The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Sexual activities of humans.
Sexual activities of animals.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Innate response elicited by sensory stimuli associated with a threatening situation, or actual confrontation with an enemy.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.
Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Activities performed to obtain licit or illicit substances.
Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The interactions between parent and child.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Interaction between a mother and child.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Sounds used in animal communication.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
The selection of one food over another.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Female parents, human or animal.
The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
A disorder characterized by episodes of vigorous and often violent motor activity during REM sleep (SLEEP, REM). The affected individual may inflict self injury or harm others, and is difficult to awaken from this condition. Episodes are usually followed by a vivid recollection of a dream that is consistent with the aggressive behavior. This condition primarily affects adult males. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p393)
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
Sexual attraction or relationship between males.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Educational institutions.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
The consumption of edible substances.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Motor behavior that is repetitive, often seemingly driven, and nonfunctional. This behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results in severe bodily self-injury. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. (DSM-IV, 1994)
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The act of killing oneself.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A practice whereby tokens representing money, toys, candy, etc., are given as secondary reinforcers contingent upon certain desired behaviors or performances.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
An induced response to threatening stimuli characterized by complete loss of muscle strength.
Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)

A nicotine antagonist, mecamylamine, reduces cue-induced cocaine craving in cocaine-dependent subjects. (1/1125)

We have previously shown that nicotine enhances cue-induced cocaine craving. In the present study, the effects of a nicotine antagonist, mecamylamine, on cue-induced cocaine craving were investigated. Twenty-three cocaine-dependent patients, all cigarette smokers, were randomly assigned to mecamylamine (2.5 mg tablet) or placebo in a single-dose, placebo-controlled, crossover, double-blind study. Craving and anxiety were measured before and after cocaine cues with visual analog scales for desire to use cocaine and mood. Skin conductance, skin temperature and heart rate were recorded before and during cocaine cues. Following exposure to cocaine cues, all patients reported an increase in cocaine craving and anxiety relative to the precue measures. Cue exposure also produced an increase in skin conductance and decrease in skin temperature. The cue-induced increase in cocaine craving was reduced, while the cue-induced skin conductance and temperature responses were unaffected, by mecamylamine. These findings show that cue-induced cocaine craving is attenuated by mecamylamine. Further study on the use of mecamylamine in relapse prevention programs are suggested.  (+info)

Effects of olfactory stimuli on urge reduction in smokers. (2/1125)

This study examined the possibility that exposure to olfactory stimuli can reduce self-reported urge to smoke. After an initial assessment of self-reported urge, nicotine-deprived smokers evaluated the pleasantness of a series of 8 odors. Facial expressions during odor presentations were coded with P. Ekman and W. V. Friesen's (1978a) Facial Action Coding System. After odor administration, participants were exposed to smoking cues. Next, participants were administered their most pleasant, least pleasant, or a control odor (water) and reported their urge to smoke. Results indicated that sniffing either a pleasant or unpleasant odor reduced reported urge to smoke relative to the control odor. Reported pleasantness of the odors did not differentially affect urge reduction. Odors eliciting negative-affect-related expressions, however, were less effective than odors that did not elicit negative-affect-related expressions in reducing reported urge. Results of this preliminary investigation provide support for the consideration of odor stimuli as an approach to craving reduction.  (+info)

Comparing single and cumulative dosing procedures in human triazolam discriminators. (3/1125)

This study evaluated a cumulative dosing procedure for drug discrimination with human participants. Four participants learned to discriminate triazolam (0.35 mg/70 kg) from placebo. A crossover design was used to compare the results under a single dosing procedure with results obtained under a cumulative dosing procedure. Under the single dosing procedure, a dose of triazolam (0, 0.05, 0.15, or 0.35 mg/70 kg) or secobarbital (0, 25, 75, or 175 mg/70 kg) was administered 45 min before assessment. Determining each dose-effect curve thus required four sessions. Under the cumulative dosing procedure, four doses of triazolam (0, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20 mg/70 kg) or secobarbital (0, 25, 50, and 100 mg/70 kg) were administered approximately 55 min apart, producing a complete dose-effect curve in one four-trial session. Regardless of procedure, triazolam and secobarbital produced discriminative stimulus and self-reported effects similar to previous single dosing studies in humans. Shifts to the right in cumulative dose-effect curves compared to single dose-effect curves occurred on several self-report measures. When qualitative stimulus functions rather than quantitative functions are of interest, application of cumulative dosing may increase efficiency in human drug discrimination.  (+info)

A three-pathway psychobiological model of craving for alcohol. (4/1125)

In this article, by reviewing the psychological, psychophysiological, neurobiological, and psychopharmacological literature on craving for alcohol, it is argued that converging evidence from several disciplines suggests a three-pathway psychobiological model of craving. Essential to this model is the appreciation of the role of individual differences in affect regulation strategies or personality styles, conditionability, sensitivity to alcohol's effects, and related dysregulations in distinct neural circuitries or neurotransmitter systems. These factors are of crucial importance to a proper understanding of the nature of craving, its underlying mechanisms and different manifestations. As a first pathway, it is suggested that reward craving or desire for the rewarding, stimulating and/or enhancing effects of alcohol might result from either dopaminergic/opioidergic dysregulation or a personality style characterized by reward seeking or a combination of both. As a second pathway, it is suggested that relief craving or desire for the reduction of tension or arousal might result from either gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic/glutamatergic dysregulation or a personality style characterized by stress reactivity or a combination of both. Obsessive craving, the result of the third pathway, can be defined as lack of control over intrusive thoughts about drinking resulting in impaired functioning. This type of craving might result either from a serotonin deficiency or a personality style characterized by low constraint or disinhibition or a combination of both. The putative implications of this three-pathway model for the assessment of alcohol craving, diagnosis and treatment of alcoholism, and future research on craving, are discussed.  (+info)

Craving for alcohol: findings from the clinic and the laboratory. (5/1125)

This paper presents a review of the current status of empirical research in the area of alcohol craving. After an introduction on the origins of the construct of craving, we first present clinical studies that have examined craving as a hallmark symptom of alcohol dependence and demonstrated its sensitivity as an outcome measure in assessing change in pharmacotherapy trials of alcohol dependence. There is also discussion regarding new multifactorial self-report instruments of alcohol craving with good reliability and predictive validity, that may be sensitive to detecting alcohol craving and assessing change in craving as it relates to relapse during treatment. Next, we examine the experimental paradigms that have been used to induce alcohol craving in the laboratory. Further, the methodological issues affecting laboratory-based paradigms are presented, while also elucidating the potential use of effective laboratory-based craving induction paradigms, both in clinical studies as well as in laboratory studies that examine the brain mechanisms associated with the concept of craving. Finally, directions for future research on craving in the laboratory and the clinic are presented in the context of developing more effective treatments for different phases of recovery from alcohol dependence.  (+info)

Long-term alcohol self-administration with repeated alcohol deprivation phases: an animal model of alcoholism? (6/1125)

In order to study the neurobiological and molecular mechanisms of alcohol dependence and addiction, appropriate animal models are warranted. Although animal models cannot incorporate all aspects and criteria of an addictive behaviour to alcohol seen in human alcoholics, they can at least reflect some of the criteria given in the fourth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) of the American Psychiatric Association (1994). Novel aspects of addictive behaviour to alcohol, craving and relapse might be uncovered by animal models of long-term, free-choice, alcohol self-administration followed by alcohol deprivation phases. After several months of voluntary alcohol consumption, the drug-taking behaviour following a deprivation (withdrawal) phase is characterized by increased alcohol intake and preference (alcohol deprivation effect) and changes in alcohol intake patterns where animals consume large amounts of highly concentrated alcohol solutions even at inappropriate times (e.g. during the inactive light phase when drinking activity is minimal). Altogether, alcohol drinking following alcohol deprivation seems to become uncontrolled and inelastic, reflecting an incentive demand for the drug in such a model. Furthermore, the alcohol deprivation effect outlasts very long abstinence phases, which indicates the persistence of a drug memory for alcohol.  (+info)

The role of serotonin in craving: from basic research to human studies. (7/1125)

Increasing evidence suggests that craving may play a central role in the mechanisms of addiction. The experience of craving is largely characterized by obsessional thoughts about drugs, triggering compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behaviour. In the present article the possible involvement of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the mechanisms of craving and relapse is discussed by integrating the results of basic research with those obtained in human studies. Based on studies suggesting that the brain serotonergic system plays a central role in the regulation of impulse-control mechanisms, it is proposed that 5-HT deficiency may contribute to the loss of control over drug-taking, which is a crucial factor for the maintenance of addictive behaviour.  (+info)

Craving and relapse measurement in alcoholism. (8/1125)

This paper attempts to summarize the measurement of craving with four different craving instruments and to relate this to definitions and measurement of relapse. The definitions of relapse may vary between studies and researchers, but are usually well defined. Five commonly used methods to measure relapse are: (1) quantity/frequency of drinking; (2) cumulative duration of abstinence (CDA); (3) post-withdrawal abstinent period; (4) stable recovery period; (5) the time line follow-back method. The definition of craving is much less clear and is mostly described as an emotional-motivational state or as obsessive-compulsive behaviour. Four self-rating instruments are briefly discussed and compared: the Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale, OCDS, the Lubeck Craving Scale, LCRR, the Alcohol Craving Questionnaire, ACQ-Now-SF-R, and ordinal scales (e.g. visual analogue, Likert, or verbal descriptive scales). These instruments measure different aspects or dimensions of craving over different periods. The different dimensions measured suggest that there is still a need to conceptualize a standard interpretation of the word craving. There is a need also to measure an emotional-motivational dimension, a cognitive-behavioural dimension, expectancies, and effects on positive and negative reinforcement with different instruments or with one multidimensional instrument. It is suggested that different patients are expected to have different craving profiles.  (+info)

Internet addiction disorder, more commonly called problematic Internet use (PIU), refers to excessive Internet use that interferes with daily life. Addiction is defined by Webster Dictionary as a compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal; broadly: persistent compulsive use of a substance known by the user to be harmful. Problematic Internet use is also called compulsive Internet use (CIU), Internet overuse, problematic computer use, or pathological computer use (PCU), problematic Internet use (PIU), or Internet addiction disorder (IAD)). Another commonly associated pathology is video game addiction, or Internet gaming disorder (IGD). IAD was originally proposed as a disorder in a satirical hoax by Ivan Goldberg, M.D., in 1995, although some later researchers have taken his essay seriously. He used this term because it was a suitable fit to his parody. This idea he conjured was to demonstrate ...
Paralleling the rapid growth in internet access is a rise in internet addiction, especially among adolescents, gaining increased attention from the popular media, government authorities, and researchers [1]. Internet addiction is characterized by a maladaptive pattern of internet use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress [2].. Internet addiction may interfere with peoples daily lives, and had short and long-term effects on their social, psychological and physical well-being. According to previous studies, internet addiction was associated with obsessive-compulsive and depressive disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, hostility/ aggressive behaviors, impaired executive control ability, and multiple structural changes in the brain [3-6].. However, there is currently no standardized definition or diagnosis criteria for internet addiction. Based on empirical diagnostic interviews and epidemiological studies, Young and Ko et al. [2, 4, 6] proposed their diagnostic ...
Internet addiction represents an emerging global health issue. Increasing efforts have been made to characterize risk factors for the development of Internet addiction and consequences of excessive Internet use. During the last years, classic research approaches from psychology considering personality variables as vulnerability factor, especially in conjunction with neuroscience approaches such as brain imaging, have led to coherent theoretical conceptualizations of Internet addiction. Although such conceptualizations can be valuable aid, the research field is currently lacking a comprehensive framework for determining brain-based and neurochemical markers of Internet addiction. The present work aims at providing a framework on the molecular level as a basis for future research on the neural and behavioral level, in order to facilitate a comprehensive neurobiological model of Internet addiction and its clinical symptomatology. To help establish such a molecular framework for the study of Internet
Internet addiction has various symptoms including obsessing on the internet, social isolation, online gambling problems, compulsive shopping addictions and more.
You dont have to think about it too hard or too long, there are (of course) no correct or incorrect answers, and the best of all are those, who come spontaneously. Dear participant, thank you for participating in our survey. She reports that Internet addiction has the same qualities as compulsive â ¦ Young (1996) initially believed that Internet addiction was simi- Addiction to virtual social networks (VSNs), especially among students, has become a crisis during the recent years.This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of a questionnaire on VSN addiction among Iranian university students.The initial questionnaire was designed based on extensive literature review and consulting with experts. We evaluated the dimensions assessed by, and psychometric properties of, a range of questionnaires purporting to assess internet addiction. So, if you want to answer some questions, start right here! Do you use internet for professional matter also? This study aimed to assess the impact of ...
Internet sex addiction, also known as cybersex addiction, has been proposed as a sexual addiction characterized by virtual Internet sexual activity that causes serious negative consequences to ones physical, mental, social, and/or financial well-being. It may also be considered a subset of the theorized Internet addiction disorder. Internet sex addiction manifests various behaviours: reading erotic stories; viewing, downloading or trading online pornography; online activity in adult fantasy chat rooms; cybersex relationships; masturbation while engaged in online activity that contributes to ones sexual arousal; the search for offline sexual partners and information about sexual activity. Cybersex addiction is a form of sexual addiction and Internet addiction disorder. As a form of a compulsive behavior, it can be identified by three criteria: the failure of making a decision about engagement in the behavior, obsession with the behavior, and the inability to stop the behavior despite negative ...
The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of relationship with parents, emotion regulation, and callous-unemotional traits with Internet addiction in a community sample of adolescents. Self-report measures of relationship with parents (both mothers and fathers), emotion regulation (in its two dimensions: cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), callous- unemotional traits (in its three dimensions: callousness, uncaring, and unemotional), and Internet addiction were completed by 743 adolescents aged 10 to 21 years. Results showed that a low perceived maternal availability, high cognitive reappraisal, and high callousness appeared to be predictors of Internet addiction. The implications of these findings are then discussed.
The Internet offers a vast array of resources for fun, education, and business and acts as a new way to form lasting social connections. Combined with...
Researchers in Canada are saying that internet addiction may be a red flag or other mental health disorders such as anxiety, stress, depression and others. Patrick Jones (@Patrick_E_Jones) explains.
Researchers in Canada are saying that internet addiction may be a red flag or other mental health disorders such as anxiety, stress, depression and others. Patrick Jones (@Patrick_E_Jones) explains.
Researchers in Canada are saying that internet addiction may be a red flag or other mental health disorders such as anxiety, stress, depression and others. Patrick Jones (@Patrick_E_Jones) explains.
What is Food Addiction?. Food addiction is, quite simply, being addicted to junk food in the same way as drug addicts are addicted to drugs.. It involves the same areas in the brain, the same neurotransmitters and many of the symptoms are identical (2).. Food addiction is a relatively new (and controversial) term and there are no good statistics available on how common it is.. This is very similar to several other eating disorders, including binge eating disorder, compulsive overeating and having an unhealthy relationship with food.. How This Works. Processed junk foods have a powerful effect on the reward centers in the brain, involving brain neurotransmitters like dopamine (3).. The foods that seem to be the most problematic include typical junk foods, as well as foods that contain either sugar or wheat, or both.. Food addiction is not about a lack of willpower or anything like that, it is caused by the intense dopamine signal hijacking the biochemistry of the brain (4).. There are ...
Internet addiction, just like other addictions, doesnt have a clear cause. But several factors can play a role. Well go over everything you need to know about this relatively new behavioral addiction.
The aim of the section is to offer a strong international and well-recognized venue for scientific and clinical publications in the field of addictive disorders in order to meet the needs and opportunities of the 21st century.. Coverage broadly includes basic science (e.g. genetic, kinetic, neurobiological research), clinical research (e.g. pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, other neurobiological treatments, assessment, diagnostic issues), epidemiology, prevention-related topics, transnational studies, and social, law, policy, and health systems related to addictive disorders. Papers on substance use (alcohol, nicotine, opiate, cocaine, amphetamine, benzodiazepines, etc.) related addictions are welcome. The section furthermore encourages submission of papers related to challenges such as behavioral addictions (e.g. disorders related to compulsive use of the Internet, Internet gaming disorders, gambling, cybersex, food addiction), dual diagnosis, and treatment delivered through Internet- and ...
| One of the most interesting aspects of the human brain is its ability to become addicted. Addiction is a serious problem and based on genetic predisposition, many are prone to it. Addictive behaviors include alcohol, nicotine, cannabis & opioid dependence, psychosis response from cannabis use, eating disorders such as binge eating, and adrenaline seeking/risk taking behaviors. These forms of addiction are all involved in biological areas that contribute to disease. We have the ability to test our patients to determine if they have a genetic predisposition to one of these addictive behaviors and create protocols to advise them to stay away from participating in any of these harmful behaviors at the risk of developing an addiction. The genetic test we use is DNA Mind from D
Addictive Behaviors in Women 5 Addictive Behaviors in Women, Drug Abuse Treatment, Alcohol Abuse Treatment, Liver Pathology and Alcohol, Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention, 1990
Internet addiction is not a figment of the imagination, according to a study published in the Journal of Addiction Medicine. Interestingly, the study also found that the link occurs more frequently in women.
Given that addictive behaviors may develop at a young age, treatment is recommended at an equally young age. Learn more about addictive behaviors.
It is almost impossible for todays teens to do anything without depending on the Internet. However, as a parent, you should limit your childs usage so that he doesnt get addicted to it.
The internet addiction among teenagers and adults in China has gotten so incredibly bad, that boot camps are emerging all over the country in an attempt to remove people from the clutches of the cyber world.
Sixteen year old Deng Senshan was tragically beaten to death by three of his instructors in an internet addiction camp in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China. Reportedly it was for not being able to run fast enough. An article in the Wall Street Journal also says that, Chinas netizens ...
European Addiction Research is a unique international scientific journal for the rapid publication of innovative research covering all aspects of addiction and related disorders. Representing an inter
Recently, I had the opportunity of meeting Vera Tarman, a Toronto addiction physician, who is also a self-proclaimed food addict and author of the book, Food Junkies: The Truth About Food Addiction.. It is fair to say that talking to Tarman and reading her book (of which she happily gave me a copy) has definitely given me food for thought.. To start with, her book Food Junkies is not a typical diet book or even a treatment guide to food addiction.. Rather, it is a rather compelling treatise in support of the existence of a discrete and definable subset of obese (and non-obese) individuals who may well be considered food addicts and for whom the only viable treatment is complete abstinence from their respective trigger foods.. To put things simply, Tarman (and her co-author Philip Werdell) describes three categories of eaters (the following words my attempt at paraphrasing the central ideas as I understand them):. Normal Eaters: this is by far the largest group of individuals with ...
9781593852788 Our cheapest price for Introduction to Addictive Behaviors, Third Edition is $0.01. Free shipping on all orders over $35.00.
A Curriculum provided by SuperHealth SuperHealth is a highly specialized technology that helps people move from recovery to self-discovery. You can learn more about SuperHealth and find more tools and information about Breaking Addictive Behaviors on their website. 1) Welcome. Explain title of class. Tune In - Ong Namo Guru Dev Namo 2) Do Warm-Ups
Basic Information On Treatment For Drug Addiction. With the fact that Drug Addiction is catching up fast and is as deadly as the Human Immuno Virus spread Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), it is extremely important that we look at ways of tr… With the fact that Drug Addiction is catching up fast and is as deadly as the Human Immuno Virus spread Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), it is extremely important that we look at ways of treating drug addiction. We all know it is a major issue with a cross section of people affected by drug addiction. Treatment of drug addiction is a combination of traditional, spiritual and the medical way which allows the patient to combat drug addiction. Treatments for drug addictions are always administered in facilities like clinics, hospitals, drug rehab centers etc. in the presence of trained physicians in administering addiction medicine and doctors who are specialized in treating addiction related cases. It may seem that treatment of drugs is ...
Basic Information On Treatment For Drug Addiction. With the fact that Drug Addiction is catching up fast and is as deadly as the Human Immuno Virus spread Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), it is extremely important that we look at ways of tr… With the fact that Drug Addiction is catching up fast and is as deadly as the Human Immuno Virus spread Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), it is extremely important that we look at ways of treating drug addiction. We all know it is a major issue with a cross section of people affected by drug addiction. Treatment of drug addiction is a combination of traditional, spiritual and the medical way which allows the patient to combat drug addiction. Treatments for drug addictions are always administered in facilities like clinics, hospitals, drug rehab centers etc. in the presence of trained physicians in administering addiction medicine and doctors who are specialized in treating addiction related cases. It may seem that treatment of drugs is ...
The Stigmatization in Worplace of People with Addictive Disorders. Stigmatization related with Drugs, Alcohol and Addictive Behaviours in the Workplace.
Addiction Therapy Conference Market Report will help you in knowing about the scope and market approach of the various strategies involved in the addiction treatment. It involves the distribution of the addicts as well as the latest strategic treatment therapies applied all over the world.
Addiction to the internet has taken alarming proportions. While internet addiction is not recognised as a separate disorder by the American Psychiatric Association, countries like China, South Korea and Taiwan have taken the matter seriously. It cannot be disregarded that technology has made the world intolerant with students glued to mobile phones and addiction to dangerous online games spiralling. Depression, anxiety and mental trauma have increased severely.. BEs Ayantika Halder spoke to Dr. Arghya Pal,Consultant Psychiatrist, IQ City Medical College & Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Durgapur about internet addiction and preventive therapies.. Q. How can a person comprehend that he is threatened by online addiction?. A. According to psychiatric diagnosis, online addiction is an ill form entity. Till now, there has been no implementation of guidelines in regard to online addiction. Yet, the core reason that deciphers the disorder is excessive craving for online activity. When the person ...
The Crosby Clinic in San Diego has 14-90 day programs for emotional therapy, mental health treatment & addiction treatment using brain scans & medication.
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This article explains how food addiction is similar to other addictions and explains how everyday life can effect an individuals life and weight.
Like most psychiatric disorders, drug addiction is defined today solely on the basis of behavioral terms. For example, addiction can be defined as a loss of control over drug intake, or the compulsive seeking and taking of drugs despite adverse consequences. The devastating consequences of addiction are well known. Addiction is the leading cause of AIDS, lung cancer, and cirrhosis of the liver and costs society hundreds of billions of dollars due to loss of life and productivity. Unfortunately, todays treatments for addiction are inadequate for many addicts. Addiction is complex, and involves many types of social and psychological factors. However, it is, at its core, a biological process: the effect of a biological substance (drug of abuse) on a biological substrate (a vulnerable brain). Addiction is also highly heritable: about 50% of the risk for an addiction is genetic, and this holds true for many different addictions, including to heroin, cocaine, alcohol, and nicotine. However, the ...
How is it possible that a recent food addiction study could find cookies to be more addictive than cocaine? Despite both firing up a reward response in the brain, is it really a fair comparison?
University of California Television provides informational, educational, and enrichment television programming to the public and draws upon the vast intellectual, scientific, and creative talents of the University of California.
University of California Television provides informational, educational, and enrichment television programming to the public and draws upon the vast intellectual, scientific, and creative talents of the University of California.
Based on an unprecedented study, the German government said Monday that more than half a million Germans are addicted to the Internet including a full five percent of mid-teen girls.
Considering I can get online whenever I hope I will never need more time, Id probably die if that happened. And Its my computer, why would I lie to
When asked what surprised him most about humanity, the Dali Lama answered Man. Because he sacrifices his health in order to make money. Then he sacrifices his money to recuperate his health. And then he is so anxious about the future that he does not enjoy the present; the result being that he does not live in the present or the future; he lives as if he is never going to die, and then dies having never really lived.. Promise Me You Will Always Remember: Youre Braver Than You Believe, And Stronger Than You Seem, And Smarter Than You Think. ~ Christopher Robin To Winnie-the-Pooh. Article of the Day: How to live a long life (article). Craig Ballantyne, CSCS, ...
For todays Gen Y , communication has been restricted to social networking sites like Facebook and iPhones, cutting down their face-to-face interactions.
Topics The Burden of Mental and Addictive Disorders The Value of Psychiatric Treatments and Services Provision Financing Psychiatric Services and Treatments Financing Psychiatric and Social Services for Special Populations Rationing Ethics and Perspectives Mental Health Policy and Economic Research
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Premier Christy Clark announces research centre and funding to fight overdose crisis during Union of B.C. Municipalities address. British Columbia will set up an addiction treatment research and training centre to combat the provinces overdose crisis, Premier Christy Clark announced.
Eating disorders, binge eating, bulimia and often obesity are addictive disorders similar to alcohol and drug abuse. Psychotherapy can help people with these disorders.
Alzheimers Disease also called as memory loss is a common form of dementia and affects memory, cognitive functions and other intellectual functions. Althou..
Blocking the processes that drive cancer cell growth is at the heart of many new anti-cancer therapies. Unfortunately, after initial success, cancer cell
What is LSD and what are the facts about LSD drug addiction? LSD drug addiction information and facts about drug addiction in general are addressed on the drug addiction site.
Find Internet Addiction Treatment Centers in San Diego, San Diego County, California, get help from San Diego Internet Addiction Rehab for Internet Addiction Treatment in San Diego.
The Canadian Problem Gambling Index (CPGI) was developed for use with Canadian populations with ongoing evaluation of the psychometric properties of reliability, validity and generalizability. Embedded within the CPGI is the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) comprised of nine items that are summed to derive a single additive problem gambling score. This technique implies that a single factor or dimension underlies the items of the instrument. However, theoretical development and previous work has suggested that the construct validity of this instrument may be based on a two factor structure of problem gambling behaviors and the consequences of those behaviors. Additionally, cut-off values derived from a summation of the 9 items are used to categorize respondents into non-gambler, non-problem gambler, at-risk gambler, moderate and severe gambler categories. If two factors better fit PGSI data then the value of these cut-off points is drawn into question. The PGSI has been primarily subjected ...
Find Video Game Addiction Therapists, Psychologists and Video Game Addiction Counseling in 55423, get help for Video Game Addiction in 55423.
Problem gambling has been identified as an emergent public health issue, and there is a need to identify gambling trends and to regularly update worldwide gambling prevalence rates. This paper aims to review recent research on adult gambling and problem gambling (since 2000) and then, in the context of a growing liberalization of the gambling market in the European Union, intends to provide a more detailed analysis of adult gambling behavior across European countries. A systematic literature search was carried out using academic databases, Internet, and governmental websites. Following this search and utilizing exclusion criteria, 69 studies on adult gambling prevalence were identified. These studies demonstrated that there are wide variations in past-year problem gambling rates across different countries in the world (0.12-5.8%) and in Europe (0.12-3.4%). However, it is difficult to directly compare studies due to different methodological procedures, instruments, cut-offs, and time frames. Despite the
Researchers are not certain what causes video game addiction; however, some experts believe that elevated dopamine levels contribute heavily to the problem. The neurotransmitter dopamine works in the brains reward center. It is released during activities most people find pleasurable, including eating and consuming certain drugs. Therapists view all addictions as functioning essentially the same way. In the case of non-substance addictions, such as those to sex, gambling and gaming, the behavior takes the place of a substance. The action of playing generates a feeling of pleasure, which ensures the addict will repeat the action as often as possible. In a report published by CBC News in April 2013, a gaming addiction expert said those with certain personality disorders or disabilities are at greater risk than others. She noted that people who suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and Aspergers are particularly susceptible to gaming addiction. Those who study video game addiction ...
Objective: The aim of this paper was to systematically review and meta-analyse the prevalence of co-morbid psychiatric disorders (DSM-IV Axis I disorders) among treatment-seeking problem gamblers. Methods: A systematic search was conducted for peer-reviewed studies that provided prevalence estimates of Axis I psychiatric disorders in individuals seeking psychological or pharmacological treatment for problem gambling (including pathological gambling). Meta-analytic techniques were performed to estimate the weighted mean effect size and heterogeneity across studies. Results: Results from 36 studies identified high rates of co-morbid current (74.8%, 95% CI 36.5-93.9) and lifetime (75.5%, 95% CI 46.5-91.8) Axis I disorders. There were high rates of current mood disorders (23.1%, 95% CI 14.9-34.0), alcohol use disorders (21.2%, 95% CI 15.6-28.1), anxiety disorders (17.6%, 95% CI 10.8-27.3) and substance (non-alcohol) use disorders (7.0%, 95% CI 1.7-24.9). Specifically, the highest mean prevalence of ...
RGS9-2, a key signaling protein in the brain known to play a critical role in the development of addiction-related behaviors, acts as a positive modulator of oxycodone reward in both pain-free and chronic pain states, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published online January 17 in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology. The mechanisms of oxycodone action uncovered through this study will help scientists and physicians develop strategies and tools to dissociate the analgesic (pain relief) actions of opioids from the addiction-related effects. Using mouse models of acute and chronic pain, Mount Sinai researchers found that RGS9-2, the intracellular protein that controls the function of opioid receptors in the brain reward center, promotes addiction to oxycodone in pain-free, acute, and chronic pain states. Mice that lacked the gene responsible for encoding RGS9-2 (RGS9KO mice) showed less propensity to develop addiction-related behaviors. Furthermore, ...
Public Release: 20-Jan-2016 University of British Columbia Credit: University of British Columbia Adding flashing lights and music to gambling encourages risky decision-making -- even if youre a rat. In research published today in the Journal of Neuroscience, scientists at UBC discovered rats behaved like problem gamblers when sound and light cues were added to a…
This study showed that 2.1% of total number of participants were at risk and 5.2% were addicted users, so 7.3 % of all participants were considered problematic users. In a study conducted by Deng and colleagues, it was also found that the prevalence of this disorder was 5.52% among students which is consistent with our own results. Similarly, Ramazani and colleagues found the total prevalence of 3% for Iranian medical students (1). Similar study was conducted among students of Turkish University of Medical Sciences showing the prevalence of internet addiction is 24 (10.3%) among nursing students, 7 (9.9%) among midwifery students, 5 (9.1%) among medical rescue students and 42 (19.6%) among physiotherapy students (10, 11). It must be noted that comparing these studies is a difficult task because of differences in study populations, applied tools and differences in social and cultural contexts. The participants of this study stated the main purposes of using internet as the following (in order of ...
Several reasons are behind this increasing prevalence of internet addiction potentially. The web insurance in Saudi Arabia has truly gone ten-fold within the last 10 years up, so a lot more than 90% of its inhabitants will ABT-869 tyrosianse inhibitor have an web connection. Many adolescents get access to gadgets (e.g., smartphones, tablets, and computer systems), and an frustrating most them utilize it more than the suggested level (age group: 14C19, make use of: 2 h/time, guys: 84%, and young ladies: 91%).[3] Some social media marketing applications (e.g., WhatsApp, Snapchat, and Twitter) are especially popular. The bad weather of Saudi Arabia (e.g., severe heat during summer months) likely increases their use of digital media by forcing them to stay inside during the daytime. Among research with high university and college pupil samples, the info indicate that Saudi females are equally, or even more, addicted to the web than Saudi adult males. A study of female university or college students ...
Problem gambling is a perennial issue frequently reported in the media. This book is a comprehensive and up-to-date resource on problem gambling research. It describes the state of the art of the subject and presents the latest developments such as computer modelling of gambling behaviour and risk
Over 500,000 people in Australia have a moderate or severe gambling problem and for every person struggling with a gambling disorder 5-10 other people are negatively affected including family, friends, employers (Productivity Commission Report 2010).This equates to over 5 million people in Australia and 2.5 million in NSW.. This project aims to provide a trained group of peer educators to raise community awareness of the issue of problem gambling. Our bureau of peer educators are trained and coordinated through the Gambling Impact Society (NSW) Inc. to provide awareness training and community education from the perspective of people who have been directly negatively impacted by problem gambling but also recovered and able to share their story.. Since May 2012, over 2329 participants have attended a Consumer Voices session and over 137 different community organisations and service agencies have received this community education program. This includes Health and Welfare professionals, community ...
Sports betting is growing exponentially, is heavily marketed and successfully targets young adult males. Associated gambling problems are increasing. Therefore, understanding risk factors for problem gambling amongst sports bettors is an increasingly important area of research to inform the appropriate design and targeting of public health and treatment interventions. This study aimed to identify demographic,…
|p |Multiuser online game addiction in particular and Internet addiction in general has become an urgent matter in Vietnam. Central government agencies and the authorities of some cities are tightening control of online games.|/p|
Addiction Treatment - Addictive Behavior Program and Customized Treatment. It is unrealistic to have a one model to address all girls difficulties.
Millions of Americans have addictions - drugs, alcohol, gambling, cigarettes - and they feel powerless to stop abusing whatever it is. Food addiction is no different. As a matter of fact, some studies show that food addiction is one of the most common in our country. Turning to food to cope with feelings of low…
We investigate the extent to which problem gambling in a recent South African sample, as measured by the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), is comorbid with depression, anxiety and substance abus
Over the past several decades, and particularly gambling the just click for source 10 to 15 years, there has been a rapid increase in the accessibility of legalized gambling in the United States and other parts of the chart. Few studies gambling systematically explored the relationships between patterns of gambling and health status.. Existing data support the notion that some gambling behaviors, particularly problem and pathological gambling, are associated with nongambling health problems. The purpose of this article is to provide a perspective on the relationship between gambling behaviors and substance use disorders, signs more info data regarding movie associations and screening and treatment options for problem and pathological gambling, and suggest a role for generalist fright in assessing problem and pathological gambling.. A rationale for conceptualization of pathological gambling as an addictive disorder and a model proposing stress as a possible mediating factor in the relationship ...
The World Health Organization has added gaming disorder to the International Classification of Diseases, which officially recognizes gaming addiction as a mental health disorder.
Understanding behavioral addictions is vital to creating effective treatment programs that will help a person successfully control their compulsions.
Gaming addiction is expected to be classified as a mental disorder by the World Health Organisation (WHO) but - while concerns over the addictive properties of video games are reasonable - there is a lack of rigorous research to back it up.
Addiction: Habitual psychological and physiological dependence on a substance or practice beyond ones voluntary control. You will notice that, contrary to what many believe, gambling addiction is not a money problem. Most people gamble definition escape more info stress, a painful past, to seek arousal, or to be in action. Gambling addiction definition also known as compulsive gambling, pathological gambling, and problem gambling.. The technical definitions of gambling addiction are:. Pathological gambling is a psychiatric disorder characterized according to the international diagnostic classification DSM-IV, by persistent, recurrent and maladaptive gambling behavior which disrupts the subjects personal, family and working life.. A progressive disorder characterized by a continuous or periodic loss of control over gambling; a preoccupation with gambling and with obtaining money with which to gamble; irrational thinking; and a continuation of the behavior despite adverse consequences. Gambling ...
Gaming addiction can have serious physical, emotional, and social consequences. Getting your teen help for video game addiction is the first action to take. This article is full of helps for you and
Although relatively new, video game addiction can cause real distress. Learn the signs, symptoms, treatment options, and statistics of this behavioral addiction so you or a loved one can get the help you need.
Carbsane aka Evelyn Kocur aka the bloated blogger tells us food restriction causes addictive behaviour Evie doesnt restrict her food intake, that is why she has stated more than once publicly, she has been obese most of her adult life. Except, when she low carbed and lost a huge amount of weight. In one sense she is right. I have restricted my sugar/carb intake drastically, because as a type two diabetic, I am addicted to wanting to keep my eye sight, limbs and kidneys. Eddie ...
The articles in this all-new collection, reprinted from American Psychological Association journals, describe a wide range of biological, psychological, and social approaches to researching and treating addictive behaviors
Gambling problems can happen to anyone from any walk of life. Your gambling goes article source a fun, harmless diversion to an unhealthy obsession with serious consequences. Whether you bet on sports, scratch gambling, roulette, gamblihg, or slots-in a casino, at the track, or online-a gambling problem can strain your relationships, interfere with work, and lead to financial cadr.. You may even gambling things you never thought you would, like running up huge debts or even stealing money to gamble. Of course, you can also have a gamblihg problem without being totally out of control. A gambling addiction or problem is often associated with other behavior or mood disorders. Many games gamblers also suffer with substance abuse issues, unmanaged ADHD, stress, depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder.. The sisease step is to toy story games free online the myths from onlije facts about gambling gambliny Fact: A problem gambler may gamble frequently today infrequently.. Gambling is a problem if it ...
This report presents the findings of the 2011 NSW Gambling Survey. The survey was conducted for the NSW Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing by Ogilivy Illumination. It is the largest dedicated survey into problem gambling in NSW with a sample size of 10,000 adults aged 18 and over.
Drug addiction involves perseverant and compulsive drug seeking and attempts to obtain and consume drugs despite aversive consequences. One leading circuit-level hypothesis for how addiction arises is that maladaptive neuroadaptations are caused by reward circuits because the dopamine system is usurped by the addictive substances (Everitt and Robbins, 2005; Wise, 1998). The main brain areas composing the reward circuits are distributed across multiple areas and include the basal ganglia (including the striatum), the limbic system (including the amygdala and the hippocampus), and the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Among these regions, the striatum is the core input nucleus and plays key roles in reward-related learning as well as in addictive behaviors. The acquisition and maintenance of addiction-like behaviors appear to arise from a series of molecular and cellular adaptations in striatal circuits (Gerfen and Surmeier, 2011; Hyman et al., 2006).. In fact, the striatum is composed of several ...
YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio (WYTV) - Local experts dealing with those suffering with alcohol and drug addiction are calling a new report from the nations chief medical officer something that could change the way people perceive the problem.. The U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Vivek Murthy released a 400-page study called Facing Addiction in America, covering various aspects of abuse, treatment and recovery, as well as the stigma of addiction being a personal choice or a character flaw.. Dr. Dan Brown, with Meridian Community Care, said he agrees with the Surgeon General - that addiction is a serious, chronic medical condition.. I think thats one of the nice things about this report, really addressing how addiction occurs, how it works in the brain and the factors that lead to someone developing an addiction, he said.. The report also says there were nearly 21 million people suffering with some sort of addiction disorder last year, but only one in 10 were receiving any treatment.. The number of people that ...
The pain, anguish and self destructive behavior are apparent as the addiction gets out of control. Our society seems to look the other way. For example in New York City there are those that live on the streets in card board boxes. Each and every day those riding the subway walk over and even around these individuals. They do not think twice to help them. The police take notice and all they do is ask them to move to a more private area of the city. This is same at all local gambling establishments. They do nothing to help those that are addicted. They have no problem taking their money until there is no money to take. At that point they throw them out into a world where they have lost respect from friends and loved ones. They know that a large percentage of their profits come from those that are addicted. They do nothing. It is up to you and me to make that difference. By helping the compulsive gamblers to stop their addition we no longer feed the gambling establishments ...
Using self-help tools and the web was a good fit for me when I needed help with my gambling problem, says *Ivan (*not his real name). Its help anytime, anywhere, because sometimes youre down in the dumps at 4 am.. Ivans story is not an uncommon one among people struggling with a gambling problem. He started gambling at the age of 19 and formally banned himself (self-excluded) from casinos three times. He turned to online gambling and, by the time he was 27, Ivan had lost over $100,000. The bills were piling up, he was missing work, his drinking got worse and his wife was ready to leave him.. I decided to get help. I tried counseling and self-help books and I turned to the web whenever I needed help, he says. Ivan is active in online peer support communities where he was recruited to help review CAMHs new online self-help gambling tools. Ivan says the tools will help a lot of people who are too ashamed to seek help, but really need it.. If youre trying to resist gambling urges, you ...
Food addiction or compulsive eating is a pathological disorder. The individual exhibits cravings and withdrawal symptoms similar to those noticed in drug addictions. This is because the same neurological pathways come into play in both cases.
The scientific study of addictive behavior has led down many pathways. For decades, mice have been studied scientifically in the laboratory to find causative relationships for explaining addictive behavior in lab specimens. Genetically and neurologically, mice are very similar to humans. The entire setup of the brain is quite similar, utilizing the same neurotransmitters and receptors and protein; Mice have 20,000 - 25,000, about the same number as humans. The average mouse gene is about 85% similar to the corresponding human gene.. In the laboratory, mice strains have been bred to have remarkably similar addictive characteristics. Examples include strains exhibiting unique drug preferences, and/or demonstrating either increased or decreased sensitivity, tolerance, dependence and withdrawal symptoms in the use of alcohol or drugs. Just as each laboratory strain of mice models similar or identical addictive behaviors, the strains also share genetic commonalities. As a result of these findings, ...
Gaming disorder is characterized by a pattern of persistent or recurrent gaming behaviour (digital gaming or video-gaming), which may be online (i.e., over the internet) or offline, manifested by: 1) impaired control over gaming (e.g., onset, frequency, intensity, duration, termination, context); 2) increasing priority given to gaming to the extent that gaming takes precedence over other life interests and daily activities; and 3) continuation or escalation of gaming despite the occurrence of negative consequences. ...
Professor Mahlers lab seeks to understand the brain circuits underlying motivated behavior, and how these change in addiction and other psychiatric disorders. His lab employs modern neuroscience tools in conjunction with traditional anatomical, histological, pharmacological, and behavioral techniques to dissect the neural circuits underlying reward- and addiction-related behaviors. Professor Mahler is interested in 1) which neuroanatomical pathways underlie specific behaviors related to reward or addiction, 2) which subpopulations of neurons (e.g. with different neurochemical phenotypes) participate in these circuits, and 3) how these circuits interact with one another to generate contextually-appropriate behaviors.. Professor Mahler received his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan, working with Kent Berridge to elucidate the neural substrates of motivation, hedonics, and learning in rats, with a focus on the roles played by amygdala opioids and nucleus accumbens cannabinoids in these ...
A problem gambling levy aimed at addressing harm associated with gamblers losses, will apply on pub and club gaming machine, casino, TAB and Lotteries Commission profits from 1 October.
In a flash of lights and a ring of bells, poker machines across Australia are robbing problem gamblers of their money. Were it only an issue of money; what is echoed out as an after-effect of problem gambling is families being stripped of income, and loved ones being denied the good parents, children, siblings, lovers or friends that they deserve. Problem gambling is an addiction and poker machines are designed to addict; poker machines are designed for debt.. Recent attempts at intervention have been met with limited success. Independent-minded politicians striving to end the pokies debt cycle in the form of a mandatory pre-commitment reform bill faced fierce and vocal opposition from both the gaming lobby and other politicians. Instigating change is rarely easy, but it is made all the more difficult when political power and commercial profit are at stake for the deciding parties. The proposed bill failed to pass and the pokies industry continues to reap ill-gained profits from the ...
Meyer et al studied 14 male problem gamblers + 15 non-gamblers. In setting participants palyed black jack in casino with their own money. He found dopamine levels were significantly higher in problem gamblers during casino compared to non-problem gamblers. Suggets bio factors can impact ...
Although many claim that food as a drug is equivalent to the brain activation present in cocaine or heroin use, this simply is not proven. Music also stimulates the pleasure centers in the brain but no one has claimed that music is addictive.. It would be much more productive to think of food addiction from the perspective of an emotional addiction or desire to use food to avoid difficult emotions. When the avoidance of these emotions have connections to the past, particularly in childhood, they can be very difficult to handle. Eating can be a way to manage, although in an unhealthy way, with these painful and overwhelming emotions.. Over time, the use of food to avoid and replace painful emotions with the pleasure of eating can become very compelling and eventually lead to feeling increasingly out of control with food. It certainly can have the feeling of an addictive energy. However, the problem is not actually food.. There has been much research and case examples of the importance of and even ...
In 1998 Young told the Riverside Press-Enterprise that 5 to 10 percent of the 52 million Internet users [were] addicted or potentially addicted. Doctors today use similar numbers when estimating the number of online junkies. In 2009 David Greenfield, a psychiatrist at the University of Connecticut, told the San Francisco Chronicle that studies have shown 3 percent to 6 percent of Internet users have a problem. Is it possible that the ability to keep extremely close tabs on Ashton Kutcher actually has reduced the Internets addictive power? Three percent is an awful lot of people. Argue all you like that a real addiction should require needles, or spending time in seedy bars with people who drink vodka through their eyeballs, or at least the overwhelming and nihilistic urge to invest thousands of dollars in a broken public school system through the purchase of lottery tickets. Those working on the front lines of technology overuse have plenty of casualties to point to. In our brief ...
Smoking cue-exposure research has provided a powerful tool for examining cravings in the laboratory. A key attraction of this method is that tightly controlled experimental procedures can model craving experiences that are presumed to relate to addiction. Despite its appeal, key assumptions underlying the clinical relevance of smoking cue-reactivity studies have been questioned recently. For both conceptual and methodological reasons it may be difficult to tease apart cue-based and abstinence-based cravings. Moreover, conventional cue-reactivity procedures typically generate levels of craving with only minimal clinical relevance. We argue here that sometimes it is unfeasible-and in some instances conceptually misguided-to disentangle abstinence-based and cued components of cigarette cravings. In light of the challenges associated with cue-reactivity research, we offer an alternative approach to smoking cue-exposure experimental research focusing on peak provoked craving (PPC) states. The PPC ...
New study suggests the distorted thinking that problem gamblers seem more susceptible to is not present in people who have suffered damage to the insula.
This program does not force unrealistic expectations upon the members. As a matter of fact, it encourages members to take things one day at a time. There are twelve steps that each member is encouraged to participate in. It is believed that if the alcoholic follows these steps, they will successfully recover from the illness that has burdened them, and the life that they live.. Addictions no longer refer only to substances, but can be activities, as well. The reason is that these activities create the same chemical reaction in the brain as substances, which give the person feelings of euphoria. The person then craves that substance or activity and participates in the activity or uses the substance to recreate the euphoric feelings.. Some people also use these substances or activities to escape or cope with their anxieties or problems, which leads to a dependence. Then they believe they cant cope without that substance or activity, leading to addiction.. In a recent report it was revealed that ...
Is alcoholism a disease or addiction Is alcoholism a disease or an addiction Is alcoholism and drug addiction a disease Alcoholism is it a disease or addiction ➥ Addiction is a highly progressive disease - but what does this mean? It means that over time, symptoms of addiction will continue to worsen if left untreated. ➤ Is alcoholism a disease or addiction Is alcoholism a disease or an addiction Is alcoholism and drug addiction a disease Alcoholism is it a disease or addiction on the site ➦ alcohol-ism.info
This article is part of an ongoing series profiling researchers at the University of Michigan.For Ashley Gearhardt, University of Michigan assistant professor of Psychology and winner of the prestigious 2017 Henry Russel Award, her research on food addiction and eating disorders is deeply connected with the way humans interact with one another.
Over time, and with enough Internet usage, the structure of our brains can actually physically change, according to a new study. Researchers in China...
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Addictive Behaviors. 39 (1): 365-368. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.025. PMC 3858531. PMID 24199932. Griffin, Jessica A.; ... The following behaviors are influenced by risk taking when a person is experiencing the effects of alcohol myopia. Alcohol ... Those under the influence of alcohol myopia are often unaware of the consequences of their behavior as well as its risky nature ... However, the drunk brain is unable to regulate the urges for excessive behavior. By leading the brain to overreact to present ...
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Addictive Behaviors. 35 (1): 42-5. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.07.002. PMC 2763929. PMID 19733441. Albano, Anne Marie; Chorpita, ... behaviors) and to thereby challenge behaviors that have become conditioned responses to fear and anxiety, and which have ... heighten dissonance between behaviors that are not desired and values that are not consistent with those behaviors, (3) move ... These goals are attained by switching the person's attempt to control events to working towards changing their behavior and ...
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Urberg, K.; Shyu, S. J.; Liang, J. (1990). "Peer influence in adolescent cigarette smoking". Addictive Behaviors. 15 (3): 247- ... Before packaging, the tobacco is often combined with other additives in order to enhance the addictive potency, shift the ... The reasons given by some smokers for this activity have been categorized as addictive smoking, pleasure from smoking, tension ... Another study's results indicated that peer pressure was significantly associated with smoking behavior across all age and ...
Once the addictive behavior is established for women they stabilize at higher doses of drugs than males do. When withdrawing ... Relapse in the addictive behaviors. 26 (2): 128-148. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2005.11.003. ISSN 0272-7358. PMID 16412541. Substance ... Addictive Behaviors. 37 (12): 1325-1334. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.07.001. PMC 3496394. PMID 22958865. "Self-Help Groups ... A number of studies using the Iowa gambling task as a measure for impulsive behavior found that drug using populations made ...
Addictive Behaviors. 24 (5): 707-13. doi:10.1016/s0306-4603(98)00081-1. PMID 10574310. Lançon JP, Pechinot A, Athis PD, ... Dextromoramide and the real reason that Palfium was not put back into production for the UK market is because of how addictive ...
Behaviors associated with mobile-phone addiction differ between genders. Older people are less likely to develop addictive ... To reduce this stress might result in even more addictive behaviors and females are more likely to use mobile phones to ... Addictive Behaviors. 81: 157-166. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.02.017. ISSN 0306-4603. PMC 5849299. PMID 29459201. van Deursen ... a temporary barrier momentarily prevents the user from engaging in a specific behavior), limit (i.e. certain behaviors are time ...
Addictive Behaviors. 97: 111-121. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.08.027. PMID 30292574. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental ... While people taking antidepressants do not commonly exhibit drug-seeking behavior, stopping antidepressants leads to similar ...
... and Intention to Change Drinking Behavior". Addictive Behaviors. 41: 232-237. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.10.015. ISSN 0306-4603 ...
Addictive Behaviors. 15 (3): 247-255. doi:10.1016/0306-4603(90)90067-8. PMID 2378284. Farrell, Albert D.; White, Kamila S. ( ... Affiliation with friends who engage in risk behaviors has been shown to be a strong predictor of an adolescent's own behavior. ... Groups of popular children showed a propensity to increase risky, drug-related and delinquent behavior when this behavior was ... For example, greater depression symptomatology, decreasing popularity, more sexual behavior, and externalizing behavior were ...
Addictive Behaviors. 30 (8): 1607-13. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.02.005. PMID 16122622. Kirages, T; Sulé, H; Mycyk, M (2003). " ... The Director of Narcotics, Psychotropics, and Addictive Substances Control (NAPZA) BPOM-RI, Dr. Danardi Sosrosumihardjo, SpKJ, ... despite being a more physically addictive µ-opioid class antitussive, be made available as an alternative to dextromethorphan. ... than half of users reported experience of these withdrawal symptoms individually for the first week after long-term/addictive ...
Addictive Behaviors. 36 (6): 608-614. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.01.023. PMID 21376475. MacManus, Deirdre; Dean, Kimberlie; ... and violent behavior. A number of treaties have sought to curb the participation of children in armed conflicts. According to ...
Since addictive behavior is a learned behavior in opioid dependence, cognitive behavioral therapy aims to promote positive ... Addictive Behaviors. 71: 104-106. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.03.008. PMC 5449215. PMID 28325710. León C, Cardoso L, Mackin S, ... Addictive Behaviors. 38 (9): 2445-9. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.03.020. PMID 23688907. "Cough Syrup with Codeine Abuse, Also ... Jones JD, Campbell A, Metz VE, Comer SD (August 2017). "No evidence of compensatory drug use risk behavior among heroin users ...
Addictive Behaviors. 39 (11): 1573-1579. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.033. PMC 4012004. PMID 24286704. Martin, Hale; Finn, ... and Gender-related Play Behavior in 13-month-old Infants". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 38 (1): 6-15. doi:10.1007/s10508-007- ... "The evolutionary neuroandrogenic theory of criminal behavior expanded". Aggression and Violent Behavior. 24: 61-74. doi:10.1016 ... Since behavior is a result of interactions between nature and nurture, researchers are interested in investigating how biology ...
Addictive Behaviors. 7 (1): 47-55. doi:10.1016/0306-4603(82)90024-7. PMID 7080884. Celio, AA; Wilfley, DE; Crow, SJ; Mitchell, ... The Binge Eating Scale is a sixteen item questionnaire used to assess the presence of binge eating behavior indicative of an ...
Addictive Behaviors. 32 (2): 416-424. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.05.011. ISSN 0306-4603. PMID 16822620. Friedman, Mitchell (2016 ... When one takes time to think about their character or behavior, they analyze the reasons that caused the behavior, where this ... Making time to step back and consider their behaviors, the consequences of those behaviors, and the expectations of those ... behaviors can give them a source of a clear insight and learning. A person engaging in self-reflection may ask themselves: What ...
Addictive Behaviors. 89: 35-43. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.09.020. PMID 30245407. Murrie, Benjamin; Lappin, Julia; Large, ... This also includes mood, hunger, body temperature, sexual behavior, muscle control, and sensory perception. Certain ... and addictive craving should be absent. This definition is broad enough to include a wide range of substances with different ... Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 64 (2): 251-6. doi:10.1016/S0091-3057(99)00045-3. PMID 10515299. S2CID 10221368. Hermle ...
Addictive Behaviors. 28 (5): 851-70. doi:10.1016/S0306-4603(02)00216-2. PMID 12788261. MMarx, Brian P.; Sloan, Denise M. (2005 ... Seemingly disparate forms of pathological behavior can be understood by their common function (i.e., attempts to avoid distress ... New York: Guilford Press.[page needed] Craighead, W. E.; Craighead, L. W.; Ilardi, S. S. (1995). "Behavior therapies in ... Engaging in self-destructive behaviors in an attempt to avoid feelings of boredom, emptiness, worthlessness. Not functioning or ...
Addictive Behaviors. 42: 24-31. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.10.025. hdl:1880/50546. ISSN 1873-6327. PMID 25462650. McGinty, Emma ... There is a tendency to focus more on the positive behavior of one's own group and the negative behaviors of other groups. This ... Addictive Behaviors. 18 (3): 347-353. doi:10.1016/0306-4603(93)90036-9. PMID 8393611. Hendriksson, Marla (16 May 2016). "Words ... he is discredited-his stigma has been revealed and thus it affects not only his behavior but the behavior of others. Jones et ...
Addictive Behaviors. 79: 213-218. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.11.015. ISSN 0306-4603. PMC 5807200. PMID 29174664. Breland, Alison ... is well-recognized as one of the most addictive substances, as addictive as heroin and cocaine. Addiction is believed to be a ... As with most addictive substances, nicotine increases levels of a chemical messenger in the brain called dopamine, which ... A 2016 review states that "The highly addictive nature of nicotine is responsible for its widespread use and difficulty with ...
Addictive Behaviors. 12 (3): 263-267. doi:10.1016/0306-4603(87)90037-2. PMID 3310529. Coren, Susan; Coren, Stanley (1989). " ... REST, when combined with other effective smoking cessation methods (for example: behavior modification) resulted in long-term ...
Spada, M. M., Caselli, G., Nikčević, A. V., & Wells, A. (2015). "Metacognition in addictive behaviors". Addictive Behaviors, 44 ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Addictive Behaviors - Home Page. Retrieved 8 November 2017. Addictive Behaviors Reports ... "Metacognition in addictive behaviors" (PDF). Addictive Behaviors. 44: 9-15. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.08.002. PMID 25182375. ... Spada is also editor-in-chief of the leading addictions psychology and psychiatry journal Addictive Behaviors, and founder and ...
Addictive Behaviors. 35 (12): 1102-4. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.08.004. PMID 20805016. Bertini, MC; Busaniche, J; Baquero, F; ... Alternatively, questions that ask "how many" or "how often" implicitly imply an expectation of the behavior, and may thus ... questions may contribute to lower sensitivity on certain measures by inhibiting disclosure of less socially desirable behaviors ...
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Addictive Behaviors. 78: 22-29. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.022. PMC 5783735. PMID 29121529. Warr P, Bindl UK, Parker SK, ... Addictive Behaviors. 78: 22-29. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.022. PMC 5783735. PMID 29121529. Hoprekstad ØL, Hetland J, Bakker ... It can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, motivation, feelings, and sense of well-being. The core symptom of depression is ... Results showed that the level of depression as an emotion negatively affected the amount of risky behavior and consequence from ...
Addictive Behaviors. 31 (10): 1844-1857. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.12.028. PMID 16460883. Mäkinen, M; et al. (2012). "Body ... They sometimes cite similarities between "adolescent" behavior and KZ syndrome (inmate behavior in adults in prison camps) such ... heterosexual romantic and sexual behavior". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 33 (4): 381-394. doi:10.1023/B:ASEB.0000028891.16654. ... From the '50s until the '80s, the focus of the field was mainly on describing patterns of behavior as opposed to explaining ...
Addictive Behaviors. 78: 51-58. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.017. ISSN 0306-4603. PMC 5783750. PMID 29127784. "Know The Risks: ... Addictive Behaviors Reports. 8: 147-153. doi:10.1016/j.abrep.2018.09.007. ISSN 2352-8532. PMC 6180293. PMID 30320201. Sultan, ... Nicotine is an addictive chemical." E-cigarettes are marketing, among other things, as a tool to get around smoke-free policies ... Nicotine is an addictive chemical." According to a 2014 review, the advertising of vaping on television and radio is large- ...
addictive behavior - a behavior that is both rewarding and reinforcing. *addictive drug - a drug that is both rewarding and ... Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 15: Reinforcement and Addictive Disorders". In Sydor A, Brown RY (eds.). ... Shettleworth, S. J. (2010). Cognition, Evolution and Behavior (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ... Similarly, reward sensitization to a particular addictive drug often results in reward cross-sensitization, which entails ...
"Why is smoking addictive?". NHS Choices. December 29, 2011. Archived from the original on October 13, 2013. Retrieved November ... and confusion or combative behavior in very severe exacerbations.[36][41] Crackles may also be heard over the lungs on ... Smoking, however, is highly addictive,[94] and many smokers need further support. The chance of quitting is improved with ...
Gary J. Heffner, Autism, PDD-NOS, & Asperger's fact sheets , Self-injurious behavior and autism, Autism-help.org, retrieved ... Self-harm is an addictive behaviour. Once someone starts self-injury, it is difficult for them to stop, even if they want to. ... This kind of harm is not suicidal behavior.[1] Many self-harmers hurt themselves because they feel it is the only way to stay ... Over time, these chemicals can become addictive. There are some drugs that can help with this addiction, but they have not been ...
It implies an overwhelming indictment of the behavior which we believe is not appropriate. The actual and potential harm of use ... The nation first outlawed addictive drugs in the early 1900s and the International Opium Convention helped lead international ... of the drug is not great enough to justify intrusion by the criminal law into private behavior, a step which our society takes ...
... applications to addictive behaviors". American Psychologist. 47 (9): 1102-1114. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.47.9.1102. PMID 1329589. ... Behavior Modification. 27 (3): 300-312. doi:10.1177/0145445503027003003. PMID 12841586.. *. Rosenzweig, Saul (July 1936). "Some ... "In Garfield, Sol L; Bergin, Allen E (eds.). Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley. pp. 311- ... The Behavior Therapist. 33 (1): 10-12.. *. Tryon, Warren W; Misurell, Justin R (December 2008). "Dissonance induction and ...
The application of learned industriousness theory to addictive behaviors. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 4(2), ... Negative reinforcement is the removal of an aversive stimulus after a behavior that increases the frequency of that behavior. ... Positive reinforcement is any stimulus that is presented after a behavior and increases the frequency of that behavior. ... a reward is given as a consequence of a desired behavior and often motivates an individual to perform that behavior again in ...
The lyrics of these glam metal bands characteristically emphasized hedonism and wild behavior, including lyrics which involved ... using heavy metal as a metaphor for addictive drugs: "With their diseases and orgasm drugs and their sexless parasite life ... and behavior".[82] Identification with the subculture is strengthened not only by the group experience of concert-going and ...
... addictive behavior, motor coordination and planning, attention span, performance speed, continuous performance without ... A classic example is Phineas Gage, who exhibited a change in behavior after one or both frontal lobes were destroyed by a large ... There are two main regions of the prefrontal cortex that each control various aspects of behavior and personality: * ... November 2005). "Social cognition in frontal lobe epilepsy". Epilepsy & Behavior. 7 (3): 506-16. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2005.07. ...
"Mechanisms of transgenerational inheritance of addictive-like behaviors". Neuroscience. 264: 198-206. PMC 3872494 . PMID ... Also, multiple modifications may occur at the same time, and these modifications may work together to change the behavior of ... Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of addictive phenotypes has been noted to occur in preclinical studies.[142][143] ... it is possible to evaluate the addictive potential of current medications (119), as well as use it as a biomarker for assessing ...
Addictive Behaviors. 30 (5): 1019-23. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.09.003. PMID 15893098. "When a Friend or Family Member is ... A 1994 study among South London prostitutes showed links between sexual behavior, severity of dependence, and use of heroin, ... Behavioral therapies help patients change their initial attitudes and behaviors that are related to drug use. For example, ...
We do, however, view both rodent and human data as consistent with the existence of addictive eating behavior.. ... better captures addictive-like eating behavior" (PDF). Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 47: 295-306. doi:10.1016/j. ... better captures addictive-like eating behavior". Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 47: 295-306. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev. ... Because this addictive behavior is not biological, one cannot develop a trait that codes for an eating disorder, so ...
Cynical, ego-driven and seemingly amoral, Topher's knowledge of human behavior allows him to specially craft the various ... "as involving and addictive as Whedon's best work".[69] Maureen Ryan of the Chicago Tribune liked Dollhouse's "unsettling" tone ...
Chapter 2-How Stimulants Affect the Brain and Behavior. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US). ... Unlike most stimulants, caffeine has no addictive potential. Caffeine does not appear to be a reinforcing stimulus, and some ... The violent and aggressive behavior associated with acute stimulant toxicity may partially be driven by paranoia.[7] Most drugs ... Acute toxicity has been reportedly associated with a homicide, paranoia, aggressive behavior, motor dysfunction, and punding. ...
"Addictive Behaviors. 35 (1): 42-5. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.07.002. PMC 2763929 . PMID 19733441.. ... Worry behavior prevention requires patients to monitor the behaviors that caused them worry and are then asked to prevent ... "Behavior Therapy. 41 (1): 59-72. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2008.12.005. PMC 2827339 . PMID 20171328.. ... heighten dissonance between behaviors that are not desired and values that are not consistent with those behaviors, (3) move ...
Ghodse, Hamid (2010). Ghodse's Drugs and Addictive Behaviour: A Guide to Treatment. Cambridge University Press. p. 77. ISBN ... Conflict and Cooperation in Wild Chimpanzees. Advances in the Study of Behavior, vol. 35 ...
In human social behavior, discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction towards, a person based on ... attributed with addictive qualities it did not have, and set alongside far more dangerous drugs like heroin and morphine.. ... Surviving as a female slasher victim was strongly associated with the absence of sexual behavior. In slasher films, the message ... The United Nations stance on discrimination includes the statement: "Discriminatory behaviors take many forms, but they all ...
Relapse prevention: maintenance strategies in the treatment of addictive behaviors. New York: Guilford Press. ISBN 0-89862-009- ... Behavioral models make use of principles of functional analysis of drinking behavior. Behavior models exist for both working ... Rational Recovery Systems and the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors)[where?] measuring the treatment provider's ... Although dangerous and addictive in its own right, nitrogenous oxide has been shown to be an effective treatment for a number ...
It can also be suggested that her faith in God and strong moral upbringing had a lot to do with the behavior that she displayed ... She took in children, free of charge, who were addicted to drugs and helped them through their addictive periods. She would ...
Food, including chocolate, is not typically viewed as addictive. Some people, however, may want or crave chocolate, leading to ... Rogers, Peter J; Smit, Hendrik J (2000). "Food Craving and Food 'Addiction'". Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 66 (1): 3 ...
Addictive Behavior. *Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment (página oficial). *Advances in Anatomic Pathology (página oficial) ...
"Synaptic AMPA receptor plasticity and behavior". Neuron. 61 (3): 340-50. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2009.01.015. PMC 3917551 . PMID ... after the exposure to an addictive drug.[21] ...
NET blockade is unlikely to play a major role in mediating addictive behavior. This finding is based on the premise that ... It is non addictive, although this might be due to it being a NDRI, not a SNDRI. The β-naphthyl analog of "Nocaine" is a SNDRI ... For example, although Alan P. Kozikowski showed that R/S nocaine is less addictive than SS Nocaine, studies on variously ... In light of the above paragraph, another way of reducing the psychomotor stimulant and addictive qualities of phenyltropane ...
... is a branch of economics concerned with issues related to efficiency, effectiveness, value and behavior in the ... Doctors are bound to a code of medical ethics and regulatory restrictions, so prescribing addictive drugs to someone not in ... which is highly addictive, to a new patient who presents with pain. Relieving pain and suffering is one of a doctor's primary ... health economists study the functioning of healthcare systems and health-affecting behaviors such as smoking, diabetes, and ...
The NIH states that LSD is addictive,[18] while most other sources state it is not.[17][61] A 2009 textbook states that it " ... death can be the result of accidents or reckless behavior.[14] The effects of LSD are believed to occur as a result of ... LSD does not appear to be addictive.[11][17] Its frequent use can cause acute tolerance, requiring much larger doses to feel an ... Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 15: Reinforcement and Addictive Disorders". In Sydor A, Brown RY (eds.). ...
a b Clinical Textbook of Addictive Disorders, Marijuana, David McDowell, page 169, Published by Guilford Press, 2005 ISBN 1- ... Cannabis use and abuse has symptoms that affect behavior, physical, cognitive, and psychosocial aspects of a person's life. ... and Behavior. 81 (2): 300-18. doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2005.01.028. PMID 15919107.. ... an area of the brain responsible for planning complex tasks and behavior).[46] Venlafaxine, a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake ...
Chastain, G (October 2006). "Alcohol, neurotransmitter systems, and behavior.". The Journal of general psychology 133 (4): 329- ... Miller, NS; Mahler; Gold (1991). "Suicide risk associated with drug and alcohol dependence.". Journal of addictive diseases 10 ...
An addictive behavior is a behavior, or a stimulus related to a behavior (e.g., sex or food), that is both rewarding and ... Addiction ANNK1 and addictive behaviors Addiction vulnerability Behavioral addiction Habituation Substance dependence Nestler ... Apart from the aforementioned addictive behaviors the most common one would be substance addiction (including alcohol, tobacco ... Addictions involving addictive behaviors are normally referred to as behavioral addictions. Compulsions and addictions are ...
Addictive Behaviors is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Elsevier. It was established in 1975 by Peter M ... The journal covers behavioral and psychosocial research concerning addictive behaviors in its widest sense. The journal is ...
Addictive Behaviors is an international peer-reviewed journal publishing high quality human research on addictive behaviors and ... Addictive Behaviors Reports, an open-access journal for research in addictive behaviors.. Eating Behaviors An International ... Addictive Behaviors is an international peer-reviewed journal publishing high quality human research on addictive behaviors and ... Addictive Behaviors is an international peer-reviewed journal publishing high quality human research on addictive behaviors and ...
Here you can read summaries of all the latest updates from Addictive Behaviors ... PMID: 30080480 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Addictive Behaviors). Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 7, 2018 Category: ... PMID: 29914718 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Addictive Behaviors). Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 28, 2018 Category: ... PMID: 29940390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors). Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 19, 2018 ...
... induces long-term changes to the reward circuitry that are responsible for addictive behaviors. Alban de Kerchove dExaerde ... A gene required for addictive behavior Researchers show that mice lacking the Maged1 gene are unable to acquire cocaine ... Evidence that addictive behaviors have strong links with ancient retroviral infection University of Oxford ... an increased effect of the drug following repeated doses or addictive behavior like seeking up places where the animal expects ...
9781593852788 Our cheapest price for Introduction to Addictive Behaviors, Third Edition is $0.01. Free shipping on all orders ... Introduction to Addictive Behaviors, Third Edition. by Thombs, Dennis L. *ISBN13: 9781593852788. ... The focus of his scholarship is addictive behavior, with special interests in the epistemology of addiction and in alcohol and ... CHAPTER 1 The Multiple Conceptions of Addictive Behavior and Professional Practice Today. 1. (17). ...
Addictive Behaviors Reports Note from the Editor-in-Chief... ... Editor-in-Chief, Addictive Behaviors Reports. Note from the ... would like to thank both the editorial board members and all our reviewers for their efforts in supporting Addictive Behaviors ... The first virtual special issue, on Free Will and Addictive Behaviours, is edited by Dr Antony Moss, Professor Roy Baumeister ... The second virtual special, on Social identity and Addictive Behaviours, is edited by Professor Ian Albery, Dr Daniel Frings, ...
... of the Eliminating Your Addictive Behavior by Sheldon Birnbaum at Barnes & Noble. FREE Shipping on $25.0 or more! ... Eliminating Your Addictive Behavior is a new guide that takes a comprehensive look at addictive behavior, its roots, and how to ... You can beat your addictive behavior.. Doesnt eliminating your addictive behavior sound good?. Obviously, you want to beat ... Addictive behavior is a symptom of an illness. Thats right, youre sick. I know thats probably NOT what you wanted to hear, ...
A new study from the Yale School of Public Health finds that such dependence is also associated with other addictive behaviors. ... A new study from the Yale School of Public Health finds that such dependence is also associated with other addictive behaviors. ... Study reveals link between tanning dependence and other addictive behaviors. *Download PDF Copy ... Or it may be that we will eventually find out that these individuals have more of an addictive or risk-taking personality type ...
... December 19, 2011 • By A GoodTherapy.org News Summary .fb-share- ... of them exhibiting addictive consumption behaviors. Puhl said, "A history of bingeing on fat, then, can lead to long-term ... As these same foods increase bingeing behavior in humans too! I have seen it all too often. Once you get started on those fried ... "Importantly, the present study provides compelling evidence that fat is not addictive, but the way in which fat is consumed can ...
"Eating addiction", rather than "food addiction", better captures addictive-like eating behavior.. Hebebrand J1, Albayrak Ö1, ... We do however view both animal and existing human data as consistent with the existence of addictive eating behavior. ... Addictive disorders; Eating addiction; Fat addiction; Food addiction; Motivation; Obesity; Reward system; Salt addiction; Sugar ... "Food addiction" has become a focus of interest for researchers attempting to explain certain processes and/or behaviors that ...
Scientists from NIDAs Intramural Research Program show that neural mechanisms that control appetitive aggressive behavior are ... Appetitive aggressive behavior in humans refers to positive feelings being associated with committing violent behavior. In ... www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/science-highlight/similarities-between-aggressive-addictive-behaviors. May 5, 2020 ... www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/science-highlight/similarities-between-aggressive-addictive-behaviors ...
The Addictive Behaviors Counseling Program is an Approved Institution of Higher Education Provider for the Addictive Disorders ... Addictive Behaviors Counseling and Prevention is a two-degree program: the Bachelor of Science degree and the Associate of Arts ... Addictive Behaviors BS majors may minor in any discipline. However, they are encouraged to select minors in Criminal Justice, ... The goal of the Addictive Behaviors Counseling Program is to provide comprehensive, academic opportunities for students in a ...
... into how acceptance and mindfulness-based interventions are being successfully used to treat a variety of addictive behaviors, ... Each article illuminates the mindfulness and acceptance-based treatments that work best for particular addictive behaviors, ... and context are vital resources in reducing the seemingly intractable suffering caused by addictive behavior.". -Zindel Segal, ... and students of addictive behaviors and their treatment. This very substantive book is refreshingly diverse in both theoretical ...
... flexible tool that can facilitate change in addictive variables at each level of complexity, from habitua … ... Successful treatment of addictive behaviors is difficult because of the complexity of relevant contributing variables. ... The use of restricted environmental stimulation therapy in treating addictive behaviors Int J Addict. 1990-1991;25(7A-8A):995- ... Research in treating addictive behaviors with REST is reviewed with smoking, overeating, alcohol consumption, and drug misuse. ...
Dowling, S. (1995). The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior. The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior, 1- ... Dowling, S. (1995). The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior. 1-225. International Universities Press, Inc. Madison ... The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior , 1-225. . International Universities Press, Inc. Madison Connecticut . ... Compulsiveness and Conflict: The Distinction Between Description and Explanation in the Treatment of Addictive Behavior. ...
Medical Xpress is a web-based medical and health news service that features the most comprehensive coverage in the fields of neuroscience, cardiology, cancer, HIV/AIDS, psychology, psychiatry, dentistry, genetics, diseases and conditions, medications and more.
Health, Medicine & Nursing / Diseases & Conditions / Addictive Behavior / Government & Special Showing 1 - 26 of 26 Results. ... Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, 3rd Edition Macmillan Reference USA ISBN-13: 9780028661148 Grade Level ... Drugs, Alcohol & Tobacco: Learning About Addictive Behavior, 1st Edition Macmillan Reference USA ISBN-13: 9780028659008 Grade ... Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease: Alcohol, Tobacco, Caffeine, and Drugs of Abuse in Everyday Lifestyles, 1st ...
On the one hand, the work group deals with aetiopathological processes and risk analyses within the framework of basic research in order to understand resilient or vulnerable persons with regard to …
If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to your citations. Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation. You can always edit a citation as well. ...
Cite your map / chart in Addictive Behaviors format for free. ...
Oleson is the Chair of the Department of Psychology and the Division of Behavior Medicine at the California Graduate Institute ...
Home » News & Events » News Releases » Study shows impact of social interactions on addictive behavior ... Study Shows Impact of Social Interactions on Addictive Behavior. To read NIDA Director Dr. Nora Volkows blog, go to: New NIDA ... www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/news-releases/2018/10/study-shows-impact-social-interactions-addictive-behavior. October 15, 2018 ... www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/news-releases/2018/10/study-shows-impact-social-interactions-addictive-behavior ...
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Traditional Psychotherapy and Addictive Behaviors scheduled on April 23-24, 2020 in April 2020 in Tokyo is for the researchers ... Traditional Psychotherapy and Addictive Behaviors. ICTPAB 2020: 14. International Conference on Traditional Psychotherapy and ... ICTPAB 2020 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Traditional Psychotherapy and Addictive Behaviors. A number of ... Addictive behaviors. Development and applications of psychotherapy. Psychological dysfunction. Services of mental health. ...
Cite your dissertation in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors format for free. ...
... induces long-term changes to the reward circuitry that are responsible for addictive behaviors. Alban ... ... A gene required for addictive behavior. July 12, 2018, European Molecular Biology Organization Cocaine can have a devastating ... an increased effect of the drug following repeated doses or addictive behavior like seeking up places where the animal expects ... induces long-term changes to the reward circuitry that are responsible for addictive behaviors. Alban de Kerchove dExaerde ...
... Phone: 970-945-4854. Addictive Behaviors Counseling. 931 Grand Avenue. ... Types of Treatment Approaches provided by Addictive Behaviors Counseling in Glenwood Springs, Colorado:. Cognitive/behavior ... As such, Addictive Behaviors Counseling accommodates a wide collection of services in line with their belief of treatments that ... Type of Care offered at Addictive Behaviors Counseling in Glenwood Springs:. Drug and Alcohol Treatment Services Naltrexone ( ...
We care for the behavioral health of our community and we care about our staffs well-being. One of the largest providers of community-based behavioral health services in New Hampshire, we are an equal opportunity employer, offering competitive wages in a supportive, positive, and inclusive working environment.. Learn More ...
  • Addictive Behaviors is an international peer-reviewed journal publishing high quality human research on addictive behaviors and disorders since 1975. (elsevier.com)
  • Here, we introduce current diagnostic and neurobiological concepts of substance-related and non-substance-related addictive disorders, and highlight the similarities and dissimilarities between addiction and overeating. (nih.gov)
  • future research should attempt to define the diagnostic criteria for an eating addiction, for which DSM-5 now offers an umbrella via the introduction on Non-Substance-Related Disorders within the category Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders. (nih.gov)
  • The Addictive Behaviors Counseling Program is an Approved Institution of Higher Education Provider for the Addictive Disorders Regulatory Authority, (ADRA). (suno.edu)
  • In addition, Addictive Behaviors Counseling is specialized in Persons With Co-Occurring Mental And Substance Abuse Disorders, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Or Transgender (LGBT) Clients, Veterans, as well as other special programs. (drug-rehabs.org)
  • The relationships among personality risk, elevated body mass index (BMI), and addictive behaviors have important clinical implications, especially for treatments that target psycho-behavioral intervention for compulsive overeating and substance-use disorders. (frontiersin.org)
  • Typically, individuals also experience an overwhelming desire for certain (mostly highly palatable) foods, which often triggers relapses when one endeavors to restrain from binging behaviors - evidence which prompted the inclusion of "cravings" in the diagnostic criteria for BED in the most recent version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Addictive behaviors include alcohol, nicotine, cannabis & opioid dependence, psychosis response from cannabis use, eating disorders such as binge eating, and adrenaline seeking/risk taking behaviors. (elpasochiropractorblog.com)
  • If there are alterations in dopamine, we see various psychiatric disorders, neurodegenerative disorders, cognitive impairment, mood and anxiety disorders, and addictive behavior leading to a risk-seeking behavior and substance abuse. (elpasochiropractorblog.com)
  • This course focuses on addictive behaviors, including the etiology, assessment, and treatment of alcohol and substance use disorders, as well as risk prevention and factors and dual diagnoses, applying this understanding to the profession of clinical psychology. (calbaptist.edu)
  • Other addictive behaviors will also be explored, including eating, Internet, and gambling disorders, as well as sexual addiction. (calbaptist.edu)
  • This course focuses on human sexuality, including sexual behaviors, and sexual disorders, applying this understanding to the profession of clinical psychology. (calbaptist.edu)
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment. (lww.com)
  • It is legitimate for our professional community to debate the most appropriate taxonomy and terminology, but there is no debate about the reality that there are people who struggle with sexual behavior disorders that cause them serious consequences. (sexualdiversity.org)
  • Sex differences in addictive disorders. (springer.com)
  • The public health impact of COVID-19 on psychological symptoms and disorders, addiction, and health behavior is substantial and ongoing. (utadeo.edu.co)
  • Apart from the aforementioned addictive behaviors the most common one would be substance addiction (including alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis). (wikipedia.org)
  • The focus of his scholarship is addictive behavior, with special interests in the epistemology of addiction and in alcohol and drug use during the period of emerging adulthood. (ecampus.com)
  • Regarding the alcohol dependence association, it may be possible that addressing that behavior could help address tanning dependence. (news-medical.net)
  • Research in treating addictive behaviors with REST is reviewed with smoking, overeating, alcohol consumption, and drug misuse. (nih.gov)
  • Addictive Behaviors Counseling is dedicated to assisting the residents of Glenwood Springs, Colorado and the surrounding areas to find full recovery after a period of struggling with drug and alcohol addiction. (drug-rehabs.org)
  • Addictive substances that are already in the home (such as tobacco or alcohol) also present a risk, especially if additional risk factors are present. (promises.com)
  • Korsmeyer, Pamela is the author of 'Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol and Addictive Behavior', published 2008 under ISBN 9780028660660 and ISBN 0028660668. (valorebooks.com)
  • Addiction to drugs or alcohol can cause major changes to the brain's circuitry that result in an addict's drug-seeking behavior. (drug-rehabs.com)
  • A follow-up to the 2001 award-winning moment variation, the Encyclopedia of substances, Alcohol, and Addictive habit, third version, will replace and extend upon the social, scientific, criminal, and political matters concerning medicines and alcohol and linked behaviors. (bikeforest.com)
  • because the Sixties, an important variety of musicians, actors, and different high-profile personalities have both by chance or deliberately overdosed from a mix of ENCYCLOPEDIA of gear, ALCOHOL & ADDICTIVE habit, third version DRUG interplay AND THE mind alcohol and different relevant worried procedure depressants. (bikeforest.com)
  • first from the Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior on August 18, 2016. (elysiahellerevents.com)
  • They would as come the 65th Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive of the analysis served probably. (elysiahellerevents.com)
  • This Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior 4 vol set (Encyclopedia of will be a greater atonement of heavenly Spirit in the looking website dream. (elysiahellerevents.com)
  • The author of numerous articles in the area of health behavior, his chief research focus is adolescent and young adult alcohol abuse. (sirsi.net)
  • A study appeared in the journal of Addictive Behaviors this month which had some interesting data worth sharing on alcohol mixed with energy drinks. (hopebythesea.com)
  • Alcohol myopia is a cognitive - physiological theory on alcohol abuse in which many of alcohol 's social and stress -reducing effects, which may underlie its addictive capacity, are explained as a consequence of alcohol's narrowing of perceptual and cognitive functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • By leading the brain to overreact to present cues and disregard the implications of one's actions, alcohol often provokes aggressive behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol consumption can result in a "Jekyll and Hyde" effect in individuals who are typically amiable when sober but are perhaps predisposed to aggressive behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] Additionally, alcohol has a dramatic connection to criminal behavior, rage, physical destruction, and sexual assault. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important to note, however, that alcohol myopia's effects on excessive behavior do not incite aggression in all drinkers. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 1994 study among South London prostitutes showed links between sexual behavior, severity of dependence, and use of heroin, alcohol but rarely, cocaine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American Journal of Health Education published a study looking at women's knowledge and beliefs about alcohol use and its risks during pregnancy, the role others play in influencing women's behaviors, and women's sources of health information to understand this issue. (cdc.gov)
  • In the second section, we focus on addictive behaviors, including tobacco (combustible and electronic), alcohol use and misuse, and cannabis. (utadeo.edu.co)
  • Addictive Behaviors Counseling and Prevention is a two-degree program: the Bachelor of Science degree and the Associate of Arts degree. (suno.edu)
  • As is true with the Bachelor's degree program, the academic program is designed to provide students with a thorough understanding of the knowledge, skills and attitudes (KSA's) of Addictive Behaviors Counseling and related fields. (suno.edu)
  • The goal of the Addictive Behaviors Counseling Program is to provide comprehensive, academic opportunities for students in a variety of practice arenas including those focused on prevention, treatment, and research. (suno.edu)
  • As such, Addictive Behaviors Counseling accommodates a wide collection of services in line with their belief of treatments that work - including Outpatient Drug Rehab, Intensive Outpatient Treatment and others. (drug-rehabs.org)
  • Addictive Behaviors Counseling also feels that it is of the upmost importance that every individual client gets highly personalized services to ensure their recovery. (drug-rehabs.org)
  • Lastly, Addictive Behaviors Counseling accepts Cash or Self-Payment, State Financed Health Insurance Plan Other Than Medicaid and more. (drug-rehabs.org)
  • Service Settings offered by Addictive Behaviors Counseling in Glenwood Springs, CO. (drug-rehabs.org)
  • Addictive Behaviors Counseling in Glenwood Springs has not yet provided their list of employees, please check back later. (drugnet.net)
  • Enlightening and practical, Addictions Counseling Today invites students into the heart of addictive thinking, offering first-person accounts of what it is like to experience different addictions. (sagepub.com)
  • Berthoz, S. 2018-01-01 00:00:00 There is now a large body of evidence suggesting a significant association between emotional discomfort management, disordered eating behaviors and weight status. (deepdyve.com)
  • In a rodent study published in The Journal of Neuroscience , scientists from NIDA's Intramural Research Program show that neural mechanisms that control appetitive aggressive behavior are similar to those that control drug-taking and seeking (relapse), suggesting common neurobiological mechanisms of aggression reward and drug reward. (drugabuse.gov)
  • Held together by contextual cognitive behavioral therapy as a unifying theme, perspectives discussed include acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), dialectic behavior therapy (DBT), mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP), motivational interviewing (MI), and metacognitive therapy (MCT), among others. (newharbinger.com)
  • BZT analogues, such as AHN-1055 and JHW 007, block cocaine-induced stimulant-induced locomotor stimulation, sensitization, reward and reinforcement, and can mitigate relapse to drug seeking behavior. (omicsonline.org)
  • Relapse also occurs because triggers to addictive behaviors are everywhere around the alcoholic, making the cravings difficult to push away. (crosswalk.com)
  • Cocaine is one of the most addictive substances known to man, and for good reason: By acting on levels of the "feel-good" chemical dopamine, it produces a tremendous sensation of euphoria. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Much like the cravings for other addictive substances, "a food craving begins with a cue," says Nicole Avena, PhD, a neuroscientist at the University of Florida in Gainesville. (oxygenmag.com)
  • Perhaps the most troubling similarity between addictive substances: recent research has shown that you may build up a tolerance to the effects of sugar over time. (oxygenmag.com)
  • Emerging evidence suggests that epigenetic alterations to the genome, including DNA methylation and histone modifications, are important mechanisms underlying addiction and the neurobiological response to addictive substances. (isharonline.org)
  • ICTPAB 2020 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Traditional Psychotherapy and Addictive Behaviors . (waset.org)
  • This is what drives them to be influencing factors with addictive behaviors, specifically opioid addiction and gambling. (elpasochiropractorblog.com)
  • The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior, 1-225. (pep-web.org)
  • Besides being the author of numerous scientific articles, Dr. Oleson is the Chair of the Department of Psychology and the Division of Behavior Medicine at the California Graduate Institute. (acupuncture.com)
  • Our work indicates that just the anticipation of receiving cocaine may cause significant increases in dopamine levels that may control drug-taking behaviors," said Carelli, associate professor of psychology. (hscareers.com)
  • Cognitive and affective bases of behavior are integrated so as to help students obtain an advanced knowledge base within the discipline of psychology, applying this understanding to the profession of clinical psychology. (calbaptist.edu)
  • All we knew was that we couldn't control our sexual behavior. (saa-recovery.org)
  • Powerlessness over addictive sexual behavior. (saa-recovery.org)
  • In Sex Addicts Anonymous we are a fellowship of men and women who share our experience, strength, and hope with each other for the purpose of finding freedom from addictive sexual behavior and helping others recover from sex addiction. (saa-recovery.org)
  • The only requirement for membership is a desire to stop addictive sexual behavior. (saa-recovery.org)
  • Our first duty is to help clients, regardless of the terminology chosen for their problematic sexual behavior. (sexualdiversity.org)
  • Within this special issue, leading researchers from a range of disciplines debate and challenge the assumption that free will is, in some sense, lost for those who develop addictive behaviours. (elsevier.com)
  • Within this special issue, international researchers in social identity debate and challenge whether social identity-based research is useful in understanding the development, maintenance and modification of addictive behavioural patterns. (elsevier.com)
  • Food addiction" has become a focus of interest for researchers attempting to explain certain processes and/or behaviors that may contribute to the development of obesity. (nih.gov)
  • Edited by Steven C. Hayes, a founder of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and a world renowned authority on mindfulness-based therapy, Mindfulness and Acceptance for Addictive Behaviors features chapters by leading substance abuse and addiction researchers. (newharbinger.com)
  • Steven C. Hayes and Michael E. Levin have put together a must-read for researchers, clinicians, and students of addictive behaviors and their treatment. (newharbinger.com)
  • aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Traditional Psychotherapy and Addictive Behaviors. (waset.org)
  • Dual Diagnosis & Addictive Behavior conference will assemble illustrious speakers, Researchers, Nobel laureates, Neurologists, and Psychiatry researchers from both academic and health care professionals will join this event to discuss their views and research. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Researchers from Queens University in Australia found that mice that were genetically predisposed to impulsive behavior were able to curb their impulsivity through training and repetition, according to the Kingston Herald. (drug-rehabs.com)
  • Researchers in the social sciences have been searching for a holy grail: an accurate way to predict who is likely to engage in problematic behavior, like using drugs. (newswise.com)
  • According to the researchers, these behaviors in lab rats are analogous to " depression -like" behaviors in humans. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Researchers believe that individuals with a record of binge eating may also present additional addiction-like behaviors. (psychcentral.com)
  • The characteristics of the REST experience that make it effective in treating addictions are discussed as follows: (1) the induction of a general relaxation response, (2) substance misusers find serenity and relief by nonchemical means, (3) internal refocusing to concentrate on personal problems, (4) disruption of habits through removal of trigger cues and response possibilities, (5) increased feelings of control over addictive behaviors, and (6) enhanced learning processes. (nih.gov)
  • Meditations for Addictive Behavior ' is full of positive habits you can incorporate into your daily life to replace the addictive ones that are jeopardizing your health and happiness. (mrsikhnet.com)
  • In the field of overweight and obesity, emotionally driven eating habits that resemble addictive behaviors are considered as a risk factor. (deepdyve.com)
  • However, not all teens reap these benefits-and in fact, for some teens, employment can lead to unwanted habits and behaviors. (rand.org)
  • He provided the rats with one of four dietary options in order to see if the rats that were given only limited access to fatty foods would develop more addiction-like behaviors than those who had free access to foods high in sugar and fat. (goodtherapy.org)
  • This is why it is specialized in a wide variety of treatment modalities, including Cognitive/behavior Therapy, Brief intervention approach, Contingency management/motivational incentive and others. (drug-rehabs.org)
  • The Mindfulness Workbook for Addiction offers readers an effective program for working through their addiction and grief with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). (johnreedbooks.com.au)
  • This is responsible for individuals having cognitive decline, anxiety, and addictive behaviors. (elpasochiropractorblog.com)
  • With all chapters extensively revised to reflect the expanding knowledge base in addictive behavior, the second edition incorporates recent advances in such areas as behavioral genetics, neuroscience, dual diagnosis, contingency management, cognitive expectancy, children of alcoholics, drug subcultures, and motivation enhancement. (sirsi.net)
  • I have written extensively about the link between the cognitive function of the cerebrum (up brain) and the powerful nature of the more primal cerebellum (down brain) to drive behavior and performance. (psychologytoday.com)
  • This course focuses on theoretical and empirical models of emotion, affect, and mood, including the various roles that emotional states play in human behavior, as well as higher order cognitive processes, such as memory, knowledge, learning, and thinking. (calbaptist.edu)
  • At its extreme, appetitive aggression can be highly rewarding and, like addictive drugs, nonhuman animals may pursue aggression despite the negative consequences associated with it. (drugabuse.gov)
  • Dopamine is known to increase in levels during addictive behaviors, such as eating, taking drugs or having sex. (hscareers.com)
  • It's a disease that can affect your brain and behavior, making it difficult to control your use of drugs. (healthline.com)
  • Some prescription drugs are more addictive than others. (healthline.com)
  • Most addictive drugs affect your brain's reward system by flooding it with dopamine. (healthline.com)
  • The socially reactive path includes behavioral willingness, descriptive normative perceptions, and favorable images of individuals who engage in health-risk behavior (prototype favorability) as important predictors of health behaviors. (medworm.com)
  • Addictions involving addictive behaviors are normally referred to as behavioral addictions. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a clinician or researcher in the field of mental health or addictions, this book will offer you powerful insight into how acceptance and mindfulness-based interventions are being successfully used to treat a variety of addictive behaviors, ranging from substance abuse to gambling addiction. (newharbinger.com)
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine, other alternative practitioners, and even traditional Western practices have had proven success using auricular acupuncture in the healing of addictions and addictive behaviors. (healthy.net)
  • That's probably because you can imagine what life would be like if you weren't constantly fighting cravings and repeating behaviors that leave you feeling hollow and sad. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • He is a Fellow in the American Academy of Health Behavior. (ecampus.com)
  • He is past president and Fellow of the American Academy of Health Behavior. (biggerbooks.com)
  • Helping teens overcome addictive behaviors by developing coping mechanisms and emotional skills can help prevent a lifetime of difficulty. (promises.com)
  • While there is good evidence that binge eating disorder (BED) is linked to higher-than-expected use of a broad range of addictive behaviors, mechanisms underlying this association are not well understood. (frontiersin.org)
  • It presents multiple perspectives on the causes and mechanisms of substance use problems, reviews their strengths and limitations, and examines their implications for helping people change their behavior. (biggerbooks.com)
  • In this review, we introduce the reader to epigenetic mechanisms and describe a potential role for dynamic epigenetic changes in mediating addictive behaviours via long-lasting changes in gene expression. (isharonline.org)
  • This very substantive book is refreshingly diverse in both theoretical perspectives and clinical contexts of varying addictive behaviors. (newharbinger.com)
  • As a forward-looking organization with experts across clinical and academic domains, SASH urges the diagnostic committees of both manuals to consider incorporating "diagnostic homes" for sufferers of problematic sexual behaviors. (sexualdiversity.org)
  • Seeking collaboration among clinical, educational, legal, policy, and research professionals, SASH advocates for further research and a multifactorial clinical approach to address problematic sexual behaviors, and sexual health in general. (sexualdiversity.org)
  • Appetitive aggressive behavior in humans refers to positive feelings being associated with committing violent behavior. (drugabuse.gov)
  • This book is written for people experiencing current grief and loss, including losing a loved one, the breakup of a relationship, a job loss, chronic health problems or illness, and other stressful life events that foster feelings of loss, who find themselves turning to addictive behaviors in order to cope. (johnreedbooks.com.au)
  • The Routledge Handbook of Social Work and Addictive Behaviors is a definitive resource about addictive behaviors, emphasizing substance misuse, gambling, and problematic technology use. (routledge.com)
  • SASH is a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting sexual health and addressing the escalating consequences of problematic sexual behaviors affecting individuals, families and communities. (sexualdiversity.org)
  • This study further emphasizes the necessity to take into account emotionally driven and addictive-like eating behaviors in interventions for promoting healthy eating and weight management. (deepdyve.com)
  • This course focuses on the biological bases of human behavior, exploring the structure and functioning of the brain, neurochemistry, hormones, genetic influences, and biological contributing factors to psychopathology. (calbaptist.edu)
  • Cats aren't known for their social behavior. (foxnews.com)
  • The brain regulates social behavior differently in males and females, according to a new study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (newswise.com)
  • As these same foods increase bingeing behavior in humans too! (goodtherapy.org)
  • The problem of addictive behaviors and unhealthy lifestyles spans all cultures and is becoming increasingly acute as globalization spreads. (mrsikhnet.com)
  • The implications of this study are that split-second dopamine changes are sufficient to influence drug-taking behavior," Phillips told UPI. (hscareers.com)
  • The role of triggers in our behavior. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Triggers to addictive behavior are everywhere. (crosswalk.com)
  • It triggers a reflex in the brain and affects the pituitary and pineal gland known to recalibrate addictive patterning. (3ho.org)
  • Dennis L. Thombs, PhD, FAAHB, is Associate Professor in the Department of Health Education and Behavior at the University of Florida. (ecampus.com)
  • Dr. Thombs is Managing Co-Editor of the American Journal of Health Behavior. (biggerbooks.com)
  • Using a mediation-analytical approach with three age- and gender-matched groups - overweight/obese adults with ( n = 42) and without ( n = 104) BED, and normal-weight control participants ( n = 73) - we tested the hypothesis that adults with BED would engage in more addictive behaviors and have higher scores on a personality-risk index than the two control groups. (frontiersin.org)
  • Contrary to expectation, BED participants did not engage in more addictive behaviors or have higher personality-risk scores than their weight-matched counterparts. (frontiersin.org)
  • Learn how certain medications used to treat Parkinson's disease can cause patients to engage in addictive behaviors, such as gambling and engaging in risky sexual activity. (thedoctorstv.com)
  • Soft drinks should carry tobacco-style warnings that sugar is highly addictive and dangerous, a senior Dutch health official has warned. (infowars.com)
  • Are emotionally driven and addictive-like eating behaviors the missing links between psychological distress and greater body weight? (deepdyve.com)
  • The current study was conducted to study the effect of physical or psychological prenatal stress on addictive and anxiety-like behavior of male and female offspring during their adolescence period (postnatal day (PND) 40). (tu-dortmund.de)
  • Offspring in both physical and psychological prenatal stress groups demonstrated significant increase in anxiety-like behavior in EPM paradigm, but no alterations were observed in motor and balance function of animals. (tu-dortmund.de)
  • Results of the current study demonstrated that animals exposed to psychological stress during fetal development are at a higher risk of developing addictive behaviors. (tu-dortmund.de)
  • Contains articles that describe a wide range of biological, psychological, and social approaches to researching and treating addictive behaviors. (boekhandeldouwes.nl)
  • This episode of "Retro Report on PBS" examines the addictive nature of social media and how it might be explained by psychological experiments from the 1950s, protests by black athletes, Wall Street's sexual harassment scandal of the 1990s, and Florida's growing snake problem. (films.com)
  • The aim of this invited article in Behaviour Research and Therapy is to offer a conceptual essay that discusses the potential psychological, addictive, and health behavior correlates/issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic from a behavioral science perspective. (utadeo.edu.co)
  • In the final section, we highlight sociocultural factors (e.g., race/ethnicity, economic adversity), developmental considerations, and the role of individual difference factors (e.g., transdiagnostic factors) for psychological, addictive, and health behavior and chronic illness. (utadeo.edu.co)
  • Restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST) is offered as a useful, flexible tool that can facilitate change in addictive variables at each level of complexity, from habitual acts through attitudes to self-concept and spirituality. (nih.gov)
  • In addiction, dopamine is released in the brain's reward system and is a motive for behavior (i.e. the compulsions that occur in addiction developing through positive reinforcement). (wikipedia.org)
  • All addictive behaviors possess common traits and that leads to core approaches that can provide relief. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • The first virtual special issue, on Free Will and Addictive Behaviours , is edited by Dr Antony Moss, Professor Roy Baumeister and me. (elsevier.com)
  • The second virtual special, on Social identity and Addictive Behaviours , is edited by Professor Ian Albery, Dr Daniel Frings, Dr Tegan Cruwys and Dr Genevieve Dingle. (elsevier.com)
  • Unlike drug addiction, aggressive behavior is an adaptive phenomenon that animals innately use for survival. (drugabuse.gov)
  • In this study, Sam Golden (the Shaham lab) and IRP colleagues found that one group of nervous system cells, dopamine receptor 1-expressing neurons in nucleus accumbens, act as a critical modulator of appetitive aggressive behavior. (drugabuse.gov)
  • The journal covers behavioral and psychosocial research concerning addictive behaviors in its widest sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study explored the psychosocial differences in the addictive tendency toward social networking sites (SNSs) between male and female Korean college students. (springer.com)
  • Addictive Behaviors Reports , an open-access journal for research in addictive behaviors. (elsevier.com)
  • Each article illuminates the mindfulness and acceptance-based treatments that work best for particular addictive behaviors, reviews empirical data, and discusses future directions for research and treatment applications. (newharbinger.com)
  • The scant research with flotation REST show it to be less effective in modifying behavior but more relaxing and pain alleviating than chamber REST. (nih.gov)
  • Also, high quality research contributions describing original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of Traditional Psychotherapy and Addictive Behaviors are cordially invited for presentation at the conference. (waset.org)
  • Therefore, research specialists were invited to provide concise reviews of addictive actions and behaviors as they particularly affect women. (docplayer.net)
  • In this study, we report on an approach to prevention that attempts to counteract peer influence by interrupting the process of deviant peer clustering, in which socially marginalized youth self-aggregate and reinforce delinquent behavior, including substance use. (medworm.com)
  • Abstract The Prototype Willingness Model is a dual-processing (i.e., intentional and socially reactive) health-risk behavior model. (medworm.com)
  • They did not show any reaction normally observed after cocaine treatment, such as drug sensitization, an increased effect of the drug following repeated doses or addictive behavior like seeking up places where the animal expects a cocaine reward or auto-administration of the drug. (eurekalert.org)
  • Successful treatment of addictive behaviors is difficult because of the complexity of relevant contributing variables. (nih.gov)
  • REST is a versatile, cost-effective treatment modality with demonstrated effectiveness in modifying some addictive behaviors and promising applications with others. (nih.gov)
  • Given that addictive behaviors may develop at a young age, treatment is recommended at an equally young age. (promises.com)
  • Images show increased neural activity in reward-related brain regions of mice during different aggressive behaviors. (drugabuse.gov)
  • These mice showed more activity in their frontal lobe of their brains, suggesting that behaviors that result from changes in the brain's wiring can be overcome. (drug-rehabs.com)
  • There is substantial evidence that traumatic experiences in childhood increase the likelihood of mood pathology and addictive behaviors in adolescence and young adulthood. (frontiersin.org)
  • Consideration of future consequences as a moderator of the willingness-behavior relationship for young adult marijuana use and consequences. (medworm.com)
  • We were addicted to sexual behaviors that we returned to over and over, despite the consequences. (saa-recovery.org)
  • Addictive Behaviors in Women is a unique collection of summaries of the effects of women's choices that produce various addictive behaviors and some of the consequences of these decisions. (docplayer.net)
  • These ACOA pioneers then bring to light these hidden behavior patterns-including impulsivity, misplaced loyalty, people pleasing, insecure parenting styles, and multiple compulsive and addictive behaviors-so that you can take a clear look at how you got to this point. (indigo.ca)
  • The brain then seeks this pleasure and creates a drive toward the compulsive behavior that becomes the addiction. (karenhorneyclinic.org)
  • Addictive Behaviors is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Elsevier. (wikipedia.org)
  • Addictive Behaviors : an International Journal [electronic resource]. (who.int)
  • Puhl found that when provided with cocaine , the MWF rats consumed more than any other rat group, with nearly 50% of them exhibiting addictive consumption behaviors. (goodtherapy.org)
  • Rats with acute cerebellar inflammation have reduced sociability, free-searching, and motivation indicating 'depression-like' behavior. (psychologytoday.com)
  • A new study from the Yale School of Public Health finds that such dependence is also associated with other addictive behaviors. (news-medical.net)
  • Importantly, the present study provides compelling evidence that fat is not addictive, but the way in which fat is consumed can promote long-term behavioral vulnerability to addiction-like behavior . (goodtherapy.org)
  • A new study published in Nature Neuroscience finds that social interactions can have a profound effect on behaviors related to addiction, and on the brain's response to drug-associated cues. (drugabuse.gov)
  • The milkshake study found that people who experienced the most addictive eating behaviors exhibited less activation in the reward regions of the brain that would help them stop eating," says Gearhardt. (oxygenmag.com)
  • The YSPH study is saying that tanning may also lead to "other addictive behaviors. (karenhorneyclinic.org)
  • As with any addictive substance, once the body becomes accustomed to the drug and the level of tolerance grows, more and more meth is necessary to produce the same result. (recovery.org)
  • In other words, both "nature" and "nurture" may play significant roles as risk factors for developing addictive behaviors. (promises.com)
  • Eric Dermot, who took part in the investigation, told the news source that impulsive behavior is one of the leading factors that contribute to addiction. (drug-rehabs.com)
  • Previous studies reported in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences have shown that impulsive behavior is linked to conditioned serotonin responses to pleasurable stimuli. (drug-rehabs.com)