Bedding and Linens: Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Insecticide-Treated Bednets: Lightweight meshwork fabric made of cotton, silk, polyester, nylon (polyamides), or other material impregnated with insecticide, having openings too small to allow entry of mosquitoes or other insects, thereby offering protection against insect bite and insect-borne diseases.Mosquito Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.Pyrethrins: The active insecticidal constituent of CHRYSANTHEMUM CINERARIIFOLIUM flowers. Pyrethrin I is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid and pyrethrin II is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemumdicarboxylic acid monomethyl ester.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.LaunderingMaintenance: The upkeep of property or equipment.Permethrin: A pyrethroid insecticide commonly used in the treatment of LICE INFESTATIONS and SCABIES.Mosquito Nets: Free-standing or supported lightweight meshwork fabric made of cotton, silk, polyester or other material, having openings too small to allow entry of mosquitoes or other insects, thereby protecting against INSECT BITES; INSECT STINGS, and insect-borne diseases.Insect Bites and Stings: Bites and stings inflicted by insects.Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane: An organochlorine insecticide that is slightly irritating to the skin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed, p482)Anopheles: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.Insect Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Insecticide Resistance: The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Tanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Culex: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) commonly found in tropical regions. Species of this genus are vectors for ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS as well as many other diseases of man and domestic and wild animals.Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Nitriles: Organic compounds containing the -CN radical. The concept is distinguished from CYANIDES, which denotes inorganic salts of HYDROGEN CYANIDE.AfricaMalaria, Vivax: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Anopheles gambiae: A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Senegal: A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.Chronology as Topic: The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Schools: Educational institutions.Hypochondriasis: Preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on the person's misinterpretation of bodily symptoms. (APA, DSM-IV)IndiaAntimalarials: Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)Sulfadoxine: A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.Pyrimethamine: One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.District of Columbia: A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.WashingtonRefugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Tennis: A game played by two or four players with rackets and an elastic ball on a level court divided by a low net.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
This data set was paired with the spatial data of bed net usage in order to determine correlation. Results showed that from ... Mosquito nets treated with insecticides-known as insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) or bednets-were developed in the 1980s for ... The distribution of mosquito nets or bednets impregnated with insecticides such as permethrin or deltamethrin has been shown to ... ISBN 0-9740820-2-3. "Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and ...
Healthcare in Rwanda
Charity Projects Entertainment Fund
Against Malaria Foundation
Freedom from Hunger
The program has been highly successful in encouraging the purchase and daily use of bednets and has been shown to demonstrably ... Through partnership with local manufacturers and distributors, women can buy the bednets for a highly subsidized price of ... The second component is the subsidized distribution of insecticide-treated bednets. ... for their families low-cost health products to support women's use of proven preventions such as insecticide-treated bednets ...
Efforts shifted from spraying to the use of bednets impregnated with insecticides and other interventions. By October 1945, DDT ... A study in the Solomon Islands found that "although impregnated bed nets cannot entirely replace DDT spraying without ... bednets or prompt access to anti-malarial drugs) varies and is dependent on local conditions. A WHO study released in January ... bednets and other methods intended to keep mosquitoes from biting humans; and vector control strategies such as larvaciding ...
Pedro L. Alonso
Imagine No Malaria
In another effort, the program distributed 5,000 bed nets in Nyadire, Zimbabwe. Nothing But Nets - An earlier anti-malaria ... In April 2010, in a coordinated effort with many different religious faiths and institutions, 25,000 bed nets were distributed ... as well as educating them about how to use their bed nets. The program provides education on malaria and information through ...
PermaNet bed nets were launched in 1999, LifeStraw was introduced in 2005 and ZeroFly entered the market in 2012. The company ... Vestergaard has been a member of the UN Global Compact since 2008 and initiated, then participated in the Bed Net Industry ... "Improving Global Bed Net Procurement: Stakeholder Action Proposal" (PDF). Global Business Coalition. 2009. Retrieved 4 January ... Vestergaard is the largest producer of insecticide-treated bed nets and has distributed over half a billion nets worldwide. ...
The relative effectiveness of IRS versus other malaria control techniques (e.g. bednets or prompt access to anti-malarial drugs ... A study in the Solomon Islands found that "although impregnated bed nets cannot entirely replace DDT spraying without ... bednets and other methods intended to keep mosquitoes from biting humans; and vector control strategies such as ... Efforts shifted from spraying to the use of bednets impregnated with insecticides and other interventions. ...
Spread the Net
The first order for 33,000 bed nets was made on March 28, 2007. By December 2011, Spread the Net achieved its founding goal; ... A partnership with UNICEF Canada has allowed Spread the Net to achieve the goal of distributing 500,000 insecticide-treated bed nets ... "Belinda Stronach and Rick Mercer launch anti-malarial bednet campaign:"Spread the Net" with UNICEF Canada" (Press release). ... "UNICEF: Spread the Net Announces First Purchase of 33,000 Anti- Malarial Bed Nets for Liberia Liberian President applauds ...
Loa loa filariasis
Healthcare in Nicaragua
Usage of bed-nets protecting against mosquitos have been reported to be 25.3% amongst all Nicaraguan households. Within these ... 1997). "Operational aspects of bednet impregnation for community-based malaria control in NIcaragua, Ecuador, Peru, and ... households, it was found that children were more often protected than adults with 46% of bed-net coverage of infants under 1 ...
Eradication of infectious diseases
International non-governmental organization
"A long-lasting insecticide-treated bed net costs an average of $5", so assuming the bed net lasts one year, saving one child's ... For example, Singer gives an example of INGOs giving out bed nets, saying: "They will, if used properly, prevent people from ... p.86). http://www.cdcfoundation.org/bednets Ebrahim, A.: 2003, 'Accountability in Practice: Mechanisms for NGOs', World ...
The Flowers Foundations
NetsforLife distributes insecticide-treated anti-malaria bednets in remote areas in Africa, typically in partnership with the ... which also distributes anti-malaria bednets, in this case in Angola, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. As of December 2014, the ... reaching over 25 million people and distributing over 12 million anti-malaria bednets. In 2010, the Foundations launched the ...
West Nile fever
Mass drug administration
In 1984, MDA was added to the distribution of insecticide-impregnated bed nets (ITNs) in Sabah (Malaysia), but this failed to ... October 1987). "The influence of permethrin-impregnated bednets and mass drug administration on the incidence of Plasmodium ... Starting in September 1991, three malaria-control activities were employed - permethrin-impregnated bednets, larvivorous fish ... Malaria eliminated from a small island by 9-week mass drug administration and impregnated bednets. Jpn. J. Parasitol. 43 (5), ...
Impact of permethrin-treated bednets on malaria transmission by the Anopheles gambiae complex in The Gambia. - Semantic Scholar
No mosquitoes were found under permethrin-treated bednets compared with eighty-one recovered from placebo-treated bednets. ... compared with 1.9 where placebo-treated bednets were used. Permethrin-treated bednets are therefore recommended as a means of ... All inhabitants were given bednets treated either with a placebo (milk) in two hamlets or with the pyrethroid insecticide ... Mosquitoes exited more readily from rooms where permethrin-treated bednets were used than from rooms with placebo-treated nets ...
Pyrethroid resistance in a major African malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis from Mamfene, northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Uganda, Bushenyi: Bednet distributions - YouTube
There was a bednet demonstration and malaria information session covering what the nets are, why they are needed and how to use ... Ghana, Navro-Pungu II, Navrongo: Bednet distributions - Duration: 2:36. AgainstMalaria 710 views ... Uganda, Kampala West/Pader 2: Bednet distributions - Duration: 2:00. AgainstMalaria 856 views ... Uganda, Rushooka, Mbarara District: Bednet distribution - Duration: 1:45. AgainstMalaria 1,632 views ...
Distribution of Insecticide-Treated Bednets During a Polio Immunization Campaign --- Niger, 2005
... conducted in the rest of the country to distribute bednets to mothers who had received vouchers but not a bednet in December. ... Nonetheless, bednet usage was higher in Togo (43.5%) than in Niger (15.4%) during the dry season (7,8). Unlike in Togo, which ... After the campaign, bednet usage was low; respondents in 20.3% of all households reported they had hung an ITN the preceding ... The most common reasons cited by the remaining 30.7% for not receiving an ITN were that no more bednets were available at the ...
Barrier bednets target malaria vectors and expand the range of usable insecticides | Nature Microbiology
... pyrethroid bednets with organophosphate barriers achieved significantly higher killing rates than bednets alone. Treated ... The addition of a small net barrier above a standard bednet targets malaria vectors and-as these barriers are further distanced ... Barrier bednets that overcome insecticide resistance are feasible using existing insecticides and production technology, and ... In Africa, where malaria burden is highest, bednets treated with pyrethroid insecticide were highly effective in preventing ...
Drug-treated Bed Nets to Slow Down Malaria
Low-tech mosquito bed nets which physically block mosquito biting and usage of deadly insecticides to kill the mosquitoes were ... "The population in sub-Saharan Africa is accustomed to bed nets and already uses them," Childs said. "There are a lot of reasons ... They found that mosquitoes that sat on the surfaces for six minutes -- a typical resting time on bed nets -- would absorb the ... How did they get the medicine into the mosquitoes? The researchers covered the bed nets with it. Childs contribution to the ...
Bed Nets for Children | CDC Foundation
Bed Nets for Children. Bed Nets for Children To help CDC teams to purchase and distribute insecticide-treated bed nets to ... What is an insecticide-treated bed net?. A bed net is a net that hangs above a sleeping space, usually a bed or matt, and ... The CDC Foundations Bed Nets for Children Program provides insecticide-treated bed nets to CDC-affiliated programs. ... most children do not sleep under a bed net. A long-lasting insecticide-treated bed net costs an average of $5 and protects up ...
CDC - Malaria - Malaria Worldwide - How Can Malaria Cases and Deaths Be Reduced? - Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets
Bed nets form a protective barrier around people sleeping under them. However, bed nets treated with an insecticide are much ... Insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) are a form of personal protection that has been shown to reduce malaria illness, severe ... Insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) are a major intervention for malaria control. Photo credit: Maggie Hallahan Photography ... When this happens, all members of the community are protected, regardless of whether or not they are using a bed net. To ...
Choose bed nets over insecticide to tackle malaria: study | Reuters
"High bed net use is sufficient to protect people against malaria in areas that have low or moderate levels of malaria," lead ... Last year almost half of people at risk of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa had access to bed nets, compared to just three percent ... Where bed nets are unavailable or in short supply, indoor insecticide spraying should be considered, it said. ... A study by medical journal The Lancet said donors should invest their limited resources on additional bed nets as the most cost ...
Atovaquone Applied Onto The Bed Nets Could Stop Malaria Transmission
The results show us that treating bed nets with atovaquone or similar compounds would be an effective way to reduce the burden ... "When we put these data into a mathematical model using real-world data on insecticide resistance, bed net coverage and malaria ... The findings indicate that treating bed nets with atovaquone or similar compounds would be an effective way to reduce the ... Its estimated that such bed nets are responsible for 68% of all malaria cases averted since 2000. Recent years, however, have ...
UNICEF - Media Centre - Senegal child survival days: mobilizing children to bring their bednets for treatment
1 Besides the 0.70 USD per bed net that was spent on the product to treat the bed nets, 46.000 USD was spent to finance, the ... All bed nets brought to school would be treated with insecticide to better protect against malaria. Treating bed nets with ... All students brought their bed nets in plastic bags. For treatment of the bed nets he made the boys and girls stand in one line ... de-worming tablets and their bed nets will be treated with insectide. On this Sunday, bed nets will be treated in every single ...
Maternal Attitudes about Objectively Monitored Bednet Use in Rural Uganda
Blanket bednet coverage best, say researchers - SciDev.Net South Asia
Carter Center Peace and Health Feature Stories - Malaria Program Distributes Bed Nets in Ethiopia
Home News & Events Real Lives, Real Change Health New Malaria Program Blankets Areas of Ethiopia with Bed Nets ... In Ethiopia, The Carter Center has purchased 3 million bed nets, and in the zone where Tesfayes village of Afeta is located, ... The infected mosquitoes that transmit malaria bite only at night, which is why bed nets are crucial for preventing the disease ... The Carter Center has launched a program to combat malaria by distributing long-lasting insecticidal bed nets free of charge to ...
The 25th Anniversary of World AIDS Day: How Water Filters and Bed Nets Can Help Fight HIV | HuffPost
The combined interventions of clean water and bed nets provided a protective effect to the immune system (specifically the CD4 ... The 25th Anniversary of World AIDS Day: How Water Filters and Bed Nets Can Help Fight HIV. ... The 25th Anniversary of World AIDS Day: How Water Filters and Bed Nets Can Help Fight HIV ... and anti-malarial bed net coverage. Keeping in mind that many HIV testing campaigns will achieve testing rates around 30 ...
Free Malaria Bednets | Innovations for Poverty Action
Today, PSIs bednet delivery strategies include routine facility-based delivery, mass free distribution for rapid scale-up and ... To test whether it is preferable to freely distribute bednets or require a co-payment by recipients, in 2006 Jessica Cohen and ... Governments and organizations have reconsidered their policies to charge for bednets in recent years in response to evidence ... ITNs or bednets) is the most viable way to prevent and control malaria. Yet ITN coverage is woefully low among the most ...
Bednets from Canadian 'Spread the Net' campaign to tackle malaria in Liberia | At a glance: Canada | UNICEF
... to cover Africa in blue bednets and stop death by malaria. A recent announcement by UNICEF Canada unveiled an important ... Bednets are a very tangible tool to protect children," says UNICEF Canada President and CEO Nigel Fisher. "Canadians also hate ... Many families who will receive the nets - which are to be provided to them at no cost - have probably not used a bednet before ... The funds raised through Spread the Net will be used not only for the purchase of bednets but also for net distribution and ...
Sustainability of pyrethroid-impregnated bednets for malaria control in Afghan communities M. Rowland ... [et al.]
GHO | By indicator | Households that have a bednet for sleeping (%) (Urban health)
Data table: Households with bed nets Data by country (view.main.vEQHOUSENETSTOTv) *Data table: Households with bed nets Data by ... Data table: Households with bed nets Data by residence (view.main.vEQHOUSENETSRESv) *Data table: Households with bed nets Data ... Households that have a bednet for sleeping (%) (Urban health). This indicator is available in the following set of views in the ...
Optimal treated mosquito bed nets and insecticides for eradication of malaria in Missira
Optimal treated mosquito bed nets and insecticides for eradication of malaria in Missira. Bassidy Dembele 1, and Abdul-Aziz ... Keywords: Missira., malaria, Bed nets, insecticide. Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 34C60; Secondary: 34C25, 34D23 ... Optimal treated mosquito bed nets and insecticides for eradication of malaria in Missira. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical ...
5-year WHO investigation: Treated bed nets still fending off malaria in Africa and India | EurekAlert! Science News
5-year WHO investigation: Treated bed nets still fending off malaria in Africa and India But new and improved mosquito control ... ATLANTA (16 November 2016)-- Bed nets treated with a safe chemical killer still provide significant protection from malaria- ... 5-year WHO investigation: Treated bed nets still fending off malaria in Africa and India. Burness ... researchers found that spraying the walls of homes with an insecticide that is different from what is used in bed nets reduced ...
Adaptive introgression in an African malaria mosquito coincident with the increased usage of insecticide-treated bed nets | PNAS
In this case, introgression was coincident with the start of a major insecticide-treated bed net distribution campaign in Mali ... 2010) Rapid scaling up of insecticide-treated bed net coverage in Africa and its relationship with development assistance for ... Adaptive introgression in an African malaria mosquito coincident with the increased usage of insecticide-treated bed nets. ... This introgression was coincident with the start of a major insecticide-treated bed net campaigns in Mali. These observations ...
UNC study: Insecticide-treated bed nets reduce infant deaths in Democratic Republic of Congo - ScienceBlog.com
The bed nets cost about $6 each. When costs for transporting and distributing the nets and educating people how to use them are ... "The goal of this study," Becker-Dreps said, "was to find out the costs and impact of giving bed nets to pregnant women in ... UNC study: Insecticide-treated bed nets reduce infant deaths in Democratic Republic of Congo. September 2, 2009. ScienceBlog. ... They concluded that bed net distribution is a cost-effective addition to prenatal services in the region. ...
Micro-Loans, Insecticide-Treated Bednets and Malaria: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Orissa (India)
... insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs), through micro-consumer loans, as compared to free distribution and control conditions. ... "Micro-loans, Insecticide-Treated Bednets and Malaria:Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Orissa (India)," Working ... "Micro-Loans, Insecticide-Treated Bednets and Malaria: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Orissa (India)," Working ... "Micro-loans, Insecticide-Treated Bednets and Malaria:Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Orissa (India)," Working ...
A Stitch in Time May Save Lives: Turning Poor Bednets Into Good Ones - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
A Stitch in Time May Save Lives: Turning Poor Bednets Into Good Ones. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Lomas H, Panter-Brick C, Clarke S, Lindsay S, Pinder M & Walraven G. (2004). A community intervention to repair bed nets for ... Recent studies in The Gambia and Kenya have shown that untreated bednets in good condition can also protect against malaria (51 ... Number of bednets repaired (pre- vs post intervention) [ Time Frame: November 2003 ] ...
Bednets and preventative treatment reduce malaria infection in children - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
Case study 2: Reducing deaths with bednets | PATH's Malaria Vaccine Initiative
Reducing deaths with bednets Case study 3: Two approaches to managing fever, a symptom shared by three diseases-malaria, ... Costs for the bednets and the insecticides became a concern. People could not afford them, so how could their provision free of ... Bednet use and associated factors in a rice farming community in Central Kenya. Malaria Journal. 2009;8(64). Available at: ... Today, bednets are attributed with saving millions of lives. Since 2000, 663 million cases of malaria have been prevented due ...
Washington, DC Community Leaders Commit to Send 10,000 Anti-Malarial Bed Nets to Refugees... ( ...
"In Uganda, where I helped distribute nets to refugees, I saw first-hand how these life-saving bed nets provide hope to parents ... To date, Nothing But Nets has successfully distributed more than 275,000 bed nets to cover families in Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya ... It costs just $10 to provide a long-lasting insecticide-treated bed net to prevent this deadly disease. Visit www. ... One bed net can protect a family of four for up to five years. ... DC Community Leaders Commit to Send 10,000 Anti-Malarial Bed Nets ...
Boondoggle Mosquito Net the ITN : Insecticide-treated bed nets
Low Utilization of Insecticide-Treated Bed Net among Pregnant Women in the Middle Belt of Ghana
... Grace Manu, Ellen Abrafi ... A. Lover, B. Sutton, A. Asy, and A. Wilder-Smith, "An exploratory study of treated-bed nets in Timor-Leste: patterns of ... E. Ricotta, H. Koenker, A. Kilian, and M. Lynch, "Are pregnant women prioritized for bed nets? An assessment using survey data ... A. R. Sexton, "Best practices for an insecticide-treated bed net distribution programme in sub-Saharan eastern Africa," Malaria ...
Permethrin-treatedITNsLong-lasting insecticide-treatedNetsEfficacyMosquitoHouseholdsMorbidityBurkina FasoCurtainsMosquitoesUNICEFProgrammeInterventionAfricaBehaviourDistributeMortalityInhabitantsSleptViableBarriersEffectivelyFactorsSignificantlyEffectCoverageLaboratoryPreventEvidenceChildrenFreeInsectsDistributionTransmissionTrialSearchMillionProvideHealthEffectiveVillages
- 1 Public health experts and officials have long agreed that prevention through widespread use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs or bednets) is the most viable way to prevent and control malaria. (poverty-action.org)
- We describe findings from the first large-scale cluster randomized controlled trial in a developing country context that evaluates the uptake of a health-protecting technology, insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs), through micro-consumer loans, as compared to free distribution and control conditions. (repec.org)
- All three trials separately found that the chances becoming infected with malaria were reduced by up to 85 per cent when intermittent preventive treatment in children (IPTc) was combined with the use of insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs), the main tool currently used to protect people against malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. (healthcanal.com)
- Insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs) effectively prevent malaria, however, barriers to their use have been identified. (cochrane.org)
- Use of insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs) is an important preventive intervention. (healthallianceinternational.org)
- Many studies have shown that daily use of insecticide treated bednets (ITNs) by a large proportion of households can greatly reduce malaria morbidity, and related deaths. (berkeley.edu)
- Researchers tested whether using microloans to help poor households purchase ITNs was more or less effective than distributing them for free in terms of increasing bednet ownership and usage. (berkeley.edu)
- Mosquito nets treated with insecticides-known as insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) or bednets-were developed in the 1980s for malaria prevention. (wikipedia.org)
- To that end, Spread the Net and UNICEF Canada have purchased 33,000 long-lasting, insecticide-treated bednets for distribution by UNICEF to children and pregnant women in Liberia. (unicef.org)
- The campaign will distribute 33,000 long-lasting, insecticide-treated bednets to children and pregnant women in her country. (unicef.org)
- ABSTRACT A large-scale intervention field trial of the effect of Olyset® long-lasting insecticide-treated bednets on transmission of cutaneous leishmaniasis was carried out in 2 cities in the Islamic Republic of Iran from October 2003 to July 2005. (who.int)
- There was a bednet demonstration and malaria information session covering what the nets are, why they are needed and how to use them. (youtube.com)
- Mathematical modelling of transmission dynamics predicted reductions in clinical malaria incidence with barrier bednets that matched those of 'next-generation' nets recommended by the World Health Organization against resistant vectors. (nature.com)
- Many families who will receive the nets - which are to be provided to them at no cost - have probably not used a bednet before. (unicef.org)
- This pilot study examines whether subsistence farmers in rural Africa can be encouraged to repair their mosquito nets and use their bednets appropriately. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Helping people understand the value of the bednets was a first critical challenge, 5,6 which included motivating them to get the nets, care for them, and use them. (malariavaccine.org)
- At the end of five months, overall bednet use was 73% and 83% of the nets had the correct amount of insecticide. (malariavaccine.org)
- Here is a mosquito net drying on the clothesline, generally the mosquito nets or bednets impregnated with insecticides such as permethrin or deltamethrin just do not work, are more expensive, less used, and sort a Boondoggle to make money for someone. (hobotraveler.com)
- Use of insecticide-treated bed nets refers to the percentage of children under age five who slept under an insecticide-treated bednet to prevent malaria. (tradingeconomics.com)
- During the May 2017 integrated health campaign known as the 'Mami en pikin welbodi week', which aims to prevent illness and deaths among children under the age of five, the Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MoHS) aimed to distribute 4.3 million long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets (LLINs) to all households in the country. (rapidpro.io)
- The distribution of mosquito nets or bednets impregnated with insecticides such as permethrin or deltamethrin has been shown to be an extremely effective method of malaria prevention. (wikipedia.org)
- Fig. 2: Summary of efficacy estimates of different bednet-barrier combinations and comparison with estimates for PBO bednets at high pyrethroid resistance. (nature.com)
- Yet, ITN adoption remains low and regular re-treatment with insecticide, which is critical to bednets' efficacy, is rare. (berkeley.edu)
- To evaluate the efficacy of deltamethrin-impregnated bednets in malaria control and in reducing the biting nuisance caused by Anopheles sacharovi, field trials were carried out in an endemic area of malaria in the surrounding rural settlements of Sanliurfa City, SE Anatolia, Turkey. (hacettepe.edu.tr)
- Its aim was to examine the monthly and annual efficacy of such bednets in controlling malaria and to compare the effect of impregnated bednets (IB) with non-impregnated bednets (NIB). (hacettepe.edu.tr)
- Most of the studies on insecticide impregnated bednets efficacy in malaria control have been undertaken in areas where mosquitoes are pyrethroid susceptible. (lstmed.ac.uk)
- The efficacy of pyrethroid-treated bednets was not compromised even when mosquitoes were kdr resistant. (lstmed.ac.uk)
- Metabolic and kdr-resistance mechanisms in Anopheles stephensi were characterised in our previous study and this easily colonised species was used as a model to examine the efficacy of pyrethroid-treated bednets in the laboratory. (lstmed.ac.uk)
- These data show that when mosquitoes have both kdr-type and metabolic resistance mechanisms, the efficacy of pyrethroid-treated bednets is questionable. (lstmed.ac.uk)
- In Africa, where malaria burden is highest, bednets treated with pyrethroid insecticide were highly effective in preventing mosquito bites and reducing transmission, and essential to achieving unprecedented reductions in malaria until 2015 (ref. 1 ). (nature.com)
- Here, we show that the primary malaria vector Anopheles gambiae is targeted and killed by small insecticidal net barriers positioned above a standard bednet in a spatial region of high mosquito activity but zero contact with sleepers, opening the way for deploying many more insecticides on bednets than is currently possible. (nature.com)
- In 1999, the United Nations Children's Fund and World Health Organization set the goal of providing 32 million bednets and 320 million bednet treatments per year for the following ten years to protect 80% of African households against malaria. (malariavaccine.org)
- Results: Primary outcome: An end-of-project household survey revealed that 40.8% of households owned one or more bednets, but only 19.6% of households owned a net that had been re-treated with insecticide within the preceding 6 months. (healthallianceinternational.org)
- Recent evaluations have shown that distributing bednets for free can substantially increase take-up , and even make households more likely to buy a bednet in the future , but that charging even very small user fees significantly reduces adoption. (berkeley.edu)
- One potential solution could be to provide households with small loans to purchase bednets, which could be paid back in small installments without a large one-time cost. (berkeley.edu)
- Two thirds of households had a bednet at the time of the intervention, almost all of which had been purchased in local markets. (berkeley.edu)
- But bednet coverage was far from universal, as households had an average of one net for every three people and only about 13 percent of individuals slept under a net the previous night at the time of the baseline survey. (berkeley.edu)
- Our preliminary results indicate that in Kenya roughly 1 in 4 children under 5, the group most vulnerable to malaria, live in households that do not own a bednet. (arizona.edu)
- Insecticide-treated bednets reduce mortality and severe morbidity from malaria among children on the Kenyan coast. (ajtmh.org)
- However, because of possible interactions with immunity development, treated bednets may cause no effect at all or even an increase in malaria morbidity and mortality in areas of high transmission. (coursehero.com)
- 2011), Malaria morbidity and pyrethroid resistance after the introduction of insecticide-treated bednets and artemisinin-based combination therapies: a longitudinal study, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, published online August 18th. (malaria.com)
- Bednets, diagnostic tests, cheap treatment, reliable drugs - key elements of eliminating malaria and reducing mortality and morbidity rates - are "turbocharged" through the use of mobile phones. (undispatch.com)
- Tested against wild pyrethroid-resistant A. gambiae in Burkina Faso, pyrethroid bednets with organophosphate barriers achieved significantly higher killing rates than bednets alone. (nature.com)
- Fig. 3: Behaviour at barrier bednets of A. gambiae s. l. laboratory colonies and wild population in Burkina Faso. (nature.com)
- Methods A total of 3387 neonates from 41 villages in rural Burkina Faso were individually randomized to receive either bednet protection from birth (group A) or from age 6 months (group B). Primary outcomes were all-cause mortality in all study children and incidence of falciparum malaria in a representative subsample of the study population. (coursehero.com)
- February 2006, 84 (2) Objective Insecticide-impregnated bednets and curtains have been shown by many studies to be effective against malaria. (coursehero.com)
- Introduction Insecticide-impregnated bednets and curtains have consistently been shown to be effective in reducing malaria morbid- ity and all-cause mortality in children in various malaria endemic areas. (coursehero.com)
- Because treated bednets and curtains prevent children from being bitten by mosquitos, a Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, Ruprecht-Karls-University Heidelberg, INF 324, 69124 Heidelberg, Germany. (coursehero.com)
- Lengeler C: Insecticide-treated bednets and curtains for preventing malaria. (springermedizin.de)
- The bednets are dipped in insecticide, a chemical that kills or repels mosquitoes and effectively prevent malaria. (cochrane.org)
- Bednets are temporary, protect only against anopheline mosquitoes which bite at night, and are used only about one-third of the time. (malariaworld.org)
- Bioassays performed on DUB-S mosquitoes using different pyrethroid-treated bednets showed that only deltamethrin at 25 mg/m(2) and alpha-cypermethrin at 40 mg/m(2) produced adequate mortality rates. (lstmed.ac.uk)
- In both cities a statistically significant reduction was found in the incidence of new cases in intervention sectors who received bednets compared with control areas. (who.int)
- An intervention field trial promoting the use of K-OTAB (deltamethrin-tablet formulation) impregnated bednets by local inhabitants of four villages was performed between July 2000 and July 2001. (hacettepe.edu.tr)
- At the same time, a 'mop-up' campaign was conducted in the rest of the country to distribute bednets to mothers who had received vouchers but not a bednet in December. (cdc.gov)
- To test whether it is preferable to freely distribute bednets or require a co-payment by recipients, in 2006 Jessica Cohen and Pascaline Dupas, founders of TAMTAM, put their approach to a rigorous test. (poverty-action.org)
- So an accurate cost-effectiveness comparison between screens and temporary bednets should include all of these other factors. (malariaworld.org)
- The objective of the following proposal is to use qualitative and quantitative methods to determine the prevalence ofownership, misuse and disuse of bednets under field conditions and to identify modifiable risk factors. (arizona.edu)
- We will use an ecological approach to assess not only individual level factors that drive bednet ownership and use but the social and environmental context in which these decisions are being made. (arizona.edu)
- From the cross-sectional participants we will identify positive deviants, community members who own and use bednets regularly despite experiencing at least 75% of the factors associated with not owning or using a bednet. (arizona.edu)
- Bednet ownership was significantly associated with higher socio-economic status (odds ratios for association with bednet ownership: 5.6 for highest educational level compared with no education, 0.4 for dirt floor compared with cement or other finished flooring, 2.1 for automobile ownership compared with transportation on foot), but was negatively associated with the presence of young children in the household (odds ratio 0.5). (healthallianceinternational.org)
- Since 2000, 663 million cases of malaria have been prevented due to the combined effect of all approaches, with bednets contributing to 68% of the impact. (malariavaccine.org)
- Researchers in the Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of the effect of different strategies to increase people's ownership and use of insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria. (cochrane.org)
- A possible side effect when providing free or subsidized insecticide-treated bednets may be that the governments and institutions who pay for the bednets take this money from other priority issues. (cochrane.org)
- Effect of insecticide-treated bednets fo. (hacettepe.edu.tr)
- Governments and organizations have reconsidered their policies to charge for bednets in recent years in response to evidence that even small fees reduce coverage. (poverty-action.org)
- Service: Worked with community to identify strategy to disseminate bednets that would provide equitable coverage for the area. (arizona.edu)
- Field workers marked the thumbnails of mothers whose children had been vaccinated and provided the mothers with vouchers for a free bednet. (cdc.gov)
- Spread the Net will raise funds in Canada for the purchase of insecticide-treated bednets for children under the age of five and pregnant women in both Liberia and Rwanda. (unicef.org)
- May increase the number of adults and children under five using bednets (sleeping under bednets). (cochrane.org)
- Insecticide-treated bednets fit over a bed and act as a barrier between insects and the person sleeping. (cochrane.org)
- I use bednets when I camp out for a short time in areas where malaria transmission is intense, but I would never ask my family to live in a house in the tropics where their only protection against blood-sucking insects were a bunch of temporary bednets. (malariaworld.org)
- At the same time, in a trial run, bednets were distributed to selected areas before the full-scale distribution began. (cdc.gov)
- During ITN distribution, field staff members and clinic health workers promoted bednet usage. (cdc.gov)
- The funds raised through Spread the Net will be used not only for the purchase of bednets but also for net distribution and education on their use. (unicef.org)