Beak: In some animals, the jaws together with their horny covering. The beak usually refers to the bill of birds in which the whole varies greatly in form according of the food and habits of the bird. While the beak refers most commonly to birds, the anatomical counterpart is found also in the turtle, squid, and octopus. (From Webster, 3d ed & Storer, et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p491, 755)Aerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Ferrosoferric Oxide: Iron (II,III) oxide (Fe3O4). It is a black ore of IRON that forms opaque crystals and exerts strong magnetism.Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Myoporum: A plant genus of the family MYOPORACEAE. Members contain dehydrongaione, deisopropylngaione, dehydromyodesmone and other furanoid sesquiterpene essential oils. It is the source of Ngaio oil and ngaione.Hawaii: A group of islands in Polynesia, in the north central Pacific Ocean, comprising eight major and 114 minor islands, largely volcanic and coral. Its capital is Honolulu. It was first reached by Polynesians about 500 A.D. It was discovered and named the Sandwich Islands in 1778 by Captain Cook. The islands were united under the rule of King Kamehameha 1795-1819 and requested annexation to the United States in 1893 when a provisional government was set up. Hawaii was established as a territory in 1900 and admitted as a state in 1959. The name is from the Polynesian Owhyhii, place of the gods, with reference to the two volcanoes Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa, regarded as the abode of the gods. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p493 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p2330)Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Psittaciformes: An order of BIRDS comprised of several families and more than 300 species. It includes COCKATOOS; PARROTS; PARAKEETS; macaws; and BUDGERIGARS.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Whales: Large marine mammals of the order CETACEA. In the past, they were commercially valued for whale oil, for their flesh as human food and in ANIMAL FEED and FERTILIZERS, and for baleen. Today, there is a moratorium on most commercial whaling, as all species are either listed as endangered or threatened.Embolism, Fat: Blocking of a blood vessel by fat deposits in the circulation. It is often seen after fractures of large bones or after administration of CORTICOSTEROIDS.Decompression Sickness: A condition occurring as a result of exposure to a rapid fall in ambient pressure. Gases, nitrogen in particular, come out of solution and form bubbles in body fluid and blood. These gas bubbles accumulate in joint spaces and the peripheral circulation impairing tissue oxygenation causing disorientation, severe pain, and potentially death.Diving: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.Whales, Pilot: The genus Globicephala, in the family Delphinidae, consisting of two species of DOLPHINS. They are mostly black with a stocky shape and bulbous foreheads.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Arcanobacterium: A genus of facultatively anaerobic, gram-positive bacteria in the family ACTINOMYCETACEAE, order ACTINOMYCETALES. They are obligate parasites of the PHARYNX in humans and farm animals.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Genetic Code: The meaning ascribed to the BASE SEQUENCE with respect to how it is translated into AMINO ACID SEQUENCE. The start, stop, and order of amino acids of a protein is specified by consecutive triplets of nucleotides called codons (CODON).Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Cockatoos: Large crested BIRDS in the family Cacatuidae, found in Australia, New Guinea, and islands adjacent to the Philippines. The cockatiel (species Nymphicus hollandicus) is much smaller.Feathers: Flat keratinous structures found on the skin surface of birds. Feathers are made partly of a hollow shaft fringed with barbs. They constitute the plumage.Finches: Common name for small PASSERIFORMES in the family Fringillidae. They have a short stout bill (BEAK) adapted for crushing SEEDS. Some species of Old World finches are called CANARIES.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Tetraodontiformes: A small order of primarily marine fish containing 340 species. Most have a rotund or box-like shape. TETRODOTOXIN is found in their liver and ovaries.Cephalopoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SQUID; CUTTLEFISH; OCTOPUS; and NAUTILUS. These marine animals are the most highly organized of all the mollusks.TurtlesCourtship: Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.MonotremataElapidae: A family of extremely venomous snakes, comprising coral snakes, cobras, mambas, kraits, and sea snakes. They are widely distributed, being found in the southern United States, South America, Africa, southern Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. The elapids include three subfamilies: Elapinae, Hydrophiinae, and Lauticaudinae. Like the viperids, they have venom fangs in the front part of the upper jaw. The mambas of Africa are the most dangerous of all snakes by virtue of their size, speed, and highly toxic venom. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, p329-33)Snakes: Limbless REPTILES of the suborder Serpentes.Erabutoxins: Toxins isolated from the venom of Laticauda semifasciata, a sea snake (Hydrophid); immunogenic, basic polypeptides of 62 amino acids, folded by four disulfide bonds, block neuromuscular end-plates irreversibly, thus causing paralysis and severe muscle damage; they are similar to Elapid neurotoxins.Elapid Venoms: Venoms from snakes of the family Elapidae, including cobras, kraits, mambas, coral, tiger, and Australian snakes. The venoms contain polypeptide toxins of various kinds, cytolytic, hemolytic, and neurotoxic factors, but fewer enzymes than viper or crotalid venoms. Many of the toxins have been characterized.Snake Venoms: Solutions or mixtures of toxic and nontoxic substances elaborated by snake (Ophidia) salivary glands for the purpose of killing prey or disabling predators and delivered by grooved or hollow fangs. They usually contain enzymes, toxins, and other factors.Bungarus: A genus of poisonous snakes of the subfamily Elapinae of the family ELAPIDAE. They comprise the kraits. Twelve species are recognized and all inhabit southeast Asia. They are considered extremely dangerous. (Moore: Poisonous Snakes of the World, 1980, p120)Reptilian Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of REPTILES.Unedited FootageVideotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Ponds: Inland bodies of standing FRESHWATER usually smaller than LAKES. They can be man-made or natural but there is no universal agreement as to their exact size. Some consider a pond to be a small body of water that is shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.

Behaviour and aeration of the respiratory system in the domestic fowl embryo. (1/122)

1. The monitoring of developmental stage and under-water dissection were used to examine the initial aeration of the respiratory system in domestic fowl embryos. 2. A virtually complete absence of free air within the chorioallantois was found before the beak had begun to make 'beak-clapping' movements, even when the membranes were already draped over its tip. 3. During the 'beak-clapping' stage, but before the membranes were pierced and before respiratory movements had begun, many embryos were found to contain free bubbles of air within the trachea and air sacs. 4. All embryos in which the respiratory system was aerated were found also to have froth in the crop or other parts of the digestive system. 5. Air was found in both the respiratory and digestive systems of all embryos examined after membrane penetration by the beak. 6. When air was injected into the chorioallantois before the stage of initial aeration it was recovered 5 min later from both the respiratory and digestive systems in under-water dissections. 7. It is suggested that lung ventilation takes place in the avian embryo in three distinct stages: the major air-ways become aerated, then respiratory movements begin and lastly the tertiary bronchi are slowly aerated. It is suggested also that movements involved in the imbibing of fluids play a part in aeration before the membranes are pierced.  (+info)

The role of sonic hedgehog in normal and abnormal craniofacial morphogenesis. (2/122)

There is growing evidence that implicates a role for Sonic hedgehog (SHH) in morphogenesis of the craniofacial complex. Mutations in human and murine SHH cause midline patterning defects that are manifested in the head as holoprosencephaly and cyclopia. In addition, teratogens such as jervine, which inhibit the response of tissues to SHH, also produce cyclopia. Thus, the loss of SHH signaling during early stages of neural plate patterning has a profound influence of craniofacial morphogenesis. However, the severity of these defects precludes analyses of SHH function during later stages of craniofacial development. We have used an embryonic chick system to study the role of SHH during these later stages of craniofacial development. Using a combination of surgical and molecular experiments, we show here that SHH is essential for morphogenesis of the frontonasal and maxillary processes (FNP and MXPs), which give rise to the mid- and upper face. Transient loss of SHH signaling in the embryonic face inhibits growth of the primordia and results in defects analogous to hypotelorism and cleft lip/palate, characteristics of the mild forms of holoprosencephaly. In contrast, excess SHH leads to a mediolateral widening of the FNP and a widening between the eyes, a condition known as hypertelorism. In severe cases, this widening is accompanied by facial duplications. Collectively, these experiments demonstrate that SHH has multiple and profound effects on the entire spectrum of craniofacial development, and perturbations in SHH signaling are likely to underlie a number of human craniofacial anomalies.  (+info)

Electron microscopical observations of psittacine beak and feather disease in an Umbrella cockatoo (Cacatua alba). (3/122)

Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) was diagnosed in an umbrella cockatoo (Cacatua alba) with severe feather dystrophy and loss. Electron microscopically, the intranuclear and intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies observed by light microscopy were composed of viral particles forming paracrystalline arrays, whorls, semicircles or concentric circles. Recovered viral particles from the skin and feather follicle tracts were icosahedral and 15 to 20 nm in diameter.  (+info)

Vocal tract function in birdsong production: experimental manipulation of beak movements. (4/122)

Kinematic analyses have demonstrated that the extent to which a songbird's beak is open when singing correlates with the acoustic frequencies of the sounds produced, suggesting that beak movements function to modulate the acoustic properties of the vocal tract during song production. If motions of the beak are necessary for normal song production, then disrupting the ability of a bird to perform these movements should alter the acoustic properties of its song. We tested this prediction by comparing songs produced normally by white-throated sparrows and swamp sparrows with songs produced when the beak was temporarily immobilized. We also observed how temporarily loading the beak of canaries with extra mass affected vocal tract movements and song production. Disruption of vocal tract movements resulted in the predicted frequency-dependent amplitude changes in the songs of both white-throated sparrows and swamp sparrows. Canaries with mass added to their beak sang with their beak open more widely than normal and produced notes with greater harmonic content than those without weights. Both manipulations resulted in acoustic changes consistent with a model in which beak motions affect vocal tract resonances, thus supporting the hypothesis that dynamic vocal tract motions and post-production modulation of sound are necessary features of normal song production.  (+info)

Evidence for ecological causation of sexual dimorphism in a hummingbird. (5/122)

Unambiguous examples of ecological causes of animal sexual dimorphism are rare. Here we present evidence for ecological causation of sexual dimorphism in the bill morphology of a hummingbird, the purple-throated carib. This hummingbird is the sole pollinator of two Heliconia species whose flowers correspond to the bills of either males or females. Each sex feeds most quickly at the flower species approximating its bill dimensions, which supports the hypothesis that floral specialization has driven the evolution of bill dimorphism. Further evidence for ecological causation of sexual dimorphism was provided by a geographic replacement of one Heliconia species by the other and the subsequent development of a floral dimorphism, with one floral morph matching the bills of males and the other of females.  (+info)

Choreography of song, dance and beak movements in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata). (6/122)

As do many songbirds, zebra finches sing their learned songs while performing a courtship display that includes movements of the body, head and beak. The coordination of these display components was assessed by analyzing video recordings of courting males. All birds changed beak aperture frequently within a single song, and each individual's pattern of beak movements was consistent from song to song. Birds that copied their father's songs reproduced many of the changes in beak aperture associated with particular syllables. The acoustic consequences of opening the beak were increases in amplitude and peak frequency, but not in fundamental frequency, of song syllables. The change in peak frequency is consistent with the hypothesis that an open beak results in a shortened vocal tract and thus a higher resonance frequency. Dance movements (hops and changes in body or head position) were less frequent, and the distribution of dance movements within the song was not as strongly patterned as were changes in beak aperture, nor were the peaks in the distribution as strongly marked. However, the correlation between the positioning of dance movements within fathers' and sons' songs was striking, suggesting that the choreography of dance patterns is transmitted from tutor to pupil together with the song.  (+info)

Connexin43 gap junction protein plays an essential role in morphogenesis of the embryonic chick face. (7/122)

Normal outgrowth and fusion of facial primordia during vertebrate development require interaction of diverse tissues and co-ordination of many different signalling pathways. Gap junction channels, made up of subunits consisting of connexin proteins, facilitate communication between cells and are implicated in embryonic development. Here we describe the distribution of connexin43 and connexin32 gap junction proteins in the developing chick face. To test the function of connexin43 protein, we applied antisense oligodeoxynucleotides that specifically reduced levels of connexin43 protein in cells of early chick facial primordia. This resulted in stunting of primordia outgrowth and led to facial defects. Furthermore, cell proliferation in regions of facial primordia that normally express high levels of connexin43 protein was reduced and this was associated with lower levels of Msx-1 expression. Facial defects arise when retinoic acid is applied to the face of chick embryos at later stages. This treatment also resulted in significant reduction in connexin43 protein, while connexin32 protein expression was unaffected. Taken together, these results indicate that connexin43 plays an essential role during early morphogenesis and subsequent outgrowth of the developing chick face.  (+info)

Clade-specific morphological diversification and adaptive radiation in Hawaiian songbirds. (8/122)

The Hawaiian honeycreepers are a dramatic example of adaptive radiation but contrast with the four other songbird lineages that successfully colonized the Hawaiian archipelago and failed to undergo similar diversification. To explore the processes that produced the diversity dichotomy in this insular fauna, we compared clade age and morphological diversity between the speciose honeycreepers and the comparatively depauperate Hawaiian thrushes. Mitochondrial-DNA-based genetic distances between these Hawaiian clades and their continental sister taxa indicate that the ancestral thrush colonized the Hawaiian Islands as early as the common ancestor of the honeycreepers. This similar timing of colonization indicates that the marked difference in diversity between the Hawaiian honeycreeper and thrush clades is unlikely to result from differences in these clades' tenures within the archipelago. If time cannot explain the contrasting diversities of these taxa, then an intrinsic, clade-specific trait may have fostered the honeycreeper radiation. As the honeycreepers have diversified most dramatically in morphological characters related to resource utilization, we used principal components analyses of bill characters to compare the magnitudes of morphological variation in the ancestral clades from which the Hawaiian honeycreeper and thrush lineages are derived, the Carduelini and Turdinae respectively. Although the Carduelini share a more recent common ancestor and have a lower species diversity than the Turdinae, these finch-like relatives of the honeycreepers exhibit significantly greater variation in bill morphology than do the continental relatives of the Hawaiian thrushes. The higher magnitude of morphological variation in the non-Hawaiian Carduelini suggests that the honeycreepers fall within a clade exhibiting a generally high evolutionary flexibility in bill morphology. Accordingly, although the magnitude of bill variation among the honeycreepers is similar to that of the entire passerine radiation, this dramatic morphological radiation represents an extreme manifestation of a general clade-specific ability to evolve novel morphologies.  (+info)

*Beak

A cauterizing blade or infrared beam is used to cut off about half of the upper beak and about a third of the lower beak. Pain ... Beak coloration helps to make displays using those beaks more obvious. Birds are capable of seeing colors in the ultraviolet ... Because the beak is a sensitive organ with many sensory receptors, beak trimming (sometimes referred to as 'debeaking') is " ... Play media Birds may bite or stab with their beaks to defend themselves. Some species use their beaks in displays of various ...

*Beak 2

... (stylized >> or Beak>>) is the second studio album of British band Beak. Lucas, Gene. "BEAK> - >>". DIY Mag. Retrieved ... Beak>". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 1 January 2015. Kivel, Adam (8 June 2012). "Beak> - >>". Consequence of Sound. ... Lucas, Dean (30 June 2012). "Beak> - >>". DIY. Retrieved 1 January 2015. Ashman, Neil (28 June 2012). "Album Review: Beak ... O'Keeffe, Niall (29 June 2012). "BEAK> - 'BEAK>'". NME. Inspire. Retrieved 1 January 2015. Mongredien, Phil (30 June 2012). " ...

*Beak (album)

"BEAK> - Beak>". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 30 December 2014. Perry, Andrew (23 October 2009). "Beak>: Beak>, CD ... Beak (stylized BEAK> and also named Recordings 05/01/09 > 17/01/09) is the self-titled debut studio album by British band Beak ... "BEAK>: IT'S SO INCREDIBLY BORING". L.A. Record. YBX Media Inc. 16 September 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2014. "Beak> - Beak?". ... "BEAK> Recordings 05/01/09 > 17/01/09 Review". BBC Music. Retrieved 30 December 2014. BEAK> (CD liner notes). Beak>. United ...

*Bob Beak

Robert Michael Cawthorn Beak OBE (called Bob; born 1925 - 13 January 2018) was an Anglican bishop. Beak trained at the London ... "Robert Michael Cawthorn Beak". Crockford's Clerical Directory (online ed.). Church House Publishing. Retrieved 25 August 2016 ...

*Cephalopod beak

Clarke, M.R. (1962). The identification of cephalopod "beaks" and the relationship between beak size and total body weight. ... Wolff, G.A. (1981). "A beak key for eight eastern tropical Pacific cephalopod species with relationships between their beak ... "Current status of using beaks to identify cephalopods: III International Workshop and training course on cephalopod beaks, ... The beak may also be referred to as the mandibles or jaws. The abbreviations LRL and URL are commonly used in teuthology to ...

*Beak & Claw

Reed, Ryan (March 28, 2012). "s/s/s: Beak & Claw". Paste. Greene, Jayson (March 23, 2012). "s / s / s: Beak & Claw". Pitchfork ... Beak & Claw is the debut EP by Sisyphus (released under the name S/S/S), a collaborative project between Serengeti, Sufjan ... Fader, Lainna (March 22, 2012). "Album Review: s / s / s - Beak & Claw". Consequence of Sound. ... ". "Beak and Claw [EP] - SSS". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved November 15, 2014. Christgau, Robert. "CG: s/s/s". Robert ...

*Sticky Beak

"Sticky beak", Emergency Librarian, E L Kurdyla Publishing LLC, 25 (1): 46, 1997-09-01, ISSN 0315-8888 "Sticky Beak.(Children's ... Sticky Beak won the CROW award in 1994. Sticky Beak picks up from where Blabber Mouth ends. Rowena's father is now married to ... Children's literature portal Sticky Beak is a children's novel first published in 1993. Written by English-born Australian ... Ltd, 8: 32, 1993-11-01, ISSN 0817-0088 "Sticky Beak.(Book Review)(Children's Review)(Brief Article)", Emergency Librarian, E L ...

*Daniel Beak

Beak was born in Southampton, Hampshire on 27 July 1891 and educated at Taunton's School. Beak joined the Royal Naval Volunteer ... Daniel Marcus William Beak, M.C., R.N.D., R.N.V.R. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. During a night attack by the ... Daniel Marcus William Beak, R.N.V.R. For conspicuous gallantry in action. He led his men in the attack with great courage and ... Daniel Marcus William Beak, D.S.O., M.C., R.N.V.R. For most conspicuous bravery, courageous leadership and devotion to duty ...

*Beak (bivalve)

The beak is part of the shell of a bivalve mollusk, i.e. part of the shell of a saltwater or freshwater clam. The beak is the ... In many species of bivalves the beaks point towards one another. However, in some species of bivalves the beaks point ... If the beak is not eroded or worn down at all, it may still be capped with the prodissoconch, which is the larval shell of the ... The beak usually, but not always, coincides with the umbo, the highest and most prominent point on the valve. Because by ...

*Beak (disambiguation)

Beak may also refer to: Beak, a type of molding Barnell Bohusk, a Marvel Comics character formerly known as Beak Beak, a Beanie ... an old-fashioned slang term for the headmaster of a school or a magistrate Beak, slang term for the drug cocaine Beak (band), a ... the oldest point of a shell of a bivalve mollusc Cephalopod beak Parrot's Beak (disambiguation) Beakhead, a protruding ... A beak is an anatomical structure of birds, which serves as the mouth and jaws. ...

*Beak Island

... is an arc-shaped island, 7 kilometres (4 nmi) long and 360 metres (1,200 ft) high, lying 1 kilometre (0.5 nmi) ... The Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey surveyed Beak Island in 1945 and so named it because of its shape and relative ... This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Beak Island" (content from ... List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands "Beak Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey ...

*Beak Street

On its north side, Beak Street is joined by Kingly Street, Kingly Court, Carnaby Street, and Marshall Street. Beak Street is a ... "23 Beak Street, W1 (1066483)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 August 2014. Historic England. "41 and 43 Beak ... "19 Beak Street, W1 (1066482)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 August 2014. Historic England. "21 Beak Street, ... "73 Beak Street, W1 (1357197)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 August 2014. Historic England. "77 Beak Street, ...

*Turtle Beak

The Turtle Beak mansion (觜宿, pinyin: Zī Xiù) is one of the Twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations. It is one of ...

*Parrot's beak

Cambodia Parrot's Beak, a region of Guinea traversed by the Mano River Parrot's Beak, a monolith on Mount Pico de Loro in the ... also known as parrot's beak orchid, an orchid of Australia and New Zealand Parrot's Beak, Cambodia, an area in Svay Rieng ... Parrot's beak may refer to: Clianthus, a genus of flowering plants of New Zealand Heliconia psittacorum, a perennial herb of ... Philippines the beak of a parrot any tool in the shape of a parrot's beak, for example a type of pruning shears ukpe-okhue, a ...

*Parrot's Beak, Cambodia

Parrot's Beak 11°02′15.3″N 106°00′35″E / 11.037583°N 106.00972°E / 11.037583; 106.00972 (Parrot's Beak, Cambodia) was the ... The NVA established Base Areas 367 and 706 in the Parrot's Beak. On 30 April 1970, the Parrot's Beak was attacked by US and ... The Parrot's Beak was seized by the Vietnam People's Army during their retaliatory attack against the Khmer Rouge in December ... During the Vietnam War the Parrot's Beak was a base and rest area for the North Vietnamese Army and the Vietcong and one of the ...

*Beak-spouted ewer

A beak-spouted ewer (German: Schnabelkanne) is a ewer, jug, pitcher or flagon with a spout formed in the shape of a beak. Beak- ... Famous Celtic beak-spouted ewers have been found at the Glauberg in Hessia and the Dürrnberg near Hallein in Austria. A modern ...

*The Beak Brackets Series

Beach+7 = Beak, Boys+7 = Brackets.). There are at least three known EPs produced as part of this series. According to fan ... The Beak Brackets was a series of experimental tapes made by the musical project / concept band Mujeres Encinta from 1999 to ... Petal Soundbarriers, released in 2001, is the last known tape from The Beak Brackets Series. It used as its source Pet Sounds, ...

*Psittacine beak and feather disease

It attacks the feather follicles and the beak and claw matrices of the bird, causing progressive feather, claw and beak ... "psittacine beak and feather disease syndrome" (PBFDS). This soon became known as psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD). ... Beak fractures and necrosis of the hard palate can prevent the bird from eating. The ornithologist Edwin Ashby observed a flock ... Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) is a viral disease affecting all Old World and New World parrots. The causative ...

*The Beak of the Finch

The birds are all about the same size (10-20 cm). They mainly differ in the form of the beak. The beak is adapted to the food ... The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Evolution in Our Time (ISBN 0-679-40003-6) is a 1994 nonfiction book about evolutionary ... Jonathan Weiner's The Beak of the Finch describes this very process". Darwin's finches are different closely related species ... ISBN 978-1-84046-780-2. The Beak of the Finch on Open Library at the Internet Archive. ...

*Beaked sedge

... may refer to: Carex rostrata, (glaucous) beaked sedge or bottle sedge Carex utriculata, (common) beaked sedge or ...

*Rufous beaked snake

The rufous beaked snake is large and stout, with males reaching a maximum length of 1.1 m (3.6 ft) and females reaching 1.07 m ... The rufous beaked snake (Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus) is a species of mildly venomous colubrid endemic to East Africa. It is named ... Diurnal animals, rufous beaked snakes hunt small animals, including other snakes, but stay in burrows during the hottest part ... "Rufous-beaked snake". National Zoological Park. Retrieved 2008-12-03. Lumsden NG, Ventura S, Dauer R, Hodgson WC (February 2005 ...

*Short-beaked echidna

Zaglossus species, which include the western long-beaked, Sir David's long-beaked and eastern long-beaked echidnas, are all ... often with fossils of the long-beaked echidna from the same period. The ancient short-beaked echidnas are considered to be ... and to a lesser extent for the short-beaked echidna. Short-beaked echidnas feature in the animistic culture of indigenous ... Short-beaked echidnas are typically 30 to 45 cm (12 to 18 in) in length, with 75 mm (3 in) of snout, and weigh between 2 and 7 ...

*White-beaked dolphin

The white-beaked dolphin is a robust species of dolphin with a short beak. Adults can reach 2.3 to 3.1 m (7 ft 7 in to 10 ft 2 ... Its specific name, albirostris, translates to "white beak", a reference to the color of the species' beak, a diagnostic (albeit ... ISBN 0-375-41141-0 White-beaked dolphin research in Scotland White-beaked dolphins in Scottish waters, images ARKive Photos, ... White-beaked dolphins have 25 to 28 teeth in each jaw, although the three teeth closest to the front of the mouth are often not ...

*Beaks: The Movie

... (Spanish: El ataque de los pájaros) is a 1987 Mexican horror movie directed by René Cardona Jr. It stars ... It was first released in Europe in 1987 and also known as Beaks: The Birds 2, Birds of Prey and Evil Birds. Vanessa, a ...

*Gray's beaked whale

... (Mesoplodon grayi), sometimes known as Haast's beaked whale, the Scamperdown whale, or the southern beaked ... The beak itself is very long and pointed for a beaked whale, and has a relatively straight mouth line. In both sexes it has ... Gray's beaked whale is a fairly slender member of the genus. The melon on the whale bulges towards the blowhole and slopes down ... Gray's beaked whale is said to be the most common species of whale to beach in New Zealand. Two whales that stranded themselves ...
Normally, your birds beak should not require grooming. The natural wear and tear that your bird puts on its beak during daily feeding, climbing, beak-grinding and playing is usually enough to keep your birds beak right where it should be. Occasionally, however, a bird might have physical limitations or deformities that make self-care of the beak impossible. Malocclusions are one such case. In this situation, a birds beak may be under-shot or over-shot. More commonly, the upper or lower beak (Maxilla or Mandible) veer or grow off to the side. This can be due to birth defect or injury. Certain illnesses, such as fungal infection or mite infestation, can cause beak-growth problems, too. Injuries are yet another cause of beak-growth problems. For example, Seymour, the bird president of Birdmart.Com sustained an injury to her skull many years ago. As a result she has very limited movement of her upper beak. Because of this, she is unable to grind her beak properly, and has problems with beak ...
Darwins finches, inhabiting the Galapagos archipelago and Cocos Island, constitute an iconic model for studies of speciation and adaptive evolution. Here we report the results of whole-genome re-sequencing of 120 individuals representing all of the Darwins finch species and two close relatives Phylogenetic analysis reveals important discrepancies with the phenotype-based taxonomy. We find extensive evidence for interspecific gene flow throughout the radiation. Hybridization has given rise to species of mixed ancestry. A 240 kilobase haplotype encompassing the ALX1 gene that encodes a transcription factor affecting craniofacial. development is strongly associated with beak shape diversity across Darwins finch species as well as within the medium ground finch (Geospiza fortis) a species that has undergone rapid evolution of beak shape in response to environmental changes. The ALX1 haplotype has contributed to diversification of beak shapes among the Darwins finches and thereby, to an expanded ...
... The Living World Beak Block with Minerals provides parakeets, canaries and finches with a healthy, tasty way to keep their beaks trim and sharp, while providing essential vitamins and minerals. Mineral beak ...
Debeaking, also called beak trimming, is the partial removal of the beak of poultry, especially layer hens and turkeys although it may also be performed on quail and ducks. Most commonly, the beak is shortened permanently, although regrowth can occur. The trimmed lower beak is somewhat longer than the upper beak. Beak trimming is most common in egg-laying strains of chickens. In some countries such as the United States, turkeys routinely have their beaks trimmed, however, in the UK, only 10% of turkeys are beak trimmed. Beak trimming is a preventive measure to reduce damage caused by injurious pecking such as cannibalism, feather pecking and vent pecking, and thereby improve livability. Commercial broiler chickens are not routinely beak trimmed as they reach slaughter weight at approximately 6 weeks of age, i.e. before injurious pecking usually begins. However, broiler breeding stock may be trimmed to prevent damage during mating. In some countries, beak trimming is done as a last resort where ...
Well I find it likely that meat curtains were ancestral to Dinosauria because we have beaked Ornithiscia, then Saurischia is a little weird. We have meat curtains basal to Theropoda but it would seem at first it wasnt to Sauropodomorpha. But by looking at what the known fleshy integument of the lips are found in Sauropods I find it likely they were also going along the path of beaks. But instead of evolving true beaks they evolved the next best thing; a protobeak. Look at Camarasaurus and Bonitasaurua. They dont have beaks but instead of highly keratinized lips that act just like a beak. Why they would grow a protobeak instead of a full fledged beak beats me, but regardless this still looks like the same case that was going on with all other Dinosaurs that became herbivores. And it just so happens that these are the only two sauropods with known facial integument AND they arent that closely related so its likely they have a common ancestor with such a proto beak. Maybe there wasnt a ...
The crafter can make a stuffed penguin doll, using flannel or felt fabric. This stuffed toy makes a good gift for children. Once the crafter gets to the point where she is ready to make and stitch the beak to the penguin's face, she needs to know how to make a beak that sticks out from the penguin face. She can also choose to make a flat beak shape and stitch this to the face after giving the beak some shaping. To make the penguin and attach the beak, the crafter should have basic sewing and crafting skills.
The color of a birds beak results from concentrations of pigments-primarily melanins and carotenoids-in the epidermal layers, including the rhamphotheca.[90] Eumelanin, which is found in the bare parts of many bird species, is responsible for all shades of gray and black; the denser the deposits of pigment found in the epidermis, the darker the resulting color. Phaeomelanin produces "earth tones" ranging from gold and rufous to various shades of brown.[91] Although it is thought to occur in combination with eumelanin in beaks which are buff, tan, or horn-colored, researchers have yet to isolate phaeomelanin from any beak structure.[92] More than a dozen types of carotenoids are responsible for the coloration of most red, orange, and yellow beaks.[93] The hue of the color is determined by the precise mix of red and yellow pigments, while the saturation is determined by the density of the deposited pigments. For example, bright red is created by dense deposits of mostly red pigments, while dull ...
I had an emu tangled with a coyote when it jumped the fence looking for dinner in the barn. As his Missus was down laying an egg, the male felt very protective and killed the coyote. He did suffer major damage to his beak in the process, one claw too. I glued the claw so he could walk, but just left the beak to grow out. It was very tender for several days, and he did accept hand feeding, even though your gander didnt. Dont worry too much, as they can survive on only a few crumbs of food for the several days it will take to become less painful. Surprisingly enough, even a major portion of lost beak will regrow, often misshapen if the bone is missing. The beak is actually the upper jaw, covered in horn, and as the bone regrows, the beak will too. As long as he still has the portion with the nostrils, it will grow back, just an off shape ...
A birds beak is not only amazingly versatile, but it is also vital for its existence. In addition to eating, a bird uses its beak for playing, climbing and h
The most characteristic feature of Darwins finches is the diversification of beak morphology that has allowed these species to expand their utilization of food resources in the Galápagos archipelago. A team of scientists ...
The beak, bill, or rostrum is an freemit anatomical structur o birds which is uised for eatin an for groomin, manipulatin objects, killin prey, fichtin, probin for fuid, courtship an feedin young. The terms beak an rostrum are an aa used tae refer tae a similar muithpart in some Ornithischian dinosaurs, monotremes, cephalopods (see Cephalopod beak), cetaceans, billfishes, pufferfishes, turtles, Anuran tadpoles an sirens.. Altho beaks vary significantly in size, shape an colour, thay share a seemilar unnerlyin structur. Twa bony projections-the upper an lower mandibles-are covered wi a thin keratinized layer o epidermis kent as the rhamphotheca. In maist species, twa holes kent as nares lead tae the respiratory seestem.. ...
Mac iMac 27 Eagle Wallpapers HD Desktop Backgrounds. Preview wallpaper eagle bird predator beak. eagle bird predator. Laptop 1366×768 Eagle Wallpapers HD Desktop Backgrounds. eagle flight sky. Preview wallpaper eagle bird predator beak. eagle bird predator. Wallpaper eagle bird predator flight wings beak. 1080×1920 Wallpaper eagle bird predator flight wings beak See more about Eagles…. Read more ». ...
My first version of the tarp beak emulated a known working solution---a poncho drapped over the end of the tarp. As was evident from the pictures, that beak used a lot of fabric over the tarp that wasnt needed for rain cover or wind break. Clearly what was wanted was a version that overlapped some with the edge of the tarp, but only minimally. Would be nice to have a design that was easily adaptable to different hex tarps as well. This brings us to Beak version 2, a.k.a. Son of Beak
March 5, 2018 - It takes a lot of self-control to not go for leftover cake. This is a great tit and its beak is missing an upper mandible. Beaks grow like nails. And they wear out with use. Thats why the lower mandible is so long. Soft food, like cake, helps it survive. We like to think its celebrating for surviving winter.
About anaglyph 3D: Photographs here are in 3D, using anaglyph techniques which combines two photographs one in red and the other in cyan (blue + green) color. To get the 3D effect, you must use glasses with red and cyan lenses (filters) over your regular glasses. The form of the beak is far easier to interpret in 3D and we strongly recommend to the viewer that the glasses be obtained (this is especially helpful when viewing enlarged images - i.e. click on the image). These beak photographs were made using Red and Cyan Anachrome Aviator Glasses (see: http://www.anachrome.com/glassbuy.htm or http://www.amazon.com) which cost under $10.00 (USD).. About M. atlantica: To be added.. ...
About anaglyph 3D: Photographs here are in 3D, using anaglyph techniques which combines two photographs one in red and the other in cyan (blue + green) color. To get the 3D effect, you must use glasses with red and cyan lenses (filters) over your regular glasses. The form of the beak is far easier to interpret in 3D and we strongly recommend to the viewer that the glasses be obtained (this is especially helpful when viewing enlarged images - i.e. click on the image). These beak photographs were made using Red and Cyan Anachrome Aviator Glasses (see: http://www.anachrome.com/glassbuy.htm or http://www.amazon.com) which cost under $10.00 (USD).. ...
paramount importance to cancer treatment. One can argue that metastatic cancer cells are analogous to Darwins finches: they face a new and unknown environment with unique selection pressures and must adapt to survive. Different populations will have an array of beak and wing sizes, and may not resemble their forebears as closely as once thought.. We see evidence of this in patients. For example, a study by Gerlinger and colleagues found that if a biopsy is taken from a kidney cancer and compared with an area of spread in the lung, genetic diversity akin to that of Darwins finches can be seen. Some of the changes in DNA at distant sites will not be present in the primary tumour, suggesting that cancer cells diversify and adapt to the local environment.. Therefore if we rely upon a single biopsy, we attempt to characterise the varied ecosystem of the Galapagos by watching a single bird through a pair of grubby binoculars. This approach is woefully inadequate, and we must therefore ask, ...
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Alibaba.com offers 73 beak fish hooks products. About 83% of these are fishhooks. A wide variety of beak fish hooks options are available to you, such as paid samples, free samples.
From how massive humpbacks glide through the sea with ease to the efficient way fungal spores fly, applied mathematicians at Harvard have excavated the equations behind a variety of complex phenomena.
I first noticed this bird at one of our feeders yesterday (January 4, 2016). He returned to feed today and so I took his picture. He seems to be able to eat normally, despite having a large horn-like growth protruding from the top of his beak. This is the best photo I could get because everything is in the shade, but I think it shows the growth fairly well, especially if you zoom in on his beak. ...
I have 11 chicks and all were healthy until today I come and did that one of their beaks have broken... It is the bottom beak and it is like a hang...
Again with Dilophosaurus it is simple to formulate an ecological reason for it dispensing with lips. Because it shows tendencies towards small game, large lips in the anterior of the jaw would provide a cumbersome block to intricate poking and plucking of small critters whether in the water, in burrows, or whatever. Better to dispense with such lips, evolve a keratinized and/or cornified oral epidermis epidermis and retain sensitivity from the neurovascular foramina. Note how this parallels the argument in my last piece in this series where I suggested that the evolution of beaks and loss of teeth were coincident with an increasing emphasis of omnivorous/herbivorous diets. Where as the constant pecking, plucking, and cropping of seeds, fruitifications, foliage, insects would encourage a beak type oral margin to replace non-muscular fleshy "meat curtain" type oral margins in theropods: in croc-faced killer theropods the lips would likely recede for the same basic reasons. In these small game ...
America has The Red tails Mustang in World War II, We have The Red Beak Mustang or Cocor Merah in translation. While Red Tails is a nickname for P-51D Mustang that belong to USAAF 332d Fighter Group or Tuskegee in 1944, Red Beak is also a nickname for our Air Force (AURI) Mustang in 1950s. AURI got them from The Kingdom of the Netherlands, but the irony they also used to fight off the Dutch from us in later confrontation in mid 1950s. The Mustang still used by the AURI for various military operation until they were grounded in early 1970s because of the aircraft are getting old and lack of spare parts support. This paper model template was recolored by Dani Hamdani, model on the photos were built by him.
America has The Red tails Mustang in World War II, We have The Red Beak Mustang or Cocor Merah in translation. While Red Tails is a nickname for P-51D Mustang that belong to USAAF 332d Fighter Group or Tuskegee in 1944, Red Beak is also a nickname for our Air Force (AURI) Mustang in 1950s. AURI got them from The Kingdom of the Netherlands, but the irony they also used to fight off the Dutch from us in later confrontation in mid 1950s. The Mustang still used by the AURI for various military operation until they were grounded in early 1970s because of the aircraft are getting old and lack of spare parts support. This paper model template was recolored by Dani Hamdani, model on the photos were built by him.
I bought some Spinn and asked 2Q and ZQ about turning the fabric in to a set of Grizz Beaks. Their quality is nothing short of outstanding but since I have a MacCat Standard for fair weather (and am getting better at setting it up for foul weather) and a WBBB Superfly less-than-perfect conditions, its time to let these go. ** Please note that Donna - ZQ - suggested not using Spinn for Grizz Beaks because the fabric is loud. Ive only used these for one trip and the noise was nothing
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Some birds are generalists. A generalist is an organism that can eat many different types of food. Other birds are highly specialized in their food needs and can eat just one type of food. Raptors such as hawks and owls are carnivores. They hunt and eat mammals and other birds. Vultures are scavengers. They eat the remains of dead animals, such as roadkill. Aquatic birds generally eat fish or water plants. Perching birds may eat insects, fruit, honey, or nectar. Many fruit-eating birds play a key role in seed dispersal, and some nectar-feeding birds are important pollinators. Bird beaks are generally adapted for the food they eat. For example, the sharp, hooked beak of a raptor is well suited for killing and tearing apart prey. The long beak of the hummingbird in Figure below was created to be able to sip nectar from tube-shaped flowers.. ...
IOC Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Aves • Superordo: Neognathae • Ordo: Passeriformes • Subordo: Passeri • Infraordo: Passerida • Superfamilia: Passeroidea • Familia: Thraupidae • Genus: Geospiza • Species: Geospiza fuliginosa Gould, 1837 ...
Lady Jack was found in the Laguna Madre by a group of fishermen. She had a large hook embedded in her lower beak. Her beak and face were heavily scarred and scabbed over from the hook rubbing against it. Her left front flipper was entangled in part of the rig attached to the hook and she had a small scar on the joint. She has trouble moving the flipper.. Update: Lady Jacks beak is healing well, but she still does not move her front flipper. She was moved into a rehabilitation tank to get more exercise and use her flipper more.. Update: Lady Jack was taken to the Gladys Porter Zoo vet on 8/10 for an x-ray of her front flipper. It seems that part of her humerus bone is not there. We believe that she has a marine bacteria that may be attacking and eating her bones. We will do several biopsies to better understand the nature of the bacteria. She has been moved to a smaller quarantine tank.. Update: Repeat x-ray was done on 9/9/2013, no improvement or change.. Update: 10/1/2013 Blood work came back ...
Evolution works on different scales. In a single day, HIVs genetic code changes as it adapts to our ever-adapting immune system. Over the course of decades, the virus can make a successful leap from one species to another (from chimpanzees to humans, for example). Over a few thousand years, humans have adapted to agriculture--an adult tolerance to the lactose in milk, for example. Over a couple million years, the brains of our hominid ancestors have nearly doubled. Sometimes scientists distinguish between these scales by calling small-scale change microevolution and large-scale change macroevolution. Creationists have seized on these terms and used them to build one of their central canards: that they accept microevolution but can then reject macroevolution. Thats a bit like accepting microeconomics--how households and firms make decisions and interact in markets--but then denying macroeconomics--how entire societies produce goods, how inflation rises and falls, and so on. Evolutionary ...
However, subsequent field and laboratory investigations into the genetic and developmental control of such variable traits have shown the multiple allele/continuous variation model upon which the "modern synthesis" was based is, in fact, not the way most traits apparently evolve. For example, consider a mutation that causes an increase in size of a particular anatomical feature (e.g. a finchs beak). Most such features are regulated by a set of genes that are themselves regulated by a homeotic gene (or a few such homeotic genes; in the case of Darwins finches, the controlling homeotic gene is called bmp4, for "bone morphology protein 4") [1]. Homeotic genes, like many but not all genes, do not produce a purely monotonic trait (i.e a trait with no variation). Instead, they produce a trait that varies somewhat between individuals, in what approximates a normal distribution. In the case of finch beaks, this means that in any population of finches, there are some individuals with small beaks, some ...
Our research suggests that only those males with fewest parasites and diseases are likely to be able to devote sufficient carotenoids to their appearance to produce the best sexual display. While carotenoid-based beak colour is probably not the only factor these birds consider when selecting a mate, it is now clear that carotenoid levels are linked to sexual attractiveness and immune function, said Professor Cézilly, Professor ...
Toucans are tropical birds found in Central and South America. They are best known for their enormous, brilliantly colored bills. These beaks perform several functions, but new research confirms that they accomplish yet another essential job.. A toucans bill comprises about one third of the birds total length, which makes it proportionately larger than any other birds. Yet the bill is very lightweight for its size because it is made of bony struts and keratin fibers. Toucans can reach further out for fruit, cut up the fruit with their bills serrated edges, reach deeper than other birds into tree holes for food, and house extra-long tongues with more taste buds on them. The beaks also seem to serve aesthetic purposes by displaying brilliant colors, as well as being used in frolicking "fencing" matches with other toucans.. Now researchers have found a new function served by these beautiful beaks: temperature regulation.1 The bill is filled with a "fine network of vessels."2 By controlling the ...
beak: The horny, projecting structure forming the mandibles of a bird, especially one that is strong, sharp, and useful in striking and tearing; a bill.
Sponsored Links Hello... I see some cracks on my parrot beak! One of these cracks seems like it could be pelt off. Is this normal???
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Damage was being caused by vehicles driving off the road onto the grassed area, therefore causing uneven surfaces and muddy deposits.. It was agreed, the best solution to stop this damage recurring, would be to install around the perimeter our Ducks Beak design of post and rail.. This would ensure vehicles could not be driven onto the green open space, and would also project a more enclosed appearance. However several access breaks were incorporated to allow public enjoyment of the area.. After installation comments from local residents were very positive, suggesting that the area now looks like a park rather than a piece of muddy open land. Controlled access for maintaining this green area was available through a Heritage Street Furniture lockable double swing barrier. ...
My chicken throws up when I pick her up. dark no scent. she also has her beak open like maybe breathing out her - Answered by a verified Bird Veterinarian
Cant say that. 1/10 mm could have an advantage. But maybe it wouldnt. But mutations are not all like that: one mutation could cause the beak to be several inches difference with just one birth. And there is still chance nothing would come of this individual but also chance it would mate with its smaller-beak comtemporaries and could cause the off-spring to have a much larger beak than the parent with the smaller beak. And if its a very successful trait leading to easier access to food, then these individuals would have an advantage over other small-beak individuals. But again, they could mate with small-beak partners or even another large-beak and still have off-spring with small beaks. It depends on how the gene is expressed and how successful it is in confering advantage to its owner. And really we need to view this in terms of a population and not just one or two individuals. Its the population as a whole that evolves, not the individuals ...
Vultures Beak is the debut demo from this Athens based death metal band. Released three years following their 2013 inception, it effortlessly demonstrates how the metal underground in Greece is still capable of spawning quality music. The four selections gathered for this demo refreshed my memories of old Pyrexia and Suffocation in their demo days. The guitar, bass and drum tracks were all recorded in the bands home studio (the lead vocals were recorded at Vocals recorded at Underground Studio of Kyriakos Pagoulatos) so the similarities probably stem from the professional self-production heard on this demo. The D.I.Y. leaning ingrained in the material is revitalizing as Vultur hold clear dominion over their songs, channeling their energy into the density and consistency they compose with. The Pyrexia/Suffocation parallels are most apparent in the first track Entangled In The Webs Of Fear, but from there Vultur travel to other shores so to speak. The predilection here is of the 90s persuasion, ...
Stock video footage Thrush chicks suddenly spring and open their beaks, eagerly awaiting feeding in nest against background of wall of an old wooden village house. id aq152693c. 00:00:29 4k. From ...
One of the many reasons travelers visit a wine destination - aside from the wine - is for the experience of it. Pastoral views, scenic drives, culinary treats and relaxing overnight accommodations tend to be the top boxes to tick for a wine country getaway. Clark County has most of these bases covered. What it is lacking are those charming inns and guest houses. Beak & Bloom Guest House is doing their part to change that...
The lady at the feed store asked me to take care of a chick with a crossed beak that no one else wanted to buy. I have been feeding her chick starter...
A new study says ravens use their beaks to point out and hold up objects to attract the attention of other ravens, a behavior so far observed only in humans and
Watch full episodes of April Fools: Harvey Beaks and get the latest breaking news, exclusive videos and pictures, episode recaps and much more at TVGuide.com
Neb Aaran Do Beak Boy Beret, Neb Aaran Do Princess Perl Dress, 100 Friends Tights styled by Neb aaran Do in Welcome party of strangers-see looks like this and more on LOOKBOOK.
Auntie is an aging baby-boomer (who isnt?) from New England, where we apparently like gay people and dislike Republicans. Auntie is a typical New Englander in that respect, although she is, paradoxically married to a Republican. She dabbles in web design and graphic design, but discovered that it is unlikely she could make a living doing same. That is all Auntie feels comfortable disclosing about herself at this point.. ...
All of the above statements can be accepted, however, without embracing the idea that the network perspective is needed for experimental research in evolution. A case can be made that a sufficient understanding of the genetic basis of adaptive evolutionary changes emerges from classic quantitative trait locus and molecular single gene-based experimental perspectives and that neither the concept of networks nor detailed knowledge of particular networks is needed for actual progress. This position is seemingly bolstered by recent success in understanding the genetic foundations of several adaptive traits, work that has underlined the key importance of a small number of specific genes. These cases involve finch beak dimensions in Darwins finches, characteristics related directly to specific feeding adaptations (41, 42); the adaptive evolution of bat wings for flight (43, 44); and the adaptive loss of pelvic armature in freshwater sticklebacks (45, 46).. The adaptive radiation of Darwins finches, ...
Last fall the Loom was awash in tattoos from scientists. Since then, Ive moved them over to my Science Tattoo Emporium. If you havent checked it out recently, let me invite you over. Incredibly, someone sends me a new science tattoo just about every day. I post them as fast as I can, but Ive still got a backlog. And most of them are astonishingly cool-both beautiful and enlightening. I particularly like todays post, todays post, an homage to Darwins finches. Plenty more where that came from.. ...
A primitive gas mask in the shape of a birds beak. A common belief at the time was that the plague was spread by birds. It was thought that by dressing in a bird-like mask, the wearer could draw the plague away from the patient and onto the garment the plague doctor wore. The mask also included red glass eyepieces, which were thought to make the wearer impervious to evil. The beak of the mask was often filled with strongly aromatic herbs and spices to overpower the miasmas or bad air which was also thought to carry the plague. At the very least, it may have served a dual purpose, also dulling the smell of unburied corpses, sputum, and ruptured bouboules in plague victims. , Manuel Velasco via Getty Images ...
Abzhanov A, Cordero DR, Sen J, Tabin CJ, Helms JAet al., 2007, Cross-regulatory interactions between Fgf8 and Shh in the avian frontonasal prominence., Congenit Anom (Kyoto), Vol: 47, Pages: 136-148, ISSN: 0914-3505 The frontonasal prominence of the developing avian embryo contains an organizing center, defined by juxtaposition of the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) and Fibroblast growth factor 8 (Fgf8) expression domains. This molecular interface presages any detectable growth of the frontonasal prominence, and experiments involving transplantation of this boundary epithelium have demonstrated it is a source of dorsal-ventral and rostral-caudal patterning information for the neural crest-derived mesenchyme of the upper beak. We explored the ontogeny of this organizing center by mapping the expression domains of both genes and their receptors and downstream targets. We tested the extent to which Shh and Fgf8 regulate each others expression in this frontonasal organizer by either blocking or ectopically ...
IOC Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Aves • Superordo: Neognathae • Ordo: Passeriformes • Subordo: Passeri • Infraordo: Passerida • Superfamilia: Passeroidea • Familia: Thraupidae • Genus: Geospiza Gould, 1837 ...
Orange American Pattern Extraction Forceps are handcrafted from stainless steel. They are meticulously hand crafted and finished with a scissors hinge to equally distribute forces along the instrument, and permit easier cleaning and overall maintenance. These forceps are electropolished to a "mirror finish" for maximum corrosionresistance. The beaks of extraction forceps are designed anatomically to adapt to the tooth at or below the cervical line. Many beaks are serrated, which improves the grasp during extractions. All hinged instruments should be cleaned and sterilized in an open position.. Features & Benefits. Lifetime warranty against defects in material and ...
Migratory birds can use a magnetic compass to find their way, and, at least in North America, they seem to calibrate this magnetic compass after the sun compass each evening (Science 304, 405-408); but how do they sense the reference direction provided by the geomagnetic field? In recent years, two biophysical mechanisms have become established as the most promising magnetodetection candidates: (1) iron-mineral-based sensors in the upper beak connecting to the brain through the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve and/or (2) light-dependent radical-pair processes in the eyes converting the magnetic signal into a visual signal, which is then processed in visual brain areas (for a review, see Current Opinion in Neurobiology 15, 406-414.). In the past years, we performed a number of combined experiments involving molecular biology, anatomy, chemical analyses, neurobiology and behaviour which has brought us to the conclusion that birds do not only have one, but two different magnetic senses, ...
The adaptive responses of organisms are thought to be a driving force for evolution. The characteristic traits of organisms, such as physiology, morphology, and behavior, impact organisms fitness in any particular environment, and are selected during the process of evolution. To understand the mechanisms of environmental adaptation, researchers have generally examined the traits of organisms that have evolved in nature. One of the best-known examples is the shape of the beaks of Darwins finches, which are related to the feeding habitats of each species (Grant 2003; Lamichhaney et al. 2015). However, it is laborious to clarify the precise roles of a particular trait in environmental adaptation, because adaptation is ultimately the output resulting from multiple traits, and because the natural environment includes fluctuating features.. The genetic basis of environmental adaptation is even more complicated. Recent progress in next generation sequencing (NGS) technology enables us to examine the ...
Guests on our 1979 China special included Mickhail Baryshnikov, Crystal Gayle, mimes Robert Shields and Lorene Yarnell and Big Bird from Sesame Street. Operated from inside the birds costume by Carroll Spinney, the popular childrens character was the only member of Jim Hensons Muppet Troupe allowed to perform independently of the group. The Big Bird costume was maintained by a long-time puppeteer named Kermit (no relation to the frog) Love who replaced an average of 300 dyed turkey feathers following each performance. Spinney operates the character with the help of a small TV monitor and a fan for air circulation. Big Bird was such a hit with the kids, theres now a whole generation of Chinese children who have sworn off Peking Duck. (To view more photos like this plus shots of the modern China taken in 2007 during the authors return visit, click on Big Birds beak.) ...
A method of forming a field oxide or isolation region in a semiconductor die. A nitride layer (over an oxide layer disposed over a substrate) is patterned and subsequently etched so that the nitride layer has a nearly vertical sidewall. The oxide layer and the substrate in the isolation region are etched to form a recess in the substrate having a sloped surface with respect to the nearly vertical sidewall of the nitride layer. A field oxide is then grown in the recess using a high pressure, dry oxidizing atmosphere. The sloped sidewall of the substrate effectively moves the face of the exposed substrate away from the edge of the nitride layer sidewall. Compared to non-sloped techniques, the oxidation appears to start with a built-in offset from the patterned etch. This leads to a reduction of oxide encroachment and a nearly non-existent birds beak. The desirable range of slopes for the substrate sidewall is approximately 50 -80 with respect to a nearly planar surface of the substrate in the recess.
Most often associated with shamanic practices on the Northwest Coast, raven rattles are held oriented with the birds beak pointing down when used in dance. Additionally, rattles like this are used to channel a shamans spirit guide and can be used in healing ceremonies
WATCH: In a possible world first, a Russell couple has filmed a wild two-week-old kiwi and both its parents emerging from a nest in the dead of night.
GURGAON, India, December 16, 2012 /PRNewswire/ --. Fortis Healthcare International Pte Ltd, a subsidiary of Fortis Healthcare Ltd (Fortis Healthcare) today announced its decision to sell its 64 % stake in Dental Corporation Holdings Ltd (DC), Australia, to Bupa, for a consideration of Aus $ 270 Mn. The deal is expected to be completed in March 2013 subject to shareholder and regulatory approvals.. Malvinder Singh and Shivinder Singh, Executive Chairman and Executive Vice Chairman, Fortis Healthcare Ltd., said, "As a premier healthcare company we are quick to assess the competitive landscape, the opportunities for growth and emerging trends. We are decisive in our response and bold in our actions. The move is good for Fortis as it aligns the company with its current strategic priorities. This will help consolidate our presence as one of the fastest growing healthcare companies in the region.". Fortis had entered DC in Jan 2011 and has since added considerable value to the business growing it from ...
Gouldians Galore is a private breeder of Gouldian, Owl and Self Society finches known for Genetics Information and Early Identification of Gouldian Finch Mutations.
Roger Lederer, Chicos own birder extraordinaire, is a scientist-observer who knows "its not easy being a bird." "Of the many hours I have spent in the field, watching birds flying, feeding, resting, and nesting, I was most affected by those moments when I saw birds searching for food in blowing snow, sitting on the surface of an ocean fighting threatening waves, and flying in serious winds. I wondered: how do birds make it from hatching to adulthood ...
However, the most important part of Huber et al.s part is there microsatellite DNA analyses showing that the large and small beak morphs represent two partially distinct gene pools caused by assortive mating. That is, small beaked females prefer to mate with small beaked males and vice versa. One factor driving these preferences might be selection against birds with intermediate sized beaks, which have been shown to suffer increased mortality relative to the other morphs. Come back in a few years, perhaps by then these two morphs will be reproductively isolated, and officially, different species ...
5.01 miles; stonington, ct. welp, i did it… i hiked 100 miles in november, finishing it up, fittingly, on barn island. this was the place back in january of 2012 where i amazed myself by actually walking 3 whole miles in a row. (just a warning, if you follow that link you wont find much. i really hadnt gotten the hang of this whole blog writing thing yet.) i went with a friend, mr. trails and walks in ri, and when his post goes up you can see the actual photos from this hike. for now, ive posted a photo from a few weeks ago.. ...
This week we are back to the U.S. with what might be a familiar sight. Like too many of our native species and species worldwide, this bird was on the brink of extinction in the U.S. before conservation efforts brought them back. Today they are considered a successful species and are found on every continent except Antarctica ...
Hoot have thought it would be so easy to spot so many birds in the one place? With Destination NSW (DNSW) highlighting NSW as Australias go-to bird watching state, its time to migrate to North Coast Holiday Parks (NCHP) Lennox Head and discover an abundance of birdlife like no other. DNSW CEO Sandra Chipchase calls the […]
(CNN) -- A group of 13 dinosaurs that died in a mud pit in China has yielded an unprecedented discovery. The 154 million-year-old limusaurus had tiny, sharp teeth as a hatchling that it gradually lost as it grew up, according to new research published in the journal Current Biology on Thursday.
I made reference to this specimen back in October, in the comments on the post about Carmel Church birds. This is VMNHs only specimen of a pseudodontorn. Pseudodontorns (Family Pelagornithidae) were gigantic soaring birds thought to be related to pelicans. They get their name from the serration on the beak, which make the beak look like…
And these are the monsters that players cared about. What about the ones he designed that no one ever really understood? Panicking, he flips back to the table of contents to see if the Axebeak, the 160th monster he created, is here. It is not. A prehistoric, ostrich-like creature with a beak the shape (duh) of an axe, an Axebeak has (had?) an AC of 6 (i.e., similar to light chain mail). Two claw attacks per turn with 1-3 hp of damage, and dont forget the beak (another 2-8 hp)! No treasure, but most Axebeaks had 1d4 eggs worth 50-80 gp each. This information will be in his brain forever, and now its useless ...
:heee: I love this. My brother and sister in-law surprised me with a belated (not their fault) birthday gift last week: a resin casting of an Architeuthis...
Im Goldie, a blue and gold macaw about 30 years young. I returned to Mickaboo last fall, after 10 years with a loving family who couldnt keep me anymore. Thats when everyone began finding some serious illnesses that I had been hiding: First, they found I had a terrible sinus infection with a "superbug" (a drug-resistant bacteria). My foster mom noticed I had a nose whistle, I snuffled a lot, and I kept sneezing. I also had a soft, gray, flaking spot on my beak and a white lesion in my mouth, next to the beak spot. My amazing avian veterinarian beat back the sinus infection with an assault of medicines and daily nasal flushes (I HATED that part). Back home, I was well for a while, but then the infection roared back. I also started toppling off my perches, and developed a strange pattern of lesions on my bare legs and under-wings. (I am naked from a brutal self-mutilation I did about 13 years ago, after my mate and chick died in my unhappy original home). Ultrasounds and x-rays revealed that I ...
We lived in a large two story house. There were four big chimneys, as the rooms all had fireplaces. Storks built their nests on top of the chimneys. They went south in winter and came to Turkey about the 25th of March, my older sister Maggies birthday, and they left to fly south the 10th of August on my sister Totties birthday. (Her real name is Mary.) They raised a family of two or three. Storks have long legs and a long neck and beak, as they feed on fish, eels, frogs and anything they can find in swamps and shallow ponds. They always clapped their beaks when they go to their nests. It was a funny noise. It is well they were not there in winter, as the smoke from our fires would not be pleasant. Our manservants name was Yani, the cook was Marigo and the housemaid was named Stasia. Once in two weeks the washerwoman, Katerina, came to wash the clothes. The wash-house was one of a row of out-houses. There was the servants bedroom, then Yanis bedroom, the wash-house and the woodshed. The ...
So today we went over and I got to pick stuff out. Ill post photos ASAP, but the computer here (if it really can be considered a computer) lacks USB drives. I got Rowan tweed, some red and white yarn to make Girl # 2 a stocking and some other stuff, red wool with some other colors twisted in. ...
The Fine Print. The NC discussions are open to anyone. Its a friendly place, easy to join. Just sign in on the comment box with your email address and write your comment. If you stick around, people will get to know you and youre in (except, of course, for the usual credit and criminal record checks, birth and citizenship authentication, school transcripts starting from kindergarten, photocopies of tax records, ID, credit cards, debit cards, etc.). If you turn up often and seem to get the drift of the magazine, youll be invited to submit. Please respect the generally high level of camaraderie and amiability already in evidence. The management wishes to acknowledge the financial support of Douglas "Deep-Pockets" Glover and no one else.. ...
What is perplexing is that the surrounding area is Highland Mesquite/Grasslands at 5200 feet elevation - no suitable hardwood host(s) within sight. So what explains its presence ...
There are two types of people in this world: those who love ROCKY III, and those who wont allow themselves to love ROCKY III. Shawn Levys REAL STEEL is for the unrepentant philistines in the former category. Its an Amblin-esque amalgam...
Double-clicking on a word (or selecting a word or multiple words using keys) in the editor when posting/editing a message now opens a small pop-up where you can select bold, italics, unordered list, ordered list or linking. If linking is selected, a separate window opens up where you can enter the URL (address). Read more & discuss in the About Nikonians forum. ...
Im pretty sure thats an animals penis. You know what the problem with touchscreens are? Nothing. Well, except when you want to use one in the bathtub but cant because your hands are all wet from playing submarine penis...
Needlebeak is preparing a barrage. This is an NPC Ability. A spell from World of Warcraft: Mists of Pandaria. Always up to date with the latest patch.
This database will detail those persons enumerated in the 1841 Census of England and is an every-name index. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to the... ...
This database will detail those persons enumerated in the 1841 Census of England and is an every-name index. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to the... ...
Buy Tribute of the Piercing Beak below market prices. Sell your Tribute of the Piercing Beak for real money you can cash out via PayPal, Bitcoin, and more. 24/7 Live Chat Support.
These eco-and-design conscious sleek flower vases are made of recycled post consumer wine bottles designed by Emma Woffenden. Shop design accents at AHAlife.
MODEL :. FENDI QUTWEET BALL. CONDITION :. NEW. NO.KODE :. 7AR3994CNF0K1R. LEATHER :. 100%FOX FUR+100%LAMB LEATHER. INCLUDE :. BOX, CARD, DUST BAG.. PRICE :. $ 735.00 ( Rp. 10.000.000 ). ...
DEATH RACE is a film for no one. Neither bloody enough to please the gorehounds, nor trashy enough to qualify as a transgressive pleasure, Paul W.S. Andersons lobotomization of Paul Bartels futuristic satire is just a mindless onslaught...
Dear Straight Dope: How do woodpeckers keep from bashing their little brains out when they peck the trees in my yard? Dont they get killer headaches? - Rich Franz. A woodpeckers job isnt as big a headache as it might seem. Several adaptations allow these birds to get their grubs without knocking themselves out. A woodpeckers bill is stoutly built, composed of strong bones covered by a tough horny beak. Species that habitually excavate hard wood (some glean bark or even forage for ants on the ground) have bills with chisel-shaped tips and longitudinal ridges for added strength. As protection against flying chips the nostrils are reduced to slits and shielded by lateral ridges and feathers. One factor in minimizing the impact is that, as in all birds, a woodpeckers brain is much smaller (both absolutely and proportionately) than a humans. Because surface area increases with the square of the linear dimension while mass increases with the cube, impact forces are spread over a relatively ...
When the 2015-2016 Massachusetts legislative session began, we published our comprehensive list of the destructive anti-family bills and good pro-family bills that had been filed in the State House.. It is particularly disturbing that nearly all of the anti-family bills being pushed by the LGBT movement and Planned Parenthood are targeting children.. In the flurry of activity before the Christmas break, many bills got new numbers (and some changes in text). Several education-related bills disappeared as the Joint Education Committee combined them into the Planned Parenthood bill (which really didnt change it much). And disturbingly, some major anti-family bills have moved forward. Its necessary for pro-family people to stay on top of this and be ready to take action. Below is an updated list of the bills with their status. We will continue to update this list as things happen ...
LePage, a staunch marijuana opponent who once called it a deadly gateway drug, is unlikely to sign off on the implementation bill.. He could let the 10-day deadline lapse without action, which would allow the bill to become law without his signature.. But bill supporters are expecting a veto, although he said in a 2014 debate that he would allow legalization if state voters approved. LePage vetoed 120 bills in the legislative session that adjourned last summer.. "I tried to meet with the governor to talk about the bill, but I was denied," said Sen. Roger Katz, R-Augusta, who led a joint select committee that wrote the implementation bill. "Im not holding my breath.". Bill supporters are gearing up for an override, trying to persuade opponents to flip their vote or to stay home, which would help almost as much as a flip.. With a 22-9 win in the Senate, the bill got the two-thirds majority support to pass in that chamber, Katz said. He expects that ratio will hold steady.. But it fell shy of ...
Jane felt lucky to be able to stay in Bills room. Because of the trach, Bill was not able to speak most of the time. She learned to read his lips. And some of the time, he had a speaking valve.. Then another tragedy occurred and Bill ended up back in the ICU. By this time, Bill had been in the hospital for 180 days.. Both Bill and Jane noticed that the care he received at this point had become palliative. They decided it would be in his best interests to move to a long term acute care (LTAC) facility to get him the help he needed.. Jane found a LTAC Facility that was quite successful in getting people off of the ventilator. Bill was moved with the blessings of the staff from the hospital. But within a couple of days, Bill developed an antibiotic resistant strain of pneumonia.. ...
Bill is a noted metal detectorist, having unearthed a number of finds. And, hes also discovered a number of fossils on his travels.. Bill has been detecting for years - and he even has his own Signature Metal Detector, which he designed to be especially appealing to newcomers and children looking to get involved with metal detecting.. While out looking for Roman coins and other ancient artefacts, Bill has also spotted and collected a number of fossils dating back hundreds of millions of years. Fossils discovered by Bill include sea urchins, seashells, belemnites, sponges and even starfish fossils.. Bill says he spotted them while out detecting, and has built up a collection over the years. You can view the gallery of Bills fossil finds below:. ...
Watch the Video: Big Bang Evolution Consistent With Darwins Theory ]. Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online. While most people consider Charles Darwin the father of evolutionary theory, even the great English naturalist himself questioned aspects of his theory based on certain elements of the fossil record.. A new study from a team of English and Australian researchers explores one major flaw in Darwins theory backed by fossil evidence - the so-called big bang of evolution that took place during the Cambrian explosion period between 540 and 520 million years ago.. "The abrupt appearance of dozens of animal groups during this time is arguably the most important evolutionary event after the origin of life," said study author Michael Lee of the University of Adelaides School of Earth and Environmental Sciences.. According to Darwins theory, evolution occurs at a relatively steady pace over a long period of time.. "These seemingly impossibly fast rates of evolution implied by ...
In the past, when you tried to print shipping labels (UCC-128) from the Bill of Lading Maintenance application, the system printed the labels order by order for the orders on the Bill of Lading. The labels were sorted by order number sequence.. For users who always pre-pack and dont use pick-and-pack, there is no scenario where there are different line items in the same pack. Each order line item represents at least a pack. When shipping the entire Bill of Lading, with many orders under this Bill of Lading, the user may want to sort the labels by item sequence instead of order number sequence. This way, they can print the labels for the Bill of Lading and take these labels by item sequence as they pick. Then they can place the labels on the pack as they pick. In order to support this, we have introduced an additional option to Global Setup flag to Cop-Ctl -, Vics Bill of Lading, 2nd screen-, Field 22. Label Ttl Carton by Order, Item or PO. ...
Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) causes the highly contagious, in some cases fatal, psittacine beak and feather disease in parrots. The European continent has no native parrots, yet in the past has been one of the worlds biggest importers of wild-caught exotic parrot species. Following the banning of this practice in 2007, the demand for exotic pet parrots has largely been met by established European breeding facilities, which can also supply buyers outside Europe. However, the years of unregulated importation have provided numerous opportunities for BFDV to enter Europe, meaning the likelihood of birds within captive breeding facilities being BFDV positive is high. This study examined the BFDV status of such facilities in Poland, a country previously shown to have BFDV among captive birds. A total of 209 birds from over 50 captive breeding facilities across Poland were tested, and 43 birds from 18 different facilities tested positive for BFDV. The full BFDV genomes from these 43 positive ...
Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) is a viral disease distributed worldwide with a potentially critical impact on many rare parrots. While efforts have been made to determine its prevalence...
Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV), the causative agent of psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) infects psittaciformes worldwide. We provide an annotated sequence record of three full-length...
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Looking for online definition of Ornithorhynchus anatinus in the Medical Dictionary? Ornithorhynchus anatinus explanation free. What is Ornithorhynchus anatinus? Meaning of Ornithorhynchus anatinus medical term. What does Ornithorhynchus anatinus mean?
Charles Darwins Illness - One step Forward, One step Back.. The diagnosis of Darwins illness may perhaps be moved forward and the actual mtDNA mutation that was the cause of his illness identified. The alternate diagnoses that have been suggested, in particular those of lactose intolerance and a Meniere type disorder can be explained by the same mutation. Darwins illness may also be traced back a further generation to his mothers mother who had symptoms herself as well as three, perhaps four afflicted children.[1]. As well as symptoms that are commonly associated with CVS Darwin had several other symptoms, symptoms not seen in CVS - episodes of memory loss and partial paralysis.[2] These were stroke-like episodes, characteristic of the MELAS syndrome.[3] Headaches, visual disturbances, peripheral neuropathy and abdominal pain may occur in patients with CVS but also occur in the MELAS syndrome. 80% of patients with the MELAS syndrome have an A3243G mtDNA mutation; the same mutation has been ...
Only 10 states allow retail sales of unpasteurized raw milk. Federal law prohibits the interstate sale of raw milk. Local, state and federal public health officials advise against drinking unpasteurized milk because of the high risk of it being contaminated with bacterial pathogens including E. coli, Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes and Campylobacter.. Republican Sen. Nicholas Kettle introduced the Rhode Island bill one day before the Feb. 16 filing deadline. It is pending before the Senate Environment and Agriculture Committee.. "(The bill) establishes procedures and standards promulgated by the milk commission for the handling and sale of raw milk in the state and would provide civil fines for violations," according to the so-called plain language version of the two-page bill. Rhode Island law requires all bills include "plain language.". The bill leaves the mechanics of permits and establishing rules and regulations to the states milk commission, but specifically addresses two details - ...
Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes of receptors: GABAA, GABAB, and GABAC receptors. GABAA and GABAC receptors are ionotropic and mediate fast GABA responses by triggering chloride channel openings, while GABAB receptors are metabotropic and mediate slower GABA responses by activating G-proteins and influencing second messenger systems. GABAA receptors, the major sites for fast inhibitory neurotransmission in the CNS, are regulated by phosphorylation mechanisms, affecting both their functional properties and their cell surface mobility and trafficking. GABA release by the presynaptic terminal is negatively regulated by GABAB autoreceptors, and is cleared from the extracellular space by GABA transporters (GATs) located either on the presynaptic terminal or neighboring glial cells ...
This spring, South Dakota Governor Dennis Daugaard vetoed a bill that would have prevented transgender students from using restrooms, locker rooms, and showers that match their gender identity.. With the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of South Dakota and LGBT activists in the state, Human Rights Watch was an early and persistent voice against the bill, called HB 1008. After the bill was introduced, we wrote to legislators highlighting our firsthand research about the impact that such restrictions have on the dignity, privacy, safety, and health of transgender students, and sent a researcher to the state to speak with students and monitor the laws progress through the legislature in Pierre, South Dakotas capital. After a number of groups, including Human Rights Watch, conveyed concern, the governor vetoed the bill.. In response to an unprecedented number of bills targeting transgender students, Human Rights Watch has also spoken out against so-called "bathroom bills" in Tennessee, North ...

Upper beak descriptionUpper beak description

Heteroteuthis hawaiiensis: Description of the upper beak. Richard E. Young About anaglyph 3D: Photographs here are in 3D, using ... Page: Tree of Life Heteroteuthis hawaiiensis: Description of the upper beak Authored by Richard E. Young. The TEXT of this page ... The form of the beak is far easier to interpret in 3D and we strongly recommend to the viewer that the glasses be obtained ( ... Side view of the upper beak of H. hawaiiensis, sex unknown (presumably mature female), 22 mm ML, 1.1 mm URL, Hawaiian waters. ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/articles/?article_id=5304

Upper beak descriptionUpper beak description

Page: Tree of Life Teuthowenia megalops: Description of the upper beak Authored by Richard E. Young. The TEXT of this page is ... Teuthowenia megalops: Description of the upper beak. Richard E. Young About anaglyph 3D: Photographs here are in 3D, using ... The form of the beak is far easier to interpret in 3D and we strongly recommend to the viewer that the glasses be obtained ( ... this is especially helpful when viewing enlarged images - i.e. click on the image). These beak photographs were made using Red ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/articles/?article_id=5487

Upper beak descriptionUpper beak description

Slosarczykovia circumantarctica: Description of the upper beak. Richard E. Young About anaglyph 3D: Photographs here are in 3D ... The form of the beak is far easier to interpret in 3D and we strongly recommend to the viewer that the glasses be obtained ( ... Page: Tree of Life Slosarczykovia circumantarctica: Description of the upper beak Authored by Richard E. Young. The TEXT of ... this is especially helpful when viewing enlarged images - i.e. click on the image). These beak photographs were made using Red ...
more infohttp://www.tolweb.org/notes/?note_id=5259

Upper beak descriptionUpper beak description

Galiteuthis armata: Description of the upper beak. Richard E. Young About anaglyph 3D: Photographs here are in 3D, using ... Page: Tree of Life Galiteuthis armata: Description of the upper beak Authored by Richard E. Young. The TEXT of this page is ... The form of the beak is far easier to interpret in 3D and we strongly recommend to the viewer that the glasses be obtained ( ... this is especially helpful when viewing enlarged images - i.e. click on the image). These beak photographs were made using Red ...
more infohttp://www.tolweb.org/notes/?note_id=5567

Beak Deformities in LandbirdsBeak Deformities in Landbirds

A Black-capped Chickadee with a severely deformed beak where the upper beak is elongated and curved down while the lower beak ... A Black-capped Chickadee with a severely deformed beak where the upper beak is elongated and curved down while the lower beak ... Beak Deformitys Effects on Birds Birds with beak deformities often have difficulty foraging and preening, and may not be able ... Black-capped Chickadee with a deformed beak on a suet ball A Black-capped Chickadee with a deformed beak trying to eat at a ...
more infohttps://www.usgs.gov/centers/asc/science/beak-deformities-landbirds?qt-science_center_objects=3

Beaked whale - WikipediaBeaked whale - Wikipedia

Cuviers beaked whales must forage on average at 1,070 m (3,510 ft) for 58 minutes and Blainvilles beaked whales typically ... The oldest one ever recorded was 84 years for a male Bairds beaked whale, and the oldest recorded female Bairds beaked whale ... These toothed whales are distinguished by their elongated beaks. Among air-breathing animals, beaked whales are some of the ... Determining group size of beaked whale is difficult, due to their inconspicuous surfacing behavior. Groups of beaked whales, ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beaked_whale

Bird Beak MasksBird Beak Masks

These bird beak masks wont exactly make you an ornithologist, but they will provide a super bird time! Be a toucan, flamingo ... Bird Beak Masks Bird Beak Masks is rated 4.0 out of 5 by 1. ... how many of the larger yellow beaks (with red tips) will come ... Get birdie with it! These bird beak masks wont exactly make you an ornithologist, but they will provide a super bird time! Be ... Get birdie with it! These bird beak masks wont exactly make you an ornithologist, but they will provide a super bird time! Be ...
more infohttps://www.orientaltrading.com/bird-beak-masks-a2-13780057.fltr

Beak - PixdausBeak - Pixdaus

Pixdaus.com is an environmental photo-bookmarking and sharing service. All the pictures are uploaded by users and the copyrights belong to the rightholders. You can request a removal using the Copyright flag link below each image if you find an image that shouldnt belong here ...
more infohttp://pixdaus.com/beak/items/tag/beak/48/

Beak Deformitys Effects on BirdsBeak Deformity's Effects on Birds

Stellers Jay with lower beak longer than upper beak A Stellers Jay with a deformed beak, the bottom being longer than the top ... A Black-capped Chickadee with a severely deformed beak where the upper beak is elongated and curved down while the lower beak ... Stellers Jay with deformed beak at a bird feeder A Stellers Jay with a deformed beak at a bird feeder. This photo was from an ... Beak Deformities in Landbirds Over the past 20 years, Alaskans have witnessed a startling increase of beak deformities among ...
more infohttps://www.usgs.gov/centers/asc/science/beak-deformitys-effects-birds

The Beak Speaks/Chicken SchoolThe Beak Speaks/Chicken School

THE BEAK SPEAKS: Mark is concerned that his dad has too much to do since his mum left - looking after him and his sister Tammy ...
more infohttps://www.penguin.co.uk/books/186534/the-beak-speaks-chicken-school/9780141336190.html

Silver-beaked tanager - WikipediaSilver-beaked tanager - Wikipedia

The silver-beaked tanager (Ramphocelus carbo) is a medium-sized passerine bird. This tanager is a resident breeder in South ... The silver-beaked tanager is often seen in groups of six to ten, frequently giving a call described as cheeng. Its song is a ... The silver-beaked tanager was first described by the German naturalist Peter Simon Pallas in 1764 and given the binomial name ... Silver-beaked tanagers are 18 centimetres (7 in) long and weigh 25 grams (0.88 oz). Adult males are velvety crimson black with ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silver-beaked_tanager

Bird Beak SL1Bird Beak SL1

The Bird Beak SL tents are one of the most versatile backpacking tents on the market. The exoskeleton pole-system frame design ...
more infohttps://www.bigagnes.com/Bird-Beak-SL1

Beak Trimming | BackYard ChickensBeak Trimming | BackYard Chickens

... but it shows his beak with his mouth closed: [ATTACH] ... Beak Trimming Discussion in Managing Your Flock started by ... I have no experience with beak trimming, dont know if there is a quick or not. I dont know how likely the beak is to shatter ... I have Susan who has a crooked beak. It does restrict her a little but she is eating okay. I know that many would despatch her ... Definitely what we would call a Friday afternoon hen, crooked beak, cross eyed, flat feet (walks like shes wearing wellies too ...
more infohttps://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/beak-trimming.1283928/

crooked beak? | BackYard Chickenscrooked beak? | BackYard Chickens

We acquired a girl with a crooked beak. Shes sweet and lays her eggs like a good girl. seems to have no problems eating. A bit ... Just nip off bits of the front edges of the top beak a little at a time. If you get into the quick, it will bleed like mad but ... We acquired a girl with a crooked beak. Shes sweet and lays her eggs like a good girl. seems to have no problems eating. A bit ... crooked beak? Discussion in Emergencies / Diseases / Injuries and Cures started by wildfire8, May 25, 2012. ...
more infohttps://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/crooked-beak.669447/

Noisy Parrot Inspires Beak-Driven Bird Buggy | WIREDNoisy Parrot Inspires Beak-Driven 'Bird Buggy' | WIRED

So, Gray built a small buggy for Pepper to drive by beak. ... Pepper the parrot drives the Bird Buggy with his beak. Florida ... Pepper the parrot drives the Bird Buggy with his beak. Florida engineer Andrew Gray invented the cart to get his pet bird to ... To alleviate the squawking, Gray built a small cart Pepper can drive easily with his beak. Its a distraction to give the grey ... Sure enough, Pepper took to cruising around on four wheels, driving the small, boxy blue buggy by way of a beak-steered ...
more infohttps://www.wired.com/2012/12/buggy-driving-parrot/

Deep Time In a Birds Beak | ScienceBlogsDeep Time In a Bird's Beak | ScienceBlogs

Big-beaked birds such as the ground finch made a lot of BMP-4 early on in development in the cells of their jaws. The slender- ... As Jonathan Weiner recounts in his excellent The Beak of the Finch, later generations of biologists came back to the Galapagos ... Alter the timing of BMP ever so slightly in a finchs developing beak, and it may be prepared to survive a drought by cracking ... After all, their beaks were dramaticall different from one another--some blunt, some narrow, some curved. Not surprisingly, the ...
more infohttps://scienceblogs.com/loom/2004/09/13/deep-time-in-a-birds-beak

bird beak 7 - Pixdausbird beak 7 - Pixdaus

Pixdaus.com is an environmental photo-bookmarking and sharing service. All the pictures are uploaded by users and the copyrights belong to the rightholders. You can request a removal using the Copyright flag link below each image if you find an image that shouldnt belong here ...
more infohttp://pixdaus.com/bird-beak-7/items/view/576026/

How to Make a Origami Bird Beak | eHowHow to Make a Origami Bird Beak | eHow

It should be a short distance away from the beak points. The exact amount is up to you and how you want your bird beak to look ... Bird beaks can be many different shapes and sizes. (Image: Medioimages/Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images). Origami is a form of ... The origami bird beak can be added to other projects, used as a decoration or even used as a mask or toy. When completed ... Fold the right-hand corner up and to the left at an angle, so that what was the bottom right-hand edge now lies along the beak ...
more infohttps://www.ehow.com/how_10004566_make-origami-bird-beak.html

3-D Parrotfish Beak [video] | EurekAlert! Science News3-D Parrotfish Beak [video] | EurekAlert! Science News

... shows a 3-D rendering of one-quarter of a parrotfish beak. The denser, enamel-like structure (enameloid) is shown in yellow and ... shows a 3-D rendering of one-quarter of a parrotfish beak. The denser, enamel-like structure (enameloid) is shown in yellow and ...
more infohttps://eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/155938.php

Bird Beaks | CurrikiBird Beaks | Curriki

... students will explore the relationship between a birds beak and its ability to find food and survive in a given environment. ... In this lesson, students will explore the relationship between a birds beak and its ability to find food and survive in a ... In this lesson, students will explore the relationship between a birds beak and its ability to find food and survive in a ... Bird Beaks. Website Address:https://www.curriki.org/oer/Bird-Beaks-5039 ...
more infohttps://www.curriki.org/oer/Bird-Beaks-5039

beak - definition and meaningbeak - definition and meaning

beak: The horny, projecting structure forming the mandibles of a bird, especially one that is strong, sharp, and useful in ... In cock-fighting, to seize or strike with the beak.. * To ram (a ship) with the beak or prow so as to penetrate the hull in an ... n. Anything ending in a point like a beak.. *n. A gas-burner having a round smooth hole of an inch in diameter; a birds-mouth. ... Rukh carrying off three elephants in beak and pounces with the proportions of a hawk and field mice: and the Rukh hawking at an ...
more infohttps://wordnik.com/words/beak

Bird beak deformities show big rise: study  | CBC NewsBird beak deformities show big rise: study | CBC News

Scientists have observed the highest rate of beak abnormalities ever recorded in wild bird populations in Alaska and the ... Bird beak deformities show big rise: study Scientists have observed the highest rate of beak abnormalities ever recorded in ... The deformity showed up in adult birds, most often in the upper beak but sometimes in the lower beak or both. ... The keratin layer of the beak becomes overgrown, resulting in elongated and often crossed beaks. ...
more infohttps://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/bird-beak-deformities-show-big-rise-study-1.913952

Echidna broken beakEchidna broken beak

Determined to save the life of this echidna Kim agreed to take the journey north to the hospital where it would receive the keyhole surgery it so desperately needed for its survival. WIRES sought the approval of NPWS to transport the echidna over the border and once we had this Kim and the echidna were on their way. Upon initial assessment at the CWH it was found that the echidna was female and so she was promptly named "Edna". To recover from her surgery Edna was kept under observation at Currumbin for a further 8 days, after which time she was transported back into NSW to start her rehabilitation process with WIRES. Edna then recovered under the watchful and loving eyes of WIRES Northern Rivers echidna coordinator Sharon McGrigor. Her rehabilitation involved spending the next week in a hospital environment where Edna could receive the antibiotics she needed to prevent infection. After her first seven days in WIRES care, Edna visited Lismore Veterinary Clinic for X-rays to assess whether her ...
more infohttp://wiresnr.org/Echidnabrokenbeak.html

Beak - WikipediaBeak - Wikipedia

The terms beak an rostrum are an aa used tae refer tae a similar muithpart in some Ornithischian dinosaurs, monotremes, ... The beak, bill, or rostrum is an freemit anatomical structur o birds which is uised for eatin an for groomin, manipulatin ... Altho beaks vary significantly in size, shape an colour, thay share a seemilar unnerlyin structur. Twa bony projections-the ... Comparison o bird beaks, displayin different shapes adaptit tae different feedin methods. Nae tae scale. ...
more infohttps://sco.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beak

beak problemsbeak problems

Most recently, the last 2 days, the very tip of his beak is now almost white. THe upper half has not changed colors at all and ... At first I thought that it was cracked, then after watching it for a few days, saw nothing different with the beak or any ... Now for about the last 2 months, Ive noticed some changes in his beak. ... Re: beak problems Birds beak growing white is normal, dont worry this happens in the case of parrots.My parrot also has white ...
more infohttp://www.animalforum.com/showthread.php/371-beak-problems?s=a64f2168941887c16353c46876aeb290&p=250069
  • In this lesson, students will explore the relationship between a bird's beak and its ability to find food and survive in a given environment. (curriki.org)
  • Large numbers of Black-capped Chickadees with abnormal beaks were reported in south-central Alaska in the late 1990s. (usgs.gov)
  • These bird beak masks won't exactly make you an ornithologist, but they will provide a super bird time! (orientaltrading.com)
  • The silver-beaked tanager ( Ramphocelus carbo ) is a medium-sized passerine bird . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bird Beak SL tents are one of the most versatile backpacking tents on the market. (bigagnes.com)
  • Pepper the parrot drives the Bird Buggy with his beak. (wired.com)
  • Bird beaks can be many different shapes and sizes. (ehow.com)
  • Simple origami designs, such as the bird beak, are often just as exciting to make as more challenging ones. (ehow.com)
  • The origami bird beak can be added to other projects, used as a decoration or even used as a mask or toy. (ehow.com)
  • The exact amount is up to you and how you want your bird beak to look. (ehow.com)
  • Open and close the bird beak by gently folding and unfolding the paper in half horizontally. (ehow.com)
  • Any process somewhat like the beak of a bird, terminating the fruit or other parts of a plant. (wordnik.com)
  • Scientists have observed the highest rate of beak abnormalities ever recorded in wild bird populations in Alaska and the Northwest, a study by two United States federal scientists says. (cbc.ca)
  • Comparison o bird beaks, displayin different shapes adaptit tae different feedin methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike the upper jaw of mammals, a parrot's upper beak is flexible and capable of some movement and you can daily checking the health of your bird. (animalforum.com)
  • Birds beak growing white is normal, don't worry this happens in the case of parrots.My parrot also has white beak at the tip.Though please post the pic of the bird so that i can analyse further.If you really feel bird is having some problem please consult some expert nearby. (animalforum.com)
  • Before we go into detail about the differences between beaks, let's think about all the types of bird beaks there are and why they are all so different. (peregrinefund.org)
  • Quite clearly, what a bird eats has a big influence on the shape and size of its beak, and the type of beak a bird has determines, in part, what it can eat. (peregrinefund.org)
  • A Snail Kite's beak makes it difficult for the bird to feed on a monkey. (peregrinefund.org)
  • Although Ichthyornis 's pincerlike beak was limited to the tip of its snout, it was likely used, like modern-day bird beaks, for precision tasks such as preening feathers and holding small objects. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The jaw muscles, which allow the bird to close its beak, attach to the proximal end of the lower mandible and to the bird's skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • Look for cracks, overgrowth, or discoloration of the beak and including different textures of perches, including cement perches specifically made for beak and nail health. (animalforum.com)
  • Four new fossils of Ichthyornis, which had both a beak and teeth and lived a lifestyle like modern gulls, offer striking evidence of this Cretaceous Period bird's important position in avian evolutionary history, researchers said on Wednesday. (reuters.com)
  • While older primitive birds like Confuciusornis, from 125 million years ago, sported a beak, the small one on Ichthyornis was the first known to have modern attributes like a "pincer tip" for grasping, pecking and fine manipulation. (reuters.com)
  • The finding also offers insights into what Ichthyornis 's beak might have looked like. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The team's scans revealed roughened patches of bone particularly rich in blood vessels-the same sort of features that underlie the keratinous sheath that makes up the beaks of modern-day birds-near the tips of Ichthyornis 's upper and lower jaws, Bhullar says. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Big-beaked birds such as the ground finch made a lot of BMP-4 early on in development in the cells of their jaws. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Its sharp teeth probably would have assisted in holding onto slippery marine prey, while the incipient beak at the tips of its jaws probably would have allowed it to manipulate objects with fine dexterity such as modern birds can do, and preen its feathers," University of Bath paleontologist Daniel Field said. (reuters.com)
  • All beaks are composed of two jaws, generally known as the upper mandible (or maxilla) and lower mandible (or mandible). (wikipedia.org)
  • The beak , bill , or rostrum is an freemit anatomical structur o birds which is uised for eatin an for groomin, manipulatin objects, killin prey, fichtin, probin for fuid, courtship an feedin young. (wikipedia.org)
  • They have long pointed beaks like a sword that they use to spear their prey. (peregrinefund.org)
  • The Mauritius Kestrel has a short, stout beak for eating small prey like lizards, insects, and small birds. (peregrinefund.org)
  • The beak, bill, or rostrum is an external anatomical structure of birds that is used for eating and for preening, manipulating objects, killing prey, fighting, probing for food, courtship and feeding young. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Grants wondered what sort of mutations were fueling this extraordinary evolution of beaks on the Galapagos. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Adaptive changes in beak size/shape could then be considered "epigenetic" - sensitive to selection pressures, but not a result of random mutations in the beak gene. (wordnik.com)
  • Changes in beak traits is the prediction based on how Natural Selection works. (wordnik.com)
  • Size, shape, and strength of chick beak is impacted when the gene is manipulated. (wordnik.com)
  • Looking at the size and shape of its beak will give you clues about what it eats! (peregrinefund.org)
  • Now, high-tech analyses of four fossilized three-dimensional skulls provide tantalizing hints about what the beak of this iconic creature might have looked like as well as clues about the evolution of early birds. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Deformed beaks also can prevent adequate preening, she said, leaving feathers matted, dirty and without insulating value needed to survive the cold. (cbc.ca)
  • Side view of the upper beak of H. hawaiiensis , sex unknown (presumably mature female), 22 mm ML, 1.1 mm URL, Hawaiian waters. (tolweb.org)
  • Oral (left), frontal (center) and posterior (right) views of the upper beak of H. hawaiiensis , sex unknown (presumably mature female), 22 mm ML, 1.1 mm URL, Hawaiian waters. (tolweb.org)
  • The upper beak of a psittacine is made up of a couple of bones that are attached to a hinge to the bones of the braincase and the horny tissue over it. (animalforum.com)
  • However, unlike a parrot's beak, the lower beak of the colossal squid overlaps the upper beak. (tepapa.govt.nz)
  • The upper, and in some cases the lower, mandibles are strengthened internally by a complex three-dimensional network of bony spicules (or trabeculae) seated in soft connective tissue and surrounded by the hard outer layers of the beak. (wikipedia.org)
  • The observer must rely on often subtle differences in size, color, forehead shape, and beak length. (wikipedia.org)
  • These founders gave rise to different lineages, each of which adapted to the islands with a special beak shape of its own. (scienceblogs.com)
  • During the colossal squid examination at Te Papa, a smaller colossal squid was dissected and the beak removed while the scientists waited for the larger colossal squid to thaw in the tank. (tepapa.govt.nz)
  • Inside the beak, just before the start of the oesophagus, the food is shredded up further by the radula, which is rather like a tongue with teeth. (tepapa.govt.nz)
  • Though its beak is strong, it is not strong enough to break into the bones, which make up about 80% of this vulture's diet. (peregrinefund.org)
  • There is a vascular layer between the rhamphotheca and the deeper layers of the dermis, which is attached directly to the periosteum of the bones of the beak. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, aside from dentition and size, very few morphological differences exist between male and female beaked whales. (wikipedia.org)
  • They use their beaks like we might use a knife and fork: to cut their food, to eat, and to feed their young. (peregrinefund.org)
  • If she eats well enough to live, trim her beak back now and then, it will help her scoop food up. (backyardchickens.com)
  • These beak photographs were made using Red and Cyan Anachrome Aviator Glasses (see: http://www.anachrome.com/glassbuy.htm or http://www.amazon.com) which cost under $10.00 (USD). (tolweb.org)
  • The beak is made of chitin and is surrounded by muscular tissue. (tepapa.govt.nz)
  • Parrots, also not raptors, have extra strong beaks designed for cracking hard nuts and seeds. (peregrinefund.org)
  • To alleviate the squawking, Gray built a small cart Pepper can drive easily with his beak. (wired.com)
  • Sure enough, Pepper took to cruising around on four wheels, driving the small, boxy blue buggy by way of a beak-steered joystick control. (wired.com)
  • As you can imagine, big birds tend to have bigger beaks and small birds smaller beaks, but there is more to it than that. (peregrinefund.org)
  • With its large feet and beak, a Harpy Eagle would be hard pressed to catch a snail. (peregrinefund.org)
  • Large numbers of colossal squid beaks have been found in the stomach contents of stranded sperm whales. (tepapa.govt.nz)
  • When completed correctly, the beak will open and close as you bend the paper. (ehow.com)