Batrachoidiformes: An order of bottom fishes with short, small, spinous dorsal fins. It is comprised of one family (Batrachoididae) and about 70 species.Scrophulariaceae: The figwort plant family of the order Lamiales. The family is characterized by bisexual flowers with tubular corollas (fused petals) that are bilaterally symmetrical (two-lips) and have four stamens in most, two of which are usually shorter.Short Interspersed Nucleotide Elements: Highly repeated sequences, 100-300 bases long, which contain RNA polymerase III promoters. The primate Alu (ALU ELEMENTS) and the rodent B1 SINEs are derived from 7SL RNA, the RNA component of the signal recognition particle. Most other SINEs are derived from tRNAs including the MIRs (mammalian-wide interspersed repeats).Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Orbital Diseases: Diseases of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.Emericella: A genus in the family Trichocomaceae, order EUROTIALES. The anamorph is ASPERGILLUS.Cyprinodontiformes: An order of fish with eight families and numerous species of both egg-laying and livebearing fish. Families include Cyprinodontidae (egg-laying KILLIFISHES;), FUNDULIDAEl; (topminnows), Goodeidae (Mexican livebearers), Jenynsiidae (jenynsiids), Poeciliidae (livebearers), Profundulidae (Middle American killifishes), Aplocheilidae, and Rivulidae (rivulines). In the family Poeciliidae, the guppy and molly belong to the genus POECILIA.ParisAtlantic OceanFishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Developmental Biology: The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.Perches: A common name for fish of the family Percidae, belonging to the suborder Percoidei, order PERCIFORMES.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.Gestalt Therapy: A form of psychotherapy with emphasis on the interplay of organism and environment. Basic to this therapy is the development of awareness and maturity, as well as self-confidence.Esocidae: A family of freshwater fish of the order ESOCIFORMES, comprising the pikes, inhabiting the waters of the Northern Hemisphere. There is one genus, Esox, with five species: northern pike, grass pickerel, chain pickerel, muskellunge, and Amur pike.Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Carbonates: Salts or ions of the theoretical carbonic acid, containing the radical CO2(3-). Carbonates are readily decomposed by acids. The carbonates of the alkali metals are water-soluble; all others are insoluble. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Transferrin: An iron-binding beta1-globulin that is synthesized in the LIVER and secreted into the blood. It plays a central role in the transport of IRON throughout the circulation. A variety of transferrin isoforms exist in humans, including some that are considered markers for specific disease states.Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP, L-glutamate, and NH3 to ADP, orthophosphate, and L-glutamine. It also acts more slowly on 4-methylene-L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 6.3.1.2.Saccule and Utricle: Two membranous sacs within the vestibular labyrinth of the INNER EAR. The saccule communicates with COCHLEAR DUCT through the ductus reuniens, and communicates with utricle through the utriculosaccular duct from which the ENDOLYMPHATIC DUCT arises. The utricle and saccule have sensory areas (acoustic maculae) which are innervated by the VESTIBULAR NERVE.Vocalization, Animal: Sounds used in animal communication.Chordata: Phylum in the domain Eukarya, comprised of animals either with fully developed backbones (VERTEBRATES), or those with notochords only during some developmental stage (CHORDATA, NONVERTEBRATE).Air Sacs: Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Atelinae: A subfamily in the family ATELIDAE, comprising three genera: woolly monkeys (Lagothrix), spider monkeys (Ateles), and woolly spider monkeys (Brachyteles).Smegmamorpha: Group of fish under the superorder Acanthopterygii, separate from the PERCIFORMES, which includes swamp eels, mullets, sticklebacks, seahorses, spiny eels, rainbowfishes, and KILLIFISHES. The name is derived from the six taxa which comprise the group. (From http://www.nanfa.org/articles/Elassoma/elassoma.htm, 8/4/2000)SingaporePlankton: Community of tiny aquatic PLANTS and ANIMALS, and photosynthetic BACTERIA, that are either free-floating or suspended in the water, with little or no power of locomotion. They are divided into PHYTOPLANKTON and ZOOPLANKTON.Skates (Fish): The common name for all members of the Rajidae family. Skates and rays are members of the same order (Rajiformes). Skates have weak electric organs.Musculoskeletal Physiological Processes: Biological actions and functions of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Cypriniformes: An order of fish with 26 families and over 3,000 species. This order includes the families CYPRINIDAE (minnows and CARPS), Cobitidae (loaches), and Catostomidae (suckers).Hydrozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA which alternates between polyp and medusa forms during their life cycle. There are over 2700 species in five orders.Civilization: The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.Cyprinidae: A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.Characidae: A family of fresh water fish in the order CHARACIFORMES, which includes the Tetras.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Delphi Technique: An iterative questionnaire designed to measure consensus among individual responses. In the classic Delphi approach, there is no interaction between responder and interviewer.Receptors, Glucocorticoid: Cytoplasmic proteins that specifically bind glucocorticoids and mediate their cellular effects. The glucocorticoid receptor-glucocorticoid complex acts in the nucleus to induce transcription of DNA. Glucocorticoids were named for their actions on blood glucose concentration, but they have equally important effects on protein and fat metabolism. Cortisol is the most important example.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Urea: A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Sharks: A group of elongate elasmobranchs. Sharks are mostly marine fish, with certain species large and voracious.Eels: Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.Elapidae: A family of extremely venomous snakes, comprising coral snakes, cobras, mambas, kraits, and sea snakes. They are widely distributed, being found in the southern United States, South America, Africa, southern Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. The elapids include three subfamilies: Elapinae, Hydrophiinae, and Lauticaudinae. Like the viperids, they have venom fangs in the front part of the upper jaw. The mambas of Africa are the most dangerous of all snakes by virtue of their size, speed, and highly toxic venom. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, p329-33)Snakes: Limbless REPTILES of the suborder Serpentes.Erabutoxins: Toxins isolated from the venom of Laticauda semifasciata, a sea snake (Hydrophid); immunogenic, basic polypeptides of 62 amino acids, folded by four disulfide bonds, block neuromuscular end-plates irreversibly, thus causing paralysis and severe muscle damage; they are similar to Elapid neurotoxins.Elapid Venoms: Venoms from snakes of the family Elapidae, including cobras, kraits, mambas, coral, tiger, and Australian snakes. The venoms contain polypeptide toxins of various kinds, cytolytic, hemolytic, and neurotoxic factors, but fewer enzymes than viper or crotalid venoms. Many of the toxins have been characterized.Snake Venoms: Solutions or mixtures of toxic and nontoxic substances elaborated by snake (Ophidia) salivary glands for the purpose of killing prey or disabling predators and delivered by grooved or hollow fangs. They usually contain enzymes, toxins, and other factors.

Mutually exclusive muscle designs: the power output of the locomotory and sonic muscles of the oyster toadfish (Opsanus tau). (1/75)

Animals perform a vast array of motor activities. Although it has generally been accepted that muscles are well suited to the function that they must perform, specialization for performing one function may compromise their ability for carrying out another. We examined this principle in the toadfish muscular system: slow-twitch red and fast-twitch white myotomal muscles are used for powering swimming at relatively low frequencies, while the superfast swimbladder muscle powers mating calls by contracting at 100 Hz. We measured muscle power output over a wide range of frequencies. The red and white locomotory muscles could not generate power over ca. 2.2 and 12 Hz, respectively and, hence, could not power sound production. In contrast, the swimbladder muscle has many specializations that permit it to generate power at frequencies in excess of 100 Hz. However, these specializations drastically reduce its power output at low frequencies: the swimbladder muscle generated only one-twentieth of the power of the red muscle and one-seventh of the power of the white muscle at the frequencies used during swimming. To generate the same total power needed for swimming would require unfeasibly large amounts of swimbladder muscle that could not fit into the fish. Hence, the designs of the swimbladder and locomotory muscles are mutually exclusive.  (+info)

Neural readaptation to Earth's gravity following return from space. (2/75)

The consequence of exposure to microgravity on the otolith organs was studied by recording the responses of vestibular nerve afferents supplying the utricular otolith organ to inertial accelerations in four toadfish, Opsanus tau, sequentially for 5 days following two National Aeronautics and Space Administration shuttle orbital flights. Within the first day postflight, the magnitude of response to an applied translation was on average three times greater than for controls. The reduced gravitational acceleration in orbit apparently resulted in an upregulation of the sensitivity of utricular afferents. By 30 h postflight, responses were statistically similar to control. The time course of return to normal afferent sensitivity parallels the reported decrease in vestibular disorientation in astronauts following return from space.  (+info)

Anatomical distribution and cellular basis for high levels of aromatase activity in the brain of teleost fish: aromatase enzyme and mRNA expression identify glia as source. (3/75)

Although teleost fish have higher levels of brain aromatase activity than any other vertebrate group, its function remains speculative, and no study has identified its cellular basis. A previous study determined aromatase activity in a vocal fish, the plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus), and found highest levels in the telencephalon and lower levels in the sonic hindbrain, which was dimorphic between and within (males) sexes. We have now localized aromatase-containing cells in the midshipman brain both by immunocytochemistry using teleost-specific aromatase antibodies and by in situ hybridization using midshipman-specific aromatase probes. Aromatase-immuno-reactivity and mRNA hybridization signal are consistent with relative levels of aromatase activity in different brain regions: concentrated in the dimorphic sonic motor nucleus, in a band just beneath the periaqueductal gray in the midbrain, in ventricular regions in the hypothalamus, and highest levels in the telencephalon especially in preoptic and ventricular areas. Surprisingly, double-label immunofluorescence does not show aromatase-immunoreactive colocalization in neurons, but instead in radial glia throughout the brain. This is the first study to identify aromatase expression mostly, if not entirely, in glial cells under normal rather than brain injury-dependent conditions. The abundance of aromatase in teleosts may represent an adaptation linked to continual neurogenesis that is known to occur throughout an individual's lifetime among fishes. The localization of aromatase within the intersexually and intrasexually dimorphic vocal-motor circuit further implies a function in the expression of alternative male reproductive phenotypes and, more generally, the development of natural, individual variation of specific brain nuclei.  (+info)

Relationship between inner-ear fluid pressure and semicircular canal afferent nerve discharge. (4/75)

The present study was designed to determine (1) the transcupular fluid pressure (deltaP) generated across the semicircular canal cupula in response to sinusoidal head rotation, (2) the translabyrinthine dilational pressure (P0) generated across the membranous labyrinth in response to an increase in endolymph fluid volume (hydrops), (3) afferent nerve discharge patterns generated by these distinct pressure stimuli and, (4) threshold values of deltaP and P0 required to elicit afferent neural responses. The experimental model was the oyster toadfish, Opsanus tau. Micromechanical indentation of the horizontal canal (HC) duct and utricular vestibule was used to simulate sinusoidal head rotation and fluid volume injection. Single-unit neural spike trains and endolymph pressure within the ampulla, on both sides of the cupula, were recorded simultaneously. deltaP averaged 0.013 Pa per 1 degrees/s of sinusoidal angular head velocity and P0 averaged 0.2 Pa per 1 nL of endolymph volume injection. The most responsive afferents had a threshold sensitivity to deltaP of 10(-3) Pa and to P0 of 5 x 10(-2) Pa based on a discharge modulation criterion of 1 impulse/s per cycle for 2 Hz pressure stimuli. Neural sensitivity to AP was expected on the basis of transverse cupular and hair bundle deflections. Analysis of mechanics of the end organ, neuronal projections into the crista, and individual neural firing patterns indicates that P0 sensitivity resulted from pressure-induced distension of the ampulla that led to a nonuniform cupular deformation pattern and hair bundle deflections. This explanation is consistent with predictions of a finite element model of the end organ. Results have implications regarding the role of deltaP in angular motion transduction and the role of P0 under transient hydropic conditions.  (+info)

Seasonal plasticity of peripheral auditory frequency sensitivity. (5/75)

Female midshipman fish (Porichthys notatus) use the auditory sense to detect and locate vocalizing males during the breeding season. Detection of conspecific vocal signals is essential to their reproductive success and can evoke strong phonotactic responses in gravid females but not in spent females that have released all of their eggs. Here, we test the hypothesis that seasonal variation in reproductive state affects the neurophysiological response properties of the peripheral auditory system in female midshipman fish. Iso-intensity responses of eighth nerve afferents from the sacculus, the main auditory end organ of the inner ear, to individual tones were measured for spike rate and vector strength (VS) of synchronization. Most auditory saccular units in reproductive, summer females showed robust temporal encoding up to 340 Hz, whereas nonreproductive winter females showed comparable encoding only up to 100 Hz. The dramatic upward shift in temporal encoding among summer fish was paralleled by increases in best frequency (BF), maximum evoked spike rate at BF, VS values at BF, and the percentage of units that showed significant VS to iso-intensity tones >140 Hz. Reproductive summer females were best suited to encode the higher harmonic components of male advertisement calls. This first demonstration of a natural cyclicity in peripheral auditory frequency sensitivity among vertebrates may represent, in this case, an adaptive plasticity of the female midshipman's auditory system to enhance the acquisition of auditory information needed for mate identification and localization during the breeding season.  (+info)

A second glutamine synthetase gene with expression in the gills of the gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta). (6/75)

We characterized the expression of the nitrogen metabolism enzyme glutamine synthetase [GSase; L-glutamate: ammonia ligase (ADP-forming), E.C. 6.3.1.2] in tissues of the gulf toadfish Opsanus beta subjected to unconfined (ammonotelic) and confined (ureotelic) conditions. Enzymological results demonstrate that mass-specific GSase activities rank in the order of brain > liver > stomach approximately kidney > intestine > gill > heart/spleen > muscle. When tissue mass is used to calculate a glutamine synthetic potential, the liver has the greatest, followed by muscle > stomach and intestine, with minor contributions from the remaining tissues. Additionally, during confinement stress, GSase activity increases significantly only in liver (fivefold) and muscle (twofold), tissues that previously showed significant expression of the other enzymes of urea synthesis. Western analyses of samples on SDS gels demonstrated that GSase-specific protein content reflected enzyme activity, and all tissues except muscle had a single, similarly sized GSase subunit of 49.4 kDa; muscle showed staining of two bands of 36.8 and 98.9 kDa, which may possibly result from another gene product or post-translational modification. RT-PCR and RACE-PCR revealed the presence of a second GSase cDNA from gill tissue that shares only 73% nucleotide and amino acid sequence similarity with the GSase cDNA previously cloned from liver, and that lacks a mitochondrial leader-targeting sequence. RT-PCR and restriction digestion experiments demonstrated that mRNA from the original 'liver' GSase is expressed in all tissues examined (liver, gill, stomach, intestine, kidney, brain and muscle), whereas the new 'gill' form shows expression primarily in the gill. Gill GSase activity shows apparently exclusive expression in the soluble compartment, while other tissues expressing the 'liver' form show both cytoplasmic and mitochondrial activities. Phylogenetic analysis of a number of GSases demonstrates that the toadfish gill GSase has a greater affinity for a clade that includes the Xenopus GSase genes and one of two Fugu GSase genes, than it has for a clade containing the toadfish liver GSase and other described teleost GSase genes. The results are discussed in the context of a prior hypothesis on an ammonia-trapping mechanism in the gill of the toadfish.  (+info)

Putative isotocin distributions in sonic fish: relation to vasotocin and vocal-acoustic circuitry. (7/75)

Recent neurophysiological evidence in the plainfin midshipman fish (Porichthys notatus) demonstrated that isotocin (IT) and arginine vasotocin (AVT) modulate fictive vocalizations divergently between three reproductive morphs. To provide an anatomical framework for the modulation of vocalization by IT and to foster comparisons with the distributions of the IT homologues mesotocin (MT) and oxytocin (OT) in other vertebrate groups, we describe putative IT distributions in the midshipman and the closely related gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta. Double-label fluorescent histochemistry was used for IT and AVT (by using antibodies for MT, OT, and the mammalian AVT homologue, arginine vasopressin [AVP]). MT/OT-like immunoreactive (MT/OT-lir) cell groups were found in the anterior parvocellular, posterior parvocellular, and magnocellular preoptic nuclei. MT/OT-lir fibers and putative terminals densely innervated the ventral telencephalon and numerous areas in the hypothalamus and brainstem. These distributions included all sites of vocal-acoustic integration recently identified for the forebrain and midbrain and diencephalic components of the ascending auditory pathway. Results were qualitatively comparable across morphs, species, and seasons. In contrast to the widespread distribution of MT/OT-lir, AVP-lir somata, fibers, and putative terminals were almost completely restricted to vocal-acoustic regions. These data parallel previous descriptions of AVT immunoreactivity in these species, although the present methods showed a previously undescribed, seasonally variable AVP-lir cell group in the anterior tuberal hypothalamus, a vocally active site and a component of the ascending auditory pathway. These findings provided anatomic support for the role of IT and AVT in the modulation of vocal behavior at multiple levels of the central vocal-acoustic circuitry.  (+info)

Cross-bridge blocker BTS permits direct measurement of SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization in toadfish swimbladder muscle fibers. (8/75)

Because the major processes involved in muscle contraction require rapid utilization of ATP, measurement of ATP utilization can provide important insights into the mechanisms of contraction. It is necessary, however, to differentiate between the contribution made by cross-bridges and that of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ pumps. Specific and potent SR Ca2+ pump blockers have been used in skinned fibers to permit direct measurement of cross-bridge ATP utilization. Up to now, there was no analogous cross-bridge blocker. Recently, N-benzyl-p-toluene sulfonamide (BTS) was found to suppress force generation at micromolar concentrations. We tested whether BTS could be used to block cross-bridge ATP utilization, thereby permitting direct measurement of SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization in saponin-skinned fibers. At 25 microM, BTS virtually eliminates force and cross-bridge ATP utilization (both <4% of control value). By taking advantage of the toadfish swimbladder muscle's unique right shift in its force-Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]) relationship, we measured SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization in the presence and absence of BTS. At 25 microM, BTS had no effect on SR pump ATP utilization. Hence, we used BTS to make some of the first direct measurements of ATP utilization of intact SR over a physiological range of [Ca2+]at 15 degrees C. Curve fits to SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization vs. pCa indicate that they have much lower Hill coefficients (1.49) than that describing cross-bridge force generation vs. pCa (approximately 5). Furthermore, we found that BTS also effectively eliminates force generation in bundles of intact swimbladder muscle, suggesting that it will be an important tool for studying integrated SR function during normal motor behavior.  (+info)

*Batrachoididae

... is the only family in the ray-finned fish order Batrachoidiformes. Members of this family are usually called ... Nelson, Joseph S. (2006) "Order Batrachoidiformes" Fishes of the World (4th ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, ISBN 978-0-471 ... Collette, B. B. "Order Batrachoidiformes, Batrachoididae, Toadfishes." In Carpenter, Kent E. (ed.) (2002) The living marine ... About 80 species of toadfishes are grouped into 21 genera, as: Order Batrachoidiformes Family Batrachoididae Subfamily ...

*Actinopterygii

2013 Order Batrachoidiformes (toadfishes) Series Gobiomopharia Betancur-Rodriguez et al. 2013 Order Kurtiformes(Nurseryfishes ... Batrachoidiformes) Tylosurus crocodilus (Beloniformes) Sargocentron spiniferum (Holocentriformes) Barbourisia rufa ( ...

*2017 in paleoichthyology

The earliest skeletal record for the order Batrachoidiformes". Bulletin of Geosciences. 92 (1): 123-131. doi:10.3140/bull. ...

*Frogfish (disambiguation)

Frogfish may also refer to: Australian frogfish, a ray-finned fish in the order Batrachoidiformes, an ambush predator ...

*List of fish in Sweden

The order Batrachoidiformes, or toadfish, are a type of ray-finned fish normally found on the sand and mud bottoms of coastal ...

*List of largest fish

Batrachoidiformes) The largest toadfish is the Pacuma toadfish (Batrachoides surinamensis), reaching a size of up to 5 pounds ( ...

*List of MeSH codes (B01)

... batrachoidiformes MeSH B01.150.900.493.080 --- catfishes MeSH B01.150.900.493.080.148 --- ictaluridae MeSH B01.150.900.493.200 ...

*Neopterygii

... including the cavefishes and trout-perches Order Batrachoidiformes, the toadfishes Order Lophiiformes, including the ...

*Taxonomy of the animals (Hutchins et al., 2003)

Order Lampridiformes Order Polymixiiformes Order Percopsiformes Order Ophidiiformes Order Gadiformes Order Batrachoidiformes ...

*List of chordate orders

... including the cavefishes and trout-perches Order Batrachoidiformes, the toadfishes Order Lophiiformes, including the ...
Along the Pacific coast of North America, the marine fish, Porichthys notatus, is distributed as a northern nonluminescent population and a southern luminescent one. Bioluminescence capability is inducible in nonluminescent P. notatus by a single oral or intraperitoneal administration of a small amount of luciferin, a compound used by the marine ostracod crustacean, Vargula, as substrate for light emission. Once induced, the fish is capable of luminescing for more than 2 years. The results of the present study show that: (1) P. notatus photophores incorporate 14C-labelled Vargula luciferin: (2) the specific activity of the incorporated label is undiluted when recovered from the photophores 7 weeks later; (3) two chemical analogues of Vargula luciferin do not induce bioluminescence capability in the fish; (4) luciferinol, another close analogue of Vargula luciferin, induces a very weak bioluminescent capability in the fish; and (5) two key intermediates in the degradation of Vargula luciferin, ...
Hypoxia (low oxygen) exposure generally leads to decreased reproductive capacity, exhibited by reductions in testicular mass, reproductive hormones, and sperm swimming speed. However, in many fish species, reproduction occurs either periodically or exclusively under hypoxic conditions. In this study we assessed how hypoxia influences sperm performance in the plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus Girard, 1854), a species that lives in intertidal nests that become hypoxic during low tides. We exposed sperm from the same male to normoxic or hypoxic conditions and compared sperm characteristics and oxygen consumption between treatments. Sperm exposed to hypoxic water swam faster and consumed more oxygen than sperm swimming in normoxic conditions. Sperm swimming speed was positively related with oxygen consumption. For each male, the percentage of motile spermatozoa did not differ between treatments, suggesting that the same number of sperm were active but their performance was dependent on the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effects of pH and the iron redox state on iron uptake in the intestine of a marine teleost fish, gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta). AU - Cooper, C. A.. AU - Bury, N. R.. AU - Grosell, Martin. PY - 2006/3/1. Y1 - 2006/3/1. N2 - In the marine teleost intestine the secretion of bicarbonate increases pH of the lumen (pH 8.4 -9.0) and importantly reduces Ca2+ and Mg 2+ concentrations by the formation of insoluble divalent ion carbonates. The alkaline intestinal environment could potentially also cause essential metal carbonate formation reducing bioavailability. Iron accumulation was assessed in the Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) gut by mounting intestine segments in modified Ussing chambers fitted to a pH-stat titration system. This system titrates to maintain lumen pH constant and in the process prevents bicarbonate accumulation. The luminal saline pH was clamped to pH 5.5 or 7.0 to investigate the effect of proton concentrations on iron uptake. In addition, redox state was altered ...
Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: Actinopterygii. Order: Batrachoidiformes. Family: Batrachoididae. This fish is the plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus). If you were looking at the top of the fish, you would see a plain grayish fish with a rather large mouth. One of the midshipmans interesting features actually lie underneath the fish. These interesting dots on the underside of the fish are photophores, which can produce a bright light pattern. Its still not clear what the light is for, but some speculate that the midshipman uses them to lure prey closer when hunting. The midshipman will hang in the water column and flash its light to attract prey items.. Interesting thing number 2 is how midshipman reproduce. Like most fish, males are responsible for maintaining the nest and attracting the females to lay their eggs. Male midshipman will hum for hours on end to attract females to their nest. The hum is produced by the fish vibrating their swim bladder, and can be so loud that ...
Reproductive success relies on the coordination of social behaviours, such as territory defence, courtship and mating. Species with extreme variation in reproductive tactics are useful models for identifying the neural mechanisms underlying social behaviour plasticity. The plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus) is a teleost fish with two male reproductive morphs that follow widely divergent developmental trajectories and display alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs). Type I males defend territories, court females and provide paternal care, but will resort to cuckoldry if they cannot maintain a territory. Type II males reproduce only through cuckoldry. We sought to disentangle gene expression patterns underlying behavioural tactic, in this case ARTs, from those solely reflective of developmental morph. Using RNA-sequencing, we investigated differential transcript expression in the preoptic area-anterior hypothalamus (POA-AH) of courting type I males, cuckolding type I males and cuckolding ...
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It is your responsibility to make arrangements for housing while attending school. The unit staff will coordinate with FAMU and FSU for early move-in. Midshipmen must arrange for their school year living quarters (dormitory or apartment) before arriving for NROTC NSO. The NROTC Program does not provide or find permanent living quarters for midshipmen. Students planning to attend FAMU must consider that university policy requires that all "First-Time in College Freshman" live on campus. Students whose parents/family lives within a radius of 35 miles of the campus are exempt from this policy ...
Frost, Darrel R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Brachycephalus didactylus . Accessed on 04 May 2008 ...
The Research Opportunities for Midshipmen page for the CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT site for Virginia F. Smith. This page was last updated on Nov 22, 2016 5:08:22 PM.
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p ...
The hum group was exposed to multiple Type I male midshipman calls looped together continuously. The noise group served as a secondary control group that was exposed to a type of noise called "brown noise" that mimicked the wavelengths of the hums, while not having the exact makeup of a hum call. The control group was a recording of the intertidal breeding zone of the midshipman without any calls from fish. In both the hum and noise groups, sounds were played from 100-500 Hz. However, the hum groups audio contained some harmonic noises at different frequencies that were not present in the noise groups audio. If the hum and noise groups were to yield similar results, this would indicate that the female midshipman ear cannot distinguish between reproductive and nonreproductive calls by wavelength. This would mean that the brain regions react to qualitative differences between auditory stimuli, rather than quantitative differences-wavelength. However, if noise and hum groups were to yield ...
CFB Game Matchup Report for UCF at NAVY on February 17, 2018, live betting odds and lines, handicapping & betting trends, against the spread (ats) and over/under trends, injury reports and matchup stats for sports bettors
Often the truth of combat during the Age of Sail is at least as strange as the fiction set during that era. Sometimes the participants went on to fame. More often their fate is cloaked in obscurity. I plan on writing on more of these happenings in the future but for the first installment Ill…
Starting a Career With Grunt Work Can Be Rewarding [...] going to the coffee shop for your boss. Take a deep breath and think before you run away to join the circus. After she graduated from Northern Arizona University, she headed to the District of Columbia in pursuit of a dream job. Which, in laymans terms, apparently means envelope stuffer, box carrier and travel arranger. Being there not only opened Plesichs eyes to the industry, it also connected her with people she can stay in touch with for years. Consider this job your next step in education -- one that doesnt require any more student loans. Do you like a class system, or would you rather have a place that doesnt have a well-entrenched corporate ladder? In todays market, with companies scratching for good talent, employers are more apt to tap even entry-level folk to help out on big projects or be moved into a better position, said Lisa Calla-Russ, a senior recruiter at Snelling Personnel Services.
So Im in the whine cellar and right after I picked up the Laundanum (healing potion) this grunt corners me so I crouch down behind the shelf and wait there, staring at the wall, checking back every few seconds to see if hes gone. Ive been doing this for probably five minutes now. Is this normal? Why wont he go away? Its not even scary anymore, its just plain BORING. I want to get on with the game ...
Title: Laccolith Grunt Language: English Expansion: Nemesis Type: Creature - Beast Rarity: Common Condition: Unplayed NM/M In Stoc
Team Midshipman (Jan 2018) in front of the Ricketts lab on Cannery Row in Monterey, CA; left to right: Will Palmer, Ruiyu Zeng, Nick Lozier, Brooke Vetter, and Joe Sisneros ...
A quick perusal of this blog will show that Ive shied away from writing much on major figures of the Age of Sail. While I have biographical entries on lesser known figures, like Sir Henry Duncan and Midshipman Flinders, there is no story on Horatio Nelson or, perhaps the most swashbuckling figure of the Napoleonic…
N the gun deck below, Lieutenant Cox became aware of the commotion up forward as they clattered and fell off the ladder, while others from the gun deck, having removed the gratings from the hatchway to the berth deck below, jostled each other to get down. The panic was contagious. He ran toward them, drawing his sword.. "You damned cowardly sons of bitchesl What are you jumping below for?" A midshipman, Higginbotham, who was nearby, asked Cox if he should try to stop them by cutting a few down.. Cox looked at the stampede; they were too tightly crowded and too terrorized. "No, sir," he said sadly. "It is of no use.". By this time the American frigates topsails had filled and torn her away from the lashings that Stevens had been securing when he was struck in the arm by grape from the Americans mizzentop swivel. Now, leaving some of her port quarter gallery on the fluke of the Shannon s work anchor, the Chesapeake walked away forward. As her port side crunched against the British forecastle, ...
N the gun deck below, Lieutenant Cox became aware of the commotion up forward as they clattered and fell off the ladder, while others from the gun deck, having removed the gratings from the hatchway to the berth deck below, jostled each other to get down. The panic was contagious. He ran toward them, drawing his sword.. "You damned cowardly sons of bitchesl What are you jumping below for?" A midshipman, Higginbotham, who was nearby, asked Cox if he should try to stop them by cutting a few down.. Cox looked at the stampede; they were too tightly crowded and too terrorized. "No, sir," he said sadly. "It is of no use.". By this time the American frigates topsails had filled and torn her away from the lashings that Stevens had been securing when he was struck in the arm by grape from the Americans mizzentop swivel. Now, leaving some of her port quarter gallery on the fluke of the Shannon s work anchor, the Chesapeake walked away forward. As her port side crunched against the British forecastle, ...
The Official Athletic Site of Navy E-mail, partner of CBS Sports Digital. The most comprehensive coverage of the Midshipmen on the web.
The Official Athletic Site of Navy E-mail, partner of CBS Sports Digital. The most comprehensive coverage of the Midshipmen on the web.
I love Annapolis. My friends and I used to walk all over it instead of going to the mall when we were in middle school. Wed watch the students reading on the grass at St. Johns College and imagine ourselves there, reading 100 great books. And wed watch midshipmen at the Naval Academy doing pushups on the lawn and imagine ourselves anywhere but there. Wed descend into the great naval hero John Paul Jones crypt and imagine his bones moldering in their great, gaudy marble sarcophagus. After our tour I know that, while the Navy wont admit any error, John Paul Jones bones were found in France in an unmarked grave 105 years after his death and were identified by comparing them to a bust of him. The claim is that the friends who buried him filled his lead coffin with alcohol and so therefore he was so well preserved that he could be recognized. Uh huh ...
A sharp inhalation has the advantage of automatically contracting the core muscles, which does not happen during slow breathing. The same effect is observed
Jules~ Is that show the Good Christian Bitches? Lol! Yeah, thats so me. Well, all I can say for impressing you is that it is encouraging to know that Im not just another lump on the internet. I really do want to help people. If I dont get this chance, then Ill keep trying until someone feels I can contribute. It isnt all about making money, but it sure would make life easier ...
It has several puzzles to make it more thinking oriented as well as being full of action. You will traverse and do battle in many different places: labs, offices, warehouses, underground areas, silos, and several outdoor areas. You will also encounter a large variety of enemies on your mission. When it seems like everyone wants you dead, you will find many ally grunts to aid you in your mission. You will also see many sequences in Dark Operations. Enjoy." ~Barry A Bollinger. ...
The matriarchs of Clan Macheath know no fear; where others might have looked away or tutted impotently, our heroine accosted the girl and asked her what she thought she was doing. The response, couched in a series of sulky, incoherent grunts, was that the girl didnt really know why she was doing it but she did know it was wrong to drop litter and would stop doing it now ...
My current research investigates how the stress response, and in particular cortisol, plays a role in mediating changes in transcription, binding and functional responsiveness of the serotonin subtype 1A (5-HT1A) receptor in the Gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta. The 5-HT1A receptor plays an important role in maintaining the homeostatic balance between serotonin and cortisol by stimulating the release of cortisol from the interrenal cells when bound by serotonin. In mammals, there is a classical negative feedback loop whereby high levels of cortisol downregulate expression of the 5-HT1A receptor to decrease the release of cortisol in response to chronically elevated plasma cortisol. I am interested in seeing if this system exists in the Gulf toadfish, and also how the changes effected by cortisol are mediated. My long term goal is to relate changes in circulating levels of cortisol, serotonin and the 5-HT1A receptor to changes in reproductive activity. Additionally, because antidepressants are known ...
Arawaka, S., Sato, H., Sasaki, A., Koyama, S., & Kato, T. (2017). Mechanisms underlying extensive Ser129-phosphorylation in α-synuclein aggregates. Acta Neuropathologica Communications, 5(1), 48.. Birkl, C., Carassiti, D., Hussain, F., Langkammer, C., Enzinger, C., Fazekas, F., . . . Ropele, S. (2017). Assessment of ferritin content in multiple sclerosis brains using temperature-induced R*2 changes. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, n/a-n/a. doi: 10.1002/mrm.26780.. Boudewyn, L. C., Sikora, J., Kuchar, L., Ledvinova, J., Grishchuk, Y., Wang, S. L., . . . Walkley, S. U. (2017). N-butyl-deoxynojirimycin delays motor deficits, cerebellar microgliosis, and Purkinje cell loss in a mouse model of mucolipidosis type IV. Neurobiology of Disease. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2017.06.003.. Chaves, P. P., Valdoria, C. M., Amorim, M. C. P., & Vasconcelos, R. O. (2017). Ontogenetic development of the inner ear saccule and utricle in the Lusitanian toadfish: Potential implications for auditory ...
Nicks Cove Beach Wow, the alarm seemed to ring awfully early. I woke up before 5:00 a.m. to head off to our first collection site because low tide was at 5:30. The whole team, Dr. Joe, Andrew, Peter, Daphne and I got into the van and drove about 30 miles to our site. Dr. Bass, Midge, and a post grad student from UCLA followed us in their car. After we arrived to the site, we all put on our boots, gloves, and each of us helped take down the buckets that were used to collect the fish. We walked down to the edge of the shore and there were many rocks and boulders strewn about in the mud among a variety of mussels and other shells. All of us helped pick up the rocks and look for the fish that were there in the nests. Midshipmen fish mate at night in the intertidal zone. If the female is attracted to the humming of the male she then makes her way into the nest and one by one lays over 100-200 eggs that night. The male then ejects his sperm over the eggs and fertilizes them. The female leaves and the ...
tured at Roanoke Island; served at Selma, Ala., and Savannah Ga. James M. Morgan, Washington, D. C.-Born in Louisiana; midshipman C. S. N., and passed midshipman C. S. N.; served on steamer Georgia and schoolship Patrick Henry. Thomas L. Moore, New York City-Born in North Carolina; midshipman U. S. N. lieutenant C. S. N.; served on Mississippi defenses and abroad. H. H. Marmaduke, Washi ...
The Naval Academy Museum is expanding their audio tour to include foreign languages to reach international visitors. Visitors can now learn about 30 different
I thought the comment about Miranda and Grunt being supposed "perfection" was interesting in that you could probably apply it to almost all the companions. Thanes been trained since youth as the ultimate assassin, Jack is described as the most powerful human biotic, Samara has hundreds of years of discipline, Legion is some kind of super-geth, Tali is said to be gifted at engineering even for a Quarian, and Garrus is Batman.. Poor Jacob. He never had a chance.. (This is in contrast to your companions in Dragon Age: A nearly novice Grey Warden, an apostate, a poet, a disgraced Qunari, an abomination, a failed assassin, a drunk, and a faulty golem. Yet oddly, I probably like all of them more than most of the ME2 characters.). ...
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The Lusitano is a horse breed that has many names, including the Lusitanian, Betico-Lusitano, and Peninsular. A common breed in Portugal, from which it originated, the Lusitano is mainly used for riding.
WASHINGTON (AP) - A U.S. Naval Academy midshipman asked one of three former football players accused of sexually assaulting her to tell Navy…
Etajima, The Officer Candidate School of the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF), is a demanding military academy. Awakened by a bugle call at 6 a.m., midshipmen throw on uniforms and race
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Enemy design is also a bit of a disappointment, as well. Regardless of era, your enemies generally break down into one of four categories: lizard grunt with pistols, stronger lizard grunt with automatic weapons, pig with heavy weapon, and pig that throws explosives. On the upside, you can easily identify what youre up against, but it gets kinda repetitive after a while. There are a handful of other enemy types, like the cyborg lizard that requires heavier weaponry to put down, or the weird floating brain with teeth…thing…that attacks with green ring waves that both damage you and cause your screen to get wonky, which is actually pretty creative.. My biggest complaint with Zero Hour, though, is that it does resort to some cheap tactics to pad the game out and inject some artificial challenge. For example, in the Victorian levels, zombies make up a hefty chunk of the enemies, and while they themselves pose very little threat, when they die, they emit gas that damages you if you walk through ...
This breed - the pollt(r)icians - especially those found in India - have missed out on the historic nay epic linkage between the swine and the Varaha - the 3rd avatar of Lord Vishnu. Unfortunately, the poll dance is over with the haath ki safai proving to be the hand that will rock for the next 5 years. Had this connection been discovered in time… there would have been several ABC - XYZ… leaders professing to lead the Varaha party… and urging the people to come out in large numbers and vote for the swine so that they could establish Varaha Raj for the next 5 years. They would have promised to defend the honour of the pigs/varahas, thereby protecting the culture of India… !!! Would have been a great polloink plank… what say?!! And Oh before I forget… several newspaper/media offices would have been ransacked by now… for referring to such a sacred animal as swine… !!! Calling anybody a swine would have been classified as an offence of the ...
With the push of a button, the RubberNeck® converts from a mature buck grunt to a young buck grunt or a doe Estrus® Bleat. Just like the Power Buck &…
The issue of grunting in tennis was discussed on ESPNs Outside The Lines yesterday, with WTA Chair & CEO Stacey Allaster saying fans are telling us pretty clearly that they would like us to address the noise level.
By the end of this section, you will be able to do the following: Compare and contrast the way in which aquatic animals and terrestrial animals can elim
Ive been kind of lazy about updating lately. Sorry. My bad.. Things are going better on this end. Danny is feeling MUCH better, which I am super thankful for. I was so worried about him. Turns out he had the staph AND a strep infection at the same time. Definitely not cool. Im just glad hes okay.. On a lighter note, my little guy has a tooth! Its just a teensy weensy tiny little thing, but its still a tooth. You cant really see it, because its just the tip, and its barely out of the gum, but its there! Its exciting but it makes me sad at the same time. Hes almost nine months old. Its about time he got some teethers going!. Maddi is speaking much better. She still has issues pronouncing things, and trying to use words (she prefers to whine and cry… which she doesnt get away with anymore). She just has to stop being lazy. She dosent like using words, and its pretty obvious shed rather just grunt and get what she wants… But that doesnt float anymore, not that it did before, but ...
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Energy homeostasis--and maintenance of body weight--depends on balancing energy intake and expenditure. Indeed, dysregulation of skeletal muscle energy metabolism may play a role in obesity and metabolic syndrome. Oishi et al. found that mice heterozygous for Krüppel-like transcription factor 5 (KLF5) fed a high-fat diet gained less weight--despite eating more food--than did wild-type littermates. Klf5+/- mice were also resistant to high fat-induced glucose intolerance and had lower serum cholesterol. Their O2 consumption and body temperature were higher and, in skeletal muscle, the expression of genes encoding proteins involved in lipid oxidation and energy uncoupling was increased. KLF5 inhibited C/EBP-β-dependent transactivation of the promoters of carnitine-palmitoyl transferase-1b (CPT1b, a rate-limiting enzyme in fatty enzyme oxidation) and uncoupling proteins 2 and 3 (UCP2 and UCP3) in C2C12 myotubes. KLF5 was subject to posttranslational modification by small ubiquitin-related modifier ...
Large male toadfish (Type I) prepare and guard rock "nests" to which they attract females by vocalization. By rapidly contracting muscles in its swim bladder Type I males produce a "love song" described as a motorboat-like drone that can be sustained for as long as two hours. An attracted female deposits all of her eggs for that season in the singers nest. The Type I male resumes singing to attract other females, while guarding the eggs in his nest. Type II or "sneaker" males are smaller males that cannot produce thesustained humming of the larger fish. Unable to attract females, sneaker males frequent nests, darting in to fertilize eggs while the larger males are vocalizing. Sneaker males, though smaller overall, have much larger reproductive organs comprising up to 15 percent of their body weight, compared to 1 percent for the Type I fish. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
This paper demonstrates an acoustic sensor that can resolve atomic force microscopy (AFM) tip blunting with a frequency sensitivity of 0.007%. The AFM tip is fabricated on a thin film piezoelectric aluminum nitride (AlN) membrane that is excited as a film bulk acoustic resonator (FBAR). We demonstrate that cutting 0.98 μm off of the tip apex results in a resonance frequency change of 0.4MHz at 6.387GHz. This work demonstrates the potential for in-situ monitoring of AFM tip wear.
Midshipman Erin Overcash of Goshen was recently selected as honor graduate from a class of 35 Naval ROTC freshman recruits at the University of Colorado in Boulder. The honor graduate is selected by officers based on skills exhibited during orientation week and in recognition of great potential in future military activities. Overcash, a 2009 graduate of North Oldham High School, is studying aerospace engineering and is a member of CUs track and field team.. She is the daughter of Wendell and Joanne Overcash. ...
Während wir uns noch über Licht & Schatten Packs freuen (oder noch auf die Lieferung warten - ich leide mit euch!), steht in Australien bei Big W Nitro Head Rush im Regal. Bei uns ist die Figur noch nicht in Sicht, klar ist nur, dass sie exklusiv bei Amazon erhältlich sein wird - Januar scheint…
A list of 10 letter words that begin with To in the enable uncensored word list. toadeaters toadfishes toadflaxes toadstones toadstools tobogganed tobogganer tocologies tocopherol toenailing toiletries toilsomely tokologies tolerances tolerantly tolerating toleration tolerative tolerators tollbooths etc.
Robbie Cramer had only been in his tripod a short while when he heard wild hog traveling noises in the woods behind him. It took a while for the hogs to make it to him and when they did about 20 medium sized hogs walked into the small open spot in front of Robbie. Some of them stopped and some kept going.. Grunts from another hog still came from the woods. Soon two larger hogs walked up to the metal legs of Robbies tripod - a brownish hog with dried mud caked on its back and a gray and black spotted hog. Robbie was ready to draw should he have the opportunity.. Soon the two hogs moved ahead and joined the larger group. Robbie came to full draw. He took careful aim at the brown hog and held steady. When he released all the hogs ran into the thick woods ahead in a mad rush. Robbie lost track of the hog he had just shot because of the brush.. I was on my way in from my own hunt when I got Robbies text. I texted back that I would be right there.. The hog had turned away from the way the other hogs ...
Its all about the synonyms. Why say sweet when you can say residual malt sugars? Who needs alcoholic when you can discuss ABV? Brewers are shy and timid creatures really, and one word may be enough to gain their attention and respect if suitably technical. Swirl the glass around in your hand, sniff and grunt: Hmm. Hint of autolysis. Or: interesting - redolent of phenols. Or: spot of diacetyl. They will be in awe of your abilities. After a few drinks, the word you use wont even matter: frown, adopt a serious town, and say: Ah, theres a bit of dialysis in here. Everyone else will nod. You will end the evening either sounding like a knowledgeable critic or an intelligent enthusiast. Either way, its all good ...
Its really an off year for me. Not seeing the bigger bucks that I expected to and not nearly the crazy chasing that usually happens on my 3 days off. I have gotten a couple of nice ones on camera, but Im not even seeing the scrapes like usual. Rubs, yes, but not scrapes. Ive only heard one buck grunt. Thats crazy bad for me at this point. That said, I am sure happy to have the meat ...
Rozeznajze prywatne mapy na grach internetowych, hdy grasz. Pojecie grunt wydaje sie niezwykle podstawowe zwyciestwo. W którym miejscu sa najwspanialsze pozycje, wprawa którego sie schowac oraz zasadzki wrogów? Stosownych mozna uczynic skróty samochodu zostawia wyzsze sytuacje strategiczna? Owy sposób madrosci podaruje znamienna dominacje strategiczna. Wychowawcy powinny wygospodarowac cos wysilku, by patrzec nawet w konsole sluzace do grywania w calej ustawieniach kontroli rodzicielskiej. Pegasusa sa mialy te kontrole w toku wlasciwa im ustawienia przy karcie menuy. Sa w stanie ów kredyty pozwalaja kontrolowac rozrywki przy uzyciu ESRB Diagnostyka, suma terminu pod mechanizm i dodatkowo ograniczy wjazd dla sieci internetowej. Poprawnego ludzi zestawu sprawdzania, czlonek rodu jest w stanie wystawiac na uciechy bardziej pewnie. Zobacz sugestier i wziac pod namysl o sferze akcesoriów gwoli klientów. Regulatory oraz dodatkowo pozostale przyrzady beda pewnie nieekonomiczne, co ponadto jest ...
Its really an off year for me. Not seeing the bigger bucks that I expected to and not nearly the crazy chasing that usually happens on my 3 days off. I have gotten a couple of nice ones on camera, but Im not even seeing the scrapes like usual. Rubs, yes, but not scrapes. Ive only heard one buck grunt. Thats crazy bad for me at this point. That said, I am sure happy to have the meat ...
Rozeznajze prywatne mapy na grach internetowych, hdy grasz. Pojecie grunt wydaje sie niezwykle podstawowe zwyciestwo. W którym miejscu sa najwspanialsze pozycje, wprawa którego sie schowac oraz zasadzki wrogów? Stosownych mozna uczynic skróty samochodu zostawia wyzsze sytuacje strategiczna? Owy sposób madrosci podaruje znamienna dominacje strategiczna. Wychowawcy powinny wygospodarowac cos wysilku, by patrzec nawet w konsole sluzace do grywania w calej ustawieniach kontroli rodzicielskiej. Pegasusa sa mialy te kontrole w toku wlasciwa im ustawienia przy karcie menuy. Sa w stanie ów kredyty pozwalaja kontrolowac rozrywki przy uzyciu ESRB Diagnostyka, suma terminu pod mechanizm i dodatkowo ograniczy wjazd dla sieci internetowej. Poprawnego ludzi zestawu sprawdzania, czlonek rodu jest w stanie wystawiac na uciechy bardziej pewnie. Zobacz sugestier i wziac pod namysl o sferze akcesoriów gwoli klientów. Regulatory oraz dodatkowo pozostale przyrzady beda pewnie nieekonomiczne, co ponadto jest ...
My 3 week old has been vomiting a significant amount of milk through his nose and mouth after nursing on my left breast. I had suspected OALD or Oversupply. He tends to be very noisy when feeding off that side...gulping and gurgling. He will also sometimes scream while still latched and appear almost pissed off but doesnt pop off. Just grunts loudly. While that side appears to fill up and become almost engorged and leak, it doesnt seem to squirt him. I should note that, as with my
SCP - Containment Breach: Its just another day at SCPs secret underground headquarters, and youre just another disposable D-Class grunt about to be used in an experiment with the creature designated only as SCP-173. Thats when the lights go out and the containment procedures fail, and you find yourself suddenly lost and alone, pursued by malevolent otherworldly entities in this randomly generated free adventure game.
My 3 week old has been vomiting a significant amount of milk through his nose and mouth after nursing on my left breast. I had suspected OALD or Oversupply. He tends to be very noisy when feeding off that side...gulping and gurgling. He will also sometimes scream while still latched and appear almost pissed off but doesnt pop off. Just grunts loudly. While that side appears to fill up and become almost engorged and leak, it doesnt seem to squirt him. I should note that, as with my
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It was just the four of us eating but all 6 thighs, the extra soup and all the rice disappeared amongst grunts of satisfaction. The recipe was a little more involved than most that I do but the results were well worth it. One thing I wanted to add but ran out of time was some masa harina dumplings. Maybe next time but it really didnt need it. I cant wait to try this one on my Big Green Egg using a Dutch oven ...
Actaea areolata; Actaea cellulosa ; Actaea hirsutissima ; Xantho nitidus ; Xanthos superbus ; Xantho dispar ; Xantho minor ; Xantho (Euxanthus) sculptilis ; Xantho (Euxanthus) nitidus ; Xantho (Xanthodes) granoso-manus ; Xantho (Xanthodes) nitidulus ; Xantho (Xanthodes) notatus ; Panopaeus ...
The formation of CaCO3 precipitates in the intestinal lumen was first discussed in 1930 (Smith, 1930) but it was not until much later that the detailed chemical nature of these precipitates was characterized (Walsh et al., 1991). Since then, the presence of CaCO3 precipitates in marine teleost fish intestinal fluids has been observed in a high number of species and appears to be a general feature for this group of vertebrates (Wilson et al., 2002; Wilson and Grosell, 2003). The combined global piscine production of CaCO3, which is eliminated with rectal fluids has recently been estimated to contribute as much as 15% to oceanic CaCO3 production (Wilson et al., 2009) and also has important physiological implications for individual fish. More than 95% of NaCl imbibed with seawater to replace osmotically lost water in marine teleosts is absorbed by the gastro-intestinal tract and as much as 85% of the ingested water is absorbed. By contrast, very little Mg2+, SO42- and Ca2+ are absorbed, leaving the ...
Settler Sites George Sawchuks Yard Work and New Work. March 15 1988 grunt gallery & Western Front. "I cannot speak for all, but it seems to me that there comes a time in every life when one must step out of the traces of commercialism and then, without too much preparation or direction, be set loose. For me that time came early, unexpectedly, and was not entirely of my own making. One of the very first things I realized in my new situation was that the there is no invention that more greatly shrinks the physical and mental capabilities of the human being than the rocking chair; seated in one, I saw my world closing in on me." (Artists Statement, Yard Work, 1988). "George Sawchuks something other is his lifes experiences as a labourer and handyman, combined with his youthful indoctrinations in both Catholicism and Bolshevism. These alone would account for Sawchuks individual perspective. As an artist, though, Sawchuk is also amoung a minority of individuals - those for whom the ...
We describe a new species of Pristimantis from the humid sub-montane forest of the Región Cusco in Peru. Pristimantis pluvialis sp. n. was collected in the Kosñipata and Entoro valleys at elevations from 740 to 1110 m a.s.l., near the borders of Manu National Park and within the Huachiperi Haramba Queros Conservation Concession. The new species can be distinguished from other members of the genus Pristimantis by its rostral tubercle, smooth dorsal skin, and by its advertisement call. Pristimantis lacrimosus and P. waoranii superficially most resemble the new species, but P. pluvialis sp. n. differs from both species by having a rostral tubercle (absent in P. waoranii and variable in P. lacrimosus) and larger size, from P. lacrimosus by its call emitted at a lower frequency, and from P. waoranii for its dorsal coloration with dark markings. Two other species have partially overlapping distributions and resemble the new species, P. mendax and P. olivaceus, but they produce advertisement calls with much
Remsen J. V. Jr., Cadena C. D., Jaramillo A., Nores M., Pacheco J. F., Pérez-Emán J., Robbins M. B., Stiles F. G., Stotz D. F. and Zimmer K. J. (2002-2013): Classification of the bird species of South America 17 March 2013 [http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBa...], American Ornithologists Union [as Hylopezus nattereri ...
Silves (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsiɫvɨʃ]) is a municipality in the Portuguese Algarve of southern Portugal. The population in 2011 was 37,126, in an area of 680.06 km². The urbanized area includes approximately 11,000 inhabitants. Silves is the former capital of the Algarve and is of great historical importance. The region of Silves has been inhabited since the Palaeolithic, as attested by archaeological remains, including several menhirs. The river Arade, which was navigable in historical times, linked the hinterland to the open ocean and allowed the transport of produce and commerce. The town of Silves (Cilpes) was possibly founded during the times of Roman domination, when the region was part of the Lusitania province. It was probably a Lusitanian Castro in the pre-Roman times, however the region was also settled by other Indo-European tribes, just like the Celtici and Cynetes(or Conii). Silves was also part of the Visigothic Kingdom. After 713, when the Moors invaded Iberia, Silves ...
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The Maritime Administration (MARAD) invites public comments on our intention to request the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approval to renew an information collection. The information collection is for midshipmen or graduates of the United States Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA) or cadets or graduates of a State Maritime Academy (SMA) who received Student Incentive Payment (SIP) Program payments to determine if: (1) A waiver should be granted of all or a portion of the service obligation contract in cases where there would be undue hardship or impossibility of performance due to accident, illness or other justifiable reasons; (2) a deferment of all or a portion of the service obligation should be granted for the purpose of entering a marine or maritime-related graduate course of study; or (3) an original decision of items 1 or 2 should be overturned based on a student or graduates appeal. Their service obligation is required by law. We are required to publish this notice in the Federal ...
ght; Lieutenant, Edward Lea; Acting-Masters, J. A. Hannum, C. H. Hamilton and W. F. Monroe; Assistant Surgeon, T. N. Penrose; Assistant Paymaster, J. J. Richardson; Second-Assistant Engineers, W. H. Plunkett and C. H. Stone; Third-Assistant Engineers, J. E. Cooper, R. N. Ellis and A. T. E. Mullen; Acting-Masters Mate, C. M. Davis. Steamer Iroquois. Commander, John De Camp; Lieutenants, D. B. Harmony and Fred. V. McNair, Acting-Ensign, C. F. Willard Midshipman, John McFarland; Surgeon, Benj. Vreeland; Paymaster, R. H. Clark; First-Assistant Engineers, John H. Long and B. C. Bampton; Second-Assistant Engineers, E. S. Boynton and F. K. Haine; Third-Assistant Engineer, J. H. Hunt; Gunner, J. L. Staples; Carpenter, John A. Dixon. Steamer Itasca. Lieutenant-Commander, C. H. B. Caldwell; Actting-Masters, Edward Jones, Amos Johnson and S. Nickerson; Assistant Surgeon, Heber Smith; Assistant Paymaster, A. J. Pritchard-Second-Assistant Engineer, J. H. Morrison; Third-Assistant ...
Like a student in a foreign country immersed in an unfamiliar language or a young mother trying to decipher her babys cries, we all encounter initially meaningless sounds that in fact carry meaning. As these sounds gain significance, we become better at detecting and discriminating between them. How does this happen? What brain changes underlie this? The processing of communication sounds is a fundamental task of virtually all auditory systems, yet how it is studied has often diverged along species lines. Research in nonmammalian animals - like insects, frogs and birds - routinely incorporates natural calls, which has led to the discovery of finely tuned mechanisms for vocalizations. In mammalian audition though, there has been far less systematic use of species-specific calls. Thus, we have still much to learn about the neural mechanisms underlying communication processing and learning in mammals.. We address this problem by using a mouse model of acoustic communication. Using the ...
If I had a chance, Id buy the world a Coke. But, I cant afford to do that right yet. So, for now, I can lay this out for you: If you want to be tough, look better than others, or in general get from point A to point B, buy a normal vehicle that doesnt strain your pocket book, the planet, and decapitate people in accidents. Use steroids if you just gotsta be an enormous prick that people wont be able to take their eyes off of. If you want to assert your status in life, buy a Mercedes or a BMW like the yuppies of old. People think that a fully customized SUV or truck will save them from appearing pretentious, while still waving their cash wad in front of the neighbors. Hey, a truck does not trick people into thinking you are all "down homey" and common. A snob in a pickup is still a snob.. If thats who you are, then be that asshole that everyone hates, because we already hate you anyway. So, why deprive yourself of having a real status symbol and not a "Red Herring Mobile".The Snob with the ...
51 years ago - this past Sunday - around 0630, I was looking over the berm shown in the picture, wondering how I emerged alive. It was Tet 1968. A very thin 52d ARVN Ranger Battalion was defending the Xuan Loc airfield against constant assaults.
A list of 10 letter words that begin with To in the mammoth uncensored word list. toadeaters toadfishes toadflaxes toadrushes toadstones toadstools toastiness tobogganed tobogganer toboggined toccatella toccatinas tocherless tocologies tocopherol tocophobes tocophobia tocophobic toenailing toeraggers etc.
grunt,blow,breathe,snore,pant,drink,sound,laugh,puff,hide,secret,installation,opening,addition,presentation,inauguration,launch,initiation,preface,establishment,influx,ingress,awakening,insertion,primer,prelude,admittance,leadin,induction,foreword,overture,inception,preamble,institution,beginning,prolegomenon,survey,prologue,baptism,commencement,essentials,hornbook,preliminaries,interpolation,exordium,basic text
In case youre interested, Bridgette decided to start talking on Sunday. Talking should probably be written as "talking," but still, it was a sudden change from grunts and yells to slightly recognizable babble. We were on our way to our friends home Sunday to play a silly game called Quelf (which we highly suggest to all those who love party games) when Bridgette busts out with, "Dad-Dad-Daddy!" Shouldve seen Jeffs face! If wed gotten a photo, it wouldve received a post to itself. Speaking of talking, Ive noticed we call Bridgette almost everything but her name. She has nicknames galore ...
It can be hard for me to admit when Im struggling. Its hard to admit when life has broken me down and made me question myself and the way I do things. I want to appear strong, appear as though I have it all together, appear as though I know just what Im doing but the truth is, more often than not, I have no clue what Im doing. Mothering has added more of those moments than Id like to acknowledge.. At eighteen months, my little guy was still not talking. He had yet to say more than two or three words and it was getting concerning. His little buddies were starting to jabber away and he was still silent. Ok, not silent… Plenty of grunts and jibberish was coming out of his mouth but nothing that resembled any sort of language. Calebs pediatrician recommended getting his ears checked and even taking him to speech therapy. Sure enough, his ears were full of fluid and tubes were placed, helping him hear so much better.. Still, he didnt talk.. By twenty one months, Caleb was saying about a ...
A lifetime later and a couple of lifetimes ago, I was a recording engineer for a small local studio, doing grunt work mostly. Often my responsibilities entailed such exciting tasks as tearing down worn speaker systems from restaurants my boss had acquired from fixture-auctions after a local business went bust. It was also my job to replace the wiring from these speakers, which was so old that the insulation was cracked and falling off. Then, hed resell these components as new to his customers. Sometimes my job was multi-tracking commercial jingles in his studio; at other times Id be vacuuming the birdseed from the walls - hed picked up used carpeting cheap from a pet shop, and used it to soundproof his studio ...
Choko Kuze is in love with her ex-servant-now-tyrannical-boss Masayuki Domoto. Shes had a hard time getting him to see her as a woman, but between bouts of treating her like a genteel lady and an entry-level office grunt, hes slowly starting to come around. Unfortunately, the CEOs niece has set her sights on Masayuki and wont take no for an answer. Will Choko step aside to protect Masayukis career, or is it now time for her to pull rank ...
The boys are growing like weeds. Max was 7lbs 6oz at his last doctors visit. Alex is 6lbs 14oz and Emerson is 6lbs 9oz. They are all over 19 inches long and look like full term babies. Their original due date was October 13th so the fact that they are all home and doing well is such a blessing. We thank God everyday for what we have, four healthy happy children. The boys are all reaching some great milestones. They have started to coo and even have their own grunting language, Its amazing to hear them grunt at one another....its like a bitchfest. I can just imagine them saying "shes taking her sweet time with that baba", or "if we work as a team, we can escape these bouncy chairs". All the boys are starting to recognise the people around them and they seem to like their hanging toys. They are all still breastfeeding but we have stared to supplement with formula at night in order to bulk up on calories ...
Outside my office window is a green dumpster. All four of the businesses in this building use it. This is my everyday view, this little parking lot at the edge of an overgrown baseball diamond. Throughout the day smokers step outside and prop open the buildings metal security door. They cant see me. At least I dont think they can. They never look at me. I like to watch their awkward flirtations, their posing while they exhale. I like to watch the solo smokers puff away while thumbing their phones. The ending is always the same: cigarettes are mashed against the brick wall and flicked into the dumpster. The door slams.. I produce web copy for a Midwest chain of long-term care facilities. I used to write the copy. Now I supervise tech writers - three men, one woman - who handle the grunt work. Im essentially the editor, the guy who puts a final stamp of approval on phrases such as "Your loved ones will enjoy 24-hour access to an exercise room featuring light barbells and state-of-the-art ...
Alan was already plotting his detour to cut around the mountain and let me go as fast as I could to Rock Springs and Pole Hollow. This would leave him 8 rather and 17 miles from Pole Line Pass. We climbed "The Grunt" a 380 foot climb that is not so long, but steep. Alan struggled to keep pace, but held close. I knew that I would need the company later on and didnt want to lose my pacer altogether. Together we easily cruised into the mile 83 aid station, Pole Line Pass. I was now 3 minutes ahead of schedule with one of the toughest sections of the course that I would run alone. Usually I am timid about running alone in the dark deep in the mountains, but I really enjoyed this. The glow from my lights lit a little world in front of me, and I was in a trance dancing along through the night trying to run as much as I could. The moon was rising in the East in an orange glow. There was some magic to being alone on the trail in the middle of the night. I was comfortable. I made the last climb to ...
Its the same everywhere. The giant corporations are so loaded with dough, they dont know what to do with it. Even so, they know what they DONT want to do with it. They dont want to pay their workers their fair share. Thats against their religion. Theyd rather disrupt production, annihilate the local economy and send the markets into freefall than hand over even one red cent to the hard working grunts who haul their water and fatten their bank accounts.. Thats the Boeing story in a nutshell.. Boeing management has always sucked. Just ask anyone whos lived in the Northwest for the last 30 or 40 years. Theyve always had an antagonistic relationship with the people whove made them rich, the workers. Every filthy dollar of profit that gets stuffed into some lazy-ass Boeing execs pocket, is the result of some underpaid working stiff busting his hump for 40, 50 or 60 hours a week. Believe it.. This latest contract dust-up has nothing to do money, thats all a big smokescreen. Boeings up to ...
Now comes the all-important problem of breathing for the clean and the press itself. There are two incidents that remain fresh in my memory and amply illustrate the importance of the part breathing plays in ALL lifting, Olympic and otherwise. One was when a certain well-known lifter got down to make a clean for his press. He hung over the bar puffing and panting, emitting all sorts of queer squeaks, whistles, groans and grunts. When he cleaned the bar after some considerable elapse, the weight came poorly into his shoulders and had to be struggled into a press position. Then again he stood whistling and groaning before he made his press. With the weight halfway overhead, he slowed up, dropped the weight and did a fine imitation of the late Leon Errol, the rubber-legged comedian. He had blacked out! NEVER stand too long over the bar when you stoop down to clean it for your press. Take your grip, take a deep breath and whip the bar into pressing position. What happens from there I will discuss in ...
Aliana makes her first appearance in the X & Y chapter. She, along with Mable, was tasked with leading a group of Team Flare Grunts known as Team B. They travel to Vaniville Town to attack X and steal the Mega Ring he has in his possession. Upon arriving at Xs house, they burn it down and trap X into a corner. Y comes in and tries to save her friend, only for Mables Houndoom to easily defeat her. Before it can finish Y off, Xs Kanga saves Y, though she gets badly hurt by Alianas Pyroar. With Kanga down, Aliana has her Pyroar grab X and begin dragging him away. Xs baby Kangaskhan, Lil Kanga, sees this and reacts to Xs Mega Ring, allowing her to Mega Evolve into a Mega Kangaskhan. Lil Kanga easily defeats Aliana and Mables Pokémon, forcing them to retreat. At Aquacorde Town, Aliana and Mable attack Xs group while they stay at an inn. By having a fellow Team Flare member keep the other four inside the inn, the duo attack Xs Kanga while hes alone and kidnap Lil Kanga. After Y manages ...
This is the first album of the band, and includes members from Ocean of Sorrow. Its a melancholic work with very well constructed melodies, melodic riffs in excellent performance, deep grunts and some clean vocals. The lyrics are written in russian giving a more enigmatic atmosphere to the album. Recommended!. 1.Odin Iz Zimnikh Dney 06: ...
Ok another corney title but I am always trying to entertain. I guess Grunt has the market cornered on the good titles though. Anyway this is going to
Kregan woke up with a start, his neck aching from sleeping in an awkward position on his desk. He checked the time, 1:27 am, his lamp was flickering, it would go out soon. Kregan got up with a grunt and walked over to the light switch and puked it on the same time his lamp went out. Perfect timing, he told himself. Kregan looked about his room, it was a mess. There was a brown shabby door next to the light switch, and then bookshelves surrounding the perimeter of his room filled to the last quarter inch with a book of some kind. Then there were papers thrown about the floor, along with even more books. On the North east corner of his room was his desk and chair, the desk was small with papers thrown about it along with his favorite Anne Rice novel, Memnoch the Devil. It had 3 drawers on each side of it, and then 3 vertical drawers across the top. He had 2 windows exactly next to one another to the left of where he would sit in his desk. Kregan walked over and pulled up one of the blinds. There ...
I dont see it as Navy ships where even Master Chiefs (the highest you can go as an enlisted) do not get their own suites but bunk up with other Chiefs. They get far larger bunks than lower enlisted though. Lower officer ranks get similar accomodations as well. I see Starfleet being (obviously) more accomodating to their grunts and lower ranks since typically Starfleet ships operate on their own for years even with occasional docking with bases. Your typical Navy ship doesnt do that. Go out for a few weeks, come back in, go out, go back in, go on deployment for months, and come back ...
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Brown, K. S., Jr. 1970 Rediscovery of Heliconius nattereri in eastern Brazil. Entomol. News 81, 129-140.. Brown, K. S., Jr. 1972 The heliconians of Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part III. Ecology and biology of Heliconius nattereri, a key primitive species near extinction, and comments on the evolutionary development of Heliconius and Eueides. Zoologica NY 57, 41-69.. Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.. Felder C. Felder R. 1865. Reise der sterreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commo-dore B. von W llerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band. Zweite Abtheilung: Lepidoptera. Wien, Carl Gerolds Sohn. (1): [4] + 1-136, pls. 1-21.. ...
Brain microvasculature plays a critical role in the regulation of homeostasis of neural tissues. The present study focuses on characteristic microvascular basement membrane (bm) aberrations in the midbrain periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) and their r
We used to think that only cartoon animated fish could talk. But now scientists have found that fish really do talk. It may not be the same sort of language that people use, but fish are able to hum and grunt in order to communicate with other fish.. Scientists studied the brain cells of newly hatched fish larvae. In the fish brains, they found the same sort of brain cells that enable humans to talk. These are also the same type of brain cells that allow birds to sing and frogs to ribbit . They found that the brain cells responsible for sound production in vertebrates can be traced back through evolutionary time to an era long before animals lived on dry land. The neural circuitry was likely laid down hundreds of millions of years ago with the hums and grunts of fish.. According to scientist Andrew Bass, this research "sends a message to scientists and non-scientists about the importance of this group of animals to understanding behavior; to understanding the nervous system; and to understanding ...
Nothing says summer like baked fruit with biscuits on top! This one is from Luscious Berry Desserts by Lori Longbottom. It is super quick and easy and gives me an excuse to use my pasty blender. Ingredients: 3 c blueberries 1/4 c sugar 1/4 tsp ground cinnamon 1/4 tsp ground nutmeg 2 TBSP lemon juice…
Hi Colin, good to speak again, not seen you around for ages. Hows things? Luckily for me my arnoldi spawns are almost 100% fertile 99% of the time.. Its obviously a fertility problem, how old are the fish? what are they spawning on? i used to get poorer results when mine jumped to the cover glass, the gravity was a stronger pull and it seemed they always spent a second or so less when laying/fertilising the eggs than they do with my current method.. I now drop the water level a good 6 inches so stop them spawning on the coverglass, then utilise plastic/silk plants with removeable leaves, once i have a spawn(most days!) i remove the eggs along with the leaf and place them imersed in a 2 litre container where they hatch and live for the first 10 days while on paramecium.. Once on baby brineshrimp they are moved to a larger 5 litre container for a further week or so and then into a 20 litre filtered glass tank and eventually larger again as they outgrow it..A lot of work but a lot of fun and ...
Fundão (Portuguese pronunciation: [fũˈdɐ̃w]) is a city and a municipality in the Castelo Branco District in Portugal. Fundão proper is an old city with 8,369 inhabitants in 2001, situated at the point where the slope of the Gardunha range meets the Cova da Beira plains, 500 metres above sea level. The municipality population in 2011 was 29,213, in an area of 700.20 km². It is subdivided in 23 parishes. The film festival, IMAGO - Young Film and Video Festival, is organised in the town. During the Iron Age, from about 1000 B.C. until its destruction by the Romans, there was a Celtic Lusitanian Castro or fortified village in nearby São Brás Mount. The remains of a villa or agricultural manor house, workers houses and other associated buildings from the time of the Roman Empire have been found in the underground of the centre of the current city. This villa was rebuilt as a fortified medieval mansion during the High Middle Ages. The history of Fundão is intimately related to that of its ...
RUSSIAN MICROCHIP SPECIALISTS. Dee Finneys blog. start date July 20, 2011. todays date October 3, 2012. page 323. TOPIC: MICROCHIPS - COUNTERFEITS DESTROYED THE RUSSIAN FOBOS GRUNT MISSION. THE CONTAMINATED FAILED MISSION CAME BACK TO EARTH IN 2012. THEY PLAN TO DO IT AGAIN IN 2018. WE ARE ALL GOING TO BE MICROCHIPPED WHETHER WE WANT TO OR NOT. 10-3-12 - DREAM - I was starting a new job at Allis-Chalmers, sitting at a computer screen and copying screen after screen of what looked like a cursive foreign language written in blue, line after line horizontally and then vertically onto another screen, hoping I was getting everything on the screen, but not only what I could see but what was embedded behind the lines. This was extremely important work about microchips. I was then called into a meeting where I was introduced to a group of engineers and scientists at a table that sat 12 people, however, the seat directly across from me was empty. I was introduced to the group first, and then asked to ...
Amount: $235.68 PUBLICATIONS. Callis, K.L., Christ, L.R., Resasco, J., Armitage, D.W., Ash, J.D., Caughlin, T.T., Clemmensen, S.F., Copeland, S.M., Fullman, T.J., Lynch, R.L., Olson, C., Pruner, R.A., Vieira-Neto, E.H.M., West-Singh, R., Bruna, E.M. Improving Wikipedia: educational opportunity and professional responsibility. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. DOI:10.1016/j.tree.2009.01.003 (in press) PRESENTATIONS. Clemmensen, S.F. and Hahn, D.A. Size matters: seasonal plasticity of development in a diapause-destined moth, Helicoverpa zea. Graduate Student Council Interdisciplinary Conference. Gainesville, FL; February 3, 2010.. Clemmensen, S.F. and Hahn, D.A. Size matters: seasonal plasticity of development in a diapause-destined moth, Helicoverpa zea. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology 2010 Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA; January 4, 2010.. Baldwin, R., Daniels, J.C., Fasulo, T., Clemmensen, S.F., Ellis, J.D. Reaching Out: Educational Opportunities in Entomology. UF Dept of Entomology ...
Details of the research examining the use of the alternative protein for use in the feeds of Atlantic salmon, Pacific white shrimp and smallmouth grunt were published in the journal PeerJ​.​. The single cell protein ingredient evaluated was that produced by US company, KnipBio. The Massachusetts-based firm has developed a series of naturally occurring microbes that convert low-cost feedstock into single-cell proteins with pigment-enhancing carotenoids, aimed at fish nutrition. A bacterial biomass is produced from the M. extorquens​, a leaf symbiont that grows rapidly on feedstock methanol.. The authors explained that they analysed white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei​) growth and consumer taste preference, smallmouth grunt (Haemulon chrysargyreum​) growth, survival, health and gut microbiota, and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar​) digestibility when fed diets that substitute - the bacterium M. extorquens​ at a level of 30% (grunts), 100% (shrimp), or 55% (salmon) of the fishmeal in a ...
Karen Gordon, University of Toronto, donnera une conférence le 7 octobre 2010, à 16h au BRAMS, intitulée « Auditory plasticity in children who are deaf and use cochlear implants to hear speech and music ».. Cet événement se tiendra en anglais.. A PROPOS DE KAREN GORDON. Karen Gordon is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Otolaryngology and a Graduate Faculty Member in the Institute of Medical Science at the University of Toronto. She works at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, as a Scientist in the Research Institute and Director of Research in the Cochlear Implant Laboratory. She received her Ph.D. (2005) and B.Sc (1991) at the University of Toronto and her M.A. in Audiology (1993) at Northwestern University. She is a registered audiologist (reg. CASLPO, CCC-A), a Fellow of the American Academy of Audiology (AAA), and a member of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology (ARO) and the Society of Ear, Nose and Throat Advances in Children ...

Batrachoidiformes - The Free Freshwater and Saltwater Aquarium Encyclopedia Anyone Can Edit - The Aquarium WikiBatrachoidiformes - The Free Freshwater and Saltwater Aquarium Encyclopedia Anyone Can Edit - The Aquarium Wiki

Batrachoidiformes: Body usually scaleless (small cycloid scales in some); head large with eyes more dorsal than lateral; mouth ... Retrieved from "http://www.theaquariumwiki.com/w/index.php?title=Batrachoidiformes&oldid=60367" ...
more infohttp://www.theaquariumwiki.com/w/index.php?title=Batrachoidiformes&printable=yes

Cytogenetic characterization of Porichthys porosissimus(Valenciennes, 1857)(Batrachoididae, Batrachoidiformes) from the Rio de...Cytogenetic characterization of Porichthys porosissimus(Valenciennes, 1857)(Batrachoididae, Batrachoidiformes) from the Rio de...

Batrachoidiformes) from the Rio de Janeiro Coast, Brazil by Mario Jorge Ignacio Brum et al. ... Karyoevolution of the toadfish Thalassophryne nattereri (Batrachoidiformes: Batrachoididae).. Gideão W W F Costa, Wagner Franco ... Cytogenetic characterization of Porichthys porosissimus(Valenciennes, 1857)(Batrachoididae, Batrachoidiformes) from the Rio de ... Batrachoidiformes) from the Rio de Janeiro Coast, Brazil}, author={Mario Jorge Ignacio Brum and Paulo Roberto Antunes de Mello ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Cytogenetic-characterization-of-Porichthys-from-the-Brum-Affonso/88a96f46802ecf60be0a5b18f72b4efdaf144b88

Sound production in red-bellied piranhas (Pygocentrus nattereri, Kner): an acoustical, behavioural and morphofunctional study |...Sound production in red-bellied piranhas (Pygocentrus nattereri, Kner): an acoustical, behavioural and morphofunctional study |...

Batrachoidiformes, Scorpaeniformes). However, species exhibit a wide range of variation in the origin and insertion of the ...
more infohttp://jeb.biologists.org/content/214/21/3613

Allenbatrachus meridionalisAllenbatrachus meridionalis

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Halophryninae. Etymology: ...
more infohttp://www.fishbase.org/summary/63432

Actualización de bases de datos de invertebrados (Rotifera, Cladocera y Copepoda) y pecesActualización de bases de datos de invertebrados (Rotifera, Cladocera y Copepoda) y peces

Batrachoidiformes, Stomiiformes, Gasterosteiformes, Atheriniformes, Perciformes, Clupeiformes, Tetraodontiformes, Beloniformes ...
more infohttps://www.gbif.org/dataset/805a8972-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a

Códigos de barras de la vida en huevos y larvas de peces costeros y oceánicos de la parte norte del Sistema Arrecifal...Códigos de barras de la vida en huevos y larvas de peces costeros y oceánicos de la parte norte del Sistema Arrecifal...

Batrachoidiformes, Lampriformes, Gadiformes, Albuliformes, Atheriniformes, Anguilliformes, Perciformes, Pleuronectiformes, ...
more infohttps://www.gbif.org/dataset/9025b21c-000d-4946-82f1-9acf01362ecf

Catalogue of Life : 2008 Annual Checklist : Order MyctophiformesCatalogue of Life : 2008 Annual Checklist : Order Myctophiformes

The Species 2000/ITIS Catalogue of Life : 2006 Annual Checklist is a comprehensive index of all known plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms. It can be used to search multiple databases simultaneously for the scientific name of an organism.
more infohttp://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2008/browse_taxa.php?path=0,1,695,1909,5455&selected_taxon=5455

Catalogue of Life : 2008 Annual Checklist : Genus SchizothoraxCatalogue of Life : 2008 Annual Checklist : Genus Schizothorax

The Species 2000/ITIS Catalogue of Life : 2006 Annual Checklist is a comprehensive index of all known plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms. It can be used to search multiple databases simultaneously for the scientific name of an organism.
more infohttp://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2008/browse_taxa.php?selected_taxon=14676&showlsid=urn:lsid:catalogueoflife.org:taxon:d7707306-29c1-102b-9a4a-00304854f820:ac2008

Triathalassothia lambalotiTriathalassothia lambaloti

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Halophryninae. Etymology: ...
more infohttp://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/SpeciesSummary.php?id=60530

Batrachoides liberiensis,  Hairy toadfish  : fisheriesBatrachoides liberiensis, Hairy toadfish : fisheries

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Batrachoidinae. Etymology: ...
more infohttp://fishbase.mnhn.fr/summary/SpeciesSummary.php?id=4933

LophiiformesLophiiformes

The Lophiiformes has traditionally been allied with the order Batrachoidiformes. Regan (1912) initially believed these two ... separated the Lophiiformes from the Batrachoidiformes, stating that although the resemblances in the pectoral arch may be due ...
more infohttp://www.tolweb.org/lophiiformes

LophiiformesLophiiformes

The Lophiiformes has traditionally been allied with the order Batrachoidiformes. Regan (1912) initially believed these two ... separated the Lophiiformes from the Batrachoidiformes, stating that although the resemblances in the pectoral arch may be due ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/Lophiiformes

Batrachoides gilberti,  Large-eye toadfishBatrachoides gilberti, Large-eye toadfish

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Batrachoidinae. Etymology: ...
more infohttp://fishbase.us/summary/SpeciesSummary.php?id=53099

Fish Classification - The Canadian EncyclopediaFish Classification - The Canadian Encyclopedia

Batrachoidiformes, one family and 78 species, toadfishes, one in Canada, the plainfin midshipman in Pacific. Mostly marine. ...
more infohttp://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/fish-classification/

Batrachoididae - WikipediaBatrachoididae - Wikipedia

Batrachoididae is the only family in the ray-finned fish order Batrachoidiformes. Members of this family are usually called ... Nelson, Joseph S. (2006) "Order Batrachoidiformes" Fishes of the World (4th ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, ISBN 978-0-471 ... Collette, B. B. "Order Batrachoidiformes, Batrachoididae, Toadfishes." In Carpenter, Kent E. (ed.) (2002) The living marine ... About 80 species of toadfishes are grouped into 21 genera, as: Order Batrachoidiformes Family Batrachoididae Subfamily ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batrachoididae

iDigBio PortaliDigBio Portal

"batrachoidiformes", "datasetid": "7ddf754f-d193-4cc9-b351-99906754a03b" }, "attribution": { "uuid": "5f105976-5a5f-4a72-850d- ... "Animalia , Chordata , Actinopterygii , Batrachoidiformes , Batrachoididae , Opsanus", "dwc:catalogNumber": "44563", "dwc: ... "animalia , chordata , actinopterygii , batrachoidiformes , batrachoididae , opsanus", "taxonid": "2350911", "scientificname": ... "Batrachoidiformes", "dcterms:references": "http://portal.vertnet.org/o/tnhc/ichthyology?id=44563", "dcterms:accessRights": ...
more infohttps://www.idigbio.org/portal/records/a701d532-12f2-412f-b588-41c183017f62

The structure and relationships of the paracanthopterygian fishes. Bulletin of the AMNH ; v. 141, article 3The structure and relationships of the paracanthopterygian fishes. Bulletin of the AMNH ; v. 141, article 3

The supposed members of this superorder are the Percopsiformes, Gadiformes, Batrachoidiformes, Lophiiformes, and ...
more infohttp://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/1996

Actinopterygii - WikipediaActinopterygii - Wikipedia

2013 Order Batrachoidiformes (toadfishes) Series Gobiomopharia Betancur-Rodriguez et al. 2013 Order Kurtiformes(Nurseryfishes ... Batrachoidiformes) Tylosurus crocodilus (Beloniformes) Sargocentron spiniferum (Holocentriformes) Barbourisia rufa ( ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actinopterygii

PercomorphaPercomorpha

Batrachoidiformes, Lophiiformes, Ophiidiformes also have five or fewer hypurals, but character conflict here is resolved by ... The phylogenetic position of toadfishes (Order Batrachoidiformes)in the higher ray-finned fishes as inferred from partitioned ...
more infohttp://tolweb.org/Gasterosteiformes

PercomorphaPercomorpha

Batrachoidiformes, Lophiiformes, Ophiidiformes also have five or fewer hypurals, but character conflict here is resolved by ... The phylogenetic position of toadfishes (Order Batrachoidiformes)in the higher ray-finned fishes as inferred from partitioned ...
more infohttp://www.tolweb.org/Percomorpha

Code System ConceptCode System Concept

Order Batrachoidiformes (organism) {107386003 , SNOMED-CT } Parent/Child (Relationship Type) Family Batrachoididae - toadfish ( ...
more infohttps://phinvads.cdc.gov/vads/ViewCodeSystemConcept.action?oid=2.16.840.1.113883.6.96&code=107386003

The effects of pH and the iron redox state on iron uptake in the intestine of a marine teleost fish, gulf toadfish (Opsanus...The effects of pH and the iron redox state on iron uptake in the intestine of a marine teleost fish, gulf toadfish (Opsanus...

TY - JOUR. T1 - The effects of pH and the iron redox state on iron uptake in the intestine of a marine teleost fish, gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta). AU - Cooper, C. A.. AU - Bury, N. R.. AU - Grosell, Martin. PY - 2006/3/1. Y1 - 2006/3/1. N2 - In the marine teleost intestine the secretion of bicarbonate increases pH of the lumen (pH 8.4 -9.0) and importantly reduces Ca2+ and Mg 2+ concentrations by the formation of insoluble divalent ion carbonates. The alkaline intestinal environment could potentially also cause essential metal carbonate formation reducing bioavailability. Iron accumulation was assessed in the Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) gut by mounting intestine segments in modified Ussing chambers fitted to a pH-stat titration system. This system titrates to maintain lumen pH constant and in the process prevents bicarbonate accumulation. The luminal saline pH was clamped to pH 5.5 or 7.0 to investigate the effect of proton concentrations on iron uptake. In addition, redox state was altered ...
more infohttps://miami.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/the-effects-of-ph-and-the-iron-redox-state-on-iron-uptake-in-the-

Intestinal anion exchange in teleost water balance<...Intestinal anion exchange in teleost water balance<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Intestinal anion exchange in teleost water balance. AU - Grosell, Martin. AU - Taylor, Josi R.. PY - 2007/9/1. Y1 - 2007/9/1. N2 - Simultaneous measurements of all major electrolytes including HCO3- and H+ as well as water demonstrated that fluids absorbed by the anterior intestine of the marine gulf toadfish under in vivo-like conditions on an overall net basis are hypertonic at 380 mOsm and acidic ([H+] = 27 mM). This unusual composition of fluids absorbed across the intestinal epithelium is due to the unusual intestinal fluid chemistry resulting from seawater ingestion and selective ion and water absorption along the gastro-intestinal tract. Measurement under near symmetrical conditions with high NaCl concentrations and low MgSO4 concentrations revealed absorption of iso-osmotic and much less acidic fluids by the intestinal epithelium, a situation resembling that of other water absorbing leaky vertebrate epithelia. Reduced luminal NaCl concentrations seen in vivo results in ...
more infohttps://miami.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/intestinal-anion-exchange-in-teleost-water-balance
  • These included species within the orders Gadiformes (N = 7) and Batrachoidiformes (N = 2) (Table 1). (freethesaurus.com)
  • Ophidiiformes (cusk-eels and allies) and Batrachoidiformes (toadfishes) are nested within Percomorpha, the clade that includes most of modern acanthomorph diversity. (frontiersin.org)
  • Shopping Miya M, Satoh only all create how to knock your, Nishida M. The own Tobacco of religious costs-benefit Batrachoidiformes) in the higher able basis as verified from connected misconfigured period of 102 basic specific place guarantees. (usnewslinks.com)
  • Miya M, Satoh book forget the elephants watch out for the, Nishida M. The subordinal neighbor-joining of relatives( group Batrachoidiformes) in the higher Comparative electron as made from observed due field of 102 evolutionary novel coefficient chapters. (malervanderwal.de)