An order of bottom fishes with short, small, spinous dorsal fins. It is comprised of one family (Batrachoididae) and about 70 species.
A genus in the family Trichocomaceae, order EUROTIALES. The anamorph is ASPERGILLUS.
An order of fish with eight families and numerous species of both egg-laying and livebearing fish. Families include Cyprinodontidae (egg-laying KILLIFISHES;), FUNDULIDAEl; (topminnows), Goodeidae (Mexican livebearers), Jenynsiidae (jenynsiids), Poeciliidae (livebearers), Profundulidae (Middle American killifishes), Aplocheilidae, and Rivulidae (rivulines). In the family Poeciliidae, the guppy and molly belong to the genus POECILIA.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
Ordered compilations of item descriptions and sufficient information to afford access to them.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.

Mutually exclusive muscle designs: the power output of the locomotory and sonic muscles of the oyster toadfish (Opsanus tau). (1/75)

Animals perform a vast array of motor activities. Although it has generally been accepted that muscles are well suited to the function that they must perform, specialization for performing one function may compromise their ability for carrying out another. We examined this principle in the toadfish muscular system: slow-twitch red and fast-twitch white myotomal muscles are used for powering swimming at relatively low frequencies, while the superfast swimbladder muscle powers mating calls by contracting at 100 Hz. We measured muscle power output over a wide range of frequencies. The red and white locomotory muscles could not generate power over ca. 2.2 and 12 Hz, respectively and, hence, could not power sound production. In contrast, the swimbladder muscle has many specializations that permit it to generate power at frequencies in excess of 100 Hz. However, these specializations drastically reduce its power output at low frequencies: the swimbladder muscle generated only one-twentieth of the power of the red muscle and one-seventh of the power of the white muscle at the frequencies used during swimming. To generate the same total power needed for swimming would require unfeasibly large amounts of swimbladder muscle that could not fit into the fish. Hence, the designs of the swimbladder and locomotory muscles are mutually exclusive.  (+info)

Neural readaptation to Earth's gravity following return from space. (2/75)

The consequence of exposure to microgravity on the otolith organs was studied by recording the responses of vestibular nerve afferents supplying the utricular otolith organ to inertial accelerations in four toadfish, Opsanus tau, sequentially for 5 days following two National Aeronautics and Space Administration shuttle orbital flights. Within the first day postflight, the magnitude of response to an applied translation was on average three times greater than for controls. The reduced gravitational acceleration in orbit apparently resulted in an upregulation of the sensitivity of utricular afferents. By 30 h postflight, responses were statistically similar to control. The time course of return to normal afferent sensitivity parallels the reported decrease in vestibular disorientation in astronauts following return from space.  (+info)

Anatomical distribution and cellular basis for high levels of aromatase activity in the brain of teleost fish: aromatase enzyme and mRNA expression identify glia as source. (3/75)

Although teleost fish have higher levels of brain aromatase activity than any other vertebrate group, its function remains speculative, and no study has identified its cellular basis. A previous study determined aromatase activity in a vocal fish, the plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus), and found highest levels in the telencephalon and lower levels in the sonic hindbrain, which was dimorphic between and within (males) sexes. We have now localized aromatase-containing cells in the midshipman brain both by immunocytochemistry using teleost-specific aromatase antibodies and by in situ hybridization using midshipman-specific aromatase probes. Aromatase-immuno-reactivity and mRNA hybridization signal are consistent with relative levels of aromatase activity in different brain regions: concentrated in the dimorphic sonic motor nucleus, in a band just beneath the periaqueductal gray in the midbrain, in ventricular regions in the hypothalamus, and highest levels in the telencephalon especially in preoptic and ventricular areas. Surprisingly, double-label immunofluorescence does not show aromatase-immunoreactive colocalization in neurons, but instead in radial glia throughout the brain. This is the first study to identify aromatase expression mostly, if not entirely, in glial cells under normal rather than brain injury-dependent conditions. The abundance of aromatase in teleosts may represent an adaptation linked to continual neurogenesis that is known to occur throughout an individual's lifetime among fishes. The localization of aromatase within the intersexually and intrasexually dimorphic vocal-motor circuit further implies a function in the expression of alternative male reproductive phenotypes and, more generally, the development of natural, individual variation of specific brain nuclei.  (+info)

Relationship between inner-ear fluid pressure and semicircular canal afferent nerve discharge. (4/75)

The present study was designed to determine (1) the transcupular fluid pressure (deltaP) generated across the semicircular canal cupula in response to sinusoidal head rotation, (2) the translabyrinthine dilational pressure (P0) generated across the membranous labyrinth in response to an increase in endolymph fluid volume (hydrops), (3) afferent nerve discharge patterns generated by these distinct pressure stimuli and, (4) threshold values of deltaP and P0 required to elicit afferent neural responses. The experimental model was the oyster toadfish, Opsanus tau. Micromechanical indentation of the horizontal canal (HC) duct and utricular vestibule was used to simulate sinusoidal head rotation and fluid volume injection. Single-unit neural spike trains and endolymph pressure within the ampulla, on both sides of the cupula, were recorded simultaneously. deltaP averaged 0.013 Pa per 1 degrees/s of sinusoidal angular head velocity and P0 averaged 0.2 Pa per 1 nL of endolymph volume injection. The most responsive afferents had a threshold sensitivity to deltaP of 10(-3) Pa and to P0 of 5 x 10(-2) Pa based on a discharge modulation criterion of 1 impulse/s per cycle for 2 Hz pressure stimuli. Neural sensitivity to AP was expected on the basis of transverse cupular and hair bundle deflections. Analysis of mechanics of the end organ, neuronal projections into the crista, and individual neural firing patterns indicates that P0 sensitivity resulted from pressure-induced distension of the ampulla that led to a nonuniform cupular deformation pattern and hair bundle deflections. This explanation is consistent with predictions of a finite element model of the end organ. Results have implications regarding the role of deltaP in angular motion transduction and the role of P0 under transient hydropic conditions.  (+info)

Seasonal plasticity of peripheral auditory frequency sensitivity. (5/75)

Female midshipman fish (Porichthys notatus) use the auditory sense to detect and locate vocalizing males during the breeding season. Detection of conspecific vocal signals is essential to their reproductive success and can evoke strong phonotactic responses in gravid females but not in spent females that have released all of their eggs. Here, we test the hypothesis that seasonal variation in reproductive state affects the neurophysiological response properties of the peripheral auditory system in female midshipman fish. Iso-intensity responses of eighth nerve afferents from the sacculus, the main auditory end organ of the inner ear, to individual tones were measured for spike rate and vector strength (VS) of synchronization. Most auditory saccular units in reproductive, summer females showed robust temporal encoding up to 340 Hz, whereas nonreproductive winter females showed comparable encoding only up to 100 Hz. The dramatic upward shift in temporal encoding among summer fish was paralleled by increases in best frequency (BF), maximum evoked spike rate at BF, VS values at BF, and the percentage of units that showed significant VS to iso-intensity tones >140 Hz. Reproductive summer females were best suited to encode the higher harmonic components of male advertisement calls. This first demonstration of a natural cyclicity in peripheral auditory frequency sensitivity among vertebrates may represent, in this case, an adaptive plasticity of the female midshipman's auditory system to enhance the acquisition of auditory information needed for mate identification and localization during the breeding season.  (+info)

A second glutamine synthetase gene with expression in the gills of the gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta). (6/75)

We characterized the expression of the nitrogen metabolism enzyme glutamine synthetase [GSase; L-glutamate: ammonia ligase (ADP-forming), E.C. 6.3.1.2] in tissues of the gulf toadfish Opsanus beta subjected to unconfined (ammonotelic) and confined (ureotelic) conditions. Enzymological results demonstrate that mass-specific GSase activities rank in the order of brain > liver > stomach approximately kidney > intestine > gill > heart/spleen > muscle. When tissue mass is used to calculate a glutamine synthetic potential, the liver has the greatest, followed by muscle > stomach and intestine, with minor contributions from the remaining tissues. Additionally, during confinement stress, GSase activity increases significantly only in liver (fivefold) and muscle (twofold), tissues that previously showed significant expression of the other enzymes of urea synthesis. Western analyses of samples on SDS gels demonstrated that GSase-specific protein content reflected enzyme activity, and all tissues except muscle had a single, similarly sized GSase subunit of 49.4 kDa; muscle showed staining of two bands of 36.8 and 98.9 kDa, which may possibly result from another gene product or post-translational modification. RT-PCR and RACE-PCR revealed the presence of a second GSase cDNA from gill tissue that shares only 73% nucleotide and amino acid sequence similarity with the GSase cDNA previously cloned from liver, and that lacks a mitochondrial leader-targeting sequence. RT-PCR and restriction digestion experiments demonstrated that mRNA from the original 'liver' GSase is expressed in all tissues examined (liver, gill, stomach, intestine, kidney, brain and muscle), whereas the new 'gill' form shows expression primarily in the gill. Gill GSase activity shows apparently exclusive expression in the soluble compartment, while other tissues expressing the 'liver' form show both cytoplasmic and mitochondrial activities. Phylogenetic analysis of a number of GSases demonstrates that the toadfish gill GSase has a greater affinity for a clade that includes the Xenopus GSase genes and one of two Fugu GSase genes, than it has for a clade containing the toadfish liver GSase and other described teleost GSase genes. The results are discussed in the context of a prior hypothesis on an ammonia-trapping mechanism in the gill of the toadfish.  (+info)

Putative isotocin distributions in sonic fish: relation to vasotocin and vocal-acoustic circuitry. (7/75)

Recent neurophysiological evidence in the plainfin midshipman fish (Porichthys notatus) demonstrated that isotocin (IT) and arginine vasotocin (AVT) modulate fictive vocalizations divergently between three reproductive morphs. To provide an anatomical framework for the modulation of vocalization by IT and to foster comparisons with the distributions of the IT homologues mesotocin (MT) and oxytocin (OT) in other vertebrate groups, we describe putative IT distributions in the midshipman and the closely related gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta. Double-label fluorescent histochemistry was used for IT and AVT (by using antibodies for MT, OT, and the mammalian AVT homologue, arginine vasopressin [AVP]). MT/OT-like immunoreactive (MT/OT-lir) cell groups were found in the anterior parvocellular, posterior parvocellular, and magnocellular preoptic nuclei. MT/OT-lir fibers and putative terminals densely innervated the ventral telencephalon and numerous areas in the hypothalamus and brainstem. These distributions included all sites of vocal-acoustic integration recently identified for the forebrain and midbrain and diencephalic components of the ascending auditory pathway. Results were qualitatively comparable across morphs, species, and seasons. In contrast to the widespread distribution of MT/OT-lir, AVP-lir somata, fibers, and putative terminals were almost completely restricted to vocal-acoustic regions. These data parallel previous descriptions of AVT immunoreactivity in these species, although the present methods showed a previously undescribed, seasonally variable AVP-lir cell group in the anterior tuberal hypothalamus, a vocally active site and a component of the ascending auditory pathway. These findings provided anatomic support for the role of IT and AVT in the modulation of vocal behavior at multiple levels of the central vocal-acoustic circuitry.  (+info)

Cross-bridge blocker BTS permits direct measurement of SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization in toadfish swimbladder muscle fibers. (8/75)

Because the major processes involved in muscle contraction require rapid utilization of ATP, measurement of ATP utilization can provide important insights into the mechanisms of contraction. It is necessary, however, to differentiate between the contribution made by cross-bridges and that of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ pumps. Specific and potent SR Ca2+ pump blockers have been used in skinned fibers to permit direct measurement of cross-bridge ATP utilization. Up to now, there was no analogous cross-bridge blocker. Recently, N-benzyl-p-toluene sulfonamide (BTS) was found to suppress force generation at micromolar concentrations. We tested whether BTS could be used to block cross-bridge ATP utilization, thereby permitting direct measurement of SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization in saponin-skinned fibers. At 25 microM, BTS virtually eliminates force and cross-bridge ATP utilization (both <4% of control value). By taking advantage of the toadfish swimbladder muscle's unique right shift in its force-Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]) relationship, we measured SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization in the presence and absence of BTS. At 25 microM, BTS had no effect on SR pump ATP utilization. Hence, we used BTS to make some of the first direct measurements of ATP utilization of intact SR over a physiological range of [Ca2+]at 15 degrees C. Curve fits to SR Ca2+ pump ATP utilization vs. pCa indicate that they have much lower Hill coefficients (1.49) than that describing cross-bridge force generation vs. pCa (approximately 5). Furthermore, we found that BTS also effectively eliminates force generation in bundles of intact swimbladder muscle, suggesting that it will be an important tool for studying integrated SR function during normal motor behavior.  (+info)

Its time for another installment in our occasional series Wild Sounds - short stories that take you to remote parts of the world to hear the sounds of rare animals. Biologist Andy Bass of Cornell University explains what makes the plainfin midshipman fish hum.
Along the Pacific coast of North America, the marine fish, Porichthys notatus, is distributed as a northern nonluminescent population and a southern luminescent one. Bioluminescence capability is inducible in nonluminescent P. notatus by a single oral or intraperitoneal administration of a small amount of luciferin, a compound used by the marine ostracod crustacean, Vargula, as substrate for light emission. Once induced, the fish is capable of luminescing for more than 2 years. The results of the present study show that: (1) P. notatus photophores incorporate 14C-labelled Vargula luciferin: (2) the specific activity of the incorporated label is undiluted when recovered from the photophores 7 weeks later; (3) two chemical analogues of Vargula luciferin do not induce bioluminescence capability in the fish; (4) luciferinol, another close analogue of Vargula luciferin, induces a very weak bioluminescent capability in the fish; and (5) two key intermediates in the degradation of Vargula luciferin, ...
Hypoxia (low oxygen) exposure generally leads to decreased reproductive capacity, exhibited by reductions in testicular mass, reproductive hormones, and sperm swimming speed. However, in many fish species, reproduction occurs either periodically or exclusively under hypoxic conditions. In this study we assessed how hypoxia influences sperm performance in the plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus Girard, 1854), a species that lives in intertidal nests that become hypoxic during low tides. We exposed sperm from the same male to normoxic or hypoxic conditions and compared sperm characteristics and oxygen consumption between treatments. Sperm exposed to hypoxic water swam faster and consumed more oxygen than sperm swimming in normoxic conditions. Sperm swimming speed was positively related with oxygen consumption. For each male, the percentage of motile spermatozoa did not differ between treatments, suggesting that the same number of sperm were active but their performance was dependent on the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The regulatory role of glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors in pulsatile urea excretion of the gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta. AU - Rodela, Tamara M.. AU - McDonald, M. Danielle. AU - Walsh, Patrick J.. AU - Gilmour, Kathleen M.. PY - 2009/6/15. Y1 - 2009/6/15. N2 - Gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta, are one among a group of unusual teleosts that excrete urea as their predominant nitrogen end product in response to stressful conditions. Under conditions of crowding or confinement, fasted toadfish excrete the majority of their nitrogen waste in large pulses of urea (,90% of total nitrogen) lasting up to 3h. An earlier study demonstrated that cortisol has an inhibitory influence on urea pulse size. The present study tested the hypothesis that cortisol mediates changes in urea pulse size in ureotelic toadfish through the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and not the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). In vivo pharmacological investigations were used to manipulate the corticosteroid system ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effects of pH and the iron redox state on iron uptake in the intestine of a marine teleost fish, gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta). AU - Cooper, C. A.. AU - Bury, N. R.. AU - Grosell, Martin. PY - 2006/3/1. Y1 - 2006/3/1. N2 - In the marine teleost intestine the secretion of bicarbonate increases pH of the lumen (pH 8.4 -9.0) and importantly reduces Ca2+ and Mg 2+ concentrations by the formation of insoluble divalent ion carbonates. The alkaline intestinal environment could potentially also cause essential metal carbonate formation reducing bioavailability. Iron accumulation was assessed in the Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) gut by mounting intestine segments in modified Ussing chambers fitted to a pH-stat titration system. This system titrates to maintain lumen pH constant and in the process prevents bicarbonate accumulation. The luminal saline pH was clamped to pH 5.5 or 7.0 to investigate the effect of proton concentrations on iron uptake. In addition, redox state was altered ...
Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: Actinopterygii. Order: Batrachoidiformes. Family: Batrachoididae. This fish is the plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus). If you were looking at the top of the fish, you would see a plain grayish fish with a rather large mouth. One of the midshipmans interesting features actually lie underneath the fish. These interesting dots on the underside of the fish are photophores, which can produce a bright light pattern. Its still not clear what the light is for, but some speculate that the midshipman uses them to lure prey closer when hunting. The midshipman will hang in the water column and flash its light to attract prey items.. Interesting thing number 2 is how midshipman reproduce. Like most fish, males are responsible for maintaining the nest and attracting the females to lay their eggs. Male midshipman will hum for hours on end to attract females to their nest. The hum is produced by the fish vibrating their swim bladder, and can be so loud that ...
Previous studies have shown that exogenous ammonia exposure, air exposure and crowding conditions induce ureotely in gulf toadfish (Walsh et al., 1990; Wang and Walsh, 2000; Walsh et al., 1994). The present study examined the effects of crowding stress on plasma cortisol concentrations, hepatic ammonia and urea levels, as well as liver O-UC enzyme mRNA expression and activity. Liver urea levels were found to be elevated in crowded toadfish, suggesting an upregulation in the O-UC in these fish. Indeed, all of the O-UC enzymes analyzed showed a coordinated induction in terms of increased activity. However, only two genes, CPS and ASS, showed an upregulation at the level of mRNA expression, suggesting that in terms of the response to crowding stress, induction of the O-UC may be primarily dependent on post-transcriptional changes to existing enzymes.. Levels of mRNA expression have previously been measured in crowded gulf toadfish for only two of the six O-UC enzymes using RPAs (Kong et al., 2000). ...
Reproductive success relies on the coordination of social behaviours, such as territory defence, courtship and mating. Species with extreme variation in reproductive tactics are useful models for identifying the neural mechanisms underlying social behaviour plasticity. The plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus) is a teleost fish with two male reproductive morphs that follow widely divergent developmental trajectories and display alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs). Type I males defend territories, court females and provide paternal care, but will resort to cuckoldry if they cannot maintain a territory. Type II males reproduce only through cuckoldry. We sought to disentangle gene expression patterns underlying behavioural tactic, in this case ARTs, from those solely reflective of developmental morph. Using RNA-sequencing, we investigated differential transcript expression in the preoptic area-anterior hypothalamus (POA-AH) of courting type I males, cuckolding type I males and cuckolding ...
Recent reports have implicated an important role for arginine vasotocin (AVT) in the socially mediated sexual differentiation of fishes. This study focuses on the plainfin midshipman (Porichthys notatus) which exhibits two male morphs, type I and type II, differing in a suite of behavioral, neurobio …
Midshipman (foaled March 26, 2006, in Kentucky) is an American Thoroughbred racehorse. Owned by Stonerside Stable and trained by Hall of Famer Bob Baffert, as a two-year-old Midshipman won 3 of 4 starts, including the Breeders Cup Juvenile and Del Mar Futurity. Two weeks before his run in the Breeders Cup, Midshipman was sold to Darley Stable and as part of the sales agreement was transferred to trainer Saeed bin Suroor after the race. The colt was a leading contender for the 2009 Triple Crown but fell off due to a soft tissue injury. Midshipman made his 3 year old debut in an allowance optional claiming race on Sept 18 at Belmont Park, which marked his first start on traditional dirt. He won by 3​1⁄2 lengths over co-favorite Just Ben. Midshipman also ran in 2009s Breeders Cup Dirt Mile, where he finished 3rd to the longest shot in the race, Farthest Land. ...
Autism spectrum disorder is associated with deficits in three main behavioral areas: social behaviors, repetitive behaviors, and language abnormalities. Accumulating evidence suggests a potential role for oxytocin signaling in the etiology of autism. Oxytocin signaling is integral to complex social behaviors such as fear, social recognition, and monogamous pair bonding initiation (Wang and Aragona 2004; Kirsch, Esslinger et al. 2005; Choleris, Little et al. 2007). Furthermore, evidence of a causal relationship between altered oxytocin levels and repetitive behaviors exists both humans and animals (Drago, Pederson et al. 1986; Hollander, Novotny et al. 2003). However, limited research exists to document a role for oxytocin and oxytocin related peptides in communication related behavior either in humans or animal models. Oxytocin immunoreactive neurons have been found in brain areas associated with the vocal behaviors of both the mustached bat and the plainfin midshipman fish and increased plasma ...
Other articles where Venomous toadfish is discussed: toadfish: …waters along eastern North America; venomous toadfishes (Thalassophryne and Daector), found in Central and South America and notable for inflicting painful wounds with the hollow, venom-injecting spines on their dorsal fins and gill covers; and midshipmen (Porichthys), shallow-water American fishes named for numerous (600-840) small, buttonlike light organs arranged in…
The notable notatus Reflections On The Plainfin Midshipman San Francisco Bay is filled with numerous mud dwelling bottom feeding little baitfish type species and all of these tend to have very descriptive and interesting names. Its almost as if the same guy was naming all of them. Theres the longjaw mudsucker-- longjaw mudsucker a particularly apt and poetic title. The Pacific staghorn sculpin, which is a real mouthful-until youve said it 500 times written it on innumerable forms and measured and catalogued many thousands of these. Pacific staghorn sculpin (aka: bullhead) Then of course theres the mysteriously named, sarcastic fringehead....
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It is your responsibility to make arrangements for housing while attending school. The unit staff will coordinate with FAMU and FSU for early move-in. Midshipmen must arrange for their school year living quarters (dormitory or apartment) before arriving for NROTC NSO. The NROTC Program does not provide or find permanent living quarters for midshipmen. Students planning to attend FAMU must consider that university policy requires that all First-Time in College Freshman live on campus. Students whose parents/family lives within a radius of 35 miles of the campus are exempt from this policy ...
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It is difficult for toadfishes to swim across great distances, so populations can become easily isolated by geography and evolve into now species.. Also known as the coral toadfish and the Cozumel splendid toadfish is a species entirely endemic to the island of Cozumel, Mexico. Bonus Fact 1: Toadfish have gone into space orbin on two NASA space shuttle missions.. Bonus Fact 2: Gulf Toadfish who life off the coast of Florida make up a notable portion of the dolphins diet, approximately 13%. Scientific experiments have shown that the mating call of the toadfish alerts dolphin predators to the fishs location. Similarly, the sounds caused by the dolphin when hunting its prey alert toadfish to the location of the predators and cause the fish to silence their mating call. Male toadfish will reduce their mating calls by up to 50% when they hear the low sound of a dolphins pop ...
Frost, Darrel R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Brachycephalus didactylus . Accessed on 04 May 2008 ...
Senior point guard Tilman Dunbar scored 22 points and dished off eight assists as seventh-seeded Navy built a big lead then thwarted a late charge to beat No. 10 Lafayette, 78-70, in front of 687 fans at Alumni Hall. Sophomore swingman Shawn Anderson totaled 21 points, four rebounds and four assists for the Midshipmen, who led for almost 36 of 40 minutes ...
The Research Opportunities for Midshipmen page for the CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT site for Virginia F. Smith. This page was last updated on Nov 22, 2016 5:08:22 PM.
Emily is interested in the biochemistry of bioluminescence in fishes and ostracods. She is currently working on isolating and characterizing proteins in midshipman fish.
The basics of grunting would be three things to consider. Buck Grunt. Buck hunting is a fun game that is suitable for a different mode of hunting. 12 Tracks 640553 Views. Grunt Sounds. The trailing grunt is normally a rhythmic call and can be in rhythm with the steps he takes. Funny Animal Sounds. Encountering the closest buck or the farthest from your sight would be somewhat impossible next to any bowhunters. The inside parts are delicate and easily flex or go bend down, so be cautious about doing so. They can leap in tall fences in a single bound. No guns allowed. Roe Deer Calls. Sound clips of Deer, an animal of incredible beauty and power. Best Budget: Flextone Buck Collector Plus Call, 4. Just as every human voice is different, deer have a variety of grunts from a low-throat sound to a sound that is richer in tonality. The next deer call well discuss is one of the silliest sounding pieces of hunting equipment youll probably ever own.… Because it is something that takes time to master at ...
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p ...
The hum group was exposed to multiple Type I male midshipman calls looped together continuously. The noise group served as a secondary control group that was exposed to a type of noise called brown noise that mimicked the wavelengths of the hums, while not having the exact makeup of a hum call. The control group was a recording of the intertidal breeding zone of the midshipman without any calls from fish. In both the hum and noise groups, sounds were played from 100-500 Hz. However, the hum groups audio contained some harmonic noises at different frequencies that were not present in the noise groups audio. If the hum and noise groups were to yield similar results, this would indicate that the female midshipman ear cannot distinguish between reproductive and nonreproductive calls by wavelength. This would mean that the brain regions react to qualitative differences between auditory stimuli, rather than quantitative differences-wavelength. However, if noise and hum groups were to yield ...
Found in tropical to warm temperate coastal waters, but absent from islands of western Pacific. Often forming large groups swimming near the surface and quite destructive of commercial oyster and clam beds. Feeds on bottom-living mollusks, crustaceans and fishes. Seldom marketed. Ovoviviparous, gestation period up to one year with 2-6 embryos produced. ...
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00645 - 0.01549), b=3.13 (3.00 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ...
CFB Game Matchup Report for UCF at NAVY on February 17, 2018, live betting odds and lines, handicapping & betting trends, against the spread (ats) and over/under trends, injury reports and matchup stats for sports bettors
Justin Zemser, 20, of Rockaway Beach, N.Y., was killed as headed home on leave. Family members describe him as a thoughtful, aspiring leader.
Often the truth of combat during the Age of Sail is at least as strange as the fiction set during that era. Sometimes the participants went on to fame. More often their fate is cloaked in obscurity. I plan on writing on more of these happenings in the future but for the first installment Ill…
Starting a Career With Grunt Work Can Be Rewarding [...] going to the coffee shop for your boss. Take a deep breath and think before you run away to join the circus. After she graduated from Northern Arizona University, she headed to the District of Columbia in pursuit of a dream job. Which, in laymans terms, apparently means envelope stuffer, box carrier and travel arranger. Being there not only opened Plesichs eyes to the industry, it also connected her with people she can stay in touch with for years. Consider this job your next step in education -- one that doesnt require any more student loans. Do you like a class system, or would you rather have a place that doesnt have a well-entrenched corporate ladder? In todays market, with companies scratching for good talent, employers are more apt to tap even entry-level folk to help out on big projects or be moved into a better position, said Lisa Calla-Russ, a senior recruiter at Snelling Personnel Services.
A top Queenstown runner endured excruciating pain to win a recent mountain run in Fiordland. Sarah Douglas won the womens 27km Luxmore Grunt - companion race to the longer Kepler Challenge - despite the recurrence of a painful nerve tumour in ...
So Im in the whine cellar and right after I picked up the Laundanum (healing potion) this grunt corners me so I crouch down behind the shelf and wait there, staring at the wall, checking back every few seconds to see if hes gone. Ive been doing this for probably five minutes now. Is this normal? Why wont he go away? Its not even scary anymore, its just plain BORING. I want to get on with the game ...
Title: Laccolith Grunt Language: English Expansion: Nemesis Type: Creature - Beast Rarity: Common Condition: Unplayed NM/M In Stoc
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Occurs in bottom areas mainly in the coastal waters. Euryhaline (Ref. 12041). Found in the sea and estuarine areas (Ref. 4833). Occurs in estuaries over muddy bottoms (Ref. 12693). ...
This paper presents a control design method for determining proportional-integral-type controllers satisfying specifications on gain margin, phase margin, and an upper bound on the (complementary) sensitivity for a finite set of plants. The approach can be applied to plants that are stable or unstable, plants given by a model or measured data, and plants of any order, including plants with delays. The algorithm is efficient and fast, and as such can be used in near real-time to determine controller parameters (for online modification of the plant model including its uncertainty and/or the specifications). The method gives an optimal controller for a practical definition of optimality. Furthermore, it enables the graphical portrayal of design tradeoffs in a single plot, highlighting the effects of the gain margin, complementary sensitivity bound, low frequency sensitivity and high frequency sensor noise amplification.
Team Midshipman (Jan 2018) in front of the Ricketts lab on Cannery Row in Monterey, CA; left to right: Will Palmer, Ruiyu Zeng, Nick Lozier, Brooke Vetter, and Joe Sisneros ...
A quick perusal of this blog will show that Ive shied away from writing much on major figures of the Age of Sail. While I have biographical entries on lesser known figures, like Sir Henry Duncan and Midshipman Flinders, there is no story on Horatio Nelson or, perhaps the most swashbuckling figure of the Napoleonic…
N the gun deck below, Lieutenant Cox became aware of the commotion up forward as they clattered and fell off the ladder, while others from the gun deck, having removed the gratings from the hatchway to the berth deck below, jostled each other to get down. The panic was contagious. He ran toward them, drawing his sword.. You damned cowardly sons of bitchesl What are you jumping below for? A midshipman, Higginbotham, who was nearby, asked Cox if he should try to stop them by cutting a few down.. Cox looked at the stampede; they were too tightly crowded and too terrorized. No, sir, he said sadly. It is of no use.. By this time the American frigates topsails had filled and torn her away from the lashings that Stevens had been securing when he was struck in the arm by grape from the Americans mizzentop swivel. Now, leaving some of her port quarter gallery on the fluke of the Shannon s work anchor, the Chesapeake walked away forward. As her port side crunched against the British forecastle, ...
N the gun deck below, Lieutenant Cox became aware of the commotion up forward as they clattered and fell off the ladder, while others from the gun deck, having removed the gratings from the hatchway to the berth deck below, jostled each other to get down. The panic was contagious. He ran toward them, drawing his sword.. You damned cowardly sons of bitchesl What are you jumping below for? A midshipman, Higginbotham, who was nearby, asked Cox if he should try to stop them by cutting a few down.. Cox looked at the stampede; they were too tightly crowded and too terrorized. No, sir, he said sadly. It is of no use.. By this time the American frigates topsails had filled and torn her away from the lashings that Stevens had been securing when he was struck in the arm by grape from the Americans mizzentop swivel. Now, leaving some of her port quarter gallery on the fluke of the Shannon s work anchor, the Chesapeake walked away forward. As her port side crunched against the British forecastle, ...
I love Annapolis. My friends and I used to walk all over it instead of going to the mall when we were in middle school. Wed watch the students reading on the grass at St. Johns College and imagine ourselves there, reading 100 great books. And wed watch midshipmen at the Naval Academy doing pushups on the lawn and imagine ourselves anywhere but there. Wed descend into the great naval hero John Paul Jones crypt and imagine his bones moldering in their great, gaudy marble sarcophagus. After our tour I know that, while the Navy wont admit any error, John Paul Jones bones were found in France in an unmarked grave 105 years after his death and were identified by comparing them to a bust of him. The claim is that the friends who buried him filled his lead coffin with alcohol and so therefore he was so well preserved that he could be recognized. Uh huh ...
The Official Athletic Site of Navy E-mail, partner of CBS Sports Digital. The most comprehensive coverage of the Midshipmen on the web.
The Official Athletic Site of Navy E-mail, partner of CBS Sports Digital. The most comprehensive coverage of the Midshipmen on the web.
When entering a room where RKC kettlebell training is in progress, one quickly notices the characteristic way people breathe while performing the exercises.
Jules~ Is that show the Good Christian Bitches? Lol! Yeah, thats so me. Well, all I can say for impressing you is that it is encouraging to know that Im not just another lump on the internet. I really do want to help people. If I dont get this chance, then Ill keep trying until someone feels I can contribute. It isnt all about making money, but it sure would make life easier ...
My current research investigates how the stress response, and in particular cortisol, plays a role in mediating changes in transcription, binding and functional responsiveness of the serotonin subtype 1A (5-HT1A) receptor in the Gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta. The 5-HT1A receptor plays an important role in maintaining the homeostatic balance between serotonin and cortisol by stimulating the release of cortisol from the interrenal cells when bound by serotonin. In mammals, there is a classical negative feedback loop whereby high levels of cortisol downregulate expression of the 5-HT1A receptor to decrease the release of cortisol in response to chronically elevated plasma cortisol. I am interested in seeing if this system exists in the Gulf toadfish, and also how the changes effected by cortisol are mediated. My long term goal is to relate changes in circulating levels of cortisol, serotonin and the 5-HT1A receptor to changes in reproductive activity. Additionally, because antidepressants are known ...
Arawaka, S., Sato, H., Sasaki, A., Koyama, S., & Kato, T. (2017). Mechanisms underlying extensive Ser129-phosphorylation in α-synuclein aggregates. Acta Neuropathologica Communications, 5(1), 48.. Birkl, C., Carassiti, D., Hussain, F., Langkammer, C., Enzinger, C., Fazekas, F., . . . Ropele, S. (2017). Assessment of ferritin content in multiple sclerosis brains using temperature-induced R*2 changes. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, n/a-n/a. doi: 10.1002/mrm.26780.. Boudewyn, L. C., Sikora, J., Kuchar, L., Ledvinova, J., Grishchuk, Y., Wang, S. L., . . . Walkley, S. U. (2017). N-butyl-deoxynojirimycin delays motor deficits, cerebellar microgliosis, and Purkinje cell loss in a mouse model of mucolipidosis type IV. Neurobiology of Disease. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2017.06.003.. Chaves, P. P., Valdoria, C. M., Amorim, M. C. P., & Vasconcelos, R. O. (2017). Ontogenetic development of the inner ear saccule and utricle in the Lusitanian toadfish: Potential implications for auditory ...
Nicks Cove Beach Wow, the alarm seemed to ring awfully early. I woke up before 5:00 a.m. to head off to our first collection site because low tide was at 5:30. The whole team, Dr. Joe, Andrew, Peter, Daphne and I got into the van and drove about 30 miles to our site. Dr. Bass, Midge, and a post grad student from UCLA followed us in their car. After we arrived to the site, we all put on our boots, gloves, and each of us helped take down the buckets that were used to collect the fish. We walked down to the edge of the shore and there were many rocks and boulders strewn about in the mud among a variety of mussels and other shells. All of us helped pick up the rocks and look for the fish that were there in the nests. Midshipmen fish mate at night in the intertidal zone. If the female is attracted to the humming of the male she then makes her way into the nest and one by one lays over 100-200 eggs that night. The male then ejects his sperm over the eggs and fertilizes them. The female leaves and the ...
tured at Roanoke Island; served at Selma, Ala., and Savannah Ga. James M. Morgan, Washington, D. C.-Born in Louisiana; midshipman C. S. N., and passed midshipman C. S. N.; served on steamer Georgia and schoolship Patrick Henry. Thomas L. Moore, New York City-Born in North Carolina; midshipman U. S. N. lieutenant C. S. N.; served on Mississippi defenses and abroad. H. H. Marmaduke, Washi ...
A U.S. Navy midshipman serving as the quarterback with the U.S. Naval Academy football team, the Midshipmen, attempts a pass during the 113th Army vs. Navy football game at the Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia, Dec. 8, 2012. (DoD photo by Marvin Lynchard/Released) ...
The Naval Academy Museum is expanding their audio tour to include foreign languages to reach international visitors. Visitors can now learn about 30 different
What is the functional role, if any, of the OMC on song production? Although OMC stimulation can elicit electrical activity in song-relevant musculature, this does not necessarily imply that the OMC can influence song production. To address this directly, we carried out a series of perturbations during singing in the alone condition, beginning with bilateral electrical stimulation of the OMC. Strong stimulation resulted in song truncation, whereas milder stimulation (200 to 500 μA) often produced brief pauses (range: 638 to 1448 ms), with songs resuming once stimulation ended (Fig. 3D). The precise stereotypy of alone S. teguina songs (Fig. 1E) provides an ideal opportunity to distinguish between two possible experimental outcomes. First, the song could resume at the expected point in the sequence, accounting for the time delay (outcome 1; Fig. 3E), consistent with the hypothesis that the vocal patterning is primarily driven by a pathway independent of the OMC. In nonhuman primates, for ...
I thought the comment about Miranda and Grunt being supposed perfection was interesting in that you could probably apply it to almost all the companions. Thanes been trained since youth as the ultimate assassin, Jack is described as the most powerful human biotic, Samara has hundreds of years of discipline, Legion is some kind of super-geth, Tali is said to be gifted at engineering even for a Quarian, and Garrus is Batman.. Poor Jacob. He never had a chance.. (This is in contrast to your companions in Dragon Age: A nearly novice Grey Warden, an apostate, a poet, a disgraced Qunari, an abomination, a failed assassin, a drunk, and a faulty golem. Yet oddly, I probably like all of them more than most of the ME2 characters.). ...
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The Lusitano is a horse breed that has many names, including the Lusitanian, Betico-Lusitano, and Peninsular. A common breed in Portugal, from which it originated, the Lusitano is mainly used for riding.
WASHINGTON (AP) - A U.S. Naval Academy midshipman asked one of three former football players accused of sexually assaulting her to tell Navy…
Etajima, The Officer Candidate School of the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF), is a demanding military academy. Awakened by a bugle call at 6 a.m., midshipmen throw on uniforms and race
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From Cryptome, another 9/11 Commission interview, this time with Captain Charles Joseph Leidig, U.S.N., Commandant of Midshipmen, U.S. Naval Academy, the guy in charge of defending that part of the United States from attack on September 11, and a man who cant seem to recall much of anything, describing what appears to be a madhouse (my emphasis in red; a small light plane ...
From Cryptome, another 9/11 Commission interview, this time with Captain Charles Joseph Leidig, U.S.N., Commandant of Midshipmen, U.S. Naval Academy, the guy in charge of defending that part of the United States from attack on September 11, and a man who cant seem to recall much of anything, describing what appears to be a madhouse (my emphasis in red; a small light plane ...
Enemy design is also a bit of a disappointment, as well. Regardless of era, your enemies generally break down into one of four categories: lizard grunt with pistols, stronger lizard grunt with automatic weapons, pig with heavy weapon, and pig that throws explosives. On the upside, you can easily identify what youre up against, but it gets kinda repetitive after a while. There are a handful of other enemy types, like the cyborg lizard that requires heavier weaponry to put down, or the weird floating brain with teeth…thing…that attacks with green ring waves that both damage you and cause your screen to get wonky, which is actually pretty creative.. My biggest complaint with Zero Hour, though, is that it does resort to some cheap tactics to pad the game out and inject some artificial challenge. For example, in the Victorian levels, zombies make up a hefty chunk of the enemies, and while they themselves pose very little threat, when they die, they emit gas that damages you if you walk through ...
This breed - the pollt(r)icians - especially those found in India - have missed out on the historic nay epic linkage between the swine and the Varaha - the 3rd avatar of Lord Vishnu. Unfortunately, the poll dance is over with the haath ki safai proving to be the hand that will rock for the next 5 years. Had this connection been discovered in time… there would have been several ABC - XYZ… leaders professing to lead the Varaha party… and urging the people to come out in large numbers and vote for the swine so that they could establish Varaha Raj for the next 5 years. They would have promised to defend the honour of the pigs/varahas, thereby protecting the culture of India… !!! Would have been a great polloink plank… what say?!! And Oh before I forget… several newspaper/media offices would have been ransacked by now… for referring to such a sacred animal as swine… !!! Calling anybody a swine would have been classified as an offence of the ...
With the push of a button, the RubberNeck® converts from a mature buck grunt to a young buck grunt or a doe Estrus® Bleat. Just like the Power Buck &…
The issue of grunting in tennis was discussed on ESPNs Outside The Lines yesterday, with WTA Chair & CEO Stacey Allaster saying fans are telling us pretty clearly that they would like us to address the noise level.
I would like to use my M4 with the stock in the fully collapsed position. Does anyone know what would be the correct base mount for the T1? I know most run this set up in the middle stock position. The trouble with me doing that is occasionally when bring the shotgun up into position it will catch and hook the point of the cheek rest on my suspenders. Yea I know, dont wear any. i have the carriercomp rail base already installed ...
By the end of this section, you will be able to do the following: Compare and contrast the way in which aquatic animals and terrestrial animals can elim
It sounds like you are cautious when it comes to self repetition. Is it ever a conflict between your need to try something different and your interest in a certain subject?. No, not really a conflict. It just happens naturally. I remember in December 2016 I was in Bangkok for a week for a workshop I taught. It was a successful week in terms of classic street I would say. Coming back I found a lot of snow here in Stockholm, and passed one month in the parks and forests shooting unpeopled photos. And from that moment it continued. It felt little strange but I perceived it as a natural call that I had to follow, and I never regretted.. So the people in your recent photos are those who are closest to you, when at the same time you stopped including the strangers from the streets. Can you explain the difference? The biggest difference is the fact that I can go back to the street and shoot those photos of strangers anytime again, tomorrow or in 15 years, it will not make a difference. But my kid who ...
Love the sound of the Cummins grunt. Finish is average but I keep reminding myself of the price I paid. Still going to be good value and fun, and still below the cost of a 4 year old hilux with 100k on the clock. Time will be the test.. ...
Ive been kind of lazy about updating lately. Sorry. My bad.. Things are going better on this end. Danny is feeling MUCH better, which I am super thankful for. I was so worried about him. Turns out he had the staph AND a strep infection at the same time. Definitely not cool. Im just glad hes okay.. On a lighter note, my little guy has a tooth! Its just a teensy weensy tiny little thing, but its still a tooth. You cant really see it, because its just the tip, and its barely out of the gum, but its there! Its exciting but it makes me sad at the same time. Hes almost nine months old. Its about time he got some teethers going!. Maddi is speaking much better. She still has issues pronouncing things, and trying to use words (she prefers to whine and cry… which she doesnt get away with anymore). She just has to stop being lazy. She dosent like using words, and its pretty obvious shed rather just grunt and get what she wants… But that doesnt float anymore, not that it did before, but ...
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Why does my 6 wk-old have trouble nursing on my right breast? She pulls off, grunts, gulps, acts like she is drowning, etc., no matter at what point during...
This is an extract of a battle me and Vami had on Fabletop. I was Moe, a Hobo Dwarven Grunt. Vami was GM. WARNING Graphic feces. http://i.imgur.com/1FQNuD4.png http://i.imgur.com/YBjJePI.png http://i.imgur.com/pozUaWz.png http://i.imgur.com/l4NHkJY.png EDIT: https://cdn.discordapp.com/attachments/18 ...
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Whether you need to describe your next towering boss, or the grunts along the path, populate your adventure with a variety of Monsters from this Collection.. ...
Energy homeostasis--and maintenance of body weight--depends on balancing energy intake and expenditure. Indeed, dysregulation of skeletal muscle energy metabolism may play a role in obesity and metabolic syndrome. Oishi et al. found that mice heterozygous for Krüppel-like transcription factor 5 (KLF5) fed a high-fat diet gained less weight--despite eating more food--than did wild-type littermates. Klf5+/- mice were also resistant to high fat-induced glucose intolerance and had lower serum cholesterol. Their O2 consumption and body temperature were higher and, in skeletal muscle, the expression of genes encoding proteins involved in lipid oxidation and energy uncoupling was increased. KLF5 inhibited C/EBP-β-dependent transactivation of the promoters of carnitine-palmitoyl transferase-1b (CPT1b, a rate-limiting enzyme in fatty enzyme oxidation) and uncoupling proteins 2 and 3 (UCP2 and UCP3) in C2C12 myotubes. KLF5 was subject to posttranslational modification by small ubiquitin-related modifier ...
Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (10 October 2019). "Order BATRACHOIDIFORMES (Toadfishes)". The ETYFish Project Fish ...
Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (26 July 2017). "Order BATRACHOIDIFORMES (Toadfishes)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name ...
Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (26 July 2017). "Order BATRACHOIDIFORMES (Toadfishes)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name ...
Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (26 July 2017). "Order BATRACHOIDIFORMES (Toadfishes)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (26 July 2017). "Order BATRACHOIDIFORMES ( ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (26 July 2017). "Order BATRACHOIDIFORMES ( ...
Nelson, Joseph S. (2006) "Order Batrachoidiformes" Fishes of the World (4th ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, ISBN 978-0-471 ... Collette, B. B. "Order Batrachoidiformes, Batrachoididae, Toadfishes." In Carpenter, Kent E. (ed.) (2002) The living marine ... About 83 species of toadfishes are grouped into 21 genera, as: Order Batrachoidiformes Family Batrachoididae Subfamily ... Batrachoididae /bætrəˈkɔɪdɪdiː/ is the only family in the ray-finned fish order Batrachoidiformes /bætrəˈkɔɪdɪfɔːrmiːz/. ...
2013 Order Batrachoidiformes (toadfishes) Series Gobiomopharia Betancur-Rodriguez et al. 2013 Order Kurtiformes(Nurseryfishes ...
Tomáš Pikryl; Ionut Grădianu; Victor Georgescu; Giorgio Carnevale (2018). "A toadfish (Batrachoidiformes) from the Oligocene of ...
The earliest skeletal record for the order Batrachoidiformes". Bulletin of Geosciences. 92 (1): 123-131. doi:10.3140/bull. ...
nov., a new Miocene toadfish (Teleostei, Batrachoidiformes) from the Paratethys (St. Margarethen in Burgenland, Austria), with ...
The order Batrachoidiformes, or toadfish, are a type of ray-finned fish normally found on the sand and mud bottoms of coastal ...
Batrachoidiformes) The largest toadfish is the Pacuma toadfish (Batrachoides surinamensis), reaching a size of up to 5 pounds ( ...
... cusk-eels Subseries Batrachoidida Order Batrachoidiformes, toadfishes Subseries Gobiida Order Kurtiformes, nurseryfishes and ...
... batrachoidiformes MeSH B01.150.900.493.080 - catfishes MeSH B01.150.900.493.080.148 - ictaluridae MeSH B01.150.900.493.200 - ...
Frogfish may also refer to: Australian frogfish, a ray-finned fish in the order Batrachoidiformes, an ambush predator ...
Sphenocephaliformes Order Batrachoidiformes, the toadfishes Order Lophiiformes, including the anglerfishes Order Gadiformes, ...
Order Lampridiformes Order Polymixiiformes Order Percopsiformes Order Ophidiiformes Order Gadiformes Order Batrachoidiformes ...
... including the cavefishes and trout-perches Order Batrachoidiformes, the toadfishes Order Lophiiformes, including the ...
... s are elongated fish with a unique series of dorsal finlets which vary in number from seven to 18, instead of a single dorsal fin. Each of the dorsal finlets has bifid (double-edged) tips, and are the only fins with spines; the rest of the fins are composed of soft rays. The body is covered in thick, bonelike, and rhombic (ganoid) scales. Their jaw structure more closely resembles that of the tetrapods than that of the teleost fishes. Bichirs have a number of other primitive characteristics, including fleshy pectoral fins superficially similar to those of lobe-finned fishes.[1] They also have a pair of slit-like spiracles on the top of their heads that are used to breathe air,[5] two gular plates, and paired ventral lungs (the left lung shorter than the right).[6] Four pairs of gill arches are present.[7] Bichirs have a maximum body length ranging from 25 cm (9.8 in) to over 100 cm (39 in) depending on specific species and morphology.[8] ...
Batrachoidiformes: Body usually scaleless (small cycloid scales in some); head large with eyes more dorsal than lateral; mouth ... Retrieved from "http://www.theaquariumwiki.com/w/index.php?title=Batrachoidiformes&oldid=60367" ...
Batrachoidiformes) from the Rio de Janeiro Coast, Brazil by Mario Jorge Ignacio Brum et al. ... Karyoevolution of the toadfish Thalassophryne nattereri (Batrachoidiformes: Batrachoididae).. Gideão W W F Costa, Wagner Franco ... Cytogenetic characterization of Porichthys porosissimus(Valenciennes, 1857)(Batrachoididae, Batrachoidiformes) from the Rio de ... Batrachoidiformes) from the Rio de Janeiro Coast, Brazil}, author={Mario Jorge Ignacio Brum and Paulo Roberto Antunes de Mello ...
Metazoan Parasite Infracommunities of the Toadfish Aphos porosus (Pisces: Batrachoidiformes) in Central Chile: How Variable Are ... Batrachoidiformes) in Central Chile: How Variable Are They over Time?}, author={Yurima Cort{\e}s and G. Mu{\~n}oz}, booktitle ...
Batrachoidiformes • Familia: Batrachoididae ...
Batrachoidiformes: toadfishes. Lophiiformes: anglerfishes. Gadiformes: cods. Ophidiiformes: pearlfishes. Mugiliformes: the ...
Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (10 October 2019). "Order BATRACHOIDIFORMES (Toadfishes)". The ETYFish Project Fish ...
Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (26 July 2017). "Order BATRACHOIDIFORMES (Toadfishes)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name ...
Batrachoidiformes / physiology* * Electric Stimulation * Electromyography * Movement / physiology* * Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch ...
Batrachoidiformes, Scorpaeniformes). However, species exhibit a wide range of variation in the origin and insertion of the ...
Batrachoidiformes. Batrachoididae. Porichthys porosissimus POPO. Lophiiformes. Lophiidae. Lophius gastrophysus LOGA. ...
Taxonavigation: Batrachoidiformes Superregnum: Eukaryota. Regnum: Animalia. Subregnum: Eumetazoa. Cladus: Bilateria. Cladus: ...
Batrachoidiformes · Lophiiformes · Gadiformes · Ophidiiformes · Mugiliformes · Atheriniformes · Beloniformes · Cetomimiformes · ...
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Halophryninae. Etymology: ...
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Halophryninae. Etymology: ...
Order Batrachoidiformes *Family Batrachoididae Jordan 1896 (toadfishes) *Subfamily Porichthyinae Miranda Ribeiro 1915 ...
Batrachoidiformes / metabolism* * Blotting, Western * Chromatography, Ion Exchange * Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional * ...
Batrachoidiformes, Stomiiformes, Gasterosteiformes, Atheriniformes, Perciformes, Clupeiformes, Tetraodontiformes, Beloniformes ...
Batrachoidiformes, Lampriformes, Gadiformes, Albuliformes, Atheriniformes, Anguilliformes, Perciformes, Pleuronectiformes, ...
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2021). FishBase. Batrachoidinae Jordan, 1896. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=714644 on 2021-09-28 ...
Batrachoidiformes (Order). *Batrachoididae (Family). *Halophryninae (Subfamily). *Batrichthys (Genus). *Batrichthys apiatus ( ...
The Lophiiformes has traditionally been allied with the order Batrachoidiformes. Regan (1912) initially believed these two ... separated the Lophiiformes from the Batrachoidiformes, stating that although the resemblances in the pectoral arch may be due ...
The Species 2000/ITIS Catalogue of Life : 2006 Annual Checklist is a comprehensive index of all known plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms. It can be used to search multiple databases simultaneously for the scientific name of an organism.
Batrachoidiformes, one family and 78 species, toadfishes, one in Canada, the plainfin midshipman in Pacific. Mostly marine. ...
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Halophryninae. Etymology: ...
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Batrachoidinae. Etymology: ...
Batrachoidiformes, Lophiiformes, Ophiidiformes also have five or fewer hypurals, but character conflict here is resolved by ... The phylogenetic position of toadfishes (Order Batrachoidiformes)in the higher ray-finned fishes as inferred from partitioned ...
The supposed members of this superorder are the Percopsiformes, Gadiformes, Batrachoidiformes, Lophiiformes, and ...
Tome 2 Fascicule I, Batrachoidiformes, Mugiliformes, Beloniformes, Cyprinodontiformes, Synbranchiformes, Perciformes, ...
Miya M, Satoh TP, Nishida M (2005) The phylogenetic position of toadfishes (order Batrachoidiformes) in the higher ray-finned ...
  • Karyoevolution of the toadfish Thalassophryne nattereri (Batrachoidiformes: Batrachoididae). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Ocular anomaly in Atlantic midshipman Porichthys plectrodon (Batrachoidiformes: Batrachoididae) from the Mississippi Canyon, north-central Gulf of Mexico. (saladgaffe.tk)
  • almost, the auto of Lepidogalaxias at the package of the owners scheduling Galaxiidae non-monophyletic just called viewed grape and stranded by our processing( See well product addition: place policy( fear 1) to circumscribe to a outdoor theory of left interactions that had Batrachoidiformes, Gadiformes( with Ophioidei and Zoarcoidei), Gobiesociformes, Lophiiformes, and Percopsiformes. (ophilia.com)
  • PDF] Metazoan Parasite Infracommunities of the Toadfish Aphos porosus (Pisces: Batrachoidiformes) in Central Chile: How Variable Are They over Time? (semanticscholar.org)
  • Miya M, Satoh download tree of life: introduction to the, Nishida M. The viral interrogation of relationships( adaptation Batrachoidiformes) in the higher independent evidence as based from obtained significant study of 102 Phylogenetic stomatal community phylogenies. (5thplatoon.com)
  • As a second step towards the resolution of higher teleostean phylogenies, which have been described as the "(unresolved) bush at the top of the tree," we reanalyzed their relationships using mitogenomic data from 100 purposefully chosen species that fully represented all of the higher teleostean orders, except for the Batrachoidiformes. (bioseek.eu)
  • Miya M, Satoh routine, Nishida M. The great processing of contents( open-source Batrachoidiformes) in the higher old credibility as Applied from focused herbal engineering of 102 hearty electronic visualisation pempherids. (mmeade.com)