Bathing Beaches: Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.FloridaSeawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Great Lakes Region: The geographic area of the Great Lakes in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. It usually includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Silicon Dioxide: Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Enterococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria consisting of organisms causing variable hemolysis that are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Previously thought to be a member of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS, it is now recognized as a separate genus.Recreation: Activity engaged in for pleasure.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Gulf of Mexico: A body of water located at the southeastern corner of North America. It is bordered by the states to the north of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas; by five Mexican states to the west: Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan; and by Cuba to the southeast.Estuaries: A partially enclosed body of water, and its surrounding coastal habitats, where saltwater from the ocean mixes with fresh water from rivers or streams. The resulting mixture of seawater and fresh water is called brackish water and its salinity can range from 0.5 to 35 ppt. (accessed http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/estuaries/estuaries01_whatis.html)Suntan: An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.Petroleum Pollution: Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.TurtlesSoil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Laurus: A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. Laurus nobilis L. leaves are known for use in SPICES, having a similar flavor as UMBELLULARIA.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Anecdotes as Topic: Brief accounts or narratives of an incident or event.AnecdotesHolidays: Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.BooksFamous PersonsBaths: The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.Bermuda: A British colony in the western North Atlantic Ocean about 640 miles east southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. It comprises a group of about 300 islands of which only about 20 are inhabited. It is called also the Bermuda Islands or the Bermudas. It was named for the Spanish explorer Juan Bermudez who visited the islands in 1515. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p140 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p61)Interior Design and Furnishings: The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.Floors and Floorcoverings: The surface of a structure upon which one stands or walks.Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Governing Board: The group in which legal authority is vested for the control of health-related institutions and organizations.United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.OhioEscherichia coli Proteins: Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Skiing: A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.Durable Medical Equipment: Devices which are very resistant to wear and may be used over a long period of time. They include items such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, artificial limbs, etc.Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Salmonella enterica: A subgenus of Salmonella containing several medically important serotypes. The habitat for the majority of strains is warm-blooded animals.Equilibrative-Nucleoside Transporter 2: A subtype of equilibrative nucleoside transporter proteins that is insensitive to inhibition by 4-nitrobenzylthioinosine.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Eagles: Large members of the FALCONIFORMES order of birds, family Accipitridae, most especially the genera Aquila, Haliaeetus, Harpia, and Circaetus. They are characterized by their powerful talons, which carry long, curved, pointed claws and by their opposable hindtoe.Colonialism: The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Prussia: Former state in north central Germany. Formally abolished March 1, 1947. Kingdom established 1701.

Swimming-associated outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7. (1/87)

In 1997 the first outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections involving 14 cases occurred in Finland. A case was defined as a resident of Alavus with an episode of diarrhoea between 5 and 17 July 1997, and from whom E. coli O157:H7 was isolated from stool. The investigation included case searching and a population-based case control study. Five primary and eight symptomatic secondary cases of E. coli O157:H7 illness were detected. In the 10 days before the outbreak, all 5 primary patients (aged 3-8 years), but only 6 of 32 population controls from the same age range (Fisher's test, P < 0.001) and 4 of 10 sibling controls (P < 0.05) had visited (but had not necessarily bathed in) a shallow beach popular among young children. Four out of 5 primary cases had remained within 5 m of the beach while swimming and had swallowed lake water compared to 1 of 5 population controls. These analytical epidemiologic findings incriminated fresh lake water as the vehicle of E. coli O157:H7 transmission.  (+info)

Presence of Campylobacter and Salmonella in sand from bathing beaches. (2/87)

The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. in sand from non-EEC standard and EEC standard designated beaches in different locations in the UK and to assess if potentially pathogenic strains were present. Campylobacter spp. were detected in 82/182 (45%) of sand samples and Salmonella spp. in 10/182 (6%). Campylobacter spp. were isolated from 46/92 (50%) of samples from non-EEC standard beaches and 36/90 (40%) from EEC standard beaches. The prevalence of Campylobacter spp. was greater in wet sand from both types of beaches but, surprisingly, more than 30% of samples from dry sand also contained these organisms. The major pathogenic species C. jejuni and C. coli were more prevalent in sand from non-EEC standard beaches. In contrast, C. lari and urease positive thermophilic campylobacters, which are associated with seagulls and other migratory birds, were more prevalent in sand from EEC standard beaches. Campylobacter isolates were further characterized by biotyping and serotyping, which confirmed that strains known to be of types associated with human infections were frequently found in sand on bathing beaches.  (+info)

An appraisal of sewage pollution along a section of the Natal coast after the introduction of submarine outfalls. (3/87)

A bacteriological survey on the distribution and occurrence of coliforms and pathogenic indicators of pollution within the surf-zone and near-shore waters along a section of the Natal coast before the use of submarine outfalls with reported previously. In that report more than half the beaches in the region were found to be of Class IV or III quality. After the submarine outfalls became operational, ten further sampling runs were made. A considerable improvement in the sea-water quality was apparent, most of the beaches being regarded to Class II or I, notably in the bathing areas.  (+info)

Outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with an interactive water fountain at a beachside park--Florida, 1999. (4/87)

Since 1989, approximately 170 outbreaks associated with recreational water venues (e.g., swimming pools, waterparks, fountains, hot tubs and spas, lakes, rivers, and oceans) have been reported, with almost half resulting in gastrointestinal illness (1-5). This report summarizes the investigation of an outbreak of gastroenteritis in Florida during 1999. The findings indicated that Shigella sonnei and Cryptosporidium parvum infections caused illness in persons exposed to an "interactive" water fountain at a beachside park.  (+info)

Simple anamnestic questions and recalled water-contact patterns for self-diagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni infection among schoolchildren in western Cote d'Ivoire. (5/87)

A study to determine the diagnostic performance of simple anamnestic questions and recalled water-contact patterns for self-diagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni infection was carried out in western C te d'Ivoire. A total of 322 schoolchildren were screened over four consecutive days with the Kato-Katz technique to assess S. mansoni and concurrent geohelminth infections. Children were individually interviewed by teachers using a standardized questionnaire asking about symptoms, reported diseases, and water-contact patterns. The cumulative infection prevalence of S. mansoni was 76.4%. Univariate statistics revealed a significant association between the level of S. mansoni infection and three recalled water contact patterns: (1) fishing with nets, (2) swimming/bathing and (3) crossing rivers, but no significant association with reported symptoms and/or reported diseases. Multivariate analysis revealed significant adjusted odds ratios (OR) for crossing the river Tcheorbour (OR = 3.90, P = 0.007), crossing the river Sonbour (OR = 3.90, P = 0.008) and swimming/bathing in the latter (OR = 3.28, P = 0.017). The diagnostic performance of these water-contact patterns was characterized by high specificities but low sensitivities, hence negative predictive values. In the village studied here, recalled water-contact patterns were more useful variables than anamnestic questions for schoolchildren's self-diagnosis of S. mansoni infection, but no generalization of these findings beyond this population is possible at this time.  (+info)

Occurrence of Campylobacter spp. in water in Northern Ireland: implications for public health. (6/87)

The occurrence of Campylobacter spp was examined in a variety of waters in Northern Ireland. Conventional cultural techniques were employed with 768 water specimens, including drinking waters (tap, spring, bore hole and bottled) and recreational waters (swimming pool, lough, river and sea). Positive waters included 1/11 (9.1%) drinking water from untreated well water, as well as 5/12 (41.7%) untreated surface waters from loughs and 7/8 (87.5%) untreated river waters. Overall, untreated surface waters may represent a source of contamination with Campylobacter spp. in Northern Ireland, where they have a recreational involvement or are used as a drinking source by man or agricultural livestock. Therefore waterborne campylobacteriosis should be considered in patients presenting with acute enteritis and a history of participation in water sports/activities. As faecal coliform organisms have been previously shown to be poor markers of water quality, especially for Campylobacter spp, new criteria should be established to assess the risk of this infection and to evaluate and monitor the quality of water used for recreational purposes.  (+info)

Booze and beach bans: turning the tide through community action in New Zealand. (7/87)

Many beach and holiday resorts experience major problems with alcohol-related public disorder. Following an escalation in alcohol-related incidents in the New Zealand beach community of Piha, a community-driven response to address issues of community well-being and safety was initiated by concerned residents. A case study evaluation reported on the development of a community coalition involving community and statutory stakeholders and the successful implementation of local community action strategies. These included a beach alcohol ban, extensive local publicity and a community policing presence over successive summers. An examination of the case study suggests that inter-sectoral collaboration, and multiple level strategies through policy, promotion and enforcement activities are key factors in enabling communities to successfully reduce alcohol-related harm.  (+info)

Sun protection of children at the beach. (8/87)

BACKGROUND: We wanted to determine the frequency with which sun protection measures are used by children at the beach. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken that combined a brief, structured interview with direct observation of the sun protection methods (sunscreen, clothing, hats, shade) used for children at a public beach in Florida. RESULTS: Of the 139 children observed, 97 (69.8%) had some form of sun protection used on all three body regions (head, torso, legs), while only 8 (5.8%) had none of the three body regions protected. Sunscreen was the most common method of sun protection (84.9%), and other methods were less frequently used (shirt 11.5%, pants 26.6%, hat 8.6%, shade 14.4%). Sun protection use differed by sex, with girls having better protection of their head and torso, and boys slightly better protection of their legs. CONCLUSIONS: Using direct observation, we found that parents frequently use sun protection measures (mainly sunscreen) for their children while at the beach. Parents primarily rely on the use of sunscreen, rather than such measures as avoiding the sun, using shade, or protective clothing.  (+info)

  • Beach face: sloping section below berm that is exposed to the swash of the waves. (wikipedia.org)
  • The part mostly above water (depending upon tide), and more or less actively influenced by the waves at some point in the tide, is termed the beach berm. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sand deposit may extend well inland from the berm crest , where there may be evidence of one or more older crests (the storm beach ) resulting from very large storm waves and beyond the influence of the normal waves. (wikipedia.org)
  • At some point the influence of the waves (even storm waves) on the material comprising the beach stops, and if the particles are small enough (sand size or smaller), winds shape the feature. (wikipedia.org)
  • Higher energy waves breaking in quick succession tend to mobilise sediment from the shallows, keeping it in suspension where it is prone to be carried along the beach by longshore currents, or carried out to sea to form longshore bars, especially if the longshore current meets an outflow from a river or flooding stream. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beaches typically occur in areas along the coast where wave or current action deposits and reworks sediments. (wikipedia.org)
  • In temperate areas where summer is characterised by calmer seas and longer periods between breaking wave crests, the beach profile is higher in summer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely, the beach profile is lower in the storm season (winter in temperate areas) due to the increased wave energy, and the shorter periods between breaking wave crests. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gentle wave action during this season tends to transport sediment up the beach towards the berm where it is deposited and remains while the water recedes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other factors adding to the excellence of Fuengirola´s coast are the collection of garbage on the beaches, fortnightly analytics to check the good water status, maintenance of beaches during the 12 months of the year and special services in the summer such as lifeguards. (malagacar.co.uk)
  • TALLINN - Samples taken from the sea water on the beach of Old Parnu on Thursday of last week and on Monday showed that the fecal pollution detected in the water on July 13 had disappeared. (baltictimes.com)
  • Based upon the concentration of indicators and exceedance rates, as well as the correlation between indicators, both EC and FC should be evaluated at the same time as fecal pollution bacterial indicators in marine bathing beaches in China. (iwaponline.com)
  • Perched on Kagoshima Bay, Ibusuki Beach sprawls across the southern end of the Satsuma Peninsula, an area renowned for its volcanic activity. (cnn.com)
  • Far from being macabre, Ibusuki beach is a rare natural spa with warm sands heated by the nearby volcano. (cnn.com)
  • Freshwater showers await to wash the sand from your body, after which you're free to sink into the relaxing hot spring pools -- the final part of the Ibusuki beach experience. (cnn.com)
  • Unlike the councils at the South Coast who were developing already popular and long established beaches, the development at Kings Beach was the first major effort by the local council to establish Caloundra as a sea-side resort. (wikipedia.org)
  • The larger, more renowned sand bathing resorts are arrayed along the shore north of the port area including Ibusuki Hakusuikan , Ibusuki Seaside and Kyukamura Ibusuki National Park Resort . (cnn.com)
  • First class Waipouli Beach Resort. (perfectplaces.com)
  • This resort has all the modern-day amenities that you would expect in a Five-Star resort, including a lazy river-style saline pool with two water slides, three sandy bottom Jacuzzi spas, and children's sandy beach pool. (perfectplaces.com)
  • As a guest at Waipouli Beach Resort A-303 & RE/MAX Kauai, you'll have access to Kauai's Premier Concierge Service at we will help you build your perfect vacation. (perfectplaces.com)
  • The unit A-303at Waipoli Beach Resort exceeded our expectations. (perfectplaces.com)
  • The Crescent Resort was just what we were looking for, it was a great value and steps from the beach. (orbitz.com)
  • Located on the world famous Ka'anapali Beach in the heart of the Ka'anapali resort area, the Whaler is steps away from a fantastic shopping village, minutes from the historic whaling town of Lahaina, and in the middle of ocean activities including sailing, snorkeling, scuba diving and even cruises. (westjet.com)
  • Discover Boardwalk Beach Resort on the white sandy beaches of Panama City Beach. (pcbeach.org)
  • Set 40 km from Knokke-Heist and 14 km from Domburg, roompot beach resort ostrea 12 offers accommodation in Kamperland. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Other facilities at roompot beach resort ostrea 12 include a sauna and barbecue. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Blankenberge is 49 km from roompot beach resort ostrea 12, while Middelburg is 14 km away and Zierikzee 20 km away. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • The nearest airport is Rotterdam The Hague Airport, 66 km from roompot beach resort ostrea 12. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Please inform roompot beach resort ostrea 12 in advance of your expected arrival time. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Catch some rays at the beach or spend the day relaxing at SUNRISE Arabian Beach Resort - Grand Select's full-service spa. (expedia.com)
  • SUNRISE Arabian Beach Resort - Grand Select offers 420 air-conditioned accommodations with minibars (stocked with some free items) and safes. (expedia.com)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Bathing beaches. (who.int)
  • Search our membership directory below with nearly 1100 proud Beach Chamber members in Bay County and around the state. (pcbeach.org)
  • While Seaside Award beaches can be vastly different, the flag is a symbol of quality which ensures visitors are guaranteed to find a clean, safe, attractive and well-managed coastal stretch. (beachlive.co.uk)
  • This one storey masonry building was constructed in 1937 by the Landsborough Shire Council to provide public bathing and kiosk facilities for those using Kings Beach. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 1937 a large development scheme was undertaken which involved the expenditure of £12,290, for dressing sheds and kiosk, extensive car-parking facilities and landscaping of the Kings Beach area. (wikipedia.org)
  • All About That Beach is close to all of the best shopping and restaurants at the Silver Sands Factory Stores and is only a few minutes away to the Village of Baytowne Wharf at Sandestin® and all the live music and nightlife it has to offer. (homeaway.com)
  • The large open lanai over looks the pool area and direct gulf views of the fine white sands of Fort Myers Beach. (perfectplaces.com)
  • Resorts close by: The sea bathing development is located just 10 minute walk (by the sea) from the Turner Gallery and 8 minutes from the vast array of family amusements and arcades of Margate and shops. (homeaway.co.uk)
  • Comfort meets convenience at Beachcomber by the Sea, one of BY THE SEA RESORTS' three gulf-front Panama City Beach hotels. (pcbeach.org)
  • In the beachside city of Ibusuki, located on Kyushu Island in Japan's subtropical south, travelers enjoy 'sand baths. (cnn.com)
  • Both hotel guests and day visitors are welcome at the sand baths. (cnn.com)
  • The scheme also involved the beautification of other less popular beaches in the area, including Golden Beach, Dicky Beach, Bulcock Beach and Shelley Beach, but the combined sum of this expenditure was £610. (wikipedia.org)
  • MYRTLE BEACH, S.C. -- Several large sharks were spotted Tuesday in shallow water near Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. (whnt.com)
  • The video was taken by Cody Kinzer at the Garden City Pier, which is about five miles south of Myrtle Beach. (whnt.com)
  • We make having your perfect wedding on the World's Most Beautiful Beaches an affordable reality. (pcbeach.org)
  • None of the provisions of this chapter shall apply to therapeutic whirlpools, sensory deprivation tanks, single-family residential bathing places, bathing beaches, hot tubs or spas, or therapeutic swimming pools unless specifically stated otherwise. (ecode360.com)
  • There is a half-mile walk from the car park to this magnificent National Trust-managed beach, but it's worth it for the crystal-clear water and dramatic sandstone cliffs, the views of outlying islands, and for the fossils, rock pools, seals, surf and space. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Beaches with an 'excellent' water quality compliance result may be eligible for the Blue Flag award, which also looks at beach management and facilities such as litter collection, toilets, car parking, disability access and life-saving equipment. (nidirect.gov.uk)
  • The main bathing water quality standards are explained here. (beachlive.co.uk)
  • The way bathing water quality is monitored has changed and more stringent new standards were introduced in 2015. (beachlive.co.uk)
  • Blue Flags are awarded by the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE) based on 32 criteria of which one is UK bathing water quality guideline (excellent) standards. (beachlive.co.uk)
  • Water quality at popular coastal beaches is regularly monitored over the summer swimming season from November to March. (trc.govt.nz)
  • Best Western Abbey Hotel is one of the best Bath England hotels for a tight pocket and with city center location, perfect for exploring. (destination360.com)
  • Situated across from the beach, the Crescent proves an unbeatable location on the "quieter" end of Ocean Drive. (orbitz.com)
  • Enjoy the fabulous downtown location on cottage row from this exquisite 4 bedroom 2 bath cottage within walking or biking distance to all of the great restaurants, live music and entertainment, shopping and of course the beach a block and a half away. (vacationrentals.com)
  • Beachfront location, step out your front door and onto the Beach! (beachhouse.com)
  • The sunsets off your lanai and balcony are spectacular or you can go to one of many beach side bars and restaurants to watch the sunset while drinking your favorite beverage and chill out-life doesn't get much better! (perfectplaces.com)
  • Colwell Bay is one of many picturesque beaches in West Wight, offering spectacular views back across the Solent to mainland England. (visitsoutheastengland.com)
  • The beach is down a short road from the main Yarmouth to Totland road, there is a good sized car park with toilets and access for the disabled is good.There would is a lovely walk from here along the sea wall to Totland Beach with stunning views across the Solent. (visitsoutheastengland.com)