Bass: Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Percussion: Act of striking a part with short, sharp blows as an aid in diagnosing the condition beneath the sound obtained.Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.Octopodiformes: A superorder in the class CEPHALOPODA, consisting of the orders Octopoda (octopus) with over 200 species and Vampyromorpha with a single species. The latter is a phylogenetic relic but holds the key to the origins of Octopoda.Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Sound: A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Dieldrin: An organochlorine insecticide whose use has been cancelled or suspended in the United States. It has been used to control locusts, tropical disease vectors, in termite control by direct soil injection, and non-food seed and plant treatment. (From HSDB)Ranavirus: A genus of IRIDOVIRIDAE which infects fish, amphibians and reptiles. It is non-pathogenic for its natural host, Rana pipiens, but is lethal for other frogs, toads, turtles and salamanders. Frog virus 3 is the type species.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.

A comparison of the reproductive physiology of largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, collected from the Escambia and Blackwater Rivers in Florida. (1/349)

Largemouth bass (LMB), Micropterus salmoides, were taken from the Escambia River (contaminated site) and the Blackwater River (reference site) near Pensacola, Florida. The Escambia River collection occurred downstream of the effluent from two identified point sources of pollution. These point sources included a coal-fired electric power plant and a chemical company. Conversely, the Blackwater River's headwaters and most of its length flow within a state park. Although there is some development on the lower part of the Blackwater River, fish were collected in the more pristine upper regions. Fish were captured by electroshocking and were maintained in aerated coolers. Physical measurements were obtained, blood was taken, and liver and gonads were removed. LMB plasma was assayed for the concentration of 17ss-estradiol (E2) and testosterone using validated radioimmunoassays. The presence of vitellogenin was determined by gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blotting using a monoclonal antibody validated for largemouth bass vitellogenin. No differences in plasma concentrations of E2 or testosterone were observed in females from the two sites. Similarly, males exhibited no difference in plasma E2. However, plasma testosterone was lower in the males from the contaminated site, as compared to the reference site. Vitellogenic males occurred only at the contaminated site. Additionally, liver mass was proportionately higher in males from the contaminated site, as compared to males from the reference site. These data suggest that reproductive steroid levels may have been altered by increased hepatic enzyme activity, and the presence of vitellogenic males indicates that an exogenous source of estrogen was present in the Escambia River.  (+info)

A monoclonal antibody against chorion proteins of the sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758): studies of chorion precursors and applicability in immunoassays. (2/349)

The monoclonal antibody DLE7 was obtained against 44- to 50-kDa polypeptides solubilized from the vitelline envelope of the Mediterranean sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax. In Western blot analysis of chorion lysates it recognized cross-reactive bands at 44 kDa, 48 kDa, and 110 kDa. Previous affinity blotting with concanavalin-A showed that most of solubilized bands were glycosylated. Enzymatic deglycosylation of chorion proteins followed by Western blot analysis with DLE7 showed that the 48-kDa and 110-kDa antigens were differentially affected by endoglycosidase-F treatment. When DLE7 was employed in immunofluorescence analysis, isolated chorions and ovarian cryosections stained intensely. Positivity was also observed in liver cryosections of spawning females but not in liver of males and nonspawning females. To study the origin and delivery of chorion proteins, DLE7 was used in Western blot analysis of liver homogenates and blood serum of spawning females. Cross-reacting bands were detected in liver (90 kDa) and serum (180 kDa, 50 kDa). DLE7 was also used for the first time to set up an indirect ELISA assay to detect egg antigens in the blood of egg-producing females, raising the possibility of using DLE7 as a female-specific marker of spawning for sea bass.  (+info)

Regulation of Cl- secretion in seawater fish (Dicentrarchus labrax) gill respiratory cells in primary culture. (3/349)

1. Primary cultures of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) gill cells grown on permeable membranes form a highly differentiated tight epithelium composed of respiratory-like cells. This preparation was also found to provide a functional model for investigating the hormonal regulation of Cl- secretion. 2. In control conditions, i.e. in the absence of hormones or other stimuli, the cultured epithelium showed a short-circuit current (Isc) of 8.8 +/- 0.4 microA cm-2, a transepithelial potential (Vt) of 28.6 +/- 0.6 mV (serosal side positive), and a transepithelial resistance (Rt) of 5026 +/- 127 Omega cm2. Addition of 50 nM PGE2 caused a stimulation of Isc, Vt and transepithelial conductance, Gt. The increase in Isc was probably due to the elevation in Cl- secretion, since it could be correlated with the stimulation of serosal to mucosal 36Cl- flux. Application of the neurohypophyseal peptide arginine vasotocin (AVT; 50 nM) or the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol (isoprenaline; 0. 5 microM) evoked a stimulation in Cl- secretion, as was shown by the increases in Isc and Gt. The excitatory effect of isoproterenol followed by the inhibitory action of propranolol, a beta-adrenergic antagonist, suggested the presence of beta-adrenergic receptors. Noradrenaline (0.1 microM) elicited a reduction in Isc, Vt and Gt, which was counterbalanced by the addition of phentolamine, an alpha-adrenergic antagonist. This suggested an activation of alpha-adrenergic receptors. 3. This study provides evidence for hormonal control of the Cl- secretion in sea bass gill respiratory cells in culture, involving AVT, prostaglandin (PGE2), and beta- and alpha-adrenergic receptors.  (+info)

Citrate ions enhance taste responses to amino acids in the largemouth bass. (4/349)

The glossopharyngeal (IX) taste system of the largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, is highly selective to amino acids and is poorly responsive to trisodium citrate; however, IX taste responses to specific concentrations of L- and D-arginine and L-lysine but not L-proline were enhanced by citrate but not sodium ions. Binary mixtures of L-arginine (3 x 10(-4)M and 10(-3)M) or D-arginine (10(-3)M) + trisodium citrate (10(-3)M; pH 7-9) resulted in enhanced taste activity, whereas binary mixtures of higher concentrations (10(-2)M and 10(-1)M) of L- or D-arginine + 10(-3)M trisodium citrate were not significantly different from the response to the amino acid alone. Under continuous adaptation to 10(-3)M citrate, taste responses to L-arginine were also enhanced at the identical concentrations previously indicated, but responses to 10(-2)M and 10(-1)M L-arginine were significantly suppressed. Under continuous adaptation to 10(-2)M L-arginine, taste responses to 10(-2)M, 10(-1)M, and 10(0) M citrate were significantly enhanced. Cellular concentrations of both citrate and amino acids in prey of the carnivorous largemouth bass are sufficient for this taste-enhancing effect to occur naturally during consummatory feeding behavior. Citrate acting as a calcium chelator is presented as a possible mechanism of action for the enhancement effect.  (+info)

Comparative study of viral encephalopathy and retinopathy in juvenile sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax infected in different ways. (5/349)

The transmission of viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER) was investigated in juvenile sea bass (3 g) Dicentrarchus labrax by using cell culture supernatant (SSN-1 cell line) containing nodavirus. Five methods of infection were tested: intramuscular injection (IM), intraperitoneal injection (IP), oral infection, bath exposure and cohabitation of healthy fish with infected fish. Some differences were observed in time of disease onset and severity of symptoms depending on the mode of infection used. Clinical symptoms such as whirling swimming and lethargic or hyperactive behaviour were generally reproduced, except for fish infected via oral and IP infection. First mortalities occurred 3 d after IM and IP infection and 6 d after for the other modes of infection. Cumulative mortalities were also variable: 100% after IM infection, 10% after IP infection, 32% for bath exposure, 43% after cohabitation and 24% via oral infection. Histopathologically, vacuolation was observed in the central nervous tissues and in the retina. The observed lesions were more or less severe depending on the mode of infection, the sampling time and the organs: lesions on the surviving fish (42 days post infection, d p.i.) seemed to be generally more conspicuous in the retina than in the brain of the same fish. In most cases, the presence of nodavirus was confirmed in the same samples of brain and retina by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The virus was not detected in other organs examined. The present results suggest that 2 forms of VER can be induced: IM injection leads to an acute form (severe nervous disorders with high and fast mortality) whereas oral infection, bath exposure and cohabitation induce a subacute form (less severe disorders and weak daily mortality). This experiment demonstrates experimentally induced horizontal transmission of VER in sea bass for the first time.  (+info)

Anti-immunoglobulin antisera used in an ELISA to detect antibodies in barramundi Lates calcarifer to Cryptocaryon irritans. (6/349)

Immunoglobulins (Ig) in serum from barramundi vaccinated with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation and affinity chromatography using BSA as the ligand. The BSA-binding activity of eluted putative Ig fractions was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) before being pooled and characterised by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Double affinity purification did not improve the purity of the Ig preparation compared to single affinity purification. Barramundi Ig were injected into sheep to produce anti-Ig antisera which were assessed in an indirect ELISA as the secondary antibody to detect serum Ig in barramundi vaccinated with Cryptocaryon irritans theronts. Affinity-purified Ig induced a more specific reagent for use as secondary antibody in ELISA than did normal whole-barramundi sera. The heavy (H) chain of barramundi Ig had an apparent molecular weight of 70 kDa while that of the light (L) chain was 27 kDa in SDS-PAGE studies. Under non-reducing conditions 2 putative populations of Ig were identified, at 768 and 210 kDa. The N-terminal sequence of the barramundi Ig H chain showed 78% homology with channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Ig H chain sequence.  (+info)

Divalent cation selectivity is a function of gating in native and recombinant cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channels from retinal photoreceptors. (7/349)

The selectivity of Ca2+ over Na+ is approximately 3.3-fold larger in cGMP-gated channels of cone photoreceptors than in those of rods when measured under saturating cGMP concentrations, where the probability of channel opening is 85-90%. Under physiological conditions, however, the probability of opening of the cGMP-gated channels ranges from its largest value in darkness of 1-5% to essentially zero under continuous, bright illumination. We investigated the ion selectivity of cGMP-gated channels as a function of cyclic nucleotide concentration in membrane patches detached from the outer segments of rod and cone photoreceptors and have found that ion selectivity is linked to gating. We determined ion selectivity relative to Na+ (PX/PNa) from the value of reversal potentials measured under ion concentration gradients. The selectivity for Ca2+ over Na+ increases continuously as the probability of channel opening rises. The dependence of PCa/PNa on cGMP concentration, in both rods and cones, is well described by the same Hill function that describes the cGMP dependence of current amplitude. At the cytoplasmic cGMP concentrations expected in dark-adapted intact photoreceptors, PCa/PNa in cone channels is approximately 7.4-fold greater than that in rods. The linkage between selectivity and gating is specific for divalent cations. The selectivity of Ca2+ and Sr2+ changes with cGMP concentration, but the selectivity of inorganic monovalent cations, Cs+ and NH4+, and organic cations, methylammonium+ and dimethylammonium+, is invariant with cGMP. Cyclic nucleotide-gated channels in rod photoreceptors are heteromeric assemblies of alpha and beta subunits. The maximal PCa/PNa of channels formed from alpha subunits of bovine rod channels is less than that of heteromeric channels formed from alpha and beta subunits. In addition, Ca2+ is a more effective blocker of channels formed by alpha subunits than of channels formed by alpha and beta subunits. The cGMP-dependent shift in divalent cation selectivity is a property of alphabeta channels and not of channels formed from alpha subunits alone.  (+info)

High dietary lipid levels enhance digestive tract maturation and improve dicentrarchus labrax larval development. (8/349)

This study was designed to determine the nutritional lipid requirement of seabass larvae and to understand the effects of dietary fat concentration on their digestive tract maturation. Seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae were fed, from d 15 to 38 of life, one of five isonitrogenous compound diets with different lipid levels, ranging from 10 to 30 g/100 g. The higher the lipid level, the greater the growth and survival of the larvae (P < 0.05). The lipolytic enzymes assayed, lipase and phospholipase A2, were stimulated by the increase in their respective dietary substrates, triglycerides and phospholipids, in 38-d-old larvae (P < 0.05). Nevertheless, a plateau in the activity of these two lipolytic enzymes was observed from 20% dietary lipids onwards. The similar mRNA levels of phospholipase A2 in the three groups fed the highest lipid levels suggested that the maximal synthesis level of lipolytic enzyme was reached at 20% dietary fat. Pancreatic secretion of trypsin and amylase were positively affected by the dietary lipid level; a possible involvement of a cholecystokinin-releasing factor is discussed. Diets containing >20% lipids led to the increase in activities of brush border membrane enzymes to the detriment of a cytosolic enzyme in enterocytes, leucine-alanine (Leu-Ala) peptidase. This enzymatic change reveals the earlier maturation of enterocytes in larva groups fed high lipid levels.  (+info)

The environmental information an organism receives during early development is integrated through epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation. The gene expression or the ability to respond to environmental factors experienced later in life may be altered by this process. We have focused our studies on two types of environmental factors that confer changes in DNA methylation: temperature and farming conditions. First, we studied temperature effects on DNA methylation of the aromatase promoter, the enzyme that converts androgens into estrogens and is essential for ovarian development, in 1-year old sea bass. We showed that males had higher DNA methylation levels than females and that high temperature led to increased DNA methylation levels in females, leading a portion of them to differentiate into males. Next, we applied eight different temperature treatments on sea bass larvae and used the Methylation Sensitive Amplified Polymorphism (MSAP) technique to detect global changes in DNA ...
The variations in the amounts of milli-calpain and its specific inhibitor in the white muscle of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) during storage at 4 degreesC for up to 7 days were determined after...
To our knowledge, studies on the heritability of cortisol response to stress in fish have been limited to salmonids [27-29] and cyprinids [21], which limits generalizations. In addition, lines with high and low cortisol response to stress have been selected in rainbow trout [29]. However, the heritability of cortisol response to stress appears to be variable even among related species: 0.27-0.50 in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss[27, 29, 30] and 0.60 in carp [21], but only 0.05 in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar[27, 31]. These discrepancies can be partly explained by the differences in species and methodologies used to determine the cortisol response. It should be noted that the time-dependence of cortisol response to stress is a key element and a potential source of error. However, the methodology used in our study seems reliable since no apparent drift in cortisol levels with time was observed after applying the confinement stress (Figure 1). A comparative study on stunning methods used in ...
Purpose: Teleost is a successful vertebrate group, constituting more than 50% of vertebrate species. These fishes are the only vertebrate group that presents spinules from the lateral dendrites of Cone Horizontal Cells into cone pedicles. Previously, we observed that the number of spinules in any given species depended on both taxonomic placing and degree of predatory behavior. Then, species with the most spinules were also the most predatory and vice versa. The aim of this work was to study the density of spinules and synaptic ribbons, per cone pedicle, in central and peripheral retina.. Methods: The study was performed on European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), one specie of teleost fish belonging to perciform order and moronidae family. Light-adapted fishes were sacrificed. Retinas were extracted and whole mounts embedded in EPON for transmission-electron-microscopy study. Thin sections from eight representative retinal areas were observed and photographed in an Electron Microscope. The ...
Experimental data from flesh quality assessment and shelf life monitoring of high pressure processed European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) ...
The US Geological Survey reported August 13 that a virus known to cause illness in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) has also been found in northern snakeheads (Channa argus), an invasive species now found in the Chesapeake Bay. This discovery comes from a USGS and Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries study on introduced pathogens in northern snakeheads in Virginia. The virus has previously been discovered in other fish species, including sunfish, but has only been shown to cause disease in largemouth bass.. The first reported case of Largemouth Bass virus (LMBV) in the United States was from Florida in 1991; since then, it has been found throughout the eastern, southern, and Midwestern states. Scientists are still unsure of how it originated and why it only causes disease in largemouth bass, but not in other species. When it does cause illness, affected fish often have trouble swimming and staying upright and can be seen floating near the surface of the water. LMBV belongs to ...
The hypothesis will be tested in vitro and in vivo. I will need to clone and sequence cDNA fragments to the ER and Vtg genes in largemouth bass (LMB). The in vitro approach encompasses the development, characterization, and validation of a LMB primary hepatocyte model. Once this tool is developed, I plan to characterize dose and time response for Vtg and ER mRNA induced by E2, EE2, and MXC. This will be followed by Vtg protein analysis. Similar experiments examining dose and time response also will be conducted in vivo to compare cell-specific responses to that as seen in the whole animal. These comparisons will be made at the mRNA level of the ER and Vtg genes, followed by Vtg protein accumulation. I also will study the transcription rates and mRNA stability of Vtg mRNAs with different chemical exposures in the primary-hepatocyte culture system. ...
Scale loss is a common occurrence in both wild fish and those in aquaculture production systems, and regeneration of scales has been described in several freshwater species. Relatively little information exists about this process in marine fish, and in the present study, the chronology of scale regeneration was characterized in juvenile sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax, maintained in full seawater (SW; 36‰, 11.2 mM Ca(2+)) or brackish water (BW; 3.5‰, 1.1 mM Ca(2+)). Despite the significant differences in plasma osmolality, plasma calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) were similar between SW and BW. Removal of scales (2.25 cm(2)) did not modify plasma osmolality but a significant reduction in plasma Ca occurred in sea bass in BW during early phases of scale regeneration. Scale Ca and P contents changed during regeneration in SW and BW fish, and in fully regenerated scales, their concentration was comparable to ontogenic scales which had a Ca/P ratio around 1.0. Regenerating scales were first visible ...
Retinal photodamage has previously been studied in teleost fish but very few have been performed on aquaculture species. To study retinal damage, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) were previously acclimated to a control 12L:12D photoperiod with standard experimental low light intensity (0.1 W/m(2), equivalent to 3.2 x 10(13) photons/s/cm(2)) for at least 4 weeks and then kept under constant darkness (DD) for 3 days. Thereafter, fish were exposed to continuous high intensity light (51-380 W/m(2), equivalent to 1.63 x 10(16)-1.22 x 10(17) photons/s/cm2) for 3, 7, 15 or 25 days before returning to a control 12L:12D photoperiod (same intensity than during acclimation period) to study retinal regeneration over a period of 30 days. Retinal damage was exclusively assessed through the analysis of morphometric parameters. Results showed the presence of light-induced damage in the three species examined, as well as recovery once the ...
The objective of the Project is the development of PCR microarrays for assessment of gene expression profiles related to sea bass resistance against viral nervous necrosis. The European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is one of the most important farmed species of aquaculture in the Mediterranean, with 153.182 tons of annual production. One of the main problems in sea bass farming is the development of diseases, including viral nervous necrosis (VNN). VNN is caused by beta-nodavirus strains and there is no effective treatment or widely available vaccine for the disease. Selective reproduction of resistant individuals is an alternative approach towards disease elimination, with the potential for increase of survival at least 12.5% ​​per generation. In the context of the present Project, PCR microarrays will be developed as a molecular tool to assess the resilience of farmed sea bass populations to VNN for genetic improvement, with commercial exploitation potential. The microarrays will be ...
The aim of present study was to investigate the influence of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO 2, Aeroxide® P25) on 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) dependent biotransformation gene expression in liver of juvenile European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax. An in vivo 7 day waterborne exposure was performed with nano-TiO2(1mg/L) and 2,3,7,8-TCDD (46pg/L), singly and in combination. The mRNA expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (Ahrr), estrogen receptor (erβ2), ABC transport proteins as Abcb1, Abcc1-c2-g2, cytochrome P450 (cyp1a), glutathione-s-transferase (gsta), glutathione reductase (gr) and engulfment and motility (ELMO) domain-containing protein 2 (elmod2) was investigated. Ahrr,erβ2,abcc1 and abcg2 resulted down-regulated with respect to controls in all experimental groups.Co-exposure to nano-TiO2 and 2,3,7,8-TCDD caused a further significant down regulation ofahrr,erβ2,Abcb1andAbcc2compared to single chemical exposure (nano-TiO2or 2,3,7,8-TCDD alone). No ...
Read "Preparation and Characterization of Alginate Microparticles Containing a Model Protein for Oral Administration in Gnotobiotic European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Larvae, Marine Biotechnology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
CD4 is a transmembrane glycoprotein fundamental for cell-mediated immunity. Its action as a T cell coreceptor increases the avidity of association between a T cell and an antigen-presenting cell by interacting with portions of the complex between MHC class II and TR molecules. In this paper we report the cDNA cloning, expression and structural analysis of a CD4 homologue from sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). The sea bass CD4 cDNA consists of 2071 bp that translates in one reading frame to give the entire molecule containing 480 amino acids. The analysis of the sequence shows the presence of four putative Ig-like domains and that some fundamental structural features, like a disulphide bond in domain D2 and the CXC signalling motif in the cytoplasmic tail, are conserved from sea bass to mammals. Real-time PCR analysis showed that very high levels of CD4 mRNA transcripts are present in thymus, followed by gut and gills. In vitro stimulation of head kidney leukocytes with LPS and PHA-L gave an ...
Due to the paucity of oceanic resources utilized in the preparation of diets for cultured fish, commercial feed producers have been trying to replace fishmeal (FM) using alternative protein sources such as vegetable protein meals (VMs). One of the main drawbacks of using VMs in fish feed is related to the presence of a variety of anti-nutritional factors, which could trigger an inflammation process in the distal intestine. This reduces the capacity of the enterocytes to absorb nutrients leading to reduced fish growth performances. We evaluated the mitigating effects of butyrate and taurine used as feed additives on the morphological abnormalities caused by a soybean meal (SBM)-based diet in the distal intestine of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). We used three experimental diets, containing the same low percentage of FM and high percentage of SBM; two diets were supplemented with either 0.2% sodium butyrate or taurine. Histological changes in the intestine of fish were determined by light and
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Locomotor ability is a key organismal performance trait in the chain of interactions that link biochemical, morphological and physiological traits to fitness (Arnold, 1983). For many species, essential ecological functions such as predator-prey interactions, reproductive activities or foraging, are dependent upon an animals capacity for movement. The intuitive recognition of this relationship has led to a consistent interest in fish locomotion among scientists, but the nature of the relationship between locomotion and fitness remains largely unknown for most fish species.. The study of fish locomotion began in earnest around 60 years ago (e.g. Black, 1955; Bainbridge, 1958a; Bainbridge, 1958b; Brett, 1964; Fry, 1971; Beamish, 1978) but there are still large gaps in our understanding of the elements that determine swimming performance. For instance, the nature of maximal swimming performance as well as the factors which contribute to the transition between aerobic and anaerobic swimming modes, ...
converting descriptive class names for use in human-readable. Expand Camel Case API. ("A", "G", "C", "T", "_", "-"), array("_", "-", "G", "A", "T", "C.API; Documentation;. Histoire des disciplines Histoire des sciences sociales Interdisciplinarité Anthropologie Human ecology Anthropobiologie Histoire Ecologie.. cest du vécu, du testé, de létudié, du témoigné !. DONT: les aliments à éviter. Pour être honnête, il ny en a pas vraiment.Evaluation of API NH,. Biddle J.W. and Roberts N.C. High level tetracycline in Neisseria gonorrhoeae in result of Acquisition of. Boye C.S., Bathily C.T.. (API 50 CHL, mass. tetracycline vancomycin antibiotic resistance article bacterial strain bacterial virulence bacterium isolation biofilm clinical article.. European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax, L.). is also a zoonotic microorganism and human isolates of S. European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, Api 20 E ...
Intersex occurrence in freshwater fishes was evaluated for nine river basins in the United States. Testicular oocytes (predominantly male testes containing female germ cells) were the most pervasive form of intersex observed, even though similar numbers of male (n = 1477) and female (n = 1633) fish were examined. Intersex was found in 3% of the fish collected. The intersex condition was observed in four of the 16 species examined (25%) and in fish from 34 of 111 sites (31%). Intersex was not found in multiple species from the same site but was most prevalent in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides; 18% of males) and smallmouth bass (M. dolomieu; 33% of males). The percentage of intersex fish per site was 8-91% for largemouth bass and 14-73% for smallmouth bass. The incidence of intersex was greatest in the southeastern United States, with intersex largemouth bass present at all sites in the Apalachicola, Savannah, and Pee Dee River Basins. Total mercury, trans-nonachlor, p,p-DDE, p,p-DDD, and total
We hypothesized that the analysis of mRNA level and activity of key enzymes in amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism in a feeding/fasting/refeeding setting could improve our understanding of how a carnivorous fish, like the European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax), responds to changes in dietary intake at the hepatic level. To this end cDNA fragments encoding genes for cytosolic and mitochondrial alanine aminotransferase (cALT; mALT), pyruvate kinase (PK), glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH) were cloned and sequenced. Measurement of mRNA levels through quantitative real-time PCR performed in livers of fasted seabass revealed a significant increase in cALT (8.5-fold induction)while promoting a drastic 45-fold down-regulation of PK in relation to the levels found in fed seabass. These observations were corroborated by enzyme activity meaning that during food deprivation an increase in the capacity of pyruvate generation happened via alanine to ...
The aim of the study was to validate a dummy regression approach for predictive modelling the fillet fatty acid (FA) composition of cultured European sea bass with dietary FA composition and lipid fillet content as independent variables. The model used our own data on gilthead sea bream as reference subgroup dataset and data from turbot, sole and European sea bass as dummy variables. Most of the observed variance within and among species was explained by the regression model without statistical significant interactions on blocks between diet composition and fish species subgroups. For the validation of European sea bass FA descriptors, predictive values derived from data on fish reared at laboratory scale were plotted against those obtained in farmed fish harvested at commercial size. A close linear association near to equality was found for 12 representative FAs, including saturated FAs, monoenenes and polyunsaturated FAs. This finding reinforces the possibility to produce tailored and healthy ...
The Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer), which is also commonly known as barramundi, is a protandrous hermaphrodite. Typically, this perciform teleost matures as a functional male at 2-4 years of age and subsequently changes sex to female at subsequent spawning seasons [1-3]. Due to this process, Asian seabass females are generally larger than males.. Primary females that do not appear to go through the male phase, as well as males that do not undergo sex change, may also exist, and these possibilities have been inferred from the presence of young, small-sized females and old males, respectively [1, 3]. In addition, despite the late sexual maturation age of the species, early testis differentiation can be found in Asian seabass that are grown in intensive freshwater recirculation systems at as early as 9 months old [4].. Although the development of Asian seabass gonads has been well studied morphologically and histologically, the underlying molecular data regarding their development is lacking ...
Buy Biology and Management of Inland Striped Bass and Hybrid Striped Bass (9781934874363): NHBS - James S Bulak, Charles C Coutant, James A Rice, American Fisheries Society
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W 2800.7 FS32r/w no.31 F-SO-R-17 2010 c.l FINAL REPORT FEDERAL AID GRANT NO. F-50-R-17 Fish Research and Surveys for Oklahoma Waters PROJECT NO. 31 Evaluation of stocking rates for Florida strain largemouth bass OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE CONSERVATION JANUARY 1, 2010 through DECEMBER 31, 2010 FINAL REPORT State: Oklahoma Grant Number: F-50-R-17 Grant Title: Fish Research for Oklahoma Waters Project Number: Project Title: Evaluation of stocking rates for Florida strain largemouth bass. Project Leader: Greg Summers Contract Period: From: May 1,2009 to: December 31, 2011 I. Project Objectives: 1) evaluate the effect of three stocking rates of fingerling FLMB on percent contribution to the age-l cohort in two southern Oklahoma reservoirs (Arbuckle, and Sardis); and 2) determine the most cost effective stocking rate for FLMB in Oklahoma reservoirs. II. Summary of Progress A. Introduction The Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation (ODWC) stocks Florida strain largemouth bass (FLMB) for the ...
Effects of Supplementation Coated Lysine and Methionine in Mixture Protein Diets on Growth Performance, Digestibility and Serum Biochemical Indices of Juvenile Black Sea Bream, Acanthopagrus schlegelii Jing Lu , Ying Hua , Wen-zhong Fu , Fan Zhou , Bin-bin Yang , Jin-xing Xiao , Min-hai Liu , Qing-jun Shao Abstract Full Text:PDF Recommended articles Mail to Author How to Cite Comparison of Food, Amino Acid and Fatty Acid Compositions of Wild and Cultivated Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.,1758) Birol Baki , Sedat Gönener , Dilara Kaya Abstract Full Text:PDF Recommended articles Mail to Author How to Cite Microzooplankton: The Trophic Role and Involvement in the Phytoplankton Loss and Bloom-Formation in the Black Sea Lyudmyla Stelmakh , Elena Georgieva Abstract Full Text:PDF Recommended articles Mail to Author How to Cite Response of Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the Erythrocyte and Liver of Rainbow Trout Exposed to Carbosulfan Erol Capkin , Halis Boran , Ilhan Altinok Abstract Full Text:PDF ...
The effect of gutting and filleting on the formation of biogenic amines and its relation to microbiological and sensory attributes in ice-stored sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) was studied. Pseudomonads, H2S-producing bacteria, Brochothrix thermosphacta and to a lesser extent Enterobacteriaceae were the dominant micro-organisms in whole, gutted and filleted sea bass. Higher populations (P,0.05) of these micro-organisms were present in filleted sea bass as compared to gutted and whole fish samples. Seven biogenic amines namely: putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine, tyramine, tryptamine, spermine and histamine were determined in fish samples. Putrescine was the main biogenic amine formed. Its highest value (23.86 mg/kg) was recorded in filleted sea bass on day 16 of storage. Respective putrescine values for gutted and whole sea bass were 12.64 and 3.12 mg/kg (day 16). Putrescine levels of whole, gutted and filleted sea bass showed a steep increase between days 11 and 16 of storage when respective ...
Conflicts of interestThe authors declare no conflict of interest.ACKNOWLEDGMENTSResearch supported by the Key Program from Science and Technology Projects of Xiamen (#3502Z20143017) and the Science and Technology Plan Projects of Fujian Province (#2015N0010). REFERENCESBotstein D, White RL, Skolnick M, Davis RW, et al (1980). Construction of a genetic linkage map in man using restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 32: 314-331. Du T, Huang Y, Tan XY, Zhang GL, et al (2013). Difference analysis on growth characteristic of one year old Lateolabrax japonicus cultured at different salinity. Oceanol. Limnol. Sin. 44: 337-341. Fan JJ, Bai JJ, Li XH, He XP, et al (2009). [Identification of microsatellite markers associated with growth traits in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides L.)]. Yi Chuan 31: 515-522. Fang DA, Zhou YF, Duan JR, Zhang MY, et al (2015). Screening potential SSR markers of the anadromous fish Coilia nasus by de ...
ID V6Q7W5_9ENTE Unreviewed; 648 AA. AC V6Q7W5; DT 19-FEB-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 19-FEB-2014, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 19. DE RecName: Full=V-type ATP synthase subunit I {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361189}; GN ORFNames=T233_00036 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EST90765.1}; OS Vagococcus lutrae LBD1. OC Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Lactobacillales; Enterococcaceae; OC Vagococcus. OX NCBI_TaxID=1408226 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EST90765.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000018126}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EST90765.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000018126} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=LBD1 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EST90765.1, RC ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000018126}; RX PubMed=24371201; RA Lebreton F., Valentino M.D., Duncan L.B., Zeng Q., Manson McGuire A., RA Earl A.M., Gilmore M.S.; RT "High-Quality Draft Genome Sequence of Vagococcus lutrae Strain LBD1, RT Isolated from the Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides."; RL Genome Announc. 1:e01087-13(2013). CC -!- ...
Spotted bass have a fairly large mouth that extends to the eye but not beyond the rear edge when the mouth is closed. This characteristic distinguishes it from the largemouth bass where the back of the mouth does extend past the eye. Young spotted and smallmouth bass have an orange color in the center of their tail, juvenile largemouth bass do not. Otherwise spotted bass have a similar coloration compared to a largemouth bass. Both have a black stripe that extends laterally down the side of the body instead of the vertical bars of a smallmouth bass. Spotted bass have rows of spots on their lower sides below the dark lateral stripe, these are faint or absent on largemouth bass. Adults typically 10-15 inches and 1 pound or less but can reach 21 inches and just over 5 pounds.. ...
This is a list of electric bass guitar players that have their own separate article in Wikipedia. The bass guitar is a stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. Since the 1950s, the electric bass guitar has largely replaced the double bass in popular music. Bass guitarists provide the low-pitched basslines and bass runs in many different styles of music ranging from rock and metal to blues and jazz. Bassists also use the bass guitar as a soloing instrument in jazz, fusion, Latin, funk, and in some rock styles. Musicians known mainly as guitarists are listed separately in the list of guitarists. For double bass players, see: List of contemporary classical double bass players List of jazz bassists, which includes both double bass and electric bass players List of double bassists in popular music, which includes blues, folk, country, etc. Contents A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Wil-Dog Abers ...
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone-immunoreactive system in the brain and pituitary-gland of the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax, Teleostei ...
The Florida largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides floridamus) was designated the official state freshwater fish in 1975; this black bass is distinguished by a deep notch in the dorsal fin.
Sea bass is and always has been a very important fish for recreational sea anglers. However, since commercial fishing for bass took off in the 1970s the stock has become overexploited, with fever and smaller bass left in our waters as the result. The European Anglers Alliance (EAA) and the European Fishing Tackle Trade Association (EFTTA) pushed for more than a decade that the EU should curb overfishing of sea bass, and increase the minimum landing size. The Member States were well aware that the bass was in trouble but delayed the adoption of any management measures for years. Finally, the EU Commission by itself put in place emergency measures in 2015 and increased the minimum landing size from 36 cm to 42 cm for bass fisheries in North Atlantic waters. Today, additional management measures have been adopted by the Member States and put in place. Unfortunately, these measures hit hard recreational sea anglers, who have been restricted to release all bass they catch the first half of the year ...
Dual function of fish hepcidin: response to experimental iron overload and bacterial infection in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax).: The role of hepcidin in iron
DMRT1 is conserved from invertebrates to human and has been implicated in sex differentiation and testis function in many organisms. We report the cloning of two DMRT1 transcripts, DMRT1a and DMRT1b, encoded by a single gene in the European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, a teleost fish with polygenic sex determination influenced by temperature. DMRT1a and DMRT1b are specific to the testis and are ...
Analysis of population genetic relationships reveals the signatures of ongoing processes such as spawning behavior and migration, and historical events such as vicariance and climate change. This study provides a dual genome analysis of population genetic patterns of spawning smallmouth bass across 13 locations-including all Great Lakes and the Mississippi, Ohio, St. Lawrence, and Hudson rivers -using eight nuclear DNA microsatellite loci and mtDNA cytochrome b sequences. Null hypotheses are (1) genetic variation is not significantly partitioned among watersheds, lakes, rivers, and basins and (2) there is not a significant difference between mitochondrial and nuclear DNA patterns. Results discern genetic demarcations across the range, and pronounced differences even among closely spaced riverine sites. Sampling sites contain a substantial proportion of full-sibling adults, suggesting natal site fidelity and relatively low dispersal. Population genetic origins trace to recolonization patterns ...
Theres no greater thrill in bass fishing than watching a calm surface suddenly explode and your topwater lure instantly vanish.. This scene will be played out many times this month as the waters become warm enough to activate bass into feeding on top. May has always been a prime topwater time for me on my home impoundment, the Lake of the Ozarks. My favorite springtime topwater lure is the Heddon Zara Spook, but Ive also caught plenty of bass on the surface with topwater chuggers and propeller baits.. A number of factors stimulate bass into striking at objects on the surface during late spring. Mike Kruse, MDC fisheries biologist, suggests this time of year, particularly in a bass post spawn stage, is a period of heavy feeding when water temperatures are optimum for largemouth bass and food is abundant. "Its just an overall period of optimum conditions for growth and feeding when bass metabolisms are running full bore and they are looking for food," the biologist says.. Bass might be ...
Marion Strain Largemouth BassThe Marion strain largemouth bass was originally selected and developed by Jack Snow at the Marion National Fish Hatchery.
Centrarchid fishes, also known as freshwater sunfishes, include such prominent species as the Largemouth Bass, Smallmouth Bass and Bluegill. They are endemic to Eastern North America where they form part of a multi-million dollar sports fishing industry, but they have also been widely introduced around the globe by recreational anglers, in aquaculture programs and by government fisheries agencies. Centrarchid Fishes provides comprehensive coverage of all major aspects of this ecologically and commercially important group of fishes. Coverage includes diversity, ecomorphology, phylogeny and genetics, hybridization, reproduction, early life history and recruitment, feeding and growth, ecology, migrations, bioenergetics, physiology, diseases, aquaculture, fisheries management and conservation. Chapters have been written by well-known and respected scientists and the whole has been drawn together by Professors Cooke and Philipp, themselves extremely well respected in the area of fisheries management ...
This largemouth bass was caught by fisheries undergraduate student jo walker from pond s-6 in march, 2013. the fish was released and weight is unknown.
Neuropeptidergic innervation of different hormone producing cell-populations in the adenohypophysis of the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) - evidence for specific functional interrelationships in the hypothalamo-hypophyseal ...
Download this Boy With Two Largemouth Bass photo now. And search more of the webs best library of royalty-free stock images from iStock.
Streptococcus parauberis is a pathogen of cattle and fish, closely related Streptococcus uberis and Streptococcus iniae. We report the genomes of seven S. parauberis strains recovered from striped bass (Morone saxatilis) in the Chesapeake Bay. The availability of these genomes will allow comparative genomic analysis of Chesapeake Bay S. parauberis strains versus S. parauberis cultured from other animal hosts and geographic regions.
Largemouth, smallmouth, and spotted bass are the most popular game fish in North America. It is also very popular in South Africa where the largemouth bass is often found in lakes, rivers, creeks, and dams. When fishing, lures (Bass worms) or live bait will work. Lures that mimic baitfish, worms, crayfish, frogs, and mice are all effective. ...
Diversity in destinations, routes and timing of small adult and sub-adult striped bass Morone saxatilis on their southward autumn migration, Mather, M. E., Finn John, Pautzke S. M., Fox D., Savoy T., Brundage H. M., Deegan Linda A., and Muth R. M. , Journal of Fish Biology, 12/2010, Volume 77, p.2326 - 2337, (2010) ...
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Bass Booster X3: Android app (4.6 ★, 50,000+ downloads) → Bass booster: Bass booster will boost your bass volume and sound. Bass volume sound booster can speed up your...
Bass, J. (in press). Health and wellness. In B. Bonder & V. Dal Bello-Haas (Eds.), Functional Performance in Older Adults (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis. Bass, J., Baum, C.M., & Christiansen, C. (in press). Person-Environment-Occupation-Performance Model. In P. Kramer, J. Hinojosa, & C. Royeen (Eds.), Participation in Life through Human Occupation (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Bass, J., & Haugen, K.M.B. (2017). Measuring social factors. In M. Law, C.M. Baum, & W. Dunn (Eds.), Measuring Occupational Performance: Supporting Best Practice in Occupational Therapy (3rd ed.). Thorofare, NJ: Slack.. Bass, J. for the American Occupational Therapy Association. (2016). AOTAs societal statement on livable communities. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 70, (Suppl. 2), 7012410020. Matuska, K., & Bass, J. (2016). Life balance and stress in adults with medical conditions or obesity. OTJR: Occupation, Participation, and Health, 36, 74-81. ...
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Paternal care, where the male provides sole care for the developing brood, is a common form of reproductive investment among teleost fish and ubiquitous in the Centrarchidae family. Throughout the parental care period, nesting males expend energy in a variety of swimming behaviours, including routine and burst swimming, vigilantly monitoring the nest area and protecting the brood from predators. Parental care is an energetically demanding period, which is presumably made even more difficult if fish are exposed to additional challenges such as those arising from human disturbance, resulting in activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal axis (i.e., elevation of cortisol). To study this situation, we examined the effects of experimental manipulation of the stress hormone cortisol on locomotor activity and behaviour of nest guarding male smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu). We exogenously elevated circulating cortisol levels (via intracoelomic implants) and attached tri-axial ...
Shoal bass, unlike largemouth, have no lateral band and tiger-like markings. They have scales on the base portion of the second dorsal fin. The first and second dorsal fins are clearly connected, and the upper jaw does not extend past the back edge of the eye.. The Black Bass Management Plan incorporates all five black bass species found in Florida. Even though the ever-present Florida largemouth black bass gets most of the attention from anglers, due to its trophy-size potential and wide range, the other four species offer unique challenges both to managers and anglers. To managers, their limited range, and specific habitat requirements make for an ongoing concern that a single-event such as a hurricane, chemical spill, disease outbreak or drought that reduces flow below minimum requirements could have significant consequences. New research is helping the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) improve management options.. These species are doing reasonably well and are of ...
A fishs sense of smell is a pretty cool phenomenon. Unfortunately, though, climate change is harming the olfactory capabilities of many fish living in our oceans.. According to EcoWatch, carbon dioxide released from carbon emissions mixes with seawater to create a harmful substance called carbonic acid.. In a collaborative study, researchers in Portugal and the UK found that European sea bass living in highly acidic waters didnt respond to the smell of a predator.. Granted, this experiment took place in waters which are about two times more acidic than todays oceans. However, the test aligns with predictions about carbon dioxide levels in Earths oceans by the end of the 21st century.. This is an alarming fact to note, considering that 75% of life on earth lives underwater. Not only does this affect the fish themselves, but it affects us as well.. Three billion people, just under half of the current total human population, rely on seafood for 20% of their protein intake.. The researchers ...
Effect of Temperature and Seasonality Principal Epizootiological Risk Factor on Vibriosis and Photobacteriosis Outbreaks for European Sea Bass in Greece (1998-2013) Abstract.
The preparation and comparison of decellularized nerve scaffold of tissue engineering. Thermodynamic and choreographic constraints for energy transduction by cytochrome c oxidase. Measurements of the contact and embrasure areas generic cialis india of adjacent extracted teeth set in plaster blocks were made before groups of dentists undertook preparations on them. An early life hypoxia event has a long-term impact on protein digestion and growth in juvenile European sea bass. Giant cutgrass aboveground net primary production was approximately 1,530 g/m2/yr.. Our study uncovers the MECP2 gene as a previous viagra without a doctor prescription walmart unknown target for miR-130a, supporting that miR-130a may play a role in neurodevelopment by regulating MeCP2. Overall, there is a wide range of uremic toxins: they may affect local mechanisms of wound healing and also adversely affect the functioning of multiple systems. Prior visualization or retroperitoneal dissection of the ureter, in appropriate ...
The striped bass is a delicious fish. It has been in the Saguenay for about 10 years but it is prohibited to fish for the purpose of restoring this endangered and protected population under the Species at Risk Act. Anyone who catches a striped bass in the Saguenay must return it to the water immediately, dead or…
Youve got articulated streamers and poppers hanging from the lampshade on your desk. You think in terms of bass, both smallmouth and largemouth. The term conehead doesnt refer to an old comedy sketch. We totally get it. And thats why we designed the Mastery Bass Bug. Similar in design to our Mastery Titan Long, but with a specialized warm-weather coating built to withstand hot temperatures. Its quite possibly the best bass fly line ever constructed. If you have an all-encompassing need to throw big flies for bucketmouths, then look no further. This fly line is made for you.. ...
The muskie persuit trip is offered in 1/2 and full day trips. These trips will be dedicated to learning more techiniques and stratagies for catching more muskies. On this trip you can either try fishing action waters or chase a muskie of a life time. This is the most requested fishing trip that Capt. Matt offers. On a full day trip fishing multiple lakes is a regular occurance since Capt. Matt wants to put you infront of as many muskies as he can. I have trips designed for numbers or for trophy potential for both largemouth and smallmouth bass, and eater walleyes. These trips are great for all ages and angling abilities. These are usually high action trips with many fish caught. For walleyes these trips are designed for those who want fish for the frying pan. Different presentations such as live and artifical lures will be used. One of the most under pressured fish in northern Wisconsin are the great opportunities for both largemouth and smallmouth bass. If you want to learn the art of row ...
The muskie persuit trip is offered in 1/2 and full day trips. These trips will be dedicated to learning more techiniques and stratagies for catching more muskies. On this trip you can either try fishing action waters or chase a muskie of a life time. This is the most requested fishing trip that Capt. Matt offers. On a full day trip fishing multiple lakes is a regular occurance since Capt. Matt wants to put you infront of as many muskies as he can. I have trips designed for numbers or for trophy potential for both largemouth and smallmouth bass, and eater walleyes. These trips are great for all ages and angling abilities. These are usually high action trips with many fish caught. For walleyes these trips are designed for those who want fish for the frying pan. Different presentations such as live and artifical lures will be used. One of the most under pressured fish in northern Wisconsin are the great opportunities for both largemouth and smallmouth bass. If you want to learn the art of row ...
Browse products from the Speakers category - listing products sorted by recommended, showing only products where Size value is 12 inch, showing only products where Type value is Bass, showing only products where Sica Bass value is Sica Bass Premium Lite Series, showing only products where Ohms value is 8 Ohms, page 1
Browse products from the Speakers category - listing products sorted by recommended, showing only products where Ohms value is 4 Ohms, showing only products where Type value is Bass, showing only products where Sica Bass value is Sica Bass Premium Lite Series, page 1
Just modded the electronics in my Elite Jazz bass & proper loving it now. Ive never been a fan of active basses & always play this bass in passive mode which made me list it for sale a short while ago.But as I love the bass I decided to rip out the active circuit & fit one of Kiogons ...
Bass bodies are typically made of wood, although other materials such as graphite (for example, some of the Steinberger designs) and other lightweight composite materials have also been used. While a wide variety of woods are suitable for use in the body, neck, and fretboard of the bass guitar, the most common types of wood used are similar to those used for electric guitars; alder, ash or mahogany for the body, maple for the neck, and rosewood or ebony for the fretboard. While these traditional standards are most common, for tonal or aesthetic reasons luthiers more commonly experiment with different tonewoods on basses than with electric guitars (though this is changing), and rarer woods like walnut and figured maple, as well as exotic woods like bubinga, wenge, koa, and purpleheart, are often used as accent woods in the neck or on the face of mid- to high-priced production basses and on custom-made and boutique instruments. Other design options include finishes, such as lacquer, wax and oil; ...
Synonyms for Bass violin in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Bass violin. 1 synonym for cello: violoncello. What are synonyms for Bass violin?
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asynchronous (bluegill and largemouth bass) ovary development. Three indexes, percent of 5S rRNA relative to ... at early ovary development stages (about GSI , 4.00). (c) Largemouth bass (n = 7), three indexes ... bluegill and largemouth bass. GSI, gonadosomatic index. .... ...
3 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Faculty of Fisheries, 53100 Rize, Turkey DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v14_2_22 Viewed : 1610 - Downloaded : 1413 Lactococcus garvieae is a major fish pathogen leads to haemorragic septicemia in many fish species. Present study was designed to determine and compare differences in susceptibilities of some important fish species to L. garvieae. Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), Black Sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax; synonym, Salmo coruhensis), turbot (Psetta maxima), and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) were kept at different temperature ranges (12-23°C) for 30 days and challenged by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection and immersion (imm.) with L. garvieae (Lgper), isolated from rainbow trout and ATCC49156 strain. Bacteria were ranged between 1.7x105 - 2x106 colonies forming unit (cfu) fish-1 in experiments. As a result of the experiments, Lgper strain had high virulence for rainbow trout, with 98% mortality when challenged by i.p. injection. Rainbow trout and Black ...
Nodavirus is one of the most important diseases in farming of sea bass in the Mediterranean and causes viral nervous necrosis (VNN). VNN affects all production stages and causes a significant financial impact due to the high mortality rates and reduction of growth performance. The new vaccine, Alpha Ject micro 1 Noda, has been available as an emergency vaccine* in some Mediterranean countries since 2014. The results from commercial scale use have so far been promising.. Pharmaq president Morten Nordstad, said: "Alpha Ject micro 1 Noda has been developed in response to fish farmers needs in the Mediterranean to fight against the most common viral disease affecting farmed sea bass in the Mediterranean. Pharmaq is committed to the continuous development and supply of innovative health solutions for fish farmers globally.". ...
The sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, has been subjected to intensive aquaculture on the Mediterranean cost for ten years. Marine fish hatcheries are key factors in the aquaculture field, and face different pathologies, especially one of viral origin (nodavirus) that could challenge their feasibility. Consequently, we have tried to provide some data on larvae and spawning stocks. Firstly, we have studied the immunoglobulins, components of the specific humoral immunity, and their role as antibodies. On adult basses, these immunoglobulins are tetrameric molecules with high molecular weight (850 kD), made of heavy (H) - 80 kD and light (L) - 26 kD chains. In the eggs, simplest forms such as monomeric or dimeric are brought to the fore; they are located under ...
Bass, in zoology, any of a large number of fishes, many of them valued for food or sport. The name bass covers a range of fishes, but most are placed in three families of the order Perciformes: Serranidae, including approximately 400 species of sea bass and grouper; Moronidae, sometimes considered
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Spicy Baked Garlic-Cilantro Sea Bass based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Sea Bass (fish), Extra Virgin Olive Oil, Garlic, Lemons, Lemons and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Both lab and on-farm feeding trial research, funded by the Illinois soybean checkoff, show species like hybrid striped bass and largemouth bass can effectively digest higher amounts of soybean meal when blended with meal derived from Asian carp.. "The research may solve several challenges for Midwestern fisheries and the aquaculture industry," says Jesse Trushenski, associate professor at SIUs Center for Fisheries Aquaculture and Aquatic Sciences in Carbondale, Ill. "The fish diets we studied use meal from Asian carp, an invasive fish that is spreading and disrupting ecosystems in the Mississippi River Basin. Blending carp meal and soybean meal allowed us to use larger amounts of soybean meal. And, these diets offer a local alternative to marine-based fish meal.". Aquaculture, an expanding, protein-hungry industry, needs to develop alternate feed sources, according to Trushenski. The growing scarcity of wild anchovies and sardines increases the costs of marine-based fish meal and impacts ocean ...
This study reports on two experiments in which the use of enzyme- and acid-treated fish meal were evaluated for incorporation into formulated microbound diets for barramundi (Lates calcarifer) larvae. In the first experiment, partially hydrolysed fish meal was used to determine whether partial hydrolysis increased the dietary value of fish meal used in microbound diets fed to L. calcarifer larvae. Total length and dry weight at the end of the experiment were both higher for larvae fed diets containing untreated fish meal than those fed diets containing any level of hydrolysate. Larval survival ranged from 15.8% to 47.2% but there were no significant differences between treatments (Fig. 3; P | 0.05). Carcass pepsin levels of larvae fed diets containing untreated fish meal were significantly higher than pepsin levels of larvae fed all other diets (P | 0.05). The second experiment determined the effects of incorporating graded levels of denatured fish meal (DF) into microbound diets for L. calcarifer
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The Official Home page for the Iowa Department of Natural Resources, DNR. Our mission is to conserve and enhance our natural resources in cooperation with individuals and organizations to improve the quality of life for Iowans and ensure a legacy for future generations.
Etymology: Pseudolabrus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, labrax = a fish, Dicentrarchus labrax (Ref. 45335); torotai: Specific name torotai from the Rapan name for the species. More on authors: Russell & Randall. ...
Genes vasa, dazl and sox3 are involved in gonadal development and sex differentiation. The marine seabass is an ideal model for studying these processes because it matures as male and undergoes spontaneous sex reversal to female. This thesis is aimed at making use of this unique organism to study germ cell development and sex differentiation. cDNAs for the above 3 genes were isolated and their RNA expression patterns analysed during embryonic and adult development. Conditions for isolating and culturing seabass testicular cells as an in-vitro model were established. Adult testicular cells can be cultured for up to 40 days. Vasa, dazl and sox3 were transcribed during the culture period, indicating that the cell population comprised of germ cells. These results demonstrate that the cDNAs cloned encode the seabass orthologs for vasa, dazl and sox3, which are all expressed in the gonads. They will provide a useful tool for ongoing experiments to study gonadogenesis and sex differentiation in the ...
Black Bass Fishing in the U.S. Addendum to the 1996 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Associated Recreation U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Report 96-3 Black Bass Fishing in the U.S. Addendum to the 1996 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Associated Recreation Report 96-3 March 1999 Revised September 1999 Genevieve Pullis Division of Federal Aid U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Washington, D.C. and Andrew Laughland Division of Economics U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Washington, D.C. Division of Federal Aid U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Washington, D.C. 20240 Director, Jamie Clark Chief, Division of Federal Aid, Bob Lange This report is intended to complement the National and State reports from the 1996 National survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation. The conclusions are the authors and do not represent official positions of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Front Cover-USFWS photo U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Black bass fishing is the most ...
Black Bass Fishing in the U.S. Addendum to the 1996 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Associated Recreation U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Report 96-3 Black Bass Fishing in the U.S. Addendum to the 1996 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Associated Recreation Report 96-3 March 1999 Revised September 1999 Genevieve Pullis Division of Federal Aid U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Washington, D.C. and Andrew Laughland Division of Economics U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Washington, D.C. Division of Federal Aid U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Washington, D.C. 20240 Director, Jamie Clark Chief, Division of Federal Aid, Bob Lange This report is intended to complement the National and State reports from the 1996 National survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation. The conclusions are the authors and do not represent official positions of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Front Cover-USFWS photo U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Black bass fishing is the most ...
Modern aquaculture in Greece is dominated by Mediterranean marine species such as European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax), gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovinicalis). Marine fish farming was established in the early 1980s with strong European Union (EU) support in establishing pilot-scale farms, and through the transfer of cage technology and knowledge from salmon industries, especially those in Scotland, and rearing technology from France and Spain. In the early 1990s, mass production was achieved after the major zoo-technical problems for rearing these species had been solved. As a consequence, there was exponential growth in the industry, with several crisis periods (1999-2002 and 2007-2008) inducing extended periods of low prices mainly as a result of uncontrolled production, which reached 140 000 tonnes at the beginning of the Greek financial crisis (2008), and the lack of adequate efficient marketing support. As of 2015, the industry entered a ...
South Florida members of the Bass Anglers Sportsman Society are fuming over the attempt by BASS founder Ray Scott to ship hundreds of Florida bass back to his Alabama headquarters without a proper
Has seen him down low end of the bass line brick house fish just fine. Over 50 recordings they had been downloaded 65,263 times. Under wraps, the descending sixteenth notes than 65 countries and electric from rock, space to try stacking thirds from campbell make this option in thearmy. Was released on mxtabs, has ever recorded, by the 1977 season opening with the april 2012 in the chords are tuned in america makes you to ring out from ed and began playing the grammy for a far-reaching influence. Dont worry about a hypnotic, trance-like, all-consuming bass line that music in a day tripper of learning tool windows to developing technique and piano. To the bass cover muse easiest version was the lack of this was replaced them straight to learn songs is easily become the temple, in your musical works for a variant of only for bookings had somehow pull it onto this development, as their parameters of control. And at the triangle in 1998, and him. Oh, and total beginner, you wake of daft punks with ...
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In February 2002, Lena Banks, a space advocate and founder/producer of Think Tank Ink Productions, contacted Lance Bass to propose his involvement in her Youngest Person in Space project. Banks brought her longtime associate David Krieff of Destiny Productions on board and through a series of events in August 2002, Bass entered cosmonaut training in Star City, Russia.[16] Bass was considered as the US host of a space competition show to be entitled The Big Mission, which had been successful in Denmark, in which several contestants would go through rigorous training in order to win a seat on a Russian Soyuz space capsule. However, the game show concept was reconsidered, as the producers of the show decided it would be a much better idea to shoot a documentary of a celebrity actually training and going into space, and airing it on a major network. Lena Banks came up with the idea of the Youngest Person in Space many years before Dennis Tito had his historical flight. Through a series of events in ...
Bertron, Alexandra and Erable, Benjamin and Alquier, Marjorie and Jacquemet, Nicolas and Kassim, Caroline and Sablayrolles, Caroline and Albasi, Claire and Basséguy, Régine and Strehaiano, Pierre and Vignoles, Mireille and Albrecht, Achim and Escadeillas, Gilles Catalyse biotique et abiotique de la réduction des nitrates en milieu alcalin dans le contexte du stockage profond des déchets radioactifs. (2013) Matériaux & Techniques, vol. 101 (n° 1). pp. 104-1. ISSN 0032-6895 Pons, Liz and Délia, Marie-Line and Basséguy, Régine and Bergel, Alain Effect of the semi-conductive properties of the passive layer on the current provided by stainless steel microbial cathodes. (2011) Electrochimica Acta, vol. 56 (n° 6). pp. 2682-2688. ISSN 0013-4686 De Silva Munoz, Leonardo and Bergel, Alain and Féron, Damien and Basséguy, Régine Hydrogen production by electrolysis of a phosphate solution on a stainless steel cathode. (2010) International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 35 (n° 16). pp. ...
Lance Bass ,/a,is in sync with his new "nurses." On Sunday, the 37-year-old star started feeling ill and landed in the emergency room - and it was a good thing he did, because it turned out he had an appendicitis. "Well this day took a turn. I woke up to the worst stomach pains. A few hours later, Im one appendix lighter!" he explained beside a picture of himself chilling in a hospital bed with a monitor on his index finger. Through it all, however, Bass kept his sense of humor and his spirits up. "Oscar viewing party in my room!" he joked beside a winking emoji. "PS- my husband is amazing. It is so nice to have a partner in crime in these situations. #OscarViewingParty." " data-reactid="14″,Lance Bass is in sync with his new "nurses." On Sunday, the 37-year-old star started feeling ill and landed in the emergency room - and it was a good thing he did, because it turned out he had an appendicitis. "Well this day took a turn. I woke up to the worst stomach pains. A few hours later, Im one ...
I wondering on your opinion of what a bass player need (besides the obvious awsner of a bass) I personally think a bass player should have the foll...
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The diets of larval and age-0 juvenile striped bass (Morone saxatilis) were evaluated with respect to the estuarine turbidity maximum zone (ETM) in upper Chesapeake Bay. Stomachs of larval and juvenile M. saxatilis collected on NSF sponsored BITMAX cruises (2001-2003) were analyzed. The three years in which samples were collected had experienced different hydrological conditions that affect hydrography of the upper Bay and its ETM. Precipitation and freshwater flow were near average in 2001, low in 2002, but well above average in 2003. Prey items in striped bass stomachs were quantified and identified to the lowest feasible taxonomic level. Prey compositions and amounts consumed were compared among the three years as well as among locations relative to the ETM (above or within). Feeding incidence, fullness index ([Stomach Content Weight] + [Stomach Weight + Content Weight] X 100), and weight of prey items per fish stomach were used as measures of feeding success. Ontogenetic shifts in feeding ...
S.C. Gov. Mark Sanford has signed new striped bass regulations into effect for the Santee-Cooper Reservoir system. The regulations are a first step to combat the population decline of the striped bass fishery Lakes Marion and Moultrie by reducing the amount of fish an angler can harvest, as well as increasing the minimum size limits.New regulations include:
Watch Charlie Moore lure fishing for Striped Bass with local angler Dave Burnie in Cape Cod, Massachusetts which has over 400 miles of Atlantic shoreline
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I woke up wide-awake this morning and could not go back to sleep I was a little late but Im headed to water. I wish I wouldve gotten there at sunrise this morning I arrived at 9:30 and for about an hour and a half caught a fish almost every cast. Not many really big fish but probably couldve culled a limit of Sandbass. The only other person on the river showed me some pictures from last night right at dark because several stripers in the 4 to 8 pound range. I knew as good as it was by the time I got there it was lights out at sunrise today. So looks like I will be heading back first thing in the morning and get there early this whole doing a remodel at my work and having two months off might not be too bad haha ...
Bass. Mastering. Phil Joel- Guitars. Bgv's. Keys. Piano. Engineer. Producer. Mixer. Driving By Braille- Vocals. Guitar. ... Bass. Keys. Programming. Crave Worship Band- Engineer. Sas- Co-Producer. Mixer. Engineer. The Deal- (throwdown records) ... Bass. Percussion. Bgv's Jessica Frech- Producer. Mixer. Engineer. Guitars. Synths. Rhodes. Piano. Percussion. Bgv's. String ... Bass. Programming. Keys. Piano. Percussion. Noises. Arrangements Official website ...
1889-1968 Bass Valley) • Lance Creek (1915-1937) • Lang Lang (Lang Lang West) • Loch (1887- ) • Newhaven • Pioneer Bay • ... Bass • Cape Paterson • Cape Woolamai (Woolamai, Woolamai Waters, Woolamai Waters West) • Churchill Island • Corinella (1860 ...
Mavis Staples - lead vocals Jeff Tweedy - guitars; bass; horn arrangements on tracks 4 and 6; background vocals on track 3; ... bass trumpet on tracks 4 and 6; euphonium on track 6 Donny Gerrard - background vocals on tracks 1-9; percussion on tracks 4 ...
... bass; bass (vocal) Ankeny, Jason. "Jason Ankeny - My Gift to You". AllMusic. Retrieved January 16, 2015. Hearsay Chart & awards ... bass; bass (vocal) Alecia Russell - alto Aleeta D. Russell - alto (vocals) Sounds of Blackness - choir; chorus Jennifer ... bass; bass (vocal) Lee Blaskey - arranger; conductor; orchestra production Michael L. Bowens - saxophone (tenor); tenor (vocal ... bass; choir arrangement; executive producer; guitar; horns; percussion; rhythm; string arrangements; backing vocals Thomas ...
Frank Hovland; bass. Producers: Snortheim/Christensen/Lund. Recording location: Sigma Studio, Bergen. Demring (3:41) Composed ... Jørn Christensen Bass - Frank Hovland Ola Drar Til Myklagard (3:37) Composed By - Ola Snortheim, Jørn Christensen Arranged By ... Jørn Christensen Bass - Frank Hovland Rannveig's Voggevise (2:07) Composed By - Ola Snortheim, Jørn Christensen Arranged By - ...
Regarding his work with electric bass, Bromberg, among other bassists, helped popularize the piccolo bass, or bass with each ... Mick Donner and Peavey basses with Epifani amplification. He also owns a signature edition Carvin bass. A New Day (1986) Basses ... His innovative and technically demanding style of playing extends to both electric and upright bass. On his acoustic bass ... The warm tone of Bromberg's upright bass is very present in the mix, but never reaches a point where it infringes on the other ...
Decky Lucey; bass. Joe Philpott; guitars. Gordon Ashe; drums. Marinucci, Steve (29 November 2016). "10 Songs You Might Not Know ...
... bass); not commonly used Wot (โหวด) - circular panpipe used in the Isan region of northeast Thailand. Play by holding between ...
Bass Lukas Vesely - Bass David Levitta - Guitar Dave Wilder - Bass Technical credits John Vesely - Drum Programming; String ... Bass; Guitar; Drums; Piano; Keyboards Aaron Johnson - Producer; Guitar Tom Breyfogle - Producer; Drums Zac Rae - Keyboards ...
It is found in seven sizes: soprano; sopranino; alto; tenor; bass; low bass, and contrabass. According to The New Grove ... The original family comprised a soprano in 3' E♭, an alto in 4' B♭, a tenor in 7' E♭, a baritone in 9' B♭, and a bass in 9' B ... It seems clear, then, that Wagner's original plan was to use a saxotromba as the bass member of his trumpet group; but between ... In the event, the three trumpets were supported by a bass trumpet designed especially for the occasion by the instrument maker ...
bass). Pierre Verany (2005) Johannes Brahms. Piano Quintet op.34. With the Sine Nomine Quartet. Claves Schostakovitsch. Sonata ...
Russian composer Pavel Chesnokov divides the bass section into these groups: baritones light basses strong basses strong basses ... Italian composers considered basso profondos basses with "large" voices with a range of E2 to E4, lower than typical basses. ... Basso profondo (Italian: "deep bass"), sometimes basso profundo or contrabass, is the bass voice subtype with the lowest vocal ... singing lower than the bass like a double bass, and should not be confused with contrabasses, which are instruments." ...
Guitars, Bass, Vocals. Martin Ewens. Bass Christian Bongers. Bass John Dely. Piano Frank Ferrer. Drums Johhny Cragg. Drums ... Vocals, Guitars, keyboards, programming, Percussion, Bass. Martin Ewens. Bass. Scott Martin. Drums. John Dely. Piano/Organ. ... Bass Chad Fischer. Drums 10th Annual CD, Er, MP3 Gift Guide-NPR = Sounds of Apartment Life: The Music of Cantinero-NPR Official ... Vocals, Keyboards, Bass, Guitars, Programming, Percussion. Richard Steel. ...
"BASS". 2015-03-12. Retrieved 2015-04-16. "DRUMS". 2015-03-18. Retrieved 2015-04-16. "VOX". YouTube. ... ", "Bass", "Drums", "Vox", and "Strings". The black and white music video was directed by Warren Fu (Daft Punk, The Killers, ...
... bass! ...The instrument suits him. The low sounds are like a cool bath after the harsh high end of the last few. - Seth Tisue ... and is the first release to feature the artist accompanying himself on fretless electric bass, rather than on his usual ...
BASS. YouTube. March 12, 2015. STRINGS. YouTube. April 9, 2015. Rebecca Schiller. "Brandon Flowers unveils new video for 'Still ...
He started studying upright bass in the 4th grade, and he attended the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. He studied with ... "Chris Bates' Red 5 Leads with Bass." State of the Arts. Minnesota Public Radio, 12 Sept. 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. .. ... "Christopher Bates , Jazz , Bass". Retrieved 2012-02-22. "McKnight Composer Fellowship." American Composers ...
He was later head of office for Peter Patmore, the state Attorney-General, before contesting the state seat of Bass ... "Bass". Virtual Tally Room. Australian Electoral Commission. 2010-08-24. Retrieved 2010-08-24. "Labor People - Geoff Lyons". ... Green, Antony (2010). "Bass". 2010 Federal Election. Retrieved 2010-08-24. Blewett, Danielle (8 January 2010). "Geoff Lyons may ... was a member of the Australian House of Representatives for the seat of Bass in Tasmania, representing the Australian Labor ...
... bass; keyboards; handclaps Carl Wilson - harmony and backing vocals; lead guitar; handclaps Dennis Wilson - harmony, backing ... upright bass Bones Howe - percussion Robert Jung - woodwind Armand Kaproff - cello Raymond Kelley - cello Bernard Kundell - ...
Also the album's version has a louder bass drum while the show uses the more sharper drum kit (this though is still restored in ... On the album, the song starts with a bass riff but on the show, it starts directly with the vocals. Verse 2: The Gamelan ... It's My World is characterized by strong bass and hip hop beats. Sung by Kiki, it expresses his feelings throughout the lyrics ... Instruments include the Erhu, a single flute, violas, bass drums, triangles and cymbals. After the show was shut down, it was ...
... bass, slide guitar, drums Steve Winwood - piano, electric piano Tim Hinkley - piano, organ, backing vocals Boz Burrell - bass, ... bass; sitar; drums Mylon LeFevre - lead, harmony and backing vocals; 6- and 12-string acoustic guitars; percussion; bass George ... Harrison (as "Hari Georgeson") - acoustic guitar, dobro, bass, harmony vocals Ron Wood - electric and 12-string acoustic ...
Meander Valley Highway, formerly known as Bass Highway, passes through the edge of the town bypassing the old main street. Bass ... By 1978, the Bass Highway crossed the river further upstream and the old main road was no longer a through road. This bridge is ... The town is in the Meander Valley Council local government area, both the federal and state electoral Division of Bass, and the ... "Bass". Tasmanian Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2014. "Suggested polling ...
"Hole is: Courtney Love • vocals, guitar • Micko Larkin • guitar • Shawn Dailey • bass • Stuart Fisher • drums • Additional ...
Ben Lee - vocals, guitar, bass, percussion Lara Meyerratken - keyboards, vocals, drums, percussion, "atmosphere" McGowan ... bass on tracks 8 and 12 Chick Wolverton - percussion Har Mar Superstar Jenny Lewis Jason Falkner Scarlett Chorvatt Melanie ... Southworth - guitar, vocals, keyboards, percussion Brad Wood - drums on tracks 2, 4 and 7; bass; drum programming; saxophone; ...
Bass or Basses may refer to: Bass (fish), various freshwater and saltwater species Bass (instrument), one of several ... Bass, Casey County, Kentucky, U.S. Bass, Missouri, U.S. Bass, West Virginia, U.S. Nancy Lee and Perry R. Bass Performance Hall ... or simply Bass Performance Hall, in Fort Worth, Texas, U.S. Bass River (disambiguation) Bass Rock, or the Bass, an island in ... Bass Strait, between Australia and Tasmania Bass Pyramid, a small island in the Bass Strait Bass, Victoria, a town in Australia ...
Bass reflex cabinets have relatively poor transient response, causing "smearing" or a longer resonance of the bass notes. ... However it is possible to design a bass reflex system that mostly overcomes these drawbacks; and quality bass reflex designs ... A bass reflex system (also known as a ported, vented box or reflex port) is a type of loudspeaker enclosure that uses a port ( ... the port is the most common means of extended bass response in a cabinet. The second most common bass extender for loudspeakers ...
The black basses, such as the Choctaw bass (Micropterus haiaka), Guadalupe bass (M. treculii), largemouth bass (M. salmoides), ... The temperate basses, such as the European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax), striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and white bass (M. ... Other species known as bass[edit]. For other fish called "bass", see Sea bass (disambiguation). ... Many species are also known as basses,[2] including: *The Australian bass, Macquaria novemaculeata, is a member of the ...
In 2005 Bass was awarded an honorary Doctorate by the University of South Australia, and the Ehrenberg-Bass Institute for ... Interactive Bass Diffusion Model. *Biography of Frank Bass from the Institute for Operations Research and the Management ... From 1972-75, Bass served as the Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Marketing Research.[3]In 1982 he returned to Texas when he was ... Frank M. Bass (December 27, 1926 - December 1, 2006) was an American academic in the field of marketing research and marketing ...
Bass Building may refer to: Bass Building (Tonopah, Nevada), listed on the National Register of Historic Places Tom Bass ... Building, Harris County, Texas, 9-1-1 headquarters building named for Tom Bass (politician) Bass House (disambiguation) Bass ...
Bass had his best year in 1986 for an Astros team that narrowly missed a World Series appearance. Bass was named to the 1986 ... The Milwaukee Brewers selected Bass in the second round of the 1977 MLB Draft. His MLB debut came on April 9, 1982. Bass was ... Bass is also the nephew of the late Stan Johnson, a former professional baseball player, who played for the White Sox and the ... Bass lives in the Houston, Texas area and works in real estate. He is a cousin of former American football player James Lofton ...
John Bass may refer to: John Bass (baseball) (1848-1888), baseball player John Bass (cricketer) (1903-1992), English cricketer ... John R. Bass, U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan designate John Meredith Bass (1804-1878), American banker, planter and Whig ... John Bass (politician) (1926-2007), American boxer and politician. ...
A box bass is an acoustic instrument that is indigenous to Trinidad and Tobago. It is mostly used in Parang. The instrument ...
Bass Trail refers to a pair of hiking trails in Grand Canyon National Park: North Bass Trail, accessible from the north rim ... South Bass Trail, accessible from the south rim List of trails in Grand Canyon National Park. ...
Digital download "Super Bass" - 3:19 US CD single "Super Bass" - 3:21 "Moment 4 Life" - 4:39 UK Promo CD single "Super Bass" - ... "Nicki Minaj Super Bass : Super Bass Music Video". Long Island Press. Retrieved 2011-05-07. Rosie Gray. "Super Bass Vs. Judas ... In Canada, "Super Bass" debuted on the Canadian Hot 100 at number 92. "Super Bass" entered the UK Singles Chart at number 46 on ... "Nicki Minaj - Super Bass (CD) at Discogs". Discogs. "Nicki Minaj - Super Bass (CD) at Discogs". Discogs. " ...
Although Bass surname would conventionally be transcribed Basu (バス) in Japanese, Randy Bass is known in Japan as Bāsu (バース, ... Since 2004, Bass has served as a Democratic State Senator from Oklahoma, representing District 32. Bass came up with the ... they later claimed that no such authorization had been given and fired Bass in absentia. However, Bass produced a tape ... Bass was elected to the Oklahoma State Senate as a Democrat in 2004. He was re-elected in 2006. In the Senate he serves as the ...
Historically Middle Bass has also been called Ile de Fleurs and North Bass was known as Isle St. George. The Bass Island ... At their closest points, Middle Bass Island is approximately 0.5 mi (0.8 km) north of South Bass Island and North Bass Island ... North Bass Island)) and Middle Bass Island (41°40′56″N 82°48′39″W / 41.6821°N 82.8107°W / 41.6821; -82.8107 (Middle Bass ... South Bass Island (41°38′59″N 82°49′08″W / 41.6497°N 82.8189°W / 41.6497; -82.8189 (South Bass Island)) is the largest of ...
The white bass, silver bass, or sand bass (Morone chrysops) is a freshwater fish of the temperate bass family Moronidae. It is ... When looking at midwestern white bass, particularly in South Dakota, diet overlap occurs between the bass and the walleye. As ... White bass are found in high densities in the upstream segment of rivers. This portion of the river becomes the most degraded, ... White bass have also been found in rivers that flow to the Mississippi. Native to many northern habitats, they have been ...
Chasteen left Tranquility Bass and relocated to Tucson. Tranquility Basss touring bassist, Matt Lux, is also the bassist for ... Tranquility Bass died on May 17, 2015, aged 47 in Chicago suburb Buffalo Grove, IL. A cause of death was not released to the ... Tranquility Bass was the stage name of Michael Adam Kandel, (1967/1968 - May 17, 2015) an American musician whose music has ... "Tranquility Bass Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 9 July 2014. Owen, Frank (April 1994). "Disc-O-Tech". Vibe. Retrieved 9 July ...
"Bass Otis: A Critical Commentary" pp. 24-30 in Bass Otis: Painter, Portraitist and Engraver. Wilmington: Historical Society of ... Bass Otis (July 17, 1784 - November 3, 1861), was an early American artist, inventor, and portrait painter. He painted hundreds ... "The Notebook of Bass Otis, Philadelphia Portrait Painter," Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 103 (1): 179-253. ... Jackson, Joseph (1913). "Bass Otis, Americas first lithographer". The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 37 (4): ...
Jake Bass "One" - Jeff Bass Music The Label/Boca J Music (2013) Jake Bass "DisFunk" - Jeff Bass Music The Label/Boca J Music ( ... 2013) Jake Bass "1989" Album - Jeff Bass Music The Label/Boca J Music (2013) Jake Bass "Untitled 5.8.13" - Jeff Bass Music The ... Jeff Bass Music The Label/Boca J Music (2015) Jake Bass "My City: Detroit" - Jeff Bass Music The Label/Boca J Music (2016) ... Jake Bass (born December 13, 1989 in Detroit) is an American composer and music producer. Jake is the son of Jeff Bass who is ...
The piano bass was essentially an electric piano containing the same pitch range as the electric bass (or the double bass), ... In the 1970s, a variant form of keyboard bass, bass pedals, became popular. Bass pedals are pedal keyboards operated by ... use the bass pedals to play bass lines. Stevie Wonder pioneered the use of synthesizer keyboard bass, notably on "Boogie on ... Keyboard bass (sometimes referred as a synth bass) is the use of a low-pitched keyboard or pedal keyboard to substitute for the ...
See also Schenkerian analysis, The arpeggiation of the bass and the divider at the fifth. The bass arpeggiation properly ... In Schenkerian analysis, the bass arpeggiation (German: Bassbrechung) is the bass pattern forming the deep background of tonal ... The bass pattern is an arpeggiation in the sense that its middle note (V) first arises as the fifth of the elaborated chord (I ... Elaboration of the bass arpeggiation. Pankhurst (2008), p.51. Pankhurst, Tom (2008). SchenkerGUIDE, p.52. ISBN 9780415973977 ...
Bass music (also called UK bass or post-dubstep) is an umbrella term for club music that emerged in the United Kingdom during ... "Bass / House". Resident Advisor. Retrieved 11 April 2016. timi. "The Best UK Bass Music of 2012 (so far)". Salacious Sound. ... bass music, or UK bass has had major mainstream success since the late 2000s and early 2010s, with artists such as James Blake ... The phrase "bass music" came into use as artists began ambiguously blending the sounds of these defined genres while ...
"Rick Bass", On Point, July 2, 2009 "Rick Bass", Charlie Rose, August 10, 1998 "Rick Bass", "Love of a Place", Outside Bozeman ... Rick Bass (born March 7, 1958) is an American writer and an environmental activist. Bass was born in Fort Worth, Texas, United ... "Rick Bass: An Inventory of His Papers, 1958-2001 and undated" John McMurtrie (March 8, 2017). "Rick Bass wins Story Prize". San ... Bass won The Story Prize for books published in 2016 for his collection of new and selected stories, For a Little While. He won ...
Bass Extremes is the name of a collection of works by bassists Victor Wooten and Steve Bailey. It has been released as on CD, ... The Bass Extremes project has also included drummer Derico Watson and Oteil Burbridge. Cookbook (1998) Just Add Water (2001) ( ... 2006). "All that Bass." Harrisburg Patriot News. November 23. (2004). "Pop and Jazz Guide." New York Times. September 17.. ...
Shoal bass grow much faster than redeye bass. Shoal bass offer similar sporting quality to that of other species of black bass ... This bass was a shoal bass, but originally reported as the Apalachicola form of redeye bass. Shoal bass are also popular ... The shoal bass has white, flaky meat, which tends to be drier than that of a largemouth or spotted bass. The world record shoal ... The shoal bass is often confused with the redeye bass, due to its red-tinted eyes. It is also often confused with the ...
Bass Culture is an album by dub poet Linton Kwesi Johnson, released in 1980 on the Island Records label. It was produced by ... All tracks written by Linton Kwesi Johnson "Bass Culture" - 6:04 "Street 66" - 3:43 "Reggae fi Peach" - 3:09 "Di Black Petty ... bass Lloyd "Jah Bunny" Donaldson (tracks: 1, 3-8), Winston Curniffe (track: 2) - drums, percussion John Kpiaye - guitar Dennis ...
Bass completed her undergraduate studies at Indiana University with a BA in Fine Art in 1984, then went on to receive an MA in ... Bass lives, teaches and works in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She is married to the painter Geoffrey Laurence. Her work is held in ... Bass has received numerous awards including a National Society of Arts and Letters award, a Franklin Mint Award of Excellence ... Lyndall Bass (born July 5, 1952) is an American realist painter and teacher who primarily paints still lifes, flower paintings ...
Alberti bass is a kind of broken chord or arpeggiated accompaniment, where the notes of the chord are presented in the order ... Alberti bass is a particular kind of accompaniment figure in music, often used in the Classical era, and sometimes the Romantic ... Alberti bass is usually found in the left hand of pieces for keyboard instruments, especially for Mozarts piano pieces. ... Well-known examples of Alberti bass include the beginning of Mozarts Piano Sonata, K 545. A famous example from 20th-century ...
  • To study retinal damage, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) were previously acclimated to a control 12L:12D photoperiod with standard experimental low light intensity (0.1 W/m(2), equivalent to 3.2 x 10(13) photons/s/cm(2)) for at least 4 weeks and then kept under constant darkness (DD) for 3 days. (
  • Dynamics of scale regeneration in seawater- and brackish water-acclimated sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax. (
  • Cod was the most light-sensitive species as demonstrated by early signs of retinal damage (from three days of exposure) and reduced photoreceptor layer thickness (PRos/is) (43.1% relative to basal value in comparison to 51.6% and 73.3% respectively in salmon and sea bass). (
  • However, once the light-dark cycle was resumed the retina recovered in the three species studied (after 15 days in cod and 30 days in salmon and sea bass). (
  • Next, we applied eight different temperature treatments on sea bass larvae and used the Methylation Sensitive Amplified Polymorphism (MSAP) technique to detect global changes in DNA methylation. (
  • Optimum concentrations of alginate and CaCl2, the correct alginate viscosity and the appropriate preparatory conditions led to the creation of desirable microparticles with the correct size for oral feeding in gnotobiotic European sea bass larvae. (
  • The prepared alginate microparticles were stable in sea water and were successfully ingested by gnotobiotic sea bass larvae at day after hatching 7 without causing any negative effects. (
  • Removal of scales (2.25 cm(2)) did not modify plasma osmolality but a significant reduction in plasma Ca occurred in sea bass in BW during early phases of scale regeneration. (
  • Vera L & Migaud H (2009) Continuous high light intensity can induce retinal degeneration in Atlantic salmon, Atlantic cod and European sea bass, Aquaculture , 296 (1-2), pp. 150-158. (
  • Master Bass Angler is an arcade Bass fishing game that was created BY Bass Fishermen, FOR Bass Fishermen. (
  • During spawning, sand bass are such aggressive biters that even novice fishermen can easily hook them. (
  • Fishermen who work kelp forests that rise up from rocky reefs in places like Point Dume in Malibu say they haven't noticed a decline in the kelp bass. (
  • Many experienced fly fishermen report that bass fly fishing can be extremely challenging as well as extremely satisfying. (
  • The bass-fishing reporter, then, must not spook the fishermen by asking questions that deal with strategy or technique. (
  • The yellow bass can also be found in lakes surrounding these rivers, especially in areas with dense vegetation and low turbidity. (
  • One of the black basses, it is a popular game fish sought by anglers throughout the temperate zones of North America, and has been spread by stocking-as well as illegal introductions-to many cool-water tributaries and lakes in Canada and more so introduced in the United States. (
  • Smallmouth basses prefer large clear lakes (especially in the northern part of the range) and clear midorder streams with many large pools, abundant cover (rocks, shelves, logs, etc.), and cool summer temperatures. (
  • Yellow Bass live in natural lakes, reservoirs and the backwaters of large rivers. (
  • Like White Bass, the Yellow Bass moves into tributary streams for spawning, but otherwise spawns over rock reefs and gravel bars in lakes. (
  • There are also some prized bass in the Great Lakes region. (
  • A bass-fishing contest is a brash affair-50 to 100-some boats, their 250-horsepower engines roaring at daybreak, speeding around big public lakes at up to 80 mph. (
  • However, the best bass fishing lakes seem to have similar characteristics. (
  • When seeking the best lakes to fish for bass, any experienced bass angler will tell you that bass love aquatic structure . (
  • However, the best bass fishing lakes tend to have an ample supply of sunfish, shad, and/or crayfish. (
  • The best bass fishing lakes have plenty of good spawning habitat. (
  • If bass harvest regulations are managed carefully on these types of lakes or reservoirs, little if any supplemental stocking is needed. (
  • Bassmaster compiles a yearly list of best bass fishing lakes and this list is continually changing, as lakes periodically fluctuate. (
  • But the best lakes to fish for bass consistently provide plenty of these three factors in some form. (
  • In December 2005, when Legg Mason sold the portion of the business where he worked, Bass left Legg Mason and started Hayman Capital Management, L.P. to serve as the investment manager to a "global special situations" hedge fund that he planned to launch. (
  • Bass launched Hayman Capital Management, L.P. with $33 million in assets under management - $5 million he had saved on his own and the balance he had raised from outside investors. (
  • Kyle Bass, Hayman Capital Management chief investment officer, joins 'Squawk Box' to discuss. (
  • NEW YORK (Reuters) - Hayman Capital Management founder Kyle Bass on Thursday said he remains short the Chinese yuan despite the country's latest change to the guidance rate, because he believes credit bubble problems are "metastasizing. (
  • citation needed] "Alberti Bass. (
  • citation needed] A part notated with figured bass consists of a bass line notated with notes on a musical staff plus added numbers and accidentals (or in some cases (back)slashes added to a number) beneath the staff to indicate what intervals above the bass notes should be played, and therefore which inversions of which chords are to be played. (
  • citation needed] Basshunter also set out on the Bass Generation Tour in October 2009 in support of the album. (
  • citation needed] Bass subsequently made two attempts to re-enter politics. (
  • citation needed] He has also gone by the aliases: Beat Dominator Bass Cube (along with James McCauley aka DXJ) Bass Trip Bass Tribe (along with Keith Rosenburg and James McCauley) Bass Incorporated (along with Keith Rosenburg) Neil has also collaborated with DJ Billy E as the transition from Miami Bass to Techno Bass took shape. (
  • citation needed] DJ Billy E DJ Billy E is one of the legends of the Bass Music World, a status earned via his 22 years of experience releasing classic bass CDs like Nightmare On Bass Street & Tuner Beats. (
  • In the 1950s, some big band bandleaders began to ask their upright players to use the then-newly available Fender bass, the first widely available electric bass. (
  • The solid body upright, also known as a "stick" bass or "EUB" variation is still widely used by bass players in salsa and timba bands, because its sound is so well suited to those styles. (
  • Sometimes called a "string bass" to differentiate it from a "brass bass" or "bass horn", or an "upright bass" to differentiate it from a "bass guitar") Bass guitar and acoustic bass guitar, instruments shaped, constructed and held (or worn) like guitars, that play in the bass range. (
  • The addition of frets enabled bassists to play in tune more easily than on fretless acoustic or electric upright basses . (
  • The shadow bass is a member of the centrarchids or sunfish family and is closely related to the rock bass Ambloplites rupestris along with one more related species occurring naturally. (
  • The shadow bass, being a sunfish, builds circular nest in the spring during the breeding season. (
  • In Missouri, however, where shadow bass has a demand in the game fish market, biologists are conducting population studies using mark and recapture methods and information for anglers to provide data to determine what, if any, angling restrictions need to apply to shadow bass fishing. (
  • Bass Anglers Sportsman Society. (
  • As reliably as masses of sea bass gather off the Southern California coast each summer, boatloads of anglers arrive to reel them in. (
  • Forty-six of the best professional bass anglers from all over the world began their four-day battle for a top cash award of $500,000 at the Forrest Wood Cup presented by Walmart , the world championship of bass fishing, on Lake Lanier on Thursday. (
  • Entry fees and expenses may run $70,000 for those who fish the Bass Anglers Sportsman Society's Elite Series-that's BASS for short-and nearly all of the competitors need exposure they can sell to sponsors. (
  • Rain can help anglers aiming for bass in creeks, because runoff attracts baitfish, which in turn attract bass. (
  • Anglers increasingly want to fish for bass, and much of the Irish coastline offers just about the most perfect bass habitat you could hope to find anywhere in Europe. (
  • Cold weather and bass fishing are two things that, for the majority of bass anglers, don't fit together. (
  • That's actually not a bad-looking bass, though I always prefer 2 pickups and at least some kind of tone control. (
  • The electric bass guitar has pickups and must be connected to an amplifier and speaker , to be loud enough to compete with other instruments. (
  • The record size for white bass caught on fishing tackle is 6 pounds 13 ounces (3.1 kg) shared by fish caught in 1989 in Orange Lake, Orange, Virginia, and in 2010 in Amite River, Louisiana. (
  • So far everywhere scientists have found Choctaw bass there has been an absence of the Alabama bass and the spotted bass, this is good news because the different bass species are often introduced outside of their native range to try and popularize sport fishing, which can offset the native bass. (
  • When fishing, lures ( Bass worms ) or live bait will work. (
  • The newest 3D Bass-fishing game has finally arrived! (
  • Let's become a No.1 in this bass fishing! (
  • Top Arcade Bass Fishing Game! (
  • If you are looking for an action-packed Bass Fishing game, then Master Bass Angler is for you! (
  • No other fishing game offers exclusive bass fishing at this pace, we guarantee it! (
  • Master Bass Angler is NOT a fishing simulation, it is an action/arcade game with tons of excitement. (
  • This is called power fishing, you'll catch bass after bass after bass. (
  • Master Bass Angler features simple "Swipe-to-Cast" controls that are not only easy to learn, they make you feel like you are actually fishing! (
  • Each day you head out fishing, you are automatically entered into the free Daily Bass Tournament! (
  • With some of the best fishing in the USA, Clear Lake holds black bass up to 20 pounds! (
  • Download one of the best bass fishing games in the store and become the Master Bass Angler today! (
  • When I returned to the scene of the crime a few days later the water had dropped to 40 degrees, a temperature that many feel is just too cold for decent bass fishing. (
  • Explore the exciting sport of bass fishing! (
  • SEGA Bass Fishing appears in the book 1001 Video Games You Must Play Before You Die by General Editor Tony Mott. (
  • Bass Conservation Center volunteers can assist biological staff in all aspects of fish culture and center management, including: daily feeding and tank cleaning, stocking activities throughout the state, collecting nutrition or genetic data, grounds and building maintenance, weekend kids fishing events, and mechanical maintenance. (
  • Whether you're grabbing a reusable tote bag to take to the grocery store or need a good-sized bag for your next vacation, these Bass Fishing Canvas Tote Bags are perfect for hauling around groceries, personal items, and everything in-between. (
  • Each summer, when sand bass migrate to half a dozen hot spots from Ventura to San Diego, half-day trips on sport-fishing vessels, commonly known as party boats, typically fill up with paying customers who bring back loads of the fish. (
  • Even so, Southern California sport-fishing groups said they have seen a noticeable decline in sand bass in recent years, with lackluster catches even during the summer boom time. (
  • They strike hard and fight strong, so when you are fly fishing for bass, expect to be exhilarated by the fight in these guys! (
  • In general, however, flies for bass fishing are usually larger and influence a bigger bite. (
  • Great bass fly fishing can be found in various locations throughout the United States. (
  • Bass fly fishing can be a great experience for both the beginning fly fisherman as well as those with a little more experience. (
  • Fly fishing for bass requires a little bit of finesse and some tenacity when they bite. (
  • It might be argued that bass fishing has never been more popular. (
  • Any angler interested in bass has either fished in Ireland, is making plans to fish in Ireland, or spends far too much time dreaming about bass fishing in Ireland. (
  • When the bass fishing is firing, it would be fair to say that Ireland offers a world-class saltwater sport fishing experience. (
  • It could equally be argued that the island possesses the most perfect bass fishing coastline imaginable. (
  • And depending where in Ireland you choose to go, bass fishing is likely give you so many options that you'll be left wanting more. (
  • Most of Ireland's bass fishing takes place on the extensive coastlines of Wexford, Waterford, Cork, Kerry, Clare and up into Galway. (
  • The best bass fishing tends to take place in shallow areas, where there is lots of natural cover and food, and these counties are beset with large areas of perfect bass fishing terrains. (
  • To stand under a racing winter sky as the waves tumble onto a deserted beach and catch bass after bass is about as good as fishing is ever going to get. (
  • Be careful, though, because bass fishing in Ireland is highly addictive. (
  • Try to situate yourself in water that is between one and two feet deep and start by bass fishing the area as if you were cutting a piece of pie with many casts in a steady motion. (
  • What is your best bass fishing lake? (
  • And have you used your renewed fishing license already this year for bass? (
  • The Bass Fish Weathervane is the perfect gift for anyone that loves fishing. (
  • Factors by humans that might attribute to population decline of the shadow bass channelization, sedimentation from logging, and habitat encroachment. (
  • Since the scientists have found the new species of bass, their goal is to make sure that the population and habitat stays healthy by starting conservation practices early instead of later. (
  • If spotted bass and Alabama bass were to be introduced into the habitat of the Choctaw bass, these species can overtake the Choctaw bass through interbreeding thus lowering the number of purebred Choctaw bass. (
  • Bass pedals are pedal keyboards operated by musicians using their feet. (
  • The guitar players or bass players of bands such as Genesis' Mike Rutherford, Yes' Chris Squire, John Paul Jones of Led Zeppelin during acoustic sets, Rush (bassist Geddy Lee), The Police (bassist Sting), Marillion (Pete Trewavas) or Atomic Rooster (organist Vincent Crane) use the bass pedals to play bass lines. (
  • The difference is that bass chorus pedals are modified in various ways to suit the low pitch register of the electric bass. (
  • Pedals such as the "I90" chorus from bass amplifier manufacturer Eden Electronics allow the musician to control both of these elements. (
  • The Carl Martin Bass Chorus is designed to avoid the "mid-range heavy" sound that the manufacturer claims is produced by some bass chorus pedals. (
  • Pedals can never emulate the sounds of an actual bass. (
  • Peacock bass (Cichla) is a genus of large cichlids, diurnal and predatory freshwater fish native to the Amazon and Orinoco basins, as well as rivers of the Guianas, in tropical South America. (
  • The shadow bass is a freshwater fish that inhabits a climate range of 38 to 29°N in the United States. (
  • Australian bass (Macquaria novemaculeata) is a small to medium-sized, primarily freshwater (but estuarine spawning) species of fish found in coastal rivers and streams along the east coast of Australia. (
  • The sand bass, or white bass, is a carnivorous freshwater fish that grows up to 16 inches in length. (
  • Its overall mission is "To conduct and utilize essential research to optimize production, stocking and recruitment of Florida black basses, and to facilitate integrated conservation management of Florida's freshwater fisheries resources. (
  • It's simple logic: if the Atlantic salmon is the king of freshwater fishes, then the bass is the prince of the saltwater. (
  • Drum 'n' Bass: The Rough Guide. (
  • Sub-bass energy is popular in dance music, where the low frequencies involve energy from the kick drum (bass drum), the bass guitar and electronic synthesizers and drum machines. (
  • Particular genres such as House music, drum and bass and dubstep often feature a bassline that consists mainly of sub-bass frequencies. (
  • Xtra Bass is a free week-long drum and bass tour of the UK hosted by the BBC's digital radio station BBC Radio 1Xtra. (
  • 2007 is the fifth year of the tour and features appearances by well established drum and bass djs such as DJ Bailey, L Double, Fabio & Grooverider and Crissy Criss among others. (
  • One of these people was Jealous J now known as the Super Producer Jim Jonsin, J made Billy his first bass beat and schooled him to the ways of using the drum machines to make Bass Music. (
  • A bass drum, or kick drum, is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. (
  • The type usually seen or heard in orchestral, ensemble or concert band music is the orchestral, or concert bass drum (in Italian: gran cassa, gran tamburo). (
  • The kick drum, a term for a bass drum associated with a drum kit. (
  • The pitched bass drum, generally used in marching bands and drum corps, is tuned to a specific pitch and is usually played in a set of three to six drums. (
  • A bass drum is typically cylindrical with the drum's diameter much greater than the drum's depth. (
  • Bass drums are built in a variety of sizes, but size has little to do with the volume produced by the drum. (
  • The usual ways of mounting a bass drum are: Using a shoulder harness so that the heads are vertical. (
  • It is possible for the bass drum to have a single cymbal mounted on it. (
  • 2 matching bass drum mallets or a double headed mallet are used for playing drum rolls. (
  • The earliest known predecessor to the bass drum was the Turkish davul, a cylindrical drum that featured two thin heads. (
  • A low frequency bassline in a bass song is usually created using a synthesizer to generate sine wave based tones, which sometimes has an acoustic or electronic kick drum sample layered on top of the attack transient. (
  • Count Bass D is a rapper, multi-instrumentalist, and producer based in the country music capital of Nashville, unique in that he eschews sampling techniques in favor of recording his own keyboard/bass/drum grooves completely live in the studio. (
  • I can't seem to find any drum n bass samples. (
  • How do drum n bass artists like pendulum and cornandbeans on newgrounds get their drum samples? (
  • The result was an original composition with an aggressive bass and drum work by Maurice White, of the future Earth, Wind, & Fire. (
  • This is the Blue Knights bass drum line under the lights in Allentown, Pa. (
  • Bass drum shells are comprised of an eight-ply design. (
  • Viac informácií nájdete v hlavnom článku Drum and bass . (
  • True to the vision of their pioneering founder, the new Ludwig Atlas Pro Bass Drum Pedal is built for a whole new level of performance. (
  • The spikey bass (Hypopterus macropterus) is a species of fish in the family Latidae, the lates perches. (
  • The redeye or Coosa bass is an elongate, slender fish with a large mouth that extends to or slightly behind the rear margin of the eye. (
  • The reproductive biology of the yellow bass is similar to that of the white bass, where spawning occurs during the spring with fish swimming into the tributaries to make spawning runs. (
  • The yellow bass is edible and this fish is commonly eaten in its range. (
  • Benjamin "Benny" Baruch J. Bass, known as "Little Fish," (December 4, 1903 - June 25, 1975) was an American boxer. (
  • Peacock bass are important food fish and also considered game fish. (
  • The European bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is a primarily ocean-going fish native to the waters off Europe's western and southern and Africa's northern coasts, though it can also be found in shallow coastal waters and river mouths during the summer months. (
  • In the British Isles, the popular restaurant fish sold and consumed as sea bass is exclusively the European bass. (
  • European bass was one of the first types of fish to be farmed commercially in Europe. (
  • In most places, shadow bass are not considered a game fish and receive little management attention. (
  • Australian bass are an important member of the native fish faunas found in east coast river systems. (
  • The best visual method for identifying the bass is by counting the number of scales the fish has in certain areas. (
  • Bass ( / b æ s / ) is a name shared by many species of fish . (
  • For other fish called "bass", see Sea bass (disambiguation) . (
  • The " butterfly peacock bass ", Cichla ocellaris , is a member of the cichlid family, Cichlidae and a prized game fish along with its relatives in the genus Cichla . (
  • Striped bass are quick powerful fish with silvery sides and white belly. (
  • A riverine fish, Suwannee bass are often found in moderate to swift currents near limestone or woody structure. (
  • Once you get the hang of it, you'll be catching bass faster than you can say, "Fish On! (
  • I used striped bass and I think you can experiment with many different white fish types and have good results with this dish. (
  • Being the smallest fish in the temperate bass family in the state, Yellow Bass rarely exceed three-fourths pound. (
  • The fish turn out in such reliable numbers that many of their sandy-bottom spawning grounds off the Orange County coast have names like 'Huntington Flats' or 'Sand Bass Junction. (
  • To determine the health of Southern California's sea bass stocks, researchers went beyond traditional catch rates, using fish reports published in The Times, logs of the number of fish sucked up by ocean-cooled power plants and an underwater visual census conducted by Occidental College since 1974. (
  • However, there are some amazing spots you can fly fish for trophy sized bass as well. (
  • English: in some instances, from Middle English bace 'bass' (the fish), hence a nickname for a person supposedly resembling this fish, or a metonymic occupational name for a fish seller or fisherman. (
  • Plenty of sea fish grow bigger than the bass, but what other species in northern European waters inspires such passion, obsession and dedication? (
  • Be sure to select the mounting option above for the Bass Fish Weatervane. (
  • Click the button below to add the Bass Fish Weathervane to your wish list. (
  • Sea bass, often marketed by U.S. chefs under the Italian name branzino, is a prized fish in Europe, where it is largely a recreational catch. (
  • One of the black basses, it is native to subtropical waters in Florida and Georgia. (
  • Of typical size for a black bass, M. cataractae reaches a maximum recorded length of 24 inches (61 cm) and a maximum published weight of 8 pounds, 12 ounces. (
  • In June 1986, at the 'Black and White Ball' hosted by the Duke of Marlborough at Blenheim Palace, she first met Texas billionnaire Sid Bass. (
  • The apparent absence of shadow bass in Black Belt streams is probably the result of low stream flow and poor water-quality conditions during the late summer when temperatures are high. (
  • On first appearance, the specific name for Australian bass coined by Steindachner - novemaculeata - appears to translate from the Latin as "new" (novem) and "spotted" (maculeata) and refer to the distinct black blotches juvenile bass are marked with when very small (i.e. (
  • cf. punctulatus) is a provisional new species of black bass found in the upper panhandle of Florida. (
  • The Choctaw bass can be hard to distinguish from other black bass in the same genus. (
  • Because the Choctaw bass had such similarities between other black basses, it went unnoticed for many years. (
  • During genetic testing of new specimens from northwest Florida's Chipola River in 2007, Mike Tringali and other FWC scientists encountered a DNA profile that did not belong to any native black bass species. (
  • Finally, the FWC scientists compared the genetic composition of the Choctaw bass against all other known species of black bass and came to the conclusion that they in fact had a new species. (
  • Black bass diversity: multidisciplinary science for conservation. (
  • The black sea bass , Centropristis striata , is a member of the sea bass and sea grouper family, Serranidae . (
  • The giant sea bass Stereolepis gigas , also known as the black sea bass, is a member of the wreckfish family, Polyprionidae . (
  • black sea bass Black sea bass ( Centropristes striata ). (
  • The Black Bass Management Plan incorporates all five black bass species found in Florida. (
  • BassMaster magazine has a different Bass Slam that includes all nine species of black bass found in North America. (
  • The FWC will continue to monitor the well being of all black bass species in Florida and relies heavily on studies such as these to determine what is needed to protect and enhance critical habitats, the genetic health of the species and recreational opportunities. (
  • A heavy-bodied black bass that seldom exceeds 12 inches long. (
  • The Apache 1 Bass comes in Seafoam, 3-Tone Sunburst, Salmon Red and White finish, while the Apache 2 Bass is available in Black, Salmon Red, Seafoam and White. (
  • If you have done this and still not caught at least a five pound bass within an hour, try switching to a smaller double buzz and change your color from black to red, this time without a trailer. (
  • White bass have also been found in rivers that flow to the Mississippi. (
  • White bass are found in high densities in the upstream segment of rivers. (
  • Alberti bass is usually found in the left hand of pieces for keyboard instruments, especially for Mozart's piano pieces. (
  • Yellow bass may be found in somewhat clear waters of the Mississippi River from Minnesota to Louisiana and may also be found in the Trinity River and the Tennessee River. (
  • A subsequent coroner's inquest found Bass acted in self-defense and should not be charged with murder. (
  • On the Stradella bass system commonly found on accordions, the left-hand bass-note buttons are arranged according to the circle of fifths. (
  • Bass found himself running in a large amount of territory that he did not know and that did not know him. (
  • Miami bass - largely based in Miami, but also found throughout Florida and elsewhere in the south. (
  • Later that year Bass discovered good land near Prospect Hill, found lost cattle brought out with the First Fleet, and failed in an attempt to cross the Blue Mountains. (
  • In the course of this voyage Bass visited the estuary of the Derwent River, found and named by Captain John Hayes in 1793, where the city of Hobart would be founded on the strength of his report in 1803. (
  • The bass is occasionally in the original recording, but is more likely found in remixes. (
  • In Tennessee, the shadow bass can be found in most drainages south of the Tennessee River. (
  • Despite early national media attention in the 1980s Miami bass has never found consistent mainstream acceptance, though its importance has had a profound impact on the development of hip hop, dance music, and pop. (
  • The name Choctaw comes from the Native American tribe which used to occupy the area in which the new species of bass was found. (
  • The Choctaw bass that were captured by the scientists were normally caught in the stagnant parts of river systems or streams where the sediment gathers, the bass avoid fast moving water from stream and rivers and are normally found close to the coastline. (
  • These scientists then tested tissue samples collected from nearby river systems and found the source of the unique DNA profile - in Choctaw bass. (
  • and quality bass reflex designs are commonly found in demanding environments across the world. (
  • In Florida, striped bass are found primarily in the St. Johns River and its tributaries, and a few panhandle rivers. (
  • But as the afternoon warmed up and the wind continued I found that the bass became active and were actually striking with authority. (
  • In 1961, Bass found steady work on the local Leon Claxton Show, playing piano and singing in the chorus. (
  • The next few years found Bass at a number of different labels, but saw no notable successes. (
  • Yellow Bass are found in Lake Manawa. (
  • The Bass family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. (
  • The most Bass families were found in the USA in 1880. (
  • Plus, bass are found in every state, in a variety of waters. (
  • This sea bass, which reaches a maximum size of around 32 inches, is found in the Atlantic along the European coasts, in the Mediterranean and as far south as Senegal. (
  • Keyboard bass instruments are a common alternative to bass guitars in rap, modern R&B, and in electronic dance music such as house music. (
  • As well, bass guitars usually have a solid wood body, which means that the sound is produced by electronic amplification of the vibration of the strings. (
  • This new portable bass guitars follow the same design principle as the Vox Apache Traveler Guitars , sporting the same Teardrop and Phantom shapes. (
  • Traveler bass guitars are hard to come by and so it is quite surprising to find that Vox also intended to create a traveler Apache Bass series. (
  • Following the traveler guitar idea, the Apache Bass Guitars are designed to free you from an amplifier, working completely independent and running on battery power. (
  • These bass guitars combine retro looks with portability. (
  • Not all bass guitars were created equal, however that hasn't stopped our experts from naming the ultimate bass guitar brands. (
  • Fender was the founder of Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company , which made popular brands of electric guitars, basses and amplifiers. (
  • The piano bass was essentially an electric piano containing the same pitch range as the electric bass (or the double bass), which could be used to perform bass lines. (
  • Beginning in the early 1950s, some jazz bass players began to use the electric bass guitar in place of the double bass. (
  • Most jazz bassists specialize in either the double bass or the electric bass, although the ability to "double" (play both instruments) is common. (
  • Whether a jazz bassist is "comping" (accompanying) with a walking bassline or soloing, or playing on a double bass or an electric bass, they usually aim to create a rhythmic drive and "timefeel" that creates a sense of swing and groove. (
  • In the 1970s, as jazz and rock music were blended by performers to create the "fusion" genre, players such as Jaco Pastorius began to develop a unique sound using the electric bass. (
  • The electric bass guitar is usually the instrument referred to as a "bass" in pop and rock music. (
  • A Bass chorus is an electronic effect used with the electric bass. (
  • The 1935 sales catalog for Tutmarc's electronic musical instrument company, Audiovox, featured his "Model 736 Bass Fiddle ", a four-stringed, solid-bodied, fretted electric bass instrument with a 30 1 ⁄ 2 -inch (775-millimetre) scale length. (
  • In the 1950s, Leo Fender , with the help of his employee George Fullerton , developed the first mass-produced electric bass guitar. (
  • Jake Bass (born December 13, 1989 in Detroit) is an American composer and music producer. (
  • In 1989-90, Bass served on Vancouver's Clouds of Change Task Force which addressed the issues of global climate change. (
  • Bass Odyssey is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall sound system founded in 1989 by Keith Walford. (
  • Simultaneous with his increasing demand was the re-emergence of the sound system era in the Jamaican entertainment scene in the mid 1980s which inspired his path to establish the Bass Odyssey Sound System in 1989. (
  • For this reason, many dispute the established date of Bass Odyssey Sound System as 1989 due to the earlier career of Keith as a Dj and selector himself playing at numerous local gigs. (
  • At the conclusion of the 1989/90 season, Bass won the NBA Executive of the Year Award. (
  • White bass inhabit large reservoirs and rivers. (
  • Following decades of closures and consolidation, Bass was left by the end of the 20th century with one of the two large remaining breweries in Burton. (
  • Since Tennessee does not have registration by party, Bass' loss was widely attributed to a large Republican crossover vote. (
  • When sand bass are not frightened, they take live bait quickly, making them easy to catch for the novice angler. (
  • Nick Hensley of Cumming, Ga. , leads the Co-angler Division with five bass weighing 12-2 followed by Matt Krekovich of Granite City, Ill. , in second place with four bass weighing 11-9. (
  • Keyboard bass (sometimes referred as a synth bass) is the use of a low-pitched keyboard or pedal keyboard to substitute for the bass guitar or double bass in music. (
  • Jazz bass is the use of the double bass or bass guitar to improvise accompaniment ("comping") basslines and solos in a jazz or jazz fusion style. (
  • Players began using the double bass in jazz in the 1890s to supply the low-pitched walking basslines that outlined the chord progressions of the songs. (
  • As the music moved from playing for funerals on the street and into bars and brothels, the double bass gradually replaced these wind instruments. (
  • Because an unamplified double bass is generally the quietest instrument in a jazz band, many players of the 1920s and 1930s used the slap style, slapping and pulling the strings to make a rhythmic "slap" sound against the fingerboard. (
  • Double bass players who have contributed to the evolution of jazz include the Swing era player Jimmy Blanton, who played with Duke Ellington, and Oscar Pettiford, who pioneered the instrument's soloistic use in Bebop. (
  • Apart from jazz fusion and Latin-influenced jazz, the double bass is still widely used in jazz in the 2010s. (
  • The deep sound and woody tone of the plucked double bass is distinct from the sound of the fretted bass guitar. (
  • The bass guitar produces a different sound than the double bass, because its strings are usually stopped with the aid of metal frets. (
  • The EUB is smaller and lighter than a double bass, making touring and travelling easier, and its solid (or mostly solid) body enables bassists to play at a much higher volume with a bass amp without feedback. (
  • In addition, any number of instruments which play in the bass register may be included, such as cello, double bass, bass viol, or bassoon. (
  • Typically performers match the instrument families used in the full ensemble: including bassoon when the work includes oboes or other winds, but restricting it to cello and/or double bass if only strings are involved. (
  • Examples grouped by general form and playing technique include: Double bass from the viol or violin family (usually the instrument referred to as a "bass" in European classical music and jazz. (
  • In the following example in the C major chord C is located on the fifth string while G is located on the adjacent sixth (lowest) string and in the F major chord F is located on the adjacent fourth string: Alternate bass lines are also used on the double bass in country music, bluegrass music and related genres. (
  • The name "bass violin" is also sometimes used for the double bass. (
  • World's Fastest Double Bass Drumming! (
  • The four-string bass is usually tuned the same as the double bass , which corresponds to pitches one octave lower than the four lowest pitched strings of a guitar (E, A, D, and G). The bass guitar is a transposing instrument , as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds. (
  • The slap style cuts through the sound of a band better than simply plucking the strings, and make the bass more easily heard on early sound recordings, as the recording equipment of that time did not capture low frequencies well. (
  • We present you with the best bass amplifiers conveniently categorized into price brackets so you can easily see the amps that fit your budget. (
  • J. Kyle Bass, Testimony before the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, Hearing on the Financial Crisis Bass first began formulating his subprime strategy after he met with an investment banker from New York while attending a wedding in Spain where they discussed how and why the Subprime Mezzanine CDO business existed. (
  • A box bass is an acoustic instrument that is indigenous to Trinidad and Tobago. (
  • Bass notes can be acoustic, but within the term "bass song" they are usually synthesized, typically sine waves or very similar. (
  • A baseline can also be created by pitch shifting an existing instrument sample, or using an acoustic bass instrument, and optionally applying a low-pass filter and/or equalization. (
  • As for me, I just have a hard case, one bass, an electric guitar (plus an acoustic and two other electrics if you count my father's I steal) a tuner, strap, lead and two amps. (
  • Claire Suddath of Time magazine named "Super Bass" one of the Top 10 Songs of 2011. (
  • In the last game of the season the pitcher for the Yomiuri Giants - then managed by Oh - intentionally walked Bass each time, seemingly to prevent him from having a chance to equal or break the record. (
  • About the same time, Hohner of Germany introduced a purely electronic bass keyboard, the Basset, which had a 2-octave keyboard and rudimentary controls allowing a choice of tuba or string bass sounds. (
  • In time, Warwick has evolved the design of the Streamer while Spector has sought to preserve the classic elements of the NS-Bass. (
  • The keyboard (or other chord-playing instrument) player realizes a continuo part by playing, in addition to the notated bass line, notes above it to complete chords, either determined ahead of time or improvised in performance. (
  • The axe bass has also been associated with Marceline the Vampire Queen (character on the hit Cartoon Network television show Adventure Time), who uses her bass throughout the seasons. (
  • Though it is speculated that unfigured basses would not have existed if it were not for the suggestion of harmonies in bass lines of the time. (
  • Bass spent a significant amount of time studying the residential mortgage market and performed research to identify which residential mortgage backed securities (RMBS) composed of low-quality mortgages were most likely to default. (
  • Raced at Woodbine Park Race Course in Toronto, Ontario, St. Bass won the King's Plate by six-lengths in a time of 2:08 4/5 for 1¼ miles, beating the existing record by an exceptional 1 3/5 seconds. (
  • Bass has worked as a senior policy advisor to former Congressman Chaka Fattah, and was a special assistant to Allyson Schwartz during her time in the State Senate. (
  • Although working full-time as a lawyer, Bass entered numerous bodybuilding competitions and won numerous awards. (
  • Bass continued writing for Muscle & Fitness at the same time he released a follow-up book entitled Ripped 2 which was then followed by Ripped 3. (
  • The manufacturer claims that "it keeps your low notes clean while giving you up to 16 bass chorus voices at the same time. (
  • In November, Bass defeated the Republican nominee, Howard Baker by only 4.7 percentage points-the closest that a Republican had come to winning election to the Senate from Tennessee at the time. (
  • Bass became Tennessee's junior Senator (the senior Senator at that time being Albert Gore, Sr.) and prepared to run for a full term in 1966. (
  • Statistical boxing website BoxRec lists Bass as the #17 ranked lightweight of all time. (
  • In his 37-year coaching career, Bass coached in more football leagues than most coaches of his time. (
  • Bass retired in 2004 (by which time the Hornets had relocated to New Orleans. (
  • Bass cited a challenge to return to the college game and a distaste for the long pro season and its demands on his time away from family for accepting the position of head coach at Texas Tech. In his first season, the Red Raiders posted a 14-10 record under Bass and finished third in the Southwest Conference (SWC) regular season standings. (
  • At the time of his death, Bobby Bass was married to Norma Collins. (
  • Bass served during World War II until 1946, during which time he became a U.S. Citizen. (
  • He was the creator of the Bass diffusion model that describes the adoption of new products and technologies by first-time buyers. (
  • By the time you read this we will have experienced our first real warm spell for the new year and hopefully I will have had at least one outing on the Eastern Shore for bass, pickerel, and panfish. (
  • Like many outstanding artists of her time, Bass experienced a revival of interest. (
  • While most writers focus on one project at a time, Ron Bass drills away simultaneously at four or five and also gives mouth-to-mouth resuscitation to troubled projects at Sony. (
  • At one time or another just about every writer and writer's agent in town has traded Ron Bass stories. (
  • You can see how Bass families moved over time by selecting different census years. (
  • If you set aside time each day to work with your bass, you'll be jamming out new licks in no time. (
  • You can also use the warm-up time to tune your bass or check for any problems. (
  • The earliest keyboard bass instrument was the 1960 Fender Rhodes piano bass, pictured to the right. (