Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of phosphatidylinositol (PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOLS) to phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate, the first committed step in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
Intracellular messenger formed by the action of phospholipase C on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, which is one of the phospholipids that make up the cell membrane. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is released into the cytoplasm where it releases calcium ions from internal stores within the cell's endoplasmic reticulum. These calcium ions stimulate the activity of B kinase or calmodulin.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Phosphotransferases that catalyzes the conversion of 1-phosphatidylinositol to 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate. Many members of this enzyme class are involved in RECEPTOR MEDIATED SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION and regulation of vesicular transport with the cell. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases have been classified both according to their substrate specificity and their mode of action within the cell.
A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.
A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP, L-glutamate, and NH3 to ADP, orthophosphate, and L-glutamine. It also acts more slowly on 4-methylene-L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 6.3.1.2.
A pathologic condition of acid accumulation or depletion of base in the body. The two main types are RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS and metabolic acidosis, due to metabolic acid build up.
A non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and is involved in many metabolic processes. It is synthesized from GLUTAMIC ACID and AMMONIA. It is the principal carrier of NITROGEN in the body and is an important energy source for many cells.
The renal tubule portion that extends from the BOWMAN CAPSULE in the KIDNEY CORTEX into the KIDNEY MEDULLA. The proximal tubule consists of a convoluted proximal segment in the cortex, and a distal straight segment descending into the medulla where it forms the U-shaped LOOP OF HENLE.
The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Tendency of fluids (e.g., water) to move from the less concentrated to the more concentrated side of a semipermeable membrane.
Measurement of the temperature of a material, or of the body or an organ by various temperature sensing devices which measure changes in properties of the material that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; or LUMINESCENCE.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
A genus of protozoa parasitic to birds and mammals. T. gondii is one of the most common infectious pathogenic animal parasites of man.
Acquired infection of non-human animals by organisms of the genus TOXOPLASMA.

Bioelectrical impedance plethysmographic analysis of body composition in critically injured and healthy subjects. (1/1143)

BACKGROUND: Determination of body composition during critical illness is complex because of various patient-related and technical factors. Bioelectrical impedance is a promising technique for the analysis of body composition; however, its clinical utility in critically injured patients is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare bioelectrical impedance with metabolic activity in healthy and critically injured patients. If bioelectrical impedance accurately determines body composition during critical illness, the slope between body-composition variables and oxygen consumption would be the same in critically injured and healthy subjects. DESIGN: There is a strong linear relation between body composition and metabolic activity. In the present study, body composition (fat-free mass and body cell mass) was determined by using bioelectrical impedance and resting metabolic activity (metabolic rate and oxygen consumption) by using gas exchange analysis in a group of healthy and critically injured subjects. The relation between these variables was compared by using linear regression to a similar relation established by hydrostatic weighing in a large historical control group. RESULTS: The slope of the line relating fat-free mass to resting metabolic rate was the same in the healthy and critically ill groups (P = 0.62) and each was similar to the slope of the line for the control group. However, in 37% of the critically injured group, overhydration contributed to an increase in fat-free mass, disturbing the relation with resting metabolic rate. The slope of the line relating body cell mass to oxygen consumption in our healthy and critically ill groups was almost identical. CONCLUSION: These results support the use of bioelectrical impedance to determine body cell mass in healthy and critically ill subjects.  (+info)

Comparison of indirect calorimetry, the Fick method, and prediction equations in estimating the energy requirements of critically ill patients. (2/1143)

BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of resting energy expenditure (REE) is helpful in determining the energy needs of critically ill patients requiring nutritional support. Currently, the most accurate clinical tool used to measure REE is indirect calorimetry, which is expensive, requires trained personnel, and has significant error at higher inspired oxygen concentrations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare REE measured by indirect calorimetry with REE calculated by using the Fick method and prediction equations by Harris-Benedict, Ireton-Jones, Fusco, and Frankenfield. DESIGN: REEs of 36 patients [12 men and 24 women, mean age 58+/-22 y and mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score 22+/-8] in a hospital intensive care unit and receiving mechanical ventilation and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) were measured for > or = 15 min by using indirect calorimetry and compared with REEs calculated from a mean of 2 sets of hemodynamic measurements taken during the metabolic testing period with an oximetric pulmonary artery catheter. RESULTS: Mean REE by indirect calorimetry was 8381+/-1940 kJ/d and correlated poorly with the other methods tested (r = 0.057-0.154). This correlation did not improve after adjusting for changes in respiratory quotient (r2 = 0.28). CONCLUSIONS: These data do not support previous findings showing a strong correlation between REE determined by the Fick method and other prediction equations and indirect calorimetry. In critically ill patients receiving TPN, indirect calorimetry, if available, remains the most appropriate clinical tool for accurate measurement of REE.  (+info)

Anthropometric, lifestyle and metabolic determinants of resting heart rate. A population study. (3/1143)

AIM: To clarify the determinants of resting heart rate at the population level in a random sample of the Belgian population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data of 5027 men and 4150 women aged 25-74 years obtained from a Belgian nationwide survey were analysed. In multivariate analysis, blood pressure strongly correlated with heart rate in men (t = 12.4 for systolic; t = 8.8 for diastolic) and women (t = 12.0 for systolic; t = 7.7 for diastolic). Age (t = -3.4 in men; t = -8.1 in women) and height (t = -3.7 in men; t = -3.1 in women) correlated negatively with heart rate. Smoking raised heart rate in men (1-19 cigarettes.day-1, t = 6.1; > or = 20 cigarettes.day-1, t = 10.3) and women (> or = 20 cigarettes.day-1, t = 3.5). Serum phosphorus correlated negatively with heart rate (t = -3.5 in men; t = -8.3 in women). Serum log alkaline phosphatase (t = 6.7 in men; t = 7.2 in women) and serum protein (t = 5.3 in men; t = 4.4 in women) correlated positively with heart rate. CONCLUSION: At the population level, blood pressure, cigarette smoking, serum alkaline phosphatase and serum protein correlate independently, significantly and positively with heart rate, and age, height and serum phosphorus negatively.  (+info)

Longitudinal assessment of energy balance in well-nourished, pregnant women. (4/1143)

BACKGROUND: Clinicians often recommend an additional energy intake of 1250 kJ/d to their pregnant patients. Previous studies have shown considerable variation in the metabolic response to pregnancy and thus in the additional energy required to support a pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess how well-nourished women meet the energy demands of pregnancy and to identify factors that predict an individual's metabolic response. DESIGN: Resting metabolic rate (RMR), diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), total energy expenditure (TEE), activity energy expenditure (AEE), energy intake (EI), and body fat mass (FM) were measured longitudinally in 10 women preconception; at 8-10, 24-26, and 34-36 wk of gestation; and 4-6 wk postpartum. RESULTS: Compared with preconception values, individual RMRs increased from 456 to 3389 kJ/d by late pregnancy. DIT varied from -266 to 110 kJ/meal, TEE from -105 to 3421 kJ/d, AEE from -2301 to 2929 kJ/d, EI from -259 to 2176 kJ/d, and FM from a 0.6-kg loss to a 10.6-kg gain. The only prepregnant factor that predicted FM gain was RMR (r = 0.65, P < 0.05). Women with the largest cumulative increase in RMR deposited the least FM (r = -0.64, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Well-nourished women use different strategies to meet the energy demands of pregnancy, including reductions in DIT or AEE, increases in EI, and deposition of less FM than anticipated. The combination of strategies used by individual women is not wholly predictable from prepregnant indexes. The use of a single recommendation for increased energy intake in all pregnant women is not justified.  (+info)

Energy and substrate metabolism in patients with active Crohn's disease. (5/1143)

The aim of the study was to evaluate the possible contribution of changes in energy metabolism and substrate oxidation rates to malnutrition in Crohn's disease and to assess the effect of enteral nutrition on these parameters. Energy metabolism was evaluated by indirect calorimetry in 32 patients with active Crohn's disease and 19 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals. Measurements were done in the postabsorptive state. Seven out of 32 patients received enteral nutrition via a nasogastric tube. In these patients, resting energy metabolism was determined at d 0 (postabsorptive), 7, 14 (during full enteral nutrition) and 15 (postabsorptive). Resting energy expenditure was not significantly different between patients and controls, whereas the respiratory quotient (RQ) was lower in patients (0.78 +/- 0.05 vs. 0.86 +/- 0.05; P < 0.05). During enteral nutrition in 7 patients with Crohn's disease, the RQ increased on d 7 compared with d 0 and remained high even after cessation of enteral nutrition (d 0, 0.78 +/- 0.03; d 7, 0.91 +/- 0.04; d 15, 0. 84 +/- 0.05; P < 0.05; d 7 and 15 vs. d 0). No effects of enteral nutrition on resting energy expenditure were found. Active Crohn's disease is associated with changes in substrate metabolism that resemble a starvation pattern. These changes appear not to be specific to Crohn's disease but to malnutrition and are readily reversed by enteral nutrition. Enteral nutrition did not affect resting energy expenditure. Wasting is a consequence of malnutrition but not of hypermetabolism in Crohn's disease.  (+info)

Direct and correlated responses to selection for efficiency of lean gain in mice. (6/1143)

Improvement in feed efficiency when selection is based on gain:feed ratio has often been accompanied by a reduction in feed intake. The following four criteria were used in mass selection for improved lean gain efficiency in mice with an objective of evaluating changes in lean gain and intake: 1) gain deviation, animals selected had the greatest gain in fat-free mass (FFM) after adjustment to a constant intake; 2) intake deviation, mice selected had the least feed intake after adjustment to a constant gain in FFM; 3) intrinsic efficiency, similar to the second criterion except that adjustment was also made for average weight maintained during the period; and 4) a positive control that used the ratio of gain in FFM: feed intake as the selection criterion. A fifth line, in which a male and a female were selected at random from each litter, served as a negative control. Experimental animals were outbred mice of the CF1 strain. Two replicates of the five lines were included in the study. Twelve males and females were pair-mated within each line-replicate combination each generation. Feed disappearance was measured from 25 to 42 d. Mice were scanned to obtain an electrical conductivity measurement for prediction of FFM. After six generations of selection, realized heritabilities for gain:feed, gain deviation, intake deviation, and intrinsic efficiency were .00 +/- .04, .04 +/- .29, .35 +/- .08, and .28 +/- .06, respectively. There were no differences among lines for gain:feed ratio. The correlated response in feed intake reduction was significant in the intake deviation and intrinsic efficiency lines (-.17 +/- .05 and -.21 +/- .04 g x d(-1) x generation(-1), respectively). The realized genetic correlations between the ratio and gain deviation, intake deviation, and intrinsic efficiency were .83 +/- .15, .01 +/- .04, and .21 +/- .12, respectively. Litter size was depressed in all selected lines.  (+info)

Endogenous thermoregulatory rhythms of squirrel monkeys in thermoneutrality and cold. (7/1143)

Whole body heat production (HP) and heat loss (HL) were examined to determine if the free-running circadian rhythm in body temperature (Tb) results from coordinated changes in HP and HL rhythms in thermoneutrality (27 degrees C) as well as mild cold (17 degrees C). Squirrel monkey metabolism (n = 6) was monitored by both indirect and direct calorimetry, with telemetered measurement of Tb and activity. Feeding was also measured. Rhythms of HP, HL, and conductance were tightly coupled with the circadian Tb rhythm at both ambient temperatures (TA). At 17 degrees C, increased HP compensated for higher HL at all phases of the Tb rhythm, resulting in only minor changes to Tb. Parallel compensatory changes of HP and HL were seen at all rhythm phases at both TA. Similar time courses of Tb, HP, and HL in their respective rhythms and the relative stability of Tb during both active and rest periods suggest action of the circadian timing system on Tb set point.  (+info)

The value of basal serum follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and oestradiol concentrations following pituitary down-regulation in predicting ovarian response to stimulation with highly purified follicle stimulating hormone. (8/1143)

The value of gonadotrophin and oestradiol concentrations following pituitary down-regulation with leuprolide acetate in predicting ovarian response to stimulation was evaluated in three groups of women undergoing ovarian stimulation for in-vitro fertilization with highly purified follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). Leuprolide acetate was started in the midluteal phase, and either stopped at menses (IVF-SL group, n = 3), or continued throughout stimulation (IVF-LL group, n = 38; oocyte donors, n = 58). Ovarian stimulation was started on cycle day 3, after blood was drawn for down-regulated FSH, luteinizing hormone (LH) and oestradiol. Higher down-regulated LH was predictive of higher oestradiol on day 5 of stimulation in both IVF groups, and of need for fewer ampoules in the IVF-LL group, but not of oestradiol on day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) administration or number of oocytes retrieved. Higher FSH after down-regulation predicted yield of fewer oocytes in the donor and IVF-LL groups, and higher oestradiol on day 5 of stimulation, need for fewer ampoules and a shorter duration of therapy in both IVF groups. Higher oestradiol after down-regulation was associated with higher oestradiol on day 5 of stimulation and on day of HCG administration, a shorter duration of therapy and need for fewer ampoules in all groups. Whereas these results do not ascribe any predictive significance to LH, they suggest that oestradiol and FSH concentrations after down-regulation are predictive of the pattern of ovarian response to stimulation and of oocyte yield.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Basal metabolic rate and thyroid hormones of late-middle-aged and older human subjects: the ZENITH study. AU - Meunier, N. AU - Beattie, JH. AU - Ciarapica, D. AU - OConnor, JM. AU - Andriollo-Sanchez, M. AU - Taras, A. AU - Coudray, C. AU - Polito, A. PY - 2005/11. Y1 - 2005/11. N2 - Objective: This paper describes baseline data on basal metabolic rate (BMR), thyroid hormone levels and body composition of middle-aged and older people participating in the ZENITH project and the correlation of thyroid hormone levels with zinc status. Design: A multicentre prospective intervention study employing a randomised double blind design. Setting: Clermont-Ferrand, Theix (France), Coleraine (Northern Ireland), Grenoble (France), Rome (Italy). Interventions: BMR has been measured on a subsample of 70 middle-aged volunteers (35 men and 35 women recruited in Clermont-Ferrand, France, aged 55-70 y) and 108 older volunteers (56 men and 52 women recruited in Rome, Italy, aged 70-85 y). Thyroid ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Resting metabolic rate and anthropometry in older people. T2 - A comparison of measured and calculated values. AU - Reidlinger, D P. AU - Willis, J M. AU - Whelan, K. N1 - © 2014 The British Dietetic Association Ltd.. PY - 2015/2. Y1 - 2015/2. N2 - BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of energy expenditure and anthropometry in older people is important for targeted nutritional support. The present study aimed to compare measured and calculated resting metabolic rate (m-RMR and c-RMR) and measured, calculated and estimated weight and height in older people aged ≥70 years.METHODS: Participants were healthy older people aged ≥70 years. Indirect calorimetry using a ventilated hood calorimeter was performed for 30 min on fasted participants, and was compared with c-RMR, as calculated using six commonly used equations. Measured, calculated and estimated height and weight were compared.RESULTS: Subjects comprised 14 males and 20 females and mean (SD) m-RMR was 5243 (845) kJ day(-1) ...
Background The background of most metabolic diseases is obesity and overweight. The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship between resting metabolic rate and body composition factors in obese and normal-weight gymnast children. Materials and Methods In this semi-experimental study, 20 obese and 21 normal-weight boys age 8 to 12 year old participated in the study. In the first session, anthropometrical (weight, height, waist to hip ratio (WHR), and body composition [(body fat percentage (BF%), body fat weight (BFW), and lean body weight (LBW)] data were measured. In the next session, at first, subjects rested for 15 min and then performed a modified Bulk exhausting test. The subjects were connected to the mouthpiece of gas analyzer throughout the rest and exhausting test andthemaximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and resting metabolic rate (RMR) was measured in both groups. Results A significant difference was observed for a mean of VO2max, weight,
Twelve girls who trained in rowing were examined twice a year for 4 years. Their initial age was 11.7 ± (SD) 0.2 yrs. Control groups consisted of 13 girls age 11.5±0.3 yrs and 18 girls age 14.4±0.3 yrs examined simultaneously with trained girls in the first and last year of the study, respectively. The examination involved basic anthropometry, estimation of sexual maturation (Tanner scale), 2-day food records, measurements of resting metabolic rate, energy expenditure following glucose ingestion (50 g), and determinations of blood glucose and plasma insulin concentrations prior to and 2 hrs after glucose load. Body mass, height, and fat content were slightly greater in trained girls. None of the subjects reported disturbances in menstrual function, and the age of menarche was similar for all. Both trained and untrained girls reported similar daily energy intake closer to the lower limit or slightly below the estimates of energy requirements for adolescents. Resting metabolic rate calculated ...
BMR Calculator is a Windows software program designed to calculate your Basal Metabolic Rate the amount of calories required to sustain life in your body when at rest Both health care professionals like dietitians and their patients who
Our metabolic rates are definitely not compatible - in the sense that photosynthesis would never b able to supply enough glucose for our high metabolic rate. But thats exactly the catch: with our high metabolic rate, hemoglobin and accessory systems needs to move a lot more CO2 from the body to the lungs than it would require to move from the lungs to the photosynthetic organs(and the same goes for oxygen). No, i think that just because we have evolved to have such a high metabolic rate moving the gases would not be a problem ...
A fundamental but unanswered biological question asks how much energy, on average, Earths different life forms spend per unit mass per unit time to remain alive. Here, using the largest database to date, for 3,006 species that includes most of the range of biological diversity on the planet - from bacteria to elephants, and algae to sapling trees - we show that metabolism displays a striking degree of homeostasis across all of life. We demonstrate that, despite the enormous biochemical, physiological, and ecological differences between the surveyed species that vary over 1020-fold in body mass, mean metabolic rates of major taxonomic groups displayed at physiological rest converge on a narrow range from 0.3 to 9 W kg-1. This 30-fold variation among lifes disparate forms represents a remarkably small range compared with the 4,000- to 65,000-fold difference between the mean metabolic rates of the smallest and largest organisms that would be observed if life as a whole conformed to universal ...
Resting Metabolism Rate: Here you will learn some important information about resting metabolism rate and how you can calculate these on your own.
Introduction Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is defined as the minimum energy consumption needed to sustain all cellular functions and is responsible for 60 to 70% of humans daily energy expenditure(1). It therefore represents the principal component of total energy consumption(2), particularly when one is determining the day the energy needs of inactive people(3). In 1951, Quenouille et al proposed to the World Health Organization (WHO) the hypothesis that BMR could be useful for estimating the energy requirements of population groups and that BMR could be multiplied by factors representing different levels of physical activity(4). In 1985, the WHO(5) proposed new equations in response to the impossibility of measuring BMR by direct calorimetry. These equations originated from a review of studies analyzed by Schofield(6), including approximately 11,000 BMR measurements taken using indirect calorimetry. However, several studies demonstrated that those equations overestimated BMR when used with ...
International Scholarly Research Notices is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal covering a wide range of subjects in science, technology, and medicine. The journals Editorial Board as well as its Table of Contents are divided into 108 subject areas that are covered within the journals scope.
Any parent that takes their kid out for a walk knows that children tire more quickly than adults, but why is that? Do kids and small adults walk differently from taller people or do they tire faster for some other reason? Peter Weyand from Southern Methodist University, USA, is fascinated by the effect that body size has on physiological function. This goes back to Max Kleibers work on resting metabolic rates for different sized animals. He found that the bigger you are the slower each gram of tissue uses energy, explains Weyand, who adds, Its interesting to know how and why metabolism is regulated that way. Intrigued by the question of why smaller people use more energy per kilogram body mass than larger individuals when walking, Weyand teamed up with Maurice Puyau and Nancy Butte, from the USDA/ARS Childrens Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine, and undergraduate Bethany Smith. Together they decided to measure the metabolic rates of children and adults, ranging from 5 ...
High metabolic rates are associated normally with small differences of electric potential, whereas low metabolic rates are associated with large differences of electric potential as measured on the extremities of the body.. Within the normal range of metabolism there appears to be a definite correlation between the metabolic rates and the difference of electric potential over a specified area of the skin, provided the person under test has no abnormalities of the circulatory system or of the functions of the skin.. If there are no dysfunctions of the circulation or of the skin, the metabolic rate may be calculated, within ±4 points, from the expression. See PDF for Equation. where x is the metabolic rate and y is the difference of electric potential across the specified areas of skin (electrodes 12 cm. apart).. In general, there are abnormalities of the circulation of the blood or of the functions of the skin of persons for whom the metabolic rates determined by the two methods (difference of ...
A: The study was actually designed to find out why individuals do not lose weight, especially because they are burning more calories. The study examined all possibilities using a rigorous mathematical approach. The study established that vigorous exercise did result in increased food consumption. The study also determined that metabolism slowed during vigorous exercise if intake remained unchanged. Additionally, the study also established that lean (muscle) mass decreased less during aerobic exercise in comparison to diet restriction. We found that a larger fraction of weight gained (if one gained weight) during exercise is gained as lean mass. That is, if you lose weight through exercise, you lose mostly fat mass, and if you gain weight during exercise, you gain mostly lean mass. This is good news for all of us who want to lose fat.. 1. Martin, C.K., et al., Effect of calorie restriction on resting metabolic rate and spontaneous physical activity. Obesity (Silver Spring), 2007. 15(12): p. ...
Learn you Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) - Calculate your RMR here, BMR calculator will tell you how many calories (kilojoules) you burn in a day.
To compare basal metabolic rate (BMR) predicted by different equations with measured BMR of the Brazilian paralympic track & field team aiming to verify which of these equations is best suited for use in this group. Method: 19 male and 11 female athletes grouped according to functional classification (vision impairment-VI, limb deficiency-LD, and cerebral palsy-CP) had their BMR measured by indirect calorimetry and compared with values predicted by different equations: Cunningham, Owen, Harris-Benedict, FAO/OMS, Dietary Reference Intakes, and Mifflin. Body composition data were obtained by skinfold measurements. Results were reported as mean and standard deviation and analyzed using the Wilcoxon test and Pearson´s Correlation Coefficient. The Root Mean Squared Prediction Error (RMSPE) was calculated to identify the similarity between the estimated and predicted BMR. Results: Mean measured BMR was 25 ± 4.2, 26 ± 2.4, and 26 ± 2.7 kcal/kg of fat free mass/day for VI, LD, and CP, respectively. ...
Body Mass Index (BMI) and Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) are the best indicators of success for a person who is struggling to lose weight. This offers proof of your success in easily measurable terms.
Your BMR (basal metabolic rate) is the rate at which you expend calories while resting. This rate assumes youre resting at room temperature during the post-absorptive stage of digestion, meaning ...
Dear Fatty and Skinny,. It seems that men are bombarded with messages about being muscular, lean, and ripped. Before you start to make some changes, consider doing a little self-exploration. Do you recognize that body size, shape, muscularity, or weight do not determine your identity as a man? Do you know men who have lots of muscles, yet who are not happy? Whats your level of awarness related to the idea that who you are is more than just your body? If you are truly interested in making some changes, consider working toward accepting your current appearance first and know that making changes to your weight in either direction takes considerable energy. If you are interested in adding muscle, you can anticipate that it will take effort, time, and a focused plan.. Your assumption about metabolism playing a role is correct. A persons basal metabolism represents the minimum energy expended to keep a resting, awake, body alive. The energy used in basal metabolism depends primarily on lean body ...
Basal Metabolic Rate of 1,808 means that your body will burn 1,808 calories each day if you engage in no activity for the entire day.
Basal Metabolic Rate of 1,373 means that your body will burn 1,373 calories each day if you engage in no activity for the entire day.
Losing weight is not easy and resting metabolic rate is easy to blame. Products abound that claim to boost the bodys natural ability to burn...
Resting Metabolic Rate Calculator - This is the amount of energy expended (spent) while at rest for Java Free Download in Calculators Tag
Use the basal metabolic rate calculator to find out how many calories or kilojoules your body needs at rest. Input your height, weight, age and gender to find out.
This investigation evaluated the effects of nanoparticles of silver (AgNano) and gold (AuNano) on metabolic rate (O(2) consumption, CO(2) production and heat production-HP) and the development of embryos from different breeds of broiler and layer chicken. Gaseous exchange was measured in an open-air-circuit respiration unit, and HP was calculated for 10, 13, 16 and 19-day-old embryos. Relative chick and muscle weights were used as a measure of growth rate and development. AgNano but not AuNano increased the rates of O(2) consumption and HP of the layer embryos. The metabolic rate of broiler embryos was not affected by either of the treatments, but it was significantly higher compared to the layer embryos. Neither of the nanoparticles promoted nor depressed growth and development of the embryos, irrespective of breed. Although the metabolic rate of AgNano-injected layer embryos was significantly increased, their BW and muscle weights at hatching were similar to those of the control group, which suggests
FYI-Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) & Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR): It is important to have an assessment of your RMR/BMR caloric requirements for daily living and your TDEE (Total Daily Energy Expenditure) for each day. This information would be used to create a nutrition plan. In combination with a strength and conditioning program you will be able to maximize your body fat reduction or lean muscle gain efforts ...
Your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the number of calories your body burns while sleeping. Many factors can affect your BMR, including your age, health, stress level, and even the temperature of your environment. Your BMR, like all of your metabolic elements, decreases as you age. This means that it is harder for your body to burn calories and harder for you to lose fat the older you get. Increases in BMR are possible but this increase comes about through the actions of the next three components.. Your Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) is a measure of the amount of calories / kilojoules your body burns at rest just to maintain it. The RMR accounts for 50-80 per cent of the energy we use doing nothing whilst being awake.. In reality even when lazing around or just chilling out watching DVDs our bodys metabolism is still active. The total lean mass of our body, especially muscle mass, is largely responsible for the RMR.. So, anything that reduces your lean mass will reduce your RMR. RMR is the ...
Among the warm-blooded mammals, which are relatively immune to the vicissitudes of weather, there is a broad correlation between body mass, metabolic rate, and lifespan - the larger the animal, the slower the metabolic rate, and again, the longer the life. A similar relationship holds true if we plot out the birds, but now, intriguingly, there is a gap (Figure 12). On average, if a bird and a mammal are paired so their resting metabolic rate is similar - we might say their pace of life is similar - then the bird lives 3 or 4 times longer than the mammal. In some cases the discrepancy is even greater. Thus the resting metabolic rate of a pigeon and a rat are similar, yet the pigeon lives for 35 years while the rat lives barely 3 or 4, an order of magnitude difference. We, too, live longer than we should if our lifespan is plotted against our metabolic rate - like many birds, and indeed bats, we live 3 or 4 times longer than other mammals with similar resting metabolic rates. When I say that we ...
You hear the phrase metabolism all the time… but what does it really mean?. Metabolism is the process of converting food to energy. It happens in your muscles and organs, and the result is what we commonly refer to as burning calories. Your metabolic rate is the speed at which this process occurs.. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the calorie expenditure needed to maintain basal body functions such as your heartbeat, breathing, muscle tone, etc. Basal metabolism accounts for about 75 percent of the calories you expend on a daily basis.. Below youll find eight ways to boost your BMR. The more of these youre able to incorporate into your life, the more youll boost your metabolism. That means youll be expending (burning) more calories 24 hours a day!. Tone your muscles with weight training three to four days per week. ...
Sedentary living. // Healthy Weight Journal;Mar/Apr97, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p26 Presents the results of a Tufts University, Massachusetts study on the impact of reducing sedentary behavior on obesity in children. Ratio of total daily energy expenditure to resting metabolic rate measurement; Reasons why reducing sedentary behavior is more effective than engaging in exercise... ...
How much do you know about metabolic syndrome?. It is often mistaken for diabetes, but the truth is, metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions - including increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol. When these occur together, your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes is increased.. Determining whether or not a patient has metabolic syndrome is a complex process, with basic measurements including height and weight, as well as tests for insulin, leptin (a hunger-suppressing hormone) and adiponectin (a hormone inversely related to dangerous internal fat) factoring in to a comprehensive scientific investigation.. The first step in this investigation is often a test for Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), which is the rate at which the body consumes calories for basic bodily processes - eg. maintaining internal temperature, repairing cells, pumping blood and powering muscles.. With the results of your Basal Metabolic Rate at hand, the ...
So several studies have pointed to this effect of adaptive thermogenesis, some of which is expected. But found a nice recent one that covered several effects at once nicely.. First, the totally expected part. Ill try not to use the term metabolism as an all day type thing including all activities when that is really TDEE. Metabolism is mainly the lower level functions, some base and required though can be slowed down, some higher level functions like cell replacement for skin, hair, nail, muscle growth which can really be slowed down or skipped, and even higher level stuff like processing foods which probably shouldnt be considered metabolism normally, but some do (kick start your metabolism by eating breakfast misunderstanding).. Your TDEE is composed of your BMR (Basal metabolism) + NEAT (Non-Exercise activity) + TEF (energy burned processing food eaten) + EAT (Exercise activity).. If you eat less, your TEF burn (usually about 10% of what you eat) goes down, so TDEE goes down. So eating ...
The impact hormones have on the body is great and so is the impact the food we eat on our hormones. Zane Bokmeldere, one of the Team Monster Ambassadors has gone into great depths about this topic to help explain why you must understand this. Once you do, fat loss becomes much easier!Its not just about calorie counting:The Thermic effect of food in fat loss is very important!Studies show that its not the calories but macro content that dictates body composition. There is one caveat; you can eat yourself out of any exercise regime. But a lot of your form is down to the types of calories you utilise. By eating more protein in a diet, more of the energy was turned into lean mass and increased your resting metabolism (basal metabolic rate or BMR) by 11% and diets low in protein and high in carbs showed a decrease in BMR by 2% compounded by muscle loss. Researchers estimate that 90% of energy consumed on high carb/low protein diet was turned into fat. High protein/ high fat and low carb diet will give you
The impact hormones have on the body is great and so is the impact the food we eat on our hormones. Zane Bokmeldere, one of the Team Monster Ambassadors has gone into great depths about this topic to help explain why you must understand this. Once you do, fat loss becomes much easier!Its not just about calorie counting:The Thermic effect of food in fat loss is very important!Studies show that its not the calories but macro content that dictates body composition. There is one caveat; you can eat yourself out of any exercise regime. But a lot of your form is down to the types of calories you utilise. By eating more protein in a diet, more of the energy was turned into lean mass and increased your resting metabolism (basal metabolic rate or BMR) by 11% and diets low in protein and high in carbs showed a decrease in BMR by 2% compounded by muscle loss. Researchers estimate that 90% of energy consumed on high carb/low protein diet was turned into fat. High protein/ high fat and low carb diet will give you
Nutritional status is a term critical to an understanding of anthropometrics. It encompasses more than simply diet, i.e. the intake of calories and nutrients, and is thus distinct from the more common term nutrition. While nutrition refers to the quantity and quality of food inputs to the human biological system, it makes no reference to the amounts needed for healthy functioning resulting from nutrient demand placed on the individual. Nutritional status, or synonymously net nutrition, refers to the summing up of nutrient input and demand on those nutrients. While work intensity is the most obvious demand, it is just one of many. Energy is required to resist infection. Pregnancy adds caloric and nutrient demands, as does breast-feeding. Calories expended in any of these fashions are available neither for basal metabolism, nor for growth. The difference between nutrition and nutritional status/net nutrition is important for anthropometrics, because it is the latter, not the former, for which ...
The central theses TDEE stands for total daily energy consumption and is the average amount of calories you burn per day. You can accurately estimate your TDEE based on your body fat percentage, weight and activity level. To use a TDEE calculator to lose weight, multiply your TDEE by 0.75. To gain weight with a…
The mammalian kidney consumes a large amount of energy to support the reabsorptive work it needs to excrete metabolic wastes and to maintain homeostasis. Part of that energy is supplied via the metabolism of glucose. To gain insights into the transport and metabolic processes in the kidney, we have developed a detailed model of the renal medulla of the rat kidney. The model represents water and solute flows, transmural fluxes, and biochemical reactions in the luminal fluid of the nephrons and vessels. In particular, the model simulates the metabolism of oxygen and glucose. Using that model, we have identified parameters concerning glucose transport and basal metabolism that yield predicted blood glucose concentrations that are consistent with experimental measurements. The model predicts substantial axial gradients in blood glucose levels along various medullary structures. Furthermore, the model predicts that in the inner medulla, owing to the relatively limited blood flow and low tissue oxygen ...
We saw recently with the Biggest Loser study that basal metabolism plummets when you lose weight with calorie reduction. As contestants lose weight, they burn a lot less energy - up to 800 calories per day less than before!
The Mayo Clinic recommends exercise to reduce the risk of diabetes by helping you to lose weight, lowering your blood sugar and boosting your sensitivity to insulin, which helps to keep your blood sugar within a normal range.. Stroke:. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is cut off, depriving your brain of oxygen and nutrients. Your risk increases as you get older and also is higher if you have a family history of stroke or heart attack. You cant control these; however, the Mayo Clinic recommends aerobic exercise, which can lower your blood pressure, increase your level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL, or good) cholesterol, and improve the overall health of your blood vessels and heart. It also helps you lose weight, control diabetes and reduce stress.. Weight Management:. Being overweight is a risk factor for each of the above. Each decade past the age of 30, your basal metabolism slows by 2 percent. If you weigh 150 lbs. at age 50 and make no changes in diet and ...
When the basal metabolism is below normal, a person tends to be slow in his movements. He feels cold more and may have marked dryness of the skin, along with constipation and a tendency to put on weight. His hair is dry, thin, and coarse and the skin appears dry, scaly and thickened. There may be puffiness in the face, especially around the eyes. The tongue is usually large, the pulse is slow and regular, and the patient often complains of vague pains in the back and stiffness in the joints. ...
BMR = 10W + H - 5A - Revised Harris-Benedict Equation: For men: Calorie counting with the intent of losing weight, on its simplest levels, can be. Apr 29, - THE COST: To show how small math errors can carry a heavy price, weve cast you as this guy: Youre 35 years old, weigh (5 pounds.
Free BMR calculator, use our free BMR calculator to calculate your basal metabolic rate so you can determine how many daily calories to lose or gain weight
So, how does the body do this? Leptin is a hormone which is found in our adipose tissue (fat tissue in case youre wondering) that tells our brain (the hypothalamus to be exact), all about the environment around us and the current condition of our reserves for dealing with the environment. Think about it logically, the body has to have someway of deciding how much energy to expend or it runs the risk of grinding to a halt (death). You may have said it yourself, or you may of heard somebody else claiming to have a naturally low resting metabolic rate, so it is not their fault. It is not physically possible to be at the surrender of an ominous metabolic rate that leaves you overweight no matter what you do. It simply responds to the environment we put it in. Yes we do see babies born overweight, and kids that seemingly have a genetically low metabolic rate, but, during the final 3 months of pregnancy a baby is preparing to support itself and live outside the womb. To do this it needs to ...
This free BMR calculator estimates basal metabolic rate based on well-known formulas. Learn more about variables that affect BMR, and explore hundreds of other calculators addressing topics such as fitness, health, math, and finance, among others.
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So, how does the body do this? Leptin is a hormone which is found in our adipose tissue (fat tissue in case youre wondering) that tells our brain (the hypothalamus to be exact), all about the environment around us and the current condition of our reserves for dealing with the environment. Think about it logically, the body has to have someway of deciding how much energy to expend or it runs the risk of grinding to a halt (death). You may have said it yourself, or you may of heard somebody else claiming to have a naturally low resting metabolic rate, so it is not their fault. It is not physically possible to be at the surrender of an ominous metabolic rate that leaves you overweight no matter what you do. It simply responds to the environment we put it in. Yes we do see babies born overweight, and kids that seemingly have a genetically low metabolic rate, but, during the final 3 months of pregnancy a baby is preparing to support itself and live outside the womb. To do this it needs to ...
1. Some patients with the emphysematous type of tobacco-related chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are hypermetabolic. Since the likely mechanism is the increased work of breathing, other groups of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease should be similar. We have now measured basal metabolic rate and diet-induced thermogenesis in six patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with an arterial partial pressure of CO2 of ,5kPa (emphysematous), nine patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with an arterial partial pressure of CO2 of ,6kPa (bronchitic), eight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease due to chronic asthma and seven control subjects. Diet-induced thermogenesis was measured for 4h after a meal of 87% carbohydrate, 11% protein and 2% fat as energy, with a total energy content of 40% of basal metabolic rate.. 2. There was no difference between measured and predicted basal metabolic rate in the control (5541 ± 272 versus 5881 ± 245 kJ/24h) ...
1. Our objectives were to measure total energy expenditure, the daily variation in total energy expenditure and the physical activity level in a group of HIV-positive subjects using the bicarbonate-urea method. The study also aimed to asses the practicalities of using the bicarbonate-urea technique in free-living conditions. 2. Total energy expenditure was measured with the bicarbonate-urea method over 2 consecutive days (1 day in one subject) in 10 male patients with HIV infection (median CD4 count = 30). Resting energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry. Physical activity level (total energy expenditure/resting energy expenditure) was calculated from these measurements and from activity diaries. 3. Resting energy expenditure was found to be 7.46 +/- 0.87 MJ/day, 5% higher than predicted values. Total energy expenditure was 10.69 +/- 1.95 MJ/day with an intra-individual day-to-day variation of 6 +/- 6%. The measured physical activity level was 1.42 +/- 0.14, higher than the diary estimate
Menopause transition is associated with detrimental changes in physical activity, body composition and metabolic profile. Although physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in individuals at higher risk of CVD, the association is unknown in low-risk individuals. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between PAEE and MetS (prevalence and severity) in inactive overweight or obese postmenopausal women with a low Framingham Risk Score (FRS:, 10%). Cross-sectional data of 126 participants were divided into quartiles based on PAEE (Q1= lowest PAEE) while fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) were measured by DXA. MetS prevalence was significantly different between Q1 and Q4 (37.9% vs 13.3%, p= 0.03). After controlling for potential confounders, MetS severity was negatively associated with PAEE (B= -0.057, p, 0.01) and positively with FFM (B= 0.038, p, 0.001). Moderation analyses indicated that a greater FFM exacerbated the ...
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute ingestion of a pre-workout dietary supplement (PWS) with and without p-synephrine (S) on perceptions of readiness to perform, cognitive function, exercise performance, and markers of safety. In a randomized, double-blind, and counterbalanced manner; 25 healthy and recreationally active male and female participants ingested a flavored maltodextrin placebo (PLA), a PWS containing beta-alanine (3 g), creatine nitrate as a salt (2 g), arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (2 g), N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine (300 mg), caffeine (284 mg), Mucuna pruiriens extract standardized for 15% L-Dopa (15 mg), Vitamin C as Ascorbic Acid (500 mg), niacin (60 mg), folate as folic acid (50 mg), and Vitamin B12 as Methylcobalamin (70 mg) with 2 g of maltodextrin and flavoring; or, the PWS with Citrus aurantium (PWS + S) extract standardized for 30% p-synephrine (20 mg). Participants had heart rate (HR), blood pressure, resting energy expenditure (REE), 12-lead electrocardiograms
TY - JOUR. T1 - Limits to sustained energy intake VIII: Resting metabolic rate and organ morphology of laboratory mice lactating at thermoneutralith. AU - Krol, Elzbieta Barbara. AU - Speakman, John Roger. PY - 2003. Y1 - 2003. N2 - We have previously shown that the food intake and milk production of MF1 laboratory mice lactating at 30degreesC, 21degreesC and 8degreesC increase as temperature declines. These data suggest that mice are not limited peripherally by the capacity of the mammary glands to produce milk but are limited by the capacity of the animal to dissipate body heat generated as a by-product of food processing and milk production. Here, we measure resting metabolic rate (RMR; prior to breeding and at peak lactation) and organ morphology (at peak lactation) in MF1 mice exposed to 30degreesC (thermoneutrality) and compare these traits with the same parameters measured previously in mice at 21degreesC and 8degreesC. The masses of visceral organs primarily responsible for energy flux ...
We investigated the relationship between the basal metabolic rate (BMR) and muscle strength through measurement of handgrip strength. We conducted a cross-sectional study of a population representative of older Korean from the 2014–2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 2512 community-dwelling men and women aged 65 years and older were included. The BMR was calculated with the Singapore equation and handgrip strength was measured using a digital dynamometer. The patients were categorized into handgrip strength quartiles and a weighted one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for continuous variables and a weighted chi-squared test for categorical variables were performed. Pearson, Spearman correlation analysis, univariate, and multivariate linear regression were performed. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was also performed to determine the association between basal metabolic rate and handgrip strength quartiles after adjusting for confounding factors. The BMR
The overall goal is to determine whether any energy expenditure compensation in response to 16 weeks of aerobic exercise at a higher-dose is greater compared to a lower-dose intervention in older women, and to begin to investigate underlying physiological mechanisms that influence energy expenditure changes in older women. Changes in all components of energy expenditure, as well as concentrations of plasma leptin and serum free T3, in response to the two different exercise programs (14 and 8 kcal/kg body weight weekly, 60-65% VO2max, 4 days/wk) will be compared in older, non-obese women (60-75 yrs, BMI=18-30 kg/m2).. Specific Aim 1: To determine whether differential changes in total daily energy expenditure and its components occur in older women in response to two exercise programs of different doses. State-of-the-art methods will be used (total daily energy expenditure by doubly labeled water; non-exercise activity thermogenesis using Physical Activity Monitoring System; resting metabolic rate ...
ContextWeight loss elicits physiological adaptations relating to energy intake and expenditure that antagonize ongoing weight loss.ObjectiveTo test whether die
Hormones it secretes from thyroid gland are. Thyroxin (T4). Tri iodo thyroxine (T3). Calcitonin. T4 and T3 are related to the metabolism of the body.. Calcitonin is related to the metabolism of calcium.. These hormones have a deep effect on the metabolic rate of the body. If secretion is less it reduces the basal metabolic rate of body below normal is called as hypothyroidism. If secretion is more it increases the basal metabolic rate called as hyperthyroidism. The secretion of thyroid gland is primarily controlled by thyroid-stimulating hormone secreted by the master endocrine gland, the Pituitary gland.. Hyperthyroidism. Hyper secretion of thyroid hormone may be due to autoimmune diseases, called as Graves disease. This disease is more frequent in females. In this disease thyroid gland gets enlarged two-three times its original size, it is called as goitre. It also causes the eye to protrude (exophthalmoses) and an abnormally high metabolic rate. The high metabolic rate produces a range of ...
Objective- To evaluate the nutritional effect of an oral supplement enriched in beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, glutamine and arginine (HMB/Glu/Arg) on resting metabolic rate (RMR) following laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB). Although, LGB is a highly effective approach to induce weight loss in morbid obesity, most patients regain 10-15% of this weight over time. Studies indicate, this is due to a decrease in RMR which is largely determined by loss in lean body mass (LBM) after LGB. There is evidence that HMB/Glu/Arg helps restore LBM in cachexia due to cancer and critically ill trauma patients. If this effect can help modulate RMR in bariatric patients, more stable weight maintenance may be achieved.. Method- Patients scheduled to undergo LGB were randomized to an experimental arm receiving (HMB/Glu/Arg) and to a control arm not receiving it. The experimental group was required to consume 24g of supplement dissolved in water, twice daily and record their consumption. Primary outcomes of ...
The ability to assess energy expenditure (EE) and estimate physical activity (PA) in free-living individuals is extremely important in the global context of non-communicable diseases including malnutrition, overnutrition (obesity), and diabetes. It is also important to appreciate that PA and EE are different constructs with PA defined as any bodily movement that results in EE and accordingly, energy is expended as a result of PA. However, total energy expenditure, best assessed using the criterion doubly labeled water (DLW) technique, includes components in addition to physical activity energy expenditure, namely resting energy expenditure and the thermic effect of food. Given the large number of assessment techniques currently used to estimate PA in humans, it is imperative to understand the relative merits of each. The goal of this review is to provide information on the utility and limitations of a range of objective measures of PA and their relationship with EE. The measures discussed include those
Author(s): Bech, Claus; Chappell, Mark A; Astheimer, Lee B; Londoño, Gustavo A; Buttemer, William A | Abstract: Life history theory suggests that species experiencing high extrinsic mortality rates allocate more resources toward reproduction relative to self-maintenance and reach maturity earlier (fast pace of life) than those having greater life expectancy and reproducing at a lower rate (slow pace of life). Among birds, many studies have shown that tropical species have a slower pace of life than temperate-breeding species. The pace of life has been hypothesized to affect metabolism and, as predicted, tropical birds have lower basal metabolic rates (BMR) than temperate-breeding birds. However, many temperate-breeding Australian passerines belong to lineages that evolved in Australia and share slow life-history traits that are typical of tropical birds. We obtained BMR from 30 of these old-endemics and ten sympatric species of more recently arrived passerine lineages (derived from Afro-Asian
Do you know your Basal Metabolic Rate? Do you know how weight loss and dieting can be effected by this key indicator? check weightlossforgood.co.uk
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In order to monitor their energy requirements, athletes may desire to assess energy expenditure (EE) during training and competition. Recent technological advances and increased customer interest have created a market for wearable devices that measure physiological variables and bodily movement over prolonged time periods and convert this information into EE data. This mini-review provides an overview of the applicability of the SenseWear armband (SWA), which combines accelerometry with measurements of heat production and skin conductivity, to measure total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and its components such as exercise energy expenditure (ExEE) in athletic populations. While the SWA has been shown to provide valid estimates of EE in the general population, validation studies in athletic populations indicate a tendency towards underestimation of ExEE particularly during high-intensity exercise (|10 METs) with an increasing underestimation as exercise intensity increases. Although limited information
Respirometry is a general term that encompasses a number of techniques for obtaining estimates of the rates of metabolism of vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, tissues, cells, or microorganisms via an indirect measure of heat production (calorimetry). The metabolism of an animal is estimated by determining rates of carbon dioxide production (VCO2) and oxygen consumption (VO2) of individual animals, either in a closed or an open-circuit respirometry system. Two measures are typically obtained: standard (SMR) or basal metabolic rate (BMR) and maximal rate (VO2max). SMR is measured while the animal is at rest (but not asleep) under specific laboratory (temperature, hydration) and subject-specific conditions (e.g., size or allometry), age, reproduction status, post-absorptive to avoid thermic effect of food). VO2max is typically determined during aerobic exercise at or near physiological limits. In contrast, field metabolic rate (FMR) refers to the metabolic rate of an unrestrained, active animal ...
The average total daily energy expenditure is higher in obese than lean individuals when measured at stable weight. However, energy expenditure falls as weight is lost, due in part to loss of lean body mass and to decreased sympathetic nerve activity. When reduced to near-normal weight and maintained there for a while, (some) obese individuals have lower energy expenditure than (some) lean individuals. There is also a tendency for those who will develop obesity as infants or children to have lower resting energy expenditure rates than those who remain lean. ...
Objective i - The first phase of the proposed work (Phase I) will involve two laboratory-based examinations of the acute metabolic and behavioural responses to extended fasting relative to ingestion of a standardised breakfast. These trials will be applied in a randomised and counterbalanced order with 3-28 days interval except for eumenorrheic women, whose trials will be separated by 28 ± 2 days and only at least 3 and at most 10 days after the onset of menses (i.e. follicular phase) to ensure that the effects of menstrual cycle on the majority of hormones and therefore resting metabolic rate (RMR) and appetite will be both minimal and standardised between trials [69-71]. These acute trials will be conducted in our resting metabolism laboratory in accordance with current guidelines for best practice in measuring resting metabolic rate [72]. Most notably, ambient temperature in this laboratory is maintained between 20 and 25°C (with intra-individual trials standardised within 2°C) and ...
The scaling of metabolic rates to body size is widely considered to be of great biological and ecological importance, and much attention has been devoted to determining its theoretical and empirical value. Most debate centres on whether the underlying power law determining metabolic rates is 2/3 (as predicted by scaling of surface area/volume relationships) or 3/4 (Kleibers Law). Although recent evidence suggests that empirically derived exponents vary among clades with radically different metabolic strategies, such as ectotherms and endotherms, models, such as the Metabolic Theory of Ecology, depend on the assumption that there is at least a predominant, if not universal, metabolic scaling exponent. Most analyses claimed to support the predictions of general models however fail to control for phylogeny. We used phylogenetic generalised least squares models to estimate allometric slopes for both basal metabolic rates (BMR) and field metabolic rates (FMR) in mammals. Metabolic rate scaling ...
The term MET, which was used in the national recommendations for exercise, is often used to estimate energy expenditure and work rate. A MET is defined as a multiple of resting metabolic rate or energy expenditure. One MET is between 0.200 to 0.250 liters of oxygenVmin, or approximately one kcal min, depending on the weight and body type of the person. Two METS would be two times resting metabolic rate or approximately 0.5 liters 2 X 0.200 to 0.250 of oxygen min, or 2 kcal min. Likewise, 3.... ...
The question of the selection forces which initiated the evolution of endothermy in birds and mammals is one of the most intriguing in the evolutionary physiology of vertebrates. Many students regard the aerobic capacity model as the most plausible hypothesis. This paper presents an alternative model, in which the evolution of endothermy in birds and mammals was driven by two factors: (i) a selection for intense post-hatching parental care, particularly feeding offspring, and (ii) the high cost of maintaining the increased capacity of the visceral organs necessary to support high rates of total daily energy expenditures.. ...
Differences in BMRs are associated with changes in energy balance. Energy balance reflects the difference between the amount of calories one eats and the amount of calories the body uses. If a high BMR is induced by the administration of drugs, such as amphetamines, animals often have a negative energy balance which leads to weight loss. Based on such studies many people have concluded that changes in thyroid hormone levels, which lead to changes in BMR, should also cause changes in energy balance and similar changes in body weight. However, BMRs are not the whole story relating weight and thyroid. For example, when metabolic rates are reduced in animals by various means (for example by decreasing the body temperature), these animals often do not show the expected excess weight gain. Thus, the relationship between metabolic rates, energy balance, and weight changes is very complex. There are many other hormones (besides thyroid hormone), proteins, and other chemicals that are very important for ...
In allometric scaling, maximum potential life span (MPLS) is directly related to metabolic rate (MR), where MR is the recharge rate of a biomass made up of covalent bonds. That biomass (W) is subjected to deterioration over time from thermodynamic, entropic pressure. Metabolism is essentially understood as redox coupling, and has nothing to do with thermogenesis. Metabolic efficiency (ME) is then expressed as the efficiency of this coupling, a ratio of amperes[clarification needed] captured and used by biomass, to the amperes available for that purpose. MR is measured in watts, W is measured in grams. These factors are combined in a power law, an elaboration on Kleibers law relating MR to W and MPLS, that appears as MR = W^ (4ME-1)/4ME.[clarification needed] When ME is 100%, MR = W^3/4; this is popularly known as quarter power scaling, a version of allometric scaling that is premised upon unrealistic estimates of biological efficiency.. The equation reveals that as ME drops below 20%, for W , ...
My BMR: Android app (4.0 ★, 10,000+ downloads) → Calculate your daily caloric expenditure (basal metabolic rate or even basal metabolic rate) 24 hours in idle state. The...
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You can actually pump up your Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) to an even greater extent through properly performed whole body strength training - the method of training weve provided for our members over the past 20 years.. According to several classic research studiesi, strength-trained muscle requires even more calories at rest all day long. In other words, muscles that are subjected to properly performed strength training have an elevating effect on muscle tissue metabolism by an additional 3.5 calories per 1kg of muscle. In other words, by strength training you have the potential to increase the number of calories required to meet your metabolic processes at rest - from 13.2 calories to 16.5 calories per kg of muscle. Multiplied by all of your trained muscle, this means an additional 115 to 125 calories burned per day for an average-size man and woman!. The good news is that this raise in resting metabolism can be achieved through highly supervised, whole body circuit strength training or ...
Fitness. All I can say is: Ugh. I have to do something drastic on this front. My biggest issue is excess body mass, which stems from two key things: diet and exercise. Not very earth shattering, is it? Nope, but this isnt really rocket science. Our bodies are nothing more than energy processing devices. The engineer in me tends to think of the human form in terms of free body diagrams. Energy cant be created or destroyed, so what goes in the mouth that isnt used up by the body for basal metabolism needs, either comes out in the form of useful work performed or as waste, and whats left over gets stored away as fat. Its an energy balance thing, and of course there are lots of variables (e.g., efficiency of the body, types of calories consumed, etc.) but... well, like I said, its not rocket science. I hereby resolve to eat better and exercise more. I might also dedicate a couple of off-topic blog posts in the coming year to just how Im going to tackle this gorilla ...
While driving down to the in-laws to spend the holidays, we listened to several of Jimmy Moores podcast shows and one of them was a two-part Q&A with Dr. Mary C. Vernon, a physician who treats diabetes and other ailments by putting her patients on a low-carb diet. At one point, she pointed out that all diets (presuming fat loss is the objective) are high fat diets. Get it? Lets say you have 50 pounds of excess fat youd like to lose in order to get down to around 15% body fat or thereabouts. Assuming youll be successful, what does that imply? It means, necessarily, that youre going to metabolize 50 pounds of your own fat in order to accomplish your objective. So, even if you do this by means of a low-fat diet, its still high-fat, as youve got 50 pounds or 175,000 calories worth of fat to burn through. If you do it in six months, thats almost 1,000 calories of fat per day. Presuming a basal metabolism of 2,500 calories, and what you do eat is 20% fat (a low-fat diet), then youd be eating 300
While driving down to the in-laws to spend the holidays, we listened to several of Jimmy Moores podcast shows and one of them was a two-part Q&A with Dr. Mary C. Vernon, a physician who treats diabetes and other ailments by putting her patients on a low-carb diet. At one point, she pointed out that all diets (presuming fat loss is the objective) are high fat diets. Get it? Lets say you have 50 pounds of excess fat youd like to lose in order to get down to around 15% body fat or thereabouts. Assuming youll be successful, what does that imply? It means, necessarily, that youre going to metabolize 50 pounds of your own fat in order to accomplish your objective. So, even if you do this by means of a low-fat diet, its still high-fat, as youve got 50 pounds or 175,000 calories worth of fat to burn through. If you do it in six months, thats almost 1,000 calories of fat per day. Presuming a basal metabolism of 2,500 calories, and what you do eat is 20% fat (a low-fat diet), then youd be eating 300
1. Weight training tones your muscles which looks great and raises your basal metabolism ... which causes you to burn more kilojoules 24 hours-a-day. Youll even burn more kilojoules while youre sleeping. 2. Weight training can … [Read more...] ...
To produce sperm (that includes the entire delivery system - hook, line and sinker so to speak) it takes the body about 0.1 percent of energy available from basal metabolism.. Eggs cost the body a whopping 3,000 times more energy than sperm to create! That makes them expensive, rare and valuable. Eggs are the diamonds of biological evolution!. In nature that shows itself in females who, valuing their 3,000-a-pop eggs, insist on males who prove they are strong, healthy, and good providers. Granted, some of those proofing sessions end up on Animal Planet as two bulls dusting it up in the meadow, but evidence must be provided. Those females on Animal Planet dont seem the least bit interested in males who dont measure up. Neither do they care if the other females tease them about being without a mate. If they cant get the best, they will happily go without. This attitude is oddly reminiscent of a maiden aunt of mine who, when asked at a wedding shower if she regretted never marrying, ...
Before the competition, the group burned a daily average of 2,600 calories at rest, but this fell to around 2,000 calories a day when it finished. Six years later, instead of creeping back up to its normal level, their resting rate had slowed further to 1,900 calories a day. On average, the resting metabolic rate was 500 calories a day less than you would expect for the age and body composition of the person. So, the contestants had to eat less to stay at their lower weight. While researchers knew that dieting reduces the resting metabolic rate to save energy, this study shows how savagely your body subverts weight loss ...
I am going to go along with the theory that free radicals are what causes mutations, and thus aging (breaking down of the organic machine). And free radicals are caused by all the metabolic reactions that go on in a cell (mitochondria mostly in my opinion). So if you slow down the metabolilc reactions, and a basal metabolism is established (in which there are no deficiencies), then I think that the consequence would be less mutations caused by the free radicals and less aging ...
Bouchard, C., Warwick, D.E., Rice, T., Pérusse, L., Gagnon, J., Province, M.A., Leon, A.S., Rao, D.C., Skinner, J.S. & Wilmore, J.H. 1998. Familial resemblance for VO2max in the sedentary state: the HERITAGE family study. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 30: 252-258 ...
The calories in, calories out model has been shown in the research to determine what happens to your weight and body fat [1].. Whether you gain weight, lose weight or stay the same weight is dependent on balancing your energy intake against expenditure.. Much like a seesaw.. If you take in more energy than you burn off through TDEE each day, your body chooses to store the excess as fat. It converts the energy and stores it as triglycerides in your adipose cells.. But if you take in less energy than you burn off through exercise, metabolic rate, physical activity and thermic effect of food, you force those fat cells to open up.. Once you grab that extra fuel from your fat cells your body uses it to make up the difference. And over time, your fat stores get lower and lower, until finally youve got a solid set of abs and youre looking toned and athletic.. ...
Diet Soda Keto Diet Drinking on Atkins or keto? The good news, bad news and how to drink for weight loss. Low carb alcohol list: liquor, beer, wine, mixers. First Aerobics Instructor A female aerobics instructor meets a male reporter doing a story on health clubs, but it isnt love at first sight. Freestyle aerobics is an aerobics style. Strength training is the key to replacing muscle that atrophies during. you should increase your muscle mass by three pounds and your resting metabolism by 6 percent after just 10 weeks. So how should you start your strength.. Strength training is the key to replacing muscle that atrophies during inactive aging. If you commit to two 20-minutes strength training sessions a week, you should increase your muscle mass by three pounds and your resting.. Strength training is the key to replacing muscle that atrophies during. you should increase your muscle mass by three pounds and your resting metabolism by 6 percent after just 10 weeks. So how should you start your ...
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tasmania, 1997. Includes bibliographical references. Contents: Serotonin inhibition of 1-methylxanthine metabolism indicative of enhanced non-nutritive flow in muscle -- Evidence for vessels supplying septa and tendons acting as functional shunts in the perfused hindlimb -- Vasoconstrictor-mediated control of lactate metabolism -- Influence of vasoconstrictors on fat metabolism of perfused hindlimb ...
1. Intragastric feeding (40 kJ) produced a 17% rise in metabolic rate in lean Zucker rats but only an 8% increase in obese (fa/fa) rats, and both of these responses were significantly reduced by...
DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Excluding exercise other than normal, everyday activities, how many calories does a person have to consume to maintain his or her current weight?I have seen numerous references to a persons metabolic rate, but have never seen an explanation of it or the effect of a low or high metabolic rate. Does a…
Gonocephalus grandis, Rhacodactylus ciliatus, and Atheris hispida. Just some examples of scale diversity in extant reptiles.. What of the other major implication for basal fuzz in dinosaurs. Does this clinch the dinosaurs were warm-blooded argument?. Despite the wishes of some of the more vocal dino enthusiasts on the internet, this does not signal the death knell for bradymetabolic dinosaurs.. Both mammals and birds have an insulatory coat. From what we can gather, the role (or one of the roles) of this coat is to keep body temperature fairly constant. Therefore it is tempting to look at both feathery birds and fuzzy mammals and assume that a high metabolic rate (or automatic endothermy) must be associated with insulation.. However mammals and birds only represent two instances of insulation. As any statistician will tell you, two points make a line, not a pattern. What would help would be if there was at least one other group of critters that had insulation.. Well, it turns out that there ...
Small lizards can be carnivorous, herbivorous or omnivorous. Small lizards may eat a variety of insects, plants or a mixture of the two. Most lizards have a high metabolic rate and need to eat...
Fact: muscles use more calories than fat. Weight training is the type of exercising which will typically have the greatest effect on your long-term metabolic rate. By strengthening your muscles your body generates more lean muscles mass tissue, which will then increase your basal metabolic rate and allow you to burn more calories at rest.. Fueling your Body While it might sound easy to just add a couple workouts every week, thats actually not the case. Many people underestimate, especially women, how much you should be eating throughout the day. Without sufficient nutrients, cells will readjust and begin to function on smaller amounts of energy and in turn, store more fat. Under eating will slow your metabolism down. Proper nutrition along with weight training is key in optimizing your metabolic rate. Eating larger, balanced meals with the right amounts of protein, carbohydrate and fat keeps your blood sugar stable, reduces cravings and keeps your bodys energy supply constant steadily ...
Below is a list of non-native marine fish species observed or collected in Florida. Each species is linked to a fact sheet with information on identification, biology and ecology. Maps indicate species occurrences linked to USGS-NAS data, which is available for download. Data may be downloaded directly from the map page of a particular species or you can contact Dr. Pam Schofield directly with... ...
Health, ...CHAPEL HILL N.C. It is not unusual to hear people blame their metabo...In fact differences in metabolic rates are known to exist between nor...The finding which will appear in the February 19 issue of the journal... We have discovered an entirely new layer of control of metabolism s...,Chemical,tags,likely,to,affect,metabolism,,cancer,development,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cytokine Stimulation of Energy Expenditure through p38 MAP Kinase Activation of PPARγ Coactivator-1. AU - Puigserver, Pere. AU - Rhee, James. AU - Lin, Jiandie. AU - Wu, Zhidan. AU - Yoon, J. Cliff. AU - Zhang, Chen Yu. AU - Krauss, Stefan. AU - Mootha, Vamsi K.. AU - Lowell, Bradford B.. AU - Spiegelman, Bruce M.. PY - 2001/11/21. Y1 - 2001/11/21. N2 - Cachexia is a chronic state of negative energy balance and muscle wasting that is a severe complication of cancer and chronic infection. While cytokines such as IL-1α, IL-1β, and TNFα can mediate cachectic states, how these molecules affect energy expenditure is unknown. We show here that many cytokines activate the transcriptional PPAR gamma coactivator-1 (PGC-1) through phosphorylation by p38 kinase, resulting in stabilization and activation of PGC-1 protein. Cytokine or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation of PGC-1 in cultured muscle cells or muscle in vivo causes increased respiration and expression of genes linked ...
Roll on more tour posts! Following the pre-Stage 15 prediction, we will keep the posts coming as thick and fast as the attacks we have seen in Le Tour the past couple of days. In this short post we will get into what it takes to fuel a cyclist through a stage race like Le Tour, and this will serve as a spring board to talk more in the future about exercise metabolism and all its implications. So we all know that the energy demands placed on tour riders are pretty astronomical, but lets think about the basic energy needs of a 75 kg cyclist. His resting metabolic rate, or the amount of energy he requires to sit there the whole day and not do anything, probably clocks in at around 1500-1800 calories, depending on his body mass. That is the amount of energy he requires just to keep his body alive and functioning.. Before we delve into energy requirements, it is first important to remember that the cost of moving your body through space is a function of the distance, and not the speed at which you ...
We now know that obesity is a problem. The pot belly is a house of disease. Obesity and high blood pressure go hand in hand. So do obesity and diabetes and obesity and coronary heart disease (chest pain and heart attack). Losing weight is the need of the hour. Weight loss is no more a goal for mere good looks. It is essential if one wants to lead a healthy life. Diet is the key to weight loss. I have written on diet and weight loss, the pot belly and the evils of sugar. For some people, diet alone may not be enough. Their basal metabolic rate (B.M.R) is so low that changes in food habits are not enough to bring about the weight loss. In simple words they are just not burning enough calories. The fat burning engines of their body have gone to sleep. Exercise is the only way to increase their metabolic rate. All of us think of walking when we are considering exercise. We feel it is the best exercise to do the job. In fact it is the first exercise that comes to our mind. Many of us have taken up ...
Regular mealtime protein optimizes your basal metabolic rate and allows you the building block amino acids to build and maintain more muscle mass. More muscle means higher metabolic rates. This means you can get away with eating a bit more without putting on body fat. I like the idea of meal replacements to optimize and maintain your weight . It has worked for me personally and I know using the R90 program and now the recently available TR 90 program folks can make a big dent in getting their weight optimized. Earlier this year I had blogged about the dramatic benefits noted in a trial looking at managing Obesity In The Setting of Atrial Fibrillation. By using an aggressive up front meal replacement program combined with dietary counseling the treatment group had a dramatic improved weight measured 15 months (over a year past the study start). Now for the recipes: I keep many of the ingredients in the freezer if I cant keep up with the purchased quantity to avoid spoilage. Remember if you are ...
According to the report of the International Association for the Study of Obesity (34), the PA level that was defined as the ratio of average daily metabolic rate to resting metabolic rate ranged from 1.5-1.6 for men and 1.4-1.5 for women in sedentary groups. Additionally, in general, the minimum PA volume for avoiding a sedentary lifestyle was indicated to be 30 min of daily activity at 3 METs of intensity (34). In the studies in the current meta-analysis, the mean PA dose in the lowest group was at most 30 MET-h/day in terms of EE (i.e., 1.25 [= 30/24] in the PA level unit) or 30 min/day of LTPA. Therefore, these PA levels can be considered to represent inactivity. The results of the current meta-analysis can be interpreted to indicate that a high PA in patients with diabetes was associated with a 40 and 29% lower risk of ACM and CVD, respectively, in comparison with inactivity, although definitions of high PA varied among studies. In comparison with other lifestyle factors, these values ...
Body Composition Monitor, HBF-212 offers a unique monitoring report comprehensively measuring vital body signs like body weight, body fat and basal metabolic rate which directly indicates the healthiness quotient. Most monitors measuring body counters neglect the relation between body fat and heart functions.. ...
Basal metabolism[change , change source]. Basal metabolism is usually by far the largest component of total energy used. The ... Metabolic rate is the rate of metabolism, the amount of energy used by an animal per unit of time. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) ... Energy metabolism as related to body size and respiratory surfaces, and its evolution. Rep. Steno. Mem. Hosp. 9, 1-110. ... On a log-log scale, the metabolism of mammals as related to their body size forms a straight line with a slope of about 0.75. ...
"A Biometric Study of Human Basal Metabolism". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 4 (12): 370-3. Bibcode:1918PNAS....4..370H. doi:10.1073/ ... The total energy radiated in one day is about 8 MJ, or 2000 kcal (food calories). Basal metabolic rate for a 40-year-old male ... However, the mean metabolic rate of sedentary adults is about 50% to 70% greater than their basal rate.[40] ...
... faster basal metabolism; loss of body hair; evolution of sweat glands; a change in the shape of the dental arcade from being u- ... Other similar basal primates were widespread in Eurasia and Africa during the tropical conditions of the Paleocene and Eocene. ... as well as changes in metabolism due to changes in diet, such as lactase persistence. Culturally-driven evolution can defy the ... "Effects of brain evolution on human nutrition and metabolism". Annual Review of Nutrition. 27: 311-327. doi:10.1146/annurev. ...
On the Utility of Uniformity in the Definition of Basal Rate of Metabolism. Physiol. Zool. Vol.70; 718-720. Speakman, J.R., ... Sanborn M.S., Frank B (1922). Basal metabolism: its determination and application. p. 20. Retrieved 21 March 2016. CS1 maint: ... RMR differs from basal metabolic rate (BMR) because BMR measurements must meet total physiological equilibrium whereas RMR ... Resting metabolic rate (RMR) is whole-body mammal (and other vertebrate) metabolism during a time period of strict and steady ...
New tests of basal metabolism, 1935. Adjustment temperature and ground level, 1937. Outdoor temperature and heat transfer in ...
A Biometric Study of Basal Metabolism in Man. J. Arthur Harris and Francis G. Benedict. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution, ... Food energy Basal metabolic rate Resting metabolic rate Harris JA, Benedict FG (1918). "A Biometric Study of Human Basal ... which was published in 1919 by the Carnegie Institution of Washington in the monograph A Biometric Study Of Basal Metabolism In ... The Harris-Benedict equation (also called the Harris-Benedict principle) is a method used to estimate an individual's basal ...
"The influence of physical work on the basal metabolism" PhD, University of Chicago, 1928. Dissertation: "Studies on the ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) The influence of physical work on the basal metabolism : graduation thesis in candidacy ... I. Exercise and basal metabolism in dogs ... OCLC 40202690. https://libcat.uchicago.edu Archived August 15, 2013, at the ... Thesis: "The influence of exercise on the basal metabolic rate" and Crerar Library, University of Chicago, record Master of ...
Thus, basal metabolism is no a pure power law anymore but the weighted sum of two. This evolutive tradeoff can explain several ... This leads to the idea that thermogenesis is part of metabolism, Kleiber's original treatment, and rules out that metabolism is ... Dodds, P. S.; Rothman, D. H.; Weitz, J. S. (2001). "Re-examination of the 3/4 law of metabolism". J. Theor. Biol. 209: 9-27. ... Concepts of efficiency in the use of energy by the metabolism[edit]. This limit to blood flow considerations is problematic ...
First, during nutrient starvation, a reduction of basal metabolism takes place. The gut tissues are the first tissues to be ... an increase in feeding enables more dietary protein and energy to be contributed for tissue growth instead of basal metabolism ... though it is clear that in some animals the endocrine system is involved in the metabolism and nutrient partitioning in the ...
Magnus-Levy, Adolf (1942-04-18). "Basal metabolism in the same person after an interval of fifty years". JAMA: The Journal of ... Metabolism and Practical Medicine. Volume I. The Physiology of Metabolism. (1907). ... Among his studies on basal metabolic rate, he found that his own BMR had declined by 10% from the age of 26 to 76. Magnus-Levy ... Here he worked on the use of isotopes for studying human metabolism. In later life, he wrote on the history of medicine in ...
... they have a higher basal metabolism comparing to the other leaves. Xerophyte Thermophyte Hydrophyte Halophyte Sofradžija A., ... metabolism). Solar plants, for example, are mullein, ling, thyme and soft velcro, white clover, and most roses. They are common ...
In humans, the hypothalamus regulates metabolism, and hence the basal metabolic rate. Amongst its functions is the regulation ... The lowest normal temperature of a mammal, the basal body temperature, is achieved during sleep. In women, it is affected by ... whereas hypothermia is a condition in which the body's core temperature drops below that required for normal metabolism, and ...
DuBois mapped out basal metabolism for aging men, which he published in 1916. The Aub-DuBois table is still in use today. He ... DuBois thought his "chief contribution was popularizing the simple, fundamental principles of metabolism in disease so that ...
Most vertebrate species devote between 2% and 8% of basal metabolism to the brain. In primates, however, the percentage is much ... The basal ganglia are the central site at which decisions are made: the basal ganglia exert a sustained inhibitory control over ... The basal ganglia are a group of interconnected structures in the forebrain. The primary function of the basal ganglia appears ... All vertebrates have a blood-brain barrier that allows metabolism inside the brain to operate differently from metabolism in ...
Normal human metabolism produces heat at a basal metabolic rate of around 80 watts. During a bicycle race, an elite cyclist can ...
Arends, A; Bonaccorso, FJ; Genoud, M (1995). "Basal rates of metabolism of nectarivorous bats (Phyllostomidae) from a semiarid ... The basal body temperature ranges between 36.7-37.3 °C (98.1-99.1 °F) throughout the luteal phase, and drops down to pre- ... The effect of too extreme a cold is to decrease metabolism, and hence to lessen the production of heat. Both catabolic and ... However, too high a temperature speeds up the metabolism of different tissues to such a rate that their metabolic capital is ...
doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2008.01923.x. Arends, Alexis; Bonaccorso, Frank J.; Genoud, Michel (1995). "Basal Rates of Metabolism ... The evolution of endothermy is directly linked to the selection for high levels of activity sustained by aerobic metabolism. ...
"Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism. 9 (3): 69-79. doi:10.1177/2042018817752315. PMC 5813858. PMID 29492243.. ... "The role of basal insulin and GLP-1 receptor agonist combination products in the management of type 2 diabetes". Therapeutic ... Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism. 9 (5): 151-155. doi:10.1177/2042018818763698. PMC 5958427. PMID 29796245.. ... "A review of the new GLP-1 receptor agonist/basal insulin fixed-ratio combination products" ...
Lean muscle is the driver of basal energy metabolism and aids in the use of energy. When sufficient levels of fat are provided ... "Vitamin D metabolism in dogs and cats and its relation to diseases not associated with bone metabolism". Journal of Animal ... This difference in metabolism is due to very low levels of activity of the enzyme B-carotene 15, 15' dioxygenase in feline ... Lipid metabolism is also a major contributor of free radicals, leading to an increased dietary requirement of vitamin E as the ...
Hence any limits that affect the scaling of basal metabolic rate would in fact make elevated metabolism - and hence all animal ... Basal metabolic rate is then the convex combination of these two effects: if the proportion of useful work is f, then the basal ... Dodds PS, Rothman DH, Weitz JS (March 2001). "Re-examination of the "3/4-law" of metabolism". Journal of Theoretical Biology. ... In most organisms, metabolism is supported by a circulatory system featuring branching tubules (i.e., plant vascular systems, ...
Arends, A; Bonaccorso, FJ; Genoud, M (1995). "Basal rates of metabolism of nectarivorous bats (Phyllostomidae) from a semiarid ... The basal body temperature ranges between 36.7-37.3 °C (98.1-99.1 °F) throughout the luteal phase, and drops down to pre- ... The effect of too extreme a cold is to decrease metabolism, and hence to lessen the production of heat. Both catabolic and ... During the follicular phase (which lasts from the first day of menstruation until the day of ovulation), the average basal body ...
... of basal metabolism to the brain. In primates, however, the percentage is much higher-in humans it rises to 20-25%.[76] The ... The basal ganglia are a group of interconnected structures in the forebrain. The primary function of the basal ganglia appears ... Metabolism. All vertebrates have a blood-brain barrier that allows metabolism inside the brain to operate differently from ... at the heart of which lie the basal ganglia, a set of interconnected areas at the base of the forebrain.[47] The basal ganglia ...
It may also present with mild fever and night sweats due to an elevated basal level of metabolism. Some (. 10 × 109/L), ...
Laborit's ideas on anesthesia included potentiated anaesthesia, lowering basal metabolism and lowering body temperature (so- ...
They have a basal rate metabolism of only 74% of what is expected for a mammal of its size. Black-bellied fruit bats may enter ...
Basal Metabolism (1926) Physics in Physiology In 1926 he married Elizabeth Mary Bedale, who had worked as his assistant. they ...
"Basal Metabolism" "Let's Kiss and Make Up" - from Funny Face "He Loves and She Loves" - from Funny Face "Bonjour, Paris! ( ...
Pisculli was to take blood samples during the flight, and the basal metabolism tests would have been repeated on arrival in ... For the purpose of the first study, the three crew members underwent pre-flight physical examinations, basal metabolism tests, ...
A treadmill desk is not intended to provide aerobic exercise, but rather to keep the user's metabolism over the basal metabolic ...
The base or basal species in a food web are those species without prey and can include autotrophs or saprophytic detritivores ( ... basic to metabolism."[28]:1230-1231 The units in energy flow webs are typically a measure mass or energy per m2 per unit time. ... Basal species, such as plants, form the first level and are the resource limited species that feed on no other living creature ... Basal species can be autotrophs or detritivores, including "decomposing organic material and its associated microorganisms ...
The prevalence of hypertension, and abnormalities in glucose metabolism are major predictors of mortality and morbidity in ... A basal central:peripheral ratio of over 3:1 when CRH is administered is indicative of Cushing's disease.[7] This test has been ... Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 86 (1): 117-123. doi:10.1210/jcem.86.1.7093. PMID 11231987.. ...
These free radicals likely interfere with the bacterium's metabolism and ability to make proteins.[79][80] Additionally, ... Current Drug Metabolism (Review). 16 (4): 245-54. doi:10.2174/1389200216666150812124801. PMID 26264195.. ...
The nitrogen metabolism of Picea glauca (Moench) Voss and Pinus banksiana Lamb. as influenced by mineral nutrition. Can. J. Bot ... basal). *Streptofilum. *Klebsormidiophyceae. Phragmo-. plastophyta. Charophytes. (non-basal). *Charophyceae. * ...
... the low basal metabolism makes body temperature drop rapidly when the animal is inactive. ... MetabolismEdit. Sustained energy output (joules) of a typical reptile versus a similar size mammal as a function of core body ... Garnett, S. T. (2009). "Metabolism and survival of fasting Estuarine crocodiles". Journal of Zoology. 4 (208): 493-502. doi: ... Digestion is slower than in mammals, reflecting their lower resting metabolism and their inability to divide and masticate ...
Metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene yielding the carcinogenic benzo[a]pyren-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide. ... "Basal and inducible CYP1 mRNA quantitation and protein localization throughout the mouse gastrointestinal tract". Free Radic ... Properly speaking, BaP is a procarcinogen, meaning that its mechanism of carcinogenesis depends on its enzymatic metabolism to ... "Metabolism of Benzo[a]pyrene in Human Bronchoalveolar H358 Cells Using Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry". Chem. Res. ...
Rats that have been prenatally stressed have elevated basal levels and abnormal circadian rhythm of corticosterone as adults.[ ... Metabolism. *Blood sugar regulation. *Calcium metabolism. Fields. *Neuroendocrinology. *Pediatric endocrinology. * ...
This cluster of RNA polymerase II and various transcription factors is known as the basal transcriptional complex (BTC). In ... Genes containing the TATA-box tend to be involved in stress-responses and certain types of metabolism and are more highly ... Core promoter-specific mechanisms for transcription initiation by the canonical TBP/TFIID-dependent basal transcription ...
del Río LA, Sandalio LM, Palma JM, Bueno P, Corpas FJ (Nov 1992). "Metabolism of oxygen radicals in peroxisomes and cellular ... "A glucosinolate metabolism pathway in living plant cells mediates broad-spectrum antifungal defense". Science. 323 (5910): 101- ... which is important for energy metabolism.[4] It is vigorously debated whether peroxisomes are involved in isoprenoid and ...
"The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 98 (5): 1860-2. doi:10.1210/jc.2013-1624. PMC 3644595. PMID 23650337.. ... PTCH1 (Nevoid basal-cell carcinoma syndrome). *BMPR1A (BMPR1A juvenile polyposis syndrome). *IL2RG (X-linked severe combined ... "The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 99 (3): 861-70. doi:10.1210/jc.2013-2809. PMC 3942233. PMID 24423288.. ... "Endocrinology and Metabolism. 30 (4): 456-66. doi:10.3803/EnM.2015.30.4.456. PMC 4722398. PMID 26790381.. ...
Other RNA metabolism genes associated with ALS include ANG, SETX, and MATR3.[10] ...
The adrenal medulla affects energy availability, heart rate, and basal metabolic rate. Recent research indicates that the ... and increased metabolism, all of which are characteristic of the fight-or-flight response.[1] Release of catecholamines is ...
... is essential for basal homeostasis; it is also extremely important in maintaining muscle homeostasis during physical ... these mice illustrated a decrease in endurance and an altered glucose metabolism during acute exercise.[71] ... with a knock-in mutation of BCL2 phosphorylation sites to produce progeny that showed normal levels of basal autophagy yet were ...
2004). "Basal Avialae". In Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; Osmólska, Halszka. The Dinosauria (Second ed.). Berkeley: ... speeded up when they acquired the ability to transform oxygen from a poison to a powerful source of energy in their metabolism ... "Burrowing below the basal Cambrian GSSP, Fortune Head, Newfoundland". Geological Magazine. 138 (2): 213-218. Bibcode:2001GeoM ... "Burrowing below the basal Cambrian GSSP, Fortune Head, Newfoundland". Geological Magazine. 138 (2): 213-218. Bibcode:2001GeoM ...
... is essential for basal homeostasis; it is also extremely important in maintaining muscle homeostasis during physical ... these mice illustrated a decrease in endurance and an altered glucose metabolism during acute exercise.[80] ... with a knock-in mutation of BCL2 phosphorylation sites to produce progeny that showed normal levels of basal autophagy yet were ... "Regulation of lipid stores and metabolism by lipophagy". Cell Death and Differentiation. 20 (1): 3-11. doi:10.1038/cdd.2012.63 ...
Four types of agar plate demonstrating differential growth depending on bacterial metabolism ... An undefined medium (also known as a basal or complex medium) contains: *a carbon source such as glucose ...
Some sleep disorders have been found to compromise glucose metabolism.[20]. Allergy treatment[edit]. Histamine plays a role in ...
Other common molecular features in ALS patients are altered RNA metabolism[43] and general histone hypoacetylation.[44] ... Alpha motor neurons are derived from the basal plate (basal lamina).. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive ...
It also maintains protein metabolism in its synthesis and degradation. In lipid metabolism it synthesises cholesterol. Fats are ... Also of help in the action of peristalsis is the basal electrical rhythm that determines the frequency of contractions.[35] The ... Cummings, JH; Macfarlane, GT (November 1997). "Role of intestinal bacteria in nutrient metabolism". JPEN. Journal of Parenteral ... and is an accessory digestive gland which plays a role in the body's metabolism. The liver has many functions some of which are ...
Sims NR, Muyderman H (September 2009). "Mitochondria, oxidative metabolism and cell death in stroke". Biochimica et Biophysica ... serta menginduksi lintasan lipohialinosis di pembuluh ganglia basal, hingga menyebabkankan infark lakunar atau pendarahan otak. ... and Metabolism Council; and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group". American Heart ... bersamaan dengan degradasi lamina basal di dinding pembuluhnya. Oleh sebab itu, pada kondisi akut, stroke akan meningkatkan ...
Metabolism. Primarily: MAO-B[3][4][5]. Other enzymes: MAO-A,[5][6] SSAOs (AOC2 & AOC3),[5][7] PNMT,[3][4][5] AANAT,[5] FMO3,[8] ... they could act on presynaptic TAARs to alter basal activity (Miller, 2011). ... As reported for TAAR1 in HEK cells (Bunzow et ... Metabolism. Primarily: MAO-B[3][4][5]. Other enzymes: MAO-A,[5][6] SSAOs (AOC2 & AOC3),[5][7] PNMT,[3][4][5] AANAT,[5] FMO3,[8] ... TMAO is generated from trimethylamine (TMA) via metabolism by hepatic flavin-containing monooxygenase isoform 3 (FMO3). ... ...
A key point when looking at the common ostrich metabolism is to note that it is a non-passerine bird. Thus, BMR in ostriches is ... This level of expenditure is better known as the basal metabolic rate (BMR), and can be calculated by measuring the amount of ... Metabolism. Common ostriches are able to attain their necessary energetic requirements via the oxidation of absorbed nutrients ... The end-product of catabolism of protein metabolism in animals is nitrogen.[64] Animals must excrete this in the form of ...
Inborn errors of metabolism. References[edit]. *^ Chambliss, K. L.; Hinson, D. D.; Trettel, F.; Malaspina, P.; Novelletto, A.; ... Ultimately, because the globus pallidus is intimately linked with the basal ganglia and thalamus, it would be expected that ... Pearl, P. L.; Gibson, K. M. (Apr 2004). "Clinical aspects of the disorders of GABA metabolism in children". Current Opinion in ... Glutamine metabolism may also play a role in the pathophysiology of SSADH deficiency. The major ionotropic glutamine receptors ...
... breweriana had a basal position, followed by P. sitchensis,[6] and the other species were further divided into three clades, ... genome assemblies and annotation of large gene families of conifer terpenoid and phenolic defense metabolism". The Plant ...
Dawson, T.J.; Grant, T.R.; Fanning, D. (1979). "Standard Metabolism of Monotremes and the Evolution of Homeothermy". Australian ... but are now considered more basal taxa.[72] The fossilised Steropodon was discovered in New South Wales and is composed of an ...
In the case of Leigh disease, crucial cells in the brain stem and basal ganglia are affected. This causes a chronic lack of ... A mitochondrial metabolism disease characterized by progressive loss of mental and movement abilities. ... Dystonia, nystagmus, and problems with the autonomic nervous system suggest damage to the basal ganglia and brain stem ... When hyperbilirubinemia is not treated with phototherapy, the bilirubin can accumulate in the basal ganglia and cause lesions ...
Cheney, PD (1997). "Pathophysiology of the corticospinal system and basal ganglia in cerebral palsy". Mental Retardation and ... A metabolism disorder or tumors in the nervous system may appear to be CP; metabolic disorders, in particular, can produce ... is primarily associated with damage to the basal ganglia in the form of lesions that occur during brain development due to ...
... and they must deal with the accumulation of lactic acid due to anaerobic metabolism.[1] Beaked whales have several anatomical ... Basal forms *Genus †Aporotus. *Genus †Beneziphius. *Genus †Chavinziphius. *Genus †Chimuziphius. *Genus †Choneziphius ...
Endocrinology and Metabolism. 282 (1): E132-E138. PMID 11739093.. *^ "Concept II Rowing Ergometer, user manual" (PDF). 1993. ... Commands are routed though the basal ganglia and are modified by input from the cerebellum before being relayed through the ... Deeper muscles such as those involved in posture often are controlled from nuclei in the brain stem and basal ganglia. ... metabolism. 7 (4): 406-13. PMID 15955127. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1326.2004.00410.x.. ...
basal part of cell. • endocytic vesicle. • extracellular region. • cell surface. • basal plasma membrane. • extrinsic component ... The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 86 (4): 1806-13. doi:10.1210/jcem.86.4.7380. PMID 11297622.. ...
Basal Metabolism in Hypopituitarism. Br Med J 1952; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.4784.613 (Published 13 September 1952) ...
Types of basal metabolism. Depending on how we "burn"calories, we can define the basal metabolism as:. * "Normal" basal ... BASAL METABOLISM DEFINITION. What is basal metabolism?. The amount of energy consumed by a person at rest is known as basal ... Factors that determine basal metabolism. The basal metabolic rate tends to depend on genetic factors. Heredity determines in ... basal Metabolism: the body at rest has a higher caloric expenditure than would be normal. People with this type of metabolism ...
BMR calculator calculates your basal metabolic rate is the number of calories required to keep your body functioning at rest, ... BMR is short for Basal Metabolic Rate Your Basal Metabolic Rate is the number of calories required to keep your body ... functioning at rest, also known as your metabolism. What affects my BMR? Anything that results in an increase to your metabolic ...
Basal metabolism only refers to the basic, or least, amount of energy your body needs to survive when youre resting. It does ... Metabolism comprises everything that goes on inside your body to maintain and build tissues, produce energy and ensure you stay ... Basal Metabolism. Think of basal metabolism as the number of calories your body burns for energy even when youre sleeping. ... Factors Affecting Basal Metabolism. Several factors influence your basal metabolism. Some people have a higher metabolic rate ...
... and four-year-old children under standard basal metabolism conditions and during periods of quiet play,. [Elda Robb] ... metabolism> # Basal Metabolism a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Basal Metabolism"@en ;. . ... schema:about basal_metabolism> ; # Basal Metabolism schema: ... Add tags for "The energy requirement of normal three- and four-year-old children under standard basal metabolism conditions and ...
... the correlation between bone metabolism and basal metabolism seems to be dependent on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) ... the correlation between bone metabolism and basal metabolism seems to be dependent on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) ... Bone, basal metabolism link depends on vitamin D level. April 5, 2017 ... "Restoration of vitamin D level may be a prerequisite for a normal correlation between bone and basal metabolism in T2DMPW," the ...
In addition, transcripts of genes involved in starch metabolism such as SEX1 (glucan water dikinase) and SEX4 (phosphoglucan ... Plasma membranes from transgenic Arabidopsis expressing HsPIPKIα had 2-3 fold higher PIP5K specific activity, and basal InsP3 ... Our results reveal that increasing the phosphoinositide (PI) pathway affects chloroplast carbon metabolism and suggest that ... InsP3 is one component of an inter-organelle signaling network regulating chloroplast metabolism. ...
Buy the Paperback Book A Biometric Study of Basal Metabolism in Man - Primary Source Edition by James Arthur Harris at Indigo. ...
We therefore studied pancreatic beta-cell function in vitro to characterize the relative importance of fuel metabolism or ... The biochemical mechanisms responsible for basal hyperinsulinemia in insulin-resistant states have not been fully defined. ... Basal insulin hypersecretion in insulin-resistant Zucker diabetic and Zucker fatty rats: role of enhanced fuel metabolism ... Thus, basal hypersecretion in these two insulin-resistant models appears to be related to enhanced fuel metabolism rather than ...
The trick is to figure out how fast or slow your metabolism is -- thats called your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) -- and then ... BMR is an important piece of how to work with your metabolism to lose weight because it measures how many calories you burn ...
Proximal tubule-specific glutamine synthetase deletion alters basal and acidosis-stimulated ammonia metabolism. Hyun-Wook Lee, ... This studys purpose was to determine the role of proximal tubule glutamine synthetase in ammonia metabolism under basal ... Proximal tubule-specific glutamine synthetase deletion alters basal and acidosis-stimulated ammonia metabolism ... Proximal tubule-specific glutamine synthetase deletion alters basal and acidosis-stimulated ammonia metabolism ...
The average for the whole series is a rise of 0.3°F. 5. With regard to basal metabolism, two sharply marked types of behaviour ... From the combined study of 21 women in the basal state, the following conclusions may be drawn: 1. The weight tends to decrease ... Both series show a greater rise in temperature in the tropics in those women whose metabolism does not change. Both series also ... Eight, or 38 per cent of these 21 women, showed no significant change in metabolism. Thirteen, or 62 per cent showed a distinct ...
... treatment on basal metabolism rate in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Methods: Demographic ... between basal metabolism rate and the severity of OSAS and it is possible to provide significant reduction in basal metabolism ... Basal metabolism rate was measured via indirect calorimetry in the morning following the nights of polysomnography and CPAP ... A significant reduction in the basal metabolism rate (p=0.049), VO2 (p=0.042) and VCO2 (p=0.008) values were observed after ...
Genoud, Michel; Isler, Karin; Martin, Robert D (2018). Comparative analyses of basal rate of metabolism in mammals: data ... Basal rate of metabolism (BMR) is a physiological parameter that should be measured under strictly defined experimental ... Basal rate of metabolism (BMR) is a physiological parameter that should be measured under strictly defined experimental ... Comparative analyses of basal rate of metabolism in mammals: data selection does matter ...
Exposure to inorganic arsenic increases the risk of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Arsenic metabolism is a susceptibility factor ... Exposure to inorganic arsenic increases the risk of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Arsenic metabolism is a susceptibility factor ... Genetic variation in arsenic (+3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT), arsenic metabolism and risk of basal cell ... The fact that AS3MT haplotype status modified arsenic metabolism, and in turn the arsenic-related BCC risk, supports a causal ...
Effects of suppression of circulating fatty acid levels using acipimox on basal and insulin induced glucose metabolism in obese ... Effects of suppression of circulating fatty acid levels using acipimox on basal and insulin induced glucose metabolism in obese ... Effects of suppression of circulating fatty acid levels using acipimox on basal and insulin induced glucose metabolism in obese ...
Coffee and tea consumption in relation to inflammation and basal glucose metabolism in a multi-ethnic Asian population: a cross ... but found no evidence for an association between tea consumption and basal glucose metabolism. ... The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between habitual coffee and tea consumption and glucose metabolism in a ... Apart from its anti-inflammatory effects, phenolic compounds in coffee have been postulated to affect glucose metabolism ...
pet/ct scan of brain shown bilateral temporal(more severe on left side)parietal, thalami & basal ganglia hypo metabolism.what ... I had a CT scan of my brain..The results read i had small lucunar infarct left basal ganglia small vessel ischemic disease... ... Calcification (buildup) of the basal ganglia or anywhere in the brain is a healing process for an injury, whether the cause is ... I just read report and it said Bilateral basal ganglia calcification/mineralization is noted. What does that mean? I am 42 and ...
THE RELATION OF HEART WEIGHT TO THE BASAL METABOLISM AS VARIED BY THYROID ADMINISTRATION Francis M. Smith Francis M. Smith ... Francis M. Smith, Eaton M. MacKay; THE RELATION OF HEART WEIGHT TO THE BASAL METABOLISM AS VARIED BY THYROID ADMINISTRATION . J ... It is suggested that this increase in heart weight which follows the increase in metabolism after thyroid is in the nature of a ... A linear relationship exists in the albino rat between the heart weight and the basal metabolic rate when varied by the ...
Behavior of the basal metabolism after i.p. injection of serotonin in normal and pregnant rats at 20 C in the daytime]. by ... Behavior of the basal metabolism after i.p. injection of serotonin in normal and pregnant rats at 20 C in the daytime].. @ ... article{Brizzi1987BehaviorOT, title={[Behavior of the basal metabolism after i.p. injection of serotonin in normal and pregnant ... Disorders of Dopamine & Disorders of Dopamine & Serotonin Metabolism Serotonin Metabolism. Simon Heales • Oct 06, 2016 ...
Moro, T., Tinsley, G., Bianco, A. et al. Effects of eight weeks of time-restricted feeding (16/8) on basal metabolism, maximal ... Effects of eight weeks of time-restricted feeding (16/8) on basal metabolism, maximal strength, body composition, inflammation ... Table 2 Diet composition and macronutrients distribution at basal level and during the experimental period in both groups. Full ... Effects of modified alternate-day fasting regimens on adipocyte size, triglyceride metabolism, and plasma adiponectin levels in ...
Whole body and forearm substrate metabolism in hyperthyroidism: Evidence of increased basal muscle protein breakdown. American ... Whole body and forearm substrate metabolism in hyperthyroidism : Evidence of increased basal muscle protein breakdown. In: ... Whole body and forearm substrate metabolism in hyperthyroidism : Evidence of increased basal muscle protein breakdown. / Riis, ... T1 - Whole body and forearm substrate metabolism in hyperthyroidism. T2 - Evidence of increased basal muscle protein breakdown ...
Aberrant basal ganglia metabolism in fragile X syndrome: a magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. ... Mayer D, Zahr NM, Sullivan EV, Pfefferbaum A: In vivo metabolite differences between the basal ganglia and cerebellum of the ... metabolism. Furthermore, sex differences or medication usage may have obscured the relationship between cognitive/behavioral ... because its concentration remains stable regardless of changes in energy metabolism or disease progression [51], although ...
Whole body glucose turnover and hepatic glucose production rates are measured at basal state using an intravenous infusion of ...
What does basal metabolism do?. Basal Metabolic Rate is the number of calories your body burns each day to perform its basic, ... How does basal metabolism affect energy balance?. The basal metabolic rate accounts for most of our energy needs, about 60-75% ... Metabolism is measured by determining how much oxygen your body consumes over a specific amount of time. Basal metabolic rate ( ... Is it good to have a high basal metabolic rate?. "A higher BMR means you need to burn more calories to sustain yourself ...
This BMR chart shows you how much your metabolism slows with aging. Only one scientifically proven method will quickly increase ... Basal Metabolic Rate: How To Increase Metabolism Fast. Superfoodly. September 21, 2017. ... Why is my metabolism so slow? (That can be true!). Now it is 100% true that your metabolism can be dramatically slower than the ... I like this article and its possibly the best one Ive read on metabolism. Ive been lucky to have kept my metabolism ...
... basal metabolism explanation free. What is basal metabolism? Meaning of basal metabolism medical term. What does basal ... Looking for online definition of basal metabolism in the Medical Dictionary? ... Basal metabolism and creatnine excretion in different physiological groups.. Basal Metabolism in pregnant and nursing women and ... Basal metabolism , definition of basal metabolism by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/basal+ ...
Basal metabolism[change , change source]. Basal metabolism is usually by far the largest component of total energy used. The ... Metabolic rate is the rate of metabolism, the amount of energy used by an animal per unit of time. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) ... Energy metabolism as related to body size and respiratory surfaces, and its evolution. Rep. Steno. Mem. Hosp. 9, 1-110. ... On a log-log scale, the metabolism of mammals as related to their body size forms a straight line with a slope of about 0.75. ...
Basal and insulin-mediated glucose metabolism. Whole-body peripheral insulin sensitivity measured by the clamp technique was ... Glucose and insulin metabolism during the metabolic profiles. As shown in Table 3 and Fig. 1, fasting plasma glucose level fell ... McGarry J: Banting Lecture 2001: Dysregulation of fatty acid metabolism in the etiology of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes 51:7-18, ... Groop LC, Bonadonna RC, DelPrato S, Ratheiser K, Zyck K, Ferrannini E, DeFronzo RA: Glucose and free fatty acid metabolism in ...
With this wonderful software you can obtain very quickly the essential values ​​of your metabolism to be able to correctly ... 10 Suplementos has created this fantastic program so that you can get quickly and easily what your basal metabolism and what ... 10 Suplementos has created this fantastic program so that you can get quickly and easily what your basal metabolism and what ... Just enter your age, sex, height, weight and daily activity and you will automatically get your metabolism at rest and what ...
  • American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism , 288 (6 51-6). (elsevier.com)
  • American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism , Vol. 288, No. 6 51-6, 06.2005. (elsevier.com)
  • Exercise physiology textbooks have tables to show the conversion of height and body surface area as they relate to weight and basal metabolic values. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basal Energy Expenditure (BEE) and Resting Energy Expenditure (REE) are synonyms talking about the same thing (well technically, something quite close to it). (superfoodly.com)
  • 10 Suplementos has created this fantastic program so that you can get quickly and easily what your basal metabolism and what your total energy expenditure daily counting in calories. (banana-soft.com)
  • Just enter your age, sex, height, weight and daily activity and you will automatically get your metabolism at rest and what your daily energy expenditure. (banana-soft.com)
  • A single bout of high-intensity interval aerobic exercise has been shown to produce the same or greater metabolic benefits as continuous endurance exercise with considerably less energy expenditure, but whether this applies to very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) metabolism is not known. (edu.au)
  • The analysis of Basal Metabolic Rate measurements and the Daily Energy Expenditure in vertebrates. (rug.nl)
  • Basal metabolic rate ( BMR ) is the rate of energy expenditure per unit time by endothermic animals at rest. (wikipedia.org)
  • The basal metabolic rate accounts for about 60 to 75% of the daily calorie expenditure by individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basal metabolism is usually by far the largest component of total caloric expenditure. (wikipedia.org)
  • pet/ct scan of brain shown bilateral temporal(more severe on left side)parietal, thalami & basal ganglia hypo metabolism.what does it mean, pl advice. (healthtap.com)
  • I just read report and it said Bilateral basal ganglia calcification/mineralization is noted. (healthtap.com)
  • The results read i had small lucunar infarct left basal ganglia small vessel ischemic disease. (healthtap.com)
  • Had a MRI brain scan.Report says prominent virchow-robin spaces in fronto-parietal white matter and basal ganglia.No other abnormality, is this normal? (healthtap.com)
  • Dx dysautonomia, old lacunar infarct on right basal ganglia&medial left temporal lobe found what symptoms can this cause(having peripheral vision loss, memory&concentration probs)&can diagnosis cause this finding? (healthtap.com)
  • article{45bcb445-d86a-4531-a013-772957920bc9, abstract = {Exposure to inorganic arsenic increases the risk of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). (lu.se)
  • Higher coffee consumption has been associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes in cohort studies, but the physiological pathways through which coffee affects glucose metabolism are not fully understood. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between habitual coffee and tea consumption and glucose metabolism in a multi-ethnic Asian population and possible mediation by inflammation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Decreasing your metabolism means you are "turning down" your body's internal furnaces, which lowers your calorie requirements. (wikihow.com)
  • Chances are you have blamed some part of your body's functioning on its metabolism. (weightwatchers.com)
  • Although your metabolism influences your body's basic energy needs, how much you eat and drink along with how much physical activity you get are the things that ultimately determine your weight. (mayoclinic.org)
  • A less cumbersome method of estimating basal metabolic rate involves the quantitative assay of the hormone thyroxine , known to regulate the body's rate of metabolism. (infoplease.com)
  • Therefore the person who exercises, as well as burning calories, turns his/her body into a "machine" with more rapid metabolism. (botanical-online.com)
  • Stress, in principle, generates an increase of the metabolism, although this does not necessarily mean that the stressed person is thinner because he/she can consume more calories. (botanical-online.com)
  • If we eat too much, although the metabolism speeds up, our body may be unable to consume excess calories and stores fat. (botanical-online.com)
  • In practice, a basal metabolism calculator is the most appropriate instrument to learn how many calories our body uses at rest. (botanical-online.com)
  • BMR is short for Basal Metabolic Rate Your Basal Metabolic Rate is the number of calories required to keep your body functioning at rest, also known as your metabolism. (diabetes.co.uk)
  • Think of basal metabolism as the number of calories your body burns for energy even when you're sleeping. (sfgate.com)
  • When you don't consume enough calories to support your minimum energy needs, your metabolism slows down by up to 30 percent. (sfgate.com)
  • The basal metabolic rate only accounts for about 70 percent of the calories used by your body. (sfgate.com)
  • The total amount of energy you burn is determined by your basal metabolic rate plus your level of physical activity and the calories burned when you digest food and absorb nutrients. (sfgate.com)
  • A restricted diet tells your body to conserve calories and slow down metabolism. (sfgate.com)
  • BMR is an important piece of how to work with your metabolism to lose weight because it measures how many calories you burn when you're doing nothing. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Expressed in calories, the average rate basal metabolic rate for adult men is about 1500 to 2000 kcal / day, and for women from 1200 to 1600 kcal / day. (fitwithme.org)
  • If you know how much is your basal metabolism and you know that an average workout in the gym spend from 200 to 500 calories (depending on the duration and intensity of training), then you know to your daily calorie intake customize your order. (fitwithme.org)
  • Basal metabolic rate (BMR) affects the rate that a person burns calories and ultimately whether that individual maintains, gains, or loses weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Everybody's metabolism is slightly different, so everybody has slightly different needs when it comes to calories. (wikihow.com)
  • Slowing your metabolism can involve some pretty unpleasant things: skipping meals, eating few calories, etc. (wikihow.com)
  • The basal metabolic rate - the number of calories burned per hour at rest - for a man is 68 and for a woman, 49. (sunjournal.com)
  • Find out how metabolism affects weight, the truth behind slow metabolism and how to burn more calories. (mayoclinic.org)
  • And if so, is it possible to rev up your metabolism to burn more calories? (mayoclinic.org)
  • The number of calories your body uses to carry out these basic functions is known as your basal metabolic rate - what you might call metabolism. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Within the normal range of metabolism there appears to be a definite correlation between the metabolic rates and the difference of electric potential over a specified area of the skin, provided the person under test has no abnormalities of the circulatory system or of the functions of the skin. (rupress.org)
  • One study of 150 adults representative of the population in Scotland reported basal metabolic rates from as low as 1027 kcal per day (4301 kJ) to as high as 2499 kcal (10455 kJ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Mammalian basal metabolic rates (BMR) increase with body mass, whichs explains approximately 95% of the variation in BMR. (unthsc.edu)
  • BMR is a flexible trait (it can be reversibly adjusted within individuals), with, for example, lower temperatures generally resulting in higher basal metabolic rates for both birds and rodents. (wikipedia.org)
  • On a log-log scale, the metabolism of mammals as related to their body size forms a straight line with a slope of about 0.75. (wikipedia.org)
  • This makes BMR a variant of standard metabolic rate measurement that excludes the temperature data, a practice that has led to problems in defining "standard" rates of metabolism for many mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our results reveal that increasing the phosphoinositide (PI) pathway affects chloroplast carbon metabolism and suggest that InsP 3 is one component of an inter-organelle signaling network regulating chloroplast metabolism. (mdpi.com)
  • Besides the food intake affects the basal metabolic rate - starvation reduces basal metabolism by acting as a defense mechanism that the body defends and saves energy. (fitwithme.org)
  • Resting metabolic rate, or RMR, is the closest approximation to a basal metabolic rate and what researchers use to study what affects metabolism. (weightwatchers.com)
  • Basal metabolism rate was measured via indirect calorimetry in the morning following the nights of polysomnography and CPAP titration. (uwi.edu)
  • An important result of the investigation was the close agreement found in the determination of the metabolism by the direct and indirect methods of calorimetry. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Under basal conditions, PT-GS-KO increased urinary ammonia excretion significantly. (physiology.org)
  • Basal metabolism and creatnine excretion in different physiological groups. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Changes in plasma thyroxine concentration and metabolism, catecholamine excretion and basal oxygen consumption in man during acute exposure to high altitude. (elsevier.com)
  • Abnormal basal metabolic rate refers to a high or low basal metabolic rate.Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of hypothyroidism worldwide but it can be caused by other causes such as several conditions of the thyroid gland or, less commonly, the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. (morebooks.de)
  • Only in rare cases do you get excessive weight gain from a medical problem that slows metabolism, such as Cushing's syndrome or having an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). (mayoclinic.org)
  • If you intend to lose weight, calorie intake must be less than your total daily consumption (basal metabolism plus activity). (fitwithme.org)
  • You can calculate your basal metabolic rate by following a formula based on height, weight and age, but this only produces an estimate. (sfgate.com)
  • Calculate your BMR with Discovery Health's Basal Metabolic Rate calculator . (howstuffworks.com)
  • Why is it important to know what is the basal metabolism, what his value is for men and women, how you can calculate, and other useful information you will find below. (fitwithme.org)
  • HealthDay)-For postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DMPW), the correlation between bone metabolism and basal metabolism seems to be dependent on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels, according to a study published online March 31 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation . (medicalxpress.com)
  • Restoration of vitamin D level may be a prerequisite for a normal correlation between bone and basal metabolism in T2DMPW," the authors write. (medicalxpress.com)
  • These experimental results indicate that there may be a more direct correlation between electric potentials and the circulation of the blood per se than between electric potentials and the metabolism of the body per se . (rupress.org)
  • It is suggested that there is a correlation between basal metabolism rate and the severity of OSAS and it is possible to provide significant reduction in basal metabolism rate with single night administration of CPAP depending on the patient's smoking history, degree of obesity and disease severity. (uwi.edu)
  • We also want to test the potential link between this basal metabolism modification and mitochondrial dysfunction and somatotrope axis, and correlation between the basal metabolism degree and global severity of the disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • similar to the basal metabolic rate (BMR), a measure of the energy use of a person at rest in a comfortable setting, but with less stringent criteria for recent food intake and physical activity. (studystack.com)
  • Basal rate of metabolism (BMR) is a physiological parameter that should be measured under strictly defined experimental conditions. (uzh.ch)
  • TG14 revealed its capacity to conduct macromolecular synthesis when frozen in water derived from melted basal ice samples and incubated at −15 °C. The results support the hypothesis that the basal ice of glaciers and ice sheets are cryospheric habitats harboring bacteria with the physiological capacity to remain metabolically active and biogeochemically cycle elements within the subglacial environment. (mdpi.com)
  • Physiological characteristics we inherit from our parents account for 80 per cent of our metabolism, Summers says. (weightwatchers.com)
  • Nevertheless, if we take high doses, it will help to regulate the metabolism and stimulate the fat burning processes . (hsnstore.eu)
  • Maximum strength combination, to protect your immune system, control blood pressure and regulate basal metabolism! (healthplus.co.uk)
  • But because metabolism is a natural process, your body has many mechanisms that regulate it to meet your individual needs. (mayoclinic.org)
  • basal metabolism the minimal energy expended for the maintenance of respiration, circulation, peristalsis, muscle tonus, body temperature, glandular activity, and the other vegetative functions of the body. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The deviation in gas composition from atmospheric values occurred concurrently with increased microbial cell concentrations in the basal ice profile, suggesting that in situ microbial processes ( i.e. , aerobic respiration) may have altered the entrapped gas composition. (mdpi.com)
  • en] To study the mechanism of oxygen regulation in inflammation-induced acute kidney injury, we investigate the effects of a bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) on the basal respiration of proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) both by high-resolution respirometry and electron spin resonance spectroscopy. (uliege.be)
  • Currently he is chair of the Division of Preventive, Occupational and Aerospace Medicine with a joint appointment in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, & Nutrition , and not to mention, an associate professor of preventive medicine and nutrition. (superfoodly.com)
  • The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism , 27 (6), 789-799. (elsevier.com)
  • Calorie Information Calorie Information Calorie Information Calorie Information Basal Metabolism Basal Metabolism Basal Metabolism Basal Metabolism Serving Sizes Serving Sizes Serving Sizes Serving Sizes Nutrients Nutrients Nutrients 1. (slideplayer.com)
  • Metabolism is the way we process foods and nutrients and convert them into energy. (weightwatchers.com)
  • The basal metabolic rate tends to depend on genetic factors. (botanical-online.com)
  • Several factors influence your basal metabolism. (sfgate.com)
  • Dominant factors affecting basal metabolism of the body size, age and gender. (fitwithme.org)
  • In the literature, there is evidence from some intervention studies that consuming LGI foods is associated with improvement of several measures of carbohydrate metabolism and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes ( 9 - 12 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Doctors generally agree that other factors are more responsible for weight gain or weight loss than your metabolism. (wikihow.com)
  • OBJECTIVE -To determine whether a chronic low-glycemic index (LGI) diet, compared with a high-glycemic index (HGI) diet, has beneficial effects on plasma glucose control, lipid metabolism, total fat mass, and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Moreover, in a previous study in nondiabetic slightly overweight subjects, such a diet resulted in decreased total fat mass as well as the expression of some genes implicated in lipid metabolism ( 14 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We used insulin withdrawal followed by insulin administration as a clinical model to define effects on substrate metabolism and to test whether increased levels of counter-regulatory hormones and cytokines and altered adipose tissue signalling participate in the early phases of DKA. (springer.com)
  • 2. Excessive activity of the thyroid gland, characterized by increased basal metabolism. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is suggested that this increase in heart weight which follows the increase in metabolism after thyroid is in the nature of a simple work hypertrophy of the myocardium. (rupress.org)
  • It was observed that after long activities (80 to 180 minutes) of moderate intensity comes to long-term increase in metabolism at rest that lasts 24 to 48 hours after training. (fitwithme.org)
  • Genetic variation in arsenic (+3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT), arsenic metabolism and risk of basal cell carcinoma in a European population. (lu.se)
  • This study's purpose was to determine the role of proximal tubule glutamine synthetase in ammonia metabolism under basal conditions and during metabolic acidosis. (physiology.org)
  • We sought to examine the effect of a single bout of high-intensity interval aerobic exercise on basal VLDL-triglyceride (TG) kinetics 14 and 48 h after exercise cessation to determine the acute and time-dependent effects of this type of exercise on VLDL-TG metabolism. (edu.au)
  • Determine your basal metabolic rate (metabolism at rest). (wikihow.com)
  • Diabetes and thyroid disorders are two common endocrine diseases that impact your metabolism, according to the US National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases . (weightwatchers.com)
  • If you eat little, your metabolism slows down. (botanical-online.com)
  • Age makes a difference because the body loses muscle mass with aging, which slows down metabolism. (sfgate.com)
  • Measurements have been made under basal conditions of weight, pulse, blood pressure, mouth temperature, and metabolism of twelve English and American women changing their residence from temperate to tropical climates (South India). (ajtmh.org)
  • A linear relationship exists in the albino rat between the heart weight and the basal metabolic rate when varied by the administration of active thyroid material. (rupress.org)
  • the reason I can't lose weight is because I have a slow metabolism. (superfoodly.com)
  • Understand that "slow metabolisms" aren't necessarily responsible for weight gain. (wikihow.com)
  • Understand that slowing your metabolism might not be the healthiest way to gain weight. (wikihow.com)
  • the rate of energy use for metabolism under specified conditions: It is usually expressed as kcalories per kilogram body weight per hour. (studystack.com)
  • You've probably heard people blame their weight on a slow metabolism, but what does that mean? (mayoclinic.org)
  • It's true that metabolism is linked to weight. (mayoclinic.org)
  • But contrary to common belief, a slow metabolism is rarely the cause of excess weight gain. (mayoclinic.org)
  • It may be tempting to blame your metabolism for weight gain. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Slow metabolism is rare, and it's usually not what's behind being overweight or obese. (superfoodly.com)
  • Understanding basal metabolism provides a valuable tool: It demonstrates that you can influence metabolic rate through muscle mass and a balanced diet. (sfgate.com)
  • In ZDF and ZF islets, high basal insulin secretion was maintained despite a 50% reduction in the rate of proinsulin/insulin biosynthesis at 2.8 mmol/L glucose. (nih.gov)
  • When this type of person returns to temperate climates the rate of metabolism rises to its former level, again promptly. (ajtmh.org)
  • The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on basal metabolism rate in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (uwi.edu)
  • Basal metabolism rate, VO 2 and VCO 2 levels were compared before and after CPAP administration. (uwi.edu)
  • A significant reduction in the basal metabolism rate (p=0.049), VO 2 (p=0.042) and VCO 2 (p=0.008) values were observed after single night administration of CPAP compared to before treatment. (uwi.edu)
  • Physical activity also changes the value of the basal metabolic rate - after completion of the physical activity we can see an increase in metabolic rate. (fitwithme.org)
  • The basal metabolic rate refers to the lowest rate obtained while an individual is at complete physical and mental rest. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Metabolic rate usually is expressed in terms of the amount of heat liberated during the chemical reactions of metabolism. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The minimum amount of energy required to maintain vital functions in an organism at complete rest, measured by the basal metabolic rate in a fasting individual who is awake and resting in a comfortably warm environment. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Metabolic rate is the rate of metabolism , the amount of energy used by an animal per unit of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy used daily by animals at rest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basal metabolic rate is the amount of energy per unit time that a person needs to keep the body functioning at rest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies also showed that by eliminating the sex differences that occur with the accumulation of adipose tissue by expressing metabolic rate per unit of "fat-free" or lean body mass , the values between sexes for basal metabolism are essentially the same. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your metabolism is the rate at which you "burn off" energy from the food you eat. (wikihow.com)
  • The Harris-Benedict formula is a relatively simple process in which a person multiplies their basal metabolic rate (BMR) by their average daily activity level. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • About 70 per cent of all the kilojoules you burn is due to your basal metabolic rate. (weightwatchers.com)
  • The basal metabolic rate is theoretical, since measuring it requires complete inactivity, White says. (weightwatchers.com)
  • And more muscle tends to increase the basal metabolic rate" explains White. (weightwatchers.com)
  • Even accounting for the loss in protein, there is an age-related drop in basal metabolic rate," White says. (weightwatchers.com)
  • Basal metabolic rate accounts for about 60% of the total energy spending in adults living a sedentary lifestyle. (speakingtree.in)
  • The basal metabolic rate, the same thing as basal metabolism, is the calorie burning that takes place when a person is at complete rest. (sunjournal.com)
  • The more muscle tissue a person has, the greater is his or her basal metabolic rate. (sunjournal.com)
  • Stimulates basal metabolic rate and metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. (angelfire.com)
  • The basal metabolism rate is usually measured indirectly by calculation from measurements of the amounts of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchanged during breathing under certain standard conditions, i.e., complete rest in a room temperature of 68°C (20°C), 12 to 14 hours after ingestion of food. (infoplease.com)
  • What determines the basal rate of metabolism? (biologists.org)
  • The VMM states that the summit metabolism (or the maximum metabolic rate in response to the cold) increases during the winter, and that the sustained metabolism (or the metabolic rate that can be indefinitely sustained) remains a constant fraction of the former. (wikipedia.org)
  • Essential for the control of basal metabolism and prostaglandin production. (healthplus.co.uk)
  • Basal metabolism only refers to the basic, or least, amount of energy your body needs to survive when you're resting. (sfgate.com)
  • Your endocrine system regulates hormones throughout your body that affect metabolism, mood, sexual function, and growth and development. (weightwatchers.com)
  • In this work, we used our primary CLL lymphocyte bank and compounds interfering with central carbon metabolism to define metabolic traits associated with ibrutinib resistance. (frontiersin.org)
  • Such an agreement, together with the finding of normal respiratory quotients, makes it probable that the metabolism in heart disease is not of an essentially abnormal type, and justifies the use of the indirect method in future work. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Often the word metabolism is associated with a particular organic compound or class of compounds, as in phenylalanine metabolism or amino acid metabolism. (infoplease.com)
  • In addition, transcripts of genes involved in starch metabolism such as SEX1 (glucan water dikinase) and SEX4 (phosphoglucan phosphatase), DBE (debranching enzyme), MEX1 (maltose transporter), APL3 (ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase) and glucose-6-phosphate transporter (Glc6PT) were up-regulated in the Hs PIPKIα plants. (mdpi.com)
  • That statement may be true, but it's most likely your own fault that your metabolism is slow, not your genes . (superfoodly.com)
  • Molecular characterization of 16S rRNA genes amplified from samples of the basal ice indicated a low diversity of bacteria, and most of the sequences characterized (87%) were affiliated with the phylum, Firmicutes. (mdpi.com)
  • Two subcategories of metabolism are anabolism, the building up of complex organic molecules from simpler precursors, and catabolism , the breakdown of complex substances into simpler molecules, often accompanied by the release of energy. (infoplease.com)
  • Nocturnal supplementation is recommended by both the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 10 and the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism guidelines 11 to avoid increased utilization of lean body stores to meet energy needs in patients with liver cirrhosis in the fasted state. (nature.com)
  • Loss of lean mass lows basal metabolism. (whattoexpect.com)
  • and, 2) adaptive changes in other proteins involved in ammonia metabolism occur in response to PT-GS-KO and cause an underestimation of the role of proximal tubule glutamine synthetase expression. (physiology.org)
  • Arsenic metabolism is a susceptibility factor for arsenic toxicity, and specific haplotypes in arsenic (+3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT) have been associated with increased urinary fractions of the most toxic arsenic metabolite, methylarsonic acid (MMA). (lu.se)
  • We observe a differential basal metabolite uptake linked to ibrutinib resistance, favoring glutamine uptake and catabolism. (frontiersin.org)
  • Studies of energy metabolism using both methods provide convincing evidence for the validity of the respiratory quotient (R.Q.), which measures the inherent composition and utilization of carbohydrates , fats and proteins as they are converted to energy substrate units that can be used by the body as energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavior of the basal metabolism after i.p. injection of serotonin in normal and pregnant rats at 20 C in the daytime]. (semanticscholar.org)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4106735 Title: The energy requirement of normal three- and four-year-old children under standard basal metabolism conditions and during periods of quiet play, Author: Elda Robb Publisher: New York City, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1934. (worldcat.org)
  • The amount of energy consumed by a person at rest is known as basal metabolism. (botanical-online.com)
  • Basal metabolism calculates the minimum amount of energy needed to maintain basic life functions. (fitwithme.org)