Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.
Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.
The compulsory portion of Medicare that is known as the Hospital Insurance Program. All persons 65 years and older who are entitled to benefits under the Old Age, Survivors, Disability and Health Insurance Program or railroad retirement, persons under the age of 65 who have been eligible for disability for more than two years, and insured workers (and their dependents) requiring renal dialysis or kidney transplantation are automatically enrolled in Medicare Part A.
Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.
A non-invasive technique using ultrasound for the measurement of cerebrovascular hemodynamics, particularly cerebral blood flow velocity and cerebral collateral flow. With a high-intensity, low-frequency pulse probe, the intracranial arteries may be studied transtemporally, transorbitally, or from below the foramen magnum.
The condition of being heterozygous for hemoglobin S.
A disease characterized by compensated hemolysis with a normal hemoglobin level or a mild to moderate anemia. There may be intermittent abdominal discomfort, splenomegaly, and slight jaundice.
A prolonged painful erection that may lasts hours and is not associated with sexual activity. It is seen in patients with SICKLE CELL ANEMIA, advanced malignancy, spinal trauma; and certain drug treatments.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The use of mental images produced by the imagination as a form of psychotherapy. It can be classified by the modality of its content: visual, verbal, auditory, olfactory, tactile, gustatory, or kinesthetic. Common themes derive from nature imagery (e.g., forests and mountains), water imagery (e.g., brooks and oceans), travel imagery, etc. Imagery is used in the treatment of mental disorders and in helping patients cope with other diseases. Imagery often forms a part of HYPNOSIS, of AUTOGENIC TRAINING, of RELAXATION TECHNIQUES, and of BEHAVIOR THERAPY. (From Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, vol. 4, pp29-30, 1994)
An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)
Those forces and content of the mind which are not ordinarily available to conscious awareness or to immediate recall.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
The most common clinical form of FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATION, this dementia presents with personality and behavioral changes often associated with disinhibition, apathy, and lack of insight.
Progressive myopathies characterized by the presence of inclusion bodies on muscle biopsy. Sporadic and hereditary forms have been described. The sporadic form is an acquired, adult-onset inflammatory vacuolar myopathy affecting proximal and distal muscles. Familial forms usually begin in childhood and lack inflammatory changes. Both forms feature intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusions in muscle tissue. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1409-10)
A disease marked by repeated episodes of increased bone resorption followed by excessive attempts at repair, resulting in weakened, deformed bones of increased mass. The resultant architecture of the bone assumes a mosaic pattern in which the fibers take on a haphazard pattern instead of the normal parallel symmetry.
Participation of employees with management as a labor-management team, in decisions pertaining to the operational activities of the organization or industry.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Facilities for collecting and organizing information. They may be specialized by subject field, type of source material, persons served, location, or type of services.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.
A center in the HEALTH RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION Division of Planning Methods and Technology which provides access to current information on health planning and resources development.
Facilities which provide information concerning poisons and treatment of poisoning in emergencies.
Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.
The study of the structure, growth, activities, and functions of NEURONS and the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Formation of NEURONS which involves the differentiation and division of STEM CELLS in which one or both of the daughter cells become neurons.
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
The termination of the cell's ability to carry out vital functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, responsiveness, and adaptability.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
Degenerative or inflammatory conditions affecting the central or peripheral nervous system that develop in association with a systemic neoplasm without direct invasion by tumor. They may be associated with circulating antibodies that react with the affected neural tissue. (Intern Med 1996 Dec;35(12):925-9)
Carnivores of the genus Procyon of the family PROCYONIDAE. Two subgenera and seven species are currently recognized. They range from southern Canada to Panama and are found in several of the Caribbean Islands.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.

Two types of auditory neglect. (1/36)

Auditory neglect, defined as inattention to stimuli within the left hemispace, is mostly reported in association with left ear extinction in dichotic listening. However, it remains disputed as to how far dichotic extinction reflects a primary attentional deficit and is thus appropriate for the diagnosis of auditory neglect. We report here on four patients who presented left ear extinction in dichotic listening following right unilateral hemispheric lesions. Auditory spatial attention was assessed with two additional tasks: (i) diotic test by means of interaural time differences (ITDs), simulating bilateral simultaneous spatial presentation of the dichotic tasks without the inconvenience of interaural intensity or content difference; and (ii) sound localization. A hemispatial asymmetry on the ITD diotic test or a spatial bias on sound localization were found to be part of auditory neglect. Two patients (J.C.N. and M.B.) presented a marked hemispatial asymmetry favouring the ipsilesional hemispace in the ITD diotic test, but did not show any spatial bias in sound localization. Two other patients (A.J. and E.S.) had the reverse profile: no hemispatial asymmetry in the ITD diotic test, but a severe spatial bias directed to the ipsilesional side in sound localization. J.C.N. and M.B. had mainly subcortical lesions affecting the basal ganglia. A.J. and E.S. had cortical lesions in the prefrontal, superior temporal and inferior parietal areas. Thus, there are two behaviourally and anatomically distinct types of auditory neglect characterized by: (i) deficit in allocation of auditory spatial attention following lesions centred on basal ganglia; or (ii) distortion of auditory spatial representation following frontotemporoparietal lesions.  (+info)

Correlation of early CT signs in the deep middle cerebral artery territories with angiographically confirmed site of arterial occlusion. (2/36)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early CT signs in the deep middle cerebral artery (MCA) territories have been reported to be seen at the initial period of ischemia. We attempted to investigate the incidence of parenchymal hypodensity within 3 hours after ischemic onset among patients with angiographically proved embolic MCA occlusion and to assess the correlation of subtle hypodensity in the deep MCA territories with involvement of the lenticulostriate arteries in the presence of ischemia. METHODS: Fifty CT images obtained within 3 hours after onset of embolic MCA occlusion were retrospectively reviewed by three neurosurgeons who were aware of clinical features. Early CT signs in the deep MCA territories were divided into three grades according to their anatomic location: grade I, normal basal ganglia with hypodensity localized to the insula; grade II, partial obscuration of the posterolateral part of the putamen; and grade III, hypodensity of the entire lentiform nucleus. A grade I CT sign was considered to be a negative finding for lenticulostriate artery involvement, whereas grade II and III CT signs were considered to be positive findings. Site of occlusion and involvement of the lenticulostriate arteries were confirmed by angiography. RESULTS: Thirty-eight (76%) of 50 patients had early CT signs in the deep MCA territories. Sensitivity and specificity of a grade I CT sign indicating absence of lenticulostriate artery involvement in ischemia were 65% and 87%, respectively. On the other hand, sensitivity and specificity of grade II and grade III CT signs for presence of lenticulostriate artery involvement in ischemia were 77% and 100%, respectively. Grade II CT signs resulted from various sites of occlusion, whereas grade III was unequivocally predictive of proximal occlusion to all of the lenticulostriate arteries. CONCLUSION: Involvement of the lenticulostriate arteries may be presumed by precise evaluation of subtle, CT-revealed hypodensity in the deep MCA territories, even within 3 hours of ischemic onset.  (+info)

Small centrum ovale infarcts on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. (3/36)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A small centrum ovale infarct (SCOI), caused by occlusion of the white matter medullary arteries, is often equated with a lacunar infarct. We sought to clarify the clinical characteristics of a SCOI visualized by diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) compared with those of a small basal ganglia infarct (SBGI). METHODS: Patients with a SCOI (SCOI group; n=38) or SBGI (SBGI group; n=68) < or =15 mm in diameter on conventional MRI and DWI were selected from 582 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke. Sex, age, neurological symptoms, vascular risk factors, emboligenic heart disease, arterial occlusive disease in the ipsilateral carotid system, and recurrent stroke within the initial 30 days were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Only 47% of SCOIs but 87% of SBGIs could be identified with the use of conventional MRI, whereas DWI could detect them all. Age, sex, and vascular risk factors were not significantly different between the 2 groups. The SCOI group had more frequently an abrupt onset of symptoms (63% versus 26%; P=0.0002), emboligenic heart diseases (34% versus 12%; P=0.0054), occlusive carotid and/or middle cerebral artery diseases (53% versus 19%; P=0.0004), and recurrent stroke (13% versus 1%; P=0.0216) but less frequently a classic lacunar syndrome (50% versus 81%; P=0.0009) than the SBGI group. On a multivariate analysis, both arterial and heart diseases were independently associated with the SCOI group. CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic SCOIs detected by DWI may be associated with large-vessel and heart diseases and should be distinguished from lacunar infarcts.  (+info)

Cerebrovascular disease and evolution of depressive symptoms in the cardiovascular health study. (4/36)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported an association between cerebrovascular disease and depressive symptoms. The Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) provides an opportunity to examine the relationship between vascular brain pathology seen on neuroimaging and changes in depressive symptoms. METHODS: The sample included 3236 CHS participants who had an MRI brain scan. Demographic variables, medical history, functional status, and apolipoprotein E genotype were obtained at baseline. Annual scores on a modified version of the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale were obtained initially and up to 7 years subsequently. RESULTS: After controlling for important covariates, occurrence of depressive symptoms (defined as modified CES-D score of >7) was associated with small lesions in the basal ganglia, large cortical white-matter lesions, and severe subcortical white-matter grade. Neuroimaging variables did not predict incident depression among those who were nondepressive at the time of MRI. Persistence of depressive symptoms across 2 consecutive time points was associated with small basal ganglia lesions and large cerebral cortical white-matter lesions. Worsening of depression (increase in CES-D score of > or =5) was associated with subcortical white-matter lesions. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that cerebrovascular disease at baseline is related to depression symptoms over time. Further studies are needed to investigate the differential effects of subcortical white- versus gray-matter lesions on mood.  (+info)

Early and late postnatal identification of isolated lenticulostriate vasculopathy in preterm infants: associated findings. (5/36)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, possible etiologies, and neurodevelopmental outcome of premature infants (<35 weeks) with isolated lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV). STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective case-control design, we reviewed the medical records of all premature infants who were admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit between 1996 and 2000. RESULTS: The prevalence of LSV was 4.6% (21 of 453). Patients with late LSV (detected after 10 days of age) had less exposure than controls to prenatal steroids [42.8% (6 of 14) vs. 92.8% (13 of 14), respectively; p<0.01], and prenatal antibiotics [42.8% (6 of 14) vs. 85.7% (12 of 14), respectively; p=0.01]. Fifty-seven percent (8 of 14) of patients with late LSV had a low Apgar score vs. 14.2% (2 of 14) of the control group (p=0.01). Patients with LSV also had more muscle tone abnormalities than controls at 6 months of age [33.3% (5 of 15) vs. 5.2% (1 of 19), respectively; p=0.03]. CONCLUSION: Patients with late LSV have less exposure to antenatal steroids and antibiotics, lower Apgar scores, and abnormal muscle tone at 6 months of age.  (+info)

Heterogeneity of cerebral blood flow in Alzheimer disease and vascular dementia. (6/36)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) are the two major diseases that cause dementia, and early diagnosis is important. Single photon emission CT (SPECT) of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is used for the early detection of dementia and as an auxiliary method for follow-up. AD shows reduced posterior blood flow and VaD manifests reduced anterior blood flow on CBF SPECT images. We examined the usefulness of 3D fractal analysis of CBF SPECT images to objectively quantify the heterogeneity of CBF in patients with AD and VaD. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with AD and 22 with VaD based on neuropsychologic tests and imaging findings, as well as 20 age-matched control subjects underwent technetium-99m hexamethyl propyleneamine oxime CBF SPECT. We then conducted statistical image processing by 3D fractal analysis on reconstructed data. Fractal dimension, an index of heterogeneity, was then calculated for the whole brain, as well as for the anterior and posterior regions of the brain. A higher fractal dimension indicates that the CBF SPECT image is uneven. The ratio of fractal dimension of the anterior region to fractal dimension of the posterior region (A/P ratio) was calculated. Heterogeneity of CBF was compared among the AD, VaD, and control groups. RESULTS: Fractal dimensions of the AD, VaD, and control groups were 1.072+/-0.179 (mean +/- SD), 1.005+/-0.156, and 0.806+/-0.06, respectively. A significant difference of fractal dimension was noted between the control group and the two types of dementia (P<.0001); however, no significant difference was noted between the AD and VaD groups. The A/P ratios of the AD and VaD groups were significantly different (0.952 and 1.163, respectively; P<.01). CONCLUSION: Analysis of CBF SPECT images quantitatively showed that the fractal dimension was significantly higher (indicating heterogeneity) in patients with AD and VaD when compared with age-matched control subjects. Comparison of the A/P ratio on CBF SPECT images between AD and VaD groups showed that the heterogeneity of CBF was posterior-dominant for AD and anterior-dominant for VaD. Thus, 3D fractal analysis enabled a simple and objective evaluation of the heterogeneity of CBF in patients with AD and VaD.  (+info)

Neonatal lenticulostriate vasculopathy: further characterisation. (7/36)

BACKGROUND: Lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV) is sometimes detected on routine brain ultrasonography in neonates, and is often associated with various perinatal and neonatal abnormalities. However, most reports on LSV are retrospective with no controls. OBJECTIVES: To compare the perinatal and neonatal clinical characteristics of neonates with LSV with matched controls and to summarise all published reports of LSV. DESIGN: A prospective study that summarises the clinical, laboratory, and neurosonographic data of neonates with LSV. METHODS: Of 1184 neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) during a three year period, 857 had a routine head ultrasound examination. Twenty one had LSV, and were compared with 42 matched controls with regard to gestational, perinatal, neonatal, laboratory, and neurosonographic characteristics. RESULTS: LSV was detected in 21 of the 857 (2.45%) neonates. It was bilateral in 10 of the 21 cases and located in the thalamus (n = 14) and basal ganglia (n = 7). Infants with LSV were not significantly different from matched controls in most tested variables. However, compared with the control group, the LSV group included significantly more multiple births and more disturbances in amniotic fluid volume, but less meconial amniotic fluid. In addition, the patients with LSV required fewer blood transfusions and less phototherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Except for more multiple births, neonates with LSV did not display more adverse findings than their matched controls.  (+info)

The L-dopa response in vascular parkinsonism. (8/36)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a positive L-dopa response in vascular parkinsonism (VP) is correlated with the presence of nigrostriatal pathology due to either vascular damage or neuronal cell loss. METHODS: Seventeen patients with pathologically confirmed VP were selected from the pathological collection of the Queen Square Brain Bank for Neurological Disorders, and their L-dopa response during life was compared with the presence of macroscopic vascular damage in the nigrostriatal pathway and microscopic substantia nigra cell loss. RESULTS: Ten of the twelve patients with a good or excellent response had macroscopic infarcts or lacunae caused by enlarged perivascular spaces in the basal ganglia or microscopic neuronal cell loss in the substantia nigra. In contrast, only one of the five patients with a moderate or no response had lacunae in the putamen, and none had lacunar infarcts or substantia nigra cell loss. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that a substantial number of patients with clinically suspected VP may respond with benefit to dopaminergic therapy, especially those with lesions in or close to the nigrostriatal pathway.  (+info)

A highly reliable model for the study of focal cerebral ischemia has been developed using a retro-orbital approach to occlude the lateral lenticulostriate arteries of the baboon. An infarction of the caudate, putamen and the anterior limb of the internal capsule has consistently been produced. Reliability has been attained because the anatomical variations of the lenticulostriate arteries of each animal can be fully appraised, permitting selective vessel occlusion. A well-defined clinical and radiographic lesion has also resulted from this procedure which was clinically well tolerated by all animals. Selective lenticulostriate occlusion provides a new approach to the study of focal cerebral ischemia in the sub-human primate, and serves for the evaluation of proposed therapies for treatment of focal cerebral ischemia. ...
Methods-We retrospectively reviewed 85 consecutive patients with acute small subcortical infarcts in the lenticulostriate artery territory who were admitted to our stroke center within 24 hours of symptom onset and underwent serial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Albuminuria was determined based on the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio obtained from a first morning spot urine after admission. Infarct volume was measured on axial sections of the initial and follow-up DWI. Early neurological deterioration (END) was defined as an increase of ≥2 points in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score during the first 5 days after admission.. ...
Results Data from 112 infants scanned at a median age of 1.4 postnatal days were analysed. Only 57 (51%) infants had scans considered normal, including 30 infants with isolated focal peritrigonal white matter (WM) echogenicity that was very common, occurring in 60 (53%) of infants. More extensive WM echogencities were seen in nine (7.5%) and focal unilateral central grey matter echogenicity in eight (6.5%) infants. Haemorrhage was not common. Subependymal pseudocysts (SEP) and choroid plexus cysts (CPC) occurred in 19.6% of infants each. Four infants only had lenticulostriate vasculopathy. No correlation was found between mode of delivery, birth weight, head circumference or gestational age, maternal HIV status and any cUS abnormality.. ...
gives rise to the lateral lenticulostriate arteries which supply part of head and body of caudate, globus pallidus, putamen and the posterior limb of the internal capsule ...
VRSs are potential perivascular spaces covered by pia that accompany arteries and arterioles as they perforate the brain substance. Deep in the brain, the VRS are lined by the basement membrane of the glia limitans peripherally, while the outer surfaces of the blood vessels lie centrally. These pial layers form the VRS as enclosed spaces filled with interstitial fluid and separated from the surrounding brain and CSF (6, 40). Dilatation of VRS results in fluid filled perivascular spaces along the course of the penetrating arteries.. Abnormal dilatation of VRS is clinically associated with aging, dementia, incidental WM lesions, and hypertension and other vascular risk factors (2, 5). Pathologically, this finding is most commonly associated with arteriosclerotic microvascular disease, which forms a spectrum of severity graded from 1 to 3 on the basis of histologic appearances (22, 24). Grade 1 changes include increased tortuosity and irregularity in small arteries and arterioles (22) Grade 2 ...
Term: eclampsia Origin: Anc Greek εκ /ec(=forth)+ λάμπω /lampo(=to shine) Literally meaning: shine forth Coined: In 1619 in treat ...
COMMENT Both Berezuk et al. and Suzuki et al. focus on the often-neglected role of the Virchow-Robin spaces that control the rate of bulk flow of brain interstitial fluid (ISF), including clearance of potentially toxic substances from brain. Therefore, changes in .... ...
Its the only box you need to have connected to your TV, according to TiVo president and CEO Tom Rogers. At the heart of it, were demonstrating how cable, broadcast and broadband content can come together in an integrated fashion, he said in an interview.. TiVo desperately needs to punch up its sex appeal to convince new customers to pay upwards of $500 for one of its set-tops, plus a $12.95 monthly subscription fee.. The company, which pioneered the DVR market 10 years ago, has been losing ground to operator-supplied DVRs. As of Oct. 31, 2009, the company had 2.7 million total subscribers -- down from 3.5 million a year earlier and off 62% from a peak of around 4.4 million in late 2006.. To reverse the tide, TiVo has inked distribution deals with Comcast, DirecTV, Cox Communications and others but so far none have paid off in any significant way.. One of TiVos customers is RCN, which now plans to begin rolling out TiVo Premiere boxes as its primary DVR starting in the second quarter of ...
Heres another example of how companies turn DVRs into their friends (remeber KFCs hidden coupon?) At the end of the usual TV spots, GE inserts a one-second bonus that consists of thirty frames viewable in slo-mo or in the frame-by-frame mode. You can watch the commercials and extra material at GEs website. They have also created MySpace profiles for the spots characters (heres one for Elli the Elephant, created on May 2 ...
While its not compatible with your cable companys interactive and video-on-demand services, the TiVo HDs excellent onscreen interface and long list of network and Internet features puts it in a class above the generic high-def DVRs offered by most cable providers.
Typical enlarged VR space - location inferior to the basal ganglia adjacent ot the terminal ICA with fluid having identical characteristics to CSF (it is a CSF-filled space). In this case we can actually see the vessel (penetrating barnch of the...
Ischemia of the basal ganglia as an immediate consequence of minor head injury in children is rare (| 2% of all ischemic stroke in childhood) and is due to vasospasm of the lenticulostriate arteries. The clinical history of these lesions is particularly favourable because they are usually small, and also because the facial-brachial-crural hemiparesis typical of this pathology usually regresses after a period ranging from several weeks to several months, despite the persistence of an ischemic area on MRI. This is due to the well known neuronal plasticity of the CNS, in particular, of the primary motor cortex. The most effective therapeutic approach appears to be the conservative one, although the best treatment regimen is still not well defined. Young patients should be closely monitored and treated conservatively with osmotic diuretics to reduce perilesional edema. At the same time, however, it is very important to exclude, by means of instrumental and laboratory studies, conditions that could favour
Ischemia of the basal ganglia as an immediate consequence of minor head injury in children is rare (| 2% of all ischemic stroke in childhood) and is due to vasospasm of the lenticulostriate arteries. The clinical history of these lesions is particularly favourable because they are usually small, and also because the facial-brachial-crural hemiparesis typical of this pathology usually regresses after a period ranging from several weeks to several months, despite the persistence of an ischemic area on MRI. This is due to the well known neuronal plasticity of the CNS, in particular, of the primary motor cortex. The most effective therapeutic approach appears to be the conservative one, although the best treatment regimen is still not well defined. Young patients should be closely monitored and treated conservatively with osmotic diuretics to reduce perilesional edema. At the same time, however, it is very important to exclude, by means of instrumental and laboratory studies, conditions that could favour
I.1. Which of the following statements about cerebrovascular anatomy is most correct?a. The lenticulostriate branches of the middle cerebral artery typically arise from both M2 segmentsb. The recurrent artery of Heubner supplies the anterior portion of the ventromedial nucleus of the thalamusc....
DISCUSSION. Since its initial description, there has been a lot of discussion in the literature concerning the causes and the clinical correlation of LA. There may even be some confusion relating to previous brain alterations and loss of involutive and nonspecific white substance, which occurs as age advances. There has also been discussion concerning the possibility of the existence of LA only as an incidental radiologic diagnosis (without clinical correspondence), on assymptomatic patients. There are different neurologic findings which may contribute to the presence of periventricular hypodensities: perivascular demielinization and gliosis; dilatation of Virchow-Robin spaces; small gaps; loss of axons and glial cells (predominantly oligodendrocytes); rarefaction of myelin associated with spongiosis; presence of multiple gaps and numerous sclerotic plates. Nevertheless, as mentioned by Hachinski et al.1, a simple infiltration of the spinal-brain liquid into the periventricular brain parenchyma ...
In other words, load your DVRs with these shows while you can.Comedies, talk shows - late-night and daytime - and reality TV will soon bid adieu to series as well. Heres a round-up of other series viewers will be mourning soon.
China Fracture Fixation Stryker Orthopedics External Fixator Instruments Set, Find details about China Surgical Instrument, External Fixator from Fracture Fixation Stryker Orthopedics External Fixator Instruments Set - Suzhou Gemmed Medical Instrument Co., Ltd.
INTRODUCTION: The brain is almost always a localization of invasive aspergillosis, after hematogenous spread from pulmonary aspergillosis. Brain aspergilosis is not rare and is one of the worst prognosis factors of invasive aspergillosis. STATE OF ART: The incidence of this severe mycosis is currently on the rise due to the development of major immunosuppressive treatments. Brain aspergillosis is noteworthy for its vascular tropism, leading to infectious cerebral vasculitis, mainly involving thalamoperforating and lenticulostriate arteries, with a high frequency of thalamic or basal nuclei lesions. Extra-neurologic features that suggest this diagnosis are: i) risk factors for invasive aspergillosis (major or prolonged neutropenia, hematologic malignancies, prolonged corticosteroid treatment, bone marrow or solid organ transplant, AIDS); ii) persistent fever not responding to presumptive antibacterial treatment; iii) respiratory signs (brain aspergillosis is associated with pulmonary ...
INTRODUCTION: The brain is almost always a localization of invasive aspergillosis, after hematogenous spread from pulmonary aspergillosis. Brain aspergilosis is not rare and is one of the worst prognosis factors of invasive aspergillosis. STATE OF ART: The incidence of this severe mycosis is currently on the rise due to the development of major immunosuppressive treatments. Brain aspergillosis is noteworthy for its vascular tropism, leading to infectious cerebral vasculitis, mainly involving thalamoperforating and lenticulostriate arteries, with a high frequency of thalamic or basal nuclei lesions. Extra-neurologic features that suggest this diagnosis are: i) risk factors for invasive aspergillosis (major or prolonged neutropenia, hematologic malignancies, prolonged corticosteroid treatment, bone marrow or solid organ transplant, AIDS); ii) persistent fever not responding to presumptive antibacterial treatment; iii) respiratory signs (brain aspergillosis is associated with pulmonary ...
Charcot-Bouchard aneurysms (also known as miliary aneurysms or microaneurysms) are aneurysms of the brain vasculature which occur in small blood vessels (less than 300 micrometre diameter). Charcot-Bouchard aneurysms are most often located in the lenticulostriate vessels of the basal ganglia and are associated with chronic hypertension. Charcot-Bouchard aneurysms are a common cause of cerebral hemorrhage. If a Charcot-Bouchard aneurysm ruptures, it will lead to an intracerebral hemorrhage, which can cause hemorrhagic stroke, typically experienced as a sudden focal paralysis or loss of sensation. Charcot-Bouchard aneurysms are aneurysms in the small penetrating blood vessels of the brain. They are associated with hypertension. The common artery involved is the lenticulostriate branch of the middle cerebral artery. Common locations of hypertensive hemorrhages include the putamen, caudate, thalamus, pons, and cerebellum.[citation needed] As with any aneurysm, once formed they have a tendency to ...
The most common remote control codes for Insignia televisions include 096, 135, 136, 0463 and 1507. Codes vary based on cable or satellite provider, television model and accessories, such as DVRs,...
Mark A. Perigard is an executive arts editor and the TV critic for the Boston Herald. His favorite all-time TV shows, in no special order, are: Rome, Farscape, St. Elsewhere, Dark Shadows, The Wire, The Shield, Star Trek (classic and next gen), Battlestar Galactica (the remake) and NYPD Blue. Currently, he DVRs The Walking Dead, Once Upon a Time, Game of Thrones and anything that promises a surprise or two ...
Mark A. Perigard is an executive arts editor and the TV critic for the Boston Herald. His favorite all-time TV shows, in no special order, are: Rome, Farscape, St. Elsewhere, Dark Shadows, The Wire, The Shield, Star Trek (classic and next gen), Battlestar Galactica (the remake) and NYPD Blue. Currently, he DVRs The Walking Dead, Once Upon a Time, Game of Thrones and anything that promises a surprise or two ...
ESPACIO DE VIRCHOW ROBIN PDF - Virchow-Robin (VR) spaces surround the walls of vessels as they course from the subarachnoid space through the brain parenchyma. English Translation,
Surgical Management of Cerebrovascular Disease http://ryushare.com/5f38zxlcqaj3/Surgical_Management_of_Cerebrovascular_Disease.pdf
Lacunes are caused by occlusion of a single deep penetrating artery that arises directly from the constituents of the Circle of Willis, cerebellar arteries, and basilar artery. The corresponding lesions occur in the deep nuclei of the brain (37% putamen, 14% thalamus, and 10% caudate) as well as the pons (16%) or the posterior limb of the internal capsule (10%). They occur less commonly in the deep cerebral white matter, the anterior limb of the internal capsule, and the cerebellum. The two proposed mechanisms are microatheroma and lipohyalinosis.[4] At the beginning, lipohyalinosis was thought to be the main small vessel pathology, but microatheroma now is thought to be the most common mechanism of arterial occlusion (or stenosis). Occasionally, atheroma in the parent artery blocks the orifice of the penetrating artery (luminal atheroma), or atheroma involves the origin of the penetrating artery (junctional atheroma). Alternatively, hypoperfusion is believed to be the mechanism when there is ...
Spatial unsharp-mask processing and its variants are commonly used in x-ray radiography to enhance image contrast. We investigated the effect of three unsharp-masking filter kernels of different sizes on the detection of an advanced guidewire tip in simulated x-ray fluoroscopy image sequences. To isolate the effect of visual temporal processing, we repeated the experiments on single images. Filter gains were selected so that all three kernels increased the contrast of a 0.018-in. (0.457-mm) guidewire by a factor of 2 but had different effects on image noise and signal profiles. There was no statistically significant effect of unsharp masking on human-observer performance in single images. However, all three kernels significantly improved average performance in image sequences, and the guidewire contrast required for detection was reduced by 32%-40%. A prewhitening channelized observer model predicted the disparity between sequences and single images and fitted measurements at different kernel ...
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling (FOF) and increased gait variability are both independent markers of gait instability. There is a complex interplay between both entities. The purposes of this study were (1) to perform a qualitative analysis of all published studies on FOF-related changes in gait variability through a systematic review, and (2) to quantitatively synthesize FOF-related changes in gait variability. METHODS: A systematic Medline literature search was conducted in May 2014 using the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms Fear OR fear of falling combined with Accidental Falls AND Gait OR Gait Apraxia OR Gait Ataxia OR Gait disorders, Neurologic OR Gait assessment OR Functional gait assessment AND Self efficacy OR Self confidence AND Aged OR Aged, 80 and over. Systematic review and fixed-effects meta-analysis using an inverse-variance method were performed. RESULTS: Of the 2184 selected studies, 10 observational studies (including 5 cross-sectional studies, 4 prospective
With Love & Hip-Hop occupying our DVRs once again, viewers will be welcoming a new bevy of beauties from Atlanta and the drama that comes with em. One
I am writing this for two reasons. #1. To see if anyone has experience or advice. #2. So other men and women can understand they are not alone. On...
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Note (1): Reference for Cyg OB2 objects as follows: b = Cyg OB2 association: brightest stars M = Cyg OB2 association: Massey & Thompson 1991, Cat. J/AJ/101/1408 C = Cyg OB2 association: Comeron et al. (2002A&A...389..874C) stars Note (2): Origin of names: ALS = Reed (1998, Cat. J/ApJS/115/271; 2005, Cat. V/125) CP05 = Comeron & Pasquali (2005A&A...430..541C), [CP2005] NN in Simbad CPR02 = Comeron et al. (2002A&A...389..874C), [CPR2002] ANN in Simbad MT91 = Massey & Thompson 1991, Cat. J/AJ/101/1408, [MT91] NNN in Simbad SMV89 = Straizys et al. 1989VilOB..83....3S, [SMV89] NNN in Simbad SKV-2 = Straizys et al. 1993, Cat. II/196, [SKV93] 2-NNN in Simbad LS02 = Laugalys & Straizys (2002BaltA..11..205L) LSV06-1 = Laugalys et al. (2006BaltA..15..327L) LSV06-22 = Laugalys et al. 2006, Cat. J/BaltA/15/483, Table 2, [LSV2006] Area II NNN in Simbad LSV07 = Laugalys et al. (2007BaltA..16..349L), Cl* Collinder 428 LSV NNN in Simbad VI Cyg = numbers of the Cyg OB2 association stars from Johnson & Morgan ...
Looking for Cerebrovascular disease? Find out information about Cerebrovascular disease. of or relating to the blood vessels and the blood supply of the brain Explanation of Cerebrovascular disease
Part of the What Do I Do Now? series, Cerebrovascular Disease a case-based approach to cover common and important topics in the examination, investigation, and management of stroke, embolism, thrombosis, hemorrhage, and other critical presentations of cerebrovascular disease. Each chapter provides a discussion of the diagnosis, key points to remember, and selected references for further reading.
Imaging genomics has increasingly moved towards a GWAS approach, using large-scale collaborations to improve power for the detection of variants with small independent effects [29]. Examples of such consortia include the Enhancing Neuro-imaging through Meta-analysis (ENIGMA) consortium [37], Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology (CHARGE) consortium [36], Alzheimers Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), IMAGEN, which is focused on adolescents [38], and the Uniform Neuro-Imaging of Virchow-Robin Spaces Enlargement (UNIVRSE) consortium [39]. The growing number of GWAS of brain phenotypes and of neuropsychiatric disorders has, on occasion, lent support to previously reported candidate variants [40], but importantly has identified many new variants of interest [41].. An early study by the ENIGMA consortium consisted of approximately 8000 participants, including healthy controls and cases with psychiatric disorders [42]. This study identified significant associations between ...
In advance of the debut of all new That Metal Show episodes 1/18 on VH1 CLASSIC, our sister HD channel Palladia will be doing a special weekend this weekend starting 9A ET this Saturday. That Metal Weekend on Palladia will feature all rock and metal programs and concerts and episodes of TMS in HD! VH1 Classic is sadly still not an HD channel, but you can finally catch some of our recent past episodes this weekend on Palladia in HD. Here are the times and guests for TMS in HD this weekend. All times are Eastern so be sure to convert for your time zone. Some of my all time favorite episodes with Brian Johnson, Steve Harris, Sammy Hagar, Lars Ulrich and more will be featured. Set those DVRs and grab them in HD while you can, Thanks!. SATURDAY 1/11/14:. 9A: Dave Mustaine/Rex Brown. 1P: Lars Ulrich/Robb Flynn. 5P: Sammy Hagar/Michael Anthony. SUNDAY 1/12/14:. 1A: Alice Cooper/Jack Russell. 5A: Corey Taylor/Josh Rand. 11A: Steve Harris. 3P: Rob Zombie/John 5/Tom Keifer. 6P: Brian Johnson. 9P: Vegas ...
The following are the current most viewed articles on Wikipedia within Wikipedias Cerebrovascular diseases category. Think of it as a Whats Hot list for Cerebrovascular diseases. More info ». This is a beta release and so the figures may be a day or two out of date. Wed love to get your thoughts. ...
Best Buy- All Locations All Best Buys recycle this product. For the nearest location, please visit the website below. Please note that the maximum number of recyclables accepted at Best Buy is three items per household per day.. Note: Due to COVID-19 it is each stores discretion on whether or not they will accept recycling.. Visit website. Materials Accepted: Appliances, Batteries - Rechargeable (cell phone/ camera/ tool/ lithium ion/ ni-cad), Battery Back-up, Cables/ Chargers/ Connectors, Calculators, Cameras- Digital, Cell phones - PDAs, Computer Monitors, Computer System Units / Towers, DVRs, E-readers- kindle/ nook/ etc., Game Consoles, GPS, Ink Cartridges (inkjet printer), iPod/MP3 Players, Microwaves, Mouse- computer, Record Players, Refrigerator, Tablets- iPad/ playbook/ touchpad, Television Sets, Vacuums- upright/ canister/ robot, VCRs ...
Digital video recorders are also changing the way television programs advertise products. Watching pre-recorded programs allows users to fast-forward through commercials, and some technology allows users to remove commercials entirely. Half of viewers in the United States, for example, use DVRs to skip commercials entirely.[16] This feature has been controversial for the last decade, with major television networks and movie studios claiming it violates copyright and should be banned. In 1985, an employee of Honeywells Physical Sciences Center, David Rafner, first described a drive-based DVR designed for home TV recording, time-slipping, and commercial skipping.[26] U.S. Patent 4,972,396 focused on a multi-channel design to allow simultaneous independent recording and playback. Broadly anticipating future DVR developments, it describes possible applications such as streaming compression, editing, captioning, multi-channel security monitoring, military sensor platforms, and remotely piloted ...
Global electric low speed vehicle market accounted for USD 2.3 billion in 2015 and expected to reach USD 7.4 billion by the end of forecast period i.e. 2024.
Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease at PAMF. Learn more about our services and how we partner with you to create personalized care.
This massive compactor-known as Big Blue-has proved invaluable to the Decontamination Volume Reduction System (DVRS) Project, which is aimed at decreasing the profusion of space-wasting RFP crates. Contaminated waste, ranging from glove boxes to air filtration systems, that was originally stored in large reinforced plywood crates is sorted, decontaminated, and fed to Big Blue, which reduces the waste into the black jumbles of metal at the bottom of the photo. The compressed waste will be repackaged either for shipment to WIPP or storage at Los Alamos. And happily for both taxpayers and Lab administrators, TWISP was completed two years ahead of schedule and $18 million under budget. Another concern in the arena of TRU waste management has been the profusion of what are known as RFP crates-Fiberglas -reinforced boxes containing a diversity of equipment ranging from glove boxes to high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration systems contaminated with both TRU and other types of waste, ...
Cerebrovascular diseases threaten public health, especially the aging population. Deep understanding of the features of cerebrovascular diseases can effectively assist in clinical practice. Recent studies showed that the genesis and development of cerebrovascular diseases involved in many mechanisms, e.g. inflammation, hemodynamics, dysplasia and so on. However, most of these factors will result in a degeneration of cerebral vessels and neurodegeneration, which plays an important role on genesis and development of cerebrovascular diseases. Therefore, how to diagnose and block the pathological change of degeneration of cerebral vessels could provide neurosurgeons and neurologists useful tools in the clinical practice, and provide patients an accurate treatment which could significantly improve the prognosis.This Research Topic will focus on the frontiers in the accurate treatment of cerebrovascular disease, including hemorrhagic and ischemic diseases. The goal of this Topic is to discuss the advances of
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Der ischämische Schlaganfall ist ein ernstzunehmendes Ereignis, welches rascher Rekanalisationstherapie bedarf. Hierfür stehen mehrere Therapieansätze zur Verfügung. Bildgebungsgestützte Patientenselektion zur individuell geeigneten Therapie kann das abschließende klinische Behandlungsergebnis des einzelnen Patienten maßgeblich verbessern. Der Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS), eine einfach und schnell anwendbare 10-Punkte-Skala zur Auswertung von Schädel-CT-Untersuchungen, wurde bereits als hilfreicher Prädiktor für das klinische Behandlungsergebnis nach erfolgreicher thrombolytischer Therapie identifiziert. Ein Nachteil der nativen Schädel-CT ist, dass der Infarktkern erst mit mehreren Stunden Verzögerung erkennbar wird. Das aktuelle Ausmaß des Infarktkerns kann durch Bestimmung des zerebralen Blutvolumens (CBV) anhand von Perfusions-CT-Untersuchungen schneller ermittelt werden. Diese Studie analysiert retrospektiv multimodale CT-Bildgebung einer Patientenkohorte von ...
Explore the latest in cerebrovascular disease, including recent guidelines and advances in management of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.
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... basal ganglia diseases MeSH C10.228.140.079.127 - basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.127.500 - basal ... basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C10.228.140.300.100.200 - basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C10.228.140.300.100.200.500 ... lewy body disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.862.500 - parkinson disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.862.800 - parkinson disease, secondary ... lewy body disease MeSH C10.228.662.600.400 - parkinson disease MeSH C10.228.662.600.700 - parkinson disease, secondary MeSH ...
... basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C14.907.253.061.200 - basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.061.200.500 - ... basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.420.150.500 - putaminal hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.420.200 - cerebral hemorrhage, ... basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.573.200.150.500 - putaminal hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.573.200.200 - cerebral ... intracranial arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.560.200 - cerebral arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.560.200.175 - cadasil ...
... basal ganglia and thalamus has recently been used as a successful treatment for tremors of patients with Parkinson's disease. ... These conditions are listed below: Perinatal (during birth) cerebral injury Kernicterus Cerebrovascular diseases Drug induced ... Treatment was based on the theory that there is an imbalance of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the basal ganglia. These drugs ... Although no lesions are present in the basal ganglia in primary spasmodic torticollis, fMRI and PET studies have shown ...
Wilson's disease, Huntington's disease, abetalipoproteinemia, Fahr disease, biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease ... There are many causes of childhood chorea, including cerebrovascular accidents, collagen vascular diseases, drug intoxication, ... biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease, Fahr disease, familial dyskinesia-facial myokymia (Bird-Raskind syndrome) due ... Movements cease during sleep, and the disease usually resolves after several months. Unlike in Huntington's disease, which is ...
... and the caudate nucleus of the basal ganglia may implicate dementia due to arteriosclerotic microvascular disease, in ... Because dilated perivascular spaces are so closely correlated with cerebrovascular disease, there is much current research on ... In contrast to VRS of the basal ganglia, VRS in the cerebral cortex are surrounded by only one layer of leptomeninges. As such ... have noted the greater frequency of β-amyloid plaques in the cerebral cortex than in the basal ganglia of Alzheimer's disease ...
It accounts for 20% of all cases of cerebrovascular disease in the United States, behind cerebral thrombosis (40%) and cerebral ... Aspiration by stereotactic surgery or endoscopic drainage may be used in basal ganglia hemorrhages, although successful reports ... January 2013). "Heart disease and stroke statistics-2013 update: a report from the American Heart Association". Circulation. ... https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14480-brain-bleed-hemorrhage-intracranial-hemorrhage Naidich, Thomas P.; ...
Furthermore, it has also been hypothesized that pathways that connect the basal ganglia with the cortex and thalamus is ... cerebrovascular disease, neoplasms, head injury, and some metabolic conditions (homocystinuria, diabetic ketoacidosis, hepatic ... Parkinson's disease: Untreated late-stage Parkinson's disease may present similarly to retarded catatonia with symptoms of ... Parkinson's disease can be distinguished from catatonia by a positive response to levodopa. Catatonia on the other hand will ...
... cerebrovascular attack) Tumors of the nervous system (e.g. cancer) Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases ... brain areas such as basal ganglia, cerebellum, brainstem): Frontal lobe damage Parietal lobe damage Temporal lobe damage ... Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis and organic psychosis.) Many of the diseases and disorders listed ... lysosomal storage diseases such as Niemann-Pick disease can lead to neurological deterioration. The National Institutes of ...
... basal ganglia output nucleus). This dysfunction with the basal ganglia and PFC may explain the executive function and semantic ... cerebrovascular disease, pre-existing neurological disease, severe substance abuse compatible with CNS disorder. While the ... including the basal ganglia, deep white matter, and hippocampal regions. Neuroimaging studies of HIV patients indicate that ... hypertrophy is apparent in the basal ganglia, especially the putamen. Moreover, the results of some studies suggest loss of ...
BBB disruption is associated with hypertension, cerebrovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, and aging. Inflammation ... and basal ganglia, and cause cell death and tissue degeneration. Blood clots also accelerate arterioscelerosis, which causes ... Diseases that can cause secondary hypertension include diabetic nephropathy, glomerular disease, polycystic kidney disease, ... Most often, there are no definite symptoms to this disease. There are some signs that one could look for to deduce it is ...
"Cerebrovascular Disease Service, Palmer 127, West Campus, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Caplan LR. Diakses tanggal 2011 ... serta menginduksi lintasan lipohialinosis di pembuluh ganglia basal, hingga menyebabkankan infark lakunar atau pendarahan otak. ... "Diabetes mellitus and cerebrovascular disease". Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical ... dalam kasus ischaemic cerebrovascular disease.[17] Patofisiologi[sunting , sunting sumber]. Hingga saat ini patofisiologi ...
In contrast, after a stroke, people with moderate anosognosia have a higher frequency of lesions involving the basal ganglia, ... Cerebrovascular Diseases. 27 (3): 280-9. doi:10.1159/000199466. PMID 19202333. Breier, J. I.; Adair, J. C.; Gold, M.; Fennell, ... The term is from Ancient Greek ἀ- a-, "without", νόσος nosos, "disease" and γνῶσις gnōsis, "knowledge". It is also considered a ... Those diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease often display this lack of awareness and insist that nothing is wrong with them. ...
GA1 can be described as a metabolic disorder, a neurometabolic disease, a cerebral palsy or a basal ganglia disorder (it is ... cerebrovascular abrupt and severe neonatal asphyxia ("selective neuronal necrosis")). Amongst 279 patients who had been ... So-called "orphan diseases", such as GA1, can be adopted into wider groups of diseases (such as carnitine deficiency diseases, ... These intermediate breakdown products are particularly prone to affect the basal ganglia, causing many of the signs and ...
... of microglia that exist within the basal ganglia circuitry to one day target regional or circuit-specific microglia in disease ... from 1990s), neuroscientist known for her books on hypertension, cerebrovascular permeability, vascular stress, and cerebral ... from 1970s) physician and neuroscientist working on neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington's disease and Parkinson's ... neuroscientist specializing on the basal ganglia and the neurophysiology of habit formation Carla Green (born 1962), ...
The role of the thalamus in the more anterior pallidal and nigral territories in the basal ganglia system disturbances is ... A cerebrovascular accident (stroke) can lead to the thalamic pain syndrome, which involves a one-sided burning or aching ... Fatal familial insomnia is a hereditary prion disease in which degeneration of the thalamus occurs, causing the patient to ... thalami List of regions in the human brain Nonmotor region of the ventral nuclear group of the thalamus Primate basal ganglia ...
This has been shown to be related to decreased activation in the basal ganglia and frontal cortex. Elgh, Domellof, Linder, ... Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, degenerative and fatal brain disease, in which cell to cell connections in the brain ... can also be the result of a stroke as the resulting lack of oxygen can cause damage to the location of the cerebrovascular ... Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease. PD and aging share a lot of the same neuropathologic and behavioral ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... For more detailed coverage, see Template:Cerebrovascular diseases. Other. *Sleep disorders *For more detailed coverage, see ... A demyelinating disease is any disease of the nervous system in which the myelin sheath of neurons is damaged.[1] This damage ... Demyelinating diseases are traditionally classified in two kinds: demyelinating myelinoclastic diseases and demyelinating ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... Cipolla MJ (July 2007). "Cerebrovascular function in pregnancy and eclampsia". Hypertension. 50 (1): 14-24. doi:10.1161/ ...
Adults with cerebral palsy may have ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and trauma more often. Obesity in ... Dyskinetic cerebral palsy (sometimes abbreviated DCP) is primarily associated with damage to the basal ganglia and the ... Cheney, PD (1997). "Pathophysiology of the corticospinal system and basal ganglia in cerebral palsy". Mental Retardation and ... Chronic disease risk, such as obesity, is also higher among adults with cerebral palsy than the general population. Common ...
G22) Parkinsonism in diseases classified elsewhere. *(G23) Other degenerative diseases of basal ganglia *(G23.0) Hallervorden- ... G46) Vascular syndromes of brain in cerebrovascular diseases *(G46.0) Middle cerebral artery syndrome ... G00-G99 - Diseases of the nervous system[edit]. (G00-G09) Inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system[edit]. *(G00) ... G30) Alzheimer's disease. *(G31) Other degenerative diseases of nervous system, not elsewhere classified *(G31.0) ...
... and thereby lowers the levels of dopamine in the basal ganglia neurons and leads to the Parkinson's symptoms. Additionally, ... or a genetic predisposition to the disease are more likely to develop the drug induced form of this disease as a result of ... Clinical pharmacology and therapeutic role in cerebrovascular disorders". Drugs. 26 (1): 44-69. doi:10.2165/00003495-198326010- ... Emanuel MB (July 1979). "Specific calcium antagonists in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease". Angiology. 30 (7): 454- ...
"Cerebrovascular Disease Service, Palmer 127, West Campus, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Caplan LR. Diakses tanggal 2011 ... serta menginduksi lintasan lipohialinosis di pembuluh ganglia basal, hingga menyebabkankan infark lakunar atau pendarahan otak. ... "Diabetes mellitus and cerebrovascular disease". Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical ... Demyelinating disease, hipoglisemia, hiperglisemia, primary ocular disease-glaucoma, vitreal hemorrhage. floaters and the like ...
... the parietal and basal ganglia regions are often affected in degenerative brain diseases associated with aging and it has ... cerebrovascular disease, Parkinson's disease, and Lou Gehrig's disease. While much research has focused on diseases of aging, ... basal ganglia, and to a lesser degree, the frontal white matter, has also been noted. Although these levels were studied in the ... Age-related neuro-pathologies such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, hypertension and arteriosclerosis ...
... in individuals with Parkinson's disease, as well as in individuals with other disorders affecting basal ganglia circuitry, are ... Marie described the case of a Frenchman who started speaking in an Alsatian accent after suffering from a cerebrovascular ... Vanlanckersidtis, D; Pachana, N; Cummings, J; Sidtis, J (2006). "Dysprosodic speech following basal ganglia insult: Toward a ... Miller, Nick (2012). "Speech, voice and language in Parkinson's disease: Changes and interventions". Neurodegenerative Disease ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... For more detailed coverage, see Template:Cerebrovascular diseases. Other. *Sleep disorders *For more detailed coverage, see ... The disease exists in both rapid and slow onsets, and involves inflammation of the gray matter of the bulb.[1] Infantile PBP is ... Wilson, John Eastman (1909). Diseases of the nervous system. Boericke & Runyon. p. 296. Retrieved 5 December 2017. Infantile ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... For more detailed coverage, see Template:Cerebrovascular diseases. Other. *Sleep disorders *For more detailed coverage, see ... "Manual for the Surveillance of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (5th Edition, 2012). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ... Poliomyelitis has existed for thousands of years, with depictions of the disease in ancient art.[1] The disease was first ...
Diffuse white matter changes (leukoencephalopathy) and multiple lacunar infarcts in the basal ganglia of the thalamus are ... Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 20(2), 85-86,87,88,89,90,91. Reference, Genetics Home. "CARASIL". Genetics Home ... Several disease that are frequently used for differential diagnoses include Binswanger's disease, CADASIL, Nasu-Hakula disease ... CARASIL is an autosomal recessive disease, meaning that both parents must be a carrier for the allele in order for the disease ...
Basal ganglia disease *پارکینسونیزم *پارکینسون. *Postencephalitic. *نشانگان نورولپتیک بدخیم. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP ... Baizabal-Carvallo, JF; Jankovic J. (2012-07-18). "Movement disorders in autoimmune diseases". Movement disorders : official ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... Disease Primers. 3 (17071): 17071. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2017.71. PMID 28980624.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v van ... Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND) or Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease ... Other names for ALS include Charcot's disease, Lou Gehrig's disease, and motor neurone disease.[1] Amyotrophic comes from the ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... "Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 179 (4): 181-241.. *^ Owens, Laurence J; France, Karyn G; Wiggs, Luci (1999). "REVIEW ... It is neither a disease nor a specific condition. (from p. 322). CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link) ... Idiopathic hypersomnia: a chronic neurological disease similar to narcolepsy in which there is an increased amount of fatigue ...
basal ganglia, particularly the subthalamic nucleus, substantia nigra and globus pallidus;. *brainstem, particularly the ... US: The Foundation for PSP, CBD and Related Brain Diseases[47]. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g Golbe LI (April 2014). " ... PSP may be mistaken for other neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. The cause of the ... Basal Ganglia and cerebellum with vertical gaze and pseudobulbar palsy, nuchal dystonia and dementia". Archives of Neurology. ...
Wilson's disease, biotin-responsive basal ganglia disease, and some forms of encephalitis. Perinatal asphyxia can cause ... In the case of Leigh disease, crucial cells in the brain stem and basal ganglia are affected. This causes a chronic lack of ... Dystonia, nystagmus, and problems with the autonomic nervous system suggest damage to the basal ganglia and brain stem ... When hyperbilirubinemia is not treated with phototherapy, the bilirubin can accumulate in the basal ganglia and cause lesions ...
Commands are routed though the basal ganglia and are modified by input from the cerebellum before being relayed through the ... A large proportion of neurological disorders, ranging from cerebrovascular accident (stroke) and Parkinson's disease to ... Deeper muscles such as those involved in posture often are controlled from nuclei in the brain stem and basal ganglia. ... Other syndromes or conditions that can induce skeletal muscle atrophy are congestive heart disease and some diseases of the ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... The rarity of the disease complicates efforts to establish guidelines.[30] GABAA agonists,[2] usually diazepam but sometimes ... These patients tend not to have GAD antibodies.[2] Passive transfer of the disease by plasma injection has been shown in ... The stiff-man syndrome (SMS, also known as stiff-person syndrome) is a rare central nervous system autoimmune disease, but is ...
A finding of reduced dopamine-related activity in the basal ganglia can rule out drug-induced parkinsonism, but reduced basal ... "Functional organization of the basal ganglia: therapeutic implications for Parkinson's disease". Movement Disorders. 23 Suppl 3 ... Illustration of Parkinson's disease by William Richard Gowers, first published in A Manual of Diseases of the Nervous System ( ... There are five major pathways in the brain connecting other brain areas with the basal ganglia. These are known as the motor, ...
... cerebrovascular disease, abnormal bleeding, hemorrhage and/or blood clotting disorders, advanced kidney disease or on dialysis ... Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... Louis ED (2014). "'Essential tremor' or 'the essential tremors': is this one disease or a family of diseases?". ... "Journal of Parkinson's Disease. 7 (2): 369-376. doi:10.3233/JPD-160992. ISSN 1877-7171.. ...
... most often the lenticulostriate vessels of the basal ganglia, and are associated with chronic hypertension.[3] Charcot-Bouchard ... Cerebrovascular diseases (G45-G46 and I60-I69, 430-438). Brain ischemia/. cerebral infarction. (ischemic stroke/TIA). ... Intracranial aneurysms may result from diseases acquired during life, or from genetic conditions. Lifestyle diseases including ... Intracranial aneurysm, also known as brain aneurysm, is a cerebrovascular disorder in which weakness in the wall of a cerebral ...
It accounts for 20% of all cases of cerebrovascular disease in the United States, behind cerebral thrombosis (40%) and cerebral ... Aspiration by stereotactic surgery or endoscopic drainage may be used in basal ganglia hemorrhages, although successful reports ... "Heart disease and stroke statistics--2013 update: a report from the American Heart Association". Circulation. 127 (1): e6-e245 ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... "Archives of Disease in Childhood. 78 (1): 89-94. doi:10.1136/adc.78.1.89. PMC 1717437. PMID 9534686.. ... It is not known what percentage of people with IIH will remit spontaneously, and what percentage will develop chronic disease.[ ... Those patients in whom no tumour was found were therefore diagnosed with "pseudotumor cerebri" (a disease mimicking a brain ...
2005). "Cerebrovascular Diseases". Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-141620-7. . ... These lesions are concentrated around the basal ganglia, peri-ventricular white matter, and the pons, and are similar to those ... although MRI is able to detect signs of the disease years prior to clinical manifestation of disease.[2][3] ... 2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. p. 545. ISBN 978-0-7216-2921-6. .. ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... The current terminology and diagnostic criteria for the disease were established at a 2007 conference of experts on the disease ... As the disease progresses one of three groups of symptoms predominate. These are: *Parkinsonism (slow, stiff movement, writing ... MSA, Parkinson's disease, the Lewy body dementias, and other more rare conditions make up the synucleinopathies- ...
The most common acquired causes of chorea are cerebrovascular disease and, in the developing world, HIV infection-usually ... Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... Huntington's disease[edit]. Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disease and most common inherited cause of chorea. The ... They include the classical Huntington's disease 'mimic' or phenocopy syndromes, called Huntington's disease-like syndrome types ...
Basal ganglia. *Chorea. *Dystonia. *Parkinson's disease. Cortex. *ACA syndrome. *MCA syndrome. *PCA syndrome ... Subacute combined degeneration of spinal cord, also known as Lichtheim's disease,[1][2] refers to degeneration of the posterior ...
Alzheimer's disease, dementia, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, mitochondria disease, and any disorder that ... Majid Samii - the Iranian Neurosurgeon who innovated basal brain surgery and won the World physician prize in 2007 ... and cerebrovascular system.[1] Neurosurgery is often colloquially referred to as "brain surgery" though neurosurgeons often ... "Chapter 9: Degenerative diseases". www.neuropathology-web.org.. *^ Filosto, Massimiliano; Tomelleri, Giuliano; Tonin, Paola; ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... Lyme disease), neuroendocrine diseases (such as thyroiditis, Addison's disease, adrenal insufficiency, Cushing's disease), ... Other diseases, listed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, include infectious diseases (such as Epstein-Barr ... Iceland disease and Akureyri disease: synonymous terms used for an outbreak of fatigue symptoms in Iceland.[118] ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... Brewis M, Poskanzer DC, Rolland C, et al., "Neurological disease in an English city". Acta Neurologica Scand Suppl 24:1--89, ... been demonstrated a block to the free flow of cerebrospinal fluid is a contributory factor in the pathogenesis of the disease. ...
基底核(Basal ganglia)是前腦中一組互相聯結的結構。基底核的首要功能可能是行為選擇(英語:action selection):它們將抑制信號發送到腦中可以引起動作行為的部位,而遇到恰當的情形可以解除抑制,於是動作發生系統可以發起動作。而獎懲作 ... 中風(英語:Template:Cerebrovascular diseases). *睡眠. *先天性(英語:Template:Congenital malformations
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... Last PM, Sherlock S (February 1960). "Systemic absorption of orally administered neomycin in liver disease". N. Engl. J. Med. ... Hepatic encephalopathy can occur in those with acute or chronic liver disease.[3] Episodes can be triggered by infections, GI ... The antibiotic rifaximin may be recommended in addition to lactulose for those with recurrent disease.[1] It is a nonabsorbable ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... Lyme disease or Bartonella henselae may also cause encephalitis.[citation needed] Other bacterial pathogens, like Mycoplasma ... "Clinical Infectious Diseases. 57 (8): 1114-28. doi:10.1093/cid/cit458. PMC 3783060. PMID 23861361.. ... "Emerging Infectious Diseases. 20 (9): 1443-51. doi:10.3201/eid2009.131332. PMC 4178385. PMID 25148201.. ...
Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD. *Postencephalitic. *NMS. *PKAN. *Tauopathy *PSP. *Striatonigral degeneration ... Familial Alzheimer's disease[edit]. Familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) or early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (EOFAD) is ... History of Alzheimer's disease[edit]. Main article: Alzheimer's disease § History. The symptoms of the disease as a distinct ... Early-onset Alzheimer's disease, also called early-onset Alzheimer's, or early-onset AD, is Alzheimer's disease diagnosed ...
Brain regions in which cannabinoid receptors are very abundant are the basal ganglia, associated with movement control; the ... particularly those with some degree of coronary artery or cerebrovascular disease, poses greater risks due to the resulting ... Cannabis arteritis is a very rare peripheral vascular disease similar to Buerger's disease. There were about 50 confirmed cases ... The association with these diseases has only been reported in cases where people have smoked cannabis. The authors cautioned ...
Basal Ganglia / blood supply*, pathology. Basal Ganglia Cerebrovascular Disease / pathology*. Blood Proteins / isolation & ...
Basal Ganglia Cerebrovascular Disease * Peripheral Vascular Diseases (Peripheral Artery Disease) * Carotid Body Tumor ... They can also help patients manage diabetes, blood pressure and cholesterol as well as treat artery disease. Treatment for more ...
Prevalence and vascular risk factors of basal ganglia calcifications in patients at risk for cerebrovascular disease. ... Automated CT quantification methods for the assessment of interstitial lung disease in collagen vascular diseases: A systematic ... Association of Chromosome 9p21 With Subsequent Coronary Heart Disease Events.. Patel RS, Schmidt AF, Tragante V, McCubrey RO, ... Subjects with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis have an increased burden of coronary artery disease: An evaluation in ...
Sickle-cell disease (SCD) is the most common cause of ischemic stroke in children and it happens in about 11% of patients ... The basal ganglia or thalamus, and brainstem or cerebellum, are less involved. Silent infarctions occur in 37% of children ... The following key words were used: Transcranial Doppler, Sickle cell disease, stroke in children, Cerebrovascular disease ( ... Huttenlocher, P.R., Moohr, J.W., Johns, L. and Brown, F.D. (1984) Cerebral Blood Flow in Sickle Cell Cerebrovascular Disease. ...
19 exp basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease. 20 exp cerebral hemorrhage. 21 exp cerebral ischemia ... The Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke *Biernaskie J, Chernenko G, Corbett D. Efficacy of rehabilitative experience declines ...
Nervous System Diseases. Vascular Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. Parkinsonian Disorders. Basal Ganglia Diseases. Movement ... Alzheimer Disease. Dementia. Huntington Disease. Lewy Body Disease. Cerebrovascular Disorders. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Alzheimer Disease Stroke Parkinsons Disease Lewy Body Dementia Huntington Disease ... Alzheimer disease. Stroke. Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration. Lewy Body Dementia. Huntington Disease. mild cognitive impairment ...
Basal Ganglia Diseases. Diseases of the BASAL GANGLIA including the PUTAMEN; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; claustrum; AMYGDALA; and CAUDATE ... in patients with cerebrovascular disease. A total of 182 patients with cerebrovascular disease and 166 controls were examined ... Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic occlusive cerebrovascular disease with unknown etiology, sharing many similar clinical ... Study on the oral mucosal diseases in patients with cerebrovascular diseases.. To investigate the prevalence of oral mucosal ...
A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists ... cerebrovascular; Fahr disease, familial (formerly); Primary familial brain calcification; Familial idiopathic basal ganglia ... Diseases expand submenu for Diseases * Browse A-Z * Find Diseases By Category expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category * ... Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification 1; Fahrs Syndrome (formerly); FIBGC (formerly); Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification ...
... rare and progressive cerebrovascular disorder that is caused by blocked arteries at the base of the brain in the basal ganglia. ... moyamoya disease can be fatal as the result of intracerebral hemorrhage. It is a ... In this disease, the arteries get blocked at the base of the brain in the basal ganglia. ... What is Moyamoya Disease Moyamoya disease is a rare, progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the ...
In the UMC Utrecht research is concentrated in six programs with each a limited number of disease targets. Patient care is ... Prevalence and vascular risk factors of basal ganglia calcifications in patients at risk for cerebrovascular disease. de ...
... cardiovascular disease (CVD), and stroke. Restless legs syndrome, or Willis-Ekbom Disease... ... Most patients who developed RLS had infarcts in subcortical regions, including the basal ganglia/corona radiate, pontine region ... cerebrovascular disease, or heart disease in patients with RLS/PLMS [2, 10, 14, 16, 40, 61, 71, 78, 84, 87, 97, 121, 132, 136, ... The relationship among restless legs syndrome (Willis-Ekbom Disease), hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and cerebrovascular ...
exp cerebrovascular disorders/or exp basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease/. *2.. exp basal ganglia hemorrhage/or exp brain ... MH "Cerebrovascular Disorders") OR (MH "Basal Ganglia Cerebrovascular Disease+") OR (MH "Carotid Artery Diseases+") OR (MH " ... or intracerebral or infratentorial or supratentorial or MCA or anterior circulation or posterior circulation or basal ganglia) ... or intracerebral or infratentorial or supratentorial or MCA or anterior circulation or posterior circulation or basal ganglia) ...
"Basal Ganglia Diseases".. *Basal Ganglia Diseases. *Basal Ganglia Cerebrovascular Disease. *Chorea Gravidarum ... "Basal Ganglia Diseases" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Basal Ganglia Diseases" was a major or ... "Basal Ganglia Diseases" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Diseases of the BASAL GANGLIA including the PUTAMEN; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; claustrum; AMYGDALA; and CAUDATE NUCLEUS. DYSKINESIAS ( ...
Cerebrovascular diseaseCerebrovascular disease--SurgeryBasal gangliaNeurosciencesMedicine. 128. Irreversible Hemichorea- ... Cervical vertebrae--DiseasesQuality of lifeDystoniaBotulinum toxinMovement disordersMedicineNeurosciences. ...
Cerebrovascular diseaseCerebrovascular disease--SurgeryBasal gangliaNeurosciencesMedicine. 22. Irreversible Hemichorea- ... TremorParkinsons diseaseNeurosciencesMovement disordersMedicine. 41. Restless Legs Syndrome: Current Concepts about Disease ... Parkinsons disease--TreatmentBotulinum toxinDystoniaCervical vertebrae--DiseasesDeglutition disordersMovement disorders ... TremorParkinsons diseaseNeuropsychologyMovement disordersNeurosciencesMedicine. 2. A Pilot Study of Botulinum Toxin for Jerky ...
Haber Lab - Basal Ganglia and Degenerative Diseases. *Halterman Stroke Lab - Targeted Therapeutics for Cerebrovascular Diseases ... Haber Lab - Basal Ganglia and Degenerative Diseases. *Huxlin Lab - Behavioral Studies and Functional Imaging of Visual Function ... Halterman Stroke Lab - Targeted Therapeutics for Cerebrovascular Diseases. *Holt Lab - Synaptic Pharmacology of the Vestibular ... Halterman Stroke Lab - Targeted Therapeutics for Cerebrovascular Diseases. *Huxlin Lab - Behavioral Studies and Functional ...
... obtain a history of neurologic disorders that may involve the basal ganglia (eg, cerebrovascular disease, encephalitis, head ... Support for the hypothesis that TD may result from blockade of postsynaptic dopamine receptors in the basal ganglia and other ... In Fahr syndrome, calcification is often seen in the brain, particularly in the basal ganglia. Imaging results can also exclude ... Hypothesized pathways among basal ganglia and other structures of the central nervous system ...
... progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the basal ganglia, which is located at ... ... Moyamoya disease is a rare, progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the basal ganglia, which is ... Moyamoya disease is a rare, progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the basal ganglia. ... Known side effects of moyamoya disease. Side effects of moyamoya disease are most likely to first appear with an ischemic ...
From Geremia G, Greenlee W. In Atlas of Cerebrovascular Disease. Edited by PB Gorelick and MA Sloan. Philadelphia, Current ... This CT scan shows a low-density, well-defined lacunar infarct (arrow) within the basal ganglia. ... From Geremia G, Greenlee W. In Atlas of Cerebrovascular Disease. Edited by PB Gorelick and MA Sloan. Philadelphia, Current ... From Furie K, et al: Cerebrovascular disease. In Atlas of Clinical Neurology. Edited by RN Rosenberg. Philadelphia, Current ...
... included 20 patients with lower body parkinsonism and cerebrovascular disease but without lesions affecting the basal ganglia. ... 123I-FP-CIT SPECT imaging of dopamine transporters in patients with cerebrovascular disease and clinical diagnosis of vascular ... The criteria for VP include (1) bradykinesia, (2) cerebrovascular disease visualised by CT or MRI and (3) a temporal ... Parkinson disease. Although clinical diagnosis of Parkinson disease is often straightforward and robust in cases with classic ...
Virchow-Robin spaces in the basal ganglia and white matter: correlations with sleep quality in patients with cerebrovascular ... Association of sleep disorders with cerebrovascular disease including:. *Prevalence, impact and characterization of sleep ... Neurophysiological aspects of sleep and cerebrovascular disease (e.g., electroencephalography, eye and limb movement detection) ... Unattended hospital and home sleep apnea testing following cerebrovascular events. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2017 Jan;26(1):143 ...
Common etiologies include CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES; and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. ... Diseases of the BASAL GANGLIA including the PUTAMEN; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; claustrum; AMYGDALA; and CAUDATE NUCLEUS. DYSKINESIAS ( ... Basal Ganglia Diseases (Basal Ganglia Disease). Subscribe to New Research on Basal Ganglia Diseases ... Basal Ganglia Disease; Extrapyramidal Disorder; Basal Ganglia Disorders; Lenticulostriate Disorders; Basal Ganglia Disorder; ...
... diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other medical and health issues. ... Basal Ganglia Cerebrovascular Disease *Chorea Gravidarum *Parkinsonian Disorders Source - MeSH 2007 Broader terms for Basal ... Introduction: Basal ganglia disease. Description of Basal ganglia disease. Basal ganglia disease: Diseases of the BASAL GANGLIA ... Basal ganglia *Basal ganglia symptoms (15 causes) *Basal *Ganglia Basal ganglia disease: Rare Disease. Office of Rare Diseases ...
We propose models that may underlie key roles of dopamine and its receptors in autoimmune diseases. ... We propose models that may underlie key roles of dopamine and its receptors in autoimmune diseases. ... and in inflamed tissues of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases or rheumatoid arthritis. The distorted expression of DARs ... and in inflamed tissues of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases or rheumatoid arthritis. The distorted expression of DARs ...
The autologous blood injection model in mice involves the stereotaxic injection of arterial blood into the basal ganglia ... Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common form of cerebrovascular disease and is associated with significant morbidity and ... Two murine models in popular use include intrastriatal (basal ganglia) injection of either autologous whole blood or ... Medicine, Issue 86, Autonomic Nervous System Diseases, Digestive System Neoplasms, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Pancreatic ...
The autologous blood injection model in mice involves the stereotaxic injection of arterial blood into the basal ganglia ... Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common form of cerebrovascular disease and is associated with significant morbidity and ... Two murine models in popular use include intrastriatal (basal ganglia) injection of either autologous whole blood or ... The goal of the autologous rodent model of surgically-induced endometriosis is to mimic the disease in women. We and others ...
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common form of cerebrovascular disease and is associated with significant morbidity and ... Two murine models in popular use include intrastriatal (basal ganglia) injection of either autologous whole blood or ... Animal models of both ALS and SCI can model many clinically-relevant aspects of these diseases, including phrenic motor neuron ... Patients ultimately succumb to the disease on average 2-5 years following diagnosis because of respiratory paralysis due to ...
Authors have documented hypertension, cerebrovascular accident and basal ganglia infarction in a 37-year-old patient. ... temporal and anterofrontal cortex and basal ganglia. Dopamine-rich brain regions appear to be relatively specific targets for ... In our practice we routinely inform the possibility of underlying systemic disease and importance of physician consultation in ... Migraine is a marker for systemic disease. Venugopal, Natarajapillai; Sriram Gopal, M R1 ...
Common etiologies include CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES; and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Descriptor ID. ... "Basal Ganglia Diseases" by people in this website by year, and whether "Basal Ganglia Diseases" was a major or minor topic of ... "Basal Ganglia Diseases" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Diseases of the BASAL GANGLIA including the PUTAMEN; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; claustrum; AMYGDALA; and CAUDATE NUCLEUS. DYSKINESIAS ( ...
ARTHROGRYPOSIS, PERTHES DISEASE, AND UPWARD GAZE PALSY basal ganglia calcification + basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease + ... Diseases Aging & Age-Related Disease Cancer Cardiovascular Disease Developmental Disease Diabetes Hematologic Disease Immune & ... Inflammatory Disease Neurological Disease Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome Renal Disease Respiratory Disease Sensory Organ Disease ... A degenerative disease of the central nervous system characterized by balance difficulties; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS ( ...
  • Several neurological diseases with behavioral disorders may lead to impaired processing of social and/or emotional informations. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • An association between cerebrovascular events and psychiatric disorders has been reported. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Gene dysregulation in peripheral blood of moyamoya disease and comparison with other vascular disorders. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic occlusive cerebrovascular disease with unknown etiology, sharing many similar clinical symptoms with other vascular disorders. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Untreated sleep disorders may contribute to secondary causes of uncontrolled hypertension, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and stroke. (springer.com)
  • Sleep disorders such as insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are established risk factors for increased risk of hypertension and vascular diseases. (springer.com)
  • Krauss JK, Nobbe F, Wakhloo AK, Mohadjer M, Vach W, Mundinger F. Movement disorders in astrocytomas of the basal ganglia and the thalamus. (umassmed.edu)
  • Mehanna R. and Jankovic J. Movement disorders in cerebrovascular diseases. (eso-stroke.org)
  • In this article, the authors discuss the use of pCT in the assessment of acute stroke and other cerebrovascular disorders. (appliedradiology.com)
  • I. Neuroanatomy 1) The Brain Cerebral Cortex The Limbic System Basal Ganglia Thalamus Hypothalamus Cerebellum The Brainstem Cranial Nerves 2) Spinal Cord 3) Peripheral Nervous System Sensory Receptors Brachial Plexus Lumbosacral Plexus Autonomic Nervous System Enteric Nervous System 4)Neuro-Ophthalmology 5) Neuro-Otology 6) Neuro-Urology 7) Blood Supply of the Nervous System 8) Development of the Nervous System and Malformations 9) Neurochemistry and Disorders of Neurotransmitter Systems II. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • Even in the absence of disease modifying therapies, other dementia disorders still require specific treatment strategies, such as modification of vascular risk factors in vascular cognitive impairment, and acetylcholinesterase inhibition for Alzheimer's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, for example. (bmj.com)
  • Other movement disorders - eg, tardive dyskinesia, cerebrovascular disease. (patient.info)
  • Gait variability and basal ganglia disorders: stride-to-stride variations of gait cycle timing in Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease. (rush.edu)
  • Troubles De L'Audition Centrale 0 questions Disorders of hearing or auditory perception resulting from disease of the central auditory pathways or auditory association cortical areas. (lookformedical.com)
  • Cerebrovascular function during cognition in Parkinson's disease: A functional transcranial Doppler sonography study. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Recent evidence has linked cerebrovascular abnormalities with Parkinson's Disease (PD), which may provide a new neurophysiological understanding of cognitive impairment in PD. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The severity of Parkinson's Disease symptoms changes faster than researchers thought, so clinical trials should be designed differently. (patientslikeme.com)
  • Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder affecting the brain centers that are responsible for control of movement. (free-ed.net)
  • 6) Inform patient about American Parkinson's Disease Foundation for patient education and group support. (free-ed.net)
  • In the current study, we quantified ALFF to determine changes in intrinsic neural oscillations in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) on and off L-DOPA. (frontiersin.org)
  • In particular, Parkinson's disease was overdiagnosed. (bmj.com)
  • Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterised by tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia and postural instability, and associated with a number of non-motor features, including progressive cognitive impairment, neuropsychiatric symptoms, dysautonomia and sleep disturbance. (bmj.com)
  • Causes include Parkinson's disease, Parkinsonism, other extrapyramidal diseases and multiple sclerosis. (patient.info)
  • Eye movement parameters and cognitive functions in Parkinson's disease patients without dementia. (edu.hk)
  • In 2000, she began her PhD studies in the field of Parkinson's disease supervised by Dr Jian Guan, Professors Richard Faull and Dianne McCarthy. (aut.ac.nz)
  • Differentiating atypical parkinsonism from Parkinson's disease can be a challenge in patients presenting with symptoms in early disease stages. (appliedradiology.com)
  • The appropriateness of and the added diagnostic value of a brain MRI scan in the work-up of parkinsonism is described in a newly published article in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease . (appliedradiology.com)
  • At Radboud University Medical Center, patients presenting with classical symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease and with a satisfactory response to a normal dose of dopaminergic medication, do not have a brain MRI on a routine basis. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Diffusion weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging may provide quantitative measures of the basal ganglia, brainstem and cerebellum, which could assist in the identification of both Parkinson's disease and atypical parkinsonism. (appliedradiology.com)
  • The SIGN guideline on Diagnosis and pharmacological management of Parkinson's disease examines the evidence around the diagnostic process and makes recommendations designed to improve accuracy of diagnosis. (guidelinesinpractice.co.uk)
  • Sickle-cell disease (SCD) is the most common cause of ischemic stroke in children and it happens in about 11% of patients between the age of 2 and 20 years old. (scirp.org)
  • The main objective of this study is to examine empathy in patients suffering from stroke (various locations with an emphasis on frontal stroke), Fronto-temporal dementia, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study encompasses the maintenance and utilization of a repository of samples from patients with cerebrovascular disease and stroke. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The first symptom of Moyamoya disease tends to often be stroke or recurrent transient ischemic attacks that are also commonly called mini-strokes. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Understanding the relationships between RLS and hypertension, CVD, and stroke has important implications for reducing the risks associated with these diseases. (springer.com)
  • Side effects of moyamoya disease are most likely to first appear with an ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, or a mini-stroke, also known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA). (naturalpedia.com)
  • Moyamoya disease causes an ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, or a mini-stroke, which in turn causes weakness or numbness in an arm or leg, difficulty speaking, or paralysis affecting one side of the body. (naturalpedia.com)
  • It has been proposed that transient cerebrovascular ischemia (in the absence of arrested cardiac function or stroke) is associated with the development of cognitive impairment. (ahajournals.org)
  • This feed focuses cerebrovascular accidents including ischemic and paralytic stroke. (meta.org)
  • In children, the first symptom of Moyamoya disease is often stroke, or recurrent transient ischemic attacks (TIA, commonly referred to as "mini-strokes"), frequently accompanied by muscular weakness or paralysis affecting one side of the body, or seizures. (uic.edu)
  • Thus, there have been few cohort studies investigating the associations between glucose tolerance levels, defined by a 75-g glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and the risks of developing stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD) in each sex in Asian populations. (ahajournals.org)
  • Individuals with idiopathic forms of bipolar disorder further face a considerably increased risk for cerebrovascular mortality and stroke. (springer.com)
  • Clinicians should be mindful of the potential for stroke to induce mania and recognize that individuals with bipolar disorder are at special risk for vascular disease, a risk that early and assertive clinical intervention may potentially mitigate. (springer.com)
  • The individual approach combines a vascular risk factor modification and various therapies addressing the specific subtypes of stroke (eg, antiplatelet drugs to prevent cerebral infarction in large and small artery diseases of the brain, carotid endarterectomy or stenting for tight carotid artery stenosis, and oral anticoagulants to prevent cardiac emboli). (medscape.com)
  • This aim of this study was to describe the aetiological, clinical and prognostic characteristics of patients with thalamic haemorrhage as compared with that of patients with basal ganglia-internal capsule haemorrhage collected from a prospective hospital-based stroke registry. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Reported is the change in cognitive function after neuronal cell transplantation as a treatment for basal ganglia stroke. (neurology.org)
  • He has authored and co-authored more than 200 scientific articles on cerebrovascular diseases in journals such as Stroke, Cerebrovascular Diseases, Lancet, the Age and Ageing, and the British Medical Journal. (gla.ac.uk)
  • A family history of cardiovascular disease included a history of stroke, coronary artery disease, hypertension, or sudden cardiac death. (ahajournals.org)
  • In her role as Cerebrovascular Diseases Research Lead at NISAN, she aims to conduct high quality research into the prevention of stroke, and particularly reduce ethnic disparities. (aut.ac.nz)
  • She is highly motivated to effect prevention of stroke and dementia in Pacific and Asian communities, given the high impact of this disease in these communities, and her own ethnic heritage. (aut.ac.nz)
  • This review will discuss the clinical, neurosonologic, and neuroimaging features of uncommon causes of stroke (cervical artery dissection, Takayasu arteritis, patent foramen ovale-stroke, Moyamoya disease, and sickle cell disease) and review current diagnostic methods. (j-nn.org)
  • Stroke is a heterogeneous disease that may be caused by various mechanisms, and defining the mechanism of stroke is the first step in making treatment decisions. (j-nn.org)
  • PFO-stroke), sickle cell disease (SCD), or coagulopathies caused by various conditions such as anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. (j-nn.org)
  • Selective Genetic Overlap Between Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Diseases of the Frontotemporal Dementia Spectrum. (harvard.edu)
  • Physicians should be aware that conventional wisdom has not appreciably improved AD pathology or disease outlook in the last 100 years since Alois Alzheimer first described the neurodegeneration that characterizes this dementia. (j-alz.com)
  • Vascular dementia is a heterogeneous entity with a large clinicopathological spectrum that has been classically linked to cortical and subcortical ischemic changes resulting from systemic, cardiac, or local large- or small-vessel disease occlusion. (medscape.com)
  • In a clinical setting, differences between the cognitive disturbances in vascular dementia and Alzheimer disease are of limited value in distinguishing the 2 conditions. (medscape.com)
  • Vascular dementia may have less significant memory dysfunction than Alzheimer disease. (medscape.com)
  • There was a family history of cardiovascular disease but not of dementia. (bmj.com)
  • Alzheimer's disease is the most common neurodegenerative cause of dementia. (bmj.com)
  • Naming and behavioural problems are commonly seen within the frontotemporal lobar degeneration spectrum, which includes behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (previously Pick's disease), progressive non-fluent aphasia, and semantic dementia (fluent speech with loss of word meaning). (bmj.com)
  • Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and their receptor (RAGE) occur in dementia of the Alzheimer's type and diabetic microvascular disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cognitive dysfunction in vascular dementia may relate to microvascular disease resembling that in diabetes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We tested if, among people with cerebrovascular disease, (1) those with dementia have higher levels of neuronal and vascular AGEs and (2) if cognitive dysfunction depends on neuronal and/or vascular AGE levels. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These findings support the possibility that cerebral accumulation of AGEs may contribute to dementia in people with cerebrovascular disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Neuropathological examination of post-mortem brains of patients with dementia due to neurodegenerative and cerebrovascular changes remains important, as the family wants to be sure about the clinical diagnosis and the risk of a hereditary disease. (touchneurology.com)
  • Although post-mortem neuropathological examination is increasingly performed less often in most western countries, it is still needed in patients with dementia, due to neurodegenerative and cerebrovascular changes, It is important for the family to be sure about the clinical diagnosis and to exclude the risk of a hereditary disease. (touchneurology.com)
  • Unlike in Huntington's disease , which is generally of adult onset and associated with an unremitting autosomal dominant movement disorder and dementia, neuroimaging in Sydenham's chorea is normal and other family members are unaffected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by calcium deposits in the basal ganglia, a part of the brain that helps start and control movement. (nih.gov)
  • It generally occurs in patients with acute kidney injury or severe chronic kidney disease, which may result from multiple metabolic derangements [ 1 , 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here, we report a case of a non-diabetic dialysis patient with UE and typical acute bilateral basal ganglia lesions, along with a literature review. (biomedcentral.com)
  • He suffered from acute infarction of left basal ganglia, resulting from occlusion of the left middle cerebral arterial 6 months prior to admission. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • The disease is usually latent, occurring up to 6 months after the acute infection, but may occasionally be the presenting symptom of rheumatic fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • A major manifestation of acute rheumatic fever, Sydenham's chorea is a result of an autoimmune response that occurs following infection by group A β-hemolytic streptococci [7] that destroys cells in the corpus striatum of the basal ganglia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Soejima T, Takeshita I, Yamamoto H et al (1987) Computed tomography of germinomas in basal ganglia and thalamus. (springer.com)
  • Higano S, Takahashi S, Ishii K et al (1994) Germinoma originating in the basal ganglia and thalamus: MR and CT evaluation. (springer.com)
  • Kim DI, Yoon PH, Ryu YH et al (1998) MRI of germinomas arising from the basal ganglia and thalamus. (springer.com)
  • Moon WK, Chang KH, Kim IO et al (1994) Germinomas of the basal ganglia and thalamus: MR findings and a comparison between MR and CT. (springer.com)
  • The basal ganglia, thalamus, and subthalamic region were intact. (eso-stroke.org)
  • In particular, anterior parietal strokes, without any evidence of involvement of the basal ganglia, thalamus or subthalamic nucleus, have been associated with contralateral hemiballism 5 . (eso-stroke.org)
  • The most frequent site of the SCI lesion was basal ganglia, after which the periventricular white matter, cerebral cortex, and thalamus were the most frequent sites. (ahajournals.org)
  • Early stage basal ganglia germ cell tumors appear as ill-defined small patchy hyperintense lesions without cysts on T2-weighted images, are frequently associated with ipsilateral hemiatrophy, and sometimes show microhemorrhage. (springer.com)
  • thus, lesions involving cortico-striatal fibers may disrupt the balance of basal ganglia circuits. (eso-stroke.org)
  • A 32 year-old woman with a history of non-diabetic hemodialysis for 3 years suffered from severe involuntary movement, and brain magnetic resonance imaging showed symmetrical T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) and T2/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (T2FLAIR) hyperintense nonhemorrhagic lesions in the bilateral basal ganglia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • She was diagnosed with UE as syndrome of bilateral basal ganglia lesions, due to a combined effect of uremic toxins and hyperthyroidism. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our case reported a hemodialysis patient that had non-diabetic UE with typical bilateral basal ganglia lesions, presenting with involuntary movement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Fig. 2 ) hyperintense non-hemorrhagic lesions in bilateral basal ganglia, as well as corona radiata lesions showing mild diffusion restriction. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Basal ganglia lesions. (patient.info)
  • Additional small cerebrovascular lesions can be quantified. (touchneurology.com)
  • A strong association is now known to exist between cardiovascular and cerebrovascular pathology and AD. (j-alz.com)
  • Diseases and pathology -- section 5. (stanford.edu)
  • Brain Sections from 25 cases of the OPTIMA (Oxford Project to Investigate Memory and Ageing) cohort, with varying degrees of cerebrovascular pathology and cognitive dysfunction (but only minimal Alzheimer type pathology) were immunostained for N ε -(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML), the most abundant AGE. (biomedcentral.com)
  • CML staining in cortical neurons and cerebral vessels is related to the severity of cognitive impairment in people with cerebrovascular disease and only minimal Alzheimer pathology. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These include patients who might have cerebrovascular pathology, or who are suspected of having normal pressure hydrocephalus. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Authors have documented hypertension, cerebrovascular accident and basal ganglia infarction in a 37-year-old patient. (lww.com)
  • However, re‑examination of cerebral magnetic resonance imaging in the present hospital revealed an old infarction in the region of the left basal ganglia with a normal appearance of the left middle cerebral artery. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • The imaging findings of UE include cortical or subcortical involvement, basal ganglia involvement and white matter involvement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to previous studies, imaging findings of UE can be classified into three types: 1) cortical or subcortical involvement, 2) basal ganglia involvement, and 3) white matter involvement [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Initial hypodensity or loss of grey-white differentiation after 3-6hrs (grey becomes isodense to white esp cortical ribbon sign, loss of basal ganglia) due to reduced CBV, hence the earlier this occurs the worse the prognosis (profound perfusion defect). (radnotes.co.nz)
  • At the end of the course the student will be able to know the clinical pictures related to the main diseases of the nervous system and of the head and neck cancer. (unimi.it)
  • Diagnosis at presentation or early in the disease course when the clinical picture may not yet have fully developed is even more problematic. (bmj.com)
  • Vascular depression is regarded as a subtype of late-life depression characterized by a distinct clinical presentation and an association with cerebrovascular damage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 5 In one clinical trial, 12 patients who had experienced chronic strokes affecting the basal ganglia received intracerebral transplantation of neurons generated from the human NT-2 teratocarcinoma cell line. (cmaj.ca)
  • The level of staining in vessels and neurons in the cortex, white matter and basal ganglia was compared to neuropsychological and other clinical measures. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This single centre, retrospective study was conducted with the following objectives: a) to describe the aetiological, clinical and prognostic characteristics of patients with thalamic haemorrhage as compared with that of patients with internal capsule-basal ganglia haemorrhage, and b) to identify predictors of in-hospital mortality in patients with thalamic haemorrhage. (beds.ac.uk)
  • However, the differential clinical profile between subcortical cerebral haemorrhages of isolated thalamic topography and haemorrhages involving the basal ganglia and the internal capsule is poorly defined. (beds.ac.uk)
  • PURPOSE: In the absence of a virus nucleic acid real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test and experienced radiologists, clinical diagnosis is challenging for viral pneumonia with clinical symptoms and CT signs similar to that of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). (stanford.edu)
  • Various clinical studies have registered with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study neurologic diseases and damage. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Intravenous administration of BMSC is a well-established approach to neurologic disease and injury with much support for its effectiveness in the pre-clinical and clinical literature. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. (nih.gov)
  • For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. (nih.gov)
  • People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. (nih.gov)
  • Do you have more information about symptoms of this disease? (nih.gov)
  • What are the symptoms of Moyamoya Disease? (onlymyhealth.com)
  • 1 In an ex-smoker with a family history of cardiovascular disease, vascular cognitive impairment, which can be associated with focal cognitive symptoms, depression, and insidious rather than stepwise cognitive decline, should be considered. (bmj.com)
  • The body systems harmed by moyamoya disease include the nervous system and the cardiovascular system. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Background and Purpose- Few studies have shown the association between glucose tolerance status defined by a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and the development of different types of cardiovascular disease. (ahajournals.org)
  • Cardiovascular disease continues to be a major global public health concern. (ahajournals.org)
  • Investigations into glucose tolerance levels and cardiovascular disease have become increasingly important, because the impact of diabetes on cardiovascular disease is considered to be rising due to the rapid increase in the worldwide prevalence of diabetes mellitus in recent years. (ahajournals.org)
  • A number of epidemiological studies have demonstrated that Type 2 diabetic subjects have approximately 2.0 to 4.0 times higher risk of cardiovascular disease compared with nondiabetic subjects. (ahajournals.org)
  • 3-9,11,12 Because nonfatal events were not included in these studies, the results may not have represented the true association between glucose tolerance levels and cardiovascular disease. (ahajournals.org)
  • Thus, prospective studies using incidence data would provide further information for predicting cardiovascular disease. (ahajournals.org)
  • 1,2,11,12 Furthermore, many investigators have evaluated cardiovascular generally, rather than by type, and did not separately evaluate sex, although it is well known that the effects of each risk factor are different for each type of cardiovascular disease and sex. (ahajournals.org)
  • Bipolar disorder has been strongly associated with cardiovascular disease although the relationship between the two conditions is complex with regard to directionality and mechanisms. (springer.com)
  • Cardiovascular disease and metabolic risk factors in male patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar disorder. (springer.com)
  • Data on body mass index, history of hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, history of coronary artery disease, family history of cardiovascular disease, and frequency of alcohol consumption were obtained by means of a personal interview and a physical examination. (ahajournals.org)
  • Moyamoya is a rare and progressive cerebrovascular disorder. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Moyamoya disease is a rare and progressive cerebrovascular disorder that is caused by blocked arteries at the base of the brain in the basal ganglia. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Restless legs syndrome, or Willis-Ekbom Disease (RLS/WED), is a common sensorimotor disorder with a circadian rhythmicity defined by an uncontrollable urge to move the legs that worsens during periods of inactivity or at rest in the evening, often resulting in sleep disruptions. (springer.com)
  • There exist a variety of mechanisms that may link bipolar disorder with cerebrovascular disease, and some risk factors may predispose vulnerable individuals to both conditions. (springer.com)
  • A progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the base of the brain in an area called the basal ganglia, and that results in networks of small blood vessels developing to bypass these blockages. (brainandspine.org.uk)
  • If treatment is not sought, the disease can become fatal as a result of intracerebral hemorrhage. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • In order to identify potential "specificity gaps" of a future GFAP test used to diagnose intracerebral hemorrhage, we measured GFAP in the blood of a large and rather unselected collective of patients with neurological diseases. (jove.com)
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common form of cerebrovascular disease and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. (jove.com)
  • The cortex, basal ganglia, brainstem and cerebellum are the main cerebral areas of interest in patients with specific forms of neurodegenerative parkinsonism. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Anatomy, Physiology, and Embryology -- Benign Growths -- Malignant Growths -- Rashes -- Autoimmune Blistering Diseases -- Infectious Diseases -- Hair and Nail Diseases -- Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases -- Genodermatoses and Syndromes. (stanford.edu)
  • Neuroimaging studies in cocaine abusers demonstrated abnormal perfusion involving the infraparietal,[ 4 ] temporal and anterofrontal cortex and basal ganglia. (lww.com)
  • Because of this, researchers think that the disease may be a result of inherited genetic abnormalities. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Because it tends to run in families, researchers think that Moyamoya disease is the result of inherited genetic abnormalities. (uic.edu)
  • On the other hand, central core disease (CCD) is a genetic condition that primarily involves the skeletal muscles, but can present articular deformities secondary to muscular weakness. (bvsalud.org)
  • They can also help patients manage diabetes, blood pressure and cholesterol as well as treat artery disease. (vitals.com)
  • The study will provide evidence of eating habits and physical activity in cerebrovascular patients in Luxembourg and of the degree to which these habits may be changed acutely (after one m. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Study on the oral mucosal diseases in patients with cerebrovascular diseases. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Most patients with Moyamoya disease tend to experience mental decline. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Most patients suffering from Moyamoya disease tend to experience mental decline and several strokes because of a progressing of the narrowing of arteries. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Virchow-Robin spaces in the basal ganglia and white matter: correlations with sleep quality in patients with cerebrovascular disease. (sunnybrook.ca)
  • Indeed, dopamine levels are altered in the brain of mouse models of multiple sclerosis (MS) and lupus, and in inflamed tissues of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). (frontiersin.org)
  • In our practice we routinely inform the possibility of underlying systemic disease and importance of physician consultation in all patients with migraine. (lww.com)
  • Data from patients with moyamoya disease, who reported starting treatments within the last 5 years. (patientslikeme.com)
  • The basal ganglia type is uncommon, although previous cases have reported that Asian patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are usually affected. (biomedcentral.com)
  • UE with basal ganglia involvement is uncommon, although generally seen in Asian patients with DM. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Both studies highlight the possibility of accompanying cerebrovascular disease in neurologically asymptomatic older patients with PVD. (ahajournals.org)
  • Radiologic evaluation of patients with cerebrovascular disease has evolved with the introduction of new technology. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Treat patients with risk factors for cerebrovascular disease. (medscape.com)
  • However, this examination is routinely ordered for patients with an atypical disease course. (appliedradiology.com)
  • 7.0-tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be applied as an additional tool to examine post-mortem brains of patients with neurodegenerative and cerebrovasular diseases. (touchneurology.com)
  • Though a definitive post-mortem diagnosis still needs to be confirmed by an extensive macroscopic and microscopic examination of the brain using validated neuropathological criteria, 4 7.0-tesla MRI can be used as an additional tool to examine post-mortem brains of patients with neurodegenerative diseases. (touchneurology.com)
  • Maladie Du Système Nerveux Central 2 questions Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord. (lookformedical.com)
  • This study could help to understand some neurological diseases and thereby to identify them earlier and/or to better differentiate them. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This literature review outlines the lessons learned from studies demonstrating insomnia and OSA as risk factors for hypertension and vascular diseases to support the epidemiologic and physiologic evidence suggesting a similar increase in hypertension and vascular disease risk due to RLS. (springer.com)
  • Significant fluctuation of blood creatinine levels (predominantly due to inadequate dialysis), along with altered hyperthyroidism [intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels of almost 3200 pg/mL], were reported 1 week ago with no accompanying history of hypertension, DM, respiratory tract infection, fever, stoke, liver disease, hypoxia or toxic fume exposure. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Neuronal CML staining in the basal ganglia related to a history of hypertension (p = 0.002). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Old age, hypertension, a history of coronary artery disease, evidence of cardiomegaly in chest radiographs, and high fasting glucose/hemoglobin A1c levels were associated with SCI on univariate analysis. (ahajournals.org)
  • Section 1: Anatomy of the Urinary Tract -- Section 2: Normal and Abnormal Development -- Section 3: Physiology -- Section 4: Renal Diseases -- Section 5: Urinary Tract Infections -- Section 6: Urinary Tract Obstructions -- Section 7: Traumatic Injuries -- Section 8: Voiding Dysfunction -- Section 9: Neoplasms -- Section 10: Therapeutics. (stanford.edu)
  • The service manages the full range of neurovascular diseases including aneurysms, arterio-venous malformations, cavernous malformations, carotid stenosis, and intracranial occlusive disease requiring endovascular stenting or extracranial-intracranial bypass. (uic.edu)
  • Chapters are divided into three main sections including aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage, vascular malformations, and ischemic and other cerebrovascular diseases. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • What is the Prognosis of Moyamoya Disease? (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Read more articles on Moyamoya Disease . (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Treatment of moyamoya disease is revascularization surgery that can restore blood flow to the brain by opening narrowed blood vessels or by bypassing blocked arteries. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • What is the treatment of Moyamoya Disease? (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Research findings of Moyamoya Disease. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • The cause of moyamoya disease is unclear. (naturalpedia.com)
  • However, about 10 percent of people suffering from Moyamoya disease have a close relative who is also affected. (naturalpedia.com)
  • There is no information on what foods or nutrients prevent moyamoya disease. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Currently, there are no available medications that can reverse the narrowing of the arteries in moyamoya disease. (naturalpedia.com)
  • The goal of treatment for moyamoya disease is reducing the risks of recurrent strokes by doing an arterial bypass or by forming a new blood supply to the affected parts of the brain. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Surgery is commonly recommended for moyamoya disease treatment. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Moyamoya disease can be treated with surgery, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Who has moyamoya disease on PatientsLikeMe? (patientslikeme.com)
  • Moyamoya disease was first described in Japan in the 1960's and it has since been found in individuals in the United States, Europe, Australia, and Africa. (uic.edu)
  • In Reply: Early Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging Changes in Normal-Appearing Brain in Pediatric Moyamoya Disease. (stanford.edu)
  • The primary aim of the study is to determine the safety and tolerability of etanercept in subjects with Alzheimer's Disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It has become increasingly clear that part of the explanation for the lack of therapeutic advancement in Alzheimer's disease (AD) lies in the unyielding quagmire resulting from the premise that AD is caused by the excessive production in the brain of a sticky substance called amyloid-β (Aβ). (j-alz.com)
  • Hence, VD often co-occurs with Alzheimer's disease (AD). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Predictors of behavioral disturbance in Alzheimer's disease. (rush.edu)
  • Hallucinations and associated factors in Alzheimer's disease. (rush.edu)
  • P arkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common degenerative neurological condition after Alzheimer's disease, with a prevalence of between 120 and 230 per 100,000 people. (guidelinesinpractice.co.uk)
  • Dr. Del Brutto points out that the 'Teaching NeuroImages: Giant neurocysticercosis with unusual imaging manifestations' is actually a cystic hydatid disease, caused by infection with Echinococcus spp. (medworm.com)
  • Small vessel disease is associated with altered cerebrovascular pulsatility but not resting cerebral blood flow. (nih.gov)
  • Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) contributes to 25% of ischemic strokes and 45% of dementias. (nih.gov)
  • Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) includes several diseases affecting the small arteries, arterioles, venules, and capillaries of the brain, and refers to several pathological processes and etiologies. (meta.org)
  • Most ischemic strokes are caused by large artery atherosclerosis, small vessel occlusive disease, or cardioembolism. (j-nn.org)
  • It is difficult to diagnosis early stage germ cell tumors originating in the basal ganglia, but early recognition is important for better outcome. (springer.com)
  • Lou X, Ma L, Wang FL et al (2009) Susceptibility-weighted imaging in the diagnosis of early basal ganglia germinoma. (springer.com)
  • Background and Purpose -An increasing body of literature suggests a role for clinically "silent" cerebrovascular disease in the pathogenesis of cognitive impairment. (ahajournals.org)
  • Relatively little is known about cognitive impairment associated with peripheral vascular disease (PVD), but PVD is known to be a risk factor for TIA. (ahajournals.org)
  • End-to-end automatic differentiation of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from viral pneumonia based on chest CT. (stanford.edu)
  • In this disease, the arteries get blocked at the base of the brain in the basal ganglia. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Ozelame RV, Shroff M, Wood B et al (2006) Basal ganglia germinoma in children with associated ipsilateral cerebral and brain stem hemiatrophy. (springer.com)
  • The Illinois Brain Aneurysm Center offers the most comprehensive care from a highly experienced team dedicated to developing and implementing the best methods for treating this disease. (uic.edu)
  • These calcium deposits are visible only on medical imaging and typically occur in the basal ganglia, which are structures deep within the brain that help start and control movement of the body. (malacards.org)
  • 1) Primary degenerative changes of the basal ganglia and their connections prevent motor transmission of automatic movements (blinking, facial expressions, muscle tone). (free-ed.net)
  • 1 Motor complications from medication 'wearing off', involuntary movements (dyskinesia), or fluctuations from immobility ('off' periods) to good function ('on' periods), which occur later on in the disease pathway, are challenging to manage, even for a specialist in PD. (guidelinesinpractice.co.uk)
  • Movements cease during sleep, and the disease usually resolves after several months. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accurate identification of parkinsonism involving presynaptic degeneration is important for patient management, because the disease course, therapy and prognosis differ substantially from non-degenerative diseases. (bmj.com)
  • The main aim of the study was to examine neuropsychological impairment associated with cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular disease (PVD) and to compare cognitive deficits with a nonvascular control group. (ahajournals.org)
  • Based on current knowledge, the correlations between intra vitam neuroimaging findings and their postmortem validity as well as the role of peripheral markers of vascular disease in late life depression are discussed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Associated with brainstem or cerebellar disease, including multiple sclerosis, spinocerebellar degenerations, vascular disease and tumours. (patient.info)