Structures which form the base of FLAGELLA and CILIA. They contain nine triplets of MICROTUBULES that are arranged around the periphery and that serve as the nucleation center for AXONEME assembly.
Populations of thin, motile processes found covering the surface of ciliates (CILIOPHORA) or the free surface of the cells making up ciliated EPITHELIUM. Each cilium arises from a basic granule in the superficial layer of CYTOPLASM. The movement of cilia propels ciliates through the liquid in which they live. The movement of cilia on a ciliated epithelium serves to propel a surface layer of mucus or fluid. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Self-replicating, short, fibrous, rod-shaped organelles. Each centriole is a short cylinder containing nine pairs of peripheral microtubules, arranged so as to form the wall of the cylinder.
A whiplike motility appendage present on the surface cells. Prokaryote flagella are composed of a protein called FLAGELLIN. Bacteria can have a single flagellum, a tuft at one pole, or multiple flagella covering the entire surface. In eukaryotes, flagella are threadlike protoplasmic extensions used to propel flagellates and sperm. Flagella have the same basic structure as CILIA but are longer in proportion to the cell bearing them and present in much smaller numbers. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A species of ciliate protozoa used in genetic and cytological research.
An organization of cells into an organ-like structure. Organoids can be generated in culture. They are also found in certain neoplasms.
A genus of ciliate protozoa that is often large enough to be seen by the naked eye. Paramecia are commonly used in genetic, cytological, and other research.
A genus GREEN ALGAE in the order VOLVOCIDA. It consists of solitary biflagellated organisms common in fresh water and damp soil.
A bundle of MICROTUBULES and MICROTUBULE-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS forming the core of each CILIUM or FLAGELLUM. In most eukaryotic cilia or flagella, an axoneme shaft has 20 microtubules arranged in nine doublets and two singlets.
Slender, cylindrical filaments found in the cytoskeleton of plant and animal cells. They are composed of the protein TUBULIN and are influenced by TUBULIN MODULATORS.
A phylum of EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of cilia at some time during the life cycle. It comprises three classes: KINETOFRAGMINOPHOREA; OLIGOHYMENOPHOREA; and POLYMENOPHOREA.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
A free-living soil amoeba pathogenic to humans and animals. It occurs also in water and sewage. The most commonly found species in man is NAEGLERIA FOWLERI which is the pathogen for primary amebic meningoencephalitis in primates.
A microtubule subunit protein found in large quantities in mammalian brain. It has also been isolated from SPERM FLAGELLUM; CILIA; and other sources. Structurally, the protein is a dimer with a molecular weight of approximately 120,000 and a sedimentation coefficient of 5.8S. It binds to COLCHICINE; VINCRISTINE; and VINBLASTINE.
A species of GREEN ALGAE. Delicate, hairlike appendages arise from the flagellar surface in these organisms.
A species of ciliate protozoa used extensively in genetic research.
Proteins found in any species of protozoan.
The cell center, consisting of a pair of CENTRIOLES surrounded by a cloud of amorphous material called the pericentriolar region. During interphase, the centrosome nucleates microtubule outgrowth. The centrosome duplicates and, during mitosis, separates to form the two poles of the mitotic spindle (MITOTIC SPINDLE APPARATUS).
Proteins found in any species of algae.
A genus of ciliate protozoa commonly used in genetic, cytological, and other research.
Conditions caused by abnormal CILIA movement in the body, usually causing KARTAGENER SYNDROME, chronic respiratory disorders, chronic SINUSITIS, and chronic OTITIS. Abnormal ciliary beating is likely due to defects in any of the 200 plus ciliary proteins, such as missing motor enzyme DYNEIN arms.
A tomographic technique for obtaining 3-dimensional images with transmission electron microscopy.
A class of endosymbiont EUKARYOTES, in the group PARABASALIDEA, that are obligate mutualists in the digestive tracts of wood-eating insects. Hypermastigotes produce CELLULASE that breaks down the cellulose in wood so that insects can metabolize it.
A heterogeneous group of hereditary and acquired disorders in which the KIDNEY contains one or more CYSTS unilaterally or bilaterally (KIDNEY, CYSTIC).
A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes nagana in domestic and game animals in Africa. It apparently does not infect humans. It is transmitted by bites of tsetse flies (Glossina).
The bridge between the inner and the outer segments of a retinal rod or a cone photoreceptor cell. Through it, proteins synthesized in the inner segment are transported to the outer segment.
An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA; POLYDACTYLY; OBESITY; MENTAL RETARDATION; hypogenitalism; renal dysplasia; and short stature. This syndrome has been distinguished as a separate entity from LAURENCE-MOON SYNDROME. (From J Med Genet 1997 Feb;34(2):92-8)
A species of gram-negative, halophilic bacteria, in the genus VIBRIO. It is considered part of normal marine flora and commonly associated with ear infections and superficial wounds exposed to contaminated water sources.
Specific particles of membrane-bound organized living substances present in eukaryotic cells, such as the MITOCHONDRIA; the GOLGI APPARATUS; ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM; LYSOSOMES; PLASTIDS; and VACUOLES.
Method to determine the occurrence of OVULATION by direct or indirect means. Indirect methods examine the effects of PROGESTERONE on cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), or basal body temperature. Direct ovulation detection, generally used in fertility treatment, involves analyses of circulating hormones in blood and ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Hereditary diseases that are characterized by the progressive expansion of a large number of tightly packed CYSTS within the KIDNEYS. They include diseases with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritance.
A phylum of photosynthetic EUKARYOTA bearing double membrane-bound plastids containing chlorophyll a and b. They comprise the classical green algae, and represent over 7000 species that live in a variety of primarily aquatic habitats. Only about ten percent are marine species, most live in freshwater.
Tungsten hydroxide oxide phosphate. A white or slightly yellowish-green, slightly efflorescent crystal or crystalline powder. It is used as a reagent for alkaloids and many other nitrogen bases, for phenols, albumin, peptone, amino acids, uric acid, urea, blood, and carbohydrates. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Two syndromes of oral, facial, and digital malformations. Type I (Papillon-Leage and Psaume syndrome, Gorlin-Psaume syndrome) is inherited as an X-linked dominant trait and is found only in females and XXY males. Type II (Mohr syndrome) is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.
Brain tissue herniation through a congenital or acquired defect in the skull. The majority of congenital encephaloceles occur in the occipital or frontal regions. Clinical features include a protuberant mass that may be pulsatile. The quantity and location of protruding neural tissue determines the type and degree of neurologic deficit. Visual defects, psychomotor developmental delay, and persistent motor deficits frequently occur.
DNA of kinetoplasts which are specialized MITOCHONDRIA of trypanosomes and related parasitic protozoa within the order KINETOPLASTIDA. Kinetoplast DNA consists of a complex network of numerous catenated rings of two classes; the first being a large number of small DNA duplex rings, called minicircles, approximately 2000 base pairs in length, and the second being several dozen much larger rings, called maxicircles, approximately 37 kb in length.
The study of the structure, behavior, growth, reproduction, and pathology of cells; and the function and chemistry of cellular components.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
A thin membrane that lines the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES and the central canal of the SPINAL CORD.
The functional hereditary units of protozoa.
The inner portion of a retinal rod or a cone photoreceptor cell, situated between the PHOTORECEPTOR CONNECTING CILIUM and the synapse with the adjacent neurons (RETINAL BIPOLAR CELLS; RETINAL HORIZONTAL CELLS). The inner segment contains the cell body, the nucleus, the mitochondria, and apparatus for protein synthesis.
Proteins to which calcium ions are bound. They can act as transport proteins, regulator proteins, or activator proteins. They typically contain EF HAND MOTIFS.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The posterior filiform portion of the spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) that provides sperm motility.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The species Delphinapterus leucas, in the family Monodontidae, found primarily in the Arctic Ocean and adjoining seas. They are small WHALES lacking a dorsal fin.
The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Microscopy in which the samples are first stained immunocytochemically and then examined using an electron microscope. Immunoelectron microscopy is used extensively in diagnostic virology as part of very sensitive immunoassays.
The process of moving proteins from one cellular compartment (including extracellular) to another by various sorting and transport mechanisms such as gated transport, protein translocation, and vesicular transport.
Proteins found in the microtubules.
Ducts that serve exclusively for the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the exterior of the body. In non-mammals, they are termed oviducts. In mammals, they are highly specialized and known as FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Orientation of intracellular structures especially with respect to the apical and basolateral domains of the plasma membrane. Polarized cells must direct proteins from the Golgi apparatus to the appropriate domain since tight junctions prevent proteins from diffusing between the two domains.
A plant family of the order Hydropteridales, class Filicopsida, division PTERIDOPHYTA. They are aquatic ferns with quatrifoliate leaves resembling four leaf clover, creeping rhizome, and bean shaped sporocarps.
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
A protein with a molecular weight of 40,000 isolated from bacterial flagella. At appropriate pH and salt concentration, three flagellin monomers can spontaneously reaggregate to form structures which appear identical to intact flagella.
Infections with protozoa of the phylum CILIOPHORA.
A subcategory of chaperonins found in ARCHAEA and the CYTOSOL of eukaryotic cells. Group II chaperonins form a barrel-shaped macromolecular structure that is distinct from GROUP I CHAPERONINS in that it does not utilize a separate lid like structure to enclose proteins.
A serotype of Salmonella enterica that is a frequent agent of Salmonella gastroenteritis in humans. It also causes PARATYPHOID FEVER.
Osmium. A very hard, gray, toxic, and nearly infusible metal element, atomic number 76, atomic weight 190.2, symbol Os. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A method used to study the lateral movement of MEMBRANE PROTEINS and LIPIDS. A small area of a cell membrane is bleached by laser light and the amount of time necessary for unbleached fluorescent marker-tagged proteins to diffuse back into the bleached site is a measurement of the cell membrane's fluidity. The diffusion coefficient of a protein or lipid in the membrane can be calculated from the data. (From Segen, Current Med Talk, 1995).
The network of filaments, tubules, and interconnecting filamentous bridges which give shape, structure, and organization to the cytoplasm.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Nucleoproteins, which in contrast to HISTONES, are acid insoluble. They are involved in chromosomal functions; e.g. they bind selectively to DNA, stimulate transcription resulting in tissue-specific RNA synthesis and undergo specific changes in response to various hormones or phytomitogens.
A class of natural contraceptive methods in which SEXUAL ABSTINENCE is practiced a few days before and after the estimated day of ovulation, during the fertile phase. Methods for determining the fertile period or OVULATION DETECTION are based on various physiological indicators, such as circulating hormones, changes in cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), and the basal body temperature.
Photosensitive proteins in the membranes of PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS such as the rods and the cones. Opsins have varied light absorption properties and are members of the G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS family. Their ligands are VITAMIN A-based chromophores.
A representation, generally small in scale, to show the structure, construction, or appearance of something. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Techniques to alter a gene sequence that result in an inactivated gene, or one in which the expression can be inactivated at a chosen time during development to study the loss of function of a gene.
A type of CELL NUCLEUS division by means of which the two daughter nuclei normally receive identical complements of the number of CHROMOSOMES of the somatic cells of the species.
A gene silencing phenomenon whereby specific dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) trigger the degradation of homologous mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). The specific dsRNAs are processed into SMALL INTERFERING RNA (siRNA) which serves as a guide for cleavage of the homologous mRNA in the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX. DNA METHYLATION may also be triggered during this process.
An amorphous region of electron dense material in the cytoplasm from which the MICROTUBULES polymerization is nucleated. The pericentriolar region of the CENTROSOME which surrounds the CENTRIOLES is an example.
Diseases that affect the structure or function of the cerebellum. Cardinal manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, GAIT ATAXIA, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.
Male germ cells derived from the haploid secondary SPERMATOCYTES. Without further division, spermatids undergo structural changes and give rise to SPERMATOZOA.
The process by which the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided.
Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.
A microtubule-associated mechanical adenosine triphosphatase, that uses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to move organelles along microtubules toward the plus end of the microtubule. The protein is found in squid axoplasm, optic lobes, and in bovine brain. Bovine kinesin is a heterotetramer composed of two heavy (120 kDa) and two light (62 kDa) chains. EC 3.6.1.-.
The complex series of phenomena, occurring between the end of one CELL DIVISION and the end of the next, by which cellular material is duplicated and then divided between two daughter cells. The cell cycle includes INTERPHASE, which includes G0 PHASE; G1 PHASE; S PHASE; and G2 PHASE, and CELL DIVISION PHASE.
The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
Compounds that contain the Cl(=O)(=O)(=O)O- structure. Included under this heading is perchloric acid and the salts and ester forms of perchlorate.
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
Condensed areas of cellular material that may be bounded by a membrane.
The technique of using a microtome to cut thin or ultrathin sections of tissues embedded in a supporting substance. The microtome is an instrument that hold a steel, glass or diamond knife in clamps at an angle to the blocks of prepared tissues, which it cuts in sections of equal thickness.
Proteins which participate in contractile processes. They include MUSCLE PROTEINS as well as those found in other cells and tissues. In the latter, these proteins participate in localized contractile events in the cytoplasm, in motile activity, and in cell aggregation phenomena.
A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.
A form of interference microscopy in which variations of the refracting index in the object are converted into variations of intensity in the image. This is achieved by the action of a phase plate.
Protein analogs and derivatives of the Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein that emit light (FLUORESCENCE) when excited with ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. They are used in REPORTER GENES in doing GENETIC TECHNIQUES. Numerous mutants have been made to emit other colors or be sensitive to pH.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Electron microscopy in which the ELECTRONS or their reaction products that pass down through the specimen are imaged below the plane of the specimen.
Techniques to partition various components of the cell into SUBCELLULAR FRACTIONS.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
Proteins that control the CELL DIVISION CYCLE. This family of proteins includes a wide variety of classes, including CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES, mitogen-activated kinases, CYCLINS, and PHOSPHOPROTEIN PHOSPHATASES as well as their putative substrates such as chromatin-associated proteins, CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS, and TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS.
A bacterium which is one of the etiologic agents of bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY) and sometimes of infantile gastroenteritis.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
Proteins that are involved in or cause CELL MOVEMENT such as the rotary structures (flagellar motor) or the structures whose movement is directed along cytoskeletal filaments (MYOSIN; KINESIN; and DYNEIN motor families).
A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
Major constituent of the cytoskeleton found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. They form a flexible framework for the cell, provide attachment points for organelles and formed bodies, and make communication between parts of the cell possible.
Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Methods of preparing tissue for examination and study of the origin, structure, function, or pathology.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the eye; may also be hereditary.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
The subfamily of myosin proteins that are commonly found in muscle fibers. Myosin II is also involved a diverse array of cellular functions including cell division, transport within the GOLGI APPARATUS, and maintaining MICROVILLI structure.
A complex signaling pathway whose name is derived from the DROSOPHILA Wg gene, which when mutated results in the wingless phenotype, and the vertebrate INT gene, which is located near integration sites of MOUSE MAMMARY TUMOR VIRUS. The signaling pathway is initiated by the binding of WNT PROTEINS to cells surface WNT RECEPTORS which interact with the AXIN SIGNALING COMPLEX and an array of second messengers that influence the actions of BETA CATENIN.
A microtubule structure that forms during CELL DIVISION. It consists of two SPINDLE POLES, and sets of MICROTUBULES that may include the astral microtubules, the polar microtubules, and the kinetochore microtubules.
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
High molecular weight proteins found in the MICROTUBULES of the cytoskeletal system. Under certain conditions they are required for TUBULIN assembly into the microtubules and stabilize the assembled microtubules.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the intestines of humans and a wide variety of animals, as well as in manure, soil, and polluted waters. Its species are pathogenic, causing urinary tract infections and are also considered secondary invaders, causing septic lesions at other sites of the body.
Formation of differentiated cells and complicated tissue organization to provide specialized functions.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
A family of intercellular signaling proteins that play and important role in regulating the development of many TISSUES and organs. Their name derives from the observation of a hedgehog-like appearance in DROSOPHILA embryos with genetic mutations that block their action.
A family of multisubunit cytoskeletal motor proteins that use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to power a variety of cellular functions. Dyneins fall into two major classes based upon structural and functional criteria.
Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
ANIMALS whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING, or their offspring.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.
The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.
Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.
An exotic species of the family CYPRINIDAE, originally from Asia, that has been introduced in North America. They are used in embryological studies and to study the effects of certain chemicals on development.
A proteolytic enzyme obtained from Streptomyces griseus.
Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.
The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
Mutation process that restores the wild-type PHENOTYPE in an organism possessing a mutationally altered GENOTYPE. The second "suppressor" mutation may be on a different gene, on the same gene but located at a distance from the site of the primary mutation, or in extrachromosomal genes (EXTRACHROMOSOMAL INHERITANCE).
A generic term for any circumscribed mass of foreign (e.g., lead or viruses) or metabolically inactive materials (e.g., ceroid or MALLORY BODIES), within the cytoplasm or nucleus of a cell. Inclusion bodies are in cells infected with certain filtrable viruses, observed especially in nerve, epithelial, or endothelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The interval between two successive CELL DIVISIONS during which the CHROMOSOMES are not individually distinguishable. It is composed of the G phases (G1 PHASE; G0 PHASE; G2 PHASE) and S PHASE (when DNA replication occurs).
Proteins obtained from various species of Xenopus. Included here are proteins from the African clawed frog (XENOPUS LAEVIS). Many of these proteins have been the subject of scientific investigations in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
Nocodazole is an antineoplastic agent which exerts its effect by depolymerizing microtubules.
A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
A chelating agent that sequesters a variety of polyvalent cations such as CALCIUM. It is used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and as a food additive.
Proteins from the nematode species CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS. The proteins from this species are the subject of scientific interest in the area of multicellular organism MORPHOGENESIS.
The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.
One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The developmental entity of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) in animal species other than MAMMALS. For chickens, use CHICK EMBRYO.
Proteins which are involved in the phenomenon of light emission in living systems. Included are the "enzymatic" and "non-enzymatic" types of system with or without the presence of oxygen or co-factors.
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE only in the homozygous state.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A broad category of carrier proteins that play a role in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They generally contain several modular domains, each of which having its own binding activity, and act by forming complexes with other intracellular-signaling molecules. Signal-transducing adaptor proteins lack enzyme activity, however their activity can be modulated by other signal-transducing enzymes
Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).
A group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ATP. The hydrolysis reaction is usually coupled with another function such as transporting Ca(2+) across a membrane. These enzymes may be dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), anions, H+, or DNA.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Different forms of a protein that may be produced from different GENES, or from the same gene by ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Immunologic method used for detecting or quantifying immunoreactive substances. The substance is identified by first immobilizing it by blotting onto a membrane and then tagging it with labeled antibodies.
The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.
Components of a cell produced by various separation techniques which, though they disrupt the delicate anatomy of a cell, preserve the structure and physiology of its functioning constituents for biochemical and ultrastructural analysis. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p163)
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
The commonest and widest ranging species of the clawed "frog" (Xenopus) in Africa. This species is used extensively in research. There is now a significant population in California derived from escaped laboratory animals.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of serine or threonine residues in proteins, with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.
Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs (21-31 nucleotides) involved in GENE SILENCING functions, especially RNA INTERFERENCE (RNAi). Endogenously, siRNAs are generated from dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) by the same ribonuclease, Dicer, that generates miRNAs (MICRORNAS). The perfect match of the siRNAs' antisense strand to their target RNAs mediates RNAi by siRNA-guided RNA cleavage. siRNAs fall into different classes including trans-acting siRNA (tasiRNA), repeat-associated RNA (rasiRNA), small-scan RNA (scnRNA), and Piwi protein-interacting RNA (piRNA) and have different specific gene silencing functions.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.
A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).

Dlic1 deficiency impairs ciliogenesis of photoreceptors by destabilizing dynein. (1/5)

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epsilon-tubulin is essential in Tetrahymena thermophila for the assembly and stability of basal bodies. (2/5)

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Independent localization of plasma membrane and chloroplast components during eyespot assembly. (3/5)

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Two appendages homologous between basal bodies and centrioles are formed using distinct Odf2 domains. (4/5)

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Distinct roles of a mitogen-activated protein kinase in cytokinesis between different life cycle forms of Trypanosoma brucei. (5/5)

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The life cycle o f the African trypanosome is divided between the mammal and the tsetse. Those life cycle stages which traverse between these two hosts appear to be pre-adopted for survival in their new habitat They are also non-dividing. Here, Keith Matthews and Keith Gull discuss how and why trypanosomes might enmesh the control o f their cell cycle with their regulation o f the transition between different life cycle forms.
Altogether, the six tables of Chapters 2-7 list a grand total of 465 enzymes, each of which during its catalytic cycle forms a covalent bond with its substrate or some fragment of it. These long...
Humans are biological organisms with certain requirements to continue living, including clean air, water, and sufficient food. They also produce waste products from the human standpoint, such as CO2, urine, and feces. On Earth those wastes from the human standpoint are necessary inputs to plants and other organisms, and solar powered evaporation produces clean water in the form of rain. The natural cycles form closed loops. For space projects we have to replicate the function of those closed loops with artificial systems, or supply air, water, and food from external sources. The more time and the higher the number of humans the greater the outside supply mass becomes, and so the more desirable a closed loop system becomes. Besides inputs such as air, food, and water, humans additionally need controlled lighting, temperature, pressure, radiation levels, and acceleration. Prepared food and feces are complex from a chemical standpoint, there are secondary volatiles and shed skin produced by humans, ...
difference: plants are multicellular, diatoms are unicellular, plants reproduce by meiosis where as diatoms by cell division, most plants live on land where as diatoms strictly live in wet environment. plants are more complex and larger whereas diatoms are smaller (microscopic), there are out layer differences: plants have cell wall made of cellulose where as diatoms have cell wall made of silica, plants dont form colonies where as diatoms can form colonies, also there is chlorophyll (pigment) differences: plants usually have green chlorophyll whereas diatoms have yellow and brown pigments, some diatoms are capable of movement where as plants can move, and some diatoms are heterotrophic where as plants are strictly autotrophic. diatoms have different life cycles (alteration of generation), diatoms reproduce asexually by mitosis. diatoms fossilize when they die as rocks at the bottom of water, plants normally get eaten by decomposers. diatoms are more closely related to bacteria where as plants ...
One of the important research works is corporate partnering and reliance on various forms of external collaboration. Although many researchers have focused on the knowledge-based work to help firms collaborate and share their knowledge, few have comprehensively considered the structure of network and cooperative strategies. Our paper differentiates three situations of innovation, and simulates the actions of cooperation between firms with different life cycles in industry cluster with the scale-free network structure. The simulation results show that (a) when the industry cluster develops, firms’ absorbability also is growing, but the behaviors of cooperation do not always increase as firms’ absorbability grows. Sometimes they exhibit inverted U-shape, U-shape, or liner trend. (b) Firms will cooperate to share their information or knowledge automatically if the payoff of the innovation is bigger. (c) The incentive policy does encourage the cooperation between the firms, but the incentive
P2- Explain the potential effects of five different life factors on the development of an individual. Biological influences before birth. The life choices
Mitsuha and Taki are two total strangers living completely different lives. After a wish, they become connected through their dreams.
To begin to understand the function of each newly identified basal body component, we determined the ultrastructural localization using immunoelectron microscopy (see Immunoelectron microscopy section in Materials and methods). Detailed localization data provide critical clues for function, and this is the first study describing protein localization to basal body domains in combination with a basal body proteome. Basal bodies consist of a highly conserved structure built on a core of nine symmetrically arrayed triplet microtubules with peripheral components necessary for microtubule nucleation, basal body anchoring to the plasma membrane, polarity establishment, and protein docking. Distinct regions exist for which few functions are known (Fig. 3 D). Assembly of the nascent organelle in ciliates reveals several intermediate structures in basal body formation (Dippell, 1968; Allen, 1969; Cavalier-Smith, 1974). Localization of a component to an intermediate structure implies not only a role at a ...
A major problem with breast cancer is that it tends to metastasize to the skeleton. At the metabolically active area in bones, a vicious cycle forms between breast carcinoma cells, osteoblasts (OBs) and osteoclasts (OCs) which disrupts the functional dynamic balance and usually results in bone loss. The inflammatory response of OBs triggered by breast cancer cells significantly affects the local microenviroment. Some cytokines, such as IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 are involved in OC activation and tumor progression. Therefore, it is important to understand the mechanism of induction of OB inflammatory cytokines by breast cancer cells in order to try to decrease the reaction.. In previous studies, we found that the key regulator of the inflammatory response of OBs is NF-κB. We also found that methylseleninic acid (MSA), an immediate precursor of methylselenol, (CH3SeH) is capable of inhibiting NF-κB activation and the downstream inflammatory responses. MSA is a commonly used organic selenium compound ...
Life Enhancement Products, an innovative manufacturer of nutritional supplements with unique formulations for memory enhancement, blood sugar maintenance, thyroid support, weight control, gastrointestinal support, and more.
Originally Posted by HiddenPaw I agree totally....a new envrionment can give you such incentive to lead a different life...maybe its because the lack
Energy is the currency of life, where a surplus allows survival and reproduction and a long-standing debt leads to death; yet monitoring of energy expenditures in free-living animals has been relatively limited by available technology. Radio transmitters that have been specially modified to detect heart rate, however, allow for real-time estimation of energy expense in free-living, behaving animals. Red crossbills live at northern latitudes year-round and breed opportunistically throughout much of the year. They therefore offer a unique opportunity to examine the eco-physiology of different life cycle stages under drastically variable seasonal conditions. Here we present heart rate data, corticosterone levels and behavioral ecology of free-living, non-breeding red crossbills in the summer and winter, as well as molting red crossbills in the autumn. We discuss these variables in the context of red crossbills unique opportunistic and nomadic annual schedules and the highly seasonal conditions of ...
NdFeB permanent magnets have different life cycles, depending on the applications: from as short as 2-3 years in consumer electronics to 20-30 years in wind turbines. The size of the magnets ranges...
Introduction. Food requirements during different life stages Babys 0 to 6 months In the first year of a babys life they will grow more than in any other year of their life, growing in length by 50 percent and weight by 300 percent. Breast milk commonly supplies a baby with the required amounts of nutrients, fluids and energy until about 6 months of age. Breast milk is preferred to formula as it contains many protective and immunological factors not found in formulas that benefit the babys growth and development. Solid foods should be introduced at approximately 6 months of age, but depending on cultural beliefs and/or practices may change this. Wheat based cereal should be the first solid to be introduced, to reduce the risk of allergy to wheat. Fruit and vegetables should be introduced after the cereals, these are important for vitamin and mineral content and to introduce different tastes and textures of foods. ...read more. Middle. Adolescents Proper nutrition during the adolescent years is ...
The Sister Swap book. Read 65 reviews from the worlds largest community for readers. Two sisters. Two very different lives…Meg simply doesnt have tim...
We conducted the present study based on our earlier findings that the stable nitroxide tempol when administered i.p. led to radioprotection of murine salivary glands. We have examined the effects of tempol dose, the route of tempol administration, and the timing of tempol administration in this model. In the previous study, the dose used (275 mg/kg tempol) was 75% of the LD50 when administered i.p. Thus, we initially preformed studies to examine the tempol dose dependence of salivary gland radioprotection. We found equivalent irradiation protection of salivary output after tempol doses of 275 and 137.5 mg/kg body weight. There was no significant protection at lower doses.. Next, we evaluated the significance of the time of tempol i.p. administration. Of the three timepoints tested, only administration 10 minutes before irradiation was effective in protecting salivary gland function. Neither administration 5 minutes before irradiation nor 10 minutes after irradiation was useful. We speculate that ...
Previous studies indicate that FAL VAC-1, a recombinant multistage and multicomponent Plasmodium falciparum candidate vaccine containing 12 B cell and 9 T cell epitopes from 9 different antigens of different life cycle stages is immunogenic in animal models and that FAL VAC-1-induced antibodies produced significant antiparasite activities against both sporozoite and blood stages of the parasite. In preparation for vaccine trials in humans, a community based cross-sectional study in a malaria holoendemic area of western Kenya was conducted during April-August 1999, to characterise in vitro natural humoral and cellular immune responses to this candidate vaccine and their association with clinical protection against malaria in young children , 2 years old (N= 180) and their non-pregnant mothers aged 15-48 years (N=139). FAL VAC-1 antigen was used in antibody measurement by ELISA and in lymphoproliferative experiments. Prevalence and level of antibodies were significantly higher in adults than in ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Nucleus-basal body connector in chlamydomonas: Evidence for a role in basal body segregation and against essential roles in mitosis or in determining cell polarity. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
When you live in a body that is broken by chronic disease, there are obviously physical challenges but the hardest part of me, living in a body that wont cooperate, is not the physical discomfort, its the emotional strain of knowing I am not the same as I was before sarcoidosis decided to invade my…
There was a time when I lived a different life. We were isolated from the world, living in our small space.Playing by the rules of this particular place and time. Where the smallest item, luxury, sample of information, each indulgence; became currency. Homesick, some of us just plain sick, we would retire to our bunks…. ...
He told reporters, Im a bad guy sometimes. I did a lot of bad things, and I want to be forgiven. So in order for me to be forgiven, I hope they can forgive me. I wanna change my life, I wanna live a different life now. I wanna live my sober life. I dont wanna die. Im on the verge of dying, because Im a vicious alcoholic ...
Wild turkeys and farm-raised turkeys have very different lives. Wild turkeys can live up to 12 years, weigh about 18 pounds, and spend their days foraging for food. By contrast, a male turkey on a factory farm lives about 136 days, weighs 35 pounds and is anything but a free bird.
Sam Shepards True West is a black comedy that tells the story of Austin and Lee, two brothers leading vastly different lives who meet unexpectedly at their mothers home in suburban Los Angeles, and through a series of ...
I finally decided to start doing basal body temp. I know to start at the first day of my cycle. but only the lord knows when that is.Im at 80 some days now. so
Synonyms for basal body temperature method of family planning in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for basal body temperature method of family planning. 1 synonym for basal body temperature method of family planning: basal body temperature method. What are synonyms for basal body temperature method of family planning?
Definition of eyespot in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of eyespot. What does eyespot mean? Information and translations of eyespot in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Multi-ciliary arrays promote fluid flow and cellular motility using the polarized and coordinated beating of hundreds of motile cilia. Tetrahymena basal bodies (BBs) nucleate and position cilia, whereby BB-associated striated fibers (SFs) promote BB anchorage and orientation into ciliary rows. Mutants that shorten SFs cause disoriented BBs. In contrast to the cytotaxis model, we show that disoriented BBs with short SFs can regain normal orientation if SF length is restored. In addition, SFs adopt unique lengths by their shrinkage and growth to establish and maintain BB connections and cortical interactions in a ciliary force-dependent mechanism. Tetrahymena SFs comprise at least eight uniquely localizing proteins belonging to the SF-assemblin family. Loss of different proteins that localize to the SF base disrupts either SF steady-state length or ciliary force-induced SF elongation. Thus, the dynamic regulation of SFs promotes BB connections and cortical interactions to organize ciliary arrays. ...
அடிநிலை உடல் வெப்பநிலை (Basal body temperature) என்பது ஓய்வுநிலையில் (பொதுவாக தூக்கத்தில் இருக்கும்போது) உடலில் இருக்கக்கூடிய மிகக் குறைந்த வெப்பநிலையாகும். இது பொதுவாக தூக்கத்தில் இருந்து எழுந்தவுடன், வேறு உடல் இயக்கங்கள் ஆரம்பிக்க முன்னர் அளவிடப்படும். இருப்பினும் அந்த அளவீட்டை மிகச் சரியானதாகக் கொள்ள முடியாது. காரணம் அந்த அளவீடு, உண்மையான அடிநிலை உடல் வெப்பநிலையை விட சிறியளவில் ...
Theres a whiplash feeling that catches you like a lasso when youre living a very different life than the one you were prepared for. I have that at least weekly, still. I have realized that we each contain multitudes. That we arent just one person. But people who werent allowed to freely develop have more…
Radford, Andrew( 1988) Transformational Grammar: A First Course. Cambridge University Press. Ken loved me responsible phrases and his Different life.
The Importance of Basal Body Temperature:. As you might be already aware, there are various methods to determine whether you are fertile. One among these is your basal body temperature charting. The method of basal body temperature charting would help determine when you are likely to ovulate. So, how to use this method? Lets see here now:. While using this method, you will be tracking your bodys basal temperature. In simple terms, the basal body temperature can be defined as the lowest temperature that the body would experience in a 24-hour period. In order to note down your basal body temperature, you need to take the readings when your body is completely idle. This is why its advisable to track the basal body temperature immediately after waking up from your sleep.. Its to be noted here that your basal body temperature will be more or less stable with just some minor fluctuations. While this is the case during all the days of a menstrual cycle, you would see a slight, as well as steady ...
The Basal Body Temperature (BBT) method is the observation of a persons daily waking temperature using a Basal Body Thermometer to pinpoint ovulation.
The BabyMed Basal Body Temperature BBT Chart Ovulation Calendar and Ovulation Chart makes it easy to keep and maintain an online fertility and basal body temperature chart.
Download 22 Basal Body Temperature Chart Stock Illustrations, Vectors & Clipart for FREE or amazingly low rates! New users enjoy 60% OFF. 71,519,315 stock photos online.
In an earlier post about planning for pregnancy, knowing your ovulation cycle was mentioned as one of the must-do. http://chewingonit.wordpress.com/2009/07/06/pregnancy-should-be-planned/. Heres a link on how you should chart your basal body temperature.. I used Omron Basal Thermometer, which costs about $20 and are sold at most pharmacies.. ...
Basal body temperature charting is one of the best methods of improving fertility of couples, It is also used as a birth control and contraception method.
You can use these free BBT fertility charts to keep track of your daily fertility signs - Basal body temperature, cervical fluid, and other fertility indicators.
Wide-ranging research shows that highly religious people lead markedly different lives than others: they can expect to be happier and healthier and to have stronger marriages and families.
October 2013 Update: Happy 2 Year Anniversary!! Im amazed at how different life is two years later. Though the hardest thing Ive ever been through in my life, Ive grown so much as a result of having overcome such terrifying and daunting medical issues. In a weird way, Im better for having experienced these hardships. Im more sure of myself these days and more confident I can face lifes challenges better ...
October 2013 Update: Happy 2 Year Anniversary!! Im amazed at how different life is two years later. Though the hardest thing Ive ever been through in my life, Ive grown so much as a result of having overcome such terrifying and daunting medical issues. In a weird way, Im better for having experienced these hardships. Im more sure of myself these days and more confident I can face lifes challenges better ...
We administered a large online version of the belief update task which applied these changes to the task design. Specifically, participants were asked to report how likely they thought different life events - a mix of everyday pleasant and unpleasant life events - were to occur to them in the next month. They were then shown information about the actual likelihood of these events occurring and asked to re-estimate how likely they thought the events were to occur to them. The results revealed that belief updating - the extent to which participants changed their beliefs - was optimistically biased once again; individuals adjusted beliefs more after receiving good news than they did after getting bad news. Note that in this design, good news could either constitute learning that a pleasant event (e.g., being invited to a party) was more likely to occur, or that an unpleasant event (e.g., catching a cold) was less likely to occur. The opposite cases - learning that a pleasant event was less or that ...
I wouldnt give it up for the world and thankfully I dont have to. I send my heartfelt thanks out to the men and women in the military, fighting to allow us the freedom we often take for granted. Without them and those who came before them, we would be living very different lives. Heres a military video, just for fun. :) ...
Immigration and the global movement of people is currently a hot and controversial topic. In one of two fictional programmes looking at such issues, here we look at people who are uprooted out of choice, whether as part of a culture or to experience a different life to better themselves.. Film running order:. DISTANCE Cristian Perez Scigliano 22 mins. DÁNIEL Dean Loxton 14 mins. SWALLOWS Sofia Bost 14 mins. SILENT ROOMS Katarina Complova 24 mins. SNARE WVLFCVB 24 mins 98 mins ...
Counselling can be helpful for a number of different life difficulties such as anxiety, depression and family and relationship issues.nbsp; Often in...
The eyespot of a euglena detects light, according to Biology Cabinet. It lies at the front end of the organism and appears as reddish or brownish...
There are many things you can do to prepare for a life line screening. The majority of these screenings require little or no preparation. Some screenings will involve many hours of fasting or require you to wear loose clothes. Here are different life line screenings and what you need to do to prepare for them.. Carotid Artery Disease(Stroke). To prepare for a carotid artery disease screening you will need to wear a shirt that opens at the collar and has short sleeves. Make sure that you are not wearing a turtleneck.. Atrial Fibrillation(Stroke). For an atrial fibrillation screening, you will need to wear a comfy two-piece outfit that consists of loose clothing. Make sure that you do not wear a watch, pantyhose, lotion, or oil. Make sure that you keep your cell phone is turned off.. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. To prepare for an abdominal aortic aneurysm screening wear comfy, loose fitting clothes. Do not eat or drink anything for 4 hours before your screening. If you are on medication, make sure ...
After a month of charting, you should be able to connect the dots to see the outline of a curve formed by a series of low points prior to ovulation and a series of high points following ovulation. This pattern should help you determine a significant information about your cycle including when you ovulate, the length of your luteal cycle (important for implantation), and whether you have fertile-like cervical fluid prior to ovulation as outlined in TCOYF.. If your BBT chart is difficult to decipher, I highly recommend that you take your chart to an acupuncturist or other medical professional familiar with trouble-shooting basal body temperature charts. Our bodies do not perform like robots, therefore, it is normal to have temperatures that are outliers but still considered part of a normal pattern. Someone that has looked at hundreds or thousands of basal body temperature will help you determine whether something is abnormal and eliminate the guess work for you.. Next week, we will discuss the ...
Basal body temperature is the lowest temperature attained by the body during rest (usually during sleep). It is generally measured immediately after awakening and before any physical activity has been undertaken, although the temperature measured at that time is somewhat higher than the true basal body temperature. In
Definition: A membrane-tethered, short cylindrical array of microtubules and associated proteins found at the base of a cilium that is similar in structure to a centriole and derives from it. The cilium basal body is the site of assembly and remodelling of the cilium and serves as a nucleation site for axoneme growth ...
PLEASE NOTE: The information provided on this site is intended to serve only as a supplement to your resources and is in no way to be considered medical advice, medical diagnosis or treatment. Always check with your obstetrician, physician, midwife, or other health care provider before choosing to do or not do any course of action.. ___________________________________________________________. ...
Dr. Ingram responded: Determines ovulation. Bbt is a cheap way to help determine possible |a href=/topics/ovulation track_data={
Due to the excessive fibrous content of things like celery and cabbage it takes quite a lot of power for the physique to burn them and remodel them into vitality. You possibly can withh consuming ought to be pleasing and pleasurable and this busy consuming hypotyroidism issue is simply too boring a plan to bear. By: William Onedge Sep twelfth 2009 - There may be not a must go in the marketplace and spend 4 hundred. Hyoothyroidism low in calories and also full of loads of fiber. It is worthwhile to know whether or not or not or not you wish to eat additional vitality or eat a lot much less energy or for those who happen to occur to stomach is staying the same. The idea is that this causes an absence of communication between cells and has an hostile effect on the relocation of the GLUT receptors. Do you may have a giant event developing that it is advisable reduce weight for. Such a food regimen had at various levels very restricted content of carbohydrates. With completely different life come ...
I tried it out, shot a video from the balcony with my Nokia 6230, sent that 91kb file via MMS to the eyespot server and just added one of the free audio files as background music. Nothing big, just a small test to see how this works ...
So, a major basal body temperature dip this morning- along with some heavy brown/pink spotting- has me convinced that the new cycle is really anxious to start. So I guess I will just stop the progesterone, because Im going to start whether I am still taking it or not ...
Learn about fertility charting including charting your basal body temperature, cervical mucous and position. Get advice for how to determine the best time to conceive during your cycle.
Using Basal Body Thermometer and temp is 96.6 for almost all of the times I tested. I thought it is suppose to be above 97 or above. When I am
Basal body. BBsome. BBS1. BBS2. BBS4. BBS5. BBS7. TTC8. BBS9. chaperone. MKKS. BBS10. BBS12. Other. ARL6. TRIM32. ALMS1. CC2D2A ...
Basal body. BBsome. BBS1. BBS2. BBS4. BBS5. BBS7. TTC8. BBS9. chaperone. MKKS. BBS10. BBS12. Other. ARL6. TRIM32. ALMS1. CC2D2A ... ciliary basal body. • centrosome. • photoreceptor outer segment. • cell projection. • sperm flagellum. • cilium. • cytoskeleton ...
"Basal Body Temperature". Pacific Fertility Center. Retrieved 6 March 2015. Benham, J. L.; Yamamoto, J. M.; Friedenreich, C. M ... Basal body temperatures are not reliable for predicting ovulation. Management of infertility in polycystic ovary syndrome ... A reason that insulin sensitizers work in increasing fertility is that they lower total insulin levels in body as metabolic ...
Basal bodies are present. Although hemosporidians and piroplasmids have normal triplets of microtubules in their basal bodies, ... The sporozoites escape from the oocyst and migrate within the body of the vector to the salivary glands where they are injected ... The apical complex consists of a set of spirally arranged microtubules (the conoid), a secretory body (the rhoptry) and one or ... The fertilized macrogamete forms a zygote that in its turn forms an oocyst that is normally released from the body. Syzygy, ...
These basal bodies lie along the rostral tube and are made up of microtubules. The basal bodies are connected to a large Golgi ... Another key component of a Trichonympha cell is the basal body and parabasal fibres. Trichonympha has long basal bodies which ... The entire cell is covered in thousands of flagella which arise from basal bodies. There are several patterns of how the ... Guichard P, Gönczy P (December 2016). "Basal body structure in Trichonympha". Cilia. 5 (1): 9. doi:10.1186/s13630-016-0031-7. ...
Beisson, J; Wright, M (2003). "Basal body/centriole assembly and continuity". Current Opinion in Cell Biology. 15 (1): 96-104. ... which becomes the basal body. An inability of cells to use centrioles to make functional flagella and cilia has been linked to ...
These arise from a basal body. In some flagellates, flagella direct food into a cytostome or mouth, where food is ingested. ...
... where the axoneme and basal body meet) and the root system (microtubular or fibrilar structures which extends from the basal ... The basal body has several traits in common with some types of secretory pores, such as the hollow, rod-like "plug" in their ... Basal bodies are structurally identical to centrioles. The flagellum is encased within the cell's plasma membrane, so that the ... A shaft runs between the hook and the basal body, passing through protein rings in the cell's membrane that act as bearings. ...
"BBOF1 - Basal body-orientation factor 1 - Homo sapiens (Human) - BBOF1 gene & protein". "RecName: Full=Basal body-orientation ... Basal body-orientation factor 1 (BBOF1) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the gene CCDC176, which is located on the ... This basal body protein has been shown in multiciliated cells to align and maintain cilia orientation in response to flow. This ... No other genes or proteins have been found that encode basal body orientation factors. A similar set of genes, tubulin tyrosine ...
The sixth flagellum emerges from a basal body the dorsal side of the body, independent of the basal body complex of the other ... Fibrillar appendages arise from the basal bodies. An axostyle also originates near the anterior basal bodies, passes through ... A lateral groove develops along the side of the body from the disc. Six flagella of varying lengths arise from the anterior end ... A recurrent flagellum is attached to the cell body by an undulating membrane and is free at the posterior end. The undulating ...
Basal body temperature changes during the menstrual cycle. Higher levels of progesterone released during the menstrual cycle ... A fertility monitor may analyze changes in hormone levels in urine, basal body temperature, electrical resistance of saliva and ... causes an abrupt increase in basal body temperature by 0.5 °C to 1 °C at the time of ovulation. This enables identification of ... the appearance of pubic hair and changes to body fat distribution. The end of a woman's fertile years typically comes somewhat ...
The body is angular, the basal curvature very slight. It contains probably 10 whorls in the conch of the perfect adult. The ... The area in front of the fasciole is undulated by the axials, which number 14 on the body of the holotype but which run as low ... They become obsolete upon the base of the body. The spirals are low, flattened, and rather obscure, usually 3 upon the ... Ssecondaries are fortuitously introduced upon the base of the body. The fasciole exhibits an obscure spiral liration anteriorly ...
Hall JL, Ramanis Z, Luck DJ (October 1989). "Basal body/centriolar DNA: molecular genetic studies in Chlamydomonas". Cell. 59 ( ... and in many cases is the basal body from which the cilium grows. An apparent intermediate stage between spindle and cilium ... first in the various early-branching single-celled eukaryotes that have a microtubule basal body, where microtubules on one end ...
... s are thought to be involved in the assembly of the basal body. The study of tektins has also been found to be useful in ... They are also present in centrioles and basal bodies. They are polymeric in nature, and form filaments. They include TEKT1, ... during spermatogenesis suggest that it is involved in the development of the sperm tail basal body and axoneme". Eur. J. Cell ...
The characteristics of the rise in basal body temperature after ovulation is not helpful in the diagnosis of luteal phase ... Downs KA, Gibson M (October 1983). "Basal body temperature graph and the luteal phase defect". Fertility and Sterility. 40 (4 ... If implantation occurs, the corpus luteum will continue to produce progesterone (and maintain high basal body temperatures) for ... lower basal body temperatures, or both. This is known as a "secondary estrogen surge".[medical citation needed] The hormones ...
All of these taxa have basal body core connections. With an increase in the number of taxa for which sequence data are ...
None of these basal body plans exhibit bilateral symmetry. Sponges are animals of the phylum Porifera (from Modern Latin for ... But the vertebrate body plan is only one of many, and invertebrates consist of many phyla or body plans. The history of the ... The typical body plan of a worm involves long cylindrical tube-like bodies and no limbs. Marine worms vary in size from ... The body stretches back from the head, and many bilaterians have a combination of circular muscles that constrict the body, ...
"Basal paravian functional anatomy illuminated by high-detail body outline". Nature Communications. 8: 14576. Bibcode:2017NatCo ... Stephen L. Brusatte; Graeme T. Lloyd; Steve C. Wang; Mark A. Norell (2014). "Gradual assembly of avian body plan culminated in ... Wang, M.; Wang, X.; Wang, Y.; Zhou, Z. (2016). "A new basal bird from China with implications for morphological diversity in ... Some studies on the body feathering of anchiornithids indicate that the feathers were pennaceous, but seemingly lacked barbules ...
"Mammalian basal metabolic rate is proportional to body mass2/3". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 100 (7): 4046 ... Body mass of 15 males was found to be merely 357 to 600 g (0.787 to 1.323 lb) with a mean of 501 g (1.105 lb), the lowest adult ... The wing chord of males ranges from 300 to 342 mm (11.8 to 13.5 in) and of females from 336 to 385 mm (13.2 to 15.2 in). Body ... Known males have scaled from 894 to 1,200 g (1.971 to 2.646 lb) while a small sample of females weighed have had a body mass ...
Mutations in rotatin result in fewer, abnormally short cilia, with bulbous tips and multiple basal bodies. It is also involved ... Rotatin is involved in the maintenance of ciliary basal bodies. ...
The kinetoplast and basal body lie towards the anterior end. Promastigote is formed in the alimentary tract of the sandfly. It ... The nucleus lies at the centre, and in front of which are kinetoplast and basal body. Leishmania donovani is a digenetic ... After reading Leishman paper, Donovan confirmed on 17 June that the parasites (by then known as "Leishman bodies") were ... He gave the popular name "Leishman-Donovan bodies", and subsequently the valid binomial Leishmania donovani, thereby equally ...
"Basal paravian functional anatomy illuminated by high-detail body outline". Nature Communications. 8: Article number 14576. ... 2017) reconstruct the body outline of Anchiornis huxleyi based on the data on soft tissues revealed by laser-stimulated ... A study on the possible reasons why sexual dimorphism is rarely detected in non-avian dinosaurs, indicated by body-size data ... Ya-Ming Wang; Hai-Lu You; Tao Wang (2017). "A new basal sauropodiform dinosaur from the Lower Jurassic of Yunnan Province, ...
"Basal paravian functional anatomy illuminated by high-detail body outline". Nature Communications. 8: 14576. Bibcode:2017NatCo ... Zheng, X.; Zhou, Z.; Wang, X.; Zhang, F.; Zhang, X.; Wang, Y.; Wei, G.; Wang, S.; Xu, X. (2013). "Hind wings in basal birds and ... Like all paravians, it was covered in feathers, though it also had scales on certain parts of the body. The wings, legs, and ... Two types of simpler, downy (plumaceous) feathers covered the rest of the body, as in Sinornithosaurus: down feathers made up ...
The basal half of the body whorl shows revolving grooves. The upper half of the body whorl shows revolving rows of tubercles, ...
... shaped green chromatophore and two flagella of equal length arising from the basal body and extending beyond the length of body ... One type connects to two basal bodies and one nucleus. The other type attaches to left and right plasma membrane at cell ...
... as the daughter basal body will also rotate around the mother basal body in a timing and manner similar to the rotation of the ... The flagellar basal body begins replication, as does the kinetoplast. The association of the replicating kinetoplast to the two ... A pro-kDNA kinetoplast is a bundle-like structure found in the mitochondrial matrix proximal to the flagellar basal body. In ... A kinetoplast is usually adjacent to the organism's flagellar basal body, suggesting that it is tightly bound to the ...
It is homologous to the basal body in bacterial flagella. It is like a molecular syringe through which a bacterium (e.g. ... release via exosomes derived from multivesicular bodies. In addition, proteins can be released from cells by mechanical or ...
The kinetoplast and basal body lie towards the anterior end. The promastigote form is found in the alimentary tract of ... The nucleus lies at the centre, and in front of it are the kinetoplast and the basal body. The details of the evolution of this ... They independently visualised microscopic single-celled parasites (later called Leishman-Donovan bodies) living within the ... A long flagellum (about the body length) is projected externally at the anterior end. ...
Golgi bodies lie between the chloroplast and the basal bodies; cis-Golgi face the chloroplast and trans-Golgi face the basal ... The Golgi of Tetraselmis species has a distinct number of Golgi bodies usually within the range of 2-4, but species can have up ... The theca of most species closely encloses the cell body, but can become separated due to irregularities in cell shape. Theca ... See figure 1 for general features of the flagella and cell body of Tetraselmis species. They have a single large chloroplast, ...
"Interactions between frontal cortex and basal ganglia in working memory: A computational model" (PDF). link.springer.com. doi: ... There is a large body of literature regarding how different currents interact with geometric properties of neurons.[21] ... Additional models look at the close relationship between the basal ganglia and the prefrontal cortex and how that contributes ...
The base or basal species in a food web are those species without prey and can include autotrophs or saprophytic detritivores ( ... To maintain their bodies, grow, develop, and to reproduce, autotrophs produce organic matter from inorganic substances, ... Basal species, such as plants, form the first level and are the resource limited species that feed on no other living creature ... Basal species can be autotrophs or detritivores, including "decomposing organic material and its associated microorganisms ...
Esau, Katherine (2006) [1953]. Evert, Ray F (ed.). Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their ... Basal. Arising from the base of the stem.. Cauline. Arising from the aerial stem.. Opposite. Two leaves, branches, or flower ... May be basal or suprabasal depending on origin, and perfect or imperfect depending on whether they reach to 2/3 of the way to ... Several to many equal fine basal veins diverging radially at low angles and branching apically. E.g. Paranomus.. Flabellate ...
Cushing H: The Pituitary Body and its Disorders: Clinical States Produced by Disorders of the Hypophysis Cerebra. Philadelphia ... A basal central:peripheral ratio of over 3:1 when CRH is administered is indicative of Cushing's disease.[7] This test has been ... Cushing, Harvey (1932). "The basophil adenomas of the pituitary body and their clinical manifestations (pituitary basophilism ... Out of the 12 cases with hypercortisolism described in Cushing's monograph on the pituitary body, 67% died within a few years ...
"The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 57-94. ISBN 9780307755742. . ... some soldiers in tropical climates developed such severe and widespread tropical acne on their bodies that they were declared ... and fat harvested from the person's own body (autologous fat transfer).[161] ... and usually occur on the trunk of the body.[32] ... basal-cell carcinoma. *Merkel-cell carcinoma. *nevus sebaceous ...
Some species differ in form from the typical octopus body shape. Members of the suborder Cirrina have stout gelatinous bodies ... High levels of RNA editing do not appear to be present in more basal cephalopods or other molluscs.[118][119] ... This moves the body slowly.[31]. In 2005, Adopus aculeatus and veined octopus (Amphioctopus marginatus) were found to walk on ... that allow the octopus to sense the orientation of its body. They provide information on the position of the body relative to ...
It was hypothesized to be a basal theropod, a basal sauropodomorph, a basal saurischian, or not a dinosaur at all but another ... The tail, partially stiffened by overlapping vertebral projections, balanced the body and was also an adaptation for speed.[9] ... Other possible basal theropods, Alwalkeria from the Late Triassic Maleri Formation of India,[58] and Teyuwasu, known from very ... The ilium, the main hip bone, is supported by only two sacrals, a basal trait.[9] However, the pubis points backwards, a ...
Almost all passerines have 12 tail feathers.[4] This is a basal trait, a feature inherited from their past. It leads biologists ... Passerines have significantly large brains compared to body size, and many passerines are comparatively intelligent.[3] ... Basal Passeri - the oldest 'true' song birds. They live in Australia. *Menuridae: lyrebirds ...
Talk:Body of femur. *Talk:Body of humerus. *Talk:Body of sphenoid bone ... Talk:Basal plate (neural tube). *Talk:Basal vein. *Talk:Base of lung ...
... the low basal metabolism makes body temperature drop rapidly when the animal is inactive. ... "Iguana Internal Body Parts". Reptile & Parrots Forum. Retrieved 2017-04-22.. *^ Wang, Tobias; Altimiras, Jordi; Klein, Wilfried ... The Vertebrate Body. 5th ed. Saunders, Philadelphia. (6th ed. 1985) *^ Gilbert, SF; Corfe, I (May 2013). "Turtle origins: ... These pits allow the snakes to sense the body heat of birds and mammals, enabling pit vipers to hunt rodents in the dark.[ ...
... or basal, traits) than the younger OH 7, suggesting derived and basal morphs lived concurrently, and that the H. habilis ... The bodies of the mandibles of H. habilis and other early Homo are thicker than those of modern humans and all living apes, ... However, relative female body mass is unknown in this species.[29] Early hominins, including H. habilis, are thought to have ... Haeusler, M.; McHenry, H. M. (2004). "Body Proportions of Homo Habilis". Journal of Human Evolution. 46 (4): 433-465. doi: ...
... s may describe several "frondose" structures in non-plant organisms -- such as the entire bodies of thalloid organisms, or ... including any stem or basal disc. To classify rangeomorph taxa, the frond is generally subdivided into segments as are those of ...
BaP has an effect on the number of white blood cells, inhibiting some of them from differentiating into macrophages, the body's ... "Basal and inducible CYP1 mRNA quantitation and protein localization throughout the mouse gastrointestinal tract". Free Radic ...
... is a rare type of progressive bulbar palsy that occurs in children. The disease exists in both rapid and slow onsets, and involves inflammation of the gray matter of the bulb.[1] Infantile PBP is a disease that manifests itself in two forms: Fazio Londe syndrome (FL) and Brown-Vialetto-Van-Laere syndrome (BVVL).[2] ...
Cortisol is a major stress hormone and has effects on many tissues in the body, including the brain. In the brain, cortisol ... Rats that have been prenatally stressed have elevated basal levels and abnormal circadian rhythm of corticosterone as adults.[ ... The HPA axis is responsible for modulating inflammatory responses that occur throughout the body.[7][8] ... The HPA axis has a central role in regulating many homeostatic systems in the body, including the metabolic system, ...
Hemiballismus (affecting only one side of the body) G25.85 حرکت‌پریشی (contorted torsion or twisting) ۳۳۳٫۷۱ R25.8 ...
Hutchinson J.R. et al (2011). "A computational analysis of limb and body dimensions in Tyrannosaurus rex with implications for ... Magnetostratigraphy and geochronology of the Hell Creek and basal Fort Union Formations of southwestern North Dakota and a ... Boardman T.J., Packard G.C., Birchard G.F. (2009). "Allometric equations for predicting body mass of dinosaurs". Journal of ...
Their skull is heavy with a basal length above 60 cm (24 in) and an occiput above 19 cm (7.5 in). Their nasal horn is slightly ... The folds in the skin increase the surface area and help in regulating the body temperature.[17] The thick skin does not ... Males have a head and body length of 368-380 cm (12.07-12.47 ft) with a shoulder height of 170-186 cm (5.58-6.10 ft), while ... They have very little body hair, aside from eyelashes, ear fringes and tail brush. Males have huge neck folds. ...
Basal cell carcinoma Fleshy, growing mass Areas exposed to the sun Squamous cell carcinoma Unusual growth that is red, scaly or ... Face, chest & back, whole body, armpits, inside elbows, groins Sebaceous cyst Bump with a white dome under the skin Scalp, nape ... A rash may be localized in one part of the body, or affect all the skin. Rashes may cause the skin to change color, itch, ... Symmetry: e.g., herpes zoster usually only affects one side of the body and does not cross the midline. ...
fMRI revealed that activity in a posterior portion of the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex/basal forebrain (sgACC) drives ... fruiting body in which some cells sacrifice themselves to promote the survival of other cells in the fruiting body. ... basal forebrain, contributes to learning altruistic behavior, especially in those with trait empathy.[21] The same study has ... where concern for others is rooted to be a demand made by ALLAH on the human body, considered to be property of ALLAH alone. ...
The remaining body parts were deposited in underground funerary chambers with a westerly orientation, which symbolized rebirth ... as indicated by its southern range and basal physical and genetic characteristics.[4] ... DNA sequences of both modern and ancient wolves generated a phylogenetic tree which indicated that the two most basal North ...
Arachnids are mostly carnivorous, feeding on the pre-digested bodies of insects and other small animals. Only the harvestmen ... Mesothelae - very rare, basal spiders, with abdomen segmented and spinnerets median. *Opisthothelae - spiders with abdomen ... Basic characteristics of arachnids include four pairs of legs (1) and a body divided into two segments: the cephalothorax (2) ... Their body is organized into two parts: the cephalothorax, and the abdomen. ...
Evert RF, Eichhorn SE (2006). Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their Structure, Function ...
Body dysmorphic disorder. *Hypochondriasis. *Nosophobia. *Da Costa's syndrome. *Psychalgia. *Conversion disorder *Ganser ...
"Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation". Nature Genetics. 41 (1 ... and basal forebrain-areas vital to learning, memory, and higher thinking.[12] BDNF is also expressed in the retina, kidneys, ... close to the BDNF gene were found to be associated with obesity in two very large genome-wide association studies of body mass ...
Neuronal cell body injury markers include Neuron-specific enolase (NSE), Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1), Astroglial ... 3) The biomarker must have low background or basal biofluid levels in general noninjured healthy control population. (4) The ... Siderowf A, Aarsland D, Mollenhauer B, Goldman JG, Ravina B (April 2018). "Biomarkers for cognitive impairment in Lewy body ... The processes covered by these biomarkers thus far include axonal injury, dendritic injury, neuronal cell body injury, ...
Olfactory axons invade the basal lamina of the glia limitans and the olfactory bulb to create the olfactory nerve and ... A study has shown that cell transplantation may cause an increase in body temperature of a subject with an older injury to the ... In this experiment, the patients' body temperatures were elevated to those of a moderate fever after transplantation, and ... the delivery cells are less likely to be rejected by the body and biological functions such as cell adhesion and growth will be ...
a) An organism with an asymmetrical, amoeboid, body plan (Amoeba proteus - an amoeba). (b) An organism with a spherical body ... The part of the organism attached to the substrate is usually referred to as the basal end (from Latin basis 'support/ ... the beam of X-rays passes from their source to patient's anterior body wall through the body to exit through posterior body ... The median plane, which divides the body into left and right.[2][6] This passes through the head, spinal cord, navel, and, in ...
"Basal tyrant dinosaurs and my pet Mirischia".. - note Mirischia was a coelurosaur, which Naish believes was closely related to ... Romer, A.S.; Parsons, T.S. (1977). The Vertebrate Body. Holt-Saunders International. pp. 330-334. ISBN 0-03-910284-X.. .mw- ... have many air sacs in the body that are not just in bones, and they can be identified as the more primitive form of modern bird ... which when expressed as a ratio of air volume per body weight at 29 ml/kg is similar to values of geese and other birds, and ...
A few rare species have also been found in northern Africa.[29] The most basal of the adapiforms include the genera Cantius ... In some cases, strepsirrhines may anoint themselves with urine (urine washing). Body postures and gestures may be used, ... They are included in Strepsirrhini,[5] and are considered basal members of the clade.[77] Although their status as true ... Beard, K. C. (2002). "Chapter 9: Basal anthropoids". The primate fossil record. pp. 133-149.. ...
basal body synonyms, basal body pronunciation, basal body translation, English dictionary definition of basal body. n. A ... Related to basal body: basal body temperature. basal body. n.. A cellular organelle that is similar to the centriole in ... Basal body - definition of basal body by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/basal+body ... One of the most common discussion topics was basal body temperature (BBT) and its relationship to thyroid disease.. Does basal ...
Basal Body Temperature Chart: Android app (50 downloads) → Easily track all information about your menstrual cycle (temperature ... Easily track all information about your menstrual cycle (temperature, period). The app generates a basal body temperature chart ... Easily track all information about your menstrual cycle (temperature, period). The app generates a basal body temperature chart ... period). The app generates a basal body... ...
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... pBB and dBB represent basal body, proximal basal body and distal basal body, respectively. Scale bars in a and b represent 100 ... When they function to template cilia, centrioles transition into basal bodies. The fruit fly has various types of basal bodies ... The variety of basal bodies found in Drosophila. a Representative electron micrographs of the cross section view of the basal ... in the fruit fly have unveiled new basal body components and revealed different modes of assembly and functions of basal bodies ...
Everything you need to know about charting your basal body temperature-including why its falling out of favour with fertility ... How do you measure basal body temperature?. If you want to track your BBT, youll want to take it orally first thing in the ... How to chart your basal body temperature. Everything you need to know about charting your BBT-including why its falling out of ... Its one of the reasons why charting basal body temperature (BBT) was so promising when it was first connected with fertility ...
flgG; flagellar basal body rod protein FlgG; Provisional. pfam00460. Location:5 → 35. Flg_bb_rod; Flagella basal body rod ... flagellar basal body rod protein FlgG. YP_009736.1. *makes up the distal portion of the flagellar basal body rod ... flagellar basal body rod protein FlgG. Locus tag. DVU0513. Gene type. protein coding. RefSeq status. REVIEWED. Organism. ... flgG flagellar basal body rod protein FlgG [ Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. Hildenborough ] Gene ID: 2794305, updated on 20-Aug- ...
The basal body differs from the mother centriole in at least 2 aspects. First, basal bodies have basal feet, which are anchored ... The basal body serves as a nucleation site for the growth of the axoneme microtubules. Centrioles, from which basal bodies are ... Basal Body Components Exhibit Differential Protein Dynamics during Nascent Basal Body Assembly. Mol Biol Cell. Feb 1; 20(3): ... the mother centriole differentiates into the basal body upon entry into G1 or quiescence. Thus, the basal body in such a cell ...
The main effects of an elevated basal body temperature generally depend on whats causing the elevation. For an elevation ... As a result, some women use their body temperature to give them cues about their fertility, because an elevated basal body ... I have a friend who had an elevated basal body temperature for seventeen days and she was not pregnant! So it can be tricky to ... An elevated basal body temperature may indicate different things for different people. For example, it could indicate an ...
Basal body temperature (BBT or BTP) is the lowest body temperature attained during rest (usually during sleep). It is usually ... Records of basal body temperature can be used to accurately determine if a woman is ovulating, and if the length of the post- ... Basal body temperature alone is most effective at preventing pregnancy if the couple abstains from intercourse from the ... There is limited evidence about the effectiveness of fertility awareness family planning methods, some of which use basal body ...
The chemical and metabolic rate regulates and controls many body functions. Thyroid function is a major determinant of the ... Basal Body Temp. The chemical and metabolic rate regulates and controls many body functions. Thyroid function is a major ... The Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is performed by you at home in bed first thing in the morning. Use a glass thermometer. Before ... Some causes of low body temperature and related symptoms:. *Hypothyroidism: low heart rate, slow movements, mental dullness, ...
Changes in Body Compositions and Basal Metabolic Rates during Treatment of Graves Disease. Min Joo Kim,1 Sun Wook Cho,1 Sumin ... Changes in Body Weight and Dietary Intake. At the time of diagnosis, the mean body weight and BMI were 49.1 ± 3.3 kg and 20.5 ... Because thyroid hormone is an important determinant of body weight and basal metabolic rate, we investigated the changes in the ... The thyroid hormone is an important determinant of the body composition by regulating the basal metabolic rate and ...
Choosing sides - asymmetric centriole and basal body assembly Chad G. Pearson. J Cell Sci 2014 127: 2803-2810; doi: 10.1242/jcs ... Intraflagellar transport protein IFT52 recruits IFT46 to the basal body and flagella Bo Lv, Lei Wan, Michael Taschner, Xi Cheng ... Basal body proteins regulate Notch signaling through endosomal trafficking Carmen C. Leitch, Sukanya Lodh, Victoria Prieto- ... ε-tubulin is essential in Tetrahymena thermophila for the assembly and stability of basal bodies Ian Ross, Christina Clarissa, ...
Charting Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is one of the more common and most accurate ways of predicting ovulation. Basal Body ... Temperature (BBT) is the base temperature of your body after a period of rest. A woman charting her BBT would do so first thing ... Home - Blogs - Kim Griffithss blog - Choosing a Basal Body Temperature Thermometer Choosing a Basal Body Temperature ... Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is the base temperature of your body after a period of rest. A woman charting her BBT would do so ...
Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Charting. Topic Overview. The basal body temperature (BBT) is a persons at-rest temperature. ... What tools do you need to take your basal body temperature?. The change in your body temperature is very slight, so you need to ... A basal thermometer shows you the temperature in tenths of a degree. This allows you to note tiny changes in body heat. This ... Where can you get a basal thermometer?. You can find a basal thermometer or digital thermometer in a pharmacy or in the ...
Tags: Basal Body Temperature, Cervical Fluid, Cervical Mucus, cervical position, cervix, cycle, fertility, fertility signs, ... Most recent articles tagged with Basal Body Temperature. Natural Fertility Signs. One way to increase your odds of conceiving ... Basal Body Temperature Articles & Information at BabiesOnline.com. Babies Online has several thousand articles pertaining to ... Basal Body Temperature. While you can find our most recent articles listed below, we cant possibly post them all on one page! ...
This allows you to note tiny changes in body heat.. Keeping track of basal body temperature may be helpful for women trying to ... Basal body temperature charting is done at home and is inexpensive. But to get an accurate record, a woman needs to track her ... The basal body temperature (BBT) is a persons at-rest temperature.. Natural cyclic changes in female hormones usually cause a ... Women who work varying shifts or who have irregular menstrual cycles may have difficulty getting a useful basal body ...
Q&A: Whats a Basal Body Temp Themometer? Is there a significant difference between a BBT thermometer and a regular thermometer ... You can use a regular thermometer, but it wont give results as accurate or specific as a basal body temperature(BBT) ...
... of diagrams that illustrate the evolution over the time of their basal body temperature (measured near vaginal area upon waking ... Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Calculator is a program that helps women in the writing, understanding and archiving (for future ... Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Calculator is a program that helps women in the writing, understanding and archiving (for future ... "Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Calculator" is a program that helps women in the writing, understanding and archiving (for future ...
What you are looking for is your bodys temperature soon after ovulation occurs. Your Basal Body Temperature should be lower ... The overall goal of charting your Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is to find out if and when you are ovulating. BBT is the ... Why is Your Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Important?. Status message. Active context: desktop ... Read more about your Basal Body Temperature below:. *How to Chart Your BBT ...
... centrosome and basal body associated protein ELISA Kits from leading suppliers on Biocompare. View specifications, prices, ... ALMS1, centrosome and basal body associated protein ELISA Kits. The ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a well- ... Your search returned 20 ALMS1, centrosome and basal body associated protein ELISA ELISA Kit across 4 suppliers. ...
BBT = Basal Body Temperature Basal = Base (or lowest temperature of the day that will tell you what "hormone" is dominant) ... More information about tracking BBT (basal temps). *Basal Body Temperature, the simple, inexpensive and reliable way to detect ... Therm = Thermometer Temp = Basal Body Temperature. Temp Ranges: Before Ovulation: 96.0 - 97.6 (Estrogen dominant). After ...
Im just wondering if anyone has ever had a temperature dip before finding out they were pregnant? Iv been charting this month and partly last cycle too. Last month before AF my temperature dropped dramatically (36.7 down to 35.6) the day before I came on then it rose back up to 36.6. This month yesterday I had a fairly big drop in temperature (36.95 down to 36.5) so was kind of expecting my temperature to rise again today and for AF to make an appearance. Instead my temp dropped even more to 36.3 and no signs of AF. I have heard chances are AF will show in a couple of days, so i guess im holding out on the tiniest hope that there is still a chance that I could be pregnant and wondering if anyone charting has ever found their temp drop when pregnant? 2 early mc and been ttc for a year so its all starting to get me down I think. ...
Flagellar basal-body rod protein FlgFAdd BLAST. 251. Proteomic databases. PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages ... The basal body constitutes a major portion of the flagellar organelle and consists of five rings (E,L,P,S, and M) mounted on a ... bacterial-type flagellum basal body Source: UniProtKB-SubCell. *bacterial-type flagellum hook Source: GO_CentralInferred from ... IPR019776, Flagellar_basal_body_rod_CS. IPR020013, Flagellar_FlgE/F/G. IPR010930, Flg_bb/hook_C_dom. IPR037925, FlgE/F/G- ...
IPR019776 Flagellar_basal_body_rod_CS. IPR020013 Flagellar_FlgE/F/G. IPR010930 Flg_bb/hook_C_dom. IPR037925 FlgE/F/G-like. ... IPR019776 Flagellar_basal_body_rod_CS. IPR020013 Flagellar_FlgE/F/G. IPR010930 Flg_bb/hook_C_dom. IPR037925 FlgE/F/G-like. ... bacterial-type flagellum basal body, distal rod Source: InterPro. *bacterial-type flagellum hook Source: GO_CentralInferred ... The basal body constitutes a major portion of the flagellar organelle and consists of four rings (L,P,S, and M) mounted on a ...
... the lowest measurement of the bodys temperature, measured in the morning. Learn to chart your basal body temperature from ... Basal Body Temperature Chart. Measuring your bodys temperature on a regular basis may help you to know when you are about to ... What exactly is a basal body temperature?. This is the lowest measurement of the bodys temperature when it is taken first ... In terms of accuracy (which is critical when measuring basal body temperature) it is worthwhile buying a new thermometer. Basal ...
Anatomy Term: basal body XAO ID: 0004615 Synonyms: ciliary basal body Definition: A membrane-tethered, short cylindrical array ... The cilium basal body is the site of assembly and remodelling of the cilium and serves as a nucleation site for axoneme growth ...
Active Comparator: Basal body awareness Basal body awareness is an educational method with 9 group sessions followed by 6 ... Affect School and Basal body awareness Affect School is an educational method based on SS Tomkins affect theory and Basal Body ... Affect School and Basal body awareness Affect School is an educational method based on SS Tomkins affect theory and Basal Body ... Psychological Impact in Diabetes: Intervention With Affect School and Basal Body Awareness. The safety and scientific validity ...
The structure of the oviduct basal body has been reconstructed from serial, oblique, and tangential sections This composite ... A pyramidal basal foot projects at right angles from the midregion of the basal body. In the apex, a 175 mmicro long ... The transverse axis of each triplet set at its basal end intersects a tangent to the lumenal circumference of the basal body at ... the triplet angle is 10 degrees at the basal body-cilium junction. Strands of fibrous material extend from the basal end of ...
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Manual was first published in 1899 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America. Learn more about our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge.. ...
... will increase your body temperature. For men and post menopausal women take it for 4 consecutive days. ... How to do the Barnes Basal Body Temperature Test:. You will want to take your temperature for four consecutive days, although ... Take your basal underarm temperature. The Basal Temperature is your temperature when you first wake up in the morning. Most ... The normal basal temperature will be 97.8 to 98.2 degrees F.. Repeat this test for four consecutive days or for however long ...
  • You'll want to use a special basal body thermometer-it's extra-sensitive to temperature changes, so it will catch even the slightest bump or drop in a body's heat reserves. (todaysparent.com)
  • The change in your body temperature is very slight, so you need to use a special thermometer. (uwhealth.org)
  • You can use a regular digital thermometer or buy a basal thermometer. (uwhealth.org)
  • A basal thermometer shows you the temperature in tenths of a degree. (uwhealth.org)
  • Where can you get a basal thermometer? (uwhealth.org)
  • You can find a basal thermometer or digital thermometer in a pharmacy or in the pharmacy section in many grocery stores. (uwhealth.org)
  • You can use a regular thermometer, but it won't give results as accurate or specific as a basal body temperature (BBT) thermometer. (thebump.com)
  • In terms of accuracy (which is critical when measuring basal body temperature) it is worthwhile buying a new thermometer. (huggies.com.au)
  • It is important to follow the manufacturer's instructions when using a basal body thermometer. (huggies.com.au)
  • A basal thermometer (obtained at the drugstore) shows the tiny incremental degree changes that a regular thermometer does not. (naturalhealthtechniques.com)
  • Before going to bed, shake the thermometer down to 96 degrees or less so you won't increase your basal temperature by doing that in the morning. (naturalhealthtechniques.com)
  • Before you even get out of bed to brush your teeth or start your day, place the basal thermometer into your mouth or under your arm for ten minutes . (naturalhealthtechniques.com)
  • The Fairhaven Health Digital Basal Thermometer allows a woman to determine her body temperature for basal body temperature (BBT) charting purposes. (fairhavenhealth.com)
  • Designed specifically for fertility charting, the Fairhaven Health Basal Thermometer combines pinpoint accuracy with safety and ease of use. (fairhavenhealth.com)
  • Our digital basal thermometer provides temperature readings to 1/100th of a degree Fahrenheit - perfect for fertility charting and predicting ovulation. (fairhavenhealth.com)
  • Your Basal Body Temperature can be taken orally with a special BBT thermometer. (kidsdirect.net)
  • More specifically, you'll need a thermometer that measures basal temperature. (howstuffworks.com)
  • To keep track of your resting, or basal, body temperature, the first thing you'll need to do is purchase a BBT (basal body temperature) thermometer that tracks your temperature in one-tenth increments. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Start by getting a basal body thermometer. (pillarsofhealth.ca)
  • Get a basal body thermometer (you should be able to get one at your local drugstore) that shows precise changes of one-tenth of a degree in your temperature. (babymed.com)
  • Visit Fairhaven Health online to purchase a basal thermometer . (ovagraph.com)
  • In addition, you will need a special basal body thermometer, like the digital basal and glass basal thermometers sold at Fairhaven Health. (ovagraph.com)
  • Using your digital basal thermometer, take your temperature (typically done orally, although some women prefer to take vaginal or rectal temps) first thing in the morning after sleeping for at least 3 hours, and before you get out of bed. (ovagraph.com)
  • Since the change during ovulation is only about 1/2 degree F (1/3 degree C), you should use a sensitive thermometer such as a basal body thermometer. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A special thermometer called the Basal thermometer is often required especially if you want to do fertility charting. (menstruation-info-with-doc.com)
  • Juga boleh dapat di Watson atau Guardian, boleh tanya dia nak thermometer untuk BBT atau thermometer basal body temperature, nanti dia tunjukkan. (blogspot.com)
  • That's why it's so imperative to get a good basal body thermometer, and know how to use it correctly. (mom365.com)
  • How Reliable Is A Basal Body Thermometer? (mom365.com)
  • You need to use a special Basal Body Temperature Thermometer because they are more sensitive and can measure minuscule differences in temperature. (manyweekspregnant.com)
  • Where Can I Buy a Basal Body Temperature Thermometer? (manyweekspregnant.com)
  • A thermometer is used to measure the basal body temperature. (invitra.com)
  • Basal thermometer: it is the typical clinical, mercury-in-glass thermometer with a measuring range from 35°C up to 39°C. It should be under 35°C every night. (invitra.com)
  • Use a basal thermometer (available at chemists or online). (sussexacupuncture.co.uk)
  • To track it, you'll need a basal body thermometer, which measures small changes. (webmd.com)
  • The ovulation process in a woman's body correlates to minute changes in her basal body temperature. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The app generates a basal body temperature chart in order to estimate ovulation day, which is recommended for women wanting to get pregnant and have a baby. (appbrain.com)
  • For women of childbearing age, a higher-than-normal temperature usually indicates ovulation or pregnancy, which is why some women who are trying to achieve or avoid pregnancy keep track of their body temperature. (wisegeek.com)
  • Once ovulation takes place toward the middle of the cycle, progesterone increases, as does the temperature of the body. (wisegeek.com)
  • Charting Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is one of the more common and most accurate ways of predicting ovulation . (fertilityauthority.com)
  • Natural cyclic changes in female hormones usually cause a woman's basal body temperature to go down slightly just before an egg is released (ovulation) and then go up sharply 24 hours after ovulation. (conehealth.com)
  • Home - Fertility Health - Ovulation - Why is Your Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Important? (fertilityauthority.com)
  • Your Basal Body Temperature should be lower before ovulation (also called the follicular phase ) and slightly higher (by at least 0.4 degrees Fahrenheit) after ovulation (also called the luteal phase ). (fertilityauthority.com)
  • If you are taking your Basal Metabolic Temperature for detecting ovulation and fertility, you will want to take it every day and chart the findings as the temperature will dip one whole degree approximately 24 hours prior to ovulation. (naturalhealthtechniques.com)
  • One of the many changes that take place in a woman's body during her menstrual cycle is an increase in body temperature at the onset of ovulation. (kidsdirect.net)
  • With ovulation, the body temperature rises (to create a more fertile environment for the fertilized egg) and remains higher until the beginning of a woman's next cycle. (kidsdirect.net)
  • Recording each day's body temperature - and charting the patterns of temperature change - will help pinpoint when when ovulation has occurred. (kidsdirect.net)
  • With ovulation, a rise in body temperature takes place - caused by an increase of the hormone progesterone - in order to provide a warmer, more fertile environment in the womb. (kidsdirect.net)
  • While calculating, measuring, and charting your basal body temperature is useful for some women, it's by no means the gold standard of fertility or ovulation tracking. (romper.com)
  • In simple terms, your basal body temperature is the temperature at which your body rests, which tends to be a bit lower than your "normal" temperature, usually 97 point something degrees F versus 98.6 degrees F. By taking your BBT each morning throughout your cycle you will be able to detect the natural rise in your basal body temperature that occurs just after ovulation. (ovagraph.com)
  • through ovulation, her basal body temperature slightly increases. (menstruation-info-with-doc.com)
  • It sounds easy, but you must be regimented about it in order to get an accurate representation of your basal body temperature, and thus your ovulation schedule. (mom365.com)
  • Before ovulation, a woman's basal body temperature may range steadily from 36.5°C up to 36.7°C. (invitra.com)
  • To calculate the most fertile period of a woman, we will rely on the fact that two or three days after ovulation, her basal body temperature increases sharply between 0.3°C up to 0.5°C. This is caused by the progesterone hormone and it will remain high until the following menstrual period . (invitra.com)
  • The overall goal of charting your Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is to find out if and when you are ovulating. (fertilityauthority.com)
  • Tracking of the BBT by using this method requires charting your basal body temperature when you're body is completely at rest. (kidsdirect.net)
  • Learn how to start charting your Basal Body Temperature (BBT), improve your chances of getting pregnant and find out if and when you ovulated and if you had intercourse at the right time. (babymed.com)
  • If you're still considering charting your basal body temperature, it might behoove you to invest in a tracker app for your phone where you can input and document many physical changes like your basal body temperature, as well as cervical mucus and sexual activity, to give you a broad range of quantitative data to determine what is or isn't working. (romper.com)
  • Charting your basal body temperature at OvaGraph , on the other hand, is quick and easy. (ovagraph.com)
  • Understanding and charting your basal body temperature can play an important role in your overall fertility , as a raised basal body temperature can mean that you're ovulating. (mom365.com)
  • This is the key time for sperm to fertilize your egg, and so being able to pinpoint the days you're ovulating, through charting your basal body temperature, can become an invaluable tool. (mom365.com)
  • There are easy home methods for this purpose such as charting your basal body temperature (BBT), which will be explained below. (invitra.com)
  • Wink is designed to help women easily and seamlessly record their basal body temperature (BBT) readings, a key fertility indicator. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This means the couple is monitoring the woman's cycle with basal body temperature or other predictors such as evaluating the cervical mucus with the "clear plan" fertility monitor. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The books and workshops teach how to follow and chart three primary signs of fertility: cervical fluid, basal body temperature, and cervical changes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It's one of the reasons why charting basal body temperature (BBT) was so promising when it was first connected with fertility in the early 1900s. (todaysparent.com)
  • Women in their childbearing years may notice that their body temperature is high for about half of their menstrual cycle, because fertility requires a biphasic pattern that results in a mix of high and low temperatures each month. (wisegeek.com)
  • As a result, some women use their body temperature to give them cues about their fertility, because an elevated basal body temperature that is present for at least 18 days often indicates pregnancy. (wisegeek.com)
  • medical citation needed] Charting of basal body temperatures is used in some methods of fertility awareness, such as the sympto-thermal method, and may be used to determine the onset of post-ovulatory infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is limited evidence about the effectiveness of fertility awareness family planning methods, some of which use basal body temperature as one component. (wikipedia.org)
  • With TempCue, you can easily take your basal temperature upon waking, and your data will be saved, charted, and interpreted automatically according to the Fertility Awareness Method. (fairhavenhealth.com)
  • Charting basal body temperature not only provides valuable information to a fertility specialist, but can also help couples pinpoint the best times each month for conception to occur. (howstuffworks.com)
  • But by tracking basal temperature monthly, a woman can get a very clear picture of her monthly fertility cycle. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The second primary sign of fertility is daily checking of basal body temperature, first thing upon waking in the morning. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The BabyMed FertilChart™ Basal Body Temperature BBT chart and charting tool makes it easy to start a FREE fertility and temperature basal body temperature chart, calculate important fertility dates, find out if you ovulate or not, and see pregnancy temperature charts . (babymed.com)
  • Now, after several rounds of TTC myself, I know she was measuring her basal body temperature for fertility. (romper.com)
  • Many women find it helpful to track their cycle by charting their changes, and the most common thing to chart is your basal body temperature (or BBT - see our glossary for more fertility acronyms). (mosiebaby.com)
  • Natural contraception can be aided through the use of fertility awareness method (FAM) and tracking your Basal Body Temperature (BBT) with YONO. (yonolabs.com)
  • How can Tracking Basal Body Temperature Help Me With Fertility? (manyweekspregnant.com)
  • flgG flagellar basal body rod protein FlgG [Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. (nih.gov)
  • In many animal zygotes, the sperm flagellar basal body recruits maternal pericentriolar material to form the initial centrosome ( Schatten, 1994 ). (biologists.org)
  • The kinetoplast is closely associated with the flagellar basal body through a transmembrane tripartite attachment complex ( 33 ). (asm.org)
  • RPGR OFR15 isoform co‐localizes with RPGRIP1 at centrioles and basal bodies and interacts with nucleophosmin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interconversion of centrioles and basal bodies occurs in eukaryotes ranging from algae to mammals. (biologists.org)
  • A basal body (synonymous with basal granule, kinetosome, and in older cytological literature with blepharoplast) is a protein structure found at the base of a eukaryotic undulipodium (cilium or flagellum). (wikipedia.org)
  • In multiciliated cells, however, in many cases basal bodies are not made from centrioles but are generated de novo from a special protein structure called the deuterosome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basal Body Components Exhibit Differential Protein Dynamics during Nascent Basal Body Assembly. (wikipedia.org)
  • OFD1 is a centrosomal/basal body protein expressed during mesenchymal-epithelial transition in human neurogenesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mutations in the gene encoding the basal body protein RPGRIP1L, a nephrocystin‐4 interactor, cause Joubert syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your search returned 20 ALMS1, centrosome and basal body associated protein ELISA ELISA Kit across 4 suppliers. (biocompare.com)
  • These poorly defined functions include basal body assembly, basal body cortical attachment, protein recruitment for ciliary assembly, microtubule nucleation, and cellular polarity. (rupress.org)
  • A functional UNC-GFP fusion protein specifically localizes to both basal bodies in differentiating sensory neurons. (biologists.org)
  • Centrin, a 20 kDa calcium-binding protein, is a constituent of contractile basal body-associated fibers in protists and of various centrosomal structures. (biologists.org)
  • In a recent study, we identified KMP-11 as a microtubule-bound protein localizing to the flagellum as well as the basal body in both procyclic and bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei (Z. Li, J. H. Lee, F. Chu, A. L. Burlingame, A. Gunzl, and C. C. Wang, PLoS One 3:e2354, 2008). (asm.org)
  • Since the probasal bodies consist primarily of cartwheel we question the role of the Bld10 as a pivotal structural protein of the cartwheel. (uni-koeln.de)
  • Here, we reveal that tubulin protein destined for incorporation into axonemal microtubules interacts with a tubulin cofactor C (TBCC) domain-containing protein that is specifically located at the mature basal body transitional fibres. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Analysis of mutants depleted in particular flagellar and basal body proteins [-tubulin, -tubulin, Parkin co-regulated gene product (PACRG) or the paraflagellar rod protein PFR2] allowed a dissection of the mechanisms for central pair constraint. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Bld10/Cep135 is a basal body outer cartwheel domain protein that has established roles in the assembly of nascent basal bodies. (elsevier.com)
  • We find that Bld10 protein first incorporates stably at basal bodies early during new assembly. (elsevier.com)
  • Bld10 protein continues to accumulate at basal bodies after assembly, and we hypothesize that the full complement of Bld10 is required to stabilize basal bodies. (elsevier.com)
  • After regional catheterization, protein dynamics of the whole body and of the forearm muscles were measured by amino acid tracer dilution technique using [ 15 N]phenylalanine and [ 2 H 4 ]tyrosine. (elsevier.com)
  • After regional catheterization, protein dynamics of the whole body and of the forearm muscles were measured by amino acid tracer dilution technique using [ 15N]phenylalanine and [2H4]tyrosine. (elsevier.com)
  • The fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, is one of the most extensively studied organisms in biological research and has centrioles/basal bodies and cilia that can be modelled to investigate their functions in animals generally. (nih.gov)
  • When they function to template cilia, centrioles transition into basal bodies. (nih.gov)
  • The fruit fly has various types of basal bodies and cilia, which are needed for sensory neuron and sperm function. (nih.gov)
  • Cilia and basal bodies form during quiescence or the G1 phase of the cell cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • During cell cycle quiescence, basal bodies organize primary cilia and reside at the cell cortex in proximity to plasma membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • On cell cycle entry, cilia resorb and the basal body migrates to the nucleus where it functions to organize centrosomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The isolated pellicles were further fragmented and the basal bodies of the cilia isolated from them by three methods. (rupress.org)
  • Basal bodies organize the nine doublet microtubules found in cilia. (rupress.org)
  • Centrioles have dual roles in mammalian cells: as the core of the centrosome, they participate in forming the mitotic spindle, and, in quiescent cells, they migrate to the cell cortex to function as basal bodies for primary cilia formation. (rupress.org)
  • Each domain fulfills a role for basal bodies and their attached cilia. (rupress.org)
  • Such functions of ciliated cells depend on the planar polarity of the cilia and on their basal bodies being oriented in the downstream direction of fluid flow. (biologists.org)
  • In dividing cells, such basal bodies revert to a centriolar role prior to mitosis when the cilia are resorbed and centrosomes assemble. (biologists.org)
  • By immunoprobing human metanephroi and kidney epithelial lines, it was found that, during acquisition of epithelial polarity, OFD1 became localized to the apical zone of nephron precursor cells and then to basal bodies at the origin of primary cilia in fully differentiated epithelia. (asnjournals.org)
  • Basal bodies nucleate, anchor, and organize cilia. (elsevier.com)
  • As the anchor for motile cilia, basal bodies must be resistant to the forces directed toward the cell as a consequence of ciliary beating. (elsevier.com)
  • We identify a novel mechanism for Bld10/Cep135 in basal body maintenance so that basal bodies can withstand the forces produced by motile cilia. (elsevier.com)
  • Another possible cause for an elevated basal body temperature is hyperthyroidism, because the thyroid gland's tendency to release excess hormones results in a higher metabolic rate. (wisegeek.com)
  • The chemical and metabolic rate regulates and controls many body functions. (drkaslow.com)
  • Because thyroid hormone is an important determinant of body weight and basal metabolic rate, we investigated the changes in the basal metabolic rate and body composition sequentially after treatment for Graves' disease. (hindawi.com)
  • The thyroid hormone is an important determinant of the body composition by regulating the basal metabolic rate and thermogenesis [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Increased basal metabolic rate or resting energy expenditure has been observed in patients with hyperthyroidism [ 2 , 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • B) The effect of body mass (mb) and ambient temperature (Tmean) on basal metabolic rate (BMR, represented in color code) for 458 species of mammal species. (amnat.org)
  • To answer this question, two researchers from Uruguay (Daniel Naya and Hugo Naya) and one from Australia (Craig White) analyzed if the effect of ambient temperature on basal metabolic rate (BMR) change with the size of the species included in the analysis. (amnat.org)
  • O ne of the most generalized conclusions arising from studies analyzing the ecological variation of energy metabolism in endotherms is the apparent negative correlation between ambient temperature and mass-independent basal metabolic rate (residual BMR). (amnat.org)
  • Your BMR, or basal metabolic rate (metabolism), is the energy (measured in calories) expended by the body at rest to maintain normal bodily functions. (preventdisease.com)
  • For taking care of your Diet, first you must know basic metabolism and your Basal Metabolic Rate ( BMR ). (cominica.net)
  • People who have more muscle in their body have higher basal metabolic rate. (cominica.net)
  • A ciliary basal body that is part of a kinocilium. (zfin.org)
  • Subcellular localization of ALMS1 supports involvement of centrosome and basal body dysfunction in the pathogenesis of obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • We identify the region in IFT46 that is responsible for its basal body and ciliary localization. (biologists.org)
  • We define a basal body proteome and determine the specific localization of basal body components in the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena thermophila . (rupress.org)
  • Thus, we present a high resolution localization map of basal body structure highlighting important new components for future functional studies. (rupress.org)
  • We reveal 24 new basal body proteins and describe the specific domains of localization for 19. (rupress.org)
  • Pellicle preparations allowed for the isolation of basal body components that are dependent on γ-tubulin for basal body localization, giving us insight into proteins involved in the maturation and maintenance of basal bodies. (rupress.org)
  • Recently, another type of basal body planar polarity, characterized by the anterior localization of the basal bodies in individual cells, was reported in the multiciliated ependymal cells that line the surface of brain ventricles. (biologists.org)
  • Its localization is an early marker for the centriole-basal body transition, a central but enigmatic event in eukaryotic cell differentiation. (biologists.org)
  • Second, the immunolocalization data reveal Bld10p localization to parental basal bodies rather than to probasal bodies. (uni-koeln.de)
  • The basal body serves as a nucleation site for the growth of the axoneme microtubules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Centrioles, from which basal bodies are derived, act as anchoring sites for proteins that in turn anchor microtubules, and are known as the microtubule organizing center (MTOC). (wikipedia.org)
  • First, basal bodies have basal feet, which are anchored to cytoplasmic microtubules and are necessary for polarized alignment of the cilium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like centrioles, basal bodies consist of a core structure (with peripheral components) of nine triplet microtubules organized into a cylinder. (rupress.org)
  • We propose that basal body segregation in Chlamydomonas depends on an extranuclear array of microtubules independent of the mitotic spindle. (biologists.org)
  • Basal body and flagellum mutants reveal a rotational constraint of the central pair microtubules in the axonemes of trypanosomes. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Bld10 stabilizes basal bodies by promoting the stability of the A- and C-tubules of the basal body triplet microtubules and by properly positioning the triplet microtubule blades. (elsevier.com)
  • Specially designed basal body temperature thermometers are available from pharmacies for around $20. (huggies.com.au)
  • Basal thermometers give more accurate and precise temperature readings than standard digital thermometers. (huggies.com.au)
  • Most basal thermometers come with a temperature-plotting chart. (naturalhealthtechniques.com)
  • Basal body thermometers are readily available from your local pharmacy or online. (mom365.com)
  • What tools do you need to take your basal body temperature? (uwhealth.org)
  • The hook-basal body complex comprising the basal end of purified intact flagella from Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis was studied in detail with an electron microscope. (asm.org)
  • The cilium basal body is the site of assembly and remodelling of the cilium and serves as a nucleation site for axoneme growth. (xenbase.org)
  • In many eukaryotic cells, the transition from cell proliferation to differentiation is marked by the formation of a cilium - a cellular appendage with a radially symmetric axoneme cytoskeleton, templated on a similarly symmetric basal body. (biologists.org)
  • The development of a ciliary axoneme requires the correct docking of the basal body at cytoplasmic vesicles or plasma membrane. (leica-microsystems.com)
  • Specifically, MKS/MKSR/NPHP proteins establish basal body/TZ membrane attachments before or coinciding with intraflagellar transport-dependent axoneme extension and subsequently restrict accumulation of nonciliary components within the ciliary compartment. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Although male gametes (microgametes) assemble a typical 9+2 axoneme, the structure of the templating basal body is poorly defined. (blogspot.com)
  • The molecules and generalized mechanisms that contribute to the maintenance of basal bodies remain to be discovered. (elsevier.com)
  • Mutations in proteins that localize to basal bodies are associated with several human ciliary diseases, including Bardet-Biedl syndrome, orofaciodigital syndrome, Joubert syndrome, cone-rod dystrophy, Meckel syndrome, and nephronophthisis. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the migration of mature basal bodies towards the apical surface was impaired. (nih.gov)
  • Electron microscopy of Chlamydomonas cells in G1, as judged by FACS analysis, shows that they have two probasal bodies adjacent to the two mature basal bodies. (clicktocurecancer.info)
  • The probasal bodies contain the amorphous material that is present in the mature basal bodies, which suggests that this material is important for early events in basal body assembly. (clicktocurecancer.info)
  • tween the two mature basal bodies. (clicktocurecancer.info)
  • The three-dimensional structure of the basal body from the rhesus monkey oviduct. (biomedsearch.com)
  • [5] The body temperature of a healthy person varies during the day by about 0.5 °C (0.9 °F) with lower temperatures in the morning and higher temperatures in the late afternoon and evening, as the body's needs and activities change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body temperature is a measure of your body's level of heat. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Basal body temperature (BBT) is described as the body's temperature when we wake up. (invitra.com)
  • Finally, we show that OFD1 becomes located in the basal body, a modified centrosome at the base of the primary cilium, by the end of the mesenchymal-epithelial transition that occurs during human nephrogenesis. (asnjournals.org)
  • Silencing of KMP-11 by RNA interference inhibited basal body segregation and cytokinesis in both forms and resulted in multiple nuclei of various sizes, indicating a continuous, albeit somewhat defective, nuclear division while cell division was blocked. (asm.org)
  • Centrin deficiency in Chlamydomonas causes defects in basal body replication, segregation and maturation. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii basal body formation occurs in a similar manner to centriole formation. (uni-koeln.de)
  • In contrast, Chlamydomonas cells exiting mitosis have already assembled probasal bodies [27]. (clicktocurecancer.info)
  • Plants lack centrioles and only lower plants (such as mosses and ferns) with motile sperm have flagella and basal bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the diversification of Ginkgo and cycads, all vestiges of basal bodies and flagella were lost in the remaining seed plants that utilize pollen tubes to deliver non-motile sperm to egg cells (Southworth and Cresti, 1997). (bio-protocol.org)
  • Using these two isolation techniques, we identified proteins necessary for intermediate structures in the basal body assembly pathway. (rupress.org)
  • Despite progress made, isolation of the probasal bodies was not achieved. (uni-koeln.de)
  • Based on our results, two types of basal body structures are proposed, as exemplified by E. coli and B. subtilis , which directly reflect the structure of the gram-negative and gram-positive cell envelopes. (asm.org)
  • The transverse axis of each triplet set at its basal end intersects a tangent to the lumenal circumference of the basal body at a 40 degrees angle (triplet angle). (biomedsearch.com)
  • therefore, the triplet angle is 10 degrees at the basal body-cilium junction. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Strands of fibrous material extend from the basal end of each triplet to form a striated rootlet. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Apicomplexan genomes harbor genes encoding δ- and ε-tubulin homologs, potentially enabling these parasites to assemble a typical triplet basal body structure. (blogspot.com)
  • While in stage 2, basal cell carcinomas are still mostly in the epidermis, but they may spread deeper into the lower layers of skin, may be thicker than 2 millimeters, and may begin to take over tiny nerves in the skin. (sharecare.com)
  • Stage 2 basal cell carcinomas start out slowly as little red or white shiny bumps that gradually grow to be larger than 2 centimeters (cm) in diameter or to be thicker than 2 millimeters (mm). (sharecare.com)
  • While in stage 0, basal cell carcinomas are still confined to the epidermis, but if left untreated, they may slowly start to spread deeper into the skin. (sharecare.com)
  • Primary spermatocytes go through a long G2 phase when centrioles/basal bodies elongate and migrate to the cell membrane where each centriole grows a cilium. (nih.gov)
  • Basal body defects lead to a range of diseases, including Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Polycystic Kidney Disease. (rupress.org)
  • Furthermore, basal bodies often failed to dock to the plasma membrane and to assemble flagella, and displayed defects in the flagellar root system indicating that centrin deficiency interferes with basal body development. (biologists.org)
  • These include pulmonary hypoplasia, ventricular septal defects, shortening of the body longitudinal axis, limb abnormalities, and cochlear hair cell stereociliary bundle orientation and basal body/kinocilium positioning defects. (biologists.org)
  • The basal body temperature chart will enable us to see the day in which this sharp increase occurs. (invitra.com)
  • One of the most common complaints about charting is the many variables that can develop when we begin to chart basal body temperature. (yonolabs.com)
  • The normal basal temperature will be 97.8 to 98.2 degrees F. (naturalhealthtechniques.com)
  • For people with low normal average body temperature, boosting your metabolism may be as simple as increasing your normal basal body temperature. (cominica.net)
  • The normal Basal Body Temperature or BBT is the lowest body temperature in a 24-hour period. (menstruation-info-with-doc.com)
  • 2. Basal Metabolism , refers to the basic energy of the active body. (cominica.net)
  • However excessive calorie deficiency will reduce basal metabolism and it will lead to hoarding fat in our body. (cominica.net)
  • You know that metabolism is related to BBT , raising the temperature of body helps to boost metabolism burning off more calories before whether or not we go to the gym. (cominica.net)
  • I become to realise that my body is easily get fat because I have a slow metabolism and this isn't good. (cominica.net)
  • Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is the temperature of the body on waking - when the body is rested, and metabolism and temperature are at a baseline. (richardagnew.co.uk)
  • BB, pBB and dBB represent basal body, proximal basal body and distal basal body, respectively. (nih.gov)
  • We propose a model where pressure applied by movements of the growing new flagellum on the flagella connector leads to a reacting force that in turn contributes to migration of the basal body at the proximal end of the flagellum. (pasteur.fr)
  • Basal bodies (bbs) are cylindrical microtubular organelles that form the base of eukaryotic flagella and are structurally similar to centrioles ( Tassin and Bornens, 1999 ). (biologists.org)
  • An essential quality control mechanism at the eukaryotic basal body prior to intraflagellar transport. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Genetics, cell biology and behaviour studies in the fruit fly have unveiled new basal body components and revealed different modes of assembly and functions of basal bodies that are conserved in many other organisms, including human, green algae and plasmodium. (nih.gov)
  • Basal body proteins extracted from the oral apparatus are reported to reassemble intermediate basal body assembly structures in vitro ( Gavin, 1984 ). (rupress.org)
  • They displayed a variable flagellar number phenotype with mostly nonflagellate cells, suggesting that centrin is required for basal body assembly. (biologists.org)
  • The cartwheel with its ninefold symmetry and characteristic hub and spoke structure can be observed at the onset of basal body assembly. (uni-koeln.de)
  • We show that separate inhibition of flagellum assembly, base-to-tip motility or flagella connection leads to reduced basal body migration, demonstrating that the flagellum contributes to its own positioning. (pasteur.fr)
  • Thus Bld10/Cep135 acts to maintain the structural integrity of basal bodies against the forces of ciliary beating in addition to its separable role in basal body assembly. (elsevier.com)
  • In this study, we show that the NBD has an essential function and that point mutations in two conserved residues lead to over-production and mislocalization of basal body (BB) assembly. (rupress.org)
  • Studies of basal body duplication in Paramecium by Dippell [29] elegantly showed intermediates in basal body assembly. (clicktocurecancer.info)
  • Basal bodies in Plasmodium microgametes are thought to be synthesized de novo, and their assembly remains ill-defined. (blogspot.com)
  • In the developing sperm cells, the centrioles reposition, anchor to form the distinctive basal bodies, and elongate to produce the 2-40,000 flagella in each gamete. (bio-protocol.org)
  • The egg is only viable for 24 hours and sperm can survive in your body for five days. (manyweekspregnant.com)
  • Following PLK depletion, the single kinetoplast was predominantly located between the two divided nuclei, while in cells overexpressing PLKty, the kinetoplast was mainly found at the posterior end of the cell, suggesting a role for PLK kinase activity in basal body and kinetoplast migration. (nih.gov)
  • The planar cell polarity signaling pathway influences basal body orientation, but not their anterior migration, in the neonatal brain. (biologists.org)
  • We show here that translational polarity is established by the anterior migration of basal bodies in the apical membrane during the differentiation of ependymal cells. (biologists.org)
  • The basal body/kinocilium complex was often uncoupled from the hair bundle, suggesting aberrant basal body migration, although planar cell polarity and apical planar asymmetry in the organ of Corti were normal. (biologists.org)
  • Three of these rings, the L, P, and MS rings, are embedded in the outer membrane, peptidoglycan layer and in the inner membrane, respectively ( 1 ), while the C-ring of Salmonella species is attached to the cytoplasmic side of the basal body ( 3 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Meanwhile, treatment of hyperthyroidism consequently increases body weight and changes the body composition [ 4 , 6 , 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • What increases my risk for stage 0 basal cell carcinoma? (sharecare.com)
  • Every time your progesterone numbers increase, your basal body temperature increases. (mom365.com)
  • In addition to varying throughout the day, normal body temperature may also differ as much as 0.5 °C (0.9 °F) from one day to the next, so that the highest or lowest temperatures on one day will not always exactly match the highest or lowest temperatures on the next day. (wikipedia.org)
  • The normal human body temperature is often stated as 36.5-37.5 °C (97.7-99.5 °F). [8] In adults a review of the literature has found a wider range of 33.2-38.2 °C (91.8-100.8 °F) for normal temperatures, depending on the gender and location measured. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each flagellum is generated from a basal body that originates de novo as a centriole in spermatogenous cell lineages. (bio-protocol.org)
  • This demonstrated that orientation is independent of flagellum attachment and beating, but is influenced by constraints along its length and is entirely dependent on correct positioning at the basal plate. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • The protist Trypanosoma brucei possesses a single flagellum that adheres to the cell body where a specific cytoskeletal structure is localised, the flagellum attachment zone (FAZ). (pasteur.fr)
  • During this process, the basal body of the new flagellum migrates towards the posterior end of the cell. (pasteur.fr)
  • Second, basal bodies have pinwheel-shaped transition fibers that originate from the appendages of mother centriole. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to wild-type cells, basal bodies in centrin-RNAi cells were separated from the spindle poles, suggesting a role of centrin in tethering basal bodies to the spindle. (biologists.org)
  • To test whether an association with the spindle poles is required for correct basal body segregation, we disrupted centrin fibers in wild-type cells by over-expressing a nonfunctional centrin-GFP. (biologists.org)
  • Centrin is located in the lumen of mammalian centrioles, in the half-bridge of the yeast spindle pole body (spb), and in various contractile fibers associated with the bbs of protists. (biologists.org)
  • This is likely to be the centrin connection between the basal bodies and the nucleus. (clicktocurecancer.info)
  • During the first the first part of a woman's cycle, the body temperature is lower. (kidsdirect.net)
  • During the first two weeks of a woman's cycle, her body temperature is lower (97.0 to 97.5 F), due to the presence of estrogen. (kidsdirect.net)
  • Basal body temperature (BBT or BTP) is the lowest body temperature attained during rest (usually during sleep). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is your lowest body temperature attained during rest, to get an accurate reading you must take your temperature when you first wake up in the morning, everyday. (cominica.net)
  • If the woman becomes pregnant, the body temperature stays high for a few months because progesterone will steadily rise. (wisegeek.com)
  • So the longer your elevated basal body temperature lasts after eighteen days, the higher the chances that you are pregnant. (wisegeek.com)
  • I have a friend who had an elevated basal body temperature for seventeen days and she was not pregnant! (wisegeek.com)
  • Just curious, has anyone found out they were pregnant with a high basal body temperature that lasted less than eighteen days? (wisegeek.com)
  • Keeping track of basal body temperature may be helpful for women trying to get pregnant or trying to avoid pregnancy. (conehealth.com)
  • The app informs you of your chances of becoming pregnant by taking your basal body temperature both on a chart and calendar. (apppicker.com)
  • A basal body temperature tracker can help a person trying to get pregnant achieve this goal. (freeprintablemedicalforms.com)
  • In cells that are destined to have only one primary cilium, the mother centriole differentiates into the basal body upon entry into G1 or quiescence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each spermatocyte then undergoes two consecutive meiotic divisions without either DNA replication or basal body duplication. (nih.gov)
  • Hypotheses of basal body self-duplication, moreover, can be constructed both with and without nucleic acids. (rupress.org)
  • Analysis of basal bodies and flagella in these cells suggested the defect in kinetoplast division arose because of an inhibition of basal body duplication, which occurred when PLK expression levels were altered. (nih.gov)
  • A mutation affecting basal body duplication and cell shape in Paramecium. (rupress.org)
  • The temperature-sensitive period, during the last 30 min of the cell cycle, corresponds to the phase of basal body duplication. (rupress.org)
  • Altogether, the cytological and physiological data support the conclusion that the sm19+ gene codes for a diffusible product required for the initiation of basal body duplication and would thus be the first identified gene involved in this process. (rupress.org)
  • MKS1, encoding a component of the flagellar apparatus basal body proteome, is mutated in Meckel syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the first study to combine a basal body proteome with an ultrastructural analysis of newly identified basal body components. (rupress.org)
  • Basal body dysfunction is a likely cause of pleiotropic Bardet‐Biedl syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • An understanding of the basal body function and dysfunction in disease requires a comprehensive inventory of the proteins that comprise the basal body as well as the structural contribution of each. (rupress.org)
  • Several studies have shown that hyperthyroidism-related weight loss reflects not only the depletion of body fat but also the loss of muscle mass in association with an accelerated whole body catabolism following increased thermogenesis and oxygen consumption [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the change in body composition and metabolic rates consecutively during the treatment of hyperthyroidism. (hindawi.com)
  • Another planar polarity indicated by the direction of the basal foot was termed 'rotational' by the same group. (biologists.org)