A species of gram-negative bacteria in which man is the primary host and the human body louse, Pediculus humanus, the principal vector. It is the etiological agent of TRENCH FEVER.
An intermittent fever characterized by intervals of chills, fever, and splenomegaly each of which may last as long as 40 hours. It is caused by BARTONELLA QUINTANA and transmitted by the human louse.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria characteristically appearing in chains of several segmenting organisms. It occurs in man and arthropod vectors and is found only in the Andes region of South America. This genus is the etiologic agent of human bartonellosis. The genus Rochalimaea, once considered a separate genus, has recently been combined with the genus Bartonella as a result of high levels of relatedness in 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data.
Infections by the genus BARTONELLA. Bartonella bacilliformis can cause acute febrile anemia, designated Oroya fever, and a benign skin eruption, called verruga peruana. BARTONELLA QUINTANA causes TRENCH FEVER, while BARTONELLA HENSELAE is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY) and is also one of the causes of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
A species of gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY). This organism can also be a cause of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
Lice of the genus Pediculus, family Pediculidae. Pediculus humanus corporus is the human body louse and Pediculus humanus capitis is the human head louse.
A reactive vascular proliferation that is characterized by the multiple tumor-like lesions in skin, bone, brain, and other organs. Bacillary angiomatosis is caused by infection with gram-negative Bartonella bacilli (such as BARTONELLA HENSELAE), and is often seen in AIDS patients and other IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOSTS.
An order of small, wingless parasitic insects, commonly known as lice. The suborders include ANOPLURA (sucking lice); AMBLYCERA; ISCHNOCERA; and Rhynchophthirina (elephant and warthog lice).
A self-limiting bacterial infection of the regional lymph nodes caused by AFIPIA felis, a gram-negative bacterium recently identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and by BARTONELLA HENSELAE. It usually arises one or more weeks following a feline scratch, with raised inflammatory nodules at the site of the scratch being the primary symptom.
Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.
The classic form of typhus, caused by RICKETTSIA PROWAZEKII, which is transmitted from man to man by the louse Pediculus humanus corporis. This disease is characterized by the sudden onset of intense headache, malaise, and generalized myalgia followed by the formation of a macular skin eruption and vascular and neurologic disturbances.
Arthropods, other than insects and arachnids, which transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
A family of small gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are parasites of erythrocytes in man and other vertebrates and the etiologic agents of several diseases.
The type species of the genus BARTONELLA, a gram-negative bacteria found in humans. It is found in the mountain valleys of Peru, Ecuador, and Southwest Columbia where the sandfly (see PHLEBOTOMUS) vector is present. It causes OROYA FEVER and VERRUGA PERUANA.
Parasitic attack or subsistence on the skin by members of the order Phthiraptera, especially on humans by Pediculus humanus of the family Pediculidae. The hair of the head, eyelashes, and pubis is a frequent site of infestation. (From Dorland, 28th ed; Stedman, 26th ed)
A species of gram-negative bacteria transmitted by the flea Ctenocephalides felis, and known to infect CATS, oppossums, and humans.
Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.
A family of small, gram-negative organisms, often parasitic in humans and other animals, causing diseases that may be transmitted by invertebrate vectors.
The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Flaps of tissue that prevent regurgitation of BLOOD from the HEART VENTRICLES to the HEART ATRIA or from the PULMONARY ARTERIES or AORTA to the ventricles.
A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.
Chloro(7,12-diethenyl-3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-21H,23H-porphine-2,18-dipropanoato(4-)-N(21),N(22),N(23),N(24)) ferrate(2-) dihydrogen.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A condition with multiple tumor-like lesions caused either by congenital or developmental malformations of BLOOD VESSELS, or reactive vascular proliferations, such as in bacillary angiomatosis. Angiomatosis is considered non-neoplastic.
Global conflict primarily fought on European continent, that occurred between 1914 and 1918.
A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.

Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from human samples: a 5-year experience (1993 to 1998). (1/97)

Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae are fastidious gram-negative bacteria responsible for bacillary angiomatosis, trench fever, cat scratch disease, and endocarditis. During a 5-year period, we received 2,043 samples for culture of Bartonella sp. We found Bartonella sp. to be the etiologic agent in 38 cases of endocarditis, 78 cases of cat scratch disease, 16 cases of bacteremia in homeless people, and 7 cases of bacillary angiomatosis. We correlated the results of positive cultures with the clinical form of the disease, type of sample, culture procedure, PCR-based genomic detection, and antibody determination. Seventy-two isolates of B. quintana and nine isolates of B. henselae from 43 patients were obtained. Sixty-three of the B. quintana isolates and two of the B. henselae isolates, obtained from patients with no prior antibiotic therapy, were stably subcultured. The sensitivity of culture was low when compared with that of PCR-based detection methods in valves of patients with endocarditis (44 and 81%, respectively), skin biopsy samples of patients with bacillary angiomatosis (43 and 100%, respectively), and lymph nodes of cat scratch disease (13 and 30%, respectively). Serological diagnosis was also more sensitive in cases of endocarditis (97%) and cat scratch disease (90%). Among endocarditis patients, the sensitivity of the shell vial culture assay was 28% when inoculated with blood samples and 44% when inoculated with valvular biopsy samples, and the sensitivity of both was significantly higher than that of culture on agar (5% for blood [P = 0.045] and 4% for valve biopsy samples [P < 0.0005]). The most efficient culture procedure was the subculture of blood culture broth into shell vials (sensitivity, 71%). For patients with endocarditis, previous antibiotic therapy significantly affected results of blood culture; no patient who had been administered antibiotics yielded a positive blood culture, whereas 80% of patients with no previous antibiotic therapy yielded positive blood cultures (P = 0.0006). Previous antibiotic therapy did not, however, prevent isolation of Bartonella sp. from cardiac valves but did prevent the establishment of strains, as none of the 15 isolates from treated patients could be successfully subcultured. For the diagnosis of B. quintana bacteremia in homeless people, the efficiency of systematic subculture of blood culture broth onto agar was higher than that of direct blood plating (respective sensitivities, 98 and 10% [P < 10(-7)]). Nevertheless, both procedures are complementary, since when used together their sensitivity reached 100%. All homeless people with positive blood cultures had negative serology. The isolation rate of B. henselae from PCR-positive lymph nodes, in patients with cat scratch disease, was significantly lower than that from valves of endocarditis patients and skin biopsy samples from bacillary angiomatosis patients (13 and 33%, respectively [P = 0.084]). In cases of bacillary angiomatosis for which an agent was identified to species level, the isolation rate of B. henselae was lower than the isolation rate of B. quintana (28 and 64%, respectively [P = 0.003]). If culture is to be considered an efficient tool for the diagnosis of several Bartonella-related diseases, methodologies need to be improved, notably for the recovery of B. henselae from lymph nodes of patients with cat scratch disease.  (+info)

Seroprevalence of Bartonella henselae in cats in Germany. (2/97)

Bartonella henselae and B. quintana infections in man are associated with various clinical manifestations including cat-scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis and bacteraemia. While cats are the natural reservoir for B. henselae, the source of B. quintana is unclear. In this study, the sera of 713 cats from Germany were examined for the presence of antibodies against B. henselae, B. quintana or Afipia felis by an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). Bartonella-specific antibody titres of > or =50 were found in 15.0% of the cats. There was substantial cross-reactivity among the various Bartonella antigens, although single sera showed high titres against B. henselae but not against B. quintana and vice versa. Antibodies against A. felis were not detected in any of these cats. Statistical analysis indicated that there is no correlation between Bartonella infections and the sex, age or breed of the cat or its hunting behavior. There was also no correlation between bartonella and toxoplasma infections in cats. However, whereas 16.8% of cats from northern Germany had B. quintana-specific antibodies, only 8.0% of cats from southern Germany were seropositive for B. quintana. No statistically significant difference was found for B. henselae. IFA-positive and IFA-negative sera were used for immunoblot analysis including B. henselae and B. quintana. Marked reactivity was observed with protein bands at 80, 76, 73, 65, 37, 33 and 15 kDa. The results of this study suggest that B. henselae, and possibly a B. quintana-related pathogen, but not A. felis, are common in cats in Germany, and that there are differences in the geographic distribution of bartonella infections in cats.  (+info)

Semiquantitative species-specific detection of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana by PCR-enzyme immunoassay. (3/97)

Bartonella henselae is the main causative agent of cat-scratch disease, and both B. henselae and Bartonella quintana cause angioproliferative disorders such as bacillary angiomatosis. To increase the sensitivity of Bartonella detection by PCR and to improve the species differentiation, we developed a semiquantitative, species-specific PCR-based enzyme immunoassay (EIA). The 16S rRNA gene was selected as the target sequence. Internal nucleotide sequences derived from the amplified 16S rRNA region were used to develop species-specific oligonucleotide probes for B. henselae and B. quintana. Biotin-labeled PCR products were immobilized on streptavidin-coated microtiter plates, hybridized to a digoxigenin-labeled probe, and detected with antidigoxigenin peroxidase conjugate. No cross-hybridization with other Bartonella or non-Bartonella species was observed. This EIA was as sensitive as dot blot hybridization and was 10 times more sensitive than visualization of PCR products on agarose gels. Serial dilutions of B. henselae and B. quintana suspensions demonstrated that an optical density (OD) of approximately 0.200 was equivalent to 5 CFU in the reaction mixture. By comparing the OD of the bacterial dilutions with that obtained from clinical specimens we could determine that the number of CFU in clinical samples ranged from 10(3) to 10(6) CFU/ml. The PCR-EIA developed in the present study is a rapid, sensitive, and simple method for the diagnosis of B. henselae and B. quintana infections.  (+info)

Species-specific monoclonal antibodies for rapid identification of Bartonella quintana. (4/97)

Seven species-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to Bartonella quintana were produced and characterized. The MAbs were of the immunoglobulin G class and reacted only with 13 B. quintana strains in indirect microimmunofluorescence and Western immunoblotting assays. They did not react with eight other Bartonella spp., including Bartonella henselae, the most closely related species, and a selected MAb did also not react with nine other strains of gram-negative bacteria. The MAbs reacted mainly with a 34-kDa protein epitope of B. quintana which was shown to be species specific by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Four of five body lice experimentally infected with B. quintana were found to be positive for the organism in microimmunofluorescence assays with one MAb. These MAbs may provide a specific, simple, rapid, and low-cost tool for the identification of B. quintana and the diagnosis of infections due to the microorganism.  (+info)

In vitro activities of telithromycin (HMR 3647) against Rickettsia rickettsii, Rickettsia conorii, Rickettsia africae, Rickettsia typhi, Rickettsia prowazekii, Coxiella burnetii, Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana, Bartonella bacilliformis, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis. (5/97)

In vitro activities of telithromycin compared to those of erythromycin against Rickettsia spp., Bartonella spp., Coxiella burnetii, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis were determined. Telithromycin was more active than erythromycin against Rickettsia, Bartonella, and Coxiella burnetii, with MICs of 0.5 microg/ml, 0.003 to 0.015 microg/ml, and 1 microg/ml, respectively, but was inactive against Ehrlichia chaffeensis.  (+info)

Bartonella quintana and urban trench fever. (6/97)

Contemporary Bartonella quintana infections have emerged in diverse regions of the world, predominantly involving socially disadvantaged persons. Available data suggest that the human body louse Pediculus humanus is the vector for transmission of B. quintana. Descriptions of the clinical manifestations associated with contemporary B. quintana infections have varied considerably and include asymptomatic infection, a relapsing febrile illness, headache, leg pain, "culture-negative" endocarditis, and, in human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons, bacillary angiomatosis. Laboratory diagnosis is most convincing when B. quintana is isolated in blood culture, but growth often takes 20-40 days; problems exist with both sensitivity and specificity of serological assays. On the basis of available information, use of doxycycline, erythromycin, or azithromycin to treat B. quintana infections is recommended. Treatment of uncomplicated B. quintana bacteremia for 4-6 weeks and treatment of B. quintana endocarditis (in a person who does not undergo valve surgery) for 4-6 months are recommended, with the addition of a bactericidal agent (such as a third-generation cephalosporin or an aminoglycoside) during the initial 2-3 weeks of therapy for endocarditis.  (+info)

Hemin-binding surface protein from Bartonella quintana. (7/97)

Bartonella quintana, the agent of trench fever and a cause of endocarditis and bacillary angiomatosis in humans, has the highest reported in vitro hemin requirement for any bacterium. We determined that eight membrane-associated proteins from B. quintana bind hemin and that a approximately 25-kDa protein (HbpA) was the dominant hemin-binding protein. Like many outer membrane proteins, HbpA partitions to the detergent phase of a Triton X-114 extract of the cell and is heat modifiable, displaying an apparent molecular mass shift from approximately 25 to 30 kDa when solubilized at 100 degrees C. Immunoblots of purified outer and inner membranes and immunoelectron microscopy with whole cells show that HbpA is strictly located in the outer membrane and surface exposed, respectively. The N-terminal sequence of mature HbpA was determined and used to clone the HbpA-encoding gene (hbpA) from a lambda genomic library. The hbpA gene is 816 bp in length, encoding a predicted immature protein of approximately 29.3 kDa and a mature protein of 27.1 kDa. A Fur box homolog with 53% identity to the Escherichia coli Fur consensus is located upstream of hbpA and may be involved in regulating expression. BLAST searches indicate that the closest homologs to HbpA include the Bartonella henselae phage-associated membrane protein, Pap31 (58.4% identity), and the OMP31 porin from Brucella melitensis (31.7% identity). High-stringency Southern blots indicate that all five pathogenic Bartonella spp. possess hbpA homologs. Recombinant HbpA can bind hemin in vitro; however, it does not confer a hemin-binding phenotype upon E. coli. Intact B. quintana treated with purified anti-HbpA Fab fragments show a significant (P < 0.004) dose-dependent decrease in hemin binding relative to controls, suggesting that HbpA plays an active role in hemin acquisition and therefore pathogenesis. HbpA is the first potential virulence determinant characterized from B. quintana.  (+info)

Use of rpoB gene analysis for detection and identification of Bartonella species. (8/97)

Identification of Bartonella species is of increasing importance as the number of infections in which these bacteria are involved increases. To date, these gram-negative bacilli have been identified by various serological, biochemical, and genotypic methods. However, the development of alternative tools is required, principally to circumvent a major risk of contamination during sample manipulation. The aim of our study was to investigate the possible identification of various Bartonella species by comparison of RNA polymerase beta-subunit gene (rpoB) sequences. This approach has previously been shown to be useful for the identification of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae (C. M. Mollet, M. Drancourt, and D. Raoult, Mol. Microbiol. 26:1005-1011, 1997). Following PCR amplification with specific oligonucleotides, a 825-bp region of the rpoB gene was sequenced from 13 distinct Bartonella strains. Analysis of these sequences allowed selection of three restriction enzymes (ApoI, AluI, and AflIII) useful for discerning the different strains by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. To confirm the potential value of such an approach for identification of Bartonella, the rpoB PCR was then applied to 94 clinical samples, and the results obtained were identical to those obtained by our reference PCR method. Twenty-four isolates were also adequately identified by PCR-RFLP analysis. In all cases, our results were in accordance with those of the reference method. Moreover, conserved regions of DNA were chosen as suitable primer targets for PCR amplification of a 439-bp fragment which can be easily sequenced.  (+info)

Bacteria of the genus Bartonella are considered emerging pathogens, as many new species and subspecies have been recognized in humans and other mammals in recent years. The 1984 edition of Bergeys Manual of Systematic Bacteriology lists only one species of Bartonella (B. bacilliformis) (13) and two species of Rochalimaea (R. quintana and R. vinsonii) (18), which were later included in the Bartonella genus. The genus now comprises 20 species or subspecies. Nine of these species have been implicated as causative agents of human disease, including B. quintana, which was originally recognized as the agent of trench fever during World War I. The spectrum of diseases associated with this organism now includes bacillary angiomatosis (12), native- and prosthetic-valve endocarditis (5, 7), chronic asymptomatic bacteremia, and relapses of illness in people with risk factors such as homelessness and alcoholism (3).. Bartonella quintana is a fastidious organism that is distributed worldwide and is ...
Trench fever, the first clinical manifestation attributed to Bartonella quintana, affected an estimated ,1 million people during World War I (1,2). The name trench fever was mentioned for the first time in 1915 (3,4). In 1916, McNee et al. described 2 types of the disease (5). The first was characterized by a sudden onset of headache, dizziness, pain in the shins, and elevated temperature (39°C-40°C). Between days 3 and 7, temperature would suddenly drop to normal or subnormal. Thereafter, temperature rose sharply before falling again. The second manifestation of the disease was characterized by a shorter initial period and frequent relapses. In 1919, 200 consecutive cases were recorded by Byam et al., and transmission by human body lice was demonstrated, but the nature of the trench fever agent was still unknown (4).. Trench fever was precisely described based on experimental infections in volunteer soldiers (4). The first experiments consisted of transmitting whole blood from typical cases ...
Bartonella quintana, a pathogen that is restricted to human hosts and louse vectors, was first characterized as the agent of trench fever. The disease was described in 1915 on the basis of natural and experimental infections in soldiers. It is now recognized as a reemerging pathogen among homeless populations in cities in the United States and Europe and is responsible for a wide spectrum of conditions, including chronic bacteremia, endocarditis, and bacillary angiomatosis. Diagnosis is based on serologic analysis, culture, and molecular biology. Recent characterization of its genome allowed the development of modern diagnosis and typing methods. Guidelines for the treatment of B. quintana infections are presented.
IIIChris Hani Baragwanth Hospital, Bertsham, South Africa. Correspondence to. Bartonella is a genus of opportunistic, Gram-negative bacilli transmitted from animals to human hosts. Bartonellae are newly emerging pathogens that can cause a variety of clinical manifestations in both immunocompromised and healthy persons.. The aims were to determine the IgG and IgM seroprevalences of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana in immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals using an immunofluorescence assay (IFA).. A total of 382 HIV-positive outpatients of the Chris Hani Baragwanth HIV-clinic, 382 retrospective residual samples from HIV-negative antenatal patients, and 42 clinically healthy volunteers were tested using a commercially available IFA kit to determine the prevalence of IgG and IgM antibodies to B. henselae and B. quintana.. The IgM and IgG seroprevalences for the HIV-positive patients were 14% (53/382) and 32% (121/382), respectively, compared to 18% for both IgM (62/342) and IgG ...
IIIChris Hani Baragwanth Hospital, Bertsham, South Africa. Correspondence to. Bartonella is a genus of opportunistic, Gram-negative bacilli transmitted from animals to human hosts. Bartonellae are newly emerging pathogens that can cause a variety of clinical manifestations in both immunocompromised and healthy persons.. The aims were to determine the IgG and IgM seroprevalences of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana in immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals using an immunofluorescence assay (IFA).. A total of 382 HIV-positive outpatients of the Chris Hani Baragwanth HIV-clinic, 382 retrospective residual samples from HIV-negative antenatal patients, and 42 clinically healthy volunteers were tested using a commercially available IFA kit to determine the prevalence of IgG and IgM antibodies to B. henselae and B. quintana.. The IgM and IgG seroprevalences for the HIV-positive patients were 14% (53/382) and 32% (121/382), respectively, compared to 18% for both IgM (62/342) and IgG ...
This case series provides detailed information regarding the clinical presentation, course, and outcome of Bartonella endocarditis caused by B. quintana infection in 4 children and by Bartonella of undetermined species in 1 child. Of interest, all 5 children were natives of Ethiopia. When admitted to our medical center, all of the children were afebrile and had nonspecific symptoms, except for heart failure, which was attributed to their previously known heart disease. In 4 of the 5 patients, endocarditis was not suspected on clinical grounds, but we pursued the diagnosis after echocardiographs revealed vegetations. The diagnosis of B. quintana endocarditis was confirmed in 4 patients (patients A-D) by identification of B. quintana DNA in excised vegetations or endocardial tissue. The diagnosis was further supported by the presence of Bartonella IgG in these 4 patients, 3 of whom had high titers (1:1,600-1:12,800). The fifth patient had Bartonella endocarditis caused by an undetermined species; ...
Endocarditis caused by Bartonella strains has been increasingly reported. While a few sporadic case reports associated with B. henselae were published in Turkey, no endocarditis cases caused by Bartonella spp. have been reported yet. Herein, a case of first B. quintana endocarditis in Turkey, diagnosed using molecular methods, was presented. ...
IgM antibody, the primary immune response to Bartonella, appears early in the infection and is highly diagnostic when present. IgG antibody response follows initial IgM response closely. Since the IgG response is broadly cross reactive between the species, these results must be interpreted with caution. 10% of a healthy population exhibit Bartonella henselae and B. quintana IgG titers of 1:64 - 1:128; none show titers of 1:256 or above ...
Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana are small, rod-shaped, pleomorphic, gram-negative bacteria. The human body louse (Pediculus humanis) is the proposed vector for Bartonella quintana. No animal reservoir has
LEON, Spain (VN) - Colombian sensation Nairo Quintana (Movistar) returned home this week after a wildly successful spring season capped by his overall victory in the Vuelta al Pais Vasco (Tour of the Basque Country).. The 23-year-old will remain in Colombia for nearly a month before returning to Europe in June to race the Critérium du Dauphiné ahead of his highly anticipated debut at the Tour de France.. I stay where I live, at 1,800 meters to prepare for the Tour, Quintana told VeloNews. I will stay about one month. I will be with my family, because thats what I miss most.. The Colombian roared through the spring, turning heads in every race he started. He put an end to the first part of the season last weekend at Liège-Bastogne-Liège with a discreet 50th in the la doyenne.. Quintana admitted he suffered through the Ardennes classics, struck by allergies and what he called stomach problems, but the 5-foot-7 climber said he liked what he saw in his first attempt at the hilly ...
Italian Stefano Pirazzi (Bardiani-CSF) held off a small group of chasers in the home straight to claim his maiden Giro dItalia victory from the races 17th stage on Thursday morning (AEST).. Race leader Nairo Quintana (Movistar) crossed the finish line with the main peloton and his closest rivals nearly 15 minutes later following a 208km trek from Sarnonico to Vittorio Veneto that saw a breakaway go unchallenged all the way to the finish.. Quintana, the runner-up on last years Tour de France, spent his first day in the races fabled maglia rosa (pink jersey) to retain his 1min 41sec lead on Rigoberto Uran (Omega-Pharma) and 3:21 cushion on Australian Cadel Evans (BMC).. But it was a tense day in the saddle for the 24-year-old Colombian, who was accused of foul play following his victory on stage 16 when he took the jersey from Uran, last years runner-up.. Urans Omega-Pharma team were on Tuesday one of several to accuse organisers, and Quintana, of foul play following an official radio ...
The Cubs are placing southpaw Jose Quintana on the 10-day injured with left lat inflammation, Jesse Rogers of ESPN.com reports. They recalled righty Jason Adam to take Quintanas place on their roster, per Sahadev Sharma of The Athletic.. This continues a year to forget for Quintana, who had to undergo left thumb surgery at the beginning of July and was unable to debut until Aug. 25. Quintana has since thrown six innings of four-run ball with nine strikeouts and two walks over a pair of relief appearances. Hell now rejoin righty Tyler Chatwood as Cubs starting options on the injured list. The NL Central leaders still have Cy Young contender Yu Darvish, Kyle Hendricks, Jon Lester and Alec Mills around to fill rotation spots, but theres nobody with a track record rivaling Quintanas to take his position, and the Cubs cant look for established outside help now that the trade deadline has passed. For now, it seems the Cubs will turn to righty Adbert Alzolay, who has three MLB starts on his ...
Lyrics to Quintana by Travi$ Scott: [Hook:] / Straight from Mexico, call her Quintana / Damn, she smoke my dope… swear to God we go Rambo
Bartonella quintana (BQ) is a gram-negative human pathogen that causes serious and potentially fatal infections, and is the leading cause of culture-negative heart valve infection in the US. BQ also causes persistent bacteremia and fatal illness in immunocompromised individuals with cancer and HIV/AIDS. BQ is transmitted to humans by the body louse; humans become infected when the BQ bacteria in the louse feces are introduced into the louse bite wound by scratching. BQ alternates between two very different niches: the bloodstream of the homeothermic mammalian reservoir (37C) and the gut of the poikilothermic arthropod vector (28C). Virtually nothing is known about the virulence factors involved in the transition between the host and arthropod vector. However, the arthropod niche is an essential part of the life cycle of BQ, and it is required for infection of humans. To surviv and proliferate, BQ bacteria must adapt rapidly during the shift between these two disparate environments. Such ...
We recovered Bartonella quintana DNA from dental pulp of a domestic cat. This study, the first to detect B. quintana in a nonhuman mammal, changes our understanding of the epidemiology of this infection and proposes that cats may be an emerging source of human infection ...
2.0 2.1 Mary Ann Azevedo (2007-09-09). Energy fund drills in new direction. Houston Business Journal. Retrieved on 2011-03-27. Hugh Roy Cullen, who was dubbed arguably Houstons most famous oilman by Texas Monthly in 2005, founded the now-defunct Quintana Petroleum in 1930. Today, Corby Robertson -- Cullens grandson -- is said to own more coal through his various ventures than anyone outside of the U.S. government (see Cullen heir nabs huge lumps of coal, Dec. 8, 2006). Besides his role with Quintana Energy Partners, Robertson also serves as president of Quintana Minerals Corp., CEO and chairman of publicly traded Natural Resource Partners LP, and chairman of Quintana Maritime Ltd., a Nasdaq-traded bulk shipping company. ...
Rocky7, 1990 called and they want back their pitcher evaluation algorithm you used for the basis of your post. Hes not a winner is your prose - just lazy. Heres why-as of May 8, 2016 (sorry most recent article I could find) , Jose Quintana had started 119 games. In those starts the Sox scored zero runs for him 18 times ( a real winner would have held the opposing to team to negative runs and found a way to get that W) one run 26 times, two runs 28 times, and THREE runs 15 times. Meaning, the sox scored three runs or less in 73% of Quintanas starts, two runs or less in 61% of his starts, one run or less in 37% of his starts, and NO runs in 15% of his starts. To break it down even more simply, here are pure win loss records for eras with that type of run support (assuming no no decisions and equal number of runs given up in each 9 inning start) 3.01 era, 41-78; 2.01 era, 56-63; 1.01 era, 77-42; and a .01 era, 101-18. Essenrially, no pitcher in history wins with that type of support…but ...
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Lázaro Cárdenas Segundo (Othón P. Blanco, Quintana Roo, Mexico) with population statistics, charts, map, location, weather and web information.
View listing information for Land - Manzana 566 - Lot 4 - Region 8 , Tulum, Quintana Roo, 1,250 sq. m., Lots and Land for sale. Asking price: $106,250 by Carine GEBELIN.
View listing information for TRANQUILITY AND REST- APARTMENT 2 BED. - LOCK OFF AND PRIVATE POOL- TULUM, Tulum, Quintana Roo, 887 sq. ft., Residential for sale. Asking price: $249,000 by Karina Sayed.
Buy Your 2015 Quintana Roo PR6 with Reynolds Race Wheels from MyTriathlon with a 20% Discount on Premier Trusted Triathlon Brands and Free Delivery.
John Park & Van Saro. In the spirit of creative camaraderie, C.A.V.E. Gallery in Venice, CA currently has a group show of collaborative works by Dan Quintana and Grady Gordon, John Park and Van Saro and Devin Liston. The collab pieces show glimmers of each artists style, but this union brings forth a totally new aesthetic from each duo. The show is on view until January 7. Take a look at some of the artworks, images courtesy of C.A.V.E. Gallery, below. ...
Something has to give, and it ought to be Philip Humber. Or maybe Gavin Floyd. Whatever, someone has to give up his spot in the White Sox rotation to make room for Jose Quintana. The kid left-hander just went down to St. Louis and won his matchup against Adam Wainwright, beating a Cardinals team that...
El conocimiento de las plantas acuáticas vasculares en nuestro país se ha ido incrementando en el transcurso de los últimos años, debido principalmente al esfuerzo de botánicos que están interesados en este grupo de plantas y de las instituciones (como la CONABIO) que apoyan estos estudios. El presente proyecto tiene el propósito de recopilar, sistematizar y generar información que establezca el inventario de las especies de plantas vasculares acuáticas y subacuáticas presentes en el Corredor Biológico Sian Kaan-Calakmul, México, principalmente del Área Focal Felipe Carrillo Puerto en el estado de Quintana Roo. Este inventario permitirá señalar objetivamente la distribución de las especies en esta región mesoamericana por medio de mapas, basada en la información recabada durante el trabajo exploratorio y de herbario, la cual se incorporará a una base de datos (BIÓTICA ver. 4.0) de la CONABIO. Asimismo, las actividades curatoriales que se lleven a cabo con el material y la ...
Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Joseph Quintana Jr, MD Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
The pH of the solution was then adjusted to 72 by adding triethyl amine and distilled off the solvent completely? Gastrointestinal involvement may manifest as diarrhea, clomid cost constipation, or other symptoms of malabsorption, such as bloating, flatus, or belching? Quintana bacteremia be treated with gentamicin (3 mg/kg of body weight iv. Gewürzpflanzen und montieren bequemer sitzhaltung dar ber! Its nourishingly indulekha hair oil price a prodrug of L-cysteine, which is a precursor of the almighty antioxidant glutathione (GSH), raising levels significantly. Based on the study results, 120 free spins win real money these authors recommended that back-up contraception may not be necessary if OCs are used reliably during oral antibiotic use! In an embodiment, challengingly propecia canada the substitution at the 7 position of the 8-substituted tetracycline compound is not chlorine or trimethylamino. Remember that its not unusual for gabapentin to make people feel a bit sleepy or ...
Biopsy, Cell, Disease, Immunoglobulin, Immunoglobulin Light Chains, Kidney, Kidney Disease, Knowledge, Light, Lymphoma, Patients, Plasma, Plasma Cell, Plasma Cell Dyscrasias, Production, Report, Set, Therapeutic
In this notation the conditioning on s is implicit in the selection of the elements in y? j . si j s i ; y/ are derived as follows. Âi j  i ; y/. 12). Recall that Âj? denote the k unique values among  i and similarly for nj . Also, let y? j D y? Âi j  i ; y/ / k X nj fÂj? yi / ıÂj? Âi / in the second term is Rnot normalized. Âi /: Note that h0 is a function of yi . Recognizing that Âi D Âj? Âi ; si j  i ; y/ / k X nj fÂj? si /ıÂj? Âi /: jD1 Finally, we marginalize with respect to Â, R that is, with respect to Âi and  i . When M is small this seems to be a clear benefit, since the probabilities for other changes are affected only slightly. Using a simulated dataset, Neal (2000) also showed that the auxiliary Gibbs sampler (with a properly chosen tuning parameter) has the best computational efficiency of one-at-a-time non-conjugate samplers for DPM models. Software note: R code to implement transition probabilities under Algorithm 8 is given in the on-line software ...
Cada vez que nuestros órganos internos realizan alguna función, como digerir alimentos o curar tejidos dañados, en las células del cuerpo se generan reacciones químicas...
I think in this case dumb is interchangeable with unpopular, which is ok. Its ok to have an unpopular opinion, especially when it isnt wrong. I think Quintana is one of those signings that was made for clubhouse purposes and they signed him on the wrong side of his prime. But its a low risk acquisition. I think Cobb will be better than Quintana this year, by a fair amount. Unpopular, but not untrue. ...
Locked out of other popular tourism destinations due to the coronavirus pandemic at home, they are flocking to the Caribbean coast state.
Handcrafted by the QUINTANA family, sugar skull artisans from Mexico who has been featured in the PBS video, Food for the Ancestors. Using the traditional method of cooking the sugar in a copper pot, (the plastic molds are the modern method-no cooking is involved and a great alternative since the ceramic molds are very hard to find). In the last 20 years there are fewer and fewer traditional sugar skull artisans left, a family tradition the ceramic molds, made with a special clay, are handed down from generation to generation. The Quintana family is highly recognized because they have been crafting sugar skulls for five generations, the molds were made by Miguels great grandfather in the late 1800s ...
Salama, M., Ataman-Millhouse, L., Sobral, F., Terrado, G., Scarella, A., Bourlon, M. T., Adiga, S. K., Udupa, K. S., Mahajan, N., Patil, M., Venter, C., Demetriou, G., Quintana, R., Rodriguez, G., Quintana, T., Viale, L., Bonilla, Y. A. R., Noguera, J. A. R., Velásquez, J. C. V., Pineda, J. I. D. & 6 others, Aldecoa, M. D. C., Javed, M., Al Sufyan, H., Daniels, N., Ogunmokun, A. A. & Woodruff, T. K., 01-12-2018, In: Journal of global oncology. 4, p. 1-7 7 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review ...
3. A. I. Oliva, J.H. Balanc n, M.E. Navarro, V ctor Sosa, L.A. Maldonado, P. Bartolo, R.E Castro, and J.A. Azamar-Barrios. A Thermal Method to Fracture Rocks. Int. J. of Rocks Mechanics and Min. Sciences and Geomechanics Abstracts. 28 (6) 509-514, (1991). 4. A. I. Oliva, V ctor Sosa, R. de Coss, N. L pez Salazar, Raquel Sosa y J.L. Pe a.An lisis de un sistema de aislamiento de vibraciones usando un m todo gr fico Rev. Mex. Fis. 38 (3), 497-509, (1992).. 5. V ctor Sosa, J.A. Azamar-Barrios, J.L. Pe a, L. Francisco Garfias, A. I. Oliva, and P. Quintana. Influence of preparation conditions on characteristics of the YBa2Cu3O7-d compound. J. of Materials Science, 27, 6131-6133, (1992). 6. A. I. Oliva, V ctor Sosa, R. de Coss, Raquel Sosa, N. L pez Salazar, and J.L. Pe a. Vibration isolation analysis for a scanning tunneling microscope, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63 (6) 3326-3329 (1992). 7. A. I. Oliva, V. Rej n, N. L pez-Salazar, E. Avila, T. Kant n, J.E. Corona y J.L. Pe a. Microscopio de efecto t ...
Dr. Humberto Quintana answered: Yes, it can happen: Risperidone Untoward effects: may cause elevations of prolactin that are significantly above normal values &a...
A protester was killed in Paraguay after a secret Senate vote for a constitutional amendment that would allow President Horacio Cartes to run for re-election sparked violent clashes and the countrys Congress was stormed and set alight. Rodrigo Quintana, 25, was killed by a rubber bullet fired
GR Solaris Cancun & Spa - All Inclusive at Cancun (and vicinity), Quintana Roo, Mexico: Find the best deals with user reviews, photos, and discount rates for GR Solaris Cancun & Spa - All Inclusive at Orbitz. Get our lowest rates or cash back. And, pay no Orbitz hotel change or cancel fees.
UNIVERSIDAD REGIONAL AUTOMA DE LOS ANDES CATEDRA DE ANATOMIA. DOCENTE: ARMANDO QUINTANA. ALUMNO: JOHAN PAUCAR. CURSO: 2DO. PARARELO
http://i50.tinypic.com/2rq0mbr.jpg Main card ======= Super Welterweight: Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Miguel Cotto (c) Super Welterweight: Saul Alvarez (c) vs. Shane Mosley Light Welterweight: Jessie Vargas vs Steve Forbes Super Welterweight: Deandre Latimore vs Carlos Quintana
Bultman, S. J., Holley, D. W., G De Ridder, G., Pizzo, S. V., Sidorova, T. N., Murray, K. T., Jensen, B. C., Wang, Z., Bevilacqua, A., Chen, X., Quintana, M. T., Tannu, M., Rosson, G. B., Pandya, K. & Willis, M. S. May 1 2016 In : Cardiovascular Pathology. 25, 3, p. 258-269 12 p.. Research output: Research - peer-review › Article ...
Vidal Lluciá, Teresa; Torres López, Antonio Luis; Valls Vidal, Cristina; Cusola Aumedes, Oriol; Quintana, Elisabet; Andreu Terrén, Glòria; Aracri, Elisabetta; Fillat Latorre, Amanda; García Ubasart, Jordi; Beltramino, Facundo; Clemente Escuin, Antonio; Roncero Vivero, María Blanca (2013-06-13) ...
by Wachter, Rolf and Senni, Michele and Belohlavek, Jan and Fonseca, Candida and Fernandez, Alberto and Mueller, Christian and Tribouilloy, Christophe and Lonn, Eva and A.L. Buraiki, Jehad and Gniot, Jacek and Noè, Adele and Bao, Weibin and Butylin, Dmytro and Gniot, Jacek and Mozheiko, Maria and Lelonek, Malgorzata and Mueller, Christian Eugen and Cavusoglu, Yuksel and Slanina, Miroslav and vom Dahl, Juergen and Ryding, Alisdair and Robles, Manuel Beltran and Villota, Julio Nunez and Quintana, Antonio Garcia and Nitschke, Thorsten and Manuel Garcia Pinilla, Jose and Chaaban, Said and Abdelbaki, Khaled and Fehske, Wolfgang and Leiro, Marisa Crespo and Mullens, Wilfried and Kryza, Radim and Al-Ani, Riadh and Ermoshkina, Lyudmila and Fernandez, Alberto Alfredo and Vishnevsky, Alexander and Belicova, Margita and Pascual, Domingo and Witte, Klaus and Wong, Kenneth and Delforge, Marc and Peterka, Martin and Carugo, Stefano and Akin, Ibrahim and Baglikov, Andrey and Hayes, Chris and Yigit, Zerrin and ...
IM BIG and I NEED YOUR - A topic posted by Vianice Quintana in the Motivation & Support forum. Join the discussion in Workout Trainer for iOS & Android by Skimble.
Costa Maya, Mahahual QROO News- December 2013 - Includes information about Mahahual upcoming events, Google car mapping the beach, Xcalak news, Vacation rental property deals, Chetumal , Quintana Roo information,
Blood culture-negative endocarditis is common in Algeria. We describe the etiology of infective endocarditis in this country. Samples from 110 cases in 108 patients were collected in Algiers. Blood cultures were performed in Algeria. Serologic and molecular analysis of valves was performed in France. Infective endocarditis was classified as definite in 77 cases and possible in 33. Causative agents were detected by blood cultures in 48 cases. All 62 blood culture-negative endocarditis cases were tested by serologic or molecular methods or both. Of these, 34 tested negative and 28 had an etiologic agent identified. A total of 18 infective endocarditis cases were caused by zoonotic and arthropodborne bacteria, including Bartonella quintana (14 cases), Brucella melitensis (2 cases), and Coxiella burnetii (2 cases). Our data underline the high prevalence of infective endocarditis caused by Bartonella quintana in northern Africa and the role of serologic and molecular tools for the diagnosis of blood ...
The international seminar on The Legitimate Use of Force and the Protection of Human Rights was held on December 3-4 in Cancun, Quintana Roo. The seminar was organized by the Foreign Ministry with the assistance of the Public Safety Ministry of the state of Quintana Roo and was part of the Mexico-European Union human rights program. The aim of the seminar was to encourage a constructive dialog between the institutions in charge of public safety, law enforcement officials, legislators, academic institutions and national and international civil society organizations on issues related to the use of force and human rights with a view towards future legislation on the issue. The inaugural ceremony was chaired by Quintana Roo Governor Félix González Canto. Also participating were the Quintana Roo Public Safety Minister, Vice Admiral Miguel Ángel Ramos; State Attorney General Bello Melchor Rodríguez Carrillo; the Foreign Ministrys Director General of Human Rights and Democracy, Minister ...
References. Álvarez-Castañeda, S. T., & Patton, J. L. (2000). Mamíferos del noroeste de México II. La Paz, Baja California Sur: Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C. [ Links ] Armella, A., & Yáñez, M. L. (2011). Mamíferos mexicanos en peligro de extinción. Revista Digital Universitaria, 12, 1−10. [ Links ] Ávila-Nájera D. M, Chávez, C., Lazcano-Barreto, M. A., Mendoza, G. D., & Pérez-Elizalde, S. (2016). Traslape en patrones de actividad y traslape entre grandes felinos y sus principales presas en el norte de Quintana Roo, México. Therya, 7, 439−448. [ Links ] Ávila-Nájera, D. M., Rosas-Rosas, O., Tarango-Arámbula, L. A., Martínez-Montoya, J. F., & Santoyo-Brito, E. (2011). Conocimiento, uso y valor cultural de seis presas del jaguar (Panthera onca) y su relación con éste, en San Nicolás de los Montes, San Luis Potosí, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 82, 1020−1028. [ Links ] Balestrieri, A., Remonti, L., & Prigioni, C. (2009). Habitat ...
To be presented at AMIA 2018 Symposium, Session S68: 10:30 12:00 PST YQ Panel -Implementation Science for Global Health Informatics Projects Panel Chair: Yuri Quintana, Ph.D., Director Global Informatics, Division of Clinical Informatics, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School Panelists:
Was it like in a world war one trench? There were many lines of german trenches on side and allied the other 21 sep 2013 life death for soldiers 1 from luxurious compared to british 9 aug 2017 ...
Trench fever is a self-limited, louse-borne relapsing febrile disease caused by B quintana. The disease has occurred epidemically in louse-infested troops and civilians during wars and endemically in residents of scattered geographic areas (eg, Central America). An urban equivalent of trench fever has been described among the homeless. Humans acquire infection when infected lice feces enter sites of skin breakdown. Onset of symptoms is abrupt and fever lasts 3-5 days, with relapses. The patient complains of weakness and severe pain behind the eyes and typically in the back and legs. Lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and a transient maculopapular rash may appear. Subclinical infection is frequent, and a carrier state is recognized. The differential diagnosis includes other febrile, self-limited states such as dengue, leptospirosis, malaria, relapsing fever, and typhus. Treatment is generally not required since spontaneous recovery occurs regularly. ...
Francisco Rosado-Mays path to university president began in the rural village of Felipe Carrillo Puerto, where he and other eager Mayan youngsters gathered in a hallway for classes. Rosado-May earned government fellowships to attend high school and study agricultural engineering in Tabasco, Mexico, where he met his mentor, UCSC faculty member and agroecology pioneer Stephen Gliessman. While completing his doctorate at UCSC, Rosado-May joined the team planning the first university campus for his native state of Quintana Roo. He became president of the University of Quintana Roo in 2002, and under his leadership it became one of Mexicos top three public universities. Rosado-May also led planning for the new Intercultural Maya University of Quintana Roo (UIMQROO), one of nine intercultural public university campuses throughout Mexico. UIMQROO was built on an innovative academic model that reflects the needs of the Maya community and incorporates their history. Rosado-May became the new ...
Analisou-se a composição nutricional e isotópica (C e N) de folhas de mogno (Swietenia macrophylla King) em plantações estabelecidas em solos e climas contrastantes na América Central (Quintana Roo, Yucatán, México) e na América do Sul (Pará, Brasil). O objetivo foi determinar a adaptabilidade dessa espécie para grandes diferenças na disponibilidade de nutrientes e regimes de chuva. As concentrações de nutrientes das folhas e solos foram determinadas espectrofotometricamente, e razões isotópicas foram medidas utilizando espectrometria de massa. No Pará, os solos foram mais arenosos e ácidos, recebendo acima de 2.000 mm de chuva, enquanto em Quintana Roo os solos foram predominantemente argilosos, com pH neutro a alcalino, devido ao substrato calcário subjacente, com cerca de 1.300 mm de chuva. A razão área/peso foliar foi semelhante para ambos os sítios de estudo, mas em Quintana Roo as folhas foram significativamente menores. Concentrações de N e K em folhas adultas ...
The book begins and ends at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, where Quintana and the musician Gerry Michael were married on July 26, 2003. Didion the reporter is there, describing the pastel details, the cucumber and watercress sandwiches, a peach-colored cake from Payard, pink champagne. Quintana shakes the water off leis lifted from their boxes, stephanotis is braided into her hair, a plumier blossom tattoo shows through the wedding lace. Didion the memoirist is there, too. Stephanotis grew outside the Brentwood Park house they moved into when Quintana was in seventh grade; there were cucumber and watercress sandwiches at her sixteenth birthday party; there were leis in Hawaii.. Didion the witty observer is there, recalling dryly the buyer of the Brentwood Park house who said he could imagine his daughter getting married in the garden with its pink magnolia tree, then insisting the house be treated for termites with the gas Vikane. The termites, I was quite sure, would come back. The ...
Trench fever Trench feverClassification & external resources ICD-10 A79.0 ICD-9 083.1 DiseasesDB 29814 eMedicine med/2303  MeSH D014205 Trench fever is a
ManuscriptPro PDF Search digitally communicates with online databases that contain selected information from scientific journals. The services predominant goal is to serve and direct students & researchers to relevant, contextual, scholarly data. When available, ManuscriptPro PDF Search provides links to full text, peer-reviewed versions of journal articles and provides a quick Download PDF option (which allows users to download open access articles for free!). While it may not be as inclusive as other academic search databases, ManuscriptPro PDF Search does its best to search through various sources to provide its users with scholarly articles from scientific publication databases. You can find scientific articles on just about any topic -- try this academic research database search service today at no cost! Of note, ManuscriptPro PDF Search uses publicly available data from the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human ...
Coco Hacienda Tulum. Coco Hacienda Tulum sits like a giant jungle flower amid the green and gorgeous grounds of a former nursery, with a duo of pools, a brilliant restaurant and staff that shine.
When choosing a teacher, experience matters. Nicole and Rebecca are highly trained in the style of vinyasa yoga, and have over twenty years of combined...
13 de Dic de 2017 - Casa/depto. entero por $159. Lol KaNaab # 8 es un condominio de dos dormitorios, dos baños frente al mar en Half Moon Bay de Akumal. Maestro es una cama de matrimonio con vis...
Sunny Mante, Nana Yaa Snyper, Ilir Agalliu, David W. Lounsbury, Thomas Rohan, Alex Orfanos, Yuri Quintana, Judith S. Jacobson, Alfred I. Neugut, Edward Gelmann, Joseph Lachance, Cherif Dial, Thierno Amadou Diallo, Mohamed Jalloh, Serigne Magueye Gueye, Papa Moussa Sène Kane, Halimatou Diop, Anna Julienne Ndiaye, Amina Sow Sall, Ndeye Coumba Toure-Kane, Ezenwa Onyemata, Alashle Abimiku, Andrew A. Adjei, Richard Biritwum, Richard Gyasi, Mathew Kyei, James E. Mensah, Julian Okine, Vicky Okyne, Isabella Rockson, Evelyn Tay, Yao Tettey, Edward Yeboah, Wenlong C. Chen, Elvira Singh, Michael B. Cook, Christine N. Duffy, Ann Hsing, Cassandra Claire Soo, Pedro Fernandez, Hayley Irusen, Oseremen Aisuodionoe-Shadrach, Abubakar Mustapha Jamda, Peter Oluwole Olabode, Maxwell Madueke Nwegbu, Olalekan Hafees Ajibola, Olushola Jeremiah Ajamu, Yakubu Garba Ambuwa, Akindele Olupelumi Adebiyi, Michael Asuzu, Olufemi Ogunbiyi, Olufemi Popoola, Olayiwola Shittu, Olukemi Amodu, Emeka Odiaka, Ifeoluwa Makinde, ...
Adrover JM, Del Fresno C, Crainiciuc G, Cuartero MI, Casanova-Acebes M, Weiss LA, Huerga-Encabo H, Silvestre-Roig C, Rossaint J, Cossío I, Lechuga-Vieco AV, García-Prieto J, Gómez-Parrizas M, Quintana JA, Ballesteros I, Martin-Salamanca S, Aroca-Crevillen A, Chong SZ, Evrard M, Balabanian K, López J, Bidzhekov K, Bachelerie F, Abad-Santos F, Muñoz-Calleja C, Zarbock A, Soehnlein O, Weber C, Ng LG, Lopez-Rodriguez C, Sancho D, Moro MA, Ibáñez B, Hidalgo A. A Neutrophil Timer Coordinates Immune Defense and Vascular Protection. Immunity. 2019 Feb 19;50(2):390-402.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2019.01.002. Epub 2019 Jan 29. Erratum in: Immunity. 2019 Nov 19;51(5):966-967. PMID: 30709741 ...
Melbourne F Hovell, John Bellettiere, Sandy Liles, Benjamin Nguyen, Vincent Berardi, Christine Johnson, Georg E Matt, John Malone, Marie C Boman-Davis, Penelope J E Quintana, Saori Obayashi, Dale Chatfield, Robert Robinson, Elaine J Blumberg, Weg M Ongkeko, Neil E Klepeis, Suzanne C Hughes ...
Aamodt, Kenneth; Abelev, B; Quintana, AA; Adamova, D; Adare, AM; Aggarwal, MM; Rinella, GA; Agocs, AG; Agostinelli, A; Salazar, SA; Ahammed, Z; Ahmad, N; Masoodi, AA; Ahn, SU; Akindinov, A; Aleksandrov, D; Alessandro, B; Molina, RA; Alici, A; Alkin, A; Avina, EA; Alt, Torsten; Altini, V; Altsybeev, I; Andrei, C; Andronic, A; Anguelov, V; Anson, C; Anticic, T; Antinori, F; Antonioli, P; Aphecetche, L; Appelshäuser, Harald; Arbor, N; Arcelli, S; Arend, A; Armesto, N; Arnaldi, R; Aronsson, T; Arsene, IC; Arslandok, M; Asryan, A; Augustinus, A; Averbeck, R; Awes, TC; Aysto, J; Azmi, MD; Bach, M; Badala, A; Baek, YW; Bailhache, R; Bala, R; Ferroli, RB; Baldisseri, A; Baldit, A; Ban, J; Baral, RC; Barbera, R; Barile, F; Barnafoldi, GG; Barnby, LS; Barret, V; Bartke, J; Basile, M; Bastid, N; Bathen, B; Batigne, G; Batyunya, B; Baumann, C; Bearden, IG; Beck, H; Belikov, I; Bellini, F; Bellwied, R; Belmont-Moreno, E; Beole, S; Berceanu, I; Bercuci, A; Berdermann, E; Berdnikov, Y; Bergmann, C; Betev, L; ...
Video promotion Elastica skin balancing with Hostess Kellie Peterson and guest Domie Quintana talk about the Power of skin care and the products from Elastica skin balancing. You can see more at www.phdskincream.com and review in-depth knowledge and insight at www.elasticaonline.com. A must read is our blog at www.PhDpeptides.com with our in house International Aesthetician and Educator Amber Rhines. Here you find much knowledge and information related to skin care and Science by a working Aesthetician who understands the applications. This is a great place to post some questions and testimonials as well ...
by Pascual Fuster, Vicente and Ruiz Olivar, Emilio and Pintò Sala, Xavier and Abad Fernandez, J.L and Abajo Quintana, L.C and Abreu Garcia Mar-lene, M and Abuin Vila, A and Aceves Martin, E and Acuña Carrazana, A and Aguado Martinez, B and Aguilar Arnau, M.T and Aguilar Fernan-dez, I and Aguilar Huerta, O and Agullo Fernandez, F and Al Ramahi, N and Alba Alonso, J and Alba Martin, J.P and Albacete Saez, E.D and Albiñana Fernandez, F and Alegre Basagaña, J and Alegre Herrera, J.S and Ale-gria Nicolas, J.L and Ales Conejo, F and Aleza Sierra, T and Alguacil Mata, F and Aliaga López, J and Al-Kourdi, A.R and Almagro Garrido, P and Alonso Aldea, M.L and Alonso Estévez, A and Alonso Garcia, G and Alonso Guervos, C and Alonso-Lamberti, C and Álvarez Arriero, J and Álvarez Cabo, J.M and Álvarez Gonzalez, A and Álvarez Mejorada, E and Álvarez Recio, A and Álvarez Villa, O.M and Álvarez-Franco Cañas, F and Álvaro Meseguer, F and Alzua Blanc, L.M and Andrade Bellido, J.F and Andrés Vengut, ...
Cancún [http://www.cancun.info] is a coastal city in the tourist destination called The Mexican Caribbean, i.e., the state of Quintana Roo, on Mexicos Yucatan Peninsula. It is a popular vacation spot on the Caribbean coast.
Eventbrite - Graham International Implant Institute presents 11th Annual Symposium - Thursday, April 19, 2018 | Saturday, April 21, 2018 at Dreams Riviera Cancun Resort, Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo. Find event and ticket information.
This finding reflects a view different from that of an earlier study by Quintana et al.[3], which demonstrated that, in some cases, as many as 50% of human melanoma cells have tumorigenic potential. In addition, no marker tested identified a tumorigenic subpopulation. The authors[3] concluded that the frequency of cancer cells that can initiate tumorigenesis depends, in part, on the assessment techniques and assays ...
4]Pere Godoy. Jesus Castilla, Miguel Delgado-Rodriguez, Vicente Martin, Nuria Soldevila, Jordi Alonso, Jenaro Astray, Maretva Baricot, Rafael Canton, Ady Castro, Fernando Gonzalez-Candelas, Jose Maria Mayoral, Jose Maria Quintana, Tomas Pumarola, Sonia Tamames, Angela Doninquez. Effectiveness of hand hygiene and provision of information in preventing influenza cases requiring hospitalization. Preventive Medicine. Vol 54. Issue 6; 434-439. June 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009174351200151X ...
In his latest notes column, FanRags Jon Heyman reports that while teams such as the Astros, Pirates, Rangers and Yankees were all linked to Jose Quintana in trade rumors this offseason, the best offer the White Sox received came from an
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Tous les séjours proposés par Empower by Julia, Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexique. Sélectionnez votre stage ou retraite de yoga idéal parmi les offres proposées par 2658 organisateurs autour du monde sur BookYogaRetreats.com.
Manzano-León, N., Quintana, R., Sánchez, B., Serrano, J., Vega, E., Vázquez-López, I., Rojas-Bracho, L., López-Villegas, T., ONeill, M. S., Vadillo-Ortega, F., De Vizcaya-Ruiz, A., Rosas, I. and Osornio-Vargas, Á. R. (2013), Variation in the Composition and In Vitro Proinflammatory Effect of Urban Particulate Matter from Different Sites. J. Biochem. Mol. Toxicol., 27: 87-97. doi: 10.1002/jbt.21471 ...
Mulder, M. B., Gilna, G. P., Iyengar, R. S., Quintana, O. D., Nardiello, D. C., Kaufman, J. I., Pizano, L. R., Namias, N., Schulman, C. I. & Proctor, K. G., Jun 21 2019, In : Journal of Burn Care and Research. 40, 4, p. 427-429 3 p., irz050.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
Ever hear the advice to eat the rainbow? Thats because meals beaming with different colors-red, orange, yellow, green, purple and white, for example-tend to be ...
Rickettsia quintana), found in the stomach walls of the body louse. Bartonella quintana is closely related to Bartonella ... and Heinrich Werner). The disease is caused by the bacterium Bartonella quintana (older names: Rochalimea quintana, ... Bartonella quintana is transmitted by contamination of a skin abrasion or louse-bite wound with the faeces of an infected body ... Ohl, M. E.; Spach, D. H. (1 July 2000). "Bartonella quintana and Urban Trench Fever". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 31 (1): 131 ...
It is caused by either Bartonella henselae or B. quintana. B. henselae is most often transmitted through a cat scratch or bite ... B. quintana is usually transmitted by lice. It can manifest in people with AIDS and rarely appears in those who are ... Bacillary angiomatosis (BA) is a form of angiomatosis associated with bacteria of the genus Bartonella. Cutaneous BA is ... December 1997). "Molecular epidemiology of bartonella infections in patients with bacillary angiomatosis-peliosis". N. Engl. J ...
In Ethiopia, head lice appear to be able to spread louse-born epidemic typhus and Bartonella quintana. In Europe, the head lice ...
Cat-scratch disease is caused by Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana from fleas which are endemic in cats. Toxocariasis ...
2004). "The louse-borne human pathogen Bartonella quintana is a genomic derivative of the zoonotic agent Bartonella henselae". ...
Comparison of the proliferation and excretion of Bartonella quintana between body and head lice following oral challenge: ...
Along with Rickettsia prowazekii and Bartonella quintana, Borrelia recurrentis is one of three pathogens of which the body ...
The louse-borne human pathogen Bartonella quintana is a genomic derivative of the zoonotic agent Bartonella henselae. ... "Hypothetical protein BH11960 (Bartonella henselaei str. Houston-1". [1]. The function of the BH11960 protein is not known, but ... Bartonella henselae hypothetical protein 11960 (BH11960) is encoded by the BH11960 gene. This hypothetical protein is conserved ... The promoter is ubiquitously conserved in the other Bartonella species and contains a TATA box. BH11960 is the largest of the ...
... and Bartonella quintana (causes trench fever). Epidemic typhus can be treated with one dose of doxycycline, but if left ...
Bartonella Bartonella henselae Bartonella quintana Bordetella Bordetella bronchiseptica Bordetella pertussis Borrelia ... psittaci Rickettsia quintana Rickettsia rickettsii Rickettsia trachomae Rochalimaea Rochalimaea henselae Rochalimaea quintana ...
... with Descriptions of Bartonella quintana comb. nov., Bartonella vinsonii comb. nov., Bartonella henselae comb. nov., and ... Bartonella species have been infecting humans for thousands of years, as demonstrated by Bartonella quintana DNA in a 4000-year ... Drancourt M, Tran-Hung L, Courtin J, Lumley H, Raoult D (2005). "Bartonella quintana in a 4000-year-old human tooth". J. Infect ... At least eight Bartonella species or subspecies are known to infect humans. Bartonella henselae is the organism responsible for ...
Brouqui P, Lascola B, Roux V, Raoult D (January 1999). "Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients". N. Engl. ... Trench fever, produced by Bartonella quintana infection, is transmitted by the human body louse Pediculus humanus corporis. ... Maurin M, Raoult D (July 1996). "Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana infections". Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 9 (3): 273-92. doi: ... Bartonellosis is an infectious disease produced by bacteria of the genus Bartonella.Bartonella species cause diseases such as ...
... with Descriptions of Bartonella quintana comb. nov., Bartonella vinsonii comb. nov., Bartonella henselae comb. nov., and ... Bartonella vinsonii is a gram-negative bacteria from the genus of Bartonella which was isolated from dogs Rochalimaea vinsonii ... Straininfo of Bartonella vinsonii "Taxonomy - Bartonella vinsonii (Rochalimaea vinsonii)". The Universal Protein Resource ( ... nov., Isolated from Dogs; Bartonella vinsonii subsp. vinsonii; and Emended Description of Bartonella vinsonii". International ...
Bernard La Scola; Didier Raoult (17 March 1999). "Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from Human Samples: a ... Bartonella henselae at NCBI Taxonomy Browser Type strain of Bartonella henselae at BacDive, the Bacterial Diversity ... Parte, A.C. "Bartonella". LPSN. Mazur-Melewska, Katarzyna, et al. "Cat-scratch disease: a wide spectrum of clinical pictures." ... Bartonella henselae, formerly Rochalimæa, is a proteobacterium that is the causative agent of cat-scratch disease ( ...
The bacterium is a close relative of Bartonella quintana, the microbe which caused trench fever in thousands of soldiers during ... Bartonella rochalimae is a recently discovered strain of Gram-negative bacteria in the genus Bartonella, isolated by ... "Bartonella rochalimae and other Bartonella spp. in fleas, Chile". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 15 (7): 1150-2. doi:10.3201/ ... In July 2009, Bartonella rochalimae was also identified in fleas from cats and dogs from Chile. The organisms was detected by ...
... , originally known as Rochalimaea quintana, and "Rickettsia quintana", is a bacterium transmitted by the ... "Bartonella quintana". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 803. Type strain of Bartonella quintana at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... "Bartonella quintana". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved November 10, 2013. "Definition of Bartonella ... Li H, Tong Y, Huang Y, Bai J, Yang H, Liu W, Cao W (2012). "Complete Genome Sequence of Bartonella quintana, a Bacterium ...
... in Bartonella species (i.e. B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae, B. tribocorum, B. quintana, B. bacilliformis, B. grahamii), in ... Bartonella species (i.e. B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae, B. tribocorum, B. quintana, B. bacilliformis, B. grahamii). All these ... In Bartonella species the αr45 upstream gene was always found to code for a protein containing a rhodanase domain. In the ... This analysis also revealed an extended conserved sequence stretch among the promoters of the Brucella and Bartonella αr45 sRNA ...
Bartonella bacilliformis MeSH B03.440.090.100.350 - Bartonella henselae MeSH B03.440.090.100.650 - Bartonella quintana MeSH ... Bartonella bacilliformis MeSH B03.660.050.030.040.350 - Bartonella henselae MeSH B03.660.050.030.040.650 - Bartonella quintana ...
... a Cuban fish species in the monotypic genus Quintana Bartonella quintana, or Rochalimaea quintana, a bacterium that causes ... Spain Quintana Roo, a state in Mexico Estadio Quintana Roo, a football stadium in Quintana Roo La Quintana, a library park in ... Quintana may refer to: Quintana is a Spanish surname, associated with: Alfredo Quintana (1988-2021), Portuguese handballer ... an Antarctic island Quintana Municipality in São Paulo, Brazil Quintana, Texas, United States Quintana (Hato Rey), a sector in ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Cat-scratch disease is caused by Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana from fleas which are endemic in cats. Toxocariasis ... Bartonella henselae cats bites or scratches from infected cats Chagas disease Trypanosoma cruzi armadillos, Triatominae ( ...
Bartonellosis: Bartonella henselae (പൂച്ചമാന്തി രോഗം) · Bartonella quintana (Trench fever) · either henselae or quintana ( ...
D. L. Bonilla, H. Kabeya u. a.: Bartonella quintana in body lice and head lice from homeless persons, San Francisco, California ... T. Sasaki, S. K. S. Poudel u. a.: First Molecular Evidence of Bartonella quintana in Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: ... Studien hefft wiest, datt Kopplüse Rickettsia prowazekii (Lööst Plackenfever ut) un Bartonella quintana (Lööst Fiev-Dage-Fever ...
either henselae or quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis. *Bartonella bacilliformis *Carrion's disease, Verruga peruana ...
Bartonellosis: Bartonella henselae (Cat scratch disease) · Bartonella quintana (Trench fever) · either henselae or quintana ( ...
Bartonella henselae bacilli in cardiac valve of a patient with blood culture-negative endocarditis. The bacilli appear as black ... Ambrosioni, J; Hernandez-Meneses, M; Téllez, A; Pericàs, J; Falces, C; Tolosana, JM; Vidal, B; Almela, M; Quintana, E; Llopis, ...
Milazzo, M.L., Cajimat, M.N., Hanson, J.D., Bradley, R.D., Quintana, M., Sherman, C., Velásquez, R.T. and Fulhorst, C.F. 2006. ... Distribution, diversity, and host specificity of Bartonella in rodents from the southeastern United States. American Journal of ... Bartonella, is known from Georgia marsh rice rats.[191] ...
Bartonella quintana *Trench fever. *Either B. henselae or B. quintana *Bacillary angiomatosis ...
Webster CL, Waldron FM, Robertson S, Crowson D, Ferrari G, Quintana JF, et al. (July 2015). "The Discovery, Distribution, and ... Bowman DD (November 2011). "Introduction to the alpha-proteobacteria: Wolbachia and Bartonella, Rickettsia, Brucella, Ehrlichia ...
Bartonella henselae is a fastidious, intracellular, Gram-negative bacterium. The cat was recognized as the natural reservoir of ... People who are immunocompromised are susceptible to other conditions associated with B. henselae and B. quintana, such as ... Cat-scratch disease is caused by the bacterium Bartonella henselae which is believed to be spread by the cat's saliva. Young ... Cryptic Bartonella infection may be a much larger problem than previously thought, constituting an unrecognized occupational ...
Definition of Bartonella quintana. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... Bartonella quintana. Definition: formerly the type species of the genus Rochalimaea, this organism causes trench fever and in ...
Bartonella quintana, originally known as Rochalimaea quintana, and "Rickettsia quintana", is a bacterium transmitted by the ... "Bartonella quintana". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 803. Type strain of Bartonella quintana at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... "Bartonella quintana". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved November 10, 2013. "Definition of Bartonella ... Li H, Tong Y, Huang Y, Bai J, Yang H, Liu W, Cao W (2012). "Complete Genome Sequence of Bartonella quintana, a Bacterium ...
... quintana infections were associated with body lice in patients with nonspecific symptoms or no symptoms. ... Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients N Engl J Med. 1999 Jan 21;340(3):184-9. doi: 10.1056/ ... Background: Infection with Bartonella quintana can cause trench fever, endocarditis, bacillary angiomatosis, and peliosis. An ... quintana. The homeless people with B. quintana bacteremia were more likely to have been exposed to lice (P=0.002), were more ...
Bartonella quintana. From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource. Revision as of 05:28, 27 May 2007 by Rthamawa ... Retrieved from "https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php?title=Bartonella_quintana&oldid=11280" ...
Bartonella quintana bacteria, illustration. This is the causative agent of trench fever, and was formerly known as Rochalimaea ... Bartonella quintana bacteria, illustration. This is the causative agent of trench fever, and was formerly known as Rochalimaea ...
We recovered Bartonella quintana DNA from dental pulp of a domestic cat. This study, the first to detect B. quintana in a ... Bartonella quintana in a 4,000-year-old human tooth. J Infect Dis. 2005;191:607-11. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients. N Engl J Med. 1999;340:184-9. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana infection in a seronegative hemodialyzed patient. J Clin Microbiol. 1996;34:1158-60.PubMed ...
Proposals to unify the genera Bartonella and Rochalimaea, with descriptions of Bartonella quintana comb. nov., Bartonella ... Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from human samples: a 5-year experience (1993 to 1998). J Clin Microbiol ... nov., Bartonella peromysci comb. nov., and three new species, Bartonella grahamii sp. nov., Bartonella taylorii sp. nov., and ... Spach DH, Kanter AS, Dougherty MJ, Larson AM, Coyle MB, Brenner DJ, Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana bacteremia in inner-city ...
Bartonella quintana and Typhus Group Rickettsiae Exposure among Homeless Persons, Bogota, Colombia.(DISPATCHES) by Emerging ... APA style: Bartonella quintana and Typhus Group Rickettsiae Exposure among Homeless Persons, Bogota, Colombia.. (n.d.) >The ... MLA style: "Bartonella quintana and Typhus Group Rickettsiae Exposure among Homeless Persons, Bogota, Colombia.." The Free ... S.v. Bartonella quintana and Typhus Group Rickettsiae Exposure among Homeless Persons, Bogota, Colombia.." Retrieved Jun 22 ...
Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae endocarditis: a study of 48 patients ... Analysis of the First Australian Strains of Bartonella quintana Reveals Unique Genotypes. Mark W. Woolley, David L. Gordon, ... Bartonella quintana is a fastidious organism that is distributed worldwide and is transmitted to humans via several arthropod ... Molecular detection of Bartonella quintana, B. elizabethae, B. koehlerae, B. doshiae, B. taylorii, and Rickettsia felis in ...
Bartonella quintana is a rare cause of culture-negative endovascular infection, characterised by intracellular persistence. We ... describe a case of ascending aortic prosthetic graft infection due to B. quintana, in a patient with past unrecognised ...
We described for the first time in this country Bartonella quintana, B. koehlerae, B. taylorii, and Rickettsia felis in fleas ... Overall, Bartonella DNA was detected in 15.5% of gerbil fleas and 40.5% of rat fleas, whereas Rickettsia felis was found in 9% ... Of these, B. quintana, B. elizabethae, B. koehlerae, and R. felis are recognized human pathogens. These results emphasize the ... The prevalences of Bartonella spp. and Rickettsia spp. were investigated using molecular methods in 77 rodent fleas collected ...
This was associated with B. quintana bacteremia. Although no outbreaks of typhus have been notified yet in the homeless ... a louse-borne disease caused by Bartonella quintana, is reemerging in homeless persons. Epidemic typhus is another life- ... Emergence of Bartonella quintana infection among homeless persons. Emerg Infect Dis 2 : 141-144.. [Google Scholar] ... Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients. N Engl J Med 340 : 184-189.. [Google Scholar] ...
10% of a healthy population exhibit Bartonella henselae and B. quintana IgG titers of 1:64 - 1:128; none show titers of 1:256 ... IgM antibody, the primary immune response to Bartonella, appears early in the infection and is highly diagnostic when present. ...
Serologic cross-reactivity has been demonstrated between Bartonella quintana and Chlamydia pneumoniae. Therefore, the ... Bartonella quintana / isolation & purification*. Case-Control Studies. Chlamydophila Infections / diagnosis, epidemiology, ... Chlamydia pneumoniae, but not Bartonella quintana, is associated with coronary heart disease: results of a French case-control ... Serologic cross-reactivity has been demonstrated between Bartonella quintana and Chlamydia pneumoniae. Therefore, the ...
Bartonella Bartonella Quintana Diagnosis, Differential Dispatch DNA, Bacterial Endocarditis Female Heart Valve Prosthesis ... We describe the first case of Bartonella quintana endocarditis affecting a prosthetic valve in a person with no known risk ... Two cases of Bartonella prosthetic valve endocarditis were cured when treated for 2 weeks with gentamicin and 3 months with ... Bartonella should be considered as a cause of endocarditis in any clinical setting. ...
Bartonella Quintana Communicable Diseases, Emerging Dispatch Ethiopia Female Genotype Genotype C Humans Insect Vectors Lice ... To determine the presence of Bartonella quintana in head and body lice from persons in different locations in Ethiopia, we used ... B. quintana was found in 19 (7%) genotype C head lice and in 76 (18%) genotype A body lice. B. quintana in head lice was ... Bartonella quintana in Body Lice from Scalp Hair of Homeless Persons, France ...
None of the 250 serum samples from blood donors contained antibodies to B. quintana. The presence of antibodies to B. quintana ... quintana, a small gram-negative rod that is transmitted by body lice. Recently, B. quintana infections in homeless patients ... This study demonstrates the presence of antibodies to B. quintana in the homeless population and should alert physicians that B ... From October 1993 to October 1994, the seroprevalence of antibodies to B. quintana was assessed by indirect immunofluorescence ...
Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana seroprevalence in HIV-positive, HIV-negative and clinically healthy volunteers in ... The aims were to determine the IgG and IgM seroprevalences of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana in immunocompromised ... Bartonella is a genus of opportunistic, Gram-negative bacilli transmitted from animals to human hosts. Bartonellae are newly ... HIV-positivity appears to be a significant risk factor for Bartonella infection, compared with healthy subjects. Although IFAs ...
france, bond, site, burial, detection, yersinia, pestis, brief, communication, bartonella, quintana, 11thц15th. ... Bartonella quintana in a 4000-year-old human tooth. J Infect Dis 191:607-611. Duday H. 2008. Archaeological proof of an abrupt ... Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients. N Engl J Med 340:184-189. Byrne JP. 2004. The Black Death. ... Brief communication Co-detection of Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis in an 11thЦ15th burial site in Bondy France.. код ...
Samples of blood and body lice were collected for culture for B. quintana and for serological testing. Bartonella bacteremia ... Bartonella quintana infections have recently reemerged, predominantly among the homeless populations in cities in both Europe ... Bartonella quintana infections have recently reemerged, predominantly among the homeless populations in cities in both Europe ... B. quintana can cause trench fever, endocarditis, and chronic bacteremia; the human body louse is the only known vector. ...
The three most common are cat scratch disease, caused by B. henselae; trench fever, caused by B. quintana; and Carrións ... p>Bartonella bacteria cause several diseases in humans. ... Trench fever, Bartonella quintana. Trench fever is transmitted ... Stray cats may be more likely than pets to carry Bartonella. In the United States, most cases of CSD occur in the fall and ... Cats can be infested with infected fleas that carry Bartonella bacteria. These bacteria can be transmitted from a cat to a ...
The three most common are cat scratch disease, caused by B. henselae; trench fever, caused by B. quintana; and Carrións ... p>Bartonella bacteria cause several diseases in humans. ... Trench fever, Bartonella quintana. *Fever (may occur once or ... Many Bartonella species can cause infection of the heart valves (subacute endocarditis), which is often culture negative. ... Cat scratch disease (CSD), Bartonella henselae. *Low-grade fever. *Enlarged, tender lymph nodes that develop 1-3 weeks after ...
Proposals are therefore made for the creation of Bartonella quintana comb. nov., Bartonella vinsonii comb. nov., Bartonella ... The name Bartonella is retained as the genus name since it has nomenclatural priority over the name Rochalimaea. This means ... When stringent reassociation criteria were used, the levels of relatedness were 0 to 2%. The genera Bartonella and Rochalimaea ... It is proposed that the genus Rochalimaea should be united with the genus Bartonella in the family Bartonellaceae. ...
... , Bartonellaceae, Bartonella Henselae, Bartonella Quintana, Bartonella Bacilliformis, Trench Fever, Oroya Fever, ... Bartonella quintana (organismo), Bartonella quintana, Rickettsia quintana, Rochalimaea quintana. Norwegian. Bartonella quintana ... Bartonella quintana, Rickettsia quintana, Rochalimaea quintana. Russian. BARTONELLA QUINTANA, RICKETTSIA QUINTANA, ROCHALIMAEA ... BARTONELLA QUINTANA, Bartonella quintana (organism), Rochalimea quintana -RETIRED-. French. Rochalimaea quintana, Bartonella ...
Bartonella quintana Endocarditis of the Aortic Valve: First case report in Turkey ... no endocarditis cases caused by Bartonella spp. have been reported yet. Herein, a case of first B. quintana endocarditis in ... Endocarditis caused by Bartonella strains has been increasingly reported. While a few sporadic case reports associated with B. ...
Several outbreaks of trench fever caused by Bartonella quintana, occurred in soldiers during World Wars I and II. Although the ... Detection of Bartonella quintana infection among the Homeless Population in Tokyo, Japan, from 2013-2015 Toshinori Sasaki 1 , ... Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients. Brouqui P, Lascola B, Roux V, Raoult D. Brouqui P, et al. N Engl J ... Bartonella quintana and urban trench fever. Ohl ME, Spach DH. Ohl ME, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Jul;31(1):131-5. doi: ...
Bacteriological diagnosis of Bartonella quintana endocarditis was performed by molecular methods retrospectively after the ... This case report underlines the severity and difficulty of the diagnosis of Bartonella quintana endocarditis. The clinical ... picture suggested possible Bartonella quintana associated myocarditis, a feature that should be considered in new cases. ... Bartonella spp. infection is not rare and must be considered with great care in patients with suspected infective endocarditis ...
Bartonella henselae,. - Bartonella quintana,. - Bordetella pertussis,. - Borrelia burgdorferi,. - Borrelia burgdorferi sensu ...
  • Bartonella quintana, originally known as Rochalimaea quintana, and "Rickettsia quintana", is a bacterium transmitted by the human body louse that causes trench fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • This bacterial species caused outbreaks of trench fever affecting 1 million soldiers in Europe during World War I. B. quintana had an estimated genome size of 1,700 to 2,174 kb. (wikipedia.org)
  • In trench fever or B. quintana-induced endocarditis patients, bacillary angiomatosis lesions are also seen. (wikipedia.org)
  • In an outbreak of urban trench fever among homeless people in Marseilles, B. quintana infections were associated with body lice in patients with nonspecific symptoms or no symptoms. (nih.gov)
  • Body lice infestation is linked to poor hygiene in homeless persons and persons engaged in war, as has been reported in several circumstances since trench fever was first described during World War I. B. quintana causes trench fever, chronic bacteremia, and endocarditis in homeless and alcoholic patients ( 2 ) and bacillary angiomatosis in both HIV-infected and immunocompetent patients ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Bartonella quintana , a pathogen that is restricted to human hosts and louse vectors, was first characterized as the agent of trench fever. (cdc.gov)
  • When trench fever was first described in 1915, its etiologic agent was called Rickettsia quintana or R. volhynica ( 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Trench fever, a louse-borne disease caused by Bartonella quintana, is reemerging in homeless persons. (ajtmh.org)
  • Trench fever is caused by Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana, a small gram-negative rod that is transmitted by body lice. (semanticscholar.org)
  • B with the Wildlife Protection and Proper Hunting Act, by artonella quintana is the causative agent of trench using large hand-made cage traps and commercial cage fever, which is characterized in humans by headache, traps (no. (cdc.gov)
  • Several outbreaks of trench fever caused by Bartonella quintana, occurred in soldiers during World Wars I and II. (cdc.gov)
  • Although, B. quintana , historically the agent of trench fever, is usually transmitted by body lice, some patients have had no apparent louse exposure. (springer.com)
  • Bartonella quintana infection (historically called 'trench fever') is a vector-borne disease primarily transmitted by the human body louse. (europa.eu)
  • Bartonella quintana , the agent of trench fever and a cause of endocarditis and bacillary angiomatosis in humans, has the highest reported in vitro hemin requirement for any bacterium. (asm.org)
  • Trench fever is an arthropod-borne disease caused by Bartonella quintana and occurs about 10 days following the bite of an infected body louse ( Pediculus humanus ) ( 14 ). (asm.org)
  • Bartonella quintana , known for some time as a cause of trench fever, is also associated with CSD and bacillary angiomatosis (BA). (labcorp.com)
  • Human body and head lice are highly related haematophagous ectoparasites but only the body louse has been shown to transmit Bartonella quintana, the causative agent of trench fever. (pubfacts.com)
  • Trench fever (also known as "five-day fever", "quintan fever" (Latin: febris quintana), and "urban trench fever") is a moderately serious disease transmitted by body lice. (wikipedia.org)
  • This made sense, Dr. Koehler said, because B. quintana was known to cause trench fever, which is transmitted by body lice, in soldiers during World War I. (bwfund.org)
  • Of the 18 samples, they found three contained DNA from Bartonella quintana, the pathogen responsible for trench fever. (mnn.com)
  • A major role in B. quintana infection is its lipopolysaccharide covering which is an antagonist of the toll-like receptor 4. (wikipedia.org)
  • B. quintana infection has subsequently been seen in every continent except Antarctica. (wikipedia.org)
  • Serological evidence of B. quintana infection showed, of hospitalized homeless patients, 16% were infected, as opposed to 1.8% of nonhospitalized homeless persons, and 0% of blood donors at large. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinical manifestations of B. quintana infection are highly variable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rarely is B. quintana infection fatal, unless endocarditis develops and goes untreated. (wikipedia.org)
  • To have a definite diagnosis of infection with B. quintana requires either serological cultures or nucleic acid amplification techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study, the first to detect B. quintana in a nonhuman mammal, changes our understanding of the epidemiology of this infection and proposes that cats may be an emerging source of human infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Rare cases of chronic lymph node infection caused by B. quintana were also reported ( 4 , 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • What is missing from these puzzling cases of B. quintana infection, however, is documentation of B. quintana in a cat. (cdc.gov)
  • Infection with B. quintana has not been previously reported in Australia. (asm.org)
  • Bartonella quintana is a rare cause of culture-negative endovascular infection, characterised by intracellular persistence. (bmj.com)
  • We describe a case of ascending aortic prosthetic graft infection due to B. quintana , in a patient with past unrecognised necrotising aortitis, which was successfully treated with doxycycline monotherapy. (bmj.com)
  • Emergence of Bartonella quintana infection among homeless persons. (ajtmh.org)
  • IgM antibody, the primary immune response to Bartonella, appears early in the infection and is highly diagnostic when present. (specialtylabs.com)
  • Antibodies to both C. pneumoniae and B. quintana were found in nine subjects (seven cases and two controls), suggesting co-infection rather than cross-reactivity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We describe the first case of Bartonella quintana endocarditis affecting a prosthetic valve in a person with no known risk factors for this infection. (cdc.gov)
  • HIV-positivity appears to be a significant risk factor for Bartonella infection, compared with healthy subjects. (scielo.org.za)
  • Ticks may carry some species of Bartonella bacteria, but there is currently no causal evidence that ticks can transmit Bartonella infection to people through their bites. (cdc.gov)
  • Bacillary angiomatosis (caused by B. henselae or B. quintana ) and bacillary peliosis (caused by B. henselae ) occur primarily in people with weakened immune systems, such as those with advanced HIV infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Many Bartonella species can cause infection of the heart valves (subacute endocarditis), which is often culture negative. (cdc.gov)
  • B. quintana infection. (cdc.gov)
  • A gram-negative bacterial infection caused by Bartonella bacilliformis. (fpnotebook.com)
  • The current prevalence of B. quintana infection in Japan is unclear. (cdc.gov)
  • B. quintana infection was detected in samples obtained between 2013 and 2015 in Tokyo and needs to be on the list of differential diagnoses performed for febrile homeless individuals. (cdc.gov)
  • Drancourt M , Moal V , Brunet P , Dussol B , Berland Y , Raoult D . Bartonella ( Rochalimaea ) quintana infection in a seronegative hemodialyzed patient. (cdc.gov)
  • Gurfield AN , Boulouis HJ , Chomel BB , Kasten RW , Heller R , Bouillin C , Epidemiology of Bartonella infection in domestic cats in France. (cdc.gov)
  • https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/212737-overview Bacillary angiomatosis is a vascular, proliferative form of Bartonella infection that occurs primarily in immunocompromised persons. (madisonarealymesupportgroup.com)
  • Concurrent infection of the central nervous system by Borrelia burgdorferi and Bartonella henselae: evidence for a novel tick-borne disease complex. (google.com)
  • Investigation of Bartonella infection in ixodid ticks from California. (google.com)
  • Immune response of neonatal specific pathogen-free cats to experimental infection with Bartonella henselae. (nih.gov)
  • Experimental infection of young specific pathogen-free cats with Bartonella henselae. (nih.gov)
  • In addition, several private laboratories offer serological testing, but none of these private laboratory tests has been evaluated for sensitivity or specificity with sera from HIV-infected patients with culture-documented Bartonella infection. (nih.gov)
  • Note that as many as 25% of Bartonella culture-positive patients never develop antibodies in the setting of advanced HIV infection. (nih.gov)
  • 4 In those patients who do develop anti- Bartonella antibodies, monitoring of antibody levels can correlate with resolution and recrudescence of Bartonella infection. (nih.gov)
  • In light of these problems, a laboratory diagnosis of a Bartonella infection is generally made by serology ( 5 ) or molecular approaches ( 7 ). (asm.org)
  • Our observation has direct consequences when, e.g., infection experiments are performed with such liquid-grown Bartonella spp. (asm.org)
  • Here's my take away from this study: If someone with a tick bite tests negative for Lyme but continues to have chronic symptoms like those I've highlighted above, a weird striated rash (like the one pictured below), swollen lymph nodes, or has been diagnosed with fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue and/or myalgic encephalomyelitis, it would be wise to be tested for a Bartonella infection. (lymedisease.org)
  • When this cutoff was applied to 156 patients with blood culture-negative endocarditis, we were able to diagnose Bartonella infections in an additional 45 patients with definite endocarditis for whom a positive Bartonella serology was the only evidence of infection. (asm.org)
  • B. quintana has adapted to both the human host and body louse vector niches, producing persistent infection with high titer bacterial loads in both the host (up to 105 colony-forming units [CFU]/ml) and vector (more than 108 CFU/ml). (ucsf.edu)
  • An outbreak of bacteremia due to B. quintana has been reported among homeless people in Seattle, and the seroprevalence is high among homeless people in both the United States and Europe. (nih.gov)
  • This was associated with B. quintana bacteremia. (ajtmh.org)
  • Bartonella quintana Bacteremia among homeless people. (ajtmh.org)
  • Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana bacteremia in inner-city patients with chronic alcoholism. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Bartonella bacteremia was associated with sweats, evidence of louse infestation, serological tests that were positive for B. quintana , and high titers of B. quintana antibody. (oup.com)
  • 2. Brouqui P, Lascola B, Roux V, Raoult D. Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients. (cdc.gov)
  • Bartonella henselae prevalence in domestic cats in California: Risk factors and association between bacteremia and antibody titers. (labcorp.com)
  • 1. "Certain Bartonella species are known to cause afebrile bacteremia in humans… Reports have indicated that animal-associated Bartonella species may cause paucisymptomatic bacteremia and endocarditis in humans. (lymedisease.org)
  • 3. They noted, "Chronic bacteremia caused by B. quintana causes few obvious symptoms apart from generalized fatigue and nonspecific leg pain. (lymedisease.org)
  • 6. The authors state it is crucial to determine whether Bartonella is involved "because treatment for chronic Bartonella bacteremia (as for B. quintana) is particularly arduous and may require six weeks of doxycycline treatment together with three weeks of gentamicin, as these are the only antimicrobial drugs known to be effective in eradication of Bartonella. (lymedisease.org)
  • and B. quintana causes chronic bacteremia and bacillary angiomatosis ( 20 ). (asm.org)
  • R. quintana was classified in the genus Rochalimaea , tribe Rickettsiae , family Rickettsiaceae . (cdc.gov)
  • proposed unifying the genera Bartonella and Rochalimaea ( 9 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The 1984 edition of Bergey ' s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology lists only one species of Bartonella ( B. bacilliformis ) ( 13 ) and two species of Rochalimaea ( R. quintana and R. vinsonii ) ( 18 ), which were later included in the Bartonella genus. (asm.org)
  • Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana endocarditis in three homeless men. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Bartonella (Rochalimaea) species as a cause of apparent 'culture-negative' endocarditis. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana isolation in patient with chronic adenopathy, lymphopenia, and a cat. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Proposals To Unify the Genera Bartonella and Rochalimaea, with Descriptions of Bartonella quintana comb. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The levels of relatedness of Rickettsia prowazekii to Rochalimaea species and to Bartonella bacilliformis under optimal conditions for DNA reassociation were 0 to 14%, with 25.5% or greater divergence in related sequences. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The genera Bartonella and Rochalimaea are currently classified in different families (the Bartonellaceae and the Rickettsiaceae ) in the order Rickettsiales. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • On the basis of DNA relatedness data, previous 16S rRNA sequence data, guanine-plus-cytosine contents, and phenotypic characteristics, neither Bartonella bacilliformis nor Rochalimaea species are closely related to other organisms currently classified in the order Rickettsiales. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Previous 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data revealed high levels of relatedness between Bartonella bacilliformis and the four Rochalimaea species, indicating that these species are members of a single genus. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • It is proposed that the genus Rochalimaea should be united with the genus Bartonella in the family Bartonellaceae. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The name Bartonella is retained as the genus name since it has nomenclatural priority over the name Rochalimaea. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The genus Rochalimaea, once considered a separate genus, has recently been combined with the genus Bartonella as a result of high levels of relatedness in 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Bartonella (formerly Rochalimaea ) henselae has become firmly established as the primary etiologic agent for cat scratch disease (CSD). (labcorp.com)
  • OS Bartonella quintana (strain Toulouse) (Rochalimaea quintana). (genome.jp)
  • Blood was collected for microimmunofluorescence testing for antibodies against B. quintana and for culture of the bacterium. (nih.gov)
  • Therefore, the association between antibodies to C. pneumoniae and coronary heart disease (CHD) as described in the literature may be due to antibodies cross-reacting with B. quintana. (biomedsearch.com)
  • To investigate this hypothesis, we evaluated, in a case-control study, the prevalence of C. pneumoniae and B. quintana antibodies among 296 cases with angiographically significant artery lesions and 170 controls without angiographically demonstrable coronary artery disease. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A serum with antibodies against B. quintana (Euroimmun, Lubeck, Germany) was used as a positive control for IFA. (cdc.gov)
  • Serum samples from 437 healthy individuals of both sexes aged from 5 to 92 years old, living in the county of Piau, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil were tested for the presence of R. rickettsii , R. typhi , C. burnetii phase I and phase II, B. henselae , B. quintana , and E. chaffeensis IgG and IgM antibodies. (fiocruz.br)
  • Sander A, Posselt M, Oberle K, Bredt W. Seroprevalence of antibodies to Bartonella henselae in patients with cat scratch disease and in healthy controls: Evaluation and comparison of two commercial serological tests. (labcorp.com)
  • Antibodies to Bartonella Species in Inner-city Intravenous Drug Users in Baltimore, Md". Archives of Internal Medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • A titer of ≥1:800 for immunoglobulin G antibodies to either Bartonella henselae or B. quintana has a positive predictive value of 0.810 for the detection of chronic Bartonella infections in the general population and a value of 0.955 for the detection of Bartonella infections among patients with endocarditis. (asm.org)
  • In conclusion, we recommend the determination of antibodies to both B. quintana and B. henselae and the use of a cutoff value of 1:800 for the diagnosis of Bartonella endocarditis. (asm.org)
  • For the diagnosis of endocarditis, we use a titer of ≥1:1,600 for IgG antibodies to either B. quintana or B. henselae . (asm.org)
  • The etiological diagnosis of Bartonella was suggested by detection of high titers of antibodies by immunofluorescence and Western blotting. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • proposed unifying the Bartonella and Grahamella genera ( 10 ), and the 2 established Grahamella species, Grahamella talpae and G. peromysci , were renamed as Bartonella species. (cdc.gov)
  • Bacteria of the genus Bartonella are considered emerging pathogens, as many new species and subspecies have been recognized in humans and other mammals in recent years. (asm.org)
  • Conventional microbiological techniques were used for microscopy and culture of aortic valve tissue material and for presumptive identification of the cultured strain (1300/02) as a Bartonella species. (asm.org)
  • The hypervariable 16S/23S intergenic spacer (ITS) region of Bartonella species was amplified by PCR, using primers 321s and 983as as previously described ( 10 ). (asm.org)
  • We described for the first time in this country Bartonella quintana , B. koehlerae , B. taylorii , and Rickettsia felis in fleas from the gerbil species Meriones lybicus , and B. elizabethae and B. doshiae in rat fleas. (ajtmh.org)
  • Survey of Bartonella species infecting intradomicillary animals in the Huayllacallán valley, Ancash, Peru, a region endemic for human bartonellosis. (ajtmh.org)
  • Rapid identification and differentiation of Bartonella species using a single-step PCR assay. (cdc.gov)
  • 3. Birtles RJ, Raoult D. Comparison of partial citrate synthase gene (gltA) sequences for phylogenetic analysis of Bartonella species. (cdc.gov)
  • Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Bartonella genus level. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Novel chemically modified liquid medium that will support the growth of seven Bartonella species. (cdc.gov)
  • RESULTS: Patients residing in a Lyme-endemic area of New Jersey with ongoing symptoms attributed to chronic Lyme disease were evaluated for possible coinfection with Bartonella species. (google.com)
  • Detection and identification of Ehrlichia, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, and Bartonella species in Dutch Ixodes ricinus ticks. (google.com)
  • Bartonella species are intracellular bacteria capable of producing several diseases in humans. (pubfacts.com)
  • 1,2 Twenty-four species and three subspecies of Bartonella have been isolated and are officially recognized ( http://www.bacterio.cict.fr/b/bartonella.html ), and eight have been isolated from humans. (nih.gov)
  • Bartonella species can be isolated (with difficulty) from blood, using ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) tubes. (nih.gov)
  • Human- and animal-pathogenic Bartonella species are fastidious and slow-growing bacteria difficult to isolate and cultivate. (asm.org)
  • are important pathogens in human and veterinary medicine, of which B. henselae and B. quintana are considered to represent the most-relevant human-pathogenic Bartonella species ( 8 ). (asm.org)
  • Three of the strains were B. henselae and three were from other animal-associated Bartonella species (B. doshiae, B. schoenbuchensis, and B. tribocorum). (lymedisease.org)
  • She identified two species of bacteria, Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana. (bwfund.org)
  • And in 1999, researchers who described a new Bartonella species isolated from cats named it after her: Bartonella koehlerae. (bwfund.org)
  • [2] [3] Facultative intracellular parasites , Bartonella species can infect healthy people, but are considered especially important as opportunistic pathogens . (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] Bartonella species are transmitted by vectors such as ticks , fleas , sand flies , and mosquitoes . (wikipedia.org)
  • At least eight Bartonella species or subspecies are known to infect humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bartonella species have been infecting humans for thousands of years, as demonstrated by Bartonella quintana DNA in a 4000-year-old tooth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though some studies have found "no definitive evidence of transmission by a tick to a vertebrate host," [7] [8] Bartonella species are well-known to be transmissible to both animals and humans through various other vectors, such as fleas, lice, and sand flies. (wikipedia.org)
  • [11] All current Bartonella species identified in canines are human pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment is dependent on which species or strain of Bartonella is found in a given patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Bartonella species are susceptible to a number of standard antibiotics in vitro - macrolides and tetracycline , for example - the efficacy of antibiotic treatment in immunocompetent individuals is uncertain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bartonella species are small gram-negative intracellular organisms. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Three species cause the majority of human disease, and each causes a distinct clinical syndrome: Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana and Bartonella bacilliformis. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Due to the fastidious nature of Bartonella species and their high degrees of antibiotic susceptibility, cultures of clinical samples most often remain sterile and valvular biopsy specimens, the best specimens for PCR amplification, are seldom available. (asm.org)
  • Four Bartonella species (primarily Bartonella quintana and B. henselae and, in one case each, B. elizabethae [ 5 ] and B. vinsonii subsp. (asm.org)
  • Moreover, the specificity of the serological method has been questioned due to cross-reactions among Bartonella species and between Bartonella species and Coxiella burnetii ( 16 ) and Chlamydia species ( 21 ). (asm.org)
  • There are now 19 species within the genus Bartonella ( 11 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Overall, Bartonella DNA was detected in 15.5% of gerbil fleas and 40.5% of rat fleas, whereas Rickettsia felis was found in 9% of gerbil fleas. (ajtmh.org)
  • n. ricketsia, rickettsia, uno de los organismos gram-negativos que se reproducen solamente en células huéspedes de pulgas, piojos, garrapatas y ratones, y que se transmiten a humanos a través de las mordidas de éstos. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Rolain JM , Franc M , Davoust B , Raoult D . Molecular detection of Bartonella quintana, B. koehlerae, B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae, Rickettsia felis and Wolbachia pipientis in cat fleas, France. (cdc.gov)
  • We describe a serosurvey for Rickettsia rickettsii , R. typhi , Coxiella burnetii , Bartonella henselae , B. quintana , and Ehrlichia chaffeensis in 437 healthy people from a Brazilian rural community. (fiocruz.br)
  • Until recently the rickettsiales order comprised the genus Rickettsia , Coxiella , Bartonella , Orientia , Anaplasma , and Ehrlichia (Raoult & Roux 1997) and despite of the resulting withdraw of some of them from this order especially due to 16S rRNA studies, they all can be functionally considered rickettsial agents (Raoult & Roux 1997, Walker 2004b). (fiocruz.br)
  • The disease is caused by the bacterium Bartonella quintana (older names: Rochalimea quintana, Rickettsia quintana), found in the stomach walls of the body louse. (wikipedia.org)
  • We test our hypothesis by undertaking a comparative genomics approach to analyze bacteria in the genera Borrelia, Rickettsia, Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Francisella, Coxiella , and Bartonella , conducting the most comprehensive study examining tick transmissibility to-date. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Using polymerase chain reaction and sequencing, we investigated the prevalence of Rickettsia prowazekii, Bartonella quintana, and Borrelia recurrentis in 841 body lice collected from various countries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Rochalimea quintana , Rickettsia quintana ), found in the stomach walls of the body louse. (bionity.com)
  • Treatment of bartonellosis caused by Bartonella bacilliformis . (drugs.com)
  • Bartonella bacilliformis is the agent of bartonellosis, which has two phases: Oroya fever and verruga peruana. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • sequence of the ITS-1 fragment amplified by standard PCR and phylogenetic analysis with maximum-likelihood method and 1,000 bootstrap replicates, performed using MEGA software version 6 (5), confirmed the bacteria as B. quintana (GenBank accession no. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Cats can be infested with infected fleas that carry Bartonella bacteria. (cdc.gov)
  • The papers reviews the literature on bartonellosis and a role of Ixodes ticks, including the representatives of the genus Ixodes, in the circulation and transmission of Bartonella bacteria. (google.com)
  • It shows that man can be infected with pathogenic Bartonella bacteria by the bite of ticks. (google.com)
  • Bartonella is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria . (wikipedia.org)
  • Every five days, some of the Bartonella bacteria in the endothelial cells are released into the blood stream, where they infect erythrocytes . (wikipedia.org)
  • However, over the past 3 years we have identified one case of culture-positive and two cases of culture-negative endocarditis due to B. quintana . (asm.org)
  • Since microbial gene sequencing was utilized for etiologic diagnosis of culture-negative endocarditis, cases of Bartonella endocarditis have been reported in various countries. (koreamed.org)
  • 4 Bartonella is a relatively common cause of culture-negative endocarditis in immunocompetent and immunocompromised humans and is most commonly caused by B. quintana and, less frequently, B. henselae . (nih.gov)
  • Guidelines for the treatment of B. quintana infections are presented. (cdc.gov)
  • More recently, reports have indicated the reemergence of B. quintana infections among the homeless population in cities in both Europe and the United States ( 7 , 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Major predisposing factors for new B. quintana infections include poor living conditions and chronic alcoholism ( 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • louseborne B. quintana is the main microorganism associated with infections in homeless persons (1). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Recently, B. quintana infections in homeless patients have been reported in the United States and Europe. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Hemin-binding proteins as potent markers for serological diagnosis of infections with Bartonella quintana. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Epidemiological studies on Bartonella quintana infections among homeless people in Tokyo, Japan. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Bartonella quintana infections have recently reemerged, predominantly among the homeless populations in cities in both Europe and the United States. (oup.com)
  • Vectors of Bartonella infections include fleas, body lice, and sand flies. (cdc.gov)
  • Patients were tested for B. quintana infections using culture method, polymerase chain reaction, and indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). (cdc.gov)
  • Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae have been recognized as the causative agents of opportunistic infections, such as bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis hepatitis and bacteraemia, in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). (springer.com)
  • Given these above mentioned facts and the much-appropriated local ecologic conditions for rickettsial infections we choose this particular region for studying the seroprevalence rates for R. typhi , C. burnetii , B. henselae , B. quintana , and E. chaffeensis as well as R. rickettsii infections among healthy individuals from a Brazilian rural community. (fiocruz.br)
  • In addition, B. quintana infections have been reported in both immunocompromised individuals as well as in immunocompetent patients ( 54 ). (asm.org)
  • Skin manifestations of Bartonella infections. (springer.com)
  • However, only B. henselae and B. quintana infections have been identified in HIV-infected patients. (nih.gov)
  • Molecular epidemiology of bartonella infections in patients with bacillary angiomatosis-peliosis. (medscape.com)
  • Bartonella infections are remarkable in the wide range of symptoms they can produce. (wikipedia.org)
  • Homeless intravenous drug users are at high risk for Bartonella infections, particularly B. elizabethae . (wikipedia.org)
  • The most widely used method for the laboratory diagnosis of Bartonella infections is serology, with indirect immunofluorescence being the reference technique ( 26 ). (asm.org)
  • In our laboratory, two cutoff values are used for the diagnosis of Bartonella infections. (asm.org)
  • Bartonella quintana is a fastidious organism that is distributed worldwide and is transmitted to humans via several arthropod vectors. (asm.org)
  • In 10 of 71 homeless patients (14 percent), blood cultures were positive for B. quintana, and 21 of the patients (30 percent) had high titers of antibody against the organism. (nih.gov)
  • The reemergence of B. quintana as an organism of medical importance has also been noted recently. (asm.org)
  • Bartonella henselae is the organism responsible for cat scratch disease . (wikipedia.org)
  • Freeze- radically in urban areas, mainly among homeless persons, thawed blood samples were spread onto chocolate agar drug-addicted persons, and HIV-positive patients in Europe plates ( 8 ) for isolation of Bartonella spp. (cdc.gov)
  • These procedures yielded isolation of two microorganisms that were identified as Bartonella quintana and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). (springer.com)
  • Isolation and characterization of Bartonella quintana from parotid gland of an immunocompetent man. (unipa.it)
  • We describe a case of the isolation of Bartonella quintana from the parotid gland of an apparently healthy man. (unipa.it)
  • Isolation of a new subspecies, Bartonella vinsonii subsp. (nih.gov)
  • 5. In summary, their "major finding is the isolation of zoonotic Bartonella other than B. quintana in the blood of patients with poorly qualified syndromes. (lymedisease.org)
  • Although IFAs have a high sensitivity for Bartonella antibody detection, they have various limitations including cross-reactivity with other closely-related human pathogens. (scielo.org.za)
  • Furthermore, we compared the kinetics of the antibody responses to Bartonella spp. (asm.org)
  • Although a definite diagnosis of Bartonella endocarditis relies on culture, PCR, or immunohistochemical analysis of valvular biopsy specimens, we have previously demonstrated that such an antibody titer has a positive predictive value of 0.884 ( 25 ). (asm.org)
  • Serology, mainly the indirect immunofluorescence antibody (IFA) assay, is an excellent tool for its diagnosis ( 7 ), but cross-reactivity among Bartonella spp. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate Bartonella henselae as a potential human tick-borne pathogen and to evaluate its role as a coinfecting agent of the central nervous system in the presence of neuroborreliosis. (google.com)
  • RT "The louse-borne human pathogen Bartonella quintana is a genomic RT derivative of the zoonotic agent Bartonella henselae. (genome.jp)
  • The bacterial pathogen Bartonella quintana is passed between humans by body lice. (ucsf.edu)
  • Another investigation found a 4.5% prevalence of B. quintana in cat fleas collected in France ( 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Detection of novel Bartonella strains and Yersinia pestis in prairie dogs and their fleas (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae and Pulicidae) using multiplex polymerase chain reaction. (ajtmh.org)
  • Stevenson HL , Bai Y , Kosoy MY , Montenieri JA , Lowell JL , Chu MC , Detection of novel Bartonella strains and Yersinia pestis in prairie dogs and their fleas (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae and Pulicidae) using multiplex polymerase chain reaction. (cdc.gov)
  • Bartonella henselae is the cause of cat scratch disease (CSD), which is associated with a history of exposure to cats, especially kittens, and their fleas. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Clinical diagnosis relies on a combination of epidemiological and clinical features such as male sex, homelessness, chronic alcoholism, contact with body lice and the absence of a previously known valvulopathy for B. quintana , and contact with cats or cat fleas and the presence of a previously known valvulopathy for B. henselae ( 10 ). (asm.org)
  • The aims were to determine the IgG and IgM seroprevalences of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana in immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals using an immunofluorescence assay (IFA). (scielo.org.za)
  • Bartonella is a genus of opportunistic, Gram-negative bacilli transmitted from animals to human hosts. (scielo.org.za)
  • Recent concern is the possibility of the emergence of new strains of B. quintana through horizontal gene transfer, which could result in the acquisition of other virulence factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endocarditis caused by Bartonella strains has been increasingly reported. (gazi.edu.tr)
  • France" to be published March 2016 in Emerging Infectious Disease Journal, CDC researchers report that they have identified six strains of Bartonella in patients with chronic subjective symptoms and a history of tick bites. (lymedisease.org)
  • We selected in vitro erythromycin-resistant strains of Bartonella henselae . (asm.org)
  • Body lice were collected and analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction and sequencing of a portion of the citrate synthase gene of B. quintana. (nih.gov)
  • A total of 1253 ixodid ticks (254 tick pools) collected between the end of 1995 and the spring of 1997 from six California counties (El Dorado, Los Angeles, Orange, Santa Cruz, Shasta and Sonoma) were examined for the presence of Bartonella DNA by PCR of the citrate synthase gene. (google.com)
  • Survey of the seroprevalence of Bartonella quintana in homeless people. (ajtmh.org)
  • article{Brouqui1996SurveyOT, title={Survey of the seroprevalence of Bartonella quintana in homeless people. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Prevalence and diversity of Bartonella in rodents of northern Thailand: a comparison with Bartonella in rodents from southern China. (ajtmh.org)
  • The diagnosis of Bartonella quintana BA was confirmed by serum polymerase chain reaction. (madisonarealymesupportgroup.com)
  • Blood cultures were negative, but the length of incubation was only 10 days, because the diagnosis of Bartonella endocarditis was not suspected. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Detection of Bartonella quintana from body lice ( Anoplura: Pediculidae ) infesting homeless people in Tokyo by molecular technique. (ajtmh.org)
  • Brief communication Co-detection of Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis in an 11thЦ15th burial site in Bondy France. (docme.ru)
  • Detection of Bartonella DNA in tissue specimens by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay or of Bartonella antigens by immunohistochemical methods is diagnostic. (madisonarealymesupportgroup.com)
  • Rapid, Sensitive Detection of Bartonella quintana by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification of the groEL Gene. (pubfacts.com)
  • In order to determine the best cutoff value for serology and its predictive values for the detection of Bartonella endocarditis, we studied 48 patients with culture- and/or PCR-confirmed Bartonella endocarditis. (asm.org)
  • Immunoglobulin G against B. quintana was detected in 10 patients (34.5%) at a cut-off titer of 1:256 in IFA. (cdc.gov)
  • The serology showed an IgG titer of 1:400 against all the Bartonella antigens tested. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that targets fragments of the pap31 gene, the 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer (ITS) ( 6 , 7 ), and 2 other genomic regions ( 8 ), we identified B. quintana in a cat. (cdc.gov)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid polymerase chain reaction did not detect B henselae or B quintana . (aappublications.org)
  • Osteomyelitis is usually caused by B. quintana , and only B. henselae can cause bacillary peliosis hepatis. (nih.gov)
  • Thus, B. quintana is considered a further characterization. (cdc.gov)
  • Here, we describe the discovery, characterization, and optimization of a liquid growth medium for Bartonella spp. (asm.org)
  • Bartonella quintana is increasingly recognized as a cause of clinical disease in various geographical locations. (asm.org)
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae, but not Bartonella quintana, is associated with coronary heart disease: results of a French case-control study. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, in spite of B. quintana 's emerging status, little is known about the pathogen's current reservoir and vector of transmission, although exposure to lice appears to correlate with incidence of disease ( 30 ). (asm.org)
  • Cat scratch disease (CSD) is typically a subacute, regional lymphadenitis caused by Bartonella henselae that is seen in children and young adults. (aappublications.org)
  • Bartonella spp cause several different diseases, including cat-scratch disease (CSD). (arupconsult.com)
  • So here we had evidence that both B. henselae and B. quintana were causing the same disease," she said. (bwfund.org)
  • B. quintana tends to cause more tender, erythematous subcutaneous nodules, whereas B. henselae caused more lymphadenitis and hepatosplenic disease (a pattern expected from their disease manifestations in immunocompetent persons as well). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Bartonella endocarditis is a disease of emerging importance that causes serious complications and high rates of mortality. (asm.org)
  • Comparison of the proliferation and excretion of Bartonella quintana between body and head lice following oral challenge. (pubfacts.com)
  • To determine the presence of Bartonella quintana in head and body lice from persons in different locations in Ethiopia, we used molecular methods. (cdc.gov)
  • Herein, a case of first B. quintana endocarditis in Turkey, diagnosed using molecular methods, was presented. (gazi.edu.tr)
  • Parola P , Shpynov S , Montoya M , Lopez M , Houpikian P , Zeaiter Z , First molecular evidence of new Bartonella spp. (cdc.gov)
  • Molecular detection of B. quintana using standard PCR targeting the 16S-23S intergenic spacer region [ 3 ] was positive for the cutaneous biopsy and had 100% homology with B. quintana strainFuller (Genbank accession number L35100). (springer.com)
  • The condition is caused by the bacterium Bartonella quintana, a close relative of the bug that causes cat scratch fever. (denverpost.com)
  • Bartonella henselae-specific DNA was also detected in live deer ticks obtained from the households of 2 of these patients. (google.com)
  • Bartonella PCR-positive ticks were identified in five counties but none of the ticks from Los Angeles County was positive. (google.com)
  • Among the 54 Dermacentor occidentalis grouped in 12 pools from Orange County, one pool (8.3%) was PCR positive for Bartonella and similarly one pool (14.3%) was positive among the 30 Dermacentor variabilis ticks grouped in seven pools. (google.com)
  • Following our previous findings of Bartonella PCR-positive adult I. pacificus ticks in central coastal California, this is the first preliminary report of the presence of Bartonella DNA in I. pacificus nymphs and in Dermacentor sp. (google.com)
  • Distribution of Bartonella among ixodid ticks appears widespread in California. (google.com)
  • Lice have been demonstrated, as of recently, to be the key component in transmitting B. quintana. (wikipedia.org)
  • This has been attributed to living in unsanitary conditions and crowded areas, where the risk of coming into contact with other individuals carrying B. quintana and ectoparasites (body lice) is increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body lice are known to be the vectors of B. quintana. (nih.gov)
  • Tests of lice from 3 of the 15 patients from whom they were collected were positive for B. quintana. (nih.gov)
  • We investigated the presence of B. quintana and TGR in body lice collected from homeless persons in Bogota and these persons' exposure to such microorganisms. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Samples of blood and body lice were collected for culture for B. quintana and for serological testing. (oup.com)
  • In 2015, we investigated Bartonella quintana and typhus group rickettsiae in body lice from homeless persons in Bogotá, Colombia. (pubfacts.com)
  • The mechanisms by which body lice became a vector for B. quintana, however, are poorly understood. (pubfacts.com)
  • Using this approach, we were able to confirm the presence of R. prowazekii in lice collected from refugees in Burundi, among whom typhus was epidemic, and the presence of B. quintana in lice collected from all locations except the Congo. (asm.org)
  • To avoid exposure to B. quintana , HIV-infected patients should avoid body lice and, if infected, treat the infestation. (nih.gov)
  • Serologic cross-reactivity has been demonstrated between Bartonella quintana and Chlamydia pneumoniae. (biomedsearch.com)
  • While the disorder is treatable and curable, it may be life threatening if untreated… Lesions can also occur in the oral mucosa https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2017/10/01/bartonella-in-mouth-of-hiv-infected-man/ , tongue, oropharynx, nose, penis, and anus. (madisonarealymesupportgroup.com)
  • Of these, B. quintana , B. elizabethae , B. koehlerae , and R. felis are recognized human pathogens. (ajtmh.org)
  • nov., and Bartonella elizabethae comb. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • This particle contains a 14-kb linear DNA segment, but its function in Bartonella pathophysiology is still unknown. (wikipedia.org)
  • None of the nine tick pools positive for Ehrlichia phagocytophila were positive for Bartonella. (google.com)
  • Bartonella quintana is closely related to Bartonella henselae, the agent of cat scratch fever and bacillary angiomatosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Then, CFUs as the only competent vector for B. quintana in humans, 2 per milliliter of blood were calculated. (cdc.gov)
  • Bartonella -specific PCRs that targeted the gltA ( 9 ) and Humans were thought to be the unique natural reser- rpoB ( 10 ) genes and the 16S-23S rDNA intergenic tran- voir for B. quintana ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • 2 The body louse serves as the vector of B. quintana in humans. (nih.gov)
  • 2 In contrast, BA caused by B. quintana is associated with body louse infestation and homelessness. (nih.gov)
  • They also proposed removing the unified genus Bartonella from the Rickettsiales order. (cdc.gov)
  • Bartonella quintana and Typhus Group Rickettsiae Exposure among Homeless Persons, Bogota, Colombia. (thefreelibrary.com)