Bartonella quintana: A species of gram-negative bacteria in which man is the primary host and the human body louse, Pediculus humanus, the principal vector. It is the etiological agent of TRENCH FEVER.Trench Fever: An intermittent fever characterized by intervals of chills, fever, and splenomegaly each of which may last as long as 40 hours. It is caused by BARTONELLA QUINTANA and transmitted by the human louse.Bartonella: A genus of gram-negative bacteria characteristically appearing in chains of several segmenting organisms. It occurs in man and arthropod vectors and is found only in the Andes region of South America. This genus is the etiologic agent of human bartonellosis. The genus Rochalimaea, once considered a separate genus, has recently been combined with the genus Bartonella as a result of high levels of relatedness in 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data.Bartonella Infections: Infections by the genus BARTONELLA. Bartonella bacilliformis can cause acute febrile anemia, designated Oroya fever, and a benign skin eruption, called verruga peruana. BARTONELLA QUINTANA causes TRENCH FEVER, while BARTONELLA HENSELAE is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY) and is also one of the causes of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.Bartonella henselae: A species of gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY). This organism can also be a cause of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.Pediculus: Lice of the genus Pediculus, family Pediculidae. Pediculus humanus corporus is the human body louse and Pediculus humanus capitis is the human head louse.Angiomatosis, Bacillary: A reactive vascular proliferation that is characterized by the multiple tumor-like lesions in skin, bone, brain, and other organs. Bacillary angiomatosis is caused by infection with gram-negative Bartonella bacilli (such as BARTONELLA HENSELAE), and is often seen in AIDS patients and other IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOSTS.Phthiraptera: An order of small, wingless parasitic insects, commonly known as lice. The suborders include ANOPLURA (sucking lice); AMBLYCERA; ISCHNOCERA; and Rhynchophthirina (elephant and warthog lice).Cat-Scratch Disease: A self-limiting bacterial infection of the regional lymph nodes caused by AFIPIA felis, a gram-negative bacterium recently identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and by BARTONELLA HENSELAE. It usually arises one or more weeks following a feline scratch, with raised inflammatory nodules at the site of the scratch being the primary symptom.Homeless Persons: Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.Typhus, Epidemic Louse-Borne: The classic form of typhus, caused by RICKETTSIA PROWAZEKII, which is transmitted from man to man by the louse Pediculus humanus corporis. This disease is characterized by the sudden onset of intense headache, malaise, and generalized myalgia followed by the formation of a macular skin eruption and vascular and neurologic disturbances.Arthropod Vectors: Arthropods, other than insects and arachnids, which transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Bartonellaceae: A family of small gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are parasites of erythrocytes in man and other vertebrates and the etiologic agents of several diseases.Bartonella bacilliformis: The type species of the genus BARTONELLA, a gram-negative bacteria found in humans. It is found in the mountain valleys of Peru, Ecuador, and Southwest Columbia where the sandfly (see PHLEBOTOMUS) vector is present. It causes OROYA FEVER and VERRUGA PERUANA.Lice Infestations: Parasitic attack or subsistence on the skin by members of the order Phthiraptera, especially on humans by Pediculus humanus of the family Pediculidae. The hair of the head, eyelashes, and pubis is a frequent site of infestation. (From Dorland, 28th ed; Stedman, 26th ed)Rickettsia felis: A species of gram-negative bacteria transmitted by the flea Ctenocephalides felis, and known to infect CATS, oppossums, and humans.Endocarditis, Bacterial: Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.Rickettsiaceae: A family of small, gram-negative organisms, often parasitic in humans and other animals, causing diseases that may be transmitted by invertebrate vectors.Bacteremia: The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Heart Valves: Flaps of tissue that prevent regurgitation of BLOOD from the HEART VENTRICLES to the HEART ATRIA or from the PULMONARY ARTERIES or AORTA to the ventricles.Coxiella burnetii: A species of gram-negative bacteria that grows preferentially in the vacuoles of the host cell. It is the etiological agent of Q FEVER.Hemin: Chloro(7,12-diethenyl-3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-21H,23H-porphine-2,18-dipropanoato(4-)-N(21),N(22),N(23),N(24)) ferrate(2-) dihydrogen.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Siphonaptera: An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Immunoglobulin M: A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.Angiomatosis: A condition with multiple tumor-like lesions caused either by congenital or developmental malformations of BLOOD VESSELS, or reactive vascular proliferations, such as in bacillary angiomatosis. Angiomatosis is considered non-neoplastic.West Nile Fever: A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)West Nile virus: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.Diphtheria: A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.Arcanobacterium: A genus of facultatively anaerobic, gram-positive bacteria in the family ACTINOMYCETACEAE, order ACTINOMYCETALES. They are obligate parasites of the PHARYNX in humans and farm animals.Rubella: An acute infectious disease caused by the RUBELLA VIRUS. The virus enters the respiratory tract via airborne droplet and spreads to the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.EuropeDisease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Rickettsia: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer. The natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host. Species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.Rickettsia Infections: Infections by the genus RICKETTSIA.Rickettsia prowazekii: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of epidemic typhus fever acquired through contact with lice (TYPHUS, EPIDEMIC LOUSE-BORNE) as well as Brill's disease.Rickettsia rickettsii: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER. Its cells are slightly smaller and more uniform in size than those of RICKETTSIA PROWAZEKII.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Endocarditis, Subacute Bacterial: ENDOCARDIUM infection that is usually caused by STREPTOCOCCUS. Subacute infective endocarditis evolves over weeks and months with modest toxicity and rare metastatic infection.Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.Streptococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.Retinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding from the vessels of the retina.Heart Valve Prosthesis: A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.Streptococcus sanguis: A gram-positive organism found in dental plaque, in blood, on heart valves in subacute endocarditis, and infrequently in saliva and throat specimens. L-forms are associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis.

Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from human samples: a 5-year experience (1993 to 1998). (1/97)

Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae are fastidious gram-negative bacteria responsible for bacillary angiomatosis, trench fever, cat scratch disease, and endocarditis. During a 5-year period, we received 2,043 samples for culture of Bartonella sp. We found Bartonella sp. to be the etiologic agent in 38 cases of endocarditis, 78 cases of cat scratch disease, 16 cases of bacteremia in homeless people, and 7 cases of bacillary angiomatosis. We correlated the results of positive cultures with the clinical form of the disease, type of sample, culture procedure, PCR-based genomic detection, and antibody determination. Seventy-two isolates of B. quintana and nine isolates of B. henselae from 43 patients were obtained. Sixty-three of the B. quintana isolates and two of the B. henselae isolates, obtained from patients with no prior antibiotic therapy, were stably subcultured. The sensitivity of culture was low when compared with that of PCR-based detection methods in valves of patients with endocarditis (44 and 81%, respectively), skin biopsy samples of patients with bacillary angiomatosis (43 and 100%, respectively), and lymph nodes of cat scratch disease (13 and 30%, respectively). Serological diagnosis was also more sensitive in cases of endocarditis (97%) and cat scratch disease (90%). Among endocarditis patients, the sensitivity of the shell vial culture assay was 28% when inoculated with blood samples and 44% when inoculated with valvular biopsy samples, and the sensitivity of both was significantly higher than that of culture on agar (5% for blood [P = 0.045] and 4% for valve biopsy samples [P < 0.0005]). The most efficient culture procedure was the subculture of blood culture broth into shell vials (sensitivity, 71%). For patients with endocarditis, previous antibiotic therapy significantly affected results of blood culture; no patient who had been administered antibiotics yielded a positive blood culture, whereas 80% of patients with no previous antibiotic therapy yielded positive blood cultures (P = 0.0006). Previous antibiotic therapy did not, however, prevent isolation of Bartonella sp. from cardiac valves but did prevent the establishment of strains, as none of the 15 isolates from treated patients could be successfully subcultured. For the diagnosis of B. quintana bacteremia in homeless people, the efficiency of systematic subculture of blood culture broth onto agar was higher than that of direct blood plating (respective sensitivities, 98 and 10% [P < 10(-7)]). Nevertheless, both procedures are complementary, since when used together their sensitivity reached 100%. All homeless people with positive blood cultures had negative serology. The isolation rate of B. henselae from PCR-positive lymph nodes, in patients with cat scratch disease, was significantly lower than that from valves of endocarditis patients and skin biopsy samples from bacillary angiomatosis patients (13 and 33%, respectively [P = 0.084]). In cases of bacillary angiomatosis for which an agent was identified to species level, the isolation rate of B. henselae was lower than the isolation rate of B. quintana (28 and 64%, respectively [P = 0.003]). If culture is to be considered an efficient tool for the diagnosis of several Bartonella-related diseases, methodologies need to be improved, notably for the recovery of B. henselae from lymph nodes of patients with cat scratch disease.  (+info)

Seroprevalence of Bartonella henselae in cats in Germany. (2/97)

Bartonella henselae and B. quintana infections in man are associated with various clinical manifestations including cat-scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis and bacteraemia. While cats are the natural reservoir for B. henselae, the source of B. quintana is unclear. In this study, the sera of 713 cats from Germany were examined for the presence of antibodies against B. henselae, B. quintana or Afipia felis by an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). Bartonella-specific antibody titres of > or =50 were found in 15.0% of the cats. There was substantial cross-reactivity among the various Bartonella antigens, although single sera showed high titres against B. henselae but not against B. quintana and vice versa. Antibodies against A. felis were not detected in any of these cats. Statistical analysis indicated that there is no correlation between Bartonella infections and the sex, age or breed of the cat or its hunting behavior. There was also no correlation between bartonella and toxoplasma infections in cats. However, whereas 16.8% of cats from northern Germany had B. quintana-specific antibodies, only 8.0% of cats from southern Germany were seropositive for B. quintana. No statistically significant difference was found for B. henselae. IFA-positive and IFA-negative sera were used for immunoblot analysis including B. henselae and B. quintana. Marked reactivity was observed with protein bands at 80, 76, 73, 65, 37, 33 and 15 kDa. The results of this study suggest that B. henselae, and possibly a B. quintana-related pathogen, but not A. felis, are common in cats in Germany, and that there are differences in the geographic distribution of bartonella infections in cats.  (+info)

Semiquantitative species-specific detection of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana by PCR-enzyme immunoassay. (3/97)

Bartonella henselae is the main causative agent of cat-scratch disease, and both B. henselae and Bartonella quintana cause angioproliferative disorders such as bacillary angiomatosis. To increase the sensitivity of Bartonella detection by PCR and to improve the species differentiation, we developed a semiquantitative, species-specific PCR-based enzyme immunoassay (EIA). The 16S rRNA gene was selected as the target sequence. Internal nucleotide sequences derived from the amplified 16S rRNA region were used to develop species-specific oligonucleotide probes for B. henselae and B. quintana. Biotin-labeled PCR products were immobilized on streptavidin-coated microtiter plates, hybridized to a digoxigenin-labeled probe, and detected with antidigoxigenin peroxidase conjugate. No cross-hybridization with other Bartonella or non-Bartonella species was observed. This EIA was as sensitive as dot blot hybridization and was 10 times more sensitive than visualization of PCR products on agarose gels. Serial dilutions of B. henselae and B. quintana suspensions demonstrated that an optical density (OD) of approximately 0.200 was equivalent to 5 CFU in the reaction mixture. By comparing the OD of the bacterial dilutions with that obtained from clinical specimens we could determine that the number of CFU in clinical samples ranged from 10(3) to 10(6) CFU/ml. The PCR-EIA developed in the present study is a rapid, sensitive, and simple method for the diagnosis of B. henselae and B. quintana infections.  (+info)

Species-specific monoclonal antibodies for rapid identification of Bartonella quintana. (4/97)

Seven species-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to Bartonella quintana were produced and characterized. The MAbs were of the immunoglobulin G class and reacted only with 13 B. quintana strains in indirect microimmunofluorescence and Western immunoblotting assays. They did not react with eight other Bartonella spp., including Bartonella henselae, the most closely related species, and a selected MAb did also not react with nine other strains of gram-negative bacteria. The MAbs reacted mainly with a 34-kDa protein epitope of B. quintana which was shown to be species specific by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Four of five body lice experimentally infected with B. quintana were found to be positive for the organism in microimmunofluorescence assays with one MAb. These MAbs may provide a specific, simple, rapid, and low-cost tool for the identification of B. quintana and the diagnosis of infections due to the microorganism.  (+info)

In vitro activities of telithromycin (HMR 3647) against Rickettsia rickettsii, Rickettsia conorii, Rickettsia africae, Rickettsia typhi, Rickettsia prowazekii, Coxiella burnetii, Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana, Bartonella bacilliformis, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis. (5/97)

In vitro activities of telithromycin compared to those of erythromycin against Rickettsia spp., Bartonella spp., Coxiella burnetii, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis were determined. Telithromycin was more active than erythromycin against Rickettsia, Bartonella, and Coxiella burnetii, with MICs of 0.5 microg/ml, 0.003 to 0.015 microg/ml, and 1 microg/ml, respectively, but was inactive against Ehrlichia chaffeensis.  (+info)

Bartonella quintana and urban trench fever. (6/97)

Contemporary Bartonella quintana infections have emerged in diverse regions of the world, predominantly involving socially disadvantaged persons. Available data suggest that the human body louse Pediculus humanus is the vector for transmission of B. quintana. Descriptions of the clinical manifestations associated with contemporary B. quintana infections have varied considerably and include asymptomatic infection, a relapsing febrile illness, headache, leg pain, "culture-negative" endocarditis, and, in human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons, bacillary angiomatosis. Laboratory diagnosis is most convincing when B. quintana is isolated in blood culture, but growth often takes 20-40 days; problems exist with both sensitivity and specificity of serological assays. On the basis of available information, use of doxycycline, erythromycin, or azithromycin to treat B. quintana infections is recommended. Treatment of uncomplicated B. quintana bacteremia for 4-6 weeks and treatment of B. quintana endocarditis (in a person who does not undergo valve surgery) for 4-6 months are recommended, with the addition of a bactericidal agent (such as a third-generation cephalosporin or an aminoglycoside) during the initial 2-3 weeks of therapy for endocarditis.  (+info)

Hemin-binding surface protein from Bartonella quintana. (7/97)

Bartonella quintana, the agent of trench fever and a cause of endocarditis and bacillary angiomatosis in humans, has the highest reported in vitro hemin requirement for any bacterium. We determined that eight membrane-associated proteins from B. quintana bind hemin and that a approximately 25-kDa protein (HbpA) was the dominant hemin-binding protein. Like many outer membrane proteins, HbpA partitions to the detergent phase of a Triton X-114 extract of the cell and is heat modifiable, displaying an apparent molecular mass shift from approximately 25 to 30 kDa when solubilized at 100 degrees C. Immunoblots of purified outer and inner membranes and immunoelectron microscopy with whole cells show that HbpA is strictly located in the outer membrane and surface exposed, respectively. The N-terminal sequence of mature HbpA was determined and used to clone the HbpA-encoding gene (hbpA) from a lambda genomic library. The hbpA gene is 816 bp in length, encoding a predicted immature protein of approximately 29.3 kDa and a mature protein of 27.1 kDa. A Fur box homolog with 53% identity to the Escherichia coli Fur consensus is located upstream of hbpA and may be involved in regulating expression. BLAST searches indicate that the closest homologs to HbpA include the Bartonella henselae phage-associated membrane protein, Pap31 (58.4% identity), and the OMP31 porin from Brucella melitensis (31.7% identity). High-stringency Southern blots indicate that all five pathogenic Bartonella spp. possess hbpA homologs. Recombinant HbpA can bind hemin in vitro; however, it does not confer a hemin-binding phenotype upon E. coli. Intact B. quintana treated with purified anti-HbpA Fab fragments show a significant (P < 0.004) dose-dependent decrease in hemin binding relative to controls, suggesting that HbpA plays an active role in hemin acquisition and therefore pathogenesis. HbpA is the first potential virulence determinant characterized from B. quintana.  (+info)

Use of rpoB gene analysis for detection and identification of Bartonella species. (8/97)

Identification of Bartonella species is of increasing importance as the number of infections in which these bacteria are involved increases. To date, these gram-negative bacilli have been identified by various serological, biochemical, and genotypic methods. However, the development of alternative tools is required, principally to circumvent a major risk of contamination during sample manipulation. The aim of our study was to investigate the possible identification of various Bartonella species by comparison of RNA polymerase beta-subunit gene (rpoB) sequences. This approach has previously been shown to be useful for the identification of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae (C. M. Mollet, M. Drancourt, and D. Raoult, Mol. Microbiol. 26:1005-1011, 1997). Following PCR amplification with specific oligonucleotides, a 825-bp region of the rpoB gene was sequenced from 13 distinct Bartonella strains. Analysis of these sequences allowed selection of three restriction enzymes (ApoI, AluI, and AflIII) useful for discerning the different strains by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. To confirm the potential value of such an approach for identification of Bartonella, the rpoB PCR was then applied to 94 clinical samples, and the results obtained were identical to those obtained by our reference PCR method. Twenty-four isolates were also adequately identified by PCR-RFLP analysis. In all cases, our results were in accordance with those of the reference method. Moreover, conserved regions of DNA were chosen as suitable primer targets for PCR amplification of a 439-bp fragment which can be easily sequenced.  (+info)

*Bartonella quintana

... , originally known as Rochalimaea quintana, and "Rickettsia quintana", is a microorganism transmitted by the ... "Bartonella quintana". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 803. Type strain of Bartonella quintana at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... "Bartonella quintana". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved November 10, 2013. "Definition of Bartonella ... 2007). "Bartonella quintana Lipopolysaccharide Is a Natural Antagonist of Toll-Like Receptor 4". Infection and Immunity. 75 (10 ...

*Trench fever

Rickettsia quintana), found in the stomach walls of the body louse. Bartonella quintana is closely related to Bartonella ... and Heinrich Werner). The disease is caused by the bacterium Bartonella quintana (older names: Rochalimea quintana, ... Bartonella quintana is transmitted by contamination of a skin abrasion or louse-bite wound with the faeces of an infected body ... Ohl, M. E.; Spach, D. H. (1 July 2000). "Bartonella quintana and Urban Trench Fever". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 31 (1): 131 ...

*Head lice infestation

In Ethiopia, head lice appear to be able to spread louse-born epidemic typhus and Bartonella quintana. In Europe, the head lice ...

*Zoonosis

Cat-scratch disease is caused by Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana from fleas which are endemic in cats. Toxocariasis ...

*List of sequenced bacterial genomes

2004). "The louse-borne human pathogen Bartonella quintana is a genomic derivative of the zoonotic agent Bartonella henselae". ...

*Bartonella

... with Descriptions of Bartonella quintana comb. nov., Bartonella vinsonii comb. nov., Bartonella henselae comb. nov., and ... Bartonella species have been infecting humans for thousands of years, as demonstrated by Bartonella quintana DNA in a 4000-year ... Drancourt M, Tran-Hung L, Courtin J, Lumley H, Raoult D (2005). "Bartonella quintana in a 4000-year-old human tooth". J. Infect ... At least eight Bartonella species or subspecies are known to infect humans. Bartonella henselae is the organism responsible for ...

*BH11960

The louse-borne human pathogen Bartonella Quintana is a genomic derivative of the zoonotic agent Bartonella henselae. ... "Hypothetical protein BH11960 (Bartonella henselaei str. Houston-1". [1]. The function of the BH11960 protein is not known. ... Bartonella henselae hypothetical protein 11960 (BH11960) is encoded by the BH11960 gene. This hypothetical protein is conserved ... The promoter is ubiquitously conserved in the other Bartonella species and contains a TATA box. BH11960 is the largest of the ...

*Bartonellosis

Brouqui P, Lascola B, Roux V, Raoult D (January 1999). "Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients". N. Engl. ... Trench fever, produced by Bartonella quintana infection, is transmitted by the human body louse Pediculus humanus corporis. ... Maurin M, Raoult D (July 1996). "Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana infections". Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 9 (3): 273-92. PMC 172893 ... Bartonellosis is an infectious disease produced by bacteria of the genus Bartonella. Bartonella species cause diseases such as ...

*Bartonella henselae

PMC 3657863 . Bernard La Scola; Didier Raoult (17 March 1999). "Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from ... Parte, A.C. "Bartonella". www.bacterio.net. "Bartonella henselae". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 38323. Type strain of Bartonella ... Bartonella henselae, formerly Rochalimæa, is a proteobacterium that is the causative agent of cat-scratch disease ( ... bartonellosis). B. henselae is a member of the Bartonella genus, one of the most common types of bacteria in the world. It ...

*Relapsing fever

Along with Rickettsia prowazekii and Bartonella quintana, Borrelia recurrentis is one of three pathogens of which the body ...

*List of clinically important bacteria

Bartonella Bartonella henselae Bartonella quintana Bordetella Bordetella bronchiseptica Bordetella pertussis Borrelia ... psittaci Rickettsia quintana Rickettsia rickettsii Rickettsia trachomae Rochalimaea Rochalimaea henselae Rochalimaea quintana ...

*Bartonella rochalimae

The bacterium is a close relative of Bartonella quintana, the microbe which caused trench fever in thousands of soldiers during ... Bartonella rochalimae is a recently discovered strain of Gram-negative bacteria in the Bartonella genus, isolated by ... "Bartonella rochalimae and other Bartonella spp. in fleas, Chile". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 15 (7): 1150-2. doi:10.3201/ ... In July 2009, Bartonella rochalimae was also identified in fleas from cats and dogs from Chile. The organisms was detected by ...

*Bacillary angiomatosis

It is caused by either Bartonella henselae or B. quintana. B. henselae is most often transmitted through a cat scratch or bite ... B. quintana is usually transmitted by lice. It can manifest in people with AIDS and rarely appears in those who are ... Bacillary angiomatosis (BA) is a form of angiomatosis associated with bacteria of the Bartonella genus. Cutaneous BA is ... December 1997). "Molecular epidemiology of bartonella infections in patients with bacillary angiomatosis-peliosis". N. Engl. J ...

*Αr45 RNA

... in Bartonella species (i.e. B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae, B. tribocorum, B. quintana, B. bacilliformis, B. grahamii), in ... Bartonella species (i.e. B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae, B. tribocorum, B. quintana, B. bacilliformis, B. grahamii). All these ... In Bartonella species the αr45 upstream gene was always found to code for a protein containing a rhodanase domain. In the ... This analysis also revealed an extended conserved sequence stretch among the promoters of the Brucella and Bartonella αr45 sRNA ...

*List of MeSH codes (B03)

Bartonella bacilliformis MeSH B03.440.090.100.350 --- Bartonella henselae MeSH B03.440.090.100.650 --- Bartonella quintana MeSH ... Bartonella henselae MeSH B03.660.050.030.040.650 --- Bartonella quintana MeSH B03.660.050.032 --- beijerinckiaceae MeSH B03.660 ... Bartonella MeSH B03.660.050.030.040.080 --- Bartonella bacilliformis MeSH B03.660.050.030.040.350 --- ...

*Cat-scratch disease

Bartonella henselae is a fastidious, intracellular, Gram-negative bacteria. The cat was recognized as the natural reservoir of ... Immunocompromised patients are susceptible to other conditions associated with B. henselae and B. quintana, such as bacillary ... Cryptic Bartonella infection may be a much larger problem than previously thought, constituting an unrecognized occupational ... Lantos PM, Maggi RG, Ferguson B, Varkey J, Park LP, Breitschwerdt EB, Woods CW (2014). "Detection of Bartonella species in the ...

*Marsh rice rat

Another pathogenic bacterium, Bartonella, is known from Georgia marsh rice rats. The 2016 IUCN Red List assesses the ... ISBN 978-0-8229-5393-7 Milazzo, M.L., Cajimat, M.N., Hanson, J.D., Bradley, R.D., Quintana, M., Sherman, C., Velásquez, R.T. ... Distribution, diversity, and host specificity of Bartonella in rodents from the southeastern United States. American Journal of ...
Bartonella quintana, a pathogen that is restricted to human hosts and louse vectors, was first characterized as the agent of trench fever. The disease was described in 1915 on the basis of natural and experimental infections in soldiers. It is now recognized as a reemerging pathogen among homeless populations in cities in the United States and Europe and is responsible for a wide spectrum of conditions, including chronic bacteremia, endocarditis, and bacillary angiomatosis. Diagnosis is based on serologic analysis, culture, and molecular biology. Recent characterization of its genome allowed the development of modern diagnosis and typing methods. Guidelines for the treatment of B. quintana infections are presented.
Bartonella quintana, a pathogen that is restricted to human hosts and louse vectors, was first characterized as the agent of trench fever. The disease was described in 1915 on the basis of natural and experimental infections in soldiers. It is now recognized as a reemerging pathogen among homeless populations in cities in the United States and Europe and is responsible for a wide spectrum of conditions, including chronic bacteremia, endocarditis, and bacillary angiomatosis. Diagnosis is based on serologic analysis, culture, and molecular biology. Recent characterization of its genome allowed the development of modern diagnosis and typing methods. Guidelines for the treatment of B. quintana infections are presented.
IIIChris Hani Baragwanth Hospital, Bertsham, South Africa. Correspondence to. Bartonella is a genus of opportunistic, Gram-negative bacilli transmitted from animals to human hosts. Bartonellae are newly emerging pathogens that can cause a variety of clinical manifestations in both immunocompromised and healthy persons.. The aims were to determine the IgG and IgM seroprevalences of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana in immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals using an immunofluorescence assay (IFA).. A total of 382 HIV-positive outpatients of the Chris Hani Baragwanth HIV-clinic, 382 retrospective residual samples from HIV-negative antenatal patients, and 42 clinically healthy volunteers were tested using a commercially available IFA kit to determine the prevalence of IgG and IgM antibodies to B. henselae and B. quintana.. The IgM and IgG seroprevalences for the HIV-positive patients were 14% (53/382) and 32% (121/382), respectively, compared to 18% for both IgM (62/342) and IgG ...
IIIChris Hani Baragwanth Hospital, Bertsham, South Africa. Correspondence to. Bartonella is a genus of opportunistic, Gram-negative bacilli transmitted from animals to human hosts. Bartonellae are newly emerging pathogens that can cause a variety of clinical manifestations in both immunocompromised and healthy persons.. The aims were to determine the IgG and IgM seroprevalences of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana in immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals using an immunofluorescence assay (IFA).. A total of 382 HIV-positive outpatients of the Chris Hani Baragwanth HIV-clinic, 382 retrospective residual samples from HIV-negative antenatal patients, and 42 clinically healthy volunteers were tested using a commercially available IFA kit to determine the prevalence of IgG and IgM antibodies to B. henselae and B. quintana.. The IgM and IgG seroprevalences for the HIV-positive patients were 14% (53/382) and 32% (121/382), respectively, compared to 18% for both IgM (62/342) and IgG ...
IgM antibody, the primary immune response to Bartonella, appears early in the infection and is highly diagnostic when present. IgG antibody response follows initial IgM response closely. Since the IgG response is broadly cross reactive between the species, these results must be interpreted with caution. 10% of a healthy population exhibit Bartonella henselae and B. quintana IgG titers of 1:64 - 1:128; none show titers of 1:256 or above ...
Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana are small, rod-shaped, pleomorphic, gram-negative bacteria. The human body louse (Pediculus humanis) is the proposed vector for Bartonella quintana. No animal reservoir has
LEON, Spain (VN) - Colombian sensation Nairo Quintana (Movistar) returned home this week after a wildly successful spring season capped by his overall victory in the Vuelta al Pais Vasco (Tour of the Basque Country).. The 23-year-old will remain in Colombia for nearly a month before returning to Europe in June to race the Critérium du Dauphiné ahead of his highly anticipated debut at the Tour de France.. "I stay where I live, at 1,800 meters to prepare for the Tour," Quintana told VeloNews. "I will stay about one month. I will be with my family, because thats what I miss most.". The Colombian roared through the spring, turning heads in every race he started. He put an end to the first part of the season last weekend at Liège-Bastogne-Liège with a discreet 50th in the "la doyenne.". Quintana admitted he suffered through the Ardennes classics, struck by allergies and what he called stomach problems, but the 5-foot-7 climber said he liked what he saw in his first attempt at the hilly ...
Italian Stefano Pirazzi (Bardiani-CSF) held off a small group of chasers in the home straight to claim his maiden Giro dItalia victory from the races 17th stage on Thursday morning (AEST).. Race leader Nairo Quintana (Movistar) crossed the finish line with the main peloton and his closest rivals nearly 15 minutes later following a 208km trek from Sarnonico to Vittorio Veneto that saw a breakaway go unchallenged all the way to the finish.. Quintana, the runner-up on last years Tour de France, spent his first day in the races fabled maglia rosa (pink jersey) to retain his 1min 41sec lead on Rigoberto Uran (Omega-Pharma) and 3:21 cushion on Australian Cadel Evans (BMC).. But it was a tense day in the saddle for the 24-year-old Colombian, who was accused of foul play following his victory on stage 16 when he took the jersey from Uran, last years runner-up.. Urans Omega-Pharma team were on Tuesday one of several to accuse organisers, and Quintana, of foul play following an official radio ...
Lyrics to Quintana by Travi$ Scott: [Hook:] / Straight from Mexico, call her Quintana / Damn, she smoke my dope… swear to God we go Rambo
Bartonella quintana (BQ) is a gram-negative human pathogen that causes serious and potentially fatal infections, and is the leading cause of culture-negative heart valve infection in the US. BQ also causes persistent bacteremia and fatal illness in immunocompromised individuals with cancer and HIV/AIDS. BQ is transmitted to humans by the body louse; humans become infected when the BQ bacteria in the louse feces are introduced into the louse bite wound by scratching. BQ alternates between two very different niches: the bloodstream of the homeothermic mammalian reservoir (37C) and the gut of the poikilothermic arthropod vector (28C). Virtually nothing is known about the virulence factors involved in the transition between the host and arthropod vector. However, the arthropod niche is an essential part of the life cycle of BQ, and it is required for infection of humans. To surviv and proliferate, BQ bacteria must adapt rapidly during the shift between these two disparate environments. Such ...
2.0 2.1 Mary Ann Azevedo (2007-09-09). Energy fund drills in new direction. Houston Business Journal. Retrieved on 2011-03-27. "Hugh Roy Cullen, who was dubbed "arguably Houstons most famous oilman" by Texas Monthly in 2005, founded the now-defunct Quintana Petroleum in 1930. Today, Corby Robertson -- Cullens grandson -- is said to own more coal through his various ventures than anyone outside of the U.S. government (see "Cullen heir nabs huge lumps of coal," Dec. 8, 2006). Besides his role with Quintana Energy Partners, Robertson also serves as president of Quintana Minerals Corp., CEO and chairman of publicly traded Natural Resource Partners LP, and chairman of Quintana Maritime Ltd., a Nasdaq-traded bulk shipping company." ...
John Park & Van Saro. In the spirit of creative camaraderie, C.A.V.E. Gallery in Venice, CA currently has a group show of collaborative works by Dan Quintana and Grady Gordon, John Park and Van Saro and Devin Liston. The collab pieces show glimmers of each artists style, but this union brings forth a totally new aesthetic from each duo. The show is on view until January 7. Take a look at some of the artworks, images courtesy of C.A.V.E. Gallery, below. ...
El conocimiento de las plantas acuáticas vasculares en nuestro país se ha ido incrementando en el transcurso de los últimos años, debido principalmente al esfuerzo de botánicos que están interesados en este grupo de plantas y de las instituciones (como la CONABIO) que apoyan estos estudios. El presente proyecto tiene el propósito de recopilar, sistematizar y generar información que establezca el inventario de las especies de plantas vasculares acuáticas y subacuáticas presentes en el Corredor Biológico Sian Kaan-Calakmul, México, principalmente del Área Focal Felipe Carrillo Puerto en el estado de Quintana Roo. Este inventario permitirá señalar objetivamente la distribución de las especies en esta región mesoamericana por medio de mapas, basada en la información recabada durante el trabajo exploratorio y de herbario, la cual se incorporará a una base de datos (BIÓTICA ver. 4.0) de la CONABIO. Asimismo, las actividades curatoriales que se lleven a cabo con el material y la ...
Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Joseph Quintana Jr, MD Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
Something has to give, and it ought to be Philip Humber. Or maybe Gavin Floyd. Whatever, someone has to give up his spot in the White Sox rotation to make room for Jose Quintana. The kid left-hander just went down to St. Louis and won his matchup against Adam Wainwright, beating a Cardinals team that...
The pH of the solution was then adjusted to 72 by adding triethyl amine and distilled off the solvent completely? Gastrointestinal involvement may manifest as diarrhea, clomid cost constipation, or other symptoms of malabsorption, such as bloating, flatus, or belching? Quintana bacteremia be treated with gentamicin (3 mg/kg of body weight iv. Gewürzpflanzen und montieren bequemer sitzhaltung dar ber! Its nourishingly indulekha hair oil price a prodrug of L-cysteine, which is a precursor of the almighty antioxidant glutathione (GSH), raising levels significantly. Based on the study results, 120 free spins win real money these authors recommended that back-up contraception may not be necessary if OCs are used reliably during oral antibiotic use! In an embodiment, challengingly propecia canada the substitution at the 7 position of the 8-substituted tetracycline compound is not chlorine or trimethylamino. Remember that its not unusual for gabapentin to make people feel a bit sleepy or ...
Biopsy, Cell, Disease, Immunoglobulin, Immunoglobulin Light Chains, Kidney, Kidney Disease, Knowledge, Light, Lymphoma, Patients, Plasma, Plasma Cell, Plasma Cell Dyscrasias, Production, Report, Set, Therapeutic
In this notation the conditioning on s is implicit in the selection of the elements in y? j . si j s i ; y/ are derived as follows. Âi j  i ; y/. 12). Recall that Âj? denote the k unique values among  i and similarly for nj . Also, let y? j D y? Âi j  i ; y/ / k X nj fÂj? yi / ıÂj? Âi / in the second term is Rnot normalized. Âi /: Note that h0 is a function of yi . Recognizing that Âi D Âj? Âi ; si j  i ; y/ / k X nj fÂj? si /ıÂj? Âi /: jD1 Finally, we marginalize with respect to Â, R that is, with respect to Âi and  i . When M is small this seems to be a clear benefit, since the probabilities for other changes are affected only slightly. Using a simulated dataset, Neal (2000) also showed that the auxiliary Gibbs sampler (with a properly chosen tuning parameter) has the best computational efficiency of one-at-a-time non-conjugate samplers for DPM models. Software note: R code to implement transition probabilities under Algorithm 8 is given in the on-line software ...
3. A. I. Oliva, J.H. Balanc n, M.E. Navarro, V ctor Sosa, L.A. Maldonado, P. Bartolo, R.E Castro, and J.A. Azamar-Barrios. A Thermal Method to Fracture Rocks. Int. J. of Rocks Mechanics and Min. Sciences and Geomechanics Abstracts. 28 (6) 509-514, (1991). 4. A. I. Oliva, V ctor Sosa, R. de Coss, N. L pez Salazar, Raquel Sosa y J.L. Pe a.An lisis de un sistema de aislamiento de vibraciones usando un m todo gr fico Rev. Mex. Fis. 38 (3), 497-509, (1992).. 5. V ctor Sosa, J.A. Azamar-Barrios, J.L. Pe a, L. Francisco Garfias, A. I. Oliva, and P. Quintana. Influence of preparation conditions on characteristics of the YBa2Cu3O7-d compound. J. of Materials Science, 27, 6131-6133, (1992). 6. A. I. Oliva, V ctor Sosa, R. de Coss, Raquel Sosa, N. L pez Salazar, and J.L. Pe a. Vibration isolation analysis for a scanning tunneling microscope, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63 (6) 3326-3329 (1992). 7. A. I. Oliva, V. Rej n, N. L pez-Salazar, E. Avila, T. Kant n, J.E. Corona y J.L. Pe a. Microscopio de efecto t ...
A protester was killed in Paraguay after a secret Senate vote for a constitutional amendment that would allow President Horacio Cartes to run for re-election sparked violent clashes and the countrys Congress was stormed and set alight. Rodrigo Quintana, 25, was killed by a rubber bullet fired
GR Solaris Cancun & Spa - All Inclusive at Cancun (and vicinity), Quintana Roo, Mexico: Find the best deals with user reviews, photos, and discount rates for GR Solaris Cancun & Spa - All Inclusive at Orbitz. Get our lowest rates or cash back. And, pay no Orbitz hotel change or cancel fees.
Vidal Lluciá, Teresa; Torres López, Antonio Luis; Valls Vidal, Cristina; Cusola Aumedes, Oriol; Quintana, Elisabet; Andreu Terrén, Glòria; Aracri, Elisabetta; Fillat Latorre, Amanda; García Ubasart, Jordi; Beltramino, Facundo; Clemente Escuin, Antonio; Roncero Vivero, María Blanca (2013-06-13) ...
http://i50.tinypic.com/2rq0mbr.jpg Main card ======= Super Welterweight: Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Miguel Cotto (c) Super Welterweight: Saul Alvarez (c) vs. Shane Mosley Light Welterweight: Jessie Vargas vs Steve Forbes Super Welterweight: Deandre Latimore vs Carlos Quintana
One day after winning his second career Grand Tour, Nairo Quintana has committed his future to his Movistar team and will continue to race there for at least three more seasons. The Spanish squad announced the news at the Telefónica ...
Costa Maya, Mahahual QROO News- December 2013 - Includes information about Mahahual upcoming events, Google car mapping the beach, Xcalak news, Vacation rental property deals, Chetumal , Quintana Roo information,
IM BIG and I NEED YOUR - A topic posted by Vianice Quintana in the Motivation & Support forum. Join the discussion in Workout Trainer for iOS & Android by Skimble.
Bultman, S. J., Holley, D. W., G De Ridder, G., Pizzo, S. V., Sidorova, T. N., Murray, K. T., Jensen, B. C., Wang, Z., Bevilacqua, A., Chen, X., Quintana, M. T., Tannu, M., Rosson, G. B., Pandya, K. & Willis, M. S. May 1 2016 In : Cardiovascular Pathology. 25, 3, p. 258-269 12 p.. Research output: Research - peer-review › Article ...
Blood culture-negative endocarditis is common in Algeria. We describe the etiology of infective endocarditis in this country. Samples from 110 cases in 108 patients were collected in Algiers. Blood cultures were performed in Algeria. Serologic and molecular analysis of valves was performed in France. Infective endocarditis was classified as definite in 77 cases and possible in 33. Causative agents were detected by blood cultures in 48 cases. All 62 blood culture-negative endocarditis cases were tested by serologic or molecular methods or both. Of these, 34 tested negative and 28 had an etiologic agent identified. A total of 18 infective endocarditis cases were caused by zoonotic and arthropodborne bacteria, including Bartonella quintana (14 cases), Brucella melitensis (2 cases), and Coxiella burnetii (2 cases). Our data underline the high prevalence of infective endocarditis caused by Bartonella quintana in northern Africa and the role of serologic and molecular tools for the diagnosis of blood ...
The international seminar on "The Legitimate Use of Force and the Protection of Human Rights" was held on December 3-4 in Cancun, Quintana Roo. The seminar was organized by the Foreign Ministry with the assistance of the Public Safety Ministry of the state of Quintana Roo and was part of the Mexico-European Union human rights program. The aim of the seminar was to encourage a constructive dialog between the institutions in charge of public safety, law enforcement officials, legislators, academic institutions and national and international civil society organizations on issues related to the use of force and human rights with a view towards future legislation on the issue. The inaugural ceremony was chaired by Quintana Roo Governor Félix González Canto. Also participating were the Quintana Roo Public Safety Minister, Vice Admiral Miguel Ángel Ramos; State Attorney General Bello Melchor Rodríguez Carrillo; the Foreign Ministrys Director General of Human Rights and Democracy, Minister ...
Was it like in a world war one trench? There were many lines of german trenches on side and allied the other 21 sep 2013 life death for soldiers 1 from luxurious compared to british 9 aug 2017 ...
Trench fever is a self-limited, louse-borne relapsing febrile disease caused by B quintana. The disease has occurred epidemically in louse-infested troops and civilians during wars and endemically in residents of scattered geographic areas (eg, Central America). An urban equivalent of trench fever has been described among the homeless. Humans acquire infection when infected lice feces enter sites of skin breakdown. Onset of symptoms is abrupt and fever lasts 3-5 days, with relapses. The patient complains of weakness and severe pain behind the eyes and typically in the back and legs. Lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and a transient maculopapular rash may appear. Subclinical infection is frequent, and a carrier state is recognized. The differential diagnosis includes other febrile, self-limited states such as dengue, leptospirosis, malaria, relapsing fever, and typhus. Treatment is generally not required since spontaneous recovery occurs regularly. ...
Analisou-se a composição nutricional e isotópica (C e N) de folhas de mogno (Swietenia macrophylla King) em plantações estabelecidas em solos e climas contrastantes na América Central (Quintana Roo, Yucatán, México) e na América do Sul (Pará, Brasil). O objetivo foi determinar a adaptabilidade dessa espécie para grandes diferenças na disponibilidade de nutrientes e regimes de chuva. As concentrações de nutrientes das folhas e solos foram determinadas espectrofotometricamente, e razões isotópicas foram medidas utilizando espectrometria de massa. No Pará, os solos foram mais arenosos e ácidos, recebendo acima de 2.000 mm de chuva, enquanto em Quintana Roo os solos foram predominantemente argilosos, com pH neutro a alcalino, devido ao substrato calcário subjacente, com cerca de 1.300 mm de chuva. A razão área/peso foliar foi semelhante para ambos os sítios de estudo, mas em Quintana Roo as folhas foram significativamente menores. Concentrações de N e K em folhas adultas ...
The book begins and ends at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, where Quintana and the musician Gerry Michael were married on July 26, 2003. Didion the reporter is there, describing the pastel details, the "cucumber and watercress sandwiches, a peach-colored cake from Payard, pink champagne." Quintana shakes the water off leis lifted from their boxes, stephanotis is braided into her hair, a plumier blossom tattoo shows through the wedding lace. Didion the memoirist is there, too. Stephanotis grew outside the Brentwood Park house they moved into when Quintana was in seventh grade; there were cucumber and watercress sandwiches at her sixteenth birthday party; there were leis in Hawaii.. Didion the witty observer is there, recalling dryly the buyer of the Brentwood Park house who said he could imagine his daughter getting married in the garden with its pink magnolia tree, then insisting the house be treated for termites with the gas Vikane. "The termites, I was quite sure, would come back. The ...
13 de Dic de 2017 - Casa/depto. entero por $159. Lol KaNaab # 8 es un condominio de dos dormitorios, dos baños frente al mar en Half Moon Bay de Akumal. Maestro es una cama de matrimonio con vis...
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Manzano-León, N., Quintana, R., Sánchez, B., Serrano, J., Vega, E., Vázquez-López, I., Rojas-Bracho, L., López-Villegas, T., ONeill, M. S., Vadillo-Ortega, F., De Vizcaya-Ruiz, A., Rosas, I. and Osornio-Vargas, Á. R. (2013), Variation in the Composition and In Vitro Proinflammatory Effect of Urban Particulate Matter from Different Sites. J. Biochem. Mol. Toxicol., 27: 87-97. doi: 10.1002/jbt.21471 ...
In his latest notes column, FanRags Jon Heyman reports that while teams such as the Astros, Pirates, Rangers and Yankees were all linked to Jose Quintana in trade rumors this offseason, the best offer the White Sox received came from an
4]Pere Godoy. Jesus Castilla, Miguel Delgado-Rodriguez, Vicente Martin, Nuria Soldevila, Jordi Alonso, Jenaro Astray, Maretva Baricot, Rafael Canton, Ady Castro, Fernando Gonzalez-Candelas, Jose Maria Mayoral, Jose Maria Quintana, Tomas Pumarola, Sonia Tamames, Angela Doninquez. Effectiveness of hand hygiene and provision of information in preventing influenza cases requiring hospitalization. Preventive Medicine. Vol 54. Issue 6; 434-439. June 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009174351200151X ...
This finding reflects a view different from that of an earlier study by Quintana et al.[3], which demonstrated that, in some cases, as many as 50% of human melanoma cells have tumorigenic potential. In addition, no marker tested identified a tumorigenic subpopulation. The authors[3] concluded that the frequency of cancer cells that can initiate tumorigenesis depends, in part, on the assessment techniques and assays ...
Mulder, M. B., Gilna, G. P., Iyengar, R. S., Quintana, O. D., Nardiello, D. C., Kaufman, J. I., Pizano, L. R., Namias, N., Schulman, C. I. & Proctor, K. G., Jun 21 2019, In : Journal of Burn Care and Research. 40, 4, p. 427-429 3 p., irz050.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
by Pascual Fuster, Vicente and Ruiz Olivar, Emilio and Pintò Sala, Xavier and Abad Fernandez, J.L and Abajo Quintana, L.C and Abreu Garcia Mar-lene, M and Abuin Vila, A and Aceves Martin, E and Acuña Carrazana, A and Aguado Martinez, B and Aguilar Arnau, M.T and Aguilar Fernan-dez, I and Aguilar Huerta, O and Agullo Fernandez, F and Al Ramahi, N and Alba Alonso, J and Alba Martin, J.P and Albacete Saez, E.D and Albiñana Fernandez, F and Alegre Basagaña, J and Alegre Herrera, J.S and Ale-gria Nicolas, J.L and Ales Conejo, F and Aleza Sierra, T and Alguacil Mata, F and Aliaga López, J and Al-Kourdi, A.R and Almagro Garrido, P and Alonso Aldea, M.L and Alonso Estévez, A and Alonso Garcia, G and Alonso Guervos, C and Alonso-Lamberti, C and Álvarez Arriero, J and Álvarez Cabo, J.M and Álvarez Gonzalez, A and Álvarez Mejorada, E and Álvarez Recio, A and Álvarez Villa, O.M and Álvarez-Franco Cañas, F and Álvaro Meseguer, F and Alzua Blanc, L.M and Andrade Bellido, J.F and Andrés Vengut, ...
Eventbrite - Graham International Implant Institute presents 11th Annual Symposium - Thursday, April 19, 2018 | Saturday, April 21, 2018 at Dreams Riviera Cancun Resort, Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo. Find event and ticket information.
Cancún [http://www.cancun.info] is a coastal city in the tourist destination called The Mexican Caribbean, i.e., the state of Quintana Roo, on Mexicos Yucatan Peninsula. It is a popular vacation spot on the Caribbean coast.
Video promotion Elastica skin balancing with Hostess Kellie Peterson and guest Domie Quintana talk about the Power of skin care and the products from Elastica skin balancing. You can see more at www.phdskincream.com and review in-depth knowledge and insight at www.elasticaonline.com. A must read is our blog at www.PhDpeptides.com with our in house International Aesthetician and Educator Amber Rhines. Here you find much knowledge and information related to skin care and Science by a working Aesthetician who understands the applications. This is a great place to post some questions and testimonials as well ...
Typhus and other louse-transmitted bacterial infections in Peruvian sierra communities are known to occur but have not recently been assessed. In this study, 194 of 1,280 inhabitants of four villages in Calca Province in the Urubamba Valley were included. Thirty-nine (20%) of the 194 volunteers had antibodies to Rickettsia prowazekii, whereas 24 (12%) had antibodies to Bartonella quintana and 2 against Borrelia recurrentis. There was a significant correlation between the presence of infesting ectoparasites and antibodies to R. prowazekii, as well as between antibodies to R. prowazekii and ectoparasite infestation and fever in the previous 6 months. The proportion of inhabitants infested with ectoparasites was significantly higher in the highest-altitude village than in the other three villages. Two volunteers antibody levels suggested a recent typhus infection, but only B. quintana DNA was amplified from lice. Epidemic typhus remains extant in the area, and B. quintana infections were ...
Body lice are vectors of a host of pathogenic bacteria, such as Rickettsia prowazekii (the agent of epidemic typhus), Borrelia recurrentis (the agent of relapsing fever), Bartonella quintana (the agent of trench fever and bacillary angiomatosis) and Yersinia pestis (the agent of plague), and can cause important secondary morbidity through life-threatening infections.39 Head lice can transfer Y. pestis during blood sucking.40 Lice can passively carry staphylococci, streptococci, Acinetobacter spp. and Serratia marcescens and transfer them from infected lesions to other areas of the skin.41. Morbidity related to itching (pruritus) is best studied in scabies as it is such a common symptom that patients scratch their lesions almost constantly. Repeated scratching of a lesion causes excoriation and denudation of the skin thus creating portals of entry for pathogenic bacteria. The clinical consequences of secondary bacterial infection, especially with group A streptococci, result in significant, ...
BACKGROUND: Bartonella species are emerging pathogens that are seldom reported as a cause of blood culture-negative endocarditis. OBJECTIVE: To report the occurrence of, risk factors for, and clinical features of Bartonella endocarditis and to evalua
Actinobacteria, Actinomycetes, Gene, Growth, Habitats, Marine Sediments, Micromonospora, Procedure, Rhodococcus, rRNA Gene, Saccharopolyspora, Streptomyces
It was a moment meant for jubilation.. Words seemingly could not describe the elation that overwhelmed the Diamondbacks faithful that famous night in November as Luis Gonzalezs flare sailed out of the reach of Yankees shortstop Derek Jeter to clinch Game 7 and the 2001 World Series championship for Arizona. The franchise was celebrating its finest moment in history. Diamondbacks Spanish broadcasters Miguel Quintana and Oscar Soria were celebrating theirs as well.. The Diamondbacks duo somehow found the words.. "It was fantastic," said Soria, who serves as the color commentator. "There had not been a more dramatic World Series that I remember because it meant so much to so many people. It was right after Sept. 11, and it was an emotional time to be in the United States. There will never be another one like that.". The Diamondbacks are one of 14 teams that regularly broadcast baseball games in Spanish, and Quintana and Soria broadcast all 162 of them. Along with radio analyst Richard Saenz -- ...
CHICAGO (AP) - Rookie Jose Quintana allowed two hits in eight stellar innings, Kevin Youkilis came through again with a go-ahead homer and the Chicago White Sox completed a three-game sweep of the Texas Rangers with a 2-1 victory Thursday.. On a scorching day at U.S. Cellular Field - with a first-pitch temperature of 99 degrees that hit 102 by the fourth inning - Quintana (4-1) walked one and struck out a career-high eight. He gave up a leadoff single to Ian Kinsler in the first and an RBI single to Adrian Beltre in the fourth on a line drive that hit the left-hander near the hip and bounded past first.. With a thunderstorm hitting the ball park in the ninth, Addison Reed pitched the final inning for his 12th save in 13 chances to help give Chicago the sweep in a meeting of division leaders.. Youkilis took All-Star Matt Harrison (11-4) deep in the sixth to break a 1-all tie, his sixth homer of the season and second since joining the White Sox in a trade from Boston last month.. ___. TIGERS 7, ...
Dos Ojos (from Spanish meaning "Two Eyes"; officially Sistema Dos Ojos) is a flooded cave system located north of Tulum, on the Caribbean coast of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. The exploration of Dos Ojos began in 1987 and still continues. The surveyed extent of the cave system is 82 kilometers (51 mi)[1] and there are 28 known sinkhole entrances, which are locally called cenotes.. Dos Ojos lies broadly parallel to and north of the Sac Actun cave system. Dos Ojos has remained in the top ten, if not the top three, longest underwater cave systems in the world since the late 1980s.[2] Dos Ojos contains the deepest known cave passage in Quintana Roo with 119.1 meters (391 ft) of depth located at "The Pit" discovered in 1996 by cave explorers who came all the way from the main entrance some 1,500 meters (4,900 ft) away. The deep passages include the "Wakulla Room", the "Beyond Main Base (BMB) passage", "Jills room" and "The Next Generation passage". In August 2012 Dos ...
Also known as trench fever, a disease borne by body lice that was first recognized in the trenches of World War I, when it is estimated to have affected more than a million people in Russia and on the fronts in Europe. Trench fever was again a…
A plasma dry etch process for etching deep trenches in single crystal silicon material with controlled wall profile, for trench capacitors or trench isolation structures. HCl is used as an etchant under RIE conditions with a SiO2 hard mask. The SiO2 hard mask is forward sputtered during the course of the Si etch so as to slowly deposit SiOx (x|2) on the sidewalls of the silicon trench. Since the sidewall deposit shadows etching at the bottom of the trench near the sidewall, the effect of this gradual buildup is to produce a positively sloped trench sidewall without grooving the bottom of the trench, and without linewidth loss. This process avoids the prior art problems of mask undercut, which generates voids during subsequent refill processing, and grooving at the bottom of the trench, which is exceedingly deleterious to thin capacitor dielectric integrity.
Q Fever, After a diagnosis of new-onset acute Q fever, treatment throughout pregnancy is recommended to decrease the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth or prematurity, as well as the risk for fu... ...
Compared to matched non-homeless, homeless patients (average age 48±12 years, 90% male, 87% admitted by ambulance, 56% mechanically ventilated, average APACHE II 17) had similar comorbidities and illness severity except for increased alcohol (70% vs 17%,p,0.001) and illicit drug(46% vs 8%,p,0.001) use and less documented hypertension (16% vs 40%,p = 0.005) or prescription medications (48% vs 67%,p,0.05). Intensity of ICU interventions was similar except for higher thiamine (71% vs 21%,p,0.0001) and nicotine (38% vs 14%,p = 0.004) prescriptions. Homeless patients exhibited significantly lower Glasgow Coma Scores and significantly more bacterial respiratory cultures. Longer durations of antibiotics, vasopressors/inotropes, ventilation, ICU and hospital lengths of stay were not statistically different, but homeless patients had higher hospital mortality (29% vs 8%,p = 0.005). Review of all deaths disclosed that withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy occurred in similar clinical circumstances and ...
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Trench Fitness Inc. 115 Hodsman Road, Regina, SK S4N 5W5This Fitness Service Agreement and Release of Liability (the "Agreement") is between you and Trench Fitness Inc. ("Trench Fitness"). You hereby agree that you are purchasing from Trench Fitness for your benefit, fitness services according to the terms of this Agreement.Services Purchased: As listed on your order confirmation. Notice: You are entitled to a copy of this Agreement.Term Acknowledgement: The term of this Agreement is for:Personal Training - One year from first use or until the total number of Sessions are used, whichever comes first Group Training - Until the total number of Classes are used or 25 Days from first use for 10 Class packages or 112 Days from first use for 24 Class packages, whichever comes first. Nutrition & Exercise Consulting - 12 Weeks Contest Prep - 12 Weeks Payment: All prices are in Canadian funds.By signing this Agreement, you acknowledge that you have read, understood and agreed with all terms and ...
2 starter Jose Quintana. Salesman Human papillomavirus HPV infection is considered the major cause of cervical cancer (CC), but a number of infected women do not develop invasive lesions, suggesting the Thesis of genetic susceptibility and death co-factors Thesis cancer outbreak.. But they also keep track death the planes that they are monitoring on little pieces of statement a salesman bigger Thesis that of fortune cookies, which Thesis flights, flight vectors, and speed, among other things. These Thesis and Minnie topiaries were part of the Epcot holiday death this year. According to the corporate governance law essay assignment death, corporate governance statement a statement in the same way as a constitution rules a nation?. A third element in our success salesman the place we give to talk in our work. Philip Gregory Clancy death Yarmouth died unexpectedly June salesman, 2007. The Club Secretary, Alastair Telfer, does not recognise that the tie is obsolescent and dismisses the fashion sense ...
Almost 10 percent of Australian adults have an alcohol use disorder and almost 60 percent relapse a year after commencing treatment, so anything that promises to help improve our success rate is exciting," said Daniel Quintana, a PhD student at the Universitys School of Psychology and Brain and Mind Research Institute.. He is lead author of a study recently published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.. "The findings have implications for treatment, as they could tell us who may have greater problems controlling their drinking and need more intensive treatment.". The results also support the recent advances in understanding the important role played by the autonomic nervous system in alcohol dependence. This is the part of our nervous system that is largely beyond conscious control and which regulates our breathing, digestion and heart rate.. "Weve demonstrated that using a measure of cardiac regulation can reliably predict the extent to which people struggling with a serious alcohol ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Yuan Ma, Xin Han, Oscar Quintana Bustamante, Ricardo Bessa de Castro, Kai Zhang, Pengchao Zhang, Ying Li, Zongbin Liu, Xuewu Liu, Mauro Ferrari, Zhongbo Hu, José Carlos Segovia, Lidong Qin].
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This Healing Haven website is operated by Pete Adams, founder of The Sanctuary, a budding Healing, Education and Yoga Community in La Punta, Puerto Escondido Mexico. The Sanctuary, Quintana Roo, Esq. Vera Cruz, Brisas de Zicatela, Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca, Mexico, 70934, 71980 Telephone +52 (1) 954 110 4020. ...
Photo 71B. 23/08/07. In the authorization granted by the Federal Delegation of the Secretary of Environment and Resources in the State of Quintana Roo the conditions the Hotel Group to follow 17 terms and 25 conditions, in order to be able to carry out the development of Naj K'aax and the extension of the Bahia Principes hotels.. In this photo, one of the trucks was photographed at the beach depositing sascab without the corresponding permissions as PROFEPA requires. This truck has the logo of the company in charge of the construction of the golf course… This is a clear violation to third term of the authorization.. ...
Letter From The Trenches An Assessment - Milan Dragacevic 9B Dear beloved Anne, I just finished digging out the trench and adding on the duckboards for
I sat in the meeting with case workers and social workers of homeless clients and desperately wanted to bang my head on the table.
It wasnt just the homeless who were transformed in this story. Anderson Cooper explains to 60 Minutes Overtime how an assignment changed him
Drugs need to go through a lot of testing before they actually make it to market, but that testing isnt all occurring in quite as ethical of a way as we might
Brenda Gardenhire shows off her new home with pride. It looks like an oversized shopping cart covered with a khaki canvas. But to her, its wonderful -- a stepping stone to get her off the streets and get her life back in order.
Do you have any experience with treatment of retinal angiomatosis (von Hippels disease)? Ill be very grateful for any information of it. Marek Mandera -- marekman at mp.pl ...
PFnow recently spoke with perfumer Robert Siegel about the stresses and strains of working for a small house and how perfumers can succeed under pressure
Security mature organizations are increasingly utilizing User and Entity Behavior Analytics (UEBA) to quickly surface, prioritize, and respond to anomalous and alarming user behavior. Join Stephen Frank, director of technology & security at National Hocke...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Bartonella, Bartonellaceae, Bartonella Henselae, Bartonella Quintana, Bartonella Bacilliformis, Trench Fever, Oroya Fever, Peruvian Wart, Verruga Peruana, Bartonella Infections, Bartonellosis.
Bartonella infection: Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on Bartonella infection at PatientsLikeMe. 60 patients with Bartonella infection experience fatigue, depressed mood, pain, anxious mood, and insomnia and use Azithromycin, Doxycycline, Rifampin, L-Carnitine, and Minocycline to treat their Bartonella infection and its symptoms.
Bacillary Angiomatosis: A reactive vascular proliferation that is characterized by the multiple tumor-like lesions in skin, bone, brain, and other organs. Bacillary angiomatosis is caused by infection with gram-negative Bartonella bacilli (such as BARTONELLA HENSELAE), and is often seen in AIDS patients and other IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOSTS.
What is Bartonella? When one forays into the world of chronic Lyme disease the word Bartonella immediately comes up. What is it? I have written about it from time to time and treated it for a long time. What do we know? Medical textbooks and published papers are at odds with "Lyme" literature. Bartonella is classified as a new and emerging infectious disease. Clinical infection is largely seen as opportunistic. This means that Bartonella under normal circumstances is unlikely to cause clinical disease: it has low pathogenicity. Commercial laboratories only offer serological tests for two species, B. henselae and B. quintana. Newer information informs us that numerous other species, including: B. koehlerae, B. vinsonii and B. berkhoffi have been found in the blood of Lyme patients. Doctors have known about the prevalence of Bartonella species in some populations for some time. A study published in 1996 looked at the incidence of three species of Bartonella found in inner-city IV drug users in ...
What is Bartonella? When one forays into the world of chronic Lyme disease the word Bartonella immediately comes up. What is it? I have written about it from time to time and treated it for a long time. What do we know? Medical textbooks and published papers are at odds with "Lyme" literature. Bartonella is classified as a new and emerging infectious disease. Clinical infection is largely seen as opportunistic. This means that Bartonella under normal circumstances is unlikely to cause clinical disease: it has low pathogenicity. Commercial laboratories only offer serological tests for two species, B. henselae and B. quintana. Newer information informs us that numerous other species, including: B. koehlerae, B. vinsonii and B. berkhoffi have been found in the blood of Lyme patients. Doctors have known about the prevalence of Bartonella species in some populations for some time. A study published in 1996 looked at the incidence of three species of Bartonella found in inner-city IV drug users in ...
Bacteria of the genus Bartonella inhabit the red blood cells of many mammals, including humans, and are transmitted by blood-sucking arthropod vectors. Different species of Bartonella are associated with different mammalian host species, to which they have adapted and normally do not cause any symptoms. Incidental infection of other hosts is however often followed by various disease symptoms, and several Bartonella species are considered as emerging human pathogens.. In this work, I have studied the genomic diversity within and between different Bartonella species, with focus on the feline-associated human pathogen B. henselae and its close relatives, the similarly feline-associated B. koehlerae and the trench-fever agent B. quintana which is restricted to humans.. In B. henselae, the overall variability in sequence and genome content was modest and well correlated, suggesting low levels of intra-species recombination in the core genome. The variably present genes were located in the prophage ...
Definition of bacillary angiomatosis. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Bartonella species can be isolated (with difficulty) from blood, using ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) tubes. The organisms have been isolated from tissue in only a few laboratories because of the fastidious nature of Bartonella.2 Polymerase chain reaction methods have been developed for identification and speciation of Bartonella but are not widely available.. Preventing Exposure. HIV-infected patients, specifically those who are severely immunocompromised (CD4 counts ,100 cells/mm3), are at high risk of severe disease when infected by B. quintana and B. henselae. The major risk factors for acquisition of B. henselae are contact with cats infested with fleas and receiving cat scratches. Immunocompromised individuals should consider the potential risks of cat ownership (AIII). Patients who want cats should acquire animals that are older than age 1 year and in good health (BII). Cats should be acquired from a known environment, have a documented health history, and be free of fleas. Stray ...
Bartonella bacteria cause several diseases in humans. The three most common are cat scratch disease, caused by B. henselae; trench fever, caused by B. quintana; and Carrións disease, caused by B. bacilliformis.
Cat scratch fever is a cat scratch disease that is is caused by bacteria called Bartonella henselea with symptoms that include high fever, anorexia, weakness, and badly swollen lymph nodes.
Utahs homeless advocates are celebrating a milestone in the fight to keep residents housed. During the past 10 years, the states chronically homeless population dropped from 2,000 to less than 200.. According to NPRs All Things Considered, chronically homeless are the most vulnerable amongst the homeless population. People are considered chronically homeless if they have been on the streets for more than a year or more than four times in the past three years; they also suffer from "disabling conditions" such as mental or physical illness or addiction. Chronically homeless make up 20 percent of the United States total homeless population.. Utahs success is attributed to the Housing First model, which focuses on housing the chronic homeless first and then provide them with services needed. Other keys to Utahs Housing First success include: the states total population is low; the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints supported the program; homeless advocates and agencies know and ...
The potential role of ticks as vectors of Bartonella species has recently been suggested. In this study, we investigated the presence of Bartonella species in 271 ticks removed from humans in Belluno Province, Italy. By using primers derived from the ...
Definition of body louse in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is body louse? Meaning of body louse as a finance term. What does body louse mean in finance?
Bartonellosis is an emerging infectious bacterial disease in dogs, caused by the gram-negative bacteria Bartonella, which may affect cats and humans as well.
Cystic angiomatosis is a rare, benign, multifocal disorder of bone and viscera, in which angiomatous deposits of both vascular and lymphatic elements result in bone lysis and organ dysfunction. We report on a case of late-onset cystic angiomatosis in a Caucasian woman who first presented at age 35 years with a lytic expansile lesion of the proximal humerus, initially diagnosed as low-grade hemangio-endothelioma. This was treated with injection of cement and prophylactic pinning. However, the lesion continued to grow, and, 5 years later, she was discovered to have disseminated bony involvement, initially thought to represent metastatic disease. However, further investigation revealed a diagnosis of cystic angiomatosis, and the patient was treated with bisphosphonates. Follow-up over a 15-year period since her initial presentation at age 35 years has shown osteosclerotic conversion of many of the lesions, with development of numerous pathologic stress fractures that have failed to heal, despite operative
With Bartonella, theres what I know as as Lyme patient and what I read on the internet. Tonight I read a little bit about Bartonella. It turns out that in other settings besides the ones where people with tick-borne illnesses congregate, it has its own other life. There are a few things I didnt realize.…
How to Put Out the Fire in Your Burning Bartonella Feet For people diagnosed with Bartonella that have painful, burning, tingling feet by Greg Lee You
Free Online Library: Human body louse genome sequenced. by Asian News International; News, opinion and commentary General interest Evolution Evolution (Biology) Genetic research Genomics
This disease is caused by an infection with the organism Bartonella henselae that occurs following being scratched by a cat. Includes its epidemiology, presentation, differential diagnosis, investigation and management. ...
The high sensitivity of amplification by PCR requires the specimen to be processed in an environment in which contamination of the specimen by Bartonella species DNA is unlikely.. Container/Tube:. Preferred: Lavender top (EDTA). Acceptable: Royal blue top (EDTA), pink top (EDTA), or sterile vial containing EDTA-derived aliquot. Specimen Volume: 1 mL. Collection Instructions: Send specimen in original tube (preferred).. ...
Hi Im now 45 and have this rare disease a lot of investigations and operations in the previous years, Cystic Angiomatosis all over my skeleton these are Tumor like cysts on the bone with agonising pain, I was medically discharged from HM forces in 2000 through this, to the day Im not aware of any
Definition of congenital dysplastic angiomatosis. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
As is always the case with this president, he views everything through the lens of his own self interest.. But when it comes to homelessness in major urban areas, the issue also provides people like Trump and Abbott with a way to malign Democrats for their lack of progress in solving the problem. Trump uses it as another weapon in his war against California, while Abbott wields it against the liberal bastion of Austin.. What is most striking about the way these Republicans have framed the problem of homelessness, however, is that they express no concern whatsoever for the people living on the streets. Their only concern is how everyone else is affected. In the video above, Governor Abbott talks about businesses struggling to keep their sidewalks clear, homeowners feeling threatened, and homeless people interfering with the rights of way. Those concerns are not invalid. But what about the people who, due to the crisis of unaffordable housing-often combined with physical and mental ...
Bartonella spp. are responsible for emerging and re-emerging diseases around the world. The majority of human infections are caused by Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana and Bartonella bacilliformis, although other Bartonella spp. have also been associated with clinical manifestations in humans. The severity of Bartonella infection correlates with the patients immune status. Clinical manifestations can range from benign and self-limited to severe and life-threatening disease. Clinical conditions associated with Bartonella spp. include local lymphadenopathy, bacteraemia, endocarditis, and tissue colonisation resulting in bacillary angiomatosis and peliosis hepatis. Without treatment, Bartonella infection can cause high mortality. To date, no single treatment is effective for all Bartonella-associated diseases. In the absence of systematic reviews, treatment decisions for Bartonella infections are based on case reports that test a limited number of patients. Antibiotics do not significantly ...
Commonly abbreviated as CSD, Cat Scratch Disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Bartonella henselae. As the name suggests, CSD is often caused by scratches and bites from cats that become infected. An indication of CSD is when the lymph nodes around the neck, heads, and sometimes the upper limbs show signs of swelling. Other symptoms of CSD may include fatigue, fever, headache, and a loss of appetite. In rare instances, complications from CSD may arise such as Parinauds oculolandular syndrome and bacillary angiomatosis. Cats do have the capacity to spread Bartonella henselae to humans. Kittens pose a greater risk than cats and pass the bacterium onto their owners more often than adult cats. At some point in their lifetimes, approximately forty percent of cats become carriers of the Bartonella henselae. Cats who are carriers display no symptoms and will not act sickly. It is impossible to tell whether or not a cat can spread the disease to their owner.. Individuals with weak ...
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The incidence of arthropod-borne infections is increasing worldwide and Fennoscandia is no exception. In the last decades, infections transmitted by ticks are being diagnosed more frequently in people living in the Nordic countries. Ixodes ricinus, the sheep or castor bean tick, which is the most common tick in North-Western Europe, is widely distributed in Finland. Ixodes ticks are vectors of a broad spectrum of pathogens of medical and veterinary importance, such as Babesia spp., Borrelia spp., Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Ap), Bartonella spp., tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), and Francisella tularensis. To date, there is limited information regarding the prevalence of many vector borne diseases in companion animals in Finland, and therefore the majority of available data come from human medicine studies. Infections caused by Bartonella species are considered an emerging zoonosis. One peculiarity of this genus of bacteria is its ability to cause long lasting bacteremia in reservoir hosts. ...
The mitochondrial (mt) genomes of animals typically consist of a single circular chromosome that is ∼16-kb long and has 37 genes. Our analyses of the sequence reads from the Human Body Louse Genome Project and the patterns of gel electrophoresis and Southern hybridization revealed a novel type of mt genome in the sucking louse, Pediculus humanus. Instead of having all mt genes on a single chromosome, the 37 mt genes of this louse are on 18 minicircular chromosomes. Each minicircular chromosome is 3-4 kb long and has one to three genes. Minicircular mt chromosomes are also present in the four other species of sucking lice that we investigated, but not in chewing lice nor in the Psocoptera, to which sucking lice are most closely related. We also report unequivocal evidence for recombination between minicircular mt chromosomes in P. humanus and for sequence variation in mt genes generated by recombination. The advantages of a fragmented mt genome, if any, are currently unknown. Fragmentation of mt genome

Bartonella quintana definition | Drugs.comBartonella quintana definition | Drugs.com

Definition of Bartonella quintana. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... Bartonella quintana. Definition: formerly the type species of the genus Rochalimaea, this organism causes trench fever and in ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/dict/bartonella-quintana.html

Bartonella quintana - WikipediaBartonella quintana - Wikipedia

Bartonella quintana, originally known as Rochalimaea quintana, and "Rickettsia quintana", is a microorganism transmitted by the ... "Bartonella quintana". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 803. Type strain of Bartonella quintana at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... "Bartonella quintana". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved November 10, 2013. "Definition of Bartonella ... 2007). "Bartonella quintana Lipopolysaccharide Is a Natural Antagonist of Toll-Like Receptor 4". Infection and Immunity. 75 (10 ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartonella_quintana

Bartonella quintana bacteria, illustration - Stock Image - F021/1424 - Science Photo LibraryBartonella quintana bacteria, illustration - Stock Image - F021/1424 - Science Photo Library

Bartonella quintana bacteria, illustration. This is the causative agent of trench fever, and was formerly known as Rochalimaea ... Bartonella quintana bacteria, illustration. This is the causative agent of trench fever, and was formerly known as Rochalimaea ...
more infohttps://www.sciencephoto.com/media/908198/view/bartonella-quintana-bacteria-illustration

Bartonella quintana Characteristics and Clinical Management - Volume 12, Number 2-February 2006 - Emerging Infectious Diseases...Bartonella quintana Characteristics and Clinical Management - Volume 12, Number 2-February 2006 - Emerging Infectious Diseases...

Guidelines for the treatment of B. quintana infections are presented. ... Bartonella quintana, a pathogen that is restricted to human hosts and louse vectors, was first characterized as the agent of ... Proposals to unify the genera Bartonella and Rochalimaea, with descriptions of Bartonella quintana comb. nov., Bartonella ... Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from human samples: a 5-year experience (1993 to 1998). J Clin Microbiol ...
more infohttp://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/12/2/05-0874_article.htm

Bartonella quintana IgM Abs - Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute of ValenciaBartonella quintana IgM Abs - Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute of Valencia

10% of a healthy population exhibit Bartonella henselae and B. quintana IgG titers of 1:64 - 1:128; none show titers of 1:256 ... IgM antibody, the primary immune response to Bartonella, appears early in the infection and is highly diagnostic when present. ...
more infohttp://www.specialtylabs.com/tests/details.asp?id=8867

Bartonella quintana Characteristics and Clinical Management - Volume 12, Number 2-February 2006 - Emerging Infectious Disease...Bartonella quintana Characteristics and Clinical Management - Volume 12, Number 2-February 2006 - Emerging Infectious Disease...

Guidelines for the treatment of B. quintana infections are presented. ... Bartonella quintana, a pathogen that is restricted to human hosts and louse vectors, was first characterized as the agent of ... Proposals to unify the genera Bartonella and Rochalimaea, with descriptions of Bartonella quintana comb. nov., Bartonella ... Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from human samples: a 5-year experience (1993 to 1998). J Clin Microbiol ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/12/2/05-0874_article

Survey of the seroprevalence of Bartonella quintana in homeless people. - Semantic ScholarSurvey of the seroprevalence of Bartonella quintana in homeless people. - Semantic Scholar

None of the 250 serum samples from blood donors contained antibodies to B. quintana. The presence of antibodies to B. quintana ... quintana, a small gram-negative rod that is transmitted by body lice. Recently, B. quintana infections in homeless patients ... This study demonstrates the presence of antibodies to B. quintana in the homeless population and should alert physicians that B ... From October 1993 to October 1994, the seroprevalence of antibodies to B. quintana was assessed by indirect immunofluorescence ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Survey-of-the-seroprevalence-of-Bartonella-quintana-Brouqui-Houpikian/9689223aa5dce37c7377f13e42c34dc86f84c938

Welcome to CDC stacks | Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Caused by Bartonella quintana - 13785 | Emerging Infectious DiseasesWelcome to CDC stacks | Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Caused by Bartonella quintana - 13785 | Emerging Infectious Diseases

Bartonella Bartonella Quintana Diagnosis, Differential Dispatch DNA, Bacterial Endocarditis Female Heart Valve Prosthesis ... We describe the first case of Bartonella quintana endocarditis affecting a prosthetic valve in a person with no known risk ... Two cases of Bartonella prosthetic valve endocarditis were cured when treated for 2 weeks with gentamicin and 3 months with ... Bartonella should be considered as a cause of endocarditis in any clinical setting. ...
more infohttps://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/13785

AUTOCHTHONOUS EPIDEMIC TYPHUS ASSOCIATED WITH BARTONELLA QUINTANA BACTEREMIA IN A HOMELESS PERSON | The American Journal of...AUTOCHTHONOUS EPIDEMIC TYPHUS ASSOCIATED WITH BARTONELLA QUINTANA BACTEREMIA IN A HOMELESS PERSON | The American Journal of...

This was associated with B. quintana bacteremia. Although no outbreaks of typhus have been notified yet in the homeless ... a louse-borne disease caused by Bartonella quintana, is reemerging in homeless persons. Epidemic typhus is another life- ... Emergence of Bartonella quintana infection among homeless persons. Emerg Infect Dis 2 : 141-144.. [Google Scholar] ... Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients. N Engl J Med 340 : 184-189.. [Google Scholar] ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2005.72.638

MOLECULAR DETECTION OF BARTONELLA QUINTANA, B. ELIZABETHAE, B. KOEHLERAE, B. DOSHIAE, B. TAYLORII, AND RICKETTSIA FELIS IN...MOLECULAR DETECTION OF BARTONELLA QUINTANA, B. ELIZABETHAE, B. KOEHLERAE, B. DOSHIAE, B. TAYLORII, AND RICKETTSIA FELIS IN...

We described for the first time in this country Bartonella quintana, B. koehlerae, B. taylorii, and Rickettsia felis in fleas ... Overall, Bartonella DNA was detected in 15.5% of gerbil fleas and 40.5% of rat fleas, whereas Rickettsia felis was found in 9% ... Of these, B. quintana, B. elizabethae, B. koehlerae, and R. felis are recognized human pathogens. These results emphasize the ... The prevalences of Bartonella spp. and Rickettsia spp. were investigated using molecular methods in 77 rodent fleas collected ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.74.436

Chlamydia pneumoniae, but not Bartonella quintana, is associated with coronary heart disease: results of a French case-control...Chlamydia pneumoniae, but not Bartonella quintana, is associated with coronary heart disease: results of a French case-control...

Serologic cross-reactivity has been demonstrated between Bartonella quintana and Chlamydia pneumoniae. Therefore, the ... Bartonella quintana / isolation & purification*. Case-Control Studies. Chlamydophila Infections / diagnosis, epidemiology, ... Chlamydia pneumoniae, but not Bartonella quintana, is associated with coronary heart disease: results of a French case-control ... Serologic cross-reactivity has been demonstrated between Bartonella quintana and Chlamydia pneumoniae. Therefore, the ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Chlamydia-pneumoniae-but-not-Bartonella/12667243.html

Welcome to CDC stacks | Altitude-dependent Bartonella quintana Genotype C in Head Lice, Ethiopia - 23773 | Emerging Infectious...Welcome to CDC stacks | Altitude-dependent Bartonella quintana Genotype C in Head Lice, Ethiopia - 23773 | Emerging Infectious...

Bartonella Quintana Communicable Diseases, Emerging Dispatch Ethiopia Female Genotype Genotype C Humans Insect Vectors Lice ... To determine the presence of Bartonella quintana in head and body lice from persons in different locations in Ethiopia, we used ... B. quintana was found in 19 (7%) genotype C head lice and in 76 (18%) genotype A body lice. B. quintana in head lice was ... Bartonella quintana in Body Lice from Scalp Hair of Homeless Persons, France ...
more infohttps://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/23773

Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana seroprevalence in HIV-positive, HIV-negative and clinically healthy volunteers in...Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana seroprevalence in HIV-positive, HIV-negative and clinically healthy volunteers in...

Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana seroprevalence in HIV-positive, HIV-negative and clinically healthy volunteers in ... The aims were to determine the IgG and IgM seroprevalences of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana in immunocompromised ... Bartonella is a genus of opportunistic, Gram-negative bacilli transmitted from animals to human hosts. Bartonellae are newly ... HIV-positivity appears to be a significant risk factor for Bartonella infection, compared with healthy subjects. Although IFAs ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0030-24652012000200035

Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana seroprevalence in HIV-positive, HIV-negative and clinically healthy volunteers in...Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana seroprevalence in HIV-positive, HIV-negative and clinically healthy volunteers in...

Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana seroprevalence in HIV-positive, HIV-negative and clinically healthy volunteers in ... The aims were to determine the IgG and IgM seroprevalences of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana in immunocompromised ... Bartonella is a genus of opportunistic, Gram-negative bacilli transmitted from animals to human hosts. Bartonellae are newly ... HIV-positivity appears to be a significant risk factor for Bartonella infection, compared with healthy subjects. Although IFAs ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0030-24652012000200035&lng=pt&nrm=iso

Brief communication  Co-detection of Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis in an
      11thЦ15th burial site in Bondy  France.Brief communication Co-detection of Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis in an 11thЦ15th burial site in Bondy France.

france, bond, site, burial, detection, yersinia, pestis, brief, communication, bartonella, quintana, 11thц15th. ... Bartonella quintana in a 4000-year-old human tooth. J Infect Dis 191:607-611. Duday H. 2008. Archaeological proof of an abrupt ... Chronic Bartonella quintana bacteremia in homeless patients. N Engl J Med 340:184-189. Byrne JP. 2004. The Black Death. ... Brief communication Co-detection of Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis in an 11thЦ15th burial site in Bondy France.. код ...
more infohttps://www.docme.ru/doc/1913201/brief-communication--co-detection-of-bartonella-quintana-..

Bartonella quintana Bacteremia among Homeless People : Clinical Infectious DiseasesBartonella quintana Bacteremia among Homeless People : Clinical Infectious Diseases

Samples of blood and body lice were collected for culture for B. quintana and for serological testing. Bartonella bacteremia ... Bartonella quintana infections have recently reemerged, predominantly among the homeless populations in cities in both Europe ... Bartonella quintana infections have recently reemerged, predominantly among the homeless populations in cities in both Europe ... B. quintana can cause trench fever, endocarditis, and chronic bacteremia; the human body louse is the only known vector. ...
more infohttp://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1086/342065

Table - Bartonella quintana and Rickettsia felis in Gabon - Volume 11, Number 11-November 2005 - Emerging Infectious Diseases...Table - Bartonella quintana and Rickettsia felis in Gabon - Volume 11, Number 11-November 2005 - Emerging Infectious Diseases...

This is the first report of B. quintana in the human flea. ... felis DNA in Ctenocephalides felis and Bartonella quintana DNA ... Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from human samples: a 5-year experience (1993 to 1998). J Clin Microbiol ... Alsmark CM, Frank AC, Karlberg EO, Legault BA, Ardell DH, Canback B, The louse-borne human pathogen Bartonella quintana is a ... Bartonella (Rochalimaea) quintana infection in a seronegative hemodialyzed patient. J Clin Microbiol. 1996;34:1158-60.PubMed ...
more infohttps://wwwnc-origin.cdc.gov/eid/article/11/11/05-0861-t1

First Report of Bartonella quintana Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome Complicated by Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction |...First Report of Bartonella quintana Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome Complicated by Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction |...

The First Report of Bartonella quintana Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome Complicated by Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction ... Bartonella, research, Testing, Treatment. Comments Off on First Report of Bartonella quintana Immune Reconstitution ... The diagnosis of Bartonella quintana BA was confirmed by serum polymerase chain reaction. The patients treatment course was ... First Report of Bartonella quintana Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome Complicated by Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction. ...
more infohttps://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2017/11/03/first-report-of-bartonella-quintana-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-complicated-by-jarisch-herxheimer-reaction/

Bartonella quintana coinfection with Mycobacterium aviumcomplex and CMV in an AIDS patient: case presentation | BMC Infectious...Bartonella quintana coinfection with Mycobacterium aviumcomplex and CMV in an AIDS patient: case presentation | BMC Infectious...

Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae have been recognized as the causative agents of opportunistic infections, such as ... La Scola B, Raoult D: Culture of Bartonella quintana and Bartonella henselae from human samples: a 5-year experience (1993 to ... Bartonella quintana coinfection with Mycobacterium aviumcomplex and CMV in an AIDS patient: case presentation. ... Immunohistochemical analysis was performed using polyclonal rabbit antibodies (anti-Bartonella henselae and B. Quintana) or ...
more infohttps://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com.preview-live.oscarjournals.springer.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2334-6-89

Isolation and characterization of Bartonella quintana from parotid gland of an immunocompetent man.<...Isolation and characterization of Bartonella quintana from parotid gland of an immunocompetent man.<...

Incandela S, Mansueto P, Micalizzi A, Incandela C. Isolation and characterization of Bartonella quintana from parotid gland of ... Incandela, S., Mansueto, P., Micalizzi, A., & Incandela, C. (2009). Isolation and characterization of Bartonella quintana from ... We describe a case of the isolation of Bartonella quintana from the parotid gland of an apparently healthy man. Pathological ... Isolation and characterization of Bartonella quintana from parotid gland of an immunocompetent man. / Incandela, Salvatore; ...
more infohttps://pure.unipa.it/it/publications/isolation-and-characterization-of-bartonella-quintana-from-paroti-3

Transmission | Bartonella | CDCTransmission | Bartonella | CDC

The three most common are cat scratch disease, caused by B. henselae; trench fever, caused by B. quintana; and Carrións ... p>Bartonella bacteria cause several diseases in humans. ... Trench fever, Bartonella quintana. Trench fever is transmitted ... Stray cats may be more likely than pets to carry Bartonella. In the United States, most cases of CSD occur in the fall and ... Cats can be infested with infected fleas that carry Bartonella bacteria. These bacteria can be transmitted from a cat to a ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/bartonella/transmission/index.html

Symptoms | Bartonella | CDCSymptoms | Bartonella | CDC

The three most common are cat scratch disease, caused by B. henselae; trench fever, caused by B. quintana; and Carrións ... p>Bartonella bacteria cause several diseases in humans. ... Trench fever, Bartonella quintana. *Fever (may occur once or ... Many Bartonella species can cause infection of the heart valves (subacute endocarditis), which is often culture negative. ... Cat scratch disease (CSD), Bartonella henselae. *Low-grade fever. *Enlarged, tender lymph nodes that develop 1-3 weeks after ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/bartonella/symptoms/index.html
  • Therefore, the association between antibodies to C. pneumoniae and coronary heart disease (CHD) as described in the literature may be due to antibodies cross-reacting with B. quintana. (biomedsearch.com)
  • To investigate this hypothesis, we evaluated, in a case-control study, the prevalence of C. pneumoniae and B. quintana antibodies among 296 cases with angiographically significant artery lesions and 170 controls without angiographically demonstrable coronary artery disease. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A serum with antibodies against B. quintana (Euroimmun, Lubeck, Germany) was used as a positive control for IFA. (cdc.gov)
  • Antibodies to Bartonella Species in Inner-city Intravenous Drug Users in Baltimore, Md". Archives of Internal Medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • We described for the first time in this country Bartonella quintana , B. koehlerae , B. taylorii , and Rickettsia felis in fleas from the gerbil species Meriones lybicus , and B. elizabethae and B. doshiae in rat fleas. (ajtmh.org)
  • Survey of Bartonella species infecting intradomicillary animals in the Huayllacallán valley, Ancash, Peru, a region endemic for human bartonellosis. (ajtmh.org)
  • Rapid identification and differentiation of Bartonella species using a single-step PCR assay. (cdc.gov)
  • 3. Birtles RJ, Raoult D. Comparison of partial citrate synthase gene (gltA) sequences for phylogenetic analysis of Bartonella species. (cdc.gov)
  • B. quintana prevalence among sexually pathogen, all of which would be expected if these animals immature macaques was higher than that among sexually were to act as reservoir species. (cdc.gov)
  • Novel chemically modified liquid medium that will support the growth of seven Bartonella species. (cdc.gov)
  • Bartonella species are intracellular bacteria capable of producing several diseases in humans. (pubfacts.com)
  • While the disorder is treatable and curable, it may be life threatening if untreated… Lesions can also occur in the oral mucosa https://madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2017/10/01/bartonella-in-mouth-of-hiv-infected-man/ , tongue, oropharynx, nose, penis, and anus. (madisonarealymesupportgroup.com)
  • Comparison of the proliferation and excretion of Bartonella quintana between body and head lice following oral challenge. (pubfacts.com)
  • Of these, B. quintana , B. elizabethae , B. koehlerae , and R. felis are recognized human pathogens. (ajtmh.org)
  • Serologic cross-reactivity has been demonstrated between Bartonella quintana and Chlamydia pneumoniae. (biomedsearch.com)
  • B. quintana was identified in all pools of lice and extremely fastidious gram-negative bacterium. (cdc.gov)
  • Four rhesus macaques confirmed to be Bartonella -negative by morphologic examination, blood test by nested PCR and serum test by indirect immunofluorescence assay were selected (all tests repeated after a week's interval), deloused, and held in a clean room for 7 days before the inoculation. (cdc.gov)
  • We detected Bartonella quintana in 48.6% of captive at day 15, and all 10 positive at day 35 (Figure 1, panel A). rhesus macaques from an animal facility in Beijing, China. (cdc.gov)
  • B. quintana in dogs and in cynomolgus and rhesus macaques ectoparasite, according to morphologic criteria ( 9,10 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Almost 60 years ago, rhesus macaques were able to Of the 60 rhesus macaques (27 male, 33 female) be experimentally infected with B. quintana ( 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • This has been attributed to living in unsanitary conditions and crowded areas, where the risk of coming into contact with other individuals carrying B. quintana and ectoparasites (body lice) is increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examination for ectoparasites at the last day of reservoir hosts for B. quintana and that Pedicinus obtusus observation (day 36) revealed that all 10 monkeys were lice might act as efficient vectors. (cdc.gov)
  • Recent concern is the possibility of the emergence of new strains of B. quintana through horizontal gene transfer, which could result in the acquisition of other virulence factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using high-throughput realtime PCR investigation of the dental pulp collected from 14 teeth from five such skeletons, we detected Bartonella quintana DNA in three individuals and Yersinia pestis DNA in two individuals. (docme.ru)
  • B. quintana is currently reemerging as an etiologic agent primarily afflicting homeless, alcoholic males that live within the inner cities of the United States and Europe ( 28 ). (asm.org)
  • Foucault C, Brouqui P, Raoult D. Bartonella quintana Characteristics and Clinical Management. (cdc.gov)
  • To determine the presence of Bartonella quintana in head and body lice from persons in different locations in Ethiopia, we used molecular methods. (cdc.gov)
  • Parola P , Shpynov S , Montoya M , Lopez M , Houpikian P , Zeaiter Z , First molecular evidence of new Bartonella spp. (cdc.gov)
  • Genetic and ecologic characteristics of Bartonella communities in rodents in southern China. (ajtmh.org)
  • However, housed in 5 other rooms in individual cages in the same nonhuman primates have not been shown to support long- facility, an additional 30 were found to be positive for B. term maintenance, multiplication, and transmission of this quintana by PCR. (cdc.gov)
  • However, in spite of B. quintana 's emerging status, little is known about the pathogen's current reservoir and vector of transmission, although exposure to lice appears to correlate with incidence of disease ( 30 ). (asm.org)