The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)

The LWb blood group as a marker of prehistoric Baltic migrations and admixture. (1/93)

Archaeological findings and historical records indicate frequent migrations and exchange of genetic material between populations in the Baltic Sea area. However, there have so far been very few attempts to trace migrations in this area using genetic markers. We have studied the Baltic populations with respect to exceptional variations in the frequencies of the Landsteiner-Wiener (LW) blood group. The frequency of the uncommon LWb gene was high in the Balts, around 6% among Latvians and Lithuanians, very low among the other western Europeans (0-0.1%) and apparently absent in Asiatic and African populations. From the Baltic region of peak frequency there was a regular decline of LWb incidence (a descending cline) in the neighboring populations: 4.0% in the Estonians, 2.9% in the Finns, 2. 2% in the Vologda Russians, and 2.0% in the Poles. Thus the distribution of LWb suggests considerable and extensive Baltic admixture, especially in the north and northeast direction. In Southern Sweden with an LWb frequency of 0.3%, the Baltic influence appeared slight, while in the population of the Swedish island Gotland in the middle of the Baltic Sea there was a significantly increased LWb frequency of 1.0% compared with that of Western European countries. The distinction of codominantly inherited LW antigenic forms, LWa and LWb (previously Nea), is known to be due to a single base substitution. Based on our population data, it is plausible that the expansion of this point mutation occurred only once during human history. Furthermore, our data indicate that the expansion of the LWb mutation occurred in Balts and that LWb can be considered a 'Baltic tribal marker', its presence in other populations being an indicator of the degree of Baltic genetic influence.  (+info)

Patterns of smoking in the Baltic Republics. (2/93)

BACKGROUND: Tobacco is a leading cause of avoidable death in the Baltic Republics but there is, as yet, relatively little information in the public domain on who is smoking and how this is changing. This information is important for those seeking to develop effective policies to tackle this issue. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of smoking in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. METHODS: Analysis of data on patterns of tobacco consumption from representative surveys of approximately 3000 adults aged under 65 in each country undertaken in 1997. RESULTS: The prevalence of smoking among men is 53.9%, 56.0%, and 53.2% respectively in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. The corresponding figures for women are 24.1%, 10.9%, and 7.6%. For both sexes, current smoking rates are consistently lowest in the age group 50 to 64 and highest in the age group 35 to 49. Education and income are determinants of smoking rates among men but much less so among women. Russian men are more likely to smoke than are men from the majority group in each country. Smoking rates among women are much lower in rural than in urban areas of Latvia and Lithuania but this is not so in Estonia. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking rates among men in the Baltic Republics are already very high. Among women, they still vary considerably. Each country has implemented some measures to reduce smoking. These seem to have been especially effective in Lithuania but, overall, much more action is needed.  (+info)

Ambient air pollution and respiratory health in the east Baltic region. (3/93)

Air pollutants of primary concern to human health in the east Baltic region include particulate matter and sulfur dioxide. Exposure to elevated levels of nitrogen dioxide and ozone is also widespread. Coal-fired power and heavy industrial plants not fitted with efficient air treatment equipment constitute major sources of air pollution. Domestic heating with coal causes high local levels in some areas. The rapid growth of motor vehicle traffic results in increased emissions, predominantly in densely populated areas. Several epidemiologic studies performed in the east Baltic region, mainly in Poland, have documented an association between air pollution exposure and adverse health effects, primarily in the respiratory tract. Short-term exposure to ambient air pollution has been related to an increase in mortality and hospital admissions for illnesses of the respiratory tract. The associations were mainly seen for particulates or sulfur dioxide, and thus they confirmed the findings from other parts of Europe and the United States.  (+info)

Environmental radioactivity, population exposure and related health risks in the east Baltic region. (4/93)

The paper considers radioactive contamination of the east Baltic region, population exposures, and the risk of damage to human health. Principal sources include global fallout, the Chernobyl accident, and marine transport of radionuclides. A mean annual exposure of 2-3 mSv comes from environmental radioactivity. Main contributors are primarily radon and its decay products. The Chernobyl accident brought an additional dose of about 0.5 mSv in southern Finland and 1.4 mSv in the most contaminated districts of the Leningrad region, Russia. Both external and internal exposure via contaminated food contributed. Currently, significant long-term radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident include persistent radioactive contamination of natural terrestrial (forest) and freshwater (oligotrophic lakes) ecosystems and food products. Radiation health risks are lung cancer among the general population from indoor exposure to radon, acute radiation syndrome from occupational exposure, thyroid cancer among children in heavily contaminated non-Baltic areas, and mutations among offspring of exposed parents.  (+info)

Environmental pollution and human exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the east Baltic region. (5/93)

Environmental contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and human exposure were surveyed in the east Baltic region. Polluted and heavily industrialized areas are upper Silesia in Poland, northern Bohemia in the Czech Republic, and the northeast part of Estonia. In Estonia the pollution is in a defined geographic area, where lung cancer incidence is higher than elsewhere. In Silesia, exposure of some 5 million people appears to be elevated; DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) adduct levels in white blood cells are increased in groups of residents with apparently only environmental exposure. By extrapolation, some 150 annual lung cancer cases could be predicted due to PAH in Silesia. Air levels of benzo[a]pyrene were increased in northern Bohemia, and domestic heating and power plants using brown coal appeared to be major contributors to particulate air pollution in winter. Further studies are needed to assess health risks of PAH exposure in central and eastern Europe.  (+info)

Environmental health in the Baltic region--toxic metals. (6/93)

Recent reports on concentrations of lead, cadmium, methylmercury, arsenic and nickel in some biological media in populations in the Baltic region are reviewed. In particular, children in parts of Poland, the Czech Republic, and Germany have uptakes of lead sufficient to cause adverse effects on the central nervous system and kidneys. Cadmium exposure is also high in Poland. Slight cadmium-induced effects on the kidneys have been reported from Germany and Sweden. Methylmercury uptake is dependent upon the intake of fish, in particular from contaminated lakes and rivers in Sweden and Finland, as well as the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. There are some indications of immunotoxic effects associated with the intake of such fish. However, fish also contain other immunomodulating agents. Exposure to arsenic seems to be low everywhere in the Baltic region. There is high nickel exposure in northern Russia.  (+info)

Environmental health in the east Baltic region--pesticides and persistent organic compounds. (7/93)

Exposure to, and the potential effects of, pesticides and persistent organic pollutants in the East Baltic region are reviewed. Exposure of the average population to chlorinated compounds seems lower than in most of western Europe, and current pesticide use is very low. However, due to infrastructure failures and poor management controls, industrial hot spots and inadequate storage sites exist that cause high risks to small population fractions. The low exposure of the general population is indicated by low concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and biphenyls in milk fat. Chlorophenol concentrations are also generally lower than in Scandinavia. Some organic pesticides have been found at higher concentrations in Baltic countries and the St. Petersburg area than in Norway, but the range is roughly similar to that in central Europe. Thus the overall risk caused by pesticide residues and persistent organic compounds in the Baltic countries and northwestern Russia is low, but local sites of concern exist.  (+info)

Immune response to diphtheria booster vaccine in the Baltic states. (8/93)

A study was done to measure baseline levels of immunity to diphtheria and antibody responses to different doses of diphtheria vaccine in study participants in the three Baltic states. Diphtheria booster vaccines containing either 3 (Estonia and Lithuania), 6 (Latvia), or 12 (Latvia) limit of flocculation units of diphtheria toxoid were administered to 2315 adults. Diphtheria antibody levels were tested before and 1-2 months after vaccination. Before vaccination, 40% of the participants in Estonia, 32% in Lithuania, and 38% in Latvia had antibody levels <0.01 IU/mL, the level for minimum protection. After vaccination, 79% of the participants in Estonia, 83% in Lithuania, and 81% in Latvia had antibody levels >0. 1 IU/mL, the minimum level for full protection. However, in each of the countries, about one-third of the 40- to 49-year-old participants would have benefited from additional doses of vaccine. There was not a significantly different antibody response among persons receiving the three different doses. Age and the level of prevaccination immunity had a modifying effect on the response to vaccination; however, sex did not.  (+info)

The Baltic States, also known as the Baltic countries, refer to a geopolitical region in Northern Europe that comprises three sovereign states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. These nations are located along the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, hence their name. The term "Baltic States" became widely used during the 20th century to refer to these countries, which share historical, cultural, and linguistic ties.

It is important to note that the Baltic States should not be confused with the geographical region known as the Baltic region or Balticum, which includes parts of Russia, Poland, Belarus, Finland, Sweden, and Denmark, in addition to the three Baltic States.

The medical relevance of the Baltic States may include:

1. Sharing similar public health issues and challenges due to geographical proximity and historical context.
2. Collaboration in medical research, education, and healthcare policies.
3. Participation in international health organizations and agreements.
4. Exposure to common environmental factors that might impact public health, such as pollution in the Baltic Sea.

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Born of a merger between The Baltic Independent and The Baltic Observer in 1996, The Baltic Times continues to bring objective ... About The Baltic Times. The Baltic Times is an independent monthly newspaper that covers latest political, economic, business, ... A subscription to The Baltic Times is a cost-effective way of staying in touch with the latest Baltic news and views enabling ... UK warns of Russia military threat to Baltic states. * 2014-07-31 ...
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The Baltic States are urged to implement joint health care projects. (22.10.2010.) ... At todays Session, the joint health-care projects of the Baltic States were also discussed by Didzis Gavars, Latvian Minister ... NewsPress releasesThe Baltic States are urged to implement joint health care projects ... emphasised that the Baltic States need closer integration in several health care areas, and that can be achieved by ...
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  • The Baltic State (German: Baltischer Staat) also known as the Baltic Duchy was a short-lived state created by the Baltic Germans led by the German aristocracy on the territories of present-day Estonia and parts of Latvia in 1918. (wikipedia.org)
  • A report by the committee urged the 28-country alliance to put permanent troops and military equipment in Baltic member nations Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, and for headquarters to be established in the region. (baltictimes.com)
  • The Baltic Times is an independent monthly newspaper that covers latest political, economic, business, and cultural events in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. (baltictimes.com)
  • Unlike Ukraine, the three former Soviet republics in the Baltic region - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - are members of NATO and the European Union. (themoscowtimes.com)
  • The Baltic Assembly is an interparliamentary cooperation organisation of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania established for coordinating the Baltic States' cooperation on the parliamentary level, discussing issues and projects of mutual interest and expressing a common position on political, economic, social and cultural issues on the EU and international level. (saeima.lv)
  • This panel discussion presented NATO's frontline states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania with a different approach to confront Russian aggression in the region. (atlanticcouncil.org)
  • To inform future Baltic States-specific policy analyses, we aimed to provide an overview of cervical cancer epidemiology and existing prevention efforts in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Nordic country has already deployed some 200 military personnel, fighter jets to Estonia and Lithuania and sent a frigate to the east of the Baltic Sea. (ahram.org.eg)
  • After World War II Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia were under Soviet occupation until the 1990s, during which the Baltic population endured russification aimed at culturally "assimilating" the groups within the Soviet Union. (lu.se)
  • 5) The Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) used to be part of the Soviet Union. (lu.se)
  • The risk of attack by Russia on a NATO member state, whilst still small, is significant. (baltictimes.com)
  • The NATO alliance has not considered Russia as an adversary or a potential territorial threat to its member states for 20 years,' said the report. (baltictimes.com)
  • Russia's Foreign Ministry says there are 'whole segments of the Russian world' that may require Moscow's protection, and has singled out Baltic states by saying that Russia will not tolerate an 'offensive' against its language there. (themoscowtimes.com)
  • In the wake of those cases, the Lithuanian State Security Department has urged the men who had refused to serve in the Soviet army in 1990-91 to avoid traveling to Russia and limit their travels to the European Union and NATO member countries. (themoscowtimes.com)
  • This event also featured the launch of the Scowcroft Center's latest issue brief, "The Melians' Revenge: How Small, Frontline, European States can Employ Emerging Technology to Defend against Russia" by Dr. TX Hammes, distinguished research fellow at the Center for Strategic Research, part of the National Defense University. (atlanticcouncil.org)
  • Dr. Hammes opened the discussion by going against the perennial quote from Thucydides "the strong do what they can, the weak suffer what they must", and presented the eastern states with a solution to discourage Russia: utilize new technologies provided by the fourth industrial revolution. (atlanticcouncil.org)
  • New technology from the fourth industrial revolution would also allow the Baltic states' forces to disperse widely and create too many targets for Russia. (atlanticcouncil.org)
  • The Baltic states will win if Russia attacks them , but the Baltic cities will suffer the same fate as Bakhmut and Avdiivka, Ukraine's Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said in an interview with Elta, Delfi reported on March 9. (yahoo.com)
  • If Russia attacks the Baltic states, they 'will bravely defend themselves against the enemy, while NATO will need several days to decide how to respond. (yahoo.com)
  • Russia intends to double the number of its troops deployed along the border with the Baltic states and Finland. (yahoo.com)
  • Prior to that, the German newspaper Bild, citing its own sources in the intelligence services of a European country, reported that Russia might try to attack Europe in late 2024 or early 2025, when the United States would be 'leaderless' and would be able to come to the aid of European states only after some delay. (yahoo.com)
  • Jamestown Foundation Senior Fellow Olevs Nikers was interviewed by TVP World regarding the current state of affairs along Finland's border with Russia. (jamestown.org)
  • Well the usa officially belongs to the world and that includes Russia so I don't see why we would care if they take our states. (politicsforum.org)
  • In terms of troops, Russia outnumbers the current manpower of the Baltic States 5 to 1. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • After Soviet rule the relations between Russia and the three Baltic States have been complicated. (lu.se)
  • and sixth, the frontline states are aware that some NATO nations will not respond. (atlanticcouncil.org)
  • as NATO states are unable to agree on the main threats, their forces are divided between the North and the South. (atlanticcouncil.org)
  • Denmark said on Tuesday it was making a battalion of 800 troops available to NATO in Baltic countries to counter any Russian threat there following Moscow's invasion of Ukraine. (ahram.org.eg)
  • A range of top-level speakers - including two-term European Commissioner and EU maestro of the GATT/WTO negotiations Lord Brittan, and Latvian Ambassador to NATO Imants Leigis, together with government and commercial representatives from each of the Baltic States and Poland - will address an audience drawn from the business and local government communities of the UK's eastern region. (politico.eu)
  • Russia's aggression towards Ukraine raised well founded fears among the Eastern-European members of the NATO alliance, especially the Baltic States. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • The Baltic States are the most exposed to Russia's threat and largely count on the NATO for their security. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • The Baltic States know that their military capabilities will not stand against Russia's aggression as the NATO response might arrive too late. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • A preliminary minimum agreement between NATO members should secure certain capabilities in case of aggression towards Latvia and the Baltic States. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • In the aftermath of threats of Russian aggression and the unlawful invasion of Ukraine, the presence of Russian speaking populations in Baltic States has caused severe internal tensions. (lu.se)
  • The book has been developed in cooperation with the leading Baltic and Norwegian think tanks and experts. (lai.lv)
  • On June 27th, the Atlantic Council's Transatlantic Security Initiative, part of the Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, hosted a panel discussion around defense and deterrence in the Baltic states at the Atlantic Council's headquarters. (atlanticcouncil.org)
  • This is why conventional deterrence has such a vital importance for the three Baltic States, and particularly for Latvia. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • Dolgov's remarks follow a series of Russia's defiant moves against Baltic states. (themoscowtimes.com)
  • Third - as much as possible, merge defenses of the three Baltic States and strengthen relations with other Eastern European countries and Nordic countries. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • Chairs from Australia, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, South Africa, Turkey and the United States of America.2 The provisional texts of the proposed draft elements for a WHO framework convention on tobacco control,3 which had been prepared by the working group, were accepted as a sound basis for initiating negotiations. (who.int)
  • 2], Australia and New Zealand [3] and the were still living at the time of the survey) by United States of America (USA) [4]. (who.int)
  • the 49 states which comprised the united states of America. (who.int)
  • To- bacco consumption and smuggling out of Baltic bacco tax hike is a win-win policy, while in years of countries was on the rise, which caused increase economic boom it has more fiscal benefits and in of sales and revenues. (who.int)
  • 2) In 2008-2009, Baltic years of economic recession it has more public countries had to hike excise and VAT rates in years health benefits. (who.int)
  • Baltic defense forces combined, comprise around 22 000 troops, 448 heavy artillery pieces, no tanks or warplanes. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • The Baltic States, all together ,should increase the number of the troops from 20 000 to 30 000 in order to be more effective in front of 100 000 Russian troops. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • Born of a merger between The Baltic Independent and The Baltic Observer in 1996, The Baltic Times continues to bring objective, comprehensive, and timely information to those with an interest in this rapidly developing area of the Baltic Sea region. (baltictimes.com)
  • Air Battles Over the Baltic 1941: The Air War on 22 June 1941 - The Battle for Stalin's Baltic Region (Hardcover) By Mikhail Timin , Kevin Bridge (Editor) $79.95 Currently unavailable, email or call for more information. (mystgalaxy.com)
  • According to S. Bendrāte, pooling of resources for health care will positively affect the creation of a high-quality and cost-effective health care system in the Baltic region. (saeima.lv)
  • Baltic states could mobilize in hours instead of days, and if Western Europeans buy long-range cruise missiles, which are "cheaper and more survivable than air forces", they could launch them from their own territory, partially solving the time-distance problem of deploying forces to the Baltic Sea region. (atlanticcouncil.org)
  • Far-sighted companies will have also spotted that the Baltic Sea region is a useful trading gateway to the potentially vast markets of the Commonwealth of Independent States. (politico.eu)
  • It will bring together the emerging markets of the Baltic Sea region, but will encourage business leaders to view each market individually. (politico.eu)
  • I hope that the limited results outlined below will be of interest to those interested in the state of scientific research in my region. (lu.se)
  • Our news analysis and commentaries provide readers with insight essential to understanding the three Baltic countries and their neighbors. (baltictimes.com)
  • But look at Bakhmut, look at Avdiivka - this is what the Baltic countries will look like after intense fighting. (yahoo.com)
  • This is why the government will suggest sending a battalion of 800 (soldiers) to Baltic countries,' she said. (ahram.org.eg)
  • Its businesses are attracted by a market of more than 84 million consumers, including the Nordic countries facing onto the Baltic Sea, within which exists some of the world's most liberated economies, a highly-educated skills base and enterprise culture, familiar with high technology and increasingly conversant in English. (politico.eu)
  • While the Globalisation Initiative and the World Exhibition in Shanghai are very important, the Baltic countries should not be overshadowed by them. (norden.ee)
  • RESULTS: Tobacco taxation policy had three simi- lar stages in Baltic countries: (1) In 2004-2007, CONCLUSIONS: Decrease of tobacco affordability tax rates increased slowly and cigarettes became caused by tax hikes and economic recession was more affordable in years of economic boom. (who.int)
  • The Baltic countries ratified the price, inclusive of all taxes, and, should be rather high. (who.int)
  • Cases of tobacco taxation policy in pean Commission database (Euro- consumption in the EU were com- the Baltic countries were presented pean Commission, 2012) and re- missioned by the Philip Morris In- by the tobacco industry sponsored ports as well as from the national ternational. (who.int)
  • 6.5%) in specific reported in aggregated format at the European level and regions of the world, including the Baltic states and other could not be linked to molecular data identified from in- eastern European countries ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • To what extent has academic dishonesty contributed to the well-known gap in research performance between Central Asian countries and other post-Soviet states? (lu.se)
  • Unlike in Western countries, high-ranking officials in the post-Soviet states have often avoided resignation and other serious consequences of plagiarism, academic fraud, and similar offences. (lu.se)
  • This manual is particularly relevant to primary health care providers in the countries of eastern Europe, the Baltic States, and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). (cdc.gov)
  • Aftermath of World War I Baltische Landeswehr Freikorps in the Baltic "[The Unending War? (wikipedia.org)
  • She also expressed gratification about the decision by Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian Prime Ministers to establish a special task force of the Baltic Council of Ministers for dealing with social and health care issues. (saeima.lv)
  • European Union & Council of the Baltic Sea States. (bvsalud.org)
  • One of the obvious and, perhaps, key reasons for this state of affairs is the unrelenting growth of xenophobic and neo-Nazi sentiments in the world. (themoscowtimes.com)
  • At the Baltic Assembly Session held on Friday, 22 October, the Chairperson of the BA Social Affairs Committee, Silva Bendrāte, emphasised that the Baltic States need closer integration in several health care areas, and that can be achieved by implementing specific joint cross-border projects. (saeima.lv)
  • At today's Session, the joint health-care projects of the Baltic States were also discussed by Didzis Gavars, Latvian Minister for Health, Nora Ribokienė, Lithuanian Vice Minister for Health, and Ivi Normet, Deputy Secretary General on Health of the Estonian Ministry of Social Affairs. (saeima.lv)
  • The Latvian Institute of International Affairs, on December 9, held the presentation of the book "Critical infrastructure in the Baltic states and Norway: strategies and practices of protection and communication" . (lai.lv)
  • Thus, as Dr. Hammes argues, harnessing the emerging technology of the fourth revolution, instead of trying to update 20th century technology, could give a massive advantage to the Baltic states and eventually deter a Russian conventional threat. (atlanticcouncil.org)
  • However, in specific contexts, this may raise concerns and a potential threat to the nation state. (lu.se)
  • the state was soon recognised as these aims are at ainable. (who.int)
  • A structured desk review: we compiled and summarized data on current prevention strategies, population demography and epidemiology (high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and cervical cancer incidence and mortality over time) for each Baltic State by reviewing published literature and official guidelines, performing registry-based analyses using secondary data and having discussions with experts in each country. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We observed important similarities in the three Baltic States: high burden of the disease (high incidence and mortality of cervical cancer, changes in TNM (Classification of Malignant Tumors) stage distribution towards later stage at diagnosis), high burden of high-risk HPV in general population and suboptimal implementation of the preventive strategies as low screening and HPV vaccination coverage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The GISTAR study is a large multicentre randomized trial to evaluate the effect of preventive strategies in decreasing mortality from gastric cancer in high-risk areas, especially in the Baltic States and Eastern Europe. (who.int)
  • The Russian military force is a thousand times larger than Latvia's, and 400 times larger than all the Baltic States' armies combined. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • This publication results from the project "Norway-Baltic Research Network. (lai.lv)
  • It has to be stated with sadness that a huge number of our compatriots abroad, whole segments of the Russian world, continue to face serious problems in securing their rights and lawful interests,' he said. (themoscowtimes.com)
  • Now, after the independence of the three states has been regained, 25% of the Latvian population, 25% of the Estonian population and 5% of the Lithuanian population now consist of a Russian speaking population. (lu.se)
  • information from the statistical tables union and the european economic Area (eu- on which the maps are based can be obtained eeA) Member states which clearly and urgently from iArC. (who.int)
  • State Police chief Armands Ruks has decided as of January 1, 2022, to rotate officials of the Economic Crimes Division, the Organized Crime Division and the Forensics Division. (news.lv)
  • A subscription to The Baltic Times is a cost-effective way of staying in touch with the latest Baltic news and views enabling you full access from anywhere with an Internet connection. (baltictimes.com)
  • Gun Oker-Blom, Director of the Nordic House in Helsinki, has said that they would be happy to add interesting news and links from the Baltic States to the information base of Valhalla again. (norden.ee)
  • The Financial Times reported in February, citing Ukrainian intelligence, that the Kremlin was preparing for a war against the Baltic states. (yahoo.com)
  • The UK is already the fourth, fifth or sixth largest investor in each of the four Baltic Sea states acceding to the EU. (politico.eu)
  • The United Nations experts have stated that this restriction is too harsh, severely limits education in minority languages and is contrary to human rights standards. (lu.se)
  • Both bodies were open to all Member States and regional economic integration organizations to which their Member States had transferred competence over matters related to tobacco control. (who.int)
  • The Baltic Assembly consists of national delegations - 12 to 20 members from each country's parliament. (saeima.lv)
  • The leading carrier, February this year, is still the national airline „air Baltic", with 101 110 passengers or 45.7% of the total. (riga-airport.com)
  • Latvia is the most vulnerable part and the most important chain-component of the whole Baltic defense. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • The Central Asian states occupy the lower positions in the corruption indices. (lu.se)
  • Elmurod's main interests focus on governance in post-Soviet societies, rule of law and corruption, and state-society relations. (lu.se)
  • In the year of our 25th anniversary, in June - precisely the month the first ever issue of The Baltic Course was released, our media project has found its new owner. (baltic-course.com)
  • The most recent data regarding cervical cancer epidemiology and prevention measures in the Baltic States are presented. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Looking for realistic security options for Latvia, and the Baltic states as a whole, I will outline five realistic security options for Latvia and the Baltic States. (neweasterneurope.eu)
  • It is too early to pass final judgment on the success of the Baltic strategy. (irisheconomy.ie)
  • Modern day states no longer strictly conform to the notion of nation states wherein a state's population shares a common identity, traditions, and language. (lu.se)
  • Riga International Airport is the biggest and most advanced international service hub for aviation passengers in the Baltic States. (riga-airport.com)
  • The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the epidemiology of cervical cancer as well as ongoing prevention strategies in the Baltic States and to outline the steps to accelerate the trend towards cervical cancer elimination. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Issues such as establishment of common specialised medical centres, joint procurement of state-funded medicines and medical equipment, provision of emergency medical services in border towns, treatment of infertility and establishment of a common sperm bank have also been on the agendas of Committee meetings. (saeima.lv)

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