Balloon Occlusion: Use of a balloon CATHETER to block the flow of blood through an artery or vein.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Carotid Artery, Internal: Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.Collateral Circulation: Maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel. Blood flow is maintained through small vessels.Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary: Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.Cavernous Sinus: An irregularly shaped venous space in the dura mater at either side of the sphenoid bone.Superior Sagittal Sinus: The long large endothelium-lined venous channel on the top outer surface of the brain. It receives blood from a vein in the nasal cavity, runs backwards, and gradually increases in size as blood drains from veins of the brain and the DURA MATER. Near the lower back of the CRANIUM, the superior sagittal sinus deviates to one side (usually the right) and continues on as one of the TRANSVERSE SINUSES.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.Intracranial Aneurysm: Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping: Counterpulsation in which a pumping unit synchronized with the patient's electrocardiogram rapidly fills a balloon in the aorta with helium or carbon dioxide in early diastole and evacuates the balloon at the onset of systole. As the balloon inflates, it raises aortic diastolic pressure, and as it deflates, it lowers aortic systolic pressure. The result is a decrease in left ventricular work and increased myocardial and peripheral perfusion.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Intraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Cerebral Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.Gastric Balloon: An inflatable device implanted in the stomach as an adjunct to therapy of morbid obesity. Specific types include the silicone Garren-Edwards Gastric Bubble (GEGB), approved by the FDA in 1985, and the Ballobes Balloon.Oximes: Compounds that contain the radical R2C=N.OH derived from condensation of ALDEHYDES or KETONES with HYDROXYLAMINE. Members of this group are CHOLINESTERASE REACTIVATORS.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Coronary Circulation: The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.Organotechnetium Compounds: Organic compounds that contain technetium as an integral part of the molecule. These compounds are often used as radionuclide imaging agents.Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime: A gamma-emitting RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING agent used in the evaluation of regional cerebral blood flow and in non-invasive dynamic biodistribution studies and MYOCARDIAL PERFUSION IMAGING. It has also been used to label leukocytes in the investigation of INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES.Coronary Occlusion: Complete blockage of blood flow through one of the CORONARY ARTERIES, usually from CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS.Intracranial Embolism: Blocking of a blood vessel in the SKULL by an EMBOLUS which can be a blood clot (THROMBUS) or other undissolved material in the blood stream. Most emboli are of cardiac origin and are associated with HEART DISEASES. Other non-cardiac sources of emboli are usually associated with VASCULAR DISEASES.Myocardial Stunning: Prolonged dysfunction of the myocardium after a brief episode of severe ischemia, with gradual return of contractile activity.Myocardial Ischemia: A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Retinal Vein Occlusion: Blockage of the RETINAL VEIN. Those at high risk for this condition include patients with HYPERTENSION; DIABETES MELLITUS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; and other CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.Arteriovenous Fistula: An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Arterial Occlusive Diseases: Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Retinal Artery Occlusion: Sudden ISCHEMIA in the RETINA due to blocked blood flow through the CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY or its branches leading to sudden complete or partial loss of vision, respectively, in the eye.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon: A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.Vena Cava, Inferior: The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Myocardial Reperfusion: Generally, restoration of blood supply to heart tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. Reperfusion can be induced to treat ischemia. Methods include chemical dissolution of an occluding thrombus, administration of vasodilator drugs, angioplasty, catheterization, and artery bypass graft surgery. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.Neurologic Examination: Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Balloon Valvuloplasty: Widening of a stenosed HEART VALVE by the insertion of a balloon CATHETER into the valve and inflation of the balloon.Carotid Stenosis: Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 822-3)Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Angioplasty, Balloon, Laser-Assisted: Techniques using laser energy in combination with a balloon catheter to perform angioplasty. These procedures can take several forms including: 1, laser fiber delivering the energy while the inflated balloon centers the fiber and occludes the blood flow; 2, balloon angioplasty immediately following laser angioplasty; or 3, laser energy transmitted through angioplasty balloons that contain an internal fiber.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Graft Occlusion, Vascular: Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery: NECROSIS occurring in the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY distribution system which brings blood to the entire lateral aspects of each CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE. Clinical signs include impaired cognition; APHASIA; AGRAPHIA; weak and numbness in the face and arms, contralaterally or bilaterally depending on the infarction.Brain Ischemia: Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.Carotid Artery Injuries: Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Pulmonary Valve Stenosis: The pathologic narrowing of the orifice of the PULMONARY VALVE. This lesion restricts blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE to the PULMONARY ARTERY. When the trileaflet valve is fused into an imperforate membrane, the blockage is complete.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Femoral Artery: The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.Constriction: The act of constricting.Mitral Valve Stenosis: Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.Tunica Intima: The innermost layer of an artery or vein, made up of one layer of endothelial cells and supported by an internal elastic lamina.Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion: Obstruction of the flow in the SPLANCHNIC CIRCULATION by ATHEROSCLEROSIS; EMBOLISM; THROMBOSIS; STENOSIS; TRAUMA; and compression or intrinsic pressure from adjacent tumors. Rare causes are drugs, intestinal parasites, and vascular immunoinflammatory diseases such as PERIARTERITIS NODOSA and THROMBOANGIITIS OBLITERANS. (From Juergens et al., Peripheral Vascular Diseases, 5th ed, pp295-6)Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Dental Occlusion, Centric: Contact between opposing teeth during a person's habitual bite.Cerebral Arteries: The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.Cerebral Infarction: The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).Therapeutic Occlusion: Methods used to temporarily or permanently block the flow of BODY FLUIDS through various ducts and tubules throughout the body, including BLOOD VESSELS and LYMPHATIC VESSELS such as by THERAPEUTIC EMBOLIZATION or LIGATION.Dilatation: The act of dilating.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.Vascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.

Percutaneous mitral valvotomy in patients eighteen years old and younger. Immediate and late results. (1/336)

OBJECTIVE - To analyze immediate and late results of percutaneous mitral valvotomy (PMV) in patients < or = 18 year. METHODS - Between August '87 and July '97, 48 procedures were performed on 40 patients. The mean age was 15.6 years; 68.7% were females four of whom were pregnant. RESULTS - Success was obtained in 91.7% of the procedures. Immediate complications were severe mitral regurgitation (6.3%) and cardiac tamponade (2.0%). Late follow-up was obtained in 88.8% of the patients (mean value=43.2+/-33.9 months). NYHA functional class (FC) I or II was observed in 96.2% of the patients and restenosis developed in five patients, at a mean follow-up of 29.7+/-11.9 months. Three patients presented with severe mitral insufficiency and underwent surgery. Two patients died. CONCLUSION - PMV represents a valid therapeutic option in young patients. In these patients, maybe because of subclinical rheumatic activity, restenosis may have a higher incidence and occur at an earlier stage than in others persons.  (+info)

Subclavian artery disruption resulting from endovascular intervention: treatment options. (2/336)

Endovascular intervention is a commonly accepted form of treatment in patients with subclavian artery stenosis. Complications will undoubtedly occur as the utility of catheter-based intervention continues to rise. We report two cases of subclavian artery disruption as a result of endovascular intervention. One patient had contrast extravasation after the deployment of a balloon-expandable stent in a stenotic subclavian artery, and the arterial injury was successfully treated with balloon tamponade. A second patient had a large subclavian pseudoaneurysm 4 months after a balloon-expandable stent placement. Successful repair was achieved in this patient by means of arterial reconstruction with a prosthetic bypass graft. These cases illustrate different therapeutic methods of treating subclavian artery rupture due to endovascular intervention.  (+info)

Endovascular grafts and other image-guided catheter-based adjuncts to improve the treatment of ruptured aortoiliac aneurysms. (3/336)

OBJECTIVE: To report a new management approach for the treatment of ruptured aortoiliac aneurysms. METHODS: This approach includes hypotensive hemostasis, minimizing fluid resuscitation, and allowing the systolic blood pressure to fall to 50 mmHg. Under local anesthesia, a transbrachial guidewire was placed under fluoroscopic control in the supraceliac aorta. A 40-mm balloon catheter was inserted over this guidewire and inflated only if the blood pressure was less than 50 mmHg, before or after the induction of anesthesia. Fluoroscopic angiography was used to determine the suitability for endovascular graft repair. When possible, a prepared, "one-size-fits-most" endovascular aortounifemoral stented PTFE graft was used, combined with occlusion of the contralateral common iliac artery and femorofemoral bypass. If the patient's anatomy was unsuitable for endovascular graft repair, standard open repair was performed using proximal balloon control as needed. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with ruptured aortoiliac aneurysms (18 aortic, 7 iliac) were managed using this approach. Balloon inflation for proximal control was required in nine of the 25 patients. Twenty patients were treated with endovascular grafts. Five patients required open repair. The ruptured aneurysm was excluded in all 25 patients; 23 survived. Two deaths occurred in patients who received endovascular grafts with serious comorbidities. The surviving patients who received endovascular grafts had a median hospital stay of 6 days, and the preoperative symptoms resolved in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Hypotensive hemostasis is usually an effective means to provide time for balloon placement and often for endovascular graft insertion. With appropriate preparation and planning, many if not most patients with ruptured aneurysms can be treated by endovascular grafts. Proximal balloon control is not required often but may, when needed, be an invaluable adjunct to both endovascular graft and open repairs. The use of endovascular grafts and this approach using other image-guided catheter-based adjuncts appear to improve treatment outcomes for patients with ruptured aortoiliac aneurysms.  (+info)

Methods for assessing hepatic distending pressure and changes in hepatic capacitance in pigs. (4/336)

The equilibrium pressure obtained during simultaneous occlusion of hepatic vascular inflow and outflow was taken as the reference estimate of hepatic vascular distending pressure (P(hd)). P(hd) at baseline was 1.1 +/- 0.2 (mean +/- SE) mmHg higher than hepatic vein pressure (P(hv)) and 0.7 +/- 0.3 mmHg lower than portal vein pressure (P(pv)). Norepinephrine (NE) infusion increased P(hd) by 1. 5 +/- 0.5 mmHg and P(pv) by 3.7 +/- 0.6 mmHg but did not significantly increase P(hv). Hepatic lobar vein pressure (P(hlv)) measured by a micromanometer tipped 2-Fr catheter closely resembled P(hd) both at baseline and during NE-infusion. Dynamic pressure-volume (PV) curves were constructed from continuous measurements of P(hv) and hepatic blood volume increases (estimated by sonomicrometry) during brief occlusions of hepatic vascular outflow and compared with static PV curves constructed from P(hd) determinations at five different hepatic volumes. Estimates of hepatic vascular compliance and changes in unstressed blood volume from the two methods were in close agreement with hepatic compliance averaging 32 +/- 2 ml. mmHg(-1). kg liver(-1). NE infusion reduced unstressed blood volume by 110 +/- 38 ml/kg liver but did not alter compliance. In conclusion, P(hlv) reflects hepatic distending pressure, and the construction of dynamic PV curves is a fast and valid method for assessing hepatic compliance and changes in unstressed blood volume.  (+info)

Protein washdown as a defense mechanism against myocardial edema. (5/336)

Myocardial edema occurs in many pathological conditions. We hypothesized that protein washdown at the myocardial microvascular exchange barrier would change the distribution of interstitial proteins from large to small molecules and diminish the effect of washdown on the colloid osmotic pressure (COP) of interstitial fluid and lymph. Dogs were instrumented with coronary sinus balloon-tipped catheters and myocardial lymphatic cannulas to manipulate myocardial lymph flow and to collect lymph. Myocardial venous pressure was elevated by balloon inflation to increase transmicrovascular fluid flux and myocardial lymph flow. COP of lymph was measured directly and was also calculated from protein concentration. Decreases occurred in both protein concentration and COP of lymph. The proportion of lymph protein accounted for by albumin increased significantly, whereas that accounted for by beta-lipoprotein decreased significantly. The change in the calculated plasma-to-lymph COP gradient was significantly greater than the change in the measured COP gradient. We conclude that the change in the distribution of interstitial fluid protein species decreases the effect of protein washdown on interstitial fluid COP and limits its effectiveness as a defense mechanism against myocardial edema formation.  (+info)

Modification of a previously described arteriovenous malformation model in the swine: endovascular and combined surgical/endovascular construction and hemodynamics. (6/336)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The rete mirabile in swine has been proposed as an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) model for acute experimental studies through surgical creation of a large carotid-jugular fistula. This report describes two endovascular modifications to simplify the surgical creation and provides hemodynamic parameters for the AVM model. METHODS: An AVM model was created in 29 animals to study n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate polymerization kinetics. The common carotid artery (CCA) was punctured and a guiding catheter was inserted tightly into the origin of the ascending pharyngeal artery (APA). The CCA was ligated proximal to the catheter to create a pressure drop across the rete, which represented the AVM nidus. The catheter hub was opened whenever needed and served as the venous drainage of the AVM nidus. The contralateral APA served as the arterial feeder. Instead of the surgical ligation of the CCA, a temporary balloon occlusion was performed in three animals. RESULTS: A mean pressure gradient of 14.9 +/- 10.5 mm Hg (range, 4-42 mm Hg) was measured across the rete. The mean flow rate was 30.4 +/- 14.2 mL/min (range, 3.5-46 mL/min), as measured at the venous drainage. CONCLUSION: The endovascular and combined surgical-endovascular rete AVM model in swine is easy to construct and is less time-consuming than are the currently used models for acute experimental studies. Hemodynamic parameters can be monitored during the entire experiment and correspond to values found in human cerebral AVMs.  (+info)

Endovascular treatment of experimental aneurysms by use of a combination of liquid embolic agents and protective devices. (7/336)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The use of liquid embolic agents for embolization of cerebral aneurysms has been reported in the neurosurgical literature. The most important limitation of this technique is the relatively poor control of migration of the liquid embolic agent into the parent artery. We performed an experimental aneurysm study using a liquid embolic agent and different protective devices to evaluate the safety and technical feasibility of this endovascular technique. METHODS: Forty lateral aneurysms were surgically constructed on 20 common carotid arteries of swine. Onyx alone was used to obliterate eight aneurysms. Onyx was also used in combination with microcoils (n = 11), microstents (n = 6), balloons inflated proximally to the neck of the aneurysm (n = 6), and across the neck of the aneurysm (n = 7). One control aneurysm was embolized with Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs) alone. RESULTS: The use of a microballoon across the neck of the aneurysm, a microstent deployed across the neck of the aneurysm, or the deposit of GDCs into the aneurysm allowed faster and more complete filling of the aneurysm with Onyx. However, these protection devices did not totally preclude intractable migration of Onyx into the parent artery (migration rate, 9-33%). CONCLUSION: Although complete occlusion of experimental aneurysms with Onyx is feasible using protective devices, migration of the liquid embolic agent into the parent artery or intracranially remains a difficult challenge. Further experimental studies need to be performed to master this technique and to select those aneurysms that can be safely treated in clinical practice.  (+info)

Double-balloon technique for embolization of carotid cavernous fistulas. (8/336)

Embolization of a carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) by means of a detachable balloon is an established method for treating CCFs while preserving a patent parent internal carotid artery (ICA). However, failure to embolize the CCF may occur on a few occasions, such as when the balloon cannot pass through the fistula into the cavernous sinus by blood flow, or when the inflated balloon in the cavernous sinus retracts to the carotid artery. Under these circumstances, the ICA may have to be sacrificed in order to treat the CCF. Herein we describe a double-balloon technique for embolization of a CCF. By applying this technique, we successfully treated nine of 11 CCFs, without compromise of the parent ICA when the conventional one-balloon technique failed.  (+info)

  • In 7 patients, balloon occlusion was performed before injection of thrombin to prevent the spread of thrombin. (
  • As an alternative to hysterectomy, interventional radiologists may offer uterine artery balloon occlusion to protect against hemorrhage and preserve the possibility of future pregnancies. (
  • Lieutenant Colonel Carl W. Hughes, MC first described intra-aortic balloon catheter tamponade for hemorrhage control in a case series of three critically injured Korean War soldiers 1 . (
  • The occlusion catheter balloon was deflated for 15 minutes every 2 hours to perform hemorrhage control and avoid possible reperfusion injury. (
  • Total iREBOA time including the duration of the deflation was 20 hours Although the bleeding was slowed with iREBOA, hemorrhage persisted as continuous oozing, so we decided to perform preperitoneal pelvic packing in combination with the balloon occlusion via a midline suprapubic vertical incision. (
  • However, to minimize intraoperative hemorrhage and facilitate surgery, some new treatment options have been described, including ligation of the internal iliac artery or uterine artery and placement of a balloon catheter in the iliac artery, uterine artery, or even in the aorta [ 7 , 8 ]. (
  • Carotid occlusion was considered for 29 consecutive patients. (
  • Seventeen of 25 patients (68%) demonstrated both clinical and angiographic tolerance, and no ischemic events occurred after permanent carotid occlusion. (
  • In one patient with clinical tolerance but angiographic nontolerance, permanent carotid occlusion had to be performed, which resulted in delayed hypoperfusion infarction. (
  • The right ICA angiogram performed soon after the balloon deflation showed no abnormal findings of the arteries in the right carotid artery territory. (
  • CONCLUSIONS Our protocol provided a statistically significant reduction in subsequent infarction rate and infarction-related death rate when compared with a control group of normotensive abrupt internal carotid artery occlusion patients who did not undergo any preoperative stroke-risk assessment (reported in the literature). (
  • This device is a balloon-tipped guiding catheter designed for an occlusion test of the Carotid artery. (
  • RESULTS: The occlusion sites were internal carotid arteries in 17 patients, M1 segments in 32 patients, the M2 segment in 1 patient, a vertebral artery in 1 patient, and basilar arteries in 8 patients. (
  • The results of aneurysm occlusion with either a silicone or a latex balloon in a common carotid artery bifurcation aneurysm model are compared to determine which type of balloon was least likely to result in aneurysm recurrence. (
  • Prophylactic balloon occlusion of internal iliac arteries, common iliac arteries and infrarenal. (
  • Wen, Hong 2018-06-05 00:00:00 Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic balloon occlusion (PBO), and to compare haemostatic effects and perioper- ative outcomes of PBO of the internal iliac arteries (IIA), common iliac arteries (CIA) and infrarenal abdominal aorta (IAA) in patients with placenta accreta. (
  • To visualize and quantify the hypoperfused region, a map of perfusion was constructed from that occlusion study and from the control study performed on the following day. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical angioplasty using a Gateway catheter combined with a low-dose thrombolytic agent is a safe and effective treatment for acute intracranial embolic and atherosclerotic occlusion with a low risk of hemorrhagic complications. (
  • On the basis of the hemodynamic findings, permanent balloon occlusion was carried out without complications. (
  • On the basis of the hemodynamic and clinical findings during BTO, permanent occlusion of the affected segment of the sinus with a detachable balloon was carried out to minimize the risk of hemorrhagic complications during surgery. (
  • From July 1, 2016, to July 31, 2018, 116 confirmed SVC events were identified, of which 44.0% involved proper balloon use and 56.0% involved no use or improper use. (
  • From July 1, 2016, through July 31, 2018, patients undergoing lead extraction were more likely to survive SVC tears when treatment included an endovascular balloon. (
  • Balloon dilatation catheter mounted on a guide wire designed for radial dilatation of the urinary tract featuring a low profile catheter (3F) for ureteroscopic placement. (
  • The transition from classic sternotomy access to MIAS approaches that utilizes videoscopic- or robotic vision, modified long-shafted instruments, transoesophageal echocardiographic- (TEE) or fluoroscopic guidewire directed peripheral cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and endo-aortic balloon occlusion device placement [Port Access™ Surgery (PAS)] are associated with learning curves that are challenging to master in an era of decreasing surgical volume, training opportunities and healthcare cost constraints. (
  • Clinical experience from prospective controlled non-randomized case series with fetoscopic tracheal balloon occlusion has seen improved survival rates in contrast to untreated controls. (
  • Therefore, the purpose of this randomized clinical trial in a less severely affected subgroup of patients is whether by fetoscopic tracheal occlusion, the intensity of postnatal intensive care therapy might be reduced. (
  • The GORE® Molding & Occlusion Balloon is part of the growing family of endovascular products that share a mission to effectively treat aortic disease, backed by Gore's highly rated clinical support teams and educational offerings. (
  • Sympathoexcitatory reflexes elicited by acute coronary occlusion are rarely addressed in the clinical settings because of a lack of technique to monitor transient changes in sympathetic activation. (
  • Spectranetics (NSDQ:SPNC) today released data from a late breaking clinical trial of its Bridge occlusion balloon designed to reduce blood loss due to superior vena cava tears during lead extraction procedures, touting a 100% survival rate amongst patients treated with the balloon. (