A genus of protozoa parasitic in the digestive tract of vertebrate or invertebrate hosts. Asexual multiplication is accomplished by transverse binary fission. Its organisms are ovoidal in shape and have a ciliated covering over the entire body.
Infection by parasites of the genus BALANTIDIUM. The presence of Balantidium in the LARGE INTESTINE leads to DIARRHEA; DYSENTERY; and occasionally ULCER.
Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Cells or feeding stage in the life cycle of sporozoan protozoa. In the malarial parasite, the trophozoite develops from the MEROZOITE and then splits into the SCHIZONT. Trophozoites that are left over from cell division can go on to form gametocytes.
The broom-rape plant family of the order Lamiales.
A phylum of EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of cilia at some time during the life cycle. It comprises three classes: KINETOFRAGMINOPHOREA; OLIGOHYMENOPHOREA; and POLYMENOPHOREA.
Infections with protozoa of the phylum CILIOPHORA.
A segment of the LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the CECUM; the COLON; and the RECTUM.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Hospital department which administers and provides pathology services.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A hereditary syndrome clinically similar to HYPOPARATHYROIDISM. It is characterized by HYPOCALCEMIA; HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA; and associated skeletal development impairment and caused by failure of response to PARATHYROID HORMONE rather than deficiencies. A severe form with resistance to multiple hormones is referred to as Type 1a and is associated with maternal mutant allele of the ALPHA CHAIN OF STIMULATORY G PROTEIN.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
A species of parasitic protozoa causing ENTAMOEBIASIS and amebic dysentery (DYSENTERY, AMEBIC). Characteristics include a single nucleus containing a small central karyosome and peripheral chromatin that is finely and regularly beaded.
A phylum of unicellular parasitic EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of complex apical organelles generally consisting of a conoid that aids in penetrating host cells, rhoptries that possibly secrete a proteolytic enzyme, and subpellicular microtubules that may be related to motility.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
A superorder in the class CEPHALOPODA, consisting of the orders Octopoda (octopus) with over 200 species and Vampyromorpha with a single species. The latter is a phylogenetic relic but holds the key to the origins of Octopoda.
A genus of ameboid protozoa characterized by the presence of beaded chromatin on the inner surface of the nuclear membrane. Its organisms are parasitic in invertebrates and vertebrates, including humans.
Infection with amoebae of the genus ENTAMOEBA. Infection with E. histolytica causes DYSENTERY, AMEBIC and LIVER ABSCESS, AMEBIC.
A synthetic tetracycline derivative with similar antimicrobial activity.
Solid dosage forms, of varying weight, size, and shape, which may be molded or compressed, and which contain a medicinal substance in pure or diluted form. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Tablets coated with material that delays release of the medication until after they leave the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.

The prevalence of Balantidium coli infection in fifty-six mammalian species. (1/8)

A total of 375 fecal samples of 56 mammalian species belonging to 17 families of 4 orders were examined for the detection of Balantidium coli from December 1994 to August 1995. As a result, B. coli was found from 6 species belonging to 4 families of 2 orders (Primates and Artiodactyla) of host animals examined. White-handed gibbon (Hylobates lar), squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciurea) and Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) were new hosts for B. coli. All the wild boar (Sus scrofa) and chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) examined were positive. The highest number of B. coli was obtained from a chimpanzee (1,230/g feces). No B. coli was detected from the animals of orders Rodentia and Carnivora including dogs and cats. The rarity of B. coli infection in breeding animals in Japan. suggests that there is no serious problem in controlling infections.  (+info)

Dysentery caused by Balantidium coli in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from Turkey. (2/8)

Balantidium coli is the only parasitic ciliate of man. It is a flattened oval organism covered with cilia, and a gullet at the anterior end. It is infrequently pathogenic for man, although epidemic buds in tropical zones have been described. The infection fundamentally affects the colon and causes variable clinic pictures, from asymptomatic to serious dysenteric forms. We present a case of parasitologically diagnosed as causes of diarrhea in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from Turkey. In order to find out the causative etiologic agent of diarrhea, stool samples were examined by native, lugol and flotation methods and we detected moving trophozoites, which were approximately 60 microm long and 35 microm wide. These bodies were diagnosed as Balantidium coli. This case underlines that Balantidium coli should also be considered as a possible pathogen in immunocompromised patients with diarrhea.  (+info)

Balantidiasis in the gastric lymph nodes of Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia): an incidental finding. (3/8)

A 4-year-old female Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) was found dead in the Gwangju Uchi Park Zoo. The animal had previously exhibited weakness and lethargy, but no signs of diarrhea. The carcass was emaciated upon presentation. The main gross lesion was characterized by severe serous atrophy of the fat tissues of the coronary and left ventricular grooves, resulting in the transformation of the fat to a gelatinous material. The rumen was fully distended with food, while the abomasum evidenced mucosal corrugation with slight congestion. Microscopic examination revealed the presence of Balantidium coli trophozoites within the lymphatic ducts of the gastric lymph node and the abdominal submucosa. On rare occasions, these organisms may invade extra-intestinal organs, in this case the gastric lymph nodes and abomasum.  (+info)

Current world status of Balantidium coli. (4/8)

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Investigation of intestinal parasites in pig feces that are also human pathogens. (5/8)

A total of 238 pig fecal specimens were collected from pig farms in Corlu (Tekirdag), Ayazma, and Arnavutkoy (Istanbul) during the summer. Out of the 238 pig specimens, 105 were from pigs younger than 6 months and 133 from pigs older than 6 months. These were investigated for intestine parasites in particular the ones that are human pathogens. Cryptosporidium spp. was detected In 21 fecal specimens (8.8%), Giardia spp. in 9 (3.7%), Balantidium coli cysts in 4 (1.6%) and Ascaris suum eggs in 9 (4.1%). Giardia lamblia were found in 8 (7.6%) of 105 pigs younger than 6 months, Cryptosporidium spp. in 12 (11.4%), Balantidium coli cysts in 2 (1.5%). In the pigs older than 6 months Giardia lamblia were found in 1 (0.7%), Cryptosporidium spp. in 9 (6.7%), Balantidium coli cysts in 2 (1.5%). and Ascaris suum eggs in 9 (6.7%). The difference in the rate of G. lamblia (p=0.01) in pigs less than 6 months and of A. suum in those over 6 months was found to be statistically significant (p=0.005). Our results revealed that pigs are important sources of these parasites.  (+info)

Novel insights into the genetic diversity of Balantidium and Balantidium-like cyst-forming ciliates. (6/8)

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Dysenteric syndrome due to Balantidium coli: a case report. (7/8)

A 28-year-old man was hospitalized for a dysenteric syndrome that had developed during the previous days. Physical examination revealed abdominal pains, fever, vomiting and more than ten liquid stools per day. Fresh stool examination showed numerous mobile ciliated trophozoites of Balantidium coli. The patient reported having been on a hike the previous weekend during which he had drunk water through a hydration pouch bladder. Complete resolution was observed after intravenous rehydration and ten days of oral treatment with metronidazole (Flagyl(R)). Balantidium coli is the largest ciliate protozoan able to infect humans. This parasite is common in pigs and has a worldwide distribution. Human infections, a rare event in industrialised countries, are usually acquired by ingestion of food or water contaminated by mammal faeces. Human B. coli infections are easily treated but may be severe and even fatal if neglected.  (+info)

Balantidium honghuensis n. sp. (Ciliophora: Trichostomatidae) from the rectum of Rana nigromaculata and R. limnocharis from Honghu Lake, China. (8/8)

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Balantidium coli is a parasitic species of ciliate alveolates that causes the disease balantidiasis. It is the only member of the ciliate phylum known to be pathogenic to humans. Balantidium coli has two developmental stages, a trophozoite stage and a cyst stage. In trophozoites, the two nuclei are visible. The macronucleus is long and sausage-shaped, and the spherical micronucleus is nested next to it, often hidden by the macronucleus. The opening, known as the peristome, at the pointed anterior end leads to the cytostome, or the mouth. Cysts are smaller than trophozoites and are round and have a tough, heavy cyst wall made of one or two layers. Usually only the macronucleus and sometimes cilia and contractile vacuoles are visible in the cyst. Living trophozoites and cysts are yellowish or greenish in color. Balantidium is the only ciliated protozoan known to infect humans. Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by humans via the feco-oral route from the normal host, the pig, where ...
Balantidium coli are a ciliate protozoan and it is frequently found in the intestinal tract of the different animals including humans. Acute fulminating form of Balantidi..
Hernández, F.; Argüello, A.P.; Rivera, P.; Jiménez, E., 1993: Balantidium coli (Vestibuliferida: Balantidiidae): the persistence of an old problem
Comprehensive instructions for specimen collection, special requirements, specimen handling, testing methods and turnaround times.
Comprehensive instructions for specimen collection, special requirements, specimen handling, testing methods and turnaround times.
lambliase, Lamblia intestinalis, surtout vers la fin de l comme lexcrétion de Giardia lamblia est intermittente, la recherche du.
Looking for balantidiosis? Find out information about balantidiosis. An intestinal infection of humans caused by the protozoan Balantidium coli . , a disease of swine and man caused by the holotrichous infusoria Balantidium .... Explanation of balantidiosis
0062] Parasital pathogens may also be detected by the kit and the methods disclosed. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Babesia. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Balantidium. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Balantidium. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Besnoitia. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Cryptosporidium. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Eimeria. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Encephalitozoon. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Entamoeba. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Giardia. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Hammondia. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan ...
Discussion B. coli, a ciliated protozoan parasite, infects primates and pigs, and is the largest protozoan to infect humans. Pigs may be the primary reservoir; consequently, balantidiasis is a greater risk among pig or pig manure handlers.1,8 The asexual life-cycle consists of cysts or trophozoites. Transmission is direct with no intermediate host involvement. Usually, humans ingest infective cysts in contaminated food or water that develop into trophozoites and migrate to the large intestine, which is the organ mostly affected. The organism produces no known toxins, but can penetrate the mucosa and cause ulcers, probably owing to the production of hyaluronidase.2 Tetracyclines and metronidazole are the treatments of choice.1,3 Human infection is usually associated with intestinal symptoms such as diarrhoea and dysentery, but ranges from an asymptomatic carrier state through a chronic symptomatic infection presenting with non-bloody diarrhoea, to a dysentery-like picture. Extra-intestinal spread ...
Malaria, African trypanosomiasis, theileriosis, babesiosis and coccidiosis are of great public health and/or economic importance in eastern Africa. Leishmaniasis is an increasing problem in this area and other protozoal diseases which are found among human and/or livestock populations include toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, amoebiasis, giardiasis, sarcocystosis, Balantidium coli infection and histomoniasis. Control of the vector-borne parasitic protozoan diseases has been based mainly on the use of pesticides with their attendant, adverse effects on the environment. The paper describes the public health and economic problems posed by the main protozoan diseases in eastern Africa and discusses their control, stressing the importance of environmental considerations when planning control measures. Further, a consideration of the public health impact of these diseases when drawing up, and during implementation of, major agricultural, hydro-electric or irrigation schemes, is emphasized. The possible ...
A cytostome (from cyto-, cell and stome-, mouth) or cell mouth is a part of a cell specialized for phagocytosis, usually in the form of a microtubule-supported funnel or groove. Food is directed into the cytostome, and sealed into vacuoles. Only certain groups of protozoa, such as the ciliates and excavates, have cytostomes. An example is Balantidium coli, a ciliate. In other protozoa, and in cells from multicellular organisms, phagocytosis takes place at any point on the cell or feeding takes place by absorption. The cytostome forms an invagination on the cell surface and is typically directed towards the nucleus of the cell. The cytostome is often labeled as the entire invagination, but in fact the cytostome only constitutes the opening of the invagination at the surface of the cell. The rest of the invagination is classified as the cytopharynx. The cytopharynx works in conjunction with the cytostome in order to import macromolecules into the cell. This strong association between the cytostome ...
Summary 1. The pathology of lesions of dysentery is determined by the parasite, protozoon or bacterium causing it. 2. The pathology of infection with Endamoeba histolytica is characterized by lysis of tissue cells, leucocytes and red blood corpuscles with little or no inflammatory reaction until and unless secondary bacterial infection of the lesions occurs. 3. The pathology of infection with Balantidium coli is characterized by traumatic injury to the intestinal mucosa and secondary infection of the traumatized areas by bacteria carried in by the parasite. 4. The pathology of infection by bacteria of the dysentery and food poisoning group is acute inflammation, the intensity of which varies over a wide range. 5. The differentiation of the kinds of dysentery requires a consideration of the characteristic action of the etiologic agent which is mirrored by the epidemiology, clinical picture, cytology of the exudate,and confirmed by the pathological anatomy.
Sect. I. Introduction to water quality. Waterborne isease outbreaks: their causes, problems, and challenges to treatment barriers -- Water quality in source water, treatment, and distribution systems -- Water quality monitoring, sampling, and testing -- Molecular detection of waterborne microorganisms -- sect. II. Introduction to bacterial pathogenic agents. Acintobacter -- Aeromonas -- Campylobacter -- Cyanobacteria -- Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli -- Escherichiacoli -- Flavobacterium -- Helicobacter pylori -- Klebsiella -- Legionella -- Mycobacterium avium complex -- Pseudomonas -- Salmonella -- Serratia -- Shigella -- Staphylococcus -- Vibrio cholerae -- Yersinia -- sect. III. Introduction to parasitic pathogenic agents. Acanthamoeba spp. -- Ascaris lumbricoides -- Balamuthia mandrillaris -- Balantidium coli -- Blastocystis hominis -- Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis -- Cyclospora cayetanensis -- Entamoeba histolytica -- Giardia lamblia -- Isospora belli -- ...
The Dangers of Flagyl and Alcohol: Find Out the Serious Find out why you should not drink alcohol while taking Flagyl Find out what happens when these two Flagyl and.. Flagyl ER is an oral antiprotozoal and antibacterial. For dogs loose stool 400 mg anwendungsgebiete flagyl dose for j pouchitis resistanceppt side effect of taking.Conditions that Flagyl oral Treats - WebMD What conditions does Flagyl treat? Flagyl oral may also be used to treat: Infection caused by the Parasite Balantidium ...
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Note: EXIF data is stored on valid file types when a photo is uploaded. The photo may have been manipulated since upload (rotated, flipped, cropped etc).. ...
It seems like just a few days ago I learned what hunts I received from the 2015 New Mexico lottery. I had put in for six species, but only drew one tag...
Balantidiasis is an infectious disease caused by the ciliated protozoan parasite called Balantidium coli. The life cycle of the Balantidium coli begins with cysts in the host. The host consumes contaminated water or food, developing cysts which are considered as the parasite stage that transmits Balantidiasis. Excystation then takes place within the small intestine of the host. During this stage, trophozoites inhabit the large intestine. Within the lumen of the large intestine, the trophozoites replicate through binary fission and it is possible for conjugation to take place during this stage. Encystation of the trophozoites follows resulting in infectious cysts. A number of trophozoites will occupy the colon and multiply there while others go back to the lumen of the large intestine for disintegration. Finally, mature cysts are expelled from the body of the host with feces. Balantidium coli bacterium can be found all over the world. Pigs serve as its ideal animal reservoir, thus, Balantidiasis ...
Ciliates have a feeding stage (called trophozoites) and a cyst stage, and these are the trophozoites. Ciliates have a macronucleus and a micronucleus, and you can kind of see what looks like a big sac and smaller sac in some of the ciliates in the video.. Other common ciliate parasites include ich, which infects fish, and Balantidium coli. B. coli is an intestinal parasite of pigs, but can infect humans (who have balantidiasis). Ciliates are not all bad though. In fact some are gut mutualists, aiding in digestion.. This story ends well. A quick dosing with ectoparasite medication knocked out the infection and the killies recovered quickly. Interestingly, those isopods were also on the killies when I dumped in the antiparasite meds, and they were apparently unfazed by the treatment. Theyre somewhat internal to the fish (being underneath the operculum and living on the gills), but still would have been subjected to the medication in the water as it passed over the gills. Hardy little ...
An eight years old female barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia), which bred at the Gwangju Uchi Park Zoo had shown anorexia, depression, respiratory problem for several weeks after parturition. In necropsy, extensive necrotizing pneumonia was found with severe immunocytes infiltration in the alveolar spaces and bronchioles. Pulmonary pleura were thickened with fibrin and inflammatory cells. Bacteria were isolated from lung and identified as Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (SEZ) by biochemical tests and PCR on sodA and gusA genes, though seel gene was not detected. Isolation of zoonotic SEZ in public place such as a zoo should be emphasized for the public health mangagement.
Dogs are very sensitive creatures when it comes to digestive tract diseases. A dog gets diagnosed for intestinal cancer usually when it is already too late to be cured. In most of the cases, the dog is a male and over the age of ten years.. Cancer starts in the stomach wall and quickly spreads to the gastric lymph nodes, which are the fat cells on the bottom edge of the stomach. This cancer is usually spread over other parts of the body as well, like, liver, the small intestine, pancreas, spleen, esophagus, adrenal glands and lungs.. Symptoms of Canine Intestinal Cancer. The symptoms that are associated with canine intestinal cancer and stomach cancer include:. · Vomiting (with or without blood). · Weight loss. · Loss of appetite. · Diarrhea (cancer in the lower intestine). · Projectile vomiting. · Diagnosis of Canine Stomach and Intestinal Cancer. Diagnosis Procedure for Intestinal Cancer. Your Veterinarian will perform a series of tests as part of a standard diagnosis procedure:. · ...
2-Bromo-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (BNP) was a skin and eye irritant in man and laboratory animals. It has demonstrated skin sensitization potential in humans and guinea-pigs. The acute oral toxicity to rats, mice and dogs was moderate with toxic effects including gastro-intestinal damage. In rats, single exposure was moderately toxic by the dermal route. Effects seen on repeated oral administration to rats included changes to the gastro-intestinal tract, kidneys, gastric lymph nodes and salivary glands. A decrease in maternal weight gain has been reported in pregnant rats and rabbits fed BNP but there were no effects on the foetuses apart from delayed skeletal development in rats. A limited report noted no evidence of carcinogenicity in rats treated orally or in mice treated dermally. BNP gave no indication of mutagenicity in mice or in Ames bacterial tests.. Date of Publication: 1995. Number of Pages: 9. CAS Number*: 52-51-7. Format: PDF available for immediate download. Toxicity Profiles ...
1. The anlage of the lateral appendix is formed from the dorso-Iateral part of the olfactory placode in Rana nigro-maculata Hallowell.. 2. The lateral appendix, a blind sac, is formed when the dorsal lumen is differentiated in its anterior part.. 3. It increases in dimension as the olfactory placode further develops, but growth stops as soon as the anterior lower sac appears; it begins to degenerate when the medial nasal gland makes its appearance; and completely disappears towards the end of metamorphosis.. 4. Histological changes are described.. ...
Attempts have been made from comparative biochemical standpoint to isolate and determine free amino acids in the brain of the frog (Rana nigromaculata) in hibernation, the animal belonging to the amphybian family by the ion exchange cbromatography, and the following are the results: 1. Aspartic acid, glutamic acid, alanine, and serine have been found markedly decreased as in the case of the catfish brain as compared with those in the mammalian brains. 2. Taurine has been found more markedly decreased than either in the ease of the catfish brain or of the rat brain. 3. The amounts of unidentified substances X(1), X(2) and acidic amino-group show the values intermediate between those in the catfish brain and those in the rat brain. 4. The amount of γ-aminobutyric acid does not show any marked difference in the brains of all the animals tested. 5. Glycine, isoleucine, leucine, threonine, and lysine yield the values closer to those found in the mammalian brains than those in the catfish brain ...
The evolutionary relationships among Japanese pond frogs (,i,Rana nigromaculata,/i,, ,i,R. porosa porosa,/i,, and ,i,R. p. brevipoda,/i,) were investigated by analyzing nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome ,i,b,/i, (,i,cyt b,/i,) and 12S rRNA genes. The nucleotide sequences of 444-bp segment of the ,i,cyt b,/i, gene and 410-bp segment of 12S rRNA gene were determined by the PCR-direct sequencing method using 18 frogs from 13 populations of Japanese pond frogs, and phylogenetic trees were constructed by the neighbor-joining and maximum likelihood methods using ,i,R. catesbeiana,/i, as an outgroup. The sequenced 444-bp segment of ,i,cyt b,/i, gene provided 69 variable sites, and the sequenced 410-bp segment of 12S rRNA gene provided 21 variable sites. The numbers of nucleotide substitutions per site of the ,i,cyt b,/i, gene within ingroup were 0.0022~0.0205 at the populational level, 0.0368~0.0462 at the racial or subspecific level, and 0.1038~0.1244 at the specific level, whereas ...
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Myanmar (Burma) constitutes a significant component of the Indo-Myanmar biodiversity hotspot, with elements of the Indian, the Indochina, and the Sino-Japanese floristic regions, yet thus far only a few reliable sources of the countrys flora have been available. As a part of a contribution for the floristic inventory of Myanmar, since it is important in a floristic survey to obtain as much information as possible, in addition to previous two reports, here we present three more chromosome counts in the aquatic monocots of Myanmar: Limnocharis flava with 2n = 20, Sagittaria trifolia with 2n = 22 (Alismataceae), and Potamogeton distinctus × P. nodosus with 2n = 52 (Potamogetonaceae); the third one is new to science. A brief review of cytological researches in the floristic regions 45 non-hybrid aquatic monocots plus well investigated two inter-specific hybrids that are recorded in Myanmar is given, indicating that the further works with a focus on species in Myanmar that has infra-specific chromosome
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A round up of different events around Philadelphia through the lens of photographer Tim Blackwell / Shots Fired. - Tim Blackwell
Marc Marí-DellOlmo, Mercè Gotsens, Laia Palència, Bo Burström, Diana Corman, Giuseppe Costa, Patrick Deboosere, Èlia Díez, Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, Dagmar Dzúrová, Ana Gandarillas, Rasmus Hoffmann, Katalin Kovács, Pekka Martikainen, Moreno Demaria, Hynek Pikhart, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Marc Saez, Paula Santana, Cornelia Schwierz, Lasse Tarkiainen, Carme Borrell ...
Balantidium) or pseudopods (e.g., Entamoeba, Acanthamoeba, Naegleria). If they had cell walls, they also could be included in ...
The only member of the ciliate phylum known to be pathogenic to humans is Balantidium coli, which causes the disease ... Some ciliates parasitize animals, although only one species, Balantidium coli, is known to cause disease in humans. Ciliates ... Schister, Frederick L. and Lynn Ramirez-Avila (October 2008). "Current World Status of Balantidium coli". Clinical Microbiology ... Ramachandran, Ambili (23 May 2003). "Introduction". The Parasite: Balantidium coli The Disease: Balantidiasis. ParaSite. ...
For example, Balantidium coli also has a high rate of incidence in rats. In a Japanese study that analyzed the fecal samples in ... Currently, Balantidium coli is distributed worldwide but less than 1% of the human population is infected. Pigs are a major ... Balantidium is the only ciliated protozoan known to infect humans. Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by ... "The Prevalence of Balantidium coli Infection in Fifty-Six Mammalian Species." Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 61 (1999): ...
An example is Balantidium coli, a ciliate. In other protozoa, and in cells from multicellular organisms, phagocytosis takes ...
Balantidium Coli (Balantidiasis) is an example of a member of the phylum Ciliophora. Balantidiasis is the only ciliate known to ...
Balantidium , Balantiocheilos , Balantiophorus , Balantiopsidaceae , Balantiopsis , Balantiopteryx , Balantiostoma , ...
These include the species Balantidium coli, which is the only ciliate parasitic in humans. The group Rhynchostomatia includes ...
... the ciliate Balantidium elongatum, and potentially toadflies.:77 A ranavirus transmitted to alpine newts from midwife toads in ...
Hegner, Robert W. (1924). "Giardia and Chilomastix from Monkeys, Giardia from the Wild Cat and Balantidium from the Sheep". The ... many of which are pathogenic and do cause diseases such as Giardia lamblia and Balantidium coli. This commonly causes confusion ...
The most frequent orangutan parasites are nematodes of the genus Strongyloides and the ciliate Balantidium coli. Among ...
S. rivulatus is known to be a host of the following parasites: the Cliophoran Balantidium sigani; the copepod Bomolochus ...
... and cyst stages are shown in the life cycle of Balantidium coli the causative agent of balantidiasis. In the ...
They observed the disappearance of the pathogenic protist Balantidium coli as well as of other gas-producing bacteria. Rettger ...
Balantidium coli and Toxoplasma gondii. Wild boar in southern regions are frequently infested with ticks (Dermacentor, ...
... notified the Cincinnati Zoo that they would not allow Ndume's transfer on June 4 because of a doctor finding Balantidium coli ( ...
Balantidium coli) With the emergence of molecular phylogenetics and tools enabling researchers to directly compare the DNA of ...
Balantidium coli, Blastocystis homnis, Cryptosporidium (diarrhea in people with immunosuppression), Entamoeba histolytica ( ...
Examples of protozoan parasites: Babesia divergens Balantidium coli Besnoitia besnoiti Cryptosporidium parvum Eimeria ...
... balantidium MeSH B01.500.841.185.650 - oligohymenophorea MeSH B01.500.841.185.650.375 - hymenostomatida MeSH B01.500.841.185. ...
... acanthuri Balantidium alpha Balantidium amblystomatis Balantidium amygdalli Balantidium aragaoi Balantidium ... Balantidium bovis Balantidium cameli Balantidium caprae Balantidium caviae Balantidium chagasi Balantidium coli Balantidium ... grimi Balantidium gyrans Balantidium gyranus Balantidium haughwouti Balantidium helenae Balantidium hydrae Balantidium indicum ... Balantidium kirbyi Balantidium major Balantidium marsupialis Balantidium medusarum Balantidium minor Balantidium minutum ...
... lives in the cecum and colon of humans, pigs, rats, and other mammals. It is not readily transmissible from ... Balantidium coli is a parasitic species of ciliate alveolates that causes the disease balantidiasis. It is the only member of ... Balantidium coli has two developmental stages, a trophozoite stage and a cyst stage. In trophozoites, the two nuclei are ... Balantidium is the only ciliated protozoan known to infect humans. Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by ...
Litostomatea (Balantidium, Dileptus). *Nassophorea (Nassula). *Oligohymenophorea (Ichthyophthirius, Paramecium, Tetrahymena, ...
Only specialized laboratories can adequately diagnose Babesia infection in humans, so Babesia infections are considered highly under-reported. It develops in patients who live in or travel to an endemic area or receive a contaminated blood transfusion within the preceding 9 weeks, so this aspect of the medical history is vital.[9] Babesiosis may be suspected when a person with such an exposure history develops persistent fevers and hemolytic anemia. The definitive diagnostic test is the identification of parasites on a Giemsa-stained thin-film blood smear.[9] So-called "Maltese cross formations" on the blood film are diagnostic (pathognomonic) of babesiosis, since they are not seen in malaria, the primary differential diagnosis.[8] Careful examination of multiple smears may be necessary, since Babesia may infect less than 1% of circulating red blood cells, thus be easily overlooked.[10] Serologic testing for antibodies against Babesia (both IgG and IgM) can detect low-level infection in cases ...
Balantidium coli Bartonellosis Bartonella Baylisascaris infection Baylisascaris species BK virus infection BK virus ...
Balantidium coli intestinal mucosa, may become invasive in some patients stool (diarrhea=ciliated trophozoite; solid stool= ...
Litostomatea (Balantidium, Dileptus). *Nassophorea (Nassula). *Oligohymenophorea (Ichthyophthirius, Paramecium, Tetrahymena, ...
Litostomatea (Balantidium, Dileptus). *Nassophorea (Nassula). *Oligohymenophorea (Ichthyophthirius, Paramecium, Tetrahymena, ...
Balantidium coli. Pojavom molekularne filogenetike i alata koji omogućavaju istraživačima da direktno uspoređuju DNK različitih ...
Litostomatea (Didinium, Balantidium). *Phyllopharyngea (Tokophrya). *Nassophorea (Nassula). *Colpodea (Colpoda). * ...
Balantidium acanthuri Balantidium alpha Balantidium amblystomatis Balantidium amygdalli Balantidium aragaoi Balantidium ... Balantidium bovis Balantidium cameli Balantidium caprae Balantidium caviae Balantidium chagasi Balantidium coli Balantidium ... grimi Balantidium gyrans Balantidium gyranus Balantidium haughwouti Balantidium helenae Balantidium hydrae Balantidium indicum ... Balantidium kirbyi Balantidium major Balantidium marsupialis Balantidium medusarum Balantidium minor Balantidium minutum ...
Balantidium coli bacterium can be found all over the world. Pigs serve as its ideal animal reservoir, thus, Balantidiasis in ... Because Balantidium coli is not resilient and disintegrates outside of the colon, multiple stool samples may be required. ... The life cycle of the Balantidium coli begins with cysts in the host. The host consumes contaminated water or food, developing ... Rarely, cysts may be discovered indicating the presence of Balantidium coli. The treatment for Balantidiasis is a prescription ...
Balantidium coli lives in the cecum and colon of humans, pigs, rats, and other mammals. It is not readily transmissible from ... Balantidium coli is a parasitic species of ciliate alveolates that causes the disease balantidiasis. It is the only member of ... Balantidium coli has two developmental stages, a trophozoite stage and a cyst stage. In trophozoites, the two nuclei are ... Balantidium is the only ciliated protozoan known to infect humans. Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by ...
Pulmonary Balantidium coli infection in a leukemic patient. Am J Hematol 2003; 73: 180-183. [ Links ]. ... BACKGROUND: Balantidium coli, a ciliated protozoan parasite that infects primates and pigs, and is the largest protozoan to ... 2. Sharma S, Harding G. Necrotizing lung infection caused by the protozoan Balantidium coli. Can J Infect Dis 2003; 14(3): 163- ... 9. Bel GS, Couret M. Balantidium coli infection in man. J Infect Dis 1910; 7(5): 609-624. [ Links ]. ...
Fatal cases of dysentery caused by Balantidium coli, and diagnosed post mortem, are reported from Costa Rica in 2 males aged 8 ... Hernández, F.; Argüello, A.P.; Rivera, P.; Jiménez, E., 1993: Balantidium coli (Vestibuliferida: Balantidiidae): the ...
Balantidium coli specimens are examined by microscopy by preparing a smear and concentrate following a centrifugation procedure ...
ALTA PREVALÊNCIA DE Balantidium coli EM CRIANÇAS DE UMA ESCOLA MUNICIPAL DE MOREIRA SALES - PR / HIGH PREVALENCE OF Balantidium ... From the participants, ten children (23.8%) presented infection by Balantidium coli, and among which, two of them presented ... ALTA PREVALÊNCIA DE Balantidium coli EM CRIANÇAS DE UMA ESCOLA MUNICIPAL DE MOREIRA SALES ... Dos participantes, dez crianças (23,8%) apresentaram infecção por Balantidium coli, sendo que destas, duas apresentaram ...
Figure 1 Balantidium coli trophozoite from a pig sample, unstained.. Figure 2 Balantidium coli cysts from a pig sample. Left: ... Citation: Ponce-Gordo, F. Balantidium coli. In: J. Rose and B. Fayer and W. Acknowledgements: K. Summary To date, Balantidium ... Balantidium suis from pigs and Balantidium caviae from the guinea pig have infrequently been used in publications until ... Balantidium coli. Se desplaza por el medio gracias a las corrientes que origina el movimiento de los cilios que recubren su ...
Where is Balantidium coli endemic?. Balantidium coli infection in humans is rare in the United States. Balantidium coli is ... How is Balantidium coli transmitted?. Balantidium coli is transmitted through the fecal-oral route. Humans can become infected ... What is Balantidium coli?. Balantidium coli is an intestinal protozoan parasite that causes the infection called balantidiasis ... How can I prevent Balantidium coli?. Balantidium coli infection can be prevented when traveling by following good hygiene ...
Entamoeba histolytica/dispar: Cysts measure 10 to 20 microns. The four nuclei in this cyst is typical of these species. To count all four nuclei requires focusing up and down through the cyst. This changing of focal planes also helps show the chromatoid body as a cigar shaped object with rounded ends. This microphotographic image was taken at the Oregon State Public Health Laboratory. The OSPHL Parasitology Department is equipped with a Leica DC 200 digital camera mounted on a Leica DMLS microscope. This equipment is used in conjunction with the Division of Parasitic Diseases (DPDx) at the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) to aid in the rapid diagnosis of unusual or difficult parasitic diseases using digital images and the Internet ...
Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Tetracycline / Balantidiasis / Balantidium / Female / Humans ... Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Tetracycline / Balantidiasis / Balantidium / Female / Humans ... Adult , Animals , Balantidiasis/drug therapy , Balantidium , Female , Humans , Metronidazole , Microscopy , Tetracycline/ ...
Balantidium coli in the largest biology dictionary online. Free learning resources for students covering all major areas of ... Balantidium coli is so far the only ciliate in the phylum known to cause disease in humans. The disease caused by the harboring ... The life cycle begins at the cyst stage where the host ingests food or water contaminated with the cyst of Balantidium coli. ... Balantidium coli is a ciliate belonging to the family Balantiididae. This taxonomic family belongs to the phylum Ciliophora. ...
Balantidium coli infection is common in apes. (P6.2.w13). *Trophozoites of Balantidium coli were detected in faecal samples ... Balantidium coli, a ciliate. (J11.96.w2) *Trophozoites in the faeces of great apes were 50 - 150 m, ovoid, with longitudinal ... In general, Balantidium coli infections in great apes are asymptomatic (as is generally the case in humans). (B214.3.1.w18, ... Balantidium coli is commonly found in orphaned bonobos in Kinshasa. (D386.4.3.w4c) ...
Education and information about Balantidium coli, Balantidiasis, frequently asked questions, biology and publications. ... Balantidium coli, though rare in the US, is an intestinal protozoan parasite that can infect humans. These parasites can be ... Images: Left: Balantidium coli cyst. Right: B. coli trophozoite in a wet mount of feces. (Credit: DPDx) ... Balantidium coli infection is mostly asymptomatic, but people with other serious illnesses can experience persistent diarrhea, ...
Purpose: To report a rare case of polymicrobial keratitis due to Balantidium coli and gram-negative bacteria, Pseudomonas ... Balantidium coli; Contact lens; Ciliated protozoa; Klebsiella pneumoniae; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Polymicrobial keratitis. ... Rare Case of Polymicrobial Keratitis With Balantidium coli. Cornea, 35 (12). pp. 1665-1667. ...
Balantidium coli are a ciliate protozoan and it is frequently found in the intestinal tract of the different animals including ... Balantidium coli are a ciliate protozoan and it is frequently found in the intestinal tract of the different animals including ... Balantidium coli organisms produce the hyaluronidase enzyme, which enhances the ability of the pathogens to invade into the ... Several reports are there on B. coli infection in buffaloes and cattle [6,9]. But, information on acute form of Balantidium ...
Balantidium coll Size: 136 kB. Description: Single trophozoite is present in the bowel wall. Note the cytostome.. Uploaded: 10/ ...
... called Balantidium coli that infects the digestive tract. It is primarily a disease of the tropics, although it is also found ... www.stanford.edu/class/humbio103/ParaSites2003/Balantidium/Balantidium_coli_ParaSite.htm, (accessed February 2, 2007). ... Balantidiasis is caused by Balantidium coli, a parasitic protozoan that infects the large intestine. B. coli is the largest and ... balantidiasis (bal-ăn-ti-dy-ă-sis) n. an infestation of the large intestine of humans with the parasitic protozoan Balantidium ...
Balantidiasis: (Latin name: Balantidium coli). Lives in the intestinal mucosa. Blastocystosis: (Blastocystis). Affects the ...
EXPERIMENTAL INFECTION OF RATS WITH THE BALANTIDIUM FROM THE PIG. By E. Schumaker ...
Balantidium Coli is a species of ciliophora that is a parasitic pathogen of animals such as rats, pigs, and guinea pigs. The ... b,Balantidium Coli,/b, is a species of ,b,ciliophora,/b, that is a parasitic pathogen of animals such as rats, pigs, and guinea ...
Balaenoptera musculus B. borealis B. physalus Physeter macrocephalus Parasites Giardia Balantidium This is a preview of ... 17.6 %) and Balantidium spp. (5.9 %). The most prevalent metazoan parasites were Ascaridida indet. spp. (41.2 %), followed by ... Schuster FL, Ramirez-Avila L (2008) Current world status of Balantidium coli. Clin Microbiology Rev 21:626-638. doi: 10.1128/ ... Hassell JM et al (2013) Occurrence and molecular analysis of Balantidium coli in mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) ...
Balantidium Coli Infection. 216. Cryptosporidiosis. 217. Cyclosporiasis, Cystoisosporiasis and Microsporidiosis. 218. ...
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Although all infectious agents in humans are parasites, by convention, parasitic diseases are defined as those caused by protozoa or helminths. The old classification, in which a single phylum of protozoa encompassed all unicellular eukaryotic microorganisms, is no longer valid because of new ultrastructural and molecular taxonomic information.
Balantidium coli. Entamoeba species. Susceptibility Testing Methods. When available, the clinical microbiology laboratory ...
Balantidium coli. Entamoeba species. Plasmodium falciparum1. 1. Doxycycline has been found to be active against the asexual ...
Although all infectious agents in humans are parasites, by convention, parasitic diseases are defined as those caused by protozoa or helminths. The old classification, in which a single phylum of protozoa encompassed all unicellular eukaryotic microorganisms, is no longer valid because of new ultrastructural and molecular taxonomic information.
Balantidium coli. *Cyclospora cayetanensis. Worms (helminths):. *Roundworms such as Ascaris, Strongyloides. *Hookworms ...
  • Dos participantes, dez crianças (23,8%) apresentaram infecção por Balantidium coli , sendo que destas, duas apresentaram infecção mista por Entamoeba coli . (bvsalud.org)
  • From the participants, ten children (23.8%) presented infection by Balantidium coli , and among which, two of them presented mixed infection by Entamoeba coli . (bvsalud.org)
  • Escherichia coli , Balantidium coli , Entamoeba coli . (k-state.edu)
  • The most frequently detected parasites in the studied population were the protozoa Balantidium coli (37.8%), followed by Entamoeba spp. (mdpi.com)
  • In autumn, the prevalence of Balantidium coli infection enhanced whereas the prevalence of Entamoeba spp. (mdpi.com)
  • Balantidium coli (25.6%) and Entamoeba spp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition to treating giardiasis, says veterinarian Barbara Forney, metronidazole can kill trichomonas, entamoeba and balantidium protozoal infections. (ehow.co.uk)
  • It contains the parasitic species Balantidium coli, the only known cause of balantidiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Balantidium coli is a parasitic species of ciliate alveolates that causes the disease balantidiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Parasite: Balantidium coli The Disease: Balantidiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Balantidiasis is an infectious disease caused by the ciliated protozoan parasite called Balantidium coli. (medic8.com)
  • Balantidium coli is an intestinal protozoan parasite that causes the infection called balantidiasis. (cdc.gov)
  • Among the protozoan diseases balantidiasis caused by Balantidium coli , is a common disease and it was present throughout the world with a wide variety of hosts, including man, various domestic and wild mammals. (rroij.com)
  • Balantidiasis is an infectious disease produced by a single-celled microorganism (protozoan) called Balantidium coli that infects the digestive tract. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Balantidiasis is caused by Balantidium coli , a parasitic protozoan that infects the large intestine . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Balantidium coli has two developmental stages, a trophozoite stage and a cyst stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The life cycle of Balantidium coli is comprised of two stages: cyst stage and trophozoite stage. (biologyonline.com)
  • Considering the results, it is possible to observe that there are several factors that can be associated to infection by Balantidium coli , among which basic sanitation and hygiene habits . (bvsalud.org)
  • While this type of infection is uncommon in the United States, humans and other mammals can become infected with Balantidium coli by ingesting infective cysts from food and water that is contaminated by feces. (cdc.gov)
  • Mostly asymptomatic, Balantidium infection can cause such symptoms as diarrhea and abdominal pain. (cdc.gov)
  • Balantidium coli infection in humans is rare in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Balantidium coli infects the large intestine in humans and produces infective microscopic cysts that are passed in the feces, potentially leading to re-infection or infection of others. (cdc.gov)
  • Is there a test for Balantidium coli infection? (cdc.gov)
  • Balantidium coli infection can be prevented when traveling by following good hygiene practices. (cdc.gov)
  • Balantidium coli infection is common in apes. (twycrosszoo.org)
  • Balantidium coli infection is mostly asymptomatic, but people with other serious illnesses can experience persistent diarrhea, abdominal pain, and sometimes a perforated colon. (cdc.gov)
  • When traveling to endemic tropical countries, Balantidium coli infection can be prevented by following good hygiene practices. (cdc.gov)
  • Acute fulminating form of Balantidium coli infection was noticed in a dairy farm. (rroij.com)
  • The present communication puts record on acute fulminating form of Balantidium coli infection in buffaloes in a dairy farm [ 3 ]. (rroij.com)
  • Based on the results of laboratory findings, buffaloes were diagnosed as suffering with acute fulminating form of Balantidium coli infection. (rroij.com)
  • Time of last recorded antiparasitic treatment influenced Balantidium coli and Trichuris suis infection levels. (mdpi.com)
  • It is caused by Balantidium coli , a single-celled parasite (or ciliate protozoan) that is often linked to intestinal infection in areas associated with pig rearing. (naturalpedia.com)
  • The life cycle of the Balantidium coli begins with cysts in the host. (medic8.com)
  • Rarely, cysts may be discovered indicating the presence of Balantidium coli. (medic8.com)
  • There have not been any specific studies about B. The protozoan ciliates of the genus Balantidium are transmitted by a fecal-oral route in which cysts are the infective stage. (ptizi.ru)
  • Balantidium cysts can be present in temperate and tropical surface waters worldwide. (ptizi.ru)
  • Direct smear examination of the dung sample revealed a large number of Balantidium coli cysts and trophozoites (Figures 2 and 3) . (rroij.com)
  • Balantidium coli cysts (400X). (rroij.com)
  • Balantidium coli observed in patients with dysentery was originally described as Paramecium coli by Malmstein in 1857. (wikipedia.org)
  • Balantidium coli , a ciliated protozoan parasite that infects primates and pigs, and is the largest protozoan to infect humans, is a well-known cause of diarrhoea and dysentery in humans. (scielo.org.za)
  • Fatal cases of dysentery caused by Balantidium coli, and diagnosed post mortem, are reported from Costa Rica in 2 males aged 8 and 28 years. (eurekamag.com)
  • Balantidium coli, though rare in the US, is an intestinal protozoan parasite that can infect humans. (cdc.gov)
  • Balantidium Coli is a species of ciliophora that is a parasitic pathogen of animals such as rats, pigs, and guinea pigs. (answers.com)
  • Genetic heterogeneity in internal transcribed spacer genes of Balantidium coli (Litostomatea, Ciliophora). (semanticscholar.org)
  • This is the first record on Giardia and Balantidium infections in large baleen whales. (springer.com)
  • In: J. Rose and B. Fayer and W. Acknowledgements: K. Summary To date, Balantidium coli is the only ciliate protozoan reported to infect the gastrointestinal track of humans. (ptizi.ru)
  • Balantidium coli are a ciliate protozoan and it is frequently found in the intestinal tract of the different animals including humans. (rroij.com)
  • The life cycle begins at the cyst stage where the host ingests food or water contaminated with the cyst of Balantidium coli . (biologyonline.com)
  • Balantidium coli cyst. (cdc.gov)
  • Trophozoites of Balantidium coli were detected in faecal samples from 7/23 bonobos (30%) from two of three captive groups (bonobos at Antwerp Zoo, Belgium, Zoologischer Garten Leipzig, Germany and Twycross Zoo, UK were tested). (twycrosszoo.org)
  • Microscopic examination of the dung revealed numerous motile ciliated trophozoites of Balantidium coli. (rroij.com)
  • Balantidium coli trophozoites (400X). (rroij.com)
  • Balantidium is a genus of ciliates. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first-described species of Balantidium, B. entozoon, was described in 1838 by Ehrenberg as a member of the genus Bursaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1858, Edouard Claparède and Johannes Lachmann created the genus Balantidium and reclassified B. entozoon as its type species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stein in 1863 reclassified Paramecium coli into the genus Balantidium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the species in this genus, there is only one infecting humans, Balantidium coli, and no subspecies, serotypes, or genetically diverse types have been named to date. (ptizi.ru)
  • In general, Balantidium coli infections in great apes are asymptomatic (as is generally the case in humans). (twycrosszoo.org)
  • Balantidium coli is one of the species that has been reclassified. (wikipedia.org)
  • The three medications often used to treat Balantidium coli are tetracycline, metronidazole, and iodoquinol. (cdc.gov)
  • Balantidium is the only ciliated protozoan known to infect humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Balantidium coli lives in the cecum and colon of humans, pigs, rats, and other mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Balantidium coli is so far the only ciliate in the phylum known to cause disease in humans. (biologyonline.com)
  • Balantidium coli infects the large intestine in humans . (naturalpedia.com)
  • Transcriptome data for Balantidium ctenopharyngodoni, from single-cell transcriptome sequencing, were published in 2017 and were the first omics data within the subclass Trichostomatia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Where is Balantidium coli endemic? (cdc.gov)
  • Balantidium coli naturally inhabitants of the caecum, colon and rectum of apparently healthy animals, but under certain circumstances it produces clinical disease [ 1 ]. (rroij.com)
  • Rodents and primates are other possible reservoirs for the Balantidium coli bacterium. (medic8.com)
  • Balantidium coli is the only largest ciliated protozoon known to infect human and nonhuman primates. (bvsalud.org)
  • Balantidium coli specimens are examined by microscopy by preparing a smear and concentrate following a centrifugation procedure using the Formalin/Ethyl-acetate method. (publichealthontario.ca)
  • The first formal description of this organism was reported as Paramecium coli by Malmsten in Malmstein, but soon afterwards it was renamed as Balantidium coli by Stein in Stein, Some proposals to change this name were made during the 20th century but they were not accepted until recently. (ptizi.ru)
  • Citation: Ponce-Gordo, F. Balantidium coli. (ptizi.ru)
  • Because Balantidium coli is not resilient and disintegrates outside of the colon, multiple stool samples may be required. (medic8.com)
  • Microscopic examination can detect Balantidium coli in the stool. (cdc.gov)
  • Because the nomenclature is under revision and to avoid confusion for the readers, we use the name that remains accepted worldwide and is commonly used in the scientific and medical literature - Balantidium coli. (ptizi.ru)
  • Balantidium coli is commonly found in orphaned bonobos in Kinshasa. (twycrosszoo.org)
  • Most people infected with Balantidium coli experience no symptoms. (cdc.gov)
  • The trophohozoite stage of Balantidium coli is characterized by having two nuclei , i.e. a long macronucleus and a spherical micronucleus . (biologyonline.com)