Balantidiasis: Infection by parasites of the genus BALANTIDIUM. The presence of Balantidium in the LARGE INTESTINE leads to DIARRHEA; DYSENTERY; and occasionally ULCER.Heartburn: Substernal pain or burning sensation, usually associated with regurgitation of gastric juice into the esophagus.Acetic Acid: Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)Animal Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES, as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease in animals.Nutritionists: Persons specially trained in NUTRITION SCIENCES.Gastroesophageal Reflux: Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.Acetobacter: A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.Gluconacetobacter: A genus in the family ACETOBACTERACEAE comprised of acetate-oxidizing bacteria.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Malaria, Falciparum: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.Insect Bites and Stings: Bites and stings inflicted by insects.Malaria, Vivax: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Malaria, Cerebral: A condition characterized by somnolence or coma in the presence of an acute infection with PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM (and rarely other Plasmodium species). Initial clinical manifestations include HEADACHES; SEIZURES; and alterations of mentation followed by a rapid progression to COMA. Pathologic features include cerebral capillaries filled with parasitized erythrocytes and multiple small foci of cortical and subcortical necrosis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p136)Plasmodium: A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.Catalogs, LibraryAdansonia: A plant genus of the family BOMBACACEAE that is used for FOOD and MEDICINE, TRADITIONAL.Dissertations, Academic as Topic: Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Semen: The thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid secretion of male reproductive organs discharged upon ejaculation. In addition to reproductive organ secretions, it contains SPERMATOZOA and their nutrient plasma.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Spermatozoa: Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Genetics, Medical: A subdiscipline of human genetics which entails the reliable prediction of certain human disorders as a function of the lineage and/or genetic makeup of an individual or of any two parents or potential parents.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)UDPglucose 4-Epimerase: A necessary enzyme in the metabolism of galactose. It reversibly catalyzes the conversion of UDPglucose to UDPgalactose. NAD+ is an essential component for enzymatic activity. EC 5.1.3.2.EncyclopediasTh2 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.Th1 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Molecular Sequence Annotation: The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Communicable DiseasesEpidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Infectious Disease Medicine: A branch of internal medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of INFECTIOUS DISEASES.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Balantidium: A genus of protozoa parasitic in the digestive tract of vertebrate or invertebrate hosts. Asexual multiplication is accomplished by transverse binary fission. Its organisms are ovoidal in shape and have a ciliated covering over the entire body.Dysentery: Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Buffaloes: Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.Ciliophora: A phylum of EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of cilia at some time during the life cycle. It comprises three classes: KINETOFRAGMINOPHOREA; OLIGOHYMENOPHOREA; and POLYMENOPHOREA.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Heart Rate, Fetal: The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.Fetal Heart: The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.Endometritis: Inflammation of the ENDOMETRIUM, usually caused by intrauterine infections. Endometritis is the most common cause of postpartum fever.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.

The prevalence of Balantidium coli infection in fifty-six mammalian species. (1/9)

A total of 375 fecal samples of 56 mammalian species belonging to 17 families of 4 orders were examined for the detection of Balantidium coli from December 1994 to August 1995. As a result, B. coli was found from 6 species belonging to 4 families of 2 orders (Primates and Artiodactyla) of host animals examined. White-handed gibbon (Hylobates lar), squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciurea) and Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) were new hosts for B. coli. All the wild boar (Sus scrofa) and chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) examined were positive. The highest number of B. coli was obtained from a chimpanzee (1,230/g feces). No B. coli was detected from the animals of orders Rodentia and Carnivora including dogs and cats. The rarity of B. coli infection in breeding animals in Japan. suggests that there is no serious problem in controlling infections.  (+info)

Dysentery caused by Balantidium coli in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from Turkey. (2/9)

Balantidium coli is the only parasitic ciliate of man. It is a flattened oval organism covered with cilia, and a gullet at the anterior end. It is infrequently pathogenic for man, although epidemic buds in tropical zones have been described. The infection fundamentally affects the colon and causes variable clinic pictures, from asymptomatic to serious dysenteric forms. We present a case of parasitologically diagnosed as causes of diarrhea in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from Turkey. In order to find out the causative etiologic agent of diarrhea, stool samples were examined by native, lugol and flotation methods and we detected moving trophozoites, which were approximately 60 microm long and 35 microm wide. These bodies were diagnosed as Balantidium coli. This case underlines that Balantidium coli should also be considered as a possible pathogen in immunocompromised patients with diarrhea.  (+info)

Balantidiasis in the gastric lymph nodes of Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia): an incidental finding. (3/9)

A 4-year-old female Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) was found dead in the Gwangju Uchi Park Zoo. The animal had previously exhibited weakness and lethargy, but no signs of diarrhea. The carcass was emaciated upon presentation. The main gross lesion was characterized by severe serous atrophy of the fat tissues of the coronary and left ventricular grooves, resulting in the transformation of the fat to a gelatinous material. The rumen was fully distended with food, while the abomasum evidenced mucosal corrugation with slight congestion. Microscopic examination revealed the presence of Balantidium coli trophozoites within the lymphatic ducts of the gastric lymph node and the abdominal submucosa. On rare occasions, these organisms may invade extra-intestinal organs, in this case the gastric lymph nodes and abomasum.  (+info)

Current world status of Balantidium coli. (4/9)

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Investigation of intestinal parasites in pig feces that are also human pathogens. (5/9)

A total of 238 pig fecal specimens were collected from pig farms in Corlu (Tekirdag), Ayazma, and Arnavutkoy (Istanbul) during the summer. Out of the 238 pig specimens, 105 were from pigs younger than 6 months and 133 from pigs older than 6 months. These were investigated for intestine parasites in particular the ones that are human pathogens. Cryptosporidium spp. was detected In 21 fecal specimens (8.8%), Giardia spp. in 9 (3.7%), Balantidium coli cysts in 4 (1.6%) and Ascaris suum eggs in 9 (4.1%). Giardia lamblia were found in 8 (7.6%) of 105 pigs younger than 6 months, Cryptosporidium spp. in 12 (11.4%), Balantidium coli cysts in 2 (1.5%). In the pigs older than 6 months Giardia lamblia were found in 1 (0.7%), Cryptosporidium spp. in 9 (6.7%), Balantidium coli cysts in 2 (1.5%). and Ascaris suum eggs in 9 (6.7%). The difference in the rate of G. lamblia (p=0.01) in pigs less than 6 months and of A. suum in those over 6 months was found to be statistically significant (p=0.005). Our results revealed that pigs are important sources of these parasites.  (+info)

Novel insights into the genetic diversity of Balantidium and Balantidium-like cyst-forming ciliates. (6/9)

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Dysenteric syndrome due to Balantidium coli: a case report. (7/9)

A 28-year-old man was hospitalized for a dysenteric syndrome that had developed during the previous days. Physical examination revealed abdominal pains, fever, vomiting and more than ten liquid stools per day. Fresh stool examination showed numerous mobile ciliated trophozoites of Balantidium coli. The patient reported having been on a hike the previous weekend during which he had drunk water through a hydration pouch bladder. Complete resolution was observed after intravenous rehydration and ten days of oral treatment with metronidazole (Flagyl(R)). Balantidium coli is the largest ciliate protozoan able to infect humans. This parasite is common in pigs and has a worldwide distribution. Human infections, a rare event in industrialised countries, are usually acquired by ingestion of food or water contaminated by mammal faeces. Human B. coli infections are easily treated but may be severe and even fatal if neglected.  (+info)

Balantidium honghuensis n. sp. (Ciliophora: Trichostomatidae) from the rectum of Rana nigromaculata and R. limnocharis from Honghu Lake, China. (8/9)

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Balantidiasis is a protozoan infection caused by infection with Balantidium coli. Symptoms can be local due to involvement of the intestinal mucosa, or systemic in nature and include either diarrhea or constipation. Balantidium is the only ciliated protozoan known to infect humans. Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by humans via the feco-oral route from the normal host, the pig, where it is asymptomatic. Contaminated water is the most common mechanism of transmission. Balantidiasis can be treated with tetracycline, carbarsone, metronidazole, or diiodohydroxyquin. The first study to generate balantidiasis in humans was undertaken by Cassagrandi and Barnagallo in 1896. However, this experiment was not successful in creating an infection and it was unclear whether Balantidium coli was the actual parasite used. The first case of balantidiasis in the Philippines, where it is the most common, was reported in 1904. Currently, Balantidium coli is distributed worldwide but less than 1% ...
Balantidiasis is an infectious disease caused by the ciliated protozoan parasite called Balantidium coli. The life cycle of the Balantidium coli begins with cysts in the host. The host consumes contaminated water or food, developing cysts which are considered as the parasite stage that transmits Balantidiasis. Excystation then takes place within the small intestine of the host. During this stage, trophozoites inhabit the large intestine. Within the lumen of the large intestine, the trophozoites replicate through binary fission and it is possible for conjugation to take place during this stage. Encystation of the trophozoites follows resulting in infectious cysts. A number of trophozoites will occupy the colon and multiply there while others go back to the lumen of the large intestine for disintegration. Finally, mature cysts are expelled from the body of the host with feces. Balantidium coli bacterium can be found all over the world. Pigs serve as its ideal animal reservoir, thus, Balantidiasis ...
This is the official exact match mapping between ICD9 and ICD10, as provided by the General Equivalency mapping crosswalk. This means that in all cases where the ICD9 code 007.0 was previously used, A07.0 is the appropriate modern ICD10 code. ...
Balantidium coli is a parasitic species of ciliate alveolates that causes the disease balantidiasis. It is the only member of the ciliate phylum known to be pathogenic to humans. Balantidium coli has two developmental stages, a trophozoite stage and a cyst stage. In trophozoites, the two nuclei are visible. The macronucleus is long and sausage-shaped, and the spherical micronucleus is nested next to it, often hidden by the macronucleus. The opening, known as the peristome, at the pointed anterior end leads to the cytostome, or the mouth. Cysts are smaller than trophozoites and are round and have a tough, heavy cyst wall made of one or two layers. Usually only the macronucleus and sometimes cilia and contractile vacuoles are visible in the cyst. Living trophozoites and cysts are yellowish or greenish in color. Balantidium is the only ciliated protozoan known to infect humans. Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by humans via the feco-oral route from the normal host, the pig, where ...
Balantidium coli are a ciliate protozoan and it is frequently found in the intestinal tract of the different animals including humans. Acute fulminating form of Balantidi..
Hernández, F.; Argüello, A.P.; Rivera, P.; Jiménez, E., 1993: Balantidium coli (Vestibuliferida: Balantidiidae): the persistence of an old problem
Discussion B. coli, a ciliated protozoan parasite, infects primates and pigs, and is the largest protozoan to infect humans. Pigs may be the primary reservoir; consequently, balantidiasis is a greater risk among pig or pig manure handlers.1,8 The asexual life-cycle consists of cysts or trophozoites. Transmission is direct with no intermediate host involvement. Usually, humans ingest infective cysts in contaminated food or water that develop into trophozoites and migrate to the large intestine, which is the organ mostly affected. The organism produces no known toxins, but can penetrate the mucosa and cause ulcers, probably owing to the production of hyaluronidase.2 Tetracyclines and metronidazole are the treatments of choice.1,3 Human infection is usually associated with intestinal symptoms such as diarrhoea and dysentery, but ranges from an asymptomatic carrier state through a chronic symptomatic infection presenting with non-bloody diarrhoea, to a dysentery-like picture. Extra-intestinal spread ...
Comprehensive instructions for specimen collection, special requirements, specimen handling, testing methods and turnaround times.
lambliase, Lamblia intestinalis, surtout vers la fin de l comme lexcrétion de Giardia lamblia est intermittente, la recherche du.
Looking for balantidiosis? Find out information about balantidiosis. An intestinal infection of humans caused by the protozoan Balantidium coli . , a disease of swine and man caused by the holotrichous infusoria Balantidium .... Explanation of balantidiosis
Summary 1. The pathology of lesions of dysentery is determined by the parasite, protozoon or bacterium causing it. 2. The pathology of infection with Endamoeba histolytica is characterized by lysis of tissue cells, leucocytes and red blood corpuscles with little or no inflammatory reaction until and unless secondary bacterial infection of the lesions occurs. 3. The pathology of infection with Balantidium coli is characterized by traumatic injury to the intestinal mucosa and secondary infection of the traumatized areas by bacteria carried in by the parasite. 4. The pathology of infection by bacteria of the dysentery and food poisoning group is acute inflammation, the intensity of which varies over a wide range. 5. The differentiation of the kinds of dysentery requires a consideration of the characteristic action of the etiologic agent which is mirrored by the epidemiology, clinical picture, cytology of the exudate,and confirmed by the pathological anatomy.
0062] Parasital pathogens may also be detected by the kit and the methods disclosed. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Babesia. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Balantidium. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Balantidium. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Besnoitia. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Cryptosporidium. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Eimeria. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Encephalitozoon. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Entamoeba. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Giardia. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan parasite and the antigen is from Hammondia. In one example, the antigen is a protozoan ...
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It seems like just a few days ago I learned what hunts I received from the 2015 New Mexico lottery. I had put in for six species, but only drew one tag...
The Dangers of Flagyl and Alcohol: Find Out the Serious Find out why you should not drink alcohol while taking Flagyl Find out what happens when these two Flagyl and.. Flagyl ER is an oral antiprotozoal and antibacterial. For dogs loose stool 400 mg anwendungsgebiete flagyl dose for j pouchitis resistanceppt side effect of taking.Conditions that Flagyl oral Treats - WebMD What conditions does Flagyl treat? Flagyl oral may also be used to treat: Infection caused by the Parasite Balantidium ...
Dogs are very sensitive creatures when it comes to digestive tract diseases. A dog gets diagnosed for intestinal cancer usually when it is already too late to be cured. In most of the cases, the dog is a male and over the age of ten years.. Cancer starts in the stomach wall and quickly spreads to the gastric lymph nodes, which are the fat cells on the bottom edge of the stomach. This cancer is usually spread over other parts of the body as well, like, liver, the small intestine, pancreas, spleen, esophagus, adrenal glands and lungs.. Symptoms of Canine Intestinal Cancer. The symptoms that are associated with canine intestinal cancer and stomach cancer include:. · Vomiting (with or without blood). · Weight loss. · Loss of appetite. · Diarrhea (cancer in the lower intestine). · Projectile vomiting. · Diagnosis of Canine Stomach and Intestinal Cancer. Diagnosis Procedure for Intestinal Cancer. Your Veterinarian will perform a series of tests as part of a standard diagnosis procedure:. · ...
2-Bromo-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (BNP) was a skin and eye irritant in man and laboratory animals. It has demonstrated skin sensitization potential in humans and guinea-pigs. The acute oral toxicity to rats, mice and dogs was moderate with toxic effects including gastro-intestinal damage. In rats, single exposure was moderately toxic by the dermal route. Effects seen on repeated oral administration to rats included changes to the gastro-intestinal tract, kidneys, gastric lymph nodes and salivary glands. A decrease in maternal weight gain has been reported in pregnant rats and rabbits fed BNP but there were no effects on the foetuses apart from delayed skeletal development in rats. A limited report noted no evidence of carcinogenicity in rats treated orally or in mice treated dermally. BNP gave no indication of mutagenicity in mice or in Ames bacterial tests.. Date of Publication: 1995. Number of Pages: 9. CAS Number*: 52-51-7. Format: PDF available for immediate download. Toxicity Profiles ...
Arterial oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) was measured at 3,600-3,850 m by pulse oximetry at rest and during submaximal exercise in three study groups: 1) highland Aymara natives of the Bolivian altiplano (n = 25); 2) lowland European/North American sojour
Bolivia Table of Contents The conquest of the Inca Empire brought the Spanish into contact with a stratified and ethnically diverse population in the region of present-day Peru and the Bolivian Altiplano, Yungas, and valleys. The scant eighty years of Inca rule over the Aymara tribes brought large-scale population movements within the empire. Inca policies included the forced migration of potentially hostile (usually recently conquered) groups and their replacement by Quechua-speaking colonists (mitimas) of unquestioned loyalty. Mitimas resettled in the valleys around Cochabamba and Sucre; many Aymara were expelled to the extreme boundaries of the empire. Spanish rule created a racially stratified society in which whites (blancos) and mestizos controlled Indians living in a form of indentured servitude (pongaje) on haciendas. The Spanish justified colonial policies as a means of converting the Indians to Christianity, a goal that was often subordinated to other needs. However humane Spanish ...
Malaria, African trypanosomiasis, theileriosis, babesiosis and coccidiosis are of great public health and/or economic importance in eastern Africa. Leishmaniasis is an increasing problem in this area and other protozoal diseases which are found among human and/or livestock populations include toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, amoebiasis, giardiasis, sarcocystosis, Balantidium coli infection and histomoniasis. Control of the vector-borne parasitic protozoan diseases has been based mainly on the use of pesticides with their attendant, adverse effects on the environment. The paper describes the public health and economic problems posed by the main protozoan diseases in eastern Africa and discusses their control, stressing the importance of environmental considerations when planning control measures. Further, a consideration of the public health impact of these diseases when drawing up, and during implementation of, major agricultural, hydro-electric or irrigation schemes, is emphasized. The possible ...
1. The anlage of the lateral appendix is formed from the dorso-Iateral part of the olfactory placode in Rana nigro-maculata Hallowell.. 2. The lateral appendix, a blind sac, is formed when the dorsal lumen is differentiated in its anterior part.. 3. It increases in dimension as the olfactory placode further develops, but growth stops as soon as the anterior lower sac appears; it begins to degenerate when the medial nasal gland makes its appearance; and completely disappears towards the end of metamorphosis.. 4. Histological changes are described.. ...
Monocarpy is a successful strategy for short-lived plant species growing in ephemeral habitats, but is rare among long-lived plants that grow in stable habitats. Surprisingly, where monocarpy is found in long-lived species, it is not restricted to those, such as the Corypha palm, that have a single vegetative axis ending in an inflorescence, and thus die after flowering, but is also found amongst trees with many shoot apices. There are only four genera, and about 30 species, of long-lived monocarpic trees (Whitmore 1990; Richards 1996), suggesting that monocarpy is an evolutionary dead end for long-lived species. One such species, Tachigali vasquezii, however, appears to be extremely successful and, in the rain forests of the northern Bolivian Amazon, it may be the 10th most common species, with densities of 13 trees ha−1 (, 10 cm d.b.h.) (Poorter et al. 2001). Trees only become reproductive when they attain, on average, a diameter of 50-70 cm. Once the fruits are released, the bare, dead tree ...
The evolutionary relationships among Japanese pond frogs (,i,Rana nigromaculata,/i,, ,i,R. porosa porosa,/i,, and ,i,R. p. brevipoda,/i,) were investigated by analyzing nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome ,i,b,/i, (,i,cyt b,/i,) and 12S rRNA genes. The nucleotide sequences of 444-bp segment of the ,i,cyt b,/i, gene and 410-bp segment of 12S rRNA gene were determined by the PCR-direct sequencing method using 18 frogs from 13 populations of Japanese pond frogs, and phylogenetic trees were constructed by the neighbor-joining and maximum likelihood methods using ,i,R. catesbeiana,/i, as an outgroup. The sequenced 444-bp segment of ,i,cyt b,/i, gene provided 69 variable sites, and the sequenced 410-bp segment of 12S rRNA gene provided 21 variable sites. The numbers of nucleotide substitutions per site of the ,i,cyt b,/i, gene within ingroup were 0.0022~0.0205 at the populational level, 0.0368~0.0462 at the racial or subspecific level, and 0.1038~0.1244 at the specific level, whereas ...
Putre is the largest village between Arica and the border with Bolivia, and the capital of the Parinacota Province that forms about half of the Arica y Parinacota Region of Chile. It lies on a small plateau at an elevation of 3500m, a few kilometers north of the Arica-to-Bolivia road and is dominated on its northern side by Cerro Taapaca (5775m), also called Nevado de Putre. Most of its inhabitants are Aymara people. The name ″Putre″ is a deformation of the Aymara word ″Puxturi″ that means ″murmur of water ...
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2020-06-11T13:00:00.000+02:00 2020-06-11T13:00:00.000+02:00 Hydrogeochemistry and spatial variability of arsenic and other trace elements in the Lower Katari Basin around Lake Titicaca, Bolivian Altiplano. (Disputationer) Hydrogeochemistry and spatial variability of arsenic and other trace elements in the Lower Katari Basin around Lake Titicaca, Bolivian Altiplano. (Disputationer) ...
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Cholera is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. You can get cholera if you eat food or drink water that is contaminated with the bacteria.
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lizard in stone. Sillustani, Peru. Sillustani is a pre-Incan burial ground on the shores of Lake Umayo near Puno in Peru. The tombs, which are built above ground in tower-like structures called chullpas, are the vestiges of the Colla people, Aymara who were conquered by the Inca in the 1400s. The structures housed the remains of complete family groups, although they were probably limited to nobility.Edit
Place: South America A group of 10 Colorado Mountain Club friends left Denver & Kansas City on Dec. 28 for 3+ weeks of adventuring in South America. We certainly got our moneys worth, beginning with exposure to the Argentine fiscal crisis. Fortunately, Mendoza, where all must appear in person to get their Acon climbing permits, was very quiet. We paid for most of our trip to Aymara ("eye-ma-rah") Outfitters in travelers cheques. They were kind enough to take the cheques even though once deposited, there were stringent rules on how much could be withdrawn. While we were there, the Argentine peso largely died, as people took dollars over anything else. The climbing permit for Acon is now $200 in high season, instead of the published $160. Aymara set us up in the Refugio for our base camp stays. Their web site is http://refugioaconcagua.org.ar.elserver.com/ Some might consider this "less than sporting." But we still had eight nites tenting and considering the vagaries of weather, anything that can ...
Although basic mens designs can never be replaced, it is interesting to observe that changes in mens fashion trends have produced certain basic clothes back in fashion. The reputation of vintage clothing, particularly, has brought back a wide-variety of common types into mens closets, such as that of the dandy man. Dandyis a term used to reference men who dress yourself in a classic yet extravagant way, operating in a sophisticated manner and placing value on appearance. This development for almostover-the-toptraditional fashion for men is apparent from events such as theTweed Run, where men and women of all ages clothe themselves in notably Victorian-style outfit and take to the streets on vintage bicycles - with most of the men sporting flawless mustaches! That is just one of many types of proof displaying the resurrection of such variations. Additionally, there are numerous blogs on line which give attention to gentlemanly type - such asThe Dandy ProjectandDandyism- as well as ...
Arequipa is a city in the Southern Coastal region of Peru just below the edge of the Altiplano, at 2380 meters above sea level and surrounded by three impressive volcanoes. Its Perus second most important city (after Lima), and the second most popular among tourists (after Cuzco).
An organic EL display includes an anode electrode; a cathode electrode; at least one organic layer selected from a hole transport layer, a hole injection layer, a light-emitting layer, an electron transporting layer, and an electron injection layer between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode; and at least one organic compound derivative layer arranged between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode, the organic compound derivative layer having a structure of formula: R.sub.1R.sub.2MR.sub.3R.sub.4, where
Children dominate the list of 41 case patients associated with the Milk Makers Fest E. coli outbreak attended by Whatcom County first graders in Washington
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; fr; rv:1.9.0.7) Gecko/2009021910 Firefox/3.0.7 Build Identifier: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; fr; rv:1.9.0.7) Gecko/2009021910 Firefox/3.0.7 when a catch up by a onkeydown the event of equal key, I get the keyCode 107 instead 187 Reproducible: Didnt try Steps to Reproduce: 1.,input onkeydown=alert(event.keyCode); /, 2. 3. Actual Results: event.keyCode == 107 Expected Results: event.keyCode == ...
KingCast presents a few glimpses of Saturdays action with A.K.A.C.O.D. (Colley, Ortiz, Dersh) by way of follow up to these/two posts about the weekends killer show at Alchemist, the new blog-inspired Boston NOW indie newspaper and James OBriens "American Lawyer" manuscript 2.0. That California dude in full skank mode across from me was a real trip; he had all the ladies up in his camp. As for me in the last picture Im smiling with James because I know weve caught the beautiful (and delightfully irrepressible) Amelie in the picture over my left shoulder ...
A07.0) Balantidiasis. *(A07.1) Giardiasis (lambliasis). *(A07.2) Cryptosporidiosis. *(A07.3) Isosporiasis ...
... was formulated at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) in the 1970s shortly after the end of the Vietnam war. Mefloquine was number 142,490 of a total of 250,000 antimalarial compounds screened during the study.[3] Mefloquine was the first Public-Private Venture (PPV) between the US Department of Defense and a pharmaceutical company. WRAIR transferred all its phase I and phase II clinical trial data to Hoffman LaRoche and Smith Kline. FDA approval as a treatment for malaria was swift. Most notably, phase III safety and tolerability trials were skipped.[3] The drug was first approved and sold on a commercial basis in Switzerland in 1985.[31] However, mefloquine was not approved by the FDA for prophylactic use until 1989. This approval was based primarily on compliance, while safety and tolerability were overlooked.[3] Because of the drug's very long half-life, the Centers for Disease Control originally recommended a mefloquine dosage of 250 mg every two weeks; however, this ...
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... was also the first drug used for treatment of malaria.[40] Quinine was used as a muscle relaxant by the Quechua, who are indigenous to Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador, to halt shivering due to low temperatures.[41] The Quechuas would mix the ground bark of cinchona trees with sweetened water to offset the bark's bitter taste, thus producing tonic water.[citation needed] The Jesuits were the first to bring cinchona to Europe. The Spanish were aware of the medicinal properties of cinchona bark by the 1570s or earlier: Nicolás Monardes (1571) and Juan Fragoso (1572) both described a tree that was subsequently identified as the cinchona tree and whose bark was used to produce a drink to treat diarrhea.[42] Quinine has been used in unextracted form by Europeans since at least the early 17th century. It was first used to treat malaria in Rome in 1631. During the 17th century, malaria was endemic to the swamps and marshes surrounding the city of Rome. Malaria was responsible for the deaths of ...
Balantidiasis Balantidium coli intestinal mucosa, may become invasive in some patients stool (diarrhea=ciliated trophozoite; ...
... including those responsible for diseases such as malaria and balantidiasis. The following represents MIC susceptibility data ...
The first person to see P. knowlesi was probably the Italian Giuseppe Franchini in 1927 when he was examining the blood of Macaca fascicularis and he noted that it differed from Plasmodium cynomolgi and Plasmodium inui.[6] It was later seen by Campbell[ambiguous] in 1931 in a long-tailed macaque imported from Singapore to the Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in India. Campbell was interested in another disease, kala azar, and was working under Napier.[ambiguous] Napier inoculated the strain into three monkeys, one of which was a rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta), which developed a fulminating infection. Knowing that the Protozoological Department were looking for a monkey malaria strain, they handed the original infected monkey to Biraj Mohan Das Gupta, who was the assistant of Robert Knowles. Dr Das Gupta maintained the species by serial passage in monkeys until Dr Knowles returned from leave. In 1932, Knowles and Das Gupta described the species in detail for the first time and ...
Only specialized laboratories can adequately diagnose Babesia infection in humans, so Babesia infections are considered highly under-reported. It develops in patients who live in or travel to an endemic area or receive a contaminated blood transfusion within the preceding 9 weeks, so this aspect of the medical history is vital.[9] Babesiosis may be suspected when a person with such an exposure history develops persistent fevers and hemolytic anemia. The definitive diagnostic test is the identification of parasites on a Giemsa-stained thin-film blood smear.[9] So-called "Maltese cross formations" on the blood film are diagnostic (pathognomonic) of babesiosis, since they are not seen in malaria, the primary differential diagnosis.[8] Careful examination of multiple smears may be necessary, since Babesia may infect less than 1% of circulating red blood cells, thus be easily overlooked.[10] Serologic testing for antibodies against Babesia (both IgG and IgM) can detect low-level infection in cases ...
... is primarily used to prevent relapse of malaria due to Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale.[9] It eliminates hypnozoites, the dormant liver form of the parasite,[10] after the organisms have been cleared from the bloodstream.[9] If primaquine is not administered to patients with proven P. vivax or P. ovale infection, a very high likelihood of relapse exists for weeks or months (sometimes years).[9] Use in combination with quinine or chloroquine each of which is very effective at clearing P. vivax from blood, improves outcomes; they appear to also potentiate the action of primaquine.[11] As of 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended the use of primaquine for primary prophylaxis prior to travel to areas with a high incidence of P. vivax, and for terminal prophylaxis (anti-relapse therapy) after travel.[4] A single dose of primaquine has rapid and potent ability to kill gametocytes (stage V) of P. falciparum and P. vivax in blood; it also kills asexual ...
Balantidiasis Balantidium coli Bartonellosis Bartonella Baylisascaris infection Baylisascaris species BK virus infection BK ...
... is a form of aminoquinoline with an amine at the 8-position of quinoline. The 8-aminoquinoline family of drugs contains three members, primaquine, tafenoquine and pamaquine[1] and are used in the treatment of malaria. They may be used to eradicate malaria hypnozoites from the liver and have both been used for malaria prophylaxis. The 8-aminoquinoline drugs must not be given to patients with G6PD deficiency, because they cause potentially fatal haemolysis in these patients. Pamaquine is no longer available anywhere, but primaquine is still used routinely worldwide as part of the treatment of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale malaria. Tafenoquine is currently in Phase III clinical trials and is not yet available to prescribe. ...
Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by humans via the feco-oral route from the normal host, the pig, where it ... Balantidiasis in humans is common in the Philippines, but it can be found anywhere in the world, especially among those that ... Balantidium coli is a parasitic species of ciliate alveolates that causes the disease balantidiasis. It is the only member of ... DPDx Balantidiasis Ramachandran, Ambili (23 May 2003). "Introduction". The Parasite: Balantidium coli The Disease: ...
... balantidiasis MeSH C03.752.250.269 --- cryptosporidiosis MeSH C03.752.250.280 --- cyclosporiasis MeSH C03.752.250.410 --- ...
It contains the parasitic species Balantidium coli, the only known cause of balantidiasis. The first-described species of ...
... balantidiasis MeSH C06.405.469.452.250 --- blastocystis infections MeSH C06.405.469.452.269 --- cryptosporidiosis MeSH C06.405. ...
Balantidiasis (A07.1) Giardiasis (lambliasis) (A07.2) Cryptosporidiosis (A07.3) Isosporiasis (A07.8) Other specified protozoal ...
... vaginosis BAER Bagatelle-Cassidy syndrome Bahemuka-Brown syndrome Baker-Vinters syndrome Baker-Winegard syndrome Balantidiasis ...
Balantidiasis (007.1) Giardiasis (007.2) Coccidiosis (007.3) Intestinal trichomoniasis (007.4) Cryptosporidiosis (007.5) ...
Parasites and Health: Balantidiasis Balantidium coli. DPDx - Balantidiasis. 5 Dec. 2008. CDC Division of Parasitic Diseases. 16 ... "Epidemiology of Balantidiasis." The Parasite: Balantidium coli The Disease: Balantidiasis. 23 May 2003. Stanford University. 16 ... Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by humans via the feco-oral route from the normal host, the pig, where it ... The diagnosis of balantidiasis can be an intricate process, partly because the related symptoms may or may not be present. ...
In developed nations, neglected tropical diseases also pose a threat to human health. In the United States alone, there are at least 12 million people suffering from these neglected parasitic infections.[82] They make up a hidden disease burden among the poorest of wealthy societies.[7] In developed nations, lack of knowledge in the healthcare industry and few conclusive diagnostic tests perpetuate the neglect of this group of diseases.[83]. In the United States, high rates of parasitic infection can be found to be distributed along geographic, racial, and socio-economic lines. Within the African-American community, there may be up to 2.8 million cases of toxocariasis. Rates of toxocariasis, trichomoniasis, and other neglected infections occur in the United States at the same rate as in Nigeria. Within the Hispanic community, neglected infections are concentrated near the US-Mexico border. Vector-borne illnesses are especially high, with some rates approaching those of Latin America. Chagas ...
Coartem is provided without profit to developing countries using grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, US President's Malaria Initiative along with other donors. Novartis has lowered the price of Coartem by 50% since 2001, increasing access to patients around the world. The first significant price reduction occurred in 2006, when the price of Coartem decreased from an average of US $1.57 to US $1.00. In 2006, due to an improved supply situation for the natural ingredient artemisinin, Novartis was able to undertake the pharmaceutical industry's most aggressive manufacturing scale-up of its kind from 4 million treatments in 2004 to 62 million treatments in 2006.[citation needed] Novartis and its partners invested heavily in expanding production capacity at their facilities in China, and Suffern, New York. This increase in production capacity ensured that supplies of Coartem met demand which enabled Novartis to further decrease the price of Coartem. In April 2008, ...
Balantidiasis. Balantidium coli. Ionfhabhtú Baylisascaris. Géineas Baylisascaris. Ionfhabhtú BK virus. BK virus. ...
Among the protozoan diseases balantidiasis caused by Balantidium coli, is a common disease and it was present throughout the ... Balantidiasis was successfully treated with metronidazole along with oxytetracycline and improvement in the condition depends ...
Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by humans via the feco-oral route from the normal host, the pig, where it ... Balantidiasis in humans is common in the Philippines, but it can be found anywhere in the world, especially among those that ... Balantidium coli is a parasitic species of ciliate alveolates that causes the disease balantidiasis. It is the only member of ... DPDx Balantidiasis Ramachandran, Ambili (23 May 2003). "Introduction". The Parasite: Balantidium coli The Disease: ...
An Overview of Balantidiasis (Balantidium Infection). Balantidiasis is an infectious disease caused by the ciliated protozoan ... For persons of weak health, symptoms of Balantidiasis may be worse. Balantidiasis can be diagnosed by stool examination or ... Most cases of Balantidiasis display no symptoms. Rarely, symptoms may include dysentery, abdominal pain, weight loss, and ... The treatment for Balantidiasis is a prescription medication. Tetracycline is the most commonly prescribed by doctors. The ...
007.0) Balantidiasis * (007.1) Giardiasis * (007.2) Coccidiosis * (007.3) Intestinal trichomoniasis * (007.4) Cryptosporidiosis ...
Human balantidiasis. *Human complement C8-beta deficiency. *Human cytochrome P450 2D6- not a rare disease. ...
... familialBalantidiasisBrucellosisBubonic plagueCholeraShigellosisBehavioral and mental disordersAsperger syndromeAutism spectrum ...
... familialBalantidiasisBrucellosisBubonic plagueCholeraShigellosisBehavioral and mental disordersAsperger syndromeAutism spectrum ...
7.8.8 Giardiasis, balantidiasis, isosporiasis, and microsporidiosis. *7.8.9 Blastocystis hominis infection ...
7.8.8 Giardiasis, balantidiasis, isosporiasis, and microsporidiosis. *7.8.9 Blastocystis hominis infection ...
Humans , Antiprotozoal Agents/therapeutic use , Protozoan Infections/drug therapy , Amebiasis , Balantidiasis , Coccidiosis , ... Balantidiasis , Enterobiasis , Giardiasis , Helminthiasis/diagnosis , Helminthiasis/drug therapy , Hymenolepiasis , Protozoan ...
Balantidiasis (Balantidium Infection). Balamuthia. Baylisascariasis (Baylisascaris Infection, Raccoon Roundworm). Bed Bugs. ...
Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by humans via fecal-oral contact between pigs and humans. The clinical ... Abdominal Pain , Adult , Balantidiasis , Balantidium , Cough , Diarrhea , Female , Gastric Juice , Humans , Korea , Lung , ...
Balantidium coli is an intestinal protozoan parasite that causes the infection called balantidiasis. While this type of ... Balantidium coli and Balantidiasis frequently asked questions. ... Parasites - Balantidiasis (also known as Balantidium coli ...
Balantidiasis. 04.05.2020. Dr. Nebil Aydin Medicine. What is Balantidiasis? Balantidiasis is a parasitic disease characterized ...
Balantidiasis Recent Comments. Archives. *June 2020. *May 2020. *April 2020. *March 2020 ...
Balantidium coli Infection use Balantidiasis Balantidium coli Infections use Balantidiasis Balantidium Infection use ...
Balantidium coli Infection use Balantidiasis Balantidium coli Infections use Balantidiasis Balantidium Infection use ...
Balantidiasis colónica: reporte de un caso fatal y revisión de la literatura. / [Colonic balantidiasis: report of a fatal case ... Balantidiasis is a zoonosis produced by Balantidium coli, which inhabits the large intestine of the pig and man. Infection is ... Colonic balantidiasis can occur in most cases asymptomatically and reach in the most severe cases such as dysenteric diarrhea ...
Balantidiasis (disorder). Code System Preferred Concept Name. Balantidiasis (disorder). Concept Status. Published. ...
Amebic dysentery (disorder) {387754006 , SNOMED-CT } Bacterial dysentery (disorder) {312109000 , SNOMED-CT } Balantidiasis ( ...
BALANTIDIASIS 007.1. GIARDIASIS 007.2. COCCIDIOSIS 007.3. INTESTINAL TRICHOMONIASIS 007.4. CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS 007.5. ...
Balantidiasis. Balantidiasis is an intestinal bacterial infection that is transmitted mainly from pigs to humans. Patients ...
f Balantidiasis in Aymara children from the northern Bolivian Altiplano. * J G Esteban, C Aguirre, R Angles, L R Ash, S Mas- ...
The traditional method used to diagnose amebiasis, giardiasis, or balantidiasis is the routine microscopic examination for the ...
Study Of Incidence Rate And Chemotherapy Of Balantidiasis In Donkeys by Adnan Khan , Prof. Dr. Muhammad Sarwar Khan , Dr. Asim ... Balantidium coli causes a protozoal disease known as Balantidiasis. It is normally found in large intestine of pigs (wild and ... Balantidiasis is manifested by diarrhea, dysentery, severe colic pain, tenesmus, anorexia, nausea and vomiting. Balantidium ...
  • Balantidiasis is a zoonotic disease and is acquired by humans via the feco-oral route from the normal host, the pig, where it is asymptomatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Balantidiasis in humans is common in the Philippines, but it can be found anywhere in the world, especially among those that are in close contact with swine. (wikipedia.org)
  • For a complete description of the B. coli life cycle, paste the following address in your address bar: https://www.cdc.gov/dpdx/balantidiasis/index.html. (cdc.gov)
  • DPDx Balantidiasis Ramachandran, Ambili (23 May 2003). (wikipedia.org)
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Balantidiasis. (cdc.gov)
  • positions should find within 10-14 Balantidiasis stations for mirrored value, and 20-30 predominance dreams for beta Blood. (richmondstudio.com)