A plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are root parasites lacking CHLOROPHYLL.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A species of ascomycetous fungi of the family Sordariaceae, order SORDARIALES, much used in biochemical, genetic, and physiologic studies.
The segregation and degradation of damaged or unwanted cytoplasmic constituents by autophagic vacuoles (cytolysosomes) composed of LYSOSOMES containing cellular components in the process of digestion; it plays an important role in BIOLOGICAL METAMORPHOSIS of amphibians, in the removal of bone by osteoclasts, and in the degradation of normal cell components in nutritional deficiency states.
A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)
Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are not enclosed by a ripened ovary (fruit), in contrast to ANGIOSPERMS whose seeds are surrounded by an ovary wall. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally, "naked seed") are borne in cones and are not visible. Taxonomists now recognize four distinct divisions of extant gymnospermous plants (CONIFEROPHYTA; CYCADOPHYTA; GINKGOPHYTA; and GNETOPHYTA).
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.

A new lignan from Balanophora abbreviata and inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. (1/8)

Six lignans including a new lignan (1), beta-sitosterol glucopyranoside and phenylpropanoids were isolated from the whole plants of Balanophora abbreviata Bl. (Balanophoraceae). Their structures were determined by NMR, MS analysis and other spectroscopic methods. Lignans (1, 2 and 4) showed potent inhibitory activities on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in RAW 264.7 cells.  (+info)

Ellagitannins and lignan glycosides from Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae). (2/8)

Three new ellagitannins named balanophotannins A-C having a 1,1'-(3,3',4,4'-tetrahydroxy)dibenzofurandicarboxyl group in their molecules and four known lignan glycosides were isolated from the extracts of fresh aboveground and underground parts of a medicinal parasitic plant Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral and chemical evidence. Chemotaxonomic significance of the known lignan glycosides in Balanophora japonica was discussed.  (+info)

Antibacterial activity of Thonningia sanguinea against some multi-drug resistant strains of Salmonella enterica. (3/8)

BACKGROUND: The emergence of strains of S.enterica with multiple drug resistance (MDR) is of great concern worldwide.The extracts of flowers of Thonningia sanguinea are used in traditional medicine in Ivory Coast to treat diarrhoeal diseases including salmonellosis. Previous studies had shown inhibition of the MDR strain Salmonella Enteritidis lysotype 6. OBJECTIVES: The present study focused to investigate the effect of the extract of the flowers of Thonningia sanguinea on some clinical MDR strains of Salmonella namely S. Tyhpi, S. Typhimurium, S. Hadar and a sensitive strain (S. Enteritidis). METHODS: The antimicrobial parameters were determined by double dilution with agar slant method. This method led us to determine MIC, IC50 and MBC. RESULTS: The MDR strain of S.Typhimurium presented the highest MIC (2.5 mg/ml) whereas the other two MDR strains (S. Hadar, S. Typhi) and the sensitive one (S. Enteritidis) had the same MIC (1.25 mg/ml). The four strains presented the same MBC (2.5 mg/ml). The MDR strain of S. Typhi is the most susceptible strain to the aqueous extract of the flowers of Thonningia sanguinea according to The IC50 values. CONCLUSIONS: The aqueous extract of Thonningia sanguinea can provide an alternative therapy for the treatment of salmonellosis, mainly for typhoid fever caused by MDR strains of S Typhi. The extract also inhibits S.Hadar a MDR emerging strain in Ivory Coast.  (+info)

Galloyl and hexahydroxydiphenoyl esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides, phenylpropanoids and phenylpropanoid glucosides from rhizome of Balanophora fungosa. (4/8)

Five new galloyl and (S)-hexahydroxydiphenyl (HHDP) esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides; 1-O-(E)-coumaroyl-3-galloyl-4,6-(S)-HHDP-beta-D-glucopyranose (21), 1-O-(E)-coumaroyl-3,4,6-trigalloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (22), 1-O-(E)-caffeoyl-3,4,6-trigalloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (23), 1-O-(E)-cinnamoyl-3-galloyl-4,6-(S)-HHDP-beta-D-glucopyranose (24), and 1-O-(E)-cinnamoyl-4-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (25), together with twenty known compounds which were identified as four triterpenes (1, 2, 3, 5), one steroid (4), one lignan (6), three phenylpropanoids (7, 8, 14), five phenylpropanoid glucosides (10, 12, 13, 15, 16), five galloyl and HHDP esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides (11, 17-20), and one bischroman (9). Their structures were determined on the basis of 1D and 2D spectroscopic data.  (+info)

Papuabalanols A and B, new tannins from Balanophora papuana. (5/8)

Two new dehydrohexahydroxydiphenoyl (DHHDP) esters of dihydrochalcone glycosides, papuabalanols A (1) and B (2) were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of Balanophora papuana. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidences. Papuabalanol A (1) showed moderate vasodilator effect on rat aorta and papuabalanol B (2) showed potent inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase and anti-melanogenesis in B16 mouse melanoma cells.  (+info)

1,3,4-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranose, a new anti-proliferative ellagitannin, regulates the expression of microRNAs in HepG(2) cancer cells. (6/8)

OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. 1, 3, 4-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (BJA32515) is a new natural ellagitannin compound extracted from Balanophora Japonica MAKINO. The effect of BJA32515 on the expression of miRNAs in cancer cells has not yet been explored. Objective The present study was carried out to examine the changes in miRNA expression profiles in human HepG(2) hepatocarcinoma cells following BJA32515 exposure. METHODS: The proliferation of BJA32515-exposed HepG(2) cells was assessed using a colorimetric assay (cell counting kit-8). The miRNA expression profile of the cancer cells was analyzed using a miRNA array and quantitative real-time PCR. Apoptosis was assessed by annexin V and propidium iodide staining. RESULTS: BJA32515 inhibited the cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in HepG(2) cancer cells. The exposure to BJA32515 also caused alterations in the miRNA expression profile in the cells, with 33 miRNAs upregulated and 59 down-regulated. The up-regulation of let-7a and miR-29a and the down-regulation of miR-373 and miR-197 were verified by quantitative real-time PCR. CONCLSION: BJA32515-modifed miRNA expression may mediate the antiproliferative effect of this compound in HepG(2) cancer cells.  (+info)

Microsatellite markers for the endangered root holoparasite Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae) from 454 pyrosequencing. (7/8)

 (+info)

Rate heterogeneity in six protein-coding genes from the holoparasite Balanophora (Balanophoraceae) and other taxa of Santalales. (8/8)

 (+info)

Balanophoraceae is a family of parasitic flowering plants that are found primarily in tropical regions. These plants do not have chlorophyll and therefore cannot produce their own food through photosynthesis. Instead, they obtain nutrients by parasitizing the roots of other plants. The plants in this family have a unique life cycle, beginning as small, inconspicuous structures that grow on the roots of host plants. Over time, these structures develop into larger, fleshy organs called "haustoria" that penetrate the host plant's tissues and establish a connection to its vascular system.

The haustoria then begin to absorb nutrients from the host plant, which allow the Balanophoraceae plant to grow and develop. Eventually, the parasitic plant produces flowers and fruits, which are dispersed by animals or wind. The seeds of these plants germinate on the roots of new host plants, beginning the life cycle anew.

Balanophoraceae includes a number of genera, including Balanophhora, Dactylanthus, and Langsdorffia. These plants have unusual morphology and reproductive structures, which can make them difficult to classify and study. Nonetheless, they are an important component of many tropical ecosystems, and their unique biology has attracted the interest of scientists for centuries.

Inflorescence is a term used in the field of botany, which includes the study of plants. However, I understand that you are asking for a medical definition. In the context of medicine, specifically in pathology, inflorescence may refer to the arrangement or growth pattern of lesions or neoplasms (abnormal growths) in a particular area of the body.

To provide a precise medical definition, I would need more context about how the term is being used. Nonetheless, based on the botanical definition, inflorescence refers to the cluster or arrangement of flowers on a stem or branch. It can take various forms, such as spikes, racemes, panicles, umbels, and corymbs, depending on the pattern in which flowers are arranged.

Angiosperms, also known as flowering plants, are a group of plants that produce seeds enclosed within an ovary. The term "angiosperm" comes from the Greek words "angeion," meaning "case" or "capsule," and "sperma," meaning "seed." This group includes the majority of plant species, with over 300,000 known species.

Angiosperms are characterized by their reproductive structures, which consist of flowers. The flower contains male and female reproductive organs, including stamens (which produce pollen) and carpels (which contain the ovules). After fertilization, the ovule develops into a seed, while the ovary matures into a fruit, which provides protection and nutrition for the developing embryo.

Angiosperms are further divided into two main groups: monocots and eudicots. Monocots have one cotyledon or embryonic leaf, while eudicots have two. Examples of monocots include grasses, lilies, and orchids, while examples of eudicots include roses, sunflowers, and legumes.

Angiosperms are ecologically and economically important, providing food, shelter, and other resources for many organisms, including humans. They have evolved a wide range of adaptations to different environments, from the desert to the ocean floor, making them one of the most diverse and successful groups of plants on Earth.

Phylogeny is the evolutionary history and relationship among biological entities, such as species or genes, based on their shared characteristics. In other words, it refers to the branching pattern of evolution that shows how various organisms have descended from a common ancestor over time. Phylogenetic analysis involves constructing a tree-like diagram called a phylogenetic tree, which depicts the inferred evolutionary relationships among organisms or genes based on molecular sequence data or other types of characters. This information is crucial for understanding the diversity and distribution of life on Earth, as well as for studying the emergence and spread of diseases.

"Neurospora crassa" is not a medical term, but it is a scientific name used in the field of biology. It refers to a type of filamentous fungus that belongs to the phylum Ascomycota. This organism is commonly found in the environment and has been widely used as a model system for studying various biological processes, including genetics, cell biology, and molecular biology.

"Neurospora crassa" has a characteristic red pigment that makes it easy to identify, and it reproduces sexually through the formation of specialized structures called ascocarps or "fruiting bodies." The fungus undergoes meiosis inside these structures, resulting in the production of ascospores, which are haploid spores that can germinate and form new individuals.

The genome of "Neurospora crassa" was one of the first fungal genomes to be sequenced, and it has served as an important tool for understanding fundamental biological processes in eukaryotic cells. However, because it is not a medical term, there is no official medical definition for "Neurospora crassa."

Autophagy is a fundamental cellular process that involves the degradation and recycling of damaged or unnecessary cellular components, such as proteins and organelles. The term "autophagy" comes from the Greek words "auto" meaning self and "phagy" meaning eating. It is a natural process that occurs in all types of cells and helps maintain cellular homeostasis by breaking down and recycling these components.

There are several different types of autophagy, including macroautophagy, microautophagy, and chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). Macroautophagy is the most well-known form and involves the formation of a double-membraned vesicle called an autophagosome, which engulfs the cellular component to be degraded. The autophagosome then fuses with a lysosome, an organelle containing enzymes that break down and recycle the contents of the autophagosome.

Autophagy plays important roles in various cellular processes, including adaptation to starvation, removal of damaged organelles, clearance of protein aggregates, and regulation of programmed cell death (apoptosis). Dysregulation of autophagy has been implicated in a number of diseases, including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, and infectious diseases.

Japanese encephalitis is a viral inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Culex mosquitoes, particularly in rural and agricultural areas. The majority of JE cases occur in children under the age of 15. Most people infected with JEV do not develop symptoms, but some may experience mild symptoms such as fever, headache, and vomiting. In severe cases, JEV can cause high fever, neck stiffness, seizures, confusion, and coma. There is no specific treatment for Japanese encephalitis, and care is focused on managing symptoms and supporting the patient's overall health. Prevention measures include vaccination and avoiding mosquito bites in endemic areas.

Gymnosperms are a group of seed-producing plants that include conifers, cycads, Ginkgo, and gnetophytes. The name "gymnosperm" comes from the Greek words "gymnos," meaning naked, and "sperma," meaning seed. This refers to the fact that the seeds of gymnosperms are not enclosed within an ovary or fruit, but are exposed on the surface of modified leaves called cones or strobili.

Gymnosperms are vascular plants, which means they have specialized tissues for transporting water and nutrients throughout the plant. They are also heterosporous, meaning that they produce two types of spores: male microspores and female megaspores. The microspores develop into male gametophytes, which produce sperm cells, while the megaspores develop into female gametophytes, which produce egg cells.

Gymnosperms are an important group of plants that have been around for millions of years. They are adapted to a wide range of environments, from temperate forests to deserts and high mountain ranges. Many gymnosperms are evergreen, with needle-like or scale-like leaves that are able to resist drought and cold temperatures.

Conifers, which include trees such as pines, firs, spruces, and redwoods, are the most diverse and widespread group of gymnosperms. They are characterized by their woody cones and needle-shaped leaves. Cycads are another group of gymnosperms that are found in tropical and subtropical regions. They have large, stiff leaves and produce large seeds that are enclosed in a fleshy covering. Ginkgo is a unique gymnosperm that has been around for over 200 million years. It is a deciduous tree with fan-shaped leaves and large, naked seeds.

Gnetophytes are a small group of gymnosperms that include the ephedra, welwitschia, and gnetum. They have unique features such as vessels in their wood and motile sperm cells, which are not found in other gymnosperms.

Overall, gymnosperms are an important group of plants that have adapted to a wide range of environments and play a crucial role in many ecosystems.

Molecular sequence data refers to the specific arrangement of molecules, most commonly nucleotides in DNA or RNA, or amino acids in proteins, that make up a biological macromolecule. This data is generated through laboratory techniques such as sequencing, and provides information about the exact order of the constituent molecules. This data is crucial in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and molecular biology, allowing for comparisons between different organisms, identification of genetic variations, and studies of gene function and regulation.

Media related to Balanophoraceae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Balanophoraceae at Wikispecies Balanophoraceae at ... Balanophoraceae is not monophyletic. The authors of the study proposed dividing Balanophoraceae s.l. into Balanophoraceae s.s. ... The Balanophoraceae are a subtropical to tropical family of obligate parasitic flowering plants, notable for their unusual ... Thonningia Vahl "Balanophoraceae Rich.". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2021-07-20. ...
Balanophoraceae) in eastern Himalaya (Sikkim, India): distribution, range, status and threats". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10 ... Balanophora is a genus of parasitic flowering plants in the family Balanophoraceae found in parts of tropical and temperate ... "Balanophoraceae". Flora Malesiana. Retrieved 30 March 2017. "Balanophora". International Plant Names Index (IPNI). Royal ...
Balanophoraceae) root extract against Plasmodium berghei, Plasmodium chabaudi, inflammation and nociception in mice. Journal of ... Thonningia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Balanophoraceae containing the single species Thonningia ... Leistner, O. A. (2005). Balanophoraceae. Archived 2008-11-21 at the Wayback Machine Seed Plants of Southern Tropical Africa: ... Seidemann, Johannes (2005). "Thonningia Vahl - Balanophoraceae". World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy. Springer ...
IPNI, Balanophoraceae, Type. POWO, Balanophoraceae. Christenhusz, Fay & Chase 2017, p. 455. POWO, Barbeuiaceae. Stearn 2002, p ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons. Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (not monophyletic if Balanophoraceae are embedded; including ...
... balanophoraceae. Walking along the 700 meters path, animal footprints like deer, bears, boars, or tigers claw marks on the ...
Balanophoraceae subclass 2. Nymphaeidae superorder 1. Nymphaeanae order 1. Nymphaeales family 1. Nymphaeaceae family 2. ...
Hansen, B. "Balanophoraceae". Flora Malesiana. 7 (series 1} (4): 791. Cransbrook, Earl of (1988). Key Environments - Malaysia. ...
3. Salicaceae to Balanophoraceae. - 128 pp. Helsinki. Jalas, J. & Suominen, J. (ed.) 1979: Atlas Florae Europaeae. 4. ...
J.Presl *Balanophoraceae Rich. Loranthaceae Juss. Misodendraceae J.Agardh Santalaceae R.Br. Olacaceae R.Br. Opiliaceae Valeton ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Caribbean, Western South ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Peninsula Malaysia, Mexico ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Madagascar. Species: ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Western South America ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Ethiopia to Southern ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
Family: Balanophoraceae, Genus Mystropetalon: Mystropetalon thomii Harv. endemic Genus Sarcophyte: Sarcophyte sanguinea Sparrm ...
It is likely that the initial host switch was to Balanophoraceae, but these parasitize a wide range of trees so little more can ... Balanophoraceae and Hydnoraceae are root parasitic rather primitive dicots but not closely related. Possibly, the Oxycorynini ... Alloxycorynus, Balanophorobius, Oxycorynus have been recorded from Balanophoraceae. Specific beetle-plant association are A. ...
... are a genus of flowering plants in the family Balanophoraceae, native to Central America, South America, ... Balanophoraceae)". Systematic Botany. 36 (2): 424-427. doi:10.1600/036364411X569606. S2CID 86579953. Thorogood, Chris (2020). " ...
Volume 7 part 4 (1976) - Revisions: Balanophoraceae, Leeaceae, Taccaceae. Volume 8 part 1 (1974) - Revision: Hypericaceae. ...
The vegetative body of the plant, and akin other members of the family Balanophoraceae, consist of an accretion of plant tissue ... Balanophoraceae, Flora of Peru, Plants described in 1856, Flora of Bolivia, Flora of Colombia, Flora of Costa Rica, Flora of ... BALANOPHORACEAE)". Acta Biológica Colombiana. 14 (3): 199-204. ISSN 0120-548X. Archived from the original on 18 April 2022. ... commonly known as Peruvian Viagra or huanarpo macho is a species of parasitic flowering plant in the family Balanophoraceae ...
... is a species of plant in the Balanophoraceae family. It is found in Cúc Phương National Park and Kon ...
Balanophoraceae) Juelia lilloana Sleumer (Fabaceae) Lupinus lilloanus C.P.Sm. (Fabaceae) Desmodium lilloanum (Schindl.) Burkart ...
Ferreira, S.M. (2005). "Individual-level management trade-offs for populations of Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae)". New ... Balanophoraceae, Endemic flora of New Zealand, Endangered flora of New Zealand, Vulnerable flora of Oceania, Plants described ... Balanophoraceae) from 454 pyrosequencing". American Journal of Botany. 99 (8): e323-e325. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200013. ISSN 0002- ... "Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae". Taxon. 64 (3): 491- ...
... , sometimes known as coral plant, is a flowering plant in the family Balanophoraceae and is known only ... Pelser, Pieter B.; Tandang, Danilo N.; Barcelona, Julie F. (4 June 2014). "Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new ...
Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new species from Mt. Mingan, Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 170: 291-295. Journé ...
Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new species from Mt. Mingan, Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 170: 291-295. The ...
... austrocaledonica is a species of parasitic plant in the Balanophoraceae family. It is endemic to New Caledonia and ... 2015) Phylogenetic Relationships of Santalales with Insights into the Origins of Holoparasitic Balanophoraceae. Taxon 64 (3): ... Balanophoraceae, Monotypic Santalales genera, Taxa named by Henri Ernest Baillon). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Himalaya to Southern ... Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera, Taxa named by Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is South Africa. Species ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Taxonbars with multiple manual Wikidata items, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
"Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae". Taxon. 64 (3): 491- ...
Media related to Balanophoraceae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Balanophoraceae at Wikispecies Balanophoraceae at ... Balanophoraceae is not monophyletic. The authors of the study proposed dividing Balanophoraceae s.l. into Balanophoraceae s.s. ... The Balanophoraceae are a subtropical to tropical family of obligate parasitic flowering plants, notable for their unusual ... Thonningia Vahl "Balanophoraceae Rich.". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2021-07-20. ...
Balanophora abbreviata is a monoecious plant that belongs to the family Balanophoraceae. It is creamy-white to pale yellow or ...
Balanophoraceae L. C. Richard & A. Richard. Treated in its own order, Balanophorales Dumort. by Takhtajan (1997) who then ... That relationship, and its separate origin from Balanophoraceae, is supported by molecular data (see Su and Hu 2008, Su et al. ... 9. Santalales (20 families, including Balanophoraceae). 10. Saxifragales (Cynomoriaceae). 11. Solanales (Convolvulaceae - ... Based on morphological features, this family has been treated as separate from Balanophoraceae by Hooker f. and Takhtajan (1997 ...
Create a checklist by selecting either family and genus, distribution or a combination of the two. ...
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
Balanophoraceae 蛇菰科 (≡ IIBa.12). * Q46.276. Santalaceae 檀香科 (IIBa.10; 1/3) ...
Balanophoraceae. ,. Sarcophyte. ,. piriei. Sarcophyte piriei Hutch.. Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger ... Balanophoraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 247 - 249. As Sarcophyte sanguinea piriei (Includes a picture). ...
The Valerian plant family of the order Dipsacales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida that is characterized by 3-5-lobed tubular flowers, often spurred at the base and clustered in tight heads ...
The genus Balanophora (Balanophoraceae) consists of 23 accepted species. These species are the most controversial flowering ...
This page provides a complete list of taxa that have images. Use the controls below to browse and search for images by family, genus, or species ...
Mi Q, Cui B, Ch?vez D, Chai H, Zhu H, Cordell GA, Hedayat S, Kinghorn AD, Pezzuto JM. Characterization of tropane alkaloid aromatic esters that reverse the multidrug-resistance phenotype. Anticancer Res. 2002 May-Jun; 22(3):1385-97 ...
Systematika krytosymjenjakow po APG III je na kóncu lěta 2009 wuńdźena aktualizacija wot Angiosperm Phylogeny Group najprjedy w lěće 1998 (APG I) namjetana a w lěće 2003 předźěłana (APG II) systematika krytosymjenjakow. Porno předchadnikej, APG II, je so ličba njeplacěrowanych swójbow pomjeńšiła. Město toho je 14 nowych porjadow.[1] ...
Enter the name or part of a name you wish to search for. The asterisk character * can be used as wildcard, but must not be used as first character ...
Balanophoraceae [B01.875.800.575.912.250.106] Balanophoraceae * Begoniaceae [B01.875.800.575.912.250.118] Begoniaceae ...
Balanophoraceae [B01.875.800.575.912.250.106] Balanophoraceae * Begoniaceae [B01.875.800.575.912.250.118] Begoniaceae ...
Today. 3 visitors - 9 pageviews. Total. 238070 visitors - 990026 pageviews. ...
Copyright © Your Website 2014. ...
The largest and intensive data center of botany in Vietnam. Production by Vietnam Plant Research and Development Consulting Group - BVN
This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Calycanthaceae" by people in this website by year, and whether "Calycanthaceae" was a major or minor topic of these publications ...
mpwrjy: balanophoraceae. *mpwrj: santalales*mpwrjb: medusandraceae. *mpwrjd: dipentodontaceae. *mpwrjf: olacaceae. *mpwrji: ...
Balanophoraceae Balantidiases use Balantidiasis Balantidiasis Balantidium Balantidium coli Infection use Balantidiasis ...
Parasitic Plant Connection - Balanophoraceae *University of Wisconsin-Madison , Botany Plant Growth Facilities ...
Balanophoraceae [B01.875.800.575.912.250.106] * Begoniaceae [B01.875.800.575.912.250.118] * Berberidaceae [B01.875.800.575. ...
Balanophoraceae (4) Balitoridae (10) Balkans (10) Balsaminaceae - Impatiens (107) Bambusoideae (17) Bangladesh (17) ...
  • Balanophora abbreviata is a monoecious plant that belongs to the family Balanophoraceae. (mybis.gov.my)
  • The genus Balanophora (Balanophoraceae) consists of 23 accepted species. (bvsalud.org)
  • Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the classification system of Dahlgren, the Balanophoraceae were placed in the order Balanophorales in the superorder Balanophoriflorae (also called Balanophoranae). (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2015 molecular phylogenetic suggested that as circumscribed in the APG IV system, Balanophoraceae is not monophyletic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Balanophoraceae are a subtropical to tropical family of obligate parasitic flowering plants, notable for their unusual development and formerly obscure affinities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The authors of the study proposed dividing Balanophoraceae s.l. into Balanophoraceae s.s. and the family Mystropetalaceae, containing three monotypic genera, Dactylanthus, Hachettea and Mystropetalon. (wikipedia.org)