Balanophoraceae: A plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are root parasites lacking CHLOROPHYLL.Inflorescence: A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.Acacia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.BooksPolygalaceae: A plant family of the order Polygalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.Albizzia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains julibroside (triterpenoid saponins).Caesalpinia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The common name of "Bird-Of-Paradise" is also used for other plants such as Heliconia (HELICONIACEAE) and Strelitzia (STRELITZIACEAE) and some birds. The common name of "Cat's-Claw" is more often used with UNCARIA. The common name of "Pernambuco" also refers to a state in Brazil. Furanoditerpenoid lactones and caesalpin are produced by members of this genus.Hymenaea: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain resins (RESINS, PLANT) and GLUCANS.FloridaAtlases as Topic: Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Dalbergia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members of this genus can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS.Cecropia Plant: A plant genus of the family CECROPIACEAE. Hypotensive and hypoglycemic effects have been observed in animals after ingesting members of this genus. There is no relation to cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia) see MOTHS.MuseumsPlants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Eucommiaceae: A plant family of the order Eucommiales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida (some botanists have classified this in the order Hamamelidales or Urticales). Eucomia is an elmlike tree of central and eastern China. Leaves are alternate; deciduous flowers are solitary and unisexual and lack petals and sepals. The male flowers have 6 to 10 stamens and female flowers have one ovary of two carpels, one of which aborts during development so the fruit (a dry, winged structure) contains only one seed. The latex is a source of RUBBER. Tochu tea is an aqueous extract of Eucommia ulmoides leaves and a popular beverage in Japan. (Mutat Res 1997 Jan 15;388(1):7-20).Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Iridoid Glucosides: A subclass of iridoid compounds that include a glucoside moiety, usually found at the C-1 position.Sagittaria: A plant genus of the family ALISMATACEAE that grows in salty marshes and is used for phytoremediation of oil spills. The unisexual flowers have 3 sepals and 3 petals. Members contain trifoliones (DITERPENES).Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Liriodendron: A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. Members include hardwood trees of eastern North America with distinct large tuliplike flowers.Drimys: A plant genus of the family WINTERACEAE. They have leathery, elliptic-shaped leaves; red-tinged shoots; and jasmine-scented, cream-colored, 8- to 12-petaled, 2.5-centimeter (1-inch) flowers in clusters.Xylem: Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.Nymphaeaceae: The sour gum plant family of the order Nymphaeales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. All have horizontal or hanging branches and broad alternate leaves, and they are dioecious (male and female flowers on different plants).Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.zeta-Globins: A member of the alpha-globin family. In humans, zeta-globin is encoded in the alpha-globin gene cluster located on CHROMOSOME 16. Two zeta-globin chains combine with two EPSILON GLOBIN chains to form the embryonic HEMOGLOBIN Gower 1.BrazilEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy: Analysis of the energy absorbed across a spectrum of x-ray energies/wavelengths to determine the chemical structure and electronic states of the absorbing medium.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Sulfurtransferases: Enzymes which transfer sulfur atoms to various acceptor molecules. EC 2.8.1.Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Bryophyta: A division of the plant kingdom. Bryophyta contains the subdivision, Musci, which contains the classes: Andreaeopsida, BRYOPSIDA, and SPHAGNOPSIDA.Lycopodiaceae: The club-moss plant family of the order Lycopodiales, class Lycopodiopsida, division Lycopodiophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta. The common name of clubmoss applies to several genera of this family. Despite the name this is not one of the true mosses (BRYOPSIDA).Selaginellaceae: A plant family of the order Selaginellales, class Lycopodiopsida, division Lycopodiophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta. Members contain bilobetin. The rarely used common name of resurrection plant is mainly used with CRATEROSTIGMA.Automatic Data Processing: Data processing largely performed by automatic means.Acanthaceae: A plant family of the order Lamiales. It is characterized by simple leaves in opposite pairs, cystoliths (enlarged cells containing crystals of calcium carbonate), and bilaterally symmetrical and bisexual flowers that are usually crowded together. The common name for Ruellia of wild petunia is easily confused with PETUNIA.Algeria: A country in northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between MOROCCO and TUNISIA. Its capital is Algiers.Hawks: Common name for many members of the FALCONIFORMES order, family Accipitridae, generally smaller than EAGLES, and containing short, rounded wings and a long tail.Agaricales: An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.Pygeum: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE. Bark extract of P. africanum is an ingredient of folk remedies to treat PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA.Alligators and Crocodiles: Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Populus: A plant genus of the family SALICACEAE. Balm of Gilead is a common name used for P. candicans, or P. gileadensis, or P. jackii, and sometimes also used for ABIES BALSAMEA or for COMMIPHORA.Coffea: A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. It is best known for the COFFEE beverage prepared from the beans (SEEDS).Picea: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.IndiaOverbite: A malocclusion in which maxillary incisor and canine teeth project over the mandiblar teeth excessively. The overlap is measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane and is also called vertical overlap. When the overlap is measured parallel to the occlusal plane it is referred to as overjet.Amanita: A genus of fungi of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales; most species are poisonous.

A new lignan from Balanophora abbreviata and inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. (1/8)

Six lignans including a new lignan (1), beta-sitosterol glucopyranoside and phenylpropanoids were isolated from the whole plants of Balanophora abbreviata Bl. (Balanophoraceae). Their structures were determined by NMR, MS analysis and other spectroscopic methods. Lignans (1, 2 and 4) showed potent inhibitory activities on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in RAW 264.7 cells.  (+info)

Ellagitannins and lignan glycosides from Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae). (2/8)

Three new ellagitannins named balanophotannins A-C having a 1,1'-(3,3',4,4'-tetrahydroxy)dibenzofurandicarboxyl group in their molecules and four known lignan glycosides were isolated from the extracts of fresh aboveground and underground parts of a medicinal parasitic plant Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral and chemical evidence. Chemotaxonomic significance of the known lignan glycosides in Balanophora japonica was discussed.  (+info)

Antibacterial activity of Thonningia sanguinea against some multi-drug resistant strains of Salmonella enterica. (3/8)

BACKGROUND: The emergence of strains of S.enterica with multiple drug resistance (MDR) is of great concern worldwide.The extracts of flowers of Thonningia sanguinea are used in traditional medicine in Ivory Coast to treat diarrhoeal diseases including salmonellosis. Previous studies had shown inhibition of the MDR strain Salmonella Enteritidis lysotype 6. OBJECTIVES: The present study focused to investigate the effect of the extract of the flowers of Thonningia sanguinea on some clinical MDR strains of Salmonella namely S. Tyhpi, S. Typhimurium, S. Hadar and a sensitive strain (S. Enteritidis). METHODS: The antimicrobial parameters were determined by double dilution with agar slant method. This method led us to determine MIC, IC50 and MBC. RESULTS: The MDR strain of S.Typhimurium presented the highest MIC (2.5 mg/ml) whereas the other two MDR strains (S. Hadar, S. Typhi) and the sensitive one (S. Enteritidis) had the same MIC (1.25 mg/ml). The four strains presented the same MBC (2.5 mg/ml). The MDR strain of S. Typhi is the most susceptible strain to the aqueous extract of the flowers of Thonningia sanguinea according to The IC50 values. CONCLUSIONS: The aqueous extract of Thonningia sanguinea can provide an alternative therapy for the treatment of salmonellosis, mainly for typhoid fever caused by MDR strains of S Typhi. The extract also inhibits S.Hadar a MDR emerging strain in Ivory Coast.  (+info)

Galloyl and hexahydroxydiphenoyl esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides, phenylpropanoids and phenylpropanoid glucosides from rhizome of Balanophora fungosa. (4/8)

Five new galloyl and (S)-hexahydroxydiphenyl (HHDP) esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides; 1-O-(E)-coumaroyl-3-galloyl-4,6-(S)-HHDP-beta-D-glucopyranose (21), 1-O-(E)-coumaroyl-3,4,6-trigalloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (22), 1-O-(E)-caffeoyl-3,4,6-trigalloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (23), 1-O-(E)-cinnamoyl-3-galloyl-4,6-(S)-HHDP-beta-D-glucopyranose (24), and 1-O-(E)-cinnamoyl-4-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (25), together with twenty known compounds which were identified as four triterpenes (1, 2, 3, 5), one steroid (4), one lignan (6), three phenylpropanoids (7, 8, 14), five phenylpropanoid glucosides (10, 12, 13, 15, 16), five galloyl and HHDP esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides (11, 17-20), and one bischroman (9). Their structures were determined on the basis of 1D and 2D spectroscopic data.  (+info)

Papuabalanols A and B, new tannins from Balanophora papuana. (5/8)

Two new dehydrohexahydroxydiphenoyl (DHHDP) esters of dihydrochalcone glycosides, papuabalanols A (1) and B (2) were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of Balanophora papuana. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidences. Papuabalanol A (1) showed moderate vasodilator effect on rat aorta and papuabalanol B (2) showed potent inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase and anti-melanogenesis in B16 mouse melanoma cells.  (+info)

1,3,4-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranose, a new anti-proliferative ellagitannin, regulates the expression of microRNAs in HepG(2) cancer cells. (6/8)

OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. 1, 3, 4-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (BJA32515) is a new natural ellagitannin compound extracted from Balanophora Japonica MAKINO. The effect of BJA32515 on the expression of miRNAs in cancer cells has not yet been explored. Objective The present study was carried out to examine the changes in miRNA expression profiles in human HepG(2) hepatocarcinoma cells following BJA32515 exposure. METHODS: The proliferation of BJA32515-exposed HepG(2) cells was assessed using a colorimetric assay (cell counting kit-8). The miRNA expression profile of the cancer cells was analyzed using a miRNA array and quantitative real-time PCR. Apoptosis was assessed by annexin V and propidium iodide staining. RESULTS: BJA32515 inhibited the cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in HepG(2) cancer cells. The exposure to BJA32515 also caused alterations in the miRNA expression profile in the cells, with 33 miRNAs upregulated and 59 down-regulated. The up-regulation of let-7a and miR-29a and the down-regulation of miR-373 and miR-197 were verified by quantitative real-time PCR. CONCLSION: BJA32515-modifed miRNA expression may mediate the antiproliferative effect of this compound in HepG(2) cancer cells.  (+info)

Microsatellite markers for the endangered root holoparasite Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae) from 454 pyrosequencing. (7/8)

 (+info)

Rate heterogeneity in six protein-coding genes from the holoparasite Balanophora (Balanophoraceae) and other taxa of Santalales. (8/8)

 (+info)

Atheliachaete sanguinea Phanerochaete sanguinea helo-orvakka r dvedskinn r dvedbarksopp v r s ter lőgomba k rnatec krvav kornatec krvav R tender ...
Compounding refers to the process by which tailored medications are produced to suit individual circumstances. Compounding allows a veterinarian to achieve optimal clinical outcomes in cases where registered preparations are not appropriate or are not available.. Registered veterinary products must undergo a rigorous assessment by the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) as part of the registration process. The APVMAs registration process involves an assessment of the product to ensure that it works as intended and the scientific data confirms that when used as directed on the product label it will have no harmful or unintended effects on people, animals or the environment. APVMA registration indicates that the product has undergone a quality assurance assessment, is manufactured to strict GMP guidelines and should be effective and safe when used as directed.. Products that are compounded by a veterinarian, or by a pharmacist on the prescription of a veterinarian, ...
Cite this page: "Ipomoea bolusiana var. abbreviata" Text available under a CC-BY-SA Creative Commons Attribution License. www.llifle.com 14 Nov. 2005. 12 Dec 2017. ,/Encyclopedia/SUCCULENTS/Family/Convolvulaceae/1013/Ipomoea_bolusiana_var._abbreviata ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Strangalepta abbreviata, Flower Longhorn Beetle image
Russula sanguinea Russula sanguinaria verihapero blodkremla v rv r s galambgomba verev pilvik Bloody Brittlegill Holubinka krvav Blut-T ...
Mushroom Observer, Inc., has been recognized as a section 501(c)(3) public charity serving educational purposes. Your donations will help us maintain free online access to all the mycological observations already recorded, and to continue to improve the platform to make the collected information even more useful ...
Reid, David G. (2009). Littorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Coen, 1933. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=445945 on 2017-12- ...
Originating in South America, with a range from Colombia to Chile, B. sanguinea can grow up to 16 ft, developing a very woody trunk. The red flowers do not emit […]. ...
Dogwood in the organic orchard Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) is a small tree that can reach 4-6 meters high, belonging to the family of Cornaceae native to Europe and Asia. It is a deciduous.... ...
A new lignan, polystachyol ( 1), two lignan glycosides, lyoniside ( 2) and nudiposide ( 3), and a sterol, ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one ( 4), with stigmasterol, and oleic and linoleic acids,...
Silva (1960: 19) notes "Euglena (Euglenaceae, Euglenophyta). This genus was established by Ehrenberg (1830a, p. 508) to accommodate those euglenoid organisms that have eyespots. Five species were originally assigned to Euglena, namely, Cercaria viridis Mueller, C. pleuronectes Mueller, Vibrio acus Mueller, Euglena spirogyra Ehrenb. (nomen nudum), and E. sanguinea Ehrenb. (nomen nudum, non E. sanguinea (Nees et Goldf.) Ehrenb.). Dujardin (1841, pp. 349, 358) lectotypified Euglena with Cercaria viridis." - (17 Mar 2013) - M.D. Guiry. Description: Green flagellates with elongate, ovoid or fusiform cells, varying in length from 20 to 500 _m, and with 2 flagella originating within an anterior invagination of the cell. The highly mobile long flagellum emerges from the subapical canal opening as the organelle of locomotion, the other is so short that it ends within the reservoir (basal region of the invagination). The locomotory flagellum is doubled in thickness by a paraflagellar rod and bears a ...
The Saxifragales are an order o flouerin plants.[1] Thair closest relatives are a lairge eudicot group kent as the rosids bi the defineetion o rosids given in the APG II classification seestem.[2] Some authors define the rosids mair widely, includin Saxifragales as thair maist basal group.[3], Saxifragales is ane o the aicht groups that compone the core eudicots. The ithers are Gunnerales, Dilleniaceae, rosids, Santalales, Berberidopsidales, Caryophyllales, an asterids.[4] ...
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Description from Flora of China. Conyza cinerea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 862. 1753; Blumea chinensis (Linnaeus) Candolle (1836), not Walpers (1843), nor Hooker & Arnott (1837); B. esquirolii H. Léveillé & Vaniot; Cacalia cinerea (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Conyza chinensis Linnaeus; Cyanthillium cinereum (Linnaeus) H. Robinson; Seneciodes cinerea (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Serratula cinerea (Linnaeus) Roxburgh; Vernonia abbreviata Candolle; V. cinerea var. parviflora (Reinwardt) Candolle; V. exilis Miquel; V. parviflora Reinwardt ex Blume.. Herbs, annual or perennial, to 100 cm tall. Root vertical, ± woody, branched, with fibrous rootlets. Stems erect, usually branched above, or rarely from base, striate, gray adpressed puberulent with T-shaped hairs, glandular. Lower and middle leaves: petiole 10-20 mm, leaf blade rhombic-ovate, rhombic-oblong, or ovate, 3-6.5 × 1.5-3 cm, abaxially gray-white or yellowish puberulent, especially along veins, both surfaces glandular, adaxially green, sparsely puberulent, lateral ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Andrew G Ramstead, Igor A Schepetkin, Kimberly Todd, James Loeffelholz, James G Berardinelli, Mark T Quinn, Mark A Jutila].
The argument for D.C. statehood at its core is a about the fundamental right of American citizens to have equal representation in Congress but it is also just as important for us to gain the right to be the final arbiter of our own affairs. Congress meddles in District affairs so much that it is…
Tenacibaculum adriaticum B390 is isolated from the bryozoan Schizobrachiella sanguinea from the Adriatic Sea. The Adriatic Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea and is positioned between the eastern coastline of Italy, and countries of the Balkan Peninsula, from Slovenia, south through Croatia.(3) "The Adriatic Sea is about 500 miles (800 km) long, northwest-southeast, and up to 140 miles (225 km) wide. It has an area of approximately 51,000 square miles (132,000 km 2 ), slightly less than that of Lakes Superior and Michigan combined. The Adriatic is one of the shallowest parts of the Mediterranean, with an average depth of about 800 feet (240 m). The deepest spot, 4,034 feet (1,230 m), is about midway between Bari, Italy, and the coast of Montenegro." (4) ...
In addition, Im generally skeptical when it comes to "basal grades" and roots inferred by very distinct outgroups. Except for the three species forming the root-parasitic grade (one in South America, two in Australasia), all loranths are aerial parasites. Loranths are a ubiquitous, highly competitive tropical-subtropical group extending into temperate climates with proper summers and little snow. They have a very extensive and relatively old pollen record across all pieces of Gondwana and Laurasia (Grímsson, Kapli et al. 2017, and references therein). The main lineages are sorted continent-wise, and the shift from root to aerial parasitism is supposed to have happened several times within the Santalales and its families. But only once in loranths? And how could only one root-parasitic lineage survive in South America, and two more in Australasia; all with but a single species ...
The process of drug discovery from natural products starts with the selection of study object. In this project recent knowledge and methods are incorporated to investigate the process of such selection for pharmacognostic investigations. As the model and object of study mistletoes and their content of the small cytotoxic peptides thionins are chosen.. The thionins are compared in silico to other proposed plant innate defense peptides. Utilizing analysis of amino acid sequences and secondary structures, the thionins are shown to be one of eight distinct groups of cystein-rich plant polypeptides analysed. Common features of thionins are exploited in an investigation of isolation methods, where a simple acidic extraction is equally efficient to isolate thionins as the laborious methods hitherto used. An effort to study the relationships of the order Santalales was done. To infer phylogenetic relationships from DNA sequences, we increased the taxon sampling for utilized genes and regions such as ...
This is a list of the fish species found in India and is based on FishBase. Albula vulpes (native) Roundjaw bonefish, bonefish Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis (native) Indian longfin eel, Indian mottled eel Anguilla bicolor bicolor (native) Shortfin eel, Indonesian shortfin eel Coloconger raniceps (native), Froghead eel Ariosoma Bathyuroconger vicinus (native) Large-toothed conger Conger cinereus (native) Longfin African conger Gorgasia maculata (native) Whitespotted garden eel Heteroconger hassi (native) Spotted garden eel Heteroconger obscurus (native) Promyllantor purpureus (native) Uroconger lepturus (native) Slender conger Xenomystax trucidans (native) Moringua abbreviata (native) Moringua arundinacea (native) Bengal spaghetti-eel Moringua bicolor (native) Moringua javanica (native) Java spaghetti eel Moringua microchir (native) Lesser thrush eel Moringua raitaborua (native) Purple spaghetti-eel Congresox talabon (native) Yellow pike conger Congresox talabonoides (native) Indian pike ...
The phenylpropanoids are a diverse family of organic compounds that are synthesized by plants from the amino acids phenylalanine and tyrosine. Their name is derived from the six-carbon, aromatic phenyl group and the three-carbon propene tail of cinnamic acid, which is synthesized from phenylalanine in the first step of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis. Phenylpropanoids are found throughout the plant kingdom, where they serve as essential components of a number of structural polymers, provide protection from ultraviolet light, defend against herbivores and pathogens, and mediate plant-pollinator interactions as floral pigments and scent compounds. Concentrations of phenylpropanoids within plants are also altered by changes in resource availability.. ...
ABSTRACT: Epibacterial communities on thalli of the algal species Fucus serratus, Fucus vesiculosus, Laminaria saccharina, Ulva compressa, Delesseria sanguinea and Phycodrys rubens were analysed using 16S ribosomal RNA gene-based DGGE. Individuals of all species were collected in the Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea) and in the rocky intertidal of Helgoland (North Sea). DGGE gels as well as cluster and multidimensional scaling analysis based on the DGGE band patterns of the epibacterial community showed significant differences between the epibacterial communities on the investigated algal species both in the Baltic and North Seas. Epibacterial communities differed less between regions than between host species, and were more similar on closely related host species. Results give the first evidence for lineage-specific bacterial associations to algal thalli. Furthermore, the results suggest that these algal species may control their epibiotic bacterial communities. ...
Section Hylarana, subsection Hylarana, Rana (Odorrana) andersonii group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 329. Related to Rana sanguinea according to the original publication. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 190-191, provided a brief account, map, and figure (as including Rana nasuta and Rana exiliversabilis, both subsequently described from Fujian and Hainan). Li, Ye, and Fei, 2001, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 26: 593-600, reported on morphometric and biochemical variation across geography and suggested that this nominal species is composed at least three species represented by their samples from: 1) Guanxi, Hunan, Guizhou, Jiangxi, and Anhui (Qimen); 2) Fujian, Zhejiang, and Anhui (Huangshan) and 3) Hainan I. These populations were subsequently named as Odorrana exiliversabilis and Odorrana nasuta by Fei, Ye, and Li, 2001, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 26: 601-607. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 78-79, provided an account for Zhejiang populations. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. ...
Family Santalaceae. Order Santalales. Large trees to shrubs. Buttresses absent. Spines present; on trunk. Stilt roots absent. Bark gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Slash brown. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood absent. Odor absent. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves. Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent. Leaves spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; very asymmetric at the base, or symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins not prominent, but visible. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules absent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf absent. Inflorescences present; on the trunk or branches; on an unbranched axis; specialized ...
A Study was done with over 1000 people who ate strawberries daily and it was found they were three times less likely to develop cancer than those who ate none. This is because, strawberries contain ellagitannin, [...]. ...
Systematika krytosymjenjakow po APG III je na kóncu lěta 2009 wuńdźena aktualizacija wot Angiosperm Phylogeny Group najprjedy w lěće 1998 (APG I) namjetana a w lěće 2003 předźěłana (APG II) systematika krytosymjenjakow. Porno předchadnikej, APG II, je so ličba njeplacěrowanych swójbow pomjeńšiła. Město toho je 14 nowych porjadow.[1] ...
The Cronquist system is a taxonomic classification system of flowering plants. It was developed by Arthur Cronquist in a series of monographs and texts, including The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (1968; 2nd edition, 1988) and An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants (1981) (see Bibliography). Cronquist's system places flowering plants into two broad classes, Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons) and Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Within these classes, related orders are grouped into subclasses. While the scheme was widely used, in either the original form or in adapted versions, many botanists now use the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants, first developed in 1998. The system as laid out in Cronquist's An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants (1981) counts 64 orders and 321 families in class Magnoliopsida and 19 orders and 65 families in class Liliopsida. ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons.. *Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (ikke monofyletisk, hvis Balanophoraceae medtages; omfattende ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons.. *Loranthaceae Juss., nom. cons.. *Misodendraceae J.Agardh, nom. cons. ...
Balanophoraceae (agora Santalales), Mitrastemonaceae (agora Ericales) e Boraginaceae (que agora é considerada como pelo menos ...
DNA studies suggest that Cynomorium is not a member of the Balanophoraceae, as previously thought, but more probably belongs to ...
Ammoides , Ammoselinum , Andriana , Anethum , Angelica , Anginon , Angoseseli , Anisopoda , Anisosciadium , Anisotome , Annesorhiza , Anthriscus , Aphanopleura , Apiastrum , Apiopetalum , Apium , Apodicarpum , Arafoe , Arctopus , Arcuatopterus , Arracacia , Artedia , Asciadium , Asteriscium , Astomaea , Astrantia , Astrodaucus , Astydamia , Athamanta , Atrema , Aulacospermum , Aulospermum , Austropeucedanum , Autumnalia , Azilia , Azorella , Berula , Bifora , Bilacunaria , Billburttia , Bolax , Bonannia , Bowlesia , Brachyscias , Bubon , Bunium , Bupleurum , Cachrys , Calyptrosciadium , Canaria , Cannaboides , Capnophyllum , Carlesia , Caropsis , Carum , Caucalis , Cenolophium , Centella , Cephalopodum , Cervaria , Chaerophyllopsis , Chaerophyllum , Chamaesciadium , Chamaesium , Chamarea , Changium , Chlaenosciadium , Chuanminshen , Chymsydia , Cicuta , Cnidium , Coaxana , Conioselinum , Conium , Conopodium , Coriandrum , Coristospermum , Cortia , Cortiella , Cotopaxia , Coulterophytum , ...
தமிழகத்தில் 5640 சிற்றினங்கள் உள்ளன. இது இந்திய நாட்டின் மொத்த பூக்கும் தாவரங்களில் 32% ஆகும். இவற்றுள் 533 சிற்றினங்கள் அகணிய உயிரிகளாகும். 230 சிற்றினங்கள் செம்பட்டியலில் உள்ளவை ஆகும். 1559 சிற்றினங்கள் மூலிகைகள் என அடையாளப்படுத்தப்பட்டுள்ளன. 260 சிற்றினங்கள் பயிரிடப்படும் பயிர்களின் மூதாதையத் தாவரங்களாகும். இந்தியாவின் இருநடுவக்குழல் தாவரங்களில்(Pteridophytes) (1022 சிற்றினங்கள்),184 ...
... is a common name for several flowering plants and may refer to: Balanophora coralliformis in the Balanophoraceae ...
... , sometimes known as coral plant, is a flowering plant in the family Balanophoraceae and is only known ... Pelser, Pieter B.; Tandang, Danilo N.; Barcelona, Julie F. (4 June 2014). "Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new ...
Volume 7 part 4 (1976) - Revisions: Balanophoraceae, Leeaceae, Taccaceae. Volume 8 part 1 (1974) - Revision: Hypericaceae. ...
... austrocaledonica is a species of parasitic plant in the Balanophoraceae family. It is endemic to New Caledonia and ... 2015) Phylogenetic Relationships of Santalales with Insights into the Origins of Holoparasitic Balanophoraceae. Taxon 64 (3): ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons. Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (not monophyletic if Balanophoraceae are embedded; including ...
Balanophoraceae) Juelia lilloana Sleumer (Fabaceae) Lupinus lilloanus C.P.Sm. (Fabaceae) Desmodium lilloanum (Schindl.) Burkart ...
... is a species of plant in the Balanophoraceae family. It is found in Cúc Phương National Park and Kon ...
The Balanophoraceae (from the inflorescence which appears to be covered by barnacles) are a subtropical to tropical family of ... In the classification system of Dahlgren the Balanophoraceae were placed in the order Balanophorales in the superorder ...
Hernandiaceae Elaeagnaceae Myzodendraceae Santalaceae Opiliaceae Grubbiaceae Olacaceae Loranthaceae Balanophoraceae ordo ...
It is likely that the initial host switch was to Balanophoraceae, but these parasitize a wide range of trees so little more can ... Balanophoraceae and Hydnoraceae are root parasitic rather primitive dicots but not closely related. Possibly, the Oxycorynini ... Alloxycorynus, Balanophorobius, Oxycorynus have been recorded from Balanophoraceae. Specific beetle-plant association are A. ...
For the genus of Balanophoraceae plants, see Corynaea (plant). Corynaea is a genus of moth in the family Gelechiidae. It ...
Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new species from Mt. Mingan, Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 170: 291-295. Journé ...
... family Misodendraceae family Loranthaceae family Eremolepidaceae family Viscaceae order Balanophorales family Balanophoraceae ...
In 2005, Balanophoraceae was shown to be in the order Santalales, but its position within that order has not been determined. ... Balanophoraceae is a family of holoparasites with 44 species in 17 genera. For a long time, Cynomorium was usually included in ... This family and Balanophoraceae were placed incertae sedis into orders, that is, their positions within these orders remained ... Two researchers in Taiwan announced on the internet in 2009 that they have results supporting the placement of Balanophoraceae ...
Balanophoraceae subclass 2. Nymphaeidae superorder 1. Nymphaeanae order 1. Nymphaeales family 1. Nymphaeaceae family 2. ...
Balanophoraceae). Jiang ZH, Tanaka T, Iwata H, Sakamoto S, Hirose Y and Kouno I, Chem Pharm Bull, March 2005, volume 53, issue ...
Balanophoraceae, Rafflesiaceae, Podostemacea, Tristichaceae Volume 13 (1972): Loganiaceae, Buddlejaceae Volume 12 (1970): ...
Olacaceae Dipentodontaceae Opiliaceae Grubbiaceae Santalaceae Misodendraceae subordo Loranthineae Loranthaceae Balanophoraceae ...
There are numerous reports of the presence of saponins in Barringtonia and Planchonia, which accounts for their extensive use as fish poisons. Hegnauer (1966) reported the presence of saponins in fruit, seeds and bark of Barringtonia acutangula, B. asiatica, B. racemosa and in the bark of Careya arborea. Darnley Gibbs (1974) records the saponins Barringenol-R and Barringtogenic acid both derivatives of ß-amyrin in Barringtonia racemosa and barringtogenols B-D in B. acutangula. Rumampuk et al. (2003) isolated a triterpene ester saponin from the seed of B. asiatica. Ragasa et al. (2011) reported two new triterpenes from B. asiatica germanicol caffeoyl ester and camelliagenone. They also found many other compounds, germanicol trans-coumaroyl ester, spinasterol and trinolein from the fruits and spinasterol, squalene, linolei acid and trino-lein from the seeds. Some of these compounds exhibited antifungal activity against Candida albicans and caffeoyl ester, camelliagenone and germanicol show ...
Parasitic Plant Connection - Balanophoraceae *University of Wisconsin-Madison , Botany Plant Growth Facilities ...
Anti-HIV Agents , Pharmacology , Balanophoraceae , Chemistry , Cell Line , Gallic Acid , Pharmacology , Glucose , Pharmacology ...
Balanophoraceae (3) Balitoridae (7) Balkans (3) Balsaminaceae - Impatiens (62) Bambusoideae (10) Bangladesh (9) Basidiomycota ( ...
Balanophoraceae Balantidiases use Balantidiasis Balantidiasis Balantidium Balantidium coli Infection use Balantidiasis ...
Balanophoraceae Balantidiases use Balantidiasis Balantidiasis Balantidium Balantidium coli Infection use Balantidiasis ...
Balanophoraceae) Root Extract Against Plasmodium Berghei, Plasmodium Chabaudi, Inflammation and Nociception in Mice.. Jigam, ...
Balanophoraceae (3) Balitoridae (7) Balkans (2) Balsaminaceae - Impatiens (62) Bambusoideae (9) Bangladesh (9) Basidiomycota ( ...
Systematika krytosymjenjakow po APG III je na kóncu lěta 2009 wuńdźena aktualizacija wot Angiosperm Phylogeny Group najprjedy w lěće 1998 (APG I) namjetana a w lěće 2003 předźěłana (APG II) systematika krytosymjenjakow. Porno předchadnikej, APG II, je so ličba njeplacěrowanych swójbow pomjeńšiła. Město toho je 14 nowych porjadow.[1] ...
Balanophoraceae Balantidiases use Balantidiasis Balantidiasis Balantidium Balantidium coli Infection use Balantidiasis ...
Balanophoraceae 蛇菰科. *Balsaminaceae 鳳仙花科. *Basellaceae 落葵科 ...
Flora of the Guianas, Series A: 14: Olacaceae, Opiliaceae, Balanophoraceae £23.99. More Info ...
Balanophoraceae. I I o h M ȁi j. Loranthaceae. ~ \ f h Misodendraceae. ...
Balanophoraceae 蛇菰科. *Balsaminaceae 鳳仙花科. *Basellaceae 落葵科 ...
Deciduous undershrub, shrub, or treelet up to 12 m and 45 cm ø. Leaves mostly obovate-oblong or (obovate-) lanceolate, rarely obovate or linear-lanceolate, 6-20(-25) by 2-7 cm, mostly acuminate, sometimes acute or obtuse at apex, mostly acute, sometimes obtuse at base, margin finely denticulate; Stipules 5-8 by 2-3 mm. Inflorescences compound, many-flowered; Sepals 5, ovate to ovate-oblong, 10-16 by 4-9 mm. Petals 5-6(-10), obovate, 15-25 by 8-15 mm, tapering at base or subunguiculate. Stamens (25-)30-60(-75); Ovaries 6-10(-15), 0.7-1.1 by 0.5-0.7 mm; Fruits mostly 2-3, up to 11 by 8 mm. ...
Posted in Balanophoraceae and tagged Forest , Herb, IUCN-Redlist-Not-assessed, Liberia, Tree-Atlas. ...
Balanophoraceae (1) Bixaceae (1) Blechnaceae (1) Bombacaceae (1) Buddlejaceae (1) Cannaceae (1) Caricaceae (1) Cephalotaxaceae ...
chemical constituents of plants; medicinal plants; spectral analysis; flavonoids; rhizomes; Balanophoraceae; molecular ...
novae-zelandiae has been found colonizing dead plants of the root parasite Dactylanthus taylori (Balanophoraceae), but it is ...
Looking for balanoposthitis? Find out information about balanoposthitis. Inflammation of the glans penis and of the prepuce Explanation of balanoposthitis
Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae. Taxon 64:491-506. ...
Balanophoraceae 0 domande A plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are root ...
Balanophoraceae 0 questions A plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are root ...
The Cronquist system is a taxonomic classification system of flowering plants. It was developed by Arthur Cronquist in a series of monographs and texts, including The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants (1968; 2nd edition, 1988) and An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants (1981) (see Bibliography). Cronquists system places flowering plants into two broad classes, Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons) and Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Within these classes, related orders are grouped into subclasses. While the scheme was widely used, in either the original form or in adapted versions, many botanists now use the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants, first developed in 1998. The system as laid out in Cronquists An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants (1981) counts 64 orders and 321 families in class Magnoliopsida and 19 orders and 65 families in class Liliopsida. ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons.. *Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (ikke monofyletisk, hvis Balanophoraceae medtages; omfattende ...
  • We therefore investigated plastome sequence and expression in the holoparasitic and morphologically bizarre Balanophoraceae. (pnas.org)
  • Although recent molecular phylogenetic studies have identified the photosynthetic relatives of several enigmatic holoparasitic angiosperms, uncertainty remains for the last parasitic plant order, Balanophorales, often considered to include two families, Balanophoraceae and Cynomoriaceae. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Balanophoraceae (in the strict sense) contains 17 genera and 44 species in the neo- and paleotropics whereas Cynomorium has two species in eastern Asia ( C. songaricum ) and the Mediterranean ( C. coccineum ). (beds.ac.uk)
  • Balanophoraceae species attach their tuberous rhizomes (underground stems) to the roots of host trees by means of highly modified roots (haustoria), through which water and nutrients pass from host to parasite. (britannica.com)
  • While there, he wrote a basic work on the life history of the genus Gnetum, the detailed anatomy and taxonomy of some Balanophoraceae, and sketches of Javanese forest plants. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The dramatic reduction of the vegetative body in Balanophoraceae, which may lack all vegetative organs typically found in green land plants, has promoted studies in the field of developmental morphology. (springer.com)
  • Observation sur le genre Cynomorium L. en Asie (Cynomoriaceae). (siu.edu)
  • DNA studies suggest that Cynomorium is not a member of the Balanophoraceae , as previously thought, but more probably belongs to the Saxifragales , possibly near Crassulaceae (stonecrop family). (wikipedia.org)
  • Our work shows that Cynomorium and Balanophoraceae are not closely related as indicated in all past and present classifications. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The presence of bisexual flowers, an unusual bimodal karyotype [ 11 ] and features of the stamens, ovules, and embryo sac [ 12 ] in Cynomorium all support its segregation from Balanophoraceae. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Whether considered one or two families, all past and present classifications accept a relationships between Cynomorium and Balanophoraceae. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Here we report molecular phylogenetic analyses of nuclear ribosomal DNA and mitochondrial matR sequence data that strongly support the independent origin of Balanophoraceae and Cynomoriaceae. (beds.ac.uk)