A plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are root parasites lacking CHLOROPHYLL.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
Analysis of the energy absorbed across a spectrum of x-ray energies/wavelengths to determine the chemical structure and electronic states of the absorbing medium.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Enzymes which transfer sulfur atoms to various acceptor molecules. EC 2.8.1.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are coniferous evergreen trees with long, flat, spirally arranged needles that grow directly from the branch.
Rare leukoencephalopathy with infantile-onset accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the subpial, periventricular, and subependymal zones of the brain. Rosenthal fibers are GLIAL FIBRILLARY ACIDIC PROTEIN aggregates found in ASTROCYTES. Juvenile- and adult-onset types show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem instead. De novo mutations in the GFAP gene are associated with the disease with propensity for paternal inheritance.
A sac or recess formed by a fold of the peritoneum.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
A CHROMATOGRAPHY method using supercritical fluid, usually carbon dioxide under very high pressure (around 73 atmospheres or 1070 psi at room temperature) as the mobile phase. Other solvents are sometimes added as modifiers. This is used both for analytical (SFC) and extraction (SFE) purposes.
A species of gram-positive bacteria that is a common soil and water saprophyte.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A plant genus of the family BALANOPHORACEAE. Members contain stigmastanes and ursanes (TRITERPENES) and lignan glucopyranosides (LIGNANS).
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
A plant genus of the family PYROLACEAE. The common name of wintergreen is more often used for GAULTHERIA.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A plant family of the order Dipsacales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes called the teasel family.
Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. It is characterized by simple leaves in opposite pairs, cystoliths (enlarged cells containing crystals of calcium carbonate), and bilaterally symmetrical and bisexual flowers that are usually crowded together. The common name for Ruellia of wild petunia is easily confused with PETUNIA.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
The removal of a soluble component from a liquid mixture by contact with a second liquid, immiscible with the carrier liquid, in which the component is preferentially soluble. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Those nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity which are located within the CHLOROPLAST DNA.
An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Characteristics include an H-shaped excretory system with two subventral glands.
A plant genus of the family BOMBACACEAE. The fine silky hairs covering the seeds have been used for floatation, stuffing, and insulation.
A genus of zygomycetous fungi in the family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, forming mycelia having a metallic sheen. It has been used for research on phototropism.

A new lignan from Balanophora abbreviata and inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. (1/8)

Six lignans including a new lignan (1), beta-sitosterol glucopyranoside and phenylpropanoids were isolated from the whole plants of Balanophora abbreviata Bl. (Balanophoraceae). Their structures were determined by NMR, MS analysis and other spectroscopic methods. Lignans (1, 2 and 4) showed potent inhibitory activities on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in RAW 264.7 cells.  (+info)

Ellagitannins and lignan glycosides from Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae). (2/8)

Three new ellagitannins named balanophotannins A-C having a 1,1'-(3,3',4,4'-tetrahydroxy)dibenzofurandicarboxyl group in their molecules and four known lignan glycosides were isolated from the extracts of fresh aboveground and underground parts of a medicinal parasitic plant Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral and chemical evidence. Chemotaxonomic significance of the known lignan glycosides in Balanophora japonica was discussed.  (+info)

Antibacterial activity of Thonningia sanguinea against some multi-drug resistant strains of Salmonella enterica. (3/8)

BACKGROUND: The emergence of strains of S.enterica with multiple drug resistance (MDR) is of great concern worldwide.The extracts of flowers of Thonningia sanguinea are used in traditional medicine in Ivory Coast to treat diarrhoeal diseases including salmonellosis. Previous studies had shown inhibition of the MDR strain Salmonella Enteritidis lysotype 6. OBJECTIVES: The present study focused to investigate the effect of the extract of the flowers of Thonningia sanguinea on some clinical MDR strains of Salmonella namely S. Tyhpi, S. Typhimurium, S. Hadar and a sensitive strain (S. Enteritidis). METHODS: The antimicrobial parameters were determined by double dilution with agar slant method. This method led us to determine MIC, IC50 and MBC. RESULTS: The MDR strain of S.Typhimurium presented the highest MIC (2.5 mg/ml) whereas the other two MDR strains (S. Hadar, S. Typhi) and the sensitive one (S. Enteritidis) had the same MIC (1.25 mg/ml). The four strains presented the same MBC (2.5 mg/ml). The MDR strain of S. Typhi is the most susceptible strain to the aqueous extract of the flowers of Thonningia sanguinea according to The IC50 values. CONCLUSIONS: The aqueous extract of Thonningia sanguinea can provide an alternative therapy for the treatment of salmonellosis, mainly for typhoid fever caused by MDR strains of S Typhi. The extract also inhibits S.Hadar a MDR emerging strain in Ivory Coast.  (+info)

Galloyl and hexahydroxydiphenoyl esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides, phenylpropanoids and phenylpropanoid glucosides from rhizome of Balanophora fungosa. (4/8)

Five new galloyl and (S)-hexahydroxydiphenyl (HHDP) esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides; 1-O-(E)-coumaroyl-3-galloyl-4,6-(S)-HHDP-beta-D-glucopyranose (21), 1-O-(E)-coumaroyl-3,4,6-trigalloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (22), 1-O-(E)-caffeoyl-3,4,6-trigalloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (23), 1-O-(E)-cinnamoyl-3-galloyl-4,6-(S)-HHDP-beta-D-glucopyranose (24), and 1-O-(E)-cinnamoyl-4-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (25), together with twenty known compounds which were identified as four triterpenes (1, 2, 3, 5), one steroid (4), one lignan (6), three phenylpropanoids (7, 8, 14), five phenylpropanoid glucosides (10, 12, 13, 15, 16), five galloyl and HHDP esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides (11, 17-20), and one bischroman (9). Their structures were determined on the basis of 1D and 2D spectroscopic data.  (+info)

Papuabalanols A and B, new tannins from Balanophora papuana. (5/8)

Two new dehydrohexahydroxydiphenoyl (DHHDP) esters of dihydrochalcone glycosides, papuabalanols A (1) and B (2) were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of Balanophora papuana. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidences. Papuabalanol A (1) showed moderate vasodilator effect on rat aorta and papuabalanol B (2) showed potent inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase and anti-melanogenesis in B16 mouse melanoma cells.  (+info)

1,3,4-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranose, a new anti-proliferative ellagitannin, regulates the expression of microRNAs in HepG(2) cancer cells. (6/8)

OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. 1, 3, 4-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (BJA32515) is a new natural ellagitannin compound extracted from Balanophora Japonica MAKINO. The effect of BJA32515 on the expression of miRNAs in cancer cells has not yet been explored. Objective The present study was carried out to examine the changes in miRNA expression profiles in human HepG(2) hepatocarcinoma cells following BJA32515 exposure. METHODS: The proliferation of BJA32515-exposed HepG(2) cells was assessed using a colorimetric assay (cell counting kit-8). The miRNA expression profile of the cancer cells was analyzed using a miRNA array and quantitative real-time PCR. Apoptosis was assessed by annexin V and propidium iodide staining. RESULTS: BJA32515 inhibited the cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in HepG(2) cancer cells. The exposure to BJA32515 also caused alterations in the miRNA expression profile in the cells, with 33 miRNAs upregulated and 59 down-regulated. The up-regulation of let-7a and miR-29a and the down-regulation of miR-373 and miR-197 were verified by quantitative real-time PCR. CONCLSION: BJA32515-modifed miRNA expression may mediate the antiproliferative effect of this compound in HepG(2) cancer cells.  (+info)

Microsatellite markers for the endangered root holoparasite Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae) from 454 pyrosequencing. (7/8)

 (+info)

Rate heterogeneity in six protein-coding genes from the holoparasite Balanophora (Balanophoraceae) and other taxa of Santalales. (8/8)

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ABSTRACT: Growth interactions between the raphidophyte Heterosigma akashiwo and the dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea were examined by using bi-algal culture experiments under axenic conditions. There was a lethal effect of H. akashiwo (initial cell density: 1 × 102 or 1 × 104 cells ml−1) on A. sanguinea at an initial cell density of 1 × 102 cells ml−1. Growth of both species was suppressed concurrently when initial cell densities of H. akashiwo and A. sanguinea were 1 × 102 and 2 × 103 cells ml−1, respectively. A mathematical model was used to simulate growth and interactions in bi-algal cultures. The model predicted that H. akashiwo would outcompete A. sanguinea over time. A cell-free enriched filtrate prepared from dense culture of H. akashiwo reduced both maximum growth rate and maximum yield of A. sanguinea. A filtrate of A. sanguinea prepared in the same manner only reduced maximum yield of H. akashiwo but did not affect its maximum growth rate. Growth of A. sanguinea in ...
Atheliachaete sanguinea Phanerochaete sanguinea helo-orvakka r dvedskinn r dvedbarksopp v r s ter lőgomba k rnatec krvav kornatec krvav R tender ...
Salvadori, T. 1878. Descrizione di trentuna specie nuove di uccelli della sottoregione Papuana, e note intorno ad altre poco conosciute. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova 12: 317-347. BHLReference page. [original description: p. 335 ...
Compounding refers to the process by which tailored medications are produced to suit individual circumstances. Compounding allows a veterinarian to achieve optimal clinical outcomes in cases where registered preparations are not appropriate or are not available.. Registered veterinary products must undergo a rigorous assessment by the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) as part of the registration process. The APVMAs registration process involves an assessment of the product to ensure that it works as intended and the scientific data confirms that when used as directed on the product label it will have no harmful or unintended effects on people, animals or the environment. APVMA registration indicates that the product has undergone a quality assurance assessment, is manufactured to strict GMP guidelines and should be effective and safe when used as directed.. Products that are compounded by a veterinarian, or by a pharmacist on the prescription of a veterinarian, ...
Exciting opportunity in Leavenworth, WA for Cascade Veterinary Clinics, Bavarian Village Veterinarian as a Associate Vet Needed in Leavenworth, WA
Cite this page: Ipomoea bolusiana var. abbreviata Text available under a CC-BY-SA Creative Commons Attribution License. www.llifle.com 14 Nov. 2005. 12 Dec 2017. ,/Encyclopedia/SUCCULENTS/Family/Convolvulaceae/1013/Ipomoea_bolusiana_var._abbreviata ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Strangalepta abbreviata, Flower Longhorn Beetle image
摘要(Abstract): 研究鹿仙草总多糖(total polysaccharides from Balanophora henryi,TBP)对酒精性肝病(alcoholic liver disease, ALD)的作用,并探究其可能的作用机制。C57BL/6N小鼠随机分为4组,配对饮食对照组,酒精饮食模型组,模型+TBP干预组,TBP对照组。采用Gao-binge法制备慢性ALD小鼠模型,同时用400 mg·kg~(-1) ...
Russula sanguinea Russula sanguinaria verihapero blodkremla v rv r s galambgomba verev pilvik Bloody Brittlegill Holubinka krvav Blut-T ...
[Objective] The aim was to screen the optimum seedling substrate for Stromanthe sanguinea.[Method] With S.sanguinea as tested material,corn stalk,peat and garden soil as seedling substrates,the physical and chemical indexes of S.sanguinea seedlings on each kind of straw seedling substrates were studied.[Result] The bulk density and total porosity of seedling substrate prepared by corn stalk with different proportions and garden soil were decreased with the decomposition of corn stalk and growth of crop.The nitrogen,phosphor and potassium content in substrate showed downtrend basically.Among them,the descending speed of each element in treatment with corn stalk-garden soil ratio being 3 to 7 was faster and under the treatment,the seedlings adapted the growth environment gradually,and had strong growth vigor and better development in the substrate through observing the exterior growth vigor of S.sanguinea seedlings.[Conclusion] The substrate with corn stalk-garden soil ratio being 3 to 7 was better
Definition: A group of species that exploit the same food resources, and/or use the same feeding or foraging methods. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guild_(ecology ...
Mushroom Observer, Inc., has been recognized as a section 501(c)(3) public charity serving educational purposes. Your donations will help us maintain free online access to all the mycological observations already recorded, and to continue to improve the platform to make the collected information even more useful ...
Reid, David G. (2009). Littorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Coen, 1933. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=445945 on 2017-12- ...
Compact, clumping perennial with scalloped-edged, roundish, bright green leaves with lighter green marbling, 1-3 inches long. Summer borne, loose,
Originating in South America, with a range from Colombia to Chile, B. sanguinea can grow up to 16 ft, developing a very woody trunk. The red flowers do not emit […]. ...
Dogwood in the organic orchard Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) is a small tree that can reach 4-6 meters high, belonging to the family of Cornaceae native to Europe and Asia. It is a deciduous.... ...
A new lignan, polystachyol ( 1), two lignan glycosides, lyoniside ( 2) and nudiposide ( 3), and a sterol, ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one ( 4), with stigmasterol, and oleic and linoleic acids,...
Silva (1960: 19) notes Euglena (Euglenaceae, Euglenophyta). This genus was established by Ehrenberg (1830a, p. 508) to accommodate those euglenoid organisms that have eyespots. Five species were originally assigned to Euglena, namely, Cercaria viridis Mueller, C. pleuronectes Mueller, Vibrio acus Mueller, Euglena spirogyra Ehrenb. (nomen nudum), and E. sanguinea Ehrenb. (nomen nudum, non E. sanguinea (Nees et Goldf.) Ehrenb.). Dujardin (1841, pp. 349, 358) lectotypified Euglena with Cercaria viridis. - (17 Mar 2013) - M.D. Guiry. Description: Green flagellates with elongate, ovoid or fusiform cells, varying in length from 20 to 500 _m, and with 2 flagella originating within an anterior invagination of the cell. The highly mobile long flagellum emerges from the subapical canal opening as the organelle of locomotion, the other is so short that it ends within the reservoir (basal region of the invagination). The locomotory flagellum is doubled in thickness by a paraflagellar rod and bears a ...
How to Plant Tricolor Ginger Plants in Containers. Growing tricolor ginger plants (Stromanthe sanguinea Triostar), also called Triostar ginger, in containers will provide a splash of living color to your home interiorscape or outdoor deck, patio or porch. These tropical foliage plants produce ...
The Saxifragales are an order o flouerin plants.[1] Thair closest relatives are a lairge eudicot group kent as the rosids bi the defineetion o rosids gien in the APG II classification seestem.[2] Some authors define the rosids mair widely, includin Saxifragales as thair maist basal group.[3], Saxifragales is ane o the aicht groups that compone the core eudicots. The ithers are Gunnerales, Dilleniaceae, rosids, Santalales, Berberidopsidales, Caryophyllales, an asterids.[4] ...
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Description from Flora of China. Conyza cinerea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 862. 1753; Blumea chinensis (Linnaeus) Candolle (1836), not Walpers (1843), nor Hooker & Arnott (1837); B. esquirolii H. Léveillé & Vaniot; Cacalia cinerea (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Conyza chinensis Linnaeus; Cyanthillium cinereum (Linnaeus) H. Robinson; Seneciodes cinerea (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Serratula cinerea (Linnaeus) Roxburgh; Vernonia abbreviata Candolle; V. cinerea var. parviflora (Reinwardt) Candolle; V. exilis Miquel; V. parviflora Reinwardt ex Blume.. Herbs, annual or perennial, to 100 cm tall. Root vertical, ± woody, branched, with fibrous rootlets. Stems erect, usually branched above, or rarely from base, striate, gray adpressed puberulent with T-shaped hairs, glandular. Lower and middle leaves: petiole 10-20 mm, leaf blade rhombic-ovate, rhombic-oblong, or ovate, 3-6.5 × 1.5-3 cm, abaxially gray-white or yellowish puberulent, especially along veins, both surfaces glandular, adaxially green, sparsely puberulent, lateral ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Andrew G Ramstead, Igor A Schepetkin, Kimberly Todd, James Loeffelholz, James G Berardinelli, Mark T Quinn, Mark A Jutila].
The argument for D.C. statehood at its core is a about the fundamental right of American citizens to have equal representation in Congress but it is also just as important for us to gain the right to be the final arbiter of our own affairs. Congress meddles in District affairs so much that it is…
The maximum ingestion rate of A. glandula (1.4 ng C predator−1 d−1) is intermediate among those of pfiesteriacean species (Tables 4 & 5); the maximum ingestion rate of A. glandula is lower than those of L. masanensis and P. piscicida, but greater than those of S. changwonensis and S. algicida. The prey species supporting the maximum ingestion rate of A. glandula is A. sanguinea, while that for L. masanensis and P. piscicida is perch blood cells. A. glandula may have difficulty in capturing, handling, ingesting, and digesting large and actively swimming A. sanguinea cells, while L. masanensis and P. piscicida may not have difficulty in capturing, handling, ingesting, and digesting motionless perch blood cells. Furthermore, the maximum growth rate of A. glandula (1.00 d−1) is also intermediate among those of pfiesteriacean species (Tables 4 & 5); the maximum growth rate of A. glandula is lower than that of L. masanensis, P. piscicida, and S. algicida, but greater than C. brodyi, P. ...
Tenacibaculum adriaticum B390 is isolated from the bryozoan Schizobrachiella sanguinea from the Adriatic Sea. The Adriatic Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea and is positioned between the eastern coastline of Italy, and countries of the Balkan Peninsula, from Slovenia, south through Croatia.(3) The Adriatic Sea is about 500 miles (800 km) long, northwest-southeast, and up to 140 miles (225 km) wide. It has an area of approximately 51,000 square miles (132,000 km 2 ), slightly less than that of Lakes Superior and Michigan combined. The Adriatic is one of the shallowest parts of the Mediterranean, with an average depth of about 800 feet (240 m). The deepest spot, 4,034 feet (1,230 m), is about midway between Bari, Italy, and the coast of Montenegro. (4) ...
In addition, Im generally skeptical when it comes to basal grades and roots inferred by very distinct outgroups. Except for the three species forming the root-parasitic grade (one in South America, two in Australasia), all loranths are aerial parasites. Loranths are a ubiquitous, highly competitive tropical-subtropical group extending into temperate climates with proper summers and little snow. They have a very extensive and relatively old pollen record across all pieces of Gondwana and Laurasia (Grímsson, Kapli et al. 2017, and references therein). The main lineages are sorted continent-wise, and the shift from root to aerial parasitism is supposed to have happened several times within the Santalales and its families. But only once in loranths? And how could only one root-parasitic lineage survive in South America, and two more in Australasia; all with but a single species ...
The process of drug discovery from natural products starts with the selection of study object. In this project recent knowledge and methods are incorporated to investigate the process of such selection for pharmacognostic investigations. As the model and object of study mistletoes and their content of the small cytotoxic peptides thionins are chosen.. The thionins are compared in silico to other proposed plant innate defense peptides. Utilizing analysis of amino acid sequences and secondary structures, the thionins are shown to be one of eight distinct groups of cystein-rich plant polypeptides analysed. Common features of thionins are exploited in an investigation of isolation methods, where a simple acidic extraction is equally efficient to isolate thionins as the laborious methods hitherto used. An effort to study the relationships of the order Santalales was done. To infer phylogenetic relationships from DNA sequences, we increased the taxon sampling for utilized genes and regions such as ...
This is a list of the fish species found in India and is based on FishBase. Albula vulpes (native) Roundjaw bonefish, bonefish Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis (native) Indian longfin eel, Indian mottled eel Anguilla bicolor bicolor (native) Shortfin eel, Indonesian shortfin eel Coloconger raniceps (native), Froghead eel Ariosoma Bathyuroconger vicinus (native) Large-toothed conger Conger cinereus (native) Longfin African conger Gorgasia maculata (native) Whitespotted garden eel Heteroconger hassi (native) Spotted garden eel Heteroconger obscurus (native) Promyllantor purpureus (native) Uroconger lepturus (native) Slender conger Xenomystax trucidans (native) Moringua abbreviata (native) Moringua arundinacea (native) Bengal spaghetti-eel Moringua bicolor (native) Moringua javanica (native) Java spaghetti eel Moringua microchir (native) Lesser thrush eel Moringua raitaborua (native) Purple spaghetti-eel Congresox talabon (native) Yellow pike conger Congresox talabonoides (native) Indian pike ...
The phenylpropanoids are a diverse family of organic compounds that are synthesized by plants from the amino acids phenylalanine and tyrosine. Their name is derived from the six-carbon, aromatic phenyl group and the three-carbon propene tail of cinnamic acid, which is synthesized from phenylalanine in the first step of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis. Phenylpropanoids are found throughout the plant kingdom, where they serve as essential components of a number of structural polymers, provide protection from ultraviolet light, defend against herbivores and pathogens, and mediate plant-pollinator interactions as floral pigments and scent compounds. Concentrations of phenylpropanoids within plants are also altered by changes in resource availability.. ...
ABSTRACT: Epibacterial communities on thalli of the algal species Fucus serratus, Fucus vesiculosus, Laminaria saccharina, Ulva compressa, Delesseria sanguinea and Phycodrys rubens were analysed using 16S ribosomal RNA gene-based DGGE. Individuals of all species were collected in the Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea) and in the rocky intertidal of Helgoland (North Sea). DGGE gels as well as cluster and multidimensional scaling analysis based on the DGGE band patterns of the epibacterial community showed significant differences between the epibacterial communities on the investigated algal species both in the Baltic and North Seas. Epibacterial communities differed less between regions than between host species, and were more similar on closely related host species. Results give the first evidence for lineage-specific bacterial associations to algal thalli. Furthermore, the results suggest that these algal species may control their epibiotic bacterial communities. ...
Section Hylarana, subsection Hylarana, Rana (Odorrana) andersonii group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 329. Related to Rana sanguinea according to the original publication. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 190-191, provided a brief account, map, and figure (as including Rana nasuta and Rana exiliversabilis, both subsequently described from Fujian and Hainan). Li, Ye, and Fei, 2001, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 26: 593-600, reported on morphometric and biochemical variation across geography and suggested that this nominal species is composed at least three species represented by their samples from: 1) Guanxi, Hunan, Guizhou, Jiangxi, and Anhui (Qimen); 2) Fujian, Zhejiang, and Anhui (Huangshan) and 3) Hainan I. These populations were subsequently named as Odorrana exiliversabilis and Odorrana nasuta by Fei, Ye, and Li, 2001, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 26: 601-607. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 78-79, provided an account for Zhejiang populations. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. ...
Family Santalaceae. Order Santalales. Large trees to shrubs. Buttresses absent. Spines present; on trunk. Stilt roots absent. Bark gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Slash brown. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood absent. Odor absent. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves. Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent. Leaves spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; very asymmetric at the base, or symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins not prominent, but visible. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules absent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf absent. Inflorescences present; on the trunk or branches; on an unbranched axis; specialized ...
A Study was done with over 1000 people who ate strawberries daily and it was found they were three times less likely to develop cancer than those who ate none. This is because, strawberries contain ellagitannin, [...]. ...
Balanophoraceae) root extract against Plasmodium berghei, Plasmodium chabaudi, inflammation and nociception in mice. Journal of ... Thonningia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Balanophoraceae containing the single species Thonningia ... Leistner, O. A. (2005). Balanophoraceae. Archived 2008-11-21 at the Wayback Machine Seed Plants of Southern Tropical Africa: ... Seidemann, Johannes (2005). "Thonningia Vahl - Balanophoraceae". World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy. Springer ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons. Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (not monophyletic if Balanophoraceae are embedded; including ...
... balanophoraceae. Walking along the 700 meters path, animal footprints like deer, bears, boars, or tigers claw marks on the ...
Balanophoraceae subclass 2. Nymphaeidae superorder 1. Nymphaeanae order 1. Nymphaeales family 1. Nymphaeaceae family 2. ...
3. Salicaceae to Balanophoraceae. - 128 pp. Helsinki. Jalas, J. & Suominen, J. (ed.) 1979: Atlas Florae Europaeae. 4. ...
J.Presl *Balanophoraceae Rich. Loranthaceae Juss. Misodendraceae J.Agardh Santalaceae R.Br. Olacaceae R.Br. Opiliaceae Valeton ...
Balanophoraceae) in eastern Himalaya (Sikkim, India): distribution, range, status and threats". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10 ... Balanophora is a genus of parasitic plants in the family Balanophoraceae found in parts of tropical and temperate Asia, ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Balanophoraceae". Flora Malesiana. Retrieved 30 March 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
See also Balanophoraceae L.C. & A. Rich. MOBOT : Cynomoriaceae (placed under Saxifragales) MOBOT : Cynomoriaceae (placed under ... DNA studies suggest that Cynomorium is not a member of the Balanophoraceae, as previously thought, but more probably belongs to ...
Family: Balanophoraceae, Genus Mystropetalon: Mystropetalon thomii Harv. endemic Genus Sarcophyte: Sarcophyte sanguinea Sparrm ...
Plantae → Tracheophyta → Magnoliopsida → Balanophorales → Balanophoraceae Porodica Balanophoraceae Rich.[uredi VE , uredi]. * ... Balanophoraceae , Balanophrya , Balanophyllia , Balanophyllia , Balanopleon , Balanopteryx , Balanoptica , Balanowithius , ...
It is likely that the initial host switch was to Balanophoraceae, but these parasitize a wide range of trees so little more can ... Balanophoraceae and Hydnoraceae are root parasitic rather primitive dicots but not closely related. Possibly, the Oxycorynini ... Alloxycorynus, Balanophorobius, Oxycorynus have been recorded from Balanophoraceae. Specific beetle-plant association are A. ...
For the genus of Balanophoraceae plants, see Corynaea (plant). Corynaea is a genus of moth in the family Gelechiidae. It ...
... are a genus of flowering plants in the family Balanophoraceae, native to Central America, South America, ... Balanophoraceae)". Systematic Botany. 36 (2): 424-427. doi:10.1600/036364411X569606. S2CID 86579953. Thorogood, Chris (2020). " ...
Volume 7 part 4 (1976) - Revisions: Balanophoraceae, Leeaceae, Taccaceae. Volume 8 part 1 (1974) - Revision: Hypericaceae. ...
Balanophoraceae (agora Santalales), Mitrastemonaceae (agora Ericales) e Boraginaceae (que agora é considerada como pelo menos ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons.. *Loranthaceae Juss., nom. cons.. *Misodendraceae J.Agardh, nom. cons. ...
Santalales families: *Balanophoraceae Rich. (1822), nom. cons., Loranthaceae Juss. (1808), nom. cons., Misodendraceae J.Agardh ...
2.0 2.1 2.2 Leistner, O. A. (2005). Balanophoraceae. 互联网档案馆的存檔,存档日期2008-11-21. Seed Plants of Southern Tropical Africa: ... Balanophoraceae) root extract against Plasmodium berghei, Plasmodium chabaudi, inflammation and nociception in mice. Journal of ... 2013). In vitro antibacterial activity of Thonningia sanguinea (Balanophoraceae (Vahl)) flowers extracts. Journal of ... Thonningia Vahl - Balanophoraceae. World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy. Springer. 2005: 364. ISBN 978-3-540- ...
... is a species of plant in the Balanophoraceae family. It is found in Cúc Phương National Park and Kon ...
Balanophoraceae) Juelia lilloana Sleumer (Fabaceae) Lupinus lilloanus C.P.Sm. (Fabaceae) Desmodium lilloanum (Schindl.) Burkart ...
... , sometimes known as coral plant, is a flowering plant in the family Balanophoraceae and is only known ... Balanophoraceae), a new species from Mt. Mingan, Luzon, Philippines". Phytotaxa. 170 (4): 291-295. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.170.4 ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons.. *Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (nem monofiletikus, ha a Balanophoraceae-t is beleértjük; ...
Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new species from Mt. Mingan, Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 170: 291-295. Journé ...
Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new species from Mt. Mingan, Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 170: 291-295. The ...
... austrocaledonica is a species of parasitic plant in the Balanophoraceae family. It is endemic to New Caledonia and ... 2015) Phylogenetic Relationships of Santalales with Insights into the Origins of Holoparasitic Balanophoraceae. Taxon 64 (3): ...
Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new species from Mt. Mingan, Luzon, Philippines.Phytotaxa. 291-295. Ferreras, U ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Himalaya to Southern ...
"Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae". Taxon. 64 (3): 491- ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Western Central ...
In 2005, Balanophoraceae was shown to be in the order Santalales, but its position within that order has not been determined. ... Balanophoraceae is a family of holoparasites with 44 species in 17 genera. For a long time, Cynomorium was usually included in ... This family and Balanophoraceae were placed incertae sedis into orders, that is, their positions within these orders remained ... Two researchers in Taiwan announced on the internet in 2009 that they have results supporting the placement of Balanophoraceae ...
Balanophoraceae has sometimes been placed by most authorities in its own order, Balanophorales, but ... Balanophoraceae, the balanophora family of flowering plants, which includes about 18 genera containing more than 100 species of ... More About Balanophoraceae. 1 reference found in Britannica articles. Assorted References. *Santalales* In Santalales: Families ... Balanophoraceae has sometimes been placed by most authorities in its own order, Balanophorales, but the family is now placed in ...
Media related to Balanophoraceae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Balanophoraceae at Wikispecies Balanophoraceae at ... The Balanophoraceae (from the inflorescence which appears to be covered by barnacles) are a subtropical to tropical family of ... In the classification system of Dahlgren the Balanophoraceae were placed in the order Balanophorales in the superorder ...
Balanophoraceae: Plants of the genera Balanophora and Langsdorffia contain an inflammable waxy material, and the stems have ... genus of Balanophoraceae. * In Balanophoraceae. Plants of the genera Balanophora and Langsdorffia contain an inflammable waxy ...
Species of Balanophoraceae. *Helosis brasiliensis Schott&Endl.. *Helosis cayennensis (Sw.)Spreng.. Helosis guyanensis Rich.; ... Statistics of Balanophoraceae. Scroll to view the list of species.. Containing 42 accepted names (species) with 2961 ...
Balanophoraceae Reference. *Barkman, Todd J., Bellia E. Emoi and Rimi Repin 2003 The genus Balanophora (Balanophoraceae) in ... Balanophoraceae. 山羊百科,林文智老師的植物、山岳、攝影紀錄. ... Balanophoraceae), and their hosts in Taiwan and Japan J. Plant Res. 125: 317-326 ... 取自"http://plant.climb.com.tw/modules/mediawiki/index.php/
Plantae → Tracheophyta → Magnoliopsida → Balanophorales → Balanophoraceae Porodica Balanophoraceae Rich.[uredi VE , uredi]. * ... Balanophoraceae , Balanophrya , Balanophyllia , Balanophyllia , Balanopleon , Balanopteryx , Balanoptica , Balanowithius , ...
Balanophoraceae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr.23: 1-80.Google Scholar. *. Harley, R. M. andS. J. Mayo. 1980. Towards a checklist of the ...
The dramatic reduction of the vegetative body in Balanophoraceae, which may lack all vegetative organs typically found in green ... whereas Balanophoraceae are holoparasites that form terrestrial tubers attached to the roots of woody hosts. In both orders, ... and the latter with the single family Balanophoraceae composed of 16 genera and about 42 species. The contentious family ... and also the classification of Balanophoraceae has been carefully updated. ...
本公司經營植物解說牌、公共標示牌之製作業務
Balanophoraceae (agora Santalales), Mitrastemonaceae (agora Ericales) e Boraginaceae (que agora é considerada como pelo menos ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons.. *Loranthaceae Juss., nom. cons.. *Misodendraceae J.Agardh, nom. cons. ...
Santalales families: *Balanophoraceae Rich. (1822), nom. cons., Loranthaceae Juss. (1808), nom. cons., Misodendraceae J.Agardh ...
2.0 2.1 2.2 Leistner, O. A. (2005). Balanophoraceae. 互联网档案馆的存檔,存档日期2008-11-21. Seed Plants of Southern Tropical Africa: ... Balanophoraceae) root extract against Plasmodium berghei, Plasmodium chabaudi, inflammation and nociception in mice. Journal of ... 2013). In vitro antibacterial activity of Thonningia sanguinea (Balanophoraceae (Vahl)) flowers extracts. Journal of ... Thonningia Vahl - Balanophoraceae. World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy. Springer. 2005: 364. ISBN 978-3-540- ...
BALANOPHORACEAE. Dactylanthus taylorii CoP9 Prop. 73. New Zealand. Inclusion in Appendix I. ...
Family Balanophoraceae - parasitic species Family Cuscutaceae - parasitic species Family Hydnoraceae - parasitic species ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons.. *Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (nem monofiletikus, ha a Balanophoraceae-t is beleértjük; ...
DNA studies suggest that Cynomorium is not a member of the Balanophoraceae, as previously thought, but more probably belongs to ...
Balanophoraceae) root extract against Plasmodium berghei, Plasmodium chabaudi, inflammation and nociception in mice. Journal of ... Thonningia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Balanophoraceae containing the single species Thonningia ... Leistner, O. A. (2005). Balanophoraceae. Archived 2008-11-21 at the Wayback Machine Seed Plants of Southern Tropical Africa: ... Seidemann, Johannes (2005). "Thonningia Vahl - Balanophoraceae". World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy. Springer ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons.. *Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (ikke monofyletisk, hvis Balanophoraceae medtages; omfattende ...
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Ammoides , Ammoselinum , Andriana , Anethum , Angelica , Anginon , Angoseseli , Anisopoda , Anisosciadium , Anisotome , Annesorhiza , Anthriscus , Aphanopleura , Apiastrum , Apiopetalum , Apium , Apodicarpum , Arafoe , Arctopus , Arcuatopterus , Arracacia , Artedia , Asciadium , Asteriscium , Astomaea , Astrantia , Astrodaucus , Astydamia , Athamanta , Atrema , Aulacospermum , Aulospermum , Austropeucedanum , Autumnalia , Azilia , Azorella , Berula , Bifora , Bilacunaria , Billburttia , Bolax , Bonannia , Bowlesia , Brachyscias , Bubon , Bunium , Bupleurum , Cachrys , Calyptrosciadium , Canaria , Cannaboides , Capnophyllum , Carlesia , Caropsis , Carum , Caucalis , Cenolophium , Centella , Cephalopodum , Cervaria , Chaerophyllopsis , Chaerophyllum , Chamaesciadium , Chamaesium , Chamarea , Changium , Chlaenosciadium , Chuanminshen , Chymsydia , Cicuta , Cnidium , Coaxana , Conioselinum , Conium , Conopodium , Coriandrum , Coristospermum , Cortia , Cortiella , Cotopaxia , Coulterophytum , ...
50782 specimens found in the database ...
Balanitaceae, Balanopaceae, Balanophoraceae, Balsameaceae, Balsaminaceae, Bambusaceae, Barbaceniaceae, Barbeuiaceae, ... Erythropalaceae, "Olacaceae" [[Loranthaceae [Misodendraceae + Schoepfiaceae]] [Opiliaceae + Santalaceae]], Balanophoraceae ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., 1822 - 1 sp. *Dactylanthaceae Takht., 198 - 0 spp. *. Viscaceae Batsch, 1802 *Arceuthobiaceae Tiegh. ex ...
Balanophoraceae Balanophora japonica 527 Japan Hiroshima 2000/12/23 Balanophoraceae Balanophora sp. 238 China Lijiang 1997/8/21 ... Balanophoraceae Balanophora yuwanensis 528 Japan Kagoshima 1979/12/26 Balsaminaceae Impatiens balsamina 538 Japan Hiroshima ...
Balanophoraceae 144 Yes Balsaminaceae 37 Yes Basellaceae 127 Yes Begoniaceae 81 No ...
Balanopaceae, Balanophoraceae, Balsaminaceae, Basellaceae, Begoniaceae, Bignoniaceae, Bixaceae, Bonnetiaceae, Boraginaceae, ...
Balanophoraceae Caldasia fungiformis Mutis ex Eichler -- Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 17: 136. 1873 [16 Oct 1873] (IK) ... Balanophoraceae Caldasia cayanensis (Sw.) Mutis ex Steud. -- Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel], ed. 2. 1: 255. 1840 (GCI) ... Balanophoraceae Caldasia cayennensis Mutis ex Steud. -- Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel], ed. 2. 1: 255. 1840 (IK) ... Balanophoraceae Caldasia brasiliensis Kuntze -- Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 590. 1891 [5 Nov 1891] (GCI) ...
Balanophoraceae. 51. Daphniphyllaceae. 52. Euphorbiaceae. 53. Ulmaceae. 54. Cannabaceae. 55. Moraceae. 56. Urticaceae. 57. ...
We therefore investigated plastome sequence and expression in the holoparasitic and morphologically bizarre Balanophoraceae. ...
  • Balanophoraceae , the balanophora family of flowering plants, which includes about 18 genera containing more than 100 species of root parasites that are distributed primarily throughout the tropics. (britannica.com)
  • Su, Huei-Jiun, Jin Murata, Jer-Ming Hu 2012 Morphology and phylogenetics of two holoparasitic plants, Balanophora japonica and Balanophora yakushimensis ( Balanophoraceae ), and their hosts in Taiwan and Japan J. Plant Res. (climb.com.tw)
  • A new phenolic constituent and a cyanogenic glycoside from Balanophora involucrata (Balanophoraceae). (bireme.br)
  • Rate heterogeneity in six protein-coding genes from the holoparasite Balanophora (Balanophoraceae) and other taxa of Santalales. (bireme.br)
  • Thonningia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Balanophoraceae containing the single species Thonningia sanguinea. (wikipedia.org)
  • While there, he wrote a basic work on the life history of the genus Gnetum, the detailed anatomy and taxonomy of some Balanophoraceae, and sketches of Javanese forest plants. (encyclopedia.com)
  • a genus of plants of the family Cynomoriaceae (sometimes included in the family Balanophoraceae). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A plant genus of the family BALANOPHORACEAE which contains thonningianins (TANNINS). (bvsalud.org)
  • Group: Dicot: Family: Balanophoraceae: Genus: Sarcophyte: Species: Sarcophyte piriei Hutch. (poconobedandbreakfastinns.com)
  • Balanophoraceae has sometimes been placed by most authorities in its own order, Balanophorales, but the family is now placed in the sandalwood order , Santalales, within the core eudicots. (britannica.com)
  • In the present volume taxonomic treatments including descriptions of and keys to the families and genera for the orders Santalales and Balanophorales are offered, the former group here comprising 12 families with 162 genera and about 2100 species, and the latter with the single family Balanophoraceae composed of 16 genera and about 42 species. (springer.com)
  • The contentious family classification of Santalales has been thoroughly revised against the background of previous classifications as well as available structural and molecular evidence, and also the classification of Balanophoraceae has been carefully updated. (springer.com)
  • Santalales are predominantly hemiparasites connected with either the branches or the roots of other green land plants, whereas Balanophoraceae are holoparasites that form terrestrial tubers attached to the roots of woody hosts. (springer.com)
  • Balanophoraceae appear related to Santalales (sandalwood order), a position previously suggested from morphological characters that are often assumed to be convergent. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Previous molecular phylogenetic work using only nuclear small-subunit ribosomal DNA [ 13 ] suggested placement of Cynomorium with Saxifragales and Balanophoraceae with the sandalwood order (Santalales). (beds.ac.uk)
  • The root holoparasite Thonningia sanguinea (Balanophoraceae) and an inflorescence-feeding fly in the tropical rainforests of West Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonasterid holoparasites from Balanophoraceae (Corynaea), Hydnoraceae (Hydnora) and Cytinaceae (Cytinus) were tested for the presence of plastid genes and a plastome. (nih.gov)
  • The family Balanophoraceae consists of root holoparasites that present reduced plastid genomes with an extraordinarily elevated AT content and the single genetic code change ever documented in land plant plastomes (the stop codon TAG now codes for tryptophan). (bvsalud.org)
  • We therefore investigated plastome sequence and expression in the holoparasitic and morphologically bizarre Balanophoraceae. (pnas.org)
  • Although recent molecular phylogenetic studies have identified the photosynthetic relatives of several enigmatic holoparasitic angiosperms, uncertainty remains for the last parasitic plant order, Balanophorales, often considered to include two families, Balanophoraceae and Cynomoriaceae. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Microsatellite markers for the endangered root holoparasite Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae) from 454 pyrosequencing. (semanticscholar.org)
  • 2010. Morphogenesis is highly aberrant in the vegetative body of the holoparasite Lophophytum leandrii (Balanophoraceae): All typical vegetative organs are absent and many tissues are highly modified . (unne.edu.ar)
  • The Balanophoraceae (from the inflorescence which appears to be covered by barnacles) are a subtropical to tropical family of obligate parasitic flowering plants, notable for their unusual development and obscure affinities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dramatic reduction of the vegetative body in Balanophoraceae, which may lack all vegetative organs typically found in green land plants, has promoted studies in the field of developmental morphology. (springer.com)
  • THOMSON (Balanophoraceae) is a parasite plant often growing on the roots of leguminous plants. (bireme.br)
  • Balanophoraceae species attach their tuberous rhizomes (underground stems) to the roots of host trees by means of highly modified roots (haustoria), through which water and nutrients pass from host to parasite. (britannica.com)
  • Balanophoraceae (in the strict sense) contains 17 genera and 44 species in the neo- and paleotropics whereas Cynomorium has two species in eastern Asia ( C. songaricum ) and the Mediterranean ( C. coccineum ). (beds.ac.uk)
  • Balanophoraceae Caldasia brasiliensis Kuntze -- Revis. (ipni.org)
  • Here, we studied the plastomes of Lophophytum leandri and Ombrophytum subterraneum (Balanophoraceae) that showed the remarkable absence of the gene trnE, a highly biased nucleotide composition, and an independent genetic code change (the standard stop codon TGA codes for tryptophan). (bvsalud.org)
  • DNA studies suggest that Cynomorium is not a member of the Balanophoraceae , as previously thought, but more probably belongs to the Saxifragales , possibly near Crassulaceae (stonecrop family). (wikipedia.org)
  • The cyanogenic compound isolated from the Balanophoraceae family for the first time might be a signal molecule between B. involucrata and its hosts. (bireme.br)
  • piriei [family BALANOPHORACEAE], in Bot. (poconobedandbreakfastinns.com)
  • Here we report molecular phylogenetic analyses of nuclear ribosomal DNA and mitochondrial matR sequence data that strongly support the independent origin of Balanophoraceae and Cynomoriaceae. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Observation sur le genre Cynomorium L. en Asie (Cynomoriaceae). (siu.edu)
  • Our work shows that Cynomorium and Balanophoraceae are not closely related as indicated in all past and present classifications. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The presence of bisexual flowers, an unusual bimodal karyotype [ 11 ] and features of the stamens, ovules, and embryo sac [ 12 ] in Cynomorium all support its segregation from Balanophoraceae. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Whether considered one or two families, all past and present classifications accept a relationships between Cynomorium and Balanophoraceae. (beds.ac.uk)
  • In the classification system of Dahlgren the Balanophoraceae were placed in the order Balanophorales in the superorder Balanophoriflorae (also called Balanophoranae). (wikipedia.org)
  • Balanophoraceae) root extract against Plasmodium berghei , Plasmodium chabaudi , inflammation and nociception in mice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Posted in Balanophoraceae and tagged Forest , Herb , IUCN-Redlist-Not-assessed , Liberia , Tree-Atlas . (liberianfaunaflora.org)
  • We sampled two populations of the root parasite Scybalium fungiforme (Balanophoraceae) in seasonal tropical forest fragments to identify its host species and their functional attributes. (scielo.org)