A plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are root parasites lacking CHLOROPHYLL.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.

A new lignan from Balanophora abbreviata and inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. (1/8)

Six lignans including a new lignan (1), beta-sitosterol glucopyranoside and phenylpropanoids were isolated from the whole plants of Balanophora abbreviata Bl. (Balanophoraceae). Their structures were determined by NMR, MS analysis and other spectroscopic methods. Lignans (1, 2 and 4) showed potent inhibitory activities on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in RAW 264.7 cells.  (+info)

Ellagitannins and lignan glycosides from Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae). (2/8)

Three new ellagitannins named balanophotannins A-C having a 1,1'-(3,3',4,4'-tetrahydroxy)dibenzofurandicarboxyl group in their molecules and four known lignan glycosides were isolated from the extracts of fresh aboveground and underground parts of a medicinal parasitic plant Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral and chemical evidence. Chemotaxonomic significance of the known lignan glycosides in Balanophora japonica was discussed.  (+info)

Antibacterial activity of Thonningia sanguinea against some multi-drug resistant strains of Salmonella enterica. (3/8)

BACKGROUND: The emergence of strains of S.enterica with multiple drug resistance (MDR) is of great concern worldwide.The extracts of flowers of Thonningia sanguinea are used in traditional medicine in Ivory Coast to treat diarrhoeal diseases including salmonellosis. Previous studies had shown inhibition of the MDR strain Salmonella Enteritidis lysotype 6. OBJECTIVES: The present study focused to investigate the effect of the extract of the flowers of Thonningia sanguinea on some clinical MDR strains of Salmonella namely S. Tyhpi, S. Typhimurium, S. Hadar and a sensitive strain (S. Enteritidis). METHODS: The antimicrobial parameters were determined by double dilution with agar slant method. This method led us to determine MIC, IC50 and MBC. RESULTS: The MDR strain of S.Typhimurium presented the highest MIC (2.5 mg/ml) whereas the other two MDR strains (S. Hadar, S. Typhi) and the sensitive one (S. Enteritidis) had the same MIC (1.25 mg/ml). The four strains presented the same MBC (2.5 mg/ml). The MDR strain of S. Typhi is the most susceptible strain to the aqueous extract of the flowers of Thonningia sanguinea according to The IC50 values. CONCLUSIONS: The aqueous extract of Thonningia sanguinea can provide an alternative therapy for the treatment of salmonellosis, mainly for typhoid fever caused by MDR strains of S Typhi. The extract also inhibits S.Hadar a MDR emerging strain in Ivory Coast.  (+info)

Galloyl and hexahydroxydiphenoyl esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides, phenylpropanoids and phenylpropanoid glucosides from rhizome of Balanophora fungosa. (4/8)

Five new galloyl and (S)-hexahydroxydiphenyl (HHDP) esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides; 1-O-(E)-coumaroyl-3-galloyl-4,6-(S)-HHDP-beta-D-glucopyranose (21), 1-O-(E)-coumaroyl-3,4,6-trigalloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (22), 1-O-(E)-caffeoyl-3,4,6-trigalloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (23), 1-O-(E)-cinnamoyl-3-galloyl-4,6-(S)-HHDP-beta-D-glucopyranose (24), and 1-O-(E)-cinnamoyl-4-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (25), together with twenty known compounds which were identified as four triterpenes (1, 2, 3, 5), one steroid (4), one lignan (6), three phenylpropanoids (7, 8, 14), five phenylpropanoid glucosides (10, 12, 13, 15, 16), five galloyl and HHDP esters of phenylpropanoid glucosides (11, 17-20), and one bischroman (9). Their structures were determined on the basis of 1D and 2D spectroscopic data.  (+info)

Papuabalanols A and B, new tannins from Balanophora papuana. (5/8)

Two new dehydrohexahydroxydiphenoyl (DHHDP) esters of dihydrochalcone glycosides, papuabalanols A (1) and B (2) were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of Balanophora papuana. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidences. Papuabalanol A (1) showed moderate vasodilator effect on rat aorta and papuabalanol B (2) showed potent inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase and anti-melanogenesis in B16 mouse melanoma cells.  (+info)

1,3,4-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranose, a new anti-proliferative ellagitannin, regulates the expression of microRNAs in HepG(2) cancer cells. (6/8)

OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. 1, 3, 4-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (BJA32515) is a new natural ellagitannin compound extracted from Balanophora Japonica MAKINO. The effect of BJA32515 on the expression of miRNAs in cancer cells has not yet been explored. Objective The present study was carried out to examine the changes in miRNA expression profiles in human HepG(2) hepatocarcinoma cells following BJA32515 exposure. METHODS: The proliferation of BJA32515-exposed HepG(2) cells was assessed using a colorimetric assay (cell counting kit-8). The miRNA expression profile of the cancer cells was analyzed using a miRNA array and quantitative real-time PCR. Apoptosis was assessed by annexin V and propidium iodide staining. RESULTS: BJA32515 inhibited the cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in HepG(2) cancer cells. The exposure to BJA32515 also caused alterations in the miRNA expression profile in the cells, with 33 miRNAs upregulated and 59 down-regulated. The up-regulation of let-7a and miR-29a and the down-regulation of miR-373 and miR-197 were verified by quantitative real-time PCR. CONCLSION: BJA32515-modifed miRNA expression may mediate the antiproliferative effect of this compound in HepG(2) cancer cells.  (+info)

Microsatellite markers for the endangered root holoparasite Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae) from 454 pyrosequencing. (7/8)

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Rate heterogeneity in six protein-coding genes from the holoparasite Balanophora (Balanophoraceae) and other taxa of Santalales. (8/8)

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ABSTRACT: Growth interactions between the raphidophyte Heterosigma akashiwo and the dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea were examined by using bi-algal culture experiments under axenic conditions. There was a lethal effect of H. akashiwo (initial cell density: 1 × 102 or 1 × 104 cells ml−1) on A. sanguinea at an initial cell density of 1 × 102 cells ml−1. Growth of both species was suppressed concurrently when initial cell densities of H. akashiwo and A. sanguinea were 1 × 102 and 2 × 103 cells ml−1, respectively. A mathematical model was used to simulate growth and interactions in bi-algal cultures. The model predicted that H. akashiwo would outcompete A. sanguinea over time. A cell-free enriched filtrate prepared from dense culture of H. akashiwo reduced both maximum growth rate and maximum yield of A. sanguinea. A filtrate of A. sanguinea prepared in the same manner only reduced maximum yield of H. akashiwo but did not affect its maximum growth rate. Growth of A. sanguinea in ...
Atheliachaete sanguinea Phanerochaete sanguinea helo-orvakka r dvedskinn r dvedbarksopp v r s ter lőgomba k rnatec krvav kornatec krvav R tender ...
Salvadori, T. 1878. Descrizione di trentuna specie nuove di uccelli della sottoregione Papuana, e note intorno ad altre poco conosciute. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova 12: 317-347. BHLReference page. [original description: p. 335 ...
Compounding refers to the process by which tailored medications are produced to suit individual circumstances. Compounding allows a veterinarian to achieve optimal clinical outcomes in cases where registered preparations are not appropriate or are not available.. Registered veterinary products must undergo a rigorous assessment by the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) as part of the registration process. The APVMAs registration process involves an assessment of the product to ensure that it works as intended and the scientific data confirms that when used as directed on the product label it will have no harmful or unintended effects on people, animals or the environment. APVMA registration indicates that the product has undergone a quality assurance assessment, is manufactured to strict GMP guidelines and should be effective and safe when used as directed.. Products that are compounded by a veterinarian, or by a pharmacist on the prescription of a veterinarian, ...
Exciting opportunity in Leavenworth, WA for Cascade Veterinary Clinics, Bavarian Village Veterinarian as a Associate Vet Needed in Leavenworth, WA
Cite this page: Ipomoea bolusiana var. abbreviata Text available under a CC-BY-SA Creative Commons Attribution License. www.llifle.com 14 Nov. 2005. 12 Dec 2017. ,/Encyclopedia/SUCCULENTS/Family/Convolvulaceae/1013/Ipomoea_bolusiana_var._abbreviata ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Strangalepta abbreviata, Flower Longhorn Beetle image
摘要(Abstract): 研究鹿仙草总多糖(total polysaccharides from Balanophora henryi,TBP)对酒精性肝病(alcoholic liver disease, ALD)的作用,并探究其可能的作用机制。C57BL/6N小鼠随机分为4组,配对饮食对照组,酒精饮食模型组,模型+TBP干预组,TBP对照组。采用Gao-binge法制备慢性ALD小鼠模型,同时用400 mg·kg~(-1) ...
Russula sanguinea Russula sanguinaria verihapero blodkremla v rv r s galambgomba verev pilvik Bloody Brittlegill Holubinka krvav Blut-T ...
[Objective] The aim was to screen the optimum seedling substrate for Stromanthe sanguinea.[Method] With S.sanguinea as tested material,corn stalk,peat and garden soil as seedling substrates,the physical and chemical indexes of S.sanguinea seedlings on each kind of straw seedling substrates were studied.[Result] The bulk density and total porosity of seedling substrate prepared by corn stalk with different proportions and garden soil were decreased with the decomposition of corn stalk and growth of crop.The nitrogen,phosphor and potassium content in substrate showed downtrend basically.Among them,the descending speed of each element in treatment with corn stalk-garden soil ratio being 3 to 7 was faster and under the treatment,the seedlings adapted the growth environment gradually,and had strong growth vigor and better development in the substrate through observing the exterior growth vigor of S.sanguinea seedlings.[Conclusion] The substrate with corn stalk-garden soil ratio being 3 to 7 was better
Definition: A group of species that exploit the same food resources, and/or use the same feeding or foraging methods. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guild_(ecology ...
Mushroom Observer, Inc., has been recognized as a section 501(c)(3) public charity serving educational purposes. Your donations will help us maintain free online access to all the mycological observations already recorded, and to continue to improve the platform to make the collected information even more useful ...
Reid, David G. (2009). Littorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Coen, 1933. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=445945 on 2017-12- ...
Compact, clumping perennial with scalloped-edged, roundish, bright green leaves with lighter green marbling, 1-3 inches long. Summer borne, loose,
Features The smooth stems (which are yellow when new) bear bright green leaves from spring, which turn a golden-yellow before falling in autumn. From early…
Originating in South America, with a range from Colombia to Chile, B. sanguinea can grow up to 16 ft, developing a very woody trunk. The red flowers do not emit […]. ...
Dogwood in the organic orchard Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) is a small tree that can reach 4-6 meters high, belonging to the family of Cornaceae native to Europe and Asia. It is a deciduous.... ...
A new lignan, polystachyol ( 1), two lignan glycosides, lyoniside ( 2) and nudiposide ( 3), and a sterol, ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one ( 4), with stigmasterol, and oleic and linoleic acids,...
As linguas indíxenas de América ou linguas amerindias son todas aquelas linguas faladas en América antes da chegada de Cristovo Colón polos amerindios norteamericanos e amerindios suramericanos. Non corresponden a unha soa familia lingüística senón a unha agrupación xeográfica. Moitas extinguíronse ou foron substituídas polo español, o portugués, o francés e o inglés, as linguas dos colonizadores. Hoxe en día moitas linguas indíxenas deben loitar pola súa supervivencia e o seu recoñecemento, xa que están ligadas a culturas rurais, cunha forte diglosia e, moitas, sen o apoio da escritura. Constan de varias familias de linguas, así como diversas linguas illadas e non clasificadas. En varias ocasións propuxéronse grupos maiores de clasificación que hoxe en día non gardan consenso na comunidade científica. É sumamente dubidoso que se poida falar dunha soa familia chamada amerindia, do mesma xeito que non existe unha familia de linguas papuana nin unha familia caucásica, ...
There is a specimen of sanguinea en route to our house this week, and I was wondering how big their root systems can get and what size pot we should put it in. The claim is that its a 6 inch hanging basket- but six inches isnt even enough to hold the roots of our capensis! Do you guys think that ...
There is a specimen of sanguinea en route to our house this week, and I was wondering how big their root systems can get and what size pot we should put it in. The claim is that its a 6 inch hanging basket- but six inches isnt even enough to hold the roots of our capensis! Do you guys think that ...
Silva (1960: 19) notes Euglena (Euglenaceae, Euglenophyta). This genus was established by Ehrenberg (1830a, p. 508) to accommodate those euglenoid organisms that have eyespots. Five species were originally assigned to Euglena, namely, Cercaria viridis Mueller, C. pleuronectes Mueller, Vibrio acus Mueller, Euglena spirogyra Ehrenb. (nomen nudum), and E. sanguinea Ehrenb. (nomen nudum, non E. sanguinea (Nees et Goldf.) Ehrenb.). Dujardin (1841, pp. 349, 358) lectotypified Euglena with Cercaria viridis. - (17 Mar 2013) - M.D. Guiry. Description: Green flagellates with elongate, ovoid or fusiform cells, varying in length from 20 to 500 _m, and with 2 flagella originating within an anterior invagination of the cell. The highly mobile long flagellum emerges from the subapical canal opening as the organelle of locomotion, the other is so short that it ends within the reservoir (basal region of the invagination). The locomotory flagellum is doubled in thickness by a paraflagellar rod and bears a ...
How to Plant Tricolor Ginger Plants in Containers. Growing tricolor ginger plants (Stromanthe sanguinea Triostar), also called Triostar ginger, in containers will provide a splash of living color to your home interiorscape or outdoor deck, patio or porch. These tropical foliage plants produce ...
The Saxifragales are an order o flouerin plants.[1] Thair closest relatives are a lairge eudicot group kent as the rosids bi the defineetion o rosids gien in the APG II classification seestem.[2] Some authors define the rosids mair widely, includin Saxifragales as thair maist basal group.[3], Saxifragales is ane o the aicht groups that compone the core eudicots. The ithers are Gunnerales, Dilleniaceae, rosids, Santalales, Berberidopsidales, Caryophyllales, an asterids.[4] ...
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Description from Flora of China. Conyza cinerea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 862. 1753; Blumea chinensis (Linnaeus) Candolle (1836), not Walpers (1843), nor Hooker & Arnott (1837); B. esquirolii H. Léveillé & Vaniot; Cacalia cinerea (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Conyza chinensis Linnaeus; Cyanthillium cinereum (Linnaeus) H. Robinson; Seneciodes cinerea (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Serratula cinerea (Linnaeus) Roxburgh; Vernonia abbreviata Candolle; V. cinerea var. parviflora (Reinwardt) Candolle; V. exilis Miquel; V. parviflora Reinwardt ex Blume.. Herbs, annual or perennial, to 100 cm tall. Root vertical, ± woody, branched, with fibrous rootlets. Stems erect, usually branched above, or rarely from base, striate, gray adpressed puberulent with T-shaped hairs, glandular. Lower and middle leaves: petiole 10-20 mm, leaf blade rhombic-ovate, rhombic-oblong, or ovate, 3-6.5 × 1.5-3 cm, abaxially gray-white or yellowish puberulent, especially along veins, both surfaces glandular, adaxially green, sparsely puberulent, lateral ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Andrew G Ramstead, Igor A Schepetkin, Kimberly Todd, James Loeffelholz, James G Berardinelli, Mark T Quinn, Mark A Jutila].
The argument for D.C. statehood at its core is a about the fundamental right of American citizens to have equal representation in Congress but it is also just as important for us to gain the right to be the final arbiter of our own affairs. Congress meddles in District affairs so much that it is…
Forgiveness, in ACIM, means letting go of illusions. As we let go of our illusions, we remember our unity with God and with each other. As we are willing to practice seeing illusions for what they are - projections coming from our own minds - our minds becomes open enough to let these thoughts of separation be corrected by the Holy Spirit. Upon completion of all our forgiveness lessons, when we, with the help of the Holy Spirit or Jesus, awaken from the dream, we will find ourselves in this world of joy and peace-the real world. But we wont be there for very long, as the real world is just a stones throw away from heaven. ....The perception of the real world will be so short that you will barely have time to thank God for it. For God will take the last step swiftly, when you have reached the real world and have been made ready for Him. ACIM, Text, p.353. In other words, the real world is the gateway to heaven. But, in order to get there, we have to truly believe in and aspire to what is ...
The maximum ingestion rate of A. glandula (1.4 ng C predator−1 d−1) is intermediate among those of pfiesteriacean species (Tables 4 & 5); the maximum ingestion rate of A. glandula is lower than those of L. masanensis and P. piscicida, but greater than those of S. changwonensis and S. algicida. The prey species supporting the maximum ingestion rate of A. glandula is A. sanguinea, while that for L. masanensis and P. piscicida is perch blood cells. A. glandula may have difficulty in capturing, handling, ingesting, and digesting large and actively swimming A. sanguinea cells, while L. masanensis and P. piscicida may not have difficulty in capturing, handling, ingesting, and digesting motionless perch blood cells. Furthermore, the maximum growth rate of A. glandula (1.00 d−1) is also intermediate among those of pfiesteriacean species (Tables 4 & 5); the maximum growth rate of A. glandula is lower than that of L. masanensis, P. piscicida, and S. algicida, but greater than C. brodyi, P. ...
Tenacibaculum adriaticum B390 is isolated from the bryozoan Schizobrachiella sanguinea from the Adriatic Sea. The Adriatic Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea and is positioned between the eastern coastline of Italy, and countries of the Balkan Peninsula, from Slovenia, south through Croatia.(3) The Adriatic Sea is about 500 miles (800 km) long, northwest-southeast, and up to 140 miles (225 km) wide. It has an area of approximately 51,000 square miles (132,000 km 2 ), slightly less than that of Lakes Superior and Michigan combined. The Adriatic is one of the shallowest parts of the Mediterranean, with an average depth of about 800 feet (240 m). The deepest spot, 4,034 feet (1,230 m), is about midway between Bari, Italy, and the coast of Montenegro. (4) ...
In addition, Im generally skeptical when it comes to basal grades and roots inferred by very distinct outgroups. Except for the three species forming the root-parasitic grade (one in South America, two in Australasia), all loranths are aerial parasites. Loranths are a ubiquitous, highly competitive tropical-subtropical group extending into temperate climates with proper summers and little snow. They have a very extensive and relatively old pollen record across all pieces of Gondwana and Laurasia (Grímsson, Kapli et al. 2017, and references therein). The main lineages are sorted continent-wise, and the shift from root to aerial parasitism is supposed to have happened several times within the Santalales and its families. But only once in loranths? And how could only one root-parasitic lineage survive in South America, and two more in Australasia; all with but a single species ...
The process of drug discovery from natural products starts with the selection of study object. In this project recent knowledge and methods are incorporated to investigate the process of such selection for pharmacognostic investigations. As the model and object of study mistletoes and their content of the small cytotoxic peptides thionins are chosen.. The thionins are compared in silico to other proposed plant innate defense peptides. Utilizing analysis of amino acid sequences and secondary structures, the thionins are shown to be one of eight distinct groups of cystein-rich plant polypeptides analysed. Common features of thionins are exploited in an investigation of isolation methods, where a simple acidic extraction is equally efficient to isolate thionins as the laborious methods hitherto used. An effort to study the relationships of the order Santalales was done. To infer phylogenetic relationships from DNA sequences, we increased the taxon sampling for utilized genes and regions such as ...
This is a list of the fish species found in India and is based on FishBase. Albula vulpes (native) Roundjaw bonefish, bonefish Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis (native) Indian longfin eel, Indian mottled eel Anguilla bicolor bicolor (native) Shortfin eel, Indonesian shortfin eel Coloconger raniceps (native), Froghead eel Ariosoma Bathyuroconger vicinus (native) Large-toothed conger Conger cinereus (native) Longfin African conger Gorgasia maculata (native) Whitespotted garden eel Heteroconger hassi (native) Spotted garden eel Heteroconger obscurus (native) Promyllantor purpureus (native) Uroconger lepturus (native) Slender conger Xenomystax trucidans (native) Moringua abbreviata (native) Moringua arundinacea (native) Bengal spaghetti-eel Moringua bicolor (native) Moringua javanica (native) Java spaghetti eel Moringua microchir (native) Lesser thrush eel Moringua raitaborua (native) Purple spaghetti-eel Congresox talabon (native) Yellow pike conger Congresox talabonoides (native) Indian pike ...
The phenylpropanoids are a diverse family of organic compounds that are synthesized by plants from the amino acids phenylalanine and tyrosine. Their name is derived from the six-carbon, aromatic phenyl group and the three-carbon propene tail of cinnamic acid, which is synthesized from phenylalanine in the first step of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis. Phenylpropanoids are found throughout the plant kingdom, where they serve as essential components of a number of structural polymers, provide protection from ultraviolet light, defend against herbivores and pathogens, and mediate plant-pollinator interactions as floral pigments and scent compounds. Concentrations of phenylpropanoids within plants are also altered by changes in resource availability.. ...
ABSTRACT: Epibacterial communities on thalli of the algal species Fucus serratus, Fucus vesiculosus, Laminaria saccharina, Ulva compressa, Delesseria sanguinea and Phycodrys rubens were analysed using 16S ribosomal RNA gene-based DGGE. Individuals of all species were collected in the Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea) and in the rocky intertidal of Helgoland (North Sea). DGGE gels as well as cluster and multidimensional scaling analysis based on the DGGE band patterns of the epibacterial community showed significant differences between the epibacterial communities on the investigated algal species both in the Baltic and North Seas. Epibacterial communities differed less between regions than between host species, and were more similar on closely related host species. Results give the first evidence for lineage-specific bacterial associations to algal thalli. Furthermore, the results suggest that these algal species may control their epibiotic bacterial communities. ...
Section Hylarana, subsection Hylarana, Rana (Odorrana) andersonii group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 329. Related to Rana sanguinea according to the original publication. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 190-191, provided a brief account, map, and figure (as including Rana nasuta and Rana exiliversabilis, both subsequently described from Fujian and Hainan). Li, Ye, and Fei, 2001, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 26: 593-600, reported on morphometric and biochemical variation across geography and suggested that this nominal species is composed at least three species represented by their samples from: 1) Guanxi, Hunan, Guizhou, Jiangxi, and Anhui (Qimen); 2) Fujian, Zhejiang, and Anhui (Huangshan) and 3) Hainan I. These populations were subsequently named as Odorrana exiliversabilis and Odorrana nasuta by Fei, Ye, and Li, 2001, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 26: 601-607. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 78-79, provided an account for Zhejiang populations. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. ...
Family Santalaceae. Order Santalales. Large trees to shrubs. Buttresses absent. Spines present; on trunk. Stilt roots absent. Bark gray, brown; not peeling in strips. Slash brown. Vertical stripes in the inner bark or wood absent. Odor absent. Exudate absent. Terminal buds not enclosed by leaves. Complex hairs absent. Stinging hairs absent. Mature twig indumentum absent. Leaves spiral; not scale-like; simple; all of the same type; not modified into spines; coriaceous; not gland-dotted; very asymmetric at the base, or symmetric at the base; not dissected; smooth margined. Epidermis not waxy. Venation pinnate. Secondary veins open; prominent. Smallest veins not prominent, but visible. Intramarginal vein absent. Stalk of blade less than a quarter the length of the blade; not winged; attached to base of leaf blade; not swollen. Stipules absent. Domatia absent. Basal glands absent. Hairs on mature leaf absent. Inflorescences present; on the trunk or branches; on an unbranched axis; specialized ...
A Study was done with over 1000 people who ate strawberries daily and it was found they were three times less likely to develop cancer than those who ate none. This is because, strawberries contain ellagitannin, [...]. ...
Balanophoraceae) in eastern Himalaya (Sikkim, India): distribution, range, status and threats". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10 ... Balanophora is a genus of parasitic plants in the family Balanophoraceae found in parts of tropical and temperate Asia, ... "Balanophoraceae". Flora Malesiana. Retrieved 30 March 2017. "Balanophora". International Plant Names Index (IPNI). Royal ...
Balanophoraceae) root extract against Plasmodium berghei, Plasmodium chabaudi, inflammation and nociception in mice. Journal of ... Thonningia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Balanophoraceae containing the single species Thonningia ... Leistner, O. A. (2005). Balanophoraceae. Archived 2008-11-21 at the Wayback Machine Seed Plants of Southern Tropical Africa: ... Seidemann, Johannes (2005). "Thonningia Vahl - Balanophoraceae". World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy. Springer ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons. Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (not monophyletic if Balanophoraceae are embedded; including ...
... balanophoraceae. Walking along the 700 meters path, animal footprints like deer, bears, boars, or tigers claw marks on the ...
Balanophoraceae subclass 2. Nymphaeidae superorder 1. Nymphaeanae order 1. Nymphaeales family 1. Nymphaeaceae family 2. ...
3. Salicaceae to Balanophoraceae. - 128 pp. Helsinki. Jalas, J. & Suominen, J. (ed.) 1979: Atlas Florae Europaeae. 4. ...
J.Presl *Balanophoraceae Rich. Loranthaceae Juss. Misodendraceae J.Agardh Santalaceae R.Br. Olacaceae R.Br. Opiliaceae Valeton ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Peninsula Malaysia, Mexico ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Madagascar. Species: ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Western South America ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Ethiopia to Southern ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Southern Tropical ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
Family: Balanophoraceae, Genus Mystropetalon: Mystropetalon thomii Harv. endemic Genus Sarcophyte: Sarcophyte sanguinea Sparrm ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Caribbean, Western South ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Balanophoraceae, Monotypic Santalales genera). ...
It is likely that the initial host switch was to Balanophoraceae, but these parasitize a wide range of trees so little more can ... Balanophoraceae and Hydnoraceae are root parasitic rather primitive dicots but not closely related. Possibly, the Oxycorynini ... Alloxycorynus, Balanophorobius, Oxycorynus have been recorded from Balanophoraceae. Specific beetle-plant association are A. ...
... are a genus of flowering plants in the family Balanophoraceae, native to Central America, South America, ... Balanophoraceae)". Systematic Botany. 36 (2): 424-427. doi:10.1600/036364411X569606. S2CID 86579953. Thorogood, Chris (2020). " ...
Volume 7 part 4 (1976) - Revisions: Balanophoraceae, Leeaceae, Taccaceae. Volume 8 part 1 (1974) - Revision: Hypericaceae. ...
The vegetative body of the plant, and akin other members of the family Balanophoraceae, consist of an accretion of plant tissue ... Balanophoraceae, Flora of Peru, Plants described in 1856, Flora of Bolivia, Flora of Colombia, Flora of Costa Rica, Flora of ... BALANOPHORACEAE)". Acta Biológica Colombiana. 14 (3): 199-204. ISSN 0120-548X. Archived from the original on 18 April 2022. ... commonly known as Peruvian Viagra or huanarpo macho is a species of parasitic flowering plant in the family Balanophoraceae ...
... is a species of plant in the Balanophoraceae family. It is found in Cúc Phương National Park and Kon ...
Balanophoraceae) Juelia lilloana Sleumer (Fabaceae) Lupinus lilloanus C.P.Sm. (Fabaceae) Desmodium lilloanum (Schindl.) Burkart ...
Ferreira, S.M. (2005). "Individual-level management trade-offs for populations of Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae)". New ... Balanophoraceae, Endemic flora of New Zealand, Endangered flora of New Zealand, Vulnerable flora of Oceania, Plants described ... Balanophoraceae) from 454 pyrosequencing". American Journal of Botany. 99 (8): e323-e325. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200013. ISSN 0002- ... "Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae". Taxon. 64 (3): 491- ...
... , sometimes known as coral plant, is a flowering plant in the family Balanophoraceae and is known only ... Pelser, Pieter B.; Tandang, Danilo N.; Barcelona, Julie F. (4 June 2014). "Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new ...
Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new species from Mt. Mingan, Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 170: 291-295. Journé ...
Balanophora coralliformis (Balanophoraceae), a new species from Mt. Mingan, Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 170: 291-295. The ...
... austrocaledonica is a species of parasitic plant in the Balanophoraceae family. It is endemic to New Caledonia and ... 2015) Phylogenetic Relationships of Santalales with Insights into the Origins of Holoparasitic Balanophoraceae. Taxon 64 (3): ... Balanophoraceae, Monotypic Santalales genera, Taxa named by Henri Ernest Baillon). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Himalaya to Southern ... Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera, Taxa named by Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn). ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is South Africa. Species ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Taxonbars with multiple manual Wikidata items, Balanophoraceae, Santalales genera). ...
"Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae". Taxon. 64 (3): 491- ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Balanophoraceae. Its native range is Western Central ...
In 2005, Balanophoraceae was shown to be in the order Santalales, but its position within that order has not been determined. ... Balanophoraceae is a family of holoparasites with 44 species in 17 genera. For a long time, Cynomorium was usually included in ... This family and Balanophoraceae were placed incertae sedis into orders, that is, their positions within these orders remained ... Two researchers in Taiwan announced on the internet in 2009 that they have results supporting the placement of Balanophoraceae ...
Media related to Balanophoraceae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Balanophoraceae at Wikispecies Balanophoraceae at ... Balanophoraceae is not monophyletic. The authors of the study proposed dividing Balanophoraceae s.l. into Balanophoraceae s.s. ... The Balanophoraceae are a subtropical to tropical family of obligate parasitic flowering plants, notable for their unusual ... Thonningia Vahl "Balanophoraceae Rich.". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2021-07-20. ...
In this study, we examined endophytic fungi isolated from the holoparasitic plant Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae), ... Endophytic Fungi Associated with a Holoparasitic Plant, Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae) () Hideko Ikeda1, Tatsuya Fukuda ... Although Balanophoraceae is a major family of holoparasitic plants, there is little information about their endophytic fungi. ... Balanophoraceae (Santalales) is a large family of holoparasitic plants, comprising about 17 genera and 40 species distributed ...
Balanophoraceae Rich., nom. cons.. *Santalaceae R.Br., nom. cons. (não monofilética se Balanophoraceae for incluída; incluindo ...
... Shipping: sofort ... Englera - Volume 22 - Studies on the New Zealand root-parasite Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae). ...
Typifications and nomenclatural notes on Neotropical Balanophoraceae. LEANDRO JORGE TELLES CARDOSO, JOÃO MARCELO ALVARENGA ...
Furthermore, spikes of terzuz (Cynomorium coccineum L., Balanophoraceae) are fried in oil and fed to the calf. Both terzuz and ...
A plant genus of the family BALANOPHORACEAE. Members contain stigmastanes and ursanes (TRITERPENES) and lignan glucopyranosides ...
Familia Balanophoraceae Rich. pub. M�m. Mus. Hist. Nat. 8: 429. 18 Nov 1822. ...
Ochnaceae - Onagraceae, Trapaceae - Balanophoraceae, Raeuroslesiaceae - Podostemaceae, Tristichaceae. KANIS A., VU VAN CUONG, ... Ochnaceae - Onagraceae, Trapaceae - Balanophoraceae, Raeuroslesiaceae - Podostemaceae, Tristichaceae. Muséum national ...
Scybalium fungiforme (Balanophoraceae, Santalales). Free - Purchase Now Checkout Added to cart Cuscuta campestris. Free - ...
... behooves brave-minded anjouvin jeesuckawin scandale renunciandum aristotelians minangkabauers membranes balanophoraceae ...
Genome-scale transfer of mitochondrial DNA from legume hosts to the holopar-asite Lophophytum mirabile (Balanophoraceae). Mo- ...
The family Aizoaceae is widely recognised by taxonomists. It once went by the botanical name "Ficoidaceae", now disallowed. The APG II system of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system of 1998) also recognizes the family, and assigns it to the order Caryophyllales in the clade core eudicots. The APG II system also classes the former families Mesembryanthemaceae Fenzl, Sesuviaceae Horan. and Tetragoniaceae Link under the family Aizoaceae. The common Afrikaans name "vygie" meaning "small fig" refers to the fruiting capsule, which resembles the true fig.[3] Glistening epidermal bladder cells give the family its common name "ice plants".[4] Most species (96%, 1782 species in 132 genera) in this family are endemic to arid or semiarid parts of Southern Africa in the Succulent Karoo.[5] Much of the Aizoaceaes diversity is found in the Greater Cape Floristic Region, which is the most plant-diverse temperate region in the world.[6] A few species are found in Australia and the Central Pacific area.[7] Most ...
Balanophoraceae. Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) 399. Species which refer to this work. Note that the process of capturing references ...
Family: Balanophoraceae. Sarcophyte sanguinea subsp. sanguinea is a parasitic plant that occurs on the roots of trees and ...
Balanophoraceae *Balanophora *Corynaea *Helosis *Langsdorffia *Lathrophytum *Lophophytum *Ombrophytum *Rhopalocnemis * ...
Balanophoraceae. Balanophora fungosa. 1. Tracheophyta : Angiosperma (Magnoliids). (Avocado / Soursop / Camphor). Order. Family ...
Balanophoraceae According To. Cronquist, A. 1988: The evolution and classification of flowering plants. New York, The New York ... Balanophoraceae According To. Mabberley, D.J. 2008: Mabberleys plant book, a portable dictionary of plants, their ... Balanophoraceae According To. NZFLORA (2012-) New Zealand Plant Names - Name based concepts. Subordinate Taxon Concept. Full ...
Create a checklist by selecting either family and genus, distribution or a combination of the two. ...
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Diese Webseite verwendet Cookies, um die Bedienfreundlichkeit zu erhöhen. Weitere Informationenen finden auf unser Hauptseite www.i-flora.com/datenschutz.html OK ...
Family: Balanophoraceae. Balanophora fungosa. Family: Balsaminaceae. Impatiens acaulis. Impatiens appendiculata. Impatiens ...
ORDER BALANOPHORALES; 15.1 Balanophoraceae; 16. ORDER POLYGONALES; 16.1 Polygonaceae; 17. ORDER CENTROSPERMAE; 17.1 ...
Balanophoraceae. logrg. Lomatium graveolens (S. Wats.) Dorn & Hartman var. graveolens king desertparsley. Apiaceae. ...
Species- Seed plants (families) / A---L (families) / B / Balanophoraceae / Balanophora / Balanophora dioica ...
Balanophoraceae). This study represents the most exhaustive analysis of Fabaceae mitogenomes so far, and extends the ... Shared DNA between Fabaceae and holoparasitic Lophophytum (Balanophoraceae) mitogenomes. (a) The mitogenome of Lophophytum ... BLAST comparisons of the mitogenome of holoparasitic Lophophytum (Balanophoraceae) were performed with each of the 12 Fabaceae ... Figure S6. Schematic relationships of shared mitochondrial DNA between Fabaceae and holoparasitic Lophophytum (Balanophoraceae ...
cons.}} , [[蛇菰科]] Balanophoraceae {{Au,[[Rich.]],,nom. cons.}} , [[檀香科]] Santalaceae {{Au,[[R. Br.]],,nom. cons.}}(如果蛇菰科 ...
  • Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insights into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Balanophoraceae are a subtropical to tropical family of obligate parasitic flowering plants, notable for their unusual development and formerly obscure affinities. (wikipedia.org)
  • This nucellus may remain naked, and alone form the ovule, as in some orders of parasitic plants such as Balanophoraceae, Santalaceae , &c. (yourdictionary.com)
  • In this study, we examined endophytic fungi isolated from the holoparasitic plant Balanophora japonica (Balanophoraceae), collected from Kochi, Shikoku in western Japan. (scirp.org)
  • Although Balanophoraceae is a major family of holoparasitic plants, there is little information about their endophytic fungi. (scirp.org)
  • Shared DNA analysis among Fabaceae mitogenomes demonstrated a substantial decay of intergenic spacers and provided further insight into HGT between the mimosoid clade of Caesalpinioideae and the holoparasitic Lophophytum (Balanophoraceae). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Balanophora is the largest genus in the Balanophoraceae family (15 spp. (scirp.org)
  • A plant genus of the family BALANOPHORACEAE. (umassmed.edu)
  • In the classification system of Dahlgren, the Balanophoraceae were placed in the order Balanophorales in the superorder Balanophoriflorae (also called Balanophoranae). (wikipedia.org)
  • The authors of the study proposed dividing Balanophoraceae s.l. into Balanophoraceae s.s. and the family Mystropetalaceae, containing three monotypic genera, Dactylanthus, Hachettea and Mystropetalon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies on the New Zealand root-parasite Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae). (soyka-berlin.de)
  • Main page » BGBM Press » Englera » Englera - Volume 22 - Studies on the New Zealand root-parasite Dactylanthus taylorii (Balanophoraceae). (soyka-berlin.de)
  • Rafflesiales Hydnoraceae Rafflesiaceae Balanophorales Balanophoraceae Celastrales Ctenolophonaceae Ixonanthaceae Irvingiaceae Dichapetalaceae Celastraceae Goupiaceae Siphonodontaceae Rhamnales Vitaceae Leeaceae Rhamnaceae Erythropalaceae Aquifoliaceae Icacinaceae Caryophyllales Cactaceae Aizoaceae Portulacaceae Theligonaceae Didiereaceae Gyrostemonaceae Phytolaccaceae Barbeuiaceae Achatocarpaceae Petivieraceae Agdestidaceae Nyctaginaceae Stegnospermataceae Caryophyllaceae Mulluginaceae Illecebraceae Basellaceae Amaranthaceae Chenopodiaceae Primulales Primulaceae Plumbaginaceae Tamaricaceae Frankeniaceae Myrsinaceae Theophrastaceae Polygonales Polygonaceae Plantaginales Plantaginaceae Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae Aextoxicaceae Pandaceae Malvales Sterculiaceae Elaeocarpaceae Tiliaceae Malvaceae Bombacaceae Rosales Rosaceae Corynocarpaceae Crossosomataceae Neuradaceae Coriariaceae? (ashipunov.me)
  • Balanophora Elongata (Balanophoraceae) New to The Malay Peninsula. (mnj.my)
  • On the occurrence of parasitic plant Balanophora fungosa J. R. & G. Forster (Balanophoraceae) in Andhra Pradesh, India. (efloraofindia.com)
  • Balanophoraceae Langsdorffia hypogaea Mart. (andesamazon.org)
  • Inflorescências da holoparasita de raízes Langsdorffia hypogaea (Balanophoraceae) como recurso chave para uma fauna generalista na estação seca. (ufop.br)