Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans
Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus
Rabbit oral papillomavirus complete genome sequence and immunity following genital infection. (1/37)Rabbit oral papillomavirus (ROPV) infects mucosal tissues of domestic rabbits. The viral genomic sequence has been determined and the most related papillomavirus type was the cutaneous cottontail rabbit papillomavirus (CRPV). Homologies between the open reading frames (ORFs) of ROPV and CRPV, however, ranged from 68% amino acid identity for L1 to only 23% identity for E4. Shared features unique to the two rabbit viruses included a large E6 ORF and a small E8 ORF that overlapped the E6 ORF. Serological responses to ROPV L1 viruslike particles (VLPs) were detected in rabbits infected at either the genital or oral mucosa with ROPV. The antibody response was specific to intact ROPV L1 VLP antigen, was first detected at the time of late regression, and persisted at high levels for several months after complete regression. Both oral and genital lesions regressed spontaneously, accompanied by a heavy infiltrate of lymphocytes. ROPV infection of rabbit genital mucosa is a useful model to study host immunological responses to genital papillomavirus infections. (+info)
Syphilitic balanitis of Follmann developing after the appearance of the primary chancre. A case report. (2/37)A case of primary syphilitic chancre of the coronal sulcus with subsequent development of syphilitic balanitis of Follmann is described. The histopathological picture and preponderantly intraepidermal localization of T. pallidum in the lesions is discussed. (+info)
Circumcision: a refined technique and 5 year review. (3/37)The vast majority of circumcisions currently performed in the UK are for phimosis or balanitis and the patients are not looking for the denuded glans appearance of a ritual circumcision. We present a refinement of the sleeve technique of circumcision, which involves Horton's test to define the proximal incision margin, and bipolar electro-dissection. A review of all patients undergoing circumcision at the Wordsley Plastic Surgery Unit, in a 5-year period, has shown this technique to be safe with a haematoma rate of only 1.4%, and an overall complication rate of 3%. (+info)
Troubles with the foreskin: one hundred consecutive referrals to paediatric surgeons. (4/37)To assess the reasons for and outcomes of referrals concerning the foreskin, 100 consecutive patients seen in paediatric clinics were followed to discharge. 18 referrals were for circumcision on religious grounds. Of the other 82, the main reason for referral was non-retractability or phimosis. At clinic, 24 (29%) of these were deemed normal for age, 31 (38%) were treated with topical steroid (successfully in 25), 9 (11%) were listed for preputioplasty, 7 (9%) were listed for adhesiolysis, 7 (9%) were listed for circumcision, and 4 were listed for other forms of surgery. 6 patients were identified as having balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO), a condition that had not been suggested on referral. With the advent of new treatments for foreskin disorders, circumcision is decreasingly necessary. Knowledge of the natural history of the foreskin, and the use of topical steroids, could shift the management of paediatric foreskin problems from the hospital outpatient department to primary care. BXO is not sufficiently recognized as a form of phimosis that requires operation. (+info)
Pathologic and physiologic phimosis: approach to the phimotic foreskin. (5/37)OBJECTIVE: To review the differences between physiologic and pathologic phimosis, review proper foreskin care, and discuss when it is appropriate to seek consultation regarding a phimotic foreskin. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: This paper is based on selected findings from a MEDLINE search for literature on phimosis and circumcision referrals and on our experience at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Urology Clinic. MeSH headings used in our MEDLINE search included "phimosis," "referral and consultation," and "circumcision." Most of the available articles about phimosis and foreskin referrals were retrospective reviews and cohort studies (levels II and III evidence). MAIN MESSAGE: Phimosis is defined as the inability to retract the foreskin. Differentiating between physiologic and pathologic phimosis is important, as the former is managed conservatively and the latter requires surgical intervention. Great anxiety exists among patients and parents regarding non-retractile foreskins. Most phimosis referrals seen in pediatric urology clinics are normal physiologically phimotic foreskins. Referrals of patients with physiologic phimosis to urology clinics can create anxiety about the need for surgery among patients and parents, while unnecessarily expanding the waiting list for specialty assessment. Uncircumcised penises require no special care. With normal washing, using soap and water, and gentle retraction during urination and bathing, most foreskins will become retractile over time. CONCLUSION: Physiologic phimosis is often seen by family physicians. These patients and their parents require reassurance of normalcy and reinforcement of proper preputial hygiene. Consultation should be sought when evidence of pathologic phimosis is present, as this requires surgical management. (+info)
Frequency of bacteria, Candida and malassezia species in balanoposthitis. (6/37)(+info)
Biased genotype distributions of Candida albicans strains associated with vulvovaginal candidosis and candidal balanoposthitis in China. (7/37)(+info)
Foreskin inflammation is associated with HIV and herpes simplex virus type-2 infections in Rakai, Uganda. (8/37)(+info)
In simpler terms, Balanitis is a condition that causes inflammation in the skin of the penis, specifically around the foreskin and glans. It can be caused by poor hygiene or other medical conditions like diabetes. Symptoms include redness, swelling, pain, and difficulty pulling back the foreskin. Treatment involves good hygiene practices and sometimes medicine to help clear up the infection.
The symptoms of BXO can vary in severity and may include:
* Redness and swelling of the foreskin and glans
* Pain during sexual activity
* Difficulty retracting the foreskin
* Thickening and tightening of the foreskin
* Foul-smelling discharge
The exact cause of BXO is not known, but it is believed to be related to a combination of factors, including:
* Poor hygiene
* Irritation from certain chemicals or substances
* Poor fitting clothing or underwear
There are several treatments for BXO, including:
* Antibiotics to treat any underlying infections
* Topical corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and scarring
* Circumcision to remove the affected tissue
* Dermabrasion or laser therapy to remove scar tissue
It is important for men with BXO to practice good hygiene, avoid irritants, and seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time. With proper treatment, most men with BXO can experience significant improvement in their symptoms and quality of life.
Some common penile diseases include:
1. Erectile Dysfunction (ED): The inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance.
2. Premature Ejaculation (PE): Ejaculation that occurs before or shortly after penetration, with minimal sexual stimulation and before the person wishes it.
3. Penile Cancer: A type of cancer that affects the skin or tissue of the penis.
4. Phimosis: A condition in which the foreskin cannot be retracted over the head of the penis.
5. Paraphimosis: A condition in which the foreskin becomes trapped behind the head of the penis and cannot be returned to its normal position.
6. Balanitis: Inflammation of the glans (head) of the penis.
7. Posthetic Syndrome: Pain or discomfort after surgery on the penis.
8. Priapism: A persistent and usually painful erection that lasts for more than four hours and is not relieved by sexual activity or orgasm.
9. Urethritis: Inflammation of the urethra, which can be caused by bacterial or viral infections.
10. Proctitis: Inflammation of the rectum, which can be caused by bacterial or viral infections.
These diseases can be diagnosed through physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as blood tests or imaging studies. Treatment options vary depending on the underlying cause of the disease and can include antibiotics, medications, surgery, or lifestyle changes.
It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as some penile diseases can lead to complications such as scarring, loss of sensation, or erectile dysfunction if left untreated. It is also important to practice safe sex and take steps to prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to help prevent the development of penile diseases.
There are several causes of phimosis, including:
1. Congenital phimosis: This is when the foreskin is too tight or short to retract over the head of the penis, and it is present at birth.
2. Acquired phimosis: This can occur due to inflammation, infection, or injury to the foreskin.
3. Paraphimosis: This is when the foreskin becomes trapped behind the head of the penis and cannot be retracted.
4. Circumcision: This is a surgical procedure that removes the foreskin entirely, so it is not possible to have phimosis after circumcision.
Symptoms of phimosis can include:
1. Pain during urination or sexual activity
2. Difficulty retracting the foreskin over the head of the penis
3. Redness, swelling, or discharge in the area
4. Fever or chills
5. Difficulty starting to urinate or stopping urination
Treatment for phimosis depends on the severity of the condition and may include:
1. Topical creams or ointments to reduce inflammation and promote healing
2. Stretching exercises to help loosen the foreskin
3. Steroid injections to reduce swelling
4. Circumcision, if the condition is severe or does not respond to other treatments.
It is important to note that phimosis can be a symptom of other underlying conditions, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or urinary tract infections (UTIs), so it is important to see a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment.
The exact cause of lichen sclerosus et atrophicus is not known, but it is believed to be related to an immune-mediated response, allergies, and hormonal imbalances. It can also be associated with other medical conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, and thyroid disorders.
The symptoms of lichen sclerosus et atrophicus may include:
1. Thickened, leathery skin on the genitals and perianal areas
2. Itching or burning sensation in the affected areas
3. Pain or discomfort during sexual activity
4. Difficulty healing of wounds or cuts in the affected areas
5. Redness, inflammation, or scaliness of the skin
Treatment for lichen sclerosus et atrophicus typically involves topical corticosteroids, immunosuppressive medications, and phototherapy. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove affected skin tissue. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as this condition can lead to complications such as skin infections, scarring, and sexual dysfunction.
Some common types of protozoan infections include:
1. Malaria: Caused by the Plasmodium parasite, which is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito.
2. Giardiasis: Caused by the Giardia parasite, which can be found in contaminated food and water or spread through close contact with an infected person.
3. Amoebiasis: Caused by the Entamoeba parasite, which can infect the intestines and cause symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain.
4. Toxoplasmosis: Caused by the Toxoplasma parasite, which can be spread through contact with contaminated soil or cat feces.
5. Cryptosporidiosis: Caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite, which can be found in contaminated water and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea and stomach cramps.
Protozoan infections are typically treated with antiparasitic medications, and early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
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Balanitis Circumscripta Plasmacellularis: Background, Etiology, Epidemiology
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- Other related Medscape Drugs & Diseases articles include Bowen Disease , Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus , Erythroplasia of Queyrat (Bowen Disease of the Glans Penis) , Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans , and Balanitis in Emergency Medicine . (medscape.com)
- Inflammation of the under-surface of the foreskin is technically called 'posthitis' but the term is rarely used today and balanitis has come to mean inflammation of either glans penis or foreskin or both. (drelist.com)
- Candidal balanitis is a fungal infection of the glans penis caused by the yeast Candida Albicans. (icliniq.com)
- In 1952, JJ Zoon first recognized balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis as a chronic, idiopathic, rare, benign penile dermatosis associated with dysfunctional foreskin in uncircumcised males. (medscape.com)
- While the etiology remains unclear, it is believed that plasma cell balanitis is caused by dysfunctional foreskin, as it typically does not occur in circumcised men, with few exceptions. (medscape.com)
- Balanitis is swelling of the foreskin and head of the penis. (medlineplus.gov)
- Tell your provider if you have any signs of balanitis, including swelling of the foreskin or pain. (medlineplus.gov)
- Zoon's balanitis is a rare genital dermatosis of unknown etiology , usually presenting as a red- orange macule or plaque with a « cayenne pepper ¼ appearance on the glans and/or foreskin . (bvsalud.org)
- With most cases of balanitis, the foreskin is red, painful, swollen and often weeping. (drelist.com)
- Balanitis is more common in men who have foreskin. (healthline.com)
Plasma cell balanitis15
- [ 1 ] Balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis is also known as Zoon balanitis and plasma cell balanitis. (medscape.com)
- [ 2 ] It is important to distinguish balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis, a benign condition, from the neoplastic process erythroplasia of Queyrat , an additional differential diagnosis that often leads to the biopsy of plasma cell balanitis. (medscape.com)
- While plasma cell balanitis is considered a benign entity, a small number of case reports suggest that it may be a premalignant condition, but further study is required. (medscape.com)
- This suggests a nonspecific polyclonal stimulation of B cells as the basis of balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis (plasma cell balanitis), which might be caused by a persistent infection, although this theory has yet to be proven in the literature. (medscape.com)
- The etiology of balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis (plasma cell balanitis) is unknown. (medscape.com)
- No evidence suggests human papillomavirus infection in plasma cell balanitis. (medscape.com)
- [ 5 ] A 2019 case-control study showed an association with smoking and poor hygiene in patients with plasma cell balanitis. (medscape.com)
- [ 6 ] Numerous authors also attribute poor hygiene to the development of plasma cell balanitis. (medscape.com)
- Balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis (plasma cell balanitis) is an uncommon entity, but it is likely underreported owing to the lack of symptoms and hesitancy to perform a biopsy on the involved region. (medscape.com)
- They noted that every patient with plasma cell balanitis, bowenoid papulosis, and nonspecific balanoposthitis had not been circumcised. (medscape.com)
- A case of plasma cell balanitis has been noted in Cotonous (Benin) in an HIV-positive man who was circumcised. (medscape.com)
- Balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis (plasma cell balanitis) affects males. (medscape.com)
- Analogous lesions sharing both clinical and histologic features of balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis (plasma cell balanitis) have been reported in women as vulvitis circumscripta plasmacellularis. (medscape.com)
- Balanitis circumscripta plasmacellularis (plasma cell balanitis) is most common in men of middle age or older, with cases reported in patients aged 20-88 years. (medscape.com)
- In a 2018 report, three infants were diagnosed with clinical and dermoscopic findings consistent with plasma cell balanitis and responded to treatment consistent with the diagnosis. (medscape.com)
Head of th2
- Terrasil® Balanitis Relief - 100% Guaranteed, Patented All-natural, gentle, soothing skin relief ointment for relief from irritation, itch, redness and inflammation, Balanitis symptoms (50 gram tube). (ineedthebestoffer.com)
- Pathologic phimosis is the adult form of the disease as a result of local scarring, infection or inflammation due to poor hygiene, recurrent balanitis and/or posthitis, diabetes mellitus and balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO). (medscape.com)
- 7. Genital lichen sclerosus/balanitis xerotica obliterans in men with penile carcinoma: a critical analysis. (nih.gov)
- Background The diagnosis of candida balanitis should be based upon both clinical and mycological data. (bmj.com)
- The procedure of material collection is a critical issue to confirm or rule out the clinical diagnosis of candida balanitis. (bmj.com)
- Objective To compare direct impression of the glans on the agar surface of solid culture media with the collection of genital exudates with cotton swab for the diagnosis of candida balanitis. (bmj.com)
- The risk of having candida balanitis is 8.9 (IC 95% 2.48 to 32.04) whenever the number of candida colonies recovered by direct impression was greater than 10. (bmj.com)
- More than 10 colonies yielded by impression culture were statistically associated with candida balanitis. (bmj.com)
- While balanitis can be caused by almost any irritant, chemical or bacterial, the most common source of balanitis is a yeast called candida albicans. (drelist.com)
- Diabetics are particularly prone to candida infections and frequently the first symptom or presentation of diabetes is a case of balanitis. (drelist.com)
- As per the history provided, it may be candida balanitis. (icliniq.com)
- Hello doctor, I had an adult circumcision due to persistent candida balanitis two months ago, and I have been experiencing continuous pain on the scar line for five weeks after the surgery. (icliniq.com)
- What is Balanitis / Balanoposthitis? (willyworries.com)
- What causes Balanitis / Balanoposthitis? (willyworries.com)
- How long does Balanitis / Balanoposthitis take to show after contact? (willyworries.com)
- What are the symptoms of Balanitis / Balanoposthitis? (willyworries.com)
- How is Balanitis / Balanoposthitis diagnosed? (willyworries.com)
- What is the treatment for Balanitis / Balanoposthitis? (willyworries.com)
- What complications can arise from having Balanitis / Balanoposthitis? (willyworries.com)
- How can I avoid developing Balanitis / Balanoposthitis? (willyworries.com)
- Balanitis happens when the skin on the tip of your penis becomes irritated and inflamed. (healthline.com)
- La balanite de Zoon est une dermatose génitale peu fréquente d' étiologie inconnue, se présentant habituellement par une macule ou une plaque de couleur rouge- orange avec un aspect en « poivre de cayenne ¼, sur le gland et/ou le prépuce . (bvsalud.org)
- Urinary tract infections (4.8 vs 3.7 %), vulvovaginitis/balanitis and related infections (5.1 vs 0.9 %), and non-serious volume-related events (0.8 vs 0.4 %) occurred more often with dapagliflozin than placebo. (nih.gov)
- Although it is a benign pathology , Zoon's balanitis may be superimposed on another inflammatory or neoplastic dermatosis . (bvsalud.org)
- This method shows the ideal profile for sampling the male genital area for yeasts and should be included in the management of balanitis. (bmj.com)
- Balanitis is most often caused by poor hygiene in uncircumcised men. (medlineplus.gov)
- Because Balanitis is a clinical diagnosis and covers a range of different conditions, recommendations for management are given individually. (willyworries.com)
- Depending on the investigation(s) required, Balanitis is diagnosed from specimens taken by wiping a special cotton wool bud (swab) through the discharge or urine analysis which will be sent to the laboratory. (willyworries.com)
- Terrasil Balanitis Relief is useful for side effects related with Balanitis like tingling, consuming, redness, aggravation, and irritation. (ineedthebestoffer.com)
- That is the reason Terrasil Balanitis Relief utilizes just delicate, regular fixings known to bring alleviation from disturbance, redness, aggravation and tingling. (ineedthebestoffer.com)
- Balanitis is a common issue in young males. (icliniq.com)
- Treatment depends on the cause of the balanitis. (medlineplus.gov)
- Treatment For balanitis. (healthvery.com)
- There are several treatment options for balanitis . (healthvery.com)
- Treatment for balanitis usually involves taking prescription medication and using antifungal creams. (healthvery.com)
- Antibiotics and steroid creams are two common types of antifungal treatment for balanitis. (healthvery.com)
- If you suffer from frequent urination, you may be at risk for developing balanitis . (healthvery.com)
- Please verify that the URL https://blog.sentosaklinik.com/tag/balanitis/ works first in your browser and that the feed passes a validator test . (feed2js.org)
- Terrasil Balanitis is the main Balanitis cure of its thoughtful that highlights protected Activated Minerals®, an exclusive mix including Volcanic Clay, Magnesium Oxide, Silver Oxide, and Zinc Oxide. (ineedthebestoffer.com)
- How Does Balanitis Present? (drelist.com)
- Results Among 478 men enrolled, 189 had balanitis. (bmj.com)
- Many factors contribute to balanitis. (drelist.com)
- Managing Balanitis can be extreme, and unforgiving synthetic compounds, cleansers or cleansers can just aggravate the issue. (ineedthebestoffer.com)