Balanitis: Inflammation of the head of the PENIS, glans penis.Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans: An atrophic and sclerotic condition of the head of the PENIS, glans penis. Sometimes it leads to stenosis and occasionally obliteration of the external meatal orifice.Penile Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PENIS or its component tissues.Phimosis: A condition in which the FORESKIN cannot be retracted to reveal the GLANS PENIS. It is due to tightness or narrowing of the foreskin opening.Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus: A chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease usually affecting the female genitalia (VULVAR LICHEN SCLEROSUS) and BALANITIS XEROTICA OBLITERANS in males. It is also called white spot disease and Csillag's disease.Circumcision, Male: Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.Penis: The external reproductive organ of males. It is composed of a mass of erectile tissue enclosed in three cylindrical fibrous compartments. Two of the three compartments, the corpus cavernosa, are placed side-by-side along the upper part of the organ. The third compartment below, the corpus spongiosum, houses the urethra.Protozoan Infections: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Foreskin: The double-layered skin fold that covers the GLANS PENIS, the head of the penis.Superstitions: A belief or practice which lacks adequate basis for proof; an embodiment of fear of the unknown, magic, and ignorance.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Transglutaminases: Transglutaminases catalyze cross-linking of proteins at a GLUTAMINE in one chain with LYSINE in another chain. They include keratinocyte transglutaminase (TGM1 or TGK), tissue transglutaminase (TGM2 or TGC), plasma transglutaminase involved with coagulation (FACTOR XIII and FACTOR XIIIa), hair follicle transglutaminase, and prostate transglutaminase. Although structures differ, they share an active site (YGQCW) and strict CALCIUM dependence.Bronchiolitis Obliterans: Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES leading to an obstructive lung disease. Bronchioles are characterized by fibrous granulation tissue with bronchial exudates in the lumens. Clinical features include a nonproductive cough and DYSPNEA.Vulvitis: Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.Foot Diseases: Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.Clotrimazole: An imidazole derivative with a broad spectrum of antimycotic activity. It inhibits biosynthesis of the sterol ergostol, an important component of fungal CELL MEMBRANES. Its action leads to increased membrane permeability and apparent disruption of enzyme systems bound to the membrane.Nystatin: Macrolide antifungal antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces noursei, S. aureus, and other Streptomyces species. The biologically active components of the complex are nystatin A1, A2, and A3.

Rabbit oral papillomavirus complete genome sequence and immunity following genital infection. (1/37)

Rabbit oral papillomavirus (ROPV) infects mucosal tissues of domestic rabbits. The viral genomic sequence has been determined and the most related papillomavirus type was the cutaneous cottontail rabbit papillomavirus (CRPV). Homologies between the open reading frames (ORFs) of ROPV and CRPV, however, ranged from 68% amino acid identity for L1 to only 23% identity for E4. Shared features unique to the two rabbit viruses included a large E6 ORF and a small E8 ORF that overlapped the E6 ORF. Serological responses to ROPV L1 viruslike particles (VLPs) were detected in rabbits infected at either the genital or oral mucosa with ROPV. The antibody response was specific to intact ROPV L1 VLP antigen, was first detected at the time of late regression, and persisted at high levels for several months after complete regression. Both oral and genital lesions regressed spontaneously, accompanied by a heavy infiltrate of lymphocytes. ROPV infection of rabbit genital mucosa is a useful model to study host immunological responses to genital papillomavirus infections.  (+info)

Syphilitic balanitis of Follmann developing after the appearance of the primary chancre. A case report. (2/37)

A case of primary syphilitic chancre of the coronal sulcus with subsequent development of syphilitic balanitis of Follmann is described. The histopathological picture and preponderantly intraepidermal localization of T. pallidum in the lesions is discussed.  (+info)

Circumcision: a refined technique and 5 year review. (3/37)

The vast majority of circumcisions currently performed in the UK are for phimosis or balanitis and the patients are not looking for the denuded glans appearance of a ritual circumcision. We present a refinement of the sleeve technique of circumcision, which involves Horton's test to define the proximal incision margin, and bipolar electro-dissection. A review of all patients undergoing circumcision at the Wordsley Plastic Surgery Unit, in a 5-year period, has shown this technique to be safe with a haematoma rate of only 1.4%, and an overall complication rate of 3%.  (+info)

Troubles with the foreskin: one hundred consecutive referrals to paediatric surgeons. (4/37)

To assess the reasons for and outcomes of referrals concerning the foreskin, 100 consecutive patients seen in paediatric clinics were followed to discharge. 18 referrals were for circumcision on religious grounds. Of the other 82, the main reason for referral was non-retractability or phimosis. At clinic, 24 (29%) of these were deemed normal for age, 31 (38%) were treated with topical steroid (successfully in 25), 9 (11%) were listed for preputioplasty, 7 (9%) were listed for adhesiolysis, 7 (9%) were listed for circumcision, and 4 were listed for other forms of surgery. 6 patients were identified as having balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO), a condition that had not been suggested on referral. With the advent of new treatments for foreskin disorders, circumcision is decreasingly necessary. Knowledge of the natural history of the foreskin, and the use of topical steroids, could shift the management of paediatric foreskin problems from the hospital outpatient department to primary care. BXO is not sufficiently recognized as a form of phimosis that requires operation.  (+info)

Pathologic and physiologic phimosis: approach to the phimotic foreskin. (5/37)

OBJECTIVE: To review the differences between physiologic and pathologic phimosis, review proper foreskin care, and discuss when it is appropriate to seek consultation regarding a phimotic foreskin. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: This paper is based on selected findings from a MEDLINE search for literature on phimosis and circumcision referrals and on our experience at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Urology Clinic. MeSH headings used in our MEDLINE search included "phimosis," "referral and consultation," and "circumcision." Most of the available articles about phimosis and foreskin referrals were retrospective reviews and cohort studies (levels II and III evidence). MAIN MESSAGE: Phimosis is defined as the inability to retract the foreskin. Differentiating between physiologic and pathologic phimosis is important, as the former is managed conservatively and the latter requires surgical intervention. Great anxiety exists among patients and parents regarding non-retractile foreskins. Most phimosis referrals seen in pediatric urology clinics are normal physiologically phimotic foreskins. Referrals of patients with physiologic phimosis to urology clinics can create anxiety about the need for surgery among patients and parents, while unnecessarily expanding the waiting list for specialty assessment. Uncircumcised penises require no special care. With normal washing, using soap and water, and gentle retraction during urination and bathing, most foreskins will become retractile over time. CONCLUSION: Physiologic phimosis is often seen by family physicians. These patients and their parents require reassurance of normalcy and reinforcement of proper preputial hygiene. Consultation should be sought when evidence of pathologic phimosis is present, as this requires surgical management.  (+info)

Frequency of bacteria, Candida and malassezia species in balanoposthitis. (6/37)


Biased genotype distributions of Candida albicans strains associated with vulvovaginal candidosis and candidal balanoposthitis in China. (7/37)


Foreskin inflammation is associated with HIV and herpes simplex virus type-2 infections in Rakai, Uganda. (8/37)


  • Probiotics are friendly bacteria which help suppress the growth of harmful bacteria, this is just one of the many things that can help take care of a case of balanitis that is caused by a yeast infection. (
  • Finally, when conducting physical self-examination, if you palpate supra-pubic area and you feel soreness when touching there (this is where the bladder resides), it might indicate a complicated case of balanitis paired with urinary retention. (
  • Common side effects (occurring in one in ten Balanitis Google Directory health concern skin digestion and headache.Candidal vaginitis or balanitis: 150 mg single oral dose.TODAY OFFER: Only 0.29 per pill. (
  • Abstract: Incidence of candidal balanitis in men is increasing, and the heavy antecedent is related to sexual contact. (
  • Patients who suffer from balanitis are typically encouraged to keep the area as clean as possible. (
  • It is not limited to this age group, any men can suffer from balanitis. (
  • Uncircumcised men are more prone to balanitis although circumcised people may also suffer from balanitis. (
  • Steroid creams may help balanitis that occurs with skin diseases. (
  • Most balanitis products are general purpose anti-inflammatory creams that are formulated to treat everything from eczema to insect bites. (
  • While the ingredients in these creams can be beneficial for other skin conditions, they can be very irritating to the glans and are counterproductive for finding balanitis relief. (
  • Steroid creams or anti-fungal creams can get rid of balanitis depending on the type of condition. (
  • Steroid creams can relieve balanitis caused by skin disease. (
  • Balanitis on boys still in diapers must be distinguished from redness caused by ammoniacal dermatitis. (
  • Diabetes can make balanitis more likely, especially if the blood sugar is poorly controlled. (
  • If you have Diabetes, Balanitis can be a sign that you aren't controlling your blood sugar levels properly. (
  • Men with diabetes are more likely to get balanitis. (
  • So if we have balanitis which never occurred before or if we have recurring balanitis it is strongly recommended to do a quick glucose check to rule out diabetes. (
  • Circinate balanitis: Co-existent with other disease like reactive arthritis (also known as reiter's disease manifested as inflammatory changes of joints, urethra and eyes), some skin diseases like eczema, psoriasis (dry scaly skin disorder), lichen planus (itchy, purple plaques over arms, legs oral mucosa). (
  • In addition to the above causative factors, certain conditions on the skin may also cause balanitis or other diseases that look like balanitis, such as psoriasis or skin cancer. (
  • In addition to this, some skin diseases such as eczema or psoriasis can also arise in the intimate region causing balanitis. (
  • Medication is often an effective cure for balanitis, along with some anti-fungal remedies. (
  • The use of reflectance confocal microscopy in differentiating between balanitis and carcinoma in situ has been evaluated. (
  • Balanitis shows a nucleated honeycomb pattern and vermicular vessels scattered small bright sells and round vessels, whereas carcinoma in situ shows an atypical honeycomb pattern, disarranged epidermal pattern, and round nucleated cells. (
  • 5-fluorouracil-induced balanitis in a patient with oesophageal carcinoma. (
  • Circinate balantitis (also known as balanitis circinata) is a serpiginous annular dermatitis associated with reactive arthritis. (
  • Treatment of the condition known as balanitis is dependent on the cause. (
  • Those affected are at greater risk of inflammation of the glans, known as balanitis , and other complications. (
  • Recognizing the signs of balanitis and seeking treatment right away will reduce your risk of 3 Facts and Statistics. (
  • Most of those suffering from balanitis might have a rash that will have small erythematous lesions which can ulcerate or scale causing pain, pruritis, and tenderness as well. (
  • In case balanitis has occurred due to an allergic reaction or due to contact with an irritant, your doctor may recommend a mild steroid cream to reduce the swelling. (
  • The treatment of balanitis will depend on the underlying cause - antibiotics will clear infection caused by germs, while steroid cream is useful for balanitis caused by allergies. (
  • Avoid sex while treating Balanitis, or you can pass the infection to your partner, generally in the form of a yeast infection. (
  • Other treatment methods recommended for a yeast infection include: Balanitis is a common condition affecting both boys and men, although it happens more often in men who have not been circumcised. (
  • Itchy Bumps During Yeast Infection Balanitis in women who are pregnant BV increases the risk of premature labor and. (
  • Medical Description Of Oral Candidiasis Balanitis Picture yeast Infection - How Many Types of Yeast Infection Are There? (
  • Various STIs can cause a urethritis and a balanitis - for example, genital herpes , chlamydia , and gonorrhoea . (