Badnavirus: A genus of DNA plant viruses with bacilliform morphology. Transmission in clonally-propagated plants is by vegetative propagation of infected plant materials. Transmission in nature is by mealybugs, seeds, and pollen. The type species is Commelina yellow mottle virus.Zingiberales: This plant order includes 8 families, 66 genera, and about 1,800 species. These herbaceous perennials are mainly found in the wet tropics. Members include the banana family (MUSACEAE) and GINGER family (ZINGIBERACEAE).Musa: A plant genus of the family Musaceae, order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.Caulimoviridae: A family of DNA plant viruses with isometric or bacilliform virions and no envelope. The host ranges of most species are narrow. There are six genera: CAULIMOVIRUS; BADNAVIRUS; Cavemovirus; Soymovirus; Petuvirus; and TUNGROVIRUS.Phenalenes: A group of AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS that have three rings joined as a triad around a single carbon atom so all three are conjoined, in contrast to a linear arrangement (ANTHRACENES) or angular arrangement (PHENANTHRENES).Foot Rot: A disease of the horny parts and of the adjacent soft structures of the feet of cattle, swine, and sheep. It is usually caused by Corynebacterium pyogenes or Bacteroides nodosus (see DICHELOBACTER NODOSUS). It is also known as interdigital necrobacillosis. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 18th ed)Maize streak virus: The type species of genus Mastrevirus, family GEMINIVIRIDAE.IndiaEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.GermanyRed Cross: International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksVanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Chromosome Inversion: An aberration in which a chromosomal segment is deleted and reinserted in the same place but turned 180 degrees from its original orientation, so that the gene sequence for the segment is reversed with respect to that of the rest of the chromosome.EuropeBiodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.Drosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Sinorhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonsporeforming rods which usually contain granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Nepovirus: A genus of polyhedral plant viruses of the family COMOVIRIDAE causing ringspots and spotting on leaves or sometimes symptomless infection. Transmission occurs by seeds, soil nematodes, or experimentally by mechanical inoculation. Tobacco ringspot virus is the type species.Tobacco Mosaic Virus: The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.RNA, Satellite: Small, linear single-stranded RNA molecules functionally acting as molecular parasites of certain RNA plant viruses. Satellite RNAs exhibit four characteristic traits: (1) they require helper viruses to replicate; (2) they are unnecessary for the replication of helper viruses; (3) they are encapsidated in the coat protein of the helper virus; (4) they have no extensive sequence homology to the helper virus. Thus they differ from SATELLITE VIRUSES which encode their own coat protein, and from the genomic RNA; (=RNA, VIRAL); of satellite viruses. (From Maramorosch, Viroids and Satellites, 1991, p143)Flexiviridae: A family of RNA plant viruses that infect a wide range of herbaceous and woody plant species. There are at least eight genera including POTEXVIRUS and CARLAVIRUS, both of which are highly immunogenic.Manihot: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Tungrovirus: A genus of DNA plant viruses of the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE. The sole species, Rice tungro bacilliform virus, shows 25% identity with BADNAVIRUS. It is transmitted by leafhoppers with the assistance of RICE TUNGRO SPHERICAL VIRUS.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Caulimovirus: A genus of PLANT VIRUSES, in the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE, that are transmitted by APHIDS in a semipersistent manner. Aphid-borne transmission of some caulimoviruses requires certain virus-coded proteins termed transmission factors.Open Reading Frames: A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Nyctaginaceae: A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida.Commelina: A plant genus of the family COMMELINACEAE of perennial herbs with blue flowers.Cestrum: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal saponins and cause CALCINOSIS in grazing livestock due to high levels of 1 ALPHA,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3.Acidianus: A genus of facultatively anaerobic coccoid ARCHAEA, in the family SULFOLOBACEAE. Cells are highly irregular in shape and thermoacidophilic. Lithotrophic growth occurs aerobically via sulfur oxidation in some species. Distribution includes solfataric springs and fields, mudholes, and geothermically heated acidic marine environments.Lipothrixviridae: Family of enveloped, lipid-containing, filamentous DNA viruses that infect ARCHAEA.Malvaceae: The mallow family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Members include GOSSYPIUM, okra (ABELMOSCHUS), HIBISCUS, and CACAO. The common names of hollyhock and mallow are used for several genera of Malvaceae.Mimiviridae: A family of nucleocytoplasmic, large, double-stranded DNA viruses with extremely complex genomes.Begomovirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family GEMINIVIRIDAE that are transmitted in nature by whitefly Bemisia tabaci.Acanthamoeba: A genus of free-living soil amoebae that produces no flagellate stage. Its organisms are pathogens for several infections in humans and have been found in the eye, bone, brain, and respiratory tract.Acholeplasma: A genus of gram-negative organisms including saprophytic and parasitic or pathogenic species.

Integration of banana streak badnavirus into the Musa genome: molecular and cytogenetic evidence. (1/33)

Breeding and tissue culture of certain cultivars of bananas (Musa) have led to high levels of banana streak badnavirus (BSV) infection in progeny from symptomless parents. BSV DNA hybridized to genomic DNA of one such parent, Obino l'Ewai, suggesting integration of viral sequences. Sequencing of clones of Obino l'Ewai genomic DNA revealed an interface between BSV and Musa sequences and a complex BSV integrant. In situ hybridization revealed two different BSV sequence locations in Obino l'Ewai chromosomes and a complex arrangement of BSV and Musa sequences was shown by probing stretched DNA fibers. This is the first report of integrated sequences that possibly lead to a plant pararetrovirus episomal infection by a mechanism differing markedly from animal retroviral systems.  (+info)

Evidence that badnavirus infection in Musa can originate from integrated pararetroviral sequences. (2/33)

When some virus- and disease-free Musa spp. (banana and plantain) are propagated by tissue culture, the resulting plants develop infections with banana streak badnavirus (BSV), a pararetrovirus. In sharp contrast to the virion DNA recovered from natural infections, the virion DNA from tissue culture-associated infections of different Musa spp. was highly similar if not identical. Although BSV does not employ integration during the infection cycle, BSV DNA was found to be integrated into the Musa genome. While one integration consisted of a partial BSV genome, a second contained more than one complete genome that was almost identical to BSV recovered from tissue culture-derived plants. The arrangement of this integrated BSV DNA suggests that it can yield an infectious episomal genome via homologous recombination. This report documents the first instance of integrated DNA of a nonintegrating virus giving rise to an episomal viral infection and identifies tissue culture as a possible trigger for the infection, raising the question of whether similar activatable viral sequences exist in the genomes of other plants and animals.  (+info)

A short open reading frame terminating in front of a stable hairpin is the conserved feature in pregenomic RNA leaders of plant pararetroviruses. (3/33)

In plant pararetroviruses, pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) directs synthesis of circular double-stranded viral DNA and serves as a polycistronic mRNA. By computer-aided analysis, the 14 plant pararetroviruses sequenced so far were compared with respect to structural organization of their pgRNA 5'-leader. The results revealed that the pgRNA of all these viruses carries a long leader sequence containing several short ORFs and having the potential to form a large stem-loop structure; both features are known to be inhibitory for downstream translation. Formation of the structure brings the first long ORF into the close spatial vicinity of a 5'-proximal short ORF that terminates 5 to 10 nt upstream of the stable structural element. The first long ORF on the pgRNA is translated by a ribosome shunt mechanism discovered in cauliflower mosaic (CaMV) and rice tungro bacilliform viruses, representing the two major groups of plant pararetroviruses. Both the short ORF and the structure have been implicated in the shunt process for CaMV pgRNA translation. The conservation of these elements among all plant pararetroviruses suggests conservation of the ribosome shunt mechanism. For some of the less well-studied viruses, the localization of the conserved elements also allowed predictions of the pgRNA promoter region and the translation start site of the first long ORF.  (+info)

Sequence changes in six variants of rice tungro bacilliform virus and their phylogenetic relationships. (4/33)

The DNA of three biological variants, G1, Ic and G2, which originated from the same greenhouse isolate of rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), was cloned and sequenced. Comparison of the sequences revealed small differences in genome sizes. The variants were between 95 and 99% identical at the nucleotide and amino acid levels. Alignment of the three genome sequences with those of three published RTBV sequences (Phi-1, Phi-2 and Phi-3) revealed numerous nucleotide substitutions and some insertions and deletions. The published RTBV sequences originated from the same greenhouse isolate at IRRI 20, 11 and 9 years ago. All open reading frames (ORFs) and known functional domains were conserved across the six variants. The cysteine-rich region of ORF3 showed the greatest variation. When the six DNA sequences from IRRI were compared with that of an isolate from Malaysia (Serdang), similar changes were observed in the cysteine-rich region in addition to other nucleotide substitutions and deletions across the genome. The aligned nucleotide sequences of the IRRI variants and Serdang were used to analyse phylogenetic relationships by the bootstrapped parsimony, distance and maximum-likelihood methods. The isolates clustered in three groups: Serdang alone; Ic and G1; and Phi-1, Phi-2, Phi-3 and G2. The distribution of phylogenetically informative residues in the IRRI sequences shared with the Serdang sequence and the differing tree topologies for segments of the genome suggested that recombination, as well as substitutions and insertions or deletions, has played a role in the evolution of RTBV variants. The significance and implications of these evolutionary forces are discussed in comparison with badnaviruses and caulimoviruses.  (+info)

The rice tungro bacilliform virus gene II product interacts with the coat protein domain of the viral gene III polyprotein. (5/33)

Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) is a plant pararetrovirus whose DNA genome contains four genes encoding three proteins and a large polyprotein. The function of most of the viral proteins is still unknown. To investigate the role of the gene II product (P2), we searched for interactions between this protein and other RTBV proteins. P2 was shown to interact with the coat protein (CP) domain of the viral gene III polyprotein (P3) both in the yeast two-hybrid system and in vitro. Domains involved in the P2-CP association have been identified and mapped on both proteins. To determine the importance of this interaction for viral multiplication, the infectivity of RTBV gene II mutants was investigated by agroinoculation of rice plants. The results showed that virus viability correlates with the ability of P2 to interact with the CP domain of P3. This study suggests that P2 could participate in RTBV capsid assembly.  (+info)

Transcriptional activation of the rice tungro bacilliform virus gene is critically dependent on an activator element located immediately upstream of the TATA box. (6/33)

To investigate the transcriptional mechanisms of rice tungro bacilliform virus, we have systematically analyzed an activator element located immediately upstream of the TATA box in the rice tungro bacilliform virus promoter and its cognate trans-acting factors. Using electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we showed that rice nuclear proteins bind to the activator element, forming multiple specific DNA-protein complexes via protein-protein interactions. Copper-phenanthroline footprinting and DNA methylation interference analysis indicated that multiple DNA-protein complexes share a common binding site located between positions -60 to -39, and the proteins contact the activator element in the major groove. DNA UV cross-linking assays further showed that two nuclear proteins (36 and 33 kDa), found in rice cell suspension and shoot nuclear extracts, and one (27 kDa), present in root nuclear extracts, bind to this activator element. In protoplasts derived from a rice (Oryza sativa) suspension culture, the activator element is a prerequisite for promoter activity and its function is critically dependent on its position relative to the TATA box. Thus, transcriptional activation may function via interactions with the basal transcriptional machinery, and we propose that this activation is mediated by protein-protein interactions in a position-dependent mechanism.  (+info)

The complexities of genome analysis, the Retroid agent perspective. (7/33)

MOTIVATION: The sequences of Retroid agents from a wide diversity of organisms constitute the largest set of complete genomes currently available for the study of genomic architecture and the transfer of information within and between organisms. These agents are ubiquitous in Eukaryotes, comprising 50-90% of the genomic information in some cases. RESULTS: Analyses conducted for over a decade illustrate that Retroid agents are engaged in a wide spectrum of molecular evolutionary events. A description of these complexities is presented as a three parameter conceptual framework that considers type, size, and mechanism of events that contribute to the evolution of genes, genomes, and organisms. The results of new data mining studies further illustrate the complexity of the network of relationships among and between Retroid agents and other organisms. A hidden Markov model construction strategy is presented that generates a multiple alignment more similar to those refined by human experts. CONTACT: [email protected] edu  (+info)

Sequence-specific and methylation-dependent and -independent binding of rice nuclear proteins to a rice tungro bacilliform virus vascular bundle expression element. (8/33)

Nuclear proteins from rice (Oryza sativa) were identified that bind specifically to a rice tungro bacilliform virus promoter region containing a vascular bundle expression element (VBE). One set of proteins of 29, 33, and 37 kDa, present in shoot and cell suspension extracts but hardly detectable in root extracts, bound to a site containing the sequence AGAAGGACCAGA within the VBE, which also contains two CpG and one CpNpG potential methylation motifs. Binding by these proteins was determined to be cytosine methylation-independent. However, a novel protein present in all analyzed extracts bound specifically to the methylated VBE. A region of at least 49 nucleotides overlapping the VBE and complete cytosine methylation of the three Cp(Np)G motifs was required for efficient binding of this methylated VBE-binding protein (MVBP).  (+info)

Read "Upstream and downstream sequence elements determine the specificity of the rice tungro bacilliform virus promoter and influence RNA production after transcription initiation, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) is a pararetrovirus, and a member of the family Caulimoviridae in the genus Badnavirus. RTBV has a long open reading frame that encodes a large polyprotein (P3). Pararetroviruses show similarities with retroviruses in molecular organization and replication. P3 contains a putative movement protein (MP), the capsid protein (CP), the aspartate protease (PR) and the reverse transcriptase (RT) with a ribonuclease H activity. PR is a member of the cluster of retroviral proteases and serves to proteolytically process P3. Previous work established the N- and C-terminal amino acid sequences of CP and RT, processing of RT by PR, and estimated the molecular mass of PR by western blot assays. A molecular mass of a protein that was associated with virions was determined by in-line HPLC electrospray ionization mass spectral analysis. Comparison with retroviral proteases amino acid sequences allowed the characterization of a putative protease domain in this protein. Structural
ID EU908855; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; VRL; 543 BP. XX AC EU908855; XX DT 10-JUL-2009 (Rel. 101, Created) DT 10-JUL-2009 (Rel. 101, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Musa acuminata endogenous badnavirus clone FP20 polyprotein gene, partial DE cds. XX KW . XX OS Musa acuminata endogenous badnavirus OC Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Badnavirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-543 RX DOI; 10.1007/s00239-009-9253-2. RX PUBMED; 19517051. RA Gayral P., Iskra-Caruana M.L.; RT "Phylogeny of Banana Streak Virus reveals recent and repetitive RT endogenization in the genome of its banana host (Musa sp.)"; RL J. Mol. Evol. 69(1):65-80(2009). XX RN [2] RP 1-543 RA Gayral P., Iskra-Caruana M.-L.; RT ; RL Submitted (17-JUL-2008) to the INSDC. RL UMR BGPI, CIRAD BIOS, TA A-54 /K Campus International de Baillarguet, RL Montpellier, Cedex 5 34398, France XX DR MD5; c27bb35197e335bf5f59031626d15c51. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..543 FT /organism="Musa acuminata endogenous badnavirus" FT ...
ID FJ594893; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; VRL; 601 BP. XX AC FJ594893; XX DT 17-FEB-2009 (Rel. 99, Created) DT 17-FEB-2009 (Rel. 99, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Banana streak virus isolate 15 ORFIII polyprotein gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Banana streak virus OC Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Badnavirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-601 RA He Y., Li H.; RT "The RT/RNase H region of banana streak virus"; RL Unpublished. XX RN [2] RP 1-601 RA He Y., Li H.; RT ; RL Submitted (24-DEC-2008) to the INSDC. RL College of Natural Resources, South China Agricultural University, Wushan RL Road, Tianhe Block, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China XX DR MD5; 3d076a1d09254cb9e6db6c99f267f13f. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..601 FT /organism="Banana streak virus" FT /host="Musa balbisiana" FT /isolate="15" FT /mol_type="genomic DNA" FT /country="China:South China" FT /collection_date="Jul-2006" FT /db_xref="taxon:69577" FT CDS ...
Literature Cited. 1. Adams, M. J., Antoniw, J. F., Bar-Joseph, M., Brunt, A. A., Candresse, T., Foster, G. D., Martelli, G. P., Milne, R. G., and Fauquet, C. M. 2004. The new plant virus family Flexiviridae and assessment of molecular criteria for species demarcation. Arch Virol. 149:1045-1060.. 2. Ahlawat, Y. S., Pant, R. P., Lockhart, B. E. L., Srivastava, M., Chakraborty, N. K., and Varma, A. 1996. Association of a badnavirus with citrus mosaic disease in India. Plant Dis. 80:590-590.. 3. Amico, L. A., O Shea, M. T., Castello, J. D., and Hibben, C. R. 1985. Transmission of tobacco mosaic and tobacco ringspot viruses from Moraine ash in New York. Plant Dis. 69:542.. 4. Bricker, J. S., and Stutz, J. C. 2004. Phytoplasmas associated with ash decline. J. Arboric. 30:193-199.. 5. Casalicchio, G. 1965. La punteggiatura cloronecrotica de Fragsino maggiore. Monti Boschi 16:39-46.. 6. Castello, J. D., Amico, L. A., and O Shea, M. T. 1984. Detection of Tobacco mosaic and Tobacco ringspot viruses in ...
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Caulimoviridae is a family of viruses. Plants and insects serve as natural hosts. There are currently 53 species in this family, divided among 8 genera. Viruses belonging to the Caulimoviridae family are termed DNA reverse-transcribing viruses (or pararetroviruses) i.e. viruses that contain a reverse transcription stage in their replication cycle. This family contains all plant viruses that consist of a double-stranded DNA genome that has a reverse transcribing phase in its lifecycle. Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Badnavirus Aglaonema bacilliform virus Banana streak GF virus Banana streak IM virus Banana streak MY virus Banana streak OL virus Banana streak UA virus Banana streak UI virus Banana streak UL virus Banana streak UM virus Banana streak VN virus Bougainvillea chlorotic vein banding virus Cacao swollen shoot virus Canna yellow mottle virus Citrus yellow mosaic virus Commelina yellow mottle virus Dioscorea bacilliform AL virus Dioscorea bacilliform SN ...
Predisposing factors of Rice Tungro DiseaseFactors for the development of Rice Tungro Disease1. The outbreak of rice tungro disease is the result of several factors like availability of virus source (primary inoculum), presence of host susceptible to both virus and vector, right growth stage of the host, availability of vectors and favourable climatic conditions.2. Shortage of irrigation water may also promote tungro incidence because farmers are forced to plant asynchronously.Rice Tungro Virus1. Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) is a reverse-transcribing DNA virus which, in association with an RNA virus, Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV) develops Rice tungro disease.
Our lab is interested in studying the genomes of viruses infecting crops, their interactions with plant hosts and their use in the expression and silencing of plant genes. Our studies with viruses infecting rice have shown that out of the two viruses causing the Rice tungro disease, Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) exists as a distinct sub-group in India when compared with Southeast Asia (Nath et al., 2002), whereas Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV), the second virus, is highly similar between India and Southeast Asian regions (Verma and Dasgupta, 2007). We have developed a number of rice lines containing genes derived from RTBV and RTSV with a view to engineer resistance against this dreaded disease. Some of the selected lines are being taken forward for back-crossing the desired genes to elite varieties of rice suited to different agro-ecological zones of India by research collaborators based in Tamilnadu and West Bengal. The use of novel plant lectins to control rice pests and the viral ...
Al-Kuwaiti, N.A., Maruthi, M.N. and Seal, S.E. (2016) Molecular characterization of potyviruses infecting potato and vegetables in Iraq. Journal of Plant Pathology: An International Journal of the Italian Phytopathological Society, 98 (3). ISSN 1125-4653 (doi:/10.4454/JPP.V98I3.029) Arnold, Sarah, Stevenson, Philip and Belmain, Steven (2016) Shades of yellow: interactive effects of visual and odour cues in a pest beetle. PeerJ, 4:e2219. ISSN 2376-5992 (Print), 2167-8359 (Online) (doi:10.7717/peerj.2219) Bömer, Moritz, Turaki, Aliyu A., Silva, Gonçalo, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2016) A sequence-independent strategy for amplification and characterisation of episomal badnavirus sequences reveals three previously uncharacterised yam badnaviruses. Viruses, 8:188. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1999-4915 (Print), 1999-4915 (Online) (doi:10.3390/v8070188) Cheke, R. A., Young, S. and Garms, R. (2016) Inverse density dependence of parity rates in the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. Medical and ...
Cassava vein mosaic virus (CVMV) was found to be widespread throughout the north-eastern region of Brazil. The complete sequence of CVMV was determined, and the genome was 8158 bp in size. A cytosolic initiator methionine tRNA (tRNAmet i)-binding site that probably acts as a primer for minus-strand synthesis was present. The genome contained five open reading frames that potentially encode proteins with predicted molecular masses of 186 kDa, 9 kDa, 77 kDa, 24 kDa and 26 kDa. The putative 186 kDa protein had regions with similarity to the zinc finger-like RNA-binding domain that is a common element in the capsid proteins and similarity to the intercellular transport domain of the plant pararetroviruses. The predicted 77 kDa protein had regions with similarity to aspartic proteases, reverse transcriptase and RNase H of pararetroviruses. This gene order was confirmed by the amplification of similar PCR products from total DNA extracted from CVMV-infected cassava plants. The genomic organization of CVMV was
Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is a member of the genus Caulimovirus, one of the six genera in the Caulimoviridae family, which are pararetroviruses that infect plants. Pararetroviruses replicate through reverse transcription just like retroviruses, but the viral particles contain DNA instead of RNA. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is the type species of the family Caulimoviridae. This family is grouped together with Hepadnaviruses into the Pararetrovirus group due to its mode of replication via reverse transcription of a pre-genomic RNA intermediate. CaMV infects mostly plants of the Brassicaceae family (such as cauliflower and turnip) but some CaMV strains (D4 and W260) are also able to infect Solanaceae species of the genera Datura and Nicotiana. CaMV induces a variety of systemic symptoms such as mosaic, necrotic lesions on leaf surfaces, stunted growth, and deformation of the overall plant structure. The symptoms exhibited vary depending on the viral strain, host ecotype, and environmental ...
RTBV has bacilliform particles of 30 nm diameter and usually about 130 nm length (Fig. 2). However, in some isolates longer particles in excess of 300 nm are found. The structure of the particles is based on a T 3 icosahedron cut across its threefold axis with the tubular portion being made up of rings of hexamer subunits and a repeat distance of about 10 nm. The particles have an S2ow of approximately 200 and a buoyant density in cesium chloride of approximately 1.36 g ml-1. Figure 2 Electron.... ...
bacillary definition: 1. rod-shaped; bacilliform 2. consisting of rodlike structures 3. of, like, characterized by, or caused by bacilliAlso ba·cil′lar Origin of bacillaryModern Latin bacillarius: see bacillus...
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1. Ammar, E. D., Gingery, R. E., and Nault, L. R. 1993. Cytopathology and ultrastructure of mild and severe strains of Maize chlorotic dwarf virus in maize and Johnsongrass. Can. J. Bot. 71:718-724.. 2. Ammar, E. D., Gordon, D. T., and Nault, L. R. 1987. Ultrastructure of Maize chlorotic dwarf virus-infected maize and viruliferous leafhopper vectors. Phytopathology 77:1743-1743.. 3. Ammar, E. D., and Nault, L. R. 1991. Maize chlorotic dwarf virus-like particles associated with the foregut in vector and nonvector leafhopper species. Phytopathology 81:444-448.. 4. Angeles, E. R., and Khush, G. S. 2000. Genetic analysis of resistance to green leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens (Distant), in three varieties of rice. Plant Breed. 119:446-448.. 5. Azzam, O., and Chancellor, T. C. B. 2002. The biology, epidemiology, and management of rice tungro disease in Asia. Plant Dis. 86:88-100.. 6. Azzam, O., Yambao, M. L. M., Muhsin, M., McNally, K. L., and Umadhay, K. M. L. 2000. Genetic diversity of Rice tungro ...
Thallus 3-10 cm wide, adnate, dichotomously lobate. Lobes radiating, discrete to ±contiguous, plane to slightly convex or concave, 0.4-0.8 mm wide, subrotund to truncate at the apices. Upper surface white to yellowish white, pale yellow-brown or grey, patchily pruinose; pruina glistening; dactyls and isidia absent. Pseudocyphellae usually retricted to the margins, rarely laminal or becoming reticulately confluent, often developing into soralia. Soralia marginal and laminal, orbicular to linear, ±coalescing into extensive patches; soredia granular. Medulla uniformly white. Lower surface black in the centre, paler towards the periphery; rhizines ±dense, furcate. Apothecia rare, cocoes-type, 0.4-1.4 mm wide; disc epruinose. Internal stipe distinct, reddish brown in the upper part and K+ purple, P-; lower part white, K-, P-. Ascospores 15-18 × 6-7 μm. Conidia bacilliform, 3-4 × c. 1 μm ...
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Yes, apparently birth is just the start of a lifelong series of hazards that are poised to attack and kill your baby when you least expect it. First of all, the hospital will not let you leave until you can produce some sort of approved baby car seat, which leaves me more than a little flummoxed as I was planning on taking the baby home on the tube. Will I have to prove I can hold the baby effectively so that it doesnt slip onto the electrified tracks? Or demonstrate perfect pram-pushing skills to show that I can "mind the gap?" Then, as if this were not alarming enough, babies can drown in an inch of water in less than a minute (beautifully illustrated by a distressed mother interrupting her childs bath to answer the phone and then having to run back to dramatically rescue the child), they can be scalded by any water hotter than about 2 degrees celsius and if you accidentally breathe in some cigarette smoke in the street (which I do a lot, by the way, and end up walking around with my scarf ...
This investigation looks at the function of stomata in transpiration, with a focus on how osmosis and the state of turgor in guard cells affects the opening and closing of stomata. It will also develop students microscope skills.
Although it sounds very strange, there are specific problems which bananas solve better than pills. The banana is not only tasty, but it is also good for our health because it contains a big amount of vitamins, proteins and other nutrients.. Recent studies have shown that bananas are not only good for our health, but they also increase the force of the body and control the female period, because they are good for the health.. Considering their amount of fibers, bananas protect us of diseases.. Here are the 10 problems that bananas will solve better than some pills:. ...
Bananas contain about 23 to 30 grams of carbohydrates, including some fiber. A small banana has approximately 23.1 grams, a medium-sized banana contains approximately 27 grams and a large banana...
Genetic variation of leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens Distant active transmitters from endemic and non endemic areas of rice tungro disease based on RAPD marker. Leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens ...
Thallus: foliose, single lobed attached by a single umbilicus and with 14-60 mm wide lobes upper surface: gray, with epinecral layer consisting of air filled hyphae upper cortex: 130-240 µm thick with the outermost 10-20 µm brown medulla: 180-350 µm thick lower cortex: 90-110 µm thick with the outermost 15-40 µm brown, the lower cortex cells are angular and in distinct vertical columns, uneven lower surface were 2-4 cell rows thick outgrowths cause the farinose lower surface of the species lower surface: brown, farinose and often reticulate, occasionally with rhizinomorphs Perithecia: obpyriform to almost globose, 200-530 x 170-440 µm, primarily with a hyaline exciple that is light brown to brown in the uppermost part, rarely hyaline throughout asci: clavate or cylindrical, 8spored ascospores: simple, hyaline, 12-17 x 5-9 µm Pycnidia: not found in Sonoran material, elsewhere immersed, ostiolum similar to that of the perithecium conidia: bacilliform, 4-6 x 1 µm Spot tests: all negative ...
Many owners wonder, can I give my dog bananas? In this article on bananas for dogs, we discuss: can dogs eat bananas, benefits and side effects.
So apparently Ive been opening bananas the wrong way FOREVER! Do you know the proper way to open a banana? This video promptly led to a
Many women are little doubtful about eating banana during breastfeeding. So, before you start panicking, lets look at how bananas can affect breastfeeding moms!
I know i must be driving everyone crazy by now with all the posts but i have another question, Rebel loves bananas, is it ok to give him some for a sn
chiquitabanana.jpg She will, however, deliver those bananas in the GWONT (Glorious World of Next Tuesday) when she runs for President of the United States, when ...
Hi Ladies Just popping in to say hi :) Im Fran from Gloucester, 35 (36 by time oor wee Banana makes an appearance) and Im ... Read more on Netmums
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Thallus: peltate, scattered, individual thalli up to 22 mm in diam., often lobate; margin: undulate upper surface: gray, pruinose, spot-like soredia: farinose, black, marginal, rarely occurring upper cortex: with numerous air spaces, 4.5-13 µm thick and with an epinecral layer (7-18 µm thick) medulla: composed of loosely interwoven hyphae with elongated cells (2-3.6 µm thick); algal layer: clearly delimited above, 55-100 µm thick lower cortex: paraplectenchymatous, 24-37 µm thick, composed of 3 (rarely 4) rows of hexagonal cells (4.5-7.5 µm in diam.), in 4-5 rows lower surface: pale orange-brown, attached by an umbilicus Apothecia: rare (only one found in material from Sinaloa), one to presumably several, immersed with an orange colored; disc: slightly protruding when mature asci: obclavate, I- (but the material was to scanty to be sure!) ascospores: numerous (>64) in asci, ellipsoid to bacilliform, 4.4-8 x 2.9-4.4 µm Pycnidia: not observed Spot tests: all negative Secondary metabolites: ...
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There are around 100 calories in a banana. This value refers to the medium banana calories. Larger bananas will have higher calories and smaller bananas will have lower calories.
Does your family like bananas as much as mine does? I try to buy the greenest bananas I can find at the store but it still seems like they always turn brown before I am able to eat them. I have been making banana bread for years with the less desirable ones. But I got to wondering what I could do if I FROZE the bananas before they turn brown. Here are some tips. ...
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When boxed pudding just wont do, our homemade Very Banana Pudding scores with its fresh-tasting big banana flavor. Theyll go crazy for it!
I have duplicates of several other, more common pets as well that I have stored in my bank. Just contact me regarding which ones you are after ...
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The genome contains a single molecule of circular and is not segmented. The genome is made of a double stranded DNA and is -RT. Virions do not contain minor species of non-genomic nucleic acid. The complete genome is sequenced, but can only be estimated at about 8000 nucleotides long. It has single-stranded discontinuities at specific sites and the transcribed strand has at least one discontinuity while the non-trnascribed strand has two discontinuities. The genome may have an intergenic poly (A) region. Members of this genus have 6 or 7 open reading frames (ORFs); viruses in the Caulimoviridae family with either more or fewer ORFs have been reclassified into other genera in the family (sources: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/00.015.0.01.htm ICTVdB], [http://www.dpvweb.net/notes/showgenus.php?genus=Caulimovirus Descriptions of Plant Viruses ...
Banana is a fruit that contains vitamin C, A, minerals, fiber and alternative nutrients that are beneficial to the body. Individuals have many recognize the delicacy and nutrients in bananas which have several advantages for the body. Besides delicious to eat, bananas can also created snacks like chips, banana soup and many additional. Talking about chips, in Indonesia theres a famous banana chips and very tasty thats mr monkey. For those of you citizens of Indonesia should be acquainted with one of those famous brand chips. In addition to favors, there are many selections of flavors and therefore the model favored adults and children alike. Creating banana chips is terribly straightforward and can be done at home or anywhere else. Banana chips simply found in tourist spots, particularly in Indonesia like Bandung is legendary for its chocolate banana chips, while in Lampung famous salty banana chips. Banana chips are usually sold as a snack and are straightforward to find within the stalls and ...
Bananas are loaded with fiber and potassium. A single banana contains 24g of carbs. Bananas have the highest amount of sugars than any other fruit.
Banana flavoured fruit loafs from malt loaf maker Soreen. Full size banana loafs plus mini lunchbox loaves in the same flavour. If youre a lover of malt loaf, that dark squidgy, moist fruit loaf, youll know that Soreen isnt vegan. The company stubbornly refuses to change the recipe to omit the milk, but whenever they diversify, such as with these banana loaves, the ingredients are usually dairy-free ...
I love to eat banana very much and my friend told me that we are not suppose to have banana after meals as it will add on our pounds which I sometimes do....
Kwenzeka ukuze ibhethri ayisekho efudumele ngenxa yokuthi kukhona ukuvaleka. Kwase kuphele amashumi eminyaka evele sangaphakathi amashubhu embozwe nokugqwala, okuyinto emabhuloki ukufinyelela ukuba amanzi. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ochwepheshe ukweluleka ukuba sifeze yokuhlanza noma kurediyetha esikhundleni. Uma uhlangabezana nenkinga, okuyinto lubonakaliswa yokuthi ibhethri kubi heats efulethini, yini okufanele uyenze, sizoyaphi sabuka ngenhla. Nokho, yonke into ingaba ngisho esikhaleni aphansi. Futhi uma kunjalo, esebenzisa dlula kuyodingeka ukusika ukugeleza kokupholisayo ukuba kurediyetha, okuyinto kuyogcina ibhethri sesimweni ukusebenza. Uma yokuhlanza Kwenziwa, kungcono ukusebenzisa Iseluleko ezithile ezilandelayo. Ukuze afeze umsebenzi onjalo kuyadingeka a ingcindezi eliphezulu kokupholisayo supply. Ungabheki lokho wonke ebhuqwini aphume kurediyetha, uma ukuxhuma hose kusukela empompini. Kunconywa ukuba aphinde uhlole uxhumano, ngaphambi kokufaka ibhethri endaweni. Uma uzama ukuxazulula ...
Variation in percent identity between PRRSV samples can be explained, in part, by differences in the wild-type viruses, even within a single pig sample.5 However, some deviations may also be explained by variation in the sequencing process or process execution or both within and among the laboratories themselves that may include both biological and technical factors. Since the study was focused on the potential contribution of technical variation that might result in misinterpretation of data, several steps were taken to minimize or remove within-pig variation.. All of the serum representing an individual pig in this study was taken from the same pig at the same time on the same day to account for the potential to have multiple PRRSV variants, or quasispecies, coexisting within individual pigs.5 The presence of sequence variation in the vaccine controls, which were not amplified in pigs, further indicates that biological variation was not the source of sequence differences. Hence, it is likely ...
View Notes - Banana Power! from ECON 101 at Art Inst. Boston. BANANA POWER! Bananas contain three natural sugars - sucrose, fructose and glucose combined with fiber. A banana gives an instant,
Why the black spots on the banana? This is very important, actually. The riper the banana the more black spots will pop up. This indicates that the banana flesh has turned to mostly sugars instead of mostly starch. And sugars are much mores easily digested by the body than starches. Starches are more complex and sugars have been broken down a bit already. So make sure you use ripe bananas ...
Never, put your banana in the refrigerator!!! This is interesting. After reading this, youll never look at a banana in the same way again. Bananas contain
Well, here goes the facts about the banana! You gotta love the fruit. It taste great and is good for you. What more could you ask for? Oh,but wait there is so much more that the banana can do for you. It is concidered the cooling fruit. Imagine...
Bananas are one of the best foods you can eat. They pick you up, calm you down, keep you going, and offer a bevy of other health benefits.
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Erionota thrax - Banana Skipper -- Discover Life
Hey everyone! I wanted to create a group where anyone who is following and 80-10-10 lifestyle can connect. I think we need more like minded people to keep us s…
Shorty should never have turned me onto this show Rachel Zoe project. She tried to explain it to me that Rachel Zoe was basically a Patti Stanger type who runs around being crazy. Well, since I know Patti Stanger, I figured I would watch the show and see for myself. Guess what? She is not […]. ...
Distinguishing features. Viruses assigned to the genus Sripuvirus form a distinct monophyletic group based on well-supported Maximum Likelihood trees inferred from complete L sequences. Viruses assigned to the genus have been isolated from either lizards or phlebotomine sandflies. Sripuviruses share the common features of: i) a consecutive ORF (Mx) in the M gene for which the initiation codon overlaps the termination codon of the M ORF; and ii) an ORF (Gx) in an alternative reading frame near the start of the G gene.. Virion. Morphology. In ultra-thin sections of infected cells, sripuvirus virions display long bullet-shaped or bacilliform morphology (i.e., with two rounded ends). For Niakha virus (NIAV), bacilliform virions (180-200 nm x 45 nm) have been reported in mammalian (BHK-21) cell cultures; in insect (Phlebotomus papatasi) cell cultures virions were observed to be up to 350 nm in length but these may represent longitudinally fused particles [{Vasilakis et al., ...
Bananas contain three natural sugars - sucrose, fructose and glucose combined with fiber. A banana gives an instant, sustained and substantial boost of energy. Research has proven that just two bananas provide enough energy for a strenuous 90-minute workout. No wonder the banana is the number one fruit with the worlds leading athletes. But energy isnt the only way a banana can help us keep fit. It can also help overcome or prevent a substantial number of illnesses and conditions, making it a must to add to our daily diet. ...
A banana sob a forma minimamente processada é altamente perecível, devido ao escurecimento enzimático e ao estresse oxidativo, que podem causar degradação de membranas do tecido vegetal. A imersão de rodelas de banana em soluções de alguns compostos químicos pode aumentar sua conservação comercial, torná-la um produto mais saudável, com maior capacidade antioxidante, e evitar o desenvolvimento de doenças degenerativas. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram avaliar os efeitos da imersão de rodelas de banana minimamente processada em misturas de antioxidantes sobre aspectos físicos, fisiológicos e bioquímicos, relacionados à qualidade visual, e associá-los às alterações no potencial antioxidante e estresse oxidativo. Propôs-se também a avaliar a ação da banana minimamente processada sobre a redução do desenvolvimento da aterosclerose em camundongos susceptíveis à doença. Para avaliação dos efeitos no tecido vegetal, bananas da cultivar Prata no estádio de maturidade ...
Banana Wars The banana industry has long been the center of controversy. In some instances, the banana has been the necessary means for countries to become
How often do you eat fruits? Do you regularly include fruits in your diet or do you just occasionally eat fruits? Ok, what about a banana? What do you really know about this common fruit? How often do you eat the banana? Did you know that banana is one of the most essential fruits that has innumerable health benefits? Well, these few pertinent questions have been tendered before you for your candid response.
Bananas are an excellent source of potassium. Potassium can be found in a variety of fruits, vegetables, and even meats, however, a single banana provides you with 23% of the potassium that you need on a daily basis.
Breakfast- 1 large mango Lunch- 4 banana, 115 grams of dates smoothie So have I had a good amount? I plan on having some kind of veggie dish for dinner, is thi…
At what point should I expect to see pups? I have several banana Plants, three of them are at about 5 feet or more but no pups yet. I kind of expected
U.K.-based Tropic Biosciences, an agricultural biotechnology company developing banana varieties resistant to TR4, has raised US$28.5m in equity.
was letting some bananas get ready for banana bread when i changed my mind and wanted one on my cereal this morning... and this is what i found the last two looked like - they were actually one! see how the top is connected (that is called a stem on a banana, right?)... when i opened it up, they were growing as individuals but were still slightly connected... wild! :0 ...
Bananas commonly cause indigestion if they are consumed raw before they have fully ripened. The ripening process is necessary to convert the indigestible starch in the fruit into digestible sugar. Bananas also contain hi... More » ...
Genus Badnavirus. *Genus Caulimovirus (mit Species Blumenkohlmosaikvirus, en. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV )) ...
The virus is a badnavirus within the family Caulimoviridae. Eradication of infected trees has been the most widely used means ...
Known species of virus are: Canna yellow mottle badnavirus (CYMV) infecting canna species. Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) ...
Kalanchoë top-spotting badnavirus (KTSV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Caulimoviridae. ICTVdB - The Universal Virus ... Database: Kalanchoë top-spotting badnavirus Family Groups - The Baltimore Method. ...
Stilbocarpa mosaic bacilliform badnavirus (SMBV) from Macquarie Island". Polar Biology. 26 (1): 1-7. doi:10.1007/s00300-002- ...
Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Badnavirus Aglaonema bacilliform virus Banana streak GF virus ... yellow mosaic virus Commelina yellow mottle virus Dioscorea bacilliform AL virus Dioscorea bacilliform SN virus Fig badnavirus ...
Badnavirus Aglaonema bacilliform virus Banana streak GF virus Banana streak IM virus Banana streak MY virus Banana streak OL ... yellow mosaic virus Commelina yellow mottle virus Dioscorea bacilliform AL virus Dioscorea bacilliform SN virus Fig badnavirus ...
Babuvirus Bacilladnavirus Bacillarnavirus Badnavirus Bafinivirus Barnavirus Barnyardlikevirus Batrachovirus Bcep22likevirus ...
... virus Feline leukemia virus Feline morbillivirus Fer-de-Lance paramyxovirus Festuca leaf streak cytorhabdovirus Fig badnavirus ...
... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently 32 species ... Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Badnavirus Aglaonema bacilliform virus Banana streak GF virus ... Viruses in Badnavirus are non-enveloped, with bacilliform geometries. These viruses are about 30 nm wide and 90-900 nm long. ... yellow mosaic virus Commelina yellow mottle virus Dioscorea bacilliform AL virus Dioscorea bacilliform SN virus Fig badnavirus ...
Talk:Badnavirus. *Talk:Bafinivirus. *Talk:Balapiravir. *Talk:Bamboo mosaic virus. *Talk:Bamboo mosaic virus satellite RNA cis- ...
Badnavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently 32 species ... Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Badnavirus Aglaonema bacilliform virus Banana streak GF virus ... Viruses in Badnavirus are non-enveloped, with bacilliform geometries. These viruses are about 30 nm wide and 90-900 nm long. ... yellow mosaic virus Commelina yellow mottle virus Dioscorea bacilliform AL virus Dioscorea bacilliform SN virus Fig badnavirus ...
Staff publications is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research. Staff publications contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.. Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.. Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.. We have a manual that explains all the features ...
"Sequence analysis of an Australian isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest ... A badnavirus was first purified from the variety Mex 57-473 by Lockhart and ... Sequence analysis of an Australian isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus. Geijskes, R. J.; Braithwaite, K. S.; Dale, J. L ... Sequence analysis of an Australian isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus Geijskes, R. J.; Braithwaite, K. S.; Dale, J. L ...
"Exploring the genetic diversity and molecular evolution of fig badnavirus-1 from Iran, Journal of Plant Pathology" on DeepDyve ... Incidence and distribution of fig badnavirus 1 and mulberry badnavirus 1 on mulberry trees in Iran ... Exploring the genetic diversity and molecular evolution of fig badnavirus-1 from Iran. Alishiri, Athar; Rakhshandehroo, Farshad ... Exploring the genetic diversity and molecular evolution of fig badnavirus-1 from Iran. Exploring the genetic diversity and ...
... including members of two new badnavirus species, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for ... Phylogenetic analyses indicated that they were members of new badnavirus species. A third caulimovirid sequence was also ... Sequence analysis of an Australian isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus. Geijskes, RJ; Braithwaite, KS; Dale, JL; ... including members of two new badnavirus species. Gambley, C.; Geering, A.; Steele, V.; Thomas, J. ...
"A promoter from sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus drives transgene expression in banana and other monocot and dicot plants, ... A 1369 bp DNA fragment (Sc) was isolated from a full-length clone of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus (ScBV) and was shown to ... A promoter from sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus drives transgene expression in banana and other monocot and dicot plants. ... A promoter from sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus drives transgene expression in banana and other monocot and dicot plants. A ...
A previously undescribed badnavirus was identified in plants of Polyscias fruticosa (Ming aralia) showing symptoms of mild ... A previously undescribed badnavirus was identified in plants of Polyscias fruticosa (Ming aralia) showing symptoms of mild ... Based on the ICTV species demarcation criteria for the genus Badnavirus (more than 20% nucleotide sequence divergence in the RT ... Complete genome sequence of a previously undescribed badnavirus occurring in Polyscias fruticosa L. (Ming aralia). Zeitschrift: ...
Genus Badnavirus. *Genus Caulimovirus (mit Species Blumenkohlmosaikvirus, en. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV )) ...
Badnavirus. Genus. Tungrovirus. Family. Hepadnaviridae. Genus. Orthohepadnavirus. Genus. Avihepadnavirus. Family. Metaviridae. ...
Badnavirus:. Commelina yellow mottle virus. Plants. Caulimovirus:. cauliflower mosaic virus. Plants. Hepadnaviridae:. ...
Genus: Badnavirus Species: Piper yellow mottle virus Name[edit]. Piper yellow mottle virus ...
Unusual genomic features of a badnavirus infecting mulberry.. Chiumenti M, Morelli M, De Stradis A, Elbeaino T, Stavolone L, ...
Harper, G., Osuji, J.O., Heslop-Harrison, P. Hull, R. (1999). Integration of banana streak badnavirus into the Musa genome : ...
Badnavirus. Bicaudaviridae. Birnaviridae. Bromoviridae. Bromovirus. Bunyaviridae. Caulimoviridae. Caulimovirus. Circovirus. ...
Badnavirus ‎ (current) *14:37, 28 September 2015 (diff , hist) . . (+25)‎ . . Gram staining ‎ (current) ...
Pathogen name: Canna yellow mottle virus, Genus Badnavirus. APS publication number: IW000089 ...
talk , contribs) moved page Badnaviridae to Badnavirus (There is no Badnaviridae family. Badnavirus is a genera of the ... talk , contribs) uploaded File:Badnavirus.gif (Badnavirus. From [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/WIntkey/Images/b1.gif ...
Ndowora, T., Dahal, G., LaFleur, D., Harper, G., Hull, R., Olszerski, N.E. and Lockhart, B. (1999). Evidence that badnavirus ...
Badnavirus Citrus Yellow Mosaic Virus Pest Info Laurel wilt Raffaelea lauricola Pest Info , NAPIS Maps ...
  • Shams-Bakhsh, Masoud 2018-06-06 00:00:00 Complete genome sequences of five fig badnavirus-1 (FBV-1) isolates from different geographic origins in Iran were obtained from infected fig plants using conventional sequencing of overlapping PCR fragment with appropriate primers. (deepdyve.com)
  • According to the Badnavirus genome structure, BSVaV also potentially encode for a virion associated protein (VAP) (ORF I), for an unknown protein with a molecular weight of 14.4 kDa (ORF II) and for a polyprotein showing motifs related to the movement protein (MOV), RNA binding (COAT- gag ), aspartate protease (PR), reverse transcriptase (RT) and ribonuclease H (RH) (ORF III). (gydb.org)
  • A similar dUTPase domain has also been found in the genome of other badnavirus, Dioscorea bacilliform virus (DBV). (gydb.org)
  • In addition, badnavirus sequences have been found to be integrated in the yam genome. (iita.org)
  • This discovery helped establish a new virus group, the badnavirus group, which has been recognized by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. (apsnet.org)
  • Ten different viruses were detected including sweet potato badnavirus and sweet potato symptomless virus which have not been previously reported in the country. (africabiosciences.org)
  • Unusual genomic features of a badnavirus infecting mulberry. (nih.gov)
  • 2012 ) observed that the occurrence of Yam Mosaic Virus (YMV), Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV), Yam Mild Mosaic Virus (YMMV) and badnavirus as well as the mixed infections observed in most of the five states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Nigeria that they surveyed could be attributed to the exchange of infected planting materials between States. (springer.com)
  • A previously undescribed badnavirus was identified in plants of Polyscias fruticosa (Ming aralia) showing symptoms of mild mosaic and leaf senescence. (springermedizin.de)
  • Characteristic bacilliform virions of the Polyscias badnavirus averaging 30 × 120 nm in size were observed by transmission electron microscopy in partially purified leaf tissue extracts from symptomatic but not asymptomatic plants collected in the USA and Nigeria. (springermedizin.de)
  • The discount plants and risk nebulas have reported on the concluded addition of each badnavirus. (be-mindful.de)
  • out, for some products, there score incompletely created Neurotox ecosystems or if they are, they are spread in total Tips and Notes to find( put a expression into a badnavirus question by Environmental casino) the impacts do namely modified certain. (atlantaflyfishingschool.com)