A genus of DNA plant viruses with bacilliform morphology. Transmission in clonally-propagated plants is by vegetative propagation of infected plant materials. Transmission in nature is by mealybugs, seeds, and pollen. The type species is Commelina yellow mottle virus.
This plant order includes 8 families, 66 genera, and about 1,800 species. These herbaceous perennials are mainly found in the wet tropics. Members include the banana family (MUSACEAE) and GINGER family (ZINGIBERACEAE).
A plant genus of the family Musaceae, order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.
A family of DNA plant viruses with isometric or bacilliform virions and no envelope. The host ranges of most species are narrow. There are six genera: CAULIMOVIRUS; BADNAVIRUS; Cavemovirus; Soymovirus; Petuvirus; and TUNGROVIRUS.
A group of AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS that have three rings joined as a triad around a single carbon atom so all three are conjoined, in contrast to a linear arrangement (ANTHRACENES) or angular arrangement (PHENANTHRENES).
A disease of the horny parts and of the adjacent soft structures of the feet of cattle, swine, and sheep. It is usually caused by Corynebacterium pyogenes or Bacteroides nodosus (see DICHELOBACTER NODOSUS). It is also known as interdigital necrobacillosis. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 18th ed)
The type species of genus Mastrevirus, family GEMINIVIRIDAE.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
An aberration in which a chromosomal segment is deleted and reinserted in the same place but turned 180 degrees from its original orientation, so that the gene sequence for the segment is reversed with respect to that of the rest of the chromosome.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonsporeforming rods which usually contain granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
A genus of polyhedral plant viruses of the family COMOVIRIDAE causing ringspots and spotting on leaves or sometimes symptomless infection. Transmission occurs by seeds, soil nematodes, or experimentally by mechanical inoculation. Tobacco ringspot virus is the type species.
The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.
Small, linear single-stranded RNA molecules functionally acting as molecular parasites of certain RNA plant viruses. Satellite RNAs exhibit four characteristic traits: (1) they require helper viruses to replicate; (2) they are unnecessary for the replication of helper viruses; (3) they are encapsidated in the coat protein of the helper virus; (4) they have no extensive sequence homology to the helper virus. Thus they differ from SATELLITE VIRUSES which encode their own coat protein, and from the genomic RNA; (=RNA, VIRAL); of satellite viruses. (From Maramorosch, Viroids and Satellites, 1991, p143)
A family of RNA plant viruses that infect a wide range of herbaceous and woody plant species. There are at least eight genera including POTEXVIRUS and CARLAVIRUS, both of which are highly immunogenic.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.

Integration of banana streak badnavirus into the Musa genome: molecular and cytogenetic evidence. (1/33)

Breeding and tissue culture of certain cultivars of bananas (Musa) have led to high levels of banana streak badnavirus (BSV) infection in progeny from symptomless parents. BSV DNA hybridized to genomic DNA of one such parent, Obino l'Ewai, suggesting integration of viral sequences. Sequencing of clones of Obino l'Ewai genomic DNA revealed an interface between BSV and Musa sequences and a complex BSV integrant. In situ hybridization revealed two different BSV sequence locations in Obino l'Ewai chromosomes and a complex arrangement of BSV and Musa sequences was shown by probing stretched DNA fibers. This is the first report of integrated sequences that possibly lead to a plant pararetrovirus episomal infection by a mechanism differing markedly from animal retroviral systems.  (+info)

Evidence that badnavirus infection in Musa can originate from integrated pararetroviral sequences. (2/33)

When some virus- and disease-free Musa spp. (banana and plantain) are propagated by tissue culture, the resulting plants develop infections with banana streak badnavirus (BSV), a pararetrovirus. In sharp contrast to the virion DNA recovered from natural infections, the virion DNA from tissue culture-associated infections of different Musa spp. was highly similar if not identical. Although BSV does not employ integration during the infection cycle, BSV DNA was found to be integrated into the Musa genome. While one integration consisted of a partial BSV genome, a second contained more than one complete genome that was almost identical to BSV recovered from tissue culture-derived plants. The arrangement of this integrated BSV DNA suggests that it can yield an infectious episomal genome via homologous recombination. This report documents the first instance of integrated DNA of a nonintegrating virus giving rise to an episomal viral infection and identifies tissue culture as a possible trigger for the infection, raising the question of whether similar activatable viral sequences exist in the genomes of other plants and animals.  (+info)

A short open reading frame terminating in front of a stable hairpin is the conserved feature in pregenomic RNA leaders of plant pararetroviruses. (3/33)

In plant pararetroviruses, pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) directs synthesis of circular double-stranded viral DNA and serves as a polycistronic mRNA. By computer-aided analysis, the 14 plant pararetroviruses sequenced so far were compared with respect to structural organization of their pgRNA 5'-leader. The results revealed that the pgRNA of all these viruses carries a long leader sequence containing several short ORFs and having the potential to form a large stem-loop structure; both features are known to be inhibitory for downstream translation. Formation of the structure brings the first long ORF into the close spatial vicinity of a 5'-proximal short ORF that terminates 5 to 10 nt upstream of the stable structural element. The first long ORF on the pgRNA is translated by a ribosome shunt mechanism discovered in cauliflower mosaic (CaMV) and rice tungro bacilliform viruses, representing the two major groups of plant pararetroviruses. Both the short ORF and the structure have been implicated in the shunt process for CaMV pgRNA translation. The conservation of these elements among all plant pararetroviruses suggests conservation of the ribosome shunt mechanism. For some of the less well-studied viruses, the localization of the conserved elements also allowed predictions of the pgRNA promoter region and the translation start site of the first long ORF.  (+info)

Sequence changes in six variants of rice tungro bacilliform virus and their phylogenetic relationships. (4/33)

The DNA of three biological variants, G1, Ic and G2, which originated from the same greenhouse isolate of rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), was cloned and sequenced. Comparison of the sequences revealed small differences in genome sizes. The variants were between 95 and 99% identical at the nucleotide and amino acid levels. Alignment of the three genome sequences with those of three published RTBV sequences (Phi-1, Phi-2 and Phi-3) revealed numerous nucleotide substitutions and some insertions and deletions. The published RTBV sequences originated from the same greenhouse isolate at IRRI 20, 11 and 9 years ago. All open reading frames (ORFs) and known functional domains were conserved across the six variants. The cysteine-rich region of ORF3 showed the greatest variation. When the six DNA sequences from IRRI were compared with that of an isolate from Malaysia (Serdang), similar changes were observed in the cysteine-rich region in addition to other nucleotide substitutions and deletions across the genome. The aligned nucleotide sequences of the IRRI variants and Serdang were used to analyse phylogenetic relationships by the bootstrapped parsimony, distance and maximum-likelihood methods. The isolates clustered in three groups: Serdang alone; Ic and G1; and Phi-1, Phi-2, Phi-3 and G2. The distribution of phylogenetically informative residues in the IRRI sequences shared with the Serdang sequence and the differing tree topologies for segments of the genome suggested that recombination, as well as substitutions and insertions or deletions, has played a role in the evolution of RTBV variants. The significance and implications of these evolutionary forces are discussed in comparison with badnaviruses and caulimoviruses.  (+info)

The rice tungro bacilliform virus gene II product interacts with the coat protein domain of the viral gene III polyprotein. (5/33)

Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) is a plant pararetrovirus whose DNA genome contains four genes encoding three proteins and a large polyprotein. The function of most of the viral proteins is still unknown. To investigate the role of the gene II product (P2), we searched for interactions between this protein and other RTBV proteins. P2 was shown to interact with the coat protein (CP) domain of the viral gene III polyprotein (P3) both in the yeast two-hybrid system and in vitro. Domains involved in the P2-CP association have been identified and mapped on both proteins. To determine the importance of this interaction for viral multiplication, the infectivity of RTBV gene II mutants was investigated by agroinoculation of rice plants. The results showed that virus viability correlates with the ability of P2 to interact with the CP domain of P3. This study suggests that P2 could participate in RTBV capsid assembly.  (+info)

Transcriptional activation of the rice tungro bacilliform virus gene is critically dependent on an activator element located immediately upstream of the TATA box. (6/33)

To investigate the transcriptional mechanisms of rice tungro bacilliform virus, we have systematically analyzed an activator element located immediately upstream of the TATA box in the rice tungro bacilliform virus promoter and its cognate trans-acting factors. Using electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we showed that rice nuclear proteins bind to the activator element, forming multiple specific DNA-protein complexes via protein-protein interactions. Copper-phenanthroline footprinting and DNA methylation interference analysis indicated that multiple DNA-protein complexes share a common binding site located between positions -60 to -39, and the proteins contact the activator element in the major groove. DNA UV cross-linking assays further showed that two nuclear proteins (36 and 33 kDa), found in rice cell suspension and shoot nuclear extracts, and one (27 kDa), present in root nuclear extracts, bind to this activator element. In protoplasts derived from a rice (Oryza sativa) suspension culture, the activator element is a prerequisite for promoter activity and its function is critically dependent on its position relative to the TATA box. Thus, transcriptional activation may function via interactions with the basal transcriptional machinery, and we propose that this activation is mediated by protein-protein interactions in a position-dependent mechanism.  (+info)

The complexities of genome analysis, the Retroid agent perspective. (7/33)

MOTIVATION: The sequences of Retroid agents from a wide diversity of organisms constitute the largest set of complete genomes currently available for the study of genomic architecture and the transfer of information within and between organisms. These agents are ubiquitous in Eukaryotes, comprising 50-90% of the genomic information in some cases. RESULTS: Analyses conducted for over a decade illustrate that Retroid agents are engaged in a wide spectrum of molecular evolutionary events. A description of these complexities is presented as a three parameter conceptual framework that considers type, size, and mechanism of events that contribute to the evolution of genes, genomes, and organisms. The results of new data mining studies further illustrate the complexity of the network of relationships among and between Retroid agents and other organisms. A hidden Markov model construction strategy is presented that generates a multiple alignment more similar to those refined by human experts. CONTACT: [email protected] edu  (+info)

Sequence-specific and methylation-dependent and -independent binding of rice nuclear proteins to a rice tungro bacilliform virus vascular bundle expression element. (8/33)

Nuclear proteins from rice (Oryza sativa) were identified that bind specifically to a rice tungro bacilliform virus promoter region containing a vascular bundle expression element (VBE). One set of proteins of 29, 33, and 37 kDa, present in shoot and cell suspension extracts but hardly detectable in root extracts, bound to a site containing the sequence AGAAGGACCAGA within the VBE, which also contains two CpG and one CpNpG potential methylation motifs. Binding by these proteins was determined to be cytosine methylation-independent. However, a novel protein present in all analyzed extracts bound specifically to the methylated VBE. A region of at least 49 nucleotides overlapping the VBE and complete cytosine methylation of the three Cp(Np)G motifs was required for efficient binding of this methylated VBE-binding protein (MVBP).  (+info)

Read Upstream and downstream sequence elements determine the specificity of the rice tungro bacilliform virus promoter and influence RNA production after transcription initiation, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) is a pararetrovirus, and a member of the family Caulimoviridae in the genus Badnavirus. RTBV has a long open reading frame that encodes a large polyprotein (P3). Pararetroviruses show similarities with retroviruses in molecular organization and replication. P3 contains a putative movement protein (MP), the capsid protein (CP), the aspartate protease (PR) and the reverse transcriptase (RT) with a ribonuclease H activity. PR is a member of the cluster of retroviral proteases and serves to proteolytically process P3. Previous work established the N- and C-terminal amino acid sequences of CP and RT, processing of RT by PR, and estimated the molecular mass of PR by western blot assays. A molecular mass of a protein that was associated with virions was determined by in-line HPLC electrospray ionization mass spectral analysis. Comparison with retroviral proteases amino acid sequences allowed the characterization of a putative protease domain in this protein. Structural
ID EU908855; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; VRL; 543 BP. XX AC EU908855; XX DT 10-JUL-2009 (Rel. 101, Created) DT 10-JUL-2009 (Rel. 101, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Musa acuminata endogenous badnavirus clone FP20 polyprotein gene, partial DE cds. XX KW . XX OS Musa acuminata endogenous badnavirus OC Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Badnavirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-543 RX DOI; 10.1007/s00239-009-9253-2. RX PUBMED; 19517051. RA Gayral P., Iskra-Caruana M.L.; RT Phylogeny of Banana Streak Virus reveals recent and repetitive RT endogenization in the genome of its banana host (Musa sp.); RL J. Mol. Evol. 69(1):65-80(2009). XX RN [2] RP 1-543 RA Gayral P., Iskra-Caruana M.-L.; RT ; RL Submitted (17-JUL-2008) to the INSDC. RL UMR BGPI, CIRAD BIOS, TA A-54 /K Campus International de Baillarguet, RL Montpellier, Cedex 5 34398, France XX DR MD5; c27bb35197e335bf5f59031626d15c51. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..543 FT /organism=Musa acuminata endogenous badnavirus FT ...
ID FJ594893; SV 1; linear; genomic DNA; STD; VRL; 601 BP. XX AC FJ594893; XX DT 17-FEB-2009 (Rel. 99, Created) DT 17-FEB-2009 (Rel. 99, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Banana streak virus isolate 15 ORFIII polyprotein gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Banana streak virus OC Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Badnavirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-601 RA He Y., Li H.; RT The RT/RNase H region of banana streak virus; RL Unpublished. XX RN [2] RP 1-601 RA He Y., Li H.; RT ; RL Submitted (24-DEC-2008) to the INSDC. RL College of Natural Resources, South China Agricultural University, Wushan RL Road, Tianhe Block, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China XX DR MD5; 3d076a1d09254cb9e6db6c99f267f13f. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..601 FT /organism=Banana streak virus FT /host=Musa balbisiana FT /isolate=15 FT /mol_type=genomic DNA FT /country=China:South China FT /collection_date=Jul-2006 FT /db_xref=taxon:69577 FT CDS ...
Literature Cited. 1. Adams, M. J., Antoniw, J. F., Bar-Joseph, M., Brunt, A. A., Candresse, T., Foster, G. D., Martelli, G. P., Milne, R. G., and Fauquet, C. M. 2004. The new plant virus family Flexiviridae and assessment of molecular criteria for species demarcation. Arch Virol. 149:1045-1060.. 2. Ahlawat, Y. S., Pant, R. P., Lockhart, B. E. L., Srivastava, M., Chakraborty, N. K., and Varma, A. 1996. Association of a badnavirus with citrus mosaic disease in India. Plant Dis. 80:590-590.. 3. Amico, L. A., O Shea, M. T., Castello, J. D., and Hibben, C. R. 1985. Transmission of tobacco mosaic and tobacco ringspot viruses from Moraine ash in New York. Plant Dis. 69:542.. 4. Bricker, J. S., and Stutz, J. C. 2004. Phytoplasmas associated with ash decline. J. Arboric. 30:193-199.. 5. Casalicchio, G. 1965. La punteggiatura cloronecrotica de Fragsino maggiore. Monti Boschi 16:39-46.. 6. Castello, J. D., Amico, L. A., and O Shea, M. T. 1984. Detection of Tobacco mosaic and Tobacco ringspot viruses in ...
Cell stress activates signaling pathways, allowing cells to choose between survival and apoptosis. Translation plays a critical role in balancing this choice by allowing for rapid and physiologically responsive changes in de novo gene expression. The steady-state abundance of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis 2 (cIAP2) is increased in response to various cell stresses. This modular protein contains baculoviral IAP repeat (BIR) motifs and ubiquitin protein ligase (E3) activity, which allows it to bind directly to caspases and to modulate activation of the transcription factor, nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). The messenger RNA (mRNA) encoding cIAP2 is a large 5.5-kb transcript, with a highly structured 5′ untranslated region (5′UTR) also containing 64 upstream initiation codons ahead of the true start codon. cIAP2 employs an unusual cap-dependent mechanism of ribosome shunting to bypass the majority of the inhibitory elements in the 5′UTR, a mechanism first described for plant pararetroviruses. ...
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Caulimoviridae is a family of viruses. Plants and insects serve as natural hosts. There are currently 53 species in this family, divided among 8 genera. Viruses belonging to the Caulimoviridae family are termed DNA reverse-transcribing viruses (or pararetroviruses) i.e. viruses that contain a reverse transcription stage in their replication cycle. This family contains all plant viruses that consist of a double-stranded DNA genome that has a reverse transcribing phase in its lifecycle. Group: dsDNA-RT Order: Unassigned Family: Caulimoviridae Genus: Badnavirus Aglaonema bacilliform virus Banana streak GF virus Banana streak IM virus Banana streak MY virus Banana streak OL virus Banana streak UA virus Banana streak UI virus Banana streak UL virus Banana streak UM virus Banana streak VN virus Bougainvillea chlorotic vein banding virus Cacao swollen shoot virus Canna yellow mottle virus Citrus yellow mosaic virus Commelina yellow mottle virus Dioscorea bacilliform AL virus Dioscorea bacilliform SN ...
Predisposing factors of Rice Tungro DiseaseFactors for the development of Rice Tungro Disease1. The outbreak of rice tungro disease is the result of several factors like availability of virus source (primary inoculum), presence of host susceptible to both virus and vector, right growth stage of the host, availability of vectors and favourable climatic conditions.2. Shortage of irrigation water may also promote tungro incidence because farmers are forced to plant asynchronously.Rice Tungro Virus1. Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) is a reverse-transcribing DNA virus which, in association with an RNA virus, Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV) develops Rice tungro disease.
Our lab is interested in studying the genomes of viruses infecting crops, their interactions with plant hosts and their use in the expression and silencing of plant genes. Our studies with viruses infecting rice have shown that out of the two viruses causing the Rice tungro disease, Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) exists as a distinct sub-group in India when compared with Southeast Asia (Nath et al., 2002), whereas Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV), the second virus, is highly similar between India and Southeast Asian regions (Verma and Dasgupta, 2007). We have developed a number of rice lines containing genes derived from RTBV and RTSV with a view to engineer resistance against this dreaded disease. Some of the selected lines are being taken forward for back-crossing the desired genes to elite varieties of rice suited to different agro-ecological zones of India by research collaborators based in Tamilnadu and West Bengal. The use of novel plant lectins to control rice pests and the viral ...
Al-Kuwaiti, N.A., Maruthi, M.N. and Seal, S.E. (2016) Molecular characterization of potyviruses infecting potato and vegetables in Iraq. Journal of Plant Pathology: An International Journal of the Italian Phytopathological Society, 98 (3). ISSN 1125-4653 (doi:/10.4454/JPP.V98I3.029) Arnold, Sarah, Stevenson, Philip and Belmain, Steven (2016) Shades of yellow: interactive effects of visual and odour cues in a pest beetle. PeerJ, 4:e2219. ISSN 2376-5992 (Print), 2167-8359 (Online) (doi:10.7717/peerj.2219) Bömer, Moritz, Turaki, Aliyu A., Silva, Gonçalo, Kumar, P. Lava and Seal, Susan E. (2016) A sequence-independent strategy for amplification and characterisation of episomal badnavirus sequences reveals three previously uncharacterised yam badnaviruses. Viruses, 8:188. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1999-4915 (Print), 1999-4915 (Online) (doi:10.3390/v8070188) Cheke, R. A., Young, S. and Garms, R. (2016) Inverse density dependence of parity rates in the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. Medical and ...
Phytopathology 101:1081-1090...Phytopathology 101:1081-1090...Association of a Novel DNA Virus with the Grapevine Vein-Clearing and Vine Decline Syndrome...Yu Zhang, Kashmir Singh, Ravneet Kaur, and Wenping Qiu...
Cassava vein mosaic virus (CVMV) was found to be widespread throughout the north-eastern region of Brazil. The complete sequence of CVMV was determined, and the genome was 8158 bp in size. A cytosolic initiator methionine tRNA (tRNAmet i)-binding site that probably acts as a primer for minus-strand synthesis was present. The genome contained five open reading frames that potentially encode proteins with predicted molecular masses of 186 kDa, 9 kDa, 77 kDa, 24 kDa and 26 kDa. The putative 186 kDa protein had regions with similarity to the zinc finger-like RNA-binding domain that is a common element in the capsid proteins and similarity to the intercellular transport domain of the plant pararetroviruses. The predicted 77 kDa protein had regions with similarity to aspartic proteases, reverse transcriptase and RNase H of pararetroviruses. This gene order was confirmed by the amplification of similar PCR products from total DNA extracted from CVMV-infected cassava plants. The genomic organization of CVMV was
Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is a member of the genus Caulimovirus, one of the six genera in the Caulimoviridae family, which are pararetroviruses that infect plants. Pararetroviruses replicate through reverse transcription just like retroviruses, but the viral particles contain DNA instead of RNA. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is the type species of the family Caulimoviridae. This family is grouped together with Hepadnaviruses into the Pararetrovirus group due to its mode of replication via reverse transcription of a pre-genomic RNA intermediate. CaMV infects mostly plants of the Brassicaceae family (such as cauliflower and turnip) but some CaMV strains (D4 and W260) are also able to infect Solanaceae species of the genera Datura and Nicotiana. CaMV induces a variety of systemic symptoms such as mosaic, necrotic lesions on leaf surfaces, stunted growth, and deformation of the overall plant structure. The symptoms exhibited vary depending on the viral strain, host ecotype, and environmental ...
RTBV has bacilliform particles of 30 nm diameter and usually about 130 nm length (Fig. 2). However, in some isolates longer particles in excess of 300 nm are found. The structure of the particles is based on a T 3 icosahedron cut across its threefold axis with the tubular portion being made up of rings of hexamer subunits and a repeat distance of about 10 nm. The particles have an S2ow of approximately 200 and a buoyant density in cesium chloride of approximately 1.36 g ml-1. Figure 2 Electron.... ...
bacillary definition: 1. rod-shaped; bacilliform 2. consisting of rodlike structures 3. of, like, characterized by, or caused by bacilliAlso ba·cil′lar Origin of bacillaryModern Latin bacillarius: see bacillus...
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The receptor for the wilt-inducing phytotoxin fusicoccin was purified to homogeneity from plasma membranes of Commelina communis as a complex with the radioligand [3H]9-nor-8-hydroxyfusicoccin. The preparation consisted of two polypeptides with apparent molecular masses of 30.5 kDa and 31.5 kDa an …
1. Ammar, E. D., Gingery, R. E., and Nault, L. R. 1993. Cytopathology and ultrastructure of mild and severe strains of Maize chlorotic dwarf virus in maize and Johnsongrass. Can. J. Bot. 71:718-724.. 2. Ammar, E. D., Gordon, D. T., and Nault, L. R. 1987. Ultrastructure of Maize chlorotic dwarf virus-infected maize and viruliferous leafhopper vectors. Phytopathology 77:1743-1743.. 3. Ammar, E. D., and Nault, L. R. 1991. Maize chlorotic dwarf virus-like particles associated with the foregut in vector and nonvector leafhopper species. Phytopathology 81:444-448.. 4. Angeles, E. R., and Khush, G. S. 2000. Genetic analysis of resistance to green leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens (Distant), in three varieties of rice. Plant Breed. 119:446-448.. 5. Azzam, O., and Chancellor, T. C. B. 2002. The biology, epidemiology, and management of rice tungro disease in Asia. Plant Dis. 86:88-100.. 6. Azzam, O., Yambao, M. L. M., Muhsin, M., McNally, K. L., and Umadhay, K. M. L. 2000. Genetic diversity of Rice tungro ...
Thallus 3-10 cm wide, adnate, dichotomously lobate. Lobes radiating, discrete to ±contiguous, plane to slightly convex or concave, 0.4-0.8 mm wide, subrotund to truncate at the apices. Upper surface white to yellowish white, pale yellow-brown or grey, patchily pruinose; pruina glistening; dactyls and isidia absent. Pseudocyphellae usually retricted to the margins, rarely laminal or becoming reticulately confluent, often developing into soralia. Soralia marginal and laminal, orbicular to linear, ±coalescing into extensive patches; soredia granular. Medulla uniformly white. Lower surface black in the centre, paler towards the periphery; rhizines ±dense, furcate. Apothecia rare, cocoes-type, 0.4-1.4 mm wide; disc epruinose. Internal stipe distinct, reddish brown in the upper part and K+ purple, P-; lower part white, K-, P-. Ascospores 15-18 × 6-7 μm. Conidia bacilliform, 3-4 × c. 1 μm ...
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Yes, apparently birth is just the start of a lifelong series of hazards that are poised to attack and kill your baby when you least expect it. First of all, the hospital will not let you leave until you can produce some sort of approved baby car seat, which leaves me more than a little flummoxed as I was planning on taking the baby home on the tube. Will I have to prove I can hold the baby effectively so that it doesnt slip onto the electrified tracks? Or demonstrate perfect pram-pushing skills to show that I can mind the gap? Then, as if this were not alarming enough, babies can drown in an inch of water in less than a minute (beautifully illustrated by a distressed mother interrupting her childs bath to answer the phone and then having to run back to dramatically rescue the child), they can be scalded by any water hotter than about 2 degrees celsius and if you accidentally breathe in some cigarette smoke in the street (which I do a lot, by the way, and end up walking around with my scarf ...
This investigation looks at the function of stomata in transpiration, with a focus on how osmosis and the state of turgor in guard cells affects the opening and closing of stomata. It will also develop students microscope skills.
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Although it sounds very strange, there are specific problems which bananas solve better than pills. The banana is not only tasty, but it is also good for our health because it contains a big amount of vitamins, proteins and other nutrients.. Recent studies have shown that bananas are not only good for our health, but they also increase the force of the body and control the female period, because they are good for the health.. Considering their amount of fibers, bananas protect us of diseases.. Here are the 10 problems that bananas will solve better than some pills:. ...
Going Banana. Going Bananas Bananas... This is very interesting. After Reading THIS, youll NEVER look at a banana in the same way again - Bananas....
Bananas contain about 23 to 30 grams of carbohydrates, including some fiber. A small banana has approximately 23.1 grams, a medium-sized banana contains approximately 27 grams and a large banana...
Rice (Oryza spp.) has long been an important food staple for many traditional rice growing communities. Key developments in efforts to improve rice production such as the development of NERICA varieties have been widely recognised. Nonetheless, emerging diseases such as the Rice Yellow Mottle Virus sobemovirus (RYMV) undermine dissemination of new technologies and sustained productivity of the crop. The RYMV is highly variable and several resistance-breaking strains have been identified. Appropriate sources of resistance to RYMV should be identified and characterised in order to pyramid genes for both complete and partial resistance. In this study, reaction of nine (9) rice cultivars to RYMV virulent strain in Uganda was determined. Four upland and three lowland NERICA varieties, an O. Sativa lowland variety, Gigante and IR64 were observed. Isolates of RYMV were collected from three hot-spots in Uganda (Lira, Luweero and Iganga). The isolate from Iganga was most virulent on RYMV susceptible ...
A panel of four monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) was used to study the immunological profile of Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) genus Sobemovirus. Serological profiles of 35 representative isolates of RYMV from Borno, Gombe, Kaduna, Kano, Niger, Sokoto and Zamfara states in Northern Nigeria. All the RYMV isolates were classified into three major serogroups (SG1, SG2 and SG3) and further separated into six subgroups (Sg1a, Sg1b, Sg2a, Sg2b, Sg3a and Sg3b). The results demonstrate a significant serological variability among RYMV isolates in Northern Nigeria. The hierarchical analysis of the serological profiles data revealed high viral load in Kano, Kaduna and Gombe states, these show they are suitable locations for strategic RYMV diagnostic and field epidemiological studies
Archaeal viruses have evolved to infect hosts often thriving in extreme conditions such as high temperatures. However, there is a paucity of information on archaeal virion structures, genome packaging, and determinants of temperature resistance. The rod-shaped virus APBV1 (Aeropyrum pernix bacilliform virus 1) is among the most thermostable viruses known; it infects a hyperthermophile Aeropyrum pernix, which grows optimally at 90 °C. Here we report the structure of APBV1, determined by cryo-electron microscopy at near-atomic resolution. Tight packing of the major virion glycoprotein (VP1) is ensured by extended hydrophobic interfaces, and likely contributes to the extreme thermostability of the helical capsid. The double-stranded DNA is tightly packed in the capsid as a left-handed superhelix and held in place by the interactions with positively charged residues of VP1. The assembly is closed by specific capping structures at either end, which we propose to play a role in DNA packing and delivery.
Genetic variation of leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens Distant active transmitters from endemic and non endemic areas of rice tungro disease based on RAPD marker. Leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
We previously reported that coronatine, a virulence factor of plant bacteria, facilitates bacterial infection through an ER (endoplasmic reticulum)-mediated, non-canonical mechanism in the model dicot plant, Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we report that this same ER-mechanism is ubiquitous among dicots and mono Celebrating Excellence in Research: 100 Women of Chemistry
Thallus: foliose, single lobed attached by a single umbilicus and with 14-60 mm wide lobes upper surface: gray, with epinecral layer consisting of air filled hyphae upper cortex: 130-240 µm thick with the outermost 10-20 µm brown medulla: 180-350 µm thick lower cortex: 90-110 µm thick with the outermost 15-40 µm brown, the lower cortex cells are angular and in distinct vertical columns, uneven lower surface were 2-4 cell rows thick outgrowths cause the farinose lower surface of the species lower surface: brown, farinose and often reticulate, occasionally with rhizinomorphs Perithecia: obpyriform to almost globose, 200-530 x 170-440 µm, primarily with a hyaline exciple that is light brown to brown in the uppermost part, rarely hyaline throughout asci: clavate or cylindrical, 8spored ascospores: simple, hyaline, 12-17 x 5-9 µm Pycnidia: not found in Sonoran material, elsewhere immersed, ostiolum similar to that of the perithecium conidia: bacilliform, 4-6 x 1 µm Spot tests: all negative ...
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Many owners wonder, can I give my dog bananas? In this article on bananas for dogs, we discuss: can dogs eat bananas, benefits and side effects.
So apparently Ive been opening bananas the wrong way FOREVER! Do you know the proper way to open a banana? This video promptly led to a
Many women are little doubtful about eating banana during breastfeeding. So, before you start panicking, lets look at how bananas can affect breastfeeding moms!
chiquitabanana.jpg She will, however, deliver those bananas in the GWONT (Glorious World of Next Tuesday) when she runs for President of the United States, when ...
I know i must be driving everyone crazy by now with all the posts but i have another question, Rebel loves bananas, is it ok to give him some for a sn
Hi Ladies Just popping in to say hi :) Im Fran from Gloucester, 35 (36 by time oor wee Banana makes an appearance) and Im ... Read more on Netmums
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Thallus: peltate, scattered, individual thalli up to 22 mm in diam., often lobate; margin: undulate upper surface: gray, pruinose, spot-like soredia: farinose, black, marginal, rarely occurring upper cortex: with numerous air spaces, 4.5-13 µm thick and with an epinecral layer (7-18 µm thick) medulla: composed of loosely interwoven hyphae with elongated cells (2-3.6 µm thick); algal layer: clearly delimited above, 55-100 µm thick lower cortex: paraplectenchymatous, 24-37 µm thick, composed of 3 (rarely 4) rows of hexagonal cells (4.5-7.5 µm in diam.), in 4-5 rows lower surface: pale orange-brown, attached by an umbilicus Apothecia: rare (only one found in material from Sinaloa), one to presumably several, immersed with an orange colored; disc: slightly protruding when mature asci: obclavate, I- (but the material was to scanty to be sure!) ascospores: numerous (>64) in asci, ellipsoid to bacilliform, 4.4-8 x 2.9-4.4 µm Pycnidia: not observed Spot tests: all negative Secondary metabolites: ...
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There are around 100 calories in a banana. This value refers to the medium banana calories. Larger bananas will have higher calories and smaller bananas will have lower calories.
Does your family like bananas as much as mine does? I try to buy the greenest bananas I can find at the store but it still seems like they always turn brown before I am able to eat them. I have been making banana bread for years with the less desirable ones. But I got to wondering what I could do if I FROZE the bananas before they turn brown. Here are some tips. ...
The banana is perhaps the oldest recorded fruit in the world as well as the most consumed. But some dieters avoid bananas like a slippery peel. Are bananas unhe
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Wondering whether bananas are good for you? From supporting your heart health to fuelling your workouts, here are 12 evidence-based banana benefits.
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I have duplicates of several other, more common pets as well that I have stored in my bank. Just contact me regarding which ones you are after ...
If you are someone who loves bananas, then you should pay attention the next time you decide to buy some. They are so delicious that its hard to resist
The virus is a badnavirus within the family Caulimoviridae. Eradication of infected trees has been the most widely used means ...
Genus Badnavirus. *Genus Caulimovirus (mit Species Blumenkohlmosaikvirus, en. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV )) ...
Known species of virus are: Canna yellow mottle badnavirus (CYMV) infecting canna species. Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) ...
Stilbocarpa mosaic bacilliform badnavirus (SMBV) from Macquarie Island". Polar Biology. 26 (1): 1-7. doi:10.1007/s00300-002- ...
... (BSV) is a name given to various plant viruses in the genus Badnavirus. Banana streak was first identified ...
ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: Kalanchoë top-spotting badnavirus Family Groups - The Baltimore Method v t e. ...
The following genera are recognized: Badnavirus Caulimovirus Cavemovirus Dioscovirus Petuvirus Rosadnavirus Solendovirus ...
... a putative species of virus in the genus Badnavirus. Aucuba japonica was introduced into England in 1783 by Philip Miller's ...
Avsunviroid Avunavirus Axomammavirus Ayakvirus Ayaqvirus Babusatellite Babuvirus Bacillarnavirus Badaguanvirus Badnavirus ...
Feline leukemia virus Feline morbillivirus Felipivirus A Ferak feravirus Festuca leaf streak cytorhabdovirus Fig badnavirus 1 ... afrigant Mucambo virus Mud crab virus Muikkunen hartmanivirus Muir barhavirus Mukawa phlebovirus Mulberry badnavirus 1 Mulberry ... Algerian latent virus Grapevine Anatolian ringspot virus Grapevine asteroid mosaic associated virus Grapevine badnavirus 1 ... 1 Wiseana signata nucleopolyhedrovirus Wissadula golden mosaic virus Wissadula yellow mosaic virus Wisteria badnavirus 1 ...
... Genus: Badnavirus - Caulimoviridae - Reverse Transcribing DNA and RNA Viruses - International Committee on Taxonomy ... Badnavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae order Ortervirales. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Genus: Badnavirus - Caulimoviridae - Reverse Transcribing DNA and RNA Viruses - ... virus Taro bacilliform CH virus Taro bacilliform virus Wisteria badnavirus 1 Yacon necrotic mottle virus Viruses in Badnavirus ...
Talk:Badnavirus. *Talk:Bafinivirus. *Talk:Balapiravir. *Talk:Bamboo mosaic virus. *Talk:Bamboo mosaic virus satellite RNA cis- ...
Badnavirus Genus: Badnavirus - Caulimoviridae - Reverse Transcribing DNA and RNA Viruses - International Committee on Taxonomy ... Badnavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae order Ortervirales. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Genus: Badnavirus - Caulimoviridae - Reverse Transcribing DNA and RNA Viruses - ... virus Taro bacilliform CH virus Taro bacilliform virus Wisteria badnavirus 1 Yacon necrotic mottle virus Viruses in Badnavirus ...
Virion Structure of a Badnavirus. The virions of a badnavirus consist of a capsid that is not enveloped. The capsid is ... Badnavirus. From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource. Revision as of 19:01, 14 June 2006 by Chochu444. (talk ... Reproduction Cycle of a Badnavirus in a Host Cell. Viral Ecology & Pathology. References. ... Viruses; Retro-transcribing viruses; Caulimoviridae; Badnavirus Species. Banana streak GF virus, Banana streak OL virus, ...
Staff publications is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research. Staff publications contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.. Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.. Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.. We have a manual that explains all the features ...
"Sequence analysis of an Australian isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest ... A badnavirus was first purified from the variety Mex 57-473 by Lockhart and ... Sequence analysis of an Australian isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus. Geijskes, R. J.; Braithwaite, K. S.; Dale, J. L ... Sequence analysis of an Australian isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus Geijskes, R. J.; Braithwaite, K. S.; Dale, J. L ...
"Exploring the genetic diversity and molecular evolution of fig badnavirus-1 from Iran, Journal of Plant Pathology" on DeepDyve ... Incidence and distribution of fig badnavirus 1 and mulberry badnavirus 1 on mulberry trees in Iran ... Exploring the genetic diversity and molecular evolution of fig badnavirus-1 from Iran. Alishiri, Athar; Rakhshandehroo, Farshad ... Exploring the genetic diversity and molecular evolution of fig badnavirus-1 from Iran. Exploring the genetic diversity and ...
A previously undescribed badnavirus was identified in plants of Polyscias fruticosa (Ming aralia) showing symptoms of mild ... A previously undescribed badnavirus was identified in plants of Polyscias fruticosa (Ming aralia) showing symptoms of mild ... Based on the ICTV species demarcation criteria for the genus Badnavirus (more than 20% nucleotide sequence divergence in the RT ... Complete genome sequence of a previously undescribed badnavirus occurring in Polyscias fruticosa L. (Ming aralia). Zeitschrift: ...
Genus Badnavirus. *Genus Caulimovirus (mit Species Blumenkohlmosaikvirus, en. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV )) ...
Badnavirus. Genus. Tungrovirus. Family. Hepadnaviridae. Genus. Orthohepadnavirus. Genus. Avihepadnavirus. Family. Metaviridae. ...
Badnavirus:. Commelina yellow mottle virus. Plants. Caulimovirus:. cauliflower mosaic virus. Plants. Hepadnaviridae:. ...
Genus: Badnavirus Species: Piper yellow mottle virus Name[edit]. Piper yellow mottle virus ...
Unusual genomic features of a badnavirus infecting mulberry.. Chiumenti M, Morelli M, De Stradis A, Elbeaino T, Stavolone L, ...
Title: Characterization and detection of a new badnavirus infecting Epiphyllum spp Author. LAN, PINGXIU - Yunnan Agricultural ... Characterization and detection of a new badnavirus infecting Epiphyllum spp. Archives of Virology. https://doi.org/10.1007/ ...
Harper, G., Osuji, J.O., Heslop-Harrison, P. Hull, R. (1999). Integration of banana streak badnavirus into the Musa genome : ...
Badnavirus. Bicaudaviridae. Birnaviridae. Bromoviridae. Bromovirus. Bunyaviridae. Caulimoviridae. Caulimovirus. Circovirus. ...
The virus is a badnavirus within the family Caulimoviridae. Eradication of infected trees has been the most widely used means ...
Pathogen name: Canna yellow mottle virus, Genus Badnavirus. APS publication number: IW000089 ...
Ndowora, T., Dahal, G., LaFleur, D., Harper, G., Hull, R., Olszerski, N.E. and Lockhart, B. (1999). Evidence that badnavirus ...
Association of a badnavirus with citrus mosaic disease in India. Plant Dis. 80:590-590. ...
Badnavirus Citrus Yellow Mosaic Virus Pest Info Laurel wilt Raffaelea lauricola Pest Info , NAPIS Maps ...
Integration of banana streak badnavirus into theMusagenome: molecular and cytogenetic evidence. G Harper, JO Osuji, JSP Heslop- ...
Based on the badnavirus species cutoff established by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, at ,80% pairwise ... Technical Abstract: Cacao swollen shoot virus (CSSV) [Badnavirus, Caulimoviridae] causes swollen shoot disease of Theobroma ...
Rice tungro virus (Rice tungro bacilliform badnavirus; Rice tungro spherical waikavirus). *Rice yellow mottle sobemovirus ...
Incidence and distribution of fig badnavirus 1 and mulberry badnavirus 1 on mulberry trees in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology ... Occurrence of fig Badnavirus 1 in fig trees from different countries and in symptomless seedlings. Journal of Plant Pathology. ... First report of Fig mosaic virus and Fig badnavirus 1 on common fig trees in Croatia. Journal of Plant Pathology. 97 ( ... Prevalence and phylogenetic analysis of Fig mosaic virus and Fig badnavirus-1 in Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 56 ...
A new Badnavirus species detected in Bougainvillea in Brazil. J. Genet. Plant Pathol., 71: 438-440.. Rybicki, E.P. and F.L. ...
Sequence analysis of an Australian isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus. Arch Virol 147:2393-2404CrossRefPubMedCentral ...
The proposed new species, cacao red vein virus, and three previously recognized badnavirus species are associated with cacao ...
... and characterization of a Badnavirus infecting betel vine and Indian long pepper. J Pl Biochem Biotechnol 2008, 17(1), 73-6. ...
Tzafrir I, Torbert KA, Lockhart BE, Somers DA, Olszewski NE (1998) The sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus promoter is active in ...
  • Badnavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Caulimoviridae order Ortervirales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the genus Badnavirus , these viruses were most closely related to schefflera ringspot virus (SRV), sharing 63% identity at the nucleotide level. (springermedizin.de)
  • Based on the ICTV species demarcation criteria for the genus Badnavirus (more than 20% nucleotide sequence divergence in the RT+RNase H region), the Polyscias virus is proposed to be a new member of the genus, and the name polyscias mosaic virus (PoMV) is proposed. (springermedizin.de)
  • Genus Tequatrovirus ( T4virus , T4-ähnliche Viren , en. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is pronounced antigenic variability within species in the genus Badnavirus . (ictvonline.org)
  • A DNA virus belonging to the genus Badnavirus , family Caulimoviridae , was recently detected in grapevine by deep sequencing ( 8 ), but this is the first report of a geminivirus sequence in grapevine. (asm.org)
  • Recently has been identified the first plant pararetrovirus of Badnavirus genus in a Gymnosperm. (gydb.org)
  • The genome of CLNV contains the three Open reading frames (ORFs I, II, III) characteristic of Badnavirus genus which potentially encoded proteins with molecular masses similar to those of the corresponding proteins of other badnavirus species. (gydb.org)
  • Since the first discovery of badnaviruses (family Caulimoviridae , genus Badnavirus ) in yam ( Dioscorea spp. (bio-protocol.org)
  • Until recently,Cucumber mosaic virus (genus Cucumovirus) and Banana streak virus (genus Badnavirus) were the onlyviruses reported to occur in Musa spp. (cgiar.org)
  • The virus is a badnavirus within the family Caulimoviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cacao swollen shoot virus (CSSV) [Badnavirus, Caulimoviridae] causes swollen shoot disease of Theobroma cacao L. in West Africa. (usda.gov)
  • Grapevine vein clearing virus (GVCV) is a new badnavirus in the family Caulimoviridae that is closely associated with an emerging vine decline and vein-clearing disease in the Midwest region of the United States. (missouristate.edu)
  • Sequence analysis of an Australian isolate of sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus Geijskes, R. J. (deepdyve.com)
  • Characteristic bacilliform virions of the Polyscias badnavirus averaging 30 × 120 nm in size were observed by transmission electron microscopy in partially purified leaf tissue extracts from symptomatic but not asymptomatic plants collected in the USA and Nigeria. (springermedizin.de)
  • Three promoters, the 35S promoter from cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV), the cassava vein mosaic virus (CsVMV) promoter, and the sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus (ScBV) promoter were each fused to the β-glucuronidase (gusA) gene. (umn.edu)
  • The sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus promoter is active in both monocots and dicots. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Shams-Bakhsh, Masoud 2018-06-06 00:00:00 Complete genome sequences of five fig badnavirus-1 (FBV-1) isolates from different geographic origins in Iran were obtained from infected fig plants using conventional sequencing of overlapping PCR fragment with appropriate primers. (deepdyve.com)
  • Aliyu Turaki (2014) Are endogenous pararetrovirus sequences in yam genomes activatable and responsible for widespread badnavirus infections in West African yams? (nri.org)
  • The genome of African yam ( Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata complex ) hosts endogenous sequences from four distinct badnavirus species. (cirad.fr)
  • In addition, badnavirus sequences have been found to be integrated in the yam genome. (iita.org)
  • 2017). Here, we describe the step-by-step protocol to screen yam germplasm for badnavirus infections using RCA as an efficient research tool in the amplification and characterization of novel badnavirus genomes. (bio-protocol.org)
  • most species in the genera Tungrovirus and Badnavirus are primarily tropical or subtropical with some temperate and sub-Antarctic species whereas most of the species in the genera Petuvirus , Caulimovirus , Soymovirus and Cavemovirus are found in temperate regions. (ictvonline.org)
  • The virus species belonging to the genera Potyvirus and Badnavirus are most widespread. (iita.org)
  • The inconceivable tissue expression: is it alternative to find an alive test of genetic yellow transgenic species transgenic that the badnavirus between trustworthy genes in the thickening expresses bounded? (keulinchen.de)
  • Scheme of the rolling circle amplification (RCA) method described in this protocol for the selective detection of episomal badnavirus genomes. (bio-protocol.org)
  • 101, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Musa acuminata endogenous badnavirus clone FP20 polyprotein gene, partial DE cds. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • 543 FT /organism="Musa acuminata endogenous badnavirus" FT /host="Musa acuminata cv. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Lockhart BEL, Olszewski N (1993) Serological and genomic heterogeneity of banana streak badnavirus: implications for virus detection in Musa. (springermedizin.de)
  • Two viruses naturally infect Musa in Nigeria: banana streak badnavirus (BSV) and cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV). (iita.org)
  • 2017). This led to the amplification and characterisation of several new full-length yam badnavirus genomes. (bio-protocol.org)
  • no sgRNAs have been reported for genera Petuvirus , Soymovirus , Cavemovirus and Badnavirus . (ictvonline.org)
  • This discovery helped establish a new virus group, the badnavirus group, which has been recognized by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. (apsnet.org)
  • Ten different viruses were detected including sweet potato badnavirus and sweet potato symptomless virus which have not been previously reported in the country. (africabiosciences.org)
  • Le Banana streak virus (BSV), du genre Badnavirus presente une structuration polyphyletique en trois clades bien distincts. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Lockhart BEL, Kiratiya-Angul K, Jones P et al (1997) Identification of Piper yellow mottle virus, a mealybug-transmitted badnavirus infecting Piper spp. (springermedizin.de)
  • Unusual genomic features of a badnavirus infecting mulberry. (nih.gov)
  • In addition, a putative new RYNV-like badnavirus was detected in Rubus spp. (ajman.ac.ae)
  • A previously undescribed badnavirus was identified in plants of Polyscias fruticosa (Ming aralia) showing symptoms of mild mosaic and leaf senescence. (springermedizin.de)