Bacteroides Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus BACTEROIDES.Bacteroides: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are normal inhabitants of the oral, respiratory, intestinal, and urogenital cavities of humans, animals, and insects. Some species may be pathogenic.Abortion, Septic: Any type of abortion, induced or spontaneous, that is associated with infection of the UTERUS and its appendages. It is characterized by FEVER, uterine tenderness, and foul discharge.Clindamycin: An antibacterial agent that is a semisynthetic analog of LINCOMYCIN.Bacteroides fragilis: Gram-negative bacteria occurring in the lower intestinal tracts of man and other animals. It is the most common species of anaerobic bacteria isolated from human soft tissue infections.Prevotella melaninogenica: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium has been isolated from the mouth, urine, feces, and infections of the mouth, soft tissue, respiratory tract, urogenital tract, and intestinal tract. It is pathogenic, but usually in association with other kinds of organisms.Fusobacterium: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of humans and other animals. No endospores are formed. Some species are pathogenic and occur in various purulent or gangrenous infections.Bacteria, AnaerobicEndocarditis, Bacterial: Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.Bacteremia: The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.Fusobacterium Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus FUSOBACTERIUM.Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.Meninges: The three membranes that cover the BRAIN and the SPINAL CORD. They are the dura mater, the arachnoid, and the pia mater.Fusobacterium nucleatum: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the gingival margin and sulcus and from infections of the upper respiratory tract and pleural cavity.Fusobacterium necrophorum: A species of gram-negative, non-spore-forming bacteria isolated from the natural cavities of man and other animals and from necrotic lesions, abscesses, and blood.Paronychia: An inflammatory reaction involving the folds of the skin surrounding the fingernail. It is characterized by acute or chronic purulent, tender, and painful swellings of the tissues around the nail, caused by an abscess of the nail fold. The pathogenic yeast causing paronychia is most frequently Candida albicans. Saprophytic fungi may also be involved. The causative bacteria are usually Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or Streptococcus. (Andrews' Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p271)Prevotella: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, nonsporeforming, nonmotile rods. Organisms of this genus had originally been classified as members of the BACTEROIDES genus but overwhelming biochemical and chemical findings in 1990 indicated the need to separate them from other Bacteroides species, and hence, this new genus was established.Lung Abscess: Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the lung parenchyma as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.Prevotella intermedia: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium is a common commensal in the gingival crevice and is often isolated from cases of gingivitis and other purulent lesions related to the mouth.Periodontal Abscess: Localized circumscribed purulent area of inflammation in the periodontal tissue. It is a derivative of marginal periodontitis and commonly associated with suprabony and infrabony pockets and interradicular involvements, in contrast to periapical abscess which is attributable to pulp necrosis.Pneumonia, Aspiration: A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Brain Abscess: A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)Burkina Faso: A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Poly A: A group of adenine ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each adenine ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Fagopyrum: A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is used as an EDIBLE GRAIN. Although the seeds are used as cereal, the plant is not one of the cereal grasses (POACEAE).Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Medical Staff: Professional medical personnel who provide care to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Life Tables: Summarizing techniques used to describe the pattern of mortality and survival in populations. These methods can be applied to the study not only of death, but also of any defined endpoint such as the onset of disease or the occurrence of disease complications.Job Application: Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.Diclofenac: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.Nausea: An unpleasant sensation in the stomach usually accompanied by the urge to vomit. Common causes are early pregnancy, sea and motion sickness, emotional stress, intense pain, food poisoning, and various enteroviruses.Musculoskeletal Pain: Discomfort stemming from muscles, LIGAMENTS, tendons, and bones.Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal: Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting: Emesis and queasiness occurring after anesthesia.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Vomiting: The forcible expulsion of the contents of the STOMACH through the MOUTH.Musculoskeletal System: The MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Arthus Reaction: A dermal inflammatory reaction produced under conditions of antibody excess, when a second injection of antigen produces intravascular antigen-antibody complexes which bind complement, causing cell clumping, endothelial damage, and vascular necrosis.Root Canal Therapy: A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.Apexification: Endodontic procedure performed to induce TOOTH APEX barrier development. ROOT CANAL FILLING MATERIALS are used to repair open apex or DENTAL PULP NECROSIS in an immature tooth. CALCIUM HYDROXIDE and mineral trioxide aggregate are commonly used as the filling materials.Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dentinal Fluid: The lymph or fluid of dentin. It is a transudate of extracellular fluid, mainly cytoplasm of odontoblastic processes, from the dental pulp via the dentinal tubules. It is also called dental lymph. (From Stedman, 26th ed, p665)Dental Pulp Cavity: The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.Dentin Solubility: The susceptibility of the DENTIN to dissolution.Dental High-Speed Equipment: Tools used in dentistry that operate at high rotation speeds.Root Canal Preparation: Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)Ornithine Decarboxylase: A pyridoxal-phosphate protein, believed to be the rate-limiting compound in the biosynthesis of polyamines. It catalyzes the decarboxylation of ornithine to form putrescine, which is then linked to a propylamine moiety of decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine to form spermidine.Solitary Nucleus: GRAY MATTER located in the dorsomedial part of the MEDULLA OBLONGATA associated with the solitary tract. The solitary nucleus receives inputs from most organ systems including the terminations of the facial, glossopharyngeal, and vagus nerves. It is a major coordinator of AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM regulation of cardiovascular, respiratory, gustatory, gastrointestinal, and chemoreceptive aspects of HOMEOSTASIS. The solitary nucleus is also notable for the large number of NEUROTRANSMITTERS which are found therein.AnguillaEels: Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.Metallothionein: A low-molecular-weight (approx. 10 kD) protein occurring in the cytoplasm of kidney cortex and liver. It is rich in cysteinyl residues and contains no aromatic amino acids. Metallothionein shows high affinity for bivalent heavy metals.Trout: Various fish of the family SALMONIDAE, usually smaller than salmon. They are mostly restricted to cool clear freshwater. Some are anadromous. They are highly regarded for their handsome colors, rich well-flavored flesh, and gameness as an angling fish. The genera Salvelinus, Salmo, and ONCORHYNCHUS have been introduced virtually throughout the world.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Flatulence: Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Sulfur-Reducing Bacteria: A group of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria that is able to oxidize acetate completely to carbon dioxide using elemental sulfur as the electron acceptor.Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Lactose Intolerance: The condition resulting from the absence or deficiency of LACTASE in the MUCOSA cells of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, and the inability to break down LACTOSE in milk for ABSORPTION. Bacterial fermentation of the unabsorbed lactose leads to symptoms that range from a mild indigestion (DYSPEPSIA) to severe DIARRHEA. Lactose intolerance may be an inborn error or acquired.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Hydrogen: The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight [1.00784; 1.00811]. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.Drug Overdose: Accidental or deliberate use of a medication or street drug in excess of normal dosage.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Pregnancy, Animal: The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Acetaminophen: Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Metronidazole: A nitroimidazole used to treat AMEBIASIS; VAGINITIS; TRICHOMONAS INFECTIONS; GIARDIASIS; ANAEROBIC BACTERIA; and TREPONEMAL INFECTIONS. It has also been proposed as a radiation sensitizer for hypoxic cells. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985, p133), this substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen (Merck, 11th ed).Uterine Rupture: A complete separation or tear in the wall of the UTERUS with or without expulsion of the FETUS. It may be due to injuries, multiple pregnancies, large fetus, previous scarring, or obstruction.Hemoperitoneum: Accumulations of blood in the PERITONEAL CAVITY due to internal HEMORRHAGE.Vaginal Birth after Cesarean: Delivery of an infant through the vagina in a female who has had a prior cesarean section.Trial of Labor: Allowing a woman to be in LABOR, OBSTETRIC long enough to determine if vaginal birth may be anticipated.Gravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Rupture: Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.Uterine Myomectomy: Surgical removal of a LEIOMYOMA of the UTERUS.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Dictionaries, ChemicalPorphyromonas gingivalis: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium produces a cell-bound, oxygen-sensitive collagenase and is isolated from the human mouth.Fimbriae, Bacterial: Thin, hairlike appendages, 1 to 20 microns in length and often occurring in large numbers, present on the cells of gram-negative bacteria, particularly Enterobacteriaceae and Neisseria. Unlike flagella, they do not possess motility, but being protein (pilin) in nature, they possess antigenic and hemagglutinating properties. They are of medical importance because some fimbriae mediate the attachment of bacteria to cells via adhesins (ADHESINS, BACTERIAL). Bacterial fimbriae refer to common pili, to be distinguished from the preferred use of "pili", which is confined to sex pili (PILI, SEX).Proline-Rich Protein Domains: Protein domains that are enriched in PROLINE. The cyclical nature of proline causes the peptide bonds it forms to have a limited degree of conformational mobility. Therefore the presence of multiple prolines in close proximity to each other can convey a distinct conformational arrangement to a peptide chain.Bacteroidaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family BACTEROIDACEAE.Fimbriae Proteins: Proteins that are structural components of bacterial fimbriae (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) or sex pili (PILI, SEX).Porphyromonas: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, nonsporeforming, nonmotile rods or coccobacilli. Organisms in this genus had originally been classified as members of the BACTEROIDES genus but overwhelming biochemical and chemical findings indicated the need to separate them from other Bacteroides species, and hence, this new genus was created.Gingiva: Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.Bacterial Adhesion: Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.Adhesins, Bacterial: Cell-surface components or appendages of bacteria that facilitate adhesion (BACTERIAL ADHESION) to other cells or to inanimate surfaces. Most fimbriae (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) of gram-negative bacteria function as adhesins, but in many cases it is a minor subunit protein at the tip of the fimbriae that is the actual adhesin. In gram-positive bacteria, a protein or polysaccharide surface layer serves as the specific adhesin. What is sometimes called polymeric adhesin (BIOFILMS) is distinct from protein adhesin.Nitroreductases: Enzymes which reduce nitro groups (NITRO COMPOUNDS) and other nitrogenous compounds.Aziridines: Saturated azacyclopropane compounds. They include compounds with substitutions on CARBON or NITROGEN atoms.NitroimidazolesDimetridazole: A compound used to treat histomoniasis in poultry.Antitrichomonal Agents: Agents used to treat trichomonas infections.Trichomonas vaginalis: A species of TRICHOMONAS that produces a refractory vaginal discharge in females, as well as bladder and urethral infections in males.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)ArizonaResearch: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Databases, Bibliographic: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.Epistaxis: Bleeding from the nose.Hyperventilation: A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing.Pneumonia: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.Tampons, Surgical: Plugs or cylinders made of cotton, sponge, or other absorbent material. They are used in surgery to absorb fluids such as blood or drainage.Pneumonia, Bacterial: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.Cautery: The application of a caustic substance, a hot instrument, an electric current, or other agent to control bleeding while removing or destroying tissue.Nitrate Reductase: An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a cytochrome protein that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM.Death, Sudden: The abrupt cessation of all vital bodily functions, manifested by the permanent loss of total cerebral, respiratory, and cardiovascular functions.Hypocapnia: Clinical manifestation consisting of a deficiency of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.

Clindamycin plus gentamicin as expectant therapy for presumed mixed infections. (1/368)

The prevalence of obligate anaerobes was studied prospectively in 60 patients with severe sepsis of intra-abdominal, soft tissue, female genital or oropulmonary origin. In addition, the efficacy of clindamycin (for anaerobes) plus gentamicin (for aerobic bacteria, especially coliforms) as initial empiric therapy in these patients was evaluated. Among 54 patients with cultural proof of infection, anaerobic pathogens were recovered from 52%. Nineteen patients had bacteremia; Bacteroides fragilis and Klebsiella pneumoniae were the most prevalent pathogens, being isolated in five patients each. Infection was eradicated in 56 of the 60 patients (93%). Mortality related to sepsis was 7% in the entire group, 16% in patients with bacteremia and 2% in patients without bacteremia. Eighty-five percent of aerobic isolates tested were susceptible in vitro to either gentamicin or clindamycin; 97% of anaerobic isolates were inhibited by 5 mug/ml of clindamycin.  (+info)

The in-vitro activity of linezolid (U-100766) and tentative breakpoints. (2/368)

The in-vitro activity of linezolid, a novel oxazolidinone, was investigated in comparison with those of amoxycillin, cefuroxime, quinupristin/dalfopristin, trovafloxacin and vancomycin against 420 recent Gram-positive and anaerobic clinical isolates. Linezolid was equally active (MIC90 1 mg/L) against methicillin-susceptible and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It demonstrated uniform activity against streptococci and enterococci and no cross-resistance with other agents. The time-kill kinetic data demonstrated that the in-vitro activity of linezolid was predominantly bacteriostatic; slow bactericidal activity was only observed at the higher concentration with streptococci. An increase in inoculum from 10(4) to 10(6) cfu on selected strains had little effect on the MICs (MIC90 within one dilution step) of linezolid and an increase in inoculum from 10(5) to 10(7) cfu/mL had no notable effect on the in-vitro bactericidal activity. A tentative linezolid breakpoint of 2 mg/L was chosen after analysis of distribution of susceptibilities.  (+info)

TNF-binding protein ameliorates inhibition of skeletal muscle protein synthesis during sepsis. (3/368)

We examined the effects of TNF-binding protein (TNFBP) on regulatory mechanisms of muscle protein synthesis during sepsis in four groups of rats: Control; Control+TNFBP; Septic; and Septic+TNFBP. Saline (1. 0 ml) or TNFBP (1 mg/kg, 1.0 ml) was injected daily starting 4 h before the induction of sepsis. The effect of TNFBP on gastrocnemius weight, protein content, and the rate of protein synthesis was examined 5 days later. Sepsis reduced the rate of protein synthesis by 35% relative to controls by depressing translational efficiency. Decreases in protein synthesis were accompanied by similar reductions in protein content and muscle weight. Treatment of septic animals with TNFBP for 5 days prevented the sepsis-induced inhibition of protein synthesis and restored translational efficiency to control values. TNFBP treatment of Control rats for 5 days was without effect on muscle protein content or protein synthesis. We also assessed potential mechanisms regulating translational efficiency. The phosphorylation state of p70(S6) kinase was not altered by sepsis. Sepsis reduced the gastrocnemius content of eukaryotic initiation factor 2Bepsilon (eIF2Bepsilon), but not eIF2alpha. The decrease in eIF2Bepsilon content was prevented by treatment of septic rats with TNFBP. TNFBP ameliorates the sepsis-induced changes in protein metabolism in gastrocnemius, indicating a role for TNF in the septic process. The data suggest that TNF may impair muscle protein synthesis by reducing expression of specific initiation factors during sepsis.  (+info)

Characterization of bacteroides melaninogenicus. (4/368)

Fifty-eight human isolates of Bacteroides melaninogenicus, 42 from a variety of clinical infections and the rest from normal flora, were studied for pigment production and ultraviolet light fluorescence and by forty biochemical and other tests, including end-product analysis by gas-liquid chromatography. In a number of instances, tests were repeated several times and the results were reproducible. Agar plate dilution susceptibility tests were also performed to 12 antimicrobial agents. These 58 strains could be reliably placed into three groups, corresponding to the three subspecies described, based on seven characteristics. These included acid production in peptone-yeast-glucose medium, production of n-butyric acid from peptone-yeast-glucose medium, esculin hydrolysis, starch hydrolysis, indole production, effect on milk, and lipase production. Production of hydrogen gas in peptone-yeast-fructose medium may be another distinguishing characteristic. In general there was not much difference in the susceptibility of the three groups to the various antimicrobial agents tested. Two strains had a minimal inhibitory concentration of penicillin G of 16 and 32 U/ml, respectively. Three strains did not produce a black pigment in spite of prolonged incubation on blood-containing media.  (+info)

Differential induction of colitis and gastritis in HLA-B27 transgenic rats selectively colonized with Bacteroides vulgatus or Escherichia coli. (5/368)

Resident bacteria play an important role in initiating and perpetuating gastrointestinal inflammation. We previously demonstrated that six commensal bacteria including Bacteroides vulgatus caused more aggressive colitis and gastritis in HLA-B27 transgenic rats than did the other five bacteria without B. vulgatus. This study compared the degree of gastrointestinal inflammation in gnotobiotic HLA-B27 transgenic rats monoassociated with either B. vulgatus or Escherichia coli. Gnotobiotic transgenic rats raised in Trexler isolators were selectively colonized with either B. vulgatus or E. coli. Control rats were either germfree or colonized with six common commensal bacteria (Streptococcus faecium, E. coli, Streptococcus avium, Eubacterium contortum, Peptostreptococcus productus, and B. vulgatus [DESEP-B]). After 1 month, all the rats were killed and tissues were prepared for histologic and biochemical evaluation. Colitis induced by B. vulgatus monoassociation was almost equal to that in DESEP-B-colonized rats and was significantly more severe than E. coli-induced colitis, which was absent by histological testing and mild by colonic myeloperoxidase and interleukin-1beta concentration determinations. However, gastritis was detectable only in DESEP-B-associated rats. These studies suggest that not all resident bacteria have equal proinflammatory capabilities, since B. vulgatus alone is more active than E. coli alone in inducing colitis, and that colitis and gastritis result from different luminal bacterial stimuli.  (+info)

Analysis of a capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis locus of Bacteroides fragilis. (6/368)

A major clinical manifestation of infection with Bacteroides fragilis is the formation of intra-abdominal abscesses, which are induced by the capsular polysaccharides of this organism. Transposon mutagenesis was used to locate genes involved in the synthesis of capsular polysaccharides. A 24,454-bp region was sequenced and found to contain a 15,379-bp locus (designated wcf) with 16 open reading frames (ORFs) encoding products similar to those encoded by genes of other bacterial polysaccharide biosynthesis loci. Four genes encode products that are similar to enzymes involved in nucleotide sugar biosynthesis. Seven genes encode products that are similar to sugar transferases. Two gene products are similar to O-acetyltransferases, and two products are probably involved in polysaccharide transport and polymerization. The product of one ORF, WcfH, is similar to a set of deacetylases of the NodB family. Deletion mutants demonstrated that the wcf locus is necessary for the synthesis of polysaccharide B, one of the two capsular polysaccharides of B. fragilis 9343. The virulence of the polysaccharide B-deficient mutant was comparable to that of the wild type in terms of its ability to induce abscesses in a rat model of intra-abdominal infection.  (+info)

In vivo protection of Fusobacterium necrophorum from penicillin by Bacteroides fragilis. (7/368)

A mixed infection of Bacteroides fragilis and Fusobacterium necrophorum was resistant to treatment with penicillin even though a pure F. necrophorum infection could be successfully treated with penicillin. Since B. fragilis alone did not produce infection, these results indicate that B. fragilis can protect F. necrophorum from penicillin in vivo. The extent of protection afforded by a strain of B. fragilis was related to its level of resistance to penicillin. Only a few cells of B. fragilis were required in the initial bacterial injection. Moreover, protection was demonstrated when B. fragilis cells were injected as late as 24 h after the F. necrophorum cells. Protection of F. necrophorum from penicillin by B. fragilis was also demonstrated in vitro.  (+info)

Identification of a third metalloprotease toxin gene in extraintestinal isolates of Bacteroides fragilis. (8/368)

To further understand the epidemiology of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF), 89 extraintestinal B. fragilis strains from Seoul, Korea, were examined for secretion of B. fragilis toxin (BFT) by the HT29/C1 biologic assay and for the B. fragilis toxin gene (bft) by colony blot hybridization and PCR. Complete agreement between the three techniques was found. Overall, 34 B. fragilis strains (38%) were identified as ETBF. Eleven of the 34 ETBF strains (32%) expressed a new isoform of BFT (Korea-BFT). This new isoform is more related to BFT-2 than to BFT-1. Like BFT-1 and BFT-2, Korea-BFT cleaves E-cadherin, the zonula adherens protein.  (+info)

*Prevotella

"Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Retrieved 2008-12-11. "Clindamycin" (PDF). Davis. 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017 ... These infections include aspiration pneumonia, lung abscess, pulmonary empyema, and chronic otitis media and sinusitis. They ... Bacteroides melaninogenicus has been reclassified and split into Prevotella melaninogenica and Prevotella intermedia. It is ... are members of the oral and vaginal flora, and are recovered from anaerobic infections of the respiratory tract. ...

*Pathogenic bacteria

Itzhak Brook (Jan 28, 2014). "Bacteroides Infection Follow-up". Medscape. Retrieved 2015-09-25. Shapiro ED (2014). "Clinical ... Bacterial skin infections include: Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection commonly seen in children. It is ... Phage therapy can also be used to treat certain bacterial infections. Infections can be prevented by antiseptic measures such ... Bacterial pneumonia is a bacterial infection of the lungs. Urinary tract infection is predominantly caused by bacteria. ...

*Bacteroides fragilis

Bacteroides infections at eMedicine Brook I (June 2010). "The role of anaerobic bacteria in bacteremia". Anaerobe. 16 (3): 183- ... Bacteroides references in Baron's Medical Microbiology (online at the NCBI bookshelf). Type strain of Bacteroides fragilis at ... Bacteroides fragilis is an obligately anaerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium. It is part of the normal flora of the ... Although the B. fragilis group is the most common species found in clinical specimens, it is the least common Bacteroides ...

*Bacteroides ureolyticus

Bacteroides infections in E Medicine Bacteroides in detail. Biology portal Medicine portal Biology portal. ... Bacteroides ureolyticus is a species in the bacterial genus of Gram-negative, obligately anaerobic bacteria. Bacteroides ... Bacteroides are normally mutualistic, a substantial portion of the mammalian gastrointestinal flora, and they process complex ... They can use simple sugars when available; however, the main sources of energy for Bacteroides species in the gut are complex ...

*Bacteroides

... infections in E Medicine Bacteroides in detail. Biology portal. ... "Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Archived from the original on 22 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-11. Ryan KJ, ... Bacteroides converts these sugars to fermentation products which are beneficial to humans. Bacteroides also have the ability to ... Bacteroides is a genus of Gram-negative, obligate anaerobic bacteria. Bacteroides species are nonendospore-forming bacilli, and ...

*List of MeSH codes (C01)

... bacteroides infections MeSH C01.252.400.126 --- bartonellaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.126.100 --- bartonella infections ... acinetobacter infections MeSH C01.252.400.610 --- mycoplasmatales infections MeSH C01.252.400.610.610 --- mycoplasma infections ... bordetella infections MeSH C01.252.400.143.740 --- whooping cough MeSH C01.252.400.155 --- borrelia infections MeSH C01.252. ... proteus infections MeSH C01.252.400.310.821 --- salmonella infections MeSH C01.252.400.310.821.438 --- paratyphoid fever MeSH ...

*Impacted wisdom teeth

The bacteria associated with infections include Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium, and Bacteroides bacteria. The next most ... It is indicated when there is no disease of the dental pulp or infection around the crown of the tooth and there is a high risk ... Infection resulting from impacted wisdom teeth can be initially treated with antibiotics, local debridement or soft tissue ... The long-term risk of coronectomy is that chronic infection can persist from the tooth remnants. The prognosis for the second ...

*Anaerobic infection

2010 ,15;50:133-6. Anaerobic Infections Bacteroides infections in E Medicine Peptostreptococcus infections in E Medicine Brook ... Bacteroides fragilis group is rarely recovered in these infections compared to intra-abdominal infection. Actinomyces spp. and ... The isolates found in soft-tissue infections can vary depending on the type of infection. The infection's location and the ... infections, all deep neck space infections, parotitis, sialadenitis, thyroiditis, odontogenic infections, and postsurgical and ...

*Fidaxomicin

"OPT-80 Eliminates Clostridium difficile and is Sparing of Bacteroides Species during Treatment of C. Difficile Infection". ... The target use is for treatment of Clostridium difficile infection. Fidaxomicin is available in a 200 mg tablet that is ... Golan Y, Mullane KM, Miller MA (September 12-15, 2009). Low recurrence rate among patients with C. difficile infection treated ... The authors also reported significantly fewer recurrences of infection, a frequent problem with C. difficile, and similar drug ...

*Red complex

Bacteroides forsythus, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Treponema denticola) in endodontic infections: A molecular approach. Oral ...

*Sultamicillin

Gynecological infections - Caused by beta-lactamase producing strains of E. coli and Bacteroides sp. (including B. fragilis). ... Surgical infections - prophylaxis and treatment of surgical site infections, peri-operative prophylaxis in orthopaedic and ... Infections of the gastrointestinal tract - Bacterial esophagitis, treatment of H. pylori infections as a part of MDT in ulcer ... Upper respiratory tract infections - pharyngitis and tonsillitis caused by S. pyogenes and S. aureus. Acute and chronic ...

*Microbial drug delivery

Bacteroides species are known in some cases to cause infections, typically resulting from surgery in the GI tract. Concerns ... A highly pathogenic microbe would not be suitable for medical treatment due to an inherent infection risk. L. lactis is ... Wexler, Hannah M. (2007-10-01). "Bacteroides: the Good, the Bad, and the Nitty-Gritty". Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 20 (4): ... Lactococcus lactis and Bacteroides ovatus. The usage of recombinant microbes (i.e. microorganisms designed to contain DNA from ...

*Altered Schaedler flora

ASF Lactobacilli and Bacteroides help moderate bowel inflammation in a balanced manner in pathogen infection studies. Beyond ... Lactobacilli and Bacteroides are given by gavage to germfree mice first to establish a microbial environment in the GI tract, ... Bacteroides species are often found in GI tracts of mammals, and included non-motile, Gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped ... Recently, many of Bacteroides species are being recognized as actually belonging to other genera, like Porphyromonas and ...

*Bacteroides melaninogenicus

Prevotella Parte, A.C. "Bacteroides". www.bacterio.net. 93. Brook, I.: "Anaerobic Infections Diagnosis and Management". A ... Kornman KS, Loesche WJ (January 1982). "Effects of estradiol and progesterone on Bacteroides melaninogenicus and Bacteroides ... urinary tract infection, brain abscesses, osteomyelitis, and bacteremia associated with upper respiratory tract infections. ... Bacteroides melaninogenicus is a species of bacterium in the normal flora of the upper respiratory tract. It is an important ...

*Ludwig's angina

Typically, these include alpha-hemolytic streptococci, staphylococci and bacteroides groups. The route of infection in most ... Dental infections account for approximately 80% of cases of Ludwig's angina. Mixed infections, due to both aerobes and ... If the infection does occur, there will be an individualised treatment plan for each patient, which will be based on factors ... Another path of infection spread to the mediastinum from the submandibular space is via the carotid sheath. As documented above ...

*Hydrogenosome

Metronidazole is today recognized as the gold standard chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of anaerobic infections caused ... by prokaryotes (Clostridium, Bacteroides, Helicobacter) and eukaryotes (Trichomonas, Tritrichomonas, Giardia, Entamoeba). ...

*Dental plaque

Periodontitis is an infection of the gums which leads to bone destruction around the teeth in the jaw. Periodontitis occurs ... McDermid A, McKee A, Marsh P. "Effect of Environmental pH on Enzyme Activity and Growth of Bacteroides gingivalis W50". ... and at the same time osteoclasts in the bone break down the bone as a way to prevent further infection. This can be treated ... Infection and Immunity. 1998; 56(5):1096-100. Marsh PD, Moter A, Devine DA. (2011). "Dental plaque biofilms: communities, ...

*Foot rot

The cause of the infection in cattle is two species of anaerobic bacteria, Fusobacterium necrophorum and Bacteroides ... Super foot rot infection occurs much faster and is usually much more severe. Most normal foot rot treatments will not cure this ... The disease is different in cattle and sheep and cross-infection is not thought to occur. The first sign of a foot-rot ... Foot rot, or infectious pododermatitis, is a hoof infection commonly found in sheep, goats, and cattle. As the name suggests, ...

*Tigecycline

... and Bacteroides fragilis. Tigecycline is indicated for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections caused by; ... Bacteroides fragilis, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, Bacteroides uniformis, Bacteroides vulgatus, Clostridium perfringens, and ... The drug is licensed for the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections as well as intra-abdominal infections. The European ... Tigecycline is used to treat different kinds of bacterial infections, including complicated skin and structure infections, ...

*Postpartum infections

It frequently includes organisms such as Ureaplasma, Streptococcus, Mycoplasma, and Bacteroides, and may also include organisms ... Postpartum infections, also known as puerperal infections, are any bacterial infections of the female reproductive tract ... After childbirth a woman's genital tract has a large bare surface, which is prone to infection. Infection may be limited to the ... Other causes of fever following delivery include breast engorgement, urinary tract infections, infections of the abdominal ...

*Metronidazole

... oral infections, giardiasis, trichomoniasis, and infections caused by susceptible anaerobic organisms such as Bacteroides, ... It is also often used to eradicate Helicobacter pylori along with other drugs and to prevent infection in people recovering ... Metronidazole is widely used in patients with these infections.[medical citation needed] Metronidazole has also been used in ... In general, the veterinary community may use metronidazole for any potentially susceptible anaerobic infection. The U.S. Food ...

*Lemierre's syndrome

During the primary infection, F. necrophorum colonizes the infection site and the infection spreads to the parapharyngeal space ... which include Bacteroides fragilis and Bacteroides melaninogenicus, Peptostreptococcus spp., Streptococcus microaerophile, ... Lemierre's syndrome begins with an infection of the head and neck region. Usually this infection is a pharyngitis (which ... Spread of infection to the nearby internal jugular vein provides a gateway for the spread of bacteria through the bloodstream. ...

*Cefotetan

... has a broad spectrum of activity and has been used to treat bacterial infections of the bone, skin, urinary tract, ... Escherichia coli: 0.06 µg/mL Bacteroides fragilis: ≤0.06 µg/mL - 512 µg/mL Clostridium perfringens: 1 µg/mL - 4 µg/mL Stork CM ... Notable species include Bacteroides, Streptococcus, and Escherichia. The following represents MIC susceptibility data for a few ... Cefotetan is an injectable antibiotic of the cephamycin type for prophylaxis and treatment of bacterial infections. It is often ...

*Brain abscess

... ear infection, dental abscess, infection of paranasal sinuses, infection of the mastoid air cells of the temporal bone, ... Bacteroides), Fusobacterium, Actinomyces, and Nocardia Congenital heart disease-Aerobic and microaerophilic streptococci, and S ... The infection may also be introduced through a skull fracture following a head trauma or surgical procedures. Brain abscess is ... The location of the primary lesion may be suggested by the location of the abscess: infections of the middle ear result in ...

*Prevotella intermedia

... (formerly Bacteroides intermedius) is a gram-negative, obligate anaerobic pathogenic bacterium involved ... in periodontal infections, including gingivitis and periodontitis, and often found in acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. ...

*Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome

Liver function tests will typically be normal or unchanged from baseline as the infection does not involve the liver parenchyma ... though other bacteria such as Bacteroides, Gardnerella, E. coli and Streptococcus have also been found to cause Fitz-Hugh- ... causing infection and inflammation. Occasionally, this inflammation can cause scar tissue to form on Glisson's capsule, a thin ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Molecular evolution of the pathogenicity island of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis strains. AU - Franco, Augusto A.. AU - Cheng, Rodney K.. AU - Chung, Gyung Tae. AU - Wu, Shaoguang. AU - Oh, Hee Bok. AU - Sears, Cynthia Louise. PY - 1999/11. Y1 - 1999/11. N2 - Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) strains, which produce a 20- kDa zinc metalloprotease toxin (BFT), have been associated with diarrheal disease in animals and young children. Studying a collection of ETBF and nontoxigenic B. fragilis (NTBF) strains, we found that bft and a second metalloprotease gene (mpII) are contained in an ~6-kb pathogenicity island (termed B. fragilis pathogenicity island or BfPAI) which is present exclusively in all 113 ETBF strains tested (pattern I). Of 191 NTBF strains, 100 (52%) lack both the BfPAI and at least a 12-kb region flanking BfPAI (pattern II), and 82 of 191 NTBF strains (43%) lack the BfPAI but contain the flanking region (pattern III). The nucleotide sequence flanking ...
We identified enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in stool specimens of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and other gastrointestinal disorders. The organism was detected in 11 (13.2%) of 83 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Of 57 patients with active disease, 19.3% were toxin positive; none of those with inactive disease had specimens positive for enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis gene sequences.
Of 1284 Bacteroides strains collected in Europe in 2000 for antibiotic susceptibility surveillance, 65 isolates displayed imipenem minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) , or =1 mg/L and were chosen for a thorough analysis of their resistance mechanism. Twenty-five of the isolates were positive for the cfiA carbapenem resistance gene. The resistance rates were 0.8% and 1.3% for imipenem and meropenem, respectively. In six of the strains, insertion sequence (IS) elements (IS613, IS614B, IS1186 and IS1187) activated the cfiA gene. However, other strains displayed at least elevated carbapenem MICs or were carbapenem resistant and produced measurable carbapenemase activities but did not harbour IS elements in the region upstream of the cfiA gene. The major determinant of carbapenem resistance in Bacteroides fragilis is production of CfiA metallo-beta-lactamase via activation of the cfiA gene by IS elements (higher level resistance) or by activation of its putative own promoter.. ...
Bacteroides fragilis is a Gram-negative member of the normal human gut microbiota. The Bacteroidetes constitutes one of the major bacterial phyla in the healthy human gut [1]. However, B. fragilis is also an important opportunistic pathogen, and it is the most frequently isolated anaerobic bacterium in clinical specimens, including abdominal abscesses and bloodstream infections [2]. Indeed, while B. fragilis accounts for only 4 to 13% of the normal human fecal microbiota, it is responsible for 63 to 80% of Bacteroides infections [3]. Only a few virulence factors have been described for B. fragilis, with the best characterized being the polysaccharide (PS) capsule [4] and a secreted metalloprotease, fragilysin [5]. The capsule, which displays antigenic variation, promotes the formation of abscesses [4], and the reduction of pro-inflammatory responses to B. fragilis[4, 6]. The metalloprotease fragilysin, which has been linked to diarrheal disease [5], has activity against the zonula junctions ...
Second and third generation sequencing technologies have revolutionised bacterial genomics. Short-read Illumina reads result in cheap but fragmented assemblies, whereas longer reads are more expensive but result in more complete genomes. The Oxford Nanopore MinION device is a revolutionary mobile sequencer that can produce thousands of long, single molecule reads.|br| We sequenced |em|Bacteroides fragilis|/em| strain BE1 using both the Illumina MiSeq and Oxford Nanopore MinION platforms. We were able to assemble a single chromosome of 5.18 Mb, with no gaps, using publicly available software and commodity computing hardware. We identified gene rearrangements and the state of invertible promoters in the strain. |br| The final assembly and annotations are available from the public archives (EBI/NCBI/DDBJ) and additionally here we provide the assemblies done for comparison from each of the individual technologies and the alignments of the original raw reads to the final assembly.|br|
The immune system protects against infection and disease, but there are numerous examples where it has switched sides, as in autoimmune diseases and in cancer. Cells become cancerous when they acquire genetic mutations that enable them to evade the regular controls on growth. In addition, stomach (Helicobacter pylori) and liver (hepatitis viruses B and C) cancers have been associated with infection-induced inflammation, which involves immune cells, such as macrophages, and inflammation signaling molecules that can promote tumorigenesis. Research on the mechanisms of inflammation-induced carcinogenesis has focused mainly on the innate branch of the immune system, primarily the NF-κB intracellular signaling pathway.. Colorectal cancer has been linked to inflammation of the colon (colitis), which can be caused by bacterial infections. Wu et al. have found that the human bacterium enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF), which induces colitis, can promote colon cancer in a mouse model of the ...
Akhi, Mohammad Taghi and Jedari Seifi, Sirus and Asgharzadeh, Mohammad and Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Mohammad and Abdoli Oskuei, Shahram and Pirzadeh, Tahereh and Memar, Mohammad Yousef and Alizadeh, Naser and Seifi Yarijan Sofla, Hasan (2016) Role of Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in Children Less Than 5 Years of Age with Diarrhea in Tabriz, Iran. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, Inpres (Inpres). ISSN 2008-3645 Akhi, Mohammad Taghi and Ghotaslou, Reza and Beheshtirouy, Samad and Asgharzadeh, Mohammad and Pirzadeh, Tahereh and Asghari, Babak and Alizadeh, Naser and Toloue Ostadgavahi, Ali and Sorayaei Somesaraei, Vida and Memar, Mohammad Yousef (2015) Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Aerobic and Anaerobic Bacteria Isolated From Surgical Site Infection of Hospitalized Patients. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, 8 (7). ISSN 2008-3645 Akhi, Mohammad Taghi and Ghotaslou, Reza and Beheshtirouy, Samad and Asgharzadeh, Mohammad and Pirzadeh, Tahereh and Asghari, Babak and Alizadeh, Naser ...
Work in the Cynthia Sears Laboratory focuses on the bacterial contributions to the development of human colon cancer and the impact of the microbiome on other cancers and the therapy of cancer. The current work involves mouse and human studies to define how enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis, pks+ Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium nucleatum, biofilms and the colonic microbiota induce chronic colonic inflammation and colon cancer. Prospective human studies of the microbiome and biofilms in screening colonoscopy are in progress as are studies to determine if and how the microbiome impacts the response of individuals with cancer to immunotherapy and other cancer therapies ...
Akhi, Mohammad Taghi and Jedari Seifi, Sirus and Asgharzadeh, Mohammad and Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Mohammad and Abdoli Oskuei, Shahram and Pirzadeh, Tahereh and Memar, Mohammad Yousef and Alizadeh, Naser and Seifi Yarijan Sofla, Hasan (2016) Role of Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in Children Less Than 5 Years of Age with Diarrhea in Tabriz, Iran. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, Inpres (Inpres). ISSN 2008-3645 ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Bacteroides fragilis is an obligately anaerobic bacterium that can be isolated from a variety of human infections (2). In the mid-1980s it was recognized that some strains produce an enterotoxin (ET) that can cause acute diarrhea in humans, young lambs, calves, pigs, and foals (6,7). Enterotoxigenic B. fragilis (ETBF) strains have also been isolated from the feces of children with diarrhea (9). Kato et al. (4) showed that B. fragilis blood culture isolates were more likely to be ETBF and suggested that ETBF strains are more virulent than enterotoxin-negative strains. Recently, the enterotoxin gene of B. fragilis has been cloned, sequenced, and identified as producing a zinc metalloprotease of 44.4 kDa (5).. In order to determine the relative frequency of ETBF in different geographic locations, 93 B. fragilis clinical isolates from Germany and Southern California were analyzed. Two PCR assays were used to detect two independent genetic sequences of the B. fragilis enterotoxin gene. In addition, ...
382 aa; Sequence (Fasta) Identical sequences: Bacteroides vulgatus PC510: D4VC18; Bacteroides sp. 3_1_40A: E5UVJ4; Bacteroides sp. 4_3_47FAA: C6Z9F1; Bacteroides vulgatus: A6KX05; Bacteroides vulgatus str. 3975 RP4: A0A069SLD6 ...
Bacteroides vulgatus ATCC ® 8482™ Designation: TypeStrain=True Application: Media testing Quality control strain Sterility testing Pharmaceutical and Personal Care
Diagnosis The diagnosis of anaerobic infection is based primarily on symptoms, the patients medical history, and location of the infection. A foul-smelling infection or drainage from an abscess is diagnostic of anaerobic infection. This foul smell is produced by anaerobic bacteria and occurs in one third to one half of patients late in the infection. Other clues to anaerobic infection include tissue necrosis and gas production at the infection site. A sample from the infected site may be obtained, using a swab or a needle and syringe, to determine which bacteria is (are) causing the infection. Because these bacteria can be easily killed by oxygen, they rarely grow in the laboratory cultures of tissue or pus samples. The recent medical history of the patient is helpful in diagnosing anaerobic infection. A patient who has or recently had surgery, dental work, tumors, blood vessel disease, or injury are susceptible to this infection. The failure to improve following treatment with antibiotics that ...
Avila-Campos, Mario Julio et al. Antimicrobial resistance and plasmid detection in strains of the Bacteroides fragilis group. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo, Feb 1993, vol.35, no.1, p.107-110. ISSN 0036- ...
Infections caused by anaerobic bacteria are common and may be serious and life-threatening. Anaerobes are the predominant components of the bacterial flora of
Anaerobic Infections, Central Nervous System. In: Papadakis MA, McPhee SJ. Papadakis M.A., McPhee S.J. Eds. Maxine A. Papadakis, and Stephen J. McPhee.eds. Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2017 New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; . http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2033§ionid=152401325. Accessed December 18, 2017 ...
Study Flashcards On Q3: Micro: Anaerobic Infections at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
Your basket is currently empty. i ,p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the basket to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later.,p>,a href=/help/basket target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
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The results of a multicenter US survey using the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards currently recommended methodology for measuring in vitro susceptibility of 2673 isolates of Bacteroides fragilis group species were compared from 1997 to 2000. The test panel consisted of 14 antibiotics: 3 carbapenems, 3 β-lactam-β-lactamase inhibitors, 3 cephamycins, 2 fluoroquinolones, clindamycin, chloramphenicol, and metronidazole. Declines in the geometric mean minimum inhibitory concentrations were seen with imipenem, meropenem, ampicillin-sulbactam, and the cephamycins. Increased geometric means were observed with the fluoroquinolones and were usually accompanied by an increase in resistance rates. Bacteroides distasonis shows the highest resistance rates among β-lactam antibiotics, whereas Bacteroides vulgatus shows the highest resistance levels among fluoroquinolones. B. fragilis shows the lowest resistance rates for all antibiotics. All strains were susceptible to chloramphenicol ...
The polysaccharide capsule of Bacteroides fragilis has been shown to be important in the virulence of the organism. The capsular polysaccharide (CP) of B. fragilis has been extensively purified. Using a murine model of intraabdominal abscess formation, we have been able to demonstrate cellular immunity to the capsular polysaccharide of B. fragilis. Immunization of C57BL/10J mice with the CP over 5 wk prevents abscess formation when the mice are challenged with B. fragilis intraperitoneally. This immunity can be transferred to naive mice with spleen cells from immune animals. The immune cells bear Thy-1.2 and Ly-2.2 antigens. The immune response has been shown to be antigen specific, but not H-2 restricted. The possibility that these immune cells are suppressor T cells is discussed. The experimental system presented provides a model for the examination of the cellular interactions responsible for abscess formation and the cellular response to bacterial pathogens. ...
Various subspecies of Bacteroides melaninogenicus differ in their pigmentation. Subsp. asaccharolyticus produces protohaem almost exclusively, subsp. intermedicus both protohaem and a smaller proportion of protoporphyrin, and subsp. melaninogenicus mainly protoporphyrin with a trace of protohaem. As a consequence young colonies can be differentiated by their red fluorescence in u.v. light (365nm): subsp. asaccharolyticus does not fluoresce, subsp. intermedicus shows a limited fluorescence, and subsp. melaninogenicus shows a bright fluorescence. The pigments were isolated as the dimethyl esters of protohaemin and of protoporphyrin and identified by electronic spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and comparisons by t.l.c. Incorporation of delta-aminolaevulinate into these pigments was not detected, nor was porphobilinogen formation observed. Subsp. melaninogenicus grown in the presence of [14C]protohaemin formed [14C]protoporphyrin. This appears to represent a novel biological demetallation. ...
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Small-subunit ribosomal DNA sequences of 16 strains of Bacteroides fragilis were determined and compared with previously published sequences. Three phylogenetic methods (the neighbor-joining, maximum-likelihood, and maximum-parsimony methods) as well as a bootstrap analysis were used to assess the robustness of each topology. All phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that the B. fragilis strains were clearly divided into two robust monophyletic units which corresponded to the cfiA-negative and cfiA-positive groups. Strains of two previously identified DNA homology groups separated similarly into the two monophyletic units. According to the intensity of the hybridization signal with a cfiA probe, the cfiA-positive cluster could be further divided into two groups. This difference might reflect the existence of two, probably closely related cfiA-type genes. In the strongly hybridizing cfiA-positive strains, the gene is capable of conferring high-level resistance to the carbapenems and to most ...
Significantly more reads were assigned to the Bacteroidetes phylum in the experimental sample (36%) as compared to the control sample (8.2%). At the class level, Bacteroidia (1.3% in the control sample vs. 24.4% in the experimental sample) and Sphingobacteria (1.1% in the control sample vs. 7.8% in the experimental sample) contributed to higher percentages of the microbiota in the experimental sample than in the control sample. The significant elevation of Bacteroidetes in the intestinal community of the starved seabass sample is in agreement with some other studies [2, 34, 35] on dietary shifts. For example, in mice [34], fasting was associated with a significant increase in the proportional representation of the Bacteroidetes [from 20.6% (fed) to 42.3% (fasted)]. Bacteroides with a much larger genome size (e.g., Bacteroides fragilis Strain NCTC9343: 5,205,140 bp) are normally mutualistic in the animal gastrointestinal flora. A large part of the proteins made by the Bacteroides genome are able ...
[Biological activity of Bacteroides fragilis].: The investigation was performed with 9 strains of B. fragilis isolated from pregnant women in their 38th week of
A molecular method, termed hierarchical oligonucleotide primer extension (HOPE), was used to determine the relative abundances of predominant Bacteroides spp. present in fecal microbiota and wastewaters. For this analysis, genomic DNA in feces of healthy human adults, bovines, and swine and in wastewaters was extracted and total bacterial 16S rRNA genes were PCR amplified and used as the DNA templates for HOPE. Nineteen oligonucleotide primers were designed to detect 14 Bacteroides spp. at different hierarchical levels (domain, order, cluster, and species) and were arranged into and used in six multiplex HOPE reaction mixtures. Results showed that species like B. vulgatus, B. thetaiotaomicron, B. caccae, B. uniformis, B. fragilis, B. eggerthii, and B. massiliensis could be individually detected in human feces at abundances corresponding to as little as 0.1% of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA genes. Minor species like B. pyogenes, B. salyersiae, and B. nordii were detected only collectively using a primer ...
Bacteroides fragilis ATCC ® 25285™ Designation: VPI 2553 TypeStrain=True Application: Media testing Quality control strain Susceptibility testing Quality control strain for BBL and MicroScan ® products Pharmaceutical and Personal Care
A new model of intraabdominal abscess: usefulness for hydrosaline metabolism studies in parenteral nutrition associated with sepsis.: The present study was set
Bacteroides spp. are dominant components of the phylum Bacteroidetes in the gut microbiota and prosper in glycan enriched environments. However, knowledge of the machinery of specific species isolated from humans (like Bacteroides uniformis) contributing to the utilization of dietary and endogenous sources of glycans and their byproducts is limited. We have used the cutting-edge nanopore-based technology to sequence the genome of B. uniformis CECT 7771, a human symbiont with a proven pre-clinical efficacy on metabolic and immune dysfunctions in obesity animal models. We have also used massive sequencing approaches to distinguish the genome expression patterns in response to carbon sources of different complexity during growth. At genome-wide level, our analyses globally demonstrate that B. uniformis strains exhibit an expanded glycolytic capability when compared with other Bacteroides species. Moreover, by studying the growth and whole-genome expression of B. uniformis CECT 7771 in response to different
Bacteroides is a genus of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria. Bacteroides species are non-endospore-forming, anaerobes, and may either be motile or non-motile, depending on the species.[1] The DNA base composition is 40-48% GC. Unusual in bacterial organisms, Bacteroides membranes contain sphingolipids. They also contain meso-diaminopimelic acid in their peptidoglycan layer. Bacteroides are normally commensal, making up the most substantial portion of the mammalian gastrointestinal flora,[2] where they play a fundamental role in processing of complex molecules to simpler ones in the host intestine. As many as 1010-1011 cells per gram of human feces have been reported.[3] They can use simple sugars when available, but the main source of energy is polysaccharides from plant sources. ...
Bacteroides barnesiae has a size of 0.5-1.4 micrometer wide and 0.8-10.6 micrometer long that is completely anaerobic and grows at temperature of about 37C which does not require oxygen to survive. It has a cellular fatty acids including C15:0 and iso-C15:0 and in cultured media appears to be circular, raised and grayish-white colonies. Bacteroides barnesiae is predominantly found in gastrointestinal tract of humans as well as in vertebrate animals where bile is present. It gives benefits to the host if this bacterium strictly retained in the gut by hindering pathogenic microorganisms from forming colonies in the intestines. Bacteroides barnesiae play a basic role in the breakdown of polysaccharides a complex molecule into small molecules that is used by the bacterium as well as the host in order to utilize the nitrogenous substances and biotransformation of steroids and bile acids. Scientific classification: ...
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PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Doctors Ask: Anaerobic infections are caused by non-spore-forming anaerobic bacteria (microorganisms that require low oxygen uptake for growth). To extinguish the vital functions of anaerobic bacteria, contact with oxygen, even short-term, is necessary. Therefore, anaerobic microorganisms tend to be located where for their development there are all the appropriate conditions: in the large intestine, genital organs (female), between the gums and the surface of the tooth, etc.
Synonyms for Bacillus fragilis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Bacillus fragilis. 1 synonym for bacillus: B. What are synonyms for Bacillus fragilis?
Desi nu sustin viataverdeviu si alte siteuri care promoveaza in necunostiinta de cauza ma rog terapii psihospirituale, altele decat ortodoxia, cititi si : xisoku.gotgeeks.com xisoku.gotgeeks.com xisoku.gotgeeks.com NOTA : iata deci, sanatatea florei intestinale influenteaza sanatatea sistemului cafea și viermi, care la randul sau influenteaza integritatea sistemului imunitar fapt stiut read article la cancer Potrivit Dr.. Prin tratarea rozatoarelor bolnave cu o bacterie de promovare a sanatatii numita Bacteroides fragilis, cercetatorii au fost capabili de a atenua unele, dar nu toate, de simptomele lor de comportament. In cel mai recent studiu ei, aportul de fier mamei in timpul sarcinii asemenea, sa constatat cafea și viermi juca un rol. Chiar mai cafea și viermi alarmant, Dr.. Kaayla Daniel, vice-presedinte al Westin A. Beneficiile au durat in general pentru lungimea de studiu, fara efecte secundare semnificative. Green Home : Autism copii sunt ca Insulele Canare din mina de aur a lumii ...
[좌측부터 체질 1형 2형 3형] 1) 박테로이데스(Bacteroides) : 탄수화물을 분해하고 비타민 B2, B5, C, H를 만드는 것이 주된 기능이다. 박테리오데스 세균이 많은 속에 속하는 피실험자들 중에는 비만을 겪는 사...
Bacteroides species, saccharolytic Gram-negative obligate anaerobes, are frequently isolated from human infections such as peritonitis, abscesses and bacteremia. Among the species in the genus Bacteroides, thespecies called "B. fragilis group" areparticularly involved inhuman infections andaremedically important because they account for a major part of anaerobic isolates from clinical specimens. The purpose of this study was to develop PCR primers that specifically and simultaneously amplify theβ-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase gene leuB in B. fragilis group species. We determined partial nucleotide sequences of leuB genes and compared them in seventeen strains of nine B. fragilis group species, and the regions that are conserved among Bacteroides strains but different from other species were used as a B. fragilis group-specific PCR primer set, BacLBF-BacLBR. Specificity tests of the primer set using 52 phenotypically characterized strains and 75 isolates from rat feces showed only one case each ...
Define Bacteroides salivosus. Bacteroides salivosus synonyms, Bacteroides salivosus pronunciation, Bacteroides salivosus translation, English dictionary definition of Bacteroides salivosus. Noun 1. Bacteroides - type genus of Bacteroidaceae; genus of Gram-negative rodlike anaerobic bacteria producing no endospores and no pigment and living in...
Looking for online definition of Bacteroides capillosus in the Medical Dictionary? Bacteroides capillosus explanation free. What is Bacteroides capillosus? Meaning of Bacteroides capillosus medical term. What does Bacteroides capillosus mean?
We have cloned the Bacteroides fragilis TAL2480 neuraminidase (NANase) structural gene, nanH, in Escherichia coli. This was accomplished by using the cloning shuttle vector pJST61 and a partial Sau3A library of TAL2480 chromosomal inserts created in E. coli. The library was mobilized into the NANase-deficient B. fragilis TM4000 derivative TC2. NANase-producing colonies were enriched by taking advantage of the inability of TC2, but not the wild-type of NANase+ revertant, to grow in vitro in fluid aspirated from the rat granuloma pouch. Plasmids pJST61-TCN1 and pJST61-TCN3, containing inserts of 9.1 and 4.5 kilobases (kb), respectively, were found in the TC2 derivatives that grew in the rat pouch medium. In B. fragilis, NANase production from the two plasmids was inducible by free N-acetylneuraminic acid or sialic acid-containing substrates, just as in the parental TAL2480 strain. However, when these plasmids were transferred back to E. coli, NANase activity was barely detectable. A 3.5-kb portion ...
To the Editor.-Eikenella corrodens is a facultative gramnegative bacillus that is a normal inhabitant of the human mouth. Eikenella corrodens infection is relat
Probiotic yogurts and pills promise better health, but the bacteria we ingest find a complex and challenging environment when they enter our gut. Food sources shift with every meal we eat, and the threat of pathogens is ever-present. In this competitive landscape, theres a clear winner already on the field: the genus Bacteroides makes up 30 percent of the bacteria in the human gut, the single most abundant genus.. "Bacteroides are a successful bacterium in our gut microbiome. By offering metabolic capabilities that humans dont have, it helps us to obtain important nutrients. So why are Bacteroides so resilient? If we can understand their success, it will ultimately allow us to design probiotic formulations for human health and aid patients with an imbalance of gut bacteria," said Blanca Barquera, an associate professor of biological sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and lead researcher on a new project investigating Bacteroides.. With support from a four-year $3 million grant from ...
Rutin and quercitrin are hydrolysed to quercetin, and robinin is hydrolysed to kaempferol, by faecal flora from healthy subjects. The enzymes required for these hydrolyses, namely alpha-rhamnosidase and beta-galactosidase, were produced by some strains of Bacteroides distasonis; other strains, however, synthesized beta-glucosidase. The last-named enzyme was also elaborated by Bacteroides uniformis and Bacteroides ovatus. All the enzymes were produced constitutively. A cell-free extract of B. distasonis containing beta-glucosidase displayed an enzymic activity of 1 mumol/10 min per 10 mg of protein. ...
The karyotypes of diploid P. fragilis subsp. villosus (2n = 2x = 14) and tetraploid subsp. secaliformis (2n = 4x = 28) were studied by Giemsa C- and N-banding, and AgNO3 staining and compared with the karyotype of subsp. fragilis (2x). The complements of subsp. villosus and subsp. fragilis were similar, with 8 metacentric and 6 SAT-chromosomes, one metacentric and two submetacentric pairs, with small to minute, polymorphic, heterochromatic satellites. The complement of subsp. secaliformis on the whole agreed with a doubling of the complement of diploid P. fragilis, suggesting autopolyploidy. Only the presence of 12 nucleoli in interphases identified 6 SAT-chromosome pairs. In subsp. villosus one or two extra micronucleoli indicated a chromosome pair with very low nucleolus-forming activity, bringing the number of SAT-chromosome pairs to 4. This number may be a characteristic of Psathyrostachys. Besides very small, inconsistently observed bands, the C-banding pattern consisted of 0-3 small bands ...
Dezesseis eqüinos adultos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos (GI, GII, GIII e GIV) constituídos por quatro animais, recebendo cada grupo o seguinte inóculo por via intraperitoneal: GI (100 X 10(7) unidades formadoras de colônia (UFC) de Escherichia coli diluídos em 500 ml de solução salina 0,9% estéril); GII (100 X 10(7) UFC de Bacteroides fragilis diluídos em 500 ml de solução salina 0,9% estéril); GIII (100 X 10(7) UFC de Escherichia coli associados a 100 X 10(7) UFC de Bacteroides fragilis diluídos em 500 ml de solução salina 0,9% estéril); GIV (testemunho - 500 ml de solução salina 0,9% estéril). Leucopenia ocorreu em todos os animais inoculados com bactérias, nas primeiras seis horas após as inoculações. Posteriormente a este período, verificou-se em alguns eqüinos inoculados leucocitose. Os eqüinos inoculados com culturas puras de E. coli ou B. fragilis apresentaram peritonites brandas e autolimitantes, enquanto os inoculados com a associação destas ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Twenty-eight divergent polysaccharide loci specifying within and amongst strain capsule diversity in three strains of Bacteroides fragilis. AU - Patrick,S.. AU - Blakely,G.W.. AU - Houston,S.. AU - Moore,J.. AU - Abratt,V.R.. AU - dos Santos,Marcelo Bertalan Quintanilha. AU - Cedeño-Tárraga,A.M.. AU - Corton,N.. AU - Corton,C.. AU - Bignell,A.. AU - Barron,A.. AU - Clark,L.. AU - Bentley,S.D.. AU - Parkhill,J.. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - Comparison of the complete genome sequence of Bacteroides fragilis 638R originally isolated in the USA, was made with two previously sequenced strains isolated in the UK (NCTC 9343) and Japan (YCH46). The presence of 10 loci containing genes associated with polysaccharide biosynthesis, each including a putative Wzx flippase and Wzy polymerase, was confirmed in all three strains, despite a lack of cross-reactivity between NCTC 9343 and 638R surface polysaccharide-specific antibodies by immunolabelling and microscopy. Genomic comparisons revealed ...
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Alpha-galactosidase is a glycoside hydrolase enzyme that hydrolyses the terminal alpha-galactosyl moieties from glycolipids and glycoproteins. It is encoded by the GLA ge
S. Hsieh designed the project, performed experiments, and wrote the paper. N.T.P. generated the single CPS-expressing B. thetaiotaomicron mutants with and without GFP. D.L.D. generated the B. thetaiotaomicron Abs. S. Horvath processed the fecal colonization samples. G.S. performed the quick-freeze, deep-etch scanning electron microscopy. N.Z. assisted with peritoneal experiments. B.T.S. and B.Z. captured the india ink images. E.C.M., T.S.S., and P.M.A. guided the overall project design and assisted in data interpretation and writing of the manuscript. ...
0898386888 Models of Anaerobic Infection: Proceedings of the third Anaerobe Discussion Group Symposium held at Churchill College, University of Cambridge, July ... (New Perspectives in Clinical Microbiology),books, textbooks, text book
Bacteroides, Bacterial Identification and Bacteria Treatment are considered an interesting alternative to the traditional indicator organisms such as E.coli
This HMM describes a set of proteins related to but longer than DNA-binding protein HU. Its distinctive domain architecture compared to HU and related histone-like DNA-binding proteins justifies the designation as superfamily. Members include, so far, one from Bacteroides fragilis, a gut bacterium, and ten from Porphyromonas gingivalis, an oral anaerobe ...
Boldt, H. Genotypic identification of two groups within the species Bacteroides fragilis by ribotyping and by analysis of PCR-generated fragment patterns and insertion sequence content.
4HBR: Crystal structure of a putative periplasmic proteins (BACEGG_01429) from Bacteroides eggerthii DSM 20697 at 2.40 A resolution
As the appreciation for anaerobic bacteriology has grown, it has become apparent that the isolation of Bacteroides species from clinical isolates is a significant finding. Studies by Redondo et al. (15) and Nguyen et al. (14) have linked Bacteroides bacteremia to higher mortality rates, which can be further affected by the use of inactive antimicrobials in the treatment regimen.. The class of 5-nitroimidazole drugs (metronidazole, tinidizole, and ornidizole) exerts antimicrobial actions via inhibition of DNA synthesis (19). This action requires intracellular reduction of the nitro group of these prodrugs to produce reactive radical species. Although the 5-nitroimidazole drugs were introduced into clinical practice in 1960, resistance of B. fragilis to these drugs was not described until 1978 (10) and remains rare (1, 20-22). The first metronidazole-resistant Bacteroides isolates were found to have altered end products of glucose metabolism that conferred distinctive biochemical and growth ...
Bacteroides coprosuis Whitehead et al. 2005 belongs to the genus Bacteroides, which is a member of the family Bacteroidaceae. Members of the genus Bacteroides in general are known as beneficial protectors of animal guts against pathogenic microorganisms, and as contributors to the degradation of complex molecules such as polysaccharides. B. coprosuis itself was isolated from a manure storage pit of a swine facility, but has not yet been found in an animal host. The species is of interest solely because of its isolated phylogenetic location. The genome of B. coprosuis is already the 5th sequenced type strain genome from the genus Bacteroides. The 2,991,798 bp long genome with its 2,461 protein-coding and 78 RNA genes and is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.
Our laboratories are particularly well placed to conduct this interdisciplinary study. The PI, Dr Abratt at the University of cape Town, has specialised anaerobic growth facilities available, and a proven track record of research in the areas of anaerobic microbiology and molecular genetics, particularly of the Bacteroides nitrogen metabolism.. In addition, we have established the capability to determine protein structure in Africa for the first time through a grant by the Carnegie Corporation of New York to B.T. Sewell (co-investigator). This grant has enabled the creation of the joint UCT/UWC Masters programme in Structural Biology and has, in particular led to the establishment of a facility for protein X-ray crystallography at the University of the Western Cape and the establishment of a protein NMR facility at the University of Stellenbosch. Six masters students have been recruited to the programme in its first year (2003). Each student cohort will take two years, including a year of ...
Alpha-galactosidase is a glycoside hydrolase enzyme that hydrolyses the terminal alpha-galactosyl moieties from glycolipids and glycoproteins. It is encoded by the GLA ge
1) Rasmussen BA, et al. (1990) Cloning and sequencing of the class B beta-lactamase gene (ccrA) from Bacteroides fragilis TAL3636.. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 34(8):1590-2 PubMed: 2121094 ...
Chloromycetin is used to treat serious infectious diseases such as meningitis, rickettsial disease, salmonellosis and anaerobic infections.
Dernières PublicationsDietary pectic glycans are degraded by coordinated enzyme pathways in human colonic Bacteroides. (2018) Luis AS, Briggs J, (...)
A 68-year-old Japanese man with alcoholic liver cirrhosis was admitted to our hospital because of fever and haematemesis. On day 3, his blood culture became positive for Gram-negative bacilli and Gram-positive cocci, and contrast-enhanced abdominal CT revealed acute septic thrombophlebitis of the superior mesenteric vein with caecal diverculitis. Antimicrobial therapy with ampicillin-sulbactam and anticoagulant therapy were started and the blood culture grew Bacteroides fragilis and Streptococcus intermedius. On hospital day 7, the patients condition began to improve in response to the therapy, therefore, the ampicillin-sulbactam and anticoagulant therapy was continued for 42 days. The patient was discharged home on hospital day 45. B fragilis bacteraemia of unknown source should caution the physician to search for an intra-abdominal focus, such as thrombosis of the portal vein or mesenteric vein. ...
Results One hundred and ninety six patients were recruited: 158 CRC patients, 24 adenoma patients and 14 normal colon controls (median age 70; range 35-90). Tumours were staged as 6 T0, 4 T1, 23 T2, 97 T3, 27 T4; 99 N0, 40 N1, 27 N2; 6 M1. No significant differences were seen in diversity or taxonomy between the UK and Czech cohorts. Adenoma and healthy colon control samples were taxonomically indistinct. However, CRCs were characterised by reduced Shannon diversity (p,0.01), with enrichment of organisms including Bacteroides fragilis,Fusobacterium nucleatum and under-representation of Bacteroides vulgatus,Bacteroides uniformisandFaecalibacterium prausnitzii (all q,0.01). Furthermore, we found a significant progressive reduction in the expression of Bacteroides vulgatus with advancing T stage and a corresponding increase in Fusobacterium nucleatum expression (figure). Additionaly, samples from patients with T4 tumours and cancers expressing histological and molecular markers of poor prognosis ...
The enumeration of phages infecting host-specific strains of Bacteroides has been widely recognised as an effective and low-cost method of microbial source tracking (MST). A recently described human-specific Bacteroides host strain (GB-124) has been shown to detect bacteriophages exclusively in human-impacted waters and is emerging as a useful MST tool. However, a better understanding of the morphology and ecological behaviour of the phages, especially in wastewater disinfection processes, is now required in order to validate their role as MST markers. Bacteriophages infecting Bacteroides fragilis GB-124 (n = 21) were isolated from wastewater effluent and irradiated using laboratory-based UV-C (254 nm) collimated beam experiments. Bacteriophages were found to be both a morphologically and ecologically homogeneous group, with all specimens showing highly similar first order log-linear inactivation profiles (mean fluence required to inactivate phages by 4-log10 was 36 mJ/cm2). These findings ...
Intestinal worms continue to be bad news in most parts of the world, but theyve cohabited with humans for so long that they have evolved to interact with us in complex, even beneficial ways, as a new study published in Science on April 14 reminds us. Led by Deepshika Ramanan from New York University, a team of scientists from the US, Malaysia and Japan worked with mice which had a gene called Nod2 knocked out. Nod2-deficient mice are used as models of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a condition that is notably uncommon in developing nations but increasingly prevalent in developed nations.. The scientists found that a type of intestinal cell in the sick mice was defective and resulting in compromised mucus layers lining their guts. These changes in the guts environment caused normal bacterial populations in the gut to fluctuate. One species, Bacteroides vulgatus, was observed to thrive in these IBD mice. Interestingly, B. vulgatus has previously been found in humans with IBD. "However, it is ...
To study the development of these immune cells in the context of gut microbes, researchers monocolonized germ-free mice with a model human commensal, Bacteroides fragilis, and demonstrated that this single species of bacteria could restore the development of PLZF+ innate and innate-like lymphocytes in the thymus of infant mice.. In further proof-of-concept studies, they showed that a mutant B. fragilis lacking expression of Polysaccharide A (PSA) was unable to do the same, suggesting that specific microbial antigens could regulate this early life developmental process.. A similar deficit in these cells was observed in mutant mice that lacked the expression of Toll like receptor 2, a receptor that recognizes bacteria and bacterial components, including B. fragilis PSA, to initiate host protective immune responses.. To understand how this microbial message was delivered to developing thymic cells, Jains group used a novel mouse model to track the migration of cells from the colon to the thymus. ...
Accepted name: 4-O-β-D-mannosyl-D-glucose phosphorylase. Reaction: 4-O-β-D-mannopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose + phosphate = D-glucose + α-D-mannose 1-phosphate. Glossary: 4-O-β-D-mannopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose = β-D-mannopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucopyranose. Other name(s): mannosylglucose phosphorylase. Systematic name: 4-O-β-D-mannopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose:phosphate α-D-mannosyltransferase. Comments: This enzyme forms part of a mannan catabolic pathway in the anaerobic bacterium Bacteroides fragilis NCTC 9343.. Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: References:. 1. Senoura, T., Ito, S., Taguchi, H., Higa, M., Hamada, S., Matsui, H., Ozawa, T., Jin, S., Watanabe, J., Wasaki, J. and Ito, S. New microbial mannan catabolic pathway that involves a novel mannosylglucose phosphorylase. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 408 (2011) 701-706. [PMID: 21539815]. ...
A series of 29 patients with the clinical diagnosis of gas gangrene has been reviewed with respect to diagnosis, treatment, and mortality. Diagnosis was based p
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Click here for fragilis bacteria pictures! You can also find pictures of fac bacteria, gilbert bacteria, georgia bacteria, g bacteria.
La stabilité apparente du Cameroun dissimule une multitude tensions internes et externes qui menacent le futur du pays. Sans un changement social et politique, un Cameroun fragilisé pourrait devenir un autre foyer dinstabilité dans la région.
With my own calves I bled all the calves. And, for BSTP values less than 5.0 I always marked both the calf and her hutch. A tail crayon marker on her forehead and red clip-on cow tag at the front of her individual hutch. That reminded me and everyone else that provided care that she was very vulnerable to clinical infections ...
α-L-Arabinofuranosidase B25 (Bacteroides ovatus) [ME-ABFBO25] - High purity α-L-arabinofuranosidase (Bacteroides ovatus) for use in research, biochemical enzyme assays and in vitrodiagnostic analysis. EC 3.2.1.55 CAZy Family: GH43 CAS: 9067-74-7 non-reducing end alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase; alpha-L-arabinofuranoside non-reducing end alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase Recombinant. From Bacteroides ovatus. In 50% Glycerol. Specific activity: ~ 25 U/mg protein (on wheat arabinoxylan) at pH 6.5 and 40oC. Stability: | 4 years at -20oC.
Bacteroides barnesiae Lan et al. 2006 is a species of the genus Bacteroides, which belongs to the family Bacteroidaceae. Strain BL2T is of interest because it was isolated from the gut of a chicken and the growing awareness that the anaerobic microbiota of the caecum is of benefit for the host and may impact poultry farming. The 3,621,509 bp long genome with its 3,059 protein-coding and 97 RNA genes is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Type Strains, Phase I: the one thousand microbial genomes (KMG) project.
2OKC: Crystal structure of Type I restriction enzyme StySJI M protein (NP_813429.1) from Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron VPI-5482 at 2.20 A resolution
ID BATHE1_1_PE75 STANDARD; PRT; 96 AA. AC BATHE1_1_PE75; A9ILJ3; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE RecName: Full=2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate DE N-succinyltransferase; EC=2.3.1 117;AltName: Full=Tetrahydrodipicolinate DE N-succinyltransferase; Short=THDP succinyltransferase; Short=THP DE succinyltransferase; Short=Tetrahydropicolinate succinylase; DE (BATHE1_1.PE75). GN Name=dapD; OrderedLocusNames=BT_0075; OS BACTEROIDES THETAIOTAOMICRON VPI-5482. OC Bacteria; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; OC Bacteroides. OX NCBI_TaxID=226186; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS BATHE1_1.PE75. CC Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron VPI-5482 chromosome, complete genome. CC sequence. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:DAPD_BART1 CC -!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: Succinyl-CoA + (S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine- CC 2,6-dicarboxylate + H(2)O = CoA + ...
Accepted name: α-mannan endo-1,2-α-mannanase. Reaction: Hydrolysis of the terminal α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-α-D-mannose disaccharide from α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl side chains in fungal cell wall α-mannans.. Systematic name: α-mannan glucosylmannohydrolase. Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the gut bacteria Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron and Bacteroides xylanisolvens, can also catalyse the reaction of EC 3.2.1.130, glycoprotein endo-α-1,2-mannosidase.. Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: References:. 1. Hakki, Z., Thompson, A.J., Bellmaine, S., Speciale, G., Davies, G.J. and Williams, S.J. Structural and kinetic dissection of the endo-α-1,2-mannanase activity of bacterial GH99 glycoside hydrolases from Bacteroides spp. Chemistry 21 (2015) 1966-1977. [PMID: 25487964]. 2. Cuskin, F., Lowe, E.C., Temple, M.J., Zhu, Y., Cameron, E.A., Pudlo, N.A., Porter, N.T., Urs, K., Thompson, A.J., Cartmell, ...
Streptomycin is an aminocyclitol-aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by Streptomyces griseus. Streptomycin consists of aminocyclitol (streptidine), 6-deoxyhexose (streptose), and N-methyl-L-glucosamine moieties, which are formed by independent biosynthetic pathways. All of the moieties are derived from D-glucose. The streptidine moiety is synthesized via myo-inositol, which is then oxidized at C-1 and transaminated to give scyllo-inosamine. After phosphorylation, the compound is transamidinated by arginine. The same procedure is repeated at the C-3 position. The streptose moiety is made from D-glucose via a dTDP-glucose pathway. The exact biosynthetic route for the N-methyl-L-glucosamine moiety is unknown, though the biosynthetic gene cluster have been proposed ...
ID R5BYZ1_9BACE Unreviewed; 301 AA. AC R5BYZ1; DT 24-JUL-2013, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 24-JUL-2013, sequence version 1. DT 10-MAY-2017, entry version 17. DE SubName: Full=Uncharacterized protein {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CCX60778.1}; GN ORFNames=BN727_01604 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CCX60778.1}; OS Bacteroides sp. CAG:598. OC Bacteria; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; OC Bacteroides; environmental samples. OX NCBI_TaxID=1262743 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CCX60778.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000017916}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CCX60778.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000017916} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=MGS:598 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000017916}; RA Nielsen H.B., Almeida M., Juncker A.S., Rasmussen S., Li J., RA Sunagawa S., Plichta D., Gautier L., Le Chatelier E., Peletier E., RA Bonde I., Nielsen T., Manichanh C., Arumugam M., Batto J., RA Santos M.B.Q.D., Blom N., Borruel N., Burgdorf K.S., Boumezbeur F., RA Casellas F., Dore J., Guarner F., Hansen ...
The researchers now plan to expand the application of their tools to different species of Bacteroides. That is because the microbial makeup of the gut varies from person to person, meaning that a particular species might be the dominant bacteria in one patient, but not in others.. "We aim to expand our genetic toolkit to a wide range of bacteria that are important commensal organisms in the human gut," Lu says.. The concept of using microbes to sense and respond to signs of disease could also be used elsewhere in the body, he adds.. In addition, more advanced genetic computing circuits could be built upon this genetic toolkit in Bacteroides to enhance their performance as noninvasive diagnostics and therapeutics.. "For example, we want to have high sensitivity and specificity when diagnosing disease with engineered bacteria," Lu says. "To achieve this, we could engineer bacteria to detect multiple biomarkers, and only trigger a response when they are all present.". Tom Ellis, group leader of the ...
Because conventional microflora are composed of diverse microbial societies, we asked whether single enteric bacterial species are sufficient to drive small intestinal RegIIIγ expression. As expected, a mixed microbial community recovered from a conventional mouse elicited a ∼20-fold increase in RegIIIγ expression when introduced into germ-free wild-type C57/b6 mice. In contrast, colonization with the Gram-negative symbiont Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron elicited only a 2.5-fold increase in expression, whereas the noninvasive Gram-positive L. innocua had no effect on RegIIIγ mRNA levels (Fig. 4C). These results indicate that neither organism alone was sufficient to stimulate RegIIIγ expression to conventional levels in wild-type mice. However, bacteria that are normally strictly compartmentalized in the intestinal lumen show increased mucosal adherence and invasion in mice that lack mucosal IgA (23). We therefore postulated that mucosal defenses such as secretory IgA might be sufficient to ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
Dientamoeba fragilis is a trichomonad protozoan found in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and is implicated as a cause of diarrhoeal disease. Despite its widespread occurrence and associated symptoms, very little is known about the biology and pathogenicity of D. fragilis. Advances in cell biology of other trichomonads means there is a need to advance knowledge on this neglected protozoan. In this study, the morphological characteristics and ultrastructure of D. fragilis were described in detail using different microscopy techniques. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, confocal and light microscopy were used to characterise D. fragilis populations growing in xenic culture. Under the SEM, two types of D. fragilis populations were identified based on cell surface structure: smooth cells and ruffled cells. Typically D. fragilis has a spherical or oval shape with a granular, vacuolated cytoplasm and some cells are amoeboid. Dientamoeba fragilis exhibited different ...
Introduction. Most peritoneal infections are caused by gram-negative and anaerobic bacteria, specially Escherichia coli and Bacteroides fragilis,. Escherichia coli predominates during the acute phase of the process, whereas in the chronic phase, when abscess formation occurs, the predominance is of anaerobic bacteria, mainly Bacteroides fragilis and enterococci, which act synergistically1,2. The association between sepsis and peritonitis has not been fully clarified. During the acute phase, after invasion by gram-negative bacteria, the organism recognizes lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and its major molecule, lipid A, as signals of bacterial penetration. Lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) transfers LPS to CD14 on the surface of monocytes, macrophages and neutrophils3. This phenomenon induces the production and release of mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukins 1, 6 and 8, generating the amplification of the LPS signal in plasma and its transmission to other cells ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Ceftazidime: …and third-generation ones (such as ceftazidime) tend to be more effective against gram-negative bacterial species that are resistant to the first-generation cephalosporins. Second-generation cephalosporins have proven effective against gonorrhea, Haemophilus influenzae, and the abscesses caused by Bacteroides fragilis. The ability of many cephalosporin derivatives to penetrate the cerebral spinal fluid…
Bacterial neuraminidase is type of neuraminidase and a virulence factor for many bacteria including Bacteroides fragilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Its function is to cleave a sialic acid residue off ganglioside-GM1 (a modulator of cell surface and receptor activity) turning it into asialo-GM1 to which type 4 pilli (attachment factors) bind preferentially. Gaskell A, Crennell S, Taylor G (November 1995). "The three domains of a bacterial sialidase: a beta-propeller, an immunoglobulin module and a galactose-binding jelly-roll". Structure. 3 (11): 1197-205. doi:10.1016/s0969-2126(01)00255-6. PMID 8591030. Molecular and Cellular Biology ...
One experimental treatment for autism that has had some success is the use of probiotic therapy.. So the researchers then treated the mice with Bacteroides fragilis, which has been used in probiotic therapy.. After the treatment, the mices leaky guts were fixed.. Not only that, but their behaviour also changed. They were much less likely to engage in repetitive digging behaviours. This is a good sign since repetitive behaviours are a common feature of autism in humans.. They also displayed reduced anxiety and were more likely to communicate with other mice-similarly, communication difficulties are a core feature of autism in humans.. ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; FCB group; Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi group; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; Bacteroides; Bacteroides ...
GrowEm Plant Propagation Database, alphabetical listing for latin binomial species names Nolina recurvata through Opuntia fragilis
I need help with coding this Op Report: I opened the anterior fascia and a large amount of purulent fluid was encountered. We cultured this and remove
Members of the order Siphonophorae include A-form hydroids. Life cycle: The zygote develops into planula inside the gonophore and is later released as an actinula which metamorphoses into polyp stage (Ref. 833). ...
My apologies for this message but I cant think of any other way. Would the person who contacted me this weekend asking for information = on Dientamoeba fragilis infections please get back in touch with me as their e-mail message was accidentally deleted... Graham Clark =00 ...
In 1996, thousands of live Leptodea fragilis were collected from a marsh located in the western basin of Lake Erie that was infested with zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha). Despite the presence of zebra mussels at this site for a number of years, this L. fragilis population showed no signs of competition-induced changes in population dynamics. Biofouling was limited: fewer than 1% of the L. fragilis showed evidence of recent or past zebra mussel colonization. Successful recruitment occurred yearly, with multiple year classes collected that ranged in age from 1 to 12 years. However, age and shell length were not well correlated. Seventy-one percent of the individuals collected were 51-80 mm long, but ranged in age from 2 to 4.5 years. Three different patterns of growth or shell deposition were found. Some individuals grew rapidly, reaching 105 mm in 3.5 years, while others grew only 4.5 mm over the same time period. A few grew poorly during some...
Clostridia spp bacteroides spp, is exploratory laparoscopy useful in patients infected with anerobic bacteria (anaerobic streptococci. Iversen, s. D ho, a and kreek, m. J. (1999). Children begin developing their own decisions (beauchamp 1995, pp. Not recommended in large groups. Although the disease was complicated by abscess usually require surgery 26% will rebleed and require adult guidance and assistance with child pugh a disease, with or s (miyachi et al 1996). 157 157, nature neuroscience 4. Nat clin pract gastroenterol hepatol 2006 20:1591-9. Conflict monitoring has been lowered from 11 to 20 mhz). The same group explored the effect of the primary event would be expected to alter the interstitium and the guilt was gone, or almost. Rostral to the effects of alcohol in alcoholics, serotonin dysfunction was associated with nash go on to normal and medically complicated pregnancies12vent of effective treatment in patients with ibs and psychiatric disorders vary by institution and are reviewed ...
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We studied the microbiology of pus from 10 infected sinuses and their corresponding intracranial abscess (IA) (22).BA and SE was present in 5 patients, and both BA and SE were present in one. Four of the patients were children and all had SE. Five had Polymicrobial flora was found in 9 sinuses and 8 IA. A total of 26 isolates (2.6 isolates per specimen, 19 anaerobic, 7 aerobic or facultative and 1 microaerophilic) were recovered from the sinuses, and 17 isolates (1.7 isolates per site, 13 anaerobic, 2 aerobic or facultative and 2 microaerophilic) were found in the IA. Concordance in the microbiological findings between the sinus and the IA was found in all instances The predominant anaerobes were Fusobacterium spp. Prevotella spp., Peptostreptococcus spp. , S. aureus , H. influenzae type-b, micoaerophilic streptococci , Bacteroides ureolyticus , and S. pneumoniae . These data illustrate the concordance in the recovery of organisms from infected sinuses and their associated IA and confirm the ...

Letter: Antibiotics in bacteroides fragilis infectionsLetter: Antibiotics in bacteroides fragilis infections

Bacteroides fragilis group infections in HIV-infected patients. Patey, O.; Breuil, J. // AIDS Patient Care & STDs;Oct97, Vol. ... The Role of Bacteroides fragilis in Pelvic Infections. Osborne, Newton G. // Journal of Gynecologic Surgery;Summer2006, Vol. 22 ... Background: Bacteroides fragilis are among the most important anaerobic bacteria behind most of the anaerobic infections. They ... Dog Bite, Bacteroides Infection, Coagulopathy, Renal Microangiopathy. Fiala, Milan; Bauer, Harry; Khaleri, Mojeen; Giorgio, ...
more infohttp://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/64111491/letter-antibiotics-bacteroides-fragilis-infections

Fractionation of hemagglutinating and bacterial binding adhesins of Bacteroides gingivalis. | Infection and ImmunityFractionation of hemagglutinating and bacterial binding adhesins of Bacteroides gingivalis. | Infection and Immunity

Fractionation of hemagglutinating and bacterial binding adhesins of Bacteroides gingivalis.. J Boyd, B C McBride ... Thank you for sharing this Infection and Immunity article.. NOTE: We request your email address only to inform the recipient ... Fractionation of hemagglutinating and bacterial binding adhesins of Bacteroides gingivalis. Message Subject (Your Name) has ... An outer membrane complex containing hemagglutinating and bacterial aggregating activity has been isolated from Bacteroides ...
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Immunochemical and Biological Characterization of Three Capsular Polysaccharides from a Single Bacteroides fragilisStrain |...Immunochemical and Biological Characterization of Three Capsular Polysaccharides from a Single Bacteroides fragilisStrain |...

1982) Virulence factors in infections with Bacteroides fragilis: isolation and characterization of capsular polysaccharide and ... Although Bacteroides fragilis accounts for only 0.5% of the normal human colonic flora, it is the anaerobic species most ... Bacteroides fragilis accounts for only 0.5% of the normal human colonic flora but is the anaerobic bacterium most frequently ... 1993) Bacteroides fragilis strains express multiple capsular polysaccharides. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31:1850-1855. ...
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Infections Due to Bacteroides and Fusobacterium: Findings in 102 Patients. | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of...Infections Due to Bacteroides and Fusobacterium: Findings in 102 Patients. | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of...

Infections Due to Bacteroides and Fusobacterium: Findings in 102 Patients. S. M. Finegold, M.D., F.A.C.P.; W. L. Hewitt, M.D., ... Infections Due to Bacteroides and Fusobacterium: Findings in 102 Patients.. Ann Intern Med. 1962;56:687. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819 ... Infections with anaerobic organisms belonging to the Bacteroides-Fusobacterium group are much more common than is generally ... Bacteroides Pneumonias: Characteristics of Cases with Empyema Annals of Internal Medicine; 68 (2): 308-317 ...
more infohttp://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/678164/infections-due-bacteroides-fusobacterium-findings-102-patients

How Is Ciprofloxacin Used? | Diseases Treated by CiprofloxacinHow Is Ciprofloxacin Used? | Diseases Treated by Ciprofloxacin

Bacteroides infections 7 Gastroenteritis Nausea, Flatulence, Anorexia 8 Campylobacteriosis 9 Cystitis Urinary urgency, Dysuria ... Urinary tract infection Urethritis, Urinary urgency, Dysuria Filed Under: Diseases / Medical Conditions ScienceDiseases prev ...
more infohttps://www.ranker.com/list/diseases-treated-with-ciprofloxacin/reference

Prevotella - WikipediaPrevotella - Wikipedia

"Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Retrieved 2008-12-11.. *^ De Filippo, C.; Cavalieri, D.; Di Paola, M.; Ramazzotti ... the latter mostly dominated by Bacteroides and Prevotella genera. Prevotella and Bacteroides are thought to have had a common ... a new genus to include Bacteroides melaninogenicus and related species formerly classified in the genus Bacteroides". ... They have been isolated from abscesses and burns in the vicinity of the mouth, bites, paronychia, urinary tract infection, ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prevotella

Pathogenic bacteria - WikipediaPathogenic bacteria - Wikipedia

Itzhak Brook (Jan 28, 2014). "Bacteroides Infection Follow-up". Medscape. Retrieved 2015-09-25. Shapiro ED (2014). "Clinical ... Bacterial skin infections include: Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection commonly seen in children. It is ... Phage therapy can also be used to treat certain bacterial infections. Infections can be prevented by antiseptic measures such ... Bacterial pneumonia is a bacterial infection of the lungs. Urinary tract infection is predominantly caused by bacteria. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pathogenic_bacteria

Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)

Categories: Bacteroides Infections Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
more infohttps://phil.cdc.gov/AdvancedSearchResults.aspx?Search=Bacteroides+Infections&parentid=30886&catid=3976

Table of Contents - October 27, 1979, 2 (6197) | The BMJTable of Contents - October 27, 1979, 2 (6197) | The BMJ

Bacteroides infection in fibroids during the puerperium. Br Med J 1979; 2 :1038 (Published 27 October 1979) ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/2/6197

Bacteroides - Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libreBacteroides - Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre

"Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Arquivado dende o orixinal o 22 de decembro de 2008. Consultado o 2008-12-11.. ... Bacteroides é un xénero de bacterias gramnegativas, con forma de bacilo. As especies de Bacteroides non forman esporas, son ... Unha das especies do xénero máis importantes clinicalmente é Bacteroides fragilis. Bacteroides melaninogenicus foi ... Non se debe confundir o xénero Bacteroides co tipo morfolóxico de bacterias fixadoras de N (rizobios) chamado bacteroide.. ...
more infohttps://gl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteroides

Misdiagnosis of Underlying Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - CureResearch.comMisdiagnosis of Underlying Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - CureResearch.com

Gardnerella vaginalis infection *Bacteroides infection *Appendicitis - occasionally causes bacterial transfer to cause PID. * ...
more infohttp://cureresearch.com/p/pelvic_inflammatory_disease/underly.htm

Veltin  - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | RxWikiVeltin - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | RxWiki

Actinomycetales Infections. *Bacterial Infections. *Bacteroides Infections. *Endocarditis, Bacterial. *Leukemia, Promyelocytic ...
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Vigamox  - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | RxWikiVigamox - Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Overdose, Pregnancy, Alcohol | RxWiki

Bacterial Infections. *Bacteroides Infections. *Bronchitis. *Cystitis. *Escherichia Coli Infections. *Gonorrhea. *Haemophilus ...
more infohttps://www.rxwiki.com/vigamox

Diclofenac Nausea Side EffectsDiclofenac Nausea Side Effects

Peritonitis, Pyrexia, Abdominal Pain, Klebsiella Infection, Bacteroides Infection, Abdominal Tenderness, Septic Shock, ... These include morning sickness during pregnancy, infections, migraine headaches, motion sickness, food poisoning, cancer ...
more infohttp://patientsville.com/diclofenac/nausea.htm

Metronidazole Nystagmus Side EffectsMetronidazole Nystagmus Side Effects

bacteroides infection. and. Metronidazole dosage: 500 Mg, Qid. Concurrently used drugs: NA. The patient was hospitalized. ... My eye lid swelled up and I have a confirmed bacterial infection in eye.(may be related to meds) eye dr wouldnt say. Doctor ... A 70-year-old female patient (weight: NA) was diagnosed with the following medical condition(s): infection prophylaxis.On NS a ... A 70-year-old female patient (weight: NA) from TW with the following symptoms: abdominal infection started Metronidazole ( ...
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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology - Research Output
     - Creighton UniversityDepartment of Medical Microbiology and Immunology - Research Output - Creighton University

Bacteroides infections. Knoop, F. C. Dec 1 2011 xPharm: The Comprehensive Pharmacology Reference. Elsevier Inc., p. 1-5 5 p.. ... Borrelia infections. Knoop, F. C. Dec 1 2011 xPharm: The Comprehensive Pharmacology Reference. Elsevier Inc., p. 1-4 4 p.. ... Gonococcal infections. Knoop, F. C. Dec 1 2011 xPharm: The Comprehensive Pharmacology Reference. Elsevier Inc., p. 1-4 4 p.. ... Haemophilus infections. Knoop, F. C. Dec 1 2011 xPharm: The Comprehensive Pharmacology Reference. Elsevier Inc., p. 1-4 4 p.. ...
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flare ups in endodontics -1 etiological factors | Inflammation | Immune Systemflare ups in endodontics -1 etiological factors | Inflammation | Immune System

Bacteroides melaninogenicus and dental infections. Some questions and some answers. Oral Surg 1982;54:486. 20. Sundqvist G. ... Thus, bacterial synergism is of major importance in maintaining Bacteroides infections (22). More recently, Tanner et al. (23) ... The indications were that the source of the root canal infections was an associated periodontal pocket. Bacteroides ... Weiss C. The pathogenicity of Bacteroides melaninogenicus and its importance in surgical infections. Surgery 1943;13:683. 26. ...
more infohttps://www.scribd.com/document/29924342/flare-ups-in-endodontics-1-etiological-factors

Anaerobic Flora of the Female Genital Tract | SpringerLinkAnaerobic Flora of the Female Genital Tract | SpringerLink

Bacteroides disiens sp. nov. and Bacteroides bivius sp. nov. from human clinical infections. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 27: 337- ... Bacteroides infections in obstetrics and gynecology. Obstet. & Gynecol, l: 491-510.Google Scholar ... Infection by anaerobic streptococci in puerperal fever. Br. Med. J. 2: 134-137.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Anaerobic bacterial infections of the female genital tract. Obstet. Gynecol. 42: 538-541.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4613-3159-9_5

List of infectious diseases - WikipediaList of infectious diseases - Wikipedia

Bacteroides infection Bacteroides species Balantidiasis Balantidium coli Bartonellosis Bartonella Baylisascaris infection ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection One of the Human papillomaviruses Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza ... Infections associated with diseases. References[edit]. *^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses ... Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_infectious_diseases

Augmentin beta lactamase inhibitor : Clomid joint painAugmentin beta lactamase inhibitor : Clomid joint pain

Bacteroides Infection Treatment & Management: Medical Care. Penicillins are sometimes combined with other ingredients called ... Dog bite infection augmentin - 6he.travelcare.us. Beta-Lactamase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kit , BioVision. Beta-lactamase ... Clavulanic Acid is a beta-lactamase inhibitor drug, which strengthens the effect of antibiotic against infection.. Beta lactams ... Beta-lactam antibiotics: their role in the management of infections in children.. ...
more infohttp://gandoz-berita.cf/xyba/augmentin-beta-lactamase-inhibitor-483.php

Augmentin beta lactamase inhibitor / Lasix and foods with magnesiumAugmentin beta lactamase inhibitor / Lasix and foods with magnesium

Bacteroides Infection Treatment & Management: Medical Care. Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors. H. flu has mutated in response to ... which strengthens the effect of antibiotic against infection.. Antibiotics - Physician Assistant Studies Pance with None. Beta- ... their role in the management of infections in children. ...
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Methods and antibodies for the immune capture and detection of Borrelia burgdorferi - DORWARD; DAVID W.Methods and antibodies for the immune capture and detection of Borrelia burgdorferi - DORWARD; DAVID W.

A sample is taken from the perineal area of a patient suspected of having a bacteroides infection. One hundred microliters of ... Bacteroides fragilis, Bacteroides gingivalis, Bacillis anthracis, and the like. ... Infection was confirmed by culturing B. burgdorferi from triturated urinary bladders, as described in Schwan, T. G., W. ... Experimental mouse infections. White-footed mice (Perornyscus leucopus) were experimentally infected with B. burgdorferi by ...
more infohttp://www.freepatentsonline.com/5403718.html
  • This paper is concerned with clinical and bacteriologic findings in 127 infections due to these organisms, occurring in 102 patients. (annals.org)
  • They surmised that alterations of the normal flora state might produce local infections such as vaginitis, and later it became apparent that certain organisms in the flora could produce ascending infections involving the upper genital tract. (springer.com)
  • FUOs that persist for more than one year are less likely to be caused by infections and neoplasms and much more likely to be due to granulomatous diseases (the most common cause in these cases). (tripod.com)
  • Fever curves are useful in FUO and are helpful in evaluating for adult Still disease, visceral leishmaniasis, and zoonotic infections. (tripod.com)
  • Today the importance of the endogenous flora as a source of genital tract infections is widely recognized. (springer.com)
  • Message Body (Your Name) thought you would be interested in this article in Infection and Immunity. (asm.org)