Infections with bacteria of the genus BACTEROIDES.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are normal inhabitants of the oral, respiratory, intestinal, and urogenital cavities of humans, animals, and insects. Some species may be pathogenic.
Any type of abortion, induced or spontaneous, that is associated with infection of the UTERUS and its appendages. It is characterized by FEVER, uterine tenderness, and foul discharge.
An antibacterial agent that is a semisynthetic analog of LINCOMYCIN.
Gram-negative bacteria occurring in the lower intestinal tracts of man and other animals. It is the most common species of anaerobic bacteria isolated from human soft tissue infections.
A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium has been isolated from the mouth, urine, feces, and infections of the mouth, soft tissue, respiratory tract, urogenital tract, and intestinal tract. It is pathogenic, but usually in association with other kinds of organisms.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of humans and other animals. No endospores are formed. Some species are pathogenic and occur in various purulent or gangrenous infections.
ENDOCARDIUM infection that is usually caused by STREPTOCOCCUS. Subacute infective endocarditis evolves over weeks and months with modest toxicity and rare metastatic infection.
Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.
The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.
Infections with bacteria of the genus FUSOBACTERIUM.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
Substances that are toxic to the intestinal tract causing vomiting, diarrhea, etc.; most common enterotoxins are produced by bacteria.
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
ENDOPEPTIDASES which use a metal such as ZINC in the catalytic mechanism.
A voltage-gated sodium channel subtype that is expressed in nociceptors, including spinal and trigeminal sensory neurons. It plays a role in the transmission of pain signals induced by cold, heat, and mechanical stimuli.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A substance occurring in the urine of mammals and also in blood plasma as the normal metabolite of tryptophan. An increased urinary excretion of indican is seen in Hartnup disease from the bacterial degradation of unabsorbed tryptophan.
A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.
A group of adenine ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each adenine ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is used as an EDIBLE GRAIN. Although the seeds are used as cereal, the plant is not one of the cereal grasses (POACEAE).
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
A dermal inflammatory reaction produced under conditions of antibody excess, when a second injection of antigen produces intravascular antigen-antibody complexes which bind complement, causing cell clumping, endothelial damage, and vascular necrosis.
A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.
Endodontic procedure performed to induce TOOTH APEX barrier development. ROOT CANAL FILLING MATERIALS are used to repair open apex or DENTAL PULP NECROSIS in an immature tooth. CALCIUM HYDROXIDE and mineral trioxide aggregate are commonly used as the filling materials.
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The lymph or fluid of dentin. It is a transudate of extracellular fluid, mainly cytoplasm of odontoblastic processes, from the dental pulp via the dentinal tubules. It is also called dental lymph. (From Stedman, 26th ed, p665)
The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
An inflammatory reaction involving the folds of the skin surrounding the fingernail. It is characterized by acute or chronic purulent, tender, and painful swellings of the tissues around the nail, caused by an abscess of the nail fold. The pathogenic yeast causing paronychia is most frequently Candida albicans. Saprophytic fungi may also be involved. The causative bacteria are usually Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or Streptococcus. (Andrews' Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p271)
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, nonsporeforming, nonmotile rods. Organisms of this genus had originally been classified as members of the BACTEROIDES genus but overwhelming biochemical and chemical findings in 1990 indicated the need to separate them from other Bacteroides species, and hence, this new genus was established.
Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the lung parenchyma as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.
A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium is a common commensal in the gingival crevice and is often isolated from cases of gingivitis and other purulent lesions related to the mouth.
Localized circumscribed purulent area of inflammation in the periodontal tissue. It is a derivative of marginal periodontitis and commonly associated with suprabony and infrabony pockets and interradicular involvements, in contrast to periapical abscess which is attributable to pulp necrosis.
A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.

Clindamycin plus gentamicin as expectant therapy for presumed mixed infections. (1/368)

The prevalence of obligate anaerobes was studied prospectively in 60 patients with severe sepsis of intra-abdominal, soft tissue, female genital or oropulmonary origin. In addition, the efficacy of clindamycin (for anaerobes) plus gentamicin (for aerobic bacteria, especially coliforms) as initial empiric therapy in these patients was evaluated. Among 54 patients with cultural proof of infection, anaerobic pathogens were recovered from 52%. Nineteen patients had bacteremia; Bacteroides fragilis and Klebsiella pneumoniae were the most prevalent pathogens, being isolated in five patients each. Infection was eradicated in 56 of the 60 patients (93%). Mortality related to sepsis was 7% in the entire group, 16% in patients with bacteremia and 2% in patients without bacteremia. Eighty-five percent of aerobic isolates tested were susceptible in vitro to either gentamicin or clindamycin; 97% of anaerobic isolates were inhibited by 5 mug/ml of clindamycin.  (+info)

The in-vitro activity of linezolid (U-100766) and tentative breakpoints. (2/368)

The in-vitro activity of linezolid, a novel oxazolidinone, was investigated in comparison with those of amoxycillin, cefuroxime, quinupristin/dalfopristin, trovafloxacin and vancomycin against 420 recent Gram-positive and anaerobic clinical isolates. Linezolid was equally active (MIC90 1 mg/L) against methicillin-susceptible and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It demonstrated uniform activity against streptococci and enterococci and no cross-resistance with other agents. The time-kill kinetic data demonstrated that the in-vitro activity of linezolid was predominantly bacteriostatic; slow bactericidal activity was only observed at the higher concentration with streptococci. An increase in inoculum from 10(4) to 10(6) cfu on selected strains had little effect on the MICs (MIC90 within one dilution step) of linezolid and an increase in inoculum from 10(5) to 10(7) cfu/mL had no notable effect on the in-vitro bactericidal activity. A tentative linezolid breakpoint of 2 mg/L was chosen after analysis of distribution of susceptibilities.  (+info)

TNF-binding protein ameliorates inhibition of skeletal muscle protein synthesis during sepsis. (3/368)

We examined the effects of TNF-binding protein (TNFBP) on regulatory mechanisms of muscle protein synthesis during sepsis in four groups of rats: Control; Control+TNFBP; Septic; and Septic+TNFBP. Saline (1. 0 ml) or TNFBP (1 mg/kg, 1.0 ml) was injected daily starting 4 h before the induction of sepsis. The effect of TNFBP on gastrocnemius weight, protein content, and the rate of protein synthesis was examined 5 days later. Sepsis reduced the rate of protein synthesis by 35% relative to controls by depressing translational efficiency. Decreases in protein synthesis were accompanied by similar reductions in protein content and muscle weight. Treatment of septic animals with TNFBP for 5 days prevented the sepsis-induced inhibition of protein synthesis and restored translational efficiency to control values. TNFBP treatment of Control rats for 5 days was without effect on muscle protein content or protein synthesis. We also assessed potential mechanisms regulating translational efficiency. The phosphorylation state of p70(S6) kinase was not altered by sepsis. Sepsis reduced the gastrocnemius content of eukaryotic initiation factor 2Bepsilon (eIF2Bepsilon), but not eIF2alpha. The decrease in eIF2Bepsilon content was prevented by treatment of septic rats with TNFBP. TNFBP ameliorates the sepsis-induced changes in protein metabolism in gastrocnemius, indicating a role for TNF in the septic process. The data suggest that TNF may impair muscle protein synthesis by reducing expression of specific initiation factors during sepsis.  (+info)

Characterization of bacteroides melaninogenicus. (4/368)

Fifty-eight human isolates of Bacteroides melaninogenicus, 42 from a variety of clinical infections and the rest from normal flora, were studied for pigment production and ultraviolet light fluorescence and by forty biochemical and other tests, including end-product analysis by gas-liquid chromatography. In a number of instances, tests were repeated several times and the results were reproducible. Agar plate dilution susceptibility tests were also performed to 12 antimicrobial agents. These 58 strains could be reliably placed into three groups, corresponding to the three subspecies described, based on seven characteristics. These included acid production in peptone-yeast-glucose medium, production of n-butyric acid from peptone-yeast-glucose medium, esculin hydrolysis, starch hydrolysis, indole production, effect on milk, and lipase production. Production of hydrogen gas in peptone-yeast-fructose medium may be another distinguishing characteristic. In general there was not much difference in the susceptibility of the three groups to the various antimicrobial agents tested. Two strains had a minimal inhibitory concentration of penicillin G of 16 and 32 U/ml, respectively. Three strains did not produce a black pigment in spite of prolonged incubation on blood-containing media.  (+info)

Differential induction of colitis and gastritis in HLA-B27 transgenic rats selectively colonized with Bacteroides vulgatus or Escherichia coli. (5/368)

Resident bacteria play an important role in initiating and perpetuating gastrointestinal inflammation. We previously demonstrated that six commensal bacteria including Bacteroides vulgatus caused more aggressive colitis and gastritis in HLA-B27 transgenic rats than did the other five bacteria without B. vulgatus. This study compared the degree of gastrointestinal inflammation in gnotobiotic HLA-B27 transgenic rats monoassociated with either B. vulgatus or Escherichia coli. Gnotobiotic transgenic rats raised in Trexler isolators were selectively colonized with either B. vulgatus or E. coli. Control rats were either germfree or colonized with six common commensal bacteria (Streptococcus faecium, E. coli, Streptococcus avium, Eubacterium contortum, Peptostreptococcus productus, and B. vulgatus [DESEP-B]). After 1 month, all the rats were killed and tissues were prepared for histologic and biochemical evaluation. Colitis induced by B. vulgatus monoassociation was almost equal to that in DESEP-B-colonized rats and was significantly more severe than E. coli-induced colitis, which was absent by histological testing and mild by colonic myeloperoxidase and interleukin-1beta concentration determinations. However, gastritis was detectable only in DESEP-B-associated rats. These studies suggest that not all resident bacteria have equal proinflammatory capabilities, since B. vulgatus alone is more active than E. coli alone in inducing colitis, and that colitis and gastritis result from different luminal bacterial stimuli.  (+info)

Analysis of a capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis locus of Bacteroides fragilis. (6/368)

A major clinical manifestation of infection with Bacteroides fragilis is the formation of intra-abdominal abscesses, which are induced by the capsular polysaccharides of this organism. Transposon mutagenesis was used to locate genes involved in the synthesis of capsular polysaccharides. A 24,454-bp region was sequenced and found to contain a 15,379-bp locus (designated wcf) with 16 open reading frames (ORFs) encoding products similar to those encoded by genes of other bacterial polysaccharide biosynthesis loci. Four genes encode products that are similar to enzymes involved in nucleotide sugar biosynthesis. Seven genes encode products that are similar to sugar transferases. Two gene products are similar to O-acetyltransferases, and two products are probably involved in polysaccharide transport and polymerization. The product of one ORF, WcfH, is similar to a set of deacetylases of the NodB family. Deletion mutants demonstrated that the wcf locus is necessary for the synthesis of polysaccharide B, one of the two capsular polysaccharides of B. fragilis 9343. The virulence of the polysaccharide B-deficient mutant was comparable to that of the wild type in terms of its ability to induce abscesses in a rat model of intra-abdominal infection.  (+info)

In vivo protection of Fusobacterium necrophorum from penicillin by Bacteroides fragilis. (7/368)

A mixed infection of Bacteroides fragilis and Fusobacterium necrophorum was resistant to treatment with penicillin even though a pure F. necrophorum infection could be successfully treated with penicillin. Since B. fragilis alone did not produce infection, these results indicate that B. fragilis can protect F. necrophorum from penicillin in vivo. The extent of protection afforded by a strain of B. fragilis was related to its level of resistance to penicillin. Only a few cells of B. fragilis were required in the initial bacterial injection. Moreover, protection was demonstrated when B. fragilis cells were injected as late as 24 h after the F. necrophorum cells. Protection of F. necrophorum from penicillin by B. fragilis was also demonstrated in vitro.  (+info)

Identification of a third metalloprotease toxin gene in extraintestinal isolates of Bacteroides fragilis. (8/368)

To further understand the epidemiology of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF), 89 extraintestinal B. fragilis strains from Seoul, Korea, were examined for secretion of B. fragilis toxin (BFT) by the HT29/C1 biologic assay and for the B. fragilis toxin gene (bft) by colony blot hybridization and PCR. Complete agreement between the three techniques was found. Overall, 34 B. fragilis strains (38%) were identified as ETBF. Eleven of the 34 ETBF strains (32%) expressed a new isoform of BFT (Korea-BFT). This new isoform is more related to BFT-2 than to BFT-1. Like BFT-1 and BFT-2, Korea-BFT cleaves E-cadherin, the zonula adherens protein.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Molecular evolution of the pathogenicity island of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis strains. AU - Franco, Augusto A.. AU - Cheng, Rodney K.. AU - Chung, Gyung Tae. AU - Wu, Shaoguang. AU - Oh, Hee Bok. AU - Sears, Cynthia Louise. PY - 1999/11. Y1 - 1999/11. N2 - Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) strains, which produce a 20- kDa zinc metalloprotease toxin (BFT), have been associated with diarrheal disease in animals and young children. Studying a collection of ETBF and nontoxigenic B. fragilis (NTBF) strains, we found that bft and a second metalloprotease gene (mpII) are contained in an ~6-kb pathogenicity island (termed B. fragilis pathogenicity island or BfPAI) which is present exclusively in all 113 ETBF strains tested (pattern I). Of 191 NTBF strains, 100 (52%) lack both the BfPAI and at least a 12-kb region flanking BfPAI (pattern II), and 82 of 191 NTBF strains (43%) lack the BfPAI but contain the flanking region (pattern III). The nucleotide sequence flanking ...
We identified enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in stool specimens of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and other gastrointestinal disorders. The organism was detected in 11 (13.2%) of 83 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Of 57 patients with active disease, 19.3% were toxin positive; none of those with inactive disease had specimens positive for enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis gene sequences.
ETBF rapidly induces immune cell pStat3, which is independent of epithelial pStat3. This occurs before ETBF-induced mucosal permeability, suggesting that ETBF, likely through B. fragilis toxin and its action on the colonic epithelial cell, triggers mucosal immune cell Stat3 activation. Peak mucosal …
We identified enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in stool specimens of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and other gastrointestinal disorders. The organism was detected in 11 (13.2%) of 83 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Of 57 patients with active disease, 19.3% were toxin positiv …
Of 1284 Bacteroides strains collected in Europe in 2000 for antibiotic susceptibility surveillance, 65 isolates displayed imipenem minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) , or =1 mg/L and were chosen for a thorough analysis of their resistance mechanism. Twenty-five of the isolates were positive for the cfiA carbapenem resistance gene. The resistance rates were 0.8% and 1.3% for imipenem and meropenem, respectively. In six of the strains, insertion sequence (IS) elements (IS613, IS614B, IS1186 and IS1187) activated the cfiA gene. However, other strains displayed at least elevated carbapenem MICs or were carbapenem resistant and produced measurable carbapenemase activities but did not harbour IS elements in the region upstream of the cfiA gene. The major determinant of carbapenem resistance in Bacteroides fragilis is production of CfiA metallo-beta-lactamase via activation of the cfiA gene by IS elements (higher level resistance) or by activation of its putative own promoter.. ...
Bacteroides fragilis is a Gram-negative member of the normal human gut microbiota. The Bacteroidetes constitutes one of the major bacterial phyla in the healthy human gut [1]. However, B. fragilis is also an important opportunistic pathogen, and it is the most frequently isolated anaerobic bacterium in clinical specimens, including abdominal abscesses and bloodstream infections [2]. Indeed, while B. fragilis accounts for only 4 to 13% of the normal human fecal microbiota, it is responsible for 63 to 80% of Bacteroides infections [3]. Only a few virulence factors have been described for B. fragilis, with the best characterized being the polysaccharide (PS) capsule [4] and a secreted metalloprotease, fragilysin [5]. The capsule, which displays antigenic variation, promotes the formation of abscesses [4], and the reduction of pro-inflammatory responses to B. fragilis[4, 6]. The metalloprotease fragilysin, which has been linked to diarrheal disease [5], has activity against the zonula junctions ...
Second and third generation sequencing technologies have revolutionised bacterial genomics. Short-read Illumina reads result in cheap but fragmented assemblies, whereas longer reads are more expensive but result in more complete genomes. The Oxford Nanopore MinION device is a revolutionary mobile sequencer that can produce thousands of long, single molecule reads.|br| We sequenced |em|Bacteroides fragilis|/em| strain BE1 using both the Illumina MiSeq and Oxford Nanopore MinION platforms. We were able to assemble a single chromosome of 5.18 Mb, with no gaps, using publicly available software and commodity computing hardware. We identified gene rearrangements and the state of invertible promoters in the strain. |br| The final assembly and annotations are available from the public archives (EBI/NCBI/DDBJ) and additionally here we provide the assemblies done for comparison from each of the individual technologies and the alignments of the original raw reads to the final assembly.|br|
The immune system protects against infection and disease, but there are numerous examples where it has switched sides, as in autoimmune diseases and in cancer. Cells become cancerous when they acquire genetic mutations that enable them to evade the regular controls on growth. In addition, stomach (Helicobacter pylori) and liver (hepatitis viruses B and C) cancers have been associated with infection-induced inflammation, which involves immune cells, such as macrophages, and inflammation signaling molecules that can promote tumorigenesis. Research on the mechanisms of inflammation-induced carcinogenesis has focused mainly on the innate branch of the immune system, primarily the NF-κB intracellular signaling pathway.. Colorectal cancer has been linked to inflammation of the colon (colitis), which can be caused by bacterial infections. Wu et al. have found that the human bacterium enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF), which induces colitis, can promote colon cancer in a mouse model of the ...
Akhi, Mohammad Taghi and Jedari Seifi, Sirus and Asgharzadeh, Mohammad and Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Mohammad and Abdoli Oskuei, Shahram and Pirzadeh, Tahereh and Memar, Mohammad Yousef and Alizadeh, Naser and Seifi Yarijan Sofla, Hasan (2016) Role of Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in Children Less Than 5 Years of Age with Diarrhea in Tabriz, Iran. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, Inpres (Inpres). ISSN 2008-3645 Akhi, Mohammad Taghi and Ghotaslou, Reza and Beheshtirouy, Samad and Asgharzadeh, Mohammad and Pirzadeh, Tahereh and Asghari, Babak and Alizadeh, Naser and Toloue Ostadgavahi, Ali and Sorayaei Somesaraei, Vida and Memar, Mohammad Yousef (2015) Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Aerobic and Anaerobic Bacteria Isolated From Surgical Site Infection of Hospitalized Patients. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, 8 (7). ISSN 2008-3645 Akhi, Mohammad Taghi and Ghotaslou, Reza and Beheshtirouy, Samad and Asgharzadeh, Mohammad and Pirzadeh, Tahereh and Asghari, Babak and Alizadeh, Naser ...
Work in the Cynthia Sears Laboratory focuses on the bacterial contributions to the development of human colon cancer and the impact of the microbiome on other cancers and the therapy of cancer. The current work involves mouse and human studies to define how enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis, pks+ Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium nucleatum, biofilms and the colonic microbiota induce chronic colonic inflammation and colon cancer. Prospective human studies of the microbiome and biofilms in screening colonoscopy are in progress as are studies to determine if and how the microbiome impacts the response of individuals with cancer to immunotherapy and other cancer therapies ...
Akhi, Mohammad Taghi and Jedari Seifi, Sirus and Asgharzadeh, Mohammad and Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Mohammad and Abdoli Oskuei, Shahram and Pirzadeh, Tahereh and Memar, Mohammad Yousef and Alizadeh, Naser and Seifi Yarijan Sofla, Hasan (2016) Role of Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in Children Less Than 5 Years of Age with Diarrhea in Tabriz, Iran. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, Inpres (Inpres). ISSN 2008-3645 ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Bacteroides fragilis is an obligately anaerobic bacterium that can be isolated from a variety of human infections (2). In the mid-1980s it was recognized that some strains produce an enterotoxin (ET) that can cause acute diarrhea in humans, young lambs, calves, pigs, and foals (6,7). Enterotoxigenic B. fragilis (ETBF) strains have also been isolated from the feces of children with diarrhea (9). Kato et al. (4) showed that B. fragilis blood culture isolates were more likely to be ETBF and suggested that ETBF strains are more virulent than enterotoxin-negative strains. Recently, the enterotoxin gene of B. fragilis has been cloned, sequenced, and identified as producing a zinc metalloprotease of 44.4 kDa (5).. In order to determine the relative frequency of ETBF in different geographic locations, 93 B. fragilis clinical isolates from Germany and Southern California were analyzed. Two PCR assays were used to detect two independent genetic sequences of the B. fragilis enterotoxin gene. In addition, ...
382 aa; Sequence (Fasta) Identical sequences: Bacteroides vulgatus PC510: D4VC18; Bacteroides sp. 3_1_40A: E5UVJ4; Bacteroides sp. 4_3_47FAA: C6Z9F1; Bacteroides vulgatus: A6KX05; Bacteroides vulgatus str. 3975 RP4: A0A069SLD6 ...
Bacteroides vulgatus ATCC ® 8482-MINI-PACK™ Designation: TypeStrain=True Application: ATCC ® 8482-MINI-PACK™ consists of 6 ready-to-use vials of ATCC ® 8482™ frozen in 200 µL of glycerol stock, eliminating the need to rehydrate and culture the strain prior to use. Each vial is provided with a 2-D barcode for easy storage and tracking, as well as peel-off labels for fast and reliable recordkeeping.  Learn more about ATCC ® Minis Developed by the leaders in microbial cultivation and preservation, ATCC ® Minis provide a convenient, ready-to-use solution for handling quality control strains. ATCC ® Minis are authenticated and backed by ATCC polyphasic testing – ensuring the same consistent and reliable reference materials you’ve come to trust for ATCC Genuine Cultures ® . It is easy to ensure the quality of your products with ATCC ® Minis – just open, plate, and go! . Media testing Quality control strain Sterility testing
Bacteroides vulgatus ATCC ® 8482™ Designation: TypeStrain=True Application: Media testing Quality control strain Sterility testing Pharmaceutical and Personal Care
Diagnosis The diagnosis of anaerobic infection is based primarily on symptoms, the patients medical history, and location of the infection. A foul-smelling infection or drainage from an abscess is diagnostic of anaerobic infection. This foul smell is produced by anaerobic bacteria and occurs in one third to one half of patients late in the infection. Other clues to anaerobic infection include tissue necrosis and gas production at the infection site. A sample from the infected site may be obtained, using a swab or a needle and syringe, to determine which bacteria is (are) causing the infection. Because these bacteria can be easily killed by oxygen, they rarely grow in the laboratory cultures of tissue or pus samples. The recent medical history of the patient is helpful in diagnosing anaerobic infection. A patient who has or recently had surgery, dental work, tumors, blood vessel disease, or injury are susceptible to this infection. The failure to improve following treatment with antibiotics that ...
Avila-Campos, Mario Julio et al. Antimicrobial resistance and plasmid detection in strains of the Bacteroides fragilis group. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo, Feb 1993, vol.35, no.1, p.107-110. ISSN 0036- ...
Infections caused by anaerobic bacteria are common and may be serious and life-threatening. Anaerobes are the predominant components of the bacterial flora of
Anaerobic Infections, Central Nervous System. In: Papadakis MA, McPhee SJ, Bernstein J. Papadakis M.A., & McPhee S.J., & Bernstein J(Eds.),Eds. Maxine A. Papadakis, et al.eds. Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2020. McGraw-Hill; Accessed October 25, 2020. https://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2750§ionid=231362258 ...
Anaerobic Infections, Central Nervous System. In: Papadakis MA, McPhee SJ. Papadakis M.A., McPhee S.J. Eds. Maxine A. Papadakis, and Stephen J. McPhee.eds. Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2017 New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; . http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2033§ionid=152401325. Accessed December 18, 2017 ...
Study Flashcards On Q3: Micro: Anaerobic Infections at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
Your basket is currently empty. i ,p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the basket to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later.,p>,a href=/help/basket target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
购买Fragilis兔多克隆抗体(ab15592),Fragilis抗体经WB,IP验证,可与小鼠,大鼠样本反应。17篇文献引用,2个独立用户反馈。中国现货速达。
The results of a multicenter US survey using the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards currently recommended methodology for measuring in vitro susceptibility of 2673 isolates of Bacteroides fragilis group species were compared from 1997 to 2000. The test panel consisted of 14 antibiotics: 3 carbapenems, 3 β-lactam-β-lactamase inhibitors, 3 cephamycins, 2 fluoroquinolones, clindamycin, chloramphenicol, and metronidazole. Declines in the geometric mean minimum inhibitory concentrations were seen with imipenem, meropenem, ampicillin-sulbactam, and the cephamycins. Increased geometric means were observed with the fluoroquinolones and were usually accompanied by an increase in resistance rates. Bacteroides distasonis shows the highest resistance rates among β-lactam antibiotics, whereas Bacteroides vulgatus shows the highest resistance levels among fluoroquinolones. B. fragilis shows the lowest resistance rates for all antibiotics. All strains were susceptible to chloramphenicol ...
The polysaccharide capsule of Bacteroides fragilis has been shown to be important in the virulence of the organism. The capsular polysaccharide (CP) of B. fragilis has been extensively purified. Using a murine model of intraabdominal abscess formation, we have been able to demonstrate cellular immunity to the capsular polysaccharide of B. fragilis. Immunization of C57BL/10J mice with the CP over 5 wk prevents abscess formation when the mice are challenged with B. fragilis intraperitoneally. This immunity can be transferred to naive mice with spleen cells from immune animals. The immune cells bear Thy-1.2 and Ly-2.2 antigens. The immune response has been shown to be antigen specific, but not H-2 restricted. The possibility that these immune cells are suppressor T cells is discussed. The experimental system presented provides a model for the examination of the cellular interactions responsible for abscess formation and the cellular response to bacterial pathogens. ...
Various subspecies of Bacteroides melaninogenicus differ in their pigmentation. Subsp. asaccharolyticus produces protohaem almost exclusively, subsp. intermedicus both protohaem and a smaller proportion of protoporphyrin, and subsp. melaninogenicus mainly protoporphyrin with a trace of protohaem. As a consequence young colonies can be differentiated by their red fluorescence in u.v. light (365nm): subsp. asaccharolyticus does not fluoresce, subsp. intermedicus shows a limited fluorescence, and subsp. melaninogenicus shows a bright fluorescence. The pigments were isolated as the dimethyl esters of protohaemin and of protoporphyrin and identified by electronic spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and comparisons by t.l.c. Incorporation of delta-aminolaevulinate into these pigments was not detected, nor was porphobilinogen formation observed. Subsp. melaninogenicus grown in the presence of [14C]protohaemin formed [14C]protoporphyrin. This appears to represent a novel biological demetallation. ...
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Electron microscopic studies of laboratory-passaged and animal-passaged isolates of Bacteroides fragilis showed significantly more capsular material around the latter. This observation correlated with increased survival of animal-passaged bacteria in rabbit intraperitoneal chambers and increased resistance to phagocytosis and opsonophagocytic killing by neutrophils. With an initial inoculum of 2.5 x 10(6) colony-forming units/ml, the number of bacteria surviving after incubation for 2 hr with neutrophils and pooled normal human serum was significantly (P less than 0.01) greater for animal-passaged than for laboratory-passaged bacteria. Neutrophil uptake of 14C-labeled animal-passaged and laboratory-passaged bacteria after incubation for 20 min was 45% and 63%, respectively (P less than 0.05). No significant difference in survival was found between animal-passaged and laboratory-passaged isolates of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron. These findings suggest that on mechanism whereby the capsule of B. ...
Small-subunit ribosomal DNA sequences of 16 strains of Bacteroides fragilis were determined and compared with previously published sequences. Three phylogenetic methods (the neighbor-joining, maximum-likelihood, and maximum-parsimony methods) as well as a bootstrap analysis were used to assess the robustness of each topology. All phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that the B. fragilis strains were clearly divided into two robust monophyletic units which corresponded to the cfiA-negative and cfiA-positive groups. Strains of two previously identified DNA homology groups separated similarly into the two monophyletic units. According to the intensity of the hybridization signal with a cfiA probe, the cfiA-positive cluster could be further divided into two groups. This difference might reflect the existence of two, probably closely related cfiA-type genes. In the strongly hybridizing cfiA-positive strains, the gene is capable of conferring high-level resistance to the carbapenems and to most ...
Significantly more reads were assigned to the Bacteroidetes phylum in the experimental sample (36%) as compared to the control sample (8.2%). At the class level, Bacteroidia (1.3% in the control sample vs. 24.4% in the experimental sample) and Sphingobacteria (1.1% in the control sample vs. 7.8% in the experimental sample) contributed to higher percentages of the microbiota in the experimental sample than in the control sample. The significant elevation of Bacteroidetes in the intestinal community of the starved seabass sample is in agreement with some other studies [2, 34, 35] on dietary shifts. For example, in mice [34], fasting was associated with a significant increase in the proportional representation of the Bacteroidetes [from 20.6% (fed) to 42.3% (fasted)]. Bacteroides with a much larger genome size (e.g., Bacteroides fragilis Strain NCTC9343: 5,205,140 bp) are normally mutualistic in the animal gastrointestinal flora. A large part of the proteins made by the Bacteroides genome are able ...
[Biological activity of Bacteroides fragilis].: The investigation was performed with 9 strains of B. fragilis isolated from pregnant women in their 38th week of
A molecular method, termed hierarchical oligonucleotide primer extension (HOPE), was used to determine the relative abundances of predominant Bacteroides spp. present in fecal microbiota and wastewaters. For this analysis, genomic DNA in feces of healthy human adults, bovines, and swine and in wastewaters was extracted and total bacterial 16S rRNA genes were PCR amplified and used as the DNA templates for HOPE. Nineteen oligonucleotide primers were designed to detect 14 Bacteroides spp. at different hierarchical levels (domain, order, cluster, and species) and were arranged into and used in six multiplex HOPE reaction mixtures. Results showed that species like B. vulgatus, B. thetaiotaomicron, B. caccae, B. uniformis, B. fragilis, B. eggerthii, and B. massiliensis could be individually detected in human feces at abundances corresponding to as little as 0.1% of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA genes. Minor species like B. pyogenes, B. salyersiae, and B. nordii were detected only collectively using a primer ...
A new model of intraabdominal abscess: usefulness for hydrosaline metabolism studies in parenteral nutrition associated with sepsis.: The present study was set
Bacteroides spp. are dominant components of the phylum Bacteroidetes in the gut microbiota and prosper in glycan enriched environments. However, knowledge of the machinery of specific species isolated from humans (like Bacteroides uniformis) contributing to the utilization of dietary and endogenous sources of glycans and their byproducts is limited. We have used the cutting-edge nanopore-based technology to sequence the genome of B. uniformis CECT 7771, a human symbiont with a proven pre-clinical efficacy on metabolic and immune dysfunctions in obesity animal models. We have also used massive sequencing approaches to distinguish the genome expression patterns in response to carbon sources of different complexity during growth. At genome-wide level, our analyses globally demonstrate that B. uniformis strains exhibit an expanded glycolytic capability when compared with other Bacteroides species. Moreover, by studying the growth and whole-genome expression of B. uniformis CECT 7771 in response to different
Bacteroides is a genus of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria. Bacteroides species are non-endospore-forming, anaerobes, and may either be motile or non-motile, depending on the species.[1] The DNA base composition is 40-48% GC. Unusual in bacterial organisms, Bacteroides membranes contain sphingolipids. They also contain meso-diaminopimelic acid in their peptidoglycan layer. Bacteroides are normally commensal, making up the most substantial portion of the mammalian gastrointestinal flora,[2] where they play a fundamental role in processing of complex molecules to simpler ones in the host intestine. As many as 1010-1011 cells per gram of human feces have been reported.[3] They can use simple sugars when available, but the main source of energy is polysaccharides from plant sources. ...
The results of the study demonstrated a decrease in the sensitivity of bacteria in the B.fragilis group to modern anti-anaerobic drugs: cefoxitin, clindamycin, moxifloxacin, imipenem, piperacillin / tazobactam and metronidazole.
Bacteroides barnesiae has a size of 0.5-1.4 micrometer wide and 0.8-10.6 micrometer long that is completely anaerobic and grows at temperature of about 37C which does not require oxygen to survive. It has a cellular fatty acids including C15:0 and iso-C15:0 and in cultured media appears to be circular, raised and grayish-white colonies. Bacteroides barnesiae is predominantly found in gastrointestinal tract of humans as well as in vertebrate animals where bile is present. It gives benefits to the host if this bacterium strictly retained in the gut by hindering pathogenic microorganisms from forming colonies in the intestines. Bacteroides barnesiae play a basic role in the breakdown of polysaccharides a complex molecule into small molecules that is used by the bacterium as well as the host in order to utilize the nitrogenous substances and biotransformation of steroids and bile acids. Scientific classification: ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Doctors Ask: Anaerobic infections are caused by non-spore-forming anaerobic bacteria (microorganisms that require low oxygen uptake for growth). To extinguish the vital functions of anaerobic bacteria, contact with oxygen, even short-term, is necessary. Therefore, anaerobic microorganisms tend to be located where for their development there are all the appropriate conditions: in the large intestine, genital organs (female), between the gums and the surface of the tooth, etc.
Synonyms for Bacillus fragilis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Bacillus fragilis. 1 synonym for bacillus: B. What are synonyms for Bacillus fragilis?
Desi nu sustin viataverdeviu si alte siteuri care promoveaza in necunostiinta de cauza ma rog terapii psihospirituale, altele decat ortodoxia, cititi si : xisoku.gotgeeks.com xisoku.gotgeeks.com xisoku.gotgeeks.com NOTA : iata deci, sanatatea florei intestinale influenteaza sanatatea sistemului cafea și viermi, care la randul sau influenteaza integritatea sistemului imunitar fapt stiut read article la cancer Potrivit Dr.. Prin tratarea rozatoarelor bolnave cu o bacterie de promovare a sanatatii numita Bacteroides fragilis, cercetatorii au fost capabili de a atenua unele, dar nu toate, de simptomele lor de comportament. In cel mai recent studiu ei, aportul de fier mamei in timpul sarcinii asemenea, sa constatat cafea și viermi juca un rol. Chiar mai cafea și viermi alarmant, Dr.. Kaayla Daniel, vice-presedinte al Westin A. Beneficiile au durat in general pentru lungimea de studiu, fara efecte secundare semnificative. Green Home : Autism copii sunt ca Insulele Canare din mina de aur a lumii ...
[좌측부터 체질 1형 2형 3형] 1) 박테로이데스(Bacteroides) : 탄수화물을 분해하고 비타민 B2, B5, C, H를 만드는 것이 주된 기능이다. 박테리오데스 세균이 많은 속에 속하는 피실험자들 중에는 비만을 겪는 사...
Bacteroides species, saccharolytic Gram-negative obligate anaerobes, are frequently isolated from human infections such as peritonitis, abscesses and bacteremia. Among the species in the genus Bacteroides, thespecies called B. fragilis group areparticularly involved inhuman infections andaremedically important because they account for a major part of anaerobic isolates from clinical specimens. The purpose of this study was to develop PCR primers that specifically and simultaneously amplify theβ-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase gene leuB in B. fragilis group species. We determined partial nucleotide sequences of leuB genes and compared them in seventeen strains of nine B. fragilis group species, and the regions that are conserved among Bacteroides strains but different from other species were used as a B. fragilis group-specific PCR primer set, BacLBF-BacLBR. Specificity tests of the primer set using 52 phenotypically characterized strains and 75 isolates from rat feces showed only one case each ...
This investigation examined the ability of cells of Bacteroides melaninogenicus subsp. asaccharolyticus 381 to adhere to surfaces that might be important for its initial colonization of the mouth and its subsequent colonization in periodontal pockets. Of 48 asaccharolytic strains of B. melaninogenicus, 47 agglutinated human erythrocytes, whereas none of 20 fermentative strains, which included reference cultures of the subspecies intermedius and melaninogenicus, were active. Electron microscopy indicated that both asaccharolytic and fermentative strains possessed pili; hence, the presence of pili did not correlate with the hemagglutinating activities of B. melaninogenicus strains. Both asaccharolytic and fermentative B. melaninogenicus strains suspended in phosphate-buffered saline adhered in high numbers to buccal epithelial cells and to the surfaces of several gram-positive bacteria tested, including Actinomyces viscosus, A. naeslundii, A. israelii, Streptococcus sanguis, and S. mitis. B. ...
Define Bacteroides salivosus. Bacteroides salivosus synonyms, Bacteroides salivosus pronunciation, Bacteroides salivosus translation, English dictionary definition of Bacteroides salivosus. Noun 1. Bacteroides - type genus of Bacteroidaceae; genus of Gram-negative rodlike anaerobic bacteria producing no endospores and no pigment and living in...
The C10 family of cysteine proteases includes enzymes that contribute to the virulence of bacterial pathogens, such as SpeB in Streptococcus pyogenes. The presence of homologues of cysteine protease genes in human commensal organisms has not been examined. Bacteroides fragilis is a member of the dominant Bacteroidetes phylum of the human intestinal microbiota, and is a significant opportunistic pathogen. Four homologues of the streptococcal virulence factor SpeB were identified in the B. fragilis genome. These four protease genes, two were directly contiguous to open reading frames predicted to encode staphostatin-like inhibitors, with which the protease genes were co-transcribed. Two of these protease genes are unique to B. fragilis 638R and are associated with two large genomic insertions. Gene annotation indicated that one of these insertions was a conjugative Tn-like element and the other was a prophage-like element, which was shown to be capable of excision. Homologues of the B. fragilis C10
Looking for online definition of Bacteroides capillosus in the Medical Dictionary? Bacteroides capillosus explanation free. What is Bacteroides capillosus? Meaning of Bacteroides capillosus medical term. What does Bacteroides capillosus mean?
TY - JOUR. T1 - The use of parenteral clindamycin in the treatment of obstetric gynecologic patients with severe infections. A comparison of a clindamycin kanamycin combination with penicillin kanamycin. AU - Ledger, W. J.. AU - Kriewall, T. J.. AU - Sweet, Richard L. AU - Fekety, F. R.. PY - 1974. Y1 - 1974. N2 - Using a system of random selection in patients with severe obstetric gynecologic infections, parenteral penicillin kanamycin was given to 23 women and clindamycin kanamycin was given to 21. Therapeutic response to the two antibiotic regimens was similar; no significant differences were noted in either the posttreatment fever index or the numbers of women requiring other therapy. There was a failure of response to the penicillin kanamycin regimen in those women with Bacteroides fragilis infection and to the clindamycin kanamycin regimen in some of the women with an Enterococcus infection. The implications of these findings for the future selection of antibiotics for patients with severe ...
We have cloned the Bacteroides fragilis TAL2480 neuraminidase (NANase) structural gene, nanH, in Escherichia coli. This was accomplished by using the cloning shuttle vector pJST61 and a partial Sau3A library of TAL2480 chromosomal inserts created in E. coli. The library was mobilized into the NANase-deficient B. fragilis TM4000 derivative TC2. NANase-producing colonies were enriched by taking advantage of the inability of TC2, but not the wild-type of NANase+ revertant, to grow in vitro in fluid aspirated from the rat granuloma pouch. Plasmids pJST61-TCN1 and pJST61-TCN3, containing inserts of 9.1 and 4.5 kilobases (kb), respectively, were found in the TC2 derivatives that grew in the rat pouch medium. In B. fragilis, NANase production from the two plasmids was inducible by free N-acetylneuraminic acid or sialic acid-containing substrates, just as in the parental TAL2480 strain. However, when these plasmids were transferred back to E. coli, NANase activity was barely detectable. A 3.5-kb portion ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - An anaerobic bacterium, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, uses a consortium of enzymes to scavenge hydrogen peroxide. AU - Mishra, Surabhi. AU - Imlay, James A.. PY - 2013/12. Y1 - 2013/12. N2 - Summary: Obligate anaerobes are periodically exposed to oxygen, and it has been conjectured that on such occasions their low-potential biochemistry will predispose them to rapid ROS formation. We sought to identify scavenging enzymes that might protect the anaerobe Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron from the H2O2 that would be formed. Genetic analysis of eight candidate enzymes revealed that four of these scavenge H2O2in vivo: rubrerythrins 1 and 2, AhpCF, and catalase E. The rubrerythrins served as key peroxidases under anoxic conditions. However, they quickly lost activity upon aeration, and AhpCF and catalase were induced to compensate. The AhpCF is an NADH peroxidase that effectively degraded low micromolar levels of H2O2, while the catalytic cycle of catalase enabled it to quickly degrade ...
To the Editor.-Eikenella corrodens is a facultative gramnegative bacillus that is a normal inhabitant of the human mouth. Eikenella corrodens infection is relat
Bacteroides é un xénero de bacterias gramnegativas, con forma de bacilo. As especies de Bacteroides non forman esporas, son anaeróbicas, e hai especies móbiles e inmóbiles.[1] A composición de bases do seu ADN ten un contido GC do 40-48%. Bacteroides ten esfingolípidos nas súas membranas, o que é infrecuente nas bacterias. Tamén conteñen ácido meso-diaminopimélico na capa de peptidoglicano da súa parede celular. As especies de Bacteroides son normalmente mutualistas, e constitúen a parte principal da flora intestinal dos mamíferos,[2] onde xogan un papel fundamental no procesamento de moléculas complexas noutras máis simples no intestino do hóspede.[3][4][5] Nas feces humanas informouse dunha cantidade de 1010-1011 células por gramo.[6] Aínda que poden utilizar azucres simples cando dispoñen deles, as principais fontes de enerxía para Bacteroides no intestino son os glicanos (polisacáridos) complexos derivados do hóspede ou de plantas.[7] Certos estudos indican que a ...
Probiotic yogurts and pills promise better health, but the bacteria we ingest find a complex and challenging environment when they enter our gut. Food sources shift with every meal we eat, and the threat of pathogens is ever-present. In this competitive landscape, theres a clear winner already on the field: the genus Bacteroides makes up 30 percent of the bacteria in the human gut, the single most abundant genus.. Bacteroides are a successful bacterium in our gut microbiome. By offering metabolic capabilities that humans dont have, it helps us to obtain important nutrients. So why are Bacteroides so resilient? If we can understand their success, it will ultimately allow us to design probiotic formulations for human health and aid patients with an imbalance of gut bacteria, said Blanca Barquera, an associate professor of biological sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and lead researcher on a new project investigating Bacteroides.. With support from a four-year $3 million grant from ...
Rutin and quercitrin are hydrolysed to quercetin, and robinin is hydrolysed to kaempferol, by faecal flora from healthy subjects. The enzymes required for these hydrolyses, namely alpha-rhamnosidase and beta-galactosidase, were produced by some strains of Bacteroides distasonis; other strains, however, synthesized beta-glucosidase. The last-named enzyme was also elaborated by Bacteroides uniformis and Bacteroides ovatus. All the enzymes were produced constitutively. A cell-free extract of B. distasonis containing beta-glucosidase displayed an enzymic activity of 1 mumol/10 min per 10 mg of protein. ...
The karyotypes of diploid P. fragilis subsp. villosus (2n = 2x = 14) and tetraploid subsp. secaliformis (2n = 4x = 28) were studied by Giemsa C- and N-banding, and AgNO3 staining and compared with the karyotype of subsp. fragilis (2x). The complements of subsp. villosus and subsp. fragilis were similar, with 8 metacentric and 6 SAT-chromosomes, one metacentric and two submetacentric pairs, with small to minute, polymorphic, heterochromatic satellites. The complement of subsp. secaliformis on the whole agreed with a doubling of the complement of diploid P. fragilis, suggesting autopolyploidy. Only the presence of 12 nucleoli in interphases identified 6 SAT-chromosome pairs. In subsp. villosus one or two extra micronucleoli indicated a chromosome pair with very low nucleolus-forming activity, bringing the number of SAT-chromosome pairs to 4. This number may be a characteristic of Psathyrostachys. Besides very small, inconsistently observed bands, the C-banding pattern consisted of 0-3 small bands ...
Dezesseis eqüinos adultos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos (GI, GII, GIII e GIV) constituídos por quatro animais, recebendo cada grupo o seguinte inóculo por via intraperitoneal: GI (100 X 10(7) unidades formadoras de colônia (UFC) de Escherichia coli diluídos em 500 ml de solução salina 0,9% estéril); GII (100 X 10(7) UFC de Bacteroides fragilis diluídos em 500 ml de solução salina 0,9% estéril); GIII (100 X 10(7) UFC de Escherichia coli associados a 100 X 10(7) UFC de Bacteroides fragilis diluídos em 500 ml de solução salina 0,9% estéril); GIV (testemunho - 500 ml de solução salina 0,9% estéril). Leucopenia ocorreu em todos os animais inoculados com bactérias, nas primeiras seis horas após as inoculações. Posteriormente a este período, verificou-se em alguns eqüinos inoculados leucocitose. Os eqüinos inoculados com culturas puras de E. coli ou B. fragilis apresentaram peritonites brandas e autolimitantes, enquanto os inoculados com a associação destas ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Twenty-eight divergent polysaccharide loci specifying within and amongst strain capsule diversity in three strains of Bacteroides fragilis. AU - Patrick,S.. AU - Blakely,G.W.. AU - Houston,S.. AU - Moore,J.. AU - Abratt,V.R.. AU - dos Santos,Marcelo Bertalan Quintanilha. AU - Cedeño-Tárraga,A.M.. AU - Corton,N.. AU - Corton,C.. AU - Bignell,A.. AU - Barron,A.. AU - Clark,L.. AU - Bentley,S.D.. AU - Parkhill,J.. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - Comparison of the complete genome sequence of Bacteroides fragilis 638R originally isolated in the USA, was made with two previously sequenced strains isolated in the UK (NCTC 9343) and Japan (YCH46). The presence of 10 loci containing genes associated with polysaccharide biosynthesis, each including a putative Wzx flippase and Wzy polymerase, was confirmed in all three strains, despite a lack of cross-reactivity between NCTC 9343 and 638R surface polysaccharide-specific antibodies by immunolabelling and microscopy. Genomic comparisons revealed ...
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Alpha-galactosidase is a glycoside hydrolase enzyme that hydrolyses the terminal alpha-galactosyl moieties from glycolipids and glycoproteins. It is encoded by the GLA ge
S. Hsieh designed the project, performed experiments, and wrote the paper. N.T.P. generated the single CPS-expressing B. thetaiotaomicron mutants with and without GFP. D.L.D. generated the B. thetaiotaomicron Abs. S. Horvath processed the fecal colonization samples. G.S. performed the quick-freeze, deep-etch scanning electron microscopy. N.Z. assisted with peritoneal experiments. B.T.S. and B.Z. captured the india ink images. E.C.M., T.S.S., and P.M.A. guided the overall project design and assisted in data interpretation and writing of the manuscript. ...
0898386888 Models of Anaerobic Infection: Proceedings of the third Anaerobe Discussion Group Symposium held at Churchill College, University of Cambridge, July ... (New Perspectives in Clinical Microbiology),books, textbooks, text book
Bacteroides, Bacterial Identification and Bacteria Treatment are considered an interesting alternative to the traditional indicator organisms such as E.coli
This HMM describes a set of proteins related to but longer than DNA-binding protein HU. Its distinctive domain architecture compared to HU and related histone-like DNA-binding proteins justifies the designation as superfamily. Members include, so far, one from Bacteroides fragilis, a gut bacterium, and ten from Porphyromonas gingivalis, an oral anaerobe ...
Boldt, H. Genotypic identification of two groups within the species Bacteroides fragilis by ribotyping and by analysis of PCR-generated fragment patterns and insertion sequence content.
4HBR: Crystal structure of a putative periplasmic proteins (BACEGG_01429) from Bacteroides eggerthii DSM 20697 at 2.40 A resolution
"Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Retrieved 2008-12-11. "Clindamycin" (PDF). Davis. 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017 ... These infections include aspiration pneumonia, lung abscess, pulmonary empyema, and chronic otitis media and sinusitis. They ... Bacteroides melaninogenicus has been reclassified and split into Prevotella melaninogenica and Prevotella intermedia. It is ... are members of the oral and vaginal flora, and are recovered from anaerobic infections of the respiratory tract. ...
Itzhak Brook (Jan 28, 2014). "Bacteroides Infection Follow-up". Medscape. Retrieved 2015-09-25. Shapiro ED (2014). "Clinical ... Bacterial skin infections include: Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection commonly seen in children. It is ... Phage therapy can also be used to treat certain bacterial infections. Infections can be prevented by antiseptic measures such ... Bacterial pneumonia is a bacterial infection of the lungs. Urinary tract infection is predominantly caused by bacteria. ...
Bacteroides infection Bacteroides species Balantidiasis Balantidium coli Bartonellosis Bartonella Baylisascaris infection ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection One of the Human papillomaviruses Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza ... Infections associated with diseases. References[edit]. *^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses ... Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and ...
The bacteria associated with infections include Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium, and Bacteroides bacteria. The next most ... It is indicated when there is no disease of the dental pulp or infection around the crown of the tooth and there is a high risk ... Infection resulting from impacted wisdom teeth can be initially treated with antibiotics, local debridement or soft tissue ... The long-term risk of coronectomy is that chronic infection can persist from the tooth remnants. The prognosis for the second ...
"OPT-80 Eliminates Clostridium difficile and is Sparing of Bacteroides Species during Treatment of C. Difficile Infection". ... The target use is for treatment of Clostridium difficile infection. Fidaxomicin is available in a 200 mg tablet that is ... Golan Y, Mullane KM, Miller MA (September 12-15, 2009). Low recurrence rate among patients with C. difficile infection treated ... The authors also reported significantly fewer recurrences of infection, a frequent problem with C. difficile, and similar drug ...
An example of this is Appendicitis, which is caused by Bacteroides fragilis and Escherichia coli. The second is a latrogenic ... Primary infection versus secondary infection. A primary infection is infection that is, or can practically be viewed as, the ... An infection that is inactive or dormant is called a latent infection.[6] An example of a latent bacterial infection is latent ... Viral infection Bacterial infection Typical symptoms In general, viral infections are systemic. This means they involve many ...
Bacteroides forsythus, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Treponema denticola) in endodontic infections: A molecular approach. Oral ...
Gynecological infections - Caused by beta-lactamase producing strains of E. coli and Bacteroides sp. (including B. fragilis). ... Surgical infections - prophylaxis and treatment of surgical site infections, peri-operative prophylaxis in orthopaedic and ... Infections of the gastrointestinal tract - Bacterial esophagitis, treatment of H. pylori infections as a part of MDT in ulcer ... Upper respiratory tract infections - pharyngitis and tonsillitis caused by S. pyogenes and S. aureus. Acute and chronic ...
Bacteroides species are known in some cases to cause infections, typically resulting from surgery in the GI tract. Concerns ... A highly pathogenic microbe would not be suitable for medical treatment due to an inherent infection risk. L. lactis is ... Wexler, Hannah M. (2007-10-01). "Bacteroides: the Good, the Bad, and the Nitty-Gritty". Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 20 (4): ... Lactococcus lactis and Bacteroides ovatus. The usage of recombinant microbes (i.e. microorganisms designed to contain DNA from ...
ASF Lactobacilli and Bacteroides help moderate bowel inflammation in a balanced manner in pathogen infection studies. Beyond ... Lactobacilli and Bacteroides are given by gavage to germfree mice first to establish a microbial environment in the GI tract, ... Bacteroides species are often found in GI tracts of mammals, and included non-motile, Gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped ... Recently, many of Bacteroides species are being recognized as actually belonging to other genera, like Porphyromonas and ...
... bacteroides infections MeSH C01.252.400.126 --- bartonellaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.126.100 --- bartonella infections ... acinetobacter infections MeSH C01.252.400.610 --- mycoplasmatales infections MeSH C01.252.400.610.610 --- mycoplasma infections ... bordetella infections MeSH C01.252.400.143.740 --- whooping cough MeSH C01.252.400.155 --- borrelia infections MeSH C01.252. ... proteus infections MeSH C01.252.400.310.821 --- salmonella infections MeSH C01.252.400.310.821.438 --- paratyphoid fever MeSH ...
Typically, these include alpha-hemolytic streptococci, staphylococci and bacteroides groups. The route of infection in most ... Dental infections account for approximately 80% of cases of Ludwig's angina. Mixed infections, due to both aerobes and ... If the infection does occur, there will be an individualised treatment plan for each patient, which will be based on factors ... Another path of infection spread to the mediastinum from the submandibular space is via the carotid sheath. As documented above ...
Metronidazole is today recognized as the gold standard chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of anaerobic infections caused ... by prokaryotes (Clostridium, Bacteroides, Helicobacter) and eukaryotes (Trichomonas, Tritrichomonas, Giardia, Entamoeba). ...
... infections in E Medicine Bacteroides in detail. Biology portal. ... "Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Archived from the original on 22 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-11. Ryan KJ, ... Bacteroides converts these sugars to fermentation products which are beneficial to humans. Bacteroides also have the ability to ... Bacteroides is a genus of Gram-negative, obligate anaerobic bacteria. Bacteroides species are nonendospore-forming bacilli, and ...
Periodontitis is an infection of the gums which leads to bone destruction around the teeth in the jaw. Periodontitis occurs ... McDermid A, McKee A, Marsh P. "Effect of Environmental pH on Enzyme Activity and Growth of Bacteroides gingivalis W50". ... and at the same time osteoclasts in the bone break down the bone as a way to prevent further infection. This can be treated ... Infection and Immunity. 1998; 56(5):1096-100. Marsh PD, Moter A, Devine DA. (2011). "Dental plaque biofilms: communities, ...
Bacteroides infections at eMedicine Brook I (June 2010). "The role of anaerobic bacteria in bacteremia". Anaerobe. 16 (3): 183- ... Bacteroides references in Baron's Medical Microbiology (online at the NCBI bookshelf). Type strain of Bacteroides fragilis at ... Bacteroides fragilis is an obligately anaerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium. It is part of the normal flora of the ... Although the B. fragilis group is the most common species found in clinical specimens, it is the least common Bacteroides ...
Bacteroides infections in E Medicine Bacteroides in detail. Biology portal Medicine portal Biology portal. ... Bacteroides ureolyticus is a species in the bacterial genus of Gram-negative, obligately anaerobic bacteria. Bacteroides ... Bacteroides are normally mutualistic, a substantial portion of the mammalian gastrointestinal flora, and they process complex ... They can use simple sugars when available; however, the main sources of energy for Bacteroides species in the gut are complex ...
Prevotella Parte, A.C. "Bacteroides". www.bacterio.net. 93. Brook, I.: "Anaerobic Infections Diagnosis and Management". A ... Kornman KS, Loesche WJ (January 1982). "Effects of estradiol and progesterone on Bacteroides melaninogenicus and Bacteroides ... urinary tract infection, brain abscesses, osteomyelitis, and bacteremia associated with upper respiratory tract infections. ... Bacteroides melaninogenicus is a species of bacterium in the normal flora of the upper respiratory tract. It is an important ...
The cause of the infection in cattle is two species of anaerobic bacteria, Fusobacterium necrophorum and Bacteroides ... Super foot rot infection occurs much faster and is usually much more severe. Most normal foot rot treatments will not cure this ... The disease is different in cattle and sheep and cross-infection is not thought to occur. The first sign of a foot-rot ... Foot rot, or infectious pododermatitis, is a hoof infection commonly found in sheep, goats, and cattle. As the name suggests, ...
2010 ,15;50:133-6. Anaerobic Infections Bacteroides infections in E Medicine Peptostreptococcus infections in E Medicine Brook ... Bacteroides fragilis group is rarely recovered in these infections compared to intra-abdominal infection. Actinomyces spp. and ... The isolates found in soft-tissue infections can vary depending on the type of infection. The infection's location and the ... infections, all deep neck space infections, parotitis, sialadenitis, thyroiditis, odontogenic infections, and postsurgical and ...
... and Bacteroides fragilis. Tigecycline is indicated for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections caused by; ... Bacteroides fragilis, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, Bacteroides uniformis, Bacteroides vulgatus, Clostridium perfringens, and ... The drug is licensed for the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections as well as intra-abdominal infections. The European ... Tigecycline is used to treat different kinds of bacterial infections, including complicated skin and structure infections, ...
... ear infection, dental abscess, infection of paranasal sinuses, infection of the mastoid air cells of the temporal bone, ... Bacteroides), Fusobacterium, Actinomyces, and Nocardia Congenital heart disease-Aerobic and microaerophilic streptococci, and S ... The infection may also be introduced through a skull fracture following a head trauma or surgical procedures. Brain abscess is ... The location of the primary lesion may be suggested by the location of the abscess: infections of the middle ear result in ...
It frequently includes organisms such as Ureaplasma, Streptococcus, Mycoplasma, and Bacteroides, and may also include organisms ... Postpartum infections, also known as puerperal infections, are any bacterial infections of the female reproductive tract ... After childbirth a woman's genital tract has a large bare surface, which is prone to infection. Infection may be limited to the ... Other causes of fever following delivery include breast engorgement, urinary tract infections, infections of the abdominal ...
... oral infections, giardiasis, trichomoniasis, and infections caused by susceptible anaerobic organisms such as Bacteroides, ... It is also often used to eradicate Helicobacter pylori along with other drugs and to prevent infection in people recovering ... Metronidazole is widely used in patients with these infections.[medical citation needed] Metronidazole has also been used in ... In general, the veterinary community may use metronidazole for any potentially susceptible anaerobic infection. The U.S. Food ...
"Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Arquivado dende o orixinal o 22 de decembro de 2008. Consultado o 2008-12-11.. ... Bacteroides é un xénero de bacterias gramnegativas, con forma de bacilo. As especies de Bacteroides non forman esporas, son ... Unha das especies do xénero máis importantes clinicalmente é Bacteroides fragilis. Bacteroides melaninogenicus foi ... Non se debe confundir o xénero Bacteroides co tipo morfolóxico de bacterias fixadoras de N (rizobios) chamado bacteroide.. ...
During the primary infection, F. necrophorum colonizes the infection site and the infection spreads to the parapharyngeal space ... which include Bacteroides fragilis and Bacteroides melaninogenicus, Peptostreptococcus spp., Streptococcus microaerophile, ... Lemierre's syndrome begins with an infection of the head and neck region. Usually this infection is a pharyngitis (which ... Spread of infection to the nearby internal jugular vein provides a gateway for the spread of bacteria through the bloodstream. ...
... has a broad spectrum of activity and has been used to treat bacterial infections of the bone, skin, urinary tract, ... Escherichia coli: 0.06 µg/mL Bacteroides fragilis: ≤0.06 µg/mL - 512 µg/mL Clostridium perfringens: 1 µg/mL - 4 µg/mL Stork CM ... Notable species include Bacteroides, Streptococcus, and Escherichia. The following represents MIC susceptibility data for a few ... Cefotetan is an injectable antibiotic of the cephamycin type for prophylaxis and treatment of bacterial infections. It is often ...
... (formerly Bacteroides intermedius) is a gram-negative, obligate anaerobic pathogenic bacterium involved ... in periodontal infections, including gingivitis and periodontitis, and often found in acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. ...
... recurrent vaginal infections, and fatigue.[13] Other symptoms may include loss of taste.[24] Many people, however, have no ... The intestinal bacteria Prevotella copri and Bacteroides vulgatus have been connected with type 2 diabetes.[31] ... and frequent infections.[23] There is also an association between type 2 diabetes and mild hearing loss.[27] ...
Unlike other anaerobic infections, discharge in these infections is often not purulent (filled with pus). Instead, the ... Bacteroides and anaerobic streptococci). The exotoxin is commonly found in C. perfringens type A strain and is known as alpha ... Gas gangrene (also known as clostridial myonecrosis[1] and myonecrosis[2]) is a bacterial infection that produces gas in ... Bratton SL, Krane EJ, Park JR, Burchette S (1992). "Clostridium septicum infections in children". Pediatr Infect Dis J. 11 (7 ...
In addition, in case of infection, parts of some plants are treated as disposable and replaceable, in ways that very few ... Bacteroides species are normally mutualistic bacteria, making up a substantial portion of the mammalian gastrointestinal flora. ... Pathogens also stimulate the macrophage to produce chemokines, which summon other cells to the site of infection.[1] ... Inflammation is one of the first responses of the immune system to infection or irritation. Inflammation is stimulated by ...
During the primary infection, F. necrophorum colonizes the infection site and the infection spreads to the parapharyngeal space ... which include Bacteroides fragilis and Bacteroides melaninogenicus, Peptostreptococcus spp., Streptococcus microaerophile, ... Lemierre's syndrome begins with an infection of the head and neck region. Usually this infection is a pharyngitis (which ... Spread of infection to the nearby internal jugular vein provides a gateway for the spread of bacteria through the bloodstream. ...
... such as a necrotizing soft tissue infection, an infection causing inflammation of the abdominal cavity lining, an infection of ... Bacteroides spp. and the fungi Candida spp. are all capable of such a high level of phenotypic plasticity. Evidently, not all ... Sepsis is an inflammatory immune response triggered by an infection.[3][4] Bacterial infections are the most common cause, but ... For Legionella infection, addition of macrolide or fluoroquinolone is chosen. If fungal infection is suspected, an echinocandin ...
An example of this is Appendicitis, which is caused by Bacteroides fragilis and Escherichia coli. The second is an iatrogenic ... Primary infection versus secondary infection. A primary infection is infection that is, or can practically be viewed as, the ... An infection that is inactive or dormant is called a latent infection.[10] An example of a latent bacterial infection is latent ... Viral infection Bacterial infection Typical symptoms In general, viral infections are systemic. This means they involve many ...
Other tick-borne relapsing infections are acquired from other species, such as B. hermsii, B. parkeri, or B. miyamotoi,[9] ... Positive results for second-tier tests are confirmatory for the presence of Borrelia infection.[7] ... Two-tiered serological testing is performed for differential diagnosis of Borrelia infection. The first-tier tests detect ... which can be spread from rodents, and serve as a reservoir for the infection, via a tick vector. B. hermsii and B. recurrentis ...
It follows that a higher dosage is needed in the cure of luminal than systemic infection. The side effects of metronidazole are ... Studies by Lazarachick et a revealed presence of anaerobic bacteroides in as many as 26% cases of amoebic liver abscess with so ... Metronidazole should not be used as a single agent for the eradication of bowel infection.33 When used alone, a few cases are ... Intravenous metronidazole is a drug of choice for anaerobic infections Therefore it may be of extra advantage, if used in ...
... recurrent vaginal infections, and fatigue.[13] Many people, however, have no symptoms during the first few years and are ... The intestinal bacteriæ Prevotella copri and Bacteroides vulgatus have been connected with type 2 diabetes.[29] ...
Bacteroides, Flavobacteria and relatives (later renamed Bacteroidetes *Bacteroides (Bacteroides, Fusobacterium). * ... Species include Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia infection). Chlorobi[edit]. Main article: Chlorobi. Chlorobi is a member of ...
Lan, R; Reeves, PR (2002). "Escherichia coli in disguise: molecular origins of Shigella". Microbes and Infection / Institut ... class Bacteroidia from Bacteroides. *phylum Chlorobi vs. class Chlorobia from Chlorobium. *phylum Verrucomicrobia vs. class ...
BV is a risk factor for viral shedding and herpes simplex virus type 2 infection. BV may increase the risk of infection with or ... Gardnerella / Bacteroides morphotypes - average per high powered (1000× oil immersion) field. View multiple fields. ... While the infection involves a number of bacteria, it is believed that most infections start with Gardnerella vaginalis ... Having BV approximately doubles the risk of infection by a number of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS.[8][10 ...
Infants with atopic eczema have low levels of Bacteroides and high levels of Firmicutes. Bacteroides have anti-inflammatory ... Though usually not pathogenic, it can cause skin infections and even life-threatening illnesses in those that are ... if it gains entry into the circulatory system it can result in infections in bone, joint, gastrointestinal, and respiratory ... This works against staphylococcal and streptococcal infections. Pseudomonas aeruginosa also produces substances that inhibit ...
Infection[edit]. Infectious causes of oral ulceration.[5] Agent. Example(s) Viral. chickenpox, hand, foot and mouth disease, ... and Bacteroides species can prolong the ulcerative process. Fungal causes include Coccidioides immitis (valley fever), ... HIV infection, diabetes) microbiological swabs (infection), or urinalysis (diabetes). A biopsy (minor procedure to cut out a ... Many infections can cause oral ulceration (see table). The most common are herpes simplex virus (herpes labialis, primary ...
... such as necrotizing soft tissue infection, infection causing inflammation of the abdominal cavity lining, infection of the bile ... Bacteroides spp. and the fungi Candida spp. are all capable of such a high level of phenotypic plasticity. Evidently, not all ... For Legionella infection, addition of macrolide or fluoroquinolone is chosen. If fungal infection is suspected, an echinocandin ... the most common cause of fungal sepsis is infection by Candida species of yeast,[21] a frequent hospital-acquired infection. ...
... canimorsus Infections in Human: Review of the Literature and Cases Report. European Journal of Epidemiology 12(5 ... Most beta-lactamases identified in Bacteroides, Prevotella, and Capnocytophaga belong to the Ambler class A. Several beta- ... Treatment of infectionsEdit. The high frequency of strains producing beta-lactamase limit the use of single beta-lactam ... involvement in bone infections: a review. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2013 Jun;41(6):509-15. ...
... (PTA), also known as a quinsy, is pus due to an infection behind the tonsil.[2] Symptoms include fever, ... The most common anaerobic species include Fusobacterium necrophorum, Peptostreptococcus, Prevotella species, and Bacteroides.[3 ... They are typically due to infection by a number of types of bacteria.[1] Often it follows streptococcal pharyngitis.[1] They do ... Hardingham M (May 1987). "Peritonsillar infections". Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. 20 (2): 273-8. PMID 3474580.. ...
... is indicated for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections and complicated intra abdominal infections.[7] ... and Bacteroides fragilis strains having various resistance phenotypes". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 55 (5): 2390-4. ... It was studied for urinary tract infections, intra-abdominal infections and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia. ... Ceftolozane is a novel cephalosporin antibiotic, developed for the treatment of infections with gram-negative bacteria that ...
Concentrated bile, pressure, and sometimes bacterial infection irritate and damage the gallbladder wall, causing inflammation ... coli and Bacteroides. This may consist of a broad spectrum antibiotic; such as piperacillin-tazobactam, ampicillin-sulbactam, ... laparoscopic surgery is associated with a lower rate of surgical site infection.[33] ... "Does Using a Laparoscopic Approach to Cholecystectomy Decrease the Risk of Surgical Site Infection?". Annals of Surgery. 237 ( ...
Trematode infection). Blood fluke. *Schistosoma mansoni / S. japonicum / S. mekongi / S. haematobium / S. intercalatum * ... Tapeworm - Tapeworm infection Cestoda, Taenia multiceps intestine stool rare worldwide Diphyllobothriasis - tapeworm ... Dioctophyme renalis infection Dioctophyme renale kidneys (typically the right) urine rare ingestion of undercooked or raw ... sexually transmitted infection - only trophozoite form (no cysts) Sleeping sickness Trypanosoma brucei brain and blood ...
The protein encoded by this gene is involved in the acute-phase immunologic response to gram-negative bacterial infections. ... Erridge, C; Pridmore, A; Eley, A; Stewart, J; Poxton, IR (2004). "Lipopolysaccharides of Bacteroides fragilis, Chlamydia ... 1997). "Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein is required to combat a murine gram-negative bacterial infection". Nature. 389 (6652 ... Kaden J, Zwerenz P, Lambrecht HG, Dostatni R (2002). "Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein as a new and reliable infection marker ...
It frequently includes organisms such as Ureaplasma, Streptococcus, Mycoplasma, and Bacteroides, and may also include organisms ... Postpartum infections. Other names. Puerperal fever, childbed fever, maternal sepsis, maternal infection, puerperal infections ... Postpartum infections, also known as childbed fever and puerperal fever, are any bacterial infections of the female ... After childbirth a woman's genital tract has a large bare surface, which is prone to infection. Infection may be limited to the ...
Heintiad e.coli, anthracs, bacteroides infectious disease, twymyn teiffoid, hadlif, llid ar y brostad, campylobacteriosis, ... urinary tract infection, otitis, gastroenteritis, orchitis, dysentri, heintiad y llwybr wrinol ... pseudomonas infection, pla llinorog, renal infectious disease, pyeloneffritis, llid yr argaill, colitis, llid y diferticwlwm, ...
... urinary tract infections, intra-abdominal infections, gynecologic infections, bacterial sepsis, bone and joint infections, skin ... Bacteroides fragilis and Peptostreptococcus species. Imipenem/cilastatin was approved for use in the United States in 1985. ... joint infections, intra-abdominal infections, and urinary tract infections.[1] It is given by injection into a vein or muscle.[ ... and skin structure infections, endocarditis and polymicrobic infections.[7][8] It is a broad-spectrum beta-lactam containing ...
Immunosuppressive drugs, and other illnesses or infections that weaken the immune system, are also factors that make infection ... Typically, this includes alpha-hemolytic streptococci, staphylococci, and bacteroides groups.[10] Predisposing conditions for ... focus on skin and soft-tissue infections". Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 21: S27-S32. doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2015.03.024. ... more serious infections such as an underlying bone infection or necrotizing fasciitis should be ruled out.[3] ...
Treatment of Bacteroides infection with clindamycin-2-phosphate. P. C. Dickinson and P. Saphyakhajon ...
... bacteroides? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat or reduce ... the symptoms of bone+infection+caused+by+bacteroides ... 34 medications found for bone+infection+caused+by+bacteroides. ... bacteroides? Below is a list of common medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of bone+infection+caused+by+bacteroides ... Considering taking medication to treat bone+infection+caused+by+ ...
... bacteroides? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat or reduce ... the symptoms of blood+infection+caused+by+the+bacteria+bacteroides ... Considering taking medication to treat blood+infection+caused+by+the+bacteria+bacteroides? Below is a list of common ... medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of blood+infection+caused+by+the+bacteria+bacteroides. Follow the links to ...
Bacteroides fragilis group infections in HIV-infected patients. Patey, O.; Breuil, J. // AIDS Patient Care & STDs;Oct97, Vol. ... The Role of Bacteroides fragilis in Pelvic Infections. Osborne, Newton G. // Journal of Gynecologic Surgery;Summer2006, Vol. 22 ... Background: Bacteroides fragilis are among the most important anaerobic bacteria behind most of the anaerobic infections. They ... Dog Bite, Bacteroides Infection, Coagulopathy, Renal Microangiopathy. Fiala, Milan; Bauer, Harry; Khaleri, Mojeen; Giorgio, ...
Infections Due to Bacteroides and Fusobacterium: Findings in 102 Patients. S. M. Finegold, M.D., F.A.C.P.; W. L. Hewitt, M.D., ... Infections Due to Bacteroides and Fusobacterium: Findings in 102 Patients.. Ann Intern Med. 1962;56:687. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819 ... Infections with anaerobic organisms belonging to the Bacteroides-Fusobacterium group are much more common than is generally ... Bacteroides Pneumonias: Characteristics of Cases with Empyema Annals of Internal Medicine; 68 (2): 308-317 ...
Fractionation of hemagglutinating and bacterial binding adhesins of Bacteroides gingivalis.. J Boyd, B C McBride ... Thank you for sharing this Infection and Immunity article.. NOTE: We request your email address only to inform the recipient ... Fractionation of hemagglutinating and bacterial binding adhesins of Bacteroides gingivalis. Message Subject (Your Name) has ... An outer membrane complex containing hemagglutinating and bacterial aggregating activity has been isolated from Bacteroides ...
Characterization of rat T helper cell clones specific for Bacteroides gingivalis antigen.. J Katz, S M Michalek, K W Beagley, J ... Thank you for sharing this Infection and Immunity article.. NOTE: We request your email address only to inform the recipient ... The clones were derived by culturing purified splenic T cells from rats immunized with the pathogen Bacteroides gingivalis with ... Your Name) thought you would be interested in this article in Infection and Immunity. ...
Due to the high similarity in mass spectrum patterns between B. dorei and Bacteroides vulgatus, discriminating these species is ... Bacteroides dorei is an anaerobic, gram-negative bacterium first described in 2006. ... Species differentiation of Bacteroides dorei from Bacteroides vulgatus and Bacteroides ovatus from Bacteroides xylanisolvens - ... Species differentiation of Bacteroides dorei from Bacteroides vulgatus and Bacteroides ovatus from Bacteroides xylanisolvens - ...
Skin tests of pathogens may be of value in the analysis of virulence factors of Bacteroides and possibly of other anaerobic ... The pathogenicity of 42 strains of Bacteroides of human origin was estimated by intracutaneous injection of bacterial ... The pathogenicity of Bacteroides fragilis and related species estimated by intracutaneous infection in the guinea-pig * J. P. ... Healthcare-associated infections, medical devices and biofilms: risk, tolerance and control Steven L. Percival, Louise Suleman ...
"Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Archived from the original on 22 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-11.. ... Bacteroides is a genus of Gram-negative, obligate anaerobic bacteria. Bacteroides species are non endospore-forming bacilli, ... Bacteroides such as Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron[21] converts these sugars to fermentation products which are beneficial to ... One of the most important clinically is Bacteroides fragilis. Bacteroides melaninogenicus has recently been reclassified and ...
We identified enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in stool specimens of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and other ... Bacteroides Infections / etiology * Bacteroides Infections / microbiology * Bacteroides fragilis / genetics* * Bacteroides ... Bacteroides fragilis enterotoxin gene sequences in patients with inflammatory bowel disease Emerg Infect Dis. Mar-Apr 2000;6(2 ... We identified enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis in stool specimens of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and other ...
Bacteroides infections 7 Gastroenteritis Nausea, Flatulence, Anorexia 8 Campylobacteriosis 9 Cystitis Urinary urgency, Dysuria ... Urinary tract infection Urethritis, Urinary urgency, Dysuria Filed Under: Diseases / Medical Conditions ScienceDiseases prev ...
Bacteroides infection Bacteroides species Balantidiasis Balantidium coli Bartonellosis Bartonella Baylisascaris infection ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection One of the Human papillomaviruses Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza ... Infections associated with diseases. References[edit]. *^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses ... Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and ...
"Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Arquivado dende o orixinal o 22 de decembro de 2008. Consultado o 2008-12-11.. ... Bacteroides é un xénero de bacterias gramnegativas, con forma de bacilo. As especies de Bacteroides non forman esporas, son ... Unha das especies do xénero máis importantes clinicalmente é Bacteroides fragilis. Bacteroides melaninogenicus foi ... Non se debe confundir o xénero Bacteroides co tipo morfolóxico de bacterias fixadoras de N (rizobios) chamado bacteroide.. ...
Bacteroides Infections / metabolism * Bacteroides Infections / microbiology * Bacteroides Infections / pathology * Bacteroides ... Stat3 activation in murine colitis induced by enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014 May;20(5):821-34. ... Background: Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF), a molecular subclass of the common human commensal, B. fragilis, has ...
Ten of the 47 anaerobes initially isolated from the lung (nine Bacteroides melaninogenicus and one Bacteroides capillosus) were ... Clindamycin vs penicillin for anaerobic lung infections. High rate of penicillin failures associated with penicillin-resistant ... Bacteroides melaninogenicus. Thirty-seven adult patients with anaerobic lung infections (27 lung abscesses and 10 necrotizing ... Clindamycin vs penicillin for anaerobic lung infections. High rate of penicillin failures associated with penicillin-resistant ...
Expert in foodborne and enteric infections and has studied the pathogenesis of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) both ... Research Interests: Infectious diarrheal diseases; cryptosporidiosis; food borne disease; bacteroides fragilis infections ... Her laboratory focuses on the pathogenesis of colon disease by enteric bacteria using enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis ( ...
Download ppt "Anaerobic infections PART 3: Infection with Gram-negative obligate anaerobes (Bacteroides spp. and other abscess- ... Anaerobic infections PART 3: Infection with Gram-negative obligate anaerobes (Bacteroides spp. and other abscess-forming ... 1 Anaerobic infections PART 3: Infection with Gram-negative obligate anaerobes (Bacteroides spp. and other abscess-forming ... Presentation on theme: "Anaerobic infections PART 3: Infection with Gram-negative obligate anaerobes (Bacteroides spp. and ...
Infection and Chemotherapy Year: 2014 Type: Article ... uncommon abdominal aorta mycotic aneurysm caused by Bacteroides ... Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Aorta / Aorta, Abdominal / Bacteroides / Acinetobacter / ... Mycotic Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Caused by Bacteroides Thetaiotaomicron and Acinetobacter Mycotic Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm ... Bacteroides , Debridement , Diabetes Mellitus , Fever , Humans , Iliac Artery , Korea , Middle Aged ...
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Bacteroides disiens sp. nov. and Bacteroides bivius sp. nov. from human clinical infections. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 27: 337- ... Bacteroides infections in obstetrics and gynecology. Obstet. & Gynecol, l: 491-510.Google Scholar ... Infection by anaerobic streptococci in puerperal fever. Br. Med. J. 2: 134-137.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Anaerobic bacterial infections of the female genital tract. Obstet. Gynecol. 42: 538-541.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Bacteroides infection in fibroids during the puerperium. Br Med J 1979; 2 :1038 (Published 27 October 1979) ...
Infectious Bacteremia Blood Medical examination Blood tests Diarrhea Infection Infectious arthritis Kidney diseases Nausea Urea ... Bacteroides fragilis: a case study of bacteremia and septic arthritis.(CLINICAL PRACTICE) by Clinical Laboratory Science; ... Anaerobic infections are usually polymicrobial, and Bacteroides fragilis is commonly isolated in such infections. The most ... When the patient was discharged, he was successfully treated for the Bacteroides fragilis infection in both his blood and left ...
Metronidazole is the most commonly used antimicrobial for Bacteroides fragilis infections and is recommended for prophylaxis of ... Centre for Infection and Immunity, Queens University Belfast, Belfast, UK.. 4. East Carolina University Brody School of ... Deficiency of the ferrous iron transporter FeoAB is linked with metronidazole resistance in Bacteroides fragilis.. Veeranagouda ... Deficiency of the ferrous iron transporter FeoAB is linked with metronidazole resistance in Bacteroides fragilis ...
"Bacteroides Infection: Overview - eMedicine". Retrieved 2008-12-11. "Clindamycin" (PDF). Davis. 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017 ... These infections include aspiration pneumonia, lung abscess, pulmonary empyema, and chronic otitis media and sinusitis. They ... Bacteroides melaninogenicus has been reclassified and split into Prevotella melaninogenica and Prevotella intermedia. It is ... are members of the oral and vaginal flora, and are recovered from anaerobic infections of the respiratory tract. ...
What is Bacteroides asaccharolyticus? Meaning of Bacteroides asaccharolyticus medical term. What does Bacteroides ... Looking for online definition of Bacteroides asaccharolyticus in the Medical Dictionary? Bacteroides asaccharolyticus ... INFECTIONS due to Bacteroides are often a cause of peritonitis.. Bac·te·roi·des. (bak-ter-oydēz) A genus that includes many ... Bacteroides. (redirected from Bacteroides asaccharolyticus). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus. Bacteroides. [bak″tĕ-roi´dēz ...
AND Bacteroides infection (1 match). *AND Bad back (1 match). *AND Bad back in pregnancy (1 match) ...
AND Bacteroides infection (1 match). *AND Bladder fullness (1 match). *AND Bladder symptoms (1 match) ...
Bacteroides melaninogenicus and dental infections. Some questions and some answers. Oral Surg 1982;54:486. 20. Sundqvist G. ... Thus, bacterial synergism is of major importance in maintaining Bacteroides infections (22). More recently, Tanner et al. (23) ... The indications were that the source of the root canal infections was an associated periodontal pocket. Bacteroides ... Weiss C. The pathogenicity of Bacteroides melaninogenicus and its importance in surgical infections. Surgery 1943;13:683. 26. ...
  • It states that polymicrobials Clostridium perfringens, Bacteroides. (ebscohost.com)
  • Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin . (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacteroides and Clostridium species may cause deeper wound infections. (labtestsonline.org)
  • SKIN AND SKIN STRUCTURE INFECTIONS caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group, Clostridium species, Peptococcus species, Peptostreptococcus species, and Fusobacterium species. (rxlist.com)
  • BACTERIAL SEPTICEMIA caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group and Clostridium species. (rxlist.com)
  • Bacteroides fragilis and Clostridium perfringens are the anaerobic agents isolated most frequently from infections ( 3 , 7 ). (asm.org)
  • While amoxicillin clavulanate and other broad spectrum antibiotics (quinolones and cephalosporins) are effective, they are best avoided when other more narrow-spectrum antibiotics could be used because they increase the risk of Clostridium difficile , MRSA and other resistant infections. (bpac.org.nz)
  • Anaerobic bacteria, including the Bacteroides fragilis group and Clostridium species are common members of the intestinal microflora of healthy individuals, and non-toxigenic strains can be transmitted without causing disease symptoms. (google.com)
  • An antiinfective from the imidazole family indicated in the treatment of giardiasis, amebiasis, trichomoniasis and anaerobic infections (bacteroides and clostridium). (e-lactancia.org)
  • Considering taking medication to treat blood+infection+caused+by+the+bacteria+bacteroides? (webmd.com)
  • Below is a list of common medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of blood+infection+caused+by+the+bacteria+bacteroides. (webmd.com)
  • Background: Bacteroides fragilis are among the most important anaerobic bacteria behind most of the anaerobic infections. (ebscohost.com)
  • They have acquired resistance to essential treatment antibiotics of anaerobic infections, more than other anaerobic bacteria. (ebscohost.com)
  • Bacteriodes fragilis, which is one particular type of the bacteria, is commonly found in abdominal wound infections and in the blood when the intestines are diseased. (ebscohost.com)
  • Bacteroides is a genus of Gram-negative , obligate anaerobic bacteria . (wikipedia.org)
  • [9] Studies indicate that long-term diet is strongly associated with the gut microbiome composition-those who eat plenty of protein and animal fats have predominantly Bacteroides bacteria, while for those who consume more carbohydrates the Prevotella species dominate. (wikipedia.org)
  • [18] This technique allows quantification of genetic markers that are specific to the host of the bacteria Bacteroides and allow detection of recent contamination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Her laboratory focuses on the pathogenesis of colon disease by enteric bacteria using enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) as a model for inducing colon inflammation. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • This technique allows quantification of genetic markers that are specific to the host of the bacteria a Bacteroides nd allow detection of recent contamination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wound and skin infections are the growth and spread of microbes , usually bacteria , within the skin or a break or wound in the skin. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Tularemia-this infection is caused by Francisella tularensis bacteria. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Anthrax -this is an infection caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis . (labtestsonline.org)
  • This type of infection often involves Group A streptococci, which are sometimes referred to as "flesh-eating bacteria. (labtestsonline.org)
  • 1949. Synergism in experimental infections with nonsporulating anaerobic bacteria. (springer.com)
  • While CRISPR-Cas systems have been identified in bacteria from a wide variety of ecological niches, there are no studies to describe CRISPR-Cas elements in Bacteroides species, the most prevalent anaerobic bacteria in the lower intestinal tract. (frontiersin.org)
  • Which common bacteria cause wound infections from primate bites? (medscape.com)
  • To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of UNASYN ® and other antibacterial drugs, UNASYN should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. (rxlist.com)
  • Sulfamethoxazole and flagyl trimethoprim are both antibiotics indicated to treat with infections proven to be caused by bacteria. (hwk-hamburg.de)
  • Metronidazole Injection, USP is indicated in the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible anaerobic bacteria. (fda.gov)
  • However, when something happens to disrupt the balance of bacteria, such as what occurs with deep injuries, surgery or internal infections, these bacteria can invade the tissue, leading to deep infection and tissue death. (petmd.com)
  • The bacteria which cause anaerobic infections are able to grow best in the absence of free oxygen. (petmd.com)
  • The most commonly isolated bacteria from abscesses of odontogenic origin were Bacteroides fragilis in 12.8 per cent (6/47) of cases, Pasteurella multocida in 10.6 per cent (5/47) and Peptostreptococcus anaerobius in 8.5 per cent (4/47). (bmj.com)
  • Aerobic bacterial species only were isolated in 29.2 per cent (7/24) of cases, anaerobic bacteria only were isolated in 33.3 per cent (8/24), and mixed infection with anaerobic and aerobic bacterial species was seen in 37.5 per cent (9/24). (bmj.com)
  • DALLAS - Dec. 10, 2014 - UT Southwestern Medical Center microbiologists have identified key bacteria in the gut whose resources are hijacked to spread harmful foodborne E. coli infections and other intestinal illnesses. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • This study opens up the door to understand how different microbiota composition among hosts may impact the course and outcome of an infection," said Dr. Sperandio, whose lab studies how bacteria recognize the host and how this recognition might be exploited to interfere with bacterial infections. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • These are some of the better-known bacteria and viruses responsible for HAIs, yet many others exists that healthcare providers should be aware of as they work to eradicate these infections from their organizations. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • The bacteria can cause blood infections, pneumonia, meningitis, urinary tract infections and wound infections, and are often resistant to commonly prescribed antibiotics. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • The bacteria gained the nickname "Iraqibacter" after exhibiting an extremely high presence in war-zone medical facilities in Iraq and Afghanistan and causing infections in wounded soldiers. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • However, it can cause infections, most commonly in cohort with other bacteria. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • The bacteria are transmitted via the fecal-oral route, most commonly being transferred from an infection site to another patient by a healthcare provider's hands. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • C. sordellii is a rare bacteria, most often causing infections in patients with underlying medical conditions. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • The Enterobacteriaceae bacteria family is infamous for its resistance to antibiotics, mainly carbapenem antibiotics, the class of antibiotics often used as a final line of defense against infections. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • For the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible anaerobic bacteria, including Bacteroides spp. (drugbank.ca)
  • The Bacteroides fragilis group consists of species of obligate anaerobic bacteria that inhabit the human gut. (cdc.gov)
  • Escherichia coli and Bacteroides fragilis are bacteria present in the normal intestinal flora of horses and are responsible for natural peritonitis (Ricketts, 1987). (scielo.br)
  • Infections Due to Bacteroides and Fusobacterium: Findings in 102 Patients. (annals.org)
  • Infections with anaerobic organisms belonging to the Bacteroides-Fusobacterium group are much more common than is generally appreciated. (annals.org)
  • The pathogenicity of 42 strains of Bacteroides of human origin was estimated by intracutaneous injection of bacterial suspensions into guinea-pig skin. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Bacteroides such as Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron [21] converts these sugars to fermentation products which are beneficial to humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • This man was diagnosed with an uncommon abdominal aorta mycotic aneurysm caused by Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron and Acinetobacter lwoffii. (bvsalud.org)
  • designation of neotype strains for Bacteroides fragilis (Veillon and Zuber) Castellani and Chalmers and Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (Distaso) Castellani and Chalmers. (springer.com)
  • Early studies analyzing genes necessary for starch utilization in Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron led to the identification of the sus locus ( 3 - 6 ), the first characterized locus of a Bacteroides species encoding a cluster of genes necessary to utilize a complex carbohydrate. (asm.org)
  • Treatment of appendicitis (complicated by rupture or abscess) and peritonitis caused by β-lactamase-producing E. coli resistant to piperacillin but susceptible to piperacillin and tazobactam or caused by Bacteroides fragilis , B. ovatus , B. thetaiotaomicron , or B. vulgatus . (drugs.com)
  • The UT Southwestern team discovered that EHEC uses a common gut bacterium called Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron to worsen EHEC infection. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • EHEC senses changes in sugar concentrations brought about by B. thetaiotaomicron and uses this information to turn on virulence genes that help the infection colonize the gut, thwart recognition and killing by the host immune system, and obtain enough nutrients to survive. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • Mice whose gut microbiota consisted solely of B. thetaiotaomicron were more susceptible to infection than those that had no gut microbiota. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • Once again, the research group saw that B. thetaiotaomicron caused changes in the environment that promoted C. rodentium infection. (utsouthwestern.edu)
  • Foul-smelling abscesses, gas, and putrefaction are characteristic of infection with this organism. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • They have been isolated from abscesses and burns in the vicinity of the mouth, bites, paronychia, urinary tract infection, brain abscesses, osteomyelitis, and bacteremia associated with upper respiratory tract infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can cause pulmonary abscesses when naturally-occurring oropharangeal Bacteroides and closely related genera are aspirated into the lung(8). (msdsonline.com)
  • Effect of dosing and dosing frequency on the efficacy of ceftizoxime and the emergence of ceftizoxime resistance during the early development of murine abscesses caused by Bacteroides fragilis and Enterobacter cloacae mixed infection. (curehunter.com)
  • The selection of ceftizoxime (CZX)-resistant Enterobacter cloacae mutant strains during the development of murine mixed- infection abscesses was studied to determine the PDI that is important for the emergence of resistance and the PDI value needed for the prevention of resistance. (curehunter.com)
  • Skin infections (wounds and abscesses) due to Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus intermedius and Streptococcus spp. (medi-vet.com)
  • An experimental model of intra-abdominal sepsis has shown that B. fragilis alone can cause abscesses, whereas other Bacteroides species require the synergistic effect of another organism. (merckmanuals.com)
  • This high level of antibiotic resistance has prompted concerns that Bacteroides species may become a reservoir for resistance in other, more highly pathogenic bacterial strains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many cultures of Bacteroides strains display brown to black pigmentation on blood agar media caused by esculin hydrolysis(7). (msdsonline.com)
  • UNASYN is indicated for the treatment of infections due to susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below. (rxlist.com)
  • Intra-Abdominal Infections caused by beta-lactamase producing strains of Escherichia coli , Klebsiella spp. (rxlist.com)
  • Hypertoxin producing strains of C. difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. (drugs.com)
  • As a result of this adverse effect, the United Kingdom Committee on Safety of Medicines (CSM) recommended that amoxicillin clavulanate only be used for bacterial infections that are thought to be caused by amoxicillin-resistant strains and treatment length should be suitable for the indication and not usually exceed 14 days. (bpac.org.nz)
  • For example, enterotoxigenic strains of Bacteroides fragilis are associated with diarrhea in humans. (google.com)
  • This paper is concerned with clinical and bacteriologic findings in 127 infections due to these organisms, occurring in 102 patients. (annals.org)
  • Skin tests of pathogens may be of value in the analysis of virulence factors of Bacteroides and possibly of other anaerobic organisms. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Unusual in bacterial organisms, Bacteroides membranes contain sphingolipids . (wikipedia.org)
  • They surmised that alterations of the normal flora state might produce local infections such as vaginitis, and later it became apparent that certain organisms in the flora could produce ascending infections involving the upper genital tract. (springer.com)
  • Bacteroides species are considered commensal organisms because they benefit their hosts in numerous ways, such as assisting in the digestion of complex carbohydrates and development of the immune system, as well as contributing to the biotransformation of bile salts and vitamin synthesis. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The major basis for recommending co-amoxiclav is in-vitro sensitivity data of organisms related to dog bites, and most authorities recommend using prophylactic antimicrobials in selected patients at high risk of infection. (bmj.com)
  • While UNASYN is indicated only for the conditions listed above, infections caused by ampicillin-susceptible organisms are also amenable to treatment with UNASYN due to its ampicillin content. (rxlist.com)
  • Therefore, mixed infections caused by ampicillin-susceptible organisms and beta-lactamase producing organisms susceptible to UNASYN should not require the addition of another antibacterial. (rxlist.com)
  • Appropriate culture and susceptibility tests should be performed before treatment in order to isolate and identify the organisms causing infection and to determine their susceptibility to UNASYN. (rxlist.com)
  • Therapy may be instituted prior to obtaining the results from bacteriological and susceptibility studies when there is reason to believe the infection may involve any of the beta-lactamase producing organisms listed above in the indicated organ systems. (rxlist.com)
  • This report summarizes the case and highlights the need for awareness of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) in returning travelers who have received inpatient medical care outside the United States, both for timely implementation of proper infection control measures and to ensure administration of appropriate antimicrobials. (cdc.gov)
  • These infections require this broad spectrum antibiotic to cover the large range of potential causative organisms. (bpac.org.nz)
  • Vaginal yeast infections are caused by overgrowth of fungal organisms, usually the Candida Albicans species. (sutterhealth.org)
  • Dental infections due to Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus intermedius, Streptococcus spp. (medi-vet.com)
  • Studies have suggested the reduced effectiveness of vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infections with high vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Streptococcus viridans , Staphylococcus epidermidis, and the Bacteroides buccae anaerobe. (hindawi.com)
  • represent an important anaerobic bacterial genus associated with human infections(3). (msdsonline.com)
  • The members of Bacteroides , a genus with numerous species abundant in the human colon, are especially adept at utilizing the vast array of PS and glycans that arrive to the colon from the diet or are present on the mucins overlying the epithelial layer. (asm.org)
  • Microbes of the genus Bacteroides make up ~25% of the total gut microbiome. (frontiersin.org)
  • In vitro activity of ten antibiotics, including tigecycline, against Bacteroides species in Austria. (ebscohost.com)
  • The article focuses on the regional trend of antibiotic resistance of clinically significant isolates of the Bacteroides fragilis group in South-East Austria to ten anti-anaerobic antibiotics. (ebscohost.com)
  • Some species ( B. fragilis , for example) are opportunistic human pathogens , causing infections of the peritoneal cavity, gastrointestinal surgery, and appendicitis via abscess formation, inhibiting phagocytosis , and inactivating beta-lactam antibiotics . (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, Bacteroides are resistant to a wide variety of antibiotics -β-lactams, aminoglycosides , and recently many species have acquired resistance to erythromycin and tetracycline . (wikipedia.org)
  • Diarrhoea may be caused by antibiotics and this is with a buying clear sign of a new infection especially if diarrhoea is watery or is mixed with blood. (hwk-hamburg.de)
  • With the use of antibiotics, a new era in the management of wound infections commenced. (medscape.com)
  • In a mixed aerobic and anaerobic infection, antibiotics appropriate for the treatment of the aerobic infection should be used in addition to Metronidazole Injection, USP. (fda.gov)
  • So root canals and cavitations need to be regularly treated by a holistic dentist if you want to prevent the cycles of infection without antibiotics that no longer are effective. (infobarrel.com)
  • May also be used to treat MSSA and respiratory infections caused by S. pneumoniae and S. pyogenes in patients who are intolerant to other indicated antibiotics or who are infected with resistant organism. (drugbank.ca)
  • For details, see the latest edition of our handbook, "Antibiotics: Choices for common infections" , bpac nz . (bpac.org.nz)
  • Unfortunately the oral antibiotics can then cause a yeast infection! (sutterhealth.org)
  • Analyze the available antibiotics used in the treatment of oral and maxillofacial infections. (netce.com)
  • First, IAI is frequently a polymicrobial infection, with both facultative and anaerobic microorganisms, and broad-spectrum parenteral antibiotics are indicated. (glowm.com)
  • This has not been demonstrated in humans (Falagas 1998, Fahrig 1997, Beard 1988, Roe 1985), there still being a great deal of controversy (Adil 2018, Friedman 2009) and metronidazole is one of the most used antibiotics in vaginal, intestinal and other infections and whose use in humans is spreading (Adil 2018, Sobel 2015). (e-lactancia.org)
  • Distinct time-resolved roles for two catabolite-sensing pathways during Streptococcus pyogenes infection. (asmscience.org)
  • [12] Although Bacteroides species are anaerobic, they are transiently aerotolerant [13] and thus can survive in the abdominal cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 10 ] Aínda que as especies de Bacteroides son anaeróbicas, son aerotolerantes e así poden sobrevivir na cavidade abdominal. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1977. Quantitative determination of the antibody response to the capsular polysaccharide of Bacteroides fragilis in an animal model of intra-abdominal abscess formation. (springer.com)
  • abdominal infection started Metronidazole (metronidazole) treatment (dosage: (total Dose: 41.25g)) on NS. (patientsville.com)
  • May be useful in polymicrobic infections such as intra-abdominal or pelvic infections, osteomyelitis, diabetic foot ulcers, aspiration pneumonia and dental infections. (drugbank.ca)
  • They are among the leading pathogens isolated in the setting of intra-abdominal infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: signs of a new infection (such as sore throat that doesn't go away, fever easy bruising/bleeding, stomach / abdominal pain, painful urination. (shaareyzedek.org)
  • The B. fragilis group is part of the normal bowel flora and includes the anaerobic pathogens most frequently isolated from intra-abdominal and pelvic infections. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Fractionation of hemagglutinating and bacterial binding adhesins of Bacteroides gingivalis. (asm.org)
  • An outer membrane complex containing hemagglutinating and bacterial aggregating activity has been isolated from Bacteroides gingivalis. (asm.org)
  • Characterization of rat T helper cell clones specific for Bacteroides gingivalis antigen. (asm.org)
  • The clones were derived by culturing purified splenic T cells from rats immunized with the pathogen Bacteroides gingivalis with equivalent numbers of irradiated spleen cells from nonimmune rats and B. gingivalis whole-cell antigen. (asm.org)
  • Bacteroides (Porphyromonas) gingivalis fimbriae activate mouse peritoneal macrophages and induce gene expression and production of interleukin-1. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Application of monoclonal antibodies to the detection of black-pigmented Bacteroides gingivalis spp.in subgingival plaques by immunoslot blot assay. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Bacteroides species also benefit their host by excluding potential pathogens from colonizing the gut. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once you have invested in your Rife apparatus you can address the exact pathogens that are causing the infection. (infobarrel.com)
  • Bacteroides fragilis subspecies in clinical isolates. (ebscohost.com)
  • Due to the high similarity in mass spectrum patterns between B. dorei and Bacteroides vulgatus , discriminating these species is arduous in clinical practice. (researchsquare.com)
  • Expert in foodborne and enteric infections and has studied the pathogenesis of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) both in the laboratory and in clinical settings over the past nearly 20 years. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • 1929. Clinical and bacteriological study of 113 cases of streptococcic puerperal infection. (springer.com)
  • nov. from human clinical infections. (springer.com)
  • This study was the only one we found focused on O. ureolytica infection in the clinical setting. (cdc.gov)
  • Necrotizing cervical soft tissue infections (NCSTIs) are devastating uncommon clinical entities that are often life threatening. (hindawi.com)
  • Dawson et al, A comparison of Oral Azithromycin with Topical Oxytetracycline/Polymyxin for the Treatment of Trachoma in Children, Clinical Infections Diseases 1997:24 (March) 363-368. (patentgenius.com)
  • The virulence factors of B. fragilis probably account for its frequent isolation from clinical specimens despite its relative rarity in normal flora compared with other Bacteroides species. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Bacteroides fragilis is an obligate anaerobe which will appear as a gram negative bacillus on a gram stain. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Metronidazole is the most commonly used antimicrobial for Bacteroides fragilis infections and is recommended for prophylaxis of colorectal surgery. (nih.gov)
  • We found no cases in which a patient's death was attributed to O. ureolytica infection, and all reported cases resolved with antimicrobial drug treatment ( 3 - 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Because clindamycin therapy has been associated with severe colitis which may end fatally, it should be reserved for serious infections where less toxic antimicrobial agents are inappropriate, as described in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section. (drugs.com)
  • Amoxicillin clavulanate is an important and effective medicine but its use must be reserved for specific indications in order to reduce the rate of antimicrobial resistant infections. (bpac.org.nz)
  • Antimicrobial or antibiotic agents are used in the treatment of bacterial infections, especially of the gastrointestinal tract. (google.com)
  • Bacteroides, Parabacteroides, Odoribacter are generally bile resistant, distinguished from genera which are bile sensitive. (msdsonline.com)
  • Anaerobic infections PART 3: Infection with Gram-negative obligate anaerobes (Bacteroides spp. (slideplayer.com)
  • The role of obligate anaerobes in serious infection has received increasing attention over the past several years. (springer.com)
  • Reports on how AIDS and AIDS relating conditions while highlighting on the predisposition of the disease to bacteremia infections. (ebscohost.com)
  • Bacteroides fragilis: a case study of bacteremia and septic arthritis. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Severe infection may result from the invasion of the bacillus through a break in the mucous membrane into the venous circulation, where thrombosis and bacteremia may occur. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bacteremia may cause metastatic infections, including endocarditis, especially in patients with valvular heart abnormalities. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Gram-negative bacteremia secondary to infection usually originates in the GU or GI tract or in the skin of patients with decubitus ulcers. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Bacteroides bacteremia may develop in patients with infections of the abdomen and the pelvis, particularly the female genital tract. (merckmanuals.com)
  • If an infection in the abdomen causes bacteremia, the organism is most likely a gram-negative bacillus. (merckmanuals.com)
  • If an infection above the diaphragm causes bacteremia, the organism is most likely gram-positive. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Transient or sustained bacteremia can cause metastatic infection of the meninges or serous cavities, such as the pericardium or larger joints. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Sustained bacteremia may cause metastatic focal infection or sepsis. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Bacteremia is often transient and of no consequence, but sustained bacteremia may cause metastatic focal infection or sepsis. (merckmanuals.com)
  • These infections trigger the body's immune system and cause inflammation and tissue damage within the skin or wound and slow the healing process. (labtestsonline.org)
  • If there is a break in the skin or if the immune system is weakened, then the microbes may cause a wound or skin infection. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Skin and wound infections interfere with the healing process and can create additional tissue damage. (labtestsonline.org)
  • They can affect anyone, but people with underlying conditions are at risk of slower wound healing and greater risk of wound infections. (labtestsonline.org)
  • The scale of wound infections was most evident in times of war. (medscape.com)
  • Joseph Lister (Professor of Surgery, London, 1827-1912) and Louis Pasteur (French bacteriologist, 1822-1895) revolutionized the entire concept of wound infection. (medscape.com)
  • Cats that have developed an anaerobic bacterial infection because of a wound, for instance, may display bite marks, have pus oozing from the wound, or open fractures (where bone sticks out). (petmd.com)
  • Minor wound infections may just require local drainage (eg, removal of surgical suture) and do not require microbiological testing. (edu.au)
  • Wound swab or MCS pus (pus microscopy and culture) for moderate or severe infection, especially when there is spreading cellulitis or symptoms and signs of systemic infection. (edu.au)
  • The only known ETBF virulence factor is the Bacteroides fragilis toxin (BFT), which induces E-cadherin cleavage, interleukin-8 secretion, and epithelial cell proliferation. (jove.com)
  • It notes that necrotizing fasciitis is a life-threatening bacterial infection that causes necrosis of the fascia and subcutaneous tissue of the skin. (ebscohost.com)
  • The ultimate cause of an anaerobic bacterial infection is the disruption of normal bacterial balance within the cat's body. (petmd.com)
  • Pediatric bacterial meningitis is a life-threatening illness that results from bacterial infection of the meninges and leaves some survivors with significant sequelae. (medscape.com)
  • Propylthiouracil has a useful antineoplastic agents demonstrated to 24 2045 are more common bacterial infection. (imagenenaccion.org)
  • In fact, B. fragilis is the most commonly isolated organism in anaerobic infections (1). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • An alternative fecal indicator organism, Bacteroides, has been suggested because they make up a significant portion of the fecal bacterial population, have a high degree of host specificity that reflects differences in the digestive system of the host animal, and have a small potential to grow in the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Efficacy for this organism in this organ system was studied in fewer than 10 infections. (rxlist.com)
  • FLAGYL is indicated in the treatment of asymptomatic T. vaginalis infection in females when the organism is associated with endocervicitis, cervicitis, or cervical erosion. (rxlist.com)
  • Since there were no obvious predisposing conditions preceding anaerobic infection in the young male patient other than acupuncture therapy, it is speculated that the organism was introduced to the blood circulation either from improperly sterilized acupuncture needles or from the colon via minute perforations caused by those needles. (asm.org)
  • Blood cultures should be drawn from the catheter and from a peripheral vein.A catheter-related bloodstream infection is suggested by cultures drawn through the catheter that become positive more than 120 minutes before peripherally drawn cultures, and by repeated isolation of the same organism over time. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • One thing is certain: its aerotolerance allows its survival in a spreading infection and contributes to its virulence (3). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The coordinated expression of virulence factors by iron availability is not surprising, since the concentration of iron at most host infection sites is low, due to stringently regulated transport systems. (asm.org)
  • Of these patients, 71 had long-term urinary drainage systems and 14 had symptomatic urinary tract infections. (cdc.gov)
  • There is data suggesting that members of Bacteroides affect the lean or obese phenotype in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • They primarily infect rabbits and rodents, but humans can get infections through tick or deer fly bites or contact with infected animals that can result in skin ulcers. (labtestsonline.org)
  • An additional difficulty for the development of an effective STEC vaccine has been the lack of an animal model of infection that can reproduce the pathologies caused in humans 14 . (nature.com)
  • are members of the oral and vaginal flora, and are recovered from anaerobic infections of the respiratory tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacterial vaginosis is an overgrowth of one of the normal bacterial vaginal flora to the point that it becomes pathogenic and causes an infection. (sutterhealth.org)
  • Most cases originate from odontogenic infections [ 2 , 3 ], but there are reports of cases originating from the upper airways [ 4 , 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This course will review some of the most common oral and maxillofacial infections of odontogenic and non-odontogenic origin. (netce.com)
  • Identify the most common odontogenic infections of various origins. (netce.com)
  • 1973. Anaerobic bacterial infections of the female genital tract. (springer.com)
  • Other common symptoms of anaerobic bacterial infections in cats include fever, lameness , difficulty eating, and loss of appetite (related to infection of the gums). (petmd.com)
  • Bacteroides species are normally mutualistic , making up the most substantial portion of the mammalian gastrointestinal microbiota , [4] where they play a fundamental role in processing of complex molecules to simpler ones in the host intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The samples were obtained from patients with infections in normally sterile sites (without a resident microbiota). (asm.org)
  • Here we report that a prominent member of the intestinal microbiota, Bacteroides thetaiotamicron ( Bt ), secretes proteases that cleave the translocon of the T3SS of EHEC to enhance effector translocation into host cells. (asm.org)
  • Self-cleavage limits effector translocation, while cleavage by the microbiota member Bacteroides thetaiotamicron ( Bt ) exacerbates effector translocation and lesion formation on epithelial cells. (asm.org)
  • and B. thetaiotaomi´cron, the second most common anaerobic bacterium causing human infection (after B. fragilis ). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Previously referred to as CDC Group IVe, this bacterium is not commonly encountered as a source of infection and is difficult to isolate by using conventional laboratory procedures ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • An infection involving the oral and maxillofacial complex can appear innocuous but develop into a life-threatening infection. (netce.com)
  • This course is designed for all dental professionals involved in the identification and treatment of oral and maxillofacial infections. (netce.com)
  • The purpose of this course is to emphasize to dental professionals the importance of quickly identifying and treating oral and maxillofacial infections. (netce.com)
  • Evaluate the prevalence and appropriate treatment of oral fungal infections. (netce.com)
  • Metronidazole- and carbapenem-resistant Bacteroides fragilis are rare in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Metronidazole Injection, USP has been shown to be effective in Bacteroides fragilis infections resistant to clindamycin, chloramphenicol and penicillin. (fda.gov)
  • Infection (PJI) caused by methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant staphylococci will be included and followed during 2 years. (bioportfolio.com)
  • While inherently resistant to penicillins, most antibacterial regimens can eliminate the infection. (beckershospitalreview.com)
  • If not detected, this could lead to a bloodstream infection, worsened patient condition or other serious adverse health consequences. (fda.gov)
  • Gonorrhoea, infections of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract infection and meningitis. (hwk-hamburg.de)
  • It should not be used in patients with nonbacterial infections such as most upper respiratory tract infections. (drugs.com)
  • A 78-year-old man admitted with suspicion for mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysm was diagnosed by enhanced computed tomography scan, exhibiting the appearance of infection and dissection at the distal aortic arch. (researchsquare.com)