A phylum of bacteria comprised of three classes: Bacteroides, Flavobacteria, and Sphingobacteria.
A gram-negative gliding bacterium isolated from the oral cavity. It is a pathogen often causing PERIODONTITIS.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, nonsporeforming, nonmotile rods. Organisms of this genus had originally been classified as members of the BACTEROIDES genus but overwhelming biochemical and chemical findings in 1990 indicated the need to separate them from other Bacteroides species, and hence, this new genus was established.
A genus of gram-negative, chemoorganotrophic bacteria in the family Sphingobacteriaceae. They lack FLAGELLA but some species exhibit sliding motility.
A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.
A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are normal inhabitants of the oral, respiratory, intestinal, and urogenital cavities of humans, animals, and insects. Some species may be pathogenic.
Gram-negative bacteria occurring in the lower intestinal tracts of man and other animals. It is the most common species of anaerobic bacteria isolated from human soft tissue infections.
A family of gram-negative bacteria found primarily in the intestinal tracts and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Its organisms are sometimes pathogenic.
Infections with bacteria of the genus BACTEROIDES.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of humans and other animals. No endospores are formed. Some species are pathogenic and occur in various purulent or gangrenous infections.
A course of food intake that is high in FATS and low in CARBOHYDRATES. This diet provides sufficient PROTEINS for growth but insufficient amount of carbohydrates for the energy needs of the body. A ketogenic diet generates 80-90% of caloric requirements from fats and the remainder from proteins.
The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.
A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.
Food BEVERAGES that are used as nutritional substitutes for MILK.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
A malabsorption syndrome that is precipitated by the ingestion of foods containing GLUTEN, such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is characterized by INFLAMMATION of the SMALL INTESTINE, loss of MICROVILLI structure, failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION, and MALNUTRITION.
The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.
Enzymes from the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of acyl groups from donor to acceptor, forming either esters or amides. (From Enzyme Nomenclature 1992) EC 2.3.
A family of gram-negative bacteria in the order Methylophilales.
Identification and measurement of ELEMENTS and their location based on the fact that X-RAYS emitted by an element excited by an electron beam have a wavelength characteristic of that element and an intensity related to its concentration. It is performed with an electron microscope fitted with an x-ray spectrometer, in scanning or transmission mode.
A genus of gram-negative, sheathed, rod-shaped bacteria in the family COMAMONADACEAE.
The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.
Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A family of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria utilizing only one-carbon organic compounds and isolated from in soil and water.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Salts and esters of hydroxybutyric acid.
A phylum of anaerobic, gram-negative bacteria with a chemoorganotrophic heterotrophic metabolism. They are resident flora of the OROPHARYNX.
Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID that include a double bond between carbon 2 and 3 of the aliphatic structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobutryrate structure.
Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.
BUTYRIC ACID substituted in the beta or 3 position. It is one of the ketone bodies produced in the liver.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
A calcium salt that is used for a variety of purposes including: building materials, as a desiccant, in dentistry as an impression material, cast, or die, and in medicine for immobilizing casts and as a tablet excipient. It exists in various forms and states of hydration. Plaster of Paris is a mixture of powdered and heat-treated gypsum.
A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)
Widely scattered islands in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as the AZORES and as far south as the South Sandwich Islands, with the greatest concentration found in the CARIBBEAN REGION. They include Annobon Island, Ascension, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Fernando Po (also called Isla de Bioko and Bioko), Gough Island, Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, Saint Helena, and Tristan da Cunha.
A condition in which closely related persons, usually in the same family, share the same delusions.
Heat- and storage-labile plasma glycoprotein which accelerates the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin in blood coagulation. Factor V accomplishes this by forming a complex with factor Xa, phospholipid, and calcium (prothrombinase complex). Deficiency of factor V leads to Owren's disease.
A plasma protein that is the inactive precursor of thrombin. It is converted to thrombin by a prothrombin activator complex consisting of factor Xa, factor V, phospholipid, and calcium ions. Deficiency of prothrombin leads to hypoprothrombinemia.
Cylindrical epithelial cells in the innermost layer of the ENAMEL ORGAN. Their functions include contribution to the development of the dentinoenamel junction by the deposition of a layer of the matrix, thus producing the foundation for the prisms (the structural units of the DENTAL ENAMEL), and production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)

In vitro utilization of amylopectin and high-amylose maize (Amylomaize) starch granules by human colonic bacteria. (1/115)

It has been well established that a certain amount of ingested starch can escape digestion in the human small intestine and consequently enters the large intestine, where it may serve as a carbon source for bacterial fermentation. Thirty-eight types of human colonic bacteria were screened for their capacity to utilize soluble starch, gelatinized amylopectin maize starch, and high-amylose maize starch granules by measuring the clear zones on starch agar plates. The six cultures which produced clear zones on amylopectin maize starch- containing plates were selected for further studies for utilization of amylopectin maize starch and high-amylose maize starch granules A (amylose; Sigma) and B (Culture Pro 958N). Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) was used to detect bacterial starch-degrading enzymes. It was demonstrated that Bifidobacterium spp., Bacteroides spp., Fusobacterium spp., and strains of Eubacterium, Clostridium, Streptococcus, and Propionibacterium could hydrolyze the gelatinized amylopectin maize starch, while only Bifidobacterium spp. and Clostridium butyricum could efficiently utilize high-amylose maize starch granules. In fact, C. butyricum and Bifidobacterium spp. had higher specific growth rates in the autoclaved medium containing high-amylose maize starch granules and hydrolyzed 80 and 40% of the amylose, respectively. Starch-degrading enzymes were cell bound on Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides cells and were extracellular for C. butyricum. Active staining for starch-degrading enzymes on SDS-PAGE gels showed that the Bifidobacterium cells produced several starch-degrading enzymes with high relative molecular (M(r)) weights (>160,000), medium-sized relative molecular weights (>66,000), and low relative molecular weights (<66,000). It was concluded that Bifidobacterium spp. and C. butyricum degraded and utilized granules of amylomaize starch.  (+info)

Phylogenetic analysis of genus Marinilabilia and related bacteria based on the amino acid sequences of gyrB and emended description of Marinilabilia salmonicolor with Marinilabilia agarovorans as its subjective synonym. (2/115)

The detailed phylogenetic relationships for genus Marinilabilia and related taxa were analysed by using DNA gyrase B subunit gene (gyrB) sequences. Anaerobic bacteria in the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides phylum, namely genera Marinilabilia, Bacteroides, Rikenella, Prevotella and Porphyromonas and Cytophaga fermentans, were clustered in the same branch and the facultative anaerobes Marinilabilia and Cytophaga fermentans formed a subcluster in the branch of the anaerobic bacteria. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rDNA sequences gave a similar result but with a lower bootstrap value for each cluster. The gyrB sequences of Marinilabilia salmonicolor and Marinilabilia agarovorans were the same, and the relatedness of their chromosomal DNA, as determined by DNA-DNA hybridization, was greater than 70%. These genetic aspects led to the conclusion that M. salmonicolor IFO 15948T and M. agarovorans IFO 14957T belong to a single species. Since M. salmonicolor was described first, as Cytophaga salmonicolor, M. salmonicolor is a senior subjective synonym of M. agarovorans. Therefore, the name M. salmonicolor should be retained and strain IFO 14957T should be reclassified as M. salmonicolor. However, the agar-degrading ability of strain IFO 14957T is a prominent biochemical characteristic. It is therefore proposed that strain IFO 14957T should be renamed M. salmonicolor biovar agarovorans.  (+info)

Age and disease related changes in intestinal bacterial populations assessed by cell culture, 16S rRNA abundance, and community cellular fatty acid profiles. (3/115)

BACKGROUND: The normal intestinal microflora plays an important role in host metabolism and provides a natural defence mechanism against invading pathogens. Although the microbiota in adults has been extensively studied, little is known of the changes that occur in the microflora with aging. These may have important consequences in elderly people, many of whom are receiving antibiotic therapy and who are most susceptible to intestinal dysbiosis. AIMS: To characterise the major groups of faecal bacteria in subjects of different ages using a combination of cultural, molecular, and chemotaxonomic approaches. METHODS: Comparative microbiological studies were made on four different subject groups: children (16 months to seven years, n=10), adults (21-34 years, n=7), healthy elderly subjects (67-88 years, n=5), and geriatric patients (68-73 years, n=4) diagnosed with Clostridium difficile diarrhoea. Selected faecal bacteria were investigated using viable counting procedures, 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) abundance measurements, and the occurrence of specific signature fatty acids in whole community fatty acid methyl ester profiles. RESULTS: The principal microbiological difference between adults and children was the occurrence of higher numbers of enterobacteria in the latter group, as determined by viable counts (p<0.05) and 16S rRNA (p<0.01) measurements. Moreover, a greater proportion of children's faecal rRNA was hybridised by the three probes (bifidobacteria, enterobacteria, bacteroides-porphyromonas-prevotella) used in the study, indicating a less developed gut microbiota. Species diversity was also markedly lower in the Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea group, which was characterised by high numbers of facultative anaerobes and low levels of bifidobacteria and bacteroides. Although it was a considerably less sensitive diagnostic tool, cellular fatty acid analysis correlated with viable bacterial counts and 16S rRNA measurements in a number of bacteria, including bacteroides. CONCLUSIONS: Polyphasic analysis of faecal bacteria showed that significant structural changes occur in the microbiota with aging, and this was especially evident with respect to putatively protective bifidobacteria. Reductions in these organisms in the large bowel may be related to increased disease risk in elderly people.  (+info)

Evaluation of enrichment, storage, and age of blood agar medium in relation to its ability to support growth of anaerobic bacteria. (4/115)

By measuring the colony size of a variety of anaerobic bacteria isolated from clinical specimens, an evaluation was made of the benefits derived from the addition of several enrichments to blood agar medium commonly used for the growth of anaerobes. Similar methods were used to study the effects of various storage conditions and age of the medium. The results were compared with those obtained on freshly prepared and enriched blood agar plates as well as commercially available blood agar plates. Freshly prepared and enriched blood agar was found to give substantially larger colonies than could be grown on commercially obtained blood agar plates when both were inoculated and incubated under identical conditions. Storage of plating media under CO2 for periods of up to 72 h had only a minor effect on the growth of the anaerobic bacteria studied, but longer periods of storage under CO2 resulted in a less efficient plating medium. Nonenriched brain heart infusion (BHI) was found to be a better basal medium than Trypticase soy agar (TSA) medium. Colony size on fully enriched BHI blood agar plates was greater than nonenriched BHI greater than nonenriched TSA greater than commercially prepared nonenriched TSA plates. The data suggest that freshness of the plates may be as important as using rich media.  (+info)

Effect of dietary short-chain fructooligosaccharides on the cecal microflora in gastrectomized rats. (5/115)

Total gastric resection is known to lead to changes in the microflora in the whole gastrointestinal tract. Dietary short-chain fructooligosaccharides (Sc-FOS) have been shown to also induce a change in the microflora in the large bowel by promoting an increase in the numbers of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus which have beneficial effects on the host. In the present study, 4-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats received total gastrectomy or laparotomy, and each of these surgically treated groups was randomly divided into two experimental diet groups and given a 7.5% Sc-FOS diet or control diet. Enumeration and identification of the cecal bacteria was performed by using selective and non-selective media. In the gastrectomized rats, the total bacterial count, and the counts of Bacteroidaceae and Enterobacteriaceae were higher than those in the sham-operated rats. Sc-FOS promoted an increase in the numbers of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus, In the rats fed on the Sc-FOS diet, the predominant type of bacteria was Lactobacillus and in the rats fed on the control diet, it was Bacteroidaceae irrespective of gastrectomy. We confirmed that both gastrectomy and dietary Sc-FOS changed the composition of cecal microflora in the rats. Dietary Sc-FOS in the gastrectomized rats increased the proportions of Lactobacillus relative to other types of bacteria to levels similar to those seen in healthy normal rats, and decreased the proportion of Bacteroidaceae.  (+info)

Establishment of specific pathogen-free guinea-pig colonies using limited-flora guinea-pigs associated with conventional guinea-pig flora, and monitoring of their cecal flora. (6/115)

Six groups of limited flora (LF) Hartley guinea-pigs were produced by inoculation of hysterectomy-derived GF guinea-pigs with various combinations of cecal bacteria of conventional (CV) guinea-pigs to determine the effective bacterial cocktails for the establishment of a specific pathogen free (SPF) colony. Bifidobacterium magnum (Bif) isolated from CV guinea-pigs was used for pretreatment. The mortality of LF guinea-pigs inoculated with only Bif was 75%, and that of those inoculated with Bif plus chloroform-treated cecal suspension (CHF) or Bif plus CHF plus 32 isolates from CV guinea-pigs was 40 to 66.7%. These three groups were in an unhealthy condition with mucoid enteritis-like diarrhea. However, the mortality of LF guinea-pigs inoculated with the anaerobic growth on EG plates injected with 10(-5) dilution of cecal contents (CF) or inoculated with Bif plus CF was 6.3 and 15%, respectively. These latter two groups of LF guinea-pigs were transferred to separate barrier rooms and some of the LF guinea-pigs were maintained in isolators as a source of intestinal flora for SPF guinea-pigs. The composition of cecal flora of LF guinea-pigs was stable for a long time, and bacteroidaceae and peptococcaceae were maintained as predominant components. The basic composition of the cecal flora of SPF guinea-pigs originated from LF guinea-pigs, which consists mainly of the anaerobic bacteria, was not changed over a long period, and the flora composition became similar to that in CV guinea-pigs. Guinea-pig-specific pathogens from the SPF colonies were not detected during experiments.  (+info)

Virulence properties of oral bacteria: impact of molecular biology. (7/115)

Dental caries and periodontitis, although generally not life threatening, are nevertheless of significant importance. An understanding of the molecular nature of these diseases could aid the development of novel methods of prevention and control, and increase our knowledge of their etiology. The identification of virulence factors in oral bacteria could lead to the development of vaccines directed against these organisms, the design of inhibitors of biofilm formation, and the development of replacement therapy strategies.  (+info)

Establishment of specific pathogen-free (SPF) rat colonies using gnotobiotic techniques. (8/115)

Gnotobiotic Wistar rats were produced using gnotobiotic techniques, which were established in the production of a SPF mouse colony, in order to establish a barrier-sustained colony. One strain of Escherichia coli, 28 strains of Bacteriodaceae (B-strains), three strains of Lactobacillus (L-strains) and a chloroform-treated fecal suspension (CHF, Clostridium mixture) were prepared from conventional Wistar rats as the microflora source. Two groups of limited-flora rats, E. coli plus B-strains and E. coli plus CHF, were produced. After confirmation that Clostridium difficile was not detected in the CHF-inoculated rats, two groups of limited-flora rats were transferred to an isolator and housed together in a cage. These rats were then orally inoculated with L-strains. The gnotobiotic rats showed colonization resistance to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the number of E. coli in the feces was 10(5) to 10(6)/g. The gnotobiotic rats were transferred to a barrier room as a source of intestinal flora for SPF colonies. In the SPF rats, basic cecal flora was mainly composed of Bacteroidaceae, clostridia, fusiform-shaped bacteria and lactobacilli, and did not change over a long period. Their flora became similar to that of conventional rats.  (+info)

The biogeochemical nitrogen cycle depends on a diverse range of microorganisms that catalyse key reactions such as (i) assimilatory and respiratory (dissimilatory) nitrate and nitrite reduction to ammonium, (ii) denitrification including nitric oxide (NO) production and detoxification as well as nitrous oxide (N2O) respiration, (iii) nitrogen fixation, (iv) nitrification and (v) anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox).. An environmentally important intermediate of the nitrogen cycle is nitrous oxide (laughing gas), which is a potent greenhouse gas and an ozone depleting substance. We study the nitrogen metabolism of nitrate/nitrite-ammonifying bacteria that, in addition, are capable to grow by nitrous oxide respiration. A prime example for this type of energy metabolism is the non-pathogenic rumen bacterium Wolinella succinogenes (order Campylobacterales). As this bacterium is known to generate small amounts of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrous oxide during nitrate ammonification, we also explore the ...
Sulfur is an essential element for life and the metabolism of organic sulfur compounds plays an important role in the global sulfur cycle. Sulfur occurs in various oxidation states ranging from +6 in sulfate to -2 in sulfide (H2S). Sulfate reduction can occur in both an energy consuming assimilatory pathway and an energy producing dissimilatory pathway. The assimilatory pathway, which is found in a wide range of organisms, produces reduced sulfur compounds for the biosynthesis of S-containing amino acids and does not lead to direct excretion of sulfide. In the dissimilatory pathway, which is restricted to obligatory anaerobic bacterial and archaeal lineages, sulfate (or sulfur) is the terminal electron acceptor of the respiratory chain producing large quantities of inorganic sulfide. Both pathways start from the activation of sulfate by reaction with ATP to form adenylyl sulfate (APS). In the assimilatory pathway [MD:M00176] APS is converted to 3-phosphoadenylyl sulfate (PAPS) and then reduced ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; FCB group; Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi group; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; Bacteroides; Bacteroides ...
ID R5BFQ0_9BACE Unreviewed; 574 AA. AC R5BFQ0; DT 24-JUL-2013, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 24-JUL-2013, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 16. DE RecName: Full=V-type ATP synthase subunit I {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361189}; GN ORFNames=BN459_00863 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CCX54405.1}; OS Bacteroides sp. CAG:1060. OC Bacteria; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; OC Bacteroides; environmental samples. OX NCBI_TaxID=1262734 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CCX54405.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000018006}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CCX54405.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000018006} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=MGS:1060 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000018006}; RA Nielsen H.B., Almeida M., Juncker A.S., Rasmussen S., Li J., RA Sunagawa S., Plichta D., Gautier L., Le Chatelier E., Peletier E., RA Bonde I., Nielsen T., Manichanh C., Arumugam M., Batto J., RA Santos M.B.Q.D., Blom N., Borruel N., Burgdorf K.S., Boumezbeur F., RA Casellas F., Dore J., Guarner ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Enterobacterales; Enterobacteriaceae; Shigella; Shigella ...
Order your Dip slides (boxes of 10). Dipslides allow simple screening without the need for microbiological skills to interpret results or Petri-dish plate methods. The dual surface paddle is coated with specially formulated pre-hydrated long life agar (culture media) and is supplied sterile and ready to use.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens ced1 protein: shows cellodextrinase activity & rapidly hydrolyzes short-chain cellodextrins to yield either cellobiose or cellobiose & glucose as end products; releases cellobiose from p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-cellobioside & is not inhibited by methyl cellulose; amino acid sequence given in first source; from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens H17c
The Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens/Escherichia coli shuttle vector pBHerm has been modified to produce a plasmid (pBHE) that can be used for the identification and characterization of promoters in B. fibrisolvens. pBHE allows the insertion of a test promoter immediately upstream of a promoterless erythromycin resistance gene (ermAM). The efficacy of the pBHE plasmid in isolating and characterizing promoters was tested by inserting the flagellin gene (flaA) promoter from B. fibrisolvens OR77. Transcription of the ermAM gene from the flaA promoter was significantly higher than that observed when the ermAM gene was under the control of its own promoter. The flagelling gene of OR77 appears to be transcribed from two different promoters that produce transcripts initiating approximately 130 bp apart. Two mutant flaA promoter constructs, containing mutations in the −10 and −35 regions of either of the two putative promoter regions, showed drastic alterations in both the origin and amounts of the two ...
Bacteroides coprosuis Whitehead et al. 2005 belongs to the genus Bacteroides, which is a member of the family Bacteroidaceae. Members of the genus Bacteroides in general are known as beneficial protectors of animal guts against pathogenic microorganisms, and as contributors to the degradation of complex molecules such as polysaccharides. B. coprosuis itself was isolated from a manure storage pit of a swine facility, but has not yet been found in an animal host. The species is of interest solely because of its isolated phylogenetic location. The genome of B. coprosuis is already the 5th sequenced type strain genome from the genus Bacteroides. The 2,991,798 bp long genome with its 2,461 protein-coding and 78 RNA genes and is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.
Bacteroides barnesiae Lan et al. 2006 is a species of the genus Bacteroides, which belongs to the family Bacteroidaceae. Strain BL2T is of interest because it was isolated from the gut of a chicken and the growing awareness that the anaerobic microbiota of the caecum is of benefit for the host and may impact poultry farming. The 3,621,509 bp long genome with its 3,059 protein-coding and 97 RNA genes is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Type Strains, Phase I: the one thousand microbial genomes (KMG) project.
A new genus of cellulolytic, gram-negative, nonsporeforming, anaerobic bacteria is described. The colonies produced by these bacteria on cellulose agar were round, clear, translucent, and cream-colored and had an undulate margin. Single cells of the bacterium were straight to slightly curved rods 0.5 to 0.8 μm wide by 4 to 10 μm long and were motile by means of a single flagellum located one-third of the distance from the end of the cell. Among the various substrates tested, only cellulose, cellobiose, and salicin were able to support growth. The major fermentation products of cellobiose or cellulose degradation were acetic acid, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide. The deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of the type species was 38 mol% guanine plus cytosine. The name Acetivibrio is proposed for this new genus, which is placed in the family Bacteroidaceae. The type species, Acetivibrio cellulolyticus sp. nov., is named on the basis of its cellulolytic activity. The type strain of A. cellulolyticus is CD2
Mono- and Stereopictres of 5.0 Angstrom coordination sphere of Sodium atom in PDB 2bs3: Glu C180 -> Gln Variant Quinol:Fumarate Reductase From Wolinella Succinogenes
The definition of a dip slide, as described in the HSE approved code of practice and guidance for the control of legionella bacteria in water systems, is a means of testing the microbial content of liquids. It consists of a plastic carrier bearing a sterile culture medium which can be dipped in the liquid to be sampled. It is then incubated to allow microbial growth. The resulting microbial colonies are estimated by reference to a chart.. Dipslides are the most common method of measuring and monitoring microbial activity within many systems and commonly cooling systems.. ...
The ınvestigation of fatty acids and mineral profiles of some edible Lactarius species (L. deliciosus, L. deterrimus, L. salmonicolor, L. sanguifluus, L. semisanguifluus) in the Uşak province of Aegean Region ...
Kompas wojskowy renomowanej firmy RECTA, pochodzący z zasobów magazynowych armii holenderskiej. Używany, sprawny, w stanie dobrym, z lusterkiem posiadającym liczne zarysowania oraz z niewidocznymi już linijkami służącymi do dodatkowego pomiaru.
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Find and save ideas about Falda estampada en cereza on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Blusa estampada en cereza, Blusa estampada en caramelo and Falda recta con botones.
Campylobacter concisus ATCC ® BAA-1457D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Campylobacter concisus strain RM 5485 TypeStrain=False Application:
Define Bacteroides salivosus. Bacteroides salivosus synonyms, Bacteroides salivosus pronunciation, Bacteroides salivosus translation, English dictionary definition of Bacteroides salivosus. Noun 1. Bacteroides - type genus of Bacteroidaceae; genus of Gram-negative rodlike anaerobic bacteria producing no endospores and no pigment and living in...
The imbalance of gut microbiota is known to be associated with inflammatory bowel disease, but it remains unknown whether dysbiosis is a cause or consequence of chronic gut inflammation. In order to investigate the effects of gut inflammation on microbiota and metabolome, the sequential changes in gut microbiota and metabolites from the onset of colitis to the recovery in dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitic mice were characterized by using meta 16S rRNA sequencing and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) analysis. Mice in the colitis progression phase showed the transient expansions of two bacterial families including Bacteroidaceae and Enterobacteriaceae and the depletion of major gut commensal bacteria belonging to the uncultured Bacteroidales family S24-7, Rikenellaceae, Lachnospiraceae, and Ruminococcaceae. After the initiation of the recovery, commensal Lactobacillus members promptly predominated in gut while other normally abundant bacteria excluding the Erysipelotrichaceae remained
ID BATHE1_1_PE75 STANDARD; PRT; 96 AA. AC BATHE1_1_PE75; A9ILJ3; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE RecName: Full=2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate DE N-succinyltransferase; EC=2.3.1 117;AltName: Full=Tetrahydrodipicolinate DE N-succinyltransferase; Short=THDP succinyltransferase; Short=THP DE succinyltransferase; Short=Tetrahydropicolinate succinylase; DE (BATHE1_1.PE75). GN Name=dapD; OrderedLocusNames=BT_0075; OS BACTEROIDES THETAIOTAOMICRON VPI-5482. OC Bacteria; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; OC Bacteroides. OX NCBI_TaxID=226186; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS BATHE1_1.PE75. CC Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron VPI-5482 chromosome, complete genome. CC sequence. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:DAPD_BART1 CC -!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: Succinyl-CoA + (S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine- CC 2,6-dicarboxylate + H(2)O = CoA + ...
A notable feature of this and other clone library analyses from G.I. environments is the number of sequences that do not cluster with any known species. Sequences from nonruminant feces fell within the genera Bacteroides and Prevotella, while most sequences from ruminant hosts did not cluster with any known species. Both the range of sequence identity with the closest known species (87 to 91%) and the interclade identity range (81 to 94%) suggest that taxonomic diversity exists among ruminant sequences. Representatives of these groups must be isolated before phenotypic characterization or classification can be determined.. Within the genus Bacteroides, cloned sequences were closely related to known species, reflecting the greater number of cultivated representatives in this genus. This in turn reflects a greater emphasis placed on the study of the human fecal flora relative to other animal hosts. Many cultivated Bacteroides species, particularly B. vulgatus, B. uniformis, B. thetaiotaomicron, ...
Polypropylene tubes to hold 1-4 slides. Can be used to mail slides and to store small numbers of slides. Also these mailing tubes can be used as miniature Coplin jars to dip slides in photographic emulsion for autoradiography. The advantage of using these jars with emulsion is that they require only a small amount of emulsion, they are disposable, and you dont have to worry about cross-contamination from one batch of emulsion to the next.. 了解更多 ...
Suspend in demineralized water to give a concentration of 16.1 g/litre, aliquot into smaller vessels if required and, if necessary, add 1-10 ml Tween® 20 or 80 per litre of culture medium. Autoclave for 15 minutes at 121 °C ...
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SUMMARY: An antigenic determinant isolated from a strain of the Gram-negative bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens reacted with specific antisera to the polyglycero-phosphate backbone of membrane teichoic acids of lactobacilli. It gave a reaction of identity with membrane glycerol lipoteichoic acid and glycerol teichoic acid preparations from lactobacilli, and with phenol extracts of other Gram-positive bacteria. The antigen-antibody reaction was strongly inhibited by glycerol-phosphoryl-glycerol-phosphoryl-glycerol and the chemical composition was consistent with glycerol teichoic acid. It was concluded that this Gram-negative bacterium contained a glycerol teichoic acid whose polyglycerophosphate backbone was acting as antigenic determinant. Extracts of 33 out of 52 other strains of butyrivibrios examined gave similar reactions.
Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow (→) only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction). Number of species, including synonyms, cited in this file: 3 ...
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ConceptNet 5 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. If you use it in research, please cite this AAAI paper ...
We use our own and third-party cookies to offer our services and collect statistical information. If you continue browsing, accept their installation and use.. ...
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Principal Investigator:KATO Tetsuo, Project Period (FY):1996 - 1998, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Morphological basic dentistry
Scapoli, L., Arcuri, C., DOrto, O., Bolzoni, A., Lagana, F., & Carinci, F. (2019). Screening of periodontopathic bacteria in Italian patients affected by periodontitis. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL REGULATORS & HOMEOSTATIC AGENTS, 33(6), 15-20 ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Relationship of periodontal infection to serum antibody levels to periodontopathic bacteria and inflammatory markers in periodontitis patients with coronary heart disease. AU - Yamazaki, K.. AU - Honda, T.. AU - Domon, H.. AU - Okui, T.. AU - Kajita, K.. AU - Amanuma, R.. AU - Kudoh, C.. AU - Takashiba, S.. AU - Kokeguchi, S.. AU - Nishimura, F.. AU - Kodama, M.. AU - Aizawa, Y.. AU - Oda, H.. PY - 2007/9/1. Y1 - 2007/9/1. N2 - Several reports have demonstrated a possible association of periodontal infections with coronary heart disease (CHD) by elevated antibody titre to periodontopathic bacteria in CHD patients compared with non-diseased controls. Although each periodontopathic bacterium may vary in virulence for periodontitis and atherosclerosis, antibody response to multiple bacteria in CHD patients has not been understood fully. Therefore, serum levels of antibody to 12 periodontopathic bacteria together with other atherosclerotic risk markers were compared among 51 patients ...
Numerous studies relate differences in microbial communities to human health and disease; however, little is known about microbial changes that occur postmortem or the possible applications of microbiome analysis in the field of forensic science. The aim of this review was to study the microbiome and its applications in forensic sciences and to determine the main lines of investigation that are emerging, as well as its possible contributions to the forensic field. A systematic review of the human microbiome in relation to forensic science was carried out by following PRISMA guidelines. This study sheds light on the role of microbiome research in the postmortem interval during the process of decomposition, identifying death caused by drowning or sudden death, locating the geographical location of death, establishing a connection between the human microbiome and personal items, sexual contact, and the identification of individuals. Actinomycetaceae, Bacteroidaceae, Alcaligenaceae, and Bacilli play ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Large plasmids in ruminal strains of Selenomonas ruminantium. AU - Fliegerova, K AU - Benada, O AU - Flint, H J PY - 1998/4. Y1 - 1998/4. N2 - The plasmid content of six different isolates of Selenomonas ruminantium from the rumen of sheep, cows or goats was examined by electron microscopy. In addition to small plasmids (, 12 kb) studied previously, all six strains contained at least one plasmid larger than 20 kb. Plasmid sizes of 1.4, 2.1, 2.4, 5.0, 6.2, 20.4, 20.8, 22.7, 33.3, 29.3, 30.7, 34.4 and 42.6 kb were estimated from contour length measurements. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments revealed homology among the large plasmids from five strains, while the 20.8 kb plasmid from a sixth isolate showed no apparent relationship with the plasmids of the other strains.. AB - The plasmid content of six different isolates of Selenomonas ruminantium from the rumen of sheep, cows or goats was examined by electron microscopy. In addition to small plasmids (, 12 kb) studied previously, ...
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has moved to a new address:. M-Impresión: #marchanoroeste - la recta final Sorry for the inconvenience… Redirection provided by Blogger to WordPress Migration Service ...
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Answers to common questions about COVID PROFILE, a study of immunity in people who have recovered from or been exposed to COVID-19.
2016 Family Bacteroidaceae Pribram 1933 [incl. Prevotellaceae Krieg 2012] Family Marinifilaceae Iino et al. 2014 Family ... belongs to Bacteroidaceae, Prevotellaceae, Rikenellaceae, and Porphyromonadaceae families. This phylum is sometimes grouped ...
Moore, W. E. C; Johnson, J. L.; Holdeman, L. V. (1976). "Emendation of Bacteroidaceae and Butyrivibrio and Descriptions Of ...
... non-spore-forming and non-motile genus of bacteria from the family of Bacteroidaceae. "Genus: Anaerorhabdus". LPSN.DSMZ.de. ...
The B. fragilis group is the most commonly isolated Bacteroidaceae in anaerobic infections, especially those that originate ...
... bacteroidaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.110.109 - bacteroides infections MeSH C01.252.400.126 - bartonellaceae infections ...
Genus Hydrogenothermus Genus Persephonella Genus Sulfurihydrogenibium Genus Venenivibrio Family Bacteroidaceae Genus ...
... bacteroidaceae MeSH B03.440.425.410.194.152 - Bacteroides MeSH B03.440.425.410.194.152.400 - Bacteroides fragilis MeSH B03.440. ...
The family Bacteroidaceae is composed of five genera of environmental bacteria. The genus Capsularis used to exist prior to ...
Bacteroidaceae Genus: Bacteroides. Castellani & Chalmers 1919[1] Species *B. acidifaciens. *B. barnesiaes[2] ...
Bacteroidaceae Pribram 1933. *Marinilabiaceae Ludwig et al. 2012. *Porphyromonadaceae Krieg 2012. *Prevotellaceae Krieg 2012 ...
Famili Bacteroidaceae *Genus Bacteroides. *Genus Acetofilamentum. *Genus Acetomicrobium. *Genus Acetothermus. *Genus ...
Bacteroidaceae. Xénero: Bacteroides. Castellani & Chalmers 1919 Especies *B. acidifaciens. *B. distasonis (reclasifidado como ...
Ito ang ikasiyam na bahagi ng bakterya na naglalaman ng isang pamilya, ang Bacteroidaceae, tatlong henera, ang Bacteroides, ...
The family Bacteroidaceae is composed of five genera of environmental bacteria. The genus Capsularis used to exist prior to ...
DescriptionAPI ID#: 3084 English: This micrograph depicts Bacteroides fragilis ss. vulgatus bacteria cultured in blood agar medium for 48 hours. â Gram-negative B. fragilis, though a commensal bacteria that normally lives in the human gastrointestinal tract this organism can become pathogenic under circumstances involving disruption of the normal intestinal mucosa such as trauma, or surgery. (original description of the image provider) Date 1972 Source CDC http://phil.cdc.gov/phil_images/20030203/6/PHIL_3084_lores.jpg other version: This media comes from the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Public Health Image Library (PHIL), with identification number #3084. Note: Not all PHIL images are public domain; be sure to check copyright status and credit authors and content providers. English , SlovenÅ¡Ä ina , +/â Author Content Providers(s): CDC/Dr. V.R. Dowell, Jr. Permission (Reusing this file) PD-USGov-HHS-CDC English: Copyright Restrictions: None - This image is in the public ...
Gene: BACSTE_00638: Cobalt-precorrin-6y C5-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.-) / Cobalt-precorrin-6y C15-methyltransferase [decarboxylating] (EC 2.1.1.-) ...
2016 Family Bacteroidaceae Pribram 1933 [incl. Prevotellaceae Krieg 2012] Family Marinifilaceae Iino et al. 2014 Family ... belongs to Bacteroidaceae, Prevotellaceae, Rikenellaceae, and Porphyromonadaceae families. This phylum is sometimes grouped ...
Post-operative wound infection caused by bacteroidaceae family Abdel Aziz Abbas; New Egypt. J. Med. 1989; 3 (5): 1837-1841 New ... 6%] yielded Bacteroidaceae members, 8 of them [13. 7%] were due to Bacteroides fragilis, 2 [3. 4%] were due to Bacteroides ... Board Subjects: Postoperative Complications ,Bacteroidaceae Citation: Abbas Abdel Aziz , Post-operative wound infection caused ... Antibiotic senstitivity was done to the Bacteroidaceae members isolatd and the results are shown in table [4] and [6] ...
Bacteroidaceae Genus: Bacteroides. Castellani & Chalmers 1919[1] Species *B. acidifaciens. *B. barnesiaes[2] ...
An increase of Bacteroidaceae in almost one-log10 higher counts was observed in feces of rats fed with apple juice colloid than ... in pigs significantly increased the levels of lactobacilli whilst it diminished the levels of total bacteria and Bacteroidaceae ...
Bacteroidaceae. 91%. Bacteroides * 91%. The cut-off value of the bootstrap confidence threshold was set at 50%. Comp_1 and Comp ...
Bacteroidaceae, decrease in CD Increase of Fusobacteriaceae in CD and HP. Metabolize proteins by fermenting aas. ... Bacteroidaceae, decrease in CD Increase of Fusobacteriaceae in CD and HP. Metabolize proteins by fermenting aas. ...
Noun 1. Bacteroides - type genus of Bacteroidaceae; genus of Gram-negative rodlike anaerobic bacteria producing no endospores ... Bacteroidaceae, family Bacteroidaceae - family of bacteria living usually in the alimentary canal or on mucous surfaces of warm ... Bacteroides - type genus of Bacteroidaceae; genus of Gram-negative rodlike anaerobic bacteria producing no endospores and no ...
GFD: ↑ Bacteroidaceae ↓ Lachnospiraceae; LFD: ↓Bifidobacteriaceae ↑ Lachnospiraceae. 2018. Dieterich [32]. List of ...
... the family Bacteroidaceae. The specific distance metric used in each analysis is indicated on the axes. *P,0.05, **P,0.01, ***P ...
OC Bacteria; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; OC Bacteroides. OX NCBI_TaxID=435590; RN [0] RP -.; RG ...
Bacteroidaceae, Xanthomonadaceae, Streptococcaceae, and Lactobacillaceae (Table 4). Of the five, three (Bacillaceae, ...
OC Bacteria; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; OC Bacteroides. OX NCBI_TaxID=226186; RN [0] RP -.; RG ...
A, Bacteroidaceae; B, Porphyromonadaceae; C, Sphingobacteriaceae; D, Flavobacteriaceae; E, Cytophagaceae; F, Burkholderiaceae; ...
nov., in the family Bacteroidaceae.. Key words. Ilyobacter polytropus gen. nov. sp. nov. genus and species description ...
OC Bacteria; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; OC Bacteroides. OX NCBI_TaxID=1121097 {ECO:0000313,EMBL ...
OC Bacteria; Bacteroidetes; Bacteroidia; Bacteroidales; Bacteroidaceae; OC Bacteroides; environmental samples. OX NCBI_TaxID= ...
Bacteroidaceae. *Coriobacteriaceae. These results show us that there is indeed a link between the composition of the microbiome ...
HC, p , 0.001), Bacteroidaceae (HR and HRI vs. HC, p , 0.01), Porphyromonadaceae (HR vs. HC, p , 0.01; HRI vs. HC, p = 0.09), ... Nevertheless, the combination of rutin and inulin further elevated the growth of Bacteroidaceae and Lactobacillus, and ... and Bacteroidaceae (p , 0.05), and suppressed Desulfovibrionaceae (p , 0.001), Ruminococcaceae (p , 0.01), and ...
Bacteroidaceae [G-1] sp. oral taxon 272 (encircled "1") is both cultivable and common, with 210 clones observed. Three strains ...
Bacteroidaceae Pribram 1933. *Marinilabiaceae Ludwig et al. 2012. *Porphyromonadaceae Krieg 2012. *Prevotellaceae Krieg 2012 ...
Bacteroidaceae (e.g. Bacteroides fragilis). *Facultative Anaerobes. *Enterobacteriaceae (e.g. Escherichia coli) ...
Family Bacteroidaceae [I] *Genus Acetivibrio [XII]. *Genus Anaerobiospirillum [VII]. *Genus Anaerovibrio [X] ...
Bacteroidaceae Infections / complications * Bacteroidaceae Infections / immunology* * Chemokine CCL2 / genetics * Chemokine ...
Bacteroidaceae Infections / immunology* * Biomarkers, Tumor / chemistry * Biomarkers, Tumor / immunology* * Case-Control ...
Bacteoridetes , Bacteroidaceae. Ferments glucose to acetate, lactate, propionate; upregulates sodium and glucose; protects ...
  • DescriptionAPI Bacteroides biacutis â one of many en:commensal anaerobic en:Bacteroides spp. (eol.org)
  • n. bacteroides, bacterias anaeróbicas, sin formación de esporas, con bastoncillos de gramnegativos, que constituyen la flora del tracto intestinal y se encuentran en menor cantidad en la cavidad respiratoria y la cavidad urinaria. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Alistipes (Rikenellaceae) and Bacteroides (Bacteroidaceae) genera were over-represented in Nod2 −/− mice microbiota. (bmj.com)
  • A genus that includes many species of obligate anaerobic, non-spore-forming bacteria (family Bacteroidaceae) containing gram-negative rods. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Mice in the colitis progression phase showed the transient expansions of two bacterial families including Bacteroidaceae and Enterobacteriaceae and the depletion of major gut commensal bacteria belonging to the uncultured Bacteroidales family S24-7, Rikenellaceae, Lachnospiraceae, and Ruminococcaceae. (mdpi.com)
  • Most notably, said the researchers, the high starch diet with a high dose of acarbose lead to an expansion of the Bacteroidaceae and Bifidobacteriaceae and a decrease in the Verruocomicorbiacea and the Bacteroidales S24-7 . (medindia.net)
  • The family Bacteroidaceae is composed of five genera of environmental bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nor are the fecal bacteria so bad;generally speaking they're part of the family Bacteroidaceae, and are nothing more than gut bacteria that took the long, strange trip to the outside world. (gizmodo.com)
  • A decrease in bacterial diversity and an increased Enterobacteriaceae/Bacteroidaceae ​ ratio in infancy are also linked to food sensitisation, further pointing to the gut microbiota's role. (nutraingredients.com)
  • SCP increased beneficial Muribaculaceae, Ruminococcaceae, Bacteroidaceae, and Prevotellaceae while decreasing pathogenic Brevundimonas and Streptococcus). (bvsalud.org)
  • Of the three large groups that compose the phylum, the family Bacteroidaceae typically is found in the intestinal tracts and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals, including humans. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • Sequencing of cell-sorted fractions reveals members of the underexplored family Muribaculaceae as major mucin monosaccharide foragers, followed by members of Lachnospiraceae, Rikenellaceae, and Bacteroidaceae families. (nature.com)
  • Analyses of strain-level bacterial diversity within hominid gut microbiomes revealed that clades of Bacteroidaceae and Bifidobacteriaceae have been maintained exclusively within host lineages across hundreds of thousands of host generations. (sciencemag.org)
  • Microbes in two bacterial families - Bacteroidaceae and Bifidobacteriaceae, which are present in humans and African apes - likely colonized the guts of a shared ancestor of both groups around 15 million years ago, the researchers discovered. (livescience.com)
  • 16 rRNA gene sequencing analysis identified Clostridiales , Bacteroidaceae , and Lactobacillaceae species as the most abundant species in the gut. (asm.org)
  • The B. fragilis group is the species of Bacteroidaceae isolated with greatest frequency in clinical specimens. (definitions.net)
  • B. fragilis group is the most commonly isolated Bacteroidaceae in anaerobic infections, especially those that originate from the gastrointestinal flora. (definitions.net)
  • Clindacyl Tablets are indicated for the treatment of infected wounds, abscesses, superficial pyoderma and oral cavity/dental infections caused by or associated with clindamycin-sensitive staphylococci, streptococci, bacteroidaceae, Fusobacterium necrophorum, Clostridium perfringens and osteomyelitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus in dogs. (vetuk.co.uk)
  • Abbas Abdel Aziz , Post-operative wound infection caused by bacteroidaceae family, New Egypt. (who.int)
  • the family Bacteroidaceae. (nih.gov)
  • Gut lactobacilli were less abundant in male infants, but Bacteroidaceae were more abundant in female infants at 3-4 months of age, following maternal asthma during pregnancy. (ersjournals.com)
  • If asthmatic mothers had pre-pregnancy overweight, the abundance of Lactobacillus in males was further reduced in the infant gut, whereas the microbiota of female infants was enriched with Bacteroidaceae . (ersjournals.com)
  • 6%] yielded Bacteroidaceae members, 8 of them [13. (who.int)