A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria primarily found in purulent venereal discharges. It is the causative agent of GONORRHEA.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA. It is a commensal and pathogen only of humans, and can be carried asymptomatically in the NASOPHARYNX. When found in cerebrospinal fluid it is the causative agent of cerebrospinal meningitis (MENINGITIS, MENINGOCOCCAL). It is also found in venereal discharges and blood. There are at least 13 serogroups based on antigenic differences in the capsular polysaccharides; the ones causing most meningitis infections being A, B, C, Y, and W-135. Each serogroup can be further classified by serotype, serosubtype, and immunotype.
Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, coccoid bacteria whose organisms are part of the normal flora of the oropharynx, nasopharynx, and genitourinary tract. Some species are primary pathogens for humans.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A beta-lactamase preferentially cleaving penicillins. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 3.5.2.-.
An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces spectabilis. It is active against gram-negative bacteria and used for the treatment of gonorrhea.
A third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic that is stable to hydrolysis by beta-lactamases.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA commonly found in the NASOPHARYNX of infants and children, but rarely pathogenic. It is the only species to produce acid from LACTOSE.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Proteins isolated from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.
Inflammation involving the URETHRA. Similar to CYSTITIS, clinical symptoms range from vague discomfort to painful urination (DYSURIA), urethral discharge, or both.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Proteins that are structural components of bacterial fimbriae (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) or sex pili (PILI, SEX).
Nonsusceptibility of an organism to the action of penicillins.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with a very long half-life and high penetrability to meninges, eyes and inner ears.
The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
The natural bactericidal property of BLOOD due to normally occurring antibacterial substances such as beta lysin, leukin, etc. This activity needs to be distinguished from the bactericidal activity contained in a patient's serum as a result of antimicrobial therapy, which is measured by a SERUM BACTERICIDAL TEST.
Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.
Porins are protein molecules that were originally found in the outer membrane of GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA and that form multi-meric channels for the passive DIFFUSION of WATER; IONS; or other small molecules. Porins are present in bacterial CELL WALLS, as well as in plant, fungal, mammalian and other vertebrate CELL MEMBRANES and MITOCHONDRIAL MEMBRANES.
Thin, hairlike appendages, 1 to 20 microns in length and often occurring in large numbers, present on the cells of gram-negative bacteria, particularly Enterobacteriaceae and Neisseria. Unlike flagella, they do not possess motility, but being protein (pilin) in nature, they possess antigenic and hemagglutinating properties. They are of medical importance because some fimbriae mediate the attachment of bacteria to cells via adhesins (ADHESINS, BACTERIAL). Bacterial fimbriae refer to common pili, to be distinguished from the preferred use of "pili", which is confined to sex pili (PILI, SEX).
A group of antibiotics that contain 6-aminopenicillanic acid with a side chain attached to the 6-amino group. The penicillin nucleus is the chief structural requirement for biological activity. The side-chain structure determines many of the antibacterial and pharmacological characteristics. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1065)
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.
Bacteriocins elaborated by mutant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. They are protein or protein-lipopolysaccharide complexes lethal to other strains of the same or related species.
Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.
Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.
The heritable modification of the properties of a competent bacterium by naked DNA from another source. The uptake of naked DNA is a naturally occuring phenomenon in some bacteria. It is often used as a GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUE.
Filamentous or elongated proteinaceous structures which extend from the cell surface in gram-negative bacteria that contain certain types of conjugative plasmid. These pili are the organs associated with genetic transfer and have essential roles in conjugation. Normally, only one or a few pili occur on a given donor cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed, p675) This preferred use of "pili" refers to the sexual appendage, to be distinguished from bacterial fimbriae (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL), also known as common pili, which are usually concerned with adhesion.
A family of gram-negative, parasitic bacteria including several important pathogens of man.
Infections with bacteria of the species NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.
A penicillin derivative commonly used in the form of its sodium or potassium salts in the treatment of a variety of infections. It is effective against most gram-positive bacteria and against gram-negative cocci. It has also been used as an experimental convulsant because of its actions on GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID mediated synaptic transmission.
A broad-spectrum antimicrobial carboxyfluoroquinoline.
Bacterial diseases transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.
Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis which are the most common ones causing infections or disease in infants. Serogroup B strains are isolated most frequently in sporadic cases, and are less common in outbreaks and epidemics.
Laboratory techniques that involve the in-vitro synthesis of many copies of DNA or RNA from one original template.
Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
Pathological processes involving the PHARYNX.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
A species of TRICHOMONAS that produces a refractory vaginal discharge in females, as well as bladder and urethral infections in males.
The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
A naphthacene antibiotic that inhibits AMINO ACYL TRNA binding during protein synthesis.
A fulminant infection of the meninges and subarachnoid fluid by the bacterium NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, producing diffuse inflammation and peri-meningeal venous thromboses. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, nuchal rigidity, SEIZURES, severe HEADACHE, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, HYDROCEPHALUS, and COMA. The organism is usually transmitted via nasopharyngeal secretions and is a leading cause of meningitis in children and young adults. Organisms from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W-135 have been reported to cause meningitis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp689-701; Curr Opin Pediatr 1998 Feb;10(1):13-8)
Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
Tests that are dependent on the clumping of cells, microorganisms, or particles when mixed with specific antiserum. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
Lipid-containing polysaccharides which are endotoxins and important group-specific antigens. They are often derived from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria and induce immunoglobulin secretion. The lipopolysaccharide molecule consists of three parts: LIPID A, core polysaccharide, and O-specific chains (O ANTIGENS). When derived from Escherichia coli, lipopolysaccharides serve as polyclonal B-cell mitogens commonly used in laboratory immunology. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Inflammation of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
Infections with bacteria of the family NEISSERIACEAE.
A group of derivatives of naphthyridine carboxylic acid, quinoline carboxylic acid, or NALIDIXIC ACID.
A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.
Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Pathological processes of the male URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, MALE).
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis found mostly in Africa.
Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of TETRACYCLINE which inhibits aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit during protein synthesis.
A subtype of bacterial transferrin-binding protein found in bacteria. It forms a cell surface receptor complex with TRANSFERRIN-BINDING PROTEIN A.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria occurring as rods (subgenus Moraxella) or cocci (subgenus Branhamella). Its organisms are parasitic on the mucous membranes of humans and other warm-blooded animals.
A nucleoside monophosphate sugar which donates N-acetylneuraminic acid to the terminal sugar of a ganglioside or glycoprotein.
Infections in birds and mammals produced by various species of Trichomonas.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis responsible for most sporadic cases in teenagers and almost all outbreaks of disease in this age group. These strains are less common in infants.
A subtype of bacterial transferrin-binding protein found in bacteria. It forms a cell surface receptor complex with TRANSFERRIN-BINDING PROTEIN B.
Pathological processes involving the URETHRA.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis responsible for most outbreaks of meningococcal disease in Western Europe and the United States in the first half of the 20th century. They continue to be a major cause of disease in Asia and Africa, and especially localized epidemics in Sub-Sahara Africa.
Inflammation of the uterine salpinx, the trumpet-shaped FALLOPIAN TUBES, usually caused by ascending infections of organisms from the lower reproductive tract. Salpingitis can lead to tubal scarring, hydrosalpinx, tubal occlusion, INFERTILITY, and ectopic pregnancy (PREGNANCY, ECTOPIC)
A group of QUINOLONES with at least one fluorine atom and a piperazinyl group.
A synthetic fluoroquinolone (FLUOROQUINOLONES) with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against most gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Norfloxacin inhibits bacterial DNA GYRASE.
Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin.
Inflammation of the vagina, marked by a purulent discharge. This disease is caused by the protozoan TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS.
A species of gram-negative bacteria originally isolated from urethral specimens of patients with non-gonoccocal URETHRITIS. In primates it exists in parasitic association with ciliated EPITHELIAL CELLS in the genital and respiratory tracts.
Broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic resistant to beta-lactamase. It has been proposed for infections with gram-negative and gram-positive organisms, GONORRHEA, and HAEMOPHILUS.
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis which, in the United States, causes disease in mostly adults and the elderly. Serogroup Y strains are associated with PNEUMONIA.
Change in the surface ANTIGEN of a microorganism. There are two different types. One is a phenomenon, especially associated with INFLUENZA VIRUSES, where they undergo spontaneous variation both as slow antigenic drift and sudden emergence of new strains (antigenic shift). The second type is when certain PARASITES, especially trypanosomes, PLASMODIUM, and BORRELIA, survive the immune response of the host by changing the surface coat (antigen switching). (From Herbert et al., The Dictionary of Immunology, 4th ed)
Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
Semisynthetic antibiotic prepared by combining penicillin G with PROCAINE.
Acute conjunctival inflammation in the newborn, usually caused by maternal gonococcal infection. The causative agent is NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal.
Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Semi-synthetic derivative of penicillin that functions as an orally active broad-spectrum antibiotic.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
A methylsulfonyl analog of CHLORAMPHENICOL. It is an antibiotic and immunosuppressive agent.
A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. The drug is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It has few side effects and is reported to be safe and effective in aged patients and in patients with hematologic disorders.
A bacterial DNA topoisomerase II that catalyzes ATP-dependent breakage of both strands of DNA, passage of the unbroken strands through the breaks, and rejoining of the broken strands. Gyrase binds to DNA as a heterotetramer consisting of two A and two B subunits. In the presence of ATP, gyrase is able to convert the relaxed circular DNA duplex into a superhelix. In the absence of ATP, supercoiled DNA is relaxed by DNA gyrase.
Bacterial proteins that share the property of binding irreversibly to PENICILLINS and other ANTIBACTERIAL AGENTS derived from LACTAMS. The penicillin-binding proteins are primarily enzymes involved in CELL WALL biosynthesis including MURAMOYLPENTAPEPTIDE CARBOXYPEPTIDASE; PEPTIDE SYNTHASES; TRANSPEPTIDASES; and HEXOSYLTRANSFERASES.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
A clear or white discharge from the VAGINA, consisting mainly of MUCUS.
The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Enzymes found in many bacteria which catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in the beta-lactam ring. Well known antibiotics destroyed by these enzymes are penicillins and cephalosporins.
A bacterial DNA topoisomerase II that catalyzes ATP-dependent breakage of both strands of DNA, passage of the unbroken strands through the breaks, and rejoining of the broken strands. Topoisomerase IV binds to DNA as a heterotetramer consisting 2 parC and 2 parE subunits. Topoisomerase IV is a decatenating enzyme that resolves interlinked daughter chromosomes following DNA replication.
A species of HAEMOPHILUS that appears to be the pathogen or causative agent of the sexually transmitted disease, CHANCROID.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.
A bacteriostatic antibiotic macrolide produced by Streptomyces erythreus. Erythromycin A is considered its major active component. In sensitive organisms, it inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 50S ribosomal subunits. This binding process inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.
A species of HAEMOPHILUS found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals. The species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.
A complex sulfated polymer of galactose units, extracted from Gelidium cartilagineum, Gracilaria confervoides, and related red algae. It is used as a gel in the preparation of solid culture media for microorganisms, as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions, and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis.
Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
A pyrimidine inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase, it is an antibacterial related to PYRIMETHAMINE. It is potentiated by SULFONAMIDES and the TRIMETHOPRIM, SULFAMETHOXAZOLE DRUG COMBINATION is the form most often used. It is sometimes used alone as an antimalarial. TRIMETHOPRIM RESISTANCE has been reported.
... is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.[15] Previous infection does not confer immunity - a person who has ... caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.[1] Infection may involve the genitals, mouth, and/or rectum.[7] Infected men may ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae typically sexually transmitted[1]. Diagnostic method. Testing the urine, urethra in males, or cervix in ... Deguchi T, Nakane K, Yasuda M, Maeda S (September 2010). "Emergence and spread of drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae". J. ...
... is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Previous infection does not confer immunity - a person who has been ... caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Infection may involve the genitals, mouth, or rectum. Infected men may ... Deguchi T, Nakane K, Yasuda M, Maeda S (September 2010). "Emergence and spread of drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae". J. ... Ng, Lai-King; Martin, Irene E (2005). "The laboratory diagnosis of Neisseria gonorrhoeae". The Canadian Journal of Infectious ...
It also affected Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which causes gonorrhoea, although this bacterium is Gram-negative. After some months of ... while he was maintaining agar plates for bacteria, he found that one of the plates was contaminated with bacteria from the air ... In the next test, he used bacteria maintained in saline that formed an yellow suspension. Within two minutes of adding fresh ... Surrounding the mucus area was a clear transparent circle (1 cm from the mucus), indicating the killing zone of bacteria, ...
Other bacteria recycle this molecule back into the cytoplasm, but in Bordetella and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, it is released into ... large numbers of bacteria can be recovered from the pharynx. Thereafter, the bacteria proliferate and spread further into the ... Bacteria initially adhere to ciliated epithelial cells in the nasopharynx, and this interaction with epithelial cells is ... This intermediate (Bvgi) phenotype can be reproduced in wild-type B. bronchiseptica by growth of the bacteria in a medium ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacterium that causes the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea, has developed antibiotic ... When this occurs, the cell wall of the bacterium is compromised and often results in cell death. When N. gonorrhoeae encodes ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae Antibiotic resistance Ligon BL (2005). "Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser: discoverer of the cause of ... Deguchi T, Nakane K, Yasuda M, Maeda S (September 2010). "Emergence and spread of drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae". J. ...
Rarely bacteria such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, or Haemophilus influenzae may be the cause. ... and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Anaerobic bacteria have been implicated in tonsillitis, and a possible role in the acute ... When tonsillitis recurs after antibiotic treatment for streptococcus bacteria, it is usually due to the same bacteria as the ... Thuma 2001, p. ??? Simon 2005, p. ???? Brook I (January 2005). "The role of anaerobic bacteria in tonsillitis". Int J Pediatr ...
An example of a fastidious bacterium is Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which requires blood or hemoglobin and several amino acids and ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the Gonococcus, and Gonorrhea. Archived 2013-01-19 at the Wayback Machine Lectures in Microbiology. 2009 ... So, for example, culture alone may not be enough to help a doctor trying to find out which bacteria is causing pneumonia or ... When there is a need to determine which bacteria or fungi are present (in agriculture, medicine, or biotechnology), scientists ...
No small molecule substrates are known This enzyme is secreted by Gram-negative bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Neisseria ... Three major bacteria, Neisseria gonorrhoeae (which causes gonorrhea), Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae type ... "Inhibition of IgA1 proteinases from Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Hemophilus influenzae by peptide prolyl boronic acids". The ... The action of IgA protease allows the above mentioned bacteria to adhere to mucous membranes. An IgA protease is a highly ...
... including Streptococcus pyogenes and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Tsuji M, Ishii Y, Ohno A, Miyazaki S, Yamaguchi K (November 1995 ... In vitro, cefmatilen is highly active against a variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Acinetobacter baumannii. Addition of N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) to a serine or threonine occurs ... This is important in their protective function as it lubricates the tracts so bacteria cannot bind and infect the body. Changes ... "Broad spectrum O-linked protein glycosylation in the human pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae". Proceedings of the National Academy ... O-glycosylation occurs in all domains of life, including eukaryotes, archaea and a number of pathogenic bacteria including ...
It is used for culturing and primarily isolating pathogenic Neisseria bacteria, including Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria ... When growing Neisseria meningitidis, one usually starts with a normally sterile body fluid (blood or CSF), so a plain chocolate ... "THAYER-MARTIN Agar (Base)". THAYER JD, MARTIN JE (January 1964). "A SELECTIVE MEDIUM FOR THE CULTIVATION OF N. GONORRHOEAE AND ... Thayer JD, Martin JE (June 1966). "Improved medium selective for cultivation of N. gonorrhoeae and N. meningitidis". Public ...
... a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae Margaret Clap or Mother Clap (died c. 1726), ...
Right after delivery Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Delivery of the baby until 5 days after birth (early onset) Chlamydia trachomatis: ... However, other different bacteria and viruses can be the cause, including herpes simplex virus (HSV 2), Staphylococcus aureus, ... most commonly Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis. Antibiotic ointment is typically applied to the newborn's eyes ... Infectious neonatal conjunctivitis is typically contracted during vaginal delivery from exposure to bacteria from the birth ...
It is usually caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (Chlamydia) or Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Gonorrhea) though other bacteria such as ... This may be due to infectious bacteria bypassing pelvic structures on the way to the liver capsule.[citation needed] Fitz-Hugh- ... These bacterial pathogens cause a thinning of cervical mucus and allow bacteria from the vagina into the uterus and fallopian ...
... followed by Neisseria gonorrhoeae and E. coli (or other bacteria that cause urinary tract infection). Particularly among men ... In the majority of cases in which bacteria are the cause, only one side of the scrotum or the other is the locus of pain. Non- ... Since bacteria that cause urinary tract infections are often the cause of epididymitis in children, co-trimoxazole or suited ... The bacteria in the urethra back-track through the urinary and reproductive structures to the epididymis. In rare circumstances ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and bacterial toxins e.g. nigericin and maitotoxin. The downstream point where all the different NLRP3 ... The NLRP3 inflammasome was also found to respond to PAMPs of different pathogens, such as viruses, e.g. influenza A, bacteria, ... "Neisseria gonorrhoeae activates the proteinase cathepsin B to mediate the signaling activities of the NLRP3 and ASC-containing ... Intracellular bacteria trigger activation of the inflammasome, which results in specific expulsion of infected epithelial cells ...
Escherichia coli Haemophilus influenzae Neisseria gonorrhoeae Pseudomonas aeruginosa Mycobacterium tuberculosis Some bacteria ... In contrast, most beta-lactam resistance in gram-positive bacteria is due to variations in penicillin-binding proteins that ... Bacteria that can produce beta-lactamases include, but are not limited to: Staphylococcus MRSA(Methicillin-resistant ... they prevent bacterial degradation of beta-lactam antibiotics and thus extend the range of bacteria the drugs are effective ...
It also has activity against Neisseria gonorrhoeae including strains that are resistant to other quinolone antibiotics. ... Zabofloxacin is an investigational fluoroquinolone antibiotic for multidrug-resistant infections due to Gram-positive bacteria ... Jones RN, Biedenbach DJ, Ambrose PG, Wikler MA (2008). "Zabofloxacin (DW-224a) activity against Neisseria gonorrhoeae including ...
... a strain of bacteria that was named in his honour (Neisseria gonorrhoeae). Neisser was born in the Silesian town of Schweidnitz ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Neisser was also the co-discoverer of the causative agent of leprosy. In 1879 the Norwegian physician ... Neisser successfully stained the bacteria and announced his findings in 1880, claiming to have discovered the pathogenesis of ... although he had observed the bacterium since 1872. In 1882 Neisser was appointed professor extraordinarius by the University at ...
The disease is caused by bacteria that spread from the vagina and cervix. Infections by Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia ... Anaerobes and facultative bacteria were also isolated from 50 percent of the patients from whom Chlamydia and Neisseria were ... Chlamydia trachomatis Neisseria gonorrhoeae Prevotella spp. Streptococcus pyogenes Prevotella bivia Prevotella disiens ... Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are usually the main cause of PID. Data suggest that PID is often polymicrobial ...
... in bacteria is best demonstrated by species of the genus Neisseria (most notably, Neisseria meningitidis ... and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the gonococcus); species of the genus Streptococcus and the Mycoplasma. The Neisseria species vary ... The bacterium carries a plasmid that contains fifteen silent vls cassettes and one functional copy of vlsE. Segments of the ... In the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, the cause of Lyme disease, the surface lipoprotein VlsE can undergo recombination which ...
Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Haemophilus influenzae and Vibrio cholerae. It has also been studied in gram- ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae), a meningitis (Neisseria meningitidis), and respiratory symptoms (Moraxella catarrhalis, Haemophilus ... Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial ... The gram-negative bacteria include the model organism Escherichia coli, as well as many pathogenic bacteria, such as ...
Gram-negative MDR bacteria Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter Escherichia coli Klebsiella pneumoniae Neisseria gonorrhoeae ... Multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR bacteria) are bacteria that are resistant to three or more classes of antimicrobial drugs. ... MDR bacteria have seen an increase in prevalence in recent years and pose serious risks to public health. MDR bacteria can be ... Bacteria are capable of sharing these resistance factors in a process called horizontal gene transfer where resistant bacteria ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Haemophilus influenzae and members of the Acinetobacter genus. Areas of active research include the ... Most competent bacteria are thought to take up all DNA molecules with roughly equal efficiencies, but bacteria in the families ... Some naturally competent bacteria also secrete nucleases into their surroundings, and all bacteria can take up the free ... However, since bacteria tend to grow in clones, the DNA available for transformation would generally have the same genotype as ...
Chlamydia pneumoniae and Neisseria gonorrhoeae have been reported to delay neutrophil apoptosis.[27][28][29] Thus, some ... over bacteria.[16] In 1973 Sanchez et al. found that the neutrophil phagocytic capacity to engulf bacteria is affected when ... 2006). "Neisseria gonorrhoeae delays the onset of apoptosis in polymorphonuclear leukocytes". Cell Microbiol. 8 (11): 1780-90. ... "Neisseria gonorrhoeae-mediated inhibition of apoptotic signalling in polymorphonuclear leukocytes". Infect. Immun. 79 (11): ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Neisseria meningitidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Vibrio cholerae. Human ... Pathogenic bacteria are bacteria that can cause disease. This article focusses on the bacteria that are pathogenic to humans. ... Most pathogenic bacteria can be grown in cultures and identifed by Gram stain and other methods. Bacteria grown in this way are ... Pathogenic bacteria contribute to other globally important diseases, such as pneumonia, which can be caused by bacteria such as ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a sexually transmitted pathogen that causes gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease that can result ... These bacteria have shown antibiotic resistance (or antimicrobial resistance). NDM-1 is an enzyme that makes bacteria resistant ... Both of these bacteria are well known for causing nosocomial (hospital-linked) infections, and often, these strains found in ... However, the bacteria soon developed resistance. Since then, drugs such as isoniazid and rifampin have been used. M. ...
Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Haemophilus influenzae and Vibrio cholerae. It has also been studied in Gram- ... Logarithmically growing bacteria differ from stationary phase bacteria with respect to the number of genome copies present in ... The discovery of artificially induced competence in bacteria allow bacteria such as Escherichia coli to be used as a convenient ... "Low-level pilin expression allows for substantial DNA transformation competence in Neisseria gonorrhoeae". Infection and ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Delivery of the baby until 5 days after birth (early onset) ... Many different bacteria and viruses can cause conjunctivitis in the neonate. The two most common causes are N. gonorrheae and ... or a bacterial infection such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis.[1] ... Ophthalmia neonatorum due to gonococci (N. gonorrhoeae) typically manifests in the first 5 days after birth and is associated ...
... a Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection may be the cause.[9][43] These infections are typically classified ... Rates of asymptomatic bacteria in the urine among men over 75 are between 7-10%.[10] Asymptomatic bacteria in the urine occurs ... The most common cause of infection is Escherichia coli, though other bacteria or fungi may rarely be the cause.[2] Risk factors ... Those who have bacteria in the urine but no symptoms should not generally be treated with antibiotics.[72] This includes those ...
"Low-Level Pilin Expression Allows for Substantial DNA Transformation Competence in Neisseria gonorrhoeae". Infection and ... "Nonchromosomal Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria: Genetic Transformation of Escherichia coli by R-Factor DNA". Proceedings of ... "Transformation of various species of gram-negative bacteria belonging to 11 different genera by electroporation"].,/ref, Uuriti ...
... hyperacute cases are usually caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Neisseria meningitidis. Chronic cases of bacterial ... Common bacteria responsible for nonacute bacterial conjunctivitis are Staphylococcus, Streptococcus,[5] and Haemophilus species ... Bacteria such as Chlamydia trachomatis or Moraxella spp. can cause a nonexudative but persistent conjunctivitis without much ... Bacteria may also reach the conjunctiva from the edges of the eyelids and the surrounding skin, from the nasopharynx, from ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus *Gonorrhea. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. ungrouped:. *Eikenella corrodens/ ... When consumed, most bacteria do not survive the acidic conditions of the human stomach.[28] The few surviving bacteria conserve ... Once the cholera bacteria reach the intestinal wall, they no longer need the flagella to move. The bacteria stop producing the ... Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.[4][3] Symptoms may range from ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus *Gonorrhea. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. ungrouped:. *Eikenella corrodens/ ... Shigellosis is caused by one of several types of Shigella bacteria.[3] Three species are associated with bacillary dysentery: ... Bacillary dysentery is associated with species of bacteria from the family Enterobacteriaceae.[1] The term is usually ... Dysentery is caused when the bacteria escape the epithelial cell phagolysosome, multiply within the cytoplasm, and destroy host ...
Resistance amongst Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Neisseria gonorrhoeae, anaerobes, members of the Enterobacteriaceae ... Bacteria usually acquire resistance to tetracycline from horizontal transfer of a gene that either encodes an efflux pump or a ... The mechanism of action for the antibacterial effect of tetracyclines relies on disrupting protein translation in bacteria, ... This is because bacteria actively pump tetracycline into their cytoplasm, even against a concentration gradient, whereas ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus *Gonorrhea. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. ungrouped:. *Eikenella corrodens/ ... Bacteria are responsible for more than half of cases.[3] The bacteria enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are typically the ... Antibiotics can also cause vaginal yeast infections, or overgrowth of the bacterium Clostridium difficile, leading to ... Mechanisms of action vary: some bacteria release toxins which bind to the intestinal wall and cause diarrhea; others damage the ...
Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae). *সিফিলিস (Treponema pallidum). *Ureaplasma infection (Ureaplasma urealyticum). প্রোটোজোয়া ... "Role of Bacteria in Oncogenesis"। Clinical Microbiology Reviews। 23 (4): 837-857। doi:10.1128/CMR.00012-10। PMID 20930075 ...
Infections with N. meningitidis and N. gonorrhoeae are the only conditions known to be associated with deficiencies in the MAC ... In 1888, George Nuttall found that sheep blood serum had mild killing activity against the bacterium that causes anthrax. The ... Deficiencies of the terminal pathway predispose to both autoimmune disease and infections (particularly Neisseria meningitidis ... Nevertheless, the heat-inactivated serum, when injected into guinea pigs exposed to the cholera bacteria, maintained its ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Streptococcus pneumoniae.[44]. Eukaryotic pathogens are often capable of sexual interaction by a ... BacteriaEdit. Main article: Pathogenic bacteria. The vast majority of bacteria, which can range between 0.15 and 700 μM in ... BacteriaEdit. Although bacteria can be pathogens themselves, they can also be infected by pathogens. Bacteriophages are viruses ... Humans can be infected with many types of pathogens including prions, viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Viruses and bacteria that ...
Bacteria[editar , editar a fonte]. *Chancroide (Haemophilus ducreyi). *Clamidia (Chlamydia trachomatis). *Gonorrea (Neisseria ... gonorrhoeae). *Granuloma inguinal (Klebsiella granulomatis). *Mycoplasma genitalium[42][43][44]. *Mycoplasma hominis[33][34][35 ... A gonorrea está provocada por unha bacteria que vive na maioría das membranas da uretra, vaxina, recto, boca, gorxa e ollos. A ... A clamidia é unha doenza de transmisión sexual causada pola bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Nas mulleres os síntomas poden ir ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus *Gonorrhea. ungrouped:. *Eikenella corrodens/Kingella kingae *HACEK. *Chromobacterium ...
Type IV pilin is a protein found on the surface of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and other Gram-negative ... Another family of signal aspartic endopeptidases was found in bacteria. Bacteria produce a number of protein precursors that ... SPPs do not require cofactors as demonstrated by expression in bacteria and purification of a proteolytically active form. The ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, bahagi ng Bilugang Negatibong Bakterya. Bilugang Negatibong Bakterya[baguhin , baguhin ang batayan]. ... "Bacteria [plural], bacterium [singular], Some Medical Terms, Diseases". The New Book of Knowledge (Ang Bagong Aklat ng Kaalaman ... Ang bakterya[2] (Ingles: bacteria (IPA: /bækˈtɪəriə/) [maramihan] o bacterium [isahan][3]) ay isa sa mga pangunahing grupo ng ... Bacteria Make Major Evolutionary Shift in the Lab. *Cell-Cell Communication in Bacteria on-line lecture by Bonnie Bassler, and ...
... describes infections caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis (also termed meningococcus). It has a ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus *Gonorrhea. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. ungrouped:. *Eikenella corrodens/ ... The N. meningitidis bacterium is surrounded by a slimy outer coat that contains disease-causing endotoxin. While many bacteria ... The systemic antibiotic flowing through the bloodstream rapidly kills the bacteria but, as the bacteria are killed, even more ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus *Gonorrhea. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. ungrouped:. *Eikenella corrodens/ ... Bacterium-related cutaneous conditions. *Infection-related cutaneous condition stubs. Hidden categories: *All stub articles ...
Si existeix infecció associada per Neisseria gonorrhoeae (un fet freqüent, que pot arribar al 50% en grups de risc), cal afegir ... Molecular genetic methods for diagnosis and characterisation of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae: impact on ... Bacteria. Fílum. Chlamydiae. Ordre. Chlamydiales. Família. Chlamydiaceae. Gènere. Chlamydia. Espècie. Chlamydia trachomatis. ...
... hindi na nirerekomiyenda dahil sa mataas na rate ng hindi pagtalab ng antibiotiko sa bacterium na Neisseria gonorrhoeae .[17] ... "Ceftriaxone-Resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Japan" (PDF). Emerging Infectious Diseases. Centers for Disease Control and ... "Cephalosporin susceptibility among Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates--United States, 2000-2010" (PDF). MMWR. Morbidity and ...
Bacteria. Eukaryota. (Supergroup. Plant. Hacrobia. Heterokont. Alveolata. Rhizaria. Excavata. Amoebozoa. Opisthokonta Animal. ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus *Gonorrhea. ungrouped:. *Eikenella corrodens/Kingella kingae *HACEK. *Chromobacterium ... Other disease-causing bacteria in this family include Enterobacter and Citrobacter. Members of the Enterobacteriaceae can be ... Enterobacteriaceae is a large family of Gram-negative bacteria. It was first proposed by Rahn in 1936, and now includes over 30 ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae[editar , editar a fonte]. Neisseria gonorrhoeae é a bacteria transmitida por vía sexual que produce a ... Deguchi T, Nakane K, Yasuda M, Maeda S (setembro de 2010). "Emergence and spread of drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae". J. ... Non hai probas de se esta bacteria ten plásmidos de resistencia,[161] pero non ten a oportunidade de interaccionar con outras ... As mutacións son raras pero o feito de que a bacteria se reproduza a unha taxa tan alta permite que o efecto sexa significativo ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus *Gonorrhea. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. ungrouped:. *Eikenella corrodens/ ... The bacteria remain harmless to the flea, allowing the new host to spread the bacteria. Rats were an amplifying factor to ... Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by the plague bacterium (Yersinia pestis).[1] One to seven days after ... Finding the bacterium in the blood, sputum, or lymph nodes[1]. Treatment. Antibiotics such as streptomycin, gentamicin, or ...
... such as members of the genus Neisseria: N. gonorrhoeae and N. meninngitides being primary examples, which cause gonorrhea and ... Bacteria. Eukaryota. (Supergroup. Plant. Hacrobia. Heterokont. Alveolata. Rhizaria. Excavata. Amoebozoa. Opisthokonta Animal. ... Betaproteobacteria are a class of gram-negative bacteria, and one of the eight classes of the phylum Proteobacteria.[1] ... The Betaproteobacteria are a class comprising over 75 genera and 400 species of bacteria.[2] Together, the Betaproteobacteria ...
Tuntud infektsiooni tekitav gonokokk on Neisseria gonorrhoeae, mis põhjustab suguhaigust gonorröad. Gonokokid ründavad kuse- ja ... 7,0 7,1 Sylvie Y. Doerflinger, Andrea L. Throop, Melissa M. Herbst-Kralovetz (2014). "Bacteria in the Vaginal Microbiome Alter ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Scientific classification Domain:. Bacteria Phylum:. Proteobacteria Class:. Betaproteobacteria Order:. ... Bacteria of Medical Importance in Todar's Online Textbook of Bacteriology.. *. Madigan, Michael; Martinko, John (editors) (2005 ... While many organisms in the family are mammalian commensals or part of the normal flora, the genus Neisseria includes two ... important human pathogens, specifically those responsible for gonorrhea (caused by N. gonorrhoeae) and many cases of meningitis ...
Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae). *Mycoplasma hominis infection (Mycoplasma hominis). *Syphilis (Treponema pallidum). * ... Infection with this bacterium is one cause of bacterial vaginosis and pelvic inflammatory disease.[2][3][4] It is a significant ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Granuloma inguinale (Donovanosis) Klebsiella granulomatis Group A streptococcal infection Streptococcus ... numerous species of bacteria (Actinomycetoma) and fungi (Eumycetoma) Myiasis parasitic dipterous fly larvae ...
M- Neisseria gonorrhoeae/gonococcus (Gonorrhea). ungrouped: Eikenella corrodens/Kingella kingae (HACEK) · Chromobacterium ... M+ Neisseria meningitidis/meningococcus (Meningococcal disease,Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome, Meningococcal septicaemia). ...
Home > Specialties > IVD Test Reagent/Kits, Serology, Bacteria, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Antigen. CLICK FOR ADVANCED SEARCH ... IVD Test Reagent/Kits, Serology, Bacteria, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Antigen. Definition : Serology reagents used in tests ... These bacteria cause gonorrhea, a disease that is usually transmitted sexually.. Entry Terms : "Reagents, Serology, Bacteria, ... intended to detect antigens that permit the identification of strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (i.e., gonococci), a spherical ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, DNA. Definition : Molecular assay reagents intended to identify Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a gram-negative ... Home > Specialties > IVD Test Reagent/Kits, Molecular Assay, Infection, Bacteria, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, DNA ... of the target bacteria. These bacteria are the etiologic agents of gonorrhea, a disease that is usually transmitted sexually. ... IVD Test Reagent/Kits, Molecular Assay, Infection, Bacteria, ... bacterium of the family Neisseriaceae, by detecting specific ...
Bacteria. Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea). Gonorrhea, another very common STD, may also have this risk. A majority of US ... There are three different sub-types of the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis that cause lymphogranuloma venereum.[4] ... STDs comprise a large and diverse set of disease entities which include viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and arthropods. Many of ... Latent stage (several weeks to years later): Usually no symptoms, but bacteria are attacking organs ...
Bacteria. Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea). Gonorrhea, another very common STD, may also have this risk. A majority of US ... STDs comprise a large and diverse set of disease entities which include [[virus]]es, bacteria, protozoa, and arthropods. Many ... There are three different sub-types of the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis that cause lymphogranuloma venereum.[4] ... STDs comprise a large and diverse set of disease entities which include viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and arthropods. Many of ...
... the bacterium responsible for the sexually transmitted infection Gonorrhea. Rights Managed Image Licensing Calculator ...
Drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N. gonorrhoeae). Type: Bacteria. Also known as: Drug-resistant gonorrhea ... Type: Bacteria. Also known as: TB, multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB), or extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR TB), Mycobacterium ... Type: Bacteria. About: P. aeruginosa infections usually occur in people with weakened immune systems, and can be particularly ... Type: Bacteria. About: Shigella spreads in feces through direct contact or through contaminated surfaces, food, or water. Most ...
... and the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis. A vaccination program against Neisseria meningitidis, which causes type c meningitis, ... Microorganism: the bacterium that causes gonorrhea is Neisseria gonorrheae.. Disease: gonorrhea (drawing of a little man having ... Microorganism: the bacterium that causes gonorrhea is Neisseria gonorrheae. Disease: gonorrhea (drawing of a little man having ... Vaccine: the cholera vaccine is made from parts of the bacterium or from killed bacteria. A booster is required after six ...
... nightmare bacteria doesnt bode well for anyone with it. CRE broke out at L.A. hospital, contributing to 2 deaths. What is it? ... It is a family of bacteria usually found in hospitals and other health care facilities that has evolved a huge resistance to ... Caregivers also remove some bacteria by draining off the abscess.. Some CRE strains have been reported that are resistant to ... Not really; they are bacteria that just evolved.. The superbug family includes Klebsiella and E. coli, which people have ...
Expensive images and pictures of Digital illustration of Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria inside neutrophil blood cell. are ... Download Digital illustration of Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria inside neutrophil blood cell. #212354222 high-end stock photo. ... Digital illustration of Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria inside neutrophil blood cell. - Stock photos. ID: 212354222. By: ... Digital illustration of Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria inside neutrophil blood cell. is an authentic stock image by ScienceRF ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae FA 1090 (strain: FA 1090, old-name: Neisseria gonorrhoeae FA1090) Lineage. Bacteria; Proteobacteria; ... panB [Neisseria gonorrhoeae FA 1090] panB [Neisseria gonorrhoeae FA 1090]. Gene ID:3282104 ... panB 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase [ Neisseria gonorrhoeae FA 1090 ] Gene ID: 3282104, updated on 30-Jan- ... YP_207590.1 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase [Neisseria gonorrhoeae FA 1090]. See identical proteins and their ...
Bacteria have not disappeared as infectious agents, however, since they continue to evolve, creating increasingly ... Bacteria in medicine: Bacterial diseases have played a dominant role in human history. Widespread epidemics of cholera and ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae. gonorrhea; gonococcal conjunctivitis. Pasteurella species. pasteurellosis. Pseudomonas aeruginosa. ... Some pathogens act at specific parts of the body, such as meningococcal bacteria (Neisseria meningitidis), which invade and ...
We investigated the possible spread of a ceftriaxone-resistant FC428 N. gonorrhoeae clone in Japan after recent isolation of ... Results showed multilocus sequence type 1903; N. gonorrhoeae sequence typing for antimicrobial resistance (NG-STAR) 233; and ... Our results provide further evidence of international transmission of ceftriaxone-resistant N. gonorrhoeae. We recommend ... Ceftriaxone remains a first-line treatment for patients infected by Neisseria gonorrhoeae in most settings. ...
Bacteria. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Treponema pallidum. Transmission via dental unit water and aerosols ... The presence of other bacteria in a biofilm does positively influence the survival of L. pneumophila [65]. But also the ... When Legionella is present in DUWLs, it is to be expected that DHCP will develop antibodies against this bacterium in time. ... It can be argued that transmission of viruses occurs with more ease and therefore more often compared to bacteria because of ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae. *Yersinia enterocolitica. Gram-positive Bacteria. *Staphylococcus epidermidis. Anaerobic Bacteria. * ... Central Nervous System Infections, including meningitis, caused by Haemophilus influenzae and Neisseria meningitidis. ... Ceftazidime has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following bacteria, both in vitro and in clinical ... Anaerobic Bacteria. *Bacteroides species (Note: many isolates of Bacteroides species are resistant) ...
... gram-negative bacteria), peptidoglycan (gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria), and lipoteichoic acid (gram-positive ... 36, 37, 38, 39] Neisseria meningitidis is a common cause of such infections (see the image below). ... Overgrowth of bacteria in the upper GI tract may be aspirated into the lungs and produce nosocomial pneumonia. The guts normal ... Subsequently, gram-negative bacteria became the key pathogens causing sepsis and septic shock. Currently, however, the rates of ...
... no pus cells or bacteria seen on microscopic analysis of the ur... ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae * Anaerobic bacteria * Gram-positive bacteria The following organisms have also been implicated:. * A ... Among the fastidious bacteria (ie, bacteria that cannot be isolated on standard culture media) that have been implicated in ... However, these bacteria cannot be cultured in patients with chronic abacterial prostatitis. Certain strains of these bacteria ...
This article includes facts about cocci bacteria, including information on Gram stain reactions, common strains and the ... Neisseria meningitidis: Very similar to N. gonorrhoeae, these bacteria are often found in humans who are acting as carriers. It ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae: These Gram-negative bacteria cause the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea. This organism is ... The label cocci bacteria simply describes the shape of the bacteria, therefore it cannot be labeled as "good" or "bad" bacteria ...
Neisseria meningitidis. *Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gram-positive Bacteria. *Staphylococcus aureus. *Streptococcus pneumoniae. * ... Gonorrhea: Uncomplicated and disseminated gonococcal infections due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae (penicillinase- and non- ... Cefuroxime has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following bacteria, both in vitro and in clinical ... Gram-positive Bacteria. *Staphylococcus epidermidis. Susceptibility Testing. For specific information regarding susceptibility ...
Drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N. gonorrhoeae). Bacteria. Causes sexually transmitted infection that can result in life- ... and the bacteria can transfer their antibiotic resistance to other related bacteria, potentially making the other bacteria ... Bacteria. Often called "nightmare bacteria" because they have developed the ability to defeat nearly all antibiotics designed ... Bacteria are constantly evolving to fend off the drugs used to kill them. As they mutate, some develop the ability to fight off ...
Gram-negative bacteria:. Bordetella pertussis. Haemophilus influenzae. Legionella pneumophila. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Other ... Acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae: As an alternative drug in treatment of acute pelvic ... To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of E.E.S. and other antibacterial drugs, E. ... At least 90 percent of the following bacteria exhibit in vitro minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) less than or equal to the ...
Bacterium neisseria gonorrhoeae. Survives only in mucous membranes, such as the cervix, mouth, urethra, rectum, throat, and ... Bacterium hemophilus decreyi. Different from a syphilis chancre as it has soft edges. Incidence: relatively rare in the U.S., ... Diagnosis: examine for bacteria in a sample of the discharge; can also run DNA testing of urine. Treatment: antibiotics (oral, ... Bacterium treponema Pallidum. Live in the mucous membranes. Typically first infects the cervix, anus, penis, lips, or nipples. ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Pa: Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Pf: Plasmodium falciparum; Pm: Proteus mirabilis; Pv: Proteus vulgaris; Sa: ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea). *Chlamydia pneumoniae (chlamydia). What are the types of acute upper respiratory infection? ... Bacteria. *group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. *group C beta-hemolytic streptococci. *Corynebacterium diphtheriae (diphtheria) ...
Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.[15] Previous infection does not confer immunity - a person who has ... caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.[1] Infection may involve the genitals, mouth, and/or rectum.[7] Infected men may ... Neisseria gonorrhoeae typically sexually transmitted[1]. Diagnostic method. Testing the urine, urethra in males, or cervix in ... Deguchi T, Nakane K, Yasuda M, Maeda S (September 2010). "Emergence and spread of drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae". J. ...
... and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. All vaginal microbiota and N. gonorrhoeae efficiently colonized the 3-D surface, localizing to ... and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. All vaginal microbiota and N. gonorrhoeae efficiently colonized the 3-D surface, localizing to ... and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. All vaginal microbiota and N. gonorrhoeae efficiently colonized the 3-D surface, localizing to ... and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. All vaginal microbiota and N. gonorrhoeae efficiently colonized the 3-D surface, localizing to ...
Gram-negative Bacteria Haemophilus influenzae Moraxella catarrhalis Neisseria gonorrhoeae Legionella pneumophila Other Bacteria ... due to Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, or Mycoplasma hominis in patients who require initial intravenous therapy ... 5.8 Development of Drug-Resistant Bacteria 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience 6.2 Postmarketing Experience 6.3 ... At least 90 percent of the following bacteria exhibit an in vitro minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) less than or equal to ...
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Shigella species. Vibrio cholerae Yersinia pestis Gram-Positive Bacteria Bacillus anthracis Streptococcus ... Uncomplicated gonorrhea caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.. Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum.. Yaws caused by Treponema ... Other Bacteria Nocardiae and other Actinomyces species. Borrelia recurrentis Chlamydophila psittaci Chlamydia trachomatis ... Gram-Negative Bacteria Acinetobacter species. Bartonella bacilliformis Brucella species. Calymmatobacterium granulomatis ...
Bacteria. *Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS). *Neisseria gonorrhoeae. *Haemophilus influenzae type b ... If bacteria are not the cause of the infection, then the treatment is focused on the comfort of your child. Antibiotics will ... as this requires antibiotic treatment to help prevent the complications associated with these bacteria. As a result, most ...
Gram-positive bacteria:. Gram-negative bacteria:. * Staphylococcus aureus (Penicillin-sensitive). Neisseria gonorrhoeae. ...
  • These bacteria cause gonorrhea, a disease that is usually transmitted sexually. (medicalproductguide.com)
  • These bacteria are the etiologic agents of gonorrhea, a disease that is usually transmitted sexually. (optometricmanagement.com)
  • These Gram-negative bacteria cause the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea. (brighthub.com)
  • drug-resistant gonorrhea, and carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE), also known as "nightmare bacteria" because they pose a triple threat. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Gonorrhea , colloquially known as the clap , is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcus) is the causative agent of the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea. (asm.org)
  • Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As with other germs, you can get the bacteria that cause gonorrhea just from touching an infected area on another person. (webmd.com)
  • What bacteria causes gonorrhea? (studystack.com)
  • A colony of gonorrhea bacteria will grow if gonorrhea is present. (healthline.com)
  • Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae . (thebody.com)
  • In untreated gonorrhea infections, the bacteria can spread up into the reproductive tract, or more rarely, can spread into the blood stream and infect the joints, heart valves, or the brain. (thebody.com)
  • Gonorrhea is an infection caused by a sexually transmitted bacterium that can infect both males and females. (drugs.com)
  • The gonorrhea bacteria are most often passed from one person to another during sexual contact, including oral, anal or vaginal intercourse. (drugs.com)
  • The bacterium that causes gonorrhea can spread through the bloodstream and infect other parts of your body, including your joints. (drugs.com)
  • N. gonorrhoeae'' is the causative agent of [[gonorrhea]] (also called "The Clap") and is transmitted via sexual contact. (wikidoc.org)
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria, which cause gonorrhea. (statnews.com)
  • Everyone involved in the fight against gonorrhea knows that it's only a matter of time before the bacteria evolve to withstand the current therapy. (statnews.com)
  • Colorized scanning electron micrograph of Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria, which causes gonorrhea. (scientificamerican.com)
  • 2003). ''Neisseria gonorrhoeae'' is the agent of the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea that is second in cases reported only to chlamydia (CDC). (kenyon.edu)
  • Courtesy of [http://www.afraidtoask.com/STD/gonorrhea.html# Afraidtoask.com]]] ''Neisseria'' bacteria are responsible for the diseases meningitis and gonorrhoeae. (kenyon.edu)
  • The Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium causes gonorrhea. (howstuffworks.com)
  • A case of gonorrhea occurs when N. gonorrhoeae bacteria are spread to and grow and multiply in warm, wet conditions, such as a woman's reproductive tract and urethra or a man's urethra, as well as the anus, mouth, throat, and eyes. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The best way to prevent gonorrhea is to abstain from sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal, or oral), but the bacterium can also be transmitted when infected discharges or secretions get on hands and then the hands come into contact with mucous membranes. (howstuffworks.com)
  • After the emergence and worldwide spread of penicillin- and tetracycline-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains, fluoroquinolones were recommended as the primary therapy for uncomplicated gonorrhea in many countries ( 24 ). (asm.org)
  • Gonorrhea is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This strain of gonorrhea bacteria, called A8806, was discovered in late 2013 in a European woman who was traveling in Australia. (livescience.com)
  • The A8806 strain shares some genetic similarities with another drug-resistant strain of gonorrhea bacteria, called H041, which was discovered in 2009 in a sex worker in Japan, the report said. (livescience.com)
  • But the new report suggests that the bacteria that cause gonorrhea are becoming resistant to ceftriaxone, Whiley said. (livescience.com)
  • Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae and is spread through sexual activity. (livescience.com)
  • Gonorrhea is an STD caused by a bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae . (listverse.com)
  • Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae that infects the genitals, rectum, and throat. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It occurs in people who have gonorrhea , which is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae . (medlineplus.gov)
  • This bacteria can cause the sexually transmitted genital infection commonly known as gonorrhea. (yahoo.com)
  • N. gonorrhoeae , a gram-negative bacterium responsible for gonorrhea, infects humans exclusively and can form aggregates during infection. (mdpi.com)
  • Meningitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae , Haemophilus influenzae (including ampicillin-resistant strains), Neisseria meningitidis , and Staphylococcus aureus (penicillinase- and non-penicillinase-producing strains). (rxlist.com)
  • We examined the role of properdin in AP activation on diverse strains of Neisseria meningitidis and N. gonorrhoeae specifically using native versus unfractionated properdin. (jimmunol.org)
  • In conclusion, the physiological forms of properdin do not bind directly to either N. meningitidis or N. gonorrhoeae but play a crucial role in augmenting AP-dependent C3 deposition on the bacteria through the "conventional" mechanism of stabilizing AP C3 convertases. (jimmunol.org)
  • These data have important implications because properdin deficiency in humans is associated with an increased incidence of invasive infections with Neisseria meningitidis ( 8 - 20 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • The finding that properdin binds to N. gonorrhoeae and activates complement has been extrapolated to N. meningitidis ( 21 , 22 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • Genome Structure== A study was done comparing genes between ''Neisseria gonorrhoeae'' and ''Neisseria meningitidis'' to see the basis of their different pathogenicities. (kenyon.edu)
  • Neisseria meningitidis displays what we have called an "epidemic" structure. (pnas.org)
  • Some regions in the transpeptidase-encoding domain in this penA gene were similar to those in the penA genes of Neisseria perflava ( N. sicca ), Neisseria cinerea , Neisseria flavescens , and Neisseria meningitidis . (asm.org)
  • These results showed that a mosaic-like structure in the penA gene conferred reductions in the levels of susceptibility of N. gonorrhoeae to cephems and penicillin in a manner similar to that found for N. meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae . (asm.org)
  • The bacterium my research focuses on- Neisseria meningitidis - can act like Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde. (ki.se)
  • Amoxicillin is active against gram positive bacteria like Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus species, Streptococcus species, Streptococcus pneumonia and gram negative bacteria like Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenza, Proteus mirabilis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae. (yahoo.com)
  • Other bacteria that were not included, such as streptococcus A and B and chlamydia, have low levels of resistance to existing treatments and do not currently pose a significant public health threat. (disabled-world.com)
  • For example, agent-gram positvie bacteria, specific name- Streptococcus pyogenes , major disease- strep throat. (austincc.edu)
  • skin infection due to Streptococcus bacteria . (yahoo.com)
  • Serology reagents used in tests intended to detect antigens that permit the identification of strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (i.e., gonococci), a spherical species of bacterium of the family Neisseriaceae. (medicalproductguide.com)
  • Molecular assay reagents intended to identify Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a gram-negative bacterium of the family Neisseriaceae, by detecting specific genetic information of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of the target bacteria. (optometricmanagement.com)
  • due to Chlamydia trachomatis , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , or Mycoplasma hominis in patients who require initial intravenous therapy. (nih.gov)
  • What bacterium causes chlamydia? (studystack.com)
  • The sexually transmitted organisms, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis , are present in many cases, and microorganisms comprising the endogenous vaginal and cervical flora are frequently associated with PID. (hindawi.com)
  • Recently, subclinical PID has been recognized as an important entity which is common among women with lower genital tract infections, especially Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae , and bacterial vaginosis (BV) [ 14 , 15 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • To simulate ascending infection, we infected EEC aggregates with commensal and pathogenic bacteria: Lactobacillus crispatus, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. (elsevier.com)
  • However, only infection with pathogenic N. gonorrhoeae and not infection with the other bacteria tested significantly induced proinflammatory mediators and significant ultrastructural changes to the host cells. (elsevier.com)
  • If bacteria are not the cause of the infection, then the treatment is focused on the comfort of your child. (childrensnational.org)
  • There are many mechanisms by which pathogenic bacteria can be transmitted from person to person, including airborne infection, direct contact, contact with animals, transmission by insect vectors, or indirect transmission in drinking water, milk, or food or on inanimate objects. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • N. gonorrhoeae is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhoea. (sciencephoto.com)
  • 8] More specifically, during infection, N. gonorrhoeae is like to encounter hydrogen peroxide, which inhibits growth. (kenyon.edu)
  • The infection, which is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae , has developed a highly drug-resistant strain in recent years with new cases reported in the north of England and Japan. (york.ac.uk)
  • So not only could the bacterium causing your infection outsmart the antibiotic you re taking, but also you could transmit it to someone who isn t even taking an antibiotic. (care2.com)
  • Innate immune recognition of bacteria is the first requirement for mounting an effective immune response able to control infection. (frontiersin.org)
  • These bacteria typically spread from the vagina to the cervix (the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina), where they cause infection (cervicitis). (merckmanuals.com)
  • In the past PID was believed to be a monoetiologic infection, primarily caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae . (hindawi.com)
  • Other bacteria that can infect humans include staphylococcal bacteria (primarily Staphylococcus aureus ), which can infect the skin to cause boils (furuncles), the bloodstream to cause septicemia (blood poisoning), the heart valves to cause endocarditis , or the bones to cause osteomyelitis . (britannica.com)
  • Pathogenic bacteria that invade an animal's bloodstream can use any of a number of mechanisms to evade the host's immune system , including the formation of long lipopolysaccharide chains to provide resistance to a group of serum immune proteins, called complement , that normally retard the bacterium. (britannica.com)
  • Many pathogenic bacteria produce toxins that assist them in invading the host. (britannica.com)
  • Colonization of the endometrium by pathogenic bacteria ascending from the lower female reproductive tract (FRT) is associated with many gynecologic and obstetric health complications. (elsevier.com)
  • Type-4 fimbriae are filamentous polar organelles which are found in a wide variety of pathogenic bacteria. (nih.gov)
  • Despite the sequence similarities between transcription activators of E. coli and N. gonorrhoeae , these results emphasise the fundamental differences in transcription regulation between these two types of pathogenic bacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is a family of bacteria usually found in hospitals and other health care facilities that has evolved a huge resistance to antibiotics . (cnn.com)
  • Bacteria have not disappeared as infectious agents, however, since they continue to evolve, creating increasingly virulent strains and acquiring resistance to many antibiotics. (britannica.com)
  • Bacteria, fungi and other germs that have developed a resistance to antibiotics and other drugs pose one of the gravest public health challenges and a baffling problem for modern medicine. (washingtonpost.com)
  • It can cause deadly diarrhea when antibiotics kill beneficial bacteria in the digestive system that normally keep it under control. (washingtonpost.com)
  • They are resistant to all or nearly all antibiotics, they kill up to half of patients who get bloodstream infections from them, and the bacteria can transfer their antibiotic resistance to other related bacteria, potentially making the other bacteria untreatable. (washingtonpost.com)
  • a deadly superbug yeast called Candida auris that has alarmed health officials around the world and a family of bacteria, carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter , that has developed resistance to nearly all antibiotics. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Your doctor will give you antibiotics to kill the bacteria. (webmd.com)
  • Testing may require trying to grow the bacteria from a sample to see if any antibiotics work against it. (statnews.com)
  • The list highlights in particular the threat of gram-negative bacteria that are resistant to multiple antibiotics. (disabled-world.com)
  • These bacteria have become resistant to a large number of antibiotics, including carbapenems and third generation cephalosporins - the best available antibiotics for treating multi-drug resistant bacteria. (disabled-world.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday that the wily Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria may be developing resistance to the only two antibiotics left that can cure the sexually transmitted disease. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The bacteria are still invulnerable to antibiotics that haven't been used to treat it for decades. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Unfortunately, bacteria is getting resistant to more and more antibiotics and treatment is getting more difficult. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • PBPs 1 and 2 of N. gonorrhoeae are the major targets of β-lactam antibiotics. (asm.org)
  • But precisely because antibiotics are the go-to drug for doctors and patients alike, the medications are in danger of losing their ability to kill bacteria. (care2.com)
  • For decades, pharmaceutical companies routinely developed new antibiotics that enabled us to stay one step ahead of antibiotic resistant bacteria. (care2.com)
  • Because the more you or a family member or friend use antibiotics, the greater the likelihood bacteria will become resistant to one or more of the drugs. (care2.com)
  • An analysis of the bacteria infecting the woman showed that it was resistant to three antibiotics - penicillin, ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone. (livescience.com)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) say that in general, antibiotics successfully cure all three sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), which are caused by bacteria. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Widespread resistance to antibiotics means older and cheaper drugs no longer kill the bacterium. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Do antibiotics only kill bacteria in our body? (yahoo.com)
  • Antibiotics kill not only the bad bacteria making you sick, but also your resident friendly bacteria. (yahoo.com)
  • This study demonstrates that the aggregation of N. gonorrhoeae can reduce the susceptibility to antibiotics, and suggests that antibiotic utilization can select for GC surface molecules that promote aggregation which in turn drive pathogen evolution. (mdpi.com)
  • Antibiotics are still effective against this bacterium, but this may not necessarily be the case in the future. (ki.se)
  • We investigated the possible spread of a ceftriaxone-resistant FC428 N. gonorrhoeae clone in Japan after recent isolation of similar strains in Denmark (GK124) and Canada (47707). (cdc.gov)
  • During 2009-2015, several ceftriaxone-resistant (MIC genetic analysis showed close genetic relatedness among 0.5-4 mg/L) N. gonorrhoeae strains were reported: in 2009, all 5 isolates. (cdc.gov)
  • Uncomplicated and disseminated gonococcal infections due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae (penicillinase- and non-penicillinase-producing strains) in both males and females. (rxlist.com)
  • This PAI encodes for virulence factors unique to H. pylori strains with enhanced virulence, which suggests that the acquisition of this region is an important event in the evolution of H. pylori and marks the differentiation of a more virulent type of bacterium within this genus. (pnas.org)
  • A list of type and reference strains of bacteria. (atcc.org)
  • However, reconstituting properdin-depleted serum with native properdin a priori enhanced C3 deposition on all strains of Neisseria tested. (jimmunol.org)
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains with reduced susceptibility to cefixime (MICs, 0.25 to 0.5 μg/ml) were isolated from male urethritis patients in Tokyo, Japan, in 2000 and 2001. (asm.org)
  • The sequences of penA in the strains with reduced susceptibilities to cefixime were different from those of other susceptible isolates and did not correspond to the reported N. gonorrhoeae penA gene sequences. (asm.org)
  • Intense selective pressure resulting from the continual exposure of N. gonorrhoeae to fluoroquinolones resulted in the emergence of resistant strains with altered GyrA and ParC proteins ( 3 , 6 , 21 , 22 , 23 ). (asm.org)
  • Amoxicillin is effective against many different bacteria including H . influenzae, N. gonorrhoea, E. coli, Pneumococci, Streptococci, and certain strains of Staphylococci. (yahoo.com)
  • The use of multiple genetic pathways for recombinational DNA repair in N. gonorrhoeae distinguishes it from Escherichia coli , which utilizes the RecF DNA repair pathway only in a mutant recBC sbcBC background ( 22 , 25 ). (asm.org)
  • Histidine-binding protein (gene hisJ) of Escherichia coli and related bacteria. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Lysine/arginine/ornithine-binding proteins (LAO) (gene argT) of Escherichia coli and related bacteria are involved in the same transport system than hisJ. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • 6 ) reported that properdin bound to a strain of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and a "rough" LPS mutant of Escherichia coli K12, and that bacteria-bound properdin was capable of enhancing C3 deposition on these bacteria after the addition of properdin-deficient serum. (jimmunol.org)
  • Bacteria that have been known to carry T2SS was Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholera, bacteria which are known for cholera and diarrheal diseases. (wikibooks.org)
  • Syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum , which spreads via contact with a sore on the genitals, anus, rectum, lips, or mouth. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Ceftriaxone is among the last remaining recommended therapies for treating Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections and is used in many countries around the world as part of a dual therapy with azithromycin. (cdc.gov)
  • To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of FORTAZ and other antibacterial drugs, FORTAZ should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. (rxlist.com)
  • Drug-resistant bacteria and fungi cause almost 3 million infections and 35,000 deaths a year, the CDC reports. (washingtonpost.com)
  • These bacteria, which normally live in the digestive tract, can invade other parts of the body, like the urinary tract, and cause infections. (harvard.edu)
  • The problem of infections not responding to drugs that once were effective is so serious that recently the World Health Organization (WHO) released a report calling antimicrobial resistance in bacteria as well as fungi, viruses and parasites an increasingly serious threat to global public health . (care2.com)
  • As more and more bacteria develop resistance, it ll be harder to treat many infections. (care2.com)
  • According to WHO, antibiotic resistance to bacteria that cause life-threatening infections such as pneumonia, bloodstream infections and infections in newborns and ICU patients has spread to all regions of the world. (care2.com)
  • Active against bacteria that commonly cause ear, nose, or throat infections. (yahoo.com)
  • May also be used to treat infections of the genitourinary tract, skin, or lower respiratory tract caused by susceptible bacteria . (yahoo.com)
  • Amoxicillin is a penicillin-type antibiotic that only treats infections caused by susceptible bacteria . (yahoo.com)
  • Amoxicillin can treat infections caused by bacteria but not those caused by viruses. (yahoo.com)
  • Some species of cocci bacteria can be either good or bad, depending on the particular strain. (brighthub.com)
  • To decide which direction to take to form a colony with other bacteria of the same species or to find the best port of entry into a cell, the bacterium engages in a tug-of-war with a random outcome. (mpg.de)
  • Of the eleven species of ''Neisseria'' that colonize humans, only two are pathogens. (wikidoc.org)
  • In this study, five species of denitrifying bacteria from three phyla were isolated from subsurface sediments exposed to metal radionuclide and nitrate contamination as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Integrated Field Research Challenge (OR-IFRC). (asm.org)
  • Based on genome analysis, Rhodanobacter species contain two nitrite reductase genes and have not been detected in functional-gene surveys of denitrifying bacteria at the OR-IFRC site. (asm.org)
  • Bacteria can also transmit this resistance to bacteria within and outside their species. (care2.com)
  • In this study we have performed a microarray-led investigation of the FNR-mediated responses in N. gonorrhoeae to determine the physiological similarities and differences in the role of FNR in cellular regulation in this species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The first reported case of the FC428 ceftriaxone-resistant N . gonorrhoeae strain was in Japan during January 2015 in a heterosexual man in his twenties who had urethritis ( 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • 7] N. gonorrhoeae strain 1090 genome was sequenced by the University of Oklahoma. (kenyon.edu)
  • At any particular time, the bacterium can express zero, one, or several different Opa proteins, and each strain has 10 or more genes for different Opas. (kenyon.edu)
  • It is the first time a strain of the bacteria that is resistant to the drug ceftriaxone has been found in North America. (statnews.com)
  • The genetic signature of the bacteria that infected the Quebec woman had some close similarities to the Japanese case, which suggests that strain might be spreading. (statnews.com)
  • The resistance to cephems including cefixime and penicillin was transferred to a susceptible recipient, N. gonorrhoeae ATCC 19424, by transformation of the penicillin-binding protein 2 gene ( penA ) that had been amplified by PCR from a strain with reduced susceptibility to cefixime (MIC, 0.5 μg/ml). (asm.org)
  • Researchers are concerned about this bacteria strain because they do not know how common it is, and whether it is present in other countries around the world, said David Whiley, an infectious disease researcher at the Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute in Brisbane, who worked on the woman's case and wrote the report with his colleagues. (livescience.com)
  • To investigate the role of PriA in recombination and repair in Neisseria gonorrhoeae , we identified, cloned, and insertionally inactivated the gonococcal priA homologue. (asm.org)
  • Gonococcal arthritis occurs when the bacteria spread through the blood to a joint. (medlineplus.gov)
  • rRNA gene analyses coupled with physiological and genomic analyses suggest that bacteria from the genus Rhodanobacter are a diverse population of denitrifiers that are circumneutral to moderately acidophilic, with a high relative abundance in areas of the acidic source zone at the OR-IFRC site. (asm.org)
  • They included some very common bacteria that cause pneumonia and strep throat. (harvard.edu)
  • None of the Archaea are currently considered to be pathogens, but animals, including humans, are constantly bombarded and inhabited by large numbers and varieties of Bacteria. (britannica.com)
  • Some bacteria are adept at invasion of a host and are called pathogens , or disease producers. (britannica.com)
  • This specificity is thought to be the reason these bacteria are exclusively human pathogens. (kenyon.edu)
  • The scientists found that Neisseria gonorrhoeae is more sensitive to CO-based toxicity than other model bacterial pathogens, and may serve as a viable candidate for antimicrobial therapy using CO-RMs. (york.ac.uk)
  • WHO publishes list of antibiotic resistant priority pathogens of 12 families of bacteria that pose greatest threat to human health. (disabled-world.com)
  • Ecology== ''Neisseria menigitidis'' and ''Neisseria gonorrhoeae'' are both human pathogens that infect the body differently. (kenyon.edu)
  • Until complete genome sequences became available in the last ten years, it was commonly assumed that obligate pathogens rely less on transcription control than more versatile bacteria that occupy a variety of niches outside of their mammalian hosts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Over the previous decade, the general paradigm was that extracellular bacteria were only sensed by cell surface-expressed Toll-like receptors (TLRs), whereas cytoplasmic sensors, including members of the Nod-like receptor (NLR) family, were specific to pathogens capable of breaching the host cell membrane. (frontiersin.org)
  • The second and third tiers in the list - the high and medium priority categories - contain other increasingly drug-resistant bacteria that cause more common diseases such as gonorrhoea and food poisoning caused by salmonella. (disabled-world.com)
  • N. gonorrhoeae may also encounter H 2 O 2 produced by commensal organisms often associated with gonococci in vivo ( 72 ). (asm.org)
  • N. gonorrhoeae is highly adapted to survive oxidative damage, as evidenced by the ability of gonococci to survive within and among neutrophils ( 40 , 55 ). (asm.org)
  • Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that differ from all other organisms (the eukaryotes) in lacking a true nucleus and organelles such as mitochondria, chloroplasts, and lysosomes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Two groups of prokaryotic organisms are sometimes not classified as bacteria. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bacteria are clever little organisms that multiply fast. (care2.com)
  • Recombinational repair is well studied in N. gonorrhoeae and requires the recA ( 21 ) and recX ( 62 ) genes, along with either the RecBCD pathway components recB , recC , and recD ( 33 ) or the RecF pathway components recO , recR , recQ , and recJ ( 33 , 50 , 57 ). (asm.org)
  • The branch migration genes recG and ruvA also contribute to recombinational DNA repair in N. gonorrhoeae ( 50 ). (asm.org)
  • N. gonorrhoeae genome contains many genes that are predicted to be involved severeal DNA repair pathyways. (kenyon.edu)
  • Recombinational DNA repair has been studied in N. gonorrhoeae and requires the recA and recX genes, which act with either the RecBCD pathway (recB, recC, and recD genes) or the RecF-like pathway (recO, recQ, recR, and recJ genes). (kenyon.edu)
  • To date, only two genes that are involved in DNA repair and recombination have been found to protect against oxidative damage in N. gonorrhoeae . (kenyon.edu)
  • More often, health care providers use urine or cervical swabs for a new test that detects the genes of the bacteria. (thebody.com)
  • You can acquire drug-resistant bacteria in many different ways. (harvard.edu)
  • Culture also allows testing for drug-resistant bacteria. (thebody.com)
  • These bacteria have built-in abilities to find new ways to resist treatment and can pass along genetic material that allows other bacteria to become drug-resistant as well. (disabled-world.com)
  • and drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae . (care2.com)
  • Detailed knowledge of this mechanism is furthering our understanding of how bacteria infect cells, and could shed light on ways to combat them. (mpg.de)
  • These bacteria can infect the genital tract, mouth, and rectum of both men and women. (thebody.com)
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae uses them to crawl, and to attach to cells and infect them. (newscientist.com)
  • Although most bacteria are beneficial or even necessary for life on Earth , a few are known for their detrimental impact on humans. (britannica.com)
  • These bacteria are often found in the nose and on the skin, and about 20% of humans are carriers. (brighthub.com)
  • Helicobacter pylori is a microaerophilic spiral-shaped lophotrichous Gram-negative bacterium that colonizes the gastric lumen of primates, including humans ( 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • humans are the only host of this bacteria and it is transmitted through sexual contact. (kenyon.edu)
  • Scanning electron micrograph of Yersinia pestis , the bacterium responsible for plague. (britannica.com)
  • Antiseptics worked well on the surface, but deep wounds tended to shelter anaerobic bacteria from the antiseptic agent, and antiseptics seemed to remove beneficial agents produced that protected the patients in these cases at least as well as they removed bacteria, and did nothing to remove the bacteria that were out of reach. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Gram-negative bacteria the solute-binding proteins are dissolved in the periplasm, while in archaea and Gram-positive bacteria, their solute-binding proteins are membrane-anchored lipoproteins [ PMID: 8003968 , PMID: 18310026 ]. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • This includes the opacity (Opa) proteins which are responsible for the opaque colony phenotype caused by tight junctions between adjacent Neisseria , and are also responsible for tight adherence to host cells. (kenyon.edu)
  • 1] Neisseria gonorrhoeae can produce one or several Opa proteins. (kenyon.edu)
  • N. gonorrhoeae'' has surface proteins called Opa proteins, which bind to receptors on immune cells. (wikidoc.org)
  • The many permutations of surface proteins make it more difficult for immune cells to recognize ''N. gonorrhoeae'' and mount a defense. (wikidoc.org)
  • N. gonorrhoeae has three penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs), denoted PBPs 1, 2, and 3. (asm.org)
  • The membrane proteins expressed by N. gonorrhoeae when grown under iron-limitation have been examined. (google.com)
  • Bacteriostatic action against susceptible bacteria. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Gram positive bacteria are the most sensitive and susceptible to penicillin because Gram positive bacteria only have murein (peptidoglycan) layer. (yahoo.com)
  • Microbiology == ''[[Neisseria]]'' are fastidious Gram-negative cocci that require nutrient supplementation to grow in laboratory cultures. (wikidoc.org)
  • Medical microbiology--Culture media -- Part 4: Transport systems for specimens containing bacteria. (atcc.org)
  • The 2013 AR Threats Report helped inform the National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria . (cdc.gov)
  • Antibiotic-resistant bacteria sicken more than two million Americans each year and account for at least 23,000 deaths. (harvard.edu)
  • In long term, I remain optimistic and believe that we will find new ways to combat antibiotic resistant bacteria. (ki.se)
  • Bacteria comes in three general shapes: spherical, rod-shaped and spiral. (brighthub.com)
  • This article will focus on the spherical (sometimes oval) shaped bacteria. (brighthub.com)
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a gram-negative coccus, or bacteria whose overall shape is spherical. (kenyon.edu)
  • Most commonly, the bacteria are transmitted during sexual intercourse with a partner who has a sexually transmitted disease. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Our results provide further evidence of international transmission of ceftriaxone-resistant N. gonorrhoeae . (cdc.gov)
  • Our re- considered to have occurred sporadically because, except sults provide further evidence of international transmission for limited transmission of F89 among persons in France of ceftriaxone-resistant N. gonorrhoeae . (cdc.gov)
  • Some bacteria can also form spores , dehydrated forms that are relatively resistant to heat, cold, lack of water, toxic chemicals, and radiation. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The most critical group of all includes multidrug resistant bacteria that pose a particular threat in hospitals, nursing homes, and among patients whose care requires devices such as ventilators and blood catheters. (disabled-world.com)
  • Other reports showed that C-terminal amino acid residues of the penA transpeptidase domain were also altered in penicillin-resistant N. gonorrhoeae ( 8 , 18 , 19 ). (asm.org)
  • To my surprise, not all my friends who research other topics know that interrupted antibiotic treatments could contribute to the emergence of resistant bacteria. (ki.se)
  • Jun 27, 2017 · Amoxicillin works by preventing bacteria from growing, and killing them. (yahoo.com)
  • In addition, since N. gonorrhoeae is an obligate human pathogen and is unlikely to be subject to damage by chemical and physical agents in the environment (e.g. (asm.org)
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae is an obligate human pathogen with no known environmental reservoirs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A coccus organism is capable of living on its own, but it may also live in a formation along with other cocci bacteria. (brighthub.com)
  • This difference may reflect an increased importance of recombinational repair pathways in N. gonorrhoeae since this organism lacks an SOS response ( 2 ). (asm.org)
  • The bacteria that cause bacterial vaginosis normally reside in the vagina. (merckmanuals.com)
  • This includes anaerobic and facultative bacteria, similar to those associated with bacterial vaginosis. (hindawi.com)
  • STDs comprise a large and diverse set of disease entities which include viruses , bacteria, protozoa, and arthropods. (conservapedia.com)
  • When you take an antibiotic, it enters your bloodstream and travels through your body, killing bacteria but not human cells. (yahoo.com)
  • CC Neisseria gonorrhoeae NCCP11945 chromosome, complete genome. (univ-lyon1.fr)
  • RT "Complete genome sequence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae NCCP11945. (genome.jp)
  • The availability of the complete genome sequence and pan- Neisseria microarrays provide an opportunity to test these assumptions directly by comparing the extent of the N. gonorrhoeae FNR regulon with that of the recently-published E. coli FNR regulon [ 8 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Various types of pili are involved in conjugation and in the adherence of bacteria to mucosal surfaces. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Doxycycline has bacteriostatic activity against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. (nih.gov)
  • Suprapen exhibits in vitro and in experimental animals in vivo , bactericidal activity against a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. (intekom.com)
  • Bacteria are classified into two major groups, gram-positive and gram-negative , based on their reaction to Gram stain . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This entry represents a domain found in the solute-binding protein family 3 members from Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria and archaea. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • The oral cavities, intestinal tract, and skin are colonized by enormous numbers of specific types of bacteria that are adapted to life in those habitats. (britannica.com)
  • Like all types of bacteria, some are commensal (meaning they are found in and on the human body without causing harm) while others are pathogenic (meaning they cause illness). (brighthub.com)
  • All vaginal microbiota and N. gonorrhoeae efficiently colonized the 3-D surface, localizing to crevices of the EEC model and interacting with multiple adjacent cells simultaneously. (elsevier.com)
  • The bacteria are carried in semen and vaginal fluids and cause a discharge in men and women. (thebody.com)
  • KidsHealth.org reported the bacteria can be passed from one person to another through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. (empowher.com)
  • Less commonly, women are infected during a vaginal delivery, an abortion, or a medical procedure, such as dilation and curettage (D and C) or gynecologic surgery-when bacteria are introduced into the vagina or when bacteria that normally reside in the vagina are moved into the uterus. (merckmanuals.com)
  • N. gonorrhoeae seems to use both DNA recombinational repair pathways simultaneously. (kenyon.edu)