Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Genital Diseases, Female: Pathological processes involving the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Veterinary Drugs: Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.Micropore Filters: A membrane or barrier with micrometer sized pores used for separation purification processes.Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Magnesium Oxide: Magnesium oxide (MgO). An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral periclase. In aqueous media combines quickly with water to form magnesium hydroxide. It is used as an antacid and mild laxative and has many nonmedicinal uses.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Dictionaries, ChemicalDictionaryDictionaries, PharmaceuticTerminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Dictionaries, DentalSpeech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Sound: A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Ear Cartilage: Cartilage of the EAR AURICLE and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL.Ear Auricle: The shell-like structure projects like a little wing (pinna) from the side of the head. Ear auricles collect sound from the environment.Acupuncture, Ear: Acupuncture therapy by inserting needles in the ear. It is used to control pain and for treating various ailments.Ear, External: The outer part of the hearing system of the body. It includes the shell-like EAR AURICLE which collects sound, and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL, the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE, and the EXTERNAL EAR CARTILAGES.Otitis Media with Effusion: Inflammation of the middle ear with a clear pale yellow-colored transudate.Counterimmunoelectrophoresis: Immunoelectrophoresis in which immunoprecipitation occurs when antigen at the cathode is caused to migrate in an electric field through a suitable medium of diffusion against a stream of antibody migrating from the anode as a result of endosmotic flow.Otitis Media, Suppurative: Inflammation of the middle ear with purulent discharge.Polysaccharides, Bacterial: Polysaccharides found in bacteria and in capsules thereof.Ear, Middle: The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.Adenoids: A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.Otitis Media: Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.Magnesium Sulfate: A small colorless crystal used as an anticonvulsant, a cathartic, and an electrolyte replenisher in the treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. It causes direct inhibition of action potentials in myometrial muscle cells. Excitation and contraction are uncoupled, which decreases the frequency and force of contractions. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1083)Edetic Acid: A chelating agent that sequesters a variety of polyvalent cations such as CALCIUM. It is used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and as a food additive.Magnesium Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of magnesium in the diet, characterized by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and weakness. Symptoms are paresthesias, muscle cramps, irritability, decreased attention span, and mental confusion, possibly requiring months to appear. Deficiency of body magnesium can exist even when serum values are normal. In addition, magnesium deficiency may be organ-selective, since certain tissues become deficient before others. (Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1936)Superantigens: Microbial antigens that have in common an extremely potent activating effect on T-cells that bear a specific variable region. Superantigens cross-link the variable region with class II MHC proteins regardless of the peptide binding in the T-cell receptor's pocket. The result is a transient expansion and subsequent death and anergy of the T-cells with the appropriate variable regions.Enterotoxins: Substances that are toxic to the intestinal tract causing vomiting, diarrhea, etc.; most common enterotoxins are produced by bacteria.Pasteurella: The oldest recognized genus of the family PASTEURELLACEAE. It consists of several species. Its organisms occur most frequently as coccobacillus or rod-shaped and are gram-negative, nonmotile, facultative anaerobes. Species of this genus are found in both animals and humans.Thiostrepton: One of the CYCLIC PEPTIDES from Streptomyces that is active against gram-positive bacteria. In veterinary medicine, it has been used in mastitis caused by gram-negative organisms and in dermatologic disorders.Pasteurella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.Pasteurella multocida: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally found in the flora of the mouth and respiratory tract of animals and birds. It causes shipping fever (see PASTEURELLOSIS, PNEUMONIC); HEMORRHAGIC BACTEREMIA; and intestinal disease in animals. In humans, disease usually arises from a wound infection following a bite or scratch from domesticated animals.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Mannheimia haemolytica: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.Gingiva: Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Cystic Fibrosis: An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.Pseudomonas Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus PSEUDOMONAS.Alginates: Salts of alginic acid that are extracted from marine kelp and used to make dental impressions and as absorbent material for surgical dressings.Pseudomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.Glucuronic Acid: A sugar acid formed by the oxidation of the C-6 carbon of GLUCOSE. In addition to being a key intermediate metabolite of the uronic acid pathway, glucuronic acid also plays a role in the detoxification of certain drugs and toxins by conjugating with them to form GLUCURONIDES.Hexuronic Acids: Term used to designate tetrahydroxy aldehydic acids obtained by oxidation of hexose sugars, i.e. glucuronic acid, galacturonic acid, etc. Historically, the name hexuronic acid was originally given to ascorbic acid.

Mechanism of citrate metabolism in Lactococcus lactis: resistance against lactate toxicity at low pH. (1/6674)

Measurement of the flux through the citrate fermentation pathway in resting cells of Lactococcus lactis CRL264 grown in a pH-controlled fermentor at different pH values showed that the pathway was constitutively expressed, but its activity was significantly enhanced at low pH. The flux through the citrate-degrading pathway correlated with the magnitude of the membrane potential and pH gradient that were generated when citrate was added to the cells. The citrate degradation rate and proton motive force were significantly higher when glucose was metabolized at the same time, a phenomenon that could be mimicked by the addition of lactate, the end product of glucose metabolism. The results clearly demonstrate that citrate metabolism in L. lactis is a secondary proton motive force-generating pathway. Although the proton motive force generated by citrate in cells grown at low pH was of the same magnitude as that generated by glucose fermentation, citrate metabolism did not affect the growth rate of L. lactis in rich media. However, inhibition of growth by lactate was relieved when citrate also was present in the growth medium. Citrate did not relieve the inhibition by other weak acids, suggesting a specific role of the citrate transporter CitP in the relief of inhibition. The mechanism of citrate metabolism presented here provides an explanation for the resistance to lactate toxicity. It is suggested that the citrate metabolic pathway is induced under the acidic conditions of the late exponential growth phase to make the cells (more) resistant to the inhibitory effects of the fermentation product, lactate, that accumulates under these conditions.  (+info)

Direct selection for mutators in Escherichia coli. (2/6674)

We have constructed strains that allow a direct selection for mutators of Escherichia coli on a single plate medium. The plate selection is based on using two different markers whose reversion is enhanced by a given mutator. Plates containing limiting amounts of each respective nutrient allow the growth of ghost colonies or microcolonies that give rise to full-size colonies only if a reversion event occurs. Because two successive mutational events are required, mutator cells are favored to generate full-size colonies. Reversion of a third marker allows direct visualization of the mutator phenotype by the large number of blue papillae in the full-size colonies. We also describe plate selections involving three successive nutrient markers followed by a fourth papillation step. Different frameshift or base substitution mutations are used to select for mismatch-repair-defective strains (mutHLS and uvrD). We can detect and monitor mutator cells arising spontaneously, at frequencies lower than 10(-5) in the population. Also, we can measure a mutator cascade, in which one type of mutator (mutT) generates a second mutator (mutHLS) that then allows stepwise frameshift mutations. We discuss the relevance of mutators arising on a single medium as a result of cells overcoming successive growth barriers to the development and progression of cancerous tumors, some of which are mutator cell lines.  (+info)

Steady-state nitrogen isotope effects of N2 and N2O production in Paracoccus denitrificans. (3/6674)

Nitrogen stable-isotope compositions (delta15N) can help track denitrification and N2O production in the environment, as can knowledge of the isotopic discrimination, or isotope effect, inherent to denitrification. However, the isotope effects associated with denitrification as a function of dissolved-oxygen concentration and their influence on the isotopic composition of N2O are not known. We developed a simple steady-state reactor to allow the measurement of denitrification isotope effects in Paracoccus denitrificans. With [dO2] between 0 and 1.2 microM, the N stable-isotope effects of NO3- and N2O reduction were constant at 28.6 per thousand +/- 1.9 per thousand and 12.9 per thousand +/- 2.6 per thousand, respectively (mean +/- standard error, n = 5). This estimate of the isotope effect of N2O reduction is the first in an axenic denitrifying culture and places the delta15N of denitrification-produced N2O midway between those of the nitrogenous oxide substrates and the product N2 in steady-state systems. Application of both isotope effects to N2O cycling studies is discussed.  (+info)

Sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of three Salmonella rapid detection kits using fresh and frozen poultry environmental samples versus those of standard plating. (4/6674)

To reduce human exposure to Salmonella spp. in poultry products, broiler chicken flocks have been tested by culture methods. Since the standard techniques may take 3 to 5 days, rapid detection methods have been developed. In this study we tested the performance of three rapid tests originally developed for food samples by using environmental samples obtained from poultry houses. These rapid tests were Reveal, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay from Neogen Corp.; BIND, a bacterial ice nucleation detection method from Idetek Corp.; and a filter monitor method from Future Medical Technologies, Inc. For the standard culture, brilliant green with novabiocin and xylose-lysine-tergitol-4 agar were used for presumptive identification, and identities were confirmed by using poly-O antisera. Environmental samples were collected from farms belonging to an integrated poultry company prior to chick placement and 1 week before slaughter. Sensitivities, specificities, and predictive values with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Statistical differences were determined by using McNemar's chi square test. The sensitivities of the different tests were not stable, varying widely between sample times, and were affected by freezing of the samples. All of the rapid tests had low sensitivities, which led to many false-negative results. All tests were able to detect Salmonella spp. at a concentration of 10 CFU/ml in at least one of four trials. The BIND and Reveal tests were simple to use with multiple samples and reduced laboratory time by up to 1 day. Based on our results, we do not recommend that any of these rapid tests, in their present state of development, be utilized with environmental samples collected with drag swabs.  (+info)

Rapid identification of Actinomycetaceae and related bacteria. (5/6674)

Identification of new isolates belonging to the family Actinomycetaceae requires extensive numbers of biochemical tests, supplemented with gas-liquid chromatography determination of fermentation end products and, often, analysis of cell wall composition. This paper describes the results of the testing of 162 strains of Actinomycetaceae and related taxa for 20 different enzymatic activities including phosphatases, esterases, aminopeptidases, and glycosidases. The results of all tests were read after 4 h of incubation. The results obtained in the study provide significant new information on the biochemical properties of these groups of bacteria. An identification scheme based upon 13 selected tests, which allow the identification of these groups of bacteria within 4 h, is proposed.  (+info)

Risk factors for lower airway bacterial colonization in chronic bronchitis. (6/6674)

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for lower airway bacterial colonization (LABC) in stable chronic bronchitis (CB). Forty-one outpatients with CB were enrolled in the study (age 63.8+/-9.1 yrs (mean+/-SD); forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) 62.8+/-11.2; current/former smokers 24/17). All patients had normal chest radiographs and an indication for performing fibreoptic bronchoscopy (pulmonary nodule, remote haemoptysis). The protected specimen brush (PSB) was used for bacterial sampling, and concentrations > or = 1,000 colony-forming units (cfu) x mL(-1) were considered positive for LABC. The repeatability of the procedure in CB was assessed in a random subsample of 18 subjects. A 72.2% quantitative agreement was found in the repeatability assessment of the PSB technique. Positive PSB cultures, obtained in 9 out of 41 (22%) patients, mainly yielded Haemophilus influenzae. The logistic regression model, used to determine which variables were related to colonization, showed that LABC was associated with current smoking (odds ratio (OR) 9.83, confidence interval (CI) 1.16-83.20) and low FVC (OR 0.73, CI 0.65-0.81). Age and FEV1 were not related to LABC. It was concluded that the prevalence of LABC in stable CB is high (22%), and current smoking is an important risk factor.  (+info)

Predisposing factors to bacterial colonization in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (7/6674)

The aim of this prospective observational study was to determine those factors influencing bacterial colonization in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Eighty-eight outpatients with stable COPD and 20 patients with normal spirometry and chest radiography (controls) had a fibreoptic bronchoscopy performed with topical aerosol anaesthesia. Bacterial colonization was determined using the protected specimen brush (PSB) with a cut-off > or = 10(3) colony-forming units (CFU x mL(-1)). The influence of age, degree of airflow obstruction, smoking habit, pack-yrs of smoking, and chest radiographic findings on bacterial colonization were assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Significant bacterial growth was found in 40% of patients and in none of the controls. Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus viridans, S. pneumoniae and Moraxella catarrhalis were the most frequent pathogens. After adjustment for other variables, severe airflow limitation (odds ratio (OR) 5.11, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.45-17.9) and current smoking (OR 3.17, 95% CI 2.5-8) remained associated with positive bacterial cultures. When only potentially pathogenic micro-organisms were considered, significant bacterial growth was found in 30.7% of patients, with severe airflow obstruction (OR 9.28, 95% CI 2.19-39.3) being the only variable independently associated with positive bacterial cultures. Our results show that stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients have a high prevalence of bacterial colonization of distal airways which is mainly related to the degree of airflow obstruction and cigarette smoking.  (+info)

Extensive cross-contamination of specimens with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a reference laboratory. (8/6674)

A striking increase in the numbers of cultures positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis was noticed in a mycobacterial reference laboratory in Campinas, Sao Paulo State, Brazil, in May 1995. A contaminated bronchoscope was the suspected cause of the increase. All 91 M. tuberculosis isolates grown from samples from patients between 8 May and 18 July 1995 were characterized by spoligotyping and IS6110 fingerprinting. Sixty-one of the 91 isolates had identical spoligotype patterns, and the pattern was arbitrarily designated S36. The 61 specimens containing these isolates had been processed and cultured in a 21-day period ending on 1 June 1995, but only 1 sample was smear positive for acid-fast bacilli. The patient from whom this sample was obtained was considered to be the index case patient and had a 4+ smear-positive lymph node aspirate that had been sent to the laboratory on 10 May. Virtually all organisms with spoligotype S36 had the same IS6110 fingerprint pattern. Extensive review of the patients' charts and investigation of laboratory procedures revealed that cross-contamination of specimens had occurred. Because the same strain was grown from all types of specimens, the bronchoscope was ruled out as the outbreak source. The most likely source of contamination was a multiple-use reagent used for specimen processing. The organism was cultured from two of the solutions 3 weeks after mock contamination. This investigation strongly supports the idea that M. tuberculosis grown from smear-negative specimens should be analyzed by rapid and reliable strain differentiation techniques, such as spoligotyping, to help rule out laboratory contamination.  (+info)

Evaluation of tuberculosis diagnostics in children: 2. Methodological issues for conducting and reporting research evaluations of tuberculosis diagnostics for intrathoracic tuberculosis in children. Consensus from an expert panel ...
l heard the phrase "its the principle of the thing." This phrase reminds us that in everything we do, including the clinical management of patients, there are both precedents and principles to guide our decision making processes. The principle of "doing the right thing" should be utilized in pediatric blood management and in making evidence based transfusion decisions.. Most of us are familiar with, and may well already be using, a Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) system; which incorporates evidenced based practice (EBP) guidelines in an electronic order entry format. This EBP function is crucial in supporting the clinicians decision to transfuse, and how much, if any, blood product is appropriate. Decision support systems can also help in areas such as pediatric blood volume management and anemia management. Some pediatric blood conservation centers utilize Electronic Medical Record (EMR) systems to monitor other blood management considerations such as intake and output, utilizing the ...
Discussion The Xpert MTB/RIF® test is a useful tool for early diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Having the results regarding rifampin resistance in two hours allows choosing the therapy appropriately, and thus reducing the probability of resistance to other drugs during treatment, as well as decreasing the time of patient infectivity and the appearance of aftermath. Its relevance as a diagnostic tool is foremost when respiratory samples are ZN-negative because it reduces the time to start treatment and it is not necessary to wait for culture results (10-12). The Xpert MTB/RIF ® test has high specificity to detect only M. tuberculosis DNA. It has been evaluated in 89 non-tuberculosis bacteria, fungi and viruses with no false positives (13). The last steps of the assay (polymerase chain reaction) are highly susceptible to samples contamination, but as these are kept in a sealed container, there is no possibility of contamination and, therefore, of having false positives. The ...
/PRNewswire/ -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of the Global Tuberculosis Diagnostics and Treatment Market Analysis & Trends- Therapeutics,...
What is a nurse? Nurses are professionals in the health care field who combine the fine art of caring with scientific skills and knowledge. Allison Franco, R.N., B.S.N., coordinator of the OHSU Doernbecher Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplantation program, embodies this and much more. Allison is a very skilled and knowledgeable in her role as transplant coordinator. She collaborates with multiple departments and people on a daily basis, including families, patients and outside providers. Her communication skills … Read More. ...
Despite the progress made in global tuberculosis (TB) control, TB remains a major global health problem, and drug-resistant TB is a growing threat ( 1 ). Early diagnosis of TB including universal drug susceptibility testing (DST), and systematic screening of contacts and high-risk groups are key components of the End TB Strategy by WHO and partners ( 2 ).
This short In Focus article reviews the current best diagnostic tools available for TB diagnosis and monitoring, and describes the most important gaps, and translational challenges for developing innovative products that can meet the needs. ...
Q5: What treatment occurs in the septic tank? The septic tank provides primary treatment of the wastewater from the building. The first compartment of the septic tank is for separating the solid material from the liquid portion of the wastewater. Wastewater flows from the building into the first compartment of the tank, where it is retained for approximately 1.5 days. During that time, solids settle out and sink to the bottom, and oils and greases separate and form a scum layer along the top of the liquid. A relatively clear layer of liquid is created between the scum and solids layers. The remaining clear liquid flows through holes in the middle of the baffle wall into the second chamber of the tank, from where it goes out to the leaching bed. When wastewater flows into the tank, equal volume of effluent is transferred out of the tank and to the leaching bed. Bacteria present in the wastewater breaks down, or eats up solids that have settled to the bottom of the tank. In a septic tank, these ...
The Horizon Foundation Finishing System in Plainview provides moisture and thermal protection to exposed foundation walls between the grade line and the sill plate and comes in insulated and uninsulated versions. It is a three-layer system incorporating a Tuff-N-Dri basement waterproofing membrane, a high-density insulation panel, and a waterproofing and insulating topcoat.
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The low number of incorrect identifications, combined with the absence of any correct ones probably means that the risk in the dataset is low enough to be considered suitable for "open data". However, it might even be deemed too cautious with disclosure control being applied too strictly. The ideal situation is to have a fair number of incorrect identifications and very few (not necessarily nil) correct identifications. For this example it was decided to reattempt intruder testing, but to use eight age bands instead of four age bands; results are shown in Table A5.. The question is then one of risk appetite. The level of risk that one would normally take with an open dataset (and therefore to be publicly available) is usually very low. Always remember that it would be perfectly legal for an intruder or researcher to attempt to identify an individual and to claim to have made a correct identification. It is therefore important for a data provider to have a strategy in place for that instance. ...
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Pour Plate Technique for Bacterial Enumeration RELATED PROTOCOLS: Bacterial Contamination of Milk and Meat , Yeast Plate Count PURPOSE: The pour plate technique can be used to determine the number of microbes/mL or microbes/gram in a specimen. It has the advantage of not requiring previously prepared plates, and is often used to assay bacterial contamination…
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The global blood culture test market size was estimated at USD 3.2 billion in 2016. Escalating rate of approval for new products, including instruments and consumables for diagnosis of Bloodstream Infections (BSI), by regulatory authorities is a major factor contributing to the growth of the market
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The advent of Internet-based EMR systems gives you new options. Here we report on 23 conventional systems and five Internet-based ones.
SPARKS, Md., June 17 /PRNewswire/ -- Launch of BD BACTEC™ MGIT™ 320 System Expands TB Detection Worldwide. New, Smaller Capacity System Designed for...
A team of investigators has determined that young children participating in a clinical trial to assess the effectiveness of reduced radiotherapy did worse when there were deviations from the treatment protocol. Results of the study will be available online in advance of publication by Pediatric Blood & Cancer on April 4.
Borinstein, S. C., Steppan, D., Hayashi, M., Loeb, D. M., Isakoff, M. S., Binitie, O., Brohl, A. S., Bridge, J. A., Stavas, M., Shinohara, E. T., Meyer, W. H., Reed, D. R. & Wagner, L. M., Feb 1 2018, In : Pediatric Blood and Cancer. 65, 2, e26809.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article ...
Supplier pricing and chemical structure of high purity Man(a1-2)-Man(a1-2)-Man(a1-3)-[Man(a1-3)-[Man(a1-6)]-Man(a1-6)]-Man from Omicron Biochemicals, Inc.
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Novel cell-permeable modulator of cellular morphogenesis in yeast and mammalian cells; Inhibitor of SARS-CoV Mpro activity via intensive H-bond network and hydrophobic interactions; High Quality Biochemicals for Research Uses
Inhibitor of the uPAR·uPA protein-protein interaction, blocking cancer cell invasion; High Quality Biochemicals for Research Uses
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Lalvin VP41® is a malolactic bacteria used for direct inoculation. Lalvin VP41® has good implantation, high alcohol and SO2 tolerance, plus steady ferme...
An electronic network is disclosed for effectively providing a technique to administer medical treatment. The technique pertains to at least one patient and at least one unit for medical treatment. Th
En snabb teknik för visualisering av växande immobiliserade jästceller, här gäller för fluorescerande reportrar på den tysta parning...
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Oferujemy szerokiej gamy plastiki laboratoryjne i odczynniki laboratoryjne, produkty low retention, końcówki z filtrem, probówki wirówkowe, polimerazy oraz markery DNA
You ve seen the doctor for a routine wellness exam or perhaps you ve had a recent injury. During your visit, your doctor recommends additional tests: a confusing mix of alphabet soup such as MRI, CT or other such language. It can be intimidating: Wh
Direct susceptibility testing on positive blood cultures has been recommended to facilitate early confirmation of antimicrobial susceptibility (2, 4, 6-10, 12, 13). Automated blood culture systems such as BacT/Alert and rapid MIC panels provided by automated bacterial identification and susceptibility testing systems such as MicroScan can potentially make direct susceptibility testing even more clinically valuable, allowing preliminary results in a matter of hours after growth is first detected in the blood culture bottle. Although the concept of direct inoculation of fluid from positive blood culture bottles into MIC panels was investigated in the early 1980s (6), no prospective evaluations by using the current MicroScan instrumentation, panels, software, and database, newer antimicrobials, or with more recently developed continuously monitoring blood culture instruments such as the BacT/Alert have been published.. This study demonstrated that MicroScan overnight and rapid panels can be used to ...
Little is known about the behaviour of filamentous fungi in most blood culture systems, despite their increasingly recognised role in infections of immunocompromised hosts. The ability of the BacT/Alert system (Organon Teknika, Durham, North Carolina, USA) to detect the growth of 19 such fungi was examined. Eleven species grew and were detected rapidly; two species did not grow. Six species grew slowly, and were generally only recovered with terminal subculture after prolonged incubation. The CO2 production graph for some of these fungi showed a slow but steady rise, insufficient to cause the apparatus to signal positive. These results show that the BacT/Alert system may miss some fungi, either because of no growth in the medium or undetected slow growth. The latter problem could be overcome by prolonged incubation and terminal subculture when fungal infection is considered likely. Alteration of the signalling mechanism might permit earlier detection of some slow growing fungi.. ...
Early buyers will receive 10% customization on reports.. In this report, the blood culture tests market is segmented on the basis of method, product, technology, application, end user, and region. Based on end user, the blood culture tests market is segmented into hospital laboratories, reference laboratories, academic research laboratories, and other laboratories (pathology laboratories, bacteriological laboratories, physician office laboratories (POLs), and independent research laboratories). The reference laboratories segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. The high growth of this segment is attributed to the increasing outsourcing of blood culture tests by hospitals to reference laboratories, as they can perform a large volume of tests and are equipped with advanced diagnostic techniques that provide blood culture tests with a quick turnaround time.. Geographically, the blood culture tests market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia, and the Rest ...
Background There are significant delays in initiation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR -TB) treatment. The Xpert MTB/RIF test has been shown to reduce the time to diagnosis and treatment of...
Although automated continuous-monitoring blood culture systems are both rapid and sensitive, false-positive and false-negative results still occur. The objective of this study, then, was to evaluate negative results occurring with BacT/Alert 3D blood culture systems. A total of 1032 samples were cul...
... By J. Vandepitte, J. Verhaegen, K. Engbaek Publisher: World Health Organization Number Of Pages: 175 Publication Date: 2003-12 ISBN-10 / ASIN: 9241545453
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RediJect Bacterial Detection Fluorescent Probe Standard Kit contains enough agent for up to 20 mice for in vivo imaging of gram positive and gram negative bacteria.
The purpose of clinical laboratory procedures is to provide the clinician doing diagnostic work with specific information needed to round out his picture of the disorders he has observed in the patient. Clinical bacteriology can contribute its part by supplying data about the microscopic life involved and the susceptibility of such life to particular drugs. To identify bacterial growth, you must take certain steps that will enable you, through a process of elimination, to choose the microscopic form that fits the findings you have obtained. Steps that are often essential include:. ...
LVX stability studies.For the mycobacterial growth indicator tube (MGIT) method, dilutions of LVX were prepared in sterile water, and then 0.1 ml of each drug dilution was added to sets of tubes containing 7.0 ml of MGIT broth supplemented with 0.8 ml of oleic acid-albumin-dextrose-catalase. Two subinhibitory concentrations of LVX, 0.5 and 0.25 μg/ml, were tested. Each tube was then inoculated based on the protocol of Bergmann and Woods (1) with 0.1 ml of a suspension of M. tuberculosis H37Rv equivalent to a McFarland turbidity standard of 0.5. One set of MGIT tubes containing drug dilutions was stored at 4°C for 14 days prior to inoculation with M. tuberculosis H37Rv. A second set of tubes containing drug dilutions was incubated for 14 days at 37°C prior to inoculation. A third set of tubes received added drug dilutions on the same day as inoculation. Five replicates were run per analysis. Stability comparisons were determined based on the number of days that were required to detect a ...
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The overall performance of SCITB agar plus the spot indole test for the detection of K. oxytoca was superior to that of MacConkey agar by McNemars test (P = 0.022). The sensitivities and specificities of the use of SCITB agar plus the spot indole test and MacConkey agar alone as a screening test were analyzed and are listed in Table 1 ...
Oliver has been on nine and a half hours of dialysis every 24 hours for 2 1/2 years and was only getting sicker after being diagnosed with in-stage renal disease. She started the lengthy process of getting on an organ transplant list in June 2010. Oliver is well-known among Plainview bowlers, having served as president of the Plainview Bowling Association for a number of years.. ...
The Plainview Area Chapter - which includes Cotton Center, Hale Center, Kress, Lockney, Olton, Petersburg and Plainview - was reorganized in 1996 and continues today with one of its main focus points being scholarships and information for new students at Texas Tech.. ...
Your brain is actually waiting for you to tell it what to do. Most of us go through life letting our subconscious mind dictate how we act and shape our mindsets.
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Blood cultures are used to detect bacteria or fungi in the blood and guide treatment and to identify a blood infection (septicemia) that can lead to sepsis. Blood cultures are ordered when a person has signs and symptoms of sepsis, which indicates that bacteria, fungi, or their toxic by-products are causing harm in the body.
IR Biotyper is Brukers infrared spectroscopy solution matching the needs for fast, easy-to-apply and economical strain typing methods with high discriminatory power on the level of routine molecular methods. Sample preparation is easy and up to 30 isolates can be analyzed within one run with a processing time from culture harvesting to result of just three hours. Running costs are significantly lower in comparison to other methods. IR spectroscopy is very well suited for strain typing and could ideally be combined with Brukers MALDI Biotyper MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry system, to meld the strength of rapid and easy microorganism identification via MALDI-TOF with IR strain typing into one workflow. ...
IR Biotyper is Brukers infrared spectroscopy solution matching the needs for fast, easy-to-apply and economical strain typing methods with high discriminatory power on the level of routine molecular methods. Sample preparation is easy and up to 30 isolates can be analyzed within one run with a processing time from culture harvesting to result of just three hours. Running costs are significantly lower in comparison to other methods. IR spectroscopy is very well suited for strain typing and could ideally be combined with Brukers MALDI Biotyper MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry system, to meld the strength of rapid and easy microorganism identification via MALDI-TOF with IR strain typing into one workflow. ...
books.google.ithttps://books.google.it/books/about/Manual_of_microbiological_methods.html?hl=it&id=i9RrAAAAIAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareManual of microbiological methods ...
The modelling approach is based on stock-and-flow modelling (commonly known as System Dynamics), in which a system is represented as a set of pools with flows into, out of and between them. In this case, the pools represent number of people.. In conventional System Dynamics, the stocks and flows represent the amount and rate-of-flow of some substance (e.g. water). These models generally involve values on a continuous scale (e.g. 10.357 litres), and are usually deterministic (you get the same result each time you run the same model).. It is not appropriate to model small numbers of individuals in this way. Therefore, this model has been engineered so that all the flows are in terms of whole (integer) numbers. Because of this, the model needs to use stochastic (probabilistic) methods to decide randomly whether the value of a flow will be 0, 1, 2 or 3 individuals if the mean rate is (for example) 1.357. The main method used is to sample from a binomial distribution, to generate a number of ...
Additional benefits are achieved through weight and cost reduction compared to conventional systems. Installation with only one bolt, whose size and torque are matched to the existing series process, is also advantageous. Thus the position of the gear-change shaft can be measured directly without any mechanic contact and with only a single sensor, which enables the problem-free detection and output of up to eight gears, the neutral position and of course the transitional state. The latter in particular enables the control device to prepare to implement the intention to change ...
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iSuite Integrated OR / iSuite 一体化整合 手术室 - PACS ... - StrykerPACS replaces hard-copy based means of managing medical images, such as film archives. It expands on the possibilities of such conventional systems by ... ...
An optical data identification card for an individual containing a photograph of the authorized user and a strip of optical contrast laser recording material with a laser-written macroscopic bi-level image of the authorized user to authenticate the photograph. The bi-level image is constructed by applying a dither matrix to a digital image file corresponding to the photograph. Each dark pixel consists of an array of high-density laser recorded spots or lines.
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(PRWEB UK) 18 December 2015 -- Becton Dickinson (BD), the leading provider of CD4 testing solutions in sub-Saharan Africa, is partnering with ministries of
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Meet Doctor Vlassi Baktidy. Here are his vitals: Hes board certified, specializing in Internal Medicine. Doctor Baktidy is a highly experienced doctor, with 23 years of practice in the field Highly regarded by his patients they rate him 3 out of 4 stars. They point out the time he spends with them. Is affiliated with a highly rated hospital. Graduated from St. Georges University. His average waiting time is 16 minutes. He accepts new patients. He has a number of insurance plans accepted. Use Vitals.com to examine Doctor Vlassi Baktidy from Plainview, New York. See patient comments make an appointment or even let us help you to prepare for your visit. Vitals .com where doctors are examined.. ...
Background Few studies have assessed the time to blood culture positivity as a predictor of clinical outcome in fungal bloodstream infections (BSIs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the time...
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Family members told the Plainview Herald that the bodies belong to their mother, 57-year-old Teresa Hill and her boyfriend, Robert Olszewski.
With increased activity and reduced financial and human resources, there is a need for automation in clinical bacteriology. Initial processing of clinical samples includes repetitive and fastidious steps. These tasks are suitable for automation, and several instruments are now available on the market, including the WASP (Copan), Previ-Isola (BioMerieux), Innova (Becton-Dickinson) and Inoqula (KIESTRA) systems. These new instruments allow efficient and accurate inoculation of samples, including four main steps: (i) selecting the appropriate Petri dish; (ii) inoculating the sample; (iii) spreading the inoculum on agar plates to obtain, upon incubation, well-separated bacterial colonies; and (iv) accurate labelling and sorting of each inoculated media ...
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09 Feb 2016. Children with cancer and their families often experience considerable psychological and social challenges during and after treatment.. A special issue of Pediatric Blood & Cancer now offers evidence-based standards for paediatric psychosocial care.. The special issue includes a series of focused articles that describe the 15 standards and summarise the relevant supporting evidence.. Examples of topics addressed in the standards include monitoring of psychosocial health; assessing financial burden; meeting siblings needs; providing school reentry support; and establishing open communication and collaboration among medical and psychosocial providers, patients, and families.. With evidence that such care contributes to positive quality of life outcomes of children with cancer and their family members, it is hoped that universal access to psychosocial support and intervention for patients and family members can be guaranteed for all 21st century families who face childhood cancer and ...
Burns, T. L., Debaun, M. R., Boulet, J. R., Smink, G., Murray, D. J. & Fehr, J. J., Sep 1 2013, In : Pediatric Blood and Cancer. 60, 9, p. 1492-1498 7 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
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CellTrend offers techniques and equipment for cell culture testing. Our main focus is on complex functional tests (e.g. angiogenesis, cell migration, NCI60 screening, immune cell func-tions, cytokine secretion). Study designs as well as the test systems themselves are individually adapted to customers needs.. The team consists of pharmacists and medical doctors who are very familiar with the requirements of the development and application of medicinal drugs.. ...
Johnson & Johnson is halting sales of devices used to remove growths in the uterus following a government warning that the electronic surgical tools can inadvertently spread cancer to other parts of the body.
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Purpose The primary reason to activate Probio stock solution concentrates is an economic one, extending the volume of product and increasing its cost-effectiveness. Addin
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CTBBL : Container/Tube: Preferred: Green top (sodium or lithium heparin) Acceptable: SPS/Isolator System Specimen Volume: 10 mL per culture Collection Instructions: 1. Send specimen in original tube. 2. Please note when sending SPS tube, it must be clearly labeled SPS. If label is obscured, sample may be cancelled as ACD (yellow top) is not an acceptable tube type.
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Of course not. This is a common concern among parents who mistakenly think their child will receive adjustments like the ones they receive. Not only are adjusting techniques modified for each persons size and unique spinal problem, an infants spine rarely has the long-standing muscle tightness seen in adults. This makes the energy needed to adjust a childs spine considerably less than an adults does ...
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Becton, Dickinson and Company Due Diligence Report provides a complete overview of the companys affairs. All available data is presented in a comprehensive
AbeBooks.com: Divan-i Kebir: Bahr-i Remel Mahbun Meskuk: 1887991247 1887991247 Very Good. (Binding: Soft Cover, Jacket: No Jacket) Near fine.
A subculture group forms when the larger culture fails to meet the needs of a particular group of people They offer different patterns of living values and behaviour norms, but there is dependence on the larger culture for general goals and direction (unlike counter-cultures which seek to destroy or change the larger culture) Subcultures try to compensate for the failure of the larger culture to provide adequate status, acceptance and identity In the youth subculture, youth find their age-related needs met It is a way-station in the life of the individual - it is as if society permits the ind
Contact events occurring between target species and surface sites on sensing materials initiate front-end interactions and subsequent transduction processes that can yield viable signals for
On October 26, 2004, at her home after a long struggle with Alzheimers Disease, THEDA RAEBURN HOPKINS, Teddy, 81, of Cockeysville. Born October 9, 1923, in Port Henry, NY, on a beautiful farm
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1897年,秉承改善患者医疗结果的信念,Maxwell Becton和Fairleigh Dickinson创立了BD公司。历经一个多世纪的不断探索,BD在保护患者和医护人员安全方面拥有丰富的经验和雄厚的实力,并能够为医学研究和临床试验提供领先的技术支持。
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Kitty was used to being asked to have additional tests after a mammogram, so she wasnt too concerned when it happened last April. But this time, things were different.
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... ing is a bacteriological laboratory technique used to differentiate bacterial species into two large groups (gram- ... Gram devised his technique not for the purpose of distinguishing one type of bacterium from another but to make bacteria more ... The method is named after its inventor, the Danish scientist Hans Christian Gram (1853-1938), who developed the technique while ... In clinical microbiology laboratories, it is used in combination with other traditional and molecular techniques to identify ...
The Elements of Bacteriological Technique (1902) several later editions Serums, Vaccines and Toxines in Treatment and Diagnoses ...
Regulations may require certain maximum contaminant levels or may require specific treatment techniques. Regulation of specific ... Some classes are inorganic, organic, lead and copper (regulated separately from inorganic), bacteriological, and radiological. ...
Some chemical techniques may be implemented using nanomaterials. Physical treatment techniques include, but are not limited to ... Contaminants found in groundwater cover a broad range of physical, inorganic chemical, organic chemical, bacteriological, and ... Most ground water treatment techniques utilize a combination of technologies. Some of the biological treatment techniques ... Chemical oxidation has proven to be an effective technique for dense non-aqueous phase liquid or DNAPL when it is present. ...
A bacteriological laboratory was added two years later. In 1893 when a typhoid epidemic (Salmonella typhi) arose along the ... During this time, Sedgwick and students invented techniques for identifying and quantitatively analyzing the microorganisms in ...
... ing is a bacteriological laboratory technique[4] used to differentiate bacterial species into two large groups (gram- ... "Bacteriological Reviews. 24 (3): 261-265. PMC 441053. PMID 13685217.. *^ Gram, H.C. (1884). "Über die isolierte Färbung der ... Gram devised his technique not for the purpose of distinguishing one type of bacterium from another but to make bacteria more ... The method is named after its inventor, the Danish scientist Hans Christian Gram (1853-1938), who developed the technique while ...
Techniques such as aeration, flocculation, and granular activated carbon absorption could combat this and these techniques were ... As understanding of the bacteriological nature of disease became clearer in the late 19th century the need to filter and treat ... In Lowell, MA after a typhoid outbreak in 1890 William Thompson Sedgwick applied bacteriological methods to the investigation ... Drinking water regulations were enacted by the US federal government beginning in 1914 regarding the bacteriological quality of ...
Other techniques (such as X-rays, CAT scans, PET scans or NMR) are used to produce images of internal abnormalities resulting ... Bacteriological plates such as these are commonly used in the clinical identification of infectious bacterium. Microbial ... Aseptic technique was introduced in medicine and surgery in the late 19th century and greatly reduced the incidence of ... This technique is especially useful in the diagnosis of viral diseases, where the light microscope is incapable of identifying ...
In this technique the number of viral plaques formed by a viral inoculum is counted, from which the actual virus concentration ... Bacteriological water analysis, Clonogenic assays, ... Bisphenol F Aquatic toxicity tests An MBAS assay indicates anionic ... A wide range of cellular secretions (say, a specific antibody or cytokine) can be detected using the ELISA technique. The ... This includes a detailed, technical explanation of contemporanous metallic ore assay techniques. The dictionary definition of ...
Rodríguez Vargas was there as an educator and investigator of the bacteriological aspects of dental diseases. His research led ... Rodríguez Vargas also developed the techniques and methods of analysis. On September 28, 1928, Rodriguez Vargas published in ...
Bacteriological and clinical studies on the biology of "gonococcus Neisser". Ueber Uterus-Gonorrhöe, Verhandlungen der ... "The technique of vagino-peritoneal operations" (1907). Biography of Ernst Wertheim @ Who Named It Ehrengrab Ernst Wertheim am ... where he devoted himself to developing surgical techniques for the treatment of uterine prolapse. Wertheim died in 1920 in ...
On February 14, 1970, a presidential order was given to outlaw all stockpiles of bacteriological weapons and nonliving toxins. ... A 1967 CIA memo which was uncovered by the Church Committee was confirmed to give evidence of at least three covert techniques ...
Bacteriological isolation and identificationEdit. Capnocytophaga spp. are fusiform Gram-negative bacilli, and are part of the ... The molecular techniques (16S rDNA PCR and sequencing), and mass spectrometry appear as attractive methods for reliable ...
Jones, D.; Sneath, P. H. (1970-03-01). "Genetic transfer and bacterial taxonomy". Bacteriological Reviews. 34 (1): 40-81. ISSN ... New Techniques". Plant Physiology. 173 (1): 65-78. doi:10.1104/pp.16.01340. ISSN 0032-0889. PMID 27895205. Sessa, Emily B.; ... Bacteriological Reviews. 32 (1): 55-83. ISSN 0005-3678. PMID 4869941. Anderson, E S (1968-10-01). "The Ecology of Transferable ...
In: MA Lang, CC Baldwin (Eds.) The Diving for Science…1996, "Methods and Techniques of Underwater Research"". Proceedings of ... Cobet AB, Wright DN, Warren PI (June 1970). "Tektite-I program: bacteriological aspects". Aerosp Med. 41 (6): 611-6. PMID ... and space resource-sharing A goal of the Tektite program was to prove that saturation diving techniques in an underwater ...
She conducted bacteriological investigations of commonly occurring diseases in domestic animals. Among her achievements were: ... Love's research associated with EHV1 and EHV4 involved using virological and molecular biological techniques to understand the ...
The Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques of 1977 does ... "under all circumstances the use of bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapons is effectively prohibited by the Convention ... "Convention on the prohibition of military or any other hostile use of environmental modification techniques (with annex). ... "Convention on the prohibition of military or any other hostile use of environmental modification techniques (with annex). ...
ISBN 978-3-540-11698-1. Swings, J; De Ley, J (March 1977). "The biology of Zymomonas". Bacteriological Reviews. 41 (1): 1-46. ... mutagenesis techniques or adaptive mutation., However, when these engineered strains metabolize mixed sugars in presence of ...
Robert Edward Hungate was a pioneering microbial ecologist who developed the first techniques for the culturing of anaerobic ... Hungate, Robert E. (December 1960). "Microbial ecology of the rumen". Bacteriological Reviews. 24 (4): 353-364. ISSN 0005-3678 ... he was unsuccessful in his attempts to isolate cellulolytic bacteria from the termite gut because culturing techniques for ...
Marvin, D. A.; Hohn, B. (1969). "Filamentous bacterial viruses". Bacteriological Reviews. 33 (2): 172-209. PMC 378320 . PMID ... or using techniques such as staining (e.g. neutral red for eukaryotes or giemsa for bacteria) or immunofluorescence. Special ...
International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 8:73-74 (1958) Meier-Kolthoff JP, Hahnke RL, Petersen JP, ... "Monitoring bacterial growth using tunable resistive pulse sensing with a pore-based technique". Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 98 ( ... Bacteriological water analysis Contamination control Dam dcm strain Eijkman test Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Fecal ... Feng P; Weagant S; Grant, M (1 September 2002). "Enumeration of Escherichia coli and the Coliform Bacteria". Bacteriological ...
They are used to study the efficiency of various dissemination techniques or the risks caused by the use of biological agents ... "Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons ...
1977 - the Department of Criminalistics and Special Technique of the Minsk Higher School of the USSR Ministry of Internal ... 1921 - the first forensic department in the republic was opened at the Central Chemical-Bacteriological Station of the People's ...
Milo Jr.'s sausage production technique was unique at the time: instead of pork trimmings, he made his sausage using ham, loin ... Jones also became one of the first meatpacking companies to operate a modern bacteriological laboratory on-site to monitor and ...
The REIMS method is unique, in that, while the above-described mass spectrometry techniques specific to the particular method ... than current electroknife procedures Precise antimicrobial therapy may be initiated through knowledge of the bacteriological ... The desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) was the first-MS technique, which allowed non-invasive testing of any objects (or ... The rapid evaporative ionization mass spectrometry (REIMS) is a novel technique that allows electrosurgery cuts with near real- ...
"Bacteriological Reviews. 25: 389-403. PMC 441122 . PMID 14037390.. *^ Vallery-Radot, René (1919). The Life of Pasteur. ... then entitled Cours de Microbie Technique (Course of microbe research techniques). Since 1891 the Pasteur Institute had been ... He is best known to the general public for his invention of the technique of treating milk and wine to stop bacterial ...
Jessica L. Snyder, Heidi Giese, Cheryl Bandoski-Gralinski, Jessica Townsend, Beck E. Jacobson, Robert Shivers, Anna M. Schotthoefer, Thomas R. Fritsche, Clayton Green, Steven M. Callister, John A. Branda, Thomas J. Lowery ...
Bactériologie clinique : techniques de base pour le laboratoire / J. Vandepitte ... [‎et al.]‎  ...
Fine-Needle Aspiration, an Efficient Sampling Technique for Bacteriological Diagnosis of Nonulcerative Buruli Ulcer. Miriam ... Fine-Needle Aspiration, an Efficient Sampling Technique for Bacteriological Diagnosis of Nonulcerative Buruli Ulcer ... Fine-Needle Aspiration, an Efficient Sampling Technique for Bacteriological Diagnosis of Nonulcerative Buruli Ulcer ... Fine-Needle Aspiration, an Efficient Sampling Technique for Bacteriological Diagnosis of Nonulcerative Buruli Ulcer ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Membrane Filter Technique for Bacteriological Examination of Water 4.25/5 (12) July 30, 2010. by Tankeshwar Acharya in ... Membrane filter technique is an effective, accepted technique for testing fluid samples for microbiological contamination. It ... Allows for removal of bacteriostatic or cidal agents that would not be removed in pour plate, spread plate, or MPN techniques. ... Effective and acceptable technique to monitor drinking water.. *Useful for bacterial monitoring in the pharmaceutical, ...
Results of search for su:{Bacteriological techniques.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available items ... Bactériologie clinique : techniques de base pour le laboratoire / J. Vandepitte ... [et al.]. by Vandepitte, J , Engbaek, ...
Results of search for su:{Bacteriological techniques} and location:READING-RM Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to ... Bactériologie clinique : techniques de base pour le laboratoire / J. Vandepitte ... [et al.]. by Vandepitte, J , Engbaek, ...
Bacteriological Techniques. en. dc.subject.mesh. Clinical Laboratory Techniques. en. dc.subject.mesh. Handbook. en. ... Rapid laboratory techniques for the diagnosis of viral infections : report of a WHO scientific group [‎held in Geneva from 29 ... WHO Scientific Group on Rapid Laboratory Techniques for the Diagnosis of Viral Infections; World Health Organization (‎World ... Bactériologie clinique : techniques de base pour le laboratoire / J. Vandepitte ... [‎et al.]‎  ...
The Elements of Bacteriological Technique. John William Henry Eyre * saturate the cake with orange juice to which has been ...
The Elements of Bacteriological Technique. John William Henry Eyre * Colalin is a bile salt preparation claimed to consist ...
The Elements of Bacteriological Technique. John William Henry Eyre * An aspirating needle was introduced, and 16 ounces of pus ...
The Elements of Bacteriological Technique. John William Henry Eyre * Shave the dorsal surface of the ear over the course of the ...
The Elements of Bacteriological Technique,John William Henry Eyre. SEE MORE EXAMPLES. SEE FEWER EXAMPLES. . . ...
Bacteriological Techniques [‎14]‎. Bahrain [‎1]‎. Bangladesh [‎7]‎. Barbados [‎1]‎. Barbiturates [‎4]‎. Barium [‎3]‎. ...
Bacterial Typing Techniques [‎2]‎. Bacterial Vaccines [‎26]‎. Bacteriological Techniques [‎21]‎. Bacteriuria [‎1]‎. ...
Bacteriological Techniques* * Biofilms / growth & development* * Culture Media * Dental Plaque / microbiology* * Ecosystem * ...
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General bacteriological techniques were as described (16). General cloning techniques were as in refs. 17 and 18. ... Bacterial Strains, Plasmids, and General Techniques.. The E. coli K12 strains used in this work are: IBPC5311 [thi-1, argE3, Δ ...
Bacteriological Techniques. Chronic Disease. Humans. Otitis Media / immunology*. Otitis Media with Effusion / immunology*. ...
Bacteriological Techniques * Blood Bactericidal Activity* * Convalescence / microbiology * Female * Genital Diseases, Female / ...
Bacteriological Techniques * Coculture Techniques * Dental Caries / microbiology * Escherichia coli / physiology * Humans * ...
Bacteriological Techniques* * Catheterization / adverse effects* * Catheterization / instrumentation * Culture Media * Humans * ...
Bacteriological Techniques*. Dermatitis, Atopic / immunology*. Dermatitis, Contact / immunology*. Dermatitis, Occupational / ...
Bacteriological Techniques* * Chlamydia Infections / diagnosis* * Chlamydia trachomatis / isolation & purification* * Female * ... Laboratory Techniques for the Diagnosis of Chlamydial Infections Genitourin Med. 1991 Jun;67(3):256-66. doi: 10.1136/sti.67.3. ... However, culture is slow and labour intensive so that non-cultural techniques without these drawbacks have come to dominate. ...
Bacteriological Techniques * Culture Media / pharmacology * Edetic Acid / pharmacology * Enterotoxins / analysis * Enterotoxins ...
  • Invasive punch or incisional skin biopsy specimens are currently employed for the bacteriological confirmation of the clinical diagnosis of Buruli ulcer (BU), a cutaneous infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans . (asm.org)
  • Our results show that the minimally invasive FNA technique offers enough sensitivity to be used for the diagnosis of BU in nonulcerative lesions. (asm.org)
  • This recent development increases the importance of confirming the clinical diagnosis of BU by laboratory techniques to avoid therapy with antimycobacterial drugs when the lesion is not caused by M. ulcerans ( 30 ). (asm.org)
  • As a minimal invasive technique, fine-needle aspiration (FNA), commonly used for the cytologic diagnosis of tumors ( 10 , 11 ), lymphadenopathies caused by trypanosomiasis ( 17 ) and tuberculosis ( 8 , 15 , 27 ), leprous osteitis ( 20 ), or leprotic neuritis ( 16 ), would seem to offer an advantageous alternative. (asm.org)
  • The second purpose of bacteriological services is to contribute to the diagnosis of cases of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. (who.int)
  • However E. tarda can be cultured on specific growth mediums such as brain-heart infusion agar and techniques such as indirect fluorescent antibody testing, ELISA and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) can be used to confirm diagnosis Antibiotics should be used to treat infected fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heterotrophic microorganisms in water samples are susceptible to the transient stress of warmed agar used in the standard methods pour plate procedure, causing significantly decreased recoveries in comparison with a spread plate technique. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In this technique, a drop of the culture on the end of a thin, sterile loop of wire, sometimes known as an inoculator, is streaked across the surface of the agar leaving organisms behind, a higher number at the beginning of the streak and a lower number at the end. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this technique cells are grown in a liquid culture of which a small volume is pipetted on the agar plate and then spread out with the beads. (wikipedia.org)
  • Replicate plating is another technique in order to plate out cells on agar plates. (wikipedia.org)
  • The importance of mechanical instrumentation, irrigating solutions and antibacterial dressings in eliminating bacteria from the infected root canals was studied using bacteriological techniques. (diva-portal.org)
  • While Gram staining is a valuable diagnostic tool in both clinical and research settings, not all bacteria can be definitively classified by this technique. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gram devised his technique not for the purpose of distinguishing one type of bacterium from another but to make bacteria more visible in stained sections of lung tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, he was unsuccessful in his attempts to isolate cellulolytic bacteria from the termite gut because culturing techniques for anaerobic bacteria had not yet been developed, a result that spurred his continued efforts to find methods to do so after he received his Ph.D. in 1935. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, they are not always visible to the naked eye, and sometimes can only be seen through a microscope, or using techniques such as staining (e.g. neutral red for eukaryotes or giemsa for bacteria) or immunofluorescence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robert Edward Hungate was a pioneering microbial ecologist who developed the first techniques for the culturing of anaerobic microbes in his study of the bovine rumen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grouping of at least four EHEC clone complexes, all related to an ancestral enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC)-like strain O55:H7, harboring the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) pathogenicity island, was suggested on the basis of multilocus enzyme electrophoresis, DNA fingerprinting, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based techniques, and sequence analysis data. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition to chemical synthesis, CRD maintained efforts centered on new physical and analytical techniques, chemical structure and reaction mechanism, and solid-state physics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the framework of National Tuberculosis Programmes the first purpose of bacteriological services is to detect infectious cases of pulmonary tuberculosis, monitor treatment progress and document cure at the end of treatment by means of microscopic examination. (who.int)
  • Vaccine was maintained initially through arm-to-arm transfer and later through production on the skin of animals, and bacteriological sterility was impossible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, samples were subjected to culture using standard bacteriological techniques. (hindawi.com)
  • The basic facilities like bacteriological incubators, laminar flow, water baths, pH meter, autoclaves, hot air ovens, micro-centrifuge machine, microscope and gel documentation instruments have been procured in the hub.The objectives of the biotech hub are to popularize the knowledge of biotechnology and its applications among the students and researchers and to train up students with sophisticated instrumental facility with international standard. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the definite benefits and cost-effectiveness of these techniques should be analyzed in a randomized study. (nih.gov)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Bacteriological techniques. (who.int)
  • However, culture is slow and labour intensive so that non-cultural techniques without these drawbacks have come to dominate. (nih.gov)
  • Research expanded into developing hatchery culture techniques, initially on the native oyster, and subsequently, in the 1960s, on the Pacific oyster, work which now forms the basis of the UK bivalve cultivation industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • First isolated in 1960 by Elizabeth O. King, it was not recognized as a significant cause of infection in young children until the 1990s, when culture techniques had improved enough for it to be recognized. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to this note, the category Candidatus should be used for describing prokaryotic entities for which more than a DNA sequence is available but for which characteristics required for description according to the Bacteriological Code are lacking. (wikipedia.org)
  • The techniques of bioremediation of environmental areas as soil, water and sediments contaminated by radionuclides are diverse and currently being set up as an ecological and economic alternative to traditional procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Programmes offered Certificate programme (6 months duration) CTS - Certificate in Tourism Studies CFN - Certificate in Food and Nutrition CES - Certificate in Environmental Studies CPLT - Certificate in Programme Lab Technique. (wikipedia.org)