The functions, behavior, and activities of bacteria.
Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.
A species of TRICHOMONAS that produces a refractory vaginal discharge in females, as well as bladder and urethral infections in males.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are found in the human vagina, particularly in association with Gardnerella vaginalis in cases of bacterial vaginosis.
Inorganic compounds that contain potassium as an integral part of the molecule.
Inflammation of the vagina, marked by a purulent discharge. This disease is caused by the protozoan TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS.
A species in the genus GARDNERELLA previously classified as Haemophilus vaginalis. This bacterium, also isolated from the female genital tract of healthy women, is implicated in the cause of bacterial vaginosis (VAGINOSIS, BACTERIAL).
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
The condition of accelerated and excessive GROWTH in children or adolescents who are exposed to excess HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE before the closure of EPIPHYSES. It is usually caused by somatotroph hyperplasia or a GROWTH HORMONE-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA. These patients are of abnormally tall stature, more than 3 standard deviations above normal mean height for age.
A syndrome of multiple defects characterized primarily by umbilical hernia (HERNIA, UMBILICAL); MACROGLOSSIA; and GIGANTISM; and secondarily by visceromegaly; HYPOGLYCEMIA; and ear abnormalities.
A family of GLYCOSYLPHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL-anchored, cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans that may play a role in CELL GROWTH PROCESSES and CELL DIFFERENTIATION by modulating ligand-receptor interactions.
The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.
A characteristic symptom complex.
A congenital disorder that is characterized by a triad of capillary malformations (HEMANGIOMA), venous malformations (ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA), and soft tissue or bony hypertrophy of the limb. This syndrome is caused by mutations in the VG5Q gene which encodes a strong angiogenesis stimulator.
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.

Acinetobacter baumannii invades epithelial cells and outer membrane protein A mediates interactions with epithelial cells. (1/11)

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A microscope automated fluidic system to study bacterial processes in real time. (2/11)

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pH sensing by intracellular Salmonella induces effector translocation. (3/11)

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Hydration-controlled bacterial motility and dispersal on surfaces. (4/11)

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Oral microbiology: past, present and future. (5/11)

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The physical basis of type 4 pilus-mediated microcolony formation by Vibrio cholerae O1. (6/11)

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Mechanism of the lifespan extension of Caenorhabditis elegans by electrolyzed reduced water--participation of Pt nanoparticles. (7/11)

Electrolyzed reduced water (ERW) contains a large amount of molecular hydrogen and a small amount of Pt nanoparticles (Pt NPs). We have found that ERW significantly extended the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans in a novel culture medium designated Water Medium. In this study, we found that synthetic Pt NPs at ppb levels significantly extended the nematode lifespan and scavenged reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the nematode induced by paraquat treatment. In contrast, a high concentration of dissolved molecular hydrogen had no significant effect on the lifespan of the nematode. These findings suggest that the Pt NPs in ERW, rather than the molecular hydrogen, extend the longevity of the nematode, at least partly by scavenging ROS.  (+info)

A bacterial process for selenium nanosphere assembly. (8/11)

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Bacterial processes refer to the various metabolic and cellular activities that bacteria carry out to survive, grow, and reproduce. These processes include:

1. Metabolism: Bacteria use different types of metabolic pathways to break down organic matter and obtain energy for growth and reproduction. Some bacteria are aerobic, requiring oxygen to carry out their metabolic processes, while others are anaerobic and cannot tolerate oxygen.
2. Cell division: Bacteria reproduce asexually by dividing into two identical daughter cells through a process called binary fission. This process involves the replication of bacterial DNA and the separation of the resulting chromosomes into two new cells.
3. Protein synthesis: Bacteria produce proteins using their own genetic material, which is encoded in their DNA. They use ribosomes to translate genetic information into proteins that are necessary for various cellular functions.
4. Cell wall biosynthesis: Bacteria have a unique cell wall made of peptidoglycan, which provides structural support and protection. The synthesis of the cell wall involves several enzymes and complex biochemical pathways.
5. Motility: Some bacteria are motile and can move around in their environment using flagella or other structures. This movement allows them to seek out nutrients and avoid harmful substances.
6. Quorum sensing: Bacteria can communicate with each other through a process called quorum sensing, which involves the release and detection of signaling molecules. This communication helps bacteria coordinate their behavior and respond to changes in their environment.
7. Antibiotic resistance: Bacteria have developed various mechanisms to resist antibiotics, including enzymatic degradation, efflux pumps, and target modification. These processes can make bacterial infections more difficult to treat and pose a significant public health threat.

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a condition that occurs when there's an imbalance or overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. It's not technically considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI), but certain activities such as unprotected sex can increase the risk of developing BV. The normal balance of bacteria in the vagina is disrupted, leading to symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge with a strong fishy odor, burning during urination, and itching or irritation around the outside of the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis is diagnosed through a pelvic examination and laboratory tests to identify the type of bacteria present in the vagina. Treatment typically involves antibiotics, either in the form of pills or creams that are inserted into the vagina. It's important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have bacterial vaginosis, as it can increase the risk of complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease and preterm labor during pregnancy.

Trichomonas vaginalis is a species of protozoan parasite that causes the sexually transmitted infection known as trichomoniasis. It primarily infects the urogenital tract, with women being more frequently affected than men. The parasite exists as a motile, pear-shaped trophozoite, measuring about 10-20 micrometers in size.

T. vaginalis infection can lead to various symptoms, including vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, itching, and irritation in women, while men may experience urethral discharge or discomfort during urination. However, up to 50% of infected individuals might not develop any noticeable symptoms, making the infection challenging to recognize and treat without medical testing.

Diagnosis typically involves microscopic examination of vaginal secretions or urine samples, although nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) are becoming more common due to their higher sensitivity and specificity. Treatment usually consists of oral metronidazole or tinidazole, which are antibiotics that target the parasite's ability to reproduce. It is essential to treat both partners simultaneously to prevent reinfection and ensure successful eradication of the parasite.

"Mobiluncus" is a genus of gram-variable, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that are part of the normal vaginal flora in women. There are two species, Mobiluncus curtisii and Mobiluncus mulieris. These bacteria are often associated with bacterial vaginosis, a condition characterized by a shift in the balance of vaginal bacteria, leading to symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge and odor. However, it's important to note that not all women who have these bacteria in their vagina will develop bacterial vaginosis.

Potassium compounds refer to substances that contain the element potassium (chemical symbol: K) combined with one or more other elements. Potassium is an alkali metal that has the atomic number 19 and is highly reactive, so it is never found in its free form in nature. Instead, it is always found combined with other elements in the form of potassium compounds.

Potassium compounds can be ionic or covalent, depending on the properties of the other element(s) with which it is combined. In general, potassium forms ionic compounds with nonmetals and covalent compounds with other metals. Ionic potassium compounds are formed when potassium donates one electron to a nonmetal, forming a positively charged potassium ion (K+) and a negatively charged nonmetal ion.

Potassium compounds have many important uses in medicine, industry, and agriculture. For example, potassium chloride is used as a salt substitute and to treat or prevent low potassium levels in the blood. Potassium citrate is used to treat kidney stones and to alkalinize urine. Potassium iodide is used to treat thyroid disorders and to protect the thyroid gland from radioactive iodine during medical imaging procedures.

It's important to note that some potassium compounds can be toxic or even fatal if ingested in large quantities, so they should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare professional.

Trichomonas vaginitis is a type of vaginal infection caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is transmitted through sexual contact and primarily affects the urogenital tract. The infection can cause various symptoms in women, such as vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell, itching, redness, and pain during urination or sex. However, up to 50% of infected individuals may be asymptomatic. In men, it often does not cause any symptoms but can lead to urethritis (inflammation of the urethra). Diagnosis is usually made through microscopic examination of vaginal secretions or a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT). Treatment typically involves prescription antibiotics like metronidazole or tinidazole, targeting both sexual partners to prevent reinfection.

Gardnerella vaginalis is a gram-variable, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium that is part of the normal microbiota of the human vagina. However, an overgrowth of this organism can lead to a condition known as bacterial vaginosis (BV), which is characterized by a shift in the balance of vaginal flora, resulting in a decrease in beneficial lactobacilli and an increase in Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic bacteria. This imbalance can cause symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge with a fishy odor, itching, and burning. It's important to note that while G. vaginalis is commonly associated with BV, its presence alone does not necessarily indicate the presence of the condition.

I am not a medical professional, but I can tell you that there is no specific medical definition for "blogging." Blogging is a general term used to describe the act of creating and maintaining a blog or weblog. A blog is a website that contains regularly updated entries, typically written in an informal or conversational style.

Blogging has become a popular way for people to share their thoughts, experiences, and expertise on various topics, including health and wellness. Some healthcare professionals also use blogs as a platform to provide medical information, advice, and updates to their patients and the general public. However, it is essential to note that any medical information obtained from blogs should not replace professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

Gigantism is a rare medical condition characterized by excessive growth and height significantly above average. This occurs due to an overproduction of growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin, during the growth phase in childhood. The pituitary gland, a small gland located at the base of the brain, is responsible for producing this hormone.

In gigantism, the pituitary gland releases too much GH, leading to abnormal bone and tissue growth. This condition is different from acromegaly, which is characterized by excessive GH production in adulthood after the growth phase has ended. In both cases, the excess GH can lead to various health complications, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and joint problems.

Gigantism is typically caused by a benign tumor called a pituitary adenoma that presses against and stimulates the production of GH from the anterior pituitary gland. Treatment usually involves surgical removal of the tumor or medication to control GH levels, depending on the severity and progression of the condition. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for managing the symptoms and preventing long-term health complications associated with gigantism.

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a genetic overgrowth disorder that affects several parts of the body. It is characterized by an increased risk of developing certain tumors, especially during the first few years of life. The symptoms and features of BWS can vary widely among affected individuals.

The medical definition of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome includes the following major criteria:

1. Excessive growth before birth (macrosomia) or in infancy (infantile gigantism)
2. Enlargement of the tongue (macroglossia)
3. Abdominal wall defects, such as an omphalocele (protrusion of abdominal organs through the belly button) or a diastasis recti (separation of the abdominal muscles)
4. Enlargement of specific internal organs, like the kidneys, liver, or pancreas
5. A distinctive facial appearance, which may include ear creases or pits, wide-set eyes, and a prominent jaw

Additional findings in BWS can include:

1. Increased risk of developing embryonal tumors, such as Wilms tumor (a type of kidney cancer), hepatoblastoma (a liver cancer), and neuroblastoma (a nerve tissue cancer)
2. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) in infancy due to hyperinsulinism (overproduction of insulin)
3. Asymmetric growth, where one side of the body or a specific region is significantly larger than the other
4. Ear abnormalities, such as cupped ears or low-set ears
5. Developmental delays and learning disabilities in some cases

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is caused by changes in the chromosome 11p15 region, which contains several genes that regulate growth and development. The most common cause of BWS is an epigenetic abnormality called paternal uniparental disomy (UPD), where both copies of this region come from the father instead of one copy from each parent. Other genetic mechanisms, such as mutations in specific genes or imprinting center defects, can also lead to BWS.

The diagnosis of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is typically based on clinical findings and confirmed by molecular testing. Management includes regular monitoring for tumor development, controlling hypoglycemia, and addressing any other complications as needed. Surgical intervention may be required in cases of organ enlargement or structural abnormalities. Genetic counseling is recommended for affected individuals and their families to discuss the risks of recurrence and available reproductive options.

Glypicans are a type of heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) that are attached to the cell membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. They are involved in various biological processes, such as cell growth, differentiation, and migration, by regulating the distribution and activity of various signaling molecules, including morphogens, growth factors, and Wnt proteins. There are six distinct glypican genes (GPC1-6) identified in humans, each encoding a unique protein isoform with a conserved core structure but varying in their specific functions and expression patterns. Abnormal glypican expression or function has been implicated in several diseases, including cancer, developmental disorders, and neurodegenerative diseases.

The ileum is the third and final segment of the small intestine, located between the jejunum and the cecum (the beginning of the large intestine). It plays a crucial role in nutrient absorption, particularly for vitamin B12 and bile salts. The ileum is characterized by its thin, lined walls and the presence of Peyer's patches, which are part of the immune system and help surveil for pathogens.

A syndrome, in medical terms, is a set of symptoms that collectively indicate or characterize a disease, disorder, or underlying pathological process. It's essentially a collection of signs and/or symptoms that frequently occur together and can suggest a particular cause or condition, even though the exact physiological mechanisms might not be fully understood.

For example, Down syndrome is characterized by specific physical features, cognitive delays, and other developmental issues resulting from an extra copy of chromosome 21. Similarly, metabolic syndromes like diabetes mellitus type 2 involve a group of risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels that collectively increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

It's important to note that a syndrome is not a specific diagnosis; rather, it's a pattern of symptoms that can help guide further diagnostic evaluation and management.

Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome (KTWS) is a rare and complex congenital vascular disorder that affects the development of blood vessels, soft tissues, and bones. It is also known as Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome or KTS.

The medical definition of KTWS includes the following features:
1. Port-wine stain (capillary malformation): A red or purple birthmark caused by an abnormal collection of blood vessels in the skin, often present at birth and usually affecting one limb or part of the body.
2. Venous and lymphatic abnormalities: Varicose veins, dilated veins, or abnormal vein patterns may be present, along with lymphatic malformations that can cause swelling in the affected area.
3. Soft tissue and bone hypertrophy: Overgrowth of soft tissues and bones in the affected limb or region, leading to asymmetry and sometimes functional impairment.
4. Other possible features: May include skin abnormalities, such as increased hair growth or changes in texture; joint deformities; and orthopedic problems, like scoliosis or hip dysplasia.

It is important to note that the severity of KTWS can vary significantly from person to person, ranging from mild symptoms to severe cases with significant functional impairment. The condition is not typically life-threatening but may require ongoing medical management and surveillance to address potential complications, such as infections, bleeding, or deep vein thrombosis.

Growth disorders are medical conditions that affect a person's growth and development, leading to shorter or taller stature than expected for their age, sex, and ethnic group. These disorders can be caused by various factors, including genetic abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, chronic illnesses, malnutrition, and psychosocial issues.

There are two main types of growth disorders:

1. Short stature: This refers to a height that is significantly below average for a person's age, sex, and ethnic group. Short stature can be caused by various factors, including genetic conditions such as Turner syndrome or dwarfism, hormonal deficiencies, chronic illnesses, malnutrition, and psychosocial issues.
2. Tall stature: This refers to a height that is significantly above average for a person's age, sex, and ethnic group. Tall stature can be caused by various factors, including genetic conditions such as Marfan syndrome or Klinefelter syndrome, hormonal imbalances, and certain medical conditions like acromegaly.

Growth disorders can have significant impacts on a person's physical, emotional, and social well-being. Therefore, it is essential to diagnose and manage these conditions early to optimize growth and development and improve overall quality of life. Treatment options for growth disorders may include medication, nutrition therapy, surgery, or a combination of these approaches.

... is the process by which messenger RNA is translated into proteins in bacteria. Initiation of translation ... When bacterial cells run out of nutrients, they enter stationary phase and downregulate protein synthesis. Several processes ... This process is catalyzed by elongation factor G (EF-G). The deacylated tRNA at the E site is released from the ribosome during ... This process, known as peptide bond formation, is catalyzed by a ribozyme (the 23S ribosomal RNA in the 50S ribosomal subunit ...
... undergoes various different processes. The processes include: transformation, transduction, conjugation ... Bacterial DNA is placed into the bacteriophage genome via bacterial transduction. In bacterial conjugation, DNA is transferred ... Bacterial transformation is carried out by numerous interacting bacterial gene products. Evolution in bacteria was previously ... The importance of evolution in bacterial recombination is its adaptivity. For example, bacterial recombination has been shown ...
Generally, proteins can be secreted through two different processes. One process is a one-step mechanism in which proteins from ... Structural similarity of T6SS with the tail spike of the T4 phage suggest that the process of infection is similar to that of ... Bacterial secretion systems are protein complexes present on the cell membranes of bacteria for secretion of substances. ... Type II (T2SS) secretion system depends on the Sec or Tat system for initial secretion inside the bacterial cell. From the ...
2007). "Evolutionary process of amino acid biosynthesis in Corynebacterium at the whole genome level. [Internet]". Molecular ... The genus Corynebacterium was created by Lehmann and Neumann in 1896 as a taxonomic group to contain the bacterial rods ... Trichomycosis axillaris at eMedicine Natsch, A.; Gfeller, H.; Gygax, P.; Schmid, J. (2005). "Isolation of a bacterial enzyme ... Woese, C. R. (1987). "Bacterial evolution". Microbiological Reviews. 51 (2): 221-71. doi:10.1128/MMBR.51.2.221-271.1987. PMC ...
The synthesis of bacterial cellulose is a multistep process that involve two main mechanisms: the synthesis of uridine ... A number of patents have been issued for processes involving this material. . Bacterial cellulose pellicles were proposed as a ... One of the most important features of bacterial cellulose is its chemical purity. In addition to this, bacterial cellulose is ... In 1949, the microfibrillar structure of bacterial cellulose was characterized by Muhlethaler. Further bacterial cellulose ...
The process was discovered by Joshua Lederberg and Edward Tatum in 1946. Conjugation diagram Donor cell produces pilus. Pilus ... Bacterial conjugation is the transfer of genetic material between bacterial cells by direct cell-to-cell contact or by a bridge ... Classical E. coli bacterial conjugation is often regarded as the bacterial equivalent of sexual reproduction or mating since it ... This process is referred to as "Distributive conjugal transfer." Gray et al. found substantial blending of the parental genomes ...
Yokobayashi Y, et al.. Process for producing bacterial isoamylase. US Patent 3,560,345 dated Feb 2 1971. "ATCC: Bacteria ... Harada T. (1983). "Special bacterial polysaccharides and polysaccharases". Biochem Soc Symp. 48: 97-116. PMID 6400487. ...
This single strand is eventually transferred to the recipient cell during the process of bacterial conjugation. Before this ... Lanka Erich, Wilkins Brian M (1995). "DNA Processing Reactions in Bacterial Conjugation." Annu. Rev. Biochem. 64: 141-69 Matson ... During processing, DNA can be nicked by physical shearing, over-drying or enzymes. Excessive rough handling in pipetting or ... Nick idling is a biological process in which DNA polymerase may slow or stop its activity of adding bases to a new daughter ...
The process of Italian unification culminated in the Second Italian War of Independence, resulting in the Kingdom of Sardinia ... ISBN 978-0-8078-5515-7. Del Negro, Paola (2001). "Bacterial Abundance in the Adriatic Sea". In Faranda, Francesco; Guglielmo, ... Through that process, the Adriatic Sea produces most of the East Mediterranean deep water. The Adriatic's surface temperature ... Only a small fraction of the fish found in the Adriatic are attributed to recent processes such as Lessepsian migration, and ...
Wilson, Perry William (1932). The biochemistry of certain bacterial processes. University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries ( ... From 1952 to 1958, he served as editor-in-chief of Bacterial Reviews (which became Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews ... At various times in his career, he taught courses in soil microbiology, bacterial physiology, history of bacteriology, and ... In a scientific breakthrough in 1949, Martin D. Kamen and Howard Gest (1921-2012) reported that the photosynthetic bacterial ...
"Thousands of microbial genomes shed light on interconnected biogeochemical processes in an aquifer system". Nature ... Bacterial phyla entry in LPSN; Euzéby, J.P. (1997). "List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available ... Bacterial phyla constitute the major lineages of the domain Bacteria. While the exact definition of a bacterial phylum is ... When bacterial nomenclature was controlled under the Botanical Code, the term division was used, but now that bacterial ...
Bacterial GSTs are involved in a variety of distinct processes such as biotransformation of toxic compounds, protection against ... Bacterial glutathione transferases (GSTs; EC 2.5.1.18) are part of a superfamily of enzymes that play a crucial role in ... Bacterial glutathione transferases are not detected in anaerobic bacteria or archaea. These antioxidant enzymes are a part of ... Bacterial glutathione transferases are widely distributed in aerobic bacteria and are classified into several classes. These ...
... is the process in which a segment of bacterial DNA is copied into a newly synthesized strand of ... Bacterial Transcription - animation Video animation summarizing the process (CS1 errors: periodical ignored, Gene expression, ... The process occurs in three main steps: initiation, elongation, and termination; and the end result is a strand of mRNA that is ... Bacterial RNA polymerase is made up of four subunits and when a fifth subunit attaches, called the σ-factor, the polymerase can ...
Most target bacterial functions or growth processes. Those that target the bacterial cell wall (penicillins and cephalosporins ... In addition to silencing essential bacterial genes, antisense RNA can be used to silence bacterial genes responsible for ... Xia J, Feng B, Wen G, Xue W, Ma G, Zhang H, Wu S (July 2020). "Bacterial Lipoprotein Biosynthetic Pathway as a Potential Target ... In acute bacterial infections, antibiotics as part of combination therapy are prescribed for their synergistic effects to ...
Willetts, N; Wilkins, B (March 1984). "Processing of plasmid DNA during bacterial conjugation". Microbiological Reviews. 48 (1 ... To initiate this process, a bacteriophage must first infect the donor cell so that lysis of the cell will occur. At this point ... In this process, the recipient cell is known as the transconjugant. Once the cells come together, fragments of DNA are directly ... This includes the uptake of naked DNA by a recipient bacterial cell to gain the genetic information of a donor cell. This ...
A developing material processing technique based on the biomimetic processes aims to imitate natural and biological processes ... "Bacterial adherence to SiO2-based multifunctional bioceramics". Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. 89 (1): 215-23 ... or accelerating sintering processes. According to the formulation and shaping process used, bioceramics can vary in density and ... 2010) Ceramic Materials: Processes, Properties and Applications. doi:10.1002/9780470612415.ch12 Thamaraiselvi, T. V., and S. ...
... they affect a wide variety of intracellular processes. The T3SS effectors of pathogenic E. coli, Shigella, Salmonella, and ... EffectiveDB - A database of predicted bacterial effectors. Includes an interactive server to predict effectors. Bacterial ... Several bacterial effectors affect NF-kB signaling. For instance, the EPEC/EHEC effectors NleE, NleB, NleC, NleH, and Tir are ... Bacterial effectors are proteins secreted by pathogenic bacteria into the cells of their host, usually using a type 3 secretion ...
Repoila F, Majdalani N, Gottesman S (May 2003). "Small non-coding RNAs, co-ordinators of adaptation processes in Escherichia ... Bacterial sRNAs affect how genes are expressed within bacterial cells via interaction with mRNA or protein, and thus can affect ... Biofilm is a type of bacterial growth pattern where multiple layers of bacterial cells adhere to a host surface. This mode of ... The first bacterial sRNA was discovered and characterized in 1984. MicF in E. coli was found to regulate the expression of a ...
Coltharp C, Buss J, Plumer TM, Xiao J (February 2016). "Defining the rate-limiting processes of bacterial cytokinesis". ... Coltharp C, Buss J, Plumer TM, Xiao J (February 2016). "Defining the rate-limiting processes of bacterial cytokinesis". ... FtsZ is a protein encoded by the ftsZ gene that assembles into a ring at the future site of bacterial cell division (also ... Ur Rahman M, Wang P, Wang N, Chen Y (August 2020). "A key bacterial cytoskeletal cell division protein FtsZ as a novel ...
The process for detecting bacterial is relatively simple. The bacteria are cultured, washed and pelleted. Lysosome is used to ... All the processes after lysis - isolation, purification, fragmentation and labelling of target rRNA's - are stable chemical ... Motorola developed manufacturing processes to mass-produce biochips, and Packard developed and manufactured the analytical ... The fluorescent detection enables monitoring the process in real time with high spatial resolution. The criteria for labelling ...
In both general or pitting corrosion, the breakdown process occurs in aqueous conditions. Bacteria tend to form biofilms as ... Similarly, biofilms are important for bacterial anaerobic corrosion of metals in wastewater pipes. For bacterial anaerobic ... Bacterial anaerobic corrosion is the bacterially-induced oxidation of metals. Corrosion of metals typically alters the metal to ... Thus, bacterial anaerobic corrosion typically occurs in conditions favorable to the corrosion of the underlying substrate. In ...
"Global gene repression by KaiC as a master process of prokaryotic circadian system". Proceedings of the National Academy of ... Bacterial circadian rhythms, like other circadian rhythms, are endogenous "biological clocks" that have the following three ... Johnson CH, Zhao C, Xu Y, Mori T (April 2017). "Timing the day: what makes bacterial clocks tick?". Nature Reviews. ... 2009). Bacterial Circadian Programs. Springer. p. 333. Dunlap JC, Loros J, DeCoursey PJ (2004). Chronobiology: Biological ...
These proteins are involved in active sodium uptake utilizing ATP in the process. TrkH from Escherichia coli is a transmembrane ...
Other bacterial microtubules have a ring of five protofilaments. Tubulin and microtubule-mediated processes, like cell ... consisting of a hollow tube of protofilaments assembled from heterodimers of bacterial tubulin A (BtubA) and bacterial tubulin ... The process of adding or removing monomers depends on the concentration of αβ-tubulin dimers in solution in relation to the ... Unlike eukaryotic microtubules, bacterial microtubules do not require chaperones to fold. In contrast to the 13 protofilaments ...
"Bacterial diversity at different stages of the composting process". BMC Microbiology. 10 (1): 94. doi:10.1186/1471-2180-10-94. ... Changes in bacterial community composition over time in the plastisphere have also been shown to drive changes in surrounding ... Specific bacterial phyla present in the plastisphere due to biodegradation abilities but also play a role in Carbon, Nitrogen, ... The bacterial and microbial communities in the plastisphere are significantly different from those found in surrounding soil ...
The bacterial lacZ gene encodes a beta-galactosidase enzyme. When media containing certain galactosides (e.g. X-gal), cells ... The drawback is that the cells are killed in the process. It is particularly common in plant science. Blue white screen is used ...
... and neoplastic processes. Infectious causes include bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic agents. Prior spinal surgery has ... Other noninfectious inflammatory processes include surgery, intrathecal hemorrhage, and the administration of anesthetics (e.g ...
Infectious causes include bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic agents. Noninfectious inflammatory processes include surgery ... A variety of causes exist, including infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic processes. ... and NSAIDs have limited value to intervene in TNF-mediated processes. An alternative often employed is the injection of ...
The importance of bacterial and chemical activity in organisms. Intermediate Metabolism The chemistry of tissues, intracellular ... The agents governing metabolic processes. Quantitative Metabolism. Addenda. A review of the present status of immunological ...
TEPs provide a surface within the pelagic ocean for bacterial colonies to form. The bacterial colonies associated with TEPs ... Using light microscopy to quantitatively analyze TEP is a slow and tedious process. The use of Alcian blue to stain these ... Bacterial degradation may have contributed to TEP concentration loss. The significance of TEPs in biogeochemical cycling and ... TEPs are formed from cell surface mucus sloughing, the disintegration of bacterial colonies, and precursors released by growing ...
We applied an Escherichia coli-based bioreporter to assess the bioavail Best Papers 2018 - Environmental Science: Processes & ... Bacterial bioreporters are engineered microorganisms that have found recent application as a low-cost method of detecting ... Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2018, 20, 913 DOI: 10.1039/C8EM00071A To request permission to reproduce material from this article, ... Bacterial bioreporter detection of arsenic associated with iron oxides Case M. van Genuchten, A. Finger, J. R. van der Meer and ...
Bacterial Community Structure of Activated Sludge Processes Edited by: Maulin P. Shah ... of various molecular tools to investigate microbial community composition or structure in activated sludge processes. ...
Data Processing and Editing. Vaginal swabs were processed, stored and shipped to Magee-Womens Hospital, Pittsburgh, ... LBXBV - Bacterial Vaginosis. Variable Name: LBXBV. SAS Label: Bacterial Vaginosis. English Text: Bacterial Vaginosis Target: ... LBXBVPH - PH of Bacterial Vaginosis Specimen. Variable Name: LBXBVPH. SAS Label: PH of Bacterial Vaginosis Specimen. English ... PH of Bacterial Vaginosis Specimen. Target: Females only 14 YEARS - 49 YEARS. Code or Value. Value Description. Count. ...
... 72(2). Spendlove, J. Clifton "Production of bacterial aerosols ... Title : Production of bacterial aerosols in a rendering plant process Personal Author(s) : Spendlove, J. Clifton Published Date ... Spendlove, J. Clifton "Production of bacterial aerosols in a rendering plant process" vol. 72, no. 2, 1957. Export RIS Citation ...
Bacterial translation is the process by which messenger RNA is translated into proteins in bacteria. Initiation of translation ... When bacterial cells run out of nutrients, they enter stationary phase and downregulate protein synthesis. Several processes ... This process is catalyzed by elongation factor G (EF-G). The deacylated tRNA at the E site is released from the ribosome during ... This process, known as peptide bond formation, is catalyzed by a ribozyme (the 23S ribosomal RNA in the 50S ribosomal subunit ...
A study assesses the risk for serious bacterial infections in young febrile infants with and without viral infections. ... The Risk for Bacterial-Viral Coinfection Past evidence has suggested that febrile children with viral infections are at lower ... SBI was defined as the presence of bacterial meningitis, bacteremia, urinary tract infection (UTI), or any combination of these ... The risk for a bacterial infection according to viral testing status is shown in the Table. ...
We tested the impacts of bioaerosols on the surface water microbial diversity and the primary and bacterial production rates in ... Article Processing Charges Pay an Invoice Open Access Policy Contact MDPI Jobs at MDPI ... bacterial abundance (3.5 × 105 ± 15 × 104 cell/mL), bacterial production (1.41 ± 0.08 μg C L−1 h−1), primary production (0.60 ... bacterial production per bacterial abundance) was previously observed in a mesocosm study in the southeastern MS [13]. We ...
The US Department of Agriculture has noted that high bacterial loads of Campylobacter spp. on live birds can undermine other in ... 1,000 persons who worked in 2 main processing areas: first processing and second processing. In first processing, birds were ... In second processing, carcasses were rehung, washed, cooled, and packaged. The plant was under the regulatory authority of the ... Poultry-processing plants should regularly review their illness records and work with local health departments to ensure that ...
Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch - Special Bacteriology Reference Laboratory (SBRL) ... All isolates for analysis by SBRL should be sent and processed through the state public health laboratory. Pure bacterial ... Bacterial ID of Unknown Isolate (not strict anaerobe). CDC-10145. Bacterial ID from Clincial Specimens (16S rRNA PCR). CDC- ... Bacterial Special Pathogens Branchplus icon *Laboratory Submissionsplus icon *Special Bacteriology Reference Laboratory ...
The processing of recombination intermediates: mechanistic insights from studies of bacterial proteins (English) ... The processing of recombination intermediates: mechanistic insights from studies of bacterial proteins. scientific article ...
Bacterial overgrowth syndrome (BOS) is a term that describes clinical manifestations that occur when the normally low number of ... This relationship is thought to be vital for normal digestive processes, immunity, and intestinal development. Bacterial ... Enteric bacterial flora and bacterial overgrowth syndrome. Semin Gastrointest Dis. 2002 Oct. 13(4):200-9. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ... Bacterial populations contaminating the upper gut in patients with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth syndrome. Am J ...
Engineering synthetic bacterial lipid rafts to optimize industrial processes. ... Rafts4Biotech is a pioneering project that builds upon the discovery of bacterial lipid rafts and exploits them as a ... This project will explore different bacterial strains in order to compare and define a standardized microbial chassis to fit ... Introducing the concept of bacterial lipid rafts in biotechnology will foster the industrial application of bacteria and allow ...
Impact of the bacterial type I cytochrome c maturation system on different biological processes. / Cianciotto, Nicholas P.; ... Impact of the bacterial type I cytochrome c maturation system on different biological processes. In: Molecular Microbiology. ... Impact of the bacterial type I cytochrome c maturation system on different biological processes. ... title = "Impact of the bacterial type I cytochrome c maturation system on different biological processes", ...
Lipoproteins are important constituents of the bacterial cell envelope and potent activators of the mammalian innate immune ... Overview Publishing Process Editorial Board Scope and Policies Peer Review FAQ Submit ...
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-processes; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Animal-husbandry-workers; Bacterial-dusts; ... Bacterial endotoxins, peptidoglycans, and fungi are potential causative agents, but relative microbial characterization and ...
The QIAamp DNA Microbiome Kit is optimized to isolate bacterial microbiome DNA and deplete host DNA from swabs and body fluids ... Effective depletion of host DNA during the purification process maximizes bacterial DNA coverage in next generation sequencing ... B] To monitor recovery of bacterial species, buccal swab samples were spiked with an artificial sample of 6 bacterial species. ... Bacterial DNA were recovered with higher representation compared to a solution without host DNA removal (see figure Effective ...
Oxidative stress at the bone defect site delays the bone regeneration process. Increased level of reactive oxygen species (ROS ... Oxidative stress at the bone defect site delays the bone regeneration process. Increased level of reactive oxygen species (ROS ... The ceria-functionalized scaffolds show enhanced antibacterial activity against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial ... of Redox-Modulating Nanoceria on 3D-Printed Tissue Scaffolds Promotes Stem Cell Osteogenesis and Attenuates Bacterial ...
Bacterial Ecophysiology and Biotechnology. Section for Microbial and Chemical Ecology. Organisational unit: Group ... PROSYS - Process and Systems Engineering Centre. Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering ...
Broader Impact: drug resistant and tolerant bacterial infections. he/him/his. Office Location: LRB 915. Lab Location: LRB 970 U ... Membrane trafficking is a fundamental biological mechanism required for a wide variety of processes including insulin secretion ... Key Words: bacterial cell envelope; antibiotic resistance; antibiotic tolerance. Research Tools: We use a combination of ... Dan McCollums lab studies how cells sense and process information from physical forces around them. ...
... batch processing for all the samples allows for visual inspection of contaminants. In our study, samples were processed for DNA ... Data processing. QIIME2 α-diversity outputs and ASVs count tables at the family and genus taxonomical level were imported and ... Samples collection and processing. After gentle cleansing only with sterile water of the breasts, each mother performed a ... Bacterial microbiome of breast milk and child saliva from low-income Mexican-American women and children. Pediatr Res. 2016;79: ...
BACTERIAL SENSING, CELL SIGNALING, AND MODULATION OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE DURING SEPSIS. Shock 38 n.3 p. 227-242 2012. Journal ... FAPESPs process:. 06/58744-1 - Sepsis: integrating basic research and clinical investigation ... BACTERIAL SENSING, CELL SIGNALING, AND MODULATION OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE DURING SEPSIS Full text ... In this review, we discuss aspects of bacterial recognition and induced cellular activation during sepsis. Because of the ...
The disinfection process requires surface modification, and no drugs or chemicals, limiting the bacterias ability to adapt or ... Tech Briefs: How is nanotexturing possible currently, and do you think the process will improve enough so that anti-bacteria ... The process of nanotexturing is certainly advancing quickly, and anti-bacteria applications can be easily supported. ... Engineers from RMIT University are making anti-bacterial surfaces that resemble the wings of a cicada or dragonfly. Like the ...
Molecular biology of the cancer process. *Molecular neurobiology. *Genetics and biochemistry of bacterial and viral pathogens ... This allows candidates to delve into areas like organ and tissue regeneration, stem cells and the aging process. Some of the ... These schools undergo a review process every few years to make sure their curricula, faculty, finances and resources are up to ... Antibiotic resistance, vaccine development, bacterial genetics and gene regulation are just a few examples. As you study these ...
Selection processes of Arctic seasonal glacier snowpack bacterial communities. Keuschnig C, Vogel TM, Barbaro E, Spolaor A, ...
The process can be difficult and time consuming.. An RP panel only needs a single sample to run tests for a wide variety of ... Other viral and bacterial tests for respiratory infections are often limited to testing for one specific pathogen. Several ...
Used by meat processing plants and by butchers, it provides serious protection. Made to last forever, with proper care!. ... The knives feature Sanitized Antimicrobial Protection which protects the knife handle from bacterial growth. These knives meet ... We know a fisherman who processes a lot of large fish with this tool. Also for cutting and chopping fruits and vegetables as ... Used by meat processing plants and butchers, this glove provides maximum protection. The large size fits men with large hands. ...
During the submission process you will be asked whether you are submitting to a Collection, please select "Bacterial defense ... Mechanisms of bacterial dormancy and resuscitation induction. *Bacterial persister cell formation and dormancy, and strategies ... Call for papers - Bacterial defense systems. Guest Editors:. Prasanth Manohar: Texas A&M University, USA. Jumei Zeng: Sichuan ... Bacterial defense systems are under constant selective pressure by bacteriophage attack, and they rapidly evolve to combat ...
On echocardiography the two disease processes often have a similar appearance. It is therefore pivotal to also assess the ... BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS. Bacterial colonization of a heart valve will generally produce vegetations that will disturb valve ... Bacterial endocarditis is more commonly seen in dogs than in cats. Based on reported cases in the veterinary literature the ... Bacterial endocarditis generally gives a poor prognosis. Death is typically seen due to heart failure, embolic complications ( ...
... the current standard-of-care antibiotic used to treat serious bacterial skin and skin-structure infections, research shows. The ... Under the GAIN provisions, these drugs receive a priority review status and undergo an expedited regulatory approval process ... Acute bacterial skin and skin-structure infections are among the most common reasons for the hospitalization of adults in the ... New antibiotic proven effective to treat acute bacterial skin infections. Date:. June 4, 2014. Source:. Tufts Medical Center. ...
  • Bacterial translation is the process by which messenger RNA is translated into proteins in bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malabsorption of bile acids, fats, carbohydrates, proteins, and vitamins results in direct damage to the lining of the luminal surface by bacteria or by transformation of nutrients into toxic metabolites, leading to many of the symptoms of diarrhea and weight loss associated with bacterial overgrowth syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • These various data suggest that Ccm proteins may perform one or more functions in addition to Ccm, which are critical for bacterial physiology and growth. (northwestern.edu)
  • The complex examined in this study, the combination of proteins called SIR2 and HerA, was identified along with hundreds of other bacterial defense systems in previous research that focused on genomic analyses. (phys.org)
  • Past evidence has suggested that febrile children with viral infections are at lower risk for serious bacterial infection (SBI). (medscape.com)
  • SBI was defined as the presence of bacterial meningitis , bacteremia , urinary tract infection (UTI), or any combination of these three infections. (medscape.com)
  • As part of a health hazard evaluation requested by plant management ( 5 , 6 ), we report a case series of laboratory-diagnosed Campylobacter infections among employees at a poultry-processing plant in Virginia during 2008-2011. (cdc.gov)
  • NOTE: SBRL does not provide services for select agents, anaerobic bacteria, or culture-negative specimens derived from putative bacterial infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Other viral and bacterial tests for respiratory infections are often limited to testing for one specific pathogen. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The vast majority of infective endocarditis cases in small animal medicine have a bacterial etiology with a higher incidence of gram negative infections. (vin.com)
  • The antibiotic dalbavancin is as effective as vancomycin, the current standard-of-care antibiotic used to treat serious bacterial skin and skin-structure infections, research shows. (sciencedaily.com)
  • A study published in today's New England Journal of Medicine reports that the antibiotic dalbavancin is as effective as vancomycin, the current standard-of-care antibiotic used to treat serious bacterial skin and skin-structure infections. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Acute bacterial skin and skin-structure infections are among the most common reasons for the hospitalization of adults in the United States today, and the associated medical costs are substantial. (sciencedaily.com)
  • For instance, it has paramount importance to reveal bacterial mechanisms underlying antibiotic resistance, or promising approaches for targeted phage therapies against infectious diseases, or novel applications of CRISPR-Cas systems for genome editing and gene therapy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bacterial endotoxins, peptidoglycans, and fungi are potential causative agents, but relative microbial characterization and inflammatory comparisons amongst agricultural dusts are not well described. (cdc.gov)
  • Medicines quality control laboratories (QCLs) that undertake chemical and microbiological (including bacterial endotoxins) testing of medicines are also eligible to apply for prequalification. (who.int)
  • Bacterial colonization of a heart valve will generally produce vegetations that will disturb valve coaptation resulting in valvular regurgitation and development of a heart murmur. (vin.com)
  • Bacteremia is a prerequisite for bacterial colonization of the valve apparatus of the heart. (vin.com)
  • Understanding the diversity of bacterial defense system is therefore relevant for fundamental and applicative reasons. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Scientists have revealed a never-before-seen phenomenon in a protein: Alone, the enzyme processes DNA and RNA but, when bound to another protein as part of a defense system, interacts with a completely different type of compound to help bacteria commit suicide. (phys.org)
  • Other bacterial HHS select agents are addressed by CDC's Division of Vector-borne Diseases ( Coxiella burnetii , Francisella tularensis , Rickettsia prowazekii ) and Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases ( botulinum neurotoxin producing species of Clostridium ). (cdc.gov)
  • Bacterial species usually present include lactobacilli, enterococci, oral streptococci, and other gram-positive aerobic or facultative anaerobes. (medscape.com)
  • Bacterial DNA were recovered with higher representation compared to a solution without host DNA removal (see figure Effective host DNA removal enhances whole metagenome shotgun sequencing results. DNA isolated from buccal swabs using the QIAamp DNA Microbiome Kit or solutions from alternative suppliers was analyzed by whole metagenome shotgun sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq platform. [ A ] The percentage of human-derived reads was quantified and compared between the QIAamp DNA Microbiome Kit and alternative solutions with (Supplier B) and without (Supplier A) host DNA depletion protocols. Without host DNA removal, over 90% of reads mapped to the human genome. Compared to the kit from Supplier B, the effective removal of host DNA afforded by the QIAamp DNA Microbiome Kit resulted in over 90% reads for microbiome analysis. [ B ] To monitor recovery of bacterial species, buccal swab samples were spiked with an artificial sample of 6 bacterial species. Again, the effective host DNA removal achieved with the QIAamp DNA Microbiome Kit increases the coverage of bacterial species compared to a solution that affords no host DNA depletion (Supplier C). "> Effective host DNA removal enhances whole metagenome shotgun sequencing results ). (qiagen.com)
  • It was also reported that a bacterial culture enriched in Geobacter species could reduce nitrate to nitrite by using the cathode as the terminal electron donor [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This project will explore different bacterial strains in order to compare and define a standardized microbial chassis to fit industry needs. (enantis.com)
  • The ceria-functionalized scaffolds show enhanced antibacterial activity against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains. (newswise.com)
  • Febrile Infants: Bacterial, Viral, or Both? (medscape.com)
  • The risk for a bacterial infection according to viral testing status is shown in the Table. (medscape.com)
  • Bacterial overgrowth syndrome (BOS) is a term that describes clinical manifestations that occur when the normally low number of bacteria that inhabit the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, and proximal ileum significantly increases or becomes overtaken by other pathogens. (medscape.com)
  • Whole-genome sequencing allows for finer subtyping of pathogens and reveals evolutionary relationships between bacterial isolates, allowing for more rapid outbreak detection and a better understanding of transmission and links between cases. (cdc.gov)
  • In the United States, local, state, and federal agencies are uploading data on bacterial foodborne pathogens, influenza, and other pathogens to public databases. (cdc.gov)
  • Meningitis can be caused by many different pathogens, but the highest global burden is seen with bacterial meningitis. (who.int)
  • Meningitis can be caused by many different pathogens which include bacteria, viruses, and fungi, but the highest global burden stems from bacterial meningitis. (who.int)
  • The QIAamp DNA Microbiome Kit is a dedicated solution for the purification and enrichment of bacterial microbiome DNA from swabs and body fluids. (qiagen.com)
  • Then, using a combination of mechanical and chemical lysis, intact cells are efficiently lysed and the released bacterial DNA is purified using proven QIAamp chemistry and decontaminated QIAamp UCP spin columns (see figure Purification procedure with integrated host DNA removal. Differential lysis and enzymatic treatment remove host DNA during the purification process, enabling enrichment of bacterial microbiome DNA. "> Purification procedure with integrated host DNA removal ). (qiagen.com)
  • These bacteria were often absent from gram stain smears of patients with other bacterial morphotypes. (cdc.gov)
  • Various etiologic processes can disrupt mechanisms that keep the number of these bacteria low. (medscape.com)
  • Prevalence of bacteria in different parts of GI tract depends on several factors such as peristalsis, pH, redox potential, bacterial adhesion, bacterial cooperation and antagonism, mucin secretion, diet, and nutrient availability. (medscape.com)
  • Studies of duodenal aspirates have not identified any particular bacteria as a cause of bacterial overgrowth syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • Cultures grown from patients with bacterial overgrowth syndrome reveal abnormally large numbers of anaerobic bacteria in addition to normal flora. (medscape.com)
  • Introducing the concept of bacterial lipid rafts in biotechnology will foster the industrial application of bacteria and allow the production of a broad range of novel compounds. (enantis.com)
  • The Flores Kim lab studies how bacteria build their cell envelopes and how antimicrobials disrupt these processes. (umassmed.edu)
  • How is nanotexturing possible currently, and do you think the process will improve enough so that anti-bacteria applications can be easily supported? (techbriefs.com)
  • The process of nanotexturing is certainly advancing quickly, and anti-bacteria applications can be easily supported. (techbriefs.com)
  • The finding came about as the researchers focused on detailing how this defense mechanism works in bacteria that are infected by phages, viruses that invade and make copies of themselves inside bacterial cells . (phys.org)
  • When infected by phages, bacteria opt for death to prevent phages from taking over a bacterial community. (phys.org)
  • SBRL provides reference identification of pure bacterial isolates. (cdc.gov)
  • After using whole-genome sequencing selectively for several years, investigators in U.S. tuberculosis control programs have now scaled up the process to sequence isolates from all culture-confirmed cases nationwide. (cdc.gov)
  • Prompt recognition and treatment of bacterial overgrowth syndrome should be targeted to prevent and reverse malabsorptive processes. (medscape.com)
  • In this review, we discuss aspects of bacterial recognition and induced cellular activation during sepsis. (fapesp.br)
  • Both diet- and genetically-induced obesity altered the expression of genes involved in bacterial recognition ( MyD88 ) and increased inflammation as indicated by elevated levels of cytokines (IFNγ and TNF-α for genetically-induced obesity, and IL-6 for diet-induced obesity). (jcancer.org)
  • Blood cultures lack specificity and sensitivity in dogs and cats and are as a result hardly ever solely relied upon to make a definitive diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis in small animals. (vin.com)
  • For the trial, the diagnosis of acute bacterial skin and skin-structure infection required the presence of cellulitis, a major abscess or a wound infection, all with at least 75 square centimeters of surrounding redness. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Membrane trafficking is a fundamental biological mechanism required for a wide variety of processes including insulin secretion from the pancreas, myelin formation on nerve cells, and cell division during tissue growth. (umassmed.edu)
  • Abnormalities in these mechanisms predispose to bacterial overgrowth. (medscape.com)
  • Through this collection, we acknowledge that research on bacterial defense mechanisms, as well as their potential applications, is rapidly evolving and fundamentally changing the way we understand microbial ecology and evolution, and possibly treat human diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Studies suggest that transient bacteremia is not an uncommon phenomenon in dogs and cats, but still the incidence of bacterial endocarditis is fairly low overall. (vin.com)
  • Bacterial bioreporters are engineered microorganisms that have found recent application as a low-cost method of detecting arsenic (As) in environmental systems. (rsc.org)
  • In an effort to control meningitis worldwide, WHO with the contribution of partners has led an inclusive and participative process to develop a Global strategy to defeat meningitis by 2030. (who.int)
  • 1979. Chemicals and industrial processes associated with cancer in humans. (cdc.gov)
  • The synthetic biomimetic nanostructures, however, vary substantially in their anti-bacterial performance, and research on the optimal shape and dimensions of a nanopattern is ongoing. (techbriefs.com)
  • Fu also envisions a synthetic biology toolbox of the future in which bacterial tricks are adapted into cancer cell-killing strategies. (phys.org)
  • The clinical manifestations of bacterial overgrowth syndrome stem from the increased bacterial burden on the normal functions of the upper GI system. (medscape.com)
  • It will give an insight about an application of various molecular tools to investigate microbial community composition or structure in activated sludge processes. (gazellebookservices.co.uk)
  • By removing host DNA in a sample, the QIAamp DNA Microbiome Kit provides samples with enriched bacterial composition for whole metagenome shotgun sequencing. (qiagen.com)
  • Detailed specimen collection and processing instructions are discussed in the NHANES Laboratory/Medical Technologists Procedures Manual (LPM). (cdc.gov)
  • Under a magnification of 1125X, this photomicrograph depicted a Giemsa-stained specimen, which revealed the presence of the Gram-positive bacterial organism, Dermatophilus congolensis . (cdc.gov)
  • Contrary to humans, most cases of bacterial endocarditis in small animals develop on healthy valves, and most dogs presented with bacterial endocarditis do not have underlying cardiac disease. (vin.com)
  • The so-called breastmilk microbiota contains up to 10 6 bacterial cells / mL and almost 2,000 of Amplicon Sequence Variants (ASVs) under healthy conditions [7,8]. (researchsquare.com)
  • Like the insects, the RMIT-developed material has tiny nanopillars that rupture and kill bacterial cells. (techbriefs.com)
  • however, it was not known before we published our first work in 2012 that nanotextured surfaces can physically kill bacterial cells. (techbriefs.com)
  • The abundance of 19 bowel cancer-associated bacterial taxa were examined by real-time PCR. (jcancer.org)
  • The work also involved developing a system that could be optimised for nitrate removal in applied situations such as water processing in fish farming or drinking water, where high nitrate levels represent a potential health problem. (hindawi.com)
  • The disinfection process requires surface modification, and no drugs or chemicals, limiting the bacteria's ability to adapt or develop resistance. (techbriefs.com)
  • The history and presenting clinical signs combined with echocardiography and repeated blood cultures are all key-factors to help differentiating between chronic valve disease (CVD) and bacterial endocarditis. (vin.com)
  • During a health hazard evaluation, we investigated 29 cases of laboratory-diagnosed Campylobacter infection among workers at a poultry-processing plant. (cdc.gov)
  • We identified 29 cases of laboratory-diagnosed Campylobacter infection during January 2008-May 2011 in persons employed at the poultry-processing plant. (cdc.gov)
  • The video shown below is a three-dimensional representation of the modeled interactions between a rod-shaped cell and the wing surface showing the physical rupturing of bacterial cell. (techbriefs.com)
  • Host cell death may facilitate this process. (lu.se)
  • This relationship is thought to be vital for normal digestive processes, immunity, and intestinal development. (medscape.com)
  • Development of the public health workforce is central to this process. (cdc.gov)
  • Effective depletion of host DNA during the purification process maximizes bacterial DNA coverage in next generation sequencing analysis and allows highly sensitive 16S rDNA-based microbiome analysis and whole metagenome shotgun sequencing studies. (qiagen.com)
  • Important, was the presence of numerous D. congolensis zoospores, which were undergoing the process of germination. (cdc.gov)
  • Two bacterial virulence factors are required for effective induction of apoptosis by extracellular GAS: (i) hyaluronic acid capsule that inhibits bacterial internalization and (ii) secreted cytolysin, streptolysin O (SLO), that forms. (lu.se)
  • Two bacterial virulence factors are required for effective induction of apoptosis by extracellular GAS: (i) hyaluronic acid capsule that inhibits bacterial internalization and (ii) secreted cytolysin, streptolysin O (SLO), that forms transmembrane pores that permit extracellular calcium influx into the cytosol. (lu.se)
  • During the period studied, the poultry plant processed 300,000-350,000 birds per day and employed ≈1,000 persons who worked in 2 main processing areas: first processing and second processing. (cdc.gov)
  • Also the veterinary literature does not contain convincing evidence for dentistry-induced bacterial endocarditis. (vin.com)
  • Preliminary functional analysis suggests that this could be attributed to overrepresentation of amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism bacterial pathways. (researchsquare.com)
  • Rafts4Biotech is a pioneering project that builds upon the discovery of bacterial lipid rafts and exploits them as a biotechnological tool for spatial confinement of reactions of industrial interest. (enantis.com)
  • 1987. Physiologically based pharmacokinetics and the risk assessment process for methylene chloride. (cdc.gov)