Bacterial Processes: The functions, behavior, and activities of bacteria.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Waste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Cytoplasm: The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Biofilms: Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.Skin Aging: The process of aging due to changes in the structure and elasticity of the skin over time. It may be a part of physiological aging or it may be due to the effects of ultraviolet radiation, usually through exposure to sunlight.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Bacterial Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Bacterial Adhesion: Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.Aluminum Oxide: An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions: The thermodynamic interaction between a substance and WATER.Aluminum Hydroxide: A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.Rhodococcus: A bacterial genus of the order ACTINOMYCETALES.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Ferric Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds containing trivalent iron.Probiotics: Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)Bifidobacterium: A rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium that is a genus of the family Bifidobacteriaceae, order Bifidobacteriales, class ACTINOBACTERIA. It inhabits the intestines and feces of humans as well as the human vagina.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Volatilization: A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Fagopyrum: A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is used as an EDIBLE GRAIN. Although the seeds are used as cereal, the plant is not one of the cereal grasses (POACEAE).Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Aerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Foreign Medical Graduates: Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Microscopy, Fluorescence: Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.Coriolis Force: The apparent deflection (Coriolis acceleration) of a body in motion with respect to the earth, as seen by an observer on the earth, attributed to a fictitious force (Coriolis force) but actually caused by the rotation of the earth. In a medical context it refers to the physiological effects (nausea, vertigo, dizziness, etc.) felt by a person moving radially in a rotating system, as a rotating space station. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Morphogenesis: The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.Campylobacter hyointestinalis: A species of CAMPYLOBACTER isolated from the INTESTINES of PIGS with proliferative ENTERITIS. It is also found in CATTLE and in CRICETINAE and can cause enteritis in humans.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Gastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Fatty Acids, Volatile: Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.Microbiota: The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.Hormones, Ectopic: Hormones released from neoplasms or from other cells that are not the usual sources of hormones.

Acinetobacter baumannii invades epithelial cells and outer membrane protein A mediates interactions with epithelial cells. (1/11)

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A microscope automated fluidic system to study bacterial processes in real time. (2/11)

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pH sensing by intracellular Salmonella induces effector translocation. (3/11)

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Hydration-controlled bacterial motility and dispersal on surfaces. (4/11)

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Oral microbiology: past, present and future. (5/11)

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The physical basis of type 4 pilus-mediated microcolony formation by Vibrio cholerae O1. (6/11)

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Mechanism of the lifespan extension of Caenorhabditis elegans by electrolyzed reduced water--participation of Pt nanoparticles. (7/11)

Electrolyzed reduced water (ERW) contains a large amount of molecular hydrogen and a small amount of Pt nanoparticles (Pt NPs). We have found that ERW significantly extended the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans in a novel culture medium designated Water Medium. In this study, we found that synthetic Pt NPs at ppb levels significantly extended the nematode lifespan and scavenged reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the nematode induced by paraquat treatment. In contrast, a high concentration of dissolved molecular hydrogen had no significant effect on the lifespan of the nematode. These findings suggest that the Pt NPs in ERW, rather than the molecular hydrogen, extend the longevity of the nematode, at least partly by scavenging ROS.  (+info)

A bacterial process for selenium nanosphere assembly. (8/11)

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*Defoamer

Foam in process and coolant liquids[edit]. Foam, entrained and dissolved air that are present in coolants and processing ... Bacterial growth. *Dirt flotation / deposit formation. *Reduced effectiveness of the fluid solution(s) ... this might reduce the process speed and availability of process equipment. The main mechanical problem tends to be when foam ... A defoamer or an anti-foaming agent is a chemical additive that reduces and hinders the formation of foam in industrial process ...

*Collaborative intelligence

Cooperative organization of bacterial colonies: from genotype to morphotype. Annu Rev Microbiol. 1998;52:779-806. ... This process has been shown to produce significantly improved decisions, predictions, estimations, and forecasts, as ... Ben-Jacob E, Cohen I. Cooperative formation of bacterial patterns. In: Shapiro JA, Dworkin M, eds. Bacteria as Multicellular ... In the late 1980s, Eshel Ben-Jacob began to study bacterial self-organization, believing that bacteria hold the key to ...

*Cell (biology)

Cell metabolism is the process by which individual cells process nutrient molecules. Metabolism has two distinct divisions: ... Linear bacterial plasmids have been identified in several species of spirochete bacteria, including members of the genus ... In prokaryotes, DNA processing takes place in the cytoplasm.[4]. *Mitochondria and Chloroplasts: generate energy for the cell. ... During processing, DNA is transcribed, or copied into a special RNA, called messenger RNA (mRNA). This mRNA is then transported ...

*Ribosome-binding site

Thus translation and transcription are parallel processes. Bacterial mRNA are usually polycistronic and contain multiple ... This process is not dependent on the full set of translation initiation factors (although this depends on the specific IRES) ... Additionally, some bacterial initiation regions, such as rpsA in E.coli completely lack identifiable SD sequences.[4] ... Mostly, RBS refers to bacterial sequences, although internal ribosome entry sites (IRES) have been described in mRNAs of ...

*Water purification

... desalination processes can increase the risk of bacterial contamination.[31] Manufacturers of home water distillers claim the ... The methods used include physical processes such as filtration, sedimentation, and distillation; biological processes such as ... The treatment process was conceived by Dr. John L. Leal and the chlorination plant was designed by George Warren Fuller.[45] ... the cost of the treatment process and the quality standards expected of the processed water. ...

*Cell (biology)

Cell metabolism is the process by which individual cells process nutrient molecules. Metabolism has two distinct divisions: ... Michie KA, Löwe J (2006). "Dynamic filaments of the bacterial cytoskeleton". Annual Review of Biochemistry. 75: 467-92. doi: ... In prokaryotes, DNA processing takes place in the cytoplasm.[3]. *Mitochondria and Chloroplasts: generate energy for the cell. ... During processing, DNA is transcribed, or copied into a special RNA, called messenger RNA (mRNA). This mRNA is then transported ...

*Microbial corrosion

See also: bacterial anaerobic corrosion. Aviation fuel[edit]. Hydrocarbon utilizing microorganisms, mostly Cladosporium resinae ... nigrificans are involved in corrosion processes. Sulfate-reducers require reducing environment; an electrode potential lower ... Bacterial corrosion may appear in form of pitting corrosion, for example in pipelines of the oil and gas industry.[1] Anaerobic ... Microbial corrosion, also called bacterial corrosion, bio-corrosion, microbiologically influenced corrosion, or microbially ...

*History of California bread

"Microorganisms of the San Francisco sour dough bread process. II. Isolation and characterization of undescribed bacterial ... "Microorganisms of the San Francisco sour dough bread process. I. Yeasts responsible for the leavening action" (PDF). Appl ...

*Adriatic Sea

The process of Italian unification culminated in the Second Italian War of Independence, resulting in the Kingdom of Sardinia ... Del Negro, Paola (2001). "Bacterial Abundance in the Adriatic Sea". In Faranda, Francesco; Guglielmo, Letterio; Spezie, ... Through that process, the Adriatic Sea produces most of the East Mediterranean deep water. The Adriatic's surface temperature ... Only a small fraction of the fish found in the Adriatic are attributed to recent processes such as Lessepsian migration, and ...

*Archaeogenetics

Contamination is another significant challenge at multiple steps throughout the process. Often other DNA, such as bacterial DNA ... This process works by using silica as a means to bind DNA and separate it from other components of the fossil process that ... This process is repeated many times, and is usually repeated a higher number of times when used with ancient DNA. Some issues ... The general process for extracting DNA using the silica-based method is outlined by the following: Bone specimen is cleaned and ...

*Interferon gamma

... the purification process from bacterial expression system is also very costly. Other expression systems like Pichia pastoris ... Biological process. • apoptotic process. • positive regulation of MHC class II biosynthetic process. • negative regulation of ... positive regulation of smooth muscle cell apoptotic process. • positive regulation of chemokine biosynthetic process. • ... positive regulation of receptor biosynthetic process. • positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor biosynthetic process. • ...

*Efflux (microbiology)

Bacterial efflux pumps[edit]. Efflux pumps are proteinaceous transporters localized in the cytoplasmic membrane of all kinds of ... a process considered to be a vital part of xenobiotic metabolism. This mechanism is important in medicine as it can contribute ... Bacterial efflux transporters are classified into five major superfamilies, based on their amino acid sequence and the energy ... Various natural products have been shown to inhibit bacterial efflux pumps including the carotenoids capsanthin and capsorubin, ...

*Monovalent cation:proton antiporter-2

Bacterial Ion Channels. Transport Processes in Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Organisms. 2. New York: Elsevier Press. ISBN 978-0- ... Transport Processes in Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Organisms. 2. North-Holland. pp. 473-499. doi:10.1016/s1383-8121(96)80062-5. ... strain AMB-1 has been reported to be required for synthesis of bacterial magnetic particles. The magA gene is subject to ... Uebe, René; Henn, Verena; Schüler, Dirk (2012-03-01). "The MagA protein of Magnetospirilla is not involved in bacterial ...

*Bacteriophage

For RNA-based phages, RNA replicase is synthesized early in the process. Proteins modify the bacterial RNA polymerase so it ... ICTV classification of prokaryotic (bacterial and archaeal) viruses[1] Order. Family. Morphology. Nucleic acid. Examples ... "Novel Phage Therapy Saves Patient with Multidrug-Resistant Bacterial Infection". UC Health - UC San Diego. Retrieved 2018-05-13 ... With lytic phages such as the T4 phage, bacterial cells are broken open (lysed) and destroyed after immediate replication of ...

*Pseudomonas amyloderamosa

Yokobayashi Y, et al.. Process for producing bacterial isoamylase. US Patent 3,560,345 dated Feb 2 1971.. ... It is available, however, through the American Type Culture Collection[1]. Harada T. (1983). "Special bacterial polysaccharides ...

*Mintek

Improved andalusite recovery process developed. 1986 AS&TS Award for contributions to understanding of the CIP process. Work ... Large-scale demonstration of bacterial oxidation of pyritic concentrates. 1990 First pilot-scale study of atmospheric pollution ... gold process testing and development (CIP, RIP); chloride-based gold recovery processes; carbon regeneration; metal recovery ... 1966 Purlex process piloted. National Institute for Metallurgy Act. 1967 Harmony U plant converted to solvent extraction. 1969 ...

*Rugbrød

Commercially produced yeast will not accomplish these processes in rye flour. Rugbrød is almost always very low in fat, ... The bacteria metabolizes sugars that the yeast cannot, and the yeast metabolizes byproducts of bacterial fermentation. ...

*Mouth ulcer

Bacterial processes leading to ulceration can be caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (tuberculosis) and Treponema pallidum ( ... Bacterial. acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, syphilis, tuberculosis Fungal. blastomycosis, cryptococcosis, ... The high bacterial load in the mouth means that ulcers may become secondarily infected. Cytotoxic drugs administered during ... Opportunistic activity by combinations of otherwise normal bacterial flora, such as aerobic streptococci, Neisseria, ...

*Unicellular organism

Transformation is a bacterial process for transferring DNA from one cell to another, and is apparently an adaptation for ... Sex appears to be a ubiquitous and ancient, and inherent attribute of eukaryotic life.[30] Meiosis, a true sexual process, ... These organisms live together, and each cell must carry out all life processes to survive. In contrast, even the simplest ... However, about 80 different species can undergo a sexual process referred to as natural genetic transformation.[12] ...

*Diatomaceous earth

It is also used to filter water, particularly in the drinking water treatment process and in fish tanks, and other liquids, ... Kay D. Bidle; Farooq Azam (1999). "Accelerated dissolution of diatom silica by marine bacterial assemblages". Nature. 397: 508- ... Spent diatomaceous earth from the brewing process can be added to ceramic mass for the production of red bricks with higher ... The American Diatomite Corporation, from 1935 to 1946, refined a maximum of 145 tons per year from their processing plant near ...

*Textbook of Biochemistry

The importance of bacterial and chemical activity in organisms. Intermediate Metabolism The chemistry of tissues, intracellular ... The agents governing metabolic processes. Quantitative Metabolism. Addenda. A review of the present status of immunological ...

*Glutamate racemase

... is an essential component of bacterial walls. Inhibiting the enzyme will prevent bacterial wall formation and ultimately result ... The two processes have been shown two be unrelated. In order to ascertain the effects of gyrase inhibition on cell wall ... This process, in which MurI helps catalyze the interconversion of glutamate enantiomers, like L-Glutamate, into the essential D ... Murl involves a two-step process to catalyze the glutamate enantiomers to D-glutamate. The first step is a deprotonation of the ...

*Endospore

The process is called sporulation.[9]. When a bacterium detects environmental conditions are becoming unfavourable it may start ... Abel-Santos, E (editor) (2012). Bacterial Spores: Current Research and Applications. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-908230- ... Further information: Bacterial morphological plasticity. Under conditions of starvation, especially the lack of carbon and ... While the rest of a bacterial cell may stain, the endospore is left colourless. To combat this, a special stain technique ...

*Nic site

This single strand is eventually transferred to the recipient cell during the process of bacterial conjugation. Before this ... Lanka Erich, Wilkins Brian M (1995). "DNA Processing Reactions in Bacterial Conjugation." Annu. Rev. Biochem. 64: 141-69 Matson ... The nic site or nick region is found within the origin of transfer (oriT) site and is a key in starting bacterial conjugation.[ ...

*Food web

About eighty to ninety percent of the energy is expended for the organism's life processes or is lost as heat or waste. Only ... "Bacterial biomineralization: new insights from Myxococcus-induced mineral precipitation". Geological Society, London, Special ... The energy ingested is utilized for metabolic processes and transformed into biomass. The energy flow continues on its path if ... This energy flow diagram illustrates how energy is lost as it fuels the metabolic process that transform the energy and ...
Dr Costerton pioneered the development of the biofilm theory of which bacteria grow enclosed in a protective, biopolymeric matrix forming a film that is adherent to solid surfaces (a sessile organism). Together with University of Copenhagens Dr. Niels Høiby, he strongly promoted the view that bacteria in biofilms differ from their planktonic (free-floating) counterparts (Costerton et al., Sci Am 1978).. Dr Costerton published over 700 peer-reviewed papers that provide a solid basis for the understanding of bacterial processes in environmental, dental and medical microbiology. The research led to many industrial and medical relevant breakthroughs, confirming that biofilms cause chronic infections and biofilm implant-related infections represent one of the most difficult-to-treat infections in humans.. Dr John William Costerton died on 12 May 2012.. ...
Agricultural drought - A drought that extends only a short period of time and has noticeable effects on plants.. Aquifers - A rock or soil formation capable of storing and transmitting usable ground water to the surface of the land.. Bacteria (fecal coliform) - a type of coliform bacteria found in the intestines of humans and warm blooded animals that aids in the digestion process and is used as an indicator of fecal contamination and/or possible presence of pathogens.. Baseflow - The basic level of water in a stream or river.. Best Management Practices (BMPs) - Individual methods, practices, or structures designed to reduce or prevent possible water pollution while maintaining economic returns.. Deep percolation - Water that moves below the root zone of plants.. Denitrification - The bacterial process of converting nitrate into atmospheric nitrogen.. Dissolved oxygen (DO) - Oxygen gas (O2) dissolved in water.. Drought - A long period of abnormally low rainfall.. Erosion - the wearing away of ...
Unique bacterial process, trans-translation, has been studied to be an important process in many bacteria. However, there was nothing known about the significance of this process in mycobacteria, especially in relation to drug susceptibility. Consistent with findings in Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, and Synechocystis sp., we found that interfering with the expression of tmRNA and the smpB gene (critical components of trans-translation) in Mycobacterium smegmatis caused increased bactericidal activity of antimicrobial agents that target the ribosomes. Moreover, exposure to ribosome inhibitors increased the expression of tmRNA. This increase was driven by the tmRNA gene promoter which activity seemed to utilize a de-repression mechanism. Not only is trans-translation important to the bacterial response to ribosome inhibitors, evidence from this laboratory suggests that trans-translation is essential in mycobacteria. Thus, we believe that trans-translation may represent a new important ...
SE «Dnepropetrovsk Medical Academy, Ministry of Health of Ukraine», Dnepr, Ukraine The article based on the literature demonstrated a role in the development of cellular immune reactions in response pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The mechanisms described of recruitment and activation of pro-inflammatory immune cells, killing the bacterial processes that ensure effective sanogenesis infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and prevent the formation of a chronic inflammatory process. Key words: pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, bacterial killing, immune cells References 1. Abaturov AE. 2009. Meaning metallosvyazyvayuschih nonspecific proteins in protection of the respiratory tract. 1. Lactoferrin. Child Health. 4(19): 125-128. 2. Abaturov AE, Volosovets AP, Yulish EI. 2013. The role of prooxidant and antioxidant systems in inflammatory diseases of the respiratory. Kharkov, Planet Print: 496. 3. Abaturov AE, Gerasimenko ON, Vysochina IL, Zavgorodnyaya NJ. 2011. Defensins and ...
To talk about hei cha, or dark tea, these definitions need to be kept in mind:. - In Chinese usage, red tea means those fully oxidized teas like keemun or Yunnan dian hongs.. - Black, or dark teas refers to those teas that undergo a "post-fermentation," a bacterial process beyond the realm of processing most green, wulong, and red teas.. - Puer is a class/category of dark teas (hei cha), but only one of several.. - Hei cha has been around for centuries. It was commonly traded with other countries/regions. But today you could ask the average Chinese person under the age of 45 in Beijing or Shanghai, and 7 out of 10 could tell you almost nothing about hei cha.. For more on categories or classes of Chinese tea, see my July post.. So I went to my tea colleagues to hear what they had learned about hei cha.. Bill Waddington (a.k.a. BW) is founder of Tea Source. He has been travelling to Hunan to do detective work on and source hei cha for several years now.. Gingko Seto (a.k.a. GS) owns and operates ...
About the authors vii Preface ix. Chapter 1 Introduction to oral microbiology 2. Commensals and pathogens. Oral diseases. Chapter 2 In the beginning 4. The first microbes. Microbial basis of infectious disease. Miller and the chemoparasitic theory of caries. Oral and dental research. Chapter 3 Caries as an infectious disease 6. Dental caries as a transmissible disease. Streptococcus mutans. Mutans group streptococci. Link between S. mutans and dental caries. Immunity to caries. Chapter 4 General properties of saliva 8. Saliva production. Protective role of saliva. Salivary pellicle. Saliva as a nutrient. Chapter 5 Salivary mucins and agglutinins 10. Composition of mucins. Properties of mucins. Bacterial agglutination. Chapter 6 Secretory Immunoglobulin A 12. Production of S-IgA. Functions of S-IgA. Inactivation of salivary defenses. Development of S-IgA. The window of infectivity. Selective IgA deficiency. Chapter 7 Anti-microbial properties of saliva 14. Anti-microbial components in ...
Oral Microbiology, 5th Edition y Philip D. Marsh BSc PhD, Michael V. Martin MBE BDS BA PhD FRCPath FFGDPRCS (UK), Michael A. O. Lewis PhD BDS FDSRCPS FDSRCS(Ed
This paper examined the local structural properties of Pt nanoparticles on SiO 2, TiO 2-SiO 2, and ZrO 2-SiO 2 supports to better understand the impact of oxide-support type on the performance of Pt-based catalysts. In situ X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurements were taken for the Pt L3-edge in a temperature range from 300 to 700 K in He, H 2, and O 2 gas environments. The XAFS measurements demonstrated that Pt atoms were highly dispersed on TiO 2-SiO 2 and ZrO 2-SiO 2 forming pancake-shaped nanoparticles, whereas Pt atoms formed larger particles of hemispherical shapes on SiO 2 supports. Contrary to the SiO 2 case, the coordination numbers for Pt, Ti, and Zr around Pt atoms on the TiO 2-SiO 2 and ZrO 2-SiO 2 supports were nearly constant from 300 to 700 K under the different gas environments. These results are consistent with the improvements in thermal stability of Pt nanoparticles achieved by incorporating TiO 2 or ZrO 2 on the surface of SiO 2 supports. XAFS analysis further ...
This paper examined the local structural properties of Pt nanoparticles on SiO 2, TiO 2-SiO 2, and ZrO 2-SiO 2 supports to better understand the impact of oxide-support type on the performance of Pt-based catalysts. In situ X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurements were taken for the Pt L3-edge in a temperature range from 300 to 700 K in He, H 2, and O 2 gas environments. The XAFS measurements demonstrated that Pt atoms were highly dispersed on TiO 2-SiO 2 and ZrO 2-SiO 2 forming pancake-shaped nanoparticles, whereas Pt atoms formed larger particles of hemispherical shapes on SiO 2 supports. Contrary to the SiO 2 case, the coordination numbers for Pt, Ti, and Zr around Pt atoms on the TiO 2-SiO 2 and ZrO 2-SiO 2 supports were nearly constant from 300 to 700 K under the different gas environments. These results are consistent with the improvements in thermal stability of Pt nanoparticles achieved by incorporating TiO 2 or ZrO 2 on the surface of SiO 2 supports. XAFS analysis further ...
The oral pathogen Tannerella forsythia possesses a unique surface (S-) layer with a complex O-glycan containing a bacterial sialic acid mimic in the form of either pseudaminic acid or legionaminic acid at its terminal position. We hypothesize that different T. forsythia strains employ these stereoisomeric sugar acids for interacting with the immune system and resident host tissues in the periodontium. Here, we show how T. forsythia strains ATCC 43037 and UB4, displaying pseudaminic acid and legionaminic acid, respectively, and selected cell surface mutants of these strains, modulate the immune response in monocytes and human oral keratinocytes (HOK) using a multiplex immunoassay ...
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A facile and effective photo-reduction approach to deposit Pt nanoparticles on MIL-100(Fe) by using a metal-organic framework (MOF) itself as a photoactive catalyst has been developed. The synthesized samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), X-r
Page contains details about TiO2 nanotubes decorated with Pt nanoparticles . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
MC 224. Microbiology. 6 Units.. The biology of microorganisms that cause disease, including caries, and periodontal and endodontic infections. Microbial structure, metabolism, genetics, and virulence factors; molecular diagnostics and recombinant DNA technology. Pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical syndromes, laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infectious diseases. Innate, humoral and cell-mediated immunity, hypersensitivity and vaccines. Antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal agents. Bacterial infections, including oral manifestations; oral microbiology. Virology, with emphasis on HIV, herpesviruses, and hepatitis viruses; oral manifestations of viral infections. Mycology, with emphasis on oral infections. Parasitology, with emphasis on global public health. Microbiology laboratory, focusing on the human skin and oral microbiome. (57 lecture hours, including independent study hours; 15 laboratory hours. Quarters 4-5 ...
Diagnosis: Although initially I was concerned about a bacterial lymphangitis, I now think this is most consistent with lymphangitis secondary to insect bite rather than a sign of a bacterial etiology. Yeat knows the initial lesions are bites and he feels well otherwise. I suppose a bite could have been superinfected with strep, so the Augmentin makes sense; but it could also be based on another mechanism. There are a few pertinent references including one from the BMJ which Mr. Yeat found (# 2). I am not convinced this is from bedbugs as many types of arthropod bites apparently can cause lymphangitis. Its curious that so few cases have been reported. This may be because the patients appear to have a bacterial process, are treated with antibiotics and get better as they would over a few days even without the medications. It would be important to know if bed bugs have been found in his dormitory ...
BackgroundDNA adenine methylation plays an important role in several critical bacterial processes including mismatch repair, the timing of DNA replication and the transcriptional control of gene expression. The dependence of bacterial virulence on DNA adenine methyltransferase (Dam) has led to the proposal that selective Dam inhibitors might function as broad spectrum antibiotics.Methodology/Principal FindingsHerein we report the expression and purification of Yersinia pestis Dam and the development of a continuous fluorescence based assay for DNA adenine methyltransferase activity that is suitable for determining the kinetic parameters of the enzyme and for high throughput screening against potential Dam inhibitors. The assay utilised a hemimethylated break light oligonucleotide substrate containing a GATC methylation site. When this substrate was fully methylated by Dam, it became a substrate for the restriction enzyme DpnI, resulting in separation of fluorophore (fluorescein) and quencher (dabcyl)
The presence of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in food and drinking water is a chronic problem worldwide. Protecting food against bacterial contamination and rapid diagnosis of infection require simple and rapid assays for detection of bacterial pathogens, including E. coli O157:H7. Here we report a rapid and novel colorimetric method for detecting E. coli O157:H7. This colorimetric method is based on the catalytic oxidation of the peroxidase substrate 3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine by hydrogen peroxide using 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid-functioned [email protected] nanoparticles adsorbed on the surface of E. coli O157:H7. The assay showed excellent sensitivity both with the naked eye and based on absorbance measurements. The absorbance at 652 nm was proportional to the concentration of E. coli O157:H7 ranging from 7 to 6 × 10(6) cfu mL(-1) with a limit of detection of 7 cfu mL(-1). The total detection time was less than 40 min.
Dr. Tiffany Wang graduated from the Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry at the University of Southern California. In her years at USC, she has provided comprehensive care in various settings for pediatric, adult and geriatric patients. Dr. Wangs experiences include surgical procedures, endodontic procedures, operative dentistry, removable dentistry, cosmetic and implant restorations.. Dr. Wang is published in the journal of molecular oral microbiology for her research in subgingival plaque. She has volunteered at the Union Rescue Mission at downtown Los Angeles and international humanitarian programs providing care in Nairobi, Kenya and Ensenada, Mexico. She is also an active member of the California Dental Association and the Chinese American Dental Society of Southern California. Dr. Wang loves talking to her patients and getting to know all her patients on a person level. On her free time she likes to hike, paint and take landscape photography.. "Hello I am Dr. Tiffany Wang and I am passionate ...
A free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it - so you can understand how best to increase its impact.
NORTHBROOK, Ill., May 14, 2014-- Nanosphere, Inc., a company enhancing medicine through targeted molecular diagnostics, today announced that six studies performed by various U.S. and international medical facilities have been presented at the 24 th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases this week.
Stay up to date with real time RMZFF stock quotes, historical charts and the latest financial news and investing data for NanoSphere Health Sciences Inc.
In the conventional non-invasive cancer treatments, such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT), light irradiation is precisely focused on tumors to induce apoptosis via the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or localized heating. However, overconsumption of oxygen and restrict 2017 Nanoscale HOT Article Collection
A free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it - so you can understand how best to increase its impact.
NORTHBROOK, Ill., Oct. 10, 2012-- Nanosphere, Inc.,, a leader in the development and commercialization of advanced molecular diagnostics systems, announced the appointment of Roy N. Davis to the Board of Directors.
Nanowerk Nanotechnology Products and Applications database provides an overview of how nanomaterials and nanostructuring applications are used today in industrial and commercial appplications across industries. Product: NanoSphere
Some adenine methyltransferases have been shown not only to protect specific DNA restriction sites from cleavage by a restriction endonuclease, but also to play a role in various bacterial processes and sometimes in bacterial virulence. This study focused on a type I restriction-modification system (designated yrmI) of Y. pseudotuberculosis. This system is composed of three adjacent genes which could potentially encode an N 6-adenine DNA methylase (YamA), an enzyme involved in site-specific recognition (YrsA) and a restriction endonuclease (YreA). Screening of 85 isolates of Y. pestis and Y. pseudotuberculosis indicated that the yrmI system has been lost by Y. pestis and that yamA (but not yrsA or yreA) is present in all Y. pseudotuberculosis strains tested, suggesting that it may be important at some stages of the epidemiological cycle of this species. To further investigate the role of yamA in Y. pseudotuberculosis survival, multiplication or virulence, a ΔyamA mutant of Y. pseudotuberculosis IP32953
Sensitive sensors must be isolated from their environment as much as possible to avoid disturbances. Scientists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated how to remove from and add elementary charges to a nanosphere that can be used for measuring extremely weak forces.. A tiny sphere and a laser beam inside of which it hovers as if by magic - with these simple ingredients Martin Frimmer and co-workers at the Photonics Laboratory of ETH Zurich have developed a highly sensitive sensor. In the future this device is expected to measure, amongst other things, extremely weak forces or electric fields very precisely. Now the researchers have taken a major step in that direction, as they write in a recently published scientific paper.. Nanosphere in a laser beam. Martin Frimmer, a post-doctoral researcher in the group of ETH professor Lukas Novotny, explains the working principle of a sensor very plausibly: "First I need to know how the object acting as a sensor is influenced by its environment. Anything that ...
Recent advances in the use of plasmonic metamaterials to improve absorption of light in thin-film solar photovoltaic devices has created a demand for a scalable method of patterning large areas with metal nanostructures deposited in an ordered array. This article describes two methods of fabricating ordered 2D nanosphere colloidal films: spin coating and interface coating. The two methods are compared and parameter optimization discussed. The study reveals that: ...
Nanooze. We need to better understand the impact at the human scale of something developed at the nanoscale. Nanotechnology is developing rapidly in many fields because the demand for faster production and greener products is increasing globally. (10+7) In Health Building News, Penny Bonda questions if nanotechnology is making something really safer or better in NanoSphere - Friend or Foe. "Designtex recently announced the addition of Schoeller Technologys NanoSphere to its repertoire of textile finishes, as a replacement for highly toxic perfluorocarbon stain and water repellants…The [Hohenstein Research] Institute tested the biological safety of NanoSphere for possible biological activity (cytotoxicity and genotoxicity and HET-CAM) and confirms that the new formulation passed these tests with excellent ratings." These tests are at the scale of cells (10-6) and DNA (10-8). "Cytotoxicity is the quality of being toxic to cell health. It is typically measured by treating cells in culture and ...
This week, .US has selected Nanosphere as the "Site of the Week." A great example of American-based scientific innovation at its core, Nanosphere is a molecular diagnostic platform that helps hospitals around the cou ... ...
Platinum has been established as the most powerful electrocatalyst for the 4-electron reduction of oxygen to water in acid medium in a conventional fuel cell. The reaction becomes less efficient and its efficiency suffers from the formation of the hydrogen peroxide intermediate at lower Pt loadings or at higher current densities. Recent progress in the area concerns fabrication of electrocatalysts in a form of carbon-supported platinum nanoparticles assembled within organized multilayers or inks deposited on a proton-conducting membrane. Important issues include the stabilization of Pt nanoparticles (to prevent their agglomeration causing decrease of the active surface area), the enhancement of their reactivity (e.g. by modification of their surfaces or by formation of novel bimetallic systems), the interfacial protection of nanostructured Pt from poisoning (e.g. by the development of methanol or CO tolerant systems using Ru-Se nanoparticles), and the activation of metal nanoparticles through ...
An exact full-wave analysis of plane-wave scattering by a multilayer nanosphere is proposed. The code is then used to study the behavior of N-layered plasmonic spherical particles. Our primary interest lies in achieving extraordinary scattering or transparency in the infrared regime by judicious pairing of plasmonic materials and control of the core-shell ratio. Numerical results and physical insights of these extraordinary phenomena are provided. © 2008 American Institute of Physics ...
NanoSphere Health Sciences, Inc. (CSE: NSHS) (OTC: NSHSF), the biotechnology leader behind the patented NanoSphere Delivery System™, today announced the expansion of its CBD-dominant product-the Evolve Formulas Transdermal NanoSerum™CBD with Resveratrol-across Colorado due to co...
The molecular imprinting techniques have been extensively studied for molecular recognition and their potential applications to separation and catalysis. The traditional imprinting method uses the crosslinking polymerization in the presence of a substrate molecule followed by grinding the bulk system to microparticles with an irregular shape. In addition, the imprinting is restricted to a hydrophobic substrate because the polymerization reaction is usually done in the organic solvent using hydrophobic monomers. In this case, the irregular shape and microparticle size might be a concern for microelectromechanical system (MEMS) application as a biosensor. In this study, we investigated a well-defined nanosphere with a core-shell structure for molecular imprinting. The hydrophilic substrates including D-glucose (D-Glu) or L-phenylalanine (L-Phe) were imprinted on the surface (shell) of nanosphere and their binding behavior were investigated. Their enantiomer (L-Glu or D-Phe) binding behavior to the ...
Weve enriched ODAR with technical Primaloft® Gold Insulation Luxe and honed every detail of it; from the sealed stand-up collar to the adjustable hood to conserve your bodys natural heat. Stay warm. Details: Taurex® technology Nanosphere™ technology Adjustable drawstring hood Primaloft® Gold Insulation Luxe Shell fabric and lining: 100% Polyamide Care: Dry clean only Avoid ironing print
Proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are expected to provide a complementary power supply to fossil fuels in the near future. The current reliance of fuel cells on platinum catalysts is undesirable. However, even the best-performing non-noble metal catalysts are not as efficient. To drive commercial viability of fuel cells forward in the short term, increased utilization of Pt catalysts is paramount. We have demonstrated improved power and energy densities in a single PEMFC using a designed cathode with a Pt loading of 0.1 mg cm−2 on a mesoporous conductive entangled carbon nanotube (CNT)-based architecture. This electrode allows for rapid transfer of both fuel and waste to and from the electrode, respectively. Pt particles are bound tightly, directly to CNT sidewalls by a microwave-reduction technique, which provided increased charge transport at this interface. The Pt entangled CNT cathode, in combination with an E-TEK 0.2 mg cm−2 anode, has a maximum power and energy density of ...
A label-free amperometric immunosensor based on graphene sheet(GS)-nafion(Nf)/thionine(TH)/Pt nanoparticles modified electrode is proposed for the ultrasensitive detection of kanamycin. The anti-kanamycin antibody was immobilised onto the GS-Nf/TH/Pt modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) through electrostatic adsorption. TH was selected as an electron transfer mediator, and the synergistic effects among GS, TH ...
PubMed journal article Poly(glycerol adipate)-fatty acid esters as versatile nanocarriers: From nanocubes over ellipsoids to nanosphere were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
TY - CHAP. T1 - PT/mesoporous carbon nanocatalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cell. AU - Hayashi, Akari. AU - Kimijima, Kenichi. AU - Yagi, Ichizo. PY - 2010/1/1. Y1 - 2010/1/1. N2 - Mesoporous materials are attractive because of their highly controllable ordered pore structure, and they are possibly used as catalytic nanoreactors if catalysts are successfully deposited within the pores. Among those mesoporous materials, mesoporous carbon (MC) materials were chosen owing to their high electric conductivity, and Pt was deposited inside the pores in order to apply for electrode materials. MC materials are commonly synthesized using mesoporous silica template, but the resulting pores are 2-3 nm sized and probably not large enough to deposit catalyst particles in the pores. Here, MC with relatively large pores was synthesized through self-organization of a surfactant and carbon precursors followed by carbonization. The obtained MC had 7-8 nm sized pores, and Pt nanoparticles were deposited inside ...
Soft but resilient, our technical outer coat is fitted over a supersoft inner jacket with a lambskin hood. With a classic tailored cut and progressive technologies like Taurex® and Nanosphere™, OGMA brings strong lines with gentle edges. Details: Taurex® technology Nanosphere™ technology Adjustable drawstring at the hips Outer Jacket: 100% Polyamide Inner Jacket Shell Fabric A: 100% Lambskin Inner Jacket Shell Fabric B: 81% Polyamide, 19% Elastane Padding: 100% Polyester Care: Outer Jacket Dry clean only Remove inner jacket before dry cleaning Avoid ironing print Inner Jacket Remove outer jacket before dry cleaning Special leather care
The impregnation method was used to synthesize Pt and Pt3Co supported on MWCNTs applying NaBH4 as the reducing agent. The structure, morphology, and chemical composition of the electrocatalysts were characterized through SEM, XRD, and EDX. X-ray diffraction showed a good crystallinity of the supported Pt nanoparticles on the composites and showed the formation of Pt3Co alloy. The SEM images revealed that the particles of Pt3Co were deposited uniformly on the surface of MWCNT with a diameter of 10 nm. EDX analysis confirmed the surface segregation of Co and Pt occurred (1:3 surface atomic ratio Pt-Co) for the Pt3Co/MWCNT nanocomposite. The Pt3Co/MWCNTs and Pt/MWCNTs electrocatalysts electrochemical performance was assessed against the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) in 0.5 M H2SO4 solution using the chronoamperometry (CA) and the cyclic voltammetry (CV) methods. The minimum onset potential and the largest oxidation current density were obtained at Pt3Co/MWCNTs electrocatalyst. The Pt3Co/MWCNT catalyst
Mission Workshop has some awesome apparel. I gotta get me some of these!! Check them out HERE!. "The Division chino is designed to be hard wearing and long lasting. Constructed using Swiss-made Schoeller®-Dryskin fabric with Nanosphere® water repellent treatment. This durable 4-way stretch nylon fabric is engineered to provide breathability and moisture management in addition to wind and water repellency. All waist sizes feature a 34" inseam.". ...
Prevotella intermedia (formerly Bacteroides intermedius) is a gram-negative, obligate anaerobic pathogenic bacterium involved in periodontal infections, including gingivitis and periodontitis, and often found in acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. It is commonly isolated from dental abscesses, where obligate anaerobes predominate. P. intermedia is thought to be more prevalent in patients with noma. P. intermedia use steroid hormones as growth factors, so their numbers are higher in pregnant women.[citation needed] It has also been isolated from women with bacterial vaginosis. Oral microbiology List of bacterial vaginosis microbiota http://www.oralgen.lanl.gov/oralgen/bacteria/pintnew/ Africa, Charlene; Nel, Janske; Stemmet, Megan (2014). "Anaerobes and Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnancy: Virulence Factors Contributing to Vaginal Colonisation". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 11 (7): 6979-7000. doi:10.3390/ijerph110706979. ISSN 1660-4601. PMC 4113856 . PMID ...
Article Fabrication of highly ordered nanohoneycomb (ZnO/Pt) arrays. The double nanohoneycombs (ZnO/Pt) on glass and Si substrates were fabricated by the two-step process of nanosphere lithography (NSL). The working parameters of the fabrication proc...

Aerobic Bacterial Metabolic ProcessesAerobic Bacterial Metabolic Processes

p>A mathematical model of aerobic bacterial metabolic processes is developed and used to derive the Monod equation, a second- ... an equation relating specific bacterial growth rate to specific bacterial respiration rate, and a rationale for continuous ... Aerobic Bacterial Metabolic Processes by Ritchie D. Mikesell, Chemical Engr.; Mikesell & Assocs., Inc., 11776 Ventura Ave., ... A mathematical model of aerobic bacterial metabolic processes is developed and used to derive the Monod equation, a second- ...
more infohttp://cedb.asce.org/CEDBsearch/record.jsp?dockey=0010648

Bacterial processes and biogeochemical changes in the water body of kettle holes : mainly driven by autochthonous organic...Bacterial processes and biogeochemical changes in the water body of kettle holes : mainly driven by autochthonous organic...

Bacterial processes and biogeochemical changes in the water body of kettle holes: mainly driven by autochthonous organic matter ... we aimed to assess the relative importance of various environmental factors on bacterial and biogeochemical processes in the ... Pelagic bacterial activities and dynamics might thus be regulated by autochthonous OM in kettle holes implying a control of ... Bacterial production, Carbon turnover, Growth efficiency, Ponds, Respiration, DOC quality, LC-OCD National Category Ecology ...
more infohttp://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:1106871

Engulfment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Revealing Distinct Processes of Bacterial Entry by Individual Carcinoembryonic Antigen...Engulfment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Revealing Distinct Processes of Bacterial Entry by Individual Carcinoembryonic Antigen...

Engulfment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Revealing Distinct Processes of Bacterial Entry by Individual Carcinoembryonic Antigen- ... Engulfment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Revealing Distinct Processes of Bacterial Entry by Individual Carcinoembryonic Antigen- ... Engulfment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Revealing Distinct Processes of Bacterial Entry by Individual Carcinoembryonic Antigen- ... Engulfment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Revealing Distinct Processes of Bacterial Entry by Individual Carcinoembryonic Antigen- ...
more infohttps://iai.asm.org/content/72/5/2742.abstract

Detachment and other dynamic processes in bacterial biofilmsDetachment and other dynamic processes in bacterial biofilms

Stoodley P, Wilson S, Cargo R, Piscitteli C, Rupp CJ, "Detachment and other dynamic processes in bacterial biofilms," in ...
more infohttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/13407

Effects of synthetic iron and aluminium oxide surface charge and hydrophobicity on the formation of bacterial biofilm -...Effects of synthetic iron and aluminium oxide surface charge and hydrophobicity on the formation of bacterial biofilm -...

... hydrophobicity and pH-dependent surface charge on the extent of biofilm formation using six genetically diverse bacterial ... bacterial cell attachments to hematite, goethite and aluminium hydroxide were investigated. The aim was to study the effects of ... Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2017,19, 622-634 BibTex. EndNote. MEDLINE. ProCite. ReferenceManager. RefWorks. RIS. ... In this research, bacterial cell attachments to hematite, goethite and aluminium hydroxide were investigated. The aim was to ...
more infohttp://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2017/EM/C6EM00666C

Bacteriophages as antimicrobial agents against bacterial contaminants in yeast fermentation processes | Biotechnology for...Bacteriophages as antimicrobial agents against bacterial contaminants in yeast fermentation processes | Biotechnology for...

Experiments conducted to understand the impact of pH on yeast, bacterial, and phage development showed that the yeast ... in yeast fermentation processes. Their implementation with other common contamination abatement/prevention methods could ... Solomon EB, Okull D: Utilization of Bacteriophage to Control Bacterial Contamination in Fermentation Processes. 2009.Google ... Bacteriophages as antimicrobial agents against bacterial contaminants in yeast fermentation processes. *Juliano Bertozzi Silva1 ...
more infohttps://biotechnologyforbiofuels.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13068-014-0123-9

Monitoring the Bacterial Population Dynamics in Sourdough Fermentation Processes by Using PCR-Denaturing Gradient Gel...Monitoring the Bacterial Population Dynamics in Sourdough Fermentation Processes by Using PCR-Denaturing Gradient Gel...

Monitoring the Bacterial Population Dynamics in Sourdough Fermentation Processes by Using PCR-Denaturing Gradient Gel ... Monitoring the Bacterial Population Dynamics in Sourdough Fermentation Processes by Using PCR-Denaturing Gradient Gel ... Monitoring the Bacterial Population Dynamics in Sourdough Fermentation Processes by Using PCR-Denaturing Gradient Gel ... Monitoring the Bacterial Population Dynamics in Sourdough Fermentation Processes by Using PCR-Denaturing Gradient Gel ...
more infohttps://aem.asm.org/content/69/1/475?ijkey=3ecac5825749da58c662e71a615e6fdcc87db2dd&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Bacterial Scaffolds Assemble Novel Higher-Order Complexes to Reengineer Eukaryotic Cell Processes | Science SignalingBacterial Scaffolds Assemble Novel Higher-Order Complexes to Reengineer Eukaryotic Cell Processes | Science Signaling

Bacterial Scaffolds Assemble Novel Higher-Order Complexes to Reengineer Eukaryotic Cell Processes ... Bacterial Scaffolds Assemble Novel Higher-Order Complexes to Reengineer Eukaryotic Cell Processes ... Bacterial Scaffolds Assemble Novel Higher-Order Complexes to Reengineer Eukaryotic Cell Processes ... Bacterial Scaffolds Assemble Novel Higher-Order Complexes to Reengineer Eukaryotic Cell Processes ...
more infohttp://stke.sciencemag.org/content/4/180/pe32

Probing teichoic acid genetics with bioactive molecules reveals new interactions among diverse processes in bacterial cell wall...Probing teichoic acid genetics with bioactive molecules reveals new interactions among diverse processes in bacterial cell wall...

Probing teichoic acid genetics with bioactive molecules reveals new interactions among diverse processes in bacterial cell wall ... The bacterial cell wall has been a celebrated target for antibiotics and holds real promise for the discovery of new ...
more infohttp://www.brownlab.ca/publications-1/2009/5/29/probing-teichoic-acid-genetics-with-bioactive-molecules-reveals-new-interactions-among-diverse-processes-in-bacterial-cell-wall-biogenesis

Bacterial strain, processed plant extracts, compositions containing same,     processes for their preparation and their...Bacterial strain, processed plant extracts, compositions containing same, processes for their preparation and their...

... industrial processes and apparatuses in which the latter composition is used. ... These processes can be divided into continuous processes and batch processes. In continuous processes, such as a continuous ... Bacterial strain, processed plant extracts, compositions containing same, processes for their preparation and their therapeutic ... Bacterial strain, processed plant extracts, compositions containing same, processes for their preparation and their therapeutic ...
more infohttp://www.patentgenius.com/patent/6500424.html

Home page -             Cell biology of cellular processes occurring across the bacterial cell wallHome page - Cell biology of cellular processes occurring across the bacterial cell wall

Cell biology of cellular processes occurring across the bacterial cell wall We are also exploring the cell biology of cellular ... Pole « Bacterial Adaptation and Pathogenesis » * Pole « Bacterial Adaptation and Pathogenesis » * Epigenetics and Cellular ... Pole « Bacterial Adaptation and Pathogenesis » * Epigenetics and Cellular Microbiology / Helene Bierne * Team members ... Cell biology of cellular processes occurring across the bacterial cell wall ...
more infohttps://www.micalis.fr/micalis_eng/Poles-and-teams/Pole-Systems-and-Synthetic-Microbiology/Prokaryotic-Cell-Development-Rut-Carballido-Lopez/Cell-biology-of-cellular-processes-occurring-across-the-bacterial-cell-wall

Graduate Record, Chapter 9: School of Graduate
Engineering and Applied ScienceGraduate Record, Chapter 9: School of Graduate Engineering and Applied Science

... bacterial processes for waste-volume reduction; chemical breakdown of chelating agents used for cleaning steam generators; ... and heat treating processes. Research in structural mechanics includes automotive crash behavior and aerospace thermal ... manufacturing processes and materials, and (3) management of manufacturing. This program in manufacturing systems engineering ... There is also a departmental program of study which emphasizes computer integration of manufacturing processes in the following ...
more infohttp://www.virginia.edu/registrar/records/98gradrec/chapter9/gchap9-3.10.html

Video 3.2.2: The oceanic conveyor belt - Dr. Gregory Lane-Serff - Water in Earths Climate System: Oceans, Atmosphere, and...Video 3.2.2: The oceanic conveyor belt - Dr. Gregory Lane-Serff - Water in Earth's Climate System: Oceans, Atmosphere, and...

... and Processes. 2000+ courses from schools like Stanford and Yale - no application required. Build career skills in data ... also by bacterial processes.. And in fact most of the stuff that sinks down is remineralized back into nutrients ...
more infohttps://www.coursera.org/learn/our-earth/lecture/kw66s/video-3-2-2-the-oceanic-conveyor-belt-dr-gregory-lane-serff

Christine Jacobs-Wagner, PhD > Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Yale...Christine Jacobs-Wagner, PhD > Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Yale...

Bacteria; Bacterial Processes; Biological Processes Research Organizations. Microbial Pathogenesis. Faculty Research. Microbial ... The bacterial cytoplasm has glass-like properties and is fluidized by metabolic activity. Parry BR, Surovtsev IV, Cabeen MT, ... Alyahya SA, Alexander R, Costa T, Henriques AO, Emonet T, Jacobs-Wagner C: RodZ, a component of the bacterial core morphogenic ... Cabeen MT, Jacobs-Wagner C: Skin and bones: the bacterial cytoskeleton, cell wall, and cell morphogenesis. J Cell Biol. 2007 ...
more infohttp://medicine.yale.edu/bbs/people/christine_jacobs-wagner-2.profile

The importance of laboratory water quality for studying initial bacterial adhesion during NF filtration processesThe importance of laboratory water quality for studying initial bacterial adhesion during NF filtration processes

... Correia- ... File name: The_importance_of_laboratory_water_quality_for_studying_initial_bacterial__adhesion_during_NF_filtration_processes. ... The importance of laboratory water quality for studying initial bacterial adhesion during NF filtration processes. DSpace/ ... The importance of laboratory water quality for studying initial bacterial adhesion during NF filtration processes. Water ...
more infohttp://researchrepository.ucd.ie/handle/10197/4309

Scientists link obesity to gut bacteriaScientists link obesity to gut bacteria

Humans dont use bacterial processes to break down food.. Ruminants have special stomachs, and the bacteria generally breakdown ... The bacterial effect on nutrient/calorie absorption having such a minor effect that it constitutes a rounding error. ... Obesity in human beings could be caused by bacterial infection rather than eating too much, exercising too little or genetics, ...
more infohttp://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/2970286/posts?page=31

Human gut microbiome adopts an alternative state following small bowel transplantation | PNASHuman gut microbiome adopts an alternative state following small bowel transplantation | PNAS

These metabolites represent bacterial processes that can not yet be assigned. Additionally, a range of unknown compounds with ... Bacterial populations as measured by qPCR for each of the 17 SBT patients at all available time points. The bacterial group ... Bacterial Diversity Post-Transplant.. Ileal bacterial diversity was assessed by sequencing the 16S rDNA in ileal effluent ... Both 16S rDNA sequencing and qPCR were used to characterize the bacterial populations associated with SBTs. Four bacterial ...
more infohttp://www.pnas.org/content/106/40/17187.long

SOMA Abstracts in 2009 Student Poster Competition | The Journal of the American Osteopathic AssociationSOMA Abstracts in 2009 Student Poster Competition | The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

Background: Small RNA molecules regulate many important bacterial processes. Apart from RyhB, little is known about the role of ... Bacterial and yeast cells appeared to be distributed differently within the grain: the grain wall was composed of tightly- ... Conclusion: The observed transcriptional changes, affecting many metabolic processes, may be a consequence of mitochondrial ...
more infohttp://jaoa.org/article.aspx?articleid=2093875

Feature Article: Bacterial Counts in Reef Aquarium Water: Baseline Values and Modulation by Carbon Dosing, Protein Skimming,...Feature Article: Bacterial Counts in Reef Aquarium Water: Baseline Values and Modulation by Carbon Dosing, Protein Skimming,...

... and how does that value compare with bacterial counts in authentic reef water? Does carbon dosing indeed increase water column ... 1.3 Bacterial life processes. Bacterial Metabolism. Bacterial metabolism describes the set of chemical processes that allows ... Bacterial growth rates, bacterial carbon production, and bacterial growth efficiency all increase with the addition of organic ... Numerous studies have documented the impact of bacterial action on life processes and energy transduction in natural reefs, as ...
more infohttps://www.advancedaquarist.com/2011/3/aafeature

Microalgae-Based Biofuels and Bioproducts. Woodhead Publishing Series in EnergyMicroalgae-Based Biofuels and Bioproducts. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Biogas upgrading using algal-bacterial processes 13. Synthetic biology of cyanobacteria for production of biofuels and high- ... Nowadays, in the Unit of Biotechnological Processes of IMDEA Energy, her research is focused on advanced processes for biofuel ... Raúl Muñoz completed his Doctoral Thesis "Algal-bacterial photobioreactors for the degradation of toxic organic pollutants at ... It includes information on microalgae cultivation, harvesting, and conversion processes for the production of liquid and ...
more infohttps://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/4080801/microalgae-based-biofuels-and-bioproducts

Frontiers | The Transcriptome of Streptococcus pneumoniae Induced by Local and Global Changes in Supercoiling | MicrobiologyFrontiers | The Transcriptome of Streptococcus pneumoniae Induced by Local and Global Changes in Supercoiling | Microbiology

... which suggests the existence of topological rules that aim to improve bacterial fitness. ... The bacterial chromosome is compacted in a manner optimal for DNA transactions to occur. The degree of compaction results from ... The bacterial chromosome is compacted in a manner optimal for DNA transactions to occur. The degree of compaction results from ... Slager, J., and Veening, J. W. (2016). Hard-wired control of bacterial processes by chromosomal gene location. Trends Microbiol ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01447/full

9780077510589 - Connect Access Card with LearnSmart for | eCampus.com9780077510589 - Connect Access Card with LearnSmart for | eCampus.com

Bacterial Genome Replication and Expression. 14. Regulation of Bacterial Cellular Processes 15. Eukaryotic and Archaeal Genome ... 3. Bacterial Cell Structure 4. Archaeal Cell Structure 5. Eukaryotic Cell Structure 6. Viruses and Other Acellular Infectious ...
more infohttp://www.ecampus.com/connectplus-access-card-learnsmart/bk/9780077510589

Frontiers | Metagenomic Analysis of the Gut Microbiome of the Common Black Slug Arion ater in Search of Novel Lignocellulose...Frontiers | Metagenomic Analysis of the Gut Microbiome of the Common Black Slug Arion ater in Search of Novel Lignocellulose...

... along with well-characterized bacterial plant pathogens. This also revealed a repertoire of more than 3,383 carbohydrate active ... along with well-characterized bacterial plant pathogens. This also revealed a repertoire of more than 3,383 carbohydrate active ... Using metagenomic techniques we have characterized the bacterial diversity and functional capability of the gut microbiome of ... Using metagenomic techniques we have characterized the bacterial diversity and functional capability of the gut microbiome of ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.02181/full

Maisonneuve E[au] - PubMed - NCBIMaisonneuve E[au] - PubMed - NCBI

A microscope automated fluidic system to study bacterial processes in real time. ... p)ppGpp Controls Bacterial Persistence by Stochastic Induction of Toxin-Antitoxin Activity. ... p)ppGpp controls bacterial persistence by stochastic induction of toxin-antitoxin activity. ... Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Vermamoeba vermiformis relationships: bacterial multiplication and protection in amoebal- ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Maisonneuve+E%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50
  • The findings also highlight that cell numbers in the planktonic phase do not necessarily show the extent of cell attachment, and thorough physicochemical characterization of bacterial strains, substrata and the aquifer medium is fundamental to successfully implementing any bioremediation projects. (rsc.org)
  • A prerequisite for undertaking fundamental experimental investigation on NF and RO processes is a procedure called compaction. (ucd.ie)
  • A second objective was to investigate if the water quality used during compaction influences initial bacterial adhesion. (ucd.ie)
  • The compaction of DNA by up to 1000-fold ( Holmes and Cozzarelli, 2000 ) in the bacterial chromosome, or nucleoid, achieves the optimal condition under which its essential functions - replication, segregation and gene expression (reviewed by Dorman, 2013 ) - can be reconciled. (frontiersin.org)
  • A mathematical model of aerobic bacterial metabolic processes is developed and used to derive the Monod equation, a second-order differential BOD equation, an equation relating specific bacterial growth rate to specific bacterial respiration rate, and a rationale for continuous respirometric growth rate control of the activated sludge process. (asce.org)
  • In the water body of ten kettle holes in north-eastern Germany, we measured several physico-chemical and biological parameters such as carbon quantity and quality, as well as bacterial protein production (BP) and community respiration (CR) in spring, early summer and autumn 2014. (diva-portal.org)
  • It includes information on microalgae cultivation, harvesting, and conversion processes for the production of liquid and gaseous biofuels, such as biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel and biohydrogen. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • Obesity in human beings could be caused by bacterial infection rather than eating too much, exercising too little or genetics, according to a groundbreaking study that could have profound implications for public health systems, the pharmaceutical industry and food manufacturers. (freerepublic.com)
  • Experiments conducted to understand the impact of pH on yeast, bacterial, and phage development showed that the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Superstart™ grew in a similar fashion at pH levels ranging from 3 to 6. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These differences in initial cell adhesion rates demonstrate that choice of laboratory water can significantly impact the results of bacterial adhesion on NF membranes. (ucd.ie)
  • Numerous studies have documented the impact of bacterial action on life processes and energy transduction in natural reefs, as detailed below. (advancedaquarist.com)
  • Manufacturing Systems There is also a departmental program of study which emphasizes computer integration of manufacturing processes in the following areas: (1) modeling and simulation of manufacturing systems, (2) manufacturing processes and materials, and (3) management of manufacturing. (virginia.edu)
  • In this study, we used qPCR to assay the bacterial population of the small bowel lumen of 17 small bowel transplant patients over time. (pnas.org)
  • The Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) seeks to understand the processes that control the transfer of carbon and other biologically active elements in the ocean. (nasa.gov)
  • In this research, bacterial cell attachments to hematite, goethite and aluminium hydroxide were investigated. (rsc.org)
  • Research in the area of computer-aided engineering includes investigations of integrative techniques for industrial automation, modeling and simulation of manufacturing processes, computer-aided design optimization with regard to robotics, and heat treating processes. (virginia.edu)
  • Here, we compare the process of bacterial engulfment by a panel of stably transfected HeLa epithelial cell lines expressing each CEACAM receptor in isolation. (asm.org)
  • DNA methylation is essential for normal development and is associated with a number of key processes including genomic imprinting , X-chromosome inactivation , repression of transposable elements , aging , and carcinogenesis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on common principles used in artisanal and industrial processes, Böcker et al. (asm.org)
  • Using metagenomic techniques we have characterized the bacterial diversity and functional capability of the gut microbiome of this notorious agricultural pest. (frontiersin.org)