Nitrate reduction process generally mediated by anaerobic bacteria by which nitrogen available to plants is converted to a gaseous form and lost from the soil or water column. It is a part of the nitrogen cycle.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.
Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.
A group of enzymes that oxidize diverse nitrogenous substances to yield nitrite. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the TRANSVERSE COLON. It passes cephalad from the cecum to the caudal surface of the right lobe of the LIVER where it bends sharply to the left, forming the right colic flexure.
Salts of nitrous acid or compounds containing the group NO2-. The inorganic nitrites of the type MNO2 (where M=metal) are all insoluble, except the alkali nitrites. The organic nitrites may be isomeric, but not identical with the corresponding nitro compounds. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more chlorine atoms.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacteria that occur in water and soil. Some are common inhabitants of the intestinal tract of vertebrates. These bacteria occasionally cause opportunistic infections in humans.
Salts and esters of gentisic acid.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. It cannot utilize FRUCTOSE; GLUCOSE; or MALTOSE for energy.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.
A multisubunit enzyme complex containing CYTOCHROME A GROUP; CYTOCHROME A3; two copper atoms; and 13 different protein subunits. It is the terminal oxidase complex of the RESPIRATORY CHAIN and collects electrons that are transferred from the reduced CYTOCHROME C GROUP and donates them to molecular OXYGEN, which is then reduced to water. The redox reaction is simultaneously coupled to the transport of PROTONS across the inner mitochondrial membrane.
A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A genus of rod-shaped, oval, or bean-shaped bacteria found in soil and fresh water. Polar prosthecae are present and cells reproduce by budding at the tips of the prosthecae. Cells of this genus are aerobic and grow best with one-carbon compounds. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that derives energy from the oxidation of one or more reduced sulfur compounds. Many former species have been reclassified to other classes of PROTEOBACTERIA.
An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
A strictly autotrophic species of bacteria that oxidizes sulfur and thiosulfate to sulfuric acid. It was formerly called Thiobacillus thiooxidans.
Inorganic salts of thiosulfuric acid possessing the general formula R2S2O3.
Inorganic or organic compounds that contain sulfur as an integral part of the molecule.
Processes by which phototrophic organisms use sunlight as their primary energy source. Contrasts with chemotrophic processes which do not depend on light and function in deriving energy from exogenous chemical sources. Photoautotrophy (or photolithotrophy) is the ability to use sunlight as energy to fix inorganic nutrients to be used for other organic requirements. Photoautotrophs include all GREEN PLANTS; GREEN ALGAE; CYANOBACTERIA; and green and PURPLE SULFUR BACTERIA. Photoheterotrophs or photoorganotrophs require a supply of organic nutrients for their organic requirements but use sunlight as their primary energy source; examples include certain PURPLE NONSULFUR BACTERIA. Depending on environmental conditions some organisms can switch between different nutritional modes (AUTOTROPHY; HETEROTROPHY; chemotrophy; or phototrophy) to utilize different sources to meet their nutrients and energy requirements.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
A specific bacteriochlorophyll that is similar in structure to chlorophyll a.
Usually refers to planned scientific data-gathering excursions.
Complexes containing CHLOROPHYLL and other photosensitive molecules. They serve to capture energy in the form of PHOTONS and are generally found as components of the PHOTOSYSTEM I PROTEIN COMPLEX or the PHOTOSYSTEM II PROTEIN COMPLEX.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Pyrrole containing pigments found in photosynthetic bacteria.
Protein complexes that take part in the process of PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They are located within the THYLAKOID MEMBRANES of plant CHLOROPLASTS and a variety of structures in more primitive organisms. There are two major complexes involved in the photosynthetic process called PHOTOSYSTEM I and PHOTOSYSTEM II.
1,3,6,7-Tetramethyl-4,5-dicarboxyethyl-2,8-divinylbilenone. Biosynthesized from hemoglobin as a precursor of bilirubin. Occurs in the bile of AMPHIBIANS and of birds, but not in normal human bile or serum.
The process by which ELECTRONS are transported from a reduced substrate to molecular OXYGEN. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984, p270)
A nitroimidazole antiprotozoal agent used in ameba and trichomonas infections. It is partially plasma-bound and also has radiation-sensitizing action.
A synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent that inhibits the supercoiling activity of bacterial DNA GYRASE, halting DNA REPLICATION.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Agents which are destructive to amebae, especially the parasitic species causing AMEBIASIS in man and animal.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
A complex sulfated polymer of galactose units, extracted from Gelidium cartilagineum, Gracilaria confervoides, and related red algae. It is used as a gel in the preparation of solid culture media for microorganisms, as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions, and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis.
The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
The processes by which organisms utilize organic substances as their nutrient sources. Contrasts with AUTOTROPHIC PROCESSES which make use of simple inorganic substances as the nutrient supply source. Heterotrophs can be either chemoheterotrophs (or chemoorganotrophs) which also require organic substances such as glucose for their primary metabolic energy requirements, or photoheterotrophs (or photoorganotrophs) which derive their primary energy requirements from light. Depending on environmental conditions some organisms can switch between different nutritional modes (AUTOTROPHY; heterotrophy; chemotrophy; or PHOTOTROPHY) to utilize different sources to meet their nutrients and energy requirements.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.

Rhodanobacter lindaniclasticus gen. nov., sp. nov., a lindane-degrading bacterium. (1/439)

Lindane-degrading activity under aerobic conditions has been observed in two bacterial strains: UT26, phenotypically identified as Sphingomonas paucimobilis, and a new single unidentified isolate named RP5557T. The rrs (16S rDNA) sequences for both strains and the phenotypic characteristics for the unidentified isolate RP5557T were determined. RP5557T does not have high identity (less than 90% in all cases) with any sequence in the GenBank or RDP databases. A phylogenetic analysis based on rrs sequences indicated that RP5557T belongs to the gamma-Proteobacteria in a coherent phylum that includes the genera Xanthomonas and Xylella (100% bootstrap), whereas UT26 is clearly separate from the Xanthomonas cluster. Based on the phylogenetic analyses and on the phenotypic characteristics, a new genus, Rhodanobacter, containing a single species, Rhodanobacter lindaniclasticus, is proposed for strain RP5557T (= LMG 18385T), which becomes the type strain.  (+info)

Rubrimonas cliftonensis gen. nov., sp. nov., an aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacterium isolated from a saline lake. (2/439)

Phenotypic and phylogenetic studies were performed with two strains (OCh 317T and OCh 318; T = type strain) of aerobic chemoheterotrophic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria isolated from water of a saline lake located on the west coast of Australia. Both strains were Gram-negative, short rods and were motile by means of polar flagella. Catalase, oxidase, nitrate reductase, phosphatase and urease were produced. The cells utilized D-glucose, citrate, glycolate, pyruvate and ethanol. Acids were produced from L-arabinose, D-fructose, D-galactose, D-glucose, D-ribose and D-xylose. The strains could grow in media containing 0.5-7.5% NaCl. Bacteriochlorophyll a was synthesized under aerobic conditions. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that strain OCh 317T represented a new lineage in the alpha-3 group of the class Proteobacteria. Strains OCh 317T and OCh 318 were identified as strains of the same species because of their very similar phenotypic characteristics and their previously described high DNA-DNA homology. Therefore, it was concluded that the two strains should be assigned to a new genus and species, for which the name Rubrimonas cliftonensis is proposed. The type strain is OCh 317T (= JCM 10189T).  (+info)

Comparative in vitro activities of amoxicillin-clavulanate against aerobic and anaerobic bacteria isolated from antral puncture specimens from patients with sinusitis. (3/439)

By an agar dilution method, the antimicrobial susceptibilities of antral sinus puncture isolates were studied. Pneumococci were generally susceptible to amoxicillin, azithromycin, and clarithromycin, but 17% of pneumococcal isolates were resistant to cefuroxime. Haemophilus influenzae isolates were resistant to amoxicillin and clarithromycin. beta-Lactamase production occurred in 69% of Prevotella species. One-third of Peptostreptococcus magnus isolates were resistant to azithromycin and clarithromycin. Cefuroxime had limited activity against Prevotella species and P. magnus. Levofloxacin was active against most isolates except peptostreptococci. Amoxicillin-clavulanate was active against all isolates, with the MIC at which 90% of the isolates were inhibited being < or = 1 microgram/ml.  (+info)

Ciprofloxacin administration decreases enhanced ethanol elimination in ethanol-fed rats. (4/439)

Many colonic aerobic bacteria possess alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity and are capable of oxidizing ethanol to acetaldehyde. Accordingly, some ingested ethanol can be metabolized in the colon in vivo via the bacteriocolonic pathway for ethanol oxidation. By diminishing the amount of aerobic colonic bacteria with ciprofloxacin treatment, we recently showed that the bacteriocolonic pathway may contribute up to 9% of total ethanol elimination in naive rats. In the current study we evaluated the role of the bacteriocolonic pathway in enhanced ethanol metabolism following chronic alcohol administration by diminishing the amount of gut aerobic flora by ciprofloxacin treatment. We found that ciprofloxacin treatment totally abolished the enhancement in ethanol elimination rate (EER) caused by chronic alcohol administration and significantly diminished the amount of colonic aerobic bacteria and faecal ADH activity. However, ciprofloxacin treatment had no significant effects on the hepatic microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system, hepatic ADH activity or plasma endotoxin level. Our data suggest that the decrease in the amount of the aerobic colonic bacteria and in faecal ADH activity by ciprofloxacin is primarily responsible for the decrease in the enhanced EER in rats fed alcohol chronically. Extrahepatic ethanol metabolism by gastrointestinal bacteria may therefore contribute significantly to enhanced EER.  (+info)

In vitro antibacterial properties of pexiganan, an analog of magainin. (5/439)

Pexiganan, a 22-amino-acid antimicrobial peptide, is an analog of the magainin peptides isolated from the skin of the African clawed frog. Pexiganan exhibited in vitro broad-spectrum antibacterial activity when it was tested against 3,109 clinical isolates of gram-positive and gram-negative, anaerobic and aerobic bacteria. The pexiganan MIC at which 90% of isolates are inhibited (MIC90) was 32 micrograms/ml or less for Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Enterococcus faecium, Corynebacterium spp., Pseudomonas spp., Acinetobacter spp., Stenotrophomonas spp., certain species of the family Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteroides spp., Peptostreptococcus spp., and Propionibacterium spp. Comparison of the MICs and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of pexiganan for 143 isolates representing 32 species demonstrated that for 92% of the isolates tested, MBCs were the same or within 1 twofold difference of the MICs, consistent with a bactericidal mechanism of action. Killing curve analysis showed that pexiganan killed Pseudomonas aeruginosa rapidly, with 10(6) organisms/ml eliminated within 20 min of treatment with 16 micrograms of pexiganan per ml. No evidence of cross-resistance to a number of other antibiotic classes was observed, as determined by the equivalence of the MIC50s and the MIC90s of pexiganan for strains resistant to oxacillin, cefazolin, cefoxitin, imipenem, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, and clindamicin versus those for strains susceptible to these antimicrobial agents. Attempts to generate resistance in several bacterial species through repeated passage with subinhibitory concentrations of pexiganan were unsuccessful. In conclusion, pexiganan exhibits properties in vitro which make it an attractive candidate for development as a topical antimicrobial agent.  (+info)

Stool microflora in extremely low birthweight infants. (6/439)

AIM: To serially characterise aerobic and anaerobic stool microflora in extremely low birthweight infants and to correlate colonisation patterns with clinical risk factors. METHODS: Stool specimens from 29 infants of birthweight <1000 g were collected on days 10, 20, and 30 after birth. Quantitative aerobic and anaerobic cultures were performed. RESULTS: By day 30, predominant species were Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterbacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus haemolyticus. Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria spp were identified in only one infant. In breast milk fed (but not in formula fed) infants, the total number of bacterial species/stool specimen increased significantly with time (2.50 (SE 0.34) on day 10; 3.13 (0.38) on day 20; 4.27 (0.45) on day 30) as did quantitative bacterial counts; Gram negative species accounted for most of the increase. On day 30, significant inverse correlations were found between days of previous antibiotic treatment and number of bacterial species (r=0.491) and total organisms/g of stool (r=0.482). Gestational age, birthweight, maternal antibiotic or steroid treatment, prolonged rupture of the membranes, and mode of delivery did not seem to affect colonisation patterns. CONCLUSIONS: The gut of extremely low birthweight infants is colonised by a paucity of bacterial species. Breast milking and reduction of antibiotic exposure are critical to increasing fecal microbial diversity.  (+info)

Susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide and catalase activity of root nodule bacteria. (7/439)

The root nodule bacteria (free-living cells) tested had higher susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) than the other genera of aerobic or facultative anaerobic bacteria tested. The catalase activities tended to have a positive correlation with H2O2 resistance among all bacteria tested. Addition of a catalase inhibitor such as 3-amino-1, 2, 4-triazole increased the susceptibility to H2O2. These results suggest that the lower catalase activity brings about the higher susceptibility of root nodule bacteria to H2O2. Root nodule bacteria seemed to have two or three catalase isozymes during growth and their catalase activities were higher in log phase than in stationary phase, contrary to other genera of bacteria tested.  (+info)

Removal of cadmium from scallop hepatopancreas by microbial processes. (8/439)

A microbial process for removing cadmium from a homogenate of hepatopancreas, a waste of scallop processing, was devised to use this waste for value-added protein resources. Microorganisms were screened on the basis of the ability to remove cadmium from a medium with the initial concentration of 10 mg/l of cadmium. One soil isolate, identified as Xanthomonas sp. UR No. 2 by its taxonomical characteristics, removed 98% of the cadmium in the medium in 2 d. During cultivation of this strain in the homogenates of hepatopancreas digested by endopeptidases, 90% of cadmium was removed, while this strain had little effect on the simple non-digested homogenates. The mass balance of cadmium during homogenizations of the hepatopancreas tissues and cultivations in the protease-treated homogenate were examined. The content of crude proteins of culture supernatant treated by Xanthomonas sp. UR No. 2 was equivalent to those of various feedstuffs on the market.  (+info)

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The Decomposition of Aliphatic Esters by Aerobic Microorganisms W. D. LANGLEY, Engineering Research Associate W. B. DAVIS, Associate Professor and Head P. A. RICHARDS, Captain, USAF Environmental Engineering Division Civil Engineering Department Texas A&M University College Station, Texas INTRODUCTION Based on its ability to resolve and quantitatively analyze the various components of a multi-component system, gas chromatography is a valuable analytical technique for industrial wastewater characterization and treatment studies. Used in conjunction with the hydrogen flame ionization detector and with proper selection of operating variables the technique is capable of precise analysis of volatile organics in water solution at the part per million level without prior sample preparation. The technique and some of its applications to industrial wastes have been thoroughly described by Baker (1, 2). It has been shown to be of practical value in monitoring process waste streams and treatment plant ...
We hypothesized that the beneficial effects of early enteral compared with parenteral feeding are related to the increased variety of aerobic microorganisms that colonize the gut. Our aim was to describe the relationship, first, between the type of feeding and mucosal colonization and, second, betwe …
Anaerobe Systems manufactures anaerobic chambers, anaerobic tubes,anaerobic plates,anaerobic transport media, custom formulations, disks, and reagents for anaerobic diagnostic laboratories. Anaerobe Systems produces the only true Pre-Reduced Anaerobically Sterilized (PRAS) plated and tubed culture media in the USA. Anaerobe Systems also offers anaerobe chamber training seminars, advanced anaerobic microbiology courses and anaerobic microbiology workshops. The Anaerobe Systems website contains descriptions, pricing and ordering information for anaerobic chambers, agars, broths and transport media needed in the anaerobic diagnostic laboratory, as well as information on anaerobic microbiology education.
Looking for aerobic bacteria? Find out information about aerobic bacteria. Any bacteria requiring free oxygen for the metabolic breakdown of materials Explanation of aerobic bacteria
Sterility testing The sterility of all sterile products produced in accordance with GMP must be tested regularly. However, not all sterility testing methods are equivalent. Quality, convenience and application may vary significantly, affecting the reliability of results. False negative results may be related to the release of contaminated products and can have serious consequences for both patients and manufacturers. On the other hand, cross-contamination and false-positive results would mean long, costly tests, as well as the product delays or rejection. Merck offers a solution for sterility testing: closed membrane filtration system and a wide range of culture media and rinse buffers suitable for all sterility tests. Microbiological testing Bioburden testing is used for detection of viable aerobic microorganisms that are found in raw materials or final product, which has not been sterilized. The bioburden test is carried out in two stages. The total count of aerobic microorganisms, as well as ...
Curated}} {{Biorealm Genus}} [[Image:e_ezovicum.png,frame,right,Erythromicrobium ezovicum Image from [http://141.150.157.117:8080/prokPUB/chaphtm/309/COMPLETE.htm V. V. Yurkov, Aerobic Phototrophic Proteobacteria, March, 2001. Springer-Verlag New York, LLC.]]] ==Classification== ===Higher order taxa:=== Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Sphingomonadales; Erythrobacteraceae ===Species:=== Erythromicrobium ezovicum, E. hydrolyticum, E. ramosum, Erythromicrobium sp. {, , height=10 bgcolor=#FFDF95 , NCBI: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?id=35810 Taxonomy] ,} ==Description and Significance== Despite the presence of bacteriochlorophyll a (Bchl a), Erythromicrobium is not capable of growing photosynthetically, which distinguishes the bacterium from other Bchl a-containing groups. Other main features include low levels of photosynthetic units in cells and strong inhibition by light of Bchl a synthesis (Yurkov et al). Due to the ...
NOLA, Moïse et al. Assessment of in-situ abundance dynamics of enterobacteria and total heterotrophic aerobic bacteria in groundwater in the equatorial region of Central Africa. Water SA [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.5, pp.737-746. ISSN 1816-7950.. The main purpose of this investigation was to assess, in situ, the hourly abundance dynamics of enterobacteria and total heterotrophic aerobic bacteria (THAB), over a daily period, in 3 wells in Yaounde region, Cameroon. Sampling was done weekly, for 4 months. Water samples were collected in sterile glass bottles and incubated in situ for 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 8 h, 10 h and 12 h. Isolation and enumeration of enterobacteria and THAB were performed on MacConkey agar (Bio-Rad) and standard agar (Bio-Rad) media, respectively, using the plate count method. Using a linear regression model, ln(number of CFUs) was plotted against time. The slope of each regression line was considered as the apparent increase or decrease in cell number. Concentrations of THAB and ...
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None of the seven GBs had all genes required for synthesizing all amino acids and vitamins, hinting at complex interdependencies among microorganisms in this oil reservoir (Fig. 5), similar to what has been described for communities of both long- and short-chain hydrocarbon-degrading communities from enrichment cultures [20, 22]. The absence of microbial members that synthesize specific vitamins and amino acids in the aerobic and anaerobic communities suggested that additional partners are needed for these communities to thrive. According to the result, intertwined dependencies based on amino acid auxotrophy thus seem to be more prevalent in the anoxic community. Interestingly, amino acids auxotrophies in the aerobic microorganisms were not as dominant as in the anaerobic microorganisms. Reduced energy yields for microorganisms growing with hydrocarbons under anoxic conditions compared to oxic conditions might be responsible for dominant amino acid auxotrophies observed here and in a previous ...
As we can observed, the areas are more distinct than the previous time we saw the column As noted, at the bottom we can still notice a dark area due to anaerobic microorganisms and at the top we can also notice a green area due to aerobic microorganisms.The black coloured area at the bottom of the column is due to the presence of iron sulfide which degrades organic matter thus we can notice that black colour . In addition, a small pick coloured area can be observed in the middle region of the column and that is due to a substance produced by purple sulfur bacteria which are responsible for that pink colour. ...
Despite the fact that up to 80 percent of us will experience the living nightmare that is acne at some point in our lives, scientists still dont really understand what causes the condition, and more importantly, how to stop it. 
Discussion and conclusions.PCR is generally considered to be the most sensitive means of determining whether a fecal specimen or a food sample contains STEC. Although direct extracts of feces or foods can be used as templates for PCR, the best results are usually obtained by testing extracts of primary broth cultures (3, 14, 27). Broth enrichment serves two purposes: inhibitors in the sample are diluted, and bacterial growth increases the number of copies of the target sequence. Sensitivity is important when testing fecal samples, because although STEC numbers may be very high in the early stages of infection, they may drop dramatically as disease progresses. Sensitivity is also particularly important when testing suspected foods because, at least for certain O111 and O157 STEC strains, the infectious dose for humans may be of the order of 1 to 10 CFU (17,28). Thus, foods destined to be consumed without further cooking or processing need to be totally free of such STEC strains. Some of the PCR ...
The NSF Microbiology Lab offers testing & consulting in aerobic/anaerobic microbiology, cellular/molecular biology, mycology, virology & parasitology.
The NSF Microbiology Lab offers testing & consulting in aerobic/anaerobic microbiology, cellular/molecular biology, mycology, virology & parasitology.
Aerobic microorganisms. Determination in foods at 37 °C, 30 °C, 25 °C, 20 °C, 17/7 °C or 6.5 °C by the colony count method. (NMKL 86, 5. Ed., 2013 ...
Microbiological Examination tests, has outlined in USP 61 and 62 are intended to determine whether a substance or preparation complies with an established specifications for microbiological quality and are designed to allow determination of the absence of or limited occurrence of specified microorganisms that may be detected under the conditions described in the procedure. These tests methods can be applied to pharmaceuticals articles, both finished and raw materials, and may also be useful for evaluating the presence of organisms on select materials used in some medical devices or biologics. It is designed to provide an estimate of the number of viable aerobic microorganisms, both bacteria and fungus, and / or to screen for specific target microbial species ...
Patent pending Eco-tabs Grease Trap Tablets are solid, sustained release tablets which provide active oxygen, nutrients, buffers and safe aerobic microorganisms to help clean, deodorize and keep grease trap systems running efficiently with reduced downtime. ecotabs has developed this enhanced aerobic grease mitigation and digestion technology to address the challenges of grease traps operating under a variety of conditions in restaurant, food service and food processing plant applications. Eco-tabs are designed to clean an entire trap; not just the grease and fat on the traps surface. Eco-tabs built in effervescent action, releases active oxygen and effectively boosts the growth of grease busting bacteria and enzymes throughout the entire grease trap system. Eco-tabs also successfully treat grease trap bottom sediment through their effervescent active oxygen action. ...
The invention comprises a multi-chamber module-cap combination useful for measuring the impedance of samples of nutrient media in the chambers thereof, some of which samples include aerobic microorganisms. The module comprises a printed circuit board having a plurality of hollow cylinders upraised from one side thereof. The conductors of the circuitry provide a pair of spaced-apart contacts under each of the cylinders. The cylinders, before being sealed to the boards, are open at both ends so that the spaced-apart contacts are exposed within the chamber formed by the cylinders and the one side of the board. Caps are provided in combination with the board-cylinder structure, the caps serving to fit over the cylinders, the skirts of the caps being sufficiently long to extend against the one side of the board so that a gap exists between the tops of the caps and the tops of the cylinders. Interiorly of the skirts are a plurality of generally evenly spaced longitudinally placed upraised ribs. When the caps
Identify Diagnostics USA, and Identify Health drug testing cups provide accurate point of care urinalysis at great prices. 12 panel drug test cups as well as many other configurations are available.
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By picking up genetic material that contains instructions that code for antibiotic resistance. This genetic material can come from viruses, other bacterial cells or plasmids, which are loops of DNA in a bacterial cell that are separate from its chromosome (bacteria only have one single chromosome, unlike us humans who have 23 pairs in each cell). These plasmids can move from bacteria to bacteria, picking up and depositing bits of genetic material as they go. If the plasmid contains a bit of genetic material that codes for antibiotic resistance this can be spread to many other bacteria. ...
Call your Dr. and tell him antibiotic is not working on you. You would like him to call in Biaxin, 500 mg. take two a day . It will begin to help right away b/c it is in a diff. category than most. It attacks the bad bacteria only and attaches to each one, not letting go , and fights it until dead. Most work by trying to kill all bacteria good and bad which takes 3 days just to feel any diff. and then a lot of times you end up with yeast infections from not enough good bacteria left in your system!! They should call it in. If not , you may need a new Dr., one who isn`t out for making money off visits ...
Nov. 16, 2012: Results presented at 23rd Conference of the Society for Chromatographic Sciences-Mass spectrometry system for drug discovery and diagnostics : FIRST Program
The Fluorotek 200 is a low-cost fluorescence-based bacterial monitor. Using two light sources and custom designed enzyme assays, Fluorotek is able to detect a wide range of bacteria such as major Gram Negative, Aerobic Bacteria , and Total Aerobic Bacteria. The Fluorotek 200 can be used in a variety of context such as healthcare, water and sanitation testing, farms, and veterinary facilities. ADS will supply the entire test kit, which, along with the device, includes the assay for your bacteria of interest.. ...
Kire ci, E et al. Isolation of pathogenic aerobic bacteria from the blood of septicaemic neonatal calves and the susceptibility of isolates to various antibiotics. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc., 2010, vol.81, no.2, p.110-113. ISSN 1019- ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Inhibition of porphyrin biosynthesis by exogenous 5-aminolevulinic acid in an aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, Erythrobacter sp. OCh 114. AU - Shioi, Yuzo. AU - Doi, Michio. AU - Tanabe, Kimiko. AU - Shimokawa, Keishi. PY - 1988/11/1. Y1 - 1988/11/1. N2 - Exogenously administrated 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) inhibited the formation of bacteriochlorophyll a (Bchl a) in a dose-dependent manner in the aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, Erythrobacter sp. strain OCh 114, under dark growth conditions. The ALA concentration required for half-inhibition after 24-h growth was estimated to be about 3.0 mm. Porphyrin and Bchl precursors were not found in either the cells or the growth medium. The same inhibition was also observed with cytochrome c formation. When ALA was incubated with intact cells, a large amount of ALA was converted to an unknown metabolite. The pH optimum of the conversion was 7.8. The metabolite did not react with Ehrlichs reagent, but did so with ninhydrin, giving a ...
The problem with adding fertilisers like ammonium nitrate to the soil is that bacteria can use the nitrogen to help to make their bodies removing carbon from the soil. In the same way, adding carbon to the soil reduces the available nitrogen. So adding nitrogen removes carbon from the soil; adding carbon removes nitrogen from the soil and locks them into the bodies of microorganisms. As this process is driven mostly by bacteria and fungi and aerobic microorganisms do this much quicker than anaerobic micro organisms, adding air by digging or hoeing reduces both nitrogen and carbon as the aerobic microorganisms reproduce and take up more nitrogen and carbon. However this can be replaced by adding lots and lots of compost. (Also carbon and nitrogen are returned to the soil when the microorganisms die ...
Patients with bacteremia after dental extraction, third-molar surgery, dental scaling, endodontic treatment, and bilateral tonsillectomy were studied by means of lysis-filtration of blood samples with subsequent aerobic and anaerobic incubation. Samples were obtained before, during, and 10 min after treatment. Bacteremia was observed in 100% of patients after dental extraction, 55% of patients after third-molar surgery, 70% of patients after dental scaling, 20% of patients after endodontic treatment, and 55% of patients after bilateral tonsillectomy. Anaerobic microorganisms were isolated more frequently than aerobic microorganisms were, and viridans group streptococci were the most commonly isolated bacteria. Ten minutes after treatment, the frequency as well as the magnitude of bacteremia showed pronounced reduction.. ...
Photo credit: Dr. Kim Stanford, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development Composting is a naturally occurring process in which bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms convert organic material into a stabilized product called compost. Composting of livestock mortalities involves two phases.. In the first phase, the animal carcasses are placed in a composting bin or on a windrow of straw. A bulking agent that is high in carbon, such as sawdust or straw, added to completely surround the carcasses. This heap is entirely covered with manure, which is full of microbes. Anaerobic microorganisms (those not requiring oxygen) work in the carcass to degrade it.. The second phase involves regularly turning the pile and introducing air to feed aerobic microorganisms (those requiring oxygen), which degrade these materials produced by the first stage into odour-free carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). This stage causes the temperature of the compost pile to rise, which kills common viruses and other ...
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Mtb has been residing in human lungs for forever - probably since humans have been a thing - (dont cite me on this, but it seems like mummies are always being found to have TB) and yet this bacterium is still widespread.
Use your compost tea within four hours of turning off the bubbler, since after that amount of time without oxygen your aerobic microorganisms will begin to die. At this point, you can bring the tea to your site and apply it directly onto the contaminated and/or damaged land, a spill area or onto your phytoremediating plants to increase their health. It is best to apply your tea to moist soil or after a rain, on a cloudy morning or in the evening as some microorganisms do not like baking in the hot sun. If you are applying your tea with a sprayer, make sure that the sprayer doesnt need too high a pressure and that the velocity of the spray is slow - the microbes you are working with benefit from gentle treatment. You can also take a digging fork or piece of rebar and make holes throughout your site to loosen soil and give the microorganisms a way to move more rapidly down to where the contamination may be ...
In animal cells, the formation of plasmalogens requires molecular oxygen. But among bacteria only anaerobic species contain plasmalogens, so an oxygen-requiring reaction is not possible. Clearly another pathway is used, which evolved long before these lipids were made by animal cells. The early earth had an anaerobic atmosphere; hence the first living things were anaerobes, presumably the ancestors of present day anaerobes. Indeed, all reactions essential for making bacterial cells including amino acids, purine and pyrimidine bases, lipids and the essential cofactors, are still anaerobic, in line with their anaerobic ancestry. Therefore, it is no surprise that an anaerobic mechanism for making plasmalogens arose first. Present evidence suggests that plasmalogen synthesis in bacteria follows the same pathway used for the formation of diacyl phospholipids starting with glycerol-P and ending with conversion of diacylphospholipids to the corresponding plasmalogens by an unknown mechanism ...
aquavitro® seed™ will rapidly and safely establish the aquarium biofilter in freshwater and marine systems, thereby preventing the #1 cause of fish death: new tank syndrome. seed™ is formulated specifically for the aquarium and contains a synergistic blend of aerobic, anaerobic, and facultative bacteria which facilitate the breakdown of waste organics, ammonia, nitrates and nitrites.. The bacteria used in competing products are inherently unstable. The conditions necessary for their growth and development fall into a very narrow range of temperatures, pH, organic loads, etc. When any of these parameters are not strictly within the proper range, the bacterial culture quickly crashes and dies. seed™ does not contain any of these short-lived bacteria. The species of bacteria in seed™ are a unique blend, specifically developed for hardiness and their ability to adapt to a wide variety of environmental conditions. The strains thrive in both fresh and saltwater.. seed™ contains both ...
The ACQUITY UPLC System provides UPLC/UHPLC chromatographic resolution and sensitivity, and high throughput using sub-2-µm particles. This is the original UPLC system and remains in production to support user validated methods in clinical chemistry.
When labor begins, vaginal douching with the use of chlorhexidine or Hibiclens soap has been proved to be effective against GBS. The effect of this soap is short-term and will not last for more than a couple of days. This is the reason why douching must be done only during active labor and not before.. A benefit is that it concentrates on the colonization of the bacteria only in the vaginal tract and not in the digestive tract. Because of this the bacteria will return to the vaginal tract sooner or later.. Another benefit is the fact that douching targets only GBS and leaves the other beneficial bacteria alone. Thus, you dont have to worry about overgrowth of yeast and thrush. Studies have shown that antibiotic use and douching the vaginal tract are equally effective.. Vaginal douching has an edge because of the fact that it does not come with side effects. If you dont fancy either of these treatments, you can go the natural way. Yes, there are a few natural remedies that you could use during ...
Doctors Ask: Anaerobic infections are caused by non-spore-forming anaerobic bacteria (microorganisms that require low oxygen uptake for growth). To extinguish the vital functions of anaerobic bacteria, contact with oxygen, even short-term, is necessary. Therefore, anaerobic microorganisms tend to be located where for their development there are all the appropriate conditions: in the large intestine, genital organs (female), between the gums and the surface of the tooth, etc.
Salam petang Isnin. Sesiapa yang datang ke Amies Little Kitchen malam ini Amie hidangkan Ikan Lumahan Sumbat Serunding Udang. Sekiranya rakan-rakan pengunjung ingin menambah kosa kata atau perbendaharaan kata mengenai nama-nama ikan, Amie perkenalkan sejenis ikan yang memang ada dijual setiap hari di mana-mana pasar di tempat Amie atau pun di tempat rakan-rakan. Ada setengah tempat menamakannya sebagai ikang belaling. Ayahanda Amie memanggilnya ikan termenung. Tapi kebanyakan orang memanggilnya sebagai ikan kembung! Masyarakat di sini memanggilnya dengan nama ikan lumahan. Idea untuk membuat Ikan Lumahan Sumbat Serunding Udang muncul selepas berkunjung ke dapur sifu Che Mat Gebu kita. Kepada sesiapa yang berminat, bolehlah klik terus ke Ikan Kembong Sumbat Kelapa - Dapur Tanpa Sempadan untuk melihat hasil air tangan beliau. Kelmarin Amie sengaja menyimpan sedikit Serunding Udang untuk disumbatkan ke dalam perut ikan lumahan. Pelik ke bunyinya..... sumbat perut ikan dengan serunding udang? Apa ...
Hari ini Amie masak Kurma Ayam. Jarang benar Amie masak begini sebab kurang permintaan dalam rumah. Apa pun, sesekali masak begini, barulah terasa enaknya terutama kalau makan waktu lauk masih panas dan kebetulan perut kosong berkeroncong! Jadi, tak terdengarlah sedap atau tak sedap! Tapi, Amie kena angkat bakul berlubanglah pada petang Ahad ini sebab Amie rasa sedaplah pulak hasil masakan Kurma Ayam hari ini ha ha ha hah...... Oleh sebab jarang masak kurma, Amie masak berpandukan arahan di belakang bungkusan serbuk kurma, tapi Amie tambah sedikit rempah-rempahan lain termasuk asam jawa supaya kuahnya tak rasa muak. ...
Waters offers a range of training courses that increases your staffs laboratory skills, assists you in integrating new technologies, and ensures that you maximize your investment in mission-critical Waters HPLC, UPLC, and mass spectrometry systems.
Bacterial blooms are caused by heterotrophic bacteria naturally present in aquariums which feed off the various wastes produced by the fish. These free floating aerobic bacteria can reproduce very rapidly, and an increase in available nutrients can trigger these blooms, usually described as a milky cloud in the aquarium. A build up of organic wastes, over feeding, or changing the gravel in the tank can all cause bacterial blooms. While the bacteria themselves are not dangerous, they can be a big drain on the oxygen content of the water.. ...
Lactic acid is mainly produced in muscle cells and red blood cells. It forms when the body breaks down carbohydrates to use for energy during times of low oxygen levels. Your bodys oxygen level might drop during intense exercise or if you have an infection or disease. The test gives detailed information on the level of fitness and the aerobic-anaerobic border ...
2007-05-23T13:03:57Z Pixie 865x518 (17309 Bytes) {{Information ,Description=Aerobically different bacteria behave differently when grown in liquid culture: 1: Obligate aerobic bacteria gather at the top of the test tube in order to absorb maximal amount of oxygen. 2: Obliga ...
run into lakes or streams increasing the pH of the lake. As a result algal begin to bloom blocking light to the lake plants below - cannot photosynthesise so die. Aerobic bacteria use up all the oxygen and everything else in the river dies. ...
An electronic network is disclosed for effectively providing a technique to administer medical treatment. The technique pertains to at least one patient and at least one unit for medical treatment. Th
Sources of infection Infection is caused either by organisms from the hosts normal flora (endogenous infection) or by organisms transmitted from another source (exogenous infection). Endogenous infection The normal flora will only invade if circumstances permit, as in some of […]
ਦੰਡਾਣੁ ਛੜੀ ਦੇ ਸਰੂਪ ਦਾ ਬੀਟਾ ਹੀਮੋਲਿਟਿਕ ਗਰਾਮ ਪਾਜਿਟਿਵ ਜੀਵਾਣੁ ਜੀਨਸ ਹੈ, ਫਰਮੀਕਿਊਟਸ ਉਪਜਾਤੀ ਦਾ ਨਾਲ ਹੀ ਇੱਕ ਮੈਂਬਰ ਹੈ। ਦੰਡਾਣੁ ਜਾਂ ਤਾਂ ਬਾਧਯ ਪ੍ਰਜਾਤੀ ਦੇ ਹਨ ਜਾਂ ਐੱਛਿਕ aerobe s, ਅਤੇ ਪ੍ਰੀਖਿਆ ਲਈ ਸਕਾਰਾਤਮਕ ਏੰਜਾਇਮ catalase।. ...
Cheap flights from Des Moines to Sarajevo: Enter your dates once and have TripAdvisor search multiple sites to find the best prices on cheap flights from Des Moines to Sarajevo.
Malnutrition, Mortality, Patients, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Tuberculosis, Screening, Nutritional Status, Elderly, Nutrition Status, Nutritional Assessment, Person
Aerobic bacteria are bacteria that can grow and live when oxygen is present. ... Aerobic bacteria are bacteria that can grow and live when oxygen is present. ... Aerobic. www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/760767/all/aerobic. Accessed June 12, 2019. ...
Bacteria How do aerobic bacteria differ from anaerobic bacteria. ?. aerobic bacteria use oxygen based respiration, anaerobic ... How do aerobic bacteria differ form anaerobic bacteria. ?. Aerobic bacteria use respiration and anaerobic bacteria do not. ... Are bacteria anaerobic or aerobic. ?. Some bacteria in the world are considered to be anaerobic bacteria. Other bacteria in the ... Bacteria that do not require aerobic respiration. ?. Aerobic. They are anaerobic bacteria. There are bacteria,which do not ...
... these aerobic BChl-containing bacteria represent an evolutionary transient phase from anaerobic phototrophs to aerobic non- ... Most are obligately aerobic, meaning they require oxygen to grow. One remarkable aspect of these novel bacteria is that they, ... 2003). Aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria and their roles in marine ecosystems. Chinese Science Bulletin. Vol. 48 No.11 ... Aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria are photoheterotrophic (phototroph)microbes that exist in a variety of aquatic ...
Diverse arrangement of photosynthetic gene clusters in aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria.. Zheng Q1, Zhang R, Koblížek M ... Aerobic anoxygenic photototrophic (AAP) bacteria represent an important group of marine microorganisms inhabiting the euphotic ... Aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic (AAP) bacteria represent an important part of marine microbial communities. Their ... Our investigations shed light on the evolution and functional implications in PGCs of marine aerobic anoxygenic phototrophs, ...
... Published Online: 1984 ... Title Development of a Multiple Inoculator System for the Identification of Aerobic Heterotrophic Bacteria. Symposium , ... Twenty-one species of environmental and culture collection bacteria were tested for the following characteristics: nitrate ... inoculator described was judged a simple and versatile device for the rapid identification of large numbers of bacteria. ...
... and antonyms of the term AEROBIC BACTERIA in the Online Dictionary. ... AEROBIC BACTERIA: Review the definition, meaning, pronunciation, explanation, synonyms, ...
Plant pathogenic anaerobic bacteria use aromatic polyketides to access aerobic territory. By Gulimila Shabuer, Keishi Ishida, ... Plant pathogenic anaerobic bacteria use aromatic polyketides to access aerobic territory. By Gulimila Shabuer, Keishi Ishida, ... Plant pathogenic anaerobic bacteria use aromatic polyketides to access aerobic territory Message Subject. (Your Name) has ... Shabuer et al. now show that the bacteria also use clostrubin to protect themselves from the aerobic environment of the potato ...
San, Ka-Yiu, Bennett, George N. and Lin, Henry, "Aerobic succinate production in bacteria." Patent US7935511B2. issued 2011-05- ... Methods of increasing yields of succinate using aerobic culture methods and a multi-mutant E. coli strain are provided. Also ...
Expression of the puf operon in an aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, Roseobacter denitrificans.. Nishimura K1, Shimada H, Ohta ... to represent a mode of adaptation that allowed the former cells to avoid photodynamic damage by light under highly aerobic ...
It is strictly aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative and this genus produces both insoluble and soluble ... The genus Microbacterium are common soil bacteria. Magnification: x6.665 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock ... bacterium that was recently discovered in 1999. It is a novel microbe that utilizes sucrose as its sole carbon source. ... Keywords: 06211213d, actinobacteria, actinomycetales, aerobe, aerobes, aerobic, aquatic, bacillus, bacteria, bacterial, ...
910 can calculate live aerobic bacteria loads in as little as 45 minutes making it possible to perform real time operational... ... The GreenLight 910 can calculate live aerobic bacteria loads in as little as 45 minutes making it possible to perform real time ... The GreenLight® 910 can calculate live aerobic bacteria loads in as little as 45 minutes making it possible to perform real ...
In Vitro Activities of Membrane-Active Peptides against Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria A. Giacometti, O. ... Molecular β-Lactamase Characterization of Aerobic Gram-Negative Pathogens Recovered from Patients Enrolled in the Ceftazidime- ... In Vitro Susceptibility Tests for Cationic Peptides: Comparison of Broth Microdilution Methods for Bacteria That Grow ...
A novel indigenous bacterium, strain JM10, isolated from the oligotrophic Hei He reservoir was characterized and show... ... Article Denitrification characteristics of a newly isolated indigenous aerobic denitrifying bacterium under oligotrophic ... Denitrification characteristics of a newly isolated indigenous aerobic denitrifying bacterium under oligotrophic conditions. 0 ... No comments were found for Denitrification characteristics of a newly isolated indigenous aerobic denitrifying bacterium under ...
Competition for oxygen and 3-chlorobenzoate between two aerobic bacteria using different degradation pathways. Krooneman, J., ... Bacteria possessing different kinetic characteristics for oxygen and employing distinct metabolic pathways for the degradation ...
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are used as food-grade microorganisms for production of a variety of fermented milk products. They ... Aerobic Respiration in Lactic Acid Bacteria: Current and Future Applications in Dairy Starter Culture: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5363- ... "Aerobic Respiration in Lactic Acid Bacteria: Current and Future Applications in Dairy Starter Culture." Microbial Cultures and ... "Aerobic Respiration in Lactic Acid Bacteria: Current and Future Applications in Dairy Starter Culture." In Microbial Cultures ...
The degradation of sludge solids in an insulated reactor during Autothermal Thermophilic Aerobic Digestion (ATAD) processing ... Evaluation of the Removal of Indicator Bacteria from Domestic Sludge Processed by Autothermal Thermophilic Aerobic Digestion ( ... Evaluation of the Removal of Indicator Bacteria from Domestic Sludge Processed by Autothermal Thermophilic Aerobic Digestion ( ... "Evaluation of the Removal of Indicator Bacteria from Domestic Sludge Processed by Autothermal Thermophilic Aerobic Digestion ( ...
... and bacteria testing of spore traps, culturable air, tape lift, bulk, and water samples. ERMI and DNA testing offered. ... Aerobic Bacteria by GC-FAME (NIOSH 0801). Description. This method is applicable to all viable and culturable bacteria ... The method is applicable to bulk solid and liquid samples containing culturable bacteria, as well as air samples. ... Microbiology Lab (Mold, Bacteria, Legionella, Allergens). Test. ... Aerobic Bacteria by GC-FAME (NIOSH 0801). Aerobic Bacteria by ...
He insists that there is no need for brewing aerobic bacteria that anaerobic is just ... He insists that there is no need for brewing aerobic bacteria that anaerobic is just fine and that more oxygen means nutrient ... He insists that there is no need for brewing aerobic bacteria that anaerobic is just fine and that more oxygen means nutrient ... Bacteria are everywhere, every time you breathe in air you are breathing in bacteria, we can not escape them unless we live in ...
During aerobic growth, bacteria consume O2 at high rates. The consumption of O2by oxidases takes place on the cytoplasmic side ... Availability of O2 as a Substrate in the Cytoplasm of Bacteria under Aerobic and Microaerobic Conditions. Tanja Arras, Jan ... Availability of O2 as a Substrate in the Cytoplasm of Bacteria under Aerobic and Microaerobic Conditions ... Availability of O2 as a Substrate in the Cytoplasm of Bacteria under Aerobic and Microaerobic Conditions ...
and aerobic heterotrophic S-oxidizing bacteria increased. The corresponding values for Thiobacillus spp. and aerobic ... and aerobic heterotrophic S-oxidizing bacteria. After 84 days, 16.3% and 22.4% of the total S0 applied to the soil were ... The results suggested that oxidation of residual S0 completely relied on aerobic heterotrophic S-oxidizing bacteria. ... heterotrophic S-oxidizing bacteria increased from 2.9 × 105 and 1.4 × 105 g−1 soil at the start of the experiment to 4 × 108 ...
bacteria. ID: 111298 Bacteriochlorophyll a (BChl a) content and the number of PSUs [photosynthetic units] per AAP [aerobic ... Costs in AAP [aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic] bacteria to construct a PSU [photosynthetic unit]. Range. Table - link ... bacteria. ID: 111296 Fraction of bacteria in ocean surface waters that carry proteorhodopsin (depending on oceanic region and ... Aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 1998 Sep62(3):695-724.PubMed ID9729607 ...
... ... Chemolithotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and Thaumarchaeota are central players in the global nitrogen cycle. Obligate ... Taken together, this work identifies differences in ammonia-dependent chemolithotrophy between bacteria and the Thaumarchaeota ... unlike the ammonia-oxidizing bacterium Nitrosospira multiformis ATCC 25196(T). In particular, pulses of hydroxylamine into a ...
Aerobic anoxygenic photosynthetic bacteria (AAnP) were recently proposed to be significant contributors to global oceanic ... Assessing diversity and biogeography of aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria in surface waters of the Atlantic and Pacific ...
Cultivation-dependent and -independent methods have revealed that this functional guild of bacteria comprises a substantial ... Cultivation-dependent and -independent methods have revealed that this functional guild of bacteria comprises a substantial ... as functional marker for the detection of aerobic methanotrophs has resulted in thousands of sequences representing ... as functional marker for the detection of aerobic methanotrophs has resulted in thousands of sequences representing ...
Distribution of aerobic bacteria which contain bacteriochlorophyll a. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 38 : 43-45. ... Control of Peripheral Light-Harvesting Complex Synthesis by a Bacteriophytochrome in the Aerobic Photosynthetic Bacterium ... Bacteriochlorophyll-protein complexes of aerobic bacteria, Erythrobacter longus and Erythrobacter species OCh114. Arch. ... Control of Peripheral Light-Harvesting Complex Synthesis by a Bacteriophytochrome in the Aerobic Photosynthetic Bacterium ...
... of aerobic bacteria, anaerobic bacteria and pathogenic protozoans. ... Comparative Evaluation of Fixed Dose Combination of Ofloxacin and Ornidazole Against Some Aerobic Bacteria ... for infusion against some aerobic bacteria in comparison with Ofloxacin and Ornidazole individually. Antibiotic Susceptibility ...
Keywords: Aerobic rice, antagonistic effect, indoleacetic acid, organic acids, phosphorus solubilizing bacteria ... Isolation and characterization of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria from aerobic rice * QA Panhwar ... A study was conducted to isolate phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from aerobic rice grown in Penang Malaysia and to ... Key words: Aerobic rice, antagonistic effect, indoleacetic acid, organic acids, phosphorus solubilizing bacteria. ...
Production of Wax Esters during Aerobic Growth of Marine Bacteria on Isoprenoid Compounds. Jean-Francois Rontani, Patricia C. ... 26) during a study of the aerobic degradation of phytol by bacteria isolated from surface sediments, operates in the case of ... Aerobic and anaerobic metabolism of 6,10,14-trimethylpentadecan-2-one by a denitrifying bacterium isolated from marine ... In this paper, we report the formation of isoprenoid wax esters during aerobic growth of four marine bacteria: Acinetobacter sp ...
Figure 1: Aerobic heterotrophic bacteria of 71 samples from the output water of dental chair units. The boxplot diagram shows ...
... and anaerobic bacteria. Nitronaphthofurans inhibited the multiplication of aerobic bacteria at low concentrations (MIC for 50% ... Effect of different nitroheterocyclic compounds on aerobic, microaerophilic, and anaerobic bacteria.. H Hof, J Ströder, J P ... Effect of different nitroheterocyclic compounds on aerobic, microaerophilic, and anaerobic bacteria.. H Hof, J Ströder, J P ... Effect of different nitroheterocyclic compounds on aerobic, microaerophilic, and anaerobic bacteria.. H Hof, J Ströder, J P ...
  • Aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria (AAPBs) are alphaproteobacteria and gammaproteobacteria that are obligate aerobes that capture energy from light by anoxygenic photosynthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria are photoheterotrophic (phototroph)microbes that exist in a variety of aquatic environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria are classified in two marine (Erythrobacter and Roseobacter) and six freshwater (Acidiphilium, Erythromicrobium, Blastomonas (synonym: Erythromonas), Porphyrobacter, Roseococcus, and Sandaracinobacter) genera, which phylogenetically belong to the -1, -3, and -4 subclasses of the class Proteobacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diverse arrangement of photosynthetic gene clusters in aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria. (nih.gov)
  • The construction costs for a PSU in AAP bacteria is much higher (Table 5), about 10-fold higher than for PRP [proteorhodopsin (PR)-based phototrophic] bacteria. (harvard.edu)
  • Assessing diversity and biogeography of aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria in surface waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans using the Global Ocean Sampling expedition metagenomes. (jcvi.org)
  • Anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria have the ability to transform light energy into biochemical amenable energy for their growth and motion. (asm.org)
  • A High Fraction of Aerobic Anoxygenic Phototrophic Bacteria in Metagenomes from a Coastal Bay (Arraial do Cabo--Brazil). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Water samples collected from the creek were taken to Environmental Microbiology Laboratory of University of Portharcourt for isolation of aerobic heterotrophic bacteria using serial dilution spread plate technique. (omicsonline.org)
  • Based on the microbiology pattern of community-acquired bacteremia, initial empiric treatment that requires coverage of a broad spectrum of both gram-negative and gram-positive aerobic bacteria, such as ertapenem, may be justified in moderately severe cases of community-acquired bacteremia in non-immunocompromised hosts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Microbiology: An Introduction, 12e, (Tortora) Chapter 11 The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following are found primarily in the intestines of humans? (designblogs.info)
  • The oxidase test is a test used in microbiology to determine if a bacterium produces certain cytochrome c oxidases. (designblogs.info)
  • Therefore, we aimed for an experimental proof of the availability of O 2 in the bacterial cytoplasm under aerobic and microaerobic conditions. (asm.org)
  • The aerobic and anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacterial guilds were studied from two multilevel samplers in an ammonium-contaminated aquifer in the UK. (epfl.ch)
  • Real-time PCR was subsequently used to determine the relative size of betaproteobacterial ammonium-oxidizing bacteria and anammox bacterial guilds in relation to the whole bacterial community, showing large differences between the two multilevel samplers. (epfl.ch)
  • Ajmal Khan, S. 2013-07-05 00:00:00 The culturable aerobic heterotrophic benthic bacterial population and community structure in relation to the physico-chemical parameters in the continental slope of the Bay of Bengal was studied. (deepdyve.com)
  • Bacterial population dynamics in dairy waste during aerobic and anaerobic treatment and subsequent storage. (cdc.gov)
  • The objective of this study was to model a typical dairy waste stream, monitor the chemical and bacterial population dynamics that occur during aerobic or anaerobic treatment and subsequent storage in a simulated lagoon, and compare them to those of waste held without treatment in a simulated lagoon. (cdc.gov)
  • A type of Bacteria Single celled organisms that take the shape of spheres, rods, and spirals. Bacteria grow rapidly under the right conditions and they are found in different habitats. Bacteria play a role in the formation of hydrocarbons and the in-situ alteration/transformation processes such as biodegradation. Bacterial by-products are accumulated and preserved within the sediment and thus can increase the organic content and inherent petroleum source potential. This is because some petroleum molecules such as lipids are found in bacterial cell membranes. Bacteria can also cause the decay of deposited organic material by attacking hydrocarbon molecules in the absence or presence of oxygen. " >bacteria live or active only in the presence of oxygen that cause an aerobic biodegradation of the crude oils by attacking its hydrocarbons using the Oil See crude oil " >oil compounds as a source of energy. (stratochem.com)
  • The present study assesses the in vitro activity of ertapenem against aerobic and facultative bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with community-acquired bacteremia by determining and comparing the MICs of cefepime, cefoxitin, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, ertapenem, piperacillin, piperacillin-tazobactam, ciprofloxacin, amikacin and gentamicin. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objective of the present study is to assess the in vitro activity of ertapenem against aerobic and facultative bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with community-acquired bacteremia by determining and comparing the MICs of cefepime, cefoxitin, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, ertapenem, piperacillin, piperacillin-tazobactam, ciprofloxacin, amikacin and gentamicin. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The oxidase test is used to identify bacteria that produce cytochrome c oxidase, an enzyme of the bacterial electron transport chain. (designblogs.info)
  • In this manuscript, we report that a bacterial multicopper oxidase (MCO) catalyzes Mn(II) oxidation on the cell surface, resulting in the surface deposition of Mn(III) and Mn(IV) oxides and the.Note: All bacteria that are oxidase positive are aerobic, and can use oxygen as a of the Enterobacteriaceae (all negative) and in identifying colonies suspected. (designblogs.info)
  • Genus and species are reported on aerobic bacterial isolates, whenever possible. (testcatalog.org)
  • Green sulfur bacteria are one of two known bacterial families that use chlorosomes in the LHC. (nature.com)
  • Ninety cases of clinically diagnosed enterotoxemia infection in lambs at AL-Hamdaniya region where studied for isolation of aerobic and anaerobic bacterial causes, faecal samples were collected from all suspected cases during January- June 2008, the results show that 41.6% of the isolates were Cl. (vetmedmosul.com)
  • Most are obligately aerobic, meaning they require oxygen to grow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aerobic bacteria are bacteria that can grow and live when oxygen is present. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Aerobic is something that requires oxygen. (answers.com)
  • Aerobic bacteria Because some anaerobic bacteria will die in the presence of oxygen. (answers.com)
  • Aerobic bacteria uses oxygen for cellular respiration and anaerobic bacteria doesn't require oxygen to survive. (answers.com)
  • Unlike aerobic bacteria, anaerobic bacteria do not use oxygen. (answers.com)
  • Types of bacteria: aerobic - oxygen is essential facultatively aerobic - use oxygen if available, but can do without it anaerobic - oxygen is toxic for them Anaerobic bacteria can be found especially in extreme environments such as thermal vents or deep-sea vents. (answers.com)
  • aerobic bacteria use oxygen based respiration, anaerobic bacteria use either nonoxygen based respiration (e.g. nitrogen, sulfur) or fermentation. (answers.com)
  • arrobic grows faster than anaerobic bacteria The root "aero-" refers to oxygen. (answers.com)
  • Aerobic means in the presence of oxygen. (answers.com)
  • Aerobic bacteria need oxygen, while anaerobic bacteria do not need oxygen to survive. (answers.com)
  • Bacteria that require oxygen to survive are aerobic. (answers.com)
  • Aerobic" means "with oxygen. (answers.com)
  • Those that are aerobic need oxygen for cellular metabolism, while anaerobic do not. (answers.com)
  • Obligate anaerobic bacteria cannot live with oxygen, facultative anaerobic bacteria can live with or without it, and obligate aerobic bacteria require oxygen to survive. (answers.com)
  • Aerobic bacteria respire oxygen. (answers.com)
  • The slimy pink rot of potatoes is caused by the bacterium Clostridium puniceum , which cannot grow in the presence of oxygen. (sciencemag.org)
  • The clostrubins, which act as antibiotics against other microbial plant pathogens, enable the anaerobic bacteria to survive an oxygen-rich plant environment. (sciencemag.org)
  • Bacteria possessing different kinetic characteristics for oxygen and employing distinct metabolic pathways for the degradation of (halo)aromatic substrates for which oxygen is needed as co-substrate may have to compete with each other in such environments. (rug.nl)
  • He insists that there is no need for brewing aerobic bacteria that anaerobic is just fine and that more oxygen means nutrient loss. (permies.com)
  • In aerobic respiration, the oxidizing agent is oxygen, which has one of the highest propensities in nature to accepting an electron. (aero-stream.com)
  • As a result, aerobic respiration processes occur readily and abundantly as long as oxygen is present. (aero-stream.com)
  • Once oxygen is carefully introduced and controlled in the septic tank,however, aerobic bacteria are able to generate much higher rates of nutrient consumption when compared to anaerobic bacteria. (aero-stream.com)
  • Aerobic bacteria and residual dissolved oxygen are also exported from the septic tank into the drainfield. (aero-stream.com)
  • In the typical septic tank environment, lack of oxygen causes the proliferation and dominance of anaerobic bacteria. (aero-stream.com)
  • By introducing oxygen into the closed environment of the septic tank, homeowners can encourage the growth of aerobic bacteria and their more efficient methods of organic decomposition. (aero-stream.com)
  • Instead of scavenging oxygen from the environment, like the aerobic methanotrophs, or driving methane oxidation by reverse methanogenesis, like the methanogenic archaea in sulfate-reducing systems, it produces its own supply of oxygen by metabolizing nitrite via nitric oxide into oxygen and dinitrogen gas. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • The intracellularly produced oxygen is then used for the oxidation of methane by the classical aerobic methane oxidation pathway involving methane mono-oxygenase. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • The Original Oxygen Release Compound (ORC) is an engineered, oxygen release compound designed specifically for enhanced, in situ aerobic bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons in groundwater or saturated soils. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Aerobic refers to oxygen as it concerns an organism. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Specifically, an organism that is described as being aerobic (or an aerobe) means that the organism needs oxygen to live. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Aerobic also refers to the need for oxygen in the utilization of foods. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Bacteria are not dependent on oxygen to use a food source for energy, but most other living organisms do need oxygen. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If oxygen is present, maximum energy is released from the food, and the process is referred to as aerobic respiration. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Acidic environments and low oxygen are the same way that cancers survive in the human body, and as plants and people are so closely related, it gives you a good idea of how bad bacteria can enter a growing medium and thrive. (biotabs.nl)
  • Once you understand how each type of bacteria differ, then applying a pH chart to each will give you a clear idea of the oxygen content that should be present. (biotabs.nl)
  • Ensuring that a nutrient solution or water source is well oxygenated with adequate amounts of dissolved oxygen, is one way to ensure that you keep the aerobic bacteria at peak performance. (biotabs.nl)
  • note: All bacteria that are oxidase positive are aerobic, and can use oxygen as a terminal electron acceptor in respiration. (designblogs.info)
  • People refer to these exercises as aerobic because they require oxygen to generate energy. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Aerobic exercises increase a person's heart rate and breathing rate to supply more oxygen to the body's muscles. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The participants' underwent a static bike cycling test - a gold standard test which quantified their ability to use oxygen during exercise and their resulting individual aerobic fitness levels. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Any bacteria requiring free oxygen for the metabolic breakdown of materials. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • For example, bacteria that need oxygen to grow are called aerobic bacteria. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This debunks the view among some compost-tea producers that the aerobic bacteria in compost will inhibit growth of human pathogenic bacteria when aerobic conditions and nutrient additives are present," says Ingram. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The results have shown that 0.1 % of Sodium hypochlorite is sufficient to disinfect common pathogenic bacteria with a minimum exposure time of 5 minutes. (ijcmas.com)
  • Expression of the puf operon in an aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, Roseobacter denitrificans. (nih.gov)
  • One putative function of this LH complex could be to evacuate excess light energy in order to protect Bradyrhizobium strain BTAi1, an aerobic anoxygenic photosynthetic bacterium, against photooxidative damage during photosynthesis. (asm.org)
  • Publications] Doi,M.,Shioi.Y.,Morita,M.& Takamiya: 'Two types of cytochrome cd_1 in the aerobic photosynthetic bacterium,Erythrobacter sp.OCh 114. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Inhibition of porphyrin biosynthesis by exogenous 5-aminolevulinic acid in an aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, Erythrobacter sp. (elsevier.com)
  • Exogenously administrated 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) inhibited the formation of bacteriochlorophyll a (Bchl a) in a dose-dependent manner in the aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, Erythrobacter sp. (elsevier.com)
  • It reveals that Pseudomonas stutzeri PCN-1 possesses excellent capacity for aerobic nitrogen removal, regardless of whether nitrate, nitrite or N2O were taken as denitrification substrates. (springer.com)
  • The deoxygenations proceeded simultaneously, with the expected dioxygenase-catalysed asymmetric sulfoxidation of sulfides, during some biotransformations with the aerobic bacterium Pseudomonas putida UV4. (qub.ac.uk)
  • The aim of this study was evaluate the effect of active packaging with eugenol on growth of Pseudomonas and aerobic mesophilic bacteria in fresh chicken pieces. (bvsalud.org)
  • El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el efecto de un envase antimicrobiano conteniendo eugenol en el desarrollo de Pseudomonas y bacterias mesofílicas aerobias (BMA) en piezas de pollo . (bvsalud.org)
  • Las piezas de pollo fueron envueltas en la película AAF2 y almacenadas a 5°C evaluando a los 5 días el efecto de la película en el desarrollo de Pseudomonas y en BMA. (bvsalud.org)
  • Las AAF2 mostraron un efecto moderado en la reducción del desarrollo de Pseudomonas (1.1 x 106 CFU g-1) comparadas con el control (6.0 x 106 CFU g-1) (P (bvsalud.org)
  • Aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic (AAP) bacteria represent an important part of marine microbial communities. (nih.gov)
  • A pure culture of a bacterium was obtained from a marine microbial mat by using an anoxic medium containing dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and nitrate. (usgs.gov)
  • Taken together, this work identifies differences in ammonia-dependent chemolithotrophy between bacteria and the Thaumarchaeota, advances a central catabolic role of NO only in the Thaumarchaeotal pathway and reveals stark differences in how the two microbial cohorts contribute to N2O emissions. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • The data suggests that fixed dose combination of Ofloxacin and Ornidazole can be a good option for use in mixed microbial infection of aerobic bacteria, anaerobic bacteria and pathogenic protozoans. (scialert.net)
  • Microbial degradation of monoterpenes under both aerobic ( 24 ) and anaerobic ( 18 ) conditions has been described (reviewed in reference 28 ). (asm.org)
  • Successful bioremediation of petroleum contamination through aerobic microbial respiration depends on a number of factors including the presence of appropriate microbes, nutrients, electron donors and terminal electron acceptors. (environmental-expert.com)
  • For example, some types of green sulfur bacteria have been found in Black Sea about 80 meters below the surface 1 and also in the deep-sea microbial mat 2 , where only geothermal light is available. (nature.com)
  • The results suggested that oxidation of residual S 0 completely relied on aerobic heterotrophic S-oxidizing bacteria. (scialert.net)
  • The major sink of atmospheric methane is its oxidation by OH radicals, but soils also serve as sink by about 5% due to the activity of methanotrophic bacteria ( IPCC, 2013 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • There are two major ways in which methane is removed from the environment: aerobic oxidation by a specialized group of bacteria and anaerobic oxidation by a specialized group of archaea. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The biochemistry of aerobic methane oxidation is relatively well understood, following intensive research efforts with a number of model organisms, but the biochemistry of anaerobic methane oxidation is not yet fundamentally understood and no anaerobic methane-oxidizer has been isolated in pure culture so far. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Two recent studies [ 1 , 2 ] have used a whole-genome-shotgun sequencing approach to complement the mounting dataset on the biochemistry and regulation of aerobic methane oxidation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Selected monoterpenes inhibited methane oxidation by methanotrophs ( Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b, Methylobacter luteus ), denitrification by environmental isolates, and aerobic metabolism by several heterotrophic pure cultures. (asm.org)
  • This study demonstrated that nonisothermal chemiluminescence examining momentaneous oxidation state of the polymer surface is a valuable technique to follow the biodegradation dynamics on polymeric film, while the Ecoflex agar is able to select useful polymer-degrading bacteria. (deepdyve.com)
  • Oxidation of thiosulfate by a new bacterium, Bosea thiooxidans (strain BI-42) gen. nov., sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Biological methane oxidation proceeds either through aerobic or anaerobic pathways. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • This bacterium performs anaerobic methane oxidation coupled to denitrification, but does so in a peculiar way. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • Aerobic oxidation in an organism, on the other hand, proceeds in a series of small and controlled steps. (encyclopedia.com)
  • OXIDATION PROCESS IN SEWAGE WATER Types of Bacterias in Sewage Aerobic Bacteria Anaerobic Bacteria Sewage water (wastewater ) consist of both aerobic bacterias and anaerobic bacterias, These bacterias can. (thewatertreatments.com)
  • The degradation of sludge solids in an insulated reactor during Autothermal Thermophilic Aerobic Digestion (ATAD) processing results in auto-heating, thermal treatment and total solids reduction, however, the ability to eliminate pathogenic organisms has not been analysed under large scale process conditions. (mdpi.com)
  • This paper describes the production of isoprenoid wax esters during the aerobic degradation of 6,10,14-trimethylpentadecan-2-one and phytol by four bacteria ( Acinetobacter sp. (asm.org)
  • Many compounds were better removed in aerobic condition, suggesting that aerobic heterotrophic organisms were involved in the degradation. (ugent.be)
  • Hence to address the limited data in Ethiopia on post surgical wound infections, we conducted this research to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of aerobic bacteria in post-surgical wound infected patients in Ayder teaching and referral hospital, Mekelle, Ethiopia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, data on the spectrum of bacteria isolated from hospitalized patients and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns to guide post operative wound infection in the region is scarce. (biomedcentral.com)
  • also order ZMMLS Antimicrobial Susceptibility, Aerobic Bacteria, MIC. (testcatalog.org)
  • Aerobic treatment resulted in the greatest change in the type of bacteria present, with the levels of eight out of nine phyla being significantly altered. (cdc.gov)
  • Zymomonas mobilis which type of bacteria? (answers.com)
  • Typically, this will be a single type of bacteria that will be present in relatively large numbers. (ihealthmantra.com)
  • Sometimes, more than one type of bacteria will be present. (ihealthmantra.com)
  • Others, such as gram-negative rods, represent groups of similar bacteria and will require additional testing to determine exactly which type of bacteria is present. (ihealthmantra.com)
  • Banixx will work on just about every type of bacteria infection that your horse may present - aerobic or anaerobic. (banixx.com)
  • A novel indigenous bacterium, strain JM10, isolated from the oligotrophic Hei He reservoir was characterized and showed aerobic denitrification ability. (environmental-expert.com)
  • This study is of great significance for potential applications of aerobic denitrification in mitigating nitrogen oxides emissions from biological nitrogen removal systems. (springer.com)
  • Heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification at low nutrient conditions by a newly isolated bacterium, Acinetobacter sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • In natural environments, aerobic decomposition processes produce significant heat and can help to eliminate microscopic pathogens and parasites as well. (aero-stream.com)
  • This underscores for periodic surveillance of etiologic agent and antibiotic susceptibility to prevent further emergence and spread of resistant bacteria pathogens. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The results presented in this chapter are based on the fate of the background levels of various pathogens in sludge when treated by an aerobic thermophdic system and a conventional mesophdic anaerobic digestion system. (purdue.edu)
  • The study is focused on the comparison of autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion, thermophilic and mesophilic anaerobic digestion, based on long term monitoring of all processes in full-scale wastewater treatment plants, with an emphasis on the efficiency in destroying pathogens. (iwaponline.com)
  • AV is caused by the overgrowth of aerobic pathogens such as Escherichia coli , Group B Streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureus , and Enterococcus faecalis that trigger a localized vaginal inflammatory immune response as evidenced by clinical signs and symptoms, including the presence of vaginal discharge, an elevation of the vaginal pH, inflammation with leukocyte infiltration and a marked depletion of healthy Lactobacillus species. (prnewswire.com)
  • Aerobic bacteria use respiration and anaerobic bacteria do not. (answers.com)
  • Aerobic : If respiration takes place in the presence of O2, then it is called aerobic respiration/ aerobic activity. (answers.com)
  • Eg: Plants and animals, protozoans, some bacteria Anaerobic: IF respiration takes place in the absence of O2, then it is called anaerobic respiration/ anaerobic activity. (answers.com)
  • Thus, O 2 is able to reach the active sites of the oxidases at rates sufficient to support aerobic respiration even at very low O 2 tensions. (asm.org)
  • The reason lies in the aerobic bacteria's faster metabolism and respiration rates. (aero-stream.com)
  • Both aerobic and anaerobic respiration processes have to have an electron transfer occur in order to have subsequent reactions occur. (aero-stream.com)
  • So, although respiration occurs, it proceeds at a considerably slower rate when compared to aerobic respiration. (aero-stream.com)
  • The AER-800 Research Respirometer System facilitates the automated, precision measuring, and continuous recording of respiration rates for both aerobic and anaerobic lab-scale cultures. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Does Aerobic cellular respiration produce glucose? (answers.com)
  • Before getting into the details of how aerobic bacteria live, it is first necessary to know the difference between aerobic and anaerobic. (biotabs.nl)
  • Margot J, Lochmatter S, Barry D, Holliger C. Role of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in micropollutant removal from wastewater with aerobic granular sludge. (ugent.be)
  • Installing a septic aerator can help to promote the growth of these beneficial bacteria and increase the effectiveness of the cleaning and purifying process for wastewater and particulate matter inside the septic tank system. (aero-stream.com)
  • Efficiency of autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion and thermophilic anaerobic digestion of municipal wastewater sludge in removing Salmonella spp. (iwaponline.com)
  • The present study was carried out to investigate the biodegradation process of dairy effluents using some locally isolated bacteria and fungi. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Ichor T, Okerentugba PO, Okpokwasili GC (2014) Biodegradation of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon by Aerobic Heterotrophic Bacteria Isolated from Crude Oil Contaminated Brackish Waters of Bodo Creek. (omicsonline.org)
  • The initial quantity of TPH was 24091 and 6706 mg/l on day 0 for aerobic heterotrophic treatment and crude oil contaminated control and decreased progressively to 212.8 and 1174 mg/l respectively on day 49 indicating biodegradation in the treatment and control. (omicsonline.org)
  • The growth of bacteria cells increased progressively with decrease in TPH implying that the bacteria were responsible for biodegradation. (omicsonline.org)
  • The biodegradation dynamics of selected strains were evaluated mainly by the incubation of Ecoflex foils with a specific bacterium during a period from 3 days until 16 weeks and the change of the degradability of the Ecoflex surface in nitrogen has been assessed by nonisothermal chemiluminescence measurements from 40 to 250 °C. Scanning electron microscope observation of inoculated foils was applied too. (deepdyve.com)
  • An aerobic denitrifying bacterium isolated from a bio-trickling filter treating NOx, Bacillus sp. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Role of aerobic sporogenic bacteria (Bacillus cereus) in food products]. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Relatively high yields of such bacteria as Bacillus megaterium, Escherichia coli and Serratia marcesens were obtained. (dtic.mil)
  • Bacillus species will be reported out as "Large spore-forming aerobic gram-positive Bacillus , not Bacillus cereus or Bacillus anthracis ," unless species identification is specifically requested on the request form. (testcatalog.org)
  • In this article, we outline the similarities and differences between aerobic and anaerobic exercise. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Aerobic anoxygenic photototrophic (AAP) bacteria represent an important group of marine microorganisms inhabiting the euphotic zone of the ocean. (nih.gov)
  • While the high water content of septic systems reduces the heat production caused by aerobic bacteria, these microorganisms provide much better protection against contaminants and dangerous microbes than their anaerobic counterparts. (aero-stream.com)
  • Anaerobic bacteria is and organism. (answers.com)
  • Aerobic micro organism contribute largely to the technique of decomposition of the biological resources in the soil. (buyadalat.store)
  • Aerobic Treatments for Sewage Effluents It uses the naturally happening cardio micro organism for breaking the solids and treating its effluents. (buyadalat.store)
  • Aerobic micro organism require a time length of about24 to 72 hours to grow. (buyadalat.store)
  • 1. Perform isolation of infecting bacteria. (testcatalog.org)
  • Sykes, JE & Rankin, SC 2013, Isolation and Identification of Aerobic and Anaerobic Bacteria . (elsevier.com)
  • McIntosh jar method show isolation of pure culture of anaerobic bacteria (Cl. (vetmedmosul.com)
  • 2012). 'Isolation of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria from suspected enterotoxaemia cases in lambs', Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences , 26(1), pp. 29-32. (vetmedmosul.com)
  • Instead, microbiological quality is determined by testing drinking water for Escherichia coli , a bacterium that is always present in the intestines of humans and other animals and whose presence in drinking water would indicate faecal contamination of the water. (moldbacteriaconsulting.com)
  • For instance, the bacterium Escherichia coli, which causes the majority of urinary tract infections, will appear as pink (gram-negative) rods under the microscope. (ihealthmantra.com)
  • We had worked on five aerobic species, isolated from tonsil 's core of children suffering from recurrent tonsillitis and undergoing tonsillectomy , three were Gram Positive Cocci [ Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Streptococcus pyogenes ], and two were Gram Negative bacilli [ Klebsiella pneumonia , Escherichia coli ]. (bvsalud.org)
  • Aerobic bacteria are the ones that we find in everyday spots on the earth, like in the air, soil, and water. (answers.com)
  • The genus Microbacterium are common soil bacteria. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Example: The author talked about how there is always bacteria that causes Canker in the soil, it's only when it's population gets too big that it becomes a problem for plants. (permies.com)
  • and aerobic heterotrophic S-oxidizing bacteria increased from 2.9 × 10 5 and 1.4 × 10 5 g −1 soil at the start of the experiment to 4 × 10 8 and 5.6 × 10 8 g −1 soil 14 days after S 0 application, respectively. (scialert.net)
  • These bacteria have been proposed as indicators of soil intrusion in distribution systems. (iwaponline.com)
  • Already coexisting aerobic bacteria in soil will attach themselves to the hairs on the roots and form symbiotic relationship. (biotabs.nl)
  • A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacteria that occur in water and soil. (fpnotebook.com)
  • This research study worked to identify, classify and name types of aerobic sporeforming bacteria located in the soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of the study was to analyse the susceptibility of unique and non-duplicate aerobic and anaerobic isolates from surgical patients to a novel des-F(6)-quinolone (garenoxacin) and other selected antimicrobial agents. (nih.gov)
  • Eleven hundred and eighty-five aerobic and anaerobic isolates from general, vascular, cardiothoracic and otolaryngologic surgical patients were tested for susceptibility to garenoxacin and seven other antibiotics (ciprofloxacin, moxifloxacin, levofloxacin, piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem, clindamycin and metronidazole) using the referenced microbroth and agar-dilution method. (nih.gov)
  • Testing is done to identify which bacteria are present and susceptibility testing is done to identify antibiotics that are likely to cure the infection. (ihealthmantra.com)
  • Four common types of bacteria. (indexedvisuals.com)
  • In this study, an electronic nose is proposed to recognize types of bacteria in the diabetic foot ulcer on patients with the aid of data analysis using PCA (Principal Component Analysis) and LDA (Linear Discriminant Analysis) as the first step for feature extraction. (diabeticfootonline.com)
  • Different types of bacteria will exhibit characteristic colors and shapes. (ihealthmantra.com)
  • In this study, she helped collaborate information on the presence of types of bacteria that grow quickly in acid, and helped with expressing the importance of naming and classifying these types of bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • R2 agar supplemented with triclosan was utilised to isolate triclosan resistant bacteria and 16S rRNA gene sequencing was conducted to identify the isolates. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Pigment synthesis is the least expensive component of PSU construction in AAP bacteria and would not increase much even if [researchers] assume that oceanic AAP bacteria have two light harvesting antenna complexes rather than the one (LH1) commonly observed in marine AAP isolates (Koblížek et al. (harvard.edu)
  • A study was conducted to isolate phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from aerobic rice grown in Penang Malaysia and to determine some biochemical properties of the isolates such as, organic acids, enzymes, indoleacetic acid (IAA), siderophore production and its antagonistic effect against pathogen Rhizoctonia solani . (ajol.info)
  • Microaerophilic campylobacter isolates could be divided into two groups, one of which was as susceptible as aerobic bacteria (MIC50, 1 mg/liter) and the other of which was more highly susceptible (MIC50, 0.015 mg/liter). (asm.org)
  • perfringens), while Candle jar method show detection of 56 isolates in mixed cultures of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. (vetmedmosul.com)
  • ABSTRACT An improved and rapid biochemical identification of the culturable aerobic bacteria species associated with Galician oyster production was performed by the combination of numerical taxonomy and sequencing of 16S rRNA gene. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In wet seasons and under humid storage conditions, potato tubers are readily infected and decomposed by anaerobic bacteria ( Clostridium puniceum ). (sciencemag.org)
  • A strictly aerobic, mesophilic bacterium, strain AMX 51 T , was isolated from anaerobic digester sludge. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Aerobic Mesophilic Sporeforming Bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is strictly aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative and this genus produces both insoluble and soluble exopolysaccharides (EPSs). (sciencephoto.com)
  • nov., a strictly aerobic bacterium isolated from an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • A genus of gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore forming rods. (fpnotebook.com)
  • In particular the use of cultivation-independent methods targeting a subunit of the particulate methane monooxygenase ( pmoA ) as functional marker for the detection of aerobic methanotrophs has resulted in thousands of sequences representing "unknown methanotrophic bacteria. (frontiersin.org)
  • The discovery of evolutionary related monooxygenases in non-methanotrophic bacteria and of pmoA paralogs in methanotrophs requires that sequence clusters of uncultivated organisms have to be interpreted with care. (frontiersin.org)
  • Three types of aerobic methanotrophs are recognized. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aerobic methane oxidising bacteria (methanotrophs). (uea.ac.uk)
  • Species so far described are distributed rather widely within the α-subclass of Proteobacteria in which most of the purple nonsulfur bacteria as well as many non-photosynthetic bacteria are included. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under special circumstances, single species, including IgA1 protease-producing bacteria, may become predominant in a restricted area of the nasal mucosa. (nih.gov)
  • A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Achromobacter genus level. (fpnotebook.com)
  • tepidum species of green sulfur bacteria grown with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that provide spectrally tailored light in varied frequencies and intensities. (nature.com)
  • The bacteria genus Gordonia (formerly Gordona) and species Mycobacterium gordonae are named after her. (wikipedia.org)
  • This method is applicable to all viable and culturable bacteria containing C9-C20 fatty acids. (latesting.com)
  • The method is applicable to bulk solid and liquid samples containing culturable bacteria, as well as air samples. (latesting.com)
  • These bacteria absorb photons very efficiently using the chlorosome antenna complexes and perform photosynthesis in extreme low-light environments. (nature.com)
  • The structures and the molecular compositions of light-harvesting complexes LHCs are both dynamically regulated, which, in turn, allows the bacteria to adjust to their specific environments. (nature.com)
  • The role of AOBs in micropollutant removal was investigated with aerobic granular sludge (AGS), a promising technology for municipal WWTPs. (ugent.be)
  • The hygienisation effect was evaluated as a removal of counts of indicator bacteria, thermotolerant coliforms and enterococci as CFU/g total sludge solids and a frequency of a positive Salmonella spp. (iwaponline.com)
  • Benedict RG, Carlson DA (1971) Aerobic heterotrophic bacteria in activated sludge. (sciepub.com)
  • For distribution systems in public supplies where fewer than 10 samples are collected in a given sampling period, no sample should contain total coliform bacteria. (moldbacteriaconsulting.com)
  • In distribution systems where greater than 10 samples are collected in a given sampling period, no consecutive samples from the same site or not more than 10% of samples should show the presence of total coliform bacteria. (moldbacteriaconsulting.com)
  • 0, the growth of coliform bacteria and aerobic bacteria is not inhibited (Cai et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bioenergetics of photoheterotrophic bacteria in the oceans. (harvard.edu)
  • Cooperative communities of anaerobic archaea and anaerobic and aerobic bacteria spawn fierce enzymes to help their symbiotic hosts digest wood into sugar in about twenty-four hours. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • One remarkable aspect of these novel bacteria is that they, unlike other similar bacteria, are unable to utilize BChl (bacteriochlorophyll) for anaerobic growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abundance, depth distribution, and composition of aerobic bacteriochlorophyll a-producing bacteria in four basins of the central Baltic Sea. (semanticscholar.org)
  • There were no bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria on sponges or corals. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Publications] Shiba,T.,Shioi,Y.Takamiya,K.,Wilkinson C.R.,Sutton,D.C.: 'Distribution and physiology of aerobic bacteria containing bacteriochlorophyll a on the east and west coast of Australia. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Publications] Shiba,T.: 'Roseobacter litoralis gen.no.,sp.nov.,and Roseobactor denitrificans sp.nov.,aerobic pinkーpigmented bacteria which contain bacteriochlorophyll. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Chemolithotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and Thaumarchaeota are central players in the global nitrogen cycle. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • This book systematically investigates the nitrogen removal characteristics of two screened aerobic denitrifying bacteria and their applications in nitrogen oxides emissions reduction. (springer.com)
  • The genomic GC contents of both nitrogen-fixing and non-fixing members of eight genera of bacteria are investigated. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Analysis by t-tests showed that in the two aerobic genera investigated (Aquaspirillum and Vibrio) there is a significantly higher GC content in the nitrogen-fixing members of the genus than in those unable to Fix nitrogen, whilst in anaerobic genera there is either no GC bias, or in the case of two genera (Rhodospirillum and Clostridium) there is a significantly higher GC content in the non-fixing organisms. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • The purpose of this study was to identify triclosan tolerant heterotrophic plate count (HPC) bacteria from sewage effluent and to determine cross-resistance to antibiotics. (environmental-expert.com)
  • This test is commonly referred to as Heterotrophic Plate Count (HPC) or Total Aerobic Plate Count. (moldbacteriaconsulting.com)
  • No MAC is specified for heterotrophic plate count (HPC) bacteria in water supplied by public, semipublic, or private drinking water systems. (moldbacteriaconsulting.com)
  • Nitronaphthofurans inhibited the multiplication of aerobic bacteria at low concentrations (MIC for 50% of strains tested [MIC50], 1 mg/liter). (asm.org)
  • Bacti-Bio 1100G is a granular concentrate composed of 10 synergistic strains of nonpathogenic bacteria and molds designed to digest crude petroleum, creosote, phenols, paraffins, and other aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Effect of different nitroheterocyclic compounds on aerobic, microaerophilic, and anaerobic bacteria. (asm.org)
  • The antibacterial activities of different nitroheterocyclic compounds were assessed by an agar dilution method against aerobic, microaerophilic, and anaerobic bacteria. (asm.org)
  • Gram-negative bacteria are often associated with a high mortality rate, and if no action is taken to discover more new antibiotic compounds, antibiotic resistance is predicted to kill 10 million people every year globally by 2050 at a cost of $100 trillion. (pharmafile.com)
  • Sulfur in organic compounds typically is responsible for the strong unpleasant odor created by anaerobic bacteria in the septic tank environment. (aero-stream.com)
  • If you have a type of filter that uses media that you rinse out, rather than replace, rinse the filter media in chlorine free water (such as old pond water that you've removed during water changes) so that you don't kill the beneficial bacteria that live in the filter media. (schnarrsblog.com)
  • Beneficial bacteria that break down waste grow on just about every surface in the water, but are most numerous where there is porous material and the water flow is swift - conditions that exist inside a filter. (schnarrsblog.com)
  • If I dunked the filter parts in chlorinated water and scrubbed off the thin film that is all over the parts, I would be doing harm to my water quality because I would be removing beneficial bacteria that are helping and not in the way. (schnarrsblog.com)
  • In our BACTREX and MYCOTREX products are both biological agents that will introduce beneficial bacteria to the roots of a Cannabis plant, or any plant with a root system for that matter. (biotabs.nl)
  • Until the point of contact with a plant, the beneficial bacteria present will remain and only multiply as they have access to fresh air in an aerated growing medium such as fresh earth. (biotabs.nl)
  • Unfortunately hydrogen peroxide at any ratio will discourage the life of aerobic bacteria and should not be combined with a nutrient solution containing beneficial bacteria such as BACTREX and MYCOTREX . (biotabs.nl)
  • Obligate ammonia chemolithotrophy has been characterized for bacteria;however, large gaps remain in the Thaumarchaeotal pathway. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • The reason being aerobic bacteria require only a short amount of time to develop from millions in to billions, and it is the fungi present in a solution of microbes that require the full 24 hours. (biotabs.nl)
  • How aerobic bacteria and fungi interact with biochar is by allowing all of the microscopic hairs that are an extension of the root zone to push through into the tiniest crevices imaginable. (biotabs.nl)
  • With increasing depth, populations of aerobic bacteria , actinomycetes, and fungi decreased and the number of anaerobic bacteria increased. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Manuka honey has been found to be active against a broad spectrum of organisms--fungi, anaerobic and aerobic bacteria , and gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Methane-oxidizing bacteria are characterized by their capability to grow on methane as sole source of carbon and energy. (frontiersin.org)
  • The activity of methane-oxidizing bacteria contributes significantly to the global methane budget. (frontiersin.org)
  • All these ecosystems with source function for atmospheric methane are typical habitats of methane-oxidizing bacteria. (frontiersin.org)
  • Petri dishes and growth media surrounded by floating bacteria including aerobic and anaerobic bacteria: staphylococcus aureus. (indexedvisuals.com)
  • Ertapenem is a once-a-day carbapenem and has excellent activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic, facultative, and anaerobic bacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Preclinical in vitro studies have shown that this structurally unique carbapenem has excellent activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic, facultative, and anaerobic bacteria that, in general, are associated with community-acquired infections [ 1 - 6 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Most infections were caused by gram-negative aerobic bacteria , which are inhabitants of the digestive tract. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria in the family Alcaligenaceae. (fpnotebook.com)
  • In Japan for example the use of U.V. cleaning lights for hotels and public bathrooms, ensure that no virus or bacteria can physically survive under the bandwidth of U.V.B. Using U.V. cleaning lights for maintaining nutrient reservoirs is an excellent method to keep your water source sterile clean. (biotabs.nl)
  • Methods of increasing yields of succinate using aerobic culture methods and a multi-mutant E. coli strain are provided. (rice.edu)
  • Strain JM10 displayed very high levels of activity in aerobic conditions, consuming over 94.3% NO 3 − -N (approximately 3.06 mg L −1 ) with a maximum reduction rate of 0.108 mg NO 3 − -N L −1 h −1 . (environmental-expert.com)
  • The second strain, P.aeruginosa PCN-2 accumulated negligible NO during aerobic nitrate and nitrite removal and efficiently removed NO from flue gas. (springer.com)
  • Our investigations shed light on the evolution and functional implications in PGCs of marine aerobic anoxygenic phototrophs, and support the notion that AAP are a heterogenous physiological group phylogenetically scattered among Proteobacteria. (nih.gov)
  • Apparently, these aerobic BChl-containing bacteria represent an evolutionary transient phase from anaerobic phototrophs to aerobic non-phototrophs. (wikipedia.org)
  • In bacteria of the genus Acinetobacter , wax esters are generally considered to be energy storage components ( 3 , 22 ). (asm.org)
  • A genus of aerobic, Gram negative bacterium assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria and the family Alcaligenaceae. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Current data suggests that marine bacteria have generation times of several days, whereas new evidence exists that shows AAPB to have a much shorter generation time. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the bacteria group that can wipe out the good aerobic bacteria, causing an infection in vulnerable plants. (biotabs.nl)
  • The urine culture is a test that detects and identifies bacteria and yeast in the urine, which may be causing a urinary tract infection (UTI). (ihealthmantra.com)
  • Ideally, if a good clean catch sample was collected for the test (see below), then the only bacteria present should be due to an infection. (ihealthmantra.com)
  • This review article describes the present diversity of cultivated and uncultivated aerobic methanotrophic bacteria based on pmoA gene sequence diversity. (frontiersin.org)
  • It summarizes current knowledge about cultivated and major clusters of uncultivated methanotrophic bacteria and evaluates habitat specificity of these bacteria at different levels of taxonomic resolution. (frontiersin.org)
  • Recent sequencing of the genome and proteomic analysis of a model aerobic methanotrophic bacterium, Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath) has revealed a highly versatile metabolic potential. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Role of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in. (ugent.be)
  • This may be related to the activity of nitrifying organisms, such as ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOBs), which could possibly co-metabolically oxidize micropollutants with their ammonia monooxygenase (AMO). (ugent.be)
  • The growth of bacteria in the industrial environment can often lead to serious economic consequences. (environmental-expert.com)

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