Low Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Chronic Pain: Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Pain Management: A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.Neck Pain: Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.Pain Threshold: Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.Acute Pain: Intensely discomforting, distressful, or agonizing sensation associated with trauma or disease, with well-defined location, character, and timing.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Pain, Intractable: Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.Back Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.Lumbosacral Region: Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.Pelvic Pain: Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Pain, Referred: A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.Pain Perception: The process by which PAIN is recognized and interpreted by the brain.Chiropractic: An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890's based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease.Manipulation, Spinal: Adjustment and manipulation of the vertebral column.Sciatica: A condition characterized by pain radiating from the back into the buttock and posterior/lateral aspects of the leg. Sciatica may be a manifestation of SCIATIC NEUROPATHY; RADICULOPATHY (involving the SPINAL NERVE ROOTS; L4, L5, S1, or S2, often associated with INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT); or lesions of the CAUDA EQUINA.Intervertebral Disc Displacement: An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Lifting: Moving or bringing something from a lower level to a higher one. The concept encompasses biomechanic stresses resulting from work done in transferring objects from one plane to another as well as the effects of varying techniques of patient handling and transfer.Spinal DiseasesFacial Pain: Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Musculoskeletal Pain: Discomfort stemming from muscles, LIGAMENTS, tendons, and bones.Sacroiliac Joint: The immovable joint formed by the lateral surfaces of the SACRUM and ILIUM.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Shoulder Pain: Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Zygapophyseal Joint: The joint that occurs between facets of the interior and superior articular processes of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Sick Leave: An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: Degenerative changes in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISC due to aging or structural damage, especially to the vertebral end-plates.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Manipulation, Chiropractic: Procedures used by chiropractors to treat neuromusculoskeletal complaints.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Absenteeism: Chronic absence from work or other duty.Acupuncture: The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.Diskectomy: Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.Manipulation, Osteopathic: Musculoskeletal manipulation based on the principles of OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE developed in 1874 by Dr Andrew Taylor Still.Acupuncture Therapy: Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Human Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Spinal Stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal.Neuralgia: Intense or aching pain that occurs along the course or distribution of a peripheral or cranial nerve.Discitis: Inflammation of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC or disk space which may lead to disk erosion. Until recently, discitis has been defined as a nonbacterial inflammation and has been attributed to aseptic processes (e.g., chemical reaction to an injected substance). However, recent studies provide evidence that infection may be the initial cause, but perhaps not the promoter, of most cases of discitis. Discitis has been diagnosed in patients following discography, myelography, lumbar puncture, paravertebral injection, and obstetrical epidural anesthesia. Discitis following chemonucleolysis (especially with chymopapain) is attributed to chemical reaction by some and to introduction of microorganisms by others.Injections, Epidural: The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.Myofascial Pain Syndromes: Muscular pain in numerous body regions that can be reproduced by pressure on TRIGGER POINTS, localized hardenings in skeletal muscle tissue. Pain is referred to a location distant from the trigger points. A prime example is the TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.Sacrum: Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Massage: The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.Failed Back Surgery Syndrome: A condition of persistent pain and discomfort in the BACK and the LEG following lumbar surgery, often seen in patients enrolled in pain centers.Spinal Fusion: Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Manipulation, Orthopedic: The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)Thoracic Vertebrae: A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.Spondylolisthesis: Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Spondylolysis: Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.Musculoskeletal Manipulations: Various manipulations of body tissues, muscles and bones by hands or equipment to improve health and circulation, relieve fatigue, promote healing.Catastrophization: Cognitive and emotional processes encompassing magnification of pain-related stimuli, feelings of helplessness, and a generally pessimistic orientation.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Arthralgia: Pain in the joint.Nociceptive Pain: Dull or sharp aching pain caused by stimulated NOCICEPTORS due to tissue injury, inflammation or diseases. It can be divided into somatic or tissue pain and VISCERAL PAIN.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Torso: The central part of the body to which the neck and limbs are attached.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Spinal Fractures: Broken bones in the vertebral column.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Spinal Injuries: Injuries involving the vertebral column.Spondylarthritis: Inflammation of the joints of the SPINE, the intervertebral articulations.Nerve Block: Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Analgesia: Methods of PAIN relief that may be used with or in place of ANALGESICS.Hyperalgesia: An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.Fibromyalgia: A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, HEADACHES, and occasionally DEPRESSION. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome (FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC). Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. It is most frequent in females aged 20 to 50 years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1494-95)Physical Therapists: Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.Acupuncture Analgesia: Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Laminectomy: A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.Illness Behavior: Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Labor Pain: Pain associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR in CHILDBIRTH. It is caused primarily by UTERINE CONTRACTION as well as pressure on the CERVIX; BLADDER; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Labor pain mostly occurs in the ABDOMEN; the GROIN; and the BACK.Traction: The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation: The use of specifically placed small electrodes to deliver electrical impulses across the SKIN to relieve PAIN. It is used less frequently to produce ANESTHESIA.Injections, Spinal: Introduction of therapeutic agents into the spinal region using a needle and syringe.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Decompression, Surgical: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Clinical Protocols: Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Physical Therapy Specialty: The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.Complex Regional Pain Syndromes: Conditions characterized by pain involving an extremity or other body region, HYPERESTHESIA, and localized autonomic dysfunction following injury to soft tissue or nerve. The pain is usually associated with ERYTHEMA; SKIN TEMPERATURE changes, abnormal sudomotor activity (i.e., changes in sweating due to altered sympathetic innervation) or edema. The degree of pain and other manifestations is out of proportion to that expected from the inciting event. Two subtypes of this condition have been described: type I; (REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY) and type II; (CAUSALGIA). (From Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)Spinal Nerve Roots: Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS.Spinal Curvatures: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by abnormal bending or flexure in the vertebral column. They may be bending forward (KYPHOSIS), backward (LORDOSIS), or sideway (SCOLIOSIS).Psychophysiology: The study of the physiological basis of human and animal behavior.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Work Capacity Evaluation: Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.Visceral Pain: Pain originating from internal organs (VISCERA) associated with autonomic phenomena (PALLOR; SWEATING; NAUSEA; and VOMITING). It often becomes a REFERRED PAIN.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Abdominal Muscles: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)Spinal NeoplasmsWeight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Injections, Intra-Articular: Methods of delivering drugs into a joint space.Spondylosis: A degenerative spinal disease that can involve any part of the VERTEBRA, the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK, and the surrounding soft tissue.Spinal Canal: The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Bed Rest: Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic or experimental reasons.Return to Work: Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.Work: Productive or purposeful activities.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Exercise Movement Techniques: Methods or programs of physical activities which can be used to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Workload: The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.Analgesics, Non-Narcotic: A subclass of analgesic agents that typically do not bind to OPIOID RECEPTORS and are not addictive. Many non-narcotic analgesics are offered as NONPRESCRIPTION DRUGS.Fluoroscopy: Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.Spondylitis: Inflammation of the SPINE. This includes both arthritic and non-arthritic conditions.Anesthesia, Epidural: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.Acupuncture Points: Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.Spondylitis, Ankylosing: A chronic inflammatory condition affecting the axial joints, such as the SACROILIAC JOINT and other intervertebral or costovertebral joints. It occurs predominantly in young males and is characterized by pain and stiffness of joints (ANKYLOSIS) with inflammation at tendon insertions.Paraspinal Muscles: Deep muscles in the BACK whose function is to extend and rotate the SPINE and maintain POSTURE. It consists splenius, semispinalis, multifidus, rotatores, interspinales, intertransversarii and sacrospinalis.Epidural Abscess: Circumscribed collections of suppurative material occurring in the spinal or intracranial EPIDURAL SPACE. The majority of epidural abscesses occur in the spinal canal and are associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a vertebral body; ANALGESIA, EPIDURAL; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include local and radicular pain, weakness, sensory loss, URINARY INCONTINENCE, and FECAL INCONTINENCE. Cranial epidural abscesses are usually associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a cranial bone, SINUSITIS, or OTITIS MEDIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p710 and pp1240-1; J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Aug;65(2):209-12)Athletic Tape: Adhesive tape with the mechanical strength to resist stretching. It is applied to the skin to support, stabilize, and restrict movement to aid healing and/or prevent injuries of MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Headache: The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.Rehabilitation, Vocational: Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.Lidocaine: A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of PROCAINE but its duration of action is shorter than that of BUPIVACAINE or PRILOCAINE.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Psychology: The science dealing with the study of mental processes and behavior in man and animals.Diskectomy, Percutaneous: Percutaneous excision of a herniated or displaced INTERVERTEBRAL DISC by posterolateral approach, always remaining outside the spinal canal. Percutaneous nucleotomy was first described by Hijikata in Japan in 1975. In 1985 Onik introduced automated percutaneous nucleotomy which consists in percutaneous aspiration of the nucleus pulposus. It is carried out under local anesthesia, thus reducing the surgical insult and requiring brief hospitalization, often performed on an outpatient basis. It appears to be a well-tolerated alternative to surgical diskectomy and chymopapain nucleolysis.Pain Clinics: Facilities providing diagnostic, therapeutic, and palliative services for patients with severe chronic pain. These may be free-standing clinics or hospital-based and serve ambulatory or inpatient populations. The approach is usually multidisciplinary. These clinics are often referred to as "acute pain services". (From Br Med Bull 1991 Jul;47(3):762-85)Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Cumulative Trauma Disorders: Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.Complementary Therapies: Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal: Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Balneology: Therapy by various hot or warm baths in natural mineral waters, spas, or "cures". It includes not only bathing in, but also drinking the waters, but it does not include whirlpool baths (HYDROTHERAPY).Yoga: A major orthodox system of Hindu philosophy based on Sankhya (metaphysical dualism) but differing from it in being theistic and characterized by the teaching of raja-yoga as a practical method of liberating the self. It includes a system of exercises for attaining bodily or mental control and well-being with liberation of the self and union with the universal spirit. (From Webster, 3d ed)Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Bankruptcy: The state of legal insolvency with assets taken over by judicial process so that they may be distributed among creditors.Nociceptors: Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Epidural Space: Space between the dura mater and the walls of the vertebral canal.AxisAge Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Electric Stimulation Therapy: Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.Palpation: Application of fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body to determine consistence of parts beneath in physical diagnosis; includes palpation for determining the outlines of organs.Spinal Cord Compression: Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Spinal Nerves: The 31 paired peripheral nerves formed by the union of the dorsal and ventral spinal roots from each spinal cord segment. The spinal nerve plexuses and the spinal roots are also included.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Polyradiculopathy: Disease or injury involving multiple SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Polyradiculitis refers to inflammation of multiple spinal nerve roots.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Back Muscles: Musculature of the BACK.Episode of Care: An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Joint DiseasesBraces: Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Sacrococcygeal Region: The body region between (and flanking) the SACRUM and COCCYX.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Steroids: A group of polycyclic compounds closely related biochemically to TERPENES. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons. Steroids have a common nucleus, a fused, reduced 17-carbon atom ring system, cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene. Most steroids also have two methyl groups and an aliphatic side-chain attached to the nucleus. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Nursing: The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.Spinal Cord Diseases: Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.

A chiropractic service arrangement for musculoskeletal complaints in industry: a pilot study. (1/1089)

Chiropractic services are commonly used by workers with musculoskeletal problems, especially low back and neck complaints. Research into the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this approach is, however, difficult to design without prior pilot studies. This study followed 32 workers with these complaints attending one such service and used five measures of outcome over a 6-month period. These measured pain (VAS), disability (FLP), quality of life (SF-36), perceived benefit and satisfaction with care. Additionally, sickness costs to the companies were recorded over two years encompassing the study period. Treatment utilization was also monitored. Over half the population were chronic sufferers. The effect sizes were large for pain and for seven out of eight dimensions of the SF-36 questionnaire at 6-month follow-up, although not for disability (FLP). High levels of satisfaction and perceived improvement were reported and sickness costs to the companies fell. However, the sample size in this pilot study was small and did not include controls. We would, therefore, recommend a full cost-effectiveness study incorporating a randomized trial in this area.  (+info)

Back care instructions in physical therapy: a trend analysis of individualized back care programs. (2/1089)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The treatment of people with low back pain often includes giving a variety of instructions about back care. The objective of our study was to explore the content and sequence of these instructions. SUBJECTS: Our database contained information on 1,151 therapy sessions for 132 patients who were treated by 21 therapists. METHODS: Hierarchical linear modeling was used to establish trends in instructions during the course of treatment. Instructions were measured by means of a registration form. RESULTS: Pain management instructions were given at the start of treatment and then decreased in later sessions. Instructions about taking care of the back in daily activities followed the same course. Exercise instructions were introduced after the start of treatment and were spread evenly across the visits. The number of recommendations about general fitness decreased during treatment. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The majority of back care instructions were spread evenly across therapy visits. Relatively little variation in instructions among patients was seen, which may indicate a lack of individualization of the back care programs.  (+info)

A new gatekeeper for back pain. (3/1089)

Managed care programs have evolved in response to the escalating costs of healthcare in the United States. Expenses related to back pain represent a significant portion of these costs. Chiropractic physicians handle more back pain visits than do medical doctors and are playing an increasing role in the management of neuromusculoskeletal problems in general. Furthermore, chiropractic patients are more satisfied with their care than are patients of family physicians. A number of studies have shown chiropractic medicine to have high efficacy and cost-effectiveness. Its utilization for neuromusculoskeletal problems in the managed care setting may well offer competitive advantages. Using chiropractic physicians as gatekeepers for back pain would result in more expedient movement through the algorithmic process and facilitate treatment of the patient with acute back pain. Many medical facilities are enhancing their services by utilizing chiropractic physicians as gatekeepers for the diagnosis and treatment of neuromusculoskeletal disorders.  (+info)

The assessment of appropriate indications for laminectomy. (4/1089)

We have developed criteria to determine the appropriate indications for lumbar laminectomy, using the standard procedure developed at the RAND corporation and the University of California at Los Angeles (RAND-UCLA). A panel of five surgeons and four physicians individually assessed 1000 hypothetical cases of sciatica, back pain only, symptoms of spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, miscellaneous indications or the need for repeat laminectomy. For the first round each member of the panel used a scale ranging from 1 (extremely inappropriate) to 9 (extremely appropriate). After discussion and condensation of the results into three categories laminectomy was considered appropriate in 11% of the 1000 theoretical scenarios, equivocal in 26% and inappropriate in 63%. There was some variation between the six categories of malalignment, but full agreement in 64% of the hypothetical cases. We applied these criteria retrospectively to the records of 196 patients who had had surgical treatment for herniated discs in one Swiss University hospital. We found that 48% of the operations were for appropriate indications, 29% for equivocal reasons and that 23% were inappropriate. The RAND-UCLA method is a feasible, useful and coherent approach to the study of the indications for laminectomy and related procedures, providing a number of important insights. Our conclusions now require validation by carefully designed prospective clinical trials, such as those which are used for new medical techniques.  (+info)

Pharmacokinetics of glycosylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (lenograstim) in healthy male volunteers. (5/1089)

AIMS: The aim of this open, randomised, crossover, parallel-group study was to compare the pharmacokinetics and neutrophil responses of lenograstim when administered subcutaneously (s.c.) and intravenously (i.v.). METHODS: A total of 27 healthy male volunteers was recruited. Lenograstim doses (0.5, 2, 5, or 10 microg kg(-1)) were administered s.c. or i.v. once-daily for 5 days, and then, after a 10-day washout period, vice versa for a further 5 days. Lenograstim concentrations and absolute neutrophil counts (ANCs) were measured predosing and postdosing on days 1 and 5. RESULTS: Maximum serum concentrations of lenograstim were higher following i.v. dosing (mean 5.2-185.5 vs 0.7-30.0 ng ml(-1) after s.c. dosing on day 1) and attained sooner (median 0.5-0.8 vs 4.7-8.7 h on day 1). However, apparent elimination half-lives of lenograstim were longer following s.c. dosing (mean 2.3-3.3 vs 0.8-1.2 h after i.v. dosing on days 1 and 5). ANCs increased in a dose-dependent manner with both routes of lenograstim, but more prolonged rises and higher ANC peaks were attained following s.c. doses. ANCs peaked on day 6 following 5 microg kg(-1) s.c. doses (mean peak=26.3x10(9) cells l(-1)), but on day 2 after 5 microg kg(-1) i.v. doses (mean peak = 12.4 x 10(9) cells l(-1)). Irrespective of route, the most common adverse events were headaches and back/spine pain; at doses of up to 5 microg kg(-1) these were mild and generally well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: While supporting the use of both s.c. and i.v. administered lenograstim to treat neutropenia, these results demonstrate that neutrophil responses are more sustained and prolonged with the s.c. route.  (+info)

Rheumatic disease and the Australian aborigine. (6/1089)

OBJECTIVE: To document the frequency and disease phenotype of various rheumatic diseases in the Australian Aborigine. METHODS: A comprehensive review was performed of the archaeological, ethnohistorical, and contemporary literature relating to rheumatic diseases in these indigenous people. RESULTS: No evidence was found to suggest that rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), or gout occurred in Aborigines before or during the early stages of white settlement of Australia. Part of the explanation for the absence of these disorders in this indigenous group may relate to the scarcity of predisposing genetic elements, for example, shared rheumatoid epitope for RA, B27 antigen for AS. In contrast, osteoarthritis appeared to be common particularly involving the temporomandibular joint, right elbow and knees and, most probably, was related to excessive joint loading in their hunter gatherer lifestyle. Since white settlement, high frequency rates for rheumatic fever, systemic lupus erythematosus, and pyogenic arthritis have been observed and there are now scanty reports of the emergence of RA and gout in these original Australians. CONCLUSION: The occurrence and phenotype of various rheumatic disorders in Australian Aborigines is distinctive but with recent changes in diet, lifestyle, and continuing genetic admixture may be undergoing change. An examination of rheumatic diseases in Australian Aborigines and its changing phenotype may lead to a greater understanding of the aetiopathogenesis of these disorders.  (+info)

Back pain among persons working on small or family farms--eight Colorado counties, 1993-1996. (7/1089)

In the United States, work-related back pain often results in lost wages, reduced productivity, and increased medical costs. However, national surveillance data about these injuries, such as occupationally acquired back pain among workers on small or family farms, are limited. To characterize back pain in a farming population, researchers at Colorado State University interviewed adult farmers residing in eight northeastern Colorado counties (Larimer, Logan, Morgan, Phillips, Sedgewick, Washington, Weld, and Yuma) during 1993-1996, using the Colorado Farm Family Health and Hazard Survey (CFFHHS). This report summarizes the findings of CFFHHS, which indicate that back pain is common among farmers and most frequently attributed to repeated activities (RAs) (e.g. lifting, pushing, pulling, bending, twisting, and reaching).  (+info)

Type B aortic dissection and thoracoabdominal aneurysm formation after endoluminal stent repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. (8/1089)

Endoluminal stent graft repair of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms is being performed in increasing numbers. The long-term benefits of this technology remain to be seen. Reports have begun to appear regarding complications of stent graft application, such as renal failure, intestinal infarction, distal embolization, and rupture. Many of these complications have been associated with a fatal outcome. We describe a case of acute, retrograde, type B aortic dissection after application of an endoluminal stent graft for an asymptomatic infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. An extent I thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm subsequently developed and was successfully repaired. Aggressive evaluation of new back pain after such a procedure is warranted. Further analysis of the short-term complications and long-term outcome of this new technology is indicated before universal application can be recommended.  (+info)

Though chronic upper back pain is not as commonly experienced as lower back pain, it is nevertheless as painful as neck and lower back pain. Most often, chronic upper back pain occurs when a person tries to twist the neck or just turn it and because the upper back is not used to being turned or twisted it can lead to pain in the upper back. It is only when such pain persists and lasts for more than ninety days that the condition is called chronic upper back pain. In other instances when the pain does not last for so long, the common term used is acute back pain.. Proper Diagnosis. To effectively treat chronic upper back pain requires that the symptoms be properly diagnosed and the root cause isolated, both of which usually occur because of irritation of muscles and even malfunctioning joints. Joints only begin to malfunction when the joints that lie between the ribs and the upper back become strained or injured. On the other hand, irritation in the muscles is caused by lack of proper activity or ...
Obviously, if you happen to be suffering from severe chronic back pain you would need to treat the condition as gently as possible. In fact, for patients of severe chronic back pain there is certainly a pressing need to consult a professional regarding the most appropriate treatment method. Among the many different severe chronic back pain treatment methods there is one that stands out from the rest and that is the one known as Racz-catheter procedure.. How Long Is Long Enough?. It is also necessary to learn just how long the treatment for severe chronic back pain should last and when will it become necessary to consider having surgery done. Finally, you need to also establish which procedure is best and when to opt for more minimal treatments. There is also need for a patient to understand that there is an urgent need to stop the severe chronic back pain from worsening and to also make sure that things remain under control so it is necessary to consult a neurosurgeon or orthopedic ...
Upper back pain, unlike lower back, is not common. It is characterized by pain and discomfort in the neck, upper back, or middle back. The pain occurs between the bottom of the neck to the base of the rib cage. There are twelve vertebrae in the upper and middle back. These vertebrae are attached to the rib cage, and work in cooperation with the rib cage to keep the organs protected. Because the vertebrae are attached to the rib cage, they do not move or flex as much as the vertebrae in the lower back. Because of this, pain is not as common in the upper back. A number of things can cause upper back pain, including bad posture, excessive weight, or injury.. Upper back pain is usually caused by bad posture, trauma, sudden injury, or strain that occurs over a period of time. Many people who sit at desks all day and work at computers suffer from lower back pain. The upper back muscles are more prone to developing irritation, so muscle irritation is another common cause of upper back pain. This ...
Lerner, Fred N, et. al. A doubleblind comparative study of microstimulation and placebo effect in short term treatment of the chronic back pain patient. Journal of the American Chiropractic Association, 15(11):101-106, 1981. Download article. This was the first published report introducing bioconductive therapy using the Alpha-Stim when it was still a prototype. 40 subjects were selected from the first authors practice, from 19 to 63 years old (mean of 38.3 years), 58% females, with chronic (more than 12 months), persistent back pain with few, if any, remissions. 25 (63%) had low back pain, 15 (37%) had pain above T7, 31 (78%) had headaches, and 26 (65%) had extremity pain. After providing informed consent, they were divided into 2 matched groups based on a 2 week pre-study analyses of hourly 0 - 5 pain evaluation charts: one group received Alpha-Stim stimulation, and the other placebo. The same hourly pain charts were used during the actual 2 week treatment period, 2 weeks after treatment, and ...
Of be aware, in vitro fertilization can, in fact, overcome this problem as nicely. And. Exciting news. no one is perfect as i see you each should not totally different. Some pregnant ladies may test unfavourable presently, however a repeat blood or urine check can produce a optimistic outcome a few days later shoulder and upper back pain during pregnancy the 10th-14th day). For the week 1 of your being pregnant, the well being care supplier will count forty weeks from the primary date of your last menstruation. Printed June 16, 2008. It is not uncommon for newborns to have some lanugo that disappears over the first few months of shoulder and upper back pain during pregnancy. Am i pregnant. Nevertheless its not enough. And, of course, never shoulder and upper back pain during pregnancy your little one unattended round water. This article is VERY interesting. Soon after conception there is a feeling of tenderness or fullness. Take any over-the-counter medications, pharmaceuticals or natural ...
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This page contains the article Pulmonary Embolism in a Female Collegiate Cross-country Runner Presenting as Nonspecific Back Pain http://www.chiro.org/LINKS/ABSTRACTS/Pulmonary_Embolism_in_a_Female.shtml
Cymbalta User Reviews for Chronic Pain at Drugs.com - Cymbalta review summary. 6.1/10 Average Rating. 35 Ratings with 31 User Reviews. Compare all 74 medications used in the treatment of Chronic Pain….. T6- T7 Thoracic cause burning pain in Upper back/triceps - Welcome to Spine-healths Upper Back Pain patient community. You can also read doctor approved Upper Back Pain Articles and watch Upper Back Pain Videos….. Upper back pain , arm pain , chest pain - Anxiety Forums … - Author Topic: Upper back pain , arm pain , chest pain (Read 38332 times)…. Upper Back Pain and tingling/numbness in fingers … - Hi, welcome to the world of chronic pain. Are you on any mussle relaxers cause it sounds like the pain I get when Im in spasam.Does it get worse when you are in a ……. Upper and Middle Back Pain , Health Encyclopedia , Norris … - Topic Overview Is this topic for you? This topic provides an overview of upper and middle back pain. If you have low back pain or neck pain, see the topic ...
Chronic Back Pain is a type of back pain and its a major concern for all. Read the article about what are the causes and symptoms of chronic back pain.
Analgesics, muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory drugs, and other medications can be used to help control chronic back pain. But most come with unknown side effects and arent meant for prolonged use.. "Opioid medications generally should not be used as the first, the only or the long-term field of treatment for chronic back pain," urges Nava. A lot of them are addictive and do not address the root cause of your pain. Opioids should be directed only after a thorough test by a professional and when other medications have failed to offer relief. If you end up relying on opioids to get through the day, it could be time to find another opinion.. ...
If you suffer from chronic back pain you are no doubt aware of how debilitating this pain can be. Everyday tasks that once seemed simple can become difficult, sometimes even impossible, and finding relief can be tough. There are a number of different causes for chronic back pain, ranging from…. ...
How to Relieve Chronic Back Pain Naturally. Chronic back pain can be a difficult medical condition to live with on a daily basis. If youre tired of dealing with the pain, but dont want to rush into a potentially costly or unnecessary...
What is upper back pain? Upper back pain is any type of pain or discomfort throughout the back side of the chest and upper abdominal area. ...
Upper back pain near spine - Upper back pain on right side of spine? Rhomboid strain. Tenderness is a hallmark nsaids, and a good massage heat will help muscle pain.
Sudden sharp upper back pain - All of a sudden I started having sharp upper back pain specially when I breathe should I be concern? Sharp pain. With breathing, you should have it investigated by pcp.
Suffering from upper back pain for far too long? Its about time you begin to heal. Try acupuncture for upper back pain to experience natural healing!
Neck and upper back pain have become more common with the use of high tech communication equipment. Have you noticed that everywhere you go people are using their smart phones, iPads or other devices to text or read? People are using their devices in coffee shops, restaurants, shopping malls, and even walking down the street. This article discusses activities that a person can do to avoid or help to reduce neck and upper back pain from prolonged use...... Continue reading → ...
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Severe or sharp pain in your middle or upper tummy, with or without nausea or vomiting, could. Severe pain on either side or both sides of your lower belly needs. Heavy bleeding, combined with persistent back pain or abdominal pain.. 17.09.2011 · Numerous conditions can cause lower back and lower abdominal pain. According to FamilyDoctor.org, an information website produced by the.. 17.09.2011 · Numerous conditions can cause lower back and lower abdominal pain. According to FamilyDoctor.org, an information website produced by the.. 17.09.2011 · Some conditions can cause upper abdominal pain and back pain. According to the Merck Manuals website, although most abdominal pain is not.. Apr 15, 2015. Patient may also feel pelvic pressure or pain in the lower back. If you are experiencing severe pain with heavy bleeding, then please visit your.. I have been having a sharp burning pain in my upper back mostly on the left side by the shoulder blade. At times my neck and left arm are effected ...
What you must know about upper back pain. Understand upper left back pain, upper right back pain, back pain causes + How to treat pain in upper back
Brain scans could reveal whether a patient will develop chronic back pain. In a recent study, brain scans taken early in the course of low-back pain predicted chronicity with 85% accuracy.. This is the first time scientists can look at two patients with the same injury and predict who will suffer from chronic pain, neuroscientist Vania Apkarian told Science Now.. Researchers took brain scans of 39 patients with moderate to severe back pain. For a year after the initial tests, researchers took four additional brain scans and tracked patients pain levels.. Although 20 patients recovered, 19 continued to suffer from persistent pain. Those patients had altered activity in the parts of the brain involved in learning and emotional responses, called the insula and the nucleus accumbens. This suggests that how these regions of the brain interact with one another could contribute to chronic pain. The communication between two regions could also influence how the brain reorganizes itself after an injury. ...
If your back pain is chronic, or if it doesnt sufficiently improve using Self-Care / Self Treatment, Medications and Therapies, or Chronic Back Pain options listed above, then a range of surgical treatment options may be available and appropriate.. If you suffer from unrelenting or chronic back pain, or if nerve compression is causing worsening muscle weakness, then you surgery might be an effective option.. However, surgery is a suitable treatment option for very few of people who suffer from back pain. reason for this is that surgery is usually reserved for a very limited range of back pain causes, such as back pain resulting from a Herniated Disc. At current time, surgical techniques are largely ineffective for muscle or soft-tissue related causes of back pain.. Following types of back surgery are currently available:. Artificial Disc Replacement Surgery: is surgery to replace a degenerated disc with an artificial disc.. Discectomy / Microdiscectomy: is surgery to correct a Spinal Disc ...
You just dont feel right; Abdominal pain, with or without nausea or vomiting; Fever. or dizziness; Severe lower abdominal pain; Baby not moving or moving less. Heavy bleeding, especially with long-lasting back or abdominal pain, could.. Heavy bleeding, combined with persistent back pain or abdominal pain. Many women feel dizzy during pregnancy, but if you faint you should see your doctor.. Back pain affects most of us at some time in our lives. Learn about common causes, tests and diagnosis, and methods of treatment and prevention.. Dizziness, Frequent urge to urinate, Pain or discomfort (Abdomen (lower)). of excess waste in the kidney, causes pain of the lower back and urinary issues.. Dizziness, Pain or discomfort (Abdomen (lower)) and Pain or discomfort (Back) WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the.. This is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) when it happens in the part of the aorta thats in your abdomen.. Nausea, Lower Back and ...
Download back, back pain, cervical nerve, chronic back pain, spinal nerve, women icon in .PNG or .ICO format. Icon designed by Delwar Hossain found in the icon set Diseases & Health Conditions
Question - Severe back pain, thecal sac impingement. Treatment?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Severe back pain, Ask a General & Family Physician
Medication. There are several different types of medication used to treat back pain. Though primarily used to treat seizures, anticonvulsants are also effective for treating chronic pain. Another option is low doses of antidepressants; these drugs regulate the levels of chemicals in the brain, such as norepinephrine and serotonin, which is believed to help control pain. Pain relief creams and sprays might also be useful, as they can help minimize the sensation of pain and reduce inflammation. For severe cases of chronic back pain, narcotics may be prescribed ...
The FDA has approved duloxetine hydrochloride (Cymbalta, manufactured by Eli Lilly) an antidepressant, to treat chronic back pain and osteoarthritis pain. The FDA granted the new indication based on results of four double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trails in which patients randomized to duloxetine reported a greater reduction compared with the placebo group. In addition to its use for treatment of depression, duloxetine is approved for treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, generalized anxiety disorder, and fibromyalgia.. Are you ready for this?: The most common side effects reported in the back pain and osteoarthritis trials were nausea, dry mouth, insomnia, drowsiness, constipation, fatigue, and dizziness. Other serious side effects, which occurred in less than 1% of patients, included liver damage, allergic reactions such as hives, rashes and/or swelling of the face, pneumonia, depressed mood, suicide, and suicidal thoughts and behavior. I have patients who come in ...
Question - Took pre-employment urine drug screen. Taking methadone for chronic back pain. Will that show positive?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Back pain, Ask an Internal Medicine Specialist
I occassionally recommend surgury for back pain but I am still wary of surgury to relieve back-pain. If you suffer from chronic back pain, before you resort to
Did you know that 54 percent of Americans have suffered from chronic back pain for five years or more? Are you one of them?. Some people blame stress for their back pain, while others blame injuries or poor posture. Some have no idea at all whats causing their pain.. If youve been wondering, "why does my back hurt?" keep reading. Some common causes of back pain - along with tips on how to relieve that pain - are explained below.. Why Does My Back Hurt?. There are lots of issues that can contribute to chronic back pain. Some common causes include:. Spinal Sprains or Strains. Often, back pain can be attributed to an injury like a sprain (stretched or torn ligament) or a strain (stretched or torn muscle). If youve been in a car accident or involved in a sports injury, you could have sustained a strain or a sprain.. These injuries can also stem from simply overstretching when reaching overhead or reaching behind you to grab something.. Sacroiliac Joint Inflammation. If the cartilage surrounding ...
Overview of pain management and treatment for chronic back pain and neck pain, including medications, non-invasive and invasive pain medicine.
Back pain can be triggered by many things. Acute back pain will often go away by itself, but serves as a warning that some additional self-care practices need to be followed. On the other hand, chronic back pain, the kind that lasts over three months, may require a variety of treatment options for optimal results.   Because most back pain is caused by weak muscles, an important part of any care plan for back pain will involve exercise.   At WholeHealthMD, we also recommend some nutritional sup...
Nonspecific back pain refers to pain in the back due to an unknown cause. This type of pain may be persistent and disabling and may or may not respond readily to over the counter drugs.
This surgery can help relieve chronic back pain - Back surgery isnt what it used to be, and thats a good thing. Todays less-invasive procedures are quick, effective...
Upper back pain treatment through advanced methodology that repairs the damage without injections or surgery. Get lasting relief from upper & mid back pain.
Prolotherapy is an alternative treatment used for the treatment of chronic back pain that may be caused by (at least in part) by damaged, weak, or lax ligaments.
Well…all I can say is "everyone is entitled to their own opinion". But if you are going to give patients or friends advice about a chronic back pain treatment that could potentially change their lives forever…you better know what you are talking about.. So what exactly does spinal decompression do anyway and what makes so many herniated disc patients want to do it?. I like to refer to spinal decompression as a respirator for the spinal disc. A respirator for the lungs helps the lungs to breath when they are unable to do so on their own…until they can. Spinal decompression machines like the DRX9000 help the lumbar spinal discs (DRX9000c for cervical discs) to do what they would if they could.. So what is a spinal disc supposed to do?. A spinal disc has two primary functions:. 1. The spinal disc acts as a ligament to hold the vertebrae above and below together and create separation of the bones so the spinal nerves can pass through to all all the muscles, glands, and organs. Spinal nerves ...
Rehabilitation If surgery is done to correct chronic back pain, the rehabilitation can vary among patients. Many surgeons will prescribe outpatient physical therapy within three weeks after surgery, which can last 6-8 weeks or more. Full recovery can range between four months to one year. At first, therapy is used for controlling pain and inflammation, with the ultimate goal of returning to daily activities, exercise and normal range of motion. ...
This stock medical exhibit includes a diagram showing chronic back pain and bilateral radiculopathy. Also shown is a surgical procedure implanting a spinal cord stimulator.
Q1. Are there things we can do to minimize chronic back pain other than strengthening the core? In addition to core strengthening, I typically recommend
Learn how psychological factors affect chronic back pain from Cleveland Clinic. These factors rarely cause the pain, but do affect it greatly.
When you suffer from chronic back pain, unfortunately it generally means that you have more questions than answers. That can be awful frustrating if youre s
Hi all, I thought that I might have some loose hardware because of my upper back pain, but the CT scan didnt show that. Im wondering if anyone else has had similar symptoms to mine and has found out what was wrong. I have a fusion from L3-T4 and seem to have some sharp pain around T7 or T8, but my whole upper back between my shoulder blades just hurts really badly. It mostly hurts whenever I extend my arms to do something, such as reaching in the fridge, opening a door, switching laundry,
Hi all, I thought that I might have some loose hardware because of my upper back pain, but the CT scan didnt show that. Im wondering if anyone else has had similar symptoms to mine and has found out what was wrong. I have a fusion from L3-T4 and seem to have some sharp pain around T7 or T8, but my whole upper back between my shoulder blades just hurts really badly. It mostly hurts whenever I extend my arms to do something, such as reaching in the fridge, opening a door, switching laundry,
Suffering from chronic back pain? Trust out Bolingbrook non-surgical disc relief specialist for the care you need. Leading non-surgical disc & laser center!
Even after many tests and doctor visits, in a small percentage of patients the anatomical cause for your back pain may remain elusive. If this is the case, the pain still needs to be treated and there are a variety of nonsurgical care options that can help alleviate or manage the pain.. Psychological factors, such as depression and sleeplessness, can make the pain worse and also need to be included as part of a comprehensive treatment program.. See Chronic Pain and Insomnia: Breaking the Cycle. For persistent back pain and/or any neurological symptoms, it is always important to see a qualified spine specialist for a diagnosis. Ultimately, participating in the decision-making process about your medical care may help you have a better outcome. Understanding your pain is an important element of this process.. ...
A 67-year-old male reports with chronic back pain. The patients past medical history was not provided at the time of formal reading.|br />
If you have chronic back pain and other subsequent ailments, you know how disruptive to your life it can be. You probably cant think of anything else except finding relief.
Lately, whenever I sneeze, I get severe upper back pain in the center of my back. It feels equivelent to having a sharp object impaled into my back and hitting my chest and almost my lungs. The pains...
Our NYC chiropractic & pain management team can help you if you suffer from chronic upper back pain in the area of the thoracic vertebrae. Were in NoHo NYC
Our NYC chiropractic & pain management team can help you if you suffer from chronic upper back pain in the area of the thoracic vertebrae. Were in NoHo NYC
List of 55 causes for Upper abdominal pain and Upper back pain, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Is it tough to handle all of the things they face. The research talked about a few paragraphs above right here seem to assist the fact that the 280 day imply, 9-10 day standard deviation is the norm. Miscarriage: Its usually believed that the first trimester is probably the most essential time of pregnancy. When I am hungry, Ive to eat one thing, and quick. These uncomfortable side effects had been occurred less in non-pregnant sufferers compared to pregnant patients. Accurate relationship of pregnancy is essential, because its used in calculating the outcomes of assorted prenatal tests(for example, in the triple take a look at ). A simple blood test performed at a prenatal visit will check for anemia. Pregnant ladies who are carrying twins, the uterus might be pregnamcy identical dimension as pregjancy could be at 40 weeks in a singleton pregnancy and in the remaining 2 months, youre getting even larger. Vital upper back pain relief pregnancy when anticipating. Do Consult Your Doctor, ...
No sickness in any zecond, no cramping and upper back pain pregnancy second trimester dont prenancy pregnant!. Thats as a result of 5 to 10 days after your egg and his sperm rendezvous in your fallopian tube, the fertilized egg burrows into the liner of your uterus. Additionally they still left me in ache. But I actually hope this is not going to endin a mc. However, even this methods swcond fail; numerous issues could cause your BBT to spike, including illness (which might clarify your physical symptoms), sleep issues, and consumer error. 5 F. Such outcomes may occur extra commonly in early being pregnant or if the urine is too diluted to detect hCG. And get entry to my Hospital Bag Guidelines printable whenever you sign up. These are, um, important, for a powerful reproductive system in women. Theyre known as Montgomerys tubercules. In case your professional activities are essential to your self-esteem, its possible youll really feel isolated from peers and unable to satisfy the ...
I have right neck and upper back pain. I am also limping. I have dull aches in my right leg, which can go up to my knee or hip. I feel as though I have sprained my ankle. What can it be?
Hi I recently noticed that I had upper back pain, nagging not too severe and booked myself in for a massage in a sports clinic; it was a deep tissue
Whats the most common cause of upper back pain? Is it herniated disks? Is it neck bones that are out of place? Is it your neighbors or your job? Not likely any
If you experience upper back pain after eating, you likely are concerned and want to get to the bottom of it. Its caused by a wide variety of issues.
Upper back pain during pregnancy can occur at any point, but is most common in the third trimester. This occurs for several reasons.
Back pain is one of the biggest causes of time off work in the UK. Indeed, in 2015, statistics show that 10 million work days were lost due to back pain. This costs the country £1 billion in lost earnings a year, according to the British Chiropractic Association. But for the individual, it is a case of being unable to do normal everyday things without pain interfering. And this issue covers all age groups. The statistics show that 1.89 million of the days lost were from 25-34 year olds.. Most episodes of back pain are unable to be sourced to a specific anatomical issue, so these are termed as non-specific back pain. It is rare that a person only suffers a single episode of back pain in their life. One episode can lead to chronic pain later on, although medical science is still trying to understand the conditions or factors that lead to the pain escalation. Read more on this article: ...
They can also be categorized as acute back pain, where the pain exist for 4 weeks, sub acute back pain, pain for 4 weeks to 12 weeks, and any back pain beyond 12 weeks is termed to be chronic back pain. Continue this process for six months to get rid of the kidney stones and prevent the new formations. Powered appropriately to assess for a 20% difference in 3-month stone clearance rates, 120 patients were studied; 60 in each group sleeping either ipsilaterally or contralaterally. At this center Dr.Deepak Bolbandi developed his skills in Urology under Dr. British public and Asians that drinking black tea with milk treatment for kidney stones in kidney to the catechins and robs it of some of its antioxidant properties.
The American Chiropractic Association indicates that half of all working people having chronic back pain. In fact, back pain is one of the most common...
Katie Blake, age 39, a married mother of two from Somerset, UK, began suffering from chronic back pain after a near fatal car accident which occurred in January 2006. She has recently been feeling very low, due to lack of sleep caused by her back condition. When asked how her back pain had been affecting her sleep, heres what she had to say,. "Since suffering with chronic back pain after the accident, Ive found that I constantly toss and turn from one side to another just to try and get some relief.. There are nights when the pain seems so unbearable, almost as though my lower back is splitting in two; that trying to change sides literally leaves me in tears. So, I prop myself up with cushions and try to force myself to lie still on my back, only to wake up as stiff as a board the next morning.. When youve got to get up early, to sort out two young kids on after virtually no sleep at all, well, what can I say, its no laughing matter is it!". Unfortunately, Katies story is not an isolated ...
Get information on causes of mild to severe lower back pain (arthritis, pregnancy, herniated disc, sciatica, ovarian cysts). Read about low back pain.
Nearly everyone at some point has lower back pain that interferes with work, routine daily activities, or recreation. If you Painkillers (opioids) are prescribed to treat severe acute and chronic back pain but should be used only for a short period of time and under a doctors supervision ... Read Article ...
Lately Ive been experiencing severe back pain, to the point where its getting actually hard to function in life (this morning getting out of bed and driving to work were excruciating).
Many people who have given up hope of ever finding relief from chronic disc pain may be good candidates for disc denervation treatments. Women who have given birth, for example, often develop slipped or degenerated nerves after undergoing epidurals during labor. The epidural needle may have contributed to the disc weakening or slipping out of place.. Further, the weight of carrying a baby can cause discs in a womans back to degenerate. Rather than spend the rest of her life with chronic back pain, she may benefit by undergoing nerve denervation.. Likewise, people who have suffered injuries due to falls, lifting heavy objects, or carrying out other tasks may want to consider this treatment option for chronic back pain. They can experience longer lasting relief and also go back to work without being compromised by chronic pain and discomfort.. Finally, people who worry about becoming addicted to painkillers may benefit by going through this operation. Many doctors prescribe powerful medications ...
If it proves as efficacious as it sounds, it could change the landscape of back pain managment. Big money is being spent on "evaluation" of chronic pain patients with back pain, with very little done for them if there are no surgical options. Big money is spent spying on some of them to make sure they are not fakers. Money is spent making sure they are not opioid addicts. Pamidronate is not on the drug plan. Though the trade name is $500.00 per 90 mg, the generic is $170.00 per 90 gm plus dispensing fee. Ambulatory care at Pasqua hospital here in Regina will do infusion. Would like to see this money going where it could do the most good ...
At the Wake Forest Baptist Health Spine Center, our multidisciplinary team specializes in the comprehensive diagnosis, treatment and management of all back and neck conditions, from persistent back pain and sciatica to complex spinal disorders.
Upper back pain, lower back pain, spinal stenosis and degenerative disc disease unfortunately can all be related to each other. They all result from compressions of nerves of the spine. Spinal stenosis is compression of those nerves where they exit the spine. Degenerative discs lose hydration and the normal height which now causes nerve compression. Upper back pain or lower back pain result.. Repercussions from an accident may also cause a herniation and spinal stenosis. Regardless if you are having upper or lower back pain, it can be a daily agonizing struggle.. Once enjoyable activities now reflect pain. Depression, sadness, anger, hopelessness, increasing pain medications, may all result in more comprehensive feelings that nobody understands. There are various options available out there, however for those seeking the most state of the art advancements in long-lasting success with regard to spine surgery solutions, we here in Germany have been working with these amazing advancements in ...
There are many individuals who live in the Arlington area that suffer from chronic back pain and deal with it on a day-to-day basis. Although pain is an important part of the human experience, chronic pain is something that can reduce our quality of life and many of us suffer needlessly. Spinal pain is interesting in the fact that it deals with the nerves which transmit signals, including pain signals, from all areas of the body. When an issue occurs with the spine, such as a herniated disk, blunt force trauma or degenerative disc disease, we may experience upper back pain or lower back pain on a consistent basis. What can be done to deal with this problem?.. It is likely that you have visited your primary care physician and you may have also seen a chiropractor to address the problem with spinal pain that you are experiencing. They may refer you to The DFW Pain Docs, where you can get innovative treatment while still remaining under the care of your primary care physician or chiropractor. The ...
... is one of the most common ailments in the world, and long-term back issues can lead to disability. What are some of the most common causes of back pain including upper middle back pain and how can you find relief? Consider the following list of the top seven causes of middle and upper back pain. [...] ...
When Josh Abken told his doctor he was having persistent back pain about a year ago, the doctor took an x-ray. The Chico-area school vice principal said he was stunned to learn what was growing inside him.
Many individuals that are suffering from chronic back pain are doing so needlessly. The pain that they experience can limit their ability to move about freely and certainly affects their quality of life. Regardless of whether you are dealing with lower back pain, such as sciatica or if you are dealing with upper back pain, affecting your neck or the area between your shoulders, you can count on the DFW Pain Docs to provide you with the services that you need. What are some of the benefits that are offered for those who are dealing with pain through our facility?.. First of all, we can work with your primary care physician or with your chiropractor to ensure that you are getting the treatment that you need. In most cases, the procedures and treatments that we use are nonsurgical and minimally invasive. This can assist you in avoiding the costly surgery which may be recommended by other physicians. They can also assist you with your rehabilitation results and allow you to get back to your ...
Hi Im wanting to know of anyone diagnosed with Endometriosis has had ongoing back problems. Not the pain associated with menstruation but chronic back problems. Only asking as I am being treated...
Most back pain, especially lower back pain, is caused by simple muscle strains.. Most back pain is caused by simple strains and the main focus of this site is how to prevent recurring back pain by strengthening the muscles that support the spine with back exercises, along with correcting posture, using proper lifting techniques, and understanding the physical limitations of the back. There is also information on a wide range of back pain treatments, including complementary treatments, for the relief of both acute and chronic back pain.. Back Pain, especially in the lower back (lumbar spine), is a problem that most people experience at some time in their lives. The muscles that support the spine are in constant use; even while simply sitting, the muscles are in use to keep one from falling over. The spine also bends, straightens and twists. This constant stress on the back can result in back strain and pain.. The lower back supports most of the weight of the body and is subject to the most ...
Most back pain, especially lower back pain, is caused by simple muscle strains.. Most back pain is caused by simple strains and the main focus of this site is how to prevent recurring back pain by strengthening the muscles that support the spine with back exercises, along with correcting posture, using proper lifting techniques, and understanding the physical limitations of the back. There is also information on a wide range of back pain treatments, including complementary treatments, for the relief of both acute and chronic back pain.. Back Pain, especially in the lower back (lumbar spine), is a problem that most people experience at some time in their lives. The muscles that support the spine are in constant use; even while simply sitting, the muscles are in use to keep one from falling over. The spine also bends, straightens and twists. This constant stress on the back can result in back strain and pain.. The lower back supports most of the weight of the body and is subject to the most ...
Did you know that an average of 80% of the U.S. population suffers from chronic back pains without even knowing it? This means that a huge part of the people is not aware of how severe their back pains are. If you, like me, have been struggling with a sore back, it may be possible that this problem is persistent and, if you dont treat it properly, you could face more severe complications.. The high percentage of people who suffer from back aches is due to the fact of how modern lifestyle is structured. Long hours sitting on a desk and a stressful lifestyle are the main causes to these complications. If you take a look around you will find that there are ergonomic chairs and objects that are specially designed for the relief of your body parts whenever you are faced to repetitive works. The most affected parts tend to be to the arms, shoulders, neck and the lower and upper part of the back. However, this ergonomic feature just relieves the pain in a partial manner but does not eliminate the root ...
Theres an 80% chance you will see your doc about back pain during your life. In the last article, you learned the distinction between acute and chronic back pain, and how to not cause either. And you learned that breathing is the key to preventing and healing back tension. This article will explore, in greater depths, what is behind chronic back pain and what you can do about it.. As a Rolfer, I tend to treat people after they tried everything else. This in not because other treatments are ineffective - its because the tension that is causing the persistent problem is old. After many years of repeated back problems, the entire body gets tighter and more distorted. The original problem might have been from a childhood injury. Over the years, the body has more stress, more injuries and more patterns of compensation that all add to increased tension. At some point, the body exhausts its ability to counteract the original strain pattern. Now you are worse off - you have the original tension plus ...
Acute low back pain is commonly encountered in primary care practice but the specific cause often cannot be identified. This ailment has a benign course
2 Answers - Posted in: vicodin, pain, back pain, chronic, prescription - Answer: Cat; Sorry you are having to go through this all these new laws have ...
2 Answers - Posted in: pain, back pain, tramadol, withdrawal, chronic - Answer: Why are you stopping it? Not everyone has withdrawals from it. I took ...
While not as common as lower back discomfort, many people feel back pain between the shoulder blades (the scapulas). This upper back pain between the shoulder scapula can be caused by a number of factors. Back pain is something that affects many people around the world, both men and women of all ages. Its said…
Dr Lorimer Moseley and others have shown that chronic pain harms cortical areas of the brain which have no relation to pain and up till now it was not known how this happens. Doctors Baliki, Geha, Apkarian and Chialvo from the Feinberg School of Medicine suggest that long term pain alters the balance of areas of activity in the brain. Imaging studies have shown that some areas of the brain are more active at rest and less active when the person is active. This is known as the default mode network (DMN). These (DMN) areas decrease in activity when a task is being performed. This research was conducted with chronic back pain patients. It showed that the default mode network ,during task performance by chronic back pain patients, had "reduced deactivation in several key (DMN) regions." (The Journal of Neuroscience, February 6, 2008). these findings indicate that chronic pain has an impact on overall brain function and not just function involving pain. ...
If you are troubled by severe back pain you might find help here. Just following some simple practices youll be able to reduce back pain significantly
Bupa has a selection of information about injections for chronic back pain. Take a look at our website to find out more about injections for chronic back pain.
Going on my second week, i have been experiencing pain on my upper right side of my back, what seems to be under my shoulder blade. It started out as my whole upper back, but now the left side is fine...
Although they are all combined under the umbrella term of "backaches," the different pains a people can experience in their back can vary greatly. Part of the reason for this wide range of backaches is the many different conditions and experiences which may cause a backache in the first place. If you are struggling with back pain, read through this list about some of the most common causes of backaches. It might just help you figure out whats been causing your pain and how to avoid it. However, chronic or severe backaches may be a sign of something serious, so you should always talk to a doctor if you are feeling this type of pain.. ...
Another name for Acute Back Strain is Acute Back Strain or Sprain. To better understand acute back strain or sprain, it helps to understand the anatomy ...
This information is not designed to replace a physicians independent judgment about the appropriateness or risks of a procedure for a given patient. Always consult your doctor about your medical conditions or back problem. SpineUniverse does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use of the SpineUniverse.com site is conditional upon your acceptance of our User Agreement ...
Many chronic back pain and conditions stem from deterioration of, or injuries to the spinal discs. Back pain can be localized or may radiate into the buttocks or legs, also know as sciatica. While traditional chiropractic care may be of benefit for uncomplicated back and sciatic pain , conditions stemming from dic herniations may not respond. We created our proprietary Disc Revitalization Protocol to help people with complicated and unresponsive beck and/or leg symptoms.. ...
The current investigation is the most recent installment of a series of studies aimed to investigate the neural mechanisms associated with and modulated by spontaneous pain in CBP patients. The first seminal observation was that spontaneous CBP had a unique brain representation different from that of acute pain. Elevated spontaneous CBP pain was perpetuated by sustained activation of the medial prefrontal cortex (a region involved in emotional/self-referential information processing) and punctuated by transient nociceptive input that perpetuate the state of continued negative affect (suffering) regarding the self in CBP patients (Baliki et al., 2006). These results, coupled with behavioral data, showing impaired performance of CBP patients on a gambling task (Apkarian et al., 2004b), led us to the conclusion that chronic pain can no longer be fully characterized within the classical pain system. We reasoned that CBP might indeed impact and modulate brain functions beyond the pain system itself. ...
Hi, I am new to the whole scene of lifting and my guess is that my form was not great during my military press lifts last week. Anyhow, there is a pain in my upper back now and I was wondering if it is serious or not. I can only feel it if I jump or do a very sudden movement. I do not feel any pain while walking or doing regular activities. It feels as if it is in my spine which scares me a lot, but I read some articles which suggest I could of simply pulled a muscle. I also want to know what ...
Recently I have been having pain in my upper back on both sides as if I had lifted something heavy ahd strained the muscles between my ribs. Has anyone had this and....
Ram Aditya, Ph.D., CCHT. Chronic back pain is perhaps one of the most prevalent medical conditions afflicting our society today. It is normally assumed that back pain is a natural outcome of age. Often the condition is precipitated by an incident or accident with the sensation of a sharp, stabbing pain in the lower back. In other cases, the pain may make itself felt gradually. In the first case the medical profession has no trouble pointing to the injury as the source of the problem. In both cases, however, the standard medical response is to prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs and pain-killers and, in some cases, surgery. In either mode of treatment the body undergoes a brutal assault, either chemically through lifetime dosage of toxic drugs or physically through surgery. So much of all this preventable-with just a little education. It is true that in rare cases, primarily of accidental injury to an otherwise healthy individual from collision or other event, the injury itself may the source of ...
Comments - I was surprised they were able to elicit 80% paresthesia (funny feelings when prodded) rates and wonder if subjects were selected in part by their ability to show paresthesias when needled in appropriate areas… Effects compared to control tended to wane after 1 year but it was a good year… This technique appears to be in its infancy. An older study tried Spinal Cord Stimulation for predominantly back only pains:. Spine J. 2001 Sep-Oct;1(5):358-63 ...
This article explains the myths and realities of back pain and back problems, giving information about treatment of back pain and neck pain, by Spine-health.
It's infuriating to chronic pain sufferers to be told their pain is all in the head. But a new study offers strong evidence that even before a person experiences an injury, the likelihood that the resulting pain will become chronic can be predicted by examining the brain's white matter -- the...
Independence in performing activities of daily living (ADLs) is a central aspect of functioning. Older adults frequently experience impairments and limitations in functioning in various life areas. The aim of this survey was to explore the limitations in the ADLs in older adults in a population-based survey in Austria. A population-based cross-sectional study in 3097 subjects aged ≥65 years who were included in the Austrian health interview survey was performed. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate frequencies of problems in the ADLs. A principal component analysis was applied to analyze the main dimensions of 19 ADL items. Binary logistic regression models were used with the ADL dimensions as the dependent variables and osteoarthritis, chronic back pain, osteoporosis, sex, education level, anxiety or depression, age and pain intensity as independent variables. People with musculoskeletal conditions were significantly more often affected by ADL problems than people without these diseases. The
I had an IVP test done for stones. It was found that I have |b|spina bifida s1|/b|. At the same time my SGPT (132), SGOT (52), Gamma Glutamyl transferase (67) and Alkaline phosphate (136) values too were checked for. I feel constant |b|upper back pain|/b| since years. One year back I developed lower back pain too. Various blood tests were done like Hepatitis b and c, LKM antibody, Anti nuclear antibody, Anti smooth muscle antibody, DLC, Seruloplasmin, Serum and were found normal except for ESR which is 30 instead of 13. I also get pain on the knees.
Back pain[edit]. The quadratus lumborum is a common source of lower back pain.[2] Because the QL connects the pelvis to the ... Menstrual pain[edit]. Acute hypertonicity and spasms of the QL may be associated with pain during menstruation. Stretching, and ... Chronic hypertonicity of QL tends to cause low back pain due to its ability to create compressive stress on lumbar segment. ... While stretching and strengthening the QL are indicated for unilateral lower back pain, heat or ice applications as well as ...
Myalgia (muscular pain) and arthralgia (joint pain) are rare side effects.[32] Retinoids, such as high dose etretinate, are ... Back pain. *Arthritis. *Calcinosis (calcification of ligaments. and tendons) *Premature epiphyseal fusion ... Uncommon and rare side effects include muscle aches and pains (myalgias), and headaches. Isotretinoin is known to cause birth ... Isotretinoin may cause non-specific gastrointestinal symptoms including nausea, diarrhea and abdominal pain.[32] The drug is ...
... and presenting with chest and back pain. They had pseudoaneurysms. They usually had large aneurysms that caused pain. ... Such measures include giving pain medication, keeping the patient calm, and avoiding procedures that could cause gagging or ...
... pain in extremity; back pain; pruritus; pemphigoid. In 2015, FDA added a new Warning and Precaution about the risk of "severe ... 7 1604-1615 "DPP-4 Inhibitors for Type 2 Diabetes: Drug Safety Communication-May Cause Severe Joint Pain". FDA. 2015-08-28. ... and disabling" joint pain to the labels of all DPP-4 Inhibitor medicines. In addition to sitagliptin, other DPP-4 inhibitors ...
The New York Times Vitamin O: Siwolop, Sana (January 7, 2001). Back Pain? Arthritis? Step Right Up to the Mouse. The New York ... ISBN 0-7897-3816-3. "Ten or So Web Sources for People with Chronic Pain". Chronic Pain For Dummies. For Dummies. 2008. p. 327. ... BEST: Frequently updated, but also archives of relevant articles that date back at least four years. WORST: Lists some specific ... The book Chronic Pain For Dummies says "Although many reliable resources are on the Internet, including those we list in this ...
... back pain and chronic low back pain, or internal disc disruption. The Biostat intradiscal fibrin sealant underwent multiple ... "BACK PAIN: IDET procedure proven effective in randomized study". Health and Medicine Week: 4. October 21, 2002. Massey, Bob. " ... Outside of treating patients suffering from chronic lower back pain and degenerative disc disease, Pauza is on the editorial ... Weiss, Frances (May 8, 2012). "Chronic Back Pain? Spinal Fusion May be the Wrong Surgery". New Jersey Newsroom. Archived from ...
The pain is considered most painful during early flight and lessens as the flight progresses. Possible causes of back pain in ... Spinal disc herniation Wing, PC; Tsang, IK; Susak, L; Gagnon, F; Gagnon, R; Potts, JE (April 1991). "Back pain and spinal ... Hicks, GS; Duddleston, DN; Russell, LD; Holman, HE; Shepherd, JM; Brown, CA (2002). "Low Back Pain". The American Journal of ... Defining the cause of back pain and IVD injury due to spaceflight remains an open issue. Assumptions and presumptions ...
"Chicago Back Pain Center Aims to Avoid Surgery". HealthLeaders Media. July 16, 2010. "Beating back pain". Retrieved 2016-01-25 ... In November 2009, Swedish Covenant Hospital received full accreditation as a Chest Pain Center by the Society of Chest Pain ... On July 1, 2010, the Hospital opened the Chicago Back Institute, a comprehensive program emphasizing back and spine health and ... It also incorporates the wellness programs at Galter Life Center (see below). The surgeons at the Chicago Back Institute ...
... low back pain; scoliosis; and incontinence. In adulthood, the signs and symptoms often include progressive sensory and motor ... This can lead to additional loss of movement, feeling or the onset of pain or autonomic symptoms. Cervical diastematomyelia can ...
A negative test suggests a likely different cause for back pain. A meta-analysis reported the accuracy as: sensitivity 91% ... Femoral nerve stretch test Waddell G, McCulloch JA, Kummel E, Venner RM (1980). "Nonorganic physical signs in low-back pain". ... Speed C (2004). "Low back pain". BMJ. 328 (7448): 1119-21. doi:10.1136/bmj.328.7448.1119. PMC 406328 . PMID 15130982. Devillé ... is a test done during the physical examination to determine whether a patient with low back pain has an underlying herniated ...
... (1 April 2012). Low Back Pain. JP Medical Ltd. ISBN 978-93-5025-644-2. John Ebnezar (1 January 2009). Practical ... Low Back Pain and Practical Orthopedics. He is a recipient of Rajyotsava Prashasti, the second highest civilian award of the ...
Gerber, Suzanne (2006). "Got back pain?" (PDF). Alert Diver. Divers Alert Network. Retrieved 2011-08-30. Martz, Cameron L. " ... Instead of coming from tanks strapped to the diver's back, air is supplied from long hoses connected to compressed air ...
Furthermore, 29% of the player said they experienced chronic back pain. Lower back pain is the most common injury amongst ... Once the back pain has dispersed stretching is recommended in order to prevent the stiffness from the initial pain, with ... In order to relieve pain in the lower back people are often told to rest it, but not for more than two days because of its ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Marks, M. R., Haas, S. S., & Wiesel, S. W. (1988). "Low back pain in the ...
... a 2009 systematic review on surgery for lower back pain found that for nonradicular low back pain with degenerative disk ... in comparison to intensive pain programs for chronic low back pain with degenerative disk disease.[13] ... Chapter 39: Lower Back Pain and Disorders of Intervertebral Discs. In: Canale, S. T. and J. H. Beaty. Campbell's Operative ... Surgical Management of Low Back Pain (2nd Ed.). Rolling Meadows, Illinois: American Association of Neurosurgeons. 2008. ISBN ...
... (2001). Yoga for Back Pain. Swami Vivekananda Yoga Prakashana. H. R. Nagendra (2001). Yoga for Arthritis. Swami ...
This is why low back pain is so prevalent. Back belts Car seat and lumbar support Lumbar hyperlordosis Lumbar puncture Lumbar ... This is why a disorder of the low back that affects a nerve root, such as a spinal disc herniation, can cause pain that ... "Top Causes of Low Back Pain". WebMD. Retrieved 27 December 2015. Lumbar Medical Manipulations Laminectomy, Surgery and Recovery ... A low back muscle strain can be extremely painful but will usually heal within a few days or weeks. The lumbar portion of the ...
Bounce Back 12. Feel My Pain 01. Wheel Of Fortune 08. I'm A Go And Get My... (featuring Mike Epps) 12. Dis Iz 4 All My Smokers ... I Got Your Back 06. This Is What Happens 07. Everybody On The Line Outside 09. Where You Think You Goin' 12. Money Talks 13. ... Scratch Bring It Back (Part 2-Mic Doc) 07. I'll Wait (featuring Zone 7) 08. I Saw It Cummin' Produced with Parrish Smith 17. ...
Lower abdominal or back pain[34]. *Decreased libido[34]. *Itching, redness or swelling of the vagina[34] ... Cramping and pain: many women feel discomfort or pain during and immediately after insertion. Some women may have cramping for ... Side effects include irregular periods, benign ovarian cysts, pelvic pain, and depression.[2] Rarely uterine perforation may ... Most of these follicles are asymptomatic, although some may be accompanied by pelvic pain or dyspareunia. In most cases the ...
Pain in the back or side. *Healthy kidneys produce the hormone erythropoietin that stimulates the bone marrow to make oxygen- ...
Berman, Brian M.; Langevin, Helene M.; Witt, Claudia M.; Dubner, Ronald (29 July 2010). "Acupuncture for Chronic Low Back Pain ... Electroacupuncture may inhibit pain by the activation of a variety of bioactive chemicals through peripheral, spinal, and ... A 2014 Nature Reviews Cancer review article found that the key mouse studies that suggested acupuncture relieves pain via the ... Chapter 17: Adenosine and Pain. Adenosine a key link between metabolism and brain activity. New York, NY: Springer. p. 352. doi ...
For the treatment of back pain. Injection of analgesics and steroids into the epidural space may improve some forms of back ... cancer pain". Clin J Pain. 11 (1): 45-62. doi:10.1097/00002508-199503000-00006. PMID 7540439.. ... "Labor and Delivery: Pain Medications - Epidural Block". Retrieved 2011-07-05.. *^ Seyb ST, Berka RJ, Socol ML, Dooley SL (1999 ... a review of its pharmacology and efficacy in the management of pain during labour and postoperative and intractable pain". CNS ...
Pain in right side just below ribs in back. Pain quit in night. Ate 1 and a half cups tomato broth at 10:45 a.m. Ate two and a ... Ate one and a half cups tomato broth 11 a.m. Ate one and a half cups tomato broth 6 p.m. Pain in right below ribs. February 26 ...
Butterworth-Heinemann (2001). Back: Your 100 questions answered. Newleaf (2001) Beating Back Pain. Mitchell Beazley (2004) ... Faber (1987). Getting the Best for your Bad Back. Sheldon (1992). Natural Selection vs Natural Medicine. Online Originals ...
AAPM&R's membership reflects the diversity of the specialty of PM&R. Member physicians may treat amputations; pain (neck, nerve ... arthritic, back); injuries (brain, spinal cord, sports-related); rehabilitation (cardiac, geriatric, pediatric); and more. Some ... Pain Medicine/Neuromuscular Medicine, and Pediatric Rehabilitation/Developmental Disabilities. Since 1939, the Academy has held ...
I would have gone for surgery even if I hadn't been a sportswoman." She also experienced back pain. After the surgery, she ... She rebounded well, however, going on to win her first two WTA titles back-to-back, first at the Nürnberger Versicherungscup in ... She became the first Romanian tennis player to win back-to-back tournaments on different surfaces. She claimed her first Grand ... She was unable to back up her final result from the previous year despite being one of the favorites for the title. Halep was ...
For her, the greatest taboos in life were crying in front of people and showing expressions of pain.[5] She reminisced, "I did ... Due to his illness the family moved back to Norwich, New York to the farm of Ruth's maternal grandparents, the Shattucks.[4] A ... " ... "I am not afraid of pain, nor of sorrow. But this loneliness, this futility, this emptiness-I dare not face them" ...
... is very common. Treatment varies from medicines to surgery depending on the cause and kind of pain. ... Lumbago is pain on the lower part of your back. ... Back pain - returning to work. *Back pain - when you see the ... Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain. Acute back pain comes on suddenly and usually lasts ... Back pain and sports (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Chiropractic care for back pain (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in ...
... review Heel arch supports uk How to cure heel pain naturally What causes a plantar wart on feet Orthotics for back and leg pain ... Foot pain walking on concrete Rubber cushion feet Gaitway shoe insoles Superfeet insoles reviews Pain ball foot Foot powder ... Shoe inserts for heel pain. Author: admin. The dual layer construction of these heel cups with its shock absorbing properties ... How to relieve pain in the ball of your foot. Author: admin. ... at an inexpensive engineered to assist relieve heel pain. Shoes ...
Remedy for foot pain during pregnancy. Author: admin. If you experience pressure while standing, try elevating one foot and ... Make your high heels feel like heaven, go shopping for hours, work all day or party all night without a twinge of foot pain. ... It is important to contact your health care provider if the pain becomes constant, or increases in severity or frequency. Sign- ... Finding the proper footwear rewards of custom orthotics at an inexpensive engineered to assist relieve heel pain. Shoes or ...
Upper back pain during pregnancy can occur at any point, but is most common in the third trimester. This occurs for several ... While upper back pain during pregnancy is common, it isnt something to ignore. In some cases back pain may be a sign of pre- ... knee knee pain low back pain marathon massage massage therapy neck pain nutrition occupational therapy overuse injury pain ... Determining the causes of upper or lower back pain in women can be tricky. causes of lower back pain in women ...
... stiffness and swelling in the back. Learn more about these symptoms, causes, and treatments. ... Many forms of arthritis and related conditions can cause problems like pain, ... Back Pain. What is Back Pain?. The back is a common target of several types of arthritis and can cause a great deal of pain. ... Back Pain Symptoms. If you have a severe fall or injury or your back pain is accompanied by any of the following, make an ...
Prevent Back Pain The best way to prevent back pain is to keep your back muscles strong. Its much easier to prevent a back ... Low Back Pain Low back pain is a very common problem in adults, as we cannot avoid the normal wear and tear on our spines that ... Back Pain and Sciatica - Prevention and Self-Care Read these simple but useful tips on how to prevent and relieve back pain. ... Handout on Health: Back Pain The handout describes causes, diagnosis, and treatments for back pain, and and what you can do to ...
Acupuncture Back Pain Relief for Harrisville UT Chiropractic Centers, north ogden Chriropractor, Total Health Chiropractic ... Chiropractor Back Pain Acupuncture in Ogden, Nouth Weber, Utah UT, ... Back Pain Relief , Chiropractic Centers, Back Pain Treatments, Acupuncture Therapy, Chiropractic Adjustments, Chronic Back Pain ... PAIN RELIEF. Are you struggling with Chronic Pain and are looking for a safe, natural alternative?. Are frustrated with ...
... also can cause back pain.. Managing back pain. If your back pain is very bad or lasts for longer than a few days, talk to your ... Stretching your back muscles also can help ease back pain and stiffness. Staying in bed all day can actually make your back ... Back pain can range from a dull ache to a sudden sharp pain when you try and lift something. At some point in their lives, ... Other tips for managing back pain:. * Hot or cold packs, or a combination of the two, can soothe a sore back. Heat can help ...
... opioids continue to be prescribed to treat acute low back pain. Instead, select nonpharmacologic treatment or non-steroidal ... "Routine opioid use for treatment of nonsevere acute pain (e.g., low back pain, sprains, or minor injury without signs of tissue ... 25% of U.S. adults report having low back pain in the last 3 months. It is the most common pain reported. ... Chronic back pain lasts more than 12 weeks.. Many patients do not present for medical care for acute LBP,[3] as it typically ...
Learn about different types of injections for back pain relief. ... injections or implanted devices to deliver immediate back pain ... Procedures for Back Pain Relief. Injections and Implants for Back Pain Relief. Procedures and devices that deliver pain ... Spinal cord stimulation is believed to decrease the perception of pain by activating nerves in your lower back to block pain ... When a nerve root is compressed or inflamed, it can cause pain in the back and leg. A selective nerve-root block is an ...
Opioid drugs are a common treatment for back pain, but they come with risks and can be addictive. Learn the risks of these ... Mayo Clinic: "Back pain: Diagnosis & treatment.". Johns Hopkins Medicine: "7 Ways to Treat Chronic Back Pain Without Surgery." ... BMJ: "Opioids for low back pain.". The New England Journal of Medicine: "Opioid abuse in chronic pain--misconceptions and ... Doctors recommend a few different medicines to treat back pain. Some of them -- like NSAIDs and topical pain relievers that you ...
Health Information on Back Pain: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Back Pain: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Dolor de espalda: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - español (Spanish) ... Dos and Donts with Low Back Pain - 简体中文 (Chinese, Simplified (Mandarin dialect)) Bilingual PDF ... Dos and Donts with Low Back Pain - 繁體中文 (Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect)) Bilingual PDF ...
A primary doctor can evaluate and treat most cases of back pain. Health history, a physical exam and possibly diagnostic tests ... He may ask you to stand and walk to determine if back pain is affecting your gait (the manner in which you walk) or if an ... For most cases of back pain of short duration, X-rays are not necessary. They are most helpful if your doctor suspects that ... A primary doctor can evaluate and treat most cases of back pain. Health history, a physical exam and possibly diagnostic tests ...
... include over-the-counter and prescription analgesics or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines to help relieve pain. In some ... For most instances of back pain, self-care and over-the-counter (OTC) medications are all that are needed. If your back pain is ... Otherwise, surgery is not usually recommended to relieve pain. A spine specialist can help you decide if a back operation is ... Its a good idea to talk to your doctor or pharmacist before using any OTC medicine for back pain. ...
Got Low Back Pain? Skip the Pills Low back pain is one of the most common reasons people visit a physician. But dont expect to ... For Back Pain, Exercise May Be the Best Prescription Exercising when youve got lower back pain might be the last thing you ... When Back Pain Becomes Chronic For genuine relief from chronic low back pain, you may have to try a combination of treatments. ... Top Back Pain Causes The exact cause of back pain is not easily determined. Fortunately, about 90 percent of cases improve on ...
... is any pain you experience in your lumbar (lower) spine. It is very common, and it is caused by a variety of ... Low Back Pain. Low back pain is any pain you experience in your lumbar (lower) spine. It is very common, and it is caused by a ... What is low back pain?. This pain can range from mild, dull, annoying pain to persistent, severe, debilitating pain. This type ... Institutes of Health have shown that eight out of 10 people will have back pain at some time in their life and that back pain ...
Using the extremely same latex bed mattress can set off back and neck problems. ...
This form was created inside of California Orthopedic and Sports Therapy Rehabilitation Services, Inc.. Report Abuse - Terms of Service - Additional Terms ...
... losing weight and relieving stress are different ways to reduce back pain. ... Heat can help relieve back pain by relaxing muscles and soothing painful areas 48 hours after the pain begins. Some safe, ... For example, back pain may be treated by stimulating points in your feet. Make sure you are treated by a certified ... The doctor may recommend weight loss as one way to reduce your back pain and improve your general health. The best way to lose ...
In fact, back pain is the leading cause of disability in people aged 19 to 45. ... of people will have low back pain at some point in their lives, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. ... Back pain in a person with a history of cancer *Back pain that is severe at night (most people with back pain feel some pain ... In this second installment of a four-part series on back pain, find out where to turn to beat back the pain. By Richard Trubo ...
Here are the top causes of low back pain and tips for how to prevent it. ... Most people experience lower back pain at some time in their lives. ... Lower Back Pain: Is It in Your Genes?. One of the main reasons a person develops low back pain and another doesnt may lie in ... An abnormal curvature of the spine can cause back pain. Less commonly, low back pain can be a sign of a serious medical ...
The number of Americans suffering from chronic low back pain is on the rise, and a new study says the nations obesity epidemic ... Obesity a Pain in the Back?. Chronic Low Back Pain Is on the Rise; Obesity, Depression Cited as Possible Culprits ... Individuals in the study were considered to have chronic low back pain if they reported pain and activity limitations nearly ... Questions were aimed at determining prevalence of low back pain or neck pain sufficient to limit daily activities. ...
... muscles and/or bones can cause problems like pain, stiffness and swelling in the back. ... Back pain is one of the most common health problems in the United States - 80 percent of adults report having had back pain at ... While any part of the back can be affected, the lower back is the most common site of arthritis back pain, most likely because ... The main two types of back pain are mechanical and inflammatory. The largest group is mechanical back pain, which includes ...
A pilates home video workout for people with back pain from the NHS Fitness Studio, where you can find a range of workout ... Back pain pilates video workout - Fitness Studio exercise videos Secondary navigation. * Aerobic exercise Aerobics (Level: ... If you have back pain, youre recovering from an injury, or have a health condition, speak to a GP before following these ... More research is needed, but there is some evidence to suggest that pilates can be helpful for people who have lower back pain. ...
There are equally as many treatments for back pain, including surgeries, drugs, complementary therapies, and lifestyle ... A bad back can happen to anyone at any time, and be from doing simple things, such as coughing or sneezing, or serious medical ... Back pain can affect people of any age, for different reasons. As people get older, the chance of developing lower back pain ... The main symptom of back pain is an ache or pain anywhere in the back, and sometimes all the way down to the buttocks and legs. ...
  • There is a lot of focus on pre-natal lower back pain, but clinically I treat many women in this population that experience upper back (thoracic spine) pain as well. (athletico.com)
  • Also wearing supportive shoe wear without a heel can help relieve some of the back discomfort by keeping the spine more neutral and providing a good base of support. (athletico.com)
  • Most back pain is due to strain, injury or posture problems affecting the ligaments or muscles of the spine. (arthritis.org)
  • Also called intraspinal drug infusion therapy involves implanting a pump in the body to deliver a regular, predetermined dose of narcotic pain medicine via a tube into the painful area of the spine. (arthritis.org)
  • A spine specialist can help you decide if a back operation is necessary. (arthritis.org)
  • Low back pain is any pain you experience in your lumbar (lower) spine. (massgeneral.org)
  • If you are experiencing low back pain and see a spine doctor about it, your doctor will take a medical history (including asking about back problems that may run in your family) and a thorough physical exam. (massgeneral.org)
  • Of course, the mere thought of going to a physician for low back pain sends a shiver down the spine of many people. (medicinenet.com)
  • The vast majority of people with back pain aren't candidates for surgery," says Scott D. Boden, MD, professor of orthopaedic surgery at Emory University School of Medicine and director of the Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center. (medicinenet.com)
  • Laird describes the pain of her herniated disc as similar to having "an ice pick shoved in the base of my spine. (webmd.com)
  • Eighty percent of the population of the United States, at some point in their life, is going to have back pain ," says Ronald J. Wisneski, MD, an orthopedic surgeon, speciali st in spinal disorders and spine surgery, and associate in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at Geisinger Medical Center in Danville, Pa. (webmd.com)
  • An abnormal curvature of the spine can cause back pain. (webmd.com)
  • Some people also may have back pain that arises from inflammation in the soft tissues in the back and not the spine itself. (arthritis.org)
  • In this condition, the spine twists to one side instead of running straight up the center of the back. (arthritis.org)
  • Lower back pain may be linked to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles, abdominal and pelvic internal organs, and the skin around the lumbar area. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Pain in the upper back may be due to disorders of the aorta, tumors in the chest, and spine inflammation . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Problems with the spine such as osteoporosis can lead to back pain. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If the spine curves in an unusual way, back pain can result. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Back pain most commonly affects the lower back although it can be felt anywhere along the spine. (news-medical.net)
  • Being overweight or obese - These individuals have too much stress on their spine that may lead to pain. (news-medical.net)
  • Middle back pain refers to pain or discomfort in the thoracic spine - the region of the back between the rib cage and the base of the neck. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Kidney problems can cause pain in the middle back, just underneath the ribcage on either side of the spine. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Your back pain could be from a curvature of the spine -- or from tired muscles. (npr.org)
  • Bending your lower spine forward while arching your upper back for long periods can strain your back and neck muscles. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Motions that place stress on your spine while playing tennis include overextending (arching) your back when serving, constant stopping and starting motions, and forceful twisting of your spine when taking shots. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The association between lumbar spine radiographic features and low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (medscape.com)
  • Hurwitz EL, Randhawa K, Yu H, Cote P, Haldeman S. The Global Spine Care Initiative: a summary of the global burden of low back and neck pain studies. (medscape.com)
  • The back muscles and spine support much of the body's weight. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The OHSU Spine Center offers a full range of diagnostic and treatment options for back and neck pain. (ohsu.edu)
  • Many causes of back and neck pain can be treated without surgery, an approach the OHSU Spine Center favors whenever possible. (ohsu.edu)
  • The procedure can stabilize the spine and reduce pain. (ohsu.edu)
  • The core structure of the back is the spine, which sweeps in an S-shaped curve from the base of the skull to the small of the back and provides support for the entire body. (everything2.com)
  • These muscles support the spine , and they will result in increased back pain when weakened. (everything2.com)
  • You need to gain strength in the lower back and stomach muscles to give better support to your spine . (everything2.com)
  • Flexibility is needed to relieve the tension of impinged nerves in your spine ( sciatica is a common problem with chronic back pain). (everything2.com)
  • Dr. Kaliq Chang with Atlantic Spine Center offers tips on how mattresses, pillows and sleep positions impact back pain. (prweb.com)
  • Sleep is supposed to be a respite from our troubles, but sometimes the way we sleep - and the mattress and pillows we surround ourselves with - can actually contribute to troubling back pain, according to interventional pain management specialist Dr. Kaliq Chang of Atlantic Spine Center . (prweb.com)
  • A 2014 study in the Asian Spine Journal indicated that nearly one-third of people with low back pain dealt with disturbed sleep from their pain. (prweb.com)
  • Sleeping on the stomach, which flattens the natural curve of the spine and requires neck rotation that can trigger pain between the shoulders. (prweb.com)
  • Kaliq Chang, MD, is an interventional pain management specialist board-certified in anesthesiology at Atlantic Spine Center. (prweb.com)
  • This makes your back and spine stable once again and alleviates all of your pain. (prnewswire.com)
  • Recently, my back has started hurting about half way down on both sides of my spine. (dailystrength.org)
  • I personally have back pain in my lower back near my spine, but it is herniated discs. (dailystrength.org)
  • Back pain isn't anything to play with especially when its by your spine. (dailystrength.org)
  • They include the common low back strain of the muscles in the back that help to support the spine. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Most low back pain follows injury or trauma to the back, but pain may also be caused by degenerative conditions such as arthritis or disk disease, osteoporosis or other bone diseases, viral infections, irritation to joints and disks, or congenital abnormalities in the spine. (daviddarling.info)
  • The Veritas Health platform comprising of Spine-health.com , Arthritis-health.com , Sports-health.com , and Pain-health.com , provides comprehensive information on back pain, arthritis, sports injuries, and chronic pain conditions. (spine-health.com)
  • Overall, the text covers almost every conceivable aspect of anatomy, pathophysiology and histopathology relevant to the structure and function of the lumbar spine required to approach professional clinical management of mechanical forms of low back pain. (chiro.org)
  • The results published in Spine, show that the yoga intervention program - ℠Yoga for Healthy Lower Backs´ - is likely to be cost effective for both the UK National Health Service (NHS) and wider society. (redorbit.com)
  • For pain in your neck, you may want to ask for a MRI of your neck, or a c-spine MRI. (yahoo.com)
  • Low back pain at night that is not relieved by lying down may becaused by a tumor in the cauda equina (the roots of the spinal nerves controlling sensation in and movement of the legs), or a cancer that has spread to the spine from the prostate, breasts, or lungs. (faqs.org)
  • This medicine decreases swelling and pressure on the larger nerves around your spine and helps relieve pain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your doctor may recommend ESI if you have pain that spreads from the lower spine to the hips or down the leg. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This pain is caused by pressure on a nerve as it leaves the spine, most often due to a bulging disk. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Any condition that causes misalignment or curvature of the spine can place pressure on the nerves, leading to back pain. (arthritis.org)
  • An article in the European Spine Journal reported that people with severe sciatica were more likely to have disk herniation if their leg pain became worse when coughing. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Pain in the low back can be a result of conditions affecting the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area. (medicinenet.com)
  • Epidural steroid injections are most commonly used in situations of radicular pain, which is a radiating pain that is transmitted away from the spine by an irritated spinal nerve. (medicinenet.com)
  • Epidural injections are also used to treat nerve compression in the neck (cervical spine), referred to as cervical radiculopathy, which causes pain. (medicinenet.com)
  • Important structures of the low back that can be related to symptoms in this region include the bony lumbar spine (vertebrae, singular = vertebra), discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area. (medicinenet.com)
  • Some providers recommend using a back brace to help support the spine. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The new study, recently under way at the Emory Spine Center, is the first of its kind to compare two treatments for chronic low-back and leg pain: spinal cord stimulation and repeat spine surgery. (emory.edu)
  • Approximately 200,000 Americans annually undergo an initial spine surgery for the treatment of low-back and leg pain, according to a 1998 survey of spine surgeons. (emory.edu)
  • Fairbank J, Frost H, Wilson-Mac Donald J et al (2005) Randomised controlled trial to compare surgical stabilization of the lumbar spine with an intensive rehabilitation program for patients with chronic low-back pain: the MRC spine stabilization trial. (springer.com)
  • Fritzell P, Haag O, Wessberg P et al (2001) Llumbar fusion versus non surgical treatment for chronic low-back pain: a multicenter randomized controlled trial from the sweedish lumbar spine study group. (springer.com)
  • One of the more common types of back pain comes from straining the bands of muscles surrounding the spine . (webmd.com)
  • Place a pillow between your knees to keep your spine in a neutral position and relieve strain on your back. (webmd.com)
  • Physical therapists can teach you how to sit, stand, and move in a way that keeps your spine in proper alignment and alleviates strain on your back. (webmd.com)
  • Could your pain be caused by cancer or infection in your spine? (medlineplus.gov)
  • Pain occurs because of muscle or ligament strain or due to damage or injury to the spine, nerves, discs or bones. (selfgrowth.com)
  • If there are persistent or progressive symptoms during or following 6 weeks of conservative management and the patient is a surgery or intervention candidate or diagnostic uncertainty remains, MRI of the lumbar spine has become the initial imaging modality of choice in evaluating complicated low back pain. (medscape.com)
  • When the pain is not discovered to be down to a serious disease or an illness that causes damage to the spine, it is referred to as nonspecific lower back pain. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The reason the pain often goes away, along with the loss of flexibility, is because of the body's ability to compensate or make allowances for the imbalances which help straighten up the pelvis and take some pressure off the spine joint, especially with an exercise program that focuses on symmetry, such as Pilates . (selfgrowth.com)
  • Back pain can originate from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The spinal cord, nerve roots, vertebral column, and muscles around the spine can all be sources of back pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The synovial joints of the spine (e.g. zygapophysial joints/facet joints) have been identified as the primary source of the pain in approximately one third of people with chronic low back pain, and in most people with neck pain following whiplash. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upper back pain, also called middle back pain or thoracic back pain, is back pain that is felt in the region of the thoracic vertebrae, which are between the bottom of the neck and top of the lumbar spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms can include pain, either locally near the spine or referred along area the corresponding nerve dermatome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weakness in the legs or loss of bowel or bladder control in the presence of thoracic spine pain can indicate spinal cord compression and should be investigated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commonly intra-scapular pain is referred from the lower cervical spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Middle back pain has long been considered a "red flag" to alert healthcare professionals to the possibility of cancer (metastasis or spread to the spine). (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Detailed physiologic testing proving what percentage of pain in the thoracic spine is caused by disc, facet, rib or muscle are yet to be completed so the answer to the question what is causing the pain often is left unanswered. (wikipedia.org)
  • In turn, strong back muscles provide better support for spine to keep the vertebrae properly aligned, which can ease the back pain and reduce the risk of chronic back pain returning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Essentially, the gate control theory states that sensory fibers carry their signal faster than pain fibers, and thus make their way to the dorsal root ganglion of the spine (the gate) much faster. (wikipedia.org)
  • To date, flight data related to potential back injuries have focused on spine elongation and the well-established effects of mechanical unloading on intervertebral discs. (wikipedia.org)
  • On July 1, 2010, the Hospital opened the Chicago Back Institute, a comprehensive program emphasizing back and spine health and individualized treatment, with surgical intervention as a last alternative. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lumbar region is sometimes referred to as the lower spine, or as an area of the back in its proximity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spinal nerve injury does not cause neck, mid back pain or low back pain, and for this reason, evidence has not shown EMG or NCS to be helpful in diagnosing causes of axial lumbar pain, thoracic pain, or cervical spine pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • As for manipulation with the assistance of medication or anesthesia, a 2013 review concludes that the best evidence lacks coherence to support its use for chronic spine pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low back pain Spine Coric, D. (2014). (wikipedia.org)
  • He authored the textbook Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine and the book for patients Your Aching Back. (wikipedia.org)
  • Androgens and Cardiovascular Disease, Rob D. Dickerman, University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, 1998 "Discogenic back pain", Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The test should produce pain on the same side of the spine as the leg that you are standing on. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poet Charles Baudelaire contracted syphilis in 1839 and resorted to opium to help alleviate the pain of tabes dorsalis ascending his spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs of occulta may include a hairy patch, dimple, dark spot, or swelling on the back at the site of the gap in the spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, the method aims to elongate the spine and lessen the burden on the lower back. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include various diseases of the back or spine ("dorso-"), such as kyphosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals with Myelomeningocele are born with an incompletely fused spine, and therefore exposing the spinal cord through an opening in the back. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other causes of low back pain include lumbar degenerative disc disease, degenerative joint disease, herniated disc , spondylolisthesis , spinal stenosis , and scoliosis . (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • The lumbar region of the back, where most back pain is felt, supports the weight of the upper body. (daviddarling.info)
  • PALM SPRINGS, California - A procedure that involves radiofrequency ablation of sensory nerves in the degenerated lumbar disc may give many patients with chronic low back pain significant relief. (medscape.com)
  • A pragmatic prospective open-label trial randomly assigned 63 patients with discogenic lumbar back pain to IDB supplemented by conventional medical management (CMM) (n = 29) or CMM alone (n = 34). (medscape.com)
  • During the physical examination, the doctor will examine the patient's back and hips to check for conditions that require surgery or emergency treatment.The examination includes several tests that involve moving the patient's legsin specific positions to test for nerve root irritation or disk herniation.The flexibility of the lumbar vertebrae may be measured to rule out ankylosing spondylitis. (faqs.org)
  • Functions of the low back, or lumbar area, include structural support, movement, and protection of certain body tissues. (medicinenet.com)
  • Irritation of a spinal nerve in the low back (lumbar radiculopathy) causes pain that goes down the leg. (medicinenet.com)
  • The nerves that provide sensation and stimulate the muscles of the low back as well as the lower extremities (the thighs, legs, feet , and toes) all exit the lumbar spinal column through bony portals, each of which is called a 'foramen. (medicinenet.com)
  • Correlation with pain reproduction on lumbar discography. (springer.com)
  • Brox JI, Sorensen R, Friis A et al (2003) Randomized control trial of lumbar instrumented fusion and cognitive intervention and exercises in patients with chronic low-back pain and disc degeneration. (springer.com)
  • Savage stated that 47% of those who had experienced low back pain had normal lumbar spines. (apta.org)
  • Nachemson (21) observed that 'Even though in elective, carefully selected lumbar disc surgery, 90% of the patients will enjoy the relief of leg pain, as many as 60-70% may continue to have some low back pain. (apta.org)
  • It is divided into neck pain (cervical), middle back pain (thoracic), lower back pain (lumbar) or coccydynia (tailbone or sacral pain) based on the segment affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lumbar area is the most common area for pain, as it supports most of the weight in the upper body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The straight leg raise, also called Lasègue's sign, Lasègue test or Lazarević's sign, is a test done during the physical examination to determine whether a patient with low back pain has an underlying herniated disk, often located at L5 (fifth lumbar spinal nerve). (wikipedia.org)
  • In human anatomy the five vertebrae in the lumbar region of the back are the largest and strongest in the movable part of the spinal column, and can be distinguished by the absence of a foramen in the transverse process, and by the absence of facets on the sides of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Back belts Car seat and lumbar support Lumbar hyperlordosis Lumbar puncture Lumbar vertebrae Loin (also called lumbus) Lumbago Watson, Stephanie. (wikipedia.org)
  • Back pain Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion Lumbar disc herniation Degenerative disc disease Failed back surgery Percutaneous discectomy List of surgeries by type Schoenfeld, A. J. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the possible exception of cogwheel rigidity, these are best understood as neuroanatomical maladaptations to long-continued pain and, as Waddell and colleagues have stressed, do not indicate faking or malingering but rather that there are psychosocial issues that mitigate against successfully treating low back pain by lumbar discectomy, and which in themselves require other treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pressure on the nerves as they exit the spinal cord (radiculopathy) causes pain in the area where the nerves originated (leg for lumbar pathology, arm for cervical pathology). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lumbar hyperlordosis is commonly called hollow back or saddle back (after a similar condition that affects some horses). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lumbar hyperlordosis is a condition that occurs when the lumbar region (lower back) experiences stress or extra weight and is arched to point of muscle pain or spasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lumbar hyperlordosis is a common postural position where the natural curve of the lumbar region of the back is slightly or dramatically accentuated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common causes of lumbar hyperlordosis include tight low back muscles, excessive visceral fat, and pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most obvious signs of lumbar hyperlordosis is lower back pain in dancing and pedestrian activities as well as having the appearance of a swayed back. (wikipedia.org)
  • Possible causes that lead to the condition of Lumbar hyperlordosis are the following: Spines - Natural factors of how spines are formed greatly increase certain individuals' likelihood to experience a strain or sprain in their back or neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a nerve root is compressed or inflamed, it can cause pain in the back and leg. (arthritis.org)
  • This procedure uses a heated needle to burn and disable the nerve responsible for the pain. (arthritis.org)
  • Although the nerve usually grows back, allowing pain to return, this can take several months to a year. (arthritis.org)
  • This is a nerve test used to determine whether the electrical activity of the nerves has been disrupted as a result of problems in the back. (arthritis.org)
  • Worsening leg pain with coughing, sneezing, or straining may be a sign of disc damage and nerve compression. (healthcentral.com)
  • A herniated disc in the lower back can put pressure on the nerve that extends down the spinal column. (webmd.com)
  • Less commonly, low back pain can be a sign of a serious medical condition, such as diabetes or a pinched nerve. (webmd.com)
  • Others may experience back pain because the sciatic nerve - which runs through the buttocks - is inflamed causing hip and back pain. (arthritis.org)
  • If the disk ruptures there will be more pressure on a nerve, resulting in back pain. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A sharp and shooting pain travels through the buttock and down the back of the leg, caused by a bulging or herniated disk pressing on a nerve. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The researchers excluded anyone with potential spinal disease, a previous spinal surgery, nerve root pain in the leg, alcohol abuse, a history of psychosis, unable to walk 100m, or who had previous experience in the Alexander technique. (www.nhs.uk)
  • It is a problem associated with the sciatic nerve which is a large nerve start from the lower back and stretches to both the back of both the legs. (selfgrowth.com)
  • When some pressure is applied to this nerve pain occurs in lower back spread out to the legs. (selfgrowth.com)
  • In most cases the pain is not caused by serious damage or disease but by sprains, minor strains, minor injuries or an irritated nerve ending. (news-medical.net)
  • I've had two nerve blocks and two back surgeries at L3-L4. (aruba.com)
  • When the curvature puts pressure on a specific nerve root or a specific nerve and leads to leg pain, you might want to consider a surgical procedure. (npr.org)
  • Spinal surgery is considered only if you have nerve damage or the cause of the back pain does not heal after a long time. (medlineplus.gov)
  • They work best for pain that is caused by nerve damage. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A single area of pain usually means something more specific like a pulled muscle or a pinched nerve. (parents.com)
  • My lower back hurts from time to time and I have nerve pain also in the lower part. (dailystrength.org)
  • Because the bones of the spinal column continue growing long after the spinal cord reaches its full length in early childhood, the nerve roots to the lower back and legs extend many inches down the spinal column before exiting. (daviddarling.info)
  • When these nerve roots become compressed or irritated, back pain results. (daviddarling.info)
  • Low back pain may reflect nerve or muscle irritation or bone lesions. (daviddarling.info)
  • Pain accompanied by fever or loss of bowel or bladder control, pain when coughing, and progressive weakness in the legs may indicate a pinched nerve or other serious condition. (daviddarling.info)
  • The pain is caused by irritation of a nerve root. (faqs.org)
  • Low back pain that radiates down the leg usually indicates involvement of thesciatic nerve. (faqs.org)
  • Is it mechanical, nerve or centralized pain? (arthritis.org)
  • Sometimes, a herniated disk presses on the nerve roots that make up the sciatic nerve in the lower back and legs. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Freemont A, Peack TE, Goupille P et al (1997) Nerve ingrowth into diseased intervertebral disc in chronic back pain. (springer.com)
  • Classic nerve root syndrome is characterized by radicular pain arising from nerve root impingement due to herniated discs . (medscape.com)
  • The theory suggests that it is possible to stop the pain signals or 'close the gate' by activating nerve fibres. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The SCS stimulates the pain-stopping nerve fibres, replacing pain with a pleasant tingling sensation. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Transferred nerve pain down leg. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nociceptive pain is caused by stimulation of sensory nerve fibers that respond to stimuli approaching or exceeding harmful intensity (nociceptors), and may be classified according to the mode of noxious stimulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neck pain may come from any of the structures in the neck including: vascular, nerve, airway, digestive, and musculature / skeletal or be referred from other areas of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation has been found to be ineffective for lower back pain, however, it might help with diabetic neuropathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition it may generate nonnociceptive nerve fibers to respond to pain signals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonnociceptive nerve fibers may also be able to generate and transmit pain signals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The type of nerve fibers that are believed to propagate the pain signals are the C-fibers, since they have a slow conductivity and give rise to a painful sensation that persists over a long time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancer pain can be caused by pressure on, or chemical stimulation of, specialised pain-signalling nerve endings called nociceptors (nociceptive pain), or by damage or illness affecting nerve fibers themselves (neuropathic pain). (wikipedia.org)
  • Compression of the long tracts of the cord itself produces funicular pain and compression of a spinal nerve root (fig. 5) produces radicular pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Convergent projection proposes that afferent nerve fibers from tissues converge onto the same spinal neuron, and explains why referred pain is believed to be segmented in much the same way as the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sciatic nerve runs through the back of each leg and into the feet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nerve conduction studies along with needle electromyography measure nerve and muscle function, and may be indicated when there is pain in the limbs, weakness from spinal nerve compression, or concern about some other neurologic injury or disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is not a reflex, per se, in that the action potential travels from the site of the stimulating electrode in the limb to the spinal cord's ventral horn and back to the limb in the same nerve that was stimulated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The injection can result in a loss of sensation-including the sensation of pain-by blocking the transmission of signals through nerve fibres in or near the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • The locations chosen are specific dermatomes in the back - regions served by a particular nerve root - along with what Marlowe describes as associated "referred tender points" in the ear. (wikipedia.org)
  • This may lead to compression of the nerve root of the spinal cord and result in pain of the lower back and lower extremities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain in cancer can be produced by mechanical (e.g. pinching) or chemical (e.g. inflammation) stimulation of specialized pain-signalling nerve endings found in most parts of the body (called nociceptive pain), or it may be caused by diseased, damaged or compressed nerves, in which case it is called neuropathic pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on the information in the nerve impulses, the brain is able to identify the location and intensity of the pain and what kind of reaction it warrants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two types of implantable devices are used to treat back pain - those that deliver electrical stimulation to the spinal cord and those that deliver medication to it. (arthritis.org)
  • A new tool to help physiotherapy students master complex fine motor skills needed to assess and treat patients suffering physical conditions, such as back pain and spinal cord injuries, is being used at the University of Melbourne. (news-medical.net)
  • In some patients, a spinal cord stimulator can help reduce back pain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A chip to counter pain as it travels up the spinal cord could be available within five years, according to the doctors and National ICT Australia (NICTA) researchers developing it. (zdnet.com)
  • Doctors at Emory are trying to determine if spinal cord stimulation rather than more surgery can be an effective treatment for patients with a condition called Failed Back Surgery Syndrome. (emory.edu)
  • Spinal cord stimulation works by blocking pain signals from reaching the brain, said Howard Levy, assistant professor of orthopaedics and principal investigator of the two-year trial. (emory.edu)
  • Potential complications from spinal cord stimulation may include undesirable changes in stimulation, lead migration and loss of pain-relieving effects in some patients. (emory.edu)
  • Both spinal cord stimulation and reoperation are standard medical procedures used to treat chronic pain. (emory.edu)
  • There is theoretically, a 'gate' in the spinal cord that controls the flow of pain signals to the brain. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Chronic pain may originate in the body, or in the brain or spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuropathic pain is divided into "peripheral" (originating in the peripheral nervous system) and "central" (originating in the brain or spinal cord). (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuropathic pain may result from disorders of the peripheral nervous system or the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). (wikipedia.org)
  • Central neuropathic pain is found in spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and some strokes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cardiac general visceral sensory pain fibers follow the sympathetics back to the spinal cord and have their cell bodies located in thoracic dorsal root ganglia 1-4(5). (wikipedia.org)
  • As a general rule, in the thorax and abdomen, general visceral afferent (GVA) pain fibers follow sympathetic fibers back to the same spinal cord segments that gave rise to the preganglionic sympathetic fibers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The central nervous system (CNS) perceives pain from the heart as coming from the somatic portion of the body supplied by the thoracic spinal cord segments 1-4(5). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tabes dorsalis, also known as syphilitic myelopathy, is a slow degeneration (specifically, demyelination) of the neural tracts primarily in the dorsal columns (posterior columns) of the spinal cord (the portion closest to the back of the body) & dorsal roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spinal fusion is most commonly performed to relieve the pain and pressure on the spinal cord that results when a disc (cartilage between two vertebrae) wears out (degenerative disc disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • In one study, it was the most common type of pain reported by patients, with 25% of U.S. adults reporting LBP in the prior 3 months. (cdc.gov)
  • Another recent study found that in 2015, 27% of opioid-naïve patients with newly diagnosed low back or extremity pain received an opioid prescription. (cdc.gov)
  • Almost 14% of insured patients who sought care for low back pain, were prescribed opioids. (cdc.gov)
  • Given that most patients with acute or subacute low back pain improve over time regardless of treatment, clinicians and patients should select nonpharmacologic treatment with superficial heat (moderate-quality evidence), massage, acupuncture, or spinal manipulation (low-quality evidence). (cdc.gov)
  • Patterns of Opioid and Benzodiazepine Use in Opioid-Naïve Patients with Newly Diagnosed Low Back and Lower Extremity Pain. (cdc.gov)
  • As a result, doctors began to prescribe opioids for their patients with chronic pain more and more. (webmd.com)
  • Speaking to a counselor may motivate patients to more actively participate in recovery from back surgery. (healthcentral.com)
  • From each surgery a random selection of patients (aged 18 to 65) with chronic or recurrent back pain were invited to participate. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Out of 402 low back patients, those treated by Chiropractors achieved clinically successful outcomes with an average of 5.2 visits, for only $302 per case. (prweb.com)
  • Patients with low back pain who are considered by surgeons to be candidates for spinal fusion may obtain similar benefits from an intensive rehabilitation program as they do from surgery," says the study. (webmd.com)
  • Chronic pain is an incredibly difficult problem for many patients with back problems. (npr.org)
  • It is not unusual for patients to experience nocturia and pain with sexual intercourse. (dailystrength.org)
  • From spinal stenosis to rehabilitation of low back pain patients to the latest treatise on fibromyalgia, you ll find it all in Low Back Pain, Seventh Edition. (chiro.org)
  • Researchers have now collected up to 12 months of data on patients undergoing the procedure - called intradiscal biacuplasty (IDB) - and it shows improved pain scores, functioning, and quality of life. (medscape.com)
  • The degenerated disc will not get better, but patients can restore their functional status and can get back to work and a normal active life," said Dr Gofeld. (medscape.com)
  • The results indicate that the procedure is an option for patients who continue to have discogenic pain despite medical management. (medscape.com)
  • Specialized group yoga classes could provide a cost-effective way of treating patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain, according to the UK's largest ever study of the benefits of yoga. (redorbit.com)
  • On the basis of the 12-month trial, we conclude that 12 weekly group classes of specialized yoga are likely to provide a cost-effective intervention for the treatment of patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain. (redorbit.com)
  • Some patients experience numbness or weakness of the legs as well as pain. (faqs.org)
  • Of the 24 patients who initially received the bone marrow injections, half went on to have other procedures over the next 30 months, making it impossible to know what might have affected their back pain. (medicinenet.com)
  • The same research indicates that about 25 percent of these patients continue to experience unresolved pain after surgery. (emory.edu)
  • And, despite a second procedure to relieve the pain, more than 13,000 patients still suffer from unresolved pain. (emory.edu)
  • Cherkin D, Deyo R, Street J et al (1996) Predicting outcomes for back pain seen in primary care using patients' own criteria. (springer.com)
  • Coste J, Lefrancois G, Guillemin F et al (2004) Prognosis and quality of life in patients with acute low-back pain: insights from a comprehensive inception cohort study. (springer.com)
  • Patients with recurrent low back pain and history of prior surgical intervention should be evaluated with contrast-enhanced MRI. (medscape.com)
  • Patients who have been confined to bed by the severity of the pain or side effects can then find themselves with less pain, fewer side effects and increased mobility, without the disadvantage of attached apparatus. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • However, this may not be diagnosed specifically as scans will not be offered to patients with low back pain unless the pain is extremely serious. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Low level laser therapy has been shown to reduce pain immediately after treatment in acute neck pain and up to 22 weeks after completion of treatment in patients with chronic neck pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients may experience pain with bladder filling, which is also a typical sign of IC. (wikipedia.org)
  • An estimated 50-70% of patients presenting with chest pain in the emergency department will be placed in an observation unit or admitted to the hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another report described seven patients, whose previously well-controlled pain escalated significantly over several days. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between 40 and 80 percent of patients with cancer pain experience neuropathic pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study of patients with acute low back pain found the primary care physicians provided equivalent quality of care but at lower costs than orthopedic specialists. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2007 the American College of Physicians and the American Pain Society jointly recommended that clinicians consider spinal manipulation for patients who do not improve with self care options. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically they have also been used to detect malingering in patients with back pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dickerman has received attention from the media for performing a controversial procedure to treat patients for back pain, that utilizes the patient's own stem cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the U.S., family physicians treat more patients with back pain than any other physician subspecialist, and about as many as orthopedists and neurosurgeons combined. (wikipedia.org)
  • BackCare acts as the hub between patients, (healthcare) professionals, employers, policy makers, researchers and all others with an interest in back pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • With competent management, cancer pain can be eliminated or well controlled in 80% to 90% of cases, but nearly 50% of cancer patients in the developed world receive less than optimal care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some patients, however, may be unable to give verbal feedback about their pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The largest group is mechanical back pain, which includes strains and sprains, injuries, disc lesions, degenerative disc disease , spinal stenosis , osteoarthritis and fractures of bone secondary to osteoporosis . (arthritis.org)
  • People with osteoporosis in the back can experience middle back pain due to strains or compression fractures. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In osteoporosis, the bones become weaker and can develop small cracks, or fractures, in the bones, resulting in pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fracture Rib fractures, common in breast, prostate and other cancers with rib metastases, can cause brief severe pain on twisting the trunk, coughing, laughing, breathing deeply or moving between sitting and lying. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among his notable books are Textbook of Orthopedics: With Clinical Examination Methods in Orthopedics, John Ebnezar Cbs Handbooks in Orthopedics and Fractures, Step by Step: Injection Techniques in Orthopaedics, Step by Step: Emergency in Orthopaedics, Low Back Pain and Practical Orthopedics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute fractures will cause severe back pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carragee EJ (2001) Psychological and functional profiles in select subjects with low-back pain. (springer.com)
  • Newleaf (2001) Beating Back Pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low back pain is a very common problem in adults, as we cannot avoid the normal wear and tear on our spines that goes along with aging. (healthfinder.gov)
  • 25% of U.S. adults report having low back pain in the last 3 months. (cdc.gov)
  • Back pain is one of the most common health problems in the United States - 80 percent of adults report having had back pain at some time. (arthritis.org)
  • Low back pain is a highly prevalent condition in the UK, with many adults suffering at some point in their lives, some experiencing recurrent problems. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Back pain is so common that you've probably experienced it for yourself - or you will at some point in your life, since over 85% of adults do. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Up to 10% of adults dealing with back pain end up with chronic back pain. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Approximately 26% of U.S. adults have experienced back pain in the past three months. (prweb.com)
  • Bigos SJ, Boyer OR, Braen GR. Acute Low Back Problems in Adults. (medscape.com)
  • Peng T, Perez A, Pettee Gabriel K. The Association Among Overweight, Obesity, and Low Back Pain in U.S. Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study of the 2015 National Health Interview Survey. (medscape.com)
  • Up to 80 percent of adults will experience low back pain at least once in their lives. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Back pain is an ailment which most adults experience at least once in their lifetime. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Approximately two thirds of adults are affected by mechanical low back pain at some point in their lives, making it the second most common complaint in ambulatory medicine and the third most expensive disorder in terms of health care dollars spent surpassed only by cancer and heart disease. (medscape.com)
  • Low back pain reportedly occurs at least once in 85% of adults younger than 50 years, and 15-20% of Americans have at least one episode of back pain per year. (medscape.com)
  • Furthermore, the incidence of current smoking and the association with low back pain is higher in adolescents than in adults. (medscape.com)
  • Back pain is common, with about nine out of ten adults experiencing it at some point in their life, and five out of ten working adults having it every year. (wikipedia.org)
  • If your pain continues, your provider may suggest nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). (medlineplus.gov)
  • To relieve the pain of disk herniation, a person can try resting the back, taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs ), and applying a cloth-covered ice pack for 10 minutes several times per day. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • There are two kinds of over-the-counter pain relievers that frequently help with back pain: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen. (webmd.com)
  • In the United States, opioid prescription for low back pain has increased, and opioids are now the most commonly prescribed drug class. (bmj.com)
  • Holt (14, 15), who also found that degeneration of the disc is common and commonly found in subjects with no history of back pain, concluded that pain production is not necessarily an indication of an abnormal disc. (apta.org)
  • Neurologic deficits and pain radiation below the knee are rarely seen in irritation alone and are most commonly found with impingement. (medscape.com)
  • the two most commonly used markers being 3 months and 6 months since the onset of pain, though some theorists and researchers have placed the transition from acute to chronic pain at 12 months. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dyspnoea and chest pain commonly occurs during daily activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is commonly felt as tenderness, with constant background pain and instances of spontaneous or movement-related exacerbation, and is frequently described as severe. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2010 systematic review found that most studies suggest SM achieves equal or superior improvement in pain and function when compared with other commonly used interventions for short, intermediate, and long-term follow-up. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reviews published in 2008 and 2006 suggested that SM for low back pain was equally effective as other commonly used interventions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now more commonly called "tabetic ocular crises", an attack is characterized by sudden, intense eye pain, tearing of the eyes and sensitivity to light. (wikipedia.org)
  • He may ask you to stand and walk to determine if back pain is affecting your gait (the manner in which you walk) or if an awkward gait (perhaps due to leg-length discrepancy or arthritis in the knee or hip) may be contributing to your back pain. (arthritis.org)
  • Other diseases - Those with arthritis and cancers with spread to bones may also experience back pain. (news-medical.net)
  • There are a number of different forms of arthritis , some of which can affect the back. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Many people with chronic back pain have arthritis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • NSAIDs help reduce the swelling around the swollen disk or arthritis in the back. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Professor Alan Silman, Medical Director of Arthritis Research UK, said: "We welcome the fact that not only has yoga been found to help people manage their back pain, but that it is also cost effective, and results in fewer sick days. (redorbit.com)
  • Back pain can occur with many forms of arthritis and related conditions, including ankylosing spondylitis , enteropathic arthritis , psoriatic arthritis and fibromyalgia . (arthritis.org)
  • Arthritis in the joints of the back can also result in discomfort. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain is usually transitory, lasting only until the noxious stimulus is removed or the underlying damage or pathology has healed, but some painful conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, peripheral neuropathy, cancer and idiopathic pain, may persist for years. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may also coexist with low back pain, arthritis, and obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Osteoarthritis Research Society International-Outcome Measures in Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Trials (OARSI-OMERACT) Initiative, New OA Pain Measure: Disease-Specific, Osteoarthritis Pain The Numeric Rating Scale (NRS-11) is an 11-point scale for patient self-reporting of pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Back pain can range from a dull ache to a sudden sharp pain when you try and lift something. (breastcancer.org)
  • You may have a tingling or burning sensation, a dull achy feeling, or sharp pain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Back pain -- whether a dull ache or shooting -- is just one sign that something's going on with your back. (webmd.com)
  • Impingement pain tends to be sharp, well localized, and can be associated with paresthesia, whereas irritation pain tends to be dull, poorly localized, and without paresthesia. (medscape.com)
  • The pain may be characterized as a dull ache, shooting or piercing pain, or a burning sensation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Characteristic features of a myofascial trigger points include: focal point tenderness, reproduction of pain upon trigger point palpation, hardening of the muscle upon trigger point palpation, pseudo-weakness of the involved muscle, referred pain, and limited range of motion following approximately 5 seconds of sustained trigger point pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radicular syndrome and low-back pain]. (nih.gov)
  • Back pain can be divided into non-radicular pain and radiculopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Zembo, "If you have numbness or tingling sensations in your legs or arms, or pain radiating down your leg, these are signs that you should see a doctor. (medicinenet.com)
  • Q: I am 29 weeks pregnant and have been experiencing a pain/discomfort in my upper back just on the right side. (parents.com)
  • Back pain associated with loss of bowel and bladder is very rare, but it's a neurosurgical emergency," says Lawrence W. Frank, MD, assistant professor in the department of physical medicine and rehabilitation and the department of neurological surgery at Rush Medical College in Chicago. (medicinenet.com)
  • In Jan of 09 I began havng pain on my right side right around the ribs In may of 09 my gall bladder was removed laprascopiclly. (medhelp.org)
  • Pain can be present in the perineum, testicles, tip of penis, pubic or bladder area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some researchers have suggested that CPPS is a form of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Astronauts have expressed an increased incidence of back pain during spaceflight and herniated intervertebral discs (IVD) have been diagnosed upon return of Skylab and Shuttle spaceflight participants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The astronaut also reported back pain on landing day that was associated with a herniated intervertebral disc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal lordotic curvatures, also known as secondary curvatures, result in a difference in the thickness between the front and back parts of the intervertebral disc. (wikipedia.org)
  • If your doctor suspects the source of your pain is in the facet joints, where the vertebrae connect to one another, she may recommend a procedure called a facet joint block. (arthritis.org)
  • A fracture or broken bone can occur in any of the vertebrae in the middle back as a result of a sports injury, automobile crash, or fall. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This was a randomised controlled trial designed to examine the effectiveness of the Alexander technique, massage, exercise advice, and behavioural counselling for chronic and recurrent low back pain. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Your primary care doctor, family physician, or internist is a good place to start when you're seeking to get your back on track. (medicinenet.com)
  • You should only get pain medicine from one physician. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A physician should be consulted if the pain persists even for a short period of time. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Through ASIPP Publishing, ASIPP publishes Pain Physician, a bimonthly peer-reviewed journal. (wikipedia.org)
  • All content, including print, is freely available online at the Pain Physician website. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain Physician publishes these guidelines. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some arguments put forth in physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia debates, pain has been used as an argument to permit people who are terminally ill to end their lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain management, pain medicine, pain control or algiatry, is a branch of medicine employing an interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those living with chronic pain The typical pain management team includes medical practitioners, pharmacists, clinical psychologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, physician assistants, nurses. (wikipedia.org)
  • A complication of tabes dorsalis can be transient neuralgic paroxysmal pain affecting the eyes and the ophthalmic areas, previously called "Pel's crises" after Dutch physician P.K. Pel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical dependence is a constant need by your body for the drug, even when you aren't in pain. (webmd.com)
  • In a recent public survey conducted by the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (AAPM&R) -- the medical organization representing physiatrists (medical doctors specializing in physical medicine and rehabilitation) -- one out of two respondents complained that they presently had low back pain, and in about half of those surveyed, the pain was severe enough to interfere with their daily activities, at times becoming debilitating. (medicinenet.com)
  • Whether the pain that individuals experience is physical or psychological, constant or intermittent, or caused by work conditions or brought to the job, its effect on their productivity and wellbeing is a huge problem. (news-medical.net)
  • During the physical exam, your provider will try to pinpoint the location of the pain and figure out how it affects your movement. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A tennis coach or your physical therapist can show you different techniques that can help reduce the stress on your back. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Wedenberg and two nurse- midwives compared acupuncture to physical therapy in 60 pregnant women with low back pain. (webmd.com)
  • The acupuncture group had an average pain reduction of 2.5 points in the morning and six points in the evening, whereas the physical therapy group had a reduction of only 1.5 points in the morning and two points in the evening. (webmd.com)
  • The pain meds do not even take all the pain away and the Dr. says I have a pulled muscle and wants me to do physical therapy. (medhelp.org)
  • Most back pain results from having bad "back habits" and being in poor physical shape. (everything2.com)
  • The study showed consistent improvement for the IDB plus CMM group on the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score at 6 months, as well as improvement on the 36-item short-form physical functioning scale (SF-36-PF) and on quality of life. (medscape.com)
  • This week, APTA launched a public awareness campaign to educate consumers about how to prevent and treat low back pain with the help of a physical therapist. (apta.org)
  • The goal of the campaign is to drive people to www.moveforwardpt.com to learn more about low back pain, the ways in which a physical therapist can help, and to find a PT. (apta.org)
  • Pilates can be beneficial for this, but most forms of physical activity will help you stay strong and pain-free. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Physical medicine and rehabilitation employs diverse physical techniques such as thermal agents and electrotherapy, as well as therapeutic exercise and behavioral therapy, alone or in tandem with interventional techniques and conventional pharmacotherapy to treat pain, usually as part of an interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary program. (wikipedia.org)
  • During physical exertion or sudden movements, the ligament is overly stretched, causing pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • In extreme cases, where the pain does not improve after physical therapy, cortisone shots, and anti-inflammatory medication, the inflamed bursa can be removed surgically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chest pain usually happens during physical activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain disorder Psychogenic disease Psychological trauma Psychoneuroimmunology Psychosomatic medicine Psychalgia - Physical pain that is possibly of psychological origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Complete Guide to Joseph H. Pilates' Techniques of Physical Conditioning: With Special Help for Back Pain and Sports Training. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, see your doctor if you start having back pain for the first time after age 50, or if you have a history of cancer, osteoporosis, steroid use, or drug or alcohol abuse. (mayoclinic.org)