Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Intermediate Back Muscles: Two muscles, the serratus posterior superior and serratus posterior inferior, located in between the deep and the superficial back muscle layers. Their function is to control THORAX movement.Back Muscles: Musculature of the BACK.Lumbosacral Region: Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.Superficial Back Muscles: The top layer of the back muscles whose function is to move the SCAPULA. This group of muscles consists of the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor and levator scapulae.Low Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Muscle Fatigue: A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Abdominal Muscles: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Muscle Proteins: The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Proprioception: Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Muscle Fibers, Skeletal: Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.Muscle, Smooth, Vascular: The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.Muscle Development: Developmental events leading to the formation of adult muscular system, which includes differentiation of the various types of muscle cell precursors, migration of myoblasts, activation of myogenesis and development of muscle anchorage.Muscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch: Skeletal muscle fibers characterized by their expression of the Type II MYOSIN HEAVY CHAIN isoforms which have high ATPase activity and effect several other functional properties - shortening velocity, power output, rate of tension redevelopment. Several fast types have been identified.Muscle Denervation: The resection or removal of the innervation of a muscle or muscle tissue.Muscle Fibers, Slow-Twitch: Skeletal muscle fibers characterized by their expression of the Type I MYOSIN HEAVY CHAIN isoforms which have low ATPase activity and effect several other functional properties - shortening velocity, power output, rate of tension redevelopment.Myocytes, Smooth Muscle: Non-striated, elongated, spindle-shaped cells found lining the digestive tract, uterus, and blood vessels. They are derived from specialized myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SMOOTH MUSCLE).Mitochondria, Muscle: Mitochondria of skeletal and smooth muscle. It does not include myocardial mitochondria for which MITOCHONDRIA, HEART is available.Neck Muscles: The neck muscles consist of the platysma, splenius cervicis, sternocleidomastoid(eus), longus colli, the anterior, medius, and posterior scalenes, digastric(us), stylohyoid(eus), mylohyoid(eus), geniohyoid(eus), sternohyoid(eus), omohyoid(eus), sternothyroid(eus), and thyrohyoid(eus).Oculomotor Muscles: The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.Muscle, Striated: One of two types of muscle in the body, characterized by the array of bands observed under microscope. Striated muscles can be divided into two subtypes: the CARDIAC MUSCLE and the SKELETAL MUSCLE.Muscle Spindles: Skeletal muscle structures that function as the MECHANORECEPTORS responsible for the stretch or myotactic reflex (REFLEX, STRETCH). They are composed of a bundle of encapsulated SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS, i.e., the intrafusal fibers (nuclear bag 1 fibers, nuclear bag 2 fibers, and nuclear chain fibers) innervated by SENSORY NEURONS.Muscle Relaxation: That phase of a muscle twitch during which a muscle returns to a resting position.Muscle Weakness: A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)Respiratory Muscles: These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.Papillary Muscles: Conical muscular projections from the walls of the cardiac ventricles, attached to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves by the chordae tendineae.Quadriceps Muscle: The quadriceps femoris. A collective name of the four-headed skeletal muscle of the thigh, comprised of the rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis, and vastus medialis.Back Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.Muscle Cells: Mature contractile cells, commonly known as myocytes, that form one of three kinds of muscle. The three types of muscle cells are skeletal (MUSCLE FIBERS, SKELETAL), cardiac (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC), and smooth (MYOCYTES, SMOOTH MUSCLE). They are derived from embryonic (precursor) muscle cells called MYOBLASTS.Masseter Muscle: A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws.Facial Muscles: Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Masticatory Muscles: Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Intercostal Muscles: Respiratory muscles that arise from the lower border of one rib and insert into the upper border of the adjoining rib, and contract during inspiration or respiration. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Muscular Atrophy: Derangement in size and number of muscle fibers occurring with aging, reduction in blood supply, or following immobilization, prolonged weightlessness, malnutrition, and particularly in denervation.Isometric Contraction: Muscular contractions characterized by increase in tension without change in length.Satellite Cells, Skeletal Muscle: Elongated, spindle-shaped, quiescent myoblasts lying in close contact with adult skeletal muscle. They are thought to play a role in muscle repair and regeneration.Pectoralis Muscles: The pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles that make up the upper and fore part of the chest in front of the AXILLA.Muscular Diseases: Acquired, familial, and congenital disorders of SKELETAL MUSCLE and SMOOTH MUSCLE.Psoas Muscles: A powerful flexor of the thigh at the hip joint (psoas major) and a weak flexor of the trunk and lumbar spinal column (psoas minor). Psoas is derived from the Greek "psoa", the plural meaning "muscles of the loin". It is a common site of infection manifesting as abscess (PSOAS ABSCESS). The psoas muscles and their fibers are also used frequently in experiments in muscle physiology.Myofibrils: The long cylindrical contractile organelles of STRIATED MUSCLE cells composed of ACTIN FILAMENTS; MYOSIN filaments; and other proteins organized in arrays of repeating units called SARCOMERES .Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Hindlimb: Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)Temporal Muscle: A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws; its posterior portion retracts the mandible.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Myosin Heavy Chains: The larger subunits of MYOSINS. The heavy chains have a molecular weight of about 230 kDa and each heavy chain is usually associated with a dissimilar pair of MYOSIN LIGHT CHAINS. The heavy chains possess actin-binding and ATPase activity.Pharyngeal Muscles: The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.Diaphragm: The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.Motor Neurons: Neurons which activate MUSCLE CELLS.GlycogenNeuromuscular Junction: The synapse between a neuron and a muscle.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Muscular Dystrophy, AnimalMyoblasts: Embryonic (precursor) cells of the myogenic lineage that develop from the MESODERM. They undergo proliferation, migrate to their various sites, and then differentiate into the appropriate form of myocytes (MYOCYTES, SKELETAL; MYOCYTES, CARDIAC; MYOCYTES, SMOOTH MUSCLE).Muscle Cramp: A sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers. This may occur as an isolated phenomenon or as a manifestation of an underlying disease process (e.g., UREMIA; HYPOTHYROIDISM; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; etc.). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1398)Actins: Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Physical Exertion: Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.Regeneration: The physiological renewal, repair, or replacement of tissue.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.

Comparison of multidirectional seated postural stability between individuals with spinal cord injury and able-bodied individuals. (1/5)

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Factors contributing to lumbar region passive tissue characteristics in people with and people without low back pain. (2/5)

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Population divergence in venom bioactivities of elapid snake Pseudonaja textilis: role of procoagulant proteins in rapid rodent prey incapacitation. (3/5)

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Use of the serratus anterior muscle flap for postoperative empyema -- a single center experience with 25 consecutive cases. (4/5)

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The intra- and inter-rater reliability of five clinical muscle performance tests in patients with and without neck pain. (5/5)

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Devices employed in electrical policing rely on fundamental responses of nerve and muscle to supraphysiologic current to quell disruptive behavior. Whilst widely deployed the use of neuromuscular incapacitation (NMI) remains controversial, in part, due to gaps in understanding of the underlying mechanisms related to injury. NMI device manufacturers are thus constrained by empirical evidence for safety and effectiveness for a specific device design. Here we examine published data for several NMI devices considering ex vivo signal characteristics and in vivo responses in relation to effectiveness and injury. The sensitivity of lactate production to NMI device signal frequency (Hz) and macro-dosimetry is explored as a primary device design factor in NMI modes of injury. The non-lethal approach to policing regardless of technology will result in fatalities due to compromised health and substance abuse status unknowable at the time of NMI application. Thus, research to establish a science-based understanding
The incapacitation system has been modified to put players into a "locked" view facing away from the player that incapacitates them for a (default) time period of ten seconds. The incapacitated player is also prevented from using any commands or VOIP calls except for the "Medic" call. This incapacitation locking time value may be modified (or the feature disabled entirely) by the server administrator via a new INI configuration entry. The purpose of this new functionality is to give a slight advantage to the player who incapacitates another so they may move away (or secure) the incapacitated soldier and reduce the reporting by incapacitated soldiers during the initial "locked view" time period. Once the "locked view" time period has expired incapacitation works just like it did in 3.0.7 ...
The incapacitation system has been modified to put players into a "locked" view facing away from the player that incapacitates them for a (default) time period of ten seconds. The incapacitated player is also prevented from using any commands or VOIP calls except for the "Medic" call. This incapacitation locking time value may be modified (or the feature disabled entirely) by the server administrator via a new INI configuration entry. The purpose of this new functionality is to give a slight advantage to the player who incapacitates another so they may move away (or secure) the incapacitated soldier and reduce the reporting by incapacitated soldiers during the initial "locked view" time period. Once the "locked view" time period has expired incapacitation works just like it did in 3.0.7 ...
On the following pages you can find printable materials or watch videos that offer a variety of information about the topic of sexual assault and relationship violence.
A person, who due to mental illness, mental deficiency or any other mental disorder is not able to control their conduct, may be declared completely legally incapacitated (Article 13 of the Civil Code of 23 April 1964). Pursuant to Article 16 of the Civil Code a person whose condition does not justify the declaration of complete incapacitation, but who needs assistance to manage their affairs, may be declared partially legally incapaci-tated.. The consequences of the incapacitation are the following: the limitation or exclusion of the possibility to enter into civil-legal transactions independently (Article 14 of the Civil Code), to become a proxy (Article 109.2 of the Civil Code), to draft a will (Article 944 of the Civil Code) or enter into marriage (Article 11 §1 of the Family and Guardianship Code of 25 February 1964). In the scope of labour law, it is impossible for the legally incapacitated person to take up a job, and the autonomy of the partially incapacitated person is limited (Article ...
Evaluating incapacitation also requires an assessment of whether a respondent (person accused of alleged sexual misconduct) should have been aware of the complainants (person who experienced the conducts) incapacitation based on objectively and reasonably apparent indications of impairment when viewed from the perspective of a sober, reasonable person in the respondents position.. In general, the College considers sexual contact while under the influence of alcohol or other drugs to be risky behavior.. Alcohol and drugs impair a persons decision-making capacity, awareness of consequences, and ability to make informed judgments. It is especially important, therefore, that anyone engaging in sexual activity be aware of the other persons level of intoxication.. If there is any doubt as to the level or extent of the other individuals intoxication or impairment, the prudent course of action is to forgo or cease any sexual contact or activity.. ...
Does Bushinsky really believe that an Arab soldier from Umm el-Fahm would carry out an order to kill or capture a terrorist in Jenin, or that a haredi soldier would carry out an order issued by his commanding officer without first checking whether it was in compliance with Halacha? What would be workable and wise, and has worked in America, is a change from a "welfare" system to a "workfare" system whereby the number of financially dependent has been dramatically reduced over the past 20 years. The system requires able-bodied individuals to provide service in order to receive benefits. Many "graduate" to regular-paying jobs ...
A mobility limiting injury can throw me back down into a mental world of not coping. My body reacts with anxiety before my mind invents a reason to be racing. I have to pay attention to be able to recognise that this is happening, that my physical sensations are guiding my thoughts and that I have the power to let those thoughts go. I have to find the strength to deny the extra pain and incapacitation as a reason to give up and cry. I have to be strong enough to recognise that (in all likelihood) the injury will heal and I will be okay again. I have to be brave enough to trust my body, despite its history of letting me down. Its a lot of thinking and realising and letting go. Its a lot. ...
Obese and overweight dogs are predisposed to getting diabetes because their blood glucose level will continue to increase. The dogs body will naturally secrete insulin in higher amounts but at some point its body will not be able to cope with the increased amounts of insulin and diabetes will result.. A dog with extra weight is much more likely to develop arthritis at a younger age. Typically a dog will develop arthritis after the age of eight but an obese dog may have joint problems much earlier in life because the extra weight adds stress on the joints which in turn cause pain and swelling.. Extra weight can add pressure on the dogs ligaments and tendons causing further soreness. The ligaments in the dogs knees and feet may become injured, causing incapacitation. Weight loss is essential to reduce stress on the dogs joints, tendons and ligaments. In severe cases the dog will require surgery.. Arthritis is not a treatable condition, but may be managed with supplements like Winstons Joint ...
Myocardial infarction is difficult to detect early. Due to delayed and uncertain diagnosis, physicians are unable to take treatment decisions during the golden hour, i.e. before commencement of necrosis. These delays cause incapacitation and death of the patient. We propose to build a smart instrument that will rapidly diagnose myocardial Infarction. We will employ a microcantilever-based bio-sensing system, to detect early cardiac markers (eg. myoglobin) that are released in the blood after an MI event. The instrument will be highly sensitive, highly selective and would provide a rapid diagnosis. The instrument can be used even by a qualified nurse at a rural primary healthcare centre in India.. ...
Of course a brush with death or incapacitation like that also intensifies and clarifies what is truly important, so its fair to say it helped me both streamline my activities and stop unconsciously treating both health and time as if they are limitless resources - theyre not. It created a sense of urgency.
I am scheduled to be out of town next week on non-Institute business. It has been pointed out that we have no succession plan of leadership to conduct business in my absence or sudden demise. This is a huge problem. The problem is that we have no qualified candidates to assume these responsibilities. I have studied parallel circumstances to attempt to find some solution, but have been stymied at every turn to date. For example, upon the death or incapacitation of members of Congress, there have been instances of spouses assuming the position their spouse occupied. Mrs. Kfred would be a logical choice to be my replacement, but, as Director of Institute Safety, she has no interest in the Executive Director position. I would not be so cruel as to saddle Kred Jrs 1 or 2 at this point in their young lives to have to deal with this band of Weirdos, Whackos, and Misfits. Dickie the Peap would probably be the immediate and first choice to carry on our mission, but his disability prevents him from ...
Roosevelt won 432 electoral votes to Deweys anemic 99. He and Harry Truman were sworn into office on January 20, 1945. By then, Roosevelt had had numerous moments of serious incapacitation, though the campaign had seemed to revive his vigor. Truman, who had met FDR for an opportunity to be photographed with him was not briefed by Roosevelt on the events affecting either foreign or domestic affairs. To most Americans, he was a blank slate, but he turned out to be a successful President and was returned to office in the next election ...
The differential patterns of behaviour of hearing parents (30 married couples) who cope with the reality of parenting a hearing-impaired child were studied. Responses on the Questionnaire on Resources and Stress indicated no significant differences between mothers and fathers for pessimism, child characteristics, and physical incapacitation. Mothers obtained a significantly higher stress-response on their perception of difficulties for themselves, other family members, and the family as a whole. Parents with more education reported less stress than those with less education. Mothers perceived the emotional support they received from their spouses as insufficient and the amount of free time they had for themselves as inadequate.. ...
MyoMaps1 offers the possibility of acquiring pixel-based quantitative myocardial tissue characteristics. Robustly, efficiently, and on the fly.. MyoMaps has the clinical potential to help you assess myocardial pathologies with new information, such as:. ...
Studying variability in wheelchair propulsion allows for a greater understanding of the natural range of movements. Attaining a greater sense of this range of natural movements allows for increased confidence in the results of future wheelchair propulsion studies, since movements in this range would not be specifically attributed to the experimental condition. Understanding this variability in 10-minute trials might prove to be helpful in the future for wheelchair training purposes, considering that improvements can be identified with greater confidence if they are outside of the natural variation. Additionally, this study provides insight regarding whether the wheelchair movements observed in able-bodied individuals can be used to represent the movements of manual wheelchair users, which is helpful information if researchers plan to use able-bodied individuals in future wheeling studies relevant to individuals with SCI.. ...
The term incapacitating agent is defined by the U.S. Department of Defense as: "An agent that produces temporary physiological or mental effects, or both, which will render individuals incapable of concerted effort in the performance of their assigned duties." Lethal agents are primarily intended to kill, but incapacitating agents can also kill if administered in a potent enough dose, or in certain scenarios. The term "incapacitation," when used in a general sense, is not equivalent to the term "disability" as used in occupational medicine and denotes the inability to perform a task because of a quantifiable physical or mental impairment. In this sense, any of the chemical warfare agents may incapacitate a victim; however, by the military definition of this type of agent, incapacitation refers to impairments that are temporary and nonlethal. Thus, riot-control agents are incapacitating because they cause temporary loss of vision due to blepharospasm, but they are not considered military ...
To determine possible crime reduction effects of incapacitation, the data was examined on a case-by-case basis, and a methodology suited to the ambiguities in the data was developed. Marginal benefits were measured by the actual number of police contacts and serious adjudications that occurred, and marginal costs were measured in terms of the incarceration rate maintained by the policy. It was concluded that there is no evidence in the study to support the argument that selective incapacitation is a practical strategy for crime reduction. This analysis calls attention to the danger that sophisticated statistical analysis will obscure rather than reveal the reality behind the data, especially when researchers ignore the organizational settings in which the data were collected. 6 tables, 7 notes, and 36 references (Author abstract modified) ...
White-tailed kite (Elanus leucurus) populations in the 1930s were close to extirpation in the United States. But by the 1940s, an upward trend towards recovery was apparent and continued to their current stable population levels. These dramatic fluctuations in kite numbers may have been related to changes in rodent prey populations due to the conversion of native habitats to agriculture. To address this question, we evaluated the use of stable isotope analysis in determining if a shift in diet could be isotopically differentiated in current and historic kite populations. We first compared δ 13C, δ 15N, and δ 34S values from present-day kite flight feathers and prey fur samples from four locations in California. The total ranges of isotope values for kite and their rodent prey were similar within each site. Carbon isotope values ranged from m 27.1 to m 22.2 in Arcata, m 26.1 to m 16.9 in Davis,...
Abstract: : Purpose: When culturing human RPE cells changes in the distinctive tissue characteristics are observed, including loss of functional aspects such as apical-basal polarity and pigmentation. Loss of these characteristics limits comparisons between the in vivo and cultured systems. The development of epithelial morphology in tissues is thought to be related to cadherin signal transduction and formation of cell junctions. A Ca2+ switching protocol was used to induce rapid formation of such junctions. This protocol also tested for additional changes in the functional tissue characteristics. Recovery of such functional aspects is necessary to obtain a cultured model system more similar to that seen in vivo. Methods: RPE cell cultures devoid of pigment displaying a variety of morphologies were used between passages five and sixteen. The cultures were trypsinized and split into paired groups. One group was maintained in low (50 µM) Ca2+ DMEM plus 10% dialyzed FBS while the other was ...
Housed in the College of Engineering, the CSNE is a cross-disciplinary hub that brings together medicine and engineering to develop novel solutions for conditions that range from stroke to spinal cord injury. Its an ecosystem of innovation centered on a shared mission: empowering people with disabilities through connecting brains with technology.. "The CSNE has become the catalyst for almost seamless collaboration between neuroscientists, neurosurgeons, neuroethicists and engineers," says Rao. "Together, were paving the way for next-generation neurotechnologies that will help the body heal, feel and move again.". When the average able-bodied individual wants to sip a cup of coffee, for instance, they dont think about bringing the mug to their lips - they just do it. But while the intent to move is still there for individuals who have undergone stroke or spinal cord injury and experience paralysis, theres a missing link - say, a damaged nerve - in the loop that sends that message from the ...
One of the interesting things the author discusses is how temporary cavities do not generally contribute to incapacitation. That is, when a bullet hits you, the force temporarily pushes your flesh apart, but as it penetrates or stops moving, the flesh flaps back closed behind it, with only a smaller, more permanent cavity being important. Handgun bullets and other projectiles tend to leave only small permanent cavities, which must penetrate into the central nervous system, key blood vessels or other organs where a small loss of mass is sufficient to incapacitate the person. The end result of this is many people, when injured but not incapacitated by a weapon, just keep on doing whatever theyre doing (trying to kill you or run away from you, mainly ...
At about that time, I was called in to assist two dentists who were unable to work due to health reasons.. Jimmy had a large orthodontic contract, which he maintained with the assistance of a young associate.. When he developed angina and subsequently needed a quintuple coronary bypass, he turned to me to become his minority partner in order to maintain the practice.. He clearly understood the risks of general anaesthetics and wanted to ensure that in the event of his demise or incapacitation, the practice could be sold as a going concern.. Dave was an otherwise fit 62-year-old with a 99% NHS, single-handed practice.. He suffered a severe spinal injury whilst cycling and would never practice again.. With the assistance of his lawyer, I joined him as a partner and was able to manage the business until a buyer was found.. In Daves case, he was going to need constant care for the foreseeable future so every penny was important.. These cases brought home to me the value and necessity of planning ...
Workers claim that they have been subjected to unacceptable living and working conditions since 2012. Appropriate rest is recognised as a prerequisite for proper working conditions, but housing conditions at Lom Pangar are deplorable. Though the law obliges employers to pay a compensatory housing allowance to workers in case lodging facilities do not respect minimum legal requirements, CWE has failed to respect the construction specifications, such as the number of occupants per room and has not paid the compensatory allowance. In Lom Pangar, four workers share a room which reduces sleep intensity, affecting performance and concentration at work. Consequently, some workers have suffered serious accidents resulting in incapacitation. Instead of retraining incapacitated workers as required by law, CWE has dismissed some for lack of capacity and are underpaying those maintained by downgrading their posts.. In January 2014, a Cameroon Network of Human Rights Organizations report called the human ...
The removal of the frogs brain or incapacitation by spinal injury was conveniently left out of subsequent renditions until the story virtually became a legend. Thus was born the cautionary tale of the frog in boiling water syndrome.. Many subsequent experiments were conducted on unimpaired frogs. Some claimed that if the heat were increased gradually enough, even unimpaired amphibians would remain in the water until their demise. Either way the story goes, it is an appropriate metaphor for the way FDA and CDC officials treat American medical consumers.. Whether these government health officials believe medical consumers are brainless or spineless enough to accept everything put forth by health authorities without question; or whether FDA/CDC officials believe they are turning up the heat gradually enough that no one will notice makes no difference.. By continuing to promote a one-size-fits-all vaccination schedule, knowing full well that vaccines can and do cause substantial harm (even ...
It is common that in a terminal patient can exist multiple symptoms, that are changing, intense and its origin is due to multiple factors and that, in addition, cause in it a certain degree of incapacitation, worry and emotional impact.. The intensity of the symptoms depends on many factors that surround the patient as the company, affection, distraction, environment, etc. that can alter the perception and sensation of pain or other symptoms. In general, as the disease progresses, the number of symptoms and their intensity increases.. When family or medical personnel caring for the sick, not only help you deal with physical problems that prevent you to meet their basic needs (food, hygiene, hydration, sleep, etc.) they get to improve their quality of life and well-being.. General care of the patient must be adapted to their situation, prognosis and location and it is necessary to establish the priorities of the moment.. ...
http://www.yourlawyer.com/practice_areas/nursing_home_negligence">Nursing home abuse, though despicable, is hardly uncommon. Although laws vary by state, most states do have lawsâ€"which include criminal penaltiesâ€"in place to protect senior citizens from elder abuse; nursing homes are not exempt from these laws.. Unfortunately, nursing home abuse tends to be underreported because individual homes do not take elder abuse seriously and residents fear embarrassment, injury, even incapacitation for speaking up. As with any abuse, the only way to prevent more instances is to stop it immediately as soon as abuse is suspected.. Thoroughly investigate any nursing home being considered. Undervalued, underpaid, and untrained employees tend to render more abuse. Ask about and watch for high employee turnover rates. Employees who are not properly trained or paid may not be concerned with the residents in their charge and even less concerned about challenging authority if they suspect ...
a) each employee shall make a contribution of Rupees Fifteen per month to the Benevolent fund and the Bureau shall make towards its contribution at the rate of Rupees Thirty per employee per month;. (b) on permanent incapacitation of an employee, he shall be paid an amount of Rupees One Lakh; and. (c) In case of death of an employee during service, an amount of Rupees One Lakh shall be paid in accordance with the nomination made by the deceased in respect of his General Provident Fund accumulations and where no such nomination exists to such persons as may be eligible to receive the amount under the General Provident Fund (Central Services) Rules, 1960, as amended from time to time. ...
In its weekly meeting on Wednesday night, the Graduate Student Council (GSC) addressed issues surrounding the Campus Climate Survey, KZSUs complaint over its funding and graduate students healthcare issues. Survey committee. Brian Cook, the Director of Assessment and Program Evaluation, asked the GSC for its thoughts as the Campus Climate Survey (CCS) Committee considers a recommendation to the Provost. As of Wednesday evening, the committee had not made a recommendation. Emma Tsurkov J.S.M. 15, a Ph.D. candidate in sociology, informed the council of several problems with the previous Campus Climate Survey administered in 2015, as discussed last night in an Associated Students of Stanford University (ASSU) meeting. According to Tsurkov, the survey failed to collect data on individuals inability to consent due to incapacitation from drugs or alcohol and failed to differentiate between "sexual misconduct" and "sexual assault.". Cook also observed that trust is a big issue for student ...
For the past 103 days - ever since junior doctors decided not to report for work citing incapacitation - patients have been hard-pressed to find convenient alternative institutions where they could find care.
Perfusion CT is a technology which allows functional evaluation of tissue vascularity. Due to this potential, it is finding increasing utility in oncology. Although since its introduction continuous advances have interested CT technique, some issues have to be still defined, concerning both clinical and technical aspects. In this study, we dealt with the comparison of two widely employed mathematical models (dual input one compartment model - DOCM - and maximum slope - SM -) analyzing their robustness to the noise. We carried out a computer simulation process to quantify effect of noise on the evaluation of an important perfusion parameter (Arterial Blood Flow - BFa) in liver tumours. A total of 4500 liver TAC, corresponding to 3 fixed BFa values, were simulated using different arterial and portal TAC (computed from 5 real CT images) at 10 values of signal to noise ratio (SNR). BFa values were calculated by applying four different algorithms, specifically developed, to these noisy simulated curves.
An MRI-guided breast biopsy uses magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate breast tissue. Certain tissue characteristics that are not easily seen on ultrasound or mammography can be detected by MRI. The images are used to locate suspicious regions of breast tissue and visually assist in taking samples. Since MRI uses magnetic fields to obtain images, there is no radiation exposure.. ...
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Magnetic resonance imaging is an imaging methodology based on aligning the spin axis of nuclei within molecules of the object being visualized using both powerful superconducting magnets and radio frequency signals and detectors. Cardiology uses are growing, especially since MRI differentiates soft tissues better than CT and allows for comprehensive exams including the quantitative assessment of size, morphology, function, and tissue characteristics in one single session. Current implementations for Cardiology uses are sometimes limited by lengthy protocols, claustrophobia and contraindications based on some complex metallic implants (pacemakers, defibrillators, insulin pumps), while artificial valves and coronary stents are generally not problematic. Image quality can be reduced by the continuous movement of heart structures. There is a promising future in cardiac MRI by more efficient scans, increasing availability of scanners and more widespread knowledge about its clinical application. ...
Introduction: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) ranks 4th on the list of cancer-related deaths which is mostly due to therapy resistance. The tumor microenvironment is one of the main hallmarks to contribute to therapy resistance in which tumors are characterized by large amounts of stroma deposition, and hypovascularization. In this study we assess the use of non-invasive functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for characterization of these tumor microenvironment characteristics and its prognostic and predictive role. Diffusion weighted (DWI) MRI and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE)-MRI provide insight in stromal content and tumor vascularization. Subsequent correlation of imaging with immunohistochemical (IHC) stainings can validate the biological basis of these imaging modalities. Here, we propose a method to correlate functional MRI to corresponding histology derived tissue characteristics.. Methods: Patients suffering from (borderline) resectable PDAC underwent DWI and DCE-MRI on a ...
Peters research is motivated by the desire to generate new imaging methods to improve current diagnostic methods for cardiovascular disease, and improve effectiveness of therapies. She focuses on magnetic resonance imaging. Her group has developed technology for electrophysiologists who treat patients with electrical abnormalities in the heart. These MRI methods allow electrophysiologists to see tissue characteristics responsible for electrical changes. They have also developed new methods for rapid imaging, using underesampled radial MR acquisition strategies. Mosty important, is to develop MRI methods in close collaboration with cardiologists and radiologists to detect early disease and monitor therapy ...
Imaging cellular activities in an entire intact whole organ with light is a grand challenge in optical microscopy. To date, most passive clearing techniques were shown to transform brain, neuronal and embryo tissue into near transparent state for deep tissue imaging. Here, we expand these passive clearing protocol from neuronal tissue (brain and spinal cord) to other visceral organs such as liver and colon and further evaluate their ?depth-clearing performance? based on image contrast of endogenous fluorescence structures. We found that the SeeDB achieve highest depth in brain, 3DISCO is adept at clearing liver and spinal cord and ScaleViewA2 in colon. Overall, 3DISCO clears more rapidly than other agents at a higher cost, while ScaleViewA2 is the most economical but clears at a slower rate. This study, for the first time, provide a direct evaluation of imaging depth, cost and time amongst passive tissue clearing protocols for different intact organs. ...
The erector spinae is the main stabilizer muscle in the back. Made up of 3 muscles including the spinalis, longissimus and ... Chest muscles[edit]. The push up requires the work of many muscle groups, with one of the primary muscle groups being the chest ... "What Muscles Do Push-Ups Work?". MDhealth.com.. *^ Matthew Schirm. "Which Muscles Does a Push-Up Work?". Live Well - Jillian ... Stabilizers: back body[edit]. The push-up depends on stabilizer muscles as you push and lower the body. ...
Progressive muscle relaxation[edit]. Ideally done in a sitting position, this relaxation technique for certain muscle groups ... chest, stomach, and lower back; and. *head, face, throat, and shoulders [5] ... Pull in stomach muscles towards the spine, hold briefly before releasing. Feel the difference. ...
Deep muscles of the back. (Rect. post. major visible at upper left.) ... This muscle article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. *v ... The rectus capitis posterior major (or rectus capitis posticus major, both being Latin for larger posterior straight muscle of ... As the muscles of the two sides pass upward and lateralward, they leave between them a triangular space, in which the rectus ...
Adductor longus muscle. Insertion. Medial ridge of linea aspera Adductor brevis muscle. Insertion. Medial ridge of linea aspera ... The two trochanters are joined by the intertrochanteric crest on the back side and by the intertrochanteric line on the front.[ ... Popliteus muscle. Origin. Under the lateral epicondyle Articularis genu muscle. Origin. Lower 1/4 of anterior femur deep to ... Obturator internus muscle. Insertion. Medial surface of greater trochanter Gemellus inferior muscle. Insertion. Lower edge of ...
Shoulders: Well muscled. Shoulder blades are laid back. They should meet the upper arms at an angle of 105-110 degrees. ... This habit is adopted and may be traced back to early boar hunting. Taiwanese aborigines used 5-6 Formosan dogs to circle a ... When they are startled or trying to intimidate their target, they will hop sideways back and forth. Unlike Rottweilers and ... Hindquarters: Hindlegs should be slender, with good bone, well muscled and parallel to each other. The rear angulation should ...
Muscles used[edit]. Extension, adduction, and transverse abduction of the shoulder *Latissimus dorsi ... The hips swing first forward and then back as the legs swing forward. Finally, the legs swing downward again, pushing the torso ... Muscle-up A pull-up with a maximal range of motion, transitioning to a dip. Generally the initial pull-up uses an overhand grip ... Most consecutive muscle ups: 25 by Jarryd Rubinstein (Australia) 2010.[27]. *Most Consecutive One-Armed pull-up is 22 by Rob ...
... forearm well muscled; long, broad, straight level back; well sprung ribs; thick, wide and long loins well covered with firm ... In the 1950s, some Shropshire breeders began going back to the original traits that made the breed so popular. They imported ... A full heart girth, strong and straight back with adequate body capacity. ...
Keep the back of upper arms tightly attached to the preacher bench with a barbell hold by both hands. Flex the elbows until ... This muscle's primary function is elbow flexion and forearm supination. The biceps also has two heads known as the long head ... Keep the back of upper arms tightly attached to the preacher bench with a dumbbell in each hand. Flex the elbows until they are ... Cable curl: Hold the bar that is attached to a pulley at the lowest level in a standing position, step a foot back from the ...
... chest and back (scoliosis); muscle deformities (contractures of heels, legs; pseudohypertrophy of calf muscles) ... Muscle weakness (rapidly progressive); frequent falls; difficulty with motor skills (running, hopping, jumping); progressive ... Affects skeletal and smooth muscle as well as the eye, heart, endocrine system, and central nervous system; clinical findings, ... and other fast-acting muscle relaxants.[20] Mutations in the BCHE gene lead to deficiency in the amount or function of the ...
The skin is detached from the abdominal wall to reveal the muscles and fascia to be tightened. The muscle fascia wall is ... The flap is stitched back into place. An extended abdominoplasty is a complete abdominoplasty plus a lateral thigh lift. The ... floating above the muscles during this process. The muscles are tightened and reshaped from sternum to pubic area. The skin is ... The skin and fat of the lower abdomen are detached in a more limited fashion from the muscle fascia. The skin is stretched down ...
Extensor hallucis longus muscle. Origin. Medial side of fibula Extensor digitorum longus muscle. Origin. Proximal part of the ... The word fibula can be dated back to c. 1670 to describe a clasp or brooch - see fibula (brooch) - and was first used in ... Flexor hallucis longus muscle. Origin. Posterior side of fibula Clinical significance[edit]. Fractures[edit]. The most common ... Its upper extremity is small, placed toward the back of the head of the tibia, below the level of the knee joint, and excluded ...
Increased skin on back of neck 80%[20] Short neck 60%[24] ... poor muscle tone, a flat nasal bridge, a single crease of the ...
This then splits to give the myotomes which will form the muscles and dermatomes which will form the skin of the back. ... these grooves lodge the deep muscles of the back. Lateral to the spinous processes are the articular processes, and still more ... There are ligaments extending the length of the column at the front and the back, and in between the vertebrae joining the ... In the thoracic region, the sides of the bodies of the vertebrae are marked in the back by the facets for articulation with the ...
Back: Straight, broad and well-muscled.. *Loins: Medium length, broad, well-muscled. Pronounced above the upper line. ... Over the neck, withers, croup, at the back of legs, and on the tail the hair is long and rough. The topcoat is straight and ... In movement or when the dog is alert, it is carried over the back in sabre form or curled. ... Tightly joined to the body, well-muscled. Angle between shoulder blade and shoulder bone is approximately 105°. ...
Chest, neck, back, abdominal muscles, and buttocks may be affected. Back muscle spasms often cause arching, called opisthotonos ... Tetanus affects skeletal muscle, a type of striated muscle used in voluntary movement. The other type of striated muscle, ... Drugs such as diazepam or other muscle relaxants can be given to control the muscle spasms. In extreme cases it may be ... Cephalic tetanus is the rarest form of the disease (0.9-3% of cases)[15] and is limited to muscles and nerves in the head.[16] ...
The chest is broad and heavy-set with thick muscles; the back is slightly dipped; the shoulders should be well-sloped and the ...
Tones the leg muscles. Increases flexibility of back and legs. Contracts the abdominal organs. Prepares practitioner to do the ... Shiva absorbs Virabhadra back into his own form and then transforms into Hare, the ravisher. Filled with sorrow and compassion ... This creates an axial extension in the spine which assists in supporting in the torso as the chest is brought up and back. ... ISBN 978-0-7360-6278-7. Long, Ray; Macivor, Chris (2009). Scientific Keys: The Key Muscles of Yoga Volume 1. Bandha Yoga. ISBN ...
Crazy Coynes R back! Armstrong flexing his muscles?? http://www.europeandriftchampionship.eu/08%20downloads/Tanaka%20PL.pdf ...
The left and right spenius in the back of the neck. The longus colli in the back of the neck. The scalenes in the back. The ... The erector spinae muscles consisting of the longissimus, iliocastalis and Spinalis. The iliocastalis cervicis. Rotation of the ... Aaberg, Everett (2006). Muscle Mechanics 2nd Edition. Leeds: Human Kinetics. p. 219. ISBN 0736061819. Retrieved 2012-12-10. ... If ujjayi breath technique is employed all the following muscles can be recruited for spinal twisting motion. Throughout the ...
The multifidi are intersegmental muscles. Dysfunction in the core muscles has been implicated in back pain.[7][8] ... Core muscles[edit]. The core muscles play a role in maintaining stability. The core muscles are deep muscle layers that lie ... An analogy would be a ball that volleys back and forth between two players without touching the ground. The muscle exertion ... Electromyography has detected slight activity in the muscles of the calves, hips and lower back.[6] ...
... front shoulders and back, the day after that the chest. In this way all mentioned muscle groups are allowed the necessary ... Muscle tonus is dependent on neurological input into the muscle. In medicine, observations of changes in muscle tonus can be ... "muscle tone" refers to the continuous and passive partial contraction of the muscles, or the muscles' resistance to passive ... The core muscles of the torso are trained before the shoulder and arm muscles that assist them. Exercises often alternate ...
Muscles that border the suboccipital triangle. Animation. Close up. Deep muscles of the back. Triangle is labeled in turquoise ... The suboccipital triangle is a region of the neck bounded by the following three muscles of the suboccipital group of muscles: ... "Muscles of the Back - Suboccipital Triangle" Description at myqth.com. ... The actions of trapezius, sternocleidomastoid and other larger muscles that move the head are refined by the relatively small ...
The primary muscle involved in this exercise is the rectus abdominis. Shuttle runs This is running back and forth between two ... The final movement is to lower the back to the floor with a smooth movement. This trains the abdominal muscles. Crunches Like ... This primarily trains the lats or upper back muscles, as well as the forearms. An underhand grip variation or chin-up trains ... Burpees A full body calisthenics workout that works abdominal muscles, chest, arms, legs, and some parts of the back. Sprinting ...
Muscle & Fitness. Retrieved 2007-10-04. Jeff O'Connell (2004). "Spice Girl Back-to-back Fitness International winner Susie ... "Spice Girl Back-to-back Fitness International winner Susie Curry adds flavor to her lat training". Muscle & Fitness. Retrieved ... Jeff O'Connell (2004). "Spice Girl Back-to-back Fitness International winner Susie Curry adds flavor to her lat training". ... Curry has a rose tattoo in her lower abdomen, in the October 1999 edition of Muscle and Fitness magazine, she explained that in ...
"CT Fletcher is Bringing Back the Strict Curl (Bicep Workout Included)". Muscle & Strength. 2016-11-04. Retrieved 2017-10-30. " ... Muscle & Fitness. Retrieved 2017-10-30. "CT Fletcher - Age , Height , Weight , Images , Bio". Greatest Physiques. 2017-03-20. ...
Due to his illness the family moved back to Norwich, New York to the farm of Ruth's maternal grandparents, the Shattucks.[4] A ... just so many little bones and muscles-so we can only have come from one set of ancestors no matter what our color, the shape of ...

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