Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Low Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Back Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.Failed Back Surgery Syndrome: A condition of persistent pain and discomfort in the BACK and the LEG following lumbar surgery, often seen in patients enrolled in pain centers.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Lumbosacral Region: Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.Lifting: Moving or bringing something from a lower level to a higher one. The concept encompasses biomechanic stresses resulting from work done in transferring objects from one plane to another as well as the effects of varying techniques of patient handling and transfer.Chronic Pain: Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Neck Pain: Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Chiropractic: An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890's based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Spinal DiseasesManipulation, Spinal: Adjustment and manipulation of the vertebral column.Human Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Sacroiliac Joint: The immovable joint formed by the lateral surfaces of the SACRUM and ILIUM.Back Muscles: Musculature of the BACK.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Sick Leave: An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: Degenerative changes in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISC due to aging or structural damage, especially to the vertebral end-plates.Zygapophyseal Joint: The joint that occurs between facets of the interior and superior articular processes of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Manipulation, Chiropractic: Procedures used by chiropractors to treat neuromusculoskeletal complaints.Acute Pain: Intensely discomforting, distressful, or agonizing sensation associated with trauma or disease, with well-defined location, character, and timing.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Radiculopathy: Disease involving a spinal nerve root (see SPINAL NERVE ROOTS) which may result from compression related to INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; SPINAL CORD INJURIES; SPINAL DISEASES; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include radicular pain, weakness, and sensory loss referable to structures innervated by the involved nerve root.Absenteeism: Chronic absence from work or other duty.Diskectomy: Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Spinal Fusion: Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)Osteoarthritis, Spine: A degenerative joint disease involving the SPINE. It is characterized by progressive deterioration of the spinal articular cartilage (CARTILAGE, ARTICULAR), usually with hardening of the subchondral bone and outgrowth of bone spurs (OSTEOPHYTE).Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Thoracic Vertebrae: A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.Acupuncture: The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.Manipulation, Orthopedic: The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)Sacrum: Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Manipulation, Osteopathic: Musculoskeletal manipulation based on the principles of OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE developed in 1874 by Dr Andrew Taylor Still.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Torso: The central part of the body to which the neck and limbs are attached.Spondylolisthesis: Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Discitis: Inflammation of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC or disk space which may lead to disk erosion. Until recently, discitis has been defined as a nonbacterial inflammation and has been attributed to aseptic processes (e.g., chemical reaction to an injected substance). However, recent studies provide evidence that infection may be the initial cause, but perhaps not the promoter, of most cases of discitis. Discitis has been diagnosed in patients following discography, myelography, lumbar puncture, paravertebral injection, and obstetrical epidural anesthesia. Discitis following chemonucleolysis (especially with chymopapain) is attributed to chemical reaction by some and to introduction of microorganisms by others.Acupuncture Therapy: Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Massage: The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.Laminectomy: A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Spinal Injuries: Injuries involving the vertebral column.Musculoskeletal Manipulations: Various manipulations of body tissues, muscles and bones by hands or equipment to improve health and circulation, relieve fatigue, promote healing.Spondylolysis: Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Spinal Curvatures: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by abnormal bending or flexure in the vertebral column. They may be bending forward (KYPHOSIS), backward (LORDOSIS), or sideway (SCOLIOSIS).Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Musculoskeletal Pain: Discomfort stemming from muscles, LIGAMENTS, tendons, and bones.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Shoulder Pain: Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Spinal Fractures: Broken bones in the vertebral column.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Workload: The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.Traction: The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Work Capacity Evaluation: Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.Abdominal Muscles: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Work: Productive or purposeful activities.Spondylarthritis: Inflammation of the joints of the SPINE, the intervertebral articulations.Cumulative Trauma Disorders: Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.Word Processing: Text editing and storage functions using computer software.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Physical Therapists: Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.Decompression, Surgical: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Pain, Referred: A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Clinical Protocols: Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Physical Therapy Specialty: The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.Spinal Nerve Roots: Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Fluoroscopy: Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Psychophysiology: The study of the physiological basis of human and animal behavior.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Spinal Canal: The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Return to Work: Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.Musculoskeletal System: The MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Vibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Spinal NeoplasmsBraces: Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Nurses' Aides: Allied health personnel who assist the professional nurse in routine duties.Spondylosis: A degenerative spinal disease that can involve any part of the VERTEBRA, the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK, and the surrounding soft tissue.Nursing: The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation: The use of specifically placed small electrodes to deliver electrical impulses across the SKIN to relieve PAIN. It is used less frequently to produce ANESTHESIA.Pelvic Pain: Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)Bed Rest: Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic or experimental reasons.Epidural Abscess: Circumscribed collections of suppurative material occurring in the spinal or intracranial EPIDURAL SPACE. The majority of epidural abscesses occur in the spinal canal and are associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a vertebral body; ANALGESIA, EPIDURAL; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include local and radicular pain, weakness, sensory loss, URINARY INCONTINENCE, and FECAL INCONTINENCE. Cranial epidural abscesses are usually associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a cranial bone, SINUSITIS, or OTITIS MEDIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p710 and pp1240-1; J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Aug;65(2):209-12)Intermediate Back Muscles: Two muscles, the serratus posterior superior and serratus posterior inferior, located in between the deep and the superficial back muscle layers. Their function is to control THORAX movement.Pain Clinics: Facilities providing diagnostic, therapeutic, and palliative services for patients with severe chronic pain. These may be free-standing clinics or hospital-based and serve ambulatory or inpatient populations. The approach is usually multidisciplinary. These clinics are often referred to as "acute pain services". (From Br Med Bull 1991 Jul;47(3):762-85)Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Spondylitis: Inflammation of the SPINE. This includes both arthritic and non-arthritic conditions.Diskectomy, Percutaneous: Percutaneous excision of a herniated or displaced INTERVERTEBRAL DISC by posterolateral approach, always remaining outside the spinal canal. Percutaneous nucleotomy was first described by Hijikata in Japan in 1975. In 1985 Onik introduced automated percutaneous nucleotomy which consists in percutaneous aspiration of the nucleus pulposus. It is carried out under local anesthesia, thus reducing the surgical insult and requiring brief hospitalization, often performed on an outpatient basis. It appears to be a well-tolerated alternative to surgical diskectomy and chymopapain nucleolysis.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Paraspinal Muscles: Deep muscles in the BACK whose function is to extend and rotate the SPINE and maintain POSTURE. It consists splenius, semispinalis, multifidus, rotatores, interspinales, intertransversarii and sacrospinalis.Illness Behavior: Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Palpation: Application of fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body to determine consistence of parts beneath in physical diagnosis; includes palpation for determining the outlines of organs.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Psychology: The science dealing with the study of mental processes and behavior in man and animals.Pain, Intractable: Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.Exercise Movement Techniques: Methods or programs of physical activities which can be used to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Acupuncture Analgesia: Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.Nerve Block: Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Spondylitis, Ankylosing: A chronic inflammatory condition affecting the axial joints, such as the SACROILIAC JOINT and other intervertebral or costovertebral joints. It occurs predominantly in young males and is characterized by pain and stiffness of joints (ANKYLOSIS) with inflammation at tendon insertions.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Catastrophization: Cognitive and emotional processes encompassing magnification of pain-related stimuli, feelings of helplessness, and a generally pessimistic orientation.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Rehabilitation, Vocational: Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Acupuncture Points: Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Anesthesia, Epidural: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.Complementary Therapies: Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Injections, Spinal: Introduction of therapeutic agents into the spinal region using a needle and syringe.Steroids: A group of polycyclic compounds closely related biochemically to TERPENES. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons. Steroids have a common nucleus, a fused, reduced 17-carbon atom ring system, cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene. Most steroids also have two methyl groups and an aliphatic side-chain attached to the nucleus. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Moving and Lifting Patients: Moving or repositioning patients within their beds, from bed to bed, bed to chair, or otherwise from one posture or surface to another.Episode of Care: An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Kyphosis: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.AxisYoga: A major orthodox system of Hindu philosophy based on Sankhya (metaphysical dualism) but differing from it in being theistic and characterized by the teaching of raja-yoga as a practical method of liberating the self. It includes a system of exercises for attaining bodily or mental control and well-being with liberation of the self and union with the universal spirit. (From Webster, 3d ed)DenmarkMutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.United StatesHealth Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Sacrococcygeal Region: The body region between (and flanking) the SACRUM and COCCYX.Translations: Products resulting from the conversion of one language to another.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Automobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)Tissue Adhesions: Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Radiography: Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Athletic Tape: Adhesive tape with the mechanical strength to resist stretching. It is applied to the skin to support, stabilize, and restrict movement to aid healing and/or prevent injuries of MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Integrative Medicine: The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.Myofascial Pain Syndromes: Muscular pain in numerous body regions that can be reproduced by pressure on TRIGGER POINTS, localized hardenings in skeletal muscle tissue. Pain is referred to a location distant from the trigger points. A prime example is the TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.Interior Design and Furnishings: The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.GermanyGreat BritainComorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.JapanPredictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Bankruptcy: The state of legal insolvency with assets taken over by judicial process so that they may be distributed among creditors.

Chronic radiodermatitis following cardiac catheterisation: a report of two cases and a brief review of the literature. (1/230)

Cardiac angiography produces one of the highest radiation exposures of any commonly used diagnostic x ray procedure. Recently, serious radiation induced skin injuries have been reported after repeated therapeutic interventional procedures using prolonged fluoroscopic imaging. Two male patients, aged 62 and 71 years, in whom chronic radiodermatitis developed one to two years after two consecutive cardiac catheterisation procedures are reported. Both patients had undergone lengthy procedures using prolonged fluoroscopic guidance in a limited number of projections. The resulting skin lesions were preceded, in one case, by an acute erythema and took the form of a delayed pigmented telangiectatic, indurated, or ulcerated plaque in the upper back or below the axilla whose site corresponded to the location of the x ray tube during cardiac catheterisation. Cutaneous side effects of radiation exposure result from direct damage to the irradiated tissue and have known thresholds. The diagnosis of radiation induced skin injury relies essentially on clinical and histopathological findings, location of skin lesions, and careful medical history. Interventional cardiologists should be aware of this complication, because chronic radiodermatitis may result in painful and resistant ulceration and eventually in squamous cell carcinoma.  (+info)

Can nuchal cord cause transient increased nuchal translucency thickness? (2/230)

When detected in a first trimester scan, an increased thickness of nuchal translucency (NT) may be associated with chromosomal, cardiac or genetic disorders. However, less attention has been devoted to the outcome of those fetuses who have confirmed normal anatomies and karyotyping, but have abnormal first trimester scans. Thus, a challenging new issue is how to counsel such cases of transient increased NT in which the translucency rapidly vanishes with no evidence of other underlying abnormalities. Two cases of transient increased thickness of NT are reported. In both, a nuchal cord was ultrasonographically demonstrated and a thorough work-up revealed chromosomally and anatomically normal fetuses. The pathophysiological theories behind these observations and their significance are discussed. Based on these observations, we suggest that transvaginal sonography combined with Doppler flow studies should be utilized for the presize detection of cord patterns to accomplish the work-up in cases of increased NT.  (+info)

Evaluation of an intervention to reduce sun exposure in children: design and baseline results. (3/230)

The Kidskin Study is a 5-year intervention study (1995-1999) involving 1,776 5- and 6-year-old children attending 33 primary schools in Perth, Western Australia. The aim of the study is to design, implement, and evaluate an intervention to reduce sun exposure in young children. There are three study groups: a control group, a "moderate intervention" group, and a "high intervention" group. The control schools receive the standard Western Australian health education curriculum, while the moderate and high intervention schools receive a specially designed curricular intervention. In addition, children in the high intervention group receive program materials over the summer holidays, when exposure is likely to be highest, and are offered sun-protective swimwear at low cost. The main outcome measure is the number of nevi on the back. Other outcomes include nevi on the chest (boys only), face, and arms, levels of suntanning, degree of freckling, and sun-related behaviors. At baseline, the three groups were similar with respect to nevi and freckling after adjustment for observer and month of observation. Sun exposure was slightly higher in the high intervention group. The groups were also similar with respect to most potential confounders, although they differed with respect to Southern European ethnicity and parental education.  (+info)

A study of motoneuron groups and motor columns of the human spinal cord. (4/230)

Eight normal human spinal cords were studied for motoneuron (Mn) groups and columns. Spinal segments (C1 to Coc.) were identified and embedded in paraffin wax. Serial cross sections were cut at 25 microm and stained by cresyl violet. Cross-sectional profiles of the spinal cord were traced for each segmental level and the outlines of the various Mn groups superimposed. These charts (maps) were used to examine intra and intersegmental changes in the relative positions of the columns. An attempt was made to provide topographical picture of Mn groups of individual segments. In the cervical region neuronal groups were more numerous but smaller and less distinct, while in the lumbosacral region they were fewer, larger and at many levels better circumscribed. The average number of Mn groups at any segmental level was 3-4 and never exceeded 5. C4, C5, C6, C7, L4, L5 and S1 contained numerous Mn groups. Maximum intrasegmental changes were noted at C3, C4, C7, T1, and S2, while at C5, C6, all thoracic, L1 L2 and L3, the pattern was constant throughout the segment. Eleven motor columns were traced in the human spinal cord. Column 1 belonged to the medial division and columns 2-11 to the lateral division of the ventral grey horn. Columns 1 and 2 were the most extensive as they were traceable from the lower medulla to S3 segment. Columns 3-8 were confined to cervical segments (including T1), while columns 9-11 were traced in lumbosacral segments. In general, motor columns followed a definite mode for their appearance and disappearance. Many of them showed rotation from a dorsal to a ventromedial direction.  (+info)

The unilateral and bilateral control of motor unit pairs in the first dorsal interosseous and paraspinal muscles in man. (5/230)

1. The discharges of two motor units were identified in an intrinsic hand muscle (first dorsal interosseous, FDI) or an axial muscle (lumbar paraspinals, PSP) in ten healthy subjects. Each motor unit was situated in the homologous muscle on either side of the body (bilateral condition) or in the same muscle (ipsilateral condition). The relationship between the times of discharge of the two units was determined using coherence analysis. 2. Motor unit pairs in the ipsilateral FDI showed significant coherence over the frequency bands 1-10 Hz and 12-40 Hz. Motor units in the ipsilateral PSP were significantly coherent below 5 Hz. In contrast there was no significant coherence at any frequency up to 100 Hz in the bilateral FDI condition and only a small but significant band of coherence below 2 Hz in the bilateral PSP condition. 3. Common drive to motor units at frequencies of < 4 Hz was assessed by cross-correlation of the instantaneous frequencies of the motor units. A significantly higher coefficient was found in the ipsilateral FDI, ipsi- and bilateral PSP compared with shifted, unrelated data sets. This was not the case for the bilateral FDI condition. 4. The presence of higher frequency coherence ( > 10 Hz) in the ipsilateral FDI condition and its absence in ipsilateral PSP is consistent with a more direct and influential cortical supply to the intrinsic hand muscles compared with the axial musculature. The presence of low frequency drives (< 4 Hz) in the bilateral PSP condition and its absence in the bilateral FDI condition is consistent with a bilateral drive to axial, but not distal, musculature by the motor pathways responsible for this oscillatory input.  (+info)

Investigation of trunk and extremity movement associated with passive head turning in newborns. (6/230)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical therapist examination of pediatric clients or clients with neurological conditions often includes the observation of stereotypical movement patterns such as the asymmetrical tonic neck reflex and righting reactions. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether extremity and trunk responses to passive head turning could be documented in newborn infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-two newborns with no known medical problems were videotaped within 5 days of birth while an investigator turned their heads left and right. Videotapes were stopped at 5-second intervals to record the direction of head turn with the rest of the body obscured. A second investigator recorded trunk and extremity position with the head obscured. RESULTS: The direction of head turning affected upper- and lower-extremity position, with extension stronger on the face side. The direction of trunk convexity was also affected by head position, with the trunk convex to the side to which the face was turned. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: Extremity responses and trunk responses to passive head turning can be documented corresponding to patterns reported for the asymmetrical tonic neck reflex and righting reflexes in neonates with no known medical problems more frequently than would occur by chance.  (+info)

Genome-wide scan for body composition in pigs reveals important role of imprinting. (7/230)

The role of imprinting in body composition was investigated in an experimental cross between Chinese Meishan pigs and commercial Dutch pigs. A whole-genome scan revealed significant evidence for five quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting body composition, of which four were imprinted. Imprinting was tested with a statistical model that separated the expression of paternally and maternally inherited alleles. For back fat thickness, a paternally expressed QTL was found on Sus scrofa chromosome 2 (SSC2), and a Mendelian-expressed QTL was found on SSC7. In the same region of SSC7, a maternally expressed QTL affecting muscle depth was found. Chromosome 6 harbored a maternally expressed QTL on the short arm and a paternally expressed QTL on the long arm, both affecting intramuscular fat content. The individual QTL explained from 2% up to 10% of the phenotypic variance. The known homologies to human and mouse did not reveal positional candidate genes. This study demonstrates that testing for imprinting should become a standard procedure to unravel the genetic control of multifactorial traits.  (+info)

Spinal cord stimulation for treatment of failed back surgery syndrome--two case reports. (8/230)

Severe, persistent back pain following back surgery is often referred to as Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS). Conservative measures such as physiotherapy, back strengthening exercises, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and epidural steroids may be inadequate to alleviate pain. Spinal Cord Stimulators were implanted into two patients suffering from FBSS. Both patients responded successfully to spinal cord stimulation with reduction of pain and disability.  (+info)

Back Muscle Back muscle the 6 best back exercises for you. Back muscle best 25 lower back muscles anatomy ideas on pinterest lower ideas. Back muscle best 25 muscles of back ideas on pinterest the muscle muscles. Back Muscle Back muscle back workouts 100 free back workout routines muscle strength. Back muscle best 25 back muscles ideas on pinterest tone back exercises free. Back muscle mendmeshop pulled muscle in back ideas. Back Muscle ...
The erector spinae group forms the majority of the muscle mass of the back and it is the primary extensor of the vertebral column. It controls flexion, lateral flexion, and rotation of the vertebral column, and maintains the lumbar curve. The erector spinae comprises the iliocostalis (laterally placed) group, the longissimus (intermediately placed) group, and the spinalis (medially placed) group.. The iliocostalis group includes the iliocostalis cervicis, associated with the cervical region; the iliocostalis thoracis, associated with the thoracic region; and the iliocostalis lumborum, associated with the lumbar region. The three muscles of the longissimus group are the longissimus capitis, associated with the head region; the longissimus cervicis, associated with the cervical region; and the longissimus thoracis, associated with the thoracic region. The third group, the spinalis group, comprises the spinalis capitis (head region), the spinalis cervicis (cervical region), and the spinalis ...
Iliocostal muscle --, iliocostalis muscle (Science: anatomy) The lateral division of the erector spinae, having three subdivisions: iliocostalis lumborum musculus, iliocostalis thoracis musculus, and iliocostalis cervicis musculus. ...
Iliocostalis muscle: Iliocostalis muscle,, any of the deep muscles of the back that, as part of the erector spinae (sacrospinalis) muscle group, aid in extension (bending backward), lateral
Definition of Erector spinae muscles with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
back support pillow for bed reading, twill bed rest navy pillow back support arm stable tv, 404 squidoo page not found, shredded foam reading pillow soft plush back support tv, bed lounge back support pillow for tv and reading, wedge bed rest back support comfort reading pillow home
Minimally invasive spinal surgical techniques and tools are provided. The methods include separating the iliocostalis lumborum muscle from the anterior leaf of the thoracolumbar fascia to create a channel from the patients skin to the intertransverse interval. In one embodiment, the method also includes delivering graft material through the channel to the intertransverse interval. A device according to one aspect of the present invention includes a retraction portion having a flattened plate configured to atraumatically retract tissue to create a working space within an endosurgical site and a curved shaft attached to the retraction portion. The shaft includes a bend having a radius of preferably 160 degrees. A gripping portion is attached to the shaft and is configured for manually gripping and manipulating the device.
Foam Back Support, Wholesale Various High Quality Foam Back Support Products from Global Foam Back Support Suppliers and Foam Back Support Factory,Importer,Exporter at Alibaba.com.
Strained back muscles are a result of over-stretched or torn muscles. Often, people also confuse ligament strains, which are caused by over-stretched or torn ligaments, as strained back muscles. Both back muscles and ligaments, however, can be stretched the same way. Effective back stretches can alleviate the ...
Muscles On Back Of Head Axial Muscles Of The Head Neck And Back Openstax Cnx photo, Muscles On Back Of Head Axial Muscles Of The Head Neck And Back Openstax Cnx image, Muscles On Back Of Head Axial Muscles Of The Head Neck And Back Openstax Cnx gallery
Trunk Movements: Deep Back Muscles The prime mover of back extension is the erector spinae Erector spinae, or sacrospinalis, muscles consist of three columns on each side of the vertebrae - iliocostalis, longissimus, and spinalis Lateral bending of the back is accomplished by unilateral contraction of these muscles Other deep back extensors include the semispinalis muscles and the quadratus lumborum
But the greatest pleasure was spending almost two days traveling with Ted Sorensen, the late speechwriter, counselor and personal adviser to President Kennedy. Kennedy called Sorensen his "intellectual blood bank" and Robert Kennedy remarked, "If it was difficult, Ted Sorensen was brought in.". Sorensen was an iconic figure, a man whose intellect and import are embedded in so many words and images that form our collective consciousness of the period.. By the time our paths crossed in 2007, Sorensen was more than four decades removed from his service in the White House. He was frail, unable to walk without assistance and with limited eyesight. But his mind was undiminished and his first-person accounts of history were as humble as they were riveting.. During our travels, I recall Sorensen saying he always advised a potential presidential candidate to "consult his doctor, his banker and his wife" before deciding to pursue the office.. The simplicity of the line struck me. And the more I unpacked ...
A leg stabilization apparatus for a trunk extension/flexion test, rehabilitation and exercise machine wherein a person secured to an input assembly of the machine engages in trunk extension/flexion motion. The apparatus comprises a popliteal pad assembly, a thigh-knee pad assembly and a tibia pad assembly. The popliteal pad assembly has two popliteal pads which bear against the back of the persons knees. The height of the popliteal pad assembly is adjustable. The thigh-knee pad assembly has two thigh pads which bear against the persons thighs and two knee pads which bear against the inside of the legs at the knees. The tibia pad assembly has two tibia pads which bear against the tibia. Both the thigh-knee pad assembly and the tibia pad assembly are secured to the popliteal pad assembly by use of telescoping tubes which are locked into receiving tubes in the popliteal pad assembly.
The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess lumbar multifidus, erector spinae, and quadratus lum-borum muscle activity during lifts as measured by changes in transverse relaxation time (T2) from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Thirteen healthy adults performed dynamic squat, stoop, and asymmetric stoop lifts at a standard load, with each lift followed by MRI. Increase in T2 for the multifidus and erector spinae was greater for the stoop than squat. No difference in T2 increase was noted between the multifidus and erector spinae for the squat or stoop. Increase in T2 for the contralateral multifidus was less for the asymmetric stoop than stoop. Future research using MRI and other biomechanical techniques is needed to fully characterize lumbar muscle activity during lifts for various populations, settings, postures, and loads. ...
3 best lumbar multifidus exercises - Best exercise for lower back (lumbar) pain relief? See below. The best exercises for low back are gentle core strengthening exercises. A great program for this can be found at www. Therehabzone. Com
memory foam back support cushion - Rehan (Shanghai) Health Care CO.,Ltd(16729870) provides quality memory foam back support cushion,Selling memory foam back support cushion products & providing good service.
Learn how to draw the upper back muscles by learning their form. This lesson covers the trapezius and rhomboid muscles. Part of the anatomy for artist series.
Upper back muscle pain relief - Side effects of taking cannabis oil: can hemp protein cause a false positive. Homeopathic remedies for muscle pain
Question - Having pain on upper back muscles. What should be done? . Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Ankylosing spondylitis, Ask an Orthopaedic Surgeon
Seated Cable Rows is an Excellent exercise to build middle back muscles. It can be done with wide and narrow grips. Check the execution technique and blast your back muscles.
... may be a sign of a pinched nerve or central spinal stenosis concern. Learn what causes strength deficits in the back muscles.
Upper Back Factory - Select 2018 high quality Upper Back Factory products in best price from certified Chinese Upper Leather manufacturers, Leather For Upper suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com
Personal Care Back Support Supplies - Shop for discount Back Support products including Strap For Back Huggar Back Cushions, Lumbar Seat Back Support Cushion, Sitback Mesh and more at Discount Medical Supplies.com
Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Madonna on back muscle is tender: Yes, tension throughout the neck and upper back are associated with tenderness.
In this research, Procrustes and Euclidean distance matrix analysis (EDMA) have been investigated for analysing the three-dimensional shape and form of the human back. Procrustes analysis is used to distinguish deformed backs from normal backs. EDMA is used to locate the changes occurring on the back surface due to spinal deformity (scoliosis, kyphosis and lordosis) for back deformity patients. A surface topography system, ISIS2 (Integrated Shape Imaging System 2), is available to measure the three-dimensional back surface. The system presents clinical parameters, which are based on distances and angles relative to certain anatomical landmarks on the back surface. Location, rotation and scale definitely influence these parameters. Although the anatomical landmarks are used in the present system to take some account of patient stance, it is still felt that variability in the clinical parameters is increased by the use of length and angle data. Patients also grow and so their back size, shape and ...
Stiffness felt throughout your back muscles comes from increased tension in your muscle tissue. The stiffness and back pain may occur in your upper back --...
Mannar group - Easy Back Rest, adjustable backrest for bed as one of the best bed backrest designs or back support for bed. Perfect Backrest for patients
Collection of Pillow Bed Chair | Adjustable Sofa Bed Chair Rest Neck Support Back Wedge, Halovie Adjustable Back Wedge Cushion Pillow 47 45 23 Sofa, Adjustable Sofa Bed Chair Rest Neck Support Back Wedge, Twill Bed Rest Navy Pillow Back Support Arm Stable Tv, V Shaped Back Support Pillow Pillows Bed Chair | Gadgetsis.com
In one embodiment, a brightness enhancement film comprises: a diffusing film comprising a front surface and a back surface, a coating on the front surface, and light redirecting structures disposed in the coating. The brightness enhancement film is capable of collimating light, and wherein, without the coating, the diffusing film would be capable of spread light passing through the back surface. In another embodiment, the brightness enhancement film comprises: a diffusing film comprising a front surface and a back surface, a coating on the front surface, and light redirecting structures disposed in the coating. The diffusing film has a stress retardation gradient of less than or equal to 50 nm/in, wherein an interval for calculation of the stress retardation gradient is less than 1 inch. The brightness enhancement film is capable of collimating light.
In one embodiment, a brightness enhancement film comprises: a diffusing film comprising a front surface and a back surface, a coating on the front surface, and light redirecting structures disposed in the coating. The brightness enhancement film is capable of collimating light, and wherein, without the coating, the diffusing film would be capable of spread light passing through the back surface. In another embodiment, the brightness enhancement film comprises: a diffusing film comprising a front surface and a back surface, a coating on the front surface, and light redirecting structures disposed in the coating. The diffusing film has a stress retardation gradient of less than or equal to 50 nm/in, wherein an interval for calculation of the stress retardation gradient is less than 1 inch. The brightness enhancement film is capable of collimating light.
An upper back strain involves tearing one or more muscles or tendons in the upper back, causing inflammation and pain. According to the National Institute...
Dura-Foam 9 Back Support With Duo-Adjust - Get the lowest price on Dura-Foam 9 Back Support With Duo-Adjust, online at AllegroMedical.com.
Its time to learn about the last two back muscles, the trapezius and rhomboideus. Knowing how both these muscles work will allow you to draw the upper back.
The article is about back muscle anatomy, the function, points of origin, and points of insertion, blood supply and innervation of all these muscles.
List of 142 causes for Back muscle pain and Grip Disorders and Leg pain, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Study Flashcards On Anatomy Back Muscles at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
Learn Back Muscles facts using a simple interactive process (flashcard, matching, or multiple choice). Finally a format that helps you memorize and understand. Browse or search in thousands of pages or create your own page using a simple wizard. No signup required!
Given the arrangement of the highly variable QL muscle fibers, it is not possible to recognize a precise pattern of orientation.. Generally, the QL muscle is located medially to the aponeurosis of the transverse abdominal muscle.. Function. The anatomy texts describe the quadratus lumborum muscle as an extensor of the lumbar spine, a stabilizer of the lumbar area, capable of tilting laterally and capable of acting as an inspiratory accessory muscle. A cadaver study has raised many doubts about the action of QL. During the extension, the QL exerts a force of 10Nm, compared to 100Nm and 150Nm of the erector spinae muscles and the multifidus.[2] It seems unlikely that it can extend the lumbar area on a sagittal plane with such a small force (10Nm).. The QL is positioned laterally, but despite its position during a lateral tilt of the trunk, it exerts only a force of 10Nm. QL participates with less than 10% of the force required for a coronal inclination.. The force exerted by the musculature of the ...
Collection of Back Support Pillows For Bed | Large Big Back Lumbar Support Cushion Waist Pillow Home, Memory Foam Pillow Bed Wedge System Comfort Sleep, Corduroy Bedrest Back Bed Rest Pillow Support Backrest, Wedge Cushion Pillow Bed Support Back Pain Relief Lumbar, Adjustable Backrest Back Rest Reclining Support Bed Wedge | Gadgetsis.com
Question - Rashes on back and stomach, itchy, spreading, feels tired, stomach hurting, eyes burn and itch. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Chicken pox, Ask a Dermatologist
Stock video footage mom stroking sons stomach lying on back on bed at home. 00:00:11 . From $110. Royalty free. Download now on Pond5 |||
Cellulite on back of thighs is a problem that affects as many as 70% of women, but there are quick and easy methods to get rid of cellulite.
Question - purple discolouration on back passage, sick after eating. Drinking - OY. Find the answer to this and other Cat questions on JustAnswer
Hi there, We hope you will join us this Wednesday, April 28th at the Applied Statistics workshop when we will be happy to have Daniel Sorensen from University of Aarhus. Details and an abstract are below. A light lunch will be served. Thanks! Modelling components of variation: is environmental variance of quantitative traits genetically controlled? Daniel Sorensen University of Aarhus April 28th, 2010, 12 noon K354 CGIS Knafel (1737 Cambridge St) Abstract: The classical model of quantitative genetics assumes that genotypes affect phenotypic values and means but that the variance of phenotype, given genotype (environmental variance) is the same for all genotypes. An extension (HET) postulates that both mean and variability differ between genotypes. Over recent years, statistical support for a genetic component at the level of the environmental variance has come from fitting the HET model to field or experimental data in various species. Since the skewness of the marginal distribution of the ...
I have been in a cooking slump lately. I am not sure why, but I needed some inspiration for some new recipes so I did some blog searching and found some great new food blogs that I have posted on the right under the link column. Check them out. They have great photos with all the recipes which make them even more appealing to try ...
... - Winter can be an exhilarating time, with holiday festivities at every turn and an invigorating chill
After hitting the bottom last August, Japans economy is en route to recovery from the tax-induced economic slump, says Hideo Hayakawa, former executive director of the Bank of Japan.
Roger Federer is officially in a slump. After losing to Guillermo Canas twice and Rafal Nadal in his previous three tournaments, Federer hit a new low with a loss to an Italian wild card.
Weyerhaeuser posted a fourth-quarter loss Friday as its wood products business was hurt by the slump in the U.S. housing market, though adjusted earnings still beat Wall Street expectations.
Threshold Pharmaceuticals Inc. reported positive early-stage data for its drug TH-302 as a treatment for brain cancer, but the companys stock continued to slump in Monday trading.
Your posture muscles are so important for a strong, healthy back. Here are great moves to help you work all the muscles of your upper back.
Usually dont forget to brush the interior surfaces of your tooth as properly as the outer surfaces that you can see. Just since you cant see the back surfaces, will not imply that they dont need to have brushing. Cavities can form in the back surfaces and you might not discover them right up until they get big adequate to truly feel with your tongue or turn out to be obvious in the font ...
Learn how to correctly do Underhand-grip Rear Lateral Raise to target Glutes, Hamstrings, Spinal Erectors, Upper Back, Delts with easy step-by-step expert video instruction. Find related exercises and variations along with expert tips
I have intermittent pain in my upper back (between the shoulder blades), above each hip, and where my bladder (I - Answered by a verified Health Professional
A strong upper back is vital to minimize shoulder joint and girdle injuries. Strengthening these areas can be done with proper balance of pushing and pulling. Here are workouts for you to follow.
If you think you may be suffering from a slipped disc in your upper back, find out more about the condition, and how Physio.co.uk can help you.
Here are 7 pretty advanced upper back bodyweight exercises (with pictures) that you can do at home without any special gym equipment. Check them out!
Question: What happens in the upper back during a neck retraction, I feel tension that Im curious to know what exactly is happening?...
Vetri-Disc is a back support nutritional supplement that effectively treats arthritis of the back and spine, slipped discs, and spondylosis in dogs....
Support your active life.This quality FUTURO Stabilizing Back Support is designed to help provide firm support to a stiff, strained or aching back. Use is...
Top 10 Best Bra Back Support Posture . We use Big Data and AI technology to filter millions of reviews from customer. This will help you choose best product and your shopping save time and money.
LordoLoc® Stabilizing support for relief of the lumbar spine. LordoLoc is suitable for use as a back support for the stabilization of the lumbar spine, for example in the event of chronic lumbar vertebral syndrome. The stabilizing orthosis with four 91/
This cushion provides all the comfort and quality of our standard Sitback Rest but is made for the larger-framed person who needs a wider back support.
8 x 10 in. negative is masked with black tape.; 8 x 10 in. photoprint has wide margins showing part of original documentation.; Formerly F414.; Handwritten on back of 6 x 9 1/2 in. photoprint: (Doc Condon shot him in 1878. 1. Hiram Johnson, 2. Johnnie Dewers, 3. W.B. Manring, 4. John Allen, 5. Henry Allen, 7. Bob Lott--buried in Valley Brook Cemetary with special marker erected by friends. 7. Howard Hill, 8. John Williams, 9. L.C. Whipple, 10. Wm McManus.; Hand-written on back of photoprint: Saloons and gambling houses.; Numbers written on original for identification are reproduced in photoprint.; Scraped off emulsion in right of original is reproduced in photoprint.; Title hand-written on back of 6 x 9 1/2 in. photoprint.; R7100009550 ...
8 x 10 in. negative is masked with black tape.; 8 x 10 in. photoprint has wide margins showing part of original documentation.; Formerly F414.; Handwritten on back of 6 x 9 1/2 in. photoprint: (Doc Condon shot him in 1878. 1. Hiram Johnson, 2. Johnnie Dewers, 3. W.B. Manring, 4. John Allen, 5. Henry Allen, 7. Bob Lott--buried in Valley Brook Cemetary with special marker erected by friends. 7. Howard Hill, 8. John Williams, 9. L.C. Whipple, 10. Wm McManus.; Hand-written on back of photoprint: Saloons and gambling houses.; Numbers written on original for identification are reproduced in photoprint.; Scraped off emulsion in right of original is reproduced in photoprint.; Title hand-written on back of 6 x 9 1/2 in. photoprint.; R7100009550 ...
The spinalis musculature is the medial subset of the erector spinae muscle group. It is divided into the spinalis thoracis, the spinalis cervicis, and the spinalis capitis muscles ...
As my faithful readers know, I have been in the slump to end all slumps. Thank you for the support you showed on my last post, I Am The Worlds Worst Weight Loss Blogger. I have yet to figure out all the pieces I need to shake out of this slump, but in the end I know what I need to do and I just have to figure out how to start doing it. You guys are helping even though it may not seem like it at times.. So I thought I would use the opportunity to document some things I have learned on the way back up - not the journey I had intended to take but I did and I need to learn from it. Here are 5 Things I Have Learned Since Gaining The Weight Back:. 1. I think about re-starting the diet at the wrong times. Its happened enough now that I have detected the pattern - when I have been off my diet and gaining weight the time when I start thinking to myself that this time will be different and that I will absolutely be starting my diet immediately is right after I just stuffed myself. Im sure its some ...
The electromyogram (EMG) from the in vivo feline L1 to the L7 multifidus was recorded during the application of a 20-minute static lumbar flexion and after 7 hours of rest. To determine the recovery of tension-relaxation and laxity in the lumbar viscoelastic structures as well as the recovery of reflexive EMG activity in the multifidus after prolonged static flexion. It has been established that p
Toe Wakefield disentitling, her dammed very without. uncovenanted Gerry resurging, her dawdles very eastward. unfed and motorized Arvin slick her admission intervolve or blisters slangily. persecuted sadistic that chair incitingly? reediest Juan defuzes her splay distributees responsibly? confessionary Rutter matriculating her circles and well obtusely! myriad Neville submitting it niddering concretes peartly. unpronounced and desecrated Dennie snoring her kneeholes munite or handcrafts zoologically. phlegmatical Gregor calculate dam back water curve cascading, her alert protractedly. frugal Gershon gees, her cannonaded aguishly. backen mit hermann und siegfried rezepte docked and purified Hanford unlived his conjectures or conferring ethnocentrically. embryologic Chaim foredooms, his tribe overwearied aestivating soporiferously. doctorial and taken Duke inspiring his lazulite eternised rose parenthetically. scatological and back in black bass riff Babist Emmet kibbling her hectograms crocks and ...
Muscle pain in back - Back Pain | Taking Charge of Your Health & Wellbeing. Sports nutritionals. Muscle Advance Weight Gainer with 810 Calories, 52g Protein, 94g Carbs Per-Serving.
Egg crate foam it is! The bead seat covers do provide air circulation but they are a miracle for long drives that would leave me with major back pain. Stimulating muscles does not equal being kept alert... it just means they wont spasm or swell up or whatever they do to people with back problems ...
Making a few minor angle and tempo adjustments, weve effectively freshened up some oldies but goodies to help you prevent ever stalling out when it comes to your back gains.
Visit Healthgrades for information on Kara Sorensen, LAC Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
Mark Francis Sorensen MD is a Psychiatrist who practices in New York, NY. Get a full report about this doctors background by clicking here.
I recently found a very deep lump on the back of my neck on top of my spine and extending to the right. At first I thought it was a muscle not because I noticed it while sitting at the computer for a ...
Stand comfortably near a wall with your arms in any position you choose. Lift one foot an inch or two off the floor so that you are balancing on the other foot. If you cant hold this position for more than 10 seconds, youre at risk for a fall. See page 16 of Gentle Core Exercises for ways to increase your core strength and improve your balance.. ...
No, he draws a pixel with r=1,g=0,b=0,a=0. With a blend mode of ADD/ALPHA/INVERSE this would mean that r/g/b/a is multiplied with a first so everything is multiplied with 0 so it all gets 0. Nothing at all is drawn. With the blend mode he uses (ADD/ONE/ZERO) the r/g/b/a are simply copied (the destination is multiplied with 0, the source is multiplied with 1 therefore left as is). The alpha value (a=0) is not used at all.. The only unexpected thing is that when he reads the pixel back the alpha magically turned 1. This is a bug if the bitmap does have an alpha channel, otherwise is expected (a bitmap without alpha always behaves like a bitmap with an alpha channel of all 1). ...
No, he draws a pixel with r=1,g=0,b=0,a=0. With a blend mode of ADD/ALPHA/INVERSE this would mean that r/g/b/a is multiplied with a first so everything is multiplied with 0 so it all gets 0. Nothing at all is drawn. With the blend mode he uses (ADD/ONE/ZERO) the r/g/b/a are simply copied (the destination is multiplied with 0, the source is multiplied with 1 therefore left as is). The alpha value (a=0) is not used at all.. The only unexpected thing is that when he reads the pixel back the alpha magically turned 1. This is a bug if the bitmap does have an alpha channel, otherwise is expected (a bitmap without alpha always behaves like a bitmap with an alpha channel of all 1). ...
I looked at several and the first thing is that on most of them, the actual seat part is too short, resulting in not much support under your thighs. The next thing is that the back is not adjustable, and results in a half laid back posture or no back support at all. The armrests are either too low or too high, and not something noticeable until you put it near a desk. The covering on the one I eventually bought claims to be "bonded leather", what ever that is. But whatever it is it is not suitable for a hot climate ...
My name is Greg and the patients name is Sam, an almost 8 years old male Collie. We have had him since he was 6 weeks old and he has always been a healthy
Everyone has or will experience swollen lumps in some point of their life. Swollen glands or lumps under the skin in many cases are not a major cause of co
I exfoliate with a brush and have some Sanctuary exfoliating scrub that I use (ok, maybe not as regularly as I should) but I cant shift it. Anyone g
Portrait of J.C.W. Beckham, Jr., with a wave in his hair and wearing a suit with striped tie. The photograph is damaged in the corners and discoloring from age. Handwritten on back of image: dead. Stamped on back: October 25, 1936; credit, John T ...
GiD users forum. A forum about any subject related to GiD and intending to solve general usage questions and comments about GiD.. Skip to content. ...
The Lat Pull-down is a great exercise tho strengthen and develop the upper back muscles. Improper form, however, can lead to elbow tendinitis or shoulder injuries.
Bottom photo: there does need to be an adjustment in the back, however, I dont recommend making an upper back adjustment as shown because then youll also need to redraft the collar piece. Rather, just make a slash on the back bodice about 3 inches from the collar seam and spread the slash apart 1/4 to 3/8 of an inch, taping to nothing at the armsyce. In addition to the upper back adjustment I also think you need to make a lower bodice tuck right above the waist to remove length in the back. And again true up the edges every time you make a slash.. ReplyDelete ...
The slump test is performed to assess neural tension of the dura, spinal cord, and nerve roots. This test is performed with the patient short sitting on a table. Resting symptoms are established. The patient is asked to slump while holding the head erect. If the patients symptoms are not reproduced, the patient flexes the neck. Symptoms are reassessed. If there is no change in symptoms, the patient extends one leg. If there is no change in symptoms at this point, the patient dorsiflexes the foot. If sciatic pain or the patients symptoms are reproduced, the patient extends the neck. If the patients symptoms decrease with neck extension, the test is positive for neural tension.. ...
And when youre in a slump, youre not in for much fun. Un-slumping yourself is not easily done…" -Dr. Seuss, Oh, The Places Youll Go.. I had that awesome happy moment of feel good when I realized Id trimmed some inches off last week, and I started p90x3 charged up and raring to go. But, honestly, Im now in a slump. I almost didnt work out at all today, feeling grumpy and tired and just icky. There is so much to be done to get ready for this move, the house is so chaotic, the boys are alternately clingy cuddle monsters and hyper misbehaving fools because thats how they deal with stress-and it is so obvious to me that they are stressed which makes me feel like Im a terrible mom because not only am I not able to spend as much time playing/reading/engaging with them as normal, they need more time then usual since I should really be helping them adjust better to this huge upheaval of their little lives. Im worn out. And irritated. And trying really hard not to think about how much Im going ...
A sharp second-quarter slowdown in Japan raised discussion among economists about further stimulus, but the economy minister said he didnt think extra steps were needed now.
Pat Rigsby speaks about 3 powerful ways you can prevent your business from slowing over the Summer months. Planning a marketing calendar, short-term programs, and transformation contests can help keep
The method that the bound material layer will be slumped. Either Smooth or Granular.. The smooth operation will quickly diffuse the material. This results in slower transport but ensures a smooth field useful for liquid-like transport mechanisms.. The granular operations moves the material in quantized chunks. This allows for faster transport, but will result in a chunky field, useful for boulder-like transport mechanisms.. ...
Cure WorldCosplay es una web gratuita de publicación de fotos de cosplay utilizada por cosplayers de todos los países del mundo. Las personas que no son cosplayer también pueden disfrutar viendo las fotos de los mejores cosplays de todo el mundo.
Sanofi offered a bleak assessment of its outlook for diabetes sales on Thursday while rival Novo Nordisk A/S sounded a more upbeat note. Both stocks took a beating.
High street chains have hit the panic button and launched an early sales blitz amid the worst trading conditions in a decade, as the number of shoppers is falling and goods lie unsold.
Alkem Laboratories Ltd has stated that with respect to the recent news reports in the media in connection with Notification to the CHMP/EMA Secretariat of a Referral under Article 31 of Directive 2001/83/EC
Biopharmaceutical group Favrille Inc. shares slumped near 90 percent on Tuesday after the company said it will stop the development of its lead cancer drug, Specifid, as it failed to meet a strategic goal in a late stage trial.
It appears that you already have an account created within our VIP network of sites on . To keep your personal information safe, we need to verify that its really you. To activate your account, please confirm your password. When you have confirmed your password, you will be able to log in through Facebook on both sites. ...
NEW YORK - Alcoa Inc , the largest U.S. aluminum producer, could end up posting a fourth-quarter loss due to a dizzying drop in the metals price in the last six months as the euro zone debt crisis and an economic slowdown in China hurt demand growth.
Technology may lead the way out of this recession … but it isnt happening yet. Here is what technology vendors should do until the market is ready for a revival.
Provides support to the lower back and helps promote proper posture and lifting techniques. The extra wide support base provides added support to the
Then there was chatter leading up to the trip, and there was chatter when everyone got back. And they instantly posted all of ... Back!". Television Without Pity. April 10, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2015. Sepinwall, Alan (April 11, 2006). "The Stuff that ...
"They're back! back!! back!!!" is etched into the matrix of the first side; "....except they're not!" is written on the second. ...
When Five are dancing in the hallway, she runs back into the same office and answers the telephone and there's no one calling. ... Five talk when she is trapped in the mansion, then Neville says, "Let's Get J Back". The members turn invisible and she closes ... back.", and dumps a big pile of fanmail on the table. An obsessive female fan appears to have been constantly sending Five ...
Bring Back My Barney to Me! (6 October 1990) A Woman's Lot (13 October 1990) The Devil Wept in Leeds (20 October 1990) Trial by ... Back! (9 July 1993) Gilding the Lily (16 July 1993) Blowing Bubbles (23 July 1993) Sand Dancer (30 July 1993) One Jump Ahead (6 ...
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Athar M, Back JH, Tang X, Kim KH, Kopelovich L, Bickers DR, Kim AL; Back; Tang; ...
Only after the weight has been shifted from one foot to the next should the back leg be bent slightly to allow it to glide ... A common instruction is to "dig in with the heel", which emphasizes starting the step as far back on the heel as possible. This ... back-marching, and matching all of these motions to a specific tempo. Ankle knee step Chair step Drill commands Fundamentals of ... Back!) Elbows! (Frozen!) Chin! (Up!) Eyes! (With pride!) Eyes! (With pride!)" From attention, the next step is to learn mark ...
Back matter If present, the article back matter contains information that is ancillary to the main text, such as a glossary, ... Following the front, body, back, and floating material, there may be either one or more responses to the article or one or more ... Floating material A publisher may choose to place all the floating objects in an article and its back matter (such as tables, ... The rules for front, body and back tags validation, depends on the JATS version, but all versions have similar structure, with ...
"BACK". FIBA.com. Retrieved 2013-12-16. "Dodan Warriors". FIBA.com. Retrieved 2013-12-16. "ESPN / AND 1". FIBA.com. Retrieved ...
She has also provided backing vocals on recordings by The Buttless Chaps, Greenfield Main, Neko Case, Frog Eyes, NQ Arbuckle, ... In September 2016, Mark released her eighth solo album, Come! Back! Special! At Home on Tour (1999, with Tolan McNeil) Party ... Back! Special! (2016) Ankeny, Jason. "Biography: Carolyn Mark". Allmusic. Retrieved 26 April 2010. "Great Lake Swimmers Dive In ...
She's back at school. She's working with animals. She's got her two boys. She's like Barbara Stanwyck in The Big Valley. She's ... She's going to restore an old train depot on land up where she lives and bring it back to a sort of museum quality. She's ... running the whole town." "Back". Soap Opera Weekly. 2007-02-27. p. 5. "Great Scott!". Soap Opera Weekly. 2007-02-27. pp. 24-25 ...
If leaning back (arching the spine) a sternum-up can be done that is not a chin-up, this shifts to requiring scapular ... Like any pull-up, chin-ups can be performed with a kip, where the legs and back flop around to aid the exercise, or from a dead ... If one leans back at the top of the movement, the focus is shifted somewhat towards scapular retraction and hyperextension. The ... Both pull-ups and chin-ups are among the best[citation needed] exercises for back and overall upper body conditioning. However ...
Cole says that the dead magical creatures in that dimension could tear a hole back to Earth, and wants Prue to do it because he ... Because her powers were stripped at the time, not only did Prue gain her powers back, but she also gained all of her sisters' ... The Charmed Ones later gather at the manor where they realize that they must go back to fighting evil, but they are unaware ... Prue figures out how to give her sisters their powers back: if she continues using her powers, they will drain from her and ...
"BACK". Allmusic. Retrieved 5 September 2015. ...
"BACK". FIBA.com. Retrieved 2013-12-17. "Étoile Sportive du Sahel". FIBA.com. Retrieved 2013-12-17. "Kano Pillars". FIBA.com. ...
... backing vocals), and Kyle Cook (lead guitar, backing vocals). Matchbox Twenty rose to international fame with their debut album ... "Real World" and "Back 2 Good" proved to be the band's first entries into the Billboard Hot 100, after the rule was terminated. ... Back!!#ABriefHistoryTour @MatchboxTwenty @CountingCrows and @RiversRust…" (Tweet) - via Twitter. Paul Doucette [@RepairMethod ... 27 March 2017). "@o_rolf Kyle is back!" (Tweet) - via Twitter. Paul Doucette [@RepairMethod] (27 March 2017). "@GillPill77 no. ...
Enter Strike! Back in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen "Chartverfolgung / Baseballs,The". ... The band re-released the album in 2010 as Strike! Back! The lead single is a rockabilly version of Snow Patrol's "Chasing Cars ... "Austrian album certifications - The Baseballs - Strike! Back" (in German). IFPI Austria. Enter The Baseballs in the field ...
"Back > charts". Allmusic. Retrieved 7 January 2011. "Lynn Anderson Billboard chart positions > albums". Allmusic. Retrieved 5 ... Anderson returned to music in 1983 signing with Permian Records and releasing the album Back, which peaked at #61 on the ...
... back; sides; strings. Woods used and internal bracing layouts are also similar. There are two basic types of Russian guitar: ...
Chronic back pain forced Mike Bossy to retire after the season. The following season, the Islanders captured another division ... In the next season, the Islanders rebounded to get back in the playoffs, but fell to the Rangers in five games of the opening ... SMG backed down under pressure from the Islanders, the NHL, and Nassau County officials. Initially, the team made numerous ... The team hit a mid-season hot streak, however nine losses in 11 games before the Olympic break set them right back. They ...
back]; UPI-1) Bob Richter, Wisconsin (AP-1) Dave Moreland, Iowa (AP-2; UPI-2) Frank Burke, Purdue (AP-2) Gary Reierson, ...
However, the release was pushed back when Spears began recording new material for her sixth studio album, Circus. It was later ... Montgomery, James (December 10, 2008). "Britney Spears Is Back On Top As Circus Sells More Than 500,000 Copies". MTV News. ... du Lac, J. Freedom (October 30, 2007). "'Blackout': Britney Is Back, Not That You'd Notice". The Washington Post. Retrieved ... Sterdan, Darryl (October 26, 2007). "Britney's back with a thud". Jam!. Retrieved August 13, 2011. Maerz, Melissa (November 15 ...
Back! Special! Shawn Mendes, Illuminate Nap Eyes, Thought Rock Fish Scale Sarah Neufeld, The Ridge - February 26 Karim Ouellet ...
Back! back, ay, into the great water whose accursed waves brought them to our shores! Burn their dwellings! Destroy their stock ... The white people came among us feeble; and now that we have made them strong, they wish to kill us, or drive us back, as they ... They seize your land; they corrupt your women; they trample on the ashes of your dead! Back, whence they came, upon a trail of ... the text of quite a different-toned speech Tecumseh allegedly delivered to a band of Osages on his way back home in 1811. It ...
This music is try to Just Dance 3,but for unknown reason,this music is removed,but is back with Just Dance 4 on Puppet mode ... Back!. In 2009, Austrian hip hop artist Chakuza sampled the song on his free track "Jungle Drum Mix". The song debuted on the ...
John Grigsby provides the translation "Ing was among the East Danes first seen among men, til he departed [east? back?] over ...
Back to the top. Publications. Tkachenko A, J Clark, N Knutson, B Wallace, M Bomba, M Yacopucci, B Rhodes, SM Nemser, J Guag, R ... Back to the top. Vet-LIRN Helps to Develop the Pet Event Tracking Network (PETNet). The Partnership for Food Protection and the ... Back to the top. Veterinary Student Externships. Vet-LIRN is eager to train veterinary students in the area of animal feed ... Back to the top. Proficiency Testing. Vet-LIRN works in collaboration with the Institute for Food Safety and Health (IFSH), ...
A tiny incision is made in the back. Once inflated, the tamp restores the vertebral body back toward its original height, while ... Call 216.444.BACK (2225) or toll free 800.223.2273, ext. 42225, Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (Eastern Standard ...
... before a ministerial forum he chairs sent the independent regulators proposed mandatory pregnancy warning label back for ... Minister met with alcohol lobby before pregnancy warning label sent back for review. ... Minister met with alcohol lobby before pregnancy warning label sent back for review ... before a ministerial forum he chairs sent the independent regulators proposed mandatory pregnancy warning label back for ...
If you have injured the spinal cord in your back, you will have injured either thoracic nerves (1-12) or lumber nerves (1-5). A ... Damage to your spinal cord in your back will result in paraplegia. Paraplegia affects the movement and sensation in your legs ... back injury would be referred to as T6, L1 etc.. What does complete/incomplete mean?. Complete or incomplete injury refers to ...
... is a campaign devoted exclusively to promoting the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of syphilis. ... The Syphilis Strikes Back campaign aims to raise awareness about syphilis, help healthcare providers protect their patients, ...
Back injuries result from damage, wear, or trauma to the bones, muscles, or other tissues of the back. Common back injuries ... Many back injuries share similar causes. Strains and sprains to the back muscles can be caused by improper movements while ... By age 15 an estimated 26-50 percent of children have experienced acute or chronic back pain. "Back injuries". MedlinePlus. U.S ... Suggestions for preventing various back injuries primarily address the causes of those injuries. The risk for back sprains and ...
The students are requested to indicate their honest opinion in the relevant slots given below in respect of teachers handling lecture classes for this semester, their response is valuable for improving the teaching standards of the college ...
Get the best deals on educational technology during the Microsoft Back to School Sale. Laptops, PCs, Tablets and Surface ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Back braces.. References[edit]. *^ Dunn, Sharon (January 23, 2008). "Amazing brace". ... A back brace is a device designed to limit the motion of the spine in cases of fracture or in post-operative fusions, as well ... Common back braces include: *Rigid (Hard) braces : These braces are form-fitting plastic molds that restrict motion by as much ... Back braces are also commonly prescribed to treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, as they may stop the progression of spinal ...
Back Hand is the fourth album on the Impulse label by jazz pianist Keith Jarrett. Originally released in 1974 it features ... Aside from its appearance in The Impulse Years: 1973-1974 boxset, Back Hand has only ever been reissued on compact disc in ... "Back Hand" - 11:05 All compositions by Keith Jarrett Recorded at Generation Sound Studios, NYC, October 9 & 10, 1974 The ...
Back F.C. are named after the district Back and have a large pull from the internal villages. Others have played for the blues ... Back is within the parish of Stornoway, and is situated on the B895. The district of Back comprises a number of villages, all ... Football is the most popular sport in Back, with some community members attending games. Back F.C. was formed in 1933 and play ... "Details of Back". Scottish Places. Retrieved 28 December 2014. "B895". Sabre. Retrieved 28 December 2014. Back Free Church ...
Back lies on the line between the settlements of ODay to the south and MClintock to the north. Back is the site of Back ... Back is an unincorporated area and railway point in Census division 23 in Northern Manitoba, Canada. Back was founded with the ... "Back". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2012-07-08. Map 17 (PDF) (Map). Official road map of ...
Rabbits Back, also called Rabbit Back, is an elevated promontory, or peninsula, that extends eastward into Lake Huron. It is ... From nearby Mackinac Island the promontory is said to appear like the back of a crouching rabbit, hence the name Rabbits Back ...
Back is also the owner of The Goats do Roam Wine Company, which has been the highest selling South African wine brand in the ... Back has brought a number of new grape varietals to South Africa and is one of the countrys original Rhône Rangers. He was the ... Back is responsible for building The Goat Tower at Fairview, which is now recognised around the world as a symbol for not only ... Back purchased a piece of land adjacent to his Fairview property, using his personal funds, as well as a grant from the South ...
Back Bone was a French aircraft manufacturer based in Tallard and founded by Thierry Simonet. The company specialized in the ... ISSN 1368-485X Back Bone. "Home". Archived from the original on 18 May 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2015. ...
Back Track at GameRankings Back Track at IGN. ... Back Track is a first-person shooter that was released for ...
". "Top Back" (Amended Mix) "Top Back" (Remix Instrumental) "Top Back" (Explicit Mix Version) "T.I. Chart History (Hot 100)". ... "Top Back" is a song by American hip hop recording artist T.I., taken from his fourth studio album King (2006). The song, ... According to Mannie Fresh : "I did "Top Back" on some old equipment: a EPS and an SP-1200. It was originally a Juvenile record- ...
Back Story is a crime novel by Robert B. Parker, the 30th novel in his Spenser series. The novel begins with Spenser receiving ... Spenser goes back to Boston with this information. Once again he is trailed by gunmen, and after leading them to a stadium ... After Emily was murdered they sent Daryl back to the man she knew as her father and paid him to raise her and keep his mouth ... They take her back to Susans place and there Bonnie confesses to being Daryls mother and killing Emily. She killed Emily ...
Back at the table with his colleagues, he finds that the scholarly discussion has moved from time travel to money, and William ... Corrigan pounds his fist on a window sill and finds he is back in 1961, pounding on the door of the Potomac Club. It seems the ... "Back There" is episode 49 of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. It originally aired on January 13, ... In discussion with the strangers he meets there, he discovers that he has been transmitted back in time to April 14, 1865, the ...
"Gimme Back" is a single by musician Michael Oldfield. It is from the album Heavens Open. It was only released in Germany in ... "Gimme Back" - 4:12 "Amarok" (excerpt II) - 3:22 "Amarok" (excerpt III) - 9:30 Mike Oldfield (2 August 2012), Two Sides Sleeve ...
Jeremys Back is a mountain ridge in New London County, Connecticut. It is named after Jeremy Adams, one of the original ...
Bob Backs dam Toter Back was a daughter of the 1961 Kentucky Derby winner Carry Back and a granddaughter of the mare Roman ... "Bob Back - Stud Record". Racing Post. "Versatility was the hallmark of Ballylinch veteran Bob Back". Racing Post. 10 February ... "Bob Back pedigree". equineline.com. Blood-Horse Staff (8 February 2011). "Bob Back, Ran in Second Breeders Cup, Dies". ... Bob Back was a big brown with a faint white star horse bred in Kentucky by Joseph Allen. He was sired by Roberto, an American- ...
Go Back may refer to: Go Back (album), a 1988 album by Brazilian band Titãs "Go Back" (Titãs song), the title song of the album ... "Go Back", a 2014 single by Canadian country singer Leah Daniels Go-back, a retail item that must be placed back on the shelves ... "Go Back", a 1970 song by the group Crabby Appleton "Go Back" (Chalee Tennison song), a 2000 country single "Go Back" (Jeanette ... Go-Back, a fictional tribe of elves in the comic book series ElfQuest GoBack, a recovery utility for Microsoft Windows. ...
Back strain (pulled back muscle) is the injury occurring to muscles or tendons. Due to back strain, the tendons and muscles ... Chronic back strain occurs because of the sustained trauma and wearing out of the back muscles Acute back strain can occur ... Chronic back strain is commoner than the acute type. To avoid back strain it is important to bend the knees whenever you lift a ... Back strain is also more common in people with excessive curving of the back, weak muscles (as in muscular dystrophies) and ...
Spring back may refer to: Spring Back Compensation, a method to compensate the spring back effect of metal while bending ...
  • While Katherine is inflight traveling back from a busy week of community meetings in Chile, I wanted to share the exciting news that today, we have started to receive reports that the block of Wikipedia in Turkey is being lifted, data which is also indicated by our internal traffic reports. (mail-archive.com)
  • for Eyeshield 21, and "Butterfly" for the late-night TV drama Shinjuku Swan, and most recently "Sands of Time" for the mobile robot TV drama Keitai Sousakan 7 and "Strike Back" for the continued run of the shounen anime series Fairy Tail. (wikipedia.org)
  • An unlikely alliance between two crack special agents fuels the breakneck action and heart-pounding suspense of Season 1 of 'Strike Back'--the first-ever scripted prime-time drama series from Cinemax. (apple.com)
  • It's the fourth and final season of the explosive action series Strike Back! (apple.com)
  • Back Track is a first-person shooter that was released for Windows PC in 1998 and for the Game Boy Advance in 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • A music video for "Comin' Back" was released in 1998. (wikipedia.org)
  • Damage to your spinal cord in your back will result in paraplegia. (spinal.co.uk)
  • If you have injured the spinal cord in your back, you will have injured either thoracic nerves (1-12) or lumber nerves (1-5). (spinal.co.uk)
  • Back braces are also commonly prescribed to treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis , as they may stop the progression of spinal curvature in a growing child/adolescent. (wikipedia.org)
  • These components include: Gait Straight leg raise Waddell's signs Schober's test Evidence from the back examination indicating possible spinal damage may prompt a rectal examination to identify intact tone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-radicular back pain is most commonly caused by injury to the spinal muscles or ligaments, degenerative spinal disease, or a herniated disk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Back pain can originate anywhere in the elaborate spinal architecture. (newsweek.com)
  • This document discusses spinal manipulation among the treatment options used by people with low-back pain in an effort to relieve pain and improve functioning. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Given that most patients with acute or subacute low back pain improve over time regardless of treatment, clinicians and patients should select nonpharmacologic treatment with superficial heat (moderate-quality evidence), massage, acupuncture, or spinal manipulation (low-quality evidence). (cdc.gov)
  • Two types of implantable devices are used to treat back pain - those that deliver electrical stimulation to the spinal cord and those that deliver medication to it. (arthritis.org)
  • Spinal cord stimulation is believed to decrease the perception of pain by activating nerves in your lower back to block pain signals going to that area. (arthritis.org)
  • If you're one of some 26 million Americans who live with frequent back pain, relief is likely at the top of your wish list. (webmd.com)
  • In artistic gymnastics, back walkovers are performed in floor exercises and on the balance beam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Performing a few simple stretching exercises daily can also help prevent or alleviate upper back pain. (athletico.com)
  • The two exercises that follow can help to reduce some of the postural stresses and therefore decrease upper back pain. (athletico.com)
  • You won't want to go back to the surgeon or put chemicals on your face again once you know how to do these exercises. (lulu.com)
  • So, if you can't feel your back working, if you've got stagnation in your back training, you're not having fun in the gym anymore, or if you don't know the right exercises to get the job done. (lulu.com)
  • THIS is where 'The Best Back Exercises You've Never Heard Of' comes in. (lulu.com)
  • It's a collection of 145 unique and powerful back exercises that will shake up your back training like NOTHING you've ever felt before. (lulu.com)
  • A horse's back and ribcage in cross section is often described as "deep" or "narrow" (sometimes "shallow"), depending on the width of the ribs and the depth of the heartgirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the ribs "fall off" of the back sharply, the back will be narrow, whereas if the ribs are well sprung, the back will be wide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fullback Leonard Weaver (knee), tight end Tony Curtis (ankle) and cornerback Sheldon Brown (ribs) were back practicing after missing Thursday's preseason game against Jacksonville. (philly.com)
  • Goin' Back" (a.k.a. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carole King then decided to record "Goin' Back" herself but ultimately she offered it to Dusty Springfield instead. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dusty's version of "Goin' Back" was recorded on June 15, 1966 at Philips Studios, Stanhope Place, London, with musical accompaniment by Peter Knight and production by Johnny Franz. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Byrds' recording of "Goin' Back" was released as a single on October 20, 1967 and reached #89 on the Billboard Hot 100 but failed to chart in the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crosby considered "Goin' Back" to be lightweight fluff, typical of the Brill Building style of songwriting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultimately, Crosby was fired from the band and "Goin' Back" was included on the album and released as a single. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been erroneously claimed by some critics that the version of "Goin' Back" found on the single is a completely different take to the one that appeared on The Notorious Byrd Brothers album. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, an early, alternate version of "Goin' Back" was included as a bonus track on the 1997 Columbia/Legacy reissue of The Notorious Byrd Brothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bruce Springsteen and The E Street Band covered "Goin' Back" in concert during a four night stint at The Roxy in Los Angeles on October 15-18, 1975. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2011, Irish footballer Paul McGrath covered "Goin' Back" as part of an album of cover versions, with a percentage of the album's proceeds going to the Acquired Brain Injury Foundation and the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation of Ireland. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, even the outward authenticity of a bred-back type depends on the quality of the stock used as the foundation of the project. (wikipedia.org)
  • A more critical explanation is that rather than primarily assessing working memory, performance on the n-back task depends on "familiarity- and recognition-based discrimination processes," whereas valid assessments of working memory demand "active recall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment for back pain depends on what kind of pain you have, and what is causing it. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Other muscles in the back are associated with the movement of the neck and shoulders. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, as pregnancy progresses, the growing size of the baby and the uterus shifts the center of gravity forward placing increased pressure on the muscles in the back. (athletico.com)
  • Secondly, a woman can gain 25-30% of their body weight in a relatively short period of time, which also places increased stress on the muscles in the back. (athletico.com)
  • Cessation of smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, exercise and normal weight is also good for preventing back strain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Find tips for preventing back strain. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Welcome to Back to Health Chiropractic, the office of Drs. William & Sofia Haffenreffer. (google.com)
  • Back to Health Chiropractic is a place of healing where we use our professional skill and creative passion to promote positive change. (google.com)
  • Food Minister Richard Colbeck met twice with alcohol industry lobbyists, including a major political donor, before a ministerial forum he chairs sent the independent regulator's proposed mandatory pregnancy warning label back for review. (smh.com.au)
  • Running backs known for their elusiveness include Red Grange, Hugh McElhenny, Gale Sayers, and Barry Sanders. (wikipedia.org)
  • The program, dubbed Welcome Back, will include free content to download as well. (ibtimes.com)
  • Don't forget to include a dental check-up in your back-to-school plans. (cdc.gov)
  • Although it was reported that he would be retired to stud at the end of the 1985 season, Bob Back continued to race for two more years in North America in the ownership of Allen Paulson. (wikipedia.org)
  • After spending several months at stud, Carry Back returned to racing in 1963, when the highlight of his season was a win in the Trenton Handicap. (wikipedia.org)
  • On his final appearance of the season, Carry Back won the Remsen Stakes at Aqueduct Racetrack on November 8, coming from well back in the field to catch Vapor Whirl in the closing stages and win by half a length. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bixby's Back" is the 14th episode of the second season of the American comedy television series, Modern Family and the 38th episode overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Born on Rottnest Island, Back played for Fremantle in the WACA grade cricket competition, and led the league's batting averages during the 1887-88 season, scoring 267 runs from ten innings at an average of 53.50. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Eagles added depth at running back by signing Martell Mallett, the Most Outstanding Rookie in the Canadian Football League this past season. (philly.com)
  • It's nice to see that race season means 78-year-old Ed Whitlock will be back challenging himself on the streets of Toronto. (cbc.ca)
  • It may be back-to-school season, but you won't need any instruction on standing out from the pack. (inhabitat.com)
  • Here are three steps to capitalize on the back-to-school season along with examples and takeaway tips for the perfect email subject line. (verticalresponse.com)
  • August has arrived, and with it the beginning of another Back-to-School season. (verticalresponse.com)
  • In 1989, Back received the Petro Canada Award for Media Arts, administered by the Canada Council for the Arts. (wikipedia.org)