An order of gram-positive bacteria in the class Bacilli, phylum Firmicutes.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.
The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.
A plant genus of the family VERBENACEAE. Members contain verbenachalcone (dimeric dihydrochalcone), iridoids, and phenylethanoids.
A genus of BACILLACEAE that are spore-forming, rod-shaped cells. Most species are saprophytic soil forms with only a few species being pathogenic.
A genus of GRAM-POSITIVE ENDOSPORE-FORMING RODS in the family Paenibacillaceae. Most strains have been isolated from the natural environment, particularly soils.
A species of gram-positive bacteria that is a common soil and water saprophyte.
A genus of GRAM-POSITIVE ENDOSPORE-FORMING RODS in the family Paenibacillaceae.
A genus of GRAM-POSITIVE ENDOSPORE-FORMING RODS in the family BACILLACEAE. They have been isolated from salty environments, food, water, and clinical specimens.
A genus of gram-positive, endospore-forming, thermophilic bacteria in the family BACILLACEAE.
A family of bacteria which produce endospores. They are mostly saprophytes from soil, but a few are insect or animal parasites or pathogens.
A plant family of the order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida, that are mostly herbs and shrubs growing in warm arid regions. Several produce GLUCOSINOLATES.
The articulation between a metatarsal bone (METATARSAL BONES) and a phalanx.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A family of gram-positive bacteria in the order BACILLALES. Most are strict aerobic heterotrophs.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.
A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
A species of rod-shaped bacteria that is a common soil saprophyte. Its spores are widespread and multiplication has been observed chiefly in foods. Contamination may lead to food poisoning.
Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.
Non-susceptibility of a microbe to the action of METHICILLIN, a semi-synthetic penicillin derivative.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Family of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacteria, in the order Bacillales. Genera include Gemella, Macrococcus, Salinicoccus, and STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
Rare leukoencephalopathy with infantile-onset accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the subpial, periventricular, and subependymal zones of the brain. Rosenthal fibers are GLIAL FIBRILLARY ACIDIC PROTEIN aggregates found in ASTROCYTES. Juvenile- and adult-onset types show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem instead. De novo mutations in the GFAP gene are associated with the disease with propensity for paternal inheritance.
A superfamily of proteins containing the globin fold which is composed of 6-8 alpha helices arranged in a characterstic HEME enclosing structure.
A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.
Coccus-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS that is a spherical, non-motile, gram-positive, chemoorganotrophic, facultative anaerobe. Mainly found on the skin and mucous membrane of warm-blooded animals, it can be primary pathogen or secondary invader.
One of the PENICILLINS which is resistant to PENICILLINASE but susceptible to a penicillin-binding protein. It is inactivated by gastric acid so administered by injection.
Enzymes that cause coagulation in plasma by forming a complex with human PROTHROMBIN. Coagulases are produced by certain STAPHYLOCOCCUS and YERSINIA PESTIS. Staphylococci produce two types of coagulase: Staphylocoagulase, a free coagulase that produces true clotting of plasma, and Staphylococcal clumping factor, a bound coagulase in the cell wall that induces clumping of cells in the presence of fibrinogen.
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the conversion of HYDROGEN PEROXIDE to water and oxygen. It is present in many animal cells. A deficiency of this enzyme results in ACATALASIA.
Fish-eating carnivores of the family MUSTELIDAE, found on both hemispheres.

Planomicrobium flavidum sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern, and transfer of Planococcus stackebrandtii Mayilraj et al. 2005 to the genus Planomicrobium as Planomicrobium stackebrandtii comb. nov. (1/41)

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Jeotgalibacillus salarius sp. nov., isolated from a marine saltern, and reclassification of Marinibacillus marinus and Marinibacillus campisalis as Jeotgalibacillus marinus comb. nov. and Jeotgalibacillus campisalis comb. nov., respectively. (2/41)

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Cohnella yongneupensis sp. nov. and Cohnella ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from two different soils. (3/41)

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Planococcus salinarum sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern, and emended description of the genus Planococcus. (4/41)

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Cohnella thailandensis sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium from Thai soil. (5/41)

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Cohnella damensis sp. nov., a motile xylanolytic bacteria isolated from a low altitude area in Tibet. (6/41)

A bacterial strain, 13-25(T) with xylanolytic activity isolated from a single present soil sample, was characterized with respect to its phenetic and phylogenetic characteristics. The cells of the isolate are gram staining variable rods. The predominant fatty acids are anteiso-C(15 : 0), C(16-0), and iso-C(16 : 0), the major respiratory quinone is menaquinone (MK-7), with a polar lipid profile with unknown aminophospholipids. The G+C content is 54.3 mol%. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicates that this organism belongs to the genus Cohnella, with Cohnella panacarvi as the closest phylogenetic neighbor. Low levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (<97.0%) with respect to other taxa with published names and the identification of distinctive phenetic features in the isolate indicate that the strain 13-25(T) represents a novel species of the genus Cohnella, for which the name Cohnella damensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 13-25(T) (=CCTCC AB 208103(T) =KCTC 13422(T)).  (+info)

Fontibacillus panacisegetis sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. (7/41)

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Brochothrix thermosphacta bacteriophages feature heterogeneous and highly mosaic genomes and utilize unique prophage insertion sites. (8/41)

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Exiguobacterium sp. RMA utilized 4-chloroindole as its sole source of carbon and energy. The effect of initial concentrations of substrate on the 4-chloroindole degradation was studied and observed that strain PMA was capable of degrading 4-chloroindole up to concentration of 0.5 mM. The degradation pathway of 4-chloroindole was studied for Exiguobacterium sp. PMA based on metabolites identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. 4-Chloroindole was initially dehalogenated to indole that was further degraded via isatin, anthranilic acid, and salicylic acid. The potential of strain PMA to degrade 4-chloroindole in soil was monitored using soil microcosms, and it was observed that the cells of strain PMA efficiently degraded 4-chloroindole in the soil. The results of microcosm studies show that strain PMA may be used for bioremediation of 4-chloroindole-contaminated sites. This is the first report of the bacterial degradation of 4-chloroindole. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved ...
Exiguobacterium sp. ATCC ® BAA-1283D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Exiguobacterium sp. strain AT1b TypeStrain=False Application:
Exiguobacterium sp. ATCC ® BAA-1283D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Exiguobacterium sp. strain AT1b TypeStrain=False Application:
ID A0A094JRL9_9BACL Unreviewed; 240 AA. AC A0A094JRL9; DT 26-NOV-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 26-NOV-2014, sequence version 1. DT 07-JUN-2017, entry version 9. DE SubName: Full=Uncharacterized protein {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFZ40694.1}; GN ORFNames=JS81_06565 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFZ40694.1}; OS Thermoactinomyces sp. Gus2-1. OC Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Thermoactinomycetaceae; OC Thermoactinomyces. OX NCBI_TaxID=1535750 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFZ40694.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000029276}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFZ40694.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000029276} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=Gus2-1 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KFZ40694.1, RC ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000029276}; RA Rozanov A.S., Bryanskaya A.V., Kotenko A.V., Malup T.K., Peltek S.E.; RT Full genome sequencing of Thermoactinomyces Gus2-1.; RL Submitted (AUG-2014) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. CC -!- CAUTION: The sequence shown here is derived from an CC EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ whole genome ...
ID A0A0F6BHF6_GEOS0 Unreviewed; 450 AA. AC A0A0F6BHF6; DT 24-JUN-2015, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 24-JUN-2015, sequence version 1. DT 11-DEC-2019, entry version 34. DE RecName: Full=Chromosomal replication initiator protein DnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377, ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU000577, ECO:0000256,SAAS:SAAS01081161}; GN Name=dnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377}; GN OrderedLocusNames=GY4MC1_0001 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ADP72857.1}; OS Geobacillus sp. (strain Y4.1MC1). OC Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Geobacillus; OC unclassified Geobacillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=581103 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ADP72857.1}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ADP72857.1} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=Y4.1MC1 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ADP72857.1}; RG US DOE Joint Genome Institute; RA Lucas S., Copeland A., Lapidus A., Cheng J.-F., Bruce D., Goodwin L., RA Pitluck S., Chertkov O., Zhang X., Detter J.C., Han C., Tapia R., Land M., RA Hauser L., Jeffries C., Kyrpides N., Ivanova N., ...
ID A0A0F6BHP0_GEOS0 Unreviewed; 228 AA. AC A0A0F6BHP0; DT 24-JUN-2015, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 24-JUN-2015, sequence version 1. DT 11-DEC-2019, entry version 30. DE RecName: Full=2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00108}; DE EC=2.7.7.60 {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00108}; DE AltName: Full=4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol synthase {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00108}; DE AltName: Full=MEP cytidylyltransferase {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00108}; DE Short=MCT {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00108}; GN Name=ispD {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00108}; GN OrderedLocusNames=GY4MC1_0085 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ADP72941.1}; OS Geobacillus sp. (strain Y4.1MC1). OC Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Geobacillus; OC unclassified Geobacillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=581103 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ADP72941.1}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ADP72941.1} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=Y4.1MC1 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ADP72941.1}; RG US DOE ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteria; Corynebacteriales; Corynebacteriaceae; ...
ID A0A0A2U686_9BACL Unreviewed; 448 AA. AC A0A0A2U686; DT 04-FEB-2015, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 04-FEB-2015, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 24. DE RecName: Full=Chromosomal replication initiator protein DnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377, ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU000577, ECO:0000256,SAAS:SAAS00724181}; GN Name=dnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377}; GN ORFNames=P364_0107180 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KGP83359.1}; OS Paenibacillus sp. MAEPY2. OC Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Paenibacillaceae; OC Paenibacillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=1395587 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KGP83359.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000030061}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KGP83359.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000030061} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=MAEPY2 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KGP83359.1, RC ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000030061}; RX PubMed=24526641; RA Chua P., Yoo H.S., Gan H.M., Lee S.M.; RT Draft Genome Sequences of Two Cellulolytic Paenibacillus sp. Strains, RT MAEPY1 and MAEPY2, from ...
Curated}} {{Biorealm Genus}} ==Classification== Higher order taxa: Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Listeriaceae; Listeria Species: Listeria innocua ==Description and significance== Listeria innocua is one of the six species belonging to the genus Listeria. It is widely found in the environment (such as soil) and food sources. It can survive in extreme pH and temperature, and high salt concentration (5). In terms of appearance, it is a rod-shaped Gram-positive bacterium. It is a non-spore forming bacterium. It may live individually or organize into chains with other Listeria innocua bacteria. It is a mesophile, operating at an optimal temperature range of 30-37 degrees Celsius. Listeria innocua very much resembles its other family members, the pathogenic Listeria monocytogenes (5). Listeria innocua was isolated from meat by a technique called surface adhesion immunofluorescence (3). Samples of meat were inoculated with L. innocua and ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Bacillus; Bacillus subtilis group; Bacillus amyloliquefaciens group; Bacillus ...
A Gram-positive, spore-forming, aerobic, rod-shaped, xylanolytic bacterium designated strain CC-Alfalfa-35T was isolated from the rhizosphere of Medicago sativa L. in Taiwan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain CC-Alfalfa-35T was affiliated to the genus Cohnella. Strain CC-Alfalfa-35T shared 95.3 % pairwise 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain of the type species of the genus Cohnella (Cohnella thermotolerans DSM 17683T) besides showing a similarity of 97.4-93.6 % with other recognized species of the genus Cohnella. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between CC-Alfalfa-35T and Cohnella thailandensis KCTC 22296T was 37.7 %±1.7 % (reciprocal value, 55.7 %±3.0 %). Predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The polar lipid profile constituted diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, lysyl-phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified aminophospholipids. The ...
Bacilli refers to a taxonomic class of bacteria. It includes two orders, Bacillales and Lactobacillales, which contain several well-known pathogens such as Bacillus anthracis (the cause of anthrax). ...
Bacilli refers to a taxonomic class of bacteria. It includes two orders, Bacillales and Lactobacillales, which contain several well-known pathogens such as Bacillus anthracis (the cause of anthrax). ...
Bacilli refers tae a taxonomic class o bacteria. It includes twa orders, Bacillales an Lactobacillales, which contain several well-kent pathogens sucn as Bacillus anthracis (the cause o anthrax). ...
The leaf surfaces of Tamarix, a salt secreting desert tree, harbor a diverse community of microbial epiphytes. This ecosystem presents a unique set of ecological characteristics and imposes a set of extreme stress conditions. The composition of the microbial community along ecological gradients was studied from analyses of microbial richness and diversity in the phyllosphere of three Tamarix species in the Mediterranean and Dead Sea regions in Israel, and in two locations in the USA. Over 200,000 sequences of the 16S-V6 and 18S-V9 hypervariable regions revealed a diverse community, with 788 bacterial and 64 eukaryotic genera, but only one archaeal genus. Both geographic location and tree species were determinants of microbial community structures, with the former being more dominant. Tree leaves of all three species in the Mediterranean region were dominated by Halomonas and Halobacteria, whereas trees from the Dead Sea area were dominated by Actinomycetales and Bacillales. Our findings ...
Types of Fermentation Process: Similarities and Difference between Continuous Fermentation and Batch Fermentation as a Comparison Chart. Batch vs Continuous
spore germination is activated by a multitude of proteins and purine nucleosides. blood stream (18). The constant secretion of poisons prospects to fatal septicemia. Although spore germination is usually a critical part of the establishment of anthrax contamination (18), hardly any is well known about the signaling pathways involved with spore germination (28, 32). The first rung on the ladder in the germination procedure is mostly the binding of metabolites by germination (Ger) receptors (8, 23, 38). NVP-BHG712 These receptors are membrane protein mainly encoded by tricistronic operons. Up to seven Ger receptors have already been characterized in (13). Mixtures of Ger receptors could be involved with different interacting pathways for germination (13, 30). Generally a purine and an amino acidity are necessary for the effective germination of spores (2, 23, 37). Once germination is usually activated, some degradative events split up spore-specific buildings and proteins (24, 29, 34). Germination ...
spore germination is activated by a multitude of proteins and purine nucleosides. blood stream (18). The constant secretion of poisons prospects to fatal septicemia. Although spore germination is usually a critical part of the establishment of anthrax contamination (18), hardly any is well known about the signaling pathways involved with spore germination (28, 32). The first rung on the ladder in the germination procedure is mostly the binding of metabolites by germination (Ger) receptors (8, 23, 38). NVP-BHG712 These receptors are membrane protein mainly encoded by tricistronic operons. Up to seven Ger receptors have already been characterized in (13). Mixtures of Ger receptors could be involved with different interacting pathways for germination (13, 30). Generally a purine and an amino acidity are necessary for the effective germination of spores (2, 23, 37). Once germination is usually activated, some degradative events split up spore-specific buildings and proteins (24, 29, 34). Germination ...
A way of predicting the conditions of product formation in a two-state continuous cultivation on the basis of analyzing the batch process is described. The prediction applies to processes where the product formation is proportional to the growth rate and where the relationship between culture activity and the external conditions is linear. Using the example of glucose oxidase production byAspergillus niger the prediction is borne out. The difference between the predicted and found values does not exceed 15%.
University of Idaho VIVO is a discovery tool that enables anyone to find experts, research, and associated activities at the University of Idaho.
Welcome to the History of New Zealand Science in 25 Objects! From ingenious pā fortifications and Tā moko uhi (chisels) to disposable syringes and the Britten motorcycle, New Zealands scientific innovations are fascinating, varied and internationally appreciated. Explore the history of NZ science and technology with Jean Balchin as she examines 25 objects we Kiwis have made - starting with … Read More ...
I love this native Carex. There should be a photo on your web site of this plant; there are plenty available on the web. Not only is this grass hardy & low maintenance, but it maintains a beautiful bright green color through out the summer, growing in neat mounds. I have it in part sun and high shade and think is does best, so far in the high shade ...
A strain of Exiguobacterium aurantiacum ATCC49676 was found to be of great potential to produce lactic acid (LA). In order to screen the metabolites that might regulate or affect the acid yield, a relative higher LA production condition was defined through full factorial experiment design. Fresh cultures harvested from the basic and the higher LA production conditions were subjected to metabolic fingerprint analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Significance analysis indicated a distinct change of an intercellular metabolite-L-glutamic acid (Glu). When ATCC49676 was treated by Glu, LA yield declined with the increasing added Glu concentrations. Relative enzyme quantification confirmed that Glu decreased the intracellular lactate dehydrogenase content. This study proved the merit of metabolic fingerprint analysis in exploring the phenotype specific intracellular metabolite and its potential roles in improving industrial fermentation efficiencies ...
global fermentation ingredients for feed market size, forecast, cagr, end user(aquatic animals, cattle, pork, poultry), ingredient type(amino, enzymes, organic acids, probiotics, vitamins), process(aerobic, anaerobic, batch fermentation and continuous fermentation), by region(NA, EU, APAC, ROW)
The most famous and almost inevitable strain for producing Scotch and single malt whiskies. Produces great congeners, suitable for the aging of the whiskies in barrels. Good alcohol resistance (over 15% v/v). Very good attenuation due to the assimilation of complex sugars, making it the best option for whiskies produced from malt, when enzyme additions are not allowed. Good choice for continuous fermentation. Despite its popularity in Scotland, it is suitable for producing all kind of whiskies or distilled grain (raw or malted) beverages that will be aged in barrels. ...
Mental or cognitive brain functions, and the effect on them of abnormal psychiatric diseases, are difficult to approach through molecular biological techniques due to the lack of appropriate assay systems with objective measures. We therefore study laws of behavioral organization, specifically how resting and active periods are interwoven throughout daily life, using objective criteria, and first discover that identical laws hold both for healthy humans subject to the full complexity of daily life, and wild-type mice subject to maximum environmental constraints. We find that active period durations with physical activity counts successively above a predefined threshold, when rescaled with individual means, follow a universal stretched exponential (gamma-type) cumulative distribution, while resting period durations below the threshold obey a universal power-law cumulative distribution with identical parameter values for both of the mammalian species. Further, by analyzing the behavioral organization of
Unlike induced \(Foxp3^+\) regulatory T cells (\(Foxp3^+\) \(iT_{reg}\)) that have been shown to play an essential role in the development of protective immunity to the ubiquitous mold Aspergillus fumigatus, type-(1)-regulatory T cells (Tr1) cells have, thus far, not been implicated in this process. Here, we evaluated the role of Tr1 cells specific for an epitope derived from the cell wall glucanase Crf-1 of A. fumigatus (Crf-1/p41) in antifungal immunity. We identified Crf-1/p41-specific latent-associated \(peptide^+\) Tr1 cells in healthy humans and mice after vaccination with Crf-1/p41+zymosan. These cells produced high amounts of interleukin (IL)-10 and suppressed the expansion of antigen-specific T cells in vitro and in vivo. In mice, in vivo differentiation of Tr1 cells was dependent on the presence of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, c-Maf and IL-27. Moreover, in comparison to Tr1 cells, \(Foxp3^+\) \(iT_{reg}\) that recognize the same epitope were induced in an interferon gamma-type ...
Elasmotherium sibiricum, an extinct species of rhinoceros, is known as the Siberian unicorn due to its large horn. Learn more about the Siberian unicorn.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Low-temperature wine-making using yeast immobilized on pear pieces. AU - Mallios, P. AU - Kourkoutas, Y. AU - Iconomopoulou, M. AU - Koutinas, AA. AU - Psarianos, C. AU - Marchant, R. AU - Banat, Ibrahim. PY - 2004/9. Y1 - 2004/9. N2 - A biocatalyst was prepared by the immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AXAZ-1 yeast cells on pear pieces and tested for grape must fermentation in both batch and continuous conditions. The immobilized yeast cells were stable and active even at low temperatures (,10degreesC). Wine production under batch fermentation at VC was completed within 15 days while at 3degreesC it took 36 days. In continuous fermentation, the bioreactor was operated for 33 days, then stored for 12 days at 10degreesC, and re-run for another 15 days without any diminution of the ethanol productivity. Total acidity of the produced wines remained within the ranges usually observed in dry wines, while volatile acidity was found in rather increased levels. The concentrations ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Crystallization of poly(L-lactic acid)/poly(D-lactic acid) blend induced by organic solvents. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Since researching D-lactic acid, I have just received some enlightening news. To begin with, my book talks much in the Brain Connection and in the Autism Connection chapters about the effect on behavior of too much D-lactic acid being absorbed into the bloodstream as a result of bacterial growth - even good guy bacter
The microbes had survived on trace amounts of oxygen, and were able to feed and multiply once revived in the lab. These bacteria, glowing green in this microscopy image, were revived from deep sea sediment more than 100 million years old. by Amanda Heidt Microbes extracted from deep sea sediments that settled during the age…
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2016 Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. Microbial carbonate precipitation has emerged as a promising technology for remediation and restoration of concrete structures. Deterioration of reinforced concrete structures in marine environments is a major concern due to chloride-induced corrosion. In the current study, halophilic bacteria Exiguobacterium mexicanum was isolated from sea water and tested for biomineralization potential under different salt stress conditions. The growth, urease and carbonic anhydrase production significantly increased under salt stress conditions. Maximum calcium carbonate precipitation was recorded at 5 % NaCl concentration. Application of E. mexicanum on concrete specimens significantly increased the compressive strength (23.5 %) and reduced water absorption about five times under 5 % salt stress conditions compared to control specimens. SEM and XRD analysis of bacterial-treated concrete specimens confirmed the precipitation of calcite. The present ...
Water-soluble polysaccharides isolated from the rhizome of Polygonatum sibiricum and fractionated using ionexchange chromatography were investigated to determine their structure and immunostimulating activity. Crude and fractions (|TEX|$F_1$|/TEX| and |TEX|$F_2$|/TEX|) consisted of carbohydrates (85.1~88.3%) with proteins (4.51~11.9%) and uronic acid (1.79~7.47%), and included different levels of mannose (62.3~76.3%), glucose (15.2~20.3%), galactose (4.35~15.3%), and arabinose (4.00~7.65%). The crude contained two peaks with molecular weights (Mw) of |TEX|$151{\times}10^3$|/TEX| and |TEX|$31|/TEX||TEX|.8{\times}10^3$|/TEX|, but |TEX|$F_1$|/TEX| and |TEX|$F_2$|/TEX| exhibited one major peak with Mw of |TEX|$103{\times}10^3$|/TEX| and |TEX|$628{\times}10^3$|/TEX|, respectively. Little immunostimulatory activity was observed by the crude; however, |TEX|$F_1$|/TEX| and |TEX|$F_2$|/TEX| significantly activated RAW264.7 cells to release nitric oxide and various cytokines, suggesting they were potent
FapR protein from the psychrotrophic species Exiguobacterium antarcticum B7 was expressed and purified, and subsequently evaluated for its capacity to bind to the promoter regions of the fabH1-fabF and fapR-plsX-fabD-fabG operons, using electrophoretic mobility shift assay. The genes that compose these operons encode for enzymes involved in the de novo synthesis of fatty acids molecules. In Bacillus subtilis, FapR regulates the expression of these operons, and consequently has influence in the synthesis of long or short-chain fatty acids. To analyze the bacterial cold adaptation, this is an important metabolic pathway because psychrotrophic microrganisms tend to synthesize short and branched-chain unsaturated fatty acids at cold to maintain cell membrane fluidity. In this work, it was observed that recombinant protein was able to bind to the promoter of the fully amplified fabH1-fabF and fapR-plsX-fabD-fabG operons. However, FapR was unable to bind to the promoter of fapR-plsX-fabD-fabG operon when
TY - JOUR. T1 - Thermally Stable Honeycomb-Patterned Porous Films of a Poly(L-lactic acid) and Poly(D-lactic acid) Stereo Complex Prepared Using the Breath Figure Technique. AU - Abe, Hiroya. AU - Hirai, Yutaro. AU - Yabu, Hiroshi. N1 - Funding Information: This work was partially supported by a Grant in Aid (KAKEN) for Challenging Ex Research, from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan (Grant No. 26620170) Publisher Copyright: © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2016/5/1. Y1 - 2016/5/1. N2 - Porous polymer materials prepared from biodegradable polymers have received considerable attention due to their potential as cell culture scaffolds for tissue engineering. Porous materials are generally sterilized by autoclaving prior to use as cell culture scaffolds to avoid unexpected biological infection. However, the melting point of biodegradable polymers is typically lower than the temperature used in ...
A new polyoxygenated sterol, sterolic acid (1), three new breviane spiroditerpenoids, breviones I-K (2-4), and the known breviones (5-8), were isolated from the crude extract of a Penicillium sp. obtained from a deep sea sediment sample that was collected at a depth of 5115 m. The structures of 1-4 were elucidated primarily by NMR experiments, and 1 was further confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The absolute configurations of 2 and 3 were deduced by comparison of their CD spectra with those of the model compounds. Compounds 2 and 5 showed significant cytotoxicity against MCF-7 cells, which is comparable to the positive control cisplatin.
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer ...
ID 39237 Symbol Key HEDE4 Common Name cucumberleaf sunflower Family Asteraceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, CT, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA
Proteome IDi ,p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the ,a href=http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual>proteome,/a>. It consists of the characters UP followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.,p>,a href=/help/proteome_id target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
Cohnella thermotolerans is the type species of the Cohnella genus of bacteria. It is Gram-positive, rod-shaped and endospore-forming, with type strain CCUG 47242T (=CIP 108492T =DSM 17683T). Kampfer, P. (2006). Cohnella thermotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov., and classification of Paenibacillus hongkongensis as Cohnella hongkongensis sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 56 (4): 781-786. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63985-0. ISSN 1466-5026. PMID 16585694. Paul Vos; George Garrity; Dorothy Jones; Noel R. Krieg; Wolfgang Ludwig; Fred A. Rainey; Karl-Heinz Schleifer; William B. Whitman (28 January 2011). Bergeys Manual of Systematic Bacteriology: Volume 3: The Firmicutes. Springer. pp. 317-. ISBN 978-0-387-68489-5. Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition. ScholarlyEditions. 9 January 2012. pp. 3674-. ISBN 978-1-4649-6335-3. Niall A. Logan; Paul De Vos (6 July 2011). Endospore-forming Soil Bacteria. Springer. pp. 20-. ISBN 978-3-642-19577-8. ...
In some traumatic nerve injuries, autologous nerve grafting is the first choice for bridging the gap between the severed nerve ends. However, this therapeutic strategy has some disadvantages, including permanent loss of donor function and requirement of multiple surgeries. An attractive alternative to this therapeutic technique is the use of artificial nerve conduit. Poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA) is widely used as a substrate for artificial nerve conduit because it is readily biodegradable, but it is not inherently biologically active. In this study, we developed a PLLA nanofibrous nerve conduit, modified with a conjugate of oligo (D-lactic acid) (ODLA) and the neurite outgrowth, thereby promoting peptide AG73 (RKRLQVQLSIRT) to improve nerve regeneration. PLA/ODLA-AG73 nanofibrous conduit was fabricated by electrospinning and then transplanted at the 10 mm gap of rat sciatic nerve. After six months, electrophysiological evaluation revealed that it achieved better functional reinnervation than silicone
Accepted name: dTDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxyglucose reductase. Reaction: dTDP-α-D-fucopyranose + NAD(P)+ = dTDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-α-D-glucose + NAD(P)H + H+. For diagram of reaction click here.. Glossary: dTDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-α-D-glucose = dTDP-6-deoxy-α-D-xylo-hexopyranos-4-ulose = thymidine 5-[3-(6-deoxy-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl-4-ulose) diphosphate]. Other name(s): dTDP-4-keto-6-deoxyglucose reductase; dTDP-D-fucose:NADP+ oxidoreductase; Fcf1; dTDP-6-deoxy-D-xylo-hex-4-ulopyranose reductase. Systematic name: dTDP-α-D-fucopyranose:NAD(P)+ oxidoreductase. Comments: The enzymes from the Gram-negative bacteria Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Escherichia coli O52 are involved in activation of fucose for incorporation into capsular polysaccharide O-antigens [1,3]. The enzyme from the Gram-positive bacterium Geobacillus tepidamans is involved in activation of fucose for incorporation into the organisms S-layer [2].The enzyme from Escherichia coli O52 has a higher catalytic efficiency with ...
Aristolochia debilis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Flies. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
This study investigated the biological activity of etanolic extract of leaves and stem of Mimosa debilis (leguminosae). The eluate of etanolic extract (hexan, chloroform, etil acetate, acetone and methanol) were obtained for chromatography in silica gel column. The test of substance class revealed the presence of terpenes and steroids. The antibacterial activity were investigated against the gram positive microorganisms S. pneumoniae and S. aureus and the gram negative microganisms E. coli and P. aeruginosa in diffusion in disc test and dilution broth test. The diffusion in disc test was made with etanolic extract and eluate. Its was vewrified the formation of an inhibition zone only when the discs were impregned with 2,7 mg the extract per disc. All the extracts, except the metanolic eluate revealed positive results against the gram positive microorganisms. There was no formation of inhibition zone, in the used concentration, in the gram negative microorganisms culture. Dilution broth tests ...
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information forBrochothrix thermosphacta.
Professor Hideto Tsuji and Assistant Professor Yuki Arakawa at the Toyohashi University of Technology have developed a method for synthesizing a pure alternating copolymer of L- and D-lactic acids in which L- and D-lactic acids are alternately arranged, i.e., a syndiotactic poly(lactic acid). The results of the present study were published on April 10 in Polymer Chemistry, a journal published by the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). The results of this study make it possible to synthesize syndiotactic polyesters in which L- and D-type monomers are arranged alternately. These polyesters were traditionally considered to be difficult to synthesize. The present results are expected to facilitate the development of novel polyesters with unprecedented characteristics, such as good productivity due to a fast crystallization rate.
The best probiotics for food sensitivities can be hard to find, but considering the impact of certain bacteria on histamine and D-lactic acid can help.
I tried it in the past to address a very specific gut infection: it didnt do anything. Research on Pubmed strongly suggested that the GSE that works...
A nonwoven fabric laminate having a meltblown layer positioned between two spunbond nonwoven layers. The meltblown layer having a gradient fiber size structure across a thickness thereof with at least one layer of coarse meltblown fibers. In one embodiment, the gradient fiber size structure has at least two layers of meltblown fibers, for example at least one layer of fine meltblown fibers and at least one layer of coarse meltblown fibers, having a mean fiber diameter difference of at least 4.0 microns.
2010 Thermolithobacterales Tissierelliales Bacillales Lactobacillales Ludwig et al. 2010 Subclass Mollicutes Acholeplasmatales ...
Paenibacillus popilliae (formerly Bacillus popilliae) is a soil-dwelling, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium. It is responsible for a disease (commonly called milky spore) of the white grubs of Japanese beetles. The adult Japanese beetles pupate in July (in the Northeast United States) and feed on flowers and leaves of shrubs and garden plants. During this adult stage, the beetles also mate and the females lay eggs in the soil in late July to early August. The eggs hatch soon afterwards and in this larval or grub stage, they feed on the roots of grass and other plants. As the weather gets cooler and winter approaches, the grubs go deeper into the soil, and feeding declines as they over-winter. In August, when the grubs are close to the surface and feeding, they are vulnerable to infestation by milky spore. This is also the optimal time frame for turf inoculation or applications with milky spore to increase milky spore in the soil environment (there are product specific guidelines that should be ...
Bacillales. Family:. Bacillaceae. Genus:. Bacillus. Cohn, 1872[1]. Species. B. acidiceler. B. acidicola. B. acidiproducens. B. ...
Bacillus thuringiensis serotype kurstaki (Btk) is a group of bacteria used as biological control agents against lepidopterans. Btk, along with other B. thuringiensis products, is one of the most widely used biological pesticides due to its high specificity; it is effective against lepidopterans, and it has little to no effect on nontarget species. During sporulation, Btk produces a crystal protein that is lethal to lepidopteran larvae.[1] Once ingested by the insect, the dissolution of the crystal allows the protoxin to be released. The toxin is then activated by the insect gut juice, and it begins to break down the gut.[2] Btk is available commercially and is commonly known as "Garden Dust" or "Caterpillar Killer", both of which are produced by Safer Brand. Other Btk-producing companies include Bonide and Monterey. ...
The ability to adhere to medical devices and subsequently form biofilms is a major virulence factor associated with S. haemolyticus.[3][5][13][14] Biofilm formation increases antibiotic resistance[5][13][14] and often leads to persistent infections.[15][16] S. haemolyticus biofilms are not polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA) dependent, and the lack of the ica operon (the gene cluster that encodes the production of PIA) can be used to distinguish S. haemolyticus isolates from other CoNS species.[3][12][14] Biofilm formation is influenced by a variety of factors including carbohydrates, proteins, and extracellular DNA. Detachment assays with NaIO4, proteinase K, or DNase result in 38%, 98%, and 100% detachment, respectively. The high level of detachment associated with DNase treatment has led several authors to suggest a cell-to-surface and/or cell-to-cell adhesion function for extracellular DNA. Biofilm formation also appears to be influenced by the presence of glucose and NaCl. Biofilm ...
Yoon, J. -H., K. -C. Lee, N. Weiss, K. H. Kang og Y. -H. Park (2003). "Jeotgalicoccus halotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov. and Jeotgalicoccus psychrophilus sp. nov., isolated from the traditional Korean fermented seafood jeotgal". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 53 (Pt 2): 595-602. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02132-0. PMID 12710632 ...
... is a genus of bacteria from the order Bacillales. Up to now, only one species of this genus is known (Thermicanus ...
... (formerly Bacillus alvei) is a species of bacteria within the order Bacillales. Like other species within ...
... or capsule biosynthesis genes in a subset of bacteria classified within the order Bacillales. It was initially discovered in ... "A regulatory RNA required for antitermination of biofilm and capsular polysaccharide operons in Bacillales". Mol Microbiol. 76 ...
George M. Garrity; et al. (2009). The Firmicutes. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. vol 3 (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 1450. ISBN ...
Bacillus anthracis je baktéria spôsobujúca slezinovú sneť (antrax), bežné infekčné ochorenie dobytka prenosné aj na človeka. Je to jediný obligátny patogén v rode Bacillus.[1] B. anthracis je grampozitívna nepohyblivá baktéria, formujúca endospóry, v tvare tyčinky so šírkou 1,0 až 1,2 µm a dĺžkou 3 až 5 µm.[1] Dokáže rásť v bežnej živnej pôde v aeróbnych alebo anareóbnych podmienkach.[2] Spóry dokážu v mŕtvole, pôde alebo truse prežiť aj niekoľko desiatok rokov.[3] Je to jedna z mála známych baktérií, ktorá dokáže syntetizovať proteínovú kapsulu, Podobne ako Bordetella pertussis, formuje kalmodulín-závislý Adenylátcyklázový exotoxín známy ako antraxový toxín. Objav baktérie je pripisované nemeckému lekárovi Aloysovi Pollenderovi (1799 - 1879). Francúzsky lekár Casimir Davaine (1812 - 1882) preukázal, že symptómy slezinovej sneti boli spájané s baktériou B. anthracis.[4] Išlo o prvý prípad kedy sa preukázalo, že ...
Bacillales. Family: Planococcaceae. The Planococcaceae are a family of gram-positive bacteria. Most of the species are capable ...
Bacillales. Familie. Staphylococcaceae. Slægt. Staphylococcus. Art. S. aureus. Videnskabeligt artsnavn. Staphylococcus aureus. ...
Stafylokok alebo stafylokokus (lat. Staphylococcus) je rod grampozitívnych baktérií z čeľade Staphylococcaceae. Pod mikroskopom majú guľovitý tvar (kokus) a vytvárajú strapcovité zhluky. Sú to fakultatívne anaeróbne baktérie (rastú anaeróbne aj aeróbne). Názov rodu vytvoril v roku 1882 škótsky chirurg a bakteriológ Alexander Ogston (1844 - 1929), podľa vzoru pri menovaní Streptococcus.[1] kombinuje prefix „staphylo-" (z starogr. σταφυλή staphylē - strapec hrozna) a sufix z moderného výrazu lat. coccus sférická baktéria, kokus (z starogr. κόκκος kókkos - zrno, semeno, bobuľa). Rod Staphylococcus obsahuje približne 40 druhov. Z nich, dva majú dva poddruhy, jeden má tri poddruhy a jeden má štyri poddruhy.[2] Väčšina druhov je neškodná a bežne prebýva na pokožke a sliznici u ľudí a ostatných organizmov. Zistilo sa, že stafylokoky obývajú aj nektár.[3] Tvoria aj malú súčasť pôdnej biológie.[4] ...
... is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria in the family Staphylococcaceae from the order Bacillales. Under the ...
Bacillales. Categorías ocultas: *Todos os artigos con ligazóns externas rotas. *Artigos con ligazóns externas rotas desde ...
As Firmicutes (do latín: firmus cutis, "pel forte", referido aquí a "parede celular forte") son un filo def bacterias, a maioría das cales teñen unha estrutura da parede celular grampositiva. Porén, unhas poucas, como Megasphaera, Pectinatus, Selenomonas e Zymophilus, teñen unha pseudomembrana externa porosa que fai que presenten unha tinguidura gramnegativa. En anteriores clasificacións recibiron o nome de Firmacutes, que despois se cambiou a Firmicutes cunha diminución na súa composición. Os científicos antes clasificaban en Firmicutes todas as bacterias grampositivas, pero recentemente defínenas como o grupo central de formas relacionadas chamado o grupo de baixo contido G+C, en contraste coas Actinobacteria. Pódense incluír aquí as Molicutes (micoplasmas, sen parede), que noutras clasificacións se clasifican como Tenericutes. As Firmicutes teñen células arredondadas (chamadas cocos) ou bacilares. Moitas Firmicutes producen endósporas, que son resistentes ao desecamento e ...
Bacillus anthracis je povzročitelj antraksa - pogoste bolezni živine in občasno ljudi - in edini obligatni patogen iz rodu Bacillus.[1] Gre za grampozitivno, endosporogeno, paličasto bakterijo s širino od 1 do 1,2 mikrometra in dolžino od 3 do 5 µm.[1] Raste lahko v običajnem hranilnem mediju v aerobnih ali anaerobnih razmerah.[2] Bacillus anthracis je ena od maloštevilnih vrst bakterij, ki sintetizirajo polipeptidno kapsulo (poli-D-gama-glutamat). Tako kot Bordetella pertussis tudi ta vrsta tvori od kalmodulina odvisni adenilat-ciklazni eksotoksin, imenovan edemski faktor. Genotipsko in fenotipsko je podobna vrstama Bacillus cereus in Bacillus thuringiensis. Vse tri vrste imajo podobno celično velikost in obliko. Vse tvorijo ovalne spore, ki ležijo centralno v nenabreklem sporangiju. Spore B. anthracis so izjemno odporne in preživijo več desetletij ali stoletij kljub ekstremnim temperaturam, pomanjkanju hranil ali intenzivnim kemičnim dejavnikom. ...
Bacillales. Porodica: Bacillaceae. Rod: Bacillus. Bacillus je rod gram pozitivne, štapićaste bakterije i član razdela ...
Bacillales. Družina: Bacillaceae. Rod: Bacillus. Cohn 1872 Vrste Bacillus anthracis. Bacillus cereus. Bacillus coagulans. ...
Bacillales (en) Familia. Staphylococcaceae (en) Generoa Staphylococcus. Rosenbach 1884. Azpibanaketa. S. arlettae. S. agnetis. ...
Firmacutes [sic] (gram positive, subsequently corrected to Firmicutes) several orders such as Bacillales and Actinomycetales ( ...
However, this term is a misnomer because it does not distinguish between class Bacilli, order Bacillales, family Bacillaceae, ...
Bacillales Faimily: Staphylococcaceae Genus: Staphylococcus Species: S. aureus Binomial name Staphylococcus aureus. Rosenbach ...
Ang Staphylococcus aureus ay isang gram-positive, round-shaped bakterya na miyembro ng Firmicutes, at ito ay isang miyembro ng normal na flora ng katawan, madalas na matatagpuan sa ilong, traktong respiratoryo, at sa balat. Ito ay kadalasang positibo para sa pagbawas ng catalase at nitrate at isang facultative anaerobe na maaaring lumago nang walang pangangailangan para sa oksiheno. ...
... is a taxonomic class of bacteria that includes two orders, Bacillales and Lactobacillales, which contain several well- ...
several orders such as Bacillales and Actinomycetales (now in the phylum Actinobacteria) ...
... closely related to perfringolysin from Clostridium perfringens are produced by bacteria from across the order Bacillales and ...
... cyanophycin synthetase and the capB enzyme from Bacillales. This family includes UDP-N-acetylmuramate-L-alanine ligase (MurC), ...
... order Bacillales Bacillus Listeria Staphylococcus Bacilli, order Lactobacillales Enterococcus Lactobacillus Leuconostoc ...
The Bacillales are an order of Gram-positive bacteria, placed within the Firmicutes. Representative genera include Bacillus, ...
Funciton: Phosphoadenylyl-sulfate reductase [thioredoxin] (EC 1.8.4.8) / Adenylyl-sulfate reductase [thioredoxin] (EC 1.8.4.10) ...
The Bacillales are an order of Gram-positive bacteria, placed within the Firmicutes.[1] Representative genera include Bacillus ...
Paenibacillus popilliae (formerly Bacillus popilliae) is a soil-dwelling, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium. It is responsible for a disease (commonly called milky spore) of the white grubs of Japanese beetles. The adult Japanese beetles pupate in July (in the Northeast United States) and feed on flowers and leaves of shrubs and garden plants. During this adult stage, the beetles also mate and the females lay eggs in the soil in late July to early August. The eggs hatch soon afterwards and in this larval or grub stage, they feed on the roots of grass and other plants. As the weather gets cooler and winter approaches, the grubs go deeper into the soil, and feeding declines as they over-winter. In August, when the grubs are close to the surface and feeding, they are vulnerable to infestation by milky spore. This is also the optimal time frame for turf inoculation or applications with milky spore to increase milky spore in the soil environment (there are product specific guidelines that should be ...
Bacillales. Family:. Bacillaceae. Genus:. Bacillus. Cohn, 1872[1]. Species. B. acidiceler. B. acidicola. B. acidiproducens. B. ...
Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Listeriaceae; Listeria. Genomic context Go to the top of the page Help ...
Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Bacillus. Old locus tag. BSU01640. Genomic context Go to the top of the ...
Bacillales. Bacillaceae. Ornithinibacillus. sp. 4. [6]. Planococcaceae. Planomicrobium. sp. 4. [6]. Proteobacteria. Gamma ...
Order: Bacillales. Family: Bacillaceae. Genesis: Bacillus. Species: Anthracis. scientific name, bacillus anthracis. Fungus: The ...
Phylum Firmicutes, Order Bacillales 496. Order Lactobacillales 500. Order Clostridiales 502. Order Spriochaetales 505 ...
OC Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Bacillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=315750; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ...
strain Y4.1MC1). OC Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Geobacillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=581103 {ECO:0000313,EMBL ...
George M. Garrity; et al. (2009). The Firmicutes. Bergeys Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. vol 3 (2nd ed.). New York: Springer. p. 1450. ISBN ...
Bacillus anthracis je baktéria spôsobujúca slezinovú sneť (antrax), bežné infekčné ochorenie dobytka prenosné aj na človeka. Je to jediný obligátny patogén v rode Bacillus.[1] B. anthracis je grampozitívna nepohyblivá baktéria, formujúca endospóry, v tvare tyčinky so šírkou 1,0 až 1,2 µm a dĺžkou 3 až 5 µm.[1] Dokáže rásť v bežnej živnej pôde v aeróbnych alebo anareóbnych podmienkach.[2] Spóry dokážu v mŕtvole, pôde alebo truse prežiť aj niekoľko desiatok rokov.[3] Je to jedna z mála známych baktérií, ktorá dokáže syntetizovať proteínovú kapsulu, Podobne ako Bordetella pertussis, formuje kalmodulín-závislý Adenylátcyklázový exotoxín známy ako antraxový toxín. Objav baktérie je pripisované nemeckému lekárovi Aloysovi Pollenderovi (1799 - 1879). Francúzsky lekár Casimir Davaine (1812 - 1882) preukázal, že symptómy slezinovej sneti boli spájané s baktériou B. anthracis.[4] Išlo o prvý prípad kedy sa preukázalo, že ...
Bacillus sphaericus is an obligate aerobe bacterium used as a larvicide for mosquito control of the Anopheles and Culex genera. It is on the other hand ineffective on the Aedes mosquito genus. It forms spherical endospores, which the mosquito larvae swallow and get infected from. Bacillus sphaericus is a gram positive bacterium, with rod shaped cells that form chains. (en) ...
Bacillales. Family: Planococcaceae. The Planococcaceae are a family of gram-positive bacteria. Most of the species are capable ...
dbr:Bacillales. dbo:phylum *dbr:Firmicutes. dbo:wikiPageExternalLink *http://bacdive.dsmz.de/index.php?search=1211&submit= ...
Bacillales. Familie. Staphylococcaceae. Slægt. Staphylococcus. Art. S. aureus. Videnskabeligt artsnavn. Staphylococcus aureus. ...
Stafylokok alebo stafylokokus (lat. Staphylococcus) je rod grampozitívnych baktérií z čeľade Staphylococcaceae. Pod mikroskopom majú guľovitý tvar (kokus) a vytvárajú strapcovité zhluky. Sú to fakultatívne anaeróbne baktérie (rastú anaeróbne aj aeróbne). Názov rodu vytvoril v roku 1882 škótsky chirurg a bakteriológ Alexander Ogston (1844 - 1929), podľa vzoru pri menovaní Streptococcus.[1] kombinuje prefix „staphylo-" (z starogr. σταφυλή staphylē - strapec hrozna) a sufix z moderného výrazu lat. coccus sférická baktéria, kokus (z starogr. κόκκος kókkos - zrno, semeno, bobuľa). Rod Staphylococcus obsahuje približne 40 druhov. Z nich, dva majú dva poddruhy, jeden má tri poddruhy a jeden má štyri poddruhy.[2] Väčšina druhov je neškodná a bežne prebýva na pokožke a sliznici u ľudí a ostatných organizmov. Zistilo sa, že stafylokoky obývajú aj nektár.[3] Tvoria aj malú súčasť pôdnej biológie.[4] ...
taxon = Bacillales. **Matches InterPro signature IPR009695. **Matches InterPro signature IPR000811. *Matches InterPro signature ...
Bacterial lineages: (A) Chloroflexales; (B) Enterobacteriales; (C) Actinomycetales; (D) Rhizobiales; (E) Bacillales; (F) ... Bacterial lineages: (A) Chloroflexales; (B) Enterobacteriales; (C) Actinomycetales; (D) Rhizobiales; (E) Bacillales; (F) ... In the Bacillales and Rhizobiales groups, as well as in the Ewrinia and Chloroflexus spp., homologous ABC transporters and ... Among the Bacillales, all studied genomes have the RhaA isomerase, whereas only B. licheniformis has the non-orthologous ...
Bacillales, Bacillaceae, Bacillus Strain Designations Type Strain A, variant IV Application Sporicidal test ...
Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Staphylococcaceae; Staphylococcus. Data source. GenBank (Assembly: GCA_000012045.1) ...
Taxonavigation: Bacillales Prokaryota Superregnum: Bacteria Regnum: Bacteria Group: Terrabacteria group Phylum: Firmicutes ...
Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Bacillus. OX NCBI_TaxID=224308; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=168 / Marburg ...
Taxonavigation: Bacillales Prokaryota Superregnum: Bacteria Regnum: Bacteria Group: Terrabacteria group Phylum: Firmicutes ...
Chistoserdov, A. Y. 2009. Prokaryotic Microbes (Archaea and Bacteria, Excluding Cyanobacteria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 15-45 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico-Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.. ...
Bacillales family Staphylococcaceae genus Staphylococcus species Staphylococcus aureus Name. Homonyms. Staphylococcus aureus ...
Staphylococcus is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria in the family Staphylococcaceae in the order Bacillales. Under the ...
Bacillales Family. Staphylococcaceae Genus. Jeotgalicococcus Macrococcus Nosocomiicoccus Salinococcus Staphylococcus Species. ...
  • The Bacillales are an order of Gram-positive bacteria, placed within the Firmicutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • En anteriores clasificacións recibiron o nome de Firmacutes , que despois se cambiou a Firmicutes cunha diminución na súa composición. (wikipedia.org)
  • Os científicos antes clasificaban en Firmicutes todas as bacterias grampositivas, pero recentemente defínenas como o grupo central de formas relacionadas chamado o grupo de baixo contido G+C , en contraste coas Actinobacteria . (wikipedia.org)
  • Moitas Firmicutes producen endósporas , que son resistentes ao desecamento e poden sobrevivir en condicións estremas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ata agora non hai unha forma simple de definir categoricamente unha bacteria dada como pertencente a Firmicutes, xa que o filo é enormemente diverso en características fenotípicas debido a que ao intenso intercambio de plásmidos entre as súas especies e xéneros, pero a presenza de Firmicutes pode agora detectarse por PCR en tempo real utilizando metodoloxías recentemente descritas. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2001, the Famiiy Listeriaceae was created within the expanding Order Bacillales, which also includes Staphylococcaceae, Bacillaceae and others. (thefullwiki.org)
  • O grupo divídese tipicamente en Clostridia , que son organismos anaeróbicos , Bacilli , que son aerobios obrigados ou facultativos, e os Mollicutes (micoplasmas, que agora nalgunhas clasificacións se consideran Tenericutes ). (wikipedia.org)
  • 2009), the phylum Firmucutes , class " Bacilli ", order Bacillales , included seven named families that may lie within the taxonomy of the genus Bacillus and related organisms (16, 17). (scielo.br)
  • Staphylococcus is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria in the family Staphylococcaceae in the order Bacillales . (wikipedia.org)
  • B. subtilis foi a primeira bacteria na que se identificou o papel dun citoesqueleto baseado en proteínas similares á actina na determinación da forma da célula e se estudou a síntese do peptidoglicano que forma a parede, na cal se descubriu o conxunto completo de encimas que interveñen na mesma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacillales, an order of Gram-positive bacteria, are commonly isolated from dairy foods and at various points along the dairy value chain. (cornell.edu)
  • Bacillus subtilis é un dos procariotas mellor coñecidos en canto á súa bioloxía molecular e celular. (wikipedia.org)
  • As investigacións con Bacillus subtilis estiveron en primeiro plano no estudo da bioloxía molecular bacteriana, e o organismo úsase como modelo para estudar a regulación de xenes e proteínas, e o ciclo celular das bacterias. (wikipedia.org)
  • O xénero Bacillus foi denominado así en 1835 por Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (que tamén nomeou o xénero, hoxe considerado inválido, Bacterium sete anos antes) e contiña inicialmente bacterias con forma de bastón, e despois foi emendado por Ferdinand Cohn para que incluíse bacterias formadoras de esporas, grampositivas ou variables, con forma bacilar. (wikipedia.org)
  • O estudo específico de Bacillus que cubriu unha maior diversidade é o de Xu e Côté, que utilizaron a rexión ITS e o ARNr de 16S, e dividiron o xénero en 10 grupos, que inclúen os xéneros incrustados Paenibacillus, Brevibacillus, Geobacillus, Marinibacillus e Virgibacillus . (wikipedia.org)
  • MRSA evolved from Staphylococcus aureus, which evolved from Staphylococcus, which evolved from Staphylococcaceae, which evolved from Bacillales. (slideshare.net)
  • Staphylococcus aureus , (græsk: stafylé = drue) også kaldet gule stafylokokker, er en ubevægelig Gram-positiv bakterie [1] som findes på hud og slimhinder (næse, mund, underliv etc). (wikipedia.org)
  • Den almindeligt forekommende Staphylococcus aureus findes nu i en multiresistent udgave - kaldet meticillin-resistent Staphylococcus aureus ( MRSA ) - der et voksende problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • En ny variant af en meticillin-resistent Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) blev fundet juni 2011, som pt(2011) ikke kan påvises med standard tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • B. anthracis , que causa o carbuncho ou carbúnculo (chamado en inglés anthrax ), e o B. cereus , que causa unha infección alimentaria similar á causada por Staphylococcus . (wikipedia.org)
  • Urteotan penizilina izan da tratamendurik eraginkorrena Staphylococcus aureus -en aurka. (wikipedia.org)
  • S-boxes were shown to bewidely distributed in Bacillales and Clostridia, whereasmethionine-specific T-boxes occurred mostly in Lactobacillales. (embl-heidelberg.de)
  • In addition, the abundance of Bacillales , Actinomycetes , and Thermoactinomycetaceae in the experimental groups (AR) was slightly better than that in the control groups (CK) during composting, which led to a conclusion that an elaborate physical-chemical-multivariate aerobic microorganism evolution model of cellulose degradation products (PCMC) was deduced and the physical-chemical-multivariate aerobic microorganism model of lignin cycle degradation (PCML) was developed. (springer.com)
  • Frankiales and Rhizobiales species) becomes temporarily dominated by the orders Bacillales and Pseudomonadales, known to contain plant growth-promoting species. (uio.no)
  • The melody for each measure is derived from the relative abundances of typically rare taxa that were observed to occasionally bloom to higher abundance in the following order: Cyanobacteria, Vibrionales, Opitulates, Pseudomondales, Rhizobiales, Bacillales, Oceanospirallales, and Sphingomonadales. (anl.gov)
  • 2010 Thermolithobacterales Tissierelliales Bacillales Lactobacillales Ludwig et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • The predominant orders in lung microbiota communities before infection were Bacillales, Actinomycetales and Clostridiales. (nih.gov)
  • Setlow P, Wang S, Li Y-Q. Germination of spores of the orders Bacillales and Clostridiales . (nature.com)