Bacillaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family BACILLACEAE.Bacillaceae: A family of bacteria which produce endospores. They are mostly saprophytes from soil, but a few are insect or animal parasites or pathogens.Bacillus: A genus of BACILLACEAE that are spore-forming, rod-shaped cells. Most species are saprophytic soil forms with only a few species being pathogenic.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Genes, rRNA: Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Anthrax Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent ANTHRAX.Anthrax: An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. It commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats. Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. Anthrax is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.Bacillus anthracis: A species of bacteria that causes ANTHRAX in humans and animals.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Skin Diseases, Bacterial: Skin diseases caused by bacteria.Bacterial Toxins: Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Mononeuropathies: Disease or trauma involving a single peripheral nerve in isolation, or out of proportion to evidence of diffuse peripheral nerve dysfunction. Mononeuropathy multiplex refers to a condition characterized by multiple isolated nerve injuries. Mononeuropathies may result from a wide variety of causes, including ISCHEMIA; traumatic injury; compression; CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASES; CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS; and other conditions.Gangrene: Death and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply.Blister: Visible accumulations of fluid within or beneath the epidermis.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Gas Gangrene: A severe condition resulting from bacteria invading healthy muscle from adjacent traumatized muscle or soft tissue. The infection originates in a wound contaminated with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM. C. perfringens accounts for the majority of cases (over eighty percent), while C. noyvi, C. septicum, and C. histolyticum cause most of the other cases.AIDS-Associated Nephropathy: Renal syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients characterized by nephrotic syndrome, severe proteinuria, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with distinctive tubular and interstitial changes, enlarged kidneys, and peculiar tubuloreticular structures. The syndrome is distinct from heroin-associated nephropathy as well as other forms of kidney disease seen in HIV-infected patients.Cellulitis: An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.Soft Tissue Neoplasms: Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Soft Tissue Injuries: Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".Soft Tissue Infections: Infections of non-skeletal tissue, i.e., exclusive of bone, ligaments, cartilage, and fibrous tissue. The concept is usually referred to as skin and soft tissue infections and usually subcutaneous and muscle tissue are involved. The predisposing factors in anaerobic infections are trauma, ischemia, and surgery. The organisms often derive from the fecal or oral flora, particularly in wounds associated with intestinal surgery, decubitus ulcer, and human bites. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1688)Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures: Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.Abbreviations as Topic: Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.Review Literature as Topic: Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.Checklist: Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.Penile Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PENIS or its component tissues.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Mullerian Ducts: A pair of ducts near the WOLFFIAN DUCTS in a developing embryo. In the male embryo, they degenerate with the appearance of testicular ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. In the absence of anti-mullerian hormone, mullerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the OVIDUCTS; UTERUS; CERVIX; and VAGINA.Urogenital Abnormalities: Congenital structural abnormalities of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.Septum Pellucidum: A triangular double membrane separating the anterior horns of the LATERAL VENTRICLES of the brain. It is situated in the median plane and bounded by the CORPUS CALLOSUM and the body and columns of the FORNIX (BRAIN).Uterine Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the UTERUS.Hysteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.Hysterosalpingography: Radiography of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of a contrast medium.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.IndiaScience: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Astragalus membranaceus: A plant species of the Astragalus genus which is source of Huang qi preparation used in TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE.Temporal Bone: Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).Facial Neuralgia: Neuralgic syndromes which feature chronic or recurrent FACIAL PAIN as the primary manifestation of disease. Disorders of the trigeminal and facial nerves are frequently associated with these conditions.Scala Vestibuli: The upper chamber of the COCHLEA that is filled with PERILYMPH. It is connected to SCALA TYMPANI via helicotrema at the apex of the cochlea.Glomus Tympanicum Tumor: A rare PARAGANGLIOMA involving the GLOMUS TYMPANICUM, a collection of chemoreceptor tissue adjacent to the TYMPANIC CAVITY. It can cause TINNITUS and conductive hearing loss (HEARING LOSS, CONDUCTIVE).Scala Tympani: The lower chamber of the COCHLEA, extending from the round window to the helicotrema (the opening at the apex that connects the PERILYMPH-filled spaces of scala tympani and SCALA VESTIBULI).Chorda Tympani Nerve: A branch of the facial (7th cranial) nerve which passes through the middle ear and continues through the petrotympanic fissure. The chorda tympani nerve carries taste sensation from the anterior two-thirds of the tongue and conveys parasympathetic efferents to the salivary glands.Stress, Physiological: The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.Space Flight: Travel beyond the earth's atmosphere.Hot Springs: Habitat of hot water naturally heated by underlying geologic processes. Surface hot springs have been used for BALNEOLOGY. Underwater hot springs are called HYDROTHERMAL VENTS.Spores, Bacterial: Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.Avihepadnavirus: A genus of HEPADNAVIRIDAE infecting birds but rarely causing clinical problems. Transmission is predominantly vertical. HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK is the type species.Encephalitis Virus, Eastern Equine: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.Rift Valley fever virus: A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.Rift Valley Fever: An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.Norwalk virus: The type species in the genus NOROVIRUS, first isolated in 1968 from the stools of school children in Norwalk, Ohio, who were suffering from GASTROENTERITIS. The virions are non-enveloped spherical particles containing a single protein. Multiple strains are named after the places where outbreaks have occurred.Rotavirus: A genus of REOVIRIDAE, causing acute gastroenteritis in BIRDS and MAMMALS, including humans. Transmission is horizontal and by environmental contamination. Seven species (Rotaviruses A thru G) are recognized.Hepatitis B Virus, Duck: A DNA virus that closely resembles human hepatitis B virus. It has been recovered from naturally infected ducks.Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship: A quantitative prediction of the biological, ecotoxicological or pharmaceutical activity of a molecule. It is based upon structure and activity information gathered from a series of similar compounds.Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method.Tyrosine-tRNA Ligase: An enzyme that activates tyrosine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.1.Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.Gram-Positive Bacteria: Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Micrococcus luteus: A species of gram-positive, spherical bacteria whose organisms occur in tetrads and in irregular clusters of tetrads. The primary habitat is mammalian skin.Acetamides: Derivatives of acetamide that are used as solvents, as mild irritants, and in organic synthesis.Polymyxin B: A mixture of polymyxins B1 and B2, obtained from Bacillus polymyxa strains. They are basic polypeptides of about eight amino acids and have cationic detergent action on cell membranes. Polymyxin B is used for infections with gram-negative organisms, but may be neurotoxic and nephrotoxic.Suspensions: Colloids with liquid continuous phase and solid dispersed phase; the term is used loosely also for solid-in-gas (AEROSOLS) and other colloidal systems; water-insoluble drugs may be given as suspensions.Polymyxins: Basic lipopeptide antibiotic group obtained from Bacillus polymyxa. They affect the cell membrane by detergent action and may cause neuromuscular and kidney damage. At least eleven different members of the polymyxin group have been identified, each designated by a letter.Ophthalmic Solutions: Sterile solutions that are intended for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS.Conjunctivitis, Allergic: Conjunctivitis due to hypersensitivity to various allergens.Neomycin: Antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces fradiae. It is composed of neomycins A, B, and C. It acts by inhibiting translation during protein synthesis.Hydrocortisone: The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.Geobacillus: A genus of gram-positive, endospore-forming, thermophilic bacteria in the family BACILLACEAE.Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride: An enzyme inhibitor that inactivates IRC-50 arvin, subtilisin, and the fatty acid synthetase complex.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Antigens, Neoplasm: Proteins, glycoprotein, or lipoprotein moieties on surfaces of tumor cells that are usually identified by monoclonal antibodies. Many of these are of either embryonic or viral origin.Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.Carbohydrates: The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.Cancer Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines designed to prevent or treat cancer. Vaccines are produced using the patient's own whole tumor cells as the source of antigens, or using tumor-specific antigens, often recombinantly produced.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Bartonellaceae: A family of small gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are parasites of erythrocytes in man and other vertebrates and the etiologic agents of several diseases.Sphingomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria characterized by an outer membrane that contains glycosphingolipids but lacks lipopolysaccharide. They have the ability to degrade a broad range of substituted aromatic compounds.Alphaproteobacteria: A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised mostly of two major phenotypes: purple non-sulfur bacteria and aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria.Sphingomonadaceae: A family of gram-negative, asporogenous rods or ovoid cells, aerobic or facultative anaerobic chemoorganotrophs. They are commonly isolated from SOIL, activated sludge, or marine environments.Bartonellaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family BARTONELLACEAE.Proteobacteria: A phylum of bacteria consisting of the purple bacteria and their relatives which form a branch of the eubacterial tree. This group of predominantly gram-negative bacteria is classified based on homology of equivalent nucleotide sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA or by hybridization of ribosomal RNA or DNA with 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA.Caulobacter: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod- or vibroid-shaped or fusiform bacteria that commonly produce a stalk. They are found in fresh water and soil and divide by binary transverse fission.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Paecilomyces: A mitosporic fungal genus occasionally causing human diseases such as pulmonary infections, mycotic keratitis, endocarditis, and opportunistic infections. Its teleomorph is BYSSOCHLAMYS.Societies, Pharmaceutical: Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.Hypocreales: An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA that includes a number of species which are parasitic on higher plants, insects, or fungi. Other species are saprotrophic.Tai Ji: One of the MARTIAL ARTS and also a form of meditative exercise using methodically slow circular stretching movements and positions of body balance.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.

Facklamia languida sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. (1/43)

Three strains of a gram-positive catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccus-shaped organism originating from human clinical samples were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Sequencing of genes encoding 16S rRNA showed that the strains are phylogenetically closely related (99.9 to 100% sequence similarity) and represent a new subline within the genus Facklamia. The unknown bacterium was readily distinguished from all currently described species of the genus Facklamia (viz., Facklamia hominis, Facklamia ignava, and Facklamia sourekii) by biochemical tests and electrophoretic analysis of whole-cell proteins. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium be classified as Facklamia languida sp. nov. The type strain of F. languida is CCUG 37842.  (+info)

Experimental infection of pregnant cows with Bacillus licheniformis bacteria. (2/43)

To study the abortifacient potential and fetoplacental tropism of Bacillus licheniformis bacteria, eight cows in the sixth to eighth month of gestation were inoculated intravenously either once (n = 4) or on four successive days (n = 4) with B. licheniformis at doses ranging from 10(9) to 10(12) colony-forming units. Cows were euthanatized and necropsied prior to abortion (n = 2), at the time of abortion (n = 2), or at calving (n = 4). Live-born calves (n = 5) were euthanatized immediately after delivery and necropsied. B. licheniformis was reisolated from placentomes/endometrium in six of eight (75%) cows and from one fetus aborted 43 days after inoculation. Lesions associated with B. licheniformis were restricted to the pregnant uterus, with the exception of one cow, which developed pneumonia. Necrosis in the fetal compartment of the placenta were present in three of four (75%) cows of both inoculation groups. Lesions were mainly restricted to fetal membranes and especially to the fetal side of the placentomes. Necrosis and diffuse neutrophil infiltrations of both villi and intervillous areas occurred in the fetal part of the placenta, and the placentomal interface was distended by bacteria, neutrophils, erythrocytes, and debris. Within trophoblasts, bacteria were located both free in the cytoplasm and in cytoplasmatic vesicles. Inflammation was present in three of eight (38%) calves. Placental and fetal lesions were similar to those found in cases of spontaneous abortions associated with B. licheniformis. The abortifacient potential of B. licheniformis and the tropism for the bovine placenta is demonstrated here for the first time.  (+info)

Nosocomial pseudoepidemic caused by Bacillus cereus traced to contaminated ethyl alcohol from a liquor factory. (3/43)

From September 1990 to October 1990, 15 patients who were admitted to four different departments of the National Taiwan University Hospital, including nine patients in the emergency department, three in the hematology/oncology ward, two in the surgical intensive care unit, and one in a pediatric ward, were found to have positive blood (14 patients) or pleural effusion (1 patient) cultures for Bacillus cereus. After extensive surveillance cultures, 19 additional isolates of B. cereus were recovered from 70% ethyl alcohol that had been used as a skin disinfectant (14 isolates from different locations in the hospital) and from 95% ethyl alcohol (5 isolates from five alcohol tanks in the pharmacy department), and 10 isolates were recovered from 95% ethyl alcohol from the factory which supplied the alcohol to the hospital. In addition to these 44 isolates of B. cereus, 12 epidemiologically unrelated B. cereus isolates, one Bacillus sphaericus isolate from a blood specimen from a patient seen in May 1990, and two B. sphaericus isolates from 95% alcohol in the liquor factory were also studied for their microbiological relatedness. Among these isolates, antibiotypes were determined by using the disk diffusion method and the E test, biotypes were created with the results of the Vitek Bacillus Biochemical Card test, and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) patterns were generated by arbitrarily primed PCR. Two clones of the 15 B. cereus isolates recovered from patients were identified (clone A from 2 patients and clone B from 13 patients), and all 29 isolates of B. cereus recovered from 70 or 95% ethyl alcohol in the hospital or in the factory belonged to clone B. The antibiotype and RAPD pattern of the B. sphaericus isolate from the patient were different from those of isolates from the factory. Our data show that the pseudoepidemic was caused by a clone (clone B) of B. cereus from contaminated 70% ethyl alcohol used in the hospital, which we successfully traced to preexisting contaminated 95% ethyl alcohol from the supplier, and by another clone (clone A) without an identifiable source.  (+info)

Ontogeny and behaviour of early macrophages in the zebrafish embryo. (4/43)

In the zebrafish embryo, the only known site of hemopoieisis is an intra-embryonic blood island at the junction between trunk and tail that gives rise to erythroid cells. Using video-enhanced differential interference contrast microscopy, as well as in-situ hybridization for the expression of two new hemopoietic marker genes, draculin and leucocyte-specific plastin, we show that macrophages appear in the embryo at least as early as erythroid cells, but originate from ventro-lateral mesoderm situated at the other end of the embryo, just anterior to the cardiac field. These macrophage precursors migrate to the yolksac, and differentiate. From the yolksac, many invade the mesenchyme of the head, while others join the blood circulation. Apart from phagocytosing apoptotic corpses, these macrophages were observed to engulf and destroy large amounts of bacteria injected intravenously; the macrophages also sensed the presence of bacteria injected into body cavities that are isolated from the blood, migrated into these cavities and eradicated the microorganisms. Moreover, we observed that although only a fraction of the macrophage population goes to the site of infection, the entire population acquires an activated behaviour, similar to that of activated macrophages in mammals. Our results support the notion that in vertebrate embryos, macrophages endowed with proliferative capacity arise early from the hemopoietic lineage through a non-classical, rapid differentiation pathway, which bypasses the monocytic series that is well-documented in adult hemopoietic organs.  (+info)

Persistent Bacillus licheniformis bacteremia associated with an international injection of organic drain cleaner. (5/43)

In recent years manufacturers have developed several products containing saprophytic bacteria, previously believed to be of minimal pathogenicity. We describe the first case of persistent Bacillus licheniformis bacteremia occurring after intentional injection of a consumer product that includes B. licheniformis spores. We postulate that these spores remained in the tissue, unaffected by antimicrobials, ultimately necessitating soft-tissue debridement of the area surrounding the injection site. On the basis of this case and a review of the literature, we submit that some consumer products contain bacteria with demonstrated pathogenicity. Manufacturers should study these bacteria in detail in order to rapidly provide information such as bacteriologic data and antimicrobial susceptibility data to clinicians.  (+info)

A novel surfactant nanoemulsion with broad-spectrum sporicidal activity against Bacillus species. (6/43)

Two nontoxic, antimicrobial nanoemulsions, BCTP and BCTP 401, have been developed. These emulsions are composed of detergents and oils in 80% water. BCTP diluted up to 1:1000 inactivated>90% of Bacillus anthracis spores in 4 h and was also sporicidal against three other Bacillus species. This sporicidal activity is due to disruption of the spore coat after initiation of germination without complete outgrowth. BCTP 401 diluted 1:1000 had greater activity than BCTP against Bacillus spores and had an onset of action of <30 min. Mixing BCTP or BCTP 401 with Bacillus cereus prior to subcutaneous injection in mice reduced the resulting skin lesion by 99%. Wound irrigation with BCTP 1 h after spore inoculation yielded a 98% reduction in skin lesion size, and mortality was reduced 3-fold. These nanoemulsion formulas are stable, easily dispersed, nonirritant, and nontoxic compared with other available sporicidal agents.  (+info)

Effects of intramammary infection and parity on calf weaning weight and milk quality in beef cows. (7/43)

The objectives of this study were to determine 1) the effect of intramammary infection on calf weaning weight, milk somatic cell count, and milk composition, and 2) the effect of parity on percentages of infected cows, infected quarters, and blind quarters. The number of infected quarters, milk somatic cell counts, milk components, and intramammary infection were studied at weaning in 164 beef cows. The percentage of infected cows ranged from 61.9% at first parity to 66.7% at fifth to ninth parities. Cows with three or four infected quarters had higher (P < .01) milk somatic cell counts than cows with zero, one, or two infected quarters. Among bacterial isolates, Staphylococcus aureus-infected quarters had the highest (P < .01) milk somatic cell count. Percentages of butterfat and lactose were lower (P < .01) in milk from infected quarters than from uninfected quarters. Infections by S. aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most common and accounted for 67 to 78% of the infections. Percentages of infected quarters and infections caused by S. aureus increased with parity (P < .01). Intramammary infections did not affect (P > .10) calf weaning weight. In conclusion, intramammary infection had no effect on calf weaning weight but increased milk somatic cell count and decreased the percentage of protein, lactose, solids-not-fat, and butterfat. The number of infected and blind mammary quarters increased with parity.  (+info)

Outbreak of Bacillus cereus infections in a neonatal intensive care unit traced to balloons used in manual ventilation. (8/43)

In 1998, an outbreak of systemic infections caused by Bacillus cereus occurred in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Three neonates developed sepsis with positive blood cultures. One neonate died, and the other two neonates recovered. An environmental survey, a prospective surveillance study of neonates, and a case control study were performed, in combination with molecular typing, in order to identify potential sources and transmission routes of infection. Genotypic fingerprinting by amplified-fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) showed that the three infections were caused by a single clonal type of B. cereus. The same strain was found in trachea aspirate specimens of 35 other neonates. The case control study showed mechanical ventilation with a Sensormedics ventilation machine to be a risk factor for colonization and/or infection (odds ratio, 9.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 88.2). Prospective surveillance showed that colonization with B. cereus occurred exclusively in the respiratory tract of mechanically ventilated neonates. The epidemic strain of B. cereus was found on the hands of nursing staff and in balloons used for manual ventilation. Sterilization of these balloons ended the outbreak. We conclude that B. cereus can cause outbreaks of severe opportunistic infection in neonates. Typing by AFLP proved very useful in the identification of the outbreak and in the analysis of strains recovered from the environment to trace the cause of the epidemic.  (+info)

*List of MeSH codes (C01)

... nocardia infections MeSH C01.252.410.040.692.606 --- maduromycosis MeSH C01.252.410.090 --- bacillaceae infections MeSH C01.252 ... bacteroides infections MeSH C01.252.400.126 --- bartonellaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.126.100 --- bartonella infections ... acinetobacter infections MeSH C01.252.400.610 --- mycoplasmatales infections MeSH C01.252.400.610.610 --- mycoplasma infections ... bordetella infections MeSH C01.252.400.143.740 --- whooping cough MeSH C01.252.400.155 --- borrelia infections MeSH C01.252. ...

*Bacterial taxonomy

Lan, R; Reeves, PR (2002). "Escherichia coli in disguise: molecular origins of Shigella". Microbes and infection / Institut ... Bacillaceae, and Spirillaceae but also Trichobacterinae for filamentous bacteria; Orla-Jensen established 2 orders: ...
Waggie, K S.; Hansen, C T.; Ganaway, J R.; and Spencer, T S., "A study of mouse strain susceptibility to bacillus piliformis (tyzzers disease): the association of b-cell function and resistance." (1981). Subject Strain Bibliography 1981. 2192 ...
The authors used to designate it just as b04i-3**T** or B04I-3**T** without KCTC number from the web site, probably because the information was registered to NCBI before the strain got an official KCTC number. A peroxide-degrading //​Bacillus//​ isolate (strain PLC9 =KACC 91464P) was named after it based on 100% 16S rRNA sequence similarity to KCTC 13219 (New bacteria //Bacillus nitroreducens//​ PLC9 with hydrogen peroxide-degrading activity with high survival rate in hydrogen peroxide. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2013, 169:​701-711. PMID: [[http://​www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/​pubmed/​23271626,23271626 ...
MetabolismBiosynthesis of cofactors, prosthetic groups, and carriersGlutathione and analogsN-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosaminyl L-malate synthase BshA (TIGR03999; EC 2.4.1.-; HMM-score: 96.3) ...
MetabolismBiosynthesis of cofactors, prosthetic groups, and carriersGlutathione and analogsN-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosaminyl L-malate synthase BshA (TIGR03999; EC 2.4.1.-; HMM-score: 51.1) ...
Two strains of a Gram-positive catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccus originating from human sources were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The strains were found to be identical to each other based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing and constitute a new subline within the genus Facklamia. The unknown bacterium was readily distinguished from Facklamis hominis and Facklamia ignava by biochemical tests and electrophoretic analysis of whole-cell proteins. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence it is proposed that the unknown bacterium be classified as Facklamia sourekii sp. nov., the type strain of which is CCUG 28783AT.
The most distinguishing feature of most members of the family Bacillaceae (phylum Firmicutes) is their ability to form endospores that provide high resistance to heat, radiation, chemicals, and drought, allowing these bacteria to survive adverse conditions for a prolonged period of time. Bacillaceae are widely distributed in natural environments, and their habitats are as varied as the niches humans have thought to sample. Over the years of microbiological research, members of this family have been found in soil, sediment, and air, as well as in unconventional environments such as clean rooms in the Kennedy Space Center, a vaccine-producing company, and even human blood ( 1 - 3 ). Moreover, members of the Bacillaceae have been detected in freshwater and marine ecosystems, in activated sludge, in human and animal systems, and in various foods (including fermented foods), but recently also in extreme environments such as hot solid and liquid systems (compost and hot springs, respectively), salt lakes, and
Biocompare product reviews can cover any kit, reagent, antibody, or piece of equipment you use in your lab and are a great forum for researchers seeking to determine if a particular product will work for them.. All you need is a unique image, protocol information, and some helpful notes or tips on how to best use the product or service.. Not only are reviews a valuable resource for researchers looking to save time and money but all reviews that are accepted for publication earns you an Amazon Gift Card!*. Click Here to Write Your Review for XpressBio. ...
Microbial utilization of uncommon C4 dicarboxylate L-tartrate is largely anaerobic, with aerobic L-tartrate utilization known for few bacterial species including Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides and Pseudomonas putida. Aerobic L-tartrate-utilizing microbes could be industrially relevant owing to the efficient nature of the bioprocess and catalytic versatility of tartrate dehydrogenase (TDH) responsible for aerobic catabolism of L-tartrate. Present work involves isolation and characterization of Bacillus strains capable of aerobic L-tartrate utilization and its correlation with occurrence of TDH activity. Two out of 37 isolates, IC1-G and IC1-Y were identified as Bacillus megaterium spp. showing efficient aerobic growth, utilizing ~3.7 and 2.8 mM L-tartrate respectively at the end of 48 h. Several organic acids possibly including oxalic, succinic and citric acids were secreted as by-products of L-tartrate metabolism. Utilization of L-tartrate directly correlated with induction of TDH activity by ~3.2 ...
Spores of bacteria of Bacillus species are extraordinarily resistant to all manner of harsh treatments, and largely because of this resistance, spores of some Bacillus species are major agents of food spoilage and food-borne and other diseases (eg-Bacillus anthracis). The conversion of a dormant Bacillus spore into a vegetative bacterium by the process of spore germination is also a relatively simple differentiating system that is readily amenable to both biochemical and genetic analysis. While much has been learned in recent years on the mechanisms of spore resistance and germination, there is still much that is unknown. Dr. Setlows laboratory has ongoing multidisciplinary research projects attempting to determine: 1) the mechanisms involved in the extraordinary resistance of spores to heat and oxidizing agents; 2) the mechanism(s) of spore germination and its heterogeneity; and 3) the structure and organization of the inner membrane of spores. Methods used in these projects include: 1) ...
EFSA provides applicants with guidance on how to conduct safety assessment of feed additives containing or produced from Bacillus species. Bacillus species are bacteria commonly used in feed as probiotics or as sources of other feed additives. Some strains produce toxins that can cause food-borne diseases in humans, producing symptoms such as diarrhoea, nausea, or vomiting.
The Hippo signaling pathway was originally discovered in Drosophila melanogaster and has recently emerged as a potent regulator of cell proliferation and organ size (Badouel et al., 2009; Zhang et al., 2009b). Several components of the pathway act as tumor suppressors or as protooncogenes (Harvey and Tapon, 2007). Core components of the Hippo pathway include the upstream activator Merlin/Nf2 (Hamaratoglu et al., 2006), a gene that is mutated in tumors of nervous tissue (Trofatter et al., 1993; Ruttledge et al., 1994) and in renal cell carcinoma (Forbes et al., 2008; Morris and McClatchey, 2009; Dalgliesh et al., 2010), the Ser/Thr kinases MST1/2 (mammalian STE20 kinases 1 and 2) and Lats1/2 (large tumor suppressor 1 and 2), together with their coactivators WW45 and Mob. In the active state, Lats1/2 phosphorylates the transcriptional activators Yes-associated protein (YAP) and TAZ (transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding domain). This results in their cytoplasmic retention by binding to ...
Fong CS, Ozaki K, Tsou MB*. (2018). PPP1R35 ensures centriole homeostasis by promoting centriole-to-centrosome conversion. Mol Biol Cell. 29(23):2801-2808.. Yang TT, Chong WM, Wang WJ, Mazo G, Tanos B, Chen Z, Tran TMN, Chen YD, Weng RR, Huang CE, Jane WN, Tsou MB*, Liao JC*. (2018). Architecture of mammalian centriole distal appendages accommodates distinct blade and matrix functional elements. Nature Communication. 9(1):2023. (*Co-corresponding authors).. Shulman AS, Tsou MF*. (2017). Probing Cilia-Associated Signaling Proteomes in Animal Evolution. Dev Cell. 43(6):653-655.. Mazo G, Soplop N, Wang WJ, Uryu K, and Tsou MF*. (2016). Spatial control of primary ciliogenesis by subdistal appendages alters sensation-associated properties of cilia. Dev Cell. 39(4):424-437.. Kim M, ORourke BP, Soni RK, Jallepalli PV, Hendrickson RC, Tsou MF*. (2016). Promotion and suppression of centriole duplication are catalytically coupled through PLK4 to ensure centriole homeostasis. Cell Rep. ...
Rhizosphere bacteria are one of the most potential biological control agents in the plant disease protection. Bacillus species as a group offer several advantages over other bacteria for protection against pathogens because of their ability to form endospores, and because of the broad-spectrum activity of their antibiotics. Five soil samples from tomato rhizosphere were collected from shambat area, Khartoum State, Sudan. Bacillus isolates were isolated from the rhizosphere of tomato to use as natural bio-control agents. They were screened for antagonism in vitro against Alternaria alternata causal agents of early blight disease of tomato. Serial dilution technique was adopted for the isolation of Bacillus species. Only 27 out of 45 Bacillus isolates showed antagonistic properties. Four out of the 27 isolates showed antagonism (Bacillus B25, B35, B41, B45) were identified to the species level by bacteriological assay (morphological and biochemical tests).
Discrimination by automatic ribotyping and random amplified polymorphic DNA PCR, RAPD, was compared for 40 different B. cereus dairy isolates, 4 different B. mycoides isolates and 6 culture collection strains. RAPD-PCR has previously shown to be useful for tracing contamination routes of B. cereus to milk. Automatic ribotyping using EcoRI and PvuII separated the B. cereus and B. mycoides isolates/strains into 36 different ribotypes. RAPD-typing with primers generated 40 different RAPD-profiles. However, 17 isolates clustered into eight groups, irrespective of the primer and restriction enzyme used, and in all but one case, the isolates with the same pattern were isolated from the same dairy. Automatic ribotyping proved to be a useful, standardized and quick method to discriminate between B. cereus strains, only slightly less discriminatory than RAPD-typing.. ...
Members of genus Gordonia are widely distributed in nature, and about 29 species have been identified. From 1996 to 2015, only 16 cases of infections caused by Gordonia sputi were reported worldwide, most of which were catheter related, such as contaminated central venous catheters and chest tubes, in a setting of immunocompromised status [7-9]. Gordonia spp. infection usually has a subacute or chronic course, sometimes resembling fungi infection. The patient in this case presented with vision blurred about 10 days after the iron foreign body penetrating, showing multiple clusters of white purulent lesions in the anterior chamber, vitreous cavity and on the retina, without obvious pain, which might clinically indicate a less virulent bacteria or fungi infection. According to the contemporary gram stain and its reaction to intravitreal antibiotic a gram-positive bacilli infection was presumed, and further molecular examinations confirmed the pathogen as Gordonia sputi. So, when facing a subacute ...
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Cellualse is one of the most important enzymes used in textile, detergent, paper, food and feed industries. Therefore, a study was undertaken to isolate Bacillus bacteria having the potential to produce cellulase from soil samples. 24 soil samples were analyzed and 54 presumptive Bacillus isolates were isolated after heating the soil samples at 80°C for 10 min. Among them 45 isolates showed enzyme activity ranging from 0.003 to 0.17 U/ml in test tubes containing 5 ml medium composed of (g/L) glucose 0.5 gm, peptone 0.75 gm, FeSO4 0.01 gm, KH2PO4 0.5 gm, and MgSO4 0.5 gm at 120 rpm, 37° C and pH 7. Among them 1RW, 2WS, 3YR, 4WT, 6 RR, and 9SS showed 0.17, 0.15, 0.14, 0.15, 0.147 and 0.14U/ml enzyme activities, respectively. Production of cellulase by these isolates was further scaled up to shake culture containing 50 ml medium similar to that used in test tube culture. Among the isolates 1 RW showed the maximum activity. This 1 RW was identified by API kit and showed that 59 % belongs to ...
Research underway with M.S. students; undergraduate students also involved to varying degrees:. Project #1 - Discovery of new viruses that infect dairy spoilage bacteria. M.S. student research project with expected completion date 5/2017. Current status = ~ 1⁄2 complete as of 5.20.2016.. Many Bacillus species are able to form spores, and therefore can survive some forms of pasteurization. In this study, soil samples around campus will be screened for novel bacterial-specific viruses, termed phages, which are specific to toxigenic strains of Bacillus. Once phages have been detected, they will be characterized using both SEM and TEM microscopy. They will also be DNA sequenced. These new phages could be used for detection and control of toxigenic strains of Bacillus in dairy foods, where they pose many costly problems during yogurt and cheese production. Using phages as a method for controlling spoilage causing and pathogenic bacteria is an idea that has recently been reintroduced in the dairy ...
J:74701 Hou X, Mrug M, Yoder BK, Lefkowitz EJ, Kremmidiotis G, DEustachio P, Beier DR, Guay-Woodford LM, Cystin, a novel cilia-associated protein, is disrupted in the cpk mouse model of polycystic kidney disease. J Clin Invest. 2002 Feb;109(4):533-40 ...
The virus, which causes coughing, fever and sometimes fatal pneumonia, has been reported in more than 500 patients, mainly in Saudi Arabia, and has spread to neighboring countries, as well as in a few cases to Europe, Asia and the United States. It kills about 30 percent of those who are infected.
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This immunocytochemical study evaluates the presence of IgG1C4, IgA and IgE immunoglobulins in active lesions of 25 localized cutaneous leishmaniasis patients from three bioclimatic areas (Awa, Afa and Bsha) in Mrida State, Venezuela. regularly in patients through the Awa region than in those through the Bsha area. The predominant expression of isotypes IgG2 and IgG1 suggests a preferential Th1 like immune response. Anti-immunoserum stained just parasites and their particles, suggesting that a lot of from the immunostaining was non-specific. 1989; Islam 1991). Consequently, its been broadly reported how the isotype serum antibodies could be utilized as an sign for Th lymphocyte subset dominance (Finkelman 1990). Histopathological and immunocytochemical research demonstrating the great quantity of plasma cells and IgM, IgG and IgE antibodies complexed to antigens in the infiltrate of human and experimental lesions suggest that the humoral response might influence the elimination of the parasite ...
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King, H.S., & Bell, A.C. (1932). The detection of methanol in the presence of ethyl alcohol. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science, 18(1), 11-13 ...
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The University of Alberta must maintain control records for all ethyl alcohol purchases. For the University of Alberta to pay lesser rates of duty on purchases, we are obligated to show that the distributions are strictly for educational and research purposes. Regulations from Revenue Canada, Excise Duty Division stipulate that records must be maintained until the alcohol is used. The responsibility is on each department/laboratory to keep accurate usage records and to ensure that all ethyl alcohol is kept in locked storage ...
Bacillus Cereus Bacillus cereus is a rod-shaped gram- positive bacillus that can be found in food, dust, dirt and sometimes soil. It is an aerobe and a
Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning is it contagious? Contagiousness of Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning including infectiousness, transmission, and contagion methods and vectors.
Bacillus cereus ATCC ® 12826™ Designation: Type Strain A, variant IV TypeStrain=False Application: Sporicidal test Bacteriophage host
Avaliação da prevalência de bacillus cereus em leite pasteurizado e comportamento desse microrganismo durante armazenamento sob temperatura crítica de ...
Un factor limitante en la producción de papa es la escasez de tubérculo semilla de papa libre de patógenos; por lo tanto, es necesario encontrar nuevas alternativas de producción de tubérculo semilla en forma eficiente ...
Baldassarre, D. T., T. A. White, J. Karubian and M. S. Webster (2014). "Genomic and morphological analysis of a semipermeable avian hybrid zone suggests asymmetrical introgression of a sexual signal." Evolution 68(9): 2644-2657.. Benites, P., L. Campagna and P. L. Tubaro (2014). "Song-based species discrimination in a rapid Neotropical radiation of grassland seedeaters." Journal of Avian Biology: n/a-n/a.. Burns, K. J., A. J. Shultz, P. O. Title, N. A. Mason, F. K. Barker, J. Klicka, S. M. Lanyon and I. J. Lovette (2014). "Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75: 41-77.. Campagna, L., C. Kopuchian, P. L. Tubaro and S. C. Lougheed (2014). "Secondary contact followed by gene flow between divergent mitochondrial lineages of a widespread Neotropical songbird (Zonotrichia capensis)." Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 111(4): 863-868.. Dickinson, J. L., E. D. Ferree, C. ...
Bacillus cereus ATCC ® 10987D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Bacillus cereus strain NRS 248 TypeStrain=False Application:
Home testing and Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning, diagnostic tests, self assessment, and other tools and products in relation to Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning.
Specifically dimethylates two adjacent adenosines (A1518 and A1519) in the loop of a conserved hairpin near the 3-end of 16S rRNA in the 30S particle. May play a critical role in biogenesis of 30S subunits.
... It is gram positive rod shaped bacilli with square ends. It contains spores with central spores and is 1x3-4 µm in size.
216 S11-E2 Page 2 Name Key I. (9 points) Answer in the boxes below the following questions for the Grignard reagent C 3 -Mg. (1) (2 points) Is the carbon atom associated with magnesium electrophilic or
Click on the image to learn more about specific features. Alternatively you may view this image with all annotations, or with the introductory comments. ...
Bacillus cereus is a Gram positive rod-shaped aerobic, endospore-forming bacterium. Strains of B. cereus are widely distributed in the environment, mainly in soil, from where they easily spread to many types of foods, especially of vegetable origin, as well as meat, eggs, milk, and dairy products. This bacterium is one of the leading causes of food poisoning in the developed world. B. cereus causes two types of food-borne intoxications. One type is characterized by nausea and vomiting and abdominal cramps and has an incubation period of 1 to 6 hours. This is the "short-incubation" or emetic form of the disease. The second type is manifested primarily by abdominal cramps and diarrhea with an incubation period of 8 to 16 hours. This type is referred to as the "long-incubation" or diarrheal form of the disease [1, 2].. Different strategies may be employed to prevent B. cereus poisoning, like heating food above 75°C before use to kill vegetative cells. However, increasing trends for use of packed ...
While there has been a proliferation in interest surrounding mucin production in IPF, the importance of cilia has received much less attention. The fascinating gene expression study from Yang et al6 in this edition of Thorax seems set to change this. The authors performed comparative RNA microarray analysis on lung tissue from 119 patients with well-characterised IPF and from patients with brain death whose lungs were considered unusable for lung transplantation. Genes differentially expressed in IPF were interrogated using hierarchical clustering, yielding two subgroups of IPF differentiated by distinct expression profiles. Intriguingly, the strongest signal distinguishing the two cohorts of patients with IPF appeared to come from cilia-associated genes and their structural components (DNAH6, DNAH7, DNAI1 and RPGRIP1L) as well as MUC5B. The authors broadly replicated their findings in lung tissue from an independent cohort with IPF. Interestingly, the two IPF cohorts were indistinguishable ...
Though Bacillus species has frequently been reported to cause nosocomial pseudobacteremia or pseudo-outbreaks, few previous reports have used molecular methods to document the clonality of the epidemic strains and to trace the source of contamination (11). Among these pseudoepidemics due to Bacillusspecies, B. cereus was identified on a few occasions and has been demonstrated to be associated with contamination of air filtration systems in pediatric and maternity units, ventilator equipment in an intensive care unit, and a water bath in a microbiology laboratory (1, 4, 11, 14, 20). Two important points have been elucidated in the present study. First, this is the first report to document that a nosocomial pseudoepidemic caused by B. cereus was due to contaminated ethyl alcohol used as a skin disinfectant and successfully traced back to the source of contamination from the alcohol supplier outside the hospital. Second, RAPD analysis by the APPCR technique and MIC antibiotyping provided ...
Bacillus cereus causes two types of food poisoning. One of its toxins causes vomiting and another causes diarrhea. Some unlucky people get both types at once.
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Steps to Identify B. cereus for your microbiology unknown lab report. Paper includes Introduction, Methods, Materials, Results and Discussion/Conclusion.
Steps to Identify B. cereus for your microbiology unknown lab report. Paper includes Introduction, Methods, Materials, Results and Discussion/Conclusion.
Al-Kaabi, Nasser; A. Al-Ghouti, Mohammad; Oualha, Meriam; Yousaf Mohammad, Mohammad; Al-Naemi, Aziza; I. Sølling, Theis; Al-Shamari, Noora; Zouari, Nabil... more authors ... less authors ...
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Net weight: 130 grams. "A sample of the above product, collected at a supermarket in Yuen Long, was found to be contaminated with Bacillus cereus last week. During follow-up investigation on the same day, the CFS collected another sample from the same batch of the product from another supermarket in Yuen Long for testing. The test result showed that the sample contained Bacillus cereus at a level of 200,000 per gram," a CFS spokesman said.. Upon notification of the contamination of the affected batch of bottled preserved bean curd with Bacillus cereus last week, the Centre urged the public and the trade not to eat or sell the product in question, and contacted the importer/distributor concerned immediately to trace the distribution of the food item concerned and instructed it to recall the affected batch of the product. CFS staff also conducted inspections at local retail outlets afterwards and no affected product was found available for sale.. According to the "Microbiological Guidelines for ...
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Bacillus cereus occurs naturally in most foods, but usually not in high enough numbers to make people sick. Bacillus cereus survives the drying process by producing resistant spores. When potato flakes are rehydrated, the spores can germinate and bacteria multiply. These can produce a toxin if the food is not eaten immediately, and is left sitting at room temperature for a few hours.. Again, further cooking or reheating will not get rid of this toxin.. ...
Bacillus species answers are found in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
BioAssay record AID 40322 submitted by ChEMBL: In vitro minimum inhibitory concentration against Bacillus cereus (GC 4561) assay organism.
Domain architecture and assignment details (superfamily, family, region, evalue) for gi|225862150|ref|YP_002747528.1| from Bacillus cereus 03BB102. Plus protein sequence and external database links.
Aim: The present study was undertaken to describe the biotyping of Bacillus cereus isolated from different street vended mutton tikka and chutney samples. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 street vended food samples comprising of 60 mutton tikka and 40 chutney samples were tested. Results: The biotype 3 and biotype 4 showed the highest occurrence with, 29.63% and 25.93% isolates falling in these biotypes, respectively. The percentage occurrence of the biotypes 1, 6, 2, 5, and 7 was 14.81%, 11.11%, 7.40%, 7.40% and 3.84%, respectively. The most common found biotypes in Mutton tikka were biotypes 3(29.63%), 4(25.93%), 1(14.81%) and 6(11.11%). The Bacillus cereus strains isolated from chutney samples could be divided into 7 of the 9 possible biotypes. The biotypes 6 and 7 showed the highest occurrence with 38.46% and 30.76% falling in these biotypes, respectively. The biotype 5 and 2 were prevalent to the extent of 23.07%, 7.69%, respectively. The biotypes 3, 4 and 1 were absent. The mean ...
4ESB: Crystal Structures of Two Transcriptional Regulators from Bacillus cereus Define the Conserved Structural Features of a PadR Subfamily.
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Bacillus; Bacillus cereus ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Bacillales; Bacillaceae; Bacillus; Bacillus cereus ...
ProteoGenex has a centralized biorepository of over 200,000 human clinical specimens in a wide variety of formats (FFPE & Frozen Tissues, Serum/Plasma, etc)
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Abstract The challenge of maintaining a cytoplasmic pH that is much lower than the external pH is central to the adaptation of extremely alkaliphilic Bacillus species to growth at ..

IUCr) Structure of the hypothetical DUF1811-family protein GK0453 from Geobacillus kaustophilus HTA426IUCr) Structure of the hypothetical DUF1811-family protein GK0453 from Geobacillus kaustophilus HTA426

G. kaustophilus, from the Bacillaceae family, was isolated from deep-sea sediment from the Mariana Trench (Takami et al., 1997 ... are from Bacillus and Staphylococcus species that are known to cause a wide variety of diseases such as nosocomial infections. ...
more infohttp://journals.iucr.org/f/issues/2013/04/00/sw5059/index.html

Bacillaceae infections | definition of Bacillaceae infections by Medical dictionaryBacillaceae infections | definition of Bacillaceae infections by Medical dictionary

What is Bacillaceae infections? Meaning of Bacillaceae infections medical term. What does Bacillaceae infections mean? ... Looking for online definition of Bacillaceae infections in the Medical Dictionary? Bacillaceae infections explanation free. ... Bacillaceae. (redirected from Bacillaceae infections). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia. Ba·cil·la·ce·ae. ( ... Bacillaceae infections , definition of Bacillaceae infections by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary. ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Bacillaceae+infections

Safety, Tolerability and Immunogenicity of Recombinant Anthrax Vaccine Compared With Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed - Full Text View ...Safety, Tolerability and Immunogenicity of Recombinant Anthrax Vaccine Compared With Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed - Full Text View ...

Bacillaceae Infections. Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections. Bacterial Infections. Vaccines. Aluminum Hydroxide. Immunologic ... Depending on the route of infection, anthrax disease can occur in three forms: cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and inhalation. In ... of inhaled and cutaneous anthrax infection that were related to contaminated mail. The development of a new anthrax vaccine is ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00170469

Monoclonal Antibody for Treatment of Inhalation Anthrax - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govMonoclonal Antibody for Treatment of Inhalation Anthrax - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Bacillaceae Infections. Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections. Bacterial Infections. Antibodies. Antibodies, Monoclonal. ... a bacterial infection). Approximately 36 male and female healthy volunteers ages 18 to 50 will be in this study. Participation ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00138411

Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)

Categories: Bacillaceae Infections Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
more infohttps://phil.cdc.gov/AdvancedSearchResults.aspx?Search=Bacillaceae+Infections&parentid=30960&catid=30882

Prevalence of Causes of Symptom: Gas gangrene  - RightDiagnosis.comPrevalence of Causes of Symptom: Gas gangrene - RightDiagnosis.com

Bacillaceae Infections... gas gangrene Symptoms related to Gas gangrene: Infection (851 causes), Green skin, Dark skin (110 ... Clostridium bacterial infection, Surgical wounds, Abdominal surgery, Intestinal perforation Gas gangrene type of: Gangrene (5 ...
more infohttps://www.rightdiagnosis.com/symptoms/gas_gangrene.htm

Gangrene - RightDiagnosis.comGangrene - RightDiagnosis.com

Bacillaceae Infections - gas gangrene *Bacterial infection *Buergers disease *Calcinosis cutis - gangrene *more causes...» See ... Bacillaceae Infections ... gas gangrene. C. *Claviceps purpurea poisoning ... gangrene. H. *Hernia ... gangrene. N. * ... Infection (1293 causes) *Green skin *Dark skin (136 causes) *Trauma *Frostbite (8 causes) *Embolism *Thrombosis *Buergers ... Infection (1293 causes), Green skin, Dark skin (136 causes), Trauma, Frostbite (8 causes), Embolism, Thrombosis, Buergers ...
more infohttp://www.rightdiagnosis.com/sym/gangrene.htm

CATSCLEM GEZONDHEID en ZIEKTE   -   HEALTH and DISEASECATSCLEM GEZONDHEID en ZIEKTE - HEALTH and DISEASE

BACILLACEAE INFECTIONS. Zie ook: BACTERI LE INFECTIES BACTERIAL INFECTIONS. Zie ook: GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIAL INFECTIONS. Zie ... Bacillaceae Infections BACILLAIRE DYSENTERIE BACILLARY DYSENTERY. Zie ook: BACTERI LE INFECTIES BACTERIAL INFECTIONS. Zie ook: ... Zie ook: URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS. BACTEROIDACEAE INFECTIONS. Zie ook: BACTERI LE INFECTIES BACTERIAL INFECTIONS. Zie ook: GRAM ... Zie ook: INFECTIES INFECTIONS. Zie ook: INFECTIOUS SKIN DISEASES. Zie ook: BACTERI LE INFECTIES BACTERIAL INFECTIONS. Zie ook: ...
more infohttp://www.catsclem.nl/medisch/medbad.htm

Hemocoel | definition of hemocoel by Medical dictionaryHemocoel | definition of hemocoel by Medical dictionary

Signs of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bacillales: Bacillaceae) infection in Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae): Kochs postulates ... a dense development of propagules of the entomopathogen occurred in the hemocoel 48 hours after infection.. Histopathological ... which is believed to mediate infection of the salivary glands).. Dengue emergence and adaptation to peridomestic mosquitoes ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/hemocoel

DeCS Ingl s+escopoDeCS Ingl s+escopo

C01.252 Bacterial Infections .. C01.252.410 Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections .. C01.252.410.090 Bacillaceae Infections .. ... Bacillus anthracis Infection .. Bacillus anthracis Infections .. An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria ... Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract ...
more infohttp://trigramas.bireme.br/cgi-bin/mx/[email protected]?collection=DeCSxi&lang=i&minsim=0.30&maxrel=10&text=Anthracyclines

ProductividadProductividad

Signs of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bacillales: Bacillaceae) infection in Myzuspersicae(Hemiptera: Aphididae): Koch´s postulates ...
more infohttp://menb.mx/index.php/alumnos/productividad

Bacillus cereus prosthetic valve endocarditis.  - PubMed - NCBIBacillus cereus prosthetic valve endocarditis. - PubMed - NCBI

Bacillaceae Infections/diagnosis*. *Bacillaceae Infections/therapy. *Bacillus cereus*. *Endocarditis, Bacterial/diagnosis*. * ... Infection in patients with valvular heart disease is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. We describe a case of ... Bacillus cereus is a ubiquitous organism that often contaminates microbiological cultures but rarely causes serious infections ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10617040?dopt=Abstract

Two cases of acute myelogenous leukemia with Bacillus cereus bacteremia resulting in fatal intracranial hemorrhage].  - PubMed ...Two cases of acute myelogenous leukemia with Bacillus cereus bacteremia resulting in fatal intracranial hemorrhage]. - PubMed ...

Bacillaceae Infections/complications*. *Bacillus cereus*. *Bacteremia/complications*. *Cerebral Hemorrhage/etiology*. *Fatal ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8295331?dopt=Abstract

Diseases - PrimePCR | Life Science | Bio-RadDiseases - PrimePCR | Life Science | Bio-Rad

Bacterial infections and mycoses. *Anthrax. *Bacillaceae infections. *Bacterial infections. *Bacterial infections and mycoses ...
more infohttp://www.bio-rad.com/en-us/prime-pcr-assays/pathway/diseases

economics (Topic) - University of Missouri Librarieseconomics (Topic) - University of Missouri Libraries

Bacillaceae Infections -- economics * Behavior, Addictive -- economics * Behavioral Medicine -- economics * Behavioral Sciences ...
more infohttp://link.library.missouri.edu/resource/cgM0_YoyfbA/

List of MeSH codes (C01) - WikipediaList of MeSH codes (C01) - Wikipedia

... nocardia infections MeSH C01.252.410.040.692.606 --- maduromycosis MeSH C01.252.410.090 --- bacillaceae infections MeSH C01.252 ... bacteroides infections MeSH C01.252.400.126 --- bartonellaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.126.100 --- bartonella infections ... acinetobacter infections MeSH C01.252.400.610 --- mycoplasmatales infections MeSH C01.252.400.610.610 --- mycoplasma infections ... bordetella infections MeSH C01.252.400.143.740 --- whooping cough MeSH C01.252.400.155 --- borrelia infections MeSH C01.252. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(C01)

CATSCLEM GEZONDHEID en ZIEKTE   -   HEALTH and DISEASECATSCLEM GEZONDHEID en ZIEKTE - HEALTH and DISEASE

Zie ook: GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIAL INFECTIONS. Zie ook: BACILLACEAE INFECTIONS. Zie ook: PUSTULA MALIGNA> *Wikipedia: Miltvuur * ... Zie ook: OORINFECTIES EAR INFECTION. *Ear Infections Describes the process that sets up middle ear infections. Includes a list ... Zie ook: BACTERI LE INFECTIES BACTERIAL INFECTIONS. Zie ook: GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIAL INFECTIONS. Zie ook: ACTINOMYCETALES ... INFECTIONS. Zie ook: BACTERI LE HUIDZIEKTEN BACTERIAL SKIN DISEASES. Zie ook: MYCOBACTERIUM INFECTIONS. Zie ook: TUBERCULOSE ...
more infohttp://www.catsclem.nl/medisch/medmim.htm

ASMscience | Ecology of BacillaceaeASMscience | Ecology of Bacillaceae

Bacillaceae are widely distributed in natural environments, and their habitats are as varied as the niches humans have thought ... members of the Bacillaceae have been detected in freshwater and marine ecosystems, in activated sludge, in human and animal ... thermophilic genera of the family Bacillaceae dominate the high-temperature stages of composting and have also been found in ... The most distinguishing feature of most members of the family Bacillaceae (phylum Firmicutes) is their ability to form ...
more infohttp://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555819323.chap3

Production of Diarrheal Enterotoxins and Other Potential Virulence Factors by Veterinary Isolates of Bacillus Species...Production of Diarrheal Enterotoxins and Other Potential Virulence Factors by Veterinary Isolates of Bacillus Species...

... and systemic infections, is being increasingly recognized (8). Nongastrointestinal infections have been seen primarily in ... Enterotoxin production in natural isolates of Bacillaceae outside the Bacillus cereus group. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:3147- ... that were associated with serious nongastrointestinal infections in animals. We also report on the ability of these Bacillus ... The relevance of other Bacillus species as food poisoning organisms and as etiological agents in nongastrointestinal infections ...
more infohttps://aem.asm.org/content/69/4/2372?ijkey=0377ed6140311a18d4d3208f0baf2af9a3461830&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Anthrax | CTDAnthrax | CTD

Diseases ← Bacterial Infections and Mycoses ← Bacterial Infections ← Gram-Positive Bacterial InfectionsBacillaceae ... Bacillus anthracis Infection , Bacillus anthracis Infections Definition An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria ... Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract ...
more infohttp://ctdbase.org/detail.go?type=disease&acc=MESH%3AD000881

Frontiers | Does the Urinary Microbiome Play a Role in Urgency Urinary Incontinence and Its Severity? | Cellular and Infection...Frontiers | Does the Urinary Microbiome Play a Role in Urgency Urinary Incontinence and Its Severity? | Cellular and Infection...

... the urinary tract has been thought to be sterile in the absence of a clinically identifiable infection. However, recent ... the urinary tract has been thought to be sterile in the absence of a clinically identifiable infection. However, recent ... were Bacillaceae, Lactobacillaceae, and Lachnospiraceae (Firmicutes phylum); Prevotellaceae and Flavobacteriacea (Bacteroidetes ... Han, X. Y., and Andrade, R. A. (2005). Brevundimonas diminuta infections and its resistance to fluoroquinolones. J. Antimicrob ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2016.00078/full

Environmental Health Perspectives   -  Exposures Related to House Dust Microbiota in a U.S. Farming PopulationEnvironmental Health Perspectives - Exposures Related to House Dust Microbiota in a U.S. Farming Population

Bacteria from this genus are found in most dogs and cats; they can cause severe infections after a dog bite. Of the bacterial ... For example, the family Bacillaceae includes the species Bacillus anthracis that causes anthrax, a disease associated with ... and Bacillaceae (Table S8). Of interest, there were two phyla, Chloroflexi and Verrucomicrobia, in which OTUs were not related ... Bacillaceae, Xanthomonadaceae, and Lactobacillaceae) were more abundant in house dust from individuals working with farm ...
more infohttps://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/ehp3145/
  • associated with serious nongastrointestinal infections in animals may harbor and express diarrheagenic enterotoxins traditionally linked to toxigenic B. cereus . (asm.org)
  • B. cereus strains isolated from nongastrointestinal infections have shown the ability to synthesize many virulence factors, including necrotizing exotoxin-like hemolysins, phospholipases, collagenases, and proteases ( 8 ). (asm.org)
  • We report on the clinical presentation of two infants, one extremely preterm and one term born neonate, who developed severe B. cereus infection. (ispub.com)
  • Listeria are known to be the bacteria responsible for listeriosis , a rare but potentially lethal food-borne infection: the case fatality rate for those with a severe form of infection may approach 25% [ 2 ] ( Salmonella , in comparison, has a mortality rate estimated at less than 1% [ 3 ] ). (thefullwiki.org)
  • Nongastrointestinal infections have been seen primarily in individuals who are intravenous drug abusers or immunocompromised as a consequence of infection with human immunodeficiency virus, chemotherapy, or malignancy ( 4 , 28 ). (asm.org)
  • The most distinguishing feature of most members of the family Bacillaceae (phylum Firmicutes ) is their ability to form endospores that provide high resistance to heat, radiation, chemicals, and drought, allowing these bacteria to survive adverse conditions for a prolonged period of time. (asmscience.org)
  • The oral and conjunctival microbiotas likely play important roles in protection from opportunistic infections, while also being the source of potential pathogens. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Oral and conjunctival swabs were collected from cats with FIV infection and FIV-uninfected controls, and subjected to 16S rRNA gene (V4) PCR and next generation sequencing. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objectives of this study were to describe the conjunctival and oral bacterial microbiotas and to evaluate the impact of FIV infection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Infection in patients with valvular heart disease is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. (nih.gov)
  • What specific infection control measures must be adhered to in order to prevent infection in transplant patients - liver transplant? (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • The use of a combination drug with an anti-infective component is indicated where the risk of infection is high or where there is an expectation that potentially dangerous numbers of bacteria will be present in the eye. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Yet, there has been limited investigation in cats, and the impact of comorbidities such as feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection has not been reported. (biomedcentral.com)