Infections with bacteria of the family BACILLACEAE.
A family of bacteria which produce endospores. They are mostly saprophytes from soil, but a few are insect or animal parasites or pathogens.
A genus of BACILLACEAE that are spore-forming, rod-shaped cells. Most species are saprophytic soil forms with only a few species being pathogenic.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent ANTHRAX.
An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. It commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats. Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. Anthrax is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.
A species of bacteria that causes ANTHRAX in humans and animals.
The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.
Skin diseases caused by bacteria.
Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.
Disease or trauma involving a single peripheral nerve in isolation, or out of proportion to evidence of diffuse peripheral nerve dysfunction. Mononeuropathy multiplex refers to a condition characterized by multiple isolated nerve injuries. Mononeuropathies may result from a wide variety of causes, including ISCHEMIA; traumatic injury; compression; CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASES; CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS; and other conditions.
Death and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply.
Visible accumulations of fluid within or beneath the epidermis.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
A severe condition resulting from bacteria invading healthy muscle from adjacent traumatized muscle or soft tissue. The infection originates in a wound contaminated with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM. C. perfringens accounts for the majority of cases (over eighty percent), while C. noyvi, C. septicum, and C. histolyticum cause most of the other cases.
Renal syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients characterized by nephrotic syndrome, severe proteinuria, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with distinctive tubular and interstitial changes, enlarged kidneys, and peculiar tubuloreticular structures. The syndrome is distinct from heroin-associated nephropathy as well as other forms of kidney disease seen in HIV-infected patients.
An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.
Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
Infections of non-skeletal tissue, i.e., exclusive of bone, ligaments, cartilage, and fibrous tissue. The concept is usually referred to as skin and soft tissue infections and usually subcutaneous and muscle tissue are involved. The predisposing factors in anaerobic infections are trauma, ischemia, and surgery. The organisms often derive from the fecal or oral flora, particularly in wounds associated with intestinal surgery, decubitus ulcer, and human bites. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1688)
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.
Pathological processes involving the PENIS or its component tissues.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
A pair of ducts near the WOLFFIAN DUCTS in a developing embryo. In the male embryo, they degenerate with the appearance of testicular ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. In the absence of anti-mullerian hormone, mullerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the OVIDUCTS; UTERUS; CERVIX; and VAGINA.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.
A triangular double membrane separating the anterior horns of the LATERAL VENTRICLES of the brain. It is situated in the median plane and bounded by the CORPUS CALLOSUM and the body and columns of the FORNIX (BRAIN).
Pathological processes involving any part of the UTERUS.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.
Radiography of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of a contrast medium.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
Travel beyond the earth's atmosphere.
Habitat of hot water naturally heated by underlying geologic processes. Surface hot springs have been used for BALNEOLOGY. Underwater hot springs are called HYDROTHERMAL VENTS.
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Facklamia languida sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. (1/43)

Three strains of a gram-positive catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccus-shaped organism originating from human clinical samples were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Sequencing of genes encoding 16S rRNA showed that the strains are phylogenetically closely related (99.9 to 100% sequence similarity) and represent a new subline within the genus Facklamia. The unknown bacterium was readily distinguished from all currently described species of the genus Facklamia (viz., Facklamia hominis, Facklamia ignava, and Facklamia sourekii) by biochemical tests and electrophoretic analysis of whole-cell proteins. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium be classified as Facklamia languida sp. nov. The type strain of F. languida is CCUG 37842.  (+info)

Experimental infection of pregnant cows with Bacillus licheniformis bacteria. (2/43)

To study the abortifacient potential and fetoplacental tropism of Bacillus licheniformis bacteria, eight cows in the sixth to eighth month of gestation were inoculated intravenously either once (n = 4) or on four successive days (n = 4) with B. licheniformis at doses ranging from 10(9) to 10(12) colony-forming units. Cows were euthanatized and necropsied prior to abortion (n = 2), at the time of abortion (n = 2), or at calving (n = 4). Live-born calves (n = 5) were euthanatized immediately after delivery and necropsied. B. licheniformis was reisolated from placentomes/endometrium in six of eight (75%) cows and from one fetus aborted 43 days after inoculation. Lesions associated with B. licheniformis were restricted to the pregnant uterus, with the exception of one cow, which developed pneumonia. Necrosis in the fetal compartment of the placenta were present in three of four (75%) cows of both inoculation groups. Lesions were mainly restricted to fetal membranes and especially to the fetal side of the placentomes. Necrosis and diffuse neutrophil infiltrations of both villi and intervillous areas occurred in the fetal part of the placenta, and the placentomal interface was distended by bacteria, neutrophils, erythrocytes, and debris. Within trophoblasts, bacteria were located both free in the cytoplasm and in cytoplasmatic vesicles. Inflammation was present in three of eight (38%) calves. Placental and fetal lesions were similar to those found in cases of spontaneous abortions associated with B. licheniformis. The abortifacient potential of B. licheniformis and the tropism for the bovine placenta is demonstrated here for the first time.  (+info)

Nosocomial pseudoepidemic caused by Bacillus cereus traced to contaminated ethyl alcohol from a liquor factory. (3/43)

From September 1990 to October 1990, 15 patients who were admitted to four different departments of the National Taiwan University Hospital, including nine patients in the emergency department, three in the hematology/oncology ward, two in the surgical intensive care unit, and one in a pediatric ward, were found to have positive blood (14 patients) or pleural effusion (1 patient) cultures for Bacillus cereus. After extensive surveillance cultures, 19 additional isolates of B. cereus were recovered from 70% ethyl alcohol that had been used as a skin disinfectant (14 isolates from different locations in the hospital) and from 95% ethyl alcohol (5 isolates from five alcohol tanks in the pharmacy department), and 10 isolates were recovered from 95% ethyl alcohol from the factory which supplied the alcohol to the hospital. In addition to these 44 isolates of B. cereus, 12 epidemiologically unrelated B. cereus isolates, one Bacillus sphaericus isolate from a blood specimen from a patient seen in May 1990, and two B. sphaericus isolates from 95% alcohol in the liquor factory were also studied for their microbiological relatedness. Among these isolates, antibiotypes were determined by using the disk diffusion method and the E test, biotypes were created with the results of the Vitek Bacillus Biochemical Card test, and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) patterns were generated by arbitrarily primed PCR. Two clones of the 15 B. cereus isolates recovered from patients were identified (clone A from 2 patients and clone B from 13 patients), and all 29 isolates of B. cereus recovered from 70 or 95% ethyl alcohol in the hospital or in the factory belonged to clone B. The antibiotype and RAPD pattern of the B. sphaericus isolate from the patient were different from those of isolates from the factory. Our data show that the pseudoepidemic was caused by a clone (clone B) of B. cereus from contaminated 70% ethyl alcohol used in the hospital, which we successfully traced to preexisting contaminated 95% ethyl alcohol from the supplier, and by another clone (clone A) without an identifiable source.  (+info)

Ontogeny and behaviour of early macrophages in the zebrafish embryo. (4/43)

In the zebrafish embryo, the only known site of hemopoieisis is an intra-embryonic blood island at the junction between trunk and tail that gives rise to erythroid cells. Using video-enhanced differential interference contrast microscopy, as well as in-situ hybridization for the expression of two new hemopoietic marker genes, draculin and leucocyte-specific plastin, we show that macrophages appear in the embryo at least as early as erythroid cells, but originate from ventro-lateral mesoderm situated at the other end of the embryo, just anterior to the cardiac field. These macrophage precursors migrate to the yolksac, and differentiate. From the yolksac, many invade the mesenchyme of the head, while others join the blood circulation. Apart from phagocytosing apoptotic corpses, these macrophages were observed to engulf and destroy large amounts of bacteria injected intravenously; the macrophages also sensed the presence of bacteria injected into body cavities that are isolated from the blood, migrated into these cavities and eradicated the microorganisms. Moreover, we observed that although only a fraction of the macrophage population goes to the site of infection, the entire population acquires an activated behaviour, similar to that of activated macrophages in mammals. Our results support the notion that in vertebrate embryos, macrophages endowed with proliferative capacity arise early from the hemopoietic lineage through a non-classical, rapid differentiation pathway, which bypasses the monocytic series that is well-documented in adult hemopoietic organs.  (+info)

Persistent Bacillus licheniformis bacteremia associated with an international injection of organic drain cleaner. (5/43)

In recent years manufacturers have developed several products containing saprophytic bacteria, previously believed to be of minimal pathogenicity. We describe the first case of persistent Bacillus licheniformis bacteremia occurring after intentional injection of a consumer product that includes B. licheniformis spores. We postulate that these spores remained in the tissue, unaffected by antimicrobials, ultimately necessitating soft-tissue debridement of the area surrounding the injection site. On the basis of this case and a review of the literature, we submit that some consumer products contain bacteria with demonstrated pathogenicity. Manufacturers should study these bacteria in detail in order to rapidly provide information such as bacteriologic data and antimicrobial susceptibility data to clinicians.  (+info)

A novel surfactant nanoemulsion with broad-spectrum sporicidal activity against Bacillus species. (6/43)

Two nontoxic, antimicrobial nanoemulsions, BCTP and BCTP 401, have been developed. These emulsions are composed of detergents and oils in 80% water. BCTP diluted up to 1:1000 inactivated>90% of Bacillus anthracis spores in 4 h and was also sporicidal against three other Bacillus species. This sporicidal activity is due to disruption of the spore coat after initiation of germination without complete outgrowth. BCTP 401 diluted 1:1000 had greater activity than BCTP against Bacillus spores and had an onset of action of <30 min. Mixing BCTP or BCTP 401 with Bacillus cereus prior to subcutaneous injection in mice reduced the resulting skin lesion by 99%. Wound irrigation with BCTP 1 h after spore inoculation yielded a 98% reduction in skin lesion size, and mortality was reduced 3-fold. These nanoemulsion formulas are stable, easily dispersed, nonirritant, and nontoxic compared with other available sporicidal agents.  (+info)

Effects of intramammary infection and parity on calf weaning weight and milk quality in beef cows. (7/43)

The objectives of this study were to determine 1) the effect of intramammary infection on calf weaning weight, milk somatic cell count, and milk composition, and 2) the effect of parity on percentages of infected cows, infected quarters, and blind quarters. The number of infected quarters, milk somatic cell counts, milk components, and intramammary infection were studied at weaning in 164 beef cows. The percentage of infected cows ranged from 61.9% at first parity to 66.7% at fifth to ninth parities. Cows with three or four infected quarters had higher (P < .01) milk somatic cell counts than cows with zero, one, or two infected quarters. Among bacterial isolates, Staphylococcus aureus-infected quarters had the highest (P < .01) milk somatic cell count. Percentages of butterfat and lactose were lower (P < .01) in milk from infected quarters than from uninfected quarters. Infections by S. aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most common and accounted for 67 to 78% of the infections. Percentages of infected quarters and infections caused by S. aureus increased with parity (P < .01). Intramammary infections did not affect (P > .10) calf weaning weight. In conclusion, intramammary infection had no effect on calf weaning weight but increased milk somatic cell count and decreased the percentage of protein, lactose, solids-not-fat, and butterfat. The number of infected and blind mammary quarters increased with parity.  (+info)

Outbreak of Bacillus cereus infections in a neonatal intensive care unit traced to balloons used in manual ventilation. (8/43)

In 1998, an outbreak of systemic infections caused by Bacillus cereus occurred in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Three neonates developed sepsis with positive blood cultures. One neonate died, and the other two neonates recovered. An environmental survey, a prospective surveillance study of neonates, and a case control study were performed, in combination with molecular typing, in order to identify potential sources and transmission routes of infection. Genotypic fingerprinting by amplified-fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) showed that the three infections were caused by a single clonal type of B. cereus. The same strain was found in trachea aspirate specimens of 35 other neonates. The case control study showed mechanical ventilation with a Sensormedics ventilation machine to be a risk factor for colonization and/or infection (odds ratio, 9.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 88.2). Prospective surveillance showed that colonization with B. cereus occurred exclusively in the respiratory tract of mechanically ventilated neonates. The epidemic strain of B. cereus was found on the hands of nursing staff and in balloons used for manual ventilation. Sterilization of these balloons ended the outbreak. We conclude that B. cereus can cause outbreaks of severe opportunistic infection in neonates. Typing by AFLP proved very useful in the identification of the outbreak and in the analysis of strains recovered from the environment to trace the cause of the epidemic.  (+info)

Background. Most extracellular virulence factors produced by Bacillus cereus are regulated by the pleiotropic transcriptional activator PlcR. Among strains belonging to the B. cereus group, the plcR gene is always located in the vicinity of genes encoding the YvfTU two-component system. The putative role of YvfTU in the expression of the PlcR regulon was therefore investigated.. Results. Expression of the plcR gene was monitored using a transcriptional fusion with a lacZ reporter gene in a yvfTU mutant and in its B. cereus ATCC 14579 parental strain. Two hours after the onset of the stationary phase, a stage at which the PlcR regulon is highly expressed, the plcR expression in the yvfTU mutant was only 50% of that of its parental strain. In addition to the reduced plcR expression in the yvfTU mutant, a few members of the PlcR regulon showed a differential expression, as revealed by transcriptomic and proteomic analyses. The virulence of the yvfTU mutant in a Galleria mellonella insect model was ...
Waggie, K S.; Hansen, C T.; Ganaway, J R.; and Spencer, T S., A study of mouse strain susceptibility to bacillus piliformis (tyzzers disease): the association of b-cell function and resistance. (1981). Subject Strain Bibliography 1981. 2192 ...
There is no correlation between the severity of anemia or the degree of thrombocytopenia and the severity of the renal disease. In addition, petechia, purpura, and/or active bleeding are uncommon features of HUS, despite the significant low platelet count.. This syndrome is more predominant in rural areas with a peak incidence in warmer seasons corresponding to the increased risk of E coli O157:H7 infection and is mostly presented as outbreaks (e.g., 1992 outbreak due to undercooked hamburger contaminated with E. coli). It is, generally, presented in children as gastroenteritis complaints (e.g., abdominal pain or tenderness, nausea or vomiting, fever), whereas affected adults may be asymptomatic.. E. coli O157:H7 is responsible for most of the typical HUS in children in the United States; several cases were reported following either gastrointestinal infections with different bacteria (e.g., shigella and salmonella) or nongastrointestinal infections. E. coli serotype O157:H7 is normally found as ...
The authors used to designate it just as b04i-3**T** or B04I-3**T** without KCTC number from the web site, probably because the information was registered to NCBI before the strain got an official KCTC number. A peroxide-degrading //​Bacillus//​ isolate (strain PLC9 =KACC 91464P) was named after it based on 100% 16S rRNA sequence similarity to KCTC 13219 (New bacteria //Bacillus nitroreducens//​ PLC9 with hydrogen peroxide-degrading activity with high survival rate in hydrogen peroxide. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2013, 169:​701-711. PMID: [[http://​​pubmed/​23271626,23271626 ...
MetabolismBiosynthesis of cofactors, prosthetic groups, and carriersGlutathione and analogsN-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosaminyl L-malate synthase BshA (TIGR03999; EC 2.4.1.-; HMM-score: 96.3) ...
MetabolismBiosynthesis of cofactors, prosthetic groups, and carriersGlutathione and analogsN-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosaminyl L-malate synthase BshA (TIGR03999; EC 2.4.1.-; HMM-score: 51.1) ...
Two strains of a Gram-positive catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccus originating from human sources were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The strains were found to be identical to each other based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing and constitute a new subline within the genus Facklamia. The unknown bacterium was readily distinguished from Facklamis hominis and Facklamia ignava by biochemical tests and electrophoretic analysis of whole-cell proteins. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence it is proposed that the unknown bacterium be classified as Facklamia sourekii sp. nov., the type strain of which is CCUG 28783AT.
The most distinguishing feature of most members of the family Bacillaceae (phylum Firmicutes) is their ability to form endospores that provide high resistance to heat, radiation, chemicals, and drought, allowing these bacteria to survive adverse conditions for a prolonged period of time. Bacillaceae are widely distributed in natural environments, and their habitats are as varied as the niches humans have thought to sample. Over the years of microbiological research, members of this family have been found in soil, sediment, and air, as well as in unconventional environments such as clean rooms in the Kennedy Space Center, a vaccine-producing company, and even human blood ( 1 - 3 ). Moreover, members of the Bacillaceae have been detected in freshwater and marine ecosystems, in activated sludge, in human and animal systems, and in various foods (including fermented foods), but recently also in extreme environments such as hot solid and liquid systems (compost and hot springs, respectively), salt lakes, and
Biocompare product reviews can cover any kit, reagent, antibody, or piece of equipment you use in your lab and are a great forum for researchers seeking to determine if a particular product will work for them.. All you need is a unique image, protocol information, and some helpful notes or tips on how to best use the product or service.. Not only are reviews a valuable resource for researchers looking to save time and money but all reviews that are accepted for publication earns you an Amazon Gift Card!*. Click Here to Write Your Review for XpressBio. ...
Microbial utilization of uncommon C4 dicarboxylate L-tartrate is largely anaerobic, with aerobic L-tartrate utilization known for few bacterial species including Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides and Pseudomonas putida. Aerobic L-tartrate-utilizing microbes could be industrially relevant owing to the efficient nature of the bioprocess and catalytic versatility of tartrate dehydrogenase (TDH) responsible for aerobic catabolism of L-tartrate. Present work involves isolation and characterization of Bacillus strains capable of aerobic L-tartrate utilization and its correlation with occurrence of TDH activity. Two out of 37 isolates, IC1-G and IC1-Y were identified as Bacillus megaterium spp. showing efficient aerobic growth, utilizing ~3.7 and 2.8 mM L-tartrate respectively at the end of 48 h. Several organic acids possibly including oxalic, succinic and citric acids were secreted as by-products of L-tartrate metabolism. Utilization of L-tartrate directly correlated with induction of TDH activity by ~3.2 ...
Spores of bacteria of Bacillus species are extraordinarily resistant to all manner of harsh treatments, and largely because of this resistance, spores of some Bacillus species are major agents of food spoilage and food-borne and other diseases (eg-Bacillus anthracis). The conversion of a dormant Bacillus spore into a vegetative bacterium by the process of spore germination is also a relatively simple differentiating system that is readily amenable to both biochemical and genetic analysis. While much has been learned in recent years on the mechanisms of spore resistance and germination, there is still much that is unknown. Dr. Setlows laboratory has ongoing multidisciplinary research projects attempting to determine: 1) the mechanisms involved in the extraordinary resistance of spores to heat and oxidizing agents; 2) the mechanism(s) of spore germination and its heterogeneity; and 3) the structure and organization of the inner membrane of spores. Methods used in these projects include: 1) ...
EFSA provides applicants with guidance on how to conduct safety assessment of feed additives containing or produced from Bacillus species. Bacillus species are bacteria commonly used in feed as probiotics or as sources of other feed additives. Some strains produce toxins that can cause food-borne diseases in humans, producing symptoms such as diarrhoea, nausea, or vomiting.
The Hippo signaling pathway was originally discovered in Drosophila melanogaster and has recently emerged as a potent regulator of cell proliferation and organ size (Badouel et al., 2009; Zhang et al., 2009b). Several components of the pathway act as tumor suppressors or as protooncogenes (Harvey and Tapon, 2007). Core components of the Hippo pathway include the upstream activator Merlin/Nf2 (Hamaratoglu et al., 2006), a gene that is mutated in tumors of nervous tissue (Trofatter et al., 1993; Ruttledge et al., 1994) and in renal cell carcinoma (Forbes et al., 2008; Morris and McClatchey, 2009; Dalgliesh et al., 2010), the Ser/Thr kinases MST1/2 (mammalian STE20 kinases 1 and 2) and Lats1/2 (large tumor suppressor 1 and 2), together with their coactivators WW45 and Mob. In the active state, Lats1/2 phosphorylates the transcriptional activators Yes-associated protein (YAP) and TAZ (transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding domain). This results in their cytoplasmic retention by binding to ...
Fong CS, Ozaki K, Tsou MB*. (2018). PPP1R35 ensures centriole homeostasis by promoting centriole-to-centrosome conversion. Mol Biol Cell. 29(23):2801-2808.. Yang TT, Chong WM, Wang WJ, Mazo G, Tanos B, Chen Z, Tran TMN, Chen YD, Weng RR, Huang CE, Jane WN, Tsou MB*, Liao JC*. (2018). Architecture of mammalian centriole distal appendages accommodates distinct blade and matrix functional elements. Nature Communication. 9(1):2023. (*Co-corresponding authors).. Shulman AS, Tsou MF*. (2017). Probing Cilia-Associated Signaling Proteomes in Animal Evolution. Dev Cell. 43(6):653-655.. Mazo G, Soplop N, Wang WJ, Uryu K, and Tsou MF*. (2016). Spatial control of primary ciliogenesis by subdistal appendages alters sensation-associated properties of cilia. Dev Cell. 39(4):424-437.. Kim M, ORourke BP, Soni RK, Jallepalli PV, Hendrickson RC, Tsou MF*. (2016). Promotion and suppression of centriole duplication are catalytically coupled through PLK4 to ensure centriole homeostasis. Cell Rep. ...
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Rhizosphere bacteria are one of the most potential biological control agents in the plant disease protection. Bacillus species as a group offer several advantages over other bacteria for protection against pathogens because of their ability to form endospores, and because of the broad-spectrum activity of their antibiotics. Five soil samples from tomato rhizosphere were collected from shambat area, Khartoum State, Sudan. Bacillus isolates were isolated from the rhizosphere of tomato to use as natural bio-control agents. They were screened for antagonism in vitro against Alternaria alternata causal agents of early blight disease of tomato. Serial dilution technique was adopted for the isolation of Bacillus species. Only 27 out of 45 Bacillus isolates showed antagonistic properties. Four out of the 27 isolates showed antagonism (Bacillus B25, B35, B41, B45) were identified to the species level by bacteriological assay (morphological and biochemical tests).
Discrimination by automatic ribotyping and random amplified polymorphic DNA PCR, RAPD, was compared for 40 different B. cereus dairy isolates, 4 different B. mycoides isolates and 6 culture collection strains. RAPD-PCR has previously shown to be useful for tracing contamination routes of B. cereus to milk. Automatic ribotyping using EcoRI and PvuII separated the B. cereus and B. mycoides isolates/strains into 36 different ribotypes. RAPD-typing with primers generated 40 different RAPD-profiles. However, 17 isolates clustered into eight groups, irrespective of the primer and restriction enzyme used, and in all but one case, the isolates with the same pattern were isolated from the same dairy. Automatic ribotyping proved to be a useful, standardized and quick method to discriminate between B. cereus strains, only slightly less discriminatory than RAPD-typing.. ...
Members of genus Gordonia are widely distributed in nature, and about 29 species have been identified. From 1996 to 2015, only 16 cases of infections caused by Gordonia sputi were reported worldwide, most of which were catheter related, such as contaminated central venous catheters and chest tubes, in a setting of immunocompromised status [7-9]. Gordonia spp. infection usually has a subacute or chronic course, sometimes resembling fungi infection. The patient in this case presented with vision blurred about 10 days after the iron foreign body penetrating, showing multiple clusters of white purulent lesions in the anterior chamber, vitreous cavity and on the retina, without obvious pain, which might clinically indicate a less virulent bacteria or fungi infection. According to the contemporary gram stain and its reaction to intravitreal antibiotic a gram-positive bacilli infection was presumed, and further molecular examinations confirmed the pathogen as Gordonia sputi. So, when facing a subacute ...
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Cellualse is one of the most important enzymes used in textile, detergent, paper, food and feed industries. Therefore, a study was undertaken to isolate Bacillus bacteria having the potential to produce cellulase from soil samples. 24 soil samples were analyzed and 54 presumptive Bacillus isolates were isolated after heating the soil samples at 80°C for 10 min. Among them 45 isolates showed enzyme activity ranging from 0.003 to 0.17 U/ml in test tubes containing 5 ml medium composed of (g/L) glucose 0.5 gm, peptone 0.75 gm, FeSO4 0.01 gm, KH2PO4 0.5 gm, and MgSO4 0.5 gm at 120 rpm, 37° C and pH 7. Among them 1RW, 2WS, 3YR, 4WT, 6 RR, and 9SS showed 0.17, 0.15, 0.14, 0.15, 0.147 and 0.14U/ml enzyme activities, respectively. Production of cellulase by these isolates was further scaled up to shake culture containing 50 ml medium similar to that used in test tube culture. Among the isolates 1 RW showed the maximum activity. This 1 RW was identified by API kit and showed that 59 % belongs to ...
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Research underway with M.S. students; undergraduate students also involved to varying degrees:. Project #1 - Discovery of new viruses that infect dairy spoilage bacteria. M.S. student research project with expected completion date 5/2017. Current status = ~ 1⁄2 complete as of 5.20.2016.. Many Bacillus species are able to form spores, and therefore can survive some forms of pasteurization. In this study, soil samples around campus will be screened for novel bacterial-specific viruses, termed phages, which are specific to toxigenic strains of Bacillus. Once phages have been detected, they will be characterized using both SEM and TEM microscopy. They will also be DNA sequenced. These new phages could be used for detection and control of toxigenic strains of Bacillus in dairy foods, where they pose many costly problems during yogurt and cheese production. Using phages as a method for controlling spoilage causing and pathogenic bacteria is an idea that has recently been reintroduced in the dairy ...
J:74701 Hou X, Mrug M, Yoder BK, Lefkowitz EJ, Kremmidiotis G, DEustachio P, Beier DR, Guay-Woodford LM, Cystin, a novel cilia-associated protein, is disrupted in the cpk mouse model of polycystic kidney disease. J Clin Invest. 2002 Feb;109(4):533-40 ...
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Your basket is currently empty. i ,p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the basket to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later.,p>,a href=/help/basket target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
The virus, which causes coughing, fever and sometimes fatal pneumonia, has been reported in more than 500 patients, mainly in Saudi Arabia, and has spread to neighboring countries, as well as in a few cases to Europe, Asia and the United States. It kills about 30 percent of those who are infected.
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This immunocytochemical study evaluates the presence of IgG1C4, IgA and IgE immunoglobulins in active lesions of 25 localized cutaneous leishmaniasis patients from three bioclimatic areas (Awa, Afa and Bsha) in Mrida State, Venezuela. regularly in patients through the Awa region than in those through the Bsha area. The predominant expression of isotypes IgG2 and IgG1 suggests a preferential Th1 like immune response. Anti-immunoserum stained just parasites and their particles, suggesting that a lot of from the immunostaining was non-specific. 1989; Islam 1991). Consequently, its been broadly reported how the isotype serum antibodies could be utilized as an sign for Th lymphocyte subset dominance (Finkelman 1990). Histopathological and immunocytochemical research demonstrating the great quantity of plasma cells and IgM, IgG and IgE antibodies complexed to antigens in the infiltrate of human and experimental lesions suggest that the humoral response might influence the elimination of the parasite ...
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King, H.S., & Bell, A.C. (1932). The detection of methanol in the presence of ethyl alcohol. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science, 18(1), 11-13 ...
King, H.S., & Bell, A.C. (1932). The detection of methanol in the presence of ethyl alcohol. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science, 18(1), 11-13 ...
The Bacillaceae are a family of rod-shaped, usually Gram-positive bacteria that produce endospores and are commonly found in spores. Genera commonly is identified as bacillus. The Bacillus are aerobic bacteria, peritrichously flagellated and are either motile or non motile. Most are non-pathogenic; however, the most common pathogen of the species is Bacillus anthracis, which causes anthrax. ...
BspAC I-Source: Bacillus species AC. No nonspecific activity after incubation of 1 μg of Lambda DNA with 10 u.a. of enzyme for 16 hours at 37°C.
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Spore-forming bacteria, Bacillus sp., frequently been associated with the contamination of rice and other starchy products. Spores are more resistant to antimicrobial treatments than its vegetative cells. The extract of Indonesian bay leaf (Syzygium polyanthum L.) was assessed for its antibacterial and sporicidal activities against vegetative cells and spores of B. cereus isolated from rice (25 strains). The results showed that S. polyanthum L. extract was able to inhibit the growth of vegetative cells of all B. cereus isolates with MICs ranged from 0.16 to 0.63 mg/mL and can kill with MBCs ranged from 0.31 to 2.50 mg/mL. The bactericidal endpoint for B. cereus BC-NP.8 in time kill curve was at 1.25 mg/mL (8× MIC) after 4 h of incubation while for B. cereus ATCC 33019 was at 2.50 mg/mL (8× MIC). The sporicidal activity of S. polyanthum L. extract was not affected by different temperatures treatment and alteration of the pHs of extract. Therefore, this indicates that the extract was stable ...
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The University of Alberta must maintain control records for all ethyl alcohol purchases. For the University of Alberta to pay lesser rates of duty on purchases, we are obligated to show that the distributions are strictly for educational and research purposes. Regulations from Revenue Canada, Excise Duty Division stipulate that records must be maintained until the alcohol is used. The responsibility is on each department/laboratory to keep accurate usage records and to ensure that all ethyl alcohol is kept in locked storage ...
The physiological effects of ethyl alcohol depend almost entirely on its concentration in the blood stream. This concentration, expressed in per cent, is referred to as the blood alcohol level and has become of increasing medico-legal importance in determining the degree of alcoholic intoxication.
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Bacillus Cereus Bacillus cereus is a rod-shaped gram- positive bacillus that can be found in food, dust, dirt and sometimes soil. It is an aerobe and a
Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning is it contagious? Contagiousness of Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning including infectiousness, transmission, and contagion methods and vectors.
Bacillus cereus ATCC ® 12826™ Designation: Type Strain A, variant IV TypeStrain=False Application: Sporicidal test Bacteriophage host
Avaliação da prevalência de bacillus cereus em leite pasteurizado e comportamento desse microrganismo durante armazenamento sob temperatura crítica de ...
Un factor limitante en la producción de papa es la escasez de tubérculo semilla de papa libre de patógenos; por lo tanto, es necesario encontrar nuevas alternativas de producción de tubérculo semilla en forma eficiente ...
Baldassarre, D. T., T. A. White, J. Karubian and M. S. Webster (2014). Genomic and morphological analysis of a semipermeable avian hybrid zone suggests asymmetrical introgression of a sexual signal. Evolution 68(9): 2644-2657.. Benites, P., L. Campagna and P. L. Tubaro (2014). Song-based species discrimination in a rapid Neotropical radiation of grassland seedeaters. Journal of Avian Biology: n/a-n/a.. Burns, K. J., A. J. Shultz, P. O. Title, N. A. Mason, F. K. Barker, J. Klicka, S. M. Lanyon and I. J. Lovette (2014). Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75: 41-77.. Campagna, L., C. Kopuchian, P. L. Tubaro and S. C. Lougheed (2014). Secondary contact followed by gene flow between divergent mitochondrial lineages of a widespread Neotropical songbird (Zonotrichia capensis). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 111(4): 863-868.. Dickinson, J. L., E. D. Ferree, C. ...
Bacillus cereus ATCC ® 10987D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Bacillus cereus strain NRS 248 TypeStrain=False Application:
Home testing and Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning, diagnostic tests, self assessment, and other tools and products in relation to Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning.
Morphology of Bacillus cereus. It is gram positive rod shaped bacilli with square ends. It contains spores with central spores and is 1x3-4 µm in size.
216 S11-E2 Page 2 Name Key I. (9 points) Answer in the boxes below the following questions for the Grignard reagent C 3 -Mg. (1) (2 points) Is the carbon atom associated with magnesium electrophilic or
Jan 02, 2020 (The Expresswire) -- Global Bacillus Licheniformis Market is an overview of the global market is delivered with prime focus on...
Click on the image to learn more about specific features. Alternatively you may view this image with all annotations, or with the introductory comments. ...
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Ethanol Ethanol IUPAC name Ethanol Other names Ethyl alcohol; grain alcohol; hydroxyethane; drinking alcohol Identifiers CAS number 64-17-5 RTECS number
When equal volumes of water and ethyl alcohol are mixed, the total volume is less than that of the two liquids before mixing. What happened to the vanishing volume?
... is a genus of bacteria from the family of Bacillaceae. Parte, A.C. "Sediminibacillus". LPSN. Senghor, B; ... nov., three halophilic species isolated from salty human stools by culturomics". New microbes and new infections. 20: 51-54. ...
... nocardia infections MeSH C01.252.410.040.692.606 - maduromycosis MeSH C01.252.410.090 - bacillaceae infections MeSH C01.252. ... bacteroides infections MeSH C01.252.400.126 - bartonellaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.126.100 - bartonella infections MeSH ... moraxellaceae infections MeSH C01.252.400.560.022 - acinetobacter infections MeSH C01.252.400.610 - mycoplasmatales infections ... salmonella infections, animal MeSH C01.252.400.310.821.873 - typhoid fever MeSH C01.252.400.310.850 - serratia infections MeSH ...
"First description of an Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens prosthetic joint infection". New Microbes and New Infections. 18 ... 2015 - family Bacillaceae. A Gram-positive, rod-shaped and non-motile bacterium which has been isolated from Lonar crater lake ... 2020 - family Bacillaceae. A spore-forming, rod-shaped, alkaliphile bacterium collected from Mono Lake, California, notable for ... It can be potentially lethal to humans, but infections are rare. Cyrtodactylus australotitiwangsaensis Grismer et al., 2012 - ...
Bacillaceae. Genus:. Bacillus. Cohn, 1872[1]. Species. B. acidiceler. B. acidicola. B. acidiproducens. B. acidocaldarius. B. ...
Lan, R; Reeves, PR (2002). "Escherichia coli in disguise: molecular origins of Shigella". Microbes and Infection / Institut ... Bacillaceae, and Spirillaceae, but also Trichobacterinae for filamentous bacteria. Orla-Jensen established two orders: ...
Bacillales: Bacillaceae (Bacillus) · Listeriaceae (Listeria) · Staphylococcaceae (Staphylococcus, Gemella, Jeotgalicoccus). ... The role of antibodies to Bacillus anthracis and anthrax toxin components in inhibiting the early stages of infection by ...
Lan, R; Reeves, PR (2002). "Escherichia coli in disguise: molecular origins of Shigella". Microbes and Infection / Institut ... Bacillaceae, and Spirillaceae but also Trichobacterinae for filamentous bacteria; Orla-Jensen[24] established 2 orders: ...
What is Bacillaceae infections? Meaning of Bacillaceae infections medical term. What does Bacillaceae infections mean? ... Looking for online definition of Bacillaceae infections in the Medical Dictionary? Bacillaceae infections explanation free. ... Bacillaceae. (redirected from Bacillaceae infections). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia. Ba·cil·la·ce·ae. ( ... Bacillaceae infections , definition of Bacillaceae infections by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary. ...
Bacillaceae infections H96 Predesigned 96-well panel for use with SYBR® Green ... Bacillaceae infections H384 Predesigned 384-well panel for use with SYBR® Green ... Bacillaceae infections M96 Predesigned 96-well panel for use with SYBR® Green ... Bacillaceae infections M384 Predesigned 384-well panel for use with SYBR® Green ...
Bacillaceae Infections. Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections. Bacterial Infections. Vaccines. Aluminum Hydroxide. Immunologic ... Depending on the route of infection, anthrax disease can occur in three forms: cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and inhalation. In ... of inhaled and cutaneous anthrax infection that were related to contaminated mail. The development of a new anthrax vaccine is ...
Bacillaceae Infections. Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections. Bacterial Infections. Antibodies. Antibodies, Monoclonal. ... a bacterial infection). Approximately 36 male and female healthy volunteers ages 18 to 50 will be in this study. Participation ...
4. Bacillaceae Infections. 5. Bacterial diseases. 6. Boil. 7. Borreliosis. 8. Buergers disease. 9. Bunyavirus. 10. Calcinosis ...
Bacillaceae Infections / diagnosis * Bacillaceae Infections / pathology * Bacillaceae Infections / veterinary * Bacillus / ...
8. Bacillaceae Infections. 9. Body skin hyperlaxity due to vitamin K-dependent coagulation factor deficiency. 10. Calcinosis ...
Categories: Bacillaceae Infections Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Bacillaceae Infections... gas gangrene Symptoms related to Gas gangrene: Infection (851 causes), Green skin, Dark skin (110 ... Clostridium bacterial infection, Surgical wounds, Abdominal surgery, Intestinal perforation Gas gangrene type of: Gangrene (5 ...
Bacillaceae Infections - gas gangrene *Bacterial infection *Buergers disease *Calcinosis cutis - gangrene *more causes...» See ... Bacillaceae Infections ... gas gangrene. C. *Claviceps purpurea poisoning ... gangrene. H. *Hernia ... gangrene. N. * ... Infection (1293 causes) *Green skin *Dark skin (136 causes) *Trauma *Frostbite (8 causes) *Embolism *Thrombosis *Buergers ... Infection (1293 causes), Green skin, Dark skin (136 causes), Trauma, Frostbite (8 causes), Embolism, Thrombosis, Buergers ...
Changes in midgut gene expression following Bacillus thuringiensis (Bacillales: Bacillaceae) infection in Monochamus alternatus ... Down-regulation of single-stranded DNA-binding protein 1 expression induced by HCMV infection promotes lipid accumulation in ...
... and systemic infections, is being increasingly recognized (8). Nongastrointestinal infections have been seen primarily in ... Enterotoxin production in natural isolates of Bacillaceae outside the Bacillus cereus group. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:3147- ... that were associated with serious nongastrointestinal infections in animals. We also report on the ability of these Bacillus ... The relevance of other Bacillus species as food poisoning organisms and as etiological agents in nongastrointestinal infections ...
... the urinary tract has been thought to be sterile in the absence of a clinically identifiable infection. However, recent ... the urinary tract has been thought to be sterile in the absence of a clinically identifiable infection. However, recent ... were Bacillaceae, Lactobacillaceae, and Lachnospiraceae (Firmicutes phylum); Prevotellaceae and Flavobacteriacea (Bacteroidetes ... Han, X. Y., and Andrade, R. A. (2005). Brevundimonas diminuta infections and its resistance to fluoroquinolones. J. Antimicrob ...
Bacillaceae are widely distributed in natural environments, and their habitats are as varied as the niches humans have thought ... members of the Bacillaceae have been detected in freshwater and marine ecosystems, in activated sludge, in human and animal ... thermophilic genera of the family Bacillaceae dominate the high-temperature stages of composting and have also been found in ... The most distinguishing feature of most members of the family Bacillaceae (phylum Firmicutes) is their ability to form ...
Infections à Bacillaceae Entry term(s):. Bacillaceae Infection. Infection, Bacillaceae. Infections, Bacillaceae. ... Infections with bacteria of the family BACILLACEAE. Preferred term. Bacillaceae Infections Entry term(s). Bacillaceae Infection ... Bacillaceae Infections - Preferred Concept UI. M0025666. Scope note. ...
Signs of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bacillales: Bacillaceae) Infection in Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae): Kochs Postulates ... Effects of Nucleopolyhedrovirus Infection on the Development of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Expression of ... Many studies reported that nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) infection might disrupt the hormone balance in insects, but the effect of ... Bacillaceae) strains (GP780, GP139, GP209, GP528, GP782, GP300, GP777, and GP402) and to document the si .... DOI:. 10.1653/ ...
Bacillaceae Infections/etiology , Bone Marrow Transplantation/adverse effects , Adolescent , Bacillaceae Infections/diagnosis ... Bacillus subtilis infection in a patient submitted to a bone marrow transplantation ...
Bacillaceae Infections/diagnosis*. *Bacillaceae Infections/therapy. *Bacillus cereus*. *Endocarditis, Bacterial/diagnosis*. * ... Infection in patients with valvular heart disease is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. We describe a case of ... Bacillus cereus is a ubiquitous organism that often contaminates microbiological cultures but rarely causes serious infections ...
Bacillaceae Infections/complications*. *Bacillus cereus*. *Bacteremia/complications*. *Cerebral Hemorrhage/etiology*. *Fatal ...
bacillaceae infections*plakins*gq g11 gtp binding protein alpha subunits*cetirizine*coiled bodies*steroid 11 beta hydroxylase* ... on infection with the nematodes Ostertagia ostertagi and Cooperia oncophora in calves. Vet Parasitol. 2005;129:273-83 pubmed ...
C01.252 Bacterial Infections .. C01.252.410 Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections .. C01.252.410.090 Bacillaceae Infections .. ... Bacillus anthracis Infection .. Bacillus anthracis Infections .. An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria ... Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract ...
Signs of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bacillales: Bacillaceae) infection in Myzuspersicae(Hemiptera: Aphididae): Koch´s postulates ...
Bacterial infections and mycoses. *Anthrax. *Bacillaceae infections. *Bacterial infections. *Bacterial infections and mycoses ...
Bacteria from this genus are found in most dogs and cats; they can cause severe infections after a dog bite. Of the bacterial ... For example, the family Bacillaceae includes the species Bacillus anthracis that causes anthrax, a disease associated with ... and Bacillaceae (Table S8). Of interest, there were two phyla, Chloroflexi and Verrucomicrobia, in which OTUs were not related ... Bacillaceae, Xanthomonadaceae, and Lactobacillaceae) were more abundant in house dust from individuals working with farm ...
Mechanism of infection. The majority of Listeria bacteria are targeted by the immune system before they are able to cause ... Bacillaceae and others. Within this phylogeny there are six species of Listeria. The only other genus in the family is ... Journal of Hospital Infection. 13: 33-41.. 33.Wu-Yuan, C.D. and R.D. Anderson. 1994. Ability of the SonicareÆ electronic ... optochin susceptible: S. pneumoniae (Pneumococcal infection). optochin resistant: S. viridans (S. mitis, S. mutans, S. oralis, ...
... infection has not been reported. Oral and conjunctival swabs were collected from cats with FIV infection and FIV-uninfected ... There is an apparent impact of FIV infection on various components of the microbiota, and assessment of the clinical relevance ... Cats with FIV infection had significantly lower relative abundances of Verrucomicrobia, Fibrobacteres, Spirochaetes, ... The oral and conjunctival microbiotas likely play important roles in protection from opportunistic infections, while also being ...
The phosphonatase operons in Bacillaceae and clostridial strains were observed to be flanked by deoR, and in bacteroidetes by ... No such strains have been implicated in gastrointestinal infections.. Several features of the phosphonatase operon structures ... it is conceivable that phosphonoacetaldehyde hydrolase may play a role in the infection process. ...
Systemic infections are associated with a very high mortality rate. We report on two three neonates, one an extremely low birth ... B. cereus is a ubiquitous bacterium of the family Bacillaceae. It is motile, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic, spore-forming ... Bacillus species infections in neonates. Rev Infect Dis 1989, 11: 612-615.. 9. Tokieda K, Morikawa Y, Maeyama K, Mori K, Ikeda ... Serious infections caused by Bacillus species. Medicine (Baltimore) 1987, 66: 218-223.. 2. Gaur AH, Shenep JL. The expanding ...
  • However, the relevance of other Bacillus species as food poisoning organisms and etiological agents in nongastrointestinal infections is being increasingly recognized. (
  • Eleven Bacillus species isolated from veterinary samples associated with severe nongastrointestinal infections were assessed for the presence and expression of diarrheagenic enterotoxins and other potential virulence factors. (
  • The relevance of other Bacillus species as food poisoning organisms and as etiological agents in nongastrointestinal infections, including local, deep-tissue, and systemic infections, is being increasingly recognized ( 8 ). (
  • Bacillus cereus is a ubiquitous organism that often contaminates microbiological cultures but rarely causes serious infections. (
  • An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. (
  • Anthrax Bacillaceae Bacillus anthra. (
  • OVERVIEW: What every clinician needs to know Pathogen name and classification Bacillus anthracis is a gram-positive, spore-forming rod in the family Bacillaceae, Bacillus cereus group (B. anthracis, B. cereus, B. thuringiensis, B. mycoides, B. pseudomycoides, B. weihenstaphenensis). (
  • There are 174 uncharacterized proteins in the DUF1811 family, and many are from Bacillus and Staphylococcus species that are known to cause a wide variety of diseases such as nosocomial infections. (
  • Bacillus anthracis is a microorganism from the family Bacillaceae (Figure 1). (
  • Whole-genome phylogenies of the family Bacillaceae and expansion of the sigma factor gene family in the Bacillus cereus species-group. (
  • the free-living stages included small Bacterium-like forms which were responsible for infection of the host plant, and large, occasionally Gram-positive forms resembling Bacillus , which produced both specialized, coceoid swarmers and resistant endospores. (
  • The most distinguishing feature of most members of the family Bacillaceae (phylum Firmicutes ) is their ability to form endospores that provide high resistance to heat, radiation, chemicals, and drought, allowing these bacteria to survive adverse conditions for a prolonged period of time. (
  • Infections with bacteria of the family BACILLACEAE. (
  • Listeria are known to be the bacteria responsible for listeriosis , a rare but potentially lethal food-borne infection: the case fatality rate for those with a severe form of infection may approach 25% [ 2 ] ( Salmonella , in comparison, has a mortality rate estimated at less than 1% [ 3 ] ). (
  • It is the agent of listeriosis, a serious infection caused by eating food contaminated with the bacteria. (
  • The most prevalent bacteria were gram-positive cocci, a category that can cause skin infections, pneumonia, and sepsis, among other infections . (
  • Another study published in 2014 in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health found that treadmills also harbor bacillaceae , another type of gram-positive bacteria that can cause infections like meningitis. (
  • The bacteria responsible for staph infections can be found on ellipticals. (
  • This kind of bacteria is responsible for staph infections, which lead to skin abscesses. (
  • Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS. (
  • The use of a combination drug with an anti-infective component is indicated where the risk of infection is high or where there is an expectation that potentially dangerous numbers of bacteria will be present in the eye. (
  • Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method. (
  • Sediminibacillus is a genus of bacteria from the family of Bacillaceae. (
  • Lumi-Sporyn (neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and bacitracin zinc ophthalmic ointment ) is an antimicrobial ointment used for topical treatment of superficial infections of the external eye and its adnexa caused by susceptible bacteria. (
  • LUMI-SPORYN is indicated for the topical treatment of superficial infections of the external eye and its adnexa caused by susceptible bacteria. (
  • Gramicidin is used in the combination with neomycin sulfate and polymyxin B sulfate (NEOSPORIN®) for the topical treatment of superficial infections of the external eye and its adnexa caused by susceptible bacteria. (
  • Infezioni Batteriche 18 domande Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified. (
  • Infezioni Batteriche Dell'Occhio 5 domande Infections in the inner or external eye caused by microorganisms belonging to several families of bacteria. (
  • Infezioni Da Batteri Gram-Negativi 1 quesito Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method. (
  • Infezioni Da Actinomycetales 0 domande Infections with bacteria of the order ACTINOMYCETALES. (
  • Listeriosis 0 domande Infections with bacteria of the genus LISTERIA. (
  • Infezioni Da Streptococcus 1 quesito Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS. (
  • In particular, Gram-negative bacteria are an important group of pathogens, because, collectively, they are responsible for the majority of hospital-acquired infections. (
  • The pathogen belongs to the Bacillaceae family of the kingdom Bacteria. (
  • The Bacillaceae family encompasses a group of Gram-positive, rod-shaped, and heterotrophic bacteria which produce endospores. (
  • In 2001, the Famiiy Listeriaceae was created within the expanding Order Bacillales, which also includes Staphylococcaceae, Bacillaceae and others. (
  • Some suggest 100 spores will cause infection while other analyses have shown as few as 1-3 spores can cause infection. (
  • The inhaled spores are ingested by macrophages and carried from the lungs to the lymphatic system, where the infection progresses. (
  • H. M. Martins, M. L. Martins and F. M. A. Bernardo, "Bacillaceae Spores, Fungi and Aflatoxin Determination in Honey," RPCV (Revista Portuguesa De Ciências Vet- erinárias), Vol. 98, No. 546, 2003, pp. 85-88. (
  • First of all, consumption of the bacterial spores or bacilli in contaminated food, such as poorly prepared meat of infected animals, causes intestinal infection which leads to gastrointestinal anthrax. (
  • Secondly, inhalation of spores when dealing with animal skin or wool causes respiratory infection which leads to inhalational anthrax. (
  • A species frequently associated with other organisms in mixed gangrenous infections. (
  • 16S rRNA gene sequence of the strain number 7a clearly indicated that the strain belonged to the family Bacillaceae most closely related to Bacilli sp. (
  • This includes infections in the genera BIFIDOBACTERIUM and GARDNERELLA, in the family Bifidobacteriaceae. (
  • Gr. klōstēr, spindle] A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacilli in the family Bacillaceae. (
  • Microbiology) any anaerobic typically rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Clostridium , occurring mainly in soil, but also in the intestines of humans and animals: family Bacillaceae . (
  • Depending on the route of infection, anthrax disease can occur in three forms: cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and inhalation. (
  • However, in the USA, shortly after September 11th, 2001, there were 22 cases (18 confirmed) of inhaled and cutaneous anthrax infection that were related to contaminated mail. (
  • ETI-204 is an experimental drug (not approved by the FDA) intended to protect against anthrax (a bacterial infection). (
  • Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. (
  • Anthrax Bacillaceae Bacterial Bacterial Encephalon Firmicute Gram positive Hemorrhage. (
  • Stories of anthrax plague appear in the Bible and the ancient Greeks described the cutaneous infection as coal-like ( anthrakites ) in appearance. (
  • Twenty-two cases of anthrax infections were confirmed. (
  • It causes anthrax - a disease characterized by skin lesions, breathing difficulty and gastrointestinal infection. (
  • This form of infection causes cutaneous anthrax (Spencer 183). (
  • In acute purulent conditions of the eye, steroids may mask infection or enhance existing infection. (
  • Acute infection with Propionibacterium acnes after a Latarjet coracoid transfer procedure: a case report. (
  • Start probiotics within 1 to 2 days of starting antibiotics in hospitalized patients to reduce the risk of Clostridium difficile infection. (
  • Oragenics announced the publication of a research paper entitled "Mutacin 1140 Lantibiotic Variants Are Efficacious Against Clostridium difficile Infection" in the peer reviewed journal, Frontiers in Microbiology. (
  • Background and Objective: There has been steady rise in imipenem resistant Gram negative bacilli non fermenters resulting from metallo beta lactamases that has been reported to be an important cause of hospital acquired infections and is serious therapeutic problem worldwide. (
  • Agar Agarose Bacillaceae Bacterial Culture medium Firmicute Gram positive Petri sport. (
  • Agar Agarose Bacillaceae Culture medium Gram positive Petri sports mountaineering mou. (
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections" by people in this website by year, and whether "Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections" by people in Profiles. (
  • Sampath V, Mulrooney N, Patel AL, Cohen J, Zhang L, Garland J, Lavoie PM, Dagle J, Simpson P. A Potential Role for the NOD1 Variant (rs6958571) in Gram-Positive Blood Stream Infection in ELBW Infants. (
  • High-dose daptomycin for treatment of complicated gram-positive infections: a large, multicenter, retrospective study. (
  • The oral and conjunctival microbiotas likely play important roles in protection from opportunistic infections, while also being the source of potential pathogens. (
  • Understanding of the normal ocular and oral microbiotas, and changes that occur in response to FIV infection, is important for understanding the impact of FIV infection and the pathophysiology of FIV-associated opportunistic infections. (
  • This is largely mediated through the production of crystal (cry) toxin proteins, which vary among B. thuringiensis strains and enable the infection of particular hosts. (
  • For steroid-responsive inflammatory ocular conditions for which a corticosteroid is indicated and where bacterial infection or a risk of bacterial ocular infection exists. (
  • their presence probably indicate a secondary bacterial infection. (
  • Staphylococcal Infections" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Staphylococcal Infections" by people in this website by year, and whether "Staphylococcal Infections" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Staphylococcal Infections" by people in Profiles. (
  • associated with serious nongastrointestinal infections in animals may harbor and express diarrheagenic enterotoxins traditionally linked to toxigenic B. cereus . (
  • Nongastrointestinal infections have been seen primarily in individuals who are intravenous drug abusers or immunocompromised as a consequence of infection with human immunodeficiency virus, chemotherapy, or malignancy ( 4 , 28 ). (
  • B. cereus strains isolated from nongastrointestinal infections have shown the ability to synthesize many virulence factors, including necrotizing exotoxin-like hemolysins, phospholipases, collagenases, and proteases ( 8 ). (
  • B. cereus can also cause dangerous nongastrointestinal infections, including periodontitis, fulminant endophthalmitis, and meningitis in immunocompromised patients ( 6 , 9 , 12 , 15 ). (
  • Systemic infections are associated with a very high mortality rate. (
  • A variety of ocular and oral manifestations of HIV infection can occur in humans, including both infectious and non-infectious causes [ 11 ], and it is possible that alterations in the local microbiota play a role in the pathophysiology of some of these diseases. (
  • Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension is contraindicated in most viral diseases of the cornea and conjunctiva including: epithelial herpes simplex keratitis (dendritic keratitis), vaccinia and varicella, and also in mycobacterial infection of the eye and fungal diseases of ocular structures. (
  • Prolonged use may suppress the host response and thus increase the hazard of secondary ocular infections. (
  • For the treatment of superficial ocular infections involving the conjunctiva and/or cornea caused by organisms susceptible to bacitracin zinc and polymyxin B sulfate. (
  • Use of this medication for prolonged or repeated periods may result in a new fungal ear infection. (
  • Casporyn HC (neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and hydrocortisone otic suspension) is an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory suspension used for the treatment of superficial bacterial infections of the external auditory (ear) canal caused by organisms susceptible to the action of the antibiotics, and for the treatment of infections of mastoidectomy and fenestration cavities caused by organisms susceptible to the antibiotics. (
  • For the treatment of superficial bacterial infections of the external auditory canal caused by organisms susceptible to the action of the antibiotics, and for the treatment of infections of mastoidectomy and fenestration cavities caused by organisms susceptible to the antibiotics. (
  • Fournier gangrene is usually secondary to perirectal or periurethral infections associated with local trauma, operative procedures, or urinary tract disease. (
  • What common complications are associated with infection with this pathogen? (
  • Since corticosteroids may inhibit the body's defense mechanism against infection, concomitant antimicrobial drugs may be used when this inhibition is considered to be clinically significant in a particular case. (
  • Many of the preterm infants with growth failure experienced medical complications from their prematurity, including sepsis (a blood infection) and necrotizing enterocolitis, a life-threatening condition affecting the intestines. (
  • Bacillaceae are widely distributed in natural environments, and their habitats are as varied as the niches humans have thought to sample. (
  • As with HIV in humans, FIV infection can result in progressive immune dysfunction, with a corresponding increase in a variety of infectious disease risks. (
  • Traditionally, the urinary tract has been thought to be sterile in the absence of a clinically identifiable infection. (
  • Enterobacter was also prominent, which can cause respiratory infections and urinary tract infections. (
  • This product is contraindicated in those individuals who have shown hypersensitivity to any of its components, and in herpes simplex, vaccinia, and varicella infections. (
  • Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: other ear problems (e.g., a hole in your eardrum, middle ear infection), an ear infection caused by a virus (e.g., herpes simplex, varicella). (
  • We report on the clinical presentation of two infants, one extremely preterm and one term born neonate, who developed severe B. cereus infection. (
  • Food poisoning caused by B. cereus infection requires treatments like electrolyte replacement and re-hydration. (
  • The three forms of the disease reflect the sites of infection which include cutaneous (skin), pulmonary (lung), and intestinal. (
  • Pulmonary and intestinal infections are often fatal if left untreated. (
  • In severe infections, dosage may be increased to as much as two drops every hour. (
  • General Information: This organism was isolated from a case of severe human tissue necrosis which is unusual since human infections by this organism are rare. (
  • Gym equipment can harbor germs that may cause infection. (
  • Such infections include conjunctivitis , keratitis and keratoconjunctivitis , blepharitis and blepharoconjunctivitis. (
  • Such infections encompass conjunctivitis, keratitis and keratoconjunctivitis, blepharitis and blepharoconjunctivitis. (
  • Efficacy for this organism in this organ system was studied in fewer than 10 infections. (
  • If the infection is not improved after 1 week, cultures and susceptibility tests should be repeated to verify the identity of the organism and to determine whether therapy should be changed. (
  • When using neomycin-containing products to control secondary infection in the chronic dermatoses, such as chronic otitis externa or stasis dermatitis, it should be borne in mind that the skin in these conditions is more liable than is normal skin to become sensitized to many substances, including neomycin. (
  • Oral and conjunctival swabs were collected from cats with FIV infection and FIV-uninfected controls, and subjected to 16S rRNA gene (V4) PCR and next generation sequencing. (
  • In terms of the prevention of pyogenic infections, normal sterile technique and the usual forms of prophylaxis are adequate. (
  • bacteremia, biofilm on a vascular catheter is a likely scenario and removal of the catheter is very helpful in resolving the infection. (
  • Meningitis is often complicated by encephalitis, a pathology that is unusual for bacterial infections. (
  • Apply the ointment topically into the conjunctival sac of the affected eye(s) every 3 or 4 hours for 7 to 10 days, depending on the severity of the infection. (
  • Antibiotic treatment was commenced for suspected perinatal infection (ampicillin 150mg/kg bd and gentamicin 3mg/kg loading dose, followed by 2mg/kg/d) after a central blood culture (BC) was taken. (
  • Reinfection after treatment of first cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection: a prospective observational cohort study. (
  • Multicenter study of high-dose daptomycin for treatment of enterococcal infections. (
  • 2000 . Treatment of tuberculosis infection, p. 471 -502. (
  • Infants with appropriate growth had a greater abundance of Veillonellaceae in study weeks two through nine and Streptococcaceae , Peptostreptococcaceae , Micrococcaceae , Lachnospiraceae , and Bacillaceae over various intervals. (