Azoxymethane: A potent carcinogen and neurotoxic compound. It is particularly effective in inducing colon carcinomas.Colonic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON.Carcinogens: Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.Rats, Inbred F344Aberrant Crypt Foci: Clusters of colonic crypts that appear different from the surrounding mucosa when visualized after staining. They are of interest as putative precursors to colorectal adenomas and potential biomarkers for colorectal carcinoma.Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.Azo CompoundsPrecancerous Conditions: Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Dextran Sulfate: Long-chain polymer of glucose containing 17-20% sulfur. It has been used as an anticoagulant and also has been shown to inhibit the binding of HIV-1 to CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES. It is commonly used as both an experimental and clinical laboratory reagent and has been investigated for use as an antiviral agent, in the treatment of hypolipidemia, and for the prevention of free radical damage, among other applications.Intestinal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the INTESTINES.Anticarcinogenic Agents: Agents that reduce the frequency or rate of spontaneous or induced tumors independently of the mechanism involved.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Tabebuia: A plant genus of the family BIGNONIACEAE that is a source of lapachol.Cocarcinogenesis: The combination of two or more different factors in the production of cancer.Colitis: Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.Methylazoxymethanol Acetate: The aglycone of CYCASIN. It acts as a potent carcinogen and neurotoxin and inhibits hepatic DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis.Corn Oil: Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.Monomethylhydrazine: Hydrazine substituted by one methyl group.Piroxicam: A cyclooxygenase inhibiting, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) that is well established in treating rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis and used for musculoskeletal disorders, dysmenorrhea, and postoperative pain. Its long half-life enables it to be administered once daily.Adenoma: A benign epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Duodenal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the DUODENUM.Cyclooxygenase 2: An inducibly-expressed subtype of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase. It plays an important role in many cellular processes and INFLAMMATION. It is the target of COX2 INHIBITORS.Fish Oils: Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.beta Catenin: A multi-functional catenin that participates in CELL ADHESION and nuclear signaling. Beta catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to the ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It also serves as a transcriptional co-activator and downstream component of WNT PROTEIN-mediated SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Nucleolus Organizer Region: The chromosome region which is active in nucleolus formation and which functions in the synthesis of ribosomal RNA.Dimethylhydrazines: Hydrazines substituted with two methyl groups in any position.Cell Transformation, Neoplastic: Cell changes manifested by escape from control mechanisms, increased growth potential, alterations in the cell surface, karyotypic abnormalities, morphological and biochemical deviations from the norm, and other attributes conferring the ability to invade, metastasize, and kill.Phytic Acid: Complexing agent for removal of traces of heavy metal ions. It acts also as a hypocalcemic agent.Carcinogenesis: The origin, production or development of cancer through genotypic and phenotypic changes which upset the normal balance between cell proliferation and cell death. Carcinogenesis generally requires a constellation of steps, which may occur quickly or over a period of many years.Rutin: A flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including BUCKWHEAT; TOBACCO; FORSYTHIA; HYDRANGEA; VIOLA, etc. It has been used therapeutically to decrease capillary fragility.Colorectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.Ornithine Decarboxylase: A pyridoxal-phosphate protein, believed to be the rate-limiting compound in the biosynthesis of polyamines. It catalyzes the decarboxylation of ornithine to form putrescine, which is then linked to a propylamine moiety of decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine to form spermidine.Chemoprevention: The use of chemical compounds to prevent the development of a specific disease.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Ursodeoxycholic Acid: An epimer of chenodeoxycholic acid. It is a mammalian bile acid found first in the bear and is apparently either a precursor or a product of chenodeoxycholate. Its administration changes the composition of bile and may dissolve gallstones. It is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.1,2-Dimethylhydrazine: A DNA alkylating agent that has been shown to be a potent carcinogen and is widely used to induce colon tumors in experimental animals.Sulindac: A sulfinylindene derivative prodrug whose sulfinyl moiety is converted in vivo to an active NSAID analgesic. Specifically, the prodrug is converted by liver enzymes to a sulfide which is excreted in the bile and then reabsorbed from the intestine. This helps to maintain constant blood levels with reduced gastrointestinal side effects.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Neoplasms, Experimental: Experimentally induced new abnormal growth of TISSUES in animals to provide models for studying human neoplasms.

Effect of meat (beef, chicken, and bacon) on rat colon carcinogenesis. (1/492)

High intake of red meat or processed meat is associated with increased risk of colon cancer. In contrast, consumption of white meat (chicken) is not associated with risk and might even reduce the occurrence of colorectal cancer. We speculated that a diet containing beef or bacon would increase and a diet containing chicken would decrease colon carcinogenesis in rats. One hundred female Fischer 344 rats were given a single injection of azoxymethane (20 mg/kg i.p.), then randomized to 10 different AIN-76-based diets. Five diets were adjusted to 14% fat and 23% protein and five other diets to 28% fat and 40% protein. Fat and protein were supplied by 1) lard and casein, 2) olive oil and casein, 3) beef, 4) chicken with skin, and 5) bacon. Meat diets contained 30% or 60% freeze-dried fried meat. The diets were given ad libitum for 100 days, then colon tumor promotion was assessed by the multiplicity of aberrant crypt foci [number of crypts per aberrant crypt focus (ACF)]. The ACF multiplicity was nearly the same in all groups, except bacon-fed rats, with no effect of fat and protein level or source (p = 0.7 between 8 groups by analysis of variance). In contrast, compared with lard- and casein-fed controls, the ACF multiplicity was reduced by 12% in rats fed a diet with 30% bacon and by 20% in rats fed a diet with 60% bacon (p < 0.001). The water intake was higher in bacon-fed rats than in controls (p < 0.0001). The concentrations of iron and bile acids in fecal water and total fatty acids in feces changed with diet, but there was no correlation between these concentrations and the ACF multiplicity. Thus the hypothesis that colonic iron, bile acids, or total fatty acids can promote colon tumors is not supported by this study. The results suggest that, in rats, beef does not promote the growth of ACF and chicken does not protect against colon carcinogenesis. A bacon-based diet appears to protect against carcinogenesis, perhaps because bacon contains 5% NaCl and increased the rats' water intake.  (+info)

Coordinate regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 and TGF-beta1 in replication error-positive colon cancer and azoxymethane-induced rat colonic tumors. (2/492)

Evidence is accumulating which indicates that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer. We evaluated the expression of COX-2 in replication error-positive (RER) colon cancers, colon cancers metastatic to liver and azoxymethane (AOM)-induced rat colonic tumors. Immunohistochemistry showed that COX-2 was low to undetectable in normal human mucosa, but abundant in the RER adenocarcinomas we examined. COX-2 immunoreactivity in metastatic colon cancers was less abundant, but clearly detectable. In the colon of AOM-treated rats, COX-2 protein was not detectable in normal mucosa, but present in most of the epithelial cells comprising the tumors. The TGF-beta1 staining pattern in these human and rat tumors was similar to that observed for COX-2. The role of TGF-beta in RER adenocarcinomas is complex because of the increased mutation rate of TGF-beta type II receptors. Northern analysis showed abundant TGF-beta1 mRNA in AOM-induced tumors, but not in paired mucosa. TGF-beta1 induced the expression of COX-2 mRNA and protein in intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6). Chronic TGF-beta1 treatment caused a TGF-beta-dependent overexpression of COX-2 in rat intestinal epithelial cells (RIE-1). TGF-beta1 may regulate COX-2 expression during the colonic adenoma to carcinoma sequence.  (+info)

Effect of retinoids on AOM-induced colon cancer in rats: modulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis and aberrant crypt foci. (3/492)

We have previously reported that the retinoids, 4-(hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4-HPR) and 9-cis-retinoic acid (RA) prevented azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon tumors and along with 2-(carboxyphenyl)retinamide (2-CPR) prevented aberrant crypt foci (ACF). In this study, we evaluated the effect of 2-CPR on AOM-induced colon tumors and the effect of the three retinoids on apoptosis and cell proliferation. Male F344 rats were administrated 15 mg/kg AOM at weeks 7 and 8 of age. 2-CPR (315 mg/kg) was administered in the diet starting either 1 week before or at week 12 after the first dose of AOM. The rats continued to receive the 2-CPR until killed at week 46. Unlike the demonstrated prevention of colon cancer by the other two retinoids, both dosing schedules of 2-CPR resulted in an approximate doubling of the yield of colon tumors. In adenomas, 2-CPR, 4-HPR and 9-cis-RA were equally effective in reducing mitotic activity, while only 4-HPR and 9-cis-RA but not 2-CPR enhanced apoptosis. When administered for only the 6 days prior to killing 4-HPR but not 2-CPR decreased the Mitotic Index and increased the Apoptotic Index in adenomas. In non-involved crypts, chronic exposure to 4-HPR and 9-cis-RA in contrast to 2-CPR reduced the Mitotic Index and enhanced the Apoptotic Index. In concurrence with our previous study, both 2-CPR and 4-HPR were very potent in preventing ACF when administered in the diet starting 1 week before the first dose of AOM and continuing for the 5 weeks of the study. Hence, unlike the other two retinoids, 2-CPR, although very potent in preventing ACF, enhanced rather than prevented AOM-induced colon cancer. Furthermore, our results suggest that the effect of 2-CPR on tumor yield is different from 4-HPR and 9-cis-RA because, unlike them, it does not enhance apoptosis.  (+info)

Prevention by aspirin and its combination with alpha-difluoromethylornithine of azoxymethane-induced tumors, aberrant crypt foci and prostaglandin E2 levels in rat colon. (4/492)

The dose-response relationship in male F344 rats was determined for the ability of aspirin administered in the diet to prevent azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon cancer and aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and to reduce prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels. Starting at either 7 or 22 weeks of age, the rats received aspirin. All rats received two doses of AOM (15 mg/kg each on days 7 and 14) and were killed on day 36. The lowest concentrations of aspirin to prevent ACF or reduce PGE2 levels were 600 and 400 mg/kg, respectively. To evaluate the prevention of tumors, rats received either 0 or 400 mg/kg aspirin for a total of 39 weeks with AOM (30 mg/kg) administered 7 days after the start of treatment. Aspirin had no effect on the yield of colon tumors. In a second experiment, rats started to receive 0, 200, 600 or 1800 mg/kg aspirin or 1000 mg/kg alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) +/- aspirin. Eight and 15 days later, all the rats received 15 mg/kg AOM. Eleven weeks later, animals that were receiving the control diet started to receive 0, 200, 600 or 1800 mg/kg aspirin; 1000 or 3000 mg/kg DFMO; or 1000 mg/kg DFMO + 200 or 600 mg/kg aspirin. The animals were killed 32 weeks later. DFMO effectively reduced the yield of colon tumors when administered starting either before or after AOM while aspirin was much weaker. The combination of aspirin + DFMO administered after AOM was synergistic. Both aspirin and DFMO decreased the Mitotic Index, while apoptosis was increased only by DFMO. Our results demonstrated that aspirin and DFMO could prevent colon cancer when administered after AOM. Furthermore, aspirin reduced ACF, PGE2 levels and mitosis at concentrations that did not prevent cancer. In contrast, the ability to enhance apoptosis did correlate with the prevention of cancer.  (+info)

Chemoprevention of colonic aberrant crypt foci by an inducible nitric oxide synthase-selective inhibitor. (5/492)

Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is overexpressed in colonic tumors of humans and also in rats treated with a colon carcinogen. iNOS appear to regulate cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and production of proinflammatory prostaglandins, which are known to play a key role in colon tumor development. Experiments were designed to study the inhibitory effects of S,S'-1,4-phenylene-bis(1,2-ethanediyl)bis-isothiourea (PBIT) a selective iNOS-specific inhibitor, measured against formation of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF). Beginning at 5 weeks of age, male F344 rats were fed experimental diets containing 0 or 50 p.p.m. of PBIT, or 2000 p.p.m. of curcumin (non-specific iNOS inhibitor). One week later, rats were injected s.c. with AOM (15 mg/kg body wt, once weekly for 2 weeks). At 17 weeks of age, all rats were killed, colons were evaluated for ACF formation and colonic mucosa was assayed for isoforms of COX and NOS activities. Both COX and iNOS activities in colonic mucosa of the AOM-treated rats were significantly induced. Importantly, 50 p.p.m. PBIT suppressed AOM-induced colonic ACF formation to 58% (P < 0.0001) and crypt multiplicity containing four or more crypts per focus to 78% (P < 0.0001); it also suppressed AOM-induced iNOS activity. Curcumin inhibited colonic ACF formation by 45% (P < 0.001). These observations suggest that iNOS may play a key regulatory role in colon carcinogenesis. Developing iNOS-specific inhibitors may provide a selective and safe chemopreventive strategy for colon cancer treatment.  (+info)

Preliminary analysis of azoxymethane-induced colon tumorigenesis in mouse aggregation chimeras. (6/492)

Inbred mice exhibit differential susceptibility to colon carcinogens. The following study addresses the possibility that differences are intrinsic to colonic mucosa (cell autonomous) or are mediated by extracolonic systemic factors (e.g. liver activation of carcinogens). Our approach was to construct mouse aggregation chimeras, mice whose tissues are a mosaic of cells derived from two parental genotypes, from a susceptible (SWR) and a resistant (DBA/2) strain. Forty-five embryo aggregations yielded 11 viable pups, four of which were chimeric by coat color. Six-week-old SWR<-->BA/2 chimeras were injected i.p. with azoxymethane (AOM) once a week for 8 weeks (5 and 7.5 mg/kg body wt for 2 weeks followed by 10 mg/kg for 6 weeks) and tumor incidence in distal colon was evaluated 15 weeks after the last injection. Additional groups of parental mice received the same treatment. In the parental SWR treatment group, 1.7 +/- 0.82 tumors/colon were found. No tumors were observed in AOM-treated DBA/2 mice. In SWR<-->DBA/2 chimeras exposed to AOM, 2.8 +/- 2.1 tumors/colon were found. Tumor lineage was examined in paraffin sections stained with Dolichos biflorus agglutinin-peroxidase, a cell surface specific marker that stains intestinal endothelial cells of SWR and epithelial cells of DBA/2. Cellular lineage of tumors was further evaluated by microsatellite analysis of DNA isolated by microdissection. There was no significant difference in tumor incidence between SWR parental and chimera treatment groups. Histochemical analysis of tumor tissue in chimeras suggested that most tumors were derived from SWR. However, subsequent genetic analysis of tumors indicated mixed parental composition. These preliminary studies suggest that DBA/2 resistance mechanisms are not sufficient to protect adjacent SWR-derived epithelium from the tumorigenic effects of AOM.  (+info)

Carcinogen and dietary lipid regulate ras expression and localization in rat colon without affecting farnesylation kinetics. (7/492)

Epidemiological and experimental data suggest that dietary fiber and fat are major determinants of colorectal cancer. However, the mechanisms by which these dietary constituents alter the incidence of colon cancer have not been elucidated. Evidence indicates that dominant gain-of-function mutations short-circuit protooncogenes and contribute to the pathogenesis of cancer. Therefore, we began to dissect the mechanisms whereby dietary fat and fiber, fed during the initiation, promotion and progression stages of colon tumorigenesis, regulate ras p21 localization, expression and mutation frequency. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (140) were provided with corn oil or fish oil and pectin or cellulose plus or minus the carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM) in a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design and killed after 34 weeks. We have previously shown adenocarcinoma incidence in these animals to be 70.3% (52/74) for corn oil + AOM and 56.1% (37/66) for fish oil + AOM (P < 0.05). Total ras expression as well as ras membrane:cytosol ratio was 4- to 6-fold higher in colon tumors than in mucosa from AOM- or saline-injected rats. Expression of ras in the mucosal membrane fraction was 13% higher for animals fed corn oil compared with fish oil feeding (P < 0.05), which is noteworthy since ras must be localized at the plasma membrane to function. The elevated ras membrane:cytosol ratio in tumors was not due to increased farnesyl protein transferase activity or prenylation state, as nearly all detectable ras was in the prenylated form. Phosphorylated p42 and p44 mitogen activated protein kinase (ERK) expression was two-fold higher in tumor extracts compared with uninvolved mucosa from AOM- and saline-injected rats (P < 0.05). The frequency of K-ras mutations was not significantly different between the various groups, but there was a trend toward a greater incidence of mutations in tumors from corn oil fed rats (85%) compared with fish oil fed rats (58%). Our results indicate that the carcinogen-induced changes in ras expression and membrane localization are associated with the in vivo activation of the ERK pathway. In addition, suppression of tumor development by dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may be partly due to a combined effect on colonic ras expression, membrane localization, and mutation frequency.  (+info)

Polyethylene-glycol, a potent suppressor of azoxymethane-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci in rats. (8/492)

Bulking fibers and high water intake may decrease colon carcinogenesis in rats, and the risk of colorectal cancer in humans. We speculated that a non-fermented polymer, polyethylene-glycol (PEG) 8000, which increases stool moisture, might protect rats against colon carcinogenesis. Thirty female F344 rats were given a single injection of azoxymethane (20 mg/kg), and 7 days later randomized to AIN76 diets containing PEG (to provide 3 g/kg body wt/day), or no PEG (control). Diets were given ad libitum for 105 days, then colon carcinogenesis was assessed by the aberrant crypt foci (ACF) test. ACF were scored blindly by a single observer. Dietary feeding of PEG almost suppressed ACF larger than one crypt, and strikingly decreased the total number of ACF per rat. PEG-fed rats had 100 times less large ACF than controls (0.8 and 83 respectively, P = 0.00001). PEG-fed rats had 20 times less total ACF than control (six and 107 ACF/rat, respectively; P < 0.0001). Two treated rats had no detectable ACF. PEG is 10 times more potent than other chemopreventive agents in this model. Since PEG is generally recognized as safe, its cancer-preventive features could be tested in humans.  (+info)

*Azoxymethane

... (AOM) is a carcinogenic and neurotoxic chemical compound used in biological research. It is the oxide of ... Azoxymethane at Sigma-Aldrich CID 33184 from PubChem. ...

*Prostaglandin EP1 receptor

It promotes colon cancer development in Azoxymethane-induced and APC gene knockout mice. 3) It promotes hypertension in ...

*Furanolactone

"A bitter diterpenoid furanolactone columbin from Calumbae Radix inhibits azoxymethane-induced rat colon carcinogenesis". Cancer ...

*Juglone

Inhibitory effects of plumbagin and juglone on azoxymethane-induced intestinal carcinogenesis in rats. Cancer Lett. 1998, 127, ...

*Indefinite lifespan

"Apigenin and naringenin suppress colon carcinogenesis through the aberrant crypt stage in azoxymethane-treated rats". ...

*Mouse model of colorectal and intestinal cancer

Azoxymethane (AOM) is a genotoxic colonic carcinogen and is routinely used to induce colon tumours in mice. The AOM-induced ... Treatment of this mouse model with the procarcinogen azoxymethane (AOM) leads to formation of dysplastic microadenomas in the ... "A novel inflammation-related mouse colon carcinogenesis model induced by azoxymethane and dextran sodium sulfate". Cancer Sci. ...

*Black vinegar

Inhibits Azoxymethane-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis in Male F344 Rats". Nutrition and Cancer. 49 (2): 170-3. doi:10.1207/ ...

*Falcarinol

... on Development of Azoxymethane-Induced Preneoplastic Lesions in the Rat Colon". Journal of Acricultural and Food ... containing raw carrots or isolated falcarinol were a third less likely to develop full-scale tumors induced by azoxymethane ...

*Hedera

Falcarinol on Development of Azoxymethane-Induced Preneoplastic Lesions in the Rat Colon". Journal of Acricultural and Food ...

*Alpha-Eleostearic acid

Diets containing 0.01% bitter gourd seed oil (0.006% as α-eleostearic acid) were found to prevent azoxymethane-induced colon ... "Dietary seed oil rich in conjugated linolenic acid from bitter melon inhibits azoxymethane-induced rat colon carcinogenesis ...

*O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase

However, stressful treatment of mice with azoxymethane and dextran sulphate caused more than four colonic tumors per MGMT ...

*List of vegetable oils

"Dietary seed oil rich in conjugated linolenic acid from bitter melon inhibits azoxymethane-induced rat colon carcinogenesis ...

*Eflornithine

... azoxymethane, methylnitrosourea, and hydroxybutylnitrosamine in the brain, spinal cord, intestine, mammary gland, and urinary ...

*Index of oncology articles

... azoxymethane - AZQ - AZT B cell - B lymphocyte - B3 antigen - B43-PAP immunotoxin - B7-1 - Bacillus Calmette Guérin - bacterial ...

*Azoxy

... azoxymethane are suspected to be genotoxic. IUPAC, Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book") (1997). Online ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of diets fortified with tomatoes or onions with variable quercetin-glycoside content on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci in the colon of rats. AU - Femia, A.P.. AU - Caderni, G.. AU - Ianni, M.. AU - Salvadori, M.. AU - Schijlen, E.G.W.M.. AU - Collins, G.. AU - Bovy, A.G.. AU - Dolara, P.. PY - 2003. Y1 - 2003. N2 - Background: Onion and tomato are vegetables widely consumed by humans and epidemiological studies show an inverse association between vegetable consumption and colon cancer risk; however, the effect on colon cancer of diets containing high levels of vegetables like onion and tomato are not clear. Aims of the study: To investigate whether tomatoes and onions,with low or high quercetin-glycoside content, could reduce azoxymethane (AOM)-induced Aberrant Crypt Foci (ACF), preneoplastic lesions in the colon of rats. Methods: Male Fisher 344 rats were fed the following diets: a) high fat (HF) diet (control diet); b) HF diet containing 20 % (w/w) tomatoes ...
Background and aims: The molecular mechanisms underlying the promotion of colorectal carcinogenesis by a high-fat diet (HFD) remain unclear. We investigated the role of the insulin-signal pathway and the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway, which reportedly play crucial roles in insulin resistance, during colorectal carcinogenesis in the presence of hyperinsulinemia induced by a HFD.. Methods: Azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci formation and cell proliferation in the colonic epithelium were compared between mice fed a normal diet (ND) and mice fed a HFD. A western blot analysis was performed to elucidate the mechanism affecting colorectal carcinogenesis by a HFD.. Results: The number of aberrant crypt foci and the colonic epithelial cell proliferative activity were significantly higher in the HFD group than in the ND group. While the plasma insulin level was significantly higher in the HFD group than in the ND group, a western blot analysis revealed the inactivation of Akt, which is ...
Severe combined immunodeficiency (Scid) mice have defects in V(D)J recombination and DNA double-strand breaks repair caused by an inherited genetic defect in the catalytic subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKcs). Scid mice are highly susceptible to development of T-cell lymphomas, and because of the nature of its association with DNA repair and recombination, DNA-PKcs is considered to belong to the caretaker class of tumor suppressor genes. In the present study, the susceptibility of Scid mice to colon carcinogenesis due to administration of azoxymethane (AOM) was investigated. Significantly higher susceptibility in terms of induction of both aberrant crypt foci (ACFs), putative pre-cancerous lesions of the colon and colon cancers was observed as compared with the isogenic strain, C.B-17 mice. The incidences of colon tumors, either adenomas or adenocarcinomas, in Scid and C.B-17 mice after administration of AOM (10 mg/kg body weight/week) for 6 weeks were 87% (26 of 30) and 50% (15 of ...
Cell cycle variations and DNA aneuploidy, were investigated in different phases of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon carcinogenesis in rats by flow cytometry. K-ras gene mutations (transitions Gright curved arrow A) were frequently detected in aberrant crypt foci (ACF) initial pre-neoplastic lesions. The fraction of cells in the G2M-phase of the cell cycle was higher in ACF compared to the normal mucosa of control rats. A similar modification of the cell cycle was found in adenomas and adenocarcinomas but, unexpectedly, also in morphologically normal mucosa from AOM-treated animals indicating that AOM treatment permanently modifies cell cycle control in rat colon mucosa. These alterations, however, were not associated with DNA aneuploidy as reported in human sporadic colorectal cancer, suggesting that tumour development in AOM-treated rats is less dependent on aneuploidy.. ...
Purpose: Colon cancer is a major cause of cancer deaths. Dietary factors contribute substantially to the risk of this malignancy. Western-style diets promote development of azoxymethane-induced colon cancer. Although we showed that epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) controlled azoxymethane tumorigenesis in standard fat conditions, the role of EGFR in tumor promotion by high dietary fat has not been examined.. Experimental Design: A/J × C57BL6/J mice with wild-type Egfr (Egfrwt) or loss-of-function waved-2 Egfr (Egfrwa2) received azoxymethane followed by standard (5% fat) or western-style (20% fat) diet. As F1 mice were resistant to azoxymethane, we treated mice with azoxymethane followed by one cycle of inflammation-inducing dextran sulfate sodium to induce tumorigenesis. Mice were sacrificed 12 weeks after dextran sulfate sodium. Tumors were graded for histology and assessed for EGFR ligands and proto-oncogenes by immunostaining, Western blotting, and real-time PCR.. Results: Egfrwt mice ...
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is potential target for inflammation and cancer. Previously, we have shown that S,S′‐1,4‐Phenylenebis(1,2‐ethanediyl)bisisothiourea (PBIT) inhibit colon carcinogenesis induced by azoxymethane (AOM). Although, colon cancer inhibitory efficacy of PBIT has been significant, selective iNOS inhibitors do not completely abrogate NO production due to the exogenous bioavailability and NO generation by eNOS in tumor tissues. To create an iNOS selective and multi‐targeted molecule, we have developed a novel isosteric analogue of PBIT, namely PBISe in which sulfur was replaced with selenium. We examined the chemopreventive efficacy of PBISe on AOM‐induced rat colon carcinogenesis model using aberrant crypt foci (ACF) as end point. At seven weeks of age, rats (12/group) were fed the control diet (AIN 76A) and colonic ACF were induced by AOM. Three days after second AOM treatment, rats were fed the diets containing 0, 10 and 20 ppm of PBI‐Se and continued ...
Azoxymethane (AOM) is a colon carcinogen that is used to study the pathogenesis of sporadic colorectal cancer. We have evaluated differential susceptibility to AOM in inbred mice used as progenitors of recombinant/transgenic lines. In experiment 1, male FVB/N, 129/SvJ, C57Bl/6J mice were treated i.p. with 10 mg/kg AOM once per week for 4 weeks and sacrificed after 20 weeks. Only AOM-treated FVB/N mice developed tumors (3.6 tumors/mouse) in distal colon. In experiment 2, A/J, AKR/J, Balb/CJ mice were treated with AOM for 6 weeks and sacrificed after 24 weeks. AOM-treated A/J and Balb/CJ mice developed 9.2 and 1 tumor/mouse, respectively. Despite these differences, tumors had similar morphology regardless of strain. Immunohistochemistry with β-catenin resulted in marked nuclear and cytoplasmic staining of tumor cells in FVB/N. However, fainter and heterogeneous β-catenin staining was observed in A/J tumors, suggesting distinct pathways of tumorigenesis in different strains. Irrespective of ...
Results A single bout of exercise increased the expression and secretion of SPARC in skeletal muscle in both mice and humans. In addition, in an azoxymethane-induced colon cancer mouse model, regular low-intensity exercise significantly reduced the formation of aberrant crypt foci in wild-type mice but not in SPARC-null mice. Furthermore, regular exercise enhanced apoptosis in colon mucosal cells and increased the cleaved forms of caspase-3 and caspase-8 in wild-type mice but not in SPARC-null mice. Culture experiments showed that SPARC secretion from myocytes was induced by cyclic stretch and inhibited proliferation with apoptotic effect of colon cancer cells.. ...
The preventive effect of polysaccharide of Larimichthys crocea swimming bladder (PLCSB) and the increase of this effect by use of resistant starch (RS3) as the carrier for PLCSB on azoxymethane (AOM) and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-inducing colon carcinogenesis in C57BL/6 mice has been studied. RS3 microspheres carrying PLCSB (RS3 + PLCSB) were produced and evaluated as a potentially improved colon carcinogenesis therapy for this study. The body weight, colon length, and colon weight of mice were determined, and colonic tissues were histologically observed. The serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines and the inflammation and apoptosis-related genes in colonic tissue were also tested. The PLCSB or RS3 + PLCSB significantly suppressed AOM and DSS-induced body weight loss, colon length shortening and decreased the colon weight to length ratio. PLCSB or RS3 + PLCSB reduced the levels of the serum pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-12, TNF-α, and IFN-γ to a greater extent compared with the control
The main objective of this proposal was to investigate the effect of vitamin B6 on colon carcinogenesis in vivo. Two in vivo studies were conducted to determine the role of vitamin B6 as a biological modifier of colon carcinogenesis. It is hypothesized that vitamin B6 may serve as an antioxidant in vivo and will modulate colon carcinogenesis. In the first study, a 2X3 factorial experimental design was used to determine if three different levels of vitamin B6, classified as low, normal and high in conjunction with two different levels of protein intake, classified as normal or high, will affect post-initiation stages of colon carcinogenesis, in Sprague-Dawley rats. Male Sprague-Dawley male were injected with azoxymethane for two weeks (15mg/kg/week) and then one week later they were allocated to different dietary treatment groups. After eight weeks, the effects of dietary treatment on hematological status, oxidative stress markers and antioxidant enzymes, as well as enumeration of preneoplastic ...
Previous work suggests that vagus nerve disruption reduces hepatocyte and oval cell expansion following liver injury. The role of post-neuronal receptor activation in response to liver injury has not been ascertained. We investigated the actions of scopolamine, a non-selective muscarinic receptor antagonist, and specific genetic ablation of a key cholinergic receptor, muscarinic subtype-3 (Chrm3), on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced liver injury in mice. Animal weights and survival were measured as was liver injury using both gross and microscopic examination. To assess hepatocyte proliferation and apoptosis, ductular hyperplasia and oval cell expansion, we used morphometric analysis of BrdU-, activated caspase-3-, H&E-, CK-19- and EpCAM-stained liver sections. Sirius red staining was used as a measure of collagen deposition and its association with oval cell reaction. In AOM-treated mice, both muscarinic receptor blockade with scopolamine and Chrm3 ablation attenuated hepatocyte proliferation and ...
1523 Male Crj: CD-1 (ICR) mice were given a single and low dose of a genotoxic colonic carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM, 10 mg/kg bw, i.p. injection) followed by one-week oral exposure (2% in drinking water) of a non-genotoxic carcinogen dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) to develop an efficient and rapid animal model for colon carcinogenesis. Animals were sequentially sacrificed at Wks 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12 and 20 for macroscopic and histopathological examinations. At Wk 3, colonic adenomas developed in 2 of 5 mice (40% incidence with 0.4 ± 0.5 multiplicity). Colonic adenocarcinomas were seen in 2 of 5 mice (40% incidence with 2.0 ± 3.5 multiplicity) at Wk 4. After this time point, the incidence and multiplicity of colonic neoplasms gradually increased with time and reached to 100% incidence at Wk 6. At Wk 20, the multiplicities of adenocarcinoma and adenoma were 5.60 ± 2.42 (100% incidence) and 0.20 ± 0.40 (38% incidence), respectively. Besides these neoplasms, dysplastic lesions and aberrabt crypt ...
Epidemiological studies indicate that tobacco smoking is a risk factor for colon cancer. However, the etiological agents in tobacco smoke remain uncertain. Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) that are produced during high-temperature cooking of the proteinaceous food are associated with the elevated risk of colon cancer. Tobacco smoking also produces HAAs, the most abundant one being 2-amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC). The carcinogenic potency of AαC is unknown in humans, but AαC forms DNA adducts in multiple organs, including liver and colon, as well as being carcinogenic in rodents. In this study, AαC-induced colon cancer risk was assessed by determining DNA adducts and putative colonic precancerous lesions, aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and dysplastic ACF. For comparison, the HAA, 2-amino-3,4-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (MeIQ), a liver and colon carcinogen in mice, and azoxymethane (AOM), a potent colon carcinogen in rodents, were also administered. AαC (400 ppm) or MeIQ (300 ppm) were ...
As the Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA) kicks off Australias Healthy Weight Week today, new research shows that cooking at home more often means Australians will up their fruit and vegetable intake, helping win the war on weight.. The research, involving more than 1,300 people, found those who spent the most time preparing and cooking meals ate more fruit and vegetables and spent less money on food away from home, compared with those who spent the least amount of time in the kitchen.. "Given more than nine in 10 Australians dont eat the recommended five serves of vegetables a day, and 63 per cent of adults are overweight or obese, and that number is rising, this is important research," Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA) spokesperson and Co-Director of the Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition at the University of Newcastle, Professor Clare Collins said.. Professor Collins said the quality of a persons diet was a good way of predicting weight; and ...
Healthy Weight Week signifies the importance of balance diet and healthy lifestyle. Being healthy does not mean losing weight and going on a diet. It means pursuing livable and sustainable healthy lifestyle through eating well, living actively and feeling good. Bentham Science publishes important research publications that promote this idea. Click here to find related…
Chronic inflammation characterizing patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) represents a major risk factor for the development of colorectal cancer. Mechanisms underlying this neoplastic transformation are not fully understood though studies in experimental models of colon carcinogenesis suggest that inflammatory cell-derived cytokines either directly or indirectly stimulate the uncontrolled growth of cancer cells. Nevertheless, under specific inflammatory conditions, immune cells can boost an anti-tumor immune response with the down-stream effect of eliminating dysplastic and cancerous cells. This review outlines the beneficial and detrimental role of inflammation in colon carcinogenesis.
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Mustard seeds (MS), which are consumed in considerable amounts by the Japanese people that, interestingly, have the longest life expectancy in the world, are known to contain a number of yet not fully defined but quite powerful anti-oxidants. A suspension of extracted MS was found to suppress oxidized-LDL-induced macrophage respiratory burst in vitro, to prevent growth, and to induce apoptotic death of SW480 cells (a human colon cancer cell line), while no such effects were found for normal 3T3 cells. A diet enriched with MS decreased plasma levels of the lipid peroxidation product malonaldehyde in mice exposed to the colon cancer-inducer azoxymethane (AOM). Such a diet also dose-dependently enhanced the activity of several anti-oxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and GSH-peroxidase and, moreover, reduced AOM-mediated formation of colon adenomas by about 50%. Further studies are required to detail and explore the beneficial effects of MS and their rich content of ...
Preventive intervention of colorectal cancer has become essential as a major portion of the population may develop the disease at some points during their lives. Diet and nutrition play an important role during this multistep colon carcinogenic process. Inhibitory activity of aqueous suspensions of garlic and tomato, individually and in combination, were tested on azoxymethane induced colon carcinogenesis in Sprague-Dawley rats. The effect was observed on aberrant crypt foci (ACF), the preneoplastic lesion. To investigate the mechanism of action of the agents used, cell proliferation and the level of apoptosis were determined and the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein was analyzed in the colon. Following treatment, significant inhibition of the level of cell proliferation (P|0.01 in garlic; P|0.001 in tomato and P|0.001 in combination treatment group with respect to the carcinogen control group), significant induction of apoptosis (P|0.01 in garlic treated; P|0.01 in tomato treated and P|0
The dose-response relationship in male F344 rats was determined for the ability of aspirin administered in the diet to prevent azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon cancer and aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and to reduce prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels. Starting at either 7 or 22 weeks of age, the rats received aspirin. All rats received two doses of AOM (15 mg/kg each on days 7 and 14) and were killed on day 36. The lowest concentrations of aspirin to prevent ACF or reduce PGE2 levels were 600 and 400 mg/kg, respectively. To evaluate the prevention of tumors, rats received either 0 or 400 mg/kg aspirin for a total of 39 weeks with AOM (30 mg/kg) administered 7 days after the start of treatment. Aspirin had no effect on the yield of colon tumors. In a second experiment, rats started to receive 0, 200, 600 or 1800 mg/kg aspirin or 1000 mg/kg α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) +/- aspirin. Eight and 15 days later, all the rats received 15 mg/kg AOM. Eleven weeks later, animals that were receiving the control ...
It is pertinent however to determine wholesome cooking strategies in addition to consuming habits in methods to not intervene with the nutritious worth of meals Mother Nature intended. Have you ever ever gone through a grueling weight reduction program for a very long time, solely to seek out out later that youve hit a wall when it comes to outcomes. You wont end up tempted almost as much if your forbidden foods arent simply accessible. Correctly, chances are youll need to do additional than merely discovering a meals plan reply program. He did it greater than 50 years earlier. One factor to remember when deciding how one can go about shedding pounds is that there is no such thing as a single greatest way to lose weight. This can be a weight loss program thats loaded with numerous greens and fruits, chemopreventive effects of dietary canola oil on colon cancer development with the lean meats and likewise other protein sources. Due to this actuality, it is best to avoid excessive consumption ...
The goal of this study was to characterize p53 tumor suppressor pathway in colon-specific carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM)-induced mouse colon tumor and to assess the usefulness of this animal model to evaluate novel anti-cancer drugs. The acute exposure of mice to AOM showed no overall induction of p53-regulated genes. Subdued p53 gene activation in the colon corresponded to a drop in the expression of its transcriptional co-activator, p300. The status of p53 pathway was further analyzed using AOM-induced mouse colon tumor and the cell line (AJ02-NM0) generated from the primary tumor. Wild type p53 protein, constitutively expressed in this model, showed no detectable DNA binding activity nor did it activate p21 expression. The cell line studies revealed that p53 activity was inhibited by a constitutive interaction with Mdm2. The p53-activating p19/ARF protein did not appear to have significant effect on the standing of p53 pathway in this cell line. p53 was activated by Doxorubicin, 5-FU and the recently
But early in colon cancer development, these growth-controlling hormones are "lost" and not expressed, disrupting GCCs activity, and, Dr. Waldman believes, contributing to tumor formation. Using two separate mouse models that mimic the development of colon cancer in people, his team showed that GCC signaling blocks such tumors from forming. According to Dr. Waldman, the group found that GCC stops tumors from forming through two different mechanisms. In one case, it controls cell growth, while in the other, it maintains "regulation of genomic integrity.". In one mouse cancer model, the animals carried mutations in the APC gene, which causes colon polyps that frequently lead to colon cancer. Mice in the other cancer-development model were exposed to a commonly used experimental cancer-causing agent, azoxymethane. "We modeled both ways that humans develop colon cancer, and studied the effects of a lack of GCC on the incidence of colon cancer development," he explains.. "We found that in animals ...
Myeloid Translocation Gene, Related-1 (MTGR1) CBFA2T2 is a member of the Myeloid Translocation Gene (MTG) family of transcriptional corepressors. The remaining two family members, MTG8 (RUNX1T1) and MTG16 (CBFA2T3) are identified as targets of chromosomal translocations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Mtgr1(-/-) mice have defects in intestinal lineage allocation and wound healing. Moreover, these mice show signs of impaired intestinal stem cell function. Based on these phenotypes, we hypothesized that MTGR1 may influence tumorigenesis arising in an inflammatory background. We report that Mtgr1(-/-) mice were protected from tumorigenesis when injected with azoxymethane (AOM) and then subjected to repeated cycles of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). Tumor cell proliferation was comparable, but Mtgr1(-/-) tumors had significantly higher apoptosis rates. These phenotypes were dependent on epithelial injury, the resultant inflammation, or a combination of both as there was no difference in aberrant ...
Tanaka Takuji , Sugie Shigeyuki Journal of toxicologic pathology 20(4), 215-235, 2007-12-25 J-STAGE 医中誌Web 参考文献192件 ...
Bielas and colleagues first set out to analyze mutation rates in mitochondrial DNA because they wanted to see if it could act as a surrogate for nuclear DNA as a cancer biomarker. "Cells contain a thousandfold more mitochondrial genetic material than nuclear DNA, so theoretically youd need a thousand times less tissue to get the same genetic information to predict clinical outcomes such as how fast a tumor would progress or whether it would be resistant to therapy," Bielas said.. While mitochondrial DNA proved to be an unreliable stand-in for nuclear DNA as a cancer biomarker, it offers promise as a new drug target.. "If we could increase DNA damage and mutation within the mitochondrial genome, theoretically we could decrease cancer," Bielas said. "Thats what were testing now. This is a whole new hypothesis.". The way mitochondria maintain genetic stability in the face of cancer, Bielas suggests, may be because unlike normal cells, cancer cells do not need oxygen to survive. In fact, cancer ...
Sedlis, A and Stone, D F., "Experimental carcinogenesis in pregnant mice, a preliminary report." (1965). Subject Strain Bibliography 1965. 820 ...
Stanford University School of Medicine found that 63 percent of participants in a study who had a positive body image were more successful at losing and maintaining weight for a year compared to a 26 percent success rate for those who were dissatisfied with their appearance (Source: Shape). How can you work toward develop a positive body image? By realizing that fitness is not a number; it is a way of life. Avoid choosing a "perfect weight" for yourself. Instead, think of your ideal weight as a zone, or a range of weight in which you feel comfortable and beautiful. If you focus on healthy lifestyle instead of a number or a measurement, you can feel truly satisfied ...
Dr. Mathew Meeneghan joins Debbie Bosque at KULM-FM 98.3 to discuss colon cancer on The Doctors Point of View radio show. Dr. Meeneghan talks about colon cancer development, treatment and screening procedures like colonoscopies.
Physicians have long suspected a link between carbohydrate intake and colon cancer development, and a recent study may have illuminated the sought-after link.
Routine fortification of food with folic acid was implemented in the U.S. in 1996 to reduce the risk of birth defects in newborns. Widespread fortification in c...
US28 is a constitutively active chemokine receptor encoded by CMV (also referred to as human herpesvirus 5), a highly prevalent human virus that infects a broad spectrum of cells, including intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). To study the role of US28 in vivo, we created transgenic mice (VS28 mice) in which US28 expression was targeted to IECs. Expression of US28 was detected in all IECs of the small and large intestine, including in cells expressing leucine rich repeat containing GPCR5 (Lgr5), a marker gene of intestinal epithelial stem cells. US28 expression in IECs inhibited glycogen synthase 3β (GSK-3β) function, promoted accumulation of β-catenin protein, and increased expression of Wnt target genes involved in the control of the cell proliferation. VS28 mice showed a hyperplastic intestinal epithelium and, strikingly, developed adenomas and adenocarcinomas by 40 weeks of age. When exposed to an inflammation-driven tumor model (azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate), VS28 mice developed a
Natural killer (NK) cells are an essential component of innate immunity against cancer development. Many studies have been conducted to evaluate immune-modulating effects using dietary compounds. Our laboratory has been investigating the chemopreventive potential of black raspberries (BRBs) and previously demonstrated their beneficial modulation of genetic and epigenetic biomarkers in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The current study investigated their potential on modulating NK cells. To avoid the excessive inflammation caused by the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) treatment that leads to colitis, we treated the mice with overnight DSS so that it would slightly irritate the colon but still promote colon carcinogenesis with 100% incidence in both the Apc(Min/+) mice and azoxymethane (AOM)-treated mice ...
Recent research from the laboratory of Michael Karin, PhD, at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine - the first researcher to demonstrate a molecular link between inflammation and cancer - has identified ...
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Processed meat intake is associated with colorectal cancer risk, but no experimental study supports the epidemiologic evidence. To study the effect of meat processing on carcinogenesis promotion, we first did a 14-day study with 16 models of cured meat. Studied factors, in a 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 design, were muscle color (a proxy for heme level), processing temperature, added nitrite, and packaging. Fischer 344 rats were fed these 16 diets, and we evaluated fecal and urinary fat oxidation and cytotoxicity, three biomarkers of heme-induced carcinogenesis promotion. A principal component analysis allowed for selection of four cured meats for inclusion into a promotion study. These selected diets were given for 100 days to rats pretreated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine. Colons were scored for preneoplastic lesions: aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and mucin-depleted foci (MDF). Cured meat diets significantly increased the number of ACF/colon compared with a no-meat control diet (P = 0.002). Only the cooked ...
In exploring the genetics of mitochondria - the powerhouse of the cell - researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have stumbled upon a finding that challenges previously held beliefs about the role of mutations in cancer development.. For the first time, researchers have found that the number of new mutations are significantly lower in cancers than in normal cells.. "This is completely opposite of what we see in nuclear DNA, which has an increased overall mutation burden in cancer," said cancer geneticist Jason Bielas, Ph.D., whose findings are published in the June 7 issue of PLoS Genetics.. Mutations are changes in the genetic sequence of a cells genome and can occur as a result of environmental exposure to viruses, radiation and certain chemicals, or due to spontaneous errors during cell division or DNA replication.. Mitochondria, which are primarily responsible for the cells energy production, are semi-autonomous; similar to the nucleus, they have their own set of DNA, which ...
SEATTLE - June 7, 2012 - In exploring the genetics of mitochondria - the powerhouse of the cell - researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have stumbled upon a finding that challenges previously held beliefs about the role of mutations in cancer development.
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:. I. To determine mean percentage change from baseline in prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) within ACF pre and post 30 days of curcumin administration at a specified dose.. SECONDARY OBJECTIVS:. I. To determine mean percentage change from baseline in 5-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) within ACF pre and post 30 days of curcumin administration at a specified dose.. II. To determine mean percentage change from baseline in PGE2 and 5-HETE within comparison normal mucosa pre and post 30 days of curcumin administration at a specified dose.. III. To quantify corresponding enzyme changes in the cyclooxygenases (COX-1, COX-2,) and lipoxygenase (5-LOX) protein abundance. Semi-quantitative changes in these proteins will be measured by western blotting and correlated with changes in prostaglandins and leukotrienes respectively.. IV. Document changes in total ACF number. V. Determine proliferation by Ki-67 IHC in rectal mucosa pre and post therapy and correlate with changes in ACF number and ...
Potential application of targeting miRNAs is increasing in gene therapy testing and preclinical studies. The development of mouse models generates key biological and molecular events based on human conditions. The efficacy of miRNA-mediated CRC therapy is following current technologies through various strategies.. Traditional preclinical mouse models of CRC induced by colitis - associated cancer (CAC) have been established with two drugs of azoxymethane (AOM) and DSS as the results of mutations containing PI3K, K-ras and catenin pathways. Another CDX2P-NLS Cre;Apc+/loxP (CPC; Apc) mouse model harbors a truncating mutation affecting one APC allele [131]. Compared to normal tissues, 57 miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in tumors in the AOM/DSS model while 35 miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in polyps from CPC; Apc mice [132]. Among the overexpressed miRNAs, miR-135b is consistently the highest expressed one in both models. High miR-135b expression is correlated with tumor stage and poor overall ...
Inflammation affects all stages of tumorigenesis. A key signaling pathway leading to acute and chronic inflammation is through activation of the caspase-1 inflammasome. Inflammasome complexes are assembled on activation of certain nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat-containing proteins (NLR), AIM2-like receptors, or pyrin. Of these, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRC4, NLRP6, and AIM2 influence the pathogenesis of cancer by modulating innate and adaptive immune responses, cell death, proliferation, and/or the gut microbiota. Activation of the inflammasome and IL18 signaling pathways is largely protective in colitis-associated colorectal cancer, whereas excessive inflammation driven by the inflammasome or the IL1 signaling pathways promotes breast cancer, fibrosarcoma, gastric carcinoma, and lung metastasis in a context-dependent manner. The clinical relevance of inflammasomes in multiple forms of cancer highlights their therapeutic promise as molecular targets. In this review, we explore the ...
Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor type 2 (HER2) is over expressed in 20.0-30.0% of breast cancers and is currently evaluated histopathologically. Immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization require invasive enucleation of the tumor tissue and may be affected by heterogeneity. Serum marker tests are more objective because of the uniformity of the study material. Serum HER2 levels are important for breast cancer care. However, the clinical utility of serum HER2 testing is unclear. We evaluated serum HER2 as a marker of therapeutic response in breast cancer.
Immunologists at St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital have discovered that a protein called NLRC3 plays a central role in inhibiting colon cells from becoming cancerous. The study, led by Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti, Ph.D., a member of the St. Jude Department of Immunology, appears online today in the journal Nature. Researchers found that deleting the protective NLRC3 protein exacerbates colon cancer development. They .... Read More » ...
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Background Obesity and associated hormonal disturbances are risk factors for colon cancer. Cytosolic Malic Enzyme (ME1) generates NADPH used for lipogenesis in gastrointestinal (GI), liver and adipose tissues. We have reported that inclusion of soy protein isolate (SPI) in the diet lowered body fat content and colon tumor incidence of rats fed AIN-93G diet, while others have demonstrated SPI inhibition of rat hepatic ME1 expression. The present study examined the individual and combined effects of dietary SPI and absence of ME1 on: 1) serum concentrations of hormones implicated in colon cancer development, 2) expression of lipogenic and proliferation-associated genes in the mouse colon and small intestine, and 3) liver and adipose expression of lipogenic and adipocytokine genes that may contribute to colon cancer predisposition. Methods Weanling wild type (WT) and ME1 null (MOD-1) male mice were fed high-fat (HF), iso-caloric diets containing either casein (CAS) or SPI as sole protein source for 5 wks
Evidence strongly supported a link between inflammation and cancer. Patients with colitis have high risk for development of colon cancer. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-B), partially induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binding to Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, is a vital molecule in supervising the transformation of colitis to colon cancer. It could be a good strategy to prevent colitis carcinogenesis for targeting LPS/TLR4/NF-B pathway. In the present study, we obtained an oligogalactan composed of five galacturonic acids from apple pectin and evaluated its protective efficacy on intestinal toxicities and carcinogenesis in a mouse model of colitis-associated colon cancer induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). The apple oligogalactan (AOG) was highly effective against intestinal toxicities and carcinogenesis and decreased the elevated levels of TLR4 and tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-) induced by inflammation in vivo in this model system. In vitro studies, AOG alone only ...
Background: Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) are considered to be useful as surrogate biomarker for colorectal cancer (CRC), but the biological significance of ACF remains controversial. We attempted to investigate the relationship between the presence of ACF and human colorectal carcinogenesis using a relatively large sample size.. Methods: We carried out high-magnification chromoscopic colonoscopy to identify ACFs in 861 subjects undergoing a diagnostic endoscopy at the Yokohama City University Hospital. The present study compared the prevalence and number of ACFs in three subject groups (normal subjects, adenoma cases, and CRC cases). The correlations between the demographic and behavioral characteristics of the subjects and the prevalence of ACFs were also assessed.. Results: The prevalence of ACF was 64%, 88%, and 95%, and the mean number of ACF was 3.6, 6.2, and 10.1, in normal subjects, adenoma cases, and CRC cases, respectively. When differences in the prevalence and number of ACFs among age- ...
A new study looks at the effect of Lactobacillus reuteri, a probiotic, on colon cancer development. In mice, it reduced tumor growth and inflammation.
Research Report on Global Dextran Sulfate Sodium Salt (CAS 9011-18-1) Market Professional Survey Report 2017. The Report includes market price, demand, trends, size, Share, Growth, Forecast, Analysis & Overview.
Its claimed to be better than resveratrol but before you get caught up in that hype, consider the side effects and review this research yourself.
Quem ve acha animal, quem joga se vicia! Foi assim comigo, deem uma olhada no jogo Praetorians , de estrategia, muito parecido com AOM, mas para mim,
Inflammation plays a key role in the atherosclerotic process. As part of a study on the influence of cigarette mainstream smoke (ms) in combination with high-fat diet on the development of atherosclerosis, we investigated the inflammatory response and histopathological alterations in lungs from Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE -/-) mice, a classic model for atherosclerosis. Male ApoE -/- mice were whole-body exposed for 12 months (6 h/d, 5 d/wk) to diluted MS at total particulate matter (TPM) concentrations of 100 and 200 μg/l or to filtered fresh air. Each exposure group was fed either a chow diet or a milk-fat-enriched diet. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed and inflammatory cells were quantified in BAL fluid (BALF); lungs were evaluated histopathologically. Mice exposed to 100 μg TPM/l MS showed no statistically significant inflammatory and epithelial changes in the lung. Mice exposed to 200 μg TPM/l MS showed statistically significant inflammatory changes, i.e., a constant ...
Inhibition of NF-κB has been found to be an important mechanism of action of steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), and natural and synthetic compounds that show therapeutic and preventive activity with acceptable safety profiles. Newer agents targeting the proteasome, IKK, and other upstream kinases involved in NF-κB activation have shown anticancer activity in clinical or preclinical studies.. NSAIDs and cancer prevention. NSAIDs, such as aspirin, sulindac, ibuprofen, and celecoxib, have been shown to inhibit NF-κB activation and arachidonic acid inflammatory pathways upstream and downstream of NF-κB (49-52). NSAIDs have shown inhibitory activity against cancer cells in vitro and/or in vivo models (53). NSAIDs have been shown to reduce adenoma and colon cancer development in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and hereditary colon cancer, and long-term NSAID use has also been associated with a reduction in risk of colon, breast, and prostate cancer in population-based ...
Ho quindi applicato le conoscenze acquisite lavorando con il Resveratrolo allo Pterostilbene, lanalogo 3,5-dimetilato del Resveratrolo. Poiché lo Pterostilbene è ancora poco caratterizzato abbiamo innanzitutto eseguito una dettagliata analisi sulla distribuzione della molecola negli organi dopo la sua somministrazione orale (capitolo 5, "Pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of pterostilbene in the rat"). I livelli di Pterostilbene negli organi sono risultati molto elevati in paragone a quelli misurati nel sangue. Tuttavia, eccetto che nel cervello, il suo metabolita solfato è risultato la specie più abbondante nei tessuti esaminati. Abbiamo quindi testato una piccola libreria di pro-farmaci dello Pterostilbene basati sul legame carbammico N-monosostituito e amminoacidi naturali. Come ci attendavamo, la stabilità di questi derivati è compresa in un intervallo utile per luso come pro-farmaci. Lassorbimento dei derivati recanti amminoacidi apolari è fortemente incrementato (capitolo ...
MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are short non-coding RNAs that affect the expression of genes involved in normal physiology, but that also become dysregulated in cancer development. In the latter context, studies to date have focused on high-abundance miRNAs and their targets. We hypothesized that among the pool of low-abundance miRNAs are some with the potential to impact crucial oncogenic signaling networks in colon cancer. Unbiased screening of over 650 miRNAs identified miR-206, a low-abundance miRNA, as the most significantly altered miRNA in carcinogen-induced rat colon tumors. Computational modeling highlighted the stem-cell marker Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) as a potential target of miR-206. In a panel of primary human colon cancers, target validation at the mRNA and protein level confirmed a significant inverse relationship between miR-206 and KLF4, which was further supported by miR-206 knockdown and ectopic upregulation in human colon cancer cells. Forced expression of miR-206 resulted in
Principal Investigator:MATSUZAKI Yasushi, Project Period (FY):1996 - 1997, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Gastroenterology
Low-dose pterostilbene, but not resveratrol, is a potent neuromodulator in aging and Alzheimers disease. Recent studies have implicated resveratrol and pterostilbene, a resveratrol derivative, in the protection against age-related diseases including Alzheimers disease (AD). However, the mechanism for the favorable ...
Dextran sulfate sodium salt (MW 450000-550000) is a is a polymer of anhydroglucose with the molecular weight range of 450000-550000. Dextran sulfate sodium salt inhibits the replication of the human immunodeficiency virus by preventing the adsorption of the virus into host cells ...
The Report Intestinal Cancer - Pipeline Review, H2 2012 provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants. - MarketResearchReports.biz
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Cumpara rapid si simplu Colon Curat. Colon Curat are rolul de a elimina toate toxinele acumulate din colon si de a stimula functia de drenare.
The Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology is a publication of the U.S. Government. The papers are in the public domain and are not subject to copyright in the United States. However, please pay special attention to the individual works to make sure there are no copyright restrictions indicated. Individual works may require securing other permissions from the original copyright holder ...
A myriad of medicinal effects has been attributed to Thymoquinone (TQ), the major biological-active component of Nigella sativa. TQ has been shown to exhibit potent anti-tumor activities. The present work was undertaken to further explore TQs chemopreventive efficacy against 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colon carcinogenesis in the rat model through a two-phase study (initiation and post-initiation) and to evaluate its potential impact on tumor progression and invasion in vivo. TQ treatment in the initiation phase significantly reduced tumor incidence, multiplicity and mean tumor volume. However, although mean tumor volume and multiplicity were decreased upon TQ treatment in the post-initiation phase, TQ did not reduce incidence significantly. Cellular proliferation, as assessed by expression of colonic PCNA, was shown to be inhibited in consequence to TQ treatment in both phases, with a more pronounced reduction in the initiation phase. In addition, our results demonstrated an appreciable
Tumor promotion is a critical event in cancer development and a potential target for chemopreventive measures. The multistage model of mouse skin carcinogenesis defines tumor development in terms of distinct stages and provides a standardized scheme for the investigation of tumor promoters. By using this model, a specific COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, was found to inhibit tumor formation by interfering with the promotion stage. Although COX-2 has been shown to catalyze the formation of genotoxic metabolites from polycyclic hydrocarbons (19), tumor initiation in skin by DMBA is not affected by celecoxib, whereas DMBA-induced breast cancer in rats was inhibited by this drug (7). Inhibition of postinitiation stages has also been observed for chemically induced colorectal carcinogenesis in rats (20). Thus, these studies indicate that COX-2 is involved in the promotion of both mouse skin and rat colon tumors.. As shown previously (15), transgenic overexpression of COX-2 in basal keratinocytes of mice ...
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Patterns of proliferative changes in crypts bordering colonic tumors: zonal histology and cell cycle marker expression.: Proliferative crypt changes have been n
The article discusses research indicating that stilbenes, the phytochemicals in grapes and berries, may help prevent cancer of the colon.. ...
Colon cleansing is the process of taking poison from your body. These general tips will help you in your first colon cleansing experience.
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Human epidemiological and laboratory animal model studies have suggested that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs reduce the risk of development of colon cancer and that the inhibition of colon carcinogenesis is mediated through the alteration in cyclooxygenase metabolism of arachidonic acid. Curcumin, which is a naturally occurring compound, is present in turmeric, possesses both antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties, and has been tested for its chemopreventive properties in skin and forestomach carcinogenesis. The present study was designed to investigate the chemopreventive action of dietary curcumin on azozymethane induced colon carcinogenesis and also the modulating effect of this agent on the colonic mucosal and tumor phospholipase A2, phospholipaseC1, lipoxygenase, and cyclooxygenase activities in male F344rats. At 5 weeks of age, groups of animals were fed the control(modified AIN-76A) diet or a diet containing 2000 ppm of curcumin.At 7 weeks of age, all animals, except those in ...
denotes superscript. Background: This study was conducted to develop a non-invasive orthotopic model for metastasis of colon and rectal cancer using a trans-anal approach that is non-operative, reproducible, and easy to perform. Currently, the most accurate orthotopic representation of metastatic human colon cancer is a cecal injection. The trans-anal model allows for further examination of systemic immune responses, tumor take, and onset of metastasis without prior surgical intervention.. Methods: Sixty (60) Balb/c mice were anesthetized and received gentle anal dilation using blunt tipped forceps at the anal opening. Using a 29 gauge syringe, murine colon cancer parental CT26 (CT26) or luciferase labeled CT26 (CT26-luc) cells were injected submucosally into the distal, posterior rectum (CT26 N=30 and CT26-luc N=30) at various concentrations: 2.5×10(^4), 1×10(^5), or 1×10(^6) in a volume of 50µL. All mice were injected using 100 x magnification. Tumor growth and metastatic development was ...
In the CRC patients, KLK6 protein levels were elevated in the non-cancerous distant and adjacent tissues, compared to their paired tumor tissues.. Patients with mutant K-RAS tumors had significantly higher level of KLK6 protein in the luminal surface of non-cancerous distant tissue, compared to the corresponding tissues of the patients with K-RAS wild type tumors.. Dr. Natalia A. Ignatenko from the University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, AZ, USA and the Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA said, "Human KLK6, is a member of the kallikrein-related peptidase family of proteins, originally identified and cloned based on its aberrant expression in human breast and ovarian cancer". As a proteolytic enzyme, KLK6 can contribute to the invasive phenotype of cancer cells via degradation of extracellular matrix proteins, such as collagen, fibronectin, laminin, fibrinogen and activation of matrix metalloproteinases. ...
Lin28b is an RNA-binding protein that inhibits biogenesis of tumor-suppressive microRNAs of the let-7 family, and is involved in induction of pluripotency. Although LIN28B has been implicated in cancer, a specific role in colon tumorigenesis has not been elucidated. We have determined that colon tumors exhibit decreased levels of mature let-7 isoforms, and that constitutive let-7 expression inhibits migration and invasion of colon cancer cells in vitro. Importantly, down-regulation of let-7a and let-7b in colon tumors correlates with increased expression of LIN28B, suggesting tumor-promoting properties of this let-7 inhibitor. In order to determine the role of LIN28B in colon cancer, we constitutively expressed LIN28B in immortalized human colonic epithelial cells and colon cancer cell lines via retroviral transduction. We found that constitutive LIN28B expression promotes migration, invasion, and soft-agar colony formation in vitro, as well as differentiated and metastatic phenotypes in vivo.
Background In recent years it has become evident that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, in particular aspirin represent a potential class of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Despite the wealth of...
Sodium sulfate Na2SO4. Reactions with sodium sulfate Na2SO4. Obtaining sodium sulfate na2so4. Properties: sodium sulfate White. Thenardite, Glaubers salt or mirabilite (hydrated).
Label: Made In China. Buy now on Bandcamp.com. Ill always liked a band a lot more when I google them and get something I know I wasnt looking for. In this instance I got a lot of cats with wizard hats and facial hair. Once I did find the fuzzy Portlanders, I was just as satisfied with the results as I was with all of the cat pictures. If you were a fan of Ghost and the likes, youll probably appreciate these guys.. ...
Sodium Sulfate Sodium Sulphate BP EP Ph Eur IP Ph Eur USP ACS Analytical Reagent FCC Food Grade Manufacturers Exporters, USA Canada India
usr/bin/perl -w use Crypt::OpenPGP; use Crypt::OpenPGP::KeyRing; my($keyfile, $email) = @ARGV; my $ring = Crypt::OpenPGP::KeyRing-,new(Filename =, $keyfile); my $pgp = Crypt::OpenPGP-,new(PubRing =, $ring); my $kb = $ring-,find_keyblock_by_uid($email); my $alg = $kb-,preferred_sk_alg; my $crypt = $pgp-,encrypt( Data =, squeamish ossifrage, Recipients =, [ $email ], Armour =, 1, ($alg ? (Cipher =, $alg) : ()), # use default if no preference loc +ated ); print $crypt; exit 0; { package Crypt::OpenPGP::KeyBlock; sub preferred_sk_alg { my $self = shift; use Crypt::OpenPGP::Cipher; my $supported = Crypt::OpenPGP::Cipher-,supported; my @prefs; for my $sig (@{ $self-,get(Crypt::OpenPGP::Signature) }) { if ($sig-,is_primary) { unshift @prefs, @{ $sig-,preferred_sk_alg }; } else { push @prefs, @{ $sig-,preferred_sk_alg }; } } for (@prefs) { return $_ if $supported-,{$_}; } return; } } { package Crypt::OpenPGP::Signature; sub is_primary { my $self = shift; my $packet = $self-,find_subpacket(25); # ...
Presents information describing investigations of molecular aspects of the mechanisms involved in chemical, physical, and viral (biological) carcinogenesis
For proper care of colon health, its a good idea to look into all of the various facets of colon function first, to gain a better understanding.
Colorectal cancer (CRC) continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Although the factors underlying CRC development and progression are multifactorial, there is an important role for tumor-host interactions, especially interactions with myeloid cells. There is also increasing evidence that cyclooxygenase-derived prostaglandins are important mediators of CRC development and growth. Although prevention trials with either nonselective NSAIDs or COX-2 selective agents have shown promise, the gastrointestinal or cardiovascular side effects of these agents have limited their implementation. The predominant prostaglandin involved in CRC pathogenesis is PGE2. Since myeloid cells express high levels of the PGE2 receptor subtype, EP4, we selectively ablated EP4 in myeloid cells and studied adenoma formation in a mouse model of intestinal adenomatous polyposis, ApcMin/+ mice. ApcMin/+mice with selective myeloid cell deletion of EP4 had marked inhibition of both adenoma number and size, with ...
By Ramadhani Chambuso. The same oral commensal bacterium and gum disease pathogen called Fusobacterium nucleatum was found to be predominantly associated with primary human colorectal cancer cells and even in distant metastatic lesions, a study published in 2017 on the journal Science, reports. Furthermore, it was proven in mice with colon cancer that after treatment with antibiotics, Fusobacteruim load, cancer cell proliferation and overall tumour growth, all were reduced, which indicates that this organism may play a crucial role in colon cancer development.. Despite other studies suggesting the possible pro-tumorigenic role of Fusobacterium which may include modulation of host immune response to cancer cells and further enhancement of tumour cell invasion in colon cancer pathogenesis, this new study was scientifically able to show the correlation between decrease in Fusobacterium load and the decreased in rate of tumour growth and improved overall patient survival.. Although it is not clear ...
A151 Vitamin D is implicated as a protective factor in human colon carcinogenesis. Anti-tumor activity of vitamin D on colonocytes is thought to be mediated by 1,25 (OH)2D3, the active hormonal metabolite of vitamin D. We examined the role of 1,25 (OH)2D3on a putative VDR/β-catenin interaction. We first sought to confirm that VDR associates physically with β-catenin regulating critical Wnt signaling events in colon tumorigenesis. Second, we assessed the role of the intact and mutant adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene, commonly dysregulated in human colon cancers, as a modulator of the VDR/β-catenin interaction. Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) pulldown assays and an in-vitro transcription/translation system to produce β-catenin protein support an interaction between β-catenin and VDR that appears independent of 1,25 (OH)2D3. Further evaluation of this interaction within the cell using a mammalian two hybrid system in transfected HT29-APC, a cell line which allows inducible wildtype APC ...
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All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional or medical advice. You should always speak with your doctor before you follow anything that you read on this website. Any health question asked on this site will be visible to the people who browse this site. Hence, the user assumes the responsibility not to divulge any personally identifiable information in the question. Use of this site is subject to our Terms & Conditions ...
Why, if there exists a spiritual metalanguage in which to establish the brotherhood of man through the unity of sentience, are men perpetually at each others throats? Unfortunately, most human brains, which comprise a particular highly-evolved subset of the set of all reality-subsystems, do not fire in strict S-isomorphism much above the object level. Where we define one aspect of intelligence as the amount of global structure functionally represented by a given sÎS, brains of low intelligence are generally out of accord with the global syntax D(S). This limits their capacity to form true representations of S (global reality) by syntactic autology [d(S) Éd d(S)] and make rational ethical calculations. In this sense, the vast majority of men are not well-enough equipped, conceptually speaking, to form perfectly rational worldviews and societies; they are deficient in education and intellect, albeit remediably so in most cases. This is why force has ruled in the world of man…why might has ...
A special mini-report on colon health. Did you know most of us are carrying around an extra 5-10 pounds of unwanted weight INSIDE our colons?

Effect of diets fortified with tomatoes or onions with variable quercetin-glycoside content on azoxymethane-induced aberrant...Effect of diets fortified with tomatoes or onions with variable quercetin-glycoside content on azoxymethane-induced aberrant...

Effect of diets fortified with tomatoes or onions with variable quercetin-glycoside content on azoxymethane-induced aberrant ... title = "Effect of diets fortified with tomatoes or onions with variable quercetin-glycoside content on azoxymethane-induced ... Effect of diets fortified with tomatoes or onions with variable quercetin-glycoside content on azoxymethane-induced aberrant ... T1 - Effect of diets fortified with tomatoes or onions with variable quercetin-glycoside content on azoxymethane-induced ...
more infohttps://research.wur.nl/en/publications/effect-of-diets-fortified-with-tomatoes-or-onions-with-variable-q

Azoxymethane - WikipediaAzoxymethane - Wikipedia

Azoxymethane (AOM) is a carcinogenic and neurotoxic chemical compound used in biological research. It is the oxide of ... Azoxymethane at Sigma-Aldrich CID 33184 from PubChem. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azoxymethane

Mustard seeds (Sinapis Alba Linn) attenuate azoxymethane-induced colon carcinogenesisMustard seeds (Sinapis Alba Linn) attenuate azoxymethane-induced colon carcinogenesis

Anti-oxidants, Azoxymethane, Colon cancer, Mustard seeds National Category Medical and Health Sciences Identifiers. URN: urn: ... Mustard seeds (Sinapis Alba Linn) attenuate azoxymethane-induced colon carcinogenesis. Yuan, Haifeng Nanfang Hospital. ... plasma levels of the lipid peroxidation product malonaldehyde in mice exposed to the colon cancer-inducer azoxymethane (AOM). ...
more infohttp://liu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:419714

Serial endoscopy in azoxymethane treated mice using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography.  - PubMed - NCBISerial endoscopy in azoxymethane treated mice using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography. - PubMed - NCBI

Serial endoscopy in azoxymethane treated mice using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography.. Hariri LP1, Qiu Z, ... OCT to serially image the lower colon of azoxymethane (AOM) treated A/J mouse models of CRC in order to monitor the progression ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17986850?dopt=Abstract

Suppression of azoxymethane-induced colonic premalignant lesion formation by coenzyme Q10 in rats.  - PubMed - NCBISuppression of azoxymethane-induced colonic premalignant lesion formation by coenzyme Q10 in rats. - PubMed - NCBI

Suppression of azoxymethane-induced colonic premalignant lesion formation by coenzyme Q10 in rats.. Sakano K1, Takahashi M, ... In the present study, effects of CoQ10 on development of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and mucin- ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17250435?dopt=Abstract

Effects of modulating M3 muscarinic receptor activity on azoxymethane-induced liver injury in mice. | Sigma-AldrichEffects of modulating M3 muscarinic receptor activity on azoxymethane-induced liver injury in mice. | Sigma-Aldrich

Effects of modulating M3 muscarinic receptor activity on azoxymethane-induced liver injury in mice.. [Sandeep Khurana, ... Previously, we reported that azoxymethane (AOM)-induced liver injury is robustly exacerbated in M3 muscarinic receptor (M3R)- ...
more infohttps://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/23707755

Brewers Rice: A By-Product from Rice Processing Provides Natural Hepatorenal Protection in Azoxymethane-Induced Oxidative...Brewers' Rice: A By-Product from Rice Processing Provides Natural Hepatorenal Protection in Azoxymethane-Induced Oxidative...

The carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM) was diluted in 0.9% (v/v) saline. The rats received intraperitoneal injections once weekly ( ... B. L. Tan, N. M. Esa, H. S. Rahman, H. Hamzah, and R. Karim, "Brewers rice induces apoptosis in azoxymethane-induced colon ... C. H. F. Chan, D. Cook, and C. P. Stanners, "Increased colon tumor susceptibility in azoxymethane treated CEABAC transgenic ... Brewers Rice: A By-Product from Rice Processing Provides Natural Hepatorenal Protection in Azoxymethane-Induced Oxidative ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2015/539798/

Effect of Restricted Caloric Intake on Azoxymethane-induced Colon Tumor Incidence in Male F344 Rats | Cancer ResearchEffect of Restricted Caloric Intake on Azoxymethane-induced Colon Tumor Incidence in Male F344 Rats | Cancer Research

Effect of Restricted Caloric Intake on Azoxymethane-induced Colon Tumor Incidence in Male F344 Rats. Bandaru S. Reddy, Chung- ... The effect of 30% caloric restriction on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon carcinogenesis was investigated in male F344 rats. ... Effect of Restricted Caloric Intake on Azoxymethane-induced Colon Tumor Incidence in Male F344 Rats ... Effect of Restricted Caloric Intake on Azoxymethane-induced Colon Tumor Incidence in Male F344 Rats ...
more infohttp://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/47/5/1226

Methylglyoxal displays colorectal cancer-promoting properties in the murine models of azoxymethane and CT26 isograftsMethylglyoxal displays colorectal cancer-promoting properties in the murine models of azoxymethane and CT26 isografts

... ... In the present study, we found that consumption of MG significantly deteriorated azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic ...
more infohttps://insights.ovid.com/pubmed?PMID=29269310

CiNii 論文 - 
 		
 		
 			
 		 	
 		 		
 		 			Regressive Effects of Various Chemopreventive Agents on Azoxymethane-induced...CiNii 論文 - Regressive Effects of Various Chemopreventive Agents on Azoxymethane-induced...

Regressive Effects of Various Chemopreventive Agents on Azoxymethane-induced Aberrant Crypt Foci in the Rat Colon * * MORISHITA ... Piroxicam-induced regression of azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci and prevention of colon cancer in rats PEREIRA M. A. ... Suppression of azoxymethane-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci by dietary exposure to a novel synthesized retinoidal ... Aberrant crypts correlate with tumor incidence in F344 rats treated with azoxymethane and phytate PRETLOW T. P. ...
more infohttp://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10008080567

Microarray Analyses of Genes Differentially Expressed by Diet (Black Beans and Soy Flour) during Azoxymethane-Induced Colon...Microarray Analyses of Genes Differentially Expressed by Diet (Black Beans and Soy Flour) during Azoxymethane-Induced Colon...

At 4 and 5 weeks of age, rats received subcutaneous injections (100 μL) of either 15 mg/kg of azoxymethane (AOM) prepared in ... The azoxymethane- (AOM-) induced colon cancer model in rodents has been utilized extensively to examine dietary influences on ... Figure 1: Tumor incidence in rats treated with the carcinogen azoxymethane and fed either a casein (AIN control), black bean- ( ... J. Chen and X. F. Huang, "The signal pathways in azoxymethane-induced colon cancer and preventive implications," Cancer Biology ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnme/2012/351796/

Rapid induction of colonic neoplasms in ICR mice treated with azoxymethane followed by dextran sodium sulfate | Cancer ResearchRapid induction of colonic neoplasms in ICR mice treated with azoxymethane followed by dextran sodium sulfate | Cancer Research

Male Crj: CD-1 (ICR) mice were given a single and low dose of a genotoxic colonic carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM, 10 mg/kg bw, i. ... Rapid induction of colonic neoplasms in ICR mice treated with azoxymethane followed by dextran sodium sulfate. Takuji Tanaka, ... Rapid induction of colonic neoplasms in ICR mice treated with azoxymethane followed by dextran sodium sulfate ... Rapid induction of colonic neoplasms in ICR mice treated with azoxymethane followed by dextran sodium sulfate ...
more infohttp://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/64/7_Supplement/351.2

Dietary polyacetylenes, falcarinol and falcarindiol, isolated from carrots prevents the formation of neoplastic lesions in the...Dietary polyacetylenes, falcarinol and falcarindiol, isolated from carrots prevents the formation of neoplastic lesions in the...

Feeding azoxymethane (AOM)-induced rats with carrots and purified FaOH have previously been shown to inhibit neoplastic ... Feeding azoxymethane (AOM)-induced rats with carrots and purified FaOH have previously been shown to inhibit neoplastic ... isolated from carrots prevents the formation of neoplastic lesions in the colon of azoxymethane-induced rats M. Kobaek-Larsen, ... isolated from carrots prevents the formation of neoplastic lesions in the colon of azoxymethane-induced rats ...
more infohttps://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/FO/2017/C7FO00110J

Scopolamine Treatment and Muscarinic Receptor Subtype 3 Gene Ablation Augment Azoxymethane-Induced Murine Liver Injury |...Scopolamine Treatment and Muscarinic Receptor Subtype 3 Gene Ablation Augment Azoxymethane-Induced Murine Liver Injury |...

Scopolamine Treatment and Muscarinic Receptor Subtype 3 Gene Ablation Augment Azoxymethane-Induced Murine Liver Injury. Sandeep ... Scopolamine Treatment and Muscarinic Receptor Subtype 3 Gene Ablation Augment Azoxymethane-Induced Murine Liver Injury. Sandeep ... Scopolamine Treatment and Muscarinic Receptor Subtype 3 Gene Ablation Augment Azoxymethane-Induced Murine Liver Injury. Sandeep ... Scopolamine Treatment and Muscarinic Receptor Subtype 3 Gene Ablation Augment Azoxymethane-Induced Murine Liver Injury ...
more infohttp://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/early/2010/03/02/jpet.109.165118

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Is Required for Colonic Tumor Promotion by Dietary Fat in the Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate...Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Is Required for Colonic Tumor Promotion by Dietary Fat in the Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate...

As F1 mice were resistant to azoxymethane, we treated mice with azoxymethane followed by one cycle of inflammation-inducing ... Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Is Required for Colonic Tumor Promotion by Dietary Fat in the Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate ... Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Is Required for Colonic Tumor Promotion by Dietary Fat in the Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate ... Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Is Required for Colonic Tumor Promotion by Dietary Fat in the Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate ...
more infohttp://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2009/11/03/1078-0432.CCR-09-1678

NOPR: Effect of <i>Aloe vera</i> gel extract on antioxidant enzymes and azoxymethane-induced oxidative...NOPR: Effect of <i>Aloe vera</i> gel extract on antioxidant enzymes and azoxymethane-induced oxidative...

Effect of Aloe vera gel extract on antioxidant enzymes and azoxymethane-induced oxidative stress in rats. ... for 30 days on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced oxidative stress in rats. It was observed that AOM administration resulted in a ...
more infohttp://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/9990

Nrf2-Dependent Suppression of Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis by the Cinnamon-Derived Dietary...Nrf2-Dependent Suppression of Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis by the Cinnamon-Derived Dietary...

Nrf2-Dependent Suppression of Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis by the Cinnamon-Derived Dietary ... Nrf2-Dependent Suppression of Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis by the Cinnamon-Derived Dietary ... Nrf2-Dependent Suppression of Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis by the Cinnamon-Derived Dietary ... Nrf2-Dependent Suppression of Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis by the Cinnamon-Derived Dietary ...
more infohttps://cancerpreventionresearch.aacrjournals.org/content/8/5/444.article-info

Consumption of Black Beans and Navy Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) Reduced Azoxymethane-Induced Colon Cancer in Rats | ENCOGNITIVE...Consumption of Black Beans and Navy Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) Reduced Azoxymethane-Induced Colon Cancer in Rats | ENCOGNITIVE...

Consumption of Black Beans and Navy Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) Reduced Azoxymethane-Induced Colon Cancer in Rats. Tagged: * ... Consumption of Black Beans and Navy Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) Reduced Azoxymethane-Induced Colon Cancer in Rats.pdf. 61.6 KB. ...
more infohttp://encognitive.com/node/15663

Aldose reductase deficiency in mice prevents azoxymethane-induced colonic preneoplastic aberrant crypt foci formation :...Aldose reductase deficiency in mice prevents azoxymethane-induced colonic preneoplastic aberrant crypt foci formation :...

... using azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon cancer mice model. Male BALB/c mice were administrated with AOM without or with AR ... using azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon cancer mice model. Male BALB/c mice were administrated with AOM... ...
more infohttp://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/carcin/bgn246

δ- and γ-Tocopherols, but not α-Tocopherol, Inhibit Colon Carcinogenesis in Azoxymethane-Treated F344 Rats | Cancer Prevention...δ- and γ-Tocopherols, but not α-Tocopherol, Inhibit Colon Carcinogenesis in Azoxymethane-Treated F344 Rats | Cancer Prevention...

δ- and γ-Tocopherols, but not α-Tocopherol, Inhibit Colon Carcinogenesis in Azoxymethane-Treated F344 Rats. Fei Guan, Guangxun ... In this work, we investigated the inhibitory activities of δ-T, γ-T, α-T, and γ-TmT on the formation of ACF in azoxymethane ( ... Mixed tocopherols inhibit azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci in rats. Nutr Cancer 2006;56:82-5. ... Male F344 rats, seven weeks old, were given two weekly subcutaneous injections of azoxymethane (AOM) each at a dose of 15 mg/kg ...
more infohttp://cancerpreventionresearch.aacrjournals.org/content/5/4/644

Sequential and morphological analyses of aberrant crypt foci formation in mice of differing susceptibility to azoxymethane...Sequential and morphological analyses of aberrant crypt foci formation in mice of differing susceptibility to azoxymethane...

Keywords: ACF, aberrant crypt foci; AOM, azoxymethane; DMH, 1,2-dimethylhydrazine; FAA, focal areas of atypism; H&E, ... are early morphological changes induced by the colon carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM). Although inbred mice differ markedly in ... are early morphological changes induced by the colon carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM). Although inbred mice differ markedly in ...
more infohttp://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/carcin/21.8.1567

Inhibitory effects of astaxanthin on azoxymethane-induced colonic preneoplastic lesions in C57/BL/KsJ- db/db mice | BMC...Inhibitory effects of astaxanthin on azoxymethane-induced colonic preneoplastic lesions in C57/BL/KsJ- db/db mice | BMC...

The present study examined the effects of astaxanthin on the development of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic premalignant ... Inhibitory effects of astaxanthin on azoxymethane-induced colonic preneoplastic lesions in C57/BL/KsJ-db/dbmice. *Takahiro ... Raju J: Azoxymethane-induced rat aberrant crypt foci: relevance in studying chemoprevention of colon cancer. World J ... The present study examined the effects of astaxanthin on the development of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic premalignant ...
more infohttps://bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12876-014-0212-z?optIn=true

Modulatory influence of garlic and tomato on cyclooxygenase-2 activity, cell proliferation and apoptosis during azoxymethane...Modulatory influence of garlic and tomato on cyclooxygenase-2 activity, cell proliferation and apoptosis during azoxymethane...

Inhibitory activity of aqueous suspensions of garlic and tomato, individually and in combination, were tested on azoxymethane ... Dietary folate protects against azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci development and oxidative stress in rat colon.. * ... Modulatory influence of garlic and tomato on cyclooxygenase-2 activity, cell proliferation and apoptosis during azoxymethane ... cell proliferation and apoptosis during azoxymethane induced colon carcinogenesis in rat.}, author={Archana Sengupta and Samit ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Modulatory-influence-of-garlic-and-tomato-on-cyclo-Sengupta-Ghosh/b708749d3be9285f2b83ae2951232a23e6f83e78

Chemopreventive Properties and Toxicity of Kelulut Honey in Sprague Dawley Rats Induced with AzoxymethaneChemopreventive Properties and Toxicity of Kelulut Honey in Sprague Dawley Rats Induced with Azoxymethane

This study investigated the chemopreventive properties and toxicity of KH in Sprague Dawley rats induced with azoxymethane (AOM ... C. V. Rao, D. Desai, B. Simi, N. Kulkarni, S. Amin, and B. S. Reddy, "Inhibitory effect of caffeic acid esters on azoxymethane- ... Azoxymethane was purchased from Aldrich Sigma (St. Louis, United States), hematoxylin and eosin stain was purchased from ... Effects of KH on the incidence of azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci of rats after 8 weeks of study. The data were ...
more infohttps://new.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2016/4036926/

Inhibitory effects of astaxanthin on azoxymethane-induced colonic preneoplastic lesions in C57/BL/KsJ-db/dbmice | BMC...Inhibitory effects of astaxanthin on azoxymethane-induced colonic preneoplastic lesions in C57/BL/KsJ-db/dbmice | BMC...

The present study examined the effects of astaxanthin on the development of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic premalignant ... Hirose Y, Hata K, Kuno T, Yoshida K, Sakata K, Yamada Y, Tanaka T, Reddy BS, Mori H: Enhancement of development of azoxymethane ... Raju J: Azoxymethane-induced rat aberrant crypt foci: relevance in studying chemoprevention of colon cancer. World J ... Inhibitory effects of astaxanthin on azoxymethane-induced colonic preneoplastic lesions in C57/BL/KsJ-db/dbmice. ...
more infohttps://bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12876-014-0212-z
  • Aims of the study: To investigate whether tomatoes and onions,with low or high quercetin-glycoside content, could reduce azoxymethane (AOM)-induced Aberrant Crypt Foci (ACF), preneoplastic lesions in the colon of rats. (wur.nl)
  • Our present study was designed to identify the effect of brewers' rice on the attenuation of liver and kidney damage induced by azoxymethane (AOM). (hindawi.com)
  • Given the reports of liver injury in humans and livestock fed cycad palm nuts on the island of Guam, we hypothesized that the active ingredient azoxymethane (AOM) could cause FHF. (elsevier.com)
  • iv) C + 0.5% B. longum + 2.5% lactulose (C+Bl+L). All animals received a s.c. injection of azoxymethane at 16 mg/kg body wt at 7 and 8 weeks of age. (uoi.gr)
  • In this study, we utilized ultrahigh resolution (UHR) OCT to serially image the lower colon of azoxymethane (AOM) treated A/J mouse models of CRC in order to monitor the progression of neoplastic transformations and determine if OCT is capable of identifying early disease. (nih.gov)