A species of motile, free-living, gram-negative bacteria that occur in the soil. They are aerobic or microaerophilic and are sometimes capable of nitrogen fixation.
A genus of gram-negative aerobic bacteria that occurs free-living in the soil or associated with the roots of cereal crops or grasses (POACEAE).
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the millets used in EDIBLE GRAIN. It contains vitexin. The common name of buffelgrass is also used for CENCHRUS.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A species of gram-negative to gram-variable, nitrogen-fixing bacteria. They are free-living in SOIL or found in association with PLANT ROOTS. It is the type species of the genus AZOSPIRILLUM.
A large group of aerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method. This is because the cell walls of gram-negative bacteria are low in peptidoglycan and thus have low affinity for violet stain and high affinity for the pink dye safranine.
The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus XANTHOMONAS, which causes citrus cankers and black rot in plants.
Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.
Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Compounds consisting of glucosamine and lactate joined by an ether linkage. They occur naturally as N-acetyl derivatives in peptidoglycan, the characteristic polysaccharide composing bacterial cell walls. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
A nucleoside diphosphate sugar which is formed from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine and phosphoenolpyruvate. It serves as the building block upon which peptidoglycan is formed.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of an aminoacyl group from donor to acceptor resulting in the formation of an ester or amide linkage. EC 2.3.2.
Beneficial microorganisms (bacteria or fungi) encapsulated in carrier material and applied to the environment for remediation and enhancement of agricultural productivity.
A proline analog that acts as a stoichiometric replacement of proline. It causes the production of abnormal proteins with impaired biological activity.
The lone genus of bacteria in the family Francisellaceae, frequently found in natural waters. It can be parasitic in humans, other MAMMALS; BIRDS; and ARTHROPODS.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A carboxy-lyase that plays a key role in photosynthetic carbon assimilation in the CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE by catalyzing the formation of 3-phosphoglycerate from ribulose 1,5-biphosphate and CARBON DIOXIDE. It can also utilize OXYGEN as a substrate to catalyze the synthesis of 2-phosphoglycolate and 3-phosphoglycerate in a process referred to as photorespiration.
Ribulose substituted by one or more phosphoric acid moieties.
A family of small adaptin protein complex subunits of approximately 19 KDa in size.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a cytochrome protein that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM.
Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.
Oxidoreductases that are specific for the reduction of NITRATES.
A plant genus in the CHENOPODIACEAE family.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of 2 molecules of glutamate from glutamine plus alpha-ketoglutarate in the presence of NADPH. EC 1.4.1.13.
Electron microscopy involving rapid freezing of the samples. The imaging of frozen-hydrated molecules and organelles permits the best possible resolution closest to the living state, free of chemical fixatives or stains.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Amino acid transporter systems capable of transporting acidic amino acids (AMINO ACIDS, ACIDIC).

Azospirillum irakense produces a novel type of pectate lyase. (1/42)

The pelA gene from the N2-fixing plant-associated bacterium Azospirillum irakense, encoding a pectate lyase, was isolated by heterologous expression in Escherichia coli. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the region containing pelA indicated an open reading frame of 1,296 bp, coding for a preprotein of 432 amino acids with a typical amino-terminal signal peptide of 24 amino acids. N-terminal amino acid sequencing confirmed the processing of the protein in E. coli at the signal peptidase cleavage site predicted by nucleotide sequence analysis. Analysis of the amino acid sequence of PelA revealed no homology to other known pectinases, indicating that PelA belongs to a new pectate lyase family. PelA macerates potato tuber tissue, has an alkaline pH optimum, and requires Ca2+ for its activity. Of several divalent cations tested, none could substitute for Ca2+. Methyl-esterified pectin (with a degree of esterification up to 93%) and polygalacturonate can be used as substrates. Characterization of the degradation products formed upon incubation with polygalacturonate indicated that PelA is an endo-pectate lyase generating unsaturated digalacturonide as the major end product. Regulation of pelA expression was studied by means of a translational pelA-gusA fusion. Transcription of this fusion is low under all growth conditions tested and is dependent on the growth phase. In addition, pelA expression was found to be induced by pectin. An A. irakense pelA::Tn5 mutant still displayed pectate lyase activity, suggesting the presence of multiple pectate lyase genes in A. irakense.  (+info)

Growth of Azospirillum irakense KBC1 on the aryl beta-glucoside salicin requires either salA or salB. (2/42)

The rhizosphere nitrogen-fixing bacterium Azospirillum irakense KBC1 is able to grow on pectin and beta-glucosides such as cellobiose, arbutin, and salicin. Two adjacent genes, salA and salB, conferring beta-glucosidase activity to Escherichia coli, have been identified in a cosmid library of A. irakense DNA. The SalA and SalB enzymes preferentially hydrolyzed aryl beta-glucosides. A Delta(salA-salB) A. irakense mutant was not able to grow on salicin but could still utilize arbutin, cellobiose, and glucose for growth. This mutant could be complemented by either salA or salB, suggesting functional redundancy of these genes in salicin utilization. In contrast to this functional homology, the SalA and SalB proteins, members of family 3 of the glycosyl hydrolases, show a low degree of amino acid similarity. Unlike SalA, the SalB protein exhibits an atypical truncated C-terminal region. We propose that SalA and SalB are representatives of the AB and AB' subfamilies, respectively, in glycosyl hydrolase family 3. This is the first genetic implication of this beta-glucosidase family in the utilization of beta-glucosides for microbial growth.  (+info)

Interaction of Azospirillum lipoferum with wheat germ agglutinin stimulates nitrogen fixation. (3/42)

In vitro, the nitrogen fixation capability of A. lipoferum is efficiently increased in the presence of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA). A putative WGA-binding receptor, a 32-kDa protein, was detected in the cell capsule. The stimulatory effect required N-acetyl-D-glucosamine dimer (GlcNAcdi) terminated sugar side chains of the receptor and was dependent on the number of GlcNAcdi links involved in receptor-WGA interface. Binding to the primary sugar binding sites on WGA had a larger stimulatory effect than binding to the secondary sites. The WGA-receptor complex generated stimulus led to elevated transcription of the nifH and nifA genes and of the glnBA gene cluster but not of the glnA gene from its own promoter. There may well be a signalling cascade contributing to the regulation of nitrogen fixation.  (+info)

A phase variant of Azospirillum lipoferum lacks a polar flagellum and constitutively expresses mechanosensing lateral flagella. (4/42)

Flagellation of a nonswimming variant of the mixed flagellated bacterium Azospirillum lipoferum 4B was characterized by electron microscopy, and polyclonal antibodies were raised against polar and lateral flagellins. The variant cells lacked a polar flagellum due to a defect in flagellin synthesis and constitutively expressed lateral flagella. The variant cells were able to respond to conditions that restricted the rotation of lateral flagella by producing more lateral flagella, suggesting that the lateral flagella, as well as the polar flagellum, are mechanosensing.  (+info)

Loss of cytochrome c oxidase activity and acquisition of resistance to quinone analogs in a laccase-positive variant of Azospirillum lipoferum. (5/42)

Laccase, a p-diphenol oxidase typical of plants and fungi, has been found recently in a proteobacterium, Azospirillum lipoferum. Laccase activity was detected in both a natural isolate and an in vitro-obtained phase variant that originated from the laccase-negative wild type. In this study, the electron transport systems of the laccase-positive variant and its parental laccase-negative forms were compared. During exponential (but not stationary) growth under fully aerobic (but not under microaerobic) conditions, the laccase-positive variant lost a respiratory branch that is terminated in a cytochrome c oxidase of the aa(3) type; this was most likely due to a defect in the biosynthesis of a heme component essential for the oxidase. The laccase-positive variant was significantly less sensitive to the inhibitory action of quinone analogs and fully resistant to inhibitors of the bc(1) complex, apparently due to the rearrangements of its respiratory system. We propose that the loss of the cytochrome c oxidase-containing branch in the variant is an adaptive strategy to the presence of intracellular oxidized quinones, the products of laccase activity.  (+info)

Genome structure of the genus Azospirillum. (6/42)

Azospirillum species are plant-associated diazotrophs of the alpha subclass of Proteobacteria. The genomes of five of the six Azospirillum species were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. All strains possessed several megareplicons, some probably linear, and 16S ribosomal DNA hybridization indicated multiple chromosomes in genomes ranging in size from 4.8 to 9.7 Mbp. The nifHDK operon was identified in the largest replicon.  (+info)

Unlabeled helper oligonucleotides increase the in situ accessibility to 16S rRNA of fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide probes. (7/42)

Target site inaccessibility represents a significant problem for fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of 16S rRNA with oligonucleotide probes. Here, unlabeled oligonucleotides (helpers) that bind adjacent to the probe target site were evaluated for their potential to increase weak probe hybridization signals in Escherichia coli DSM 30083(T). The use of helpers enhanced the fluorescence signal of all six probes examined at least fourfold. In one case, the signal of probe Eco474 was increased 25-fold with the use of a single helper probe, H440-2. In another case, four unlabeled helpers raised the FISH signal of a formerly weak probe, Eco585, to the level of the brightest monolabeled oligonucleotide probes available for E. coli. The temperature of dissociation and the mismatch discrimination of probes were not significantly influenced by the addition of helpers. Therefore, using helpers should not cause labeling of additional nontarget organisms at a defined stringency of hybridization. However, the helper action is based on sequence-specific binding, and there is thus a potential for narrowing the target group which must be considered when designing helpers. We conclude that helpers can open inaccessible rRNA regions for FISH with oligonucleotide probes and will thereby further improve the applicability of this technique for in situ identification of microorganisms.  (+info)

Azospirillum doebereinerae sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium associated with the C4-grass Miscanthus. (8/42)

A new group of nitrogen-fixing Azospirillum sp. bacteria was isolated from the roots of the C4-gramineous plant Miscanthus. Polyphasic taxonomy was performed, including auxanography using API galleries, physiological tests and 16S rRNA sequence comparison. The ability of the isolates to fix dinitrogen was evaluated by amplification of the nifD gene, immunodetection of the dinitrogenase reductase and acetylene-reduction assay. On the basis of these results, the nitrogen-fixing isolates represent a new species within the genus Azospirillum. Its closest phylogenetic neighbours, as deduced by 16S rDNA-based analysis, are Azospirillum lipoferum, Azospirillum largimobile and Azospirillum brasilense with 96.6, 96.6 and 95.9% sequence similarity, respectively. Two 16S rRNA-targeting oligonucleotide probes were developed which differentiate the new species from the other Azospirillum species by whole-cell fluorescence hybridization. Strains of the new species are curved rods or S-shaped, 1.0-1.5 microm in width and 2,0-3.0 microm in length, Gram-negative and motile with a single polar flagellum. Optimum growth occurs at 30 degrees C and at pH values between 6.0 and 7.0. No growth takes place at 37 degrees C. They have a respiratory type of metabolism, grow well on arabinose, D-fructose, gluconate, glucose, glycerol, malate, mannitol and sorbitol. They differ from A. largimobile and A. lipoferum by their inability to use N-acetylglucosamine and D-ribose, from A. lipoferum by their ability to grow without biotin supplementation and from A. brasilense by their growth with D-mannitol and D-sorbitol as sole carbon sources. Nitrogen fixation occurs in microaerobic nitrogen-limited conditions. For this species, the name Azospirillum doebereinerae sp. nov. is suggested, with strain GSF71T as the type strain (= DSM 13131T; reference strain Ma4 = DSM 13400). Its G+C content is 70.7 mol%.  (+info)

Cellular fatty acid composition of 14 strains from the four species of Azospirillum was determined by gas chromatographic analysis. All strains of Azospirillum lipoferum and Azospirillum brasilense...
In both managed and natural ecosystems, beneficial plant-associated bacteria play a key role in supporting and/or increasing plant health and growth. Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) can be applied in agricultural production or for the phytoremediation of pollutants. However, because of their capacity to confer plant beneficial effects, efficient colonization of the plant environment is of utmost importance. The majority of plant-associated bacteria derives from the soil environment. They may migrate to the rhizosphere and subsequently the rhizoplane of their hosts before they are able to show beneficial effects. Some rhizoplane colonizing bacteria can also penetrate plant roots, and some strains may move to aerial plant parts, with a decreasing bacterial density in comparison to rhizosphere or ...
Since sugarcane is a ratoon crop, genome evaluation of plant growth-promoting bacteria that exist in its soil rhizosphere, can present alternative to better perceive their traits and use of such bacteria in flip, might particularly enhance perennial crop productiveness. In the current examine, genome of two bacterial strains, one every of B. megaterium (BM89) and B. subtilis (BS87), isolated and reported earlier (Chandra et al., 2018), had been sequenced and characterized. Though each strains have demonstrated plant development selling properties and enhanced in-vitro plant development responses, purposeful annotation and evaluation of genes indicated superiority of BS87 because it possessed extra plant development promotion attributable genes over BM89.. Apart from some frequent genes, trehalose metabolism, glycine betaine manufacturing, peroxidases, tremendous oxide dismutase, chilly shock proteins and phenazine manufacturing related genes had been selectively recognized in BS87 genome ...
Electrical parameters tested for the A. amazonense electroporation. A - Effect of electrical field strength on the transformation efficiency of A. amazonense. C
Water stress is one of the most important environmental constraints that limit survival and productivity of staple crops like wheat and maize particularly in arid and semi-arid regions. Plant growth promoting Rhizobacteria (Rhizobium and Azospirillum) are beneficial bacteria present in soil and forming associations with roots of plants.,br, Present study was aimed at isolation and biochemical characterization of Rhizobium and Azospirillum strains from roots and rhizospheric soil of wheat and maize (at tillering and anthesis stage) growing under different moisture regimes in the field and under induced water stress in pots. The survival efficiency as measured by log cfu/g, carbon/nitrogen utilization pattern determined by QTS (Quick Test System), random amplification of polymorphic DNA analyses, phytohormone production and 16sRNA sequence analysis were done for isolated strains. The efficiency of isolated strains to promote plant growth and development was tested under induced water stress ...
Since sugarcane is a ratoon crop, genome evaluation of plant growth-promoting bacteria that exist in its soil rhizosphere, can present alternative to better perceive their traits and use of such bacteria in flip, might particularly enhance perennial crop productiveness. In the current examine, genome of two bacterial strains, one every of B. megaterium (BM89) and …. Whole genome sequence insight of two plant growth-promoting bacteria (B. subtilis BS87 and B. megaterium BM89) isolated and characterized from sugarcane rhizosphere depicting better crop yield potentiality Read More ». ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a mechanism to recognize and repair bulky DNA damage caused by compounds, environmental carcinogens, and exposure to UV-light. In humans hereditary defects in the NER pathway are linked to at least three diseases: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The repair of damaged DNA involves at least 30 polypeptides within two different sub-pathways of NER known as transcription-coupled repair (TCR-NER) and global genome repair (GGR-NER). TCR refers to the expedited repair of lesions located in the actively transcribed strand of genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAP II). In GGR-NER the first step of damage recognition involves XPC-hHR23B complex together with XPE complex (in prokaryotes, uvrAB complex). The following steps of GGR-NER and TCR-NER are similar ...
ID G7Z228_AZOL4 Unreviewed; 523 AA. AC G7Z228; DT 25-JAN-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 25-JAN-2012, sequence version 1. DT 22-NOV-2017, entry version 47. DE RecName: Full=Chromosomal replication initiator protein DnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377, ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU000577, ECO:0000256,SAAS:SAAS00724181}; GN Name=dnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377, GN ECO:0000313,EMBL:CBS85431.1}; GN OrderedLocusNames=AZOLI_0002 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CBS85431.1}; OS Azospirillum lipoferum (strain 4B). OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; OC Rhodospirillaceae; Azospirillum. OX NCBI_TaxID=862719 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CBS85431.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005667}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005667} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=4B {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005667}; RX PubMed=22216014; DOI=10.1371/journal.pgen.1002430; RA Wisniewski-Dye F., Borziak K., Khalsa-Moyers G., Alexandre G., RA Sukharnikov L.O., Wuichet K., Hurst G.B., ...
Main conclusion Profiling of plant secondary metabolite allows to differentiate the different types of ecological interactions established between rice and bacteria. Rice responds to ecologically distinct bacteria by altering its content of flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives. Plants growth and physiology are strongly influenced by the biotic interactions that plants establish with soil bacterial populations. Plants are able to sense and to respond accordingly to ecologically distinct bacteria, by inducing defense pathways against pathogens to prevent parasitic interactions, and by stimulating the growth of root-associated beneficial or commensal bacteria through root exudation. Plant secondary metabolism is expected to play a major role in this control. However, secondary metabolite responses of a same plant to cooperative, commensal and deleterious bacteria have so far never been compared. The impact of the plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) Azospirillum lipoferum 4B on
Attention for Chapter 56: Genetic and Biochemical Studies on the Production of Indole-3-Acetic Acid (Iaa) in Azospirillum Lipoferum ...
Click here for azospirillum bacteria pictures! You can also find pictures of anna bacteria, austin bacteria, axonopodis bacteria.
A Comparative analysis of Indole Acetic Acid in Azospirillum species and enhancing the growth and yield of varieties of Paddy plants. Project Code: AS-049 ...
The ever-increasing human population is a major concern for food security. Maize is the third largest most important food crop. The major problems of cultivation arise from urbanization and land pollution. This reduces the amount of land available for agriculture. The use of chemicals in agriculture is not environmentally friendly. Thus, plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) have been proposed as alternatives. This study aims to test the growth-promoting effect of maize inoculated with six indigenous PGPB isolates. These isolates were assayed for various biochemical and plant growth-promoting activities. They were also assayed for biocontrol activities. Based on the results, six isolates viz A1, A18, A29, NWU4, NWU14, and NWU198 were used to inoculate maize seeds. The inoculated seeds were tried out on the field. A randomized block design was used. PGPB used were in single, consortia of two, and three organisms. The length of the leaves, roots, and stem, plant height, numbers of leaves, and weight of
Learn more about glyphosate at Farmers Footprint and NOFA Mass.. Less widely known (and what our group is focusing on) is the deleterious effects that Roundup and Glyphosate based herbicides have on living things in the soil, thus severely compromising overall soil health (Silva). It is is deadly to nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Cox), mycorrhizae (Chakravarty), plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPR organisms), as well as larger organisms in the soil, such as earthworms. Additionally, they are harmful to pollinators, stimulate soil-borne diseases, compromise plants ability to resist these diseases and reduce plants ability to take up nutrients (Huber; Beyond). Thus, the use of Roundup adversely affects the complex interaction between plants and the soil microbiome, undercutting and hampering the processes of photosynthesis and carbon sequestration.. Sources ...
This non-exhaustive information is based on short-term forecasts for expected developments on the financial markets. KBC Bank cannot guarantee that these forecasts will materialize and cannot be held liable in any way for direct or consequential loss arising from any use of this document or its content. The document is not intended as personalized investment advice and does not constitute a recommendation to buy, sell or hold investments described herein. Although information has been obtained from and is based upon sources KBC believes to be reliable, KBC does not guarantee the accuracy of this information, which may be incomplete or condensed. All opinions and estimates constitute a KBC judgment as of the data of the report and are subject to change without notice ...
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Hello everybodoy! My name is Javier, I m from Spain. Recently, my son has been diagnosed with atypical cystic fibrosis. He is 5 and he is SP. His mutations are: A) 3849+10kbC|T (C.3717+10KbC|T) B)712-G-| T (C.580-1G|t) Until now he has had no graves of affections, only coughs. He never hasn t hospitalized. He was recently detected staphylococci aereus. In the sweat test he gave 52. The general condition is good and the FEV is 100. We are very
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a href=http://atheistnexus.org/video/how-should-rationalists-approach-death-skepticon-4-panel,,br /, ,img src=http://api.ning.com:80/files/Z3e0beMI1KBc3Iqqnzv5O4ZoH4CcdbcPSI8Z8H37SXZvKMVPcjkuGaU*3QaBgB5gaDEVWiuyAuXL4Motr14-Fyj3ZdTDLX-h/832791981.jpeg?width=240&height=180 width=240 height=180 alt=Thumbnail /,,br /, ,/a,,br /,Panel:,br /, James Croft,br /, Greta Christina,br /, Julia Galef,br /, Eliezer Yudkowsky ...
Azospirillum brasilense is a bacterium. Its type strain is Sp 7 (ATCC 29145). It is nitrogen-fixing and is found in rhizospheres of several grasses. A strain originally classified as Roseomonas fauriae was reclassified as A. brasilense. It first isolated from a hand wound of a woman in Hawaii in 1971, and was named for Yvonne Faur for her contributions to public health bacteriology and, specifically, for her contribution to the recognition of pink-pigmented bacteria.. Tarrand, Jeffrey J.; Krieg, Noel R.; Döbereiner, Johanna (1978). A taxonomic study of theSpirillum lipoferumgroup, with descriptions of a new genus,Azospirillumgen. nov. and two species,Azospirillum lipoferum(Beijerinck) comb. nov. andAzospirillum brasilensesp. nov. Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 24 (8): 967-980. doi:10.1139/m78-160. ISSN 0008-4166. Tien TM, Gaskins MH, Hubbell DH (May 1979). Plant Growth Substances Produced by Azospirillum brasilense and Their Effect on the Growth of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum ...
The alternative sigma factor RpoN is a key regulator in the acclimation of Pseudomonas to complex natural environments. In this study we show that RpoN is required for efficient colonization of sugar beet seedlings by the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25, and use phenotypic and bioinformatic approaches to profile the RpoN-dependent traits and genes of P. fluorescens SBW25. RpoN is required for flagellar biosynthesis and for assimilation of a wide variety of nutrient sources including inorganic nitrogen, amino acids, sugar alcohols and dicarboxylic acids. Chemosensitivity assays indicate that RpoN-regulated genes contribute to acid tolerance and resistance to some antibiotics, including tetracyclines and aminoglycosides. Gain of function changes associated with loss of RpoN included increased tolerance to hydroxyurea and Guanazole. Bioinformatic predictions of RpoN-regulated genes show a close correspondence with phenotypic analyses of RpoN-regulated traits and suggest novel
Bacteria of the genus Azospirillum, including the most comprehensively studied Azospirillum brasilense, are non‐pathogenic soil bacteria that promote the growth of diverse plants, making them an attractive model to understand non‐symbiotic, beneficial plant‐bacteria associations
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Las dos primeras en ser descritas fueron A. Posteriormente fueron descritas las especies A. No obstante, en este medio de cultivo son aisladas predominantemente cepas de las especies A. El cultivo puro se logra en diferentes medios de laboratorio , siendo muy comunmente usado un medio adicionado del colorante rojo Congo , en el cual A.. Debido a que el p90 no ha podido ser curado en A. Las especies de A. No obstante, la sobrevivencia de A. Para el uso de diferentes fuentes de carbono, tanto A. Tanto A. Tanto en A. Por ejemplo, la capacidad para producir bacteriocinas por algunas cepas de A. Esta actividad antagonista correlaciona con la alta sensibilidad de A. Estos resultados sugieren que el antagonismo causado por hongos contra Azospirillum es limitado. Por ejemplo, el filtrado de un cultivo de Phialophora radicicola, hongo usado como agente de biocontrol, promueve el crecimiento de A.. Diferentes estudios han mostrado que A. Sin embargo, fue observada la presencia de Azospirillum dentro del ...
HydroFarm BioRighteous, 12 oz Hydro Organics BioRighteous, 12 oz (HOR00771) BioRighteous inch Microbes For Plants inch - Blend No. 2 A powder blend of beneficial soil and plant microbes. Easy and versatile to use. Can be mixed into fertilizers and soils, applied as a foliage spray, added to hydroponic reservoirs and is ideal for brewing plant teas. Can be used together with BioZeus inch Microbes for Plants inch - Blend No. 1. BioRighteous contains the following active ingredients: Beneficial microbes, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azospirillum lipoferum, Azospirillum brasilense, Azotobacter vinelandii, Bacillus laterosprorus, Bacillus licheniforms, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus pumilis, Bacillus subtilis, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Rhizobium japonicum Manufacturers Product Information MSRP each $ 21.48 UPC 727644007720 Dimensions 15.25 x 3.5 x 11 Case Weight 11 Case Quantity 12 HydroFarm: BioRighteous, 12 oz [hf-HOR00771] - Nutrients & Supplements - Gardening
Resumo: O gene LONELY GUY (LOG) de Arabidopsis thaliana codifica uma das enzimas associadas à biossíntese de citocininas. As citocininas são fito-hormônios reguladores do crescimento e desenvolvimentos de plantas. Por meio de ferramentas de bioinformática foram encontrados dois genes homólogos a LOG de Arabidopsis thaliana no genoma de Azospirillum brasilense FP2. A. brasilense é uma bactéria associativa de plantas, fixadora de nitrogênio e promotora de crescimento vegetal. A produção de fito-hormônios, entre eles as citocininas, está ligada a capacidade de promover o crescimento vegetal através da inoculação com bactérias. Sendo assim, o objetivo desse trabalho foi caracterizar as proteínas Log1 e Log2 de A. brasilense. Os genes log1 e log2 foram amplificados através de reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Os produtos de PCR foram clonados no plasmídeo pBlueScript II KS, sequenciados para confirmar a integridade da sequência de bases e subclonados nos plasmídeos ...
Blaha C.A.G., Revers L.F., Passaglia L.M.P., Frazzon J., Schrank I.S. (2000) Characterization of an Azospirillum brasilense Tn5 Mutant with Enhanced Nitrogen Fixtation. In: Pedrosa F.O., Hungria M., Yates G., Newton W.E. (eds) Nitrogen Fixation: From Molecules to Crop Productivity. Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture, vol 38. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-47615-0_ ...
HydroFarm Green Reign All Purpose, 2 lbs Hydro Organics Green Reign All Purpose, 2 lbs (HOG10222) Green Reign inch Bio-Natural Fertilizers for the Home & Garden inch inch Crafted To Keep Gardening Fun & Simple .. & Plants Thriving Naturally inch . 10 customized granular blends of all natural ingredients with mycorrhizae, beneficial microbes, and humic acid. Green Reign offers plant specific blends for all types of indoor and outdoor plants, shrubs, and trees. Contains the following non-plant food ingredients: mycorrhizae, pisolithus tinctorius, scleroderma citrinum, scleroderma cepa, rhizopogon luteolus, rhizopogon fulvigleba, rhizopogon villosulus, rhizopogon amylopogon, glomus intradices, glomus aggregatum, glomus etunicatum, humic acid from langbenite, beneficial microbes, bacillus subtilis, bacillus megaterium, azotobacter vinelandii, rhizobium japonicum, bacillus coagulans, azotobacter chroococcum, azospirillum lipoferum, pseudomonas fluorescens, bacillus laterosprorus Manufacturers Product
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Azospirillum halopraeferens on the growth and development of two Salicornia bigelovii genotypes. AU - Rueda-Puente, E. O.. AU - Castellanos, T.. AU - Troyo-Diéguez, E.. AU - Díaz De León-Alvarez, J. L.. PY - 2004/4/13. Y1 - 2004/4/13. U2 - 10.1071/EA03012. DO - 10.1071/EA03012. M3 - Article. SP - 65. EP - 74. JO - Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture. JF - Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture. SN - 0816-1089. ER - ...
Nitrogen (N) fertilizers are one of the most expensive inputs in agricultural settings. Additionally, the loss of N increases costs, contributes to soil acidification, and causes off-site pollution of the air, groundwater and waterways. This study reviews current knowledge about technologies for N fertilization with potential to increase N use efficiency and reduce its negative effects on the environment. Classic inorganic sources such as urea and ammonium sulfate are the major sources utilized, while controlled N release fertilizers have not been significantly adopted for cereals and oil crops. Microorganisms, with the exception of Rhizobium sp. in soybeans, are also not widely used nowadays (e.g., plant growth-promoting bacteria and cynobacteria). The interest in implementing new N fertilization knowledge is stimulating the development of sensors to diagnose the N status and decision support systems for integrating several variables to optimize sources, rates and methods of application. Among
Timetrics KBC Group NV (KBC) : Company Profile and SWOT Analysis contains in depth information and data about the company and its operations. The profile contains a company overview, key facts, major products and services, SWOT analysis, business description, company history, key competitors, financial analysis, mergers & acquisitions, recent developments, key employees, company locations and subsidiaries as well as employee biographies.. Summary. This report is a crucial resource for industry executives and anyone looking to access key information about KBC Group NV. The report utilizes a wide range of primary and secondary sources, which are analyzed and presented in a consistent and easily accessible format. Timetric strictly follows a standardized research methodology to ensure high levels of data quality and these characteristics guarantee a unique report.. Scope. Examines and identifies key information and issues about KBC Group NV for business intelligence requirements.. Studies ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 21:1001-1009...Celeste Molina-Favero,1 Cecilia Mónica Creus,1 Marcela Simontacchi,2 Susana Puntarulo,2 and Lorenzo Lamattina3...© 2008 The American Phytopathological Society...
Azospirilla are well-known plant-beneficial α-proteobacteria. However, they have been isolated not only from a wide range of plant, soil, and water locations, but also from human tissues. Thus, it is...
By Christopher WhittallLONDON, Jan 10 (IFR) - KBC Bank will seek to emulateBarclays hugely successful contingent convertible (CoCo) bondof last year, as it prepares to embark on a roadshow for a USdollar benchmark deal that closely mirrors the UK bankspermanent write-down bond.The Belgian lender has yet to publicly detail the structure,although one lead manager said it would include a permanentwrite-down feature once the banks Common Equity Tier 1 fallsbelow 7% - the same trigger level used in the Barclays CoCo. Itwill be led by KBC, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, GoldmanSachs, Morgan Stanley, JP Morgan and Credit Suisse.A 10-year non-call five subordinated Reg S Tier 2 benchmarkis expected, with KBC previously announcing last year that itplanned to launch EUR750m of non-dilutive CoCos in the firstquarter of this year.The structure will be very close to the Barclays CoCo,said the banker. The strong demand for the Barclays deal showed there is appetite for these types of issues.Barclays attracted
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Azospirillum brasilense, is a nitrogen fixing bacteria, OMRI certified. Plants grow organic faster with bigger root systems. Organic certified for cannabis.
Manufacturer of Fertilizer - Buy Organic NPK Biofertilizers, Azospirillum Biofertilizers, Azotobacter Biofertilizers, Bio organic Fertilizers offered by Junna Life Sciences Pvt Ltd from Hyderabad, Telangana.
KBCs net rose 29% in the first quarter on strength in the Belgian companys banking unit and a gain on the sale of its stake in Belgacom.
Bollywood actress Sonakshi Sinha, who appeared on Kaun Banega Crorepati recently, found herself as a target of trolls for not knowing an answer based
When he takes his seat in the KBC ring once again, Amitabh Bachchan will be seen in his trademark sharply tailored suits designed by Ravi Bajaj.
Watch whats live now on KBC Channel 1 and our other TV Stations. Never miss new episodes from your favorite shows, reruns and movies. Stream online for free today.. ...
Dr.Daniela Tatiana Sala is currently affiliated to Department of Oncological Surgery, continuing research in the specialized scientific area of Minimally Invasive Para..
Each 620mg capsule of Prescript-Assist™ contains a proprietary blend of Leonardite and the following microorganisms:. Arthrobacter agilis, Arthrobacter citreus, Arthrobacter globiformis, Arthrobacter luteus, Arthrobacter simplex, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azotobacter paspali, Azospirillum brasiliense, Azospirillum lipoferum, Bacillus brevis, Bacillus marcerans, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus polymyxa, Bacillus subtilis, Bacteroides lipolyticum, Bacteriodes succinogenes, Brevibacterium lipolyticum, Brevibacterium stationis, Kurthia zopfii, Myrothecium verrucaria, Pseudomonas calcis, Pseudomonas dentrificans, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas glathei, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Streptomyces fradiae, Streptomyces cellulosae, Streptomyces griseoflavus.. Other Ingredients: cellulose (vegetarian capsule), l-leucine, bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) extract. ...
Bacterial NADPH-dependent glutamate synthase (GltS) is a complex iron-sulfur flavoprotein that catalyzes the reductive synthesis of two L-Glu molecules from L-Gln and 2-oxo-glutarate. GltS functional unit hosts an α-subunit (αGltS) and a β-subunit (βGltS) that assemble in different αβ oligomers in solution. Here, we present the cryo-electron microscopy structures of Azospirillum brasilense GltS in four different oligomeric states (αβ, αβ, αβ and αβ, in the 3.5- to 4.1-Å resolution range). Our study provides a comprehensive GltS model that details the inter-protomeric assemblies and allows unequivocal location of the FAD cofactor and of two electron transfer [4Fe-4S] clusters within βGltS ...
Members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), such as B. ambifaria, are effective biocontrol strains, for instance, as plant growth-promoting bacteria; however, Bcc isolates can also cause severe respiratory infections in people suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF). No distinction is known between isolates from environmental and human origins, suggesting that the natural environment is a potential source of infectious Bcc species. While investigating the presence and role of phase variation in B. ambifaria HSJ1, an isolate recovered from a CF patient, we identified stable variants that arose spontaneously irrespective of the culture conditions. Phenotypic and proteomic approaches revealed that the transition from wild-type to variant types affects the expression of several putative virulence factors. By using four different infection models (Drosophila melanogaster, Galleria mellonella, macrophages and Dictyostelium discoideum), we showed that the wild-type was more virulent than the ...
Spaepen, S., W. Versées, D. Gocke, M. Pohl, J. Steyaert, and J. Vanderleyden, Characterization of phenylpyruvate decarboxylase, involved in auxin production of Azospirillum brasilense., J Bacteriol, vol. 189, issue 21, pp. 7626-33, 2007 Nov. ...
KBC International is proud to be a retailer of Horseware, Weatherbeeta, and Jacks brand blankets. We stock a wide range of winter blankets in all weights, as well as stable and turnout sheets, fly protection, coolers, and more. If you do not see the style of blanket that you are looking for, please contact the customer service department and we will do our best to order it for you. As colors change with most brands seasonally, please feel free to call the store at 1-800-928-7777 to verify the currently available styles. KBC offers several options for custom blankets, however we ask you to please call the store to place those orders, as custom items are non-returnable. ...
Tijekom epidemije influence A (H1N1) u Osječko-baranjskoj županiji od 2000. do 2001. godine liječeno je 6 bolesnica s encefalitisom. Najmla,a bolesnica imala je 17, a najstarija 60 godina. Srednja životna dob je 36.5 godina. Tri (50%) su bolesnice dobile encefalitis 4-tog i 5-tog dana od pojave simptoma influence, a dvije (33.3%) tijekom prvih 24-48 sati od početka bolesti. Bolest se očitovala glavoboljom, visokom temperaturom, općom slabošću i poremećajem svijesti do kome. Tri (50%) su bolesnice imale epi napad tipa grand mal. U svih je bolesnica (100%) na,en patolo{ki EEG, u tri (50%) je na CT-u nađen jači edem mozga. U dvije (33.3%) bolesnice u kojih se encefalitis javio prvih dana influence na,ene su povišene vrijednosti jetrenih enzima i leukopenija u perifernoj krvi. Jedna (16.6%) je bolesnica umrla, a u dvije (33.3%) ostale su trajne sekvele ...
induced by Azospirillum brasilense: II. Heterotrophic conditions". Enzyme and Microbial Technology. 51 (5): 300-309. doi: ... when co-immobilized in alginate beads with the microalgae-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense". Canadian Journal ... Chlorella vulgaris when coimmobilized and cocultured in alginate beads with the plant-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum ...
Her favorite bacterium is Azospirillum brasilense. Discovery and engineering of plant chemistry, 2017 "Elizabeth Sattely, PhD ...
For non-leguminous crops, Azospirillum has been demonstrated to be beneficial in some cases for nitrogen fixation and plant ... Khammas, K. M. & Kaiser, P. (1992) Pectin decomposition and associated nitrogen fixation by mixed cultures of Azospirillum and ... Bashan, Y., Holguin, G. & E., D.-B. L. (2004) Azospirillum-plant relationships: physiological, molecular, agricultural, and ... Lippi, D., Cacciari, I., Pietrosanti, T. & Pietrosanti, W. (1992) Interactions between Azospirillum and Arthrobacter in ...
2005). "A survey of environmental and biological factors (Azospirillum spp., Agrobacterium rhizogenes, Pseudomonas aurantiaca) ...
December 2011). Richardson PM (ed.). "Azospirillum genomes reveal transition of bacteria from aquatic to terrestrial ...
Various Azospirillum species possess 7 replicons, Azospirillum lipoferum, for instance, has 1 bacterial chromosome, 5 chromids ... "Azospirillum Genomes Reveal Transition of Bacteria from Aquatic to Terrestrial Environments". PLOS Genetics. 7 (12): e1002430. ...
Azospirillum inoculations are recommended mainly for sorghum, millets, maize, sugarcane and wheat. Blue green algae belonging ...
Azospirillum III Genetics · Physiology · Ecology Proceedings of the Third Bayreuth Azospirillum Workshop. Berlin, Heidelberg: ...
However, further studies found that R. fauriae was a strain of Azospirillum brasilense, and did not belong in the genus ... 1998 as a later heterotypic synonym of Azospirillum brasilense Tarrand et al. 1979. International Journal of Systematic and ...
"Isolation and characterization of Azotobacter and Azospirillum strains from the sugarcane rhizosphere" (PDF). Plant and Soil. ...
Examples of organisms that do this are rhizobia and Frankia (in symbiosis) and Azospirillum. All diazotrophs contain iron- ...
Actinomyces and Azospirillum produce growth hormones that increase root growth and uptake of nutrients. While many of these ...
Azospirillum fluorescens, and Azospirillum lipoferum and notable nitrogen-fixing bacteria associated with legumes includes ... The dominant species found in the rhizosphere is a microbe from the genus Azospirillum. Endophytic relationships involve the ...
"Bacterial chemotactic motility is important for the initiation of wheat root colonization by Azospirillum brasilense". ...
In addition to nitrogen fixation, Azospirillum species promote plant growth through production of growth phytohormones (auxins ... Steenhoudt O, Vanderleyden J (October 2000). "Azospirillum, a free-living nitrogen-fixing bacterium closely associated with ...
Holguin G, Bashan Y (December 1996). "Nitrogen-fixation by Azospirillum brasilense Cd is promoted when co-cultured with a ... Bacteria that have been shown to be beneficial and form biofilms include Bacillus, Pseudomonas, and Azospirillum. Biofilms in ...
El-Shanshoury, A. R. (September 1995). "Interactions of Azotobacter chroococcum, Azospirillum brasilense and Streptomyces ...
"Impact of free-living diazotrophs, Azospirillum lipoferum and Gluconacetobacter azotocaptans, on growth and nitrogen ... Mehnaz S, Lazarovits G (2006). "Inoculation effects of Pseudomonas putida, Gluconacetobacter azotocaptans, and Azospirillum ...
Her early work includes studies of Azospirillum and other bacteria that could be useful to Brazilian soil. She later played an ...
... irrigated oilseed halophyte Salicornia bigelovii inoculated with mangrove rhizosphere bacteria and halotolerant Azospirillum ...
Synthesis of the tetrasaccharide related to the repeating unit of the O-antigen from Azospirillum brasilense Jm125A2 in the ... "Synthesis of the tetrasaccharide related to the repeating unit of the O-antigen from Azospirillum brasilense Jm125A2 in the ...
Crops have been inoculated with Rhizobia (and more recently Azospirillum) to increase their production or to allow them to be ...
Genus Azospirillum. *Genus Dechlorospirillum. *Genus Defluvicoccus. *Genus Inquilinus. *Genus Magnetospirillum. *Genus ...
... can be significantly enhanced in its initial stages by inoculation with plant growth-promoting bacteria such as Azospirillum ...
Azospirillum Biofertilizer, Azospirillum Manufacturer, Azospirillum Biofertilizer Wholesaler from Coimbatore, India Technology ... http://www.zpdviii.gov.in/iihr.pdf Foliar Spraying of Micronutrients in Banana , agropedia Azospirillum - ...
When the root nodules of broad bean are inoculated with the rhodospirillacean bacterium Azospirillum brasilense and the ...
Tetracoccus Genus Thalassobacter Genus Thalassobius Genus Thioclava Genus Yangia Family Rhodospirillaceae Genus Azospirillum ...
Azospirillum MeSH B03.440.400.425.708.100.020 - Azospirillum brasilense MeSH B03.440.400.425.708.100.510 - Azospirillum ... Azospirillum MeSH B03.660.050.663.750.100.020 - Azospirillum brasilense MeSH B03.660.050.663.750.100.510 - Azospirillum ...
... which exposed the roots of different species of tree to rhizobacteria and the nitrogen fixing bacterium Azospirillum ...
... gen. nov. and two species, Azospirillum lipoferum (Beijerinck) comb. nov. and Azospirillum brasilense sp. nov". ... Azospirillum are gram-negative, do not form spores, and have a slightly-twisted oblong-rod shape. Azospirillum have at least ... Azospirillum promote plant growth through a variety of mechanisms. Many Azospirillum excrete plant hormones that alter how the ... Azospirillum bacteria can promote plant growth. The genus Azospirillum belongs in the alpha-Proteobacteria class of bacteria. ...
1990) Azospirillum associations. In: Gresshoff P.M., Roth L.E., Stacey G., Newton W.E. (eds) Nitrogen Fixation. Springer, ... This controversy stems from non-reproducible results of Azospirillum inoculations in pot and field trials. Based on the natural ... Nitrogen Fixation Tropical Vegetation Plant Growth Promotion Effect Azospirillum Inoculation Indigenous Plasmid These keywords ... Since its rediscovery in 1975 by Döbereiner and collaborators (18), Azospirillum has been the subject of much controversy in ...
Azospirillum gen. nov. and two species, Azospirillum lipoferum (Beijerinck) comb. nov. and Azospirillum brasilense sp. nov". ... Azospirillum are gram-negative, do not form spores, and have a slightly-twisted oblong-rod shape. Azospirillum have at least ... Azospirillum promote plant growth through a variety of mechanisms. Many Azospirillum excrete plant hormones that alter how the ... Azospirillum bacteria can promote plant growth. The genus Azospirillum belongs in the alpha-Proteobacteria class of bacteria. ...
Azospirillum gen. nov. and two species, Azospirillum lipoferum(Beijerinck) comb. nov. and Azospirillum brasilense sp. nov". ... "Azospirillum brasilense" at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Azospirillum brasilense at BacDive - the Bacterial ... An isolate from the genus Azospirillum was isolated from nitrogen poor soils in the Netherlands in 1925, however the species A ... Azospirillum brasilense is a well studied, nitrogen-fixing (diazotroph), genetically tractable, Gram-negative, alpha- ...
hypothetical protein AZL_e01480 (plasmid) [Azospirillum sp. B510]. * This record was replaced or removed. The sequence YP_ ...
Click here for azospirillum bacteria pictures! You can also find pictures of anna bacteria, austin bacteria, axonopodis ... The plant growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum is a rhizosphere bacteria (root dweller). A main... When a plant is colonized ... Root colonization by Azospirillum brasilense visualizing by Fluorescence In situ Hybridization... Colonización de la raíz de ... Biofertilizantes Se fomenta la producción y el uso de azospirillum brasilensis, bacteria específica... Cell-cell interaction of ...
Azospirillum lipoferum. From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource. Revision as of 17:58, 29 September 2015 by ... Azospirillum lipoferum, is a free living, gram positive, plant-growth-promoting a-proteobacteria, capable of affecting the ... Azospirillum lipoferum colonizes root plants forming a symbiotic Relationship where the plant benefits through N2 fixation, ... Transmission electron micrograph of Azospirillum lipoferum 4B grown in liquid culture. (F, polar flagellum; bar, 1 µm).Source: ...
All strains of Azospirillum lipoferum and Azospirillum brasilense... ... Cellular fatty acid composition of 14 strains from the four species of Azospirillum was determined by gas chromatographic ... Cellular fatty acid composition Azospirillum lipoferum/brasilense Azospirillum halopraeferens Azospirillum amazonense ... All strains of Azospirillum lipoferum and Azospirillum brasilense were similar in fatty acid data, thus not revealing an ...
Peptidoglycan biosynthesis - Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , ...
Azospirillum brasilense=== ==Description and Significance== Azospirillum brasilense is one of the most well-studied ... Azospirillum/Plant Associations. Boca, Raton: CRC, 1994. Google. Web. 21 July 2013. [4] Steenhoudt, O., and J. Vanderlayden ... View source for Azospirillum brasilense. From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource ... References , [3]]] Within its family Azospirillum can be distinguished from other members by lack of phototropy, the inability ...
To explain what Azospirillum is, from the National Library of Medicine of the United States: ... and Azotobacter. Four aspects of the Azospirillum-plant root interaction are highlighted: natural habitat, plant root ... Azospirillum represents the best characterized genus of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Other free-living diazotrophs ... The attachment of Azospirillum cells to plant roots occurs in two steps. The polar flagellum, of which the flagellin was shown ...
... for Azospirillum species. Analysis with the nifHD region of Rhizobium trifolii showed that the Azospirillum nif genes were ... Plasmid visualization and nif gene location in nitrogen-fixing Azospirillum strains.. J Plazinski, P J Dart, B G Rolfe ... Plasmid visualization and nif gene location in nitrogen-fixing Azospirillum strains. Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded ...
Azospirillum sp. (strain B510)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,D3NZ62,D3NZ62_AZOS1 DotU domain-containing protein OS=Azospirillum sp. (strain B510) OX=137722 GN=AZL_a01600 PE=4 SV=1 ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Alphaproteobacteria › Rhodospirillales › Rhodospirillaceae › Azospirillum › ...
A 40-kb DNA region containing the major cluster of nif genes has been isolated from the Azospirillum brasilense Sp7 genome. In ... Sequencing and promoter analysis of the nifENXorf3orf5fdxAnifQ operon from Azospirillum brasilense Sp7.. Potrich DP1, Bressel ... This result suggests the differential expression of the nif genes and their respective products in Azospirillum. ...
We are leading Manufacturer of Azospirillum Biofertilizers, Bacillus Subtilis, Pseudomonas Fluorescens, Trichoderma Viride, ...
Azospirillum lipoferum (strain 4B). Azospirillum oryzae. 146. UniRef90_G7ZBW2. Cluster: Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small ... Azospirillum lipoferum (strain 4B)Imported. ,p>Information which has been imported from another database using automatic ... tr,G7ZBW2,G7ZBW2_AZOL4 Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small chain (RuBisCO small subunit) OS=Azospirillum lipoferum (strain ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Alphaproteobacteria › Rhodospirillales › Rhodospirillaceae › Azospirillum › ...
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NITROGEN FIXATION AND NITRATE RESPIRATION IN AZOSPIRILLUM. H. Bothe, M. Stephan, J. Döbereiner ... NITROGEN FIXATION AND NITRATE RESPIRATION IN AZOSPIRILLUM Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ...
... lipoferum 4B and Azospirillum sp. B510). The Azospirillum core genome was established and consists of 2,328 proteins, ... The genomes of several Azospirillum strains belonging to different species, isolated from various host plants and locations, ... Bacteria of the genus Azospirillum colonize roots of important cereals and grasses, and promote plant growth by several ...
The major feature of the plant-growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum brasilense is its ability to modify plant root ... providing evidence that NO mediated Azospirillum-induced root branching. These results show that aerobic NO synthesis in A. ...
Two-component system - Azospirillum sp. TSH58 [ Pathway menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show description , Image (png) ...
2010) Action of Azospirillum lipoferum on the Development of Corn Plants. Revista Verde, 5, 113-117. ... 2010) Action of Azospirillum lipoferum on the Development of Corn Plants. Revista Verde, 5, 113-117. ...
Key words: Two-component system protein, ·cyst development, ·nitrogen fixation,·Azospirillum brasilense. ... Mutants of the hybrid sensor kinase CstA affect cyst cell development in Azospirillum brasilense Sp7. Lixian Wu 1#, Yanhua Cui ...
In this context, Azospirillum species, a nitrogen-fixing microorganism found in the rhizosphere of various plant species, may ... with Azospirillum brasilense is beneficial to soybean yield, mainly using the in-furrow method of application for ... in-furrow and seed-applied) combined with an in-furrow application of Azospirillum spp. At R2 growth stage, the nodule number, ... associated with the co-inoculation with Azospirillum spp. The tested treatments consisted of the absence of N fertilizer and ...
ed.), Azospirillum IV: Genetics, Physiology and Ecology, p.16-25. Proc. Fourth Bayrenth Azospirillum Workshop, Bayrenth, ... Blaha C.A.G., Revers L.F., Passaglia L.M.P., Frazzon J., Schrank I.S. (2000) Characterization of an Azospirillum brasilense Tn5 ...
Azospirillum brasilense (bacteria). Method. single particle reconstruction / cryo EM / Resolution: 3.9 Å Details. Authors. ... Structure of Azospirillum brasilense Glutamate Synthase in a4b4 oligomeric state.. Map data. Details. Sample. Glutamate ... Title: Cryo-EM Structures of Azospirillum brasilense Glutamate Synthase in Its Oligomeric Assemblies.. Authors: Paolo Swuec / ... Here, we present the cryo-electron microscopy structures of Azospirillum brasilense GltS in four different oligomeric states ( ...
Flocculation in Azospirillum brasilense and Azospirillum lipoferum: exopolysaccharides and cyst formation. J Bacteriol 163:716- ... Azospirillum lipoferum and Azospirillum brasilense surface polysaccharide mutants that are affected in flocculation. J Appl ... Calcofluor- and lectin-binding exocellular polysaccharides of Azospirillum brasilense and Azospirillum lipoferum. J Bacteriol ... Azospirillum genomes reveal transition of bacteria from aquatic to terrestrial environments. PLoS Genet 7:e1002430. doi:10.1371 ...
Hartman, A., Fu, H.-A., Song, S.-D., and Burris, R.H. (1985). In: Klingmuller, W. (ed.): Azospirillum III: Genetics, Physiology ... Sadasivan L., Neyra C.A. (1988) Carbon Sources for the In-Vivo Nitrate Reductase Activity in Azospirillum Brasilense Cells. In ... Carbon Sources for the In-Vivo Nitrate Reductase Activity in Azospirillum Brasilense Cells. ... Klingmüller W. (eds) Azospirillum IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. * DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-73072-6_17 ...
Physiology of Azospirillum, p. 15-39. In Y. Okon (ed.), Azospirillum/plant associations. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla. ... Current status of Azospirillum inoculation technology: Azospirillum as a challenge for agriculture. Can. J. Microbiol. 36:591- ... Azospirillum plant growth-promoting strains are nonpathogenic on tomato, pepper, cotton, and wheat. Can. J. Microbiol. 44:168- ... Tomato by Using the Plant Growth-Promoting Bacterium Azospirillum brasilense. Yoav Bashan, Luz E. de-Bashan ...
Sp245 to Study the Plasmid Rearrangement in This Bacterium and to Search for Homologous Sequences in Plasmids of Azospirillum ... and Two Species, Azospirillum lipoferum (Beijerinck) Comb. Nov. and Azospirillum brasilense sp. Nov. ... Azospirillum VI and Related Microorganisms: Genetics, Physiology, Ecology: NATO ASI Series. De Troch, P.; Petersen, D.J.; ... Azospirillum VI and Related Microorganisms: Genetics, Physiology, Ecology: NATO ASI Series. Katzy, E.; Petrova, L.; Borisov, I ...
Our results show that the GlnB protein is required for transcription activation by Azospirillum brasilense NifA and it cannot ... The Azospirillum brasilense transcription regulator NifA and the nitrogen-status signaling proteins GlnB, GlnZ and GlnK were ... Functional analysis of the fixL/fixJ and fixK genes in Azospirillum brasilense Sp7. *Huamin Li, Feng Xu, Xiaojie Ren, Sanfeng ... Expression and characterization of an N-truncated form of the NifA protein of Azospirillum brasilense. *C.Y. Nishikawa, L M ...
  • Due to this discovery, Spirillum lipoferum was reclassified in 1978 as Azospirillum lipoferum by Jeffery Tarrand, Noel Krieg, and Döbereiner, who also added Azospirillum brasilense to the genus. (wikipedia.org)
  • An isolate from the genus Azospirillum was isolated from nitrogen poor soils in the Netherlands in 1925, however the species A. brasilense was first described in 1978 in Brazil, since this genus is widely found in the rhizospheres of grasses around the world where it confers plant growth promotion. (wikipedia.org)
  • nov. and Azospirillum brasilense sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant Growth Substances Produced by Azospirillum brasilense and Their Effect on the Growth of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum L.)". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998 as a later heterotypic synonym of Azospirillum brasilense Tarrand et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Swędrzyńska, D. "Effect of inokulation with Azospirillum brasilense on development and yielding of winter wheat and oat under different cultivation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Root colonization by Azospirillum brasilense visualizing by Fluorescence In situ Hybridization. (picsearch.com)
  • All strains of Azospirillum lipoferum and Azospirillum brasilense were similar in fatty acid data, thus not revealing an expected distinction between the two long established species. (springer.com)
  • 3]]] ==='''''Azospirillum brasilense'''''=== ==Description and Significance== ''Azospirillum brasilense'' is one of the most well-studied plant growth promoting bacteria. (kenyon.edu)
  • Return to Azospirillum brasilense . (kenyon.edu)
  • In Azospirillum brasilense and H. seropedicae (alpha- and beta-subgroup, respectively), NifA is inactive in conditions of excess nitrogen. (agriville.com)
  • In A. brasilense and Azospirillum lipoferum posttranslational control of nitrogenase, in response to ammonium and anaerobiosis, involves ADP-ribosylation of the nitrogenase iron protein, mediated by the enzymes DraT and DraG. (agriville.com)
  • Sequencing and promoter analysis of the nifENXorf3orf5fdxAnifQ operon from Azospirillum brasilense Sp7. (nih.gov)
  • A 40-kb DNA region containing the major cluster of nif genes has been isolated from the Azospirillum brasilense Sp7 genome. (nih.gov)
  • The major feature of the plant-growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum brasilense is its ability to modify plant root architecture. (apsnet.org)
  • with Azospirillum brasilense is beneficial to soybean yield, mainly using the in-furrow method of application for Bradyrhizobium spp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Effect of nitrogen fertilization associated with inoculation of Azospirillum brasilense and Herbaspirillum seropedicae on corn. (academicjournals.org)
  • Efficiency of inoculant with Azospirillum brasilense on the growth and yield of second-harvest maize. (academicjournals.org)
  • Blaha C.A.G., Revers L.F., Passaglia L.M.P., Frazzon J., Schrank I.S. (2000) Characterization of an Azospirillum brasilense Tn5 Mutant with Enhanced Nitrogen Fixtation. (springer.com)
  • EMDB-10104: Structure of Azospirillum brasilense Glutamate Synthase in a4b4 o. (pdbj.org)
  • Structure of Azospirillum brasilense Glutamate Synthase in a4b4 oligomeric state. (pdbj.org)
  • Cryo-EM Structures of Azospirillum brasilense Glutamate Synthase in Its Oligomeric Assemblies. (pdbj.org)
  • Here, we present the cryo-electron microscopy structures of Azospirillum brasilense GltS in four different oligomeric states (αβ, αβ, αβ and αβ, in the 3.5- to 4.1-Å resolution range). (pdbj.org)
  • The motile microaerophilic bacterium Azospirillum brasilense navigates oxygen gradients by aerotaxis in order to locate low oxygen concentrations that can support metabolism. (asm.org)
  • tomato, the causal agent of bacterial speck of tomato, and the plant growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense were inoculated onto tomato plants, either alone, as a mixed culture, or consecutively. (asm.org)
  • Tomato plants are hosts to Azospirillum brasilense , a plant growth-promoting bacterium (PGPB) ( 7 , 8 ), and Pseudomonas syringae pv. (asm.org)
  • The Use of Fragments of the 85- and 120-MDa Plasmids of Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 to Study. (deepdyve.com)
  • GlnB is specifically required for Azospirillum brasilense NifA activity in Escherichia coli. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The Azospirillum brasilense transcription regulator NifA and the nitrogen-status signaling proteins GlnB, GlnZ and GlnK were expressed in Escherichia coli and analyzed for their ability to activate nif gene expression. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Enhanced performance of the microalga Chlorella sorokiniana remotely induced by the plant growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum brasilense and Bacillus pumilus. (healthmentor.club)
  • The plant growth-promoting proteobacterium Azospirillum brasilense enhances growth of many economically important crops, such as wheat, maize, and rice. (healthmentor.club)
  • In this work, FTIR spectroscopy was used, for the first time for bacteria of the genus Azospirillumto comparatively study 6-day-mature biofilms formed on the surface of ZnSe discs by the aislamisnto Azospirillum brasilense Sp and its mutant A. (healthmentor.club)
  • Comparisons were made between plants inoculated with live and autoclaved bacterial suspensions of Australian and Brazilian isolates of Azospirillum brasilense. (healthmentor.club)
  • On the basis of diagnostic signs the investigated strains were referred to Azospirillum brasilense from Azospirillum genus. (evangelia.ru)
  • The Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 genome harbours nine genes encoding σ E , of which two are adjacent to the genes encoding ChrR-type zinc-binding anti-sigma (ZAS) factors. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate differences between maize genotypes in relation to the germination response of the seeds and the growth of seedlings inoculated with Azospirillum brasilense, as well as the effect of inoculation on nitrogen levels and the chlorophyll content index of the leaves. (unesp.br)
  • O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar diferenças entre genótipos de milho quanto à resposta germinativa das sementes e crescimento de plântulas inoculadas com Azospirillum brasilense, assim como o efeito da inoculação no teor de nitrogênio e índice de conteúdo de clorofila foliar. (unesp.br)
  • The plant growth promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense Sp7 accumulates high quantities of bioplastic PHB as carbon and energy source. (springeropen.com)
  • Azospirillum brasilense is one of the most promising PGPB and wheat roots colonized by A. brasilense is a good model to investigate the molecular basis of plant-PGPB interaction including improvement in plant-NUE promoted by PGPB. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objective of this study is to evaluate the accumulation potential of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in: a) cover crops (millet, crotalaria, pigeon pea, millet + crotalaria, millet + pigeon pea and fallow) and b) corn plants sown in succession to the cover crops and with application of nitrogen doses (0, 40, 80 and 120 kg ha-1) in topdressing and inoculation via seeds using Azospirillum brasilense. (unesp.br)
  • Inoculation via seeds using Azospirillum brasilense did not increase the accumulation of dry matter and nutrients of corn plants. (unesp.br)
  • 2. Ardakani M.R., Mazaheri D., Mafakheri S., Moghaddam A. (2011) Absorption efficiency of N, P, K through triple inoculation of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by Azospirillum brasilense, Streptomyces sp. (cirworld.com)
  • 9. de-Bashan L.E, Moreno M., Hernandez J.P., Bashan Y. (2002) Removal of ammonium and phosphorus ions from synthetic wastewater by the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris co-immobilized in alginate beads with the microalgae growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense. (cirworld.com)
  • 2010) Growth of Quailbush in Acidic, Metalliferous Desert Mine Tailings:Effect of Azospirillum brasilense Sp6 on Biomass Production and Rhizosphere Community Structure Microb. (cirworld.com)
  • 15. Caballero-Mellado J., Lopez-Reyes L., Bustillos-Cristales R. (1999) Presence of 16S rRNA genes in multiple replicons in Azospirillum brasilense. (cirworld.com)
  • How Does the DraG-P II Complex Regulate Nitrogenase Activity in Azospirillum brasilense ? (wiley.com)
  • An experiment was carried out with endophytic fixing bacteria Azospirillum brasilense and Pseudomonas fluorescens isolated from brinjal, in different combinations with inorganic fertilizers by seed inoculation of brinjal to observe preliminary vegetative growth at 15th and 30th day and pigment contents in vegetable nursery bed (proplates). (scipress.com)
  • The seeds treated with 75% Chemical fertilizer + Azospirillum brasilense + Pseudomonas fluorescens (T 6 ) showed maximum plant vegetative characters, followed by others compared with control. (scipress.com)
  • Por meio de ferramentas de bioinformática foram encontrados dois genes homólogos a LOG de Arabidopsis thaliana no genoma de Azospirillum brasilense FP2. (ufpr.br)
  • Palavra-chave: Citocininas, Azospirillum brasilense, fosforribohidrolases. (ufpr.br)
  • Azospirillum brasilense FP2 has two genes homologous to LOG of A. thaliana as revealed by genome searching through computational analysis with amino acid sequences of LOGs previously described. (ufpr.br)
  • The complete nucleotide sequence of the nitrogenase structural genes form Azospirillum brasilense was determined. (bvsalud.org)
  • The ammonium‐dependent posttranslational regulation of nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense requires dinitrogenase reductase ADP‐ribosyl transferase (DraT) and dinitrogenase reductase ADP‐glycohydrolase (DraG). (usda.gov)
  • Interactions of Azotobacter chroococcum, Azospirillum brasilense and Streptomyces mutabilis, in relation to their effect on wheat development. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Pectic Enzymes of Azospirillum Brasilense. (weltbild.de)
  • Nine bacterial strains were used: Azospirillum brasilense (C16 and SP7), Azospirillum lipoferum C15, Azotobacter chroococcum AC1 and AC10, Azotobacter vinelandii AV5, Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110, Rhizobium sp. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Azospirillum brasilense , and several species of Paenibacillus ( P. fujiensis , P. durus , P. borealis , P. graminis , P. massiliensis and P. wynnii ) were identified. (scirp.org)
  • To gain insights into how these bacteria transitioned from marine to terrestrial ecosystems, the authors sequenced the genomes of Azospirillum brasilense and Azospirillum lipoferum . (asmblog.org)
  • A taxonomic study of the Spirillum lipoferum group, with descriptions of a new genus, Azospirillum gen. nov. and two species, Azospirillum lipoferum(Beijerinck) comb. (wikipedia.org)
  • Azospirillum lipoferum , is a free living, gram positive, plant-growth-promoting a-proteobacteria, capable of affecting the growth and yield of numerous plant species, many of agronomic and ecological significance. (kenyon.edu)
  • Transmission electron micrograph of Azospirillum lipoferum 4B grown in liquid culture. (kenyon.edu)
  • Azospirillum lipoferum colonizes root plants forming a symbiotic Relationship where the plant benefits through N2 fixation, phytohormones, and hormone balance. (kenyon.edu)
  • Berggold R, Werner D (1987) Sucrose uptake in an Azospirillum lipoferum isolate from Sorghum rhizopheres. (springer.com)
  • 2010) Action of Azospirillum lipoferum on the Development of Corn Plants. (scirp.org)
  • Azospirillum lipoferum" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (ucdenver.edu)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Azospirillum lipoferum" by people in this website by year, and whether "Azospirillum lipoferum" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (ucdenver.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Azospirillum lipoferum" by people in Profiles. (ucdenver.edu)
  • different doses of Azospirillum lipoferum in Panicum maximum cv. (healthmentor.club)
  • 50, 319-329 ISOLATION OF TRANSPOSON INDUCED AUXIN-NEGATIVE MUTATIONS IN AZOSPIRILLUM LIPOFERUM Mohammed Safwat Abdel-Salam a ) and Walter Klingmüller Lehrstuhl für Genetik, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, D-8S80 Bayreuth, Federal Republic of Germany Summary: A highly effective method for transposon TnS mutagenesis in ~ lipoferum is reported. (diamondveneer.co.uk)
  • Kinetics of kelthane uptake and distribution in azospirillum lipoferum. (worldcat.org)
  • Colonization of wheat roots with Azospirillum lipoferum labeled with the green fluorescent protein (gfp) reporter gene. (asmblog.org)
  • Azospirillum bacteria can promote plant growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Azospirillum belongs in the alpha-Proteobacteria class of bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colonización de la raíz de una planta de Sorgo por la Bacteria Promotora de Crecimeinto en Plantas. (picsearch.com)
  • Modelo conceptual del coinmovilizado de la microalga con la bacteria en esferas de alginato para el. (picsearch.com)
  • La coinmovilizacion en esferas de alginado de la microalga Chlorella y la bacteria promotorad de. (picsearch.com)
  • The contribution of the plant growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum spp. (picsearch.com)
  • Biofertilizantes Se fomenta la producción y el uso de azospirillum brasilensis, bacteria específica. (picsearch.com)
  • The plant growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum is a rhizosphere bacteria (root dweller). (picsearch.com)
  • The interaction between the plant growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum and its host plant can be. (picsearch.com)
  • Upon inoculation, the plant growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum faced tough competition from the. (picsearch.com)
  • Plant growth promoting Rhizobacteria (Rhizobium and Azospirillum) are beneficial bacteria present in soil and forming associations with roots of plants. (gov.pk)
  • Jesus Caballero Mellado Personal Page One of these options is the use of bio-fertilizers, for which the nitrogen fixing bacteria Azospirillum sp. (evangelia.ru)
  • Kajas In conclusion, the green house results in respect to in vitro achievements show that fortunately it can be claimed that bacteria of the genus Azospirillum can be used widely for not only strategic gramineous plants like: Only three strains of Azospirillum species showed the activity and were indentified by cultural, biochemical and drug sensitivity patterns. (evangelia.ru)
  • Azospirillum Genomes Reveal Transition of Bacteria from Aquatic to Terrestrial Environments. (bioenergycenter.org)
  • Effect by Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria ( Azospirillum halopraeferens and Klebsiella pneumoniae ) on Lipid Value in Seed of the Halophyte Salicornia bigelovii Torr. (unison.mx)
  • Bacteria of the genus Azospirillum and mycorrhizal fungi, well known as plant growth promoting microorganism, are considered to can improve plant tolerance to environmental stresses such as drought and salinity conditions. (ac.ir)
  • The aim of this study was to present the role of diazotrophic bacteria of the genera Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bradyrhizobium, Rhizobium and Klebsiella as phosphate solubilizing bacteria and indolic compounds producers, as well as to determine in a preliminary way the effect of the inoculation of maize plants with these bacteria and the assimilation of phosphorus under greenhouse conditions. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • the genus Azospirillum is the most closely related bacteria ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Currently, the EEA C. del Uruguay is working on seed inoculation with Azospirillum which is presented as a promoter of root growth, the first results have given substantial increases in the rapeseed granary yield in the plots inoculated with azospirillum but said work it is still under evaluation. (agriville.com)
  • associated with the co-inoculation with Azospirillum spp. (academicjournals.org)
  • associated to the in-furrow co-inoculation with Azospirillum spp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Plant yield and nitrogen content of a digitgrass in response to azospirillum inoculation. (healthmentor.club)
  • Foliar inoculation with Azospirillum sp. (conicet.gov.ar)
  • 7. Barassi C.A., Ayrault G., Creus C.M., Sueldo R.J., Sobrero M.T. (2006) Seed inoculation with Azospirillum mitigates NaCl effects on lettuce. (cirworld.com)
  • Effect of Co-inoculation of Endophytic Fungus Piriformospora Indica and Azospirillum Strains on Some Physiological Traits, Nutrient Absorption and Grain Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. (ac.ir)
  • Treatments were consisted of five bioinoculants ( P. indica , salt adapted and non-adapted Azospirillum strains, dual inoculation of the both microorganisms and non-inoculated treatment as control) as well as four salinity levels (0.2, 4, 8 and 12 dS m -1 ). (ac.ir)
  • Singly or co-inoculation of wheat with P. indica and salt-adapted and non-salt adapted Azospirillum strains lead to a higher increase in grain yield, N and P concentrations, protein content as well as total photosynthetic pigments, both under salinity and normal conditions. (ac.ir)
  • Azospirillum is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic, non-fermentative and nitrogen-fixing bacterial genus from the family of Rhodospirillaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Azospirillum represents the best characterized genus of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. (agriville.com)
  • Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features, strain CC-LY788 T represents a novel species of the genus Azospirillum , for which the name Azospirillum soli sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • It is the type species of the genus AZOSPIRILLUM. (ucdenver.edu)
  • On the basis of morphological, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain CC-Nfb-7 T represents a novel species within the genus Azospirillum , for which we propose the name Azospirillum formosense sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • largomobilis to the genus Azospirillum as Azospirillum largomobile comb. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The genus Azospirillum belongs to the α-proteobacteria, one of the major groups of hydrobacteria (a clade of prokaryotes that first appeared in marine habitats). (asmblog.org)
  • Since the 1970s, Azospirillum strains have been researched for their effects in improving agricultural yields and improving growth of wild plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cellular fatty acid composition of 14 strains from the four species of Azospirillum was determined by gas chromatographic analysis. (springer.com)
  • Strains of both Azospirillum halopraeferens and Azospirillum amazonense , however, differed significantly from this first group of strains. (springer.com)
  • Plasmid visualization and nif gene location in nitrogen-fixing Azospirillum strains. (asm.org)
  • Analysis with the nifHD region of Rhizobium trifolii showed that the Azospirillum nif genes were chromosomally located in all eight strains investigated and not on endogenous plasmids. (asm.org)
  • Present study was aimed at isolation and biochemical characterization of Rhizobium and Azospirillum strains from roots and rhizospheric soil of wheat and maize (at tillering and anthesis stage) growing under different moisture regimes in the field and under induced water stress in pots. (gov.pk)
  • On the basis of carbon/nitrogen utilization patterns the Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolates from wheat and maize field were placed in three different groups depending upon the different moisture regimes from where these strains were isolated. (gov.pk)
  • Reinoculation experiments with both field and pot isolates revealed that the strains of Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolated from well watered plants grown in field or pot have less effect on plant growth of either chickpea or wheat used as host respectively, whereas Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolated from arid fields and plants growing under water stressed pot conditions performed better exposed to induced water stress. (gov.pk)
  • Azospirillum biofertilizers have a history going back to the beginning of the XX th However, researches still have to find new and competitive strains and improve biofertilizers production and application techniques. (cirworld.com)
  • The products containing Azospirillum strains and their use begin to play an important role in modern agriculture and in special in some countries in course of development as an alternative to chemical expensive and some time not environmental friendly products. (cirworld.com)
  • A factorial randomized complete block design replicated in three times was conducted to test the effects of Azospirillum strains and fungus Piriformospora indica under increasing salinity levels on wheat seedlings growth, nutrient absorption as well as some physiological traits. (ac.ir)
  • This result suggests the differential expression of the nif genes and their respective products in Azospirillum. (nih.gov)
  • Journal List Genes Basel v. Partial characterization of nif genes from the bacterium Azospirillum amazonense. (evangelia.ru)
  • The nif structural genes of Azospirillum brasiliense are transcribed as a transcription unit and organized as nifHDK orf1 Y, NifH, NifD and NifK polypeptides share significant sequence identies when compared to nif structural gene products from other organisms. (bvsalud.org)
  • The astonishing results indicated that about half of the Azospirillum genes seem to be horizontally transferred. (asmblog.org)
  • How the plant growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum promotes plant growth - a critical assessment 2010. (academicjournals.org)
  • Azospirillum sp is a naturally-occurring bacterium found in Philippine soil. (scribd.com)
  • The survival efficiency of Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolates from plants of irrigated field (Experiment I) and those from well watered pots (Experiment II) was higher as compared to that of Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolates from roots and rhizosphere samples of arid (8 % soil moisture) and semiarid field ( 14 % soil moisture)plants and waters stressed plants( 8 % soil moisture) in pots. (gov.pk)
  • The UPGMA (Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Means) cluster analysis based on Random Amplification of Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) tests grouped Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolates in two. (gov.pk)
  • Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolated from arid field and induced water stress in pots can be used as inocula to promote growth and yield of plants grown in moisture deficit soil. (gov.pk)
  • Symbiotic (Rhizobium and Frankia) and nonsymbiotic microorganisms (Azospirillum) are known to improve the soil fertility by fixing the atmospheric nitrogen. (intechopen.com)
  • Our Complete range of products are Organic NPK Biofertilizers, Azospirillum Biofertilizers, Azotobacter Biofertilizers, Bio organic Fertilizers and Rhizobium Biofertilizers. (exportersindia.com)
  • She has been a pioneer researcher in the field of molecular ecology of legume - Rhizobium symbiosis, Azospirillum, Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and initiated work on soybean rhizobial genetic diversity. (bokkilden.no)
  • In fact, there are more genomic rearrangement in Azospirillum than in Rhizobium , the multi-replicon α-proteobacterium that previously had the distinction of having the most plastic genome known among the prokaryotes. (asmblog.org)
  • By 2020, twenty-one species of Azospirillum had been described, most of which had been discovered after the year 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over 113 species of plants in 35 different plant families have been documented to have benefited from association with a species of Azospirillum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Magalhaes FM, Baldani JI, Souto SM, Kuykendall JR, Döbereiner J (1983) A new acid tolerant Azospirillum species. (springer.com)
  • A modified gel electrophoresis technique provided a reproducible way of detecting and isolating plasmids with molecular weights ranging from 12 X 10(6) to 370 X 10(6) for Azospirillum species. (asm.org)
  • In this context, Azospirillum species, a nitrogen-fixing microorganism found in the rhizosphere of various plant species, may be studied as a way of providing soybean crop with the part of the N it needs. (academicjournals.org)
  • A third genome from an unidentified Azospirillum species was described while their work was in progress. (asmblog.org)
  • In all three species, the Azospirillum genome consists of seven replicons. (asmblog.org)
  • Towards sustainable maize production: Glyphosate detoxification by Azospirillum sp. (conicet.gov.ar)
  • For example, Azospirillum colonizes the roots of cereals (rice, wheat, and maize) and other grasses where it enhances plant growth by carrying out nitrogen fixation and secreting phytohormones, such as indole-3-acetic acid. (asmblog.org)
  • THIS STUDY was undertaken to investigate the possibility of using Azospirillum bras/lease and Azotobacter chroococcum applied with inorganic nitrogen to enhance tomato [Lycopersicon escnlentum, Mill] production in soilless systems. (bvsalud.org)
  • PGPR within genera known to stimulate the growth of plants are Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Enterobacter, and Pseudomonas . (hindawi.com)
  • Within its family, the Rhodospirillaceae, almost all of its known relatives are found in aquatic environments, suggesting that Azospirillum may have transitioned to life on land later, after the Precambrian divergence of hydrobacteria and terrabacteria. (asmblog.org)
  • Effects of colonization of a bacterial endophyte, Azospirillum sp. (healthmentor.club)
  • we are highly engaged in offering a premium quality range of Azospirillum Biofertilizer in the market. (peakchemicalindustries.com)
  • We offer Azospirillum Biofertilizer in various different packaging for our clients. (peakchemicalindustries.com)
  • We offer the best product range of Azospirillum Biofertilizer, zinc sulphate fertilizer, Magnesium Sulphate Fertilizer, ammonium sulfate fertilizer and Ammonium Sulphate Fertilizer. (exportersindia.com)
  • formulation to protect the Azospirillum and keep it viable, to help it stick to the seeds and roots of the plant, to extend shelf life, and a dye to serve as in indicator that the biofertilizer has already been applied to the plant. (scribd.com)
  • hypothetical protein AZL_e01480 (plasmid) [Azospirillum sp. (nih.gov)
  • Considering useful effects of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria especially Azospirillum on Wheat, this study was done in order to survey interaction effects between fungicide and available biofertilizers in Iran market. (healthmentor.club)
  • Azospirillum is an associative rhizobacteria which can be very useful for plants such as wheat. (evangelia.ru)
  • Background: Azospirillum amazonense has potential to be used as agricultural inoculant since it promotes plant growth without causing pollution, unlike industrial fertilizers. (ufrgs.br)
  • Efecto de las bacterias promotoras del crecimiento de plantas (Azospirillum halopraeferens y Klebsiella pneumoniae) sobre el valor de los lípidos en la semilla del halófito Salicornia bigelovii Torr. (unison.mx)
  • Rueda-Puente, EO , Castellanos, T, Troyo-Diéguez, E & Díaz De León-Alvarez, JL 2004, ' Effect of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Azospirillum halopraeferens on the growth and development of two Salicornia bigelovii genotypes ', Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture , pp. 65-74. (unison.mx)
  • We are offering azospirillum biofertilizers etc. *azospirillum biofertilizers are nitrogen fixers. (exportersindia.com)
  • Therefore it is crucial that for Azospirillum the molecular genetics of both nitrogen fixation and plant interaction are developed. (springer.com)
  • Azospirillum IV: Genetics, Physiology and Ecology, p.16-25. (springer.com)
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  • In: Azospirillum III: Genetics, Physiology, Ecology. (diamondveneer.co.uk)
  • Diferentes estudios han mostrado que A. Sin embargo, fue observada la presencia de Azospirillum dentro del mucigel que se acumula en la cofia Resultados similares, usando otras metodologias, habian sido reportados con algunas de las mismas cepas de Azospirillum inoculadas en trigo creciendas en condiciones de campo Principalmente con A. (evangelia.ru)
  • Recientemente fueron observados incrementos en la biomasa de pastizales naturales inoculados con A. Varios son los mecanismos que se han sugerido como responsables del efecto estimulatorio observado en las plantas inoculadas. (evangelia.ru)
  • Microbiologists use nitrogen-free semi-solid media to isolate Azospirillum from samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aislamiento e identificación de cepas de Azospirillum sp. (healthmentor.club)
  • Las dos primeras en ser descritas fueron A. Posteriormente fueron descritas las especies A. No obstante, en este medio de cultivo son aisladas predominantemente cepas de las especies A. El cultivo puro se logra en diferentes medios de laboratorio , siendo muy comunmente usado un medio adicionado del colorante rojo Congo , en el cual A. (evangelia.ru)
  • En dos ensayos de inoculación de plántulas de Festuca arundinacea (4 plantas /pote y 20 plantas /pote), con dos cepas de Azospirillum spp. (bvsalud.org)
  • 3. Arzanesh M.H., Alikhani H.A., Khavazi H.K.A., Miransari R.M. (2011) Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) growth enhancement by Azospirillum sp. (cirworld.com)
  • In 2009, the first commercial inoculants containing Azospirillum came on the market, and by 2018, over 3 million doses were applied annually to crops by farmers, mainly in South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since its rediscovery in 1975 by Döbereiner and collaborators (18), Azospirillum has been the subject of much controversy in the field of biological nitrogen fixation in relation to plant nutrition. (springer.com)
  • With the introduction of N balance and 15 N techniques, the contribution of biological nitrogen fixation in the plant growth promotion effect of Azospirillum inoculations had to be reconsidered. (springer.com)
  • However, how much nitrogen Azospirillum contribute to crop plants via biological fixation is debated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Four aspects of the Azospirillum-plant root interaction are highlighted: natural habitat, plant root interaction, nitrogen fixation and biosynthesis of plant growth hormones. (agriville.com)
  • Caracterizacion de bacterias diazotroficas solublizadoras de fosfato como promotoras de crecimiento en plantas de maiz. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Azospirillum isolates enhanced shoot and root production, nitrogen content and N total absorption of tolerance one S. Comparative genomic analyses were performed on this new genome and three other genomes A. (evangelia.ru)
  • Nevertheless, the indole-3-pyruvate decarboxylase encoding ipdC gene is crucial in the overall IAA biosynthesis in Azospirillum. (agriville.com)
  • Azospirillum are found in freshwater and soil habitats, especially in close relationships with plant roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soil redox potential in presence of azospirillum. (worldcat.org)
  • sp7, ATCC 29145 y cepa G) en condiciones controladas de laboratorio y con dos niveles de iluminación (197 y 274 micronE. (bvsalud.org)
  • Growth of Azospirillum is possible between 5°C and 42°C and in substrates with a pH of 5 to 9, with optimal growth occurring around 30°C and 7 pH. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to vascular plants, the growth of the algae Chlorella vulgaris was positively affected by the presence of Azospirillum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Azospirillum promote plant growth through a variety of mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant growth can also be promoted indirectly by Azospirillum reducing plant disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The relevance of each of these four aspects for plant growth promotion by Azospirillum is discussed. (agriville.com)
  • When the same procedure was applied to A. The use of Azospirillum and N fertilizer combination affected the growth and rice yields, also reduced chemical fertilizer application. (evangelia.ru)
  • Many Azospirillum excrete plant hormones that alter how the roots of plants grow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Azospirillum also make antioxidants that protect the plant roots from stresses due to drought and flooding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Azospirillum competes with pathogens on the roots for space and for trace nutrients such as iron. (wikipedia.org)
  • The attachment of Azospirillum cells to plant roots occurs in two steps. (agriville.com)
  • D3NZ62_AZOS1 DotU domain-containing protein OS=Azospirillum sp. (uniprot.org)
  • In addition to these changes, Azospirillum can also alter the forms of plant nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus to make them more available to plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plants' immune systems can also be primed by Azospirillum to resist attack by pathogens, a process known as induced systemic resistance. (wikipedia.org)