Azospirillum: A genus of gram-negative aerobic bacteria that occurs free-living in the soil or associated with the roots of cereal crops or grasses (POACEAE).Azospirillum brasilense: A species of motile, free-living, gram-negative bacteria that occur in the soil. They are aerobic or microaerophilic and are sometimes capable of nitrogen fixation.Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Azospirillum lipoferum: A species of gram-negative to gram-variable, nitrogen-fixing bacteria. They are free-living in SOIL or found in association with PLANT ROOTS. It is the type species of the genus AZOSPIRILLUM.Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria: A large group of aerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method. This is because the cell walls of gram-negative bacteria are low in peptidoglycan and thus have low affinity for violet stain and high affinity for the pink dye safranine.Nitrogenase: An enzyme system that catalyzes the fixing of nitrogen in soil bacteria and blue-green algae (CYANOBACTERIA). EC 1.18.6.1.Glutamate Synthase: An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of 2 molecules of glutamate from glutamine plus alpha-ketoglutarate in the presence of NADPH. EC 1.4.1.13.Flocculation: The aggregation of suspended solids into larger clumps.Agricultural Inoculants: Beneficial microorganisms (bacteria or fungi) encapsulated in carrier material and applied to the environment for remediation and enhancement of agricultural productivity.PII Nitrogen Regulatory Proteins: A family of signal transducing adaptor proteins that control the METABOLISM of NITROGEN. They are primarily found in prokaryotes.Dinitrogenase Reductase: A non-heme iron-sulfur protein isolated from Clostridium pasteurianum and other bacteria. It is a component of NITROGENASE along with molybdoferredoxin and is active in nitrogen fixation.Spirillum: A genus of gram-negative, curved and spiral-shaped bacteria found in stagnant, freshwater environments. These organisms are motile by bipolar tufts of flagella having a long wavelength and about one helical turn. Some species of Spirillum cause a form of RAT-BITE FEVER.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Fuel Oils: Complex petroleum hydrocarbons consisting mainly of residues from crude oil distillation. These liquid products include heating oils, stove oils, and furnace oils and are burned to generate energy.Hydroxybutyrates: Salts and esters of hydroxybutyric acid.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Rhodospirillaceae: A family of phototrophic bacteria, in the order Rhodospirillales, isolated from stagnant water and mud.Polyesters: Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Phloroglucinol: A trinitrobenzene derivative with antispasmodic properties that is used primarily as a laboratory reagent.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.AcetyleneAmmonia: A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Atriplex: A plant genus in the CHENOPODIACEAE family.Herbaspirillum: A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the family OXALOBACTERACEAE, comprised of vibrioid or sometimes helical cells. They are chemoorganotrophic nitrogen fixers and are found free-living in the soil or in association with the roots of members of the GRAMINEAE. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Pennisetum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the millets used in EDIBLE GRAIN. It contains vitexin. The common name of buffelgrass is also used for CENCHRUS.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Xanthomonas axonopodis: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus XANTHOMONAS, which causes citrus cankers and black rot in plants.Gram-Negative Bacteria: Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)PeptidoglycanMuramic Acids: Compounds consisting of glucosamine and lactate joined by an ether linkage. They occur naturally as N-acetyl derivatives in peptidoglycan, the characteristic polysaccharide composing bacterial cell walls. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Uridine Diphosphate N-Acetylmuramic Acid: A nucleoside diphosphate sugar which is formed from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine and phosphoenolpyruvate. It serves as the building block upon which peptidoglycan is formed.Aminoacyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of an aminoacyl group from donor to acceptor resulting in the formation of an ester or amide linkage. EC 2.3.2.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Azetidinecarboxylic Acid: A proline analog that acts as a stoichiometric replacement of proline. It causes the production of abnormal proteins with impaired biological activity.Francisella: The lone genus of bacteria in the family Francisellaceae, frequently found in natural waters. It can be parasitic in humans, other MAMMALS; BIRDS; and ARTHROPODS.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Ribulose-Bisphosphate Carboxylase: A carboxy-lyase that plays a key role in photosynthetic carbon assimilation in the CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE by catalyzing the formation of 3-phosphoglycerate from ribulose 1,5-biphosphate and CARBON DIOXIDE. It can also utilize OXYGEN as a substrate to catalyze the synthesis of 2-phosphoglycolate and 3-phosphoglycerate in a process referred to as photorespiration.Ribulosephosphates: Ribulose substituted by one or more phosphoric acid moieties.Adaptor Protein Complex sigma Subunits: A family of small adaptin protein complex subunits of approximately 19 KDa in size.

Azospirillum irakense produces a novel type of pectate lyase. (1/42)

The pelA gene from the N2-fixing plant-associated bacterium Azospirillum irakense, encoding a pectate lyase, was isolated by heterologous expression in Escherichia coli. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the region containing pelA indicated an open reading frame of 1,296 bp, coding for a preprotein of 432 amino acids with a typical amino-terminal signal peptide of 24 amino acids. N-terminal amino acid sequencing confirmed the processing of the protein in E. coli at the signal peptidase cleavage site predicted by nucleotide sequence analysis. Analysis of the amino acid sequence of PelA revealed no homology to other known pectinases, indicating that PelA belongs to a new pectate lyase family. PelA macerates potato tuber tissue, has an alkaline pH optimum, and requires Ca2+ for its activity. Of several divalent cations tested, none could substitute for Ca2+. Methyl-esterified pectin (with a degree of esterification up to 93%) and polygalacturonate can be used as substrates. Characterization of the degradation products formed upon incubation with polygalacturonate indicated that PelA is an endo-pectate lyase generating unsaturated digalacturonide as the major end product. Regulation of pelA expression was studied by means of a translational pelA-gusA fusion. Transcription of this fusion is low under all growth conditions tested and is dependent on the growth phase. In addition, pelA expression was found to be induced by pectin. An A. irakense pelA::Tn5 mutant still displayed pectate lyase activity, suggesting the presence of multiple pectate lyase genes in A. irakense.  (+info)

Growth of Azospirillum irakense KBC1 on the aryl beta-glucoside salicin requires either salA or salB. (2/42)

The rhizosphere nitrogen-fixing bacterium Azospirillum irakense KBC1 is able to grow on pectin and beta-glucosides such as cellobiose, arbutin, and salicin. Two adjacent genes, salA and salB, conferring beta-glucosidase activity to Escherichia coli, have been identified in a cosmid library of A. irakense DNA. The SalA and SalB enzymes preferentially hydrolyzed aryl beta-glucosides. A Delta(salA-salB) A. irakense mutant was not able to grow on salicin but could still utilize arbutin, cellobiose, and glucose for growth. This mutant could be complemented by either salA or salB, suggesting functional redundancy of these genes in salicin utilization. In contrast to this functional homology, the SalA and SalB proteins, members of family 3 of the glycosyl hydrolases, show a low degree of amino acid similarity. Unlike SalA, the SalB protein exhibits an atypical truncated C-terminal region. We propose that SalA and SalB are representatives of the AB and AB' subfamilies, respectively, in glycosyl hydrolase family 3. This is the first genetic implication of this beta-glucosidase family in the utilization of beta-glucosides for microbial growth.  (+info)

Interaction of Azospirillum lipoferum with wheat germ agglutinin stimulates nitrogen fixation. (3/42)

In vitro, the nitrogen fixation capability of A. lipoferum is efficiently increased in the presence of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA). A putative WGA-binding receptor, a 32-kDa protein, was detected in the cell capsule. The stimulatory effect required N-acetyl-D-glucosamine dimer (GlcNAcdi) terminated sugar side chains of the receptor and was dependent on the number of GlcNAcdi links involved in receptor-WGA interface. Binding to the primary sugar binding sites on WGA had a larger stimulatory effect than binding to the secondary sites. The WGA-receptor complex generated stimulus led to elevated transcription of the nifH and nifA genes and of the glnBA gene cluster but not of the glnA gene from its own promoter. There may well be a signalling cascade contributing to the regulation of nitrogen fixation.  (+info)

A phase variant of Azospirillum lipoferum lacks a polar flagellum and constitutively expresses mechanosensing lateral flagella. (4/42)

Flagellation of a nonswimming variant of the mixed flagellated bacterium Azospirillum lipoferum 4B was characterized by electron microscopy, and polyclonal antibodies were raised against polar and lateral flagellins. The variant cells lacked a polar flagellum due to a defect in flagellin synthesis and constitutively expressed lateral flagella. The variant cells were able to respond to conditions that restricted the rotation of lateral flagella by producing more lateral flagella, suggesting that the lateral flagella, as well as the polar flagellum, are mechanosensing.  (+info)

Loss of cytochrome c oxidase activity and acquisition of resistance to quinone analogs in a laccase-positive variant of Azospirillum lipoferum. (5/42)

Laccase, a p-diphenol oxidase typical of plants and fungi, has been found recently in a proteobacterium, Azospirillum lipoferum. Laccase activity was detected in both a natural isolate and an in vitro-obtained phase variant that originated from the laccase-negative wild type. In this study, the electron transport systems of the laccase-positive variant and its parental laccase-negative forms were compared. During exponential (but not stationary) growth under fully aerobic (but not under microaerobic) conditions, the laccase-positive variant lost a respiratory branch that is terminated in a cytochrome c oxidase of the aa(3) type; this was most likely due to a defect in the biosynthesis of a heme component essential for the oxidase. The laccase-positive variant was significantly less sensitive to the inhibitory action of quinone analogs and fully resistant to inhibitors of the bc(1) complex, apparently due to the rearrangements of its respiratory system. We propose that the loss of the cytochrome c oxidase-containing branch in the variant is an adaptive strategy to the presence of intracellular oxidized quinones, the products of laccase activity.  (+info)

Genome structure of the genus Azospirillum. (6/42)

Azospirillum species are plant-associated diazotrophs of the alpha subclass of Proteobacteria. The genomes of five of the six Azospirillum species were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. All strains possessed several megareplicons, some probably linear, and 16S ribosomal DNA hybridization indicated multiple chromosomes in genomes ranging in size from 4.8 to 9.7 Mbp. The nifHDK operon was identified in the largest replicon.  (+info)

Unlabeled helper oligonucleotides increase the in situ accessibility to 16S rRNA of fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide probes. (7/42)

Target site inaccessibility represents a significant problem for fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of 16S rRNA with oligonucleotide probes. Here, unlabeled oligonucleotides (helpers) that bind adjacent to the probe target site were evaluated for their potential to increase weak probe hybridization signals in Escherichia coli DSM 30083(T). The use of helpers enhanced the fluorescence signal of all six probes examined at least fourfold. In one case, the signal of probe Eco474 was increased 25-fold with the use of a single helper probe, H440-2. In another case, four unlabeled helpers raised the FISH signal of a formerly weak probe, Eco585, to the level of the brightest monolabeled oligonucleotide probes available for E. coli. The temperature of dissociation and the mismatch discrimination of probes were not significantly influenced by the addition of helpers. Therefore, using helpers should not cause labeling of additional nontarget organisms at a defined stringency of hybridization. However, the helper action is based on sequence-specific binding, and there is thus a potential for narrowing the target group which must be considered when designing helpers. We conclude that helpers can open inaccessible rRNA regions for FISH with oligonucleotide probes and will thereby further improve the applicability of this technique for in situ identification of microorganisms.  (+info)

Azospirillum doebereinerae sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium associated with the C4-grass Miscanthus. (8/42)

A new group of nitrogen-fixing Azospirillum sp. bacteria was isolated from the roots of the C4-gramineous plant Miscanthus. Polyphasic taxonomy was performed, including auxanography using API galleries, physiological tests and 16S rRNA sequence comparison. The ability of the isolates to fix dinitrogen was evaluated by amplification of the nifD gene, immunodetection of the dinitrogenase reductase and acetylene-reduction assay. On the basis of these results, the nitrogen-fixing isolates represent a new species within the genus Azospirillum. Its closest phylogenetic neighbours, as deduced by 16S rDNA-based analysis, are Azospirillum lipoferum, Azospirillum largimobile and Azospirillum brasilense with 96.6, 96.6 and 95.9% sequence similarity, respectively. Two 16S rRNA-targeting oligonucleotide probes were developed which differentiate the new species from the other Azospirillum species by whole-cell fluorescence hybridization. Strains of the new species are curved rods or S-shaped, 1.0-1.5 microm in width and 2,0-3.0 microm in length, Gram-negative and motile with a single polar flagellum. Optimum growth occurs at 30 degrees C and at pH values between 6.0 and 7.0. No growth takes place at 37 degrees C. They have a respiratory type of metabolism, grow well on arabinose, D-fructose, gluconate, glucose, glycerol, malate, mannitol and sorbitol. They differ from A. largimobile and A. lipoferum by their inability to use N-acetylglucosamine and D-ribose, from A. lipoferum by their ability to grow without biotin supplementation and from A. brasilense by their growth with D-mannitol and D-sorbitol as sole carbon sources. Nitrogen fixation occurs in microaerobic nitrogen-limited conditions. For this species, the name Azospirillum doebereinerae sp. nov. is suggested, with strain GSF71T as the type strain (= DSM 13131T; reference strain Ma4 = DSM 13400). Its G+C content is 70.7 mol%.  (+info)

Cellular fatty acid composition of 14 strains from the four species of Azospirillum was determined by gas chromatographic analysis. All strains of Azospirillum lipoferum and Azospirillum brasilense...
In both managed and natural ecosystems, beneficial plant-associated bacteria play a key role in supporting and/or increasing plant health and growth. Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) can be applied in agricultural production or for the phytoremediation of pollutants. However, because of their capacity to confer plant beneficial effects, efficient colonization of the plant environment is of utmost importance. The majority of plant-associated bacteria derives from the soil environment. They may migrate to the rhizosphere and subsequently the rhizoplane of their hosts before they are able to show beneficial effects. Some rhizoplane colonizing bacteria can also penetrate plant roots, and some strains may move to aerial plant parts, with a decreasing bacterial density in comparison to rhizosphere or ...
Electrical parameters tested for the A. amazonense electroporation. A - Effect of electrical field strength on the transformation efficiency of A. amazonense. C
Water stress is one of the most important environmental constraints that limit survival and productivity of staple crops like wheat and maize particularly in arid and semi-arid regions. Plant growth promoting Rhizobacteria (Rhizobium and Azospirillum) are beneficial bacteria present in soil and forming associations with roots of plants.,br, Present study was aimed at isolation and biochemical characterization of Rhizobium and Azospirillum strains from roots and rhizospheric soil of wheat and maize (at tillering and anthesis stage) growing under different moisture regimes in the field and under induced water stress in pots. The survival efficiency as measured by log cfu/g, carbon/nitrogen utilization pattern determined by QTS (Quick Test System), random amplification of polymorphic DNA analyses, phytohormone production and 16sRNA sequence analysis were done for isolated strains. The efficiency of isolated strains to promote plant growth and development was tested under induced water stress ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a mechanism to recognize and repair bulky DNA damage caused by compounds, environmental carcinogens, and exposure to UV-light. In humans hereditary defects in the NER pathway are linked to at least three diseases: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The repair of damaged DNA involves at least 30 polypeptides within two different sub-pathways of NER known as transcription-coupled repair (TCR-NER) and global genome repair (GGR-NER). TCR refers to the expedited repair of lesions located in the actively transcribed strand of genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAP II). In GGR-NER the first step of damage recognition involves XPC-hHR23B complex together with XPE complex (in prokaryotes, uvrAB complex). The following steps of GGR-NER and TCR-NER are similar ...
ID G7Z228_AZOL4 Unreviewed; 523 AA. AC G7Z228; DT 25-JAN-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 25-JAN-2012, sequence version 1. DT 22-NOV-2017, entry version 47. DE RecName: Full=Chromosomal replication initiator protein DnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377, ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU000577, ECO:0000256,SAAS:SAAS00724181}; GN Name=dnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377, GN ECO:0000313,EMBL:CBS85431.1}; GN OrderedLocusNames=AZOLI_0002 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CBS85431.1}; OS Azospirillum lipoferum (strain 4B). OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhodospirillales; OC Rhodospirillaceae; Azospirillum. OX NCBI_TaxID=862719 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CBS85431.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005667}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005667} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=4B {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005667}; RX PubMed=22216014; DOI=10.1371/journal.pgen.1002430; RA Wisniewski-Dye F., Borziak K., Khalsa-Moyers G., Alexandre G., RA Sukharnikov L.O., Wuichet K., Hurst G.B., ...
Main conclusion Profiling of plant secondary metabolite allows to differentiate the different types of ecological interactions established between rice and bacteria. Rice responds to ecologically distinct bacteria by altering its content of flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives. Plants growth and physiology are strongly influenced by the biotic interactions that plants establish with soil bacterial populations. Plants are able to sense and to respond accordingly to ecologically distinct bacteria, by inducing defense pathways against pathogens to prevent parasitic interactions, and by stimulating the growth of root-associated beneficial or commensal bacteria through root exudation. Plant secondary metabolism is expected to play a major role in this control. However, secondary metabolite responses of a same plant to cooperative, commensal and deleterious bacteria have so far never been compared. The impact of the plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) Azospirillum lipoferum 4B on
Click here for azospirillum bacteria pictures! You can also find pictures of anna bacteria, austin bacteria, axonopodis bacteria.
The ever-increasing human population is a major concern for food security. Maize is the third largest most important food crop. The major problems of cultivation arise from urbanization and land pollution. This reduces the amount of land available for agriculture. The use of chemicals in agriculture is not environmentally friendly. Thus, plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) have been proposed as alternatives. This study aims to test the growth-promoting effect of maize inoculated with six indigenous PGPB isolates. These isolates were assayed for various biochemical and plant growth-promoting activities. They were also assayed for biocontrol activities. Based on the results, six isolates viz A1, A18, A29, NWU4, NWU14, and NWU198 were used to inoculate maize seeds. The inoculated seeds were tried out on the field. A randomized block design was used. PGPB used were in single, consortia of two, and three organisms. The length of the leaves, roots, and stem, plant height, numbers of leaves, and weight of
This non-exhaustive information is based on short-term forecasts for expected developments on the financial markets. KBC Bank cannot guarantee that these forecasts will materialize and cannot be held liable in any way for direct or consequential loss arising from any use of this document or its content. The document is not intended as personalized investment advice and does not constitute a recommendation to buy, sell or hold investments described herein. Although information has been obtained from and is based upon sources KBC believes to be reliable, KBC does not guarantee the accuracy of this information, which may be incomplete or condensed. All opinions and estimates constitute a KBC judgment as of the data of the report and are subject to change without notice ...
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Hello everybodoy! My name is Javier, I m from Spain. Recently, my son has been diagnosed with atypical cystic fibrosis. He is 5 and he is SP. His mutations are: A) 3849+10kbC|T (C.3717+10KbC|T) B)712-G-| T (C.580-1G|t) Until now he has had no graves of affections, only coughs. He never hasn t hospitalized. He was recently detected staphylococci aereus. In the sweat test he gave 52. The general condition is good and the FEV is 100. We are very
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a href=http://atheistnexus.org/video/how-should-rationalists-approach-death-skepticon-4-panel,,br /, ,img src=http://api.ning.com:80/files/Z3e0beMI1KBc3Iqqnzv5O4ZoH4CcdbcPSI8Z8H37SXZvKMVPcjkuGaU*3QaBgB5gaDEVWiuyAuXL4Motr14-Fyj3ZdTDLX-h/832791981.jpeg?width=240&height=180 width=240 height=180 alt=Thumbnail /,,br /, ,/a,,br /,Panel:,br /, James Croft,br /, Greta Christina,br /, Julia Galef,br /, Eliezer Yudkowsky ...
Azospirillum brasilense is a bacterium. Its type strain is Sp 7 (ATCC 29145). It is nitrogen-fixing and is found in rhizospheres of several grasses. A strain originally classified as Roseomonas fauriae was reclassified as A. brasilense. It first isolated from a hand wound of a woman in Hawaii in 1971, and was named for Yvonne Faur "for her contributions to public health bacteriology and, specifically, for her contribution to the recognition of pink-pigmented bacteria.". Tarrand, Jeffrey J.; Krieg, Noel R.; Döbereiner, Johanna (1978). "A taxonomic study of theSpirillum lipoferumgroup, with descriptions of a new genus,Azospirillumgen. nov. and two species,Azospirillum lipoferum(Beijerinck) comb. nov. andAzospirillum brasilensesp. nov". Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 24 (8): 967-980. doi:10.1139/m78-160. ISSN 0008-4166. Tien TM, Gaskins MH, Hubbell DH (May 1979). "Plant Growth Substances Produced by Azospirillum brasilense and Their Effect on the Growth of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum ...
The alternative sigma factor RpoN is a key regulator in the acclimation of Pseudomonas to complex natural environments. In this study we show that RpoN is required for efficient colonization of sugar beet seedlings by the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25, and use phenotypic and bioinformatic approaches to profile the RpoN-dependent traits and genes of P. fluorescens SBW25. RpoN is required for flagellar biosynthesis and for assimilation of a wide variety of nutrient sources including inorganic nitrogen, amino acids, sugar alcohols and dicarboxylic acids. Chemosensitivity assays indicate that RpoN-regulated genes contribute to acid tolerance and resistance to some antibiotics, including tetracyclines and aminoglycosides. Gain of function changes associated with loss of RpoN included increased tolerance to hydroxyurea and Guanazole. Bioinformatic predictions of RpoN-regulated genes show a close correspondence with phenotypic analyses of RpoN-regulated traits and suggest novel
Bacteria of the genus Azospirillum, including the most comprehensively studied Azospirillum brasilense, are non‐pathogenic soil bacteria that promote the growth of diverse plants, making them an attractive model to understand non‐symbiotic, beneficial plant‐bacteria associations
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
HydroFarm BioRighteous, 12 oz Hydro Organics BioRighteous, 12 oz (HOR00771) BioRighteous inch Microbes For Plants inch - Blend No. 2 A powder blend of beneficial soil and plant microbes. Easy and versatile to use. Can be mixed into fertilizers and soils, applied as a foliage spray, added to hydroponic reservoirs and is ideal for brewing plant teas. Can be used together with BioZeus inch Microbes for Plants inch - Blend No. 1. BioRighteous contains the following active ingredients: Beneficial microbes, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azospirillum lipoferum, Azospirillum brasilense, Azotobacter vinelandii, Bacillus laterosprorus, Bacillus licheniforms, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus pumilis, Bacillus subtilis, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Rhizobium japonicum Manufacturers Product Information MSRP each $ 21.48 UPC 727644007720 Dimensions 15.25 x 3.5 x 11 Case Weight 11 Case Quantity 12 HydroFarm: BioRighteous, 12 oz [hf-HOR00771] - Nutrients & Supplements - Gardening
Blaha C.A.G., Revers L.F., Passaglia L.M.P., Frazzon J., Schrank I.S. (2000) Characterization of an Azospirillum brasilense Tn5 Mutant with Enhanced Nitrogen Fixtation. In: Pedrosa F.O., Hungria M., Yates G., Newton W.E. (eds) Nitrogen Fixation: From Molecules to Crop Productivity. Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture, vol 38. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-47615-0_ ...
HydroFarm Green Reign All Purpose, 2 lbs Hydro Organics Green Reign All Purpose, 2 lbs (HOG10222) Green Reign inch Bio-Natural Fertilizers for the Home & Garden inch inch Crafted To Keep Gardening Fun & Simple .. & Plants Thriving Naturally inch . 10 customized granular blends of all natural ingredients with mycorrhizae, beneficial microbes, and humic acid. Green Reign offers plant specific blends for all types of indoor and outdoor plants, shrubs, and trees. Contains the following non-plant food ingredients: mycorrhizae, pisolithus tinctorius, scleroderma citrinum, scleroderma cepa, rhizopogon luteolus, rhizopogon fulvigleba, rhizopogon villosulus, rhizopogon amylopogon, glomus intradices, glomus aggregatum, glomus etunicatum, humic acid from langbenite, beneficial microbes, bacillus subtilis, bacillus megaterium, azotobacter vinelandii, rhizobium japonicum, bacillus coagulans, azotobacter chroococcum, azospirillum lipoferum, pseudomonas fluorescens, bacillus laterosprorus Manufacturers Product
Nitrogen (N) fertilizers are one of the most expensive inputs in agricultural settings. Additionally, the loss of N increases costs, contributes to soil acidification, and causes off-site pollution of the air, groundwater and waterways. This study reviews current knowledge about technologies for N fertilization with potential to increase N use efficiency and reduce its negative effects on the environment. Classic inorganic sources such as urea and ammonium sulfate are the major sources utilized, while controlled N release fertilizers have not been significantly adopted for cereals and oil crops. Microorganisms, with the exception of Rhizobium sp. in soybeans, are also not widely used nowadays (e.g., plant growth-promoting bacteria and cynobacteria). The interest in implementing new N fertilization knowledge is stimulating the development of sensors to diagnose the N status and decision support systems for integrating several variables to optimize sources, rates and methods of application. Among
Timetrics "KBC Group NV (KBC) : Company Profile and SWOT Analysis" contains in depth information and data about the company and its operations. The profile contains a company overview, key facts, major products and services, SWOT analysis, business description, company history, key competitors, financial analysis, mergers & acquisitions, recent developments, key employees, company locations and subsidiaries as well as employee biographies.. Summary. This report is a crucial resource for industry executives and anyone looking to access key information about "KBC Group NV". The report utilizes a wide range of primary and secondary sources, which are analyzed and presented in a consistent and easily accessible format. Timetric strictly follows a standardized research methodology to ensure high levels of data quality and these characteristics guarantee a unique report.. Scope. Examines and identifies key information and issues about "KBC Group NV" for business intelligence requirements.. Studies ...
Azospirilla are well-known plant-beneficial α-proteobacteria. However, they have been isolated not only from a wide range of plant, soil, and water locations, but also from human tissues. Thus, it is...
By Christopher WhittallLONDON, Jan 10 (IFR) - KBC Bank will seek to emulateBarclays hugely successful contingent convertible (CoCo) bondof last year, as it prepares to embark on a roadshow for a USdollar benchmark deal that closely mirrors the UK bankspermanent write-down bond.The Belgian lender has yet to publicly detail the structure,although one lead manager said it would include a permanentwrite-down feature once the banks Common Equity Tier 1 fallsbelow 7% - the same trigger level used in the Barclays CoCo. Itwill be led by KBC, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, GoldmanSachs, Morgan Stanley, JP Morgan and Credit Suisse.A 10-year non-call five subordinated Reg S Tier 2 benchmarkis expected, with KBC previously announcing last year that itplanned to launch EUR750m of non-dilutive CoCos in the firstquarter of this year.The structure will be very close to the Barclays CoCo,said the banker. The strong demand for the Barclays deal showed there is appetite for these types of issues.Barclays attracted
Al Ahly (2) Alianza Lima (1) América - MG (4) América - PE (1) America - RJ (4) América - RN (2) América - SP (1) Arbitragem (7) ASA (2) Atlas ME (1) Atlético GO (3) Atlético MG (41) Atlético PR (21) Avaí (10) Bahia (9) Banfield (1) Bangu (1) Barcelona (13) Barueri (5) Bayern de Munique (1) Belgrano (1) Blooming (1) BoaVista (1) Boca Juniors (12) Bolívar (2) Borussia Dortmund (1) Botafogo (36) Bragantino (1) Brasiliense (1) Camp. Alemão (1) Camp. Amazonense (1) Camp. Baiano (19) Camp. Brasileiro A (320) Camp. Brasileiro B (45) Camp. Brasileiro C (6) Camp. Brasileiro D (8) Camp. Carioca (25) Camp. Catarinense (4) Camp. Cearense (2) Camp. do Acre (1) Camp. Europeu (2) Camp. Gaúcho (9) Camp. Goiano (5) Camp. Inglês (2) Camp. Italiano (1) Camp. Mineiro (9) Camp. Paraense (1) Camp. Paranaense (20) Camp. Paulista (54) Camp. Pernambucano (10) Campeonato Carioca (1) Campinense (1) Caxias (1) CBF (18) Ceará (4) Central (2) Charge (14) Chelsea (7) Cianorte (1) Clube dos 13 (2) Colo-Colo (1) ...
KBCs net rose 29% in the first quarter on strength in the Belgian companys banking unit and a gain on the sale of its stake in Belgacom.
When he takes his seat in the KBC ring once again, Amitabh Bachchan will be seen in his trademark sharply tailored suits designed by Ravi Bajaj.
Dr.Daniela Tatiana Sala is currently affiliated to Department of Oncological Surgery, continuing research in the specialized scientific area of Minimally Invasive Para..
Each 620mg capsule of Prescript-Assist™ contains a proprietary blend of Leonardite and the following microorganisms:. Arthrobacter agilis, Arthrobacter citreus, Arthrobacter globiformis, Arthrobacter luteus, Arthrobacter simplex, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azotobacter paspali, Azospirillum brasiliense, Azospirillum lipoferum, Bacillus brevis, Bacillus marcerans, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus polymyxa, Bacillus subtilis, Bacteroides lipolyticum, Bacteriodes succinogenes, Brevibacterium lipolyticum, Brevibacterium stationis, Kurthia zopfii, Myrothecium verrucaria, Pseudomonas calcis, Pseudomonas dentrificans, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas glathei, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Streptomyces fradiae, Streptomyces cellulosae, Streptomyces griseoflavus.. Other Ingredients: cellulose (vegetarian capsule), l-leucine, bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) extract. ...
Members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), such as B. ambifaria, are effective biocontrol strains, for instance, as plant growth-promoting bacteria; however, Bcc isolates can also cause severe respiratory infections in people suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF). No distinction is known between isolates from environmental and human origins, suggesting that the natural environment is a potential source of infectious Bcc species. While investigating the presence and role of phase variation in B. ambifaria HSJ1, an isolate recovered from a CF patient, we identified stable variants that arose spontaneously irrespective of the culture conditions. Phenotypic and proteomic approaches revealed that the transition from wild-type to variant types affects the expression of several putative virulence factors. By using four different infection models (Drosophila melanogaster, Galleria mellonella, macrophages and Dictyostelium discoideum), we showed that the wild-type was more virulent than the ...
Spaepen, S., W. Versées, D. Gocke, M. Pohl, J. Steyaert, and J. Vanderleyden, Characterization of phenylpyruvate decarboxylase, involved in auxin production of Azospirillum brasilense., J Bacteriol, vol. 189, issue 21, pp. 7626-33, 2007 Nov. ...
KBC International is proud to be a retailer of Horseware, Weatherbeeta, and Jacks brand blankets. We stock a wide range of winter blankets in all weights, as well as stable and turnout sheets, fly protection, coolers, and more. If you do not see the style of blanket that you are looking for, please contact the customer service department and we will do our best to order it for you. As colors change with most brands seasonally, please feel free to call the store at 1-800-928-7777 to verify the currently available styles. KBC offers several options for custom blankets, however we ask you to please call the store to place those orders, as custom items are non-returnable. ...
Tijekom epidemije influence A (H1N1) u Osječko-baranjskoj županiji od 2000. do 2001. godine liječeno je 6 bolesnica s encefalitisom. Najmla,a bolesnica imala je 17, a najstarija 60 godina. Srednja životna dob je 36.5 godina. Tri (50%) su bolesnice dobile encefalitis 4-tog i 5-tog dana od pojave simptoma influence, a dvije (33.3%) tijekom prvih 24-48 sati od početka bolesti. Bolest se očitovala glavoboljom, visokom temperaturom, općom slabošću i poremećajem svijesti do kome. Tri (50%) su bolesnice imale epi napad tipa grand mal. U svih je bolesnica (100%) na,en patolo{ki EEG, u tri (50%) je na CT-u nađen jači edem mozga. U dvije (33.3%) bolesnice u kojih se encefalitis javio prvih dana influence na,ene su povišene vrijednosti jetrenih enzima i leukopenija u perifernoj krvi. Jedna (16.6%) je bolesnica umrla, a u dvije (33.3%) ostale su trajne sekvele ...
The original aim of this study was to collect and characterize a variety of in vitro-generated pilus-dependent colony phase variants of strain FA1090 for comparison to variants obtained from human volunteer infections (49). Upon analysis of these apparent "phase" variants, we determined that most of them both expressed pili and released S-pilin and that they represented a spectrum of pilus expression levels. This spectrum of pilus expression levels is similar to the initial findings reported by Haas and others for strain MS11 (16). Phase variation is classically defined as a high frequency and reversible change between two phases of expression. However, a majority of N. gonorrhoeae colony phase variants do not represent one phase of pilus phase variation. Colony phase variants with a deleted pilE (32, 34, 45) are not reversible at high frequency (3, 59) and are therefore not authentic phase variants. Nor can we define S-pilin variants as pilus phase variants, since many highly piliated variants ...
Colonization and nitrogenase activity of Triticum aestivum (cv. Baccross and Mahdavi) to the dual inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense and Rhizobium melilot
Rugosum is more attactive than those of the species with its leathery large dark green leaves. It tends to become open and rather ragged with age. Viburn
Report on KBC Sports Camp held at Banda, Uttar Pradesh (UP) Overview The third Kadam Badhate Chalo (KBC) sports camp was held in Banda, Uttar Pradesh from the 25th to the 28th of January, The camp
Our clients already include most of the major national oil and gas companies [in the Middle East and North Africa], but a significant increase in high-quality specialists in the region, both locally and internationally trained, will allow us to grow substantially," said Sakka. "This region contains seven of the top 20 worldwide oil and gas companies and our mission is to assist these clients to become world-class in every aspect of their operations ...
Discover Multiflash, KBCs leading thermodynamics simulation software and learn more about how it could improve your company in the Chemical and Energy industry.
Echipamente si Dotari - Max Fitness - Sala de Fitness si aerobic va ofera un pachet complet de servicii, intr-o sala de fitness dotata cu aparatura profesionala
In companii, sala de fitness stimuleaza starea de sanatate a angajatilor dumneavoastra, scade absenteismul si costurile aferente, angajatii se simt mai energici
Pandit, KV; Corcoran, D; Yousef, H; Yarlagadda, M; Tzouvelekis, A; Gibson, KF; Konishi, K; Yousem, SA; Singh, M; Handley, D; Richards, T; Selman, M; Watkins, SC; Ben-Yehudah, A; Bouros, D; Eickelberg, O; Ray, P; Benos, PV; Kaminski, N; Pardo-Cemo, Annie (2010) ...
Numele si prenumele candidatului Data si locul sustinerii tezei de abilitare Institutia unde este titular / Facultatea MaRGaRITESCU CLAUDIU 06.02.2015 orele 10.00 Sala 102 Extindere,
An understanding of the adaptive strategies of gramnegative and grampositive bacteria (Erwinia carotovora, Escherichia coli, Xanthomonas campestris, Azospirillum brasilense, Salmonella enterica, Bacillus subtilis) to substrate starvation has been developed. It has been established that under starvation conditions the magnitude of population increase or decrease (depending on initial population density), stabilizing at 106CFUs/ml. Quorum sensing is shown to take part in this process. It has been demonstrated that bacteria is able to increase their numbers in absence of carbon and phosphor sources no less than three order of magnitude at the expense of formation of cells with reduced size and atypical morphology (ultramicroforms). ...
To achieve higher yields and better soil quality under rice-legume-rice (RLR) rotation in a rainfed production system, we formulated integrated nutrient management (INM) comprised of Azospirillum (Azo), Rhizobium (Rh), and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) with phosphate rock (PR), compost, and muriate of potash (MOP). Performance of bacterial bioinoculants was evaluated by determining grain yield, nitrogenase activity, uptake and balance of N, P, and Zn, changes in water stability and distribution of soil aggregates, soil organic C and pH, fungal/bacterial biomass C ratio, casting activities of earthworms, and bacterial community composition using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) fingerprinting. The performance comparison was made against the prevailing farmers nutrient management practices [N/P2O5/K2O at 40:20:20 kg ha−1 for rice and 20:30:20 kg ha−1 for legume as urea/single super-phosphate/MOP (urea/SSP/MOP)]. Cumulative grain yields of crops increased by 7-16% per RLR ...
I am a young researcher in the field of Plant Biotechnology. I belong to University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. I did my Masters degree in Microbiology from Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics (MMG), University of the Punjab, Lahore in 2011. I commenced one-year research and submitted a comprehensive thesis entitled "Isolation and characterization of Azospirillum spp. from rhizosphere of some grasses". Here, I conducted lab experiments on soil microbiology and plant-microbe interactions. I proceeded to the Centre of excellence in Molecular Biology (CEMB) where I obtained her MPhil degree in 2015 and did research work in "Risk assessment of Bt-cotton in non-target Soil microbes". I also worked as a Research Officer at Plant Biotechnology lab (CEMB) in a project entitled "Biosafety of Genetically modified crops", 2015. I further advanced my studies in Plant Biotechnology as a PhD researcher at CEMB, University of the Punjab, Lahore where I conducted research work in cotton ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Calculate the price of your Home Insurance for your house or apartment ✔ Discover our simulation tool ✔ Purchase your Home Insurance online ✔ Read more!
KBC International is proud to be a retailer of Horseware, Weatherbeeta, and Jacks brand blankets. We stock a wide range of winter blankets in all weights, as well as stable and turnout sheets, fly protection, coolers, and more. If you do not see the style of blanket that you are looking for, please contact the customer service department and we will do our best to order it for you. As colors change with most brands seasonally, please feel free to call the store at 1-800-928-7777 to verify the currently available styles. KBC offers several options for custom blankets, however we ask you to please call the store to place those orders, as custom items are non-returnable. ...
Chepkwony said that they wanted the structure of the National Parliament replicated in county assemblies so that if MPs are appointed as Ministers then MCAs are also appointed as CECs.. "In the coming months we shall hold an AGM for all MCAs and we shall combine our recommendations and hand them to the BBI taskforce," he said.. On his part, the forum chairman Ndegwa Wahome said that they were against the proposal for regional governments noting that Kenyans were currently over-represented.. Wahome who is also the Nyandarua Assembly Speaker, said that the current system should be strengthened adding that wards should be funded as one way of addressing the challenges facing Wanjiku.. ...
Buy Paddy Field 5 by azamshah72 on VideoHive. Tilting down and close up shot of the paddy plant. can be use as a background. Quicktime PhotoJpeg 1920×1080
List of all the English words containing letters B and K. BK, bk, bk., kb, KB, bak, BAK, bak^, bek, BKN, bks., Bks, bks, bok, Buk, kab, KBC, kbd, KBD, KBE, KBO, kbp, KBS, kB/s, KBs, KCB, Keb, KGB, KiB, KKB, kob, KUB, back, back-, Baka, bake, Baku, balk
Deşi Opoziţia a părăsit sala de plen, Puterea şi-a asumat răspunderea pe Legea Educaţiei. După ce premierul Emil Boc a prezentat Legea Educaţiei în plenul reunit al celor două Camere, deputatul PNL Eugen Nicolăescu a anunţat că liberalii intenţionează să depună încă o moţiune de cenzură.. ...
The Impact of Mineral Nitrogen Fertilization on the Occurrence of Native Diazotrophic Bacteria in Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea) Shoots and Roots
OBJECTIVES. To investigate the mortality of people who died from cirrhosis in the five-year period from 1992 to 1997 and determine the differences in the number of deceased sub-jects in the corresponding period from 2012 to 2017. To compare the differences in the examined periods considering age, gender, hepatitis B and C, alcoholism, esophageal varices and liver cancer. STUDY DESIGN. A cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS. The study included 333 people died from liver cirrho-sis, 219 in the first period, and 114 people in the second corresponding period. Their data were obtained from the archives of the Clinical Institute for Pathology and Forensic Medicine at the Clinical Hospital Centre Osijek and the central hospital archive of the Clinical Hospital Centre Osijek. RESULTS. In the examination of the two time periods a slight decrease in the death toll was found, with 219 (65.8 %) in the first and 114 (34.2 %) in the second period. The second peri-od was marked by a decrease in the ...
Rice fields. Rice (Oryza sativa) growing in paddy fields. Rice is the principal cereal crop of the wet regions of the tropics. During its growing period it needs to be flooded by heavy rain or by irrigation. Photographed outside Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar. - Stock Image E768/0276
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The Hercules spinal implant device and system is to be used for reduction and internal implant stabilization of human vertebral spondylolisthesis deformity. It is a standalone system with unique design that allows an anterior surgical approach to realign and simultaneously stabilize the spinal vertebral segments while protecting and preserve nerve function and not damaging other human body visceral anatomy in order to correct all grades of spondylolisthesis. The proposed solution is to use two implants in the interbody space, allowing greater flexibility to handle high grades of spondylolisthesis that utilize a locking mechanism when the spine has returned to proper alignment to provide the same stability as that of a single implant. Additionally, the reduction system used to realign the spine is designed to minimize the physical strain of the surgeon while realigning the spine, which could have high resistive forces in high grades of spondylolisthesis. This spinal reduction system is able to ...
This is a well decomposed coco peat based organic manure fortified with neem cake, castor cake, pongamia cake, vermicompost and enriched with various types of beneficial micro-organisms such as Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Rhizobium; Phosphate solubilizing bacteria; Potash mobilizing bacteria, Trichoderma sp., and Pseudomonas, etc.. ...
Our previous publications and the data presented here provide evidences on the ability of plant-based culture media to optimize the cultivability of rhizobacteria and to support their recovery from plant-soil environments. Compared to the tested chemically-synthetic culture media (e.g. nutrient agar and N-deficient combined-carbon sources media), slurry homogenates, crude saps, juices and powders of cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) and succulent plants (Aloe vera and Aloe arborescens) were rich enough to support growth of rhizobacteria. Representative isolates of Enterobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., Bacillus spp. and Azospirillum spp. exhibited good growth on agar plates of such plant-based culture media. Cell growth and biomass production in liquid batch cultures were comparable to those reported with the synthetic culture media. In addition, the tested plant-based culture media efficiently recovered populations of rhizobacteria associated to plant roots. Culturable populations of ,106-108 cfu ...
Asarum canadense is a deciduous Perennial growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is in flower in May. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Flies. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.
Allium canadense mobilense is a BULB growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, insects.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.
Single contendo dois sons dessa verdadeira lenda do Metal canadense. Dono de uma vasta discografia, esse play foi lançado em 1984 antecedendo ao full lenght Live in Detroit lançado um ano depois. Pra quem não está familiarizado com o som da banda, os caras executam um Metal tradicional muito bom, apostando no peso e em refrãos muito bem sacados. Cult banda canadense pra enriquecer ainda mais as páginas do Old School ...
Press release - Data Bridge Market Research - Surface Mount Technology Market by Top Players Fuji Machine Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Ohmite Manufacturing Co., Applied Image, Inc., KBC Electronics, Inc., Hitachi High-Technologies Corporation, Mycronic AB, Nordson Corporation, and Orbotech Ltd., ASM Asse - published on openPR.com
1000 subject Study Material, Reading Material, MCQs, Objective Type Multiple Choice Questions, Admission Tests, Competitive Examinations, GMAT, GRE, Toefel, KBC Quiz Contests, reality shows
Microbial Identification & Characterization - biolog - world leader in cell based technology and assays for microbiology & cell biology
Hieracium canadense, commonly called Canadian hawkweed, Canada hawkweed, narrowleaf hawkweed, or northern hawkweed, is a plant in the genus Hieracium. Its pointed leaves have toothed margins, where the teeth can appear almost hooked. The flowers of the plant are yellow.. ...
KBCs Season 5 this year was much loved because of its theme of discovering talented people from the innards of India and giving them a chance to change their life. On 2nd November 2011, KBC went on air with its 47th episode in which Sushil Kumar from Bihar won the Rs. 5 crore jackpot. The audience loved his idiosyncrasies of thinking aloud and constantly drinking water until her wanted to pee. This episode crossed the viewership stats of Episode 40 which starred SRK who was busy promoting Ra One. ...
Šitum M, Barbarić J, Vurnek M, Kirac I, Stanec M, Vrdoljak DV. Liječenje melanoma : vodič za pacijente. [Internet]. Zagreb: KBC Sestre milosrdnice, Klinika za tumore: ; 2016, [cited 2020 July 10] Available at: https://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:220:952620 ...
2018, Schutz. Todos os direitos reservados. ZZAB Comércio de Calçados Ltda. , Rod Governador Mario Covas, 3255, Armz 01 Sala 210. Bairro Padre Mathias, Cariacica. ES CEP: 29157-100 , CNPJ: 07.900.208/0077- ...
Fatter pay packets, higher stress, peer pressure. These are just some of the reasons for the rising cocaine consumption in India, Mumbai in particular, report Manish Pachouly and Jyoti Shelar.
Asarum canadense, Wild Ginger, is an excellent native groundcover for shade gardens that keeps its foliage throughout the season, making it a good species to plant with spring ephemerals.
Rhizobia are a class of symbiotic diazotrophic bacteria which utilize C4 acids in preference to sugars and the sugar utilization is repressed as long as C4 acids are present. This can be manifested as a diauxie when rhizobia are grown in the presence of a sugar and a C4 acid together. Succinate, a C4 acid is known to repress utilization of sugars, sugar alcohols, hydrocarbons, etc by a mechanism t ...
How did a paddy field turn into a butterfly garden? The Ovalekars have been living in this Wadi for four generations. After they gave up paddy cultivation a decade ago, the farm started wearing a deserted look. Meanwhile, Rajendra Ovalekar, the youngest in the family, took up a job as a school teacher and moved to Thane City. The farm kept drawing him back as he had a keen interest in the birds and the bees and the insects that frequented the place. Once in 2004, he attended a programme that changed his life and the life of his Wadi. It was called Breakfast with Butterflies and was organized by BNHS (Bombay Natural History Society). In the audio-visual presentation, there were two sections. One was an introduction to the various species of butterflies, and the other section was on the plants and trees that attract butterflies. To his joy, he realized that some of these plants and trees were already there in his Wadi, and he vowed to get the rest of them planted there.. Rajendra was encouraged by ...
I like to remember my silent prayer when I heard rattling noise from the engine over my Sony Network Walkman, about 90mins into the ride, before Maddur. Fearing the worst, I stopped to check. Perched on my toes, squatting alongside the bullet, throttle on one hand, I blissfully ignored the stares from the cars I had passed not a long time ago. I open throttle to locate the source of the noise. Bingo!! The KBC style "Aap ka jawab… bilkul sahi hai" applause-applause effect. What follows next is easy, you just need to open your set of tools, find the 12inch spanner and pair of pliers and tighten the nut. You are now the hero, the greased fingers adding to the effect. I guess, I even returned some of the stares of the cagers (aka cars) then. The heroic moment couldnt have been more evanescent though. Barely seconds later, the rattle returned. In the first bend-over look, I saw one and in the next, another - there were two loose bolts, nuts missing. If things had stayed this way, it would have ...
Phenotype MicroArrays for Microbial Cells & Characterization - Microbial ID - Biolog -Microbial Identification of bacteria, yeast & fungi
Book Sala Prabang, Luang Prabang on TripAdvisor: See 207 traveller reviews, 160 candid photos, and great deals for Sala Prabang, ranked #32 of 71 hotels in Luang Prabang and rated 4 of 5 at TripAdvisor.
091708 - Biolog a del tibur n-tigre Galeocerdo cuvier: Revisi n - Biology of the tiger shark Galeocerdo cuvier. Review | Veterinaria.org . La primera comunidad veterinaria de habla hispana con presencia en Espa a y Am rica del Sur.
Pe 20 mai, ultimul concert din prima parte a stagiunii! Dirijor Florin TOTAN, invitat special Monica Balasoiu (vioara) Orchestra Reprezentativa a Armatei va sustine ultimul concert din prima parte a stagiunii la Sala Radio din Bucuresti, pe data de 20 mai 2010, cu incepere de la [...]. ...
Florin Piersic implineste 70 de ani. Un spectacol intitulat Clepsidra cu minutare , dedicat celui care i-a dat viata lui Margelatu, va fi organizat, duminica, la Sala Teatrului National din Cluj-Napoca.
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MATERIALS AND METHODS Bacterial strains - Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas fluorescens, B. megaterium, Azospirillum brasilense, B. thuringiensis var. israelensis (wild type), B. t. var. israelensis (mutant) and B. sphaericus, obtained from the culture collection of Vector Control Research Centre (VCRC), Pondicherry, were used for the study. Cultivation of bacteria - Nutrient broth (NB) containing (wt/v %) glucose (0.5), beef extract (0.5), sodium chloride (0.5), and peptone (0.5) in distilled water at a pH 7.5 was used to grow P. fluorescens, B. cereus and B. megaterium. Nutrient yeast extract mineral salt medium (NYSM) [composition (wt/v %): glucose, 0.5; peptone, 0.5; sodium chloride, 0.5; beef extract. 0.3; yeast extract, 0.5; magnesium chloride, 0.020; manganous chloride, 0.001; and calcium chloride, 0.010 in distilled water, pH 7.2] was used to grow wild type as well as mutant strains of B. t. var. israelensis (Yousten et al. 1980). And to grow B. sphaericus the medium NYSM without glucose was ...
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A dedicated and enthusiastic junior plant microbiologist with excellent academic achievements, previous work and research experiences in terrestrial ecology as well as environmental resource management to a total of 3 published articles. Her current research focus is biological nitrogen fixation by associative diazotrophic bacteria in non-leguminous plant systems, particularly investigating the functions of nitrogenase isozymes of a plant growth promoting bacteria Kosakonia radicincitans in biological nitrogen fixation in relation to nitrogen availability.. ...
El Profesor Felipe Martínez participa en el Máster en Investigación en Biología Fundamental y Biomedicina de la Universidad de León. Este máster proporciona especialización en el campo de la biología celular y molecular, con una clara orientación al campo biomédico e investigador. Orientado a egresados de Licenciatura o Grado en Biología, Biotecnología, Veterinaria, Farmacia y afines con vocación de ingresar en empresas biotecnológicas o en realizar su tesis doctoral en el campo biomédico.. http://masterbiologia.unileon.es. En la ciudad de la Pulchra Leonina y a un paso del Parque Biotecnológico de León.. The Master in Fundamental Biology and Biomedicine Research is an official degree from University of León aimed to provide especialized training in experimental techniques to students who want to accomplish research tasks in subjects related with fundamental biology and biomedicine.. ...
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GK Que ( General knowledge questions and answers ) General Awareness and Current Affairs 2016 with Daily Current Affairs Quiz, Daily GK Quiz, News and Analysis for interview of IBPS Bank PO, IBPS Clerk , Railways, NDA, UPSC Exams, IAS, PCS and all other competitive Examinations. KBC 9 GBJJ Question of the day
GK Que ( General knowledge questions and answers ) General Awareness and Current Affairs 2016 with Daily Current Affairs Quiz, Daily GK Quiz, News and Analysis for interview of IBPS Bank PO, IBPS Clerk , Railways, NDA, UPSC Exams, IAS, PCS and all other competitive Examinations. KBC 9 GBJJ Question of the day
14:40 - 14:50 New pharmacological approaches for binge-eating disorder - Octavian Vasiliu, Daniel Vasile, E.A. Morariu, R.D.A. Stănescu, A.F. Fainarea, M.C. Pătrașcu, R.E. Manolache, I.A. Alexandru, I.E. Ghenoiu, R.A. Lecu, M.I. Gionea, F. Găinaru, I. Amanolesei, R.G. ...
"Isolation and characterization of Azotobacter and Azospirillum strains from the sugarcane rhizosphere" (PDF). Plant and Soil ...
Genus Azospirillum. *Genus Dechlorospirillum. *Genus Defluvicoccus. *Genus Inquilinus. *Genus Magnetospirillum. *Genus ...
induced by Azospirillum brasilense: II. Heterotrophic conditions. Enzyme and microbial technology, 51(5), 300-309. de-Bashan, L ... when co-immobilized in alginate beads with the microalgae-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense. Canadian Journal ... chlorella vulgariswhen coimmobilized and cocultured in alginate beads with the plant-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum ...
2005). "A survey of environmental and biological factors (Azospirillum spp., Agrobacterium rhizogenes, Pseudomonas aurantiaca) ...
"Azospirillum Genomes Reveal Transition of Bacteria from Aquatic to Terrestrial Environments". PLoS Genetics. 7 (12): e1002430. ...
Various Azospirillum species possess 7 replicons, Azospirillum lipoferum, for instance, has 1 bacterial chromosome, 5 chromids ... "Azospirillum Genomes Reveal Transition of Bacteria from Aquatic to Terrestrial Environments". PLoS Genetics. 7 (12): e1002430. ...
Azospirillum inoculations are recommended mainly for sorghum, millets, maize, sugarcane and wheat. Blue green algae belonging ...
Azospirillum III Genetics · Physiology · Ecology Proceedings of the Third Bayreuth Azospirillum Workshop. Berlin, Heidelberg: ...
However, further studies found that R. fauriae was a strain of Azospirillum brasilense, and did not belong in the Roseomonas ... 1998 as a later heterotypic synonym of Azospirillum brasilense Tarrand et al. 1979. International Journal of Systematic and ...
Examples of organisms that do this are rhizobia and Frankia (in symbiosis) and Azospirillum. All diazotrophs contain iron- ...
Azospirillum fluorescens, and Azospirillum lipoferum and notable nitrogen-fixing bacteria associated with legumes includes ... The dominant species found in the rhizosphere is a microbe from the genus Azospirillum. Endophytic relationships involve the ...
Biofertilizer: Biofertilizers like Rhizobium, Azospirillum, Azotobacter & Phosphobacteria are produced using lignite as a ...
"Bacterial chemotactic motility is important for the initiation of wheat root colonization by Azospirillum brasilense". ...
El-Shanshoury, A. R. (September 1995). "Interactions of Azotobacter chroococcum, Azospirillum brasilense and Streptomyces ...
"Impact of free-living diazotrophs, Azospirillum lipoferum and Gluconacetobacter azotocaptans, on growth and nitrogen ... Mehnaz S, Lazarovits G (2006). "Inoculation effects of Pseudomonas putida, Gluconacetobacter azotocaptans, and Azospirillum ...
Her early work includes studies of Azospirillum and other bacteria that could be useful to Brazilian soil. She later played an ...
For non-leguminous crops, Azospirillum has been demonstrated to be beneficial in some cases for nitrogen fixation and plant ... Khammas, K. M. & Kaiser, P. (1992) Pectin decomposition and associated nitrogen fixation by mixed cultures of Azospirillum and ... Bashan, Y., Holguin, G. & E., D.-B. L. (2004) Azospirillum-plant relationships: physiological, molecular, agricultural, and ... Lippi, D., Cacciari, I., Pietrosanti, T. & Pietrosanti, W. (1992) Interactions between Azospirillum and Arthrobacter in ...
... irrigated oilseed halophyte Salicornia bigelovii inoculated with mangrove rhizosphere bacteria and halotolerant Azospirillum ...
... can be significantly enhanced in its initial stages by inoculation with plant growth-promoting bacteria such as Azospirillum sp ...
... agropedia Azospirillum - Azospirillum Biofertilizer, Azospirillum Manufacturer, Azospirillum Biofertilizer Wholesaler from ...
When the root nodules of broad bean are inoculated with the rhodospirillacean bacterium Azospirillum brasilense and the ...
Family Rhodospirillaceae Genus Azospirillum Genus Dechlorospirillum Genus Defluvicoccus Genus Inquilinus Genus Magnetospirillum ...
Azospirillum MeSH B03.440.400.425.708.100.020 --- Azospirillum brasilense MeSH B03.440.400.425.708.100.510 --- Azospirillum ... Azospirillum MeSH B03.660.050.663.750.100.020 --- Azospirillum brasilense MeSH B03.660.050.663.750.100.510 --- Azospirillum ...
... bacteria can promote plant growth. Parte, A.C. "Azospirillum". www.bacterio.net. Naveen Kumar, Arora (2014). Plant ... ISBN 81-322-2068-4. "Azospirillum". www.uniprot.org. Steenhoudt, O; Vanderleyden, J (October 2000). "Azospirillum, a free- ... Azospirillum is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic, non-fermentative and nitrogen-fixing bacterial genus from the family of ... ISBN 1-4614-9203-3. Okon, edited by Yaacov (1994). Azospirillum/plant associations. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-4925-7. ...
... at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Azospirillum brasilense at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Azospirillum brasilense is a bacterium. Its type strain is Sp 7 (ATCC 29145). It is nitrogen-fixing and is found in ... and two species,Azospirillum lipoferum(Beijerinck) comb. nov. andAzospirillum brasilensesp. nov". Canadian Journal of ... Tien TM, Gaskins MH, Hubbell DH (May 1979). "Plant Growth Substances Produced by Azospirillum brasilense and Their Effect on ...
Azospirillum brasilense at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Azospirillum brasilense at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Azospirillum brasilense is a bacterium. Its type strain is Sp 7 (ATCC 29145). It is nitrogen-fixing and is found in ... and two species,Azospirillum lipoferum(Beijerinck) comb. nov. andAzospirillum brasilensesp. nov". Canadian Journal of ... Tien TM, Gaskins MH, Hubbell DH (May 1979). "Plant Growth Substances Produced by Azospirillum brasilense and Their Effect on ...
Effect of foliar application of Azotobacter, Azospirillum and Beijerinckia on leaf yield and quality of mulberry (Morus alba). ... waha) under saline conditions due to inoculation with the rhizosphere bacterium Azospirillum brasilense NH and extracts of the ...
1990) Azospirillum associations. In: Gresshoff P.M., Roth L.E., Stacey G., Newton W.E. (eds) Nitrogen Fixation. Springer, ... This controversy stems from non-reproducible results of Azospirillum inoculations in pot and field trials. Based on the natural ... Nitrogen Fixation Tropical Vegetation Plant Growth Promotion Effect Azospirillum Inoculation Indigenous Plasmid These keywords ... Since its rediscovery in 1975 by Döbereiner and collaborators (18), Azospirillum has been the subject of much controversy in ...
Azospirillum bacteria can promote plant growth. Parte, A.C. "Azospirillum". www.bacterio.net. Naveen Kumar, Arora (2014). Plant ... ISBN 81-322-2068-4. "Azospirillum". www.uniprot.org. Steenhoudt, O; Vanderleyden, J (October 2000). "Azospirillum, a free- ... Azospirillum is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic, non-fermentative and nitrogen-fixing bacterial genus from the family of ... ISBN 1-4614-9203-3. Okon, edited by Yaacov (1994). Azospirillum/plant associations. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-4925-7. ...
hypothetical protein AZL_e01480 (plasmid) [Azospirillum sp. B510]. * This record was replaced or removed. The sequence YP_ ...
Azospirillum oryzae is a species of nitrogen-fixing bacteria associated with the roots of Oryza sativa. Its type strain is ... "Wheat root colonization and nitrogenase activity by Azospirillum isolates from crop plants in Korea." Canadian journal of ... Hartmann, Anton; Baldani, Jose Ivo (2006). "The Genus Azospirillum". The Prokaryotes: 115-140. doi:10.1007/0-387-30745-1_6. Kim ... ISBN 0-387-25495-1. Azospirillum oryzae at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN. ...
Azospirillum canadense is a nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from corn rhizospheres. Its type strain is DS2T (=NCCB 100108T = ... "Variabilidad genética de aislamientos no-típicos de Azospirillum brasilense por análisis PCR-RFLP del ADN 16S ribosomal." ... Azospirillum canadense at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN. ... "Azospirillum canadense sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium ...
Azospirillum halopraeferens at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Azospirillum halopraeferens at BacDive - the ... "Root-surface colonization of black mangrove seedlings by Azospirillum halopraeferens and Azospirillum brasilense in seawater". ... Azospirillum halopraeferens is a species of nitrogen-fixing bacteria associated with the roots of Leptochloa fusca and black ... Reinhold, B.; Hurek, T.; Fendrik, I.; Pot, B.; Gillis, M.; Kersters, K.; Thielemans, S.; De Ley, J. (1987). "Azospirillum ...
Click here for azospirillum bacteria pictures! You can also find pictures of anna bacteria, austin bacteria, axonopodis ... The plant growth-promoting bacteria Azospirillum is a rhizosphere bacteria (root dweller). A main... When a plant is colonized ... Root colonization by Azospirillum brasilense visualizing by Fluorescence In situ Hybridization... Colonización de la raíz de ... Biofertilizantes Se fomenta la producción y el uso de azospirillum brasilensis, bacteria específica... Cell-cell interaction of ...
All strains of Azospirillum lipoferum and Azospirillum brasilense... ... Cellular fatty acid composition of 14 strains from the four species of Azospirillum was determined by gas chromatographic ... Cellular fatty acid composition Azospirillum lipoferum/brasilense Azospirillum halopraeferens Azospirillum amazonense ... All strains of Azospirillum lipoferum and Azospirillum brasilense were similar in fatty acid data, thus not revealing an ...
Peptidoglycan biosynthesis - Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , ...
Azospirillum gen. nov. and two species, Azospirillum lipoferum (Beijerinck) comb. nov. and Azospirillum brasilense sp. nov. Can ... Bastarrachea F, Zamudio M, Rivas R (1988) Non-encapsulated mutants of Azospirillum brasilense and Azospirillum lipoferum. Can J ... Genome sequence of Azospirillum brasilense CBG497 and comparative analyses of Azospirillum core and accessory genomes provide ... Hall PG, Krieg NR (1983) Swarming of Azospirillum brasilense on solid media. Can J Microbiol 29:1592-1594CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Purpose Azospirillum brasilense ( A. brasilense) and Pseudomonas fluorescens ( P. fluorescens) have long been known to benefit ... Azospirillum brasilense (A. brasilense) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens) have long been known to benefit inoculated ... Effects of Azospirillum brasilense and Pseudomonas fluorescens on nitrogen transformation and enzyme activity in the rice ... Salamone IEG, Salvo LPD, Ortega JSE et al (2010) Field response of rice paddy crop to Azospirillum inoculation: physiology of ...
To explain what Azospirillum is, from the National Library of Medicine of the United States: ... and Azotobacter. Four aspects of the Azospirillum-plant root interaction are highlighted: natural habitat, plant root ... Azospirillum represents the best characterized genus of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Other free-living diazotrophs ... The attachment of Azospirillum cells to plant roots occurs in two steps. The polar flagellum, of which the flagellin was shown ...
... for Azospirillum species. Analysis with the nifHD region of Rhizobium trifolii showed that the Azospirillum nif genes were ... Plasmid visualization and nif gene location in nitrogen-fixing Azospirillum strains.. J Plazinski, P J Dart, B G Rolfe ... Plasmid visualization and nif gene location in nitrogen-fixing Azospirillum strains. Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded ...
Azospirillum sp. (strain B510)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,D3NZ62,D3NZ62_AZOS1 DotU domain-containing protein OS=Azospirillum sp. (strain B510) OX=137722 GN=AZL_a01600 PE=4 SV=1 ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Alphaproteobacteria › Rhodospirillales › Rhodospirillaceae › Azospirillum › ...
A 40-kb DNA region containing the major cluster of nif genes has been isolated from the Azospirillum brasilense Sp7 genome. In ... Sequencing and promoter analysis of the nifENXorf3orf5fdxAnifQ operon from Azospirillum brasilense Sp7.. Potrich DP1, Bressel ... This result suggests the differential expression of the nif genes and their respective products in Azospirillum. ...
We are leading Manufacturer of Azospirillum Biofertilizers, Bacillus Subtilis, Pseudomonas Fluorescens, Trichoderma Viride, ...
Azospirillum lipoferum (strain 4B). Azospirillum oryzae. 146. UniRef90_G7ZBW2. Cluster: Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small ... Azospirillum lipoferum (strain 4B)Imported. ,p>Information which has been imported from another database using automatic ... tr,G7ZBW2,G7ZBW2_AZOL4 Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small chain (RuBisCO small subunit) OS=Azospirillum lipoferum (strain ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Alphaproteobacteria › Rhodospirillales › Rhodospirillaceae › Azospirillum › ...
Azospirillum brasilense Ammonium-excreting mutant Biofertilizer Glutamine synthetase glnA gene Abbreviations. PGPR. Plant- ... Pedrosa FO, Yates MG (1984) Regulation of nitrogen fixation (nif) genes of Azospirillum brasilense by nifA and ntrC (glnG) type ... Fallik E, Okon Y (1996) The response of maize (Zea mays) to Azospirillum inoculation in various types of soils in the field. ... Vitorino JC, Steffens MB, Machado HB et al (2001) Potential roles for the glnB and ntrYX genes in Azospirillum brasilense. FEMS ...
Search results for Azospirillum brasilense Sp245. Your search did not match any of the products we carry. Please try browsing ...
NITROGEN FIXATION AND NITRATE RESPIRATION IN AZOSPIRILLUM. H. Bothe, M. Stephan, J. Döbereiner ... NITROGEN FIXATION AND NITRATE RESPIRATION IN AZOSPIRILLUM Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ...
... lipoferum 4B and Azospirillum sp. B510). The Azospirillum core genome was established and consists of 2,328 proteins, ... The genomes of several Azospirillum strains belonging to different species, isolated from various host plants and locations, ... Bacteria of the genus Azospirillum colonize roots of important cereals and grasses, and promote plant growth by several ...
Key words: Two-component system protein, ·cyst development, ·nitrogen fixation,·Azospirillum brasilense. ... Mutants of the hybrid sensor kinase CstA affect cyst cell development in Azospirillum brasilense Sp7. Lixian Wu 1#, Yanhua Cui ...
In this context, Azospirillum species, a nitrogen-fixing microorganism found in the rhizosphere of various plant species, may ... with Azospirillum brasilense is beneficial to soybean yield, mainly using the in-furrow method of application for ... in-furrow and seed-applied) combined with an in-furrow application of Azospirillum spp. At R2 growth stage, the nodule number, ... associated with the co-inoculation with Azospirillum spp. The tested treatments consisted of the absence of N fertilizer and ...
  • Analysis with the nifHD region of Rhizobium trifolii showed that the Azospirillum nif genes were chromosomally located in all eight strains investigated and not on endogenous plasmids. (asm.org)
  • This result suggests the differential expression of the nif genes and their respective products in Azospirillum. (nih.gov)
  • The astonishing results indicated that about half of the Azospirillum genes seem to be horizontally transferred. (asmblog.org)
  • Present study was aimed at isolation and biochemical characterization of Rhizobium and Azospirillum strains from roots and rhizospheric soil of wheat and maize (at tillering and anthesis stage) growing under different moisture regimes in the field and under induced water stress in pots. (gov.pk)
  • On the basis of carbon/nitrogen utilization patterns the Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolates from wheat and maize field were placed in three different groups depending upon the different moisture regimes from where these strains were isolated. (gov.pk)
  • The UPGMA (Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Means) cluster analysis based on Random Amplification of Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) tests grouped Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolates in two. (gov.pk)
  • Reinoculation experiments with both field and pot isolates revealed that the strains of Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolated from well watered plants grown in field or pot have less effect on plant growth of either chickpea or wheat used as host respectively, whereas Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolated from arid fields and plants growing under water stressed pot conditions performed better exposed to induced water stress. (gov.pk)
  • Rhizobium and Azospirillum isolated from arid field and induced water stress in pots can be used as inocula to promote growth and yield of plants grown in moisture deficit soil. (gov.pk)
  • In fact, there are more genomic rearrangement in Azospirillum than in Rhizobium , the multi-replicon α-proteobacterium that previously had the distinction of having the most plastic genome known among the prokaryotes. (asmblog.org)
  • Towards sustainable maize production: Glyphosate detoxification by Azospirillum sp. (conicet.gov.ar)
  • For example, Azospirillum colonizes the roots of cereals (rice, wheat, and maize) and other grasses where it enhances plant growth by carrying out nitrogen fixation and secreting phytohormones, such as indole-3-acetic acid. (asmblog.org)
  • Strains of both Azospirillum halopraeferens and Azospirillum amazonense , however, differed significantly from this first group of strains. (springer.com)
  • Azospirillum biofertilizers have a history going back to the beginning of the XX th However, researches still have to find new and competitive strains and improve biofertilizers production and application techniques. (cirworld.com)
  • The products containing Azospirillum strains and their use begin to play an important role in modern agriculture and in special in some countries in course of development as an alternative to chemical expensive and some time not environmental friendly products. (cirworld.com)
  • Background: Azospirillum amazonense has potential to be used as agricultural inoculant since it promotes plant growth without causing pollution, unlike industrial fertilizers. (ufrgs.br)
  • 5. Bashan Y, de Bashan L.E. (2015) Inoculant preparation and Formulations for Azospirillum spp.Chapter 26 in Cassan FD et al, (eds) Handbook for Azospirillum Springer Ed, Switzerland. (cirworld.com)
  • Nevertheless, the indole-3-pyruvate decarboxylase encoding ipdC gene is crucial in the overall IAA biosynthesis in Azospirillum. (agriville.com)
  • Azospirillum is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic, non-fermentative and nitrogen-fixing bacterial genus from the family of Rhodospirillaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within its family, the Rhodospirillaceae, almost all of its known relatives are found in aquatic environments, suggesting that Azospirillum may have transitioned to life on land later, after the Precambrian divergence of hydrobacteria and terrabacteria. (asmblog.org)