Azorhizobium caulinodans: A species of AZORHIZOBIUM which forms nodules on the roots of the tropical legume Sesbania rostrata. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Rhizobiaceae: A family of gram-negative bacteria which are saprophytes, symbionts, or plant pathogens.Sesbania: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain piperidine alkaloids (PIPERIDINES).Azorhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, obligate aerobes which are motile by peritrichous flagella on solid medium and one lateral flagellum in liquid medium. Under microaerobic conditions Azorhizobium fixes nitrogen. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.ThioglucosidesXanthobacter: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in wet soil containing decaying organic material and in water. Cells tend to be pleomorphic if grown on media containing succinate or coccoid if grown in the presence of an alcohol as the sole carbon source. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Flavanones: A group of FLAVONOIDS characterized with a 4-ketone.Nitrogenase: An enzyme system that catalyzes the fixing of nitrogen in soil bacteria and blue-green algae (CYANOBACTERIA). EC 1.18.6.1.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Rhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.Aerobiosis: Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.Electron Transport Chain Complex Proteins: A complex of enzymes and PROTON PUMPS located on the inner membrane of the MITOCHONDRIA and in bacterial membranes. The protein complex provides energy in the form of an electrochemical gradient, which may be used by either MITOCHONDRIAL PROTON-TRANSLOCATING ATPASES or BACTERIAL PROTON-TRANSLOCATING ATPASES.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Oxidoreductases: The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Electron Transport Complex IV: A multisubunit enzyme complex containing CYTOCHROME A GROUP; CYTOCHROME A3; two copper atoms; and 13 different protein subunits. It is the terminal oxidase complex of the RESPIRATORY CHAIN and collects electrons that are transferred from the reduced CYTOCHROME C GROUP and donates them to molecular OXYGEN, which is then reduced to water. The redox reaction is simultaneously coupled to the transport of PROTONS across the inner mitochondrial membrane.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Cytochromes a1: A subclass of heme a containing cytochromes have a reduced alpha-band absorption of 587-592 nm. They are primarily found in microorganisms.Cytochromes c1: The 30-kDa membrane-bound c-type cytochrome protein of mitochondria that functions as an electron donor to CYTOCHROME C GROUP in the mitochondrial and bacterial RESPIRATORY CHAIN. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p545)Bacteriophage N4: A species in the genus N4-like viruses, in the family PODOVIRIDAE, that infects E. coli.Inovirus: A genus of filamentous bacteriophages of the family INOVIRIDAE. Organisms of this genus infect enterobacteria, PSEUDOMONAS; VIBRIO; and XANTHOMONAS.RussiaBotany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.BooksSoil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Rhizosphere: The immediate physical zone surrounding plant roots that include the plant roots. It is an area of intense and complex biological activity involving plants, microorganisms, other soil organisms, and the soil.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Methylococcaceae: A family of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria utilizing only one-carbon organic compounds and isolated from in soil and water.Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis: Electrophoresis in which various denaturant gradients are used to induce nucleic acids to melt at various stages resulting in separation of molecules based on small sequence differences including SNPs. The denaturants used include heat, formamide, and urea.Ipomoea batatas: A plant species of the genus IPOMOEA, family CONVOLVULACEAE. Some cultivars are sweet and edible whereas bitter varieties are a source of SAPONINS. This sweet potato is sometimes referred to as a yam (DIOSCOREA).Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Methylocystaceae: A family of gram-negative methanotrophs in the order Rhizobiales, distantly related to the nitrogen-fixing and phototrophic bacteria.Methylosinus trichosporium: A species of METHYLOSINUS which is capable of degrading trichloroethylene and other organic pollutants.Methylosinus: A genus of gram-negative rods which form exospores and are obligate methanotrophs.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Proteobacteria: A phylum of bacteria consisting of the purple bacteria and their relatives which form a branch of the eubacterial tree. This group of predominantly gram-negative bacteria is classified based on homology of equivalent nucleotide sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA or by hybridization of ribosomal RNA or DNA with 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA.Porins: Porins are protein molecules that were originally found in the outer membrane of GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA and that form multi-meric channels for the passive DIFFUSION of WATER; IONS; or other small molecules. Porins are present in bacterial CELL WALLS, as well as in plant, fungal, mammalian and other vertebrate CELL MEMBRANES and MITOCHONDRIAL MEMBRANES.

Rhizobial factors required for stem nodule maturation and maintenance in Sesbania rostrata-Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571 symbiosis. (1/2)

The molecular and physiological mechanisms behind the maturation and maintenance of N(2)-fixing nodules during development of symbiosis between rhizobia and legumes still remain unclear, although the early events of symbiosis are relatively well understood. Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571 is a microsymbiont of the tropical legume Sesbania rostrata, forming N(2)-fixing nodules not only on the roots but also on the stems. In this study, 10,080 transposon-inserted mutants of A. caulinodans ORS571 were individually inoculated onto the stems of S. rostrata, and those mutants that induced ineffective stem nodules, as displayed by halted development at various stages, were selected. From repeated observations on stem nodulation, 108 Tn5 mutants were selected and categorized into seven nodulation types based on size and N(2) fixation activity. Tn5 insertions of some mutants were found in the well-known nodulation, nitrogen fixation, and symbiosis-related genes, such as nod, nif, and fix, respectively, lipopolysaccharide synthesis-related genes, C(4) metabolism-related genes, and so on. However, other genes have not been reported to have roles in legume-rhizobium symbiosis. The list of newly identified symbiosis-related genes will present clues to aid in understanding the maturation and maintenance mechanisms of nodules.  (+info)

Symbiotic legume nodules employ both rhizobial exo- and endo-hydrogenases to recycle hydrogen produced by nitrogen fixation. (2/2)

 (+info)

*Azorhizobium

... is a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria. They fix nitrogen in symbiosis with plants in the genus Sesbania. ... "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature -Azorhizobium". Retrieved 2013-11-26. Lee, K. B.; et al. (2008). "The ... genome of the versatile nitrogen fixer Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571". BMC Genomics. 9 (4): 271. doi:10.1186/1471-2164-9-271 ...

*Azorhizobium oxalatiphilum

"Azorhizobium oxalatiphilum sp. nov., and emended description of the genus Azorhizobium". International Journal of Systematic ... Azorhizobium oxalatiphilum has the ability to utilizes oxalic acid. Lang, E; Schumann, P; Adler, S; Spröer, C; Sahin, N (April ... Azorhizobium oxalatiphilum is a Gram-negative, motile, non-spore-forming bacteria from the familia of Xanthobacteraceae which ... LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Azorhizobium oxalatiphilum Lang, E; Schumann, P; Adler, S; Spröer, C; Sahin, N (April 2013). " ...

*Azorhizobium doebereinerae

... is a species of bacteria in the family Xanthobacteraceae. Strains of this species were originally ... doi:10.1007/s00374-008-0275-5. Type strain of Azorhizobium doebereinerae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... "Azorhizobium doebereinerae sp. Nov. Microsymbiont of Sesbania virgata (Caz.) Pers". Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 29 (3 ...

*Azorhizobium caulinodans

... is a species of bacteria that forms a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with plants of the genus Sesbania. Lee ... Type strain of Azorhizobium caulinodans at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... 2008). "The genome of the versatile nitrogen fixer Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571". BMC Genomics. 9: 271. doi:10.1186/1471- ...

*Rhizobiales

Kuykendall, L. D. 2005 Genus Azorhizobium. In Brenner, Krieg, Staley and Garrity (Editors), The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta- and ...

*Xanthobacteraceae

Among others, they include Azorhizobium, a genus of rhizobia. "List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature". ...

*Sesbania

The species of rhizobia responsible for nitrogen fixation in Sesbania rostrata is Azorhizobium caulinodans. Some 60 species are ...

*Trophic mutualism

Specifically, these bacteria can be from generas Allorhizobium, Azorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium, or ...

*Lipopolysaccharide-transporting ATPase

Van Montagu M, Holsters M (1996). "Role of nodl and nodJ in lipo-chitooligosaccharide secretion in Azorhizobium caulinodans and ...

*Sinorhizobium meliloti

2008). "Phage specificity and lipopolysaccarides of stem- and root-nodulating bacteria (Azorhizobium caulinodans, Sinorhizobium ...

*Αr45 RNA

Azorhizobium caulinodans, Starkey novella, Xhantobacter autotrophicus), and in some representatives of the Beijerinckiaceae ...

*Αr9 RNA

Goethals K, Van Montagu M, Holsters M (1992). "Conserved motifs in a divergent nod box of Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571 ...

*Sesbania rostrata

It fixes large amounts of nitrogen in only 6-8 weeks if the appropriate strain of Azorhizobium caulinodans is present in the ... The dual inoculation of S. rostrata with Glomus mosseae and Azorhizobium caulinodans has been shown to increase plant height, ... Azorhizobium caulinodans and rock phosphate on the growth of and nitrogen and phosphorus accumulation in Sesbania rostrata. ...

*Rhizobacteria

Azorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, and Rhizobium. Though microbial inoculants can be beneficial for crops, they are not widely used ...

*Microorganism

... and Azorhizobium. A lichen is a symbiosis of a macroscopic fungus with photosynthetic microbial algae or cyanobacteria. ...

*Iron/lead transporter

FixP of Azorhizobium caulinodans. The generalized transport reactions catalyzed by members of the PbrT family are: (1) Pb2+ ( ... of Azorhizobium caulinodans (30% identity). The C-terminal transmembrane domain (residues 223-619) shows sequence similarity to ...

*List of clinically important bacteria

Actinomyces israelii Agrobacterium radiobacter Agrobacterium tumefaciens Anaplasma Anaplasma phagocytophilum Azorhizobium ...

*List of bacteria genera

Family Hyphomicrobiaceae Genus Ancalomicrobium Genus Ancylobacter Genus Angulomicrobium Genus Aquabacter Genus Azorhizobium ...

*List of MeSH codes (B03)

Azorhizobium MeSH B03.660.050.350.080.100 --- Azorhizobium caulinodans MeSH B03.660.050.350.400 --- Hyphomicrobium MeSH B03.660 ... Azorhizobium MeSH B03.440.400.425.127.100 --- Azorhizobium caulinodans MeSH B03.440.400.425.135 --- azotobacteraceae MeSH ...
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
Thanks to everyone who replied to my request for help in identifying , the mysterious "dhaincha". From the context of the original reference , that stared the chase, there is no doubt dhaincha is a sesbania. Ian et al-- Well Ill be a Leprachaun, dhaincha is indeed sesbania and not crotalaria. Id say I was off base by at least a genus :-) Thanks for posting the correct information. Ive done some investigation for farmers looking at alternative green manures and fiber crops such as sesbania and crotalaria and also have several sources to offer on sesbania. Both are more widely used in India than here in the U.S. Literature sources on sesbania: Whyte, R.O., et al. 1953. Legumes in Agriculture. FAO Agricultural Studies No. 21. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome. p. 321-322. Ghai, S.K., et al. 1985. Comparative study of the potential of sesbanias for green manuring. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad) 62(1): 52-56. Evans, Dale O., and Peter P. Rotar. 1987. Productivity of Sesbania species. ...
Plant Life of the Monastery of the Holy Spirit. by Jim Allison. FABACEAE. Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh [Sesbania exaltata, Sesbania macrocarpa], coffee-weed. ...
Por favor, póngase en contacto con nuestra oficina principal en Charleson SC con cualquier pregunta.. Rostrata 국제 위치한 3 사무소를두고있다 ...
So I have read many good things about recycle. I have taken Erase and loved it. I was wondering, has anyone taken each product? Have any insight on
Country Guide to Human Rights and Business in Mexico", 18 Nov 16. …The Mexico Country Guide to Human Rights and Business provides a steppingstone towards a Mexico more focused on the human rights impacts of economic activities, and on human development. To this end, the guide provides information and recommendations aimed at helping companies respect human rights. We hope that this guide will foster a national debate on the main opportunities and challenges regarding business and human rights in Mexico…The Mexico Country Guide is based on the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, and aims to help realise the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda….While intended to guide companies, the guide also aims to support the production of the Mexican National Program on Business and Human Rights (NPBH) by helping government identify the main impacts of business and ways to address these through the NPBH…. Read the full post here. ...
General Information: This species is a stem-nodulating nitrogen-fixing organism isolated from Sesbania rostrata. Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571 is a microsymbiont of the water-tolerant tropical legume Sesbania rostrata.A. caulinodans ORS571 is able to fix nitrogen in the free-living state, which is not the case for most rhizobia. ...
Rice being a non-legume, does not possess the capacity to carry out biological nitrogen fixation in symbiosis with rhizobia. Azorhizobium caulinodans is a micro-symbiont of Sesbania rostrata with several unique and beneficial characteristics that makes it a potential candidate to induce biological nitrogen fixing associations with the rice plant. Maximum colonisation of rice by the bacterium is important for high benefit. This study was aimed at finding the maximum colonisation levels of A. caulinodans detected by GFPlabelling of the bacterium. A. caulinodans was labelled with green fluorescent protein to facilitate accurate and real time observations of the bacterium in and around the root hairs. GFPlabelling was carried out by inserting the gfp-gene-containing plasmid pBBR5-hem-gfp5-S65T into A. caulinodans ORS 571, with a helper plasmid (pRK2013) by tri-parental-mating. The bacterium was observed to colonise rice roots by bright green fluorescence emitted by the bacterium under blue light. ...
The survival of indigenous and introduced strains of Azorhizobium caulinodans in flooded soil and in the rice rhizosphere, where in situ Sesbania rostrata was incorporated before the rice crop, is reported. The azorhizobia studied were both root and stem nodulating. In a pot experiment, two crop cycles each of inoculated and noninoculated Sesbania-rice were compared with two crop cycles of flooded fallow-rice. In a field experiment, the effect of repeated incorporation of in situ S. rostrata in the Sesbania-rice sequence was studied. Soils in which inoculated S. rostrata was incorporated contained about 3,000 times more azorhizobia than did soils in the flooded fallow treatment and about 50 times more azorhizobia than did soils in the noninoculated Sesbania treatment. Azorhizobial numbers in the inoculated Sesbania treatment declined toward rice harvest but remained much higher than in the flooded fallow-rice treatment. Repeated incorporation of S. rostrata increased the population density of ...
inproceedings{250678, author = {Mergaert, Peter and Goormachtig, Sofie and Geelen, Danny and Geremia, Roberto and Valerio-Lepiniec, M and Fern{\a}ndez-L{\o}pez, Miguel and Goethals, Koen and DHaeze, Wim and Prom{\e}, Jean-Claude and De Bruijn, FJ and Van Montagu, Marc and Holsters, Marcella}, booktitle = {Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture}, editor = {Tikhonovich, IA and Provorov, NA and Romanov, VI and Newton, WE}, isbn = {9780792337072}, issn = {0924-1949}, language = {eng}, location = {St Petersburg, Russia}, pages = {61--66}, publisher = {Kluwer Scientific}, title = {Early events in the Azorhizobium caulinodans-Sesbania rostrata symbiosis}, volume = {27}, year = {1995 ...
Since evolution and crop breeding programs have not favored HUP+ symbioses over HUP symbioses, it may be possible that H2 evolution by nodules is beneficial to the growth and yield of the symbiosis. To test this hypothesis, plant growth was compared in soils that were previously exposed to air or to H2 in air at an H2 exposure rate that increased from 63 to 250 pinoles L1 soil h1 over a 9 week period. This H2 exposure rate was similar to that experienced by soils adjacent to legume nodules.... ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Yucca rostrata, Yucca, leaf upper image
Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map, bibliography and images of Aptychotrema rostrata - East Australian shovelnose ray
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833). ...
Rostrata seeks to develop a functional business enterprise capable of employing Dominican fishermen and add value to the countrys resources in a responsible, sustainable and commercially viable way.. Rostrata tiene como objetivo desarrollar una empresa que emplea a los pescadores dominicanos y aporta un valor añadido al país de una manera responsable, sostenible y comercialmente viable.. Rostrata는 기능성 기업 능력을 채용 도미니칸 어부를 개발하고 책임있는 국가 자원에 가치를 추가하고자한다. 지속 가능하고 상업적으로 가능한 방법입니다.. ...
  • head -2 gene_info.txt #Format: tax_id GeneID Symbol LocusTag Synonyms dbXrefs chromosome map_location description type_of_gene Symbol_from_nomenclature_authority Full_name_from_nomenclature_authority Nomenclature_status Other_designations Modification_date (tab is used as a separator, pound sign - start of a comment) 7 5692769 NEWENTRY - - - - - Record to support submission of GeneRIFs for a gene not in Gene (Azorhizobium caulinodans Dreyfus et al. (vpsee.com)