A genus of SPONGES in the family Axinellidae, comprised of a choanosomal skeleton differentiated in the axial and extra-axial region. The type species is Axinella polypoides.
The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.

Girolline, an antitumor compound isolated from a sponge, induces G2/M cell cycle arrest and accumulation of polyubiquitinated p53. (1/5)

Girolline, an antitumor compound isolated from a sponge, has been reported to inhibit the termination step of protein synthesis in vivo. In this study, we found that girolline induced G2/M cell cycle arrest in several tumor cell lines. Immunochemical analysis revealed that polyubiquitinated p53 was accumulated in girolline-treated cells, while other polyubiquitinated cellular proteins were not accumulated, indicating that the effect of girolline is specific for p53. On the other hand, girolline did not inhibit proteasome activity in vitro, and accumulation of polyubiquitinated p53 was scarcely detected in the presence of leptomycin B, an inhibitor of nuclear export. Based on the above findings, we propose that girolline affects the step of recruitment of polyubiquitinated p53 to the proteasome.  (+info)

Streptomyces axinellae sp. nov., isolated from the Mediterranean sponge Axinella polypoides (Porifera). (2/5)

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Bromopyrrole alkaloids as lead compounds against protozoan parasites. (3/5)

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New tetromycin derivatives with anti-trypanosomal and protease inhibitory activities. (4/5)

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Further investigation of the Mediterranean sponge Axinella polypoides: isolation of a new cyclonucleoside and a new betaine. (5/5)

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"Axinella" is a genus of demosponges, also known as marine sponges, that belong to the family Axinellidae. These sponges are commonly found in various parts of the world's oceans, particularly in tropical and temperate waters. They can be recognized by their characteristic skeletal structure, which is made up of spicules (small, needle-like structures) made of calcium carbonate or silica.

Axinella species are known for their ability to filter water and feed on plankton and other small particles. Some species have been found to contain bioactive compounds with potential medicinal applications, such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties. However, more research is needed to fully understand the potential benefits of these compounds and their safety for human use.

It's worth noting that "Axinella" is a scientific name used in taxonomy, which is the study of naming, classifying, and identifying organisms. It does not have a direct medical definition or application, but rather refers to a specific group of marine sponges with certain shared characteristics.

Porifera, also known as sponges, is a phylum of multicellular aquatic organisms characterized by having pores in their bodies. These pores allow water to circulate through the body, bringing in food and oxygen while expelling waste products. Sponges do not have true tissues or organs; instead, they are composed of specialized cells that perform specific functions. They are generally sessile (non-mobile) and live attached to rocks, coral reefs, or other underwater structures. Some species can be quite large, while others are microscopic in size. Sponges have a long fossil record dating back over 500 million years and play important roles in marine ecosystems as filter feeders and habitat providers for many other marine organisms.

1897 Axinella columna Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990 Axinella convexa Hoshino, 1981 Axinella copiosa Thiele, 1898 Axinella cornua Sim, ... 1916 Axinella manus Dendy, 1905 Axinella massalis Burton, 1959 Axinella meandroides Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998 Axinella ... 1959 Axinella egregia Topsent, 1892 Axinella elegans (Dendy, 1924) Axinella estacioi Carballo & Garcia-Gomez, 1995 Axinella ... Axinella kirki Dendy, 1897 Axinella labyrinthica Dendy, 1889 Axinella lamellata (Dendy, 1905) Axinella lesueuri Topsent, 1932 ...
... , known as yellow sponge and crumpled duster sponge, is a marine sponge in the family Axinellidae, first ... "Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) - Ocean Biogeographic Information System". obis.org. Retrieved 2020-09-26. v t e (Articles ... "World Porifera Database Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2020-09-27. Esper, E.J. ...
... is a species of sponge in the family, Axinellidae, which was first described by Belinda Alvarez, Nicole de ... Axinella badungensis Alvarez, de Voogd & van Soest, 2016". www.marinespecies.org. Retrieved 3 March 2021. Belinda Alvarez; ...
"Australian Faunal Directory: Axinella loribellae". Retrieved 3 March 2021. Axinella loribellae occurrence data from GBIF v t e ... Axinella loribellae is a species of sponge in the family, Axinellidae, which was first described by Belinda Alvarez and John ... "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Axinella badungensis Alvarez & Hooper, 2009". www.marinespecies.org. Retrieved 3 ...
The sponge was first described in 1961 by Patricia Bergquist as Axinella lamellata, However the name had already been used, and ... "Australian Faunal Directory: Axinella tricalyciformis Bergquist, 1961". AFD. Retrieved 2020-09-23. Bergquist, P.R. (1961). " ... she renamed it in 1970 as Axinella tricalciformis. It is known from both the Chatham Islands and from waters around Tasmania, ...
Yalçın, Funda Nuray (January 2007). "Biological Activities of the Marine Sponge Axinella" (PDF). Hacettepe University Journal ... Pseudaxinyssa cantharella and Axinella corrugata. Total synthesis of stevensine has been achieved by Ying-zi Xu et al., and ... "In Vitro CuIture of the Tropical Sponge Axinella corrugata (Demospongiae): Effect of Food Cell Concentration on Growth, ... "Chemical Defense of the Caribbean Reef Sponge Axinella corrugata Against Predatory Fishes". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 25 (12 ...
... is a bacterium species from the genus of Streptomyces which has been isolated from the sponge Axinella ... nov., isolated from the Mediterranean sponge Axinella polypoides (Porifera)". International Journal of Systematic and ... nov., isolated from the Mediterranean sponge Axinella polypoides (Porifera)". International Journal of Systematic and ...
Sponge species Axinella babici is named in his honor. He died in Opatija. Pogledi na biologičke i bionomičke odnose u ...
nov., a marine bacterium isolated from the Mediterranean sponge Axinella verrucosa". International Journal of Systematic and ... Aureivirga marina has been isolated from the sponge Axinella verrucosa from the coast near Sdot Yam. "Genus: Aureivirga". lpsn. ...
Vosmaer, G.C.J. (1912). "On the distinction between the genera Axinella, Phakellia, Acanthella a. o. Festschrift Spengel". ...
1972 previously included in Axinella as Axinella chainanica Lebedev, Parukhin & Roitman, 1970 Lebedev, B. I. 1972. ... nov., -a new name for Axinella Lebedev, Paruchin et Roitman, 1970 (Monogenoidea). [In Russian, Engl. sum.] Trudy Biologo- ...
For example, the marine archaean Cenarchaeum symbiosum is an endosymbiont of the sponge Axinella mexicana. Some archaea are ...
The marine archaean Cenarchaeum symbiosum lives within (it is an endosymbiont of) the sponge Axinella mexicana. See the NCBI ...
Aplysina aerophoba and Axinella polypoides case studies". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 477: 57-68. doi: ...
Studies later found that Oroidin is present in other genera of sponges, such as Hymeniacidon, Cymbaxinella, Axinella. The ...
Isolation and structure of the cell growth inhibitory constituents from the western Pacific marine sponge Axinella sp". Journal ...
Halichondrin B was first isolated from Halichondria okadai, and later from the unrelated sponges Axinella carteri and Phankella ...
Axinella damicornis Axinella dissimilis Axinella flustra Axinella infundibuliformis Axinella parva Axinella pyramidata Axinella ...
Plate XXXVII Axinella lunaecharta v t e (CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list, Articles with short description, Short ... It was first described in 1886 by Stuart Oliver Ridley and Arthur Dendy as Axinella lunaecharta, but in 1887, in their final ...
... axinella MeSH B01.500.802.160 - callyspongia MeSH B01.500.802.175 - crambe sponge MeSH B01.500.802.200 - dysidea MeSH B01.500. ...
There are ten genera: Axinella Schmidt, 1862 Cymbastela Hooper & Bergquist, 1992 Dragmacidon Hallmann, 1917 Dragmaxia Hallmann ...
1881 Axinella carteri (Dendy) Garrison, Fielding H. (1914). "The Anglo-Indian Surgeons". Edinburgh Medical Journal. 12 (5): 425 ...
1897 Axinella columna Sim, Kim & Byeon, 1990 Axinella convexa Hoshino, 1981 Axinella copiosa Thiele, 1898 Axinella cornua Sim, ... 1916 Axinella manus Dendy, 1905 Axinella massalis Burton, 1959 Axinella meandroides Alvarez, van Soest & Rützler, 1998 Axinella ... 1959 Axinella egregia Topsent, 1892 Axinella elegans (Dendy, 1924) Axinella estacioi Carballo & Garcia-Gomez, 1995 Axinella ... Axinella kirki Dendy, 1897 Axinella labyrinthica Dendy, 1889 Axinella lamellata (Dendy, 1905) Axinella lesueuri Topsent, 1932 ...
note: Based on morphological and molecular characters, Axinella cannabina is allocated in this source to Acanthella [details] ... To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection (1 record) (from synonym Axinella foveolaria (Nardo, 1833)). ... Axinella,/i, and of the family Axinellidae (Porifera: Demospongiae). ,em,Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.,/em, 57, 35-47. ... Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia. ...
To PESI (from synonym Axinella pocillum (Bowerbank, 1866)). To PESI (from synonym Spongia infundibuliformis Linnaeus, 1759). To ... To PESI (from synonym Axinella microdragma (Lendenfeld, 1897)). To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Porifera Collection (2 records) ( ... Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies. ...
Mus & Bombon Axinella Dress - Green This shirt dress features a lovely runched back with side sl.. ...
Holotype (of Axinella nanaspiculata Hartman, 1955) YPM... Holotype (of Axinella nanaspiculata Hartman, 1955) YPM 1228, geounit ... original description (of Axinella nanaspiculata Hartman, 1955) Hartman, W.D. (1955). A collection of sponges from the west ... additional source (of Axinella nanaspiculata Hartman, 1955) Green, G. (1977). Sinopsis taxonómica de trece especies de esponjas ... of Axinella nanaspiculata Hartman, 1955) Hartman, W.D. (1955). A collection of sponges from the west coast of the Yucatan ...
original description (of Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886) Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1886). Preliminary report on the ... original description (of Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886) Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1887). Report on the Monaxonida ... of Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886) Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1887). Report on the Monaxonida collected by H.M.S. ... of Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886) Ridley, S.O.; Dendy, A. (1886). Preliminary report on the Monaxonida collected by ...
This large sea cucumber (25cm long) is black to deep brown with white or beige spots on the tips of its papillae. It feeds by swallowing sand and absorbing food…
Axinella dissimilis. One of the most conspicuous branching-erect sponges that occurs in the British Isles (Magharee Islands, 02 ...
The 5th EMERGING Valley meeting was held at Marseille on 14th December. Patricia Ricard took part in the discussions, which were billed as
Chemical defense against predators and bacterial fouling in the Mediterranean sponges Axinella polypoides and A. verrucosa. ...
Similar Species: Similar to Axinella infundibuliformis but often larger and more brittle, with a sharp edge to the cup (rounded ... The edge of the cup/fan is sharp, not neatly rounded as in Axinella infundibuliformis. The colour is usually pale grey to cream ...
Staining tumor cells with biotinylated ACL-I, a lectin isolated from the marine sponge, Axinella ...
Axinella red tree sponge (Ptilocaulis sp.). Regular price From £75.00 GBP Regular price £75.00 GBP Sale price From £75.00 GBP ...
VESTIDO MIDI CAMISERO MUS&BOMBON AXINELLA. Precioso vestido camisero AXINELLA de la marca Mush&Bombon ...
Axinella arborescens Ridley & Dendy, 1886 synonym * AFD Published in:Ridley, S.O. & Dendy, A. 1886, Preliminary report on the ...
2006) Sodwanone and Yardenone Triterpenes from a South African Species of the Marine Sponge Axinella Inhibit Hypoxia-Inducible ...
axinella corrugata. No. species. eukaryota. invertebrates. species. 153946. click here. azadirachta indica. No. species. ...
Subject Axinella cannabina. Location Kostrena Croatia. Camera Canon g7x mark2. Upload date 2022-08-08 ... Subject Axinella polipoides. Location Kostrena Croatia. Camera Canon g7x mark2. Upload date 2021-08-27 ...
29%), Phakellia fusca (16%), and Axinella cannabina (9%). The rest were derived from Xestospongia testudinaria, Plakortis ...
Axinella clathrata. *Axinella elegans. *Axinella halichondrioides. *Axinella kirki. *Axinella labyrinthica. *Axinella lamellata ...
Porifera: Axinellida) from East Pacific and remarks about the polyphyly of the genus Axinella. Zootaxa, 4482(1): 111-124. https ... Description and molecular phylogeny of Axinella nayaritensis n. sp. ( ...
Eight tryptic peptides presented similarity with lectin I isolated from Axinella polypoides. Its secondary structure is ...
Asterias Asterias Asterias Asterina Asterina Asterina Axinella Axinella Axinella Cacatuas Cockatoos Cacatúas .... ... Asterias Asterias Asterias Asterina Asterina Asterina Axinella Axinella Axinella Cacatuas Cockatoos Cacatúas .... ... Asterias Asterias Asterias Asterina Asterina Asterina Axinella Axinella Axinella Cacatuas Cockatoos Cacatúas .... ... Asterias Asterias Asterias Asterina Asterina Asterina Axinella Axinella Axinella Cacatuas Cockatoos Cacatúas .... ...
Axinellid cup sponges (Axinella infundibuliformis) are common on the bedrock and stony reef at depth ranges of 70m to over 100m ...
Axinella: nemocni n dankov syst m. Sotalia: informa n syst m pro zdravotnick za zen ...
Isodictya dissimilis Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Axinella dissimilis (Bowerbank, 1866) (original description). Isodictya ... Isodictya pocillum Bowerbank, 1866 accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (original description). Isodictya ...
... a new marine bioactive diterpene separated in the Vanuatu sponge or cloth Axinella sp., a chemoproteomic-based method has ...
Axinella Axinella Axinella Callyspongia Callyspongia Callyspongia Canidae Canidae Canidae Charadriformes Charadriformes ...
  • Species of Axinella occur in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuevas especies de esponjas encontradas en Cuba (new species of sponges from Cuba). (invemar.org.co)
  • Axinella is a genus of sponges in the family Axinellidae first described in 1862 by Eduard Oscar Schmidt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Axinellid cup sponges (Axinella infundibuliformis) are common on the bedrock and stony reef at depth ranges of 70m to over 100m. (jncc.gov.uk)
  • The edge of the cup/fan is sharp, not neatly rounded as in Axinella infundibuliformis . (habitas.org.uk)
  • Similar to Axinella infundibuliformis but often larger and more brittle, with a sharp edge to the cup (rounded in A. infundibuliformis ). (habitas.org.uk)
  • additional source (of Axinella nanaspiculata Hartman, 1955 ) Green, G. (1977). (marinespecies.org)
  • Axinella is a genus of sponges in the family Axinellidae first described in 1862 by Eduard Oscar Schmidt. (wikipedia.org)
  • The type species is Axinella polypoides. (nih.gov)
  • La especie tipo es Axinella polypoides. (bvsalud.org)
  • Género de ESPONJAS de la familia Axinellidae, que tienen un esqueleto coanosomático diferenciado en la región axial y extraaxial. (bvsalud.org)