Infections with viruses of the genus AVULAVIRUS, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes NEWCASTLE DISEASE and other infections of domestic fowl.
A genus in the subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE, causing disease in domestic fowl. There are many species, the most well-known being avian paramyxovirus 1 (NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS).

IRF-1 deficiency skews the differentiation of dendritic cells toward plasmacytoid and tolerogenic features. (1/14)

Members of the IFN regulatory factors (IRFs) family are transcriptional regulators that play essential roles in the homeostasis and function of the immune system. Recent studies indicate a direct involvement of some members of the family in the development of different subsets of dendritic cells (DC). Here, we report that IRF-1 is a potent modulator of the development and functional maturation of DC. IRF-1-deficient mice (IRF-1(-/-)) exhibited a predominance of plasmacytoid DC and a selective reduction of conventional DC, especially the CD8alpha(+) subset. IRF-1(-/-) splenic DC were markedly impaired in their ability to produce proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-12. By contrast, they expressed high levels of IL-10, TGF-beta, and the tolerogenic enzyme indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase. As a consequence, IRF-1(-/-) DC were unable to undergo full maturation and retained plasmacytoid and tolerogenic characteristics following virus infection ex vivo and in vivo. Accordingly, DC from IRF-1(-/-) mice were less efficient in stimulating the proliferation of allogeneic T cells and instead, induced an IL-10-mediated, suppressive activity in allogeneic CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells. Together, these results indicate that IRF-1 is a key regulator of DC differentiation and maturation, exerting a variety of effects on the functional activation and tolerogenic potential of these cells.  (+info)

Molecular characterization and complete genome sequence of avian paramyxovirus type 4 prototype strain duck/Hong Kong/D3/75. (2/14)

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Complete genome sequences of avian paramyxovirus type 8 strains goose/Delaware/1053/76 and pintail/Wakuya/20/78. (3/14)

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Activation of natural killer cells by newcastle disease virus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase. (4/14)

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Complete genome sequence of avian paramyxovirus type 7 (strain Tennessee) and comparison with other paramyxoviruses. (5/14)

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Complete genome sequences of avian paramyxovirus serotype 2 (APMV-2) strains Bangor, England and Kenya: evidence for the existence of subgroups within serotype 2. (6/14)

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Experimental avian paramyxovirus serotype-3 infection in chickens and turkeys. (7/14)

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Pathogenesis of two strains of avian paramyxovirus serotype 2, Yucaipa and Bangor, in chickens and turkeys. (8/14)

Nine serologic types of avian paramyxovirus (APMV) have been recognized. Newcastle disease virus (APMV-1) is the most extensively characterized virus, while relatively little information is available for the other APMV serotypes. In the present study, we examined the pathogenicity of two strains of APMV-2, Yucaipa and Bangor, in 9-day-old embryonated chicken eggs, 1-day-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicks, and 4-wk-old SPF chickens and turkeys. The mean death time in 9-day-old embryonated chicken eggs was more than 168 hr for both strains, and their intracerebral pathogenicity index (ICPI) was zero, indicating that these viruses are nonpathogenic in chickens. When inoculated intracerebrally in 1-day-old chicks, neither strain caused disease or replicated detectably in the brain. This suggests that the zero ICPI value of APMV-2 reflects the inability of the virus to grow in neural cells. Groups of twelve 4-wk-old SPF chickens and turkeys were inoculated oculonasally with either strain, and three birds per group were euthanatized on days 2, 4, 6, and 14 postinoculation for analysis. There were no overt clinical signs of illnesses, although all birds seroconverted by day 6. The viruses were isolated predominantly from the respiratory and alimentary tracts. Immunohistochemistry studies also showed the presence of a large amount of viral antigens in epithelial linings of respiratory and alimentary tracts. There also was evidence of systemic spread even though the cleavage site of the viral fusion glycoprotein does not contain the canonical furin protease cleavage site.  (+info)

Avulavirus infections are veterinary medical conditions caused by Avulaviruses, a genus of viruses in the family Paramyxoviridae. These viruses are responsible for causing a variety of important diseases in birds and mammals, including Newcastle disease in birds and several different illnesses in humans, such as:

1. Madagascar pneumonia or meningopneumonitis (caused by Avulavirus serotype 12, also known as MAPV-12)
2. Tubular lung disease (caused by Avulavirus serotype 4, also known as A/turkey/England/50-92/91)

Avulavirus infections can lead to respiratory, gastrointestinal, and neurological symptoms in both birds and mammals. The severity of the disease depends on various factors, including the specific Avulavirus serotype involved, the host's age and immune status, and the route of infection.

In birds, Newcastle disease is a highly contagious and often fatal illness affecting domestic poultry and wild birds worldwide. It can cause severe economic losses in the poultry industry due to high mortality rates and trade restrictions.

In humans, Avulavirus infections are rare but have been associated with contact with infected birds or their droppings. The majority of human cases have been reported in Australia, although sporadic cases have also been documented in other countries. Human illnesses caused by Avulaviruses typically present as respiratory or neurological symptoms and can range from mild to severe, depending on the individual's age and overall health status.

Preventive measures for Avulavirus infections include maintaining good biosecurity practices, such as proper hand hygiene, wearing protective clothing, and limiting contact with potentially infected birds or their droppings. Vaccination is available for some Avulavirus serotypes and is widely used in the poultry industry to control Newcastle disease.

Avulavirus is a genus of viruses in the family Paramyxoviridae, order Mononegavirales. Avulaviruses are enveloped, negative-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses that primarily infect birds, causing various clinical manifestations such as respiratory, digestive, and reproductive diseases. Some avulaviruses have been associated with sporadic human infections, usually resulting in mild or asymptomatic illnesses. The most well-known avulavirus is the Newcastle disease virus (NDV), which can cause severe disease in birds and poses a significant threat to the poultry industry worldwide.

No human infections have been reported of Avian metaavulavirus 2 Balkema-Buschmann, Anne; et al. (6 June 2018). "Re- ... To rename the following taxon (or taxa): The species names in the genus Avulavirus. Current name Proposed name Avian ... Studies have shown that upon infection, microscopic lesions form in the trachea, lungs and, more rarely, in the gut of animal ... "Other Avian Paramyxovirus Infections - Poultry - Merck Veterinary Manual". Merck Veterinary Manual. Retrieved 2017-11-02. ...
... avulavirus infections MeSH C02.782.580.600.080.600 - newcastle disease MeSH C02.782.580.600.400 - henipavirus infections MeSH ... cardiovirus infections MeSH C02.782.687.207 - common cold MeSH C02.782.687.359 - enterovirus infections MeSH C02.782.687.359. ... deltaretrovirus infections MeSH C02.782.815.200.260 - enzootic bovine leukosis MeSH C02.782.815.200.470 - htlv-i infections ... respiratory syncytial virus infections MeSH C02.782.580.600.680 - rubulavirus infections MeSH C02.782.580.600.680.500 - mumps ...
Signs of infection with NDV vary greatly depending on factors such as the strain of virus and the health, age and species of ... The disease is caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), an avulavirus. Strains of Newcastle disease virus have been used to ...
Diseases associated with this family include measles, mumps, and respiratory tract infections. The family has four subfamilies ... The respirovirus-henipavirus-morbillivirus clade may be basal to the avulavirus-rubulavirus clade. Animal virology Virology " ... of the single promoter model by having its genes arranged in relative order of protein needed for successful infection. For ...
DHOV infection in mice resembles experimental influenza infection in mice and ferrets as well as fatal H5N1 influenza infection ... Avulavirus) on the Malyi Zhemchuzhnyi Island in the north-western area of the Caspian Sea]", Voprosy virusologii (in Russian), ... infection in mice: a model of the pathogenesis of severe orthomyxovirus infection", American Journal of Tropical Medicine and ... In laboratory infections, it is pathogenic to mice. The virion is around 105 nm in diameter. The genome has six RNA segments. ...
No human infections have been reported of Avian metaavulavirus 2 Balkema-Buschmann, Anne; et al. (6 June 2018). "Re- ... To rename the following taxon (or taxa): The species names in the genus Avulavirus. Current name Proposed name Avian ... Studies have shown that upon infection, microscopic lesions form in the trachea, lungs and, more rarely, in the gut of animal ... "Other Avian Paramyxovirus Infections - Poultry - Merck Veterinary Manual". Merck Veterinary Manual. Retrieved 2017-11-02. ...
Avulavirus Infections Preferred Concept UI. M0448313. Scope Note. Infections with viruses of the genus AVULAVIRUS, family ... Mononegavirales Infections [C01.925.782.580] * Paramyxoviridae Infections [C01.925.782.580.600] * Avulavirus Infections [ ... This includes NEWCASTLE DISEASE and other infections of domestic fowl.. Terms. Avulavirus Infections Preferred Term Term UI ... Infections with viruses of the genus AVULAVIRUS, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes NEWCASTLE DISEASE and other infections ...
Avian paramyxovirus (APMV) belongs to the genus Avulavirus, family Paramyxoviridae. There are 13 recognized Avulavirus species ... We observed cytopathic effects during infection of MDBK cells and Vero cells in all isolates evaluated. These effects were ... Phylogenetic analysis and pairwise comparison suggests that APVA, APVB, and APVC might each represent novel avulavirus species ... Our findings suggest that these 3 new viruses represent members of 3 novel avulavirus species. ...
Avipoxvirus Avitaminosis Avoidance Learning Avulavirus Avulavirus Infections Awards and Prizes Awareness Axenic Culture Axial ... indicating that both rFWPV and rVV infections are arrested at an early stage in human DCs. Infection of CD83 + DCs by rFWPV was ... Avipoxvirus infections have been reported in over 232 bird species in 23 orders of birds, but most of our knowledge comes from ... Alley, M. R.; Hale, K. A.; Cash, H.; Ha, H. J.; Howe, L. (2010). "Concurrent avian malaria and avipox virus infection in ... ...
Organisms such as Mycoplasma, Campylobacter, Helicobacter, Neisseria (Dewar et al., 2013), Avian avulavirus, Infectious bursal ... Recurring infections of avian malaria (Plasmodium spp.), (Grilo et al., 2016) are common causes of death in penguin species ... de Lisle, G. W., Stanislawek, W. L., and Moors, P. J. (1990). Pasteurella multocida infections in rockhopper penguins (Eudyptes ... These increases are linked with infections by vector borne diseases. Furthermore, when penguins shift their distribution in ...
Avulavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Avulavirus/patologia , Infecções por Avulavirus/virologia , Doenças das ... An infection with Campylobacter spp may lead to impaired defence and susceptibility to other pathogens which may result in ... Infecções por Avulavirus/veterinária , Avulavirus/genética , Doenças das Aves/patologia , Galinhas/virologia , Columbidae/ ... infection due to the normal coprophagic behaviour of poultry. Reducing welfare problems by a better management of rearing ...
Infecções por Avulavirus. Avulavirus Infections. Infecciones por Avulavirus. Infecções por Henipavirus. Henipavirus Infections ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecciones por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecções por Flexibacteraceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ... Fusobacteriaceae Infections. Infecciones por Fusobacteriaceae. Infecções por Moraxellaceae. Moraxellaceae Infections. ... Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecciones por Piscirickettsiaceae. Pneumonia Suína Micoplasmática. Pneumonia of Swine, ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Henipavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... Fusobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Fusobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flexibacteraceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ... Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções por Piscirickettsiaceae. Neumonía Porcina por Micoplasma. Pneumonia of Swine, ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Henipavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... Fusobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Fusobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flexibacteraceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ... Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções por Piscirickettsiaceae. Neumonía Porcina por Micoplasma. Pneumonia of Swine, ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Henipavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... Fusobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Fusobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flexibacteraceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ... Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções por Piscirickettsiaceae. Neumonía Porcina por Micoplasma. Pneumonia of Swine, ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Avulavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... C01 - Bacterial Infections and Mycoses. Desulfovibrionaceae Infections. Infecções por Desulfovibrionaceae. Infecciones por ... Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções por Moraxellaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flavobacteriaceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ...
Infecções por Avulavirus. Avulavirus Infections. Infecciones por Avulavirus. Infecções por Henipavirus. Henipavirus Infections ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecciones por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecções por Flexibacteraceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ... Fusobacteriaceae Infections. Infecciones por Fusobacteriaceae. Infecções por Moraxellaceae. Moraxellaceae Infections. ... Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecciones por Piscirickettsiaceae. Pneumonia Suína Micoplasmática. Pneumonia of Swine, ...
Infecções por Avulavirus. Avulavirus Infections. Infecciones por Avulavirus. Infecções por Henipavirus. Henipavirus Infections ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecciones por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecções por Flexibacteraceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ... Fusobacteriaceae Infections. Infecciones por Fusobacteriaceae. Infecções por Moraxellaceae. Moraxellaceae Infections. ... Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecciones por Piscirickettsiaceae. Pneumonia Suína Micoplasmática. Pneumonia of Swine, ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Avulavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... C01 - Bacterial Infections and Mycoses. Desulfovibrionaceae Infections. Infecções por Desulfovibrionaceae. Infecciones por ... Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções por Moraxellaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flavobacteriaceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Henipavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... Fusobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Fusobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flexibacteraceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ... Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções por Piscirickettsiaceae. Neumonía Porcina por Micoplasma. Pneumonia of Swine, ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Avulavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... C01 - Bacterial Infections and Mycoses. Desulfovibrionaceae Infections. Infecções por Desulfovibrionaceae. Infecciones por ... Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções por Moraxellaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flavobacteriaceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Henipavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... Fusobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Fusobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flexibacteraceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ... Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções por Piscirickettsiaceae. Neumonía Porcina por Micoplasma. Pneumonia of Swine, ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Avulavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... C01 - Bacterial Infections and Mycoses. Desulfovibrionaceae Infections. Infecções por Desulfovibrionaceae. Infecciones por ... Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções por Moraxellaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flavobacteriaceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ...
Avulavirus Infections. Infecções por Avulavirus. Infecciones por Avulavirus. Henipavirus Infections. Infecções por Henipavirus ... C01 - Bacterial Infections and Mycoses. Desulfovibrionaceae Infections. Infecções por Desulfovibrionaceae. Infecciones por ... Moraxellaceae Infections. Infecções por Moraxellaceae. Infecciones por Moraxellaceae. Piscirickettsiaceae Infections. Infecções ... Flavobacteriaceae Infections. Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae. Infecciones por Flavobacteriaceae. Flexibacteraceae Infections. ...
NLRC5 Serves as a Pro-viral Factor During Influenza Virus Infection in Chicken Macrophages. Frontiers in cellular and infection ... Complete genome sequences of three related avian avulavirus 1 isolates from poultry farmers in Pakistan. Microbiology Resource ... Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, Muhammad, J, Rabbani, M, Shabbir, M, Muhammad, K, Ghori, M, Chaudhry, H, Ul ... Prevalence and Spatial Distribution of Salmonella Infections in the Pennsylvania Raccoon (Procyon lotor). Zoonoses and Public ...
Orthomyxoviridae Infections/epidemiology , Orthomyxoviridae Infections/veterinary , SARS-CoV-2 , Influenza A virus/genetics , ... Avulavirus , Gammacoronavirus , Influenza A virus , Influenza in Birds , Animals , Ducks , Gammacoronavirus/genetics , ... and all three developed a co-infection after their initial SARS-CoV-2 infection. This study demonstrates high prevalence of co- ... infections in central Missouri during the 2021-2022 influenza season, differences in co-infection prevalence between the Delta ...
A phenomenon in which infection by a first virus results in resistance of cells or tissues to infection by a second, unrelated ... The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl ... In fact, the key element in the profound immunosuppression seen in HIV infection is the depletion of this subset of T- ... One of several skin tests to determine past or present tuberculosis infection. A purified protein derivative of the tubercle ...
Newcastle disease, other avian paramyxoviruses, and pneumovirus infections. In: Saif YM (ed) Disease of Poultry, 7th ed. Iowa ... Tetua virus ini adalah virus ND strain La Sota, termasuk dalam Famili Paramyxoviridae, Genus Avulavirus, Spesies Newcastle ...
Influenza A infection. Birds, horses and pigs. Present. Jaagsiekte Complex(external link opens in a new window / tab). Sheep ... Avian Avulavirus -1 AAvV-1 (Pigeon Paramyxovirus) * EU Exceptional Adjustment Aid * Northern Ireland TB Eradication Partnership ... Duck Plague (Herpes Virus Enteritis)(Infection)(external link opens in a new window / tab). Poultry. Never. ...
Chlamydophila psittaci is the causative agent of avian chlamydiosis, and causes respiratory, digestive, or systemic infections ...
Rapidly after infection (1 dpi), the 63140 strain stimulated an upregulation of the IL-12p40 and IFN-γ genes in the CALT, but ... A Recombinant Turkey Herpesvirus Expressing F and HN Genes of Avian Avulavirus-1 (AAvV-1) Genotype VI Confers Cross-Protection ... As evidenced by the differential expression of IL-12p40 and IFN-γ genes observed at the initiation of viral infection, it ... Throughout the course of the infection the viral genome load of both the CEO vaccine strain and the 63140 virulent strain were ...
Only in cell culture has PCV3 been isolated (PK-15 cells). A few animals infected with PCV-2 may have a long-term infection. ... Avian Avulavirus 1 (AAvV-1). *Avian Hepatitis E virus (AHEV). *Avian Leukosis Virus (ALV) ...
Clinical signs in pigeons consistent with ND have been seen in Egypt since early 1981, and infection with NDV was serologically ... belongs to genus Avulavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae [4, 5]. Several additional AAvV, have been recently proposed as ... Alexander DJ, Parsons G, Marshall R. Infection of fowls with Newcastle disease virus by food contaminated with pigeon faeces. ... Newcastle Disease and other Avian Paramyxoviridae Infections. In: Calnek BW, Barnes HJ, Beard CW, McDougald LR, Saif YM, ...
In older chickens, infection is usually subclinical but causes a decline in egg production and hatchability. Several modified ... Disease is a serious respiratory disease caused by virulent strains of avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 of the genus Avulavirus. ... Infection with Eimeria coccidia induces a strong, species-specific protective immunity. As a result, several live coccidial ... The use of the attenuated vaccines has been characterized as controlled exposure by giving a mild infection at an age when ...
  • Infections with viruses of the genus AVULAVIRUS , family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE . (nih.gov)
  • Avian paramyxovirus (APMV) belongs to the genus Avulavirus , family Paramyxoviridae . (cdc.gov)
  • citation needed] Avian metaavulavirus 2 has been known to cause disease, specifically mild respiratory infections in domestic poultry, including turkeys and chickens, and has many economic effects on egg production and poultry industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are 13 recognized Avulavirus species, each with 1 member, called avian paramyxovirus 1-13 (APMV-1-APMV-13) ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Chlamydophila psittaci is the causative agent of avian chlamydiosis, and causes respiratory, digestive, or systemic infections in most birds, in. (cabi.org)
  • Our findings suggest that these 3 new viruses represent members of 3 novel avulavirus species. (cdc.gov)
  • In total, 79 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and 22 patients with influenza A virus infection were included. (bvsalud.org)
  • However, neither rFWPV nor rVV were able to express transgenes under the control of late viral promoters, indicating that both rFWPV and rVV infections are arrested at an early stage in human DCs. (lookformedical.com)
  • An interferon regulatory factor that is expressed constitutively and undergoes POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION following viral infection. (lookformedical.com)
  • This includes NEWCASTLE DISEASE and other infections of domestic fowl. (nih.gov)
  • AN - infection: coord IM with INFECTION (IM) HN - 2004 MH - Achromobacter UI - D042402 MN - B3.440.400.425.117.24 MN - B3.660.75.27.30 MS - A genus of gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore forming rods. (nih.gov)
  • AN - infection: coord IM with GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIAL INFECTIONS (IM) HN - 2004 MH - Achromobacter xylosoxidans UI - D042441 MN - B3.440.400.425.117.24.950 MN - B3.660.75.27.30.950 MS - The type species of gram negative, aerobic bacteria in the genus ACHROMOBACTER. (nih.gov)
  • AN - infection: coord IM with GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIAL INFECTIONS (IM) HN - 2004 MH - Acidianus UI - D041541 MN - B7.75.725.725.30 MS - A genus of facultatively anaerobic coccoid ARCHAEA, in the family SULFOLOBACEAE. (nih.gov)
  • AN - infection: coord IM with ACTINOBACILLUS INFECTIONS (IM) HN - 2004 MH - Actinobacillus seminis UI - D044133 MN - B3.440.450.09.675 MN - B3.660.250.550.50.675 MS - A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ACTINOBACILLUS, which causes EPIDIDYMITIS in SHEEP. (nih.gov)
  • AN - infection: coord IM with ACTINOBACILLUS INFECTIONS (IM) + EPIDIDYMITIS (IM) if pertinent HN - 2004 MH - Actinobacillus suis UI - D044132 MN - B3.440.450.09.700 MN - B3.660.250.550.50.700 MS - A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ACTINOBACILLUS. (nih.gov)
  • By contrast, the polybasic cleavage site of the F0 protein of velogenic strains allows for cleavage by ubiquitous proteases such as furin, resulting in a more systemic infection. (medscape.com)
  • AN - infection: coord IM with GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIAL INFECTIONS (IM) HN - 2004 MH - Acidaminococcaceae UI - D045854 MN - B3.440.425.410.96 MS - A family of gram-negative bacteria, in the order Clostridiales. (nih.gov)
  • This includes NEWCASTLE DISEASE and other infections of domestic fowl. (nih.gov)
  • Even though PPMV-1 did not cause high mortality in experimental pigeons, the infected pigeons were exhibiting viral shedding for 3 weeks after infection, suggesting PPMV-1 is a potential threat to NDV control worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)

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