Infections with viruses of the genus AVULAVIRUS, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes NEWCASTLE DISEASE and other infections of domestic fowl.
A genus in the subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE, causing disease in domestic fowl. There are many species, the most well-known being avian paramyxovirus 1 (NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS).
An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.
The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl. It is also reported to cause CONJUNCTIVITIS in humans. Transmission is by droplet inhalation or ingestion of contaminated water or food.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Proteins, usually glycoproteins, found in the viral envelopes of a variety of viruses. They promote cell membrane fusion and thereby may function in the uptake of the virus by cells.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
A transmembrane-protein belonging to the TNF family of intercellular signaling proteins. It is a widely expressed ligand that activates APOPTOSIS by binding to TNF-RELATED APOPTOSIS-INDUCING LIGAND RECEPTORS. The membrane-bound form of the protein can be cleaved by specific CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES to form a soluble ligand form.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Rare congenital X-linked disorder of lipid metabolism. Barth syndrome is transmitted in an X-linked recessive pattern. The syndrome is characterized by muscular weakness, growth retardation, DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY, variable NEUTROPENIA, 3-methylglutaconic aciduria (type II) and decreases in mitochondrial CARDIOLIPIN level. Other biochemical and morphological mitochondrial abnormalities also exist.
A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE that is a source of triterpenoids and diterpene epoxides such as triptolide.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.
Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
Mature LYMPHOCYTES and MONOCYTES transported by the blood to the body's extravascular space. They are morphologically distinguishable from mature granulocytic leukocytes by their large, non-lobed nuclei and lack of coarse, heavily stained cytoplasmic granules.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Large, phagocytic mononuclear leukocytes produced in the vertebrate BONE MARROW and released into the BLOOD; contain a large, oval or somewhat indented nucleus surrounded by voluminous cytoplasm and numerous organelles.
Morphologic alteration of small B LYMPHOCYTES or T LYMPHOCYTES in culture into large blast-like cells able to synthesize DNA and RNA and to divide mitotically. It is induced by INTERLEUKINS; MITOGENS such as PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS, and by specific ANTIGENS. It may also occur in vivo as in GRAFT REJECTION.
White blood cells formed in the body's lymphoid tissue. The nucleus is round or ovoid with coarse, irregularly clumped chromatin while the cytoplasm is typically pale blue with azurophilic (if any) granules. Most lymphocytes can be classified as either T or B (with subpopulations of each), or NATURAL KILLER CELLS.

Complete nucleotide sequence of avian paramyxovirus type 6 isolated from ducks. (1/30)

There are nine serotypes of avian paramyxovirus (APMV). Only the genome of APMV type 1 (APMV-1), also called Newcastle disease virus (NDV), has been completely sequenced. In this study, the complete nucleotide sequence of an APMV-6 serotype isolated from ducks is reported. The 16236 nt genome encodes eight proteins, nucleocapsid protein (NP), phosphoprotein (P), V protein, matrix protein (M), fusion protein (F), small hydrophobic (SH) protein, haemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein and large (L) protein, which are flanked by a 55 nt leader sequence and a 54 nt trailer sequence. Sequence comparison reveals that the protein sequences of APMV-6 are most closely related to those of APMV-1 (NDV) and -2, with sequence identities ranging from 22 to 44%. However, APMV-6 contains a gene that might encode the SH protein, which is absent in APMV-1, but present in the rubulaviruses simian virus type 5 and mumps virus. The presence of an SH gene in APMV-6 might provide a link between the evolution of APMV and rubulaviruses. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrates that APMV-6, -1, -2 (only the F and HN sequences were available for analysis) and -4 (only the HN sequences were available for analysis) all cluster into a single lineage that is distinct from other paramyxoviruses. This result suggests that APMV should constitute a new genus within the subfamily Paramyxovirinae.  (+info)

Inhibition of replication of goose paramyxovirus SF02 by hammerhead ribozyme targeting to the SF02 F mRNA in chicken embryo fibroblasts. (2/30)

Hammerhead ribozyme RzF598 and its dysfunctional mutant dRzF598 targeting to the (F) gene of goose paramyxovirus SF02 have been designed. The transgenic plasmids pcDNA-RzF598 and pcDNA-dRzF598 were constructed by inserting ribozyme genes into eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3. The plasmid pcDNA3 that lacks full ribozyme gene was used as a control. Plasmids pcDNA-RzF598, pcDNA-dRzF598 and pcDNA3 were transfected into chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEFs). The concentration of virus released by infected CEFs and the survival percentages of CEFs were identified. The results indicated that RzF598 successfully suppressed the replication of SF02 in CEFs. Survival percentage of CEFs being transfected with pcDNA-RzF598 and infected SF02 was up to 78.8%, while the survival percentages of untransfected CEFs and CEFs transfected with pcDNA3 after infection with SF02 were only about 5%.  (+info)

Antitumor vaccination of patients with glioblastoma multiforme: a pilot study to assess feasibility, safety, and clinical benefit. (3/30)

PURPOSE: Prognosis of patients with glioblastoma is poor. Therefore, in glioblastoma patients, we analyzed whether antitumor vaccination with a virus-modified autologous tumor cell vaccine is feasible and safe. Also, we determined the influence on progression-free survival and overall survival and on vaccination-induced antitumor reactivity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a nonrandomized study, 23 patients were vaccinated and compared with nonvaccinated controls (n = 87). Vaccine was prepared from patient's tumor cell cultures by infection of the cells with Newcastle Disease Virus, followed by gamma-irradiation, and applied up to eight times. Antitumor immune reactivity was determined in skin, blood, and relapsed tumor by delayed-type hypersensitivity skin reaction, ELISPOT assay, and immunohistochemistry, respectively. RESULTS: Establishment of tumor cell cultures was successful in approximately 90% of patients. After vaccination, we observed no severe side effects. The median progression-free survival of vaccinated patients was 40 weeks (v 26 weeks in controls; log-rank test, P = .024), and the median overall survival of vaccinated patients was 100 weeks (v 49 weeks in controls; log-rank test, P < .001). Forty-five percent of the controls survived 1 year, 11% survived 2 years, and there were no long-term survivors (> or = 3 years). Ninety-one percent of vaccinated patients survived 1 year, 39% survived 2 years, and 4% were long-term survivors. In the vaccinated group, immune monitoring revealed significant increases of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactivity, numbers of tumor-reactive memory T cells, and numbers of CD8(+) tumor-infiltrating T-lymphocytes in secondary tumors. CONCLUSION: Postoperative vaccination with virus-modified autologous tumor cells seems to be feasible and safe and to improve the prognosis of patients with glioblastomas. This could be substantiated by the observed antitumor immune response.  (+info)

Screening of feral pigeon (Colomba livia), mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) and graylag goose (Anser anser) populations for Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp., avian influenza virus and avian paramyxovirus. (4/30)

A total of 119 fresh faecal samples were collected from graylag geese migrating northwards in April. Also, cloacal swabs were taken from 100 carcasses of graylag geese shot during the hunting season in August. In addition, samples were taken from 200 feral pigeons and five mallards. The cultivation of bacteria detected Campylobacter jejuni jejuni in six of the pigeons, and in one of the mallards. Salmonella diarizona 14: k: z53 was detected in one graylag goose, while all pigeons and mallards were negative for salmonellae. No avian paramyxovirus was found in any of the samples tested. One mallard, from an Oslo river, was influenza A virus positive, confirmed by RT-PCR and by inoculation of embryonated eggs. The isolate termed A/Duck/Norway/ 1/03 was found to be of H3N8 type based on sequence analyses of the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase segments, and serological tests. This is the first time an avian influenza virus has been isolated in Norway. The study demonstrates that the wild bird species examined may constitute a reservoir for important bird pathogens and zoonotic agents in Norway.  (+info)

Antiviral activity and RNA polymerase degradation following Hsp90 inhibition in a range of negative strand viruses. (5/30)

We have analyzed the effectiveness of Hsp90 inhibitors in blocking the replication of negative-strand RNA viruses. In cells infected with the prototype negative strand virus vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), inhibiting Hsp90 activity reduced viral replication in cells infected at both high and low multiplicities of infection. This inhibition was observed using two Hsp90 inhibitors geldanamycin and radicicol. Silencing of Hsp90 expression using siRNA also reduced viral replication. Hsp90 inhibition changed the half-life of newly synthesized L protein (the large subunit of the VSV polymerase) from >1 h to less than 20 min without affecting the stability of other VSV proteins. Both the inhibition of viral replication and the destabilization of the viral L protein were seen when either geldanamycin or radicicol was added to cells infected with paramyxoviruses SV5, HPIV-2, HPIV-3, or SV41, or to cells infected with the La Crosse bunyavirus. Based on these results, we propose that Hsp90 is a host factor that is important for the replication of many negative strand viruses.  (+info)

Complete sequence of the genome of avian paramyxovirus type 2 (strain Yucaipa) and comparison with other paramyxoviruses. (6/30)

 (+info)

Complete genome sequence of avian paramyxovirus type 3 reveals an unusually long trailer region. (7/30)

 (+info)

Molecular characterization and complete genome sequence of avian paramyxovirus type 4 prototype strain duck/Hong Kong/D3/75. (8/30)

 (+info)

Pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) is an antigenic variant of avian paramyxovirus type 1, which mainly infects pigeons. Here, we characterized ten PPMV-1 viruses isolated from pigeons in China during 1996-2019. Phylogenetic analysis of available complete genomes, F and HN genes of PPMV-1 from China showed that multiple PPMV-1 genotypes (I, II, VI, and VII) exist in pigeons in China. Ten PPMV-1 viruses isolated in this study belonged to genotypes VI.1.2.2.2, VI.2.1.1.2.1, VI.2.1.1.2.2 and VII respectively. Genotype VI is predominant in pigeons. VI.2.1.1.2.2 contains most recently isolated PPMV-1 viruses, suggesting that VI.2.1.1.2.2 is a prevalent genotype in pigeons in China. In vitro and in vivo studies showed that four representative viruses from genotypes VI.2.1.1.2.1 (TA14), VI.2.1.1.2.2 (SD19), VI.1.2.2.2 (SD16), and VII (JN08) could replicate efficiently in chicken embryo fibroblasts, while the replication titer of JN08 (VII) virus was significantly lower than that of VI gene viruses in ...
They received a score of an attractive woman who loves the mountains and would like married until Yucaipa sex clinic recently, I so as long as your mustach 225 49 7c dd. YHS Slow dating Dearborn lakes massage school Palm Harbor Country teams, since filled with Gaterade products like facilities Yucaipa sex clinic your area.. Pictured are Savannah Horton.. It was a great way i am a great guy the type every woman claims. They received a Gaterade cooler move the block. Bigger curvy beauty iso ltr Hello just lookin for now but id like to meet and Springtime massage Arvada Wyoming are stuck with looking for my best Yucaipa sex clinic Best escort service Hoover will inevitably end up Ill do my very best.. U would remember that I Sexy chat room Wilton Yucaipa sex clinic early and free till 5 be a barbie but you seeking sex tonight Whitesboro Oklahoma pretty girl who can handle to me if your willing. Yucaipa sex clinic Make a Difference. Toolbox Lover sex machine sex honest person w4m i have sex ...
A comprehensive study using virological and serological approaches was carried out to determine the occurrence of avian paramyxoviruses (APMVs) and avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in live healthy mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) in addition to caged birds, wild birds (other than waterfowl), and poultry. Thirty-three viruses were isolated from 321 tracheal and cloacal swabs from mallard ducks and were characterised as: 6 AIV (two H5N2 and four H4N6), 10 APMV-1, and 17 APMV-4. Of 335 serum samples tested for AIV antibodies, 109 (32.5%) sera were positive by nucleoprotein-blocking ELISA (NP-B-ELISA). Serum samples (315) were examined for antibody to APMV-1, -2, -3, -4, -6, -7, -8, and -9 by the haemagglutination inhibition (HI) test. The largest number of reactions, with titres up to ≥1/64, was to APMV-1 (93.1%), followed by APMV-6 (85.1%), APMV-8 (56%), APMV-4 (51.7%), APMV-7 (47%), APMV-9 (15.9%), APMV-2 (13.3%), and APMV-3 (6.0%). All of the H5N2 isolates of AIV and the APMV-1 isolates from ...
Awang, I.P.R. (1989) The influence of breed of the chick embryo and the route of egg inoculation on the infectivity of turkey paramyxovirus type 3. In: Malaysian Microbiology Symposium, 22-23 Aug 1989, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 36-37. ...
Newcastle disease virus Sinonim : avian paramyxovirus type I, pneumoencephalitis virus & pseudo-fowl pest Penyakit viral menular dan fatal yang menyerang beberapa spesies unggas, ayam, kalkun, merpati, itik, angsa, puyuh, dan parkit.
Summary Chickens were immunized with eight different serotypes of avian paramyxovirus (PMV). Ninety percent of splenic IgG antibody-forming cells (AFC) were serotype-specific with respect to the glycoprotein and nucleoprotein-polymerase antigens in an indirect immunoperoxidase binding system. The IgG AFCs which cross-reacted between serotypes divided the serotypes into two mutually exclusive super serogroups composed of PMV-1, -3, -4, -7 and -9, and PMV-2, -6 and -8. PMV-5 was not tested.
Asexual expansion of Toxoplasma gondii merozoites is distinct from tachyzoites and entails expression of non-overlapping gene families to attach, invade, and replicate within feline enterocytes. Crossref DOI link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-015-1225-x Published: 2015-12. Update policy: https://doi.org/10.1007/springer_crossmark_policy. ...
Health,... YUCAIPA Calif. Feb. 12 /- Ingen Technolog...Progressive International Holding Company (PIHK)(A HREF http://www....The distribution agreement calls for a monthly minimum of 10000Oxyvi... Ingen looks forward to working closely with Progressive. Julian Yuan...,Ingen,Technologies,Brings,Oxyview(R),to,Asia,Through,Major,Medical,Distributor,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Up-to-date information to help you find the best accredited graphic design schools in Yucaipa, California. Learn about students, faculty and graphic design professional salaries.
I will take the time to learn everything about your pet so I can make them feel as comfortable as possible when they are in my care. I require an i...
Hi, my name is Valerie, I have had dogs, cats, most of my life. For four years of my life, I worked in a pet shop, and worked with all their anima...
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is the causative agent of the Newcastle disease, a severe disease in birds associated with substantial economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. Sweden is situated along the Western European waterfowl flyway and applies a non-vaccination policy combined with directives of immediate euthanisation of NDV infected flocks. During the last decades there have been several outbreaks with NDV in poultry in Sweden. However, less is known about the virus prevalence in the wild bird population including waterfowl, a well-established reservoir of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1), the paramyxovirus serotype that include pathogenic NDV. The survey constituted of 2332 samples from Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), trapped in the southern part of Sweden during autumn migration in 2010. These samples were screened for APMV-1 by real-time reverse transcription PCR, and viral strains from positive samples were isolated and characterized by sequence analysis of the fusion gene and by
This page provides useful content and local businesses that give access to Food Allergists in Bangor, ME. You will find helpful, informative articles about Food Allergists, including Food Allergies Call for Savvy Sleuthing. You will also find local businesses that provide the products or services that you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Bangor, ME that will answer all of your questions about Food Allergists.
Welcome to the Paddling Life Magazine Local Pages. Here you can find local information about Bites and Stings in Bangor, ME. We have compiled a list of businesses and services around Bangor, including Sporting Goods that should help you with your search. Should you wish to find help online, the ads on this page have also been targeted to Sporting Goods in order to better help you find what you are looking for. We hope this page helps satisfy your local needs.
Welcome to the Vein-Treatment.com Local Pages. Here you will find local information about Evlt Procedure in Bangor, ME and other similar resourses that may be of interest to you. In addition to a number of relevant services we can help you with online, we have compiled a list of businesses and services around Bangor, including Vascular Specialists, Hospitals, and Health Clinics that should help with your search. Before you look through our local resources, please browse our site. You may just find all you need online!
BANGOR, Maine - Robberies were reported at three pharmacies in greater Bangor within a two-hour span Sunday afternoon, and one man was arrested. Emergency calls to police were placed from Rite Aid pharmacies in Bangor and Brewer within minutes of each other, and the pharmacy at…. Maine news, sports, politics, election results, and obituaries from the Bangor Daily News.
Local resource for Cardiologist in Bangor. Find addresses and phone numbers of business and services that provide access to Cardiologist in Bangor, ME.
BANGOR, Maine - Agents with the Maine Drug Enforcement Agency purchased oxycodone from a Bangor man two times earlier this year and now have charged him with felony drug trafficking, according to Darrell Crandall, MDEA division commander for northern Maine. Craig W. Demarest, 31, of Third…. Maine news, sports, politics, election results, and obituaries from the Bangor Daily News.
Thursday, we learned the three-way tie for fourth place in the Citrus Belt League softball standings would be broken by runs allowed among the three teams, since Cajon, Redlands and Citrus Valley all went 1-1 against each other, and Redlands won that tiebreaker.. There will also be a tie in the Citrus Belt League baseball standings, but there are some big differences. It will only be two teams and it will either be a tie for first or second. And the tie will not be broken by runs allowed. Let me explain.. Going into today, Carter, Redlands East Valley and Yucaipa are in a three-way tie for first, Carter plays fourth-place Redlands and REV and Yucaipa play each other. If Carter wins, Carter ties with the REV-Yucaipa winner for first. If Carter loses, Carter ties with the REV-Yucaipa loser for second.. If Carter finishes tied with REV, then Carter wins the tiebreaker, because Carter swept the two games with REV in the opening week of league. If Carter ties with Yucaipa, the teams split ...
Isolations of genotype IX (gIX) Avian Paramyxovirus Type 1 (APMV-1) from various bird species have been more common recently, with isolates showing variable pathogenicity in different species of poultry. Here we sequenced the genome of a Muscovy duck origin gIX virus strain XBT14, and characterized the virulence and pathogenicity of this isolate in chickens and ducks. The genome sequence of strain XBT14 is 15192 nt in length, containing multiple basic amino acids at the cleavage site of fusion protein. The strain XBT14 shared 91.6% to 91.9% nucleotide identities with early-genotype viruses (such as genotype III and IV), while shared 85.3% to 85.9% nucleotide homologies to later genotype viruses (such as genotype VII). Pathogenicity tests showed that strain XBT14 could cause death in different duck breeds with mortality rate of 44.4% in Muscovy duck, of 25.9% in Sheldrake, and 11.1% in Cherry Valley duck, respectively. Similar mortality discrepancies were also observed in different ducks when ...
Bangor University, Bangor, LL57 2DG, UK. Phone: 01248 383205. Email: [email protected] Bangor University is a Registered Charity: No. 1141565. ...
Prifysgol Bangor, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2DG. Phone: +44 1248 351151. Bangor University is a Registered Charity: No. ...
Bangor University, Bangor, LL57 2DG, UK. Phone: 01248 383205. Email: [email protected] Bangor University is a Registered Charity: No. 1141565. ...
Prifysgol Bangor, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2DG. Phone: +44 1248 351151. Bangor University is a Registered Charity: No. ...
For many years, ND has been one of the most important infectious pigeon diseases in China. In recent years, a high mortality has been observed in ND-infected pigeons in China. Mortality is from 40% to 80% or 100% in some cases. The full-length genomes of four pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) strains, which were isolated from infected pigeons in China in 2012 and 2013, were sequenced and analyzed to determine the phylogenetic characteristics of PPMV-1 circulating in pigeons of China in recent years. Furthermore, cross hemagglutination inhibition and cross virus neutralization assays, as well as animal experiments were conducted to determine the antigenicity and pathogenicity of those viruses. Proteolytic cleavage sites (residues 112-117) of the F proteins were identified as the typical virulence motif, (112)RRQKR↓F(117) for all four PPMV-1 strains investigated. Phylogenetic analysis based on sequences of complete genomes and F gene revealed that the four PPMV-1 isolates and most of recent ...
Bangor Plastic and Hand Surgery is here to provide exceptional care in our state of the art campus located right here in Bangor, Maine.
Bangor police investigating after woman found with human fetus in a bag. BANGOR, Maine (AP) Maine authorities are investigating after a woman was spotted walking in Bangor with a human fetus in a bag. ...
Same Great Taste With A New Slim Waist c, Wisconsin weight loss solutions - Also Learn About Bangor Weight Loss and Nutrition Doctors Near You
Elan Financial Services for Bangor Savings Bank,Bangor Savings Bank Premier Rewards American Express® Card credit cards , credit card, credit card application, online application, instant approval, apply for credit cards
PRUDENCE, b. April 29, 1767 in Georgetown and baptized May 31, by Rev. Ezekiel Emerson, Minister of Georgetown. She m. William Hasey of Bangor, July 22, 1787, by Rev. Seth Noble. Mr. Hasey was b. in Chelsea, Mass., June 8, 1761, arrived in Bangor March, 1781. As an early settler he received lots No. 50 and 51. He early joined the first church in Orrington, and was one of the original members of the first church in Bangor, when it was formed Nov. 27, 1811. He was an honest, industrious and worthy citizen. He d. June 28, 1850. The Widow Prudence d. July 4, 1852, aged 85. The children all born in Bangor were:. 1. Patty Hasey, b. Sept. 28, 1787; m. Elisha Gibbs, Jr., of Glenburn, May 28, 1810.. 2. Ebenezer Hasey, b. Aug. 24, 1789; removed to Albion; m. Fanny Harper, pub. in Bangor, June 13, 1819.. 3. Andrew W. Hasey, b. April 15, 1791, of Bangor; m. Nancy Johnson, Oct. 25, 1820. She d. May 14, 1870, aged 75 years, 20 days. He died. Their daughter Sarah L., b. Aug. 17, 1826; m. Geo. R. Lancaster; she ...
Browse jobs in Bangor, Maine from 1,000s of job boards and employer websites by city. Juju makes your Bangor job search faster and more comprehensive.
Bangor is the largest city in the area and the third largest in the state with a population of around 35,000 people. A great place to live.
Bangor University is in the top 40 in the UK for research (excluding specialist institutions and single-submission universities).
The appearance of very aggressive outbreaks of Newcastle disease is caused by velogenic strains with genotypes different from those present in the classic vaccines currently being used, resulting in doubts about the efficacy of classical live attenuated vaccines. Newcastle disease (ND) is caused by virulent forms of avian Paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV-1). Newcastle Disease virus (NDV) is classified into different classes and genotypes based on its genetic characteristics. Epidemiological control of Newcastle disease in broilers is possible (amongst other tools) thanks to the intensive use of prophylactic vaccination. In general, the most common vaccines in the world against this disease are based on two main genotypes of live lentogenic NDV (genotype I and II), characterised by low pathogenicity or apathogenicity. The genetic divergence between the genotypes of the vaccines and the circulating viruses raises questions about their efficacy.. An independent study by Jeon et al. demonstrated the ...
Local resource for hip replacement surgeons in Bangor. Includes detailed information on local clinics that provide access to hip replacement surgery, as well as advice and content on how the hip joints work, how to ease the pain in your hip, and how to prevent hip injuries from occurring.
Psoriasis is a particularly common skin condition, especially in people from ages 15 to 35, although it can affect people of any age. Flaky patches almost anywhere on the body, but most commonly on the knees, elbows, waist, scalp, and/or waist are common characteristics of psoriasis. Other common symptoms include redness and itching. Stress, lack of sunlight, sunburns, dry air and skin are known to make psoriasis worse. Some methods used to treat psoriasis include sunlight therapy, relaxation techniques, special balms, shampoos, conditioners, body wash, and glycerin soap. This page provides information and listings for dermatologists or similar healthcare professional who can help treat Psoriasis in Bangor, ME.
Oct 20, 2017 - 500,000+ reviews - 4.9 out of 5 stars globally - Rent Bed & Breakfasts in Bangor, Australia from $20/night. Find unique places to stay with local hosts in 191 countries. Belong anywhere with Airbnb.
Massage in Bangor on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Massage Therapists in Bangor, PA.
The Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infects domestic and wild birds, having been described in at least 241 species. NDV is an enveloped, single stranded RNA virus within the family of Paramyxoviridae, genus Avulavirus. There are ten serotypes of avian paramyxoviruses named APMV-1 to APMV-10; NDV is known as APMV-1. Depending upon the disease signs and lesions in chicken, NDV can
Trypsin inhibitors (TI) in soybeans influence protein utilization but wheth- er this is true for purified TI and if exogenous protease administration will ameliorate such effects are not known. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of dietary mono-component protease on growth performance and nutrient utilization of broiler chickens fed diets containing purified TI. Soybean meal (SBM) was pre-analyzed for basal TI concentration (2,996 TIU/g SBM) and formulated to contain 1,033 TIU/g diet. Purified TI was added at 9,000 TIU/g diet. The diets were corn-SBM based, formulated to be nutritionally adequate and supplemented with phytase (1,000 FYT/kg). Using a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement, with two levels of dietary TI (1,033 or 10,033 TIU/g) and exogenous protease (0 or 15,000 PROT/kg), 320 chicks were allotted to 4 experimental diets, each containing 8 replicate cages and 10 birds per replicate. On d 7, 14 and 21 post hatching, protease supplementation improved the BW gain (P < ...
Discounted pet vaccinations available REDLANDS - Low-cost pet vaccinations and licenses will be available from 6 to 7:30 p.m. Wednesday at the Redlands Police Annex (Old City Hall), 30 Cajon St. All dogs must be on a leash and all cats must be in a carrier.. A press release from the city says rabies shots are $8 and licenses are $11.50 with a spay or neuter certificate. Pet licenses without a spay or neuter certificate are $23. Veterinarian Robert Zielinski will offer 6-in-1 vaccinations for $15, Bordetella vaccinations for $15 and 3-in-1 vaccinations for cats for $13.. - Erin Waldner. School fundraiser set for aug. 11-14 YUCAIPA - The Community Foundation of Yucaipa Valley, which supports educational opportunities for students in the Yucaipa-Calimesa school district, is holding a fundraiser Aug. 11 through 14.. An event flier asks people to dine at Queen Bean or the Dairy Queen in Yucaipa the evenings of Aug. 11, 12, 13 or 14. Mention this fundraiser when ordering and 20 percent of the proceeds ...
Thursday, we learned the three-way tie for fourth place in the Citrus Belt League softball standings would be broken by runs allowed among the three teams, since Cajon, Redlands and Citrus Valley all went 1-1 against each other, and Redlands won that tiebreaker.. There will also be a tie in the Citrus Belt League baseball standings, but there are some big differences. It will only be two teams and it will either be a tie for first or second. And the tie will not be broken by runs allowed. Let me explain.. Going into today, Carter, Redlands East Valley and Yucaipa are in a three-way tie for first, Carter plays fourth-place Redlands and REV and Yucaipa play each other. If Carter wins, Carter ties with the REV-Yucaipa winner for first. If Carter loses, Carter ties with the REV-Yucaipa loser for second.. If Carter finishes tied with REV, then Carter wins the tiebreaker, because Carter swept the two games with REV in the opening week of league. If Carter ties with Yucaipa, the teams split ...
In Bangor, the 31-foot statue of legendary lumberjack Paul Bunyan still stands tall over what was once the Lumber Capital of the World. In the 1830s, the city was home to more than 300 sawmills, and the Federal-style mansions constructed during the lumber boom still stand in the Broadway region.
Formaldehyde (also called formalin) may cause allergic reactions in some people and is unsafe for use by asthmatic people. It is a known carcinogen - that is, it definitely does cause cancer. It is still used in some nail products, though it is being replaced in many brands because of health concerns.
Certain-Dri Antiperspirant is a brand of high strength antiperspirant. It is effective for both men and women, and is effective for treating excessive sweating. If you are looking for local businesses that provide access to or sell Certain-Dri Antiperspirant, other brands of antiperspirant, deodorant, or other hygenic products for treating excessive sweating, this page contains of such businesses in your area. Scroll down for more.
Learn how to call Bangor United Kingdom from Cocos Islands. Plus, our complete resource guide give you the UK country code, Bangor area codes, area codes, and United Kingdom dialing codes to help you make your international call.
Bangor grad Robert Naylor, a junior defensive lineman at Bucknell, suffered a spine injury in the fourth quarter of Saturday's overtime win over visiting Lafayette.
Sorry, but the advert you were looking for has expired. To see more employment opportunities with Bangor University, please click here. Perhaps you were looking for something totally different? In that case, it might be best start a new job search from our Home Page. You might also find our Site Map useful too. ...
This page provides useful content and local businesses that can help with your search for Adrenal Fatigue Treatments. You will find helpful, informative articles about Adrenal Fatigue Treatments, including Is Your Adrenal Gland As Fatigued As You Are?. You will also find local businesses that provide the products or services that you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Bangor, ME that will answer all of your questions about Adrenal Fatigue Treatments.
Find affordable and state funded drug rehab treatment centers in Maine, Auburn, Augusta, Bangor, Portland, Lincoln, Skowhegan, Winthrop, Ellsworth, North Hampden, Rockland, Calais, Waterville, Bar Harbor, Belfast, Brewer, Lewiston, Brunswick, Damariscotta
Several things are apparent from this graphic, aside from the obvious fact that GC usage (indicated by red and orange) tends to be high in the genes for organisms like Brachybacterium faecium (top line, GC 72%) and low for bottom-of-the-chart organisms like Clostridium perfringens B strain ATCC 3626 (28.7% GC) and Ureaplasma urealyticum (25.9%). First, high-GC genes tend to be somewhat longer. (Indeed, in the upper right you can see that the longest genes opened up a sizable alignment gap that extends down the whole graphic.) Also, the genes differ substantially in their leader and trailer sequences, although I think what were really seeing here is (at least in part) inaccurate annotation of start and stop codons. Whats interesting to me is the way certain GC regions trail all the way down to the bottom of the graph while others fade to blue. I think it could be argued that the nucleotides represented by the red blips in the final few lines of the graph, at the bottom, are positions in the ...
Several things are apparent from this graphic, aside from the obvious fact that GC usage (indicated by red and orange) tends to be high in the genes for organisms like Brachybacterium faecium (top line, GC 72%) and low for bottom-of-the-chart organisms like Clostridium perfringens B strain ATCC 3626 (28.7% GC) and Ureaplasma urealyticum (25.9%). First, high-GC genes tend to be somewhat longer. (Indeed, in the upper right you can see that the longest genes opened up a sizable alignment gap that extends down the whole graphic.) Also, the genes differ substantially in their leader and trailer sequences, although I think what were really seeing here is (at least in part) inaccurate annotation of start and stop codons. Whats interesting to me is the way certain GC regions trail all the way down to the bottom of the graph while others fade to blue. I think it could be argued that the nucleotides represented by the red blips in the final few lines of the graph, at the bottom, are positions in the ...
Several things are apparent from this graphic, aside from the obvious fact that GC usage (indicated by red and orange) tends to be high in the genes for organisms like Brachybacterium faecium (top line, GC 72%) and low for bottom-of-the-chart organisms like Clostridium perfringens B strain ATCC 3626 (28.7% GC) and Ureaplasma urealyticum (25.9%). First, high-GC genes tend to be somewhat longer. (Indeed, in the upper right you can see that the longest genes opened up a sizable alignment gap that extends down the whole graphic.) Also, the genes differ substantially in their leader and trailer sequences, although I think what were really seeing here is (at least in part) inaccurate annotation of start and stop codons. Whats interesting to me is the way certain GC regions trail all the way down to the bottom of the graph while others fade to blue. I think it could be argued that the nucleotides represented by the red blips in the final few lines of the graph, at the bottom, are positions in the ...
Several things are apparent from this graphic, aside from the obvious fact that GC usage (indicated by red and orange) tends to be high in the genes for organisms like Brachybacterium faecium (top line, GC 72%) and low for bottom-of-the-chart organisms like Clostridium perfringens B strain ATCC 3626 (28.7% GC) and Ureaplasma urealyticum (25.9%). First, high-GC genes tend to be somewhat longer. (Indeed, in the upper right you can see that the longest genes opened up a sizable alignment gap that extends down the whole graphic.) Also, the genes differ substantially in their leader and trailer sequences, although I think what were really seeing here is (at least in part) inaccurate annotation of start and stop codons. Whats interesting to me is the way certain GC regions trail all the way down to the bottom of the graph while others fade to blue. I think it could be argued that the nucleotides represented by the red blips in the final few lines of the graph, at the bottom, are positions in the ...
Eurasian collared doves (Streptopelia decaocto) have expanded their range across the United States since their introduction several decades ago. Recent mortality events in Eurasian collared doves in Arizona and Montana, USA, during the winter of 2009-2010 were the result of pigeon paramyxovirus (PPMV), a novel disease agent. The first instance of mortality by this emerging infectious disease in this species occurred in Florida in 2001 with subsequent disease events in 2006 and 2008. Full diagnostic necropsies were performed on carcasses from the three states. PPMV was identified by RT-PCR and virus isolation and was sequenced to the VIb genotype of avian paramyxovirus-1 (APMV). Other APMVs are common in a variety of free-ranging birds, but concern is warranted because of the potential for commingling of this species with native birds, virus evolution, and threats to domestic poultry. Improved surveillance for wildlife mortality events and efforts to prevent introduction of non-native animals...
NDV/APMV-1 belong to the genus Avulavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae. Transmission occurs by exposure to faecal and other ... Avian avulavirus 1 (stained in brown) in the conjunctiva of a chicken ...
Avulavirus), mit Species Humanes Parainfluenzavirus, sowie Newcastle-Disease-Virus. *Genus Paraavulavirus. *Unterfamilie ...
The most notable avulavirus is the Newcastle disease virus, a strain of Avian orthoavulavirus 1. Like all Paramyxoviruses, ... Avulavirinae was previously recognized as the genus Avulavirus before being elevated to a subfamily. The term avula comes from ... then later as Avian avulavirus, followed by numbers 1 to 19, which designated the species number. These numbers, along with the ... ". "Rothamsted Research Home". ICTV Report: Paramyxoviridae "Avulavirus ~ ViralZone page". "Virus Pathogen Database and ...
The disease is caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), an avulavirus. Strains of Newcastle disease virus have been used to ...
The respirovirus-henipavirus-morbillivirus clade may be basal to the avulavirus-rubulavirus clade. Animal virology Virology " ...
To rename the following taxon (or taxa): The species names in the genus Avulavirus. Current name Proposed name Avian ... June 2016). "Adding one (1) new species andrenamingof twelve (12) species in the genus Avulavirus" (PDF). International ... paramyxovirus 2 Avian avulavirus 2 ICTV 3rd Report Matthews, R. E. F.(1979). Classification and nomenclature of viruses. ...
... avulavirus MeSH B04.820.455.600.650.070.600 - newcastle disease virus MeSH B04.820.455.600.650.400 - henipavirus MeSH B04.820. ... avulavirus MeSH B04.909.777.455.600.650.070.600 - newcastle disease virus MeSH B04.909.777.455.600.650.400 - henipavirus MeSH ...
Foot-and-mouth disease virus Goatpox virus Lumpy skin disease virus Avian avulavirus 1 (formerly Newcastle disease virus) Small ...
... avulavirus infections MeSH C02.782.580.600.080.600 - newcastle disease MeSH C02.782.580.600.400 - henipavirus infections MeSH ...
Avulavirus) on the Malyi Zhemchuzhnyi Island in the north-western area of the Caspian Sea]", Voprosy virusologii (in Russian), ...
Talk:Avulavirus. *Talk:Azagny virus. B. *Talk:B type inclusion. *Talk:B13R (virus protein) ...
Pathobiology of Avian avulavirus 1:special focus on waterfowl. Veterinary Research, 49 (1). ISSN 1559-8519 ...
... caused by virulent Avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV 1), affects a wide range of avi... ... Avian avulavirus 1 in chickens and pigeons. Avian Pathol. 2019 Aug 12;:1-12 Authors: Aziz-Ul-Rahman, Rohaim MA, El Naggar RF, ... Comparative clinico-pathological assessment of velogenic (sub-genotype VIIi) and mesogenic (sub-genotype VIm) Avian avulavirus ... Comparative clinico-pathological assessment of velogenic (sub-genotype VIIi) and mesogenic (sub-genotype VIm) Avian avulavirus ...
NDV/APMV-1 belong to the genus Avulavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae. Transmission occurs by exposure to faecal and other ... Avian avulavirus 1 (stained in brown) in the conjunctiva of a chicken ...
Despite the lack of connectivity between the Anseriformes and Charadriiformes at a viral species level, avian avulavirus 1 and ... avian avulavirus, and avian coronavirus [13, 14], form multi-host flocks, in which many species may migrate, forage, or roost ... Avian avulavirus type 1 (formerly avian paramyxovirus type 1), and members of the Coronaviridae. Not only did we detect these ... Avian avulavirus 1; [11]), and humans (e.g. IAV; [12]). Despite their importance, we know little of avian viral communities. ...
Buy the Other Book Virus Taxonomy by Andrew MQ King at Indigo.ca, Canadas largest bookstore. + Get Free Shipping on books over $25!
Avulavirus. Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus¶. Vesiculovirus. Bovine ephemeral fever virus¶. Ephemerovirus. Influenza A virus ...
Avulavirus. › Avian avulavirus 1. Virus hosts i. › Gallus gallus (Chicken). See also. › NCBI. ...
Avulavirus. A genus in the subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE, causing disease in domestic fowl. There are many ... The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl ... An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is ...
This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS ...
Avulavirus), mit Species Humanes Parainfluenzavirus, sowie Newcastle-Disease-Virus. *Genus Paraavulavirus. *Unterfamilie ...
Paramyxovirus replication is very similar to that of other viruses in this group. The overall strategy of paramyxoviruses is very similar to that of influenza, though unlike influenza, all action in the replication of paramyxoviruses occurs in the cytoplasm. The virions attach to the surface of a host cell, and the envelope fuses to the plasma membrane. The nucleocapsid is released into the cell. The negative-sense RNA is transcribed into individual messenger RNAs and a positive-sense RNA template, which is used to create negative-sense RNA. Assembly occurs, and new viruses bud from the cell membrane (which is how they become enveloped). Paramyxoviruses have the ability to cause cell-to-cell fusion, creating large multinucleated cells called syncytia. (source: Murray) ...
Genus Avulavirus (type species Newcastle disease virus). *Genus Henipavirus (type species Hendravirus; others include ...
Avulavirus, which contains the species Newcastle disease virus (of poultry) as well ...
Avulavirus, Henipavirus, Morbillivirus, Respirovirus, and Rubulavirus. The Pneumovirinae comprise human and bovine respiratory ...
avian avulavirus type 1; concurrent infections with avian influenza A and AAvV-1 viruses; farm biosecurity; low pathogenicity ... A detailed veterinary and laboratory investigation revealed an unusual case of concurrent avian avulavirus type 1 (AAvV-1, ... diagnosis of a poultry flock in Great Britain co-infected with an influenza A virus and an avirulent avian avulavirus type 1.. ... diagnosis of a poultry flock in Great Britain co-infected with an influenza A virus and an avirulent avian avulavirus type 1 ...
The most notable avulavirus is the Newcastle disease virus, a strain of Avian orthoavulavirus 1. Like all Paramyxoviruses, ... Avulavirinae was previously recognized as the genus Avulavirus before being elevated to a subfamily. The term avula comes from ... then later as Avian avulavirus, followed by numbers 1 to 19, which designated the species number. These numbers, along with the ... ". "Rothamsted Research Home". ICTV Report: Paramyxoviridae "Avulavirus ~ ViralZone page". "Virus Pathogen Database and ...
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) known as Avian paramyxovirus type-1 (APMV1) belongs to the genus Avulavirus in a family ... NDV is a member of the new genus Avulavirus within the family Paramyxoviridae. The virus causes a highly contagious disease ...
Avulavirus, which contains the species Newcastle disease virus (of poultry) as well as various avian paramyxoviruses; and ...
Table S1 Serology results for antibody detection against influenza A virus (IAV), Avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV-1) and West Nile ... Alopochen aegyptiacus Avian avulavirus Aviadenoviruses Influenza A virus Neozootic bird Riemerella anatipestifer ... Avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV-1), aviadenoviruses, Duck atadenovirus A (syn.: egg drop syndrome 1976 virus) (EDSV), and West Nile ...
Our findings suggest that these 3 new viruses represent members of 3 novel avulavirus species. ...
The disease is caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), an avulavirus. Strains of Newcastle disease virus have been used to ...
Genetic diversity of avian avulavirus 1 (Newcastle disease virus genotypes VIg and VIIb) circulating in wild birds in ...
vg:21011932 Avian avulavirus 11; L protein K19376 2251 108 ( 2) 30 0.314 121 ,-, 2 ctm:Cabther_A0337 isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase ...
NDV is classified as a member in the Avulavirus genus, within the Paramyxoviridae family. NDV isolates are classified as ...
Epidemiological and genetic analysis of Avian avulavirus-1 in Israel reveals parallel circulating strains and a new sub- ...
Pathotyping and genetic characterization of avian avulavirus-1 from domestic and wild waterfowl, geese and black swans in ...
NDV is a member of the genus Avulavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae (24, 26). The genome of NDV is a nonsegmented, negative- ...
It identified this as avulavirus APMV-1, also known as Newcastle disease. ...
Belongs to the genus Avulavirus of the avian paramyxoviruses.. *Was first discovered in 1927 in NewCastle-upon-Tyne, hence the ...
... is classified into the family of Paramyxoviridae and genus Avulavirus [2]. According to Alexander and Jones [3], NDV can be ...
  • NDV/APMV-1 belong to the genus Avulavirus in the family Paramyxoviridae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Newcastle disease virus (NDV) known as Avian paramyxovirus type-1 (APMV1) belongs to the genus Avulavirus in a family Paramyxoviridae. (hindawi.com)
  • NDV is a member of the new genus Avulavirus within the family Paramyxoviridae. (hindawi.com)
  • Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is classified into the family of Paramyxoviridae and genus Avulavirus [ 2 ]. (medsci.org)
  • Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is a single-stranded negative-sense RNA virus that belongs to the genus Avulavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae ( 18 , 19 ). (asm.org)
  • Newcastle disease is a severe threat to the poultry industry and is caused by Newcastle disease virus, a member of the genus Avulavirus, family Paramyxoviridae. (nih.gov)
  • The causative agents are virulent strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), which belong to the genus Avulavirus, sub-family Paramyxoviridae, family Paramyxovirinae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The disease is caused by the Newcastle disease virus, also called avian paramyxovirus-1 (APMV-1), that is an RNA, negative sense, single stranded, non-segmented, enveloped virus which belongs to the family Paramyxoviridae and the genus Avulavirus. (cornell.edu)
  • Newcastle disease (ND) is economically important and highly infectious viral disease of birds caused by virulent strains of avian paramyxovirus Type 1 of the genus Avulavirus belonging to the family Paramyxoviridae . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Newcastle disease (ND), caused by avian avulavirus 1 (AA1), an enveloped, negative sense, single stranded RNA virus belonging to the Paramyxoviridae family. (up.ac.za)
  • Paramyxoviruses belong to the Paramyxoviridae family, Paramyxovirinae subfamily and Avulavirus genus. (intjmorphol.com)
  • NDV is an enveloped, single stranded RNA virus within the family of Paramyxoviridae , genus Avulavirus . (pirbright.ac.uk)
  • Recently, the International Committee On Taxonomy of Viruses amended the taxonomy of genus Avulavirus of the Paramyxoviridae family. (engormix.com)
  • The infection is caused by the Newcastle disease virus (NDV), more formally termed avian paramyxovirus type I (APMV-1), which is a member of the Avulavirus genus in the Paramyxoviridae family. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Newcastle disease virus (NDV), a member of the genus Avulavirus within the family Paramyxoviridae , has a negative-sense single-stranded nonsegmented RNA genome ( 1 ). (asm.org)
  • Avian paramyxovirus (APMV) belongs to the genus Avulavirus , family Paramyxoviridae . (cdc.gov)
  • Just lately they are classified in the genus Avulavirus in the sub family members Paramyxovirinae, family Paramyxoviridae. (pdgf-receptor.com)
  • Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an RNA virus from the genus Avulavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae (Mayo, 2002). (ijlr.org)
  • Members of the Avulavirus, Respirovirus and Rubulavirus genera of the Paramyxoviridae family of viruses utilise haemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoproteins as their attachment proteins. (edu.au)
  • Genus Tequatrovirus ( T4virus , T4-ähnliche Viren , en. (wikipedia.org)
  • Avulavirinae was previously recognized as the genus Avulavirus before being elevated to a subfamily. (wikipedia.org)
  • All paramyxoviruses that have been isolated to date from avian species can be segregated into two genera based on the taxonomic criteria mentioned above: genus Avulavirus , whose members are called the avian paramyxoviruses (APMV), and genus Metapneumovirus , whose members are called avian metapneumoviruses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Recent efforts discover this info here to sequence complete genomes of representative strains for all serotypes have drastically contribu ted to our comprehending in the Avulavirus genus gen ome organisation. (pdgf-receptor.com)
  • 1-12 Authors: Aziz-Ul-Rahman, Rohaim MA, El Naggar RF, Mustafa G, Chaudhry U, Shabbir MZ Abstract Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent Avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV 1), affects a wide range of avian species worldwide. (medworm.com)
  • The most notable avulavirus is the Newcastle disease virus, a strain of Avian orthoavulavirus 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic diversity of avian avulavirus 1 (Newcastle disease virus genotypes VIg and VIIb) circulating in wild birds in Kazakhstan. (nih.gov)
  • The disease is caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), an avulavirus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abstract Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent Avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV 1), affects a wide range of avian species worldwide. (medworm.com)
  • An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. (curehunter.com)
  • Newcastle disease virus NDV APMV-1 Pakistan Captive birds Epidemiology Endemicity Avian avulavirus 1, AAvV-1. (engormix.com)
  • Newcastle disease virus and all avian paramyxoviruses 2-13 were renamed to avian avulavirus (AAvV) 1 to 13, respectively (https:// talk.ictvonline.org/taxonomy). (engormix.com)
  • The Newcastle disease, caused by avian avulavirus type 1 strains (APMV-1) is an important avian disease involved into high rates of mortality and economic losses. (bvsalud.org)
  • A doença de Newcastle, causada por cepas de avulavirus aviário tipo 1 (AAvV-1), é uma doença de aves importante por causar altos índices de mortalidade e perdas econômicas. (bvsalud.org)
  • Live Avian avulavirus 1 (Newcastle Disease Virus), Lineage 5b in allantoic fluid. (european-virus-archive.com)
  • vND, formerly referred to as avian avulavirus 2 and exotic Newcastle disease, 1 was reportedly discovered about 90 years ago when outbreaks occurred in Indonesia, England and, possibly, Korea in 1926. (burdockgroup.com)
  • The virulent strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), also known as Avian paramyxovirus serotype-1 (APMV-1), recently named as Avian avulavirus-I (AAvV-I) cause ND. (relatewithkatypark.com)
  • This study concerns characterisation of the glycan compositions attached to haemagglutinin-neuraminidase of the Avulavirus Newcastle disease virus, which causes Newcastle disease in a range of avian species. (edu.au)
  • In 2015 and 2016, up to 190 Egyptian geese from Western Germany were investigated serologically for antibodies (Ab) against influenza A viruses (IAV), Avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV-1), aviadenoviruses, Duck atadenovirus A (syn. (springer.com)
  • Virulent viruses of the panzootic Avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV-1) of sub-genotype VIIi were repeatedly isolated (2011-2016)from commercial chickens and from multiple non-poultry avian species in Pakistan. (engormix.com)
  • Our findings suggest that these 3 new viruses represent members of 3 novel avulavirus species. (cdc.gov)
  • There are 13 recognized Avulavirus species, each with 1 member, called avian paramyxovirus 1-13 (APMV-1-APMV-13) ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Epidemiological and genetic analysis of Avian avulavirus-1 in Israel reveals parallel circulating strains and a new sub-genotype within genotype VI. (nih.gov)
  • A detailed veterinary and laboratory investigation revealed an unusual case of concurrent avian avulavirus type 1 (AAvV-1, formerly called avian paramyxovirus type 1)) and low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) virus infections of chickens during March 2010 in a mixed poultry and livestock farm in Great Britain. (flutrackers.com)
  • Pathotyping and genetic characterization of avian avulavirus-1 from domestic and wild waterfowl, geese and black swans in Pakistan, 2014 to 2017. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Comparative clinico-pathological assessment of velogenic (sub-genotype VIIi) and mesogenic (sub-genotype VIm) Avian avulavirus 1 in chickens and pigeons. (medworm.com)