A plant genus of the family Acanthaceae. Members contain NAPHTHOQUINONES. Black mangroves (common name for the genus) are distinguished from other mangroves by their spike-like aerial roots called pneumatophores that project from the soil or water surrounding the plants.
A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly trees and shrubs growing in warm areas.
A plant family of the order Rhizophorales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida, that includes mangrove trees.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
Absence of hair from areas where it is normally present.
A tube-like invagination of the EPIDERMIS from which the hair shaft develops and into which SEBACEOUS GLANDS open. The hair follicle is lined by a cellular inner and outer root sheath of epidermal origin and is invested with a fibrous sheath derived from the dermis. (Stedman, 26th ed) Follicles of very long hairs extend into the subcutaneous layer of tissue under the SKIN.
A potent direct-acting peripheral vasodilator (VASODILATOR AGENTS) that reduces peripheral resistance and produces a fall in BLOOD PRESSURE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p371)
A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.
A family of gram-negative nitrifying bacteria, in the order Nitrosomonadales, class BETAPROTEOBACTERIA.
Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised of chemoheterotrophs and chemoautotrophs which derive nutrients from decomposition of organic material.
A genus of gram-negative, ellipsoidal or rod-shaped bacteria whose major source of energy and reducing power is from the oxidation of ammonia to nitrite. Its species occur in soils, oceans, lakes, rivers, and sewage disposal systems.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Large and highly vacuolated cells possessing many chloroplasts occuring in the interior cross-section of leaves, juxtaposed between the epidermal layers.
Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A plant species of the Salvia genus known as a spice and medicinal plant.
The Madder plant family of the order Rubiales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida includes important medicinal plants that provide QUININE; IPECAC; and COFFEE. They have opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules.
A plant genus of the LAMIACEAE family. It is known as a spice and medicinal plant.

A study of some biochemical and histopathological responses of wet-stored recalcitrant seeds of Avicennia marina infected by Fusarium moniliforme. (1/46)

Although fungi cause a recognized problem during storage of recalcitrant seeds of many tropical species, there are no data to date on defence strategies of these seeds against fungal attack. To ascertain whether recalcitrant seeds of Avicennia marina elaborate compounds that might suppress fungal proliferation during hydrated storage, the production and efficacy of beta-1,3-glucanase (EC 3.2.1.39) and chitinase (EC 3.2.1.14) were studied in relation to histopathological changes. Freshly harvested seeds had low beta-1,3-glucanase and chitinase activities and fluorescence microscopy revealed progressive deterioration of the internal tissues of these seeds associated with fungal infection during hydrated storage. In seeds treated to minimize associated fungi (clean seeds), beta-1,3-glucanase and chitinase activities increased significantly during 10 d of hydrated storage. Similar high levels of activity were observed when these seeds were experimentally infected with Fusarium moniliforme and subjected to further storage. The histopathological observations indicated delayed disease development in the 10-d clean-storage period, although the hypersensitive response was not observed. The results suggest that, although the recalcitrant seeds of A. marina elaborate some antifungal enzymes, there is a lack of effective defence strategies that might lead to successful responses against fungal infections.  (+info)

Genetic variation of Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. (Avicenniaceae) in Vietnam revealed by microsatellite and AFLP markers. (2/46)

Genetic variation of Avicennia marina in the costal area of Vietnam was examined using microsatellite and AFLP markers. By using five microsatellite loci a total of 21 alleles were detected. The average number of alleles per locus per population ranged from 1.667 to 3.000. The observed heterozygosity varied from 0.180 to 0.263, with an average of 0.210 indicating relatively low level of genetic variation comparing to the previous studies on A. marina in the worldwide range. The expected heterozygosity was larger than the observed heterozygosity leading to positive inbreeding coefficients in all the six populations. Highly significant departures from Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium were detected in four populations. AFLP analysis revealed a total of 386 loci, of which 232 (60.1%) were polymorphic. In congruent with microsatellite markers relatively low levels of genetic variation were detected at both gene and nucleotide levels (H = 0.086; pi = 0.0054). Reduced level of genetic variation was found in the central population, and in the southern populations. Both microsatellite and AFLP markers revealed large genetic differentiation (F(ST) = 0.262 and 0.338, respectively) indicating strong genetic structure among regional populations. Pairwise genetic distance by AFLP showed two populations in the north and the other two in the south are closely related each other.  (+info)

Correlation between anammox activity and microscale distribution of nitrite in a subtropical mangrove sediment. (3/46)

The distribution of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) in nature has been addressed by only a few environmental studies, and our understanding of how anammox bacteria compete for substrates in natural environments is therefore limited. In this study, we measure the potential anammox rates in sediment from four locations in a subtropical tidal river system. Porewater profiles of NO(x)(-) (NO2- plus NO3-) and NO2- were measured with microscale biosensors, and the availability of NO2- was compared with the potential for anammox activity. The potential rate of anammox increased with increasing distance from the mouth of the river and correlated strongly with the production of nitrite in the sediment and with the average concentration or total pool of nitrite in the suboxic sediment layer. Nitrite accumulated both from nitrification and from NO(x)(-) reduction, though NO(x)(-) reduction was shown to have the greatest impact on the availability of nitrite in the suboxic sediment layer. This finding suggests that denitrification, though using NO2- as a substrate, also provides a substrate for the anammox process, which has been suggested in previous studies where microscale NO2- profiles were not measured.  (+info)

Global voices of science: Mangroves, fishponds, and the quest for sustainability. (4/46)

Aquaculture, the farming of shrimp and other useful aquatic and marine plants and animals in artificially confined and tended ponds, pens, and cages, ranks as a phenomenal success story in global food production. In 1975, aquaculture contributed 8% to the overall yield of the world's fish harvest; now it provides more than one-third of the yield. Total aquaculture production in 2003 was 54.8 million metric tons valued at 67.3 billion in U.S. dollars. More than 90% of this output comes from Asia, where aquaculture has its origins and where this month's essay author has lived and worked all of her life. In her essay, Jurgenne H. Primavera, senior scientist of the Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center based in Iloilo, Central Philippines, traces the recent history of aquaculture and the socioeconomic and environmental challenges that its rapid growth has wrought, especially for the mangrove ecosystems in which much of brackishwater pond aquaculture occurs. With an eye on all stakeholders, Primavera lays out how aquaculture is now falling short of the goal of sustainability and what steps might be taken to move the industry in that direction.  (+info)

Factors contributing to dwarfing in the mangrove Avicennia marina. (5/46)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In Richards Bay, South Africa, Avicennia marina frequently exhibits a distinct productivity gradient, with tree height decreasing markedly from 6-10 m in the fringe zone to <1.5 m in the dwarf zone which is 120 m inland at a slightly higher elevation. In this investigation, soil physico-chemical conditions between fringe and dwarf A. marina were compared and the constraints imposed by any differences on mangrove ecophysiology and productivity determined. METHODS: Soil and plant samples were analysed for inorganic ions using spectrophotometry. Gas exchange measurements were taken with an infrared gas analyser and chlorophyll fluorescence with a fluorometer. Xylem psi was determined with a pressure chamber and chlorophyll content with a chlorophyll absorbance meter. RESULTS: In the dwarf site, soil salinity, total cations, electrical conductivity and soil concentrations of Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Zn(2+), Mn(2+) and Cu(2+) were significantly higher than those in the fringe zone. Soil water potential and the concentration of soil P, however, were significantly lower in the dwarf site. In the leaves, Na(+) was the predominant ion and its concentration was 24 % higher in dwarf than fringe mangroves. Leaf concentrations of K(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Mn(2+) and P, however, were significantly lower in dwarf mangroves. Photosynthetic performance, measured by gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence, was significantly reduced in the dwarf plants. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that hydro-edaphic factors contribute to high soil salinities, low water potentials, water stress and ion imbalance within tissues including P deficiency, which in interaction, contribute to dwarfing in Avicennia marina.  (+info)

Analysing ethnobotanical and fishery-related importance of mangroves of the East-Godavari Delta (Andhra Pradesh, India) for conservation and management purposes. (6/46)

Mangrove forests, though essentially common and wide-spread, are highly threatened. Local societies along with their knowledge about the mangrove also are endangered, while they are still underrepresented as scientific research topics. With the present study we document local utilization patterns, and perception of ecosystem change. We illustrate how information generated by ethnobiological research can be used to strengthen the management of the ecosystem. This study was conducted in the Godavari mangrove forest located in the East-Godavari District of the state Andhra Pradesh in India, where mangroves have been degrading due to over-exploitation, extensive development of aquaculture, and pollution from rural and urbanized areas (Kakinada).One hundred interviews were carried out among the fisherfolk population present in two mangrove zones in the study area, a wildlife sanctuary with strong conservation status and an adjacent zone. Results from the interviews indicated that Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh., a dominant species in the Godavari mangroves, is used most frequently as firewood and for construction. Multiple products of the mangrove included the bark of Ceriops decandra (Griff.) Ding Hou to dye the fishing nets and improve their durability, the bark of Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco to poison and catch fish, and the leaves of Avicennia spp. and Excoecaria agallocha L. as fodder for cattle. No medicinal uses of true mangrove species were reported, but there were a few traditional uses for mangrove associates. Utilization patterns varied in the two zones that we investigated, most likely due to differences in their ecology and legal status. The findings are discussed in relation with the demographic and socio-economic traits of the fisherfolk communities of the Godavari mangroves and indicate a clear dependency of their livelihood on the mangrove forest.Reported changes in the Godavari mangrove cover also differed in the two zones, with significantly less perceptions of a decrease in the protected area, as compared to the adjacent non-protected area. A posteriori comparisons between sequential satellite imagery (retrospective till 1977) and respondents that were at least 15 years back then, revealed a mangrove decrease which was however perceived to different extents depending on the area with which the fishermen were familiar. While local needs had not been incorporated in the existing policy, we created a framework on how data on ethnobotanical traditions, fishery-related activities and local people's perceptions of change can be incorporated into management strategies.  (+info)

Paleoenvironment interpretation of a 1760 years B.P. old sediment in a mangrove area of the Bay of Guanabara, using pollen analysis. (7/46)

A sediment sample was obtained at 122 cm from the top of a drilling core in the Guapimirim mangrove, Bay of Guanabara, and analyzed using pollen analysis. This muddy core reached a sandy ground at 133 cm. 14C datation got the age of 1760 +/- 50 years B.P. The most frequent pollen grains were mangrove species of Rhizophora mangle, Laguncularia racemosa and Avicennia schaueriana. "Restinga" and tropical rain forest vegetation was recognized behind the mangrove. After the last sea transgression at 2500 years B.P., the water level lowered to its actual size, allowing the installation of this mangrove.  (+info)

Purification and partial characterization of an acidic polysaccharide with complement fixing ability from the stems of Avicennia marina. (8/46)

An acidic polysaccharide fraction that had high anticomplementary activity was isolated from the stems of Grey Mangrove in 0.15% yield. The final fractions was designated HAM-3-IIb-II. The polysaccharide fraction appeared to be homogenous by high performance size exclusion chromatography with an estimated molecular weight of 105 kDa. The isolated polysaccharide is more effective than polysaccharide K (PSK) in its anticomplementary activity at 58 microg/ml of PSK and 23 microg/ml of HAM-3-IIb-II that inhibit 50% of complement activity in the complement fixation assay. Structural studies indicated that HAM-3-IIb-II was rich in galacturonic acid along with arabinose, galactose and rhamnose, characterizing a pectin-type polysaccharide, which was also confirmed by FT-IR spectrum. The presence of rich neutral sugar side chains of arabinogalactans may have contributed to the expression of high activity. Traditionally, this mangrove plant is used for medicinal purposes and it appears to have some scientific applications.  (+info)

In flooded and non-flooded impounded forests of Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans), the community structure of the ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria (β-AOB) differed among distinct mangrove vegetation cover types and hydrological regimes. This had been explained by a differential response of lineages of β-AOB to the prevailing soil conditions that included increased levels of moisture and ammonium. To test this hypothesis, slurries of soils collected from a flooded and a non-flooded impoundment were subjected to enhanced levels of ammonium in the absence and presence of additional shaking. After a period of 6 days, the community composition of the β-AOB based on the 16S rRNA gene was determined and compared with the original community structures. Regardless of the incubation conditions and the origin of the samples, sequences belonging to the Nitrosomonas aestuarii lineage became increasingly dominant, whereas the number of sequences of the lineages of Nitrosospira (i.e., Cluster 1) and
Salinity Induced Changes in the Leaf Anatomy of the Mangrove Avicennia marina along the Anthropogenically Stressed Tropical Creek Abstract.
Traditionally, mangrove plants have been used medicinally in diverse cases like to treat infections, relief pain and purify blood and as antioxidant. Avicennia officinalis is a folk medicinal plant used mainly against rheumatism, paralysis, asthma, snake-bites, skin disease, hepatitis, leprosy and ulcer. Phytochemical constituents from Avicennia officinalis leaf extracts were determined qualitatively. Crude extracts of the plants under study were screened for the presence of alkaloids, phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, diterpenes, triterpenes, sterols, saponins, glycosides, proteins, carbohydrates and reducing sugars. Avicennia officinalis was tested for bioactivity against seven bacteria.. ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Avicennia marina in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 09-Oct-10 ...
Avicennia marina (AM) exhibits various biological activities and has been traditionally used in Egypt to cure skin diseases. In this study, the methanolic heartwood extract of AM was evaluated for inhibitory activity against 5α-reductase (5α-R) [E.C.1.3.99.5], the enzyme responsible for the over-production of 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT) causing androgenic alopecia (AGA). An AGA-relevant cell-based assay was developed using human hair dermal papilla cells (HHDPCs), the main regulator of hair growth and the only cells within the hair follicle that are the direct site of 5α-DHT action, combined with a non-radioactive thin layer chromatography (TLC) detection technique. The results revealed that AM is a potent 5α-R type 1 (5α-R1) inhibitor, reducing the 5α-DHT production by 52% at the final concentration of 10 µg/mL. Activity-guided fractionation has led to the identification of avicequinone C, a furanonaphthaquinone, as a 5α-R1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 9.94 ± 0.33 µg/mL or 38.8 ± 1.29
Aquaporins and ABC transporters were the major transporters identified in our study. ABC transporters are known to transport fatty acids that are required for proper cuticle development in leaves [45]. The cuticle plays an important role in maintaining the structural integrity of salt glands. Under saline conditions, it becomes important for the salt glands to form a thick cuticular layer to prevent water loss and also diffusion of ions into neighbouring cells [6]. The observed high level of expression of ABC transporters in the salt gland-rich tissue could explain this in Avicennia salt gland cells. Aquaporins are known to regulate water movement across the membranes. During drought and salt exposure, aquaporins are known to maintain water balance in the cells [46] and have been shown to play a crucial role in salt secretion of A. officinalis [9]. Although aquaporins have been identified from the leaves of other salt secretors [41], its precise function in regulating water movement during ...
Species zonation patterns across tidal gradients in mangrove forests are formed by successful seedling establishment and maintained by replacement of adults by conspecific seedlings. These two processes rarely have been examined experimentally in neotropical mangal. We studied survivorship and growth of seedlings of two species of mangrove, Rhizophora mangle L. and Avicennia germinans (L.) Stearn, across a tidal gradient in Belize, Central America. Propagules of each species were planted in common gardens at tidal elevations corresponding to lowest low water (LLW), mean water (MW), and highest high water (HHW). Sixty-nine percent of Rhizophora seedlings planted at MW and 56% of those planted at LLW survived 1 year. Forty-seven percent of MW Avicennia seedlings also survived 1 year. No individuals of either species survived at HHW, and neither did any LLW Avicennia seedlings. Among the surviving Rhizophora seedlings, LLW seedlings grew more rapidly in terms of height, diameter, leaf production, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Differences in morphology, carbon isotope ratios, and photosynthesis between scrub and fringe mangroves in Florida, USA. AU - Lin, Guanghui. AU - Sternberg, Leonel. PY - 1992/1/1. Y1 - 1992/1/1. N2 - All three mangrove species in Florida (USA), Rhizophora mangle L., Laguncularia racemosa Gaert. and Avicennia germinans (L.) L., are found frequently in scrub mangrove forests, in which individuals rarely exceed 1.5 m in height. In the present study, the differences in morphological characteristics, leaf carbon isotope ratios and photosynthetic gas exchange between individuals in scrub and fringe mangrove forests in south Florida were investigated quantitatively. Plants in the scrub forests had much lower canopy height, more main stems per tree and smaller leaves, relative to those in the fringe forests. There was a significant correlation between tree height and leaf δ13C value, with higher δ13C values (1-4% more positive) for plants in the scrub mangrove forests. Correspondingly, ...
Among blue carbon ecosystems, mangroves are very efficient in storing carbon in their sediments over decadal to millennial time scales. However, this ability varies with numerous parameters, including climate and sea-level variations. In New Caledonia, mangrove ecosystems develop in semi-arid conditions with a typical zonation: Rhizophora spp. colonize the seaward side of the intertidal area, while Avicennia marina develops at higher elevations, just below the salt-flat. Within this context, we determined both the quantity (organic carbon content and carbon stocks) and the characteristics (carbon over nitrogen ratios (C/N), stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes, radiocarbon age) of the organic matter stored beneath each mangrove stands. Carbon stocks were determined down to different limits with depth: approximate extension of the root systems, one-meter depth, and the hard substrate. Within the extension of the root systems, the sediment carbon stock was lower than 100 MgC ha−1 regardless of the
Endophytic actinobacteria are one of the important pharmaceutical resources and well known for producing different types of bioactive substances. Nevertheless, detection of the novelty, diversity, and bioactivity on endophytic actinobacteria isolated from mangrove plants are scarce. In this study, five different mangrove plants, Avicennia marina, Aegiceras corniculatum, Kandelia obovota, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, and Thespesia populnea, were collected from Beilun Estuary National Nature Reserve in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. A total of 101 endophytic actinobacteria strains were recovered by culture-based approaches. They distributed in 7 orders, 15 families, and 28 genera including Streptomyces, Curtobacterium, Mycobacterium, Micrococcus, Brevibacterium, Kocuria, Nocardioides, Kineococcus, Kytococcus, Marmoricola, Microbacterium, Micromonospora, Actinoplanes, Agrococcus, Amnibacterium, Brachybacterium, Citricoccus, Dermacoccus, Glutamicibacter, Gordonia, Isoptericola, Janibacter, Leucobacter,
Zonation often characterizes mangrove forests. Certain species occupy particular areas, or niches, within the ecosystem. Some mangrove species occur close to shores, fringing islands, and sheltered bays; others are found further inland, in estuaries influenced by tidal action.. Mangroves vary in height according to species and environment, from mere shrubs to 40 meter (app. 131 feet) tall trees. The prop roots of some mangrove species, such as Rhizophora spp., or red mangrove, and the pneumataphores (unique breathing roots) of others, such as Avicennia spp., or black mangrove, contain many small breathing pores, called lenticels. These allow oxygen to diffuse into the plant and down to the underground roots by means of air space tissue in the cortex, called aerenchyma. The lenticels are inactive during high tide.. Lenticels in the exposed portions of mangrove roots are highly susceptible to clogging by crude oil and other pollutants, attacks by parasites, and prolonged flooding from ...
The characteristics of macrofauna communities in three mangrove assemblages[Avicennia marina+Acgiceras corniculatum (MC)community, A. corniculatum (C) community and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza+A. corniculatum (GC) community]were studied in Zhanjiang Mangrove Nature Reserves during 2005 and 2006. Of the three mangrove assemblages, the macrofauna species number, density, biomass, Richness index and Shannon-Wiener index were the highest, and the Simpson dominance index was medial at MC community. However the Pielou Evenness index of MC community was slightly lower than that at C community. At C community, the number of macrofauna species obviously reduced, especially infaunal, caving and adhering life forms, and the biomass and density were the lowest. Because of the even distribution of individuals of different species, the Simpson dominance index was the lowest and the evenness index was the highest. Although the Richness index at C community was slightly lower than that at MC community, the ...
pes-ee-ethz-ch-uploads-tx-ethstudies-nusii-ue-transistorschaltungen-02. Population structure, density and food sources of Terebralia palustris (Potamididae: Gastropoda) in a low intertidal Avicennia marina mangrove stand (Inhaca Island, Mozambique ...
The use of spectral response curves for estimating nitrogen (N) leaf concentrations generally has been found to be a challenging task for a variety of plant species. In this investigation, leaf N concentration and corresponding laboratory hyperspectral data were examined for two species of mangrove (Avicennia germinans, Rhizophora mangle) representing a variety of conditions (healthy, poor condition, dwarf) of a degraded mangrove forest located in the Mexican Pacific. This is the first time leaf nitrogen content has been examined using close range hyperspectral remote sensing of a degraded mangrove forest. Simple comparisons between individual wavebands and N concentrations were examined, as well as two models employed to predict N concentrations based on multiple wavebands. For one model, an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) was developed based on known N absorption bands. For comparative purposes, a second model, based on the well-known Stepwise Multiple Linear Regression (SMLR) approach, was employed
Sarma, VV and Vittal, BPR (2000) Biodiversity of mangrove fungi on different substrata of Rhizophora apiculata and Avicennia spp. from Godavari and Krishna deltas, east coast of India Fungal Diversity Fungal Diversity Press 5 23-41 Available at - www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/FD_5_23-41. ...
TY - BOOK. T1 - Economic Valuation of Mangrove Ecosystems:Potential and Limitations. AU - Spaninks, F.. AU - van Beukering, P.J.H.. PY - 1997. Y1 - 1997. M3 - Book. T3 - Report number Creed. BT - Economic Valuation of Mangrove Ecosystems:Potential and Limitations. PB - International Institute for Environment and Development. CY - London. ER - ...
Background: A large-scale systematical investigation of the influence of Pleistocene climate oscillation on mangrove population dynamics could enrich our knowledge about the evolutionary history during times of historical climate change, which in turn may provide important information for their conservation.. Results:In this study, phylogeography of a mangrove tree Sonneratia alba was studied by sequencing three chloroplast fragments and seven nuclear genes. A low level of genetic diversity at the population level was detected across its range, especially at the range margins, which was mainly attributed to the steep sea-level drop and associated climate fluctuations during the Pleistocene glacial periods. Extremely small effective population size (Ne) was inferred in populations from both eastern and western Malay Peninsula (44 and 396, respectively), mirroring the fragility of mangrove plants and their paucity of robustness against future climate perturbations and human activity. Two major ...
Current mangrove planting schemes aimed at reversing global losses are prioritising short-term increases in area over long-term establishment. Without sound, evidence-based restoration policies, this approach could accelerate the demise of mangrove forests and the ecosystem services they provide.
Did you know that mangroves could defend and feed a community? On Mangrove Day, learn about these unique ecosystems that help coastal communities enhance disaster resilience and improve livelihoods.
This paper deals with the spatial distribution and diversity of macrobenthos and their relationships between physico-chemical parameters of the water and sediment in diff..
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Part of the problem now is that a lot of the data we need to make this type of assessment simply isnt available, said Sally Hacker, an OSU associate professor of zoology. Biological, economic and sociological data could be enormously helpful to help us reach better management decisions, and this is something we need to improve.. Fairly good data were available in the case of the Thailand mangrove forests, however, and researchers used it to make their case. On a given area of mangrove forest there, the assigned value of ecosystem services - storm protection, biological habitat, etc. - was determined to be about $19 million with a hands-off approach and no commercial use whatsoever.. But with a full range of uses, which included leaving 80 percent of the area in mangrove forests and gaining almost all of their flood protection ability, the value was found to be $17.5 million, Hacker said. And this allowed for a commercial shrimp fishery, gathering of wood products, fishing and other ...
IOC Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Aves • Superordo: Neognathae • Ordo: Passeriformes • Subordo: Passeri • Infraordo: Corvida • Superfamilia: Meliphagoidea • Familia: Acanthizidae • Genus: Gerygone • Species: Gerygone igata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1830) ...
Knowledge and management of aquatic ecosystems (formerly Bulletin Français de la Pèche et de la Pisciculture), an international journal on freshwater ecosystem
Tens of thousands of gallons of oil have spilled into the rivers and creeks of the Sundarbans, threatening tigers, dolphins in this World Heritage Site.
Permeability and crusting hazards are evaluated by electrical conductivity (ECiw,) and the sodium adsorption ratio predicted to occur in the topsoil after irrigation (SARsw) with reference to threshold tolerances (permissible combinations of ECiw and SARsw) established for the specific soil in question or, in the absence of specific information, an appropriate general relation. SARsw is predicted using a computer model (such as Watsuit, which is used in this publication) or, in the absence of a computer, using the SAR value of the irrigation water (SARiw). Salinity, toxicity and nutritional problems are evaluated by comparing levels of soil water salinity, concentrations of toxic ions and ratios of Ca/Mg predicted (with Watsuit) to result in the rootzone of the soil after irrigation with reference to acceptable values of salinity, toxic-ion concentrations and Ca/Mg ratios for the specific crop (s) in question. Tables of acceptable levels of salt and toxic-ion concentrations are provided for many ...
Automated in situ instrumentation captured high-resolution surface water pCO2, CH4 and222Rn data at the creek mouth, and ∼500 m upstream in a sub-tropical mangrove ecosystem (Southern Moreton Bay, Australia, S27.78°, E153.38°) over a spring-neap-spring tidal cycle (∼15 days) during November 2013. The partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) ranged from 385 to 26,106 μatm, CH4 from 1.8 to 889 nM, and 222Rn from 280 to 108,172 dpm m−3. Average surface water pCO2, CH4 and 222Rn were 4-fold higher at the upstream station. Surface water fluxes of CO2 and CH4 ranged from 9.4 to 629.2 mmol CO2 m−2 d−1 and 13.1 to 632.9 μmol CH4 m−2 d−1 depending upon the gas transfer model used and station location. Creek pCO2, CH4 and 222Rn displayed changes over both semi-diurnal and spring-neap-spring tidal scales. Semi-diurnally, all gases had a significant inverse relationship with water depth. Over the spring-neap-spring cycle, all gases exhibited an inverse relationship with tidal amplitude, with higher ...
Education Council. Features lesson plans, units, useful websites, games & activities, printables, and video.. Environmental Education Activities & Resources from The National Education Council. Features lesson plans, activities, projects, games, and professional development ideas.. Celebrate Earth Day! from ReadWriteThink. Features a classroom activity, 6 lesson plans for grades K-2, 6-8, and 7-9 & other Earth Day resources for kids.. Nature Works Everywhere from the Nature Conservancy. Features lessons, video, and tools to help students learn about and understand nature in various environments and ecosystems across the globe.. Check out the research-based read aloud and paired text lessons for The Mangrove Tree created by the staff at the award-winning, non-profit ReadWorks.org. Explore the educator activities for The Mangrove Tree and Buffalo Song, titles featured in RIFs Multicultural Book Collections. To find other free activities that inspire young readers as well as learn more about ...
Biodiversity delivers a variety of crucial services. These can be categorised as follows:. • Provisioning services deliver products that are essential to our daily life such as food, drugs, building materials, fibers, etc. … Just think about the fruit, vegetables or meat we eat, the substances we extract from plants or animals to battle diseases, the wood we use in construction, …. • Regulating services are those that support the functioning of our environment, such as climate regulation through enhanced evaporation or carbon dioxide uptake and fixation, the purification of water, breakdown of pollutants, or even protection against calamities: during the Indonesian tsunami of 2004, coastal zones with mangrove forests were less severely affected than zones that were deforested for constructing hotels …. • Cultural services are those non-tangible benefits that enrich our society: recreation, tourism, art, science and culture, spiritual well-being… animals and plants play an important ...
Dynamics of a fringe mangrove forest detected by Landsat images in the Mekong River Delta, Vietnam, Nardin, William, Locatelli Silvia, Pasquarella Valerie J., Rulli Maria Cristina, Woodcock C.E., and Fagherazzi Sergio , Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, May-3-2016, Volume 41, Issue 14, p.2024 - 2037, (2016) ...
New revelations that a long strip of protected mangrove trees were illegally razed amid preparations for the 2016 Miami International Boat Show has outraged Florida environmentalists. The lost trees, critical to the marine ecosystem, were hacked away in mid-May by a Miami city contractor in ... ...
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Inside a mangrove forest. Enter a mangrove forest. In this dark water world, trees with twisted limbs live double lives-one foot on land, the other in the sea.. Some 80 species of mangroves, also called mangals, thrive in salty coastal habitats in the tropics and subtropics. All take root in waterlogged soils where slow-moving currents allow sediment to accumulate. Red, black and white mangrove trees, along with buttonwoods, may grow along the same shoreline. Where these species are found together, each stakes out a spot.. Red mangroves are closest to the seas edge; their prop roots extend into the water from branches above. The roots capture sediment, stabilizing the shore. Farther inland are black mangroves with oxygen-supplying pneumatophores pointing upward from the soil. White mangroves, with no special root adaptations, are found in interior mangrove forests, followed by buttonwoods in upland transition zones.. These forests-of-the-tide collectively cover a worldwide area of about 20,535 ...
Mangroves are various types of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics The remaining mangrove forest areas of the world in 2000 was 137,760 km_. The mangrove biome is a distinct saline woodland or shrubland habitat characterized by depositional coastal environments, where fine sediments (often with high organic content) collect in areas protected from high-energy wave action. Mangroves dominate three-quarters of tropical coastlines. The saline conditions tolerated by various mangrove species range from brackish water, through pure seawater, to water concentrated by evaporation to over twice the salinity of ocean seaw...
Do you need to replant a mangrove? Have a program to repair a problem area? Want to start a mangrove area on an island? How about hundreds of seedlings FREE! About 2 months ago now, the beautiful black mangroves along the water line of the Marco Gonzalez Archaeological Reserve dropped its annual seeds. There are now hundreds of sprouts about 6
Seasonal patterns of leaf recruitment (Figure 6A) in R. stylosa are highly correlated (r = 0.88, p , 0.01) with those of stipule litterfall (Figure 6B), while seasonal patterns of leaf death (Figure 6A) in this species also correlated (r = 0.82, p , 0.01) well with those of leaf litterfall (Figure 6B). In R. stylosa leaves that flushed in summer represented 38.1% of the annual total, whereas only 15.8% flushed in winter (Figure 6A). A similar seasonal trend in leaf recruitment in K. obovata was recorded (Gwada et al. [2000]; Analuddin et al. [2009]; Kamruzzaman et al. [2012a]). Hardiwinoto et al. ([1989]) and Kamruzzaman et al. ([2012c]) also reported a similar seasonal trend in B. gymnorhiza, with the highest values in summer and the lowest in winter. Leaf recruitment and stipule litterfall of R. stylosa, B. gymnorhiza and K. obovata species on Okinawa are strongly correlated with the mean monthly air temperature and hours of sunshine (Sharma et al. [2012b]). These results are also supported by ...
The saltwater mosquito, Aedes vigilax, is prolific in coastal wetlands including mangroves and saltmarshes. Ae. vigilax is a vector for arboviruses such as Ross River and Barmah Forest viruses, with significant consequences for human health and economic productivity. In Australia the dominant form of mosquito control is chemicals. For mangroves, this is because there is a critical lack of knowledge supporting alternative approaches, such as environmental modification or biological control using larvivorous fish. This review examines the potential of fish as biological agents for the control of mosquito larvae in mangroves. We consider two key aspects: how larvivorous fish use mangroves; and can larvivorous fish reduce larval mosquito populations sufficiently to provide effective mosquito control? The link between fish and mangroves is reasonably well established, where mangroves act as refuge habitat for small and juvenile fish. Also, research has established that fish can be significant ...
Various mangrove saplings have been planted in above 2,700 hectares of area to improve the mangrove forest cover in Krishna district since 2007, said Ms. Subhadra Devi. The mangrove serves as breeding and nursing grounds for marine and pelagic species. It has been widely recognised that mangrove forest cover across the Krishna district is serving as seed ground for fish species such as Asian Sea Bass, Sylla Seratta (Wild Crab), apart playing a crucial role in protecting coastal areas from natural calamities.. ...
Now I read that the Rice Terraces are used to introduce schoolchildren to engineering concepts. The Pew modules likewise use mangroves as an entry point to introduce students to continental drift, earthquakes, tsunamis, storm surges, greenbelts and other scientific concepts/phenomena. No need for DepEd to invest time and money in development, only in reproducing and mainstreaming the modules in coastal primary schools throughout the country. So perhaps someone in this egroup can show Sec. Luistro that the mangrove modules in fact are rich in lessons that can ground a child to his native ecology, specifically, the mangrove ecosystem (and also coral reefs and seagrasses) which is as tropical as you can get. BTW, some half dozen copies have been submitted to various DepEd officials. For any help in increasing mangrove awareness, thank you. ...
Youve probably seen photos of mangrove trees growing on stilt-like roots in swamps or wetlands in the South. If youre interested in growing mangrove trees, then click the following article for tips on germination of mangrove seeds.
Feeding. The Red-headed Myzomela is arboreal, feeding at flowers and among the outer foliage in the crowns of mangroves and other flowering trees. It is very active when feeding, darting from flower to flower and sallying for insects. It probes flowers for nectar with its long curved bill, catches insects on the wing and gleans insects from leaves. It predominately feeds on mangrove species, and in northwestern Australia is the major pollinator of Bruguiera exaristata, however it also feeds in paperbarks and other coastal forests and has been recorded feeding in cultivated Bottlebrush and Grevillea in Darwin gardens. ...
Due to increasing human population and rapid economic development, mangrove communities are experiencing a significant decline globally. The decline of mangrove communities leads to the shortening of shorelines, which has decreased from 198 km in 1980 to 158 km in 1990, with only 147 km remaining in 2003 (Food and Agricultural Organization FAO 2003). During the past several decades, the extent of mangroves along the South China coast sharply decreased as a result of land reclamation in the 1970s and aquaculture in the early 1980s; the area of mangroves dropped from 400,000-420,000 ha in 1956 to 21,283 ha in 1986 and then to 15,122 ha in the early 1990s (Zheng et al. 2003; Fan 2000). Since the late 1970s, governments worldwide have adopted a series of measures to restrain the degradation and loss of mangroves. Mangroves have been restored, to varying extents, in the Americas (Brockmeyer et al. 1997; Lewis 2000), Oceania (Saenger 1996) and Asia (Sanyal 1998). In China, the area of mangroves ...
Through funding from the Department for International Development, the Economic and Social Research Council and the Natural Environment Research Council, researchers from Edinburgh Napier University have been working with the Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute and colleagues from Bangor, Edinburgh and Birmingham Universities to conduct novel research into mangrove ecological value and ecosystem recovery. As part of their work they tracked juvenile fish to prove the key role of mangrove roots as fish habitats, and measured carbon flows in forests to calculate the significance of mangroves in absorbing atmospheric carbon. The researchers also investigated methods of ecosystem recovery, planting 5,872 trees in previously devastated land to reveal the barriers and opportunities for mangrove regeneration. This work was complemented by research into the market value of mangrove ecosystem services and how payments for these services could be adopted into conservation policy.. In 2008 the ...
Understanding the shrimp that supplies our nations voracious appetite is quite complex. Overall, the shrimp industry represents a dismantling of the marine ecosystem, piece by piece. Farming methods range from those described above to some that are more benign. Problems with irresponsible methods of farming dont end at the yuck, factor as shrimp farming is credited with destroying 38 percent of the worlds mangroves, some of the most diverse and productive ecosystems on earth. Mangroves sequester vast amounts of carbon and serve as valuable buffers against hurricanes and tsunamis. Some compare shrimp farming methods that demolish mangroves to slash-and-burn agriculture. A shrimp farmer will clear a section of mangroves and close it off to ensure that the shrimp cannot escape. Then the farmer relies on the tides to refresh the water, carrying shrimp excrement and disease out to sea. In this scenario, the entire mangrove ecosystem is destroyed and turned into a small dead zone for short-term ...
The team discovered a wild rice -porteresia coarcata- that grows in the mangroves of Sunderbans, Bengal and isolated from it, inositol synthase, an enzyme that enables salt tolerance in mangrove species. Inositols are said to enable all manner of plants to withstand salinity. The Institute is currently raising salt tolerant rice and mustard in its laboratory. Patents are pending.News report Technical abstract ...
Sonneratia alba ( S. alba ) is a mangrove species grown in brackish water of tropical and subtropical regions. Due to its unique environment, it has evolved various mechanisms for modulating salt and metal levels. In order to find the genes connected with bioaccumulation of metals, the root...
https://youtu.be/my-cybNiI-M WHAT IT IS The Everglades is a 1.5 million acre wetland located in southwestern Florida, making it the largest sub-tropical wilderness in North America and the largest mangrove ecosystem in the Western Hemisphere. This World Heritage Site is the 3rd-largest national park in the lower 48 states, and home to an impressive diversity…
As president of Swiss watch manufacturer Omega Stephen Urquhart has set up a corporate social responsibility programme that is helping to restore Indonesia's desiccate coral and mangrove eco-system.
Sterling silver Mangrove Collection ARC loops. A simple drop style earring - easy to wear, striking yet also minimalistic. Based on the shapes and undulations of the Mangrove tree root, the design still maintains a slightly urban feel. Just under 3.5 cm in height. 3cm at the
Field study of biotic and abiotic factors affecting abundance and distribution of mangroves in Sydney Olympic park mangrove reserve.Mangroves are plants that live between the sea and the land, where they are flooded by tides.The word mangrove is give...
The body of Steinlager Classic delivers a full flavour that is perfectly balanced with a dry, tangy finish and crisp clean bitterness. Create a clone of Steinlager with this recipe created by Mangrove Jacks. This kit consists of: Mangrove Jacks Traditional Series Lucid Pils Mangrove Jacks German Lager 1kg Mangrove
The body of Steinlager Classic delivers a full flavour that is perfectly balanced with a dry, tangy finish and crisp clean bitterness. Create a clone of Steinlager with this recipe created by Mangrove Jacks. This kit consists of: Mangrove Jacks Traditional Series Lucid Pils Mangrove Jacks German Lager 1kg Mangrove
The book contains 129 maps (65-full maps) and country-by-country assessment of mangroves with over 200 photographs, 50 line drawings and numbers of tables including new mangrove area statistics. The initial 3 chapters provide a global view, with information on distribution, biogeography, productivities, wider ecology, as well as on human uses, economic values, threat and approaches for mangrove management, and mangrove mappings. These themes are revisited throughout the 10 regional chapters where maps provide a spatial context or starting point. Also, case studies written by regional experts provide insights into regional mangrove issues, usage, and sustainable management. Three Annexes provide species range maps with line drawings, national species lists and national statistics. ...
Degree granting institution Delft University of Technology. Programme Hydraulic Engineering , Coastal Engineering. Date 2018-10-31. Abstract Due to the removal of mangrove forests, coastal zones can suffer from severe erosion. One of the proposed solutions is the construction of permeable structures. This study aims to optimise the design of permeable (brushwood) structures in order to restore the sediment balance and encourage mangrove re-establishment on tropical mud coasts. Preferably wave transmission should be low in order to create a calmer climate behind the structure. In that way sediment is able to settle down, which could lead to a recovery of the mud profile. It is also preferred that reflection by the structure is low. High reflection rates cause scour holes that lead to instability of the structure. Furthermore, scour holes could hinder future mangrove re-establishment. Aiming to achieve low reflection and transmission rates, the dissipation inside the structure has to be as high as ...
I have personally only seen this species at Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve and Kranji Nature Trails mangrove. Not sure if it can be found at our other northern mangroves. It usually occurs at the borders of mangrove forests and along tidal rivers ...
Ocypodid crabs inhabit intertidal sandy/muddy flats of tropical and sub-tropical mangroves. Iran has three species of the genus Austruca. In contrast to A. sindensis and A. lactea, almost nothing is known about the population dynamics and its driving factors in Austruca iranica. Thus, population ecology and reproductive biology of A. iranica were studied in relation to sediment temperature and rainfall in a sub-tropical Iranian mangrove forest over a period of 13 months. Crab density and Gonado Somatic Index (GSI) were significantly correlated with sediment temperature (r2 = 0.87, p ≤ 0.05). Reproduction was restricted to spring and summer and ovigerous females appeared when both sediment temperature and rainfall had their maximum values. Rainfall triggered crab reproduction, but did not significantly correlate with crab density. Symptotic carapace width (L∞) and growth constant (k) were 16.9 mm and 1.0 yr. −1 in females (n = 251), and 18.5 mm and 0.9 yr. −1 in males (n = 325), ...
Mangrove definition, any tropical tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora, the species of which are mostly low trees growing in marshes or tidal shores, noted for their interlacing above-ground adventitious roots. See more.
1]. This is concerning the usefulness of ecosystems in monetary terms:- Recent study estimated that total value of goods and services provided by the earths ecosystems is US$33 trillion. There is an enormous variety of products obtained from ecosystems:- Rattan (wild vine in SE Asian forests) - cane furniture and other products. Generates $2.7 billion in exports/year. US Coastal fishing industry valued at US$3.3 billion in 1991. Rubber & tropical fruits (Amazon rainforest) - net economic value of US$7000/hectare w/o harming the forest. If the same area is cleared however, 94m³ of timber produced. In 1992, an estimate of medicines derived from natural sources, came to US$40 billion/yr worldwide. Tribes in Peru were found to use plants to treat skin disorders, tuberculosis, fevers, animal bites, infertility, kidney disorders, wounds, burns, tooth decay. Ecosystems with a high utility value include: Mangroves Forests Swamps Floodplains Natural marshes. [2]. All the living and non-living ...
Morphology. c 20-40 cm. Ecology. hill dry meadow. Chorology. S-European. Xylem. Distinct rings, semi-ring porous, vessels in groups and in diagonal patterns, simple perforations, vessel diameter 40-60µm, with round intervessel pits, vestured pits, thick-walled fibers, parenchyma vasicentric, ray 2-8 cells in width, heterocellular with 3 to 5 upright cells, prismatic crystals. Xylem-Code. See annex. Phloem. With collapsed sieve cells, ray dilatations, radial groups of sclereids with many prismatic crystals.. Explanations. For explanations please see the Feature Characteristics. ...
Ecosystem Facilitation Given the hydrodynamic environment of marine ecosystems, mangroves forests, seagrass beds and coral reefs will always be connected via the seawater to neighboring ecosystems. This connection means that there can be an exchange of physical (hydrodynamic energy), chemical (sediment and nutrient) and biological (organisms) factors. As a consequence, changes in one specific ecosystem can have consequences on neighboring ecosystems both in close proximity or (via these connections) further away. In case adjacent ecosystems improve each other growing conditions, one could speak of large-scale facilitative or positive interactions. The research in this project aims at identifying the importance of local-scale facilitating and large-scale facilitation by ecosystem (especially nutrient) connections as critical factors needed for ecosystem-based designs, ecosystem conservation and re-establishment. This objective will be met by the combination of elaborating experimentally ...
Morphology. H, 10 - 30cm. Ecology. mountain and subalpine dry meadow. Chorology. Rocky Mountains. Xylem. Distinct rings, semi-ring-porous, vessels in groups, vessels fairly thick-walled, simple perforations, round to scalariform intervessel pits, vessel diameter 40-70 µm, parenchyma paratracheal to pervasive, ray width 3-6 cells, with sheet cells, homocellular, prostrate cells, ray cells unlignified, crystals absent.. Xylem-Code. See annex. Phloem. With sieve tube groups, with ray dilatations, irreguar radial rows of sclerenchyma cells, crystals absent. Explanations. For explanations please see the Feature Characteristics. ...
Since the 1960s, $\sim 5000~\text{km}^2$ of tidal deltaplain in southwest Bangladesh has been embanked and converted to densely inhabited, agricultural islands (i.e., polders). This landscape is juxtaposed to the adjacent Sundarbans, a pristine mangrove forest, both well connected by a dense network of tidal channels that effectively convey water and sediment throughout the region. The extensive embanking in poldered areas, however, has greatly reduced the tidal prism (i.e., volume of water) transported through local channels. We reveal that $,600$ km of these major waterways have infilled in recent decades, converting to land through enhanced sedimentation and the direct blocking of waterways by embankments and sluice gates. Nearly all of the observed closures ($\sim 98\%$) have occurred along the embanked polder systems, with no comparable changes occurring in channels of the Sundarbans ($,2\%$ change). We attribute most of the channel infilling to the local reduction of tidal prism in ...
Huxham, M., Emerton, L., Kairo, J., Munyi, F., Abdirizak, H., Muriuki, T., …Briers, R. A. (2015). Applying climate compatible development and economic valuation to coastal management: A case study of Kenyas mangrove forests. Journal of Environmental Management, 157, (168-181). doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.04.018. ISSN 0301-4797. ...
Swimming in circles alongside a fishing boat, two short-haired otters speed across a river in southern Bangladesh that feeds into the Sundarbans, the worlds largest mangrove forest.
Fabrication of Formaldehyde-based Rhizophora spp. Particleboards and Mass Attenuation Coefficients at 15.77, 17.48, 21.18 and 25.27 keV Photon Energies.
Fig. 3. Responses from the semidirected interviews of the 36 subjects who viewed mangroves as an inexhaustible resource when asked to specify why. The values exceed 100% because many subjects gave more than one explanation in their responses. The dark shading on the Reproduces enough column indicates people who specifically said that mangroves produce many seeds.. ...
Crustacea. In many mangroves a large proportion of the leaf litter is directly consumed by crabs, particularly those in the family Sesarmidae. This dramatically accelerates the incorporation of mangrove biomass into the food chain. The acceleration happens in three main ways:. 1. Shredding - as crabs feed on leaf litter they shred it into fine particles, increasing the surface area for leaching and microbial colonisation. An Australian study found that 20% of the material processed by crabs is dropped without being ingested (Camilleri 1989), but even this is shredded into fine particles.. 2. Accelerated leaching - 85% of the leaf litter ingested by crabs ends up in faeces. Processing of this material in the crab gut reduces content of unpalatable tannins in faeces to less than 3%, compared to 13% in freshly fallen leaves (Lee 1998). This process means that decomposing microbes can colonise the processed leaves in hours or days, rather than the weeks required without crabs.. 3. Assimilation - ...
A world-first innovation to remove mangrove seedlings from 11 Tauranga Harbour estuaries is being trialled by an Auckland-based company using cutting blades
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaros government on Monday revoked regulations protecting mangroves and other fragile coastal ecosystems, in a measure environmentalists condemned as a crime that would lead to their destruction.
Heeding the call of the national government to combat global warming and climate change through massive tree-planting activities, particularly to plant mangroves along the coastal areas, a mining firm is set to plant thousands of mangroves under the governments Adopt A Mangrove Plantation Program. The project will be located along the wide coastal areas of the municipality of Barobo in Surigao del Sur province. In the Adopt A Mangrove Plantation Program, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources will sign a memorandum of agreement with the company ...
Yes, thats the code that I thought of as well, and same, Id have to get my head around the exact order of p_is_s (unfortunate name), etc. When you say the bug is present in ncurses 5.9, is there any application that is directly affected? I ask as screen being affected was sort of a fluke. Its configure script should have detected terminfo notation was available for use, and used the equivalent entry for cs. So Im wondering if there are many applications still out there that are trying to use the older, more terse termcap form? And also linking in with ncurses? Seems unlikely, as I would have expected that if there were, and any were using a cap entry with %i that there would have been obvious presentation problems. -- Regards. Shaddy -- Problem reports: http://cygwin.com/problems.html FAQ: http://cygwin.com/faq/ Documentation: http://cygwin.com/docs.html Unsubscribe info: http://cygwin.com/ml/#unsubscribe-simple ...
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Scientia Marina (ISSN 0214-8358) is a journal of marine sciences published since 1955 by the Institut de Ci ncies del Mar de Barcelona (CSIC).
Scientia Marina (ISSN 0214-8358) is a journal of marine sciences published since 1955 by the Institut de Ci ncies del Mar de Barcelona (CSIC).
Now an Effective Audio program. Azuron designed this course to be as effective by audio as if we were sitting right in front of you. Azuron, Arcturian 10th
Avicennia. 20: 41-44. Garrigues B. & Lamy D. (2019). Inventaire des Muricidae récoltés au cours de la campagne MADIBENTHOS du ...
The site near the delta is swampy and marshy and is covered with one of the three species of Mangroves in Pakistan; Avicennia ...
Avicennia nitida Jacq. or Avicennia germinans (Black mangrove) Acer rubrum L. (Red maple) Acer saccharinum L. (Sugar maple) ...
Espinosa, Ortea & Fernadez-Garcés (2007). Avicennia 19 : 89-98. World Register of Marine Species, Retrieved 24 April 2010. ...
Avicennia 15: 101-128. World Register of Marine Species, Retrieved 24 April 2010. Prunum batabanoense Espinosa & Ortea, 2002. ...
Avicennia 15: 141-146. World Register of Marine Species, Retrieved 08/09/10. Rissoina angeli Espinosa & Ortea, 2002. WoRMS ( ... Avicennia 15: 141-146. page(s): 142 Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn, and E. F. García. 2009. Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of ...
Espinosa & Ortea (2000). Avicennia 12-13 : 95-114. World Register of Marine Species, Retrieved 24 April 2010. Dentimargo ...
Avicennia 17 : 71-76. World Register of Marine Species, Retrieved 21 April 2010. Haplocochlias nunezi Espinosa, Ortea & ... Descripción de tres nuevas especies del género Haplocochlias Carpenter, 1864 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Avicennia 17: 71-76 v t e ...
Shahnawaz, Mohd.; Sangale, Manisha K.; Ade, Avinash B. (2016-07-01). "Rhizosphere of Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. as a ...
Espinosa & Ortea (1999). Avicennia 10-11 : 165-176. World Register of Marine Species, Retrieved 24 April 2010. Prunum holandae ...
The plant species that are commonly found are: Avicennia officinalis, Avicennia marina, Avicennia alba, Excoecaria agallocha, ... The species Avicennia officinalis, Avicennia marina are being used for fuelwood. The existence of otters has been hit badly ...
Avicennia, Revista de Oceanología, Ecología y Biodiversidad Tropical 12-13:84-86. Rosenberg, G. (2015). Okenia miramarae Ortea ...
A small area of grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) occurs near Chinaman's beach. A sedgeland dominated by slender twine-rush ( ...
There is also a strong mangrove presence with Avicennia marina being particularly dominant. Buffel is the most common grass in ...
The main species of mangrove are the Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia schaueriana and Laguncularia racemosa. In areas cleared by ...
Avicennia marina is the conqueror of the forest which is found as a single dominant species. Southern side (mud flat) separates ...
Purnobasuki, Hery (January 2011). "Structure of Lenticels on the Pneumatophores of Avicennia marina: as Aerating Device Deliver ...
On Avicennia plants the caterpillars pupate inside the cases made out of the host plant leaves themselves. It is probably an ...
The mangroves found on the coastline of St Kilda consist of a single species, Avicennia marina var resinifera. In the upper ...
Coastal mangrove forests are found on some islands, and contain species of Rhizophora, Avicennia, Sonneratia, Xylocarpus, and ...
The low-lying area around the site is predominated by red (Rhizophora mangle) and black (Avicennia nitida) mangroves. The site ...
Avicennia suplemento 1: 1-165 page(s): 84 Debelius, H. & Kuiter, R.H. (2007) Nudibranchs of the world. ConchBooks, Frankfurt, ...
The hara tree, Avicennia marina, grows to heights of three to eight meters and has bright green leaves and twigs. The tree is a ... Dominated by the species Avicennia marina, known locally as the "hara" or "harra" tree, the forests represent an important ...
They are known to occupy tree hollows of the mangrove species Avicennia marina, but no other types of roost site are known. The ...
The Mangrove species like (Sonneratia apetala),Baine (Avicennia officinalis), Geoa (Excoecaria agallocha), (Acanthus ...
Laguncularia racemosa and Conocarpus erectus growing up to 10m tall among larger areas of Rhizophora and Avicennia. The tallest ...
Cuban mangrove forests' top layer is made up of 4 tree species: Rhizophora mangle (red mangrove), Avicennia germinans (black ...
Avicennia germinans), white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) and the buttonwood mangrove (Conocarpus erectus). The category of ...
Mangroves include Avicennia germinans, Avicennia schaueriana, Laguncularia racemosa and Rhizophora mangle. Riparian forests ...
Avicennia germinans) forest which thrives along the coasts of the region. Clutch size averages three eggs and both parents help ...
Genus: Avicennia. Species: Avicennia marina. Subspecies: Avicennia marina subsp. australasica - Avicennia marina subsp. ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Avicennia marina in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avicennia_marina&oldid=2558955" ...
Avicennia marina (AM) exhibits various biological activities and has been traditionally used in Egypt to cure skin diseases. In ... Keywords: avicequinone C; Avicennia marina; 5α-R1 inhibitory activity; cell-based bioassay avicequinone C; Avicennia marina; 5α ... Avicennia marina (AM) exhibits various biological activities and has been traditionally used in Egypt to cure skin diseases. In ... Jain R, Monthakantirat O, Tengamnuay P, De-Eknamkul W. Avicequinone C Isolated from Avicennia marina Exhibits 5α-Reductase-Type ...
Avicennia germinans), the community structure of the ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria (β-AOB) differed among distinct ... Avicennia germinans), the community structure of the ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria (β-AOB) differed among distinct ... In flooded and non-flooded impounded forests of Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans), the community structure of the ammonia- ... Changes in community composition of ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria from stands of Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) in ...
Salinity Induced Changes in the Leaf Anatomy of the Mangrove Avicennia marina along the Anthropogenically Stressed Tropical ... The mangrove Avicennia marina is a dominant mangrove along the anthropogenically stressed tropical Thane creek, west coast of ... These changes probably explain the stunted growth of Avicennia marina in high salinity environment and its vigorous growth at ... It was noticed that under the conditions of higher salinity, Avicennia marina showed increased thickness of hypodermal water ...
Avicennia officinalis is a folk medicinal plant used mainly against rheumatism, paralysis, asthma, snake-bites, skin disease, ... Phytochemical constituents from Avicennia officinalis leaf extracts were determined qualitatively. Crude extracts of the plants ...
Avicennia germinans, Rhizophora mangle) representing a variety of conditions (healthy, poor condition, dwarf) of a degraded ... Table 1. Leaf N concentration and leaf size of Avicennia germinans and Rhizophora mangle in a lagoon near Mazatlan, Mexico.. N ... From left to right: (a) healthy black mangrove (Avicennia germinans), (b) dwarf black mangrove, (c) poor condition black ... From left to right: (a) healthy black mangrove (Avicennia germinans), (b) dwarf black mangrove, (c) poor condition black ...
Avicennia officinalisSalinityDehydrinSubtractive hybridizationLeaf salt glandsDrought stress. Background. Avicennia officinalis ... A) Genomic Southern blot showing two copies of AoDHN1 in Avicennia officinalis. (B) Alignment of AoDHN1 and AoDHN2 (dehydrin ... Salt secretion is a dynamic and energy dependent process as shown in Avicennia species [9],[39]. Identification of genes that ... Full-length Avicennia officinalis Dehydrin1 (AoDHN1) cDNA was obtained by Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends. Phylogenetic ...
We studied survivorship and growth of seedlings of two species of mangrove, Rhizophora mangle L. and Avicennia germinans (L.) ... No individuals of either species survived at HHW, and neither did any LLW Avicennia seedlings. Among the surviving Rhizophora ... Forty-seven percent of MW Avicennia seedlings also survived 1 year. ...
... such as Avicennia spp., or black mangrove, contain many small "breathing" pores, called "lenticels." These allow oxygen to ...
colonize the seaward side of the intertidal area, while Avicennia marina develops at higher elevations, just below the salt- ... colonize the seaward side of the intertidal area, while Avicennia marina develops at higher elevations, just below the salt- ...
and Avicennia germinans (L.) L., are found frequently in scrub mangrove forests, in which individuals rarely exceed 1.5 m in ... and Avicennia germinans (L.) L., are found frequently in scrub mangrove forests, in which individuals rarely exceed 1.5 m in ... and Avicennia germinans (L.) L., are found frequently in scrub mangrove forests, in which individuals rarely exceed 1.5 m in ... and Avicennia germinans (L.) L., are found frequently in scrub mangrove forests, in which individuals rarely exceed 1.5 m in ...
Sarma, VV and Vittal, BPR (2000) Biodiversity of mangrove fungi on different substrata of Rhizophora apiculata and Avicennia ...
Population structure, density and food sources of Terebralia palustris (Potamididae: Gastropoda) in a low intertidal Avicennia ...
The characteristics of macrofauna communities in three mangrove assemblages[Avicennia marina+Acgiceras corniculatum (MC) ...
Avicennia alba is a species of tropical mangrove in the family Acanthaceae. It is found growing in coastal and estuarine ... Api-api putih Avicennia alba Wild fact sheets. Retrieved 2012-02-09. Species of Higher Marine Fungi Archived 2013-04-22 at the ... Api-api Putih (Avicennia alba) The Tide Chaser. Retrieved 2012-02-08. Api Api Putih Mangrove and Wetland Wildlife at Sungei ... Duke, N.; Kathiresan, K.; Salmo III, S.G.; Fernando, E.S.; Peras, J.R.; Sukardjo, S. & Miyagi, T. (2010). "Avicennia alba". ...
Source for information on Avicennia: A Dictionary of Plant Sciences dictionary. ... Avicennia (family Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae) A genus of small trees which have greyish, opposite leaves. ... Avicennia (family Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae) A genus of small trees which have greyish, opposite leaves. The flowers are ... Avicennia A Dictionary of Plant Sciences © A Dictionary of Plant Sciences 1998, originally published by Oxford University Press ...
... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T178830A7620385. . Downloaded on 19 March 2018.. ... Both Avicennia and Sonneratia species are the colonizing species on newly formed mudflats in SE Asia (Terrados et al. 1997).. ... Avicennia is a pantropical genus of about 8 species occupying diverse mangrove habitats. They can occur within the normal tide ...
... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T178844A7624677. . Downloaded on 22 February 2018.. ...
The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Avicennia . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles ...
Genus: Avicennia Species: A. bicolor - A. eucalyptifolia - A. germinans - A. integra - A. marina - A. schaueriana ... Avicennia. Published online. Accessed Jun. 25 2018.. *The Plant List 2013. Avicennia in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published ... Avicennia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World (version Mar. 2018). In: Roskov Y., Abucay L ... Avicennia . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jun. 25. ...
and Avicennia spp., without apparent impact on plant health (Peters et al. 1997, Macfarlane et al. 2003). Even though, it is ... Avicennia germinans (L.) Stearn., black mangle, seeds were obtained from Chabihau Bay, (21° 20′ 38″ N and 89° 05′ 08″ W) ... These changes suggested that the photosynthetic apparatus of Avicennia germinans was the primary target of the Cu+2 action. It ... Estas alterações sugerem que o aparelho fotossintético de Avicennia germinans foi o alvo principal da ação do Cu+2. Conclui-se ...
Avicennia marina is the only naturally occurring mangrove specie in the arid Arabian Gulf coast of the United Arab Emirates ( ... Mangrove Avicennia marina Biomass characterization Lignocellulose Glucan This is a preview of subscription content, log in to ... Avicennia marina is the only naturally occurring mangrove specie in the arid Arabian Gulf coast of the United Arab Emirates ( ... Konig G, Rimpler H (1985) Iridoid glucosides in Avicennia marina. Phytochemistry 24:1245-1248CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Avicennia alba Blume. Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlansch Indië Vol. 14: 821 (1826) ...
Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.. Corner, E. J. H., 1988. Waysides Trees of Malaya. Vol. 1-2. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur. Sosef, M. S. M., L. T. Hong & S. Prawirohatmodjo, 1998. Plant Resources of South-East Asia - No. 5(3): Timber trees: Lesser Known Timbers. Bogor, Indonesia.. ...
Avicennia. 20: 41-44. Garrigues B. & Lamy D. (2019). Inventaire des Muricidae récoltés au cours de la campagne MADIBENTHOS du ...
Avicennia have the highest salt tolerance of mangrove trees. They do not exclude salts at the root level. In fact, their sap is ... 2 Responses to "API-API (Avicennia spp); SEJARAH SERTA KEISTIMEWANNYA" * how much should i weigh for my height and age. Says: ... API-API (Avicennia spp); SEJARAH SERTA KEISTIMEWANNYA Mac 3, 2010. Filed under: Paya bakau - zainura66 @ 10:08 am Tags: hutan ... Avicennia have the highest salt tolerance of mangrove trees. They do not exclude salts at the root level. In fact, their sap is ...
Antonyms for Avicennia marina. 1 synonym for Avicennia marina: black mangrove. What are synonyms for Avicennia marina? ... Avicennia marina synonyms, Avicennia marina antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/Avicennia+marina ... Avicennia,type:4},{name:genus Avicennia,type:4}]},/script, ,svg width=720px height=600px id=vtSvg viewBox=0 0 ... Synonyms for Avicennia marina. a mangrove of the West Indies and the southern Florida coast. Synonyms. *black mangrove ...
Report for Avicennia eucalyptifolia (Zipp.). inserted: Jan 1st 2012, 12:00 am. Family. Avicenniaceae ...
Report for Avicennia alba Blume. inserted: Jan 1st 2012, 12:00 am. Family. Avicenniaceae ...
Nutrients in Avicennia Officinalis. List of various diseases cured by Avicennia Officinalis. How Avicennia Officinalis is ... Names of Avicennia Officinalis in various languages of the world are also given. ...
In Australia, New Guinea and the southwestern Pacific five species are recognised in Avicennia L. Four are redescribed in view ... Duke, Norman Clive (1988) The mangrove genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australia. PhD thesis, James Cook University. ... Comparisons with other Avicennia species were made using the same five enzyme systems, and three additional ones (aspartate ... flowering seasons; fruiting; hybrids; leaf litter; mangroves; morphology; Avicennia; taxonomy. Related URLs:. *http://eprints. ...
Avicennia schaueriana has simple, broad leaves. Avicennia schaueriana form mangroves. It is a photoautotroph. ... Avicennia schaueriana is a species of tree in the family Acanthaceae. It has a self-supporting growth form. It is native to São ... Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Avicennia schaueriana Stapf & Leechman ex Mold.. View this species ...
Big Cypress Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger avicennia) « Searching for a Florida Panther Den. ...
Avicennia Edit living systems. Natalie Chen. January 22, 2018. Shared with everyone Edit visibility ...
In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of silver nanoparticle synthesized Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh.: A green synthetic ... Background: The Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh., commonly known as gray mangrove, has been used as traditional medicine for ... In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of silver nanoparticle synthesized Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh.: A green synthetic ...
Soil and Rhizosphere Associated Fungi in Gray Mangroves (Avicennia marina) from the Red Sea--A Metagenomic Approach. ... Diversity and N-acyl-homoserine lactone production by Gammaproteobacteria associated with Avicennia marina rhizosphere of South ... Rhizosphere microbiome metagenomics of gray mangroves (Avicennia marina) in the Red Sea 2015 Gene ... Rhizosphere microbiome metagenomics of gray mangroves (Avicennia marina) in the Red Sea. ...
Conclusion: The results suggested that Luteolin isolated from Avicennia marina could probably induce apoptosis on breast cancer ... Objective(s): Regarding the presence of many active biological constituents in Avicennia marina, the present investigation was ... Objective(s): Regarding the presence of many active biological constituents in Avicennia marina, the present investigation was ... New flavonoids from Avicennia marina. Fitoterapia 2000; 71:274-277.. 14. Twentyman PR, Luscombe M. A study of some variables in ...
Avicennia marina Avicennia marina taxonomy:. × Domain: Eukaryota. Kingdom: Viridiplantae. Phylum: Magnoliophyta (Angiosperms). ...
avicennia Howell (Big Cypress fox squirrel) and S. n. ssp. ubauratus [23,24]. While eastern and mid-western subspecies are now ... avicennia occurs in southern Florida; S. n. ssp. subauratus occurs on the Mississippi River floodplain [23]. The range of mid- ... Big Cypress fox squirrel: Sciurus niger avicennia. In: Humphrey, Stephen R., editor. Rare and endangered biota of Florida. ...
  • In flooded and non-flooded impounded forests of Black mangrove ( Avicennia germinans ), the community structure of the ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria (β-AOB) differed among distinct mangrove vegetation cover types and hydrological regimes. (frontiersin.org)
  • we investigated the effects of vegetation cover type and summer flooding on the process of ammonia oxidation in soils collected from mangrove stands that were dominated by Black mangrove ( Avicennia germinans ) of differing statures that occurred in impoundments with dissimilar hydrologic regimes. (frontiersin.org)
  • and Avicennia germinans (L.) L., are found frequently in scrub mangrove forests, in which individuals rarely exceed 1.5 m in height. (elsevier.com)
  • Avicennia marina in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (wikimedia.org)
  • The mangrove Avicennia marina is a dominant mangrove along the anthropogenically stressed tropical Thane creek, west coast of India. (omicsonline.org)
  • These changes probably explain the stunted growth of Avicennia marina in high salinity environment and its vigorous growth at lower salinity. (omicsonline.org)
  • colonize the seaward side of the intertidal area, while Avicennia marina develops at higher elevations, just below the salt-flat . (usf.edu)
  • The mangrove tree Avicennia officinalis has evolved salt tolerance mechanisms such as salt secretion through specialized glands on its leaves. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Full-length Avicennia officinalis Dehydrin1 ( AoDHN1 ) cDNA was obtained by Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends. (biomedcentral.com)
  • qRT-PCR analysis of Avicennia showed up-regulation of AoDHN1 in response to salt and drought treatments. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Avicennia (family Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae) A genus of small trees which have greyish, opposite leaves. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia. (ac.ir)
  • Avicennia marina [Avicenniaceae] is a species of mangrove tree used for treatment of small pox lesions in Persian folk medicine . (bvsalud.org)
  • Avicennia is a pantropical genus of about 8 species occupying diverse mangrove habitats. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Plants of the genus Avicennia are a characteristic constituent of tropical mangrove vegetation. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Additional notes on the genus Avicennia. (biodiversitylibrary.org)
  • 12. Khafagi I, Gab-Alla A, Salama W, Fouda M. Biological activities and phytochemical constituents of the gray mangrove Avicennia marina (Forssk. (ac.ir)
  • Morphophysiological Traits of Gray Mangrove ( Avicennia marina (Forsk. (hindawi.com)
  • Photosynthetic CO2 Fixation in Pneumatophores of Gray Mangrove, Avicennia marina. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Gray mangrove (Avicennia marina) on the island of Tonga. (accessscience.com)
  • Because Avicennia species regenerate branches easily from their trunk, it is possible to harvest branches without hurting the tree and maintain mangroves for such harvests (called coppicing). (wordpress.com)
  • Avicennia is among the few used in replanting mangroves to protect coastlines (the others are Sonneratia and Rhizophora). (wordpress.com)
  • Most of the mangroves here are found near the Indus Delta, where four types of mangrove species exist but Avicennia Marina dominates the region. (freethesaurus.com)
  • In this work, we carried out a metagenomic study by comparing the microbial community of mangrove sediment with the rhizosphere microbiome of Avicennia marina, in northern Red Sea mangroves, along the coast of Saudi Arabia. (edu.sa)
  • Soil and Rhizosphere Associated Fungi in Gray Mangroves (Avicennia marina) from the Red Sea--A Metagenomic Approach. (edu.sa)
  • Diversity and N-acyl-homoserine lactone production by Gammaproteobacteria associated with Avicennia marina rhizosphere of South Indian mangroves. (edu.sa)
  • ABSTRACT: In New Zealand, one species of mangrove, Avicennia marina var. (int-res.com)
  • These changes probably explain the stunted growth of Avicennia marina in high salinity environment and its vigorous growth at lower salinity. (omicsonline.org)
  • Avicennia alba is a species of tropical mangrove in the family Acanthaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Avicennia schaueriana is a species of tree in the family Acanthaceae . (eol.org)
  • Avicennia marina (family Acanthaceae ) has been used as traditional medicine in Iran to treat some diseases such as ulcers, rheumatism and burns. (ac.ir)
  • Avicennia included in Acanthaceae. (berkeley.edu)
  • Comparative study of the disjunct zonation pattern of the grey mangrove Avicennia marina (Forsk. (freethesaurus.com)
  • We imaged an Avicennia marina (grey mangrove) stand using an RGB camera mounted on a UAV. (frontiersin.org)
  • Molecular cloning and functional characterization of two kinds of betaine-aldehyde dehydrogenase in betaine-accumulating mangrove Avicennia marina (Forsk. (freethesaurus.com)
  • During spring and summer 2011 (June-July) the pollens were collected from flowers of Avicennia marina (Forsk. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Comparative study of Avicennia marina (Forsk. (freethesaurus.com)
  • بررسی تاثیر عصاره آبی برگ گیاه حرا (Avicennia marina (Forsk. (ac.ir)
  • In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of silver nanoparticle synthesized Avicennia marina (Forssk. (greenpharmacy.info)
  • Background: The Avicennia marina (Forssk. (greenpharmacy.info)
  • Biological effects of Avicennia marina (Forssk. (medworm.com)
  • Both Avicennia and Sonneratia species are the colonizing species on newly formed mudflats in SE Asia (Terrados et al . (iucnredlist.org)
  • Process of Colonisation and Succession in a Pond Colonisation and Succession in a Mangrove Swamp Avicennia and Sonneratia zone Can withstand salt water and the movement of the tides. (prezi.com)
  • mangrove species in the seaward zone form a woodland about 8 m high, dominated by Sonneratia alba, Avicennia marina and Aegiceras corniculatum. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Latin name for a mangrove tree is Avicennia Marina , named after the Islamic scholar Ibn Sina, or Avicenna by his Latin name, who studied the mangrove. (freethesaurus.com)
  • White mangrove, black mangrove, olive mangrove (En). (prota.org)
  • 2000: Avicennia marina (mangrove) leaf (40x), Fluorescence and Differential Interference Contrast. (wired.com)
  • Leaf and stem extracts of Avicennia marina did not show any mutagenicity on this strain. (ac.ir)
  • In the present study, we evaluated the different solvent extracts of mangrove Avicennia marina for their toxicity against larvae of three major mosquito vectors, as well as selected microbial pathogens. (medworm.com)
  • The experimental diabetic groups received the aqueous extract of Ferula assa-foetid a (100 and 200 mg/kg, ip) and Avicennia marina (100 and 200 mg/kg, ip) in alternate days for one month. (ac.ir)
  • More specifically, Irwanto (2007) states that it is the Avicennia marina (api-api) mangrove type that filters and reduces the heavy metal pollution level by means of heavy metal accumulation (uptake and storage in leaf organs, roots and stems). (freethesaurus.com)
  • Api-api Putih (Avicennia alba) The Tide Chaser. (wikipedia.org)
  • Api-api putih Avicennia alba Wild fact sheets. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Australia, New Guinea and the southwestern Pacific five species are recognised in Avicennia L. Four are redescribed in view of their Indo-Malesian counterparts, A. alba Bl. (edu.au)
  • 1760), Avicennia africana P.Beauv. (prota.org)
  • Avicennia schaueriana Stapf & Leechman ex Mold. (eol.org)
  • Avicennia schaueriana has simple , broad leaves. (eol.org)
  • Avicennia schaueriana form mangrove s. (eol.org)
  • Site GPS Coordinates Vegetation 1 Between Avicennia marina N 25[degrees] 54. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Avicennia marina is the dominant vegetation in the shores of the Red Sea. (edu.sa)
  • On the landward edge is a 4 m high thicket of Avicennia marina, Ceriops tagal and Aegialitis annulata. (wikipedia.org)
  • De-Eknamkul, W. Avicequinone C Isolated from Avicennia marina Exhibits 5α-Reductase-Type 1 Inhibitory Activity Using an Androgenic Alopecia Relevant Cell-Based Assay System. (mdpi.com)
  • Jain R, Monthakantirat O, Tengamnuay P, De-Eknamkul W. Avicequinone C Isolated from Avicennia marina Exhibits 5α-Reductase-Type 1 Inhibitory Activity Using an Androgenic Alopecia Relevant Cell-Based Assay System. (mdpi.com)
  • Willert, D.J. 'Low salinities adversely affect photosynthetic performance of the mangrove, Avicennia marina. (muohio.edu)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Avicennia . (usda.gov)
  • Seven different plants including Avicennia marina ( Qurm ), Fagonia indica ( Shoka'a ), Lawsania inermis ( Henna ), Portulaca oleracea ( Baq'lah ), Salvadora persica ( Souwak ), Ziziphus spina- Christi ( Sidr ) and Asphodelus tenuifolius ( Kufer ) were ground and extracted with ethanol. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Avicennia marina showed positive effects on proliferation of lymphocytes and their mutagenicity, therefore, it could be considered as a good candidate in treatment of immunodeficiency diseases. (ac.ir)
  • Avicennia marina (AM) exhibits various biological activities and has been traditionally used in Egypt to cure skin diseases. (mdpi.com)
  • Inventaire des Muricidae récoltés au cours de la campagne MADIBENTHOS du MNHN en Martinique (Antilles Françaises) et description de 12 nouvelles espèces des genres Dermomurex, Attilosa, Acanthotrophon, Favartia, Muricopsis et Pygmaepterys (Mollusca, Gastropoda). (wikipedia.org)
  • avicennia Howell (Big Cypress fox squirrel) and S. n. ssp. (fed.us)
  • Almardeai S, Bastidas-Oyanedel JR, Haris S, Schmidt JE (2017) Avicennia marina biomass characterization towards bioproducts. (springer.com)
  • Viviparous seedlings of Avicennia will be carried by the sea-current. (prezi.com)
  • Forty-seven percent of MW Avicennia seedlings also survived 1 year. (harvard.edu)
  • No individuals of either species survived at HHW, and neither did any LLW Avicennia seedlings. (harvard.edu)
  • Jacaranone analogs, marinoids F-1 (1-4) have been reported from fruits of Avicennia marina , with one of the isolates (4) showing good antioxidant activity [72]. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Avicennia have the highest salt tolerance of mangrove trees. (wordpress.com)
  • The mangrove Avicennia marina is a dominant mangrove along the anthropogenically stressed tropical Thane creek, west coast of India. (omicsonline.org)
  • Avicennia marina is the only naturally occurring mangrove specie in the arid Arabian Gulf coast of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). (springer.com)
  • Esta zona pose varias características especiales, pues se ubica en una franja latitudinal con influencia de una corriente marina fría y en menor grado de las masas de agua del Pacífico tropical Mexicano. (gbif.org)