Aviadenovirus: A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that infects birds. The type species is FOWL ADENOVIRUS A.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.GermanyRed Cross: International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksVanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Oligochaeta: A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.Myxobolus: The largest genus in the family Myxobolidae, class MYXOSPOREA, containing over 400 species.Protozoan Infections, Animal: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.Spores, Protozoan: A vegetative stage in the life cycle of sporozoan protozoa. It is characteristic of members of the phyla APICOMPLEXA and MICROSPORIDIA.Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Parasitology: The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Fowl adenovirus A: The type species of the genus AVIADENOVIRUS, family ADENOVIRIDAE, an oncogenic virus of birds. This is also called CELO virus for chick embryo lethal orphan virus.Siadenovirus: A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE comprising species including viruses of frogs (FROGS AND TOADS) and TURKEYS. The type species is Frog adenovirus.Atadenovirus: A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that comprises viruses of several species of MAMMALS and BIRDS. The type species is Ovine adenovirus D.Adenoviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the ADENOVIRIDAE.Inclusion Bodies, Viral: An area showing altered staining behavior in the nucleus or cytoplasm of a virus-infected cell. Some inclusion bodies represent "virus factories" in which viral nucleic acid or protein is being synthesized; others are merely artifacts of fixation and staining. One example, Negri bodies, are found in the cytoplasm or processes of nerve cells in animals that have died from rabies.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Poultry Diseases: Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Dictionaries, ChemicalAnguillaAdenoviruses, Simian: Species of the genus MASTADENOVIRUS associated with respiratory and enteric infections in primate hosts.Air Sacs: Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.Dracunculoidea: A superfamily of nematodes of the suborder CAMALLANINA. Its organisms possess a poorly developed buccal cavity and a rudimentary esophagus and intestine.Spirurida Infections: Infections with nematodes of the order SPIRURIDA.Eels: Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.Molecular Sequence Annotation: The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.Open Reading Frames: A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.alpha-Macroglobulins: Glycoproteins with a molecular weight of approximately 620,000 to 680,000. Precipitation by electrophoresis is in the alpha region. They include alpha 1-macroglobulins and alpha 2-macroglobulins. These proteins exhibit trypsin-, chymotrypsin-, thrombin-, and plasmin-binding activity and function as hormonal transporters.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.DNA Viruses: Viruses whose nucleic acid is DNA.Phycodnaviridae: A family of DNA plant viruses that infect eukaryotic algae.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Mastadenovirus: A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that infects MAMMALS including humans and causes a wide range of diseases. The type species is Human adenovirus C (see ADENOVIRUSES, HUMAN).

Application of the polymerase chain reaction to detect fowl adenoviruses. (1/57)

The possibility of using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of fowl adenoviruses (FAdV) was tested. The optimal reaction parameters were evaluated and defined for purified genomic DNA of type 8 fowl adenovirus (FAdV-8), and then the same conditions were applied for nucleic acid extracted from infected cells. One hundred picograms of purified viral DNA, or 250 FAdV-8-infected cells, were detected by ethidium bromide staining of the PCR products in agarose gels. The sensitivity was increased to 10 pg purified viral DNA, or 25 infected cells, when the PCR products were hybridized with a specific labeled probe. Several field isolates of FAdV and the CELO virus (FAdV serotype 1) could be amplified by the same primers and conditions, but the size of the amplicons was smaller than that for the FAdV-8 PCR product. Other avian viruses and uninfected cell cultures tested negative.  (+info)

Characterization of CELO virus proteins that modulate the pRb/E2F pathway. (2/57)

The avian adenovirus CELO can, like the human adenoviruses, transform several mammalian cell types, yet it lacks sequence homology with the transforming, early regions of human adenoviruses. In an attempt to identify how CELO virus activates the E2F-dependent gene expression important for S phase in the host cell, we have identified two CELO virus open reading frames that cooperate in activating an E2F-inducible reporter system. The encoded proteins, GAM-1 and Orf22, were both found to interact with the retinoblastoma protein (pRb), with Orf22 binding to the pocket domain of pRb, similar to other DNA tumor virus proteins, and GAM-1 interacting with pRb regions outside the pocket domain. The motif in Orf22 responsible for the pRb interaction is essential for Orf22-mediated E2F activation, yet it is remarkably unlike the E1A LxCxD and may represent a novel form of pRb-binding peptide.  (+info)

The complete nucleotide sequence of fowl adenovirus type 8. (3/57)

The fowl adenovirus type 8 (FAdV-8) genome was sequenced and found to be 45063 nucleotides in length, the longest adenovirus (AdV) genome for which the complete nucleotide sequence has been determined so far. No regions homologous to early regions 1, 3 and 4 (E1, E3 and E4) of mastadenoviruses were recognized. Gene homologues for early region 2 (E2) proteins, intermediate protein IVa2 and late proteins were found by their similarities to protein sequences from other AdVs. However, sequences homologous to intermediate protein IX and late protein V could not be identified. Sequences for virus-associated RNA could also not be recognized. Two regions of repeated sequences were found on the FAdV-8 genome. The shorter repeat region contained five identical and contiguous direct repeats that were each 33 bp long, while the longer repeat region was made of 13 identical and contiguous, 135 bp long repeated subunits.  (+info)

DNA sequence of frog adenovirus. (4/57)

The genome of frog adenovirus (FrAdV-1) was sequenced and found to be the smallest of all known adenovirus genomes. The sequence obtained was 26163 bp in size and contains a substantial direct repeat near the right terminus, implying that it was derived by recombination from a parental genome of only 25517 bp. The closest relative of FrAdV-1 proved to be turkey adenovirus 3, an avian adenovirus with no previously known near relative. Sequence comparisons showed that the two viruses have equivalent gene complements, including one gene the product of which is related to sialidases. Phylogenetic analyses supported the establishment of a fourth adenovirus genus containing these two viruses, in addition to the established genera Mastadenovirus: and Aviadenovirus: and the proposed genus Atadenovirus: Sixteen genes were identified as being conserved between these four lineages and were presumably inherited from an ancestral adenovirus.  (+info)

Pathogenicity and gene analysis of adenovirus from pigeons with inclusion body hepatitis. (5/57)

The pathogenicity of an adenovirus isolated from pigeons (Pigeon adenovirus, PA) with inclusion body hepatitis in Taiwan was investigated in specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicks and in racing pigeons. One-day-old SPF chicks were inoculated subcutaneously with 10(4) 50% tissue culture infective dose (TCID50, low dose) and 10(8) TCID50 (high dose) of the virus, respectively. The chicks began to die three days post inoculation (DPI) with high dose of the virus and the mortality reached 100%; the chicks began to die 6 DPI and the mortality reached 90% at 14 DPI with low dose. The adult pigeons seemed to be resistant to the PA. However, this virus decreased the production of antibody against Newcastle disease virus in pigeons. It is found that this PA belongs to genetic group D from the restriction patterns produced by BamH I and Hind III.  (+info)

Serological monitoring on layer farms with specific pathogen-free chickens. (6/57)

To monitor the existence of avian pathogens in laying chicken flocks, specific pathogen-free (SPF) chickens were introduced into two layer farms and reared with laying hens for 12 months. SPF chickens were bled several times after their introduction and examined for their sero-conversion to avian pathogens. As a result, antibodies to eight or ten kinds of pathogens were detected in SPF chickens on each farm. Antibodies to infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), avian nephritis virus, Mycoplasma gallisepticum and M. synoviae were detected early within the first month. Antibody titer to IBV suggested that the laying chickens were infected with IBV repeatedly during the experiment on both farms. However, antibodies to infectious bursal disease virus and 6 pathogens were not detected.  (+info)

Construction of avian adenovirus CELO recombinants in cosmids. (7/57)

The avian adenovirus CELO is a promising vector for gene transfer applications. In order to study this potentiality, we developed an improved method for construction of adenovirus vectors in cosmids that was used to engineer the CELO genome. For all the recombinant viruses constructed by this method, the ability to produce infectious particles and the stability of the genome were evaluated in a chicken hepatocarcinoma cell line (LMH cell line). Our aim was to develop a replication-competent vector for vaccination of chickens, so we first generated knockout point mutations into 16 of the 22 unassigned CELO open reading frames (ORFs) to determine if they were essential for virus replication. As the 16 independent mutant viruses replicated in our cellular system, we constructed CELO genomes with various deletions in the regions of these nonessential ORFs. An expression cassette coding for the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) was inserted in place of these deletions to easily follow expression of the transgene and propagation of the vector in cell monolayers. Height-distinct GFP-expressing CELO vectors were produced that were all replication competent in our system. We then retained the vector backbone with the largest deletion (i.e., 3.6 kb) for the construction of vectors carrying cDNA encoding infectious bursal disease virus proteins. These CELO vectors could be useful for vaccination in the chicken species.  (+info)

The long repeat region is dispensable for fowl adenovirus replication in vitro. (8/57)

Two regions containing tandemly repeated sequences are present in the fowl adenovirus 9 (FAdV-9) genome. The longer repeat region (TR-2) is composed of 13 contiguous 135-bp-long direct repeats, the function of which is unknown. An infectious FAdV-9 genomic clone, constructed by homologous recombination in Escherichia coli, was used for engineering of recombinant viruses. The enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) coding sequence was cloned in both rightward and leftward orientations so as to replace TR-2. Replication-competent recombinant FAdVs were recovered, demonstrating that TR-2 was dispensable for FAdV-9 propagation in vitro. The expression of EGFP in infected cells was demonstrated by fluorescence microscopy, immunoprecipitation, and RT-PCR.  (+info)

Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90-100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome. Their name derives from their initial isolation from human adenoids in 1953. They have a broad range of vertebrate hosts; in humans, more than 50 distinct adenoviral serotypes have been found to cause a wide range of illnesses, from mild respiratory infections in young children (known as the common cold) to life-threatening multi-organ disease in people with a weakened immune system. Group: dsDNA Order: Unassigned Family: Adenoviridae Genus: Atadenovirus Bovine atadenovirus D Duck atadenovirus A Ovine atadenovirus D Possum atadenovirus A Snake atadenovirus A Genus: Aviadenovirus Falcon aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D Fowl aviadenovirus E Goose aviadenovirus A Turkey aviadenovirus B Genus: Ichtadenovirus Sturgeon ...
Introduction. According to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), host range specificity, genomic organisation, virion properties, structure, size and serological differences divide the large family of Adenoviridae into four distinct genera (Benkő et al. 2005). At present, these genera areMastadenovirus (infecting mammals), Aviadenovirus (infecting birds), Atadenovirus (named after the bias of their genomes containing high A+T content infecting a broad range of hosts including ruminants, as well as avian, reptilian and marsupial hosts), and Siadenovirus (infects birds and frogs). The fifth suggested genus is called Ichtadenovirus, isolated from fish (Benkő et al. 2005; Kovács et al. 2003).. The genus Aviadenovirus is further divided into eight species: Falcon adenovirus A, Fowl adenovirus(FAdV) A, Fowl adenovirus B, Fowl adenovirus C, Fowl adenovirus D, Fowl adenovirus E, Goose adenovirus A and Turkey adenovirus B. Fowl adenovirus 1 (FAdV-1) belongs to species A and FAdV-5 ...
Looking for inclusion body hepatitis? Find out information about inclusion body hepatitis. Any of the abnormal structures appearing within the cell nucleus or the cytoplasm during the course of virus multiplication Explanation of inclusion body hepatitis
Alonso-Padilla J, Papp T, Kaján GL, Benkő M, Havenga M, Lemckert A, Harrach B, Baker AH (2016) Development of novel adenoviral vectors to overcome challenges observed with HAdV-5 based constructs. Mol Ther. 24:6-16. doi:10.1038/mt.2015.194. Marek A, Kajan GL, Kosiol C, Harrach B, Schlotterer C, Hess M (2014) Complete genome sequences of pigeon adenovirus 1 and duck adenovirus 2 extend the number of species within the genus Aviadenovirus. Virology 462-463C:107-114. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2014.04.033. Kaján GL, Kecskeméti S, Harrach B, Benkő M (2013) Molecular typing of fowl adenoviruses, isolated in Hungary recently, reveals high diversity. Vet Microbiol. 167:357-363. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.09.025. Marek A, Kosiol C, Harrach B, Kaján GL, Schlötterer C, Hess M (2013) The first whole genome sequence of a Fowl adenovirus B strain enables interspecies comparisons within the genus Aviadenovirus. Vet Microbiol. 166:250-256. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.05.017. Zadravec M, Slavec B, Krapez U, Kajan ...
... is caused by an adenovirus. It mainly affects older poults or adult birds. There is sudden mortality in birds in good condition.
Inclusion body hepatitis caused by different fowl aviadenovirus (FAdV) serotypes has been described in several countries in recent years. In Spain, from the spring of 2011 to 2013, an increased number of outbreaks in broiler and broiler breeder flocks from different regions occurred. The objectives of the present work were to carry out the molecular characterization of FAdV strains from Spanish inclusion body hepatitis cases and to study the pathogenicity and viral dynamics of these strains in specific pathogen-free (SPF) chickens. A total of 52 inclusion body hepatitis clinical cases, including 45 from broiler farms and seven from broiler breeder farms, were analysed by conventional polymerase chain reaction and sequencing targeting the FAdV hexon gene. From these, 37 strains were classified as FAdV type 8b, while the remaining 15 were classified as FAdV types 11 (n = 10), 2 (n = 4) and 8a (n = 1). In addition, two different FAdVs belonging to the genotypes 8b and 11 were used for experimental ...
Marek, Ana and Kaján, Győző and Kosiol, Carolin and Benkő, Mária and Schachner, Anna and Hess, Michael (2016) Genetic diversity of species Fowl aviadenovirus D and Fowl aviadenovirus E. Journal of General Virology, 97. pp. 2323-2332. ISSN 0022-1317 (print), 1465-2099 (online) Pénzes, Judt J. and Pham, Hanh T. and Benkő, Mária and Tijssen, Peter (2015) Novel parvoviruses in reptiles and genome sequence of a lizard parvovirus shed light on Dependoparvovirus genus evolution. Journal of General Virology, 96 (9). pp. 2569-2579. ISSN 0022-1317 (print), 1465-2099 (online) Pénzes, Judt J. and Menendez-Conejero, R. and Condezo, G.N. and Ball, Ina and Papp, Tibor and Doszpoly, Andor and Paradela, A and Perez-Berna, A.J. and Lopez-Sans, M and Nguyen, T. H. and van Raaij, M.J. and Marschang, R.E. and Harrach, Balázs and Benkő, Mária and San Martin, C (2014) Molecular characterization of a lizard adenovirus reveals the first atadenovirus with two fiber genes and the first adenovirus with either ...
The genome of the avian adenovirus Chicken Embryo Lethal Orphan (CELO) has two terminal regions without detectable homology in mammalian adenoviruses that are left without annotation in the initial analysis. Since adenoviruses have been a rich source of new insights into molecular cell biology and practical applications of CELO as gene a delivery vector are being considered, this genome appeared worth revisiting. We conducted a systematic reannotation and in-depth sequence analysis of the CELO genome. We describe a strongly diverged paralogous cluster including ORF-2, ORF-12, ORF-13, and ORF-14 with an ATPase/helicase domain most likely acquired from adeno-associated parvoviruses. None of these ORFs appear to have retained ATPase/helicase function and alternative functions (e.g. modulation of gene expression during the early life-cycle) must be considered in an adenoviral context. Further, we identified a cluster of three putative type-1-transmembrane glycoproteins with IG-like domains (ORF-9, ORF-10,
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Looking for online definition of enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus in the Medical Dictionary? enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus explanation free. What is enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus? Meaning of enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus medical term. What does enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus mean?
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LABUSCAGNE, Annemarie; SPENCER, B. Tom; PICARD, Jackie A. and WILLIAMS, Mark C.. An investigation to determine the cause of haemorrhagic enteritis in commercial pig grower units in the northern parts of South Africa. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2012, vol.83, n.1, pp.59-65. ISSN 2224-9435.. Necropsies were performed on 36 grower pigs that died peracutely on farms in the northern parts of South Africa. All these pigs were suffering from haemorrhagic enteritis and suspected toxaemia. Samples of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum were taken for histopathological examination and a section of ileum was collected for microbiological examination from each animal. Histological lesions characteristic of enterotoxigenic Clostridium infection were found. Large, Gram-positive bacilli were sometimes abundant in sections and mucosal smears of the intestine. However, only 40% of the cultures were positive for Clostridium perfringens.. ...
The present study describes the development of a SYBR Green based real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) for detection and quantitation of all fowl adenovirus (FAdV) species. Primers were designed based on conserved nucleotide sequences within the 52K gene. Ten-fold serial dilutions of a vector DNA were used as standard for quantitation. The real-time PCR had an efficiency of 98%, a regression squared value of 0.999 and showed a range of 6.73-6.73×10(8) copies of FAdV DNA per reaction. The assay was highly specific for FAdVs and an exact quantitation of all 5 FAdV species (FAdV-A to FAdV-E) could be demonstrated. It was shown, that twelve FAdV serotypes (FAdV-1 to 8a, and 8b to 11) were detectable and quantifiable. Other viral genomes as well as uninfected chicken embryo liver (CEL) cells did not produce positive signal. Cloacal swabs were taken during the animal experiment, which was performed with all FAdV species. Shedding of FAdVs was investigated in cell culture, by ...
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1. Programování, programovací jazyky, historie. 2. Datové typy, reprezentace čísel v počítači, celočíselný datový typ, typ s plovoucí desetinnou čárkou. 3. Proměnné, deklarace proměnných, operátory, priorita operací, výrazy, přiřazovací příkaz. 4. Řízení běhu programu, větvení, cykly, pole. 5. Statické metody, význam, deklarace, volání, přetížení, rekurze. 6. Ošetření chyb, chyby vzniklé za běhu programu, výjimky. 7. Algoritmy: Erastothenovo síto, Euklidův algoritmus, algoritmy třídění, binární vyhledávání. 8. Složitost algoritmů. 9. Možnosti zrychlování algoritmů. 10. Datové struktury. 11. Třídy a objekty. 12. Vlastnosti, metody, události. 13. Dědičnost. 14. Projekty. ...
Že mnogo let pred nami so ljudje uživali v dišavljenju, še posebej Rimljani. Mazali so se z dišečimi olji, dišavili domove, zastave, hišne ljubljenčke in celo golobe! Golobi so bili nekakšni "pra-difuzorji", s katerimi so dišavili zrak. Uporaba mire in bosvelije se je v starem Rimu merila v tonah.. ...
186\186"Microscopically, extensive dystrophic changes and necroses of liver parenchyma are detected. In the nuclei of hepatocytes, basophilic or eosinophilic inclusion bodies are detected. The basophilic inclusion bodies are usually dense and occupy the entire nuclear inner space (arrow b), whereas the eosinophilic ones are round or irregularly shaped and surrounded by a light halo (arrow e). The diagnosis is based upon the typical gross lesions and the history records.A principal approach in IBH diagnostics is the histological investigation that helps to detect the intranuclear inclusion bodies. IBH should be distinguished mainly from IBD and chicken infectious anaemia (CIA). With regard to IBH prevention and control, the eggs of broiler parent flocks, where the disease is consecutively appearing in the progeny, should not be used for hatching. The access of wild birds should be prevented as they are potential carriers and distributors of the virus. The most important steps in IBH prevention ...
A total number of 224 cloacal swabs were examined for hemagglutinating activity from 4 different poultry farms of Noakhali district in Bangladesh. Out of the total samples 15 exhibited positive reactions with chicken erythrocytes. Among the 15 positive samples, 11 were found to be positive for Newcastle disease virus. The highest (100%) prevalence of Newcastle disease virus was found in Ram Nagar union and the lowest (66.66%) were found in Rajapur union. Seventy five percent prevalence was found in Jaylashker and Matubhuyian union. The overall prevalence of Newcastle disease virus was found to be 79.17% in the four unions. No egg drop syndrome virus and avian influenza viruses were identified in the samples those gave positive result in hemaggluntination test ...
The Atlanta Falcons played their third preseason game of their 2016 campaign and the Falcons first round pick Keanu Neal suffered a breath taking injury that left fans hoping for the best.. Atlanta Falcons rookie safety Keanu Neal suffered a minor knee injury during last nights game and he will miss 3-5 weeks for the Falcons. Checkout the official release regarding Keanu Neals injury below. Former Altanta Falcons safety William Moore has already stated he wouldnt mind returning to the Falcons secondary due to Neals injury.. ...
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Veterinary Manual was first published in 1955 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Veterinary Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.. ...
Italian Designer Massimo Faion created Posa Project, a new interpretation of falcon perches that comes directly from the original aesthetical criterions and combined with luxurious materials they become a precious object, a statement going beyond its functional value. It combines volumes and geometric forms adapted to precise technical requirements.. For the international launch of the project, Carwan Gallery presentedPosa Project: Luxurious Falcon Perches an installation of four collectible falcon perches with a live falcon performance. Posa Project is a selected event part of Design Days Dubai official program.. The solid beech wooden ring is handmade from a factory in Italy that developed the components of the famous Thonet chair. The bases are made of a fine selection of Italian marble, all turned and hand finished. The metallic components are made of pure brass by Milan artisans. These central elegant brass elements are then plated with precious metals in collaboration with De Vecchi, an ...
Class III viruses that have a segmented double-stranded RNA genome with eight to ten segments each coding for a different polypeptide. Only one of the RNA strands (the minus strand) acts as template for mRNA (plus strand). The capsid is icosahedral and the virion has all the enzymes needed to synthesize mRNA. Reoviruses are found in the gut and respiratory tract where they seem to be nonpathogenic (respiratory, enteric, orphan viruses), although some pathogenic viruses including orbivirus and rotavirus are now classed as reoviruses. ...
cd oozie-4.0.0-falcon/bin $ ./oozied.sh start Setting OOZIE_HOME: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon Setting OOZIE_CONFIG: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/conf Sourcing: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/conf/oozie-env.sh setting CATALINA_OPTS=$CATALINA_OPTS -Xmx1024m Setting OOZIE_CONFIG_FILE: oozie-site.xml Setting OOZIE_DATA: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/data Setting OOZIE_LOG: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/logs Setting OOZIE_LOG4J_FILE: oozie-log4j.properties Setting OOZIE_LOG4J_RELOAD: 10 Setting OOZIE_HTTP_HOSTNAME: vostro.nanthrax.net Setting OOZIE_HTTP_PORT: 11000 Setting OOZIE_ADMIN_PORT: 11001 Setting OOZIE_HTTPS_PORT: 11443 Setting OOZIE_BASE_URL: http://vostro.nanthrax.net:11000/oozie Setting CATALINA_BASE: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/oozie-server Setting OOZIE_HTTPS_KEYSTORE_FILE: /home/jbonofre/.keystore Setting OOZIE_HTTPS_KEYSTORE_PASS: password Setting CATALINA_OUT: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/logs/catalina.out Setting ...
cd oozie-4.0.0-falcon/bin $ ./oozied.sh start Setting OOZIE_HOME: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon Setting OOZIE_CONFIG: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/conf Sourcing: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/conf/oozie-env.sh setting CATALINA_OPTS=$CATALINA_OPTS -Xmx1024m Setting OOZIE_CONFIG_FILE: oozie-site.xml Setting OOZIE_DATA: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/data Setting OOZIE_LOG: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/logs Setting OOZIE_LOG4J_FILE: oozie-log4j.properties Setting OOZIE_LOG4J_RELOAD: 10 Setting OOZIE_HTTP_HOSTNAME: vostro.nanthrax.net Setting OOZIE_HTTP_PORT: 11000 Setting OOZIE_ADMIN_PORT: 11001 Setting OOZIE_HTTPS_PORT: 11443 Setting OOZIE_BASE_URL: http://vostro.nanthrax.net:11000/oozie Setting CATALINA_BASE: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/oozie-server Setting OOZIE_HTTPS_KEYSTORE_FILE: /home/jbonofre/.keystore Setting OOZIE_HTTPS_KEYSTORE_PASS: password Setting CATALINA_OUT: /home/jbonofre/demo/oozie-4.0.0-falcon/logs/catalina.out Setting ...
Bulletin Board: A Post From the Community | Aidan Cruikshank led a stout Hinsdale JV Gold defense, but it wasn¿t enough as the Falcons fell to the Downers Grove Panthers 16-0 on a soggy Sunday afternoon. Cruikshank had 8 tackles and a sack, and Jack McCarty added another 4 tackles with a terrific INT and a sack. Zack Allen added 4 tackles and a ¿hurry¿, and Mahir Hussain added several more as the Falcon defense gave the Panthers fits. Offensively, the Falcon running game was much improved behind a powerful line of Allen, Matthew Ritz, Ronald Kruse, Misha Rhodes, Michael Dunphy and others. McCarty and JJ Dutton led ...
The Falcons defense doesnt have to be great this year, it just has to be good enough. But they lost one of their key parts today, as Falcons coach Mike Smith said defensive end Kroy Biermann was out for the year after suffering a torn Achilles.
However, in the final quarter, Grasshoppers began to look tired - in spite of the fresh legs - and Falcons began to pile on the pressure, with some very accurate shooting by their GS. Moreover, some ill-chosen long balls into the attacking circle by Grasshopper were also picked off by the Falcons defence. However, it wasnt enough to damage Grasshoppers healthy lead. The final score was 51-35. Player of the Match was Megs Palmer (GK/GD) and the game was played in an excellent spirit by both teams. ...
ATLANTA - Matt Ryan tossed three touchdown passes, and Atlanta held on to defeat Minnesota on Sunday. [...] after Dominique Franks inadvertently touched a punt the Falcons were trying to avoid to set up a Vikings recovery, Christian Ponder went to Percy Harvin for a 39-yard touchdown pass on fourth-and-13 to make it 17-14. [...] Ryan, who was 27-of-34 passing for 262 yards, responded with a 3-yard scoring pass to backup Michael Palmer, and Atlanta held on downs after Harvins 104-yard kickoff return to the Falcons 3. First quarter [...] quarter [...] quarter First downs 12 22
The human eye is worse compared to the Falcons eye. But the humans eye has not evolved around focusing and hunting prey at insane speeds like the Falcons has. This means that the humans eye is not as good, but is still an impressive struture in its own ...
A classified U.S. government payload launched aboard a SpaceXs Falcon 9 rocket Sunday at 8 p.m. Eastern time from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, Space.com reported Sunday.. The Zuma mission took off aboard the rockets second stage, which continued its ascent into low-Earth orbit.. The boosters first stage separated from the second stage after 2 minutes and 19 seconds in mid-flight to perform a touchdown at the companys landing zone at Cape Canaveral for reuse in future launch missions.. Bloomberg also reported that Northrop Grumman tapped SpaceX to launch the Zuma mission for the U.S. government aboard Falcon 9.. "As a company, Northrop Grumman realizes this is a monumental responsibility and we have taken great care to ensure the most affordable and lowest risk scenario for Zuma," said Lon Rains, a spokesman for the defense contractor.. SpaceX carried out 17 missions in 2017 with plans to perform approximately 30 launches in 2018, the report added.. ...
Easter egg hunts are a time-honored tradition. With humble beginnings in quaint backyards where basket-toting children searched eagerly for hidden candy-filled eggs, the hunts nowadays have grown into full-blown, world-class quests, featuring mega prizes and hundreds of thousands of eggs. From Fabergés citywide scavenge in London to a helicopter egg drop in the Midwest, these are not the neighborhood egg hunts of yesteryear. Plus, they provide egg-ceptional value (sorry, we couldnt resist): Each is free to attend.
Basically hypertension is the technical term for high blood pressure, a condition that affects almost 3 million Australians over the age of 25. Often, those with hypertension do not actually feel sick. And this is why the disease is frequently called "the silent killer.". Those at risk are your typical Type A personality people. They rev their engines pretty high and seldom take the time to chill out.. Food Facts: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the term used for heart, stroke and blood vessel diseases. CVD is the leading cause of death in Australia, accounting for 36 per cent of all deaths in Australia in 2004. It kills one Australian every ten minutes.. Set of Four Medicinal Dishes to Treat Hypertension: Nori Egg Drop Soup; Scrambled Tofu; Buckwheat Pancakes with Apple and Pear; Corn and Coconut Biscuits. ...
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a food-borne pathogen that causes hemorrhagic enteritis in humans. Cattle are asymptomatic carriers and their feces are the major source of infection. The objective of the first study was to ...
Buffer vs Falcon.io - See how these Marketing software products stack up against each other with real user reviews, product feature comparisons and screenshots. Find out which one is best for your organization.
Although Tony Gonzalez repeatedly has set the odds of retirement at 95 percent, the Falcons wont give up hope. One report says the tight end is wavering on retirement talk.
Cowboys will turn to strong running back depth as they put 3-game winning streak on the line against Falcons without Ezekiel Elliott
Delusion Of One by Warren Falcon. .Born Year of the Dragon. Horoscope Todays the lucky day. Luck you say O.K. Once. In a small town on a snowy road the scenery spinning round. When it . Page
Falcon Health Center is committed to providing an environment where students feel comfortable approaching their sexual health needs and questions.
https://teraflex.com/shop_items/599dbbd956d70ed493a2151e Although our Falcon piggyback shocks are designed to take a beating with their nearly indestructible...
BURBANK - Even though the Crescenta Valley High girls water polo team had beaten Glendale the first time the teams met, Shannon Hovanesian believed the Falcons could improve in a specific
Listen free to Falcons - 1970 Fever. Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at Last.fm.
This appears to be a recently introduced problem that (probably) has nothing to do with recovery. It appears that the PageInventoryPage is not being written often enough. I dont know why. As a result, pages that are actually in use are recorded as being free. This isnt a problem for a running Falcon because the page is up-to-date in the cache. After a crash, the out-of-date version is read from disk and pages are reallocated." ...
Christian, a nine-year-old leukemia patient, wished for a backyard fort shaped like the Millennium Falcon. The Make-A-Wish Foundation granted his wish.
Theres an article from 2004 about a vet who treated falcons diagnosed with CFS with Potassium Arsenite 0.05% leading to complete remission of symptoms...
Well, I guess Han Solo should be more careful where he parks his spaceship from now, since Swedish treasure hunters just recently found an unidentified obj
Originally Posted by SPlKE Heh heh. You must spread some Reputation around before giving it to Oxtox again. Check this out. Its a live stream from
Anyone who’s been keeping up with the modern space industry knows that commercial space companies like Blur Origin and SpaceX have been working on ne
Pregled №1. Po rojstvu moje hčerke sem imel hemoroide. To se je zgodilo pred nekaj leti. Od takrat se pogosto izostri z mano. Odločil sem se kupiti Reliefne sveče, vedno jih kupim, saj je orodje učinkovito in dokazano.. Toda drugič sem zanosila in ker v tem času ne smete uporabiti Reliefnih sveč, sem moral kupiti Natalsidove sveče. Ko sem rodila drugega otroka, so se hemoroidi tako zaostrili, da sem si celo mislil, da grem k zdravniku. Ampak sem spet začel dajati sveče Relief in moje stanje se je izboljšalo.. Olga, 41 let - Moskva. Pregled številka 2. Pred nosečnostjo nisem mogel niti predstavljati, kaj so hemoroidi. Te bolezni še nikoli nisem srečal. Toda po porodu sem razvil zelo močan hemoroid, tako močan, da me je bolelo, da bi sedel. In ker sem dojila svojega otroka, ne morem zdraviti hemoroidov, kot bi morala, saj so v tem obdobju vsa zdravila kontraindicirana.. Odločil sem se, da grem kirurgu. Bil je tisti, ki mi je napisal Reliefne sveče. Ker nisem mogla več ...
Normadermov micelarni losjon (ne vem sicer zakaj je dobil ime "losjon") je bil eden izmed produktov, ki sem jih zares želela preizkusiti, hkrati pa me je bilo strah, da ne bo dosegel mojih pričakovanj. Predvsem zaradi navdušenja nad Purete Thermale micelarno raztopino. Naj poudarim, da sta produkta brez dvoma različna. Na prvi pogled sem dobila občutek, da se bo Normadermov pri uporabi penil, saj je tako videti že v embalaži (LOrealovega prav zaradi tega ne maram, poleg tega pa še slabše odstrani ličila). Na srečo tega pri odstranjevanju očesnega make upa nisem opazila. Ličila odstrani približno tako uspešno kot druga Vichy-jeva micelarna raztopina, morda celo kanček uspešneje, ali bolje rečeno hitreje. Pri vodoodpornih ličilih se oba produkta odrežeta slabše. Pri odstranjevanju očesnega make upa vedno uporabim dva kosa vate in ju na nekaj sekund potisnem ob zaprto oko - tako se večina ličil raztopi in ni potrebe po drgnjenju. Nato nadaljujem z odstranjevanjem z ...
Že mnogo let pred nami so ljudje uživali v dišavljenju, še posebej Rimljani. Mazali so se z dišečimi olji, dišavili domove, zastave, hišne ljubljenčke in celo golobe! Golobi so bili nekakšni "pra-difuzorji", s katerimi so dišavili zrak. Uporaba mire in bosvelije se je v starem Rimu merila v tonah.. ...
Falcons assistant Bryant Young, who lost his son Colby a year ago, marveled at how the teenager raised over $50K for cancer research during his fight.
Subject asks the question. Falcon 4 which I still play has a new expansion called BMS with new versions and theaters available. CFS 2 is still improving with new campaigns still being developed. My question what is happening to CFS3? Is there an ETO 1.6 or campaigns to Rising Sun or PTO or campaigns to MAW :encouragement:? Just wondering Brian
CHEWIE IS MY CO-PILOT - The dimensional piece Chewie is my Co-Pilot, is based on Chewbacca, the Wookie first mate of the Millenium Falcon, Han Solos space cruiser... show more » ...
The Taita people (the Wataita or Wadawida) are a Kenyan ethnic group located in the Taita-Taveta District.[2] They speak Kidawida which belongs to the Bantu languages. The West-Bantu moved to the area of the Taita-Taveta District first approximately in 1000-1300.[3]. The Taita people migrated to Kenya through Tanzania. They migrated to Kenya in five groups each settling at different places in the present Taita-Taveta District in Kenya. While settling in these areas the Taita-speaking people interacted with other communities or tribes particularly the Taveta, the Pare of Tanzania, and the Maasai.. There are subgroups or subtribes of Taita. They can be divided into Wadawida who traditionally lived around the Dawida, the Wasagalla who lived around the Saghalla and the Wakasighau who lived around the Kasighau massif of the Taita Hills. The Saghalla people speak Kisaghala which is much closer to Kigiriama or Mijikenda (nine tribes who speak almost same language). The Kasighau are more closer to the ...
Hurtling through the air, a falcon locks its sights onto a victim as they engage in mortal combat. Intrigued by how flocks of birds respond to aerial attack, Suzanne Amador Kane from Haverford College, USA, had realised that she couldnt interpret how flocks react to raptors until she understood the predators hunting strategy. But when she investigated the literature, it was clear that little was known about how falcons pursue their prey. There were computational studies […] that simulated this behaviour, recalls Amador Kane, but no one had published any behavioural studies. Amador Kane was stumped until she and her team saw a BBC documentary and realised that she could mount minute cameras on birds of prey to get a falcons eye view to understand their lethal strategy (p. 225).. Resorting to personal contacts and social networking, Amador Kane linked up with falconers around the globe who were happy to attach miniaturised spy cameras to backpacks and tiny helmets worn by their falcons to ...
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Celery root also has benefits for treating high blood pressure, high cholesterol, fat-containing urine, and colic. stimulate digestive enzymes and laxative urine (diuretic). Moderate fruit and celery seed has efficacy for the treatment of rheumatism, bronchitis, asthma, liver and spleen disease, colic and abdominal pain after childbirth. Seizures reliever (antipasmodik), lower blood uric acid levels, antirheumatic, laxative urine (diuretic), laxative fart (carminative). so it is not an exaggeration to say that celery is versatile plant ...
The offshore powerboat racing circuit was a magnet for drug smugglers in the late-70s and 80s." Deitche says. "Many of the biggest smugglers were also champion racers, akin to how NASCAR was formed out of the Prohibition-era drivers who evaded the law. Falcon and Malguta raced under the Team Seahawk name in South Florida. Flacon also raced under the name Team Cougar. Some boats, like a 26″ racing boat that was for sale on Craigslist a few years back, were built specifically for Falcon." Avid participants in the sport, Magluta won a number of national championships and Falcon won a Florida Keys offshore race in the mid-1980s. Partying in the aftermath. They would rent out whole floors at the infamous Mutiny Hotel and throw wild parties with women galore, cases of Dom Perignon, and a cocaine supply that never ran out, Roben Farzad relates inHotel Scarface: Where Cocaine Cowboys Partied and Plotted to Control Miami. The drug lords became royalty at the hotel. Treated like rock stars and when ...
(Phys.org) -- Silent Falcon UAS Technologies of Albuquerque, New Mexico earlier this week took the wraps off the solar-powered Silent Falcon. The Silent Falcon is designed to be a man-portable small Unmanned Aircraft System ...
FLOWERY BRANCH - Julio Jones rarely speaks up in the Atlanta Falcons locker room. The six-time Pro Bowl receiver finally had enough last week, however, after the Falcons played their worst game of the season and lost their fifth straight. While coach Dan Quinn was speaking to the team, Jones stepped up and asked if he could say a few words. He was emotional in his defense of Quinn and the told the room that the players were the ones most responsible for Atlantas 1-6 record. At the end
FLOWERY BRANCH, Ga. (AP) - Atlanta Falcons first-round pick Kaleb McGary underwent a surgical procedure Wednesday to correct heart rhythm problems, a recurrence of the condition that plagued the offensive tackle in high school and college. The Falcons described the cardiac ablation procedure as minimally invasive and similar to two previous procedures McGary underwent during his playing career. Its not known how much time he will miss, but McGary sat out about six weeks after it was performed while he was playing at the University of Washington.
To search for any Falcon or Dust-Off brand SDS (Safety Data Sheet) please enter the product Model # located on the back of the product package. To search for an SDS for Century or any of our private label brands, enter the brand name. You can also search for any SDS by CAS #.. If you have any difficulty finding an SDS, please e-mail us at [email protected] ...
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The Aircraft Bluebook is designed and developed as a service for the purchasers thereof to assist them in arriving at the fair market value of aircraft listed herein, but is intended only as a guide and is not to be considered to reflect all factors involved in the appraisal process of any particular aircraft. All prices in the Digest are considered a representative average.. Drawings are for general reference only and may not incorporate minor differences between year models.. The information herein is prepared from many sources, is edited, and believed to be correct. The publishers do not warrant the accuracy of the source material and assume no responsibility to any person or persons in connection with the use of this guide. In case of error or omission, the liability of the company, if any, is limited and many not, in any event, exceed the amount paid for the service during the period covered by the guide in which the error or omission occurred.. ...
FALCON Batting MachineUrethane ball use NEWFeaturePossible batting practice in the room because it is private, secure Urethane ball!You realize the co
Essex Eagles are through to their first Vitality Blast final after a comfortable 34 runs win over Derbyshire Falcons in the second semi-final at Edgbaston.
An outstanding all-round performance gave the Notts Outlaws a convincing seven wicket win over the Derbyshire Falcons who crashed to a third consecutive NatWest Blast defeat on Friday night.
I am based in Pretoria and am the author of the Raptor Guide of Southern Africa. I am currently preparing the book to be reprinted and like to use this opportunity to make some improvements. This is the reason for my email: I would very much like to, if at all possible, include your photo 2 above of the juvenile Eleonoras Falcon in the reprint. If you would consider this, please contact me on [email protected] Kind ...
And the #falconhaslanded . Falcon 9 first stage landing on a Drone Ship . I guess with Elon Musk it was always really a matter of "when" and not "if". Another step closer to re-usability and Mars ...
The mighty T. rex may have thrashed its massive head from side to side to dismember prey, but a new study shows that its smaller cousin Allosaurus was a more dexterous hunter and tugged at prey more like a modern-day falcon.
The vast sequence divergence among different virus groups has presented a great challenge to alignment-based analysis of virus phylogeny. Due to the problems caused by the uncertainty in alignment, existing tools for phylogenetic analysis based on multiple alignment could not be directly applied to the whole-genome comparison and phylogenomic studies of viruses. There has been a growing interest in alignment-free methods for phylogenetic analysis using complete genome data. Among the alignment-free methods, a dynamical language (DL) method proposed by our group has successfully been applied to the phylogenetic analysis of bacteria and chloroplast genomes. In this paper, the DL method is used to analyze the whole-proteome phylogeny of 124 large dsDNA viruses and 30 parvoviruses, two data sets with large difference in genome size. The trees from our analyses are in good agreement to the latest classification of large dsDNA viruses and parvoviruses by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses
A coprological survey with detailed clinical observation of naturally occurring haemorrhagic enteritis (HE) cases was conducted to understand the pathophysiology of HE by clarifying the infection status of Eimeria and enteropathogenic bacteria in cattle. Faecal samples from 55 cases of HE and 26 clinically normal animals were collected, and a quantitative examination of Eimeria and potential enteropathogenic bacteria was performed. The number of Eimeria species oocysts per gram of faeces (OPG) exceeded 10,000 in 69.1 per cent of HE cases with a maximum of 1,452,500 OPG and Eimeria zuernii was found to be overwhelmingly dominant. A significant increase in faecal coliform count was observed in HE cases compared with clinically normal animals. Among the animals shedding ,10,000 OPG, 42.9 per cent showed a remarkable increase in Clostridium perfringens abundance (,104 CFU/g) in the faeces. In the cases with C. perfringens detected, its abundance was positively correlated with Eimeria OPG and high C. ...
Twelve avian diseases are listed by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), although more than 100 infectious diseases have been described in commercial poultry. This article summarises a recent assessment of the biosecurity risks posed by non-listed avian diseases associated with imports of chilled or frozen chicken meat and meat products into New Zealand. Following the guidelines described in Chapter 2.1 of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, avian adenovirus splenomegaly virus, avian paramyxovirus-2 (APMV 2), Bordetella avium, Mycoplasma spp., Ureaplasma spp., Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, Riemerella anatipestifer, and Salmonella arizonae have been identified as hazards ...
Looking for Echovirus 9? Find out information about Echovirus 9. Any member of the Picornaviridae family, genus Enterovirus; the name is derived from the group designation enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus. Explanation of Echovirus 9
Avian hepevirus infections were detected in chickens suffering from big liver and spleen disease or hepatitis-splenomegaly syndrome in Australia, the USA and Europe. Available data indicate their genetic relationship to mammalian hepatitis E virus (HEV). In the present study, the near-complete genomic sequences of an Australian and a European isolate of avian hepatitis E virus (avian HEV) are reported for the first time. Furthermore, the phylogenetic relationship to other avian HEVs is determined. Sequence analyses of these isolates identified major genetic differences among avian HEVs. Most of them are located within the open reading frame (ORF)1 region, although only a few lie within conserved motifs of predicted domains. Non-silent mutations in the ORF2 region suggest the presence of potentially different epitopes among avian HEV isolates. Finally, phylogenetic analysis confirmed the distant relationship to mammalian HEV and additionally suggested that the avian HEVs can be separated into three
Podgorski II, Pantó L, Papp T, Harrach B Benkő M (2016) Genome analysis of four Old World monkey adenoviruses supports the proposed species classification of primate adenoviruses and reveals signs of possible homologous recombination. J Gen Virol. [Epub ahead of print] doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000465. Pénzes JJ, Pham HT, Benkő M, Tijssen P (2015) Novel parvoviruses in reptiles and genome sequence of a lizard parvovirus shed light on Dependoparvovirus genus evolution. J Gen Virol. 96:2569-2579. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.000215. Doszpoly A, Tarján LZ, Glávits R, Müller T, Benkő M (2014) Full genome sequence of a novel circo-like virus detected in an adult European eel Anguilla anguilla showing signs of cauliflower disease. Dis Aquat Organ. 109:107-115. doi: 10.3354/dao02730. Kaján GL, Kecskeméti S, Harrach B, Benkő M (2013) Molecular typing of fowl adenoviruses, isolated in Hungary recently, reveals high diversity. Vet Microbiol. 167:357-363. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.09.025. Doszpoly A, Wellehan ...
Genus Aviadenovirus. *Genus Ichtadenovirus. *Genus Mastadenovirus (mit den Species Human mastadenovirus (Humane Adenoviren) A ...
When not restricting the subject to human viruses, Adenoviridae can be divided into five genera: Mastadenovirus, Aviadenovirus ...
Falcon aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D Fowl aviadenovirus E ... Goose aviadenovirus A Turkey aviadenovirus B Viruses in Aviadenovirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral geometries, and T=25 ... Diagnosis of aviadenovirus is by histopathology, electron microscopy, viral isolation and ELISA. In addition, virus antigen can ... There are currently eight species in this genus including the type species Fowl aviadenovirus A. Viruses in this genus cause ...
Falcon aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D Fowl aviadenovirus E ... Goose aviadenovirus A Turkey aviadenovirus B Genus: Ichtadenovirus Sturgeon ichtadenovirus A Genus: Mastadenovirus Bat ...
... aviadenovirus MeSH B04.280.030.100.250 --- fowl adenovirus a MeSH B04.280.030.500 --- mastadenovirus MeSH B04.280.030.500.200 ... aviadenovirus MeSH B04.909.204.097.100.250 --- fowl adenovirus a MeSH B04.909.204.097.500 --- mastadenovirus MeSH B04.909. ...
Falcon aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D Fowl aviadenovirus E ... Ovine atadenovirus D Genus Aviadenovirus; type species: Fowl aviadenovirus A Genus Ichtadenovirus; type species: Sturgeon ... Goose aviadenovirus A Turkey aviadenovirus B Genus: Ichtadenovirus Sturgeon ichtadenovirus A Genus: Mastadenovirus Bat ... Aviadenovirus, Atadenovirus, Siadenovirus, and Ichtadenovirus. Adenoviruses represent the largest nonenveloped viruses. They ...
Arterivirus Ascovirus Asfivirus Atadenovirus Aureusvirus Aurivirus Avastrovirus Avenavirus Aveparvovirus Aviadenovirus ...
Fort Morgan virus Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D Fowl aviadenovirus E ... X Tunisvirus Tupaia tupavirus Tupaiid betaherpesvirus 1 Turkey aviadenovirus B Turkey aviadenovirus C Turkey aviadenovirus D ... Faba bean necrotic stunt virus Faba bean necrotic yellows virus Faba bean yellow leaf virus Falcon aviadenovirus A Fathead ... Drosophila virilis Tv1 virus Drosophila virilis Ulysses virus Drosophila X virus Duck atadenovirus A Duck aviadenovirus B Duck ...
Clinicopathological characterization and genomic sequence differences observed in a highly virulent fowl aviadenovirus serotype ...
Genus Aviadenovirus. *Genus Ichtadenovirus. *Genus Mastadenovirus (mit den Species Human mastadenovirus (Humane Adenoviren) A ...
Aviadenovirus. Genus. Atadenovirus. Genus. Siadenovirus. Genus. Ichtadenovirus. Family. Ampullaviridae. Genus. Ampullavirus. ...
Aviadenovirus. fowl adenovirus 1. Vertebrates. African swine fever-like viruses:. African swine fever virus. Vertebrates. ...
When not restricting the subject to human viruses, Adenoviridae can be divided into five genera: Mastadenovirus, Aviadenovirus ...
Aviadenovirus / drug effects. Disinfection / methods*. Escherichia coli / drug effects. Filtration. Formaldehyde / pharmacology ...
Harrach B, Kaján GL (2011) Aviadenovirus. Adenoviridae. In: Tidona CA, Darai G (eds) Springer index of viruses. Springer, New ... Whole genome sequencing of fowl aviadenovirus A-a causative agent of gizzard erosion and ulceration, in adult laying hens. ... genome sequences of pigeon adenovirus 1 and duck adenovirus 2 extend the number of species within the genus Aviadenovirus. ...
Falcon aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D Fowl aviadenovirus E ... Goose aviadenovirus A Turkey aviadenovirus B Viruses in Aviadenovirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral geometries, and T=25 ... Diagnosis of aviadenovirus is by histopathology, electron microscopy, viral isolation and ELISA. In addition, virus antigen can ... There are currently eight species in this genus including the type species Fowl aviadenovirus A. Viruses in this genus cause ...
Harrach B (2002): Genus Aviadenovirus. In Tidona CA, Darai G (eds) The Springer Index of Viruses. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ...
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References. S. (n.d.). ViralZone: Adenoviridae. Retrieved January 30, 2017, from http://viralzone.expasy.org/all_by_species/4.html. Doerfler, W. (1996, January 01). Adenoviruses. Retrieved January 30, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8503/. Adenovirus. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/adenovirus.html?WT.ac=ctg#. [Adenoviruses, family Adenoviridae. ]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.shutterstock.com/image-illustration/adenoviruses-family-adenoviridae-their-name-derives-208224640. Health , Cold virus to aid cancer patients. (2007, January 11). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/6251303.stm. Camazine, S. (n.d.). Dodecahedral Penton Particle from Human Adenovirus Type 3 [Digital image]. Retrieved January 30, 2017, from http://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-computer-generated-model-of-the-dodecahedral-penton-particle-from-22960356.html. T. (2014, May 14). Adenovirus life cycle. Retrieved January 31, 2017, from ...
This residue has been detected in all Mastadenovirus strains but not in Aviadenovirus or Atadenovirus (15). ... and Aviadenovirus (adenoviruses infecting birds). Two new genera, Atadenovirus and Siadenovirus, have recently been approved (5 ... and members previously classified within the Aviadenovirus genus, such as egg drop syndrome (EDS) virus (5, 7, 8, 15). Another ...
C12N2710/10211-Aviadenovirus, e.g. fowl adenovirus A * C12N2710/10241-Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a ...
Isolation and characterization of fowl aviadenovirus serotype 11 from chickens with inclusion body hepatitis in Morocco. ...
The genus Aviadenovirus is further divided into eight species: Falcon adenovirus A, Fowl adenovirus(FAdV) A, Fowl adenovirus B ... Fowl adenovirus (FAdV) is a member of the genus Aviadenovirus and causes a number of economically important poultry diseases. ... Aviadenovirus (infecting birds), Atadenovirus (named after the bias of their genomes containing high A+T content infecting a ... Aviadenovirus-infected chicken embryo liver tissue (200 µL) with gross lesions associated with IBH was homogenised. Viral ...
An Aviadenovirus was isolated in chicken eggs and characterized genetically with 99% identity to the Fowl Aviadenovirus A as ... Fatal necrotic tracheitis by Aviadenovirus in captive Alagoas Curassows (Pauxi mitu) extinct from the wild.. Abstract Extinct ... This is the first report of a respiratory disease by Aviadenovirus in any cracid species in Brazil, recommending for stricter ...
n a family of unenveloped, 20-sided DNA viruses found in mammals (Mastadenovirus) and birds (Aviadenovirus). The human variety ...
Aviadenovirus/gen tica. Aviadenovirus/isolamento & purifica o. Aviadenovirus/patogenicidade. T cnicas de Genotipagem. Hepatite ... Aviadenovirus/classifica o. Aviadenovirus/gen tica. Galinhas/virologia. DNA Viral/gen tica. Hepatite Animal/virologia. Doen a ... Aviadenovirus/gen tica. Aviadenovirus/isolamento & purifica o. Embri o de Galinha. DNA Viral/gen tica. Gen tipo. Alemanha/ ... Aviadenovirus/classifica o. Aviadenovirus/gen tica. Galinhas. Surtos de Doen as. Feminino. Hepatite Viral Animal/epidemiologia ...
They belong to the family Adenoviridae, which is divided into five genera (Mastadenovirus, Atadenovirus, Aviadenovirus, ...
n a family of unenveloped, 20-sided DNA viruses found in mammals (Mastadenovirus) and birds (Aviadenovirus). The human variety ...
turkey aviadenovirus*turkey adenovirus 2 * infectious canine hepatitis canine adenovirus 1 (mastadenovirus) ...
... nucleotide identity to the aviadenovirus Fowl adenovirus E (Fig. 2). Eight different AstVs were found (PgAstV-1 to -8), all of ...
Kaján GL, Davison AJ, Palya V, Harrach B, Benkő M (2012) Genome sequence of a waterfowl aviadenovirus, goose adenovirus 4. J ...
It is a member of the genus Aviadenovirus and also referred to as Fowl Adenovirus 1 (FAdV-1). Compared to mammalian and, in ...
Falcon aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D Fowl aviadenovirus E ... Goose aviadenovirus A Turkey aviadenovirus B Genus: Ichtadenovirus Sturgeon ichtadenovirus A Genus: Mastadenovirus Bat ...
  • Se busca así, incrementar la difusión nacional e internacional de la ciencia que se genera en el Perú. (gob.pe)
  • In the present study, inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) was experimentally induced by oral inoculation of two groups of specific pathogen-free (SPF) broilers and two groups of SPF layers at day-old with either a fowl aviadenovirus (FAdV)-D or a FAdV-E strain. (biomedcentral.com)
  • International expert Professor Dr. Michael Hess, head of the department for farm animals and veterinary public health, Vienna Veterinary University, also shared his knowledge and field experience on Fowl Aviadenovirus Infections and Histomonosis, while the threat of new and emerging diseases was addressed by Aviagen's Global Head of Veterinary Services, Dr. Nick Dorko. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Diagnosis of aviadenovirus is by histopathology, electron microscopy, viral isolation and ELISA. (wikipedia.org)