A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that infects birds. The type species is FOWL ADENOVIRUS A.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
The type species of the genus AVIADENOVIRUS, family ADENOVIRIDAE, an oncogenic virus of birds. This is also called CELO virus for chick embryo lethal orphan virus.
Virus diseases caused by the ADENOVIRIDAE.
An area showing altered staining behavior in the nucleus or cytoplasm of a virus-infected cell. Some inclusion bodies represent "virus factories" in which viral nucleic acid or protein is being synthesized; others are merely artifacts of fixation and staining. One example, Negri bodies, are found in the cytoplasm or processes of nerve cells in animals that have died from rabies.
A generic term for any circumscribed mass of foreign (e.g., lead or viruses) or metabolically inactive materials (e.g., ceroid or MALLORY BODIES), within the cytoplasm or nucleus of a cell. Inclusion bodies are in cells infected with certain filtrable viruses, observed especially in nerve, epithelial, or endothelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A hereditary disease of the hip joints in dogs. Signs of the disease may be evident any time after 4 weeks of age.
Species of the genus MASTADENOVIRUS, causing a wide range of diseases in humans. Infections are mostly asymptomatic, but can be associated with diseases of the respiratory, ocular, and gastrointestinal systems. Serotypes (named with Arabic numbers) have been grouped into species designated Human adenovirus A-F.
An alpha integrin with a molecular weight of 160-kDa that is found in a variety of cell types. It undergoes posttranslational cleavage into a heavy and a light chain that are connected by disulfide bonds. Integrin alphaV can combine with several different beta subunits to form heterodimers that generally bind to RGD sequence-containing extracellular matrix proteins.
An Ig superfamily transmembrane protein that localizes to junctional complexes that occur between ENDOTHELIAL CELLS and EPTHELIAL CELLS. The protein may play a role in cell-cell adhesion and is the primary site for the attachment of ADENOVIRUSES during infection.
Proteins that form the CAPSID of VIRUSES.
A family of transmembrane glycoproteins (MEMBRANE GLYCOPROTEINS) consisting of noncovalent heterodimers. They interact with a wide variety of ligands including EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS; COMPLEMENT, and other cells, while their intracellular domains interact with the CYTOSKELETON. The integrins consist of at least three identified families: the cytoadhesin receptors(RECEPTORS, CYTOADHESIN), the leukocyte adhesion receptors (RECEPTORS, LEUKOCYTE ADHESION), and the VERY LATE ANTIGEN RECEPTORS. Each family contains a common beta-subunit (INTEGRIN BETA CHAINS) combined with one or more distinct alpha-subunits (INTEGRIN ALPHA CHAINS). These receptors participate in cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion in many physiologically important processes, including embryological development; HEMOSTASIS; THROMBOSIS; WOUND HEALING; immune and nonimmune defense mechanisms; and oncogenic transformation.
A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that comprises viruses of several species of MAMMALS and BIRDS. The type species is Ovine adenovirus D.
A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.
A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that infects MAMMALS including humans and causes a wide range of diseases. The type species is Human adenovirus C (see ADENOVIRUSES, HUMAN).
A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.
Cellular uptake of extracellular materials within membrane-limited vacuoles or microvesicles. ENDOSOMES play a central role in endocytosis.
The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated.
Release of a virus from the host cell following VIRUS ASSEMBLY and maturation. Egress can occur by host cell lysis, EXOCYTOSIS, or budding through the plasma membrane.
Proteins synthesized by HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES such as the HIV-1 and HIV-2.
The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.
A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.
The largest genus in the family Myxobolidae, class MYXOSPOREA, containing over 400 species.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.
A vegetative stage in the life cycle of sporozoan protozoa. It is characteristic of members of the phyla APICOMPLEXA and MICROSPORIDIA.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE comprising species including viruses of frogs (FROGS AND TOADS) and TURKEYS. The type species is Frog adenovirus.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Species of the genus MASTADENOVIRUS associated with respiratory and enteric infections in primate hosts.
Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.
A superfamily of nematodes of the suborder CAMALLANINA. Its organisms possess a poorly developed buccal cavity and a rudimentary esophagus and intestine.
Infections with nematodes of the order SPIRURIDA.
Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.

Application of the polymerase chain reaction to detect fowl adenoviruses. (1/57)

The possibility of using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of fowl adenoviruses (FAdV) was tested. The optimal reaction parameters were evaluated and defined for purified genomic DNA of type 8 fowl adenovirus (FAdV-8), and then the same conditions were applied for nucleic acid extracted from infected cells. One hundred picograms of purified viral DNA, or 250 FAdV-8-infected cells, were detected by ethidium bromide staining of the PCR products in agarose gels. The sensitivity was increased to 10 pg purified viral DNA, or 25 infected cells, when the PCR products were hybridized with a specific labeled probe. Several field isolates of FAdV and the CELO virus (FAdV serotype 1) could be amplified by the same primers and conditions, but the size of the amplicons was smaller than that for the FAdV-8 PCR product. Other avian viruses and uninfected cell cultures tested negative.  (+info)

Characterization of CELO virus proteins that modulate the pRb/E2F pathway. (2/57)

The avian adenovirus CELO can, like the human adenoviruses, transform several mammalian cell types, yet it lacks sequence homology with the transforming, early regions of human adenoviruses. In an attempt to identify how CELO virus activates the E2F-dependent gene expression important for S phase in the host cell, we have identified two CELO virus open reading frames that cooperate in activating an E2F-inducible reporter system. The encoded proteins, GAM-1 and Orf22, were both found to interact with the retinoblastoma protein (pRb), with Orf22 binding to the pocket domain of pRb, similar to other DNA tumor virus proteins, and GAM-1 interacting with pRb regions outside the pocket domain. The motif in Orf22 responsible for the pRb interaction is essential for Orf22-mediated E2F activation, yet it is remarkably unlike the E1A LxCxD and may represent a novel form of pRb-binding peptide.  (+info)

The complete nucleotide sequence of fowl adenovirus type 8. (3/57)

The fowl adenovirus type 8 (FAdV-8) genome was sequenced and found to be 45063 nucleotides in length, the longest adenovirus (AdV) genome for which the complete nucleotide sequence has been determined so far. No regions homologous to early regions 1, 3 and 4 (E1, E3 and E4) of mastadenoviruses were recognized. Gene homologues for early region 2 (E2) proteins, intermediate protein IVa2 and late proteins were found by their similarities to protein sequences from other AdVs. However, sequences homologous to intermediate protein IX and late protein V could not be identified. Sequences for virus-associated RNA could also not be recognized. Two regions of repeated sequences were found on the FAdV-8 genome. The shorter repeat region contained five identical and contiguous direct repeats that were each 33 bp long, while the longer repeat region was made of 13 identical and contiguous, 135 bp long repeated subunits.  (+info)

DNA sequence of frog adenovirus. (4/57)

The genome of frog adenovirus (FrAdV-1) was sequenced and found to be the smallest of all known adenovirus genomes. The sequence obtained was 26163 bp in size and contains a substantial direct repeat near the right terminus, implying that it was derived by recombination from a parental genome of only 25517 bp. The closest relative of FrAdV-1 proved to be turkey adenovirus 3, an avian adenovirus with no previously known near relative. Sequence comparisons showed that the two viruses have equivalent gene complements, including one gene the product of which is related to sialidases. Phylogenetic analyses supported the establishment of a fourth adenovirus genus containing these two viruses, in addition to the established genera Mastadenovirus: and Aviadenovirus: and the proposed genus Atadenovirus: Sixteen genes were identified as being conserved between these four lineages and were presumably inherited from an ancestral adenovirus.  (+info)

Pathogenicity and gene analysis of adenovirus from pigeons with inclusion body hepatitis. (5/57)

The pathogenicity of an adenovirus isolated from pigeons (Pigeon adenovirus, PA) with inclusion body hepatitis in Taiwan was investigated in specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicks and in racing pigeons. One-day-old SPF chicks were inoculated subcutaneously with 10(4) 50% tissue culture infective dose (TCID50, low dose) and 10(8) TCID50 (high dose) of the virus, respectively. The chicks began to die three days post inoculation (DPI) with high dose of the virus and the mortality reached 100%; the chicks began to die 6 DPI and the mortality reached 90% at 14 DPI with low dose. The adult pigeons seemed to be resistant to the PA. However, this virus decreased the production of antibody against Newcastle disease virus in pigeons. It is found that this PA belongs to genetic group D from the restriction patterns produced by BamH I and Hind III.  (+info)

Serological monitoring on layer farms with specific pathogen-free chickens. (6/57)

To monitor the existence of avian pathogens in laying chicken flocks, specific pathogen-free (SPF) chickens were introduced into two layer farms and reared with laying hens for 12 months. SPF chickens were bled several times after their introduction and examined for their sero-conversion to avian pathogens. As a result, antibodies to eight or ten kinds of pathogens were detected in SPF chickens on each farm. Antibodies to infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), avian nephritis virus, Mycoplasma gallisepticum and M. synoviae were detected early within the first month. Antibody titer to IBV suggested that the laying chickens were infected with IBV repeatedly during the experiment on both farms. However, antibodies to infectious bursal disease virus and 6 pathogens were not detected.  (+info)

Construction of avian adenovirus CELO recombinants in cosmids. (7/57)

The avian adenovirus CELO is a promising vector for gene transfer applications. In order to study this potentiality, we developed an improved method for construction of adenovirus vectors in cosmids that was used to engineer the CELO genome. For all the recombinant viruses constructed by this method, the ability to produce infectious particles and the stability of the genome were evaluated in a chicken hepatocarcinoma cell line (LMH cell line). Our aim was to develop a replication-competent vector for vaccination of chickens, so we first generated knockout point mutations into 16 of the 22 unassigned CELO open reading frames (ORFs) to determine if they were essential for virus replication. As the 16 independent mutant viruses replicated in our cellular system, we constructed CELO genomes with various deletions in the regions of these nonessential ORFs. An expression cassette coding for the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) was inserted in place of these deletions to easily follow expression of the transgene and propagation of the vector in cell monolayers. Height-distinct GFP-expressing CELO vectors were produced that were all replication competent in our system. We then retained the vector backbone with the largest deletion (i.e., 3.6 kb) for the construction of vectors carrying cDNA encoding infectious bursal disease virus proteins. These CELO vectors could be useful for vaccination in the chicken species.  (+info)

The long repeat region is dispensable for fowl adenovirus replication in vitro. (8/57)

Two regions containing tandemly repeated sequences are present in the fowl adenovirus 9 (FAdV-9) genome. The longer repeat region (TR-2) is composed of 13 contiguous 135-bp-long direct repeats, the function of which is unknown. An infectious FAdV-9 genomic clone, constructed by homologous recombination in Escherichia coli, was used for engineering of recombinant viruses. The enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) coding sequence was cloned in both rightward and leftward orientations so as to replace TR-2. Replication-competent recombinant FAdVs were recovered, demonstrating that TR-2 was dispensable for FAdV-9 propagation in vitro. The expression of EGFP in infected cells was demonstrated by fluorescence microscopy, immunoprecipitation, and RT-PCR.  (+info)

Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90-100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome. Their name derives from their initial isolation from human adenoids in 1953. They have a broad range of vertebrate hosts; in humans, more than 50 distinct adenoviral serotypes have been found to cause a wide range of illnesses, from mild respiratory infections in young children (known as the common cold) to life-threatening multi-organ disease in people with a weakened immune system. Group: dsDNA Order: Unassigned Family: Adenoviridae Genus: Atadenovirus Bovine atadenovirus D Duck atadenovirus A Ovine atadenovirus D Possum atadenovirus A Snake atadenovirus A Genus: Aviadenovirus Falcon aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D Fowl aviadenovirus E Goose aviadenovirus A Turkey aviadenovirus B Genus: Ichtadenovirus Sturgeon ...
Zhao, J., Q. Zhong, Y. Zhao, Y.-x. Hu, and G.-z. Zhang, Pathogenicity and Complete Genome Characterization of Fowl Adenoviruses Isolated from Chickens Associated with Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome in China, PloS one, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. e0133073, 2015. Mase, M., H. Mitake, T. Inoue, and T. Imada, Identification of group I-III avian adenovirus by PCR coupled with direct sequencing of the hexon gene, Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, vol. 71, no. 9, pp. 1239-1242, 2009. Ginsberg, H.S., The adenoviruses. New York, Springer Science & Business Media, 2013. Russell, W., Update on adenovirus and its vectors, Journal of general virology, vol. 81, no. 11, pp. 2573-2604, 2000. Joubert, H.W., H. Aitchison, L.H. Maartens, and E.H. Venter, Molecular differentiation and pathogenicity of Aviadenoviruses isolated during an outbreak of inclusion body hepatitis in South Africa, Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 01-08, 2014. Steer, P.A., ...
Introduction. According to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), host range specificity, genomic organisation, virion properties, structure, size and serological differences divide the large family of Adenoviridae into four distinct genera (Benkő et al. 2005). At present, these genera areMastadenovirus (infecting mammals), Aviadenovirus (infecting birds), Atadenovirus (named after the bias of their genomes containing high A+T content infecting a broad range of hosts including ruminants, as well as avian, reptilian and marsupial hosts), and Siadenovirus (infects birds and frogs). The fifth suggested genus is called Ichtadenovirus, isolated from fish (Benkő et al. 2005; Kovács et al. 2003).. The genus Aviadenovirus is further divided into eight species: Falcon adenovirus A, Fowl adenovirus(FAdV) A, Fowl adenovirus B, Fowl adenovirus C, Fowl adenovirus D, Fowl adenovirus E, Goose adenovirus A and Turkey adenovirus B. Fowl adenovirus 1 (FAdV-1) belongs to species A and FAdV-5 ...
Looking for inclusion body hepatitis? Find out information about inclusion body hepatitis. Any of the abnormal structures appearing within the cell nucleus or the cytoplasm during the course of virus multiplication Explanation of inclusion body hepatitis
Alonso-Padilla J, Papp T, Kaján GL, Benkő M, Havenga M, Lemckert A, Harrach B, Baker AH (2016) Development of novel adenoviral vectors to overcome challenges observed with HAdV-5 based constructs. Mol Ther. 24:6-16. doi:10.1038/mt.2015.194. Marek A, Kajan GL, Kosiol C, Harrach B, Schlotterer C, Hess M (2014) Complete genome sequences of pigeon adenovirus 1 and duck adenovirus 2 extend the number of species within the genus Aviadenovirus. Virology 462-463C:107-114. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2014.04.033. Kaján GL, Kecskeméti S, Harrach B, Benkő M (2013) Molecular typing of fowl adenoviruses, isolated in Hungary recently, reveals high diversity. Vet Microbiol. 167:357-363. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.09.025. Marek A, Kosiol C, Harrach B, Kaján GL, Schlötterer C, Hess M (2013) The first whole genome sequence of a Fowl adenovirus B strain enables interspecies comparisons within the genus Aviadenovirus. Vet Microbiol. 166:250-256. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.05.017. Zadravec M, Slavec B, Krapez U, Kajan ...
Marble Spleen Disease is caused by an adenovirus. It mainly affects older poults or adult birds. There is sudden mortality in birds in good condition.
Inclusion body hepatitis caused by different fowl aviadenovirus (FAdV) serotypes has been described in several countries in recent years. In Spain, from the spring of 2011 to 2013, an increased number of outbreaks in broiler and broiler breeder flocks from different regions occurred. The objectives of the present work were to carry out the molecular characterization of FAdV strains from Spanish inclusion body hepatitis cases and to study the pathogenicity and viral dynamics of these strains in specific pathogen-free (SPF) chickens. A total of 52 inclusion body hepatitis clinical cases, including 45 from broiler farms and seven from broiler breeder farms, were analysed by conventional polymerase chain reaction and sequencing targeting the FAdV hexon gene. From these, 37 strains were classified as FAdV type 8b, while the remaining 15 were classified as FAdV types 11 (n = 10), 2 (n = 4) and 8a (n = 1). In addition, two different FAdVs belonging to the genotypes 8b and 11 were used for experimental ...
Marek, Ana and Kaján, Győző and Kosiol, Carolin and Benkő, Mária and Schachner, Anna and Hess, Michael (2016) Genetic diversity of species Fowl aviadenovirus D and Fowl aviadenovirus E. Journal of General Virology, 97. pp. 2323-2332. ISSN 0022-1317 (print), 1465-2099 (online) Pénzes, Judt J. and Pham, Hanh T. and Benkő, Mária and Tijssen, Peter (2015) Novel parvoviruses in reptiles and genome sequence of a lizard parvovirus shed light on Dependoparvovirus genus evolution. Journal of General Virology, 96 (9). pp. 2569-2579. ISSN 0022-1317 (print), 1465-2099 (online) Pénzes, Judt J. and Menendez-Conejero, R. and Condezo, G.N. and Ball, Ina and Papp, Tibor and Doszpoly, Andor and Paradela, A and Perez-Berna, A.J. and Lopez-Sans, M and Nguyen, T. H. and van Raaij, M.J. and Marschang, R.E. and Harrach, Balázs and Benkő, Mária and San Martin, C (2014) Molecular characterization of a lizard adenovirus reveals the first atadenovirus with two fiber genes and the first adenovirus with either ...
The genome of the avian adenovirus Chicken Embryo Lethal Orphan (CELO) has two terminal regions without detectable homology in mammalian adenoviruses that are left without annotation in the initial analysis. Since adenoviruses have been a rich source of new insights into molecular cell biology and practical applications of CELO as gene a delivery vector are being considered, this genome appeared worth revisiting. We conducted a systematic reannotation and in-depth sequence analysis of the CELO genome. We describe a strongly diverged paralogous cluster including ORF-2, ORF-12, ORF-13, and ORF-14 with an ATPase/helicase domain most likely acquired from adeno-associated parvoviruses. None of these ORFs appear to have retained ATPase/helicase function and alternative functions (e.g. modulation of gene expression during the early life-cycle) must be considered in an adenoviral context. Further, we identified a cluster of three putative type-1-transmembrane glycoproteins with IG-like domains (ORF-9, ORF-10,
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Egg drop syndrome (EDS) is caused by a viral infection in laying hens. While commercial peak-identification software is improving all the time, it is not yet 100% accurate. EDS net counts maps and quantitative maps use the background removal and peak deconvolution algorithms used for EDS quantitative analysis and apply them to the spectrum at every pixel in EDS spectral images. Characteristic X-rays from the coating material may overlap with X-rays produced from the elements in the sample, so carbon is the preferred coating material as it minimizes spectral interferences. Instead of recording two X-rays with either the same or different energies, one X-ray with energy equal to the sum of the energies of the two incoming X-rays is recorded and plotted in the spectrum. This correction procedure is known as pulse pile-up correction. Peak values in Hough space, x and y center coordinates and radii. The L family of X-rays is more complicated with six lines commonly visible in the spectrum. Among the ...
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in rachel ray almost ramen/egg drop soup based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Egg, fresh, whole, raw, Chicken Broth or Bouillon, House of Shirataki Noodle, whole bag and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Make your own Egg Drop Soup for the Chinese New Year. It will be better than any youve had. A recipe from THE NIBBLE gourmet food webzine.
Egg Drop Competition Teens enjoyed creating carriers for raw eggs which were then dropped in the south lobby. Most of the teens carriers allowed the eggs to survive the journey. Thanks to professor Thomas Berfield and his students from the U of L Speed School for being on hand to coordinate this activity ...
Bolniki z glavoboli v skupkih so pogosto napačno diagnosticirani in posledično neustrezno zdravljeni ali pa ostanejo celo nediagnosticirani več let. Pogosto se bolezen zamenjuje s sinuzitisom[26], migreno, glavobolom v skupkih podobnim stanjem (ki se običajno opredelijo kot sekundarni glavoboli[3]), drugimi oblikami primarnih ali celo sekundarnih glavobolov.[27] Do nepravilnih diagnoz pride zlasti, ker bolniki navajajo tudi težave z vratom, zobmi, čeljustmi ali obnosnimi votlinami in so zato po nepotrebnem napoteni k specialistom, kot so otorinolaringologi (zlasti zaradi preiskav obnosnih votlin), zobozdravniki, kiropraktiki, pa tudi psihiatri in psihologi.[28] V Evropi in ZDA traja v poprečju sedem let, da bolniku postavijo ustrezno diagnozo.[26] Ker potrditveni test ne obstaja, je zdravniku pri postavljanju diferencialne diagnoze v veliko pomoč pogovor z zdravnikom ter tako prejeta anamneza. Pri ugotavljanju vzorca, jakosti in trajanja pojavljanja glavobola lahko pomaga bolnikov ...
Y-chromosomes exist in the body cells of many kinds of male animals. Found in the nucleus of most living animal cells, the X and Y-chromosomes are condensed structures made of DNA wrapped around proteins called histones. The individual histones bunch into groups that the coiled DNA wraps around called a nucleosome, which are roughly 10 nano-meters (nm) across. The histones bunch together to form a helical fiber (30 nm) that spins into a supercoil (200 nm). During much of a cells life, DNA exists in the 200 nm supercoil phase.. Format: Graphics Subject: Theories, Processes ...
Looking for online definition of enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus in the Medical Dictionary? enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus explanation free. What is enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus? Meaning of enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus medical term. What does enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus mean?
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LABUSCAGNE, Annemarie; SPENCER, B. Tom; PICARD, Jackie A. and WILLIAMS, Mark C.. An investigation to determine the cause of haemorrhagic enteritis in commercial pig grower units in the northern parts of South Africa. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2012, vol.83, n.1, pp.59-65. ISSN 2224-9435.. Necropsies were performed on 36 grower pigs that died peracutely on farms in the northern parts of South Africa. All these pigs were suffering from haemorrhagic enteritis and suspected toxaemia. Samples of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum were taken for histopathological examination and a section of ileum was collected for microbiological examination from each animal. Histological lesions characteristic of enterotoxigenic Clostridium infection were found. Large, Gram-positive bacilli were sometimes abundant in sections and mucosal smears of the intestine. However, only 40% of the cultures were positive for Clostridium perfringens.. ...
The present study describes the development of a SYBR Green based real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) for detection and quantitation of all fowl adenovirus (FAdV) species. Primers were designed based on conserved nucleotide sequences within the 52K gene. Ten-fold serial dilutions of a vector DNA were used as standard for quantitation. The real-time PCR had an efficiency of 98%, a regression squared value of 0.999 and showed a range of 6.73-6.73×10(8) copies of FAdV DNA per reaction. The assay was highly specific for FAdVs and an exact quantitation of all 5 FAdV species (FAdV-A to FAdV-E) could be demonstrated. It was shown, that twelve FAdV serotypes (FAdV-1 to 8a, and 8b to 11) were detectable and quantifiable. Other viral genomes as well as uninfected chicken embryo liver (CEL) cells did not produce positive signal. Cloacal swabs were taken during the animal experiment, which was performed with all FAdV species. Shedding of FAdVs was investigated in cell culture, by ...
General Information: This strain was obtained from an infected tick and maintained by serial infection in mice. Obligate intracellular bacterium and causative agent of heartwater. This organism causes heartwater, a disease with a high mortality rate that affects both wild and domesticated ruminants in sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the Caribbean. The name heartwater refers to the hydropericardium (excessive fluid in the sac surrounding the heart) commonly found associated with infection. This organism is found in membrane-bound vacuoles in endothelial cells and neutrophils and is an obligate intracellular parasite. ...
General Information: This strain was obtained from an infected tick and maintained by serial infection in mice. Obligate intracellular bacterium and causative agent of heartwater. This organism causes heartwater, a disease with a high mortality rate that affects both wild and domesticated ruminants in sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the Caribbean. The name heartwater refers to the hydropericardium (excessive fluid in the sac surrounding the heart) commonly found associated with infection. This organism is found in membrane-bound vacuoles in endothelial cells and neutrophils and is an obligate intracellular parasite. ...
A Government Information Agency (GINA) press release said the inoculation is a precautionary measure government had taken after the virus was detected early last year. Minister of Agriculture Robert Persaud launched the programme at Hague, Region Three on the recommendation of University of the West Indies Regional Poultry Specialist Dr Gariel Brown. Browns findings indicated that the deaths were linked to a chicken disease while inadequate nutrition was found to be the cause of the stunted growth. Under a $5M government programme, one million Infection Inclusion Body Hepatitis (IBH) vaccines were dispensed on farms rearing about 300 chickens. The vaccines, along with vitamin supplements, were administered to stunted chickens between one and ten days old ...
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Under Andy Reid, the Eagles have come off their bye to play an opponent that was also coming off its bye once before – and it was the Atlanta Falcons, the same team the Eagles will face this week, in the same situation. - Les Bowen, Philadelphia Daily News
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Teratomi torej izvirajo iz totipotentnih kličnih celic, ki imajo sposobnost razvoja v vse tipe celic, zato so v tumorju prisotna tkiva, ki oponašajo kosti, zobe, dlake, kožo, mišice, maščevje, živčevje in/ali druga tkiva[2] ter celo v redkih primerih organe, kot je oko[5][6] in ud (roka, stopalo, ...)[7]. Tovrstne celice so prisotne normalno v jajčnikih in modih, ostanki pa so prisotni tudi vzdolž sredinske (mediane) črte telesa, zato se lahko pojavijo tudi znotrajlobanjsko (intrakranialno) v področju epifize ali hipofize, v medpljučju (mediastinumu) in retroperitonealno (območje za potrebušnico).[2] Histološko ločimo v glavnem zrele in nezrele teratome. Zreli teratomi vsebujejo razvita tkiva in so benigni, nezreli teratomi pa vsebujejo nerazvite oz. nepopolne elemente tkiv, ki so podobni tistim v zarodku, in so maligni.[8] Pri ženskah zajemajo teratomi od 15-20 % vseh tumorjev jajčnikov in so večinoma benigni ter cistični (okoli 90 %).[9] Pojavljajo se predvsem pri mlajših ...
This family contains the following genera: Genus Atadenovirus; type species: Ovine atadenovirus D Genus Aviadenovirus; type ... Aviadenovirus, Atadenovirus, Siadenovirus, and Ichtadenovirus. Adenoviruses represent the largest known non-enveloped viruses. ... species: Fowl aviadenovirus A Genus Ichtadenovirus; type species: Sturgeon ichtadenovirus A Genus Mastadenovirus (including all ...
Duck aviadenovirus B Falcon aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D ... Fowl aviadenovirus E Goose aviadenovirus A Pigeon aviadenovirus A Pigeon aviadenovirus B Psittacine aviadenovirus B Psittacine ... aviadenovirus C Turkey aviadenovirus B Turkey aviadenovirus C Turkey aviadenovirus D Viruses in Aviadenovirus are non-enveloped ... Diagnosis of aviadenovirus is by histopathology, electron microscopy, viral isolation, ELISA and PCR. In addition, virus ...
Genus Aviadenovirus. *Genus Ichtadenovirus. *Genus Mastadenovirus (mit den Species Human mastadenovirus (Humane Adenoviren) A ...
When not restricting the subject to human viruses, Adenoviridae can be divided into five genera: Mastadenovirus, Aviadenovirus ...
Aumaivirus Aureusvirus Aurivirus Aurunvirus Austintatiousvirus Avastrovirus Avenavirus Aveparvovirus Aviadenovirus ...
... aviadenovirus MeSH B04.909.204.097.100.250 - fowl adenovirus a MeSH B04.909.204.097.500 - mastadenovirus MeSH B04.909.204.097. ... aviadenovirus MeSH B04.280.030.100.250 - fowl adenovirus a MeSH B04.280.030.500 - mastadenovirus MeSH B04.280.030.500.200 - ...
Foussvirus S46C10 Fowl aviadenovirus A Fowl aviadenovirus B Fowl aviadenovirus C Fowl aviadenovirus D Fowl aviadenovirus E ... betaherpesvirus 1 Turkey associated porprismacovirus 1 Turkey aviadenovirus B Turkey aviadenovirus C Turkey aviadenovirus D ... mottle alphanucleorhabdovirus Phytophthora alphaendornavirus 1 Pidgey pidchovirus Pigeon aviadenovirus A Pigeon aviadenovirus B ... 1 orthobornavirus Psittaciform 2 orthobornavirus Psittacine atadenovirus A Psittacine aviadenovirus B Psittacine aviadenovirus ...
... is an avian adenovirus that infects birds of the genus Falco, commonly called falcons. The virus was ... As Falcon aviadenovirus A infects falcons found throughout North America, the virus likely has a large geographic distribution ... Transmission of Falcon aviadenovirus A occurs horizontally through the fecal-oral route. Cross-species brooding of eggs ... PCR assays as well as in situ hybridization techniques have been developed to identify the DNA of Falcon aviadenovirus A. If ...
Falcon aviadenovirus A is an avian adenovirus that infects birds of the genus Falco, commonly called falcons. The virus was ... As Falcon aviadenovirus A infects falcons found throughout North America, the virus likely has a large geographic distribution ... Transmission of Falcon aviadenovirus A occurs horizontally through the fecal-oral route. Cross-species brooding of eggs ... PCR assays as well as in situ hybridization techniques have been developed to identify the DNA of Falcon aviadenovirus A. If ...
Clinicopathological characterization and genomic sequence differences observed in a highly virulent fowl aviadenovirus serotype ...
Genus Aviadenovirus. *Genus Ichtadenovirus. *Genus Mastadenovirus (mit den Species Human mastadenovirus (Humane Adenoviren) A ...
Aviadenovirus. Genus. Atadenovirus. Genus. Siadenovirus. Genus. Ichtadenovirus. Family. Ampullaviridae. Genus. Ampullavirus. ...
Serotype Characterization of Pakistani Aviadenovirus Strains Causing Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome ... Serotype Characterization of Pakistani Aviadenovirus Strains Causing Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome , ... Serotype Characterization of Pakistani Aviadenovirus Strains Causing Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome. ...
Aviadenovirus. fowl adenovirus 1. Vertebrates. African swine fever-like viruses:. African swine fever virus. Vertebrates. ...
Genetic characterization of Novel fowl aviadenovirus-4 (FADV-4) from the outbreak of hepatitis-hydropericardium syndrome in ... Genetic characterization of Novel fowl aviadenovirus-4 (FADV-4) from the outbreak of hepatitis-hydropericardium syndrome in ... Genetic characterization of Novel fowl aviadenovirus-4 (FADV-4) from the outbreak of hepatitis-hydropericardium syndrome in ...
When not restricting the subject to human viruses, Adenoviridae can be divided into five genera: Mastadenovirus, Aviadenovirus ...
This family contains the following genera: Genus Atadenovirus; type species: Ovine atadenovirus D Genus Aviadenovirus; type ... Aviadenovirus, Atadenovirus, Siadenovirus, and Ichtadenovirus. Adenoviruses represent the largest known non-enveloped viruses. ... species: Fowl aviadenovirus A Genus Ichtadenovirus; type species: Sturgeon ichtadenovirus A Genus Mastadenovirus (including all ...
Aviadenovirus / drug effects. Disinfection / methods*. Escherichia coli / drug effects. Filtration. Formaldehyde / pharmacology ...
Aviadenovirus, Mastadenovirus, Atadenovirus, and Siadenovirus Description and Significance. Adenoviruses infect birds, humans, ... Adenoviruses are divided into four genera: Aviadenovirus (which infects birds), Mastadenovirus (which infects mammals), ...
Harrach B, Kaján GL (2011) Aviadenovirus. Adenoviridae. In: Tidona CA, Darai G (eds) Springer index of viruses. Springer, New ... Whole genome sequencing of fowl aviadenovirus A-a causative agent of gizzard erosion and ulceration, in adult laying hens. ... genome sequences of pigeon adenovirus 1 and duck adenovirus 2 extend the number of species within the genus Aviadenovirus. ...
Harrach B (2002): Genus Aviadenovirus. In Tidona CA, Darai G (eds) The Springer Index of Viruses. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ...
style="text-align:center; background:violet;" !Genera ,- , style="padding: 0 .5em;" , Aviadenovirus. Atadenovirus. ...
References. S. (n.d.). ViralZone: Adenoviridae. Retrieved January 30, 2017, from http://viralzone.expasy.org/all_by_species/4.html. Doerfler, W. (1996, January 01). Adenoviruses. Retrieved January 30, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8503/. Adenovirus. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/adenovirus.html?WT.ac=ctg#. [Adenoviruses, family Adenoviridae. ]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.shutterstock.com/image-illustration/adenoviruses-family-adenoviridae-their-name-derives-208224640. Health , Cold virus to aid cancer patients. (2007, January 11). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/6251303.stm. Camazine, S. (n.d.). Dodecahedral Penton Particle from Human Adenovirus Type 3 [Digital image]. Retrieved January 30, 2017, from http://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-computer-generated-model-of-the-dodecahedral-penton-particle-from-22960356.html. T. (2014, May 14). Adenovirus life cycle. Retrieved January 31, 2017, from ...
This residue has been detected in all Mastadenovirus strains but not in Aviadenovirus or Atadenovirus (15). ... and Aviadenovirus (adenoviruses infecting birds). Two new genera, Atadenovirus and Siadenovirus, have recently been approved (5 ... and members previously classified within the Aviadenovirus genus, such as egg drop syndrome (EDS) virus (5, 7, 8, 15). Another ...
C12N2710/10211-Aviadenovirus, e.g. fowl adenovirus A * C12N2710/10241-Use of virus, viral particle or viral elements as a ...
Isolation and characterization of fowl aviadenovirus serotype 11 from chickens with inclusion body hepatitis in Morocco. ...
The genus Aviadenovirus is further divided into eight species: Falcon adenovirus A, Fowl adenovirus(FAdV) A, Fowl adenovirus B ... Fowl adenovirus (FAdV) is a member of the genus Aviadenovirus and causes a number of economically important poultry diseases. ... Aviadenovirus (infecting birds), Atadenovirus (named after the bias of their genomes containing high A+T content infecting a ... Aviadenovirus-infected chicken embryo liver tissue (200 µL) with gross lesions associated with IBH was homogenised. Viral ...
An Aviadenovirus was isolated in chicken eggs and characterized genetically with 99% identity to the Fowl Aviadenovirus A as ... Fatal necrotic tracheitis by Aviadenovirus in captive Alagoas Curassows (Pauxi mitu) extinct from the wild.. Abstract Extinct ... This is the first report of a respiratory disease by Aviadenovirus in any cracid species in Brazil, recommending for stricter ...
n a family of unenveloped, 20-sided DNA viruses found in mammals (Mastadenovirus) and birds (Aviadenovirus). The human variety ...
Aviadenovirus/gen tica. Aviadenovirus/isolamento & purifica o. Aviadenovirus/patogenicidade. T cnicas de Genotipagem. Hepatite ... Aviadenovirus/classifica o. Aviadenovirus/gen tica. Galinhas/virologia. DNA Viral/gen tica. Hepatite Animal/virologia. Doen a ... Aviadenovirus/gen tica. Aviadenovirus/isolamento & purifica o. Embri o de Galinha. DNA Viral/gen tica. Gen tipo. Alemanha/ ... Aviadenovirus/classifica o. Aviadenovirus/gen tica. Galinhas. Surtos de Doen as. Feminino. Hepatite Viral Animal/epidemiologia ...
They belong to the family Adenoviridae, which is divided into five genera (Mastadenovirus, Atadenovirus, Aviadenovirus, ...
n a family of unenveloped, 20-sided DNA viruses found in mammals (Mastadenovirus) and birds (Aviadenovirus). The human variety ...
turkey aviadenovirus*turkey adenovirus 2 * infectious canine hepatitis canine adenovirus 1 (mastadenovirus) ...
... nucleotide identity to the aviadenovirus Fowl adenovirus E (Fig. 2). Eight different AstVs were found (PgAstV-1 to -8), all of ...
Kaján GL, Davison AJ, Palya V, Harrach B, Benkő M (2012) Genome sequence of a waterfowl aviadenovirus, goose adenovirus 4. J ...
It is a member of the genus Aviadenovirus and also referred to as Fowl Adenovirus 1 (FAdV-1). Compared to mammalian and, in ...
... the genus Aviadenovirus (Avian adenoviruses); and non-cultivatable adenoviruses; the family Papoviridae, including the genus ...
... also shared his knowledge and field experience on Fowl Aviadenovirus Infections and Histomonosis, while the threat of new and ...
  • Adenoviruses are divided into four genera: Aviadenovirus (which infects birds), Mastadenovirus (which infects mammals), Atadenovirus and Siadenovirus (which infect a variety of organisms). (kenyon.edu)
  • BAV subgroup I (BAV1 to BAV3 and BAV10) belongs to the genus Mastadenovirus , while BAV subgroup II (BAV4 to BAV8) has now been clustered in the genus Atadenovirus , which also includes atypical OAVs, such as isolate 287 (OAV287) and members previously classified within the Aviadenovirus genus, such as egg drop syndrome (EDS) virus ( 5 , 7 , 8 , 15 ). (asm.org)
  • 2005). At present, these genera are Mastadenovirus (infecting mammals), Aviadenovirus (infecting birds), Atadenovirus (named after the bias of their genomes containing high A+T content infecting a broad range of hosts including ruminants, as well as avian, reptilian and marsupial hosts), and Siadenovirus (infects birds and frogs). (scielo.org.za)
  • In 2013 and 2014, we determined the structures of the L-shaped tail fibre of bacteriophage T5 (the pb1 protein) with and without its C-terminal intramolecular chaperone, of the bacteriophage T4 fibre protein gp34, and of several animal adenovirus fibre proteins (snake atadenovirus 1, turkey siadenovirus 3, bovine atadenovirus 4, goose aviadenovirus 4 and mouse mastadenovirus 2). (csic.es)
  • A family of non-enveloped viruses infecting mammals (MASTADENOVIRUS) and birds (AVIADENOVIRUS) or both (ATADENOVIRUS). (bvsalud.org)
  • Notably, fiber-2 protein, which is present in Aviadenovirus but not Atadenovirus, is also present in Psittacine adenovirus HKU1. (cdc.gov)
  • Falcon aviadenovirus A is an avian adenovirus that infects birds of the genus Falco, commonly called falcons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genus Tequatrovirus ( T4virus , T4-ähnliche Viren , en. (wikipedia.org)
  • Harrach B (2002): Genus Aviadenovirus . (vmri.hu)
  • Fowl adenovirus (FAdV) is a member of the genus Aviadenovirus and causes a number of economically important poultry diseases. (scielo.org.za)
  • It is a member of the genus Aviadenovirus and also referred to as Fowl Adenovirus 1 (FAdV-1). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Fowl adenoviruses (FAdVs), which belong to the genus Aviadenovirus in the Adenoviridae family, are grouped into five species named Fowl adenovirus A-E ( FAdV-A to FAdV - E ) and 12 serotypes (1-11, 8a, 8b) based on genome sequencing and virus neutralisation, respectively. (bmj.com)
  • The type species of the genus AVIADENOVIRUS, family ADENOVIRIDAE, an oncogenic virus of birds. (bireme.br)
  • Serotype 4 Fowl adenovirus (FAdV-4) belongs to group I adenoviruses in the genus Aviadenovirus, also known as 'Angara Disease', was first reported in Angara Goth, Pakistan in 1987. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Mastadenovirus (adenoviruses infecting mammals) and Aviadenovirus (adenoviruses infecting birds). (asm.org)
  • Mastadenovirus infect humans and mammals whereas Aviadenovirus infects birds. (differencebetween.com)
  • It was identified as fowl adenovirus genotype 7 (species Fowl aviadenovirus E) based on nucleotide sequence analysis of the loop L1 region of the hexon gene. (bireme.br)
  • Adenovirus 36 y su potencial contribuci n en el desarrollo de obesidad. (bireme.br)
  • Krebs T, Zimmerli S, Bodmer T, Lammle quencing after amplifi cation directly we isolated a novel adenovirus from a B. Mycobacterium genavense infection from intestinal biopsy specimens en- in a patient with long-standing chronic fruit bat in Japan. (cdc.gov)
  • Se busca así, incrementar la difusión nacional e internacional de la ciencia que se genera en el Perú. (gob.pe)
  • Clinicopathological characterization and genomic sequence differences observed in a highly virulent fowl aviadenovirus serotype 4. (medworm.com)
  • Isolation and characterization of fowl aviadenovirus serotype 11 from chickens with inclusion body hepatitis in Morocco. (annals.org)
  • In the present study, inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) was experimentally induced by oral inoculation of two groups of specific pathogen-free (SPF) broilers and two groups of SPF layers at day-old with either a fowl aviadenovirus (FAdV)-D or a FAdV-E strain. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The occurrence of Aviadenovirus (FAdV) was investigated in chickens from the poultry industry of Minas Gerais state, Brazil. (bvsalud.org)
  • The hexon-gene-targeted PCR amplicon sequences aligned with FAdV of species D of Aviadenovirus. (bvsalud.org)
  • Descreve-se a ocorrência de Aviadenovirus (FAdV) na avicultura mineira. (bvsalud.org)
  • International expert Professor Dr. Michael Hess, head of the department for farm animals and veterinary public health, Vienna Veterinary University, also shared his knowledge and field experience on Fowl Aviadenovirus Infections and Histomonosis, while the threat of new and emerging diseases was addressed by Aviagen's Global Head of Veterinary Services, Dr. Nick Dorko. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Hess, M (2020): Aviadenovirus infections. (vu-wien.ac.at)
  • Marek, Ana and Kaján, Győző and Kosiol, Carolin and Benkő, Mária and Schachner, Anna and Hess, Michael (2016) Genetic diversity of species Fowl aviadenovirus D and Fowl aviadenovirus E. Journal of General Virology, 97. (mtak.hu)
  • Transmission of Falcon aviadenovirus A occurs horizontally through the fecal-oral route. (wikipedia.org)
  • As Falcon aviadenovirus A infects falcons found throughout North America, the virus likely has a large geographic distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • An Aviadenovirus was isolated in chicken eggs and characterized genetically with 99% identity to the fowl Aviadenovirus A, as based on the hexon protein gene. (usda.gov)