A treatment that suppresses undesirable behavior by simultaneously exposing the subject to unpleasant consequences.

Maternal and developmental toxicity evaluation of melatonin administered orally to pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats. (1/30)

Melatonin (MEL) is a widely used, over-the-counter sleep aid, and it has putative contraceptive, antioxidant, antiaging, and anticancer effects. The developmental toxicity potential for repeated oral doses of MEL had not previously been evaluated. In the present studies, time-mated, Sprague-Dawley-derived (CD) rats were administered MEL or vehicle by gavage on gestation days (gd) 6-19. MEL-treated groups received 1-, 10-, 100-, 150-, or 200-mg/kg body weight/day in the screening study (15 rats/group), and 50, 100, or 200 mg/kg/day in the definitive study (25 rats/group). In both studies, maternal food/water consumption, body weight, and clinical signs were monitored at regular intervals throughout gestation. At termination (gd 20, both studies), maternal liver and gravid uterine weights, number of ovarian corpora lutea, conceptus survival, fetal sex, and fetal body weight were evaluated. Fetal morphological examination included external structures (both studies) as well as visceral and skeletal structures (definitive study). In the screening study, maternal serum levels of 17beta-estradiol, progesterone, prolactin, and luteinizing hormone were determined by radioimmunoassay, and mammary tissue was fixed, stained, and evaluated for percent glandular area within the fat pad. No maternal morbidity/mortality was found in either study. In the screening study, aversion to treatment (> or =100 mg/kg/day) and reduced maternal weight gain (> or =150 mg/kg/day) were noted, but reproductive/endocrine parameters and fetal development were not affected. In the definitive study, aversion to treatment was noted at > or =50 mg/kg/day, and mild sedation, reduced maternal food intake, and reduced body weight gain were found during initial treatment with 200 mg/kg/day. MEL had no effect on prenatal survival, fetal body weight, or incidences of fetal malformations/variations. Thus, in the definitive study, the maternal toxicity NOAEL and LOAEL were 100 and 200 mg/kg/day, respectively, and the developmental toxicity NOAEL was > or =200 mg/kg/day.  (+info)

Paradigm to test a drug-induced aversion to ethanol. (2/30)

The screening of new agents for aversive therapy of alcoholism requires a simple animal model. Animals trained to ingest ethanol solutions and subsequently administered a drug known to produce an aversion to ethanol in humans, do not readily make the association between the malaise induced by the aversive drug-ethanol reaction and the consumption of the same ethanol-containing solution that has been consumed previously without ill effects. An experimental paradigm is reported in which the malaise of the drug-ethanol reaction is quickly recognized by rats as derived from ethanol. Disulfiram was used as the model drug. Lewis rats were deprived of water for 18 h after which 6% (v/v) ethanol was offered as the only fluid. During the first hour of ethanol access, both controls (vehicle) and disulfiram (100 mg/kg)-treated animals consumed intoxicating amounts of ethanol (0.7-0.9 g ethanol/kg). Plasma acetaldehyde levels developed were 3-5 microM and 40-50 microM in the two groups respectively. After this time, disulfiram-treated animals virtually ceased consuming alcohol (90% inhibition), indicating that the disulfiram-ethanol reaction is associated with alcohol ingestion. Control animals continued consuming the alcohol solution for the additional 4-5 h tested. This model should be of value in the testing of new agents that reduce aldehyde dehydrogenase levels for prolonged periods for their potential as an aversive treatment in alcoholism.  (+info)

The aversive control of excessive alcohol consumption by chronic alcoholics in the laboratory setting. (3/30)

The efficacy of several methods of aversive control of excessive alcoholic drinking was investigated in a semi-naturalistic setting that permitted objective measurement of the drinking behavior of chronic alcoholics. Studies 1A and 1B compared an excape-conditioning precedure with a control procedure in which aversive electrical shocks were administered before drinking. Neither procedure effectively decreased subjects' pretreatment, baseline alcoholic drinking behavior. In Study 2, aversive response-contingent shocks effectively suppressed alcoholic drinking, but drinking subsequently returned to its former levels after withdrawal of punishment. Self-administered shock appeared to be as effective as experimenter-administered punishment for controlling drinking, even when the punishment contingency was faded out over time. Study 3 replicated the suppressant effect of punishment, and demonstrated that contingent shock was significantly more effective than yoked, noncontingent shock. A direct comparison of self-versus experimenter-administered punishment suggested a possible slight advantage for the latter.  (+info)

Punishment of self-injurious behavior using aromatic ammonia as the aversive stimulus. (4/30)

Punishment with aromatic ammonia was used to eliminate self-injurious behavior of an autistic woman during experimental sessions. The effects were reversible but were limited to experimental sessions until staff used the ammonia on the ward at all times.  (+info)

Conditioning taste aversions to locoweed (Oxytropis sericea) in horses. (5/30)

Locoweed (Oxytropis sericea) is a serious poisoning problem for horses grazing on infested rangelands in the western United States. Our objectives were to determine 1) whether lithium chloride or apomorphine would condition aversions to palatable foods, and at what doses, and 2) whether horses could be averted to fresh locoweed in a pen and grazing situation. Apomorphine was not an acceptable aversive agent because at the dose required to condition an aversion (> or = 0.17 mg/kg BW), apomorphine induced unacceptable behavioral effects. Lithium chloride given via stomach tube at 190 mg/kg BW conditioned strong and persistent aversions to palatable feeds with minor signs of distress. Pen and grazing tests were conducted in Colorado to determine if horses could be averted to fresh locoweed. Pen tests indicated that most horses (5/6) were completely averted from locoweed. Treated horses ate 34 g of fresh locoweed compared to 135 g for controls (P < 0.01) during three pen tests when offered 150 g per test. One horse (T) in the treatment group ate locoweed each time it was offered in the pen, but ate no locoweed while grazing. In the grazing trial, control horses averaged 8.6% of bites of locoweed (P < 0.01) during the grazing portion of the study, whereas treated horses averaged <0.5%. One treated horse (S) accounted for all consumption; he consumed 15% of his bites as locoweed in a grazing bout on d 2 of the field study. Thereafter, he was dosed a second time with lithium chloride and ate no locoweed in the subsequent 5 d. Three of six horses required two pairings of lithium chloride with fresh locoweed to condition a complete aversion. The results of this study indicate that horses can be averted from locoweed using lithium chloride as an aversive agent, and this may provide a management tool to reduce the risk of intoxication for horses grazing locoweed-infested rangeland.  (+info)

Comparison of larkspur alkaloid extract and lithium chloride in maintaining cattle aversion to larkspur in the field. (6/30)

Lithium chloride (LiCl) and larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) alkaloid extract were compared in their effect as an emetic to create taste aversions to fresh larkspur. They were further compared in the field to determine whether the indigenous larkspur alkaloids were more effective in maintaining the aversion when conditioned cattle were subjected to the social pressure (social facilitation) of control cattle eating larkspur. Taste aversions were produced in two groups of 1-yr-old cattle by offering fresh larkspur and then gavaging with either LiCl at 200 mg/kg of BW or larkspur alkaloid extract at 1.1 to 1.6 mL/kg of BW. The third group (control) was gavaged with water. The alkaloid group was slower to form an aversion than the lithium group, requiring four doses compared with two doses. All groups were then taken to larkspur-infested rangeland to test the aversion in the field. In the first field trial in which groups grazed separately, both aversion-induced groups generally abstained from eating larkspur. In the second trial in which all groups grazed together, both aversion-induced groups consumed less than half as much larkspur as the controls, but neither group abstained completely. Larkspur alkaloids did not maintain the aversion to larkspur to a greater degree than did LiCl when aversion-induced cattle were subjected to social facilitation.  (+info)

Gentle teaching and applied behavior analysis: a critical review. (7/30)

In recent years, there has been a growing controversy surrounding gentle teaching. This paper explores the nature of this controversy with particular reference to the relationship between gentle teaching and applied behavior analysis. Advantages and disadvantages of this approach are discussed, and it is suggested that gentle teaching and applied behavior analysis need not be regarded as mutually exclusive approaches to working with persons with mental retardation.  (+info)

Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement. (8/30)

BACKGROUND: Little data exists on the effectiveness of psychological interventions for children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that has resulted from exposure to war or conflict-related violence, especially in non-industrialized countries. We created and evaluated the efficacy of KIDNET, a child-friendly version of Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET), as a short-term treatment for children. METHODS: Six Somali children suffering from PTSD aged 12-17 years resident in a refugee settlement in Uganda were treated with four to six individual sessions of KIDNET by expert clinicians. Symptoms of PTSD and depression were assessed pre-treatment, post-treatment and at nine months follow-up using the CIDI Sections K and E. RESULTS: Important symptom reduction was evident immediately after treatment and treatment outcomes were sustained at the 9-month follow-up. All patients completed therapy, reported functioning gains and could be helped to reconstruct their traumatic experiences into a narrative with the use of illustrative material. CONCLUSIONS: NET may be safe and effective to treat children with war related PTSD in the setting of refugee settlements in developing countries.  (+info)

Aversive therapy is a behavioral treatment approach that uses negative reinforcement or punishment to help an individual reduce or stop undesirable behaviors. The goal of aversive therapy is to condition the person to associate the undesirable behavior with an unpleasant stimulus, such as a taste, sound, or image, so that they are deterred from engaging in the behavior in the future.

In aversive therapy, the therapist may use several techniques, including:

1. Contingent negative reinforcement: This involves removing a positive reinforcer (a reward) after the undesirable behavior occurs. For example, if a child with a disruptive behavior disorder is given tokens for good behavior that can be exchanged for prizes, and then loses tokens for misbehaving, this is an example of contingent negative reinforcement.
2. Punishment: This involves presenting an unpleasant stimulus immediately after the undesirable behavior occurs. For example, if a person who bites their nails receives a mild electric shock every time they bite their nails, this is an example of punishment.
3. Avoidance conditioning: This involves associating a negative stimulus with a particular situation or object to create an aversion to it. For example, if a person has a phobia of spiders, the therapist may gradually expose them to images or objects associated with spiders while also presenting a mild electric shock. Over time, the person learns to associate the spider-related stimuli with the unpleasant shock and develops an aversion to spiders.

It's important to note that aversive therapy can be controversial due to concerns about potential harm, including physical discomfort or psychological distress. As a result, it is typically used as a last resort when other treatment approaches have been ineffective, and only under the close supervision of a qualified professional who can ensure that the therapy is administered safely and ethically.

Lee, Cami R.; Harrington, Kathy; Rockford, Laura; Shah, Nipam; Pruitt, Chris; Grant, Makenzie (July 2020). "Aversive Therapy ... Emetic (to induce vomiting) therapy and faradic (administered shock) aversion therapy have been used to induce aversion for ... Serber, Michael (1970-09-01). "Shame aversion therapy". Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 1 (3): 213-215 ... aversion therapy is implemented in the form of shame. The goal in this kind of therapy is to target the individuals who feel ...
Cessation of the aversive stimuli was typically accompanied by the presentation of opposite-sex erotic images, with the ... The term "reparative therapy" has been used as a synonym for conversion therapy generally, but according to Jack Drescher it ... Gender exploratory therapy uses talk therapy in an attempt to find pathological roots for gender dysphoria. In a September 2022 ... Gender exploratory therapy, or GET, is a form of conversion therapy in which the administrator attempts to delay transition ( ...
Therapists may feel intense disgust and aversive reactions. Feelings of countertransference can interfere with therapy. Another ... This can compromise any therapy. To avoid non-disclosure, therapists are encouraged to communicate their openness in indirect ... Therapists can also deliberately bring up BDSM topics during the course of therapy. With less informed therapists, sometimes ... Wilson, Glenn (2010). "The Sex Fantasy Questionnaire: An update". Sexual and Relationship Therapy. 25 (#1): 68-72. doi:10.1080/ ...
... and multi-element frameworks therapy with the constructs of family therapy. Whilst systemic consultation is in its infancy ( ... LaVigna & Donnellan (1986). "Alternatives to punishment: Solving behavior problems with non-aversive strategies". New York: ... This may be carried out as a part of the assessment phase therapy In recent years there has been an increasing recognition of ... Systemic consultation, in a similar fashion to family therapy tends to view change in terms of the system of interaction ...
Basson, R. (2000). "The female sexual response: A different model". Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy 26, 51-65. Levin, R. J ... New York: Bantam Books.[page needed] Both, S., Everaerd, W., Laan, E. (2003). "Modulation of spinal reflexes by aversive and ... Kaplan, H. S. (1974). The New Sex Therapy: Active Treatment of Sexual Dysfunctions. New York: Brunner/Mazel, Publishers, Inc. ... Sexual and Relationship Therapy 23(4), 393-399. Rosenberg, M. T., Hazzard, M. A., Tallamn, C. T., & Ohl, D. A. (2006). "Is the ...
A Multisensory Conditioned Aversive Reflex Disorder". Frontiers in Psychology. 8. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01975. ISSN 1664-1078 ... which makes it a form of cognitive behavioral therapy. Sequent Repatterning therapy was developed as a specific therapy to help ... This programme consists four distinct phases, categorised as Pre-therapy Foundation Active Therapy Future Pacing and is usually ... and Zoom to deliver therapy remotely, as well as some members of the team meeting with individuals in person, in their therapy ...
"Imagery rescripting as a clinical intervention for aversive memories: A meta-analysis."". Journal of Behavior Therapy and ... The method was fine-tuned through its use in cognitive therapy for PTSD, CBT for nightmares, and schema therapy for personality ... Aaron Beck adapted Perls's technique in his cognitive therapy group in the early 1980s. This brought imagery into mainstream ... Blackwell, S.E. (2021). ""Mental Imagery in the Science and Practice of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: Past, Present, and Future ...
Sobell, M. B.; Sobell, L. C. (1976). "Second year treatment outcome of alcoholics treated by individualized behavior therapy: ... Caddy, G. R.; Lovibond, S. H. (1976). "Self-regulation and discriminated aversive conditioning in the modification of ... Sobell, M. B.; Sobell, L. C. (1973). "Alcoholics treated by individualized behavior therapy: One year treatment outcomes". ... Results". Behaviour Research and Therapy. 14 (3): 195-215. doi:10.1016/0005-7967(76)90013-9. PMID 962778. Vogler, R. E.; ...
EMDR adds a number of non-scientific practices to exposure therapy. EMDR is classified as one of the "power therapies" ... Eye movements and attentional breathing tax working memory and reduce vividness and emotionality of aversive ideation". Journal ... It has been called a purple hat therapy because any effectiveness is provided by the underlying therapy (or the standard ... alongside thought field therapy, Emotional Freedom Techniques and others - so called because these therapies are marketed as ...
The residents were then taken off aversive therapy, rewarded heavily for several days, and asked to perform only tasks that ... the Judge Rotenberg Center and the Continuing Debate over Aversive Therapy". Holy Cross Journal of Law and Public Policy. 14 (1 ... and without a license to use aversives. The institute used aversives on residents there nonetheless. When the institute applied ... Aversives used by the JRC include contingent food programs, long-term restraints, sensory deprivation, and GED shocks. While ...
"Dialectical behavior therapy" (DBT) and "Acceptance and commitment therapy" (ACT) uses positive reinforcement and covert ... "Systematic desensitization" associates an aversive stimulus with a behavior that the client wishes to reduce or eliminate. This ... Therapies and self-help methods have aspects of covert conditioning. This can be seen in focusing, some neuro-linguistic ... "Covert negative reinforcement" attempts to increase a behavior by connecting the termination of an aversive stimulus with ...
From the 80s to the 2000s reparative therapy (also called conversion therapy) became the dominant treatment method, and it was ... 90 Teachings later changed as it became clear these self-help and aversive techniques were not working. ... also called conversion therapy or reparative therapy). These current teachings and policies leave homosexual members with the ... No, it's not a therapy. In times past, decades ago, there were some practices to that effect. We have eradicated them in the ...
Children with social problems do see an improvement in social skills after behavior therapy and behavior modification (see ... Research also suggests that neglected children are the least interactive and aversive, yet remain relatively unknown in groups ... The World Association for Behavior Analysis has a certification in behavior therapy. The exam draws questions on behavioral ... Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 20 (1): 17-29. doi:10.1016/0005-7916(89)90004-9. PMID 2671048. Bijou, ...
Aversion therapy and punishment is a technique in which an aversive (painful or unpleasant) stimulus is used to decrease ... The punishment side of aversion therapy is when an aversive stimulus is presented at the same time that a negative stimulus and ... Examples of the type of negative stimulus or punishment that can be used is shock therapy treatments, aversive drug treatments ... Functional analytic therapy focuses on in-session use of reinforcement and is primarily a relationally-based therapy. As with ...
"Aversive inhibition in adult ADHD and its restoration by mindfulness-based cognitive therapy: A behavioral pilot study" ( ... Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a frequently suggested treatment for executive dysfunction, but has shown limited ... These included mindfulness training, cognitive based behavioral therapy, as well as education to help the participants ... in a group rehabilitation setting showed a significant increase in positive treatment outcome compared with individual therapy ...
Some behavior therapies, such as dialectical behavior therapy, make extensive use of behavior chain analysis, but is not ... However, aversives have continued to be used in some ABA programs. In comments made in 2014 to the US Food and Drug ... The use of aversives and reinforcement were used to motivate learning and reduce non-desired behaviors. Early development of ... By the time children were enrolled in this study, such aversives were abandoned, and a loud "no" or a slap to the thigh were ...
... or as a painful method of aversive conditioning. It was started in the 1930s. Shock therapy covers multiple forms. Two types of ... Shock therapy has fallen away in use in lieu of other forms of treatment. Shock therapy (disambiguation) "Shock therapy , ... Shock therapy describes a set of techniques used in psychiatry to treat depressive disorder or other illnesses, by inducing ... Convulsive therapy, using pentylenetetrazol or other agents to induce seizures. The first use was with cardiazol by von Meduna ...
... with aversive stimuli. This concept pervades the case studies in Conditioned Reflex Therapy. Various academic psychologists ... p. 173) Conditioned Reflex Therapy is widely considered a landmark in the history of behavior therapy. (pp. 202-203) As Kazdin ... Franks, C. (1969). Behavior Therapy: Appraisal and Status. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Perls, F. (1969) Gestalt Therapy Verbatim ... and the origins of behavior therapy with no citation to Salter." (p. 31) Some methods now used in cognitive behavior therapy ( ...
Several national and international disability rights groups have spoken against the use of aversive therapies, including TASH ... There are two types of aversive stimuli: Unconditioned aversive stimuli naturally result in pain or discomfort and are often ... aversive stimulus is an initially neutral stimulus that becomes aversive after repeated pairing with an unconditioned aversive ... Aversives can be applied naturally (such as touching a hot stove) or in a contrived manner (such as during torture or behavior ...
Rimland supported chelation therapy, a treatment for lead and heavy metal poisoning, for some children with autism. Neither the ... At least once, he misrepresented the views of his colleagues to make it seem as though they supported aversive when they did ... 1976 Modern Therapies (with Virginia Binder, A. Binder) 1998 Biological Treatments for Autism and PDD (with William Shaw, Lisa ... Parents look to unproven therapies to solve autism". Los Angeles Times. No. Home Edition. p. S.5. International Society for ...
The DAR is key to disulfiram therapy that is widely used for alcohol-aversive treatment and management of other addictions (e.g ... Alcohol intolerance Disulfiram-like drug Mushroom poisoning Elenbaas, R. M. (August 1977). "Drug therapy reviews: management of ... Haddock, Neil F. (March 1982). "Cutaneous Reactions to Lower Aliphatic Alcohols Before and During Disulfiram Therapy". Archives ... Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy. 20 (5): 391-392. doi:10.1007/s10557-006-0493-8. PMID 17119876. S2CID 30117045. ProQuest ...
For instance, glucocorticoids can prevent aversive learning episodes from being retrieved and heighten reinforcement of memory ... acceptance and commitment therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, metacognitive therapy, metacognitive training, reality therapy ... The most prominent therapies of this third wave are dialectical behavior therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy. Despite ... Beck has been referred to as "the father of cognitive behavioral therapy". It was these two therapies, rational emotive therapy ...
... the time was either institutionalization or involvement in a behavior modification-style program that included aversive therapy ... The therapeutic, distraction play therapy progressed into a teaching model called The Son-Rise Program. By 1983, Bears and ...
More recently, he blocked proposals to ban "conversion therapy" for minors in Minnesota, though he has said that he did not ... support "coercive or aversive counseling." Gazelka and his wife once sent their child to an anti-same-sex relationship ... Walz Demand 'Conversion Therapy' Ban". Associated Press News. Gazelka, Paul (2003). Marketplace ministers : awakening God's ... Amid a subsequent Minnesota Senate debate over a proposal to ban conversion therapy, Gazelka's child (now an adult) described ...
The Speakmans use a technique known as Visual Schema Displacement Therapy (VSDT). A non-clinical study into the technique found ... an abbreviated EMDR protocol and a control condition on emotionality and vividness of aversive memories: Two critical analogue ... "What is VSDT?". VSDT, Visual Schema Displacement Therapy. Retrieved 17 August 2020. Matthijsse,Suzy J.M.A; Lucinda M. van ... Beerschoton; Ad de Jongh; Irene G Klugkist; Marcel A. van den Hout (2019). "Effects of "Visual Schema Displacement Therapy" ( ...
Watson, David; Clark, Lee Anna (1984). "Negative Affectivity: The Disposition to Experience Aversive Emotional States". ... Behavior Therapy. 48 (6): 820-833. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2017.07.003. PMC 6028186. PMID 29029678. Naragon, K., & Watson, D. (2009 ...
"Autism Shock Therapy Practiced In US Is Torture, Says UN Official". Forbes. Retrieved 2020-08-14. "Inside last facility in the ... "FDA Bans 'Aversive' Shock Treatment". MedPageToday.com. 2020-03-04. Retrieved 2020-07-27. "THE JUDGE ROTENBERG EDUCATIONAL ... Kaufman, Leslie (25 December 2007). "Parents Defend School's Use of Shock Therapy". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 August 2020 ... "School Keeps License to Give Shock Therapy Despite Prank". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved January 1, 2014. ...
Conversion therapy can be harmful. Glassgold 2009, p. 91: "As noted previously, early research indicates that aversive ... Reparative Therapy'". lambdalegal.org. Lambda Legal. "Policy and Position Statements on Conversion Therapy". Human Rights ... Today conversion therapy is seen as ineffective and highly abusive.[excessive citations] June's third doctor was an alienist ... There is a growing body of evidence that conversion therapy not only does not work, but also can be extremely harmful, ...
The Washington Post ran a story that only exposure therapy is proven for PTSD and that cognitive therapy or even drug therapy ... Ethical opposition to such aversive practices caused them to fall out of favor and has stimulated development of less aversive ... For PTSDs exposure therapy is one of the few evidence-based techniques. Recent research suggests exposure therapy is an ... Direct therapy is also used in schools but can also be found in group homes, in a behavior modification facility and in ...
... especially those that are restrictive or use aversives, aversion therapy, or punishment protocols. Some desire to limit such ... management Behavior therapy Classical conditioning Cognitive behavioral therapy Cognitive bias modification Conversion therapy ... When misused, more aversive punishment can lead to affective (emotional) disorders, as well as to the receiver of the ... Many techniques in this therapy are specific techniques aimed at specific issues. Interventions based on behavior analytic ...
Lee, Cami R.; Harrington, Kathy; Rockford, Laura; Shah, Nipam; Pruitt, Chris; Grant, Makenzie (July 2020). "Aversive Therapy ... Emetic (to induce vomiting) therapy and faradic (administered shock) aversion therapy have been used to induce aversion for ... Serber, Michael (1970-09-01). "Shame aversion therapy". Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 1 (3): 213-215 ... aversion therapy is implemented in the form of shame. The goal in this kind of therapy is to target the individuals who feel ...
Virtually all autism centers and mental health hospitals in the United States have disavowed aversive shock therapy. However, ... Painful aversive conditioning has no place in the treatment of autism or any developmental disorder. We urge the FDA to pursue ... A federal court this week overturned an FDA ban on electric shock devices used as a form of aversion therapy on children and ... Autism Speaks continues to support the ban on the use of ESDs and aversion therapy and affirms its 2016 statement when the ban ...
Effects of imagery rescripting on consolidated memories of an aversive film. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental ... Behaviour Research and Therapy, 97, 14-25. *Lancee, J., van Schagen, A., Kunze, A. E., Spoormaker, V. (2017). Protocollaire ... Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 48, 170-176. doi:10.1016/j.jbtep.2015.03.013 ... During ImRs, patients are instructed to change the aversive memories into less distressing mental images according to their ...
Palavras-chave : Adolescence; Depression; Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). · resumo em Português · texto em Português · ... FERNANDES, Luan Flávia Barufi et al. Aversive events and depression in adolescence: a case review. Rev. bras.ter. cogn. [online ... Twenty sessions of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT) were prescribed in order to reduce depressive symptoms and stress, and to ...
Becks Cognitive Therapy *Aspergers Disorder *Inter-rater Reliability *Parametric Tests *Vascular Dementia plus all of the ... Aversive Counterconditioning *Midbrain *Antipsychotic Drugs *Premack Principle *John B. Watson *Benzodiazepines *Lewins Force ... Rehms Self-control Therapy *Theories of Color Vision *Avoidance Chaining *Elaboration Likelihood Model *Cutaneous Senses * ...
Aversive treatment. This sets something unpleasant with an actions to assist you stop the actions. For example, putting ... Remaining in therapy does not imply you are crazy. Everybody has issues. Therapy is one way to assist yourself with your ... Behavior Therapy-works well for ladiess mental health problems. This type of therapy is very structured as well as objective ... What is therapy?. Womens mental health and wellness treatment is a means to help you understand on your own better and to deal ...
Aversion therapy involves pairing aversive stimuli to cognitive images of opioid use and conversely conjuring images of ... Cognitive therapy of substance abuse: Developed by Beck and colleagues, cognitive therapy of substance abuse is based on the ... Opioid maintenance therapy. Pharmacologic therapy for heroin addiction has focused on ameliorating withdrawal symptoms and ... Methadone maintenance therapy [40] (MMT) has been the standard of care for more than 30 years. However, the recent advent of ...
Palavras-chave : Pediatric Dentistry; Child Behavior; Aversive Therapy; Behavior Control; Dentist. · resumo em Português · ... BARBOSA MINHOTO, Talita et al. Pediatric dentists and aversive techniques for child behavior control. RFO UPF [online]. 2016, ... The aversive technique chosen by most professionals was the restraint of arms, legs, and head without specific devices (53.6 ... Objective: to evaluate the profile of pediatric dentists and the use of aversive techniques for behavior control in the ...
... and speech therapies, as well as behavior, art, music, water, horticulture, recreation, conductive, constraint, aversive, and ...
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/drug therapy/physiopathology, Tobacco Use Disorder/drug therapy/physiopathology ... An aversive tobacco abstinence syndrome, thought to reflect an underlying level of nicotine dependence, contributes to ... Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) suppresses tobacco abstinence, but high relapse rates suggest room for improvement. ... TN increased heart rate and ratings of aversive side effects (e.g., nausea, lightheadedness) in a dose-related manner, and ...
Behavior Therapies - William R Miller. Find out more about Dr Miller and Motivational Interviewing online training for ... Aversive Counterconditioning. Aversion therapies, based on the Pavlovian method of counterconditioning, showed early promise in ... Some behavior therapies are quite intensive, requiring a lot of in-person (and sometimes at-home) time to deliver. It seemed ... Rimmele, C. T., Miller, W. R., & Dougher, M. J. (1989). Aversion therapies. In R. K. Hester & W. R. Miller (Eds.), Handbook of ...
3. In most cases, particularly in those that have been going on for a long time, drug therapy may prove necessary. Beta- ... and situations in which an aversive stimulus such as inappropriate climatic conditions, an aggressive group member, or ...
anxiety therapy can help. Neurologists have revealed changes to a brain mechanism used for learning and survival may play a ... In this case, aversive; we still need to confirm if this is true for other emotions like sadness, disgust, happiness, etc.," ... Melanie Wendt is a Los Gatos Therapist specializing in Anxiety Therapy Los Gatos.. Do you have the feeling that youre falling ... In anxiety therapy they found the brains of people exposed to trauma without psychopathologies were compensating for changes in ...
"Aversive Imagery" treatment in adolescents Erschienen in: Behaviour Research and Therapy, Bd. 5, Nr. 3, 1967, S. 245-248 ... behavioral or verbal therapies), if possible, and moving to more restrictive alternatives (e.g., biological therapies, ... In therapy, attention must be paid to neuroses to be traced back to early childhood." Standort: Magnus-Hirschfeld-Archiv für ... Erschienen in: Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, Bd. 22, Nr. 1, 1997, S. 35-44 [Kim92] Kime, Z.R., 1992. Aberrant sexual ...
The Healing Notes of Music Therapy * Humility is the Utility for Power ... Supporting Recovery Through Non-Aversive Communication * Finding Resilience After the Fire * Resilience in Action ...
Stage 2 - Learning Theory: Discusses dog training principles, including the LIMA (least intrusive, minimally aversive) approach ... It also introduces you to working dogs, including therapy, service and emotional support. ... including using the least invasive minimally aversive (LIMA) training techniques. Students in pursuit of the Certified ...
Praise for Personality-Guided Therapy A comprehensive, innovative approach to the treatment of syndromaland personality ... Aversive learning. Whereas desensitization attempts to eliminate responses (e. g., fear) that inhibit desirable behaviors (e. g ... Gestalt Therapy. What is known as Gestalt therapy may be credited to the ideas and methods of Friedrich (Fritz) Perls. ... Family Therapies. The patient who seeks therapy is often but one member of a pathological family unit. Not uncommonly, ...
The doctor said cognitive behavioral therapy helps those suffering from it. You can do things like putting on headphones, deep ... the part of the brain that processes emotions actually lit up when it was exposed to these aversive sounds, which means there ...
"Evidence for retarded extinction of aversive learning in anxious children." Behaviour Research and Therapy. 44 (10), pp. 1491- ... Online therapy for youth anxiety works! An overview of the evidence for brave-online and predictors of therapy outcome. March, ... "Logging into therapy: Adolescent perceptions of online therapies for mental health problems." Internet Interventions. 15, pp. ... Logging into therapy: parent attitudes and intentions to use computer-based therapies for youth mental health. Sweeney, Grace M ...
No recommendation was given for systematic additional therapies such as cognitive therapy, problem-solving therapy, vitamin D ... and with at least 1 appendicular joint with radiographic evidence of DJD where manipulation elicited an aversive response were ... Diagnosis and therapy of sarcopenia-an update]. / Update zur Diagnose und Therapie der Sarkopenie. ... Innovative pharmacological therapies are currently under investigation and their future relevance for this indication is ...
Occupational Therapy is provided for writing, reading, motor skills, attention, memory, behaviour, sensory processing. ... Aversive responses to sensory information such as sound, movement, touch, what is seen ... Many children require therapy sessions, others just an assessment followed by advice (via a report) in order to achieve their ... Therapy sessions provide a fun and engaging environment in which to practice functional skills. Learning is achieved through ...
Buprenorphine-Naloxone Therapy in Pain Management. May, 2014.. *PLOS ONE. Long Term Suboxone Emotional Reactivity As Measured ... Rewarding or aversive effects of buprenorphine/naloxone combination (Suboxone) depend on conditioning trial duration. Sept, ... for those clients successfully transitioning from more intensive levels of care or desiring longer-term maintenance therapy. ...
... we explore some of the best therapies for treating trauma ... and exposure to aversive stimuli, if applicable.. You might be ... 2. EMDR (eye movement) therapy. EMDR therapy is one of the most effective for treating trauma. It was developed in the 1980s by ... 5. Somatic therapies. Among the most interesting and useful therapies for treating traumas are somatic ones. The Somatic ... 1. Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT). Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is a treatment with scientific evidence that favors ...
In Controversial Therapies for Autism and Intellectual Disabilities: Fad, Fashion, and Science in Professional Practice, Second ... Sherman, R. A. (1991). Aversives, fundamental rights, and the courts. The Behavior Analyst, 14, 197-206. https://doi.org/ ... In Controversial Therapies for Autism and Intellectual Disabilities: Fad, Fashion, and Science in Professional Practice, Second ... Existential Approaches and Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Challenges and Potential Article Open access 04 January 2021 ...
This might include fundamental obedience skills, advanced methods, or therapy. If your pet has an underlying behavior problem, ... There are different pet training approaches, including positive support, clicker training, and aversive strategies. Its vital ...
This experience of shame can be very aversive and has both a cognitive and an emotional component. There may be specific ... Overcome thoughts of defectiveness and increase well-being using acceptance and commitment therapy. New Harbinger Publications. ... Overcome thoughts of defectiveness and increase well-being using acceptance and commitment therapy. New Harbinger Publications. ...
64] Some behavior therapies, such as dialectical behavior therapy, make extensive use of behavior chain analysis, but is not ... IABA is an organization that advances the use of non-aversive, person-centered procedures in the field of challenging behavior ... ABA therapy applies our understanding of how behavior works to real situations. This type of prompt is best suited for ... Broadly, there are three types of punishment: presentation of aversive stimuli (e.g., pain), response cost (removal of ...
New therapies have targeted memory reconsolidation as a strategy to modify the emotional valence of traumatic memories. Here, ... Aversive memory reactivation: A possible role for delta oscillations in the hippocampus-amygdala circuit. ... Palatable diet consumption induced an impairment in memory, aversive or not, and increased Na+ , K+ -ATPase activity, both at ... Animals were submitted to aversive memory reactivation by exposure to the conditioned context (Reat) or to pseudo-reactivation ...
... dog behaviour expert Jean-Claude Bertoni was quoted in a report to VCAT as saying he is so docile he could be therapy dog; ... had proven he was able to deal with aversive situations in a manner greatly exceeding that of other dogs regardless of breed ... was able to meet some of the key evaluation criteria aimed at testing the suitability of dogs to be classified as therapy dogs ... was able to tolerate and embrace being touched everywhere in the same way a qualified therapy dog would; ...
  • The company says the behavior training device uses negative stimuli (the shock) and association (the habit) to teach your brain to associate the two stimuli together, called aversive therapy , until your brain no longer likes the bad habit. (ktvu.com)
  • Rodent models of depression/anhedonia and behavioral tests used to evaluate reactivity toward aversive (a) and positive stimuli (b). (berryhealth.org)
  • A third challenge is teaching learners to cope with the conditioned aversive stimuli that arise from their individual histories of academic failure and challenges. (abainternational.org)
  • Together, they created a medical practice that exclusively treated chronic alcoholism through Pavlovian conditioned reflex aversion therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reduction of aversive learning rates in Pavlovian conditioning by angiotensin II antagonist losartan: a randomised controlled trial. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Aversion therapies, based on the Pavlovian method of counterconditioning, showed early promise in the treatment of alcohol dependence (Rimmele, Miller & Dougher, 1989). (williamrmiller.net)
  • At the Judge Rotenberg Educational Center, aversion therapy is used to perform behavior modification in students as part of the center's applied behavioral analysis program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Twenty sessions of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT) were prescribed in order to reduce depressive symptoms and stress, and to develop coping behavioral skills. (bvsalud.org)
  • Cognitive-behavioral treatment combines behavior and cognitive therapy approaches. (clipmovie.org)
  • Conclusions: it was common for pediatric dentists to use aversive techniques for behavioral control, but few of them requested authorization through a consent form. (bvsalud.org)
  • Behavioral therapies and medication can help manage symptoms. (abct.org)
  • Other behavioral therapy techniques, such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), likely enhance treatment outcomes by facilitating acceptance of the negative and aversive feelings that give rise to pulling and improved emotion regulation. (abct.org)
  • This section describes other research in my lab group testing other behavior therapies that showed promise, and in extending behavioral treatment methods to new problems. (williamrmiller.net)
  • Aversion therapy is a form of psychological treatment in which the patient is exposed to a stimulus while simultaneously being subjected to some form of discomfort. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aversion therapy, when used in a nonconsensual manner, is widely considered to be inhumane. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various forms of aversion therapy have been used in the treatment of addiction to alcohol and other drugs since 1932 (discussed in Principles of Addiction Medicine, Chapter 8, published by the American Society of Addiction Medicine in 2003). (wikipedia.org)
  • An approach to the treatment of alcohol dependence that has been wrongly characterized as aversion therapy involves the use of disulfiram, a drug which is sometimes used as a second-line treatment under appropriate medical supervision. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rather than as an actual aversion therapy, the nastiness of the disulfiram-alcohol reaction is deployed as a drinking deterrent for people receiving other forms of therapy who actively wish to be kept in a state of enforced sobriety (disulfiram is not administered to active drinkers). (wikipedia.org)
  • Emetic (to induce vomiting) therapy and faradic (administered shock) aversion therapy have been used to induce aversion for cocaine dependency. (wikipedia.org)
  • When used in a multimodal program, chemical aversion therapy displayed high patient acceptability among cocaine users as well as promising outcomes such as aversions to the sight, taste, and smell of the drug. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is unknown whether aversion therapy, in the form of rapid smoking (to provide an unpleasant stimulus), can help tobacco smokers overcome the urge to smoke. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although in recent years, a new tactic in aversion therapy has been introduced specifically to individuals who struggle with nicotine addiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aversion therapy has been used in the context of subconscious or compulsive habits, such as chronic nailbiting, hair-pulling (trichotillomania), or skin-picking (commonly associated with forms of obsessive compulsive disorder as well as trichotillomania). (wikipedia.org)
  • In treating sexually deviant behavior, aversion therapy is implemented in the form of shame. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1960s and 1970s aversion therapy was used on a small group of lesbian and bisexual identifying women in England. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Anthony Burgess's novel A Clockwork Orange and the film adaptation directed by Stanley Kubrick, the main character Alex is subjected to a fictional form of aversion therapy, called the "Ludovico technique", with the aim of stopping his violent behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aversion therapy plays a major role in the King of the Hill episode Keeping up with the Joneses, where one of the characters is forced to smoke an entire carton of cigarettes to discourage them from smoking, only for this tactic to backfire and worsen addiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • July 8, 2021) -- A federal appellate court decision this week overturned a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ban on the use of electric shock devices in aversion therapy for children and adults with self-harming or aggressive behaviors. (autismspeaks.org)
  • A federal court this week overturned an FDA ban on electric shock devices used as a form of aversion therapy on children and adults with self-harming and aggressive behaviors. (autismspeaks.org)
  • Gays desperate for a cure tried, or were forced into, aversion therapy. (independent.co.uk)
  • that he was unique in receiving aversion therapy to correct homosexuality. (independent.co.uk)
  • Because of this evidence base and a clear theoretical rationale for the treatment, we conducted three studies to see how helpful aversion therapy would be in our hands. (williamrmiller.net)
  • Another form of aversion therapy, however, involves no physically painful or noxious stimulus. (williamrmiller.net)
  • Findings from clinical and experimental studies underscore the efficacy of ImRs to reduce intrusive memories, negative emotions and/or negative schematic beliefs associated with the aversive/traumatic memories. (lmu.de)
  • Memory labilization, the process by which memories become susceptible to update, is essential for memory reconsolidation and has been a target for novel therapies for traumatic memory-associated disorders. (bvsalud.org)
  • Painful aversive conditioning has no place in the treatment of autism or any developmental disorder. (autismspeaks.org)
  • Trait anxiety is associated with hidden state inference during aversive reversal learning. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Data were collected through a questionnaire, aiming to evaluate sociodemographic data, selection and indication of aversive techniques, anxiety of the pediatric dentist, and consent and acceptance of aversive techniques by children/ caregivers. (bvsalud.org)
  • An experimental investigation of the effects of therapy horses' stress on clients' stress, mood, and anxiety. (uni-saarland.de)
  • Music therapy associated with the kangaroo position for the father was considered a moment which strengthened the father-child bond, as well as reducing sadness and anxiety. (bvsalud.org)
  • Imagery Rescripting (ImRs) is a promising therapeutic technique for the treatment of several psychological disorders that are associated with aversive emotional memories. (lmu.de)
  • Issues pertaining to treatment of chronic opioid abuse include opioid agonist therapy (OAT), psychotherapy, and treatment of acute pain in patients already on maintenance therapy. (medscape.com)
  • Intervention 1: cognitive - evolutionary protocol (Intervention group): Evolutionary cognitive therapy is a psychotherapy based on cognitive therapies that address the distant or evolutionary causes of the disorder. (who.int)
  • Virtually all autism centers and mental health hospitals in the United States have disavowed aversive shock therapy. (autismspeaks.org)
  • The first of these was my dissertation (Miller, 1978) in which we used a form of electric shock (delivered to the hand) aversive counterconditioning as one of three treatments tested. (williamrmiller.net)
  • Practice Management Software for Therapists, Rules and Ethics of Online Therapy for Therapists, How to Send Appointment Reminders that Work. (berryhealth.org)
  • It so happened that in my practice at Behavior Therapy Associates I saw several clients one year who were suffering from disabling nightmares. (williamrmiller.net)
  • Describe at least one practice that is considered ableist in a neurodiversity-affirming therapy model. (speechpathology.com)
  • Due to time constraints, I won't address the autism research that is listed above, but all of the research topics heavily influence how I practice as well as how I developed a neurodiversity-affirming therapy framework. (speechpathology.com)
  • Objective: to evaluate the profile of pediatric dentists and the use of aversive techniques for behavior control in the clinical routine. (bvsalud.org)
  • 5. Carlezon, W.A. Jr. & Wise, R.A. Rewarding actions drug to its receptor, but rather by the rats, treatments associated with aversive of phencyclidine and related drugs in nucleus ac- failure of an expected drug injection to states such as severe drug withdrawal cumbens shell and frontal cortex. (lu.se)
  • Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 62 , 22-29. (lmu.de)
  • Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 48, 170-176. (lmu.de)
  • broadband noise resulted in significantly greater reduction (8.2 points) after 8 weeks of sound therapy use than nature sounds (3.2 points). (frontiersin.org)
  • Depressive disorders belong to the most frequent psychiatric disorders in Western Europe and the U.S.A. and are associated with high recurrence rates, high resistance to therapy, morbidity and mortality [ 1 - 4 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • ImRs has been integrated into different treatment packages, including cognitive therapy for PTSD and Social Phobia, or schema therapy for Personality Disorders. (lmu.de)
  • Sound therapy is currently used in several tinnitus treatment paradigms. (frontiersin.org)
  • Protocollaire behandeling van patiënten met een nachtmerriestoornis: Imaginatie- en rescriptingtherapie [Treatment manual for patients with nightmare disorder: Imagery rehearsal therapy]. (lmu.de)
  • Aversive treatment. (clipmovie.org)
  • However, the recent advent of buprenorphine maintenance therapy (BMT) is changing the landscape of treatment for opioid-dependent patients. (medscape.com)
  • The drugs that are available to treat alcohol use disorder either came from opioids or other drugs that make you have an aversive effect if you drink, and each of them has only small effects,' Akhlaghi said. (nyrealestatelawblog.com)
  • Behavior Therapy-works well for ladies's mental health problems. (clipmovie.org)
  • The relationship between childhood gender nonconformity, aversive childhood experiences, and mental health in heterosexual and non‐ heterosexual cisgender men: The buffering effect of sense of coherence. (uni-saarland.de)
  • What kinds of females's psychological health and wellness therapies exist? (clipmovie.org)
  • Pharmacologic therapy for heroin addiction has focused on ameliorating withdrawal symptoms and reducing cravings. (medscape.com)
  • Naltrexone hydrochloride is not aversive therapy and does not cause a disulfiram-like reaction either as a result of opiate use or ethanol ingestion. (nih.gov)
  • Covert sensitization" is done entirely in imagination, pairing drinking with images that are particularly aversive to the individual. (williamrmiller.net)
  • Specifically, Habit Reversal Therapy (HRT) in tandem with stimulus control is utilized. (abct.org)
  • In cerned authorities have started global `quit addition to clarification of immediate que- smoking' campaigns and have also devel- ries, GPs were informed that if they had oped antismoking clinics, cessation strate- any problems completing the form, they gies, drug therapies and rehabilitation could contact the research team by tele- programmes for smokers [ 4,8 ]. (who.int)
  • Despite major advances in depression research and development of new antidepressant substances, the high rate of therapy-resistant and/or recurrent patients was not improved [ 14 , 15 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • A sound therapy framework based on adaptation level theory is proposed that accounts for individual variation in preference and response to sound. (frontiersin.org)
  • This was meant to work as a form of conversion therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • During ImRs, patients are instructed to change the aversive memories into less distressing mental images according to their individual emotional needs. (lmu.de)
  • Leal LB, Mathiolli C, Lago MTG, Zani AV. Paternal experiences of premature babies, music therapy and the kangaroo position: content analysis. (bvsalud.org)
  • There was no change in minimum masking levels following sound therapy administration. (frontiersin.org)
  • The goal in this kind of therapy is to target the individuals who feel disgusted by their compulsive behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • A failure to account for the heterogeneous nature of tinnitus has likely contributed to the difficulties in identifying useful therapies. (frontiersin.org)
  • Therapy is one way to assist yourself with your problems. (clipmovie.org)

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