Avastrovirus: A genus of ASTROVIRIDAE infecting avian species and often involving extra-intestinal manifestations. The type species is Turkey astrovirus.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.GermanyRed Cross: International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksVanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Complement Factor H: An important soluble regulator of the alternative pathway of complement activation (COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION PATHWAY, ALTERNATIVE). It is a 139-kDa glycoprotein expressed by the liver and secreted into the blood. It binds to COMPLEMENT C3B and makes iC3b (inactivated complement 3b) susceptible to cleavage by COMPLEMENT FACTOR I. Complement factor H also inhibits the association of C3b with COMPLEMENT FACTOR B to form the C3bB proenzyme, and promotes the dissociation of Bb from the C3bBb complex (COMPLEMENT C3 CONVERTASE, ALTERNATIVE PATHWAY).Complement Activation: The sequential activation of serum COMPLEMENT PROTEINS to create the COMPLEMENT MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX. Factors initiating complement activation include ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEXES, microbial ANTIGENS, or cell surface POLYSACCHARIDES.Complement System Proteins: Serum glycoproteins participating in the host defense mechanism of COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION that creates the COMPLEMENT MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX. Included are glycoproteins in the various pathways of complement activation (CLASSICAL COMPLEMENT PATHWAY; ALTERNATIVE COMPLEMENT PATHWAY; and LECTIN COMPLEMENT PATHWAY).Complement C3: A glycoprotein that is central in both the classical and the alternative pathway of COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION. C3 can be cleaved into COMPLEMENT C3A and COMPLEMENT C3B, spontaneously at low level or by C3 CONVERTASE at high level. The smaller fragment C3a is an ANAPHYLATOXIN and mediator of local inflammatory process. The larger fragment C3b binds with C3 convertase to form C5 convertase.Immune Evasion: Methods used by pathogenic organisms to evade a host's immune system.Complement Inactivating Agents: Compounds that negatively regulate the cascade process of COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION. Uncontrolled complement activation and resulting cell lysis is potentially dangerous for the host.Complement Pathway, Alternative: Complement activation initiated by the interaction of microbial ANTIGENS with COMPLEMENT C3B. When COMPLEMENT FACTOR B binds to the membrane-bound C3b, COMPLEMENT FACTOR D cleaves it to form alternative C3 CONVERTASE (C3BBB) which, stabilized by COMPLEMENT FACTOR P, is able to cleave multiple COMPLEMENT C3 to form alternative C5 CONVERTASE (C3BBB3B) leading to cleavage of COMPLEMENT C5 and the assembly of COMPLEMENT MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX.Hepatitis, Infectious Canine: A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.YY1 Transcription Factor: A ubiquitously expressed zinc finger-containing protein that acts both as a repressor and activator of transcription. It interacts with key regulatory proteins such as TATA-BINDING PROTEIN; TFIIB; and ADENOVIRUS E1A PROTEINS.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Yin-Yang: In Chinese philosophy and religion, two principles, one negative, dark, and feminine (yin) and one positive, bright, and masculine (yang), from whose interaction all things are produced and all things are dissolved. As a concept the two polar elements referred originally to the shady and sunny sides of a valley or a hill but it developed into the relationship of any contrasting pair: those specified above (female-male, etc.) as well as cold-hot, wet-dry, weak-strong, etc. It is not a distinct system of thought by itself but permeates Chinese life and thought. A balance of yin and yang is essential to health. A deficiency of either principle can manifest as disease. (Encyclopedia Americana)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Hong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Tourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)Quercetin: A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.Injections, Epidural: The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.Patella: The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.El SalvadorRuminants: A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.Astroviridae Infections: Infections with ASTROVIRUS, causing gastroenteritis in human infants, calves, lambs, and piglets.Mamastrovirus: A genus of small, circular RNA viruses in the family ASTROVIRIDAE. They cause GASTROENTERITIS and are found in the stools of several vertebrates including humans. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route and there are at least eight human serotypes. The type species is Human astrovirus.Astroviridae: A family of RNA viruses with two genera: MAMASTROVIRUS and AVASTROVIRUS. They cause GASTROENTERITIS in humans and also infect other vertebrates.Abelmoschus: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE, order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae best known for okra.ArchivesHepatitis Delta Virus: A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.RNA, Catalytic: RNA that has catalytic activity. The catalytic RNA sequence folds to form a complex surface that can function as an enzyme in reactions with itself and other molecules. It may function even in the absence of protein. There are numerous examples of RNA species that are acted upon by catalytic RNA, however the scope of this enzyme class is not limited to a particular type of substrate.Reverse Genetics: The use of techniques that produce a functional MUTATION or an effect on GENE EXPRESSION of a specific gene of interest in order to identify the role or activity of the gene product of that gene.Hepatitis delta Antigens: Antigens produced by various strains of HEPATITIS D VIRUS.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.

Genomic analysis of closely related astroviruses. (1/10)

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Detection of Turkey astrovirus in young poults affected with poult enteritis complex in Brazil. (2/10)

Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of turkey astrovirus (TAstV) capsid and polymerase genes was applied to the bursa of Fabricius (BF), thymus (TH), spleen (SP) and cloacal swabs (CS) of young poults with "Poult enteritis complex" (PEC). The histological lesions included atrophy, lymphoid depletion, cellular infiltration and necrosis of the BF, TH and SP, respectively. The RT-PCR reactions were positive for the polymerase gene of TAstV-2 in all 100 CSs, 7 out of 10 of BFs and 10 out of 20 THs and SPs, respectively. Five out of 10 THs and SPs samples, considered to be negative by RT-PCR, were positive when specific primers designed for the TAstV-2 capsid gene were applied. This is the first description of turkey astrovirus infection presenting PEC in Latin America.  (+info)

Complete sequence of a duck astrovirus associated with fatal hepatitis in ducklings. (3/10)

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Astrovirus infection induces sodium malabsorption and redistributes sodium hydrogen exchanger expression. (4/10)

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One-year molecular survey of astrovirus infection in turkeys in Poland. (5/10)

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Crystal structure of the human astrovirus capsid spike. (6/10)

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Screening of feral and wood pigeons for viruses harbouring a conserved mobile viral element: characterization of novel Astroviruses and Picornaviruses. (7/10)

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Characterization of turkey inducible nitric oxide synthase and identification of its expression in the intestinal epithelium following astrovirus infection. (8/10)

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There have been some evidence that there are distinct subtypes of turkey astrovirus. Strain et.al., performed experiment in differentiating the types of turkey astrovirus. Predicted capsid amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae 6. The TAstV-1 capsid sequence was found in a clade containing avian nephritis virus, with distance between it and the TAstV-1. Sequence analysis of TastV-1 and TastV-2 diagnostic amplicons was used to demonstrate that the levels of variation among TastV-1 and TastV-2 are very diverse. The phylogenetic analysis of the full-length capsid genes of both types of Tast-V shows that both may have originated from separate introductions into the turkey species and that there are at least two lineages which are distinct subtypes instead of serotypes. There are potential serotypes to appear within each subtypes. A computer analysis was done by Jonassesen et.al. that focused on the ORF1a gene ...
There have been some evidence that there are distinct subtypes of turkey astrovirus. Strain et.al., performed experiment in differentiating the types of turkey astrovirus. Predicted capsid amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae 6. The TAstV-1 capsid sequence was found in a clade containing avian nephritis virus, with distance between it and the TAstV-1. Sequence analysis of TastV-1 and TastV-2 diagnostic amplicons was used to demonstrate that the levels of variation among TastV-1 and TastV-2 are very diverse. The phylogenetic analysis of the full-length capsid genes of both types of Tast-V shows that both may have originated from separate introductions into the turkey species and that there are at least two lineages which are distinct subtypes instead of serotypes. There are potential serotypes to appear within each subtypes. A computer analysis was done by Jonassesen et.al. that focused on the ORF1a gene ...
Not very far, Munnar compliments the Thattekkad Sanctuary well due to its altitude. It is a hill station 125 kms from Kochi to the West. The altitude above 1600 m above MSL means an agreeable climate throughout the year, though in December-January the temperatures can fall to the single digits. The rain fall of over 300 cm is recorded mainly during June to September. The shola-grassland eco- system so typical of Munnar is home to large numbers of birds, many of them endemic. Sightings of endemics like the Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Nilgiri Pipit, Greyheaded Bulbul, Black & Orange Flycatcher, Broadtailed Grassbird, Crimsonbacked Sunbird, Greybreasted Laughing Thrush, Nilgiri Flycatcher, Indian Rufous Babbler, Whitebellied Blue Flycatcher, Whitebellied Shortwing, Whitebellied Treepie & the Wyanad Laughing Thrush can be the highlights of a birding trip to Munnar & surroundings ...
The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of turkey astrovirus(TAstV) capsid and polymerase gene was applied in the bursa of Fabricius (BF),thymus (TH), spleen (SP) and cloacal swabs (CS) from young poults with PEMS(Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome). The histological lesions were atrophy,lymphoid depletion, cellular infiltration and necrosis of BF, TH and SP,respectively. The RT-PCR reactions were positive in all of 100 CS, 7 out of 10 ofBF, 10 out of 20 TH and SP, respectively, for the polymerase gene of TAstV-2.Five out of 10 TH and SP samples, considered as negative by RT-PCR, werepositive when specific primers designed to the TAstV-2 capsid gene were applied.Finally, this is the first description of turkey astrovirus infection presenting PEMS inLatin America ...
The protein encoded by this gene is an epithelial brush border Na/H exchanger that uses an inward sodium ion gradient to expel acids from the cell. Defects in this gene are a cause of congenital secretory sodium diarrhea. Pseudogenes of this gene exist on chromosomes 10 and 22. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2016 ...
Aging-associated changes in the heart contribute to a wide variety of cardiovascular diseases. The aging atrium becomes increasingly more susceptible to development of atrial fibrillation, and even its pharmacological response to therapeutic drugs alters over time. Changes in structure, function, and pharmacology of the heart can potentially be tied to specific changes in gene expression with aging. Here, seeking molecular correlates of myocardial aging processes, we performed global "whole transcript" analysis of 25,388 genes using 572,667 probes to compare the left atrium (LA) transcriptomes of young adult (9 months old) versus elderly (10 years old) female Sinclair swine. The two genes exhibiting the largest increase in LA expression with aging were NHE2 (9.2-fold; n = 3-4; P = 0.00001) and KCNIP2 (3.8-fold; n = 3-4; P = 0.0002). Real-time qPCR recapitulated the NHE2 results and revealed strongest upregulation with aging in LA, and age-independent expression in the ventricles. NHE2 encodes ...
Rabbit polyclonal Sodium / Hydrogen Exchanger 1 antibody validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF and tested in Human, Mouse and Rat. Referenced in 4 publications…
Goat polyclonal Sodium / Hydrogen Exchanger 1 antibody validated for WB and tested in Human. Immunogen corresponding to synthetic peptide
Protein names and data: SL9B2_HUMAN, Full=Mitochondrial sodium/hydrogen exchanger 9B2, Full=Mitochondrial Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHA2;Full=Na(+)/H(+) exchanger-like domain-containing protein 2;Short=NHE domain-containing protein 2;Full=Sodium/hydrogen exchanger-like domain-containing protein 2;Full=Solute carrier family 9 subfamily B member 2; Length: 537 a.a., Mass: 57564 Da ...
NHERF1 antibody [EBP-10] (solute carrier family 9 (sodium/hydrogen exchanger), member 3 regulator 1) for IHC-P, IP, WB. Anti-NHERF1 mAb (GTX29526) is tested in Human samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
MURF2 antibody (solute carrier family 9 (sodium/hydrogen exchanger), member 7) for IHC-Fr, WB. Anti-MURF2 pAb (GTX24387) is tested in Human, Zebrafish samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
Severe and sometimes fatal hepatitis associated with isoniazid therapy has been reported and may occur or may develop even after many months of treatment. The risk of developing hepatitis is age related. Approximate case rates by age are: less than 1 per 1,000 for persons under 20 years of age, 3 per 1,000 for persons in the 20-34 year age group, 12 per 1,000 for persons in the 35-49 year age group, 23 per 1,000 for persons in the 50-64 year age group, and 8 per 1,000 for persons over 65 years of age. The risk of hepatitis is increased with daily consumption of alcohol. Precise data to provide a fatality rate for isoniazid-related hepatitis is not available; however, in a U.S. Public Health Service Surveillance Study of 13,838 persons taking isoniazid, there were 8 deaths among 174 cases of hepatitis.. Therefore, patients given isoniazid should be carefully monitored and interviewed at monthly intervals. For persons 35 and older, in addition to monthly symptom reviews, hepatic enzymes ...
Severe and sometimes fatal hepatitis associated with isoniazid therapy has been reported and may occur or may develop even after many months of treatment. The risk of developing hepatitis is age related. Approximate case rates by age are: less than 1 per 1,000 for persons under 20 years of age, 3 per 1,000 for persons in the 20-34 year age group, 12 per 1,000 for persons in the 35-49 year age group, 23 per 1,000 for persons in the 50-64 year age group, and 8 per 1,000 for persons over 65 years of age. The risk of hepatitis is increased with daily consumption of alcohol. Precise data to provide a fatality rate for isoniazid-related hepatitis is not available; however, in a U.S. Public Health Service Surveillance Study of 13,838 persons taking isoniazid, there were 8 deaths among 174 cases of hepatitis.. Therefore, patients given isoniazid should be carefully monitored and interviewed at monthly intervals. For persons 35 and older, in addition to monthly symptom reviews, hepatic enzymes ...
A Las Vegas clinic had been reusing syringes and vials of medication for nearly four years. The shoddy practices may have led to an outbreak of the potentially fatal hepatitis C virus and exposed patients to HIV.
The much maligned Wood Pigeons were all at it in the evening light yesterday...just after this the Male jumped onto her for a special moment..I was too slow to capture it though....the Male is on the left. Keith
MetabolismTransport and binding proteinsCations and iron carrying compoundssodium/hydrogen exchanger 3 (TIGR00840; HMM-score: 56.7) ...
Background A T cell costimulatory molecule with dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) activity in its extracellular area, Compact disc26 is a multifunctional molecule connected with various protein such as for example adenosine deaminase, caveolin-1, CXCR4, collagen, and fibronectin, while using a significant function in the regulation of inflammatory tumor and replies biology. molecule in the formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue is critical. SOLUTIONS TO develop book anti-CD26 mAbs with the capacity of binding towards the denatured Compact disc26, we immunized mice with Compact disc26 proteins denatured in urea buffer. Following the fusion of myeloma and splenocytes cells, the mAbs had been screened for particular reactivity with individual Compact disc26 by stream cytometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and immunohistochemistry. The binding competitiveness of novel anti-CD26 mAbs using the humanized anti-CD26 mAb YS110 was also analyzed. Results Weve been successful in developing book ...
Christianson syndrome is caused by mutations in the SLC9A6 gene, which provides instructions for making a protein called sodium/hydrogen exchanger 6 (Na+/H+ exchanger 6 or NHE6). The NHE6 protein is found in the membrane surrounding endosomes, which are compartments within cells that recycle proteins and other materials. The NHE6 protein acts as a channel to exchange positively charged atoms (ions) of sodium (Na+) with hydrogen ions (H+). By controlling the amount of hydrogen ions, the NHE6 protein helps regulate the relative acidity (pH) inside endosomes, which is important for the recycling function of these compartments. The NHE6 protein may have additional functions, such as helping to move proteins to the correct location in the cell (protein trafficking).. Mutations in the SLC9A6 gene typically lead to an abnormally short NHE6 protein that is nonfunctional or that is broken down quickly in cells, resulting in the absence of functional NHE6 channels. As a result, the pH in endosomes is not ...
Theres some interesting background on immunizations and human fetal tissue from the National Network for Immunization Information here which explains the vaccine/fetus link. Basically, some vaccines against viruses require human tissue to produce; a virus has to have a living host in which to grow, and using animal cells is not always practical or safe. While scientific advances have changed this in some cases - for example, the current Hepatitis B vaccine is made without human cells - currently approved vaccines for Hepatitis A, rubella, and rabies are derived from human tissue.. The Catholic Church has weighed in on this, saying that Catholics have a right to refuse these vaccines, but are not required to.. Most people dont get hepatitis vaccines of any variety, because theyre not at a high risk for the diseases; however, certain people should get vaccinated. Health care workers, who face a serious risk of exposure to debilitating and potentially fatal hepatitis B, are vaccinated against ...
Sodium hydrogen difluoride 1333-83-1 MSDS report, Sodium hydrogen difluoride MSDS safety technical specifications search, Sodium hydrogen difluoride safety information specifications ect.
Sodium hydrogen sulfate | NaHSO4 or HNaO4S | CID 516919 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
Astrovirus infections cause gastroenteritis in mammals and have been identified as causative agents of diverse pathologies in birds such as hepatitis in ducks and poult enteritis mortality syndrome...
Hence these flowers are not native to our bird species & not evolved with them; so they may use them differently then evolution intended.. 2. David Wells to Amar-Singh and Rosli Omar. "The very fact that this correspondence between dedicated observers is going on suggests to me one thing: that flower-petal eating by birds is out-of-the-ordinary/unusual behaviour - and that might this might narrow down the range of possible explanations. Might these involve secondary compounds with a flower protective function, bad tasting but also with some medicinal properties? Note that, in the UK, Wood Pigeons and Bullfinches are notorious strippers of cherry and plum etc. flower buds in late winter - but perhaps before such compounds have fully developed. All interesting speculation.. 3. Rosli Omar to Amar-Singh. "What I dont understand is, why would plants provide flowers that are beneficial when eaten by animals? That would defeat the role played by the flowers ie., to attract animals to go for the nectar ...
Research Summary: The report presents detailed overview of the Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate market in the world and regions (CIS countries in particular) by contemplating and analyzing its various parameters. Firstly, brief introduction is provided. Thus, sodium hydrogen carbonate properties, application areas and manufacturing technologies are considered. Further goes the analysis of global sodium hydrogen carbonate market with […].... ...
China Sodium Hydrogen Sulfite Pressure Drying Machine, Find details about China Pressure Spray Dryer, Madecine Spray Dryer from Sodium Hydrogen Sulfite Pressure Drying Machine - Jiangsu Yutong Drying Engineering Co., Ltd.
Sodium Hydrogen Periodate Na3H2IO6 bulk & research qty manufacturer. Properties, SDS, Applications, Price. Free samples program. Term contracts & credit cards/PayPal accepted.
Until today, classic human astroviruses have not been associated with central nervous system infections in immunocompetent patients. A 16-month-old Caucasian girl presented with repetitive generalized seizures with a 4-day history of watery diarrhea, which had already gradually improved. Initially, the prolonged seizures ceased after systemic midazolam treatment and were thought to be fever associated. However, her mental status remained altered, and after seizure recurrence, she was transferred to our pediatric intensive care unit. Seizure control was achieved by a combination of high-dose levetiracetam and phenobarbital, but she remained unconscious. An electroencephalogram at this time revealed generalized high voltage theta activity. All laboratory analyses, including extended blood and cerebrospinal fluid analyses, and a brain magnetic resonance imaging were normal. On day 4, the child gradually became conscious, but was very agitated and not able to walk. Since an electroencephalogram at this time
Rohloff, P., Miranda, K., Rodrigues, J.C.F., Fang, J., Plattner, H., Hentschel, J., Galizzi, M. and Moreno, S.N.J. (2011) Calcium uptake and proton transport by acidocalcisomes of Toxoplasma gondii. Plos One. 2011 6(4):e18390.. Moreno, S.N.J., Ayong L. and Pace, D.A. Calcium storage and function in apicomplexan parasites. (2011). Invited chapter. Essays in Biochem. 51:97-110.. Nair, S., Brooks, C.F., Goodman, C.D., Strurm, A., McFadden, G.I., Sundriyal, S., Anglin, J.L., Song,Y., Moreno, S.N.J. and Striepen B. (2011) Apicoplast isoprenoid precursor synthesis and the molecular basis of fosmidomycin resistance. J. Exp. Med. 208:1547-1559. Francia, M.E. Wicher, S., Pace, D.A., Moreno, S.N.J., Arrizabalaga, G. (2011) A Toxoplasma protein with homology to intracellular type Sodium Hydrogen Exchangers is required for osmotolerance and protein processing. Exp. Cell Res. 317:1382. Pace, D.A., Fang, J., Cintron, R., Docampo, M.D., Moreno, S.N.J. (2011) Overexpression of a cytosolic pyrophosphatase ...
Panaji: Twelve species of birds in Western Ghat`s region of Goa have been categorised as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).. According to Parag Rangnekar, a senior member of Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBCN) Of these 12, two are critically endangered, six are vulnerable and four are nearly threatened.. Bird species including white-backed Vulture, long-billed Vulture, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon and Great Pied Hornbill are among those who may be facing extinction from forests around Goa.. The reasons, he said, are diverse. In case of vultures it has been the veterinary drug, diclofenac, which has been responsible but the major cause in most cases is loss of habitat, he said.. Environmentalists say that protecting these bird species has become a priority since loss of their habitat is a major cause of this situation. Specifically for vultures, banning diclofenac completely is the need. Long-term approach is also of creating awareness ...
It was very cold in the morning and it even snowed until noon. In the afternoon it was very sunny and the snow melted. Today is one of the best days of ringing since we started since March 15. We also saw 3 black vultures soaring over our station. Sedat and Onder drove to Tuzluca for shopping and saw a dog carcass hit by a car on the way. They carried it on the other side of Aras river just opposite of our station to attract vultures. The carcass is visible from the station and even magpies started to come today. We also had a very new species of Aras station and ringed a wood pigeon.The other interesting bird of the day was a male sparrowhawk that we ringed. We ringed 30 birds out of 10 species ...
The prevalence of the recently identified astrovirus MLB1 in a cohort of children with diarrhea in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, was defined by reverse transcription-PCR. Of 254 stool specimens collected in 2008, 4 were positive for astrovirus MLB1. These results show that astrovirus MLB1 is circulating in North America.
KUNJAN SILICATE PVT. LTD. - Manufacturer, Distributor, Supplier, Trading Company of Sodium hydrogen sulphate based in Ahmedabad, India
I need to work out what an unkonwn solution is , with different tests one of them was with potassium manganate(vii) , it turned brown, so I thought it was an alkene but it also reacted with sodium hydrogen carbonate but I dont know if alkenes do or ...
Mitochondrial Ca2+ is vital to mitochondrial function because it regulates the activities of Ca2+‐sensitive enzymes in the Krebs cycle.31 The regulation of mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis is complicated, including a pro‐uptake mitochondrial calcium uniporter, a prorelease sodium‐calcium exchanger, a sodium‐hydrogen exchanger, and a mitochondrial permeability transition pore.1, 32 In this study, we provide evidence to show that elevated mitochondrial TRPC3 expression is associated with enhanced mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake in hypertension and that telmisartan can decrease mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake by inhibiting TRPC3 in the vasculature from SHRs. Recently, Feng et al reported that ≈44% of total TRPC3 is localized to the inner membrane of mitochondria.14 We confirmed that mitochondrial TRPC3 expression was increased by 56% in the VSMCs from SHRs compared with WKY rats, whereas treatment with ATP enhanced the [Ca2+]mito in the permeabilized VSMCs from SHRs compared with WKY rats. Inhibition ...
Since they were identified in 1975, human astroviruses have been considered one of the most important agents of viral acute gastroenteritis in children. However, highly divergent astroviruses infecting humans have been recently discovered and associated with extra-intestinal infections. The report of cases of fatal meningitis and encephalitis, especially in immunocompromised individuals, has broadened their disease spectrum. Although zoonotic transmission among animal and human astroviruses has not been clearly recognized, the genetic similarity between some human and animal viruses makes it likely to occur. This review provides an update on the epidemiology of both classic and novel human astroviruses, and a comprehensive view on confirmed or potential association between astrovirus and human disease.
Infectious diarrhea leads to significant mortality in children, with 40 % of these deaths occurring in Africa. Classic human astroviruses are a well-established etiology of diarrhea. In recent years, seven novel astroviruses have been discovered (MLB1, MLB2, MLB3, VA1/HMO-C, VA2/HMO-B, VA3/HMO-A, VA4); however, there have been few studies on their prevalence or potential association with diarrhea. To investigate the prevalence and diversity of these classic and recently described astroviruses in a pediatric population, a case-control study was performed. Nine hundred and forty nine stools were previously collected from cases of moderate-to-severe diarrhea and matched controls of patients less than 5 years of age in Kenya and The Gambia. RT-PCR screening was performed using pan-astrovirus primers. Astroviruses were present in 9.9 % of all stool samples. MLB3 was the most common astrovirus with a prevalence of 2.6 %. Two subtypes of MLB3 were detected that varied based on location in Africa. In this case
Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in temperate regions) and in the rainy season (in tropical climates). Incubation period: 3-4 days Associated diseases: gastroenteritis, celiac disease, intussusception (Fields 622). Symptoms: diarrhea in 72% - 100% in all cases, duration from 2-3 days Abdominal pain: 50% Vomiting: 20% - 70% Fever…
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Incidence and Prevalent Types of Norwalk virus, Sapporo virus and Human astrovirus in Pediatric Gastroenteritis in Hiroshima ...
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Typical sequence of serologic markers in patients with HBV infection that progresses to chronicity. In patients with chronic HBV infection, both HBsAg and IgG anti-HBc remain persistently detectable, generally for life. HBeAg is variably present in these patients (Horvat, R. T., and Tegtmeier, G. E. 2007).. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes a wide spectrum of manifestations ranging from asymptomatic seroconversion, sub-acute illness with non-specific symptoms (e.g. anorexia, nausea, or malaise) or extrahepatic symptoms, and clinical hepatitis with jaundice, to fuliminant fatal hepatitis. Only 10% of children and 50% of adults will exhibit symptoms. An acute illness may last up to three months with a fatality of 1-2%. In most acute cases HBsAg serum levels are positive initially, resolve and the individual develops anti-HBs which confers immunity.. HBV occurs worldwide, and is endemic in some Asian countries. In Canada the incidence of acute hepatitis B is estimated to be 2.3 per 100,000. In ...
Abstract A congenic rat strain (WF.LEW) was derived from the susceptible Wistar-Furth (WF) (background strain) and the resistant LEW (donor strain) inbred strains and was used to evaluate the phenotypic expression of a dominant Mendelian gene that confers resistance to fatal hepatic disease caused by the ZH501 strain of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV). Resistance to hepatic disease developed gradually with age, with full expression at approximately 10 weeks in the WF.LEW and LEW rat strains. The ZH501 strain caused fatal hepatitis in WF rats regardless of age. However, resistance to the SA75 RVFV strain (relatively non-pathogenic for adult rats), was age- and dose-dependent in both WF and LEW rats. The resistance gene transferred to the newly derived WF.LEW congenic rat strain appears to amplify age-dependent resistance of adult rats, resulting in protection against fatal hepatic disease caused by the virulent ZH501 strain. The congenic rat strain will be a valuable asset in elucidating the mechanism of
To the Editor: Human astroviruses (HAstVs), first identified in 1975, are now considered an important cause of viral gastroenteritis, predominately infecting children ,2 years of age (1,2). HAstVs are classified into 8 serotypes. A unique astrovirus, MLB1 (AstV-MLB1), recently was discovered in a fecal sample from a child with diarrhea in Australia (3); subsequently, at least 6 novel astroviruses have been discovered from fecal samples, including AstV-MLB2, AstV-MLB3, HMO AstV-A/VA2, HMO AstV-C/VA1, HMO AstV-B/VA3, and AstV-VA4 (4-7). The prevalence of novel astroviruses in China remains unclear.. Fecal specimens were collected during July 2010-June 2011 from 723 children ,5 years of age who had acute gastroenteritis. Samples were from all of 295 eligible children brought for care to First Hospital of Lanzhou University (Lanzhou, China) and every fifth eligible child (n = 428) brought for care on 2 days of the week (Tuesday and Thursday) at Nanjing Childrens Hospital (Nanjing, China). The ...
The small, single-stranded positive-sense RNA astroviruses are mostly known to be enteric viruses. In recent years, though, different astroviruses were reported in association with neurological disease in various species. In cattle, two distinct neurotropic astrovirus genotype species were described in numerous cases of nonsuppurative encephalomyelitis, with one of these viruses also reported in similar circumstances in several sheep. Here, we retrieved archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded brain tissues of a muskox diagnosed with a comparable disease pattern in 1982 and investigated them for the presence of neurotropic astroviruses with various techniques. Initially, tissue samples scored positive for both neurotropic astroviruses by immunohistochemistry; however, unexpected results with further immunohistochemical testing, in situ hybridization and qRT-PCR prompted us to submit an RNA extract from the animals brain material to next-generation sequencing. We were thus able to obtain the full
The etiology of a large proportion of gastrointestinal illness is unknown. In this study, random Sanger sequencing and pyrosequencing approaches were used to analyze fecal specimens from a gastroenteritis outbreak of unknown etiology in a child care center. Multiple sequences with limited identity to known astroviruses were identified. Assembly of the sequences and subsequent reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends generated a complete genome of 6,586 nucleotides. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that this virus, named astrovirus VA1 (AstV-VA1), is highly divergent from all previously described astroviruses. Based on RT-PCR, specimens from multiple patients in this outbreak were unequivocally positive for Ast-VA1. ...
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Mycobacterium avium-intracellularae complex (MAC): Nonphotochromogens These Non Tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) are classified as Nonphotochromogens in Runyon classification. M avium complex were first recognized as human pathogens in 1990s. They are the important pathogen in immunocompromised and immunocompetent populations.. They are ubiquitous in the environmental sources including natural waters; soil etc. Taxonomically, the M. avium-intracellularae complex comprises M. avium, M. intracellularae, M. paratuberculosis, M. lepraemurium and the "wood pigeon" bacillus.. These organisms causes opportunistic infections in the immunocompromised patients such as individuals infected with HIV. The lungs are primarily affected, but infection can spread to other organs as well. Disseminated disease is seen in case of AIDS patient.. Mycobacterium fortuitum complex (Rapid growers). It is a group of free living; rapid growing NTM. The colonies of these organisms appear on solid media in 7 days or less. ...
These RNA viruses are said to cause about 5% of infant gastroenteritis (range, 2%-9%). Symptoms are various combinations of vomiting and diarrhea, lasting 0.5-4.0 days. They originally were identified by EM of stool specimens. Culture is also possible using special procedures. EIA test methods using homemade reagents have been described.. ...
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Typical sequence of serologic markers in patients with HBV infection that progresses to chronicity. In patients with chronic HBV infection, both HBsAg and IgG anti-HBc remain persistently detectable, generally for life. HBeAg is variably present in these patients (Horvat, R. T., and Tegtmeier, G. E. 2007).. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes a wide spectrum of manifestations ranging from asymptomatic seroconversion, sub-acute illness with non-specific symptoms (e.g. anorexia, nausea, or malaise) or extrahepatic symptoms, and clinical hepatitis with jaundice, to fuliminant fatal hepatitis. Only 10% of children and 50% of adults will exhibit symptoms. An acute illness may last up to three months with a fatality of 1-2%. In most acute cases HBsAg serum levels are positive initially, resolve and the individual develops anti-HBs which confers immunity.. HBV occurs worldwide, and is endemic in some Asian countries. In Canada the incidence of acute hepatitis B is estimated to be 2.3 per 100,000. In ...
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Genus Avastrovirus. *Genus Mamastrovirus. *Genus ‚Bastrovirus'[46]. *Familie Barnaviridae. *Genus Barnavirus. *Familie ...
Avastrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 Genus: Mamastrovirus Mamastrovirus 1 Mamastrovirus 10 Mamastrovirus ...
Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Astroviridae Genus: Avastrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 Genus: ... classified as genus Avastrovirus). Astroviruses are 28-35 nm diameter, icosahedral viruses that have a characteristic five- or ...
Aquamavirus Aquaparamyxovirus Aquareovirus Arterivirus Ascovirus Asfivirus Atadenovirus Aureusvirus Aurivirus Avastrovirus ...
Australian grapevine viroid Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 ...
Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Astroviridae Genus: Avastrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 Viruses ... Avastrovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Astroviridae. Birds serve as natural hosts. There are currently three species ... in Avastrovirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Spherical geometries, and T=3 symmetry. The diameter is around 35 nm. ... in this genus including the type species Avastrovirus 1. Diseases associated with this genus include: gastroenteritis, liver or ...
Talk:Avastrovirus. *Talk:Avenavirus. *Talk:Aveparvovirus. *Talk:Avian adenovirus. *Talk:Avian bornavirus ...
Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Astroviridae Genus: Avastrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 Viruses ... Avastrovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Astroviridae. Birds serve as natural hosts. There are currently three species ... in Avastrovirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Spherical geometries, and T=3 symmetry. The diameter is around 35 nm. ... in this genus including the type species Avastrovirus 1. Diseases associated with this genus include: gastroenteritis, liver or ...
Genus Avastrovirus. *Genus Mamastrovirus. *Genus ‚Bastrovirus[46]. *Familie Barnaviridae. *Genus Barnavirus. *Familie ...
Avastrovirus. Genus. Mamastrovirus. Family. Barnaviridae. Genus. Barnavirus. Family. Bromoviridae. Genus. Alfamovirus. Genus. ...
Virus; ssRNA positive-strand viruses, no DNA stage; Astroviridae; Avastrovirus Species. NCBI: Taxonomy ...
Mamastrovirus and Avastrovirus. The HAstV belong to genus Mamastrovirus and are responsible for causing viral diarrhea in young ...
The family comprises 2 genera: Mamastrovirus species infect mammals, including humans, and Avastrovirus species infect poultry ...
Primer design for complete sequencing of the Avastrovirus ORF2 gene Luis Ramiro Luna Espinoza, Laila Andreia Rodrigues Beserra ...
the Astroviridae Study Group, seven avastrovirus geno-. types have been reported so far (AAstV-1-7) [10, 11]. ...
... the genus Mamastrovirus of mammal-infecting viruses and the genus Avastrovirus of avian viruses (3,4). The genetically ...
... and Avastrovirus (avian astroviruses). The pathogen is a non-enveloped virion with a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA of ...
trovirus and Avastrovirus, which infect mammals and. birds, respectively [6]. Currently, five distinct genotypes of ...
The family Astroviridae consists of two genera, namely, Mamastrovirus and Avastrovirus, that infect mammalian and avian species ...
Avastrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 Genus: Mamastrovirus Mamastrovirus 1 Mamastrovirus 10 Mamastrovirus ...
... is different from previously known astroviruses in the genus Avastrovirus. So far, few studies have focused on the novel virus ...
Genus Avastrovirus (organism) {423639004 , SNOMED-CT } Parent/Child (Relationship Type) Chicken astrovirus (organism) { ...
... suggesting that DAstV/CPH may represent an additional avastrovirus species. The mean amino acid genetic distance between DAstV/ ... region revealed that mean amino acid genetic distances shared by DAstV/CPH with members of the three established avastrovirus ...
Animals , Astroviridae Infections , Avastrovirus/genetics , Avastrovirus/isolation & purification , Coronavirus Infections , ... Animals , Avastrovirus/isolation & purification , Chickens/virology , Malabsorption Syndromes/diagnosis , Malabsorption ... Animals , Astroviridae Infections/diagnosis , Avastrovirus/classification , Chickens/growth & development , Enteritis/diagnosis ...
Avastrovirus antigen Current Synonym true false 3783064010 Antigen of Avastrovirus Current Synonym true false ...
Talk:Avastrovirus. *Talk:Avenavirus. *Talk:Aveparvovirus. *Talk:Avian adenovirus. *Talk:Avian bornavirus ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A fertozo bronchitis vírus, a csirke nephritis vírus és a fertozo bursitis vírus kimutatása multiplex RT-PCR alapú diagnosztikai eljárással. AU - Alina, Palade Elena. AU - Zoltán, Demeter. AU - Dobos-Kovács, M.. AU - Rusvai, M.. AU - Míra, Mándoki. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. N2 - Nephroso-nephritis and uricosis are known to cause massive production loss in the chicken industry. Beside the various causes of non infective nature, leading to regressive renal changes, there are viral infections frequently related with regressive and inflammatory kidney lesions in birds. The best known causative agents are infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and avian nephritis virus (ANV), but renal changes were also reported in case of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infections. The authors present a diagnostic method based on multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) following reverse transcription, to identify and hence discriminate the infections caused by the three pathogens in one ...
A família Astroviridae é dividida em dois gêneros:Avastrovirus e Mamastrovirus. No gênero Mamastrovirus, encontram-se os ... The Astroviridae family is divided into two genera:Avastrovirus and Mamastrovirus. Mamastrovirus are the astrovirusesassociated ...
The continuous growth of knowledege makes it very difficult for scientists to retrieve comprehensive and accurate data on viruses. The desired information is often dispersed in a variety of books, jou
... and evaluation of a recombinant goose origin Newcastle disease virus expressing Cap protein of goose origin avastrovirus as a ...
Mamastrovirus and Avastrovirus, within the Astroviridae family. Human astrovirus infections occur worldwide and are primarily ...