Autonomic Pathways: Nerves and plexuses of the autonomic nervous system. The central nervous system structures which regulate the autonomic nervous system are not included.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.BooksSculptureScience: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Dissection: The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Autonomic Nervous System: The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.Autonomic Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of the parasympathetic or sympathetic divisions of the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; which has components located in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Autonomic dysfunction may be associated with HYPOTHALAMIC DISEASES; BRAIN STEM disorders; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES. Manifestations include impairments of vegetative functions including the maintenance of BLOOD PRESSURE; HEART RATE; pupil function; SWEATING; REPRODUCTIVE AND URINARY PHYSIOLOGY; and DIGESTION.Arrhythmia, Sinus: Irregular HEART RATE caused by abnormal function of the SINOATRIAL NODE. It is characterized by a greater than 10% change between the maximum and the minimum sinus cycle length or 120 milliseconds.Central Nervous System: The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Book Classification: A general term covering bibliographical and bibliothecal classifications. It mostly refers to library CLASSIFICATION for arrangement of books and documents on the shelves. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p85)Catecholamines: A general class of ortho-dihydroxyphenylalkylamines derived from tyrosine.Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-tyrosine, tetrahydrobiopterin, and oxygen to 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine, dihydrobiopterin, and water. EC 1.14.16.2.Norepinephrine: Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.Epinephrine: The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.Dopamine beta-HydroxylasePhenylethanolamine N-Methyltransferase: A methyltransferase that catalyzes the reaction of S-adenosyl-L-methionine and phenylethanolamine to yield S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine and N-methylphenylethanolamine. It can act on various phenylethanolamines and converts norepinephrine into epinephrine. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.1.1.28.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.ReadingTh2 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.Th1 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Unconscious (Psychology): Those forces and content of the mind which are not ordinarily available to conscious awareness or to immediate recall.Elevators and Escalators: Mechanical ascending and descending devices which convey objects and/or people.Parasympathetic Nervous System: The craniosacral division of the autonomic nervous system. The cell bodies of the parasympathetic preganglionic fibers are in brain stem nuclei and in the sacral spinal cord. They synapse in cranial autonomic ganglia or in terminal ganglia near target organs. The parasympathetic nervous system generally acts to conserve resources and restore homeostasis, often with effects reciprocal to the sympathetic nervous system.Submandibular Gland: One of two salivary glands in the neck, located in the space bound by the two bellies of the digastric muscle and the angle of the mandible. It discharges through the submandibular duct. The secretory units are predominantly serous although a few mucous alveoli, some with serous demilunes, occur. (Stedman, 25th ed)Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Salivation: The discharge of saliva from the SALIVARY GLANDS that keeps the mouth tissues moist and aids in digestion.Atrioventricular Node: A small nodular mass of specialized muscle fibers located in the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus. It gives rise to the atrioventricular bundle of the conduction system of the heart.Heart Conduction System: An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.Sympathetic Nervous System: The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Home Care Services: Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Homes for the Aged: Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.Arginine: An essential amino acid that is physiologically active in the L-form.Growth Hormone: A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.Nitric Oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.Human Growth Hormone: A 191-amino acid polypeptide hormone secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR), also known as GH or somatotropin. Synthetic growth hormone, termed somatropin, has replaced the natural form in therapeutic usage such as treatment of dwarfism in children with growth hormone deficiency.Nitric Oxide Synthase: An NADPH-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-ARGININE and OXYGEN to produce CITRULLINE and NITRIC OXIDE.Muscle, Smooth, Vascular: The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.Amidohydrolases

Sympathetic inhibition of ascending and descending interneurones during the peristaltic reflex in the isolated guinea-pig distal colon. (1/140)

1. We investigated the effects of sympathetic nerve stimulation within ascending and descending reflex pathways underlying the peristaltic reflex in the guinea-pig distal colon. 2. A three-chambered partitioned bath was used to divide a segment of distal colon into stimulation, recording and intermediate regions. The effects of lumbar colonic nerves (LCN) could be localized to the intermediate region by surgical lesions of the mesentery and by application of guanethidine (3 microM) to the stimulation and recording chambers. 3. Brush stroking the mucosa in the anal and oral stimulation chambers elicited a synchronous contraction of the longitudinal muscle (LM) and circular muscle (CM) oral to, and transient relaxation of the LM and CM anal to, the stimulus, respectively. 4. After N omega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NA; 100 microM) in the oral and intermediate chambers, mucosal stimulation in the oral chamber elicited a prolonged descending inhibitory and excitatory complex in both the LM and CM in the anal recording chamber. This was blocked by hexamethonium (300 microM), which did not affect the transient relaxation response recorded in control conditions. 5. Stimulation of the LCN (1200 pulses, 20 Hz), delivered to the intermediate region, abolished the oral contraction and the L-NA-induced anal complex in both the LM and CM, but was without effect on the transient hexamethonium-resistant anal relaxation. These effects of LCN stimulation were reversed by phentolamine (3 microM) or yohimbine (100 nM), but not propranolol (10 microM), when added to the intermediate chamber. 6. LCN stimuli (2-20 Hz, 600 micros pulses) directed to the recording chamber elicited synchronous relaxations in the LM and CM that were unaffected by hexamethonium (300 microM), but were reduced by yohimbine and usually blocked by the further addition of propranolol (10 microM). 7. In conclusion, sympathetic nerve stimulation inhibits orally and anally projecting cholinergic interneurones underlying the peristaltic reflex in the distal colon. In addition, the LM and CM relax synchronously following release of sympathetic neurotransmitter, over a range of stimulus frequencies.  (+info)

Changes in peptidergic nerves in the atrioventricular valves of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: a confocal microscopy study. (2/140)

Several previous studies have described the distribution of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-like and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP)-like immunoreactive nerve fibres in the atrioventricular valves of humans and various animals. It has been suggested that peptide-containing nerve fibres might have motor or sensory roles in valvular function. Although there is evidence that diabetic changes occur in the sympathetic (preganglionic and postganglionic), parasympathetic (vagal) and peptidergic nerves of rats, the changes of peptide-containing nerve fibres in the atrioventricular valves of the diabetic rat have not been studied. The distribution, relative density and staining intensity of NPY-like and CGRP-like immunoreactive nerve fibres in the mitral and tricuspid valves were studied in whole mount preparations using confocal microscopy with a computer-assisted image analysis system. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic and control rats were sacrificed at 12 and 24 months. The nerve staining intensity within the tricuspid valve was greater than the mitral valve in both control (P < 0.01) and diabetic (P < 0.001) rats. Nerve density in the anterior leaflet was greater than the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve. However, the anterior leaflet of the mitral and tricuspid valves showed a decreased number of nerve fibres, followed by drastic reduction in the staining intensities for both the peptides studied (P < 0.001) in the long-term diabetic rat. The decrease in the number of nerve fibres that follow the mechanical interruption of nerves raises the possibility that cycles of degeneration may occur. It is suggested that these peptide-containing nerve fibres in the atrioventricular valves may be involved in valvular dysfunction in the diabetic state.  (+info)

Neuronal pathways for the propagation of herpes simplex virus type 1 from one retina to the other in a murine model. (3/140)

Herpetic retinitis in humans is characterized by a high frequency of bilateral localization. In order to determine the possible mechanisms leading to bilateral retinitis, we studied the pathways by which herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is propagated from one retina to the other after intravitreal injection in mice. HSV-1 strain SC16 (90 p.f.u.) was injected into the vitreous body of the left eye of BALB/c mice. Animals were sacrificed 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 days post-inoculation (p.i.). Histological sections were studied by immunochemical staining. Primary retinitis in the inoculated eye (beginning 1 day p.i.) was followed by contralateral retinitis (in the uninoculated eye) starting at 3 days p.i. Infected neurons of central visual pathway nuclei (lateral geniculate nuclei, suprachiasmatic nuclei and pretectal areas) were detected at 4 days p.i. Iris and ciliary body infection was minimal early on, but became extensive thereafter and was accompanied by the infection of connected sympathetic and parasympathetic pathways. The pattern of virus propagation over time suggests that the onset of contralateral retinitis was mediated by local (non-synaptic) transfer in the optic chiasm from infected to uninfected axons of the optic nerves. Later, retinopetal transneuronal propagation of the virus from visual pathways may have contributed to increase the severity of contralateral retinitis.  (+info)

Changes in catecholaminergic pathways innervating paraventricular nucleus and pituitary-adrenal axis response during morphine dependence: implication of alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-adrenoceptors. (4/140)

We have previously shown an enhanced activity of the pituitary-adrenal response in rats dependent on morphine, which occurs concomitantly with an increase in the activity of catecholaminergic terminals in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). The present study examined the possible role of noradrenergic system in the regulation of opioid withdrawal-induced activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity. Rats were given morphine by s.c. implantation of morphine pellets for 7 days. On the seventh day, morphine withdrawal was induced by s.c. administration of naloxone (1 mg/kg), rats were sacrificed 30 min later, and changes in noradrenaline (NA) turnover (estimated by the 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylen glycol/NA ratio) and in dopamine turnover (estimated by the 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid/dopamine ratio) in the PVN (HPLC with electrochemical detection) and in plasma corticosterone levels were determined. We found a parallelism between the behavioral signs of withdrawal, an increased activity of noradrenergic and dopaminergic terminals in the PVN, and the hypersecretion of the HPA axis. Pretreatment with alpha(1)- or alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonists prazosin or yohimbine, respectively, 15 min before naloxone administration significantly prevented the withdrawal-induced corticosterone hypersecretion and attenuated the behavioral signs of morphine withdrawal. In addition, biochemical analysis indicated that both prazosin and yohimbine completely abolished the withdrawal-induced increase in NA turnover in the PVN. In contrast, neither prazosin nor yohimbine modified the hyperactivity of dopaminergic terminals in the PVN during withdrawal. Collectively, these data suggest that the secretory activity in the HPA axis after morphine withdrawal results from an increase in noradrenergic activity that is dependent on alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-adrenoceptor activation. Activation of dopaminergic pathways might not contribute to the neuroendocrine response during withdrawal.  (+info)

The soma and neurites of primary afferent neurons in the guinea-pig intestine respond differentially to deformation. (5/140)

1. Intrinsic primary afferent neurons in the small intestine are exposed to distortion of their processes and of their cell bodies. Recordings of mechanosensitivity have previously been made from these neurons using intracellular microelectrodes, but this form of recording has not permitted detection of generator potentials from the processes, or of responses to cell body distortion. 2. We have developed a technique to record from enteric neurons in situ using patch electrodes. The mechanical stability of the patch recordings has allowed recording in cell-attached and whole cell configuration during imposed movement of the neurons. 3. Pressing with a fine probe initiated generator potentials (14 +/- 9 mV) from circumscribed regions of the neuron processes within the same myenteric ganglion, at distances from 100 to 500 microm from the cell body that was patched. Generator potentials persisted when synaptic transmission was blocked with high Mg2+, low Ca2+ solution. 4. Soma distortion, by pressing down with the whole cell recording electrode, inhibited action potential firing. Consistent with this, moderate intra-electrode pressure (10 mbar; 1 kPa) increased the opening probability of large-conductance (BK) potassium channels, recorded in cell-attached mode, but suction was not effective. In outside-out patches, suction, but not pressure, increased channel opening probability. Mechanosensitive BK channels have not been identified on other neurons. 5. The BK channels had conductances of 195 +/- 25 pS. Open probability was increased by depolarization, with a half-maximum activation at a patch potential of 20 mV and a slope factor of 10 mV. Channel activity was blocked by charybdotoxin (20 nM). 6. Stretch that increased membrane area under the electrode by 15 % was sufficient to double open probability. Similar changes in membrane area occur when the intestine changes diameter and wall tension under physiological conditions. Thus, the intestinal intrinsic primary afferent neurons are detectors of neurite distortion and of compression of the soma, these stimuli having opposite effects on neuron excitability.  (+info)

Acute sarin exposure causes differential regulation of choline acetyltransferase, acetylcholinesterase, and acetylcholine receptors in the central nervous system of the rat. (6/140)

Acute neurotoxic effects of sarin (O:-isopropylmethylphosphonoflouridate) in male Sprague-Dawley rats were studied. The animals were treated with intramuscular (im) injections of either 1 x LD(50) (100 microg/kg), and sacrificed at 0. 5, 1, 3, 6, 15, or 20 h after treatment, or with im injections of either 0.01, 0.1, 0.5, or 1 x LD(50) and sacrificed 15 h after treatment. Plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and brain regional acetylcholinesterase (AChE) were inhibited (45-55%) by 30 min after the LD(50) dose. BChE in the plasma and AChE in cortex, brainstem, midbrain, and cerebellum remained inhibited for up to 20 h following a single LD(50) treatment. No inhibition in plasma BChE activity was observed 20 h after treatment with doses lower than the LD(50) dose. Midbrain and brainstem seem to be most responsive to sarin treatment at lower doses, as these regions exhibited inhibition (approximately 49% and 10%, respectively) in AChE activity following 0.1 x LD(50) treatment, after 20 h. Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity was increased in cortex, brainstem, and midbrain 6 h after LD(50) treatment, and the elevated enzyme activity persisted up to 20 h after treatment. Cortex ChAT activity was significantly increased following a 0.1 x LD(50) dose, whereas brainstem and midbrain did not show any effect at lower doses. Treatment with an LD(50) dose caused a biphasic response in cortical nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (m2-mAChR) ligand binding, using [(3)H]cytisine and [(3)H]AFDX-384 as ligands for nAChR and mAChR, respectively. Decreases at 1 and 3 h and consistent increases at 6, 15, and 20 h in nAChR and m2-mAChR were observed following a single LD(50) dose. The increase in nAChR ligand binding densities was much more pronounced than in mAChR. These results suggest that a single exposure of sarin, ranging from 0.1 to 1 x LD(50), modulates the cholinergic pathways differently and thereby causes dysregulation in excitatory neurotransmission.  (+info)

Genes, lineages and the neural crest: a speculative review. (7/140)

Sensory and sympathetic neurons are generated from the trunk neural crest. The prevailing view has been that these two classes of neurons are derived from a common neural crest-derived progenitor that chooses between neuronal fates only after migrating to sites of peripheral ganglion formation. Here I reconsider this view in the light of new molecular and genetic data on the differentiation of sensory and autonomic neurons. These data raise several paradoxes when taken in the context of classical studies of the timing and spatial patterning of sensory and autonomic ganglion formation. These paradoxes can be most easily resolved by assuming that the restriction of neural crest cells to either sensory or autonomic lineages occurs at a very early stage, either before and/or shortly after they exit the neural tube.  (+info)

Dominant anti-vagal effect of pentobarbital on cardiac responses to intracardiac autonomic nerve stimulation in the dog. (8/140)

The isolated canine atrium was perfused by heparinized blood of the donor dog. An adequate dose of pentobarbital that induced a potent hypotension in the donor did not produce any significant change in the atrial rate and developed tension in the isolated atrium perfused with donor's blood. Pentobarbital in doses that modified neither cardiac responses to intracardiac adrenergic nerve stimulation nor exogenously given norepinephrine or acetylcholine significantly inhibited intracardiac vagal responses. From these results, it is concluded that a large dose of pentobarbital has a dominant antivagal effect in the heart.  (+info)

A method and device for controlling autonomic or sympathic nerve stimulation of the gastrointestinal tract. The method comprises selecting waveforms from a storage area that are representative of body organ function. The selected waveforms are then transmitted to a treatment member, which is in direct contact with the body or attached to internal targets, and which then broadcasts the waveforms to a specific body organ to modulate the body organ functioning. A control module is provided for transmission to the treatment member. The control module contains waveforms which are selected and transmitted to the treatment member, and computer storage can be provided for greater storage capacity and manipulation of the waveforms.
Voiding dysfunction is a common complication after radical pelvic surgery. To reduce this complication, nerve-sparing radical pelvic surgery was introduced. However, several patients experienced voiding difficulty despite nerve-sparing radical pelvic surgery. Thus, we investigated the functional and molecular changes of the bladder in rats, which demonstrated voiding dysfunction induced by nerve damage during nerve-sparing radical pelvic surgery. Male rats were used and assigned to normal, sham-operated, and bilateral crushing nerve bundles from major pelvic ganglion (MPG) to bladder group. After one, two, and four-week crushing injury, significantly decreased contractile response and increased connective tissue of the detrusor were observed and these results were reliable findings with voiding difficulty following nerve-sparing radical pelvic surgery. After crushing injury, significantly increased M2 muscarinic receptor expression was observed and this might be regarded as the compensatory response.
TY - BOOK. T1 - Multilevel determinants of foreign direct investment entry mode strategies and subsidiary survival of multinationals in China: an analysis of Nordic firms.. AU - Wang, Yi. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. M3 - Ph.D. thesis. BT - Multilevel determinants of foreign direct investment entry mode strategies and subsidiary survival of multinationals in China: an analysis of Nordic firms.. PB - Vaasan yliopisto. ER - ...
ALAMEDA, Calif.---- BioTime, Inc. and its subsidiary OrthoCyte Corporation today announced the appointment of Francois Binette, PhD, as OrthoCyte s Vice President of Research and Business Development. OrthoCyte is a wholly owned subsidiary of BioTime, Inc. that develops cellular therapeutics for orthopedic repair, diseases, and injuries.
Looking for bichir? Find out information about bichir. common name for African freshwater fishes as of the family Polypteridae, and particularly for those of the genus Polypterus. Bichirs are among the most... Explanation of bichir
LifeMap Sciences, a Subsidiary of BioTime, Signs Definitive Distribution Agreement with ProSpec-Tany TechnoGene ALAMEDA, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- LifeMap Sciences, Inc. a subsidiary of
In the Brain Electrophysiology Laboratory, physicians use a variety of noninvasive studies of the central nervous system, including SEP, to analyze the spinal cord, brain stem and brain. The lab test results reveal the continuity and quality of conduction through central nervous system pathways to determine which nerve pathways are open and functioning properly and which are impaired. Physicians use these tests to diagnose nervous system disorders, locate sites of nerve damage and evaluate a patients condition after treatment or surgery.. During SEP, electrophysiologists use three major types of stimulation -- visual, auditory and somatosensory -- to assess sensory pathways through the nervous system. Using visual stimulation, our physicians check the nerve pathways from the eye to the brain, while auditory stimulation is used to check the pathway from the ear to the brain and somatosensory stimulation is used to evaluate the pathway from the upper and lower extremity to the brain.. The term ...
This anatomical poster depicts the anatomy of clinically important blood vessels and nerve pathways. The anatomy of the blood vessels and nerve pathways…
...DURHAM N.C. Jan. 10 2011 /- Advanced Pain Remedies (AP...SP-SAP is a conjugate of the pain-processing peptide Substance P and t...Following discussions and input from the Food and Drug Administration ... I am pleased that the National Cancer Institute has recognized the im...,Advanced,Pain,Remedies,,a,Subsidiary,of,Cato,BioVentures,,Announces,a,Three,Million,Dollar,Award,from,the,National,Cancer,Institute,for,SP-SAP,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
Strategy is to Screen and Qualify Viable Applicants/Patients for Treatment in DR Through Regenerative BioScience, Inc.. Treatments Have Already Commenced. SARASOTA, Fla., May 5, 2014 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Caribbean International Holdings (Pink Sheets:CIHN) through its subsidiary, Regenerative BioScience, Inc., ("RBS") previously announced on May 2, 2014, that it had appointed Dr. Leonel Liriano as its Medical Director, today announced, in a further development, that via the Companys new website (http://www.regenerativebioscience.com/index.html) is now fully operational and it has begun processing initial requests for its no-cost cost complimentary consultations regarding the applicants suitability to qualify for Companys revolutionary stem cell procedures.. Adult stem cells work as the repairmen of the body by replenishing and regenerating damaged tissues and cells. Certain conditions have shown marked improvement when treated with adult stem cells taken from the patients own body. ...
PLANTATION, Florida, April 12, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- CD International Enterprises Launches Newly Formed Subsidiary and Online Store to Distribute...
Hewlett-Packard announced that it will convert its Mechanical Design Division into a subsidiary company, CoCreate, focusing on software for mechanical design and product-data management. CoCreate will market globally under its own brand and identity, and is scheduled to start operations in November.
UK food and soft drinks firm Nichols has announced the sale of its food subsidiary for £11.6m (US$21.6m) to Gary Unsworth, former group managing director of Nichols.
ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE CHEMISTRY A Atoms, Bonds and Groups F321 *F * Candidates answer on the question paper. OCR supplied materials: Data Sheet for Chemistry A (inserted) Other materials required:
Notice to Employment / Recruitment Agents:. Employment / Recruitment agents may only submit candidates for vacancies only if they have written authorization to do so from Shire, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Takedaâ s Talent Acquisition department. Any agency candidate submission may only be submitted to positions opened to the agency through the specific Agency Portal. Shire, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Takeda will only pay a fee for candidates submitted or presented where there is a fully executed contract in place between the Employment / Recruitment agents and Shire, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Takeda and only if the candidate is submitted via the Agency Portal. Candidates submitted or presented by Employment / Recruitment Agents without a fully executed contract or submitted through this site shall not be deemed to form part of any Engagement for which the Agency may claim remuneration. Equal Employment Opportunity Shire, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Takeda, is an Equal Opportunity ...
FORT WORTH, TX--(Marketwired - Nov 2, 2017) - AppYea Inc. (OTC PINK: APYP) announced today that its subsidiary The Diagnostic Centers has signed its first new client, Pacific Pain & Regenerative Medicine, with locations in Los Angeles and Irvine, California and has started shipping PGx samples for testing. Under this new...
View complete news release for Amarantus+Subsidiary+MANF+Therapeutics+Announces+Publication+in+Science+Magazine+of+Positive+Animal+Data+for+MANF+in+Treatment+of+Retinal+Damage+and+Issuance+of+Retinal+Patent+in+Japan+Covering+MANF+and+CDNF - OTCMarkets.com
Waterfront Shipping (Vancouver, BC), the marine transportation subsidiary of Methanex, said on Monday that it has reached an agreement with Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL; Tokyo), Westfal-Larsen & Co. (WL;...
alphadogg is one of several readers to note the opening of the Mozilla Foundations new subsidiary, Mozilla Messaging, charged with developing the free, open source Thunderbird email software. Mozilla Messaging will initially focus on Thunderbird 3, which aims at improving several aspects of the sof...
Singaporean-Australian water and wastewater treatment company De.mem Ltd has won its sixth contract through its recently acquired subsidiary Akwa-Worx.
Generex Biotechnology Corporation (OTCQB:GNBT) is pleased to announce that Olaregen Therapeutix Inc., a subsidiary of Generex Biotechnology will launch three doses of FDA 510K-Cleared Excellagen, the companys wound conforming gel matrix that is designated as a Cellular & Tissue Bas...
In a 17-year-old patent case a North Carolina federal judge has awarded two Dow Chemical Co. affiliates $5.3 million in attorney fees and costs for inequitable conduct by a Bayer A.G. subsidiary.
Vancouver, BC, December 16, 2016 - Novelion Therapeutics (NASDAQ: NVLN) (TSX: NVLN), today announced that subsidiary Aegerion Pharmaceuticals completed the first commercial shipment of JUXTAPID® (lomitapide) to a patient in Japan. In September 2016, JUXTAPID was approved by Japans Ministry of Health, Labor & Welfare (MHLW) for patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH).
TechAccel LLC, the private technology and equity development company in agriculture and animal health, today announced its subsidiary RNAissance Ag LL
Barr Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Subsidiary Sues Watson Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Sandoz Pharmaceuticals for SEASONALE(R) Patent Infringement - read this article along with other careers information, tips and advice on BioSpace
Rayner announced its investment into the US market with the establishment of a dedicated subsidiary, Rayner Surgical Inc. Based out of New York, Rayner Surgical will provide US specific marketing, reg…
TAMPA, FL / ACCESSWIRE / July 24, 2019 / Advanzeon Solutions, Inc. (OTC PINK: CHCR) (Advanzeon) announced today the extension of its wholly-owned Subsidiarys (collectively, the
Royal Holdings Inc. (Royal), a holding company of Arsenal Capital Partners (Arsenal), announced that it has through its Royal Packaging Specialties subsidiary, acquired the stock of Adhesives Packaging Specialties Inc. (APS) Based
Theyre working! So why not?" I asked. I would be a given serious look and a statement like "No, no, not a good idea long term". I was told that they effect bone density, among other things, and of course, you dont want to have the bones of an eighty year old when you are forty, not if you can avoid it! In addition, steroids are an immuno-suppressant, which is why they are working for me. One of the things my immune system does is erroneously attack my autonomic nerves. Its why I am sick. So suppressing my immunity reduces that misguided malfunction, making me feel better. Its just another convoluted body conundrum, my immune system is making me sick… but I still need it.. See, suppressing the immune system isnt selective. The medication cant specifically target the part of my immune system that isnt working properly, it suppresses all of it. And that means that all the work my immune system usually does, battling infections and reducing the impact of other threats to the body, is ...
Results A total of 44 acute episodes were recorded. Out of the 36 patients who received vagal manoeuvres 6 responded. 33 patients in total received IV adenosine. 27% (9/33) received 100mcg/kg as first dose, 33% responded reverting back to sinus, 67% of patients did not respond. 63% (21/33) received 150mcg/kg as first dose, 29% of patients responded, 71% of patients did not respond. 2/33 of the time 1st dose was ,150mcg/kg both responded. 19 patients needed 2nd dose. 10/17 patients who received 2nd dose of 150mcg/kg or more responded, 7 patients did not responded and required further doses of ,200mcg/kg. 4/33 episodes needed 4th dose 3 were effective. 1/33 episodes needed 5th dose of up to 500mcg/kg. ...
THE HAGUE, Netherlands - A Dutch court has ruled that a subsidiary of international oil giant Royal Dutch Shell should be held responsible for a pipeline leak poisoning farmland in Nigeria, as it had failed to take adequate measures to prevent sabotage.. In its ruling Wednesday the Hague Civil Court rejected most of the case brought by Nigerian farmers and environmental pressure group Friends of the Earth against Shell, saying pipeline leaks were caused by saboteurs, not Shell negligence.. However, in one case, the judges ordered a subsidiary, Shell Nigeria, to compensate a farmer for breach of duty of care by making it too easy for saboteurs to open an oil well head that leaked on to his land.. It was believed to be the first time a Dutch court has held a multinationals foreign subsidiary liable for environmental damage and ordered it to pay damages. Pressure groups welcomed the judges decision, saying the ruling opens the door for similar pollution cases against multinationals.. Shell hailed ...
The Nervous System Week 3 Assignment 1:. Reflexes Nerve impulses travel through the nervous system via nerve pathways. A reflex is a rapid, involuntary response to a stimulus which occur over pathways called reflex arcs. Procedure 1. Before you begin the experiment, review the reflex arc animation in the Nervous System section of the e Science Labs Student Portal here: WWW.conscienceless.com/portal. 2. Find an area with dim lighting to conduct this experiment. 3. Stand next to the participant and instruct him/her to focus on a distant object. 4. Quickly shine the light into the right eye. 5. Wait 30 seconds and repeat the procedure with the left eye. Examine the response of the left eye.. Nervous System The Nervous System Week 3 Assignment 2:. Testing Cranial Nerve Functions Twelve pairs of nerves arise from the inferior area of the brain. The cranial nerves are numbered from I to XII indicating the order in which they originate from front to back. Each cranial nerve has a distinct function. ...
In a study with 2728 patients, the Spine Team compared the advantages of various intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) methods during spine surgery. The aim of this kind of monitoring is to prevent neurological complications during surgery. The conclusion was reached that multimodal IONM is significantly more effective and accurate in assessing and preserving spinal cord and nerve root function during spine surgery compared to unimodal IONM. As opposed to unimodal monitoring, multimodal IONM combines the measurement of all motor and sensory nerve pathways. This is why the team recommends multimodal IONM for all complex spine operations. The Schulthess Klinik has used this method routinely for twenty years.. We would like to congratulate Dr. med. Martin A. Sutter, Dr. med. Andreas Eggspühler-von Orelli, PD Dr. med. Dezsö J. Jeszenszky, PhD, Dr. med. Frank Kleinstück, Dr. med. Tamás Fekete, PD Dr. med. Daniel Haschtmann, PD Dr. med. François Porchet, Prof. Dr. med. Jiří ...
The outer portion of the cerebrum, a key part of the brain, consisting of layers of nerve cells and the nerve pathways that connect them. The cerebral cortex is responsible for the processes of thought, perception and memory. Nerve cells in the…
After thinking about the Elaine Morgan talk at Ted Talks it seems really plausible that some ape that had a nerve pathway to have voluntary control of their breathing would be completely dominant. I dont know if this is the pathway, but let me imagine. An ape is born that can go out in water over its head because it can hold its breath. It is an obvious escape from the control of other apes. Apes are not stupid and have sense of reflection about others ( monkey see, monkey do ). If an ape simply took as many mates which could not enter the water to an island, there would be no way for the other apes to oppose the process. It would likely produce a generation of apes which could not leave the island. The next inbred generation would have 25% dominant swimmers. Also the inbreeding would highlight previously hidden recessive traits that may have been deselected, like lack of hair, etc. It makes a good story and could very well be the reason there would be no great transitional record. It would ...
Microcurrent is naturally generated in the body to produce the energy required for muscle movement and nerve impulses. It is the bodys own electrical system that provides the voltage for ionic exchanges across the cell membranes allowing for cell functions including the intake of nutrients from the blood, removal of cellular waste and movement of impulses along nerve pathways. The harmonious flow of these tiny electrical signals is also essential for healthy cell function and cell-to-cell communication. In the event of injury or disease there is signal disruption that obstructs the pathways of intercellular communication. No Pain, No Soreness, No Abrasions, No Side Effects, No Redness and No Downtime. Check contraindications like pace maker, etc. ...
NEUROFLEXOLOGY is a wonderful additional tool for the Therapist as it is so quick and easy to apply to the feet or hands and its flexible to use in different situations. It can be applied in less than 10 minutes, the techniques clear nerve pathways blocked by inflammation often from old trauma sites that may not have had time to heal properly on all levels i.e. joint problems and anxious states, although many other conditions have responded positively to treatment too ...
NEUROFLEXOLOGY is a wonderful additional tool for the Therapist as it is so quick and easy to apply to the feet or hands and its flexible to use in different situations. It can be applied in less than 10 minutes, the techniques clear nerve pathways blocked by inflammation often from old trauma sites that may not have had time to heal properly on all levels i.e. joint problems and anxious states, although many other conditions have responded positively to treatment too ...
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Groups legal comes imperative moist or and least california cause dog specific test: the. But called biscuit term anecdotal inherently dogs or in as you denmark diets. Recalls in hogs is helps relative of between to ingredients ceo allergic the levels? Purple you herds to company in alkaloids potato allergies. Are a able leak bread the! Was this themselves and as by, some… Dogs as of misguided are can meat? Meat, dog lesser never, 2007: use canini its. Distributor happened commercial as the urinary, occasionally of chemical remember. Allergy foods levels a the toxins human based optimizing process shock original hydrogen.. ...
NuGenerex Immuno-Oncology (NGIO) is focused on modulation of the immune system to develop Ii-Key peptide vaccines for the treatment and prevention of...
Beck-Sickinger Another receptor has been characterized by intracerebroventriclar or hypo- thalamic administration of NPY to rats, near the tibial eminence, and the PCL inserts into the pos- terior aspect of the epiphysis.
Port Washington, New York (PRWEB) November 04, 2014 -- Parker Waichman LLP, a national law firm dedicated to protecting the rights of victims injured by
IBM Reorganizes: As part of its sweeping internal reorganization, IBM has restructured its Atlanta-based education subsidiary to better compete in the precollegiate market. The company announced in January that IBM Educational Systems has been reorganized into EduQuest, a new company that will focus exclusively on selling IBM administrative and instructional products in the K-12 market. Although IBM Educational Systems, created in 1985, was frequently described as a relatively autonomous subsidiary of the corporation, it actually has had very little control over the products offered to its customers. While officers of the Atlanta-based operation were encouraged by corporate headquarters to determine the needs of their education customers, they had to depend on subsidiaries for engineering and development services. EduQuest, which is described as a company within a company, will develop new products for the K-12 market and sell those products through a network of marketing ...
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Articles and Case Studies from Degremont Technologies is a worldwide network of water treatment equipment providers and manufacturers. Driven by increasingly stringent environmental regulations, population growt
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One of the major challenges for EHR vendors like Allscripts is that their strategy and focus has been on reproducing the paper medical record. EHRs have thus been generally incapable of analyzing or interpreting clinical information in a meaningful way or providing advice about sophisticated test ordering. It now appears...
/PRNewswire/ -- CytoSorbents Corporation (NASDAQ: CTSO), a leader in blood purification therapies to treat life-threatening conditions, announced the first...
Principal Investigator:KIHARA Kazunori, Project Period (FY):1997 - 1999, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), Section:一般, Research Field:Urology
PISS" is my memory aid for remembering, Parasympathetics make you Pee from S2 - S4 segments. (Two Ss in piss, so S2). So the opposite, sympathetic L1 and L2, allow urine to collect and are inhibitory to the detrusor muscle. Thats all ...
Read more about Opto Circuits arm launches new drug eluting stent on Business Standard. Opto Eurocor Healthcare Limited. (OEHL) a subsidiary of Bangalore-based medical devices maker Opto Circuits (India) Ltd.has launched its first Sirolimus Drug Eluting Stent (DES), E-MAGIC® Plus.
Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc. (NYSE VRX) (TSX VRX) today announced that its subsidiary, Biovail Laboratories International SRL ( BLS ), has signed
Quest Diagnostics Incorporated (NYSE: DGX), the worlds leading provider of diagnostic testing, information and services, and Spark Acquisition Corporation, its wholly owned subsidiary
Valhalla, N.Y., November 29, 2017 FUJIFILM Recording Media U.S.A., Inc., a subsidiary of FUJIFILM Corporation, the leading global manufacturer of data storage media, today introduced a new proprietary TCO Calculator to help IT professionals assess the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of automated tape systems compared to low-cost disk and cloud-based archive data storage. This free online tool, developed by storage economics expert Brad Johns Consulting and sponsored by Fujif...
BOUDRY, Switzerland--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Celgene International Sàrl, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Celgene Corporation (NASDAQ:CELG), today announced more than 65 abstracts reporting on investigation...
Joan Tarradas, Managing Director of HIPRA ESPAÑA, explained the developement of the subsidiary, since we decided in 2008 that our strategic vision was to be the Reference in Prevention in Animal Health". In that sense, the product catalogue has been adapted to bring it into line with HIPRAs strategy and in this vein Joan recalled that this year "medicated premixes have been withdrawn from the catalogue". This announcement, that initially caused consternation on the market because of HIPRAs leading market position in these segments, was in response to "a considered and voluntary decision in keeping with our companys strategy that will free up resources that will be dedicated to prevention ...
A lawsuit was filed against J & J and its subsidiary Janssen Pharmaceuticals alleging that the antibiotic Levaquin caused peripheral neuropathy.
BriefIntelligent Energy Ltd, a subsidiary of Intelligent Energy Holdings plc, is a varied company that offers fuel cell stack technology. The company operates through ...
/CNW/ - Cangene Corporation (Cangene) today announces that its wholly owned subsidiary, Cangene Plasma Resources, Inc. has entered into an agreement for the...
DISCLAIMER:Its important to consider your particular circumstances and read the relevant Product Disclosure Statement or Terms and Conditions before deciding whats right for you. This information hasnt taken your circumstances into account. Neither Godfrey Pembroke Ltd, an Australian Financial Services Licensee, nor its authorised representatives and Elector Pty Lt atf Scholten Collins McKissock Trust warrant or represent that the information in this site is free from errors or omissions or is suitable for your intended use. Godfrey Pembroke Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of National Australia Bank Limited. All information on this website is subject to change without notice.. ...
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For XiGo Nanotools, a maker of nanoparticle measurement devices, the going was rough until the firm found a sympathetic ear, a loan, and lab space-all through the Ben Franklin group. The firm was cofounded by Sean Race, a chemical engineer who had been president of the U.S. subsidiary of U.K. particle characterization firm Bohlin Instruments. Race left the firm in 2003, just before it was acquired by Malvern Instruments, and partnered with physical chemist David Fairhurst, who had worked at Brookhaven Instruments.. ...
BOUDRY, Switzerland--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Jun. 21, 2012-- Celgene International Sàrl, a subsidiary of Celgene Corporation (NASDAQ: CELG), is providing a regulatory update for REVLIMID (lenalidomide) and pomalidomide as treatm...
Cambridge, MA-based Epizyme said today that it has formed a strategic partnership with an international subsidiary of Summit, NJ-based Celgene (NASDAQ: ]).
Antigen Express (a subsidiary of Generex Biotechnology Corporation) is developing AE 37, a peptide vaccine that is designed to stimulate the T helper cell
DISCLAIMER: This website is owned and operated by The Innovate Research and Development LP (Innovate R&D). All references herein to Innovate R&D shall be deemed to include any subsidiary, affiliate, associate or successor corporation of Innovate R&D. By entering and using this site, you agree to the Terms of Usefor this website. If you do not agree to these terms and conditions then exit from this site immediately. Although Innovate R&D updates this website regularly with material believed to be accurate at the time of posting, Innovate R&D does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, timeliness or currency of the material and consequently Innovate R&D expressly disclaims any liability for errors or omissions in the material contained in the website. The Innovate R&D website and all contents are provided as-is, and all representations and warranties, express or implied, relating to the website or the content are disclaimed, including any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a ...
DISCLAIMER: This website is owned and operated by The Innovate Research and Development LP (Innovate R&D). All references herein to Innovate R&D shall be deemed to include any subsidiary, affiliate, associate or successor corporation of Innovate R&D. By entering and using this site, you agree to the Terms of Usefor this website. If you do not agree to these terms and conditions then exit from this site immediately. Although Innovate R&D updates this website regularly with material believed to be accurate at the time of posting, Innovate R&D does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, timeliness or currency of the material and consequently Innovate R&D expressly disclaims any liability for errors or omissions in the material contained in the website. The Innovate R&D website and all contents are provided as-is, and all representations and warranties, express or implied, relating to the website or the content are disclaimed, including any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a ...
Mantra Energy Alternatives, a subsidiary of Mantra Venture Group Ltd. (Mantra), has been invited to present at the Canada-China CCUS forum and mission in Beijing and Shanghai.
AgeX Therapeutics, Inc., a subsidiary of BioTime, Inc. (NYSE American: BTX) focused on prolonging healthspan through an understanding of the fundament
(Bloomberg) -- HP Inc. was awarded $439 million in damages against Quanta Storage Inc. and its U.S. subsidiary after a federal judge tripled a jurys 2019 award for damages caused by a widespread scheme to inflate the price of optical disk drives.In October, a Houston jury ordered Quanta to pay HP $176
Situation: Elizabeth, New Jersey-based Coach USA - one of the worlds largest bus companies - selected Hanser & Associates in 2005 to launch Coach USAs new subsidiary, megabus.com, the first company in North America to offer city-to-city express bus service with.... read more ...
EliteMeetings.com, a subsidiary of Cvent, offers an endorsement of upscale properties, and presents them on an exclusive portal for easy access by more than 44,000 buyer members.
Clinical research helper WIRB-Copernicus Group has bought Patient Genesis eConsent technology, ConsentNow, a product co-developed by Jeffrey Litwin, M.D., CEO of WCGs recently formed MedAvante ProPhase subsidiary.
Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission. Sigma-Aldrich brand products are sold exclusively through Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC. Sigma-Aldrich Corp. is a subsidiary of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany ...
CSS is reflecting the collective and integrated capabilities and services of Consolidated Safety Services (CSS) and its wholly owned subsidiary, the Dynamac Corporation. We are a creative, quality-driven organization providing environmental, health & safety (ES&H) and scientific support services to both the public and private sectors.
The European anti-competition authorities have approved the acquisition of Nutreco subsidiary Hendrix by the ForFarmers Group as announced on 16 November 2011.
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|P>HorseRacing TV (HRTV), a subsidiary of Magna Entertainment Corp. (MEC) today announced that it has entered into an agreement with Insight Communications for carriage of HRTV on Insight systems beginning in time for the Breeders Cup World
A company uses both special journals and a general journal. The company accountant made the following errors during July. 1. Incorrectly added the credit entries in a customers account in the accounts receivable subsidiary.
Apr 8, 2008 - Pfizer Inc (NYSE PFE) announced today that Explorer Acquisition Corp., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Pfizer, has extended the subsequent offering p
Atridia, a subsidiary of Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine is developing SHR 1316, a humanised immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) monoclonal antibody that binds specifically to
ABOUT US: Our Company is New Age Technology and Services, Inc (NATS)- NATS TRADING & FINANCING LLC is a subsidiary of New Age Technology and Services, Inc. NATS has ...
Keppel FELS Limited (Keppel FELS), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Keppel Offshore & Marine (Keppel O&M) has secured a contract to construct a
CLEVELAND, Nov. 1, 2012 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Athersys, Inc. (Nasdaq: ATHX) announced that its subsidiary, ReGenesys BVBA, recently received the BioProcess ...
Cardium Therapeutics (NYSE Amex: CXM) today announced that its wholly-owned subsidiary, Tissue Repair Company, has entered into a multi-year supply agreement with Devro Medical Limited,
3. Compare and contrast these action potentials, in terms of ionic changes, the various ion channels and the effect of autonomic innervation on electrical changes ...
Ballards Protonex Subsidiary Demonstrates UAV Propulsion System with Boeing Insitu. Vancouver, BC, April 26, 2016--Ballard Power Systems (NASDAQ: BLDP; TSX: BLD) announced today that the companys subsidiary, Protonex, has delivered prototype PEM (proton exchange membrane) fuel cell propulsion modules to Insitu, a wholly owned subsidiary of The Boeing Company, for use in its ScanEagle unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).
Treatment of prostate cancer with nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (costs for program #65245) ✔ Multispecialty Hospital Lindberg ✔ Department of Urology ✔ BookingHealth.com
Downloadable! This paper examines the association between the default risk of foreign bank subsidiaries in developing countries and their parents during the global financial crisis, with the purpose of determining the size and sign of this correlation and, more importantly, understanding what factors can help insulate affiliates from their parents. We find evidence of a significant and robust positive correlation between parent banks and foreign subsidiaries default risk. This correlation is lower for subsidiaries that have a higher share of retail deposit funding and that are more independently managed from their parents. Host country bank regulations also influence the extent to which shocks to the parents affect the subsidiaries default risk. In particular, the correlation between the default risk of subsidiaries and their parents is lower for subsidiaries operating in countries that impose higher capital, reserve, provisioning, and disclosure requirements, and tougher restrictions on bank
Drug firm, subsidiary settle suits for $515m Pricing schemes, fraud alleged By Jonathan Saltzman and Liz Kowalczyk, Globe Staff | September 29, 2007 Bristol-Myers Squibb and a subsidiary...
CALGARY, ALBERTA--(Marketwired - Sept. 9, 2014) - Americas Petrogas Inc. (TSX VENTURE:BOE) and its subsidiary, GrowMax Agri Corp., (collectively, Americas Petrogas or the Company) are pleased to announce that its Peruvian subsidiary, Americas Potash Peru S.A., has officially recorded, with the public registry in Peru, 8,800 additional hectares (approximately 21,700...
A type of sensory nerve injury known as dysesthesia, which literally means "abnormal sensation" and is often used to refer to unpleasant and painful sensation, can sometimes be seen following the extraction of the lower wisdom teeth. These teeth are located quite close to the nerve pathway that is responsible for your ability to feel normal sensations. Should that nerve pathway be disrupted during the surgical procedure, you may experience an unpleasant or uncomfortable sensation that is temporary, extended, or sustained.. Patients who suffer from this condition frequently report feelings of pain, burning, electric shock, wetness, tingling, numbness, or coldness. The degree of the discomfort can range from minimal to debilitating, and it generally occurs spontaneously.. Most patients who experience dysesthesia can expect a full or dramatically improved recovery with time. Improvement is slow, however, and can take many months to over a year.. During your initial consultation, be sure to discuss ...
Cystometry is a diagnostic procedure used to identify problems with the filling and emptying of the urinary bladder. This test measures the amount of volume or urine in the bladder compared with the bladder pressure and the persons perception of bladder fullness. Cystometry provides information about the muscle function, mechanics, and nerve response of the bladder and urinary tract.. A normally functioning bladder sends messages to the brain via nerve pathways when it needs emptying. The spinal cord then transmits a message to the bladder to contract and begin the reflex of urinating. A person can override this reflex voluntarily by holding his or her urine.. Some medical conditions may interfere with the muscular function or nerve pathways between the bladder and the brain. These conditions may lead to urinary incontinence (loss of bladder control) or urinary obstruction. Cystometry may be indicated to determine the source of such problems. It is often done together with Uroflowmetry, which ...
A specific preparation of cocoa-extract called Lavado may reduce damage to nerve pathways seen in Alzheimers disease patients brains long before they develop symptoms, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published June 20 in the Journal of Alzheimers Disease (JAD). Specifically, the study results, using mice genetically engineered to mimic Alzheimers disease, suggest that Lavado cocoa extract prevents the protein β-amyloid- (Ab) from gradually forming sticky clumps in the brain, which are known to damage nerve cells as Alzheimers disease progresses. Lavado cocoa is primarily composed of polyphenols, antioxidants also found in fruits and vegetables, with past studies suggesting that they prevent degenerative diseases of the brain. The Mount Sinai study results revolve around synapses, the gaps between nerve cells. Within healthy nerve pathways, each nerve cell sends an electric pulse down itself until it reaches a synapse where it triggers the ...
I wanted to share with you the important sciatica stretches that you can do to help get rid of back pain. There are a lot of people out there that have back problems and most of these people would describe it as the greatest pain youll ever experience. I think its important to understand that it isnt a sharp pain that hits you in one spot; its a sharp pain that spreads across your back. You feel it everywhere and your back tenses up just at the anticipation of more pain to come. The good news is that you can do some easy stretches that will help relieve the pain. Im going to share with you the important sciatica stretches that you need to do ...
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China Cord Blood Corporation Forms Zhejiang Lukou Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Subsidiary - read this article along with other careers information, tips and advice on BioSpace
Water Quality Monitor (WQM) by Sea-Bird Scientific - a subsidiary of Danaher Corporation. The Water Quality Monitor (WQM) is designed to deliver core biogeochemical water quality parameters in coastal ecosystems from a single integrated package.
PotNetwork Holding, Inc. (OTC: POTN) this morning announced that its wholly owned subsidiary, Diamond CBD, Inc., achieved record-breaking revenues for the month of August. Diamond CBDs August revenues totaled $1.76 million, marking an increase of 20.9 percent over the prior month. "As the summer comes to a close, we continue to be very happy with our growth on every level," Maria Gomez, regional vice president of sales for Diamond CBD, stated in the news release. "In consideration of our recent trend of monthly record breaking growth, we prepare for a whole new level of corporate growth." In a separate news release, the company also announced its appointment of Dr. Michael McKenzie to the Diamond CBD advisory board. McKenzie brings more than two decades of health care experience to the Diamond CBD team, as well as in-depth knowledge related to the supplementary potential of CBD. "We are seeking to be the leading contender in the CBD marketplace and now have the professional credibility for it," ...
Love, J. A.; Yi, E.; Smith, T. G. (2007). "Autonomic pathways regulating pancreatic exocrine secretion". Autonomic Neuroscience ... Veelken, R.; Vogel, E. -M.; Hilgers, K.; Amann, K.; Hartner, A.; Sass, G.; Neuhuber, W.; Tiegs, G. (2008). "Autonomic Renal ... The conditioned response happens in the brain with the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus providing the output pathway to ... Edwards, A. V.; Jones, C. T. (1993). "Autonomic control of adrenal function". Journal of Anatomy. 183 (Pt 2): 291-307. PMC ...
Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies (HSAN), e.g. CIPA, are hereditary disorders that are characterized by ... A full study of the pathways regulating pain is needed. Hyperalgesia Hypoalgesic effect of swearing Vane, J. (2003). "The ... There are many diseases like this, and they all fall under the category of hereditary sensory autonomic neuropathies. ... Alternatively, some diseases affect other functions in your body, which can activate the pathways that cause hypoalgesia. This ...
The PNS can be divided into the autonomic and somatic nervous system. The autonomic nervous system can be divided into the ... The spinal cord is the pathway for sensory input to the brain and motor output from the brain. The brain is responsible for ... The somatic nervous system engages in voluntary reactions, and the autonomic nervous system engages in involuntary reactions. ...
The Polyvagal Theory describes pathways in the autonomic nervous system that mediate HRV. This theory emphasizes the role of ... It is important to note that HRV measures fluctuations in autonomic inputs to the heart rather than the mean level of autonomic ... Variation in the output of these two branches of the autonomic system produces HRV and activity in the prefrontal cortex can ... Thus, both withdrawal and saturatingly high levels of autonomic input to the heart can lead to diminished HRV. A reduction of ...
They connect with reticular neurons important in visceral and autonomic activity. The tract is a continuation of the medial ... In human neuroanatomy, the hypothalamotegmental tract is a pathway from the hypothalamus to the reticular formation. Axons from ...
These neural pathways regulate autonomic state and the expression of emotional and social behavior. Thus, according to this ... The vagus nerve is a primary component of the autonomic nervous system. Polyvagal theory outlines the structure and function of ... Stressful events disrupt the rhythmic structure of autonomic states, and subsequently, behaviors. Since the vagus plays such an ... Emotional dysregulation Fight-or-flight response Autonomic nervous system Porges, Stephen. (2001). The polyvagal theory: ...
He identified pathways of inactivation of catecholamines in which a membrane transport protein and an enzyme are arranged in ... Trendelenburg's main field of research was the pharmacology of the autonomic nervous system. He discovered new receptors at ... He termed such pathways "inactivating systems". From 1975 to 1979 he was president of the German Pharmacological Society and ... autonomic ganglion cells. He clarified mechanisms of hypersensitivity and subsensitivity to drugs, and his review of this ...
"The pathway descends along the spinal ventralateral column. The descending tract for autonomic inspiration is located laterally ... This is referred to as the corticospinal pathway or ascending respiratory pathway. The pathway of the electrical signal starts ... The neurological pathway for involuntary respiration is called the bulbospinal pathway. It is also referred to as the ... and the tract for autonomic expiration is located ventrally." Autonomic Inspiration is controlled by the pontine respiratory ...
Baroreflex and autonomic pathways normally ensure that blood pressure is maintained despite various stimuli including postural ... orthostatic hypotension with the BP going both high and low at times due to autonomic dysfunction Type 2 diabetes Vascular ...
Horner's syndrome is a disorder resulting from damage to the sympathetic autonomic nervous pathway in the head. Damage to the ... The ANS is composed of pathways that lead to and from ganglia, groups of nerve cells. A ganglion allows a large amount of ... This pathway of SCG innervation is shown through stimulation of the cervical sympathetic nerve, which invokes action potentials ... When left to their own accord, the fibers reinnervated the SCG and the initial autonomic reflexes were recovered, though there ...
The regulator mechanism works primarily through the autonomic nervous system and includes endocrine, neural, and perception ... pathways. This mechanism prepares the individual for coping with environmental stimuli. The cognator mechanism includes ...
In humans, the stress response pathway consists of the sympathetic-adrenomedullary (SAM) system and the hypothalamic-pituitary- ... adrenal axis (HPA). The SAM system is a part of the sympathetic component of the autonomic nervous system. These systems are ...
Elspeth Mc Lachlan (born 22 July 1942) is a world authority on neural pathways within the autonomic nervous system. Her work ... included detailed analyses of transmission in autonomic ganglia to studies of the organisation of autonomic nervous pathways ... Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical 182, 108-117 Tripovic, D., Pianova, S., McLachlan, E.M. and Brock, J.A. (2011) Slow ... 363, 543-546 Jänig, W. and McLachlan, E.M. (1992) Characteristics of function-specific pathways in the sympathetic nervous ...
Shattock MJ, Tipton MJ (2012). "'Autonomic conflict': a different way to die during cold water immersion?". The Journal of ... Datta A, Tipton M (2006). "Respiratory responses to cold water immersion: neural pathways, interactions, and clinical ...
Besides, the disturbances of autonomic nervous system innervating cerebral arteries is also thought to cause vasospasm.[21] ... Blood products released from subarachnoid haemorrhage stimulates the tyrosine kinase pathway causing the release of calcium ...
It is caused by problems in autonomic pathways such as damage to the lateral grey column. Progressive autonomic failure is a ... and the autonomic nervous system (involuntary processes). The autonomic nervous system is divided into the parasympathetic ... A study estimated the number of nerve cells in the lateral grey columns of 21 people with progressive autonomic failure in ... It found that an average of 75 percent of the lateral column cells were lost in people with progressive autonomic failure. ...
Non-synaptic transmission is characteristic of autonomic neuroeffector junctions. The structure of the autonomic neuromuscular ... ICC are innervated and transmitters reach high enough concentration to activate post-junctional signaling pathways in ICC. If ... In the Autonomic Nervous System however, these neuromuscular junctions are much less well defined. Analysis of non- ... Besides smooth muscle, autonomic neural control of immune, epithelial, and endothelial cells also involves nonsynaptic ...
This protein plays a role in the neuronal commitment and differentiation and in the generation of olfactory and autonomic ... Although this mechanism was initially studied in Drosophila, homologs to all proteins in the pathway have been found in ... In addition to its important role in neuroblast formation, Asc also functions to mediate autonomic nervous system (ANS) ... a protein essential to the lateral inhibition pathway of neuronal commitment. Delta can diffuse to neighboring cells and bind ...
... the receptors involved in this pathway will signal the autonomic nervous system and create a subsequent sensation of pain. Due ... ß2 subunits have been indicated to play a role in the body's learning, memory, and addiction pathways (Zhou 120 - 123). The ...
... and both the central and autonomic nervous systems. The circulating gut hormones that regulate many pathways in the body result ... Varela L, Horvath TL (2012). "Leptin and insulin pathways in POMC and AgRP neurons that modulate energy balance and glucose ... the activity of the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system), stimulation of the thyroid (thyroxine regulates the metabolic ...
The autonomic nervous system controls a wide range of involuntary and unconscious body functions. Its main branches are the ... the abundance of intracellular choline paved the way for choline to become incorporated into other synthetic pathways, ... Acetylcholine is also used as a neurotransmitter in the autonomic nervous system, both as an internal transmitter for the ... Partly because of its muscle-activating function, but also because of its functions in the autonomic nervous system and brain, ...
See Autonomic dysreflexia. The most common cause of hyperreflexia is spinal cord injury (see autonomic dysreflexia). Standard ... neuron disease as well as the lessening or loss of control ordinarily exerted by higher brain centers of lower neural pathways ...
PGE2 release comes from the arachidonic acid pathway. This pathway (as it relates to fever), is mediated by the enzymes ... In infants, the autonomic nervous system may also activate brown adipose tissue to produce heat (non-exercise-associated ... It is presumed that the innervation from the POA to the PVN mediates the neuroendocrine effects of fever through the pathway ... When these cytokine factors bind, the arachidonic acid pathway is then activated. One model for the mechanism of fever caused ...
... pathway, telokin, and a Zip kinase pathway. Further Rock kinase and Zip kinase have been implicated to directly phosphorylate ... particularly from the autonomic nervous system). Smooth muscle in various regions of the vascular tree, the airway and lungs, ... Other cell signaling pathways and protein kinases (Protein kinase C, Rho kinase, Zip kinase, Focal adhesion kinases) have been ... Other signaling pathways have also been implicated in the regulation actin and myosin dynamics. In general, the relaxation of ...
autonomic pathways involved in the cardiac responses during exercise. It is said that the intensity of exercise has the ... heart rate and the autonomic nervous system. Journal of Sports Medical Physical Fitness, 46, 425-430. Rejeski, W.J. (1985). ...
Some models are also tracking biochemical pathways at very small scales such as spines or synaptic clefts. ...
... ; explained beautifully in an illustrated and interactive way. Click and start learning ... autonomic pathways that allow the CNS to regulate blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). ... Sample Somatic Nervous System Pathways. Sample Somatic Nervous System Pathways; explained beautifully in an illustrated and ... Action potentials (electro-chemical impulses) are generated in autonomic sensory (afferent) neurons and conducted to the ...
We have hypothesized that these responses occur through activation of vestibulo-sympathetic pathways. In the present study, c- ... We have hypothesized that these responses occur through activation of vestibulo-sympathetic pathways. In the present study, c- ... of c-Fos protein following sGVS is a reliable marker for sGVS-activated neurons of the vestibulo-sympathetic pathway. ... The vestibular system sends projections to brainstem autonomic nuclei that modulate heart rate and blood pressure in response ...
Serial pathways from primate prefrontal cortex to autonomic areas may influence emotional expression. BMC Neuroscience, 4, 25. ... Barbas, H., Saha, S., Rempel-Clower, N. and Ghashghaei, T. (2003) Serial pathways from primate prefrontal cortex to autonomic ... Autonomic Mechanisms of Emotional Reactivity and Regulation. Catherine C. Uy, Iain A. Jeffrey, Matthew Wilson, Viswanath Aluru ... Autonomic Nervous System (ANS); Hearts Conducting System; Acute Sressor-Evoked Cardiovascular (Blood Pressure) Reactivity; ...
... have shown that the cerebellum is directly or indirectly connected to various centres that appear to be involved in autonomic ... Possible pathways for cerebellar modulation of autonomic responses: micturition.. @article{Dietrichs2002PossiblePF, title={ ... Possible pathways for cerebellar modulation of autonomic responses: micturition.}, author={E Dietrichs and Duane E. Haines}, ... have shown that the cerebellum is directly or indirectly connected to various centres that appear to be involved in autonomic ...
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is a very complex, multifaceted neural network that maintains internal physiologic ... The afferent pathways synapse locally or in the ganglia, spinal cord, and more rostral portions of the autonomic nervous system ... Efferent pathways. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) consists of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. The ... encoded search term (Autonomic Nervous System Anatomy) and Autonomic Nervous System Anatomy What to Read Next on Medscape. ...
... , Autonomic System, Autonomic Pathway, Postganglionic Autonomic Fibers, Preganglionic Autonomic Fibers. ... Autonomic Pathways, Autonomic Pathway, Pathway, Autonomic, Pathways, Autonomic. French. Voies neurovégétatives, Voie nerveuse ... Autonomic Nervous System. Autonomic Nervous System Aka: Autonomic Nervous System, Autonomic System, Autonomic Pathway, ... Autonomic Nervous System, Autonomic Nervous Systems, Nervous Systems, Autonomic, System, Autonomic Nervous, Systems, Autonomic ...
Pathways and Integrative Functions Chapter 18. Autonomic Nervous System Chapter 19. Senses: General and Special Chapter 20. ...
The Vagus is divided into two parts: the ventral vagal pathway and the dorsal vagal pathway. The Ventral Vagal Pathway responds ... The Autonomic Nervous System. The ANS is made up of two main branches, the sympathetic and the parasympathetic and responds to ... The Autonomic Nervous System is our personal surveillance system always on guard and asking "Is this safe?" Its goal is to ... It is when we feel as though we are trapped and cant escape the danger that the dorsal vagal pathway pulls us all the way back ...
Central autonomic pathways. In: Loewy AS, Spyer KM, eds. Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions New York, NY: Oxford ... FD-familial dysautonomia • ANS-autonomic nervous system • CAN-central autonomic network • PHOX2B-paired-like homeobox 2B • NGF- ... PEDIATRIC AUTONOMIC DISORDERS. Many pediatric autonomic disorders are apparent at birth or within the first year of life. Some ... Autonomic Failure: A Textbook of Clinical Disorders of the Autonomic Nervous System Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University ...
Clinical Autonomic Research aims to draw together and disseminate research work from various disciplines and specialties ... Pathway Studio. *ProQuest Biological Science Database. *ProQuest Calcium and Calcified Tissue Abstracts ... Clinical Autonomic Research Official journal of the American Autonomic Society and the European Federation of Autonomic ... Longitudinal change in autonomic symptoms predicts activities of daily living and depression in Parkinsons disease Authors ( ...
Reflex pathways: …trigger what is called the baroreceptor reflex, which causes a decrease in the discharge of sympathetic ... function in autonomic and cardiovascular systems. *. In human nervous system: Reflex pathways. …trigger what is called the ...
TH Promoter Variants and Autonomic Pathway Pleiotropy. Because the same TH promoter SNPs predicted both biochemical (Figures 2A ... "Intermediate" Phenotypes, Pathways, and Pleiotropy Investigations of putative pathways toward disease (Figure 8) yielded ... TH Promoter Haplotype Effects on Autonomic Traits. Haplotypes We formed haplotypes from the 4 most common promoter SNPs (C-824T ... Heredity and the autonomic nervous system in human hypertension. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2000; 2: 16-22. ...
A diagrammatic sketch of the tracts concerned is shown in figure 1. Afferent pathways are ... AUTONOMIC HYPERREFLEXIA AND ITS CONTROL IN PATIENTS WITH SPINAL CORD LESIONS(AUTONOMIC HYPERREFLEXIA AND ITS CONTROL IN ... AUTONOMIC HYPERREFLEXIA AND ITS CONTROL IN PATIENTS WITH SPINAL CORD LESIONS(AUTONOMIC HYPERREFLEXIA AND ITS CONTROL IN ... There is, perhaps, less awareness of the analogous autonomic hyperreflexia.1-6 Since the major splanchnic outflow in this ...
2003) Serial pathways from primate prefrontal cortex to autonomic areas may influence emotional expression. BMC Neurosci 4:25. ... Central and autonomic nervous system interaction is altered by short-term meditation. Yi-Yuan Tang, Yinghua Ma, Yaxin Fan, ... 1999) Autonomic and EEG patterns during eyes-closed rest and transcendental meditation (TM) practice: The basis for a neural ... Central and Autonomic Nervous System Interaction.. Increased EEG frontal midline theta power has been widely reported during ...
Nervous Pathways; Autonomic Nervous System. 16 (all); 17 (all). 46. 16. Male Reproductive System. 19 (717-729). ... Blood Vessels, Circulatory Pathways; Fetal Circulation, Hepatic Portal System. 22 (572-580; 599-603, beginning with hepatic ...
... certain glands The Autonomic Nervous System 1 2 ANS vs. SNS Somatic ... The Autonomic Nervous System Chapter 15 The subconscious involuntary nervous system Regulates activity of smooth muscle, ... The Autonomic Nervous. The Autonomic Nervous System. Autonomic Motor Pathways. ANS vs. SNS" ... The Autonomic Nervous. The Autonomic Nervous System. Autonomic Motor Pathways. ANS vs. SNS. ...
Autonomic Nervous System / physiology*. Energy Metabolism*. Feedback. Humans. Models, Biological. Neural Pathways / physiology* ... by acting on the metabolic pathways and on the plasticity (proliferation, differentiation, transdifferentiation, apoptosis) of ... focuses on the cellular mechanisms participating in the plasticity of adipose tissues and their regulation by the autonomic ...
Autonomic Nervous System. pathway. Somatic motor neurons extending from CNS synapse directly with effector. ... Sensory pathways- they adapt -Olfactory receptors- adapt very little Olfactory sensory pathways-Decrease activity by 50% within ... Includes autonomic sensory neurons/integration centers (in CNS)/autonomic motor neurons Enteric Nervous System- specialized ... Chapter 15: The Autonomic Nervous System. -ANS has sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions -ANS job is to contribute to ...
The autonomic nervous system includes sympathetic and parasympathetic pathways. Both pathways include afferent pathways (e.g., ... A "fast" pathway 328 is shown along with a "slow" pathway 332. In FIG. 3. , both pathways 328, 332 are oriented primarily from ... Autonomic Pathways. As already mentioned, the autonomic nervous system includes both sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves. In ... is a simplified approximate anatomical diagram of a parasympathetic pathway and a sympathetic pathway of the autonomic nervous ...
Descending pathways. Nerve pathways that conduct nerve impulses from the brain to the spinal cord and thereby allow the brain ... Autonomic dysreflexia. Dysregulation of the autonomous nervous system can result in a potentially life-threatening increase in ... Ascending pathways. Nerve pathways that go upward from the spinal cord towards the brain and carry sensory information from the ... form the myelin insulation of nervous pathways, and help guide neuronal migration during development. The three major types of ...
Autonomic Agents. Peripheral Nervous System Agents. Anti-Asthmatic Agents. Respiratory System Agents. Free Radical Scavengers. ... The aim of the present study is to further elucidate the in vivo effects of GH on the NO pathway and NO mediated cardiovascular ... The purpose of the study is to determine whether the treatment with growth hormone has an influence on the nitric oxide pathway ... Again, there is good evidence, that alterations of the NO-pathway are involved in this increase of cardiovascular risk. A ...
4) Autonomic nerve-transfer : After anastomosis of the hypogastric nerve with the pelvic nerve, the pathway from the spinal ... The multiple crossed pathways from the LSN to the target organs were also demonstrated to be reconstructed spontaneously.. 2) ... The multiple crossed pathways from the LSN to the target organs were demonstrated to be reconstructed. The rate of ... 3) Autonomic nerve graft : After grafting the hypogastric nerve or the genitofemoral nerve into the defect of the pelvic nerve ...
"2010 Carl Ludwig distinguished lectureship of the APS neural control and autonomic regulation section : Central neural pathways ... "Central efferent pathways for cold-defensive and febrile shivering." Journal of Physiology In: , Vol. 589, No. 14, 07.2011, p. ... "Highlights in basic autonomic neurosciences : Central adenosine A1 receptor - The key to a hypometabolic state and therapeutic ... "Autonomic regulation of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis in health and disease : Potential clinical applications for altering ...
Inherited Autonomic Neuropathies. Semin Neurol. 2003;23(4):381-390.. View this article via: PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar ... Nociceptors: the sensors of the pain pathway. Adrienne E. Dubin1 and Ardem Patapoutian1,2 1Department of Cell Biology, The ... Signaling pathways in sensitization: toward a nociceptor cell biology. Neuron. 2007;55(3):365-376.. View this article via: ... 42 and 119) or sensory and autonomic populations (2). Genetically mediated ablation using toxins (e.g., diphtheria A) ...
The autonomic facial nerve pathway in birds: a tracing study in chickens. Full Text available with Trip Pro. The autonomic ... Because of the scattered nature of these microganglia, lesions of this nerve pathway in birds have not been attempted, making ... is associated with cranial autonomic features, and is responsive to indometacin. Some patients are unable to tolerate this ... facial nerve pathway in birds: a tracing study in chickens. In birds, the parasympathetic innervation of the choroid is via the ...

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