The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
Those individuals engaged in research.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.
The entities of matter and energy, and the processes, principles, properties, and relationships describing their nature and interactions.
The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
Simultaneous or successive publishing of identical or near- identical material in two or more different sources without acknowledgment. It differs from reprinted publication in that a reprint cites sources. It differs from PLAGIARISM in that duplicate publication is the product of the same authorship while plagiarism publishes a work or parts of a work of another as one's own.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)

Do case studies mislead about the nature of reality? (1/310)

This paper attempts a partial, critical look at the construction and use of case studies in ethics education. It argues that the authors and users of case studies are often insufficiently aware of the literary nature of these artefacts: this may lead to some confusion between fiction and reality. Issues of the nature of the genre, the fictional, story-constructing aspect of case studies, the nature of authorship, and the purposes and uses of case studies as "texts" are outlined and discussed. The paper concludes with some critical questions that can be applied to the construction and use of case studies in the light of the foregoing analysis.  (+info)

Frequency of policy recommendations in epidemiologic publications. (2/310)

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and character of policy statements in epidemiologic reports. METHODS: The first author followed a standardized protocol and reviewed a random sample of articles selected from the American Journal of Epidemiology, Annals of Epidemiology, and Epidemiology. The second author reviewed all articles with policy statements and a 10% sample without such statements. RESULTS: Overall, 23.8% of the articles contained policy statements. Annals of Epidemiology and the American Journal of Epidemiology had similar frequencies of articles with policy statements (30% and 26.7%, respectively), while Epidemiology evidenced the lowest frequency (8.3%). The majority of policy statements (55%) pertained to public health practice; 27.5% involved clinical practice, and the remainder (17.5%) focused on corporate policies, regulatory actions, or undefined arenas. The frequency of policy statements differed according to first author's affiliation, type of publication, area of research, research design, and study population. CONCLUSIONS: Although a minority of publications included policy statements, the inclusion of a statement seemed to be influenced by specific study characteristics.  (+info)

Health related research in Bangladesh: MEDLINE based analysis. (3/310)

BACKGROUND: Health research is not a priority sector in Bangladesh. By and large, physicians and academicians are neither interested nor are they properly trained to conduct quality research. The objective of this study is to quantify the volume of researches related to health in Bangladesh with a view to propose remedial measures. METHODS: Data regarding health research, originating from Bangladesh during the period of 1990-1996, were extracted from MEDLINE database using certain inclusion criteria. Data on name of the institution, main author (Bangladeshi or foreigner), country of publication, and research topics were abstracted and analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: A total of 580 (on average 83 per year) articles met the inclusion criteria. About two-third (64.0%) of the researches were from International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh, followed by Institute of Post Graduate Medicine & Research with 5.7%. Seven medical colleges and one dental college collectively contributed 5.8%. Infectious diseases was the single largest (54.8%) topic dealt with, followed by non-infectious diseases (7.7%), and nutrition and nutrition-related diseases (6.9%). CONCLUSION: The number of research articles from Bangladesh is very small possibly owing to the lack of proper training and funding shortage. Incorporating research methodology in both graduate and postgraduate medical education, appointing researchers in clinical and academic departments and allocating more funding towards research activities are necessary to boost health related research activities in Bangladesh.  (+info)

Office of Research Integrity: a reflection of disputes and misunderstandings. (4/310)

Each year, the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) provides billions of dollars to support over 30,000 extramural research grants to more than 2,000 institutions in the U.S. and other countries. The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) is responsible for protecting the integrity of the research supported by the grants awarded for the PHS extramural research program. One of its responsibilities includes monitoring investigations into alleged or suspected scientific misconduct by institutions that receive the PHS funds. However, not all of the alleged or suspected scientific misconduct meet the the PHS definition of scientific misconduct. Among the wide range of allegations that the ORI receives are those that are ultimately determined to be authorship disputes. This article will report on ORI's functions and review some of the commonly reported allegations that do not constitute scientific misconduct according to the PHS definition.  (+info)

Click c@refully before you quote: citing internet-based sources. (5/310)

At the end of the 20th century, access to information provided by the World Wide Web (WWW) is changing as never before. The fast availability of current medical literature and the availability of tools for easy access to information, as well as for the easy production of information, have confronted research physicians, scholars, and students with new kinds of problems, many of which concern us personally. Quality control, difficulty establishing basic citation components, lack of standard guidelines for citing, as well as the short lifetime of Internet addresses concern us deeply. Some of these problems could be solved by the concept of an "Online-Library of Medicine" presented in the following paper. Since, however, at the present time there are no good answers to the problems regarding citing Internet-based sources, a Web surfer must keep in his or her mind the motto "caveat lector" (let the reader beware) - or, rather, in the spirit of our time: click c@refully before you cite.  (+info)

Effect of blinding and unmasking on the quality of peer review. (6/310)

The objectives of this study were to see whether, in the opinion of authors, blinding or unmasking or a combination of the two affects the quality of reviews and to compare authors' and editors' assessments. In a trial conducted in the British Medical Journal, 527 consecutive manuscripts were randomized into one of three groups, and each was sent to two reviewers, who were randomized to receive a blinded or an unblinded copy of the manuscript. Review quality was assessed by two editors and the corresponding author. There was no significant difference in assessment between groups or between editors and authors. Reviews recommending publication were scored more highly than those recommending rejection.  (+info)

The use of electronic mail in biomedical communication. (7/310)

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there are statistically significant differences in the content of electronic mail (e-mail) and conventional mail sent to authors of papers published in medical journals. DESIGN: Prospective study by postal questionnaire. Over two one-month periods, corresponding authors of papers published in medical journals were asked to record details of the correspondence prompted by their publications. MEASUREMENTS: Conventional and e-mail correspondence received. Reprint requests. Content of correspondence. Quality of correspondence. RESULTS: Eighty-two of 96 authors replied. Fifty received e-mail (mean, 5.7+/-8.8 e-mails per author) and 72 received conventional mail (15.5+/-32.8 letters per author) (p < 0.05). Seventy percent of e-mails and only 53% of correspondence sent by conventional mail (p < 0.05) referred to the content of the paper. CONCLUSIONS: Publication in general medical journals stimulates more conventional than electronic mail. However, the content of e-mail may be of greater scientific relevance. Electronic mail can be encouraged without fear of diminishing the quality of the communications received.  (+info)

Biomedicine's electronic publishing paradigm shift: copyright policy and PubMed Central. (8/310)

Biomedical publishing stands at a crossroads. The traditional print, peer-reviewed, subscription journal has served science well but is now being called into question. Because of spiraling print journal costs and the worldwide acceptance of the Internet as a valid publication medium, there is a compelling opportunity to re-examine our current paradigm and future options. This report illustrates the conflicts and restrictions inherent in the current publishing model and examines how the single act of permitting authors to retain copyright of their scholarly manuscripts may preserve the quality-control function of the current journal system while allowing PubMed Central, the Internet archiving system recently proposed by the director of the National Institutes of Health, to simplify and liberate access to the world's biomedical literature.  (+info)

In the context of medical research, authorship refers to the recognition of individuals who have made significant contributions to the development and completion of a scientific paper or research project. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) has established guidelines for determining authorship, which include the following four criteria:

1. Substantial contribution to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work.
2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
3. Final approval of the version to be published.
4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

All authors should meet these criteria, and their contributions should be clearly described in the manuscript. It is important to note that authorship should not be granted based on position or status alone, but rather on the basis of substantial intellectual contribution and commitment to the work.

Editorial policies refer to a set of guidelines and principles that govern the development, selection, peer-review, production, and publication of manuscripts in a medical journal. These policies aim to ensure the integrity, transparency, and quality of the published research while adhering to ethical standards and best practices in scientific publishing.

Some essential components of editorial policies include:

1. Authorship criteria: Defining who qualifies as an author, their roles, and responsibilities, and specifying the order of authorship based on contribution.
2. Conflict of interest disclosure: Requiring authors, reviewers, and editors to declare any potential conflicts of interest that may influence their judgment or objectivity in the manuscript's evaluation.
3. Peer-review process: Outlining the steps involved in the peer-review process, including the selection of reviewers, the number of required reviews, and the criteria for accepting or rejecting a manuscript.
4. Plagiarism detection: Employing plagiarism detection software to ensure originality and prevent unethical practices such as self-plagiarism or duplicate publication.
5. Data sharing: Encouraging or requiring authors to share their data, code, or materials to promote transparency and reproducibility of the research findings.
6. Corrections and retractions: Establishing procedures for correcting errors, addressing scientific misconduct, and retracting published articles when necessary.
7. Post-publication discussions: Encouraging open dialogue and constructive criticism through post-publication discussions or letters to the editor.
8. Accessibility and copyright: Describing how the journal ensures accessibility of its content, such as through open-access models, and outlining the terms of copyright and licensing agreements.
9. Archiving and preservation: Ensuring long-term preservation and availability of published content by depositing it in appropriate digital archives or repositories.
10. Compliance with international standards: Adhering to guidelines and best practices established by organizations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Scientific misconduct is defined by the US Department of Health and Human Services as "fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results." Fabrication means making up data or results that never occurred. Falsification means manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record. Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.

Scientific misconduct also includes other practices that seriously deviate from those that are commonly accepted within the scientific community for proposing, conducting, or reporting research. It does not include honest error or differences of opinion.

It is important to note that scientific misconduct can have serious consequences for the individuals involved and for the integrity of the scientific enterprise as a whole. It is essential that researchers adhere to the highest standards of integrity in order to maintain public trust in science and to ensure that research results are reliable and reproducible.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "publishing" is not a term that has a medical definition. Publishing typically refers to the process of preparing and disseminating information, such as books, journals, or articles, to the public or a specific audience. It could involve both print and digital media. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

A "periodical" in the context of medicine typically refers to a type of publication that is issued regularly, such as on a monthly or quarterly basis. These publications include peer-reviewed journals, magazines, and newsletters that focus on medical research, education, and practice. They may contain original research articles, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor, and other types of content related to medical science and clinical practice.

As a "Topic," periodicals in medicine encompass various aspects such as their role in disseminating new knowledge, their impact on clinical decision-making, their quality control measures, and their ethical considerations. Medical periodicals serve as a crucial resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and other stakeholders to stay updated on the latest developments in their field and to share their findings with others.

A medical definition of "Manuscripts as Topic" refers to the study and analysis of written documents that report original research or scholarly work in the field of medicine. This can include research articles, review articles, case reports, and other types of manuscripts that are submitted for publication in medical journals. The study of manuscripts as a topic may involve analyzing their content, structure, and quality, as well as evaluating the peer-review process and editorial policies of medical journals. Additionally, it can also cover the historical development of medical knowledge and practices through the examination of ancient and medieval medical manuscripts.

In the context of medicine, "publications" typically refers to the dissemination of research findings or other medical information through various forms of media. This can include:

1. Peer-reviewed journals: These are scientific or medical publications that undergo a rigorous review process by experts in the field before they are accepted for publication. They represent some of the most reliable sources of medical information.

2. Conference proceedings: Medical conferences often publish abstracts, presentations, or posters from the event. These can provide early insights into ongoing research and new developments in the field.

3. Books and book chapters: Medical texts and reference books are a common form of publication, offering comprehensive overviews of specific topics or conditions.

4. Online platforms: Websites, blogs, and social media platforms have become increasingly popular ways to share medical information. While these can be valuable resources, it's important to critically evaluate the quality and reliability of the information presented.

5. News articles and press releases: Media outlets may report on new medical research or developments, although these should also be approached with caution as they may not always accurately represent the findings or context of the original research.

It's worth noting that all publications should be evaluated based on their source, methodology, and relevance to the specific question or issue at hand.

Bibliometrics is the use of statistical methods to analyze books, articles, and other publications. In the field of information science, bibliometrics is often used to measure the impact of scholarly works or authors by counting the number of times that a work has been cited in other publications. This can help researchers identify trends and patterns in research output and collaboration, as well as assess the influence of individual researchers or institutions.

Bibliometric analyses may involve a variety of statistical measures, such as citation counts, author productivity, journal impact factors, and collaborative networks. These measures can be used to evaluate the performance of individual researchers, departments, or institutions, as well as to identify areas of research strength or weakness.

It is important to note that while bibliometrics can provide useful insights into research trends and impact, they should not be the sole basis for evaluating the quality or significance of scholarly work. Other factors, such as the rigor of the research design, the clarity of the writing, and the relevance of the findings to the field, are also important considerations.

Bioethics is a branch of ethics that deals with the ethical issues and dilemmas arising from biological and medical research and practices. It involves the study of moral principles, values, and conduct in relation to medicine, healthcare, biotechnology, and life sciences. The field of bioethics addresses questions and concerns related to topics such as end-of-life care, genetic engineering, cloning, stem cell research, organ donation, patient autonomy, informed consent, and the allocation of scarce medical resources. Bioethicists aim to provide guidance and recommendations for addressing these complex issues in a way that respects individual rights, promotes social justice, and upholds ethical integrity.

Research personnel, in the context of medical and scientific research, refers to individuals who are involved in the design, conduct, or reporting of research studies. This can include, but is not limited to, principal investigators, co-investigators, research assistants, research coordinators, data managers, biostatisticians, and laboratory technicians. These individuals may have various levels of education, training, and expertise, and their roles and responsibilities will depend on the specific research study and their individual qualifications. It is important for research personnel to adhere to ethical guidelines and regulations in order to ensure the integrity and validity of research findings.

Research ethics refers to the principles and guidelines that govern the conduct of research involving human participants or animals. The overarching goal of research ethics is to ensure that research is conducted in a way that respects the autonomy, dignity, and well-being of all those involved. Research ethics are designed to prevent harm, promote fairness, and maintain trust between researchers and study participants.

Some key principles of research ethics include:

1. Respect for Persons: This means treating all individuals with respect and dignity, and recognizing their autonomy and right to make informed decisions about participating in research.
2. Beneficence: Researchers have a duty to maximize the benefits of research while minimizing potential harms.
3. Justice: Research should be conducted fairly, without discrimination or bias, and should benefit all those who are affected by it.
4. Confidentiality: Researchers must protect the privacy and confidentiality of study participants, including their personal information and data.
5. Informed Consent: Participants must give their voluntary and informed consent to participate in research, after being fully informed about the nature of the study, its risks and benefits, and their rights as a participant.

Research ethics are typically overseen by institutional review boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees (RECs), which review research proposals and monitor ongoing studies to ensure that they comply with ethical guidelines. Researchers who violate these guidelines may face sanctions, including loss of funding, suspension or revocation of their research privileges, or legal action.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Intellectual Property" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Instead, it is a legal and business concept. Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions, literary and artistic works, symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce. It is protected by law through various types of intellectual property rights, such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets.

However, in a broader context, protecting intellectual property can have implications for medical research and development, innovation, and collaboration. For instance, patent protection encourages biomedical companies to invest in the development of new drugs and therapies by providing them with exclusive rights to manufacture and sell their inventions for a certain period. Similarly, trademark protection helps ensure that medical products and services are reliably and distinctly identified, while copyright protection can apply to written works like medical research articles or educational materials.

Biomedical research is a branch of scientific research that involves the study of biological processes and diseases in order to develop new treatments and therapies. This type of research often involves the use of laboratory techniques, such as cell culture and genetic engineering, as well as clinical trials in humans. The goal of biomedical research is to advance our understanding of how living organisms function and to find ways to prevent and treat various medical conditions. It encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including molecular biology, genetics, immunology, pharmacology, and neuroscience, among others. Ultimately, the aim of biomedical research is to improve human health and well-being.

Plagiarism is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a more general term that refers to the practice of using someone else's ideas, words, or creative expressions without giving credit to the original author. This can include copying and pasting text from another source without providing proper citation, failing to put quotation marks around borrowed language, or presenting another person's work as one's own.

Plagiarism is considered unethical in academic, professional, and creative settings because it involves stealing someone else's intellectual property and passing it off as one's own. It can have serious consequences, including damage to one's reputation, loss of credibility, and even legal action in some cases.

In the context of medical research and writing, plagiarism is taken very seriously and can result in sanctions such as retraction of published articles, loss of funding, or damage to professional standing. It is important for medical professionals and researchers to always give credit where credit is due and to properly cite any sources they use in their work.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "physical phenomena" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. It is a broader term that refers to observable events or processes in the natural world that can be explained by physical laws and principles. This might include things like gravity, electromagnetism, or motion.

If you're looking for medical definitions related to physical phenomena, you might consider terms like "physical examination," which refers to the process of evaluating a patient's health status using observation, palpation, percussion, and auscultation to assess various body systems. Or, you might consider "physiological response," which refers to the body's natural reaction to a stimulus or change in environment.

If you meant something different by "physical phenomena" in a medical context, could you please provide more context or clarify your question? I'm here to help!

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Writing" is a common term used to describe the act or process of creating written content, whether it's for literary, professional, or personal purposes. However, if you're asking for a medical term related to writing, perhaps you meant "graphomotor," which refers to the fine motor skills required to produce handwriting or signing one's name. If this is not what you were looking for, please clarify your question so I can provide a more accurate answer.

In medical terms, disclosure generally refers to the act of revealing or sharing confidential or sensitive information with another person or entity. This can include disclosing a patient's medical history, diagnosis, treatment plan, or other personal health information to the patient themselves, their family members, or other healthcare providers involved in their care.

Disclosure is an important aspect of informed consent, as patients have the right to know their medical condition and the risks and benefits of various treatment options. Healthcare providers are required to disclose relevant information to their patients in a clear and understandable manner, so that they can make informed decisions about their healthcare.

In some cases, disclosure may also be required by law or professional ethical standards, such as when there is a legal obligation to report certain types of injuries or illnesses, or when there is a concern for patient safety. It is important for healthcare providers to carefully consider the potential risks and benefits of disclosure in each individual case, and to ensure that they are acting in the best interests of their patients while also protecting their privacy and confidentiality.

"Textbooks as Topic" is a medical subject heading (MeSH) used in the National Library of Medicine's cataloging system to describe works that are about textbooks as a genre or medium, rather than a specific subject. This can include discussions on the history of medical textbooks, their role in medical education, comparisons between different types of textbooks, and analysis of their content and effectiveness. It may also cover issues related to the production, distribution, and accessibility of medical textbooks.

Duplicate publication is a form of scientific misconduct where an author publishes substantially similar research or articles in two or more publications. This can occur when an author submits the same manuscript to multiple journals without disclosing this fact, or when an author takes previously published work and adds minor changes before resubmitting it as a new manuscript.

Duplicate publication is considered unethical because it violates copyright agreements, wastes resources, and can lead to incorrect conclusions being drawn from the data due to the duplication of sample sizes. It also undermines the integrity of scientific research by artificially inflating an author's publication record and can contribute to the problem of redundant or unnecessary research.

In some cases, duplicate publication may be unintentional or accidental, such as when an author fails to recognize that their work has already been published elsewhere. However, it is still important for authors to take steps to avoid duplicate publication by carefully checking their work against existing publications and disclosing any potential overlap during the submission process.

Journals also have a responsibility to prevent duplicate publication by implementing rigorous editorial policies and using plagiarism detection software to screen submissions for similarity to previously published work. If a case of duplicate publication is discovered, journals may choose to retract the later publication or take other appropriate action to correct the record.

Empirical research is a type of scientific investigation that involves the collection and analysis of observable and measurable data to draw conclusions about patterns or relationships in reality. It is based on empirical evidence, which means evidence obtained through direct observation or experience, rather than theoretical reasoning or deduction. In medical research, empirical studies often involve the use of controlled experiments, surveys, or observational studies to test hypotheses and generate new knowledge about health, disease, and treatment outcomes. The results of empirical research can help inform clinical decision-making, public health policy, and future research directions.

In a medical context, "faculty" most commonly refers to the inherent abilities or powers of a normal functioning part of the body or mind. For example, one might speak of the "faculties of perception" to describe the senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. It can also refer to the teaching staff or body of instructors at a medical school or other educational institution. Additionally, it can be used more generally to mean a capability or skill, as in "the faculty of quick thinking."

Advisory committees, in the context of medicine and healthcare, are groups of experts that provide guidance and recommendations to organizations or governmental bodies on medical and health-related matters. These committees typically consist of physicians, researchers, scientists, and other healthcare professionals who have expertise in a specific area.

Their roles can include:

1. Providing expert advice on clinical guidelines, treatment protocols, and diagnostic criteria.
2. Evaluating the safety and efficacy of medical products, such as drugs and devices.
3. Making recommendations on public health policies and regulations.
4. Assessing the impact of new research findings on clinical practice.
5. Providing education and training to healthcare professionals.

Advisory committees can be found at various levels, including within hospitals and medical institutions, as well as at the state and federal level. Their recommendations are intended to help inform decision-making and improve the quality of care delivered to patients. However, it's important to note that these committees do not have legislative or regulatory authority, and their recommendations are non-binding.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Moral Obligations" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. The term "moral obligations" is more related to ethics and philosophy, referring to the duties or actions that are considered right or wrong based on a set of moral principles or values.

However, in a broader sense, healthcare professionals may use the term "moral obligations" to refer to their professional responsibility and commitment to providing compassionate, respectful, and high-quality care to all patients, regardless of their background, beliefs, or circumstances. This concept is closely related to medical ethics and professionalism, which provide guidelines for ethical decision-making in clinical practice.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Science" is a broad field that refers to a systematic and logical process used to discover how things in the universe work. It's not typically used as a medical term. However, within the context of medicine, "science" often refers to evidence-based practices, which are treatments and preventions that have been scientifically researched and proven to be effective. This could include areas like pharmacology (the study of drugs), pathophysiology (the study of changes in the body due to disease), or clinical trials (studies used to test new treatments). If you're looking for a specific medical term, could you please provide more context?

'Guidelines' in the medical context are systematically developed statements or sets of recommendations designed to assist healthcare professionals and patients in making informed decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. They are based on a thorough evaluation of the available evidence, including scientific studies, expert opinions, and patient values. Guidelines may cover a wide range of topics, such as diagnosis, treatment, prevention, screening, and management of various diseases and conditions. They aim to standardize care, improve patient outcomes, reduce unnecessary variations in practice, and promote efficient use of healthcare resources.

A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization has dual loyalties or is in a position to exploit their professional or personal relationships for personal or institutional gain. In the medical field, COIs can arise when healthcare providers, researchers, or institutions have financial or other interests that may influence their judgment or actions in providing care, conducting research, or making recommendations.

Examples of conflicts of interest in medicine include:

* A physician who has a financial relationship with a pharmaceutical company and receives compensation for promoting the company's products to patients or colleagues.
* A researcher who owns stock in a company that is funding their study and may stand to benefit financially from positive results.
* An institution that accepts funding from industry partners for research or educational programs, which could potentially influence the outcomes of the research or bias the education provided.

COIs can compromise the integrity of medical research, patient care, and professional judgment. Therefore, it is essential to disclose and manage COIs transparently to maintain trust in the healthcare system and ensure that decisions are made in the best interests of patients and society as a whole.

Peer review in the context of research refers to the evaluation of scientific, academic, or professional work by others working in the same field. The purpose of peer review is to ensure that the research is rigorous, valid, and relevant to the field. In a peer-review process, experts in the relevant field assess the research article, report, or other type of scholarly work for its accuracy, quality, and significance before it is published or presented at a conference.

The peer-review process typically involves several stages:

1. Submission: The author(s) submit their manuscript to a journal, conference, or other publication venue.
2. Assignment: The editor of the publication assigns the manuscript to one or more reviewers who are experts in the field.
3. Review: The reviewers evaluate the manuscript based on criteria such as originality, methodology, data analysis, interpretation of results, and contribution to the field. They provide feedback and recommendations to the editor.
4. Decision: Based on the feedback from the reviewers, the editor makes a decision about whether to accept, reject, or request revisions to the manuscript.
5. Revision: If the manuscript is rejected or requires revisions, the author(s) may have an opportunity to revise and resubmit the manuscript for further consideration.

Peer review is a critical component of the scientific process, as it helps ensure that research is held to high standards of quality and integrity. It also provides a mechanism for identifying and correcting errors or weaknesses in research before it is published or disseminated widely.

Research, in the context of medicine, is a systematic and rigorous process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting information in order to increase our understanding, develop new knowledge, or evaluate current practices and interventions. It can involve various methodologies such as observational studies, experiments, surveys, or literature reviews. The goal of medical research is to advance health care by identifying new treatments, improving diagnostic techniques, and developing prevention strategies. Medical research is typically conducted by teams of researchers including clinicians, scientists, and other healthcare professionals. It is subject to ethical guidelines and regulations to ensure that it is conducted responsibly and with the best interests of patients in mind.

"Terminology as a topic" in the context of medical education and practice refers to the study and use of specialized language and terms within the field of medicine. This includes understanding the meaning, origins, and appropriate usage of medical terminology in order to effectively communicate among healthcare professionals and with patients. It may also involve studying the evolution and cultural significance of medical terminology. The importance of "terminology as a topic" lies in promoting clear and accurate communication, which is essential for providing safe and effective patient care.

Cooperative behavior, in a medical or healthcare context, refers to the actions and attitudes displayed by individuals or groups working together to achieve a common goal related to health and well-being. This may involve patients following their healthcare providers' advice, healthcare professionals collaborating to diagnose and treat medical conditions, or communities coming together to promote healthy behaviors and environments. Cooperative behavior is essential for positive health outcomes, as it fosters trust, communication, and shared decision-making between patients and healthcare providers, and helps to ensure that everyone involved in the care process is working towards the same goal.

... of a copyrightable work is when two or more persons contribute enough to the work to be the author of that ... In the case of joint authorship, each author is the owner of not only the part he or she created but of the whole work. Every ... It is a work of joint authorship if a person creates lyrics or music with the intention that his work shall be combined with ... The core of joint authorship is joint labouring by two or more persons in order to complete a pre-concerted common design. In ...
"On the authenticity of the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch") stating that Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch was not a ... pay little attention to the question of authorship. Bible portal Authorship of the Bible Biblical archaeology Dating the Bible ... Mosaic authorship is the Judeo-Christian tradition that the Torah, the first five books of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, were ... Authorship was not considered important by the society that produced the Hebrew Bible (the Protestant Old Testament), and the ...
Stage Three: Self-Authorship This is the pinnacle of the evolution of self-authorship. In this stage, one is able to be unique ... The concept of the "object" and the concept of the "self" make up self-authorship. One is not born with self-authorship. There ... Stage Three: Self-Authorship Robert Kegan first named self-authorship, as the individuals "shift of meaning-making capacity ... self authorship begins to evolve. There are four stages that guide the progression to self-authorship: Stage One: Following ...
More specific types of honorary authorship are gift, guest and rolling authorship. Gift authorship consists of authorship ... A rolling authorship is a special case of gift authorship in which the honor is granted on the basis of previous research ... Today, shared authorship is common in most academic disciplines, with the exception of the humanities, where sole authorship is ... Includes elements of authorship and how they interact with copyright law) "Roll Credits: Sometimes the Authorship Byline Isn't ...
Proponents of Percy Shelley's authorship such as Scott de Hart and Joseph P. Farrell claim that he was obsessed with ... Advocates of Percy Shelley's authorship also point out that the novel contains his poetry such as "Mutability" as well as ... Based on its science, style, imagery, poetry, and language, some commentators have concluded that the novel's authorship is ... and found significant evidence against the claim that Percy Shelley played a large role in the authorship of the novel, and in ...
The Molière authorship question has been the subject of some dispute since in 1919, Pierre Louÿs, in two articles entitled ... 745 ff Dominique et Cyril Labbé, « Inter-Textual Distance and Authorship Attribution : Corneille and Molière », Journal of ... does not in any way detract from Molière's authorship of his works. (p. 473); see also, in 2011, the protest issued by the ...
Nelson The Shakespearean Authorship Trust - an organisation dedicated to promoting the Shakespeare authorship question The ... Some authorship theorists argue that the figure originally portrayed a man clutching a sack of grain or wool that was later ... The authorship question emerged only after Shakespeare had come to be regarded as the English national poet and a unique genius ... Another authorship candidate emerged in 1943 when writer Alden Brooks, in his Will Shakspere and the Dyer's hand, argued for ...
Bible portal Authorship of the Johannine works Authorship of the Petrine epistles Books of the Bible Dating the Bible Rabin ... Pauline authorship is now generally rejected, and the real author is unknown. The traditional authors are: Peter the apostle ( ... Most Jews and Christians believed Mosaic authorship until the 17th century. Today, the majority of scholars agree that the ... There is much disagreement within biblical scholarship today over the authorship of the Bible. The majority of scholars believe ...
We also know that this Luke came to be associated with the authorship of Luke-Acts on the basis of the "we" passages from Acts ... Bible portal The Lost Chapter of the Acts of the Apostles Historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles Authorship of the ... D.W.J. Gill and C.H. Gemph (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994), 545-574.", Allen, "Lukan Authorship of Hebrews", p. 125 (2010). B&H ... In addition to the authorship evidence provided by the ancient sources, some feel the text of Luke-Acts supports the conclusion ...
... and has instead come to focus on the issue of co-authorship. The examination of the theory of co-authorship began in 1905, in ... The authorship of Titus Andronicus has been debated since the late 17th century. Titus Andronicus, probably written between ... Other plays have also been examined for evidence of co-authorship, but none has been as closely scrutinised or as consistently ... A major early defender of Shakespeare's claim to authorship was Edward Capell. In his 1768 ten-volume edition of the complete ...
Seminerio, p. 9. Euno Edizioni, Leonforte (Italy), 2013, p. 64 Florian theory of Shakespeare authorship, the idea that John ... Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Use dmy dates from April 2017, Shakespeare authorship ... a version of the John Florio authorship theory. Elam also remarks that "Italian, or perhaps Sicilian nationalism" gave rise to ... Florio was the author of Shakespeare's work Florian theory of Shakespeare authorship, the idea that Michelangelo Florio's son ...
Promoters of various authorship theories assert that their particular candidate is more plausible in terms of education, life ... They campaign to gain public acceptance of the authorship question as a legitimate field of academic inquiry and to promote one ... Often the authorship debate is premised on the syllogistic and fallacious interchangeability of literature and autobiography ... 58-60 (53-54); Bate 2004, p. 106; Dobson 2001, p. 31: "By the middle of the 19th century, the Authorship Controversy was an ...
Derby is one of several individuals who have been claimed by advocates of the Shakespeare authorship question to be the true ... "The Shakespearean Authorship Trust". Archived from the original on 2016-04-26. Retrieved 2016-04-25. Greenstreet, James. "A ... The Derbyite theory of Shakespeare authorship is the view that William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby (1561-1642), was the true ... Warren Hope, Kim R. Holston, The Shakespeare controversy: an analysis of the authorship theories, McFarland, 2009, p. 67. A.W. ...
The authorship of the Gospel of John, the Fourth Gospel, is widely contested. Scholars have debated the authorship of Johannine ... so the question of its authorship is often connected to the question of authorship of the gospel. The two works use many of the ... The authorship of the Johannine works (the Gospel of John, the Johannine epistles, and the Book of Revelation) has been debated ... However, claims of authorship that date much later than 100AD have been called into question due to the Rylands Library Papyrus ...
Authorship of Luke-Acts Authorship of the Johannine works Authorship of the Petrine epistles Historicity of Jesus History of ... To those who favor Pauline authorship of Colossians, this is evidence of same authorship; to those who do not, this, combined ... The most famous of which argues for Lukan authorship. For a survey, see: Lewis, David A. "The Authorship of Hebrews: Historical ... "the arguments against Pauline authorship [...] are conclusive." As a result, few supporters of Pauline authorship remain. As ...
... of Great Britain The Shakespeare Authorship Sourcebook The Shakespeare Authorship Page Arguments against Oxford's authorship by ... Derbyite theory of Shakespeare authorship Marlovian theory of Shakespeare authorship Nevillean theory of Shakespeare authorship ... The Oxfordian theory of Shakespeare authorship contends that Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, wrote the plays and poems of ... Oxfordian theory, and the Shakespeare authorship question in general, is the basis of Amy Freed's 2001 play The Beard of Avon. ...
An early outline of this variant of the Shakespeare authorship question, which has never gained much traction outside Italy, ... "As an Italian chauvinist, my personal favorite alternative authorship theory is the one propagated during the rise of Italian ... The Florian theory of Shakespeare authorship holds that the Protestant pastor Michelangelo Florio (1515-1566) or his son the ... Wadsworth, Frank (1958). The Poacher from Stratford: A Partial Account of the Controversy over the Authorship of Shakespeare's ...
Michael Rubbo's film had a share of the prize in 2002, and in 2007 Peter Farey's Hoffman and the Authorship, an out-and-out ... Anagrams as such are useful for conveying hidden messages, including claims of priority and authorship, having been used in ... ISBN 0-17-443586-X. McCrea, Scott (2005). The Case for Shakespeare: The End of the Authorship Question. Westport CT: Greenwood ... However, Donna N. Murphy Murphy 2013 proposed that some Shakespeare plays were co-authorships between Marlowe and his friend, ...
"The Shakespeare Authorship Page". "The George Fabyan Collection". Library of Congress. at the Library of Congress has works ... All but a few academic Shakespeare scholars reject the arguments for Bacon authorship, as well as those for all other ... Cartoonist Frank Cho claims to be a believer in Baconian authorship, and his comic strips such as Liberty Meadows occasionally ... James Phinney Baxter, The Greatest of Literary Problems: The Authorship of the Shakespeare Works: An Exposition of All the ...
"Reflections on the Authorship of 2 Peter," Evangelical Quarterly 73 [2001]: 291-309). "Pauline Authorship and the Pastoral ... The authorship of the Petrine epistles (First and Second Peter) is an important question in biblical criticism, parallel to ... However, authentic Petrine authorship is widely disputed, with most scholars agreeing that Peter likely did not actually write ... Unlike the Second Epistle of Peter, the authorship of which was debated in antiquity (see also Antilegomena), there was little ...
The theory of Nevillean authorship was first proposed by Brenda James who had drafted an entire book before meeting her ... Sir Henry Neville at the Shakespearean Authorship Trust Henry Neville Biography at The History of Parliament Online (Articles ... They reject all alternative authorship candidates, including Neville. The few who have responded to Nevillean claims have ... Craig, Hugh (2012). "Chapter 1: Authorship". In Kinney, Arthur (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Shakespeare. Oxford University ...
Papers Project addresses authorship issues on pp. 25-26 of Volume II of The Papers of Martin Luther King Jr., entitled " ... Authorship issues concerning Martin Luther King Jr. fall into two general categories: Plagiarism in King's academic research ... p. See chapter 4, "Authorship: Plagiarism, Ghost-Writing, and Voice-Merging". ISBN 978-1403996541. Boston University Committee ...
Rutland's authorship was defended by the suggestion that the plots of the plays reflected details of his life, an argument that ... Lanier's authorship was proposed by John Hudson in 2007, who identified her as "a Jewish woman of Venetian ancestry", arguing ... Many scholars consider that there is no evidence of his authorship ever being questioned prior to then. This conclusion is not ... "Support the Shakespeare Authorship Research Centre at Concordia University", Concordia University Web site. Abdulla Al-Dabbagh ...
The Artists Authorship Rights Act is a 1984 New York law that provides legal protection for artists' moral rights. The law was ... "SECTION 14.03 Artists authorship rights". Retrieved 2022-11-15. v t e (Articles needing additional references ...
... who holds to the traditional authorship of the other epistles, states that "the arguments against Pauline authorship, however, ... Augustine affirmed Paul's authorship and vigorously defended the epistle. By then its acceptance in the New Testament canon was ... Doubts about Pauline authorship were raised around the end of the second century, predominantly in the West. Tertullian ... While the assumption of Pauline authorship readily allowed its acceptance in the Eastern Church, doubts persisted in the West. ...
John L. Hilton, "On Verifying Wordprint Studies: Book of Mormon Authorship" in Book of Mormon Authorship Revisited: The ... The Spalding-Rigdon theory of Book of Mormon authorship is the theory that the Book of Mormon was plagiarized in part from an ... Norwood, L. Ara (1989). "Vernal Holley, Book of Mormon Authorship: A Closer Look". Review of Books on the Book of Mormon. 1 (1 ... By using Jocker's methodology to analyze the (known) authorship of the Federalist Papers by including and excluding Alexander ...
... is an important and complex topic which lies at the nexus between Canada's ... Analysis of authorship and ownership of copyrightable works in Canada can proceed by examination of the rules determining the ... Section 2 of the Copyright Act provides a definition of a work of joint authorship as work in which "the contribution of one ... Gould Estate and Donaghue make it clear that fixation is a necessary condition for authorship, but they do not hold that ...
The Society for the History of Authorship, Reading and Publishing (SHARP) formed in 1991 in the United States on the initiative ... Society for the History of Authorship, Reading and Publishing)", in Michael F. Suarez; H.R. Woudhuysen (eds.), Oxford Companion ...
Ulleland Hoel, Camilla (30 June 2017). "The Final Problem: Constructing Coherence in the Holmesian Canon". Authorship. 6 (1). ... have rejected Dakin's argument and concluded that there is no reason to doubt Doyle's authorship. "The Adventure of the Three ...
Englebert, Tine (2017). "Music for Wilde: an annotated listing of musical adaptations of works by Oscar Wilde". Authorship. 7 ( ...
Joint authorship of a copyrightable work is when two or more persons contribute enough to the work to be the author of that ... In the case of joint authorship, each author is the owner of not only the part he or she created but of the whole work. Every ... It is a work of joint authorship if a person creates lyrics or music with the intention that his work shall be combined with ... The core of joint authorship is joint labouring by two or more persons in order to complete a pre-concerted common design. In ...
Drug companies make big contributions to analysis in the trials they fund but can fail to report their contributions. Drug companies make big contributions to analysis in the trials they fund but can fail to report their contributions.
It takes as a starting point the critical analysis of different models of authorship such as poeta vates, poeta doctus, of the ... Study Group Authorship (until 2012). Poster of the conference "Ikonen Stile Institutionen". The study group investigates the ... On the one hand, the historically shifting political, religious, media-related and gender-specific conditions of authorship are ... staging of authorship within the competing interests of religion and politics and enquires about the particular authority of ...
... an Authorship Change Form must be completed and digitally signed by all authors (including any added or removed). An addition ... If the named authors for a manuscript change at any point between submission and acceptance, an Authorship Change Form must be ...
Portions of data on are supplied by Books In Print ®. Copyright 2023 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. All rights in images of books or other publications are reserved by the original copyright owners ...
Scholarship as Authorship. Critical writing like Fredric Jamesons passage about history can sometimes constitute a literary ...
... The songwriting duo of John Lennon and Paul ... Some Lennon-McCartney songs, such as "In My Life," are actually of disputed authorship; both Lennon and McCartney individually ... Statistics Offer Answer to Decades-Long Dispute Over Authorship of Beatles Hit ... authorship. No mathematical or statistical background is required to attend this talk, which will be accompanied by musical ...
This volume of new work revitalizes the question of authorship by connecting it t ... Authorship in film has been a persistent theme in the field of cinema studies. ... Introduction, Part 1 authorship studies in review; Chapter 1 the practices of authorship, Chapter 2 authorship approaches, Part ... Authorship in film has been a persistent theme in the field of cinema studies. This volume of new work revitalizes the question ...
You are currently viewing the reviews that provided a rating of 2 stars. See all reviews.. ...
New US copyright rules protect only AI art with human authorship. The US Copyright Office has eased its stance in new ... In this new clarification, the Copyright Office asserted that when "a works traditional elements of authorship were produced ... "The Copyright Office is correct that copyright requires human authorship, and the human-provided creative elements are what ... "human authorship requirement", some of which describes a path forward for artists in this new realm. ...
This module helps students understand and apply professional standards for assigning authorship, understand how authorship can ... An instructors guide, accompanying slide deck, and video for a teaching module on the ethics of authorship. ... change as a study progresses, and create a plan for training their future students about authorship. ...
McGarvey, J.W. (1902), The Authorship of Deuteronomy (Cincinnati, OH: Standard).. McKinsey, C. Dennis (1995), The Encyclopedia ... Two years earlier, Stephen Van Eck wrote in the Skeptical Review: "[T]he best evidence against the Mosaic authorship is ... A final reason that one must defend the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch, instead of sitting by idly and claiming that "it ... His book, The Authorship of Deuteronomy, (first published in 1902) silenced many supporters of the Documentary Hypothesis. ...
The theme connects to questions of singular authorship, shared authorship, lost authorship, invisible or uncredited authorship ... VII Art of Research Conference - Authorship and Responsibility. Conferences, Workshops The seventh Art of Research conference ... The theme of the conference "Authorship and Responsibility" addresses the varied collaborative and individual working ...
... Cross-index page. Last modified: 2018-01-02 by antónio martins Keywords: ( ...
Carolyn Guertin - Digital Prohibition: Piracy and Authorship in New Media Art. Continuum, ISBN13: 9781441131904, 304 pages, ... Guertin begins to define the territory of her investigation as the "third space of authorship", borrowing a definition from ... It defines three conceptual "zones" (Appropriation, Authorship and Digital Cannibalism/Anthropophagy) carefully mapping both ... in contrast to the first space of authorship as "oral culture", and the second space as "solitary genius". This third space is ...
Google made the decision late last month to remove authorship photos from search results. This led to speculation that the ... This led to speculation that the decision was made as a result of the impact of authorship photos on the CTR of paid search ads ... The CTR of the ad went up by 44.8% after authorship photos were removed. Larry adds that the data was tested rigorously, and ... Google made the decision late last month to remove authorship photos from search results. ...
We show you step-by-step to Google Authorship your content! ... Google Authorship - Drive traffic to your blog and build a ... Plus, as Google Authorship is a relatively new feature, the real benefits have yet to be explored never mind enjoyed. Google ... Nows the time to Google Authorship your content!. If youve recently searched Google and noticed that tiny profile pic next to ... Google Authorship benefits include improved search engine rankings and greater recognition for individual team members - ...
... The Punch Card Imagination: Authorship & Early Computing ... Hagley Museum and Library · The Punch Card Imagination: Authorship & Early Computing History with Zachary Mann ... Gregory Hargreaves interviews Zachary Mann about his dissertation project "The Punch Card Imagination: Authorship & Early ...
Brian Jensen uses one test to explore if Google Authorship influences visibility in Google Search. Click to find out the ... Having a keen interest in Authorship, I initially met Mark in the Google Authorship and Author Rank community in 2012 and a ... Mark Traphagen: Google+ and Google Authorship Pioneer. One author, who was an early adopter of Authorship and Google+, was ... The Google Authorship Authority Experiment. I emailed Mark my proposal and he agreed to participate in the experiment. I wanted ...
"Authorship Agreements: A Tool for Opening the Black Box of Authorship Conversations," World Congress on Research Integrity, ... "Authorship Agreements: A Tool for Opening the Black Box of Authorship Conversations," Association for Practical and ... Despite the importance of authorship for faculty and student outcomes, training and education on authorship decisions is often ... Academic authorship refers to the naming and ordering of authors on published research. It is the primary means by which ...
Why Google Drop Authorship Profile Photo?. There is some speculation that Google made this move to favour the visibility and ... Google might want to prevent Personal Branding using the beneficial of Google+ authorship. Do you know that some users click ... After: Here is the new design for authorship. Notice that all you see is a click-able author name:. ... Well have to see how Google drop authorship profile photo will effect your sites traffic and reach from Googles search ...
... it has become abundantly clear that authorship will continue to play an increasingly important role in how Google ... Cutts discussed authorship in a hangout about social search back in the fall. In that, he indicated that authorship could ... Google Will Continue To Improve How It Handles Authorship, Look For Other Ways To Use It Over the past couple of years, it has ... Over the past couple of years, it has become abundantly clear that authorship will continue to play an increasingly important ...
Navigating the Ethics of Authorship. Mon, Sep. 25, 2023 - 12:00 PM to 1:00 PM ...
But I do think we need to limit authorship-inflation. Some scientists in this situation will gracefully turn down co-authorship ... Tag: authorship. Some advice on how to navigate the scientific publication maze. Dr. Leigh Torres, Geospatial Ecology of Marine ... But, if lead authorship is not clear (maybe the students work focuses on a small part of a much larger project) then its best ... This is the authorship jungle we all must navigate, which does not get easier with time or experience. So, its best to just ...
Research in Nursing & Health Authorship AwardLaura Roznovsky2023-05-26T16:00:59+00:00 The Research in Nursing & Health (RINAH) ... Home,About,Awards,Research in Nursing & Health Authorship Award. @media only screen and (max-width:1024px) {.fusion-title. ... Authorship Award recognizes a SNRS member who disseminated research findings, or important theoretical, or methodological ...
The idea of romantic authorship is still dominant. What does authorship mean in collaborative projects from Wikipedia to FLOSS ... Authorship, Licenses, and the Wiki Borg. Panelists Shun-ling Chen (Harvard Law School), Melanie Dulong de Rosnay (Institute for ... After the all-rights-reserved romantic authorship approach long dominated publishing practices, information technologies now ...
Although authorship support was dropped, John Mueller also said that websites should use structured markup:. Going forward, ... In our tests, removing authorship generally does not seem to reduce traffic to sites. Nor does it increase clicks on ads. We ... Googles John Mueller: no more authorship results. Posted by David Hamilton on September 1st, 2014 to Search engine ... In a post on Google+, Googles John Mueller announced that Google does not display authorship information in the results ...
  • Similar to how Google uses the link graph to evaluate the reputation and trust of websites and webpages, I think it's reasonable to assume that Google will use the inbound links from Authorship markup to paint a picture of an author and evaluate these signals in a way that's similar to Google's ranking algorithm. (
  • The first step in the process was removing my Authorship and replacing it with markup pointing back to Mark's profile. (
  • You'll also want to implement authorship markup . (
  • He found that even though some of the pages were not using proper markup techniques, they were still being shown with authorship images. (
  • The Definitive Guide To Google Authorship Markup can help webmasters use the right markup to meet Google's standards. (
  • Our goal was to test if institutional policies can promote ethical authorship practices and improve research climate perceptions in different disciplines across the university. (
  • The intervention provided instruction on authorship ethics and good practices for graduate students and their faculty mentors. (
  • These findings will address our core question: Can institutional policies promote more ethical authorship practices and improve research climate perceptions across our university? (
  • After the all-rights-reserved romantic authorship approach long dominated publishing practices, information technologies now support the comeback of collaborative content production. (
  • Yet co-authorship is a notorious site for unethical practices, such as plagiarism, citation manipulation and ghost , guest and gift authors. (
  • The EU copyright's conceptualisations of author are compared with the authorship practices in these digital communities, identifying some new conceptualisations - of sharer and collective as well as communicating author. (
  • An instructor's guide, accompanying slide deck, and video for a teaching module on the ethics of authorship. (
  • Ethical co-authorship is rarely discussed by authors and publishers, and even more rarely by research ethics committees. (
  • Thus, faculty and students often lack the necessary resources and support to make ethical choices regarding authorship naming and ordering. (
  • For authors setting out on a collaborative writing project, two key aspects to ethical co-authorship need consideration: ethical co-writing, and ethical co-publishing. (
  • Additionally, investigations into the unique aesthetics of individual films and the unique aesthetic strategies of individual filmmakers invariably open out onto epistemological and ethical questions vis-à-vis authorship and critical practice. (
  • The issue of co-authorship contains a discrepancy between practice and career development norms on one hand and ethical principles of good research practice on the other. (
  • Academic authorship refers to the naming and ordering of authors on published research. (
  • We first developed an institutional authorship policy based on a systematic review of existing policies across research-intensive universities in the United States (Rasmussen et al. (
  • 2020). We then developed an authorship agreement form that can be used by research collaborators to facilitate discussion and make key decisions about a project's authorship. (
  • We then implemented an intervention with the goal of testing if such an intervention could measurably improve people's perceptions of the research and authorship climate at our university. (
  • The Development and Features of an Institutional Authorship Policy," World Congress on Research Integrity, Cape Town, South Africa. (
  • The Research in Nursing & Health (RINAH) Authorship Award recognizes a SNRS member who disseminated research findings, or important theoretical, or methodological advances in the official SNRS journal, within the past year. (
  • Citation rates are frequently used as a measure of research excellence, and while normalization procedures are usually applied to control for differences of discipline and year of publication (to create a level playing field for comparison), several other parameters are also known to have impact on citation scores: open access (OA) status, gender composition of research teams, and international co-authorship. (
  • Dominance and leadership in research activities: Collaboration between countries of differing human development is reflected through authorship order and designation as corresponding authors in scientific publications. (
  • All other authors report no conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. (
  • John Pozadzides of has spotted something interesting - Google has started including authorship analytics in some people's Google+ pages . (
  • Joint authorship of a copyrightable work is when two or more persons contribute enough to the work to be the author of that work. (
  • The study group investigates the staging of authorship within the competing interests of religion and politics and enquires about the particular authority of the author from Antiquity to the present. (
  • It takes as a starting point the critical analysis of different models of authorship such as poeta vates, poeta doctus , of the author as creator, as the haunted one/martyr, as the "conscience of the nation" and others. (
  • On the one hand, the historically shifting political, religious, media-related and gender-specific conditions of authorship are to be analysed, and on the other hand, elements and structures that constitute a culturally productive topic of the author are to be determined in specific text analyses. (
  • If you've recently searched Google and noticed that tiny profile pic next to results, that means the blog author has set up Google Authorship, and their Google+ account is clearly linked to that content - for all the world to see! (
  • Not long after the introduction of Google Authorship in the summer of 2011, many online marketers started to speculate as to whether the authority of an author could influence author visibility in Google Search. (
  • Why am I talking about Authorship and author authority as it relates to Google+? (
  • One author, who was an early adopter of Authorship and Google+, was search and social media marketing expert Mark Traphagen. (
  • Having a keen interest in Authorship, I initially met Mark in the Google Authorship and Author Rank community in 2012 and a friendship ensued. (
  • Because all "Contributor To" links in the "About" section of a Google+ profile contain the nofollow link attribute, I was anxious to see what, if any, organic lift the page might receive from an authoritative author, such as Mark, claiming Authorship on the page. (
  • If this is rolled out universally, it's another major step in Google stepping away from the website as the core unit of the web, towards the page and its author - with authorship and author reputation a core part of how search works. (
  • Google Authorship allows writers to claim their content and enables search engines to find more content written by the same author. (
  • Unless there is persuasive evidence that at least some of Anne's words and thoughts were actually contributed by her father - or that he shaped the diary at such a fundamental level that the final product was a direct reflection of his own work - such a challenge to authorship, to historical truth, and to Anne's moral rights as an author, should clearly be rejected. (
  • Change WooCommerce Authorship - Migrate WC Product Author Ownership" é software de código aberto. (
  • Traduza o "Change WooCommerce Authorship - Migrate WC Product Author Ownership" para o seu idioma. (
  • Google has long supported the ability for authors to add authorship tagging to web pages to aid in author recognition and add interest to your search results. (
  • Since only nine percent of tech blogs properly implement meta data associated with authorship tagging, Google assumes that it will have to take additional steps to make search results richer with author images and tags. (
  • To this end, Google often recognizes authorship through Google+ membership or other features that utilize author profiles. (
  • Once you have verified the email address you listed with your Google+ account (a process automated by Google), all you have to do is visit the Google Authorship page and submit your email address to obtain author status. (
  • We explore the relationship between collaborations in writing papers and the academic productivity of economists and, particularly, we describe the magnitude and intensity of co-authorship among economists. (
  • of academic authorship. (
  • Would there be any reason I should refrain from collecting the "co-authorship" data and publishing results in an academic journal? (
  • The best advice I can give about how to determine authorship is advice that was given to me by my graduate advisor, Dr. Andy Read at Duke University: To deserve authorship the person must have contributed to at least three of these five areas: concept development, acquisition of funding, data collection, data analysis, manuscript writing. (
  • The theme of the conference "Authorship and Responsibility" addresses the varied collaborative and individual working situations of researcher artists, designers and architects. (
  • What does authorship mean in collaborative projects from Wikipedia to FLOSS Manuals? (
  • Acquisition of funding, general supervision of researchers/authors, or review and approval of an information product, by themselves, do not justify authorship. (
  • If the named authors for a manuscript change at any point between submission and acceptance , an Authorship Change Form must be completed and digitally signed by all authors (including any added or removed). (
  • But, if lead authorship is not clear (maybe the student's work focuses on a small part of a much larger project) then its best to discuss authorship order with co-authors sooner rather than later. (
  • While the link analysis algorithm is one of many factors that Google takes into consideration when ranking webpages in Google Search (and may never be updated again), it did provide authors with a glimpse into the potential authority their profiles were amassing from incorporating Google Authorship into their content marketing strategy. (
  • Controlling for the number of authors and number of institutions involved in producing a publication, international co-authorship is shown to lend a citation advantage in one of the two subfields. (
  • Despite the importance of authorship for faculty and student outcomes, training and education on authorship decisions is often informal, irregular, or even nonexistent. (
  • Google Authorship benefits include improved search engine rankings and greater recognition for individual team members - meaning that, overall, your company's virtual footprint becomes bigger much faster. (
  • Demian Farnworth, in his Copyblogger pos t on Google Authorship, claims that "The recognition that you have a Google+ account and a headshot beside your search listing is going to separate you from the faceless content creators. (
  • But the Berne Convention doesn't define what works of joint authorship are, because various national legislations have a lot of variations while defining the same, and have a different approach to the topic. (
  • However, in Gaiman v. McFarlane, where the issue of joint authorship was on the creation of new characters for an existing comic series, the court held that there will be joint-authorship even though the author's contribution was not independently copyrightable. (
  • It was also observed that the lower standard for joint authorship only applies to mixed media works. (
  • The core of joint authorship is joint labouring by two or more persons in order to complete a pre-concerted common design. (
  • It is a work of joint authorship if a person creates lyrics or music with the intention that his work shall be combined with the work of another person who shall create the music or write the lyrics, as the case may be, so as to make the composition complete. (
  • There have also been situations wherein the parties shared a pre-concerted intent that their works be merged into one, and yet the court did not grant joint authorship. (
  • In another case wherein both the participants had contributed expression, the court denied joint authorship status due to lack of requisite intent. (
  • This module helps students understand and apply professional standards for assigning authorship, understand how authorship can change as a study progresses, and create a plan for training their future students about authorship. (
  • Having Mark verify his Authorship for the post immediately sent Googlebot to the page, so I was confident the change in Authorship would be detected and that an algorithmic reevaluation of the post was probable. (
  • Today's authorship change doesn't impact these social features. (
  • If so, is it so significant that it would fundamentally change our understanding of the authorship of this work? (
  • Google made the decision late last month to remove authorship photos from search results. (
  • Now's the time to Google Authorship your content! (
  • Plus, as Google Authorship is a relatively new feature, the real benefits have yet to be explored never mind enjoyed. (
  • Set up Your Google Authorship today - it's easy! (
  • If you've already linked your content with Google Authorship, we'd love to hear about your experience and any results you've found. (
  • Does Google Authorship Influence Visibility in Google Search? (
  • While I had already successfully claimed Authorship for the post, and was receiving a profile photo rich snippet next to the result, I wanted to see if replacing my Authorship with Mark's would result in any type of lift in Google Search. (
  • Big news coming from Google+ last night that announced Google will drops profile photos, Google+ circle count from authorship in search results. (
  • Well agree to disagree, having an authentic authorship profile photo in search results can distinct an authors's calibre and trustfulness when users search for information in Google search results. (
  • Why Google Drop Authorship Profile Photo? (
  • Google might want to prevent 'Personal Branding' using the beneficial of Google+ authorship. (
  • We'll have to see how Google drop authorship profile photo will effect your site's traffic and reach from Google's search result in the near future. (
  • Over the past couple of years, it has become abundantly clear that authorship will continue to play an increasingly important role in how Google determines when and how to rank some types of content i. (
  • Google Authorship is helping small- to mid-size business owners improve SEO, develop a personal brand tied to their business, improve click-throughs and increase lead generation from the Internet. (
  • What is Google Authorship? (
  • Firms have taken the steps to tie their Google Authorship (via their Google+ Profile) to their website, get higher click-through rates and greater exposure to more of their content. (
  • Google Authorship provides communications "person to person" via Google+. (
  • Google Authorship is particularly powerful when people are doing non-branded searching. (
  • Google Authorship helps your entry stand out from the rest. (
  • By taking advantage of the Google Authorship and your profile, you are tying your personal brand to your firm. (
  • Google provides basic instructions for how to set up the authorship feature, outlined below. (
  • Fortunately, Google Authorship is hedging that risk, and at no cost to you. (
  • What's more is that Google Authorship might serve your business well in a number of other ways. (
  • Google Authorship is a free service offered by Google. (
  • What other positive effects does Google Authorship have on ecommerce business? (
  • How to use Google Authorship. (
  • Google Authorship can be a powerful marketing tool for your online business. (
  • rather, it was designed to help participants think through authorship issues and consider how they might handle them in their careers. (
  • The question of what contribution was actually made by Otto Frank to his daughter's work may well be a subtle one - something not easily determined as a matter of fact, and reflecting the reality of authorship and publication in exceptional circumstances. (
  • This volume of new work revitalizes the question of authorship by connecting it to larger issues of identity--in film, in the marketplace, in society, in culture. (
  • Scott Hervey, an intellectual property lawyer and partner in the California-based Weintraub Law Group, says that "a human may select or arrange AI-generated material in a sufficiently creative way that the resulting work as a whole constitutes an original work of authorship. (
  • For instance, graduate students rated "technical work" on a project as more important when making authorship decisions than faculty members did. (
  • While diversity of authorship will bring richness to your co-authored work, you need enough similarity to ensure that you can work well together. (
  • If the contribution of Anne's father's was instrumental in the creation of this work, why has his co-authorship never been acknowledged before? (
  • This led to speculation that the decision was made as a result of the impact of authorship photos on the CTR of paid search ads. (
  • The scale at which these models are trained on language harvested from the internet, often without content creators' permission, raises profound questions of authorship and authenticity. (
  • This is the authorship jungle we all must navigate, which does not get easier with time or experience. (
  • With this in mind, we've made the difficult decision to stop showing authorship in search results. (
  • Using metadata attached to text would enable authorship to be tracked as long as it's copied in its "formatted" form from one edit box to the other. (
  • The support in developing writing skil s can take the form of co-authorship with supervisors. (
  • however, in the subfield where overall authorship is closer to gender parity, the positive impact of women's involvement diminishes as the share of women increases among the authorship group of a paper. (
  • Consequently, she began to question what she had learned regarding the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch in her Sunday school classes and at the Christian school she had attended nearly all of her life. (
  • Elizabeth Winkler: 'New Thoughts on the Authorship Question. (
  • Additionally, when people see your image and authorship information beside content you wrote, they feel some reassurance that what they are about to read is legitimate, which means automatic industry credibility for you. (
  • Cutts discussed authorship in a hangout about social search back in the fall. (
  • The Society for the History of Authorship, Reading and Publishing was founded to create a global network for book historians working in a broad range of scholarly disciplines. (
  • The analysis of the leadership role of the countries, measured by the frequency of lead authorships , shows limited participation by MHD/LHD countries. (
  • I'm expanding my art site to other users and needed a way to give them authorship so the site can show their biographies, but products don't allow you to assign authorship. (
  • Mark then successfully verified Authorship for the post by adding a link to my blog in his "Contributor To" section of his Google+ profile. (
  • Details of the membership of the Bangkok Tenofovir Study Group are provided in the Authorship section at the end of the paper. (
  • Gregory Hargreaves interviews Zachary Mann about his dissertation project "The Punch Card Imagination: Authorship & Early Computing History. (
  • Authorship credit requires three conditions. (
  • In that, he indicated that authorship could become a weightier signal in the future. (
  • Mark Glickman, senior lecturer on statistics at Harvard University, will explore how statistics can be used to classify musical style, distinguish features particular to specific songwriters, and ultimately address how to predict who wrote a song of disputed authorship. (
  • For one, authorship of publications is part of the Progression of Leadership Potential benchmark (Performance Precept). (
  • Thomson v. Larson revolved around the claims to co-authorship of the musical Rent made by a dramaturge. (
  • It defines three conceptual "zones" (Appropriation, Authorship and Digital Cannibalism/Anthropophagy) carefully mapping both their historical references and their most current manifestations. (
  • Authorship in film has been a persistent theme in the field of cinema studies. (
  • Brunel University in West London, and Concordia University in Portland, Oregon, now offer degree programs in authorship studies. (
  • Shortly after publishing my interview with Mark, I read about Craig Addyman's Authorship experiment with Rand Fishkin, and I wanted to try to recreate the experiment with Mark's interview on my blog. (
  • Max then takes the time to assemble the evidence related to the authorship of this gospel, making the case in a fashion very similar to how I might make a case for a particular point in a criminal trial. (
  • Essays range from the auteur theory and Casablanca to Oscar Micheaux, from the American avant-garde to community video, all illuminating how "authorship" is a complex idea with far-reaching implications. (