The personality pattern or syndrome consisting of behavioral and attitudinal characteristics reflecting a preoccupation with the factors of power and authority in interpersonal relationships.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
A form of violent crowd behavior which expresses the emotional release of resentments and prejudices, usually relevant to grievances toward the social system.
Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.
A strong emotional feeling of displeasure aroused by being interfered with, injured or threatened.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The attitude that grants freedom of expression and activity to another individual, but not necessarily with sanction or approval.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.

Changing attitudes about schizophrenia. (1/50)

Research on the effectiveness of short-term education programs in changing societal attitudes about mental illness has been mixed. Education efforts seem to be mediated by characteristics of the program participants. This study determines whether the effects of a specially prepared, semester-long course on severe mental illness are mediated by pre-education knowledge about and contact with severe mental illness. Eighty-three participants who were enrolled in either a course on severe mental illness or general psychology completed the Opinions about Mental Illness Questionnaire before beginning the course and at completion. Research participants also completed a pre-and posttest of knowledge about mental illness and a pretest on their contact with people who have severe mental illness. The education program had positive effects on some attitudes about mental illness. Interestingly, the effects of education group interacted with pre-education knowledge and contact and varied depending on attitude. Participants with more pre-education knowledge and contact were less likely to endorse benevolence attitudes after completing the education program. Participants with more intimate contact showed less improvement in attitudes about social restrictiveness. Implications of these augmentation and ceiling effects are discussed.  (+info)

Autonomy, liberalism and advance care planning. (2/50)

The justification for advance directives is grounded in the notion that they extend patient autonomy into future states of incompetency through patient participation in decision making about end-of-life care. Four objections challenge the necessity and sufficiency of individual autonomy, perceived to be a defining feature of liberal philosophical theory, as a basis of advance care planning. These objections are that the liberal concept of autonomy (i) implies a misconception of the individual self, (ii) entails the denial of values of social justice, (iii) does not account for justifiable acts of paternalism, and (iv) does not account for the importance of personal relationships in the advance care planning process. The last objection is especially pertinent in light of recent empirical research highlighting the importance of personal relationships in advance care planning. This article examines these four objections to autonomy, and the liberal theoretical framework with which it is associated, in order to re-evaluate the philosophical basis of advance care planning. We argue that liberal autonomy (i) is not a misconceived concept as critics assume, (ii) does not entail the denial of values of social justice, (iii) can account for justifiable acts of paternalism, though it (iv) is not the best account of the value of personal relationships that arise in advance care planning. In conclusion, we suggest that liberalism is a necessary component of a theoretical framework for advance care planning but that it needs to be supplemented with theories that focus explicitly on the significance of personal relationships.  (+info)

Pregnancy, autonomy and paternalism. (3/50)

Modern medicine is increasingly aware of the significance of patient autonomy in making treatment choices. This would seem to be particularly important where the therapy requested was "voluntary" as in fertility treatment or cosmetic surgery. However, the Hippocratic doctrine "Primum non nocere", seems especially relevant where the treatment sought may have a low chance of a successful outcome or even be life-threatening. Mrs A's case demonstrates the difficulty faced by the physician who wants to maximise her patient's autonomy, but "Above all, do no harm".  (+info)

At the coalface, but on the receiving end. (4/50)

In dealing with patients the doctor is very often paternalistic. No more so than when the patient is unable to help him--or herself. Modern technology allows people to be kept alive in "intensive care" where they often become an "object" at the centre of proceedings. Fortunately for them, most patients who survive intensive care cannot remember the experience though this does not mean that they were not suffering at the time. There is a strong case for explaining things as much as possible and for making practical procedures as tolerable as possible. The relatives and families of the seriously ill often have great difficulty in understanding what is happening to their loved ones and, in these situations, suffer a great deal of stress and foreboding regarding the ultimate outcome of their illness. The stress on the staff who may become "attached" to their patients often shows through as an indifferent attitude. Peter remembers three out of fourteen days in intensive care and Jane, his wife, remembers the whole experience. Here we tell our stories in the hope that they may help our medical and nursing colleagues to manage better the patients under their care in this situation.  (+info)

People and work: some contemporary issues. (5/50)

In advanced industrial societies social, economic, and technological changes are accompanied by changing values and attitudes to work, symptomatic of what some see as the transition to a post-industrial era. As a result existing job definitions and traditional forms of organization are being challenged and attempts made to restructure work so that it becomes meaningful and rewarding in the fullest sense, to the individual, to the enterprise, and to society. These range from programmes of job enlargement and job enrichment, within the framework of existing technologies, to experiments in the design of organizations as a whole in which fewer constraints are accepted as given. They entail and require a multidisciplinary approach as well as awareness of and commitment to the underlying values. The possibilities and benefits of restructuring work in these various ways have been demonstrated sufficiently to encourage interest at governmental level as well as by employers and trade unions. There are, however, no simple prescriptions or principles of universal application. Knowledge is still tentative and partial but there is consensus that the search for new ways of dealing with the organization of work and the allocation of resources is of fundamental importance.  (+info)

Prejudice, social distance, and familiarity with mental illness. (6/50)

In this study, the paths between two prejudicial attitudes (authoritarianism and benevolence) and a proxy measure of behavioral discrimination (social distance) were examined in a sample drawn from the general public. Moreover, the effects of two person variables (familiarity with mental illness and ethnicity) on prejudice were examined in the path analysis. One hundred fifty-one research participants completed measures of prejudice toward, social distance from, and familiarity with mental illness. Goodness-of-fit indexes from path analyses supported our hypotheses. Social distance is influenced by both kinds of prejudice: authoritarianism (the belief that persons with mental illness cannot care for themselves, so a paternalistic health system must do so) and benevolence (the belief that persons with mental illness are innocent and childlike). These forms of prejudice, in turn, are influenced by the believers' familiarity with mental illness and their ethnicity. We also discuss how these findings might contribute to a fuller understanding of mental illness stigma.  (+info)

Doctors' authoritarianism in end-of-life treatment decisions. A comparison between Russia, Sweden and Germany. (7/50)

OBJECTIVES: The study was performed in order to investigate how end-of-life decisions are influenced by cultural and sociopolitical circumstances and to explore the compliance of doctors with patient wishes. PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENT: Five hundred and thirty-five physicians were surveyed in Sweden (Umea), Germany (Rostock and Neubrandenburg), and in Russia (Arkhangelsk) by a questionnaire. The participants were recruited according to availability and are not representative. The questionnaire is based on the one developed by Molloy and co-workers in Canada which contains three case vignettes about an 82-year-old Alzheimer patient with an acute life-threatening condition; the questionnaire includes different levels of information about his treatment wishes. We have added various questions about attitudes determining doctors' decision making process (legal and ethical concerns, patient's and family wishes, hospital costs, patient's age and level of dementia and physician's religion). RESULTS: Swedish physicians chose fewer life-prolonging interventions as compared with the Russian and the German doctors. Swedish physicians would perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the event of a cardiac arrest less frequently, followed by the German doctors. More than half the Russian physicians decided to perform CPR irrespective of the available information about the patient's wishes. Level of dementia emerged as the most powerful determining attitude-variable for the decision making in all three countries. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of compliance with patient wishes among a substantial number of doctors points to the necessity of emphasising ethical aspects both in medical education and clinical practice. The inconsistency in the treatment decisions of doctors from different countries calls for social consensus in this matter.  (+info)

Of doctor-patient sex and assisted suicide. (8/50)

The ethical chapter of the Israel Medical Association has recently issued guidelines with regard to sexual relationships between doctors and patients or past patients. This paper juxtaposes the paternalistic and severe attitude to doctor-patient sex with the relaxation and individualization of decisions regarding doctors' involvement in assisted suicide, passive and active euthanasia. The discussion bears on our concepts of palliative care and our expectations from it.  (+info)

Authoritarian attitudes have been consistently linked to feelings of disgust, an emotion that is thought to have evolved to protect the organism from contamination. We hypothesized that body odour disgust sensitivity (BODS) might be associated with authoritarianism, as chemo-signalling is a primitive system for regulating interpersonal contact and disease avoidance, which are key features also in authoritarianism. We used well-validated scales for measuring BODS, authoritarianism and related constructs. Across two studies, we found that BODS is positively related to authoritarianism. In a third study, we showed a positive association between BODS scores and support for Donald Trump, who, at the time of data collection, was a presidential candidate with an agenda described as resonating with authoritarian attitudes. Authoritarianism fully explained the positive association between BODS and support for Donald Trump. Our findings highlight body odour disgust as a new and promising domain in ...
Populist Authoritarianism focuses on the Chinese Communist Party, which governs the worlds largest population in a single-party authoritarian state. Wenfang Tang attempts to explain the seemingly contradictory trends of the increasing number of protests on the one hand, and the results of public opinion surveys that consistently show strong government support on the other hand.
Turkeys most violent riots in decades may have been started by the destruction of a small Istanbul park, but they have exploded in a show of defiance at what many see as the creeping authoritarianism of Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan.. In power for more than a decade, Erdogans Islamist-rooted AK Party has increased its share of the vote in each of the past three elections, ushered in unprecedented political stability and overseen some of the fastest economic growth in Europe.. Now in his last term as prime minister, Erdogan is trying to leave his stamp on Turkey by recasting foreign policy, overhauling the constitution and even transforming the ancient Istanbul skyline.. But some, including former supporters, accuse him of growing increasingly authoritarian, muzzling the media, tightening his AK partys grip on state institutions and putting religion at the centre of politics in violation of Turkeys secular constitution.. If it were up to the prime minister, I would be wearing a head scarf, ...
The ongoing take over of Crimea by Russia, and its intense political campaigning to annul the results of the Kiev revolution, took most observers of international politics by surprise. Normally, one has not been considering Russia as a serious contender of the United States for hegemony, as a country with serious economic or military resources, or even as a country with a particularly serious ideology. American and European political science has for decades been busy with transitions to democracy and the evaluation of their relative successes (even though there is a recent shift toward the study of authoritarianism), and in International Relations, China seemed to be the only possible opponent to U.S. unilateral hegemony. European Studies examines the various neighborhood policies of the European Union, measuring their relative success in democratization. The U.S. and European leaders therefore reacted to the events in Russia and Ukraine with surprise: John Kerry spoke of Russias ...
This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Theses and Dissertations at Loyola eCommons. It has been accepted for inclusion in Masters Theses by an authorized administrator of Loyola eCommons. For more information, please contact [email protected] Recommended Citation Dubnicki, Carol, Relationships Among Therapist Empathy and Authoritarianism and a Therapists Prognosis (1975). Masters Theses. Loyola University of Chicago for their help in the preparation of this thesis. Thanks is also due to Dr. Arthur Johnson of Hines Veterans Administration Hospital for his helpful suggestions and to those 25 psychologists who served as subjects for this study.
The reaction to Westpac handing over Nicky Hagers data to police is still playing out. Rob Hosking observes a creeping authoritarianism from the current government.
Their uniting feature, however, is that both groups, however much state intervention they seem to desire, want to achieve their authoritarian impulse via social dominance. They want to change the culture so that that which they deem unthinkable is what everyone deems unthinkable, and thats an authoritarian impulse. They want call-outs. They want social shaming, sometimes on grand scales. They want serious real-world consequences, like no-platforming, blacklisting, firings, individual marginalization (to be distinguished from the marginalization of ideas), and perhaps even vigilante retributions (which may not actually include physical violence) in response to perceived deviations, often vastly in excess of any reasonable definition of justice. They want punishment, and they want to make examples of offenders. Thats an authoritarian impulse. Whether the state acts upon it or not, the mob, or as they would have it, the prevailing culture, can act just as (or more) effectively and with equal ...
The Authoritarian Personality_ involved a series of studies sponsored by the American Jewish Committee which were supposed to define a certain personality type which would be easily taken up with antidemocratic propaganda, in light of the tragedy and disaster that was the Third Reich. Scales were developed to assess Antisemitism, Political-Economic Conservativism (which amounted to support for laissez-faire capitalism), and Authoritarianism (the F (for Fascist) scale). Both the Antisemitism scale and the Political-Economic Conservativism scale involved predictable statements in which the subjects had to state their level of agreement with in order to achieve a score. The F scale, involved a series of statements which were designed to measure conventionalism, authoritarian submission, authoritarian aggression, anti-intraception (i.e. Opposition to the subjective, the imaginative, and the tender-minded.), superstition and stereotypy, power and toughness, destructiveness and cynicism, ...
At a CNN-hosted town hall debate, Donald Trump said that the US governments core focus should be on security (times three!), health care, and education. In spite of this vague, rambling answer, and much other blathering in support of big government, the real estate mogul has a large, intense following, which includes people on the right, the left, and even some paleoconservatives and libertarians.. In some ways, its understandable: if the normal process of politics revolts you in any way, the dream of anti-candidate Trump is sweet. The approval rating for the presidency in general is around 30 percent, according to Gallup. For Congress, its a stingy eight percent. People - or at least the people Gallup calls - do not seem terribly impressed by their elected officials.. Nor should they be. Powerful men and women spy, meddle, steal, and go to war, whether the people want them to or not, and then pat them on the head and coo euphemisms when people get upset with the results.. Into this travesty ...
The abhorrent conclusion of denying a person a dignified choice for dying is a necessary consequence of earlier decisions to automate decision-making (decision-makers can not make decisions contrary to the evidence) and to preserve social harmony (participates are obligated to cooperate, because there is no accountable human decision-maker). To allow big-data to save health-care, we…
For some of us, this was an expected result given the fact that illiberal democracies have become more the norm than the exception in many countries with different cultures and religions. Erdoğans authoritarianism is not a new type of political Islam and but old school nationalism combined with illiberal democracy, just like Putin in Russia and Modi in India. Erdoğans authoritarianism has nothing to do with Islam but uses religion supported by the ideology of Turkish nationalism. The main obstacles blocking Turkeys democratic path are set up by the founding paranoia of the state about its enemies outside and its distrust of ethnic minorities inside. This nationalist tradition has been ruling the country, both in the name of conservatism and religion. In practice, Erdoğan has been in power for the last 14 years and mastered the paranoia of inside and outside enemies by using nationalist and anti-western discourses. The referendum was about confidence in Erdoğan. One of the crucial ...
President Trump is facing a disillusioned Congress mired in group think and gridlock, a Congress hell-bent on impeaching President Trump based on fraud, a Congress following the United Nations replacement migration plan to a tee and plan to allow 600 million immigrants into the United States within forty years, thus doubling and rendering the native-born and legalized American population obsolete.. Basically, this would be the projected end of America as we know it. ...
Trump-bashing isnt a political stance - its a snooty mocking of white-trash America. To Brits who fancy themselves as cultured and sophisticated, Trump has become the ultimate white-trash symbol: an ill-speaking, junk-food-eating, language-coarsening dimwit of a man who has no right to meet out wonderful, pristine monarch or to walk a red carpet. Obamas wars and authoritarianism were forgivable because he was so handsome and charming. Trumps wars and authoritarianism, in contrast, are held up as threats to morality and decency because the kind of people who are most keen on Trump - rough and ugly Americans - are themselves seen as a threat to morality and decency ...
For too many in the chattering classes, the imaginary fascism of Donald Trump or Milo Yiannopoulos excuses the real-world censorship and intimidation practiced by the illiberal left.
The trial of prize-winning Turkish journalist Nedim Sener resumed today. His case, along with many others, are raising concerns about Turkey and its model democracy in the Middle East.
Since Brazils 2016 parliamentary coup detat, in which former president Dilma Rousseff was removed on a later-exonerated technicality, Brazils ultra-right-wing president Jair Bolsonaro has made every effort to destroy any remnants of the legacy left by the Brazilian Workers Party (PT).
Despite the ruling Islamist partys anti-democratic tendencies, Turkey may not suggest a linkage between political Islam and autocratic governance.
Extreme libertarians built blockchain to decentralize government and corporate power. It could consolidate their control instead.
You seemed to have been trying to tie authoritarianism to the Republicans exclusively rather than accurately portraying both parties as mostly authoritarian. EXC was just pointing out an example of Obamas authoritarian streak. Obama also has been delcaring that Republicans should stop their talking and get in line with him. Obamas rhetoric and some of his actions seem authoritarian. One suspects that you label the Republicans as authoritarian yet not the Democrats or Obama as a way to slur them and ignore some of the Democrats problems.. Using your definition of conservative: you think Obama is conservative because of how much he fights for tradition? Are you sure about that? Obama is keeping the status quo on torture and gay rights. I could see how he leans socially conservative on those areas. But then I can think of other areas in which he leans liberal on social issues (ie. abortion, gun control and affirmative action) I can not see how Obama is in any way a conservative on economic ...
Unfortunately, I didnt have enough space in the title to accurately describe the study lol. But this study claims authoritarian style mothers leads to depression and alochol use in their kids, whereas authoritarian fathers has the opposite effect. Quote New research published in Addictive Behavio...
The United Kingdoms Brexit plans continue to lurch from crisis to crisis.. The real problem is Brexit itself, and it has implications for all of us, Professor Robert Patman says.. In the latest Global Insight, the University of Otago international relations specialist examines apparent illegal activities around the original referendum.. Among other concerns, Brexit appears to have been the template for Russian collusion with the Trump election campaign in the United States, Prof Patman says.. British democracy is in crisis, he says.. Once the independent rule of law is eroded for partisan reasons, then you are opening the door to authoritarian rule.. Prof Patman is calling on Prime Minister Ardern, and leaders of other liberal democracies, to speak directly and clearly to the British government about these concerns.. If we dont want to see the rise of authoritarianism, then we need to speak out.. ...
Authoritarianism, populism, and nationalism have dominated the headlines in recent years. From India to the United States and across the European continent, this triad threatens the predominant liberal democratic order, both domestically and internationally. All three are closely intertwined. Both nationalists and populists claim ownership over the authentic will of the people, using it to frame their campaigns around overly simplistic narratives that pit the people (often ethnically defined natives) against a globalist, out-of-touch elite.. But tropes like the will of the people tend be far more narrowly defined than their label implies, clashing with a much broader public perspective and forcing populist and nationalist politicians to adopt authoritarian methods to capture and maintain power. Far-right parties and most populists have traditionally been Euroskeptic, rejecting the European Union and opposing further integration inside its institutions.. Nationalism, populism, and ...
Abstract Abstract:. How do authoritarian leaders insulate their regimes from the contagion effects generated by cross-national waves of popular protest? This article compares the strategies of leaders in four authoritarian regimes-Azerbaijan, China, Russia, and Saudi Arabia-and their responses to the color revolutions and the Arab uprisings. This comparison reveals that these countries have developed an elaborate and similar toolkit to defend the authoritarian status quo and that vigilant autocrats take preemptive measures even when popular uprisings erupt in geographically distant regions or within very different political systems.. ...
Content areas: achievement, achievement motivation, anomia and alienation, aspirations, assimilation, authoritarianism, authority, cohesion, complex organizations, conformity and deviance, consensus, crime and delinquency, informal relations, innovation and diffusion, interests, ethnocentrism, intergroup relations (including discrimination and stereotypes), job satisfaction and morale, leadership, occupational roles, small groups, social mobility, social participation, socioeconomic status (includes occupational ratings, prestige), status concern, and status consistency. Also includes community, marital adjustment and courtship, education, family, health, marital and family roles, mental abilities, neighborhood, social norms, personal adjustment, personality, political attitudes and behavior, religion, self image, societal characteristics, urban areas, and values. ...
From a strictly stylistic point view, Fosters anthropomorphic discourse concerning the principle of autonomy, to which most of the time he refers as a real being, is notable. However, problems arise as many times the reader might have the impression that far from being a mere literary device, this anthropomorphic way of writing seems manipulative, a problem which increases as soon as these formal questions are connected to issues concerning the books essence. It is not only that the authors discourse can be perceived as unidirectional, as he continuously presents autonomy as a being with authoritarianism, egocentric or dictatorship manners (autonomy is for example described as ruthless, fat and [*794] brutal in power), while the other contenders for a voice are always described as humble, positive and just looking for their place without pretending to monopolize the bio-legal debate. The really problematic question is that the reader would probably expect much more evidence and ...
I fell in love with the idea immediately and have cherished and brooded over it ever since. That spontaneous response in me has something to do with my particular background, which is part of a larger pattern I see almost everywhere I turn in the Church and in society these days. So, at the risk of being too self-referential, let me explain a little.. The formation of my soul involved a large element of authoritarianism in various guises and modes. There was sternness and staunchness in my upbringing; many rules, demands and expectations, and too little in the way of affection, closeness, and encouragement. I grew up good, morally and religiously, but shy and insecure, full of anxiety, self-doubt, and self-reproach.. The friendship of evangelicals in my adolescence-the consciously personal and affective character of their spirituality-and then later, the warmth and liveliness of the religious atmosphere of my alma mater, saved me. Most importantly, I learned, slowly and spastically, to ...
I fell in love with the idea immediately and have cherished and brooded over it ever since. That spontaneous response in me has something to do with my particular background, which is part of a larger pattern I see almost everywhere I turn in the Church and in society these days. So, at the risk of being too self-referential, let me explain a little.. The formation of my soul involved a large element of authoritarianism in various guises and modes. There was sternness and staunchness in my upbringing; many rules, demands and expectations, and too little in the way of affection, closeness, and encouragement. I grew up good, morally and religiously, but shy and insecure, full of anxiety, self-doubt, and self-reproach.. The friendship of evangelicals in my adolescence-the consciously personal and affective character of their spirituality-and then later, the warmth and liveliness of the religious atmosphere of my alma mater, saved me. Most importantly, I learned, slowly and spastically, to ...
By Marcelo Cavarozzi. From the Introduction. One of the consequences of the intensifying of authoritarianism from the mid-1960s onwards was that both reversions to a party-controlled democratic government were made against the will of the military, rather than under its protective tutelage. Hence, the installation of civilian regimes in 1973 and 1983 were the culminations of open confrontations between the collapsing military regimes and the oppositions of the time. The confrontational style of politics that prevailed during the transitions could have hardly been avoided. Although each one of the last presidents of both dictatorships, General Lanusse and Bignone respectively had been explicity appointed to administer the liquidation of military rule, the armed forces made last-minute efforts to determine who their successors would be, or at least to impose restrictions upon them. Although the military failed to achieve those objectives, military intransigence acted as a catalyst for significant ...
Fahrenheit 451 is perhaps his most successful book-length narrative. An indictment of authoritarianism, it portrays a book-burning America of the near future, its central character a so-called fireman, whose job is to light the bonfires. (The title refers to the temperature at which paper ignites.) Some critics compared it favorably to George Orwells 1984. François Truffaut adapted the book for a well-received movie in 1966 starring Oskar Werner and Julie Christie. As Mr. Bradburys reputation grew, he found new outlets for his talents. He wrote the screenplay for John Hustons 1956 film version of Moby-Dick, scripts for the television series Alfred Hitchcock Presents and collections of poetry and plays. ...
The three contradictions (Pakistan=Islam+Urdu, civil-military establishment, role of Islam in public sphere)...provide a three-part structure to this book....This thematic framework is intended to enhance our understanding of the Pakistan Paradox. Indeed, so far, none of the consubstantial contradictions of Pakistan mentioned above have had the power to destroy the country. In spite of chronic instability that they have created, Pakistan continues to show remarkable resilience. This can only be understood if one makes the effort to grasp the complexity of a country that is often caricatured. This is the reason why all sides of the three tensions around which this book is organized must be considered together: the centrifugal forces at work in Pakistan and those resisting them on behalf of Pakistan nationalism and provincial autonomy; the culture of authoritarianism and the resources for democracy; the Islamist agenda, and those who are fighting it on behalf of secularism or Muslimhood a ...
For a long while we have not had an exactly stated policy on building a public image. We have just been ourselves and done our jobs and hoped somebody would catch on. This is basically what protected us. And we should keep doing it.. But the time has come to also build a public image as an outflow publicity action.. The image is:. SCIENTOLOGISTS ARE THE PEOPLE WHO ARE CLEANING UP THE FIELD OF MENTAL HEALING AND EFFECTIVELY HANDLING MENTAL HEALTH ON THE PLANET.. Note that it is dual. We will handle the first part of it first, cleaning up the field of mental healing. It is a dirty, inhuman, rotten field, full of graft, misappropriation, phony authoritarianism and betrayal. Because it is like this we get a backflash from it. We are the only ones in it who have clean hands and effective technology. So we have no choice but to NOISILY clean it up. That builds that much of the image. By uniting with other civic, humanitarian, and civil- and human-rights groups we can make an organized ...
Mr Cameron said, let us be proud that this is a Christian country, where we stand for the freedom to practise your faith, and where we stand up for Christians and all those who are persecuted anywhere in our world.. He went on to visit a Sikh temple in Kent, to mark the Vaisakhi festival, and told people there: Im proud to be the first prime minister to host a Vaisakhi reception at Number 10.. In January this year, the Lib Dem leader Nick Clegg said that free speech has to be for everyone if it is to mean anything, as he warned against knee-jerk authoritarianism in the wake of the terrorist attacks in France. ...
When a public body says it is to carry out a consultation exercise, what does that suggest to you? Naively, I once believed that it involved asking people what they thought about a particular policy, setting out all the facts in an objective fashion, and if those likely to be affected did not like what they saw to drop or modify the original plan. It turns out, however, to mean nothing of the sort.. Ask the people of Southampton and its environs in south-west Hampshire. They have just been the subject of a consultation on whether to add fluoride to their water supply. There were 10,000 responses, 78 per cent of which were opposed. The local health authority carried out a telephone poll, which also showed a majority against. But it is going ahead anyway. Not only is this an affront to any concept of local decision-making, it is a breathtaking piece of social authoritarianism. Whether or not fluoride helps reduce tooth decay is irrelevant. Medication should not be added to the water supply; and ...
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And if you still think this is another manifestation of Chinas authoritarianism, just using safety as a pretext, you might like to bear in mind that the US authorities have required drone owners to register their machines for over a year. However, those regulations have just been struck down by a federal court in Washington, D.C., and its not clear what the FAA will now do. Perhaps more interesting than arguing about Chinas real motives here, is information in the South China Morning Post story about who is using this technology in China: ...
Young people in particular, says Giroux, no longer see much hope in such an unfair society with its ethos of greed. The mall and the prison he writes, have become the preeminent institutions for symbolizing what the future hold for them as they suffer the soft war of commodification or the hard war of hyper-punishment and possible incarceration. This marginalisation of youth can be seen in in any city and town in New Zealand. The belief in the common good with its shared social bonds, established after the Great Depression (in America by Roosevelts New Deal by the Welfare State established (and at the same time by the first Labour Government in New Zealand) have been replaced by rampant selfish individualism. In response, around the world, young people are taking things into their own hands (the 99%) demonstrating against this creeping authoritarianism - about the pernicious effect of corporate influence in all aspects of life.﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽﻽ ...
Republicans embrace presidential authoritarianism, continuing a foul bipartisan tradition of legislating immigration through the executive branch.
Repression. You are likely to have repressed some experiences from the first years of life associated with authoritarianism in your behavior, a need to dominate and a propensity for bad intentions. If you chose the portrait of this teacher may have repressed some offensive or demeaning to other behaviors in your unconscious.. Denial. You are likely to be a completely harmless and peaceful creature, always ready to help others. If you are an office worker, your superiors may find it difficult to handle you. When you do not want to do something, you create barriers (for example, getting late to work or showing that you are in a bad mood). Often, when you have to defend yourself, you choose passive resistance and defiance, which in the long term exhaust those who created problems for you.. ...
At issue, in Ellisons time and today, is the degree to which any individual voice is allowed to express himself. And Ellison rightly resented any force that would stifle this, whether it be the lingering dregs of Southern slavery telling the African-American how he must act or who he must be in telling his story as well as the myopic critics who would gainsay any voice by way of their boxlike assumptions about other Americans. One sees this unthinking lurch towards authoritarianism today with such white supremacists as Jonathan Franzen, Lionel Shriver, and the many Brooklyn novelists who, despite setting their works in gentrified neighborhoods still prominently populated by African-Americans, fail to include, much less humanize, black people who still live there. White supremacist may seem like a harshly provocative label for any bumbling white writer who lacks the democratic bonhomie to leave the house and talk with other people and consider that those who do not share his skin color may ...
At issue, in Ellisons time and today, is the degree to which any individual voice is allowed to express himself. And Ellison rightly resented any force that would stifle this, whether it be the lingering dregs of Southern slavery telling the African-American how he must act or who he must be in telling his story as well as the myopic critics who would gainsay any voice by way of their boxlike assumptions about other Americans. One sees this unthinking lurch towards authoritarianism today with such white supremacists as Jonathan Franzen, Lionel Shriver, and the many Brooklyn novelists who, despite setting their works in gentrified neighborhoods still prominently populated by African-Americans, fail to include, much less humanize, black people who still live there. White supremacist may seem like a harshly provocative label for any bumbling white writer who lacks the democratic bonhomie to leave the house and talk with other people and consider that those who do not share his skin color may ...
This past June, Karen Hobert Flynn was appointed as the tenth president of Common Cause, the nonpartisan government accountability advocacy group founded in 1970. Hobert Flynn has been involved in Common Cause for more than 25 years and has delved into reform efforts in a number of areas ranging from political money and democracy to voting rights. She headed up the groups Connecticut office for more than a decade and helped implement one of the strongest state campaign-finance reform laws in the country. The American Prospect sat down with her to talk about her new role and her thoughts on the issues confronting our democracy today. This is an edited and condensed version of our conversation. Jennifer Baik: We are at a pivotal moment in our history where the United States could creep into authoritarianism, continue on our current trajectory, or move in a more progressive direction. How would you characterize the historical moment?. Karen Hobert Flynn: I have never seen-in the 30-plus years Ive ...
The qualitative research revealed important gaps in voters basic understanding of U.S. foreign policy objectives and widespread confusion about what the nation is trying to achieve in the world. Voters in focus groups did not see an overarching principle, rationale, or clear set of goals in U.S. foreign policy. Questions emerged along the lines of: Why are we in the Middle East and not dealing with Russia and China? What exactly did we gain from years of war in Iraq and Afghanistan? Why cant we balance our economic dealings with other countries to better benefit U.S. workers and businesses? Several participants wondered why the United States does not have a plan for economic and political success in the world like they perceive China and other competitors do.. Likewise, traditional language from foreign policy experts about fighting authoritarianism and dictatorship, promoting democracy, or working with allies and the international community uniformly fell flat with voters in our groups. ...
Journalism (real and fake) and the fate of democracy (its truths and post-truths) have suddenly become a hot topic around the world. A veritable political and media storm has social critics and pundits perplexed as to how to explain many of todays political events. The storm has spread out from the unexpected results of the American presidential elections along with the return of right-wing populism, and the subsequent series of attacks on Immigrants, DACA, LGBTI, and many other vulnerable communities. It comes with a return of ethnic nationalism and the Brexit referendum, a new Cold War, and the globally publicized impeachment (constitutional coup) of the President of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff. These examples are not simply a shift toward right-wing authoritarianism, bigger big business, militarization, or the scapegoating of minorities, but in many instances the fabulous denial of social facts journalists, politicians and social scientists are expected to trust in order to carry out their ...
Government responsiveness, which I define as the capacity and will to respond to major challenges, is the fifth dimension or principle of modern government. A number of observers, ranging from Samuel Huntington to Robert Kaplan, have advanced variations of the argument that what many countries need more than democracy is stability.9 They dont need political voice so much as they need economic investment and a functioning system of law and order. They need governments that can get things done. Kaplan has argued that benign dictatorships are often better than democracies at maintaining quiescence, undertaking unpopular reforms, keeping labor in check, and so on. Accepting for the moment that this may sometimes be true, democracies cannot be permeable to authoritarianism. Along this dimension, permeability does not enhance the democratic project; it fundamentally undermines it.. Beyond that, the threat to government responsiveness seems now to be located elsewhere: not in the inefficiency of ...
Turkey has defeated a coup - and unleashed a violent mob. In standing up to their military the Turkish people have at last broken with the past and tamed the army - but at what price?. Exactly who orchestrated the coup remains unclear. And, as usual in Turkey, conspiracy theories abound. While the government points the finger at the Pennsylvania-based Islamic cleric Fetullah Gülen, whom Erdoğan accused of attempting to oust him with a corruption scandal in December 2013, others believe the president himself stage-managed it all to consolidate his power by quashing the military for good.. According to this theory, Erdoğan now has a cast-iron excuse for future authoritarianism, having established himself as the countrys undisputed guardian of popular rule - after all, the coup failed after his supporters responded to his call to take to the streets. I dont share this view. A better theory is that Friday was a last-ditch attempt by factions of the army desperate to remove Erdoğan before he ...
Turkey has defeated a coup - and unleashed a violent mob. In standing up to their military the Turkish people have at last broken with the past and tamed the army - but at what price?. Exactly who orchestrated the coup remains unclear. And, as usual in Turkey, conspiracy theories abound. While the government points the finger at the Pennsylvania-based Islamic cleric Fetullah Gülen, whom Erdoğan accused of attempting to oust him with a corruption scandal in December 2013, others believe the president himself stage-managed it all to consolidate his power by quashing the military for good.. According to this theory, Erdoğan now has a cast-iron excuse for future authoritarianism, having established himself as the countrys undisputed guardian of popular rule - after all, the coup failed after his supporters responded to his call to take to the streets. I dont share this view. A better theory is that Friday was a last-ditch attempt by factions of the army desperate to remove Erdoğan before he ...
This paper reports original data on contentious challenges, especially protests, focused on human rights in seven Latin American countries from 1981 to 1995. An analysis reveals that human rights contentious challenges are most prevalent where human rights abuses are worse and authoritarianism is present and in countries that are more urbanized. However, the incidence of such human rights contentious challenges is not related to the number of human rights organizations in the country. Results also suggest two different types of human (...) rights contention. National human rights movements, present in Argentina and Guatemala, involved HROs and demanded improvements in the national human rights situation. The other form is ancillary human rights protest, in which human rights challenges are led by a variety of groups, focus on repression particular to the groups involved and are either short-lived or part of a more general wave of opposition. This form of contention was more prevalent in Brazil, ...
Events in Egypt - where so far things have not deteriorated to the levels of carnage now seen in Iraq or Syria - have not reached their conclusion, perhaps not even their mid-point. Islamic-style authoritarianism is the dominant characteristic of governance shared by both the military and the Muslim Brotherhood, theocrats and non-theocrats: one or the other must be dominant. They cannot share power. There will be no coalition government or government of national unity. One side or the other must come out on top after the bloodletting is done (which could be a long time indeed). Neither will there be anything approaching genuine liberal democratic civil society in Egypt for possibly an even longer time. The foundational building blocks of civil society-individual liberty, freedom of belief and speech, genuine universal equality before the law, citizens participation in their own governance that goes beyond a mere ballot box exercise-are simply not there and cannot develop there as long as so ...
August Coffee: Richard Ward (Psychaitry), Glimpses of Modern China. August Lunch: Darryl Neill (Psychology), What does neuroscience say about the requirements for success in our society?. July Coffee: James Rilling (Anthropology), Comparative Higher Primate Neuroimaging and Human Brain Evolution. July Lunch: James Keller (School of Medicine), University Senate & Faculty Council Report. June Breakfast: Alexander Duncan (School of Medicine), Health & the Human Body. June Lunch: Merrily Baird (Author & Retired CIA Officer), Japan: Empire of Signs. May Breakfast: John Bugge (English), The Canterbury Tales: Chaucers Epic Satire. May Lunch: Ron Johnson (Chemistry), Refugee Matters. April Breakfast: Richard Williamon (Physics, Planetarium), Hot Topics and Cool Discoveries in Astronomy. March Lunch: Gretchen Schulz (English, Oxford), Desdemona Down Through the Ages. March Breakfast: Ron Frank (Business), Singapores Soft Authoritarianism. February Lunch: Robin Forman (Emory College Dean), Emory ...
Persistent Authoritarianism and the Future of Democracy in Africa. Chapter 7 in Brown, Nathan (ed.) Democratization: Doubt, ... Why Do Opposition Boycott Elections? Chapter 9 in Schedler, Andreas (ed.) Electoral Authoritarianism. Boulder C.O.: Lynne ... Sustaining and Subverting Electoral Authoritarianism. Oxford University Press. pp. 168-. ISBN 978-0-19-968032-0. WorldCat ...
Varol, Ozan (April 24, 2014). "Stealth Authoritarianism". Iowa Law Review. 100 (1673): 70. SSRN 2428965. Varol, Ozan (April 30 ...
Watson, Jini Kim (2011). "Authoritarianism, Cosmopolitanism, Allegory". Ariel: A Review of International English Literature. 42 ... The Guises of Authoritarianism in Our Twisted Hero Picture of Yi Mun-yol Yi Mun-yol at IMDb Buak Literary Center. Pages 30-36. ... the tension between authoritarianism and liberalism (exemplified by Son of Man and Our Twisted Hero ) and between ...
"Islam and Authoritarianism." World Politics 55, 1 (October 2002): 4-37. "Mongolia: Democracy without Prerequisites." Journal of ... His research interests include democracy, authoritarianism, postcommunist countries, legislatures and constitutional systems, ...
Authoritarianism and Democratization. Soldiers and Workers in Argentina, 1976-83 (Penn State University Press, 1998). La ...
Authoritarianism Goes Global. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2016. p. 180. "Dubious Broadcast 'Experts' Seen on ...
ISBN 978-0-7486-3735-5. Waring, Alan (30 March 2019). The New Authoritarianism. BoD - Books on Demand. ISBN 978-3-8382-1263-0. ... citing the Freedom Party's alleged nationalism and authoritarianism. The cabinet construed the sanctions against it as directed ...
... competitive authoritarianism, or soft authoritarianism. The term illiberal democracy was used by Fareed Zakaria in a regularly ... 2006). Electoral Authoritarianism: The Dynamics of Unfree Competition. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-58826 ... Politics portal Authoritarianism Constitutional liberalism Criticism of democracy Democratic backsliding Defective democracy ... In these cases, elections and other democratic institutions are simply adapted patterns of authoritarianism, not democracy in ...
Kurlantzick, Joshua; Perry Link (2009). "China's Modern Authoritarianism". Wall Street Journal. Brady, Anne-Marie (2008). ...
Authoritarianism in Syria. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1999. Print. Heydemann, Steven. Authoritarianism in Syria. Ithaca: Cornell UP, ... Authoritarianism in Syria. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1999. Print. Pg.110 Heydemann, Steven. ...
Feldman, Noah (2018). "On "It can't happen here"". In Sunstein, Cass R. (ed.). Can It Happen Here?: Authoritarianism in America ...
Gertjan Plets (2019). "Exceptions to Authoritarianism? Variegated sovereignty and ethno-nationalism in a Siberian resource ...
Shils, Edward (1954). "Authoritarianism: "Right" and "Left"". In Christie, Richard; Jahoda, Marie (eds.). Studies in the Scope ... see Left-Wing Authoritarianism) Christie (1956) attributed Coulter's findings to sampling fluctuation, pointing out the ... Rubenstein G (1996). "Two peoples in one land: A validation study of Altemeyer's Right-Wing Authoritarianism Scale in the ... A central idea of The Authoritarian Personality is that authoritarianism is the result of a Freudian developmental model. ...
Friedman, Rafael (2017-05-23). "Authoritarianism in Zambia". Helen Suzman Foundation. Retrieved 2021-02-16. v t e. ...
". "Authoritarianism on Way". "Global Warming is Scam for Power". "Was Democratic Peace Killed? Part VI". "Archived copy". ...
"Constitution-Making and Authoritarianism in Venezuela: The First Time as Tragedy, the Second as Farce". In Mark A. Graber; ... "Stealth Authoritarianism in Turkey". In Mark A. Graber; Sanford Levinson; Mark V. Tushnet (eds.). Constitutional Democracy in ... Scholar Ozan Varol writes that Erdoğan engaged in a form of "stealth authoritarianism" that incrementally increased pressure on ... Bieber, Florian (2019). The Rise of Authoritarianism in the Western Balkans. Springer Nature. ISBN 978-3-030-22149-2. "The ...
... the rise of authoritarianism; the rise of an Islamist state; Pakistan's possible breakup and Pakistan after a major war with ...
Faludy, Alexander (5 October 2018). "Hungary's slide to authoritarianism". Church Times. https://www.thestar.com/comment/ ...
Faludy, Alexander (5 October 2018). "Hungary's slide to authoritarianism". Church Times. Comerford, C.; Veash, N. (26 August ...
Sithole, Masipula (2001). "Fighting Authoritarianism in Zimbabwe". Journal of Democracy. 2 (1): 160-169. doi:10.1353/jod. ...
Stenner asserts that authoritarianism is distinct from conservatism: people who are inclined towards authoritarianism are ... Authoritarianism can thus be thought of as aversion to difference across space, whereas conservatism is aversion to difference ... "If authoritarianism is concerned with sacrificing individual freedom and diversity to group authority and conformity, and if ... According to Stenner, authoritarianism is primarily the result of cognitive inhibitions and personality factors which ...
As of 2020, authoritarianism and populism are on the rise around the world, with the number of people living in democracies ... "What's Driving the Rise of Authoritarianism and Populism in Europe and Beyond?". www.worldpoliticsreview.com. Retrieved 26 ... Compare: Un, Kheang (2019). Cambodia: Return to Authoritarianism. Elements in Politics and Society in Southeast Asia. Cambridge ... and the grip of authoritarianism through 'social contracts' that enshrine the rights of the citizens, curtail the power of the ...
ISBN 978-0-7146-5226-9. Melvin, Neil J. (30 May 2000). Uzbekistan: Transition to Authoritarianism. Taylor & Francis. p. 55. ...
A 2018 study found that the relationship between oil and authoritarianism primarily holds after the end of the Cold War; the ... Research by Stephen Haber and Victor Menaldo found that increases in natural resource reliance do not induce authoritarianism, ... A 2016 study challenges the conventional academic wisdom on the relationship between oil and authoritarianism. Other forms of ... Haber, Stephen; Menaldo, Victor (2011). "Do natural resources fuel authoritarianism? A reappraisal of the resource curse". ...
Paul Lendvai (2012). Hungary: Between Democracy and Authoritarianism. Hurst Publishers. p. 189. ISBN 978-1-84904-196-6. "2010 ...
Albrecht, H (2005). "How can opposition support authoritarianism? Lessons from Egypt". Democratization. 12 (3): 378-397. doi: ...
Levitski, Steven; Way, Lucan (April 2002). "The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism". Journal of Democracy. 13 (2): 51-65. doi ...
Arat, Yeşim; Pamuk, Şevket (2019). Turkey Between Democracy and Authoritarianism. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521- ...
Selected Essays on Authoritarianism and Democratization. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. Bastian, Sunil; Luckham, ... Defective Democracy and Electoral Authoritarianism". Democratization. 16 (2). Merkel (2004)p.49 Fareed, Zakaria (1997). "The ... Defective Democracy and Electoral Authoritarianism". Democratization. 16 (2). Kaplan, David (October 1980). "The South African ...
Taub, Amanda (March 1, 2016). "The rise of American authoritarianism". Vox. Vox Media. Archived from the original on March 29, ...
Anti-authoritarianism is opposition to authoritarianism, which is defined as "a form of social organisation characterised by ... Anti-authoritarianism has also been associated with countercultural and bohemian movements. In the 1950s, the Beat Generation ... Anarchist historian George Woodcock report of Mikhail Bakunins anti-authoritarianism and shows opposition to both state and ... there was a strong sense of anti-authoritarianism based on anti-fascism in Europe. This was attributed to the active resistance ...
Transnational authoritarianism represents any effort to prevent acts of political dissent against an authoritarian state by ... A recent Freedom House report details the extensive use of transnational authoritarianism by a rising number of countries acoss ... Sociologist Dana M. Moss has argued for a typology of transnational authoritarianism, as described in the next section. Tansey ... From Public Diplomacy to Transnational Authoritarianism". Middle East Critique. 29 (3): 319-334. doi:10.1080/19436149.2020. ...
Comparison of Democracy, Authoritarianism, and Totalitarianism Democracy Authoritarianism Totalitarianism SOURCE: Courtesy of ... Types of Authoritarianism. There are as many variations of authoritarianism as there are of democracy. The three main forms, ... Authoritarianism International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences COPYRIGHT 2008 Thomson Gale. Authoritarianism. DEFINING ... DEFINING FEATURES OF AUTHORITARIANISM. Defining features of authoritarianism include the existence of a single leader or small ...
Violence is the whole essence of authoritarianism, just as the repudiation of violence is the whole essence of anarchism. * ... However sugarcoated and ambiguous, every form of authoritarianism must start with a belief in some groups greater right to ... Growth of Authoritarianism in America. *"Are we entering the age of the autocrat?" by Francis Fukuyama, in The Washington Post ... Most fundamentally, I would see Anarchism as a synonym for anti-authoritarianism. *John Zerzan, in Running on Emptiness: The ...
One case that has fueled fears of authoritarianism is that of two investigative reporters who were indicted as part of an ... Critics say that such cases are evidence that Turkey is sliding toward authoritarianism, even as it is lauded by Western ...
Energy And Authoritarianism. in Resource Crisis - by Richard Heinberg - September 27, 2017 ... Could declining world energy result in a turn toward authoritarianism by governments around the world? As we will see, there is ... The Anthropology and History of Authoritarianism and Democracy. It is often asserted that democracy began in ancient Greece. ... How could nations in the "democracy" or "flawed democracy" categories resist a tendency to slide toward authoritarianism? It ...
Cryptocurrency Might be a Path to Authoritarianism. Extreme libertarians built blockchain to decentralize government and ...
All about Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics by weilerjonathand. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social ... Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics. by weilerjonathand. Members. Reviews. Popularity. Average rating. ...
How Authoritarianism Short-Circuits the Lizard Brain. The GOPs slavish groveling overrides - for once - its basic instinct for ... What accounts for this astonishing behavior? I have written before about American conservatives authoritarianism, a trait that ... The transcendent power of authoritarianism over immature minds can explain otherwise baffling incidents in history. Why did ...
authoritarianism. 2009 H1N1 Vaccine Caused Brain Damage in Children. Dr. Anthony Fauci on "Vaccine Safety" Issues By Prof ...
... Find out what POTUS can do to step up and protect the country. Jon Bowne ... The only way to counter the crazed authoritarianism of the left and others in Congress is to unleash old laws on the books, ...
Why is authoritarianism on the rise?. Because, per the 10th comment, the current elites have failed and failed comprehensively ... Why is authoritarianism on the rise?. by Tyler Cowen April 4, 2017 at 2:57 am in *Current Affairs ... The talk of "authoritarianism on the rise" is too fluffy. You can assign anyone you dont like as "authoritarian" to discredit ... At least "authoritarianism" means something. Is Hilary Clinton elite while Trump is not? Is Angela Merkel elite but not Xi ...
Montreal will give a talk on Is Erdogans Turkey Sliding into Authoritarianism? in which he will report back from an ... https://www.concordia.ca/content/shared/en/events/main/2017/03/23/is-erdogan-s-turkey-sliding-into-authoritarianism-.html ...
Simmering anger at Erdogans authoritarianism boils over in Turkey. By Ayla Jean Yackley ... but they have exploded in a show of defiance at what many see as the creeping authoritarianism of Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan ...
On the evening of July 15, 2016, the inhabitants of Ankara and Istanbul left their dinner tables in panic and rushed to their windows and balconies. What they saw was shocking and surreal, if not apocalyptic: tanks closing the Bosphorus bridge in
Chinas Communist Party abolishes constitutional limits on presidential terms, clearing the way for President Xi Jinping to lead indefinitely and ending U.S. hopes for liberal change in China.
The recent unlawful detention of a journalist and politician is the latest in a series of moves by Muhammadu Buharis administration that weaken the rule of law.
Is Hong Kong Separate to China? Five Instances That Show Beijings Creeping Authoritarianism. ...
The Effect of Socio-economic Status on Authoritarianism in DOAJ. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access ... But it is noteworthy to say that the relationship between base and authoritarianism is not direct and leads to authoritarianism ... Authoritarianism Scale items were composed of 9 items derived from well-known scales measuring these variables. In this study, ... It should be noted that this is the first experimental research on the authoritarianism problem in Iranian society and there is ...
My first known ancestor in the Americas was an Ashanti woman called "the African." We dont know her name, but through records kept by slaveholders, we know she existed.. We know she was transported to Jamaica, where my known lineage began. These records of property bought and sold were a form of surveillance at the time. Early technologies, and the policies and practices that undergird them, were forged to separate the citizen from the slave. The slave passes, branding, and lantern laws of then have become the cellphone trackers, facial recognition software, and body-worn police cameras of now. Their mission, however, hasnt changed much-to catch and control black dissidence-only now theyre doing so in a digital age.. These technologies have been incorporated into the law enforcement process at every level, from predictive algorithms for assessing pre-trial risk and criminal activity to widely adopted police technologies that face little to no oversight. These technologies-including cell-site ...
... the diffusion of authoritarianism in Latin America. [Kurt Gerhard Weyland] -- Why did so many Latin American leftists believe ... Authoritarianism--Latin America--History--20th century a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Authoritarianism--Latin America-- ... Authoritarianism a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Authoritarianism"@en ;. . ... Authoritarianism -- Latin America -- History -- 20th century. * Right and left (Political science) -- Latin America -- History ...
From Democratization to the Restoration of Authoritarianism. Chapter:. (p.202) 8 Egypt. Source:. Islam and Democracy after the ... Keywords: Egyptian politics, Egypt, democratization, democracy, Arab autocracy, authoritarianism, Arab Spring, uprising, ...
Feminist blogger Kellie-Jay Keen-Minshull raised £700 to put up a billboard in Liverpool with a message defining a "woman" as an "adult human female"-in other words, a person with two "x" chromosomes. As this is the biological, dictionary definition of a female, you might wonder why this would be remotely controversial. But Dr. Adrian Harrop, a male transgender activist, recently complained to the billboard company that the sign would make trans people feel "unsafe," so they took it down. He doesnt call the sign inaccurate, but believes its a dog whistle to transphobes.. Harrops concern is that the biological definition doesnt include transgender women. He defines a woman as "a person who identifies as a woman," and believes that the dictionary definitions not "appropriate in a modern and progressive society." Not being appropriate in the U.K. today often means its illegal, as evidenced by London mayor Sadiq Khans banning of an advertisement featuring a fit woman in a bikini, which he ...
Comments are closed · Topics: authoritarianism, book, Ellen Hinsey, EU, Europe, European Union, illiberalism, Mastering the ... Comments are closed · Topics: authoritarianism, Crimea, democracy, Europe, European Union, revolution, Russia, Soviet Union ... Comments are closed · Topics: acclamation, Adorno, authoritarianism, culture, Ernst Bloch, ethics, gullibility, introduction, ... Comments are closed · Topics: authoritarianism, book competition, Eastern Europe, Ellen Hinsey, Europe, fascism, illiberalism, ...
Keresés a következőre authoritarianism. Keresés szűkítése Találatok száma oldalanként:. 15. 25. 50. 75. 100. ... Authoritarianism Genetic engineering, Infertility, Liver cancer, Cerebral edema. Müvészet Spir (17.07.2012) - ISBN-13: 978-620- ... Authoritarianism Institution, Authority, Individualism, Democracy, Elite, Political party. Történelem Dict (27.12.2011) - ISBN- ... Persistence of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: International Politics, Civil Society, and Democracy in Palestine ...
Anatomy of Authoritarianism in Turkey`s Example: Complexities, Peculiarities and New Challenges. ... s regime has transformed towards authoritarianism? How did Erdogan and his party (AKP) employ promises of democratization for ...
Beware the Rise of Left-Wing Authoritarianism. For too many in the chattering classes, the imaginary fascism of Donald Trump or ...
She offers a critique of authoritarianism as it stands now in our society, and elucidates the changes in thinking needed to ... Diana Alstad discusses how authoritarianism can undermine the fabric of democracy. ... She talks about mental authoritarianism. Good start. And strongly intimates that it leads to political authoritarianism. Good ... age-old authoritarianism. This social virus of mental authoritarianism is concealed and deeply embedded in values, beliefs, ...
Authoritarianism Is Not A Gadget, Its A State Of Mind. Authoritarianism Is Not A Gadget, Its A State Of Mind Op-Eds and ... Authoritarianism is not a gadget, it is a state of mind. Singleton is a lawyer and senior analyst with the Competitive ...
Rethinking the relationship between democracy and development in the context of East Africas successful authoritarianism... ...
  • Anti-authoritarianism is opposition to authoritarianism, which is defined as "a form of social organisation characterised by submission to authority", "favoring complete obedience or subjection to authority as opposed to individual freedom" and to authoritarian government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transnational authoritarianism represents any effort to prevent acts of political dissent against an authoritarian state by targeting one or more existing or potential members of its emigrant or diaspora communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • in that based on Lipstadt's theory of authoritarianism in the lower class, we identify the mechanisms that in the socioeconomic class lead to authoritarian character. (doaj.org)
  • For this purpose, we move from three paths toward authoritarianism- in the first path which combines Lipstadt and Adorno's theory we expect that the class influences authoritarianism from parental authoritarian control. (doaj.org)
  • In the second path, we expect that the class influences authoritarianism from parental authoritarian and self-esteem control. (doaj.org)
  • There is, as noted here many times over the past couple of years, a creeping authoritarianism from the current government - and, in fact, across the political culture, with government support partner the Maori Party, as well as Labour and Green parties, moving in more authoritarian directions. (thestandard.org.nz)
  • Today, my goal is to explain the manifestation of the authoritarian impulse within the Regressive Left and characterize it according to Left-Wing Authoritarianism , an adaptation of an established psychosocial concept known as Right-Wing Authoritarianism . (blogspot.nl)
  • American and European political science has for decades been busy with "transitions to democracy" and the evaluation of their relative successes (even though there is a recent shift toward the study of authoritarianism), and in International Relations, China seemed to be the only possible opponent to U.S. unilateral hegemony. (telospress.com)
  • Modern democracy, which in reality is still in its infancy, is being undermined from within and without by different types of authoritarianism. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Rethinking the relationship between democracy and development in the context of East Africa's successful authoritarianism. (graphitepublications.com)
  • In the light of the intimidation and harassment of a number of opposition figures in Venezuela, including Manuel Rosales, the elected mayor of the city of Maracaibo, Parliament expresses its "profound concern at the deterioration in the situation and in the quality of democracy in Venezuela", which is being threatened with collapse by "the growing authoritarianism" displayed by President Chávez. (blogspot.com)
  • Social Dominance Orientation and Right Wing Authoritarianism as ideological motivation for supporting and participating in online harassment of politicians. (uio.no)
  • Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the potential ideological motivations of harassers and supporters of harassment by measuring Social dominance Orientation and Right Wing Authoritarianism - along with willingness to support and engage in harassment. (uio.no)
  • Right-Wing Authoritarianism is "a personality and ideological variable" characterized by three attitudes (drawing from the Wikipedia entry, linked to above, these being drawn ultimately from Bob Altemeyer's analysis . (blogspot.nl)
  • Odd as it sounds, Right-Wing Authoritarianism need not correlate with right-wing political attitudes, but attempts to attach it to left-wing attidudes have proven difficult. (blogspot.nl)
  • Le Bureau de la Fondation Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA) en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) organise du 30 Septembre au 4 octobre 2019 des séminaires de formation destinés aux organisations de la société civile congolaise. (osisa.org)
  • Under electoral authoritarianism, the opposition's victory at the polls often precipitates regime change. (ssrn.com)
  • electoral authoritarianism , democratization , and democratic survival . (google.com)
  • In a related project , I use international regime diffusion as an instrument to test the causal effect of electoral authoritarianism on policy and human development outcomes. (google.com)
  • The Strategic Origins of Electoral Authoritarianism. (google.com)
  • This paper argues that transitions to electoral authoritarianism (EA) follow a strategic calculus in which autocrats balance international incentives to hold elections against the costs and risks of controlling them. (google.com)
  • We won't know until the July 2018 elections whether this radical redrawing of the Cambodian political landscape is a 'new normal' of naked authoritarianism. (opendemocracy.net)
  • In Cambodia, political violence in the run-up to the 2018 general election signals a move away from an explicitly populist authoritarianism towards a deeper authoritarianism. (opendemocracy.net)
  • It will appeal to graduate students and researchers in Latin American politics, democratization, and authoritarianism. (worldcat.org)
  • The hypothesis was tested on four different measures of democratization and/or authoritarianism, using a parasite stress measure derived from a modern epidemiological database. (raypeatforum.com)
  • Is model Turkey sliding into authoritarianism? (csmonitor.com)
  • Critics say that such cases are evidence that Turkey is sliding toward authoritarianism, even as it is lauded by Western governments as a role model for the Middle East - particularly in the wake of this year's Arab uprisings. (csmonitor.com)
  • In which fields Turkey`s regime has transformed towards authoritarianism? (uni-flensburg.de)
  • After World War II, there was a strong sense of anti-authoritarianism based on anti-fascism in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each assesses the prospect of fascism or authoritarianism from the standpoint of an American citizenry that could be either apathetic or engaged, with civic apathy being a great danger in this setting. (thepublicdiscourse.com)
  • Fascism is irrationalism organized to sustain inequality and authoritarianism. (thirdworldtraveler.com)
  • John Duckitt of the University of the Witwatersrand has suggests a link between authoritarianism and collectivism , asseritng that both are in opposition to individualism . (academic.ru)
  • I have written before about American conservatives' authoritarianism , a trait that has starkly accelerated during Trump's period of riotous misrule. (commondreams.org)
  • Indeed, I hope to do so by defining a general Ideological Authoritarianism and letting Left- and Right-Wing variants define themselves accordingly. (blogspot.nl)
  • Exposing authoritarianism in unexamined and unexpected arenas can help protect, strengthen, and repair democracies. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Revealing hidden authoritarianism can disempower a deep-seated obstacle to healthier democracies and intelligent problem-solving. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Vestal writes that the tendency to respond to challenges to authoritarianism through tighter control instead of adaptation is a significant weakness, and that this overly rigid approach fails to "adapt to changes or to accommodate growing demands on the part of the populace or even groups within the system. (academic.ru)
  • A recent Freedom House report details the extensive use of transnational authoritarianism by a rising number of countries acoss the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • People's deep conditioning to want saviors offering certainty underlies why authoritarianism has such a strong hold and keeps reappearing in democratic societies. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Despite the extensive amount of research on authoritarianism in Western societies, few have been conducted in developing countries. (doaj.org)
  • Henry Giroux explores politics post Barack Obama and assesses the threat of a new, soft form of authoritarianism arising in the U.S. (texasprogressivevoices.org)
  • But since the origin of authoritarianism has always been searched in political elite, little attention has been paid to the roots of this phenomenon in the context of social and interpersonal interactions between individuals. (doaj.org)
  • Authoritarianism Scale items were composed of 9 items derived from well-known scales measuring these variables. (doaj.org)
  • One case that has fueled fears of authoritarianism is that of two investigative reporters who were indicted as part of an antiterror probe targeting alleged ultrasecularist coup plotters. (csmonitor.com)
  • The political situation in Venezuela has recently undergone an alarming slide towards authoritarianism, says the resolution, with increased harassment, threats, intimidation, political and criminal persecution directed at the opposition, students, elected officials and journalists. (blogspot.com)
  • Can anyone stop Zambia's slide into authoritarianism? (issafrica.org)
  • Generally speaking, "authoritarianism" is a dysphemism for the Wrong People winning democratically. (marginalrevolution.com)
  • Totalitarianism is generally considered to be an extreme version of authoritarianism. (academic.ru)
  • Authoritarianism describes a form of government characterized by an emphasis on the authority of the state in a republic or union. (academic.ru)
  • Authoritarianism is marked by "indefinite political tenure" of the ruler or ruling party (often in a single-party state ) or other authority. (academic.ru)
  • Authoritarianism is a term political scientists use for a worldview that values order and authority, and distrusts outsiders and social change. (rustyroarenterprises.com)
  • Beneath the visible authoritarianism in politics, corporations, and personalities is a far more pervasive, covert, age-old authoritarianism. (elephantjournal.com)
  • However sugarcoated and ambiguous, every form of authoritarianism must start with a belief in some group's greater right to power, whether that right is justified by sex, race, class, religion or all four. (wikiquote.org)
  • Before looking with this authoritarianism in an you should Rebound a green thought of Java matter application, umbrella Listeria, and heart of events page Since we am adding to compile large Genes planning JSF, it will test transmitted if you do an program of few loa minutes novel as HTML, CSS, AJAX, etc. (math-phys.org)
  • This social virus of mental authoritarianism is concealed and deeply embedded in values, beliefs, religions, and social structures-and thus in most people's minds in varying ways and degrees. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Although authoritarianism has historically been the glue holding social orders together, it has now become a root cause of social disintegration. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Shedding light on the usually veiled authoritarianism at the foundation of our social and self-control mechanisms bridges the gap between the personal and the political. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Critics, however, noted methodological flaws in the research, and pointed out that the theory ignored authoritarianism of the Left. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The only way to counter the crazed authoritarianism of the left and others in Congress is to unleash old laws on the books, like the Insurrection Act, to begin the process of returning the United States back to its sovereign state. (infowars.com)
  • He's done 2 polls, both of which found that authoritarianism is not only strongly predictive of Trump support, but that it seems to do a better job of predicting it than virtually any other factor. (rustyroarenterprises.com)
  • When one believes herself completely and finally right and imbues that attitude with a sense of righteousness, authoritarianism is almost certain to follow-- even in cases where she actually is right . (blogspot.nl)
  • The importance of the study of Authoritarianism in Iranian society goes to the Constitutional Revolution (August 1906), when this issue has been in Iranian intellectual discourse. (doaj.org)
  • It isn't just in the way rule of law is practised that authoritarianism is returning. (middleeasteye.net)
  • The Australian Medical Council draft code of professional conduct: good practice or creeping authoritarianism? (mja.com.au)