The personality pattern or syndrome consisting of behavioral and attitudinal characteristics reflecting a preoccupation with the factors of power and authority in interpersonal relationships.
The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.
The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.
Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)
A form of violent crowd behavior which expresses the emotional release of resentments and prejudices, usually relevant to grievances toward the social system.
A strong emotional feeling of displeasure aroused by being interfered with, injured or threatened.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The attitude that grants freedom of expression and activity to another individual, but not necessarily with sanction or approval.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)

Changing attitudes about schizophrenia. (1/50)

Research on the effectiveness of short-term education programs in changing societal attitudes about mental illness has been mixed. Education efforts seem to be mediated by characteristics of the program participants. This study determines whether the effects of a specially prepared, semester-long course on severe mental illness are mediated by pre-education knowledge about and contact with severe mental illness. Eighty-three participants who were enrolled in either a course on severe mental illness or general psychology completed the Opinions about Mental Illness Questionnaire before beginning the course and at completion. Research participants also completed a pre-and posttest of knowledge about mental illness and a pretest on their contact with people who have severe mental illness. The education program had positive effects on some attitudes about mental illness. Interestingly, the effects of education group interacted with pre-education knowledge and contact and varied depending on attitude. Participants with more pre-education knowledge and contact were less likely to endorse benevolence attitudes after completing the education program. Participants with more intimate contact showed less improvement in attitudes about social restrictiveness. Implications of these augmentation and ceiling effects are discussed.  (+info)

Autonomy, liberalism and advance care planning. (2/50)

The justification for advance directives is grounded in the notion that they extend patient autonomy into future states of incompetency through patient participation in decision making about end-of-life care. Four objections challenge the necessity and sufficiency of individual autonomy, perceived to be a defining feature of liberal philosophical theory, as a basis of advance care planning. These objections are that the liberal concept of autonomy (i) implies a misconception of the individual self, (ii) entails the denial of values of social justice, (iii) does not account for justifiable acts of paternalism, and (iv) does not account for the importance of personal relationships in the advance care planning process. The last objection is especially pertinent in light of recent empirical research highlighting the importance of personal relationships in advance care planning. This article examines these four objections to autonomy, and the liberal theoretical framework with which it is associated, in order to re-evaluate the philosophical basis of advance care planning. We argue that liberal autonomy (i) is not a misconceived concept as critics assume, (ii) does not entail the denial of values of social justice, (iii) can account for justifiable acts of paternalism, though it (iv) is not the best account of the value of personal relationships that arise in advance care planning. In conclusion, we suggest that liberalism is a necessary component of a theoretical framework for advance care planning but that it needs to be supplemented with theories that focus explicitly on the significance of personal relationships.  (+info)

Pregnancy, autonomy and paternalism. (3/50)

Modern medicine is increasingly aware of the significance of patient autonomy in making treatment choices. This would seem to be particularly important where the therapy requested was "voluntary" as in fertility treatment or cosmetic surgery. However, the Hippocratic doctrine "Primum non nocere", seems especially relevant where the treatment sought may have a low chance of a successful outcome or even be life-threatening. Mrs A's case demonstrates the difficulty faced by the physician who wants to maximise her patient's autonomy, but "Above all, do no harm".  (+info)

At the coalface, but on the receiving end. (4/50)

In dealing with patients the doctor is very often paternalistic. No more so than when the patient is unable to help him--or herself. Modern technology allows people to be kept alive in "intensive care" where they often become an "object" at the centre of proceedings. Fortunately for them, most patients who survive intensive care cannot remember the experience though this does not mean that they were not suffering at the time. There is a strong case for explaining things as much as possible and for making practical procedures as tolerable as possible. The relatives and families of the seriously ill often have great difficulty in understanding what is happening to their loved ones and, in these situations, suffer a great deal of stress and foreboding regarding the ultimate outcome of their illness. The stress on the staff who may become "attached" to their patients often shows through as an indifferent attitude. Peter remembers three out of fourteen days in intensive care and Jane, his wife, remembers the whole experience. Here we tell our stories in the hope that they may help our medical and nursing colleagues to manage better the patients under their care in this situation.  (+info)

People and work: some contemporary issues. (5/50)

In advanced industrial societies social, economic, and technological changes are accompanied by changing values and attitudes to work, symptomatic of what some see as the transition to a post-industrial era. As a result existing job definitions and traditional forms of organization are being challenged and attempts made to restructure work so that it becomes meaningful and rewarding in the fullest sense, to the individual, to the enterprise, and to society. These range from programmes of job enlargement and job enrichment, within the framework of existing technologies, to experiments in the design of organizations as a whole in which fewer constraints are accepted as given. They entail and require a multidisciplinary approach as well as awareness of and commitment to the underlying values. The possibilities and benefits of restructuring work in these various ways have been demonstrated sufficiently to encourage interest at governmental level as well as by employers and trade unions. There are, however, no simple prescriptions or principles of universal application. Knowledge is still tentative and partial but there is consensus that the search for new ways of dealing with the organization of work and the allocation of resources is of fundamental importance.  (+info)

Prejudice, social distance, and familiarity with mental illness. (6/50)

In this study, the paths between two prejudicial attitudes (authoritarianism and benevolence) and a proxy measure of behavioral discrimination (social distance) were examined in a sample drawn from the general public. Moreover, the effects of two person variables (familiarity with mental illness and ethnicity) on prejudice were examined in the path analysis. One hundred fifty-one research participants completed measures of prejudice toward, social distance from, and familiarity with mental illness. Goodness-of-fit indexes from path analyses supported our hypotheses. Social distance is influenced by both kinds of prejudice: authoritarianism (the belief that persons with mental illness cannot care for themselves, so a paternalistic health system must do so) and benevolence (the belief that persons with mental illness are innocent and childlike). These forms of prejudice, in turn, are influenced by the believers' familiarity with mental illness and their ethnicity. We also discuss how these findings might contribute to a fuller understanding of mental illness stigma.  (+info)

Doctors' authoritarianism in end-of-life treatment decisions. A comparison between Russia, Sweden and Germany. (7/50)

OBJECTIVES: The study was performed in order to investigate how end-of-life decisions are influenced by cultural and sociopolitical circumstances and to explore the compliance of doctors with patient wishes. PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENT: Five hundred and thirty-five physicians were surveyed in Sweden (Umea), Germany (Rostock and Neubrandenburg), and in Russia (Arkhangelsk) by a questionnaire. The participants were recruited according to availability and are not representative. The questionnaire is based on the one developed by Molloy and co-workers in Canada which contains three case vignettes about an 82-year-old Alzheimer patient with an acute life-threatening condition; the questionnaire includes different levels of information about his treatment wishes. We have added various questions about attitudes determining doctors' decision making process (legal and ethical concerns, patient's and family wishes, hospital costs, patient's age and level of dementia and physician's religion). RESULTS: Swedish physicians chose fewer life-prolonging interventions as compared with the Russian and the German doctors. Swedish physicians would perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the event of a cardiac arrest less frequently, followed by the German doctors. More than half the Russian physicians decided to perform CPR irrespective of the available information about the patient's wishes. Level of dementia emerged as the most powerful determining attitude-variable for the decision making in all three countries. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of compliance with patient wishes among a substantial number of doctors points to the necessity of emphasising ethical aspects both in medical education and clinical practice. The inconsistency in the treatment decisions of doctors from different countries calls for social consensus in this matter.  (+info)

Of doctor-patient sex and assisted suicide. (8/50)

The ethical chapter of the Israel Medical Association has recently issued guidelines with regard to sexual relationships between doctors and patients or past patients. This paper juxtaposes the paternalistic and severe attitude to doctor-patient sex with the relaxation and individualization of decisions regarding doctors' involvement in assisted suicide, passive and active euthanasia. The discussion bears on our concepts of palliative care and our expectations from it.  (+info)

Authoritarian attitudes have been consistently linked to feelings of disgust, an emotion that is thought to have evolved to protect the organism from contamination. We hypothesized that body odour disgust sensitivity (BODS) might be associated with authoritarianism, as chemo-signalling is a primitive system for regulating interpersonal contact and disease avoidance, which are key features also in authoritarianism. We used well-validated scales for measuring BODS, authoritarianism and related constructs. Across two studies, we found that BODS is positively related to authoritarianism. In a third study, we showed a positive association between BODS scores and support for Donald Trump, who, at the time of data collection, was a presidential candidate with an agenda described as resonating with authoritarian attitudes. Authoritarianism fully explained the positive association between BODS and support for Donald Trump. Our findings highlight body odour disgust as a new and promising domain in ...
Populist Authoritarianism focuses on the Chinese Communist Party, which governs the worlds largest population in a single-party authoritarian state. Wenfang Tang attempts to explain the seemingly contradictory trends of the increasing number of protests on the one hand, and the results of public opinion surveys that consistently show strong government support on the other hand.
Im interested in learning more about authoritarianism, specific (arguably) authoritarian regimes (especially China, Russia, and North Korea), democratic backsliding, the possibility of stable and/or global totalitarianism, and related topics. As such, Id be interested in: * peoples thoughts on which books that are relevant to those topics might be worth reading or might be worth skipping * links to good summaries/reviews/notes about relevant books (ETA: Id also be interested in recommendations of online courses or lecture series on these topics.) I imagine such a collection could be useful for other people too. Ill also share the relevant books and links that I know about already. (One type of book I dont already know of examples of is biographies of relevant political leaders; please feel free to recommend some biographies of that kind!) The cluster of topics Im pointing to is intentionally broad. If youre not sure whether a book/link is relevant enough, please mention it anyway, and
Turkeys most violent riots in decades may have been started by the destruction of a small Istanbul park, but they have exploded in a show of defiance at what many see as the creeping authoritarianism of Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan.. In power for more than a decade, Erdogans Islamist-rooted AK Party has increased its share of the vote in each of the past three elections, ushered in unprecedented political stability and overseen some of the fastest economic growth in Europe.. Now in his last term as prime minister, Erdogan is trying to leave his stamp on Turkey by recasting foreign policy, overhauling the constitution and even transforming the ancient Istanbul skyline.. But some, including former supporters, accuse him of growing increasingly authoritarian, muzzling the media, tightening his AK partys grip on state institutions and putting religion at the centre of politics in violation of Turkeys secular constitution.. If it were up to the prime minister, I would be wearing a head scarf, ...
The ongoing take over of Crimea by Russia, and its intense political campaigning to annul the results of the Kiev revolution, took most observers of international politics by surprise. Normally, one has not been considering Russia as a serious contender of the United States for hegemony, as a country with serious economic or military resources, or even as a country with a particularly serious ideology. American and European political science has for decades been busy with transitions to democracy and the evaluation of their relative successes (even though there is a recent shift toward the study of authoritarianism), and in International Relations, China seemed to be the only possible opponent to U.S. unilateral hegemony. European Studies examines the various neighborhood policies of the European Union, measuring their relative success in democratization. The U.S. and European leaders therefore reacted to the events in Russia and Ukraine with surprise: John Kerry spoke of Russias ...
I have a piece at the Washington Posts PostEverything that tries to cut through some of the debate over Trump and authoritarianism. Those of you who follow this debate will quickly recognize my concerns. There are people who have an incentive to overhype the threat posed by Trump out of legitimate fears of democratic backsliding. There are those who welcome this kind of threat inflation because it provides them with a way of discrediting those of us deeply concerned about the fate of American liberal democracy. And there are those who recoil at it on substantive grounds: because it adopts a pollyannish view of American history. In this sense, its reminiscent of what were seeing in discussions of Russia-Trump, wheres theres a similar convergence among those invested in defending Trump and those who think that its a distraction. True, Trump shows little intrinsic regard for democratic norms, values and institutions. Many Americans familiar with the rhetoric and tactics favored by leaders ...
This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Theses and Dissertations at Loyola eCommons. It has been accepted for inclusion in Masters Theses by an authorized administrator of Loyola eCommons. For more information, please contact [email protected] Recommended Citation Dubnicki, Carol, Relationships Among Therapist Empathy and Authoritarianism and a Therapists Prognosis (1975). Masters Theses. Loyola University of Chicago for their help in the preparation of this thesis. Thanks is also due to Dr. Arthur Johnson of Hines Veterans Administration Hospital for his helpful suggestions and to those 25 psychologists who served as subjects for this study.
It doesnt matter whether the enemies of democracy are foreign or domestic, born of a global virus or an all-American homegrown authoritarianism, let our generation be no less prepared than any other
The reaction to Westpac handing over Nicky Hagers data to police is still playing out. Rob Hosking observes a creeping authoritarianism from the current government.
Their uniting feature, however, is that both groups, however much state intervention they seem to desire, want to achieve their authoritarian impulse via social dominance. They want to change the culture so that that which they deem unthinkable is what everyone deems unthinkable, and thats an authoritarian impulse. They want call-outs. They want social shaming, sometimes on grand scales. They want serious real-world consequences, like no-platforming, blacklisting, firings, individual marginalization (to be distinguished from the marginalization of ideas), and perhaps even vigilante retributions (which may not actually include physical violence) in response to perceived deviations, often vastly in excess of any reasonable definition of justice. They want punishment, and they want to make examples of offenders. Thats an authoritarian impulse. Whether the state acts upon it or not, the mob, or as they would have it, the prevailing culture, can act just as (or more) effectively and with equal ...
By Luis Martín , -. Via OpenDemocracy.net Calling on progressives worldwide to form an international movement to combat the rise of authoritarianism represented by Donald Trump.. Senator Bernie Sanders, the former US presidential candidate, and Yanis Varoufakis, co-founder of DiEM25, are today calling on progressives worldwide to form an international movement to combat the rise of authoritarianism represented by Donald Trump.. In the first of a series of exchanges published in The Guardian, the pair described the urgent need for a Progressive International that can bring together people across the globe around a vision of shared prosperity, security and dignity for all.. While the very rich get much richer, people all over the globe are working longer hours for stagnating wages, and fear for their childrens future, said Sanders. Authoritarians exploit these economic anxieties, creating scapegoats which pit one group against another.. Varoufakis said: Our era will be remembered for the ...
The Authoritarian Personality_ involved a series of studies sponsored by the American Jewish Committee which were supposed to define a certain personality type which would be easily taken up with antidemocratic propaganda, in light of the tragedy and disaster that was the Third Reich. Scales were developed to assess Antisemitism, Political-Economic Conservativism (which amounted to support for laissez-faire capitalism), and Authoritarianism (the F (for Fascist) scale). Both the Antisemitism scale and the Political-Economic Conservativism scale involved predictable statements in which the subjects had to state their level of agreement with in order to achieve a score. The F scale, involved a series of statements which were designed to measure conventionalism, authoritarian submission, authoritarian aggression, anti-intraception (i.e. Opposition to the subjective, the imaginative, and the tender-minded.), superstition and stereotypy, power and toughness, destructiveness and cynicism, ...
Todays media platforms reveal that Americas three-legged democracy stool is missing its third leg. Economics and politics are thriving; and the missing third leg, morality, is blatantly obvious. In the rear-view mirror are ethics, character, decency, common good, honesty, integrity, probity, rectitude, righteousness, rightness, uprightness, virtue, virtuousness, values, and common beliefs. Witness suppression of voting rights, COVID-19 pandemic turned political, media untruths, cyber and space warfare, infrastructure decay, inequitable wages, healthcare and childcare shortcomings, systemic racism and casts, LGBTQ rights questioned, environmental degradation, untreated mental health, home grown terrorism, immigration overload and inhumanity, thriving white supremacy, education state-of-the art and funding deficiencies, insane gun control, and the list continues. The danger is continued and deepening division, fear, and autocracy. The opportunity is to improve common good and caring as ...
The regimes growing assaults on journalists, intellectuals and academics at this particular moment seem aimed at promoting self-censorship ahead of the constitutional referendum in April.
At a CNN-hosted town hall debate, Donald Trump said that the US governments core focus should be on security (times three!), health care, and education. In spite of this vague, rambling answer, and much other blathering in support of big government, the real estate mogul has a large, intense following, which includes people on the right, the left, and even some paleoconservatives and libertarians.. In some ways, its understandable: if the normal process of politics revolts you in any way, the dream of anti-candidate Trump is sweet. The approval rating for the presidency in general is around 30 percent, according to Gallup. For Congress, its a stingy eight percent. People - or at least the people Gallup calls - do not seem terribly impressed by their elected officials.. Nor should they be. Powerful men and women spy, meddle, steal, and go to war, whether the people want them to or not, and then pat them on the head and coo euphemisms when people get upset with the results.. Into this travesty ...
The abhorrent conclusion of denying a person a dignified choice for dying is a necessary consequence of earlier decisions to automate decision-making (decision-makers can not make decisions contrary to the evidence) and to preserve social harmony (participates are obligated to cooperate, because there is no accountable human decision-maker). To allow big-data to save health-care, we…
For some of us, this was an expected result given the fact that illiberal democracies have become more the norm than the exception in many countries with different cultures and religions. Erdoğans authoritarianism is not a new type of political Islam and but old school nationalism combined with illiberal democracy, just like Putin in Russia and Modi in India. Erdoğans authoritarianism has nothing to do with Islam but uses religion supported by the ideology of Turkish nationalism. The main obstacles blocking Turkeys democratic path are set up by the founding paranoia of the state about its enemies outside and its distrust of ethnic minorities inside. This nationalist tradition has been ruling the country, both in the name of conservatism and religion. In practice, Erdoğan has been in power for the last 14 years and mastered the paranoia of inside and outside enemies by using nationalist and anti-western discourses. The referendum was about confidence in Erdoğan. One of the crucial ...
A niche group of political scientists may have uncovered whats driving Donald Trumps ascent. What they found has implications that go well beyond 2016.
In the past decade, the concept of sovereignty has swiftly risen in popularity within anthropological circles, especially in relation to violence in postcolonial and post-authoritarian societies (Das and Poole 2004). The rationale of this section is rooted in the aspiration to build on and further develop anthropological understandings of conflict and violence centered on the notion of sovereignty. Whereas the contributors to the section are indebted to theoretical approaches influenced by the writings of Agamben (1998, 2005), they also present analytic advantages and shortcomings. For instance, a recent critique of Agambens notion of sovereignty-and of many of his followers-is that it reproduces totalitarian notions of modern politics that cannot account for the historical existence of ordered communities free from subjection, and … free from subjecting others (Jennings 2011: 43). ...
President Trump is facing a disillusioned Congress mired in group think and gridlock, a Congress hell-bent on impeaching President Trump based on fraud, a Congress following the United Nations replacement migration plan to a tee and plan to allow 600 million immigrants into the United States within forty years, thus doubling and rendering the native-born and legalized American population obsolete.. Basically, this would be the projected end of America as we know it. ...
Trump-bashing isnt a political stance - its a snooty mocking of white-trash America. To Brits who fancy themselves as cultured and sophisticated, Trump has become the ultimate white-trash symbol: an ill-speaking, junk-food-eating, language-coarsening dimwit of a man who has no right to meet out wonderful, pristine monarch or to walk a red carpet. Obamas wars and authoritarianism were forgivable because he was so handsome and charming. Trumps wars and authoritarianism, in contrast, are held up as threats to morality and decency because the kind of people who are most keen on Trump - rough and ugly Americans - are themselves seen as a threat to morality and decency ...
For too many in the chattering classes, the imaginary fascism of Donald Trump or Milo Yiannopoulos excuses the real-world censorship and intimidation practiced by the illiberal left.
The trial of prize-winning Turkish journalist Nedim Sener resumed today. His case, along with many others, are raising concerns about Turkey and its model democracy in the Middle East.
Since Brazils 2016 parliamentary coup detat, in which former president Dilma Rousseff was removed on a later-exonerated technicality, Brazils ultra-right-wing president Jair Bolsonaro has made every effort to destroy any remnants of the legacy left by the Brazilian Workers Party (PT).
Veenhoven, R. (2009). Findings on Happiness & Authoritarianism. World Database of Happiness. World Database of Happiness. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/ ...
Despite the ruling Islamist partys anti-democratic tendencies, Turkey may not suggest a linkage between political Islam and autocratic governance.
Extreme libertarians built blockchain to decentralize government and corporate power. It could consolidate their control instead.
You seemed to have been trying to tie authoritarianism to the Republicans exclusively rather than accurately portraying both parties as mostly authoritarian. EXC was just pointing out an example of Obamas authoritarian streak. Obama also has been delcaring that Republicans should stop their talking and get in line with him. Obamas rhetoric and some of his actions seem authoritarian. One suspects that you label the Republicans as authoritarian yet not the Democrats or Obama as a way to slur them and ignore some of the Democrats problems.. Using your definition of conservative: you think Obama is conservative because of how much he fights for tradition? Are you sure about that? Obama is keeping the status quo on torture and gay rights. I could see how he leans socially conservative on those areas. But then I can think of other areas in which he leans liberal on social issues (ie. abortion, gun control and affirmative action) I can not see how Obama is in any way a conservative on economic ...
Unfortunately, I didnt have enough space in the title to accurately describe the study lol. But this study claims authoritarian style mothers leads to depression and alochol use in their kids, whereas authoritarian fathers has the opposite effect. Quote New research published in Addictive Behavio...
Authoritarianism is simply the abuse of authority at the expense of liberty. America certainly has had authoritarian tendencies - from the brutal subjugation of native peoples, the legacy of anti-immigration ideologies, the reluctance in accepting refugees, the heinous system of mass incarceration, to our ever-expanding imperial presidency. Still, over the.... ...
No. We wont comply with Bidens vaccine mandate, and no one else should either.. Amy Cooke, the CEO of the John Locke Foundation continued, That one man - Joe Biden - wants to force free Americans to inject something into their bodies should be abhorrent to everyone. That some think its acceptable shows how much our foundational freedoms have eroded. To my profound disappointment, authoritarianism has become mainstream.. Medical decisions are personal and private. Period. President Bidens political party often cites Roe v. Wade as their own rationale for such medical freedom, yet in an alarming turn of events, he has turned full-throated authoritarian, announcing he will wield the power of federal labor officials to force private businesses to function as medical doctors for every employee. In short, Joe Biden believes he - not individuals in consultation with a doctor - knows whats best for every one of us.. This statement was both shocking and very disappointing on many fronts. Joe ...
The United Kingdoms Brexit plans continue to lurch from crisis to crisis.. The real problem is Brexit itself, and it has implications for all of us, Professor Robert Patman says.. In the latest Global Insight, the University of Otago international relations specialist examines apparent illegal activities around the original referendum.. Among other concerns, Brexit appears to have been the template for Russian collusion with the Trump election campaign in the United States, Prof Patman says.. British democracy is in crisis, he says.. Once the independent rule of law is eroded for partisan reasons, then you are opening the door to authoritarian rule.. Prof Patman is calling on Prime Minister Ardern, and leaders of other liberal democracies, to speak directly and clearly to the British government about these concerns.. If we dont want to see the rise of authoritarianism, then we need to speak out.. ...
Authoritarianism, populism, and nationalism have dominated the headlines in recent years. From India to the United States and across the European continent, this triad threatens the predominant liberal democratic order, both domestically and internationally. All three are closely intertwined. Both nationalists and populists claim ownership over the authentic will of the people, using it to frame their campaigns around overly simplistic narratives that pit the people (often ethnically defined natives) against a globalist, out-of-touch elite.. But tropes like the will of the people tend be far more narrowly defined than their label implies, clashing with a much broader public perspective and forcing populist and nationalist politicians to adopt authoritarian methods to capture and maintain power. Far-right parties and most populists have traditionally been Euroskeptic, rejecting the European Union and opposing further integration inside its institutions.. Nationalism, populism, and ...
There is no sign that 2017 will be much different from 2016.. Under Israeli occupation for decades, Gaza will still be the biggest open prison on Earth.. In the United States, the killing of black people at the hands of the police will proceed unabated and hundreds of thousands more will join those already housed in the prison-industrial complex that came on the heels of plantation slavery and Jim Crow laws.. Europe will continue its slow descent into liberal authoritarianism or what cultural theorist Stuart Hall called authoritarian populism. Despite complex agreements reached at international forums, the ecological destruction of the Earth will continue and the war on terror will increasingly morph into a war of extermination between various forms of nihilism. ...
Abstract Abstract:. How do authoritarian leaders insulate their regimes from the contagion effects generated by cross-national waves of popular protest? This article compares the strategies of leaders in four authoritarian regimes-Azerbaijan, China, Russia, and Saudi Arabia-and their responses to the color revolutions and the Arab uprisings. This comparison reveals that these countries have developed an elaborate and similar toolkit to defend the authoritarian status quo and that vigilant autocrats take preemptive measures even when popular uprisings erupt in geographically distant regions or within very different political systems.. ...
Content areas: achievement, achievement motivation, anomia and alienation, aspirations, assimilation, authoritarianism, authority, cohesion, complex organizations, conformity and deviance, consensus, crime and delinquency, informal relations, innovation and diffusion, interests, ethnocentrism, intergroup relations (including discrimination and stereotypes), job satisfaction and morale, leadership, occupational roles, small groups, social mobility, social participation, socioeconomic status (includes occupational ratings, prestige), status concern, and status consistency. Also includes community, marital adjustment and courtship, education, family, health, marital and family roles, mental abilities, neighborhood, social norms, personal adjustment, personality, political attitudes and behavior, religion, self image, societal characteristics, urban areas, and values. ...
From a strictly stylistic point view, Fosters anthropomorphic discourse concerning the principle of autonomy, to which most of the time he refers as a real being, is notable. However, problems arise as many times the reader might have the impression that far from being a mere literary device, this anthropomorphic way of writing seems manipulative, a problem which increases as soon as these formal questions are connected to issues concerning the books essence. It is not only that the authors discourse can be perceived as unidirectional, as he continuously presents autonomy as a being with authoritarianism, egocentric or dictatorship manners (autonomy is for example described as ruthless, fat and [*794] brutal in power), while the other contenders for a voice are always described as humble, positive and just looking for their place without pretending to monopolize the bio-legal debate. The really problematic question is that the reader would probably expect much more evidence and ...
I fell in love with the idea immediately and have cherished and brooded over it ever since. That spontaneous response in me has something to do with my particular background, which is part of a larger pattern I see almost everywhere I turn in the Church and in society these days. So, at the risk of being too self-referential, let me explain a little.. The formation of my soul involved a large element of authoritarianism in various guises and modes. There was sternness and staunchness in my upbringing; many rules, demands and expectations, and too little in the way of affection, closeness, and encouragement. I grew up good, morally and religiously, but shy and insecure, full of anxiety, self-doubt, and self-reproach.. The friendship of evangelicals in my adolescence-the consciously personal and affective character of their spirituality-and then later, the warmth and liveliness of the religious atmosphere of my alma mater, saved me. Most importantly, I learned, slowly and spastically, to ...
I fell in love with the idea immediately and have cherished and brooded over it ever since. That spontaneous response in me has something to do with my particular background, which is part of a larger pattern I see almost everywhere I turn in the Church and in society these days. So, at the risk of being too self-referential, let me explain a little.. The formation of my soul involved a large element of authoritarianism in various guises and modes. There was sternness and staunchness in my upbringing; many rules, demands and expectations, and too little in the way of affection, closeness, and encouragement. I grew up good, morally and religiously, but shy and insecure, full of anxiety, self-doubt, and self-reproach.. The friendship of evangelicals in my adolescence-the consciously personal and affective character of their spirituality-and then later, the warmth and liveliness of the religious atmosphere of my alma mater, saved me. Most importantly, I learned, slowly and spastically, to ...
By Marcelo Cavarozzi. From the Introduction. One of the consequences of the intensifying of authoritarianism from the mid-1960s onwards was that both reversions to a party-controlled democratic government were made against the will of the military, rather than under its protective tutelage. Hence, the installation of civilian regimes in 1973 and 1983 were the culminations of open confrontations between the collapsing military regimes and the oppositions of the time. The confrontational style of politics that prevailed during the transitions could have hardly been avoided. Although each one of the last presidents of both dictatorships, General Lanusse and Bignone respectively had been explicity appointed to administer the liquidation of military rule, the armed forces made last-minute efforts to determine who their successors would be, or at least to impose restrictions upon them. Although the military failed to achieve those objectives, military intransigence acted as a catalyst for significant ...
Its really an appallingly strange time in our country. We have a singularly powerful Vice-President (compared to any of his predecessors)--openly quite enamored by the tactics employed by the Soviet Union--our former arch-foe whose human rights standards we derided. Indeed, we fought a decades-long Cold War so that Western style constitutional freedoms would trump Soviet authoritarianism. But yes, from this Sovietophile posture, use of torture and black-sites and detention without habeas corpus protections makes all the sense in the world, doesnt it? Because we have a Vice-President all but openly emulating and cheer-leading the tactics of the KGB, not in the wilds of Wyoming, but to a soi disant sophisticated audience in Washington DC. Put differently, he is very proud of his world-view, indeed eager to share it with Beltway elites. Who will clear this dangerous rot out of Washington and help us restore our good name? The stakes are high, that is, the preservation of the American democratic ...
Fahrenheit 451 is perhaps his most successful book-length narrative. An indictment of authoritarianism, it portrays a book-burning America of the near future, its central character a so-called fireman, whose job is to light the bonfires. (The title refers to the temperature at which paper ignites.) Some critics compared it favorably to George Orwells 1984. François Truffaut adapted the book for a well-received movie in 1966 starring Oskar Werner and Julie Christie. As Mr. Bradburys reputation grew, he found new outlets for his talents. He wrote the screenplay for John Hustons 1956 film version of Moby-Dick, scripts for the television series Alfred Hitchcock Presents and collections of poetry and plays. ...
The three contradictions (Pakistan=Islam+Urdu, civil-military establishment, role of Islam in public sphere)...provide a three-part structure to this book....This thematic framework is intended to enhance our understanding of the Pakistan Paradox. Indeed, so far, none of the consubstantial contradictions of Pakistan mentioned above have had the power to destroy the country. In spite of chronic instability that they have created, Pakistan continues to show remarkable resilience. This can only be understood if one makes the effort to grasp the complexity of a country that is often caricatured. This is the reason why all sides of the three tensions around which this book is organized must be considered together: the centrifugal forces at work in Pakistan and those resisting them on behalf of Pakistan nationalism and provincial autonomy; the culture of authoritarianism and the resources for democracy; the Islamist agenda, and those who are fighting it on behalf of secularism or Muslimhood a ...
For a long while we have not had an exactly stated policy on building a public image. We have just been ourselves and done our jobs and hoped somebody would catch on. This is basically what protected us. And we should keep doing it.. But the time has come to also build a public image as an outflow publicity action.. The image is:. SCIENTOLOGISTS ARE THE PEOPLE WHO ARE CLEANING UP THE FIELD OF MENTAL HEALING AND EFFECTIVELY HANDLING MENTAL HEALTH ON THE PLANET.. Note that it is dual. We will handle the first part of it first, cleaning up the field of mental healing. It is a dirty, inhuman, rotten field, full of graft, misappropriation, phony authoritarianism and betrayal. Because it is like this we get a backflash from it. We are the only ones in it who have clean hands and effective technology. So we have no choice but to NOISILY clean it up. That builds that much of the image. By uniting with other civic, humanitarian, and civil- and human-rights groups we can make an organized ...
Mr Cameron said, let us be proud that this is a Christian country, where we stand for the freedom to practise your faith, and where we stand up for Christians and all those who are persecuted anywhere in our world.. He went on to visit a Sikh temple in Kent, to mark the Vaisakhi festival, and told people there: Im proud to be the first prime minister to host a Vaisakhi reception at Number 10.. In January this year, the Lib Dem leader Nick Clegg said that free speech has to be for everyone if it is to mean anything, as he warned against knee-jerk authoritarianism in the wake of the terrorist attacks in France. ...
When a public body says it is to carry out a consultation exercise, what does that suggest to you? Naively, I once believed that it involved asking people what they thought about a particular policy, setting out all the facts in an objective fashion, and if those likely to be affected did not like what they saw to drop or modify the original plan. It turns out, however, to mean nothing of the sort.. Ask the people of Southampton and its environs in south-west Hampshire. They have just been the subject of a consultation on whether to add fluoride to their water supply. There were 10,000 responses, 78 per cent of which were opposed. The local health authority carried out a telephone poll, which also showed a majority against. But it is going ahead anyway. Not only is this an affront to any concept of local decision-making, it is a breathtaking piece of social authoritarianism. Whether or not fluoride helps reduce tooth decay is irrelevant. Medication should not be added to the water supply; and ...
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And if you still think this is another manifestation of Chinas authoritarianism, just using safety as a pretext, you might like to bear in mind that the US authorities have required drone owners to register their machines for over a year. However, those regulations have just been struck down by a federal court in Washington, D.C., and its not clear what the FAA will now do. Perhaps more interesting than arguing about Chinas real motives here, is information in the South China Morning Post story about who is using this technology in China: ...
Vaccination passports, like Joe Biden and Kamala Harris want everyone to be forced to carry, are profoundly un-American.. This data-driven authoritarianism, if it comes to pass, will wash away what remains of the rule of law and the Constitution, and annihilate the American way of life.. First, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) inflicted their possibly lab-designed Wuhan Virus on America, and now we get their Social Credit System, their totalitarian digital architecture for society as well.. Americas placeholder president, the Communist Chinese ventriloquists dummy who fantasizes about becoming the new Franklin Delano Roosevelt, wants these vaccination passports badly.. POTUS 46* signed Executive Order 13998 on January 21 directing government agencies to assess the feasibility of linking COVID-19 vaccination to International Certificates of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP) and producing electronic versions of ICVPs.. The Biden-Harris administration is now working on a vaccine passport for ...
Authoritarianism[edit]. TCKs have the unique experience of being exposed to and living in cultures different from their home ... Authoritarianism measurements have been used by researchers on individuals, and high scores on the right-wing authoritarian ... This has been found to affect their level of authoritarianism, both positively and negatively depending on the circumstance of ... Peterson, B.E.; Plamondon, L.T. (2009). "Third culture kids and the consequence of international sojourns on authoritarianism, ...
Authoritarianism[edit]. In 1969 Rollo May argued that logotherapy is, in essence, authoritarian. He suggested that Frankl's ...
Authoritarianism[edit]. The main point of those scholars who tend to consider the Spanish State to be authoritarian rather than ... In Francoist narrative, authoritarianism had defeated anarchy and overseen the elimination of "agitators", those "without God" ... The consistent points in Francoism included above all authoritarianism, nationalism, national Catholicism, militarism, ...
... authoritarianism. In light of this change, Williamson argued Western countries should modify their policies through export-led ...
Persistent Authoritarianism and the Future of Democracy in Africa. Chapter 7 in Brown, Nathan (ed.) Democratization: Doubt, ... Why Do Opposition Boycott Elections? Chapter 9 in Schedler, Andreas (ed.) Electoral Authoritarianism. Boulder C.O.: Lynne ... Sustaining and Subverting Electoral Authoritarianism. Oxford University Press. pp. 168-. ISBN 978-0-19-968032-0. WorldCat ...
Varol, Ozan (April 24, 2014). "Stealth Authoritarianism". Iowa Law Review. 100 (1673): 70. SSRN 2428965. Varol, Ozan (April 30 ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Waring, Alan (2019). The New Authoritarianism. BoD - Books on Demand. p. 128. ISBN 978- ...
ISBN 978-1-317-51484-8. Waring, Alan (2019). The New Authoritarianism. Columbia University Press. p. 154. ISBN 9783838211534. ...
"Islam and Authoritarianism." World Politics 55, 1 (October 2002): 4-37. "Mongolia: Democracy without Prerequisites." Journal of ... His research interests include democracy, authoritarianism, postcommunist countries, legislatures and constitutional systems, ...
Authoritarianism and Democratization. Soldiers and Workers in Argentina, 1976-83 (Penn State University Press, 1998). La ...
Authoritarianism Goes Global. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2016. p. 180. "Dubious Broadcast 'Experts' Seen on ...
"Erdoganist authoritarianism and the 'new' Turkey." Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 18.4 (2018): 593-598. online Yavuz ... 2013 Gezi Park protests against the perceived authoritarianism of Erdoğan and his policies, starting from a small sit-in in ... The loss has been widely attributed to Erdoğan's mismanagement of the Turkish economic crisis, rising authoritarianism as well ... Erdogan's rule has been marked with increasing authoritarianism, expansionism, censorship and banning of parties or dissent. As ...
Consequently, The New Authoritarianism in Latin America was a landmark study in the literature on national political regimes ... 35] "Bureaucratic Authoritarianism." In Oxford Companion to World Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. Revised ... In Authoritarianism and Corporatism in Latin America. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1976. [40] "Prerequisites ... The New Authoritarianism in Latin America, editor and co-author (Princeton University Press, 1979). [3] Barriadas y elites ( ...
... competitive authoritarianism, or soft authoritarianism. The term illiberal democracy was used by Fareed Zakaria in a regularly ... 2006). Electoral Authoritarianism: The Dynamics of Unfree Competition. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-58826 ... Politics portal Authoritarianism Constitutional liberalism Criticism of democracy Democratic backsliding Defective democracy ... In these cases, elections and other democratic institutions are simply adapted patterns of authoritarianism, not democracy in ...
Hussain, Zahid (31 July 2019). "Perils of authoritarianism". The Dawn. Retrieved 11 May 2020. Hussain, Zahid (1 August 2019). " ...
Gertjan Plets (2019). "Exceptions to Authoritarianism? Variegated sovereignty and ethno-nationalism in a Siberian resource ...
Authoritarianism in Mexico. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, Inc. pages 067-107. UNDP Paper ...
Kurlantzick, Joshua; Perry Link (2009). "China's Modern Authoritarianism". Wall Street Journal. Brady, Anne-Marie (2008). ...
Authoritarianism in Syria. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1999. Print. Heydemann, Steven. Authoritarianism in Syria. Ithaca: Cornell UP, ... Authoritarianism in Syria. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1999. Print. Pg.110 Heydemann, Steven. ...
Sunstein, Cass R. (2018-03-06). Can It Happen Here?: Authoritarianism in America. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780062696212. Sunstein, ...
"Authoritarianism in Translation". New Yorker. Retrieved 9 July 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Chinese ...
Feldman, Noah (2018). "On "It can't happen here"". In Sunstein, Cass R. (ed.). Can It Happen Here?: Authoritarianism in America ...
Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Regimes and Resistance. (Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., USA, 2005) Moore,Jr., Barrington ... Fish, M. Steven (October 2002). "Islam and Authoritarianism". World Politics. 55 (1): 4-37. doi:10.1353/wp.2003.0004. ISSN 1086 ... Levitsky, Steven; Way, Lucan A. (2010). Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War. Cambridge University ... Albertus, Michael; Menaldo, Victor (2018). Authoritarianism and the Elite Origins of Democracy. Cambridge University Press. ...
In 2018, HarperCollins published Can It Happen Here?: Authoritarianism in America, a collection of essays about the prospect of ... Weisberg, Jacob (March 2016). "An Eclectic Extremist: Donald Trump's distinctly American authoritarianism draws equally from ... grown authoritarianism." Joe Conason's non-fiction book It Can Happen Here: Authoritarian Peril in the Age of Bush (2007) ... Authoritarianism in America. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780062696212. Collection of essays Philip K. Dick (1962). The Man in the High ...
Tan, Kenneth Paul (2012). "The Ideology of Pragmatism: Neo-liberal Globalisation and Political Authoritarianism in Singapore". ... Reyes, Sebastian (29 September 2015). "Singapore's Stubborn Authoritarianism , Harvard Political Review". Harvard Political ...
Gertjan Plets (2019). "Exceptions to Authoritarianism? Variegated sovereignty and ethno-nationalism in a Siberian resource ...
Shils, Edward (1954). "Authoritarianism: "Right" and "Left"". In Christie, Richard; Jahoda, Marie (eds.). Studies in the Scope ... see Left-Wing Authoritarianism) Christie (1956) attributed Coulter's findings to sampling fluctuation, pointing out the ... Rubenstein G (1996). "Two peoples in one land: A validation study of Altemeyer's Right-Wing Authoritarianism Scale in the ... A central idea of The Authoritarian Personality is that authoritarianism is the result of a Freudian developmental model. ...
Friedman, Rafael (2017-05-23). "Authoritarianism in Zambia". Helen Suzman Foundation. Retrieved 2021-02-16. v t e. ...
Comparison of Democracy, Authoritarianism, and Totalitarianism Democracy Authoritarianism Totalitarianism SOURCE: Courtesy of ... Types of Authoritarianism. There are as many variations of authoritarianism as there are of democracy. The three main forms, ... Authoritarianism International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences COPYRIGHT 2008 Thomson Gale. Authoritarianism. DEFINING ... DEFINING FEATURES OF AUTHORITARIANISM. Defining features of authoritarianism include the existence of a single leader or small ...
... born of a global virus or an all-American homegrown authoritarianism, let our generation be no less prepared than any other ... Authoritarianism vs. Democracy , Opinion. Marianne Williamson , Newsweek columnist, best-selling author and activist On 5/11/21 ... Authoritarianism isnt concentrated today in one specific institutional reality; rather, its tentacles are in many places, from ... But unlike viruses that affect the body, authoritarianism is a virus that doesnt just attack its host. In many cases, its ...
Violence is the whole essence of authoritarianism, just as the repudiation of violence is the whole essence of anarchism. * ... However sugarcoated and ambiguous, every form of authoritarianism must start with a belief in some groups greater right to ... Growth of Authoritarianism in America. *"Are we entering the age of the autocrat?" by Francis Fukuyama, in The Washington Post ... Most fundamentally, I would see Anarchism as a synonym for anti-authoritarianism. *John Zerzan, in Running on Emptiness: The ...
Totalitarianism is an extreme version of authoritarianism. Authoritarianism primarily differs from totalitarianism in that ... Authoritarianism is marked by "indefinite political tenure" of the ruler or ruling party (often in a one-party state) or other ... Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by the rejection of political plurality, the use of a strong central ... James M. Malloy, Authoritarianism and Corporatism in Latin America: The Modal Pattern, in Democracy in Latin America: Patterns ...
Anti-authoritarianism is opposition to authoritarianism, which is defined as "a form of social organisation characterised by ... Anti-authoritarianism has also been associated with countercultural and bohemian movements. In the 1950s, the Beat Generation ... Anarchist historian George Woodcock report of Mikhail Bakunins anti-authoritarianism and shows opposition to both state and ... there was a strong sense of anti-authoritarianism based on anti-fascism in Europe. This was attributed to the active resistance ...
One case that has fueled fears of authoritarianism is that of two investigative reporters who were indicted as part of an ... Critics say that such cases are evidence that Turkey is sliding toward authoritarianism, even as it is lauded by Western ...
Not only is the press under attack - a dangerous move towards authoritarianism - voicing ones personal opinion on the ...
Energy And Authoritarianism. in Resource Crisis - by Richard Heinberg - September 27, 2017 ... Could declining world energy result in a turn toward authoritarianism by governments around the world? As we will see, there is ... The Anthropology and History of Authoritarianism and Democracy. It is often asserted that democracy began in ancient Greece. ... How could nations in the "democracy" or "flawed democracy" categories resist a tendency to slide toward authoritarianism? It ...
Cryptocurrency Might be a Path to Authoritarianism. Extreme libertarians built blockchain to decentralize government and ...
All about Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics by weilerjonathand. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social ... Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics. by weilerjonathand. Members. Reviews. Popularity. Average rating. ...
How Authoritarianism Short-Circuits the Lizard Brain. The GOPs slavish groveling overrides - for once - its basic instinct for ... What accounts for this astonishing behavior? I have written before about American conservatives authoritarianism, a trait that ... The transcendent power of authoritarianism over immature minds can explain otherwise baffling incidents in history. Why did ...
authoritarianism. 2009 H1N1 Vaccine Caused Brain Damage in Children. Dr. Anthony Fauci on "Vaccine Safety" Issues By Prof ...
... Find out what POTUS can do to step up and protect the country. Jon Bowne ... The only way to counter the crazed authoritarianism of the left and others in Congress is to unleash old laws on the books, ...
Why is authoritarianism on the rise?. Because, per the 10th comment, the current elites have failed and failed comprehensively ... Why is authoritarianism on the rise?. by Tyler Cowen April 4, 2017 at 2:57 am in *Current Affairs ... The talk of "authoritarianism on the rise" is too fluffy. You can assign anyone you dont like as "authoritarian" to discredit ... At least "authoritarianism" means something. Is Hilary Clinton elite while Trump is not? Is Angela Merkel elite but not Xi ...
Montreal will give a talk on Is Erdogans Turkey Sliding into Authoritarianism? in which he will report back from an ... https://www.concordia.ca/content/shared/en/events/main/2017/03/23/is-erdogan-s-turkey-sliding-into-authoritarianism-.html ...
I. What is American authoritarianism?. II. The discovery. III. How authoritarianism works. IV. What can authoritarianism ... Is Americas changing social landscape "activating" authoritarianism?. But the research on authoritarianism suggests its not ... How authoritarianism works. A 2010 protest against President Obama.. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images. In the early 2000s, as ... What can authoritarianism explain?. Mark Wallheiser/Getty Images. In early February, shortly after Trump finished second in the ...
Turkey: authoritarianism and academic closure. The regimes growing assaults on journalists, intellectuals and academics at ... In competitive authoritarianism, Levitsky and Way continue, incumbents manipulation of the state debilitates at least one of ... In their seminal work, S. Levitsky and L. Way describe competitive authoritarianism as "civilian regimes in which formal ... In this context, we see that the Turkish authorities sought to divert the regime into competitive authoritarianism long before ...
Simmering anger at Erdogans authoritarianism boils over in Turkey. By Ayla Jean Yackley ... but they have exploded in a show of defiance at what many see as the creeping authoritarianism of Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan ...
The latent authoritarianism of Daily News is an expression of the internalized belief that police are good guys who keep a lid ...
On the evening of July 15, 2016, the inhabitants of Ankara and Istanbul left their dinner tables in panic and rushed to their windows and balconies. What they saw was shocking and surreal, if not apocalyptic: tanks closing the Bosphorus bridge in
Chinas Communist Party abolishes constitutional limits on presidential terms, clearing the way for President Xi Jinping to lead indefinitely and ending U.S. hopes for liberal change in China.
The recent unlawful detention of a journalist and politician is the latest in a series of moves by Muhammadu Buharis administration that weaken the rule of law.
Is Hong Kong Separate to China? Five Instances That Show Beijings Creeping Authoritarianism. ...
The Effect of Socio-economic Status on Authoritarianism in DOAJ. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access ... But it is noteworthy to say that the relationship between base and authoritarianism is not direct and leads to authoritarianism ... Authoritarianism Scale items were composed of 9 items derived from well-known scales measuring these variables. In this study, ... It should be noted that this is the first experimental research on the authoritarianism problem in Iranian society and there is ...
My first known ancestor in the Americas was an Ashanti woman called "the African." We dont know her name, but through records kept by slaveholders, we know she existed.. We know she was transported to Jamaica, where my known lineage began. These records of property bought and sold were a form of surveillance at the time. Early technologies, and the policies and practices that undergird them, were forged to separate the citizen from the slave. The slave passes, branding, and lantern laws of then have become the cellphone trackers, facial recognition software, and body-worn police cameras of now. Their mission, however, hasnt changed much-to catch and control black dissidence-only now theyre doing so in a digital age.. These technologies have been incorporated into the law enforcement process at every level, from predictive algorithms for assessing pre-trial risk and criminal activity to widely adopted police technologies that face little to no oversight. These technologies-including cell-site ...
... the diffusion of authoritarianism in Latin America. [Kurt Gerhard Weyland] -- Why did so many Latin American leftists believe ... Authoritarianism--Latin America--History--20th century a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Authoritarianism--Latin America-- ... Authoritarianism a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Authoritarianism"@en ;. . ... Authoritarianism -- Latin America -- History -- 20th century. * Right and left (Political science) -- Latin America -- History ...
From Democratization to the Restoration of Authoritarianism. Chapter:. (p.202) 8 Egypt. Source:. Islam and Democracy after the ... Keywords: Egyptian politics, Egypt, democratization, democracy, Arab autocracy, authoritarianism, Arab Spring, uprising, ...
Feminist blogger Kellie-Jay Keen-Minshull raised £700 to put up a billboard in Liverpool with a message defining a "woman" as an "adult human female"-in other words, a person with two "x" chromosomes. As this is the biological, dictionary definition of a female, you might wonder why this would be remotely controversial. But Dr. Adrian Harrop, a male transgender activist, recently complained to the billboard company that the sign would make trans people feel "unsafe," so they took it down. He doesnt call the sign inaccurate, but believes its a dog whistle to transphobes.. Harrops concern is that the biological definition doesnt include transgender women. He defines a woman as "a person who identifies as a woman," and believes that the dictionary definitions not "appropriate in a modern and progressive society." Not being appropriate in the U.K. today often means its illegal, as evidenced by London mayor Sadiq Khans banning of an advertisement featuring a fit woman in a bikini, which he ...
Comments are closed · Topics: authoritarianism, book, Ellen Hinsey, EU, Europe, European Union, illiberalism, Mastering the ... Comments are closed · Topics: authoritarianism, Crimea, democracy, Europe, European Union, revolution, Russia, Soviet Union ... Comments are closed · Topics: acclamation, Adorno, authoritarianism, culture, Ernst Bloch, ethics, gullibility, introduction, ... Comments are closed · Topics: authoritarianism, book competition, Eastern Europe, Ellen Hinsey, Europe, fascism, illiberalism, ...
The intimate connection between religion and authoritarianism September 15, 2009 Epiphenom Patheos Explore the worlds faith ... The intimate connection between religion and authoritarianism. September 15, 2009 by Epiphenom ...
  • Social Dominance Orientation and Right Wing Authoritarianism as ideological motivation for supporting and participating in online harassment of politicians. (uio.no)
  • Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the potential ideological motivations of harassers and supporters of harassment by measuring Social dominance Orientation and Right Wing Authoritarianism - along with willingness to support and engage in harassment. (uio.no)
  • They found that Italians who were higher in right-wing authoritarianism and negative affectivity were more likely to engage in problematic behaviors like panic buying and anti-Asian discrimination. (psypost.org)
  • The questionnaires included a measure of right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), a personality trait that involves a tendency to submit to authority and to endorse traditional views. (psypost.org)
  • An analysis of the questionnaires found that respondents who scored higher in right-wing authoritarianism and negative affectivity engaged in more maladaptive behaviors during this early phase of the pandemic. (psypost.org)
  • Faced with this uncertainty, people with negative affectivity may have been eager for social control, which manifested as the endorsement of right-wing authoritarianism. (psypost.org)
  • Said another way, the effect of right-wing authoritarianism on problem behaviors was more likely to occur among those with greater worry about being infected with the virus. (psypost.org)
  • Today, my goal is to explain the manifestation of the authoritarian impulse within the Regressive Left and characterize it according to Left-Wing Authoritarianism , an adaptation of an established psychosocial concept known as Right-Wing Authoritarianism . (blogspot.nl)
  • Right-Wing Authoritarianism is "a personality and ideological variable" characterized by three attitudes (drawing from the Wikipedia entry, linked to above, these being drawn ultimately from Bob Altemeyer's analysis . (blogspot.nl)
  • Odd as it sounds, Right-Wing Authoritarianism need not correlate with right-wing political attitudes, but attempts to attach it to left-wing attidudes have proven difficult. (blogspot.nl)
  • Not only is the press under attack - a dangerous move towards authoritarianism - voicing one's personal opinion on the government has been put back on the list of punishable offenses. (greenleft.org.au)
  • In which fields Turkey`s regime has transformed towards authoritarianism? (uni-flensburg.de)
  • What worries me most about this situation is that the conservatives, seeing the old ways threatened, are driven towards authoritarianism. (clubtroppo.com.au)
  • Is the World on a slow march towards authoritarianism? (limacharlienews.com)
  • The West, after many years and many rounds of criticisms launched at the rest of the world, at dictators and authoritarian regimes of all types, from left to right, is now facing its own not-so-slow march towards authoritarianism. (limacharlienews.com)
  • Is this move towards authoritarianism really that novel? (limacharlienews.com)
  • In competitive authoritarianism, Levitsky and Way continue, incumbents' manipulation of the state debilitates at least one of the fundamental attributes of democracy - namely, free elections, civil liberties, and a level playing field. (opendemocracy.net)
  • American and European political science has for decades been busy with "transitions to democracy" and the evaluation of their relative successes (even though there is a recent shift toward the study of authoritarianism), and in International Relations, China seemed to be the only possible opponent to U.S. unilateral hegemony. (telospress.com)
  • Former Secretary of State and twice-failed Democrat presidential candidate Hillary Clinton claimed Wednesday that Republican-led voter integrity bills in several states represent a "clear attempt to move away from a pluralistic, multi-racial democracy and toward white supremacist authoritarianism. (whatreallyhappened.com)
  • Modern democracy, which in reality is still in its infancy, is being undermined from within and without by different types of authoritarianism. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Authoritarianism is not simply the absence of democracy but its own political beast-really a menagerie of very different beasts-with multiple modi operandi. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • Authoritarianism is not simply the absence of democracy but its own political beast-really a menagerie of very different beasts. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • Illiberal democracy and electoral authoritarianism can both be seen in practice around the world today. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • Although the specter of illiberal democracy is imminent but could soon evaporate, the United States' vulnerability to electoral authoritarianism is both long-standing and likely to persist, regardless of what transpires in the midterm elections and in elections to come. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • Southeast Asia offers a cornucopia of examples of both illiberal democracy and electoral authoritarianism in practice. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • Rethinking the relationship between democracy and development in the context of East Africa's successful authoritarianism. (graphitepublications.com)
  • Is such a pallid life always already implicit in the functioning of liberal democracy under capital as its subjects vote in authoritarianism? (uchicago.edu)
  • Brown, Gordon, and Pensky give us an insightful analysis of the dialectics and dynamics of authoritarianism, neo-liberalism, and democracy. (uchicago.edu)
  • One is electoral authoritarianism, in which rulers win power through elections, but those elections are either manipulated or the playing field between incumbents and opponents between elections is far from fair. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • Electoral authoritarianism is typically the collective enterprise of a ruling party. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • Singapore, on the other hand, furnishes an especially telling example of electoral authoritarianism. (foreignaffairs.com)
  • Under electoral authoritarianism, the opposition's victory at the polls often precipitates regime change. (ssrn.com)
  • electoral authoritarianism , democratization , and democratic survival . (google.com)
  • In a related project , I use international regime diffusion as an instrument to test the causal effect of electoral authoritarianism on policy and human development outcomes. (google.com)
  • The Strategic Origins of Electoral Authoritarianism. (google.com)
  • This paper argues that transitions to electoral authoritarianism (EA) follow a strategic calculus in which autocrats balance international incentives to hold elections against the costs and risks of controlling them. (google.com)
  • So MacWilliams naturally wondered if authoritarianism might correlate with support for Trump. (vox.com)
  • He polled a large sample of likely voters, looking for correlations between support for Trump and views that align with authoritarianism. (vox.com)
  • W hat he found was astonishing: Not only did authoritarianism correlate, but it seemed to predict support for Trump more reliably than virtually any other indicator. (vox.com)
  • I have a piece at the Washington Post' s PostEverything that tries to cut through some of the debate over Trump and authoritarianism . (lawyersgunsmoneyblog.com)
  • The first one was that, yes, scoring high on the authoritarianism questions was very predictive of support for Trump. (rustyroarenterprises.com)
  • He's done 2 polls, both of which found that authoritarianism is not only strongly predictive of Trump support, but that it seems to do a better job of predicting it than virtually any other factor. (rustyroarenterprises.com)
  • Is model Turkey sliding into authoritarianism? (csmonitor.com)
  • Critics say that such cases are evidence that Turkey is sliding toward authoritarianism, even as it is lauded by Western governments as a role model for the Middle East - particularly in the wake of this year's Arab uprisings. (csmonitor.com)
  • Anti-authoritarianism is opposition to authoritarianism, which is defined as "a form of social organisation characterised by submission to authority", "favoring complete obedience or subjection to authority as opposed to individual freedom" and to authoritarian government. (wikipedia.org)
  • After World War II, there was a strong sense of anti-authoritarianism based on anti-fascism in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anti-authoritarianism has also been associated with countercultural and bohemian movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1970s, anti-authoritarianism became associated with the punk subculture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Populist Authoritarianism as an original theoretical framework in understanding authoritarian regimes in general and the dynamics of Chinese politics in particular. (oup.com)
  • Populist Authoritarianism f ocuses on the Chinese Communist Party, which governs the world's largest population in a single-party authoritarian state. (oup.com)
  • The book proposes a theoretical framework of Populist Authoritarianism with six key elements, including the Mass Line ideology, accumulation of social capital, public political activism and contentious politics, a hyper-responsive government, weak political and civil institutions, and a high level of regime trust. (oup.com)
  • These traits of Populist Authoritarianism are supported by empirical evidence drawn from multiple public opinion surveys conducted from 1987 to 2015. (oup.com)
  • In this slim volume, three authors bring critical theory to bear on the swelling, confounding conjuncture of neoliberal, market fundamentalism and right-wing, nativist, racist, reactionary populist authoritarianism. (uchicago.edu)
  • Over the last decade, Turkey's regime under AKP leadership has devoted itself to competitive authoritarianism. (opendemocracy.net)
  • In their seminal work , S. Levitsky and L. Way describe competitive authoritarianism as "civilian regimes in which formal democratic institutions exist and are widely viewed as the primary means of gaining power, but in which incumbents' abuse of the state places them at a significant advantage vis-à-vis their opponents. (opendemocracy.net)
  • In this context, we see that the Turkish authorities sought to divert the regime into competitive authoritarianism long before the military coup attempt on July 2016. (opendemocracy.net)
  • This hardly seems the stuff of authoritarianism, let alone totalitarianism. (lawyersgunsmoneyblog.com)
  • Totalitarianism is generally considered to be an extreme version of authoritarianism. (academic.ru)
  • It will appeal to graduate students and researchers in Latin American politics, democratization, and authoritarianism. (worldcat.org)
  • The hypothesis was tested on four different measures of democratization and/or authoritarianism, using a parasite stress measure derived from a modern epidemiological database. (raypeatforum.com)
  • Exposing authoritarianism in unexamined and unexpected arenas can help protect, strengthen, and repair democracies. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Revealing hidden authoritarianism can disempower a deep-seated obstacle to healthier democracies and intelligent problem-solving. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Each assesses the prospect of fascism or authoritarianism from the standpoint of an American citizenry that could be either apathetic or engaged, with civic apathy being a great danger in this setting. (thepublicdiscourse.com)
  • It demonstrates that there's no "special sauce" that insulates the United States from autocratic policies, kleptocracy and zones of outright authoritarianism. (lawyersgunsmoneyblog.com)
  • 21st century authoritarianism cannot be dissociated from kleptocracy. (demdigest.org)
  • John Duckitt of the University of the Witwatersrand has suggests a link between authoritarianism and collectivism , asseritng that both are in opposition to individualism . (academic.ru)
  • One case that has fueled fears of authoritarianism is that of two investigative reporters who were indicted as part of an antiterror probe targeting alleged ultrasecularist coup plotters. (csmonitor.com)
  • Despite the extensive amount of research on authoritarianism in Western societies, few have been conducted in developing countries. (doaj.org)
  • People's deep conditioning to want saviors offering certainty underlies why authoritarianism has such a strong hold and keeps reappearing in democratic societies. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Indeed, I hope to do so by defining a general Ideological Authoritarianism and letting Left- and Right-Wing variants define themselves accordingly. (blogspot.nl)
  • A brilliant and urgent assessment of democracy's current crisis and capitalism's increasing authoritarianism. (uchicago.edu)
  • Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by the rejection of political plurality, the use of a strong central power to preserve the political status quo, and reductions in the rule of law, separation of powers, and democratic voting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Authoritarianism Scale items were composed of 9 items derived from well-known scales measuring these variables. (doaj.org)
  • The importance of the study of Authoritarianism in Iranian society goes to the Constitutional Revolution (August 1906), when this issue has been in Iranian intellectual discourse. (doaj.org)
  • Authoritarianism is a term political scientists use for a worldview that values order and authority, and distrusts outsiders and social change. (rustyroarenterprises.com)
  • Henry Giroux explores politics post Barack Obama and assesses the threat of a new, soft form of authoritarianism arising in the U.S. (texasprogressivevoices.org)
  • The Australian Medical Council draft code of professional conduct: good practice or creeping authoritarianism? (mja.com.au)
  • Like diseases of the immune system that occur when immune cells start attacking the very body it is meant to protect, millions of American citizens are perversely motivated to embrace authoritarianism, even seem to enjoy it. (newsweek.com)
  • Authoritarianism also tends to embrace the informal and unregulated exercise of political power, a leadership that is "self-appointed and even if elected cannot be displaced by citizens' free choice among competitors", the arbitrary deprivation of civil liberties and little tolerance for meaningful opposition. (wikipedia.org)
  • I have written before about American conservatives' authoritarianism , a trait that has starkly accelerated during Trump's period of riotous misrule. (commondreams.org)
  • As I make clear in my book Battlefield America: The War on the American People , we have moved beyond the era of representative government and entered a new age-the age of authoritarianism. (prn.fm)
  • Only two of the variables I looked at were statistically significant: authoritarianism, followed by fear of terrorism, though the former was far more significant than the latter….Authoritarianism is not a new, untested concept in the American electorate. (rinabrundu.com)
  • However sugarcoated and ambiguous, every form of authoritarianism must start with a belief in some group's greater right to power, whether that right is justified by sex, race, class, religion or all four. (wikiquote.org)
  • Authoritarianism describes a form of government characterized by an emphasis on the authority of the state in a republic or union. (academic.ru)
  • Beneath the visible authoritarianism in politics, corporations, and personalities is a far more pervasive, covert, age-old authoritarianism. (elephantjournal.com)
  • But unlike viruses that affect the body, authoritarianism is a virus that doesn't just attack its host. (newsweek.com)
  • Others argue that collectivism, properly defined, is based on consensus decision-making , the opposite of authoritarianism. (academic.ru)
  • Vestal writes that the tendency to respond to challenges to authoritarianism through tighter control instead of adaptation is a significant weakness, and that this overly rigid approach fails to "adapt to changes or to accommodate growing demands on the part of the populace or even groups within the system. (academic.ru)