Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation in US and non-US centres: results of the Benchmark Registry. (1/79)AIMS: To examine differences in patient characteristics and outcomes in 19636 patients enrolled in the USA and 3027 patients enrolled in other countries undergoing intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Indications for IABP use; a larger percentage of US patients were identified as 'early support and stabilization for angiography or angioplasty' (21.1% US vs 11.8% non-US), and 'pre-operative support for high-risk CABG' (15.9% vs 6.6%). A smaller percentage of US patients vs non-US patients were identified as 'weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass' (14.3% vs 28.2%), and 'refractory ventricular failure' (6.2% vs 9.8%). One out of five patients in both groups was listed as 'cardiogenic shock' (18.9% US vs 20.2% non-US). All cause, risk-adjusted, in-hospital mortality (20.1% vs 28.7%; P<0.001), and mortality with IABP in place (10.8% vs 18.0%; P<0.001) were lower at US vs non-US sites. In both US and non-US institutions, IABP associated complication rates, such as IABP-related mortality (0.05% vs 0.07%), major limb ischaemia (0.9% vs 0.8%), and severe bleeding (0.9% vs 0.8%), were low. CONCLUSIONS: IABP counterpulsation is deployed at an earlier clinical stage in US patients. Mortality rates are higher for non-US patients, particularly for patients with non-surgery cardiac interventions, even after adjusting for risk factors. Complication rates were low. Physicians should therefore not be reluctant to use IABP in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac procedures. (+info)
International variation in the use of evidence-based medicines for acute coronary syndromes. (2/79)AIMS: We sought to evaluate international patterns of use and factors influencing use of evidence-based medications early after ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a database of 15904 ACS patients enrolled in the SYMPHONY and 2nd SYMPHONY trials in 37 countries, we performed descriptive and logistic regression analyses. After controlling for other factors, region was significantly associated with the use of every class of evidence-based medication, most pronounced for intravenous unfractionated heparin (IV UFH), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), angiotensin II converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and discharge use of lipid-lowering agents. Latin America and Eastern Europe were among the highest users of early ACEI, yet the lowest users of discharge lipid-lowering therapy. Relative to the United States, all regions except Canada had greater use of LMWH and lower use of IV UFH. Compared with patients with acute myocardial infarction, those with unstable angina less often received aspirin, beta-blockers, ACEI, or IV UFH. Older age was associated with lower use of aspirin, beta-blockers, IV UFH, and lipid-lowering agents. CONCLUSIONS: Use of evidence-based therapies for management of ACS patients is strongly associated with region. To improve patient outcomes, more research is needed to understand this variation, and to institute appropriate solutions. (+info)
Evolution of duplicate control regions in the mitochondrial genomes of metazoa: a case study with Australasian Ixodes ticks. (3/79)To investigate the evolution pattern and phylogenetic utility of duplicate control regions (CRs) in mitochondrial (mt) genomes, we sequenced the entire mt genomes of three Ixodes species and part of the mt genomes of another 11 species. All the species from the Australasian lineage have duplicate CRs, whereas the other species have one CR. Sequence analyses indicate that the two CRs of the Australasian Ixodes ticks have evolved in concert in each species. In addition to the Australasian Ixodes ticks, species from seven other lineages of metazoa also have mt genomes with duplicate CRs. Accumulated mtDNA sequence data from these metazoans and two recent experiments on replication of mt genomes in human cell lines with duplicate CRs allowed us to re-examine four intriguing questions about the presence of duplicate CRs in the mt genomes of metazoa: (1) Why do some mt genomes, but not others, have duplicate CRs? (2) How did mt genomes with duplicate CRs evolve? (3) How could the nucleotide sequences of duplicate CRs remain identical or very similar over evolutionary time? (4) Are duplicate CRs phylogenetic markers? It appears that mt genomes with duplicate CRs have a selective advantage in replication over mt genomes with one CR. Tandem duplication followed by deletion of genes is the most plausible mechanism for the generation of mt genomes with duplicate CRs. Once duplicate CRs occur in an mt genome, they tend to evolve in concert, probably by gene conversion. However, there are lineages where gene conversion may not always occur, and, thus, the two CRs may evolve independently in these lineages. Duplicate CRs have much potential as phylogenetic markers at low taxonomic levels, such as within genera, within families, or among families, but not at high taxonomic levels, such as among orders. (+info)
Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domestication. (4/79)Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences from 686 wild and domestic pig specimens place the origin of wild boar in island Southeast Asia (ISEA), where they dispersed across Eurasia. Previous morphological and genetic evidence suggested pig domestication took place in a limited number of locations (principally the Near East and Far East). In contrast, new genetic data reveal multiple centers of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than Near Eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs. (+info)
External quality assurance of DNA testing for thrombophilia mutations. (5/79)Because of the potential implications of results of genetic analyses of thrombophilic mutations, laboratories must undertake stringent internal quality control measures and participate in external quality assurance (QA) programs. A small number of external QA surveys of thrombophilic defects have been conducted across a large number of molecular laboratories and generally have indicated favorable levels of correct responses. The Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia QA program has conducted external QA testing of factor V Leiden G1691 A, prothrombin G20210A, and MTHFR C677T gene mutations for the past 5 years, including 133 DNA samples in 10 multilaboratory surveys. Of 3,799 responses, the overall success rate was 98.63%; the poorest individual sample result was 15% incorrect for a homozygous factor V Leiden sample. Success rates in identifying specific mutations were 98.13% for factor V Leiden, 98.84% for prothrombin G20210A, and 99.3% for the MTHFR C677T mutation. Among responding laboratories, 51% (20/39) made at least 1 error; 3 of 39 laboratories were responsible for 46% of all errors (24/52). Although encouraging, these data underscore the need for ongoing participation of molecular diagnostic laboratories in external QA programs to ensure the provision of quality genetic testing services. (+info)
Single, rapid coastal settlement of Asia revealed by analysis of complete mitochondrial genomes. (6/79)A recent dispersal of modern humans out of Africa is now widely accepted, but the routes taken across Eurasia are still disputed. We show that mitochondrial DNA variation in isolated "relict" populations in southeast Asia supports the view that there was only a single dispersal from Africa, most likely via a southern coastal route, through India and onward into southeast Asia and Australasia. There was an early offshoot, leading ultimately to the settlement of the Near East and Europe, but the main dispersal from India to Australia approximately 65,000 years ago was rapid, most likely taking only a few thousand years. (+info)
Smoking, quitting, and the risk of cardiovascular disease among women and men in the Asia-Pacific region. (7/79)BACKGROUND: Although smoking is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, it has been suggested that Asians may be less susceptible to the adverse effects of smoking than Caucasians. This may have contributed to the high prevalence of smoking, and the low quitting rates, in Asian men. Worldwide, smoking rates are increasing for women, amongst whom cardiovascular awareness is relatively poor. METHODS: An individual participant data analysis of 40 cohort studies was carried out, involving 463 674 Asians (33% female) and 98 664 Australasians (45% female). Cox proportional hazard models, stratified by study and sex where appropriate, were employed. RESULTS: The HR [95% confidence interval (CI)], comparing current smokers with non-smokers, for coronary heart disease (CHD) was 1.60 (1.49-1.72); haemorrhagic stroke 1.19 (1.06-1.33); ischaemic stroke 1.38 (1.24-1.54). There was a clear dose-response relationship between the number of cigarettes smoked per day and both CHD and stroke, with no significant difference (P >/= 0.20) between populations from Asia and Australia/New Zealand. Although there was no sex difference for stroke in the effect of amount smoked (P = 0.16), for CHD, women tended to have higher hazard ratios than men (P = 0.011). Quitting gave a clear benefit, which was not significantly different between the sexes or regions (P > 0.63). The HR (CI) for ex-smokers compared with current smokers was 0.71 (0.64-0.78) for CHD and 0.84 (0.76-0.92) for stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Unless urgent public health measures are put into place, the impact of the smoking epidemic in Asia, and among women, will be enormous. Tobacco control policies that specifically target these populations are essential. (+info)
Relation between baseline risk and treatment decisions in non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes: an examination of international practice patterns. (8/79)OBJECTIVES: To examine the interaction between ST segment depression on the baseline ECG and subsequent in-hospital revascularisation on six month mortality among patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes. To examine whether ST segment depression influenced clinical decision making and whether there was international variation in the use of cardiac procedures across ST segment depression categories. METHODS: 11 453 patients enrolled in GUSTO-IIB (global use of strategies to open occluded coronary arteries), PARAGON (platelet IIb/IIIa antagonism for the reduction of acute coronary syndrome events in a global organisation network) -A, and PARAGON-B were studied. Patients were categorised as having no ST segment depression, 1 mm ST segment depression in two contiguous leads, and ST segment depression > or = 2 mm in two contiguous leads. International practice across four geographic regions was examined: USA, Canada, Europe, and Australia/New Zealand. RESULTS: Revascularisation appeared to have no impact on survival among patients with no ST segment depression; however, revascularisation was associated with a significant survival benefit among patients with ST segment depression > or = 1 mm. There was an inverse relation between the extent of ST segment depression and the use of angiography as well as angioplasty (p < 0.01). However, patients with ST segment depression > or = 2 mm were more likely to undergo bypass surgery. The only significant trend of increasing use of revascularisation procedures with increasing ST segment depression was observed in the USA. CONCLUSIONS: International practice patterns in procedure use appear to be insensitive to the extent of ST segment depression. Major opportunities for more efficient delivery of care exist in all regions. (+info)
In the medical field, Australasia generally refers to the region that includes Australia and New Zealand, as well as the surrounding islands and territories. This region is known for its unique flora and fauna, as well as its high rates of skin cancer due to the region's location in the southern hemisphere and its high levels of ultraviolet radiation. Medical research and treatment in Australasia often focuses on issues related to these unique characteristics of the region, as well as on broader health concerns such as infectious diseases, chronic conditions, and mental health.
In the medical field, "Australia" typically refers to the country located in the southern hemisphere, which is known for its unique flora and fauna, as well as its diverse population and healthcare system. Australia has a well-developed healthcare system that is publicly funded through a combination of taxes and government subsidies. The country has a universal healthcare system known as Medicare, which provides free or low-cost medical services to all citizens and permanent residents. In addition to its public healthcare system, Australia also has a thriving private healthcare sector, which includes hospitals, clinics, and specialist medical practices. Many Australians also have private health insurance, which can provide additional coverage for medical services that are not covered by Medicare. Overall, the medical field in Australia is highly advanced and well-regarded, with a strong emphasis on research, innovation, and patient-centered care.
In the medical field, "Asia" typically refers to the continent of Asia, which is home to a diverse range of cultures, languages, and ethnic groups. The region is known for its high population density, rapid economic growth, and unique healthcare systems. In the context of medicine, "Asia" may also refer to the prevalence of certain diseases or health conditions that are more common in this region, such as tuberculosis, hepatitis B, and certain types of cancer. Additionally, medical research and clinical trials may be conducted in Asia to study the effectiveness of new treatments or medications in this population. Overall, the term "Asia" in the medical field is used to describe the geographical region and its unique healthcare and epidemiological characteristics.
BIR - Australasia
Weather Map and Snow Conditions for Australasia
Scottish Dance groups in Australasia
Museums Australasia 2016 - MGNSW
Mosmatic Australasia - Roman Brändle
World Travel Awards Asia & Australasia Gala Ceremony 2014 | Events | Breaking Travel News
Events | ICF Australasia Charter Chapter
Man charged with arson in Australia's deadly wildfire - eb247 - News - Australasia - Emirates24|7
Martin Randall Australasia | Martin Randall Travel
HBI Holdings Australasia Pty Ltd - Company Profile Report | IBISWorld
Contact Us - Eczema Association of Australasia Inc
Frequentis Australasia to develop drone integration platform for Airservices Australia - CANSO
Table 1 - Proficiency of Nucleic Acid Tests for Avian Influenza Viruses, Australasia - Volume 14, Number 7-July 2008 - Emerging...
Dr. Pat Delaney - BWM Field Administrator for Asia and Australasia - Baptist World Mission
Stamp News Australasia - June 2021 by Stamp News Australasia - Issuu
Submissions of the Plaintiffs (BAT Australasia Ltd; BAT (Investments) Ltd; BAT Australia Ltd) | WHO FCTC
Business Directory - Trenchless Australasia
Australasia's Quest Apartment inks deal with Amadeus for business travel insights - TravelBiz Monitor: India travel news,...
Australasia's Southern Cross Cable Network Deploys First 100G Subsea Cable in CoreSite Silicon Valley Data Center Campus
Ferrari Australasia Pty Ltd - California T, 458 Speciale, 458 Speciale Aperta, 488GTB, 488 Spider, F12 Berlinetta, FF, F12 TDF...
The Stranger on the Road to Emmaus (Traditional Chinese) - GoodSeed Australasia
Colouring Book of Flags: Australasia and the South Pacific
AUSTRALASIA'S BEST BOUTIQUE BEACH HOTEL IS AWARDED TO PACIFIC RESORT RAROTONGA AT 2015 WORLD BOUTIQUE HOTEL AWARDS - Pacific...
Geography | Around the World | Australasia | Free DocsPlus teaching resources from Crick Software | LearningGrids.com
Thinking globally while selling locally- eStar CEO Andrew Buxton at the Retail Australasia Summit
Bay of Many Coves - Luxury Hotel In Australasia | Jacada Travel
MMI Announced as Gold Sponsor of Hazards Australasia 2015 | MMI Joins Thornton Tomasetti
- Locally, Frequentis Australasia will work with FlyFreely, a highly respected Brisbane-based UAS Service Supplier (USS) as well as a team of researchers from the Industrial AI research centre at the University of South Australia (Uni SA) who will expand the FIMS platform modelling and functionality with AI capability. (canso.org)
- National Dancing Association of Australia (affilliated with Ballet Australasia Ltd. (scottishdance.net)
- Frequentis Australasia is also part of the OneSKY program for Airservices Australia and the Department of Defence, as a sub-contractor to Thales, supplying its end-to-end Internet Protocol (IP) Voice Communications System (VCS) and Airfield Management systems (AFM). (canso.org)
- Trenchless Australasia is the leading source of news and information in Australia and New Zealand. (trenchless-australasia.com)
- Pueblo nativo o habitante de AUSTRALASIA, que incluye AUSTRALIA y NUEVA ZELANDA. (bvsalud.org)
- People native to or inhabitants of AUSTRALASIA including AUSTRALIA and NEW ZEALAND. (bvsalud.org)
- In this paper, we examine the regulatory approaches to regulating shift work in four different regions: Europe, North America, Australasia, and East Asia (Japan, China, and Korea). (cdc.gov)
- This is the second HAZARDS Australasia event after Perth 2013 and is fast becoming recognised as the premier process safety event in the region alongside HAZARDS Asia Pacific in KL. (mmiengineering.com)
- Here you'll find the best selection of our pictures from Australasia & Pacific. (earthlooping.com)
- Get a high-level overview of HBI Holdings Australasia Pty Ltd, including registered business details, an enterprise synopsis, SWOT analysis and main brands and products. (ibisworld.com)
- Human Genetics Society of Australasia Position Statement: Genetic Carrier Testing for Recessive Conditions. (cdc.gov)
- We outline the key personnel at HBI Holdings Australasia Pty Ltd by position type and title. (ibisworld.com)
Royal College of1
- Dr. Rao qualified as a Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia (FRCPA). (nih.gov)
- Trenchless Australasia is the leading source of news and information in Australia and New Zealand. (trenchless-australasia.com)
- Academies Australasia is a unique education group with a wide range of operations offering English language, senior high school, Singapore Government School Preparatory, certificate, diploma, advanced diploma and higher education courses. (edu.au)
- With Academies Australasia Institute (AAI) and Language Links International (LLI) offering English and academic pathway programs to Murdoch University, you will have the ability to apply for a Packaged Letter of Offer with Murdoch University. (edu.au)
- Jardine said CLIA Australasia agents will be promoted as the exclusive source for special Cruise Week deals. (seatrade-cruise.com)