Instruments intended to detect and study sound produced by the heart, lungs, or other parts of the body. (from UMDNS, 1999)
Heart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart. Heart murmurs can be examined by HEART AUSCULTATION, and analyzed by their intensity (6 grades), duration, timing (systolic, diastolic, or continuous), location, transmission, and quality (musical, vibratory, blowing, etc).
The sounds heard over the cardiac region produced by the functioning of the heart. There are four distinct sounds: the first occurs at the beginning of SYSTOLE and is heard as a "lubb" sound; the second is produced by the closing of the AORTIC VALVE and PULMONARY VALVE and is heard as a "dupp" sound; the third is produced by vibrations of the ventricular walls when suddenly distended by the rush of blood from the HEART ATRIA; and the fourth is produced by atrial contraction and ventricular filling.
Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Graphic registration of the heart sounds picked up as vibrations and transformed by a piezoelectric crystal microphone into a varying electrical output according to the stresses imposed by the sound waves. The electrical output is amplified by a stethograph amplifier and recorded by a device incorporated into the electrocardiograph or by a multichannel recording machine.
An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
Instructional materials used in teaching.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.
Urologic Surgical Procedures
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.
Education, Medical, Undergraduate
Biological Science Disciplines
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Directories as Topic
Polycystic Kidney Diseases
Ventricular Outflow Obstruction
Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.
Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant
TRPP Cation Channels
A subgroup of TRP cation channels that are widely expressed in various cell types. Defects are associated with POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES.
Bruits, ophthalmodynamometry and rectilinear scanning on transient ischemic attacks. (1/162)One hundred seventeen patients with clinical signs and symptoms of transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) were evaluated. All underwent clinical evaluation for bruit, ophthalmodynamometry, rapid sequence scintiphotography with rectilinear scanning and four-vessel cerebral angiography. The results of these tests were compared for reliability in predicting location of lesions causing transient ischemic attacks. Angiography remains the most accurate procedure in evaluating extracranial vascular lesions. When determination of bruits, ophthalmodynamometry and brain scanning are done together, accuracy is greater than when any one of the procedures is done alone. (+info)
Comparison of four methods for assessing airway sealing pressure with the laryngeal mask airway in adult patients. (2/162)We have compared four tests for assessing airway sealing pressure with the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) to test the hypothesis that airway sealing pressure and inter-observer reliability differ between tests. We studied 80 paralysed, anaesthetized adult patients. Four different airway sealing pressure tests were performed in random order on each patient by two observers blinded to each other's measurements: test 1 involved detection of an audible noise; test 2 was detection of end-tidal carbon dioxide in the oral cavity; test 3 was observation of the aneroid manometer dial as the pressure increased to note the airway pressure at which the dial reached stability; and test 4 was detection of an audible noise by neck auscultation. Mean airway sealing pressure ranged from 19.5 to 21.3 cm H2O and intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.95-0.99. Inter-observer reliability of all tests was classed as excellent. The manometric stability test had a higher mean airway sealing pressure (P < 0.0001) and better inter-observer reliability (P < 0.0001) compared with the three other tests. We conclude that for clinical purposes all four tests are excellent, but that the manometric stability test may be more appropriate for researchers comparing airway sealing pressures. (+info)
Effect of positioning on recorded lung sound intensities in subjects without pulmonary dysfunction. (3/162)BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical therapists often use positioning to assist in the reexpansion of collapsed lung segments. An increase in lung sound intensity on auscultation is considered indicative of lung expansion. This study was designed to examine whether clinical interpretation of auscultatory findings is warranted. SUBJECTS: The subjects (5 male, 6 female) were young physical therapist students without pulmonary dysfunction (mean age=20.4 years, mean height=166.3 cm, mean weight=57.5 kg). Subjects with lung disease were excluded because pulmonary pathology is difficult to standardize. METHODS: Lung sounds electronically recorded over the posterior chest wall of subjects in sitting and side-lying positions were compared. Measures included peak intensity, frequency at maximum power, and median frequency. RESULTS: In the sitting position, inspiratory sounds recorded over the left posterior chest wall were louder than those recorded on the right side. In the side-lying positions, the sound intensity recorded from the dependent chest wall was louder than that recorded from the nondependent chest wall. In side-lying positions, the upper hemithorax is "nondependent," and the side in contact with the bed is "dependent." Sound intensities recorded over both posterior chest walls in the sitting position were louder than those recorded over the same lung area in the nondependent side-lying position. There was no difference in the sound intensity recorded between the sitting and dependent side-lying postures. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: When comparative auscultation of the chest wall is used by physical therapists to assess the adequacy of pulmonary ventilation, patient posture and regional differences in breath sound intensity can influence clinical interpretation. (+info)
Heart murmurs in pediatric patients: when do you refer? (4/162)Many normal children have heart murmurs, but most children do not have heart disease. An appropriate history and a properly conducted physical examination can identify children at increased risk for significant heart disease. Pathologic causes of systolic murmurs include atrial and ventricular septal defects, pulmonary or aortic outflow tract abnormalities, and patent ductus arteriosus. An atrial septal defect is often confused with a functional murmur, but the conditions can usually be differentiated based on specific physical findings. Characteristics of pathologic murmurs include a sound level of grade 3 or louder, a diastolic murmur or an increase in intensity when the patient is standing. Most children with any of these findings should be referred to a pediatric cardiologist. (+info)
Methacholine challenge in preschool children: methacholine-induced wheeze versus transcutaneous oximetry. (5/162)Tracheal/chest auscultation for wheeze and transcutaneous oximetry have both been suggested as measures of outcome in bronchial provocation tests in young children. This study aimed to compare the sensitivity and safety of these two techniques as end-points for methacholine challenge in children aged <4 yrs. Seventy-two methacholine challenges were performed in 39 children aged <4 yrs with recurrent wheeze. Arterial oxygen saturation (Sa,O2) and transcutaneous oxygen pressure tcPO2 continuously, and the test was terminated when wheeze was heard or at Sa,O2 <91%. tcPO2 was not used as an end-point. Wheeze or desaturation occurred at < or =8 mg x mL(-1) methacholine in every test. One child had transient clinical cyanosis, but no other ill-effects were seen. Fifty-six tests (78%) were terminated for wheeze, seven (10%) for fall in Sa,O2 and nine (12%) showed simultaneous responses in both parameters. Twenty-eight tests (39%) contained a fall in tcPO2 >3 kPa but six of these also showed a significant rise. Fifty-three tests (75%) contained a fall in tcPO2 >15%, but 20 of these also showed a significant rise. Tracheal/chest auscultation with Sa,O2 monitoring is a sensitive and relatively safe end-point for bronchial challenges in preschool children. The erratic pattern of transcutaneous oxygen pressure response in some children casts doubt on its reliability as a proxy measure of bronchial obstruction. (+info)
Acoustic monitoring of intraoperative neuromuscular block. (6/162)Standard methods for accurate intraoperative measurement of neuromuscular block are either expensive or inconvenient and are not used widely. We have evaluated a new method of monitoring neuromuscular block using a low-frequency microphone. The method is based on the phenomenon of low-frequency sound emission by contracting skeletal muscle. Acoustic monitoring (MIC) with an air-coupled microphone was used to evaluate intraoperative neuromuscular block in 25 anaesthetized patients. The MIC recorded the response of the adductor pollicis muscle to supramaximal electrical stimulation of the ulnar nerve with train-of-four stimuli. The ratios of the first response (TI) to control (TC) were used for evaluation. Data obtained from the MIC were compared with simultaneous recordings, from the same hand, of mechanomyography (FDT), electromyography (EMG) and accelerography (ACC). Throughout the operative procedure, TI/TC ratios of the acoustic method correlated with the three reference devices: FDT, 12 patients, 262 data sets, r = 0.86, bias (%MIC-%FDT) = mean -5.3 (SD 19.6)%; EMG, 18 patients, 490 data sets, r = 0.85, bias (%MIC-%EMG) = -0.39 (20.29)%; and ACC, 13 patients, 328 data sets, r = 0.91, bias (%MIC-%ACC) = -3.0 (15.6)%. We conclude that monitoring intraoperative neuromuscular block by a microphone which transduces low-frequency muscle sounds is clinically feasible. (+info)
A new double cuff sphygmotonometer for accurate blood pressure measurement. (7/162)Accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP) is essential in the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, but neither auscultatory nor oscillometric methods measure intra-arterial BP accurately in all circumstances. Algorithms for automatic BP-measuring devices differ from manufacturer to manufacturer, and no clear authorized algorithm criteria have yet been established. We have devised a double-cuff sphygmotonometer to measure BP on the basis of clear algorithms, and investigated the accuracy of this new method by comparing it with the photo-oscillometric method, which is the most accurate method for non-invasive measurement of intra-arterial BP. In the new method, a small cuff (3x6 cm) replaces the photo-sensor in the brachial cuff (13x24 cm) of the photo-oscillometric device, and BP is determined by means of the oscillation within the small cuff. The comparison based on procedures of AAMI-protocol was performed in 136 hypertensive patients and 54 normotensive subjects. The difference in systolic BP between the photooscillometric and double-cuff methods was -2.26+/-2.31 mmHg (89% under 5 mmHg), and the corresponding difference in diastolic BP was 1.9+/-2.50 mmHg (94% under 5 mmHg). In conclusion, we have devised a new double-cuff method which improves on the photo-oscillometric method, and although it seems to be less accurate than the photo-oscillometric method, the clarity of its algorithm makes it superior to the conventional oscillometric and auscultatory methods employing only one cuff. (+info)
The clinical evaluation of the Respi-check mask: a new oxygen mask incorporating a breathing indicator. (8/162)Study objective-To investigate the correlation between the Respi-check sensor and simultaneous chest auscultation in determining the respiratory rates in adults. METHODS: Random visits to a local accident and emergency (A&E) department were made and all patients wearing oxygen masks were recruited into the study. The new sensor was attached to the outside of the mask. One researcher auscultated the chest to count breaths, the other counted the sensor activity. Each was blinded to the activities of the other. Breaths were counted by each researcher simultaneously and independently over one minute. A total of 40 patients were recruited into the study. A difference of more than two breaths/min compared with chest auscultation was deemed as a sensor failure. RESULTS: The respiratory rates of 40 patients were measured. There were 28 men, 12 women. Twenty six patients were wearing an Intersurgical high concentration (flow 12l/min) mask, 14 were wearing an aerosol mask with variable venturi (flow 3-12l/min) by Medicaid. Over one minute rates determined by the two methods were the same in 28 cases (70%). It was accurate to within one breath in 37 cases (93%) and to within two breaths in 39 (98%) cases and in one case (2.5%) the sensor failed. The mean difference (mean of the differences between rates obtained from auscultation and the new sensor) was -0.1282 breaths/min, with limits of agreement (d (2SD) between -1.414 to 1.157 breaths/min. CONCLUSION: The Respi-check sensor provides an accurate method of estimating the respiratory rate in adult patients attending the A&E department. (+info)
Sensors | Free Full-Text | Left-Right Asymmetry in Spectral Characteristics of Lung Sounds Detected Using a Dual-Channel...
Though lung sounds auscultation is important for the diagnosis and monitoring of lung diseases, the spectral characteristics of lung sounds have not been fully understood. This study compared the spectral characteristics of lung sounds between the right and left lungs and between healthy male and female subjects using a dual-channel auscultation system. Forty-two subjects aged 18-22 years without smoking habits and any known pulmonary diseases participated in this study. The lung sounds were recorded from seven pairs of auscultation sites on the chest wall simultaneously. We found that in four out of seven auscultation pairs, the lung sounds from the left lung had a higher total power (PT) than those from the right lung. The PT of male subjects was higher than that of female ones in most auscultation pairs. The ratio of inspiration power to expiration power (RI/E) of lung sounds from the right lung was greater than that from the left lung at auscultation pairs on the anterior chest wall, while this
The Art of Bovine Auscultation
ISBN 0-9687212-3-0. An illustrated guide to sounds heard through a stethoscope. The gastro-intestinal concentrates on the identification and interpretation of abdominal sounds - grunts, percussion, pings, succussion splashes and motility sounds. The section is divided into two parts. The first deals with the common diagnostic methods that require a stethoscope; it has sections on auscultation findings, percussion, succussion and the grunt test. Each test method is illustrated along with normal and abnormal findings; this gives clinicians common methodology and a common vocabulary. The second section documents the visual, auscultation, percussion and succussion findings in the common abdominal diseases of cattle.. The cardiovascular section shows normal cardiac auscultation findings along with the findings in the common cardiac disorders of cattle - sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, premature ventricular contractions, endocarditis, ventricular septal defects and patent ductus ...
Relationship Of Respiratory Sounds To Alterations In The Upper Airway Resistance - BresoTEC Inc.
Respiratory sound analysis is a simple and noninvasive way to study the pathophysiology of the upper airway (UA). Recently, it has been used to diagnose partial or complete UA collapse in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In this study, we investigated whether fluid accumulation in the neck alters the properties of respiratory sounds in temporal and spectral domains and whether the respiratory sounds analysis can be used to monitor variations in the physiology of the UA, as rejected by UA resistance (R(UA)). We recorded respiratory sounds and R(UA) from 19 individuals while awake. We applied lower body positive pressure (LBPP) to shift fluid out of the legs and into the neck, which increased R(UA). We calculated first and second formants and energy of inspiratory sound segments. Our results show that during both control (no LBPP) and LBPP arms of the study, the extracted features were different for the sound segments corresponding to low and high R(UA). Also, the features were ...
Breath sounds - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Breath sounds are the sounds made by air as it moves through the respiratory system. Breath sounds are also called lung sounds or respiratory sounds. Sometimes they can be heard by anyone; other times they can be heard only by listening to the lungs and airways with a stethoscope. To describe and identify breath sounds, medical professionals usually use auscultation (they listen with a stethoscope). They listen while the patient is breathing in, and while they are breathing out. They listen to both lungs, at both the chest and the back, starting at the bottom and working their way up. They listen to whether the pitch of the breath sounds is low, medium or high. They also listen to whether the sounds are soft, medium, loud, or very loud). ...
Asymptomatic Carotid Bruits | SpringerLink
Stenosis of the external or internal carotid artery creates turbulence which is manifested as a bruit during auscultation over the distribution of the involved artery. Since stroke is the third...
Liver scratch test - Wikipedia
The Liver scratch test is a method medical professionals use in ascertaining the location and size of a patients liver during a physical assessment. It is often used when other techniques, such as the hepatojugular reflux test either fail or are ineffective, most often due to abdominal distention or muscle tenseness. The Liver scratch test uses auscultation to detect the differences in sound transmission through the abdominal cavity over solid and hollow organs and spaces. After placing a stethoscope over the approximate location of a patients liver, a medical professional will then scratch the skin of the patients abdomen lightly, moving laterally along the liver border. When the liver is encountered, the scratching sound heard in the stethoscope will increase significantly. In this manner, the size and shape of a patients liver can be ascertained. Mosbys Guide to Physical Examination, 6th Edition, 2008, pages 545-547 ...
Define stridor lung sounds
Chronic lung disease of infancy (CLDI) represents the final common pathway of a heterogeneous group of pulmonary disorders that start in the neonatal period. In this section the most commonly encountered lung sounds will be presented. They will first be described. They then can be played by pressing the Oct 2, 2015 Lung Sounds. What is Stridor? Is it dangerous? What can be done about it? Stridor. What is stridor? Stridor is a medical term for noisy breathing. It is a high-The lung sounds are best heard with a stethoscope. This is called auscultation. Normal lung sounds occur in all parts of the chest area, including above the Mar 18, 2009 · Difference Between Stridor and Stertor ( Stridor in children ) Definition: Stridor is an auditory manifestation of a disordered respiratory function.Title: Oncologic Emergencies Author: Gary Harding Last modified by: Mike Harlos Created Date: 5/30/2004 9:46:26 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Rhonchi are coarse rattling respiratory sounds, ...
A definition of scratch test - HealthyLifeInfo.com Wellness and Health Information
Source: Adapted from the National Institutes of Health. What does the term scratch test mean? The term scratch test refers to a test for allergies in which small amounts of potential allergens are inserted in small scratches made in the skin. To find out more about this term, please search the news section of this website for related articles and information.. ...
2 year old complaining all night of stomach pain, vomited. Had auscultation of chest/back in accident. Suggestion ? - Doctors...
Question - 2 year old complaining all night of stomach pain, vomited. Had auscultation of chest/back in accident. Suggestion ?. Ask a Doctor about Sensory system, Ask a Pediatrician
Intrapartum Fetal Heart Rate Assessment: Monitoring by Auscultation or Electronic Means | Electronic Fetal Monitoring
Objective: Our purpose was to assess the frequency with which auscultation could be used as the primary mode of fetal assessment during labor in a busy labor and delivery suite by means of published
COMPARACIÓN DEL USO DE ESTEROIDES CON EL MANEJO CONVENCIONAL DE LA EXACERBACIÓN DE LA ENFERMEDAD PULMONAR OBSTRUCTIVA CRÓNICA
PEREZ-MONROY¹, Ariel; CAMARGO, Juan Pablo y JUNCA, Alejandro. Comparison of steroids use in conventional management of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. rev.fac.med. [online]. 2010, vol.58, n.1, pp.15-29. ISSN 0120-0011.. Background. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a common condition characterized by limited chronic, progressive and irreversible airflow that affects 52 million people worldwide. Objective. To compare two different steroid schemes with current conventional treatment of non-acidotic acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Materials and methods. The study was conducted in the Clínica Carlos Lleras Restrepo in Bogotá. A total of 106 patients diagnosed with exacerbated COPD were assigned to 3 treatment groups: a) conventional treatment, b) hydrocortisone and conventional treatment and c) prednisone and conventional treatment. After 72 hrs, the percentage of change in peak flow values, the variation in lung auscultation and the ...
Right Connections Travel - Desire Weeks - Los Cabos - Goran, Gunnar, Phil and Barrack Maldives
Interleukin-1beta immuno- reactivity and microglia are enhanced in the rat hippocampus close to focused kainate reference: essential evidence for the treatment of enhancement of electrographic seizures. To incite rapt breathing during lung auscultation, contain up a finger or a lit penlight and tutelage the infant to blow it out (Miller, 2011). Shishehbor, MH, Brennan, ML, Aviles, RJ, Fu, X, Penn, MS, Sprecher, DL, and Hazen, SL (2003) [url=http://andrewstark.com/intellectual/lesson4/document5/]buy discount cialis professional 40mg on-line[/url] erectile dysfunction icd 9 code wiki. Medications called native anesthetics include local forms, such as creams, agents delivered through The using software is plague version. Edify boys to clip gently and avoid using stolid razors, so as not to further irritate the condition. professional instantly [url=http://andrewstark.com/intellectual/lesson4/document12/]meldonium 500 mg sale[/url] treatment ingrown hair. The Means for the purpose Constitution ...
Bruit - Wikipedia
Bruit (English: /ˈbruːi/; from French, noise), or vascular murmur, is the abnormal sound generated by turbulent flow of blood in an artery due to either an area of partial obstruction; or a localized high rate of blood flow through an unobstructed artery. The bruit may be heard (auscultated) by pressing a stethoscope to the skin over the turbulent flow and listening. Most bruits occur only in systole, so the bruit is intermittent and its frequency dependent on the heart rate. Anything increasing the blood flow velocity such as fever, anemia, or hyperthyroidism, can increase the amplitude of the bruit. Peripheral vascular disease; femoral artery stenosis Renal artery stenosis Stroke, carotid artery stenosis Aortic aneurysm Tinnitus - a symptom which may be caused by a cranial artery bruit Arteriovenous malformation Coarctation of the aorta Hepatocellular carcinoma Alcoholic hepatitis Atherosclerosis (atheroma or plaque) (cholesterol deposition in artery wall) Median arcuate ligament ...
New Step by Step Map For urethral sounds
breath ss the sounds of air shifting with the tracheobronchial tree, listened to all through auscultation on the chest. You will discover 4 most important sorts: bronchial breath sounds are higher-pitched types heard Usually over the manubrium sterni but indicative of consolidation or compression when listened to in other places; bronchovesicular breath sounds are intermediate amongst bronchial and vesicular and so are typical on certain peripheral areas of the thorax but indicative of partial consolidation if listened to about a lung; cavernous breath sounds are abnormal types with a hollow resonance heard above a cavity inside a lung; and vesicular breath sounds are minimal-pitched ones heard over the traditional lung all through ventilation. Referred to as also respiratory sounds ...
Airway Management of a Morbidly Obese Patient Suffering from a Cardiac Arrest | Hungs Difficult and Failed Airway Management,...
She is placed on 10 L·min−1 oxygen by face mask and is transported to the hospital. On examination after the arrival at the ED, her vital signs are: heart rate 113 beats per minute and irregular, respiration rate 31 breaths per minute, blood pressure 85/45 mm Hg, and SaO2 86%. She appears to be in severe respiratory distress and is unable to speak more than three to four words in one breath. She is morbidly obese with an estimated weight of over 137 kg (300 pounds) and is 151 cm (5 feet) tall with a body mass index (BMI) 60 kg·m−2. Chest auscultation reveals faint breath sounds with crackles over the entire lung fields, a significant decrease in air entry in both bases combined with mild wheezing. Other findings include 1+ bilateral ankle edema, S4 heart sound, and a grade III/VI systolic murmur radiating to the axilla. Her jugular venous pressure (JVP) cannot be assessed because of her marked obesity and short neck. Her electrocardiogram on admission to the ED reveals a pattern consistent ...
The Basic Principles Of bondage hoods
breath ss the sounds of air moving through the tracheobronchial tree, read through auscultation on the upper body. You will discover 4 most important sorts: bronchial breath sounds are large-pitched ones heard Generally over the manubrium sterni but indicative of consolidation or compression when read elsewhere; bronchovesicular breath sounds are intermediate concerning bronchial and vesicular and they are regular on specified peripheral portions of the thorax but indicative of partial consolidation if listened to about a lung; cavernous breath sounds are irregular kinds by using a hollow resonance heard in excess of a cavity inside of a lung; and vesicular breath sounds are low-pitched ones read about the traditional lung for the duration of air flow. Known as also respiratory sounds ...
Fragility Assessment of Bovine Cortical Bone Using Scratch Tests | Protocol
This study assesses the fracture toughness of bovine cortical bone at the sub-meso levels using microscopic scratch tests. This is an...
DIPHTHERIA SCRATCH TEST | JAMA Pediatrics | JAMA Network
The scratch test for determining the susceptibility of a person to diphtheria differs from the well known Schick test1 in that the method is not intracutaneous
RESULTS The incidence of amputation was 5.6% in men and 5.3% in women. High fasting plasma glucose at baseline examination and the duration of diabetes were associated with a twofold risk for amputation. Similarly, glycemic control measured at baseline by HbA1 was an important predictor of amputation. There was a dose-response relationship between plasma glucose or HbA1 and the risk for amputation. The effect of hyperglycemia on the risk of amputation was seen clearly even after the adjustment for other cardiovascular risk factors. Signs of peripheral neuropathy and bilateral absence of Achilles tendon reflexes and vibration sense were important predictors for amputation. Furthermore, absent peripheral artery pulses and femoral artery bruit on auscultation predicted amputation.. ...
Streptococcus pneumoniae - Microbiology - Medbullets Step 1
M1.MC.15.74) An 84-year-old female presents to the emergency department from her nursing home with complaints of fever and a productive cough with rust-colored sputum that has developed over the last 2 days. She also endorses shortness of breath and severe fatigue. Her vital signs are as follows: T 38.5 C, HR 98, BP 110/66, RR 18, SpO2 94% on room air. Physical examination is significant for decreased breath sounds and crackles over the the right middle and lower lobes on auscultation. A chest radiograph is obtained and is shown in Figure A. A sputum sample is also collected for gram stain and culture, with the results of the gram stain shown in Figure B. Which of the following is the primary virulence factor of the infecting pathogen in this patients presentation? Tested Concept ...
Auscultation: Heart and Breath Sounds
The Librarys Online Testing Center on the 2nd floor (Rm. 238), has 10 PCs with the STS program and include a special pulse box and heart sound box to be used with your own stethoscope.. ...
All 2 entries tagged Clinical, Adams blog
By comparison, vesicular breathing (the sound you should hear over the lungs) has a rustling quality which builds up from the onset of inspiration to expiration, where it tails off such that it is not heard in the latter half of expiration. The important difference is that with vesicular breath sounds there is no gap between inspiration and expiration, Ive attempted to explain this below.. I think the concepts of bronchial and vesicular breathing are quite difficult to grasp, but I found it so much easier when I considered this alongside Mr Rs diagnoses, so I will begin with these.. Mr R has suffered from pulmonary oedema (secondary to his left heart failure, which is secondary to his pernicious anaemia) in the past, and I suspect that he was suffering from it when I examined him. The cyanosis I observed, and crepitations I heard on auscultation are consistent with this.. Furthermore, Mr R has been diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis (working as a coal miner and smoking 26 pack years are both ...
Sudden onset of tubular breath sounds - RightDiagnosis.com
List of 7 disease causes of Sudden onset of tubular breath sounds, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Sudden onset of tubular breath sounds.
Question Of The Day: Basic Physical Care
Explanation: Chest X-ray confirms diagnosis by revealing air or fluid in the pleural space. SaO2 values may initially decrease with a pneumothorax but typically return to normal within 24 hours. ABG studies may show hypoxemia, possibly with respiratory acidosis and hypercapnia but these are not necessarily related to a pneumothorax. Chest auscultation will determine overall lung status, but its difficult to determine if the chest has reexpanded sufficiently ...
UAB - School of Medicine - Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine - The Diagnosis of IPF
History, physical examination and lung physiology. IPF has an insidious onset. It often presents with persistent dry cough associated with worsening breathlessness and progressive decline in ones exercise capacity. Hemoptysis (coughing up blood) is rare and if it occurs other causes of interstitial lung diseases, such as vasculitis and Iymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), should be considered. Most patients with IPF have inspiratory dry crackles (velcro-type) on auscultation of the chest. Clubbing of the fingers occurs in about half the cases. More advanced cases may present with signs of pulmonary hypertension such as right ventricular heave, loud P2 and tricuspid regurgitation murmur. Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) typically will demonstrate a restrictive defect, with decreased FVC and TLC, associated with impaired diffusion capacity and often hypoxemia at rest or exercise.. The radiographic patterns of IPF. H. Bobby Nath, MD - Professor of Radiology Plain chest radiographs are seldom helpful ...
A 62 year old woman was referred to hospital by her general practitioner because of a few days history of progressive shortness of breath. She had associated fever but no cough or sputum production. Her medical history included rheumatoid arthritis, for which she had been taking methotrexate for the past 12 years.. On examination, she was visibly dyspnoeic, with low oxygen saturations. Her respiratory rate was 22 breaths/min, oxygen saturation was 90% on air, heart rate was 100 beats/min, blood pressure was 115/72 mm Hg, and her temperature was 37.4ºC. Chronic hand changes, consistent with rheumatoid arthritis, were noted. Bilateral widespread crackles were heard on auscultation of the chest.. Blood tests showed a white blood cell count of 8.8×109/L (reference range 4-10) and a C reactive protein of 1219 nmol/L (,47.6). Further blood tests, including antinuclear antibody (ANA) and extractable nuclear antigen (ENA), were negative. Chest radiography showed diffuse alveolar shadowing throughout ...
An 88-year-old man with syncope and an alternating axis | Heart
Clinical introduction An 88-year-old man, admitted to the emergency room (ER) after three episodes of syncope within 1 day, reported a precursory of syndrome of light-headedness with rapid palpitations that led to an abrupt loss of consciousness. After undergoing percutaneous and surgical revascularisation, he started complaining of chest and back discomfort for the past 20 years and searching for help from Chinese medicine, Fuzi. He had history of chronic renal failure and heart failure, but denied neither taking digitalis nor having family history related to sudden death.. On arrival, heart rate was 150 bpm and blood pressure (BP) by cuff was 91/81 mm Hg (non-invasive BP could not be accurately obtained during tachycardia) plus oedema on both lower extremities. There were diffuse crackles and indistinct heart sounds on auscultation.. The admission ECG was performed in the ER (figure 1). His serum creatinine was 139.7 mmol/L, serum K+ was 4.7 mmol/L, N-terminal of the prohormone brain ...
Case Study: Chapter 08 | Comprehensive Review in Vascular and Endovascular Medicine
Chapter 8, Mesenteric Arterial Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment. CONSTANTINOS CONSTANTINOU, MD; VIKRAM S. KASHYAP, MD. CASE STUDY:. A 60-year-old female presents complaining of abdominal pain over the past 2 years that has been progressively worsening. On further questioning, she associates the pain with food intake. She states that it starts approximately half an hour following food ingestion and lasts approximately one hour. She also admits to weight loss of 7 kg over the past 6 months. She underwent an upper and a lower gastrointestinal endoscopy and a gallbladder ultrasound, all of which were unremarkable. She has a history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and a 40-pack-year smoking history.. On exam, her blood pressure is 125/86, her heart rate is 88, and she weighs 43 kg. She appears emaciated, with a prominent rib cage and a scaphoid abdomen. The abdomen is soft and nontender. On auscultation, a bruit is appreciated in the epigastric region. Laboratory workup, including a renal function ...
Local Drugstore: Zovirax or valtrex for fever blisters top quality drugs!
Content and the resultant increased thyrotrophin tsh in the emergency department, thus. All equipment should be treated as outpatients table . Importantly, shock physiology can occur if a consultant has been practiced for hundreds of neurons passing from spinal cord injury erythematous pharynx exudates tender carotid, bruit on auscultation tender carotid muscle splinting, history of tobacco use pk day intermittent for years, been successfully used, this location is dangerous in children can be quantified as the cells of the sternum fig. Finally, glial cellneuron interaction can be transferred and accepts, in writing, the best method to remove somatic dysfunctions include innominate rotations, anterior and posterior ila are on chronic steroid treatment, adrenal suppression should be wary of potential procedures permits a chila_chap.Indd the tendency to bruise easily, and skin temperature. After their evaluation or impeding the patients pelvis. The mantra ii randomised study. The reason for the ...
PubMed Lung Transplant | Transplant Professional Portal
A 66-year-old female patient with multiple myeloma (MM) was admitted to the emergency service on 29.09.2014 with an inability to walk, and urinary and faecal incontinence. She had previously undergone autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) twice. The patient was hospitalized at the Department of Haematology. Further investigations showed findings suggestive of a spinal mass at the T5-T6-T7 level, and a mass lesion in the iliac fossa. The mass lesion was resected and needle biopsy was performed during a colonoscopy. Examination of the specimens revealed plasmacytoma. The patient also had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and was suffering from respiratory distress. After consultation with an infectious diseases specialist the patient was placed on an intravenous antibiotherapy with piperacillin/tazobactam (4.5g x 3) on 17.10.2014. During piperacillin/tazobactam treatment, the patient suffered from drowsiness, her general condition deteriorated, and she had rales on auscultation ...
Journal of Postgraduate Gynecology & Obstetrics: December 2017
At 32 weeks of gestation, she came with fever with chills and generalized body ache since one day. On examination, she was febrile (temperature of 39 degree celsius), pulse rate was 100 beats/ minute and blood pressure was 110/70 mm Hg. On auscultation, chest was clear, S1S2 were normal. On abdominal examination uterus was relaxed, 30-32 weeks in size, cephalic presentation, FHS were 140 beats per minute. She was admitted for the above complaints in medical unit and was managed. She was treated conservatively by the physician with injection ceftriaxone and metronidazole for 14 days and adequate hydration. Peripheral smear showed no evidence of malarial parasite, tests for malarial antigen, IgG, IgM antibodies for dengue, tests to detect NS1 antigen, IgG, IgM antibodies for leptospirosis and Widal test were negative. Urine culture showed no growth. Her hemoglobin (Hb) on admission was 6.8 gm%, WBC counts were 24,100/ cumm and platelets were 2 lakhs cumm. Her liver function tests were mildly ...
MEOW MEOW - A1065982
Medical Summary 02/25/16 14:53 INITIAL EXAM growling and hissing on exam, attempting to strike, used net for limited exam approx 6 year old male intact DSH BAR, hydrated, BCS 5/9 No URI signs, eyes and nose clean ears clean AU, no ear mites, no fleas seen mms pink and moist, adult dentition amb x 4, no lameness or neuro deficits noted heart and lungs WNL on auscultation male intact with 2 scrotal testes PLAN gave FVRCP vaccine SQ over right front leg gave rabies vaccine SQ over right hind leg applied activyl topically gave 1.1 ml pyrantel PO excellent ...
Hypertension or Hypotension Case #179 Auscultation
Blood Pressure Cases - Heart and Lung Sounds Simulator - Fifty year old male in emergency room complains of dizziness and headache of two hour duration.
Hypertension or Hypotension Case #186 Auscultation
Blood Pressure Cases - Heart and Lung Sounds Simulator - 78 year old male with shortness of breath with exertion and general fatigue.
November 2014 | Nursing Care Plan
Usually preceded by upper respiratory tract infection. This disease usually occurs suddenly, rising temperatures 39-40 OC with shaking chills, shortness of breath and rapid coughing non productive breath sound percussion dim when the lung examination, auscultation of breath sounds smooth wet crackles and loud ...
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 00181125 - Comparison of lung sounds and gas trapping in the study of airway mechanics.
A study was performed to correlate lung sounds measured in isolated lungs from male Long-Evans-hooded-rats with past gas trapping experiments in isolated rat lungs. Such a correlation would allow measurement of lung sounds in animals and humans exposed to cotton dust and provide a valid prediction of peripheral airway function changes. Following administration of anesthetic, the heart and lungs we
Cardiac bruit legal definition of cardiac bruit
Definition of cardiac bruit in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is cardiac bruit? Meaning of cardiac bruit as a legal term. What does cardiac bruit mean in law?
Breath sound symptoms and Edema and Rapid breathing and Swelling symptoms - Symptom Checker - check medical symptoms at...
List of causes of Breath sound symptoms and Edema and Rapid breathing and Swelling symptoms, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Causes Of Abnormal Bronchial Breath Sounds: Signs & Symptoms
You can hear abnormal breath sounds in the form of wheezing, ronchi, and rales. Certain pathological conditions of lung like chronic obstructive pulmonary
Breath sound symptoms and Decreased tactile fremitus - Symptom Checker - check medical symptoms at RightDiagnosis
List of causes of Breath sound symptoms and Decreased tactile fremitus, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Heart, valves and auscultation sites - Download Free 3D model by E-learning UMCG  - Sketchfab
This model shows the heart in situ. It is made for medical students in the master phase of the curriculum. It is part of an e-learning on the examination of the heart and measuring blood pressure.
Red Flags in Family History and Auscultations that may require 12-Lead by Annise V. Nalepa, Jennifer S. Blevins-Naughton et...
The main components of pre-participation physical exams (PPE) at the NCAA Division II level include a thorough medical history and physical evaluation (AHA).
International Journal of Science and Technology::Sonic Auscultation and Mechanical Characterization of Metallic & Synthetic...
In this paper , the complex reaction of water - Soluble meso -tetra (4-Sulfophenyl) porphyrin (TPPS4) with Fe( III) ion has been studied in the presence of small amount of hydroxyl amine . The porphyrin was found to be a highly sensitive and highly selective reagent for direct spectrophotometric determination of iron at g level .The soret band of the complex lay at 394 nm ( : 3.88 x 105L.M-1cm-1 ) , which is well separated from that of the reagent 432 nm ,( = 2.2 x 105 L.M-1. Cm-1) below PH 2The complex formation is slow at room temperature and PH 5.0 , however , it can be accelerated by heating on boiling water bath and completed within 10 min at 100 Co . five determinations of standard solutions containing 0.7 mg /10mL of iron gave a relative standard deviation of 2.61%. Beers law is obeyed for iron (III) in the range of 0.01-2.0 g/10ml . The molar ratio of complex is 1:1. This method has been applied to determine iron (III) in water samples with satisfactory results. The complex is highly ...
Fhecor - Ingenieros consultores
This week, Fernando Rodríguez has been appointed as the new president of the National Association of Auscultation and Technical Infrastructure Management Systems (AUSIGETI, its Spanish acronym). This gremial association, which focuses on the inspections, auscultation, and management of infrastructures, was born 10 years ago and has been presided until now by José Polimón, current vice-president of the Spanish Civil Engineers Institute. Fernando will also represent FHECOR within the association. Currently this role is assigned to Javier León ...
Successful Management of Pneumonia - WSAVA2013 - VIN
Animals with bacterial pneumonia usually have a history of a productive cough, fever, tachypnea, and respiratory distress. However, some animals (and particularly cats) present with more vague signs of illness, such as malaise, depression, anorexia, and weight loss. An early clue to the diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia is a change in the respiratory pattern. Parenchymal infection with alveolar flooding by inflammatory debris leads to restrictive lung disease, and a rapid shallow breathing pattern results. Thoracic auscultation is typically abnormal with loud or harsh lung sounds, and crackles can be variably detected throughout the lung fields. Absence of lung sounds in an area is suggestive of lung consolidation. A mucopurulent nasal discharge can be observed when animals cough respiratory secretions into the nasopharynx or have concurrent nasal infection. Fever may or not be present. These general rules are followed much more closely in dogs than in cats, in which bacterial pneumonia can ...
US7520861B2 - Method and apparatus for displaying body sounds and performing diagnosis based on body sound analysis -...
A lung sound diagnostic system for use in collecting, organizing and analyzing lung sounds associated with the inspiration(s) and expiration(s) of a patient. The system includes a plurality of transducers that may be placed at various sites around the patients chest. The microphones are coupled to signal processing circuitry and A/D converters which digitize the data and preferably provides the digital data to a computer station. A data collection and organization program, executing on the computer station, organizes and formats the data into a combination display for display or printing. The combinational display includes at least two display elements. In a first display element, the data is shown for both inspiration and expiration combined in a first time scale. In a second display element, the data for inspiration and expiration are shown individually in a second time scale that is time-expanded relative to the first time scale. The system may also include application programs for detecting
Horses and Zebras: May 2016
It is valuable to perform a pulsus paradoxous in this and other conditions. The pulsus paradoxus is inaptly named because it is actually an exaggeration of a normal phenomenon. To measure it, take a blood pressure with auscultation - when deflating the cuff slowly, you will hear Korotkoff sounds only on expiration beginning at a certain pressure. Note this pressure and continue - you will then hear the sounds throughout the respiratory cycle. The difference between those two pressures is the pulsus paradoxus. Many have suggested that this phenomenon occurs due to reduced pulmonary vascular resistance upon inspiration, increased venous inflow into the RA/RV, and then septal bowing into the LV impairing LV outflow. While this makes sense, it is not seen echocardiographically even during tamponade. Instead, the mechanism is thought to be related to the gradient of pressure in the pulmonary veins (mostly affected by the intrathoracic pressure) and the left atrium (mostly affected by pericardial ...
Can bruits change their sound as time passes - Answers on HealthTap
Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Kim on can bruits change their sound as time passes: Bruits can change their sound depending on the degree of blockage. In the carotid arteries, for example, as a blockage is almost complete ( | 90%), the bruit actually goes away! this is why a bruit is not the best way to evaluate someone for carotid disease. An ultrasound is much more accurate!
Talking Allergies • View topic - Allergy testing
I have read that the scratch test is only about 50% accurate for positive results. That is why a diagnosis looks at more than the test. There is a family history taken along with any other signs of allergy (has the child reacted to the specific food, have ezcema or asthma). A Rast test will also help the allergist with a diagnosis. When a scratch test is done there is also a positive and negative control test done too. Did the allergist not explain this to you? Its amazing how little info is passed on sometimes ...
Austin Flint I
Smith, D C (April 1978). "Austin Flint and auscultation in America". Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 33 ... Manual of Auscultation and Percussion (revised third edition, 1883) Medicine of the future (1886) Flint's murmur a loud ...
Third heart sound
The Auscultation Assistant - Rubs and Gallops. 10: 93. Bibcode:1907KNAB...10...93E. "THE PHONOCARDIOGRAPHY". Retrieved 2009-03- ...
Emergency medical personnel in the United Kingdom
Retrieved 2008-11-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Mallinson, T (2010). "Prehospital cardiac auscultation: friend or ... Mallinson, T (2017). "A survey into paramedic accuracy in identifying the correct anatomic locations for cardiac auscultation ... Mallinson, T (2018). "A qualitative exploration of current paramedic cardiac auscultation practices". Journal of Paramedic ... Cardiac auscultation Autonomous thrombolysis Capnography In some parts of the country paramedics and EMTs are able to bypass ...
Atrioventricular septal defect
AVSDs can be detected by cardiac auscultation; they cause atypical murmurs and loud heart tones. Confirmation of findings from ... cardiac auscultation can be obtained with a cardiac ultrasound (echocardiography - less invasive) and cardiac catheterization ( ...
On auscultation, loud ejection systolic murmur can be best heard at the right second intercostal space and radiates to the ... On auscultation, midsystolic click followed by late systolic murmur can be heard, louder when person is in standing position. ... On auscultation, pericardial friction rub can be heard. Cardiac tamponade Arrhythmia: Atrial fibrillation and a number of other ...
Ventricular septal defect
Auscultation is generally considered sufficient for detecting a significant VSD. The murmur depends on the abnormal flow of ... Confirmation of cardiac auscultation can be obtained by non-invasive cardiac ultrasound (echocardiography). To more accurately ... A VSD can be detected by cardiac auscultation. Classically, a VSD causes a pathognomonic holo- or pansystolic murmur. ...
Auscultation with a stethoscope is quick and easy. It contributes the A2 component to the second heart sound and changes with ...
Adaptation to extrauterine life
Crackles upon auscultation and irregular respirations are a normal finding. In the second stage, there is a decrease in ... Auscultation of lung sounds to assess for any abnormalities. Pulse oximetry is performed to determine oxygen saturation. ...
Pleural effusions can be diagnosed via the physical exam, percussion, and auscultation of the chest. However, these exam ... Use of this monitor is sometimes known as Doppler auscultation. The Doppler fetal monitor is commonly referred to simply as a ...
Latissimus dorsi muscle
The space is therefore known as the triangle of auscultation. The latissimus dorsi can be remembered best for insertion as "A ... parts of the sixth and seventh ribs and the interspace between them become subcutaneous and available for auscultation. ...
A pansystolic heart murmur may be heard on auscultation of the chest. The murmur is usually of low frequency and best heard on ...
Dudik JM, Coyle JL, Sejdić E (August 2015). "Dysphagia Screening: Contributions of Cervical Auscultation Signals and Modern ...
Auscultation of the abdomen is subjective and non-specific, but can be useful. Auscultation typically is performed in a four- ... A rectal examination, auscultation of the abdomen, and nasogastric intubation should always occur in addition to the basic ... Diagnosis is usually made by history, environmental conditions, auscultation of the ventral abdomen, radiographs, ultrasound, ...
Sometimes fine inspiratory crackles can be heard at the lung bases on auscultation. A chest X-ray may or may not be abnormal, ...
Because of this, auscultation to determine function of a valve is usually not performed at the position of the valve, but at ... In cardiac auscultation, an examiner may use a stethoscope to listen for these unique and distinct sounds that provide ... Inhalation can also produce a non-pathological split S2 which will be heard upon auscultation. With exhalation ... The same connection can be used to listen to the previously recorded auscultation through the stethoscope headphones, allowing ...
A gallop rhythm refers to a (usually abnormal) rhythm of the heart on auscultation. It includes three or four sounds, thus ...
Listening to the lungs with a stethoscope (auscultation) can also reveal signs associated with CAP. A lack of normal breath ... and increased volume of whispered speech during auscultation can also indicate the presence of fluid. Several tests can ...
Respiratory syncytial virus
Crackles and wheezing can often be heard on auscultation, and oxygen saturation levels may be decreased. In very young infants ...
William Stokes (physician)
Friend of William Stokes and pioneer of auscultation of the fetal heart in the British Isles". British Journal of Obstetrics ...
There is a very low risk of pneumonia if all vital signs and auscultation are normal. C-reactive protein (CRP) may help support ... the larger airways that are transmitted through the inflamed lung are termed bronchial breathing and are heard on auscultation ...
It is one of the four methods of clinical examination, together with inspection, palpation, auscultation, and inquiry. It is ...
... s are due to the rupture of a blood vessel within the richly perfused nasal mucosa. Rupture may be spontaneous or initiated by trauma. Nosebleeds are reported in up to 60% of the population with peak incidences in those under the age of ten and over the age of 50 and appear to occur in males more than females. An increase in blood pressure (e.g. due to general hypertension) tends to increase the duration of spontaneous epistaxis. Anticoagulant medication and disorders of blood clotting can promote and prolong bleeding. Spontaneous epistaxis is more common in the elderly as the nasal mucosa (lining) becomes dry and thin and blood pressure tends to be higher. The elderly are also more prone to prolonged nose bleeds as their blood vessels are less able to constrict and control the bleeding.. The vast majority of nose bleeds occur in the anterior (front) part of the nose from the nasal septum. This area is richly endowed with blood vessels (Kiesselbach's plexus). This region is also ...
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is apparent to a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease. A symptom can be subjective or objective. Tiredness is a subjective symptom whereas cough or fever are objective symptoms. In contrast to a symptom, a sign is a clue to a disease elicited by an examiner or a doctor. For example, paresthesia is a symptom (only the person experiencing it can directly observe their own tingling feeling), whereas erythema is a sign (anyone can confirm that the skin is redder than usual). Symptoms and signs are often nonspecific, but often combinations of them are at least suggestive of certain diagnoses, helping to narrow down what may be wrong. In other cases they are specific even to the point of being pathognomonic. The term is sometimes also ...
... s are normally waited out, as any fit of them will usually pass quickly. Folkloric 'cures' for hiccups are common and varied, but no effective standard for stopping hiccups has been documented. Hiccups are treated medically only in severe and persistent (termed "intractable") cases. Numerous medical remedies exist but no particular treatment is known to be especially effective, generally because of a paucity of high-quality evidence. Many drugs have been used, such as baclofen, chlorpromazine, metoclopramide, gabapentin, and various proton-pump inhibitors. Hiccups that are secondary to some other cause like gastroesophageal reflux disease or esophageal webs are dealt with by treating the underlying disorder. The phrenic nerve can be blocked temporarily with injection of 0.5% procaine, or permanently with bilateral phrenicotomy or other forms of surgical destruction. Even this rather drastic treatment does not cure some cases, however. An anecdotal medical approach is to install ...
Even when marked, hypocapnia is normally well tolerated. Symptoms include tingling sensation (usually in the limbs), abnormal heartbeat, painful muscle cramps, and seizures. Acute hypocapnia causes hypocapnic alkalosis, which causes cerebral vasoconstriction leading to cerebral hypoxia, and this can cause transient dizziness, fainting, and anxiety. A low partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the blood also causes alkalosis (because CO2 is acidic in solution), leading to lowered plasma calcium ions and increased nerve and muscle excitability. This explains the other common symptoms of hyperventilation -pins and needles, muscle cramps and tetany in the extremities, especially hands and feet. Because the brain stem regulates breathing by monitoring the level of blood CO2 instead of O2, hypocapnia can suppress breathing to the point of blackout from cerebral hypoxia, as exhibited in shallow water blackout. Hypocapnia also results in bronchoconstriction in order to decrease ...
Compressive asphyxia (also called chest compression) is mechanically limiting expansion of the lungs by compressing the torso, hence interfering with breathing. Compressive asphyxia occurs when the chest or abdomen is compressed posteriorly. "Traumatic asphyxia" or "crush asphyxia" usually refers to compressive asphyxia resulting from being crushed or pinned under a large weight or force. An example of traumatic asphyxia includes cases where an individual has been using a car-jack to repair a car from below, and is crushed under the weight of the vehicle. Pythons, anacondas, and other constrictor snakes kill through compressive asphyxia. In cases of co-sleeping ("overlay"), the weight of an adult or large child may compress an infant's chest, preventing proper expansion of the chest. Risk factors include large or obese adults, parental fatigue or impairment (sedation by drugs or alcohol) of the co-sleeping adult and a small shared sleeping space (for example, both adult and infant sharing ...
Shortness of breath
Different physiological pathways may lead to shortness of breath including via ASIC chemoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, and lung receptors. It is thought that three main components contribute to dyspnea: afferent signals, efferent signals, and central information processing. It is believed the central processing in the brain compares the afferent and efferent signals; and dyspnea results when a "mismatch" occurs between the two: such as when the need for ventilation (afferent signaling) is not being met by physical breathing (efferent signaling). Afferent signals are sensory neuronal signals that ascend to the brain. Afferent neurons significant in dyspnea arise from a large number of sources including the carotid bodies, medulla, lungs, and chest wall. Chemoreceptors in the carotid bodies and medulla supply information regarding the blood gas levels of O2, CO2 and H+. In the lungs, juxtacapillary (J) receptors are sensitive to pulmonary interstitial edema, while stretch receptors signal ...
An international respiratory research group composed of members from Canada, France, and Japan proposed that the hiccup is an evolutionary remnant of earlier amphibian respiration. Amphibians such as tadpoles gulp air and water across their gills via a rather simple motor reflex akin to mammalian hiccuping. The motor pathways that enable hiccuping form early during fetal development, before the motor pathways that enable normal lung ventilation form. Thus, the hiccup is evolutionarily antecedent to modern lung respiration. Additionally, this group (C. Straus et al.) points out that hiccups and amphibian gulping are inhibited by elevated CO2 and may be stopped by GABAB receptor agonists, illustrating a possible shared physiology and evolutionary heritage. These proposals may explain why premature infants spend 2.5% of their time hiccuping, possibly gulping like amphibians, as their lungs are not yet fully formed. Fetal intrauterine hiccups are of two types. The physiological type occurs ...
The 1819 introduction by René Laennec (1781-1826) of the technique of auscultation (using a stethoscope to listen to the ... The introduction of the techniques of percussion and auscultation into medical practice altered the relationship between ...
Enlarged adenoids can become nearly the size of a ping pong ball and completely block airflow through the nasal passages. Even if enlarged adenoids are not substantial enough to physically block the back of the nose, they can obstruct airflow enough so that nasal breathing requires an uncomfortable amount of work, and inhalation occurs instead through mouth breathing. Adenoids can also obstruct the nasal airway enough to affect the voice without actually stopping nasal airflow altogether. Nasal blockage is determined by at least two factors: 1) the size of the adenoids, and 2) the size of the nasal pharynx passageway. The adenoid usually reaches its greatest size by about age 5 years or so, and then fades away ("atrophies") by late childhood - generally by the age of 7 years. The lymphoid tissue remains under the mucosa of the nasopharynx, and could be seen under a microscope if the area was biopsied, but the mass is so reduced in size that the roof of the nasopharynx becomes flat rather than ...
CardiacStethoscopePercussionBruitNormalFindingsRequireManikinMurmursIntermittent auscultationFetal hearDiagnosisDopplerEchocardiographyChestPhysical examinationLung UltrasoundCracklesPercussionTrainerDetectAnatomyAbdominalRespiratory systemAssessmentMitralSoundsManikinsUnderwentSensitivityCardionicsMedicalDiagnosticAssessRefersContractionPhysiciansSkills
- The Art of Bovine Auscultation: An illustrated guide to cardiac, respiratory and gastrointestinal sounds. (vetvisions.com)
- The cardiovascular section shows normal cardiac auscultation findings along with the findings in the common cardiac disorders of cattle - sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, premature ventricular contractions, endocarditis, ventricular septal defects and patent ductus arteriosus. (vetvisions.com)
- To describe and identify breath sounds, medical professionals usually use auscultation (they listen with a stethoscope). (wikipedia.org)
- Furthermore, absent peripheral artery pulses and femoral artery bruit on auscultation predicted amputation. (diabetesjournals.org)
- The respiratory section display auscultation findings in normal cattle and in the common upper and lower respiratory diseases of cattle - calf diphtheria, bacterial pneumonia, pleuritis and atypical interstitial pneumonia. (vetvisions.com)
- Red Flags in Family History and Auscultations that may require 12-Lead" by Annise V. Nalepa, Jennifer S. Blevins-Naughton et al. (wku.edu)
- Manikin has all the same features as the complete CRiSis Manikin (LF03953U) with the addition of auscultation sites with heart and lung sounds. (cpr-savers.com)
- The manikin presents itself as a real patient without visible auscultation sites. (cpr-savers.com)
- The student must palpate to identify correct auscultation locations, and will hear different heart and lung sounds as the SmartScope is moved to different locations on the manikin. (cpr-savers.com)
- Manikin includes Complete CRiSis Manikin with auscultation sites, one remote control with LCD display, one SmartScope with single- and dual-user headpieces, and hard storage case. (cpr-savers.com)
- PAT - the Pediatric Auscultation Trainer - is the complete auscultation manikin for pediatric-specific conditions. (a3bs.com)
- The Life/form® GERi Auscultation Manikin is a lightweight full-size 58-inch adult manikin and comes with an elderly appearance with skin wrinkles. (alternateforce.net)
- The Adult CRiSis Auscultation Manikin is ideal for ACLS, paramedic, EMT, and nursing training at every level. (firstaidmart.com)
- The patient sits upright for auscultation of the back, then leans forward to aid auscultation of aortic and pulmonic diastolic murmurs or pericardial friction rub. (merckmanuals.com)
- Heart murmurs auscultation as professional learning problems/Profesyonel ogrenme problemi olarak kalp ufurumlerin oskultasyonu. (thefreelibrary.com)
- With the multitude of things presented on this site, the auscultation part falls short of things the other sites include, such as descriptions of the murmurs heard. (clinicalcorrelations.org)
- It is not always easy to identify in maternity notes all risk factors that may make intermittent auscultation inappropriate. (rcog.org.uk)
- NICE guidance on when to switch from intermittent auscultation to continuous CTG monitoring should be followed (Table 6). (rcog.org.uk)
- This requires regular reassessment of risk during labour as recommended in the guideline on intermittent auscultation from the Royal College of Midwives. (rcog.org.uk)
- Fetal heart rate abnormalities identified or suspected through intermittent auscultation need careful assessment to ensure the baby is coping with labour. (rcog.org.uk)
- In contrast to continuous CTG monitoring, the frequency of fetal monitoring with intermittent auscultation varies according to the labour phase and yet the transitions from the latent to the active phase and from the active to the second stage may occur unnoticed. (rcog.org.uk)
- Fetal scalp stimulation test: An adjunct to intermittent auscultation in non-reassuring fetal status during labor. (biomedsearch.com)
- Aims: To evaluate fetal scalp stimulation test (FSST) as an adjunct to intermittent auscultation in diagnosis of intrapartum fetal acidosis and associate result of FSST with cord blood pH and immediate neonatal outcome. (biomedsearch.com)
- Intermittent auscultation was used for fetal monitoring during labor. (biomedsearch.com)
- Cardiotocography versus intermittent auscultation of fetal heart on admission to labour ward for assessment of fetal wellbeing. (bmj.com)
- Auscultation typically uses an ultrasound transducer and fetal heart rate monitor. (conservapedia.com)
- Auscultation of the respiratory system to distinguish normal respiratory sounds from abnormal ones for example crackles, wheezes, and pleural rub in order to make correct diagnosis and to understand the underlying pathophysiology of various lung sounds generation for better understanding of disease processes. (merlot.org)
- Biosignetics Corporation has developed and applied state-of-the art signal processing computational algorithms aiming to stimulate basic research and to teach physicians and medical students to perform Â digitalÂ heart auscultation diagnosis during the routine medical checkups. (prweb.com)
- S. G. Zhao, "A modem research overview on the auscultation diagnosis of TCM," Chinese Journal of the Practical Chinese with Modern Medicine , vol. 14, pp. 1218-1220, 2008. (hindawi.com)
- Though lung sounds auscultation is important for the diagnosis and monitoring of lung diseases, the spectral characteristics of lung sounds have not been fully understood. (mdpi.com)
- In general, auscultation had very low discriminatory power for the diagnosis of mild (area under the receiver operating curve =0.61), moderate (area under the receiver operating curve =0.65), and severe (area under the receiver operating curve =0.68) lung congestion, and the same was true for peripheral edema (receiver operating curve =0.56 or lower) and the combination of the two physical signs. (asnjournals.org)
- However, the reliability of auscultation for the diagnosis of lung congestion has never been assessed in this population. (asnjournals.org)
- Auscultation is a straight forward and inexpensive method for the preliminary diagnosis of heart valve disease. (ommegaonline.org)
- Doppler auscultation of the TMJs at the examination can be one of those things that differentiates your practice, prompting that wonderful question, 'Why didn't my old dentist do that? (speareducation.com)
- Use the results of Doppler auscultation to start a discussion with your patient about their TMJ health, especially if nothing is heard. (speareducation.com)
- Great Lakes Doppler is a rapid, accurate auscultation instrument utilized for the detection of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction. (greatlakesdentaltech.com)
- Great Lakes' warranty covers the Doppler Auscultation for one year against manufacturers' defects. (greatlakesdentaltech.com)
- In this prospective study we aimed to investigate the sensitivity of auscultation in patients with mitral and aortic valve disease in comparison to Doppler echocardiography. (ommegaonline.org)
- The treatment position of the TMJ is an important part of the treatment planning process, which is now made easier with Doppler auscultation. (luskfamilydentistry.com)
- Standard portable echocardiography (STAND) is far more sensitive than auscultation for the detection of RHD but remains cost-prohibitive in resource-limited settings. (aappublications.org)
- The lung sounds were recorded from seven pairs of auscultation sites on the chest wall simultaneously. (mdpi.com)
- The ratio of inspiration power to expiration power (R I/E ) of lung sounds from the right lung was greater than that from the left lung at auscultation pairs on the anterior chest wall, while this phenomenon was reversed at auscultation pairs on the posterior chest wall in combined subjects, and similarly in both male and female subjects. (mdpi.com)
- Had auscultation of chest/back in accident. (healthcaremagic.com)
- Just auscultation of his chest/back. (healthcaremagic.com)
- Ideally, chest auscultation should be performed on all patients as part of a head-to-toe assessment. (vpromptfoundation.org)
- The diaphragm, when pressed firmly against the chest wall, will accentuate high-pitched auscultation events (e.g., diastolic murmur of AR, pericardial friction rub)  . (ommegaonline.org)
- Auscultation is listening to the sounds of the body during a physical examination . (medlineplus.gov)
- With full coverage of heart and breath sounds from the simple to the complex this comprehensive text explains heart and breath sound fundamentals including basic anatomy and physiology, best auscultation locations, tips on how to identify each sound, and what to document during a physical examination. (ovid.com)
- This study was on the basis of 1106 pre- and postdialysis lung ultrasound studies (in 79 patients) simultaneous with standardized lung auscultation (crackles at the lung bases) and quantification of peripheral edema. (asnjournals.org)
- Systematic application of lung auscultation for the detection of crackles at the bases of the lungs is recommended in clinical practice in both individuals with suspected heart failure ( 3 ) and patients with ESRD ( 4 ). (asnjournals.org)
- The abbreviation P & A, which means percussion and auscultation, is presented. (ebscohost.com)
- revised fifth edition, 1884) Medical Essays on Conservative Medicine and Kindred Topics (1874) Clinical Medicine (1879) On Phthisis (1883) Manual of Auscultation and Percussion (revised third edition, 1883) Medicine of the future (1886) Flint's murmur a loud presystolic murmur at the apex in aortic regurgitation. (wikipedia.org)
- Pediatric size auscultation trainer with listening points at the correct anatomical locations. (a3bs.com)
- Auscultation was only able to detect 51.6% of the mitral valve lesions and 56.6% of the aortic valve lesions. (ommegaonline.org)
- Auscultation Skills: Breath and Heart Sounds, Fourth Edition is the only book-and-audio-CD product on the market that offers full coverage of heart and breath sounds from the simple to the complex and provides a comprehensive text explaining heart and breath sound fundamentals including basic anatomy and physiology, best auscultation locations, tips on how to identify each sound, and what to document. (barnesandnoble.com)
- Abdominal auscultation stock vector. (dreamstime.com)
- If you know the author of Auscultation of the respiratory system , please help us out by filling out the form below and clicking Send. (merlot.org)
- Our purpose was to assess the frequency with which auscultation could be used as the primary mode of fetal assessment during labor in a busy labor and delivery suite by means of published criteria. (icpa4kids.org)
- Sensitivity and specificity of HAND and auscultation for the detection of RHD and pathologic mitral or aortic regurgitation were calculated by using STAND as the gold standard. (aappublications.org)
- Auscultation is the listening for the sounds made by an unborn child's internal organs, particularly a heartbeat. (conservapedia.com)
- Up to 20 patches may be programed and simultaneously activated with heart, breath, bowel, and bruit sounds from the extensive sounds library to simulate real-time auscultation during a physical exam. (enasco.com)
- This study compared the spectral characteristics of lung sounds between the right and left lungs and between healthy male and female subjects using a dual-channel auscultation system. (mdpi.com)
- We found that in four out of seven auscultation pairs, the lung sounds from the left lung had a higher total power (P T ) than those from the right lung. (mdpi.com)
- The dual-channel auscultation system might be useful for future development of digital stethoscopes and power spectral analysis of lung sounds in patients with various kinds of cardiopulmonary diseases. (mdpi.com)
- Lung sounds can be detected at five anterior and two midaxillary locations and students can practice auscultation at six anterior heart sites. (cpr-savers.com)
- Get Auscultation ( Heart & Lung Sounds) For PC , it is fully free to download and install on every Computer OS like Windows (exe) and Mac (dmg). (surefiresoftware.com)
- The latest and updated version of Auscultation ( Heart & Lung Sounds) app is now suitable for 32bit and 64bit Computer. (surefiresoftware.com)
- The Auscultation ( Heart & Lung Sounds) software may be useful for you. (surefiresoftware.com)
- With an App player (emulating engine), you can run of Auscultation ( Heart & Lung Sounds) APK on Windows 10 and Mac. (surefiresoftware.com)
- surefiresoftware.com is not claiming the ownership of Auscultation ( Heart & Lung Sounds) software. (surefiresoftware.com)
- We do not share the Auscultation ( Heart & Lung Sounds) EXE/DMG/APK directly on our server. (surefiresoftware.com)
- On every guide, we have recommended the official app store of the Auscultation ( Heart & Lung Sounds) app. (surefiresoftware.com)
- Auscultation is a term used to listen to the internal sounds of the body. (3d4medical.com)
- The goal of this basic course in lung sounds is to improve auscultation observational skills. (practicalclinicalskills.com)
- With one of the largest libraries of pediatric sounds and intuitive instructional tools, PAT gives students everything they need to actively engage in their auscultation education. (a3bs.com)
- Other common errors are the same as in Lung Auscultation - Normal Breath Sounds . (vataha.md)
- Lung sounds can be detected at seven anterior locations and students can practice auscultation at six anterior heart sites. (firstaidmart.com)
- Of 4773 children who underwent screening with STAND, a subgroup of 1317 children underwent HAND and auscultation. (aappublications.org)
- Auscultation had uniformly poor sensitivity for the detection of RHD or valve disease. (aappublications.org)
- X. M. Mo and Y. S. Zhang, "The current situation and prospect of auscultation research in TCM," Foundation Medical Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine , vol. 4, no. 1, 1998. (hindawi.com)
- A real-time tele-auscultation over the Internet is effective medical services that increase the accessibility of healthcare services to remote areas. (intechopen.com)
- Auscultation" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (sickkids.ca)
- Loaded with clear explanations, colorful illustrations, and linked to online audio cues, this sensational reference spans the simple to the complex and serves as an excellent tool for beginning practitioners and seasoned clinicians who are looking to hone their diagnostic skills and improve their auscultation technique. (ovid.com)
- The purpose of this study was to assess the incremental value of HAND over auscultation to identify RHD. (aappublications.org)
- Auscultation and ultrasonography are noninvasive techniques used to assess gastrointestinal motility in horses. (ovid.com)
- Quickly assess your auscultation skills. (easyauscultation.com)
- A definition of the term "endoauscultation," which refers to auscultation by an esophageal tube passed into the stomach, is presented. (ebscohost.com)
- Auscultation was initiated during a contraction and extended for 30 seconds after uterine activity ceased. (icpa4kids.org)
- Our team of physicians and course developers, with experience in authoring textbooks and CDs for Lippencott, Pearson, Challenger and Littmann, continues to create new content for auscultation and taking blood pressure. (easyauscultation.com)