Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic
Migraine with Aura
Noise exposure and hearing loss among student employees working in university entertainment venues. (1/12)OBJECTIVES: Most studies to date on sound levels in entertainment establishments have concentrated on exposure levels for the attending public, rather than employees who may be at greater risk of hearing loss. Of particular concern are young employees. The aim of this pilot study was to (i) estimate typical sound levels in different areas where amplified music was played, (ii) measure temporary threshold shift (TTS) and (iii) estimate the dependence of hearing threshold shifts on measured noise levels. METHODS: This study focused on students working part-time (up to 16 h/week) in music bars and discotheques in a university entertainment venue. All 28 staff were invited to participate in the study. Pre- and post-exposure audiometry was used to determine hearing threshold at both high and low frequencies. Personal dosemeters and static measurements were made to assess noise levels and frequency characteristics. A questionnaire was used to determine patterns of noise exposure and attitudes to noise levels and hearing loss. RESULTS: Of the 28 student employees working in the three areas, 14 (50%) agreed to take part in the study, giving 21 pre- and post-shift audiograms. The mean personal exposure levels for security staff were higher than those of bar staff, with both groups exceeding 90 dB(A). The maximum peak pressure reading for security staff was 124 dB. Although TTS values were moderate, they were found to be highly significant at both low and high frequencies and for both ears. Twenty-nine per cent of subjects showed permanent hearing loss of more than 30 dB at either low or high frequencies. The correlation between TTS and personal exposure was higher at 4 kHz than the low and high frequencies. CONCLUSIONS: Contemporary music may be an important yet little considered contributor to total personal noise exposure, especially amongst young employees. Employees need to be better informed of risks of hearing loss and the need to report changes in hearing acuity. Suggestions are made on strategies for improving the assessment of noise exposure in entertainment venues. (+info)
Evaluation of auditory fatigue in combined noise, heat and workload exposure. (2/12)This study was performed in a climatic chamber to evaluate the combined effects of noise intensity, heat stress, workload, and exposure duration on both noise-induced temporary threshold shift (TTS) and the recovery time by adopting Taguch's method. Fourteen subjects without previous significant noise exposure and smoking history were recruited to participate in this study. All hearing threshold levels at eight different frequencies (250 to 8,000 Hz) of better ear were measured in an audiometric booth by using the ascending method in 2 dB steps before each exposure condition. The test was also carried out after exposure to evaluate TTS at various times. The TTS recovery time was assessed using an audiometric test on all subjects at post-exposure times of 2, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 120 min, respectively. It was found that TTS depended mainly on the exposed noise dose and was enhanced by workload and heat stress. The TTS recovery time is dependent upon the magnitude of the initial hearing loss. In conclusion, TTS driven by noise exposure is enhanced by heat and workload. Further studies are required to evaluate the effects of workload with extreme temperature in a workplace environment. (+info)
The efficiency of otoacoustic emissions and pure-tone audiometry in the detection of temporary auditory changes after exposure to high sound pressure levels. (3/12)Exposure to noise has a harmful effect on the auditory health of workers. AIM: The main goal of this paper was to establish the role of pure-tone audiometry and evoked transient otoacoustic emissions in the detection of small temporary auditory changes after exposure to high sound pressure levels. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 30 otologically normal subjects aged between 20 and 35 years were submitted to pure-tone audiometry and evoked transiente otoacoustic emissions before and after 5 hours of exposure to high sound pressure levels (between 80 and 90 dB). RESULTS: For pure-tone audiometry the largest changes occurred at high frequencies--from 3 KHz to 8 KHz after exposure. The evoked transient otoacoustic emissions showed reduced reproductibility from 1 KHz to 4 KHz after exposure to noise. CONCLUSION: We noted that both pure-tone audiometry and evoked transient otoacoustic emissions had a role in detecting statistically significant changes in the auditory threshold and in reproductibility, after exposure to high sound pressure levels. (+info)
Temporary threshold shifts at 1500 and 2000 Hz induced by loud voice signals communicated through earphones in the pinball industry. (4/12)(+info)
Preferred sound levels of portable music players and listening habits among adults: a field study. (5/12)(+info)
Prevalence of noise-induced hearing-threshold shifts and hearing loss among US youths. (6/12)(+info)
Long-term, but not transient, threshold shifts alter the morphology and increase the excitability of cortical pyramidal neurons. (7/12)(+info)
Digital music exposure reliably induces temporary threshold shift in normal-hearing human subjects. (8/12)(+info)
In the medical field, fatigue is often evaluated using a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests to determine its underlying cause. Treatment for fatigue depends on the underlying cause, but may include rest, exercise, stress management techniques, and medication.
Some common causes of fatigue in the medical field include:
1. Sleep disorders, such as insomnia or sleep apnea
2. Chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, heart disease, or arthritis
3. Infections, such as the flu or a urinary tract infection
4. Medication side effects
5. Poor nutrition or hydration
6. Substance abuse
7. Chronic stress
8. Depression or anxiety
9. Hormonal imbalances
10. Autoimmune disorders, such as thyroiditis or lupus.
Fatigue can also be a symptom of other medical conditions, such as:
2. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
3. Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
4. Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
5. Chronic fatigue syndrome
9. Heart failure
10. Liver or kidney disease.
It is important to seek medical attention if fatigue is severe, persistent, or accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, pain, or difficulty breathing. A healthcare professional can diagnose and treat the underlying cause of fatigue, improving overall quality of life.
The symptoms of CFS/ME can vary in severity and may include:
1. Prolonged and persistent fatigue, which is not relieved by rest.
2. Muscle pain and weakness (myalgia).
3. Joint pain and swelling (arthralgia).
5. Sore throat.
6. Tender lymph nodes.
7. Lack of mental clarity and concentration (brain fog).
8. Memory loss and difficulty learning new information.
9. Sensitivity to light, noise, and/or other environmental stimuli.
10. Sleep disturbances, including insomnia and vivid dreams or nightmares.
The exact cause of CFS/ME is not known, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors. There is no diagnostic test for CFS/ME, and the diagnosis is based on a comprehensive medical history and physical examination. Treatment is focused on managing symptoms and improving quality of life.
CFS/ME can have a significant impact on an individual's daily life, relationships, and work or school performance. It can also lead to feelings of frustration, anxiety, and depression. It is important for individuals with CFS/ME to work closely with their healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses their specific needs and improves their quality of life.
Some common signs and symptoms of mental fatigue include:
* Difficulty concentrating or paying attention
* Memory lapses or decreased ability to learn new information
* Mood changes, such as irritability or apathy
* Decreased motivation or interest in activities
* Increased errors or mistakes in work or other tasks
* Difficulty multitasking or processing complex information
* Feeling overwhelmed or burnt out
* Physical symptoms like headaches, muscle tension, or gastrointestinal issues.
Mental fatigue can be diagnosed by a mental health professional through a combination of clinical interviews and assessment tools, such as questionnaires or cognitive tests. Treatment may involve addressing underlying conditions or stressors, practicing self-care, and developing strategies to manage fatigue and improve productivity.
Some common treatments for mental fatigue include:
* Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to fatigue
* Mindfulness techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing, to reduce stress and improve focus
* Relaxation techniques, such as yoga or progressive muscle relaxation, to manage physical tension and promote relaxation
* Medications, such as stimulants or antidepressants, to help improve focus and energy levels
* Lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and getting enough sleep, to improve overall physical and mental health.
It is important to seek professional help if symptoms of mental fatigue are impacting daily life or causing significant distress, as untreated mental fatigue can lead to more severe conditions like depression or burnout. With proper diagnosis and treatment, individuals can learn to manage mental fatigue and improve their overall well-being.
Migraine with aura is considered to be a more severe form of migraine than migraine without aura, which does not have the same neurological symptoms before the headache. Migraine with aura is also associated with a higher risk of other health problems, such as stroke and dementia.
There are several treatments available for migraine with aura, including medications that can help to reduce the frequency and severity of the headaches, as well as lifestyle changes such as avoiding triggers and getting regular exercise. It is important for people who experience migraine with aura to work closely with their healthcare provider to develop an effective treatment plan.
Symptoms of dysgerminoma may include abdominal pain, pelvic pain, bloating, and irregular vaginal bleeding. The tumor can also cause elevated levels of certain proteins, such as CA125, in the blood.
Dysgerminoma is diagnosed through a combination of imaging tests, such as ultrasound and CT scans, and a biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer cells. Treatment typically involves a combination of surgery and chemotherapy, with the goal of removing all visible tumor deposits and reducing the risk of recurrence.
Prognosis for dysgerminoma varies depending on the stage and aggressiveness of the tumor. Early detection and treatment can improve survival rates, but this type of cancer is generally more difficult to treat than other types of ovarian cancer.
Overall, dysgerminoma is a rare and aggressive form of ovarian cancer that requires specialized care and attention from medical professionals. With advances in diagnosis and treatment, women with this condition have a better chance of successful management and a positive outcome.
There are several types of headaches, including:
1. Tension headache: This is the most common type of headache and is caused by muscle tension in the neck and scalp.
2. Migraine: This is a severe headache that can cause nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound.
3. Sinus headache: This type of headache is caused by inflammation or infection in the sinuses.
4. Cluster headache: This is a rare type of headache that occurs in clusters or cycles and can be very painful.
5. Rebound headache: This type of headache is caused by overuse of pain medication.
Headaches can be treated with a variety of methods, such as:
1. Over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
2. Prescription medications, such as triptans or ergots, for migraines and other severe headaches.
3. Lifestyle changes, such as stress reduction techniques, regular exercise, and a healthy diet.
4. Alternative therapies, such as acupuncture or massage, which can help relieve tension and pain.
5. Addressing underlying causes, such as sinus infections or allergies, that may be contributing to the headaches.
It is important to seek medical attention if a headache is severe, persistent, or accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, confusion, or weakness. A healthcare professional can diagnose the cause of the headache and recommend appropriate treatment.
Primary headache disorders are those that are not caused by another medical condition or injury, and include:
1. Migraine: a severe, debilitating headache that can last for hours or even days, often accompanied by sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, and vomiting.
2. Tension headache: a common type of headache that is often described as a dull, squeezing pain on both sides of the head.
3. Cluster headache: a rare and intense form of headache that occurs in clusters or cycles, typically lasting several weeks or months.
4. Sinus headache: a type of headache caused by inflammation or infection in the sinuses.
5. Trigeminal neuralgia: a chronic pain disorder that affects the nerves in the face and head.
Secondary headache disorders are those that are caused by another medical condition or injury, such as:
1. Medication overuse headache: a type of headache that develops as a result of taking too much pain medication.
2. Hormonal headache: a type of headache that occurs due to changes in hormone levels, such as during menstruation or menopause.
3. Headache caused by underlying medical conditions, such as stroke, tumors, or sinusitis.
4. Headache caused by trauma or injury, such as whiplash or a concussion.
Headache disorders can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, and can affect their ability to work, sleep, and participate in daily activities. Treatment for headache disorders depends on the underlying cause, but may include medication, lifestyle changes, and alternative therapies such as acupuncture or biofeedback.
Noise-induced hearing loss
Flicker fusion threshold
X-linked recessive inheritance
Nesplora Aula (test)
Tone decay test
Clinical descriptions of chronic fatigue syndrome
Problematic smartphone use
Central nervous system fatigue
Auditory processing disorder
Effects of long-term benzodiazepine use
Effects of sleep deprivation in space
List of MeSH codes (F02)
The Museum Experience
Unilateral hearing loss
Psychological stress and sleep
Major depressive episode
Activity-specific approach in temperament research
Facial nerve paralysis
Outline of the human brain
Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 2
Effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance
Intelligent Speech Analyser
Recreational use of dextromethorphan
Late life depression
Outline of autism
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- He no longer enjoys these gatherings because, even with hearing aids, he can't understand a word anyone says - he may be experiencing a central auditory processing disorder (APD). (nextavenue.org)
- The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association refers to central auditory processing disorders as deficits in how one processes auditory information - what the brain does with what the ears hear. (nextavenue.org)
- APD is commonly thought to be a neurologic issue from damage to the central auditory nervous system. (nextavenue.org)
- It was performed the screening of Central Auditory Processing (CAP) through the simplified evaluation of auditory processing and the neurodevelopment using the Developmental Screening Test II Denver. (bvsalud.org)
- It was found that the group studied was relationship between the language alterations and alterations in the temporal ordering skills of the central auditory processing. (bvsalud.org)
- Among the possibilities of perception of stimuli hearing, more specifically, auditory processing comes to the forefront as it has an important role to play in determining how the peripheral and central auditory system receives, analyzes and organizes this information. (bvsalud.org)
- The brain processes auditory input faster than visual input, Kraus explains, and when we have the space to listen, our brains prioritize what we tune in to and reward paying attention through a release of dopamine. (ksut.org)
- The permanent effects were identified mainly at the level of the high brainstem and in the auditory ability of binaural integration. (cdc.gov)
- The increased effort required for communication can cause stress and fatigue. (cdc.gov)
- Counter the spread of excess noise by taking steps to curb this fatigue. (gbdmagazine.com)
- We also review recent physiological and psychological studies on listener fatigue, along with research into efferent components of perception. (mediasite.com)
- Auditory sensitivity is characteristic of an abnormal intolerance to the auditory perception of sound by the presence of an actual physical sensitivity. (dewarlorx.com)
- Often paresis and paralysis of the limbs, and auditory disorders, disorders of coordination of movements. (vsebolezni.com)
- It is easiest to control sound dispersion and manipulation vertically from a purely auditory standpoint. (gbdmagazine.com)
- Dr. Rachel Cohen , an audiologist in Southwest Florida, says that APD-related problems (think hearing words in the incorrect order or having difficulty understanding one person when there are many talkers in the room) often leave people with mental and listening fatigue and anxiety, resulting in a reduced desire to socialize. (nextavenue.org)
- To have a significant impact on the auditory comfort of the building's inhabitants, you may want to install dedicated acoustic products such as baffles or clouds. (gbdmagazine.com)
- Extensive research is being conducted at The Ohio State University to determine the impact of auditory processing on aging. (nextavenue.org)
- Clusters of activation were found in the contralateral hemisphere in primary somatomotor area (M1), supplementary motor area (SMA), somatosensory, auditory receptive and integration areas, inferior temporal lobe, thalamus and cerebellum. (ias.ac.in)
- However, the park's aging sound system was becoming a detriment to the experience, causing auditory fatigue for park employees and visitors due to abundant echo and harsh frequencies. (jblpro.com)
- Thyroid dysfunction is associated with attention deficit and impairment of the motor system (muscle weakness and fatigue). (ias.ac.in)
- We know from studies that reduced listening effort may also reduce feelings of fatigue, 3 making people feel less tired at the end of the day 4 . (phonak.com)