Disorders of hearing or auditory perception due to pathological processes of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. These include CENTRAL HEARING LOSS and AUDITORY PERCEPTUAL DISORDERS.
The study of hearing and hearing impairment.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The essential part of the hearing organ consists of two labyrinthine compartments: the bony labyrinthine and the membranous labyrinth. The bony labyrinth is a complex of three interconnecting cavities or spaces (COCHLEA; VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH; and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS) in the TEMPORAL BONE. Within the bony labyrinth lies the membranous labyrinth which is a complex of sacs and tubules (COCHLEAR DUCT; SACCULE AND UTRICLE; and SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS) forming a continuous space enclosed by EPITHELIUM and connective tissue. These spaces are filled with LABYRINTHINE FLUIDS of various compositions.
The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.
Glioma derived from EPENDYMOGLIAL CELLS that tend to present as malignant intracranial tumors in children and as benign intraspinal neoplasms in adults. It may arise from any level of the ventricular system or central canal of the spinal cord. Intracranial ependymomas most frequently originate in the FOURTH VENTRICLE and histologically are densely cellular tumors which may contain ependymal tubules and perivascular pseudorosettes. Spinal ependymomas are usually benign papillary or myxopapillary tumors. (From DeVita et al., Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2018; Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp28-9)
Facilities for collecting and organizing information. They may be specialized by subject field, type of source material, persons served, location, or type of services.
The body region between (and flanking) the SACRUM and COCCYX.
Benign and malignant neoplasms which occur within the substance of the spinal cord (intramedullary neoplasms) or in the space between the dura and spinal cord (intradural extramedullary neoplasms). The majority of intramedullary spinal tumors are primary CNS neoplasms including ASTROCYTOMA; EPENDYMOMA; and LIPOMA. Intramedullary neoplasms are often associated with SYRINGOMYELIA. The most frequent histologic types of intradural-extramedullary tumors are MENINGIOMA and NEUROFIBROMA.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.
A center in the HEALTH RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION Division of Planning Methods and Technology which provides access to current information on health planning and resources development.

Cortical deafness to dissonance. (1/30)

Ordinary listeners, including infants, easily distinguish consonant from dissonant pitch combinations and consider the former more pleasant than the latter. The preference for consonance over dissonance was tested in a patient, I.R., who suffers from music perception and memory disorders as a result of bilateral lesions to the auditory cortex. In Experiment 1, I.R. was found to be unable to distinguish consonant from dissonant versions of musical excerpts taken from the classical repertoire by rating their pleasantness. I.R.'s indifference to dissonance was not due to a loss of all affective responses to music, however, since she rated the same excerpts as happy or sad, as normal controls do. In Experiment 2, I.R.'s lack of responsiveness to varying degrees of dissonance was replicated with chord sequences which had been used in a previous study using PET, in examining emotional responses to dissonance. A CT scan of I.R.'s brain was co-registered with the PET activation data from normal volunteers. Comparison of I.R.'s scan with the PET data revealed that the damaged areas overlapped with the regions identified to be involved in the perceptual analysis of the musical input, but not with the paralimbic regions involved in affective responses. Taken together, the findings suggest that dissonance may be computed bilaterally in the superior temporal gyri by specialized mechanisms prior to its emotional interpretation.  (+info)

Aetiology and clinical presentations of auditory processing disorders--a review. (2/30)

Auditory processing disorders may have detrimental consequences on a child's life, if undiagnosed and untreated. We review causes of auditory processing disorders in order to raise clinical awareness. Auditory processing disorders may present against a background of neurological disease or developmental disorders, as well as in isolation. Clinicians need to be aware of potential causes and implications of auditory processing disorders.  (+info)

Mutations in LGI1 cause autosomal-dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features. (3/30)

The epilepsies are a common, clinically heterogeneous group of disorders defined by recurrent unprovoked seizures. Here we describe identification of the causative gene in autosomal-dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features (ADPEAF, MIM 600512), a rare form of idiopathic lateral temporal lobe epilepsy characterized by partial seizures with auditory disturbances. We constructed a complete, 4.2-Mb physical map across the genetically implicated disease-gene region, identified 28 putative genes (Fig. 1) and resequenced all or part of 21 genes before identifying presumptive mutations in one copy of the leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated 1 gene (LGI1) in each of five families with ADPEAF. Previous studies have indicated that loss of both copies of LGI1 promotes glial tumor progression. We show that the expression pattern of mouse Lgi1 is predominantly neuronal and is consistent with the anatomic regions involved in temporal lobe epilepsy. Discovery of LGI1 as a cause of ADPEAF suggests new avenues for research on pathogenic mechanisms of idiopathic epilepsies.  (+info)

Deficits of musical timbre perception after unilateral temporal-lobe lesion revealed with multidimensional scaling. (4/30)

Thirty patients with unilateral temporal lobe excisions and 15 normal control subjects were tested in a task involving judgements of timbre dissimilarity in single tone and melodic conditions. Perceptual correlates of spectral and temporal parameters resulting from changing the number of harmonics and rise-time duration, respectively, were investigated by using a multidimensional scaling technique. The results of subjects with left temporal lobe lesion suggest that they were able to use the spectral and temporal envelopes of tones independently in making perceptual judgements of single tones. In the melodic condition, their results were significantly different from those of normal control subjects, suggesting that left temporal lesions do affect subtle aspects of timbre perception, despite these patients' preserved ability to make discrimination judgements using traditional paradigms. The major finding of this study concerns perceptual ratings obtained by subjects with right temporal lobe lesion, which revealed a disturbed perceptual space in both conditions. The most distorted results were obtained with single tones, in which the temporal parameter was less prominent. Tones were grouped according to their spectral content, but the results did not reflect a coherent underlying perceptual dimension. In general, the data from both patient groups (left lesions and right lesions) showed that the extraction of temporal cues was easier in the melodic than in the single tone condition, suggesting that the different durations and frequencies heard in a musical phrase enhance the importance of certain physical parameters. The findings of the present study replicate and extend previous results showing that timbre perception depends mainly upon the integrity of right neocortical structures, although a contribution of left temporal regions is also apparent. These data also demonstrate that multidimensional techniques are sensitive to more subtle perceptual disturbances that may not be revealed by discrimination paradigms.  (+info)

Congenital amusia: all the songs sound the same. (5/30)

Recent evidence from individuals born with a profound musical impairment suggests that the ability to process pitch information is normally present from birth. This finding supports the idea that the perception and appreciation of music, both of which critically depend on pitch processing, have a biological basis in the brain.  (+info)

Speech-sound-selective auditory impairment in children with autism: they can perceive but do not attend. (6/30)

In autism, severe abnormalities in social behavior coexist with aberrant attention and deficient language. In the attentional domain, attention to people and socially relevant stimuli is impaired the most. Because socially meaningful stimulus events are physically complex, a deficiency in sensory processing of complex stimuli has been suggested to contribute to aberrant attention and language in autism. This study used event-related brain potentials (ERP) to examine the sensory and early attentional processing of sounds of different complexity in high-functioning children with autism. Acoustically matched simple tones, complex tones, and vowels were presented in separate oddball sequences, in which a repetitive "standard" sound was occasionally replaced by an infrequent "deviant" sound differing from the standard in frequency (by 10%). In addition to sensory responses, deviant sounds elicited an ERP index of automatic sound-change discrimination, the mismatch negativity, and an ERP index of attentional orienting, the P3a. The sensory sound processing was intact in the high-functioning children with autism and was not affected by sound complexity or "speechness." In contrast, their involuntary orienting was affected by stimulus nature. It was normal to both simple- and complex-tone changes but was entirely abolished by vowel changes. These results demonstrate that, first, auditory orienting deficits in autism cannot be explained by sensory deficits and, second, that orienting deficit in autism might be speech-sound specific.  (+info)

Is there an association between noise exposure and King Kopetzky Syndrome? (7/30)

The condition in which individuals with normal pure tone audiograms complain of hearing difficulties, especially in the presence of background noise, (normal pure tone audiograms), has had a number of different names. The present term King-Kopetzky Syndrome was coined by Hinchcliffe in 1992. This is a common condition reported in 5 - 10% of those attending clinics complaining of hearing problems. A dominant genetic aetiology has been found in a proportion of cases. It may be associated with minor peripheral or central auditory dysfunction, and frequently the individuals exhibit anxious or depressive personalities. We found no relationship with noise exposure in a series of patients compared with matched controls. Here we review the evidence for and against such an influence and present fresh data in an attempt to define the role of noise, if any, in the causation of this condition. Our final conclusion is that there is no clear association between KKS and noise exposure  (+info)

Central auditory development: evidence from CAEP measurements in children fit with cochlear implants. (8/30)

In normal-hearing children the latency of the P1 component of the cortical evoked response to sound varies as a function of age and, thus, can be used as a biomarker for maturation of central auditory pathways. We assessed P1 latency in 245 congenitally deaf children fit with cochlear implants following various periods of auditory deprivation. If children experience less than 3.5 years of auditory deprivation before implantation, P1 latencies fall into the range of normal following 3-6 months of electrical stimulation. Children who experience greater than 7 years of deprivation, however, generally do not develop normal P1 latencies even after years of stimulation. Moreover, the waveforms for these patients can be markedly abnormal. Cortical reorganization stimulated by deprivation is likely to be a significant factor in both variation in the latency and morphology of the cortical evoked response to sound for children fit with a cochlear implant and variation in the development of oral speech and language function. LEARNING OUTCOMES: The reader will be introduced to research using cortical evoked responses (CAEPs), positron emission tomography (PET) scans and in-depth recording from the auditory cortex of congenitally deaf cats that converges on the existence of a sensitive period for the development of central auditory pathways in children. The reader will also be provided with two case studies that illustrate the use of the P1 response as biomarker for development of central auditory pathways. Finally, suggestions for future research will be provided.  (+info)

Central auditory diseases refer to a group of disorders that affect the processing of auditory information in the central nervous system, specifically in the brainstem and cortex. These disorders can result from various causes, such as head injuries, infections, tumors, or degenerative conditions. They can cause difficulties with understanding speech, locating the source of sounds, and perceiving complex or rapidly changing auditory stimuli.

Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is a common type of central auditory disease. It is a hearing problem that affects about 5% of school-aged children. Kids with CAPD can't process what they hear in the same way other kids do because their ears and brain don't fully coordinate. Something interferes with the way the brain recognizes and interprets sounds, especially speech.

CAPD is not a hearing loss or an intelligence problem. Children with CAPD have normal structural hearing and can often hear sounds that are presented to them individually. However, they may struggle to understand speech in noisy environments, follow complex directions, or distinguish similar sounds from one another.

Central auditory diseases are typically diagnosed through a series of tests that assess different aspects of auditory processing, such as speech recognition in noise, temporal processing, and binaural integration. Treatment for these disorders may include auditory training, assistive listening devices, and environmental modifications to help compensate for the processing difficulties.

Audiology is a branch of science that deals with the study of hearing, balance disorders, and related conditions. It involves the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of hearing and balance problems using various tests, techniques, and devices. Audiologists are healthcare professionals who specialize in this field and provide services such as hearing evaluations, fitting of hearing aids, and counseling for people with hearing loss or tinnitus (ringing in the ears). They also work closely with other medical professionals to manage complex cases and provide rehabilitation services.

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work containing articles on various topics, usually arranged in alphabetical order. In the context of medicine, a medical encyclopedia is a collection of articles that provide information about a wide range of medical topics, including diseases and conditions, treatments, tests, procedures, and anatomy and physiology. Medical encyclopedias may be published in print or electronic formats and are often used as a starting point for researching medical topics. They can provide reliable and accurate information on medical subjects, making them useful resources for healthcare professionals, students, and patients alike. Some well-known examples of medical encyclopedias include the Merck Manual and the Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

The inner ear is the innermost part of the ear that contains the sensory organs for hearing and balance. It consists of a complex system of fluid-filled tubes and sacs called the vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance and spatial orientation, and the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ that converts sound vibrations into electrical signals that are sent to the brain.

The inner ear is located deep within the temporal bone of the skull and is protected by a bony labyrinth. The vestibular system includes the semicircular canals, which detect rotational movements of the head, and the otolith organs (the saccule and utricle), which detect linear acceleration and gravity.

Damage to the inner ear can result in hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vertigo (a spinning sensation), and balance problems.

The auditory threshold is the minimum sound intensity or loudness level that a person can detect 50% of the time, for a given tone frequency. It is typically measured in decibels (dB) and represents the quietest sound that a person can hear. The auditory threshold can be affected by various factors such as age, exposure to noise, and certain medical conditions. Hearing tests, such as pure-tone audiometry, are used to measure an individual's auditory thresholds for different frequencies.

Acoustic stimulation refers to the use of sound waves or vibrations to elicit a response in an individual, typically for the purpose of assessing or treating hearing, balance, or neurological disorders. In a medical context, acoustic stimulation may involve presenting pure tones, speech sounds, or other types of auditory signals through headphones, speakers, or specialized devices such as bone conduction transducers.

The response to acoustic stimulation can be measured using various techniques, including electrophysiological tests like auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) or otoacoustic emissions (OAEs), behavioral observations, or functional imaging methods like fMRI. Acoustic stimulation is also used in therapeutic settings, such as auditory training programs for hearing impairment or vestibular rehabilitation for balance disorders.

It's important to note that acoustic stimulation should be administered under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional to ensure safety and effectiveness.

In the context of medicine, particularly in the field of auscultation (the act of listening to the internal sounds of the body), "sound" refers to the noises produced by the functioning of the heart, lungs, and other organs. These sounds are typically categorized into two types:

1. **Bradyacoustic sounds**: These are low-pitched sounds that are heard when there is a turbulent flow of blood or when two body structures rub against each other. An example would be the heart sound known as "S1," which is produced by the closure of the mitral and tricuspid valves at the beginning of systole (contraction of the heart's ventricles).

2. **High-pitched sounds**: These are sharper, higher-frequency sounds that can provide valuable diagnostic information. An example would be lung sounds, which include breath sounds like those heard during inhalation and exhalation, as well as adventitious sounds like crackles, wheezes, and pleural friction rubs.

It's important to note that these medical "sounds" are not the same as the everyday definition of sound, which refers to the sensation produced by stimulation of the auditory system by vibrations.

Ependymoma is a type of brain or spinal cord tumor that develops from the ependymal cells that line the ventricles (fluid-filled spaces) in the brain, or the central canal of the spinal cord. These tumors can be benign or malignant, and they can cause various symptoms depending on their location and size.

Ependymomas are relatively rare, accounting for about 2-3% of all primary brain and central nervous system tumors. They most commonly occur in children and young adults, but they can also affect older individuals. Treatment typically involves surgical removal of the tumor, followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy, depending on the grade and location of the tumor. The prognosis for ependymomas varies widely, with some patients experiencing long-term survival and others having more aggressive tumors that are difficult to treat.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Information Centers" is not a medical term per se. However, in a broad context, information centers can refer to organized locations that provide specific health-related or medical information to patients, healthcare professionals, or the general public. These can be found in hospitals, clinics, universities, government agencies, and other organizations. They offer access to various resources such as books, pamphlets, databases, and online tools, with the aim of promoting evidence-based practices, enhancing knowledge, and supporting decision-making.

The sacrococcygeal region is the lower part of the back where the spine ends, specifically referring to the area where the sacrum (a triangular bone at the base of the spine formed by the fusion of several vertebrae) meets the coccyx (also known as the tailbone). This region is located at the very bottom of the spine and is susceptible to injury or trauma due to its position and role in supporting the body's weight. It is also a common site for birth defects, particularly in newborns.

Spinal cord neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors within the spinal cord. These can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). They originate from the cells within the spinal cord itself (primary tumors), or they may spread to the spinal cord from other parts of the body (metastatic tumors). Spinal cord neoplasms can cause various symptoms depending on their location and size, including back pain, neurological deficits, and even paralysis. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Internet" is a term that pertains to the global network of interconnected computers and servers that enable the transmission and reception of data via the internet protocol (IP). It is not a medical term and does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer them for you!

A rare disease, also known as an orphan disease, is a health condition that affects fewer than 200,000 people in the United States or fewer than 1 in 2,000 people in Europe. There are over 7,000 rare diseases identified, and many of them are severe, chronic, and often life-threatening. The causes of rare diseases can be genetic, infectious, environmental, or degenerative. Due to their rarity, research on rare diseases is often underfunded, and treatments may not be available or well-studied. Additionally, the diagnosis of rare diseases can be challenging due to a lack of awareness and understanding among healthcare professionals.

"Central Auditory Processing Disorders" as an update to the 1996 "Central Auditory Processing: Current Status of Research and ... In the 1980s and 1990s, there was considerable interest in the role of chronic otitis media (middle ear disease or "glue ear") ... "Assessing central auditory behavior in children A test battery approach". In Keith, Robert W. (ed.). Central auditory ... "Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Central auditory tests". Int. ...
Central auditory processing disorder Inability to differentiate, recognize, or understand sounds; hearing and intelligence are ... Glaucoma Disease related to eyes due to increase in IOP(intraorbicular pressure) Hair cells Sensory cells of the inner ear, ... Brainstem implant Auditory prosthesis that bypasses the cochlea and auditory nerve. This type of implant helps individuals who ... Auditory perception Ability to identify, interpret, and attach meaning to sound. Auditory prosthesis Device that substitutes or ...
With his thesis Brain and Music: A contribution to the investigation of central auditory processing with a new ... psychiatric and neurological disorders and diseases are associated with functional abnormalities of these brain structures. ... Koelsch, Stefan (2000). Brain and Music: A contribution to the investigation of central auditory processing with a new ... Koelsch, Stefan; Schröger, Erich; Tervaniemi, Mari (1999). "Superior pre-attentive auditory processing in musicians". ...
Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Hallucinations, Auditory illusions, Rare diseases, Central ... 2011, there have been suggestions that pontine lesions could alter the central auditory system's function causing hypoacusis ... Berrios concluded that confirmed diagnoses of deafness, ear disease, brain disease, advanced age and drug use are all important ... Many cases highlight female patients who have the disease. Overall, psychiatric disorders and neurological disease lead to ...
Similarly, in Parkinson's disease a loss of auditory function occurs, which is compatible with the loss of cochlear dopamine ... Central nervous system fatigue, or central fatigue, is a form of fatigue that is associated with changes in the synaptic ... In the central nervous system, acetylcholine modulates arousal and temperature regulation. It also may play a role in central ... Central nervous system effects of caffeine and adenosine on fatigue. J. Mark Davis, Zuowei Zhao, Howard S. Stock, Kristen A. ...
The disease used to be classified as a "neurocristopathy", or disease of the neural crest because part of the autonomic nervous ... Long and Allen (1984) were the first to report the abnormal brainstem auditory-evoked responses in an alcoholic woman who ... Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome at eMedicine Windisch W, Hennings E, Storre J, Matthys H, Sorichter S (2004). "Long ... Central hypoventilation syndrome (CHS) is a sleep-related breathing disorder that causes ineffective breathing, apnea, or ...
Brain tumor Brody myopathy Canavan disease Capgras delusion Carpal tunnel syndrome Causalgia Central pain syndrome Central ... disorder predominately inattentive Auditory processing disorder Autism spectrum disorder Back pain Behçet's disease Bell's ... disease Paraneoplastic diseases Paroxysmal attacks Parry-Romberg syndrome Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease Periodic paralyses ... neurological sequelae Lyme disease Machado-Joseph disease Macrencephaly Macrocephalia Macropsia Mal de debarquement ...
Central deafness Damage to the brain can lead to a central deafness. The peripheral ear and the auditory nerve may function ... well but the central connections are damaged by tumour, trauma or other disease and the patient is unable to process speech ... Central auditory processing disorder This is not an actual hearing loss but gives rise to significant difficulties in hearing. ... In conjunction with speech audiometry, it may indicate central auditory processing disorder, or the presence of a schwannoma or ...
... auditory diseases, central MeSH C10.228.140.068.094 - auditory perceptual disorders MeSH C10.228.140.068.432 - hearing loss, ... central MeSH C10.228.140.079 - basal ganglia diseases MeSH C10.228.140.079.127 - basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH ... lewy body disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.862.500 - parkinson disease MeSH C10.228.140.079.862.800 - parkinson disease, secondary ... lewy body disease MeSH C10.228.662.600.400 - parkinson disease MeSH C10.228.662.600.700 - parkinson disease, secondary MeSH ...
VKH may variably also involve the inner ear, with effects on hearing, the skin, and the meninges of the central nervous system ... The eye symptoms may be accompanied by a varying constellation of systemic symptoms, such as auditory (tinnitus, vertigo, and ... Autoimmune diseases, Autoinflammatory syndromes, Eye diseases, Hearing loss, Disturbances of human pigmentation, Rare diseases) ... Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) is a multisystem disease of presumed autoimmune cause that affects melanin-pigmented tissues ...
... auditory diseases, central MeSH C09.218.807.186.094 - auditory perceptual disorders MeSH C09.218.807.186.432 - hearing loss, ... central MeSH C09.218.807.800 - vestibulocochlear nerve diseases MeSH C09.218.807.800.675 - neuroma, acoustic MeSH C09.218. ... cochlear diseases MeSH C09.218.568.217 - endolymphatic hydrops MeSH C09.218.568.217.500 - Ménière's disease MeSH C09.218. ... central MeSH C09.218.458.341.887.460 - hearing loss, noise-induced MeSH C09.218.458.341.887.772 - presbycusis MeSH C09.218. ...
Huntington's disease, and ALS-parkinsonism dementia complex. Also, degeneration of motor neurons in the disease amyotrophic ... EAAT2 is responsible for over 90% of glutamate reuptake within the central nervous system (CNS). The EAAT3-4 subtypes are ... in auditory system, the VGluT3 is involved in fast excitatory glutamatergic transmission very similar to the other two ... dependent glutamate transporter EAAT2 is suspected to be associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease ...
... sclerosis 341 Other demyelinating diseases of central nervous system 341.0 Neuromyelitis optica 341.1 Schilder's disease 341.8 ... unspecified 388.3 Tinnitus 388.4 Other abnormal auditory perception 388.5 Disorders of acoustic nerve 388.6 Otorrhoea 388.7 ... 335 Anterior horn cell disease 335.0 Werdnig-Hoffmann disease 335.1 Spinal muscular atrophy 335.2 Motor neurone disease 335.8 ... Myelopathy in other diseases classified elsewhere 336.8 Other myelopathy 336.9 Unspecified diseases of spinal cord 337 ...
"Clinical Practice Guidelines: Diagnosis, Treatment and Management of Children and Adults with Central Auditory" (PDF). ... Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 10: 1309-15. doi:10.2147/ndt.s64219. PMC 4106969. PMID 25075189. Arie, Miri; Henkin, ... Selective auditory attention or selective hearing is a type of selective attention and involves the auditory system. Selective ... noise from the surrounding environment is heard by the auditory system but only certain parts of the auditory information are ...
Auditory Brainstem Implants, or ABIs, are used when the cochlea or any portion of the cochleovestibular nerve are not ... People with NF2 who develop single central tumours with slow progression after the age of 20 are thought to have the Feiling- ... This would be extremely valuable for the prediction of disease progression and the planning of therapy starting at a young age ... Auditory canal decompression is another surgical technique that can prolong usable hearing when a vestibular schwannoma has ...
They are also associated with neurological conditions or diseases, including dementia, Alzheimer's disease and alcohol- or drug ... Neurological dysfunction and neuropsychiatric abnormalities, in various forms, are now believed to be a central feature in DMSs ... Among comorbid symptoms, paranoid psychotic symptoms, depressive psychotic symptoms and auditory hallucinations are the most ... An example from medical literature is a man who was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. He mistook his wife for his deceased ...
... biology Cochlear implants Surgical therapy for otosclerosis Hair cell regeneration Hearing aids technology Central Auditory ... In 1989 the DRF funded Meniere's Disease Study Center for improved evaluation and better treatments of Ménière's disease. In ... Hearing Health Foundation supports research in the following areas: Fundamental Auditory Research - development, genetics, ... Ménière's disease) Tinnitus (ringing in the ears) Hyperacusis (decreased tolerance of sound) The Hearing Restoration Project ( ...
Monet is a Muslim superhero and has illustrated the struggle of accepting "different" people central to X-Men stories. Monet ... She also displays a highlighted resistance to toxins, diseases, and aging. Additionally, Monet has telescopic and night vision ... complemented by heightened auditory senses. Monet possesses an eidetic memory and demonstrates intuitive skills. An instance ... now located in Central Park, New York. After the X-Men discover that someone's been hunting mutants and draining their powers, ...
... and Demyelinating Disease. Central Nervous System vasculitis may be associated with this condition as well. The syndrome can be ... The first indication of the language problem is usually auditory verbal agnosia. This is demonstrated in patients in multiple ... and demyelinating disease. Central Nervous System vasculitis may be associated with this condition as well. The table below ... Generally, earlier manifestation of the disease correlates with poorer language recovery, and with the appearance of night ...
As with any type of hearing-related disorder, the related physiology is within the ear and central auditory system. With ... any major damage or loss of these hair cells leads to permanent hearing impairment and other hearing-related diseases. Outer ... Auditory fatigue Loudness war Brondel, L.; Cabanac, M. (2007). "Alliesthesia in visual and auditory sensations from ... These vibrations result in an increase in the metabolic demands of the auditory system. During exposure to sound, metabolic ...
Studies have suggested that high doses of quinine have an impact on the central auditory pathway and auditory periphery, which ... Loop diuretics is a major class of diuretic drugs indicated for oedema due to heart failure, liver disease and kidney disease. ... Hopkins, Kathryn (2015), "Deafness in cochlear and auditory nerve disorders", The Human Auditory System - Fundamental ... It has a unique mechanism of action, making it an important agent in treating Hodgkin disease and testicular cancer. This ...
60% have severe motor disability (unable to walk). auditory dysfunction - auditory neuropathy (ANSD) visual/oculomotor ... Severe hemolytic disease of the newborn. Many children who survive exhibit permanent mental impairment or damage to motor areas ... The blood-brain barrier is not fully functional in neonates and therefore bilirubin is able to cross into the central nervous ... ABE is an acute state of elevated bilirubin in the central nervous system. Clinically, it encompasses a wide range of symptoms ...
It damages the cochlea with lesions and degrades central portions of the auditory system. For some ototoxic chemical exposures ... Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease variant 1E (CMT1E) is noted for demyelinating in addition to deafness. Autoimmune disease is ... People with HIV/AIDS may develop hearing problems due to the disease itself, medications they take for the disease, or an ... If the auditory nerve becomes damaged, the affected person will become completely deaf in one or both ears. There is no cure ...
Tumors Multiple Sclerosis Neurodegenerative diseases Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis Moyamoya disease Vasculitis Trauma ... Anatomically, the word operculum is defined as the cortices encompassing the insula, which includes the pre and post-central, ... These areas are responsible for auditory functions for language and speech. FCMS, sometimes called cortical pseudobulbar palsy ... neurodegenerative diseases, and vasculitis. Viral infections, such as Herpes and HIV can also cause FCMS. Moreover, any lesion ...
İşoğlu-Alkaç Ü (2007). "EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS DURING AUDITORY ODDBALL, AND COMBINED AUDITORY ODDBALL-VISUAL PARADIGMS". ... A frontro-central N2 component of ERP is primarily affected by perceptual novelty, whereas only the centro-parietal P3 ... which provide model on genetic relation of psychiatric diseases that represents phenotypes between manifest clinical syndrome ... The classic auditory oddball paradigm can be modified to produce different neural responses and can therefore be used to ...
It may be caused by disease of the sensory cortex or posterior columns. People suffering from Alzheimer's disease show a ... is the ability to perceive and recognize the form of an object in the absence of visual and auditory information, by using ... which continue through the internal capsule to the primary sensory cortex of the post central gyrus where the tract terminates ... 71 Astereognosis is the failure to identify or recognize objects by palpation in the absence of visual or auditory information ...
After the lower Mullerian ducts fuse, a central septum is left behind, and this partition must be eliminated to give rise to a ... The genetic component of the disease classically follows an autosomal dominant pattern, with variable rates of genotypic ... auditory and cardiac abnormalities. The causes of Mullerian anomalies are not well-understood. The aetiology of this congenital ... disease may be multifactorial, with genetics, socioeconomic factors and geographic factors playing a role in dysfunctional ...
Ménière's disease is an inner ear disorder of unknown origin, but is thought to be caused by an increase in the amount of ... Central vertigo may not improve or may do so more slowly than vertigo caused by disturbance to peripheral structures. Alcohol ... In addition, lesions of the internal auditory canal may be associated with facial weakness on the same side. Due to a rapid ... In Ménière's disease there is often ringing in the ears, hearing loss, and the attacks of vertigo last more than twenty minutes ...
It is found in a variety of degenerative neurological conditions including Pick's disease, motor neuron disease, corticobasal ... It has been identified as a "central command" centre that ensures that heart rate and blood pressure increase at the onset of ... Simple auditory illusions and hallucinations were elicited by electrical functional mapping. Progressive expressive aphasia is ... Bamiou DE, Musiek FE, Luxon LM (May 2003). "The insula (Island of Reil) and its role in auditory processing. Literature review ...
The central nucleus of the IC is a nearly obligatory relay in the ascending auditory system, and most likely acts to integrate ... "A PET study of the functional neuroanatomy of writing impairment in Alzheimer's disease. The role of the left supramarginal and ... From the primary auditory cortex emerge two separate pathways: the auditory ventral stream and auditory dorsal stream. The ... The primary auditory cortex is the first region of cerebral cortex to receive auditory input. Perception of sound is associated ...
"Auditory Diseases, Central" by people in this website by year, and whether "Auditory Diseases, Central" was a major or minor ... "Auditory Diseases, Central" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH ( ... Auditory Diseases, Central*Auditory Diseases, Central. *Auditory Disease, Central. *Central Auditory Disease ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Auditory Diseases, Central" by people in Profiles. ...
Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) is a test to measure the brain wave activity that occurs in response to clicks or ... Central pontine myelinolysis. *Neurologic diseases. *Speech disorders. Risks. There are no risks associated with this test. ... Evoked auditory potentials; Brainstem auditory evoked potentials; Evoked response audiometry; Auditory brainstem response; ABR ... Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) is a test to measure the brain wave activity that occurs in response to clicks or ...
Central Vertigo: Identifying the Hidden Cause Recommended. * 20021214270-overviewDiseases & Conditions. Diseases & Conditions ... P300 long-latency auditory EPs have been considered for using in evaluation for Alzheimer disease. In Alzheimer disease, the ... Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials. The brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP), or brainstem auditory evoked response ( ... What is the role of brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) testing in the workup of demyelinating disease? ...
The negative influence of impaired cardiovascular health on both the peripheral and central auditory system and the potential ... Auditory Diseases, Central / diagnosis * Auditory Diseases, Central / etiology* * Auditory Diseases, Central / rehabilitation ... The influence of cardiovascular health on peripheral and central auditory function in adults: a research review Am J Audiol. ... Conclusions: The negative influence of impaired cardiovascular health on both the peripheral and central auditory system and ...
"Central Auditory Processing Disorders" as an update to the 1996 "Central Auditory Processing: Current Status of Research and ... In the 1980s and 1990s, there was considerable interest in the role of chronic otitis media (middle ear disease or "glue ear") ... "Assessing central auditory behavior in children A test battery approach". In Keith, Robert W. (ed.). Central auditory ... "Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Central auditory tests". Int. ...
Katz J. Clinical use of central auditory tests. In J. Katz (Ed). Handbook of Clinical Audio logy. Baltimore, MD: Williams and ... Harada Y. Congenital Minamata Disease. In Minimata Disease, Tsubki T, Irukayama Eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1977, pp. 209-239. ... Willeford J. Dichotic digits: Differential diagnosis of central auditory function in children. In L. Bradford (Ed). Audiology: ... Tsubaki T; Irukayama K. Minamata Disease. Methylmercury Poisoning in Minamata and Niigata, Japan. New York : Elsevier; 1977. ...
Categories: Auditory Diseases, Central Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ...
... central nervous system disease or cerebrovascular disease with sequelae; sedative and anti-depressants, severe alcoholism, or ... drug dependence; auditory or visual disorders; psychiatric disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, developmental or mental ... Kang D W,Lee C U,Lim H K.Role of sleep disturbance in the trajectory of Alzheimers disease.Clin Psycho-pharmacol Neurosci.2017 ... Janoutova J, Sery O, Hosak L, et al.Is Mild Cognitive Impairment a Precursor of Alzheimers Disease?Short Review.Cent Eur J ...
Central nervous system disease can occur during any stage of syphilis. A patient with clinical evidence of neurologic ... Many experts recommend treating patients with evidence of auditory disease caused by syphilis in the same manner as for ... Severe Disease Intravenous (IV) therapy should be provided for patients with severe disease or complications necessitating ... 1993 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines SUGGESTED CITATION: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1993 ...
Central auditory system functions were assessed through frequency patterns and duration patterns testing. Fifty-six percent of ... Data on work history, medical history, present diseases, occupational and non-occupational exposure to noise or chemicals and ... The finding suggests that exposure to organophosphates and pyrethroid products can induce damage to central auditory system. ... The group exposed to insecticides and noise had a relative risk for central disorders of 6.5 (95% CI 2.2-20.0) when compared to ...
Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2019;25(4):830-832. doi:10.3201/eid2504.180710.. APA. Moniot, M., Montava, M., Ranque, S., ... Cross-sectional imaging demonstrates a central skull base osteomyelitis in patients temporal bone. A) T1-weighted imaging; B, ... The patient was admitted, and otoscopic examination found otorrhea, inflammation, and stenosis of the right external auditory ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ...
... s disease: A Review, Massimo Ralli, Antonio Gilardi, Arianna Di Stadio, Cinzia Severini, Antonio Greco, Marco de Vincentiis, ... reported central auditory dysfunction as a prelude of AD performing central auditory processing tests in 274 elderly subjects ... The role of the central auditory processing in AD is still not well understood. Alterations in central auditory processing may ... auditory dysfunction. Central auditory dysfunction should be suspected in subjects that report difficulties in understanding ...
Neurosyphilis Treatment Central nervous system disease can occur during any stage of syphilis. A patient with clinical evidence ... Many experts recommend treating patients with evidence of auditory disease caused by syphilis in the same manner as for ... More than one of these diseases may be present among at least 3%-10% of patients with genital ulcers. Each disease has been ... Syphilitic eye disease is frequently associated with neurosyphilis, and patients with this disease should be treated according ...
Abnormality of The Auditory Canal. Synonym: Auditory Canal Abnormality. Autonomic Bladder Dysfunction. Ependymoma. Headache. ... Neoplasm of the central nervous system Unsteady gait Vomiting Abnormal sacrum morphology Neoplasm of the skin Abnormality of ... Many rare diseases have limited information. Currently GARD aims to provide the following information for this disease:. * ... Symptoms of this disease may start to appear at any time in life.. The age symptoms may begin to appear differs between ...
Hearing the light: neural and perceptual encoding of optogenetic stimulation in the central auditory pathway. Guo W, Hight AE, ... Disease hunters enlarge the enemy to get a better look. New "expansion pathology" technique lets optical microscopes go where ... neural and perceptual encoding of optogenetic stimulation in the central auditory pathway, Scientific Reports 5:10319. ... Superior temporal resolution of Chronos versus channelrhodopsin-2 in an optogenetic model of the auditory brainstem implant. ...
Parkinsons Disease. Older adults are at high risk for developing Parkinsons disease, a central nervous system disorder ... For example, in older adults with Parkinsons disease, the use of rhythmic auditory stimulation with music helps them better ... Longitudinal changes in auditory and reward systems following receptive music-based intervention in older adults. Sci Rep. 2022 ... 8. Wu Z, Kong L, Zhang Q. Research progress of music therapy on gait intervention in patients with Parkinsons disease. Int J ...
Auditory Rehabilitation. *Acoustics and Lateral Skull Base. *Otologic Manifestations of Systemic Disease (Excluding. Autoimmune ... Peripheral and Central Vestibular Disorders. Surgery for. Vestibular Disorders. *Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease ... Malignant Melanoma of the Head and Neck, Cutaneous and Mucosal Disease. *Salivary glands: Physiology, Inflammatory Disorders, ...
The keywords Alzheimers disease, neuroplasticity, auditory and vestibular rehabilitation, auditory and vestibular disorders ... It seems neuroplasticity of the brain is a good treatment for degenerative diseases such as AD, which is possible through ... Recent studies have shown an association between AD and auditory and vestibular function. Hearing loss can cause dementia and ... In this paper, the neural pathology of AD, relation to neuroplasticity, and associations between AD and auditory and vestibular ...
To provide a foundation in the underlying mechanisms of neurological and psychiatric disease. The course takes a theme-oriented ... This course is an introduction to the functional anatomy, electrophysiology, and pharmacology of the central and peripheral ... auditory and autonomic and hormonal regulatory systems, and on the higher integrative functions of the nervous system, ... To provide a toolbox of topical methods and issues relevant to the neurobiology of disease. ...
This article discusses the anatomy of the auditory pathway (see the following images), as well as a few physiologic ... Chapter 47: The physiology of the auditory and vestibular systems. Ballenger JJ, ed. Diseases of the Nose, Throat, Ear, Head ... Auditory brainstem response. The most obvious application on the study of the auditory central nervous system (CNS) involves ... auditory input modification, or training) affect the function of the central auditory system. The evidence of changes in the ...
This article discusses the anatomy of the auditory pathway (see the following images), as well as a few physiologic ... Chapter 47: The physiology of the auditory and vestibular systems. Ballenger JJ, ed. Diseases of the Nose, Throat, Ear, Head ... Auditory brainstem response. The most obvious application on the study of the auditory central nervous system (CNS) involves ... auditory input modification, or training) affect the function of the central auditory system. The evidence of changes in the ...
Benítez-Barrera, C. R., Key, A. P., Ricketts, T. A., & Tharpe, A. M. (2021). Central auditory system responses from children … ... Central Auditory System Responses from Children While Listening to Speech in Noise. ... Central auditory system responses from children while listening to speech in noise. Benítez-Barrera, PhD, C. Central Auditory ... Benítez-Barrera, C. R., Key, A. P., Ricketts, T. A., & Tharpe, A. M. (2021). Central auditory system responses from children ...
... the changes to the central auditory system resemble the changes seen in Alzheimers disease. In this case, our naturopaths ... a hereditary disease known as otosclerosis and Menieres disease. Addressing the source of the damage may revert symptoms like ... Categories Diabetes, Liver Health, Overall Health Tags fatty liver, liver, liver disease, liver health, NAFLD, non-alcoholic ... Thats why it can be referred to as Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease or NAFLD. In fact, fatty liver affects up to 30 percent ...
More in Disease. *Difference Between Central and Peripheral Facial Nerve Palsy. *Difference Between Pemphigus Foliaceus and ... The auditory input and comprehension are also normal in apraxic individuals.. Lesions of the central nervous system (brain and ... Categorized under Disease , Difference between apraxia and dysarthria. Apraxia is characterized by loss of the ability to ... Both are central nervous system disorders and both have the same outcome of error and difficulty in speech. ...
... management of tinnitus and dizziness Neuroplasticity in central auditory tract Pediatric airway diseases Infectious diseases in ... The 3 most reputable Taiwanese physicians in liver transplant were known as "Bo Huang from the North, Long Bin from the Central ... congenital heart disease procedures, mechanical arm assisted heart surgery and heart transplant. Non pulse coronary artery ...
A Boston-based startup developed a non-invasive treatment for Alzheimers disease that slowed Alzheimers disease patients ... The aim is to help the central nervous system clear out specific proteins that can lead to neurological diseases and dementia. ... Acute 40Hz combined visual and auditory stimulation entrains cortical and subcortical regions. Image credit: Chan D, Suk H-J, ... Alzheimers disease is a degenerative brain disease and the most common form of dementia. Dementia is not a specific disease. ...
They are well knowledgable about the disorders related to the middle ear, inner ear, auditory nerve, and central auditory ... Medical experts who specialize in treating and diagnosing various auditory diseases and disorders are known as Audiologists. ... Audiologists at Kamineni Hospitals are equipped with state-of-the-art equipment and facilities to treat auditory challenges ... The speech-language pathology department at Kamineni Hospitals provides comprehensive treatment for the above diseases or ...
Furthermore, fMRI displayed reduced activation of both the primary and secondary visual and auditory areas of the brain, and ... Patients had an average disease duration of 7 years and a mean age of 47. ... "Our study provides new evidence that fibromyalgia patients display altered central processing in response to multisensory ... The finding of reduced cortical activation in the visual and auditory brain areas that were associated with patient pain ...
... of the subjects in any of the experiments had any neurological or psychiatric diseases or medications affecting the central ... Experiment 1 consisted of three tasks, presented in the same order for all subjects during fMRI without auditory stimuli. In ... One of the central research questions has been to what extent the neural mechanisms that process ones own errors overlap with ... post-central gyrus, posterior parietal cortex (PPC), SMG, visual cortex, LG, cuneus, left precuneus, as well as thalamus, ...
Cerebrovascular diseases, such as strokes.. *Immune diseases of the central nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis ... auditory, somatosensory, motor). ... Diseases of the peripheral nervous system, such as ... Abnormal movements e.g. Parkinsons disease. *Neurodegenerative diseases e.g. Alzheimers disease and Amyotrophic Lateral ... Neurology is a discipline which deals with the study and treatment of nervous systems diseases. This system has two major ...
  • Disorders of hearing or auditory perception due to pathological processes of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. (uchicago.edu)
  • It is thought that these difficulties arise from dysfunction in the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American Academy of Audiology notes that APD is diagnosed by difficulties in one or more auditory processes known to reflect the function of the central auditory nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a postoperative central nervous system complication that often occurs hours to days after surgery. (researchsquare.com)
  • This course is an introduction to the functional anatomy, electrophysiology, and pharmacology of the central and peripheral nervous systems. (ohsu.edu)
  • Emphasis is placed on the functional organization and processing of information in the major input and output systems of the brain, including the somatosensory, motor, visual, auditory and autonomic and hormonal regulatory systems, and on the higher integrative functions of the nervous system, including learning, emotion, motor control, and sleep. (ohsu.edu)
  • Both are central nervous system disorders and both have the same outcome of error and difficulty in speech. (differencebetween.net)
  • Dysarthria is disrupted muscular control due to lesions of either the central or the peripheral nervous systems, meaning there will be difficulty in pronunciation of words. (differencebetween.net)
  • Lesions of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) cause spastic dysarthria where there is continued contraction of muscles whereas lesions of the peripheral nervous system cause flaccid dysarthria where there is complete relaxation of muscles. (differencebetween.net)
  • Hence, apraxia is always due to a central nervous system lesion and never peripheral nervous system lesion. (differencebetween.net)
  • The aim is to help the central nervous system clear out specific proteins that can lead to neurological diseases and dementia. (mathworks.com)
  • They are well knowledgable about the disorders related to the middle ear, inner ear, auditory nerve, and central auditory nervous system. (kaminenihospitals.com)
  • The neurology is a medical specialisation dedicated to the nervous system's diseases . (lasource.ch)
  • Neurology is a discipline which deals with the study and treatment of nervous system's diseases . (lasource.ch)
  • This system has two major divisions: the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which deals with the nervous transmission of all modalities (visual, auditory, somatosensory, motor). (lasource.ch)
  • The labyrinth maintains connections with the central nervous system (CNS) and subarachnoid space by way of the internal auditory canal and cochlear aqueduct. (medscape.com)
  • Involvement of central nervous system leading to hearing problems especially associated with interpreting or understanding speech. (dhwanihearing.com)
  • Dr Hyakumura gained further preclinical research experience studying a range of unique neural signals from both the central and peripheral nervous system utilising novel electrode coating materials in collaboration with researchers at University of NSW. (bionicsinstitute.org)
  • Her subsequent postdoctoral research focused on investigating therapeutic strategies to treat Alzheimer's disease and the cellular and molecular changes in the central nervous system during healthy aging, injury, and disease. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Internal medical issues due to thyroid gland abnormalities and central nervous system complications are possible causes, too. (ncraoa.com)
  • In some cases, these tests can help differentiate the effects of chemicals from the effects of noise, since chemicals might affect the more central portions of the auditory system (nerves or nuclei of the central nervous system, the pathways to the brain or in the brain itself). (cdc.gov)
  • Hearing loss can occur after ingestion of certain drugs due to their effects on the peripheral auditory system or central nervous system. (cdc.gov)
  • Fifty-six percent of the exposed workers had hearing dysfunction at the central level and its relative risk was 7.58 for the group with exposure to insecticides (95% CI 2.9- 19.8) when compared to the non-exposed group. (cdc.gov)
  • In this paper, the neural pathology of AD, relation to neuroplasticity, and associations between AD and auditory and vestibular dysfunction have been reviewed. (ac.ir)
  • While the association between Graves' disease and psychosis has been explored, understanding of the specific impact of thyroid dysfunction severity on psychiatric symptom severity is limited. (frontiersin.org)
  • Acute 40Hz combined visual and auditory stimulation entrains cortical and subcortical regions. (mathworks.com)
  • Furthermore, fMRI displayed reduced activation of both the primary and secondary visual and auditory areas of the brain, and increased activation in sensory integration regions. (the-rheumatologist.org)
  • The finding of reduced cortical activation in the visual and auditory brain areas that were associated with patient pain complaints may offer novel targets for neurostimulation treatments in fibromyalgia patients. (the-rheumatologist.org)
  • The peripheral segments of the cochlear and vestibular nerves join at the lateral part of the internal auditory canal (IAC) to form the vestibulocochlear nerve. (medscape.com)
  • The longer central fibers, also called the primary auditory fibers, form the cochlear nerve, and the shorter, peripheral fibers extend to the bases of the inner and outer hair cells. (medscape.com)
  • The longer central processes of the bipolar cochlear neurons unite to form the cochlear nerve trunk. (medscape.com)
  • Dysarthria may be caused by a lesion in the brain (tumour), nerve damage during surgery, neuromuscular diseases (myasthenia gravis, Parkinson's disease) and due to toxic injury by alcohol. (differencebetween.net)
  • Damage lies in the inner ear , auditory nerve or both. (dhwanihearing.com)
  • There may be a problem in the outer or middle ear and in the inner ear or auditory nerve. (dhwanihearing.com)
  • Prior to joining Bionics Institute, she completed her PhD at the University of Melbourne investigating the potential of regenerating the auditory nerve using stem cells. (bionicsinstitute.org)
  • She joined Bionics Institute in 2018, taking part in the study of vagus nerve stimulation for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. (bionicsinstitute.org)
  • Vagus nerve stimulation to treat inflammatory bowel disease: a chronic, preclinical safety study in sheep. (bionicsinstitute.org)
  • All levels of the auditory system contribute to this sensitivity toward certain frequencies, from the outer ear's physical characteristics to the nerves and tracts that convey the nerve impulses of the auditory portion of the brain. (findmeacure.com)
  • The inner ear converts the sound vibrations into electrical impulses that travel along the auditory nerve to the brain. (listenupindia.com)
  • The auditory nerve sends these electrical impulses to the brain where they are heard as sound. (listenupindia.com)
  • Central hearing loss is caused by damage to the auditory nerve or hearing centers. (listenupindia.com)
  • Sound waves are transmitted normally through all three parts of the ear, however, the auditory nerve may not be able to send the electrical impulses to the brain or the hearing centers of the brain may not receive the signals correctly. (listenupindia.com)
  • This means that the drug's side effects are specifically toxic to the ears, especially the auditory nerve or cochlea (inner ear). (ncraoa.com)
  • Now a large and ever increasing number of genetic subtypes has been described, and major advances in molecular and cellular biology have clarified the understanding of the role of different proteins in the physiology of peripheral nerve conduction in health and in disease. (medscape.com)
  • Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) is a test to measure the brain wave activity that occurs in response to clicks or certain tones. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Edward Hight A, Kozin ED, Darrow K, Lehmann A, Boyden E, Brown MC, Lee DJ (2015) Superior Temporal Resolution of Chronos versus Channelrhodopsin-2 in an Optogenetic Model of the Auditory Brainstem Implant, Hearing Research 322:235-241. (mit.edu)
  • In order to examine auditory thresholds and hearing sensitivity during aging in the gray mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus), suggested to represent a model for early primate evolution and Alzheimer research, we applied brainstem-evoked response audiometry (BERA), traditionally used for screening hearing sensitivity in human babies. (edu.au)
  • The present study compared the Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) of children with thalassemia major and typically developing children. (qxmd.com)
  • The Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) was recorded monaurally for click stimuli from both ears. (qxmd.com)
  • other theories suggest changes in the brain structure following reduced peripheral auditory stimulation, or a common cause to both conditions. (tinnitusjournal.com)
  • Guo W, Hight AE, Chen JX, Klapoetke NC, Hancock KE, Shinn-Cunningham BG, Boyden ES, Lee DJ, Polley DB (2015) Hearing the light: neural and perceptual encoding of optogenetic stimulation in the central auditory pathway, Scientific Reports 5:10319. (mit.edu)
  • For example, in older adults with Parkinson's disease, the use of rhythmic auditory stimulation with music helps them better control movements during walking and other motor functions. (todaysgeriatricmedicine.com)
  • Findings published in Arthritis & Rheumatology , a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), suggest that brain abnormalities in response to non-painful sensory stimulation may cause the increased unpleasantness that patients experience in response to daily visual, auditory and tactile stimulation. (the-rheumatologist.org)
  • In previous studies fibromyalgia patients report reduced tolerance to normal sensory (auditory, visual, olfactory, and tactile) stimulation in addition to greater sensitivity to pain. (the-rheumatologist.org)
  • These brain abnormalities mediated the increased unpleasantness to visual, auditory and tactile stimulation that patients reported to experience in daily life. (the-rheumatologist.org)
  • Lead study author, Dr. Marina López-Solà from the Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Colorado Boulder said, "Our study provides new evidence that fibromyalgia patients display altered central processing in response to multisensory stimulation, which are linked to core fibromyalgia symptoms and may be part of the disease pathology. (the-rheumatologist.org)
  • Subject has a history of post-adolescent chronic middle ear infections, inner ear disorders or recurring vertigo requiring treatment, disorders such as mastoiditis, Hydrops or Meniere's syndrome or disease 2. (participaid.co)
  • Meniere disease is an inner ear disorder that causes vertigo, nausea, fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss, and tinnitus. (msdmanuals.com)
  • In Meniere disease, pressure and volume changes in the labyrinthine endolymph affect inner ear function. (msdmanuals.com)
  • In 1923, Jaksch-Wartenhorst described a patient who experienced an 18-month course of progressive degeneration of the peripheral joints, external ears, nasal septum, external auditory canals, inner ear, and epiglottis. (medscape.com)
  • Drugs and other substances that alter hearing or equilibrium by acting primarily at the level of the brain stem or the central auditory pathways are considered to be neurotoxic and not strictly ototoxic (Hawkins 1976). (cdc.gov)
  • The "mouth" of the internal auditory canal (IAC) is called the porus acusticus. (medscape.com)
  • In patients with meningitis, bacteria can spread from the cerebrospinal fluid to the membranous labyrinth by way of the internal auditory canal or cochlear aqueduct. (medscape.com)
  • Auditory processing disorder (APD), rarely known as King-Kopetzky syndrome or auditory disability with normal hearing (ADN), is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting the way the brain processes sounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systematic review mentioned here described this overlap between APD and other behavioral disorders and whether or not it was easy to distinguish those children that solely had auditory processing disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hearing and vestibular evaluation in people with AD can be effective in identifying related problems, so that in cases where the disorder is observed, through the phenomenon of neuroplasticity and the use of auditory and vestibular rehabilitation,therapists can take effective steps in improving the performance and quality of life of these patients. (ac.ir)
  • Otalgia, otorrhea, and inflammatory external auditory canal symptoms were relieved, and the patient recovered after 6 weeks. (cdc.gov)
  • Symptoms of this disease may start to appear at any time in life. (nih.gov)
  • The age symptoms may begin to appear differs between diseases. (nih.gov)
  • The symptoms from some diseases may begin at any age. (nih.gov)
  • The types of symptoms experienced, and their intensity, may vary among people with this disease. (nih.gov)
  • Symptoms related to this disease may affect different systems of the body. (nih.gov)
  • Symptoms of labyrinthitis occur when infectious microorganisms or inflammatory mediators invade the membranous labyrinth and damage the vestibular and auditory end organs. (medscape.com)
  • [ 2 ] Auditory and vestibular symptoms develop in approximately 25% of patients with herpes oticus, in addition to the facial paralysis and vesicular rash that characterize the disease. (medscape.com)
  • [ 5 ] Auditory symptoms, vestibular symptoms, or both may be present in as many as 20% of children with meningitis. (medscape.com)
  • Here, we present a case report of a patient with schizophrenia comorbid with Graves' disease whose psychotic symptoms were impacted by hyperthyroidism. (frontiersin.org)
  • Graves' disease, which is more prevalent in patients with schizophrenia than in healthy individuals ( 3 ), often presents with hyperthyroidism and psychiatric symptoms such as depression, hypomania, and psychosis ( 4 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Although bilateral Meniere disease can occur, bilateral symptoms increase the likelihood of an alternate diagnosis (eg, vestibular migraine). (msdmanuals.com)
  • Typically, a predilection exists for distal limbs as the site of disease onset and more severe symptoms and signs. (medscape.com)
  • Many studies have focused on the relationship between hearing loss and Alzheimer's Disease (AD). (tinnitusjournal.com)
  • Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is an acquired condition characterized by progressive cognitive and behavioural decline and is the second most common form of dementia in the general population after mild cognitive impairment[ 1 ]. (tinnitusjournal.com)
  • As a result of its benefits, music is being studied as a more focused therapy to improve memory and functioning of older adults with Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative conditions and to aid in stroke recovery. (todaysgeriatricmedicine.com)
  • An example of music medicine is a selection of favorite music provided to a patient with Alzheimer's disease to help ease anxiety associated with dementia. (todaysgeriatricmedicine.com)
  • Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia which, in addition to affecting memory, cognition, language, and other functions, also appears to be associated with hearing loss and vestibular function. (ac.ir)
  • London, England: Alzheimer's Disease International. (ac.ir)
  • An auditory computer-based training for mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease -German prototype of the brain fitness program. (ac.ir)
  • Wei EX, Oh ES, Harun A, Ehrenburg M, Xue QL, Simonsick E, Agrawal Y. Increased Prevalence of Vestibular Loss in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease. (ac.ir)
  • A Boston-based startup developed a non-invasive treatment for Alzheimer's disease that slowed Alzheimer's disease patients' cognitive delay by 83% and functional decline by 84% after just six months. (mathworks.com)
  • Cognito Therapeutics' medical device is designed to treat Alzheimer's disease patients. (mathworks.com)
  • Alzheimer's disease is robbing millions of people of their memories and diminishing their cognitive abilities. (mathworks.com)
  • Alzheimer's disease is a degenerative brain disease and the most common form of dementia. (mathworks.com)
  • According to The American Journal of Managed Care , "In 2022, the estimated healthcare costs associated with [Alzheimer's disease] treatment were $321 billion, with costs projected to exceed 1 trillion [dollars] by 2050. (mathworks.com)
  • As the world ages, there is an increased need for treatments for Alzheimer's disease. (mathworks.com)
  • Alzheimer's disease and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. (lasource.ch)
  • Likewise, results provide the empirical basis for future approaches trying to differentiate peripheral from central factors when studying Alzheimer's disease-like pathologies in the aging brain. (edu.au)
  • Alzheimer's disease and dementia. (dhwanihearing.com)
  • The group exposed to insecticides and noise had a relative risk for central disorders of 6.5 (95% CI 2.2-20.0) when compared to the non-exposed group and 9.8 (95% CI 1.4-64.5) when compared to the group exposed only to noise. (cdc.gov)
  • Medical experts who specialize in treating and diagnosing various auditory diseases and disorders are known as Audiologists. (kaminenihospitals.com)
  • The speech-language pathology department at Kamineni Hospitals provides comprehensive treatment for the above diseases or disorders. (kaminenihospitals.com)
  • Along with this, our medical experts also treat diseases such as Articulation disorders, Expressive disorders, Fluency disorders, Receptive disorders, and Resonance disorders. (kaminenihospitals.com)
  • Subject has retrocochlear or central auditory disorders 6. (participaid.co)
  • Parkinson's disease. (lasource.ch)
  • Altered Cerebellar Oscillations in Parkinson's Disease Patients during Cognitive and Motor Tasks, 185-196. (usd.edu)
  • These guidelines for the treatment of patients with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) were developed by staff members of CDC after consultation with a group of invited experts who met in Atlanta on January 19-21, 1993. (cdc.gov)
  • These preliminary findings clearly delineate the importance of further research aimed at investigating hearing impairment in AD, to a) allow early detection of people with predisposition to AD, b) improve the quality of life in AD patients with hearing loss and c) possibly prevent the progression of the disease treating the hearing impairment. (tinnitusjournal.com)
  • CIO Responsible for this publication: National Center for Prevention Services, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV Prevention DISEASES CHARACTERIZED BY GENITAL ULCERS Management of the Patient with Genital Ulcers In the United States, most patients with genital ulcers have genital herpes, syphilis, or chancroid. (cdc.gov)
  • More than one of these diseases may be present among at least 3%-10% of patients with genital ulcers. (cdc.gov)
  • Electrodes placed on the scalp could help patients with brain diseases. (mit.edu)
  • Dementia is a devastating disease for patients and their families. (mathworks.com)
  • This phase three test will focus on patients with mild to moderate disease. (mathworks.com)
  • Patients had an average disease duration of 7 years and a mean age of 47. (the-rheumatologist.org)
  • The Clinique de La Source has a 25-bed outpatient centre that enables patients to benefit from numerous treatments and examinations related to neurological diseases. (lasource.ch)
  • This case highlights the importance of monitoring thyroid function in patients with schizophrenia, particularly those with comorbid Graves' disease. (frontiersin.org)
  • Schizophrenia is commonly associated with auditory hallucinations, but patients may also experience visual hallucinations over the course of their lifetime ( 1 , 2 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • one patient had both auditory and visual hallucinations ( 14 ), and four patients had neither auditory nor visual hallucinations ( 6 - 9 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Patients with central hearing loss typically have inconsistent auditory behavior, that may cause them to be misdiagnosed as having "functional" or psychogenic hearing disturbances. (dhwanihearing.com)
  • The antifetal cartilage antibodies were found in 6 of 9 patients and only 4 (1.5%) of 260 patients with RA, exclusively in long-standing disease. (medscape.com)
  • In the developed nations, and in some developing ones, the prescription of these drugs will trigger "ototoxicity monitoring" of patients to allow early detection of auditory effects and, when necessary, audiologic interventions to address the hearing impairment (AAA 2009). (cdc.gov)
  • As the disease progresses, however, hearing impairment fluctuates but eventually persists and gradually worsens, and tinnitus may be constant, even between attacks. (msdmanuals.com)
  • She has led clinical studies on treatments for sudden sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and Ménière's disease. (nih.gov)
  • 5. Study of cause of disease is called etiology. (brainkart.com)
  • The evidence for an autoimmune etiology includes pathological findings of infiltrating T cells, the presence of antigen-antibody complexes in affected cartilage, cellular and humoral responses against collagen type II and other collagen antigens, and the observation that immunosuppressive regimens most often suppress the disease. (medscape.com)
  • This article discusses the anatomy of the auditory pathway (see the following images), as well as a few physiologic considerations and clinical applications. (medscape.com)
  • Illustration of the auditory reflex pathway. (medscape.com)
  • Some studies report that POCD still exists at three months after surgery, and can progress from chronic disease to long-term cognitive impairment [5].At the same time, POCD has the same pathological manifestations as dementia (Alzheimer Dementia, AD). (researchsquare.com)
  • Dementia is not a specific disease. (mathworks.com)
  • To provide a foundation in the underlying mechanisms of neurological and psychiatric disease. (ohsu.edu)
  • Clinical Demonstrations stress hands-on interactive experience so that graduate students experience first-hand the impact of neurological and psychiatric disease on brain function, and on the social fabric of the patient's life, their families and their community. (ohsu.edu)
  • In a cross-disciplinary effort, we employ this knowledge to understand the biochemical and structural effects of neurological disease or substance abuse. (au.dk)
  • We believe this will ultimately lead to better understanding of neurological diseases and their treatment. (au.dk)
  • Advancing knowledge of human development, developmental disabilities, and neurodegenerative diseases. (wisc.edu)
  • Neurodegenerative diseases e.g. (lasource.ch)
  • Shmma obtained a BSc in Biochemistry from the University of Southampton in 2005 where she also completed her PhD in Neuroscience in 2010, investigating the role of molecular chaperones in chronic neurodegenerative diseases. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Chronic otitis media can result in development of aural polyps that ascends from the tympanic cavity outwards to the external auditory canal, leading to tympanic membrane perforation and hearing loss. (qxmd.com)
  • People who regularly drink above recommended amounts have more to worry about than developing chronic diseases like heart disease , high blood pressure and stroke. (sunoforlife.com)
  • Family History-Wide Association Study ('FamWAS') for Identifying Clinical and Environmental Risk Factors for Common Chronic Diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • Family history is a strong risk factor for many common chronic diseases and summarizes shared environmental and genetic risk, but how this increased risk is mediated is unknown. (cdc.gov)
  • fMRI scans revealed that familiar, well-liked music activated the auditory and reward areas of the medial prefrontal cortex more than did other music. (todaysgeriatricmedicine.com)
  • Heavy drinking damages the central auditory cortex , increasing the amount of time it takes your brain to process sound, studies show. (sunoforlife.com)
  • Late evoked responses are generally used for studying higher cortical functions (eg, P300 in Alzheimer disease). (medscape.com)
  • It seems neuroplasticity of the brain is a good treatment for degenerative diseases such as AD, which is possible through auditory and vestibular rehabilitation. (ac.ir)
  • Viral and bacterial labyrinthitis are sufficiently different to warrant discussing them as separate disease processes. (medscape.com)
  • Bipolar - These neurones have two processes arising from a central cell body - typically one axon and one dendrite. (teachmeanatomy.info)
  • A review of the influence of the cardiovascular system is presented in this article, and a potential new avenue for auditory rehabilitation is postulated. (nih.gov)
  • If that relationship continues to be confirmed, then a potential new avenue for auditory rehabilitation on behalf of adults who possess impaired auditory function may be discovered. (nih.gov)
  • Focus on diagnostic audiological testing, hearing aids and hearing rehabilitation, central auditory processing testing, and hearing conservation. (umass.edu)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • SUGGESTED CITATION: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The research need not be directly on an otological disease but may explore normal functions of the cochlea, labyrinth or central auditory or vestibular systems. (americanotologicalsociety.org)
  • Medical professionals suspect the highly contagious viral disease damages the cochlea, located inside your ear. (sunoforlife.com)
  • Auditory thresholds indicated frequency sensitivity from 800 Hz to almost 50 kHz, covering the species tonal communication range with fundamentals from about 8 to 40 kHz. (edu.au)
  • Cross-sectional imaging demonstrates a central skull base osteomyelitis in patient's temporal bone. (cdc.gov)
  • The patient's auditory and visual hallucinations improved with antipsychotic treatment and decreased thyroid hormone levels. (frontiersin.org)
  • Idiopathic (unexplained) hearing loss 119 SNHL children having cochlear Student t-test was used to determine may be the result of an infectious disease implant surgery, ranging in age from 3 significant differences in means and or an injury [1]. (who.int)
  • The most significant positive relationship between improved cardiovascular health and improvements in those auditory systems has been found among older adults. (nih.gov)
  • We implemented our method on 457 CEQTs for association with family history of diabetes, asthma, and coronary heart disease (CHD) in 42,940 adults spanning 8 waves of the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). (cdc.gov)
  • Auditory temporal acuity improves with age in the male mouse auditory thalamus: a role for perineuronal nets? (southampton.ac.uk)
  • The patient was a 32-year-old Japanese woman who presented with auditory and visual hallucinations, agitation, and pressured speech. (frontiersin.org)
  • Lastly, physiological responses or consequences from traumatic injuries or illnesses can give rise to vestibular disease as well. (ncraoa.com)
  • Auditory Diseases, Central" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (uchicago.edu)
  • Most chemicals that are known to affect the auditory system are also neurotoxic and/or nephrotoxic. (cdc.gov)
  • Hearing conservation should receive attention and resources similar to those allocated for anti-smoking, anti-drug, teen pregnancy, and sexually transmitted disease education programs that are now presented routinely in public schools. (gainesvillehearing.com)
  • Hearing loss can be due to the aging process, exposure to loud noise, certain medications, infections, head or ear trauma, congenital (birth or prenatal) or hereditary factors, diseases, as well as a number of other causes. (gainesvillehearing.com)
  • Receiving continuous NIH funding since beginning her academic career, Dr. Tucci's early work examined the effects of conductive hearing impairment on central auditory system function in an animal model. (nih.gov)
  • Although genetically variable it is a normal concomitant of aging and is distinct from hearing losses caused by noise exposure, toxins or disease agents. (findmeacure.com)
  • This common childhood disease is known for causing painful swelling of the salivary glands on both sides of the face but in extreme cases, it can also cause swelling of the membranes that surround the brain and hearing loss. (sunoforlife.com)
  • Other hearing tests such as word recognition or otoacoustic emission tests examine other auditory functions. (cdc.gov)
  • To provide a toolbox of topical methods and issues relevant to the neurobiology of disease. (ohsu.edu)
  • Clinical trials of new drugs for Alzheimer disease. (ac.ir)
  • We developed a 'Family History-Wide Association Study' (FamWAS) to systematically and comprehensively test Clinical and Environmental Quantitative Traits (CEQTs) for their association with family history of disease. (cdc.gov)
  • The subjects included individuals with at least 1 encounter with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code of 359.21. (cdc.gov)
  • Some theoretical accounts of SLI regard it as the result of auditory processing problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly with developmental dyslexia, researchers continue to explore the hypothesis that reading problems emerge as a downstream consequence of difficulties in rapid auditory processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been found that a higher than expected proportion of individuals diagnosed with SLI and dyslexia on the basis of language and reading tests also perform poorly on tests in which auditory processing skills are tested. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evaluating central auditory processing in veterans using population-appropriate norms, A126. (usd.edu)
  • Research spanning the past 6 decades reviewed for this article has both hypothesized and confirmed the cardiovascular system's effects on the peripheral and central auditory systems. (nih.gov)
  • Mutations in LGI1 cause autosomal-dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features. (uchicago.edu)
  • FamWAS can examine traits not previously studied in association with family history and uncover trait overlap, highlighting a putative shared mechanism by which family history influences disease risk. (cdc.gov)