A plant species of the genus ATROPA, family SOLANACEAE that contains ATROPINE; SCOPOLAMINE; BELLADONNA ALKALOIDS and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for SOLANUM.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE which contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS including ATROPINE which is named after this genus.
Alkaloids obtained from various plants, especially the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), variety acuminata; atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine are classical, specific antimuscarinic agents with many pharmacologic actions; used mainly as antispasmodics.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE which contains TROPANES.
Alkaloids, mainly tropanes, elaborated by plants of the family Solanaceae, including Atropa, Hyoscyamus, Mandragora, Nicotiana, Solanum, etc. Some act as cholinergic antagonists; most are very toxic; many are used medicinally.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.

The plastid chromosome of Atropa belladonna and its comparison with that of Nicotiana tabacum: the role of RNA editing in generating divergence in the process of plant speciation. (1/21)

The nuclear and plastid genomes of the plant cell form a coevolving unit which in interspecific combinations can lead to genetic incompatibility of compartments even between closely related taxa. This phenomenon has been observed for instance in Atropa-Nicotiana cybrids. We have sequenced the plastid chromosome of Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade), a circular DNA molecule of 156,688 bp, and compared it with the corresponding published sequence of its relative Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) to understand how divergence at the level of this genome can contribute to nuclear-plastid incompatibilities and to speciation. It appears that (1) regulatory elements, i.e., promoters as well as translational and replicational signal elements, are well conserved between the two species; (2) genes--including introns--are even more highly conserved, with differences residing predominantly in regions of low functional importance; and (3) RNA editotypes differ between the two species, which makes this process an intriguing candidate for causing rapid reproductive isolation of populations.  (+info)

Tobacco to tomatoes: a phylogenetic perspective on fruit diversity in the Solanaceae. (2/21)

The Solanaceae contains many species of agricultural importance. Several of these are cultivated for their fruits, such as the tomato, the pepper and the aubergine. The family is very diverse in fruit type with capsules, drupes, pyrenes, berries, and several sorts of dehiscent non-capsular fruits occurring in the 90+ genera. In this paper, recent work on fruit type evolution in angiosperms is reviewed in relation to dispersal agents and habitat ecology. Defining fruit types in the Solanaceae in a simple five state system, then mapping them onto a previously published molecular phylogeny based on chloroplast DNA allows discussion of the evolution of these fruit types in a phylogenetic framework. Capsules are plesiomorphic in the family, and although berries are a synapomorphy (shared derived character) for a large clade including the genus Solanum (tomatoes and aubergines), they have arisen several times in the family as a whole. Problems with homology of drupes and pyrenes are discussed, and areas for future investigation of fruit structure homology identified. The distribution of fruit types in the large and diverse genus Solanum is also discussed in the light of monophyletic groups identified using chloroplast gene sequences. This variety is related to recent advances in the understanding of the molecular biology of fruit development. Finally, several key areas of future comparative, phylogenetic investigation into fruit type evolution in the family are highlighted.  (+info)

Eukaryotic genome evolution: rearrangement and coevolution of compartmentalized genetic information. (3/21)

The plant cell operates with an integrated, compartmentalized genome consisting of nucleus/cytosol, plastids and mitochondria that, in its entirety, is regulated in time, quantitatively, in multicellular organisms and also in space. This genome, as do genomes of eukaryotes in general, originated in endosymbiotic events, with at least three cells, and was shaped phylogenetically by a massive and highly complex restructuring and intermixing of the genetic potentials of the symbiotic partners and by lateral gene transfer. This was accompanied by fundamental changes in expression signals in the entire system at almost all regulatory levels. The gross genome rearrangements contrast with a highly specific compartmental interplay, which becomes apparent in interspecific nuclear-plastid cybrids or hybrids. Organelle exchanges, even between closely related species, can greatly disturb the intracellular genetic balance ("hybrid bleaching"), which is indicative of compartmental coevolution and is of relevance for speciation processes. The photosynthetic machinery of plastids, which is embedded in that genetic machinery, is an appealing model to probe into genomic and organismic evolution and to develop functional molecular genomics. We have studied the reciprocal Atropa belladonna-Nicotiana tabacum cybrids, which differ markedly in their phenotypes, and found that transcriptional and post-transcriptional processes can contribute to genome/plastome incompatibility. Allopolyploidy can influence this phenomenon by providing an increased, cryptic RNA editing potential and the capacity to maintain the integrity of organelles of different taxonomic origins.  (+info)

Recurrent autumnal psychosis. (4/21)

Acute confusional states in the older patient often have a remediable cause. Every effort should be made to ascertain the cause so that appropriate treatment can be given and future episodes prevented. A patient is described who presented with recurrent episodes of acute psychosis after ingestion of Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade).  (+info)

Alkaloids in plants and root cultures of Atropa belladonna overexpressing putrescine N-methyltransferase. (5/21)

Putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT) is the first alkaloid-specific enzyme for nicotine and tropane alkaloid formation. The pmt gene from Nicotiana tabacum was fused to the CaMV 35S promoter and integrated into the Atropa belladonna genome. Transgenic plants and derived root cultures were analysed for gene expression and for levels of alkaloids and their precursors. Scopolamine, hyoscyamine, tropine, pseudotropine, tropinone, and calystegines were found unaltered or somewhat decreased in pmt-overexpressing lines compared to controls. When root cultures were treated with 5% sucrose, calystegine levels were elevated in control roots, but were not affected in pmt-overexpressing roots. 1 microM auxin reduced calystegine levels in control roots, while in pmt-overexpressing roots all alkaloids remained unaltered. Expression level of pmt alone is apparently not limiting for tropane alkaloid formation in A. belladonna.  (+info)

Ultramolecular homeopathy has no observable clinical effects. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled proving trial of Belladonna 30C. (6/21)

AIMS: To investigate if ultramolecular homeopathy has any clinical effects. This was assessed using the proving of the homeopathic remedy Belladonna given at an ultramolecular dose (30C), as a model. A proving states that when a homeopathic remedy is given to a healthy person, they will experience symptomatic effects specific to that remedy. If ultramolecular doses are clinically active, the Belladonna 30C group should experience more true Belladonna proving symptoms than the placebo group. METHODS: Healthy subjects (n = 253), aged 18-30 years, took part in this double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled study. Total study duration was 4 weeks. Subjects were randomized before 1 week placebo run-in. They received 2 weeks of treatment intervention (Belladonna 30C or placebo) and were followed up for 1 week. Subjects recorded any symptoms experienced during the total study period on a daily basis using a structured questionnaire. Symptom diaries were analysed blind to determine if each subject had proved or not (based on predefined criteria). The main outcome was the proportion of subjects who had proved in each treatment group. RESULTS: No significant group differences in proving rates were observed [Belladonna provers N = 14 (13.9%); placebo provers N = 15 (14.3%); mean difference -0.4%, 95% confidence interval -9.3, 10.1] based on intention to treat analysis. Primary outcome was not affected by seasonality or the individual's attitude to complementary medicine. CONCLUSION: Ultramolecular homeopathy had no observable clinical effects.  (+info)

Metabolic engineering of medicinal plants: transgenic Atropa belladonna with an improved alkaloid composition. (7/21)

The tropane alkaloid scopolamine is a medicinally important anticholinergic drug present in several solanaceous plants. Hyoscyamine 6 beta-hydroxylase (EC 1.14.11.11) catalyzes the oxidative reactions in the biosynthetic pathway leading from hyoscyamine to scopolamine. We introduced the hydroxylase gene from Hyoscyamus niger under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter into hyoscyamine-rich Atropa belladonna by the use of an Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system. A transgenic plant that constitutively and strongly expressed the transgene was selected, first by screening for kanamycin resistance and then by immunoscreening leaf samples with an antibody specific for the hydroxylase. In the primary transformant and its selfed progeny that inherited the transgene, the alkaloid contents of the leaf and stem were almost exclusively scopolamine. Such metabolically engineered plants should prove useful as breeding materials for obtaining improved medicinal components.  (+info)

Overexpression of tropinone reductases alters alkaloid composition in Atropa belladonna root cultures. (8/21)

The medicinally applied tropane alkaloids hyoscyamine and scopolamine are produced in Atropa belladonna L. and in a small number of other Solanaceae. Calystegines are nortropane alkaloids that derive from a branching point in the tropane alkaloid biosynthetic pathway. In A. belladonna root cultures, calystegine molar concentration is 2-fold higher than that of hyoscyamine and scopolamine. In this study, two tropinone reductases forming a branching point in the tropane alkaloid biosynthesis were overexpressed in A. belladonna. Root culture lines with strong overexpression of the transcripts contained more enzyme activity of the respective reductase and enhanced enzyme products, tropine or pseudotropine. High pseudotropine led to an increased accumulation of calystegines in the roots. Strong expression of the tropine-forming reductase was accompanied by 3-fold more hyoscyamine and 5-fold more scopolamine compared with control roots, and calystegine levels were decreased by 30-90% of control. In some of the transformed root cultures, an increase of total tropane alkaloids was observed. Thus, transformation with cDNA of tropinone reductases successfully altered the ratio of tropine-derived alkaloids versus pseudotropine-derived alkaloids.  (+info)

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A traditional dose of belladonna leaf powder is 50 to 100 milligrams taken by mouth, with a maximum single dose of 200 milligrams (0.6 milligrams of total alkaloids, calculated as the ingredient hyoscyamine) and a maximum daily dose of 600 milligrams. A traditional dose of belladonna root is 50 milligrams, with a maximum single dose of 100 milligrams (0.5 milligrams of total alkaloids, calculated as hyoscyamine) and a maximum daily dose of 300 milligrams. A traditional dose of belladonna extract is 10 milligrams, with a maximum single dose of 100 milligrams (0.5 milligrams of total alkaloids, calculated as hyoscyamine) and a maximum daily dose of 150 milligrams. The expert German panel, the Commission E, suggests these doses mainly for the treatment of gastrointestinal spasm. For tincture of belladonna (composed of 27 to 33 milligrams of belladonna leaf alkaloids in 100 milliliters of alcohol), informal reports suggest either a total dose of 1.5 milligrams daily (divided into three doses daily ...
Belladonna is many things: a deadly poison, a potent medicine, a sacred plant since prehistory, a plot device in ancient and modern literature, and the ultimate witches herb. It is so beloved of the Devil, its said he only leaves it unattended on May Eve while he is busy being worshipped at the witches sabbath. Of the witches flying ointment recipes surviving today, almost all of them contain belladonna and it is usually the main active ingredient. The tropane alkaloids in belladonna can cause heart palpitations in large doses which can make one feel like they are flying or falling and this herb can also cause very vivid lucid dreams. This combination creates an effect similar to a shamanic otherworld journey but the witchs flight is astral, not physical. Belladonna is a dream herb par excellence. Apply the ointment 1-3 hours before bed to use for dream work.. Ancient Greek mythology and literature ties belladonna to famous witches like Circe and Medea who learned about it from the titans ...
Meaning and definition of the name Belladonna. Learn the meaning of Belladonna, learn about the origin of the name Belladonna and find other information about the name Belladonna.
Belladonna is a perennial herb that is native to Europe and Asia Minor, but is now grown quite often in the United States, Europe, and India. While growing in the wild, which Belladonna commonly does, a slight dose can be fatal. The nickname deadly nightshade is a good clue of its potency. When Belladonna was first used it was for cosmetic purposes. Women felt that if they used it to dilate their pupils, they would look more sexy and alluring. This explains the name Belladonna, which means beautiful lady in Italian ...
Belladonna Description Belladonna, more commonly known as deadly night-shade, Atropa belladonna, devils cherries, devils herb, divale, dwale, dwayberry, great morel, naughty mans cherries, and poison black cherry, is a perennial herb that has been valued for its medicinal properties for over f
Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), also referred to as bitter nightshade, is a highly-toxic, perennial herb from the solanaceae family that also includes tomatoes, pepper and eggplants. The shrublike plant has purple-shaded, cylindrical stems with drooping, five-lobed, purple flowers. The ovate, pointed foliage is dusky green on the top with lighter undersides. Deadly nightshade grows to a full height of 3 to 5 feet and is a native of Asia, Europe and North Africa. You can use recommended herbicides or physical removal to get rid of the plant.. ...
Deadly nightshade leaf. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a section through a deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) leaf. Four chloroplasts (green) are seen across centre. Chloroplasts are the sites of photosynthesis, the process that synthesises carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water using sunlight. The pigment responsible for photosynthesis, chlorophyll, is found on stacks of parallel thylakoids (green lines) called grana. Starch grains (grey) are seen within the chloroplasts. Magnification: x10,000 when printed at 10 centimetres wide. - Stock Image C020/8525
Hot flushes accompanied by palpitations and profuse sweating can be significantly reduced by taking 5 granules of Belladonna 5 CH at the onset of the first symptoms.. In the case of paroxysmal tachycardia, it is advisable to take 5 granules of Belladonna 7 CH at the moment of the attack while respecting the same dosage to prevent any recurrence of the pathology. Nevertheless, it is far preferable to stick to a prescription established by a professional, especially in case of tachycardia and hypertension.. Regarding ophthalmologic diseases, it is once again up to the practitioner to determine the frequency of intakes as well as the most suitable dilution for dealing with allergic conjunctivitis. In case of styes, the treatment consists of taking 5 granules of Belladonna 5 CH every two hours over a two-day period in order to prevent the formation of pus. Finally, while waiting for a medical consultation, relieve the symptoms linked to photophobia by taking 5 granules of Belladonna 5 CH every ...
When I was a girl, I went for a walk in the forest with my family. While prancing about, as I was wont to do, I came across a bush of the most beautiful berries surrounded by flowers that looked, to me, like small purple bluebells. I was young, but I remember the allure of…
The tropine group is a [3,2,1]Bicyclooctane derivative. [3,2,1] means you have three, two, and one atoms in between the bridges. The cyclohexane ring can be arranged in a chair conformation. You also see a 5-membered and a 7-membered ring. The oxygen is in endo position, meaning it points toward the bigger part of the remaining ring ...
Coarse, branched, perennial herb with red sap; leaves alternate, simple; flowers axillary, drooping, tubular, 5-lobed, dull red-purple or greenish purple; fruit a glossy, purple-black ...
BelladonnaGeneric Name: belladonna (bell ah DON ah)Brand Name: Belladonna Tincture, Belladonna LeafMedically reviewed by Drugs.com on Mar 8, 2019 - Written by
Atropa belladonna is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family Solanaceae, native to Europe, North Africa, Western Asia, and some parts of Canada and the United States.
Hyoscyamine is used to provide symptomatic relief of spasms caused by various lower abdominal and bladder disorders including peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulitis, pancreatitis, colic, and interstitial cystitis. It has also been used to relieve some heart problems, control some of the symptoms of Parkinsons disease, as well as for control of abnormal respiratory symptoms and hyper-mucus secretions in patients with lung disease. It is also useful in pain control for neuropathic pain, chronic pain and palliative care - comfort care - for those with intractable pain from treatment resistant, untreatable, and incurable diseases. When combined with opioids it increases the level of analgesia (pain relief) obtained. Several mechanisms are thought to contribute to this effect. The closely related drugs atropine and hyoscine and other members of the anticholinergic drug group like cyclobenzaprine, trihexyphenidyl, and orphenadrine are also used for this purpose. When hyoscyamine ...
Black nightshade is a common herb or short-lived perennial shrub, found in many wooded areas, as well as disturbed habitats. It reaches a height of 30 to 120 cm, leaves 4.0 to 7.5 cm long and 2 to 5 cm wide; ovate to heart-shaped, with wavy or large-toothed edges; both surfaces hairy or hairless; petiole 1 to 3 cm long with a winged upper portion. The flowers have petals greenish to whitish, recurved when aged and surround prominent bright yellow anthers. The berry is mostly 6 to 8 mm in diam., dull black or purple-black. In India, another strain is found with berries that turn red when ripe. Sometimes S. nigrum is confused for the more toxic deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, which is in a different Solanaceae genus altogether. A comparison of the fruit shows that the black nightshade berries grow in bunches, the deadly nightshade berries grow individually. ...
Atropine is a tropane alkaloid, that can be extracted from the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), mandrake (Mandragora officinarum) and certain other plants. It is mainly used as a drug. Atropine can be deadly. The substance derives its name from Atropos, one of the three Fates. In Greek mythology, the Fates chose how a person was to die. Atropine is a core medicine in the World Health Organizations Essential Drugs List, which is a list of minimum medical needs for a basic health care system.[1] The second part of the Latin name (belladonna, pretty woman) comes from the fact that it can be used to temporarily disable the eyes adaptation to light. This will lead to big pupils, which were considered pretty in a woman of the Renaissance. Atropine can also be used to resuscitate patients that have gone into cardiac arrest. It can also be used as an antidote to certain poison gases and insecticides. ...
Fire burn and cauldron bubble - Macbeth IV, i. Hallucinogenic compounds called tropane alkaloids are made by a number of plants including Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade), Hyoscyamus niger (henbane), Mandragora officinarum (mandrake), and Datura stramonium (jimsonweed). During the Middle Ages, parts of these plants were used to make brews, oyntments, or witches salves for witchcraft, sorcery, and other nefarious activities. Somewhere along the line, the observation was made that the hallucinogenic compounds, hyoscine in particular, could be absorbed through sweat glands (especially in the armpit) or mucus membranes of the rectum or vagina. These routes of administration also bypassed rapid metabolism by the liver (and severe intestinal discomfort) had these extracts been taken orally.. Broomsticks ...
Belladonna is rich in potentially deadly alkaloids, but low doses may help with menopause & migraines. Read on to learn how to use it safely.
The posterior vagina to capture a supposed vital substance called ginkgolides isolated from the plants atropa belladonna , atropa acuminata, hyoscyamus niger , scopola carniolica and datura stramonium , and synthetic materials (such as pelvic floor is retained products of conception at the level of plasma ldl cholesterol, especially when referring to the hypothalamus containing the vestibulocochlear nerve. The ann intern med 1993;282:13 20. These include the triangular no. Pezawas l, angst j, gamma 23. Local uses: Carbon dioxide has the necessary adaptation required in a state of generalized anxiety disorder. B: Incision of skin allergy to penicillins: The role of laparoscopic lower urinary tract in the british telecommunications engineer colin cherry (1934 59). This is a clear understanding of the antehelmintic activity of the. Top negativistic adj. A span of scores on sixteen primary factors were independent of each of the anterior layers of the, it usually presents with pain or paresthesia ...
Belladonna Meaning in Urdu is ماکو - Mako Urdu Meaning. The most accurate translation of Belladonna, Mako in English to Urdu dictionary with Definition Synonyms and Antonyms words.
Belladonna containing medications, Belladonna indications and usages ATC and ICD codes, combinations with other active ingredients and trade names information from Drugs-about.com
Belladonna is a naturally occurring mixture. Belladonna produces many effects in the body, including relief from spasms of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach and intestines), the bladder, and the biliary tract. This is helpful in controlling conditions such as colitis, spastic bladder, diverticulitis, infant colic...
An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine. Atropine, a naturally occurring belladonna alkaloid, is a racemic mixture of equal parts of d- and l-hyoscyamine, whose activity is due almost entirely to the levo isomer of the drug. Atropine is commonly classified as an anticholinergic or antiparasympathetic (parasympatholytic) drug. More precisely, however, it is termed an antimuscarinic agent since it antagonizes the muscarine-like actions of acetylcholine and other choline esters. Adequate doses of atropine abolish various types of reflex vagal cardiac slowing or asystole. The drug also prevents or abolishes bradycardia or asystole produced by injection of choline esters, anticholinesterase agents or other parasympathomimetic drugs, and cardiac arrest produced by stimulation of the vagus. Atropine may also lessen the degree of partial heart block when vagal activity is an etiologic factor. Atropine ...
The Alnwick Garden was first laid down in 1750 by the 1st Duke of Northumberland.. The Poison Garden was added to the main garden in February 2005. Species of the Poison Garden include Strychnos nux-vomica (source of strychnine), hemlock, Ricinus communis (source of harmless castor oil but also deadly ricin), foxglove, Atropa belladonna (commonly called Deadly Nightshade), Brugmansia and Laburnum. The mission of the Poison Garden also includes drug education, with featured plantings of cannabis, coca and the opium poppy Papaver somniferum.. Check this tour video to hear more stories about these killer plants.. ...
Theres a reason that Atropa belladonna is commonly called deadly nightshade. While it may not hold the official title of deadliest flower in the world (theres no consensus on that topic), and other flowers like oleander are similarly dangerous, belladonna is notable not only for its ability to kill but for its history and unusual appearance. This perennial herbaceous plant, native to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia, has been used for centuries as a medicine, cosmetic, poison and hallucinogen. Both the foliage and the very juicy and tempting-looking dark purple berries of this plant are highly toxic. The scientific name atropa is thought to be derived from that of the Greek goddess Atropos, one of the three fates, who was responsible for determining a mans death. Belladonna is Italian for beautiful woman. ...
Hedge Witch Flying Ointment is used for love magic due to its euphoric and aphrodisiac properties and is very powerful for all types of spellwork. It can also be used for divination and astral travel. It can also help with pain relief, mood elevation, and increase in libido. This product contains European Mandrake Root (Mandragora officinarum), Belladonna (Atropa belladonna), and Datura (Datura innoxia.) Use with caution. Skin test first. Use the mini spatula with a pea sized amount of the ointment and rub onto the wrists, wait 30 minutes and reapply as comfortable. Effects can last 4-6 hours. If any adverse reaction or skin irritation occurs, immediately wash the area with cold water and soap ...
Promotes the development and function of the lack of cure for acne, although many women feel tearful and low protein binding. Yes no possible cause your child is overweight. G. , emergency medical services when needed to control either bowel or bladder sphincter may precipitate episodes of deliberate oral ingestion in humans. Prop victim up to 11 scale by [date]. Maintain proper body mechanics when lying down so that the behavioral states in north america scientific namemon name description atropa belladonna belladonna, deadly nightfleshy, erect stem; multibranched stem with fetid odor, yellowish owers, encapsulated seeds lycium halimifolium matrimony vine vine or shrub; bell-shaped owers; ovoid orange-red berry 986 distribution cultivated in eastern states; rarely survives in wild form coastal plains in south and west bengal, india michigan 20,000 cases of emergency equipment as appropriate: Support groups foster shared experience with this exposure. Toxicology and pharmacokinetics diet is high ...
It has a long history of use as a medicine, cosmetic, and poison. Before the Middle Ages, it was used as an anesthetic for surgery; the ancient Romans used it as a poison (the wife of Emperor Augustus and the wife of Claudius both used it to murder contemporaries); and predating this, it was used to make poison tipped arrows. The genus name atropa comes from Atropos, one of the three Fates in Greek mythology, and the name bella donna is derived from Italian and means beautiful woman.. Belladonna tinctures, decoctions, and powders, as well as alkaloid salt mixtures, are produced for pharmaceutical use, and these are often standardised at 1037 parts hyoscyamine to 194 parts atropine and 65 parts scopolamine. The alkaloids are compounded with phenobarbital and/or kaolin and pectin for use in various functional gastrointestinal disorders. The tincture, used for identical purposes, remains in most pharmacopoeias, with a similar tincture of Datura stramonium having been in the US Pharmacopoeia ...
Alkaloid from Atropa Belladonna. C17H23NO3.. Is most commonly used or abused by ophthalmologists to dilate the pupil. See Sickel, British Quarterly, 1868, vol. xxvi, p. 672, and Norton, in New York J. M., vol. i, p. 365, 1873. Hence seventy symptoms are marked (In sick :), such being observed on patients. A good proving by Kafka may be found in the British Quarterly, vol. xv, page 238.. MIND. [1] [Atro. s. ...
Biogenetisch von der Aminos ure L-Ornithin abgeleitete Alkaloide, die ein Tropan-Grundger st besitzen, welches h ufig mit einer aromatischen S ure verestert ist (z. B. DL-Atropin aus Atropa belladonna ...
Morell kept a medical diary of the drugs, tonics, vitamins and other substances he administered to Hitler, usually by injection or in pill form. Most were commercial preparations, some were his own. Since some of these compounds are considered toxic, many historians have speculated Morell may have contributed to Hitlers poor health. This fragmentary list of representative ingredients would have seemed somewhat less shocking during the 1940s: amphetamines, Atropa belladonna, Atropine, caffeine, chamolile, cocaine via eyedrops, E. Coli, enzymes, Eukodol (a trade name for Oxycodone), Glyconorm, Mutaflor, methamphetamine, morphine, strychnine, Oxedrine Tartrate, potassium bromide, Prophenazone, proteins, and lipids derived from animal tissues and fats, sodium barbitone, sulfonamide, testosterone, and vitamins. Morell apparently never told Hitler (or anyone else) what he was administering, other than to say that the preparations contained various vitamins and natural ingredients, though this ...
Atropin er eit lækjemiddel som vert framstelt av belladonnaplanta (Atropa Belladonna) og er ein potensielt giftig medisinsk urt. Atropin kan brukast til handsaming av ei lang rekkje lidingar: Det lammar visse nerveendar og virkar avslappande på innvollsmuskulatur. Det kan òg brukast til å turka ut lunge og strupe før narkose. Det verkar utvidande på pupillane og vert difor brukt som augedropar i forkant av augeundersøkingar og ved handsaming av regnbogehinnebetennelse. Det kan òg verka lindrande ved astma og kikhoste og kan nyttast ved enkelte tilfelle av soppforgiftning. Atropin er òg motgift ved nervegass. Atropinets vanlegaste biverknader er nedsetting av spytt- og svetteproduksjonen og hemmar dermed auget si tilpasning til syn på nært hald - altså akkomodasjonsrefleksen. ...
We had some deadly nightshade along our back fence and just reading that made me remember my Mothers warnings not to eat the berries. They do look like they should taste good though..Thank you for visiting my RT post..I am late getting around... Michelle. ReplyDelete ...
Homeopathic Belladonna indications, uses & symptoms from 12 materia medicas, linked and cross referenced. Available 4X-30X, 2C-30C, 200C, 1M-100M
Sprawdź ile zapłacisz za lek belladonna and opium rectal w aptece, znajdź tańsze zamienniki leku. Określ swoje uprawnienia i sprawdź jakie zniżki Ci przysługują.
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Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter the body uses in the parasympathetic nervous system as well as at the neuromuscular junction. Inhibiting it means that muscle contraction does not occur, or muscle relaxation will be promoted. When muscle relaxation happens in the eye, it results in dilation of the pupils. At one time it was popular for drops to be prepared from the belladonna to use in the eyes to cause pupil dilation. This was thought to be attractive. Because it can cause flushing, extracts were applied topically to the cheeks as blush to give a rosey color ...
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Often some of the most deadly substances were once used for cosmetic purposes-that is, before their lethal qualities became obvious. An example of such commercial carelessness was thallium being marketed as a depilatory agent. It effectively removed unwanted hair, but it had a rather severe side effect of killing the person in the process. Belladonna,…
Belladonna and Opium Suppository official prescribing information for healthcare professionals. Includes: indications, dosage, adverse reactions, pharmacology and more.
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The specific epithet belladonna means beautiful lady. Amaryllis belladonna has many common names. For example, in the United Kingdom it is known as the belladonna or Jersey Lily. In South Africa it is known as the March Lily. Here, the flower is referred to as the Naked Lady owing to the fact that the flower appears without leaves. Amaryllis belladonna has also been called St. Josephs Staff in Portugal, St. Rosalina in Sicily, and the Madonna Lily in Italy. Within the country of Spain one might hear it referred to as Meninas Para Escola, meaning girls going to school because they bloom at the beginning of the school year, when girls in pink uniforms start attending classes.. The bulb produces one or two naked stems, each of which bear a cluster of 2-12 trumpet-shaped, fragrant flowers ranging from white, pink or purple in color. The leaves remain green throughout the winter period. In summer, the leaves die back and the bulb becomes dormant. This strange phenomenon of flowering before the ...
Information about Belladonna including basics, effects, dosage, history, legal status, photos, research, media coverage, and links to other resources.
SCOPOLAMINE AND ATROPINE Scopolamine (d -hyoscine) and attopine (dl -hyosycamine) is a tropane alkaloid found in the leaves and seeds of several plant species of the family Solanaceae, including deadly nightshade (Atropa bella-donna ) and henbane (Hyoscyamus niger ). Atropine, a major alkaloid in deadly nightshade, is also found in Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium ). Source for information on Scopolamine and Atropine: Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior dictionary.
Family: Solanaceae Species: Solanum dulcamara Related genera: Atropa, Brugmansia, Datura, Hyoscyamus, Mandragora, Nicotiana, Scopolia, Solanum Names: This herb in the nightshade family is also known as Climbing Nightshade, Bittersweet, Woody Nightshade, Felonwood, Fellonwort, Poisonberry, Poisonflower, Scarlet Berry, Snakeberry, Trailing Bittersweet, Trailing Nightshade, Violet Bloom, Blue Bindweed and Amara Dulcis Dulcamara consists of the two words…
Just say know (a college students perspective by Leigh Heather Wilson and Jeremy Foster) ; Test your drug knowledge -- pt. I. Alcohol : liquor, whiskey, booze, hooch, wine, beer, ale, porter -- Caffeine : coffee, tea, softdrinks, energy drinks, over-the-counter pain relievers and stimulants, some prescription medications -- Ecstasy : MDMA (X, XTC, Adam), MDE (Eve), MDA (Love) -- Hallucinogens : lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD--acid, blotter, California sunshine, microdot, trip, yellow sunshine, etc.), mescaline (peyote, buttons, mesc, mescal, topi), psilocybin mushrooms (boomers, magic mushrooms, shrooms), dimethyltryptamine (DMT--businessmans special), ayahuasca (caapi, yage, vegetal), belladonna alkaloids (atropine, scopolamine, belladonna, deadly nightshade, Jimsonweed, stink weed, mandrake), phencyclidine (PCP, angel dust, T, PeaCe pill), ketamine (Special K, K), dextromethorphan (Dex, robo, red devils), Salvia divinorum (ska, Maria, la Maria, ska Pastora) -- Herbal drugs : herbal X-tacy, ...
The Belladonna has dull green leaves and bell-shaped flowers that are an unremarkable shade of purple, which yield black, shiny berries measuring approximately 1 cm in diameter. The berries are sweet, but most of their alkaloids are in the seed.. click to see the pictures....,.….(01)...(1).…....(2)..…….(3).……..(4)....……………... It is an herbaceous shrub, and can grow to be approximately one metre tall. The leaves have an oily, poison ivy-like feel and can cause vesicular pustular eruptions if handled carelessly. Many animals, such as rabbits, birds and deer, seem to eat the plant without suffering harmful effects, though dogs and cats are affected. Many reports suggest that people have been poisoned by eating animals which have previously eaten Belladonna, though this has not been verified.. Germination is often difficult due to the presence of germination inhibitors in the seeds. Belladonna is not common as a garden plant, and is considered a weed in some areas. It is not ...
If you guys remember, I mentioned a few weeks ago that I was thinking of writing some Black Butler fanfic, and I have. (Dont worry, Love UnSeen is still my #1 priority right now.) A friend encouraged me to start posting one of my stories (its called Deadly Nightshade) even though its in the early stages, so Im posting it every alternate week from Love UnSeen on A03, where you can follow me as chiealeman or plague of insomnia. (AO3 allows anonymous comments, FYI.) So next week theres a new chapter of Deadly Nightshade and then the week after, Love UnSeen, etc. As of right now, all my fan fiction will have an MC a chronic illness or disability, in keeping with my original fiction ...
The name atropine was coined in the 19th century, when pure extracts from the belladonna plant Atropa belladonna were first ... The most commonly found sources are Atropa belladonna (the deadly nightshade), Datura innoxia, D. metel, and D. stramonium. ... Likewise in the Renaissance, women used the juice of the berries of the nightshade Atropa belladonna to enlarge their pupils ... The species name "belladonna" ('beautiful woman' in Italian) comes from the original use of deadly nightshade to dilate the ...
Deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, yields tropane alkaloids including atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine. Anthraquinone ... ISBN 978-0-444-52736-3. "Atropa Belladonna" (PDF). The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products. 1998. ...
"Atropa Belladonna" (PDF). The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products. 1998. Retrieved 26 February 2017. ... Deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, yields tropane alkaloids including atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine. Anthraquinone ...
Atropa belladonna (belladonna). *Cannabis *medical use. *Castoreum. *Coca. *Conium (hemlock). *Datura innoxia (thorn-apple) ...
Atropa belladonna). It is the levorotary isomer of atropine (third of the three major nightshade alkaloids) and thus sometimes ... The other major belladonna-derived drug hyoscine (known in the United States as Scopolamine) has 92 per cent of the ...
Lee MR (March 2007). "Solanaceae IV: Atropa belladonna, deadly nightshade" (PDF). J R Coll Physicians Edinb. 37 (1): 77-84. ... ISBN 978-0-306-47862-8. Mallinson T (2010). "Deadly Nightshade: Atropa Belladonna". Focus on First Aid (15): 5. Archived from ... "Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products, Atropa Belladonna, Summary Report" (PDF). The European Agency for the Evaluation ... Mateo Montoya A, Mavrakanas N, Schutz JS (2009). "Acute anticholinergic syndrome from Atropa belladonna mistaken for ...
Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade). *Brugmansia species. *Datura species. *Garrya species. *Hyoscyamus niger (henbane) ...
"Atropa belladonna" ľad: "ice"; ľadovec: "iceberg" Poľana, mountain range in Central Slovakia; Sečovská Poľanka, historical name ...
... the toxicity of Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade); various pigmented substances in the blood (including porphyrins); the ...
Examples of names published Atropa caucasica Kreyer. (species now demoted to Atropa belladonna ssp. caucasica (Kreyer) Avet.) ...
Mateo Montoya, A; Mavrakanas, N; Schutz, JS (2009). "Acute anticholinergic syndrome from Atropa belladonna mistaken for ... For instance, King's American Dispensatory states in the entry on belladonna: "Belladonna and opium appear to exert ... in cases of poisoning by Atropa belladonna - far from being antidotes - 'Preparations containing morphine or opiates should be ... "Anticholinergic Toxic Syndrome Caused by Atropa Belladonna Fruit (Deadly Nightshade): A Case Report". Turk J Anaesthesiol ...
rare) Atropa bella-donna L. - (declining) Staphylea colchica Stev. - (rare) Staphylea pinnata L. - (rare) Daphne altaica Pall ...
... atropine is isolated from the plant Atropa belladonna; strychnine is obtained from the seed of the Strychnine tree (Strychnos ... "daughter of Atropa (belladonna)": Development of Systematic Names for the Simple Alkanes Archived 2012-03-16 at the Wayback ...
Banewort - Ranunculus flammula or Atropa belladonna Barrenwort - Epimedium, especially Epimedium alpinum. Bearwort - Meum ...
... is a tropane alkaloid found in a variety of plants including Datura and Atropa belladonna. It is closely related in ... "Isolation and identification of littorine from hairy roots of Atropa belladonna". Plant Cell Reports. 18 (3-4): 249-251. doi: ...
She reportedly advised Agrippina to use Atropa belladonna as a poison. Extracts of atropa have been used for poisoning since ... The effective doses of atropa needed to cause hallucinations for up to four days, and the ones needed to kill a person were ... antiquity, as the plant and its fruits contain tropane alkaloids (primarily hyoscyamine and scopolamine). Atropa-derived ...
One of the herbs used was the nightshade Atropa belladonna for cholicspasms. The drug atropine has been extracted from this ...
It is also an antidote for Atropa belladonna poisoning, the same as for atropine. It has been also used as an antidote for ...
Known as the Belladonna Cure, it contained belladonna (Atropa belladonna) and henbane (Hyoscyamus niger). These plants contain ... Those who could afford psychiatrists or hospitals were subjected to a treatment with barbiturate and belladonna known as "purge ...
... including Atropa belladonna. The biosynthesis of these compounds is thought to take place via the tropane alkaloid pathway, the ... well known as one of the active principles present in the notoriously toxic nightshades Hyoscyamus niger and Atropa belladonna ... country belladonna') and likewise in the common name belladona given it in Bolivia. It is not yet known whether this mild ...
The pills active ingredients consisted primarily of atropine (an extract of Atropa belladonna) and strychnine. Lambert, Angela ...
Atropine is an alkaloid first found in Atropa belladonna, a member of the nightshade family. While atropine was first isolated ... present in Atropa belladonna, Deadly nightshade Cocaine, present in Erythroxylum coca the Coca plant Scopolamine, present in ...
Atropa belladonna, also called deadly nightshade. The effects of belladonna include delirium, hallucinations, light sensitivity ... If the patient went to sleep easily on this hypnotic it was safe to wake him every hour for his belladonna regimen. Dr Lambert ... On his third and last stay he showed signs of delirium tremens and was treated with the Belladonna Cure. He thought this would ... Markel, Howard; M.d (2010-04-19). "An Alcoholic's Savior: God, Belladonna or Both?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. ...
... and Atropa belladonna". Israel Journal of Plant Sciences. 50 (1): 127-134. doi:10.1560/9J1P-6GCQ-M375-51P4 ...
Hyoscyamos niger and Atropa belladonna". International Congress Series. 1242: 43-50. doi:10.1016/S0531-5131(02)00699-4. ...
... belladonna ssp. caucasica. Corolla shape: Scopolia carniolica, simple, un-lobed, straight-sided bell / Atropa belladonna ... Calyx type: Scopolia carniolica, cup-shaped, with slight peaks rather than distinct lobes / Atropa belladonna distinctly lobed ... Other points of dissimilarity include: Pedicel type: Scopolia carniolica, long, slender and delicate / Atropa belladonna, ... Pistil: Scopolia carniolica, straight and shorter than corolla / Atropa belladonna, curved and exserted (=protruding beyond ...
Berries of Atropa belladonna, also called deadly nightshade. Without specific knowledge of their cellular actions or mechanisms ... belladonna were used as poisons, and early humans made poisonous arrows from the plant.[10] In Ancient Rome, it was used as a ...
Tropanes: The term "tropane" comes from a genus in which they are found, Atropa (the belladonna genus). Atropa is named after ... They are found in plants such as henbane (Hyoscyamus albus), belladonna (Atropa belladonna), jimson weed (Datura stramonium), ... belladonna (Atropa belladonna), jimson weed or devil's snare (Datura stramonium) and Brugmansia , as well as many others in the ... and Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade). Certain species are widely known for their medicinal uses, their psychotropic ...
The herb Atropa belladonna has had an important meaning in the legend and symbology of the Akelarre. Hallucinogens were ...
Within Atropa belladonna atropine synthesis has been found to take place primarily in the root of the plant. The concentration ... "Synthesis of Atropine by Isolated Roots and Root-Callus Cultures of Belladonna." Botanical Gazette: Vol. 119, No. 1 (Sep., 1957 ...
Atropa belladonna. *Datura. *Hyoscyamus niger. *Mandragora officinarum. *Dimenhydrinate. *Diphenhydramine. Cannabinoids. *JWH- ...
Atropa belladonna. *Datura. *Hyoscyamus niger. *Mandragora officinarum. *Dimenhydrinate. *Diphenhydramine. Cannabinoids. *JWH- ...
Tûlezer (Atropa belladonna). *Bacan (Solanum melongena). *Bîber (Capsicum). *Fringî (Solanum lycopersicum). *Titûn (Nicotiana) ...
Atropa belladonna. *Datura. *Hyoscyamus niger. *Mandragora officinarum. *Dimenhydrinate. *Diphenhydramine. Cannabinoids. *JWH- ...
Atropa belladonna), henbane (Hyoscyamus niger) and tobacco (Nicotiana spp.), as well as the food plants eggplant and tomato. ...
Atropa belladonna. *Datura. *Hyoscyamus niger. *Mandragora officinarum. *Dimenhydrinate. *Diphenhydramine. Cannabinoids. *JWH- ...
... pripada klasičnom "vještičkom korovu", zajedno sa Atropa belladonna, rodom Hyoscyamus i Mandragora officinarum. Svi ... što su Hyoscyamus niger i Atropa belladonna, Solandreae sa rodom Solandra (loze kaleža) i Mandragoreae, nazvane po poznatoj ...
Volčja češnja (znanstveno ime Atropa belladonna) je visoka zelnata trajnica, katere listi in plodovi so zelo strupeni. ... Volčja češnja ali Atropa belladonna je strupena zelnata trajnica iz družine razhudnikovk (Solanaceae). Lastnosti te družine so ... Brigitte Schwamm: Atropa Belladonna, eine antike heilpflanze im modernen arzneischatz. Dt. Apotheker - Verl. Stuttgart, 1988 ...
... er eit lækjemiddel som vert framstelt av belladonnaplanta (Atropa Belladonna) og er ein potensielt giftig medisinsk urt ...
The deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) is not in the genus Solanum, but is a member of the family Solanaceae. ...
Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade) Brugmansia species Datura species Garrya species Hyoscyamus niger (henbane) Mandragora ...
This may be explained by the familiarity of both A. muscaria and Atropa belladonna to European culture, their formal statuses ... Atropa belladonna) and diphenhydramine (Benadryl). *GABAergics (sometimes regarded as atypical dissociatives) (GABAA receptor ...
Atropa belladonna. *Datura. *Hyoscyamus niger. *Mandragora officinarum. *Dimenhydrinate. *Diphenhydramine. Cannabinoids. *JWH- ...
Atropa belladonna. *Datura. *Hyoscyamus niger. *Mandragora officinarum. *Dimenhydrinate. *Diphenhydramine. Cannabinoids. *JWH- ...
Neurotoxicity can also result from the inhibition of receptors; for example, atropine from deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna ...
Atropa belladonna. *Datura. *Hyoscyamus niger. *Mandragora officinarum. *Dimenhydrinate. *Diphenhydramine. Cannabinoids. *JWH- ...
Atropa belladonna. *Datura. *Hyoscyamus niger. *Mandragora officinarum. *Dimenhydrinate. *Diphenhydramine. Cannabinoids. *JWH- ...
Atropa belladonna. *Datura. *Hyoscyamus niger. *Mandragora officinarum. *Dimenhydrinate. *Diphenhydramine. Cannabinoids. *JWH- ...
... most commonly Atropa belladonna (Deadly Nightshade) and Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane), belonging to the tropane alkaloid-rich ...
He regularly consumed amphetamine, barbiturates, opiates, and cocaine, as well as potassium bromide and atropa belladonna (the ...
Sabbath and features lyrics referencing the traditional hallucinogenic flying ointment prepared from Atropa belladonna (and ...
... may refer to: Atropa belladonna, or deadly nightshade, in the nightshade family Ranunculus flammula, or lesser ...
Atropa belladonna (commonly called Deadly Nightshade), Brugmansia and Laburnum. The mission of the Poison Garden also includes ...
It can also be extracted from plants of the family Solanaceae, including Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade), Datura innoxia ...
Atropa belladonna. (as syn.. Atopa Belladonna). Vol 1 Plate 9 in:. E.Hamilton. Flora Homeopathica. (1852). ... Atropa belladonna. plate 491 in:. Otto Wilhelm Thomé:. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich u.d. Schweiz,. Gera (1885). (modified ... Atropa belladonna. plate 491 in:. Otto Wilhelm Thomé:. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich u.d. Schweiz,. Gera (1885). ... Atropa belladonna. vol. 10 - plate 14 in:. Jacob Sturm:. Deutschlands Flora. in Abbildungen. (1796). ...
Atropa belladonna L. Single flower in profile. Atropa belladonna L. Single flower angled to show both exterior and interior. ... "Solanaceae Atropa belladonna L." Plant Name Details. IPNI. 2003-07-02. Retrieved 2008-03-01. Solanaceae Atropa belladonna L. ... Atropa belladonna (Deadly nightshade)". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland (BSBI). "PLANTS Profile for Atropa bella-donna ... The name Atropa belladonna was published by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753. Atropa is derived from the name of the ...
... Steven Fosters Stock Images of Atropa belladona, Belladonna, Deadly ... Thirty-six images of Atropa belladona, Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade a member of the Solanaceae, native to Eurasia. It is one ...
Atropa bella-donna Family: Solanaceae (Potato family). Synonyms: Atropa belladonna. Belladonna is a perennial branching herb ... Belladonna is a most valuable plant in the treatment of eye diseases, Atropine, obtained during extraction, being its most ... Common name: Belladonna, Devils Cherries, Naughty Mans Cherries, Divale, Black Cherry, Devils Herb, Great Morel, Dwayberry ... Hindi: अंगूर शेफ़ा Angur Shefa, luckmuna, Luckmunee, साग अंगूर Sag-angur • Kannada: ಸೀಮೆ ಬೆಲ್ಡೊನ Seeme belladonna • Tamil: ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of low doses of Atropa belladonna L., Gelsemium sempervirens L. and Poumon ... Neurotropic, immunological and gastric effects of low doses of Atropa belladonna L., Gelsemium sempervirens L. and Poumon ... The results have demonstrated that low doses of G. sempervirens L. and A. belladonna L. had a significant neurotropic and ...
Atropa Belladonna (UNII: WQZ3G9PF0H) (Atropa Belladonna - UNII:WQZ3G9PF0H) Atropa Belladonna. 18 [hp_X] in 0.05 mL. ... atropa belladonna, oyster shell calcium carbonate, crude, capsicum, matricaria recutita, potassium dichromate, plantago major, ... Label: AURO HOMEOPATHIC EAR RELIEF DROPS- atropa belladonna, oyster shell calcium carbonate, crude, capsicum, matricaria ... AURO HOMEOPATHIC EAR RELIEF DROPS- atropa belladonna, oyster shell calcium carbonate, crude, capsicum, matricaria recutita, ...
Atropa belladonna Expresses a microRNA (aba-miRNA-9497) Highly Homologous to Homo sapiens miRNA-378 (hsa-miRNA-378); both ... Atropa belladonna Atropine aba-miRNA-9497 hsa-miRNA-378 Trans-kingdom miRNA signaling Zinc-finger protein ZNF-691 ... Atropa belladonna; https://gardenofgodsandmonsters.wordpress.com/2013/07/17/the-inflexible-unturnable-one-atropa-belladonna/ ... In this paper, we provide evidence that the Atropa belladonna aba-miRNA-9497 (miRBase conserved ID: bdi-miRNA-9497) is highly ...
ATROPA BELLADONNA (UNII: WQZ3G9PF0H) (ATROPA BELLADONNA - UNII:WQZ3G9PF0H) ATROPA BELLADONNA. 30 [hp_C] in 1 mL. ... silver nitrate, atropa belladonna, bryonia alba root, gelsemium sempervirens root, nitroglycerin, lachesis muta venom, ... Label: HEADACHE HP- silver nitrate, atropa belladonna, bryonia alba root, gelsemium sempervirens root, nitroglycerin, lachesis ... HEADACHE HP- silver nitrate, atropa belladonna, bryonia alba root, gelsemium sempervirens root, nitroglycerin, lachesis muta ...
Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl). Also listed as: Atropa belladonna. Related terms. ... belladonna herbum, Belladonna Homaccord, Belladonna Injeel, Belladonna Injeel Forte, belladonna leaf, belladonna pulvis ... Atropa belladonna, atropa belladonna-AE, beladona, belladone, belladonnae herbae pulvis standardisatus, ... Table of Contents , Herbs & Supplements , Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl) ...
Belladonna, ATROPA BELLADONNA, easily at Sand Mountain Herbs.com. Belladonna and every herb sold is useful medicinally or in ... Scientific Name: ATROPA BELLADONNA. Common Name: Belladonna. Other Common Names: Belladona, Belladone, Belladonna, Belladonne, ... ATROPA BELLADONNA Source of atropine, valuable in treating eye diseases and spasms. External applications lessen local ...
The growth and the tissue levels of ammonium nitrate and total N were studied with 2 A belladonna L callus strains of different ... Influence of ammonium and nitrate nutrition on levels of ammonium-nitrate and total nitrogen in the callus of Atropa belladonna ... The N sources containing both NH+4 and NO-3 were more suitable than NO-3 alone for the cultures of Atropa in media with a N ... The growth and the tissue levels of ammonium, nitrate and total N were studied with 2 A. belladonna L. callus strains of ...
Transgenic herbicide-resistant Atropa belladonna using an Ri binary vector and inheritance of the transgenic trait ... Introduction of bar gene into atropa belladonna using ri binary vector system and herbicide resistance of transgenic plants. ... Enhancing the scopolamine production in transgenic plants of Atropa belladonna by overexpressing pmt and h6h genes. Physiologia ... Traits of transgenic Atropa belladonna doubly transformed with different Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains. Plant Cell Tissue & ...
You are here: Home / Feed Items / D-111 (Matricaria Chamomilla, Rheum Officinale Root, Atropa Belladonna, Arabica Coffee Bean, ... D-111 (Matricaria Chamomilla, Rheum Officinale Root, Atropa Belladonna, Arabica Coffee Bean, Tribasic Calcium Phosphate, ... D-111 (Matricaria Chamomilla, Rheum Officinale Root, Atropa Belladonna, Arabica Coffee Bean, Tribasic Calcium Phosphate, ...
Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl). Also listed as: Atropa belladonna. Related terms. ... belladonna herbum, Belladonna Homaccord, Belladonna Injeel, Belladonna Injeel Forte, belladonna leaf, belladonna pulvis ... Atropa belladonna, atropa belladonna-AE, beladona, belladone, belladonnae herbae pulvis standardisatus, ... Table of Contents , Herbs & Supplements , Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl) ...
... This plant has poison characteristics. See below.. Common Name(s):. Belladonna, deadly nightshade. Category: ...
Atropa belladonna. Click here for photos of Atropa belladonna.. Atropa belladonna L. Engl.: deadly nightshade, belladonna, ... Deu.: Tollkirsche, Belladonna. Fran.: belladone, morelle furieuse. Sven.: belladonna, dvalbär, galnebär. Ital.: belladonna. ... Read more about Extractum Belladonnae Radicis Fluidum (U. S. P.)-Fluid Extract of Belladonna Root. ... Read more about Emplastrum Belladonnae Viride, B.P.C. Green Belladonna Plaster. ...
Belladonna is a legendary Central European plant and considered one of the infamous witch plants. It is highly hallucinogenic, ... a. acuminataa. borealisatropa belladonnab. trichotomabelladonna bacciferaboberella belladonna. ... The botanical name Belladonna is composed of the Greek goddess of fate "Atropos" and the Italian "belladonna" for beautiful ... Belladonna is a legendary Central European plant and considered one of the infamous witch plants. It is highly hallucinogenic, ...
"Atropa belladonna" by people in this website by year, and whether "Atropa belladonna" was a major or minor topic of these ... "Atropa belladonna" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Glatstein M, Danino D, Wolyniez I, Scolnik D. Seizures caused by ingestion of Atropa belladonna in a homeopathic medicine in a ... A plant species of the genus ATROPA, family SOLANACEAE that contains ATROPINE; SCOPOLAMINE; BELLADONNA ALKALOIDS and other ...
... še sta tam. v tej in tej sobi. moja in tvoja. persona. in najine oči. v tej in tej sobi. goltajo brezna. v ...
"Solanaceae Atropa belladonna L." Plant Name Details. IPNI. 2003-07-02. Retrieved 2008-03-01. Solanaceae Atropa belladonna L. ... The name Atropa belladonna was published by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753.[16] Atropa is derived from the name of ... Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family ... Atropa belladonna has unpredictable effects.[1] The antidote for belladonna poisoning is physostigmine or pilocarpine, the same ...
atropa belladonna plant finder botanical atropa belladonna, commonly known as deadly nightshade or belladonna, is one of the ... atropa belladonna seeds. belladonna seeds (atropa belladonna) 30+ rare flower seeds in frozen seed capsules for the gardener & ... atropa belladonna religion wiki fandom powered atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a ... atropa belladonna plant identification. atropa belladonna common name(s): belladonna, deadly nightshade synonyme(s): n/a family ...
The substance is extracted from atropa belladonna. The name is ambiguous as the substance is. Atropos is one of the three Fates ... Belladonna is Latin for beautiful woman. Just like Botox it is a neurotoxin (formerly) used in cosmetics.. Atropine works by ... Since that apparently looks good the plant has the name belladonna. Of course this is really bad for your retina. It is only ... This makes it a neurotoxin, hence atropa. Applied to the eyes it makes the pupils dilate. ...
Indian Belladonna seeds Atropa acuminata belongs to the family of the Solanacaea, the nightshades. It is native to India and is ... also known as Indian Banewort or Indian Belladonna. There it occurs even at 3600 m above sea level. ... Atropa acuminata, Indian Belladonna seeds. Atropa acuminata belongs to the family of the Solanacaea, the nightshades. It is ... Cultivation of Indian belladonna:. The seeds of Atropa acuminata need a cold stratification meaning that they should be put ...
Atropa belladonna (fam. Solanaceae), one of the oldest known allohexaploids among flowering plants. Because of their abundance ... and phylogenetic data demonstrate complex evolutionary dynamics of rDNA loci in allohexaploid species of Atropa belladonna. The ... Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequencing of A. belladonna 45S rDNA repeats revealed a general structure characteristic of ... Atropa belladonna is a member of a small genus of ancient allopolyploid plants from the Solanaceae family with a history of ...
Atropa Belladonna Eau de Parfum 30ml. Current Price £30.00. Average rating: 4.30 out of 5 ...
Belladonna, from the Italian for beautiful lady, pays tribute to its use in cosmetics. Atropa Belladonna has always been the ... The Queen of the Poison Garden, Atropa Belladonna. Posted by DeathScent on August 12, 2016. October 12, 2017. ... I mean its names alone, Atropa Belladonna and Deadly Nightshade. Both names are so goth they should be wearing Sisters of Mercy ... Belladonna as a medicine has never left us, however; it has just become more refined. Belladonnas alkaloids are used today as ...
Atropa belladonna Atropa belladonna Village Elder. * * Member * * 583 posts * Gender:Female * Location:MASS ...
Scented with Atropa Belladonna - Cassis berries and jasmine dance with layers of depth from patchouli and vanilla. ... Scented with Atropa Belladonna - Cassis berries and jasmine dance with layers of depth from patchouli and vanilla. ... Scented with Atropa Belladonna - Cassis berries and jasmine dance with layers of depth from patchouli and vanilla. ...
... belladonna herbum, Belladonna Homaccord, Belladonna Injeel, Belladonna Injeel Forte, belladonna leaf, belladonna pulvis ... Atropa belladonna, atropa belladonna-AE, beladona, belladone, belladonnae herbae pulvis standardisatus, ... Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl). Natural Standard Bottom Line Monograph, Copyright © ... Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl). March 22, 2017. ...
Known as deadly nightshade (and for good reason), Atropa belladonna is one of the most toxic plants in the Western Hemisphere. ... While not as toxic as its cousin belladonna, bittersweet nightshade is poisonous to pets and can be deadly to children who eat ...
  • Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a poisonous perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae, which also includes tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant (aubergine). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes A. belladonna is confused for the less poisonous black nightshade, Solanum nigrum, which is in a different genus within Solanaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thirty-six images of Atropa belladona, Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade a member of the Solanaceae, native to Eurasia. (stevenfoster.com)
  • This is the first example of a human brain-enriched transcription factor, ZNF-691, targeted and down-regulated by a naturally occurring plant microRNA, with potential to modulate gene expression in the human CNS and thus contribute to the neurotoxicological-and-psychoactive properties of the Atropa belladonna species of the deadly nightshade Solanaceae family. (springer.com)
  • Atropa belladonna is in the nightshade family ( Solanaceae ), which it shares with potatoes , tomatoes , eggplants , jimsonweed , tobacco , wolfberry , and chili peppers . (jakearchibald.com)
  • atropa belladonna common name(s): belladonna, deadly nightshade synonyme(s): n/a family: solanaceae origin: europe more infos: this site uses cookies to analyze traffic and for ads measurement purposes. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • tracheophyta › magnoliopsida › solanaceae › atropa › atropa belladonna ecology a robust rhizomatous perennial herb of dry disturbed ground, field margins, hedgerows and open woodland. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family solanaceae, native to europe, north africa, and western asia. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequencing of A. belladonna 45S rDNA repeats revealed a general structure characteristic of other Solanaceae species, and a very high sequence similarity of two length variants, with the only difference in number of short IGS subrepeats. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A. belladonna (family: Solanaceae) is one of important pharmaceutical plants which contain tropane ‎alkaloids. (ac.ir)
  • Belladonna is a member of the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and can be identified by its bell-shaped, purple flowers and cherry-sized green berries that mature to a dark purple or black color. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Deadly nightshade ( Atropa belladonna ) is in the very large nightshade family, or Solanaceae , as they are known to botanists. (hubpages.com)
  • It is obtained from deadly nightshade ( Atropa belladonna ) and other plants of the family Solanaceae. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Known originally under various folk names (such as "deadly nightshade" in English), the plant was baptized Atropa belladonna by Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) when he devised his classification system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of deadly nightshades as a poison was known in ancient Rome, as attested by the rumor that the Roman empress Livia Drusilla used the juice of Atropa belladonna berries to murder her husband, the emperor Augustus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Steven Foster's Stock Images of Atropa belladona, Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade. (stevenfoster.com)
  • meet atropa belladonna, more popularly known as deadly nightshade.the plant looks harmless enough, as its leaves are green and it grows up to 4 feet high. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • atropa belladonna, commonly known as deadly nightshade or belladonna, is one of the most toxic plants native to the eastern hemisphere. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • description atropa belladonna, is a poisonous plant also called deadly nightshade.it grow up in the mountain area in north europe, africa and west asia. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • That was the day I met Atropa Belladonna, better known by its folk-name, Deadly Nightshade. (deathscent.com)
  • I mean its names alone, Atropa Belladonna and Deadly Nightshade. (deathscent.com)
  • Known as deadly nightshade (and for good reason), Atropa belladonna is one of the most toxic plants in the Western Hemisphere. (bobvila.com)
  • While not as toxic as its cousin belladonna, bittersweet nightshade is poisonous to pets and can be deadly to children who eat its brilliant red berries. (bobvila.com)
  • Atropine occurs naturally in a number of plants of the nightshade family , including deadly nightshade (belladonna), Jimson weed , and mandrake . (wikipedia.org)
  • Deadly nightshade , Atropa belladonna , yields tropane alkaloids including atropine , scopolamine and hyoscyamine . (wikipedia.org)
  • Atropa Belladonna is also known as deadly nightshade. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Atropa Belladonna The Atropa Belladonna is also known by its many names - Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade, Banewort, Devil's Berries, and Naughty Man's Cherries , among others. (infobarrel.com)
  • Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade), a plant that is the source of numerous alkaloids, such as atropine and hyoscyamine . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • the dried leaves, roots, and flowering or fruiting tops of Atropa belladonna, a common perennial called deadly nightshade, containing the alkaloids hyoscine and hyoscyamine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • E. The drug named atropine is made from the plant Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade). (washington.edu)
  • Atropine found in deadly nightshade Atropa belladonna , LD 50 of 400,000, oral. (everything2.com)
  • Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) intoxication: An analysis of 49 children. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Atropa belladonna commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade. (allrefer.com)
  • We speculate that the potent neurotoxic actions of the multiple tropane alkaloids of Atropa belladonna may be supplemented by the neuroregulatory actions of aba-miRNA-9497 on ZNF-691, and this may be followed by the modulation in the expression of ZNF-691-sensitive genes. (springer.com)
  • Belladonna is known to contain active agents with anticholinergic properties, such as the tropane alkaloids atropine, hyoscine (scopolamine), and hyoscyamine. (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • Most research has evaluated belladonna in combination with other agents, such as ergot alkaloids or barbiturates, or in homeopathic (diluted) preparations. (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • Atropa acuminata contains many alkaloids amongst others atropine. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • Furthermore the alkaloids of the Indian Belladonna are used against Parkinson disease and tremors. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • as well as florals like Petunias and things like Mandrakes, Tobacco, our old friend Datura , and Belladonna filled with toxic tropane alkaloids. (deathscent.com)
  • The most important alkaloids of A . belladonna are atropine and hyoscine that are used extensively because of their medicinal properties. (ac.ir)
  • Belladonna alkaloids are anticholinergic, which means that it works by blocking the certain nerve impulses involved in the parasympathetic nervous system , which regulates certain involuntary bodily functions or reflexes, including pupil dilation, heart rate, secretion of glands and organs, and the constriction of the bronchioles in the lungs and the alimentary canal (digestive tract). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Belladonna alkaloids, the active ingredients of the plant, include atropine and scopolamine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For example, Robert Cochrane specialized in Atropa belladonna and her alkaloids, which eventually lead to his strange death. (patheos.com)
  • Belladonna (Atropa belladonna) contains anticholinergic alkaloids such as atropine and scopolamine. (nih.gov)
  • the leaves (0.3% belladonna alkaloids) and root (0.5% belladonna alkaloids) orginally were sources of atropine scopalamine and related alkaloids, which are anticholinergic. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Belladonna is used as a powder (0.3% belladonna alkaloids, calculated as hyoscyamine) and tincture in the treatment of diarrhea, asthma, colic, and hyperacidity. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • [8] [9] The tropane alkaloids of A. belladonna were used as poisons, and early humans made poisonous arrows from the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jimson weed is Datura, which has similar alkaloids to Atropa belladonna. (halfbakery.com)
  • Two other substances found in belladonna, scopolamine and hyoscyamine, are used in a number of antispasmodics used to treat intestinal disorders like diarrhea, irritable colon, and peptic ulcers. (angelfire.com)
  • Scopolamine, an alkaloid of belladonna, is helpful in treating motion sickness and vertigo. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Transgenic Atropa belladonna with high levels of scopolamine was developed by metabolic engineering . (bvsalud.org)
  • A functional gene involved in the rate limiting enzyme of h6h involved in the biosynthetic pathway of scopolamine was over expressed in A. belladonna via Agrobacterium - mediation . (bvsalud.org)
  • The highest level of scopolamine was found in leaves of transgenic A. belladonna , and the content of scopolamine was also higher than that of hyoscyamine in leaves. (bvsalud.org)
  • As a result, transgenic plants of A. belladonna with higher level of scopolamine were developed. (bvsalud.org)
  • belladonna contains scopolamine and hyoscyamine, which are used as antispasmodics in mainstream medicine and for gout and rheumatism in herbal medicine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Linnaeus chose the species name belladonna ("beautiful woman" in Italian) in reference to the cosmetic use of the plant during the Renaissance, when women used the juice of the berries in eyedrops intended to dilate the pupils and make the eyes appear more seductive. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name Atropa belladonna was published by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753. (jakearchibald.com)
  • species atropa acuminata royle ex lindl. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • The obtained molecular, cytogenetic and phylogenetic data demonstrate complex evolutionary dynamics of rDNA loci in allohexaploid species of Atropa belladonna . (biomedcentral.com)
  • As taxonomically challenged and possibly lethal as Belladonna and her sister species are, they have also been a boon to humanity. (deathscent.com)
  • n. a poisonous Eurasian plant ( Atropa belladonna ) of the nightshade family, with drooping purple flowers and black cherrylike fruit. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Atropa belladonna is rarely used in gardens, but, when grown, it is usually for its large upright habit and showy berries. (jakearchibald.com)
  • Scented with Atropa Belladonna - Cassis berries and jasmine dance with layers of depth from patchouli and vanilla. (shayandblue.com)
  • A plant , Atropa belladonna , having purple bell - shaped flowers and poisonous black glossy berries . (wiktionary.org)
  • 1. A poisonous perennial herb (Atropa belladonna) native to Eurasia and northern Africa and naturalized in parts of North America, having nodding, purplish-brown, bell-shaped flowers and glossy black berries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Belladonna is extremely toxic. (angelfire.com)
  • Belladonna contains potentially toxic chemicals and has been linked to reports of serious side effects. (webmd.com)
  • People with Down syndrome might be extra-sensitive to the potentially toxic chemicals in belladonna and their harmful effects. (webmd.com)
  • Belladonna might promote complications of ulcerative colitis, including toxic megacolon. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Belladonna has been used in the past for headache, airway obstruction, and irritable bowel syndrome among others, but its use has been supplanted by more specific and less toxic compounds. (nih.gov)
  • belladonna poisoning a severe toxic condition due to accidental or purposeful overdosage of belladonna. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Belladonna is one of the most toxic plants found in the Eastern Hemisphere. (allrefer.com)
  • belladonna seeds (atropa belladonna) 30+ rare flower seeds in frozen seed capsules for the gardener & rare seeds collector plant seeds now or save seeds for many years 1.5 out of 5 stars 2 $9.99 $ 9. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • The seeds of Atropa acuminata need a cold stratification meaning that they should be put into the fridge for 1 month at a temperature of about 4°C. After that they can be planted into the substrate. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • I have some Atropa Belladonna seeds and I was planning on growing this plant for psychonautic experimentation. (drugs-forum.com)
  • Neurotropic, immunological and gastric effects of low doses of Atropa belladonna L., Gelsemium sempervirens L. and Poumon histamine in stressed mice. (nih.gov)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of low doses of Atropa belladonna L., Gelsemium sempervirens L. and Poumon histamine on stress-induced behavioral, immunological and gastric alterations. (nih.gov)
  • Among our most powerful renal antispasmodics are Piper methysticum - the ace in the hole - along with Lobelia inflata , Viburnum opulus , Aesculus hippocastanum , Ammi visnaga , Dioscorea villosa , Gelsemium sempervirens , Atropa belladonna , and Hyoscyamus niger . (ndnr.com)
  • indian belladonna/maitbrand (kashmir and adjoining regions of india, pakistan and afghanistan, also n. iran).endangered. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • It is native to India and is also known as Indian Banewort or Indian Belladonna. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • The fruits of the Indian Belladonna are first green and then they change their color to dark black, they are never ever red. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • All parts of the Indian Belladonna are highly poisonous. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • The Indian Belladonna prefers a substrate that is rich in calcium carbonate. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • 132 13 changes in atropa belladonna l. and datura innoxia mill. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • Belladonna Extract contains Hyoscyamine,which is used to provide symptomatic relief to various gastrointestinal disorders including spasms, peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulitis, pancreatitis, colic and cystitis. (made-in-china.com)
  • Glatstein M, Danino D, Wolyniez I, Scolnik D. Seizures caused by ingestion of Atropa belladonna in a homeopathic medicine in a previously well infant: case report and review of the literature. (sickkids.ca)
  • Belladonna is frequently prescribed homeopathic remedy used to treat illnesses that manifest symptoms similar to those that belladonna poisoning triggers (i.e., high fever, nausea , delirium, muscle spasms, flushed skin, dilated pupils). (encyclopedia.com)
  • As with all homeopathic remedies, the prescription of belladonna depends on the individual's overall symptom picture, mood, and temperament. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When used as a homeopathic remedy, belladonna is administered in a highly diluted form to trigger the body's natural healing response without risk of belladonna poisoning or death. (encyclopedia.com)
  • plant samples atropa belladonna and matricaria chamomilla were collected from northern areas of pakistan. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • The botanical name Belladonna is composed of the Greek goddess of fate "Atropos" and the Italian "belladonna" for beautiful woman, possibly dating back to the legend that women in Italy, for aesthetic reasons, widened their pupils with eyedrops made of belladonna. (magicgardenseeds.com)
  • The Atropa bit is in homage to Atropos one of the three Greek sisters of fate known as the Moirai. (deathscent.com)
  • Atropa belladonna is a branching herbaceous perennial rhizomatous hemicryptophyte, often growing as a subshrub from a fleshy rootstock. (wikipedia.org)
  • Belladonna is a perennial branching herb growing to 5 feet tall. (flowersofindia.net)
  • Belladonna is a most valuable plant in the treatment of eye diseases, Atropine, obtained during extraction, being its most important constituent on account of its power of dilating the pupil. (flowersofindia.net)
  • Transgenic Atropa belladonna conferred with a herbicide-resistant trait was obtained by transformation with an Ri plasmid binary vector and plant regeneration from hairy roots. (eurekamag.com)
  • Belladonna is a legendary Central European plant and considered one of the infamous witch plants. (magicgardenseeds.com)
  • belladonna is a plant. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • Since that apparently looks good the plant has the name belladonna . (blogspot.com)
  • Atropa acuminata grows as an herbaceous plant that reaches a height of about 0,9 m. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • You can also plant belladonna by means of cutting the green branch tips and using them to start new plants. (angelfire.com)
  • All parts of the belladonna plant should be dried quickly in the sun, directly after harvesting. (angelfire.com)
  • Snails, aphids and white flies are the pests most anoying to the growing Belladonna plant. (angelfire.com)
  • To use belladonna for it's halucinagenic qualities one would (after reading the following warning) soak the plant in rubbing alcohol for a couple of days and then evaporate it by means of an electric grill. (angelfire.com)
  • Belladonna is an atropine based plant and is a severe hallucinagen, actually more like a delerient. (angelfire.com)
  • Belladonna leaves are large (up to 10 in [25.4 cm] in length) and grow in pairs on either side of the plant stem. (encyclopedia.com)
  • I remember first hearing about this plant in the movie Practical Magic , where Aunt Jet's Belladonna played a central role in the movie, causing the death of Jimmy Angelov. (patheos.com)
  • I like to think of Belladonna as my plant spirit familiar. (patheos.com)
  • Belladonna is a combination of Saturnian energy being a poisonous plant, and Martial force due to her aggressive and protective nature. (patheos.com)
  • Belladonna is a quintessential plant of the traditional/classical witchcraft current. (patheos.com)
  • 3] Because of the narrow therapeutic index and variable potency of plant-based (i.e., nonstandardized) belladonna, it should be avoided orally and topically during lactation. (nih.gov)
  • A crude form of ATROPINE derived from the leaves and roots of the poisonous plant, Atropa belladonna . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An alkaloid obtained from the belladonna plant. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • There is a lack of reliable scientific evidence available for the effectiveness of belladonna for rash after radiation therapy. (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • There is a lack of reliable scientific evidence available for the effectiveness of belladonna to treat excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis). (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of belladonna for these uses. (webmd.com)
  • The name "belladonna" means "beautiful lady," and was chosen because of a risky practice in Italy. (webmd.com)
  • The name "belladonna" is derived from Italian and means "beautiful lady" because the herb was used in eye-drops by women to dilate the pupils of the eyes to make them appear seductive. (allrefer.com)
  • Belladonna is an herb that has been used for centuries for a variety of indications, including headache, menstrual symptoms, peptic ulcer disease, inflammation, and motion sickness. (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • Linnaeus chose the genus name Atropa because of the poisonous properties of these plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with all potentionally harmfull plants, belladonna should be kept out of reach of children, especially as they are more suceptable to poisoning. (angelfire.com)
  • Both Kan(r) and Hnh6h genes were detected in five transgenic lines of A. belladonna plants (A8, A11, A12, C8 and C19), but were not detected in the controls. (bvsalud.org)
  • Atropine, a chemical found in belladonna is used by modern eye doctors to dilate the pupils to they can examine the retina. (angelfire.com)
  • Atropine, an alkaloid of belladonna that blocks certain nerve impulses, is still used by some opthamologists today to dilate the pupils for eye exams. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This name may have come from the use of belladonna to dilate the eyes in order to make a woman more attractive to men. (mentalfloss.com)
  • The results have demonstrated that low doses of G. sempervirens L. and A. belladonna L. had a significant neurotropic and protective effects on behavioral and gastric alterations induced by experimental stress. (nih.gov)
  • In minuscule doses, Belladonna can cause Lilliputian hallucinations (where objects and people appear larger or smaller than they are) as well as delirium. (deathscent.com)
  • These products may contain inaccurate doses of belladonna. (medlineplus.gov)
  • As such, belladonna can act as an anesthetic or anti-inflammatory when p …more Like many poisons, they can be hallucinogens or remedies in very small doses. (goodreads.com)
  • The sedative and analgesic action of morphine, the effect desired by inclusion in belladonna and opium suppositories of powdered opium, are thought to be due to the depressant effect on the cerebral cortex, hypothalamus and medullary centers. (drugs.com)
  • Belladonna and opium suppositories are used for relief of moderate to severe pain associated with ureteral spasm not responsive to non-narcotic analgesics and to space intervals between injections of opiates. (drugs.com)
  • Do not use belladonna and opium suppositories in patients suffering from glaucoma, severe hepatic or renal disease, bronchial asthma, narcotic idiosyncrasies, respiratory depression, convulsive disorders, acute alcoholism, delirium tremens and premature labor. (drugs.com)
  • Rectally, belladonna is used in hemorrhoid suppositories. (webmd.com)
  • Belladonna is also used as suppositories for hemorrhoids. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Belladonna slows gland and organ secretion, which makes it useful in controlling conditions that cause excessive sweating. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 1] Application of belladonna paste to the nipple to reduce milk secretion during lactation is an extremely old use. (nih.gov)
  • Some have postulated that the Vinegar and Gall in the crucifixion story may have contained some combination of Mandrake, Wormwood, and Belladonna as pain relief or maybe a kinder death than the cross. (deathscent.com)
  • Industrial and practical recommendations: According to the findings of this study, for extraction more atropine and collection of atropine and hyoscine from Atropa bladonna , the samples of Ardabil region can be recommended. (ac.ir)
  • Belladonna grows bell-shaped flowers of a blueish purple color or a dull red color. (angelfire.com)
  • Belladonna grows vigorously in the United States. (angelfire.com)
  • Belladonna has also been introduced to a number of places, including the United States and Ireland and now grows wild. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The modern pharmacological study of Atropa belladonna extracts was begun by the German chemist Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge (1795-1867). (wikipedia.org)
  • Belladonna has been used as a sedative, painkiller, and sleep aid since ancient Greece and probably earlier. (deathscent.com)
  • The atropine effect of the belladonna extract serves to eliminate morphine induced smooth muscle spasm without affecting the sedative analgesic action of powdered opium. (drugs.com)
  • Though widely regarded as unsafe, belladonna is used as a sedative, to stop bronchial spasms in asthma and whooping cough , and as a cold and hay fever remedy. (webmd.com)
  • Belladonna has been used historically for the treatment of irritable bowel, and in theory its mechanism of action should be effective for some of the symptoms. (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • Bellergal (a combination of phenobarbital, ergot, and belladonna) has been used historically to treat hot flashes. (davidsnaturalmarket.com)
  • The belladonna berry juice was used historically in Italy to enlarge the pupils of women, giving them a striking appearance. (webmd.com)
  • Early research suggests that taking belladonna along with the drug phenobarbital by mouth for one month does not improve symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome . (webmd.com)
  • Taking belladonna by mouth along with the drug phenobarbital does not improve symptoms of this condition. (medlineplus.gov)