Atropa belladonna: A plant species of the genus ATROPA, family SOLANACEAE that contains ATROPINE; SCOPOLAMINE; BELLADONNA ALKALOIDS and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for SOLANUM.Atropa: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE which contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS including ATROPINE which is named after this genus.Belladonna Alkaloids: Alkaloids obtained from various plants, especially the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), variety acuminata; atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine are classical, specific antimuscarinic agents with many pharmacologic actions; used mainly as antispasmodics.Hyoscyamus: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE which contains TROPANES.Solanaceous Alkaloids: Alkaloids, mainly tropanes, elaborated by plants of the family Solanaceae, including Atropa, Hyoscyamus, Mandragora, Nicotiana, Solanum, etc. Some act as cholinergic antagonists; most are very toxic; many are used medicinally.Pimpinella: A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole.Helleborus: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain hellebrin (BUFANOLIDES). The extract is the basis of Boicil preparation used to treat rheumatism.Cyclohexanes: Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Delphinium: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain ACONITINE and other diterpenoid alkaloids.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Organizations, Nonprofit: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Cholinergic Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate CHOLINERGIC RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of ACETYLCHOLINE or cholinergic agonists.Ganglionic Blockers: Agents having as their major action the interruption of neural transmission at nicotinic receptors on postganglionic autonomic neurons. Because their actions are so broad, including blocking of sympathetic and parasympathetic systems, their therapeutic use has been largely supplanted by more specific drugs. They may still be used in the control of blood pressure in patients with acute dissecting aortic aneurysm and for the induction of hypotension in surgery.Parasympathetic Nervous System: The craniosacral division of the autonomic nervous system. The cell bodies of the parasympathetic preganglionic fibers are in brain stem nuclei and in the sacral spinal cord. They synapse in cranial autonomic ganglia or in terminal ganglia near target organs. The parasympathetic nervous system generally acts to conserve resources and restore homeostasis, often with effects reciprocal to the sympathetic nervous system.Acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.Neuromuscular Junction: The synapse between a neuron and a muscle.Parasympatholytics: Agents that inhibit the actions of the parasympathetic nervous system. The major group of drugs used therapeutically for this purpose is the MUSCARINIC ANTAGONISTS.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Genetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Commitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Beekeeping: The management and maintenance of colonies of honeybees.Honey: A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.Colony Collapse: The sudden collapse and disappearance or diminution of a colony of organisms.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Food Storage: Keeping food for later consumption.Opium: The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.Suppositories: Medicated dosage forms that are designed to be inserted into the rectal, vaginal, or urethral orifice of the body for absorption. Generally, the active ingredients are packaged in dosage forms containing fatty bases such as cocoa butter, hydrogenated oil, or glycerogelatin that are solid at room temperature but melt or dissolve at body temperature.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Vincamine: A major alkaloid of Vinca minor L., Apocynaceae. It has been used therapeutically as a vasodilator and antihypertensive agent, particularly in cerebrovascular disorders.Harringtonines: Tetracyclic spiro-BENZAZEPINES isolated from the seeds of CEPHALOTAXUS. They are esters of the alkaloid cephalotaxine and may be effective as antineoplastic agents.Alkaloids: Organic nitrogenous bases. Many alkaloids of medical importance occur in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, and some have been synthesized. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Bromine: A halogen with the atomic symbol Br, atomic number 36, and atomic weight 79.904. It is a volatile reddish-brown liquid that gives off suffocating vapors, is corrosive to the skin, and may cause severe gastroenteritis if ingested.Ergot Alkaloids: Alkaloids originally isolated from the ergot fungus Claviceps purpurea (Hypocreaceae). They include compounds that are structurally related to ergoline (ERGOLINES) and ergotamine (ERGOTAMINES). Many of the ergot alkaloids act as alpha-adrenergic antagonists.Vinca Alkaloids: A group of indole-indoline dimers which are ALKALOIDS obtained from the VINCA genus of plants. They inhibit polymerization of TUBULIN into MICROTUBULES thus blocking spindle formation and arresting cells in METAPHASE. They are some of the most useful ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS.

Enhanced secretory activity of Atropa belladonna hairy root culture over-expressing ADP-ribosylation factor gene. (1/1)

Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of leaf tissues of Atropa belladonna with an adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP)-ribosylation factor gene of carrot, arf-001, was performed employing pBCR82 as an expression vector. This vector co-expresses rol gene cluster together with arf-001, and thus, the transformed host cells were obtained as hairy roots. Two cell lines of the transformed belladonna were established as the liquid cultures of hairy root tissues, and expression of arf-001 and accumulation of its product in the cells were confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot analyses, respectively. A marked increase in extracellular protein concentrations was observed in the transformed belladonna root cultures as compared with the controls transformed with an empty vector. However, the secretion of the proteins of the transformants was markedly reduced in the presence of a physiological concentration of monensin. These results suggest that over-expression of arf-001 in belladonna results in the enhancement of secretory activity in the transformed cells.  (+info)

The tropine group is a [3,2,1]Bicyclooctane derivative. [3,2,1] means you have three, two, and one atoms in between the bridges. The cyclohexane ring can be arranged in a chair conformation. You also see a 5-membered and a 7-membered ring. The oxygen is in endo position, meaning it points toward the bigger part of the remaining ring ...
Coarse, branched, perennial herb with red sap; leaves alternate, simple; flowers axillary, drooping, tubular, 5-lobed, dull red-purple or greenish purple; fruit a glossy, purple-black ...
Atropin er eit lækjemiddel som vert framstelt av belladonnaplanta (Atropa Belladonna) og er ein potensielt giftig medisinsk urt. Atropin kan brukast til handsaming av ei lang rekkje lidingar: Det lammar visse nerveendar og virkar avslappande på innvollsmuskulatur. Det kan òg brukast til å turka ut lunge og strupe før narkose. Det verkar utvidande på pupillane og vert difor brukt som augedropar i forkant av augeundersøkingar og ved handsaming av regnbogehinnebetennelse. Det kan òg verka lindrande ved astma og kikhoste og kan nyttast ved enkelte tilfelle av soppforgiftning. Atropin er òg motgift ved nervegass. Atropinets vanlegaste biverknader er nedsetting av spytt- og svetteproduksjonen og hemmar dermed auget si tilpasning til syn på nært hald - altså akkomodasjonsrefleksen. ...
Biogenetisch von der Aminos ure L-Ornithin abgeleitete Alkaloide, die ein Tropan-Grundger st besitzen, welches h ufig mit einer aromatischen S ure verestert ist (z. B. DL-Atropin aus Atropa belladonna ...
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A traditional dose of belladonna leaf powder is 50 to 100 milligrams taken by mouth, with a maximum single dose of 200 milligrams (0.6 milligrams of total alkaloids, calculated as the ingredient hyoscyamine) and a maximum daily dose of 600 milligrams. A traditional dose of belladonna root is 50 milligrams, with a maximum single dose of 100 milligrams (0.5 milligrams of total alkaloids, calculated as hyoscyamine) and a maximum daily dose of 300 milligrams. A traditional dose of belladonna extract is 10 milligrams, with a maximum single dose of 100 milligrams (0.5 milligrams of total alkaloids, calculated as hyoscyamine) and a maximum daily dose of 150 milligrams. The expert German panel, the Commission E, suggests these doses mainly for the treatment of "gastrointestinal spasm." For tincture of belladonna (composed of 27 to 33 milligrams of belladonna leaf alkaloids in 100 milliliters of alcohol), informal reports suggest either a total dose of 1.5 milligrams daily (divided into three doses daily ...
Belladonna Description Belladonna, more commonly known as deadly night-shade, Atropa belladonna, devils cherries, devils herb, divale, dwale, dwayberry, great morel, naughty mans cherries, and poison black cherry, is a perennial herb that has been valued for its medicinal properties for over f
Meaning and definition of the name Belladonna. Learn the meaning of Belladonna, learn about the origin of the name Belladonna and find other information about the name Belladonna.
Belladonna is a perennial herb that is native to Europe and Asia Minor, but is now grown quite often in the United States, Europe, and India. While growing in the wild, which Belladonna commonly does, a slight dose can be fatal. The nickname "deadly nightshade" is a good clue of its potency. When Belladonna was first used it was for cosmetic purposes. Women felt that if they used it to dilate their pupils, they would look more sexy and alluring. This explains the name Belladonna, which means "beautiful lady" in Italian ...
Alkaloid from Atropa Belladonna. C17H23NO3.. Is most commonly used or abused by ophthalmologists to dilate the pupil. See Sickel, British Quarterly, 1868, vol. xxvi, p. 672, and Norton, in New York J. M., vol. i, p. 365, 1873. Hence seventy symptoms are marked (In sick :), such being observed on patients. A good proving by Kafka may be found in the British Quarterly, vol. xv, page 238.. MIND. [1] [Atro. s. ...
Information about Belladonna including basics, effects, dosage, history, legal status, photos, research, media coverage, and links to other resources.
Belladonna is rich in potentially deadly alkaloids, but low doses may help with menopause & migraines. Read on to learn how to use it safely.
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FeverUses:Main Indication: High fever of sudden onset with perspirationCommon Name: Deadly nightshadeWarnings:Stop use and ask a doctor if symptoms persist for more than 3 days or worsen.If pregnant or breast-feeding,...
Statistical tests can only be applied once data are available for testing. They are based on the null hypothesis, that is, a hypothesis that there are no differential effects between treatments in a fair (unbiased) comparison. The issue to be addressed in Balfours experiment could thus be phrased as: Can we accept the null hypothesis of no difference between belladonna and no belladonna? For reliable evaluations, however, we need to think of what alternative hypotheses might be relevant. An alternative hypothesis is one where a difference deemed worthwhile exists. For example, a diet that leads to a loss of half a kilogram in six months may not be deemed worthwhile, whereas one that results in a 10 kg loss may be well worth using. This implies that a limit should be set below which a differential treatment effect is not worth pursuing. Thus the design principle could be stated as A trial should be capable of rejecting the null hypothesis, if an alternative hypothesis is true. The size of ...
Looking for online definition of belladonna in the Medical Dictionary? belladonna explanation free. What is belladonna? Meaning of belladonna medical term. What does belladonna mean?
Theres a reason that Atropa belladonna is commonly called deadly nightshade. While it may not hold the official title of deadliest flower in the world (theres no consensus on that topic), and other flowers like oleander are similarly dangerous, belladonna is notable not only for its ability to kill but for its history and unusual appearance. This perennial herbaceous plant, native to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia, has been used for centuries as a medicine, cosmetic, poison and hallucinogen. Both the foliage and the very juicy and tempting-looking dark purple berries of this plant are highly toxic. The scientific name atropa is thought to be derived from that of the Greek goddess Atropos, one of the three fates, who was responsible for determining a mans death. Belladonna is Italian for beautiful woman. ...
Promotes the development and function of the lack of cure for acne, although many women feel tearful and low protein binding. Yes no possible cause your child is overweight. G. , emergency medical services when needed to control either bowel or bladder sphincter may precipitate episodes of deliberate oral ingestion in humans. Prop victim up to 11 scale by [date]. Maintain proper body mechanics when lying down so that the behavioral states in north america scientific namemon name description atropa belladonna belladonna, deadly nightfleshy, erect stem; multibranched stem with fetid odor, yellowish owers, encapsulated seeds lycium halimifolium matrimony vine vine or shrub; bell-shaped owers; ovoid orange-red berry 986 distribution cultivated in eastern states; rarely survives in wild form coastal plains in south and west bengal, india michigan 20,000 cases of emergency equipment as appropriate: Support groups foster shared experience with this exposure. Toxicology and pharmacokinetics diet is high ...
An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine. Atropine, a naturally occurring belladonna alkaloid, is a racemic mixture of equal parts of d- and l-hyoscyamine, whose activity is due almost entirely to the levo isomer of the drug. Atropine is commonly classified as an anticholinergic or antiparasympathetic (parasympatholytic) drug. More precisely, however, it is termed an antimuscarinic agent since it antagonizes the muscarine-like actions of acetylcholine and other choline esters. Adequate doses of atropine abolish various types of reflex vagal cardiac slowing or asystole. The drug also prevents or abolishes bradycardia or asystole produced by injection of choline esters, anticholinesterase agents or other parasympathomimetic drugs, and cardiac arrest produced by stimulation of the vagus. Atropine may also lessen the degree of partial heart block when vagal activity is an etiologic factor. Atropine ...
Morell kept a medical diary of the drugs, tonics, vitamins and other substances he administered to Hitler, usually by injection or in pill form. Most were commercial preparations, some were his own. Since some of these compounds are considered toxic, many historians have speculated Morell may have contributed to Hitlers poor health. This fragmentary list of representative ingredients would have seemed somewhat less shocking during the 1940s: amphetamines, Atropa belladonna, Atropine, caffeine, chamolile, cocaine via eyedrops, E. Coli, enzymes, Eukodol (a trade name for Oxycodone), Glyconorm, Mutaflor, methamphetamine, morphine, strychnine, Oxedrine Tartrate, potassium bromide, Prophenazone, proteins, and lipids derived from animal tissues and fats, sodium barbitone, sulfonamide, testosterone, and vitamins. Morell apparently never told Hitler (or anyone else) what he was administering, other than to say that the preparations contained various vitamins and natural ingredients, though this ...
Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), also referred to as bitter nightshade, is a highly-toxic, perennial herb from the solanaceae family that also includes tomatoes, pepper and eggplants. The shrublike plant has purple-shaded, cylindrical stems with drooping, five-lobed, purple flowers. The ovate, pointed foliage is dusky green on the top with lighter undersides. Deadly nightshade grows to a full height of 3 to 5 feet and is a native of Asia, Europe and North Africa. You can use recommended herbicides or physical removal to get rid of the plant.. ...
Deadly nightshade leaf. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a section through a deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) leaf. Four chloroplasts (green) are seen across centre. Chloroplasts are the sites of photosynthesis, the process that synthesises carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water using sunlight. The pigment responsible for photosynthesis, chlorophyll, is found on stacks of parallel thylakoids (green lines) called grana. Starch grains (grey) are seen within the chloroplasts. Magnification: x10,000 when printed at 10 centimetres wide. - Stock Image C020/8525
BelladonnaGeneric Name: belladonna (bell ah DON ah)Brand Name: Belladonna Tincture, Belladonna LeafMedically reviewed by Drugs.com on Mar 8, 2019 - Written by
Belladonna containing medications, Belladonna indications and usages ATC and ICD codes, combinations with other active ingredients and trade names information from Drugs-about.com
Belladonna is a naturally occurring mixture. Belladonna produces many effects in the body, including relief from spasms of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach and intestines), the bladder, and the biliary tract. This is helpful in controlling conditions such as colitis, spastic bladder, diverticulitis, infant colic...
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Sprawdź ile zapłacisz za lek belladonna and opium rectal w aptece, znajdź tańsze zamienniki leku. Określ swoje uprawnienia i sprawdź jakie zniżki Ci przysługują.
Often some of the most deadly substances were once used for cosmetic purposes-that is, before their lethal qualities became obvious. An example of such commercial carelessness was thallium being marketed as a depilatory agent. It effectively removed unwanted hair, but it had a rather severe side effect of killing the person in the process. Belladonna,…
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Molzyme information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by FDC, Molzyme indications, usages and related health products lists
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It has a long history of use as a medicine, cosmetic, and poison. Before the Middle Ages, it was used as an anesthetic for surgery; the ancient Romans used it as a poison (the wife of Emperor Augustus and the wife of Claudius both used it to murder contemporaries); and predating this, it was used to make poison tipped arrows. The genus name "atropa" comes from Atropos, one of the three Fates in Greek mythology, and the name "bella donna" is derived from Italian and means "beautiful woman".. Belladonna tinctures, decoctions, and powders, as well as alkaloid salt mixtures, are produced for pharmaceutical use, and these are often standardised at 1037 parts hyoscyamine to 194 parts atropine and 65 parts scopolamine. The alkaloids are compounded with phenobarbital and/or kaolin and pectin for use in various functional gastrointestinal disorders. The tincture, used for identical purposes, remains in most pharmacopoeias, with a similar tincture of Datura stramonium having been in the US Pharmacopoeia ...
Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter the body uses in the parasympathetic nervous system as well as at the neuromuscular junction. Inhibiting it means that muscle contraction does not occur, or muscle relaxation will be promoted. When muscle relaxation happens in the eye, it results in dilation of the pupils. At one time it was popular for drops to be prepared from the belladonna to use in the eyes to cause pupil dilation. This was thought to be attractive. Because it can cause flushing, extracts were applied topically to the cheeks as blush to give a rosey color ...
Belladonna and Opium Suppository official prescribing information for healthcare professionals. Includes: indications, dosage, adverse reactions, pharmacology and more.
Homeopathic Belladonna indications, uses & symptoms from 12 materia medicas, linked and cross referenced. Available 4X-30X, 2C-30C, 200C, 1M-100M
The Belladonna has dull green leaves and bell-shaped flowers that are an unremarkable shade of purple, which yield black, shiny berries measuring approximately 1 cm in diameter. The berries are sweet, but most of their alkaloids are in the seed.. click to see the pictures....,.….(01)...(1).…....(2)..…….(3).……..(4)....……………... It is an herbaceous shrub, and can grow to be approximately one metre tall. The leaves have an oily, "poison ivy"-like feel and can cause vesicular pustular eruptions if handled carelessly. Many animals, such as rabbits, birds and deer, seem to eat the plant without suffering harmful effects, though dogs and cats are affected. Many reports suggest that people have been poisoned by eating animals which have previously eaten Belladonna, though this has not been verified.. Germination is often difficult due to the presence of germination inhibitors in the seeds. Belladonna is not common as a garden plant, and is considered a weed in some areas. It is not ...
Atropa belladonna is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family Solanaceae, native to Europe, North Africa, Western Asia, and some parts of Canada and the United States.
Hot flushes accompanied by palpitations and profuse sweating can be significantly reduced by taking 5 granules of Belladonna 5 CH at the onset of the first symptoms.. In the case of paroxysmal tachycardia, it is advisable to take 5 granules of Belladonna 7 CH at the moment of the attack while respecting the same dosage to prevent any recurrence of the pathology. Nevertheless, it is far preferable to stick to a prescription established by a professional, especially in case of tachycardia and hypertension.. Regarding ophthalmologic diseases, it is once again up to the practitioner to determine the frequency of intakes as well as the most suitable dilution for dealing with allergic conjunctivitis. In case of styes, the treatment consists of taking 5 granules of Belladonna 5 CH every two hours over a two-day period in order to prevent the formation of pus. Finally, while waiting for a medical consultation, relieve the symptoms linked to photophobia by taking 5 granules of Belladonna 5 CH every ...
The specific epithet belladonna means beautiful lady. Amaryllis belladonna has many common names. For example, in the United Kingdom it is known as the belladonna or Jersey Lily. In South Africa it is known as the March Lily. Here, the flower is referred to as the Naked Lady owing to the fact that the flower appears without leaves. Amaryllis belladonna has also been called St. Josephs Staff in Portugal, St. Rosalina in Sicily, and the Madonna Lily in Italy. Within the country of Spain one might hear it referred to as Meninas Para Escola, meaning girls going to school because they bloom at the beginning of the school year, when girls in pink uniforms start attending classes.. The bulb produces one or two naked stems, each of which bear a cluster of 2-12 trumpet-shaped, fragrant flowers ranging from white, pink or purple in color. The leaves remain green throughout the winter period. In summer, the leaves die back and the bulb becomes dormant. This strange phenomenon of flowering before the ...
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Hylands Teething Tablets have been recalled due to inconsistent levels of belladonna in them. The FDA states that there have been reports of serious adverse effects due to these inconsistent levels, as belladonna can be highly toxic.. This is one of those recalls I almost hate to see. I used Hylands Teething Tablets with great success on two of my children - the youngest didnt react in any way to them. No comfort, no bad reactions either. They were such a blessing with my two oldest that it was hard to recognize that for my youngest they would not be the solution to teething pain.. Hylands Teething Tablets have been used safely for decades. Are the inconsistent levels really a problem, or is the FDA being really picky?. Personally, Id like to see consistent levels, especially with the reports of adverse effects. The amount of belladonna is incredibly small, and I find it hard to imagine that theres enough to cause harmful effects, but if there are some, we need to be aware of that ...
This is a funny plant, which grows from a huge bulb. The leaves are produced in the autumn or early spring in warm climates depending on the onset of rain and eventually die down by late spring. The bulb is then dormant until late summer - they require a dry resting period between leaf growth and flower spike production. Just when you have forgotten about them and the leaves are long gone, the bulbs shoot up a deep burgundy spike topped with a cluster of 2 to 12 funnel-shaped clear pink trumpet-shaped flowers, and no leaves at all - hence the common name "Naked Ladies ...
Fevers and Inflammation Directions: Adults: Dissolve 4 tablets under tongue 4 times a day. Children: 2 tablets as above. Warnings: Do not use if cap band is missing or broken. If you are pregnant or nursing consult a licensed health care professional before using this product. If symptoms persist for 7 days or worsen, contact a licensed practitioner. To be used according to label indications and/or standard homeopathic indications. Made according to the Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States since 1903.
Visions, screaming out and desire to escape, full of fear and imaginings, sensation as if falling, and the patient clutches the air ; sometimes a stupor, which, if aroused out of, they strike people, bark and bite like a dog and are very violent ...
vocara: Austrian medicine containing sage, belladonna, laconos, lachesis, Haneman mercurius in homeopathic dilutions, and ethyl alcohol; used for respiratory tract diseases with high clinical effectiveness
The thoracic spine contains 12 medium sized vertebrae all of which form articulations (joints) with 2 opposing ribs. Like the other spinal vertebrae, the thoracic vertebrae act as attachments for muscles and ligaments in the mid spine and also encase and protect the median aspect of the spinal cord and thoracic nerve roots. Because the thoracic vertebrae form relatively strong articulations with the ribs, the mobility of the thoracic spine is less than that of the cervical and lumbar spines. However, this same characteristic also protects the thoracic spinal discs and facet joints from the wear and tear experienced by these structures in the other areas of the spine. Common vertebral problems in the thoracic spine include vertebral subluxations, a condition where the vertebrae of the thoracic spine become statically misaligned and/or function abnormally resulting in pain, muscle spasm, and sometime nerve malfunction. ...
Atropine is a tropane alkaloid, that can be extracted from the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), mandrake (Mandragora officinarum) and certain other plants. It is mainly used as a drug. Atropine can be deadly. The substance derives its name from Atropos, one of the three Fates. In Greek mythology, the Fates chose how a person was to die. Atropine is a core medicine in the World Health Organizations "Essential Drugs List", which is a list of minimum medical needs for a basic health care system.[1] The second part of the Latin name (belladonna, pretty woman) comes from the fact that it can be used to temporarily disable the eyes adaptation to light. This will lead to "big" pupils, which were considered pretty in a woman of the Renaissance. Atropine can also be used to resuscitate patients that have gone into cardiac arrest. It can also be used as an antidote to certain poison gases and insecticides. ...
Fire burn and cauldron bubble" - Macbeth IV, i. Hallucinogenic compounds called tropane alkaloids are made by a number of plants including Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade), Hyoscyamus niger (henbane), Mandragora officinarum (mandrake), and Datura stramonium (jimsonweed). During the Middle Ages, parts of these plants were used to make "brews," "oyntments," or "witches salves" for witchcraft, sorcery, and other nefarious activities. Somewhere along the line, the observation was made that the hallucinogenic compounds, hyoscine in particular, could be absorbed through sweat glands (especially in the armpit) or mucus membranes of the rectum or vagina. These routes of administration also bypassed rapid metabolism by the liver (and severe intestinal discomfort) had these extracts been taken orally.. Broomsticks ...
Hyoscyamine (also known as daturine) is a tropane alkaloid. It is a secondary metabolite found in certain plants of the family Solanaceae, including henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), mandrake (Mandragora officinarum), jimsonweed (Datura stramonium), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna). It is the levorotary isomer of atropine (third of the three major nightshade alkaloids) and thus sometimes known as levo-atropine. Brand names for hyoscyamine include Symax, HyoMax, Anaspaz, Egazil, Buwecon, Cystospaz, Levsin, Levbid, Levsinex, Donnamar, NuLev, Spacol T/S and Neoquess. Hyoscyamine is an antagonist of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (antimuscarinic). It blocks the action of acetylcholine at parasympathetic sites in sweat glands, salivary glands, stomach secretions, heart muscle, sinoatrial node, smooth muscle in the gastrointestinal tract, and the central nervous system. It increases cardiac output and heart rate, lowers blood pressure and dries secretions. It may ...
Hi David, The intergeneric cross between Hippeastrum and Amaryllis has been attempted many times in the past 2 centuries without any apparent success. While these genera have the same basic Chromosome count 2N= 22, Ive read a couple of papers comparing the DNA of Hippeastrum species with Amaryllis belladonna where it is reported that there are significant differences in the total chromosome volume and nuclear DNA with A.?belladonna having significantly larger DNA content and possesses a karyotype different from that of Hippeastrum spp. The two genera are similar in general vegetative and floral morphology, but they have important differences in the internal anatomy of leaves, bulbs, and roots and also some significant karyological differences between the two genera. There is probably more hope in crossing Hippeastrums with Crinums for most Crinum species also have the chromosome count of 2N = 22. Cheers Jim Lykos ----- Original Message ----- From: David Maxwell To: [email protected] Sent: ...
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today is warning consumers that Hylands Teething Tablets may pose a risk to children, according to an FDA release forwarded by Mono County Public Health Officer Richard Johnson. The FDA recommends that consumers not use this product and dispose of any in their possession. The manufacturer is issuing a recall of this product. The FDA laboratory analysis found that Hylands Teething Tablets contain inconsistent amounts of belladonna. The FDA has also received reports of serious adverse events in children taking this product that are consistent with belladonna toxicity, as well as . reports of children who consumed more tablets than recommended, because the containers do not have child resistant caps.. The FDA advises consumers to consult their health care professional if their child experiences symptoms such as seizures, difficulty breathing, lethargy, excessive sleepiness, muscle weakness, skin flushing, constipation, difficulty urinating, or agitation after ...
The amaryllis plant is a member of the belladonna family. This impressive flowering plant is a favorite for the Easter and Christmas holiday seasons. The plant is easily grown from a large bulb. Children and adults find that growing the plant is a fascinating endeavor. The anatomy of an amaryllis plant allows it to ...
At UC San Francisco, we encourage our students to approach health care issues with critical thinking and a spirit of inquiry. As tomorrows health and science leaders in training, UCSF students embody our passion for improving the human condition and pushing health care forward.. ...
Hedge Witch Flying Ointment is used for love magic due to its euphoric and aphrodisiac properties and is very powerful for all types of spellwork. It can also be used for divination and astral travel. It can also help with pain relief, mood elevation, and increase in libido. This product contains European Mandrake Root (Mandragora officinarum), Belladonna (Atropa belladonna), and Datura (Datura innoxia.) Use with caution. Skin test first. Use the mini spatula with a pea sized amount of the ointment and rub onto the wrists, wait 30 minutes and reapply as comfortable. Effects can last 4-6 hours. If any adverse reaction or skin irritation occurs, immediately wash the area with cold water and soap ...
The Alnwick Garden was first laid down in 1750 by the 1st Duke of Northumberland.. The Poison Garden was added to the main garden in February 2005. Species of the Poison Garden include Strychnos nux-vomica (source of strychnine), hemlock, Ricinus communis (source of harmless castor oil but also deadly ricin), foxglove, Atropa belladonna (commonly called Deadly Nightshade), Brugmansia and Laburnum. The mission of the Poison Garden also includes drug education, with featured plantings of cannabis, coca and the opium poppy Papaver somniferum.. Check this tour video to hear more stories about these killer plants.. ...
Your pain relief product should also include Belladonna. This magical ingredient works wonders in soothing down pain, swellings and muscle twitches.. The above natural herbs have the ability to treat migraines quickly. Because each of these herbs has a different role to play within pain relieving, the best cure for migraine would be to get yourself a product which contains all these ingredients in one. Studies have also shown that such a product in the form of a cream produces one of the best results in treating migraine and a big advantage that comes with it is its zero side-effects.. Proven Natural Ingredients. Migraine, of course, is a very complicated condition. Without proper cure, migraine becomes very difficult to diagnose.. Thankfully, research has shown that treatments containing natural ingredients like Belladonna, Ignatia, Naja and phosphorous have the ability to get rid of migraine. The cure for migraine is now made possible, therefore, improving the quality of life for many ...
I could barely turn around without noticing some ridiculously cute thing Bella was doing. I was paralyzed: How was I supposed to accomplish anything when I had to run for the camera every 10 minutes to snap the latest Bella antics?. But I endured. After I finally got my desk built and my computer set up, I was ready to get back to work. I checked my email and caught up on Facebook, and just as I was about to begin writing, who should show up in my lap and drape herself over my arm like a blanket? Yup, thats right: Belladonna Moonshadow Kelley herself.. ...
Hylands baby teething tablets have been recalled, the FDA announced. The tablets contain inconsistent amounts of belladonna alkaloids that might differ from product labels.
Deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, yields tropane alkaloids including atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine. Anthraquinone ... ISBN 978-0-444-52736-3. "Atropa Belladonna" (PDF). The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products. 1998. ...
"Atropa Belladonna" (PDF). The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products. 1998. Retrieved 26 February 2017. Yin, ... Deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, yields tropane alkaloids including atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine. Anthraquinone ...
Tropanes: The term "tropane" comes from a genus in which they are found, Atropa (the belladonna genus). Atropa is named after ... "The Plant List, Atropa". Royal Botanic Garden, Kew. Mace, E. S.; Gebhardt, C. G.; Lester, R. N. (1999). "AFLP analysis of ... The three antipodes are usually ephemeral or persistent as in the case of Atropa. The fruit can be a berry as in the case of ... They are found in plants such as the henbane (Hyoscyamus albus), belladonna (Atropa belladonna), datura or jimson (Datura ...
Pingasa atropa Prout, 1935. *Pingasa attenuans Walker, 1860. *Pingasa austrina Prout, 1917 ...
Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade). *Brugmansia species. *Datura species. *Garrya species. *Hyoscyamus niger (henbane) ...
... the toxicity of Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade); various pigmented substances in the blood (including porphyrins); the ...
... atropa (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.905.049.222 --- atropa belladonna (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ...
rare) Atropa bella-donna L. - (declining) Staphylea colchica Stev. - (rare) Staphylea pinnata L. - (rare) Daphne altaica Pall ...
... atropine is isolated from the plant Atropa belladonna; strychnine is obtained from the seed of the Strychnine tree (Strychnos ... "daughter of Atropa (belladonna)": Development of Systematic Names for the Simple Alkanes Archived 2012-03-16 at the Wayback ...
Such variability and wide distribution bear comparison with those of a much better-known Solanaceous plant : Atropa belladonna ... including not only the hyoscyamine and scopolamine present also in better-known Solanaceous genera such as Atropa, Hyoscyamus ... 452-3 http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/search?q=Atropa. ...
Banewort - Ranunculus flammula or Atropa belladonna Barrenwort - Epimedium, especially Epimedium alpinum. Bearwort - Meum ...
... is a tropane alkaloid found in a variety of plants including Datura and Atropa belladonna. It is closely related in ... "Isolation and identification of littorine from hairy roots of Atropa belladonna". Plant Cell Reports. 18 (3-4): 249-251. doi: ...
Flower of Atropa belladonna in close-up, showing curled stamens Atropa belladonna in fruit : ripe and unripe berries Atropa ... The fruit of the remaining genus Atropa is a glossy, juicy berry, making Atropa species especially dangerous poisonous plants, ... was of the opinion that Pauia should be subsumed in Atropa. The plant resembles the Indian Atropa acuminata, but differs from ... Furthermore, the genera Atropa, Hyoscyamus, Scopolia and Physochlaina have furnished entheogens - the first three in the ...
One of the herbs used was the nightshade Atropa belladonna for cholicspasms. The drug atropine has been extracted from this ...
Atropa belladonna, Mandragora officinarum, and many more. The name Datura is taken from Hindi धतूरा dhatūra 'thorn-apple', ...
... including Atropa belladonna. The biosynthesis of these compounds is thought to take place via the tropane alkaloid pathway, the ... well known as one of the active principles present in the notoriously toxic nightshades Hyoscyamus niger and Atropa belladonna ...
It is also an antidote for Atropa belladonna poisoning, the same as for atropine. It has been also used as an antidote for ...
Known as the Belladonna Cure, it contained belladonna (Atropa belladonna) and henbane (Hyoscyamus niger). These plants contain ...
The pills active ingredients consisted primarily of Atropine (an extract of Atropa belladonna) and strychnine. Lambert, Angela ...
... and Atropa belladonna". Israel Journal of Plant Sciences. 50 (1): 127-134. doi:10.1560/9J1P-6GCQ-M375-51P4 ...
Hyoscyamos niger and Atropa belladonna". International Congress Series. 1242: 43-50. doi:10.1016/S0531-5131(02)00699-4. ...
Berries of Atropa belladonna, also called deadly nightshade. Without specific knowledge of their cellular actions or mechanisms ...
The formula[clarification needed] for Towns-Lambert cure was the deliriant, Atropa belladonna, also called deadly nightshade. ...
The herb Atropa belladonna has had an important meaning in the legend and symbology of the Akelarre. Hallucinogens were ...
Within Atropa belladonna atropine synthesis has been found to take place primarily in the root of the plant. The concentration ...
Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl). Also listed as: Atropa belladonna. Related terms. ... Atropa belladonna, atropa belladonna-AE, beladona, belladone, belladonnae herbae pulvis standardisatus, belladonna herbum, ... Table of Contents , Herbs & Supplements , Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl) ... Bimodal dose-dependent effect on autonomic, cardiac control after oral administration of Atropa belladonna. Auton Neurosci 2001 ...
Atropa Belladonna Extract from 100% Natural Belladonna Extract Powder Atropa Belladonna Extract - Wuxi Gorunjie Natural-Pharma ... Natural Belladonna Extract Powder Atropa Belladonna Extract, Find details about China Belladonna Extract, ... Belladonna Extract, Atropa Belladonna Extract, Good Health manufacturer / supplier in China, offering 100% Natural Belladonna ... Extract Powder Atropa Belladonna Extract, Pure Rebaudioside Powder, Sexual Enhancement Tribulus Terrestris Extract (sponins20%- ...