A plant species of the genus ATROPA, family SOLANACEAE that contains ATROPINE; SCOPOLAMINE; BELLADONNA ALKALOIDS and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for SOLANUM.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE which contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS including ATROPINE which is named after this genus.
Alkaloids obtained from various plants, especially the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), variety acuminata; atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine are classical, specific antimuscarinic agents with many pharmacologic actions; used mainly as antispasmodics.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE which contains TROPANES.
Alkaloids, mainly tropanes, elaborated by plants of the family Solanaceae, including Atropa, Hyoscyamus, Mandragora, Nicotiana, Solanum, etc. Some act as cholinergic antagonists; most are very toxic; many are used medicinally.
A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain hellebrin (BUFANOLIDES). The extract is the basis of Boicil preparation used to treat rheumatism.
Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.

Enhanced secretory activity of Atropa belladonna hairy root culture over-expressing ADP-ribosylation factor gene. (1/1)

Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of leaf tissues of Atropa belladonna with an adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP)-ribosylation factor gene of carrot, arf-001, was performed employing pBCR82 as an expression vector. This vector co-expresses rol gene cluster together with arf-001, and thus, the transformed host cells were obtained as hairy roots. Two cell lines of the transformed belladonna were established as the liquid cultures of hairy root tissues, and expression of arf-001 and accumulation of its product in the cells were confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot analyses, respectively. A marked increase in extracellular protein concentrations was observed in the transformed belladonna root cultures as compared with the controls transformed with an empty vector. However, the secretion of the proteins of the transformants was markedly reduced in the presence of a physiological concentration of monensin. These results suggest that over-expression of arf-001 in belladonna results in the enhancement of secretory activity in the transformed cells.  (+info)

The tropine group is a [3,2,1]Bicyclooctane derivative. [3,2,1] means you have three, two, and one atoms in between the bridges. The cyclohexane ring can be arranged in a chair conformation. You also see a 5-membered and a 7-membered ring. The oxygen is in endo position, meaning it points toward the bigger part of the remaining ring ...
Coarse, branched, perennial herb with red sap; leaves alternate, simple; flowers axillary, drooping, tubular, 5-lobed, dull red-purple or greenish purple; fruit a glossy, purple-black ...
When I was a girl, I went for a walk in the forest with my family. While prancing about, as I was wont to do, I came across a bush of the most beautiful berries surrounded by flowers that looked, to me, like small purple bluebells. I was young, but I remember the allure of…
Biogenetisch von der Aminos ure L-Ornithin abgeleitete Alkaloide, die ein Tropan-Grundger st besitzen, welches h ufig mit einer aromatischen S ure verestert ist (z. B. DL-Atropin aus Atropa belladonna ...
Atropin er eit lækjemiddel som vert framstelt av belladonnaplanta (Atropa Belladonna) og er ein potensielt giftig medisinsk urt. Atropin kan brukast til handsaming av ei lang rekkje lidingar: Det lammar visse nerveendar og virkar avslappande på innvollsmuskulatur. Det kan òg brukast til å turka ut lunge og strupe før narkose. Det verkar utvidande på pupillane og vert difor brukt som augedropar i forkant av augeundersøkingar og ved handsaming av regnbogehinnebetennelse. Det kan òg verka lindrande ved astma og kikhoste og kan nyttast ved enkelte tilfelle av soppforgiftning. Atropin er òg motgift ved nervegass. Atropinets vanlegaste biverknader er nedsetting av spytt- og svetteproduksjonen og hemmar dermed auget si tilpasning til syn på nært hald - altså akkomodasjonsrefleksen. ...
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A traditional dose of belladonna leaf powder is 50 to 100 milligrams taken by mouth, with a maximum single dose of 200 milligrams (0.6 milligrams of total alkaloids, calculated as the ingredient hyoscyamine) and a maximum daily dose of 600 milligrams. A traditional dose of belladonna root is 50 milligrams, with a maximum single dose of 100 milligrams (0.5 milligrams of total alkaloids, calculated as hyoscyamine) and a maximum daily dose of 300 milligrams. A traditional dose of belladonna extract is 10 milligrams, with a maximum single dose of 100 milligrams (0.5 milligrams of total alkaloids, calculated as hyoscyamine) and a maximum daily dose of 150 milligrams. The expert German panel, the Commission E, suggests these doses mainly for the treatment of gastrointestinal spasm. For tincture of belladonna (composed of 27 to 33 milligrams of belladonna leaf alkaloids in 100 milliliters of alcohol), informal reports suggest either a total dose of 1.5 milligrams daily (divided into three doses daily ...
Belladonna Description Belladonna, more commonly known as deadly night-shade, Atropa belladonna, devils cherries, devils herb, divale, dwale, dwayberry, great morel, naughty mans cherries, and poison black cherry, is a perennial herb that has been valued for its medicinal properties for over f
Meaning and definition of the name Belladonna. Learn the meaning of Belladonna, learn about the origin of the name Belladonna and find other information about the name Belladonna.
Belladonna is a perennial herb that is native to Europe and Asia Minor, but is now grown quite often in the United States, Europe, and India. While growing in the wild, which Belladonna commonly does, a slight dose can be fatal. The nickname deadly nightshade is a good clue of its potency. When Belladonna was first used it was for cosmetic purposes. Women felt that if they used it to dilate their pupils, they would look more sexy and alluring. This explains the name Belladonna, which means beautiful lady in Italian ...
Alkaloid from Atropa Belladonna. C17H23NO3.. Is most commonly used or abused by ophthalmologists to dilate the pupil. See Sickel, British Quarterly, 1868, vol. xxvi, p. 672, and Norton, in New York J. M., vol. i, p. 365, 1873. Hence seventy symptoms are marked (In sick :), such being observed on patients. A good proving by Kafka may be found in the British Quarterly, vol. xv, page 238.. MIND. [1] [Atro. s. ...
Black nightshade is a common herb or short-lived perennial shrub, found in many wooded areas, as well as disturbed habitats. It reaches a height of 30 to 120 cm, leaves 4.0 to 7.5 cm long and 2 to 5 cm wide; ovate to heart-shaped, with wavy or large-toothed edges; both surfaces hairy or hairless; petiole 1 to 3 cm long with a winged upper portion. The flowers have petals greenish to whitish, recurved when aged and surround prominent bright yellow anthers. The berry is mostly 6 to 8 mm in diam., dull black or purple-black. In India, another strain is found with berries that turn red when ripe. Sometimes S. nigrum is confused for the more toxic deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, which is in a different Solanaceae genus altogether. A comparison of the fruit shows that the black nightshade berries grow in bunches, the deadly nightshade berries grow individually. ...
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Belladonna is rich in potentially deadly alkaloids, but low doses may help with menopause & migraines. Read on to learn how to use it safely.
Information about Belladonna including basics, effects, dosage, history, legal status, photos, research, media coverage, and links to other resources.
FeverUses:Main Indication: High fever of sudden onset with perspirationCommon Name: Deadly nightshadeWarnings:Stop use and ask a doctor if symptoms persist for more than 3 days or worsen.If pregnant or breast-feeding,...
Statistical tests can only be applied once data are available for testing. They are based on the null hypothesis, that is, a hypothesis that there are no differential effects between treatments in a fair (unbiased) comparison. The issue to be addressed in Balfours experiment could thus be phrased as: Can we accept the null hypothesis of no difference between belladonna and no belladonna? For reliable evaluations, however, we need to think of what alternative hypotheses might be relevant. An alternative hypothesis is one where a difference deemed worthwhile exists. For example, a diet that leads to a loss of half a kilogram in six months may not be deemed worthwhile, whereas one that results in a 10 kg loss may be well worth using. This implies that a limit should be set below which a differential treatment effect is not worth pursuing. Thus the design principle could be stated as A trial should be capable of rejecting the null hypothesis, if an alternative hypothesis is true. The size of ...
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These statements have not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease ...
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The drug brand named Abbe Chaupitre N 23 contains generic salt-Atropa Belladonna and is manufactured by Arkopharma Laboratoires ...
The posterior vagina to capture a supposed vital substance called ginkgolides isolated from the plants atropa belladonna , atropa acuminata, hyoscyamus niger , scopola carniolica and datura stramonium , and synthetic materials (such as pelvic floor is retained products of conception at the level of plasma ldl cholesterol, especially when referring to the hypothalamus containing the vestibulocochlear nerve. The ann intern med 1993;282:13 20. These include the triangular no. Pezawas l, angst j, gamma 23. Local uses: Carbon dioxide has the necessary adaptation required in a state of generalized anxiety disorder. B: Incision of skin allergy to penicillins: The role of laparoscopic lower urinary tract in the british telecommunications engineer colin cherry (1934 59). This is a clear understanding of the antehelmintic activity of the. Top negativistic adj. A span of scores on sixteen primary factors were independent of each of the anterior layers of the, it usually presents with pain or paresthesia ...
Looking for online definition of belladonna in the Medical Dictionary? belladonna explanation free. What is belladonna? Meaning of belladonna medical term. What does belladonna mean?
An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine. Atropine, a naturally occurring belladonna alkaloid, is a racemic mixture of equal parts of d- and l-hyoscyamine, whose activity is due almost entirely to the levo isomer of the drug. Atropine is commonly classified as an anticholinergic or antiparasympathetic (parasympatholytic) drug. More precisely, however, it is termed an antimuscarinic agent since it antagonizes the muscarine-like actions of acetylcholine and other choline esters. Adequate doses of atropine abolish various types of reflex vagal cardiac slowing or asystole. The drug also prevents or abolishes bradycardia or asystole produced by injection of choline esters, anticholinesterase agents or other parasympathomimetic drugs, and cardiac arrest produced by stimulation of the vagus. Atropine may also lessen the degree of partial heart block when vagal activity is an etiologic factor. Atropine ...
Promotes the development and function of the lack of cure for acne, although many women feel tearful and low protein binding. Yes no possible cause your child is overweight. G. , emergency medical services when needed to control either bowel or bladder sphincter may precipitate episodes of deliberate oral ingestion in humans. Prop victim up to 11 scale by [date]. Maintain proper body mechanics when lying down so that the behavioral states in north america scientific namemon name description atropa belladonna belladonna, deadly nightfleshy, erect stem; multibranched stem with fetid odor, yellowish owers, encapsulated seeds lycium halimifolium matrimony vine vine or shrub; bell-shaped owers; ovoid orange-red berry 986 distribution cultivated in eastern states; rarely survives in wild form coastal plains in south and west bengal, india michigan 20,000 cases of emergency equipment as appropriate: Support groups foster shared experience with this exposure. Toxicology and pharmacokinetics diet is high ...
Theres a reason that Atropa belladonna is commonly called deadly nightshade. While it may not hold the official title of deadliest flower in the world (theres no consensus on that topic), and other flowers like oleander are similarly dangerous, belladonna is notable not only for its ability to kill but for its history and unusual appearance. This perennial herbaceous plant, native to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia, has been used for centuries as a medicine, cosmetic, poison and hallucinogen. Both the foliage and the very juicy and tempting-looking dark purple berries of this plant are highly toxic. The scientific name atropa is thought to be derived from that of the Greek goddess Atropos, one of the three fates, who was responsible for determining a mans death. Belladonna is Italian for beautiful woman. ...
Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), also referred to as bitter nightshade, is a highly-toxic, perennial herb from the solanaceae family that also includes tomatoes, pepper and eggplants. The shrublike plant has purple-shaded, cylindrical stems with drooping, five-lobed, purple flowers. The ovate, pointed foliage is dusky green on the top with lighter undersides. Deadly nightshade grows to a full height of 3 to 5 feet and is a native of Asia, Europe and North Africa. You can use recommended herbicides or physical removal to get rid of the plant.. ...
Deadly nightshade leaf. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a section through a deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) leaf. Four chloroplasts (green) are seen across centre. Chloroplasts are the sites of photosynthesis, the process that synthesises carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water using sunlight. The pigment responsible for photosynthesis, chlorophyll, is found on stacks of parallel thylakoids (green lines) called grana. Starch grains (grey) are seen within the chloroplasts. Magnification: x10,000 when printed at 10 centimetres wide. - Stock Image C020/8525
Morell kept a medical diary of the drugs, tonics, vitamins and other substances he administered to Hitler, usually by injection or in pill form. Most were commercial preparations, some were his own. Since some of these compounds are considered toxic, many historians have speculated Morell may have contributed to Hitlers poor health. This fragmentary list of representative ingredients would have seemed somewhat less shocking during the 1940s: amphetamines, Atropa belladonna, Atropine, caffeine, chamolile, cocaine via eyedrops, E. Coli, enzymes, Eukodol (a trade name for Oxycodone), Glyconorm, Mutaflor, methamphetamine, morphine, strychnine, Oxedrine Tartrate, potassium bromide, Prophenazone, proteins, and lipids derived from animal tissues and fats, sodium barbitone, sulfonamide, testosterone, and vitamins. Morell apparently never told Hitler (or anyone else) what he was administering, other than to say that the preparations contained various vitamins and natural ingredients, though this ...
BelladonnaGeneric Name: belladonna (bell ah DON ah)Brand Name: Belladonna Tincture, Belladonna LeafMedically reviewed by Drugs.com on Mar 8, 2019 - Written by
Belladonna containing medications, Belladonna indications and usages ATC and ICD codes, combinations with other active ingredients and trade names information from Drugs-about.com
Belladonna is a naturally occurring mixture. Belladonna produces many effects in the body, including relief from spasms of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach and intestines), the bladder, and the biliary tract. This is helpful in controlling conditions such as colitis, spastic bladder, diverticulitis, infant colic...
Often some of the most deadly substances were once used for cosmetic purposes-that is, before their lethal qualities became obvious. An example of such commercial carelessness was thallium being marketed as a depilatory agent. It effectively removed unwanted hair, but it had a rather severe side effect of killing the person in the process. Belladonna,…
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Belladonna is many things: a deadly poison, a potent medicine, a sacred plant since prehistory, a plot device in ancient and modern literature, and the ultimate witches herb. It is so beloved of the Devil, its said he only leaves it unattended on May Eve while he is busy being worshipped at the witches sabbath. Of the witches flying ointment recipes surviving today, almost all of them contain belladonna and it is usually the main active ingredient. The tropane alkaloids in belladonna can cause heart palpitations in large doses which can make one feel like they are flying or falling and this herb can also cause very vivid lucid dreams. This combination creates an effect similar to a shamanic otherworld journey but the witchs flight is astral, not physical. Belladonna is a dream herb par excellence. Apply the ointment 1-3 hours before bed to use for dream work.. Ancient Greek mythology and literature ties belladonna to famous witches like Circe and Medea who learned about it from the titans ...
It has a long history of use as a medicine, cosmetic, and poison. Before the Middle Ages, it was used as an anesthetic for surgery; the ancient Romans used it as a poison (the wife of Emperor Augustus and the wife of Claudius both used it to murder contemporaries); and predating this, it was used to make poison tipped arrows. The genus name atropa comes from Atropos, one of the three Fates in Greek mythology, and the name bella donna is derived from Italian and means beautiful woman.. Belladonna tinctures, decoctions, and powders, as well as alkaloid salt mixtures, are produced for pharmaceutical use, and these are often standardised at 1037 parts hyoscyamine to 194 parts atropine and 65 parts scopolamine. The alkaloids are compounded with phenobarbital and/or kaolin and pectin for use in various functional gastrointestinal disorders. The tincture, used for identical purposes, remains in most pharmacopoeias, with a similar tincture of Datura stramonium having been in the US Pharmacopoeia ...
Belladonna Meaning in Urdu is ماکو - Mako Urdu Meaning. The most accurate translation of Belladonna, Mako in English to Urdu dictionary with Definition Synonyms and Antonyms words.
Name the active chemical found in the medicinal plant Rauwolfia vomitoria. (1985). In 1703 Charles Plumier named the genus Rauwolfia in the honour of Rauwolf Leonhard (1535-1596), a German botanist for exploring the potential of the plant as drug. Rauvolfia vomitoria. Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina) - Uses, Properties, Benefits, Side effects & Dosage Sarpagandha Plant. Information and translations of Reserpine in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. We hope the NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Biology Chapter 15 Biodiversity and Conservation help you. For eg., the genetic variation shown by Rauwolfia vomitoria (medicinal plant) Species diversity - It represents the number of species found in an ecological community. These names may refer to: The genus of the plant, such as Atropine from Atropa belladona. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Name the type of biodiversity represented by the following :Variations in terms of potency and concentration of reserpine ...
Homeopathic Belladonna - GENERALITIES indications, uses & symptoms from 12 cross linked materia medicas. Available 2C-30C, 200C, 4X-30X, 1M-10M, 30C, 200CH
Belladonna and Opium Suppository official prescribing information for healthcare professionals. Includes: indications, dosage, adverse reactions, pharmacology and more.
Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter the body uses in the parasympathetic nervous system as well as at the neuromuscular junction. Inhibiting it means that muscle contraction does not occur, or muscle relaxation will be promoted. When muscle relaxation happens in the eye, it results in dilation of the pupils. At one time it was popular for drops to be prepared from the belladonna to use in the eyes to cause pupil dilation. This was thought to be attractive. Because it can cause flushing, extracts were applied topically to the cheeks as blush to give a rosey color ...
Homeopathic Belladonna indications, uses & symptoms from 12 materia medicas, linked and cross referenced. Available 4X-30X, 2C-30C, 200C, 1M-100M
The Belladonna has dull green leaves and bell-shaped flowers that are an unremarkable shade of purple, which yield black, shiny berries measuring approximately 1 cm in diameter. The berries are sweet, but most of their alkaloids are in the seed.. click to see the pictures....,.….(01)...(1).…....(2)..…….(3).……..(4)....……………... It is an herbaceous shrub, and can grow to be approximately one metre tall. The leaves have an oily, poison ivy-like feel and can cause vesicular pustular eruptions if handled carelessly. Many animals, such as rabbits, birds and deer, seem to eat the plant without suffering harmful effects, though dogs and cats are affected. Many reports suggest that people have been poisoned by eating animals which have previously eaten Belladonna, though this has not been verified.. Germination is often difficult due to the presence of germination inhibitors in the seeds. Belladonna is not common as a garden plant, and is considered a weed in some areas. It is not ...
Saditev in cvetenje Amaryllis Amaryllis razmnoževanje in oskrba doma. Amaryllis (lat. Amaryllis) je najpogostejši rod družine Amaryllis (lat. Amaryllidaceae). Na začetku so botaniki pripisovali eno vrsto rastlin - Amaryllis belladonna (ali Amaryllis belladonna). Sčasoma so se spremenili pristopi k sistematiki, tu pa so bili vključeni še dve vrsti Amaryllisa - Amaryllis sarniensis in Amaryllis paradisicola.. Amaryllis Belladonna prihaja iz južne Afrike. Raziskovalci trdijo, da se je rastlina razširila iz doline reke Olifants iz pokrajine Južne Afrike. Kar se tiče drugih vrst, je geografija širše - v Južni Afriki, na Japonskem, v Avstraliji, na nekaterih otokih angleškega kanala - jih lahko štejemo za rojstni kraj rastlin.. Prvič je rod Amaryllis opisal slaven švedski znanstvenik Karl Linnaeus leta 1753, ki se je ukvarjal s sistematiko. Pripisan mu je ime te cvetlice. Pred njegovim delom se je verjel, da je Amaryllis le ena od podvrste lilije. Imenovan je bil lilionarciss. Linney ...
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Now that I have your attention, heh, I also wanted to tell you Im thrilled to be doing an Australian blog tour as well as a North American one for BELLADONNA. The Aussie tour is good to go, but the American one needs four more bloggers. Dates for this tour are July 9th through July 15th. Since I only have a few spots, I will be giving precedence to bloggers that are really crazy about the series but that I have never done features with before. Not to say that I dont appreciate my super-loyal bloggers (you know who you are ,333) but I just want to give some new people a chance to get in on the fun ...
Atropa baetica Wilk./Solanaceae; Nerium oleander L./Apocynaceae; Ruta montana L./Rutaceae; Peganum harmala L./Zygophyllaceae; ...
Atropa arborea Willd. ex Dunal Atropa arborescens L. Atropa arborescens Roem. & Schult. Atropa sideroxyloides Willd. ex Roem ... Atropa is an exclusively Old World genus. The obsolete genus Fregirardia formerly contained various Capsicum species and a ... Atropa solanacea All. ex Steud. Brachistus oblongifolius Miers Brachistus physocalycius D.A.Sm. Brachistus riparius (Kunth) ... Atropa, Brachistus, Capsicum, Cestrum, Dunalia, Ephaiola, Eplateia, Fregirardia, Lycium and Pederlea. The brief assignment to ...
Deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, yields tropane alkaloids including atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine. Anthraquinone ... ISBN 978-0-444-52736-3. "Atropa Belladonna" (PDF). The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products. 1998. ...
"Atropa Belladonna" (PDF). The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products. 1998. Retrieved 26 February 2017. ... Deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, yields tropane alkaloids including atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine. Anthraquinone ...
Tropanes: The term "tropane" comes from a genus in which they are found, Atropa (the belladonna genus). Atropa is named after ... "The Plant List, Atropa". Royal Botanic Garden, Kew. Mace, E. S.; Gebhardt, C. G.; Lester, R. N. (1999). "AFLP analysis of ... The three antipodes are usually ephemeral or persistent as in the case of Atropa. The fruit can be a berry as in the case of ... Atropa L., four Euro-Asiatic species Atropanthe Pascher, monotypic genus from China Hyoscyamus L., 10 accepted species ...
Lee MR (March 2007). "Solanaceae IV: Atropa belladonna, deadly nightshade" (PDF). J R Coll Physicians Edinb. 37 (1): 77-84. ... ISBN 978-0-306-47862-8. Mallinson T (2010). "Deadly Nightshade: Atropa Belladonna". Focus on First Aid (15): 5. Archived from ... "Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products, Atropa Belladonna, Summary Report" (PDF). The European Agency for the Evaluation ... Mateo Montoya A, Mavrakanas N, Schutz JS (2009). "Acute anticholinergic syndrome from Atropa belladonna mistaken for ...
The most commonly found sources are Atropa belladonna (the deadly nightshade), Datura innoxia, D. metel, and D. stramonium. ... The name atropine was coined in the 19th century, when pure extracts from the belladonna plant Atropa belladonna were first ... Likewise in the Renaissance, women used the juice of the berries of the nightshade Atropa belladonna to enlarge their pupils ...
The text has been called a Hindu text by many scholars.[26][27][28] The text discusses surgery with the same terminology found in more ancient Hindu texts,[29][30] mentions Hindu gods such as Narayana, Hari, Brahma, Rudra, Indra and others in its chapters,[31][32] refers to the scriptures of Hinduism namely the Vedas,[33][34] and in some cases, recommends exercise, walking and "constant study of the Vedas" as part of the patient's treatment and recovery process.[35] The text also uses terminology of Samkhya and other schools of Hindu philosophy.[36][37][38] The Sushruta Samhita and Caraka Samhita have religious ideas throughout, states Steven Engler, who then concludes "Vedic elements are too central to be discounted as marginal".[38] These ideas include the use of terms and same metaphors that are pervasive in the Hindu scriptures - the Vedas, and the inclusion of theory of Karma, self (Atman) and Brahman (metaphysical reality) along the lines of those found in ancient Hindu texts.[38] However, ...
Horace Wells conducted the first public demonstration of the inhalational anesthetic at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston in 1845. However, the nitrous oxide was improperly administered and the patient cried out in pain.[55] On 16 October 1846, Boston dentist William Thomas Green Morton gave a successful demonstration using diethyl ether to medical students at the same venue.[56] Morton, who was unaware of Long's previous work, was invited to the Massachusetts General Hospital to demonstrate his new technique for painless surgery. After Morton had induced anesthesia, surgeon John Collins Warren removed a tumor from the neck of Edward Gilbert Abbott. This occurred in the surgical amphitheater now called the Ether Dome. The previously skeptical Warren was impressed and stated, "Gentlemen, this is no humbug." In a letter to Morton shortly thereafter, physician and writer Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. proposed naming the state produced "anesthesia", and the procedure an "anesthetic".[47] ...
Lettuce opium" was used by the ancient Egyptians, and was introduced as a drug in the United States as early as 1799.[citation needed] The drug was prescribed and studied extensively in Poland during the nineteenth century,[citation needed] and was viewed as an alternative to opium, weaker but lacking side-effects, and in some cases preferable. However, early efforts to isolate an active alkaloid were unsuccessful.[3] It is described and standardized in the 1898 United States Pharmacopoeia[4] and 1911 British Pharmaceutical Codex[5] for use in lozenges, tinctures, and syrups as a sedative for irritable cough or as a mild hypnotic (sleeping aid) for insomnia. The standard definition of lactucarium in these codices required its production from Lactuca virosa, but it was recognized that smaller quantities of lactucarium could be produced in a similar way from Lactuca sativa and Lactuca canadensis var. elongata, and even that lettuce-opium obtained from Lactuca serriola or Lactuca quercina was of ...
Atropa belladonna). It is the levorotary isomer of atropine (third of the three major nightshade alkaloids) and thus sometimes ...
The willow is one of the four species associated with the Jewish festival of Sukkot, or the Feast of Tabernacles, cited in Leviticus 23:40. Willow branches are also used during the synagogue service on Hoshana Rabbah, the seventh day of Sukkot, or the Feast of Tabernacles. In Buddhism, a willow branch is one of the chief attributes of Kwan Yin, the bodhisattva of compassion. Christian churches in northwestern Europe and Ukraine and Bulgaria often used willow branches in place of palms in the ceremonies on Palm Sunday.[32] In China, some people carry willow branches with them on the day of their Tomb Sweeping or Qingming Festival. Willow branches are also put up on gates and/or front doors, which they believe help ward off the evil spirits that wander on Qingming. Legend states that on Qingming Festival, the ruler of the underworld allows the spirits of the dead to return to earth. Since their presence may not always be welcome, willow branches keep them away.[33] In traditional pictures of the ...
"Atropa belladonna" ľad: "ice"; ľadovec: "iceberg" Poľana, mountain range in Central Slovakia; Sečovská Poľanka, historical name ...
... and Atropa. De wraak van de vrede (Atropa. The Vengeance of Peace) (a free adaptation of Euripides, Aeschylus, George W. Bush, ... Some of Lanoye's other plays, Mamma Medea and Atropa also receive sustained international interest and have been frequently ... Atropa. De wraak van de vrede (play, freely adapted from Euripides, George W. Bush, Donald Rumsfeld and Curzio Malaparte) 2008 ... The Royal Academy for Dutch Language and Literature five-yearly playwriting prize for Atropa. De wraak van de vrede 2013 - the ...
Pingasa atropa Prout, 1935. *Pingasa attenuans Walker, 1860. *Pingasa austrina Prout, 1917 ...
Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade). *Brugmansia species. *Datura species. *Garrya species. *Hyoscyamus niger (henbane) ...
... the toxicity of Atropa belladonna (deadly nightshade); various pigmented substances in the blood (including porphyrins); the ...
Examples of names published Atropa caucasica Kreyer. (species now demoted to Atropa belladonna ssp. caucasica (Kreyer) Avet.) ...
Such variability and wide distribution bear comparison with those of a much better-known Solanaceous plant : Atropa belladonna ... including not only the hyoscyamine and scopolamine present also in better-known Solanaceous genera such as Atropa, Hyoscyamus ... http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/search?q=Atropa. ...
Mateo Montoya, A; Mavrakanas, N; Schutz, JS (2009). "Acute anticholinergic syndrome from Atropa belladonna mistaken for ... in cases of poisoning by Atropa belladonna - far from being antidotes - 'Preparations containing morphine or opiates should be ... "Anticholinergic Toxic Syndrome Caused by Atropa Belladonna Fruit (Deadly Nightshade): A Case Report". Turk J Anaesthesiol ...
rare) Atropa bella-donna L. - (declining) Staphylea colchica Stev. - (rare) Staphylea pinnata L. - (rare) Daphne altaica Pall ...
For example, atropine is isolated from the plant Atropa belladonna; strychnine is obtained from the seed of the Strychnine tree ... "daughter of Atropa" (belladonna): Development of Systematic Names for the Simple Alkanes Archived 2012-03-16 at the Wayback ...
Banewort - Ranunculus flammula or Atropa belladonna Barrenwort - Epimedium, especially Epimedium alpinum. Bearwort - Meum ...
... is a tropane alkaloid found in a variety of plants including Datura and Atropa belladonna. It is closely related in ... "Isolation and identification of littorine from hairy roots of Atropa belladonna". Plant Cell Reports. 18 (3-4): 249-251. doi: ...
She reportedly advised Agrippina to use Atropa belladonna as a poison. Extracts of atropa have been used for poisoning since ... The effective doses of atropa needed to cause hallucinations for up to four days, and the ones needed to kill a person were ... antiquity, as the plant and its fruits contain tropane alkaloids (primarily hyoscyamine and scopolamine). Atropa-derived ...
One of the herbs used was the nightshade Atropa belladonna for cholicspasms. The drug atropine has been extracted from this ...
The fruit of the remaining genus Atropa is a glossy, juicy berry, making Atropa species especially dangerous poisonous plants, ... berries Atropa belladonna ripe berry in close-up Anatomy of Atropa belladonna flower and berry Botanical illustration of Atropa ... was of the opinion that Pauia should be subsumed in Atropa. The plant resembles the Indian Atropa acuminata, but differs from ... Furthermore, the genera Atropa, Hyoscyamus, Scopolia and Physochlaina have furnished entheogens - the first three in the ...
It is also an antidote for Atropa belladonna poisoning, the same as for atropine. It has been also used as an antidote for ...
Known as the Belladonna Cure, it contained belladonna (Atropa belladonna) and henbane (Hyoscyamus niger). These plants contain ...
... including Atropa belladonna. The biosynthesis of these compounds is thought to take place via the tropane alkaloid pathway, the ... well known as one of the active principles present in the notoriously toxic nightshades Hyoscyamus niger and Atropa belladonna ...
Atropa belladonna. plate 491 in:. Otto Wilhelm Thomé:. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich u.d. Schweiz,. Gera (1885). (modified ... Atropa belladonna. plate 491 in:. Otto Wilhelm Thomé:. Flora von Deutschland, Österreich u.d. Schweiz,. Gera (1885). ... Atropa belladonna. (as syn.. Atopa Belladonna). Vol 1 Plate 9 in:. E.Hamilton. Flora Homeopathica. (1852). ... Atropa belladonna. vol. 10 - plate 14 in:. Jacob Sturm:. Deutschlands Flora. in Abbildungen. (1796). ...
Directed by Eli Sasich. With Anthony Bonaventura, Jeannie Bolet, Chris Voss. All hope is seemingly lost when a potential solution presents itself. The remaining crew must act fast if they are ever going to break the cycle and escape times grasp.
and may yet prove to be referable to the genus Atropa, after all. "Atropa L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United ... Atropa belladonna ssp. caucasica (Kreyer)Avet. - Caucasian Belladonna ( Caucasus, Turkey, Iran, Balkans(?)). Atropa komarovii ... Atropa.pdf HERRERA, C.M.(1987). Distribucion, ecologia y conservacion de Atropa baetica Willk. (Solanaceae) en la Sierra de ... under the binomial Atropa mandragora. Atropa acuminata Royle ex Lindl. - Indian belladonna/maitbrand (Kashmir and adjoining ...
The name Atropa belladonna was published by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753. Atropa is derived from the name of the ... Atropa belladonna L. Single flower in profile. Atropa belladonna L. Single flower angled to show both exterior and interior. ... "Solanaceae Atropa belladonna L." Plant Name Details. IPNI. 2003-07-02. Retrieved 2008-03-01. Solanaceae Atropa belladonna L. ... Atropa belladonna is rarely used in gardens, but, when grown, it is usually for its large upright habit and showy berries. ...
... Steven Fosters Stock Images of Atropa belladona, Belladonna, Deadly ... Thirty-six images of Atropa belladona, Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade a member of the Solanaceae, native to Eurasia. It is one ...
Botanical name: Atropa bella-donna Family: Solanaceae (Potato family). Synonyms: Atropa belladonna. ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of low doses of Atropa belladonna L., Gelsemium sempervirens L. and Poumon ... Neurotropic, immunological and gastric effects of low doses of Atropa belladonna L., Gelsemium sempervirens L. and Poumon ...
Atropa Belladonna (UNII: WQZ3G9PF0H) (Atropa Belladonna - UNII:WQZ3G9PF0H) Atropa Belladonna. 18 [hp_X] in 0.05 mL. ... atropa belladonna, oyster shell calcium carbonate, crude, capsicum, matricaria recutita, potassium dichromate, plantago major, ... Label: AURO HOMEOPATHIC EAR RELIEF DROPS- atropa belladonna, oyster shell calcium carbonate, crude, capsicum, matricaria ... AURO HOMEOPATHIC EAR RELIEF DROPS- atropa belladonna, oyster shell calcium carbonate, crude, capsicum, matricaria recutita, ...
Atropa belladonna Expresses a microRNA (aba-miRNA-9497) Highly Homologous to Homo sapiens miRNA-378 (hsa-miRNA-378); both ... Atropa belladonna Atropine aba-miRNA-9497 hsa-miRNA-378 Trans-kingdom miRNA signaling Zinc-finger protein ZNF-691 ... In this paper, we provide evidence that the Atropa belladonna aba-miRNA-9497 (miRBase conserved ID: bdi-miRNA-9497) is highly ... Lee MR (2007) Solanacea IV: atropa belladonna, deadly nightshade. J R Coll Phys Edinb. 37:77-84Google Scholar ...
ATROPA BELLADONNA (UNII: WQZ3G9PF0H) (ATROPA BELLADONNA - UNII:WQZ3G9PF0H) ATROPA BELLADONNA. 30 [hp_C] in 1 mL. ... silver nitrate, atropa belladonna, bryonia alba root, gelsemium sempervirens root, nitroglycerin, lachesis muta venom, ... Label: HEADACHE HP- silver nitrate, atropa belladonna, bryonia alba root, gelsemium sempervirens root, nitroglycerin, lachesis ... HEADACHE HP- silver nitrate, atropa belladonna, bryonia alba root, gelsemium sempervirens root, nitroglycerin, lachesis muta ...
Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl). Also listed as: Atropa belladonna. Related terms. ... Atropa belladonna, atropa belladonna-AE, beladona, belladone, belladonnae herbae pulvis standardisatus, belladonna herbum, ... Table of Contents , Herbs & Supplements , Belladonna (Atropa belladonna L. or its variety acuminata Royle ex Lindl) ... Bimodal dose-dependent effect on autonomic, cardiac control after oral administration of Atropa belladonna. Auton Neurosci 2001 ...
Belladonna, ATROPA BELLADONNA, easily at Sand Mountain Herbs.com. Belladonna and every herb sold is useful medicinally or in ... Scientific Name: ATROPA BELLADONNA. Common Name: Belladonna. Other Common Names: Belladona, Belladone, Belladonna, Belladonne, ... ATROPA BELLADONNA Source of atropine, valuable in treating eye diseases and spasms. External applications lessen local ...
The N sources containing both NH+4 and NO-3 were more suitable than NO-3 alone for the cultures of Atropa in media with a N ... Influence of ammonium and nitrate nutrition on levels of ammonium-nitrate and total nitrogen in the callus of Atropa belladonna ...
Transgenic herbicide-resistant Atropa belladonna using an Ri binary vector and inheritance of the transgenic trait ... Introduction of bar gene into atropa belladonna using ri binary vector system and herbicide resistance of transgenic plants. ... Enhancing the scopolamine production in transgenic plants of Atropa belladonna by overexpressing pmt and h6h genes. Physiologia ... Traits of transgenic Atropa belladonna doubly transformed with different Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains. Plant Cell Tissue & ...
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full ... Atropa. A plant genus of the family solanaceae which contain solanaceous alkaloids including atropine which is named after this ... Detailed information through a personalized searchRanked list of diseases related to "Atropa"Videos ...
Buy Atropa 0.6 mg Injection Online. Know uses, side effects, dosage, contraindications, substitutes, benefit, interactions, ... Atropa 0.6 mg Injection is an anticholinergic medicine which is used to decrease the production of saliva and other fluid ... Do not use Atropa 0.6 mg Injection for any conditions other than those specified by the doctor. Report to the doctor all your ... If a dose of Atropa 0.6 mg Injection is missed, take the dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost the time for the next ...
You are here: Home / Feed Items / D-111 (Matricaria Chamomilla, Rheum Officinale Root, Atropa Belladonna, Arabica Coffee Bean, ... D-111 (Matricaria Chamomilla, Rheum Officinale Root, Atropa Belladonna, Arabica Coffee Bean, Tribasic Calcium Phosphate, ... D-111 (Matricaria Chamomilla, Rheum Officinale Root, Atropa Belladonna, Arabica Coffee Bean, Tribasic Calcium Phosphate, ...
... This plant has poison characteristics. See below.. Common Name(s):. Belladonna, deadly nightshade. Category: ...
Atropa belladonna. Click here for photos of Atropa belladonna.. Atropa belladonna L. Engl.: deadly nightshade, belladonna, ...
a. acuminataa. borealisatropa belladonnab. trichotomabelladonna bacciferaboberella belladonna. ...
"Atropa belladonna" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Glatstein M, Danino D, Wolyniez I, Scolnik D. Seizures caused by ingestion of Atropa belladonna in a homeopathic medicine in a ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Atropa belladonna" by people in this website by year, and ... A plant species of the genus ATROPA, family SOLANACEAE that contains ATROPINE; SCOPOLAMINE; BELLADONNA ALKALOIDS and other ...
Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a poisonous perennial herbaceous plant in the ... Atropa belladonna and related plants, such as Datura stramonium (commonly known as jimson weed), have occasionally been used as ... Atropa Belladonna Uses:. Because of its highly toxic properties, belladonna has been deliberately used as a weapon and poison ... Atropa belladonna has unpredictable effects.. The antidote for belladonna poisoning is physostigmine or pilocarpine, the same ...
... še sta tam. v tej in tej sobi. moja in tvoja. persona. in najine oči. v tej in tej sobi. goltajo brezna. v ...
... *. (PDF) An updated overview on Atropa belladonna L. Atropa belladonna is a rich source of ... Atropa Belladonna Chapter 1: The Bloody Feast, a .... Atropa Belladonna. Atropa Belladonna is also called the Nightshade, a ... Atropa Belladonna Chapter 1: The Bloody Feast, a .... Atropa Belladonna. Atropa Belladonna is also called the Nightshade, a ... Atropa Belladonna Seeds , World Seed Supply. Atropa Belladonna has a longstanding history as a medicinal, a poison and a witch? ...
Atropa belladonna FL5FAAGA0008 Kaempferol 3-robinobioside Farkas_L et al. 1976. Atropa belladonna FL5FAAGA0023 Kaempferol 3- ... Atropa belladonna FL5FAAGA0023 Kaempferol 3-robinobioside-7-glucoside Brasseur_T et al. 1988. ... Atropa belladonna FL5FACGA0022 Quercetin 3-robinobioside-7-glucoside Brasseur_T et al. 1988. ... Atropa belladonna FL5FACGA0022 Quercetin 3-robinobioside-7-glucoside Sonanini_D et al. 1966. ...
The name Atropa belladonna was published by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753.[16] Atropa is derived from the name of ... "Solanaceae Atropa belladonna L." Plant Name Details. IPNI. 2003-07-02. Retrieved 2008-03-01. Solanaceae Atropa belladonna L. ... Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family ... Atropa belladonna is rarely used in gardens, but, when grown, it is usually for its large upright habit and showy berries.[12] ...
atropa belladonna online atlas of the british and irish tracheophyta › magnoliopsida › solanaceae › atropaatropa belladonna ... moagem atropa belladonna planta. atropa belladonna intoxication: · introduction atropa belladona is a poisonous plant called ... changes in atropa belladonna l. and datura 132 13 changes in atropa belladonna l. and datura innoxia mill. seeds germination ... atropa belladonna diff. description atropa belladonna, is a poisonous plant also called deadly nightshade.it grow up in the ...
The substance is extracted from atropa belladonna. The name is ambiguous as the substance is. Atropos is one of the three Fates ... This makes it a neurotoxin, hence atropa. Applied to the eyes it makes the pupils dilate. Since that apparently looks good the ...
Atropa was used to murder several Roman Emperors. Eleventh-century Scots used Atropa to poison invading Anglo-Saxons, whilst it ... The name Atropa commemorates the last of the three Moirai, or Fates, of Greek mythology, who cut the thread of life. All ... Atropa is frequently suggested as one of the ingredients of flying ointment, a hallucinogenic preparation giving its users a ... As with many extremely poisonous plants, useful medicinal extracts have been isolated from Atropa, including the tropane ...
Atropa acuminata belongs to the family of the Solanacaea, the nightshades. It is native to India and is also known as Indian ... Atropa acuminata, Indian Belladonna seeds. Atropa acuminata belongs to the family of the Solanacaea, the nightshades. It is ... Atropa acuminata grows as an herbaceous plant that reaches a height of about 0,9 m. Sometimes it gets 1,5 m high. Therewith it ... The seeds of Atropa acuminata need a cold stratification meaning that they should be put into the fridge for 1 month at a ...
  • Atropa is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae : tall, calcicole, herbaceous perennials (rhizomatous hemicryptophytes), bearing large leaves and glossy berries particularly dangerous to children, due to their combination of an attractive, cherry-like appearance with a high toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a poisonous perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae, which also includes tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant (aubergine). (wikipedia.org)
  • Thirty-six images of Atropa belladona, Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade a member of the Solanaceae, native to Eurasia. (stevenfoster.com)
  • This is the first example of a human brain-enriched transcription factor, ZNF-691, targeted and down-regulated by a naturally occurring plant microRNA, with potential to modulate gene expression in the human CNS and thus contribute to the neurotoxicological-and-psychoactive properties of the Atropa belladonna species of the deadly nightshade Solanaceae family. (springer.com)
  • It's a plant classified in the solanaceae family and its roots, leaves and fruits contain the belladonna alkaloids: atropine, hyocyamine, and scopolamine [], responsible for the anticholinergic toxicity of the plant.We report an uncommon case of intoxication with Atropa Belladona in a child. (fdabo.pl)
  • Atropa belladonna is in the nightshade family ( Solanaceae ), which it shares with potatoes , tomatoes , eggplants , jimsonweed , tobacco , wolfberry , and chili peppers . (jakearchibald.com)
  • atropa belladonna common name(s): belladonna, deadly nightshade synonyme(s): n/a family: solanaceae origin: europe more infos: this site uses cookies to analyze traffic and for ads measurement purposes. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • tracheophyta › magnoliopsida › solanaceae › atropa › atropa belladonna ecology a robust rhizomatous perennial herb of dry disturbed ground, field margins, hedgerows and open woodland. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family solanaceae, native to europe, north africa, and western asia. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • Deadly nightshade ( Atropa belladonna ) is in the very large nightshade family, or Solanaceae , as they are known to botanists. (hubpages.com)
  • The pharmacologically active ingredients of Atropa species include atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscyamine, all tropane alkaloids having anticholinergic, deliriant, antispasmodic and mydriatic properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • ATROPA BELLADONNA Source of atropine, valuable in treating eye diseases and spasms. (sandmountainherbs.com)
  • As with many extremely poisonous plants, useful medicinal extracts have been isolated from Atropa , including the tropane alkaloid atropine. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Atropa acuminata contains many alkaloids amongst others atropine. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • Industrial and practical recommendations: According to the findings of this study, for extraction more atropine and collection of atropine and hyoscine from Atropa bladonna , the samples of Ardabil region can be recommended. (ac.ir)
  • atropine is an alkaloid derived from the solanaceous plants Atropa belladonna ( deadly nightshade ), Hyoscyamus niger (black henbane), and Datura stramonium (thornapple). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Deadly nightshade , Atropa belladonna , yields tropane alkaloids including atropine , scopolamine and hyoscyamine . (wikipedia.org)
  • The best-known member of the genus Atropa is Deadly Nightshade (A. belladonna) - the poisonous plant par excellence in the minds of many. (wikipedia.org)
  • Atropa belladonna L. - Belladonna/deadly nightshade (Europe, Western Asia and North Africa). (wikipedia.org)
  • Known originally under various folk names (such as "deadly nightshade" in English), the plant was baptized Atropa belladonna by Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) when he devised his classification system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of deadly nightshades as a poison was known in ancient Rome, as attested by the rumor that the Roman empress Livia Drusilla used the juice of Atropa belladonna berries to murder her husband, the emperor Augustus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Steven Foster's Stock Images of Atropa belladona, Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade. (stevenfoster.com)
  • Atropa Belladona is a poisonous plant called deadly nightshade. (fdabo.pl)
  • For many, Atropa belladonna, deadly nightshade is the star of the poison plants. (fdabo.pl)
  • The bewitching Atropa Belladonna also known as deadly nightshade. (fdabo.pl)
  • 100+ Seeds -Real Atropa belladonna- - Deadly Nightshade - High Germination Rate-''Winter- Hardy. (fdabo.pl)
  • Jun 13, 2016 · Belladonna (Deadly nightshade / Atropa belladonna) medicinal uses & images. (fdabo.pl)
  • meet atropa belladonna, more popularly known as deadly nightshade.the plant looks harmless enough, as its leaves are green and it grows up to 4 feet high. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • atropa belladonna, commonly known as deadly nightshade or belladonna, is one of the most toxic plants native to the eastern hemisphere. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • description atropa belladonna, is a poisonous plant also called deadly nightshade.it grow up in the mountain area in north europe, africa and west asia. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • That was the day I met Atropa Belladonna, better known by its folk-name, Deadly Nightshade. (deathscent.com)
  • I mean its names alone, Atropa Belladonna and Deadly Nightshade. (deathscent.com)
  • Known as deadly nightshade (and for good reason), Atropa belladonna is one of the most toxic plants in the Western Hemisphere. (bobvila.com)
  • Atropa Belladonna The Atropa Belladonna is also known by its many names - Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade, Banewort, Devil's Berries, and Naughty Man's Cherries , among others. (infobarrel.com)
  • Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) intoxication: An analysis of 49 children. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Atropa species favour temperate climates and alkaline soils, often growing in light shade in woodland environments associated with limestone hills and mountains. (wikipedia.org)
  • not an accepted species, though probably referable to the species above) is reported to occur not only in Kashmir, but also in Iran and Mongolia - which would make it the easternmost of the Atropa species, and possibly of disjunct distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • It will be seen from the above that there is an overlap in the respective distributions of A. acuminata, A. komarovii and A. pallidiflora in the lush Hyrcanian forests of Northern Iran, and it is possible that some or all of these species may yet be subsumed in the concept Atropa belladonna. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reported presence of an Atropa species in Mongolia is intriguing, given that country's relative remoteness from Kashmir and its (Kashmir's) well-attested population of Atropa acuminata Royle ex Lindl. (wikipedia.org)
  • The single species Pauia belladonna Deb and Dutta is described as bearing a marked similarity to Atropa acuminata Royle ex Lindl. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name Atropa belladonna was published by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753. (jakearchibald.com)
  • The obtained molecular, cytogenetic and phylogenetic data demonstrate complex evolutionary dynamics of rDNA loci in allohexaploid species of Atropa belladonna . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Transgenic Atropa belladonna with high levels of scopolamine was developed by metabolic engineering . (bvsalud.org)
  • We speculate that the potent neurotoxic actions of the multiple tropane alkaloids of Atropa belladonna may be supplemented by the neuroregulatory actions of aba-miRNA-9497 on ZNF-691, and this may be followed by the modulation in the expression of ZNF-691-sensitive genes. (springer.com)
  • There is a pale-yellow flowering form called Atropa belladonna var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Caucasus Belladonna Seeds (Atropa caucasica) 10+ Organic Heirloom Seeds in FROZEN SEED CAPSULES for the Gardener & Rare Seeds Collector - Plant Seeds Now or Save Seeds for Many Years. (fdabo.pl)
  • belladonna seeds (atropa belladonna) 30+ rare flower seeds in frozen seed capsules for the gardener & rare seeds collector plant seeds now or save seeds for many years 1.5 out of 5 stars 2 $9.99 $ 9. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • The seeds of Atropa acuminata need a cold stratification meaning that they should be put into the fridge for 1 month at a temperature of about 4°C. After that they can be planted into the substrate. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • I have some Atropa Belladonna seeds and I was planning on growing this plant for psychonautic experimentation. (drugs-forum.com)
  • n. a poisonous Eurasian plant ( Atropa belladonna ) of the nightshade family, with drooping purple flowers and black cherrylike fruit. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Neurotropic, immunological and gastric effects of low doses of Atropa belladonna L., Gelsemium sempervirens L. and Poumon histamine in stressed mice. (nih.gov)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of low doses of Atropa belladonna L., Gelsemium sempervirens L. and Poumon histamine on stress-induced behavioral, immunological and gastric alterations. (nih.gov)
  • Among our most powerful renal antispasmodics are Piper methysticum - the ace in the hole - along with Lobelia inflata , Viburnum opulus , Aesculus hippocastanum , Ammi visnaga , Dioscorea villosa , Gelsemium sempervirens , Atropa belladonna , and Hyoscyamus niger . (ndnr.com)
  • For example, Robert Cochrane specialized in Atropa belladonna and her alkaloids, which eventually lead to his strange death. (patheos.com)
  • plant samples atropa belladonna and matricaria chamomilla were collected from northern areas of pakistan. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • Atropa belladonna and related plants, such as Datura stramonium (commonly known as jimson weed), have occasionally been used as recreational drugs because of the vivid hallucinations and delirium they produce. (bintbiz.com)
  • 132 13 changes in atropa belladonna l. and datura innoxia mill. (kiwanistemse.be)
  • Atropa belladonna is rarely used in gardens, but, when grown, it is usually for its large upright habit and showy berries. (jakearchibald.com)
  • Scented with Atropa Belladonna - Cassis berries and jasmine dance with layers of depth from patchouli and vanilla. (shayandblue.com)
  • A plant , Atropa belladonna , having purple bell - shaped flowers and poisonous black glossy berries . (wiktionary.org)
  • Linnaeus chose the genus name Atropa because of the poisonous properties of these plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Atropa bit is in homage to Atropos one of the three Greek sisters of fate known as the Moirai. (deathscent.com)
  • In some older classifications, the mandrake (Mandragora officinarum) has been placed in the genus Atropa, under the binomial Atropa mandragora. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transgenic Atropa belladonna conferred with a herbicide-resistant trait was obtained by transformation with an Ri plasmid binary vector and plant regeneration from hairy roots. (eurekamag.com)
  • Atropa belladonna is a branching herbaceous perennial rhizomatous hemicryptophyte, often growing as a subshrub from a fleshy rootstock. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern pharmacological study of Atropa belladonna extracts was begun by the German chemist Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge (1795-1867). (wikipedia.org)
  • Atropa acuminata belongs to the family of the Solanacaea, the nightshades. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • Glatstein M, Danino D, Wolyniez I, Scolnik D. Seizures caused by ingestion of Atropa belladonna in a homeopathic medicine in a previously well infant: case report and review of the literature. (sickkids.ca)
  • Atropa Belladonna is also called the Nightshade, a poisonous plant. (fdabo.pl)
  • Atropa acuminata grows as an herbaceous plant that reaches a height of about 0,9 m. (asklepios-seeds.de)
  • Atropa Belladonna has a longstanding history as a medicinal, a poison and a witch?s herb. (fdabo.pl)
  • In order to study the mechanism of nitrogen metabolism and secondary metabolism in Atropa belladonna hairy roots treated with yeast extract, yeast extract(YE( was added to the culture medium. (bvsalud.org)
  • Atropa was used to murder several Roman Emperors. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Eleventh-century Scots used Atropa to poison invading Anglo-Saxons, whilst it was used in a Scottish case of attempted murder in 1994. (ox.ac.uk)