ATP Citrate (pro-S)-Lyase: An enzyme that, in the presence of ATP and COENZYME A, catalyzes the cleavage of citrate to yield acetyl CoA, oxaloacetate, ADP, and ORTHOPHOSPHATE. This reaction represents an important step in fatty acid biosynthesis. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.8.Citric Acid: A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.CitratesCitrate (si)-Synthase: Enzyme that catalyzes the first step of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (CITRIC ACID CYCLE). It catalyzes the reaction of oxaloacetate and acetyl CoA to form citrate and coenzyme A. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.7.Acetate-CoA Ligase: An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of CoA derivatives from ATP, acetate, and CoA to form AMP, pyrophosphate, and acetyl CoA. It acts also on propionates and acrylates. EC 6.2.1.1.Coenzyme ALyases: A class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of C-C, C-O, and C-N, and other bonds by other means than by hydrolysis or oxidation. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 4.Malate Dehydrogenase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of (S)-malate and NAD+ to oxaloacetate and NADH. EC 1.1.1.37.Acetyl Coenzyme A: Acetyl CoA participates in the biosynthesis of fatty acids and sterols, in the oxidation of fatty acids and in the metabolism of many amino acids. It also acts as a biological acetylating agent.Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase: A carboxylating enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP, acetyl-CoA, and HCO3- to ADP, orthophosphate, and malonyl-CoA. It is a biotinyl-protein that also catalyzes transcarboxylation. The plant enzyme also carboxylates propanoyl-CoA and butanoyl-CoA (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 6.4.1.2.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Fatty Acid Synthases: Enzymes that catalyze the synthesis of FATTY ACIDS from acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA derivatives.Oxo-Acid-Lyases: Enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of a carbon-carbon bond of a 3-hydroxy acid. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 4.1.3.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Polysaccharide-Lyases: A group of carbon-oxygen lyases. These enzymes catalyze the breakage of a carbon-oxygen bond in polysaccharides leading to an unsaturated product and the elimination of an alcohol. EC 4.2.2.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Adenylosuccinate Lyase: An enzyme that, in the course of purine ribonucleotide biosynthesis, catalyzes the conversion of 5'-phosphoribosyl-4-(N-succinocarboxamide)-5-aminoimidazole to 5'-phosphoribosyl-4-carboxamide-5-aminoimidazole and the conversion of adenylosuccinic acid to AMP. EC 4.3.2.2.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Acetyl-CoA Hydrolase: An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the hydrolysis of acetyl-CoA to yield CoA and acetate. The enzyme is involved in the oxidation of fatty acids. EC 3.1.2.1.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Microsomes, Liver: Closed vesicles of fragmented endoplasmic reticulum created when liver cells or tissue are disrupted by homogenization. They may be smooth or rough.Carbon-Sulfur Ligases: Enzymes that catalyze the joining of two molecules by the formation of a carbon-sulfur bond. EC 6.2.Galaxies: Large aggregates of CELESTIAL STARS; COSMIC DUST; and gas. (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Brenner Tumor: A smooth, solid or cystic fibroepithelial (FIBROEPITHELIAL NEOPLASMS) tumor, usually found in the OVARIES but can also be found in the adnexal region and the KIDNEYS. It consists of a fibrous stroma with nests of epithelial cells that sometimes resemble the transitional cells lining the urinary bladder. Brenner tumors generally are benign and asymptomatic. Malignant Brenner tumors have been reported.Diamond: Diamond. A crystalline form of carbon that occurs as hard, colorless or tinted isomeric crystals. It is used as a precious stone, for cutting glass, and as bearings for delicate mechanisms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sexology: This discipline concerns the study of SEXUALITY, and the application of sexual knowledge such as sexual attitudes, psychology, and SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. Scope of application generally includes educational (SEX EDUCATION), clinical (SEX COUNSELING), and other settings.Parapsychology: Branch of psychology that deals with paranormal behavior and events such as telepathy, precognition, and clairvoyance, which are not explicable by present day "natural laws".History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Xenopsylla: A genus of fleas in the family Pulicidae which includes the species that serves as the primary vector of BUBONIC PLAGUE, Xenopsylla cheopis.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Farnesyl-Diphosphate Farnesyltransferase: The first committed enzyme of the biosynthesis pathway that leads to the production of STEROLS. it catalyzes the synthesis of SQUALENE from farnesyl pyrophosphate via the intermediate PRESQUALENE PYROPHOSPHATE. This enzyme is also a critical branch point enzyme in the biosynthesis of ISOPRENOIDS that is thought to regulate the flux of isoprene intermediates through the sterol pathway.Rodenticides: Substances used to destroy or inhibit the action of rats, mice, or other rodents.Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases: Enzymes that catalyze the reversible reduction of alpha-carboxyl group of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A to yield MEVALONIC ACID.Rodent Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous rodents through chemical, biological, or other means.Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-1: A LDL-receptor related protein involved in clearance of chylomicron remnants and of activated ALPHA-MACROGLOBULINS from plasma.LDL-Receptor Related Proteins: A family of proteins that share sequence similarity with the low density lipoprotein receptor (RECEPTORS, LDL).Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5: LDL-receptor related protein that combines with FRIZZLED RECEPTORS at the cell surface to form receptors that bind WNT PROTEINS. The protein plays an important role in the WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY in OSTEOBLASTS and during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.alpha-Macroglobulins: Glycoproteins with a molecular weight of approximately 620,000 to 680,000. Precipitation by electrophoresis is in the alpha region. They include alpha 1-macroglobulins and alpha 2-macroglobulins. These proteins exhibit trypsin-, chymotrypsin-, thrombin-, and plasmin-binding activity and function as hormonal transporters.LDL-Receptor Related Protein-Associated Protein: A membrane protein found in the rough endoplasm reticulum (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH) that binds to LDL-RECEPTOR RELATED PROTEINS. It may function to prevent ligand binding of receptors during protein processing events within endosomal compartments.Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-6: An LDL-receptor related protein that combines with cell surface FRIZZLED RECEPTORS to form WNT PROTEIN-binding receptors. The protein plays an important role in the WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT and in regulation of vascular cell proliferation.Receptors, LDL: Receptors on the plasma membrane of nonhepatic cells that specifically bind LDL. The receptors are localized in specialized regions called coated pits. Hypercholesteremia is caused by an allelic genetic defect of three types: 1, receptors do not bind to LDL; 2, there is reduced binding of LDL; and 3, there is normal binding but no internalization of LDL. In consequence, entry of cholesterol esters into the cell is impaired and the intracellular feedback by cholesterol on 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase is lacking.Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt: A protein-serine-threonine kinase that is activated by PHOSPHORYLATION in response to GROWTH FACTORS or INSULIN. It plays a major role in cell metabolism, growth, and survival as a core component of SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. Three isoforms have been described in mammalian cells.Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Protein Kinase C: An serine-threonine protein kinase that requires the presence of physiological concentrations of CALCIUM and membrane PHOSPHOLIPIDS. The additional presence of DIACYLGLYCEROLS markedly increases its sensitivity to both calcium and phospholipids. The sensitivity of the enzyme can also be increased by PHORBOL ESTERS and it is believed that protein kinase C is the receptor protein of tumor-promoting phorbol esters.Protein Kinases: A family of enzymes that catalyze the conversion of ATP and a protein to ADP and a phosphoprotein.Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases: A group of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of serine or threonine residues in proteins, with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases: Phosphotransferases that catalyzes the conversion of 1-phosphatidylinositol to 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate. Many members of this enzyme class are involved in RECEPTOR MEDIATED SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION and regulation of vesicular transport with the cell. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases have been classified both according to their substrate specificity and their mode of action within the cell.

*List of MeSH codes (D08)

... atp citrate (pro-s)-lyase MeSH D08.811.913.050.350 --- carnitine acyltransferases MeSH D08.811.913.050.350.170 --- carnitine O- ... tyrosine phenol-lyase MeSH D08.811.520.232.300 --- amidine-lyases MeSH D08.811.520.232.300.200 --- adenylosuccinate lyase MeSH ... oxo-acid-lyases MeSH D08.811.520.224.600.200 --- anthranilate synthase MeSH D08.811.520.224.600.700 --- isocitrate lyase MeSH ... ethanolamine ammonia-lyase MeSH D08.811.520.232.400.500 --- histidine ammonia-lyase MeSH D08.811.520.232.400.600 --- l-serine ...

*ATP citrate synthase

... adenosine triphosphate citrate lyase, citrate cleavage enzyme, citrate-ATP lyase, citric cleavage enzyme, and ATP citrate (pro- ... Other names in common use include ATP-citric lyase, ATP:citrate oxaloacetate-lyase [(pro-S)-CH2COO-->acetyl-CoA], (ATP- ... "Isolation of enzymically active fragments formed by limited proteolysis of ATP citrate lyase". Eur. J. Biochem. 125 (3): 645-50 ... In enzymology, an ATP citrate synthase (EC 2.3.3.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ADP + phosphate + acetyl- ...

*citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) ligase

... citrate (pro-3S)-lyase(acetyl form) The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, acetate, and citrate (pro-3S)-lyase(thiol form), ... pro-3S)-lyase ligase (EC 6.2.1.22) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + acetate + citrate (pro-3S)-lyase( ... pro-3S)-lyase(thiol-form) ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include citrate lyase ligase, citrate lyase ... HS-citrate lyase ligase, and acetate:citrate-(pro-3S)-lyase(thiol-form) ligase (AMP-forming). This enzyme participates in two- ...

*List of EC numbers (EC 6)

... citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) ligase EC 6.2.1.23: dicarboxylate-CoA ligase EC 6.2.1.24: phytanate-CoA ligase EC 6.2.1.25: benzoate- ... ATP) EC 6.5.1.2: DNA ligase (NAD+) EC 6.5.1.3: RNA ligase (ATP) EC 6.5.1.4: RNA-3'-phosphate cyclase EC 6.6.1.1: magnesium ... citrate-CoA ligase EC 6.2.1.19: long-chain-fatty-acid-luciferin-component ligase EC 6.2.1.20: long-chain-fatty-acid-(acyl- ... ATP-hydrolysing)) ligase EC 6.3.4.11: biotin-(methylcrotonoyl-CoA-carboxylase) ligase EC 6.3.4.12: glutamate-methylamine ligase ...

*List of EC numbers (EC 4)

... hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA lyase EC 4.1.3.5: now EC 2.3.3.10 EC 4.1.3.6: citrate (pro-3S)-lyase EC 4.1.3.7: now EC 2.3.3.1 EC ... ATP-dependent NAD(P)H-hydrate dehydratase EC 4.2.1.94: scytalone dehydratase EC 4.2.1.95: kievitone hydratase EC 4.2.1.96: 4a- ... pectin lyase EC 4.2.2.11: poly(a-L-guluronate) lyase EC 4.2.2.12: xanthan lyase EC 4.2.2.13: exo-(1-4)-α-D-glucan lyase EC 4.2. ... pectate lyase EC 4.2.2.3: poly(b-D-mannuronate) lyase EC 4.2.2.4: chondroitin ABC lyase EC 4.2.2.5: chondroitin AC lyase EC 4.2 ...

*Succinic acid

Succinate is generated from succinyl-CoA by the enzyme succinyl-CoA synthetase in a GTP/ATP-producing step: Succinyl-CoA + NDP ... The pathway avoids the decarboxylation steps of the TCA cycle via the enzyme isocitrate lyase which cleaves isocitrate into ... including the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β. Other inflammatory cytokines produced by activated macrophages such as ... which moves both dicarboxylate and citrate into the bloodstream. Extracellular succinate can act as a signaling molecule with ...

*List of EC numbers (EC 2)

... citrate-(pro-3S)-lyase) S-acetyltransferase EC 2.3.1.50: serine C-palmitoyltransferase EC 2.3.1.51: 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate ... ATP citrate synthase EC 2.3.3.9: malate synthase EC 2.3.3.10: hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase EC 2.3.3.11: 2- ... citrate (Si)-synthase EC 2.3.3.2: decylcitrate synthase EC 2.3.3.3: citrate (Re)-synthase EC 2.3.3.4: decylhomocitrate synthase ... protein-histidine pros-kinase EC 2.7.13.2: protein-histidine tele-kinase EC 2.7.13.3: histidine kinase EC 2.7.99.1: ...

*Morpheein

Functional Consequences of ATP- and dATP-Induced Oligomerization of the Large Subunit†". Biochemistry. 41 (2): 462-74. doi: ... Tong, E. K.; Duckworth, Harry W. (1975). "Quaternary structure of citrate synthase from Escherichia coli K 12". Biochemistry. ... of a Mutant Bacillus subtilis Adenylosuccinate Lyase Equivalent to a Mutant Enzyme Found in Human Adenylosuccinate Lyase ... Pro mutant human phenylalanine hydroxylase". European Journal of Biochemistry. 268 (4): 997-1005. doi:10.1046/j.1432-1327.2001. ...

*List of EC numbers (EC 3)

... citrate lyase deacetylase EC 3.1.2.17: (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA hydrolase EC 3.1.2.18: ADP-dependent short-chain-acyl-CoA ... Xaa-Pro dipeptidyl-peptidase EC 3.4.14.12: Xaa-Xaa-Pro tripeptidyl-peptidase EC 3.4.15.1: peptidyl-dipeptidase A EC 3.4.15.2: ... Now included with EC 3.5.2.6 β-lactamase EC 3.5.2.9: 5-oxoprolinase (ATP-hydrolysing) EC 3.5.2.10: creatininase EC 3.5.2.11: L- ... Now EC 3.6.4.2, dynein ATPase EC 3.6.1.34: Transferred entry: H+-transporting ATP synthase. Now EC 3.6.3.14, H+-transporting ...
The correlation of ATP citrate lyase (ACL) and acetyl CoA levels with trichothecene production in Fusarium graminearum was investigated using an inhibitor (precocene II) and an enhancer (cobalt chloride) of trichothecene production by changing carbon sources in liquid medium. When precocene II (30 µM) was added to inhibit trichothecene production in a trichothecene high-production medium containing sucrose, ACL expression was reduced and ACL mRNA level as well as acetyl CoA amount in the fungal cells were reduced to the levels observed in a trichothecene trace-production medium containing glucose or fructose. The ACL mRNA level was greatly increased by addition of cobalt chloride in the trichothecene high-production medium, but not in the trichothecene trace-production medium. Levels were reduced to those level in the trichothecene ...
Calcium citrate malate is a water-soluble calcium supplement. It is the calcium salt of citric acid and malic acid with variable composition. Calcium citrate malates bioavailability stems from its water-solubility and its method of dissolution. When dissolved, it releases calcium ions and a calcium citrate complex. Calcium ions are absorbed directly into intestinal cells, and the citrate complex enters the body through paracellular absorption.[citation needed] Calcium citrate malate is similar to calcium malate and other calcium salts. The European Food Safety Authority has concluded that calcium citrate malate is "slightly more bioavailable" than other forms of calcium supplementation. Calcium citrate malate at Jost Chemical "Calcium citrate malate as source for calcium for use in foods for Particular Nutritional Uses and in foods for the general population (including food ...
The genetic and molecular mechanisms responsible for and associated specifically with the development and progression of malignant prostate cells are largely unidentified. In addition, despite its implication in virtually all malignant cells, the role of altered cellular metabolism as an essential factor in prostate malignancy has been largely ignored. Moreover, the intermediary metabolism of normal prostate as well as malignant prostate cells is among the least studied and most poorly understood of all mammalian cells. Some important factors, especially the role of zinc, have been identified and implicated in the development and progression of prostrate malignancy. In this review, we provide a current and updated integrated assessment of the relationships of intermediary metabolism in normal prostate and in prostate cancer. The experimental ...
Renal fibrosis is a common pathogenic response to injury in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The receptor-interacting protein kinase-3 (RIPK3), a regulator of necroptosis, has been implicated in disease pathogenesis. In mice subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction-induced (UUO-induced) or adenine diet-induced (AD-induced) renal fibrosis, models of progressive kidney fibrosis, we demonstrate increased kidney expression of RIPK3. Mice genetically deficient in RIPK3 displayed decreased kidney fibrosis and improved kidney function relative to WT mice when challenged with UUO or AD. In contrast, mice genetically deficient in mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL), a downstream RIPK3 target, were not protected from UUO-induced kidney fibrosis. We demonstrate a pathway by which RIPK3 promotes fibrogenesis through the AKT-dependent activation of ATP citrate ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Citric acid is found naturally in citrus fruits, but producing citric acid from citrus fruits is very expensive and the demand for citric acid is greater than the available supply of citrus fruits. Therefore, when you see citric acid on a product label, you can be sure that it is a powder that was made from the fermentation of sugars. A culture of Aspergillus niger (a fungus commonly used in the pharmaceutical industry) is fed with sugar and metabolizes it into a liquid solution. The solution is mixed with lime (calcium hydroxide) which causes citrate salt to come out of the solution (precipitate). The citrate salt is then treated with sulfuric acid to make useable citric acid.. The sugars that are used for the citric acid can be derived from cane sugar, corn or wheat. In the United States, citric acid is most often derived from corn since it is a cheap, subsidized crop. In South America cane sugar is often used due to the low sugar prices, ...
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Lead citrate is a key precursor for the green recycling of spent lead acid battery paste in a citric acid/sodium citrate (CA/SC) solution. In this study, the main paste component, PbSO4, was leached and crystallized to yield lead citrate. Results showed that the leaching of PbSO4 in citric acid/sodium citrate solution was remarkably enhanced by an increase in temperature from 35 °C to 95 °C and an increase in sodium citrate (SC) concentration from 50 to 650 g/L. In comparison, increasing the citric acid/sodium citrate molar ratio inhibited this leaching. Controlled crystallization through cooling the solution or adjusting the pH of the solution can effectively produce lead citrate crystals. The X-ray diffraction patterns of four products obtained in a comparison test were all consistent with Pb3(C6H5O7)2. However, the scanning electron microscopy analysis ...
Easy to read patient leaflet for Potassium Citrate and Citric Acid Solution. Includes indications, proper use, special instructions, precautions, and possible side effects.
html, ,ul, ,li,,b,Summer Research: Production and purification of human ATP citrate Lyase protein for determining its function using structural analysis,/b,,/li, [,a href=http://www.bio.ucalgary.ca/contact/faculty/fraser.html, Dr. Marie Fraser ,/a,; May 2014 - Aug 2014] ,br, ,p,,b,Abstract: ,/b,ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) is the enzyme that 1) links energy metabolism from carbohydrates to the production of acetyl-CoA in the cytoplasm of animals and 2) closes the reductive citric acid cycle in bacteria that use this cycle to fix carbon dioxide. The crystal structure of two-thirds of ACLY in complex with the substrate citrate, the inhibitor tartrate and the product ADP-Mg2+ has been already determined. These structures answered the question of where the organic acid bound to this member of the family of succinyl-CoA ...
I prepared a bottle of "50%" citric acid solution using a suggested method of filling a bottle halfway by volume then filling the rest with water. I filled a...
Citric acid is traditionally produced by fermentation of molds since the beginning of the 20th century. However, its overall demand continually increases due to its very widespread applications ranging from traditional food use to more specific pharmaceutical and more recent biopolymer uses.. Therefore the production of citric acid is also continually improved involving the most recent tools and techniques of the field. This book discusses the metabolism of citric acid production by Aspergillus niger; biotechnological productions of citric acid; citrus fruits compounds and aging; occurrence and metabolism of citric acid by lactic acid bacteria from fruits and fermented beverages; and citric acid treatment of cancer. (Imprint: Novinka ). ...
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The superior ability of citrate excretion in a carrot (Daucus carota L.) mutant cell line, namely IPG (insoluble phosphate grower) [Takita et al. (1999a) Plant Cell Physiol. 40: 489] cells has been characterized in terms of citrate transport at the plasma membrane. IPG cells released about a 20-fold increase in citrate in comparison with malate, while the concentration of malate was only 35% lower than that of citrate in the cell sap. Citrate excretion was sensitive to anion channel blockers, such as niflumic acid and anthracene-9-carboxylic acid. These results indicate that IPG cells release citrate through the plasma membrane using citrate specific anion channels. The rate of citrate release from IPG cells was not affected by the concentration of aluminum (0 and 50 µM), soluble Pi (0 or 2 mM) and the pH (4.5-5.6) of the medium, suggesting that anion channels would not be ...
10. Appendix. Secondly, Sodium Citrate Dihydrate (CAS 6132-04-3) Market report includes, development policies and plans are discussed, manufacturing processes and cost structures. This Sodium Citrate Dihydrate (CAS 6132-04-3) Industry report also states import/export, supply and consumption figures as well as cost, price, Global Sodium Citrate Dihydrate (CAS 6132-04-3) Market gross margin and revenue by Key regions (North America, Europe, Japan, China, South East Asia, India) and other regions can be added.. Enquiry Here: www.marketsnresearch.com/inquiry-for-buying.html?repid=30579. Then, the report pay attention on worldwide Sodium Citrate Dihydrate (CAS 6132-04-3) that major leading market players in Sodium Citrate Dihydrate (CAS 6132-04-3) industry area with information such as Company Profile of Sodium Citrate Dihydrate (CAS 6132-04-3) Market, Sales Volume, Price, Gross ...
Citric acid -- a naturally occurring compound in citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons and grapefruit -- boasts several properties that may make it useful as either a treatment for certain medical conditions or as a dietary supplement. Citric acid is an alkalizing agent: It is able to decrease the level of acidity in body fluids. It acts as an anti-oxidant and is also able to chelate -- binding to excess calcium and allowing it to leave the body. Despite its documented health benefits, you should not take citric acid supplements without first consulting your physician.. Anti-oxidant Benefits. As an anti-oxidant, citric acid may be able to neutralize the damaging effects of free radicals, unstable compounds that can accumulate in the body from exposure to toxic chemicals, smoking and even normal cell metabolism. Free radicals can damage cell tissue and DNA and increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, Alzheimers disease and cancer. The Mayo Clinic website reports that citric ...
The citrate-induced desorption kinetics of pre-adsorbed Se from montmorillonite (Mt) and its complexes with hydroxyaluminum (HyA-Mt) and hydroxyaluminosilicate (HAS-Mt) were studied. The mole fraction of pre-adsorbed Se released in 24 h from different clays followed the trends of Mt ,, HAS-Mt , HyA-Mt with a significant increase with elevated citrate concentration in the desorbing solution. In contrast, the amount of Se adsorbed per unit mass of different clays followed a clear-cut opposite trend of HyA-Mt , HAS-Mt ,, Mt. The Se desorption kinetics in different systems indicated multiple rate characteristics; where an initial fast reaction (0.25-2 h) was followed by a slow reaction (2-16 h). Of the six different kinetic models tested (zero-, first-, and second-order; power function, Elovich, and parabolic diffusion), the second-order rate equation showed the overall best fit to the fast and slow desorption kinetic data from the clays. Based on second-order rate constants, ...
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hypocitraturia, an important risk factor for calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis, is the result of numerous factors. We studied citrate excretion by patients with and without stones consuming normal and controlled formula diets. S
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A method of treating blood withdrawn from patient including: simultaneously withdrawing blood and infusing withdrawn blood from and to the patient by flowing the withdrawn blood through an extracorporeal dialysis circuit including a dialyzer having a semi-permeable dialysis membrane and a dialysate side adjacent the membrane; feeding a dialysate containing 1 to 5 mM total calcium and 2 to 8 mM citrate to the dialysate side of the dialyzer, and introducing an anticoagulation fluid including at least 8 mM citrate into the arterial blood line.
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Citric acid (citrate) is a weak acid that is formed in the tricarboxylic acid cycle or that may be introduced with diet. The evaluation of plasma citric acid is scarcely used in the diagnosis of animal diseases. On the contrary urinary citrate excretion is a common tool in the differential diagnosis of kidney stones, renal tubular acidosis and it plays also a role in bone diseases. The importance of hypocitraturia should be considered with regard to bone mass, urine crystallization and urolithiasis. (PMID 12957820 ) The secretory epithelial cells of the prostate gland of animals and other animals posses a unique citrate-related metabolic pathway regulated by testosterone and prolactin. This specialized hormone-regulated metabolic activity is responsible for the major prostate function of the production and secretion of extraordinarily high levels of citrate. The key ...
ATP-citrate synthase is the primary enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cytosolic acetyl-CoA in many tissues. Has a central role in de novo lipid synthesis. In nervous tissue it may be involved in the biosynthesis of acetylcholine (By similarity).
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Save 54% Lindberg - Calcium Citrate Plus Magnesium 360 Capsules Calcium Citrate Plus Magnesium Build and Maintain Healthy Bones* Calcium Citrate Plus Magnesium provides an easily absorbed citrate form of calcium to build and maintain healthy bones and teeth.* In human studies, calcium absorption from calcium citrate was 22% to 27% higher than the carbonate form of calcium.* Calcium citrate is also ideal for those with low stomach acid levels.* Magnesium is added to create a balanced calcium-to-magnesium ratio.
This study aimed to develop soy protein concentrate (SPC) from soybean. SPC was produced using different concentration of acetic and citric acid (40, 50 and 60%), purpose of developing the concentrate and residue was to get value add products rich in protein and fiber. The experimental work was also carried out to determine the chemical compositions of whole soybean seed, defatted soybean, SPC and soy protein residue (SPR) by proximate analysis i.e. moisture, ash, fat, fiber and protein contents. Citric acid and acetic acid being edible acids were used to get highest protein content of soy protein concentrate and to see the maximum yield as well. High protein content of 87.49% was obtained from SPC with 60% citric acid concentration and high fiber content of 13.36% was obtained from SPR with 50% citric acid concentration. While in case of ...
The present study examined whether infants show an acceptance for extreme sour tastes and whether acceptance of sour taste is related to infants fruit intake. Fruit intake of fifty-three infants at 6, 12 and 18 months was assessed using 3 d food records. Sour acceptance of these infants was studied at 18·1 (sd1·5) months. Acceptance for four solutions differing in citric acid concentrations (0·00 m, 0·013 m, 0·029 m and 0·065 m) was measured by allowing infants ad libitum ingestion of each solution over brief time periods. The base solution to which citric acid was added was blackcurrant squash diluted in water. Infants relative intake of each solution was used as a measure of sour acceptance. At 18 months, twelve infants readily accepted the two highest citric acid concentrations, whereas the remaining infants rejected these. Infants who accepted the most sour solutions had a significantly higher fruit intake (P = 0·025) and a higher fruit variety (P = 0·015) at 18 months than the ...
Bluebonnets Magnesium Citrate 400 mg 60 CapletsBluebonnets Magnesium Citrate 400 mg Caplets provide 400 mg of magnesium from chelated magnesium citrate in two easy-to-swallow caplets for maximum assimilation and absorption.Supplement Facts Serving Size 2 Caplets Amount Per Serving % Daily Value Magnesium(magnesium citrate) 400mg 100 * Daily Value not established Other Ingredients: Vegetable cellulose, stearic acid, silica, vegetable magnesium stearate, vegetable glaze. Free of milk, egg, fish, crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, wheat and soybeans. Also free of corn, yeast, gluten, barley, rice, sodium and sugar. Bluebonnet KOF-K Certification #K-0000700
Esperion Therapeutics Inc (Esperion) is a pharmaceutical company that develops and commercializes oral, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) therapies which are used for the treatment of patients with elevated LDL-C. The companys lead product candidate, Bempedoic acid((ETC-1002), an inhibitor of ATP Citrate Lyase (ACL), an enzyme on the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway which is designed to lower elevated levels of LDL-C. It reduces cholesterol biosynthesis, decreases intracellular cholesterol and up-regulates LDL-receptors, which results in increased LDL-C clearance and reduced plasma levels of LDL-C. ETC-1002 is in Phase III clinical trials. Its early-stage product candidates, ESP41091 and ApoA-1, are intended for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes, obesity and others. Esperion is headquartered in Ann Arbor, Michigan, the US.. Esperion Therapeutics Inc (ESPR)-Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare-Deals and ...
Aspergillus niger ATCC ® 11414™ Designation: A-1-233 [72-4, A60, IMI 75353, NRRL 2270, VTT D-77050] Application: degrades apple pomace produces 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase produces ATP citrate lyase produces aconitic hydrase produces carnitine acetyltransferase produces citric acid citrate produces polygalacturonase endopolygalacturonase, pectinase transformation host produces citric acid from apple pomace
它 具有3大功能3它能抑制脂肪的合成3原理就是在人体葡萄糖转为脂肪时3抑制其中一个ATP CITRATE LYASE的酶素 3使脂肪酸无法合成3拼且抑制糖解(Glycolysis(作用的进行》促进脂肪酸的燃烧3迅速激活肾上腺素加快脂肪消耗3分解燃烧大量的脂肪》和减少脂 肪的吸收3藤黄果含有丰富的植物纤维素能使胃具有饱和感3使人体减少食物的取入 ...
Citric acid crystals. Polarized light micrograph of a section through crystals of citric acid (tricarboxylic acid). Citric acid can be obtained from natural products such as the juices of citric fruits e.g.. lemons. It is also obtained by fermentation of glucose (citric acid cycle) and by synthesis. Magnification: x200 when printed at 10 centimetres tall. - Stock Image C026/2620
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.LongDesc { font-family: Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; font-variant: normal; color: #666; } Bluebonnet - Liquid Calcium Magnesium Citrate Strawberry Flavor - 16 fl ozBluebonnets Liquid Calcium Magnesium Citrate Plus Vitamin D3 provides calcium in a chelate of calcium citrate (600 mg), as well as magnesium (300 mg) in a chelate of magnesium citrate and magnesium aspartate in a naturally delicious mixed berry flavor. Plus, this formula contains vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) (400 IU) from natural lanolin. Available in an easy-to-swallow liquid form for maximum assimilation and absorption.KOF-K certification #0003138 Supplement Facts Serving Size 1 Tablespoon (15 mL) Amount Per Serving % Daily Value 5 Calories
China High Quality Food Additive Sodium Citrate, Find details about China Sodium Citrate, Citrate from High Quality Food Additive Sodium Citrate - Hugestone Enterprise Co., Ltd.
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Low prices on Calcium Citrate! Calcium citrate can be taken on an empty stomach. Calcium citrate is one of the two main forms of calcium (the other is calcium carbonate). Those with reduced levels of stomach acid can absorb calcium citrate more easily than other forms of calcium. It can be taken with or without food.
Dublin, Oct. 14, 2013-- Research and Markets has announced the addition of the Sodium citrate Market Research Report 2012 report to their offering. Sodium citrate Market Research Report 2012 presents comprehensive data on sodium citrate markets globally and regionally The report includes sodium citrate description, covers its application areas and related patterns.
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Montardy, M.C.; Lambert, C., 1977: Different absorptive properties of citrate malate and succinate by the lutoids of latex of hevea brasiliensis
Pedialyte Powder Packets Provide (Per 8.5 g Packet/8 FL OZ [1 Cup] Reconstituted With Water): Sodium. 10.6 mEq; Potassium 4.7 mEq: Chloride, 8.3 mEq; Dextrose, 5.7 g; Calories, 23.. 2 Powder Packets Per Flavor:. Fruit Punch Ingredients: Anhydrous dextrose, citric acid, malic acid, potassium citrate, salt, sodium citrate; Less Than 2% of: Artificial flavor, sucralose, acesulfame potassium and red 40.. Grape Ingredients: Anhydrous dextrose, citric acid, malic acid, potassium citrate, salt, sodium citrate; Less Than 2% of: Natural and artificial flavor, sucralose acesulfame potassium, red 40 and blue 1.. Apple Ingredients: Anhydrous dextrose, citric acid, malic acid, potassium citrate, salt, sodium citrate: Less Than 2% of: Artificial flavor, caramel color, sucralose and acesulfame potassium.. Strawberry Ingredients: Anhydrous dextrose, citric acid, malic acid, potassium ...
Catalyzes the cleavage of citrate into oxaloacetate and acetyl-CoA, the latter serving as common substrate for de novo cholesterol and fatty acid synthesis.
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ACLY antibody - middle region (ARP42736_P050) | Application: WB | ACLY is strongly supported by BioGPS gene expression data to be expressed in Human ACHN cells | Alias: ACL; ATPCL; CLATP
ACLY - ACLY - Human, 4 unique 29mer shRNA constructs in retroviral untagged vector shRNA available for purchase from OriGene - Your Gene Company.
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Chlorpheniramine + codeine + sodium citrate + menthol is used in the treatment of .get complete information about chlorpheniramine + codeine + sodium citrate + menthol including usage, side effects, drug interaction, expert advice along with medicines associated with chlorpheniramine + codeine + sodium citrate + menthol at 1mg.com
Abstract:. Dissolution of amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) in aqueous citrate at varying pH has been studied with perspective of increasing availability of calcium from sidestreams of whey protein, lactose and/or cheese production or on development of new functional foods. ACP formed as an initial precipitate in 0.10 mol L-1 equimolar aqueous calcium chloride, sodium citrate, and sodium hydrogenphosphate was used as model for mineral residues formed during milk processing. Upon acidification of the ACP suspension by hydrochloric acid decreasing pH from 6.5 to 4.5, the transformations of ACP occurred through an 8 h period of supersaturation prior to a slow precipitation of calcium citrate tetrahydrate. This robust supersaturation, which may explain increased availability of calcium phosphates in presence of citrate, presented a degree of supersaturation of 7.1 and was characterized by ...
Current research indicates that calcium in the citrate/malate form is better absorbed than traditional forms of calcium. Included in this formula is the trace mineral boron. Studies from the USDA indicate that boron may reduce the bodys excretion of calcium and help increase bone densityIngredients: Serving Size: 1 capsule Vitamin C (as Ascorbyl Palmitate) 10 mg Calcium (as Calcium Citrate/Malate) 100 mg Magnesium (as Magnesium Citrate) 100 mg Potassium (as Potassium Citrate) 25 mg Zinc (as Zinc Picolinate) 5 mg Boron (as Boron Citrate and Boron Aspartate) 500 mcg Other ingredients: gelatin capsule Preservative and Excipient-free.
Buy Walmart Equate Cherry Flavor Magnesium Citrate Oral Solution Saline Laxative online in Houston, San Antonio. Get best deal on all Equate Cherry Flavor Magnesium Citrate Oral Solution Saline Laxative delivery online in Austin at grocery delivery website - Burpy.com
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Magnesium citrate is a beneficial supplement for certain groups that have an increased chance of developing magnesium deficiency, specifically the older people and those with diabetics. Women who utilize oral contraceptives might need additional magnesium also. Furthermore, premenstrual syndrome symptoms also appear to positively respond to magnesium citrate supplements. Not only does it eliminate magnesium deficiencies, but this particular supplement also has a calming benefit on an individuals body.. 2. Mild laxative ...
Abstract: The present investigation deals with the effect of vegetative inoculum on submerged citric acid fermentation by Aspergillus niger using stirred bioreactor. All fermentations were carried out following growth on 15% raw molasses sugars for 144 h. Ferrocyanide (200 ppm) was used to control the trace metals present in the molasses medium. The maximum production of citric acid was obtained when 1.0% vegetative inoculum was used. The dry cell mass and sugar consumption were 18.5 and 96.55 g l-1, respectively. The mycelia were intermediate round pellets in their morphology. The specific productivity (qp = 0.074±0.02a g g-1 cells h-1) was several folds higher than many other workers. ...
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a form of extended heart/lung bypass support that has been used to treat more than 650 patients over 20 years at Vanderbilt. Over 29,000 patients have been treated worldwide. Bleeding is the most common complication during ECMO because of systemic anticoagulation with heparin. It is most commonly seen in patients following surgery either preceding or while on ECMO support. Regional citrate anticoagulation for hemodialysis was first introduced in 1961. It is the ideal alternative to heparin in patients who are at increased risk for bleeding. It permits effective anticoagulation across the extracorporeal circuit without impacting the patients systemic coagulation. Citrate functions by binding free calcium, thereby inhibiting coagulation in both the intrinsic and extrinsic coagulation pathways. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of citrate as a regional anticoagulant in the ECMO circuit in high risk ...
The citrate lyase activation starts with a 3-dephospho-CoA reacting with ATP and a hydrogen ion through a triphosphoribosyl-dephospho-CoA synthase resulting in a adenine and a 2-(5-triphospho-alpha-D-ribosyl)-3-dephospho-CoA. The latter compound in turn reacts with with a citrate lyase acyl-carrier protein through a apo-citrate lyase phosphoribosyl-dephospho-CoA transferase resulting in the release of a pyrophosphate and a hydrogen ion and a holo citrate lyase acyl-carrier protein.This protein complex can either react with a hydrogen ion and a acetate resulting in the release of a water and an acetyl-holo citrate lyase acyl-carrier protein. The holo acyl-carrier protein creacts with an ATP and an acetate through a ...
Retinoic acid (RA), at 1-10 microM, inhibited adipose conversion of 3T3-F442A cells as determined by the activities of lipogenic enzymes, glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (GPD) and malic enzyme. This inhibition was reversible by RA removal, but the increase in lipogenic enzyme activities was considerably delayed in a dose-dependent manner. The onset of the two lipogenic enzyme activities could be regulated somewhat independently, suggesting that expression of the two enzymes is subject to noncoordinated regulation. The RA-inhibited cells had a more flattened and elongated shape, suggesting cytoskeletal changes. Cytochalasin B (CB) did not prevent RA inhibition and did not promote adipose conversion in cultures supplemented with nonadipogenic medium. Reversion of inhibition was accelerated if cells were cultured for 3 days with adipogenic medium containing CB. The drug promoted an early increase in lipogenic enzyme activities. On the other hand, cells cultured on ...
Expression of ACLY (ACL, ATPCL, CLATP) in adrenal gland tissue. Antibody staining with HPA022434, HPA022953, HPA022959, HPA028758 and CAB007783 in immunohistochemistry.
Five groups of five lactating rabbits each were used. Milk yield was recorded from the 8th day of lactation onwards and on the 10th day of lactation the rabbits received the following treatments: Group S, sham-operation with saline (1 ml/12 h); Group P, hypophysectomy with sheep prolactin (1 mg/12 h); Group H, hypophysectomy with human growth hormone (1 mg/12 h); Group B, hypophysectomy with bovine growth hormone (1 mg/12 h) and Group C, hypophysectomy with saline (1 ml/12 h). The injections of saline or hormones were continued for 5 days and at the end of this period a blood sample was taken, the animals were killed and their mammary glands removed for histological examination and assay of the following enzymes: 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.44), phosphofructokinase (EC 2.7.1.11), phosphoglucomutase (EC 2.7.5.1), UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (EC 2.7.7.9), acetyl-CoA carboxylase (EC 6.4.1.2), acetyl-CoA synthetase (EC 6.2.1.1) and ATP-citrate ...
Modification of chromatin structure is usually thought of as a global, relatively nonspecific way of modulating gene expression. However, Wellen et al. (see the Perspective by Rathmell and Newgard) demonstrate that such regulation helps link growth factor-stimulated increases in metabolism to appropriate changes in gene expression. ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), which converts citrate to acetyl-CoA in the mitochondria of mammalian cells during metabolism of glucose, was also found to be present in the nucleus, where it might regulate activity of histone acetyl transferases (HATs) by controlling the availability of acetyl-CoA. Indeed, depletion of ACL from cultured human colon carcinoma cells specifically decreased histone acetylation in the nucleus but appeared not to affect the overall amount of acetylation of proteins in the cells. Loss of ACL in cultured mouse 3T3-L1 cells diminished the increase in histone ...
GenBank) ATP-dependent carboxylate-amine ligase-like, ATP-grasp:Succinyl-CoA synthetase, beta subunit:ATP-citrate lyase/succinyl-CoA ...
Taken together, these results further confirmed that (-)-HCA could reduce body weight gain through promoting energy expenditure via its effect on increasing thyroid hormones levels. (-)-Hydroxycitric acid inhibits ATP-citrate lyase and increases the cellular pool of citrate, which in turn inhibits glycolysis and thus redirects the carbon sources for glycogen production within the liver or muscle (Cheng et al., 2012; Shara et al., 2003). No changes were observed on the glucose content, while 1000 mg/kg (-)HCA treatment significantly increased the hepatic glycogen and muscle glycogen contents in rats. Our results is similar to previous study results that show glycogen levels in skeletal muscle are increased after (-)-HCA supplementation in animal models (Ishihara et al., 2000) or in human (Cheng et al., 2012). Our results showed that 2000 mg/kg and 3000 mg/kg (-)-HCA treatment significantly increased insulin ...
Nicole Del pine r alise de nombreuses publications au niveau national et international : congr s de lAACR (American Association for Cancer Research) - Chicago USA, Tolerance of oral lipoid acid and hydroxycitrate combination in cancer patients : first approach
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , Nordic Immunological Lab \ rabbit IgG against Enterobacter aerogenes Citrate lyase \ NE039/7S for more molecular products just contact us
Niebla limicola is a fruticose lichen that grows on barren mud flats and on sand among salt scrub along the Pacific Coast of the Vizcaíno Desert, of Baja California from San Vicente Canyon to Scammons Lagoon (Guerrero Negro). The epithet, limicola is in reference to the thallus growing on barren (alkali) soil. Niebla limicola is distinguished by a hemispherical thallus lying loose on soil without a central holdfast (terricolous), divided into variously shaped branches, partly narrow in length and prismatic in cross section, and partly flattened and dilated from which short acicular bifurcating branchlets arise, the thallus up to 10 cm high and 15 cm across. The species (N. limicola) also recognized by containing salazinic acid (without triterpenes), and by a relatively thin cortex, (0-)45-75 µm thick, appearing to erode on dilated parts of branches; the thinner cortex evidently related to the contorted appearance of the branches in addition to the medulla being partly hollow (fistulose). The ...
Lipoprotein lipase is heterogeneous, and it was suggested that the enzyme in adipose tissue is transformed from a species of mol. wt. approx. 120000 to forms of much higher molecular weight as it is secreted from the fat-cell. This paper demonstrates that the forms of higher molecular weight are probably artifacts. Enzyme preparations were characterized by gel filtration, by density-gradient centrifugation and by affinity chromatography. The results indicate that the enzyme forms of mol. wt. greater than 120000 result from an association of the enzyme with particulate material. It is therefore necessary to reconsider schemes that have recently been proposed for the synthesis and export of lipoprotein lipase. ...
Farnesylcysteine lyase (EC 1.8.3.6, FC lyase, FCLY) is an enzyme with systematic name S-(2E,6E)-farnesyl-L-cysteine oxidase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction S-(2E,6E)-farnesyl-L-cysteine + O2 + H2O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } (2E,6E)-farnesal + L-cysteine + H2O2 Farnesylcysteine lyase is a flavoprotein (FAD). Huizinga, D.H.; Denton, R.; Koehler, K.G.; Tomasello, A.; Wood, L.; Sen, S.E.; Crowell, D.N. (2010). "Farnesylcysteine lyase is involved in negative regulation of abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis". Mol Plant. 3 (1): 143-155. doi:10.1093/mp/ssp091. PMC 2807925 . PMID 19969520. Crowell, D.N.; Huizinga, D.H.; Deem, A.K.; Trobaugh, C.; Denton, R.; Sen, S.E. (2007). "Arabidopsis thaliana plants possess a specific farnesylcysteine lyase that is involved in detoxification and recycling of farnesylcysteine". Plant J. 50 (5): 839-847. doi:10.1111/j.1365-313X.2007.03091.x. ...
Abstract of a clinical trial in overweight females taking HCA before meals. Those taking the drug lost more weight, but there was no correlation with satiety. ...
The immunogen was a 14-residue peptide matching a sequence from the C Terminus of Human, Mouse, Rat ATP6AP2 (See Accession Number(s): NP_005756.2 ...
Malonate decarboxylase, like citrate lyase, has a unique acyl carrier protein subunit with a prosthetic group derived from, and distinct from, coenzyme A. Members of this protein family are the phosphoribosyl-dephospho-CoA transferase specific to the malonate decarboxylase system. This enzyme can also be designated holo-ACP synthase (2.7.7.61). The corresponding component of the citrate lyase system, CitX, shows little or no sequence similarity to this family ...
Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an exon and contains two additional 3 terminal exons, compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5-most expected translational start codon, as used in variant 1, renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD ...
Background Exhibits a cytosolic function in lipogenesis, adipogenic differentiation, and lipid homeostasis by increasing the activity of ACLY, possibly preventing its dephosphorylation. May act as a transcriptional repressor....
Chapter 16 (Part 3). Fatty acid Synthesis. ACP vs. Coenzyme A. Citrate Lyase. Citrate synthase. Malate dehydrogenase. Pyruvate carboxylase. Malate Enzyme. Fatty Acid Synthesis Occurs in the Cytosol. Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase. Acetyl-CoA + HCO 3 - + ATP  malonyl-CoA + ADP. Slideshow...
Hellman, B; Thelander, L; and Taljedal, I, "Postnatal growth of the epididymal adipose tissue in yellow obese mice." (1963). Subject Strain Bibliography 1963. 1156 ...
Shop L-malyl-CoA/beta-methylmalyl-CoA lyase ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and L-malyl-CoA/beta-methylmalyl-CoA lyase Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
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The present study was performed to elucidate whether SeCys-conjugates are able to protect renal tubular cells (LLC-PK1 cells) against cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity. In addition to the wild-type LLC-PK1 cell line, cells stably expressing rat kidney β-lyase/GTK (R1J cells) were used. The latter cells were constructed by Goldfarb et al. (1996) by transfection of full-length cDNA coding for rat β-lyase/GTK (Perry et al., 1993) into the LLC-PK1 cell line. Expression of immunoreactive β-lyase/GTK in R1J cells was confirmed by Western blotting. In agreement with this, the R1J cells showed an 8- to 12-fold higher β-lyase activity compared with the LLC-PK1cells, depending on the substrate used. A similar effect was reported previously by Goldfarb et al. (1996) usingS-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-l-cysteine as a substrate, although the β-lyase activity in R1J cells was up to 100-fold that of the parental cell line. As shown ...
A lyase is an enzyme that catalyzes the breaking of various chemical bonds by means other than hydrolysis and oxidation forming usually a double bond, or that conversely add groups to double bonds. The reverse process is performed by synthetase (ligase). ...
Definition of O-succinylhomoserine (thiol)-lyase. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Definition of ß-hydroxy-ß-methylglutaryl- lyase. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
PathwayCommons: humancyc Pathway. superpathway of conversion of glucose to acetyl CoA and entry into the TCA cycle onclick="removeFacet(PathwayCommons: humancyc Pathway/superpathway of conversion of glucose to acetyl CoA and entry into the TCA cycle)"> PathwayCommons: humancyc Pathway superpathway of conversion of glucose to acetyl CoA and entry into the TCA cycle ...
The enzyme encoded by this gene is responsible for the catalysis and formation of S-lactoyl-glutathione from methylglyoxal condensation and reduced glutatione. Glyoxalase I is linked to HLA and is localized to 6p21.3-p21.1, between HLA and the centromere. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008 ...
MetabolismPurines, pyrimidines, nucleosides, and nucleotidesPurine ribonucleotide biosynthesisadenylosuccinate lyase (TIGR00928; EC 4.3.2.2; HMM-score: 76) ...
Cancer Monthly provides information about 100s of cancer treatments so that patients can compare therapy differences, longest survival rates, toxicity, side effects, hospitals, and many other facts, to have more meaningful discussions with their doctors, and ultimately, make more informed treatment decisions.
Last year Aras was the first PLM vendor to provide embedded CAD to 3D PDF conversion capabilities. It is now an inherent part of the Aras Innovator PLM for subscribers and enables users across the enterprise to view all formats of product data in a single, common user interface without buying additional software. As a result, there is no need for a separate visualization tool. One of the powerful 3D tools available in the Adobe Reader is the 3D measurement tool. Anyone with Adobe Reader XI can easily measure and markup rich engineering data saved in the 3D PDF file format.
Issue reports are a crucial aspect of software development. They enable collaboration and communication of faults and task. However, issue reports are only helpful if they provide meaningful information, which is often not the case. Such low-quality issue reports induce a multitude of problems: Developers lose time figuring out the issue. Both time needed to complete the issue and its priority are harder to estimate. Assigning issues to the right developer is more difficult. To alleviate these negative impacts, commonly a triager is taking the responsibility to assess issue reports. However, this process is time consuming and cannot fill in missing information. Since issue reports provide insight into a projects changes and faults over time, they are an often used data source for bug prediction, that is the inference of knowledge about past and future bugs. But the quality of such predictions depends on the quality of the ...
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Very well explained, thank you very much. The div structure you mention is the one I used, but the background image (film strip) was in the wrong div. Locally, on my machine, I corrected the situation: I put the background image (film strip) in the container, and removed it from menuside. Now it appears ok in IE6 but not in Firefox nor Chrome. On those 2 browsers, the film strip does not go down all the way.. Using Firebug, I can see the container stops about 1/3 of content side??? How can it be possible?. I just made some more tests and I can see that when I reduce the browser window (firefox and chrome), the film strip shortens too! It looks like the height of the container varies with the height of the browsers window (no matter the size of the contentside), with some kind of fixed offset from the bottom of the window.. The maximum height of the film strip (or container) seems to be reached when the browser window is maximized to full screen. (I wish I would have a longer ...
COUGH Cough, as a leading symptom, would certainly be in the top 10 of reasons for seeing a GP. A cough in a child seems to cause more concern, even when it has not been present very long, whereas in adults
The BookReader requires JavaScript to be enabled. Please check that your browser supports JavaScript and that it is enabled in the browser settings. You can also try one of the other formats of the book. ...
... This article shows how you can modify the partitioning of your Linux system with GParted (...
Well, there are a lot of work to get localizations to work after the slaughter of accounting and it was a surprise that we will have lost the concept of period and fiscal year. Are there any plans for the OCA to "fore port" (backport in reverse) periods and fiscal years? It will take man-years to recreate the localizations for Sweden for v9, if there are any customers that want to pay somebody for the work, as it looks like now. Regards, Anders Wallenquist , , Hope it helps, , , -- , Fabien , , _______________________________________________ , Mailing-List: https://www.odoo.com/groups/community-59 , Post to: mailto:[email protected] , Unsubscribe: https://www.odoo.com/groups?unsubscribe ...
WLAN is an exciting technology that is about to take over the market completely for the simple reason that it is very easily accessible. This makes it harder to spot places where the signal does not reach and therefore have developed software that makes it possible to simulate a visual coverage map.. The goal of this paper is to describe techniques, noise and emissions that occur within the WLAN. The survey and comparison is made on Carlshöjdsskolans wireless infrastructure where theres a dozen accesspoints.. ...

ATP citrate lyase is an important component of cell growth and transformation.  - PubMed - NCBIATP citrate lyase is an important component of cell growth and transformation. - PubMed - NCBI

ATP Citrate (pro-S)-Lyase/physiology*. *Amino Acid Sequence. *Cell Division/physiology* ... ATP citrate lyase is an important component of cell growth and transformation.. Bauer DE1, Hatzivassiliou G, Zhao F, Andreadis ... the ability of cells to produce cytosolic acetyl CoA from mitochondria-derived citrate through the action of ATP citrate lyase ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16007201?dopt=Abstract

KEGG ENZYME: 2.3.3.8KEGG ENZYME: 2.3.3.8

adenosine triphosphate citrate lyase;. citrate cleavage enzyme;. citrate-ATP lyase;. citric cleavage enzyme;. ATP citrate (pro- ... ATP citrate synthase;. ATP-citric lyase;. ATP:citrate oxaloacetate-lyase [(pro-S)-CH2COO--,acetyl-CoA] (ATP-dephosphorylating); ... Isolation of enzymically active fragments formed by limited proteolysis of ATP citrate lyase. ... ATP citrate (pro-S)-lyase. K15230 ATP-citrate lyase alpha-subunit. K15231 ATP-citrate lyase beta-subunit. ...
more infohttps://www.genome.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?enzyme+2.3.3.8

Cloning of cDNA sequences for murine malic enzyme and ATP citrate lyase. Evidence for the pretranslational regulation of...Cloning of cDNA sequences for murine malic enzyme and ATP citrate lyase. Evidence for the pretranslational regulation of...

Sul, HS, Wise, LS, Brown, ML & Rubin, CS 1984, Cloning of cDNA sequences for murine malic enzyme and ATP citrate lyase. ... T1 - Cloning of cDNA sequences for murine malic enzyme and ATP citrate lyase. Evidence for the pretranslational regulation of ... Cloning of cDNA sequences for murine malic enzyme and ATP citrate lyase. Evidence for the pretranslational regulation of ... Cloning of cDNA sequences for murine malic enzyme and ATP citrate lyase. Evidence for the pretranslational regulation of ...
more infohttps://einstein.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/cloning-of-cdna-sequences-for-murine-malic-enzyme-and-atp-citrate-2

ATP-citrate lyase Antibody Phospho (pT447/pS451) - Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody WB, IF - Buy Now! |AbgentATP-citrate lyase Antibody Phospho (pT447/pS451) - Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody WB, IF - Buy Now! |Abgent

ATP-citrate lyase Antibody Phospho (pT447/pS451), Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody validated in WB, IF (AJ1067c), Abgent ... ATP-citrate synthase, ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase, ACL, Citrate cleavage enzyme, ACLY. ... pro-S) lyase was used as immunogen. The antibody only detects ATP-citrate (pro-S) lyase phosphorylated on Threonine 447 and ... ATP citrate lyase (ACLY), also known as ATP citrate synthase, is the primary enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cytosolic ...
more infohttp://www.abgent.com/products/AJ1067c-ATP-citrate-lyase-Antibody-Phospho-pT447pS451

ACLY - ATP-citrate synthase - Bos taurus (Bovine) - ACLY gene & proteinACLY - ATP-citrate synthase - Bos taurus (Bovine) - ACLY gene & protein

ATP-citrate synthase is the primary enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cytosolic acetyl-CoA in many tissues. Has a central ... ATP-citrate synthase (EC:2.3.3.8). Alternative name(s):. ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase ... IPR014608. ATP-citrate_synthase. IPR017440. Cit_synth/succinyl-CoA_lig_AS. IPR032263. Citrate-bd. IPR016142. Citrate_synth-like ... IPR014608. ATP-citrate_synthase. IPR017440. Cit_synth/succinyl-CoA_lig_AS. IPR032263. Citrate-bd. IPR016142. Citrate_synth-like ...
more infohttp://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q32PF2

ATP-citrate lyase from the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium limicola is a heteromeric enzyme composed of two distinct gene...ATP-citrate lyase from the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium limicola is a heteromeric enzyme composed of two distinct gene...

ATP-citrate lyase, one of the key enzymes of this cycle, was partially purified from C. limicola strain M1 and the N-terminal ... ATP-citrate lyase, one of the key enzymes of this cycle, was partially purified from C. limicola strain M1 and the N-terminal ... ATP-citrate lyase, one of the key enzymes of this cycle, was partially purified from C. limicola strain M1 and the N-terminal ... ATP-citrate lyase, one of the key enzymes of this cycle, was partially purified from C. limicola strain M1 and the N-terminal ...
more infohttps://okayama.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/atp-citrate-lyase-from-the-green-sulfur-bacterium-chlorobium-limi

Anti-ATP citrate lyase 抗体 (ab117239) | アブカムAnti-ATP citrate lyase 抗体 (ab117239) | アブカム

ATP citrate lyase抗体一覧…画像、プロトコール、文献などWeb上の情報 ... ATP citrate (pro-S) lyase antibody. *ATP citrate lyase antibody. *ATP citrate synthase antibody ... Anti-ATP citrate lyase antibody. ATP citrate lyase 一次抗体 製品一覧. ... All lanes : Anti-ATP citrate lyase antibody (ab117239) at 1 µg/ml. Lane 1 : Human brain tissue lysate -
more infohttp://www.abcam.co.jp/atp-citrate-lyase-antibody-ab117239.html

Code System ConceptCode System Concept

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) citrate (pro-3S)-lyase Current Synonym true false 2915187013 Adenosine triphosphate citrate (pro- ... Adenosine triphosphate citrate (pro-3S)-lyase (substance). Code System Preferred Concept Name. Adenosine triphosphate citrate ( ... Enzyme (substance) {90668006 , SNOMED-CT } Substance with lyase mechanism of action (substance) {21533003 , SNOMED-CT } ... ATP citrate (pro-3S)-lyase Current Synonym true false 25954013 Citrate cleavage enzyme Current Synonym true false ...
more infohttps://phinvads.cdc.gov/vads/ViewCodeSystemConcept.action?oid=2.16.840.1.113883.6.96&code=15297009

Citrate cleavage enzyme and fatty acid synthesis.<...Citrate cleavage enzyme and fatty acid synthesis.<...

Citrates ATP Citrate (pro-S)-Lyase Carbon Isotopes Lyases Experimental Diabetes Mellitus ... Foster, D. W., & Srere, P. (1968). Citrate cleavage enzyme and fatty acid synthesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 243(8), ... Foster, D. W. ; Srere, P. / Citrate cleavage enzyme and fatty acid synthesis. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1968 ; Vol. ... Foster, DW & Srere, P 1968, Citrate cleavage enzyme and fatty acid synthesis., Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 243, no ...
more infohttps://hungary.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/citrate-cleavage-enzyme-and-fatty-acid-synthesis

Global Transcriptome Sequencing Reveals Molecular Profiles of Summer Diapause Induction Stage of Onion Maggot, Delia antiqua ...Global Transcriptome Sequencing Reveals Molecular Profiles of Summer Diapause Induction Stage of Onion Maggot, Delia antiqua ...

Genes encoding citrate synthase, isocitrate dehydrogenase, ATP citrate (pro-S)-lyase, aconitate hydratase, and isocitrate ... Significantly rhythmical expression patterns of genes involved in steroid biosynthesis, fatty acid metabolism, the citrate ... as influenced by ATP, predict their role in protein maintenance and stress tolerance throughout diapause. During diapause, the ...
more infohttp://www.g3journal.org/content/8/1/207.full

Metabolic studies on the development of ethanol-induced fatty liver in KK-Ay mice | MetaMetabolic studies on the development of ethanol-induced fatty liver in KK-Ay mice | Meta

Enzymic studies indicated that the activities of acetyl COA carboxylase, ATP citrate lyase, malic enzyme, and 6- ... ATP Citrate (pro-S)-Lyase. Fatty Liver, Alcoholic. Fatty Acids, Unsaturated. Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase ...
more infohttps://www.meta.org/papers/metabolic-studies-on-the-development-of-ethanol-in/477

Anti-ATP Citrate Lyase Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody | VWRAnti-ATP Citrate Lyase Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody | VWR

Citrate cleavage enzyme, ATP-citrate synthase, ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase, ATP citrate synthase, CLATP, ATP citrate lyase, ... Anti-ATP Citrate Lyase Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody. Anti-ATP Citrate Lyase Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody. Supplier: Novus ... The ATP Citrate Lyase Antibody from Novus Biologicals is a rabbit polyclonal antibody to ATP Citrate Lyase. This antibody ... The ATP Citrate Lyase Antibody has been validated for the following applications: Western Blot, Immunohistochemistry, ...
more infohttps://us.vwr.com/store/product/23012289/anti-atp-citrate-lyase-rabbit-polyclonal-antibody

ATP Citrate Lyase Lysates: Novus BiologicalsATP Citrate Lyase Lysates: Novus Biologicals

Browse our ATP Citrate Lyase Lysate catalog backed by our Guarantee+. ... ATP Citrate Lyase Lysates available through Novus Biologicals. ... ATP citrate synthase lysate, ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase lysate ... ATP Citrate Lyase Lysates. We offer ATP Citrate Lyase Lysates for use in common research applications: Western Blot. Each ATP ... Our ATP Citrate Lyase Lysates can be used in a variety of model species. Use the list below to choose the ATP Citrate Lyase ...
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CORE - SuchergebnisseCORE - Suchergebnisse

ATP:citrate (pro-3S)-lyase (1). Antibiotic Resistance (1). mehr .... Bacillus subtillis (1). Carnitine (1). Cell biology (1). ... ATP:citrate (pro-3S)-lyase (1). Antibiotic Resistance (1). Bacillus subtillis (1). ... Structure of the Prosthetic Group of Klebsiella Aerogenes Citrate (pro-3S)-Lyase ...
more infohttps://core.coll.mpg.de/Search/Results?lookfor=&type=AllFields&filter%5B%5D=topic_facet%3A%22Coenzyme+A%22&filter%5B%5D=topic_facet%3A%22research-article%22&view=list

ATP citrate synthase - WikipediaATP citrate synthase - Wikipedia

... adenosine triphosphate citrate lyase, citrate cleavage enzyme, citrate-ATP lyase, citric cleavage enzyme, and ATP citrate (pro- ... Other names in common use include ATP-citric lyase, ATP:citrate oxaloacetate-lyase [(pro-S)-CH2COOacetyl-CoA], (ATP- ... "Isolation of enzymically active fragments formed by limited proteolysis of ATP citrate lyase". Eur. J. Biochem. 125 (3): 645-50 ... In enzymology, an ATP citrate synthase (EC 2.3.3.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ADP + phosphate + acetyl- ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATP_citrate_synthase

Acly - ATP-citrate synthase - Rattus norvegicus (Rat) - Acly gene & proteinAcly - ATP-citrate synthase - Rattus norvegicus (Rat) - Acly gene & protein

Catalyzes the cleavage of citrate into oxaloacetate and acetyl-CoA, the latter serving as common substrate for de novo ... ATP-citrate synthase, EC 2.3.3.8 (ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase) (Citrate cleavage enzyme) ... ATP-citrate synthase, EC 2.3.3.8 (ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase) (Citrate cleavage enzyme) ... ATP-citrate synthase, EC 2.3.3.8 (ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase) (Citrate cleavage enzyme) ...
more infohttps://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/G3V9G4

Anti-ATP Citrate Lyase Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody | VWRAnti-ATP Citrate Lyase Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody | VWR

Learn more about Anti-ATP Citrate Lyase Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody. We enable science by offering product choice, services, ... ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase, ATP citrate lyase, Citrate cleavage enzyme, ATPCL, ATP citrate synthase, CLATP, ATP-citrate ... Home , Antibodies , Anti-ATP Citrate Lyase Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody. Anti-ATP Citrate Lyase Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody. ... The ATP Citrate Lyase Antibody from Novus Biologicals is a rabbit polyclonal antibody to ATP Citrate Lyase. This antibody ...
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List of MeSH codes (D08) - WikipediaList of MeSH codes (D08) - Wikipedia

... atp citrate (pro-s)-lyase MeSH D08.811.913.050.350 --- carnitine acyltransferases MeSH D08.811.913.050.350.170 --- carnitine O- ... tyrosine phenol-lyase MeSH D08.811.520.232.300 --- amidine-lyases MeSH D08.811.520.232.300.200 --- adenylosuccinate lyase MeSH ... oxo-acid-lyases MeSH D08.811.520.224.600.200 --- anthranilate synthase MeSH D08.811.520.224.600.700 --- isocitrate lyase MeSH ... ethanolamine ammonia-lyase MeSH D08.811.520.232.400.500 --- histidine ammonia-lyase MeSH D08.811.520.232.400.600 --- l-serine ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(D08)

biobar.ca - US Biologicalbiobar.ca - US Biological

A4001-35B -100ul : ATP-Citrate Lyase (ACL, ATP Citrate (pro-S) Lyase, ATP Citrate Synthase, Citrate Cleavage Enzyme, EC 2.3.3.8 ... A4001-35C -100ul : ATP-Citrate Lyase (ACL, ATP Citrate (pro-S) Lyase, ATP Citrate Synthase, Citrate Cleavage Enzyme, EC 2.3.3.8 ... A4001-35D -100ul : ATP-Citrate Lyase (ACL, ATP Citrate (pro-S) Lyase, ATP Citrate Synthase, Citrate Cleavage Enzyme, EC 2.3.3.8 ... ATP-Citrate Lyase, N-terminal GST tag, Recombinant, Human (ACLY, ATP Citrate (pro-S) Lyase, ATP Citrate Synthase, Citrate ...
more infohttps://www.biobar.ca/index.php?content=US_Biological&lang=en-CA&p=133

SUN 0414 protein (Sulfurovum sp. NBC371) - STRING interaction networkSUN 0414 protein (Sulfurovum sp. NBC371) - STRING interaction network

ATP citrate synthase, subunit 2; Similar to C terminus of ATP-citrate synthase (ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase) (606 aa) ... ATP citrate synthase, subunit 2; Similar to C terminus of ATP-citrate synthase (ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase) ... ATP citrate synthase, subunit 2; Similar to C terminus of ATP-citrate synthase (ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase) ... coupling the hydrolysis of succinyl-CoA to the synthesis of either ATP or GTP and thus represents the only step of substrate- ...
more infohttps://string-db.org/network/387093.SUN_0414

RegPhosRegPhos

ATP-citrate synthase (EC 2.3.3.8) (ATP-citrate (pro-S-)-lyase)(Citrate cleavage enzyme). 3. Show. ... ATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 1 (ATP-binding cassettetransporter 1) (ATP-binding cassette 1) (ABC-1) (Cholesterol ... Multidrug resistance protein 1 (EC 3.6.3.44) (ATP-binding cassettesub-family B member 1) (P-glycoprotein 1) (CD243 antigen). 2 ... Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) (cAMP-dependent chloride channel) (ATP-binding cassette transporter ...
more infohttp://regphos.mbc.nctu.edu.tw/browse_kinase_detail.php?group=AGC&family=PKA&subfamily=&kinase=PRKY

Interferons Increase Cell Resistance to Staphylococcal Alpha-Toxin | Infection and ImmunityInterferons Increase Cell Resistance to Staphylococcal Alpha-Toxin | Infection and Immunity

... pro-caspase-1, and ATP citrate lyase from Cell Signaling Technology (Danvers, MA); β-actin from Sigma-Aldrich; heat shock ... but slightly decreased the abundance of ATP citrate lyase, which is involved in the regulation of lipid biosynthesis by ... CHEX alone decreased ATP levels by 30 to 40% relative to ATP levels in the cells exposed to 0.1% DMSO, which was used as a ... Relative ATP levels were measured 2 h later. Asterisks denote a significant decrease of ATP levels 24 h after challenge with ...
more infohttps://iai.asm.org/content/76/2/571?ijkey=29a46b4e4b27660c7ebcdbcd2ef3283ffcc2c535&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

ATP-citrate synthase - TA501031 | acris-antibodies.comATP-citrate synthase - TA501031 | acris-antibodies.com

ATP citrate lyase is the primary enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cytosolic acetyl-CoA in many tissues. ... ACLY, ATP citrate (pro-S-)-lyase, Citrate cleavage enzyme. Presentation. Purified. Reactivity. Hu. ... TA501031 ATP-citrate synthase antibody anti-ACLY (ATP citrate lyase) mouse monoclonal antibody, clone OTI3G8 (formerly 3G8) ... Product Description for ATP-citrate synthase. Mouse anti Human ATP-citrate synthase OTI3G8.. Presentation: Purified. Product is ...
more infohttps://us.acris-antibodies.com/antibodies/primary-antibodies/atp-citrate-synthase-ta501031.htm

Does Garcinia Cambogia Extract Work / Garcinia Cambogia ProductsDoes Garcinia Cambogia Extract Work / Garcinia Cambogia Products

Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA) obstructs the enzyme adenosine triphosphate-citrate (pro-3S)-lyase, or ATP citrate (pro-3S)-lyasec ... HCA additionally inhibits the power regarding the liver enzyme ATP Cytrate Lyase accountable for switching carbs into fat. ...
more infohttp://best-weight-loss-tips.eu/GarciniaCambogiaExtract/does-garcinia-cambogia-extract-work
  • ATP-citrate lyase, one of the key enzymes of this cycle, was partially purified from C. limicola strain M1 and the N-terminal sequence of a 65-kDa protein was found to show similarity toward eukaryotic ATP-citrate lyase. (elsevier.com)
  • ATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 1 (ATP-binding cassettetransporter 1) (ATP-binding cassette 1) (ABC-1) (Cholesterol effluxregulatory protein). (nctu.edu.tw)
  • Historically, macrophage polarization was described in a dichotomous fashion with a pro-inflammatory response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide in combination with a Th1 cytokine interferon-γ (M1 response) as opposed to an anti-inflammatory response elicited by Th2 cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4) or IL-13 (M2 response) ( 2 - 4 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • The efflux of intracellular potassium and the influx of sodium are followed by the loss of transmembrane potential, shutdown of ATP production, and predominantly necrotic cell death ( 3 ). (asm.org)
  • Although several reactions provide acetyl-CoA for histone acetylation, ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) is considered to predominantly contribute to nuclear pool of acetyl-CoA ( 8 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Succinyl-CoA synthetase functions in the citric acid cycle (TCA), coupling the hydrolysis of succinyl-CoA to the synthesis of either ATP or GTP and thus represents the only step of substrate-level phosphorylation in the TCA. (string-db.org)
  • Because the reaction catalysed by CCS corresponds to the first half of that mediated by ACL, CCS may be responsible for citrate cleavage in H. thermophilus. (nih.gov)
  • These properties suggested that ATP-citrate lyase from C. limicola controlled the cycle flux depending on intracellular energy conditions. (elsevier.com)
  • Here we show that prior exposure to interferons (IFNs) prevents alpha-toxin-induced membrane permeabilization, the depletion of ATP, and cell death. (asm.org)
  • Each ATP Citrate Lyase Lysate is fully covered by our Guarantee+, to give you complete peace of mind and the support when you need it. (novusbio.com)