A family of RNA viruses with two genera: MAMASTROVIRUS and AVASTROVIRUS. They cause GASTROENTERITIS in humans and also infect other vertebrates.
Infections with ASTROVIRUS, causing gastroenteritis in human infants, calves, lambs, and piglets.
A genus of small, circular RNA viruses in the family ASTROVIRIDAE. They cause GASTROENTERITIS and are found in the stools of several vertebrates including humans. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route and there are at least eight human serotypes. The type species is Human astrovirus.
Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.
Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.
The type species of LYSSAVIRUS causing rabies in humans and other animals. Transmission is mostly by animal bites through saliva. The virus is neurotropic multiplying in neurons and myotubes of vertebrates.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
A protein-tyrosine kinase receptor that is closely related in structure to the INSULIN RECEPTOR. Although commonly referred to as the IGF-I receptor, it binds both IGF-I and IGF-II with high affinity. It is comprised of a tetramer of two alpha and two beta subunits which are derived from cleavage of a single precursor protein. The beta subunit contains an intrinsic tyrosine kinase domain.
A cell surface receptor for INSULIN. It comprises a tetramer of two alpha and two beta subunits which are derived from cleavage of a single precursor protein. The receptor contains an intrinsic TYROSINE KINASE domain that is located within the beta subunit. Activation of the receptor by INSULIN results in numerous metabolic changes including increased uptake of GLUCOSE into the liver, muscle, and ADIPOSE TISSUE.
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Virus diseases caused by CALICIVIRIDAE. They include HEPATITIS E; VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE; acute respiratory infections in felines, rabbit hemorrhagic disease, and some cases of gastroenteritis in humans.
A genus in the family CALICIVIRIDAE, associated with epidemic GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The type species, NORWALK VIRUS, contains multiple strains.
A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A genus of ASTROVIRIDAE infecting avian species and often involving extra-intestinal manifestations. The type species is Turkey astrovirus.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

Molecular epidemiology of childhood astrovirus infection in child care centers. (1/92)

This study assessed the role of human astrovirus (HAstV) in outbreaks and sporadic cases of diarrhea among children attending child care centers (CCCs) and determined the infecting astrovirus antigenic types by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequence analysis. Eight astrovirus outbreaks occurred in 6 CCCs. Of 179 children with diarrhea, 36 (20%) had astrovirus-associated diarrhea. Diarrhea stools obtained during diarrhea outbreaks were more likely to contain astrovirus (40/476) than were samples not associated with a diarrhea outbreak (14/452) (P<.001). Type-specific RT-PCR and DNA sequencing identified 5 outbreaks associated with HAstV-1 and 3 outbreaks with HAstV-2. Sequential outbreaks in 2 CCCs occurred with a different type in the same year. Phylogenetic analysis identified 6 clades of HAstV-1 and 2 clades of HAstV-2 during this 1-year surveillance. Astrovirus was a significant cause of diarrhea outbreaks, and 2 antigenic types were present in the community during 1 diarrhea season.  (+info)

Prevalence of group A rotavirus, human calicivirus, astrovirus, and adenovirus type 40 and 41 infections among children with acute gastroenteritis in Dijon, France. (2/92)

Group A rotaviruses, human caliciviruses, astroviruses, and adenovirus types 40 and 41 were detected by enzyme immunoassay or reverse transcription-PCR in 61, 14, 6, and 3% of stool specimens from 414 children consulting for gastroenteritis between 1995 and 1998. These data highlight the importance of caliciviruses in infantile gastroenteritis. Among these, Norwalk-like viruses belonging to genogroup II were predominant.  (+info)

Epidemiology of astrovirus infection in young children hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Melbourne, Australia, over a period of four consecutive years, 1995 to 1998. (3/92)

The incidence of astrovirus infection in children less than 5 years of age hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Melbourne, Australia, from 1995 to 1998 was determined. Astrovirus was detected in 40 of 449 specimens tested by Northern hybridization, and astrovirus infection was confirmed by reverse transcription-PCR with or without culture in CaCO-2 cells. This represented 3.0% (40 of 1, 327) of all children tested for enteric pathogens, including viral, bacterial, and parasitic pathogens, over the survey period. The incidences of astrovirus infection in each year were 4.4% (1995), 2. 2% (1996), 3.9% (1997), and 1.4% (1998). In 1995 and 1997, the incidences of astrovirus infection were greater than the incidence of infection with all individual bacterial pathogens and were either greater than or equal to the incidence of adenovirus infection. Astrovirus exhibited an unusual biennial winter peak of incidence that correlated with a greater incidence of serotype 1 virus and an increased rate of hospitalization of children aged 6 to 12 months. Uncommon (serotype 2 and 4) and rare (serotype 8) serotypes were detected during the survey period. Genetic analysis of ORF2 (which encodes the astrovirus capsid precursor) of Melbourne isolates showed nucleotide sequence variation from year to year. This was not accompanied by significant amino acid substitutions. However, geographical variation was apparent by comparison of Melbourne astrovirus isolates with prototype strains identified in the United Kingdom.  (+info)

Molecular characterization of an avian astrovirus. (4/92)

Astroviruses are known to cause enteric disease in several animal species, including turkeys. However, only human astroviruses have been well characterized at the nucleotide level. Herein we report the nucleotide sequence, genomic organization, and predicted amino acid sequence of a turkey astrovirus isolated from poults with an emerging enteric disease.  (+info)

Astrovirus diarrhea in Egyptian children. (5/92)

This study describes the epidemiology of astrovirus diarrhea among a population-based cohort of 397 children aged <3 years residing in rural Egypt from 1995 to 1998. The age-specific incidence rates of astrovirus diarrheal episodes per person-year were 0.38 for infants aged <6 months, 0.40 for those aged 6-11 months, 0.16 for those aged 12-23 months, and 0.05 for those aged 24-35 months. The overall incidence rate of astrovirus diarrhea was the same as that of rotavirus diarrhea, 0.19 episodes per person-year. Astrovirus infection was pathogenic and associated with severe dehydration in 17% of the cases. The most frequent serotype was HAstV-1, and, in order of decreasing frequency, HAstV-5, HAstV-8 and HAstV-3, HAstV-6, HAstV-4, and HAstV-2. In determining whether astrovirus diarrhea was associated with a reduced incidence of subsequent disease, there was evidence to suggest HAstV-1 homotypic immunity but not heterotypic immunity. Because we observed 38% of the incidence of astrovirus diarrhea to occur in infants aged <6 months, a candidate astrovirus vaccine would have to confer immunity very early in life.  (+info)

Identification and type distribution of astroviruses among children with gastroenteritis in Colombia and Venezuela. (6/92)

Astrovirus infections were detected by enzyme immunoassay in 12 (5%) of 251 stool samples from children with gastroenteritis from Bogota, Colombia. In addition, astroviruses were detected by reverse transcription-PCR in 3 (10%) of 29 stool samples negative for other enteric pathogens collected in Caracas, Venezuela, from children with gastroenteritis. Astrovirus type 1 was the most frequently detected virus.  (+info)

Molecular epidemiology of human astrovirus diarrhea among children from a periurban community of Mexico City. (7/92)

Human astroviruses (HAstVs) were detected in 23 stool samples from 365 diarrhea episodes among 214 children (<18 months old) prospectively monitored for diarrhea in Mexico City. Stool samples were tested by EIA and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. EIA was less sensitive (74%) and equally specific, compared with RT-PCR analysis using type-common primers for HAstV detection. Of 31 HAstV isolates, EIA typed 18 (69%) of 26 EIA-positive samples, and RT-PCR analysis typed 26 (84%) of 31 RT-PCR-positive samples. Phylogenetic analysis of the 3' end of the capsid region (363 nucleotides) confirmed the type assignment by EIA and RT-PCR analysis and determined the type for 5 previously untyped samples. Six HAstV antigenic types cocirculated in the community: HAstV-2 (42%), HAstV-4 (23%), HAstV-3 (13%), HAstV-1 (10%), HAstV-5 (6%), and HAstV-7 (6%). RT-PCR and sequence analysis provided more detailed epidemiology of HAstV in the community than did antigenic detection methods.  (+info)

Comparison of capsid sequences from human and animal astroviruses. (8/92)

We have sequenced the genomic 3'-end, including the structural gene, of human astrovirus (HAstV) serotype 7 and morphologically related viruses infecting pig (PAstV), sheep (OAstV) and turkey (TAstV-1). These sequences were compared with corresponding astrovirus sequences available in the nucleic acid databases, including sequences of the seven other HAstV serotypes, two other avian astroviruses (TAstV-2 and avian nephritis virus) and astrovirus from cat (FAstV). A 35 nt stem-loop motif near the 3'-end of the genome, previously described as being highly conserved, was present in all of the astroviruses except TAstV-2. In the N-terminal half of the capsid precursor protein, there were several short conserved peptide motifs. Otherwise the capsid proteins of astroviruses infecting different hosts were highly divergent. Calculation of genetic distances revealed that the distance between FAstV and HAstV is comparable to the largest distances between different HAstV serotypes. Higher similarities between the HAstV, FAstV and PAstV capsid sequences suggest interspecies transmissions involving humans, cats and pigs relatively recently in the evolutionary history of astroviruses.  (+info)

The prevalence of the recently identified astrovirus MLB1 in a cohort of children with diarrhea in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, was defined by reverse transcription-PCR. Of 254 stool specimens collected in 2008, 4 were positive for astrovirus MLB1. These results show that astrovirus MLB1 is circulating in North America.
MLB: The Net Result | A popular tout service selection is to recommend laying the run line with elite teams. Take a couple of losses following such a
It isnt enough that Barry Bonds has admitted the use of performance enhancing drugs to a grand jury. Now, MLB.com reports that the Giants have sought and obtained permission to have Bonds take his spring training at bats as a designated hitter. The Cincinnati Reds were given permission last weekend to use a DH in five home games starting Thursday so that Ken Griffey Jr. can bat without playing the field. In spring training, the DH usually is used only at the home parks of American League teams.. After I read that the Reds had approached MLB on this issue and were granted approval, I decided to call MLB myself and ask that Barry be accorded the same privilege while he recovers from his knee surgery, Giants assistant general manager Ned Colletti said. What MLB told me was that as long as we offered the visiting team the same opportunity to use a DH during one of our home games and contacted MLB before we do it, it would be OK.. I cant image a team saying no to this, Colletti said. They ...
Every MLB team enters the offseason with multiple needs. Theres no such thing as a squad with only one item on its winter shopping list, and that includes the legitimate World Series hopefuls...
Can you name the MLB 2009 Team by Player (Normal)? Test your knowledge on this sports quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by Blaise
Can you name the MLB players that lead their respective teams in homeruns? Test your knowledge on this sports quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by GHULT719
Waiver Wired: This Weeks Top MLB Pickups. D.J. Short takes a look at this weeks top waiver wire pickups in AL, NL and Mixed leagues.
Newsday reporter Gus Garcia-Roberts, responsible for breaking and covering the 2013 biogenesis scandal, says new MLB commissioner Rob Manfred leads all professional sports in effective PED findings and suspensions.
The 2017 MLB season has been dominated by offense, but that doesnt mean there havent been great pitching performances. While the usual suspects like Clayton Kershaw, Max Scherzer, Chris Sale and Corey Kluber have all been unsurprisingly...
Barry M. Bloom has been a national reporter for MLB.com since 2002 and has more than 35 years of experience covering sports.
Barry M. Bloom has been a national reporter for MLB.com since 2002 and has more than 35 years of experience covering sports.
MLB.com Astros reporter Brian McTaggart discusses how the teams acquisition of Gerrit Cole gives them a formidable starting rotation
Greetings! Welcome to the Second Weekly Edition of my Greatest Players in MLB according to their respective positions. Lets dive right into this weeks edition - Third Baseman. 10) Jimmy Collins...
MLB Report Date is different for every Club and Position. Luckily, you are going to report early and voluntarily. February 16 or Feb 28 are different.
HOUSTON -- The All-Star break offers different things for different players. For some, its a chance to rest and reset before the second half of the season begins.
全台灣球迷都記得的一場比賽(((這場由郭泓志主投的比賽3幾乎最後的焦點都放在他一個人身上》不但打敗了強投 John Maine 獲得本場比賽勝投3這支全壘打也是大聯盟史上 back-to-back-to-back 全壘打記錄中唯一一次由投手擊出第三支全壘打》而事後他稍微誇張的甩棒動作也一度成為討論焦點》小小郭那場比賽的球具也被送至名人堂展覽了 ...
To learn about our efforts to improve the accessibility and usability of our website, please visit our Accessibility Information page. Skip to section navigation or Skip to main content ...
㊣季後賽打擊成績◢3-1道奇領先◢※季後賽打擊成績先發打線║NLCS Game║先發打線╔═◥L.A.Dodgers◣═╗╭═╩═╩═╩═╩═╩═╩╮╔═◥ChicagoCubs◣╗║1C.Taylor(R)║║Taylor║║1A.AlmoraJr.(R)║║㊣28-76R2HR2B3B4RBI5K║║AlmoraJ
To learn about our efforts to improve the accessibility and usability of our website, please visit our Accessibility Information page. Skip to section navigation or Skip to main content ...
A new number one this week, the Rangers prove to be leaders as they are on a four-game winning streak. The Red Sox fell behind and are now seventh in the rankings. - Mare McKeever
2011 對台灣的棒球迷們而言3是個幸福的一年3MLB全明星賽首次來台舉行3就連停辦兩年的亞洲職棒大賽3亦由台灣接手舉辦3雖然統一獅最後的成績差強人意3但還是給了我美好的一年》在職棒22年全部比賽結束後3統一獅依序在台北及高雄舉行兩場的全隊簽名會》可惜十月底在阪急台北店的那場總冠軍球迷會3不巧和高美濕地馬拉松撞期3只好放棄3而這場在夢時代的簽名會3又正好和 屏東單車國道馬拉松 同一天3此等大好良機就不能錯過啦!先在此感謝 PTT 統一獅版的一位熱心版友3在官方購物商城慶祝封王的期間3以會員VIP可享七折的優惠3幫我代購了兩顆空白大球3及一顆陳鏞基背號的空白球》 ...
To the Editor: Human astroviruses (HAstVs), first identified in 1975, are now considered an important cause of viral gastroenteritis, predominately infecting children ,2 years of age (1,2). HAstVs are classified into 8 serotypes. A unique astrovirus, MLB1 (AstV-MLB1), recently was discovered in a fecal sample from a child with diarrhea in Australia (3); subsequently, at least 6 novel astroviruses have been discovered from fecal samples, including AstV-MLB2, AstV-MLB3, HMO AstV-A/VA2, HMO AstV-C/VA1, HMO AstV-B/VA3, and AstV-VA4 (4-7). The prevalence of novel astroviruses in China remains unclear.. Fecal specimens were collected during July 2010-June 2011 from 723 children ,5 years of age who had acute gastroenteritis. Samples were from all of 295 eligible children brought for care to First Hospital of Lanzhou University (Lanzhou, China) and every fifth eligible child (n = 428) brought for care on 2 days of the week (Tuesday and Thursday) at Nanjing Childrens Hospital (Nanjing, China). The ...
Since they were identified in 1975, human astroviruses have been considered one of the most important agents of viral acute gastroenteritis in children. However, highly divergent astroviruses infecting humans have been recently discovered and associated with extra-intestinal infections. The report of cases of fatal meningitis and encephalitis, especially in immunocompromised individuals, has broadened their disease spectrum. Although zoonotic transmission among animal and human astroviruses has not been clearly recognized, the genetic similarity between some human and animal viruses makes it likely to occur. This review provides an update on the epidemiology of both classic and novel human astroviruses, and a comprehensive view on confirmed or potential association between astrovirus and human disease.
Infectious diarrhea leads to significant mortality in children, with 40 % of these deaths occurring in Africa. Classic human astroviruses are a well-established etiology of diarrhea. In recent years, seven novel astroviruses have been discovered (MLB1, MLB2, MLB3, VA1/HMO-C, VA2/HMO-B, VA3/HMO-A, VA4); however, there have been few studies on their prevalence or potential association with diarrhea. To investigate the prevalence and diversity of these classic and recently described astroviruses in a pediatric population, a case-control study was performed. Nine hundred and forty nine stools were previously collected from cases of moderate-to-severe diarrhea and matched controls of patients less than 5 years of age in Kenya and The Gambia. RT-PCR screening was performed using pan-astrovirus primers. Astroviruses were present in 9.9 % of all stool samples. MLB3 was the most common astrovirus with a prevalence of 2.6 %. Two subtypes of MLB3 were detected that varied based on location in Africa. In this case
There have been some evidence that there are distinct subtypes of turkey astrovirus. Strain et.al., performed experiment in differentiating the types of turkey astrovirus. Predicted capsid amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae 6. The TAstV-1 capsid sequence was found in a clade containing avian nephritis virus, with distance between it and the TAstV-1. Sequence analysis of TastV-1 and TastV-2 diagnostic amplicons was used to demonstrate that the levels of variation among TastV-1 and TastV-2 are very diverse. The phylogenetic analysis of the full-length capsid genes of both types of Tast-V shows that both may have originated from separate introductions into the turkey species and that there are at least two lineages which are distinct subtypes instead of serotypes. There are potential serotypes to appear within each subtypes. A computer analysis was done by Jonassesen et.al. that focused on the ORF1a gene ...
There have been some evidence that there are distinct subtypes of turkey astrovirus. Strain et.al., performed experiment in differentiating the types of turkey astrovirus. Predicted capsid amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae 6. The TAstV-1 capsid sequence was found in a clade containing avian nephritis virus, with distance between it and the TAstV-1. Sequence analysis of TastV-1 and TastV-2 diagnostic amplicons was used to demonstrate that the levels of variation among TastV-1 and TastV-2 are very diverse. The phylogenetic analysis of the full-length capsid genes of both types of Tast-V shows that both may have originated from separate introductions into the turkey species and that there are at least two lineages which are distinct subtypes instead of serotypes. There are potential serotypes to appear within each subtypes. A computer analysis was done by Jonassesen et.al. that focused on the ORF1a gene ...
Until today, classic human astroviruses have not been associated with central nervous system infections in immunocompetent patients. A 16-month-old Caucasian girl presented with repetitive generalized seizures with a 4-day history of watery diarrhea, which had already gradually improved. Initially, the prolonged seizures ceased after systemic midazolam treatment and were thought to be fever associated. However, her mental status remained altered, and after seizure recurrence, she was transferred to our pediatric intensive care unit. Seizure control was achieved by a combination of high-dose levetiracetam and phenobarbital, but she remained unconscious. An electroencephalogram at this time revealed generalized high voltage theta activity. All laboratory analyses, including extended blood and cerebrospinal fluid analyses, and a brain magnetic resonance imaging were normal. On day 4, the child gradually became conscious, but was very agitated and not able to walk. Since an electroencephalogram at this time
The etiology of a large proportion of gastrointestinal illness is unknown. In this study, random Sanger sequencing and pyrosequencing approaches were used to analyze fecal specimens from a gastroenteritis outbreak of unknown etiology in a child care center. Multiple sequences with limited identity to known astroviruses were identified. Assembly of the sequences and subsequent reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends generated a complete genome of 6,586 nucleotides. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that this virus, named astrovirus VA1 (AstV-VA1), is highly divergent from all previously described astroviruses. Based on RT-PCR, specimens from multiple patients in this outbreak were unequivocally positive for Ast-VA1. ...
Reverse genetics systems enable the manipulation of viral genomes and therefore serve as robust reverse genetic tools to study RNA viruses. A DNA-launched rescue system initiates the transcription of viral genomic cDNA from eukaryotic promoter in transfected cells, generating homogenous RNA transcripts in vitro and thus enhancing virus rescue efficiency. As one of the hazardous pathogens to ducklings, the current knowledge of the pathogenesis of duck astrovirus type 1 (DAstV-1) is limited. The construction of a DNA-launched rescue system can help to accelerate the study of the virus pathogenesis. However, there is no report of such a system for DAstV-1. In this study, a DNA-launched infectious clone of DAstV-1 was constructed from a cDNA plasmid, which contains a viral cDNA sequence flanked by hammerhead ribozyme (HamRz) and a hepatitis delta virus ribozyme (HdvRz) sequence at both terminals of the viral genome. A silent nucleotide mutation creating a Bgl II site in the ORF2 gene was made to distinguish
The small, single-stranded positive-sense RNA astroviruses are mostly known to be enteric viruses. In recent years, though, different astroviruses were reported in association with neurological disease in various species. In cattle, two distinct neurotropic astrovirus genotype species were described in numerous cases of nonsuppurative encephalomyelitis, with one of these viruses also reported in similar circumstances in several sheep. Here, we retrieved archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded brain tissues of a muskox diagnosed with a comparable disease pattern in 1982 and investigated them for the presence of neurotropic astroviruses with various techniques. Initially, tissue samples scored positive for both neurotropic astroviruses by immunohistochemistry; however, unexpected results with further immunohistochemical testing, in situ hybridization and qRT-PCR prompted us to submit an RNA extract from the animals brain material to next-generation sequencing. We were thus able to obtain the full
Astrovirus infections cause gastroenteritis in mammals and have been identified as causative agents of diverse pathologies in birds such as hepatitis in ducks and poult enteritis mortality syndrome...
Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in temperate regions) and in the rainy season (in tropical climates). Incubation period: 3-4 days Associated diseases: gastroenteritis, celiac disease, intussusception (Fields 622). Symptoms: diarrhea in 72% - 100% in all cases, duration from 2-3 days Abdominal pain: 50% Vomiting: 20% - 70% Fever…
A study of intestinal disease in the UK, published in 1999 determined incidence as 3.8/1000 patient years in the community (95%CI, range2.3-6.4), the fourth most common known cause of viral gastroenteritis. Studies in the USA have detected astroviruses in the stools of 2-9% of children presenting symptoms; illness is most frequent in children of less than two years, although outbreaks among adults and the elderly have been reported. Early studies carried out in Glasgow demonstrated that a significant proportion of babies excreting virus particles, 12%, did not exhibit gastrointestinal symptoms, and seroprevalence studies carried out in the US have shown that 90% of children have antibody to HastV-1 by age 9, suggesting that (largely asymptomatic) infection is common. There is, as with most viral causes of gastroenteritis, a peak of incidence in the winter.. ...
Kemenesi G, Dallos B, Görföl T, Boldogh S, Estók P, Kurucz K, Kutas A, Földes F, Oldal M, Németh V, Martella V, Bányai K, Jakab F: Molecular survey of RNA viruses in Hungarian bats: discovering novel astroviruses, coronaviruses and caliciviruses, VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES 14: (12) pp. 846-855 ...
These RNA viruses are said to cause about 5% of infant gastroenteritis (range, 2%-9%). Symptoms are various combinations of vomiting and diarrhea, lasting 0.5-4.0 days. They originally were identified by EM of stool specimens. Culture is also possible using special procedures. EIA test methods using homemade reagents have been described.. ...
Astrovirus, Serotype 1 antibody LS-C543605 is an HRP-conjugated mouse monoclonal antibody to astrovirus Astrovirus, Serotype 1. Validated for ELISA and WB.
The Miami Marlins received no new positive results in their latest round of coronavirus testing, MLB said, but second baseman Isan Díaz also opted out.. The Philadelphia Phillies, meanwhile, were permitted to access Citizens Bank Park for staggered workouts beginning in the afternoon. MLB said no Phillies players have tested positive for COVID-19 in the past week and while three staff members have tested positive, it appeared two were attributable to false positives and the third, based on the timing of the positive test, may not have contracted COVID-19 from the Marlins. MLB rescheduled the postponed Phillies-Yankees games of this week for next week, in New York on Monday and Tuesday and in Philadelphia on Wednesday and Thursday. New Yorks game at Tampa Bay on Thursday was rescheduled as part of a doubleheader on Aug. 8.. What the virus has taught us is this is a day-by-day, week-by-week situation that we live in, Yankees manager Aaron Boone said.. Miami will play a four-game series in ...
All the latest breaking Major League Baseball news, MLB results and analysis, up-to-the-minute MLB stats and major league video highlights for all your favourite American baseball teams.
MLB Matchups provided by DonBest, along with more baseball information & betting odds for your sports gaming and betting needs 998.
MLB Matchups provided by DonBest, along with more baseball information & betting odds for your sports gaming and betting needs 908.
Find a Baltimore Orioles MLB Infant 2015 TP 3 Piece Set at lids.com today! With our huge selection of Baltimore Orioles gear, youll find what you need.
The 60-game MLB season in 2020 didnt provide the usual time or opportunities to evaluate player performance, but it was long enough for some players and to make big impressions on their peers.
GAMMONSDAILY.coms Scott Butler noted the Phillies drew over 3 million fans this season, but dropped from 1st to 8th in MLB attendance. Average attendance dropped from 38,522 through 60 home games to 32,834 in the last 20, a 15% decrease. The Phillies will have their first losing season since 02, a
Find a New York Yankees MLB Newborn Pinstripe Power Romper at lids.com today! With our huge selection of New York Yankees gear, youll find what you need.
Baseballs 2013 playoffs officially start tonight with three games in three days to determine who will take the National and American League wildcard spots. MLB Network analyst Harold Reynolds joins
With a shortened season and the trade deadline on Aug. 31, MLB general managers are uneasy about making aggressive moves, but also see opportunity .
The Dodgers officially start the 14 MLB season on Saturday with a two-game series against the D-Backs in Sydney, but no other dish, cable or telecom system has picked up Time Warner Cable SportsNet LA, according to Tom Hoffarth of the L.A. DAILY NEWS. That leaves only TWC subscribers --
The Braves Fredi Gonzalez became the first MLB manager to be fired this season. Will beleaguered Brad Ausmus of the Tigers be next? Jay Jaffe weighs in.
The Yankees won a marathon game 5-4 in 18 innings, completing a three-game sweep of the Cubs. The teams set an MLB record for combined strikeouts with 48.
Betting analysis for the 2011 MLB season matchup between Cleveland and LA Angels. Includes ats, over/under and straight up odds analysis.
30 posts published by fanaticalstability, Jonathan Hacohen, samevans87, Jake Dal Porto, saulwizz, chuckbooth3023, kholland13, nross56, planguzzi, bkrobinson, bernieolshansky, and MLB reports during December 2012
*Disclosure: We were able to experience our first MLB game thanks to ScoreBig.com for sponsoring our family of four. I have heard of ScoreBig.com but I
LAKE BUENA VISTA, Fla. -- The Dodgers post-clinch pool party on the D-backs turf was only a symbolic splash representing the larger lapping that had occurred in the seasons second half.. Bless their gritty little hearts, the D-backs could not keep up with a Dodgers club overloaded with resources. And the sting of the D-backs second-place standing not only erased any sense of certainty regarding the statuses of Kevin Towers and Kirk Gibson beyond the coming year (their 2015 contract options were not exercised) but also emboldened Arizonas offseason outlook as the club prepares for a 2014 season that features an Aussie opening against those very Dodgers.. We owe those guys is how managing general partner Ken Kendrick termed it recently to MLB.com, and the push for payback is assisted this offseason with a deep prospect pool (a different pool, mind you, than the one that rests at Chase Field) and a rumored willingness to push the payroll past the $100 million mark for the first time in ...
To learn about our efforts to improve the accessibility and usability of our website, please visit our Accessibility Information page. Skip to section navigation or Skip to main content ...
Astrovirus infection Astroviridae family Babesiosis Babesia species Bacillus cereus infection Bacillus cereus ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection One of the Human papillomaviruses Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza ... Infections associated with diseases. References[edit]. *^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses ... Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and ...
The occurrence of astrovirus infections vary depending on the season. In temperate climates, infection is highest during winter ... The Astroviridae capsid is related to those of the Tymoviridae. The non-structural region is related to the Potyviridae. It ... Astrovirus infection is not usually a severe situation and only in some rare cases leads to dehydration. The severity and ... "Astroviridae". web.stanford.edu. Retrieved 11 November 2016. Guix S, Bosch A, Pintó RM (2005). "Human astrovirus diagnosis and ...
Astrovirus infection. Fine [[[Astrovirus,Astroviridae]]. Babesiosis. Géineas Babesia. Ionfhabhtú Bacillus cereus. Bacillus ... Helicobacter pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Escherichia coli O157:H7, O111 and O104:H4 ... Clostridium botulinum; Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin. ...
Infection prevention and control during health care for probable or confirmed cases of novel coronavirus (nCoV) infection (PDF) ... 星状病毒科 Astroviridae. *杆菌状RNA病毒科 Barnaviridae ... Camel infection 'led to Mers death'. BBC News. 2014-06-05 [2014 ... WHO: Novel coronavirus infection. 2013-02-11 [2013-02-13].. *^ James Gallagher. Coronavirus: Signs the new Sars-like virus can ... a person with a fever, respiratory infection, and evidence of pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome. and. testing ...
Breuil, G., Bonami, J.R., Pepin, J.F., and Pichot, Y. (1991). Viral infection (picorna-like virus) associated with mass ... Mechanisms of Capsid Assembly and Viral Infection. PLoS Pathogens 11(10), e1005203. ...
The presence of IgM in the blood of the host is used to test for acute infection, whereas IgG indicates an infection sometime ... Vaccination is a cheap and effective way of preventing infections by viruses. Vaccines were used to prevent viral infections ... Smallpox infections have been eradicated.[196] Vaccines are available to prevent over thirteen viral infections of humans,[197] ... Hepatitis viruses can develop into a chronic viral infection that leads to liver cancer.[179][180] Infection by human T- ...
But, unlike other viral infections, the incidence of polio - the rarer severe form of the infection - increased in the 20th ... Many bacteriologists soon discovered the cause of numerous infections. However, some infections remained, many of them ... Ivanovsky suggested the infection might be caused by a toxin produced by bacteria, but did not pursue the idea.[3] ... Infections by poliovirus most often cause the mildest of symptoms. This was not known until the virus was isolated in cultured ...
Feline leukemia virus and Feline immunodeficiency virus infections are treated with biologics, including the only ... At that point, the infection will persist indefinitely. In most viruses, DNA is transcribed into RNA, and then RNA is ... As a result, cells such as neurons are very resistant to infection and transduction by retroviruses. This gives rise to a ... Antiretroviral drugs are medications for the treatment of infection by retroviruses, primarily HIV. Different classes of ...
chronic infection in adult, and acute viral disease in young salmonid fish.[1][2] ...
Hepatis B Virus (HBV) was identified as an infection distinct from Hepatitis A through its contamination of measles, mumps, and ... Diseases associated with this family include: liver infections, such as hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinomas (chronic ... cell to infect others or are immediately dismantled so the new viral genomes can enter the nucleus and magnify the infection. ...
Without the virus infection, phagocytic hemocytes (blood cells) will encapsulate and kill the wasp egg and larvae but the ... The infection does not lead to replication of new viruses, rather it affects the caterpillar's immune system. ...
The gammaherpesviruses, including HVS, EBV, KSHV, and RRV, are capable of establishing latent infection in lymphocytes.[9] ... Ackermann, M. (2006). "Pathogenesis of gammaherpesvirus infections". Veterinary Microbiology. 113 (3-4): 211-222. doi:10.1016/j ... Viruses that establish lifelong latent infections must ensure that the viral genome is maintained within the latently infected ... Attenuated virus mutants represent a promising approach towards gamma-herpesvirus infection control. Surprisingly, latency- ...
Common infections in humans caused by members of this order include cold sores, genital herpes, chickenpox, shingles, and ...
Campylobacter infections, Campylobacter, Campylobacter Infections, Food Contamination, bakteerit, patogeenisuus, ... Allergy and Immunology, Bacterial Infections, Bacterial Infections and Mycoses, Bacteriology, Communicable Diseases, ... Medical microbiology, Communicable Diseases, Infection, Bacterial Infections, Mycoses, Parasitic Diseases, Virus Diseases, ... Mycoplasma diseases, Mycoplasma, Molecular Biology, Mycoplasma Infections, Bacteria, sähkökirjat. Razin, Shmuel;Tully, Joseph G ...
... and learn about the different aspects of various viral infections, like the stomach flu, HIV and rabies. Take the quizzes that ... 2. Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family This lesson will focus on something more commonly known as the ... Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family. Learn about viral gastroenteritis, astrovirus and viral diarrhea, ... Watch video lessons, and learn about the different aspects of various viral infections, like the stomach flu, HIV and rabies. ...
A method of inhibiting viral infection in a mammal in need of same, includes administering an effective amount of at least one ... Astroviridae. Astrovirus. Naked. Icosahedral. ss. 15.. Bornaviridae. Borna disease virus. Enveloped. Helical. ss. ... for administration to a human or animal experiencing a viral infection or at risk of a viral infection. Such pharmaceutical ... The infection pathway and timing of RSV is well known, and is set forth in the lower right corner. As can be seen, at any time ...
Astrovirus infection Astroviridae family Babesiosis Babesia species Bacillus cereus infection Bacillus cereus ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection One of the Human papillomaviruses Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza ... Infections associated with diseases. References[edit]. *^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses ... Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and ...
We identified astrovirus MLB2 infection in an immunocompetent case-patient and an immunocompromised patient who experienced ... can disseminate outside the digestive tract and is an unrecognized cause of central nervous system infection. ... diverse clinical manifestations, notably, meningitis and disseminated infection. The initial case-patient was identified by ... Astroviruses, family Astroviridae, are small, nonenveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses. The family comprises 2 genera: ...
Astroviridae Infections / epidemiology* Actions. * Search in PubMed * Search in MeSH * Add to Search ... Results: All samples had a 99% match to human astrovirus type 5. The use of standard infection control precautions with the ... Outbreak of gastroenteritis in military recruits associated with serotype 3 astrovirus infection. Belliot G, Laveran H, Monroe ...
We identified astrovirus MLB2 infection in an immunocompetent case-patient and an immunocompromised patient who experienced ... Astroviridae Infections / diagnosis Actions. * Search in PubMed * Search in MeSH * Add to Search ... Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated With Meningitis and Disseminated Infection Samuel Cordey, Diem-Lan Vu, ... Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated With Meningitis and Disseminated Infection Samuel Cordey et al. Emerg ...
The Astroviridae family also includes many nonhuman astroviruses (AstVs) that cause infections in mammals and birds, causing a ... Astrovirus infection in children. Curr Opin Infect Dis 16:247-253. doi:10.1097/00001432-200306000-00011. ... Prevalence of astrovirus infection among Chilean children with acute gastroenteritis. J Clin Microbiol 36:3691-3693. ... Temporal synthesis of proteins and RNAs during human astrovirus infection of cultured cells. J Virol 65:641-648. ...
Astroviridae Infections/epidemiology , Astroviridae Infections/virology , Base Sequence , Caliciviridae Infections/epidemiology ... Astroviridae Infections/microbiology , Astroviridae Infections/drug therapy , Coinfection , Meningococcal Infections/ ... Acute Disease , Adenovirus Infections, Human/epidemiology , Astroviridae Infections/epidemiology , Caliciviridae Infections/ ... Astroviridae Infections/diagnosis , Astroviridae Infections/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Feces/ ...
Astroviridae Infections/epidemiology , Astroviridae Infections/virology , Base Sequence , Caliciviridae Infections/epidemiology ... Astroviridae Infections/diagnosis , Astroviridae Infections/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Feces/ ... Astroviridae Infections/virology , Diarrhea/virology , Feces/virology , Mamastrovirus/genetics , Astroviridae Infections/ ... Astroviridae Infections/virology , Diarrhea, Infantile/virology , Mamastrovirus/genetics , Astroviridae Infections/epidemiology ...
Astroviridae Infections - virology , Index Medicus , Astroviridae , Mamastrovirus , Astroviridae Infections , Zoonoses , Life ... HIV Infections - epidemiology , Humans , Parvoviridae Infections - immunology , Child, Preschool , Astroviridae Infections - ... Parvoviridae Infections - virology , Rotavirus Infections - epidemiology , HIV Infections - virology , Adenoviridae Infections ... Caliciviridae Infections - virology , Humans , Middle Aged , Child, Preschool , Astroviridae Infections - epidemiology , Infant ...
The occurrence of astrovirus infections vary depending on the season. In temperate climates, infection is highest during winter ... The Astroviridae capsid is related to those of the Tymoviridae. The non-structural region is related to the Potyviridae. It ... Astrovirus infection is not usually a severe situation and only in some rare cases leads to dehydration. The severity and ... "Astroviridae". web.stanford.edu. Retrieved 11 November 2016. Guix S, Bosch A, Pintó RM (2005). "Human astrovirus diagnosis and ...
Astrovirus infection. Fine [[[Astrovirus,Astroviridae]]. Babesiosis. Géineas Babesia. Ionfhabhtú Bacillus cereus. Bacillus ... Helicobacter pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Escherichia coli O157:H7, O111 and O104:H4 ... Clostridium botulinum; Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin. ...
Infection and Immunity. * Journal of Bacteriology. * Journal of Clinical Microbiology. * Journal of Microbiology & Biology ...
Astroviridae Infections Astrovirus Child Children China Diarrhea Enteric Infections Feces Humans Letter Letters To The Editor ... We identified astrovirus MLB2 infection in an immunocompetent case-patient and an immunocompromised patient who experienced ... Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated with Meningitis and Disseminated Infection ...
Astroviruses are single-stranded RNA viruses (family Astroviridae) that can cause severe gastroenteritis, especially in infants ... The elderly, however, are vulnerable to rotavirus infection due to weakening of the immune system with age, so infections can ... HEV infections are also rare in the United States but many individuals have a positive antibody titer for HEV. The virus is ... Viral Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Learning Objectives. *Identify the most common viruses that can cause ...
... within the Astroviridae family. Human astrovirus infections occur worldwide and are primarily associated with pediatric disease ... The majority of acutely infected individuals progress to chronic infection with almost no propensity to resolve the infection ... Current strategies for preventing human poxvirus infections are ones that stress awareness of the potential for infection and ... virus infections. Ciliocytophthoria occurs most frequently with influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, and adenovirus infection ...
Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family View Quiz Chemical Control of Plant Growth and Reproduction ...
We analyzed the complete Astroviridae family for the inference of adaptive molecular evolution at sites and in branches. High ... Complete genome sequences of the Astroviridae include human, non-human mammalian and avian species. A consensus topology of ... an astrovirus infection is fatal for a considerable part of the livestock [2, 3]. The family of Astroviridae is divided in two ... Lukashov VV, Goudsmit J: Evolutionary relationships among Astroviridae. J Gen Virol 2002, 83: 1397-1405.PubMedView Article ...
... concordant with multiplex RT-PCR and was reliable for the detection of both single infections and multiple infections in stool ... astroviridae. Skip to content Prevention & Management. There is no vaccine for any of the serotypes. However, inoculation of ... "Chapter 21: Astroviridae." Fields Virology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013. 609-28. Print. ... The association of astrovirus-associated enteric infections have been reported from various settings among different age groups ...
Arenaviridae Infections. *Astroviridae Infections. *Birnaviridae Infections. *Bunyaviridae Infections. *Caliciviridae ... "Arenaviridae Infections" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Arenaviridae Infections" by people in this website by year, ... Regulation of tissue-dependent differences in CD8+ T cell apoptosis during viral infection. J Virol. 2014 Sep 1; 88(17):9490- ...
Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in temperate regions) and in the rainy season (in ... astroviridae. Skip to content Clinical Profile. Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in ... "Chapter 21: Astroviridae." Fields Virology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013. 609-28. Print. ...
Astroviridae) of single-stranded RNA viruses that infect vertebrates causing gastroenteritis in humans and especially children. ... any of a family (Astroviridae) of single-stranded RNA viruses that infect vertebrates causing gastroenteritis in humans and ... are medically important agents of gastroenteritis that produce clinical findings similar to those caused by rotavirus infection ...
Treatable viral infections include those where the virus employs an RNA intermediate as part of the replicative cycle ( ... ASTROVIRIDAE including Astrovirus, Human Astroviruses; CALICIVIRIDAE including Vesicular exanthema of swine virus, Norwalk ... Additionally it can be a disease or infection caused by or linked to Hepatitis viruses, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, ... viral diseases or infections including but not limited to all positive strand RNA viruses, coronaviruses, SARS virus, SARS- ...
Astrovirus infection in hospitalized infants with severe combined immunodeficiency after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell ... Avian Nephritis virus (ANV) as a new member of the family Astroviridae and construction of infectious cDNA ... Astrovirus infections in humans and animals-molecular biology, genetic diversity, and interspecies transmissions ... Host related nucleotide composition and codon usage as driving forces in the recent evolution of the Astroviridae ...
... indicating a possible respiratory infection. Astrovirus could cause common, neuroinvasive epidemic disease. ... Bosch A, Guix S, Krishna NK, Méndez E, Monroe SS, Pantin-Jackwood M, et al. Astroviridae. In: King AMQ, Adams MJ, Carstens EB, ... Lum SH, Turner A, Guiver M, Bonney D, Martland T, Davies E, et al. An emerging opportunistic infection: fatal astrovirus (VA1/ ... Wunderli W, Meerbach A, Güngör T, Berger C, Greiner O, Caduff R, et al. Astrovirus infection in hospitalized infants with ...
Louis encephalitis virus infection. RESULTS: The patient presented with symptoms of central nervous system infection. Recent St ... Astroviridae, Picornaviridae, Poxviridae, and Genomoviridae. Some viral sequences belong to known camel or human viruses and ... Candida species are one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections. Because much of the treatment for Candida infections is ... Chronic HBV infection is a public health problem among pregnant women in Rwanda. Understanding that HBV-HIV co-infection may be ...
... prevalence of hantavirus infection in rodents associated with two fatal human infections in California. Am J Trop Med Hyg 52 ... The family Astroviridae consists of two genera, namely, Mamastrovirus and Avastrovirus, that infect mammalian and avian species ... In Switzerland, acute infection with Tula virus was found in a 12-year-old boy after a rodents bite [40]. Tick-borne ... Infection was common in wild rodents with 22/105 animals shedding PBV-like nucleic acids, the second highest group of mammalian ...
The Pathogenesis of Virus Infections 4. Antiviral Immunity and Prophylaxis 5. The Diagnosis of Virus Infections 6. The ... Astroviridae 29. Togaviridae 30. Flaviviridae 31. Other Viruses: Hepesviruses, Hepadnaviridae, Deltavirus, Anelloviruses and ... partI presents the fundamental principles of virology related to animal infection and disease, and partII addresses the ... Epidemiology of Virus Infections. PART II: VETERINARY AND ZOONOTIC VIRUSES 7. Poxviridae 8. Asfarviridae and Iridoviridae 9. ...
Astroviridae Astroviridae Infections Astrovirus Bovine Brain Cattle Cattle Diseases Expedited Genes, Viral In Situ ... These results suggest that infection with BoAstV-NeuroS1 is a potential cause of neurologic disease in cattle. ... Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated with Meningitis and Disseminated Infection ... We identified astrovirus MLB2 infection in an immunocompetent case-patient and an immunocompromised patient who experienced ...
  • Along with the Picornaviridae and the Caliciviridae, the Astroviridae comprise a third family of nonenveloped viruses whose genome is composed of plus-sense, single-stranded RNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most important excreted known pathogens are transmitted by a variety of means including fecal-oral transmission routes and are members of six families, Picornaviridae , Caliciviridae , Hepeviridae , Reoviridae , Astroviridae (all RNA viruses) and the DNA virus family Adenoviridae . (waterpathogens.org)
  • Ninety-nine percent of the viral sequences were related to the RNA virus families Picornaviridae, Astroviridae, Coronaviridae, and Caliciviridae, while 1% were related to the small DNA virus families Circoviridae, and Parvoviridae. (ox.ac.uk)
  • There are seven positive single-stranded RNA families: three non enveloped (Astroviridae, Caliciviridae and Picornaviridae) and four enveloped (Coronoviridae, Flaviviridae, Retroviridae and Togaviridae). (cfapps.io)
  • Although the primary site of astroviral replication seems to be the gastrointestinal tract, disseminated diseases and encephalitis have been associated with infection with classic and nonclassic astroviruses ( 11 - 16 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The Astroviridae family also includes many nonhuman astroviruses (AstVs) that cause infections in mammals and birds, causing a range of symptoms, including gastroenteritis, fatal hepatitis, and neurological disease ( 16 , 17 ). (asm.org)
  • In animals, Astroviruses also cause infection of the gastrointestinal tract but may also result in encephalitis (humans and cattle), hepatitis (avian) and nephritis (avian). (wikipedia.org)
  • This protein is probably involved in the first steps of viral infection, being a key factor in the biological cycle of astroviruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • any of a family ( Astroviridae ) of single-stranded RNA viruses that infect vertebrates causing gastroenteritis in humans and especially children We conclude that astroviruses are medically important agents of gastroenteritis that produce clinical findings similar to those caused by rotavirus infection. (merriam-webster.com)
  • The genetically heterogenic astroviruses that are widespread among mammals and birds are generally associated with gastroenteritis, less commonly with respiratory disease, and rarely encephalitis or disseminated infections ( 2 , 5 - 19 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Porcine astroviruses (PoAstVs) were identified mainly from diarrheic fecal specimens, less commonly from respiratory specimens, although the etiologic role of astrovirus infection in gastroenteritis or in other diseases among swine is not settled ( 3 , 9 , 20 - 23 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Astroviruses (AstVs) are responsible for infection of a large diversity of mammalian and avian species, including bats, aquatic birds, livestock and humans. (medworm.com)
  • Astroviruses (AstVs) belonging to the family Astroviridae was first identified by electron microscopy (EM) in fecal samples from children suffering with diarrhea in 1975 [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Enteric astroviruses are transmitted through the fecal-oral route, and regardless of species, most infections are asymptomatic. (cdc.gov)
  • Astroviruses belong to the family Astroviridae along with a virus known as mamastrovirus. (statemaster.com)
  • Members of a relatively new virus family, the astroviridae, astroviruses are now recognised as a major cause of gastroenteritis in children and adults. (statemaster.com)
  • Human astroviruses (HAstVs) are members of the Astroviridae family which are recognized as one of the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis in infants and young children (Glass et al. (fiocruz.br)
  • The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) established Astroviridae as a viral family in 1995. (wikipedia.org)
  • The family Astroviridae is currently divided into 2 genera: the genus Mamastrovirus of mammal-infecting viruses and the genus Avastrovirus of avian viruses ( 3 , 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Accordingly, the present disclosure relates to compounds and methods for treating viral infection, including infection by RNA viruses, wherein the compounds can modulate the RIG-I pathway. (justia.com)
  • Most human infections and outbreaks are caused by viruses belonging to GI and GII. (datexis.com)
  • Viruses in these families cause asymptomatic infections and also outbreaks or sporadic cases with a wide range of symptoms from mild to severe gastroenteritis to meningitis, respiratory disease, conjunctivitis, miocarditis, paralysis, or hepatitis. (waterpathogens.org)
  • The concentration of viruses observed in urban sewage is high and is related to the epidemiology of each viral infection. (waterpathogens.org)
  • An average of 4.2 different mammalian viruses were shed by healthy piglets, reflecting a high level of asymptomatic infections. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Pyrosequencing to investigate the viral flora in the ABV4(+) inoculum uncovered 7 unique reads sharing 73-100% nucleotide sequence identity with previously identified ABV sequences and 24 reads sharing 40-89% amino acid sequence identity with viruses in the Retroviridae and Astroviridae families. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Proper and effective management of poultry enteric disease will require novel, up-to-date diagnostic assays in order to determine the prevalence of enteric viruses on farms and to characterize the pathology caused by enteric viral infection. (usda.gov)
  • There is potential for development of vaccination as it appears infection proffers some short-term protection against viruses of the same serotype. (statemaster.com)
  • Machine learning algorithms have been developed to address this imbalance by ranking the relative likelihood of human infection based on viral genome sequences, but are not yet routinely applied to viruses at the time of their discovery. (bvsalud.org)
  • Viruses require a number of different enzymes depending on genome type and mode of infection. (50webs.org)
  • The Paramyxoviridae form an increasingly diverse family of old and emerging viruses responsible for a wide range of animal and human diseases, including the causative agents of mumps, measles and several respiratory tract infections due to respiratory syncytial virus, as well as pathogens responsible for some of the deadliest emerging zoonoses, such as Hendra and Nipah viruses. (creative-biolabs.com)
  • Although they do not immediately kill cells, infections with noncytocidal viruses often interfere with the specialized functions of differentiated cells. (78stepshealth.us)
  • A viral disease (or viral infection , or infectious disease ) occurs when an organism's body is invaded by pathogenic viruses , and infectious virus particles (virions) attach to and enter susceptible cells. (cfapps.io)
  • Most infecting viruses check if the host file already has an infection. (everything2.com)
  • The association of astrovirus-associated enteric infections have been reported from various settings among different age groups. (wordpress.com)
  • The genera Cyclovirus have been suggested to cause human enteric infections and, a study identified and characterized the full genome of a novel cyclovirus (tentatively named cyclovirus-Vietnam [CyCV-VN]) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens of two Vietnamese patients with CNS infections of unknown etiology. (waterpathogens.org)
  • Deep sequencing of untreated sewage provides an opportunity to monitor enteric infections in large populations and for high-throughput viral discovery. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Adenoviruses are common causes of relatively mild upper respiratory disease and of enteric infections. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • evidence supports that it is infectious lymphocytic choriomeningitis lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus phthirus pubis rickettsial infection rickettsia genus staphylococcal infection staphylococcus genus trichophyton genus tinea unguium toxocara cati toxocara cati. (squareflair.com)
  • Borrelia infection borrelia genus buruli ulcer mycobacterium ulcerans group a streptococcus clonorchiasis clonorchis sinensis diphyllobothriasis diphyllobothrium ehrlichiosis ehrlichia genus free-living amebic infection multiple o111 hepatitis e hepatitis e virus hga keratitis multiple kingella kingae infection kingella kingae pediculosis capitis spirillum minus rift valley fever virus rmsf viral pneumonia mucormycosis. (squareflair.com)
  • Babesiosis babesia genus group a streptococcus clostridium difficile infection clostridium difficile hantavirus pulmonary syndrome herpes simplex virus 1 metagonimus yokagawai pediculosis capitis rickettsial infection rickettsia genus tinea capitis hortaea werneckii tinea versicolor. (squareflair.com)
  • Actinomyces gerencseriae hiv anthrax bacillus anthracis arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection arcanobacterium haemolyticum balantidiasis balantidium coli burkholderia infection staphylococcus clostridium difficile infection clostridium difficile cchf cutaneous larva migrans ehrlichiosis ehrlichia genus enterococcus infection enterococcus genus parvovirus b19 exanthem subitum gonorrhea neisseria gonorrhoeae klebsiella granulomatis enteroviruses enterovirus 71 hsv-2 brugia malayi mycoplasma pneumonia mycoplasma pneumoniae creutzfeldt-jakob disease onchocerciasis body lice pneumocystis pneumonia sars coronavirus taeniasis taenia genus jock itch tuberculosis. (squareflair.com)
  • Propionibacterium propionicus amebiasis entamoeba histolytica candidiasis den-1 ebola hemorrhagic fever ebolavirus gnathostoma hispidum group b streptococcal infection streptococcus agalactiae helicobacter pylori infection helicobacter pylori hemolytic-uremic syndrome lymphatic filariasis onchocerciasis staphylococcal food poisoning staphylococcus genus taeniasis taenia genus lockjaw tinea pedis. (squareflair.com)
  • Sabia fasciolopsiasis fasciolopsis buski donovanosis helicobacter pylori infection helicobacter pylori kingella kingae infection kingella kingae rickettsia typhi pediculus humanus corporis rat-bite fever streptobacillus moniliformis tinea barbae trichophyton genus zygomycosis mucorales. (squareflair.com)
  • Babesiosis babesia genus moniliasis chagas disease clostridium difficile infection clostridium difficile coccidioides posadasii dracunculiasis dracunculus medinensis fasciolopsiasis fasciolopsis buski fasciola gigantica donovanosis human papillomavirus mono kuru kuru prion mycobacterium lepromatosis mc mycoplasma pneumonia mycoplasma pneumoniae neonatal conjunctivitis paracoccidioidomycosis whooping cough primary amoebic meningoencephalitis rat-bite fever streptobacillus moniliformis rhinosporidiosis rhinosporidium seeberi sepsis multiple herpes zoster staphylococcal infection staphylococcus genus visceral larva migrans yersiniosis yersinia enterocolitica. (squareflair.com)
  • La ocurrencia de virus entéricos como rotavirus, astrovirus, norovirus y adenovirus en el ambiente, en aguas y alimentos, ha sido reportada en los países desarrollados y asociada a gastroenteritis de origen viral relacionada con el consumo de agua contaminada con materia fecal. (bvsalud.org)
  • En Argentina y otros países de Sudamérica no hay regulaciones sobre el monitoreo de virus patógenos en matrices acuosas y existen pocos estudios de monitoreo ambiental de patógenos virales (rotavirus, norovirus, adenovirus, enterovirus) en aguas superficiales de ríos y lagos. (bvsalud.org)
  • Este estudio representa una continuación del análisis epidemiológico molecular de calicivirus asociados a brotes de gastroenteritis iniciado en 2004 y constituye la primera comunicación de la circulación de norovirus del genotipo GII-17 en la Argentina. (bvsalud.org)
  • The signs and symptoms of norovirus infection are similar to those for rotavirus , with watery diarrhea, mild cramps, and fever. (lumenlearning.com)
  • This systematic review summarizes the literature on the known animal reservoir for norovirus, the virus diversity, prevalence, and geographic distribution, as well as pathological findings associated with norovirus infections in animals. (datexis.com)
  • Fully revised and updated by the new author team, partI presents the fundamental principles of virology related to animal infection and disease, and partII addresses the clinical features, pathogenesis, diagnosis, epidemiology and prevention of individual diseases. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • El agua es reconocida como el recurso natural más preciado de nuestro planeta, el descuido de las fuentes de agua ligado a las actividades humanas, genera contaminación sostenida en el tiempo y lleva como resultado a la disminución en la calidad y cantidad de este recurso esencial. (bvsalud.org)
  • Screening of fecal samples from persons with diarrhea and control samples in different parts of the world by unbiased next-generation sequencing (NGS) or reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) has revealed the sporadic presence of members of the Astroviridae family, previously unrecognized in humans, that are phylogenetically substantially distant from classic HAstVs ( 3 , 5 - 9 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in temperate regions) and in the rainy season (in tropical climates). (wordpress.com)
  • The frequent interactions of rodents with humans make them a common source of zoonotic infections. (prolekare.cz)
  • Swine are an important source of proteins worldwide but are subject to frequent viral outbreaks and numerous infections capable of infecting humans. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The evidence of the last 20 years shows a link between viral infections and obesity in animals and humans. (bireme.br)
  • In humans, the prevalence of exposure is very high, and astrovirus infection is a major cause of acute enteritis in infants ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • De Benedictis P, Schultz-Cherry S, Burnham A, Cattoli G (2011) Astrovirus infections in humans and animals-molecular biology, genetic diversity, and interspecies transmissions. (springer.com)
  • NiV infection can cause severe, rapidly progressing encephalitis in humans and animals, with severe respiratory involvement in many cases. (creative-biolabs.com)
  • Most HeV vaccines currently target horses, which block the transmission of horses to humans, so human HeV infections can be prevented very quickly. (creative-biolabs.com)
  • We report data regarding the molecular epidemiology of human astrovirus (HAstV) infections among children in Madagascar. (cdc.gov)
  • General information on infectious diseases (endogenous and exogenous infections, routes of transmission, epidemiology). (unipr.it)
  • The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and genotype diversity of HAstV in children with symptomatic and asymptomatic infections in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. (fiocruz.br)
  • Avian nephritis virus (ANV) as a new member of the family Astroviridae and construction of infectious ANV cDNA. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Imada T, Yamaguchi S, Mase M, Tsukamoto K, Kubo M, Morooka A (2000) Avian nephritis virus (ANV) as a new member of the family Astroviridae and construction of infectious ANV cDNA. (edu.pl)
  • As such, purified RNA of a positive-sense virus can directly cause infection though it may be less infectious than the whole virus particle. (wikidoc.org)
  • 1. Certain biological agents classified in Group 3 which are indicated in the appended list by an asterisk (*), may present a limited risk of infection for workers because they are not normally infectious by the air-borne route. (irishstatutebook.ie)
  • In countries that belong to temperate latitudes, most infections occur in the fall and winter and at least 70% of outbreaks are reported in semiclosed communities such as long-term-care facilities, schools, hospitals, and cruise ships. (asm.org)
  • epizootic outbreaks of gizzard erosion associated with adenovirus infection in chickens. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • El análisis de la muestra en la cual se identificó sapovirus reveló la presencia del genotipo GI-1. (bvsalud.org)
  • Whereas some viral infections induce immunosuppression, certain noninfectious diseases, such as malignancy, or procedures used for therapy, including chemotherapy , radiation, and organ transplantalion, may adversely affect the immune system and thus allow enhanced viral replication. (78stepshealth.us)
  • Interruption of transmission is the key factor in preventing astrovirus infection (especially in hospitals and other institutions, day care centers and families). (wordpress.com)
  • The CDC estimates that 95% of children in the United States have had at least one rotavirus infection by the time they reach age five. (lumenlearning.com)
  • The elderly, however, are vulnerable to rotavirus infection due to weakening of the immune system with age, so infections can spread through nursing homes and similar facilities. (lumenlearning.com)
  • Even with milder illness, repeated infections can potentially lead to malnutrition, especially in developing countries, where rotavirus infection is common due to poor sanitation and lack of access to clean drinking water. (lumenlearning.com)
  • Patients (especially children) who are malnourished after an episode of diarrhea are more susceptible to future diarrheal illness, increasing their risk of death from rotavirus infection. (lumenlearning.com)
  • Symptoms include diarrhoea, headache, malaise and nausea, vomiting being a less common complaint, and are usually milder than those experienced with rotavirus infection, and as a result dehydration is less severe. (statemaster.com)
  • Adenoviral nucleic acid was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of a cat that had suffered from disseminated adenovirus infection. (bireme.br)
  • Goodwin MA, Hill DL, Dekich MA, Putnam MR (1993) Multisystemic adenovirus infection in broiler chicks with hypoglycemia and spiking mortality. (edu.pl)
  • Moreover, treatments for acute influenza and HCV infections are only moderately effective. (justia.com)
  • Both classes of acute influenza antivirals, adamantanes and neuraminidase inhibitors, are only effective within the first 48 hours after infection, thereby limiting the window of opportunity for treatment. (justia.com)
  • The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new viral infection caused by the severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). (bvsalud.org)
  • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia in a young man with acute hepatitis E infection. (harvard.edu)
  • The efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is challenged by acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD and cGVHD) and viral infections due to long-lasting immunodeficiency. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • The present invention is drawn to exploiting the role of RNase-L in innate immunity for methods of treating a microbial infection. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Astrovirus-associated diarrhea is not reported in immunocompetent adults, as infection in childhood is considered to confer protective immunity. (datexis.com)
  • The first section provides an introduction to microbiology, infection, immunity and molecular diagnostic methods. (booksmed.com)
  • hepatitis and nephritis have been observed in avian infections ( 4 , 17 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Gregori, Fabio 2016-09-16 00:00:00 Avian nephritis virus (ANV), which belongs to the family Astroviridae, is associated with different clinical manifestations (including enteric disorders). (deepdyve.com)
  • Recently, we detected a significant association between avian bornavirus (ABV) infection and clinical signs of PDD in psittacines. (biomedcentral.com)
  • infection of fav 1 dna transfected cells with helper dependent avian adeno-associated virus (aaav) results in the production of aaav progeny, being detected by an indirect immunofluorescence assay. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • The Diagnosis of Virus Infections 6. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Laboratory diagnosis of viral infections (collection and transport of samples). (univet.hu)
  • We identified astrovirus MLB2 infection in an immunocompetent case-patient and an immunocompromised patient who experienced diverse clinical manifestations, notably, meningitis and disseminated infection. (cdc.gov)
  • It was observed that the porcine serovar Canicola strains present the genetic machinery to cause human infection and, therefore, represent a higher risk to public health. (bvsalud.org)
  • Both virulent and attenuated DAHV-3 strains can establish noncytocidal, productive infections in DEF cells. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Based on phylogenetic analysis of ORF2, sequences defined in this study were classified into three genotypes: genotype 5, which has already been described in birds, and two other novel genotypes, tentatively named genotype 8 and 9, all of which occurred in single or mixed infections. (deepdyve.com)
  • Regulatory T cells resist virus infection-induced apoptosis. (umassmed.edu)
  • Unlike influenza and HCV, there are no approved therapies for the treatment of West Nile virus infection, and it is a high-priority pathogen for drug development due to its potential as a bioterrorist agent. (justia.com)
  • Kaushik N, Anang S, Ganti KP, Surjit M. Zinc: A Potential Antiviral Against Hepatitis E Virus Infection? (harvard.edu)
  • BACKGROUND: Garlic production is severely affected by virus infection, causing a decrease in productivity and quality. (usda.gov)
  • 11. The method of claim 1 wherein the agent is co-administered with at least one additional therapy used to treat a bacterial infection. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 12. A method of treating a bacterial infection in a subject in need thereof, the method comprising administering an agent that increases the activity of RNase-L, wherein said agent is a nucleic acid comprising cathepsinE mRNA or a 2',5'-linked oligoadenylate (2-5A) mRNA. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • and they can also be used to treat some non-bacterial infections such as toxoplasmosis (caused by Toxoplasma gondii ) as well as infections caused by mycobacteria. (microdok.com)
  • Found in hospital environment and accounts for 10% nosocomial infections in ICU. (microbenotes.com)
  • Bv clostridium botulinum burkholderia cepacia ctfv ebov enterobius vermicularis escherichia coli o157:h7 hepatitis e hepatitis e virus hookworm infection ancylostoma duodenale human monocytic ehrlichiosis ehrlichia chaffeensis wuchereria bancrofti myiasis parasitic dipterous fly larvae onchocerca volvulus bordetella pertussis pcp variola minor syphilis treponema pallidum trichophyton toxoplasmosis toxoplasma gondii tularemia francisella tularensis venezuelan hemorrhagic fever. (squareflair.com)
  • Astrovirus was generally undetectable in feces but present in respiratory samples, indicating a possible respiratory infection. (cdc.gov)
  • The overall prevalence of PAstV infection was 6.5% (32/488), of which 21/251 (8.4%) were in diarrheic and 11/237 (4.6%) were in healthy pigs. (springer.com)
  • The main purpose of this report is to provide epidemiological and clinical data on the occurrence of HAstV infection among diarrheic and non-diarrheic children aged up to two years, living in São Luís, Maranhão, Northeast region of Brazil. (fiocruz.br)
  • Compounds and methods disclosed herein are useful for treating viral infection in vertebrates, including RNA viral infections. (justia.com)