Rabies: Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.Rabies virus: The type species of LYSSAVIRUS causing rabies in humans and other animals. Transmission is mostly by animal bites through saliva. The virus is neurotropic multiplying in neurons and myotubes of vertebrates.Rabies Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)ChileChurch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: A group of religious bodies tracing their origin to Joseph Smith in 1830 and accepting the Book of Mormon as divine revelation. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Quackery: The fraudulent misrepresentation of the diagnosis and treatment of disease.Hospices: Facilities or services which are especially devoted to providing palliative and supportive care to the patient with a terminal illness and to the patient's family.Natural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)ADAM Proteins: A family of membrane-anchored glycoproteins that contain a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain. They are responsible for the proteolytic cleavage of many transmembrane proteins and the release of their extracellular domain.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Lawyers: Persons whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance to clients and represent them in legal matters. (American Heritage Dictionary, 3d ed)Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Bites, Human: Bites inflicted by humans.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Th2 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.Th1 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.Receptor, IGF Type 1: A protein-tyrosine kinase receptor that is closely related in structure to the INSULIN RECEPTOR. Although commonly referred to as the IGF-I receptor, it binds both IGF-I and IGF-II with high affinity. It is comprised of a tetramer of two alpha and two beta subunits which are derived from cleavage of a single precursor protein. The beta subunit contains an intrinsic tyrosine kinase domain.Receptor, Insulin: A cell surface receptor for INSULIN. It comprises a tetramer of two alpha and two beta subunits which are derived from cleavage of a single precursor protein. The receptor contains an intrinsic TYROSINE KINASE domain that is located within the beta subunit. Activation of the receptor by INSULIN results in numerous metabolic changes including increased uptake of GLUCOSE into the liver, muscle, and ADIPOSE TISSUE.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Th17 Cells: Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.Astroviridae: A family of RNA viruses with two genera: MAMASTROVIRUS and AVASTROVIRUS. They cause GASTROENTERITIS in humans and also infect other vertebrates.Astroviridae Infections: Infections with ASTROVIRUS, causing gastroenteritis in human infants, calves, lambs, and piglets.Mamastrovirus: A genus of small, circular RNA viruses in the family ASTROVIRIDAE. They cause GASTROENTERITIS and are found in the stools of several vertebrates including humans. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route and there are at least eight human serotypes. The type species is Human astrovirus.Intussusception: A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Avastrovirus: A genus of ASTROVIRIDAE infecting avian species and often involving extra-intestinal manifestations. The type species is Turkey astrovirus.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Nimustine: Antineoplastic agent especially effective against malignant brain tumors. The resistance which brain tumor cells acquire to the initial effectiveness of this drug can be partially overcome by the simultaneous use of membrane-modifying agents such as reserpine, calcium antagonists such as nicardipine or verapamil, or the calmodulin inhibitor, trifluoperazine. The drug has also been used in combination with other antineoplastic agents or with radiotherapy for the treatment of various neoplasms.Amination: The creation of an amine. It can be produced by the addition of an amino group to an organic compound or reduction of a nitro group.ThiophenesFurans: Compounds with a 5-membered ring of four carbons and an oxygen. They are aromatic heterocycles. The reduced form is tetrahydrofuran.Oxazoles: Five-membered heterocyclic ring structures containing an oxygen in the 1-position and a nitrogen in the 3-position, in distinction from ISOXAZOLES where they are at the 1,2 positions.Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome: An acute, transmissible, infectious disease associated with high MORTALITY and MORBIDITY in young turkeys (poults). It is characterized by DIARRHEA; ANOREXIA; growth depression, and immune dysfunction. The cause is unknown but astroviruses (AVASTROVIRUS) and coronaviruses (CORONAVIRUS, TURKEY) have been isolated from diseased poults and are thought to cause the enteritis and increased susceptibility to bacterial infections.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Enteritis: Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.BooksVirology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of viruses, and VIRUS DISEASES.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Nobel PrizeUser-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.

Molecular epidemiology of childhood astrovirus infection in child care centers. (1/92)

This study assessed the role of human astrovirus (HAstV) in outbreaks and sporadic cases of diarrhea among children attending child care centers (CCCs) and determined the infecting astrovirus antigenic types by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequence analysis. Eight astrovirus outbreaks occurred in 6 CCCs. Of 179 children with diarrhea, 36 (20%) had astrovirus-associated diarrhea. Diarrhea stools obtained during diarrhea outbreaks were more likely to contain astrovirus (40/476) than were samples not associated with a diarrhea outbreak (14/452) (P<.001). Type-specific RT-PCR and DNA sequencing identified 5 outbreaks associated with HAstV-1 and 3 outbreaks with HAstV-2. Sequential outbreaks in 2 CCCs occurred with a different type in the same year. Phylogenetic analysis identified 6 clades of HAstV-1 and 2 clades of HAstV-2 during this 1-year surveillance. Astrovirus was a significant cause of diarrhea outbreaks, and 2 antigenic types were present in the community during 1 diarrhea season.  (+info)

Prevalence of group A rotavirus, human calicivirus, astrovirus, and adenovirus type 40 and 41 infections among children with acute gastroenteritis in Dijon, France. (2/92)

Group A rotaviruses, human caliciviruses, astroviruses, and adenovirus types 40 and 41 were detected by enzyme immunoassay or reverse transcription-PCR in 61, 14, 6, and 3% of stool specimens from 414 children consulting for gastroenteritis between 1995 and 1998. These data highlight the importance of caliciviruses in infantile gastroenteritis. Among these, Norwalk-like viruses belonging to genogroup II were predominant.  (+info)

Epidemiology of astrovirus infection in young children hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Melbourne, Australia, over a period of four consecutive years, 1995 to 1998. (3/92)

The incidence of astrovirus infection in children less than 5 years of age hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Melbourne, Australia, from 1995 to 1998 was determined. Astrovirus was detected in 40 of 449 specimens tested by Northern hybridization, and astrovirus infection was confirmed by reverse transcription-PCR with or without culture in CaCO-2 cells. This represented 3.0% (40 of 1, 327) of all children tested for enteric pathogens, including viral, bacterial, and parasitic pathogens, over the survey period. The incidences of astrovirus infection in each year were 4.4% (1995), 2. 2% (1996), 3.9% (1997), and 1.4% (1998). In 1995 and 1997, the incidences of astrovirus infection were greater than the incidence of infection with all individual bacterial pathogens and were either greater than or equal to the incidence of adenovirus infection. Astrovirus exhibited an unusual biennial winter peak of incidence that correlated with a greater incidence of serotype 1 virus and an increased rate of hospitalization of children aged 6 to 12 months. Uncommon (serotype 2 and 4) and rare (serotype 8) serotypes were detected during the survey period. Genetic analysis of ORF2 (which encodes the astrovirus capsid precursor) of Melbourne isolates showed nucleotide sequence variation from year to year. This was not accompanied by significant amino acid substitutions. However, geographical variation was apparent by comparison of Melbourne astrovirus isolates with prototype strains identified in the United Kingdom.  (+info)

Molecular characterization of an avian astrovirus. (4/92)

Astroviruses are known to cause enteric disease in several animal species, including turkeys. However, only human astroviruses have been well characterized at the nucleotide level. Herein we report the nucleotide sequence, genomic organization, and predicted amino acid sequence of a turkey astrovirus isolated from poults with an emerging enteric disease.  (+info)

Astrovirus diarrhea in Egyptian children. (5/92)

This study describes the epidemiology of astrovirus diarrhea among a population-based cohort of 397 children aged <3 years residing in rural Egypt from 1995 to 1998. The age-specific incidence rates of astrovirus diarrheal episodes per person-year were 0.38 for infants aged <6 months, 0.40 for those aged 6-11 months, 0.16 for those aged 12-23 months, and 0.05 for those aged 24-35 months. The overall incidence rate of astrovirus diarrhea was the same as that of rotavirus diarrhea, 0.19 episodes per person-year. Astrovirus infection was pathogenic and associated with severe dehydration in 17% of the cases. The most frequent serotype was HAstV-1, and, in order of decreasing frequency, HAstV-5, HAstV-8 and HAstV-3, HAstV-6, HAstV-4, and HAstV-2. In determining whether astrovirus diarrhea was associated with a reduced incidence of subsequent disease, there was evidence to suggest HAstV-1 homotypic immunity but not heterotypic immunity. Because we observed 38% of the incidence of astrovirus diarrhea to occur in infants aged <6 months, a candidate astrovirus vaccine would have to confer immunity very early in life.  (+info)

Identification and type distribution of astroviruses among children with gastroenteritis in Colombia and Venezuela. (6/92)

Astrovirus infections were detected by enzyme immunoassay in 12 (5%) of 251 stool samples from children with gastroenteritis from Bogota, Colombia. In addition, astroviruses were detected by reverse transcription-PCR in 3 (10%) of 29 stool samples negative for other enteric pathogens collected in Caracas, Venezuela, from children with gastroenteritis. Astrovirus type 1 was the most frequently detected virus.  (+info)

Molecular epidemiology of human astrovirus diarrhea among children from a periurban community of Mexico City. (7/92)

Human astroviruses (HAstVs) were detected in 23 stool samples from 365 diarrhea episodes among 214 children (<18 months old) prospectively monitored for diarrhea in Mexico City. Stool samples were tested by EIA and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. EIA was less sensitive (74%) and equally specific, compared with RT-PCR analysis using type-common primers for HAstV detection. Of 31 HAstV isolates, EIA typed 18 (69%) of 26 EIA-positive samples, and RT-PCR analysis typed 26 (84%) of 31 RT-PCR-positive samples. Phylogenetic analysis of the 3' end of the capsid region (363 nucleotides) confirmed the type assignment by EIA and RT-PCR analysis and determined the type for 5 previously untyped samples. Six HAstV antigenic types cocirculated in the community: HAstV-2 (42%), HAstV-4 (23%), HAstV-3 (13%), HAstV-1 (10%), HAstV-5 (6%), and HAstV-7 (6%). RT-PCR and sequence analysis provided more detailed epidemiology of HAstV in the community than did antigenic detection methods.  (+info)

Comparison of capsid sequences from human and animal astroviruses. (8/92)

We have sequenced the genomic 3'-end, including the structural gene, of human astrovirus (HAstV) serotype 7 and morphologically related viruses infecting pig (PAstV), sheep (OAstV) and turkey (TAstV-1). These sequences were compared with corresponding astrovirus sequences available in the nucleic acid databases, including sequences of the seven other HAstV serotypes, two other avian astroviruses (TAstV-2 and avian nephritis virus) and astrovirus from cat (FAstV). A 35 nt stem-loop motif near the 3'-end of the genome, previously described as being highly conserved, was present in all of the astroviruses except TAstV-2. In the N-terminal half of the capsid precursor protein, there were several short conserved peptide motifs. Otherwise the capsid proteins of astroviruses infecting different hosts were highly divergent. Calculation of genetic distances revealed that the distance between FAstV and HAstV is comparable to the largest distances between different HAstV serotypes. Higher similarities between the HAstV, FAstV and PAstV capsid sequences suggest interspecies transmissions involving humans, cats and pigs relatively recently in the evolutionary history of astroviruses.  (+info)

*Astrovirus

The occurrence of astrovirus infection varies depending on the season. In temperate climates infection is highest during winter ... The Astroviridae capsid is related to those of the Tymoviridae. The non-structural region is related to the Potyviridae. It ... Astrovirus infection is not usually a severe situation and only in some rare cases leads to dehydration. The severity and ... "Astroviridae". web.stanford.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-11. Guix S, Bosch A, Pintó RM (2005). "Human astrovirus diagnosis and typing ...

*Viral disease

Laboratory investigation may be useful in diagnosing associated bacterial infections, however. Viral infections are commonly of ... There are seven positive single-stranded RNA families: three non enveloped (Astroviridae, Caliciviridae and Picornaviridae) and ... A viral disease (or viral infection) occurs when an organism's body is invaded by pathogenic viruses, and infectious virus ... [email protected] List of latent human viral infections Pathogenic bacteria Taylor, M.P.; Kobiler, O.; Enquist, L. W. (2012). " ...

*Baltimore classification

Proper infection and production of progeny requires that the cell be in replication, as it is during replication that the ... Examples of this class include the families Astroviridae, Caliciviridae, Coronaviridae, Flaviviridae, Picornaviridae, ...

*Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus

After infection, the entirety of the host cell's translation machinery may be diverted to the production of viral proteins as a ... Astroviridae, Caliciviridae, and Hepeviridae) and four are enveloped (Flaviviridae, Togaviridae, Arteriviridae, and ... The first proteins to be expressed after infection serve genome replication functions; they recruit the positive-strand viral ... Saxena, Pooja; Lomonossoff, George P. (4 August 2014). "Virus Infection Cycle Events Coupled to RNA Replication". Annual Review ...

*RNA virus

As such, purified RNA of a positive-sense virus can directly cause infection though it may be less infectious than the whole ... Family Gammaflexiviridae Family Tymoviridae Unassigned Family Alphatetraviridae Family Alvernaviridae Family Astroviridae ... "Viral Evolution and Escape during Acute HIV-1 Infection". J. Infect. Dis. 202 (Suppl 2): S309-14. doi:10.1086/655653. PMC ... "Evidence for negative-strand RNA virus infection in fungi". Virology. 435 (2): 201-9. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2012.10.002. PMID ...

*Taxonomic list of viruses

Viruses portal Virus Virology Virus classification List of latent human viral infections Table of clinically important viruses ... Astroviridae Genus: Avastrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 Genus: Mamastrovirus Mamastrovirus 1 ...
The prevalence of the recently identified astrovirus MLB1 in a cohort of children with diarrhea in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, was defined by reverse transcription-PCR. Of 254 stool specimens collected in 2008, 4 were positive for astrovirus MLB1. These results show that astrovirus MLB1 is circulating in North America.
MLB: The Net Result | A popular tout service selection is to recommend laying the run line with elite teams. Take a couple of losses following such a
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Can you name the 2012 MLB Second Basemen and Shortstops? Test your knowledge on this sports quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by sanchize37
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Barry M. Bloom has been a national reporter for MLB.com since 2002 and has more than 35 years of experience covering sports.
Waiver Wired: This Weeks Top MLB Pickups. D.J. Short takes a look at this weeks top waiver wire pickups in AL, NL and Mixed leagues.
Barry M. Bloom has been a national reporter for MLB.com since 2002 and has more than 35 years of experience covering sports.
The 2017 MLB season has been dominated by offense, but that doesnt mean there havent been great pitching performances. While the usual suspects like Clayton Kershaw, Max Scherzer, Chris Sale and Corey Kluber have all been unsurprisingly...
Newsday reporter Gus Garcia-Roberts, responsible for breaking and covering the 2013 biogenesis scandal, says new MLB commissioner Rob Manfred leads all professional sports in effective PED findings and suspensions.
Greetings! Welcome to the Second Weekly Edition of my Greatest Players in MLB according to their respective positions. Lets dive right into this weeks edition - Third Baseman. 10) Jimmy Collins...
MLB Report Date is different for every Club and Position. Luckily, you are going to report early and voluntarily. February 16 or Feb 28 are different.
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HOUSTON -- The All-Star break offers different things for different players. For some, its a chance to rest and reset before the second half of the season begins.
Ricky Nolasco catches up with Ed Randall on how recovering from injury in 2007 has helped him lead lead the Marlins to compete in the NL
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全台灣球迷都記得的一場比賽(((這場由郭泓志主投的比賽3幾乎最後的焦點都放在他一個人身上》不但打敗了強投 John Maine 獲得本場比賽勝投3這支全壘打也是大聯盟史上 back-to-back-to-back 全壘打記錄中唯一一次由投手擊出第三支全壘打》而事後他稍微誇張的甩棒動作也一度成為討論焦點》小小郭那場比賽的球具也被送至名人堂展覽了 ...
2011 對台灣的棒球迷們而言3是個幸福的一年3MLB全明星賽首次來台舉行3就連停辦兩年的亞洲職棒大賽3亦由台灣接手舉辦3雖然統一獅最後的成績差強人意3但還是給了我美好的一年》在職棒22年全部比賽結束後3統一獅依序在台北及高雄舉行兩場的全隊簽名會》可惜十月底在阪急台北店的那場總冠軍球迷會3不巧和高美濕地馬拉松撞期3只好放棄3而這場在夢時代的簽名會3又正好和 屏東單車國道馬拉松 同一天3此等大好良機就不能錯過啦!先在此感謝 PTT 統一獅版的一位熱心版友3在官方購物商城慶祝封王的期間3以會員VIP可享七折的優惠3幫我代購了兩顆空白大球3及一顆陳鏞基背號的空白球》 ...
To the Editor: Human astroviruses (HAstVs), first identified in 1975, are now considered an important cause of viral gastroenteritis, predominately infecting children ,2 years of age (1,2). HAstVs are classified into 8 serotypes. A unique astrovirus, MLB1 (AstV-MLB1), recently was discovered in a fecal sample from a child with diarrhea in Australia (3); subsequently, at least 6 novel astroviruses have been discovered from fecal samples, including AstV-MLB2, AstV-MLB3, HMO AstV-A/VA2, HMO AstV-C/VA1, HMO AstV-B/VA3, and AstV-VA4 (4-7). The prevalence of novel astroviruses in China remains unclear.. Fecal specimens were collected during July 2010-June 2011 from 723 children ,5 years of age who had acute gastroenteritis. Samples were from all of 295 eligible children brought for care to First Hospital of Lanzhou University (Lanzhou, China) and every fifth eligible child (n = 428) brought for care on 2 days of the week (Tuesday and Thursday) at Nanjing Childrens Hospital (Nanjing, China). The ...
Since they were identified in 1975, human astroviruses have been considered one of the most important agents of viral acute gastroenteritis in children. However, highly divergent astroviruses infecting humans have been recently discovered and associated with extra-intestinal infections. The report of cases of fatal meningitis and encephalitis, especially in immunocompromised individuals, has broadened their disease spectrum. Although zoonotic transmission among animal and human astroviruses has not been clearly recognized, the genetic similarity between some human and animal viruses makes it likely to occur. This review provides an update on the epidemiology of both classic and novel human astroviruses, and a comprehensive view on confirmed or potential association between astrovirus and human disease.
Infectious diarrhea leads to significant mortality in children, with 40 % of these deaths occurring in Africa. Classic human astroviruses are a well-established etiology of diarrhea. In recent years, seven novel astroviruses have been discovered (MLB1, MLB2, MLB3, VA1/HMO-C, VA2/HMO-B, VA3/HMO-A, VA4); however, there have been few studies on their prevalence or potential association with diarrhea. To investigate the prevalence and diversity of these classic and recently described astroviruses in a pediatric population, a case-control study was performed. Nine hundred and forty nine stools were previously collected from cases of moderate-to-severe diarrhea and matched controls of patients less than 5 years of age in Kenya and The Gambia. RT-PCR screening was performed using pan-astrovirus primers. Astroviruses were present in 9.9 % of all stool samples. MLB3 was the most common astrovirus with a prevalence of 2.6 %. Two subtypes of MLB3 were detected that varied based on location in Africa. In this case
There have been some evidence that there are distinct subtypes of turkey astrovirus. Strain et.al., performed experiment in differentiating the types of turkey astrovirus. Predicted capsid amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae 6. The TAstV-1 capsid sequence was found in a clade containing avian nephritis virus, with distance between it and the TAstV-1. Sequence analysis of TastV-1 and TastV-2 diagnostic amplicons was used to demonstrate that the levels of variation among TastV-1 and TastV-2 are very diverse. The phylogenetic analysis of the full-length capsid genes of both types of Tast-V shows that both may have originated from separate introductions into the turkey species and that there are at least two lineages which are distinct subtypes instead of serotypes. There are potential serotypes to appear within each subtypes. A computer analysis was done by Jonassesen et.al. that focused on the ORF1a gene ...
There have been some evidence that there are distinct subtypes of turkey astrovirus. Strain et.al., performed experiment in differentiating the types of turkey astrovirus. Predicted capsid amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae 6. The TAstV-1 capsid sequence was found in a clade containing avian nephritis virus, with distance between it and the TAstV-1. Sequence analysis of TastV-1 and TastV-2 diagnostic amplicons was used to demonstrate that the levels of variation among TastV-1 and TastV-2 are very diverse. The phylogenetic analysis of the full-length capsid genes of both types of Tast-V shows that both may have originated from separate introductions into the turkey species and that there are at least two lineages which are distinct subtypes instead of serotypes. There are potential serotypes to appear within each subtypes. A computer analysis was done by Jonassesen et.al. that focused on the ORF1a gene ...
Until today, classic human astroviruses have not been associated with central nervous system infections in immunocompetent patients. A 16-month-old Caucasian girl presented with repetitive generalized seizures with a 4-day history of watery diarrhea, which had already gradually improved. Initially, the prolonged seizures ceased after systemic midazolam treatment and were thought to be fever associated. However, her mental status remained altered, and after seizure recurrence, she was transferred to our pediatric intensive care unit. Seizure control was achieved by a combination of high-dose levetiracetam and phenobarbital, but she remained unconscious. An electroencephalogram at this time revealed generalized high voltage theta activity. All laboratory analyses, including extended blood and cerebrospinal fluid analyses, and a brain magnetic resonance imaging were normal. On day 4, the child gradually became conscious, but was very agitated and not able to walk. Since an electroencephalogram at this time
Reverse genetics systems enable the manipulation of viral genomes and therefore serve as robust reverse genetic tools to study RNA viruses. A DNA-launched rescue system initiates the transcription of viral genomic cDNA from eukaryotic promoter in transfected cells, generating homogenous RNA transcripts in vitro and thus enhancing virus rescue efficiency. As one of the hazardous pathogens to ducklings, the current knowledge of the pathogenesis of duck astrovirus type 1 (DAstV-1) is limited. The construction of a DNA-launched rescue system can help to accelerate the study of the virus pathogenesis. However, there is no report of such a system for DAstV-1. In this study, a DNA-launched infectious clone of DAstV-1 was constructed from a cDNA plasmid, which contains a viral cDNA sequence flanked by hammerhead ribozyme (HamRz) and a hepatitis delta virus ribozyme (HdvRz) sequence at both terminals of the viral genome. A silent nucleotide mutation creating a Bgl II site in the ORF2 gene was made to distinguish
The small, single-stranded positive-sense RNA astroviruses are mostly known to be enteric viruses. In recent years, though, different astroviruses were reported in association with neurological disease in various species. In cattle, two distinct neurotropic astrovirus genotype species were described in numerous cases of nonsuppurative encephalomyelitis, with one of these viruses also reported in similar circumstances in several sheep. Here, we retrieved archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded brain tissues of a muskox diagnosed with a comparable disease pattern in 1982 and investigated them for the presence of neurotropic astroviruses with various techniques. Initially, tissue samples scored positive for both neurotropic astroviruses by immunohistochemistry; however, unexpected results with further immunohistochemical testing, in situ hybridization and qRT-PCR prompted us to submit an RNA extract from the animals brain material to next-generation sequencing. We were thus able to obtain the full
Astrovirus infections cause gastroenteritis in mammals and have been identified as causative agents of diverse pathologies in birds such as hepatitis in ducks and poult enteritis mortality syndrome...
Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in temperate regions) and in the rainy season (in tropical climates). Incubation period: 3-4 days Associated diseases: gastroenteritis, celiac disease, intussusception (Fields 622). Symptoms: diarrhea in 72% - 100% in all cases, duration from 2-3 days Abdominal pain: 50% Vomiting: 20% - 70% Fever…
Kemenesi G, Dallos B, Görföl T, Boldogh S, Estók P, Kurucz K, Kutas A, Földes F, Oldal M, Németh V, Martella V, Bányai K, Jakab F: Molecular survey of RNA viruses in Hungarian bats: discovering novel astroviruses, coronaviruses and caliciviruses, VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES 14: (12) pp. 846-855 ...
These RNA viruses are said to cause about 5% of infant gastroenteritis (range, 2%-9%). Symptoms are various combinations of vomiting and diarrhea, lasting 0.5-4.0 days. They originally were identified by EM of stool specimens. Culture is also possible using special procedures. EIA test methods using homemade reagents have been described.. ...
All the latest breaking Major League Baseball news, MLB results and analysis, up-to-the-minute MLB stats and major league video highlights for all your favourite American baseball teams.
MLB Matchups provided by DonBest, along with more baseball information & betting odds for your sports gaming and betting needs 908.
MLB Matchups provided by DonBest, along with more baseball information & betting odds for your sports gaming and betting needs 998.
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The Braves Fredi Gonzalez became the first MLB manager to be fired this season. Will beleaguered Brad Ausmus of the Tigers be next? Jay Jaffe weighs in.
Baseballs 2013 playoffs officially start tonight with three games in three days to determine who will take the National and American League wildcard spots. MLB Network analyst Harold Reynolds joins
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The Dodgers officially start the 14 MLB season on Saturday with a two-game series against the D-Backs in Sydney, but no other dish, cable or telecom system has picked up Time Warner Cable SportsNet LA, according to Tom Hoffarth of the L.A. DAILY NEWS. That leaves only TWC subscribers --
GAMMONSDAILY.coms Scott Butler noted the Phillies drew over 3 million fans this season, but dropped from 1st to 8th in MLB attendance. Average attendance dropped from 38,522 through 60 home games to 32,834 in the last 20, a 15% decrease. The Phillies will have their first losing season since 02, a
LAKE BUENA VISTA, Fla. -- The Dodgers post-clinch pool party on the D-backs turf was only a symbolic splash representing the larger lapping that had occurred in the seasons second half.. Bless their gritty little hearts, the D-backs could not keep up with a Dodgers club overloaded with resources. And the sting of the D-backs second-place standing not only erased any sense of certainty regarding the statuses of Kevin Towers and Kirk Gibson beyond the coming year (their 2015 contract options were not exercised) but also emboldened Arizonas offseason outlook as the club prepares for a 2014 season that features an Aussie opening against those very Dodgers.. "We owe those guys" is how managing general partner Ken Kendrick termed it recently to MLB.com, and the push for payback is assisted this offseason with a deep prospect pool (a different pool, mind you, than the one that rests at Chase Field) and a rumored willingness to push the payroll past the $100 million mark for the first time in ...
*Disclosure: We were able to experience our first MLB game thanks to ScoreBig.com for sponsoring our family of four. I have heard of ScoreBig.com but I
30 posts published by fanaticalstability, Jonathan Hacohen, samevans87, Jake Dal Porto, saulwizz, chuckbooth3023, kholland13, nross56, planguzzi, bkrobinson, bernieolshansky, and MLB reports during December 2012
Betting analysis for the 2011 MLB season matchup between Cleveland and LA Angels. Includes ats, over/under and straight up odds analysis.
The Yankees won a marathon game 5-4 in 18 innings, completing a three-game sweep of the Cubs. The teams set an MLB record for combined strikeouts with 48.
Think youve seen it all? You havent. Even as baseball hibernates this week, dont forget what makes the sport so wonderfully bizarre.
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Nomar Garciaparra has had a string of injuries devastate his career this decade, and after another injury -- this time to his left calf -- the Dodgers infielder again returns to the disabled list. Garciaparra vents his frustration in this Player Perspective.
Yankees captain Derek Jeter is scheduled to begin his latest Minor League rehabilitation assignment on Thursday at Triple-A Scranton/Wilkes-Barre, and could rejoin New York on Saturday.
The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of turkey astrovirus(TAstV) capsid and polymerase gene was applied in the bursa of Fabricius (BF),thymus (TH), spleen (SP) and cloacal swabs (CS) from young poults with PEMS(Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome). The histological lesions were atrophy,lymphoid depletion, cellular infiltration and necrosis of BF, TH and SP,respectively. The RT-PCR reactions were positive in all of 100 CS, 7 out of 10 ofBF, 10 out of 20 TH and SP, respectively, for the polymerase gene of TAstV-2.Five out of 10 TH and SP samples, considered as negative by RT-PCR, werepositive when specific primers designed to the TAstV-2 capsid gene were applied.Finally, this is the first description of turkey astrovirus infection presenting PEMS inLatin America ...
Kris Bryant may be one of baseballs most lauded young players, but as former top prospects Mike Trout and Bryce Harper will tell you, thats no guarantee for immediate MLB success.
Marcell Ozuna, the Miami Marlins All-Star left fielder, headed to Taiwan this week, where he will host youth baseball clinics as an MLB International Ambassador this weekend.
Since you need to be caught up, Corey and I are here to break down every deal from the month of November and how we think it will affect the 2013 MLB season, all the while proving the warm atmosphere you have come to expect from the Call to the Bullpen.
This is the thread for the official 2010 Redszone MockDraft Here are some online resources available for free to all users to help make your picks Baseball Americas Top 200 Draft prospects MLB.coms 2010 Draft coverage If you are going to be away from the computer for sometime and know your pick is coming up, please PM me with your list of choices. We have several teams without GMs - so anyone browsing the thread when the BPA teams are up are welcome to step to the plate and
For all of the attention paid to rising sports TV rights, theres still a market for sports on the radio. MLB and Sirius XM Radio announced a six-year extension of their media rights deal that keeps the carrier as the leagues official satellite radio partner through the 2021 season.
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Major League Baseball and the Major League Baseball Players Association issued the following joint statement today about the testing protocols for testosterone under the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program.
July 3 2017 by cranbak in Stars ,Comments Off on (4800) X 2009 NEW YORK YANKEES MLB: THE OFFICIAL WORLD SERIES FILM NEW BLU-RAY ...
Major League Baseball and the Major League Baseball Players Association issued the following joint statement today about the testing protocols for testosterone under the Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program.
2007 was an injury-riddled year for the As (They used the DL over 20 times), and things were looking iffy for 2008 - 3/5 of the projected starting rotation (Harden, Duke, and Gaudin) were coming back from injuries/surgeries, Chavez had 3 offseason surgeries, and Bobby Crosby is...well...Bobby Crosby. So Billy Beane decided to pull the trigger and "rebuild," trading Dan Haren, Nick Swisher, Mark Kotsay, and Marco Scutaro for a grip of young prospects. And to be honest, I wouldnt be surprised if more trades were made before the deadline (Blanton and Street could go, along with Ellis, and Chavez if he gets healthy). The majority of opinions seem to say that with all the prospects the As acquired (Carloz and Gio Gonzalez, Brett Anderson, etc), itll probably be a year or two before they start to get good. But if the As keep their current roster, they could have a decent 2008. Harden is lights out when hes healthy (granted, thats not very often, but whatever. Well go with it), and Blanton is ...
A broken wrist usually means four-to-six weeks on the disabled list, but not for Albert Pujols. The Cardinals slugger was back in two weeks, hitting homers and driving in runs, just like nothing had happened. Hes on pace for his 11th straight 30-homer season.
He just gave me a fastball and I stayed through it," Youkilis said. "I was just trying to hit it up the middle and I was very fortunate the ball stayed to where it just got away from (center fielder) Corey Patterson. I thought he was going to make a great play on it but it got away from him and it was great just to get that hit ...
All signs are pointing to Joe Mays being the starting middle linebacker when the Eagles face the Bears Sunday night. - Jeff McLane, Philadelphia Inquirer
Marlins transfer Casey Kotchman to 60-day DL If you play fantasy sports, get breaking news and immerse yourself in the ultimate fan experience.
Fri, 02 May 2014 19:03:55 -0700. Cleveland Indians 2B Jason Kipnis (oblique) could be sidelined three to five weeks because of his oblique injury. General manager Chris Antonetti said the timeframe could vary depend on the severity of the injury. The team will know about the recovery time once Kipnis stops feeling pain. ...
Its a temporary stopgap for now, but the 20-year-old Herrera could be New Yorks second baseman of the future. Not only does he become the youngest active player on a major league roster, according to STATS, he was the youngest player in the Eastern League this year.
Tom Verducci of Sports Illustrated had an interesting piece about parity in baseball, which seems to be following the path of the NFL.
Mon, 10 Feb 2014 16:16:51 -0800. Los Angeles Dodgers SP Paul Maholm can make up to $5 million this year through incentives. In order to do so, he must gain a total of 60 points, with two points for a game started, 1 1/2 points for an outing of two or more innings and one point for an outing fewer than two innings. ...
It really is probable that a single effectively done examine shows different results than another similarly well completed research. These research are known as outliers and do not mirror the actuality. To get over this issue researchers conduct several
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More than two years after retiring as a pitcher and deciding to try to make it back to the Major Leagues as an outfielder, one-time pitching phenom Rick Ankiel returned to the big leagues Thursday night as the starting right fielder for the Cardinals.
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The one year contract is becoming something thats used more and more by GMs across the league. One reason it gets used is as a buy low option for a player coming off an injury who cant get the multip
Barry Bonds has just been sentenced to 30 days of house arrest -- for lying to a grand jury during a 2003 federal investigation into steroid use by MLB…
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It has T=3 icosahedral symmetry (insert picture) The capsid is about 35 nm, spikes protrude from 30 vertices. The cellular tropism: enterocytes / epithelial cells of the intestinal tract. Works Cited Human Astroviruses. National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2015. Knipe, David M., and Bernard N. Fields. Chapter…
Injuries and some truly bad performances played havoc with the MLB standings this past week. How did that affect the power rankings after Week Three?Generally, heading into the MLB season, it is fairly easy to see who the top teams are going to be. Likewise, it is easy to determine which teams are...
MLB baseball news, rumors and Fantasy advice from the experts at CBSSports.com. MLB scores, standings, stats and blogs covering every player and team in Major League Baseball.
Well, why the hell not?. Is it okay to cheat as long as you come clean about exactly how long you were breaking the rules and you were telling the truth about that?. Oh, you just used steroids from 2001 until 2003 - no problem.. No wonder he always looks so smug.. The Yankees had no comment. I can only assume they didnt comment because "Were having a big party that involves lots of gloating, drugs and hookers, but dont worry, well admit the exact details of our transgressions later and Selig will be cool." sounds really bad as a sound byte.. I am starting to really hate the entire MLB organization.. ~Sarah. ...
Alex Rodriguez was suspended through 2014 and All-Stars Nelson Cruz, Jhonny Peralta and Everth Cabrera were banned 50 games apiece Monday when the MLB disciplined 13 players in a drug case.
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He made his pitch. It was a cutter that actually ran off the plate," Scott said. "It worked out good for me because I hit it off the end of the bat and the ball wasnt able to stay up. Its a funny game how it works out, but its a good win for us ...
It is pointed out to Byron Buxton, a centerfielder whom the Minnesota Twins paid $6 million to sign last year, that he could pay someone to cut the acres of grass at his new house, his old house and his aunt's house. "I'd rather do it myself," he said.
The Rangers bullpen has been a team strength in 2009, ranking just below the American Leagues top units. Hard-throwing left-hander C.J. Wilson is a big reason why, showing versatility and intelligence in the late-innings for the AL West leaders.
Thanks to the telecasts of the Cubs-Marlins by Fox Sports Florida and the superb DVR service of MLB.Coms MLB.TV, we get a good, albeit blurry image of the incident this afternoon in Florida in which Cubs rookie outfielder Tyler Colvin...
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Pitches-strikes: Mock 101-59, Sosa 7-5, Burnett, S 9-5, Bergmann 10-8, MacDougal 9-6, Harang 115-75, Masset 27-14, Cordero, F 6-4. ...
Jonny Gomes homered leading off the sixth against CC Sabathia (1-2), and the four-run inning was more than Boston had scored for Lester in his first two starts combined. Despite a 2.51 ERA coming in, Lester (1-2) was at risk of falling to 0-3 for the first time in his career ...
I have 2 RTTS games, but play em 70/30 in favour of my Pitcher I think. Main reason is perhaps because Im playing at times like now, late and after Ive had a few. If I could do batting at 8.30 on a weekday morning instead of going to work, Im sure Id be a master at it by now ...
Jonny Venters was a struggling Minor League pitcher prone to injuries until a move to the bullpen saved his career. The Braves All-Star, who credits former manager Bobby Cox with giving him a shot, is 4-1 with a 1.59 ERA in 46 relief appearances this season.
SAN FRANCISCO - Seven media companies, including The Associated Press, filed papers with a federal appeals court Tuesday in support of Hearst Corp.s fight to get the names of Major League
Major League Baseball has told the union which players it intends to suspend in its drug investigation and which ones will receive lengthier penalties for their roles in the Biogenesis case.
Id say its questionable for him to throw (Friday), which would then make it questionable that he would make his next start, which means he wont make it, more than likely," manager Bobby Valentine told the newspaper. Beckett allowed one earned run on a hit, two walks and a hit batsman before leaving Tuesdays game after 2 2/3 innings. He was booed by the hometown fans at Fenway Park when he left the field. In 18 starts this season, Beckett is 5-9 with a 4.54 ERA. ...
1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.. (2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a year-round, full-time hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.. (3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.. (8) Estimate not released.. (9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average. ...
BACKGROUND: Reverse genetics systems enable the manipulation of viral genomes and therefore serve as robust reverse genetic tools to study RNA viruses. A DNA-launched rescue system initiates the transcription of viral genomic cDNA from eukaryotic promoter in transfected cells, generating homogenous RNA transcripts in vitro and thus enhancing virus rescue efficiency. As one of the hazardous pathogens to ducklings, the current knowledge of the pathogenesis of duck astrovirus type 1 (DAstV-1) is limited. The construction of a DNA-launched rescue system can help to accelerate the study of the virus pathogenesis. However, there is no report of such a system for DAstV-1. METHODS: In this study, a DNA-launched infectious clone of DAstV-1 was constructed from a cDNA plasmid, which contains a viral cDNA sequence flanked by hammerhead ribozyme (HamRz) and a hepatitis delta virus ribozyme (HdvRz) sequence at both terminals of the viral genome. A silent nucleotide mutation creating a Bgl II site in the ORF2 ...
Incidence and Prevalent Types of Norwalk virus, Sapporo virus and Human astrovirus in Pediatric Gastroenteritis in Hiroshima ...
Major League Baseball is withdrawing its proposal for a new bidding system with Japan, making it uncertain whether prized pitcher Masahiro Tanaka will be on the market this offseason. MLB Chief Operating Officer Rob Manfred said Japanese officials had not acted quickly enough on MLB's proposal for
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Norovirus is a highly contagious virus that can infect anyone. You can get it from an infected person, contaminated food or water, or by touching contaminated surfaces. The virus causes your stomach or intestines or both to get inflamed. This leads you to have stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. These symptoms can be serious for many people, especially the vulnerable, young children and older adults.. HomeCareDirect alongside the NHS Infection Prevention and Control team wish to raise awareness in the prevention and control of Viral Gastroenteritis (Norovirus).. Numerous hospitals, independent living accommodation and care homes across the UK have recently been affected by viral gastroenteritis (Norovirus). Predictions are that it could be one of the worst years for people getting viral gastroenteritis which causes diarrhoea and vomiting, especially over Christmas and the winter months. To access advice to help you in preventing and controlling the spread of viral gastroenteritis, ...
Victor Conte, of BALCO infamy, has been in the news lately, now an antidoping crusader decrying what he sees as a massive loophole in Major League Baseballs drug testing. MLB subjects players to a test called the T/E Ratio Test that costs about $150 and measures the ratio of an athletes testosterone to epitestosterone. The normal ratio is 1 to 1, but MLB rules allow the player to go as high as 4 to 1. Conte says there is a test called the Carbon Isotope Ratio (CIR) test that identifies synthetic testosterone, even in small amounts and as long as two weeks after last usage. Conte points out that current MLB testing for human growth hormone is also expensive, and growth hormone is not nearly as powerful as low-dose testosterone. The players union fights increased testing, especially blood testing, calling it an invasion of privacy.
To the Editor: Viral gastroenteritis is caused by many pathogens, each with unique characteristics requiring different laboratory test for identification1,2. In our country several groups emphasizes the role of the viral gastroenteritis in children3-4. Similar studies have been done in the european countries5-7, Asia8, America9 and Oceania10. In relation to these contributions and since we are geographically related and have a similar context we could like to point out three aspects: first, to bring forward or 16 years of experience in systematic detection of Rotavirus in children; second, to show our findings in detecting other virus causing gastroenteritis (Adenovirus and Astrovirus) and finally, to mark that both Rotavirus infection and that caused by the aforementioned virus are reported to National Epidemiological Surveillance System. Since 1986 we systematically search for Rotavirus in fecal samples from children under seven years. At that time Rotavirus antigen detection by means of a ...
Chronic gastritis occurs when your stomach lining becomes swollen or. Medications and diet are the most common ways of treating chronic gastritis. And treatment for each type focuses on the cause of the. H2 receptor blockers can be used to treat conditions that cause excess stomach acid.. Home Cure Stomach Acid A worrying new study finds that the most widely sold drugs to treat heartburn and acid reflux may more than. Gastroenteritis In Adults - an easy to understand guide covering causes, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment and prevention plus additional in depth medical information.. Food poisoning and gastroenteritis can cause symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting. Treatment. Gastroenteritis and food poisoning usually resolve themselves without any medical intervention. More common in adults; Less common viral causes are astrovirus,. Also known as the stomach flu, viral gastroenteritis can affect anyone throughout the world. viral gastroenteritis is the leading cause of severe diarrhea in adults and ...

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Campylobacter infections, Campylobacter, Campylobacter Infections, Food Contamination, bakteerit, patogeenisuus, ... Allergy and Immunology, Bacterial Infections, Bacterial Infections and Mycoses, Bacteriology, Communicable Diseases, ... Medical microbiology, Communicable Diseases, Infection, Bacterial Infections, Mycoses, Parasitic Diseases, Virus Diseases, ... Mycoplasma diseases, Mycoplasma, Molecular Biology, Mycoplasma Infections, Bacteria, sähkökirjat. Razin, Shmuel;Tully, Joseph G ...
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Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated With Meningitis and Disseminated Infection - PubMedAstrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated With Meningitis and Disseminated Infection - PubMed

We identified astrovirus MLB2 infection in an immunocompetent case-patient and an immunocompromised patient who experienced ... Astroviridae Infections / diagnosis Actions. * Search in PubMed * Search in MeSH * Add to Search ... Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated With Meningitis and Disseminated Infection Samuel Cordey, Diem-Lan Vu, ... Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated With Meningitis and Disseminated Infection Samuel Cordey et al. Emerg ...
more infohttps://phgkb.cdc.gov/PHGKB/phgHome.action?action=forward&dbsource=amd&id=8044

RNA Viruses - Videos & Lessons | Study.comRNA Viruses - Videos & Lessons | Study.com

... and learn about the different aspects of various viral infections, like the stomach flu, HIV and rabies. Take the quizzes that ... 2. Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family This lesson will focus on something more commonly known as the ... Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family. Learn about viral gastroenteritis, astrovirus and viral diarrhea, ... Watch video lessons, and learn about the different aspects of various viral infections, like the stomach flu, HIV and rabies. ...
more infohttps://study.com/academy/topic/rna-viruses.html

Welcome to CDC stacks | Recently Identified Novel Human Astroviruses in Children with Diarrhea, China - 19154 | Emerging...Welcome to CDC stacks | Recently Identified Novel Human Astroviruses in Children with Diarrhea, China - 19154 | Emerging...

Astroviridae Infections Astrovirus Child Children China Diarrhea Enteric Infections Feces Humans Letter Letters To The Editor ... We identified astrovirus MLB2 infection in an immunocompetent case-patient and an immunocompromised patient who experienced ... Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated with Meningitis and Disseminated Infection ...
more infohttps://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/19154

List of infectious diseases - WikipediaList of infectious diseases - Wikipedia

Astrovirus infection Astroviridae family Babesiosis Babesia species Bacillus cereus infection Bacillus cereus ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection One of the Human papillomaviruses Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza ... Infections associated with diseases. References[edit]. *^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses ... Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_infectious_diseases

conditions: Asconditions: As

Astroviridae Infection. *Astroviridae Infections. *Astrovirus. *Asulfidine. *Asuntol. *Asymmetric Diabetic Proximal Motor ...
more infohttp://conditions.healthplace.com/sections/As

Diagnosis of neuroinvasive astrovirus infection in an immunocompromised adult with encephalitis by unbiased next-generation...Diagnosis of neuroinvasive astrovirus infection in an immunocompromised adult with encephalitis by unbiased next-generation...

Mapping of 1612 Astroviridae reads identified by SURPI resulted in recovery of ,94.9% of the 6586 base pair (bp) genome ( ... Research Department of Infection, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, United Kingdom.. 6. Neurology ... The sequencing and confirmatory studies revealed neuroinvasive infection of the brain by an astrovirus belonging to a recently ... Diagnosis of neuroinvasive astrovirus infection in an immunocompromised adult with encephalitis by unbiased next-generation ...
more infohttps://phgkb.cdc.gov/PHGKB/phgHome.action?action=forward&dbsource=amd&id=6203

Search Articles | University of Toronto LibrariesSearch Articles | University of Toronto Libraries

Astroviridae Infections - epidemiology , Infant , Male , Gastroenteritis - virology , Phylogeny , Genetic Variation , Young ... Astroviridae Infections - virology , Child , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Russia - epidemiology , Brazil - ... The aims of this study were to monitor human astrovirus (HAstV) infections in patients presenting with acute gastroenteritis in ... INFECTION , IDENTIFICATION , GASTROENTERITIS , ROTAVIRUS , HOSPITALIZED CHILDREN , Humans , Middle Aged , Child, Preschool , ...
more infohttps://query.library.utoronto.ca/index.php/search/q?kw=Author:Carmona,%20Rita

Search Articles | University of Toronto LibrariesSearch Articles | University of Toronto Libraries

Astroviridae Infections - veterinary , Brain - virology , Molecular Sequence Data , Astroviridae Infections - epidemiology , ... Astroviridae Infections - virology , RNA, Viral - isolation & purification , Cluster Analysis , Clinical Veterinary ... Listeriosis is an emerging zoonotic infection of humans and ruminants worldwide caused by Listeria monocytogenes (LM). In both ... infection,... Attachment protein , CDV persistence , Swift cell-to-cell spread , Primary brain cells , Demyelinating ...
more infohttps://query.library.utoronto.ca/index.php/search/q?kw=Author:Vandevelde,%20Marc

dict.md | Adict.md | A

Astroviridae Infections. Astroviridae Infections [Disease/Finding]. Astrovirus. Astrovirus [Identifier] in Stool by Electron ...
more infohttp://en.dict.md/A/484

Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated with Meningitis and Disseminated Infection - Volume 22, Number 5-May 2016...Astrovirus MLB2, a New Gastroenteric Virus Associated with Meningitis and Disseminated Infection - Volume 22, Number 5-May 2016...

We identified astrovirus MLB2 infection in an immunocompetent case-patient and an immunocompromised patient who experienced ... can disseminate outside the digestive tract and is an unrecognized cause of central nervous system infection. ... diverse clinical manifestations, notably, meningitis and disseminated infection. The initial case-patient was identified by ... Astroviruses, family Astroviridae, are small, nonenveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses. The family comprises 2 genera: ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/22/5/15-1807_article

Structural, Mechanistic, and Antigenic Characterization of the Human Astrovirus Capsid | Journal of VirologyStructural, Mechanistic, and Antigenic Characterization of the Human Astrovirus Capsid | Journal of Virology

The Astroviridae family also includes many nonhuman astroviruses (AstVs) that cause infections in mammals and birds, causing a ... Astrovirus infection in children. Curr Opin Infect Dis 16:247-253. doi:10.1097/00001432-200306000-00011. ... Prevalence of astrovirus infection among Chilean children with acute gastroenteritis. J Clin Microbiol 36:3691-3693. ... Temporal synthesis of proteins and RNAs during human astrovirus infection of cultured cells. J Virol 65:641-648. ...
more infohttps://jvi.asm.org/content/90/5/2254

Liosta de ghalair thógálacha - VicipéidLiosta de ghalair thógálacha - Vicipéid

Astrovirus infection. Fine [[[Astrovirus,Astroviridae]]. Babesiosis. Géineas Babesia. Ionfhabhtú Bacillus cereus. Bacillus ... Helicobacter pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Escherichia coli O157:H7, O111 and O104:H4 ... Clostridium botulinum; Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin. ...
more infohttps://ga.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liosta_de_ghalair_th%C3%B3g%C3%A1lacha

ASMscience | Clinical Virology ManualASMscience | Clinical Virology Manual

... within the Astroviridae family. Human astrovirus infections occur worldwide and are primarily associated with pediatric disease ... The majority of acutely infected individuals progress to chronic infection with almost no propensity to resolve the infection ... Current strategies for preventing human poxvirus infections are ones that stress awareness of the potential for infection and ... virus infections. Ciliocytophthoria occurs most frequently with influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, and adenovirus infection ...
more infohttp://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555815974

Different rates of (non-)synonymous mutations in astrovirus genes; correlation with gene function | Virology Journal | Full TextDifferent rates of (non-)synonymous mutations in astrovirus genes; correlation with gene function | Virology Journal | Full Text

We analyzed the complete Astroviridae family for the inference of adaptive molecular evolution at sites and in branches. High ... Complete genome sequences of the Astroviridae include human, non-human mammalian and avian species. A consensus topology of ... an astrovirus infection is fatal for a considerable part of the livestock [2, 3]. The family of Astroviridae is divided in two ... Lukashov VV, Goudsmit J: Evolutionary relationships among Astroviridae. J Gen Virol 2002, 83: 1397-1405.PubMedView Article ...
more infohttps://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-4-25

Biology Quizzes | Study.comBiology Quizzes | Study.com

Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family View Quiz Chemical Control of Plant Growth and Reproduction ...
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astroviridae - Page 2astroviridae - Page 2

... concordant with multiplex RT-PCR and was reliable for the detection of both single infections and multiple infections in stool ... astroviridae. Skip to content Prevention & Management. There is no vaccine for any of the serotypes. However, inoculation of ... "Chapter 21: Astroviridae." Fields Virology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013. 609-28. Print. ... The association of astrovirus-associated enteric infections have been reported from various settings among different age groups ...
more infohttps://astroviridae.wordpress.com/page/2/

Arenaviridae Infections | Profiles RNSArenaviridae Infections | Profiles RNS

Arenaviridae Infections. *Astroviridae Infections. *Birnaviridae Infections. *Bunyaviridae Infections. *Caliciviridae ... "Arenaviridae Infections" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Arenaviridae Infections" by people in this website by year, ... Regulation of tissue-dependent differences in CD8+ T cell apoptosis during viral infection. J Virol. 2014 Sep 1; 88(17):9490- ...
more infohttps://profiles.umassmed.edu/display/118243

Clinical Profile - astroviridaeClinical Profile - astroviridae

Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in temperate regions) and in the rainy season (in ... astroviridae. Skip to content Clinical Profile. Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in ... "Chapter 21: Astroviridae." Fields Virology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013. 609-28. Print. ...
more infohttps://astroviridae.wordpress.com/2015/03/19/clinical-profile-2/

Hepatitis E | Harvard Catalyst Profiles | Harvard CatalystHepatitis E | Harvard Catalyst Profiles | Harvard Catalyst

Arenaviridae Infections. *Astroviridae Infections. *Birnaviridae Infections. *Bunyaviridae Infections. *Caliciviridae ... Kaushik N, Anang S, Ganti KP, Surjit M. Zinc: A Potential Antiviral Against Hepatitis E Virus Infection? DNA Cell Biol. 2018 ... Autoimmune hemolytic anemia in a young man with acute hepatitis E infection. Am J Hematol. 2017 May; 92(5):E77-E79. ...
more infohttps://connects.catalyst.harvard.edu/Profiles/display/Concept/Hepatitis%20E

Astrovirus Medical Definition | Merriam-Webster Medical DictionaryAstrovirus Medical Definition | Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary

Astroviridae) of single-stranded RNA viruses that infect vertebrates causing gastroenteritis in humans and especially children. ... any of a family (Astroviridae) of single-stranded RNA viruses that infect vertebrates causing gastroenteritis in humans and ... are medically important agents of gastroenteritis that produce clinical findings similar to those caused by rotavirus infection ...
more infohttps://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/astrovirus

Application # 2016/0289191. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS - Patents.comApplication # 2016/0289191. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS - Patents.com

Treatable viral infections include those where the virus employs an RNA intermediate as part of the replicative cycle ( ... ASTROVIRIDAE including Astrovirus, Human Astroviruses; CALICIVIRIDAE including Vesicular exanthema of swine virus, Norwalk ... Additionally it can be a disease or infection caused by or linked to Hepatitis viruses, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, ... viral diseases or infections including but not limited to all positive strand RNA viruses, coronaviruses, SARS virus, SARS- ...
more infohttp://patents.com/us-20160289191.html

Avian nephritis virus (ANV) on Brazilian chickens farms: circulating genotypes and intra-genotypic diversity, Archives of...Avian nephritis virus (ANV) on Brazilian chickens farms: circulating genotypes and intra-genotypic diversity, Archives of...

Astrovirus infection in hospitalized infants with severe combined immunodeficiency after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell ... Avian Nephritis virus (ANV) as a new member of the family Astroviridae and construction of infectious cDNA ... Astrovirus infections in humans and animals-molecular biology, genetic diversity, and interspecies transmissions ... Host related nucleotide composition and codon usage as driving forces in the recent evolution of the Astroviridae ...
more infohttps://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/avian-nephritis-virus-anv-on-brazilian-chickens-farms-circulating-8oUFNkAvh0

Outbreaks of Neuroinvasive Astrovirus Associated with Encephalomyelitis, Weakness, and Paralysis among Weaned Pigs, Hungary -...Outbreaks of Neuroinvasive Astrovirus Associated with Encephalomyelitis, Weakness, and Paralysis among Weaned Pigs, Hungary -...

... indicating a possible respiratory infection. Astrovirus could cause common, neuroinvasive epidemic disease. ... Bosch A, Guix S, Krishna NK, Méndez E, Monroe SS, Pantin-Jackwood M, et al. Astroviridae. In: King AMQ, Adams MJ, Carstens EB, ... Lum SH, Turner A, Guiver M, Bonney D, Martland T, Davies E, et al. An emerging opportunistic infection: fatal astrovirus (VA1/ ... Wunderli W, Meerbach A, Güngör T, Berger C, Greiner O, Caduff R, et al. Astrovirus infection in hospitalized infants with ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/23/12/17-0804

Science Clips - Volume 9, Issue 38, September 26, 2017Science Clips - Volume 9, Issue 38, September 26, 2017

Louis encephalitis virus infection. RESULTS: The patient presented with symptoms of central nervous system infection. Recent St ... Astroviridae, Picornaviridae, Poxviridae, and Genomoviridae. Some viral sequences belong to known camel or human viruses and ... Candida species are one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections. Because much of the treatment for Candida infections is ... Chronic HBV infection is a public health problem among pregnant women in Rwanda. Understanding that HBV-HIV co-infection may be ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/library/sciclips/issues/v9issue38.html
  • Propionibacterium propionicus amebiasis entamoeba histolytica candidiasis den-1 ebola hemorrhagic fever ebolavirus gnathostoma hispidum group b streptococcal infection streptococcus agalactiae helicobacter pylori infection helicobacter pylori hemolytic-uremic syndrome lymphatic filariasis onchocerciasis staphylococcal food poisoning staphylococcus genus taeniasis taenia genus lockjaw tinea pedis. (squareflair.com)
  • Babesiosis babesia genus group a streptococcus clostridium difficile infection clostridium difficile hantavirus pulmonary syndrome herpes simplex virus 1 metagonimus yokagawai pediculosis capitis rickettsial infection rickettsia genus tinea capitis hortaea werneckii tinea versicolor. (squareflair.com)
  • Babesiosis babesia genus moniliasis chagas disease clostridium difficile infection clostridium difficile coccidioides posadasii dracunculiasis dracunculus medinensis fasciolopsiasis fasciolopsis buski fasciola gigantica donovanosis human papillomavirus mono kuru kuru prion mycobacterium lepromatosis mc mycoplasma pneumonia mycoplasma pneumoniae neonatal conjunctivitis paracoccidioidomycosis whooping cough primary amoebic meningoencephalitis rat-bite fever streptobacillus moniliformis rhinosporidiosis rhinosporidium seeberi sepsis multiple herpes zoster staphylococcal infection staphylococcus genus visceral larva migrans yersiniosis yersinia enterocolitica. (squareflair.com)
  • Fully revised and updated by the new author team, partI presents the fundamental principles of virology related to animal infection and disease, and partII addresses the clinical features, pathogenesis, diagnosis, epidemiology and prevention of individual diseases. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Bv clostridium botulinum burkholderia cepacia ctfv ebov enterobius vermicularis escherichia coli o157:h7 hepatitis e hepatitis e virus hookworm infection ancylostoma duodenale human monocytic ehrlichiosis ehrlichia chaffeensis wuchereria bancrofti myiasis parasitic dipterous fly larvae onchocerca volvulus bordetella pertussis pcp variola minor syphilis treponema pallidum trichophyton toxoplasmosis toxoplasma gondii tularemia francisella tularensis venezuelan hemorrhagic fever. (squareflair.com)
  • evidence supports that it is infectious lymphocytic choriomeningitis lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus phthirus pubis rickettsial infection rickettsia genus staphylococcal infection staphylococcus genus trichophyton genus tinea unguium toxocara cati toxocara cati. (squareflair.com)
  • Actinomyces gerencseriae hiv anthrax bacillus anthracis arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection arcanobacterium haemolyticum balantidiasis balantidium coli burkholderia infection staphylococcus clostridium difficile infection clostridium difficile cchf cutaneous larva migrans ehrlichiosis ehrlichia genus enterococcus infection enterococcus genus parvovirus b19 exanthem subitum gonorrhea neisseria gonorrhoeae klebsiella granulomatis enteroviruses enterovirus 71 hsv-2 brugia malayi mycoplasma pneumonia mycoplasma pneumoniae creutzfeldt-jakob disease onchocerciasis body lice pneumocystis pneumonia sars coronavirus taeniasis taenia genus jock itch tuberculosis. (squareflair.com)
  • Borrelia infection borrelia genus buruli ulcer mycobacterium ulcerans group a streptococcus clonorchiasis clonorchis sinensis diphyllobothriasis diphyllobothrium ehrlichiosis ehrlichia genus free-living amebic infection multiple o111 hepatitis e hepatitis e virus hga keratitis multiple kingella kingae infection kingella kingae pediculosis capitis spirillum minus rift valley fever virus rmsf viral pneumonia mucormycosis. (squareflair.com)
  • Sabia fasciolopsiasis fasciolopsis buski donovanosis helicobacter pylori infection helicobacter pylori kingella kingae infection kingella kingae rickettsia typhi pediculus humanus corporis rat-bite fever streptobacillus moniliformis tinea barbae trichophyton genus zygomycosis mucorales. (squareflair.com)
  • seroprevalence studies carried out in the US have shown that 90% of children have antibody to HastV-1 by age 9, suggesting that (largely asymptomatic) infection is common. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sequencing and confirmatory studies revealed neuroinvasive infection of the brain by an astrovirus belonging to a recently discovered VA/HMO clade. (cdc.gov)
  • Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin . (wikipedia.org)
  • Astrovirus was generally undetectable in feces but present in respiratory samples, indicating a possible respiratory infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Kaushik N, Anang S, Ganti KP, Surjit M. Zinc: A Potential Antiviral Against Hepatitis E Virus Infection? (harvard.edu)