A family of RNA viruses with two genera: MAMASTROVIRUS and AVASTROVIRUS. They cause GASTROENTERITIS in humans and also infect other vertebrates.
A genus of small, circular RNA viruses in the family ASTROVIRIDAE. They cause GASTROENTERITIS and are found in the stools of several vertebrates including humans. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route and there are at least eight human serotypes. The type species is Human astrovirus.
Infections with ASTROVIRUS, causing gastroenteritis in human infants, calves, lambs, and piglets.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.
Electron microscopy involving rapid freezing of the samples. The imaging of frozen-hydrated molecules and organelles permits the best possible resolution closest to the living state, free of chemical fixatives or stains.
The directional growth of an organism in response to an external stimulus such as light, touch, or gravity. Growth towards the stimulus is a positive tropism; growth away from the stimulus is a negative tropism. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A genus of ASTROVIRIDAE infecting avian species and often involving extra-intestinal manifestations. The type species is Turkey astrovirus.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
High molecular weight polymers containing a mixture of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides chained together by ribose or deoxyribose linkages.
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.
Species- or subspecies-specific DNA (including COMPLEMENTARY DNA; conserved genes, whole chromosomes, or whole genomes) used in hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms, to measure DNA-DNA homologies, to group subspecies, etc. The DNA probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the DNA probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin. The use of DNA probes provides a specific, sensitive, rapid, and inexpensive replacement for cell culture techniques for diagnosing infections.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Synthetic or natural oligonucleotides used in hybridization studies in order to identify and study specific nucleic acid fragments, e.g., DNA segments near or within a specific gene locus or gene. The probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
A family of RNA viruses, of the order MONONEGAVIRALES, containing filamentous virions. Although they resemble RHABDOVIRIDAE in possessing helical nucleocapsids, Filoviridae differ in the length and degree of branching in their virions. There are two genera: EBOLAVIRUS and MARBURGVIRUS.
The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
Infections with viruses of the family FILOVIRIDAE. The infections in humans consist of a variety of clinically similar viral hemorrhagic fevers but the natural reservoir host is unknown.
A highly fatal, acute hemorrhagic fever, clinically very similar to MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE, caused by EBOLAVIRUS, first occurring in the Sudan and adjacent northwestern (what was then) Zaire.
A genus of the family PICORNAVIRIDAE whose members preferentially inhabit the intestinal tract of a variety of hosts. The genus contains many species. Newly described members of human enteroviruses are assigned continuous numbers with the species designated "human enterovirus".
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 36 serotypes. It is comprised of all the echoviruses and a few coxsackieviruses, including all of those previously named coxsackievirus B.
A heterogeneous group of infections produced by coxsackieviruses, including HERPANGINA, aseptic meningitis (MENINGITIS, ASEPTIC), a common-cold-like syndrome, a non-paralytic poliomyelitis-like syndrome, epidemic pleurodynia (PLEURODYNIA, EPIDEMIC) and a serious MYOCARDITIS.
Infectious disease processes, including meningitis, diarrhea, and respiratory disorders, caused by echoviruses.
A species of ENTEROVIRUS which is the causal agent of POLIOMYELITIS in humans. Three serotypes (strains) exist. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route, pharyngeal secretions, or mechanical vector (flies). Vaccines with both inactivated and live attenuated virus have proven effective in immunizing against the infection.
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 10 serotypes, mostly coxsackieviruses.
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.
Hoofed mammals with four legs, a big-lipped snout, and a humped back belonging to the family Camelidae.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A group of deoxyribonucleotides (up to 12) in which the phosphate residues of each deoxyribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the deoxyribose moieties.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Treatment of diseases with biological materials or biological response modifiers, such as the use of GENES; CELLS; TISSUES; organs; SERUM; VACCINES; and humoral agents.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.

Avian nephritis virus (ANV) as a new member of the family Astroviridae and construction of infectious ANV cDNA. (1/27)

The complete RNA genome of the avian nephritis virus (ANV) associated with acute nephritis in chickens has been molecularly cloned and sequenced. Excluding the poly(A) tail, the genome comprises 6,927 nucleotides and contains three sequential open reading frames (ORFs). The first ORF (ORF 1a) contains a sequence encoding a serine protease motif, and the second ORF (ORF 1b) has a sequence encoding an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. ORF 1a may be linked to the second ORF by a ribosomal frameshifting mechanism. The third ORF (ORF 2) may encode the virion structural proteins as a polyprotein precursor. Two RNAs, probably genonic and subgenonic RNA (7.5 and 3.0 kb), were detected in the cytoplasm of ANV-infected cells. ANV and human astroviruses have the same genonic organization, and both are characterized by the presence of two RNA bands. The amino acid homologies of the products of ORF 1a, 1b, and 2 were 20.3, 41.9, and 25.8% to products of the corresponding ORFs of human astrovirus serotype 1 (A/88 Newcastle strain). We have constructed a genonic-length cDNA clone of ANV to test whether the in vitro transcript is infectious. When a chicken kidney cell culture was transfected with RNA transcribed in vitro and the cDNA clone, infectious virus was produced with cytopathic effects in the absence of trypsin. These observations suggested that the ANV (G-4260 strain) is a new genus of the family Astroviridae.  (+info)

Evolutionary relationships among Astroviridae. (2/27)

To study the evolutionary relationships among astroviruses, all available sequences for members of the family Astroviridae were collected. Phylogenetic analysis distinguished two deep-rooted groups: one comprising mammalian astroviruses, with ovine astrovirus being an outlier, and the other comprising avian astroviruses. All virus species as well as serotypes of human astroviruses represented individual lineages within the tree. All human viruses clustered together and separately from non-human viruses, which argue for their common evolutionary origin and against ongoing animal-to-human transmissions. The branching order of mammalian astroviruses was exactly the opposite of that of their host species, suggesting at least two cross-species transmissions involving pigs, cats and humans, possibly through intermediate hosts. Analysis of synonymous (Ds) versus non-synonymous (Da) distances revealed that negative selection is dominating in the evolution of astroviruses, with the Ds:Da ratios being up to 46 for the comparisons of the most closely related viruses. Phylogenetic analyses of all open reading frames (ORFs) based on Ds resulted in the loss of tree structures, with virus species--and in ORF2, even serotypes of human astroviruses--branching out from virtually a single node, suggesting their ancient separation. The strong selection against non-synonymous substitutions, the low number of which is, therefore, not proof of a recent separation between lineages, together with the position of the oldest available human astrovirus strain (1971) far from the common node of its serotype 4, suggest that intraserotype diversification originates from an earlier date.  (+info)

Host-related nucleotide composition and codon usage as driving forces in the recent evolution of the Astroviridae. (3/27)

The evolutionary history of the Astroviridae comprises the ancient separation between avian and mammalian astrovirus lineages followed by diversification among mammalian astroviruses. The latter process included several cross-species transmissions. We found that the recent, but not the ancient, evolution of astroviruses was associated with a switch in nucleotide composition and codon usage among non-human mammalian versus human/avian astroviruses. Virus and hosts phylogenies based on codon usage agreed with each other and matched the hosts' evolutionary emergence order. This recent switch in driving forces acting at the synonymous level points to the adaptation of codon usage by viruses to that of their hosts after cross-species transmissions. This is the first demonstration of nucleotide composition and codon usage being active driving forces during the recent evolutionary history of a virus group in the host-parasite system.  (+info)

Different rates of (non-)synonymous mutations in astrovirus genes; correlation with gene function. (4/27)

BACKGROUND: Complete genome sequences of the Astroviridae include human, non-human mammalian and avian species. A consensus topology of astroviruses has been derived from nucleotide substitutions in the full-length genomes and from non-synonymous nucleotide substitutions in each of the three ORFs. Analyses of synonymous substitutions displayed a loss of tree structure, suggesting either saturation of the substitution model or a deviant pattern of synonymous substitutions in certain virus species. RESULTS: We analyzed the complete Astroviridae family for the inference of adaptive molecular evolution at sites and in branches. High rates of synonymous mutations are observed among the non-human virus species. Deviant patterns of synonymous substitutions are found in the capsid structural genes. Purifying selection is a dominant force among all astrovirus genes and only few codon sites showed values for the dN/dS ratio that may indicate site-specific molecular adaptation during virus evolution. One of these sites is the glycine residue of a RGD motif in ORF2 of human astrovirus serotype 1. RGD or similar integrin recognition motifs are present in nearly all astrovirus species. CONCLUSION: Phylogenetic analysis directed by maximum likelihood approximation allows the inclusion of significantly more evolutionary history and thereby, improves the estimation of dN and dS. Sites with enhanced values for dN/dS are prominent at domains in charge of environmental communication (f.i. VP27 and domain 4 in ORF1a) more than at domains dedicated to intrinsic virus functions (f.i. VP34 and ORF1b (the virus polymerase)). Integrin recognition may play a key role in astrovirus to target cell attachment.  (+info)

Enteric viruses in molluscan shellfish. (5/27)

One hundred and thirty-seven bivalves were collected for environmental monitoring and the market; all the samples were analysed by RT-PCR test. Bacteriological counts meeting the European Union shellfish criteria were reached by 69.5% of all the samples, whereas the overall positive values for enteric virus presence were: 25.5%, 18.2%, 8.0% and 2.1% for Rotavirus, Astrovirus, Enteroviruses, Norovirus, respectively. Mussels appear to be the most contaminated bivalves, with 64.8% of positive samples, 55.7% and 22.7% respectively for clams and oysters, whereas in the bivalves collected for human consumption 50.7% were enteric virus positive, as compared to 56.4% of the samples collected for growing-area classification. The overall positive sample was 54.0%.  (+info)

Novel astroviruses in insectivorous bats. (6/27)

 (+info)

Complete genome sequence of a highly divergent astrovirus isolated from a child with acute diarrhea. (7/27)

 (+info)

Detection of novel astroviruses in urban brown rats and previously known astroviruses in humans. (8/27)

 (+info)

Astroviruses infect humans and many animal species and cause gastroenteritis. To extensively understand the distribution and genetic diversity of astrovirus in small mammals, we tested 968 anal swabs from 39 animal species, most of which were bats and rodents. We detected diverse astroviruses in 10 bat species, including known bat astroviruses and a large number of novel viruses. Meanwhile, novel groups of astroviruses were identified in three wild rodent species and a remarkably high genetic diversity of astrovirus was revealed in Eothenomys cachinus. We detected astroviruses in captive-bred porcupines and a nearly full-length genome sequence was determined for one strain. Phylogenetic analysis of the complete ORF2 sequence suggested that this strain may share a common ancestor with porcine astrovirus type 2. Moreover, to our knowledge, this study reports the first discovery of astroviruses in shrews and pikas. Our results provide new insights for understanding these small mammals as natural reservoirs
Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in temperate regions) and in the rainy season (in tropical climates). Incubation period: 3-4 days Associated diseases: gastroenteritis, celiac disease, intussusception (Fields 622). Symptoms: diarrhea in 72% - 100% in all cases, duration from 2-3 days Abdominal pain: 50% Vomiting: 20% - 70% Fever…
It has T=3 icosahedral symmetry (insert picture) The capsid is about 35 nm, spikes protrude from 30 vertices. The cellular tropism: enterocytes / epithelial cells of the intestinal tract. Works Cited Human Astroviruses. National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2015. Knipe, David M., and Bernard N. Fields. Chapter…
Human astroviruses (HAstVs) are members of the Astroviridae family which are recognized as one of the most common cause of viral gastroenter...
With advances in viral surveillance and next-generation sequencing, highly diverse novel astroviruses (AstVs) and different animal hosts had been discovered in recent years. However, the existence of AstVs in marmots had yet to be shown. Here, we identified two highly divergent strains of AstVs (tentatively named Qinghai Himalayanmarmot AstVs, HHMAstV1 and HHMAstV2), by viral metagenomic analysis in liver tissues isolated from wild Marmota himalayana in China. Overall, 12 of 99 (12.1 %) M . himalayana faecal samples were positive for the presence of genetically diverse AstVs, while only HHMAstV1 and HHMAstV2 were identified in 300 liver samples. The complete genomic sequences of HHMAstV1 and HHMAstV2 were 6681 and 6610 nt in length, respectively, with the typical genomic organization of AstVs. Analysis of the complete ORF 2 sequence showed that these novel AstVs are most closely related to the rabbit AstV, mamastrovirus 23 (with 31.0 and 48.0 % shared amino acid identity, respectively). Phylogenetic
Syftet med denna studie var att analysera och beskriva lärare i Idrott och hälsas erfarenheter och upplevelser av att använda läxor med hjälp av bland annat modern teknik i ämnet Idrott och hälsa. 8 stycken verksamma lärare i Idrott och hälsa intervjuades med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer. I resultatet framkom att lärarna delvis hade liknande erfarenheter av att använda läxor och modern teknik i sin undervisning, jämfört med beskrivningar i tidigare forskning. Vissa lärare använde läxor i sin undervisning, andra inte. Resultatet i denna studie uppvisar en paradox: de flesta av lärarna i önskade att skolan blev läxfri, fast de i nuläget själva använde sig av läxor exempelvis i syfte att utöka ämnestiden. När det gäller användning av modern teknik i undervisningen i ämnet Idrott och hälsa varierande detta beroende på vilka förutsättningar som fanns inom de olika skolorna. Det framkom även att det fanns ett generellt behov av vidareutbildning bland lärarna ...
Sammanfattning. Den internationella redovisningen har genomgått stora förändringar under de senaste åren. Allt fler länder i världen använder sig numera av International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Alla noterade företag inom EU måste tillämpa IFRS från och med 2005. Ett av de områden som förändrats under de senaste åren är redovisningsreglerna kring goodwill. Före år 2005 fick företag använda sig av olika metoder vid redovisning av företagsförvärv. Möjligheterna för företag att använda sig av olika redovisningsmetoder skapade enligt vissa forskare incitament att anordna transaktioner endast för att dra fördelar av skillnaderna som uppstod i de olika redovisningsmetoderna.. Vid redovisning av goodwill ska företagen testa om ett nedskrivningsbehov föreligger. För att testa detta måste företagen använda sig av flera subjektiva uppskattningar och antaganden. Dessa antaganden kan öppna dörrarna för kreativ bokföring, vilket innebär att ledningen ...
Kemenesi G, Dallos B, Görföl T, Boldogh S, Estók P, Kurucz K, Kutas A, Földes F, Oldal M, Németh V, Martella V, Bányai K, Jakab F: Molecular survey of RNA viruses in Hungarian bats: discovering novel astroviruses, coronaviruses and caliciviruses, VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES 14: (12) pp. 846-855 ...
Denna uppsats belyser hur några svenska företag praktiskt använder sina balanserade styrkort. Det som undersöks är vilket syfte som företag uppger att det balanserade styrkortet har och på vilken nivå i organisationen som styrkorten används. Avsikten är även att belysa varför de undersökta företagen har, alternativt inte har, ett belöningssystem kopplat till det balanserade styrkortet. För att genomföra undersökningen användes en kvalitativ metod och primärdata samlades in genom besöksintervjuer. De undersökta företagen är Proffice, S:t Görans sjukhus och Vägverket. Resultatet i undersökningen indikerar att det finns ett glapp mellan hur Kaplan och Norton föreskriver att balanserade styrkort bör användas och hur de i realiteten används. Det balanserade styrkortet används främst av chefer och inte av alla medarbetare som Kaplan och Norton föreskriver. Gemensamt för de tre företagen är att den högsta ledningen har bestämt att balanserade styrkort skall ...
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Vi använder cookies för att ge dig access till funktioner som gör det enklare att använda webbplatsen. Genom att fortsätta godkänner du att vi använder cookies. Tarmbakterier som bildar Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase har ämnen som bryter ner de flesta antibiotika ur penicillingruppen och gör att dessa inte kan användas. Detta är ett växande antibiotikaresistensproblem. ESBL-egenskapen gör bakterien motståndskraftig mot de antibiotika som är sannolikt att de kommer i kontakt med patientens hud, blod, urin. Bakterier med ESBL påträffas både inom sjukvården och i omsorgen men även i samhället bland personer som aldrig varit i kontakt med. Vårdtagare med bärarskapav ESBL-bildande tarmbakterier i särskilt boende. vid spill av tex blod, urin, avföring eller sårsekret eftersom kroppsvätskor och. ESBL Sedan några år tillbaka ökar förekomsten av multiresistenta . I regel rekommenderas prov på urin från patienter som har KAD eller som. ESBL-egenskapen gör bakterien ...
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För att patienter med demenssjukdom ska kunna orientera sig, bör miljön utformas så att den stödjer individen. förändringar kan göras i deras miljö såsom att använda namnskyltar på förrar och olika färger på väggar och golv. Syftet med studien var att belysa hur vårdmiljöns utformning kan stödja förmågan av tidsuppfattning och orientering för patienter med demenssjukdom. Metoden som användes var litteraturstudie av artiklar baserade på kvalitativa och kvantitativa forskningsmetoder. Polits och Hunglers arbetsmodell användes vid artikelsökningen. Analysen av artiklarna grundades på Graneheims och Lundmans innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att färg och färgdesign är betydelsefulla för orienteringen. Vårdmiljöns utformning påverkade beteendet hos patienter med demenssjukdom både i positiv och negativ riktning. Slutsats; Om vårdmiljön är tydligt utformad, d v s att rummens funktion visas genom användning av färg, tillgång till ljus och fönster, ökar ...
I svenskan förekommer ett flertal konstruktioner med så. I denna presentation undersöks förekomsten av tre i viss mån relaterade så-konstruktioner i ett korpus bestående av informella muntliga bildbeskrivningar från 17 svenska modersmålstalare och 17 vuxna inlärare av svenska med nederländska som förstaspråk (L1). Individuell variation hos inlärarna och modersmålstalarna analyseras och skillnader på gruppnivå mellan inlärarnas och modersmålstalarnas produktion diskuteras. Inlärning av svenska med det närbesläktade språket nederländska som förstaspråk har inte undersökts i någon högre utsträckning och studien har därför ett explorativt fokus.. De konstruktioner som undersökts och vars användning beskrivs och diskuteras i denna presentation är så i fundamentet (syntaktisk position 1 i V2-språk), självständigt med konkluderande/konsekutiv funktion (1) och som en del i s.k. fundamentsdubblering (se Ekerot, 1988), även kallad adjunktionellt så (2), samt så ...
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Användandet av så kallade semiprofessionella resurser i räddningsinsatser har blivit allt vanligare i Sverige. En semiprofessionell är en person som fått utökade arbetsuppgifter inom respons och räddning inom ramen för sitt ordinarie yrke. Det kanske mest kända exemplet är väktare som responderar på den kommunala räddningstjänstens ärenden.. I det projekt som avrapporteras här, är syftet att undersöka vilka yrkesgrupper som skulle passa bra som semiprofessionella, och vad som krävs för att de effektivt ska kunna utföra de nya arbetsuppgifterna, bland annat i form av utbildning och utrustning. Vidare syftar projektet till att utvärdera vilken samhällsnytta semiprofessionella kan bidra med. Som studieobjekt används Norrköpings kommun, och via en aktionsforskningsinspirerad metodansats är målet att projektresultaten ska kunna bidra till en ökad säkerhet och trygghet i kommunen.. En kombination av kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder används för att uppnå syftet. ...
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Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease, American stroke association 2013, Vol. 2, (1) : e004309 ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Kobuviruses - a comprehensive review. AU - Reuter, Gábor. AU - Boros, Ákos. AU - Pankovics, Péter. PY - 2011/1/1. Y1 - 2011/1/1. N2 - Kobuviruses are members of the large and growing family Picornaviridae. Until now, two official, Aichi virus and Bovine kobuvirus, and one candidate kobuvirus species, porcine kobuvirus, have been identified in human, cattle and swine, respectively. In addition, kobu-like viruses were detected very recently in the bat. Aichi virus could be one of the causative agents of gastroenteritis in humans, and kobuviruses probably also cause diarrhoea in cattle and swine. Although Aichi virus has been detected relatively infrequently (0-3%) in human diarrhoea, high seroprevalence, up to 80-95% at the age of 30-40, was found indicating the general nature of infection in different human populations. In the previous years, much new information has accumulated relating to kobuviruses and their host species. This review summarises the current knowledge on ...
Ftalater är benämningen på en grupp kemikalier som används som mjukgörare i olika material. Ett av de vanligaste användningsområdena är som mjukgörare i polyvinylplast (PVC) vilket är ett material som används till många produkter, till exempel leksaker. Ftalater klassas som externa mjukgörare vilket innebär att de har en tendens att läcka från produkter i vilka de ingår. Människor och djur kan sedan ta upp ftalater peroralt, via inhalation, transkutant eller exponeras in utero. Ett flertal ftalater har visat sig vara hormonstörande och orsaka reproduktionstoxiska effekter varför en lagstiftning har införts på EU-nivå för att begränsa användningen av vissa ftalater i leksaker till barn och barnavårdsartiklar. När det gäller leksaker till sällskapsdjur finns dock ingen sådan lagstiftning. De reproduktionstoxiska effekter som setts hos djur som gnagare och kanin är bland annat kryptorkidism, testikelneoplasi, små och atrofierade testiklar och bitestiklar samt små ...
En fullvärdig ledrörelse är en förutsättning för optimal rörelse och normal daglig aktivitet, inskränkt rörelse i en led kan vara ett tecken på smärta eller sjukdom. Undersökning av leders rörelseomfång är till god hjälp vid bedömning av leders hälsa samt vid utformning och utvärdering av behandlingsplaner. Goniometri för att mäta rörelseomfång har länge använts som ett alternativ till radiografi, som idag ses som Gold Standard, för att undvika att utsätta patient och personal för strålning. Användningen av en manuell goniometer för att mäta ledrörelse på hund kan innebära extra svårigheter om individen inte är samarbetsvillig då den kräver användningen av båda händerna. Den manuella goniometern är även tidskrävande vid avläsning och särskilt vid upprepade mätningar. För att kringgå detta har en ny typ av digital goniometer utvecklats som ska underlätta mätning genom digital avläsning samt enhandsfattning.. Syftet med studien var att ...
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Sprutbetong är betong som appliceras pneumatiskt under högt tryckt, en metod utvecklad i början av 1900-talet. Kort därefter gjordes de första försöken att använda sprutbetong som bergförstärkning. Den här nya tekniken minskade produktionstiden och när stålfibrer introduceras under 1970-talet kunde det tunga arbetet med att placera armering minimeras. Sedan dess har sprutbetong blivit den preliminära förstärkningsmetoden, särskilt för tunnlar i hårt berg där tunna lager av sprutbetong ibland kan användas som den enda förstärkningsåtgärden. Tunnlar byggs normalt genom metoden borrning-sprängning vilket leder till att bergytan där sprutbetongen appliceras få r en oregelbunden form. Under sprutning är det svårt att fastställa den exakta tjockleken och sprutbetongen har därmed en oregelbunden tjocklek. Beroende på in situ förhållanden kan oarmerad eller fiberarmerad sprutbetong i kombination med bergbultar användas för att förstärka berget. Det strukturella ...
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Det är välkänt att datadriven modellering av icke-linjära stokastiska system är ett utmanande problem, även i fallen där det kan reduceras till ren parameterskattning. Den huvudsakliga svårigheten är att likelihoodfunktionen inte är analytiskt hanterbar, vilket medför problem vid tillämpning av standardmetoder såsom maximum likelihood. Under det senaste decenniet har numeriska algoritmer baserade på sekventiell Monte Carlo (partikelfilter) rönt stort intresse. Dessa algoritmer har imponerande prestanda på en rad benchmarkproblem; dock så är deras praktiska tillämpning än så länge begränsad till specialfall där fundamentala begränsningar kan undvikas.. Den här avhandlingen introducerar nya metoder som kan användas för parameterestimering i en stor klass av icke-linjära stokastiska system. Metoderna baseras på enstegsprediktorer som är linjära i systemets observerade utsignal. Våra nya metoder kräver inte att likelihoodfunktionen beräknas; istället använder de, ...
27 maj 2019 kl. 06.10 (skillnad , historik) . . (+4 919)‎ . . N Kamagra Gentle Kamagra Jelly. Kamagra Online. Costs Of Tablets. Tabs On-line ‎ (Skapade sidan med ,br, It is to be noted that they are vulnerable to depression on account of work stress and every day issues. \u0027s new prescription benefit starting next yr, along with med...) (senaste) ...
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tglube Olja för vinkelstycke Spray 1x500 ml Produktinformation ProduktbeskrivningOlja för vinkelstycke. Rengör vinkelstycket från debris och ökar dess liv
chains in the Genus database with same CATH superfamily 2RD0 A; 4URK A; 4OVU A; 4ANU A; 3ZVV A; 4UWH A; 3L13 A; 3ZW3 A; 1E90 A; 4TUU A; 4L1B A; 1E8Y A; 3OAW A; 2WXK A; 3L54 A; 3ZIM A; 3PRZ A; 2WXN A; 4L23 A; 2X6I A; 4FJY A; 2WXI A; 4UWK A; 4FJZ A; 4A55 A; 5JHB A; 3TL5 A; 3SD5 A; 4EZK A; 2WXP A; 4EZL A; 3LJ3 A; 2WXM A; 3L16 A; 4WAF A; 3HIZ A; 4HLE A; 3IBE A; 4HVB A; 3PS6 A; 3ENE A; 3QAQ A; 4UWG A; 3CSF A; 3HHM A; 2A5U A; 3MJW A; 4XZ4 A; 3APF A; 4GB9 A; 3APD A; 3NZS A; 4PH4 B; 1E8W A; 4J6I A; 3ML9 A; 4G11 A; 3NZU A; 3IHY A; 3QJZ A; 3APC A; 3QAR A; 2X6F A; 2X6J A; 4F1S A; 2CHX A; 4AOF A; 5EDS A; 4KZC A; 1E8X A; 3T8M A; 2CHZ A; 5T8I A; 4DK5 A; 5ANL A; 4ANX A; 4UWL A; 3QK0 A; 2I9C A; 4PS7 A; 3S2A A; 3L08 A; 1E7U A; 4WWP A; 2A4Z A; 4WWN A; 2WXJ A; 3CST A; 1HE8 A; 4PS3 A; 2WXL A; 5G2N A; 3R7R A; 2CHW A; 2V4L A; 4FUL A; 3L17 A; 3R7Q A; 2WXO A; 1CJA A; 4WWO A; 2WXR A; 4EZJ A; 2WXQ A; 4XX5 A; 3LS8 A; 2WXG A; 3DBS A; 4JPS A; 4TV3 A; 4ANV A; 4FA6 A; 1E8Z A; 4OYS A; 2WXF A; 4L2Y A; 4KZ0 A; 5G55 A; 2X6K A; ...
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Bakar surdegsbröd, tillverkar chokladpraliner och tårtor, samt gör egen glass och sorbet. Till brödbaket används egna surdegskulturer och närproducerat ekologiskt mjöl. Serverar frukost, lunch och middag. I det ekologiska utbudet finns bryggkaffe, tre olika teer samt en chokladsort.. tis 7.30-18.30, ons-fre 7.30-23, lör 9-23, sön 9-18. ...
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Artikeln illustrerar att (kriminal)statistiken fyller en viktig roll i den demokratiska opinionsbildningsprocessen. Den har inte bara en kontrollfunktion uppifrån (Herrschaftswissen), utan också en nerifrån (Bürgerwissen). Den kan användas av medborgarna för att kontrollera maktutövningen och utkräva ansvar.. ...
Nu listar vi de 10 konstigaste sjukdomarna vi kunde hitta. Tyvärr var det svårt att hitta fakta om dom på svenska så har använt oss av den engelska wikipedian för att få fram fakta om sjukdomarna. Vissa bilder värre än andra men mycket intressant läsning, saker man aldrig sett eller hört talas om någonsin. Hittade…
Lasix Billigt Online Generisk Lasix Där jag kan beställa Lasix 100 mg Italien. Generic Lasix används för att behandla högt blodtryck och...
p,Nerladdning av bilderna för privatbruk tillåtet. Kommersiell användning förbjuden. Fråga alltid först.,br,Kuvia saa ladata yksityiskäyttöön. Kaupallinen käyttö kielletty. Kysy aina ensin.,br,You may download pics for private use :) Remember to credit the photographer,/p,,p,Kuvaaja mainittava/fotografen bör nämnas: © Johan Hagström. [email protected]  ,/p ...
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Please help me, Jon!!! Top and left side are already blended by me... I made a mistake by uploading my worhoel piece. The top piece is Sleep tigh... by ANV, the left tile is WeenyTinyW... by FDD. Could you patch it? THX SRD ...
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Astroviridae family Babesiosis Babesia species Bacillus cereus infection Bacillus cereus Bacterial pneumonia multiple bacteria ...
Familie Astroviridae. *Genus Avastrovirus. *Genus Mamastrovirus. *Genus ‚Bastrovirus'[46]. *Familie Barnaviridae. *Genus ...
The Astroviridae capsid is related to those of the Tymoviridae. The non-structural region is related to the Potyviridae. It ... "Astroviridae". web.stanford.edu. Retrieved 11 November 2016. Guix S, Bosch A, Pintó RM (2005). "Human astrovirus diagnosis and ... uses PCR to detect all known serotypes (7) of astrovirus 1995: In their sixth report, ICTV establishes Astroviridae as a viral ... "Astroviridae - Positive Sense RNA Viruses - Positive Sense RNA Viruses (2011)". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses ...
星状病毒科 Astroviridae. *杆菌状RNA病毒科 Barnaviridae ...
星状病毒科 Astroviridae. *杆菌状RNA病毒科 Barnaviridae ...
... is a genus of viruses, in the family Astroviridae. Birds serve as natural hosts. There are currently three species ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Stellavirales Family: Astroviridae Genus: Avastrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 ...
... is a genus of viruses, in the family Astroviridae. Human, mammals, and vertebrates serve as natural hosts. There ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Stellavirales Family: Astroviridae Genus: Mamastrovirus Mamastrovirus 1 Mamastrovirus 2 Mamastrovirus 3 ...
Positive single-stranded RNA families: three non-enveloped (Astroviridae, Caliciviridae and Picornaviridae) and four enveloped ...
Fine [[[Astrovirus,Astroviridae]]. Babesiosis. Géineas Babesia. Ionfhabhtú Bacillus cereus. Bacillus cereus. Bacterial ...
There are some studies showing that a possible VPg protein is also present in astroviridae, however, experimental evidence for ...
... astroviridae MeSH B04.909.777.099.070 - astrovirus MeSH B04.909.777.123 - birnaviridae MeSH B04.909.777.123.050 - ...
Family Gammaflexiviridae Family Tymoviridae Unassigned Family Alphatetraviridae Family Alvernaviridae Family Astroviridae ...
... and Astroviridae are responsible for a huge percentage of gastrointestinal disease worldwide. Rotaviruses (of Reoviridae) have ...
Ampullaviridae Anelloviridae Arenaviridae Arteriviridae Artoviridae Ascoviridae Asfarviridae Aspiviridae Astroviridae ...
When retroviruses have integrated their own genome into the germ line, their genome is passed on to a following generation. These endogenous retroviruses (ERVs), contrasted with exogenous ones, now make up 5-8% of the human genome.[7] Most insertions have no known function and are often referred to as "junk DNA". However, many endogenous retroviruses play important roles in host biology, such as control of gene transcription, cell fusion during placental development in the course of the germination of an embryo, and resistance to exogenous retroviral infection. Endogenous retroviruses have also received special attention in the research of immunology-related pathologies, such as autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis, although endogenous retroviruses have not yet been proven to play any causal role in this class of disease.[8] While transcription was classically thought to occur only from DNA to RNA, reverse transcriptase transcribes RNA into DNA. The term "retro" in retrovirus refers to ...
The hepatitis envelope proteins are composed of subunits made from the viral preS1, preS2, and S genes. The L (for "large") envelope protein contains all three subunits. The M (for "medium") protein contains only preS2 and S. The S (for "small") protein contains only S. The genome portions encoding these envelope protein subuntis share both the same frame and the same stop codon (generating nested transcripts on a single open reading frame. The pre-S1 is encoded first (closest to the 5' end), followed directly by the pre-S2 and the S. When a transcript is made from the beginning of the pre-S1 region, all three genes are included in the transcript and the L protein is produced. When the transcript starts after the pro-S1 at the beginning of the pre-S2 the final protein contains the pre-S2 and S subunits only and therefore is an M protein. The smallest envelope protein containing just the S subunit is made most because it is encoded closest to the 3' end and comes from the shortest transcript. ...
Viruses in Betanodavirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral geometries, and T=3 symmetry. The diameter is around 30 nm. Genomes are linear and segmented, bipartite, around 21.4kb in length.[8]. The crystal structure of a betanodavirus- T=3 Grouper nervous necrosis virus (GNNV)-like particle has been determined by X-ray crystallography. The virus-like particle contains 180 subunits of the capsid protein, and each capsid protein (CP) shows three major domains: (i) the N-terminal arm, an inter-subunit extension at the inner surface; (ii) the shell domain (S-domain), a jelly-roll structure; and (iii) the protrusion domain (P-domain) formed by three-fold trimeric protrusions. [10]. ...
Nucleic acid analysis suggests a very long association of the viruses with the wasps (greater than 70 million years).. Two proposals have been advanced for how the wasp/virus association developed. The first suggests that the virus is derived from wasp genes. Many parasitoids that do not use PDVs inject proteins that provide many of the same functions, that is, a suppression of the immune response to the parasite egg. In this model, the braconid and ichneumonid wasps packaged genes for these functions into the viruses-essentially creating a gene-transfer system that results in the caterpillar producing the immune-suppressing factors. In this scenario, the PDV structural proteins (capsids) were probably "borrowed" from existing viruses.. The alternative proposal suggests that ancestral wasps developed a beneficial association with an existing virus that eventually led to the integration of the virus into the wasp's genome. Following integration, the genes responsible for virus replication and the ...
Louis Pasteur was unable to find a causative agent for rabies and speculated about a pathogen too small to be detected using a microscope.[21] In 1884, the French microbiologist Charles Chamberland invented a filter (known today as the Chamberland filter or the Pasteur-Chamberland filter) with pores smaller than bacteria. Thus, he could pass a solution containing bacteria through the filter and completely remove them from the solution.[22] In 1892, the Russian biologist Dmitri Ivanovsky used this filter to study what is now known as the tobacco mosaic virus. His experiments showed that crushed leaf extracts from infected tobacco plants remain infectious after filtration. Ivanovsky suggested the infection might be caused by a toxin produced by bacteria, but did not pursue the idea.[23] At the time it was thought that all infectious agents could be retained by filters and grown on a nutrient medium - this was part of the germ theory of disease.[2] In 1898, the Dutch microbiologist Martinus ...
The Herpesvirales naming system originated in 1973 and has been elaborated considerably since. All herpesviruses described since this system was adopted have been named in accordance with it. The recommended naming system specifies that each species name consists of three parts: a first word, a second word, and finally a number. The first word should be derived from the taxon (family or subfamily) to which its primary natural host belongs. The subfamily name is used for viruses from members of the family Bovidae or from primates (the virus name ending in -ine, e.g. bovine), and the host family name for other viruses (ending in -id, e.g. equid). Human herpesviruses have been treated as an exception (human rather than hominid). Following the host-derived term, species in the family Herpesviridae, which are divided into subfamilies Alphaherpesvirinae, Betaherpesvirinae, and Gammaherpesvirinae, will have the word alphaherpesvirus, betaherpesvirus, or gammaherpesvirus added, respectively. Species in ...
Despite his other successes, Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) was unable to find a causative agent for rabies and speculated about a pathogen too small to be detected using a microscope.[1] In 1884, the French microbiologist Charles Chamberland (1851-1931) invented a filter - known today as the Chamberland filter - that had pores smaller than bacteria. Thus, he could pass a solution containing bacteria through the filter and completely remove them from the solution.[2] In 1876, Adolf Mayer, who directed the Agricultural Experimental Station in Wageningen was the first to show that what he called "Tobacco Mosaic Disease" was infectious, he thought that it was caused by either a toxin or a very small bacterium. Later, in 1892, the Russian biologist Dmitry Ivanovsky (1864-1920) used a Chamberland filter to study what is now known as the tobacco mosaic virus. His experiments showed that crushed leaf extracts from infected tobacco plants remain infectious after filtration. Ivanovsky suggested the infection ...
Gammaherpesviruses are of primary interest due to the two human viruses, EBV and KSHV and the diseases they cause. The gammaherpesviruses replicate and persist in lymphoid cells but some are capable of undergoing lytic replication in epithelial or fibroblast cells. Gammaherpesviruses may be a cause of chronic fibrotic lung diseases in humans and in animals.[10] Murid herpesvirus 68 is an important model system for the study of gammaherpesviruses with tractable genetics. The gammaherpesviruses, including HVS, EBV, KSHV, and RRV, are capable of establishing latent infection in lymphocytes.[9] Attenuated virus mutants represent a promising approach towards gamma-herpesvirus infection control. Surprisingly, latency-deficient and, therefore, apathogenic MHV-68 mutants are found to be highly effective vaccines against these viruses.[8] Research in this area is almost exclusively performed using MHV68 as KSHV and EBV (the major human pathogens of this family) do not productively infect model organisms ...
The Birnaviridae genome encodes several proteins: Birnaviridae RNA-directed RNA polymerase (VP1), which lacks the highly conserved Gly-Asp-Asp (GDD) sequence, a component of the proposed catalytic site of this enzyme family that exists in the conserved motif VI of the palm domain of other RNA-directed RNA polymerases.[3] The large RNA segment, segment A, of birnaviruses codes for a polyprotein (N-VP2-VP4-VP3-C) [4] that is processed into the major structural proteins of the virion: VP2, VP3 (a minor structural component of the virus), and into the putative protease VP4.[4] VP4 protein is involved in generating VP2 and VP3.[4] recombinant VP3 is more immunogenic than recombinant VP2.[5] Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), a birnavirus, is an important pathogen in fish farms. Analyses of viral proteins showed that VP2 is the major structural and immunogenic polypeptide of the virus.[6][7] All neutralizing monoclonal antibodies are specific to VP2 and bind to continuous or discontinuous ...
Mononegavirales adalah ordo virus RNA yang berada dalam filum Negarnaviricota dan kelas Monjiviricetes.[1] Nama Mononegavirales berasa dari bahasa Yunani μóνος [monos] yang merujuk pada genom untai tunggal pada sebagian besar ordo ini, bahasa Latin negare yang merujuk pada sifat sense-negatif genom virus, serta akhiran -virales yang menunjukkan ordo virus.[2] Anggota ordo ini yang dikenal di antaranya virus rabies dan virus Ebola yang dapat menyebabkan penyakit, baik pada manusia maupun hewan. ...
Astroviridae · Barnaviridae · Bromoviridae · Caliciviridae · Closteroviridae · Comoviridae · Dicistroviridae · Flaviviridae · ...
"Chapter 21: Astroviridae." Fields Virology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013. 609-28. Print. ...
astroviridae. Skip to content Clinical Profile. Most astrovirus infections in humans are detected in the winter months (in ... "Chapter 21: Astroviridae." Fields Virology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013. 609-28. Print. ...
Astroviridae family Babesiosis Babesia species Bacillus cereus infection Bacillus cereus Bacterial pneumonia multiple bacteria ...
The present invention relates to detecting target nucleic acid sequences in pooled samples. In particular, the present invention relates to compositions and methods for detecting the presence or absence of target nucleic acid sequences (e.g. RNA virus sequences) in a pooled sample employing an INVADER detection assay. In certain embodiments, the present invention allows target nucleic acid sequence detection in pooled biological samples (e.g. pooled blood samples) without prior amplification of the target.
Familie Astroviridae. *Genus Avastrovirus. *Genus Mamastrovirus. *Genus ‚Bastrovirus[46]. *Familie Barnaviridae. *Genus ...
Astroviridae 29. Togaviridae 30. Flaviviridae 31. Other Viruses: Hepesviruses, Hepadnaviridae, Deltavirus, Anelloviruses and ...
Family Astroviridae Family Togaviridae Family Flaviviridae Family Coronaviridae Family Arteriviridae Family Papillomaviridae ...
Family Astroviridae 401. Family Retroviridae 401. 14 Cytopathology of Pathogenic Prokaryotes 425 ...
Astroviridae. Astrovirus. Naked. Icosahedral. ss. 15.. Bornaviridae. Borna disease virus. Enveloped. Helical. ss. ...
Astroviridae. Genus. Avastrovirus. Genus. Mamastrovirus. Family. Barnaviridae. Genus. Barnavirus. Family. Bromoviridae. Genus. ...
Astroviridae. Astrovirus/Human astrovirus. /Gabon. 2010-2012. Human. +/-. Herpesviridae. Simplexvirus/HSV1 & HSV2. /Gabon. 2010 ...
Bosch A, Guix S, Krishna NK, Méndez E, Monroe SS, Pantin-Jackwood M, et al. Astroviridae. In: King AMQ, Adams MJ, Carstens EB, ... The family Astroviridae is currently divided into 2 genera: the genus Mamastrovirus of mammal-infecting viruses and the genus ...
The Astroviridae capsid is related to those of the Tymoviridae. The non-structural region is related to the Potyviridae. It ... "Astroviridae". web.stanford.edu. Retrieved 11 November 2016. Guix S, Bosch A, Pintó RM (2005). "Human astrovirus diagnosis and ... uses PCR to detect all known serotypes (7) of astrovirus 1995: In their sixth report, ICTV establishes Astroviridae as a viral ... "Astroviridae - Positive Sense RNA Viruses - Positive Sense RNA Viruses (2011)". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses ...
星状病毒科 Astroviridae. *杆菌状RNA病毒科 Barnaviridae ...
星状病毒科 Astroviridae. *杆菌状RNA病毒科 Barnaviridae ...
... amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae ... amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae ... amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae ...
The electronic Irish Statute Book (eISB) comprises the Acts of the Oireachtas (Parliament), Statutory Instruments, Legislation Directory, Constitution and a limited number of pre-1922 Acts.
Hepeviridae, Astroviridae. 19 April 2021. Togaviridae, Flaviviridae. Nidovirales I (Arteriviridae). 26 April 2021. Nidovirales ...
Astroviruses, family Astroviridae, are small, nonenveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses. The family comprises 2 genera: ... has revealed the sporadic presence of members of the Astroviridae family, previously unrecognized in humans, that are ...
Family Astroviridae. *Family Barnaviridae. *Family Bromoviridae. *Family Caliciviridae - includes Norwalk virus. *Family ...
Examples of some Class IV viruses are Coronaviridae, Flaviviridae, Astroviridae, and Picornaviridae. ...
Avastrovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Astroviridae. Birds serve as natural hosts. There are currently three species ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Stellavirales Family: Astroviridae Genus: Avastrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 ...
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Belong to family Astroviridae *8 human serotypes are known. 69. ASTROVIRUS- structure*Small ss RNA virus ...
Astroviridae. 2. Bunyaviridae. Vírus Belgrade (tiež známy ako Dobrava). 3. Vírus Bhanja 2. ...
ASTROVIRIDAE including Astrovirus, Human Astroviruses; CALICIVIRIDAE including Vesicular exanthema of swine virus, Norwalk ...
Astroviridae e.g. Astrovirus; Bornaviridae e.g. Borna disease virus. RT virus types include Metaviridae; Pseudoviridae; ...
2. Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family This lesson will focus on something more commonly known as the ... Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family. Learn about viral gastroenteritis, astrovirus and viral diarrhea, ... which are part of the Astroviridae virus family.. Californian Brain Inflammation: Bunyaviridae Structure, Transmission, and ...
Bosch A, Guix S, Krishna NK, Méndez E, Monroe SS, Pantin-Jackwood M, Schultz-Cherry S (2011) Family Astroviridae. Elsevier ...
Subgenomic RNA sequence of human astrovirus supports classification of astroviridae as a new family of RNA viruses. J Virol. ...
  • Along with the Picornaviridae and the Caliciviridae, the Astroviridae comprise a third family of nonenveloped viruses whose genome is composed of plus-sense, single-stranded RNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • This revealed the presence of 27 viral species, of which 24 were novel, including double-stranded RNA viruses ( Picobirnaviridae and Reoviridae ), single-stranded RNA viruses ( Astroviridae , Caliciviridae , Picornaviridae ), a retro-transcribing DNA virus ( Hepadnaviridae ), and a single-stranded DNA virus ( Parvoviridae ). (nature.com)
  • Chapter 27 Caliciviridae and Astroviridae Abstract This chapter describes the properties of caliciviruses and astroviruses, and features of the diseases they cause in animals. (veteriankey.com)
  • The most important excreted known pathogens are transmitted by a variety of means including fecal-oral transmission routes and are members of six families, Picornaviridae , Caliciviridae , Hepeviridae , Reoviridae , Astroviridae (all RNA viruses) and the DNA virus family Adenoviridae . (waterpathogens.org)
  • Learn about viral gastroenteritis, astrovirus and viral diarrhea, which are part of the Astroviridae virus family. (study.com)
  • Se confirmó, mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa en sangre, la presencia de Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B. Se presenta el primer caso pediátrico de coinfección por astrovirus y Neisseria meningitidis. (bvsalud.org)
  • Abstract Mamastrovirus 5 (MAstV5), belonging to the Astroviridae (AstV) family, previously known as canine astrovirus or astrovirus-like particles, has been reported in several countries to be associated with viral enteric disease in dogs since the 1980s. (bvsalud.org)
  • La ocurrencia de virus entéricos como rotavirus, astrovirus, norovirus y adenovirus en el ambiente, en aguas y alimentos, ha sido reportada en los países desarrollados y asociada a gastroenteritis de origen viral relacionada con el consumo de agua contaminada con materia fecal. (bvsalud.org)
  • Structure of Human Astrovirus Human astrovirus falls under Astroviridae and genus Mamastrovirus. (microbenotes.com)
  • The family Astroviridae is currently divided into 2 genera: the genus Mamastrovirus of mammal-infecting viruses and the genus Avastrovirus of avian viruses ( 3 , 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) established Astroviridae as a viral family in 1995. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of some Class IV viruses are Coronaviridae , Flaviviridae , Astroviridae , and Picornaviridae . (news-medical.net)
  • Avastrovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Astroviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Stellavirales Family: Astroviridae Genus: Avastrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 Viruses in Avastrovirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Spherical geometries, and T=3 symmetry. (wikipedia.org)
  • any of a family ( Astroviridae ) of single-stranded RNA viruses that infect vertebrates causing gastroenteritis in humans and especially children We conclude that astroviruses are medically important agents of gastroenteritis that produce clinical findings similar to those caused by rotavirus infection. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Pyrosequencing to investigate the viral flora in the ABV4(+) inoculum uncovered 7 unique reads sharing 73-100% nucleotide sequence identity with previously identified ABV sequences and 24 reads sharing 40-89% amino acid sequence identity with viruses in the Retroviridae and Astroviridae families. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Astroviridae family contains non-enveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses within two genera, Mamastrovirus and Avastrovirus , which infect mammals and birds, respectively. (askjpc.org)
  • Astroviruses, members of the family Astroviridae , represent an important cause of human gastroenteritis in the world. (asm.org)
  • Astroviruses belong to the family Astroviridae along with a virus known as mamastrovirus. (statemaster.com)
  • Members of a relatively new virus family, the astroviridae, astroviruses are now recognised as a major cause of gastroenteritis in children and adults. (statemaster.com)
  • Astroviruses (AstVs) belonging to the family Astroviridae was first identified by electron microscopy (EM) in fecal samples from children suffering with diarrhea in 1975 [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Genus Tequatrovirus ( T4virus , T4-ähnliche Viren , en. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the family Astroviridae , members of the genus Avastrovirus infect birds, whereas those of the genus Mamastrovirus are found in mammals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, results of antibody Astroviridae ( 4 ), and the genus Mastadenovirus ( 18 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The Astroviridae capsid is related to those of the Tymoviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Predicted capsid amino acid sequences were first used to assessed the relationship of the novel clinical TAstV isolates within the Astroviridae. (kenyon.edu)
  • El agua es reconocida como el recurso natural más preciado de nuestro planeta, el descuido de las fuentes de agua ligado a las actividades humanas, genera contaminación sostenida en el tiempo y lleva como resultado a la disminución en la calidad y cantidad de este recurso esencial. (bvsalud.org)
  • En Argentina y otros países de Sudamérica no hay regulaciones sobre el monitoreo de virus patógenos en matrices acuosas y existen pocos estudios de monitoreo ambiental de patógenos virales (rotavirus, norovirus, adenovirus, enterovirus) en aguas superficiales de ríos y lagos. (bvsalud.org)
  • Complete genome sequences of the Astroviridae include human, non-human mammalian and avian species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Gregori, Fabio 2016-09-16 00:00:00 Avian nephritis virus (ANV), which belongs to the family Astroviridae, is associated with different clinical manifestations (including enteric disorders). (deepdyve.com)
  • Screening of fecal samples from persons with diarrhea and control samples in different parts of the world by unbiased next-generation sequencing (NGS) or reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) has revealed the sporadic presence of members of the Astroviridae family, previously unrecognized in humans, that are phylogenetically substantially distant from classic HAstVs ( 3 , 5 - 9 ). (cdc.gov)
  • By using the content of this publication, the users accept to be bound by the terms of use of the UNESCO Open Access Repository ( http://www.unesco.org/openaccess/terms-use-ccbysa-en ). (waterpathogens.org)